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Peixoto, Historical Studies: Theories and Practices Department of History New York University Fall 2010 V57.0101 Historical Studies: Theories and Practices Workshop 003: The Middle Ages: Revolution, Renaissance, Reform Lecture Instructor: Professor Tom Bender Class Time: Mondays 9:3010:45 Email: [email protected] Class Location: Silver 408 Office Location: KJCC 601 Office Hours: M 12pm, W 34pm Workshop Instructor: Michael Peixoto WKSP Time: Tuesdays 111:30 Email: [email protected] Location: 48 Cooper Square, Rm 102 Office Location: KJCC 506 Office Hours: Tuesdays 46pm Introduction This course is designed for students intending to major in history. It is organized around a lecture component, common to all students who enroll in the course, and a workshop that is chronologically and regionally specific. Both lecture and workshop share the common goal of introducing students to the work of the historian and will cover topics including the historical development of professional history, professional ethics, objectivity and hermeneutics, and the nature of historiography. The course will be structured around detailed reading and discussion of primary and secondary sources, as well as various exercises in research and writing. Through this course, students will learn how to find and analyze primary sources, how to develop a research topic, and how to critically examine secondary literature. Although the readings assigned for lectures will be discussed in the workshop, we will be primarily concerned with the study of the rapid social and cultural changes that took place in eleventh and twelfthcentury Europe. During this period, western Europe experienced dramatic changes in forms of social organization and governance, contexts for learning and thought, and the nature of religious life and experience. Variously identified as "the feudal revolution," the "renaissance of the twelfth century," or "the twelfthcentury reformation," these changes have collectively been identified by many historians as decisive breaks with a postRoman past and the foundations of modern Europe. Other historians, however, have contested the structure, validity, and even existence of these changes, posing difficult questions about the nature of sources, the problem of continuity and change, and the relationship between what we term "modern" and what we term "medieval." In this course 1

Peixoto, Historical Studies: Theories and Practices we are going to query whether western Europe experienced a dramatic social and cultural revolution during the period c.10501200 and, if so, what the nature of that revolution was. The goal of this workshop is to prepare students for research in history. To this end, students will be expected to confront a variety of primary sources, to absorb and critique secondary literature, and to master the empirical skills necessary for developing a viable research project. Requirements Students will be expected to come to class each week prepared to discuss the assigned reading (with hardcopies of the reading inhand). Active participation in discussion will form a substantial part of your final grade. Students will also hand in four short response papers (2 pages each) analyzing the workshop reading for that week. There will be eight opportunities to hand in these papers. No response papers will be accepted on reading that has already been discussed in class. Students will turn in two short papers analyzing primary sources, a 3 page paper analyzing a single source and 6 page paper analyzing several sources. Finally, students will produce a research proposal of about 78 pages that proposes a viable research project grounded in a specific body of sources and developing a question based on existing scholarly literature. There will also be a midterm and a final exam based wholly upon material from the lecture portion of the class. Grading: Participation: 25% Document Exercises: 15% Midterm: 15% Final Exam: 25% Research Proposal: 20% Reading Most of the reading will be available on Blackboard, but it is essential that you bring hardcopies to each class. Unless there is a medical reason, I do not allow laptops or other electronic devices in class. ________________________________________________________________________ Week 1 Workshop (September 7): Introduction and Auxiliary Sciences of Medieval History Week 2 Lecture (September 13): Reintroduction to the Course; The Historical Profession · William H. McNeill, "Mythistory, or Truth, History, and Historians," American Historical Review, 91 (1986), 110 JSTOR. 2

Peixoto, Historical Studies: Theories and Practices Workshop (September 14): The Middle Ages: A Marginal Europe? · Source Reading: John of Plano Carpini, "History of the Mongols," in Mission to Asia, Christopher Dawson, ed. (1980), pp. 372. · Janet AbuLughod, Before European Hegemony: The World System, A.D. 12501350 (1989), pp. 175. Research Guide Distributed Assignment: Library Exercise Distributed Week 3 Lecture (September 20): A Historical Controversy: Development, East and West · David S. Landes, Wealth and the Poverty of Nations (1998), pp.1759. · Kenneth Pomeranz, The Great Divergence: China, Europe and the Making of the Modern World (2000), pp. 325, 26474. Workshop (September 21): Doing Medieval History · John Van Engen, "The Christian Middle Ages as an Historical Problem,"American Historical Review 91 (1986): 519552. · David Knowles, Great Historical Enterprises. 4 groups of readings (20pp ea.) Assignment: Library Exercise Due Source Readings: Packet of Medieval Documents Distributed Week 4 Lecture (September 27): What do Historians Do? · John Lewis Gaddis, The Landscape of History: How Historians Map the Past (2002), pp. 170, 91109. Workshop (September 28): A Written Revolution/Source Typologies · Source Reading: Packet of Medieval Documents · Michael Clanchy, From Memory to Written Record: England, 10661307 (rev. ed., 1994), pp. 81113, 224252, 294327. Response Paper #1 Opportunity Week 5 Lecture (October 4): Kinds of Sources: Their Production and Use · Natalie Davis, Fiction in the Archives: Pardon Tales and their Tellers in Sixteenth Century France (1987), pp. 16. · Video: Natalie Davis Interprets the Records of New Amsterdam: http://www.bgc.bard.edu/gallery/galleryatbgc/aboutaninventory.html Workshop (October 5): The Feudal Revolution I · Source Reading: Evergates, ed., Feudal Society in Medieval France: Documents from the County of Champagne (1993), nos. 115, 96101. 3

Peixoto, Historical Studies: Theories and Practices · Constance Bouchard, Strong of Body, Brave and Noble: Chivalry and Society in Medieval France (1998), pp. 166. Response Paper #2 Opportunity

Week 6 Lecture (October 11): COLUMBUS DAY HOLIDAY Workshop (October 12): The Feudal Revolution II · Source Reading: Galbert of Bruges, The Murder of Charles the Good (1960), pp.79 119. · Thomas Bisson, "The Feudal Revolution," Past and Present 142 (1994): 642. · E.A.R. Brown, "The Tyranny of a Construct: Feudalism and Historians of Medieval Europe," American Historical Review 79 (1974): 10631088. Assignment: Document Analysis #1 (single source) Due Week 7 Lecture (October 18): Scholarly Integrity · Ron Robin, Scandals and Scoundrels (2004), chap. 2: "The Noble Lie: `Arming America' and the Right to Bear Arms," pp. 3184. Workshop (October 19): The Feudal Revolution III · Source Reading: Evergates, ed., Feudal Society in Medieval France: Documents from the County of Champagne (1993), nos. 1624, 3337, 5577. · Stephen White, "`Pactum...Legem Vincit et Amor Judicium': The Settlement of Dispute by Compromise in EleventhCentury Western France," American Journal of Legal History 22 (1978): 281308. · Lester Little, "Anger in Monastic Curses," in Anger's Past: The Social Uses of an Emotion in the Middle Ages, ed. B. Rosenwein (1998), pp. 135. Response Paper #3 Opportunity Directions for Field Trip to Rare Book Room Distributed Week 8 Lecture (October 25): MIDTERM EXAM Workshop (October 26): Visit to the Rare Book Room of Columbia University and presentation by Dr. Consuelo Dutschke, curator of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts · Barbara Shailor, The Medieval Book (1991). Read all of it (lots of pictures!) Week 9 Lecture (November 1): Revolution I: The American Revolution Ideas · Source Reading: Thomas Paine, Common Sense (1776), pp. 6493. 4

Peixoto, Historical Studies: Theories and Practices · Bernard Bailyn, The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution (1967), pp. 18 36, 4375, 9498.

Workshop (November 2): The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century I · Source Reading: Peter Abelard, "Dialogue Between a Philosopher, a Jew and a Christian" in Ethical Writings (1995), pp. 59148. · R.N. Swanson, The TwelfthCentury Renaissance (1999), pp. 139, 103151 Response Paper #4 Opportunity Week 10 Lecture (November 8): Revolution II: The American Revolution A Social Movement · Source Reading: "The Regulators Movement in North Carolina. Politics of a Frontier Community (1769)," in Samuel Eliot Morison, ed. Sources and Documents Illustrating the American Revolution, 17641788 (2nd ed., 1965), 8387. · Gary Nash, The Urban Crucible: The Northern Seaports and the Origins of the American Revolution (1986), ixxv, 200247. Workshop (November 9): The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century II · Source Reading: Eadmer of Canterbury, The Life of St. Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, book 1. · Richard Southern, "Medieval Humanism," in Medieval Humanism and Other Studies (1970): 2960. Response Paper #5 Opportunity Week 11 Lecture (November 15): Revolution III: The American Revolution as a Global Event · Source Reading: [Silas Downes] A Son of Liberty, A Discourse at the Dedication of the Tree of Liberty (1768), American Political Writings, I, 100108. · Source Reading: Declaration of Independence (1776) · Thomas Bender, A Nation Among Nations (2006), 61115. Workshop (November 16): The Renaissance of the Twelfth Century III · Source Reading: John of Salisbury, The Metalogicon of John of Salisbury (1955): 341. · C. Stephen Jaeger, "Pessimism in the TwelfthCentury `Renaissance," Speculum 78 (2003): 11511183. Response Paper #6 Opportunity Week 12 Lecture (November 22): Revolution IV: The Constitution as Counterrevolution · Source Reading: Federalist Papers (1788), 10th and 51st. · Source Reading: Constitution of the United States

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Peixoto, Historical Studies: Theories and Practices · Woody Holton, Unruly Americans and the Origin of the Constitution (2007), excerpts; Rosemarie Zagarri, Revolutionary Backlash: Women and Politics in the Early American Republic (2007), 317, 5561, 8595, 27278. Rosemarie Zagarri, Revolution Backlash: Women and Politics in the Early American Republic (2007), 17, 1945. Interview: Karen Kupperman, "Native Americans and the New Nation" (tent.)

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· Workshop (November 23): The TwelfthCentury Reformation I · Source Reading: Libellus de Diversis Ordinibus et Professionibus Qui Sunt in Aeclessia (2003), pp.357. · Jean Leclercq, "The Monastic Crisis of the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries," in Cluniac Monasticism in the Central Middle Ages (1971): 21737. · John Van Engen, "The `Crisis of Cenobitism' Reconsidered: Benedictine Monasticism in the Years 10501150," Speculum 61 (1989): 269304. Assignment: Document Analysis #2 (three to five sources) Due Week 13 Lecture (November 29): American Empire I: Idealism, Interest, Yellow Press · Source Reading: William Randolph Hearst, editorial, New York Journal, February 17, 1898 · Source Reading: New York Journal and New York Times February 17, 1898 (coverage) · Source Reading: Rudyard Kipling, "The White Man's Burden," McClure's (1899). · Source Reading: President McKinley to Methodist Church Leaders (1899). · Walter LaFeber, The New Empire: An Interpretation of American Expansion, 1860 1898 (1963), 616, 6372, 15096. Workshop (November 30): The TwelfthCentury Reformation II · Source Reading: Robert of Arbrissel: A Medieval Religious Life (2003), pp. 168. · Source Reading: Bernard of Clairvaux, In Praise of the New Knighthood; http://www.theorb.net/encyclop/religion/monastic/bernard.html · Source Reading: Anonymous, "The Conversion of Peter Waldo." http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/waldo1.html Response Paper #7 Opportunity Week 14 Lecture (December 6): American Empire II: New Themes Race and Masculinity · Source Reading: Theodore Roosevelt, "The Strenuous Life" (1899). · Source Reading: Albert Beveridge, "The March of the Flag," in Beveridge, The Meaning of the Times and Other Speeches 1908, pp. 4757. · Source Reading: Albert Beveridge, campaign speech, Sept. 16, 1898. · Kristin Hoganson, Fighting for American Manhood: How Gender Politics Provoked the Spanish American and Philippine American Wars (1998), 742. 6

Peixoto, Historical Studies: Theories and Practices Workshop (December 7): The TwelfthCentury Reformation III · Source Reading: Aelred of Rievaulx, Spiritual Friendship (2005), book 1. · Jean Leclercq, "The Renewal of Theology," in Renaissance and Renewal in the Twelfth Century (1982, repr. 1991): 6887. · Constant Mews, "Monastic Educational Culture Revisited: the Witness of Zwiefalten and Hirsau," in Medieval Monastic Education (2000): 182197. Assignment: Research Proposal Due in Class Week 15 Lecture (December 13): American Empire III: American History and Empire · Source Reading: Frederick Jackson Turner, "The Problem of the West," Atlantic (1896). · Source Reading: Carl Schurz, An Address Opposing Annexation of the Philippines, January 11, 1899. · Source Reading: Henry Cabot Lodge, Speech Before the United States Senate, March 7, 1900. · Thomas Bender, A Nation Among Nations: America's Place in World History (2006), pp. 192245 · Interview: Marilyn Young, "Is American History the History of Empire?" Workshop (December 14): Conclusion: The First European Revolution? · R.I. Moore, The First European Revolution, c.9701215 (2000), pp.TBA. Response Paper #8 Opportunity FINAL EXAM IS WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15TH

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