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Project Guide

Faux Painting - Sponging

Difficulty

Experience/Time Novice: 12 hrs. Experienced: 10 hrs. Pro: 8 hrs. Sponging is one of the easiest techniques you can use to give a wall depth and complexity. Using various sponging techniques can give texture to your walls. Mixing the top coats with glaze lets you achieve an even softer, more nuanced result. Simply pat various colors onto a base-coated wall using a sea sponge. The more colors you sponge on, the greater the illusion of depth. Sponging off is another paint technique that involves laying down a solid color base coat and letting it dry, then rolling on a layer of glaze and blotting with a dry sponge to remove some of the glaze. You can opt for either a subtle or a more striking effect, experimenting with different colors will help you find your desired level of contrast. Sponge painting techniques are good for hiding flaws in imperfect walls and are a popular treatment for furniture and accessories. Mastering these techniques take time, practice on sample boards until you feel comfortable. The more you practice and experiment, the more color combinations you can try. Preparation: · Remove the furniture, or group it together in the center of the room. Protect floors and furniture with a drop cloth. · Repair and clean the wall first. Mask off the room with painter's masking tape. · Apply primer even if there is already a finish coat of paint on the wall. Safety: · Wear appropriate safety gear, gloves and eye protection. · When cleaning walls don't mix bleach with other household cleaners. Household cleaners most often contain ammonia, which will react with the bleach to produce toxic fumes. Savings: · Hiring a decorative painter can be expensive. Doing the job yourself can save you money and be a fun and easy weekend project.

What you will need Tools: Utility knife Roller tray Bucket Rubber gloves 4 ft stepladder Putty knife Dust mask 9 in roller cage w/ extension handle Materials: Blue painter's masking tape Drop cloth TSP solution Crack filler or joint compound Primer 3/8 in nap roller cover 220-grit sandpaper Clean cotton rags Available only at your local store: Scrubbing sponge Paint stirrer Sea sponge Glazing liquid Acrylic latex paint(s)

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Project Guide

Faux Painting - Sponging

Steps Steps 1-3 of 22 Faux Painting Step One - Preparing the wall A smooth, freshly painted wall is the perfect base for any decorative painting project. Before you begin make sure that you repair any cracks, dents and mars. No paint will cover surface flaws, nor will it stick to a wall that is rusty or greasy. Apply a primer even if there is a finish coat of paint on the wall. Primers provide the ideal base for a new coat of paint and decorative glazing.

Faux Painting Step Two - Cleaning the wall If there are stains on the wall, discover and eliminate their source. Then scrub the wall with a TSP solution. Rinse thoroughly because TSP residue will prevent even the best primer from adhering.

Faux Painting Step Three - Apply the base coat Satin or semi-gloss paints allow a longer working time for the glaze than flat or eggshell. Apply with a 9-inch roller cover with a 3/8-inch nap. Allow the base coat to dry for 24 hours.

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Project Guide

Faux Painting - Sponging

Steps Steps 4-6 of 22 Faux Painting Step Four - Mix the glaze In a ratio of 1 part paint and 4 parts glaze. Practice on test panels to determine the recipe.

Sponging On Step One - Begin the application Before you begin, soak the sponge in water. Squeeze out the excess so the wetness of the sponge will be consistent from start to finish. This is important in maintaining the same effect from section to section. This will also allow the sponge to absorb a full load of glaze. Next, pour a small amount of mixed glaze onto a ceramic or plastic plate that you can place on a stepladder shelf or carry in your hand. You can either dip the sponge into the mixture, or brush the paint onto the surface of the sponge. Blot excess paint onto a piece of cardboard if necessary.

Sponging On Step Two - Add more colors This technique offers a wonderful opportunity to use the color wheel in selecting color. Start, for instance, with a monochromatic scheme. Enhance that scheme by sponging on a different tint or shade of the base color. For added dimension, try sponging on an analogous color. If you want to make a bolder statement, sponge on a complementary hue or generate some subtle excitement with colors that form a triad on the color wheel. If you add a color that you don't like, sponge over it with another color. That's the beauty of painting: A fix is just a brush (or a sponge) away.

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Project Guide

Faux Painting - Sponging

Steps Steps 7 of 9 of 22 Sponging On Step Three - Start Sponging Begin first in an upper corner, prime the sponge with water and squeeze out the excess. Tear off a small piece of sponge to reach inside corners. Be fluid and rotate the sponge.

Sponging On Step Four - Sponge from the top Start sponging from the top of the wall to the bottom in a strip as wide as your arm is long.

Sponging On Step Five - Swing your arm in a radius Move your arm in a radius not in a square pattern, rotating the sponge occasionally.

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Project Guide

Faux Painting - Sponging

Steps Steps 10 of 12 of 22 Sponging On Step Six - Carry a clean rag Keep a clean rag handy to blot the sponge before starting each new section.

Sponging On Step Seven - Step back and look Review your results after each section. If you need to add more glaze, this is the time to do it.

Sponging On Step Eight - Sponge on more base If you come across a spot with too much glaze, go back after the glaze dries and sponge on more base.

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Project Guide

Faux Painting - Sponging

Steps Steps 13 of 15 of 22 Sponging On Step Nine - Sponge on more color If you decide to add any additional color(s) be sure to apply after your current glaze color dries.

Sponging Off Step One - Begin the application. Time is critical in sponging off because you are removing glaze. The process stops when the glaze dries. Practice on sample boards until you are comfortable with the technique and with your pace. Also make sure your glaze recipe allows enough time to work. You can slow drying by adding gel retarder to the glaze. Have a pile of clean dry cloths or lint-free paper towels handy to blot the sponge when it loads up with paint. Between sections rinse the sponge in a bucket to remove glaze, which tends to thicken inside the pores. Carry the plate or bucket of glaze in your other hand, or keep it nearby on a chair or stepladder. Extend your working time. The glaze may dry faster than you can sponge it off. If so, mist the glaze with a spray bottle of water to reactivate it. If this happens more than once, thin the glaze consistency with a little water or add more gel retarder. If you find you have removed too much of the glaze in a certain spot, you can come back later and sponge on a little bit more. Sponging Off Step Two - Apply the first glaze Roll as close to the corner as you can using a 9-inch roller cover with a 3/8-inch nap.

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Project Guide

Faux Painting - Sponging

Steps Steps 16 of 18 of 22 Sponging Off Step Three - Apply glaze to corners Use a small piece of sponge to apply glaze into corners.

Sponging Off Step Four - Paint an area of wall Roll paint on about 3 square feet or as much as you can sponge off in 10 to 15 minutes.

Sponging Off Step Five - Start Sponging Working from top to bottom press the sponge on and off the wall. Rotate the sponge frequently.

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Project Guide

Faux Painting - Sponging

Steps Steps 19 of 21 of 22 Sponging Off Step Six - Create a random pattern To create a random pattern, move your arm radially rather than working horizontally or vertically.

Sponging Off Step Seven - Blot the sponge Occasionally blot your sponge on a clean rag. Rinse out the glaze before starting each new section.

Sponging Off Step Eight - Evaluate your progress Step away from the wall occasionally and look at the result after completing each section.

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Project Guide

Faux Painting - Sponging

Steps Steps 22 of 22 Sponging Off Step Nine - Begin the next section Start the next section before the previous section dries. Always maintain a wet edge.

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