x

Read Economic plants of Indonesia : a Latin, Indonesian, French and English dictionary of 728 species = Tanaman bernilai ekonomi dari Indonesia : kamus Latin, Indonesia, Perancis dan Inggris dari 728 spesies = Plantes d'intérêt économique en Indonésie : un text version

ECONOMIC PLANTS OF INDONESIA

A LATIN, INDONESIAN, FRENCH AND ENGLISH DICTIONARY OF 728 SPECIES

Patrice Levang & Hubert de Foresta

outhea

t

and S AMEO BIOTROP Asian Regional Centre for Tropical Biology P.O. Box 17, Bogor. lodone ia

1991

[D

IIOTROP

ECONOMIC PLANTS OF INDONESIA

A Latin, Indonesian, French and English dictionary of 728 species

TANAMAN BERNILAI EKONOMI DARI INDONESIA Kamus Latin, Indonesia, Perancis dan Inggris dari 728 spesies· PLANTES D'INTERET ECONOMIQUE EN INDONESIE Un lexique latin, indonesien, francais et anglais de 728 especes

Patrice Levang, Agronomist Hubert de Foresta, Botanist

Published by

and SEAMEO BIOTROP Southeast Asian Regional Centre for Tropical Biology P.O. Box 17, Bogor, Indonesia

1991

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a.o,.op

Contents / Daftar Isi / Sommaires

Prefaces / Prakata / Préfaces

English Indonesia Français Dr. A.J.G.H. Kostermans Dr. Soekotjo Dr. M. Bonneff

V

vii ix xi

Foreword For those who want more information ...

s commented bibliography

1

8

13 20

Keterangan Untuk mengetahui lebih lanjut ...

penjelasan daftar pustaka

Avertissement Pour ceux qui veulent en savoir plus ...

bibliographie commentée

25 32 37

105 115 135 169

Dictionary / Kamus / Dictionnaire Index / Indeks / Index

scientific / ilmiah / scientifique English / Inggris / Anglais Indonesian / Indonesia / Indonésien French / Perancis / Français

\

Prefaces

Prakata

Préfaces

PREFACE

This booklet deals with 728, mostly Javanese, useful plants. The authors had to make a choice from the circa 6000 useful plant species of Indonesia. Besides of Javanese plants with theirSundanese (West Java) and Javanese (Central Java) names, also Indonesian names are enumerated, these are either Javanese or Sundanese adapted names or names of other parts of Indonesia, adapted and Incorporated in the Indoneslan language. The cholce of specles Is entirely the responsibility of the authors. Thelr main aim has been to create an easy tool to identify the most common Indonesian useful plants, Including also commonly cultlvated alien specles. A small reference Iist will guide the more interested user to more complete Information. Such a booklet is always useful, as nobody can carry around the more complete heavy volumes on the subjeet.

Prof. Dr. A.J.G.H. Kostermans Herbarlum Bogoriense Jalan Juanda 22 Bogor

Preface

vii

PRAKATA

Buku panduan ini dipersiapkan oIeh para penulisnya untuk alat identifikasi tanaman bennanfaat. Para penulisnya telah berusaha agar buku ini sangat mudah dan enak dipergunakan oIeh para pemakai. Buku ini memang lebih banyak mempergunakan nama lokal yang berasal dari nama daerah Sunda dan Jawa, namun dengan banyaknya transmigran Sunda dan Jawa para pemakai akan mudah terbantu. Tak ber1ebihan bila saya menyatakan bahwa buku ini sangat bennanfaat dan mudah dibawa ke lapangan sebagai aJat bantu identifikasi tanaman.

Dr. Ir. Soekotjo SEAMEO BIOTROP Bogor

Prakata

ix

PREFACE

Infortunés botanistes, pour qui le serigading, qu'on appelle aussi en Indonésien "arbre des mariés", n'est autre que l'arbre triste de la nomenclature. Compatissons, puisque leur discipline si rigoureuse et exigeante est environnée des chausse-trappes que tend la culture, celle des hommes et non celle des plantes. La principale difficulté d'un lexique comme celui-ci est justement d'accorder la nécessaire rigueur de la classification avec la variété sans fin des usages et des langues. Cela suppose des choix dont les auteurs s'expliquent clairement et non sans modestie, compte-tenu de l'énoone travaD de compilation qu'Us ont fourni (notons au passage l'intérêt de la bibliographie commentée). Parmi ces choix, on ne leur en voudra pas (trop) de "javaniser" quelque peu la flore indonésienne, car Is ne font aprés tout que suivre la tendance actuelle et qu'ils ont la prudence de le préciser. Heureux "profanes", en revanche -à l'exception peut-être des collectionneurs d'orchidées ou des lexicographes sourcilleux- à qui ce vade-mecum pennettra de mieux voyager entre nature et culture. La garantie de spécialistes appliquée à l'abondance des termes vemaculaires ici réunis devrait considérablement limiter les identifications hasardeuses.

Il en est des livres comme des espèces végétales. Dans la catégorie des ouvrages "utnes", de la famille des dictionnaires, du genre lexique, le Levang et de Foresta est une espèce certes améliorable et qui s'étoffera, mais qui est d'ores et déjà très féconde.

Dr. Marcel Bonneff Représentant de l'Ecole Française d'Extrême-Crient en Indonésie

Preface

xi

Foreword

Foreword:

Another dletionary?

What is thls plant called? Apa namanya? You are expatrlates, discoverlng the variety of the local flora... Or Indoneslans wlshing to share your knowledge of vegetais... students, researchers, our dictlonary Is Intended for you. This book will endeavour to fill the gap between standard dictionaries which are often lacklng ln precision regarding scientific terms, and speclalized works hardly understandable to the layman. Furthermore, the most Interestlng works that have been published about economlc plants of Indonesia date back to colonial times and are not avallable anywhere but ln speclallzed IIbraries (cf. part: For those who want more Information). There are two ways of going about the study of the Indoneslan flora. The first and most accurate one is to become acquainted with botanical terms, to get hold of a magnifying glass and of sorne local plant floras and to very patiently determine, by yourself, which genus and species your samples belong to. The other way, much less reliable but a lot more p1easant and above ail faster is to depend on the wonderful botanical knowledge of the Indonesian peasant. If you decide on the latter, this handbook may prove precious to you. Any dictionary author would Iike to achieve as complete a work as possible. The compilation stage (which, for us, lasted ten years) seems to never be able to reach an end. One is soon loaded with thousands of plant names, dozens of thousands of vernacular names and as many doubts and potential mlstakes. Durlng the second stage, a concern for coherence and convenient handling entails the elimination of a great many species of minor interest. A third stage will naturally consist ln reintroducing the names of plants eventually considered as not so minor! A time has come when a decision has to be made. Therefore we chose to confine our research to the main economlc plant species. Owing to availability of reference books on the subject, our dictionary is malnly concerned with the geographlc area of Java Island. Sorne plants of local economic Interest outside Java may be missing here.

Foreword

3

Layout; how to use the dietionary:

The main part of the dletionary comprises 728 numbered species, divided Into 139 families and introduced in alphabetical order. The scientific name of each species appears ln bold faced type and Is followed by the author's name printed in italics. Then come the vernacular appellations, in which "1" stands for Indoneslan, "J" for Javanese, "S" for Sundanese, "f" for french and "E" for English. The Icons give information about the main uses of the plant. Vernacular names have been listed into three Indexes with cross references to the main part of the dictionary. The index scientific names indicates the classification into botanic families. Scientific names: species and families. With the following example, we will briefly recall how the scientific names of plant species and families have been established. "Soursop" or "corossol" (number 44 in this dictionary) is designated by the appellation Annona murlcata L.; Annona stands for the genus, muricata for the species, and L. is the abbreviation used for Linne, name of the botanlst who first described the plant. Species are filed under genera, themselves gathered Into families: the cinnamon apple belongs to the same genus as corossol, whereas ylang-ylang is of the Cananga genus. The name of a botanlcal family (Annonaceae in our example) is formed on a root borrowed from a genus specifie to that family, to whlch the suffix -aceae has been added. In sorne cases, oId but still commonly used family names have been recorded, such as Palmae for Arecaceae, or Graminae for Poaceae, among others. The classification of plants into different levels (species, genus, family, to mention but the main ones) is subject to frequent changes depending on new dlscoveries ln the field of botanic. Some species are differently labelled, genera are reconsidered, families are born while others slmply disappear* .,. A1though disconcerting and irritating at tlmes for the layman, such a spiralling of labels Is a testimony to the constant evolution of knowledge and shows that the botanical science is far from exhaustive.

* ln this work, the species names used are those of the Basic Ust of the Prosea

projeet (1989), as far as families revised by specialists are concerned; for other families, the names come from the Flora of Java (1968) but have been corrected according to the revisions later published ln the Flora Maleslana and the Index Kewensis. However, to facilitate research into older books, mention has been made of commonly used synonyms. As to families and their composition, we've adopted the classification established by Cronquist

(1984).

4

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Indonesian, Javanese and Sundanese names: The Indonesian language, elected as the national tongue forthe whole archipelago afterthe Independence, has been enriched with numerous foreign and local terms. ln the field of botanic, Sundanese and Javanese words often supersede Malayu appellations. Current use being the law, it is sometimes uneasy to trace the origin of a name and to flnd out which language had an Influence on another. Our work was not based on a Iinguistic approach; we have therefore considered that the Sundanese or Javanese name of a plant commonly used ln the Indonesian language could be admitted as Indoneslan. Owlng to local dlalects and regional accents, the transcription of vernacular names may raise a few questions. Such is the case for the word Srikaya, Serkaya and Sarikaya, which ail refer to the custard apple. There belng no fixed spelling ln Indonesian, the index must be used with caution. Attention should also be paid to the fact that some words designate a whole plant, whereas others will refer to only a part of the plant or even to one of its particular uses. Emping for Instance only applies to the product of the tree melinjo. One should bear in mind that Indonesian, Javanese and Sundanese are three different tongues. The same word may appear in ail three languages but it will correspond to varlous species, i.e. gedang whlch means "bananatree" ln Javanese and "papaya" in Sundanese. Warning: the correspondence between vernacular and scientific names is not always unequivocal. Thus, one vernacu.lar name can be used to designate several species. The Sundanese Ki baceta applies altogether to Staurogyne elongata. Taraxacum officinale and Clausena excavata. A name appearing in the index can also refer to a specie unlisted in the dictionary. On the other hand. the peasant will know a great many closely related species or various plants having similar uses under the same name. In the Indonesian language, medang refers to numerous specles withln the Aiseodaphne. Cinnamomum. Dehaasia, Lltsea and Phoebe geriera (of the Lauraceae family) as weil as to the Dactylocladus genus of the Melastomataceae family and to Lophopetalum of the Celastraceae family. ln dealing with some economic plants, the peasant will at times show more preciseness than the scientist by giving different names to several varieties of one and the same species. The distinction between duku and langsat, for exemple, is not essential to the botanist. Foreword

5

French names:

The French names IIsted ln the dietlonary are current words of the French language, but also regional names (from Reunion, Maurice, French Guiana, the West Indies and Pacifie Islands), especlally when they refer to tropical plants not weil known on the mainland.

Engllsh names:

The same as above applies to English names. Because of the extension of the British Empire and the current use of fotelgn words ln Engllsh, many authors tend to conslder ambooloong, ba/chand/, khuskhus, ramtulsl and talawr/nta as Engllsh names. Beslde borrowings from foreign languages (Indisn, Malaysian, etc...), sorne names of British origln have different meanings ln the United Klngdom, the United States or Australia.

Plant uses:

The icons facing the sclentific names, on the right hand side, give an idea of the main use of each plant. That IIst Is by no means an exhaustive one.

J- Garbo-hydrates

, Spices ... Wax, gums, resins ê Perfumes " Wood

<j Fruits and nuts , Sugar .. Stimulating t Medicinal

· Crafts.

& Vegetables tri Oil · Textiles If Tannlng, dyeing ~ Ornamental

III Other (fodder, cover crop, fuel, hedge)

6

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Acknowledgements:

We particularly wish to express our thanks to Mrs Genevieve Mlchon and Mr Jean-Marle Bompard for their valuable assistance in the accomplishment of this work; We also thank MM. A.J.G.H. Kosterrnans. Soekotjo Adisoewarno and M. Bonneff, who accepted to write prefaces to the dictionary;

MM Ijun Junaedl, Bapak Hasan, Yayat, Gregory Hambaly and Plyono for completlng and correctlng the Index of vernacular names; Ms Silvle Hamzah P., Srle Hermiaty and Sri Martanl for typing ail articles, Ms Beatrice Nas-Wartelle and Sllvie Hamzah P. for the translation of the comments respectively into English and Indonesian.

This book Is the first edition of a work that we hope enlarge and revise with your help. Plesse feel free to contribute your rernarks and criticism.

You can write to: P. Levang and H. de Foresta, BIOTROP/ORSTOM P.O. Box 17 Jin. Raya Tajur km 6, Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia.

Foreword

7

For those who want more Information: a commented bibliography

.,.

Plant classification

The first of the books mentioned below represents the latest attempt at classifying flowering plants. The second one will provide the reader with a general outline of the vegetal wor1d; easier to read, il is profusely iIIustrated and is largely devoted to tropical plants: Cronquist, A. (1984). An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. New York, Columbia University Press. Heywood, V.H., Ed. (1978). Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press.

Floras

With little or no illustration, the existing Floras about the area are not too convenient for the layman to use. However, if you can find goOO plant samples, if you know their local appellation and, thanks to the dictionary, the correspondlng scientific names, you will be able to check that the descriptions given in the Floras apply to your sampies. Backer, C.A. and R.C. Bakhuizen van den Brink (1963-1968). Flora of Java (Spermatophytes only). Groningen, N.V.P. Noordhoff. Corner, E.J.H. (1988). Wayside Trees of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur. The Malayan Nature Society. Oransfield, J. (1979). A manual of the Rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Kuala Lumpur, Forest Departr.nent, Ministry of Primary Industries Malaysia. Whitmore, T.C., Ed. (1983 Vol. 1; Vol. 2). Tree Flora of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur, Longman Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. Ng, F.S.P., Ed. (1978 Vo1.3; 1989 Vol. 4). Tree Flora of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur, Longman Malaysia Sdn. Bhd.

* Most of the works Iisted below can be consulted in Bogor at the Biotrop Iibrary

or that of the Herbarium Bogoriense. 8 Economie Plants of Indonesia

Steenis C.G.G.J. van, Ed. (1948-....). Flora Malesiana. Dordrecht 1 Boston 1 London, K1uwer Academie Publishers:

Popular Treatises on Botanics

The following books, abundantly illustrated, will enable the reader to recognlze many different species and learn about their main uses. Fong, C.H. and Y. Hol-Sen (1978). Malaysian Fruits in Colour. Kuala Lumpur, Tropical Press Sdn. Bhd. Martawijaya, A., 1. Kartasujana, et al. (1986). Indonesian Wood Atlas (Vol. 1). Bogor, Departement of Forestry. Forest Products Research and Development Centre. Martawijaya, A., 1. Kartasujana, et al. (1989).Atlas Kayu Indonesia (Vol. 2). Bogor, Departemen Kehutanan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan. Piggott, A. G. and C. J. Piggot (1988). Ferns ofMalaysia ln Colour. Kuala Lumpur, Tropical Press Sdn. Bhd. Polunin, 1. (1988). Plants and Flowers of MalaysIa. Kuala Lumpur, Times Editions. Suryowinoto, M. (1987). Mengenal Anggrek A/am Indonesia. Jakarta, P.T. Penebar Swadaya. Teo, C.K.H. (1985). Native Orchids of Peninsula Malaysia. Singapore, Times Books 1 nternational. Whitmore, T.C. (1973). Palms of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur, Oxford University Press. To the above Iist should be added the series of illustrated booklets on Indonesian plants edited at the Herbarium Bogoriense by the Lembaga Biologl Nasional, namely: Anggrek (LBN 1, LBN 15), Jenis-jenis Bambu (LBN 4), Tanaman Hias (LBN 5), Sayur-sayuran (LBN 6), Ubi-ubian (LBN 7), Buah-buahan (LBN 8), Tanaman Industrl (LBN 10), Tumbuhan Obat (LBN 11), Palem Indonesla (LBN 13), Jenis-Jenis Kayu (LBN 14, LBN 19, LBN 26), Tanaman Pekarangan (LBN 16), Jenis-jenis Paku (LBN 17, LBN 33), Tumbuhan air (LBN 23), Tanaman Pagar (LBN 26) ... Lastly, mention must be made of four illustrated works, malnly devoted to ornamental plants. The first one is a very valuable guide for the amateur who wishes to get acquainted with and recognize tropical plants. Lotschert, W. and G. Beese (1988). Collins Guide to Tropical Plants. London, William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. Graf, A.B. (1973). Exotica. New York, Roehrs Company Incorporated.

Bibliography

9

Bruggeman, L (1971). Tropical Plants and their cultivation. London, Thames and Hudson. Menninger, E.A., Ed. (1970). Flowering Vines of the World. An Encyc/opedia of Climbing Plants. New York, Heartslde Press Incorporated.

Dletionarles

The first two of these deal wlth Indoneslan plants only; the others have broadened the field of thelr research to the names of plants used wortdwlde. The last two dlctlonaries glve Informations on plant orlgln, distribution and uses and thus they effect the transition wlth the works Iisted ln the next section. Alriastinl, J.J. (1985). Daftar Nama Tanaman. Penebar Swadaya. Filet, G.J. (1888). Plantkundig Woordenboek voor Nederlandsch-Indle. Amsterdam, J.H. de Bussy. Gerth, H.I. van Wijk (1971). A Dictionary of Plant Names. Amsterdam, A. Asher & Co., Vaals. Haensch, G. and G. Haberkamp de Anton (1975). Dictionary of Agriculture. German / English / French / Spanlsh / Russlan. Amsterdam / Oxford / New York. Elsevier Sclentlflc Publishlng Company. Uphof, J.C.T. (1968). Dictionary ofEconomie Plants. Lehre, Vertag von J. Cramer. Usher, G. (1974). A Dictionary of Plants used by man. London, Constable and Company Ltd.

Plant Use

A few books of generallnterest, ail illustrated: Hill, A.F. (1978). Economie Botany. New-Delhi, Tata McGraw-HiII Publishing Company Ltd. Messiaen, C.M. (1974). Le Potager Tropical. Paris, Presses Universitaires de France. Purseglove, J.W. (1978). Tropical Crops: Monocotyledons. London, The English Language Book Society and Longman. Purseglove, J.W. (1984). Tropical Crops: Dlcotyledons. London, The English Language Book Society and Longman.

10

Economie Plants of Indonesia

The following, which we strongly advise to consult, constitute a mine of information about economlc plants of the area: Burkill, I.H. (1935). A Dictionary of the Economie Products ofthe Malay Peninsula. London. Oxford University Press. Heyne, K. (1950). De Nuttige Planten van Indonesie. Wageningen, Heyne, K. (1987). Tumbuhan Berguna Indonesia. Departemen Kehutanan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan. Ochse, J.J. (1931). Fruits and Fruitculture in the Dutch East Indies. Batavia. G. Kolif & Co. Ochse, J.J and R.e. Bakhuizen van den Brink (1977). Vegetables of the Dutch East Indies. Canberra. Australian National University Press. And we finally must mention sorne works under publication or already publlshed within the PROSEA projeet (Plant Resources of South-East Asia); the aim of this international project, whose reglonal office is located atthe Herbarium Bogoriense. Is the compilation of bibliographical data as weil as the publication of an encyclopedia ln severai volumes dedicated to economic plants of the Indo-Malay area. Lemmens, R.H.M.J., p.e.M. Jansen, et al., Ed. (1989). Plant Resources of South-East Asla. Basic IIst of species and commodity grouping. Version 1. Wageningen, Prosea projeet. Maesen, L.J.G. van der and S. SomaatmadJa, Ed. (1989). Plant Resources of South-East Asia. ~. 1: Pulses. Wageningen, Pudoc/Prosea

Bibliography

11

Keterangan

Pendahuluan:

Apakah kamus masih diperlukan ?

Apa nama tanaman ini ? Bagl para praktisi, perninat tanaman dan mahasiswa yang sedang maupun akan rnempelajari flora Iokal buku penuntun Ini dipersiapkan untuk mereka

Buku penuntun ini mencoba untuk rnengisi kekosongan kamus k1asik yang sering kurang tepat rnenyebut nama-nama Imiah, di samping /tu beberapa hasl karya para spesialis, sedikit dimengerti oIeh orang awam. Penemuan tanaman bermanfaat Ieblh banyak d/terbitkan pada zaman kolonial Qihat Bab 1bagl yang ingin rnengenallebih lanjut. Ada dua cara untuk rnenemukan flora Indonesia. Yang pertama dan yang lebih teUd adalah diawall dengan mema.hami fitografl atau peristlahan botani kemudian dilanjutkan dengan rnengamati tanaman yang bersangkutan laIu dicocokkan dengan buku flora yang tersedia, dan dengan kesabaran, anda menentukan sandiri jenis contoh tanaman yang anda amati. Cara Iain, yang kurang pasti akan tetapi Ieblh menyenangkan dan terutama lebih cepat adaIah menggunakan pengetahuan botanl yang luar biasa dari para petani Indonesia. Jika anda memHih ca.ra penyelesaian yang kedua, buku penuntun Ini akan sangat besar gunanya. Seorang penuis kamus seIaIu Ingin mewujudkan sebuah karya selengkap mungkin. Masa pengumpulan data (10 tahun yang berhubungan dengan kamus InO rasanya tidak akan pemah berakhir. Dengan segera orang akan menemukan beribu-ribu nama tanaman, pUuhan ribu nama lokaI dan banyak yang meragukan dan berislko akan salah. Pada tahap kedua untuk memudahkan pemakalan kamus. sebagian besar tanaman dikeluarkan karena dianggap sekunder. Jelas pada tahap ketlga, sebaglan dari tanaman tersebut, dirnasukkan kemball, karena tidak begitu sekunder. Tiba saatnya untuk memutuskan. Jadi kami telah memDih untuk membatasl pada jenis pokok yang bemlal ekonomis. Berdasarkan referensi dan karya-karya yang ada, kamus Ini terutama meliput! daerah pUau Jawa. OIeh karena /tu beberapa jenis tanaman Iokal yang bernlal ekonomls di luar Jawa kurang disebut.

Keterangan

15

Penyusunan dan penggunaan kamus:

Bagian utama kamus Ini terdiri dari 728 jenls bernomor, terbagl dalam 139 suku dan disusun secara alphabetik. Nama i1miah suatu jenis ditulis dalam huruf tebal, dan nama pengarang dengan huruf miring. Berikutnya nama-nama lokal: "1" untuk nama Indonesia, "J" untuk narna Jawa, "S" untuk nama Sunda. "F" untuk nama Perancis dan "E" untuk narna Inggris. Simbul-slmbul memberikan gambaran tentang penggunaan utama tanaman yang dipertanyakan. Tiga indeks nama-nama lokal menunjukan pada kamus sebagai petunjuk untuk mencari nama-nama asing dan ilmlah yang berhubungan. Sebuah Indeks dengan nama-nama Iimiah menunjukkan pada sukutl:lmbuh-tumbuhan. Nama-nama i1miah: marga dan suku Dengan bantuan sebuah contoh dengan segera kita teringat bagaimana membentuk nama i1miah marga dan suku. Sirsak atau nangka belanda misalnya (no. 44 dalam kamus ini), disebut Annona muricata L.; Annona adalah narna marga (genus), muricata adalah nama jenis (species) dan L. adalah singkatan dari narna ahli botani (Linne) yang pertama yang menggambarkan species tersebut. Jenis-jenis ini disusun dalam marga, marga-rnarga ini disusun dalam suku. Srikaya misalnya, tennasuk marga nangka belanda, sedangkan kenanga termasuk marga Cananga. Nama suku botanl (Annonaceae dalam contoh Inl) terbentuk dari kata dasar yang dipinjam dari salah satu rnarga yang dapat mewakili sukunya, dengan akhiran -aceae. Untuk beberapa suku, nama lama yang biasa dipergunakan seperti Palmae untuk Arecaceae atau Graminae untuk Poaceae masih berlaku. Pengelompokan tanaman pada berbagai tingkat Genis. marga, suku) selalu berganti menurut penemuan baru dalam ilmu botanl. Jenis dapat berubah nama, marga dapat disusun ulang, suku baru dapat muncul, sedangkan yang Iain menghilang* ... Membingungkan dan kadang-kadang menjengkelkan bagi orang awam, perubahan nama itu menjadi saksl perkembangan Iimu pengetahuan,jelas bahwa i1mu botani masih jauh dari jangkauan.

* Dalam buku penuntun ini, nama-nama species dipilih dari Prosea basic Iist

(1989) untuk suku yang telah diperiksa oleh ahli; untuk suku yang Iain nama species dipilih dari Flora of Java (1968), dan dikoreksi menurut refisi yang diterbitkan dalam Flora Malesiana dan dalam Indeks Kewensis. Akan tetapi, untuk memudahkan pencarian dalam karya lama, sinonim-sinonim terkenal juga disebut. Untuk suku-suku dan susunnannya, kita mernakai klasifikasi dari Cronquist (1984).

16

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Nama-nama lokallndonesia, Jawa, Sunda

Bahasa indonesia telah dipilih sebagai bahasa nasional di seluruh Nusantara setelah kemerdekaan dan diperkaya dengan bahasa asing dan babasa daerah. Dalam bidang botani sering bahasa Jawa dan Sunda mendomlnasi nama-nama Melayu. Keblasaan lebih kuat dari pada peraturan, maka seringkali sulit untuk ditelusuri darimana asal suatu kata atau bahasa yang mana yang diplnjamantara satu dan lainnya. Kami tidak ingin membuat karya bahasa, maka kami memutuskan, bahlNa sebuah nama tanaman yang berasal dari bahasa Jawa maupun Sunda, tetapi yang umum dipakaJ dalam bahasa Indonesia, maka kami pertimbangkan sebagai bahasa Indonesia. Bahasa Iisan setempat dan aksen daerah tentang tulisan nama lokal dapat menimbulkan permasalahan. Seperti halnya dengan nama Srikaya, Serkaya, Sarikaya semuanya diperuntukkan "Annona squamosa". Dalam bahasa Indonesia ejaannya tidak begitu pasti, indeksnya harus dipergunakan dengan teliti. Hatl-hatl juga pada beberapa nama sepertl"emping" yang dituJukan untuk hasil dari pada pohon "melinjau" atau ''tangkil''. Akan tetapi, kata yang sama yang dipakal dalam bahasa Indonesia, Jawa atau Sunda, dapat mempunyai arti yang berbOOa. Contoh yang terkenal adalah "gOOang" yang berarti pisang dalam bahasa Jawa dan pepaya dalam bahasa Sunda.

Perhatian: tidak selamanya selalu ada hubungan langsung antara nama lokal dan nama i1miah. Misalnya satu nama lokal dapat dipakai untuk menggambarkan beberapa Jenis yang berbeda. Ki baceta dalam bahasa Sunda sekaligus dapat diterapkan untuk Staurogyne e/ongata, Taraxacum officinale dan Clausena excavata. Sebuah nama pada indeks bertalian juga dengan jenis-jenis yang tidak terdaftar di dalam kamus. Dalam hal Iain petani sering memberikan nama yang sama pada seJumlah jenis yang berdekatan atau yang sama penggunaannya. "MOOang" dalam bahasa Indonesia digunakan pada sejumlah besar Jenis dari marga Aiseodaphne, Cinnamomum, Dehaasia, Litsea, dan Phoebe dari suku Lauraceae demikian juga pada marga Dactyloc/adus dari suku Melastomataceae, dan Lophopetalum dari suku Celastraceae. Untuk beberapa tanaman pokok, petani akan membuat perbOOaan yang lebih teliti daripada orang i1miah. Misalnya duku dan langsat digabung dalam satu jenis bagi orang botani.

Keterangan

17

Nama-nama Perancis yang terdaftar dalam kamus Inl terdirl dari nama-nama yang lazim dipakai dalam bahasa Perancis tetapl juga nama-nama daerah-daerah (Reunion, Maurice, Guyana, Antilles, Pasific) terutama yang berhubungan dengan tanaman tropika yang tidak begltu dikenal dl Perancis sendirl.

Nama-nama dalam bahasa Inggris:

Sebagai catatan bahwa nama-nama Perancls tetap berlaku bagl nama-nama Inggris. Dengan luasnya kerajaan Inggrls pada zaman kolonlal dan keterbukaan bahasa Inggris terhadap kata aslng menyebabkan nama ambooloong. balchandl. khuskhus, ramtu/si dan talawrinta dipertimbangkan sebagal nama Inggris oIeh beberapa penulis. Lebih-Iebih penggunaan nama-namaaslng (India. Malaysia, dl!.) beberapa kata lebih keingris-inggrisan diterapkan dengan cara berbeda dllnggrls. Amerika dan Australia.

Penggunaan:

Simbul-simbul yang ditempatkan disebelah kanan memberikan ide penggunaan utama tanaman tercatat. nama-nama Iimiah,

*

,

.!If

t

(.f.~

lNlO

Karbohidrat Cl Buah-buahan ~ Rempah-rempah , Tanaman bergula '" T. merangsang .. Lilin, getah, damar · T. obat-obatan, ~ T. wangi-wangian ~... insektisida Kayu · Kerajinan ~ Lain-Iain (makanan ternak. T. penutup, Kayu api, Pagar)

Sayur-sayuran T. berminyak Tekstil Bahan penyamak, pewarna T. hias

18

Economie Plants of Indonesla

Ucapan terlma kaslh:

Kami mengucapkan banyak terlma kasih terutama kepada Mrs. Genevieve Michon dan Mr. Jean-Marie Bompard atas bantuan yang dlber/kan untuk penyelesalan karya Iimiah Inl. Terima kaslh juga kepada MM. A.J.G.H. Kostermans, Soekotjo Adisoewarno dan M. Bonnett atas kesedlaannya memberikan kata sambutan pada kamus Ini. Kepada Ijun Junaedi, Bapak Hasan, Yayat, Gregory Hambaly dan Plyono yang te/ah melengkapl dan mengoreksllndex dari nama-nama loka!. Ibu Si/vie Harnzah P., Sr/ Hermiaty dan Sri MartanJ yang te/ah menyelesaikan pengetikannya. Mrs Beatrice Nas-Wartelie untuk terjemahan da/am bahasa /nggrls dan Ibu Silvle Hamzah P. untuk terjemahan dalam bahasa indonesla.

Karya Ini ada/ah edisi pertama yang mana akan memperluas khasanahnya meiaiuJ partisipasl dan kritik anda. Jangan ragu untuk memberitahukan kepada kami mengenai perhatian anda.

Tuiisiah kepada: P. Levang dan H. de Foresta, BIOTROP/ORSTOM P.O. Box 17 J/n. Raya Tajur km 6, Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesla.

Keterangan

19

Untuk mengetahul leblh jauh: penjelasan daftar pustaka *

Klasifikasi tanaman

Karya pertama Inl memperkenalkan edlsl terakhir. yang dituJukan bagl tanaman barbunga. Pada karya kedua klta akan menemukan sebuah persembahan umum yang lebih diterlma bagl orang awam, banyak bergambar dan sebaglan basar terdlrl dari tanarnan tropica. Cronqulst, A. (1984). An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. New York. Columbia University Press. Heywood, V.H·· Ed. (1978). Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press.

Buku 'flora

Buku flora setempat sedikit atau tidak berilustrasl. bukan satu penggunaan yang mudah bagl seorang non-botanis. Akan tetapl, apablla aOOa mempunyal sebuah contoh tanaman yang sudah dlketahul nama lokalnya. dengan bantuan kamus aOOa akan meOOapatkan nama Iimiah. Kemudian dapat dibaOOingkan gambaran dari buku flora apakah sesuai dengan contoh tanaman aOOa. Backer, C.A. and R.C. Bakhuizen van den Brink (1963-1968). Flora of Java (Spermatophytes only). Groningen, N.V.P. Noordhoff. Corner, E.J.H". (1988). Wayside Trees of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur. The Malayan Nature Society. Dransfield, J. (1979). A manual of the Rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Kuala Lumpur, Forest Oepartment. Ministry of Primary Industries Malaysia. Whitmore, T.C., Ed. (1983 Vol. 1; Vol. 2). Tree Flora of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur, Longman Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. Ng, F.S.P., Ed. (1978 Vo1.3; 1989 Vol. 4). Tree Flora of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur, Longman Malaysia Sdn. Bhd.

* Sebagian besar dari karya-karya yang dikutip. dapat dikonsultasikan di Bogor.

pada perpustakaan BIOTROP atau Herbarium Bogoriense.

20

Economie Plants of 1 ndonesia

Steeni8 C.G.G.J. van, Ed. (1948-....). Flora Malesiana. Dordrecht 1 Boston 1 London, K1uwer Academie Publishers:

Karya-karya dari penyuluhan botani

Karya-karya berikut ini penuh lIustrasi, membuat kita mengenal sejumlah jenis dan menemukan pokok penggunaan. Fong, C.H. and Y. Hoi-Sen (1978). Malaysian Fruits in Colour. Kuala Lumpur, Tropical Press Sdn. Bhd. MartawiJaya, A., 1. Karta8ujana, et al. (1986). Indonesian Wood Atlas (Vol. 1). Bogor, Departement of Forestry. Forest Products Research and Development Centre. Martawijaya, A., 1. Karta8ujana, et al. (1989). Atlas Kayu Indonesia (Vol. 2). Bogor, Departemen Kehutanan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan. Piggott, A. G. and C. J. Piggot (1988). Ferns ofMalaysia in Colour. Kuala Lumpur, Tropical Press Sdn. Bhd. Polunin, 1. (1988). Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur, Times Editions. Suryowinoto, M. (1987). Mengenal Anggrek A/am Indonesia. Jakarta, P.T. Penebar Swadaya. Teo, C.K.H. (1985). Native Orchids of Peninsula Malaysia. Singapore, Times Books 1 nternational. Whitmore, T.C. (1973). Palms of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur, Oxford University Press. Daftar ini, harus ditambahkan seri buku bergambar mengenai tanaman dari Indonesia, yang diterbitkan di Herbarium Bogoriense oleh Lembaga Biologi Nasional dan L1PI, diantaranya dapat kita kutip: Anggrek (LBN 1, LBN 15), Jenis-jenis Bambu (LBN 4), Tanaman Hias (LBN 5), Sayur-sayuran (LBN 6), Ubi-ubian (LBN 7), Buah-buahan (LBN 8), Tanaman Industri (LBN 10), Tumbuhan Obat (LBN 11), Palem Indonesia (LBN 13), Jenis-jenis Kayu (LBN 14, LBN 19, LBN 26), Tanaman Pekarangan (LBN 16), Jenis-jenis Paku (LBN 17, LBN 33), Tumbuhan air (LBN 23), Tanaman Pagar (LBN 26)... Akhirnya, harus ditujukan keberadaan dari keempat karya bergambar, betul-betul tercurahkan pada tanaman hias; yang pertama dari karya Ini adalah sebuah penuntun dengan nilai besar bagi pencinta tanaman yang ingin mengetahui seluk-beluk mengenai tanaman tropika. Lotschert, W. and G. Beese (1988). Collins Guide to Tropical Plants. London, William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. Graf, A.B. (1973). Exotica. New York, Roehrs Company Incorporated. Daftar Pustaka

21

Bruggeman, L (1971). Tropical Plants and their cultivation. London, Thames and Hudson. Menninger, E.A., Ed. (1970). Flowering Vines of the World. An Encyclopedia of Climblng Plants. New York, Heartside Press Incorporated.

Kamus

Kedua karya yang pertama hanya mengenai tanaman Indonesia, kemudian meluas pada semua tanaman yand dlpakal dl seluruh dunla. Kedua kamus terakhir, melalui keterangan-keterangan yang diberikan mengenal asalnya, penyebaran dan penggunaan tanaman, membentuk masatransisi dengan karya-karya dari bab berikut ini: Afriastini, J.J. (1985). Daftar Nama Tanaman. Penebar Swadaya. Filet, G.J. (1888). Plantkundig Woordenboek voor Nederlandsch-Indie. Amsterdam, J.H. de Bussy. Gerth, H.I. van Wijk (1971). A Dictionary of Plant Names. Amsterdam, A. Asher & Co., Vaals. Haensch, G. and G. Haberkamp de Anton (1975). Dictionary of Agriculture. German / English / French / Spanish / Russian. Amsterdam / Oxford / New York. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company. Uphof, J.C.T. (1968). Dictionary of Economie Plants. Lehre, Verlag von J. Cramer. Usher, G. (1974). A Dictionary of Plants used by man. London, Constable and Company Ltd.

Penggunaan tanaman

Beberapa karya umum, seluruhnya bergambar: Hill, A.F. (1978). Economie Botany. New-Delhi, Tata McGraw-HiII Publishing Company Ltd. Messiaen, C.M. (1974). Le Potager Tropical. Paris, Presses Universitaires de France. Purseglove, J.W. (1978). Tropical Crops: Monocotyledons. London, The English Language Book Society and Longman. Purseglove, J.W. (1984). Tropical Crops: Dicotyledons. London, The English Language Book Society and Longman.

22

Economic Plants of 1 ndonesia

Karya berikut ini, pembaca diharapkan dengan penuh semangat, membentuk sebuah sumber yang berharga mengenai tanaman yang berguna di wilayah Asia Tenggara: Burkill, I.H. (1935). A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. London, Oxford University Press. Heyne, K. (1950). De Nuttige Planten van Indonesie. Wageningen, Heyne, K. (1987). Tumbuhan Berguna Indonesia. Departemen Kehutanan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan. Ochse, J.J. (1931). Fruits and Fruitculture in the Dutch East Indies. Batavia; G. Kollf& Co. Ochse, J.J and R.C. Bakhulzen van den Brink (1977). Vegetables of the Dutch East Indies. Canberra, Australian National University Press. Akhirnya, harus kita umumkan karya sudah terbit dan diterbitkan dalam rangka proyek PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia); tujuan dari proyek internasional Ini, yang berkantor regional di Herbarium Bogoriense, adalah mengumpulkan data bibliografi dan menerbitkan sebuah ensiklopedia dalam beberapa volume yang dikhususkan pada tanaman dari wilayah Asia Tenggara. Lemmens, R.H.M.J., P.C.M. Jansen, et al., Ed. (1989). Plant Resources of South-East Asia. Basic list of species and commodity grouping. Version 1. Wageningen, Proses project. Maesen, L.J.G. van der and S. Somaatmadja, Ed. (1989). Plant Resources of South-East Asia. tfJ. 1: Pulses. Wageningen, Pudoc/Prosea

Daftar Pustaka

23

Avertissement

Avertissement:'

Encore un dictionnaire?

Comment appelle-t-on cette plante? Apa namanya? Expatriés découvrant la richesse de la flore locale.... Indonésiens désirant transmettre votre connaissance du monde végétal... étudiants, chercheurs, ce dictionnaire s'adresse à vous. Ce manuel tente de combler le fossé entre dictionnaires classiques, souvent imprécis quant aux noms scientifiques, et ouvrages spécialisés peu compréhensibles par des profanes. Qui plus est, les ouvrages les plus intéressants sur les plantes utiles d'Indonésie datent souvent de l'époque coloniale et ne sont plus disponibles que dans des bibliothèques spécialisées (voir chapitre: pour ceux qui veulent en savoir plus). Il Y a deux manières de découvrir la flore indonésienne. La première et la plus rigoureuse est de vous initier au vocabulaire botanique, de vous procurer une loupe binoculaire, les flores existantes, de vous armer de patience et de déterminer vous-même le genre et l'espèce de vos échantillons. L'autre manière, moins sare mals plus agréable et surtout plus rapide, est de tirer parti de l'extraordinaire connaissance botanique du paysan indonésien. Si vous optez pour cette deuxième solution, ce petit livre vous sera d'une grande utilité. Tout auteur de dictionnaire souhaite réaliser un ouvrage aussi complet que possible. La phase de compilation bibliographique (10 ans en ce qui nous concerne) ne semble jamais vouloir s'arrêter. L'on se retrouve rapidement avec des milliers de noms de plantes, des dizaines de milliers de noms vernaculaires et autant d'incertitudes et de risques d'erreur. Dans une deuxième phase, un souci de cohérence et de maniabilité pousse à éliminer un grand nombre de plantes jugées secondaires. Une troisième phase consiste bien entendu à réintégrer des plantes finalement pas si secondaires que celà. Il arrive un moment où il faut trancher. Nous avons donc choisi de nous limiter aux principales espèces d'intérêt économique. En raison des ouvrages de référence disponibles, le dictionnaire couvre surtout l'aire géographique de l'fle de Java. Certaines plantes d'intérêt économique local en dehors de Java manquent sans doute à l'appel.

Avertissement

27

Organisation et utilisation du dictionnaire:

Le corps du dictionnaire compte 728 espèces numérotées, réparties en 139 familles et présentées par ordre alphabétique. Le nom scientifique de l'espèce en caractères gras est suivi du nom de l'auteur en Italiques. Suivent ensuite les noms vernaculaires: "1" pour l'Indonésien, "J" pour le Javanais, "S" pour le Soundanais, "F" pour le Français, et "E" pour l'Anglais. Les Icônes rappellent les utilisations principales de la plante en question. Trois index des noms vernaculaires renvoient au corps du dictionnaire pour la recherche des correspondances. Un Index des noms scientifiques précise l'appartenance aux familles botaniques. Les noms scientifiques: espèces et familles. A l'aide d'un exemple, nous rappelons brièvement comment sont composés les noms scientifiques des espèces et des familles. Le "corossol" (no. 44 dans le présent dictionnaire) est désigné sous le vocable Annona muricata L.; Annona est le nom de genre, murlcata est le nom d'espèce, et L. est l'abréviation du nom du botaniste (Unné) ayant le premier décrit cette espèce. Les espèces sont classées en genres, qui eux même sont regroupés en familles: la pomme-cannelle fait partie du même genre que le corossol, alors que 1'y1ang-y1ang est rattachée au genre Cananga. Le nom des familles botaniques (Annonaceae dans cet exemple) est formé d'un radical emprunté à un genre caractéristique de la famille, terminé par le suffixe -aceae. Pour certaines familles, d'anciens noms d'usage courant sont également utilisés, Palmae pour Arecaceae ou Graminae pour Poaceae par exemple. Le regroupement des plantes aux différents niveaux (espèces, genres, familles, pour ne citer que les principaux...) change continuellement en fonction des nouvelles découvertes botaniques. Des espèces changent de nom, des genres sont remaniés, des familles apparaissent alors que d'autres disparaissent*... Déconcertante et quelque peu Irritante pour le profane, cette valse des étiquettes

*

Dans cet ouvrage, les noms d'espèces retenus sont ceux de la liste de base du projet Prosea (1989), pour les familles révisées par des spécialistes; pour les autres familles, les noms retenus sont ceux de la Flora of Java (1968), corrigés en fonction des révisions publiées ultérieurement dans la Flora Malesiana et dans l'Index Kewensls. Néanmoins, pour faciliter les recherches dans les ouvrages anciens, les synonymes d'usage courant sont signalés. Pour les familles et leur composition, la classification suivie est celle établie par Cronquist (1984). Economic Plants of Indonesia

28

témoigne du progrès constant des connaissances et montre bien que la botanique est loin d'être une science achevée.

Les noms indonésiens, javanais, soundanais. L'Indonésien, choisi comme langue nationale pour l'ensemble de l'archipel après . l'indépendance s'est enrichi de nombreux apports étrangers et locaux. En matière de botanique, les apports soundanais et Javanais l'emportent souvent sur les appellations melayu. L'usage faisant loi, il est parfois difficile de retrouver l'origine d'un nom et de savoir quelle langue a emprunté à l'autre. Ne voulant pas faire oeuvre de linguistes, nous avons admis qu'un nom de plante d'origine soundanaise ou javanaise, mais couramment utilisé en Indonésien pouvait être considéré comme étant indonésien. Indonésien, Javanais et Soundanals sont des langues différentes, ne l'oubliez pas. Si parfois le même mot est utilisé dans les trois langues, II ne s'applique pas toujours à la même plante; gedang par exemple, désIgne le bananier en Javanais et le papayer en Soundanais. En raison de parlers locaux et accents régionaux, les transcriptions de noms vernaculaires peuvent poser problème. Ainsi les noms de: Srikaya, Serkaya, Sarikaya se rapportent tous à la pomme cannelle. L'orthographe n'étant pas fixée en Indonésien, l'index doit être utilisé avec précaution. Attention également a certains noms désignant la plante entière, d'autres ne se référant qu'à une partie de la plante, voire à une utilisation particulière. Emping par exemple ne s'applique qu'aux fruits de la plante melinjo. Attention: il n'y a pas toujours correspondance univoque entre nom vernaculaire et nom scientifique. Ainsi un même nom vernaculaire peut servir à désigner des espèces différentes. Ki baceta en Soundanais s'applique à la fois à Staurogyne e/ongata, Taraxacum officinale et Clausena excavata. Un nom de l'index peut également se référer à une espèce non répertoriée dans le dictionnaire. Dans d'autres cas le paysan regroupe sous la même appellation un grand nombre d'espèces voisines ou de même utilisation. Medang en Indonésien est appliqué à un grand nombre d'espèces des genres A1seodaphne, Cinnamomum, Dehaasia, Litsea et Phoebe de la famille des Lauraceae ainsi qu'au genre Dactylocladus de la famille des Melastomataceae, et Lophopetalum de la famille des Celastraceae. Pour certaines plantes utiles, le paysan fera des distinctions plus précises que le scientifique en attribuant des noms différents à des variétés de plantes appartenant à la même espèce. La distinction entre duku et langsat, par exemple, ne s'Impose pas nécessairement pour un botaniste.

Avertissement

29

Les noms français: Les noms français répertoriés dans le dictionnaire comprennent des noms courants dans la langue française mals aussi des noms régionaux (Réunion, Maurice, Guyane, Antilles, Pacifique), surtout en ce qui concerne les plantes tropicales peu connues en métropole. Les noms anglais:

La remarque faite pour les noms français reste valable pour les noms anglais.

L'extension de l'Empire colonial britannique et·l'ouverture de la langue anglaise aux emprunts de l'étranger font que pour certains auteurs ambooloong, baichandi, khuskhus, ramtulsi et talawrlnta sont considérés comme des noms anglais. En plus des emprunts aux langues étrangères (indiennes, malaises, etc...), certains noms d'origine plus britannique s'emploient de manière différente au Royaume-Uni, aux Etats-Unis ou en Australie.

L'utilisation: Les icônes, placées à droite des noms scientifiques, donnent une idée quant à l'utilisation principale des plantes répertoriées. Cette liste n'est bien entendu pas exhaustive.

...

Fruits et noix Epices ~ Saccharifères ~ Cires, gommes, Médicinales et résines insecticides Textiles Stimulantes ~ Bois Artisanat Divers (fourage, couverture, bois de feu, haie...)

~ Amylacées

,

a

t

&

·

·

·

Légumes B Oléifères ~ Tannifères et tinctoriales Parfums ~ Ornementales

.

a

30

Economie Plants of Indonesla

Remerciements:

Nous tenons à remercier tout particulièrement Mme Geneviève Michon et M. Jean-Marie Bompard pour l'aide apportée à la réalisation de cet ouvrage. Merci également à MM. A.J.G.H. Kostermans, SoekotjoAdisoewamo et M. Bonneff pour avoir accepté de préfacer ce dictionnaire. MM. 'jun Junaedl, Bapak Hasan, Yayat, Gregory Hambaly et Plyono ont complété et corrigé l'Index des noms vernaculaires. Mmes Silvle Hamzah P., Srle Hermlaty et Sri Martanl ont assuré la dactylographie. Mmes Béatrice Nas-Wartelle et Silvie Hamzah se sont chargées de la traduction des commentaires, respectivement en Anglais et en Indonésien.

Cet ouvrage est une première édition que nous espérons enrichir et corriger grâce

à vos contributions et critiques. N'hésitez pas à nous faire part de vos remarques.

Ecrivez à: P. Levang et H. de Foresta, BIOTROP/ORSTOM P.O. Box 17 Jin. Raya Tajur km 6, Bogor, Jawa Barat, Indonesia.

Avertissement

31

Pour en savoir plus: bibliographie commentée *

Classification des plantes

Le premier ouvrage ci-dessous représente la dernière tentative en date de mise en ordre, appliquée aux plantes à fleurs. Dans le deuxième ouvrage, on trouvera une présentation générale du monde végétal, plus accessible au non-botaniste, copieusement illustrée, et faisant une large part aux plantes tropicales. Cronquist, A. (1984). An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants. New York, Columbia University Press. Heywood, V.H., Ed. (1978). Flowering Plants of the World. Oxford University Press.

Flores

Les flores de la région, peu ou pas illustrées, ne sont pas d'un usage facile pour un non-botaniste. Néanmoins, si vous disposez d'un échantillon de plante, de son nom local et, grâce au dictionnaire, de sa correspondance scientifique, vous pourrez vérifier si la description donnée par les flores s'applique à votre échantillon. Backer, C.A. and R.C. Bakhuizen van den Brink (1963-1968). Flora of Java (Spermatophytes only). Groningen, N.V.P. Noordhoff. Corner, E.J.H. (1988). Wayside Trees of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur. The Malayan Nature Society. Dransfield, J. (1979). A manual of the Rattans of the Malay Peninsuia. Kuala Lumpur, Forest Department, Ministry of Primary Industries Malaysia. Whitmore, T.C., Ed. (1983 Vol.1; Vol. 2). Tree Flora of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur, Longman Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. Ng, F.S.P., Ed. (1978 Vo1.3; 1989 Vol. 4). Tree Flora of Malaya. Kuala Lumpur, Longman Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. Steenis C.G.G.J. van, Ed. (1948-....). Flora Maiesiana. Dordrecht / Boston i London, K1uwer Academie Publishers:

* La plupart des ouvrages cités ci-après peuvent être consultés à Bogor, à la bibliothèque du BIOTROP ou à celle de l'Herbarium Bogoriense.

32

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Ouvrages de vulgarisation botanique

Les ouvrages suivants, abondamment illustrés, vous permettront de reconnaitre de nombreuses espèces et de découvrir leurs principaux usages. Fong, C.H. and Y. Hoi-Sen (1978). Ma/aysian Fruits in Colour. Kuala Lumpur, Tropical Press Sdn. Bhd. Martawijaya, A., 1. Kartasujana, et al. (1986). Indonesian Wood Atlas (Vol. 1). Bogor, Departement of Forestry. Forest Products Research and Development Centre. Martawijaya, A., 1. Kartasujana, et al. (1989).Atlas Kayu Indonesia (Vol. 2). Bogor, Departemen Kehutanan. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan. Piggott, A. G. and C. J. Piggot (1988). Ferns ofMalaysIa in Colour. Kuala Lumpur, Tropical Press Sdn. Bhd. Polunin, 1. (1988). Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur, Times Editions. Suryowinoto, M. (1987). Mengenal Anggrek A/am Indonesia. Jakarta, P.T. Penebar Swadaya. Teo, C.K.H. (1985). Native Orchids of Peninsula Malaysia. Singapore, Times Books International. Whitmore, T.C. (1973). Pa/ms of Ma/aya. Kuala Lumpur, Oxford University Press. A cette liste, il faut ajouter la série de fasicules illustrés sur les plantes d'Indonésie, éditée à l'Herbarium Bogoriense par le Lembaga Biologi Nasional et le L1PI, parmi lesquels on peut citer: Anggrek (LBN l, LBN 15), Jenis-jenis Bambu (LBN 4), Tanaman Hias (LBN 5), Sayur-sayuran (LBN 6), Ubi-ubian (LBN 7), Buah-buahan (LBN 8), Tanaman Industri (LBN 10), Tumbuhan Obat (LBN 11), Pa/em Indonesia (LBN 13), Jenis-jenis Kayu (LBN 14, LBN 19, LBN 26), Tanaman Pekarangan (LBN 16), Jenis-jenis Paku (LBN 17, LBN 33), Tumbuhan air (LBN 23), Tanaman Pagar (LBN 26)... Enfin, il faut signaler l'existence de quatre ouvrages illustrés, consacrés essentiellement aux plantes ornementales; le premier de ces ouvrages est un petit guide de grande valeur pour l'amateur désireux de s'initier à la reconnaissance des plantes tropicales. Lotschert, W. and G. Beese (1988). Collins Guide to Tropical Plants. London, William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. Graf, A.B. (1973). Exotica. New York, Roehrs Company Incorporated. Bruggeman, L. (1971). Tropical Plants and their cultivation. London, Thames and Hudson. Menninger, E.A., Ed. (1970). Flowering Vines of the World. An Encyclopedia of Climbing Plants. New York, Heartside Press Incorporated. Bibliographie

33

Dictionnaires

Les deux premiers ouvrages concernent uniquement les plantes indonésiennes; les suivants élargissent leur champs aux noms des plantes utilisées de par le monde. Les deux derniers dictionnaires, par les renseignements donnés sur l'origine, la distribution et l'utilisation des plantes, forment transition avec les ouvrages de la section suivante. Afriastlnl, J.J. (1985). Daitar Nama Tanaman. Penebar Swadaya. filet, G.J. (1888). Plantkundig Woordenboek voor Nederlandsch-Indie. Amsterdam, J.H. de Bussy. Gerth, H.I. van Wijk (1971). A Dictionary of Plant Names. Amsterdam, A. Asher & Co., Vaals. Haensch, G. and G. Haberkamp de Anton (1975). Dictionary of Agriculture. German / English / French / Spanish / Russian. Amsterdam / Oxford / New York. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company. Uphof, J.C.T. (1968). Dictionary of Economie Plants. Lehre, Verlag von J. Cramer. Usher, G. (1974). A Dictionary of Plants used by man. London, Constable and Company Ltd.

Utilisation des plantes

Quelques ouvrages généraux, tous illustrés: Hill, A.f. (1978). Economie Botany. New-Delhi, Tata McGraw-HiII Publishing Company Ltd. Messiaen, C.M. (1974). Le Potager Tropical. Paris, Presses Universitaires de France. Purseglove, J.W. (1978). Tropical Crops: Monocotyledons. London, The English Language Book Society and Longman. Purseglove, J.W. (1984). Tropical Crops: Dicotyledons. London, The English Language Book Society and Longman. Les ouvrages suivants, dont la lecture est vivement recommandée, constituent une véritable mine de renseignements sur les plantes de la région. Burkill, I.H. (1935). A Dictionary of the Economie Products of the Malay Peninsula. London, Oxford University Press. Heyne, K. (1950). De Nuttige Planten van Indonesie. Wageningen,

34

Economic Plants of 1 ndonesia

Heyne, K. (1987). Tumbuhan Berguna Indonesia. Departemen Kehutanan. Badan Penelitlan dan Pengembangan Kehutanan. Ochse, J.J. (1931). Fruits and Fruitculture in the Dutch East Indies. Batavia, G. Kollf&Co. Ochse, J.J and R.e. Bakhuizen van den Brink (1977). Vegetables of the Dutch East Indies. Canberra, Australian National University Press. Enfin, il faut signaler les ouvrages déjà parus et à paraftre dans le cadre du projet PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asla); l'objectif de ce projet Intemational; dont le bureau régional se trouve à l'Herbarlum Bogorlense, est la constitution d'une base de données bibliographiques ainsi que l'édition d'une "encyclopédie" en plusieurs volumes consacrée aux plantes utiles de la région indo-malaise, Lemmens, R.H.M.J., p.e.M. Jansen, et a!., Ed. (1989). Plant Resources of South-East Asia. Basic list of spec/es and commodity grouping. Version 1. Wageningen, Prosea project. Maesen, LJ.G. van der and S. Somaatmadja, Ed. (1989). Plant Resources of South-East Asla. 1: Pulses. Wageningen, Pudoc/Prosea

rvo.

Bibliographie

35

Dlctionary

Kamus

Dictionnaire

Acanthaceae

1. Barleria Spp.

1 : Landep, Bunga landak; J: Landik, Sujen trus, Landep; S: Landep, Jarong, Kembang landep; F: Barrelière, Jasmin des Indes; E: Percufine flower

~

t

000

2. 3.

Gendarussa vulgaris Nees

1: Gandarusa; J: Tetean, Gondarusa, Trus; S: Handarusa;

t

F : Natchoul/; E:

Graptophyllum pietum (L.) Griff.

~ ·

t

llIlI

1: Daun wungu, Pudlng; J: Demung, Tulak, Wungu; S: Temen-temen handeuleum, Handeuleum, Daun ungu; F: Carmantine peinte; E : Carrlcature plant

4.

Hemigraphis alternata (Burm.f.) T. Anders. t J!f (syn.: H. colorata Hall.f.) 1: Binalu api:; J: Kecibeling, Sambang getih, Sarap; S: Remek daging,

Reundeu beureum; F:; E:

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Pararuellia napifera (Zoll.) Bremek. t (syn.: Ruellia n. Zoll. & Mor. ) 1: Kecibeling; J:,. S: Ki beling; F: Ruellie, Crustolle; E: Spirit weed Sanchezia nobilis Hook.f. ~ 10 1: Kadok gajah; J:; S: KI sabun, Ki weureu; F:; E: Staurogyne elongata (BI.) O.K. t & 1: Kaheji, KeJI; J: Godong keji, Kej;; S: Reundeu, Ki baceta(h); F:; Strobilanthes crispus (L.) Bremek. ~ 1 : Pecahbeling, Picahbeling; J: Kecibeling, Enyoh kelo; S: Ki beling, Thunbergla spp. ~ t 0110 1: Akar ulan, A. patut tuau, Daun patok t., Rumput melian, Lana; J:; S : Areuy patuk manuk, Areuy tuweuw; F: Thunbergie; E: Sky flower,

Blue trumpet vine, Bengal clockvine, Laurel c., Blackeyed c., White c. Pecah beling; F:; E: Cone head

E:

Agavaceae

10. 11. 12. Agave cantala Roxb. · ~ 1: Nanas belanda, N. kosta, N. sabrang; J: Nanas sabrang; S: Danas sabrang, Ganas sabrang; F: Cantala; E: Cantala, Maguey Agave sisalana Perrine 8 1: Sisal Jawa, Slklok; J:; S: Danas puru; F: Sisal; E: Sisal hemp,

~ & 1: Hanjuang, AnJuang, Andong, Lenjuang; J: Andong-andong, Endong; S : Hanju(w)ang; F: Dragonnier de Chine, Cordyline; E: Palm liIy, Club palm, Good-Iuck plant, Tree-of-Kings

Sisal agave, Yaxci

t ·

Cordyline fruticosa Back.

t ·

Dlctlonary

39

13.

14. 15.

Dracaena spp. t ~ 1: Drasena, Anjuang; J:; S: Hanju(w)ang; F: Dracaena, Dragonnier; E : Dracaena, Dragon plant Pleomele angustlfolla N.E.Brown t & If ~ 1: Daun sujl, Jejuang bukit, Pedusta hutan, Jingkang; J: Semar; S : Jingkang, Sujl, Hanju(w)ang merak; F:; E: Sansevieria trifasclata Praln · t ~ 1: Lldah mertua, L buaya; J:; S: KI lolo, Letah bayawak, L buhaya; F : Sansevière, Sanseviera; E: Bowstrlng hemp, Leopard Illy

Alzoaceae

18.

17.

Sesuvium portulacastrum (L.) L. & .. 1: Gelang laut, G. pasir, G. tanah, Bunga India; J: Gelang pasir; S : Gelang, G.laut, Kembang gelang; F:; E: Samphlre, Seaslde purs/ane, Seap. Tetragonia tetragonloldes (Pallas) O.K. & 1: Kabak; J:; S: Kabak; F: Epinard de Nouvelle-Zélande, Tétragone cornue, Sésuvie faux-pourpier; E: New-Zealand splnach, Prollfic s.

Alismataceae

18.

19.

Saglttaria saglttifolla L. Jt ., ~ .. 1: Bia-bia; J:; S: Bea-bea, Eceng; F: Flèche d'eau, Fléchlère, Sagittaire, Sagette, Queue d'-aronde, Q. d'hirondelle; E: Swamp patata, Swan patata, Adder's tangue, Arrowhead, Swan raot, Water archer, Water Illy, Wax f10wer Sagittaria spp. · Jt ~ 1: Bia-bia; J:; S: Eceng; F: Fléchière, Sagittaire, Sagette; E: Adder's tangue, Arrow-head

Aloeacea

20. Aloe spp. ., 1: Udah buaya; J:; S: Letah buhaya; F: Aloès; E: A1oe, Crocodile's tangue

Amaranthaceae

21.

22.

40

Alternanthera teneUa Colla III ~ (syn.: A. ficoidea Sm.; A. amoena Voss.) 1: Bayam merah; J: Kecicak abang; S: Jukut jatinangor, Bayem beureum, Jawer hayam; F: Alternante (esp.); E: Ceylan grass, Rabblt meat Alternanthera sessllls (L.) OC. t & 1: Daun tala. keremak, D. kermak, Bayam putih, Daun rusa, Sayur udang;

Economie Plants of Indonesia

J: Bayem kremah, Matean, Keremi, Keremah; S: Kerernek, Daun tolod, ToIod, Letah hayarn; F: Brède d'emballage, Herbed'e., Brèdechevrette; 23. Amaranthus hybridus L. $ ~ 1: Bayarn selasih; J: Bayem keyong, B. abang; S: Senggang bener, S. beureurn, S. bodas, Bayern salasi; F: Brède de Malabar, Fotete; E : Slirn arnaranth $ Amaranthus lividus L. 1: Bayarn itik, B. rnonyet, B. putih; J: Bayem lemah, B. menir, B. itik, B. dempo, B. sapi; S: Bayern lernah, B. hayarn, B. bodas, B. tanah, B. tai sapl, Senggang Itik; F: Amaranthe (esp.); E: Arnaranth (sp.), Wild blite, African spinach Amaranthus spinosus L. t $ 8llll 1: Bayarn durl, B. hutan, Bayaduri; J: Bayem raja, B. eri, Cikron; S : Senggang cucuk, Bayern cucuk; F: Blette épineuse, Brède malabare, Epinard épineux, Pariétaire piquante; E: Careless weed, Prickly calalu(e), Thorny arnaranth Amaranthus tricolor L. $ t ~. . ~ 1 : Bayarn rnerah, B. gelatik, B. kakap; J: Bayem abang, B. sekul, B. lemah, B. ringgit, B. siti, B. abrit, B. kakap; S: Senggang beureurn; F : Amaranthe tricolore, Jalousie; E: Arnaranth tricolor Celosia argentea L. ~ $ t 1 : Boroco, Cuca, Jengger ayarn, Bayarn ekor belanda; J: Bayem cenggeng, Jengger ayam, J. rumpuk; S: Baroko, Sangseri, Jawer hayarn, J. kotok, Bayern biludu. Rara ayarn; F: Crête de coq, Avounvo, Passe-ve/ours, Cé/osie; E: Quailgrass. Cock's comb Cyathula prostrata (L.) BI. t 1: Bayarn pasir. Rurnput jarang-jarang; J: Kendiran, Upan-upan, Rendet banyu, Ranggitan; S: Bayern pasir; F:; E: Sand spinach Deeringia amaranthoides (Lam.) Me". t $ 1: Bayarn besar, B. duhur. B. pohon; J: Banci; S: Banci leer, Pancal luhur, Senggang tangkal, Tangtang angin; F:; E: Gomphrena globosa L. ~ $ 1: Ratnapakaya. Ratna; J: Adas-adasan, Gundul; S: Ratnapakaya; F : Amarantine globuleuse, A. violette, Gomphrène globuleuse, Immortelle g., Bouton de bachelier; E: Globe arnaranth. French clover, Bachelor's buttons, Everlasting flower Iresine herbstii Hook.f. ~ ~... 1: Bayarn rnerah; J:; S: Gandola; F: Irésine; E: Iresine. Blood-Ieat

E:

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

31.

Anacardiaceae

32. Anacardium occidentale L. e $ , t .J 1: Jarnbu mente, J. rnonyet. J. parang, Gajus; J: Jambu mete; S: Jarnbu rnede, J. siki; F: Anacardier, Noix de cajou, Acajou; E: Cashew-nut tree, Goa alrnond, Acajou, Cadju. Cajou

41

a

::r rr

Dlctionary

33.

34.

Bouea macrophylla Griff. r~:~ & , t 1: Gandaria, Gandariah, Gundangan, Kundangan; J: Gandaria; S : Gan(d)aria, Jatake, Jantake; F:; E: Gandaria, Kadongan Dracontomelon spp. & , t r.f.~ 1 : Rau, Dahu, Sengkuang; J: Rau; S: Dahu; F: Noyer de /a Nelle Guinée, Pa/dao; E: New-Guinea walnut, Paldao, Pacifie walnut

a

a

35.

Gluta renghas L.

!f:~

a .. t

36.

37.

1: Renghas, Rengas; J: Rengas tembaga, /ngas, /. tembaga; S : Reunghas; F: Rengas; E: Rengas Lannea coromandelica (Hourt.) Merr. ~ & r~~ W 1: Kayu kuda, Jaran; J: Kayu jaran, Kajeng kapa/, Kayu santen, Wit kuda; S : Ki kuda, Ki jaran; F: Jhintang, Wodier; E: Wodier tree, Jimgan, Kashmal, Wuda Mangifera caesia Jack ex Wall. & , r.~:~ .. 1: Binjai, Mangga b., Kemang, Binglo putih; J:; S: Binglu, Kemang; F:; E: Bauno, Binjai

t

Ir ·

t

a

38.

Mangifera foetida Lour.

a ...

t

r.~:~

39.

1: Embacang, Bacang, Asam bawang, Mangga bacang, Membacang; J : Bawang, Pake/; S: Limus, L. tipung; F: Manguier fétide; E: Horse mango, Grey mango, Bachang mango Mangifera indica L. & r.f.~ W ~... .. 1: Mangga, Mempelam, Pauh; J: Pelem, Poh; S: Manggah; F: Manguier; E: Mango tree, Common mango

a

t

40.

41.

Mangifera odorats Griff.

1: Kwini, Kueni, Kuini, Kuwini, Kweni, Kebembem, Gandarasa; J: Kweni, Kuweni; S: Bembem, Kaweni; F:; E: Kwinl, Kurwini mango Spondias dulcis So/and ex Park. & !f~ ..

a t

r.~:~

(syn.: S. cytherea Sonnerat) 1: Kedondong jawa, K. manis; J: Dondong, Kedondong, Kedongdong; S : Kadondong, Kadongdong; F: Evi, Prunier d'Amérique, Pommier de Cythère, Prunier de C.; E: Jew plum, Ambarella, Wi-apple, Hevi, Great

42.

a

_,

Spondias mombin L. .!Il' "l'~ I! 'V III 1: Kedondong kecil; J:; S: Kadongdong sebrang, K. cina, K. pare, K. cucuk; F: Prune mombine; E: Yellow mombin, Jamaica plum, Golden

apple, Hog plum, Jobo

hog plum, Ivi, Otaheite apple

a

"' .·

43.

Spondias pinnata (L.f.) Kurz , & t r.~:~ ~... .. 1 : Kedondong hutan; J: Kedongdong, K/oncing; S: Kadongdong haseum, K. leuweung, K. monyet; F:; E: Hog plum

a

Annonaceae

44. Annona muricata L.

1 : Sirsak, Sursak, Nangka belanda, Durian b" D. betawi; J: Nangka /ondo, N. Mani/a, N. sabrang; S: Nangka walanda, Sirsak, Mandalika, Manalika; F: Corossolier, Cachiman épineux; E: Soursop, Corossol, Guanabana, Sower apple, S. sop, Custard apple 42 Economie Plants of Indonesia

a

~

·

t · III

45.

46.

47.

48.

Annona reticulata L. <j t ~~~ ~.. 1: Buah nona, Nona kapri, Jambu nona, Lonang, Lonan; J: Malowa, Kemulwa, Mulwa, Kluwa, Manowa, Menuwa, Menowan, Kanowa; S : Buah nona, Manowa, Nona; F: Cachiman, Anone, Coeur de boeuf, Mamilier, Petit corossol; E: Bulloek's heart, Sweet sop, True eustard apple, Ox heart, Corazon Annona squamosa L. Cl tri ... t ~ 000 ~.. .. 1: Srikaya. Serikaya; J: Srikaya, Surikaya, Srikawis, Serkaya; S : Sarikaya, Srikaya, Sarirasa; F: Attier, Anone écailleuse, Pomme cannelle, Marie baise; E: Custard apple, Scaly e. a., Sugar a., Sweetsop, Prieklyapple Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thoms. ~ t r.f·~ · ~ 800 1: Kenanga; J: Kenanga, Kananga, Wangsa; S: Kananga; F: Ylang-ylang, Cananga, Aguillon, A1anguillan, Bois de banane; E : Ylang-ylang, Ilang-ilang Stelechocarpus burahol Hook.f. & Th. <j r.f·~ 1:; J: Kepe/, Kecindul, Cindul, Simpo/; S: Burahol, Turalak; F:; E:

Aplaceae ! Umbelliferae

49. Apium graveolens L. & , ~ t 800 1: SelOOri, SelOOeri, Seladeri, Seldri, Daun sup; J: Sederi, Seledri; S : SalOOri, Saladri, Sadri; F: Céleri, Ache; E: Celery, Aeh(e), Marsh parsley Carum carvi L. , ~ t 800 1: Jintan; J: Jinten; S: Jinten; F: Carvi, Cumin des prés, Anis bâtard; E: Caraway Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. t & ~ DIlO 1: Daun kaki kuda, Pegagan, Penggaga; J: Ganggagan, Kerok batok, Calingan rambat, Rendeng, Cowek gompe/, Gagan-gagan; S: Antanan gOOe, A. biasa, A. rambat, Kurawet galeng; F:; E: Indian pennywort, Centella Coriandrum sativum L. , ~ t 800 1: Ketumbar, Katumbar; J: Katumbar, Tumbar, Penjelang; S: Tumbar, Katunear. Tunear, Tangoh; F: Coriandre; E: Coriander, Cellender Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) OC. & t ~ 1: SelOOri Jepang; J:; S: SalOOri Jepang, Sadri J.; F:; E: Honewort Cuminum cyminum L. , ~ '1 1: Jintan putih; J: Jinten putih; S: Jinten bodas; F: Cumin, Faux aneth, Anis âcre; E: Cum(m)in Daucus carota L. & ~ ~.. t 1: Wortel, Bortel, Bortol, Vortel; J: Wortel, Werte/, Borto/, Werto/; S : Bortol, Boktel; F: Carotte; E: Carrot Eryngium foetidum L. , & ~ t 1: Walangi, Walangan, Ketumbar Jawa; J: Jintenan, Katumbar londo, Katumar mungsi, Tumbaran; S: Katunear walanda, Walang katunear,

50. 51.

52. 53. 54. 55. 56.

Dietionary

43

57. 58.

59.

60.

61.

62. 63.

W. anjing, W. sengit, W. geni; F: Herbe de fer, Eryngion fétide, Chardon-étoile, Panicaut fétide; E: Fit weed, Stinking sharewort Foeniculum vulgare Mill. , & ~ t 1: Adas, A. pedas, Adhas; J: Adas, A. landi, A. londo; S: Hades; F : Fenouil, Aneth doux; E: Fennel, Sweet fennel, Dili Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. & t 1: Semanggi, Patikan clna, Salatum tikin, Tlkim, Kaki kuda, Salatun, Daun pegagan, D. penggaga; J: Semanggi, Andem, Katepan, Rendeng, Patikim, Penjelangan; S: Antanan beurit, A. lembut, A. leutik, Kurawet; F : Ecuelle d'eau, Hydrocotyle asiatique, Sevilacqua,o E: Aslatic pennywort, Indian hydrocotyle, Salatoon, Antanum beirit, Andem Oenanthe javanica (SI.) OC. & 1: Piopo, Bacurongl; J: Pampung, P. alas, Seladren; S: Tespong, Bambung, Salada Iiangan; F: Filipendule aquatique, Oenanthe, Persil de marais; E: Dropwater, Dropwort, Wild parsley, Batjarongl, Piopo, Bamboong, Pampoong Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A. W.HiII , ~ t (syn.: Carum petroselinum Senth. & Hook.f.) 1: Peterseli, Piterseli; J: Patraseli, Puterseli, Pletik apo; S: Peeterseli, Potrasoli, Portelseli; F: Persil, Ache persil; E: Parsley Peucedanum graveolens Senth & Hook.f. & , ~ .!Il' t (syn.: Anethum graveo/ens L. ) 1: Adas manis, Adhas m., A. cina, Ender; J: Adas; S: Adas, A. sowa, Sowa, Hades; F: Anet(h), Fenouil bâtard, F. puant, F. fétide, Anis puant; E: Dili, Anet Pimpinella anisum L. t ~ 180 1: Jintan manis; J:; S: Jinten manis, Gingseng cina; F: Anis vert, A. officinal, Anicet; E: Anise plant, Aniseed plant, Sweet cumin Pimpinella pruatjan Molkenb. t 1 : Purwacang; J: Purwoceng, Gebangan depok, Purwa aceng, Suripandak abang, Rumput demoh, R. dempo; S: Antanan gunung, A. kawat, Gingseng jawa; F: Anis (esp.); E: Antanan goonoong, Gebangan kipok

Apocynaceae

64. 65. Adenium obesum (Forsk.) Roem. &Schult. ~ 1: Kambodia jepang, Palasari; J:; S: Palasari; F:; E: Desert rose Allamanda cathartica L. t .!Il' ~ .,. 1: Alamanda(h); J:,o S: Lame areuy, L. kembang koneng, A1amandah; F: Allamanda, Liane à lait, Liane laiteuse, Orélie (de Guyane); E: Allamanda. Golden trumpet Aistonia spp. · .!Il' t .J 1: Pulai, Pule, Gabus; J: Pule, Gabusan; S: Lame bodas; F: Pulai, Shaitan, Dita; E: Poole, Ajooras, Shaitan wood, Whitecheese wood Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don t ~ 1: Tapak dara, Rumput jalang, Kembang tahi ayam, K. serdadu;

Economie Plants of Indonesia

66. 67.

44

68.

69. 70. 71.

72. 73.

74.

75.

J : Kembang sari cina, Tapak dara, Kembang serdadu; S: Kembang tambaga beureum, Tatambangan; F:; E: Periwinkle of Madagascar Cerbera manghas L. t 9 & -1 8IIll 1: Buta-buta badak, Goro-goro, Kayu gurita, Bintan, Bintaro; J: Bintaro; S : Bintaro, Kayu gurita; F : Allouai des Indes, Manguier laiteux, Faux manguier; E: Indian mango tree, Odollam tree Dyera costulata Hook.f. -1 & 1: Jelutung, Melabuai, Labuwal; J:; S: Jelutung, Lame sebrang; F: Dyera, Jelutong; E: Jelutong Kopsla fruticosa (Ker.) DC. ~ 1: Cabai hutan, Pokok karang, Bangku, Sertong, Selada; J :; S: Salada; F:; E: Pink kopsia Nerium indicum Mill. t ~ 1: Bunga Jepang, B. mentega; J:; S: Jure, Samboja cina; F: Oeillet d'Inde, Laurier rose d'Inde; E : East-Indian oleander, Sweet scented oleander Nerium oleander L. ~ B ~ t 1: Sudayah, Suduayah; J:; S: Jure, Samboja cina; F: Laurier rose, O/éandre, Laurel/e; E: Oleander, Bay laurel, Rose bay Plumeria rubra L. ~ DIlI & t r.~ -1 var. acumlnata (Ait.) R.S.Rao & G. V.A.Ba/amani 1: Kemboja, Kamboja, Semboja, Cempaka kubur, C. mulia, Cepaka kubur; J : Kamboja, Samboja, Semboja; S: Kamoja, Samoja; F: Frangipanier blanc, Franchipanier b., Bois de lait; E: Pagoda tree, Frangipani, White nosegay tree Plumeria rubra L. ~ 000 & t r.r:~ -1 1: Kemboja merah, Kamboja m., Semboja m.; J:; S: Kamoja, Samoja; F: Frangipanier rouge, Franchipanier r., Laurier r.; E: Red pagoda tree, R. frangipanl, R. nosegay tree, Jasmine mango Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K.Schum. ~ ., (syn.: T. neriifolia Juss.) 1: ; J : Ginje; S: Ki hujan; F: Allouai des Antilles, Bagage à collier, Noix de serpent; E: Yellow oleander, Good luck bean, Exile oil tree, Lucky nut

t.

Araceae

76. Acorus calamus L.

., ,

ê

77. 78.

1 : Dringo, Delingo, Deringo, Jarangau, Jerangau, Jariangau, Areango, Daringo; J: Dlingo, Dringo; S: Daringo, Jaringao; F: Acore odorant, Roseau o., Jonc, o., Canne aromatique; E: Sweet flag, Sweet calamus, S. root, Cinnamon sedge, Myrtle flag Aglaonema spp. ~ & 1: Anapur air, Bira air, Srirejeki; J:; S: Srirejeki, Tataleusan; F:; E : Chinese evergreen Alocasia macrorrhizos (L.) G.Don & J'lI t ~ 1: Sente, Bira, Birah; J: Sente; S: Sente, Taleus S., Bira; F: Songe blanc, Grande tayove; E: Large taro, Roasting coco, Giant alocasia

:t

Dictionary

45

79. 80.

81.

82. 83. 84. 85.

86.

87. 88. 89.

90. 91.

Alocasia spp. ~ J.: & t 1: Bira(h), Kelembahang, Kembahang; J:; S: Sente, Taleus lempuy; F: Taro, Tayove; E: Taro Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson ..At & t llIIll (syn.: A. campanulatus BI.) 1 : Suweg; J: Suweg, Walur; S: lieus, Suweg; F: Pomme de terre de Telinga, Tève; E: Telinga potato, Elephant-foot yam, Oroy. White spot giant arum, Round yam Amorphophallus variabilis BI. .. & llllI 1 : Bunga bangkai, K. gaceng; J: Badul, Badur, lIes-iles, Kembang bangah, Cumpleng; S: Acung, lieus, Cocoan oray. Kembang bangkai; F:; E: Giant arum Anthurium spp. ~ 1: Kuping gajah. Bunga Iilin; J:; S: Kuplng gajah, Ketung g.; F:; E : Arum Illy, Banner plant, Flamingo p., Tail flower Caladium bicolor (Ait.) Vent. ~ t 1 : Si hati yesus, Kaladium, Keladi hias; J:; S: Tataleusan. Taleus klir; F: Palette de peintre, Caladium, Pédiveau; E: Heart of Jesus, Cole Caladium Iindenii (Andre) Madison ~ 1 : Keladi perak; J:; S: Taleus perak, T. daun bodas; F: Caladium, Pédiveau; E: Cole Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott .. & :t · · · (syn.: C. antiquorum Schott) 1: Talas, Keladi; J: Tales, Linjal, Gelo; S: Bolang, Taleus balang; F: Taro, Colocase, Dachine, Chou caraïbe; E: Dasheen, Elephant's ear, Kale, Taro, Cocoyam, Eddoe, Cocoa root, West-Indian kale Dieffenbachia spp. ~ :t 1: Diepenbahagia, Balanceng; J:; S: Gehger sore; F: Arum vénéneux, Canne de Madère, C. séguine, Gouet séguin; E: Dumb cane, Canna de Imbe Monstera deliciosa Liebm. & ~ 1: Monstera; J:; S: Taleus renda; F: Monstera; E: Monstera, Ceriman Philodendron spp. ~ 1: Philodendron; J: Philodendron; S: Philodendron; F: Philodendron; E : Philodendron Pistia stratiotes L. l OO & :t 1: Apu-apu, Kapu-kapu, Kiambang, Kayu apung; J: Apon-apon, Kajeng apu, Kayu a.; S: Ki apung, Ki ambang; F: Pistie, Ananas d'eau, Plantain d'Inde; E: Tropical duckweed, Water lettuce. Eye-pity Spathiphyllum spp. & ~ 1: Tundak, Tunak, Matutunak; J:; S: Tundak; F:; E: Xanthosoma violaceum Schott J.: $ :t 1: Kimpul, Bentul, Linjik; J: Bentul, Linjik, Jokotowo, Kimpul; S: Kimpul, Bentul, Taleus hideung, T. balitung, T. lahun indung; F: Chou caraïbe, Tannie, Taye, Tayove; E: Primrose malanga, Indian kale, Oto,Tannla. Yautia, Cocoyam

a

a

46

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Araliaceae

92. 93. Panax ginseng G.A.Mey.

.

~

1: Ginseng; J:; S: Ginseng; F: Ginseng; E: Ginseng

Polyscias scutellarium (Burm.f.) Fosb. ~ & III 1 : Daun mangkok, D. papeda; J: Godong mangkokan, G. cowekan, Mangkokan; S: Daun mamangkokan, D. mangkok, Ki mangkok; F:;

t ·

E:

94. 95. Polyscias spp. Schefflera spp.

~ ~

1 : Daun mangkok; J: Godong mangkokan; S: Daun mangkok, D. mamangkokan; F: Bois d'éponge, B. papaye, B. de vache; E: 1 : Kelanting, K1anting, Sahang, Ramogiling; J: Klanting, Sahang, Saraban; S: Panggang puyuh, Ki p., Ramogiling, Walisongo; F : Schefflera; E: Schefflera Trevesia sundaica Miq. ~ ftOO & 1: Borang, Gabus, Kayu payung; J: Borang, Jukut b., Gabus, Gorang; S : Panggang, P. cucuk, P.lembur, Papanggangan; F:; E:

96.

t

Araucariaceae

97. Agathis philippinensis Warb.

F : Agathis indien, Damar blanc, Pin de kauri; ..

t

rr

j

1: Agatis, Damar putih, D. sigi, Kayu d., K. sigi; J: Damar; S: Ki damar; E: White dammar pine, East-Indian kauri, Borneo kauri

98.

Araucaria cunninghamii Sweet

r~~ ~ · ~

1: Damar laki-Iaki, Araucaria biru, Cemara duri, Kayu gabus; J:; S : Araucaria Australi, Kayu gabus; F:; E: Moreton bay pine, Hoop pine, Colonial pine

Arecaceae 1 Palmae

99. 100. Actinorhytis calapparia Wendl. & Drude

t ·

101.

1: Pinang kelapa; J: Jawar; S: Hanjawar, Suangkung, Jambe sinagar; F:; E: Galappa palm, Soonhari, Pinang calapa, Djambe sinagar Areca catechu L. .!!? 9 & t rf.~ i R" .. III ~ 1: Pinang, Pinang sirih, Jambe, Pucang, Kacu; J: Jambe, Wohan; S : Jambe; F: Aréquier, Arec cachou, Noisette d'Inde; E: Areca nut palm, Betelnut palm, Catechu palm, Pinang palm Arenga pinnata (Wurmb) Merr. ~ .Il: ~ & ~:t r~~ f .. 1 : Enau, Aren, Mergat, Kabung, Peluluk, Biluluk; J: Aren, Lirang, Nanggung; S: Kawung, Taren; F: Palmier à sucre, Areng, Aren; E : Areng palm, Sugar palm, Gomuti palm

Dictionary

47

102.

103. 104. 105.

108.

107.

108. 109.

110.

111.

112. 113. 114.

Borassus flabellifer L. ~ JQ · t ~ · 10 .. 1: Lontar, Rontal, Siwalan; J: EntaI, Etal, TaI, Lontar, Siwalan; S: Lontar; F: Rônier, Palmier borasse, Lontar, Palmier de Palmyre, Ciprier, Cocotier de mer; E: Palmyra palm, Deleb p., Brab tree, Bart 1., Lontar. Tai Calamus caesius BI. .· t 1: Rotan sega, Rotan taman; J:; S: Hoe korod, H. selang; F: Rotin cultivé; E: Rattan Calamus manan Miq. · ~ 1: Rotan manan, Rotan manau; J:; S: Hoe minyak; F: Rotin manau; E : Manau rattan Caryota mitis Lour. · JQ · rf~ t · ~ 1: Saray, Sarai, Genduru, Beridin, Risi, Tukas; J: Genduru; S: Saray. Suwangkung leutik. Sukawang leutik; F: Piassave, Piassava, Caryote; E : Piasaba, Piasava, Fishtaii palm Cocos nucifera L. iii Q · t ~ ~ · 181 If · .. 1: Kelapa, Nyiur. Kerambil, Krambll; J: Kalapa, Krambil, Kecambil, Klopo, Klendah; S: Kalapa; F: Cocotier: E: Coconut Daim Corypha utan Lam. · JQ · t llf' lf! 181 .. · ~ 1: Lontar utan. Pucuk, Gebang, Agal, Agel; J: Gebang, Pucuk; S : Gebang,lbus; F: Talipotd'Inde, T. parasol; E: Gebang palm, Talipot palm, Fan palm Cyrtostachys renda BI. (syn.: C. lakka) ~ l'fJ 1: Palem merah; J:; S: Palem beureum; F: Palmier rouge; E: Scartet palm, Sealing-wax p. Daemonorops melanochaetes BI. · Q · · 1: Rotan cincin; J: Penjalin manis, P. selang; S: Hoe seel. H. selang; F: Rotin (esp.); E: Rattan (sp.) Daemonorops rubra BI. .. · Q 1: Rotan jernang. R. getah; J: Getih warak; S: Hoa getih badak, H. seel, H. soga; F: Dragonnier, Rotin rouge, Sandragon; E: Dragon's b100d, Dragon calamus, Dragon cane Elaeis guineensis Jacq. iii · · · ~ 1: Kelapa sawit; J: Kelapa sawit, K. sewu; S: Salak minyak, Kalapa minyak, K. ciung; F: Palmier à huile; E: Oil palm Eugeissona utilis Beee. J- Q · 1: Bertam; J:; S: Bertam; F:; E: Kadjatoa Livistona rotundifolia Mart. · Q · ~ .. 1: Serdang, Sadang; J: Sadeng, Sadang, Palem kipas; S: Serdang; F:; E: Woka palm Metroxylon sagu Rottb. J- Q t 'f~ · 181 · (syn.: M. rumphii Mart.) 1: Palem sagu, Sagu, Sago, Kirai, Rumbia, Rambia; J: Ambulung, Bulu, Bulung, Kersula, Rajang, Rembulung, Resula, Tembulu; S: Klray, Sagu tangkal, Palem sagu; F: Sagoutier, Palmier sagou, Arbre au s.; E: Sagu palm, Sago palm, Rumphius's sago palm, Sagou1er, Klra], Ambooloong, Ivory nut palms

a

a

a

a

a

a

48

Economie Plants of Indonesla

115. 118. 117. 118. 119.

120.

Nypa frutlcans Wurmb ~ 0 & .. ~ t · 1: Nipah, Bobo, Emal; J: Buyuk; S: Tangkal daun, Kiray cai,K. hateup Kalapa leuwl; F: Nipa; E: Nipa(h) palm Oncosperma tigillarium (Jack) Rid/. r'\Ï~ & , ~ · · 1: Nibung; J: Gendiwung; S: Erang, Handiwung, Palem landak; F: Palmier n/bung; E: Nibung palm Phoenix daetylifera L. 0 t1!I & ~ .. ~ ~ · · 1: Korma, Kurma, Khurma; J:; S: Korma; F: Dattier, Palmier dattier; E: Date palm Raphia spp. · t1!I 0 .. ~ 1: Rapia; J:; S: Haregu, Weregu; F: Raphia, Palmier bambou; E : Raffla palm Roystonea regla (H.B.K.) O.F. Cook ~ III Q. (syn.: Oreodoxa regia H.B.K. ) 1: Palem raja; J: Pa/em raja; S: Palem raja; F: Palmier royal, Chou caraibe; E: Royal palm, Cabbage palm Salaccazalacca (Gaertn.) Voss (syn.: S. edulis) .0 t · 1: Salak; J: Sa/ak; S: Salak; F: Sa/ak, Za/aque, Za/acca; E: Salak

If....

Asclepladaceae

121.

F :Bouquet soldat, Faux ipécacuanha, Ipécac saLNage, Ipécacuanha bâtard; E: Golden rad,

Ascleplas cUf8s88vica L. 1 : Kembang mas; J:; S: Konde putri;

t · ~ ~

122.

Blood flower, Wild lpacac, Bastard Ipecacuan(ha) Calotropls glgantea (L.) Dryand. ex W. T.Ait t Q. 1: Widuri, Biduri, Baiduri, Lembega, Rembega, Mudar; J: Daduri, Widuri, Saduri, Sidaguri; S: Babakoan, Biduri, Widuri; F: Mudar, Herbe

hirondelle, Fafetone faux bois de soie, Arbre à s., Pomme de Sodome;

123.

124.

E : Yercum fibre, Mudar, Giant milk weOO, Tembaga, Bow-string hemp Hoya spp. ~ ~ t 1: Akar setebal, A. lidah, Daun pitis, Bunga p:ilita; J: Kapalan; S: Areuy ki kandel lalaki, A. ki aksara; F: Hoya; E: Wax plant, Honey plant. Wax-flower climber Marsdenla tlnetoria R.Br. ~.. t 1: Tarum akar, Santam, Tamtam; J:; S: Tarum areuy; F: Marsdénia; E : Climbing indigo

Asteraceae / Compositae

125. Acmella panlculat& (Wall. ex DC.) R.K.Jansen oet 1 : Daun getang, D. lada, D. gulang, D. murit, Legetan; J: Legetan, G/etang, Sarunen sapi; S: Jotang kebo, J. sawah, J. gOOe. Daun gelang; F : Acmelle, Brède cresson, Cresson de Para; E: Alphabet plant, Para cress, Akarkara, Pirazha, Maratitige

Dletlonary

49

126.

127. 128.

129.

130. 131. 132. 133. 134. 135. 136. 137.

138. 139.

Ageratum conyzoides L. t ê 1: Bandotan, Sianggit; J: Berokan, Wedusan, Bandotan; S: Babadotan, Babandotan, Jukut bau, Ki bau; F: Cé/estine, Eupatoire bleue; E : Bastard agrymony, Billy goatweed Aster spp. ~ 1: Aster; J:; S: Kembang aster; F :Aster, Astère, Reine Marguerite; E: Christmas daisy, Daisies Ayapana triplinervis (Vahl ex BI.) R.King & H.Robinson t ê Il (syn.: Eupatorium t. ) 1 : Prasman, Daun prasman, D. panahan; J: Godong prasman, Rajapanah; S : Jukut prasman; F: Ayapana, Thé de l'Amazone; E: Carthamus tinetorius L. B (j & t · · ~... .J 1: Kasumba , Kesumba, Kembang pulu; J: Kembang pulu; S: Kembang pulu, K. kasumba; F: Carthame des teinturiers, Safran Mtard, Faux safran; E: Safflower, Bastard saffron, African s., American s., Dyer's safflower, Mock saffron Chrysanthemum spp. ~ & t 1: Seruni; J: Sruni; S: Kerisan; F: Chrysanthème; E : Chrysanthem(um), BoOOle, Ox-eye daisy Cichorium endivia L. & 1: Andewi, Andepi, Lof Brussel, Lof putih; J: Andewi, Ndewi; S: Andewi; F: Endive, Chicorée blanche, Scarole; E: Endive, Escarole Cichorium intybus L. & · 1: Andewi, Andepi; J: Andewi, Ndewi; S: Andewi; F: Chicorée à café; E : Chicory, Witloof, Succory Cosmos caudatus Kunth & ~ · ~ 1: Ulan raja, Ulam r., Pelampong, Kenikir; J: Kenikir, Semikir, Dewadaru; S : Randa miang, Mamanggahan, Kanikir; F:; E: Cosmos spp. ~ & 1: Ulan raja, Kenikir; J: Kembang goyang; S: Randa miang, Kaniklr; F: Cosmos; E: Cosmos Dahlia spp. ~ 1: Dahlia; J:; S: Dahlia; F: Dahlia; E: Dahlia Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. If & t 1: Orang-aring, Urang-aring, Keremak jantan, Kermak jantan; J: Goman, Urang-aring; S: Urang-aring; F: Eclipte blanche; E: Emilia spp. ~ 1 : Patah kemudi, Tempuh wiyang, Ketumbit jantan, Tetambak merah, Perasi; J: Kemondelan, Kemandelan, Tempuh wiyang; S: Jonge, Jonghe, Kemandilan; F: Seneçon; E: Tassel flower Helianthus annuus L. B (j & · · ~... ~ 1: Bunga matahari; J: Kembang srengenge, Purba negara; S: Kembang sarangenge; F: Tournesol, Soleil, Hélianthe; E: Sunflower Lactuca indics L. & lllO 1 : Daun panjang, D. lampenl, Kumak, Umek; J: Tempuh wiyang, Sawirana, Kuban kayu rana; S: Lampenas, Lampeni, Hedyo huma, Langkoas, Tongo; F: Lastron, Gros lastron, Laitron; E: Economie Plants of Indonesia

50

140. 141. 142.

143. 144.

Laetuca sativa L. $ 9 t 1: Selada, Selada kerup; J: Selada, Selat, Sladah; S: Salada, S. Bogor; F: Laitue; E: Lettuce Pluchea Indica (L.) Less. $ ~ eoo 1: Beluntas, Luntas; J: Luntas, Tluntas; S: Baluntas, Luntas, Jaluntas, Jarong, Barantas; F:; E: Marsh fleabean Tagetes spp. ~ 9 1: Tagetes, Tahi ayam; J:; S: Kembang kenlkir, K. tikatok; F: Africaine, Fleur de Rome, Oeillet d'Inde; E: Velvet flower, African marigolds, French marigolds Taraxacum officinale Weber $ 1: Jombang; J: Jombang; S: Ki baceta(h); F: Dent-de-lion, Pissenlit commun; E: Dandelion, Milk gowan, Lion's tooth Tridax procumbens L. 000 1: Gletang, Kancing baju; J: G/etangan, Orang-aring, Prepes, Songga langit, Sidowak, Srunen, Cemondelan; S: Urang-aring; F: Herbe caille;

t

t

E:

145.

Zinnia elegans Jacq.

~

1: Bunga kertas, Zinnia; J:; S: Kembang kertas; F: Zinnia élégant; E : Blood marigold, Niggerheads, Zinnia, Old maid's pink

Aurlculariaceae

146. Auricularia auricula-judae (L.) Schroet. $ 1: Jamur kuping, Kuping tikus, Telinga tikus; J: Jamur kuping, Kuping lawa; S: Lember, Supa 1.; F: Champignon chinois, Oreille de Judas; E : Jews' ears, Juda's ear

t

Balsaminaceae

147.

148.

Impatiens balsamina L. ~.. $ ~ 1: Pacar air, Bunga tabu, B. tabo; J: Pacar banyu; S: Pacar cai, P. tere; F : Balsamine camellia, B. des jardins, Jalousie, Impatiente; E: Garden balsam, Balsam, B. apple, Female balsamine Impatiens spp. ~ ~.. 1 : Pacar air; J: Pacar banyu; S: Pacar cai, P. tere; F: Impatiente, Balsamine; E: Balsamine, Balsam, Eagle f1ower, Touch me not, Wild balsam

t

t

Basellaceae

149.

Basella alba L. (syn.: B. rubra L.) & If 1: Gendola, Gandola; J: Jingga, Genjerot, Gendolak, Genjulak, Gedrek, Oci-oci; S: Gandola, Ganola, Gendolan; F: Epinard de Malabar, E. d'Amérique, Baselle blanche, Brède d'Ango/e; E: Indian spinach, Ceylan S., Malabar nightshade, Vine spinach

51

t

Dictionary

Begoniaceae

150. Begonia spp.

~

1: Daun asam, Begonia; J:; S: Hariang bulu; F: Bégonia, Bégonie; E : Begonia, Elephant's ear

Bignoniaceae

151. 152. 153. Crescentia cujete L. · S' t 'f~ ~ 81 1: Tabu kayu, Kayutabu; J:; S: Berenuk; F: Calebassier; E: Calabash tree, Cujete, Calabazo, Jicaro Jacaranda spp.

~ ·

1: Jambul merak, Jakaranda; J:; S: Jeng-jeng laut; F: Jacaranda; E : Jacaranda, Brazilian rosewood Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent. ~ & l'f:~ ~... 1: Bongli, Bungli, Bunga trompet; J: Kajeng ja/er, Kayu lanang, Wungli, Mungli; S: Kembang tarompet, Pongporang; F: Bignone d'Inde; E : Indian trumpet f10wer Spathodea campanulata Beauv. ~ · 1: Spathodea, Kayu acret, Sepatu nona; J:; S: Ki engsrot, KI acret; F :Tulipier du Gabon; E: African tulip tree, Aame of the forest Tecoma stans (L.) H.B.K. ~ 1: Tecoma; J:; S:; F: Bois de pissenlit; E: Shrubby trumpet f1oWer, Yellow bells, Y. cedar, Y. eider

t

154. 155.

Bixaceae

156. Bixa orellana L. ~.. Il ~ 1 : Kesumba keling, Kasumba k., Pohon keling, Bunga rambutan, Buah prada; J: Kasumba keling, Galuga, Pacar k., Samba k.; S: Galinggem, Galuga; F: Rocouyer, Roucouyer, Annato, Oré/ana; E: Annatto tree, Anatto t.

t ·

Bombacaceae

157. Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. t B ~ & var. indica (OC.) Back. (syn.: Bombax c.)

t '"

18ft ~..... ~

158. 159.

52

1: Kapok, Kapuk, Randu, Kabu-kabu; J: Randu; S: Randu, Kapuk; F: Kapokier de Java, Kapok, Capoc; E: Java kapoktree, Cabbagewood, (White) silk cotton tree Durio zibethinus Mu". ~ ~ If 1: Durian, Duren; J: Duren, Ambetan, Kadu; S: Kadu, Duren; F : Dourian, Durian, Durion; E: Durian, Durien, Durion, Civet durian Ochroma lagopus Swartz r.r~ ~ 1: Balsa; J :; S: Balsem; F: Balsa, Bols flot, Bois de liège; E: Boisa, Bombast mahoe. West-Indian corkwood Economie Plants of Indonesia

t

·

Brassicaceae 1 Cruciferae

160. Brassica chinensis L. & e t 1: Petsal, Sawl putih, Sesawi putlh, Pecai; J: Sawi putih, Bakcai, Pecai, Kluban; S: Pecal, Samho; F: Petsai, Chou chinois, Chou de Chine; E : Chlnese cabbage, Petsal, Shantung cabbage, Pak-choi Brasslca napobrassica Mill. & JI : Koi rabi; J:; S: Koi babat, Engkol b., Burkoli; F: Rutabaga; E : Rutabaga, SwOOe Brassica napus L. e & 1: Sawi biji, Koi b.; J:; S: Engkol siki; F: Colza, Grosse navette, Navet oléifère; E: Rape, Colza, Swedish turnip Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L. & 1: Kembang kol, Blumkol; J:; S: Blumkol, Kembang kol; F: Chou-fleur, Broccoli; E: Cauliflower, Colliflower, Broccoli Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata L. & 1: Kubis, Kobis, Kol, Kul; J: Engkol; S: Kubis, Kol, Engkol gOOe; F: Chou cabus, C. pommé, Cabus, Caboche; E: HeadOO cabbage, Bow kali, Cabes Brassica rapa (L.) & JI : Koi rap, Rapkol; J:; S: Engkol beureum; F: Navet, Chou rave, Tornep; E: Garden turnip, Turnip, Knowles Brassica rugosa Prain & e <j , t ... 1 : Sawi, S. hijau, Sawi-sawi, Sesawi, Caisim; J: Sawi; S: Sasawi, Jabung; F: Moutarde de Chine, Brède moutarde; E: Chinese mustard, Indian m., Sarepta m. Lepidium sativum L. t e & 1 : Alim; J:; S: Sasawi, Cesin; F: Cresson cultivé, C. alénois, Cressonnette; E: Garden cress, Pepper grass Nasturtium heterophyllum BI. & t 1: Sawitanah, Sesawi t.; J: Sudukan; S: Sasawi langit, Sesawi 1., Jabung hayam; F: Cresson d'Inde; E: Nasturtium indicum OC. & t 1: Tempuyung; J: Tempuyung, Sawi lemah; S: Jukut sakti, Jukut pait, Tatambangan; F:; E: Nasturtium officinale R.Br. & t 1: Salada air, Selada air; J: Cenil, Kenci, Jembrak, Gejembak; S: Salada cal; F: Cresson d'eau, C. de fontaine, Brède cresson; E: Water cress, Brown c., Water kerse Raphanus sativus L. var. hortensis Backer & e t 1: Lobak, L. cina; J: Lobak; S: Lobak; F: Radis chinois, Mougri de Java, Navet blanc, Radis oléifère; E: Chinese radish, 011 radish of China Raphanus sativus L. var. radicula (Pers.) A.DC. & ~ t 1: Lobak merah, Radis, Rades; J: Rades; S: Rades, Radis, Lobak beureum; F: Radis commun; E: Common radish

53

161. 162. 163. 164.

165. 166.

167. 168. 169. 170.

171. 172.

Dictionary

Bromeliaceae

173. Ananas comosus (L.) Me".

1: Nenas, Nanas; J: Nanas; S: Ganas, Danas; F: Ananas; E : Pineapple, Ananas

a .. t

l1t · ~

Buddlejaceae

174. Buddleja asiatica Lour.

1: ; J:; S: Ki hirisan; F: Budlège d'Asie; E:

Burseraceae

175. Canarium spp.

a

g

.,

l1t , .,.

1: Kenari, Kanari; J: Kenarl; S: Kanarl; F: Canari; E: Java almond. Canarytree

Cactaceae

176. 177. Cereus spp. ~ 1: Kaktus, Duri entong; J: Kaktus, Duri entong, D. etong; S: Kaktus; F :Cierge, Raquette; E: Torch thistle Cereus uruguayanus Kiesling (syn.: C. peruvlanus) ~ 1: Kaktus, Durl entong; J: Kaktus, Durl entong, D. etong; S: Kaktus; F: Cactier du Pérou, Flambeau du P., Clerge du P., C. épineux; E: Great torch thistle, Thorny reed Epiphyllum hookerl Haw. (syn.: Phyllocactus h.) ~ 1: Kheng-fa, Keng-wa; J:; S: Kengfa; F: Eplphylle, Raquette; E: Leaf-flowering cactus Epiphyllum oxypetalum (OC.) Haw. ~ 1: Bakawali; J:; S: Kaktus bangkawali; F: Epiphylle, Raquette; E: Leaf-flowering cactus Hylocereus undatus (Haw.) Britt. & Rose

1: Tanduk rusa kaktus; J:; S: Tanduk rusa kaktus; F:; E:

178. 179. 180. 181. 182. 183.

~

Opuntia cochenillifera Mill. (syn.: Nopalea c. (L.) Salm-Dyck) ~ 1: Lidah badak, Cocor bebek, Duri tiongkok batu; J:; S: Ceker bebek, Kaktus batu; F: Nopal; E: Nopal, Cochineal cactus Opuntia elatior Mill.

~

1: Lidah badak, Cocor bebek; J:; S: Ceull badak, Kaktus batu; F:;

E:

Opuntia ficus-indica Mill.

1: Duri gambas, D. tiongkok; J: Ri gambas, Duri tiongkok; S: Ceker bebek; F: Figuier d'Inde, F. de Barbarie, Opuntia, Raquette, Nopal; E: Barbary fig, Indian fig, Prickly pear, Bastard fig

~

a Il

54

Economic Plants of Indonesia

184. 185.

Pereskia aculeata Mill. ~ 1: Klnrlp; J:; S: Klnrlp; F: Cerise du Surinam, Groseiller des Antilles; E: Barbados gooseberry, Amerlcan g., Surinam g. Pereskla grandifolia Haw. (syn.: P. bleo) ~ 1: Kuplng badak, Dur! penjalt; J: Ri wanda; S: Ceuli badak; F:; E:

Caesalplnlaceae (Leguminosae pro parte)

188. 187. 188. Amherstia nobllis Wall.

1: Ceker ayam; J:; S: Cecekeran; F:; E: Prlde of Burma, Amherstia Bauhlnla scandens L. t t 1: Daun Iilin, Bunga kupu-kupu; J: Daun li/in; S: Areuy kupu-kupu, A. tilil, Kembang kukupu; F:; E: Snake climber, Snake charm Bauhlnla spp. ~ .. Jt t · rv.~ GOO ~.. 1 : Penawar serlbu, Bunga kupu-kupu, Daun Iidah-Iidah; J: Sebari, Kupu-kupu, Kendayakan, Klecon, Tayuman, Trikancu, Benculuk, Daun li/in; S: Panawar sar!bu, Areuy kupu-kupu, A. tilil, Kembang kukupu; F: Bauhine, Bauhinie; E: Mountain ebony Bauhlnla tomentosa L. ~ & t ~ ~.. 1: Bunga kupu-kupu; J: Kupu-kupu; S: Kembang kukupu; F: Ebénier des montagnes; E: St Thomas tree Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. ~ t r.~ & J : Merak-merakan, 1 : Bunga merak, Bunga clna, Jingoh; Patramenggala; S: Kembang merak, K. patrakombala; F: Fleur de paradis, Poincillade, Aigrette, Fleur de paon, Macata; E: Barbados pride. Paradlse flower, Peacock f., Gold mohur tree, Dwarf polnciana Caesalpinia sappan L. ~.. I!\ ., ~ .. lit 1: Secang, Sepang, $apang, Kayu soma; J: Secang, Soga jawa; S : Secang; F: Campèche sappan, Brésillet des Indes; Bois de sappan; E : Sappan wood tree, Japan s. w., Brasiletto Cassla alata L. t & , .la' ~ 1: Ketepeng cina, K. kerbau, Gelenggang, Gelinggang, Daun kupang. D. kurap; J: Ketepeng kebo, K. cina; S: Ketepeng badak. Katepeng b., Ki Manila; F: Casse ailée, Dartrier, Bois dartre; E: Seven golden candlestick, Ringworm senna, Candalabra bush, French guava Cassia javanica L. rf~ ~.. t ~ 1: Dulang, Trengguli; J: Tangguli, Tengguli, Trengguli, T. wangwang; S : Bobondelan, Bubundelan, Bumbungdelan, Ki hiang jawa; F:; E: Apple blossom tree Cynometra cauliflora L. ~ ~ 1 : Nam-nam, Namu-namu, Anjing-anjing, Puki anjing; J: Nam-nam, Nam-naman; S: Nam-nam, Puki, Kopi anjing; F: Cynomètre cauliflore, Nam-nam; E: Lamuta, Nam-nam Delonix regia (Bojer ex Hook.) Ratin. ~ r{o~ 1 : Flamboyan, Plamboyan; J:; S: Plamboyan; F: Flamboyant, E: Flamboyant, Royal Poinciane, Poincillade, Gloire des acacias; poinciana. Flame tree, Peacock flower

~

189. 190.

191.

192.

193.

194.

a ,

r

195.

Ir ..

Dlctfonary

55

198. 197. 198. 199. 200. 201.

Dialium Indum L. liJ 1: Keranji, Kranji, Asam keranjl; J: Asem cina, Kranjl, Kuranjl, Paranji, Pranji; S: KI ranji; F: Diali des Indes, Kerandji; E: Tamarind p1um Intsla spp. lif t If 1: Merbau; J:; S: Meurbo, Tariti; F: Merbau; E: Marbau, Mirabow, Ipil, Kwila, Moluccan ironwood, Malacca teak Koompassia rnalaccensis Maing. 9K Benth. ~ III 1: Kempas, Kampas, Kompas, Kumpas, Menggaris, Tanggerls; J:; S : Ki kempas, Ki beusi; F: Kempas; E: Kempas, Menggerls Maniltoa grandiflora Scheff. ~ ooe ~.. 1: Pohon saputangan, Daun S., Bunga s.; J:; S: KI kacang, Kembang saputangan; F:; E: Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC.) Back. ex Heyne 100 ~.. ~ 1: Soga, Pohon soga, Kayu timur; J: Soga; S: Soga; F:; E: Sogah bark tree, Yellow flame Tamarindus Indlca L. , B & · .. t ~ !'fJ B" ~ 1: Asam, A. jawa, Kayu asam; J: Wit asem, Asem, A. jawa; S: Tangkal aseum, Aseum; F: Tamarinier des Indes;' E: Tamarind tree, Indlan date

a

a

a

Cannabaceae

202.

Cannabis satlva L. · t ., ~ · ... 1: Serat henep, Ganja, Marijuana; J: Gln/e, Ganja; S: Ganja jukut pelet; F : Chanvre indien, Marijuana, Haschich; E: Hemp, Indian hemp, Marijuana, Haschich

Cannaceae

203.

Canna edulis Ker. J- III 1 : Ganyong, Tasbih, Laos Mekah, L jambe, Kanas; J: Ganyong, Lembong nyidra, Senitra; S: Ganyong, Ganyol, Sebe(h); F: Balisier comestible, Arrowroot du Queensland, Tous les mois; E : Queensland arrowroot, Purple a., Achira, Edlble canna Canna spp. J- t · ~ 1: Ganyong hutan, Buah tasbeh, Sebeh, Slgl-slgl, Kanas; J: Ganyong, Kembang gedang, Puspa midra, P. nyidra; S: Ganyong, Sebe(h), Tasbeh; F: Canna, Balisier; E: Canna, Flowering reed, Indlan shot

204.

Capparaceae

205.

20&.

Capparis spinosa L. & 1: Kapri; J:; S:; F: Câprier, Tapérier; E: Caper-bush Cleome gynandra L. (syn.: Gynandropsls g.) & B , t lOI 1 : Mamang, Langsana merah, Mamam; J: Boboan, Bobowan, Enceng-enceng, Leng-/engan, Mamam; S: Mamam; F: Mouzambe, Brède caya, C/éome, Moutarde des Indes; E: Bastard mustard, Sambo. Mussambé, Spider flower Economie Plants of Indonesia

56

Caprlfoliaceae

207. Sambucus javanlca Reinw. ex BI. t ~ 1: Sangltan; J:; S: Sangltan; F: Sureau de Java; E: Java eider

Carlcaceae

208.

~ g & · t .J J: Kate/a gantung, Kates, Gandul, Kamplung, Kaste/a, Kati/a; S: Gedang; F: Papayer;

Carlca papaya L. 1 : Pepaya, Papaya, Betik, Kepaya, Kates;

E : Papaya. Melon tree, Papaw tree, Pawpaw

Casuarlnaceae

209. Casuarlns equlsetlfolla L. 10 t ~.. ~ 1: Embun, Eru, Ru, Pohon kasawarl, Cemara laut; J: Cemara, Cemara laut, Cemawls; S: Camara laut; F: Casuarlne, FI/ao de l'Inde, Pin d'Australie; E: Cassowary tree, Australian plne, Swamp oak, Bull o., Beefwood tree Casuarlna junghuhniana Miq. · 1: Cemara gunung, C. ba/on; J: Cemara; S: Camara balon; F : Casuarine; E: Cassowary tree

210.

Celastraceae

211. Lophopetalum spp. ~ 1: Perupuk, P. talang, P. rawang, Medang kerupuk; J: Manda/aksa; S : Ki parupuk, KI obar, Kayu Iilln; F:; E: ;

Chenopodlaceae

212. 213. Beta vulgaris L. & t , · 1: Bit; J: Bit; S: Bit; F: Betterave, Bette commune; E: Beet, Garden beet Suaeda maritima (L.) Dum. & 1: A1ur-alur, Melur; J: A/ur, Melur; S: Melur; F: Ansérine maritime, Soude m., Blanchette; E: Sea blite, Sea goose-foot

Chrysobalanaceae

214. Maranthes corymbosa BI. ~ 10 1: Kolaka, Kalek, Kolak-kalek; J: Merbatu, Suluh, Solo, Welis, Wuluh; S : Taritih; F: Liusin; E: Liusin

Dlctlonary

57

Clusiaceae 1 Guttiferae

215. Calophyllum Spp. !'iil tri ~ t ~..... ~ 1 : Bintangur, Nyamplung, Nyampung, Mentangur, Menaga, Meraga, Penaga; J: Nyamplung, Sulatri, Punaga; S: Nyamplung; F: Calaba, Calophylle, Bintangor, Bintangur, Bols canot, Bois tatamaka, Laurier d'Alexandrie; E: A1exandrian laurel, Ceylon beautyleaf, Bintangur, Bintangoor Cratoxylum arborescens (Vahl) BI. r'\Ï~ 1: Gerunggang, Geronggang, Gonggang, Temou; J:; S: Grunggang; F: Gerunggang; E: Gerunggang, Carongan, Black mesua Garcinia celebica L . ' r'\Ïl t 1 : Beruwas, Beruas, Kiras, Manggis hutan; J: Baros; S: Manggu leuweung, Galugur monyet; F: Garclnle des Célèbes, Mangoustan des C., Brindonnier; E: Garcinia dulcis (Roxb.) Kurz t r.'f~ If .. 1: Mundu, Mundur; J: Baros, Munder, Mundu, Kledeng; S: Jawura, Gledog panto, Jambura, Mundu; F:; E: Baniti, Mundu Garcinia mangostana L. tri t r.f~ ~~ .. 1: Manggis, Manggistan, Manggustan; J: Manggis; S: Manggu; F : Mangoustanier; E: Mangosteen, Mangostan, Mangis, Dodol Garcinia parvifolia (Mlq.) Miq. l'f 1 : Kandis, K. burung, Asam kandis, Sri awan; J: Kemenjing, Walung, Memenjing; S: Ceuri, Ki ceuri, Ki ceri-ceri; F:; E: Kandis

a

216. 217.

a ..

218. 219. 220.

a

a

a ..

Combretaceae

221. Quisqualis indica L. t $ ~ 1: Wudani, Udani, Dani, Wedani, Bidani, Bedanl; J: Kacekluk, Ceguk, Keceklik, Cekluk, Wedani; S: Bidani; F: Quisqualier d'Inde, Liane vermifuge; E: Chinese honeysuckle, Rangoon creeper Terminalia catappa L. if tri t fiil ~ 1: Ketapang, Katapang; J: Ketapang; s: Katapang; F: Amandier des Indes, A. de la Martinique, Badamier, Myrobalan, Myrobolan; E: Country almond, Singapore a., Indian a., Tropical a., Myroboland, Myrobalan, Almendro Terminalia chebula Retz. ~... tri t l'f 1: Maja putlh, Kedekai, Kedekl, Kedeklk; J:; S: Kayu mala; F: Chébula, E: Black myroboland, Chebulic Myroba/an cMbula, Myrobolan; myrabolam Terminalia citrina (Gaertn.) Roxb. ex Flem. l'f t ~.. 1: Majakeling, Jahakling; J: Blabah; S: Jeret, Tengeh, Caah, Sendok keling; F: Myrobalan citrin, Termlnalier c.; E: Hara nut tree

a

222.

a

a

223.

224.

58

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Commelinaceae

225. 226. Rhoeo sp8thacea (Sw.) Stearn ~ 1: Nanas karang, Daun kepah; J:; S: Danas pager, D. batu; F:; E: Adam and Eve boat liIy Tradescantia vlrginiana L. ~ 1: Rumput padali; J :; S: Jukut gewor, Gewor; F: Ephémère de Virginie, Ephémérine, Tradescantie virginienne; E: One day flower, Spiderwort, Virginian splderwort Zebrlna pendula Schniz/. ~ 1: Rumput belang, R. zebra, Zebrina z.; J:; S: cau perak, Kulit zebra; F:; E: Wanderlng jew

227.

ConvolvLllaceae

228. 229. Ipomoea aquatica Forsk. $ t III 1: Kangkung; J: Kangkung, K. jlidri; S: Kangkung; F: Patate aquatique, Liseron d'eau; E: Water spinach, W. convolvulus, Swamp cabbage Ipomoea batatas (L.) L. ~ $ · t l OO 1: Ubl jalar. KelOOek, Ketela rambat; J: Katela, K. rambat, Tela, T. rambat, Bodin; S: BoIOO, Huwi b., H. mantang; F: Patate douce; E: Sweet potato. Batata, carolina potato, Spanlsh potato Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R.Br. t Il ~.. 1: Tapak kuda, Tangkatang, Daun katang; J:; S: Kangkung darat; F: Ipomée pied de chèvre, Patate à Durand; E: Seaside morning glory

230.

Costaceae

231. Costus speclosus (Koenig) J.E.Smith t · ~ 1: Pacing, Setawar; J: Pacing, P. tawa; S: Buntiris, Pacing, P. tawar, Tepung t.; F: Costus arabique; E: Arabian costus, Kust root, Crape ginger

Crassulaceae

232. Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. ~ t 1: Ceker itik, Cocor bebek, Sidingin, Sedingin, Daun sejuk; J: Sosor bebek, Cocor b., Tuju degen, Teres,Suru bebek; S: Buntiris, Ceker itik, Jampe, Jukut kawasa. Teure; F: Pourpier clochette, Chou de fafte; E : Life plant Kalanchoe spp. ~ t 1: Kaktus panda; J:; S: Kaktus panda; F: Joubarbe; E: Life plant Sedum morganianum E. Walth. ~ 1: Kaktus anggur; J:; S: Kaktus anggur; F: Grassette, Joubarbe, Orpin, Sédon; E: Orpine, Stonecrop

59

233. 234.

Dictionary

Cucurbitaceae

235. Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn. oe t .. 1: Kundur, Beligo. Beligu, Baligo. Baligu, Tangkue; J: Bligo, Baligo; S : Baligo. Kundur, Leyor; F: Courge cireuse, Bénincasa, Pastèque de Chine; E: Ash pumpkin. Wax gourd, White gourd, Chlnese preservlng melon Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai 101 1: Semangka, Keramboja. Mendikai, Tembikai; J: Semangka, Watesan; S : Samangka; F: Pastèque, Melon d'eau; E: Waterme/on Cucumis melo L. B t 1: Blewah, Belewa(h), Semangka Belanda; J: Semangka londo, Blewek, Bluwak, Bluwek, Blewah, Kerahi; S: Blewah, Hirbls; F: Melon; E : Melon, Muskmelon, Canteloupe Cucumis sativus L. oe 1: Timun, Ketimun, Katimun, Mentimun, Entimun, Tetimun; J: Timun, Katimun; S: Katimun, Timun, Bonteng; F: Concombre; E: Cucumber, Gherkins Cucurbita moschata (Duch. ex Lam.) Duch. ex Poir. oeB t 1: Labu merah, L. ambon. L. parang, Waluh; J: Wa/uh, Wa/oh; S: Waluh; F : Courge musquée, Potiron m.; E: Crookneck. Musk melon, Musky gourd, Vegetable marrow, Musky pumpkin, Cushaw, Winter squash Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl. ~ 1: Labu air, L. putih, L. kendit, L panjang; J: Wa/uh kenti, W. de/eg; S : Waluh bodas, W. panjang, Kukuk; F: Calebassier, Gourde, Courge bouteille; E: Bottle gourd, Trumpet g., Crook-neck, Calabash Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb. oeB t 1 : Gambas, Petola, Ketola manis, Oyong, Jingi; J: Gambas, Kacur, Ceme; S: Ernes, Oyong, Kimput; F: Papengaye, Eponge végétale, Liane torchon; E: Singkwa towel gourd, Dishcloth g., Angled loofah, Veta kola. Ridged gourd, Acute angled cucumber Luffa cylindrica (L.) M.J.Roem. (syn.: L. aegyptiaca Mill.) B oe t 1: Belustru, Blustru, Luffah. Oyong lufah; J: B/ustru, Blestru, Bestru; S : Lopang, Oyong, Kimput, Jaat; F: Eponge végétale, Courge torchon; E: Luffa fibre, Vegetal sponge, Towel gourd, Smooth loofah, Suakwa Momordica charantia L. oe B .!Ir t 1: Peria, Pare pahit, Paria, Pepare; J: Pare; S: Paria; F: Paroka, Momordique à feuilles de vigne, Pépareh; E: Bitter gourd, B. cucumber, B. momordica, Carilla, Balsam pear. Maidens blush Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. oe J- Il · 1: Labu siam. L. gambas, L. jepang; J: Wa/uh jepang, W. siyem, Jipang; S : Waluh gambas, Lejet, Waluh siyem, Gambas; F: Chayotte, Chouchou, Christophine; E: Chayote, Choyote, Christophine, Choc(h)o. Guisquil Trichosanthes cucumerina L. var. anguina (L.) Haines oe 1: Peria belut, Paria b., Lindung; J: Pare we/ut, P. pe/us, P. jawi;

a

236. 237.

aB"

a

238.

Bat

239.

240.

a ., ·

241.

242.

243.

244.

a

245.

60

Economic Plants of Indonesia

S : Paria bel ut, P. rintit; F: Courge serpent, Pato/e, Anguine à fruits longs, Trichosanthe commun; E: Edible snake gourd, Serpent cucumber

Cupressaceae

246. Chamaecyparis funebris (Endl.) Franco ~ (syn.: Cupressus f. Endl.) 1: Cernara cina; J:; S: Camara cina; F: Cyprès funèbre; E: Funeral cypress Chamaecyparis spp. ~ 1: Cemara la ut, Saru; J:; S: Camara cina, C. embun; F: Cyprès; E: Cypress Cupressus sempervirens L. ~ 1: Cemara IlIin, Saru; J:; S: Cemara IlIin; F: Cyprès commun; E: Common cypress, Italian c., Mediterranean c. Junlperus chinensis L. ~ ~ t · 1: Kayu kasturl, Jenewer, Cemara buaya, C. pua-pua; J:; S: Carnara puapua; F: Genévrier de Chine; E: Chinese juniper Thuja orientaIls L. ~ 1: Cemara kipas, Thuya; J:; S : Camara kipas; F: Thuya de Chine, Arbre de vie de Chine; E: Chinese arbor vitae, Oriental a.v., Chinese thuja

247. 248. 249. 250.

Cyatheaceae

251. Cyathea contaminans (Wall. ex Hook.) Copel. ~ $ t 1: Paku tiang, P. pohon, P. simpal, P. tunggak; J: Pakis aji, P. arjuna, P. galar, P. o/eng; S: Paku bogedor, P. haji, P. tihang, P. pohon, P. papan; F : Fougère arborescente, Cyathée; E: Tree fern

Cycadaceae

252. 253. Cycas revoluta Thunb. ~ 1: Penawar jambe, Sekas jepang; J: Pakis tahi; S: Sekas jepang; F : Cycas du Japon; E: Fern palm, Cycas Cycas rumphll Miq. <j J- $ · t ... ~ 1: Paku haji, Sekas haJi, Paku raja; J: Pakis aji, P. dongo/; S: Paku badak, P. haji; F: Mouène, Cycas; E: Cycas, Pakis radja, Gogopoa, Pakoo padak

Cyperaceae

254. Cyperus papyrus L. · $ 1: Papirus, Lili payung; J:; S: Walinl payung; F: Papyrus, Souchet à papier; E: Papyrus plant, Paper reed

Dlctionary

61

Datiscaceae

255. Octomeles sumatrana Miq. · ~ t 1: Benuang, Binuang; J:; 5: Blnuang, Kayu palaka; F: Benuang, Erima; E : Binuang, Benuang, Erima

Dilleniaceae

256. Dillenia spp. (pro parte)

1: 5empur, 5impur, 5impoh, Bawal, Blra-b/ra; J: Drege/, Junt/; 5: 5empur, 5egel; F: Dillénie, Sialit, Simpoh, Majongga, Zinbyun; E : Dillenia, 5empoor, 5impoh, Majongga, Z/nbyun, Djoont/

~

a

~

,

t lf ~"'.. ~

Dioscoreaceae

257. Dioscorea alata L. dtt t 1: Ubi kelapa, U. manis, U. menjangan, U. kenduduk; J: Uw/, U. k/apa, U. legi, U. manis; 5: Huw/, H. kalapa, H. tihang, H. pager; F: Igname ailé, Cambare rouge, Cousse-couche, Igname de Chine; E: White yam, Water y., Greater y., Purple y., Barbados y., Winged y., Ten-months y., Namede agua Dioscorea bulbifera L. dtt t 1: Uwi 5ingapur; J: Uwi kata, Jebubug basu, J. endog, Gembolo, Uwi gandul; 5: Huwi buwah, H. nagrl, H. gandul, H. upas, H. b1ieik; F: Igname bulblfère; E: Air potato, P. yam, Aerial y. Dioscorea esculenta (Lour.) Burk. (syn.: D. aculeata L.)

258.

259.

dtt t

1: Gemblli, Ubi aung, U. landak; J: Gemblll, Sooo, Gembolo; 5: Huwi kamayung, H. eueuk, H. butul, H. landak, H. taropong, H. eeker, H. jahe, H. kawoyang; F: Igname de Ch/ne, Igname a/ou; E: Fancy yam, Goa potato, G. yam, Chinese yam, Potato y., Lesser asiatle y., L. yam, Name papa

260.

Dioscorea hispida Dennst.

dtt t

If

1: Gadung, G. padl, G. kuning, 5ekapa, Bitule, Batl, Kas/mun; J: Gadung; 5 : Gadung, Huwl gadung; F: Igname sawage; E: Wild yam, Karukanda, Baichandi, Peiperendai, Asiatie bitter yam

261.

Dioscorea nummularla Lam. dtt t · · (syn.: D. oppositifolia L. ) 1: Kelunak, Akar kemeny~n;; J: /lus, Kerung, Oyod weron, Werung(an), Wi adyal, Wilus; 5: Huwi upas, Canar beuti, C. peucang; F:;

E: Moneywort yam, Tivoli yam Dioscorea pentaphylla L. dtt t 1 : Ubi pasir, U. sunda, U. duri; J: Katak, K. dewot; 5: Huwl jahe, H. dewata, H. mantri, H. sawut, H. eeker, H. putri; F: Combarée fine; E : Buck yam, Fiji y., Kidney-rooted y. Economie Plants of Indonesia

262.

62

Dipterocarpaceae

263. 264. 265. Anisoptera spp. r:~~ · <1 1: Mersawa, Entenam, Mentenam, Tenam; J:; S: Mersawa Borneo koneng; F: Anisoptère, Krabak, Opobeau; E: Krabak, Mersawa Cotylelobium spp. r'\Ï~ 1: Giam, Resak, Gelam; J: Ge/am; S: Gelam;' F : Resak; E: Resak Oipterocarpus spp. ~ ~ r <1 III 1: Keruing, Keruwing; J: K/a/ar, Derma/a, Kawang; S: Palahlar; F : Diptérocarpe, Arbre à l'hui/e, Keruing, Kruen; E: Dipterocarpus, Keroowing" Gurjun oil tree, Wood-oil 1., Indonesian Keruing Oryobalanop··pp. tjï.~ e & ~ t · <1 1: Kapur. Kayu kapur. Keladan; J:; S: Kapur. Kamper; F: Dryoba/anops, Capur d'Indonésie; E: Indoheslan kapur, Camphor tree Hopea sangal Korth. r'\Ï~ <1 1: Cengal. Damar putih, Sangal; J: Jempina, Kawang; S: Cengal; F: Chenga/; E: Chengal Hopea spp. (proparte) r.~~ <1 t .. 1: Balau, Damar putih; J:; S: Damar putih; F: Ba/au; E: Balau Hopea spp. (proparte) r.~~ <1 t .. 1: Merawan. Mengerawan, Ngerawan; J :,. S: Damar rawan; F: Merawan; E: Merawan Shorea balangeran (Korth.) Burck r.f.~ <1 1: Belangeran, Belangiran, Kaweh, Tomeh; J:; S: Kayu Borneo, Maranti; F: Belangeran; E: Belangeran, Yakal shorea Shorea javanica K. & V. <1 r.jï~ 1: Damar mata kuclng; J: Pe/a/ar, P./engo; S: Damar mata kucing, Marati jawa; F:; E:;" Shorea Isevis Rid/. r.jï~ <1 · 1: Bangkirai. Kumus; J:; S: Maranti, Kayu Borneo, 8angkirai; F: Bangkirai; E: Bangkirai, Gelangan kumus Shorea spp. (pro parte) ~ t ~... <1 1: Balau, Damar laut. Kedawang, Semantok, Singkawang; J:; S : Damar laut; F: Ba/au; E: Balau Shores spp. (pro parte) ~ t <1 1: Meranti, Damar; J:; S: Marant; beureum; F: Meranti, Seraya; E : Meranti, Seraya Shorea spp. (pro parte) e ~ 1: Tengkawang, Sengkawang, Singkawang; J:; S: Maranti kawang, Palahlar endog; F:; E: Vatica spp. rf.~ ~ <1 ~ 1: Resak, Rasak; J: Cenga/; S: Ki tejo, Maranti 1.; F : Resale; E: Resak, Rose dammar, Borneo d.

266. 267. 268. 269. 270. 271. 272. 273. 274. 275. 276.

a

r

Dictionary

63

Ebenaceae

277. 278.

Diospyros celebica Bakh. " 1: Kayu hitam, Amara; J:; S: Sendok keling, Kayu Makasar; F: Ebène de Macassar; E: Macassar ebony Diospyros discolor Willd. t " If (syn.: D. philippensis (Desr.) Gurke) 1: Buah mentega. Bisbul; J: Sambolo; S: Bisbul, Samolo, Mabolo; F : Ebène de Ceylan, Fruit du mabola; E: Butter fruit, Mabolo, Mabola Diospyros kaki L. ~1 1 : Kesemek, Kasemek, Buah kaki; J: Kesemek, Kesemak keledung, Kasemek; S: Kesemek; F: Plaqueminier du Japon, Kaki, Coignassier de Chine, Figue-caque, Néflier du Japon; E: Chinese fig, C. p1um, Japanese persimmon, Kaki, Keg fig of Japan .

a

279.

a t

Ir

Ericaceae

280.

~ t 1: Gandapura; J: Gandapura, Kapirosok, Purworoko, Sanglir, Tanjang, Temigi kasar, Purwajambu; S: Gandapura, Kerlng, Cantigi bodas, C. seungit; F: Gaulthérie, Palommier; E: Gaultheria, Arornatic winter-green

Gaultheria leucocarpa BI.

281.

Rhododendron spp.

t

1: Api-api. Asalias gunung; J:; S: Asalias oyong; F: Rhododendron, Azalée; E: Rhododendron, Alalea, Amerlcan honeysuckle

Euphorbiaceae

282.

Acalypha indica L. t 1 : Lelatang, Rumput bolong-bolong, R. kokosongan; J: Bayeman, Lateng putih; S: Dawolong; F: Ricinelle des Indes; E: Three-seeded mercury, Indian nettle, Acalypha Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd. , t ~ · ~... -1 Il ~ 1: Kemiri, Buah gundu, B. keras, Kembiri, Kemlnting, Kumbik; J: Derekan, Kemiri, Pidekan; S: Muncang; F: Bancoulier des Moluques, Noyer des M., Noix de Bancoul, Aleurite, Camiri; E: Candie nut tree, Bankul nut tree Antidesma bunius (L.) Spreng. ~ t · · · If 1 : Buni, Beras-beras, Wunl, Katakuti; J: Wuni; S: Huni, Buni, Wuni, Barune; F: Antidesme; E: Chlnese laurel, Bignay Antidesma ghaesembllla Gaertn. ~ t ~ 1: Buni leles, Oyam; J: Ande-ande, Dempul, D. le/es, Kenyan, Sepat; S : Oyam; F:; E: Black currant tree Baccaurea dulcis (Jack) Muell.Arg. ~1 1: Tupa, Ketupa, Cupa; J: Kepundung; S: Kapundung, Hecos; F:;

283.

"a

284. 285. 286.

a

a

,

a

E:

64 Economie Plants of Indonesia

287.

Baccaurea javanlca (BI.) Muell.Arg. l'iïJ ~.. 1: Menteng hutan, Kayu pasak, K. jali, Mentengan; J: Kapundung lanang,

Klr/p, J/rek, J. emprit, Maung, Pundung(an), ReJasan, Wuru pinggang;

288. 289.

290. 291.

292. 293. 294. 295.

296.

297.

298. 299. 300.

S : Buah mentengan, Heuclp, Heuclt; F:; E: Baccaurea motleyana Muell.Arg. (j · t !':'~ ~.. .. 181 1: Rambai, Rambeh; J:; S: Karayunan; F:; E: Rambai Baccaurea racem088 (Reinw.) Muell.Arg. (j t l'iïJ · ~.. 1: Kepundung, Menteng; J: Kapundung, Jirek, Jerek; S: Menteng, Ki menteng, KI me(y)ong, Kapundung, Bencoy, Tangkal b.; F: Rambeh; E : Rambal, Rambl Bischofia javanlca BI. ~ (j ~.. t 1: Gadog, Geronjing, Kerinjlng; J: Gentung, Gintung(an); S: Gadog, Ki mahung; F: Bois de l'évêque; E: Bishop wood, Java cedar, Red cedar Codiaeum variegatum (L.) BI. ~ ~ , t If 1: Puring, Pudlng; J: Puring; S: Puring, Daun p., Purung, Katomas, Tomas; F: Croton panaché; E: Bombay laurel, Garden croton, Variegated laurel Elateriospermum tapos BI. ~l (JI (j t -1 III 1: Perah, Tapos, Kedui, Kelampai; J:; S: Tapos; F:; E: Euphorbia antiquorum L. t ~ .. ~ 1: Ketuba, Sudu-sudu; J: Sudu-sudu, Susuru, Susudu; S:; F: Euphorbe des anciens; E: Ancient milkwort, Trlangular spurge Euphorbia cotinifolia L. ~ 1: Ketuba, Katuk merah; J:; S: Babayeman, Kastuba; F:; E: Mazanille bobo Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch ~ ~ t .. 1 : Pohon merah, Denok, Kayu merah, Puring benggala; J: Godong racun, Wit r., Racunan; S: Kastuba beureum; F: Poinsettia, Euphorbe écarlate; E: Dazzle, Poinsettia, Lobster flower, Easter f., Christmas star Euphorbia tirucalli L. t .. ~ 1: Patah tulang; J: Kayu urip, Pacing tawa, Tikel balung; S: Kastuba, Susuru; F: Euphorbe effilé, E. de Malabar, Tirucal/i; E: Tirucalli, Finger tree, Malabar spurge, Milk bush,lndian m. hedge plant Excoecaria agallocha L. t ~~ ~.. 1 : Kayu buta-buta. Buta-buta, Kayu mata buta, Memutah, Mutah, Mentaruh; J: Kayu betah, Kapal, Menengan; S: Bintaos laut, Warejit. Werejit; F: Agalloche d'Amboine, Géor, Calambac, Faux bois d'aigle; E : Blind your eyes tree, Agallocha, Blinding tree, Milky mangrove Excoecarla cochinchlnensls Lour. ~ t 1: Sambang darah; J: Godong remek daging, G. sambang getih; S : Daun remek daging, D. sambang darah; F: Agalloche; E: Agallocha Glochidion spp. r.fj ~ t ~.. .. ... 1: Kedangkal; J: Dempulle/et; S: Ki timbel, Mareme; F:; E: Mareme, Dempoollelet Hevea brasiliensis Muell.Arg. .. e (j ~ 181 1: Karet, Para, Getah, Kejai; J: Karet; S: Karet kipia, Tanglkal k., K. wihwir; F: Hévéa, Caoutchouc du Para; E: Rubber tree"Para-rubber

e

Dlctionary

65

301.

302.

303.

304.

305. 306.

307.

308. 309.

310.

Hura crepitans L. ~ 1: Kerawitan; J : Kerawitan; S : Ki semir, Randu nagri; F: Hure crépitante, Bois du diable, Sablier, Pet du diable; E: Sand-boxtree, Monkey'sdlnner bell Jatropha curcas L. ., t!I Q , ~.. <1 ~ Il 1: Jarak pagar, J. kosta, J. wolanda; J: Jarak cina, J. gundul, J. budeg, J. pager, J. iri; S: Jarak kosta, J. pager, Kallkl p., K hejo; F: Curcas noir, Noix des Barbades, Médecinier, PIgnon d'Inde; E: Physlc nut, Barbados n., Purging n. Jatropha munifida L. t Q ~ 1: Jarak clna; J: Jarak cina; S: Jarak clna, J. gurita; F: Jatropha multifide, Médecinier d'Espagne, Noisetier purgatif, Avelline p., Arbre corail; E: French physlc nut, Tyle berry, Coral plant, Chlcaqull, Tortora, Vuca cimarrona Manihot esculenta Crantz. Q t · 1: Ubi kayu. Singkong, Ketela pohon, Kaspe, Ubi Perancis, U. jendral; J: Te/a pohung, Pohung, Bodin, Kaspe, Telajabut, Kete/apuhun, Te/o; S : Huwi dangdeur, H. jendral, Sampeu, Kasapen, Singkong; F~' Manioc, Cassave; E: Cassava, Manioc, Tapioca, Alpi, Mandioca, Vuca Manihot glaziovii Muel/.Arg. <1 tJ!I ~ ., ~ 1: Singkong karet; J:; S: Sampeu karet; F: Céara; E: Ceara rubber tree, Manicoba 1., Mandihoba Pedilanthus tithymaloides (L.) Poit. ~ <1 ., 1: Pokok lalipan, Penawar Iipan, P. IIIln, Pedong, Tentulang jantan; J:; S : Ki calingcing; F: Dictame royal, Ipecacuanha Mtard; E: Ipecacuanha, Jew-bush, Slipper plant Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skee/s Cl t 1: Cermal, Ceremal, Cereme, Cerme; J: Cereme, Cerme; S: Careme, Cerme; F: Chéramélier, Pomme acide, Carambolier à fruits ronds; E : Otaheite gooseberry, Malay g., Country g., Jimbling Phyllanthus fraternus Webster t If 1: Meniran; J: Meniran, Memeniran; S: Calingcing menIr; F: Niruri, Herbe au chagrin, Quinine créole; E: Ricinus communis L. t!I , t Il If 1: Jarak, Dulang-dulang, Dedulang, Jarak kellkih, J. kalikih, Kastroll; J : Jarak; S: Jarak, J. jitun, Kalikl; F: RicIn, Herbe de castor; E: Castor oil plant Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr. Q 0 ., If ~ 1: Katuk, Katu, Memata, Cekop manis; J: Katukan, Babing, Katu; S : Katuk, Daun katuk; F:; E: Katuk

*"

*

Fabaceae 1 Papilionaceae (Leguminosae pro parte)

311. Abrus precatorius L. t · If ~ 1: Saga bijl, S. betina, Kenderl; J: Saga telik, S. manis; S: Saga areuy, S. cai, S. leutik; F: Liane réglisse, Abrus à chapelet, Liane de bedeau, Réglisse marronne, Ginge, Jequirlty; E: Indian Iiquorice, Jumble bead, Economie Plants of Indonesia

66

312.

313.

314.

315. 316. 317.

318.

319. 320.

321.

322.

Crab's eyes, Rosary paa, Jequirity, Coral beads of Guiney, Coral pea, Paternoster bean, Bead tree Arachis hypogaea L. & Jt B t · III 1: Kacang tanah; J: Kacang brol, K. bruI, K. cina, K. brudul, K. jebrol, K. pendem, K. srentul, K. srintil, K. tuban; S: Ka~ng suuk, K. taneuh, Suuk; F : Arachide; E: Groundnut, Peanut (US), Goober, Monkey nut Cajanus cajan Millspaugh (syn.: Cajanus indicus) & t · III 1: Kacang Bali, K. Iris, K. gude, K. kayu, Gude; J: Kacang gude, K. kayu, Gude; S: Kacang hiris, Hiris; F: Ambrévade, Pois d'Ango/e, P. de bois, P. cajan, Cajan; E: Pigeon pea, cajan p., Congo pea, Red gram, No-eye pea, catjang Canavalia enslformis (L.) OC. Il & , t Y 1: Kacang parang, K. prasman; J: Kara bendo, K. pedang, K. haji, K. dodog, K. loke, K. wedung, Kacang nyonya, Krandang; S: Kara bedog, Kacang Mekah, K. prasman, Koas parasman, K. bakol, K. pedang; F: Pois sabre, Haricot s.; E: Sword bean, Horse b., Jack b., Chickasaw lima Centrosema pubescens Benth. III 1:; J:; S: KI besin; F: Centrosème; E: Centrosema, Pea f1ower, Spurred butterfly pea Cicer arietinum L. & Jt Il 1: Kacang arab, K. kuda; J:; S: Kacang arab; F: Pois chiche; E : Chick pea, Common gram, Bengal gram, Garbanzo (US) Crotalaria mucronata Desv. lllI · ~... t 1: Kruncungan, Keroncong, Keroncongan, Pijitran; J: Orok-orok, Gelur, Enceng-enceng, Orok sapi; S: Gehger sore, Gerong, Kekecrekan; F : Crotalaire ; E: Water bush Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. Y 1: Sonokeling; J: Sanakeling, Sanasungu, Sonobrits; S: Sonokeling; F : Palissandre de Java, P. des Indes, Bois de rose, Dalbergie à grandes feuilles; E: Javanese palissander, Rosewood of Southern India, East Indian rosewood, Bombay r., Rosetta r., Bombay blackwood Derris elliptica (Wall) Benth. t 1: Akar tuba, Tuba, Akar jenu; J: Besto, Oyod belon, Tuba akar, T. jenu; S : Tuba, Tuwa laleur, T.laleteng, Deris; F: Derris, Tuba; E: Derris, Tuba Erythrina subumbrans (Hassk.) Merr. Il & t 1f~ .;. 1: Dadap minyak, D. duri, D. serep, D. cucuk; J: Dadap lengah, D. ri, D. Iisah, D. ree, D. serep; S: Dadap lesang, D. cucuk, D. rangrang, D. blendung, D. minyak; F: Erythrine des Indes, Arbre immortel, Pignon d'Inde; E: Indiancoral tree, December tree, Dadap tree Erythrina variegata L. 10 & t 1f~ .;. 1: Dadap ayam, D. laut; J: Dadap ayam, D. laut; S: Belendung, Dadap b., D. cangkring; F: Erythrine des Indes, Arbre immortel, Pignon d'Inde; E : Indian coral tree, December 1., Dadap 1. Gliricldia seplum (Jacq.) Walp. .;. ~r~ · 1: Kacang giping, Gamal; J:; S: Kacang giping, Roway krupuk; F: Gliricidia; E :Nicaraguan cocoa shade, Madre de cacao

Dlctionary

67

323.

324. 325. 326.

327.

Glycine max (L.) Merr. (syn.: G. h/sp/da, Soja max) : ~ 1 : Kedelal, Kacang kedelal, Kedele; J: De/e, Dekeman, Demekan, Gade/e, Kede/e, Kedungsu/, Dangsu/; S: Kedele, Kacang bulu, K. jepun, K. kedele; F: Soja; E: Soya beàn, Soybean (US) Glycyrrhiza glabra L. llf · .. t 1: Kayu manis clna; J: Kayu /egi; S: Kayu manis, Ki amis; F: Réglisse; E : Common Iiquorice Indigofera spp. ~.. t III 1: Tarum; J: Tom, Etom; S: Tarum; F: Indigotier, Ani!; E: Indigo plant Inocarpus edulis R. & G.Forster & a t r,v~ 10 1: Gayam, Gayang, Gasep, Gatep, Tolok; J: Gayam; S: Gayam, Gatet; F: /nocarpe comestible; E: Otahelte chestnut, Tahiti ch., Polynesian ch., Fiji ch. Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet & t Il (syn.: Dolichos /ab/ab, D. benga/ensis, Lab/ab niger) 1: Komak, Kara-kara, Kacang kara, K. bado, K. biduk, Kekara; J: Kara,

f;

K. wedus, K. putih, K. andong, K. krupuk, K. /unjar, K. uceng, Kekara;

F : Antaque, Pois bourcoussou, Dolique /ab/ab;

328. 329.

330.

331.

332.

333.

S : Kacang jeriji, K. peda, Roway krupuk, R. peda, R. bedog, R. katopes; E: Bonavlsta bean, Lablab, Hyacinth bean, Egyptian b., Monavist Lens culinaris Medik. (syn.: L. escu/enta) & Jt: 1: Kacang adas, Miju; J:; S: Kacang adas; F: Lentille; E: Lentil Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. & (syn.: Dolichos unit/orus, D. bit/orus) 1: Kekara, Kacang karas; J:; S: Kacang karas, Rarawea; F: Grain de cheval; E: Horse gram Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. III & t 1 : Kekara juleh, Kacang miang, K. babi, K. benguk, Benguk, Kerawal, Rawe; J: Kara benguk, K. rawe, Benguk; S: Kowas, Kacang kowas, Benguk; F: Pois mascate, Liane à gratter, Mucuna irritant; E: Cowitch, Florida velvet bean Pachyr(r)hizus erosus (L.) Urban ~ 61 & t .... 1: Bengkuang, Sengkuang, Bangkuang; J: Bengkuwang, Besusu; S : Huwi hiris, Bangkuwang; F: Pois manioc, P. cochon, P. patate, Dolic bulbeux; E: Yam bean, Potato b., Wayaka plant Phaseolus lunatus L. (syn.: P. limensis) & t Il 1: Kekara, Kacang mas; J: Kara, Kratok; S: Kacang mas, Roway minyak, Kacang roway; F: Haricot du Cap, H. de Lima, Pois savon, P. de 7 ans, P. du Cap, Ca/amac, Fève créole; E: Civet bean, Lima b" Kakara b., Duffin b., Butter b" Madagascar b., Sieva b. Phaseolus vulgaris L. (syn.: P. escu/entus) & 1: Kacang merah, K. buncis, Buncis, Boncis, Buncis merah; J: Buncis, Karo buncis, K. tonggak, K. /ompeh, Ucet; S: Buncis, Kacang rompes, K. kopak, K. beureum, K. jogo, K. tunggak; F: Haricot commun, H. vert; E : Common bean, Garden b., Kidney b., French b., Haricot Economie Plants of 1 ndonesia

68

334.

335.

336.

337.

338.

339. 340. 341. 342.

Pisum satiwm L. & 1 : Ercls, Kacang ercls, K. kaprl, K. polong; J: Kaeang po/ong, Kapri, Po/ong genjah, P. plels, P. priangan; S: Gamet, Kacang kapri, K. polong; F: Pois cultivé, PetIt poIs; E: Garden pea, Pea Pongamia plnnata (L.) Merr. . t tif ~l · Il ~.. 1 : Kacang kayu laut, Malapari; J: Bangkong, Keplk; S: Ki pahang, Kacang p., KI p. laut; F: Arbre de Pongo/ete, Pongami; E: Woody sea bean, Indian beech, Pongam, Kurrung oil plant' .. Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC. & tk. el t ~ llfJI 1: Keclpir, Kacang botor, K. belimbing; J: Kecipir, Cipir, Cieipir; S: Jaat, Roway J.; F: Pois carré; E: Four-angle<;! bean, Wingecl b., Goa b., Asparagus pea Pterocarpus Indicus Willd. r,~~ & ~ tif .. 1: Sonokembang, Angsana, ~ngsanau, Kayu merah, L1ngua, Sena; J : Angsana, Sana, S. kapur, S. kembang; S: Angsana; F: Amboine, Santal rouge; E: Narra, Amboyna, ManUa padauk, Andaman reclwood, Indian recl sandal wood Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir. lllWl & t i ~.... 1: Turi; J: Turi; S: Turi; F: Bois d'agati, Colibri végétal, Gommierpeau d'oignon; E: Sesban, Corkwood tree, West Indian pea tree, Vegetable humming, Agati sesbania Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. ~ & t !1ïj · 1: Jayanti; J: Janti, Giyanti, Kelor wana; S: Jayanti; F: Sesbania; E: Sesban Vicia faba L. $ tk. 1: Kacang babi; J: Oncet, Kara oneet; S: Kacang babi; F: Féverolle commune, Fève des marais; E: Field bean, Broad b., Garden b. Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper (syn.: Phaseolus mungo) & t 1: Kacang mungo; J:; S:; F: Haricot mungo, Ambérique; E: Black gram, Urd bean Vigna radiata (L.) Wilezek &

w

t ·

(syn.: Phaseolus radiatus, P. aureus) 1: Kacang hijau, K. padi, K. clndai; J: Kacang ijo, K. jong; S: Kacang hejo, K. herang; F: Ambérique, Soja vert, Haricot mungo, H. doré;

E : Green gram, Golden g., Mung bean, Kachang hijau

343.

Vigna subterranea (L.) Verde. (syn.: Voandzeia s. Thou.) & 1: Kacang Bogor, K. ManUa, K. Banten; J: Kacang Banten, Kara pendem; S : Kacang Bogor, K. Bandung, K. gengge, K. jogo, K. gondolo, K. ManUa; F : Voandzou, Pois bambara, P. d'Ango/e; E : Earth pea, Bambara Vigna umbellata (Thunb.) Ohwi & Ohashi & t · ~ (syn.: Phaseolus calcaratus, Vigna ca/carata, Adzukia umbellata) 1: Kacang oci, K. uci; J: Kacang ruji, K. oei, K. uei, K. K. enjing; S : Kacang kenyut, K. oci; F: Haricot riz; E: Rice bean Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. & t t · ~.. (syn.: V. sinensis, V. catjang, V. sesquipedalis) 1: Kacang panjang, K. merah, K. tunggak, K. belut, K. cina, K. lanjaran, K. tolo, K. bengkok; J : Kaeang gleyor, K. lanjaran, K. usus, K. panjang, K.

69 groundnut, Congo coober

344.

345.

Dictionary

tunggak;

S: Kacang belut, K. dadap, K. panjang, K turus, K. rujl, K landep, K. landes, K peujlt; F: Dolique asperge, Har/cot mètre, H. kilomètre, H. dolique, Dolique, N/ébé; E: Asparagus bean, Horse gram, Yard-long bean, Cowpea, Black-eye bean, Southem paa, SowPea

Fagaceae

346. Castanopsis argentea (BI.) DC. qïJ ~ If 1: Berangan duri, B. dangkal, B. gajah, B. hajl, Sanlnten; J: Sarangan; S : Saninten; F: Chataigner de Java, Saninten; E: Java chestnut tree, Saninten Llthocarpus spp. ~ ~ & If · 1: Pasang; J: Pasang; S: Pasang; F:; E: TanOOrk oak, Chestnut oak Quercus lusltanica Lam. t 1: Majakan, Majakane, Majakanl, Pasang OOtu; J: Majakane; S: Pasang OOtu; F: Noix de galle d'Alep, Chêne à /a noix de galle, Chêne des teinturiers; E: Mecca galls, Dyer's oak, Nut-gall oak Quercus spp. rf~ If · 1: Pasang; J: Pasang, Bataruwa, Wrakas; S: Pasang kayang; F: Chêne; E: Oak

347. 348.

Ir

349.

Flacourtiaceae

350. Flacourtla Inermls Roxb. ~ 1: Lobl-Iobi asam, Lubl-lubl; J: Lobe-Iobe, Lob/-Iobi; S: Lobl-lobl, Saradan kayu; F: Prunier de la Martinique; E: Batako plum, Lovl-lovl, Plum of Martinique Flacourtia rukam Zoll. & Mor. ~ & t · 1 : Rukam, Piyung, Rukem, Lobl-Iobi manis; J: Rukem, Saradan, Gandarukem, Landak; S: Kupa landak, Rukem; F: Prunier de Chine, P. café, P. malgache; E: Rukam . Homalium foetidum (Roxb.) Benth. " 1: Gia, Batu OOgelang, Kalat-kalat, Matandauw; J:; S:; F: Bo/s de fer de Temate, Ma/as, Aranga; E: Malas, Aranga Muntingla calabure L. ~ t · · 1: Ceri, Kersen; J:; S: Kersen; F: Calabure, Arbre de sole, Bo/s de soie; E: Japanese cherry tree, Indlan c. 1., Capulln, Silk-wood trae, Calabur tree Pangium edule Reinw. t fi!I ~ & , q;~ If · 1: Kepayang, Kapayang, Pangl, Pucung, K1uwek; J: Pakem, Pucung, Keluak; S: Picung, Pacung,Pucung, Biii kelewek; F:; E: Pangl

351.

352. 353.

354.

Gesneriaceae

355. Aeschynanthus spp. ., 1: Sawai, Akar berenas, A. seteOOl, A. kecubung air; J:; S: Akar ki cabe, Piulces ramOOt; F:; E: Blush-wort Economlc Plants of Indonesia

70

356. 357. 358.

Epl8ela reptan8 Mart. ~ 1: Jenggot yahudl, Tai angln; J:; S: Ki jenggot, Tai angin; F:; E: Searlet Afrlean violet Salntpaulialonantha Wendl. ~ 1: Saintpaulia, Piulces; J:; S: Plulces; F:; E: Afriean violet Slnnlngia 8peelosa (LOOd.) Hiern ~ 1: Glokslnla, Kembang kertas; J:; S: Kembang kertas; F: Gloxinia; E: Gloxinia

Gnetaceae

359.

Gnetum gnemon L. ~ ~ 1 : Mellnjo, Bellnjo, Manlnjo, Menlnjo, Karuk; J: 50, Melinjo, Trangkil, Bagu, Bogor, Grintul, Manin/a, Wit grintul; S: Tangkll, T. sake, Ki tangkil, Manlnjo; F: Gnet; E: Gnetum

a

·

Gonystylaceae

360.

GonY8tylu8 8pp. ~ ., 1: Ramin, Kayu bulu, Gaharu buaya, Menameng, Nameng; J:; S : Ramin; F: Ramin; E: Ramin

!\ ·

Hamamelidaceae

361.

Altlngla exeelsa Norona 'i~ ~ 1: Rasamala, Seludang, Getah rasamala, Raksamala, Mala; J:; S : Rasarnala, Mala; F: Storax véritable, Liquidambar, Rasamala; E : Liquidambar, Rasarnala

., -1

Heliconiaceae

362.

~ · · · J:; S: Plsang hias, Caeauan; F: Héliconie, Bihai; E: Table leaf, Bastard plantain

Helieonia spp.

1 : Pisang hias, P. kuall, Daun mejl,. Larin, Laiklt, Salklt;

Hydrangeaceae

363. 364. 365.

Diehroa febrifuga Laur.

~

1: Gigil; J: Gigi!; S: Gigil, Tatarurnan; F:; E:

Dlehroa sylvatiee (Reinw. ex BI.) Me". 1: Gigil; J: Gigil; S: GigI!; F:; E: Hydrangea maerophylla (Thunb.) Ser. ex OC. (syn.: H. hortensia Siebold) 1: Kembang bokor; J:; S: Kembang bokor; F: Hortensia; E : Hydrangea, Guelder rose

~

~

Dletlonary

71

Iridaceae

366. 367. Belameanda chlnensis (L.) OC. ~ 1 : Semprit; J: Semprit, Wordi; S: Brojo IIntang, Jamaka, Semprit. Sullnga; F: Iris tigré, Lis 1., Morée de Chine; E: Blackberry Illy Eleutherlne palmlfolia (L.) Me". ~ 1: Bawang kapal, B. sabrang, Bunga clna; J : Brambang sabrang, Luluwan sapi, Tekl sabrang; S: Babawangan beureum, Bawang sabrang, B. slyem; F: Eleutherine; E: Gladlolus Imbrleatus L. ~ 1: Gladiol; J:; S: Karadlul; F: Glaïeul; E: Gladlole, Sword Illy

368.

Lamiaceae / Lablatae

369. Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Pol1. , t 1 : Lampesan, Ruku-ruku hutan, Ruku hutan, Sumenglt; J: Baslnan, Slangking, Tobil, Lampesan, Sangketan; S: Jukut bau, Karang b.; F: Balotre camphrée; E: Spikenard-ballota, West-Indian splkenard Mentha arvensis L. var. Javanlea (BI.) Hook. t , 1: Poko, Daun poko, Rumput mentol; J: Janggot, Janggat; S: Bljanggut, Bujanggut, Hahadeusan, Keresmen; F: Menthe des champs; E: Corn mlnt Ocimum amerieanum L. & t 1: Kernangi; J: Kemangi; S: Surawung; F: Ocim, Basilic des moines; E : Holy basll, Monk's b., Sacred baSIl Oclmum basllicum L. , & t ~ 1 : Selasih putih, Selaseh; J: Se/asih, Te/asih; S: Selaslh, SoIaslh, Surawung; F: Basilic; E: Sweet basil, Common basll, Royal basll Ocimum gratissimum L. t ~ 1: Selasih besar, S. jambl, S. clna. S. Mekah, Ruku-ruku rlmba; J: Se/asih Mekah, S. cina; S: Selaslh Mekah; F: Basilic en arbre, Marjolaine rouge; E: East-Indian basil, Shrubby basil, Vriadhatulasl, Ramtulsl Oclmum tenuiflorum L. t & 1: Lampes, Kemangl hutan, Ruku-ruku; J: Kemangen, Lampes; S : K1ampes, Lampes, Lampias; F: Oclm, Basilic des moines; E: Hoary basll, Holy basil Orthosiphon arlstatus (BI.) M/q. t 1: Kumls kucing, Remujung; J: Remuk Jung; S: Kumls uclng; F : Barbiflore, Thé de Java; E: Java tea Plectranthus ambolnicus (Lour.) Spreng. t , 1: Daun jinten, D. hatl-hatl, Bangun-bangun, Sukan; J: Daun kucing; S : Ajeran, Aceran, Daun jinten; F: Co/eus d'Amboine; E: Coleus, Country borage, Indian b.

e

370.

e

371. 372. 373.

e

374.

e

375. 376.

e

72

Economie Plants of Indonesia

377.

378. 379. 380.

Pleetranthus rotundifolius (Poir.) Spreng. J- & , 1: Kentang Jawa, Kembill, Ubi kemblll; J: Gembili, Kumbili jawa, Kentang J., K. jembut, K. i/er, K. ireng, K. kentul, K. klici; S: Huwl kentang, Kentang Bogor, Kumeli; F: Coleus à tubercules; E: Hausa potato Pleetranthus scutellarloides (L.) R.Br. t ~ 1: Mayana, Miana, Adang-adang, Atl-ati; J: Kentangan, I/er; S: Jawer kotok; F:; E: Pogostemon cablin Bth. ê t 1 : Nilam, Dilem; J: Di/em; S: Dllem; F: Patchouli; E: Patchuli, Patchouli, Patchuly Salvia splendens Sel/o ~ t 001 1: Salvia; J: Langon, Legetan, L. warak, Randa nunut; S: Salpiah; F: Sauge écarlate; E: Scarlet sage

Lauraceae

381. 382.

Aiseodaphne spp. ~ 1: Medang; J: Wuru; S: Huru; F:; E: Cinnamomum burmanll (C.G. & Th. Nees) BI. , ~ t · 1 : Kayu manis, Kulit m., Cassiavera, Padang cassla; J: Manis jangan; S : Kayu manis, Kulit m., Ki amis, Huru mentek; F: Cannelier doux; E : Cassiavera, Batavia clnnamon, Sweet c., Padang cassia Clnnamomum camphora (L.) Nees & Eberm. -1 ê ~ 1: Kapur barus, Kampef, Kayu sere; J:; S: Kayu kamper, K. sereh; F : Camphrier, Laurier à camphre; E: Camphor tree (Japan) Cinnamomum cassia Nees ex BI. , ~ t 1 : Kayu manis cina, Bunga lawang, Kembang lawang; J:; S: Kayu manis, Kulit m., Ki teja; F: Fausse cannel/e, Cannelier de Chine, C. du Malabar, C. casse, Laurier casse; E: Saigon cinnamon, Chlnese c., Cassia bark, C.lIgnea Cinnamomum grandiflorum Kosterm. t , ~ 001 (syn.: C. culilawan BI. ) 1 : Kayu lawang, Kulit lawang; J:; S: Kayu bawang; F: Coulilavan, Coulilaban; E :Culilaban, Culilawan bark plant, Kulit lawang Cinnamomum Iners Reinw. ex BI. , ~ t 'i~ ~ 1: Kayu teja; J: Teja; S: KI tej~; F: Cannelier de Java; E: Wild cinnamon, Malabar leaf c. Cinnamomum parthenoxylon (Jack) Meissn. · , ~ t 1: Selasihan, Kayu gadis, K. lada, Medang resah, M. lesah, M. selaroh; J : Selasihan, Telasihan; S: Huru pedes, Ki p., KI sereh, Kllada, Sintok badak; F: Sassafras des Indes, Bois de camphre; E: Martaban camphor tree, Tree galanga Clnnamomum verum J.S.Presl. , tri ~ t ~ (syn.: C. zeylanicum Breyn. ) 1: Kayu manis; J:; S: Kayu manis; F: Cannelier de Ceylan; E: Ceylon cinnamon, True c. tree

383. 384.

385.

386. 387.

388.

Dlctionary

73

389.

Cryptocarya massoy (Oken) Kosterm. (syn.: Cinnamomum m.) Dehaasia spp.

, .'

t

e

1: Masoy(i), Masoi; J: Kayu masoyi; S: Mangsol, Masoy; F: Massoy; E: Massoy

390 391.

!V! t

1: Medang; J:; S: Huru kacang, H. pedes; F: Medang; E: Eusideroxylon zwagerl T. & B. ~ t 1: Kayu besl, Belian, Bulian, Ulln, Bulln, Tembesl; J:; S: Ki beusi, Huru

cau; F: Bois de fer de Bornéo, Ebonite, Bilian, Belian; E: Borneo Ironwood, B. billian Laurus nobilis L. , 1: Salam belanda, S. anjing, Laurel; J:; S: Salam anJing; F: Laurier, Laurier-sauce; E: Laurel, True bay, Sweet bay Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers. , rf! · 1: Krangeyan, Kayu Iimo; J: Krangeyan; S: Ki lemo, Lemo; F: Cubèbe;

392. 393. 394. 395.

et

Litsea garciae Vidal. (syn.: L. sebifera BI. ) Cl B t ~ -1 llllI 1 : Malai, Medang kapas; J: Wuru liIin; S: Huru tangkalak; F: Bols d'oiseau, Faux cerisier de Chine, Bois zozo; E: Litsea monopetala (Roxb.) Pers. (syn.: L. polyantha Juss.) ~ B t 1 : Medang busuk, M. kunyit, Bangang; J: Gempur, Wuru dedek, W.

kunyit; S: Huru koneng, H. manuk, H. pinggan; F: Bois d'oiseau, Avocat marron; E: Litsea odorifera Valet. ~ '1 1: Brawas, Perawas, Trawas; J:; S: Trawas, Huru bueuk; F: L1tsée (esp.); E: . Litsea robusta BI. 'ii 1 : Medang mangga; J: Nyampu gombor; S: Huru manggah, H. tangkalak, Tangkalak; F: Avocat marron (esp.); E: Persea americana Mill. (syn.: P. gratissima Gaertn.) Cl" ~ 1 : A1pokat, Advocat, Adpokat, Apokat, Pokat, Pukat; J: Alpokat, Plokat; S : Apuket, A1pukat, Alpuket; F: Avocatier; E: Avocado pear tree, Alligator pear Persea sintoc (BI.) Bischoff (syn.: Cinnamomum sintok BI. ) ~ 1 : Sintok; J: Wuru sintok; S: Sintok, Huru slntok; F: Sintoc; E: Sintok Phoebe grandis (Nees) Merr. (syn.: P. opaca BI. ) !If' 1: Medang payung; J: Wuru; S: Huru kacang, H. payung, H. madang, H. taleus, Ki koneng; F: Laurier-soie; E:

E:

396. 397. 398.

e

e

399. 400.

t

e

Lecythidaceae

401. Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. ssp. spicata (BI.) Payens !V! 1: Putat, P. ayam; J: Putat; S: Putat; F: Jambosier à angles aIgus; E: Indian oak, Putat lemlik

t

74

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Llllaceae

402. Alllum cepa L. forma ascalonlcum ~ t 1: Bawang merah, B. acar, Oasun merah, Berambang, Brambang; J : Brambang, B. abang; S: Bawang acar, B. beureum; F: Echalote; E: Shallot . Alllum cepa L. forma cepa ~ t 1: Bawang Bombay, B. besar; J:; S: Bawang Bombay; F: Oignon; E: Onlon Allium flstulosum L. ~ 1: Bawang daun, B. semprong, B. sop, B. benggala; J: Bawang oncang; S : Bawang bakung, B. sap, B. elna; F: Ciboule, Oignon d'hiver; E : Walsh onlon, Stone leek, Japanese bunching, Clbol Alllum odorum L. ~ , t 1: Kucal, Sigando, Ganda kawat, Bawang kucal; J: Kucai, Pucai; S : Bawang kucal, B. ganda; F:; E: Fragrant flower garlie, Kinstal, Chinese ehive Allium porrum L. ~ 1: Bawang pere, B. prel, Peral; J: Bawang sayuran, B. pre, Pre; S : Bawang pere, B. parai, B. Bali, B. pire; F: Poireau; E: Leek Allium satlvum L. ~ , t 1 : Bawang putih, Oasun; J: Bawang; S: Bawang bodas; F: Ail commun; E: Garlle Allium schoenoprasum L. ~ 1: Lokio, Bawang langklo; J:; S: Langkio; F: Ciboulette, Civette; E: Chive Asparagus officlnalis L. ~ 1: Asparagus, Sepersl, Spersis, Sapersl, Akar parsi; J:; S: Asparageus, Spersls; F: Asperge; E: Garden asparagus Asparagus plumosus Baker ~ 1: Asparagus; J:; S: Asparageus; F:; E: Asparagus-fern, Fern asparagus Crinum asiaticum L. ~ t 1: Bakung; J: Bakung, Bawang brojo/; S: Bakung; F: Lis sauvage; E : Wild liIy, Asiatie poison bulb Crinum spp. ~ t 1: Bakung; J: Bakung; S: Bakung; F: Crino/e; E: African liIy, Crinum liIy Curculigo latifolia Oryand. · Cl t · 1: Oaun bungkus, O. marasl, Lemba; J: Bedur, Nyangkuh, Te/otog; S : Marasi, Parasl, Congkok; F: Curculige, Curculigine; E: African liIy, Weevil plant Gloriosa superbe L. ~ t 1: Bunga sungsang, B. jonggrang, Mendeleka, Paeing tawa; J: Oongkel sungsang, Pa.cing tawa, Mandalika; S: Katongkat; F: Superbe de

403. 404.

405.

406. 407. 408. 409. 410. 411. 412. 413.

414.

Oletlonary

75

Madagascar, S. de Malabar; E: Superb liIy, Climbing 1., Country aconite,

415. 416.

Glory Illy Hippeastrum spp. ~ t 1: Bunga bakung; J:; S: Kembang babawangan; F: Hippeastrum; E : Fire liIy, Equestrian star, Knight's star (Illy) Polianthes tuberosa L. ~ & t 1: Sedap malam, Sundal malam, Pukul empat; J: Sundel malam; S : Sundel malam, Sedap malam; F: Tubéreuse, T. des Indes, Jacinthe des 1., Belle de nuit, Nyctage, Faux jalap; E: Tuberose

Limnocharitaceae (Butomaceae pro parte)

417. Limnocharis flava (L.) Buchenau & · 1: Eceng, Gele sawah, Genjer bangeng; J: Centongan, Berek, Bengok, Wewehan, Timpuhyung; S: Genjer, Genyer, Saber, Gendot, Bageug; F: Plantain d'eau; E: Yellow velvetleaf

Loganiaceae

418. 419. 420. Fagraea fragrans Roxb. ,~ t ~ 1: Tembesu paya, T. rawang, T. renah; J: Tembesu; S: Tembesu; F: Bois de fer de Sumatra, Tembesu; E: Tembesu, Burma yellowheart Strychnos lucida R.Br. t · ~) 1: Bidara laut, B. pait, B. gunung, B. putih, Kayu ular; J: Dara laut, D. putih; S: Bidara laut; F: Bois serpent, Vomiquier (esp.); E: Strychnos nux-vomica L. t ~~ 1: Bidara laut, B. cina; J:; S: Bidara laut; F: Noix vomique, Vomiquier; E : Nux vomica tree, Vomie nut, Strychnine tree

Lycopodiaceae

421. Lycopodium spp. ~ 1: Kumpai, Ekor kera; J: Pakis kawat; S: Kumpai, Paku kawat, Buntut bajing; F: Lycopode, Pied de loup; E: Fir moss, Club moss, Wolf's claw

Lythraceae

422. 423. 424. 76 Cuphea spp. ~ 1: Kuphea, Tailan beuti; J:; S: Tailan beuti; F: Cuphea, Saliquier des Indes; E: Cuphea, Taiwan beauty Lagerstroemia flos-reginae Retz. ~~~ .!If t lf ~ 1: Bungur; J: Bungur, Ketangi, Laban, Wungu; S: Bungur; F: Adambé glabre, Banglang, Jarul; E: Indian bloodwood, Pyinma, Jarool Lagerstroemia indica L. ~ · 1: Bungur jepang; J:; S: Bungur jepang; F: Lagerstrémie (esp.); E : Crape myrtle Economie Plants of Indonesia

425.

Lawsonia Inermis L. ~.. B ~ t r,~~ t ~. . ~ 1: Pacar jawa, lnai, Hinai; J: Pacar kuku; S: Pacar kuku, P. jawa; F: Henné; E: Henna shrub, H. bush, Camphire

10

Magnoliaceae

426. 427. Michelia alba OC. ~ t !"f".! ~ 1: Cempaka putih, Cepaka p.; J: Pecari putih, Cempaka p.; S: Campaka bodas; F: Qhampac à fleurs blanches; E: Chempaka Michelia champaca L.

~

t

~.! ~

1 : Kantil, Cempaka kuning, C. gondok, Cepaka k.; J: Kantil, Locari, Pecari, Campaka kuning; S: Campaka koneng, Gondok; F: Champac à fleurs jaunes, Sampac; E: Chempaka, Champaca, Fragrant champac

Malvaceae

428. Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench $ B .. t · Il 1 : Kopi arab, Bunga dapros; J:; S: Kembang dapros; F: Gombo,

Ketmie comestible, Okra, Calou, Calalou; E: Lady's fingers, Gombo, Gumbo, Okra, Ochro Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik. $ · ~ 1 : Gedi, Bunga dapros gedil; J: Gedi, Gidi; S: Gedi, Gidi, Kembang dapros; F: Ketmie à feuilles de manioc; E: Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. ~ t · · (syn.: Hibiscus abelmoschus L.) 1 : Kasturi, Kesturi, Gandapura; J: Kasturi, Regula, Waron, Kapasan, Rewolou; S: Kapasan, Kaworo, Kembang kapas; F: Ketmie musquée, Hibiscus m., Ambrette; E: Musk mallow, Marsh m., Mallow rose Abutllon spp. t · ~ 1 : Angurl, Bunga petang, B. waktu kuning,B. anting-anting, Baru lau, Kembang sore kecil; J: Cemplak,Cemplok, Kecemplok; S: Kembang anting-anting; F: Abutilon; E: Country mallow, Twelwe o'dock flower, Moon f., Flowering maple, Chinese lantern, Indian mallow, Yellow mallow

429. 430.

431.

432. 433.

Gossypium spp.

· B $

t 800

434.

435.

1: Kapas; J:; S: Kapas; F: Cotonnier; E: Cotton tree Hibiscus cannabinus L. · B $ 001 1: Henep, Jute jawa, Tisuk; J:; S: Tisuk; F: Kénaf, Dah, Chanvre de Gambo, C. de Bombay, C. du Deccan, C. de Guinée; E: Decan hemp, Kenaf, Java Jute, Ambari hemp, Bimlipatum tree, Bimli Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. ~ t · ~... 1: Bunga sepatu, Bunga raja, Mandeleka, Mendeleka, Uribang; J : Wora-wari; S: Kembang wera; F: Rose de Chine, Ketmie de C., Langue de C.; E: China rose, Shoe f10wer Hibiscus sabdariffa L. $ B <3 , .la' IlOO If ~ 1: Rosela; J:; S: Gamet walanda, Ki sujen; F: Ketmie rose, K. acide, Roselle, Oseille de Guinée; E: Roselle, Rozelle, Indian sorrel, Red s., Jamaican s.

t

t ·

Dictlonary

77

436. 437.

Hibiscus spp. L. ~ 1: Hibiskus, Waru, Baru; J: Waru; S :Waru; F: Hibiscus, Ketmie, Mahot; E : Rose mallow, Hibiscus Hibiscus tiliaceus L.

· t

438. 439.

1: Baru, Waru, Rangkang; J: Waru, W. /enga, W. /isah, W. rangkang, W. faut, W. /engis; S: Waru, W. laut; F: Majagua, Mahot franc, Bois de liège; E: Sea hibiscus, Gatapa, Majagua, Cork wood, Seaslcle mahoe Hibiscus tiliaceus L. ssp. similis (L.) Borss. ~ ,~ · ... 1: Waru gunung; J: Waru gombong, W. kopek, W. rangkang; S: Waru gunung; F:; E:

liï.~ 180 · ~

Urena lobata L.

· t 180

If

1 : Pulutan sapl, Ampulut-pulut, Pungpurutan; J: Legetan, Pu/utan, P. sapi, P. kebo; S: Pungpulutan, P. awewe, Pungpurutan; F: Urène, Paka, Cousses, Hérisson rouge, Pseudo/ute; E: Indian mallow, Candillo, Aramina plant, Congo jute, Caesar weed

Marantaceae

440. 441. 442. Calathea spp.

I : Kalatea; J:; S: Kalatea; F: Ca/athea; E: Calathea

~ J-

Halopegia blumel (Koern.) K.Schum.

J-

I : Daun birarut; J: Je/antir, Lemungsir; S: Patat, P. beti; F:; E: Maranta arundlnacea L. J- ., 1: Arairut, Arerut, Ararut, Sagu Belanda, S. Betawl; J: Garut, Nggarut, Angkrik, Arus, Je/arut, Waerut; S: Larut, Patat sagu, Harut, Daun lipung; F : Marante arundinacée, Arrowroot, Herbe aux flèches; E: Arrowroot, West-Indian a.

Marsileaceae

443. Marsllea crenata Pres/. ~ $ 1: Semanggi; J:; S: Calincingan; F: Marsi/ea; E: Water clover, W. shamrock, Pepperwort, Nordoo plant

Melastomataceae

444. 445. 446. Dactylocladus stenostachys Oliv.

1: Madang, Medang, Mentibu; J:; Merubong; E: Jongkong, Merubong S: Medang;

~"l

F: Jongkong,

Medinllla spp. ~ $ If ., 1: Tali morea, Bongkol, Capit udang; J:; S: Harendong mangandeuh, H. akar, Areuy manjel; F: Médinillier; E: Medinllla Melastoma spp. t Cl $ ~ ... If ~ 1: Senduduk, Sekeduduk, Sikeduduk, Kemandeng; J: K/uruk, Senggani; S : Harendong bulu; F: Mé/astome; E: Singapore rhododendron, Indian r., Malabar gooseberry, American gooseberry

Economie Plants of Indonesia

78

Mellaceae

447. 448. 449. Azadirachta indica A.Juss. t ;FI & r.~~ III ~.. .,. ~ 1: Mimba; J: Mimba, Imba; S:; F: Lilas des Indes, Margousier, Neem, Azédarac ailé; E: Margosa tree, Neem tree, Nimba, Indian liIac Dysoxylum denslflorum (BI.) Miq. " 1: Cempaga, Pasak Iingga, Rambai cengkuang; J: Kraminan, Cempaga, Cepaga; S: Kapinango, Pisltan monyet, Maraningan, Pingku; F:; E:; Lansium domeaticum Corr. t " If 1 : Duku, Langsat, Lansat, Langsep, Kokosan; J: Duku" Kokosan , Langsat, Langsep, Celoring; S: Pisitan, Dukuh, Kokosan, Laja, Bijitan; F : Lansium, Doukou; E: Duku, Dookoo, Langsat, Lansane, Lanzon Mella azedarach L. t ;FI ~ ~~ .,. ... ~ 1: Mindi kecil, Cakra cikrl; J: Gringglng, Mindi; S: Mindi; F: Lilas des

a

a

450.

451.

Indes, Lilas de Chine, Azedarac du Japon, Faux sycomore, Arbre de paternoster, Margousier; E: Persian liIac, China berry, Bead tree, Umbrella 1., Patemoster 1., Pride of India Sandorlcum koetjape (Burm.f.) Merr. ~ 1: Kecapi, Sentul; J: Sentul, Kecapi; S: Kacapi, K. monyet, Sentul; F : Faux mangoustan(ier), Mangoustan sauvage; E: Wild mangosteen

a t " ..

452.

453.

454.

tree, Sandoricum tree, Kechapi, Santol, Sentul Swietenia macrophylla King rf~ t .,. ~ 1: Mahoni, Mangoni; J:; S: Mahoni; F: Acajou, Mahonie, Mahogany à grandes feuilles; E: Honduras mahogany, Mexican m., Caoba, Hondurena, Large leaved mahonia Swletenia mahagonl (L.) Jacq. r.v~ ~ 1: Mahonl, Mangonl; J:; S: Mahonl; F: Acajou bâtard, Mahonie, Cèdre mahagony, Mahogany à petites feuilles; E: Common mahogany, Caoba m., Tabosa m., San Domingo m. Toona sureni (BI.) Merr. ~~ t .,. 1: Suren, Surian, Sorian, Ingu; J: Redani, Suren, Laut; S: Ki beureum, Suren; F: Suren, Toona; E: Ingoo, Kooroo, Taon, Limpaga

Menlspermaceae

455. 456. Cyclea barbata Miers t & 1: Cincau, Cingcau; J: Juju, Kepleng, Krotok; S: Camcauh, C. kebo, Tarawulu, Trawulu, Tawulu, Cingcau; F:; E: Tinospora crispa Miers ex Hook.f. & Thoms. t JI : Putrawali, Patrawali; J: Bratawali, Godong gandel, Antawali,Putrawali; S : Andawali, Antawali, Patrawali; F: Ménisperme (esp.); E:

Mimosaceae (Leguminosae pro parte)

Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex Benth. 1: Akasia; J:; S: Akasia, Ki hia; F:; E: Dictionary 457.

79

458.

459.

460.

461.

462.

463.

464. 465.

466.

, t·!\iJ llOO ~... cl ~ 1: Bunga Semarang, Kembang bandara, Laksana; J: Kembang j~pun, Lekonta, Sari usit, Taosit, Sungsit, Srikonta; S: Kembang jepang; F : Acacia de Ternate, A. de Farnèse, CassIer; E: Sponge trae; Sweet acacia, Cassie flower, Opopanax tree Adenanthera pavonina L. ~ & B t ~... cl · ~ 1: Saga pohon, Kenderi; J: Segawe, S. sabrang; S: Saga, Ki toke laut; F : Condori commun, Bois de corail; E: Sandal bead tree, Coral pea 1., Zumbic 1., Circassian 1., Corail., False jequirity, Red sandal-wood Archldendron pauciflorum (Benth.) Nielsen & t ~ ~... Il (syn.: Pithecellobium jiringa) 1: Jengkol, Jering, Mojeng jengkul; J: Jengko/an, Jeringan; S: KI caang, Jengkol; F: Bois macaque; E: Jering tree Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit · & · ~ If" (syn.: Leucaena glauca (L.) Benth.) 1: Petai cina, Pete C., Lamtoro, Petai serong, Pete s.; J: Kemlandingan, Lamtoro, Kemetir, Keplandingan, Metir, Pete jawa, Petir, Selamtoro, Se/ong; S: Palanding, Peuteuy selong, Peuteuy cina, Karnalandlngan, Palandingan; F: Tamarinier sauvage, Laucène glauque, CassIe blanc; E : Lead tree. Wild tamarind, Jumpy bean Mimosa pudica L. Il 1 : Daun kaget, Putri malu. Jukut borang, Kejut-kejut, Sikejut, Semalu. Mimosa; J: Kucingan, Randelik, Ri sirepan; S: Bujang kagit, Jukut borang, J. gehgehran. J. riyud, J. setan, J. palias; F : Mimosa pudique, Herbe d'amour, Sensitive; E: Sensitive plant, Humble plant Paraserianthes falcataria (L.) Nielsen ~ · llOO If (syn.: A1bizia falcata sensu Backer) 1: Sengon, Kayu salawaku putih, Jinjing; J: Kalbi, Sengon landi, S./ondo, S. laut, S. sabrang; S: Jeungjing, J. laut; F: Acacie, Ebène des Moluques, Batai; E: Batai Parkia speciosa Hassk. , & t ~ · 1: Petai, Pete; J: Pete, Sindutan; S: Peuteuy, Petey; F: Parkia; E : Parkia, Nitta tree Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. If B ~ cl ~ 101 1: Asam belanda. A. cina; J: Asem londo; S: Aseum cina; F: Bois doux de la Guadeloupe, Tamarin d'Inde; E: Manila tamarind, Sweet Inga, Golden beetle tree Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr. ~ 0IIll of 1: Sengon, Hujan-hujan; J: Sengon, Kayu trembesi, Munggur, Sulbin; S : Sengon; F: Arbre à pluie; E: Raln tree, Saman

Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.

~ &

t

t

a

,,&

t.

Moraceae

467. Antiaris toxicaria (Pers.) Lesch.

t ···

1: Ipuh, Ipoh, Upas, Tengik; J:; S: Ipuh; F: Antiar, Ipo vénéneux, Upas; E: Upas poison tree, fpu, Sacking tree 80 Economic Plants of Indonesia

Artocarpus communis J.R. & G. Forster ~ t rv~ 10 .. (syn.: A. altitis (Park.) Fosberg) 1: Sukun, Keluih, K1uwlh, Timbul, Kulur, Kelutun, Ketimbul; J: Sukun, Kaluweh, Kaluwih; S: Sukun, Kelewih, Kulur; F: Arbre à pain; E : Breadfruit tree, Breadnut 1., Sukun 469. Artocarpus elastlcus Reinw. ex BI. · Bat rf~ "" .. 1: Benda, Bakil, Terep, Terap, Kerbang; J: Benda, B. ketan, B. kebo; S: Benda, Teureup; F:; E: Wild breadfruit tree, Terap tree 470. Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. ~ ~ (syn.: A. integrifolia Auct.non L.) 1: Nangka; J: Nongko; S: Nangka; F: Jacquier; E: Jackfruit tree, Nangka tree 471. Artocarpus Integer (Thunb.) Merr. ~ t r.~ · 18 (syn.: A. champeden Spreng.) 1: Cempedak, Cepedak, Lemasa; J: Campedak, Cepedak; S : Campedak, Nangka berit; F: Champedak; E: Champedak, Lemasa 472. Artocarpus rotunda (Houtt.) Panzer (syn.: A. rigidus BI. ) t rf.l .. 1 : Kosar, Mandalika, Mendeleka, Keledang, Tempunal, Tampunai, Temponek, Tampang; J:; S: Peusar, Tempunal, Kosar; F:; E: Monkey jack, Temponek tree 473. Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) Vent. · ~ 1: Sepukau, Murbei kertas, Kertau, Bebesaran; J: Galugu, Glugu; S : Saeh, Babasaran; F: MOrier à papier, Arbre à papier, MOrier de Chine; E: Paper mulberry, Tapa-cloth tree, Cut paper 474. Ficus ampelas Burm.f. t · 1: Ampelas, Amplas, Hampelas, Empelas, Rempelas, Mempelas; J : Rempelas; S: Hampelas; F: Figuier polissoir, Bois de râpe; E: 475. Ficus banyana Oken (syn.: F. benghalensis L.) ~ 1: Banyan; J:; S: Caringin beureum; F:; E: Indian banyan 476. Ficus conciliorum Oken (syn.: F. rumphii BI.) ~ 1: Kayu bodi, Kalojo, L08 air; J: Bandira; S: Kayu 108; F:; E: 477. Ficus deltoidea Jack. ~ 1: Tabat barito, Beringin jantan; J:; S: Ki peer, Caringin areuy, C. lalaki; F" E· 478. Fidus eiastica Nois. ex BI. "" ~ ~ 1: Karet kerbau, K. batang, Kajai, Rambung; J: Karet kebo; S: Ki karet, Kolelet, Karet kebo, K. munding, K. getah; F: Figuier élastique, Caoutchouc d'Assam; E: Indian rubber-tree, Karet 1., Elastlc-gum fig tree 479. Ficus parvifolia Oken (syn.: F. benjamina L. ) ~ t l'f~ · ~.. "" 1: Beringin, Waringin, Ipik; J: Waringin; S: Waringin, Caringin; F: Figuier à feuilles striées; E: Waringin, Benjamin tree, Ceylon willow, Willow fig tree, Weeping fig 480. Ficus pumila L. ~ 1: Bunut, Ficus terambat; J:; S: Bunut; F:; E: Creeping fig 481. Ficus religiosa L. ~ 1: Bodi, Budi, Bunut merah; J: Bunut kaloya; S: Bunut cal, B. beureum; F: Banian, Figuier des pagodes; E: Banyan tree, Sacred fig tree, Sacred pipal-tree, S. bodh-tree. Peepul tree. Bo tree Dictionary 81 468.

a

·

a

r · ..

a

a

482.

483.

Morus alba L. 100 & t · 1: Bebesaran, Besaran, Murbei kertau, Kertau; J: Besaran, Lampaung; S : Babasaran, Bebesaran; F: MOrier de Chine, MOrier blanc; E: White mulberry Morus macroura Miq. ~ 1: Andalas, Kertau; J:; S: Kerteuy; F: Gros mOrier, MOrier noir; E : Black mulberry

a

Moringaceae

484. Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn. , tri & t · 100 l!'" .. ~ (syn.: M. o/eifera Lam.) 1: Kelentang, Kelintang, Kelor, Merunggal, Remunggal; J: Ke/or; S : Kelor; F: Moringa oléifère, M. ailée, Noix de ben, Ben oléifère, Mourong; E: Horseradish tree, Been t., Ben oil t., Moringa t.

Musaceae

485. Musa acuminata Colla .. J& t ·· (syn.: M. zebrina Van Houtte) 1: Pisang hutan, P. kole; J: Becici, Gedang karet, G. ke/e, G. cici, Ke/e lowak; S: Kis, Kole, Cau kis. Cau kole; F:; E: Pisang Jacki Musa balbisiana Colla (syn.: M. brachycarpa Backer) 1: Pisang batu, P. tembatu. P. biji, P. klutuk; J: Bereng, Gedang klutuk; S : Cau batu, C. kulutuk; F: Bananier à graInes; E: Pisang bau, K1ue tani Musa chiliocarpa Backer ~ 1: Pisang seribu, P. honje; J: Gedang sewu; S: Cau buhaya. Cau honje; F:; E: Musa glauca Roxb. ~ 1: Pisang apu(i); J: Gedang pidak; S: Cau hujung, C. bedong, C. apu; F·· E·

a

486.

a

487. 488. 489. 490.

a

M·~sa n~na

Lour.

a

1: Pisang badak, P. jepang; J:; S: Cau badak, C. jepang, Lumut badak; F: Bananier nain; E: Dwarf banana, Chinese b., Cavendish b. Musa paradisiaca L. & .. t liI" · 001 1: Pisang tanduk; J: Gedang sungu; S: Cau tanduk, C. galek;

a

F: Bananier plantain, Banane cochon, B. du Paradis, Figue d'Adam;

491. 492.

E : Plantain, Horse banana. Adam's b. Musa paradisiaca L. var. saplentum & .. t l'l\' 1: Pisang; J: Gedang, Kisang, Pisang; S: Cau; F: Bananier; E : Banana. Common eating b. Musa textilis Née ·· 1: Pisang serat, P. Manila, P. benang, Abaka; J:; S: Cau ManUa; F : Abaca, Banane corde, Chanvre de Manille; E: Manila hemp. Abaca

a

82

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Myristicaceae

493. Myristica fragrans Houtt. , B ~ t 1: Pala, P. Ambon; J: Pa/a; S: Pala; F: Muscadier; E: Nutmeg tree

a

Myrslnaceae

494. Embella rlbes Burm.f. $ t 1: Akar kellmpar, A. kecembang; J:.. S: Areuy kacembang, Kacembang; F: Ribélier; E: False pepper

a ..

Myrtaceae

495. 498. 497. 498. Callistemon citrinus (Curt.) Skee/s ~ 1: Bunga sikat glgi, Kalistemon, Sikat botol; J:; S: Kalistemon, Kembang sislr; F:; E: Rad bottle brush, Water gum Eucalyptus alba Reinw. ex B/. ~ 1: Ampupu, Kayu putih; J:; S: Kayu putlh; F:; E: Eucalyptus deglupta B/. qï.~ t · 1: Lada, Ai ala, Kayu kawan, Klada; J:; S: Kllada, Kayu putlh; F:; E: Kamerer Eugenia aromatlca O.K. , ~ t t~~ ~.. (syn.: Syzygium a.; E. caryophy/lus) 1: Cengkeh, Cengklh, Cingkeh, Bunga lawang; J: Cengkeh; S : Cengkeh: F: Giroflier; E: Clove tree Eugenia cuminl Merr. t ~ ~.. 1: Jambelang, Jamblang, Jambulan, Juwet, Jlwat; J: Duwet, D. manting, D. sapi, Juwet; S: Jamblang; F: Jame/ongue, Jame/onier, Tête négresse; E: Black pium. Duhat, Jambolan, Java plum Eugenia densiflora Duthie $ ~.. 1: Ubar, Jambu alas; J: Jambu a/as, J. k/ampok, J. wana, Jambon, K/ampok, K. arum; S:; Kopo, K. badak, K walang, K lalal, Peutag; F' . E' E~gen~ Iineata Duthie ~ $ t If 1: Kayu udang, K tembaga; J: Nagasaren, Nagasar/ rangkang; S : Kejangkar, Ki sireum, KI tarnaga; F:; E: Guava berry Eugenia malaccensis L. (syn.: Syzygium m. (L.) Merr. & Perry) t 1: Jambu bol, J. berteh, J. kemang, J. gadang, J. jambak, J. merah, J. susu, Jambak; J: Dersana, Darsana, Jambu bol, J. tersana; S: Jambu bol; F: Jambosier rouge, Jambose de Ma/aque, Jame/ac; E: Jambos, Malayapple, Mountain a., Pomerac, Large rose apple Eugenia michelii Lam. (syn.: E. uniflora L.) t If ~ 1: Asam selong , Belimbing belanda. Pitagi, Cereme asam, C. belanda; J :; S: Kupa selong, K lalay; F: Cerisier de Cayenne, Jambosier de Michell; E: Surinam cherry, Brazil cherry, Pitanga, Cayenne cherry

a

a

499.

500.

a

·

501. 502.

a

503.

a a

Dictlonary

83

504.

Eugenia polyantha Wight , ~ l!\ t r.~~ ~.. (5yn.: Syzygium p. Walp.) 1: Salam, Meselangan, Ubar serai; J: Salam, Manting; S: Salam; F:; Eugenia polycephala Miq. ~ ~ (5yn.: Syzygium p. (Miq.) Merr.& Perry) 1: Gowok, Kupa; J: Dompyong, Gowok, Klesem, Kalesem; S: Gowok, Kupa, K. beunyeur, K. gowok, K. manuk; F:; E: Melaleuca leucadendra L. l!\ , · t r.'f ~ ... 1: Kayu putih, Gelam; J: Gelam; S: Gelam, Kayu putih; F: Cajeputier, Mé/aleuque à bois blanc, Niaouli; E: Cajaput tree, Paper bark tree, Punk tree, Swamp tea tree P5idium guajava L. ~ B , · t ~ ~J ~.. ~ ... 1: Jambu biji, J. batu, J. susu, J. kelutuk, J. klutuk, J. biawas, J. pertukal, Prawas, Biawas; J: Bayawas, Jambu klutuk, J. krutuk, Petokal, TokaI; S : Jambu k1utuk, J. batu, J. siki, J. kulutuk; F: Goyavier; E: Guava, Common guava Syzygium aqueum (Burm.f.) A/ston ~ t ~ 1: Jambu air; J: Jambu air, J. uwer, J. wer; S: Jambu air, J. cai; F: Pomme rose; E: Watery rose apple, Rose a., Water a. Syzygium samarangen5e (BI.) Merr. & Perry ~ t · 1 : Jambu Semarang, J. kancing; J: Jambu kaget, J. klampok, J. Semarang, J. dersana, J. tersana; S: Jambu Semarang, J. kancing; F: Jambosier de Semarang; E: Jambosa, Semarang rose apple

E:

505.

506.

507.

508. 509.

Nelumbonaceae

510. Nelumbium nucifera Gaertn. ~ J- ~ $ · t ·· (5yn.: N. nelumbo Druce) 1: Teratai, Taratai, Seroja merah, Saroja m., Padma, Patma, Bunga padan, B. telepak, Pekaja, Lotus, Tunjung; J: Trate, Tarate; S: Tarate. Teratai; F : Lotus sacré; E: Pink lotus, Sacred lotus, Lotos

Nepenthaceae

511.

· t Nepenthe5 spp. 1: Kantong semar, Ketakong, Caun kendi, Periuk hantu, P. kera; J: Kali kucita; S: Paku sorog, Serog raja mantrl, Kantong semar; F: Nepenthes; E: Pitcher plants. Monkey cup

Nyctaginaceae

512. Bougainvillea 5peetab1li5 Willd. ~ 1: Kembang kertas, Bougainvil, Tapak slring; J:; S: Tapak siring; F : Bougainvillier; E: Bougainvillea

84

Economie Plants of Indonesia

513.

514.

Mirabilis Jalapa L. ~ t 1: Kembang pukul empat, K. pagi sore, Bunga waktu kecil, B. trompet, Mekar sore; J: Kederat, Segerat, Tegerat; S: Tarompet; F: Belle de nuit, Faux Ja/ap, Nyctage, Merveille du Pérou; E: Four o'clock plant, Marvel of Peru. Pretty by night, False jalap Pisonia grandis R.Br. $ t 1: Kol banda, Wijayakusurna; J: Ko/ banda, K. bandang, Jayakusuma, Wijayakusuma, Raja kumba/a, Sentolong; S: Wijayakusuma, Koi bandang, SIok raja rnantrl, Kalijaya; F: Pisonie; E: Tree lettuce, Pisonia, Puatea, Gatae, Cabbage tree

Nymphaeaceae

515. 516. Nymphaea spp. ~ $ Jt t 1: Telepok, Teratai; J: Teratai; S: Karate; F: Nénuphar, Nymphéa; E: Water Iily, Egyptlan lotus, Water nymph Victoria amazonlca (Poepp.) Sowerby (syn.: V. regia Und/.) ~ $ 1: Teratai tampir, T. amazon; J:; S: Karate nyiru, K. cucuk; F: Maïs d'eau, Victoria; E: Water liIy of the Amazon, Oueen Victoria's water Iily, Royal water liIy

Olacaceae

517. 518. Ochanostachys amentacea Mast. ~ Cl t 1: Petallng, Kemap, Petata, Gal, Ketalen, Ketokal; J:; S: Kayu biruang; F" E' S~~rod~carpus borneensls (Baill.) Becc. ~rj Cl , t ~.. 1: Kulim, Bawang hutan, Rengon; J:; S: Kayu bawang; F: KuJim; E : Kulim, Koolim, Bawang hutan

Oleaceae

519. Jasmlnum sambac (L.) W.Ait. ~ ~ 1: Melatl, Menur, Melur, Yasmin, Bunga manuru, Selupan; J: Menur, Mlati; S: MaJatl, Kembang ungkluk; F: Jasmin d'Arabie, Sambac; E : Arablan jasmine, White-flowered Indian jasmine Nyetanthes arbor-tristls L. ~.. t 1: Srlgading, Sarlgading, Serlgadlng, Bunga pengantin; J:; S : Kembang penganten; F: Arbre triste, Nyctanthe; E: Tree of sadness, Indian mourner, Night jasmine

520.

Orchldaceae

~t Orchldaceae spp. 1: Anggrek; J: Anggrek; S: Angkrek; F: Orchidées; E: Orchids 522. Vanilla mexicana Mill. (syn.: V. p/anifoJia; V. fragrans) 1: Panili, Kerneli; J: Anggrek paneJi; S: Angkrek paneli, A. bako; Dlctlonary 85

521.

,

F : Vanillier; E: Vanilla

Oxalidaceae

523. Averrhoa bilimbl L. Cl , t ~ ~ 1: Belimbing, B. buluh, B. asam, B. batu, B. sayur; J: Belimblng, B. wuluh, Balimbing; S: Callngclng, C. wulut, Ballngblng; F: Blllmbl, Blimbing; E : Billmbl, Cucumber tree, Bllmblng Cl oe , t ~ ~ Averrhoa carambola L. 1 : Bellmbing manls. B. basl; J: Belimblng legi, B. lenger, B. alas, B. manis, B. wana; S: Ballngblng amis, B. gade. Calingcing amis; F : Carambolier, Pommier de Goa; E: Carambola, Coromandel gooseberry, Karamanga, Karmal, Kumrak

524.

Pandanaceae

525. Pandanus amarylllfolius Roxb. ~ · 1: Pandan wangl, P. rampai, P. bebau, P. harum; J: Pandan wangi; S : Pandan rampe, P. seunglt; F: Pandanus, Baquois; E: Fragrant pandan, F. screw-pine · Cl oe ~ t · ~ Pandanus tectorius Park. ex J.P. du Roi 1: Pandan pu(n)dak, P. podak; J: Pandan pu(n)dak, P. paslr; S: Pandan pu(n)dak, P. laut; F: Pandanus, Baquois; E: Sea screw-pine

526.

Papaveraceae

527. Papaver somniferum L. t · t'II 1: Apiun, Kembang aplun, Opium, Madat apiun, Candu; J:; S: Kembang madat; F: Oeillette, Pavot cultivé, P. à opium; E: Opium poppy. Garden p., White p.

Passifloraceae .

528. Adenia spp. t · 1: Akar saut, Mentimun gajah merah, M. paya, Celingcing, Santan; J:; S : Callncing, Areuy C., A. baballngbingan; F:; E: Modecca Passlflora edulls Sims Cl t ~ 1: Markisa(h), Buah negerl, Konyal, Tlmun dendang, Pasl; J: Buah nagrl; S : Konyal, Areuy pasi, Buah monyet, B. nagrl, P.a(k)sl; F: Passiflore, Marie-tambour, Fruit de la passion, Grenadille; E: Granadilia, Passion fruit, Calabash, Sweetcup, Purple granadilla Passlflora foetida L. ... Cl oe t 1: Sebulu, Buah tikus, Lemanas; J: Ceplukan blungsun; S: Kaceprek, Permot, Bobontengan, Kacoprok, Pepetosan, Pacean, Rajutan, Mermut, Ermot, Randa bolong; F: Marie-gougeat, Tombou couleuvre, Passiflore fétide; E: Wild water melon, Love ln a mlst Economie Plants of Indonesla

529.

530.

86

531.

Passiflora quadrangularis L ~ & t 1: Erbls, Marklsa(h), Belewa; J: Manisah, Markisa, Markisat; S: Erbls, Markusa, Markisat, Herbls; F: Barbadine, Granadilla; E: Grenadilla, Giant granadilla, Granadilla real, Barbadine

Pedallaceae

532. Sesamum orientale L. · , t Il ~.. 1: Wijen, Bijan, Lenga; J: Wijen; S: Watu, Wijen; F: Sésame oriental, Benné, Gingely; E: Orientai sesame, Simsim, Gingelly, Teelseed, Til, Benné oil plant, Benlseed, Girgille oil plant

Plnaceae

533. Pinus merkusil Jungh. & De Vr. qïj · t ~.. <1 Il 1: Sugl-sugi, Tusam, Pinus; J:; S: Pinus, Plnes; F: Pin de Sumatra; E: Merkus pine, Sumatra p., Indo-China p., Mindoro p.

Piperaceae

534. 535. 536. 537. Peperomla pelluclda (L.) H.B.K. t ~ 1: Ketumpang(an) air; J: Rangu-rangu, Sladanan, Suruhan; S : Sasaladaan, Katumpang; F: Cresson; E: Peperomia spp. ~ 1: Peperomla, Kuping tikus; J:; S: Ceull beurit; F: Peperomia; E : Peperomla Piper betle L. .. , t 1: Sirih, Bakik, Kerakap, Kerkap, Kadok, Kedok, Serasa; J: Sedah, Suruh, Kinang; S: Seureuh; F: Bétel; E: Betel vine, B. pepper, Sirih Piper cubeba L.f. , ~ t 1 : Kemukus, Kemukuh, Ribu, Temukus, Lada berekor; J: Kemukus, Kumukus; S: Areuy kamukuh, Rinu, Seureuh r.; F: Cubèbe, Poivre à queue,' E: Cubeb pepper, Cubeba, Jamalca pepper Piper nigrum L. , t 1: Lada, Merica; J: Mrica, Marica, Sahang, Mariyos; S: Lada, Pedes;· F: Poivrier; E: Pepper vine, Black pepper, White p. Piper retrofraetum Vahl t , ~ 1: Cabe jawa, Cabal j., C. alas, C. sulah, Lada panjang; J: Cabean, C. jawa, C. alas, C. sula; S: Cacabean, Cabe monyet; F: Poivre long de Java; E: Javanese long pepper, Dutch 1. p. Pothomorphe subpeltata (Willd.) Miq. t & , 1: Lomba; J: Bumbo, Dombo, Uceng-ucengan, Tombo; S:; F:; E : Lizard's tail pepper, Guinea cubebs

e

538. 539.

e

540.

a

Dictionary

87

Plantaginaceae

541.

plantago major L. ., & .. 1: Oaun urat, O. sendok, Kuping menjangan, Ekor anjing; J: Meloh kiloh. Otot-ototan, Sangkabuah, Sembung otot. Sari pandak; S: Ki urat, Ceuli uncal; F: Plantain majeur, Grand p.; E: Greater plantain, Ripple grass, Waybread

Plumbaginaceae

542.

Plumbago aurlculata Lam. ~ 1: Akar blnasa, Ceraka merah, Oaun encok, Kembang bokor; J: Bama, Godong encok, Poksor; S: KI encok; F: Dentelaire; E: Leadwort

Poaceae 1Gramineae

543. Bambusoideae spp. · & · t · !'f~ ~ lIlI (Genera: Arundinaria, Bambusa, Dendrocalamus, Dinochloa, Gigantochloa, Nastus, Phyllostachys, Schizostachyum) 1: Bambu; J: Pring; S: Haur, Awl; F: Bambous; E: Bamboos da · t lIlI · ~ Colx lachryma-jobl L. 1: Jali, Jelai, Jali-jali, Jali batu, Enjelal; J: Jali-jali, Jali watu; S: Hanjere, Hajere, Kanyere; F: Larmes de Job. L. du Christ. Herbe à chapelets; E : Job's tears, Adlay, Coix millet Cymbopogon citratus (OC.) Stapf ê , t · .. 1: Akar wangi; J:; S: Sereh walang; F: Lemon grass; E: Lemon grass, Citronella grass Cymbopogon nardus Rendle ê t .. 1: Serai, Sere, Serai wangi, S. gulal; J: Sere. Kepundung; S: Sereh; F: Citronelle. Nard indien. Barbon nard; E: Nard grass, Citronella g., Ginger g., Lemon g. Dendrocalamus asper (Schultes f.) Back. ~ Heyne ... & !'fJ 1: Bambu betung, B. rebung; J: Pring petung. Jajang betung. Deling petung; S : Bitung, Awi b., Awi Iwung; F: Bambou géant; E: Giant bamboo Echinochloa cruS1lalli (L.) Beauv. · J- & 1: Rumput padi; J: Kejawan. Jawan. J. pari, Ramon jawan, Suket ngawan; S : Jajagoan, Jagoan, Gagajahan; F: Panic pied de porc; E: Cock's foot, Prickly grass, Barnyard g. (US), B. millet Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. J- & · t · · 1 : Rumput belulang, R. welulang, Sambau; J: Godong ula. Suket lulangan, S. celulang, S. welulang; S: Jukut jampang, J. mundlng; F: Crételle des Indes, Chiendent patte de poule; E: Wire grass, Goose g., Fowl-foot g., Crab g., Oog's tail g., Yard g.

544.

545. 546.

547.

548.

549.

88

Economie Plants of Indonesia

550.

551.

552. 553. 554. 555.

556. 557. 558. 559. 560.

561.

562.

Eleuslne Incllca Gaertn. Jt: & .!If t · · forma coracama (L.) Hook.f. ex Back. 1: Rumput belulang, Jaba, R. jampang, R. jajaba; J:; S: Jampang huma, J. munggah, J. carulang, Carulang gade, C. huma, C. lampung, Katlncak; F: Coracan, Fonio, Crételle à épis larges; E: Natchnee, Ragee, Korakan, Afrlcan millet, Finger m., Ragi, Wimbl, Bulo, Telebun, Japan eleusine Imperata cyllndrica (L.) Beauv. · .!If t · 10 1: A1ang-alang, lIalang, Lalang; J: AJang-alang, Kambengan; S: Eurih; F: Imperata, Impérate, AJang-alang; E: Imperata, Lalang, A1ang-alang, Cogon grass (US) Oryza satlva L. .!If t ~ · 10 If · 1: Padl; J: Pantun, Pari; S: Pare; F: Riz; E: Rlce Oryza satlva L. forma glutlnosa Auct. B .!If t ~ · Il «" · 1: Padi ketan, Ketan, Laketan, Padl pulut, Pulut; J: Ketan, Ketos; S : Ketan, Pare ketan; F: Riz glutineux; E: Glutinous rice Panicum maximum Jacq. 10 t 1: Rumput banggala, R. tembaga; J: Suket londo; S: Jukut kakawatan, J. tambaga; F: Herbe de Guinée, Panic; E: Guinea grass Paspalum conjugatum Bergius Il ~ 1: Rumput kerbau, R. pahit; J: Paitan, Jampang cangah; S: Jampang pait, Jukut p.; F:; E: Sour grass, Hilo g., Buffalo g., West-Indian sour grass Pennisetum purpureum Schum. 10 · 1: Rumput gajah; J:; S: Jukut gajah; F: Herbe à éléphant; E : Elephant grass, Napier g. Saccharum officlnarum L. ~ & .!If t · 10 <t 1: Tebu; J: Tebu, Rosan, Rosrosan; S: Tiwu; F: Canne à sucre; E : Sugar cane Saccharum officinarum L. forma edule Hassk. ~ 1: Terubuk, Tebutelur, T. ikan; J: Tebuendog, T. trubuk; S :Tlwutirubus, T. eOOog, Turubus; F:; E: Saccharum spontaneum L. · & t 10 · 1: Gelagah, Rumput bambu; J: Glagah; S: Kaso; F: Canne à sucre sauvage, C. à s. d'Egypte; E: Thatch grass, Bagberi, Dharb, Khus Setaria ltallca (L.) Beauv. t .. 1: Jawawut, Jawe, Jawut, Rumput kunyit; J: Jawawut, Juwawut, Otek; S : Jawawut, Kunyit, Sekul; F: Mil/et des oiseaux, M. d'Italie, Panic d'I.; E : Itallan millet, Foxtail m. Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench .!If t ~ · Il If 1: Gandum, G. sorgo, Jawaras, Cantel, Gandrung; J: Cante/, Jagung cantel, J. inda, J. pari, Gandum, Oncer; S: Jagung ceutik, Gandrum, G. degem, G. titinggi, G. cindi, G. kumpai, Gandrung, Goel; F: Sorgho, Gros mil, Grand mil/et; E: Sorghum, Sorgo, Cafir corn, Dhurra, Jerusalem corn, Great millet, Guinea corn, Jowar Vetiveria zizanloldes (L.) Nash ~ t ..... 1: Akar wangi, Narwastu, Usar; J: Larasetu, Larawastu, Rarawestu;

*" *

*

*

*

Dlctionary

89

563. 564.

S : Janur, Akar wangl, Usar, Narwastu; F: Vétiver; E: Vetiver, Khuskhus Zea mays L. Jt · · t ~ · Il · 1: Jagung; J: Jagung, Jangge/; S: Jagong; F: Maïs, Blé de Turquie; E : Maize, Corn (US), Indian corn Zoysla matrella (L.) Me". " ... 1: Rumput Peking; J:; S: Jukut Peklng; F:; E: Korean grass, Siglap grass

Podocarpaceae

565. Dacrycarpus Imbrlcatus (BI.) de Laub. rt"l " 1: Madang cemara, Kayu embun, Jamuju; J: Aru, Taji, Tekik, Cemara tikung, C. tukung, C. rante, C. waris; S: KI jamuju, KI hades, Ki camara, Jamuju; F: Cuscute; E: Dacrydium spp. · If 01 " 1: Melur, Kayu embun, Cemara duri; J:; S: Jamuju sebrang, KI andalas; F : Sempi/or, Meloor; E: Sempllor, Meloor Phyllocladus hypophyllus Hooker f. · 1: Melur; J:; S: Melur; F: Phylloclade; E: Celery-leaved plne Podocarpus nerUfolius D.Don ~ t 1: SetaOOa, Sentada, Tajl, Ceban; J: Tajl, Wuluan; S: HaOOalaksa, KI pancar, KI sireum, Ki blma, KI malela, KI putrl; F: Podocarpe; E : Nerium-Ieaved wax dammar, Wax dammara Podocarpus spp. ~ t 1: Melur, Kayu Bima; J: Jamuju, Antok; S: Ki hades, KI Bima; F : Podocarpe; E: Podocarp

566. 567. 568.

e

569.

Polygonaceae

570. Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn. " t 1: Riang-riang, Bunga bonet, B. berteh; J:; S:; F: LIane corail, Belle mexicaine; E: Mountaln rose, Chain of love, Corallita, Confederate vine, Bride's tears, Coral creeper, C. vine, Lovers' chain, Mexican creeper, Pink vine, Oueen's jewels, Oueen's wreath, Sandwich IslaOO creeper Rheum spp. $ · t 1: Kelembak; J: Kalembak; S: Kalemba; F: Rhubarbe palmée, R. de Tartarie; E: Chinese rhubarb, East-Indian r., Medicinal r.

571.

Polypodiaceae

572. 573. Adiantum spp. " t 1: Suplir; J:; S: Suplir; F: Adiant(h)e, Chevelure; E: Maidenhair fem Asplenium nidus L. $ t ~ 1: Paku sarang burung, Paku pandan, Kekap, Kadaka; J: Simbar merah; S : Kadaka, Badaba; F: Doradille à feuilles de bananier, Langue de boeuf; E: Bird's nest fem

Economie Plants of 1 ndonesla

90

574. 575.

578. 577.

578.

579.

Dlplazlum eseulentum Swartz ~ 1: Paku sayur, P. tanjung; J: Pakis ijo, P. wilis; S: Paku beunyeur, P. leuheur; F :Dlplazie; E: Diplazlum Diplazlum prollferum Thouars ~ 1: Paku buah; J: Pakis anggrik, P. angkrik, P. buah, P. buwah; S: Paku buah, P. careham, P. buwah, P. carehan, P. hurang, P. pentol; F: Fantzane, Diplazie (esp.); E: Dlplazium .·. Nephrolepls biserrata Schott. ~ v 1: Paku uban, Paku sagah, Paku merak; J:; S: Paku harupat; F:; E : Bread sword fem ~ Platyeerlum eoronarlum Desv. 1: Simbar agung, Tanduk menjangan, Kadaka uncal; J: Pakis tanduk menjangan, Simbar menjangan; S: Paku tanduk uncal, Kadaka u.; F: Corne d'élan; E: Elk's horn fem ~ Pteris ensiformis Burm. 1: Paku padang, P. mukut, P. pelandok; J:; S: Paku padang, P. ceker, P. sieur; F: Corne de cerf, Ptéride, Ptéris; E: Mouse deer's fern, Srag's horn fern Stenoehlaena palustrls Badd. ~ 1: Paku udang, P. ramlding, Lemlding; J: Pakis bang, P. urang; S: Paku hurang; F: Polypode, Patte de lézard; E: Cllmblng fern

t

t

t

t

t · ·

Pontederlaceae

580.

Elehhornla erasslpes (Mart.) Solms Il ~ ~ 1 : Eceng gondok, Kelipuk; J: Gondok, Kembang bopong, K. sekar, Weweyan, Wewehan, Bengok, Sekar bopong; S: Eceng gondok, Gendot; F: Jacinthe d'eau; E: Water hyacinth, Water pest

t ·

Portulacaceae

581.

Portulaca oleraeea L. ~ 't · 1: Krokot, Geiang, Putri India; J: Krokot, Kerayapan; S: Gelang, Poslen; F : Pourpier, Porcelaine; E: Common purslane, Pursley

Punlcaceae

582.

Punlea granatum L. (j · · If 1: Delima, Dalima, Mekra, Endelimau; J: Gangsalan, Del/ma; S: Dalima; F : Grenadier; E: Common pomegranate, Delima, Carthagian apple

t

Rafflesiaceae

583.

Rafflesia patma BI. 1: Bunga patma, B. pakma; J: Patma, Padma; Mahkota raja; F: Rafflésia; E: Rafflesia

't

S: Kembang patma,

Dlctionary

91

Rhamnaceae

584. 585.

Maesopsis eminii Engl. 1: Pohon Afrika; J:; S: KI Afrika; F:; E: Ziziphus jujuba Lam. otl'fllllif 1: Bidara elna, Bidara, Widara; J: Widara, Dara; S : Bidara; F: Jujubier d'Inde; E: Cornmon jujube, Chinese J.

·

Rhizophoraceae

586. Bruguiera gymnor(r)hiza (L.) Lam. · 0 $ .. t III If 1: Dau, Kandeka, Putut, Tumu; J: Tanjang, Tancang, Kandeka; S : Bungbulang laut; F: Pa/étwier de Birmanie, Pa/étw/er des Indes; E : Mangrove, Msinzi, Mul Ceriops tagal (Perr.) C.B. Robins. · 0 . . . t If III 1: Tengah, Tengar; J: Tingi; S: KI perak laut; F:; E: Mangrove Rhizophora apieulata BI. III 0 t · Ir 1: Bakau akik, B. akit, B. minyak, B. putlh, Lolaro; J: Bako, Jangkar; S : Bakau, Babakoan laut; F: Palétwier d'Asie, Manglier; E: Asiatie mangrove Rhizophora mueronata Lam. III 0 $ t · If 1: Bakau merah, B. jangkar, B. korap, B. hltam; J: Bako, Jangkar; S : Jangkang; F: Palétwier d'Asie, Manglier; E: Aslatle mangrove, Black mangrove, Kunro bark tree

587. 588.

589.

Rosaceae

590. 591. 592. 593. 594. 595. Eriobotrya japonica Undl. 0 t · 1: Lokat, Lokwat; J:; S: Lokat, Lokwat, Papalaan; F: Loquat, Néflier du Japon, Bibassier du Japon; E: Loquat, Japanese plum, J. medlar Fragaria vesea L.

0

1: Arbei, Arbe, Arbeien, Arbeen, Arbai; J:; S: Arben; F: Fraisier; E : Garden strawberry Malus sylvestris Mill. 0 1: Apel, Kuldi, Khuldi, Tufah; J:; S: Apel, Holdi; F: PommIer; E : Apple tree Prunus amygdalus Stokes 0 1: Amandel, Badam; J:; S: Badam; F: Amandier; E: A1mond tree

Prunus armeniaca L. Prunus avium L.

0 t 0

1: Abrikos; J:; S: Badam-badam, Aprika; F: Abricotier; E: Aprieot tree 1: Ceri, Seri, Kersen; J:; S: Ceri; F: Merisier, Cerisier des bois, C. des oiseaux, Guignier, Bigarreautier; E: Sweet cherry tree, Mazzard e. 1., Bird e. 1., Heart e. 1., Hard e. 1. 92 Economie Plants of Indonesia

596. 597. 598. 599. 600. 601. 602.

Prunus cerasus L. ~ 1: Ceri, Seri, Kersen; J:; S: Ceri; F: Cerisier acide, Griottier; E: Sour cherry tree, Morello c.,t., Dwarf wild c. t. Prunus domestica L. ~ 1: Pruim, Apel jawa; J:; S: Pruim, Apel jawa; F: Prunier, Quetschier; E : Plum tree, European p. t., Prune tree, Damson t. Pyrus communis L. (j 1: Per, Apel Malang; J:; S: Apel Malang, Holdi M.; F: Poirier; E: Peartree Rosa spp. L. ~ ~ 1: Bunga rnawar, B. ros; J: Kembang ros; S: Kembang rnawar, K. (e)ros; .F : Rosier; E: Rose Rubus fraxlnlfolius Poir. ~ t 1: Murbei; J: Kecelingan, Kecalingan; S: Bengberetean; F:; E: Rubus moluccanus L. t ~ 1: Murbel telor ulat, Akar kupor, Tampu rengat; J: Berete, Brembet; S': Hareueus, H. bodas; F: Vigne marronne, Framboisier de Java; E: Rubus roslfolius J.E. Smith t ~ & 1: Arbel, Arbe, Murbei gunung; J: Garundu/, Grunggung, Kecalingan bener, Calingan, Gucen, Usen-usenan, Ucen-ucen; S: Bengberetean, Arben, Hareueus gunung, H. perak; F: Framboise marronne; E : Bramble of the Cape, Mauritius raspberry, Queensland r.

Rublaceae

603. 604. 605. 606. 607. 608. 609. Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.) Miq. r,~ ~ t · ... 1: Jabon, Kalampayan; J: Jabon, Ke/ampayan, Poh ketek, Gempo/; S : Cangcaratan peuntas; F: Kadam; E: Laran tree, Kadam Cinchona spp. t 1: Kina, K. bulu; J:; S: Kina, Tangkal kina; F: Cinchone, Quinquina, Arbre il quinquina; E: Clnchona tree, Quinine t. Coffea arabica L. .. 1: Kopi arabika; J:; S: Kopi; F: Caféier arabica; E: Arabica coftee, True c. plant Coffea canephora Pierre var. robusta Chevai .. 1: Kopi robusta; J:; S: Kopi; F: Caféier robusta; E: Robusta coftee, Canephora c. Coffea liberica Bull. .. 1: Kopi Bogor, K. besar, K. jawa; J:; S: Kopi Bogor; F: Caféier liberica, C. du Libéria; E: Uberica coftee Gardenia augusta (L.) Merr. ~.. "t ~ 1 : Kacapiring, Sangklapa; J: Cep/ok piring, Kacapiring, Peciring, Cepiring; S: Kacapiring; F: Jasmin du Cap; E: Cape jasmine Gardenia spp. 'tfi "t .. ~.. ~ 1: Kacapiring; J: Kacapiring; S: Kacapiring; F: Gardenia, Gardéne, Bois de pêche, Jasmin du Cap; E: Gardenia, Cape jasmine

93

Dictionary

610.

611. 612.

613.

614.

615.

Ixora cocclnea L. & , ~ 1: Soka merah, Kembang santen m., Rumput Jarum, Menjarum, Siantan; J :; S: Soka beureum, KI kopl; F: Ixore écarlate, Bois de pintade, Buisson ardent de Malabar; E: Ixora, Rame of the woods, Jungle geranlum Ixora spp. ~ ~ If 1: Bunga soka, Pecah perlok, Pecah plrlng; J:; S: Kembang soka, KI kopl; F: Ixore; E: Ixora, Wlld jasmlne Morinda citrifolla L. ~.. & ~ 1 : Mengkudu, Bengkudu, Kudu; J: Pace, Bentis, Kemudu, Kudu, Mengkudu; S: cangkudu, Cengkudu, Kudu; F: MOrier de Java, Morinde à feuilles de citronnier; E: Awl tree, Indlan mulberry: Togari wood,canary wood Mussaenda spp. ~ 1: Nusa Indah, Daun putrl, Balik adap; J: Go/ang galing, Kalik adep, Talik a., Wallk a.; S: Areuy slwurungan, Dlkllaban, Klngkilaban; F: MussencJe; E : Mussaenda Rubla "cordlfolla L. If & 1 : Lidah ayam; J: Kletak, Oyod tikel balung, Ringitan, Ranggitan, Seregan; S: Letah hayam, L meyong, L. uncal, Seuseukeutan; F : Garance indienne; E: Indlan madder, Benga! madder Uncaria gamblr Roxb. If ... 1: Gambir; J: Suntan; S: Gambir; F: Gambier, Gambir, Cachou ~/e; E : Gambier, Bengal gambir, Pale catechou

t

t

a

t ··

t

t

t

Rutaceae

616. 617.

Acronychialaurifolia BI. · & , ~ 1: Kayu semidra, Serira, Seslra, Sellrang, Sarirah; J: Sarirah, Tembusa jantan; S: Jejerukan, Kljeruk, Salira, KI sarira. KI salira; F:; E: Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. & ~ · t · If .. 1: Maja, Bila, Kawista, Bilak; J: Maja, M. ga/epung, M. gedang, M. lumut, M. pait, Maos; S: Maja; F: Bel indien, Cognassier du Bengale, Okshit; E : Okshit, Bael tree, Bei-fruit tree, Bengal quince, Bilva, Slrlphal Citrus aurantifolia (Chrlstm. & Panz.) Swingle ~ t 1: Jeruk nipis, J. tipis, Umau nipls, L asam; J: Jeruk pece/; S: Jeruk nipis, J. tipis; F: Lime acide, Limettier, Citronnier des Antilles; E: Ume, BI , Acld lime, Sour 1. Citrus aurant(h)ium L. (syn.: C. slnens/s Osbeck. ) t"llf' · 1: Jeruk Iimau, J. manis, J. sambei; J: Jeruk sambel, J. lege, J. legi; S : Jeruk lemo, J. bunglon, J. amis; F: Bigarade, Oranger; E: Sour orange, Seville o., Sweet o., Coolie o., O. tree, Bigarade Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck (syn.: C. maxima Merr.) ~ t · 1: Jeruk Bali, J. besar, J. dellma, J. macan, Umau besar; J: Jeruk adas, J. Bali, J. dalima, J. gulung, J. macan, J. rawa; S: Jeruk dallma, J. Bali, J. gade; F: Pamplemoussier, Pommelo, Chaddec; E: Grape fruit, Pomelo, Pummelo, Shaddock

t ...

a

618.

a ,

·

619.

e

a

620.

a

94

Economie Plants of Indonesla

621. 622. 623. 624.

625. 626.

627. 628.

Citrus hystrlx OC. ~ <j , ~ t !'fol ~.. ~ 1: Jeruk purut, Llmau p., L hantu; J: Jeruk purut; S: Jeruk purut; F : Citron combara; E: Wild lime, Kabuyao, Porcupine orange Citrus japonica C.P. Thunberg ex A.Murray (syn.: Fortunella j.) <j 1: Jeruk pagar, Kumquat; J:; S: Jeruk reuma~ F: Fortunelle, Kumquat, Cumquat; E: Kumquat, Marumi k., Nagaml, Chlnese orange Citrus limon (L.) Burm.f. <j ~ · t ~ Il 1: Jeruk asam, J. peras; J:; S: J. kopyor; F: Citronnier; E: Lemon tree Citrus medica L. <j t 1: Jeruk sukade. J. sitrun, J. papaya, J. slkade, J. kates, J. tangan, L1mau kOOangsa; J: Jeruk kates, J.. bOdong, J. sekade; S: Jeruk gOOang, J. bonteng, J. honje, J. sikade, J. tangan; F: Cédratier, Citronnier acide, Citron de Maite; E: Cedrat tree, Real citron tree, Citron Citrus microcarpa Bunge (syn.: C. mitis Bianco) <j 1: Jeruk kasturi; J:; S: Jeruk haseum; F:; E: Calamondln, C. orange, Kalamondin, Musk lime Citrus nobills Lour. <j t 1: Jeruk keprok, J. kepruk, J. cina konde, J. cina, J. jepun, J. paseh, J. maseh; J: Jeruk keprok; S: Jeruk paseh, J. garut, J. keprok, J. cempaga, J. maseh, J. coplok; F: Mandarinier, Oranger de Blidah, Grosse mandarine, Tangerine; E: Mandarine, Tangerine orange, Mandarine o., King o. Clausena excavata Burm.f. t ~ 1: Temung, Tikusan, Daun tikusan, Sicerek, Secerek, Cerek; J: Bagal tikus, Tikusan; S: Bajetah, KI bacetah; F:; E: Murraya panlculata (L.) Jack rfi B ~ · t 1: Kemuning, Kamuning; J: Kemuning, Kumuning; S: Kamunlng; F : Buis de Chine, Murraya; E: Chinese myrtle, Cosmetic bark tree, Satinwood, Burmese box-wood, Orange jasmine

e

e

Santalaceae

629. Santalum album L. ~ t1I ... t ~ 1: Cendana wang!; J: Cendana, Candana, Cendani, Candani; S : Candana, Cendana; F: Santal bianc; E: Sandalwood, Indian S., White s.

Saplndaceae

630. Dimocarpus longan Lour. <j B · t !'fi 1: Kelengkeng, Lengkeng, Mata kuclng, Bedaru; J: Medaru, Pedaru; S : Lengkeng, Rambutan clna, Ki kapas; F: Longan, Longanier, Oeil de dragon; E: Cat's eyes, Longan, Dragon's eye Filiclum declpiens (Wight & Am.) Thwaites ~ !'fi 1: Kere payung; J:; S: Kere payung; F:; E:

95

631.

Dlctlonary

632. 633. 634.

635.

636.

637.

Litchi chinensls Sonn. (syn.: Nephellum litchi) <j '" Il ~.. ~ 1: L1c1, Leci; J: Lici; S: L1ci; F: Litchi; E: Lychee, litchi Nephelium lappaceum L. <j tf!iJ · t !'fi ~.. Il 1: Rambutan; J: Rambutan; S: Rambutan, Corogol, Tundun; F : Ramboutan, Litchi chevelu; E: Rambutan, Rambosteen Nephelium ramboutan-ake (Labill.) Leenh. <j '" · t ~ (syn.: N. mutabile BI.) 1: Kapulasan, Pulasan, Rambutan gundul; J:; S: Kapulasan, Pulasan; F: Kapulasan; E: Bulala, Pulasan Pometia plnnata Forst. ~ tf!iJ <j $ t 1: Matoa, Kungkil, Kungkl, Lengsar, Kasal, Asam kuang; J: Kayu sapl; S : Leungslr, Matoa; F: Belo, Bols de pieu, Kasal, Matoa, Megan; E : Kasaï, Megan Sapindus rarak OC. t B ~~ 1: Kelerak, Lerak, Kelereng, Lamuran; J: Ke/erak, Lerak, Werak; S : Lerek, Larak, K1erak, Rerek; F: Savonnier, Arbre à savon, Bois de saule; E: Soapberry tree, Fire-burn-Ieaf Schleichera oleo88 (Lour.) Oken Il <j $ t !f1 ... If 1: Kesambi, Kusambl, Kosambi; J: Kesambi, Sambi, Kusambl; S : Kosambi; F: Kussam, Conghas, Kusambi; E: Gum-Iac tree, Lac tree, Malay lack tree, Kussam lac tree, Ceylon oak

t.

Sapotaceae

638. Chrysophyllum calnlto L. <j t ~ 1: Sawo durian, S. duren; J:; S: Sawo kadu, S. siyem; F: Caimitier, Cainitier, Arbre de safran, Macoucou; E: Cainito, Caimlto, Star apple, West-Indian star apple Ganua spp. · 1: Nyatuh, Balam, Bangku, Mayang; J: Nyatuh; S: Mayang; F: Nyatoh; E: Nyatoh Manilkara kauki (L.) Dubard. · <j t ~ 1: Sawo, S. kecik, Sauh; J: Sawo, S. jawa, S. jawi, S. kecik; S: Sawo; F:; E: Khirni, Talawrinta, Palai Manllkara zapata (L.) Royen (syn.: M. achras; Achras z.) <j .. t f.V1 If 1: Sawo Manila, Ciku; J: Sawo londo, S. Mani/a; S: Sawo Manila; F : Sapotillier, Nèfle d'Amérique; E: Sapodilla, Sapota, Neesberry, Naseberry, Chico, Chiku Mimusops elengi L. t B <j , ~ 1: Tanjung, Bunga 1.; J: Tanjung; S: Tanjung, Sawo manuk, S.lalay; F: Balata, Elengi, Buka/, Canéqui, Tanjung; E: Balata tree, Bullet wood, BukaJ, Tanjung, West-Indian medlar Palaquium gutta (Hook.f.) Baillon .. B · 1: Getah pecah, Balam merah, B. tembaga, B. abang, Taban merah, T. putih, T. sutera, Nyatuh; J:; S: Ki susur; F: Gutta-percha; E : Gutta-percha tree, Malay g-p. 1.

639. 640. 641.

642.

a · · r .. ...

643.

96

Economic Plants of Indonesia

644. 645.

848.

Palaqulum spp. ~ -1 1: Nyatuh, Balam, Bangku, Mayang; J: Nyatuh; S: Mayang. Nyatuh; F: Nyatoh; E: Nyatoh Payena leerll (Teysm. & Binn.) Kurz -1 · Cl rt1 t 1: Getah sundi, G. sontek, Balam beringin, B. bunga tanjung, B. sondai, Kulan. Nyatuh beringin; J: Beringin; S: Mayang sondek, Sondai, Sundik; F: Arbre à gutta; E: Gutta tree Payena spp. ~ -1 1: Nyatuh. Balam. Bangku, Mayang; J: Nyatuh; S: Mayang, Nyatuh; F : Nyatoh; E: Nyatoh

Schizaeaceae

647. Lygodlum spp. ~ & · · t 1: Ribu-ribu, Paku kawat, Kapal besar; J: Pakis ata, P. rambat; S: Remet, Paku hata; F: Lygodium, Lygodier; E: Lygodium, Climbing fern. Snake's tongue fern

Selaginellaceae

648. Selaglnella spp. ~ t 1: Paku lumut. Rane 1.; J: Pakis lumut, Cakar ayam, Tapak dara; S: Rane lumut, Paku L, P. rane. Rande; F: Selaginelle; E: Selaginella, Moss-ferns, Fern-ally

Simaroubaceae

649. 650. Eurycoma longlfolia Jack t 1: Pasak bumi, Bidara pait; J:; S: Pasak bumi, Ki pait; F:; E: Snake wood Quassia amara L. t ~ 1: Bugang; J:; S: Genteng peujit. Ki congcorang; F: Quassia, Bois amer, Bois d'absynthe, Bois de quassie, Quassier amer; E: Quassia, Suriname q., Bitter wood, Bitter ash

Smllacaceae

651. Smilax macrocarpa BI. t & 1: Keluna. Canar, Sadawal, Sedawi, Sarsaparila; J:; S: Ganar bokor, C. gade, C. gengge, C. minyak; F: Salsepareille, Smilace; E : Salsaparilla. Cat briar, Sarsa. Poison briar

Dictlonary

97

Solanaceae

652. Brugmansia spp. ~ 1: Keeubung hutan; J:; S : Kueubung; F: Brugmansia; E: Brugmansia, Angel's trumpet 'tft Brunfelsia uniflora (Poh/.) D. Don 1: Melati mentomori, M. belanda, M. kapir; J:; S: Malatl kapir; F: Bois

653.

654.

655.

656.

657.

658.

659.

660.

661.

662.

663.

plié bâtard, Brunsfe/; E: Capslcum annuum L. , tri t 1: Cabe besar, C. merah, Cabal, Lombok, CIII, Lada merah; J: Lombok, Mengkreng, Cabe; S: Cabe, Lombok, Sabrang; F: Poivron, Piment rouge; E: Green peppers, Red p., Chillies, Gulnea p., Sweet peppers , ~ t If ~ Capsicum frutescens L. 1: Cabe rawit, C. setan; J: Lombok jemprit, L. rawit, L. jempling; S : Cabe rawit, C. eengek, Cengek, Ceplik; F: Piment d'oiseau, P. de Cayenne; E: Bird ehillies, Age, Cayenne pepper, Goat p. Cestrum spp. ~ 1: Sustrum, Sedap malam; J: Arum da/u; S: Seutreum; F: Cestreau, Cestron, Ga/ant; E: Day Jasmine, Bastard J., Night syrlnga, Yellow s., Hammerwort (j ~ Cyphomandra betacea Sendtn. 1: Terong Belanda, T. perus; J:; S: Terong menen; F: Tomate en arbre; E: Tree tomato Datura metel L. t · 1: Keeubung, Cubung; J: Kacubung; S: Kueubung; F: Datura méte/, Stramoine, D. d'Egypte; E: Hindu datura, Fire weed, Hairy thorn apple, Metel ~ tri t ... Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (syn.: Lycopersicon Iycopersicum) 1: Tomat, Rangam; J: Tomat, B/andotan, Kermate, Ranti Bali, R. gendeJ, R. kenong, Terongsabrang; S: Tomat, Leunca komlr, Kemir; F: Tomate, Pomme d'amour; E: Common tomato · tri t Nicotlana tabacum L. 1: Tembakau, Bako; J: Tembako, Bako, Sata; S: Bako; F: Tabac commun; E: Common tobaeeo Physalis minima L. t (j ~ 1: Ceplukan; J: Cep/ukan, C. sapi, C. cina, Cicip/ukan; S : Ceeendet(an), C. kunir, Ceeenet(an); F: Petite tomate du Mexique; E : Morel berry, Sunberry Solanum americanum Mill. ~ (j t 1: Ranti, Rampai, Loncak, Terong hitam, Terong h.; J: Rant/, Dara gowok; S : Leunea, L. badak, L. manuk, L. pahit; F: Brède noire, Morelle n., Ogomoh; E: Black nightshade Solanum macrocarpon L. 1: Terong eina, T. engkol; J:; S: Terong engkol, T. gayung, T. kalapa, T. kopek; F: Gboma, Grosse anghive, Petite bringelle marronne; E:

Economie Plants of Indonesia

98

&64.

665.

&66.

867.

Solanum rnammolum L. t ~ 1: Terong susu; J:; S: Terong susu; F: Morelle mamelonnée, Poire de bachelier; E: Nipple brlnjal, Berenjene, Pichlchlo, Cichihua Solanum melongena L. & t 1: Terong; J: Terong, Encung; S: Terong, Cokrom, Encung; F : Aubergine; E: Eggplant, Aubergine, Jew's apple, Mad a., Brinjal, Melongene Solanum torvum Sw. & t 1 : Terong pipit. Tekokak, Rimang; J: Terong belut, Poka, Coko wana, Terongan, Cepoka, Cong belut; S: Takokak; F: Morelle (esp.); E : Plate brush, Soushumber Solanum tuberolum L. JI : Kentang, lIbl kentang, Kembill welanda; J: Kentang, K. walanda, Uwi kentang; S: Huwl kumell, H. walanda, Kentang, Kumell; F: Pomme de terre; E: Potato, Irish potato (US)

a

Sterculiaceae

868. 869. Flrmlana malayana Kosterm. ~ t 1: Pong tal hal, Buah tempayan, B. bengkak, Gemblung; J:; S: Antehai, KI gemblung; F:; E: Heritiera Ipp. (r~ tri a , t · -1 · 1: Palapl; J: Cerlang laut, Dungun gunung; S: KI me(y)ong, Ki poleng; F: Héritière, Bois de table, Mol/avi des Indes, Mengkulang, Teralin; E: Looking-glass tree, Sundri 1., Mengkulang Pterolpermum Ipp. (f.l & -1 t · ~.. 1: Bayur; J: Balang, Walang, Wadang; S: Cerlang, Bayur; F: Ptérosperme, Bayur; E: Bayur, Wajoo Sterculia foetlda L. ~$ tri t · If -1 ~ 1 : Kelumpang, Kepuh, Jangkang, Kepok ketek; J: Jangkang, Kepuh, Kepoh, Poh; S: Kepuh, Koleangka, Kelumpang; F: Bois puant, Bois de corne fétide, Olivier de Java; E: Stink malve, Stinklng wood, Kalumpang oil tree, Bastard poon Theobroma cacao L. tri · t · 1: Coklat; J: Coklat; S: Coklat; F: Cacaoyer; E: Cocoa 1., Cacao 1.

Ir

670. 671.

a , ·

672.

Strelitziaceae

673. Ravenala madagalcar/enlil Sonn. ~ § .. 1: Plsang klpas; J:; S: Cau klpas; F: Arbre du voyageur, Ravenala; E : Traveller's tree of Madagascar, Traveller's palm

Dietionary

99

Styracaceae

674. StyraX benzoin Dryand. cl · t · 1: Kemenyan, Menyan, Talanan, Luban jawl; J:; S: Ki menyan, KI kuhkuran; F: Arbre è benJoin, BenJoin; E: Sumatra benzoln tree, Malaysian benzoln, Benjamin tree

Taccaceae

675. Tacca leontopetaloides (L.) O.K. J-t · · (syn.: T. plnnatlfida Forst.) 1: Gadung tlkus, G. laut, lies-Iles, Uklr, Leker, Kacunda, Taka laut; J : lIes-i1es, Kecondang, Condang, Kemendulan, Ceker ayam; S: Kumls ucing, Kacondang, Kotok bongkok; F: Tacca, Arrow-root de Tahiti, Pallie de pia; E: Tacca, Tahiti arrowroot, East Indlan a. Pla, Lokl, Telo

t

Taxodiaceae

676. Cryptomeria japonlca (L.f.) D.Don. ~ 1: Cemara jepang; J:; S: Cemara; F: Cryptomerla; E: Cryptomeria, Japanese cedar

Theaceae

677. 678. Camellla slnensls (L.) O.K. ·· tif. (syn.: Thea sinens/s L.) 1: Teh; J: Teh; S: Enteh; F: Théier; E: Tea plant Schlma walllchli (DC.) Korth. l:jïl ., If ssp. noronhae (Re/nw.ex Bl) Bloembergen 1: Puspa, Kembang cangkak; J: Puspa, Seru; S: Puspa, Huru batu, H. manuk, Ki merang; F: Mangtan, Simartolu; E: Burma gugertree, Needle wood, Simartolu

e

Thymelaeaceae

679. Aquilaria moluccensls Oken (syn.: A. malaccens/s Lam.) 1: Kayu garu, K. gaharu, Karas, Mengkaras, Kayu bulu, Nameng, Kepang, Kelembak, Kalembak; J:; S: Kayu garu, KI karas; F: Bols d'aigle de Malacca, Garou de M., Calambac; E: Malacca eaglewood, A1lm, Calambac tree, Karas, Mengkaras

e· ·

100

Economie Plants of Indonesla

Tillaceae

880. Corchorus capsularis L. · $ t 1: Yute, Gonl, Gunl, Sayur benggala; J: Gedengan, Pisangan; S: Guni, Tagon!; F: Jute, Chanvre du Bengale, Corète capsulaire, Herbe d'AmboIne; E: Yute, Jute plant, White jute, Chinese hemp

Typhaceae

881. Typha angustlfolla L. ~ $ $ ... 1: Lembang, Wallnl; J: Rumput lembang, Embet; S: Walini, Aslwung raja mantrl, Wawallnglyan; F: Massette des étangs, Canne de jonc, Masse de jonc; E: Cat's tail, Bullrush

Urtlcaceae

882. Boehmerla nives (L.) Gaudich. i t 1: Rami, Gohnl, Kelul, Rumput tiongkok; J:; S: Haramay; F: Ramie de ChIne, R. blanche, Chanvre de Saigon; E: Ramie, R. grass, China g., Rhea g., Nettie hemp Dendrocnlde stimulans (L.f.) Chew. t $ , ... (syn.: Laportea s. Miq. ) 1: Jelatang gajah; J: Kemaduh, K. lengis, K. sapi; S: Pu/us matih, P. Jalatong; F: Feuille du diable, Herbe du buffle; E: Devil's leaf Piles melastomoldes (Poir.) BI. $ 1: Daun sepet; J : ; S : Pohpohan; F:; E: Clearweed, Richweed, Stingless nettle Pilee microphylla (L.) Liebm. t 1: Ketumpan, Katumpang(an), Akar nast; J: Balungan; S : Katumpang(an); F:; E: Gun-powder plant, Artillery p., Clearweed, Rlchweed, Stlngless nettle Pouzolzia zeylanica (L.) Benn. t $ 1 : Deres, Daun deres, D.· bara, D. Inget, Tumpangan, Urang-aring, Orang-aring, Kerendang; J: Deresan, Kukon-kukon, Orang-aring, Regetan; S: Jukut krlnclng, J. letah hayam, Katumpang lemah, Urang·arlng,Orang-arlng; F: Ortie (esp.); E: Red eclipta

883.

a

884. 885.

886.

Verbenaceae

887. 888. Clerodendrum panlculatum L. ~ t 1: Pemanggll, Sapanggil, Bunga pagoda; J:; S: Kembang payung, Kumis lele; F: C/érodendron, Péragut; E: Glory tree Clerodendrum splendens G.Don ~ 1: Nona makan slrih; J: ; S: Nona makan sirih; F: C/érodendron, Péragut; E : Glory tree

101

Dlctlonary

689.

690. 691. 692.

693. 694.

695. 696.

Clerodendrum thomsonae Balt.f. ~ III 1: Nona makan slrlh; J:; S: Nona makan sirlh; F: Peragutde Thomson; E: Broken hearts, Bafflower, Bleadlng heart, Glory bower, Cornell flower, Mata vine Ouranta repens L. ~ t lIllI 1: Sinyoh, Stip yongen, Terang bulan, Pangkas kuning; J:; S: Sinyoh, Stip nyongen; F: Durante; E: Sky f10wer Gmelina arborea Roxb. 'Vl 1: Bulangan; J: Wareng; S: Wareng; F: Gmelin; E: Lantana camara L. t (j , ~ ... · · ~ 1: Lantana, Tembelekan, Bunga pagar, Kayu Singapur, Tahl ayam; J: Waung, Wileran, Pucengan, Oblo, Tembelek(an), Teterapan, Kembang te/ek, Puyengan; S: Saliyara, Salyere, Cente, Kembang satek, Tai hayam, T. kotok; F: Camara à feuilles de mélisse, Lantana à f. de m.; E: Jamaica mountain sage, Lantana Peronema canescens Jack rfJ t ~ 1: Sungkai, Sekai; J: Jati sabrang, Sungkeh; S: Jati sabrang, KI sabrang; F: Sungkai; E: Soongkai, Sungkai Stachytarpheta spp. ~ t 1: Jarong(an), Jarong lelaki, Pee ut kuda; J: Jarongan, Gewongan, Ngadi rengga, Laler mengeng, Remek getih; S: Jarong lalakl, KI meurit beureum; F: Verveine bleue, Queue de rat; E: Snake weed, Bastard vervain Teetona grandis L.f. (,Iil t ~.. · 1: Jati; J: Deleg, Kiati, Kulidawa; S: Jati, Jatos, Dadolan; F: Teck, Tee; E: Teak wood, Jati ... Verbena hybrida Voss. 'V 1: Verbena, Perbena; J:; S: Stek ngareuy verbena; F: Verveine; E : Moss-verbena, Vervain

Vitaceae

697. Vitis vinifera L. (j 61 .1: Anggur; J: Anggur; S: Anggur; F: Vigne; E: Common grape vine

Volvariaceae

698. Volvaria volvacea (Bull.) Fries ~ 1: Jamur merang, J. padi; J: Jamur dami, J. kantong; S: Supa geunduk, S. bunteli, S. pare; F: Agaric; E: Agaric

102

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Zlnglberaceae

699.

Alplnia galanga (L.) Sw. , & ~ · ~ (syn.: Languas g. (L.) Stuntz) . 1: Langkuas, Lengkuas; J: Laos; S: Laja; F: Grand galanga, G. de Java, G. d'Inde, Languas; E: Greater galangal(e), Gallnggale, Langwas, Fa/se galangaJ Alplnla malaccensls (Surm.f) Rose. ~ ~ (syn.: Catlmblum m. (Surm.f.) Holtt.) 1: Langkuas malaka, Bunglallakl-Iakl, Bolang, Kepolang; J: KamiJara; S : Laja gowah, Raja g.; F:; E: Amall essence alplnia Amomum aculeatum Rom. 1: Honje manls; J: Wola waliyan; S: Parahulu; F:; E: Amomum compaetum Soland. ex Maton , ~ 1 : Kapulaga, Kardamunggu, Kapol, Kapul, Kepulaga, Kepelaga, Pelaga, Puar pelaga; J: Kapulaga; S: Kapol; F: Cardamome é grape; E : Amomum, Cardamon, Round c. Amomum dealbatum Roxb. & , 1: Resah; J: Wersah, Wresah; S: Hangasa, Harangasa; F: Cardamone de Java; E: Java cardamon Boesenbergla rotunda (L.) Mansf. , If 1: Temu kuncl; J: Temu kuncl; S: Temu kuncl; F: Curcuma rond; E : Ngo shut, Bong nga truat nam Curcuma aeruglnosa Rom. ~ 1: Temu hitam, T. Ireng, T. erang; J: Temu ireng; S: Koneng hideung; F:; E: Curcuma heyneana Val. & Van Zyp 1: Temu giring; J: Temu giring, T. reng; S:; F:; E: Curcuma longa L. , ~ ~ 1 : Kunyit, Temu kunyit, T. kuning, Kunir, Kumkuma, Kuma-kuma, Kungkuma. Kurkuma, Komkoma; J: Kunir, K. bentis, Temu kunir; S : Koneng, K temen, Kunyir; F: Safran des Indes, S. bâtard, Curcuma long; E: Turmerlc, Long t., Round t., Curcuma Curcuma mangga Val. & Van Zyp & If 1 : Temu mangga, T. lalab; J: Temu mangga, T. glenyeh, T. putih, T. baJangan, T. lalab, T. poh; S: Koneng manggah, K. joho, K. lalab, K. pari; F:; E: Curcuma petiolata Rom. 1: Temu putrl; J: Temu putri, T. badur; S: Koneng bokor; F:; E: Curcuma purpura.cens SI. 1: Temu tis; J: Temu tis, T. blenyeh, T. glenyeh; S: Koneng pinggang, K. tinggang, Kunir tlnggang; F:; E: Curcuma soloensis Val. ., · i : Temu bayi; J: Temu glenyeh, T. blenyeh, T. bayi; S:; F:; E: Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb. ~ 1: Temu lawas; J: Temu lawak; S: Koneng gade, K. reuma; F:; E:

t ..

700.

a

t

701. 702.

t

a

t

703. 704. 705. 706. 707.

a

t

t

t .. t

t ..

708.

t

709. 710. 711. 712.

t t

t ..

Dletlonary

103

713.

Curcuma zeodaria (Christm.) Rose.

t

~

J-.

714. 715. 716. 717. 718. 719. 720.

721.

722. 723. 724. 725. 726. 727. 728.

1: Temu putih; J: Temu putih; S: Koneng tegal; F: Amome à feuilles larges, Curcuma zédoaire, Zédoaire; E: Zedoary, Zedoarla, Long Z., Round z. Etllngera elatior (Jack) R.M.Smith , (j ~ t i ~.... 1: Kecrombrang, Combrang; J: Combrang, Keeombrang, Onje; S : HonJe, Rombeh, Combrang; F:; E: Etllngera foetens (BI.) R.M. Smith (j ~ 1: Temu alas; J:; S: Tepus sigung; F:; E: Etlingera hemisphaerica (BI.) R.M.Smith , (j ~ 1: Honje; J: Onje; S: Honje'18ka, H. hejo; F:; E: Etllngera walang (BI.) R.M. Smith , ~ t 1: Walang; J:; S: Walang; F:; E: Hedychium coronarium Koenig (syn.: H. roxburghii BI.) t · 1 : Gandasuli, Gandasoli; J: Gandasuli, Gondasuli; S: Gandasuli, Gandasoli; F: Gandasuli à bouquets; E: Garland flowers, Butterfly ginger Kaempferia angustifolia Rose. 1 : Kunci pepet, K. menir; J: Kunei pepet; S: Kuncl kunot, K. menir; F : Kaempférie (esp.); E: Kaempferia galanga L. ~ ~ If 1 : Keneur, Cekur; J: Kencur; S: Cikur, Ceku, Cekor, Tekur, Suha, Bataka; F: Galanga de Kaempfer, Zédoalre galanga; E: East-Indian galanggale, Galangale Kaempferia rotunda L. t , ~ 1: Temu putlh, Kunyit p.; J: Kunirputih, Kunei pepet, Ardong, Temu putri; S : Koneng bodas; F: Herbe à Kaempfer, Zédoaire arrondie, Z. bulbeuse, Z. ronde; E: Round-rooted galanggale Zingiber amaricans BI. , ~ ~ 1: Lempuyang emprit, L. pahit, L. keeil; J: Lempuyang emprit; S : Lampuyang pait; F:; E: Zlngiber aromaticum Val. , ~ t 1: Lempuyang wangi; J: Lempuyang wangi; S: Lampuyang ruum, L. wangl; F:; E: Zing/ber odoriferum BI. (j ~ 1 : Lempuyang, Lempoyang; J: Lempuyang; S: Balakatoa, Tobal, . Tongtak; F:; E: Zingiber officinale Rose. , ~ cl 1: Jahe, A1ia, Halia; J: Jae, Jahe; S: Jahe; F: Gingembre; E: Ginger

t

t

t

,

t

t

Zingiber otlensii Val. t 1: Bangle hantu, Banglai h.; J:; S: Panglai hideung; F:; E: Zing/ber purpureum Rose. (syn.: Z. eassumunar Roxb.) t 1: Bangle, Banglai. Kunyit bolai, Bunglai; J: Bengle; S: Panglai; F : Gingembre eassumunar, Zédoaire jaune; E: Cassumunar ginger Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Sm. t , 1: Lempuyang gajah; J: Lempuyang gajah, L. kebo, L. kapur, L. badak, L. paek; S:; F: Gingembre sauvage, Amome s., Zerumbet; E: Wild ginger. Zerumbet g., Broad-leaved g.

104

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Scientific Index

Indeks IImiah

Index Scientifique

A

Malvaceae Abelmoschus esculentus Malvaceae Abelmoschus manihot Abelmoschus moschatus Malvaceae Fabaceae Abrus precatorius Abutilon spp. Malvaceae Acacia auriculiformis Mimosaceae Mimosaceae Acacia farneslana Euphorblaceae Acalypha indica Acmella panlculata Asteraceae Araceae Acorus calamus Rutaceae Acronychia laurifolla Actinorhytls calapparia Arecaceae Mimosaceae Adenanthera pavonina Adeniaspp. Passifloraceae Adenlum obesum Apocynaceae Polypodlaceae Adlantum spp. Rutaceae Aegle marmelos Aeschynanthus spp. Gesneriaceae Agathis philipplnensis Araucariaceae Agave cantala Agavaceae Agave sisalana Agavaceae Asteraceae Ageratum conyzoides Araceae Aglaonema spp. Aleurites moluccana Euphorbiaceae Apocynaceae A1lamanda cathartica Uliaceae AIlium cepa forma ascalonicum AIlium cepa forma cepa Uliaceae Uliaceae AIlium fistulosum AIlium odorum Ullaceae Ullaceae AIlium porrum Uliaceae AIlium sativum Uliaceae AIlium schoenoprasum A10casia macrorrhizos Araceae A10casia spp. Araceae A10e spp. A10eaceae Zingiberaceae A1plnia galanga A1pinia malaccensis Zingiberaceae A1seodaphne spp. Lauraceae A1stonia spp. Apocynaceae A1ternanthera sessilis Amaranthaceae A1ternanthera tenella Amaranthaceae A1tingla excelsa Hamamelidaceae Amaranthus hybridus Amaranthaceae Amaranthus lividus Amaranthaceae Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthaceae Amaranthus tricolor Amaranthaceae Amherstia nobilis Caesalpiniaceae Amomum aculeatum Zingiberaceae Amomum compactum Zingiberaceae Amomum dealbatum Zingiberaceae Amorphophallus paeoniifolius Araceae Amorphophallus variabilis Araceae Anacardium occidentale Anacardiaceae Ananas comosus Bromeliaceae Anisoptera spp. Dipterocarpaceae Annona murlcata Annonaceae Annona reticulata Annonaceae Annona squamosa Annonaceae

Anthocephalus cadamba Anthurium spp. Antiaris toxicarla Antldesma bunlus Antidesma ghaesembilla Antigonon leptopus Aplum graveolens Aquilaria moluccensis Arachis hypogaea Araucaria cunninghamil Archidendron pauciflorum Areca cateehu Arenga plnnata Artocarpus communis Artocarpus elasticus Artocarpus heterophyllus Artocarpus Integer Artocarpus rotunda Arundlnarla spp. Asclepias curassavlca Asparagus officinalis Asparagus plumosus Asplenium nidus Asterspp. Auricularia auricula-judae Averrhoa bilimbi Averrhoa carambola Ayapana triplinervis Azadlrachta indica

Rubiaceae Araceae Moraceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Polygonaceae Apiaceae Thymelaeaceae Fabaceae Araucariaceae Mimosaceae Arecaceae Arecaceae Moraceae Moraceae Moraceae Moraceae Moraceae Poaceae Asclepiadaceae Uliaceae Uliaceae Polypodiaceae Asteraceae Auriculariaceae Oxalidaceae Oxalidaceae Asteraceae Meliaceae

B

Baccaurea dulcis Euphorbiaceae Baccaurea javanica Euphorbiaceae Baccaurea motleyana Euphorbiaceae Baccaurea racemosa Euphorbiaceae Bambusa spp. Poaceae Bambusoideae Poaceae Barleria spp. Acanthaceae Barringtonia acutangula Lecythidaceae Basellaalba Basellaceae Bauhinia scandens Caesalpiniaceae Bauhinia spp. Caesalpinlaceae Bauhlnia tomentosa Caesalpiniaceae Begonia spp. Begonlaceae Belamcanda chinensis Iridaceae Benincasa hisplda Cucurbitaceae Beta vulgaris Chenopocliaceae Bischofia javanica Euphorbiaceae Bixa orellana Bixaceae Boehmeria nivea Urticaceae Boesenbergia rotunda Zingiberaceae Borassus flabellifer Arecaceae Bouea macrophylla Anacardiaceae Bougainvillea speetabilis Nyctaginaceae Brassica chinensis Brassicacee.e Brassica napobrassica Brassicaceae Brassica napus Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea var. botrytis Brassicaceae Brassica oleracea var. capitata Brassicaceae

Sclentific Index

107

Brassica rapa Brassica rugosa Broussonetia papyrifera Brugmansia spp. Bruguiera gymnor(r)hiza Brunf.isia uniflora Buddleja asiatica

Brassicaceae Brassicaceae Moraceae Solanaceae Rhizophoraceae Solanaceae Buddlejaceae

c

Caesalpinia pulcherrlma Caesalplnla sappan Cajanus cajan Caladium bicolor Caladium lindenll Calamus caesius Calamus manan Calathea spp. Calliatemon citrlnus Calophyllum app. Calotropls gigantea Camellla sinenais Cananga odorata Canarlum spp. Canavalla enalformls Cannaedulls Cannaspp. Cannabis satlva CapparÎs aplnosa Capsicum annuum Capsicum fruteacens Carica papaya Carthamus tinctorius Carum carvi Caryota mitis Casaia a1ata Casaia javanica Castanopsis argentea Casuarlna equlsetlfolla Casuarlna junghuhnlana Catharanthus roseus Calba pentandra Celoaia argentea Centella asiatica Centroaema pubeacens Cerbera manghas Cereusspp. Cereus uruguayanus Ceriops tagal Cestrum spp. Chamaecyparls funebris Chamaecyparis spp. Chrysanthemum app. Chryaophyllum cainito Cicer arletinum Cichorium endivia Cichorium Intybus Clnchona app. Cinnamomum burmanll Cinnamomum camphora Caesalplniaceae Caesalplnlaceae Fabaceae Araceae Araceae Arecaceae Arecaceae Marantaceae Myrtaceae Quaiaceae Aaclepiadaceae Theaceae Annonaceae Buraeraceae Fabaceae Cannaceae Cannaceae Cannabaceae Capparaceae Solanaceae Solanaceae Caricaceae Asteraceae Apiaceae Arecaceae Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpiniaceae Fagaceae Casuarinaceae Casuarlnaceae Apocynaceae Bombacaceae Arnaranthaceae Apiaceae Fabaceae Apocynaceae Cactaceae Cactaceae Rhlzophoraceae Solanaceae Cupreasaceae Cupreasaceae Asteraceae Sapotaceae Fabaceae Asteraceae Asteraceae Rubiaceae Lauraceae Lauraceae

Clnnamomum casaia Lauraceae Lauraceae Cinnamomum grandiflorum Cinnamomum iners Lauraceae Cinnamomum parthenoxylon Lauraceae Cinnamomum verum Lauraceae Cltrullus lanatus Cucurbitaceae Citrus aurantifolia Rutaceae Citrus aurant(h)ium Rutaceae Citrus grandis Rutaceae Citrus hyatrlx Rutaceae Rutaceae Citrus japonica Citrus limon Rutaceae Citrus medica Rutaceae Citrus mlcrocarpa Rutaceae CItrus nobilis Rutaceae Clausena excavata Rutaceae Cleome gynandra Capparaceae Clerodendrum panlculatum Verbenaceae Clerodendrum aprendens Verbenaceae Verbenaceae Clerodendrum thomsonae Cocos nucifera Euphorbiaceae Coffea arabica Rubiaceae Coffea canephora var. robusta Rubiaceae Coffea liberica Rubiaceae Colx lachryma-jobl Poaceae Colocasia eaculenta Araceae Corchorus capsularls Tiliaceae Cordyline fruticosa Agavaceae Coriandrum satlvum Apiaceae Corypha utan Arecaceae Cosmos caudatus Asteraceae Cosmosspp. Asteraceae Costus SpeCi08US Coataceae Cotylelobium spp. Dipterocarpaceae Cratoxylum arOOreacens Cluaiaceae Creacentia cujete Bignoniaceae Crinum &siaticum Ullaceae Uliaceae Crinum app. Crotalarla mucronata Fabaceae Cryptocarya massoy Lauraceae Cryptomeria japonica Taxodiaceae Cryptotaenia canadenaia Aplaceae Cucumia melo Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae Cucumis satlwa Cucurbltaceae Cucurblta moachata Cuminum cyminum Apiaceae Cupheaapp. Lythraceae Cupresaua aempervirena Cupreasaceae Curculigo latifolla Uliaceae Zingiberaceae Curcuma aeruginosa Zingiberaceae Curcuma heyneana Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa Zingiberaceae Curcuma mangga Zingiberaceae Curcuma petiolata Zingiberaceae Curcuma purpuraacena Z1ngiberaceae Curcuma 8OIoensia Zingiberaceae Curcuma xanthorrhlza Curcuma zeodaria Z1ngiberaceae Cyathea contamlnana Arnaranthaceae Cycas revoluta Cycadaceae

108

Economie Plants of Indonesla

Cycas rumphii Cyclea barbata Cymbopogon citratus Cymbopogon nardus Cynometra cauliflora Cyperus papyrus Cyphomandra betacea Cyrtostachys renda

Cycadaceae Menispermaceae Poaceae Poaceae Caesalpiniaceae Cycadaceae Solanaceae Arecaceae

o

Dacrycarpus imbricatus Podocarpaceae Dacrydium spp. Podocarpaceae Daetylocladus stenostachysMelastomataceae Daemonorops melanochaetes Arecaceae Daemonorops rubra Arecaceae Dahlia spp. Asteraceae Dalbergia latifolia Fabaceae Datura metel Solanaceae Daucus carota Apiaceae Deeringia amaranthoides Amaranthaceae Dehaasia spp. Lauraceae Delonix regia Caesalpiniaceae Dendrocalamus asper Urticaceae Derris elliptica Fabaceae Dialium indum Caesalpiniaceae Dichroa febrifuga Hydrangeaceae Dichroa sylvatica Hydrangeaceae Dieffenbachia spp. Araceae Dillenia spp. Dilleniaceae Dimocarpus longan Sapindaceae Dinochloa spp. Poaceae Dioscorea alata Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea bulbifera Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea esculenta Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea hispida Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea nummularia Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea pentaphylla Dioscoreaceae Diospyros celebica Ebenaceae Diospyros discolor Ebenaceae Diospyros kaki Ebenaceae Diplazium esculentum Polypodiaceae Diplazium proliferum Polypodiaceae Dipterocarpus spp. Dipterocarpaceae Dracaena spp. Agavaceae Dracontomelon spp. Anacardiaceae Dryobalanops spp. Dipterocarpaceae Duranta repens Verbenaceae Durio zibethinus 80mbacacaae Dyera costulata Apocynaceae Dysoxylum densiflorum Meliaceae

Eleutherine palmifolia Iridaceae Myrsinaceae Embelia ribes Asteraceae Emilia spp. Epiphyllum hookeri Cactaceae Epiphyllum oxypetalum Cactaceae Gesneriaceae Episcia reptans Rosaceae Eriobotrya japonica Apiaceae Eryngium foetidum Fabaceae Erythrina subumbrans Erythrina variegata Fabaceae Etlingera elatior Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Etlingera foetens Etlingera hemisphaerica Zingiberaceae Etlingera walang Zingiberaceae Eucalyptus alba Myrtaceae Eucalyptus deglupta Myrtaceae Eugeissona utilis Arecaceae Eugenia aromatica Myrtaceae Eugenia cumini Myrtaceae Myrtaceae Eugenia densiflora Myrtaceae Eugenia Iineata Myrtaceae Eugenia malaccensis Eugenia michelii Myrtaceae Myrtaceae Eugenia polyantha Myrtaceae Eugenia polycephala Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia antiquorum Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia cotinifolia Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia pulcherrima Euphorbia tirucalli Euphorbiaceae Eurycoma longifolia Simaroubaceae Eusideroxylon zwageri Lauraceae Excoecaria agallocha Euphorbiaceae Excoecaria cochinchinensis Euphorbiaceae

F

Fagraea fragrans Ficus ampelas Ficus banyana Ficus conciliorum Ficus deltoidea Ficus elastica Ficus parvifolia Ficus pumila Ficus religiosa Filicium decipiens Firmiana malayana Aacourtia inermis Aacourtia rukam Foeniculum vulgare Fragaria vesca Loganiaceae Moraceae Moraceae Moraceae Moraceae Moraceae Moracese Moraceae Moraceae Sapindaceae Sterculiaceae Aacourtiaceae Aacourtiaceae Apiaceae Rosaceae

E

Echinochloa crus-galli Eclipta prostrata Eichhornia crassipes Elaeis guineensis Elateriospermum tapos Eleusine indica Poaceae Asteraceae Pontederiaceae Arecaceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae

G

Ganua spp. Garcinia celebica Garcinia dulcis Garcinia mangostana Garcinia parvifolia Gardenia augusta Sapotaceae Glusiaceae Glusiaceae Glusiaceae Glusiaceae Rubiaceae

Scientific Index

109

Gardenia spp. Gaultherla leucocarpa Gendarussa vulgaris Gigantochloa spp. Gladiolus imbricatus Glirlcidia sepium Glochidion spp. Glorlosa superba G1uta renghas Glycine max Glycyrrhiza glabra Gmelina arborea Gnetum gnemon Gomphrena globosa Gonystylus spp. Gosaypium spp. Graptophyllum pictum

Rubiaceae Erlcaceae Acanthaceae Poaceae Irldaceae Fabaceae Euphorbiaceae Uliaceae Anacardiaceae Fabaceae Fabaceae Verbenaceae Gnetaceae Amaranthaceae Gonystylaceae Malvaceae Acanthaceae

J

Jacaranda spp. Jasmlnum sambae Jatropha curcas Jatropha multifida Juniperus chinensis Bignoniaceae Qleaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorblaceae Cupressaceae

K

Kaempferia angustifolia Kaempferia galanga Kaempferla rotunda KaJanchoe pinnata KaJanchoe spp. Koompassia malaccensis Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Zinglberaceae Crassulaceae Crassulaceae Apocynaceae

H

Halopegla blumel Marantaceae Hedychium coronarium Zingiberaceae Helianthus annuus Asteraceae Heliconia spp. Heliconiaceae Hemigraphis alternata Acanthaceae Heritiera spp. Stereuliaceae Hevea brasilienais Euphorbiaceae Hibiscus cannabinus Malvaceae Hibiscus rosa·sinensis Malvaceae Hibiscus sabdariffa Malvaceae Hibiscus spp. Malvaceae Hibiscus tiliaceus Malvaceae Hibiscus tiliaceus sap. similis Malvaceae Hippeastrum spp. Uliaceae Homalium foetidum F1acourtiaceae Hopea sangal Dipterocarpaceae iiopea spp. Dipterocarpaceae Hopeaspp. Dipterocarpaceae Hoyaspp. Asclepiadaceae Hura crepitans Euphorbiaceae Hydrangea maerophylla Hydrangeaceae Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Apiaceae Hylocereus undatus Cactaceae Hyptis suaveolens Lamiaceae

L

Lablab purpureus Fabaceae Lactuca indica Asteraceae Lactuca sativa Asteraceae Lagenarla sicerarla Cueurbitaceae Lagerstroemia flos-reglnae Lythraceae Lagerstroemia Indlca Lythraceae Lannea coromandelica Anacardiaceae Lansium domestieum Mellaceae Lantana camara Verbenaceae Laurus nobilis Lauraceae Lawsonia Inermis Lythraceae Lens eulinaris Fabaceae Lepidium sativum Brasaicaceae Leucaena leucocephala Mimosaceae Umnocharis flava Umnocharitaceae Utchl chinenais Sapindaceae Uthocarpus spp. Fagaceae Utsea cubeba Lauraceae Utsea gareiae Lauraceae Utsea monopetala Lauraceae Utsea odorifera Lauraceae Utsea robusta Lauraceae Uvistona rotundifolia Arecaceae Lophopetalum spp. Celastraceae Luffa acutangula Cueurbitaceae Luffa cylindrica Cueurbitaceae Lycopersicon esculentum Solanaceae Lycopodium spp. Lycopodiaceae Lygodium spp. Schizaeaceae

Impatiens balsamina Impatiens spp. Imperata cylindrica Indigofera sp. Inocarpus edulis Intsiaspp. lpomoea aquatlca lpomoea bata1as lpomoea pes-caprae Ireaine herbstii Ixora coccinea Ixora spp.

Balsaminaceae Balsarninaceae Poaceae Fabaceae Fabaceae Caesalpiniaceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Convolvulaceae Amaranthaceae Rubiaceae Rubiaceae

M

Maerotyloma uniflorum Maesopsis emini! Malus sylvestris Mangifera caesia Mangifera foetida Mangifera indica Mangifera odorata Manihot esculenta Manihot glaziovii Fabaceae Rhamnaceae Rosaceae Anacardiaceae Anacardiaceae Anacardiaceae Anacardiaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae

110

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Sapotaceae Manilkara kauki Manilkara zapata Sapotaceae Caesalpiniaceae Manlltoa grandlflora Marantaceae Maranta arundinacea Maranthes corymbosa Chrysobalanaceae Asclepiadaceae Marsdenia tinetoria Marsllea crenata Marsileaceae Melastomataceae Medinilla spp. Melaleuca leucadendra Myrtaceae Melastomataceae Melastoma spp. Melia azedarach Meliaceae Mentha arvensis var. javanica Lamiaceae Metroxyton sagu Arecaceae Magnoliaceae Michelia alba Magnoliaceae Michelia champaca Mimosa pudica Mimosaceae Sapotaceae Mimusops elengi Nyctaginaceae Mirabilis jalapa Cucurbitaceae Momordica charantia Monstera deliciosa Araceae Rubiaceae Morinda citrifolia Moringaceae Moringa pterygosperma Moraceae Morusalba Moraceae Morus macroura Mucuna pruriens Fabaceae Muntingia calabura Racourtiaceae Murraya paniculata Rutaceae Musa acuminata Musaceae Musa balbisiana Musaceae Musa chiliocarpa Musaceae Musaglauca Musaceae Musa nana Musaceae Musa paradisiaca var. saplentum Musaceae Musa paradisiaca Musaceae Musa textilis Musaceae Mussaenda spp. Rubiaceae Myristica fragrans Myristicaceae

Ocimum americanum Ocimum basilicum Ocimum gratissimum Ocimum tenuiflorum Oetomeles sumatrana Oenanthe javanica Oncosperma tigillarium Opuntia cochenillifera Opuntia elatior Opuntia ficus-indica Orchidaceae Oroxytum indicum Orthosiphon aristatus Oryza sativa Oryza sativa forma glutinosa

Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Lamiaceae Datiscaceae Apiaceae Arecaceae Caetaceae Caetaceae Caetaceae Orchidaceae Bignoniaceae Lamiaceae Poaceae Poaceae

p

Pachyr(r)hizus erosus Palaquium gutta Palaquium spp. Panax ginseng Pandanus amarytlifolius Pandanus teetorius Pangium edule Panicum maximum Papaver somniferum Pararuellia napifera Paraserianthes falcataria Parkia speciosa Paspalum conjugatum Passiflora edulis Passiflora foetida Passiflora quadrangularis Payena leeril Payenaspp. Pedilanthus tithymaloides Peltophorum pterocarpum Peperomia pellucida Peperomia spp. Pereskia aculeata Pereskia grandifolia Peronema canescens Persea americana Persea sintoc Petroselinum crispum Peucedanum graveolens Phaseolus lunatus Phaseolus vulgaris Philodendron spp. Phoebe grandis Phoenix dactylifera Phyllanthus acidus Phyllanthus fraternus Phyllocladus hypophytlus Phyllostachys spp. Physalis minima Pilea melastomoides Pilea microphylla Pimpinella anisum Fabaceae Sapotaceae Sapotaceae Araliaceae Pandanaceae Pandanaceae Racourtiaceae Poaceae Papaveraceae Acanthaceae Mimosaceae Mimosaceae Poaceae Passifloraceae Passifloraceae Passifloraceae Sapotaceae Sapotaceae Euphorbiaceae Poaceae Piperaceae Piperaceae Caetaceae Caetaceae Verbenacéae Lauraceae Lauraceae Apiaceae Apiaceae Fabaceae Fabaceae Araceae Lauraceae Arecaceae Euphorbiaceae Euphorbiaceae Podocarpaceae Poaceae Solanaceae Urticaceae Urticaceae Apiaceae

N

Nasturtium heterophytlum Brassicaceae Nasturtium indicum Brassicaceae Brassicaceae Nasturtium officinale Nastus spp. Poaceae Nelumbonaceae Nelumbium nucifera Nepenthaceae Nepenthes spp. Nephelium lappaceum Sapindaceae Nephelium ramboutan-ake Sapindaceae Nephrolepis biserrata Polypodiaceae Nerium indicum Apocynaceae Nerium oleander Apocynaceae Nicotiana tabacum Solanaceae Nyetanthes arbor-tristis Oleaceae Nymphaea spp. Nymphaeaceae Nypa fruticans Arecaceae

o

Ochanostachys amentacea Ochroma lagopus Olacaceae Bombacaceae

Scientific Index

111

Pimpinella pruatjan Apiaceae Pinus merkusii Pinaceae Piper betle Piperaceae Piper cubeba Piperaceae Piper nigrum Piperaceae Piper retrofractum Piperacese Pisonia grandis Nyctaginaceae Pistia stratlotes Araceae Pisum sativum Fabaceae Pithecellobium dulce Mimosaceae Piantago major Plantaginaceae Piatycerium coronarlum Polypodiaceae Lamlacese Plectranthus amboinicus P1ectranthus rotundifolius Lamlaceae P1ectranthus scutellarioides Lamlaceae P1eomele angustifolia Agavacese P1uchea indica Asteraceae P1umbago auriculata Piumbaginaceae P1umeria rubra Apocynaceae Podocarpus neriifolius Podocarpaceae Podocarpus spp. Podocarpaceae Pogostemon cablln Lamiaceae Polianthes tuberosa Uliaceae Polysclas scutellarium Araliaceae Polyscias spp. Araliseeae Pometia pinnata Sapindaceae Pongamia pinnata Fabaceae Portulaca oleracea Portulàcaeeae Pothomorphe subpeltata Piperaceae Pouzolzia zeylanica Urticaceae Prunus amygdalus Rosaceae Prunus armeniaca Rosaceae Prunus avium Rosacese Prunus cerasus Rosaceae Prunus domestica Rosaceae Psidium guajava Myrtaceae Psophocarpus tetragonolobus Fabaceae Pteris ensiformis Polypodiaceae Fabaceae Pterocarpus indicus Pterospermum spp. Sterculiaceae Punica granatum Punicaceae Pyrus communis Rosaceae

Rhododendron spp. Rhoeo spathacea Ricinus communis Rosaspp. Roystonea regia Rubia cordifolill Rubus fraxinifollus Rubus moluccanus Rubus rosifolius

Ericaceae Commelinaceae Euphorblaceae Rosaceae Arecaceae Rubiaceae Rosaceae Rosaceae Rosaceae

s

Saccharum officinarum Poaceae Saccharum officinarum forma edule Poaceae Saccharum spontaneum Poaceae Sagittarla sagittifolia A1ismataceae Sagittarla spp. A1ismataceae Saintpaulia ionantha Gesneriaceae Salacca zalacca Arecaceae Salvia splendens Lamiaceae Samanea saman Mlmosaceae Sambucus javanica Caprifoliaceae Sanchezla nobilis Acanthaceae Sandoricum koe~ape Meliaceae Sansevieria trifasciata Agavaceae Santalum album Santalaceae Sapindus rarak Sapindaceae Sauropus androgynus Euphorbiaceae Araliaceae Schefflera spp. Schima wallichil ssp. noronhae Theaceae Schizostachyum spp. Poaceae Schleichera oleosa Sapindaceae OIacaceae Scorodocarpus borneensis Sechium edule Cucurbitaceae Sedum morganianum Crassulaceae Selaginella spp. Selaginellaceae Sesamum orientale Pedaliaceae Sesbania grandiflora Fabaceae Sesbania sesban Fabaceae Sesuvium portulaeastrum Aizoaceae Setaria italica Poaceae Shorea balangeran Dipterocarpaceae Shorea javanica Dipterocarpaceae Shorea laevis Dipterocarpaceae Shorea spp. Dipterocarpaceae Gesneriaceae Sinningia speciosa Smilax macrocarpa Smilacaceae Solanum americanum Solanaceae Solanum macrocarpon Solanaceae Solanum mammosum Solanaceae Solanum melongena Solanaceae SoJanum torvum Solanaceae Solanum tuberosum Solanaceae Sorghum bicolor Poaceae Spathiphyllum spp. Araceae Spathodea campanulata Bignoniaceae Spondias dulcis Anacardiaceae Spondias mombin Anacardiaceae Spondias pinnata Anacardiaceae Verbenaceae Stachytarpheta spp.

Q

Quassia amara Quercus lusitanica Quercus spp. Quisqualis indica Simaroubaceae Fagaceae Fagaceae Combretaceae

R

Rafflesia patma Rafflesiaceae Raphanus sativus var. hortensis Brassicaceae Raphanus sativus var. radicula Brassicaceae Raphia spp. Arecaceae Ravenala madagascariensis Strelitziaceae Rheum spp. Polygonaceae Rhizophora apiculata Rhlzophoraceae Rhizophora mucronata Ahizophoraceae

112

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Staurogyne elongata Stelechocarpus burahol Stenochlaena palustris Sterculla foetlda Strobilanthes crlspus Strychnos luclda Strychnos nux-vomica Styrax benzoln Suaeda marltima Swletenia macrophytla Swletenla mahagoni Syzyglum aqueum Syzygium samarangense

Acanthaceae Annonaceae Polypodiaceae Sterculiaceae Acanthaceae Loganlaceae Loganiaceae Styracaceae Chenopodiaceae Maliaceae Meliaceae Myrtaceae Myrtaceae

U

Uncaria gambir Urena lobata Rubiaceae Malvaceae

V

Vanilla mexlcana Vaticaspp. Verbena hybrida Vetiveria zlzanioides Vicia faba Victoria amazonlca Vignamungo Vigna radiata Vigna subterranea Vigna umbellata Vigna ungulculata Vitis vinifera Volvaria volvacea Orchidaceae Dlpterocarpaceae Verbenaceae Posceae Fabaceae Nymphaeaceae Fabaceae Fabaceae Fabaceae Fabaceae Fabaceae VJtaceae Volvarlaceae

T

Tacca leontopetaloides Tagetes spp. Tamarinduslndlca Taraxacum officinale Teooma stans Tectona grandis Terminalia catappa Terminalia chebula Terminalia citrina Tetragonia tetragonioides Theobroma cacao Thevetla peruvlana Thuja orientalis Thunbergla spp. Tlnospora crispa Tradescantia vlrginlana Trevesia sundalca Trichosanthes cucumerina Tridax procumbens Typha angustifolia Taccaceae Asteraceae eaesalpiniaceae Asteraceae Bignoniaceae Verbenaceae Combretaceae Combretaceae Combretaceae Aizoaceae Sterculiaceae Apocynaceae Cupressaceae Acanthaceae Meliaceae Commelinaceae Arallaceae Cucurbitaceae Asteraceae Typhaceae

X

Xantho80ma violaceum Araceae

Z

leamays lebrina pendula Zingiber amaricans Zingiber aromaticum Zingiber odorlferum Zingiber officinale Zingiber ottensll Zlngiber purpureum Zlngiber zerumbet Zinnia e"gans Zlzlphus rotundifolia loyala matrella Poseeae Commelinaceae Zingiberaceae Zinglberaceae Zingiberaceae Zingiberaceae Zlngiberaceae Zlnglberaceae Zlnglberaceae Asteraceae Rhamnaceae Poaceae

Sclentlfic Index

113

Englishlndex

Indeks Inggris

Index Anglais

A

Abaca Acacia (Sweet a.) Acajou Acalypha Achira Ach(e) Acid lime Aconlte (Country a.) Acute angled cucumber Adam and Eve boat liIy Adam's banana Adder's tongue Adlay Aerlal yam Afrlcan liIy African marigolds African millet African saffron African spinach African tulip tr.. African violet Agallocha Agaric Agati sesbania Age Agrymony (Bastard a.) Alpi Air potato Ajooras Akar kara A1ang-alang A1exandrian laurel A1im A1lamanda Alligator pear A1mendro A1mond tree A1mond (Country a.) A1mond (Goa a.) A1mond (Indian a.) A1mond (Java a.) A1mond (Singapore a.) A1mond (Tropical a.) A10casia (Giant a.) A10e Alphabet plant Amali essence alpinia Amaranth tricolor Amaranth (Slim a.) Amaranth (sp.) Amaranth (Thornya.) Ambarella Ambari hemp Ambooloong Amboyna American gooseberry American honeysuckle American saffron Amherstia Amomum Ananas Anatto tree

492

458

32

282

203

49 618 414 241 225 490 18,19

544

258 412,413 142

550

129 24 154 357,356 297,298

698

338

655

126

66

304

258 125 551 215 679

65 398 222

593

222 32 222

175

222 222

78

20

125 700 26 23 24 25 41 433 114 337 184,446 281 129 186 702 173 156

Ancient milkwort Andaman redwood Andem Andillo Anet Angel's trompet Angled loofah . Anise plant Aniseed plant Annatto tree Antanan goonoong Antanum beirit Apple blossom tr.. Apple tree Apple (Malay a.) Apple (Otaheite a.) Apricot tr.. Arabian costus Arabian jasmine Arabica coffee Aramina plant Aranga Arborvitae Areca nut palm Areng palm Aromatic wintergreen Arrowroot Arrowroot (East-Indian a.) Arrowroot (Purple a.) Arrowroot (Queensland a.) Arrowroot (Tahiti a.) Arrowroot (West-Indlan a.) Arrow-head Artillery plant Arum (Giant a.) Arum (White spot giant a.) Arum liIy Ash (Bitter a.) Ash pumpkin Asiatic bitter yam Asiatic mangrove Asiatic pennywort Asiatic poison bulb Asparagus (Garden a.) Asparagus bean Asparagus fern Asparagus pea Aubergine Australian pine Avocado pear tree Awltree Azalea

293

337 58

439

61

652

241 62 62 156

63

58 193 592 502 41

594

231 519

605

439

352 250 100 101

280

442 675

203 203

675 442 18,19

685

81

80

82 650

235 260

588,589

58 411

409

345 410

336

665

209

398

612 281

B

Bachang mango Bachelor's buttons Bael tree Baff flower Bagberi Baichandi Balata tree Balau Balsam

38

30

617

689

559

260

642 268,273 148

English Index

117

Balsam apple Balsam pear Balsamine Balsamine (Female b.) Bambara groundnut Bamboo (Giant b.) Bamboong Bamboos Banana Banana (Adam's b.) Banana (Cavendish b.) Banana (Chinese b.) Banana (Common eating b.) Banana (Dwarf b.) Banana (Horse b.) Bangkiral Baniti Bankul nut tree Banner plant Banyan tree Banyan (Indian b.) Barbadine Barbados gooaeberry Barbados nut Barbados pride Barbadoa yam Barbary fig Bari tree Barnyard grass (US) Barnyard millet BaalI (Common b.) BaalI (East·lndian b.) BaalI (Hoary b.) Basil (Holy b.) Basil (Holy b.) BaalI (Royal b.) Basil (Sacred b.) BaalI (Shrubby b.) Basil (Sweet b.) Bastard agrymony Bastard fig Bastard ipecacuan(ha) Bastard jasmine Bastard mustard Bastard plantain Bastard poon Bastard saHron Bastard vervain Batal Batako plum Batata Batavia cinnamon

Ba~arongi

147 243

148

147

343 547 59 543

491

490 489 489 491 489 490

272

218

283 82 481

475 531

184 302 190

257

183

102

548 548

372 373 374 371 373 372 371 373 372

126 183

121

671

656 206 362

129 694 463 350 229

382

Bauno Bawang hutan Bay (Sweet b.) Bay (True b.) Bay laurel Bayur Bead tree Bean (Black-eye b.) Bean (Broad b.) Bean (Butter b.) Bean (Common b.)

37 518

392 392

59

72 670

450 345

340

332

333

Bean (DuHin b.) Bean (Egyptlan b.) Bdan (Field b.) Bean (Four-angled b.) Bean (French b.) Bean (Garden b.) Bean (Goa b.) Bean (Good luck b.) Bean (Horse b.) Bean (Kidney b.) Beautyleaf (Ceylon b.) Beech (Indian b.) Beefwood tree Been tree Beet Begonia Belangeran Bel·fruit tree Ben oil tree Bengal clockvine Bengal gambir Bengal gram Bengal madder Bengal quince Beniaeed Benjamin tree Benne oil plant Benuang Benzoin tree Berenjene Betel pepper Betel vine Betelnut palm Bigarade Bignay Bilimbl Billian (Borneo b.) Billy goatweed Bilva Bimli Bimlipatum tree Binjai Bintangoor Bintangur Binuang Bird cherry tree Blrd chilliel Bird's nest fern Bishop wood Bitter ash Bitter cucumber Bitter gourd Bitter momordica Bitter wood Bitter yarn (Asiatic b.) Black currant tree Black gram Black mangrove Black melua Black mulberry Black myroboland Black nlghtahade Black pepper Black plum

332

327

340

336

333 333,340

336

75 314 333 215

335

209

484

212

150

270

617 615 316 614 617

532

484 9

479.674

532 255

674

664

536 536 100

619

284

523

391 126

617

433 433

37 215 215

255 595

573

290

650

655

243 243 243

650 260 285

341

589

216

483 223 662

538

499

118

Economie Plants of Indonesla

B1ackberry liIy Blackwood (Bombay b.) Black-eye baan Black-eyed clockvine Bleading heart Blimbing Blind your eyes tree B1inding tree B1lte (Sea b.) Blite (Wild b.) B100d flower B100d marigold B100dwood (Indian b.) B100d·leaf Blue trumpet vine B1ush-wort Bo tree Bodh-tree (Sacred bo) Boisa Bombast mahoe Bombay blackwood Bombay laurel Bombay rosewood Bonavista bean Bong nga truat nam Boodle Borage (Country bo) Borage (Indian bo) Borneo billian Borneo dammar Borneo ironwood Borneo kauri Bottle brush (Red b.) Bottle gourd Bougainvillea Bowkail Bow-string hemp Box-wood (Burmese b.) Brab tree Bramble of the Cape Brasiletto Brazil cherry Brazilian rosewood Breadfruit tree Breadfruit tree (Wild b.t.) Breadnut tree Brlde's tears Brinjal Broad bean -Broad sword fern Broad-Ieaved ginger Brocoli Broken hearts . Brown cress Brugmansia Buckyam Buffalo gra55 Bukal Bulala Bull oak Bullet wood Bullock's heart Bullrush Bulo

366

318 345 9

689

523 297 297 213 24 121 145 423 31 9 481 481 159 159 318 291 318 327 704 130 376 376 391 276 391 97 495 240 512 164 15,122 628 102 602 191

503

Bunching (Japanese b.) Burma guger tree Burma yellowheart Burmese box-wood Butter bean Butter fruit Butterfly ginger Butterfly pea (Spurred b. p.)

404

678 418 628 332 278 718 315

C

Cabbage (Chinese c.) Cabbage (Headed co) Cabbage palm Cabbage tree Cabbage wood Cabas Cacao tree Cactus (Leaf-flowering Co) Cadju Caesarweed Cafir corn Caimito Cainito Cajan pea Cajaput tree Cajou Calabash Calabash Calabash tree Calabazo Calabur tree Calambac tree Calamondin (orange) Calamus (Sweet co) Calathea Camphire Camphor tree Camphor tree (Martaban c. 1.) Camphor tree (Japanese cot.) Canarytree Canarywood Candie nut tree Canephora coffee Canna Canna (Edible co) Canna de Imbe Cantala Canteloupe Caoba Caoba mahogany Cape ja5mine Cape jasmine Caper-bush Capulin Carambola Caraway Cardamon Cardamon (Java co) Cardamon (Round co) Careless weed Carilla Carolina potato Carongan

355

160 164 119 514 157 164 672 178, 179

32 439

561

638 638

313

506

32

240,529 529 151 151

353

679 625 76

440

425 266 387

383

175 612

283 606 204 203

86

152

468 469 468

570

665

340

10 237

452

576 728 163 689 170 652 262 555 642

634 209

453

608.609 609 205

353

642 45 681 550

524 50 702 703 702 25 243

229

216

Englishlndex

119

Carricature plant Carrot Carthagian apple Cashew·nut tree Cassava Cassia bark Cassia Iignea Cassiavera Cassie flower Cassowary tree Cassumunar ginger Castor oil plant Cat briar Catechou (Pale co) Catechu palm Catjang Cat'seyes Cat'stail Cauliflower Cavendish banana Cayenne cherry Cayenne pepper Ceara rubber tree Cedar (Japanese co) Cedar (Java co) Cedar (Red co) Cedrat tree Celery Celery-Ieaved pine Cellender Centella Centrosema Ceriman Ceylon beautyleaf Ceylon cinnamon Ceylon grass Ceylon oak Ceylon spinach Ceylonwillow Chain of love Chanipac (Fragrant c.) Champaca Champedak Chebulic myrabolam Chempaka Chempaka Chengal Cherry (Surinam co) Cherry tree (Owarf wild c. t.) Cherry tree (Hard co 1.) Cherry tree (Heart co t.) Cherry tree (Indian co t.) Cherry tree (Japanese co t.) Cherry tree (Morello co t.) Cherry tree (Sour c. t.) Cherry tree (Sweet co t.) Chestnut (Fiji c.) Chestnut (Java co) Chestnut (Otaheite co) Chestnut (Polynesian co) Chestnut (Tahiti c.) Chestnut oak Chicaquil Chick pea

3

55

582

32

304 384 384 382 458

209,210 727

309

651

615

100

313

630

681

163

489

503 655 305

676

290 290

624 49 51 315 87 215

567 52

21 637 149 479 570 427 427 471

223

388

426,427 427 267

503

596

595 595

353 353

596

596

595

326 346 326

326

326 347

303

316

Chickasaw lima Chico Chicory Chiku Chillies Chillies (Bird co) China berry Chlnagrass China rose Chinese arbor vitae Chinese banana Chinese cabbage Chinese chive Chlnese cinnamon Chinese evergreen Chinese fig Chinese hemp Chinese honeysuckle Chinese jujube Chinese juniper Chinese lantern Chinese laurel Chinese mustard Chinese myrtle Chinese orange Chinese plum Chinese preserving melon Chinese radish Chinese rhubarb Chinese thuja Chinese yam Chive Chive (Chinese co) Choc(h)o Choyote Christmas daisy Christmas star Christophine Chrysanthem(um) Cibol Cichihua Cinchona tree Cinnamon (Batavia co) Cinnamon (Ceylon co) Cinnamon (Chine.. co) Cinnamon (Saigon co) Cinnamon (Sweet co) Cinnamon (True co) Cinnamon (Wild co) Cinnamon sedge Circassian tree Citron Citron tree (Real co t.) Citronella grass Civetbean Civet durian Clearweed Climbing fern Climbing indigo Climbing liIy Clockvine (Bengal co) Clockvine (Black.yed co) Clockvine (Laurel co) Clockvine (White co)

314 641 132 641

654

655 450 682 434 250

489

160 405 384

279

680 221 585

n

249 431

284

166

628

622

279 171 571

235 250

259

408

405

244 244 127

295

244

130 404

664 604

382 388 384 384 382 388

386

76 459 624 624

545,546

332

158 684,685

579,647 124 414

9 9 9 9

120

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Clove tree C10ver (French c.) Club moas Club palm Cochineal'cactus Cock'scomb Cock'sfoot Cocoa root Cocoa tree Coconut'palm Cocoyam Cocoyam Coffee plant (True c.p.) Coffee (Arabica c.) Coffee (Canephora c.) Coffee (Robusta c.) Cogon grass (US) Coix millet Cole Coleus Colliflower Colonial pine Colza Common basil Common bean Common cypreas Common eating banana Commongram Common grape vine Common guava Common jujube Common Iiquorice Common mahogany Common mango Common pomegranate Common purslane Common radish Common tobacco Common tomato Cone head Confederate vine Congo coober Congo jute Congopea Coober (Congo c.) Coolie orange Coral beads of Guiney Coral creeper Coral pea Coral pea tree Coral plant Coral tree Coral tree (Indian c. t.) Coral vine Corallita Corazon Coriander Corkwood Corkwood (West-Indian c.) Corkwood tree Corn (Cafir c.) Corn (Guinea c.) Corn (Indian c.) Corn (Jerusalem c.)

498

30

421 12 181 27

548

85 672 106 85,91 91

605 605 606 606

551

544

83,84

376 163 98 162 372

333

248 491 316 697 507

585

324 453 39 582 581 172

660

659

8 570

343

313 343 619 311 570 311 459

303

439

459 320,321 570 570 45 52 437 159

338

Corn (US) Corn mint Cornell flower Coromandel gooseberry Corossol Cosr'netlc bark tree Costus (Arabian c.) Cotton tree Country aconite Country a1mond Country borage Country gooseberry Country mallow Cowitch Cowpea Crab graas Crab's eyes Crape ginger Crape myrtle Creeper (Mexican c.) Creeping fig Creas (Brown c.) Creas (Garden c.) Crinum liIy Crocodile's tongue Crookneck Croton (Garden c.) Cryptomeria Cubeb pepper Cubeba Cubebs (Guinea c.) Cucumber Cucumber (Acute angled c.) Cucumber (Bitter c.) Cucumber tree Cujete Culilaban Culilawan bark plant Cumin (Sweet c.) Cum(m)in Cuphea Curcuma Currant tree (Black c. t.) Cushaw Custard apple Cut paper Cycas Cypress Cypress (Common c.) Cypreas (Funeral c.) Cypress (ltalian c.) Cypress (Mediterranean c.)

563

370

689

524 44

628

231

432

414

222

376

307

431

330

345 549 311 231 424 570

480

170 167 412 20 239,240 291 676 537 537

540

238 241 243

523

151

385 385

62 54 422 707 285 239 44,45,46 473 252,253 247 248 246 248 248

D

Dadaptree Dahlia Daisies Daisy (Christmas d.) Dammar (Borneo d.) Dammar pine (White d.p.) Damson tree Dandelion Dasheen

561 561

563

561

320,321 135 127 127 276 97 597 143 85

English Index

121

Date (Indlan d.) Date palm Datura (Hlndu d.) Dayjasmine Duzle Decan hemp December tree Delebpalm Dellma Dempoollelet Derris Desert rose Devll'sleaf Dharb Dhurra Dili Dillenia Diplazium Dipterocarpus Dishcloth gourd Djambe sinagar Djoonti Dodol Dog's tall graas Dookoo Dracaena Dragon calamus Dragon cane Dragon plant Dragon's blood Dragon's eye Dropwater Dropwort Duckweed (Tropical d.) Duffin bean Duhat Duku Dumb cane Durian Durien Durion Dutch pepper Dwarf banana Dwarf poinciana Dwarf wlld cherry tree Dyer's oak Dyer's safflower

201 117

658 656 295 433

320,321 102

582 299

319

64 683 559

561 57,61 256 574,575

265

241

99 256

219 549 449 13 110 110 13 110

630

Eddoe Edlble canna Edible snake gourd Eggplant Egyptlan bean Egyptlan lotus Elastio-gum fig tree EIder (Java e.) Eider (Yellow e.) Bephant grass Bephant's ear Elephant-foot yam Beuslne (Japanese e.) Elk's horn fern Endive Equestrlan star Erima Escarole European plum tree Evergreen (Chinese e.) Everlasting flower Exile 011 tree Eye·pity

85 245 515 478 207 155

556

203

665 327

85, 150 577 131 415

255

80 550

131 597 77

30

75

89

F

False galangale Falsejalap False jequirity False pepper Fan palm Fancyyam Female balsamine Fennel Fennel (Sweetf.) Fern asparagus Fern palm Fern-ally Field bean Fig (Butard 1.) Fig (Chinese 1.) Fig (Indian 1.) Fig tree (Elastic-gum f. t.) Fig tree (Sacred f. t.) Fiji chestnut Fiji yam Flnger millet Finger tree Fir moss Fire li/y Fire weed Fire-burn-Ieaf Fishtall palm Fitweed Flag (Sweet 1.) Flamboyant Flame of the forest Flame of the wood Flame tree Flamingo plant Fleabean (Marsh 1.) Florida velvet bean Flowering maple Flowering reed

699 513

59 59

89

332

499 449

86

494 107 259 147 57 57 410 252

648 340

459

158 158 158

539 489

190

483 279 183 478 481

326

596 348

129

262

550

E

Eagle flower Eaglewood (Malacca e.) Earth pea Easter flower East-Indian arrowroot East-Indian basll East-Indian galanggale East-Indian kaurl East-Indian oleander East-Indian rhübarb East-Indian rosewood Ebony (Macassar e.) Ebony (Mountain e.) Eclipta (Red e.)

148 679

343

421 415

296

658

295 675 373 720 97 71 571 318 277 188

686

105 56 76 195 154 610 195

82

636

141

330

431

204

122

Economie Plants of 1 ndonesia

Four o'clock plant Four-angled bean Fowl-foot grass Foxtail millet Fragrant champac Fragrant flower garlic Fragrant pandan Fragrant screw-pine Frangipani Frangipani (Red 1.) French bean French clover French guava French marigolds French physic nut Funeral cypress

513

336

549

560

427

405

525

525

73 74

333

30 192 142

303

246

G

Galangale Galangale (East-Indian g.) Galangale (False go) Galangale (Greater g.) Galangale (Round-rooted g.) Galappa palm Galinggale Gambier Gambir (Bangal g.) Gandaria Garbanzo (US) Garden asparagus Garden balsam Garden bun Garden beet Garden cress Garden croton Garden pea Garden poppy Garden strawberry Garden turnip Gardenia Garland flowers Garlic Garlic (Fragrant f10wer g.) Gatae Gatapa Gaultheria Gebang palm Gebangan kipok Gelangan kumus Geranium (Jungle g.) Gerunggang Gherkins Giant alocasia Giant arum Giant bamboo Giant granadilla Giant milk weed Gingelly Ginger Ginger (Broad-Ieaved go) Ginger (Wild g.) Ginger (Zerumbet g.) Ginger-grass

720 720

699 699

721

99 699

615 615

33

316

409

147

333,340

212 167 291

334

527 591 165

609

718 407 405 514 437

280

107

63

272 610 216 238 78 81 547 531 122 532 725 728 728 728

546

Ginseng Girgilie oil plant Gladiole Globe amaranth Glorybower Glorylily Glorytree Gloxinia Glutinous rlca Gnetum Goaalmond Goabean Goa potato Goayam Goat pepper Gogopoa Gold mohur tree Golden apple Golden beetle tr.. Golden gram Golden rod Golden trumpet Gombo Gomuti palm Goober Good-Iuck bean Good-Iuck plant Goosegrass Gooseberry (American g.) Gooseberry (Barbados g.) Gooseberry (Coromandel g.) Gooseberry (Country g.) Gooseberry (Malabar g.) Gooseberry (Malay g.) Gooseberry (Otaheite g.) Gooseberry (Surinam g.) Goose-foot (Sea g.) Gourd (Bitter g.) Gourd (White g.) Gram (Bangal g.) Gram (Black g.) Gram (Common g.) Gram (Golden ~.) Gram (Green go Gram (Horse g.) Gram (Red g.) Granadilla Granadilla (Giant g.) Granadilla (Purple go) Granadilla real Grape fruit Grape vine (Common g. v.) Great hog plum Great millet Great torch thistle Greater galangal(e) Greater plantain Greateryam Green gram Green peppers Grenadilla Greymango Groundnut Groundnut (Bambara go-)

92

532 368

30

689

414 687,688

358 553

359 32

336

259

259 655 253

190 42 465 342 121 65 428 101 312 75 12 549 184,446 184 524 307 446 307 307 184 213 243 235 316 341 316 342 342 329,345 313 529 531 529 531

620

697 41 561

1n

699

541 257 342

654

531 38 312

343

English Index

123

Guanabana Guava Guava (Common go) Guava (French go) Guava berry Guelder rose Guger tree Burma go t.) Guineacorn Guinea cubebs Guinea grass Guinea peppers Guisquil Gumbo Gum-Iac tree Gun-powder plant Gurjun oil tree Gutta tree Gutta-percha tree Gutta-percha tree (Malay go t.)

44 5JJ7 5JJ7 192 5JJ1

365

Hydrocotyle (Indian ho)

58

678 561

540 554

654

244 428 637

685

265

645 643 643

H

Hairy thorn apple Hammerwort Hara nut tree Hard cherry tree Haricot Haschich Hausa potato Headed cabbage Heart cherry tree Heart of Jesus Hemp Hemp (Chinese ho) Hemp (Decan ho) Hemp (Indian ho) Hemp (Manilla ho) Hemp (Nettie ho) Henna bush Henna shrub Hevi Hibiscus Hibiscus (Sea ho) Hilo grass Hindu datura Hoary basil Hog plum Hog plum (Great ho po) Holy basil Honduras mahogany Hondurena Honewort Honey plant Honeysuckle (American ho) Honeysuckle (Chinese ho) Hoop pine Horse banana Horse bean Horse gram Horse mango Horseradish tree Humble plant Hyacinth bean Hydrangea

658 656

224 595

333

202

3n

164 595 83

202 680 433

202 492

682

425 425 41 436 437

555

658 374 42,43 41 371,373 452 452 53 123 281 221

98

490 314 329,345

38 484

Ilang-ilang Imperata Indian almond Indian banyan Indian beech Indian bloodwood Indian borage Indian cherry tree Indian coral tree Indian corn Indian date Indian fig Indian hemp Indian hydrocotyle Indian kale Indian liIac Indian Iiquorice Indian madder Indian mallow Indian mango tree Indian milkhedge plant Indian mourner Indian mulberry Indian mustard Indian nettle Indian oak Indian pennywort Indian rhododendron Indian rubber-tree Indian sandalwood Indian shot Indian sorrel Indian spinach Indian trumpet f10wer Indigo (Climbing i.) Indigo plant Indonesian kapur Indonesian keruing Indo-China pine Inga (Sweet io) Ingoo Ipecac (Wild i.) Ipecacuanha Ipecacuan(ha) (Bastard io) Ipil Ipu Iresine Irish potato (US) Ironwood (Borneo i.) Ironwood (Moluccan i.) Italian cypress Italian millet Ivi Ivory nut palms Ixora

47 551

222

475

335

423 376 320,321 563 201 183 202 58 91 447 311 614 431,439

68 296 520

353

612 166

282

401 51 478 337,629 149 153 124 325 266 265

533 465

204 435

446

454 121

306

121 197

467

31

667

391 197 248

560

41 114 610,611

462 327

365

J

Jacaranda Jack bean

152 314

124

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Jackfrult tree Jalap (False j.) Jamalca mountain sage Jamaica pepper Jamaica plum Jamaican sorrel Jambolan Jambos Jambosa Japanese bunching Japanese cedar Japanese cherry tree Japanese eleusine Japanese keg fig Japanese medlar Japanese persimmon Japanese plum Japanese sapan wood Jarool Jasmine (Arabian j.) Jasmine (Bastard j.) Jasmine (Cape j.) Jasmine (Day j.) Jasmine (Orange j.) Jasmine (White fI. Indlan j.) Jasmine (Wild j.) Jasmine mango Jati Javaalmond Java cardamon Javacedar Java chestnut tree Java eider Java jute Java kapok tree Javaplum Java tea Javanese long pepper Javanese palissander Jelutong Jequirity Jequirity (Falsa j.) Jering tree Jerusalem corn Jewplum Jew'sapple Jew's ears Jew·bush Jicaro Jimbling Jimgan .Iobo Job's tears Jongkong Jowar Juda's ear Jujube (Chinesa j.) Jujube (Common j.) Jumbie bead Jumpybean Jungle geranium Juniper (Chinese j.) Jute (Congo j.) Jute (Java j.)

470 513 692 537 42

435

Jute (White j.) Jute plant

680 680

K

Kabuyao Kachang hijau Kadam Kadjatoa Kadongan Kakara bean Kaki Kalamondin Kale Kale (lndlan k.) Kale (West-Indlan k.) Kalumpang 011 tree Kamerer Kandis Kapok tree (Java k. 1.) Karamanga Karas Karet tree Karmal Karukanda Kasaï Kashmal Katuk Kauri (Borneo k.) Kauri (East.lndlan k.) Kechapi Keg fig of Japan Kempas Kenaf Keroowing Keruing (Indoneslan k.) Khirni Khus Khuskhus Kidney bean Kidney-rooted yam King orange Kinstal Kiraj Klue tanl Knight's star (liIy) Knowles Koolim Kooroo Kopsia (Pink k.) Korakan Korean grass Krabak Kulim Kulit lawang Kumquat Kumquat (Maruml k.) Kumrak Kunro bark tree Kurrung 011 plant Kurwini mango Kussam lac tree Kust root Kwlla

499 502

509 404

621 342

603

112 33 279 625 85 91 85 671 497

220

676

353 550

332

279

590

279

590

191 423 519

656 608,609 656

157 524

679

628 519 611 74 695 175 703

290 346

478 524

260 635

207

433

310 97 97 451 279 198

433 265 265 640 559 562 333 262

36

157 499 375 539 318 69 311 459

460

626

405

561 41

665

114

146

306

415 165 518

454

486

151 307 42

544

70

550

564

36

444

263 518

385

561 146 585

585

622 622 524

589

311 461 610 249

439

335

40

433

637 231 197 125

English Index

Kwlni

40

L

Lablab Lack tree Lady's fingers Lalang Lamuta Langsat Langwas Lansane Lantana Lanzon Laran tree Large leaved mahonia Large rose apple Large taro Laurel Laurel (A1exandrian 1.) Laurel (Bay 1.) Laurel (Bombay 1.) Laurel (Chinese 1.) Laurel (Variegated 1.) Laurel c10ckvine Lead tree Leadwort Leaf cinnamon (Malabar 1. c.) Leaf-flowering cactus Leek Lemasa Lemon grass Lemon tree Lentil Leopard liIy Lesser (asiatic) yam Lettuce Uberica coffee Ufe plant Ulac (Indian 1.) Uly (African 1.) Uly (Arum 1.) Uly (B1ackberry 1.) Uly (Climbing 1.) Uly (Fire 1.) Uly (Wild IJ Umabean Ume Ume (Ac:id 1.) Ume (Sour 1.) Ume (Wild 1.) Umpaga Uon'stooth Uquidambar Uquorice (Common 1.) Uquorice (tndian 1.) Utchi Uusin Uzard's tail pepper Lobster flower Loki Long pepper (Javanese 1. p.) Long turmeric Long zedoaria

327 637 428 551 194 449

699

449 692 449

603 452

502 78 392 215 72 291 291 9 461 542

386

284

Longan Lontar Loofah (Angled 1.) Loofah (Smooth 1.) Looklng-glass tree Loquat Lotus Lotus (Egyptian 1.) Lotus (Pink 1.) Lotus (sacred 1.) Love in a mist Lovers'chain Lovi-lovi Luckynut Luffa fibre Lychee Lygodium

630

102 241 242

669

510 515 510 510

530

590

570

350

75 242

647

632

M

Mabola Mabolo Macassar ebony Mad apple Madagascar bean Madder (Bengal m.) Madder (Indian m.) Madre de cacao Maguey Mahoe (Bombast m.) Mahoe (Seaside m.) Mahogany (Caoba m.) Mahogany (Common m.) Mahogany (Honduras m.) Mahogany (Mexlcan m.) Mahogany (San Domingo m.) Mahogany (Tabosa m.) Mahonia (Large leaved m.) Maidenhair fern Maidens blush Maize Majagua Majongga Malabar gooseberry Malabar leaf cinnamon Malabar nightshade Malabar spurge Malacca eaglewood Malacca teak Malas Malayappte Malay gooseberry Malay gutta-percha tree Malay lack tree Malaysian benzoin Mallow (Country m.) Mallow (Indian m.) Mallow (Indian m.) Mallow (Marsh m.) Mallow (yellow m.) Mallow rose Manau rattan Mandarine (orange) Mandioca

278 278

277

665 332

614 614

322

178, 179 471

406

10 159 437

453 453

545,546 623

328 15

259

452 453 452 572 243 437 256

563

140 f1J7 232,233 447 412,413

82

452 453

414 415 411 332 618 618 618 621 143 361 324 311 632 214

540

454

366

446 386

149

296 679

197

352

502 307

643

637 674 431 431

439 430

295 675

539

431

430

707 713

104 626

304

126

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Mangis Mangotree Mango (Grey m.) Mango (Horse m.) Mango (Indian m.) Mangostan Mangosteen Mangosteen tree (Wild m.t.) Mangrove Mangrove (Asiatic m.) Mangrove (Black m.) Mangrove (Milky m.) Manicoba tree Manila hemp Manila padaul< Manila tamarind Manioc Maple (Rowering m.) Maratitige Marbau Mareme Margosa tree Marigold (BloOO m.) Marigolds (African m.) Marigolds (French m.) Marijuana Marsh fleabean Marsh mallow Marsh parsley Martaban camphor tree Marumi kumquat Marvel of Peru Massoy Mata vine Mauritius raspberry Muanille bobo Muzard cherry tree Meceagalls Medicinal rhubarb Medinilla Mediterranean cypress Medlar (Japanese m.) Medlar (West-Indian m.) Megan Melon Melon tree Melongene Meloor Menggeris Mengkaras Mengkulang Meranti Merawan Merkus pine Mersawa Merubong Mesua (Black m.) Metel Mexican creeper Mexican mahogany Milk bush Milk gowan Milk weed (Giant m. w.) Milkhedge plant (Indlan)

219 39

38 38

219 219

451 586,587 588,589 589 2!1T 305

68

Milkwort (Ancient m.) Milky mangrove Millet (African m.) Millet (Barnyard m.) Millet (Coix m.) Millet (Finger m.) Millet (Foxtail m.) Millet (Great m.) Millet (ltalian m.) Mindoro pine Mirabow Mock saffron

Modecca

293

297 550 548

544

550 560 561 560

533

197

129 528

492

337 465

304

431 125 197

299

447

145 142 142

202

141

430

49

387

622

513

389 689 602 294

595

348

571

445

248 590 642 635

237

208

665

566

198

679 669 274 269

533

263 444

216

658

570 452

296

143

122

Moluccan ironwoOO Mombin (Yellow m.) Momordica (Bitter m.) Monavist Moneywort yam Monkeycup Monkey jack Monkeynut Monkey's dinner bell Monk's basil Monstera Moon f10wer Morel berry Morello cherry tree Moreton bay pine Moringa tree Morning glory (Seaside m. g.) Moss·fern Moss-verbena Mountain apple Mountain ebony Mountain rose Mourner (Indian m.) Mouse deer's fern Msinzi Mudar Mui Mulberry (Black m.) Mulberry (Indlan m.) Mulberry (Paper m.) Mulberry (White m.) Mundu Mung bean Musk lime Muskmallow Musk melon Muskygourd Musky pumpkin Mussaenda Mussambe Mustard (Bastard m.) Mustard (Chinese m.) Mustard (Indian m.) Mustard (Sarepta m.) Myrabolam (Chebulic m.) Myroboland (Black m.) Myrobolan (d) Myrtle (Chinese m.) Myrtle flag

197 42 243

327 261

511 472 312

301

371 87 431 661

596 98

484 230

648 696 502 188

570

520

578

586

122

586 483

612 473

482

218

342

625

430

237,239

239

239 613

206 206

166 166 166

223

223 222

628 76

296

English Index

127

N

Nagami 622 Name de agua 257 Name papa 259 Nam-nam 194 Nangka tree 470 Napier grass 556 Nard graas 546 Narra 337 Naseberry 641 Natchnee 550 Needlewood 678 Neemtree 447 Neesberry 641 Nerium·leaved wax dammar 568 Nettie (Indian n.) 282 Nettie (Stingleas n.) 684,685 Nettie hemp 682 New·Guinea walnut 34 New-lealand splnach 17 Ngo shut 704 Nibung palm 116 Nicaraguan cocoa shade 322 Niggerheads 145 Night jasmine 520 Night syringa 656 Nightshade (Black n.) 662 Nightshade (Malabar n.) 149 Nimba 447 Nipa(h) palm 115 Nipple brinjal 664 Nitta tree 464 Nopal 181 Nordoo plant 443 Nosegay tree 73, 74 No-eyepea 313 Nut (Barbados n.) 302 Nutmeg tree 493 Nut-gjlll oak 348 Nux vomica tree 420 Nyatoh 639, 644, 646

Orangetree Orange (Chinese o.) Orange (King o.) Orange (Seville o.) Orange (Sour o.) Orange (Sweet o.) Orange jasmine Orchids Oriental arbor vit4le Oriental sesame Oroy Orpine Otahelte apple Otaheite chestnut Otaheite gooseberry Oto Ox heart Ox-eyedalsy

619

622 626

619 619 619 521 250 532

628

234 41

326

80

307 91

45

130

p

Pacifie walnut Padang caasia Padauk (Manilla p.) Pagoda tree Pakis radja Pakoo padak Pak-choi Palai Paldao Pale catechou Palissander (Javanese p.) Palmlily Palmyra palm Pampoong Pandan (Fragrant p.) Pangl Papawtree Papaya Paper bark tree Paper mulberry Paper reed Papyrus plant Para creas Para rubber Paradise flower Parkia Parsley Parsley (Marsh p.) Parsley (Wild p.) Passion fruit Patchouli . Patchuli Patchuly Patemoster tree Pawpaw Pea Pea (Congo p.) Pea (Coral p.) Pea (Garden p.) Pea flower Pea tree (Coral p. 1.) Pea tree (West-Indian p.t.) Peacock flower

34

382

337 73, 74 253 253 160

640

34 615 318 12 102

59 525 354 208 208 506

0

Oak Oak (Bull o.) Oak (Oyer's o.) Oak (Indian o.) Ochro Odollam tree Oilpalm Oil radish of China Okra Okshit Old maid's pink OIeander OIeander (East-Indian o.) Oleander (Sweet scented o.) Oleander (Yellowo.) One day flower Onion Opium poppy Opopanax tree

473 254 254 125

300 464

349

209 348

190 60 49

59

401 428

111 171 428 617 145 72 71 71 75

226 403

68

529 379 379 379 450

208 334

313 311

334

527 458

315 459

338

190, 195

128

Economie Plants of 1 ndonesia

Peanut (US) Pear (Alligator p.) Peartree Peepul tree Peiperandal Pennywort (Asiatic p.) Pennywort (Indian p.) Peperomla Pepper (Black p.) Pepper (Cayenne p.) Pepper (Dutch p.) Pepper (False p.) Pepper (Goat p.) Pepper (Jamaica p.) Pepper (Uzard's tail p.) Pepper (White p.) Pepper grasa Peppervine Peppers (Green p.) Peppera (Guinea p.) Peppera (Red p.) Peppers (Sweet p.) Pepperwort Percufine flower Periwinkle Persian liIac Persimmon (Japanese p.) Petsai Philodendron Physic nut Pia Piasaba Piasava Pichichio Pigeon pea Pinang calapa Pinang palm Pine (Australian p.) Pine (Celery-Ieaved p.) Pine (Colonial p.) Pineapple Pink kopsia Pink lotus Pink vine Piopo Pipal-tree (Sacred p.) Pirazha Pisang bau Pisang jackl Pisonia Pitanga Pitcher plants Plantain Plantain (Bastard p.) Plantain (Greater p.) PllI,te brush Plum (Batako p.) Plum (Black p.) Plum (Jamaica p.) Plum (Japanese p.) Plum (Java p.) Plum of Martinique Plum tree Plum tree (European p. 1.)

312

398 598

481

260

58 51

535 538

655

494

539

655

537

540 538

167

538 654 654 654 654 443

1 67 450 279 160

88

302,303 675 105 105 313 99 100

209 664

567

98

173 70 510 570 59 481 125

486 485

Podocarp Poinciana (Royal p.) Poinciana (Dwarf p.) Poinsettia Poison briar Poison bulb (Asiatic p.) Polynesian chestnut Pomegranate (Common p.) Pomelo Pomerac Pongam Poole Poon (Bastard p.) Poppy Porcupine orange Potato Potato (Air p.) Potato (Carolina p.) Potato (Goa p.) Potato (Hausa p.) Potato (Spanish p.) Potato bean Potato yam Preserving melon (Chin. p.m.) Pretty by night Prickly apple Prickly calalu(e) Prickly grass Prickly pear Pride of Burma Pride of India Primrose malanga Prolific spinach Prune tree Puatea Pulasan Pummelo Pumpkin (Ash p.) Punk tree Purging nut Purple arrowroot Purple granadilla Purple yam Purslane (Common p.) Purslane (Sea p.) Purslane (Seaside p.) Pursley Putat lemik Pyinma

569

195 190 295 651 411

326 582 620

502

335 66

671 527 621

667

258

229

259

377 331 258,259 235 513

46 229

25

548

183 186 450 91 17 597 514

634

620 235

506 203

302

529 257 581 16 16 581 401 423

514

503

511 490

362

Q

Quailgrass Quassia Quassia (Surinam q.) Queen Victoria's water Illy Queensland arrowroot Queensland raspberry Queen 's jewels Queen's wreath Quince (Bengal q.) Quinine tree

27

650 650

541 499 42 590 499 350 597 597

666 350

516

203

602 570 570 617

604

English Index

129

R

Rabbitmeat Radish (Chinese r.) Radish (Common r.) Raffiapalm Rafflesia Ragee Ragi Rain tree Rambai Rambi Rambosteen Rambutan Ramie (grass) Ramin Ramtulsi Rangoon creeper Rape Rasamala Raspberry (Mauritius r.) Raspberry (Queensland r.) Rattan (Cultivated r.) Rattan (sp.) Real citron tree Red bottle brush Red cedar Red eclipta Red frangipani Red gram Red nosegay tree Red pagoda tree Red peppers Red sandal·wood Red sorrel Redwood (Andaman r.) Reed (Aowering r.) Reed (Paper r.) Reed (Thorny r.) Rengas Resak Rheagrass Rhododendron Rhododendron (Indian r.) Rhododendron (Singapore r.) Rhubarb (Chinese r.) Rhubarb (East-Indian r.) Rhubarb (Medicinal r.) Rice Rice bean Richweed Ridged gourd Ringworm senna Ripple grass Roasting coco Robusta coffee Rod (Golden r.) Rosary pea Rose Rose (Mountain r.) Rose apple Rose apple (Large r. a.) Rose apple (Semarang r. a.) Rose apple N'/atery r.a.)

21 171 172 118

583

550 550 466 288,289 289 633 633 682

373 221 162 361 602 602 103 109 624 495

290

360

Rose bay Rosedammar Rosemallow Roselle Rosetta rosewood Rosewood (Bombay r.) Rosewood (Brazllian r.) Rçlsewood (East-Indian r.) Rosewood (Rosetta r.) Rosewood (Southern India r.) Round cardamon Round turmeric Round yam Round zedoarla Round-rooted galangale Royal basll Royal palm Royal poinclana Royal waterlily Rozelle Rubbertree Rubber tree (Ceara r. t.) Rubber·tree (Indian r.) Rukam Rumphius's sago palm Rutabaga

72 276

436 435

318 318 152 318 318 318 702 707

80

713 721 372 119 195 516

435 300 305

478 351 114 161

686

74 313 74 74

654

S

Sacking tree Sàcred basil Sacred bodh-tree Sacred fig tree Sacred lotus Sacred pipal-tree Safflower Safflower (Oyer's s.) Saffron (African s.) Saffron (American s.) Saffron (Bastard s.) Saffron (Mock s.) Sage (Jamaica mountain s.) Sage (Scarlet s.) Sago palm Sagouier Sagu palm Saigon cinnamon Salak Salatoon Salsaparilla Saman Sambo Samphire San Domingo mahogany Sand spinach Sandal bead tree Sandalwood Sandalwood (Indian s.) Sandalwood (Red s.) Sandalwood (White s.) Sandoricum tree Sandwich Island creeper Sand-box tree Saninten

459

435

337 204

254

177 35 264,276

682

281 446 446 571 571 571 552

344 684,685

371 481 481 510 481 129 129 129 129 129 129 692

380

467

,

114 114 114

384

120

58

651

466 206

241 192 541 78

606

16 453 459 629 337,629 459 629 451 570 301

28

121 311

599

570 502

509

508

508

346

130

Economie Plants of Indonesla

Santol Sapodilla Sapota Sappan wood tr.. Sarepta mustard Sarsa Satinwood Scaly custard apple Scarlet African violet Scarlet palm Scarlet sage 8chefflers Screw-pine Sea bUte Sea goose-foot Sea hibiscus Sea purslane Sea screw-pine Sealing-wax palm Seaside mahoe Seaside mornlng glory Seaside purslane Selaginella Semarang rose apple Sempilor Sempoor Sensitive plant Sentul Seraya Serpent cucumber Sesame (Oriental s.) Sesban Seven golden candlestick Seville orange Shaddock Shaitan wood Shallot Shantung cabbage Sharewort (Stinking s.) Shoeflower ~hot (Indian s.) Shrubby basil Shrubby trumpet flower Sievabean Siglap grass Silk cotton tree (White s.c.t.) Silk-wood tree Simartolu Simpoh Simsim Singapore almond Singapore rhododendron Singkawa towel gourd Sintok Sirih Siriphal Sisal agave Sisal hemp Skyflower SUm amaranth SUpper plant Smooth loofah Snakecharm Snake climber

451 641 641 191

166 651 628 46 356

108

380 95 525,526

213 213

437

16 526 108 437

230

16

648

509

566

256

462

451 274 245

532 338,339

192 619

620 66

402

160

56

434 204

373 155

332

564

157

353

678 256

532

222 446

241

399

536

617

11

11 9,690 23

306

242 187 187

Snake gourd (Edible s. g.) Snakeweed Snake wood Snake's longue fern Soapberry tree 80gah bark tree Soongkai Soonhari Sorghum Sorgo Sorrel (Indian s.) Sorrel (Jamaican s.) Sorrel (Red s.) Sour cherry tree Sourgrass Sour lime Sour orange Soursop Soushumber Southern pea Sowerapple Sowersop Sowpea Soya bean Soybean (US) Spanish potato Spider flower Spiderwort Spikenard (West-Indian s.) Spikenard-ballota Spinach (Afrlcan s.) Spinach (Ceylon s.) Spinach (Indian s.) Spinach (N-Z s.) Spinach (Prolific s.) Spinach (Sand s.) Spiritweed Sponge tree Spurge (Malabar s.) Spurge (Triangular s.) Spurred butterfly pea Srag's horn fern St Thomas tree Star apple Star apple (West-Indian s.a.) Stingless nettle Stink malve Stinking sharewort Stinking wood Stone leek Stonecrop Strawberry (Garden s.) Strychnine tree Suakwa Succory Sugar apple Sugarcane Sugar palm Sukun Sumatra benzoin tree Sumatra pine Sunberry Sundri tree Sunflower

245

694

649 647

636 200

693

99

561 561

435 435 435

596

555

618 619

44 666 345 44 44 345

323

323

229 206 226

. 24 149 149 17 17 28

5 458 296

293

369 369

315 578

189

638 638

684,685

671

56

671

404 234 591 420

242 132

46

557

101 468 674 533 661 669 138

English Index

131

Sungkai Superb liIy Surinam cherry Surinam gooseberry Surinam quassia Swamp cabbage Swampoak Swamp potato Swamp tea tree Swan potato Swan root Swede Swedish turnip Sweet acacia Sweetbasil Sweetbay Sweet calamus Sweet cherry tree Sweet cinnamon Sweetcumin Sweet fennel Sweetflag Sweetinga Sweet orange Sweet peppers Sweet potato Sweet root Sweet scented oleander Sweetcup Sweetsop Sword bean Sword fern (Broad s. f.) Sword liIy Syringa (Yellow s.)

693

414

503

184

650 228 209

18

506

18 18 161 162

372 392 76 595

382

458

62 57 76 619

654 229 465

76 71

529

45.46 314 576

368 656

T

Table leaf Tabou mahogany Tacca Tahiti arrowroot Tahiti"c:hestnut Tail flower Taiwan beauty Tai Talawrinta Talipotpalm Tamarind plum Tamarind tree Tamarind (Manilia t.) Tamarind (Wild t.) Tanbark oak Tangerine orange Tanjung Tannia Tapa-cloth tree Tapioca Taro Taro (Large t.) Tassel flower Tea Tea (Java t.) Teakwood Teak (Malacca t.)

362 453 675 675

326 82

422 102

640

107 196 201 461 347

626

465

Teling potato Telo Telubun Tembaga Tembesu Temponek tree Ten-month yam Teraptree Thatch grau Thistle (Torch t.) Thorny amaranth Thorny reed Thuja (Chinese t.) Til Tlrucalll Tivoliyam Tobacco (Common t.) Togari wood Tomato (Common t.) Toon Torch thistle Tortora Touch me not Towel gourd Towel gourd (Singkawa t.g.) Traveller's palm Traveller's tree of Madagascar Tree fern Tree galanga Tree lettuce Tree-of-Kings Tree of sadnesa Tree seeded mercury Treetomato Triangular spurge Tropical a1mond Tropical duckweed True bay TNe cinnamon tree True coffee plant True custard appte Trumpet flower (Indlan t. f.) Trumpet flower (Shrubby t. f.) Trumpet gourd Trumpet vine (Blue t. v.) Tuba root Tuberose Tulip tree (African t. t.) Turmeric Turnip Turnip (Swedish t.) Twelve o'clock flower Tyle berry

80

657

550

122 418 472 257

469 559

176 25 177 250

296

532

261

660

612

659

176, 177

303

454

148 242 241 673 673 251 387 514 12 520

282

657

293 222 89

392

388 605 45

153 155 240 9 319 416 154 707 165 162 431

303

642 91 473

79,85

304

U

Umbrella tree Upas poison tree Urd bean

78 137 677 375

695

450 467

341

V

Vanilla Variegated laurel

197

522 291

132

Economie Plants of Indonesla

Vegetable humming Vegetable marrow Vegetal sponge Velyet bean (Aorida Y. b.) Velyet f10wer Velyelleaf (yellow y.) Vervain Vervain (Bastard y.) Veta kola Vetiver Vine spinach Violet (African y.) Virginian spiderwort Vomicnul Vriadhatulasi

338

239

242

330

142 417

696

694

241

562

149 357 420 373

226

W

Wajoo Walnut (New-Guinea w.) Wandering jew Waringin Waterapple Water archer Water bush Waler cloYèr Water conyolyulus Water cress Watergum Water hyacinth Water kerse Water lettuce Water Iily Water liIy of the Amazon Water melon Water melon (Wild w.m.) Water nymph Waler pest Water shamrock Water spinach Wateryam Watery rose apple Wax dammar(a) Wax flower Wax flower climber Wax gourd Wax plant Wayaka plant Waybread Weeping fig Weeyil plant Welsh onion West-Indian arrowroot West-Indian corkwood West-Indian kale West-Indian medlar West-Indian pea tree West-Indian sour grass West-Indian spikenard West-Indian star apple White clockvine White dammar pine White flowering Indian jasmine White gourd

670

34 227 479

508

18 317

443 228

170 495

580

170 89

18.515 516 236

530

515

580

443 228

White jute White mulberry White nosegay tree White pepper White poppy White sandalwood White silk cotton tree White spot giant arum Whiteyam Whitecheese wood Wild balsam Wild blite Wild breadfruit tree Wild cinnamon Wild glnger Wild lpecac Wild jasmine Wild liIy Wild lime Wild mangosteen tree Wild parsley Wild tamarind Wild water melon Wildyam Willow fig tree Wimbi Winged bean Wingedyam Winter squash Wintergreen (Aromatic w.) Wire grass Witloof Wi-apple Wodiertree Wokapalm Wolfs claw Woody sea bean Wood-oil tree Wuda

680

482

73

538

5Z7

629

157

80

257

66

148 24

469

386

728 121 611 411 621 451 59 461

530

260

479

550

336

257

239

280

549 132 41 36 113 421

335

265

36

257

508 568

V

Yakal shorea Yam (Aerial y.) Yam (Barbados y.) Yam (Buck y.) Yam (Chinese y.) Yam (Elephant-foot y.) Yam (Fancy y.) Yam (Fiji y.) Yam (Goa y.) Yam (Greater y.) Yam (Kidney-rooted y.) Yam (Lasser asiatic y.) Yam (Potato y.) Yam (Purple y.) Yam (Round y.) Yam (Tiyoli y.) Yam (White y.) Yam (Wild y.) Yam bean Yard grass Yard·long bean Yautia

270

258

18 123 235 123 331 541 479 413

404

257

262

259

80

259

262

442 159

85

259 257 262 258,259 257

80

259

642

338 555

369

638

261 257

260

9 97 519 235

33t 549 345 91

English Index

133

Yoci Yellowbells Yellowelder Yellowflame Yellowmallow Yellow mombin Yellowoleander Yellow syringa Yellow velvetleaf Yellowheart (Burma y.) Yercum fibre Y1ang·y1ang Yuca

11 155 155 200 431 42 75

656

Yuca clmarrona Yute

303 680

Z

Zedoarla Zedoary Zerumbet ginger Zinbyun Zinnia ZUmbictree

417 418 122 47

713 713 728 256 145 459

304

134

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Indonesian Index

Indeks Indonesia

Index Indonésien

A

Abaka (1) Abrlkoa (1) Acerean (S) Acung (S) Adang-adang (1) Adaa (1) Adaa (J) Adaa (S) Adaa landl (J) Adaa londo (J) Adaa mania (1) Ad&a pedaa (1) Adaa aowa (S) Adaa-adaaan (J) Adhaa (1) Adhaa cina (1) Adhaa mania (1) Adpokat (1) Advocat (1) Agal (1) Agatla (1) Agel (1) AJ ala (1) Ajeran (S) Akar berenaa (1) Akar binaaa (1) Akar jenu (1) Akar kecembang (1) Akar kecubung air (1) Akar kelimpar (1) Akar kemenyan (1) Akar ki cabe (S) Akar kupor (1) Akar IIdah (1) Akar naal (1) Akar parai (1) Akar patut tuau (1) Akar saut (1) Akar setebal (1) Akar tuba (1) Akar ulan (1) Akar wang! (l, S) Akaaia (l, S) AJamanda(h) (l, S) AJang-alang (l, J) AJia (1) AJim (1) AJpokat (1. J) AJpukat (S) AJpuket (S) AJur (J) AJur-alur (1) Amandel (1) Amara (1) Ambetan (J) Ambulung (J) Amp(e)laa (1) Ampulut-pulut (1) Ampupu (1) Anapur air (1) Andalaa (1) Andawall (S)

492

594

376 81 378 57 57,61 61 57 57 61 57

ûl 30

57 61 61

398 398

107 97 107 497 376 355 542 319 494 355 494 261 355 601 123

685 409

9

528

123.355 319 9 545,562 457

65

551 725 167

398 398 398

2n

213 213 593 158 114 474

439

496

n

483

456

Andem (J) Andepl (1) Andewl (l, J, S) Ande-ande (J) Andong (1) Andong-andong (J) Anggrek (l, JJ Anggrek paneli (J) Anggur (l, J, S) Angkrek (S) Angkrek bako (S) Angkrek paneli (S) Angkrik (J) Angsana (l, J, S) Angsanau (1) Angurl (1) Anjing-anjing (1) Anjuang (1) Antanan beurit (S) Antanan biasa (S) Antanan gede (S) Antanan gunung (S) Antanan kawat (S) Antanan lembut (S) Antanan leutik (S) Antanan rambat (S) Antawali (J, S) Antehai (S) Antok (J) Apel (l, S) Apel jawa (l, S) Apel Malang (l, S) Apiun (1) Api-api (1) Apokat (1) Apon-apon (J) Aprika (S) Apuket (S) Apu-apu (1) Arairut (1) Ararut (1) Araucaria Auatrali (S) Araucaria biru (1) Arbai (1) Arbe (1) Arbeen (1) Arbei (1) Arbeien (1) Arben (S) Ardong (J) Areango (1) Aren (l, J) Arerut (1) Areuy babalingbingan (S) Areuy calingcing (S) Areuy kacembang (S) Areuy kamukuh Areuy ki aksara (S) Areuy ki kandellalaki (S) Areuy kupu-kupu (S) Areuy manjel (S) Areuy pasi (S) Areuy patuk manuk Areuy siwurungan (S)

58 131, 132 131, 132

285

12 12 521

522

697 521

522 522

442 337 337 431 194 12,13 58 51 51

63 63

58 58 51

456

668

569

592 597

598

527 281

398 89 594 398 89

442 442

591 591,602 591 591,602 591 591.602 721 76 101 442

528

98 98

528 494 537 123 123 187, 188 445

529

9 613

Indeks Indonesla

137

A/euy tllil (S) A/euy tuweuw (S) A/u (J) Aium dalu (J) A/us (J) Asalias gunung (1) AsaJias oyong (S) Asam (1) Asam bawang (1) Asam belanda (1) Asam cina (1) Asam jawa (1) Asam kandis (1) Asam keranJi (1) Asam kuang (1) Asam selong (1) Asem (J) Asem cina (J) Asem jawa (J) Asem londo (J) Aseum (S) Aseum cina (S) Asiwung raja mantri (S) Asparageus (S) Asparagus (1) Aster (1) Ati-ati (1) Awi (S) Awi bitung (S) Awi iwung (S)

187, 188 9

565

656

442 281 281 201 38 201 220 196

635 503

465 465

201 196 201 201

465 465

681 409,410 409,410 127 378

543

547 547

B

Babadotan (S) Babakoan (S) Babakoan laut (S) Babandotan (S) Babasaran (S) Babawangan beureum (S) Babayeman (S) Babing (J) Bacang (1) Bacurongi (1) Badaba (S) Badam (l, S) Badam-badam (S) Badul (J) Badur (J) Bagal tikus (J) Bageug (S) Bagu (J) Baiduri (1) Bajetah (S) Bakau (S) Bakau akik (1) Bakau akit (1) Bakau hitam (1) Bakau jangkar (1) Bakau korap (1) Bakau merah (1) Bakau minyak (1) Bakau putih (1) Bakawali (1) Bakcai (J)

126 122 588 126 473,482 367

294

310 38 59 573

593

594

81 81 627 417

359

627

122

588 588

588 589 589 589 589 588 588

179 160

Bakik (1) Bakll (1) Bako (l, J, S) Bako (J) Bakung (l, J, S) Balakatoa (~) Balam (1) Balam abang (1) Balam beringin (1) Balam bunga tanjung (1) Balam merah (1) Balam sondai (1) Balam tembaga (1) Balanceng (1) Balang (J) Balau (1) Baligo (l, J, S) Baligu (1) Balikadap(1) Balimbing (J) Balingbing (S) Ballngbing amis (S) Balingbing gede (S) Balsa (1) Balsem (S) Balungan (J) Baluntas (S) Barna (J) Bambu (1) Bambu betung (1) Bambu rebung (1) Bambung (S) Banci (J) Banclleer (S) Bandira (J) Bandotan (l, J) Bangang (1) Bangkirai (l, S) BangkOn~ (J) Bangku (1 Bangkuang (1) Bangkuwang (S) Banglai (1) Banglai hantu (1) Bangle (1) Bangle hantu (1) Bangun-bangun (1) Banyan (1) Barantas (S) Baroko (S) Baros (J) Baru (1) Baru lau (1) Barune (S) Basinan (J) Bataka (S) Bataruwa (J) Bati (1) Batu bagelang (1) Bawal (1) Bawang (J) Bawang acar (l, S) Bawang bakung (S) Bawang Bali (S)

536

469 660

588,589 411,412 724 639, 644, 646 643

645

645

643

645

643

86

670 268,273 613

523 523

235 235

524 524 159 159

685

141 542

543

547 547 59

29 29

476 126 272

335

395

70.639,644,646 331 331 727 726 727 726 376 475 141 27 217,218 436,437 431

284

369

720 349

260

352 256 38,407 402

404 405

138

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Bawang benggala (1) Bawang besar (1) Bawang beureum (S) Bawang bodas (S) Bawang Bombay (l, S) Bawang brojol (J) Bawang cina (S) Bawang daun (1) Bawang ganda (S) Bawang hutan (1) Bawang kapal (1) Bawang kucaJ (l, S) Bawang langklo ~) Bawang merah (1 Bawang oncang (J) Bawang parai (S) Bawang pere (l, S) Bawang pire (S) Bawang pre (J) Bawang prel (1) Bawang putih (1) Bawang sabrang (l, S) Bawang sayuran (J) Bawang semprong (1) Bawang siyem (S) Bawang sap (l, S) Bayaduri (1) Bayarn besar (1) Bayam duhur (1) Bayarn dur! (1) Bayarn ekor belanda (1) Bayarn gelatik (1) Bayam hutan (1) Bayam ItIk (1) Bayam kakap (1) Bayarn merah (1) Bayam monyet (1) Bayam pasir (1) Bayam pohon (1) Bayarn putih (1) Bayam selasih (1) Bayawas (J) Bayem abang (J) Bayem abrit (J) Bayem beureum (S) Bayem blludu (S) Bayem bodas (S) Bayem cenggeng (J) Bayem cucuk (S) Bayem dempo (J) Bayem erl (J) Bayem hayam (S) Bayem Itlk (J) Bayem kakap (J) Bayem keyong (J) Bayem kremah (J) Bayem lemah (J) Bayem lemah (S) Bayem menlr (J) Bayem pasir (S) Bayem raja (J) Bayem ringgit (J) Bayem salasl (S) Bayem sapi (J)

404 403

402 407 411

403 404 404

405

518 367

405 408

402

404

406 406 406 406 406

407 367

406

404

367

404

25

29 29

25 27 26

25

24 26 21,26,31 24 28 22,24 23 507 23,26 26 21 27 24 27

25

29

24

25

24 24 26 23 22 24,26 24 24 28 25 26 23 24

Bayem sekul (J) Bayem siti (J~ Bayem tai sapl (S) Bayem tanah (S) Bayeman (J) Bayur (l, S) Bea-bea (S) Bebesaran (1) Beclci (J) Bedaru (1) Bedur (J) Begonia (1) Belangeran (1) Belangiran (1) Belendung (S) Belewa(h) (1) Belian (1) Beligo (1) Beligu (1) Belimbing (l, J) Belimbing alas (J) Belimbing asam (1) Bellmbing batu (1) Belimbing belanda (1) Belimbing besi (1) Belimbing buluh (1) Belimblng legl (J) Belimbing lenger (J) Belimbing mania (l, J) Bellmblng sayur (1) Belimbing wana (J) Belimbing wuluh (J) Belinjo (1) Beluntas (1) Belustru (1) Bembem ~S) Bencoy (S Benculuk (J) Benda kebo (J) Benda ketan (J) Benda (l, J, S) Bengberetean (S) Bengkok (J) Bengkuang (1) Bengkudu (1) Bengkuwang (J) Bengle (J) Bengok (J) Benguk (l, J, S) Bentis (J) Bentul (l, J, S) Benuang (1) Berambang (1) Berangan dangkal (1) Berangan duri (1) Berangan gajah (1) Berangan haji (1) Beras·beras (1) Berek (J) Bereng (J) Berenuk (S) Berete (J) Beridin (1) Berlngin (1)

26 26 24 24

282

670 18 473,482

485 630

413 150 270

270

321 237,531 391

235 235

523 524

523 523

503

524 524 524 524 524

523

523

523 359

141 242 40

289

188

469 469 469 580

600,602 331 612 331 727 417

330

612 91

255 402

346 346 346 346 284

417

486

151 601 105 479

Indeks Indonesla

139

Beringin (J) Beringin jantan (1) Berokan (J) Bertam (l, S) Beru(w)as (1) Besaran (l, J) Besto (J) Bestru (J) Besusu (J) Betik (1) Biawas (1) Bia-bia (1) Bidani (l, S) Bidara (1. S) Bidara cina (1) Bidara gunung (1) Bidara laut (l, S) Bidara pait (1) Bidara putih (1) Biduri (l, S) Bijan (1) Bijanggut (S) Biji kelewek (S) Bijitan (S) Bila(k) (1) Bilimbing amis (S) Biluluk (1) Binalu api (1) Binglo putih (1) Binglu (S) Binjai (1) Bintan (1) Bintangur (1) Bintaos laut (S) Bintaro (1. J, S) Binuang (l, S) Bira air (1) Bira(h) (l, S) Bira-bira (1) Bisbul (l, S) Bit (l, J, S) Biture (1) Bitung (S) Blabah (J) Blandotan (J) Blestru (J) B1ewah (l, J, S) Blewek (J) Bligo (J) Blumkol (l, S) B1ustru (1. J) Bluwak (J) Bluwek (J) Bobo (1) Boboan (J) Bobondelan (S) Bobontengan (S) Bobowan (J) Bodi (1) Bodin (J) Bogor (J) Boktel (S) Bolang (1) Bolang (S)

126 112 217 482 319 242 331 208 507 18,19 221

585

4n

645

419· 419,420 419.649 419 122 532 370

354

42O,~

449 617 524 101 4 37 37 37 215 297

68 68

255 78, 79 256 278 212

260

n

547 224

659

242 237 237 235 163 242 237 237 115

206

193

530 206

481

229,304 359

55 700 85

Boled (S) Boncis (1) Bongkol (1) Bongli (1) Bonteng (S) Borang (l, J). Boroce (1) Bortel (1) Bortol (1. J, S) Bougainvil (1) Brambang (l, J) Brambang abang (J) Brambang sabrang (J) Bratawali (J) Brawas (1) Brembet (J) Brojo lintang (S) Buah bengkak (1) Buah gundu (1) Buah kaki (1) Buah keras (1) Buah mentega (1) Buah mentengan (S) Buah monyet (S) Buah nagri (J) Buah negeri (1) Buah negri (S) Buah nona (l, S) Buah prada (1) Buah tasbeh (1) Buah tempayan (1) Buah tikus (1) Bubundelan (S) Budi (1) Bugang (1) Bujang kagit (S) Bujanggut (S) Bulangan (1) Bulian (1) Bulin (1) Bulu (J) Bulung (J) Bumbo (J) Bumbungdelan (S) Buncis merah (1) Buncis (l, J, S) Bunga anting-anting (1) Bunga bakung (1) Bunga bangkai (1) Bunga berteh (1) Bunga bonet (1) Bunga cina (1) Bunga dapros (1) Bunga dapros gedil (1) Bunga India (1) Bunga jepang (1) Bunga jonggrang (1) Bunga kertas (1) Bunga kupu-kupu (1) Bunga landak (1) Bunga lawang (1) Bunga liIin (1) Bunga manuru (1) Bunga matahari (1)

229

333

445 153 238

96

27 512 402 402 367 456

396

55 55

601

366 668 283

279 283 278 287 529

529

529 529

45 156 204

668

530

193 481 650 462 370 691 391 391 114 114

540

193

333 333

431 415 81 570 570 190,367 428 429 16 71 414 145 187, 188, 189 1 384,498

82

519 138

140

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Bunga mawar (1) Bunga mentega (1) Bunga merak (1) Bunga padan (1) Bunga pagar (1) Bunga pagoda (1) Bunga pakma (1) Bunga palita (1) Bunga patma (1) Bunga pengantin (1) Bunga petang (1) Bunga raja (1) Bunga rambutan (1) Bunga ros (1) Bunga saputangan (l, S) Bunga Semarang (1) Bunga sepatu (1) Bunga slkat gigl (1) Bunga soka (\) Bunga sungsang (1) Bunga tabo (1) Bunga tabu (1) Bunga tanjung (1) Bunga telepak (1) Bunga trompet (1) Bunga waktu kecil (1) Bunga waktu kuning (1) Bungbulang laut (S) Bunglai laki-Iaki (1) Bunglai (1) Bungli (1) Bungur (l, J, S) Bungur jepang (1. S) Buni (l, S) Buni letes (1) Buntiris (S) Buntut b~ing (S) Bunut (l, ) Bunut beureum (S) Bunut cai (S) Bunut kaloya (J) Bunut merah (1) Burahol (S) Burkoli (S) Buta-buta (1) Buta-buta badak (1) Buyuk (J)

599

71 190 510 692 687

583

123

583 520

431

434

156

599

199 458

434

495 611 414 147 147 642 510 153,513 513 431

586

700 727 153 423 424 284

285

231,232 421 480 481 481 481 481 48 161 297 68 115

C

Caah (S) Cabai (1) Cabai alas (1) Cabai hutan (1) Cabal jawa (1) Cabal sulah (1) Cabe (J. S) Cabe besar (1) Cabe cengek (S) Cabe jawa (1) Cabe merah (1) Cabe monyet èS) Cabe rawit (1. ) Cabe setan (1)

224

654

539 70 539 539

654

654

655 539

654

539

655

655

Cabean (J) Cabean alas (J) Cabean jawa (J) Cabean sula (J) Cacabean (S) Cacauan (S) Caisim (1) Cakar ayam (J) Cakra cikrl (1) Calingan (J) Calingan rambat (J) Calingcing (S) Calingcing amis (S) Calingcing menir (S) Calingcing wulut (S) Callngclngan (S) Camara balon (S) Camara cina (S) Camara embum (S) Camara kipas (S) Camara laut (S) Camara Iilin (S) Camara puapua (S) Camcauh (S) Camcauh kebo (S) Campaka bodas (S) Campaka koneng (S) Campaka kuning (J) Campedak (J, S) Canar (1) Canar beuti (S) Canar bokor (S) Canar gede (S) Canar gengge (S) Canar minyak (S) Canar peucang (S) Candana (J, S) Candani (J) Candu (1) Cangcaratan peuntas (S) Cangkudu (S) Cantel (l, J) Cantigi bodas (S) Cantigi seungit (S) Capit udang (1) Careme (S) Caringin (S) Caringin areuy (S) Caringin beureum (S) Caringin lalaki (S) Carulang gede (S) Carulang huma (S) Carulang lampung (S) Cassiavera (1) Cau (S) Cau apu (S) Cau badak (S) Cau batu (S) Cau bedong (S) Cau buhaya (S) Cau galek (S) Cau honje (S) Cau hujung (S) Cau jepang (S)

539 539 539 539 539 362

166

648

450

602 51

523,528

524

308 523 443

210

246,247 247

250

209 248 249

455

455 426 427 427 471 651 261 651 651 651 651 261 629

629

527 603

612 561 280

280

445 307 479

4n 475 4n

550 550 550 382

491

488 489 486 488

487 490 487

488 489

Indeks Indonesia

141

Cau kipas (5) Cau kis (5) Cau kole (5) Cau kulutuk (5) Cau Manila (5) Cau perak (5) Cau tanduk (5) Ceban (1) Cecekeran (SO Cecendet(an) (5) Cecendet(an) kunir (5) Cecenet(an) (8) Ceguk (J) Ceker ayam (1) Ceker ayam (J) Ceker bebek (5) Céker itik (l, 5) Cekluk (J) Cekop manis (1) Cekor (5) Ceku (5) Cekur (1) Celingcing (1) Celoring (J) Cemara (J) Cemara (5) Cemara balon (1) Cemara buaya (1) Cemara cina (1) Cemara duri (1) Cemara gunung (1) Cemara jepang (1) Cemara kipas (1) Cemara laut (l, J) Cemara lilin (1) Cemara pua-pua (1) Cemara rante (J) Cemara tikung (J) Cemara tukung (J) Cemara waris (J) Cemawis (J) Ceme (J) Cemondelan (J) Cempaga (l, J) Cempaka gondok (1) Cempaka kubur (1) Cempaka kuning (1) Cempaka mulia (1) Cempaka putih (l, J) Cempedak (1) Cemplak (J) CempJok (J) Cendana (J, 5) Cendana wangi (1) Cendani (J) Cengal (l, J, 5) Cengek (5) Cengkeh (l, J, 5) Cengkih (1) Cengkudu (5) Cenil (J) Cente (5) Centongan (J) Cepaga (J)

673

485 485 486

492 227 490

568

186 661 661 661 221 186 675 181,183 232 221 310 720 720 720

528

449 209,210 676 210 249 246 98,566 210 676 250 209,247 248 249

565 565 565 565 209

241 144

427 73 427 73 426 471 431 431

629 629 629

448

Cepaka kuning (1) Cepaka putih (1) Cepedak (l, J) Cepiring (J) Ceplik (5) Ceplok piring (J) Ceplukan (l, J) Ceplukan blusungan (J) Ceplukan cina (J) Ceplukan sapi (J) Cepoka (J) Ceraka merah (1) Cerek (1) Ceremai (1) Cereme (l, J) Cereme asam (1) Cereme belanda (1) Ceri (1) Ceri (5) Cerlang (5) Cerlang laut (J) Cermal (1) Cerme (l, J, 5) Cesin (5) Ceuli badak (5) Ceuli beurit (5) Ceuli uncal (5) Ceuri (5) Cicipir (J) Ciciplukan (J) Cikron (J) Ciku (1) Cikur (8) cm (1) Cincau (1) Cindul (J) Cingcau (l, 5) Cingkeh (1) Cipir (J) Cocoan oray (5) Cocor bebek (1) Cocor bebek (J) Coklat (l, J, 5) Coko wana (J) Cokrom (5) Combrang (l, J, 5) Condang (J) Cong belut (J) Congkok (5) Corogol (5) Cowek gompel (J) Cubung (1) Cuca (1) Cumpleng (J) Cupa (1)

427 426 471

608

655

608

661

530

661 661

666

542 627 307 307

503 503

353,595,596 595,596 670

669

307 307 167 182, 185

535

541

220

336

e,336

661 25 641 720 654 455 48 455 498

81 181,182,232 232 672

666

665 714 675

666

413

633

51

658

27 81 286

267 655 498 498 612 170 692 417 448

D

Dadap ayam (l, J) Dadap belendung (5) Dadap cangkring (5) Dadap cucuk (l, 5) Dadap duri (1) Dadap laut (l, J)

321 320,321 321 320 320 321

142

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Dadap lengah (J) Cadap lesang (5) Dadap Iisah (J) Dadap minyak (l, 5) Dadap tangrang (5) Dadap ree (J) Dadap ri (J) Dadap serep (l, J) Caduri (J) Cahlia (l, 5) Dahu (1,5) Dalima (l, 5) Damar (1) Camar (J) Damar laki-laki (1) Damar laut (l, 5) Camar mata kucing (l, 5) Damar putih (1) Camar putih (5) Damar rawan (5) Damar sigi (1) Danas (5) Canas batu (5) Danas pager (5) Danas puru (5) Danas sabrang (5) Dangsul (J) Cani (1) Cara (J) Dara gowok (J) Dara laut (J) Cara putih (J) Caringo (l, 5) Darsana (J) Dasun (1) Casun merah (1) Dau (1) Daun asam (1) Daun bara (1) Daun birarut (1) Daun bungkus (1) Daun deres (1) Daun encok (1) Daun gelang (5) Daun getang (1) Daun gulang (1) Daun hati-hati (1) Daun inget (1) Daun jinten (l, 5) Daun kaget (1) Daun kaki kuda (1) Daun katang (1) Daun katuk (5) Daun kendi (1) Daun kepah (1) Daun kermak (1) Daun kucing (J) Daun Kupang (1) Daun kurap (1) Daun lada (1) Daun lampeni (1) Daun Iidah-Iidah (1) Daun liIin (1) Daun Iilin (J)

320 320 320

320 320 320 320 122 135

·34

582

320

274 97

98

273 271 97,267,268 268 97 173 225 225 11 10 323 221

585

269

662 419 419 76 502 407 402

586 686

150

441 413

686

542 125 125 125 376

686

376 462 51 230 310 511 225 22 376 192 192 125 139 188 187 187, 188

Daun Iipung (5) Daun mamangkokan (5) Daun mangkok (l, 5) Daun marasi (1) Daun meji (1) Daun murit (1) Daun panahan (1) Daun panjang (1) Daun papeda (1) Daun patok tuau (1) Daun pegagan (1) Daun penggaga (1) Daun pitis(l) Caun poko (1) Daun prasman (1) Caun puring (5) Daun putri (1) Daun remek daging (5) Daun rusa (1) Daun sambang darah (5) Daun saputangan (1) Daun sejuk (1) Daun sendok (1) Daun sepet (1) Daun suji (1) Daun sup (1) Daun tikusan (1) Daun tolo (1) Daun tolod (5) Daun ungu (5) Daun urat (1) Daun wungu (1) Dawolong (5) Dedulang (1) Dekeman (J) Dele (J) Deleg (J) Delima (l, J) Deling petung (J) Delingo (1) Demekan (J) Dempul (J) Dempul leles (J) Dempul lelet (J) Demung (J) Denok (1) Derekan (J) Deres (1) Deresan (J) Deringo (1) Deris (5) Dermala (J) Dersana (J) Dewadaru (J) Diepenbahagia (1) Dikilaban (5) Dilem (l, J, 5) Dlingo (J) Dodolan (5) Dombo (J) Dompyong (J) Dondong (J) Dongkelsungsang (J) Drasena (1)

442 93,94 93,94 413 362 125 128 139 93 9 58 58 123 370 128 291 613

298

22 199 232 541

684 298

14 49 627 22 22 3 541

3

282 309

323 323 695 582 547 76 323 285

285 299

3 295

283 686 686

76 319 502 133

86

265

613 379 76 695

540

505 41 4104 13

Indeks Indonesia

143

Dregel (J) Dringo (l, J) Duku (l, J) Dukuh (S) Dulang (1) Dulang-dulang (1) Dungun gunung (J) Duren (l, J, S) Duri e(n)tong (l, J) Duri gambas (1) Duri penjait (1) Duri tiongkok (l, J) Duri tiongkok batu (1) Durian (1) Durian belanda (1) Durian betawi (1) Duwet (J) Duwet manting (J) Duwet sapi (J)

256 76 449 449 193

309 669

G

Gabus (1) Gabus (l, J) .Gabusan (J) Gadele (J) Gadog (l, S) Gadung (l, J, S) Gadung kuning (1) Gadung laut (1) Gadung padi (1) Gadung tikus (1) Gagajahan (S) Gagan-gagan (J) Gaharu buaya (1) Gai (1) Gajus (1) Galinggem (S) Galuga (J, S) Galugu (J) Galugur monyet (S) Gamal (1) Gambas (l, J) Gambas (S) Gambir (l, S) Gamet (S) Gamet walanda (S) Ganaria (S) Ganas (S) Ganas sabrang (S) Ganda kawat (1) Gandapura (1) Gandapura (l, J, S) Gandarasa (1) Gandaria (l, J, S) Gandariah (1) Gandarukem (J) Gandarusa (1) Gandasoli (l, S) Gandasuli (l, J, S) Gandola (1) Gandola (S) Gandrum (S) Gandrum cindi (S) Gandrum degem (S) Gandrum kumpai (S) Gandrum titinggl (S) Gandrung (l, S) Gandul (J) Gandum (l, J) Gandum sorgo (1) Ganggagan (J) Gangsalan (J) Ganja (l, J, S) Ganola (S) Ganyol (S) Ganyong (1) Ganyong (J, S) Ganyong hutan (1) Garundul (J) Garut (J) Gasep (1) Gatep (1) Gatet (S)

66

96

66

323

290 260 260

158

176, 1n

183 185 183 181 158 44 44 499 499 499

675

260

675

548

51

360

E

Eceng (1) Eceng (S) Eceng gondok (l, S) Ekor anjing (1) Ekor kera (1) Emai (1) Embacang (1) Embet (J) Embun (1) Emes (S) Empelas (1) Enau (1) Enceng-enceng (J) Encung (J, S) Endelimau (1) Ender (1) Endong (J) Engkol (J) Engkol babat (S) Engkol beureum (S) Engkol gede (S) Engkol siki (S) Enjelai (1) Entai (J) Enteh (S) Entenam (1) Entimun (1) Enyoh kelo (J) Erang (S) Erbis (l, S) Ercis (1) Ermot (S) Eru (1) Etal (J) Etom (J) Eurih (S)

417 18,19

580

541 421 115 681

38

209

517 32 156 156 473 217 322 241 244 615

334

435

33

173 10

405

241 474 101 206,317

665 582

430 280

40 33 33

61 12 164 161 165 164 162 102

544

6n

263 238

351 2 718 718 149 31,149 561 561 561 561 561 561

208

8 116 531

334 530 209

102

325

561 561 51 582 202 149

203 203 203,204 204

551

F

Aamboyan (1) Ficus terambat (1)

195

480

602 442 326 326 326

144

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Gayam (l, J, 8) Gayang (1) Gebang (l, J, 8) Gebangan depok (J) Gedang·(J) Gedang (8) Gedang cici (J) Gedang karet (J) Gedang kele (J) Gedang klutuk (J) Gedang pidak (J) Gedang sewu (J) Gedang sungu (J) Gedengan (J) Gedi (l, J, 8) Gehger sore (8) GeJembak (J) Gelagah (1) Gelam (l, J, 8) Gelang (l, 8) Gelang laut (l, 8) Gelang pasir (l, J) Gelang tanah (1) Gele sawah (1) Gelenggang (1) Gelo (J) Gelur (J) Gembili (1) Gembili (J) Gemblung (1) Gembolo (J) Gempol (J) Gempur (J) Gendiwung (J) Gendola (1) Gendolak (J) Gendolan (8) Gendot (8) Gendrek (J) Genduru (l, J) GenJer (8) Genjer bangeng (1) Genjerot (J) Genjulak (J) Genteng peujit (8) Gentung (J) Genyer (8) Gerong (8) Geronggang (1) Geronjing (1) Gerunggang (l, 8) Getah (1) Getah pecah (1) Getah rasamala (1) Getah sontek (1) Getah sundi (1) Getih badak (8) Getih warak (J) Gewongan (J) Gewor (8) Gia (1) Giam (1) Gidi (8) Gigi! (l, J, 8)

326 326 107 491

63

208 485 485 485

486

487 490

680

488

429 86,317 170

559 264,506

16,581 16 16 16 417 192

85

317 259

259,3n

668

258,259

603

395 116 149 149 149 417,580 149 105 417 417 149 149

650

Gingseng cina (8) Gingseng jawa (8) Ginje (J) Ginseng (l, 8) Gintung(an) (J) Giyanti (J) G1adiol (1) Glagah (J) Gledog panto (8) Gletang (1) Gletang (J) Gletangan (J) Gloksinia (1) Glugu (J) Godong cowekan (J) Godong encok (J) Godong gandel (J) Godong keji (J) Godong mangkokan (J) Godong prasman (J) Godong racun (J) Godong relTlek daging (J) Godong sambang getih (J) Godong ula (J) Goel (8) Gohni (1) Golang galing (J) Goman (J) Gondarusa (J) Gondasuli (J) Gondok (J) Gondok (8) Gonggang (1) Goni (1) Gorang (J) Goro-goro (1) Gowok (l, J, 8) Grindul (J) Gringging (J) Grunggung (J) Gucen (J) Gude (l, J) Gundangan (1) Gundul (J) Guni (l, 8)

62 63

75,202 92

290 339

368

559

218 144 125 144 473 93 542 456 7 93,94 128 295

298 298 358

549 561

682

613 136 2 718 580 427 216

680

96

68 505

450 602

602

359

313

33

30 680

290

417 317 216

290

H

Hades (8) Hahadeusan (8) Hajere (8) Halia (1) Hampelas (l, 8) Handalaksa (8) Handarusa (8) Handeuleum (8) Handiwung (8) Hangasa (8) Hanjawar (8) Hanjere (8) Hanju(w)ang (l, 8) Hanju(w)ang merak (8) Harangasa (8) Haregu (8)

216

57,61 370

544

300 643

361 645 645 110 110 694 226 352 264 429

363,364

725 474

568

2 3 116 703

99 544

12, 13 14 703 118 145

Indeks Indonesia

Harendong akar (5) Harendong bulu (5) . Harendong mangandeuh (5) Hareueus (5) Hareueus bodas (5) Hareueus gunung (5) Hareueus perak (5) Hariang bulu (5) Harut (5) Haur (5) Hecos (5) Hedyo huma (5) Henep (1) Herbis (5) Heucip (5) Heucit (5) Hibiskus (1) Hinai (1) Hirbis (5) Hiris (5) Hoe getih badak (5) Hoe korod (5) Hoe minyak (5) Hoe seel (5) Hoe selang (5) Hoe 80ga (5) HoIdi (5) Holdi Malang (5) Honje (1) Honje (5) Honje hejo (5) Honje laka (5) Honje manis (1) Hujan-hujan (1) Huni (5) Huru (5) Huru batu (5) Huru bueuk (5) Huru cau (5) Huru kacang (5) Huru koneng (5) Huru- madang (5) Huru manggah (5) Huru manuk (5) Huru mentek (5) Huru payung (5) Huru pedes (5) Huru pinggan (5) Huru sintok (5) Huru taleus (5) Huru tangkalak (5) Huwi (5) Huwi blicik (5) Huwi boled (5) Huwi butul (5) Huwi buwah (5) Huwi ceker (5) Huwi cucuk (5) Huwi dangdeur (5) Huwi dewata (5) Huwi gadung (5) Huwi gandul (5) Huwi hiris (5) Huwi jahe (5)

445

446

445 601 601 602 150 442

543 286

Em

139

433

531 287 281

436

Huwi jendral (5) Huwi kalapa (5) Huwi kamayung (5) Huwi kawoyang (5) Huwi kentang (5) Huwi kumeli (5) Huwi landak (5) Huwi mantang (5) Huwi mantri (5) Huwi nagr! (5) Huwi pager (5) Huwi putri (5) Huwi sawut (5) Huwi taropon~ (5) Huwi tihang ( ) Huwi upas (5) Huwi walanda (J)

304

257 259 259 3n

667

259

229

262 258 257 262 262 259 257 258,261

667

425 237 313 110 103 104 109, 110 103, 109 110

592 598

1

Ibus (5) lIalang (1) 11er (J) lIes-iies (1) Iles-Iles (J) lieus (5) lIus (J) Imba (J) Inai (1) Ingas (J) Ingas tembaga (J) Ingu (1) Ipik (1) Ipoh (1) Ipuh (l, 5)

716 714 716 716 701

466

107 551 378 675 81,675 80,81 261 447 425

35 35

284

381 678

396

454 479 467 467

J

Jaat (5) Jaba (1) Jabon (l, J) Jabung (5) Jabung hayam (5) Jae (J) Jagoan (5) Jagong (5) Jagung (l, J) Jagung cantel (J) Jagung ceutik (5) Jagung Inda (J) Jagung pari (J) Jahakling (1) Jahe (l, J, 5) Jajagoan (5) Jajang betung (J) Jakaranda (1) Jali (1) Jali batu (1) Jaliwatu (J) Jali-jali (l, J) Jaluntas (5) Jamaka (5) Jambak (1) Jambe (l, J, 5)

391 390,400 395 400 397 395,678

382

242,336 550

603

166 168 725

548 563 563

400 387,390 395

399

400 394,397 257 258

229

561 561 561 561 224 725

548

259

258

547 152

544 544 544 544

259,262 259

304

262

260

141

258 331 259,262

366

502 100

146

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Jambe sinagar (S) Jamb(e)lang (l, S) Jambon (J) Jambu air (l, J, S) Jambu alas (l, J) Jambu batu (l, S) Jambu berteh (1) Jambu biawas (1) Jambu bijl (1) Jambu bol (l, J, S) Jambu cai (S) Jambu dersana (J) Jambu gadang (1) Jambu jambak (1) Jambu kaget (J) Jambu kancing (l, S) Jambu kelutuk (1) Jambu kemang (1) Jambu klampok (J) Jambu klutuk (l, J, S) Jambu krutuk (J) Jambu kulutuk (S) Jambu mede (S) Jambu mente (1) Jambu merah (1) Jambu mete (J) Jambu monyet (1) Jambu nona (1) Jambu parang (1) Jambu pertukal (1) Jambu Semarang (l, J, S) Jambu siki (S) Jambu susu (1) Jambu tersana (J) Jambu uwer (J) Jambu wana (J) Jambu wer (J) Jambul merak (1) Jambulan (1) Jambura (S) Jampang cangah (J) Jampang carulang (S) Jampang huma (S) Jampang munggah (S) Jampang pait (S) Jampe (S) Jamuju (J) Jamuju (l, S) Jamuju sebrang (S) Jamur dami (J) Jamur kantong (J) Jamur kuping (l, J) Jamur merang (1) Jamur padi (1) Janggat (J) Janggel (J) Janggot (J) Jangkang (I,J) Jangkang (S) Jangkar (J) Jankar (J) Jantake (S) Janti (J) Janur (S)

99 499 500

508

500 507 502 507 507 502

508

509 502 502 509 509 507 502 500,509 507 507 507 32 32 502 32 32

45

32 507 509 32,507 502,507 502,509

508

500

508

152 499 218

555

550 550 550

555 232 569

565

566

698 698 146 698 698 370

563

370 671 589

588 589

33 339 562

Jarak (l, J, S) Jarak budeg (J) Jarak cina (l, J, S) Jarak cina (J) Jarak gundul (J) Jarak gurita (S) Jarak iri (J) Jarak jitun (S) Jarak kalikih (J) Jarak keliklh (1) Jarak kosta (l, S) Jarak pagar (1) Jarak pager (J, S) Jarak wolanda (1) Jaran (1) Jarangau (1) Jariangau (1) Jaringao (S) Jarong (S) Jarong lalaki (S) Jarong lelaki (1) Jarong(an) (l, J) Jatake (S) Jati (l, S) Jati sabrang (J, S) Jatos (S) Jawan (J) Jawan pari (J) Jawar (J) Jawaras (1) Jawawut (l, J, S) Jawe (1) Jawer hayam (S) Jawer kotok (S) Jawura (S) Jawut (1) Jayakusuma (J) Jayanti (l, S) Jebubug basu (J) Jebubug endog (J) Jejerukan (S) Jejuang bukit (1) Jelai (1) Jelantir (J) Jelarut (J) Jelatang gajah (1) Jelutung (l, S) Jembrak (J) Jempina(J) Jenewer (1) Jeng-jeng laut (S) Jengger ayam (l, J) Jengger rumpuk (J) Jenggot yahudi (1) Jengkol (l, S) Jengkolan (J) Jerangau (1) Jerek (J) Jeret (S) Jering (l, J) Jeruk adas (J) Jeruk amis (S) Jeruk asam (1) Jeruk Bali (l, J, S)

309

302

303

302 302

303

302

309 309 309

302 302 302 302

36

76 76 76 1, 141

694 694 694

33 695

693

695 548 548

99 561 21,27 27, 378 218

560 560 560

514

339

258

258

616 14

544

.r41 442

683

69 170 267 249 152 27 27

356 4ôO 4ôO

76

289

224

4ôO

620

619 623 620

Indeks Indonesia

147

Jeruk besar (1) Jeruk bodong (J) Jeruk bonteng (8) Jeruk bunglon (8) Jeruk cempaga (8) Jeruk cina (1) Jeruk cina konde (1) Jeruk coplok (8) Jeruk dalima (J, 8) Jeruk delima (1) Jeruk Garut (8) Jeruk gedang (8) Jeruk gede (8) Jeruk gulung (J) Jeruk haseum (8) Jeruk honje (8) Jeruk jepun (1) Jeruk kasturi (1) Jeruk kates (l, J) Jeruk keprok (l, J, 8) Jeruk kepruk (1) Jeruk kopyor (8) Jeruk lege (J) Jeruk legi (J) Jeruk lemo (8) Jeruk limau (1) Jeruk macan (l, J) Jeruk manis (1) Jeruk maseh (l, 8) Jeruk nipis (l, 8) Jeruk pagar (1) Jeruk paseh (l, 8) Jeruk pecel (J) Jeruk pepaya (1) Jeruk peras (1) Jeruk purut (l, J, 8) Jeruk rawa (J) Jeruk reuma (8) Jeruk sambel (l, J) Jeruk sekade (J) Jeruk sikade (l, 8) Jeruk sitrun (1) Jeruk sukade (1) Jeruk tangan (l, 8) Jeruk tipis (l, 8) Jeungjing (8) Jeungjing laut (8) Jingga (J) Jingi (1) Jingkang (l, 8) Jingoh (1) Jinjing (1) Jintan (1) Jintan manis (1) Jintan putih (1) Jinten (J, 8) Jinten bodas (8) Jinten manis (8) Jinten putih (J) Jintenan (J) Jipang (1) Jirek (J) Jirek emprit (J) Jiwat (1)

620

624 624 619

626

626 626

626

620

620

626

624

620

620

625

624

626

625 624

626 626

623 619 619 619 619

620

619

626

622

618

626 618 624 623 621

620

Jokotowo (J) Jombang (l, J) Jong(h)e (8) Jotang gede (8) Jotang kebo (8) Jotahg sawah (8) Juju (J) Jukut bau (8) Jukut borang (l, 8) Jukut borang (J) Jukut gajah (8) Jukut gehgeran (8) Jukut gewor (8) Jukut jampang (8) Jukut jatinangor (8) Jukut kakawatan (8) Jukut kawasa (8) Jukut krincing (8) Jukut letah hayam (8) Jukut munding (8) Jukut pait (8) Jukut palias (8) Jukut Peking (8) Jukut pelet (8) Jukut prasman (8) Jukut riyud (8) Jukut sakti (8) Jukut setan (8) Jukut tambaga (8) Juntl (J) Jure (8) Jute jawa (1) Juwawut (J) Juwet (l, J)

91 143 137 125 125 125 126,369

462 96

556

455

462 226

549 21

554 232 686 686

549 169,555

462 564

202

128

462

169 462

554

256 71,72

433

560

499

K

Kabak (l, 8) Kabung (1) Kabu-kabu (1) Kacang adas (l, 8) Kacang arab (l, 8) Kacang babi (1) Kacang babi (l, J, 8) Kacang bado (1) Kacang Bali (1) Kacang Bandung (8) Kacang Banten (l, J) Kacang belimbing (1) Kacang belut (l, 8) Kacang bengkok (1) Kacang benguk (1) Kacang beureum (8) Kacang blduk (1) Kacang Bogor (l, 8) Kacang botor (1) Kacang brai (J) Kacang brudul (J) Kacang brui (J~ Kacang bulu ( ) Kacang buncis (1) Kacang cina (1) Kacang cina (J) Kacang cindai (1)

622 619 624 624 624 624 624 618

463 463

17 101 157 328 316

330

340

327 313

343

149 241 14 190

463 50

343

336

345

345

330 333

62 54

50

327

343

336

54 62 54 56 244 287,289 287 499

312 312 312 323

333

345 312 342

148

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Kacang dadap (5) Kaeang ereis (1) Kaeang gengge (5) Kaeang giping (l, 5) Kacang gleyor (J) Kaeang gondole (5) Kaeang gude (l, J) Kaeang hejo (5) Kacang herang (5) Kacang hijau (1) Kacang hiris (5) Kacang ijo (J) Kacang iris (1) Kacang lebrol (J) Kacang jepun (5) Kacang jeriji (5) Kacang jogo (5) Kacang jong (J) Kacang kacang enjing (J) Kaeang kapri (5) Kaeang kara (1) Kaeang karas (l, 5) Kaeang kayu (l, J) Kaeang kayu laut (1) Kaeana kedelai 11\ Kacang kedele (5) Kaeang kenyut (5) Kacang kopak (5) Kacang kowas (5) Kaeang kuda (1) Kaeang landep (5) Kaeang landes (5) Kacang lanjaran (l, J) Kacang Manila (l, 5) Kaeang mas (l, 5) Kacang Mekah (5) Kaeang merah (1) Kacang miang (1) Kaeang mungo (1) Kaeang nyonya (J) Kaeang oei (l, J, 5) Kaeang padi (1) Kaeang pahang (5) Kaeang panjang (l, J, 5) Kaeang parang (1) Kaeang peda (5) Kaeang pendem (J) Kaeang peujit (5) Kaeang polong (l, J, 5) Kaeang prasman (l, 5) Kaeang rompes (5) Kaeang roway (5) Kaeang ruji (J) Kacang ruji (5) Kaeang srentul (J) Kaeang srintil (J) Kaeang suuk (5) Kacang tanah (1) Kacang taneuh (5) Kaeang tolo (1) Kaeang tuban (J) Kaeang tunggak (l, J) Kacangtunggak (5) Kacang turus (5)

345

334

343 322 345 343 313 342 342 342 313 342 313 312 323 327 333,343 342

344 334

327 329 313 335 323 323

344

333 316 345 345 345 343 332 314 333,345 330 341 314 344 342 335 345 314 327 312 345

334 330

314 333 332 344 345 312 312 312 312 312 345 312 345 333 345

Kacang uei (l, J) Kacang usus (J) Kacapi (5) Kaeapi monyet (5) Kaeapiring (l, J, 5) Kaeekluk (J) Kaeembang (5) Kaeeprek (5) Kaeondang (5) Kaeoprok (5) Kaeu (1) Kaeubung (J) Kaeunda (1) Kaeur (J) Kadaka (5) Kadaka uneal (l, 5) Kadok (1) Kadok gajah (1) Kadon(g)dong (5) Kadongdong eina (5) Kadongdong eueuk (5) Kadongdong haseum (5) Kadongdong leuweung (5) Kadongdong monyet (5) Kadongdong pare (5) Kadongdong sabrang (5) Kadu (J, 5) Kaheji (1) Kajai (1) Kajeng apu (J) Kajeng jaler (J) Kajeng kapal (J) Kaki kuda (1) Kaktus (l, 5) Kaktus anggur (l, 5) Kaktus bangkawali (5) Kaktus batu (5) Kaktus panda (l, 5) Kaladium (1) Kalapa (J, 5) Kalapa eiung (5) Kalapa leuwi (5) Kalatea (l, 5) Kalat-kalat (1) Kalbi (J) Kalek (1) Kalemba (5) Kalembak (1) Kalembak (J) Kalesem (J) Kali kueita (J) Kalijaya (5) Kalik adep (J) Kaliki (5) Kaliki hejo (5) Kaliki pager (5) Kalistemon (l, 5) Kalojo (1) Kaluweh (J) Kaluwih (J) Kamalandingan (5) Kamandilan (5) Kambengan (J) Kambodia jepang (1)

344

345 451 451

608,609

221 494

530

675

530

100

658

675 241 573

5n 536

6 41 42 42 43 43 43 42 42 158 7 478

89

153

36

58

176, 1n

234 179 181,182 233

83

106 111 115

440

352

463

214 571 679 571 505 511 514 613

309

302 302 495 476

468 468

461 137 551

64

Indeks Indonesia

149

Kamboja (l, J) Kamboja merah (1) Kamijara (J) Kamoja (5) Kampas (1) Kamper (1) Kamper (5) Kamplung (J) Kamuning (l, 5) Kananga (J, 5) Kanari (l, 5) Kanas (1) Kancing baju (1) Kandeka (l, J) Kandis (1) Kandis burung (1) Kangkung (l, J, 5) Kangkung darat (5) Kangkung jlidri (J) Kanikir (5) Kanowa (J) Kantil (l, J) Kantong semar (l, 5) Kanyere (5) Kapal besar (1) Kapal menengan (J) Kapalan (J) Kapas (l, 5) Kapasan (J, 5) Kapayang (1) Kapinango (5) Kapirosok (J) Kapok (1) Kapol (1,5) Kapri (1) Kapri (J) Kapuk (l, 5) Kapul (1) Kapulaga (1) Kapulasan (l, 5) Kapundung (J) Kapundung (5) Kapundung lanang (J) Kapur (l, 5) Kapur barus (1) Kapu-kapu (1) Kara (J) Kara andong (J) Kara bedog (5) Kara bendo (J) Kara benguk (J) Kara dodog (J) Kara haji (J) Kara krupuk (J) Kara loke (J) Kara lunjar (J) Kara oncet (5) Kara pedang (J) Kara pendem (J) Kara putih (J) Kara rawe (J) Kara uceng (J) Kara wedung (J) Kara wedus (J)

73 74 700 73, 74 198

383 266 208

628 47 175

203,204

144

586 220 220

228 230 228 133 45 427 511

544

647 297 123 432 430

354 448 280

157 702 205 334 157 702 702

634

289 286,289 287 266

383

89 327,332 327 314 314

330

314 314 327 314 327

340

314 343 327

330

327 314 327

Kara-kara (1) Karadiul (5) Karang bau (5) Karas (1) Karate (5) Karate cucuk (5) Karate nyiru (5) Karayunan (5) Kardamunggu (1) Karet (l, J) Karet batang (1) Karet getah (5) Karet kebo (J, 5) Karet kerbau (1) Karet kipia (5) Karet munding (5) Karet wihwir (5) Karuk (1) Kasai (1) Kasapen (5) Kasemek (l, J) Kasimun (1) Kaso (5) Kaspe (l, J) Kastela (J) Kastroli (J) Kastuba (5) Kastuba beureum (5) Kasturi (l, J) Kasumba (1) Kasumba keling (l, J) Katak (J) Katak dewot (J) Katakuti (1) Katapang (l, 5) Katela (J) Katela rambat (J) Katepan (J) Katepeng badak (5) Kates (l, J) Katila (J) Katimun (l, J, 5) Katincak (5) Katomas (5) Katongkat (5) Katu(k) (l, J, 5) Katuk merah (1) Katukan (J) Katumar mungsi (J) Katumbar (l, J) Katumbar londo (J) Katumpang (5) Katumpang lemah (5) Katumpang(an) (1,5) Katuncar (5) Katuncar walanda (5) Kawang (J) Kaweh (1) Kaweni (5) Kawista (1) Kaworo (5) Kawung (5) Kayu acret (1) Kayu apu (J)

327

368 369

679 515 516 516 288 702

300

478 478 478 478

300

478

300 359

635

304

279 260

559 304 208 309

293,294,296 295 430 129 156 262 262 284

222

229 229 58

192

208 208

238

550

291 414 310

294

310 56 52 56

534

686 685

52 56 265,267 270

40

617 430 101 154 89

150

Economie Plants of 1 ndonesia

Kayu apung (1) Kayu asam (1) Kayu bawang (S) Kayu besi (1) Kayu betah (J) Kayu Bima (1) Kayu biruang (S) Kayu bodi (1) Kayu Borneo (S) Kayu bulu (1) Kayu buta-buta (1) Kayu damar (1) Kayu embun (1) Kayu gabus (l, S) Kayu gadis (1) Kayu gaharu (1) Kayu garu (l, S) Kayu gurita (l, S) Kayu hitam (1) Kayujali (1) Kayu jaran (J) Kayu kamper (S) Kayu kapur (1) Kayu kasturi (1) Kayu kawan (1) Kayu kuda (1) Kayu lada (1) Kayu lanang (J) Kayu lawang (1) Kayu legi (J) Kayu liIin (S) Kayu Iimo (S) Kayu loa (S) Kayu maja (S) Kayu Makasar (S) Kayu manis (1) Kayu manis (S) Kayu manis cina (1) Kayu masoyi (J) Kayu mata buta (1) Kayu merah (1) Kayu palaka (S) Kayu pasak (1) Kayu payung (1) Kayu putih (1) Kayu putih (S) Kayu salawaku putih (1) Kayu santen (J) Kayu sapi (J) Kayu semidra (1) Kayu sere(h) (l, S) Kayu Singapur (1) Kayu sisi (1) Kayu soma (1) Kayu tabu (1) Kayu teja (1) Kayu tembaga (1) Kayu timur (1) Kayu trembesi (J) Kayu udang (1) Kayu ular (1) Kayu urip (J) Kebembem (1) Kecalingan (J)

89 201 385,518

391

297

569

517 476 270,272 360,679 297 97

565,566 98

387 679 679 68

277 287

36 383 266 249 497 36 387,497 153 385 324 211

393

476 223

277

382,388 324,382,384,388 324,384 389 297 295,337 255 287 96 496,506 496,497,506

463

36

635

616 383 692 97 191 151

386

501

200 466

501 419

296

40

600

Kecalingan bener (J) Kecambil (J) Kecapi (l, J) Keceklik (J) Kecelingan (J) Kecemplok (J) Kecibeling (1) Kecibeling (J) Kecicak abang (J) Kecindul (J) Kecipir (l, J) Kecombrang (l, J) Kecondang (J) Kecubung (1) Kecubung hutan (1) Kedangkal (1) Kedawang (1) Kedekai (1) Kedeki(k) (1) Kedelai (1) Kedele (l, J, S) Kederat (J) Kedok (1) Kedondong hutan (1) Kedondong jawa (1) Kedondong kecil (1) Kedondongmanis (1) Kedon(g)dong (J) Kedui (1) Kedungsul (J) Kejai (1) Kejangkar (S) Kejawan (J) Keji (l, J) Kejut-kejut (1) Kekara (1) Kekara (J) Kekara juleh (1) Kekecrekan (S) Keladan (1) Keladi (1) Keladi hias (1) Keladi perak (1) Kelampai (1) Kelampayan (l, J) Kelanting (1) Kelapa (1) Kelapa minyak (S) Kelapa sawit (l, J) Kelapa sewu (J) Kele lowak (J) Keledang (1) Keledek (1) Kelembahang (1) Kelembak (1) Kelengkeng (1) Kelentang (1) Kelerak (l, J) Kelereng (1) Kelewih (S) Kelintang (1) Kelipuk (1) Kelor (l, J, S) Kelor wana (J)

602 106

451 221

600

431 5 4,8 21

48 336 714 675 658 652

299

273 223 223 323 323 513 536

43

41 42

41 41,43

292 323

300

501

548 7

462

327,329,332 327

330

317

266 85 83 84

292 603 95 106 111 111 111 485 472 229 79 571,679

630

484 636 636 468 484

580

484

339

Indeks Indonesia

151

Keluak (J) Kelui (1) Keluih (1) Kelumpang (l, S) Keluna (1) Kelunak (1) Kelutun (1) Kemaduh (J) Kemaduh lengis (J) Kemaduh sapi (J) Kemandelan (J) Kemandeng (1) Kemang (l, S) Kemangen (J) Kemangi (1. J) Kemangi hutan (1) Kemap (1) Kembahang (1) Kembang anting-anting (S) Kembang apiun (1) Kembang aster (S) Kembang babawangan (S) Kembang bandara (1) Kembang bangah (J) Kembang bangkai (S) Kembang bokor (l, S) Kembang bopong (J) Kembang cangkak (1) Kembang dapros (S) Kembang eros (S) Kembang gaceng (1) Kembang gedang (J) Kembang gelang (S) Kembang goyang (J) Kembang jepun (J. S) Kembang kapas (S) Kembang kasumba (S) Kembang kenikir (S) Kembang kertas (1) Kembang kertas (S) Kembang kol (1. S) Kembang kukupu (S) Kembang landep (S) Kembang lawang (1) Kembang mas (1) Kembang madat (S) Kembang mawar (S) Kembang merak (S) Kembang pagi sore (1) Kembang panganten (S) Kembang patma (S) Kembang patrakombala (S) Kembang payung (S) Kembang pukul empat (1) Kembang pulu (l, J, S) Kembang ros (J, S) Kembang santen merah (1) Kembang sarangenge (S) Kembang sari cina (J) Kembang satek (S) Kembang sekar (J) Kembang serdadu (l, J) Kembang sisir (S) Kembang soka (S)

354

682 4ô8 671

651 261

4ô8

683 683 683

137

446

37 374 371 374 517 79 431 527 127 415 458 81 81

365.542 580 678

428,429

599

81

204

16

134

458

430

129 142 358.512 145,358

163

188, 189

1

384

121 527 599

190

513

520 583 190

687 513 129

599

610

138

67

692 580 67

495 611

Kembang sore kecil (1) Kembang srengenge (J) Kembang tahi ayam (1) Kembang tambaga beureum (S) Kembang tarompet (S) Kembang telek (J) Kembang tikatok (S) Kembang ungkluk (S) Kembang wera (S) Kembili (1) Kembili welanda (1) Kembiri (1) Kemboja (1) Kemboja merah (1) Kemendulan (J) Kemenjing (J) Kemenyan (1) Kemetir (J) Keminting (1) Kemir (S) Kemiri (1. J) Kemlandingan (J) Kemondelan (J) Kempas (1) Kemudu (J) Kemukuh (1) Kemukus (l, J) Kemulwa (J) Kemuning (l, J) Kenanga (1. J) Kenari (l, J) Kenci (J) Kencur (l, J) Kendayakan (J) Kenderi (1) Kendiran (J) Keng-wa (1) Kengfa (1. S) Kenikir (l, J) Kentang (l, J) Kentang Bogor (S) Kentang iler (J) Kentang ireng (J) Kentang jawa (l, J) Kentang jembut (J) Kentang kentul (J) Kentang klici (J) Kentang kumeli (S) Kentang walanda (J) Kentangan (J) Kenyan (J) Kepang (1) Kepaya (1) Kepayang (1) Kepel (J) Kepelaga (1) Kepik (J) Keplandingan (J) Kepleng (J) Kepoh (J) Kepok ketek (1) Kepolang (1) Kepuh (l, J, S) Kepulaga (1)

431

138

67 67 153

692

142 519

434

377

667

283

73 74 675

220 674

461

283 659 283

461 137

198

612 537 537 45 628 47 175 170

720

188 311,459 28 178 178

133

667 377 377 377 377 377 377 377 667 667 378

285

679

208

354 48

702

461 455 671 671

335

700

671 702

152

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Kepundung (1) Kepundung (J) Kerahi (J) Kerakap (1) Kerambil (1) Keramboja (J) Keranji (1) Kerawal (1) Kerawitan (l, J) Kerayapan (J) Kerbang (1) Kere payung (l, S) Keremah (J) Keremak (1) Keremak jantan (1) Keremek (S) Keremi (J) Kerendang (1) Keresmen (S) Kering (S) Kerinjing (1) Kerisan (S) Kerkap (1) Kermak jantan (1) Kermate (J) Kerneli (1) Kerok batok (J) Keroncong(an) (1) Kersen (1) Kersen (S) Kersula (J) Kertau (1) Kerteuy (S) Keruing (1) Kerung (J) Keruwing (1) Kesambi (l, J) Kesemak keledung (J) Kesemek (l, J, S) Kesturi (1) Kesumba (1) Kesumba keling (1) Ketakong (1) Ketalen (1) Ketan (l, J, S) Ketangi (J) Ketapang (l, J) Ketela (1) Ketela gantung (J) Ketela pohon (1) Ketela puhun (J) Ketela rambat (1) Ketepeng badak (S) Ketepeng cina (l, J) Ketepeng kebo (J) Ketepeng kerbau (1) Ketimbul (1) Ketimun (1) Ketokal (1) Ketola manis (1) Ketos (J) Ketuba (1) Ketuba merah (1) Ketumbar (1)

289 286,546 237 536 106 236 196

330

301 581

469

631 22 22 136 22 22 686 370 280

290

130 536 136 659 522 51 317 353,595,596 353 114 473,482,483 483 265 261 265 637 279 279 430 129 156 511 517 553 423 222 229 208 304 304 229 192 192 192 192 468 238 517 241 553 293,294 295 52

Ketumbar jawa (1) Ketumbit jantan (1) Ketumpang (1) Ketumpang(an) air (1) Ketung gajah (S) Ketupa (1) Kheng-fa (1) Khuldi (1) Khurma (1) Ki acret (S) Ki Afrika (S) Ki ambang (S) Ki amis (S) Ki andalas (S) Ki apung (S) Ki baceta(h) (S) Ki bau (S) Ki beling (S) Ki besin (S) Ki beureum (S) Ki beusi (S) Ki bima (S) Ki bulu (1) Ki caang (S) Ki calincing (S) Ki camara (S) Ki ceri-ceri (S) Ki ceuri (S) Ki congcorang (S) Ki damar (S) Ki encok (S) Ki engsrot (S) Ki gemblung (S) Ki hades (S) Ki hia (S) Ki hiang jawa (S) Ki hirisan (S) Ki hujan (S) Ki incok (S) Ki jamuju (S) Ki jaran (S) Ki jenggot (S) Ki jeruk (S) Ki kacang (S) Ki kapas (S) Ki karas (S) Ki karet (S) Ki kempas (S) Ki koneng (S) Ki kopi (S) Ki kuda (S) Ki kuhkuran (S) Ki lada (S) Ki lemo (S) Ki lolo (S) Ki mahung (S) Ki malela (S) Ki Manila (S) Ki menteng (S) Ki menyan (S) Ki me(y)ong (S) Ki merang (S) Ki meurit beureum (S) Ki obar (S)

56 137 685

534

82

286

178 592 117 154

584

89 324,382

566

89 7,143,627 126 5,8 315 454 198,391

568,569

604

460 306 565 220 220 650

97 542 154 457 193 174 75 542

565

668

565,569

36

356

616 199

630

679 478 198

400

611 36 674 387 393 15

290

568

192

289

674 289,669 678

694

211

Indeks Indonesia

153

Ki pahang Oaut) (S) Ki pait (S) Ki pancar (S) Ki parupuk (S) Ki pedes (S) Ki peer (S) Ki perak laut (S) Ki poleng (S) Ki putri (S) Ki puyuh (S) Ki ranji (S) Ki sabrang (S) Ki sabun (S) Ki salira (S) Ki sarira (S) Ki semir (S) Ki sereh (S) Ki sireum (S) Ki sujen (S) Ki susur (S) Ki tamaga (S) Ki tangkil (S) Ki teja (S) Ki tembel (S) Ki tejo (S) Ki toke laut (S) Ki urat (S) Ki weureu Kiati (J) Kimpul (l, J, S) Kimput (S) Kina (l, S) Kinang (J) Kingkilaban (S) Kinrip (l, S) Kirai (1) Kiras (1) Kiray (S) Kiray cai (S) Kiray hateup (S) Kirip (J) Kis(S) Kisang (J) Kialar (J) Kiampes (S) Klampok (arum) (J) Klanting (l, J) Klecon (J) Kledeng (J) Klendah (J) Klerak (S) Klesem (J) Kletak (J) Kloncing (J) Klopo (J) Kluban (J) Kluruk (J) Kluwa (J) Kluwek (1) Kluwih (1) Koas bakol (S) Koas parasman (S) Koas pedang (S) Kobis (1)

335

649 568 211 387 477 587

669

568 95 196

693

6 616 .301 387 501,568 435 643 501

359 384,386 299

~16

276 459 541 6 695 91 241,242

604 536

613 184 114 217 114 115 115 287

485

491

265

374

500

95 188 218 106 614

636 505

43

106 160 446 45

354 468

314 314 314 164

Kokosan (l, J, S) Koi (I,S) Koi babat (S) Koi banda (l, J) Koi bandang (J) Koi bandang (S) Kolbiji (1) Koi rabi (1) Koi rap (1) Kolak-kalek (1) Kolaka (1) Kole (S) Koleangka (S) Kolelet (S) Komak (1) Komakoma (1) Kompas (1) Konde putri (S) Koneng (S) Koneng bodas (S) Koneng bokor (S) Koneng gede (S) Koneng hideung (S) Koneng joho (S) Koneng lalab (S) Koneng manggah (S) Koneng pari (S) Koneng pinggang (S) Koneng reuma (S) Koneng tegal (S) Koneng temen (S) Koneng tinggang (S) Konyal (l, S) Kopi anjing (S) Kopi arab (1) Kopi arabika (l, S) Kopi besar (1) Kopi Bogor (l, J, S) Kopi jawa (1) Kopi robusta (l, S) Kopo (S) Kopo badak (S) Kopo lalai (S) Kopo walang (S) Korma (l, S) Koro buncis (J) Koro lomeh (J) Koro tonggak (J) Kosambi (l, S) Kosar (l, S) Kotok bongkok (S) Kowas (S) Krambil (J) Kraminan (J) Krandang (J) Krangeyan (l, J) Kranji (l, J) Kratok (J) Krokot (l, J) Krotok (J) Kruncungan (1) Kuban kayu rana (J) Kubis (l, S) Kucai (l, J)

449 164 161 514 514 514 162 161 165 214 214

485

671 478 327 707 198 121 707 721 709 712 705 708 708 708 708 710 713 713 707 710

529

194 428 605 607 607 607

606 500 500 500 500

117

333 333 333

637 472 675

330

106

448

314 393 196 332 581 455 317 139 164

405

154

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Kucingan (J) Kucubung (S) Kudu (l, J, S) Kueni (1) Kukon·kukon (J) Kukuk (S) Kul (1) Kulan (1) Kuldi (1) Kulidawa (J) Kulim (1) Kulit lawang (1) Kulit manis (1) Kulit manis (S) Kulit zebra (S) Kulur (l, S) Kumak (1) Kuma·kuma (1) Kumbik (1) Kumbili jawa (J) Kumeli (S) Kumis kucing (1) Kumis lele (S) Kumis ucing (S) Kumkuma (1) Kumpai (l, S) Kumpas (1) Kumquat (1) Kumukus (J) Kumuning (J) Kumus (1) Kunci kunot (S) Kunci menir (l, S) Kunci pepet (1) Kunci pepet (J) Kundangan (1) Kundur (l, S) Kungki (1) Kungkil (1) Kungkuma (1) Kunir (l, J) Kunir bentis (J) Kunir putih (J) Kunir tinggang (S) Kunyir (S) Kunyit (1) Kunyit (S) Kunyit bolai (1) Kunyit putih (1) Kupa (l, S) Kupa beunyeur (S) Kupa gowok (S) Kupa lalay (S) Kupa landak (S) Kupa manuk (S) Kupa selong (S) Kuphea (1) Kuping badak (1) Kuping gajah (l, S) Kuping lawa (J) Kuping menjangan (1) Kuping tikus (1) Kupu-kupu (l, J) Kuranji (J)

462 652,658 612 40

686

240 164 645 592 695 518 385 382 382,384 227 468 139 707 283 377 377 375 687 375,675 707

4?1

Kurawet (S) Kurawet galeng (S) Kurkuma (1) Kurma (1) Kusambi (l, J) Kuweni (J) Kuwini (1) Kweni (l, J) Kwini (1)

58 51 707 117 637 40 40 40 40

L

Laban (J) Labu air (1) Labu ambon (1) Labu gambas (1) Labu jepang (1) Labu kendit (1) Labu merah (1) Labu panjang (1) Labu parang (S) Labu putih (1) Labu siam (1) Labuwai (1) Lada (l, S) Lada berekor (1) Lada merah (1) Lada panjang (1) Laikit (1) Laja (S) Laja gowah (S) Laketan (1) Laksana (1) Lalang (1) Laler mengeng (J) Lame areuy (S) Lame bodas (S) Lame kembang koneng (S) Lame sebrang (S) Lampaung (J) Lampenas (S) Lampeni (S) Lampes (l, J, S) Lampesan (l, J) Lampias (S) Lampuyang pait (S) Lampuyang ruum (S) Lampuyang wangi (S) Lamtoro (l, J) Lamuran (1) Lana (1) Landak (J) Landep (l, J, S) Landik (J) Langkoas (S) Langkuas (1) Langkuas malaka (1) Langon (J) Langsana merah (1) Langsat (l, J) Langsep (l, J) Lansat (1) Lantana (1) Laos (J)

423 240 239 244 244 240 239 240 239 240 244

69 538 537

654

198 622 537 628 272 719 719 719 719, 721

33

235 635 635 707 707 707 721 710 707 707

560

539 362 449,699 700 553 458 551 694 65

66

727 721 505 505 505

503

351 505 503 422 185 82 146 541 146,535 188, 189 196

65 69 482 139 139 374 369 374 722 723 723 461 636 9 351 1 1 139 699 700

380

206

449 449 449 692 699

Indeks Indonesia

155

Laos jambe (1) Laos Mekah (1) Larak (5) Larasetu (J) Larawastu (J) Larin (1) Larut (5) Lateng putih (J) Laurel (1) Laut (J) Leci (1) Leda (1) Legetan (1) Legetan (J) Legetan warak (J) Lejet (5) Leker (1) Lekonta (J) Lelatang (1) Lemanas (1) Lemasa (1) Lemba (1) Lembang (1) Lembega (1) Lember (5) Lembong nyidra (J) Lemiding (1) Lemo (5) Lempoyang (1) Lempuyang (l, J) Lempuyang badak (J) Lempuyang emprit (l, J) Lempuyang gajah (l, J) Lempuyang kapur (J) Lempuyang kebo (J) Lempuyang kecil (1) Lempuyang paek (J) Lempuyang pahit (1) Lempuyang wangi (l, J) Lemungsir (J) Lenga (1) Lengkeng (l, 5) Lengkuas (1) Lengsar (1) Leng-Iengan (J) Lenjuang (1) Lerak (l, J) Lerek (5) Letah bayawak (5) Letah buhaya (5) Letah hayam (5) Letah meyong (5) Letah uncàl (5) Leunca (5) Leunca badak (5) Leunca komir (5) Leunca manuk (5) Leunca pahit (5) Leungsir (5) Leyor (5) Uci (l, J, 5) Udah ayam (1) Udah badak (1) Udah buaya (1)

203 203 636 562

562 362 442 282 392

454

632 497 125 125, 380, 439 380 244 675 458 282

530

471 413 681 122 146

203

579 393 724 724 728 722 728 728 728 722 728 722 723 441 532

630

699 635

206

12

636 636

15 15,20 22,614 614 614 662 662 659 662 662 635 235 632 614 182 15,20

Udah mertua (1) Ukir (1) Uli payung (1) Umau asam (1) Umau besar (1) Umau hantu (1) Umau kedangsa (1) Umau nipis (1) Umau purut (1) Umus (5) Umus tipung (5) Undung (1) Ungua (1) Unjal (J) Unjik (l, J) Urang (J) Loaair (1) Lobak (l, J, 5) Lobak beureum (5) lobak cina (1) Lobak merah (1) Lobe-lobe (J) Lobi-Iobi (J, 5) Lobi·lobi asam (1) Lobi·lobi manis (1) Locari (J) Lof Brussel (1) Lof putih (1) Lokat (l, 5) Lokio (1) Lokwat (l, 5) Lomba (1) Lombok (l, J, 5) Lombok jempling (J) Lombok jemprit (J) Lombok rawit (J) Lonan (1) Lonang (1) Loncak (1) Longkio (5) Lontar (l, J, 5) Lontar utan (1) Lopang (5) Loraro (1) Lotus (1) Luban jawi (1) Lubi·lubi (1) Luffah (1) Luluwan sapi (J) Lumut badak (5) Luntas (l, J, 5)

15 675 254 618 620 621 624 618 621 38 38 245 337 85 91 101 476 171 172 171 172 350

350 350

351 427 131 131 590

408

590

540 654

655

655

655 45 45 662 408 102 107 242

588

510 674 350 242 367 489 141

M

Mabolo (5) Madang (1) Madang cemara (1) Madang kapas (1) Madat apiun (1) Mahkota raja (5) Mahoni (l, 5) Maja (l, J, 5) Maja galepung (J) Maja gedang (J)

278 444 565 394 527

583

452,453 617 617 617

156

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Maja lumut (J) Maja pait (J) Maja putih (1) Majakan (1) Majakane (l, J) Majakani (1) Majakeling (1) Mala (l, 5) Malai (1) Malapari (1) Malati (5) Malati kapir (5) Malowa (J) Mamam (l, J, 5) Mamang (1) Mamanggahan (5) Mandalaksa (J) Mandalika (1) Mandalika (J) Man(d)alika (5) Mandeleka (1) Mangga (1) Mangga bacang (1) Mangga binjai (1) Manggah (5) Manggis (l, J) Manggis hutan (1) Manggistan (1) Manggu (5) Manggu leuweung (5) Manggustan (1) Mangkokan (J) Mangoni (1) Mangsoi (5) Maninjo (l, J, 5) Manis jangan (J) Manisah (J) Manowa (J, 5) Manting (J) Maos (J) Maraningan (5) Marantl (5) Maranti beureum (5) Maranti jawa (5) Maranti kawang (5) Maranti tejo (5) Marasi (5) Mareme (5) Marica (J) Marijuana (1) Mariyos (J) Markisa (J) Markisa(h) (1) Markisat (J, 5) Markusa (5) Marsawa Borneo koneng (5) Masoi (1) Masoy (l, 5) Mata kucing (1) Matandauw (1) Matean (J) Matoa (l, 5) Matutunak (1) Maung (J)

617 617

223

348 348 348

224

361

394 335

519 653 45

206 206 133

211 472 414

44

434

39

38 37 219 217 219 219 217 219 93 452,453

389 359

39

382 531 45 617

504

448

270,272 274 271 275 276 413

299

538

202

538

531 529,531 531 531

263

389

389

630 352

22

635 90

287

Mayana (1) 378 Mayang (l, 5) 639, 644, 646 Mayang sondek (5) 645 381,390,400,444 Medang (1) 444 Medang (5) Medang busuk (1) 395 Medang kapas (1) 394 Medang kerupuk (1) 211 Medang kunyit (1) 395 Medang lesah (1) 387 Medang mangga (1) 397 Medang payung (1) 400 Medang resah (1) 387 387 Medang selaroh (1) Medaru (J) 630 Mekar sore (5) 513 Mekra (1) 582 Melabuai (1) 69 Melati (1) 519 Melati belanda (1) 653 Melati kapir (1) 653 Melati mentomorl (1) 653 Melinjo (l, J) 359 Meloh kiloh (J) 541 213,519,566,567,569 Melur (1) 213,567 Melur (J, 5) Memata (1) 310 38 Membacang (1) Memeniran (5) 308 Memenjing (J) 220 Mempelam (1) 39 474 Mempelas (1) Memutah (1) 297 215 Menaga (1) Menameng (1) 360 414,434,472 Mendeleka (1) Mendikai (1) 236 Mengerawan (1) 269 Menggaris (1) 198 Mengkaras (1) 679 Mengkreng (J) 654 612 Mengkudu (l, J) Meninjo (1) 359 Meniran (l, J) 308 Menjarum (1) 610 Menowan (J) 45 Mentangur (1) 215 Mentaruh (1) 297 Mentenam (1) 263 Menteng (l, 5) 289 Menteng hutan (1) 287 Mentengan (1) 287 Mentibu (1) 444 Mentimun (1) 238 Mentimun gajah merah (1) 528 Mentimun paya (1) 528 Menur (l, J) 519 Menuwa (J) 45 Menyan (1) 674 Meraga (1) 215 Merak·merakan (J) 190 Meranti (1) 274 Merawan (1) 269 Merbatu (J) 214

Indeks Indonesia

157

Merbau (1) Mergat (1) Merica (1) Mermut (8) Mersawa (1) Merunggai (1) Meselangan (1) Metir (J) Meurbo (8) Miana (1) Miju (1) Mimba (I,J) Mimosa (1) Mindi (J, 8) Mindi kecil (1) Mlati (J) Mojeng jengkul (1) Monstera (1) Mrica (J) Mudar (1) Mulwa (J) Muncang (8) Munder (J) Mundu (l, J, 8) Mundur (1) Munggur (J) Mungli (J) Murbei (1) Murbei gunung (1) Murbei kertas (1) Murbei kertau (1) Murbei telor ulat (1) Mutah (1)

197 101

538 530

263

484

504

461 197 378 328 447

462

450 450 519

460

Nona (8) Nona kapri (1) Nona makan sirih (l, 8) Nongko (1) Nusa indah (1) Nyamplung (l, J, 8) Nyampu gombor (J) Nyampung (1) Nyangkuh (J) Nyatuh (1) Nyatuh (J) Nyatuh (8) Nyatuh beringin (1) Nyiur (1)

45 45 688,689 470 613 215 397 215 413 639,643,644,646 639,644,646 644,646

645

106

0

Oblo (J) Oci-oci (J) Oncer (J) Oncet (8) Onje (J) Opium (1) Orang-aring (1) Orang-aring (J) Orang-aring (8) Orok sapi (J) Orok-orok (J) Otek (J) Otot-ototan (J) Oyam (1,8) Oyod belon (J) Oyod tike' balung (J) Oyod weron (J) Oyong (1) Oyong (8) Oyong lutah (1)

87

538

122

45

283

692 149 561 714, 716 527 136,686 144,686 686 317 317 560 541 285 319 614 261 241 241,242 242

340

218 218 218

466

153

600

602 473

482

601 297

N

Nagasaren (J) Nagasari rangkang (J) Nameng (1) Namu-namu (1) Nam-nam (l, J, 8) Nam.naman (J) Nanas (l, J) Nanas belanda (1) Nanas karang (1) Nanas kosta (1) Nanas sabrang (l, J) Nanggung (J) Nangka (l, 8) Nangka belanda (1) Nangka beurit (8) Nangka londo (J) Nangka Manila (J) Nangka sabrang (J) Nangka walanda (8) Narwastu (l, 8) Ndewi (J) Nenas (1) Ngadi rengga (J) Ngerawan (1) Nggarut (J) Nibung (1) Nilam(l) Nipah (1)

501 501 360,679 194 194 194 173 10 225 10 10 101 470 44 471 44 44 44 44 562 131, 132 173 694 269 442 116 379 115

P

Pacar air (1) Pacar banyu (J) Pacar cai (8) Pacar jawa (l, 8) Pacar keling (J) Pacar kuku (J, 8) Pacar tere (8) Pace (J) Pacean (8) Pacing (l, J, 8) Pacing tawa (1) Pacing tawa (J) Pacing tawar (8) Pacung (8) Padang cassia (1) Padi (1) Padi ketan (1) Padi pulut (1) Padma (1) Padma (J) Paitan (J) Pakel (J) Pakem (J) Pakis aji (J)

147, 148 147, 148 147, 148 425 156 425 147, 148 612

530

231

296

231,414 231 354 382 552 553 553 510 583

555

38 354 251,253

158

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Pakis anggrik (J) Pakis angkrik (J) Pakis arjuna (J) Pakis ata (J) Pakis bang (J) Pakis buah (J) Pakis buwah (J) Pakis dongol (J) Pakis galar (J) Pakis ijo (J) Pakis kawat (J) Pakis lumut (J) Pakis oleng (J) Pakis rambut (J) Pakis tahi (J) Pakis tanduk menjangan (J) Pakis urang (J) Pakis wilis (J) Pa(k)si (5) Paku badak (5) Paku bagedor (5) Paku beunyeur (5) Paku buah (l, 5) Paku buwah (5) Paku careham (5) Paku carehan (5) Paku ceker (5) Paku haji (1) Paku haji (5) Paku harupat (5) Paku hata (5) Paku hurang (5) Paku kawat (1) Paku kawat (5) Paku leuheur (5) Paku lumut (l, 5) Paku merak (1) Paku mukut (1) Paku padang (l, 5) Paku pandan (1) Paku papan (5) Paku pelandok (1) Paku pentol (5) Paku pohon (l, 5) Paku raja (1) Paku ramiding (1) Paku rane (5) Paku sagah (1) Paku sarang burung (1) Paku sayur (1) Paku sieur (5) Paku simpai (1) Paku sorog (5) Paku tanduk uncal (5) Paku tanjung (Q Paku tiang (1) Paku tihang (5) Paku tunggak (1) Paku uban (1) Paku udang (1) Pala (l, J, 5) Pala ambon (1) Palahlar (5) Palahlar endog (5)

575 575 251 647 579 575 575 253 251 574 421

648

251 647 252 577 579 574 529 253 251 574 575 575 575 575 578 253 251,253 576 647 575, 579 647 421 574 648 576 578 578 573 251 578 575 251 253 579

648

576 573 574 578 251 511 577 574 251 251 251 576 579 493 493 265 275

Palanding(an) (5) Palapi (1) Palasari (l, 5) Palem beureum (5) Palem kipas (J) Palem landak (5) Palem merah (1) Palem raja (l, 5) Palem sagu (l, 5) Pampung (J) Pampung alas (J) Panawar saribu (5) Pancal luhur (5) Pandan bebau (1) Pandan harum (1) Pandan laut (5) Pandan pasir (J) Pandan podak (1) Pandan pu(n)dak (l, J, 5) Pandan rampai (1) Pandan rampe (5) Pandan seungit (5) Pandan wangi (l, J) Panggang (5) Panggang cucuk (5) Panggang lembur (5) Panggang puyuh (5) Pangi (1) Pangkas kuning (1) Panglai (5) Panglai hideung (5) panili (1) Pantun (J) Papalaan (S) Papanggangan (5) Papaya (1) Papirus (1) Para (1) Parahulu (5) Paranji (J) Parasi (5) Parasman (5) Pare (J) Pare (5) Pare jawi (J) Pare ketan (5) Pare pahit (1) Pare pelus (J) Pare welut (J) Pari (J) Paria (l, 5) Paria belut (l, 5) Paria rinlil (5) Pasak bumi (l, 5) Pasak linga (1) Pasang (l, J, 5) Pasang batu (l, 5) Pasang kayang (5) Pasi (1) Patah kemudi (1) Patah tulang (1) Palat (5) Palat beti (5) Patat sagu (5)

461

669

64 108 113 116 108 119 114 59 59 188 29 525 525 526 526 526 526 525 525 525 525 96 96 96 95 354

690

727 726 522 552 590 96

208

254 300 701 196 413 128 243 552 245 553 243 245 245 552 243 245 245 649 448 347,349 348 349 529 137 296 441 441 442

Indeks Indonesia

159

Patikan cina (1) Patikim (J) Patma (1) Patma (J) Patramenggala (J) Patraseli (J) Patrawali (l, S) Pauh (1) Peeah beling (l, S) Pecah periok (1) Pecah piring (1) Pecai (l, J, S) Pecari (J) Pecari putih (J) Peciring (J) Pecut kuda (1) Pedaru (J) Pedes (S) Pedong (1) Pedusta hutan (/) Peeterseli (S) Pegagan (1) Pekaja (1) Pelaga (1) Pelalar lengo (J) Pelalar (J) Pelampong (1) Pelem (J) Peluluk (1) Pemanggil (1) Penaga (1) Penawar jambe (1) Penawar liIin (1) Penawar Iipan (1) Penawar seribu (1) Penggaga (1) Penjalin manis (J) Penjalin selang (J) Penjelang (J) Penjelangan (J) Pepare (1) Pepaya (1) Peperomia (/) Pepetosan (S) Per (1) Perah (1) Perai (1) Perasi (1) Perawas (1) Perbena (1) Peria (1) Peria belut (1) Periuk hantu (1) Periuk kera (1) Permot (S) Perupuk (1) Perupuk rawang (1) Perupuk talang (1) Petai (1) Petai cina (/) Petai selong (1) Petaling (1) Petata (1) Pete (l, J)

58 58 510 583 190 60 456

39

8 611 611 160 427 426 608

694 630 538 306

14 60 51 510 702 271 271 133

39

101 687 215 252

306 306

188 51 109 109 52 58 243

208

535

530

598 292

406

137

396

696 243 245 511 511

530

211 211 211

464

461 461 517 517

464

Pete cina (1) Pete jawa (J) Pete selong (1) Peterseli (1) Petey (S) Petir (J) Petokal (J) Petola (/) Petsai (1) Peusar (S) Peutag (S) Peuteuy (S) Peuteuy cina (S) Peuteuy selong (S) Philodendron (l, J, S) Picahbeling (1) Picung (S) Pidekan (J) Pijitran (1) Pinang (1) Pinang kelapa (1) Pinang 'sirih (1) Pingku (S) Pinus (l, S) Piopo (1) Pisang (l, J) Pisang apu(i) (1) Pisang badak (1) Pisang batu (1) Pisang benang (1) Pisang biji (1) Pisang hias (l, S) Pisang honje (1) Pisang hutan (1) Pisang jepang (1) Pisang kipas (1) Pisang klutuk (1) Pisang kole (1) Pisang kuali (1) Pisang Manila (1) Pisang serat (1) Pisang seribu (1) Pisang tanduk (1) Pisang tembatu (/) Pisangan (J) Pisitan (S) Pisitan monyet (S) Pitagi (1) Piterseli (1) Piulces (l, S) Piulces rambat (S) Piyung (1) Plamboyan (l, S) Pletik apo (J) Plokat (J) Poh (J) Poh (J) Poh ketek (J) Pohon Afrika (1) Pohon kaswari (1) Pohon keling (1) Pohon merah (1) Pohon saputangan (1) Pohon 80ga (1)

461 461 461 60

464

461 507 241 160 472 500

464

461 461 88 8

·354

283 317 100

99

100

448

533

59 491 488 489

486

492

486

362 487

485 489 673

486 485

362 492 492 487 490

486

680

449 448

503

60 357 355 351 195 60 398 39 671

603 584

209 156 295 199

200

160

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Pohpohan (S) Pohung (J) Poka (J) Pokat (1) Poko (1) Pokok karang (1) Pokok lalipan (1) Poksor (J) Polong genjah (J) Polong picis (J) Polong priangan (J) Pong tai hai (1) Pongporang (S) Portelseli (S) Poslen (S) Potrasoli (S) Pranji (J) Prasman (1) Prawas (1) Pre (J) Prepes (J) Pring (J) Pring petung (J) Pruim (l, S) Puar pelaga (1) Pucai (J) Pucang (1) Pucengan (J) Pucuk (l, J) Pucung (l, J, S) Puding (1) Pukat (1) Puki (S) Puki anjing (1) Pukul empat (1) Pulai (1) Pulasan (l, S) Pule (l, J) Pulus jalatong (S) Pulus matih (S) Pulut (1) Pulutan (J) Pulutan kebo (J) Pulutan sapi (l, J) Punaga (J) Pundung(an) (J) Pungpulutan (S) Pungpulutan awewe (S) Pungpurutan (l, S) Purba negara (J) Puring (l, J, S) Puring benggala (1) Purung (S) Purwa aceng (J) Purwacang (1) Purwajambu (J) Purwoceng (J) Purworoko (J) Puspa (l, J, S) Puspa midra (J) Puspa nyidra (J) Putat (l, J, S) Putat ayam (1) Puterseli (J)

684

304

666 398

370 70

306

Putrawali (l, J) Putri India (1) Putri malu (1) Putut (1) P!lyengan (J)

456 581 462

586

692

542

334 334 334

668

R

Racunan (J) Rades (l, J, S) Radi Ols (l, S) Raja gowah (S) Raja kumbala (J) Rajang (J) Rajapanah (J) Rajutan (S) Raksamala (1) Rambai (1) Rambai cengkuang (1) Rambeh (1) Rambia (1) Rambung (1) Rambutan (l, J, S) Rambutan cina (S) Rambutan gundul (1) Rami (1) Ramin (l, S) Ramogiling (l, S) Ramon jawan (J) Rampai (1) Randa bolong (S) Randa miang (S) Randa nunut (J) Rande (S) Randelik (J) Randu (l, J, S) Randu nagri (S) Rahe lumut (l, S) Rangam (1) Ranggitan (J) Rangkang (1) Rangu-rangu (J) Ranti (l, J) Ranti Bali (J) Ranti gendel (J) Ranti kenong (J) Rapia (1) Rapkol (1) Rara ayam (S) Rarawea (S) Rarawestu (J) Rasak (1) Rasamala (l, S) Ratna (1) Ratnapakaya (l, S) Rau (l, J) Rawe (1) Redani (J) Regetan (J) Regula (J) Rejasan (J) Rembega (1) Rembulung (J) Remek daging (S) 295

153

60

581

60

172 172 700 514 114 128

530

196 128 507 144 543 547 597 702

405

406

361 288

448

287 114 478

633 630 634

682

360

100 692 107

354

95

548

662

530

3,291

398

133, 134

380 648

194 194 416 66

634

462 157 301

648 659

66

683 683

553

28,614 437

534

439 439 439 215 287

439

662 659

659 659

439 439 138 291 295 291 63 63 280 63 280 678 204 204 401 401

60

118 165 27 329 562 276 361 30 30 34

330

454

686

430 287 122 114 4 161

Indeks Indonesia

Remek getih (J) Remet (S) Rempelas (l, J) Remujung (1) Remuk jung (J) Remungai (1) Rendeng (J) Rendet banyu (J) Reng(h)as (1) Rengas tembaga (J) Rengon (1) Rerek (S) Resah (1) Resak (1) Resula (J) Reundeu (S) Reundeu beureum (S) Reunghas (S) Rewolou (J) Ri gambas (J) Ri sirepan (J) Ri wanda (J) Riang-riang (1) Ribu (1) Ribu-ribu (1) Rimang (1) Ringitan (J) Rinu (S) Risi (1) Rombeh (S) Rontal (1) Rosan (J) Rosela (1) Rosrosan (J) Rotan cincin (1) Rotan getah (1) Rotan jernang (1) Rotan manan (1) Rotan manau (1) Rotan sega (1) Rotan taman (1) Roway bedog (S) Roway jaat (S) Roway katopes (S) Roway krupuk (S) Roway minyak (S) Roway peda (S) Ru (1) Rukam (1) Rukem (l, J, S) Ruku hutan (1) Ruku-ruku (1) Ruku-ruku hutan (1) Ruku-ruku rimba (1) Rumbia (1) Rumput bambu (1) Rumput banggala (1) Rumput belang (1) Rumput belulang (1) Rumput bolong-bolong (1) Rumput demoh (J) Rumput dempo (J) Rumput gajah (1) Rumput jajaba (1)

694

647 474 375 375

484

51,58 28 35 35 518

636

703 264,276 114 7 4 35

430

Rumput jalang (1) Rumput jampang (1) Rumput jarang-jarang (1) Rumput jarum (1) Rumput kerbau (1) Rumput kokosongan (1) Rumput kunyit (1) Rumput lembang (J) Rumput melian (1) Rumput mental (1) Rumput padi (1) Rumput pahit (1) Rumput pedali (1) Rumput Peking (1) Rumput tembaga (1) Rumput tiongkok (1) Rumput welulang (1) Rumput zebra (1)

67

550 28

610

555 282

560

681 9 370

548 555

226

564 554 682

549 227

183 462 185 570 537 647

666

S

Saber (S) Sabrang (S) Sadang (l, J) Sadeng (J) Sadri (S) Sadri jepang (S) Saduri (J) Saeh (S) Saga areuy (S) Saga betina (1) Saga biji (1) Sagacai (S) Saga leutik (S) Saga manis (S) Saga pohon (1) Saga telik (J) Sago (1) Sagu (1) Sagu Belanda (1) Sagu Betawi (1) Sagu tangkal (S) Sahang (1) Sahang (J) Saikit (1) Saintpaulia (1) Salada (S) Salada air (1) Salada Bogor (S) Salada cai (S) Salada Iiangan (S) Saladri (S) Salak (1. J. S) Salak minyak (S) Salam (1. J, S) Salam anjing (1. S) Salam belanda (1) Salatum tikin (1) Salatun (1) Saledri (S) Saledri jepang (S) Salira (S) Saliyara (S) Salpiah (S)

417

654

614 537 105 714 102 557

435

557 109 110 110 104 104 103 103 327

336

327 322,327 332 327

209

113 113 49 53 122 473 311 311 311 311 311 311 459 311 114 114 442 442 114 95 95,538

362

351 351

369

374

369

373 114

559

357 70, 140 170 140 170 59 49 120 111

504

554

227

549,550 282

63 63 556

392 392 58 58 49 53 616 692

380

550

162

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Salvia (1) Salyere (5) Sambang darah (1) Sambang getih (J) Sambau (1) Sambi (J) Samboja (J) Samboja cina (5) Sambolo (J) Samho (5) Samoja (5) Samolo (5) Sampeu (5) Sampeu karet (5) Sana (J) Sana kapur (J) Sana kembang (J) Sanakeling (J) Sanasungu (1) Sangal (1) Sangitan (l, 5) Sangkabuah (J) Sangketan (J) Sangklapa (1) Sanglir (J) Sangseri (5) Saninten (l, 5) Santam (1) Santan (1) Sapang (1) Sapanggil(1) Sapersi (1) Saraban (J) Saradan (J) Saradan kayu (5) Sarai (1) Sarangan (J) Sarap (J) Saray (l, 5) Sari pandak (J) Sari usit (J) Sarigading (1) Sarikaya (5) Sarirah (l, J) Sarirasa (5) Saroja merah (1) Sarsaparila (1) Saru (1) Sarunen sapi (J) Sasaladaan (5) Sasawi (5) Sasawi langit (5) Sata (J) Sauh (1) Sawai (1) Sawi (l, J) 5awi biji (1) Sawi hijau (1) Sawi lemah (J) Sawi putih (l, J) Sawi tanah (1) Sawirana (J) 5awi-sawi (1) Sawo (l,J, 5)

380

692

298

4 549 637 73 71,72 278 160 73, 74 278

304 305 337 337 337 318 318 267 207 541 369

608

280 27

346

124 528 191 687

409

95 351

350

105

346

4 105 541 458 520 46 616 46 510 651 247,248 125

534

166, 167 168

660 640

355

166 162 166 169 160 168 139 166

640

Sawo duren (1) Sawo durian (1) Sawo jawa (J) Sawo jawi (J) Sawo kadu (5) Sawo kecik (l, J) Sawo lalay (5) Sawo londo (J) Sawo Manila (l, J, 5) Sawo manuk (5) Sawo siyem (5) Sayur benggala (1) Sayur udang (1) Sabari (J) Sabeh (1,5) Sabulu (1) Sacang (l, J, 5) Sacerek (1) Sadah (J) Sadap malam (1) Sadawai (1) Sadawi (1) Sadep malem (5) Saderi (J) Sadingin (1) Sagawe (J) Sagawe sabrang (J) Sagawe saga (5) Sagel (J) Sagerat (J) Sakai (1) Sakapa (1) Sakar bopong (J) Sakas haji (1) Sakas jepang (l, 5) Sakeduduk (1) Sakul (5) Salada (1) Salada (J) Salada air (1) Salada kerup (1) Saladeri (1) Saladren (J) Salamtoro (J) Salaseh (1) Salasih (J, 5) Salasih besar (1) Salasih cina (1) Salasih cina (J) Salasih jambi (1) Salasih Mekah (l, J, 5) Salasih putih (1) Salasihan (l, J) Salat (J) Saldri (1) Salederi (1) Saledri (l, J) Saledri jepang (1) Salirang (1) Salong (J) Saludang (1) Salupan (1) Samalu (1) 5emanggi (1)

638 638 640 640 638 640

642 641 641 642

638 680 22

188

203,204 530

191 627

536

416,656 651 651 416 49 232 459 459

459

256 513

693 260 580

253 252

448 560

70, 140 140 170 140 49 59 461 372 372 373 373 373 373 373 372 387 140 49 49 49 53 616 461 361 519 462 58,443

Indeks Indonesia

163

Semanggi (J) Semanggi (S) Semangka (l, J, S) Semangka Belanda (1) Semangka rondo (J) Semantok (1) Semar (J) Semboja (l, J) Semboja merah (1) Sembung otot (J) Semikir (J) Semprit (l, J, S) Sempur (l, J) Sena (1) Sendok keling (S) Senduduk (1) Senggang bener (S) Senggang beureum (S) Senggang bodas (S) Senggang cucuk (S) Senggang itik (S) Senggang tangkal (S) Senggani (J) Sengkawang (1) Sengkuang (1) Sengon landi (J) Sengon laut (J) Sengon londo (J) Sengon sabrang (J) Sengon (1) Sengon (J, S) Senitra (J) Sentada (1) Sente (l, J, S) Sentolong (J) Sentul (l, J, S) Sepang (1) Sepat (J) Sepatu nona (1) Sepersi (1) Sepukau (1) Serai li) Serai gulai (1) Serai wangi (1) Serasa (1) Serat henep (1) Serdang (l, S) Sere (l, J) Seregan (J) Sereh (S) Sereh walang (S) Seri (1) Serigading (1) Serikaya (1) Serira (1) Serkaya (J) Seroja merah (1) Sertong (1) Seru (J) Seruni (1) Sesawi (1) Sesawi langit (S) Sesawi putih (1) Sesawi tanah (1)

58

443

236

237 237 273 14 73 74 541 133

366

256 337

224,277 446

23 23,26

23 25

24 29 446

275 34,331

463 463 463 463 463,466 466 203 568

78 514 451

191

285

154

409

473

546 546 546 536 202

113

546 614 546

545

595,596 520

46

616

46

510 70

678 130 166 168 160 168

Seslra (1) Setanda (1) Setawar (1) Seureuh (S) Seureuh rlnu (S) Seuseukeutan (S) Seuteum (S) Si hati yesus (1) Sianggit (1) Siantan (1) Sicerek (1) Sidaguri (J) Sidingin (1) Sidowak (J) Sigando (1) Sigi-sigi (1) Sikat botol (1) Sikeduduk (1) Sikejut (1) Siklok (1) Simbar agung (1) Simbar menjangan (J) Simbar merah (J) Simpoh (1) Simpol (J) Simpur (1) Sindutan (J) Singkawang (1) Singkong (l, S) Singkong karet (1) Sintok (l, S) Sintok badak (S) Sinyoh (l, S) Sirih (1) Sirsak (1) Sirsak (S) Sisal Jawa (1) Siwalan (l, J) Siadah (J) Siadanan (J) Slangking (J) Siedri (J) Siok raja mantri (S) So (J) Soga (l, J, S) Soga jawa (J) Soka beureum (S) Soka merah (1) Solasih (S) Solo (J) Somba keling (J) Sondai (S) Songga langit (J) Sonobrits (1) Sonokeling (l, S) Sonokembang (1) Sorian (1) Sorog. raja mantri (S) So80r bebek (J) Sowa (S) Spathodea (1) Spersis (l, S) Sri awan (1) Srigading (1)

616

568

231

536 537

614

656

83 126

610 627

122 232

144

405

204

495

446 462

11

577 577

573 256

48

256

464

273,275

304 305 399

387 690

536

44 44

11

102

140 534

369

49 514

359 200 191

610 610

372

214

156

645

144

318 318

337 454 511

232 61

154

409

220 520

164

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Srlkawis (J) Srlkaya (l, J, S) Srlkonta (J) Srirejeki (l, S) Srunen (J) Sruni (J) Stek ngareuy verbena (S) Stip (n)yongen (l, S) Suangkung (S) Sudayah (1) Sudo (J) Suduayah (1) Sudukan (J) Sudu-sudu (l, S) Sugl-sugl (1) Suha (S) Su]en trus (J) Suji (S) Sukan (1) Sukawang leutik (S) Suket celulang (J) Suket londo (J) Suket lulangan (J) Suket ngawan (J) Suket welulang (J) Sukun (l, J, S) Sulatri (J) Sulbin (J) Sulinga (S) Suluh (J) Sumengit (1) Sundal malam (1) Sundel malam (J, S) Sundik (S) Sungkai (1) Sungkeh (J) Sungsit (J) Suntan (J) Supa bunteli (S) Supa geunduk (S) Supa lember (S) Supa pare (S) Suplir (l, S) Surawung (S) Suren (l, J, S) Surian (1) Surikaya (J) Suripandak abang (J) Sursak (1) Suru bebek (J) Suruh (J) Suruhan (J) Sustrum (1) Susudu (J) Susuru (J) Susuru (S) Suuk (S) Suwangkung leutik (S) Suweg (l, J, S)

46 46 458 144 130

696

690

n

99 72 259 72 168 293 . 533 720 1 14 376 105 549

554

549

548

549

468

215

466

366

214 369 416 416 645 693 693 458 615 698 698 146 698 572 371,372 454 454 46

63

44 232

536 534

656 293 293

296

312 105 80

T

Taban merah (1) Taban putih (1)

643 643

Taban sutera (1) Tabat barito (1) Tabu kayu (1) Tagetes (1) Tagoni (S) Tahi ayam (1) Tai angin (l, S) Tai hayam (S) Tai kotok (S) Tailan beuti (l, S) Taji (1) Taji (J) Taka laut (1) Takokak (S) Tai (J) Talanan (1) Talas (1) Tales (J) Tales perak (1) Taleus balitung (S) Taleus bolang (S) Taleus daun bodas (S) Taleus hideung (S) Taleus klir (S) Taleus lahun indung (S) Taleus lempuy (S) Taleus perak (S) Taleus renda (S) Taleus sente (S) Tali morea (1) Talik adep (J) Tampang (1) Tampu rengat (1) Tampunai (1) Tamtam (1) Tancang (J) Tanduk menjangan (1) Tanduk rusa kaktus (l, S) Tanggeris (1) Tangguli (J) Tangkal aseum (S) Tangkal bencoy(S) Tangkal daun (S) Tangkal karet (S) Tangkal kina (S) Tangkalak (S) Tangkatang (1) Tangkil (S) Tangkil sake (S) Tangkue (1) Tangoh (S) Tangtang angin (S) Tanjang (J) Tanjung (l, J, S) Taosit (J) Tapak dara (1) Tapak dara (J) Tapak kuda (1) Tapak siring (l, S) Tapos (l, S) Taratai (Q Tarate (J, S) Tarawulu (S) Taren (S)

4n

643

151 142

680

142,692

356

692 692 422 568 565,568 675

666

102

674 85 85

84 91

85

5n

84 91 83 91 79 84 87 78 445 613 472 601 472 124 586

180 198 193 201 289 115

300

604 397 230 359 359 235 52 29

280,586

642 458 67 67,648 230 512 292 510 510 455 101

Indeks Indonesia

165

Tariti (8) 197 Taritih (8) 214 Tarompet (8) 513 Tarum (1,8) 325 Tarum akar (1) 124 Tarum areuy (8) 124 Tasbeh (8) 204 Tasbih (1) 203 Tataleusan (8) n Tatamba(n)gan (8) 67, 169 Tataruman (8) 363 Tawulu (8) 455 Tayuman (J) 188 Tebu (l, J) 557 Tebu endog (J) 558 Tebu ikan (1) 558 Tebu telur (1) 558 Tebu trubuk (J) 558 Tecoma (1) 155 Tegerat (J) 513 Teh (l, J) 6n Teja (J) 386 Teki sabrang (J) 367 Tekik (J) 565 Tekokak (1) 666 Tekur (8) 720 Tela (J) 229 Tela jabut (J) 304 Tela pohung (J) 304 Tela rambat (J) 229 Telasih (J) 372 Telasihan (J) 387 Telepok (1) 515 Telinga tikus (1) 146 Telo (J) 304 Telotog (J) 413 Tembakau (1) 660 Tembako (J) 660 Tembelekan (1) 692 Tembelek(an) (J) 692 Tembesi (1) 391 Tembesu (J, 8) 418 418 Tembesu paya (1) 418 Tembesu rawang (1) Tembesu renah (1) 418 Tembikai (J) 236 Tembulu (J) 114 Tembusa jantan (J) 616 Temen-temen handeuleum (8) 3 Temigi kasar (J) 280 Temou (1) 216 Temponek (1) 472 Tempuh wiyang (1) 137 Tempuh wiyang (J) 137, 139 Tempunai (l, 8) 472 Tempuyung (l, J) 169 Temu alas (1) 715 Temu badur (J) 709 Temu bajangan (J) 708 Temu bayi (l, J) 711 710,711 Temu blenyeh (J) Temu erang (1) 705 Temu giring (l, J) 706 708,710,711 Temu glenyeh (J)

Temu hitam (1) Temu ireng (l, J) Temu kunci (l, J, 8) Temu kuning (1) Temu kunir (J) Temu kunyit (1) Temu lalab (l, J) Temu lawak (J) Temu lawas (1) Temu mangga (l, J) Temu poh (J) Temu putih (1) Temu putih (J) Temu putih (J) Temu putri (1) Temu putri (J) Temu reng (J) Temu tis (l, J) Temukus (1) Temung (1) Tenam (1) Tengah (1) Tengar (1) Tengeh (8) Tengik (1) Tengkawang (1) Tentulang jantan (1) Tepung tawar (8) Tepus sigung (8) Terang bulan (1) Terap (1) Teratai (l, J) Teratai amazon (1) Teratai tampir (1) Terep (1) Teres (J) Terong (l, J, 8) Terong belut (J) Terong belanda (1) Terong cina (1) Terong engkol (l, 8) Terong gayung (8) Terong hitam (1) Terong kalapa (8) Terong kopek (8) Terong menen (8) Terong perus (1) Terong pipit (1) Terong sabrang (J) Terong susu (l, 8) Terongan (J) Terubuk (1) Tespong (8) Tetambak merah (1) Tetean (J) Teterapan (J) Tetimun (1) Teure (8) Teureup (8) Thuya (1) Tikel balung (1) Tikim (1) Tikusan (l, J) Timbul (1)

705 705

704

707 707 707 708 712 712 708 708 713, 721 708 713 709 709, 721

706

710

537

627

263 587 587

224

467

275

306

231 715

690 469

510,515 516 516

469

232

665

666

657

663 663 663 662 663 663

657 657

666

659

664 666 558

59 137

2

692

238

232

469

250 296 58

627

468

166

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Timpuhyung (J) Timun (l, J, 5) Timun dendang (1) Tingi (J) Tisuk (l, 5) Tiwu (5) Tiwu endog (5) Tiwu tirubus (5) Tluntas (J) Tobil (J) Tobol (5) Tokai (J) Tolod (5) Tolok (1) Tom (J) Tomas (5) Tomat (l, J, 5) Tombo (J) Tomeh (1) Tongo (5) Tongtak (5) Trangkil (J) Trate (J) Trawas (l, 5) Trawulu (5) Trengguli (l, J) Trengguli wangwang (J) Trikancu (J) Trus (J) Tuba (l, 5) Tuba akar (J) Tuba jenu (J) Tufah (1) Tuju degen (J) Tukas (1) Tulak (J) Tumbar (J, 5) Tumbaran (J) Tumpangan (1) Tumu (1) Tunak (1) Tuncar (5) Tundak (l, S) Tundun (5) Tunjung (1) Tupa (1) Turalak (5) Turi (l, J, 5) Turubus (5) Tusam (1) Tuwa laleteng (5) Tuwa laleur (5)

417 238

529

587

433

557

558 558

141

369

724 507 22 326 325 291

659

540

270 139 724 359 510

396

455 193 193 188 2 319 319 319 592 232 105 3 52 56 686

586 90

Ubl kenduduk (1) Ubl kentang (1) Ubi landak (1) Ubi manis (1) Ubi menjangan (1) Ubi pasir (1) Ubi Perancis (1) Ubi sunda (1) Uceng·ucengan (J) Ucen-ucen (J) Ucet (J) Udani (1) Ulam raja (1) Ulan raja (1) Ulin (1) Umek (1) . Upan-upan (J) Upas (1) Urang-aring (1) Urang-aring (J) Urang-aring (5) Uribang (1) Usar (l, 5) Usen-usenan (J) Uwi (J) Uwi gandul (J) Uwi kata (J) Uwi kentang (J) Uwi klapa (J) Uwi legi (J) Uwi manis (J) Uwi 5ingapur (1)

257 667 259 257 257 262

304

262

540

602

333

221 133 133 391 139

28

467 136,686 136 136, 144,686

434

562 602 257 258 258 667 257 257 257 258

V

Verbena (l, 5) Vortel (1) 696

55

W

Wadang (J) Waerut (J) Walang (l, 5) Walang (J) Walang anjing (5) Walang geni (5) Walang katuncar (5) Walang sengit (5) Walangan (1) Walangi (1) Walik adep (J) Walini (1,5) Walini payung (5) Walisongo (5) Waloh (J) Waluh (l, J, 5) Waluh bodas (5) Waluh deleg (J) Waluh gambas (5) Waluh jepang (1) Waluh kenti (J) Waluh panjang (5) Waluh siyem (l, 5) Walung (J)

52

90 633

510 286 48 338

558 533

319 319

U

Ubar (1) Ubar serai (1) Ubi aung (1) Ubi duri (1) Ubi jalar (1) Ubi jendral (1) Ubi kayu (1) Ubi kelapa (1) Ubi Kembili (1)

500 504

259 262 229

304 304

257 377

670 442 717 670 56 56 56 56 56 56 613 681 254 95 239 239 240 240 244 244 240 240 244 220

Indeks Indonesia

167

Walur (J) Wangsa (J) Warejit (S) Wareng (J, S) Waringln (l,J, S) Waron (J) Waru (l, J, S) waru gombong (J) Waru gunung (l, S) Waru kopek (J) Waru laut (J, S) Waru lenga (J) Waru lengis (J) Waru Iisah (J) Waru rangkang (J) Watesan (J) Watu (S) Waung (J) Wawalingiyan (S) Wedani (l, J) Wedusan (J) Welis(J) Werak (J) Weregu (S) Werejit (S) Wersah (J) Wertel (J) Wertol (J) Werung(an) (J) Wewehan (J) Weweyan (J) Wi adyaJ (J) Widara (l, J) Widuri (l, J, S) Wijayakusuma (l, J, S) Wijen (l, J, S) Wileran (J)

80

47 297 691 479

430

436,437 438 438 438 437 437 437 437 437,438

236 532

692 681 221 126 214

636

118 297 703

55 55

Wilus (J) Witasem (J) Wit grintul (J) Wit kuda (J) Wit racun (J) Wohan (J) Wola waliyan (J) Wora-wari (J) Wordi (J) Wortel (l, J) Wrakas (J) Wresah (J) Wudani (1) Wuluan (J) Wuluh (J) Wungli (J) Wungu (J) Wuni (l, J, S) Wuru (1) Wuru (J) Wuru dedek (J) Wuru kunyit (J) Wuru lilin (J) Wuru pinggang (J) Wuru sintok

261 201

359

36

295

100 701

434 366 55

349 703 221 214 153 3,423

284 568

381

400

395 395

394

287

399

Y

Yasmin (1) Yute (1)

261 417,580 580 261

585

519

680

Z

labrina zebra (1) Zinnia (1)

122 514

532

227 145

692

168

Economie Plants of 1 ndonesla

French Index

Indeks Perancis

Index Français

A

Abaca Abricotier Abrus à chapelet Abutilon Acacia de Farnèse Acacia de Ternate Acacie Acajou Acajou bâtard Ache Ache persil Acmelle Acore odorant Adambé glabre Adiant(h)e Africaine Agalloche Agalloche d'Amboine Agaric Agathis indien Aguillon Ahouai des Antilles Ahouai des Indes Aigrette de paon Ail commun A1anguillan A1ang-alang A1lamanda Aloès Alternante Amandier Amandier de la Martinique Amandier des Indes Amaranthe Amaranthe tricolore Amarantine globuleuse Amarantine violette Ambérique Amboine Ambrette Ambrévade Amome à feuilles larges Amome sauvage Anacardier Ananas Ananas d'eau Aneth doux Anet(h) Anguine à fruits longs Anicet Anil Anis Anis âcre Anis bâtard Anis officinal Anis puant Anis vert Anisoptère Annato Anone Anone écailleuse Ansérine maritime

492 594 311 431 458 458

463

32,452 453 49 60 125 76 423 572 142

298

297 698 97 47 75

68

190 407 47 551

65

20 21 593

222 222

24 26 30 30 341,342 337 430 313 713 728 32 173 89 57 61 245 62 325 63 54 50 62 61 62 263 156 45

46

Antaque Antiar Antidesme Arachide Aranga Arbre à benjoin Arbre à gutta Arbre à l'huile Arbre à pain Arbre à papier Arbre à pluie Arbre à quinine Arbre à savon Arbre à soie Arbre au sagou Arbre corail Arbre de paternoster Arbre de pongolete Arbre de safran Arbre de soie Arbre de vie de Chine Arbre du voyageur Arbre immortel Arbre triste Arec cachou Aren Areng Aréquier Arrowroot Arrowroot de Tahiti Arrowroot du Queensland Arum vénéneux Asperge Aster Astère Attier Aubergine Avelline purgatif Avocat marron Avocatier Avounvo Ayapana Azalée Azédarac ailé Azédarac du Japon

327

467 284

312 352 674 645

265 468

473

4ô6 604

636

122 114

450

303

335 638 353

250 673 320,321 520 100 101 101 100 442 675

203 86 409

127 127

46

665

303

395,397 398 27 128 281 447 450

B

Badamier Bagages à collier Balata Balau Balisier Balisier comestible Ballote camphrée Balsa Balsamine Balsamine camellia Balsamine des jardins Bambou Bambou géant Banane cochon Banane corde Banane du Paradis

222

75 642 268,273

204 203 369

159 148 147 147

543

213

547 490 492 490

Index français

171

Bananier Bananier à graines Bananier nain Bananier plantain Bancoulier des Moluques Bangkirai Banglang Banian Baquois Barbadine Barbiflore Barbon nard Barrelière Baselle blanche Basilic Basilic des moines Basilic en arbre Batai Bauhine Bauhinie Bayur Bégonia Bégonie Bel indien Belangeran Belian Belle de nuit Belle mexicaine Belo Ben oléifère Bénincasa Benné Benuang Bétel Bette commune Betterave Bevilacqua Bibassier du Japon Bigarade Bigarreautier Bignone d'Inde Bihai Bilian Bilimbi Bintangor Bintangur Blanchette Blé de Turquie Blette épineuse Blimbing Bois amer Bois canot Bois dartre Bois de banane Bois de camphre Bois de corail Bois de corne fétide Bois de fer de Bornéo Bois de fer de Sumatra Bois de fer de Ternate Bois de l'évêque Bois de lait Bois de liège Bois de pêche

491

486 489

490 283 272 423 481 525,526 531 375

546

1 149 372 371,374 373

463

188 188 670 150 150 617 270 391 416.513 570

635 484

235 532 255

536

212 212

58

590 619 595 153 362 391 523 215 215 213

563

Bois de pieu Bois de pintade Bois de pissenlit Bois de quassie Bois de râpe Bois de rose Bois de sappan Bois de saule Bois de soie Bois de table Bois de vache Bois doux de Guadeloupe Bois du diable Bois d'absynthe Bois d'agati Bois d'aigle de Malacca Bois d'éponge Bois d'oiseau Bois flot Bois macaque Bois papaye Bois plié bâtard Bois puant Bois serpent Bois tatamaka Bois zozo Bougainvillier Bouquet soldat Bouton de bachelier Brède caya Brède chevrette Brède cresson Brède cresson de Para Brède de Malabar Brède d'Angole Brède d'emballage Brède malabare Brède moutarde Brède noire Brésillet des Indes Brindonnier Broccoli Brugmansia Brunsfel Budlège d'Asie Buis de Chine Buisson ardent de Malabar Bukal

635

610 155

650

474 318 191

636

353 669 94 465

301

650 338

679

94

394,395 159

460 94 653

671 419 215 394 512 121 30

206

22

170 125 23 149

22

25 523

650

25 166 662 191 217 163 652 653 174 628 610 642

C

Caboche Cabus Cacaoyer Cachiman Cachiman épineux Cachou pâle Caetier du Pérou Caféier arabica Caféier Iiberica Caféier robusta Caimitier Cainitier Cajan

215 192 47 387 459 671 391 418 352 73 159,437

609 290

164 164 672 45 44 615

1n

605 607 606

638 638

313

172

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Cajeputier Calaba Calabure Caladium Calalou Calamac Calambac Calathea Calebassier Calophylle Calou Camara à feuilles de mélisse Cambare rouge Camiri Campêche sappan Camphrier Cananga Canari Canéqui Canna Canne à sucre Canne à sucre d'Egypte Canne à sucre sauvage Canne aromatique Canne de jonc Canne de Madère Canne séguine Cannelier casse Cannelier de Ceylan Cannelier de Chine Cannelier de Java Cannelier doux Cannelier du Malabar Cantala Caoutchouc du Para Caoutchouc d'Assam Capoc Câprier Capur d'Indonésie Carambolier Carambolier à fruits ronds Ca~damome à grape Cardamome de Java Carmentine peinte Carotte Carthame des teinturiers Carvi Caryote Cassave Casse ailée Cassie blanc Cassier Casuarine Céara Cédratier Cèdre mahagony Céleri Célestine Célosie Centrosème Cerise du Surinam Cerisier acide Cerisier de Cayenne Cerisier des bois

506

215

353 83,84 428

332

297,679

440

151,240 215 428

692

257

283

191

383

47 175 642

204 557

559 559 76

681 86 86 384 388 384 3eS

382 384

10

300

478 157

205

266

524 307 702

703

3 55 129

50

105

304

192

461 458

209,210 305 624 453 49 126 27 315

184

596

503

595

Cerisier des oiseaux Cestreau Cestron Chaddec Champac à fleurs blanches Champac à fleurs jaunes Champedak Champignon chinois Chanvre de Bombay Chanvre de Gambo Chanvre de Guinée Chanvre de Manille Chanvre de Saigon Chanvre du Bengale Chanvre du Deccan Chanvre indien Chardon-étoile Chêtaigner de Java Chayotte Chébula Chêne Chêne à la noix de galle Chêne des teinturiers Chengal Chéramelier Chevelure Chicorée à café Chicorée blanche Chiendent patte de poule Chou cabus Chou cara·lbe Chou chinois Chou de Chine Chou de faffe Chou pommé Chou rave Chouchou Chou-fleur · Christophine Chrysanthème Ciboule Ciboulette Cierge Cierge du Pérou Cierge épineux Cinchone Ciprier Citron combara Citron de Malte Citronelle Citronnier Citronnier acide Citronnier des Antilles Civette Cléome Clérodendron Cocotier Cocotier de mer Coeur de boeuf Cognassier du Bengale Coignassier de Chine Coleus à tubercules Coleus d'Amboine Colibri végétal

595

656 656 620

426 427 471

146 433 433 433

492

682 680 433 202 56 346 244

223

349 348 348

267 307 572 132 131

549

164 85,91,119

160 160 232

164 165

244

163 244 130

404 408

1n 1n

604

176

102 621 624

546

623 624 618

408 206

687,688

106

102 45 617 279 3n 376

338

Index français

173

Colocase Colza Combarée fine Concombre Condori commun Conghas Coracan Cordyline Corète capsulaire Coriandre Corne de cerf Corne d'élan Corossolier Cosmos Costus arabique Cotonnier Coulilaban Coulilavan Courge bouteille Courge cireuse Courge musquée Courge serpent Courge torchon Cousses Cousse-couche Cresson Cresson alénois Cresson cultivé Cresson de fontaine Cresson d'eau Cresson d'Inde Cressonnette Crête de coq Crételle à épis larges Crételle des Indes Crinole Crotalaire Croton panaché Crustolle Cryptomeria Cubèbe Cumin Cumin des prés Cumquat Cuphea Curcas noir Curculige Curcullgine Curcuma long Curcuma rond Curcuma zédoaire Cuscute Cyathée Cycas Cycas du Japon Cynomètre cauliflore Cyprès Cyprès commun Cyprès funèbre

85

162

262 238

637

550

459

12

680 52

578 5n 44 134 231

432 385 385

240

23S 239

245 242

439

2S7

534

167 167 170 170 168 167 27

550

Dahlia Dalbergie à grandes feuilles Damarblanc Dartler Dattier Datura d'Egypte Datura méte' Dentelaire Dent-de-lIon Derris Diali des Indes Dictame royal Dillénle Diplazie Diptérocarpe Dita Dolic bulbeux Dolique Dolique asperge Dolique lablab Doradille à feuilles de bananier Doukou Dourian Oracaena Dragonnier Dragonnier de Chine Dryobalanops Durante Durian Durion Dyera

135 318 97 192 117

658 658

542 143 319 196

306

256 574,575

265

66

331 345

345

327 573 449 158 13 13, 110 12

266 690

158 158

69

E

Ebène de Ceylan Ebène de Macassar Ebène des Moluques Ebénier des montagnes Ebonite Echalote Eclipte blanche Ecuelle d'eau Elengl Eleutherine Endive Ephémère de Virginie Ephémérine Epinard de Malabar Epinard de N-Z Epinard d'Amérique Epinard épineux Epiphyl/e Eponge végétale Erima Eryngion fétide Erythrine des Indes Eupatoire bleue Euphorbe de Malabar Euphorbe des anciens Euphorbe écarlate Euphorbe effilée Evi

549 412 317 291 5 676 393,537 54 622 422 302 413 413 707 704 713 565 251

253 252

278 2n

463

189 391 402 136 58 367 131 226 149 17 149 25 178, 179 241,242 255 56 320,321 126

296 226

50

642

194 247 248 246

293 295

296

D

Dachine Dah

41

85

433

174

Economie Plants of 1 ndonesia

F

Fafetone faux bois de soie Fantzane Fausse cannelle Faux aneth Faux bois d'aigle Faux cerisier de Chine Fauxlpécacuanha Faux jalap Faux mangoustan (ier) Faux manguier Faux safran Faux sycomore Fenouil Fenouil bâtard Fenouil fétide Fenouil puant Feuille du diable Fève créole Fève des marais Féverolle commune Figue d'Adam Figue-caque Figuier à feuilles striées Figuier de Barbarie Figuier des pagodes Figuier d'Inde Figuier élastique Figuier polissoir -Filao de l'Inde Filipendule aquatique Flambeau du Pérou Flamboyant Flêche d'eau Flêchière Fleur de paradis Fleur de Rome Fonio Fortunelle Fotete Fougère arborescente Fraisier Framboise marronne Framboisier de Java Franchipanier blanc Franchipanier rouge Frangipanier blanc Frangipanier rouge Fruit de la passion Fruit du mabola

122 575

384

54 297

394

121 416,513 451

68

129 450 57 61 61 61

683

332

340 340

490 279 479 183 481 183 478 474

209

59 177 195 18 18,19 190 142

550 622

23 251 591 602 601 73 74 73 74 529 278

Garou de Malacca Gaulthérie Gboma Genévrier de Chine Géor Gerunggang Gingely Gingembre Gingembre cassumunar Gingembre sauvage Ginseng Giroflier Glaïeul Gliricidia Gloire des acacias Gloxinia Gmelin Gnet Gombo Gommier peau d'oignon Gomphrène globuleuse Gouet séguin Gourde Goyavier Grain de cheval Granadilla Grand galanga Grand millet Grand plantain Grande tayove Grassette Grenadier Grenadille Griottier Gros lastron Gros mil Gros mOrier Groseiller des Antilles Grosse anghive Grosse mandarine Grosse navette Guignier Gutta-percha

679 280

663

249 297 216

532

725 727 728 92 498

368

322 195 691

358 359

428

338 30 86

240 507

329

531

699

561 541 78 234

582 529 596

139 561 184

663

483

626 162 595 643

H

Haricot commun Haricot de Uma Haricot dolique Haricot doré Haricot du Cap Haricot kilomètre Haricot mètre Haricot mungo Haricot riz Haricot sabre Haricot vert Haschich Hélianthe Héliconie Henné Herbe à chapelets Herbe à éléphant Herbe à Kaempfer

333

G

Galanga de Java Galanga de Kaempfer Galanga d'Inde Galant Gambier Gandasuli à bouquets Garance indienne Garcinie des Célèbes Gardène Gardenia

699

332 345 342 332 345 345 341,342

344

720 699

656

314 202 138 362 425

544 556

333

615 718 614 217

609 609

721

Index français

175

Herbe au chagrin Herbe aux fllches Herbe caille Herbe de castor Herbe de fer Herbe de Guinée Herbe du buffle Herbe d'Amboine Herbe d'amour Herbe d'emballag6 Herbe hirondelle Hérisson rouge Héritière Hévéa Hibiscus Hibiscus musqué Hippeastrum Hortensia Hoya Hure crépitante Hydrocotyle asiatique

308

309 56 554 683 680

442 144

Jelutong Jequlrlty Jhlntang Jonc odorant Jongkong Joubarbe Jujubier d'Inde Jute

69

311 36 76

444

233,234

585

680

462 22 122

439 669

300

K

Kadam Kaempférie Kaki Kapok Kapokier de Java Kapulasan Kasal Kempas Kénaf Kerandji Ketmie Katmie à feuilles de manioc Ketmie acide Ketmie comestible Ketmie de Chine Ketmie musquée Ketmie rose Krabak Kulim Kumquat Kusambi Kussam 603

436 430

415

365

719 279 157 157

634

635

123 301 58

198

433

196 436 429

435

Igname afou Igname ailé Igname bulbifère Igname de Chine Igname sauvage Immortelle globuleuse Impatiente Imperata Impérate Indigotier Inocarpe comestible lpécac sauvage lpécacuanha bâtard Ipo vénéneux Ipomée pied de chèvre Irésine Iris tigré Ixore. Ixore écarlate

259 257 258 257,259

260

428

434

30 147, 148 551· 551

325 326

518 622 637 637

430 435 263

121 121,306

467

L

Lagerstrémle Laitron Laitue Languas Langue de boeuf Langue de Chine Lansium Lantana à feuilles de mélisse Larmes de job Larmes du Christ Lastron Laucène glauque Laurelie Laurier Laurier à camphre Laurier d'Alexandrie laurier rose Laurier rose d'Inde Laurier rouge Laurier-sauce Laurier-soie Lerrion grass Lentille Uane à gratter Uaneà lait Uanecorail Uane de bedeau Uane laiteuse

230 31 611 610

366

424 139 140

699

573 434 449 692

544 544

J

Jacaranda Jacinthe des Indes Jacinthe d'eau Jacquier Jalousie Jambose de Malaque Jambosier à angles aigus Jambosier de Micheli Jambosier de Semarang Jambosier rouge Jamelac Jamelongue Jamelonier Jarul Jasmin des Indes Jasmin du Cap Jasmin d'Arabie Jatropha multifide

152 416

580

470 26, 147 502 401 502 502 499 499 423 1

608,609 503 509

139 461 72 392

383

215 72 71 74 392

400

545 328

330

519

303

570 311

65

65

176

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Uane réglisse Uane torchon Uane vermifuge Ulas de Chine Ulas des Indes Ume acide Uquidambar Us sauvage Us tigré Useron d'eau Utchi Utchi chevelu Ut* Uusln Longan Longanier Lontar Loquat Lotus sacré Lycopode Lygodier Lygodium

311 241 221 447,450 618 361 411

366 228 632 633 396

450

214

630 630

102

590

510 421 647 647

M

Macata Macoucou Mahagony à grandes feuilles Mahagony à petites feuilles Mahonie Mahot Mahot franc Maïs Maïs d'eau Majagua Majongga Malas Mammer Mandarinier Manglier Mangoustan des Célèbes Mangoustan sauvage Mangoustanier Mangtan Manguier Manguier fétide Manguier laiteux Manioc Marante arundinacée Margousier Margousier Marie baise Marie-gougeat Marie-tambour Marijuana Marjolaine rouge Marsdénia Marsilea Masse de jonc Massette des étangs Massoy Matoa Medang Médecinier

190

638

452 453 452,453 436 437

563

516 437 256 352 45 626

588,589

217 451 219 678

39

38 68

304

442 447

Médecinler d'Espagne Médlnillier Megan Mélaleuque à bois blanc Mélastome Melon Melon d'eau Meloor Mengkulang Menisperme Menthe des champs Meranti Merawan Merbau Merisier Merubong Merveille du Pérou Millet des oiseaux Millet d'Italie Mimosa pudique Mollavi des Indes Momordique à feuilles de vigne Monatera Morée de Chine Morelle Morelle mamelonnée Morelle noire Morinde à feuilles de citronnier Morlnga ailée Morlnga oléifère Mouène Mougrl de Java Mourong Moutarde de Chine Moutarde des Indes Mouzambe Mucuna irritant Mudar Mûrier à papier Mûrier blanc Mûrier de Chine Mûrier de Java Mûrier noir Murraya Muscadier Mussende Myrobalan Myrobalan chébula Myrobalan citrin Myrobolan

303

445

635 506 446

237

236 566

669 456

370 274

269

197

595

444

513

560 560 462

243 87

366 666 664 662 484 484 253

669

612

171

484

166

206 206 330

122 473 482 473,482 612

483

628 493 613

222

223 224

222,223

450 46 530

N

Nam·nam Nard indien Natchouli Navet Navet blanc Navet oléifère Neem Nèfle d'Amérique Nèflier du Japon Nénuphar Nepenthes

529 202 373 124 443 681 681 389 635

390

302

194 546 2 165 171 162 447 641 279,590 515 511

Index français

177

Niaouli Niébé Nipa Niruri Noisetier purgatif Noisette d'Inde Noix de Bancoul Noix de ben Noix de cajou Noix de galle d'Alep Noix de serpent Noix des Barbades Noix vomique Nopal Noyer de la Nelle Guinée Noyer des Moluques Nyatoh Nyctage Nyctanthe Nymphéa

506

345 308 303

115 100

283

484 32

348

75

302

420 181, 183

34 283 639, 644, 646

416,513

520

515

0

Ocim Oeil de dragon Oeillet d'Inde Oeillette Oenanthe Ogomoh Oignon Oignon d'hiver Okra Okshit OIéandre Olivier de Java Opobeau Opuntia Oranger Oranger de B1idah Orchidées Oreille de Judas Orélana Orélie de Guyane Orpin Ortie (esp,) Oseille de Guinée

371,374 71, 142 527

59 662 403 404

630

428 617 72 671 183 619

626 263

521 146 156

65

234

686 435

p

Paille de pla Paka Paldao Palétuvier de Birmanie Palétuvier des Indes Palétuvier d'Asie Palissandre de Java Palissandre des Indes Palette de peintre Palmier à huile Palmier à sucre Palmier bambou Palmier borasse Palmier dattier Palmier de Palmyre

675

439 34 586 586 588,589

318 318 83 111 101 118 102 117 102

Palmier nibung Palmier rouge Palmier royal Palmier sagou Palommler Pamplemoussier Pandanus Panic Panic d'Italie Panic pied de porc Panicaut fétide Papayer Papengaye Papyrus Pariétaire piquante Parkla Paroka Passe·velours Passiflore Passiflore fétide Pastèque Pastèquè de Chine Patate à Durand Patate aquatique Patate douce Patchouli Patole Patte de lézard Pavot à opium Pavot cultivé Pédiveau Pépareh Peperomia Péragut Péragut de Thomson Persil Persil des marais Pet du diable Petit corossol Petit pois Petite bringelle marronne Petite tomate du Mexique Petsai Philodendron Phylloclade Piassava Piassave Pied de loup Pignon d'Inde Piment de cayenne Piment d'oiseau Piment rouge Pin de kauri Pin de Sumatra Pin d'Australie Pisonie Pissenlit common Pistie Plantain d'eau Plantain d'Inde Plantain majeur Plaqueminier du Japon Podocarpe Polncillade

116 108 119 114

280

620 525,526

554 560 548

56

208

241 254

25 464

243 27

529

530 236 235

230 379 245 579 527 527 83,84 243

535

228 229

687,688

689

60

59

301 45

334

663

661 160

88

567

105 105 421 302, 320, 321

655 655

654

97

533 209

514 143

89

417

89

541 279

568,569

190, 195

178

Economie Plants of Indonesia

Poinsettie Poire de bachelier Poireau Poirier Pois bambara Pois bourcoussou Pois cajan Pois carr6 Pois chiche Pois cochon Pois cultiv6 Pois de bois Pois de sept ans Pois du Cap Pois d'Angole Pois manioc Pois mascate Pois patate Pois sabre Pois savon Poivre à queue Poivre long de Java Poivrier Poivron Polypode Pomme acide Pomme cannelle Pomme de Sodome Pomme de terre Pomme de terre de Telinga Pomme d'amour Pomme rose Pommelo Pommier Pommier de Goa Pongami Porcelaine Potiron musqué Pourpier Pourpier clochette Prune mombine Prunier Prunier ca" Prunier de Chine Prunier de Cythère Prunier de la Martinique Prunier d'Am6rique Prunier malgache Pseudojute Ptéride Ptéris Ptérosperme Pulai

295

664

Quisqualier d'Inde

221

406

598

R

Radis chinois Radis commun Radis oléifère Rafflesia Rambeh Ramboutan Ramie blanche Ramie de Chine Ramin Raphia Raquette Rasamala Ravenala Réglisse Réglisse marrone Reine Marguerite Rengas Resak Rhododendron Rhubarbe de Tartarie Rhubarbe palm6e Rib6lier Ricin Ricinelle des Indes Riz Riz glutineux Rocouyer ROnier Rose de Chine Roseau odorant Roselle Rosier Rotin Rotin cultivé Rotin manau Rotin rouge Roucouyer Ruellie Rutabaga

343 327 313

336

171 172 171

583

316 331

334

289 633

682 682 360

313 332 313,343 331

330

332

331 314 332 537

539

538

654

579 307 122 667

80 659

118 176, 178, 179, 183 361 673 324 311 127 35 264,276 281 571 571 494

309 282 552

553

46

508

156 102

434

620 592 524 335 581 239 581 232 42 597 351 351 41 41 351 439 578 578 670 66

350

76

435 599

109 103 104 110 156 5 161

S

Sablier Sadragon Safran bâtard Safran des Indes Sagette Sagittaire Sagoutier Salak Saliquier des Indes Salsepareille Sambac Sampac Saninten Sanseviera Sansevière Santal blanc Santal rouge Sapotillier

Q

Quassia Quassier amer Quetschier Queue de rat Queue d'aronde Queue d'hirondelle Quinine créole Quinquina

650 650

597

694

301 110 129, 707 707 18, 19 18, 19 114 120 422 651 519 427

346

18 18

308

604

15 15 337 641

629

1 ndex français

179

Sassafras des Indes Sauge écarlate Savonnier Scarole Schefflera Sédon Selaginelle Sempilor Seneçon Sensitive Seraya Sésame oriental Sesbania Sésuvie faux-pourpier Shaitan Sialit Simartolu Simpoh Sintoc Sisal Smilace Soja Soja vert Soleil Songe blanc Sorgho Souchet è papier Soude maritime Storax véritable Stramoine Sungkai Superbe de Madagascar Superbe de Malabar Sureau de Java Suren

387

380 636

131

95 234 648 566

137

462

274

532 339

17

66 256

678 256

399

Thé de Java Thé de l'Amazone Théier Thunbergie Thuya de Chine TlrucaJlI Tomate Tomate en arbre Tombou couleuvre Toona Tornep Tournesol Tous les mois Tradescantle vlrginienne Trlchosanthe commun Tuba Tubéreuse Tubéreuse d.slndes Tulipier du Gabon

m

375 128 9

250 296

659

657 530

454 165 138 203

11 651

323

245 319 416 416 154

226

U

Upas Urène 467

439

342 138 78 561 254 213 361 693 414 414 207 454

658

V

Vanillier Verveine Verveine bleue Vétiver Victoria Vigne Vigne marronne Voandzou Vomiquier 522

696

694

516 697 601

343

562

419,420

T

Tabac commun Tacca Talipot d'Inde Talipot parassol Tamarin d'Inde Tamarinier des Indes Tamarinier sauvage Tangerine Tanjung Tannie Tapérier Taro Taye Tayove Tec(k)

Temb~su

660

W

Wodler

675 107 107

465

36

y

Ylang-ylang

201 461

626

47

642 91

205

Z

blacca Zalaque Zédoaire Zédoaire aronde Zédoalre bulbeuse Zédoaire galanga Zédoaire jaune Zédoaire ronde Zerumbet Zinbyun Zinnia élégant

79,85 91 79,91 695 418

669

Teralin Terminalier citrin Tête négresse Tétragone cornue lève

224 499 17

80

120 120 713 721 721 720 727 721 728

256

145

180

Economie Plants of Indonesia

ISBN 979-8275-00-4

Information

Economic plants of Indonesia : a Latin, Indonesian, French and English dictionary of 728 species = Tanaman bernilai ekonomi dari Indonesia : kamus Latin, Indonesia, Perancis dan Inggris dari 728 spesies = Plantes d'intérêt économique en Indonésie : un

194 pages

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Economic plants of Indonesia : a Latin, Indonesian, French and English dictionary of 728 species = Tanaman bernilai ekonomi dari Indonesia : kamus Latin, Indonesia, Perancis dan Inggris dari 728 spesies = Plantes d'intérêt économique en Indonésie : un