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h Prelim minary Pr rogram for the 7th Joint M f Meeting o the HS the of SS, British Society for the History of Science and th Canad h y H o e, he dian Socie ety for the History and Phi e y ilosophy of Scienc ce

Updated 17 April 20 d 012 (Please note that thi prelimina program will chang Updated versions w be posted on n is ary m ge. d will d the 3-Soc ciety meetin site: http ng p://www.hsso online.org/M Meeting/3_S Society.htm Many ml. sessions still require chairs (ind e dicated by TBD) and w welcome v T we volunteers ( (please cont tact [email protected] to voluntee Registra er). ation is requ uired for all participan All sessio l nts. ons, except fo the openi lecture and opening reception, will be held on the cam or ing a g , d mpus of the e Universi of Pennsylvania. ity We wish to thank th Philadelp h he phia Area Center for th History o Science (P C he of PACHS) for its r support of this conf ference, espe ecially the University o Pennsylva U of ania, the Ch hemical Heritage Foundatio and the American Philosophica Society. e on, A P al *indicate organizer es r

WEDN NESDAY, July 11th J

5:00 pm-6 6:00 pm (refr freshments ser rved prior to the lecture) t Opening Keynote Lecture: "Int All the Wo g L to orld: Expan nding the His story of Scien and Relig nce gion beyond th Abrahamic Faiths" he

Ronald L. Nu R umbers, Hil lldale Professor of the H History of a ne, onsin, Madi ison Science and Medicin University of Wisco

6:00 pm-7 7:30 pm

Opening reception: Chemical Heritage Fo g H oundation (h hosted by CHF)

THURS SDAY, Jul 12th ly

9:00-11:4 am (coffee break 10:0045 e -10:15 am)

Science in Public Culture Chair: Bruce Lewenstein, Cornell University 1. "Playing with the History of Science," Iwan Rhys Morus, Aberystwyth University 2. "Model Students and Ambassador Users: The Role of the Public for the Global Marketing and Distribution of Nineteenth-Century Anatomical Models," Anna Maerker, King's College London 3. "Joe Trenaman's Investigation of BBC Listeners' Understanding of Science," Allan Jones, The Open University 4. "How Public? Medical History and Open Access," Simon Chaplin, Wellcome Trust 5. "Working on Audiences: Comparing the Current and Historical Consumption of Popular Science and History," *Tim Boon, The Science Museum Circulating Theoretical Physics: Scientific Exchanges between Europe, the U.S., and Latin America Chair: *Massimiliano Badino, Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte 1. "A Tale of Two Problems, or, How the U.S. Joined Together What Europe Had Put Asunder," Massimiliano Badino, Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte 2. "A Father of Physical Chemistry: J.J. Thomson in Philadelphia," Jaume Navarro, Universidad del País Vasco 3. "Transferring the Ether Concept in the USA: Herbert's E. Ives' Theory and his Opposition to Relativity," Roberto Lalli, MIT 4. "Understanding the HBT Effect and the Debate about the Concept of Photon (19561958)," Indianara Silva, MIT 5. "Writing the History of Nonlinear Dynamics: The Case of Brazilian Physicists in the Period 1970-2000," Mayane Nóbrega, Federal University of Vale do São Francisco 6. "Instruments, Second Hand Experience and Books in the Transmission of Piezoelectric Theory to the U.S.," Shaul Katzir, Tel Aviv University A Century of Viruses and Cancer Chair: Robin Scheffler, Yale University 1. "Plutarchian Parallels in Research Lives of Cancer Viruses and Bacteriophages," *Neeraja Sankaran, Yonsei University 2. "Of Mice and Children: Leukemia Viruses as Objects of Research and Policy, 19441964," Robin Scheffler, Yale University 3. "The Epstein-Barr Virus, Burkitt's Lymphoma, and the Development of the Herpes Heuristic," Brendan Clarke, University College London 4. "The Organized Search for the Oncogene: Cancer Viruses and Robert Huebner's Hidden Enemies Within, 1958-1973," Doogab Yi, Chemical Heritage Foundation 5. "Cancer Virus and the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki: How NIH Prisoner Research Loosened International Research Ethics," Laura Stark, Wesleyan University. History of the Human Sciences Chair: TBD

1. "The Man With Too Many Qualities: The Afterlives of Adolphe Quetelet's Average Man," Kevin Donnelly, Alvernia University 2. "The Projectile Power of the Mind: Babbage, Foresight & Insurance," Daniel C.S. Wilson, University of Cambridge 3. "Race, Caste, and Class: Analogical Thinking in the Human Sciences During the MidTwentieth Century," Sebastián Gil-Riaño, University of Toronto 4. " `Proven Effectiveness': Evidence-Based Medicine and the Rise of Cognitive Behaviour Therapies since 1950," Sarah Marks, University College London Science and Technology in History Chair: Fumikazu Saito, Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo 1. "Books of Distillation: Science, Technique and the Printing Press in Early Modern Europe," *Maria Helena Roxo Beltran, Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo 2. "Music and Technè: Distinctions on the Natural and the Artificial," Carla Bromberg, Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo 3. "A Long-Standing Antecedent of Laurent Joubert's Erreurs Populaires," Vera Cecilia Machline, Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo 4. "Ars et Scientia: The Role of Apparatus and Devices in Della Porta's Natural Magic," Fumikazo Saito, Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo 5. "Women's Secrets and their Sources: Marie Meurdrac and Andrè le Fournier Cosmetics," Lais Dos Santos Pinto Traindade and Maria Helena Roxo Beltran, Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo Was the Modern Synthesis Actually a Synthesis, and in What Sense? Chair: Jean Gayon, IHPST, Paris 1. "Integration Rather Than Synthesis? On Rethinking the Unity of Evolutionary Biology," Richard M. Burian, Virginia Tech 2. "If the Synthesis Ended How Would We Know It?," David Depew, University of Iowa 3. "Life-History of the Modern Synthesis: An Enquiry over Sixty Years of Periodicals Devoted to Evolution (1947-2011)," Jean Gayon, IHPST, Paris 4. "The Competing Definitions of Evolution According to the Modern Synthesis," *Philippe Huneman, IHPST, Paris 5. "Evolutionary Syntheses, Modern and Extended: Shifting from Product(s) to Processes," Alan C. Love, University of Minnesota Lunch (11:45 am ­ 1:30 pm) 1:30 - 3:30 pm Dusty Disciplines: Blackboards as Material and Culture in Science and Mathematics Chair: Caitlin D. Wylie, University of Cambridge Commentator: Peggy Aldrich Kidwell, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution 1. "Soldiers and Scholars: The Blackboard at West Point," Christopher J. Phillips, Harvard University

2. "Building Mathematics and Mathematics Buildings: The Built Environment of the Mathematical Institutes at Göttingen and NYU," Brittany Shields, University of Pennsylvania 3. "Board into Their Minds: Sketching the Mathematical Blackboard in Anecdotal Memory," *Michael J. Barany, Princeton University Genetics, Race, and Anthropology Chair: TBD 1. "Half-Castes and Family Lines: Franz Boas' Anthropometric Studies 1890-1891," Staffan Müller-Wille, University of Exeter 2. "Wilhelm Nussbaum and Franz Boas: Anthropometry in the 1930s," Veronika Lipphardt, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science 3. "Occupying Europe: How West German Volkskundler Claimed Europäische Ethnologie," Amanda Randall, University of Texas at Austin 4. "Mapping Human Metabolic Diversity: Racial Metabolism Studies in the 1920s-30s," Elizabeth Neswald, Brock University Nuclear Scientists and the Dangers of the Nuclear Age Chair: Mark Walker, Union College, Schenectady, NY Commentator: Carola Sachse, University of Vienna 1. "Knowing the Atom: The IAEA and International Scientific Exchange," Elisabeth Röhrlich, University of Vienna 2. " `Fallout' in the Fifties: Scientists Divided, Pugwash United?," Alison Kraft, University of Exeter 3. " Experts Between War and Peace' ­ Austrian and West German Experts and the International Pugwash Movement," *Silke Fengler, University of Vienna Models and Materiality Chair: *Ruthann Dyer, York University 1. " `Resembling as Near as Possible': Botanical Models and Botany Instruction in the Nineteenth Century," Ellery Foutch, University of Wisconsin-Madison 2. "Materializing the `Atomic': Iconography at the Interface of Molecular Models and Design in Post-War Britain," Emily Candela, The Science Museum, London & Royal College of Art 3. "Logics and Materialities of Air Resistance: Étienne-Jules Marey's Insect Automata," Enrique Ramirez, The University of Texas at Austin 4. "Model Lessons: Object Lessons, Specimens, and Models in the Nineteenth-Century U.S. Classroom," Sarah Anne Carter, Harvard University Scientific Correspondents Chair: TBD 1. " `Almost Out of a Woman's Natural Thinking': Considering Science and Gender through Charles Darwin's Private Correspondence," Philippa Hardman, University of Cambridge

2. " `Darwin Hates You': Owen, Mivart, and Spencer, Darwin's Failed Friendships in Theory and Practice," Alison Pearn, University of Cambridge 3. "Science, Ideology, and Worldview: John C. Greene's Long Correspondence with Theodosius Dobzhansky and Ernst Mayr," Stewart Kreitzer, University of Florida 4. " `As Good a Laboratory as Can Be Desired': The Chymical Correspondence of William and Thomas Molyneux," Sue Hemmens, Marsh's Library, Dublin Training and Transmission in Chemistry Chair: TBD 1. "Transmission & Reception: The Case of Bunsen's American Students," Christine Nawa, Universität Regensburg / Chemical Heritage Foundation 2. "Between University and Polytechnic: Chemistry in Zürich, 1860-1872," Peter Ramberg, Truman State University 3. " `In One's Way of Seeing Lies One's Way of Action': Science and Art in Alfred Stieglitz's Photographic Experimentation," Chiara Ambrosio, University College London 4. "Emil Fischer and the Methodical Production of Genius," Catherine Jackson, Chemical Heritage Foundation Science and Colonialism Chair: TBD 1. "A Science Out of Place: Early Modern Colonialism and the Making of Garcia de Orta's Colóquios," Hugh Glenn Cagle, 2. "Colonial Madness: Creating Practical Spaces to Be Insane in Nineteenth-Century India," Anouska Bhattacharyya, Harvard University 3. "An Imperial Epidemiology: Epidemiological Practices in Britain and Abroad, 18651914," Jacob Steere-Williams, University of Minnesota 4. "From 'Inauspicious' to 'Suspicious' Death: Inquests in Turn of the Twentieth Century Bangkok," Quentin Pearson, Cornell University Coffee Break (3:30 ­ 4:00 pm) 4:00 ­ 6:00 pm Science, States, and Space Chair: TBD 1. "The View from Somewhere: 19th Century Western Scientific Practice as Seen from the Greek Space," Kostas Tampakis, University of Princeton 2. "Inscribing Science and Specialized Activities in Socialist China: A Spatial Analysis of Science Buildings in China 1953-55," Christine Luk, Arizona State University 3. "Prospecting Algeria: Oil Geophysics and Diplomacy," Roberto Cantoni, University of Manchester Fighting Technologies: Military Confrontations with Telecommunications Systems, 18761918 Chair: Graeme Gooday, University of Leeds

1. " `Britannia Rules the Wireless Waves': The British Admiralty and Wireless, 18991914," *Elizabeth Bruton, University of Leeds 2. "Phone Lines on Front Lines: The Victorian Army and the Telephone," Michael Kay, University of Leeds 3. "Monopoly Games: The US Navy and Domestic Wireless during World War One," Elizabeth Cregan, Monmouth University Genetics, Plant Breeding, and Institution Building: International Perspectives from Britain, New Zealand and Italy Chair: *Berris Charnley, University of Exeter 1. "State Patronage of Science: British Agricultural Science and the Development Commission, 1889-1919," Dominic Berry, University of Leeds 2. "Otto Frankel and the Institutional Context of Agricultural Genetics in New Zealand, 1927-1951," Berris Charnley, University of Exeter 3. "Agricultural Genetics in Italy: Nazareno Strampelli (1866-1942)," Luca Iori, University of Bologna Historical Displays and Disciplinary Identity Chair: Anna Maerker, King's College London 1. "Studying Babylonia in Philadelphia: Assyriological Practice and the University of Pennsylvania's Museum, c.1900," Ruth Horry (organizer), University of Cambridge 2. " `Coalbrookdale by Night' and the Science Museum by Day," Boris Jardine, Science Museum, London 3. "Mapping Out A Science: Joseph Needham's `A Chart to Illustrate the History of Biochemistry and Physiology' (Cambridge, c.1924)," Anna Kathryn Schoefert, University of Cambridge Flows of Chemical Knowledge Chair: TBD 1. "Chymistry and Censorship at the Early French Academy and Royal Society," Victor Boantza, University of Sydney 2. "Alchemists in the United Kingdom in the 16th-18th Centuries: Social Networks and Transmission of Knowledge," Hsaio-Yun Cheng, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 3. " `Strictly Chemical from Beginning to End': The Credibility of Chemistry in Treatises on Brewing across the Nineteenth Century," James Sumner, University of Manchester Novelty in Medicine Chair: TBD 1. "Constructing a Diseased Mind: Testing Animals, Studying Patients, and Mapping Brains in a Victorian Asylum," Michael Finn, University of Leeds 2. "Serotherapy in Lyon: The Local Reception of Innovation," Jonathan Simon, University of Lyon 3. "Inquests into a Surgical Procedure: Creating Public and Professional Trust in Aural Surgery, 1830-1845," Jaipreet Virdi, University of Toronto

4. "Ranyard West's Research on the effect of curare in the Central Nervous System Diseases," Daniele Cozzoli, Universitat Pompeu Fabra Egalitarianism and Popular Science: The American Anthropology of Ashley Montagu Chair: Henrika Kuklick, University of Pennsylvania Commentator: Andrew Fearnley, Edge Hill University 1. "Between McCarthy and the Modern Synthesis: Ashley Montagu's Problems with Darwinism," Gregory Radick, University of Leeds 2. " `All He Does Is Play Himself': Ashley Montagu on the Television Talk Show Circuit," Jennifer Brown, University of Pennsylvania 3. "Race Relationships: Professional and Personal Histories of the Race Concept," *Peter Sachs Collopy, University of Pennsylvania 5:00-7:00 P.M. British Journal for the History of Science 50th Anniversary Reception Bodek Lounge FRIDAY, July 13th 10:00 a.m.: Tour of the Mütter Museum of Medical History ­DATE AND TIME SUBJECT TO CHANGE Join Robert Hicks for a tour of the facilities of the Philadelphia College of Physicians, including the world-renowned Mütter Museum. Meet at 10 in Mitchell Hall (a ½ mile walk, accessible by the Green Subway Surface Line; see directions below) for a short film about the College and its collections. The film will be followed by a 1 hour and 15 minute tour of the Mütter's holdings in the history of science and medicine. There will be a charge for the tour. Directions to Mitchell Hall: Board the inbound Green Subway Surface Trolley at 36th or 37th Street (both on the Penn Campus). Get off at 22nd and Market; the entrance to the building is on 22nd Street about 50 yards south of this stop. On foot, [Can he clarify the best walking route?] 9:00-11:45 am (coffee break 10:00-10:15 am) Seeing and Believing: The Importance of Mechanisms in Human and Medical Genetics Chair/Commentator: Susan Lindee, University of Pennsylvania 1. "Genetics without Sex: Going Molecular in Human Genetics," Nathaniel Comfort, Johns Hopkins University 2. "Stabilizing the `Fragile X': Analyzing the Integration of Newly Visible Genetic Markers with Existing Clinical Disorders (1969-1989)," Andrew Hogan, University of Pennsylvania 3. "Science Fiction to Science Fact: The Role of a Biological Mechanism in Validating Genetic Anticipation," *Judith Friedman, National Institutes of Health 4. "Collective History as a Mechanism to Explain Genetic Risk of Breast Cancer among High-Risk Ashkenazi Jewish Women," Jessica Mozersky, University of Pennsylvania

Experimenting in Baconian Style Chair: Carin Berkowitz, Chemical Heritage Foundation Commentator: Daniel Garber, Princeton University 1. "Bacon's Sylva sylvarum and the Practice of the Great Instauration," Peter Dear, Cornell University 2. "The Hunt of Pan: The Creative and Heuristic Role of Experiments in Francis Bacon's Natural Histories," Dana Jalobeanu, University of Bucharest 3. "The Rules of Experientia Literata: The Case of Bacon's Magnetic Experiments," Laura Georgescu, University of Bucharest 4. "The Baconian Experiment as Probatio," *Cesare Pastorino, University of Sussex Scientific Ethos and Epistemology in the Long Nineteenth Century Chair: *Elise Lipkowitz, University of Michigan Commentator: TBD 1. "France's European Empire and the Eclipse of Cosmopolitan Science," Elise Lipkowitz, University of Michigan 2. " `The Glory of the Corps of Roads and Bridges': Augustin Fresnel and the Ethos of Civil Engineering in Restoration France," Theresa Levitt, University of Mississippi 3. "Cultures of Discovery and Priorities of Publication in 1840s France and Britain," Alex Csiszar, Harvard University 4. "The Universal Language of the Slavs: German and the Identity of Russian Chemistry," Michael Gordin, Princeton University Science in the Press Chair: TBD 1. " `Current' Events: Galvanism and the Functions of Scientific News in Britain c. 1800," Iain Watts, Princeton University 2. "Oxford Serialised: Revisiting the Huxley-Willberforce Controversy through the Periodical Press," Nanna Kaalund, Aarhus University/ University of Toronto 3. "Engineering Consent: The Scientific Rhetoric of Public Relations in Interwar USA," Michael Kliegl, University of Kent 4. "The Dilemmas of the Biological Philosopher: Herbert Spencer Jennings and the Personae of Public Engagement," Judy Johns Schloegel 5. " `Science in Pictures': Rudolf Modley, Pictorial Statistics, and Telefact," Erin McLeary, Independent scholar/exhibit developer, National Constitution Center Material Culture Chair: TBD 1. "The Biography of the Blue Dye: Science, Nature and the Limits of Improvement,", Prakash Kumar, Colorado State University 2. "Making ­ and Breaking ­ Scientific Specimens in 21st-Century Paleontology Laboratories," Caitlin Donahue Wylie, University of Cambridge

3. "How the Oldest Museum in the Netherlands became a Museum for the History of Science," Martin Weiss, Leiden University 4. "Natural History Collections and Teaching Practices in Portugal during the 19th and 20th Centuries," Inês Gomes, CIUHCT ­ Centro Inter-Universitário de História da Ciência e Tecnologia / Museu de Ciência da Universidade de Lisboa What is the Object of the History of Chemistry? Chair: *Carin Berkowitz, Chemical Heritage Foundation Commentator: TBD 1. " `Theory' and `Practice' in the Historiography of Chemistry," John G McEvoy, University of Cincinnati 2. "Stabilizing Chemical Objects," Mi Gyung Kim, North Carolina State University 3. "Historiography and Disciplinary Identity: The Case of Humphry Davy," Jan Golinski, University of New Hampshire 4. "History of Chemistry: Benefits for Chemical Philosophy, Science, and Education," Hasok Chang, University of Cambridge Toward a Global/International/Transnational History of Spaceflight Chair/Commentator: Roger D. Launius, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution 1. "Cold War Science at the Last Frontier: Messing with and Measuring the Magnetosphere," Gregory Good, Center for History of Physics 2. "Starfish, International Law, and Human Rights," Linda Richards 3. Title TBD, Audra Wolfe, Independent Scholar Lunch (11:45 am ­ 1:30 pm) 1:30 - 3:30 pm Technical Drawing and the Political Context of Science and Technology Chair: Alan Rocke, Case Western Reserve University 1. "The Invention and Contentious Social Setting of Linear Drawing in France, 1815-1828," *Andrew J. Butrica, Research Historians Group 2. "Delineating a Rational Profession: Engineers and Draughtsmen as Visual Technicians in Early Nineteenth Century Britain," Frances Robertson 3. "Lepage like Paris: The Entangled Lives of Science, Technology and Art in France (1841-1900)," Josep Simon Public Health from Bacteriology to Genomics Chair: TBD 1. "Science and Sanitation: Joseph Kinyoun and the Microbiological Turn in American Public Health, 1885-1900," Eva Åhrén, Office of NIH History 2. " `Forecasting' Flu: The Moral and Political Economy of Global Influenza Control," Michael Bresalier, University of Manchester

3. "Health as Natural History at the American Museum of Natural History, 1909-1922: The Failure of an Innovative Initiative," Julie Brown, National Museum of American History Scientists and the British State Chair: TBD 1. "The British State and Storm Surges, 1919-1959," Anna Carlsson-Hyslop, Cardiff University 2. " `That Was Decided for Me': Science Graduates and the British State from World War II to the early 1960s," Sally Horrocks, University of Leicester 3. Geology and Governance: Surveying the North Sea in the Cold War, Leucha Veneer, University of Manchester 4. "London and Los Angeles Smogs Revisited: Contrasting Origins, Actions and Controls," Peter Reed, Retired In the Library Chair: Ann E. Robinson, University of Massachusetts, Amherst 1. "Information Factory: Samuel Hartlib and the Circulation of Scientific Knowledge," Carol Pal, Bennington College 2. "Catalogus Bibliothecae Historico-Naturalis Josephi Banks: Joseph Banks as Book Collector and Corpus Creator," Jennifer Steenshorne, Columbia University 3. "Marginal Men? Non-Conformity, Medical Men and the Subscription Library Movement in Leeds in the Eighteenth Century," Rebecca Bowd, University of Leeds 4. "Problems Posed," Jemma Lorenat, Simon Fraser University Tempo and Mode in Mid-Twentieth-Century Genetics Chair/Commentator: Susan Lindee, University of Pennsylvania 1. "Latent Life: Intersections between Cryobiology and Human Genetics in the Mid-20th Century," Joanna Radin, University of Pennsylvania 2. "The `Evolution Accelerator': Colchicine in Cytogenetics and Plant Breeding, 19371950," *Helen Curry, Yale University 3. "Skulls from the Dead, Blood from the Living: Studying Human Heredity and Race in Interwar Britain," Jenny Bangham, University of Cambridge Ancient Science and Technology Chair: TBD 1. "Meta-mathematical Rhetoric," Jacqueline Feke, Stanford University 2. "Ptolemy's Visual Theory Applied to Astronomy," Elizabeth Hamm, Saint Mary's College of California 3. "Exploring the Archaeology of Light in Roman Britain," Zena Kamash, University of Oxford John Tyndall and His Correspondences Chair/Commentator: Graeme Gooday, University of Leeds 1. "What's in a Letter?: A Critical Examination of Victorian Letter Writing Practices," Efram Sera-Shriar (organizer), York University

2. "Reconciling God with Nature: John Tyndall's Science and the Philosophies of Carlyle, Emerson, and Goethe, as Seen through his Correspondence with Thomas Hirst," Ursula DeYoung, Harvard University 3. "John Tyndall and the Public(s) Communication of Science," Geoffrey Belknap, University of Cambridge Coffee Break (3:30 ­ 4:00 pm) 4:00 ­ 6:00 pm Transmission of Science and Medicine in East Asia Chair: TBD 1. "The Quest for the `West': Empire(s), Western Knowledge, and Korea," Eun Jeong Ma, Pohang University of Science and Technology 2. "Chinese Mathematics in Vietnam: Transmission and Adaptation," Alexei Volkov, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 3. "Evolution and Religion in China: 1870s-1930s," Haiyan Yang, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan Jewish Scientists in Interwar Vienna Chair: Sabine Brauckmann, Tallinn University 1. "Weiss' Resonance Inside Vienna's Academia," Sabine Brauckmann, Tallinn University 2. "Jewishness and the Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics in Interwar Vienna," *Cheryl Logan, University of North Carolina Greensboro 3. "Julius Bauer's Fight with Mendelian Enthusiasts Concerning Human Genetics," Veronika Hofer, University of Vienna Transatlantic Reactions: Translating Chemistry between Continents Chair: Seymour Mauskopf, Duke University 1. "Colonial Chymistry: The Case of John Allin, Minister-Physician in Woodbridge, New Jersey (1680-1683)," Donna Bilak, Bard Graduate Center 2. "Laboratory Instruction in American Land-Grant Colleges: A German Import in a New World (1870-1914)," Stephen Weininger, Worcester Polytechnic Institute 3. "Anglo-American Connections in Japanese Chemistry," Yoshiyuki Kikuchi, Harvard University 4. "Chemical Control in the Atlantic Sugar Trade," David Singerman, MIT Rethinking Spencer: Science and Philosophy circa 1900 Chair: *Chris Renwick, University of York Commentator: Gregory Radick, University of Leeds 1. "`Myrmidons, Disciples and Parasites': Spencer, Spencerians, and American Psychology," Henry M. Cowles, Princeton University 2. "Evolution in the Metaphysical Club: Wright and Fiske on Darwin and Spencer," Trevor Pearce, University of Wisconsin-Madison

3. "Evolution, Mind, and Society: Human Agency in L. T. Hobhouse's Spencerian Philosophy and Sociology," Chris Renwick, University of York Enlightening the World Chair: TBD 1. "`The Starry Sky above Me': The Role of Paradoxes in Kant's Cosmology and Theoretical Philosophy," Silvia De Bianchi, University of Rome `La Sapienza' 2. "Émilie Du Châtelet on Gravity and the Nature of Matter," Karen Detlefsen, University of Pennsylvania, and Andrew Janiak, Duke University 3. "The Enlightenment, the Pacific Laboratory and Natural History," John Gascoigne, University of New South Wales Instruments and Measurement Chair: TBD 1. "The Accuracy of the Timeball and the Development of Electrical Timekeeping in Liverpool, 1850-1870," Yuto Ishibashi, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science 2. "Controlling the Atmosphere: Discipline and Protocol in the Installation of the Kew Divided-Ring Electrometer," Daniel Mitchell 3. "The Universe of Light in the Kingdom of the Pearl: The Gem Test and the Spread of Machine-Mediated Appraisal, c. 1920-1935," Kjell Ericson, Princeton University 4. "The Pod: A Centrifuge that Made the World's Head Spin," Slawomir Lotysz, University of Zielona Gora Correspondence, Manuscripts, and Digitalization Chair: TBD 1. "Editing Joseph Black's Correspondence," Robert Anderson, University of Cambridge 2. "A Scientific News Service in Late-Eighteenth-Century London," Roderick Home, University of Melbourne 3. "The Role of Editing Manuscripts in Post-1945 History of Science," Frank James 4. "Digitizing Bibliography: On the Impact of Electronic Media on Classification in the History of Science," Stephen Weldon, University of Oklahoma SATURDAY, July 14th 9:00-11:45 am (coffee break 10:00-10:15 am) American Religion and Science Chair: *Edward B. Davis, Messiah College Commentator: Ronald L. Numbers, University of Wisconsin-Madison 1. "Shelving the Science-Religion Question: The Uses of Paley's Natural Theology in the Early American Republic," Adam Shapiro, University of Wisconsin-Madison 2. "Altruism and the Administration of the Universe: Kirtley Fletcher Mather on Science and Values," *Edward B. Davis, Messiah College 3. "Calling for the `New Prophet': A Skeptical Scientist Argues for the Importance of Religion in the Cold War," Matthew Shindell, University of California, San Diego

4. "The Astronomy Textbook since Kepler: Myths about Science and Religion in American Education," Michael Keas, The College at Southwestern Beyond Transmutation: The Goals of Early Modern Alchemy Chair: Margaret Garber, California State University Commentator: TBD 1. "Medicine and the Pursuits of Alchemy," Jennifer Rampling (organizer for SHAC), University of Cambridge 2. "Alchemy and Christianity in the Era of the Reformation," Tara Nummendal, Brown University 3. "The Apocalyptic Politics of Early Modern Alchemy," Glyn Parry, Victoria University of Wellington 4. "The Three Societies: An Alchemical Agenda in the Early Oxford, Royal, and Dublin Societies," Vera Keller, University of Oregon Botany and Natural History Chair: TBD 1. "Mary Somerset, First Duchess of Beaufort, and Stories of Science from Badminton House," Julie Davies, University of Melbourne 2. "Seeds of Exchange: The Russian Tradition of Apothecary and Botanical Gardens in the First Half of the Eighteenth Century," Rachel Koroloff, University of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign 3. "Collecting Slave Traders: James Petiver, Natural History, and Slavery in the British Atlantic," Kate Murphy, California Polytechnic 4. "`Have Miss Martin Do It': Women at Work in the Boston Society of Natural History and Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology, 1870-1910," Jenna Tonn, Harvard University 5. "Collecting Assyria: Biblical Discovery as Natural History in the Mid-Nineteenth Century," Eleanor Robson, University of Cambridge Meet the Author: Margaret W. Rossiter and Her 3rd Volume "Beyond Affirmative Action: Women Scientists in America, 1972-2000" Chair: Sally G. Kohlstedt, University of Minnesota Commentator: Ruth Schwartz Cowan, University of Pennsylvania 1. "Gender in Science, 18th to 20th Centuries, and Its Connection to Rossiter's Trilogy," Ludi Jordanova, University of London 2. "Women Scientists in a Bilingual Country: Lessons from Comparative Studies of French and English Institutions," Ruby Heap, University of Ottawa 3. "My Life in British and American Science, 1950-2000: The Changing Careers of Women Scientists at Oxford and Greater Philadelphia," Jenny Pickworth Glusker, Fox Chase Cancer Ctr. & University of Pennsylvania 4. "Women Scientists and the Lost Generation of the 1970s: Margaret Rossiter as a Historical Witness," *Pnina G. Abir-Am, Brandeis University The Sense of Things: Perception as Practice in Educational Settings

Chair/Commentator: Lynn Nyhart, University of Wisconsin 1. "The Mind on Paper: The Shared Visual Order of Science and the Humanities during the Late Enlightenment," *Matthew D. Eddy (co-organizer), Durham University 2. "The Surgeon's Seeing Hand: Teaching Anatomy to the Senses in Britain, 17501830," *Carin Berkowitz (co-organizer), Chemical Heritage Foundation 3. "`Things Familiar': Object Lessons in Victorian Science and Literature," Melanie Keene, Cambridge University 4. "Drawing Mathematical Theories, Illustrating Points: The History of a Topological Atlas," Alma Steingart, MIT Death Under the Microscope: Histories and Mechanisms of Apotopsis Research Chair: *Andrew Reynolds, Cape Breton University Commentator: Jane Maienschein, Arizona State University 1. "From Mechanism Schemas to Mathematical Models: Elucidating the QuantitativeDynamic Aspects of Molecular Mechanisms," Tudor M. Baetu, Konrad Lorenz Institute 2. "A Wormy Kind of Death: H. Robert Horvitz's Genetic Study of Cell Death in C. elegans," Lijing Jiang, Arizona State University 3. "Alexis Carrel's Tissue Culture: Cell Death, Experimental Failure, and Surgical Imperatives," Hyung Wook Park, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology 4. "The Deaths of a Cell: How `Morphogenetic' Cell Death Became `Altruistic Programmed Cell Suicide'," Andrew Reynolds, Cape Breton University Lunch (11:45 am ­ 1:30 pm) 1:30 - 3:30 pm Defining the Instrumental: Navigation, Longitude and Science at Sea in the 18th Century Chair/Commentator: Robert D. Hicks, Mütter Museum, Philadelphia 1. "Longitude Inscrib'd: Early Pamphlet Solutions to the Longitude Problem," Katy Barrett, University of Cambridge 2. "`Precision', `Perfection' and the Reality of Eighteenth-Century Instruments at Sea," *Alexi Baker (co-organizer), University of Cambridge 3. "Nevil Maskelyne and the Instruments of Scientific Exploration, 1760-1800," *Rebekah Higgitt (co-organizer), National Maritime Museum, UK Tools of Science, Tools of Politics: Radioactive Contamination in Historical Perspective Chair/Commentator: Audra Wolfe, Independent Scholar 1. "Same Data, Different Conclusions: Radioactive Fallout, the U.S. and British Scientific Committees, and the Diverging Role of Expertise in Public Affairs," *Toshihiro Higuchi, Stanford University 2. "Monitoring the Stratosphere: Fallout Risks, Vertical Control, and the Dynamic Atmosphere," E. Jerry Jessee, Montana State University

3. "`A Mechanism for Staying Alive on this Planet': The Environmental Meanings of Global Nuclear War in the U.S. and the USSR, 1954-1986," Jonathan R. Hunt, University of Texas at Austin Science in the Public Sphere Chair/Commentator: Jeffrey Hughes, University of Manchester 1. "Channels of Communication: Martian Canals and the Meaning of Popular Science," Josh Nall, University of Cambridge 2. "`Applied Science', Self-Interest and the `Public Sphere' in Mid-19th-Century Britain," *Robert Bud, Science Museum 3. "Selling ­ and Selling Short ­ Silent Spring: Environmentalism, Economics, and the Public Sphere," David Hecht, Bowdoin College Experiments of the Experiential: Valuing Subjectivity in the Modern Earth, Medical, and

Physical Sciences

Chair: *Andrew M. Fearnley, Edge Hill University Commentator: Henrika Kuklick, University of Pennsylvania 1. "Science, Literature, and the `Mirror of Nature': Metaphors of Knowing in the United States at the Turn of the Twentieth Century," Robin Vandome, University of Nottingham 2. "From Subjective Experience to Experimental Subjects: Test Pilots in the Weimar Republic," Daniela Helbig, Harvard University 3. "`Checking Out Forms': Research Subjects and Psychiatrists' Use of the Subjective," Andrew M. Fearnley, Edge Hill University Method and Discovery: Connections between Anatomy and Philosophy in the Early Modern Period Chair: Charles Wolfe, University of Ghent 1. "Philosophical Anatomy: Teleology in Harvey's De Motu Cordis," Peter Distelzweig, University of Pittsburgh 2. "Illustrations, Mechanical Explanations and Experiment in the Study of the Kidney in the Early Sixteenth Century," *Allen Shotwell, Indiana University 3. "Cosmology and the Crystalline Humor: Color Theory in Natural Philosophy and Anatomy in Late Sixteenth-Century Padua," Tawrin Baker, Indiana University 4. "A Mutual Divide: Experimental Anatomists vs. Speculative Cartesians in SeventeenthCentury Dutch Medicine," Evan Ragland, University of Alabama Science and Art in the American South Chair: Nancy Hoffmann, Independent Scholar Commentator: Ann Shteir, York University 1. "To See the Moveing Pensil; Display a Sort of Paper Creation, Which May Endure for Ages: William Bartram as a Natural History Artist," Joel Fry, Bartram's Gardens, Philadelphia 2. "Philip Henry Gosse: English Naturalist-Artist in Alabama, 1838," Gary Mullen, Auburn University (emeritus) 3. "Contextualizing Creativity: Maria Martin, Natural History Illustrator," *Debra Lindsay, University of New Brunswick

Coffee Break (3:30 ­ 4:00 pm) 4:00 ­ 6:00 pm Ownership and Invention of Medical Technologies Chair/Commentator: Iwan Rhys Morus, Aberystwyth University 1. "`A Barrier to Medical Treatment'? British Medical Practitioners and the Patent Controversy, 1880-1920," Claire Jones, University of Warwick 2. "Hearing Aids at the Historical Nexus of Patenting, Prosthetics, Physics and Physiology," Graeme Gooday, University of Leeds 3. "Overbeck's `Rejuvenator': Marketing Electrotherapy Devices Beyond the Medical Profession in the Early Twentieth Century," *James F. Stark, University of Leeds "Improving" the Climate in the Early-Modern North Atlantic World Chair: Jennifer Steenshorne, Columbia University 1. "Writing the Wilderness in the Early-Modern English Atlantic," Keith Pluymers, University of Southern California 2. "Climate Improvement and Cultivation in Colonial Canada, 1742-1867," Victoria C. Slonosky, McGill University 3. " `The Pisspot of Europe': Rains, Mists, and Bogs in the Anglo-Irish Imagination," *Brant Vogel, Independent Scholar Mechanism, Life, and Embodiment in Early Modern Science Chair: *Charles T. Wolfe, University of Ghent Commentator: Peter Distelzweig, University of Pittsburgh 1. "The Fire without Light: The Non-Mechanical Foundation of Descartes' Mechanical Physiology," Barnaby Hutchins, University of Ghent 2. "Descartes on the Heartbeat: The Leuven Controversy," Lucian Petrescu, University of Ghent 3. "Bloody Analogical Reasoning. The Role of Analogical Reasoning in William Harvey's Discoveries," Dagmar Provijn, University of Ghent 4. "Teleomechanism Redux? The Conceptual Hybridity of Living Machines in Early Modern Natural Philosophy," *Charles T. Wolfe, University of Ghent Textbooks Chair: TBD 1. "Textbook Physics: An Examination of Early 20th Century Medical Pedagogy," Vivien Hamilton, Harvey Mudd College 2. "From Fertilization to Birth: Representing Twentieth Century Development in High School Biology Textbooks," Karen Wellner, Arizona State University Science and Government in the Cold War Chair: TBD 1. "The Scientific Debate over Water Fluoridation: Optimism, Risk and Public Health," Catherine Carstairs, University of Guelph

2. " `They Do It in a Different Way: Personal Experiences of Transatlantic Cooperation in Science and Engineering in the Cold War," Thomas Lean, The British Library 3. "De-Mobbing British Oceanography: The Royal Navy and the Establishment of National Institute of Oceanography," Sam Robinson, University of Manchester 4. "The National Science Foundation Confronts Segregation: Discrimination at the Teachers' Institutes," Marc Rothenberg, National Science Foundation Recasting 20th Century Physics Chair: TBD 1. "Parody Conservation: The Tradition of Humor at the Niels Bohr Institute," Paul Halpern, University of the Sciences in Philadelphia 2. "Untangling Entanglement: Probability, Stalinism, and the Paradoxes of Quantum Mysticism," Alexei Kojevnikov, University of British Columbia 3. "Ida Noddack and the Fission Proposal: The Actor's Perspective," Brigitte Van Tiggelen, Université Catholique de Louvain 4. " `...A Cleanly Cut Piece of Solid Light': Remembering the Long-Forgotten Spectroscopic Study of Radium Glow by William and Margaret Huggins," Barbara Becker, University of California, Irvine Human, Animal, and Machine Chair: TBD 1. "The Human and the Animal: Looking at The Descent of Man through Foucault's Archeology," Teofilo Espada-Brignonin, University of Puerto Rico 2. "Reassessing the Human Automatism Debate in the Late Nineteenth Century," Francis Neary, University of Cambridge 3. "Apeman, Spaceman: 2001: A Space Odyssey and the Dawn of Man," Robert Poole, University of Cumbria Plenary Session ­ 6:30 to 8:00 pm State of the Profession Roundtable This session will reflect on the current state of the profession and discipline of the history of science, in transatlantic perspective. One of the joys of the Three Societies meetings is the opportunity to step outside our usual national communities. This session will create a forum for a reflexive look at ourselves as a community of academics. Recent research on academic disciplines, institutions and professional communities has used approaches that will be familiar to any sociologically-inclined historian of science who has investigated the membership, behavioral norms, reward schemes, career structures and reputation of past communities of scientists. Why not apply the same techniques to ourselves? Tony Becher described academics as belonging to `tribes' and having `territories': what sort of a tribe are historians of science, what is our territory, and what struggles do we face to maintain our authority over that territory? Each of the three speakers will give a short talk engaging with these issues from their own personal, disciplinary and national contexts. The floor will then be open for what ought to be a vigorous audience discussion.

Chair: Bernard Lightman, York University 1. *Aileen Fyfe, University of St. Andrews 2. Peter Dear, Cornell University 3. Gordon McOuat, University of King's College, Halifax Closing Banquet on the Penn Campus Ticketed event. 8:00 pm ­ 10:00 pm

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