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DOWFROST

Inhibited Propylene Glycol-based Heat Transfer Fluid

DOWFROST* heat transfer fluid contains specially formulated packages of industrial inhibitors that help prevent corrosion. Because propylene glycol fluids have low acute oral toxicity, DOWFROST propylene glycol-based fluids are often used in applications where contact with food or beverage products could occur. Recommended use temperature range: -45°C (-50°F) to 120°C (250°F) Suitable applications: secondary cooling and heating, freeze and burst protection of pipes, various deicing, defrosting, and dehumidifying. For health and safety information for this product, contact your Dow sales representative or call the number for your area on the second page of this sheet for a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).

Wt. % Propylene Glycol 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 50.0 55.0 60.0 65.0 70.0 75.0 80.0 85.0 90.0 95.0

Typical Concentrations of DOWFROST Fluid Required to Provide Freeze and Burst Protection at Various Temperatures

Percent DOWFROST Fluid Concentration Required Temperature °C (F°) -7 -12 -18 -23 -29 -34 -40 -46 -51 (20) (10) (0) (-10) (-20) (-30) (-40) (-50) (-60) For Freeze Protection Volume % 18 29 36 42 46 50 54 57 60 For Burst Protection Volume % 12 20 24 28 30 33 35 35 35

NOTE: These figures are examples only and may not be appropriate to your situation. Generally, for an extended margin of protection, you should select a temperature in this table that is at least 3°C (5°F) lower than the expected lowest ambient temperature. Inhibitor levels should be adjusted for solutions of less than 30% glycol. Contact Dow for information on specific cases or further assistance. ATTENTION: These are typical numbers only and are not to be regarded as specifications. As use conditions are not within its control, Dow does not guarantee results from use of the information or products herein; and gives no warranty, express or implied.

Typical Freezing and Boiling Points of DOWFROST Fluid

Vol. % Propylene Glycol 0.0 4.8 9.6 14.5 19.4 24.4 29.4 34.4 39.6 44.7 49.9 55.0 60.0 65.0 70.0 75.0 80.0 85.0 90.0 95.0 Wt. % DOWFROST 0.0 5.2 10.5 15.7 20.9 26.1 31.4 36.6 41.8 47.0 52.3 57.5 62.7 68.0 73.2 78.4 83.6 88.9 94.1 99.3 Vol. % DOWFROST 0.0 5.2 10.0 15.1 20.3 25.5 30.7 36.0 41.4 46.7 52.2 57.5 62.7 68.0 73.2 78.4 83.6 88.9 94.1 99.3 Freezing Point °C (°F) 0 -1.6 -3.3 -5.1 -7.1 -9.6 -12.7 -16.4 -21.1 -26.7 -33.5 -41.6 -51.1 a a a a a a a (32.0) (29.1) (26.1) (22.9) (19.2) (14.7) (9.2) (2.4) (-6.0) (-16.1) (-28.3) (-42.8) (-59.9) Boiling Point °C @ 101 kPa (°[email protected] 760 mmHg) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.6 101.1 102.2 102.8 103.9 104.4 105.6 106.1 107.2 108.3 110.0 113.9 118.3 125.0 132.2 154.4 (212) (212) (212) (212) (213) (214) (216) (217) (219) (220) (222) (223) (225) (227) (230) (237) (245) (257) (270) (310) Degree Brix 0.0 4.8 8.4 12.9 15.4 19.0 22.0 26.1 29.1 31.8 34.7 38.0 40.6 42.1 44.1 46.1 48.0 50.0 51.4 52.8 Refractive Index 22°C (72°F) 1.3328 1.3383 1.3438 1.3495 1.3555 1.3615 1.3675 1.3733 1.3790 1.3847 1.3903 1.3956 1.4008 1.4058 1.4104 1.4150 1.4193 1.4235 1.4275 1.4315

Typical properties, not to be construed as specifications Degree Brix is a measure of the sugar concentration in a fluid and is important in fermentation and syrups applications. Although there is no sugar present in DOWFROST heat transfer fluids, the glycol affects the refractive index of the fluid in a similar fashion. Freezing points are below -50°C (-60°F).

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NOTE: Generally, for an extended margin of protection, you should select a temperature in this table that is at least 3°C (5°F) lower than the expected lowest ambient temperature. Inhibitor levels should be adjusted for solutions of less than 30% glycol. Contact Dow for information on specific cases or further assistance. *Trademark of The Dow Chemical Company

DOWFROST Inhibited Propylene Glycol-based Heat Transfer Fluid

Typical Properties of DOWFROST Fluid

DOWFROST Heat Transfer Fluid Composition (% by weight) Propylene Glycol 96 Performance Additives 4 Color Colorless Specific Gravity 15/15°C (60/60°F) 1.050­1.060 pH of Solution (50% glycol) 9.0 ­10.0 Reserve Alkalinity (min.) 10.0 ml

Saturation Properties of DOWFROST Fluid at 30% Propylene Glycol Concentration by Volume

Temp. °C (°F)

10 40 65 90 120 (50) (104) (149) (194) (248)

Specific Heat kJ/(kg)(K) (Btu/lb°F)

3.821 3.903 3.972 4.041 4.123

Density kg/m3 (lb/ft3)

Therm. Cond. W/mK [Btu/hr ft2 (°F/ft)]

0.4344 0.4622 0.4771 0.4846 0.4838 (0.2510) (0.2670) (0.2757) (0.2800) (0.2795)

Viscosity mPa·s (cps)

4.5068 1.6295 0.9144 0.6040 0.4246 (4.51) (1.63) (0.91) (0.60) (0.42)

(0.913) 1033.71 (64.53) (0.933) 1019.56 (63.65) (0.949) 1004.26 (62.69) (0.966) 985.77 (61.54) (0.985) 959.35 (59.89)

Saturation Properties of DOWFROST Fluid at 40% Propylene Glycol Concentration by Volume

Specific Heat Temp. kJ/(kg)(K) °C (°F) (Btu/lb°F)

-20 10 40 65 90 120 (-4) (50) (104) (149) (194) (248) 3.569 3.668 3.768 3.850 3.933 4.032 (0.853) (0.877) (0.900) (0.920) (0.940) (0.964)

Typical properties, not to be construed as specifications. Complete sales specifications are available on request.

Density kg/m3 (lb/ft3)

1053.16 1042.14 1026.49 1009.90 990.10 962.08 (65.75) (65.06) (64.08) (63.05) (61.81) (60.06)

Therm. Cond. W/mK [Btu/hr ft2 (°F/ft)]

0.3635 0.3936 0.4150 0.4262 0.4313 0.4294 (0.2100) (0.2274) (0.2398) (0.2463) (0.2492) (0.2481)

Viscosity mPa·s (cps)

48.9043 (48.90) 7.2173 (7.22) 2.2389 (2.24) 1.1762 (1.18) 0.7462 (0.75) 0.5084 (0.51)

Saturation Properties of DOWFROST Fluid at 50% Propylene Glycol Concentration by Volume

Temp. °C (°F)

-30 -20 10 40 65 90 120 (-22) (-4) (50) (104) (149) (194) (248)

Specific Heat kJ/(kg)(K) (Btu/lb°F)

3.339 3.378 3.493 3.609 3.706 3.802 3.918 (0.798) (0.807) (0.835) (0.863) (0.886) (0.909) (0.936)

Density kg/m3 (lb/ft3)

1064.83 (66.48) 1061.71 (66.28) 1049.25 (65.50) 1032.17 (64.44) 1014.40 (63.33) 993.42 (62.02) 964.00 (60.18)

Therm. Cond. W/mK [Btu/hr ft2 (°F/ft)]

0.3246 0.3336 0.3560 0.3716 0.3792 0.3821 0.3792 (0.1927) (0.2057) (0.2147) (0.2191) (0.2208) (0.2191)

Viscosity mPa·s (cps)

73.0193 (73.02) 10.6481 (10.65) 3.1103 1.5483 0.9339 0.6029 (3.11) (1.55) (0.93) (0.60)

(0.1875) 172.8273 (172.83)

For further information, call...

In the United States and Canada: 1-800-447-4369 · FAX: 1-989-832-1465 In Europe: +32 3 450 2240 · FAX: +32 3 450 2815 In the Pacific: +886 22 547 8731 · FAX: +886 22 713 0092 In other Global Areas: 1-989-832-1560 · FAX: 1-989-832-1465

www.dowfrost.com

NOTICE: No freedom from any patent owned by Seller or others is to be inferred. Because use conditions and applicable laws may differ from one location to another and may change with time, Customer is responsible for determining whether products and the information in this document are appropriate for Customer's use and for ensuring that Customer's workplace and disposal practices are in compliance with applicable laws and other governmental enactments. Seller assumes no obligation or liability for the information in this document. NO WARRANTIES ARE GIVEN; ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE EXPRESSLY EXCLUDED. Published November 2001

*

Printed in U.S.A.

*Trademark of The Dow Chemical Company

NA/LA/Pacific: Form No. 180-01314-1101 AMS

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