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Humanities 201 The Early Modern World: Tradition and Criticism in Western Culture

(Frontispiece, The Great Instauration, 1620)

Description of Humanities 201

In Humanities 201 we will be studying the period spanning 1350-1791 through an interdisciplinary lens, with particular emphasis on English, History, Art History, and Philosophy. Our exploration will begin will a look at the diverse and sometimes contradictory legacies of Renaissance Humanism, as well as the impact of the Protestant and Catholic Reformations on the peoples of Western Europe. Mid-semester brings us to an age of discovery, both scientific and geographic, as we consider the ways the New Science and New World exploration affected the way both nature and human nature were perceived. We will conclude with an examination of Enlightenment efforts to re-frame both the past and the future to overcome the human predicament: in Rousseau's words, "man is born free and everywhere he is in chains." Central texts for our discussions will include the writings of Machiavelli and Descartes, Shakespeare's Tempest, Milton's Paradise Lost, Vasari's Lives of the Artists and the art of Leonardo da Vinci and Caravaggio, Rousseau's Discourse on the Origins of Inequality, and Mary Wollstonecraft's Vindication of the Rights of Woman. The day-by-day syllabus for Humanities 201, which begins on page five, details your academic obligations for the semester. This semester will also allow you to demonstrate your competency in visual analysis. A short section of your final exam will require you to situate an unfamiliar work of art in its probably cultural, artistic, and historic contexts. Humanities 201 Faculty, Advent 2008 Glenn Kumhera Kelly Malone Andrew Moser Jeanne-Marie Musto Guerry 10 Gailor 24 Guerry 125 Carnegie 301 gkumhera kmalone amoser jmmusto x1370 x3368 x3350 x1493


Required Texts and Materials for Humanities 201

Note: The following materials are available at University Book & Supply and on reserve at duPont.

Coffin, et al. Western Civilizations, volume 2, 16th ed. (Please retain for next semester!) Descartes, Discourse on Method Locke, Second Treatise of Government Luther, On Christian Liberty Machiavelli, The Prince Machiavelli, Mandragola Milton, Paradise Lost Rousseau, Discourse on Inequality Shakespeare, The Tempest Stokstad, Art History, volume 2 (Please retain for next semester!) Vasari, Lives of the Artists Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Women Strunk and White, The Elements of Style (recommended) Humanities 201 Coursepack (available at the Bookstore)



Prentice Hall 0023671602 Hackett Fortress Hackett Waveland Norton Hackett Signet 0915144867 0800636074 0872203166 0917974573 039392428-9 0872201503 0451527127

Prentice Hall 01319940X Oxford Penguin Longman 019283410X 0143037501 0205309023

NB: Students may find the online Grove Dictionary of Art and Grove Dictionary of Music useful resources. These may be accessed through the library home page or at and

Policies and Expectations

Communication: The faculty expects all students to be on e-mail and to read their mail regularly. Information concerning tests, essays, and special events is often disseminated by email. Important information may also be left at your voice mail box or announced in lecture and discussion. You are responsible for all the information disseminated by your instructors in any of these forms. If you must miss a class, be sure you check with a classmate or your instructor. Lecture: Lectures are held in Gailor Lecture Hall. Attendance at lectures is required. Please sign your name on the appropriate attendance sheet. Attendance sheets will be collected at 9:01 to discourage late arrivals.


Seminar: You have been assigned to a specific seminar group. These classes meet in the room indicated for the professor to whom you are assigned. Blackboard: Course materials are available via Blackboard. Some seminar leaders may also maintain a discussion forum for their students. Course Requirements Examinations: There will be a midterm and a final. The midterm exam will contribute 15% toward your final grade; the final will count for 20%. In case of exam conflicts, please ask professors in smaller courses to reschedule. No exams will be administered early. No make-up exams will be given without a serious, documented excuse, approved by the entire Humanities 201 team. Examinations are timed. Students with documented learning differences or disabilities should notify their section leaders of any special considerations during the first week of class. Please present a copy of the letter you have on file with Counseling Services to your instructor at the beginning of the semester so that he or she can arrange for necessary accommodations. Class Participation: 20% of your final grade is determined by your contributions to this course. While regular attendance at class meetings as well as co-curricular events are assumed, simply showing up will not be enough to guarantee you a happy class participation grade: you are expected to contribute through informed and reflective contributions to class discussion, as well as through short formal presentations. Reading quizzes, both scheduled and random, will also be included here, and they may include both Coffin and any primary texts assigned for the day's discussion. Reading Assignments: All assigned reading should be completed prior to the lecture or discussion for which it is assigned. You must bring the relevant text(s) with you to lectures and discussions. Paper Assignments: Four short papers, collectively worth 30% of your grade, plus one longer interdisciplinary paper, worth 15% of your grade, are due on the dates specified on your syllabus. Papers are due at the opening of class on the date assigned. Your instructor may choose to accept papers via email at his or her own discretion, and you should make sure you understand what the policy will be for your own section. Late papers will be penalized. Technical problems or computer glitches will not serve as an excuse for late work. You are encouraged to take drafts of all your papers to a writing tutor. Please note that all your papers should be critical essays that identify a significant question, advance a genuine (i.e., debatable) thesis in answer to that question, and offer supporting textual evidence. Papers should be characterized by compelling logic and careful documentation of texts. Please do not use outside sources of any kind unless you have received your seminar instructor's specific permission to do so (i.e. a pastiche of information from Wikipedia is not an acceptable response to a paper assignment, here or anywhere).


Short papers: Each of your short papers should be 800-1200 words in length (please run a word count check on your paper, and write the number of words at the top.) The range of short paper assignments is designed to help you develop the analytical and argumentative skills required by several academic disciplines in the humanities. Specific assignments will be distributed a few weeks in advance of the paper due date. Long paper: Your long paper should be 2000-2400 words in length (again, please run a word count check on your paper, and record this information on the first page). For your last paper you may choose your own topic, which must be approved by the professor leading your section. This paper must be interdisciplinary: that is, it must draw upon primary sources of at least two different types. But to be successful, your paper must go beyond pointing out "differences" and "similarities": while such connections offer you a means of discovery, they do not constitute an end in themselves. Make sure your argument supports a clear and significant thesis, which should be convincingly supported by evidence from the primary texts you choose to discuss. Useful Sources Before starting your first paper, read the instructions on writing a paper for Humanities on the Blackboard site, under the Syllabus heading. Be sure, too, to consult Strunk and White's Elements of Style, purchased last year at the start of Humanities. Sewanee Writing Center As you work on your papers in this course, you are encouraged to use the Writing Center. The tutors are students who have done outstanding work in their own writing courses and offer sympathetic responses to their fellow students' work. To make an appointment (at least 24 hours in advance), use express messaging (3001) to dial x3232 and leave a message with your name, time desired, and a number where your appointment can be confirmed. Otherwise, just stop by the Center at least 30 minutes before closing time. For best results, bring your draft (hard copy or electronic version) and the written instructions for the assignment. For more information, visit their website: Avoiding plagiarism Prepare your papers without consulting the Internet. Your goal in this class is to learn how to grapple with significant texts that both reflect and inform early modern culture. That's hard. In contrast, gleaning the fruits of someone else's effort is easy. If you do it without citation, it's also plagiarism. Contrary to popular misconception, stuff you find on the Internet is not yours for the taking. If you do use a secondary source (having first obtained your instructor's very explicit permission), you need to document it scrupulously, clearly indicating where the outside


material begins and ends by using signal phrases ("According to Coffin . . . ") and parenthetical page references. While many students struggle with the formalities of citation, it is quite easy to avoid real, bona fide plagiarism: do not hand in anyone else's paper, and do not download and hand in anything from the Internet. As always, your pledge is our guarantee that your paper represents the fruit of your labor. Schedule of Classes

1. Friday, August 29 Lecture: Professor Kumhera, "A Crisis of Medieval Order: Plagues, Popes, and Petrarch in the Fourteenth Century" 2. Monday, September 1 Discussion: Boccaccio, Petrarch Readings: Boccaccio, selection from Decameron; Petrarch, Letters to Cicero, Letter to Posterity, and The Ascent of Mount Ventoux (Coursepack); Coffin, pp. 442-450. 3. Wednesday, September 3 Lecture: Professor Malone, "Sacred and Profane Love: Petrarch's Rime Sparse and Petrarchanism" Reading: Petrarch, Rime Sparse (handout) 4. Friday, September 5 Discussion: Renaissance Men and Women Readings: Pico della Mirandola, Oration on the Dignity of Man; Castiglione, The Courtier; Vergerius, The New Education (all selections from your Coursepack) 5. Monday, September 8 Lecture: Professor Musto, "Framing the Rebirth of Western Art" Reading: Coffin, 422-27 and 451-459 Stokstad, ch. 17, "Fourteenth-Century Art in Europe," pp. 553-72 (section on Italy): focus on intro, Cimabue and Giotto. · ch. 19, "Renaissance Art in Fifteenth-Century Italy," pp. 619-28 (intro; 1st half of the 15th c.): focus on intro, Bruneleschi and Alberti · ch. 19 (continued), pp. 640-56 (Italian Art in the Second Half of the 15th C.): focus on Alberti · ch. 20, "Sixteenth-Century Art in Italy," pp. 659-77 (intro; through section on "Three Great Artists"): focus on intro and Leonardo Robert Klein and Henri Zerner, eds., Italian Art, 1500-1600, Sources and Documents (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1966), 4-9: Leonardo da Vinci on the comparative merits of the arts


Images: Stokstad figs. 17-6 (Cimabue); 17-7 to 17-10 (Giotto); 19-2 to 19-5 (Brunelleschi); 19-8 (Alberti); 22-2 to 22-4 (Leonardo). 6. Wednesday, September 10 Discussion: da Vinci and Vasari Reading: Vasari, Lives of the Artists, pp. 1-36: Preface to pt. 1; Cimabue; Giotto; · pp. 47-58: Preface to pt. 2; · pp. 110-46: Bruneleschi; · pp. 178-84: Alberti · pp. 277-98: Preface to pt. 3; Leonardo. Josiah Fisk, ed., Composers on Music: Eight Centuries of Writings, 2nd ed. (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1997), 5-7: Johannes Tinctoris Suggested Listening: excerpt from music by Tinctoris 7. Friday, September 12 Lecture: Professor Kumhera, "Machiavelli and the Drama of Politics: Acting on the Stage of History" Reading: Machiavelli, The Prince 8. Monday, September 15 Faculty and Student Discussion on The Prince (go to Gailor 11). Guest moderator: Brown Patterson, Professor Emeritus 9. Wednesday, September 17 Discussion: The Prince 10. Friday, September 19 Reading and Discussion: Machiavelli, Mandragola Short paper #1 due at the beginning of class. 11. Monday, September 22 Lecture: Professor Kumhera, "Here I Stand: Martin Luther, the Individual, and Authority" Reading: Coffin, 473-490 12. Wednesday, September 24 Discussion: Luther, On Christian Liberty 13. Friday, September 26 Discussion: Luther and Calvin Readings: Luther, On Christian Liberty; Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion


14. Monday, September 29 Lecture: Professor Moser, "Skepticism and the Politics of Human Fallibility." Reading: Apology for Raymond Sebond (Coursepack) 15. Wednesday, October 1 Discussion: Montaigne Short paper #2 due at the beginning of class. 16. Friday, October 3 Discussion: The New World Readings: Montaigne, Of Cannibals; Vespucci, Account of His First Voyage (Coursepack) Coffin, pp. 427-438 17. Monday, October 6: MIDTERM EXAM 18. Wednesday, October 8 Lecture: Professor Musto, "Back to Nature? Caravaggio and the End of Renaissance Idealism" Readings: Coffin: 528-32 Stokstad, ch. 20, pp. 687-92 ("Art and the Counter-Reformation") · ch. 22, pp. 743-806, "Baroque Art." Images: Stokstad fig. 20-28 and 20-29 (Michelangelo); 20-31 and 20-32 (Il Gesù); 22-13 through 22-19 (Annibale Caracci, Caravaggio and Artemisia Gentileschi). 19. Friday, October 10 Discussion: Caravaggio and Monteverdi Readings: from Coursepack: Giovanni Pietro Bellori, The lives of the modern painters, sculptors and architects, translated by Alice Sedgwick Wohl with notes by Hellmut Wohl; introduction, Tomaso Montanari (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005): · 57-62: "The Idea" · 71-77: "Life of Annibale Carracci" (stop at "Images of Virtue") · 179-86: "Michelangelo da Caravaggio" Josiah Fisk, ed., Composers on Music: Eight Centuries of Writings, 2nd ed. (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1997), 15-18: excerpts from Monteverdi's writings (handout) Music: Selections from Monteverdi's Orfeo and 1610 Vespers (on Blackboard) 20. Monday, October 13 Discussion: The English Reformation Reading: "The Death of Archbishop Cranmer" from John Foxe, Actes and Monuments; Richard Hooker, excerpt from Learned Discourse on Justification (Coursepack) Coffin, 490-495


21. Wednesday, October 15: Lecture: Professor Malone, "`This Thing of Darkness I Acknowledge Mine': Savagery and Civilization in The Tempest" Reading: The Tempest 22. Friday, October 17: Fall Break (no class) 23. Monday, October 20: Discussion: The Tempest 24. Wednesday, October 22: Discussion: The Tempest. 25. Friday, October 24: Lecture: Professor Moser: "The Quest for Certainty: Archimedean Points and Unshakeable Foundations" Readings: Francis Bacon, The Great Instauration (Coursepack) Coffin, 578-601 26. Monday, October 27 Discussion: Bacon and Descartes Reading: Rene Descartes, Discourse on Method 27. Wednesday, October 29 Discussion: Descartes 28. Friday, October 31: Lecture: Professor Musto, "Eye of the Imagination": The Jesuit Order and Baroque Spectacle" Readings: Coffin, 495-499 Review Stokstad readings from class 18 (Oct. 8). Evonne Levy, Propaganda and the Jesuit Baroque (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2004), chap. 5, pp. 184-232, "Diffusion" (on Blackboard). Short paper #3 due at the beginning of class. 29. Monday, November 3 Discussion of reading and topics from last Friday. 30. Wednesday, November 5 Lecture: Kelly Malone, "The Rebel Angels: Milton's Christian Epic" Reading: Paradise Lost, Books 1 and 2


31. Friday, November 7 Discussion: Milton Reading: Paradise Lost, Books 3 and 4 32. Monday, November 10 Discussion: Milton Reading: Paradise Lost, Books 5 and 9 33. Wednesday, November 12 Discussion: Milton Reading: Paradise Lost, Books 10 and 12 Short paper #4 due at the beginning of class. 34. Friday, November 14 Lecture: Professor Moser, "The Roots of Liberalism and the Rise of Revolution" Readings: Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (Coursepack); John Locke, Second Treatise of Government 35. Monday, November 17 Discussion: Hobbes and Locke 36. Wednesday, November 19 Lecture: Professor Malone, "Singing for the King: Henry Purcell and the Restoration Court" Listening text: Dido and Aeneas; reading: libretto (on Blackboard) 37. Friday, November 21 Lecture: Professor Musto, "Neoclassicism and the Historicization of Antiquity" Readings: Stokstad ch. 29, "Eighteenth-Century Art in Europe and the Americas," pp. 941-82. Lorenz Eitner, ed., Neoclassicism and Romanticism 1750-1850: An Anthology of Sources and Documents (New York: Harper and Row, 1989), 4-29: excerpts from Johann Joachim Winckelmann's Nachahmung (1755) and Geschichte der Kunst des Altertums (1764); from Gotthold Ephraim Lessing's Laocoön (1766), and from Piranesi, Magnificenza ed Architettura de'Romani (1761-62). Images: Stokstad 29-16 (Mengs); 29-17 (Canova); 29-23 (Adam); 29-24 to 29-25 (Wedgewood). Other images to be determined. 38. Monday, November 24 Discussion: readings assigned for last Friday's lecture *****THANKSGIVING BREAK BEGINS AT 5PM ON 11/25*****


39. Monday, December 1 Lecture: Professor Moser, "Reason, Progress, and Enlightenment" Readings: Holbach, selection from The System of Nature (Coursepack) Coffin, 604-627 40. Wednesday, December 3 Discussion: Jean-Jacques Rousseau Reading: Discourse on the Origins of Inequality 41. Friday, December 5 Discussion: Rousseau, continued 42. Monday, December 8 Discussion: Mary Wollestonecraft Reading: Vindication of the Rights of Woman 43. Wednesday, December 10 Discussion: Wollestonecraft, continued Long paper due at the beginning of class. FINAL EXAMINATION: 9:00 A.M. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 16



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