Read QI2010%20Abstracts.pdf text version

S I X T H I N T E R N AT I O N A L

Congress of Qualitative Inquiry

May 26-29, 2010 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign www.icqi.org

A Ram, Kim, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. A Qualitative Study on the recognition for the Internationalization of Y University Students Y University is one of the most internationalized universities in South Korea, so there are many foreign students. Moreover, it also provides diversity programs in relation to internationalization. However, most research focused on the estimate the standard of institution's internationalization, so it's rare for research focused on the student's recognition.This study aims to provide an understanding and explanation of the process of recognitions, conflicts, and solutions of native students of Y University. For this study, as a qualitative methodology, I choose the Phenomenography content-oriented and interpretative descriptions of the qualitatively different ways in which people perceive and understand their reality. I collected data from four native students of University. Through my research, I found that participants have different concepts of internationalization with faculties of Y University. So they are in conflict and also trying to resolve it by themselves. Acerra, Marsha, Binghamton University Complicit Resistance? Contemporary relations of power and the Western intellectual's role with them requires an examination of the intersection of a theory of representation and the political economy. (Spivak, 1988, p. 271) In this presentation/performance, two feminist researchers reflexively and comparatively examine their efforts to decolonize and democratize research conducted within the powerknowledge nexus of the Euroamerican academe. The contradictory and multilayered relations of power and privilege the researchers embody and attempt to subvert in and through research questions and processes are analyzed through a mixed media presentation. The intent is to grapple with issues of representation, exploitation and ultimately social purpose. Acevedo, Diana, Universidad de Antioquia PROBABILIDAD: AN_èLISIS E INTERPRETACI_çN DE DATOS El proyecto de investigacion cualitativa: Comprension del concepto de probabilidad en estudiantes de la interfase bachillerato universidad, que tiene como marco teorico la Ense_Òanza para la Comprension, responde a la crisis existente con respecto al proceso de ense_Òanza y aprendizaje de la probabilidad. Se pretende compartir con la comunidad internacional un analisis e interpretacion de los datos recolectados mediante un estudio de casos, usando distintas fuentes: mapas conceptuales, portafolios de actividades, entrevistas, entre otros, como una manera de estudiar a profundidad una situacion escolar particular, en este caso la comprension del concepto de probabilidad. Adams, Tony E, Northeastern Illinois University The "Making" and "Molding" of Fathers and Sons In this project, I illustrate how writing can "make" and "mold" a relationship (Hacking, 1995). In particular, I show how my writings about me and my father have made and molded us_éåhave written us into existence. I describe how this happens not only with our (embodied) times together but also with my experience of our relationship absent each others' (physical) presence.

2

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Adams, Tony E., Northeastern Illinois University Autoethnographic Reflections on Meta-Autoethnography In her groundbreaking book, Revision: Autoethnographic Reflections on Life and Work, Carolyn Ellis develops the practice of "meta-autoethnography"_éåthe active process of reflecting upon one's autoethnographic work, and bringing new layers of interpretation, story, and understanding to bear upon the lives written into our texts. This roundtable session will focus on the various possibilities implicated in the practice of meta-autoethnographic reflexivity, as we seek to strengthen and invigorate autoethnographic praxis. Panelists will address how autoethnographers wrestle with_éåand how meta-autoethnography can help us advance and engage_éånew meanings for ethics, close relationships, human dignity, and care for the other as we write lives. (This is the abstract for the entire session). Agudelo, Felipe, Universidad de Antioquia Environmental Justice as a Way to Achieve Social Equality It's very crucial to understand how people think and react about their environmental reality, basically in a world where new urban development and country morphologies generate social, residential and environmental segregations and inequality. Right now, we have moved from a local to a global society, where local environmental actions have a global impact. For example, water utilization and access must be considered as a determinant of quality of life and social justice, having in mind that access of vulnerable populations to natural resources has a dramatic effect on their living conditions. Considering that every single person has the right to thrive in a clean and healthy environment, being this one a determinant of human welfare and social activities. Agudelo, Felipe, University of Antioquia Local Perceptions of Social & Environmental Risk Pointing to a Global Community Change: The Case of La Divisa Neighborhood in Medellin This research is an ethnographic study which pretended to identify from the perception of the habitants of a neighborhood who suffers economically and environmental injustice, the environmental and social risk factors in their community, having as a main subject the sociological and economical determinants, the environmental habits who are risky to the Public Health, besides all the present risks in their social, natural and physical environment, with the final objective to be organized and to give possible solutions from the actors to their entire community, so they will start working as a sustainable and empowered society. Agudelo, Felipe, University of Antioquia An ethnographic study about the social and culturals aspects around the Tubectomy in diferent cities in the Antioquia region See Piedrahita, Raul Aguilar, Jemel, University of Texas at Austin Identity Distortion: A Qualitative Exploration of Adolescents in Treatment See Lippman, Angie

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

3

Aguilar, Patricia, Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Dra See COLIN, ARACELI Aguilar, Patricia, Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Relatos oniricos de adolescentes indigenas margina See COLIN, ARACELI Aguilar, Patricia, Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Relatos Oniricos de Adolescentes Indigenas Margina See COLIN, ARACELI Aguirre-Armendariz, Elizabeth, UAB La sequia como desastre natural: el poder de un re Decidi utilizar en mi tesis de doctorado la autoetnografia como metodo de investigacion. Se que esto amplio mis posibilidades de indagacion. En una cancion encontre otra punta del hilo de la trama que seguia desde hacia tiempo: el reconocimiento de la sequia como desastre natural. Un nuevo encuentro con la sequia sin haber escuchado ni una sola vez la palabra sequia en dicha cancion pero yo sabia que estaba alli. TMõQue papel jugo la cancion Do They Know It's Christmas en torno a la hambruna que sufrio Etiopia en particular y a la sequia en general? Aguirre, Ana Cristina, Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona A political matter, Human Rights for changing logics We carried out a Critical Ethnography about a civil commission of humans rights. We argue that human rights activism can question the authority by demanding institutional responsibility and by denouncing the logic of true that government might impose in and about social conflicts.Likewise, we find that an organized expression of civil society can destabilize a logic of true by using different dispositives such as press, testimony reports and audiovisuals. The challenge is to describe this complex process and to transmit it by using and inhabiting performative figures that can give account of the acts that made it possible. These figures are used as metaphors to create different effects on reality, as words that can perform different logics to talk about the same processes and as open paths, that give us different ways of reading of what is happening. Ahlgren, Katherine, University of Wisconsin-Madison Perceptions of Educational Settings Both general and special educators influence placement decisions for students identified with emotional disturbance (ED) in elementary schools. Researchers suggest educators perceive that children with ED pose nuanced and pronounced challenges in general education settings. Currently, there is a void in scholarship that provides a cogent analysis of educator's perceptions and experiences that influence decision-making about educational setting for students with ED. Focus groups and individual interviews will comprise the qualitative approach to this study, informing the field about how teacher perceptions relate to placement practices and decisions.Specifically, this research highlights both general and

4

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

special educators' perceptions concerning educational settings for students with ED, as well as factors that affect their recommendations, and their perspectives of the influences of contextual features of classrooms upon decisions. Ahn, Elise S., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Shifting Notions of Citizenship and Nationhood: The Turkish Case Language functions as the basis for human communication, symbolically promoting social cohesion, and allowing a nation to share a common culture and history. Thus, the Turkish context is an interesting case. Driven by a desire to modernize the Republic and break from its Ottoman past, one of the most dramatic reforms instituted after establishment of the Turkish Republic (1923) was the Turkish language reform. Using both legal document analysis and ArcGIS mapping, this paper asks the following questions: 1.What challenges and issues are being raised regarding the link between language and national identity as the ideological building blocks of the Turkish Republic are being challenged?2. In what ways, can emerging technologies and existing databases be utilized for robust research? This paper contributes to the existing body of language policy literature by taking an interdisciplinary approach to look at the larger socioeconomic contexts in which language policies are produced. Ahn, Yeojin, Alliant International University Migrant Parents & Involuntary Child Therapy This poster will delineate phenomenological research. This study aimed to understand the experience of migrant parents whose children are receiving involuntary/mandated therapy in Southern California. Interviews were conducted with eight individuals who were either immigrants or refugees and who had a child receiving involuntary/mandated therapy. Giorgi's phenomenological approach was utilized to analyze interview transcripts. The essence of the phenomenon of migrant parents whose children are receiving involuntary/mandated therapy was discovered through descriptions of the participants' experiences. Five constituents were generated. Topics covered included the levels of cultural sensitivity of the therapists, the acceleration of the acculturation process, the change in participants' identities, positive outcomes of therapy, and attainment of new skills. Ahumada, Luis, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso Fashioning teachersTMæ identity to new public management in Chile See Sisto, Vicente Aiello, Berta, Universidad Nacional del Sur Mi relaci__n con el saber didactico: un relato autoetnografico See Monetti, Elda Aiello, Berta, Universidad Nacional del Sur Reconociendo la complejidad: decisiones metodologicas singulares See Monetti, Elda

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

5

Akai, Naoko, Teachers College, Columbia University A Porous Nested Structure: Reading is Writing is Reading "Can anyone possess language?" asks Derrida. He argues that language is unnaturally processed and appropriated but is not a natural possession of anyone. Within this argument,possessive pronouns, such as "my" language, do not hold. Nonetheless, we researcher-writers can't help feeling possessive of "our" writing. Two decades ago, Britzman warned of the authority of language, writing and reading in qualitative research. However, what surprisingly is lacking in the arguments on writing qualitative inquiry, particularly narrative, is attention to readers who actualize "our" writing through reading it and simultaneously writing their narratives in(to) readings. What results from narrative inquiry are readers' other narratives. The author troubles Reader Response theories by constructing an experimental narrative in which a concatenation of reading and writing narrative recurs, thus rendering "my" narrative into a nested structure with porous walls. Akbaba, Toper, Turkish National Ministry of Education Evaluation of Curriculum Development Studies According to Basic Features in Turkey since 2004 In this study, curriculum development studies in recent years in Turkey were evaluated regarding to area of educational science and principles of curriculum development. In addition, the effects of the current curriculum development studies on the educational reform were examined. It is clear that Turkey has made important progress in curriculum development studies as the first step of educational reform. It is supported by evidence that developed new curriculum gives active learning prominence, and supports student centered education. Furthermore, new curriculum allows not only the outcomes of evaluating but also the tools regarding process in the assessment. In many research projects related to this subject demonstrated that the current curriculum development studies, as the first step of educational reform, activate the educational system, and cause a discussion over the curriculum. Albarr_¯n Osc__s, Eduardo Alejandro, Investigaci__n cualitativa: el falso debate entre l See Luj_¯n Ponce, Noem__ Albon, Nerissa M., Monash University, Victoria, Australia. Indigenous Epistemologies in the United Arab Emirates: A Personal Narrative This paper outlines the experiences of a past elementary school principal, now a teacher educator, during a fifteen month contract as a management advisor in a Muslim girl's school in the United Arab Emirates. This middle school was one of several schools involved in a school reform program that commenced in 2007. Using my own journal entries as a data source I discuss the imposition of a Western approach to school reform in a Muslim context. Issues of freedom, power and dominance of a Western approach to school reform will be analysed in light of recommendations for a more sustainable process of school improvement.

6

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Alcantar, Jose Aurelio Granados, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo Las historias de vida transnacionales para construir la identidad de la ciudad de Chicago a traves de las experiencias etnica gastronomica See Pizarro Hernandez, Karina Pizarro Alegre, Sarah Monte, Univesiry of Campinas Qualitative Research in Complementary and Alternative Medicine: a metasynthesis See De Barros, Nelson Filice Allen, Mitchell, Mills College Principles and Practices of Community-Based ResearchComparing Health and Heritage Studies See Mayan, Maria J. Allen, Susan L, Kansas State University Picturing the `Blessed Unrest': Organic Balance, Problem Solving & Nonviolence This poster session illustrates why the nonviolence axiom, "Want peace, work for justice" is actually an equation: "Want sustainable systems? Practice nonviolence." Through a series of drawings, I will show why what I call "every day nonviolence" is a logical, inclusive, and non-moralistic way to make and maintain healthy relationship systems; a relatively safer way to discuss conflicts and achieve organic balance; as well as an overarching conceptual and organizing model for single-issue social change groups. Altun, Dilek, Middle East Technical University Evaluation of Early Childhood Play According to Parents' View Evaluation of Early Childhood Play According to Parents' ViewDilek ALTUN, Middle East Technical UniversityThe aim of this study is to be posed parents' perceptions about concept of play, value and effect of play in early childhood, involvement of their children' play, and cases that they want to learn about play. Play is very important for their development. In the view of children, most of children play is at home and around it. Parents' view of play is getting more important. Data are collected by using interview and open-ended techniques. This study is performed in three preschools with high, middle, and low socioeconomic status in Ankara. The sample included is 60 parents. As a result of research parents' view about early childhood play is examined included in terms of different variances, the results revealed that parents need to be supported and to be proposed some solutions. Alvarez, Vincente, San Francisco State University Without a Map: Locating Friendship in Queer Times and Places See Fritsch, Aaron

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

7

Alzate Yepes, Teresita, Universidad de Antioquia Exclusi__n dentro de la inclusi__n en educaci__n supe Para identificar problematicas incidentes en el bajo rendimiento academico de indigenas estudiantes de la Universidad de Antioquia se hicieron entrevistas y grupos focales en Nutricion-Dietetica Educacion-Fisica y Veterinaria Resultados diversidad etnica y cultural determinada por caracteristicas de las comunidades de origen el tipo de educacion recibida en basica y media es fuente de diferencias en la insercion adaptacion participacion satisfaccion y rendimiento academico. La problematica indigena configurada por condiciones como desarraigo alimentacion habitat relaciones y principalmente la formacion en lengua nativa es el mayor dispositivo de exclusi__n para el que la universidad no gestiona mecanismos de inclusion iniciales. Amalia, Sari Yuni, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Preparing Teachers for English Learners in ESL/EFL International Contexts See Machida, Tomohisa Amalia, Yuni Sari, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Indonesian National Policies to Decentralizing Curriculum: What the Teachers Think Education is political (Apple, 1995). This has certainly seen to be true in the case of Indonesia and its recent education reforms. In 2004, the Indonesian government issued an instruction for a decentralized and competence-based curriculum, one of which is for the teaching of English. The study discovered how teachers perceived the new approach instruction and how it affected their current practices. The data were analyzed using Freire's perspective, which critiques the concept of educational banking and promote critical thinking; a concept not often associated with Indonesian educational reflections. The findings show how teachers perceive curriculum reforms and how they and their students try to adapt to the changes. Amante, Lucia Nazareth, "The History of Life patients that suffer from Morbid Obesity--An Experience in South of Brazil" See Padilha, Maria Itayra Anarbaeva, Samara M, Bowling Green State University Fashioning self online Cyberspace offers an abundance of opportunities to create, interact, communicate, and retrieve information. This paper will explore the fashioning of the self online through online social networks. Appearances seem to be as important online as they are offline. Therefore, we need to examine identity and how fashion forms the self offline and online. Online, we represent ourselves in certain ways, so others can see what we look like, what our avatars look like, ultimately reflecting on our identity. I will look at networks like Second Life and YouTube in order to examine the world of fashion online. Fashion is prominent industry both offline and online, it is a choice we make every day to make a statement. So how do we make meaning out of our fashion choices when representing our-

8

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

selves online? How does fashion online and offline affect our gender identity? These are the questions that will be examined in this paper. It is a visual and textual analysis as well as a cyberethnography. Anders, Allison Daniel, University of Tennessee Derrick Bell and Considerations in the Naming of White Allies This paper addresses the production and naming of white allies and argues that the use of such an identity keeps success stories in racial justice work, white. We introduce the historic use of white ally and then analyze contemporary use and criteria from document analysis and interview data. Specifically, we address the contemporary use of the identity in relationship to Derrick Bell's (1993) position in critical race theory regarding the permanence of racism. We consider the implications of his position for white allies and communities of color and argue that redemptive success stories remain a possibility for whites only in collaborative struggles for racial justice. Bell, D. (1993). Faces at the bottom of the well: The permanence of racism. NY: Basic Books. Anderson-Sathe, Laurie, St. Catherine University Interactive Design in a Transpelvic Prosthetic Fitting: Patient-Practitioner's Narratives See Olafson, Janet Anderson, Connie Wilson, Texas Tech University Developing Teacher Leadership Capacity of Mentor Teachers: A Case Study of a Master Mentor Teacher Certificate Program See Myers, Susan Anderson, Kate, National Institue of Education, NTU Constructing an identity with digital storytelling in a Singapore context See Wales, Prudence Ellen Anderson, Mandi, Iowa State University Making Meaning of and Lived-Through Experiences with Long-Term Care System: Case Study of People Living with Disabilities and Their Caregivers in Iowa See Polush, Elena Anderson, Myrdene, Purdue University Translating Living To Experience To A Life See Chawla, Devika Andries, Caroline, Vrije Universiteit Brussel Constructing narratives of loss: ethical challenges for an arts-based project with families in poverty and homeless people See Puttemans, Karen

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

9

Angelone, Lauren, Ohio State University Transforming Data through Multiple Analyses: One S In this synoptic chart, developed at the end of a series of assignments for a graduate level qualitative research class under Patti Lather, I try to show the new insights into the qualitative data analysis process that evolved over the course of these assignments. I visually represent the way my data started as a gray mass of transcribed information into a rich, colorful piece with depth. Once I began to ingest the data, I realized that my initial question started to change and become more focused. I began to hone in on details that I may not have in my initial figuring of field notes. I began to attempt to understand the context and the power struggles going on behind the scenes. I began to see what was invisible at first glance. I also show that this is not the end. Through continued iterations of this process and visits to the field or the literature, the data will transform again and again. Angelone, Lauren, Ohio State University Word Clouds for Data Analysis Word clouds are used for a variety of reasons on the internet, but they can also be utilized by qualitative researchers as a way to look at their data from yet another angle. This poster is an introduction to examples of this recent (and free) technological tool that could be utilized by qualitative researchers. Word clouds can be a quick and useful tool for qualitative researchers. For example, word clouds can be a starting point for identifying codes in the data. They could also be a wake-up call of sorts to help you identify oft-repeated words or phrases that might be looked over as data becomes all-consuming and overwhelming. Word clouds are, in other words, just another way to look at your data afforded by recent technology. Arg_ßelles, Patricia, Pontificia Universidad Cat__lica de Chile Participaci__n ciudadana en el dise_Òo de la pol__tic En este art__culo se describen las representaciones sociales que subyacen en las opiniones, ideas valoraciones y cr__ticas con respecto a la participaci__n ciudadana en la educaci__n p__blica que permitan comprender el sentido social e imaginario expresado en los discurso de los distintos actores sociales. A partir del m_todo An_¯lisis Estructural del Discurso, se propone la construcci__n un modelo actancial que permite la organizaci__n y combinaci__n de las representaciones sobre la participaci__n de la ciudadan__a en democracia y en la elaboraci__n de la pol__tica educativa permitiendo de esta manera explicar y comprender la l__gica interna de estas relaciones y, particularmente, de las combinaciones derivadas de su estructura.Se concluye que para los diversos actores educativos la participaci__n ciudadana es una pieza clave para dise_Òo de una pol__tica pertinente e inclusiva que permita encaminar la educaci__n chilena en el inicio de este nuevo siglo. Armstrong, Michael, The Georgia Progress Check System See White, Jianglan

10

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Arroyave-Bernal, Carlos-Andres, Universidad Nacional de Colombia La biograf__a sociocl__nica como herramienta metodol Esta ponencia se basa en la articulaci__n de una propuesta metodol__gica con un enfoque cualitativo sociol__gico que pretende mediante la creaci__n de una biograf__a sociocl__nica analizar la construcci__n social de la enfermedad en la profesi__n m_dica en la trayectoria social del m_dico como paciente de c_¯ncer mediante la lectura de aspectos tales como el dolor y el sufrimiento el diagn__stico y el tratamiento la asimilaci__n de la enfermedad y la confrontaci__n del padecimiento frente a la muerte y la relaci__n parad__jica entre conocimiento experto m_dico frente a la propia enfermedad captando as__ elementos socioculturales ocultos y subjetivos de la enfermedad Artiles, Alfredo J., Arizona State University Newly-arrived Muslim refugee students' formation of identities as learners in the United States See Bal, Aydin Askelson, Debra , Northern Illinois University Selected Middle-Aged Women's Stories of Wellness and Hatha Yoga: Implications for Adult Education Programming Review of a qualitative dissertation examining perceptions of seven middleaged women enrolled in a Hatha Yoga class, from 1 to 8 years, regarding the influence of Hatha Yoga on their wellness. The broad purpose of the study was to contribute to the understanding of adult education wellness programming for middle-aged women. Data collection for the study focused on middle-aged women, Hatha Yoga, and three wellness components: physical, mental, and spiritual. This study offers a holistic means for adult education programming to address the need for middle-aged women to maintain wellness as well as develop individually and collectively. Askin, Siddika, Dumlupinar University Qualitative Analysis of Mothers' Views Regarding Quality Time See Temur, Turan Astete Cereceda, Marco, Autonoma de Barcelona Procesos de subjetivacion en torno al sujeto drogo En el siguiente estudio se indagan las practicas discursivas institucionales en torno al sujeto drogodependiente en Chile Para ello se propone un acercamiento heterogeneo a los datos a traves de algunos principios de la Teoria Fundamentada y el Analisis del Discurso Se trabaja de esta forma un analisis cualitativo que permite un juego dialectico entre la emergencia de categorias desde el corpus y su abstraccion teorica emergente. Las herramientas desarrolladas favorecen la interpelacion del texto permitiendo construir m_¯s pertinentemente los procesos de subjetivacion en relacion al drogodependiente El procedimiento actua por tanto como una salida alternativa a marcos de investigacion que se orientan comunmente por hipotesis deductivas que no siempre facilitan el trabajo interpretativo requerido para este tipo de estudios

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

11

Athens, Lonnie, Park's Notion of Collective Behavior as the Foundation for a `Radical Interactionism' Robert E. Park used the notion of "collective behavior" in both a specific and generic sense. He used it specifically to refer to the sub-field of sociology that focuses only on the emergence of new social institutions in society. However, he also used it generically to refer to collective activity in general. For Park, collective activity under his generic definition of the term constitutes the basic unit of analysis for field of sociology. An examination of collective behavior as Park generically defined it reveals that he sees it as comprising six key components, one of which is "status." Park's inclusion of status as a critical component of all collective activity is of enormous importance because it opens the door for the creation of a new form of interactionism, which I have dubbed "radical interactionism." Symbolic interactionism is primarily based on the work of George Herbert Mead and his protégé, Herbert Blumer, whereas radical interactionism is based primarily on Park's work. Thus, unlike symbolic interactionism, radical interactionism makes "status" a critical and, thereby, necessary component of all our collective endeavors. Atkinson, Becky, University of Alabama Teacher Resistance to the Reflective Practitioner Ideal as a Reflective Response to an Economy of Deficits and Merits In this paper, I examine how teachers' resistance to the ideal of the reflective practitioner expressed in focus group conversations about teachers' reflective narratives illustrates the confounding irony in the normalizing of an ideal that promotes autonomous and agentic decision-making. Undergirding this irony are two conflicting assumptions: 1) reflection has unique relevance to teaching, and 2) teachers must be taught to reflect and their reflective thinking must be observed, documented, evaluated and formalized to make sure it is being engaged. I offer a discussion of this irony as a product of the "culture of redemption" (Popkewitz, 1998), that operates through an economy of deficits and merits by which the pastoral power animating teacher education "cares" for its "flock" so as to "fit" its members for the redemptive work of teaching. Atkinson, Becky, University of Alabama Reader Response Theory and Narrative Inquiry: A Relational Form of Criticism for a Relational Form of Inquiry This paper uses reader response theory to explore several examples of how teachers' responses to teachers' published narratives of practice suggest criteria by which the merits of narrative inquiry scholarship might be considered. Examination of the qualities of readers'/listeners' often oppositional appropriations of narrative representations acknowledges the relational nature of narrative and holds narrative scholarship accountable for the consequences of its representations for its related communities. Reader response theory allows us to see readers' differences in interpretation as inevitable but useful for examining how educators and education scholars can learn to read and talk with each other about their craft within a critical community of readers.

12

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Austin, Zubin, University of Toronto Demystifying `Ethnography' in Health Science Research See Beales, Jennifer D. Avci, Omer , Northern Illinois University New Technologies and Qualitative Research: The Digital Camera as a Primary Data Collection Tool See Sen, Anindya Bagley, Carl, Durham University Undocumented Historias in the Desert of Dreams Grounded in Critical Race Theory (CRT) and life history work with undocumented Mexican-American students the presentation considers how moving from a `context of discovery' to a `context of presentation' (Plath, 1990: 376) a politicised re-envisioning can occur in which counter-histories are co-created into an evocative and transformative performance text: `Undocumented Historias in the Desert of Dreams'. The presentation reveals how the combination of CRT, life history and live performance can function as a means to legitimize, empower and promote the voices of the marginalised and dispossessed; evoking their experiential and sensual knowledge to co-recover and interrogate a shared memory and history while simultaneously enriching an anti-colonialist critique of the dominant social order (Nebeker,'1998) Bagley, Carl, The Ethnographer as Impresario-Joker: Toward a Performance Ethic The presentation contends that the use of these artistic genres while creating new opportunities for engaging and enacting the complexities of twenty-first century realities also pose new challenges in relation to a performative methodological rigor. In engaging with this issue the I situate myself as impresario-joker and through this lens reflect critically on the performative process and performance ethic underpinning my own work - as a non-arts trained researcher. The self-critical reflection and sharing of our methodologies is hopefully a step away from an anything goes performative mentality and a step towards establishing an ethically informed community of arts-based scholars. Baikie, Gail, Dalhousie University Decolonizing Critical Reflection Interview for Borderland Research The Decolonizing Critical Reflection interview is a postcolonial tool for researching professional praxes within the borderlands. The boundaries between worlds have blurred, constituting borderlands or spaces in-between worldviews. Given the infiltration of the dominate Euro-western culture, accessing knowledges, experiences and practices in the borderlands presents a post-colonial research challenge. As an Indigenous scholar, I determined that the typical qualitative interview was inadequate as I feared eliciting colonized knowledge from by co-researcher participants. I then embarked on a methodological journey to evolve a research tool that was aligned with Indigenous methodologies, decolonizing, and compatible with borderland realities. The interview enables participants to unearth dominant and indigenous worldviews (sets of assumptions,

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

13

values and beliefs) that influence their meaning and decision making through the deconstruction of an intercultural encounter. Bainton, Dave, European University Insitute, Florence Authorship and Ownership within the Bristol Collaborative Writing Group (BCWG): Negotiating Uncertainty, Ambivalence and Ambiguity See Martin, Viv Bairon, Otalvaro Marin, Universidad del Valle ANALISIS DE LAS POLITICAS P_îBLICAS DE INFANCIA Y ADOLESCENCIA EN EL VALLE DEL CAUCA La ponencia aborda un an_¯lisis de procesos de formulaci__n e implementaci__n de pol__ticas p__blicas de infancia y adolescencia en el departamento del Valle del Cauca. El sustento emp__rico lo constituyen algunos resultados de la sistematizaci__n de una experiencia de asistencia t_cnica, liderada por entidades p__blicas y privadas a nivel departamental y agencias internacionales, realizada en el a_Òo 2009, a trav_s de talleres y visitas de acompa_Òamiento a diversos grupos poblaciones -j__venes, madres comunitarias y funcionarios p__blicos locales. Olga _éç lucia Obando _éç Salazar _éç Bairon Otalvaro-Mar__n _éç Universidad del Valle Bak, Jennifer Marie, Michigan State University Biological parents' experiences in the child welfare system: Informing social discourse about child maltreatment See Burns-Jager, Kathleen Baker, Rebekah, Ball State University "Are We There Yet?" The Personal Journey Toward Formulating A Research Question Most people have taken a road trip and heard a child ask, "Are we there yet?" This all too familiar inquiry has been part of the process of formulating a research question. The process began with questions, such as, "Where do I want to go? What do you want to learn? How will I get there?" The answers have led to exploring culturally responsive teaching (CRT) practices. Hear one doctoral student's journey to formulating a research question. Bal, Aydin, University of Wisconsin-Madison Newly-arrived Muslim refugee students' formation of identities as learners in the United States This ethnographic study examines how a group of newly arrived Muslim refugee students form their identities at an U.S. school. Prior studies indicated refugee students' identities greatly influence their academic achievement, and social adaptation. We used a sociocultural theory of practiced identities suggesting identities are jointly constructed in socially constructed, culturally enacted, and historically constituted figured worlds. A qualitative collective case study (Stake, 2005) was conducted through participant observations, interviews, and document review. We used Erickson's (1986; 1992) interpretative research and ethnographic microanalysis of interaction approaches. In the figured world of

14

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

becoming learner, dominant cultural models about refugee students' learning shaped by the deficit-oriented paradigms and social acts of inclusion/exclusion. We will discuss the findings with their academic and social implications for refugee students and educators. Balague, Laura, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Participantes y Proceso de Cribado en la EIS See Calderon, Carlos Balague, Laura, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Pacientes con Depresion y Modelos de Asistencia See Calderon, Carlos Balague, Laura, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Researching Health Promotion in Primary Care See Calderon, Carlos Balcazar, Patricia, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Conformacion de la identidad; Estudio cualitativo See Contreras, Graciela Balestrery, Jean, University of Michigan Ethnographic Imprints: Poetic "Notes" from "the Field" This paper explores a series of poetic "notes" from "the field" written by this author within the last 7 years. Termed ethnographic imprints by this author, these poetic "notes" from "the field" are inclusively integrated and chart a "field" journey. These ethnographic imprints contest traditional boundaries and definitions of the "field" thereby expanding the social imaginary of "field notes." First, this author situates each ethnographic imprint in its original spatial and temporal context along the following intersectional matrix: (1) the academic disciplines of social work and anthropology, and (2) the domains of practice and research. Next, this author illustrates how these ethnographic imprints yield themes salient to critical and feminist theory. Third, this author traces these ethnographic imprints as relational texts circulating among people, places and time to explore the following question: What is the work that these ethnographic imprints do? Baller, Stephanie L., The University of Alabama The Influence of Materialistic Values and Activity Level on Physical Activity Location and Type Stephanie L Baller, Department of Health Sciences, & Aaron M Kuntz, Department of Psychology, Research Methodology, &Counseling; The University of Alabama Recent research demonstrates increased interest in the built environment's influence on physical activity. This investigation sought to understand how college students differed in physical activity according to materialistic values and activity level. Focus group findings suggest materialistic participants preferred traditional fitness environments which are competitive, exclusive, and visible to peers. Less materialistic participants preferred inclusive, non traditional locales

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

15

and activities. Perception of distance varied greatly according to activity level, with active participants more willing to engage in self transportation. The need to decrease chronic disease risk calls for understanding how decisions to engage in physical activity are made. Baller, Stephanie L., The University of Alabama Location, Norms, and Materialism: Applying Lefebvre's Spatial Triad to College Student Physical Activity Stephanie L Baller, Department of Health Science, & Aaron Kuntz, Dept of Psychology Research Methodology &Counseling; The University of Alabama This study examined the influence of the built environment, materialism, and social norms on physical activity participation among college students. Building on Lefebvre's conceptual framework of space as socially and materially produced, this investigation layered student conceptions of material surroundings, perceived norms, and materialistic values on one university campus in the United States. Focus group insights suggest materialistic values have implications for student experience of physical activity and location preferences and visibility to peers. Findings suggest a need for better understanding how decisions to engage in physical activity are made and the dynamic intersection of planned and lived campus environments. Ballester, Belkis, Simon Rodriguez Construccion de Conocimiento de la Vida Cotidiana El lenguaje que los actores utilizan en su actuar cotidiano y que en la conversacion y colaboracion percibimos directamente permiten aprehender el sentido de las interacciones los factores asociados a sus posibilidades y la significacion que tienen en la construccion de realidades escolares y socioculturales. Del proceso de investigacion la sistematizacion de la informacion y las experiencias es el momento de mayor dificultad pues debemos atender simultaneamente tanto a los procesos que se viven en la cotidianidad de las organizaciones como a nuestros propios procesos cognitivos y afectivos como grupo de investigacion. Ballesteros, Matias, Buenos Aires Hibridaci__n y adaptaciones locales de medicinas orientales en Latinoam_rica: El caso de la pr_¯ctica del Ayurveda en Argentina See Freidin, Betina Balliro, Michael S., University of Texas at Austin Unreliable Narrators? Ex-Offenders Speak of the Impact of Parole Restrictions When designing social policy with social justice in mind we would naturally seek to take into account the perspective of those subject to the proposed policies. Policies regarding the supervision and control of the formerly incarcerated typically fail to take into account the direct experience of the policy subjects, regarding them as unreliable narrators of nefarious agency. Could this arrogance explain our failure our failure in the US with respect to creating effective reentry programs? Considering our high rates of recidivism might we pause to consider the expressed needs of those attempting reentry so as to better understand the barriers posed by parole restrictions in their respective communities of return?

16

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Might Ex-Offenders be the most appropriate authority regarding the experience of social reintegration, post-incarceration? What do they have to tell us? Baquero, Pedro, Universidad Distrital Representaciones de la practica pedagogica de formacion profesional El proyecto de investigaci__n se propone estudiar las representaciones de la pr_¯ctica pedag__gica de formaci__n entre los distintos actores del proceso formativo: de un lado los practicantes y los asesores de la pr_¯ctica pedag__gica y de otro, las instituciones de pr_¯ctica y el aparato discursivo manifiesto en la estructura curricular de los Proyectos de Licenciatura en Educaci__n B_¯sica con _nfasis en Humanidades y Lengua Castellana, Educaci__n Art__stica, Ciencias Sociales e Infancia de la Facultad de Ciencias y Educaci__n de la Universidad Distrital Francisco Jos_ de Caldas. El estudio corresponde a una primera etapa del proyecto de investigaci__n que pretende indagar por dichas representaciones en todos los proyecto curriculares de la Facultad de Ciencias y Educaci__n Barackman, Amy C, Duquesne University Presentation of research on the Internet: Possibilities and ethical concerns See Koelsch, Lori E Barbosa, Celeste Aparecida Pereira, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP Grupo focal: possibilidades e desafios O presente trabalho visa apresentar um relato sobre a t_cnica do grupo focal utilizada na pesquisa qualitativa pelo Servi_·o Social em estudos de caso, quando o objetivo principal _ a compreens_úo da vis_úo da comunidade sobre determinada realidade social. O grupo focal enquanto metodologia exprimi possibilidades para obter informa_·_Êes qualitativas de um grupo de indiv__duos, como opini_Êes, convic_·_Êes, rea_·_Êes, percep_·_Êes, atitudes e sentimentos. Para tanto, requer a_·_úo direta entre os participantes, o que se constitui num processo coletivo/grupal, quando prima o di_¯logo e as manifesta_·_Êes dos sujeitos envolvidos com o assunto. Barbosa, Celeste Aparecida Pereira, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP Pesquisa qualitativa: instrumento de interdiscipli See Filho, M_¯rio Jos_ Bardy, Susan, University of South Australia Meta - Autoethnography the Lens Through Which I Glimpsed the Meaning of Nursing Vocation Susa My paper is intended to give reflections on how I came to become familiar with the significance and meaning of nursing vocation while writing up my PhD dissertation. In Meta Autoethnographic ideals I found the theoretical approach that made it possible for me to reassess my life and professional role highlighting issues that until then I did not see as representing vocational principles. Working as a hospice nurse clinician I accepted the involvement with death and dying as inherent building blocks of the culture of palliative care nursing. Awareness for the concept of vocation emerged only when my research questioned reasons behind my personal midlife career change from a curing nursing model to caring

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

17

comfort of dying patients. It became central to my research to explore this issue, and search for meaning in the change of theoretical nursing ideals that encouraged this transformation. Bargiela, Francesca, Being Japan in a two-voice `undeclared' dialogue: issues and challenges See Tanaka, Hiromasa Barrera P_rez, Luz Helena, Universidad de Antioquia Institucionalidad y salud sexual en jovenes Esta investigacion con enfoque cualitativo busco conocer la situacion que viven los jovenes frente al tema de la sexualidad y cual ha sido el abordaje del mismo desde la institucionalidad. En Colombia a pesar de tener una politica publica sobre salud sexual y reproductiva esta no ha tenido el impacto esperado y esto se debe a una inadecuada implementacion donde no se dieron procesos de participacion social ni de articulacion interinstitucional e intersectorial adecuados para el logro de los objetivos de dicha politica y asi minimizar los problemas inherentes a los jovenes y la forma como estan viviendo su sexualidad. Barrera, Luz Helena, Universidad de Antioquia Environmental Justice as a Way to Achieve Social Equality See Agudelo, Felipe Barrios, R. J., University of Massachusetts, Amherst Chasing the Good Gay Paradigm Homonormativity, coined by Lisa Duggan, describes "a politics that does not contest dominant heteronormative assumptions but upholds and sustains them." In this, Duggan argues that homonormativity aims to produce an LGBTQ community embodying the norms of white, middle-class, heterosexuals. For gay men, this emphasizes a consumption of masculinity that reinforces heterosexual normalcy and rewards the good, masculine men. With Duggan's concept as a theoretical framework, I utilize performance autoethnography to critique homonormativity's influence on my own search for a particular type of partner. In this, I ask my audience and myself, "Why are we pursuing the homonormative dream?" Barroso-Arias, Ana Laura, Universidad Aut__noma Metropolitana - Xochimilco Hegemon__a Discursiva e Investigaci__n Cualitativa See Cerda-Garc__a, Alejandro Barroso-Arias, Ana Laura, Universidad Aut__noma Metropolitana - Xochimilco Resistencia, Memoria y Represi__n Estatal See Cerda-Garc__a, Alejandro

18

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Barth Forbes, Ashley D., Alliant International University What the book doesn't tell you_éÙ In my presentation, I will explore the experience of conducting my first ethnography, part of a doctoral course. I will focus on the unexpected events that took place during the data collection process for which I was not prepared. How do interviewers handle the awkwardness that comes up in interviews? How do interviewers end their relationships with informants? What do interviewers do when the informant wants a copy of the final paper written about them? Is it okay to say "no?" Often researchers are prepared with specific types of questions to ask, some kind of structure to follow, but how do they prepare for the unexpected? These are the types of questions and issues that I plan to explore in relation to my first experience with ethnography and facing these awkward moments, navigating through what the book did not tell me. I conclude with some advice for novice researchers. Barth, Kerry, Alliant International University Couple Resilience after Violent Death of Child The purpose of this phenomenological study is to understand the individual parent's lived experience of relationship resiliency in the midst of sudden violent death bereavement for a child. Interviews were conducted with eight heterosexual individuals who had lost children violently and who experienced their marriages as resilient. Relationship resiliency is defined as the experience of the relationship with one's spouse as a protective factor and secure base from which to grieve and heal from trauma. Moustakas' (1994) transcendental phenomenological approach was employed to analyze the data. The essence of relationship resilience was identified as the bereaved parent's experience of the marriage as: (1) Safe, secure, and protected; (2) Mutually understanding; and (3) Able to reintegrate and reorganize their relationship. Clinical application for the field of marriage and family therapy is discussed, as well as suggestions for future research. barton, barbara, western michigan university Rural Cameroonian Women: Dreams for Themselves and Their Children See weinger, susan Bastidas, Miriam, Universidad de Antioquia Action Research in Health See Penaranda, Fernando Batu, Sema, Anadolu University To Analyze the Primary School Teachers' Views about Inclusion Before and After the Informing Seminars Yusuf Kurtulus Turkoglu, 1st Hava Ikmal Bakim Merkezi Primary School and Sema Batu, Anadolu University The purpose of the study was to analyze primary school teachers' views before and after informing seminars. The study was completed with twenty-two teachers. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the participants. Data were analyzed descriptively. The results of the study revealed that the seminars given to the teachers affected their views positively. Also, the findings of the

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

19

study indicated that the teachers whose opinions were negative on inclusion before the seminars thought that the inclusion was very useful after the seminars. According to the findings, there was an essential role of giving seminars on successful inclusion implementations. Batu, Sema, Anadolu university Prevention of Antisocial Behaviors: Qualitative Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Turkish Version of First Step to Success Early Intervention Program See Diken, Ibrahim H. Bautista, Adriana, University of Illinois at Chicago Community Mobilization around Mental Health, Chronic Disease and Acculturation in Rural Hispanics: The Healthy Minds, Healthy Bodies Project See Peters, Karen Bazeley, Pat, Research Support P/L; Australian Catholic Universi Computer Visualisation Strategies as a Tool in Qualitative Analysis Computer software is increasingly providing tools which allow visual explorations of data. While most qualitative researchers have developed skills in working with text analyses, and some with using visual data, less have explored the possibilities for analysis offered by tools for visualisation of data. This paper will consider strategies for exploiting the visual display capacity of computer software for qualitative analysis and reporting, drawing on qualitative software such as NVivo, Atlas.ti, MAXQDA, WinRelan, and QDA Miner as well as social network analysis, GIS, and exploratory multivariate techniques. Beales, Jennifer D., University of Toronto Demystifying `Ethnography' in Health Science Research While the merits of using ethnography to conduct health science research are known by qualitative researchers, as a methodology it is met with uncertainty and trepidation among potential health care research sites. Misconceptions about what ethnography is and entails, busy schedules of health care professionals and administrators, lack of perceived space to carry out observations, and multiple research studies being carried out in tandem create barriers to gaining access to important spaces in health care settings. This paper presents findings from an eight month ethnography of a family health team (FHT) that confirm the challenges to recruitment and fieldwork but goes further to elucidate/highlight the positive experience of using such a method for both the researcher, the site and informants. Documenting such favorable experiences in the literature may facilitate smoother recruitment of health care sites for future ethnographic research. Beaunae, Cathrine, University of Florida Using Grounded Theory in Doctoral Dissertations: Considerations and Cautions See Wu, Chiu-Hui

20

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Bell, Charlotte R, The Ohio State University Offering a New Discourse: Autoethnography as Liberatory Praxis for Rethinking the Processes of Language Socialization of African and African American Women in Academia Dominant discourse enacted upon African and African American women in the United States through the processes of language socialization is problematic. How African and African American women gain linguistic competence, membership, and legitimacy in both academia and the broader American society presents complex social situations in which we must present counter-discourses in order to maintain our cultural identity and overall well-being. This paper uses autoethnography to explore the language socialization of African ascendant women into educational institutions and to reflect upon our collective struggles in academia and the broader American society to consider a liberatory praxis in overcoming these struggles. Beltr_¯n-Poot, David, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan Promoci__n de los valores en una instituci__n Este trabajo explor__ c__mo una instituci__n educativa cat__lica realiza la construcci__n de valores desde las normas, creencias e intereses de todos los actores en la instituci__n (personal administrativo, docentes, alumnos, sacerdotes y padres de familia). Se recolectaron los datos por medio de observaci__n participativa, an_¯lisis de documentos, cuestionarios, entrevistas a profundidad y grupos focales. Se encontr__ que el concepto de valor es considerado como una gu__a para la vida, una norma a seguir. Los valores institucionales son: honestidad, responsabilidad, respeto y la fe. Aunque no existe un plan consciente de promoci__n de valores; los actores, desde su quehacer, aportan a esta tarea. Adem_¯s, ven como obst_¯culos a la diversidad de significaci__n de los valores, la falta de pol__ticas institucionales para promoverlos y el involucramiento de los padres de familia en la formaci__n de sus hijos. Beltr_¯n, Yolanda, Universidad de Antioquia A Investiga_·_úo Narrativa na Forma_·_úo Inicial de Pr See Jaramillo, Diana Beltran, Yolanda, Universidad de Antioquia Investigacion Colaborativa: Camnino para Atender a See Jaramillo, Diana Benard, Silvia, Universidad Autonoma de Aguascalientes Mexican Inmigrants: Strangers within their own Land A rather unusual type of inmigration has increased significantly in contemporary Mexico due to globalization: that one composed of people native of larger cities who move to smaller ones in search for a better quality of life. This paper will analyze the process and the different ways in which this now inmigrants manage to develop a sense of belonging in the receiving communities. It will found its analysis on twenty in depth interviews made in a middle size city, Aguascalientes, located in the center part of the country.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

21

Benard, Silvia M, Universidad Autonoma de Aguascalientes Finding the thing to do: An autoethnographic account "If only I could find what to do, if only I could know what is the thing to do for him to stop drinking that way, I wouldn't mind having passed through all those fears, all those worries. . . . and our life could go on." He just turned nineteen, but I've seen him as drunk as I have ever seen anyone I loved. I've seen my son, the boy who's tiptoed since he was a baby, not being able to walk straight, not being able to take a taxi back home. Bender, Amy, University of Toronto Finding the Balance of Representation and Anonymization of Participants How study participants are represented in writing is a crucial question in phenomenological research so that interpretations stay close to the descriptive detail of the phenomenon. Ample use of direct quotes is common. Yet representation of participants through quotes is bounded by an ethic of confidentiality. Anonymity of participants in the final writing is necessary. Thus, choices about representation become more perplexing. What to do with important substantive quotes that give away aspects of identity? Should the `accent' of participants be heard in the writing? Do we reveal the person when we identify geographical locations? Such were the questions raised in a study of nurse-client relationships in a public health TB program. This paper examines this methodological-ethical conundrum of balancing representation and anonymization, using examples of the author's own writing, with the aim of stirring critical discussion of this challenging aspect of the interpretive writing process. Bender, Amy, University of Toronto Reflections on Participant Observation: `Just Pretend I'm Not Here' Participant observation requires careful examination in terms of the implications of a researcher's direct involvement in situations being observed. Will it be strictly observation, some degree of observing and participating, or full participation? In interpretive phenomenology, the aim is to observe without impeding the natural flow of situations, therefore minimizing the role of participation. Yet in the author's experience of studying TB nursing, work carried out in a variety of settings, the natural flow of practice was not easily defined. The author discovered how telling participants to `just pretend I'm not here' became absurd and efforts not to participate in fact interfered with the natural flow of home visits between TB nurses and clients. Shifts in thinking about participation during observations were necessary. This paper focuses on reflexivity in participation choices throughout observation, in ensuring that rapport develops and final interpretations are plausible. Benozzo, Angelo, Qualitative Research in Psychology: Neo-Positivism Disguised as Constructivism? The current academic context does not tend to legitimate qualitative research. In the field of psychology, just a few scholars engage with qualitative methodologies and this is frequently done from a neo-positivist paradigm that is disguised as interpretative or socio-constructivist approach. This masquerade is sustained within academia. My presentation critically analyzes a study in qualitative

22

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

research in psychology. It shows how the research design hides a neo-positivist paradigm in the gathering and analyzing of data as well as in the presentation of results. At the same time I investigate how the same study could have been designed and carried out according to a socio-constructivist approach. Finally, I discuss some of the reasons why the neo-positivist approach prevails and the consequences of this dominance. Beucher, Becky, University of Colorado, Boulder Critical Moments for Reflection: an examination of how benevolentintentions can be ostracizing when employed through an incongruentlens At twenty-two I embarked out west pursuing of my vocation: inner city English teacher. Equipped with an awareness of white privilege and an introduction to the existence of systematic barriers erected and sustained through racism I determined to make a difference. My second position epitomized my idyllic school: 98% FRL, majority Latino/a, high ELL population, and an ambitious, radical faculty. I committed mind, body, and soul; yet two years later they dismissed me. I questioned everything but without critical analysis, was left without satisfying answers. Four years later I return to this experience employing auto ethnography to critically examine the institution and my role and relationships to the people within it. Here, I discuss how my white washed perspectives erected distorting barriers, hindering my ability to see other's realities. Further in examining the macro structure I argue that an institution which squelches authentic discussions fails to achieve justice for anyone. Bhattacharya, Gauri, Arkansas State University-Jonesboro Achieving Racial/Ethnic Health Care Equality Individual perceptions of health care quality often determine individual health care utilization. To eliminate well-documented racial/ethnic disparities in health care access, utilization, and outcomes, we must understand and meaningfully interpret the contexts and life experiences of discrimination, prejudice, and stress that shape personal expectations of health care quality. The use of narrative experiences in context-driven qualitative research provides an understanding of personal beliefs in the contexts of each participant's life experiences and perceptions and expectations of health care quality. This sort of research methodology thus adds to the public policy dialogue on challenging the root causes of and barriers to racial/ethnic health care equality. Bhattacharya, Kakali, Texas A & M University - Corpus Christi Fostering raw knowledge: Bridging the gap between theoretical paradigms and students' indigenous knowledge in qualitative research Students in qualitative research methods classes have varied preparation and understanding of theory. However, based on their own experiences, students have indigenous knowledge about the tenets and assumptions of qualitative paradigms without the academic language. Leaning on and extending Patti Lather's work in Paradigm proliferation as a good thing to think with: teaching research in education as a wild profusion, I demonstrate, with examples, how qualitative research can be taught to students so that they can situate their understanding of material reality within the various qualitative paradigms and how such practices provide a de/colonizing bridge between academic and indigenous knowledge.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

23

Bhattacharyya, Srilata, Adelphi University Dynamics of Multicultural Issues in Pre-service Teaching See Mungai, Anne Biin, Helen, University of Tartu Narrating Identity, Performing Profession: The Narrative Construction of Gendered Selves The aim of the study is to analyze how women construct and perform gendered and professional identities in a highly masculine institution of parliamentary politics. I depart from the post-structuralist notion of fluid, performative identities. I will use narratives of `becoming a politician' from two in-depth interviews with Estonian female parliamentarians. My aim is to highlight the identity practices that the politicians engage in while representing their identities, and point to and explain the ways in which their multiple identities as women, politicians and professionals, societal expectations and the traditionally masculine practices of the parliament are negotiated. Bishop, Katie, Iowa State University Making Meaning of and Lived-Through Experiences with Long-Term Care System: Case Study of People Living with Disabilities and Their Caregivers in Iowa See Polush, Elena Black, Jill, Cleveland State University Historical Research in Health Education: A Thematic Analysis of Convention and Conference Themes Research on the history of health education is often limited by what materials exist, if data were ever collected or published, and whether historians accessed or obtained actual or virtual materials. This paper assessed the annual meeting themes of four national health education professional associations. As an example of practical historical research, our work demonstrates how data were collected, what process was applied to the thematic analysis, and what limitations we faced as we completed this prototype project for health education. Bleil, Pat, Eastern University Mentoring Experiences of Women Business Leaders Informal mentoring has been identified as an important part of leadership development, but women leaders have fewer opportunities than their male counterparts in business. This phenomenology study was undertaken to understand how women business leaders uniquely experience mentoring. The experiences of five women clearly show the importance of relationships in effective mentoring and demonstrate how these experiences, positive and negative, have influenced how they approach mentoring others. From interviews, observations, and examining self-narratives, several themes emerged. The participants described their mentors as those who took a special interest in them and challenged them to do more. With a "desire to help others" the participants took a similar approach to mentoring by challenging others and building a trusting confiden-

24

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

tial relationship. To facilitate more effective mentoring for women, organization leaders need to commit to informal mentoring across the organization. Blinne, Kristen, University of South Florida "I Rained": On Loving & Unbecoming In this autoethnographic account, I weave together three strands of inquiry: Peter McWilliams' poem, "Rain," personal narrative, and academic discourse to describe the death of a close friend, which occurred during anthropological fieldwork I conducted in Portland, Oregon, in 2007. Employing poetry, visual imagery, and music, I consider how illness is intersubjectively experienced through friendship and how one's personal life, love, and loss can collide with and interrupt fieldwork experiences. The purpose of this narrative is to explore the liminal spaces of experience that occur when researchers engage in embodied fieldwork. Though this story exists on the periphery of my research, this loss shaped how I embody, interpret, and understand the "personal" within ethnographic fieldwork. Bloom, Leslie Rebecca, Roosevelt University Colombia Training Program on social justice perspective and qualitative research Bloom will discuss the theory and pedagogy on which she grounded her participation in the Colombia Program that began in May 2009. Specifically, she will articulate a framework for qualitative research based on social justice epistemology, methodology, and ethics. She will discuss how she developed workshop activities. Finally, she will share with the audience her own reflections on what she has learned from being a part of this interdisciplinary group, dedicated to developing social justice research. Bloom, Leslie Rebecca, Roosevelt University "As a Mother, I Had to Make Other Choices": When Higher Education is Not the Road out of Poverty Both commonsense and abundant research affirm that higher education is the road out of poverty for lone mothers in low income. However, as we discovered in our research, some women with a college degree, graduate degree, or other professional qualifications still live in poverty. In this paper, we analyze the data of educated women whose narrative articulations of their personal situations, life choices, motivations, and values challenged our assumptions about the relationship between higher education and poverty. We reflect on our better understandings of poverty as relative, as local and global, and as experientially different from what we had presumed. Bocchi, Silvia, Unesp Família e alunos usuários de drogas See Rossi, Lilian Cristina Bocchi, Silvia, Unesp Fam__lia e alunos usu_¯rios de drogas See Rossi, Lilian Cristina

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

25

Bochner, Art, University of South Florida Communicating World Views: Interrogating intersections of Faith-IntellectEthics through Art and Narrative See Scott-Hoy, Karen M. Bochner, Arthur P, University of South Florida Like a bird on the wire: Freeing the father within me To be confirmed Bogard, Glynn Jordan, Texas A&M University- Corpus Christi Domestic Violence Intervention: Instructor Issues in Challenging Male Perpetrators' Notions of Social Equity and Familial Justice in the Classroom This study explores the ways in which three Domestic Violence (DV) instructors challenge male batterers' perceptions of their abusive behavior in heterosexual relationships. Informed by feminism and interpretivism, the study identifies the ways in which the instructors present issues of human dignity and freedom from fear and violence to male batterers. Specifically, the data collection methods for this study include interviews, bracketing, journaling, observations, member-checks, peer debriefings, and expansions on field-notes over a 6-month period of time. With an in-depth analysis of the DV instructors' experiences, I raise critical issues about instructor burn-out, coping mechanisms, and supportsystems that address the troubling negotiations in which the instructors engage daily. Borja Barra, Eileen, Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion Representaciones sociales acerca de lo urbano See Silva Burgos, Luis Marcelo Borja Barra, Eileen, Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion La construccion del concepto de pobreza urbana See Silva Burgos, Luis Marcelo Borrego, Maura, Virginia Tech Methodological Houses Built on Sand See Douglas, Elliot P. Bowden, Tiffany, University of Illinois-Urbana Black Birds: Works of a Woman Unfolding This work is a collection of performance poetry pieces which provide autoethnographic insight into racialized experiences of African Americans. Topics explored include colorism, classism, relationships, racism, corporate work, shifting identities, hair colonization, and other topics. These pieces are meant to be performed as a way of interrupting and speaking against hegemony.

26

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Boydell, Katherine Mary, University of Toronto "All in the Same Boat?": An Analysis of a Support Group for Children ExperiencingParental Mental Illness See Gladstone, Brenda Bozek, Katie Lynn, Michigan State University Biological parents' experiences in the child welfare system: Informing social discourse about child maltreatment See Burns-Jager, Kathleen Bozkurt, Funda, Anadolu university Prevention of Antisocial Behaviors: Qualitative Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Turkish Version of First Step to Success Early Intervention Program See Diken, Ibrahim H. Bradley-Levine, Jill, University of Indianapolis Catholic and Critical? Challenged to explain how Catholic social teaching could influence our critical worldview while we claim to be critical researchers, the authors began exploring researcher subjectivity in relation to conducting critical qualitative inquiry. Similar to Cochran-Smith et al. (2000), we find our notion of critical research and social justice to be an individual product influenced by the work of Freire, the civil rights and critical education movements, and the social teachings of the Catholic Church, among others. However, because both authors have had strikingly similar experiences teaching in urban schools, attending the same graduate program, and growing up Catholic, the evolution of our present identities as researchers has also been similar. Peshkin (1988) argues that researchers must seek out their subjectivities so that they are addressed throughout the inquiry process. Thus, the authors consider the responsibilities of researchers engaged in critical qualitative inquiry. Bradley, Rebecca, Kennesaw State University Constructing a Male Teaching Identity: A Trio-ethnography See Breault, Rick Brady, Shane, Virginia Commonwealth University Opening the Dialogue: A Foucauldian Discourse Analysis of a Theatre Based Community Arts Program See Sawyer, Jason Michael Brady, Shane R., Virginia Commonwealth University Our Experiences Living And Learning As Constructivist Researchers Constructivist research is offered as an elective course in the doctoral program of a mid-size university located in the mid-Atlantic region. This presentation will use a non-reductionist approach to understanding what it is like to experience a constructivist research course. Through using qualitative methods such as constant observation, reflexive journals, and ongoing dialogue between class mem-

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

27

bers, we will develop a case study narrative, which will reflect the consensus and differences in our experiences. Our collective process may be a helpful tool for evaluating constructivist courses as well for better understanding the process of engaging in constructivist methods for the first time. Brayham, Angela, University of Waterloo Why Blog? A Case for Utilizing Blogs in Qualitative Research While teens claim that Blogging is so yesterday, this presentation will provide a reflexive auto-ethnographic account of my first year as a Blogger and advocate for the utilization of Blogs for qualitative research. From my first tentative steps of developing my "Blog" voice, to my readers and followers worried when I have not posted for a few days or weeks, I will discuss how Blogs can take on many differing and overlapping purposes and how Blogging can allow researchers, teachers and students to authenticate their reflexive and personal thoughts, ideas, observations and questions in a very personal but at the same time public forum. Breault, Rick, Kennesaw State University Constructing a Male Teaching Identity: A Trio-ethnography In this first official `trio'ethnography two males and one female examine how they have constructed their understanding of what it means to be an effective male teacher in an elementary classroom. The conversation begins by exploring the extent to which early gender identity construction determines a man's atypical decision to become an elementary teacher but continues by examining how later gender identity is shaped by experiences in a nearly all-female environment and how we have defined "effectiveness" in our own teaching. The impact of society's gender stereotyping on the profession and on our own decisions is also examined through the personal stories. The female perspective was added when it was discovered that her experiences with male teachers might serve as a corrective to our own possibly idealized perspectives and as a complementary voice in that she also felt that her professional identity is very different from her female colleagues. Brener, Loren, University of New South Wales Collaborating with Front-line Health Workers in Qualitative Research: Impact in a Sensitive Area See Gray, Rebecca Brewer, Curtis, Clemson University Teacher Frustration in an Era of Standardized Tests: Results of Public Engagement Studies in South Carolina See Lindle, Jane Clark BRICE_âO, CLAUDIO ANDRES, UNIVERSIDAD DE LA FRONTERA Historias de Vida y Economia Informal HISTORIAS DE VIDA COMO HERRAMIENTA PARA ANALISIS DE ESTRATEGIAS DE ECONOMIA INFORMAL EN FAMILIAS MARGINADAS. La complejidad que reviste el analisis de las estrategias familiares de eco-

28

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

nomia informal no puede ser desarrollado solo a traves de variables descriptivas de tipo transversal sin introducir variables de analisis historico y de relaciones sociales y economicas que se producen en las familias. El articulo demuestra que las Historias de Vida constituyen una herramienta de aproximacion holistica que posibilita el analisis integral de estrategias de economia informal en familias marginadas, principalmente porque introduce a los sujetos en una introspeccion historica permitiendo relacionar y comparar estados distintos en la evolucion y comprension del fenomeno mediante sus discursos y practicas cotidianas BRICE_âO, CLAUDIO ANDRES, UNIVERSIDAD DE LA FRONTERA Genealogias y redes sociales y economicas mapuches See TEREUCAN, JULIO Bridges, Nell, Bristol Taking Laurel Richardson's Three Words to `Twitter': ESCalate Collaborative Writing Group Take Three Words to Web2 See Brown, Laurinda Bridges, Nell E, Bristol Authorship and Ownership within the Bristol Collaborative Writing Group (BCWG): Negotiating Uncertainty, Ambivalence and Ambiguity See Martin, Viv Brinkmann, Svend, University of Aalborg, Denmark Philosophies of the qualitative research interview: Toward paradigm proliferation In a philosophical sense, all human research is conversational, since we are linguistic creatures and language is best understood in terms of the figure of conversation. In this presentation, I explore a number of specific philosophies of interviewing, i.e., practices of using conversations for research purposes. I outline four different approaches to qualitative research interviewing that differ on two axes: First in terms of interviewer style _éç non-directive versus confronting style _éç and second in terms of epistemic ambitions _éç and I here introduce the continuum of doxastic versus epistemic interviewing. Current interviews are typically doxastic in aiming to probe the respondents' experiences and opinions _éç "doxa" in Greek _éç rather than developing "episteme", i.e., knowledge that is justified discursively in the conversation. Following Lather, I argue in favor of a self-conscious paradigm proliferation in interviewing research. Brinkmann, Svend, University of Aalborg, Denmark Debating interviews In this final part of the session, the panelists will debate the viewpoints that have been presented, and we encourage the audience to engage in the dialogue with the panelists.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

29

Brinkmann, Svend, Histories of qualitative research in psychology Our ways of talking about the past influence our futures. The future of qualitative research in psychology will, at least partly, depend on a struggle over its past. In spite of some recent cracks in the walls of psychology, the discipline is still dominated by positivism and a quantitative imperative. In this presentation, I present four different readings of the history of qualitative research in psychology. I call these readings the internal history, the repressed history, the social history, and the deconstructed history of qualitative research. In different ways, they all challenge the quantitative imperative in psychology, and I argue that they demonstrate that qualitative inquiry as such was an unquestioned approach for many founding psychologist and must become so again in the future if the discipline aims to adequately understand its subject matter: human beings as acting and suffering creatures in social worlds. Brkich, Christopher, University of Florida Decolonizing and revising normative narratives See Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka Brogden, Lace Marie, University of Regina Rodeo, "Cold War Childhoods" and Other (De)constructions of (Post)colonial Spaces It is late morning... I'm caught, literally, by a Denzin (2008) piece. Abandoning everything, I fall into words, mesmerized by Jim Beam whiskey and a dad dancing too closely to a woman named... how can this be? I rush through pages... my hands jitter to write... my mind races through discursive layers of nationhood, dreams from afar, "Flags in the Window" (Denzin, 2007), and rodeo. Yes, rodeo! This paper combines narratives, photographs and nostalgia as tools for disrupting white-settler constructs of late 20th century "prairie" life, using autoethnographic vignettes and fragmented, postcolonial theory to re:read commonplace notions of a lived and imagined "West." Through intentional subjects and unintentional "captures," I query quagmires of autoethnography, where life writing edges creep and bleed into places not always acknowledged, and where writer and reader often reveal and re:search other than anticipated. Brown Tricke, Minniejean, Little Rock Nine Foundation; Soujourn to the Past Learning as You Go: Struggling with Democratic Principles in CommunityBased Participatory Research with Immigrant Communities in Canada See Estable, Alma Brown, Hilary, Brock University Storied Beget Stories: a Tangle of Rhizomes I set out to write a collection of personal narratives during the data generation phase of my self-study as I inquired into how to improve my teaching and learning practice. Much to my surprise, in order to interpret the stories, I needed to tell more stories. Hence, my study took on a rhizomatic complexity whereby every story could be connected with every other one. Writing autoethnographically while using writing as a method of inquiry, both created the tangle but

30

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

also helped me to make meaning from the disorder. This paper highlights my method. Brown, Jason, University of Western Ontario Exploring the Experience of Spirituality Among Abo A university professor and students partnered with a foster parent agency in central Canada to identify foster parent assets for effective culturally-based care giving for Aboriginal children and youth. Spirituality was identified as central to personal understanding of self, family and community, and an asset for providing culturally-appropriate care by Aboriginal foster parents. We conducted interviews via telephone and used a structured format for conceptualizing commonalities among diverse experiences of participants. The purpose of this presentation is to describe the benefits and drawbacks of the structured approach employed for data collection and analysis, in relation to cultural relevance and appropriateness, data quality and interpretability. Brown, Laurinda, Bristol Taking Laurel Richardson's Three Words to `Twitter': ESCalate Collaborative Writing Group Take Three Words to Web2 A consultative writing group was formed as part of an ongoing project designing a collaborative writer's website for the UK Higher Education Academy. This group decided to take Laurel Richardson's workshop on writing three word sentences about the same period of time (initially from a personal and then from a socio-political perspective, eventually combining the two) online and onto `twitter'. This gave us a haiku-like restriction of 140 characters including spaces as well as three word sentences. Our experience evoked discussion about online/ face-to-face differences and group/one-to-one comparisons. Brown, Natalie, Wilfrid Laurier University Lessons Learned the Hard Way: The Risks of doing PAR with Vulnerable Populations This discussion is a follow up to our 2008 presentation at QI which followed an innovative social program called Supporting the University-Ready through Empowerment (SURE) aimed at providing higher education for single mothers living in deep poverty in Canada. As program funding has come to an end program directors reflect on processes and outcomes of their participatory work and reveal lessons surrounding appropriate boundaries, realistic expectations, and process issues in working with vulnerable populations. Examples of negative outcomes due to process will be discussed as well as mediating processes that may have decreased these risks. Burnett, Kathleen, Florida State University African-American Alzheimer's Caregiving Training and Support See Kazmer, Michelle

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

31

Burnette, Diane, Board of Regents of University System of Georgia "He Turned the Tables on Us:" An Analysis of Power This paper seeks to explore the power tensions and manipulation that occurred during a focus group interview we are defining as a critical incident (Patton, 2002). This focus group interview was part of an internal evaluation project of an online learning initiative within a state university system. We intended to use the focus group interviews as a means to share the lived experiences of the faculty members, administrators, and staff members working with the initiative on each campus. In order to empower the interviewees, we knew there would be some power negotiations during the meetings but in the critical incident meeting one member of the group manipulated the interview and seized the power to control the meeting through choosing the participants, body language, and verbal language. Burns-Jager, Kathleen, Michigan State University Biological parents' experiences in the child welfare system: Informing social discourse about child maltreatment This qualitative inquiry explores perspectives of biological parents who have had their children removed into foster care due to substantiated child maltreatment. Biological parents, who were court-referred to the Families in Transition (FIT) community-based therapy program, participated in semi-structured interviews about their experiences in the child welfare system and their perceptions related to their benefit from services. Some of the participating parents were reunified with their children, and some had their parental rights terminated. Qualitative themes that emerged from the interview data were analyzed and discussed for their contribution to the child maltreatment scholarly literature and to larger prevention program/media campaign development. Burstein, Nidia, Nacional del Sur INVESTIGACI_çN CUALITATIVA, ESTUDIOS DE G_ÉNERO Y NU Una de las particularidades de la metodologia cualitativa es la sensibilidad y profundidad con que permite trabajar al investigador al momento de enfrentarse con los datos. Asimismo, rescata los multiples sentidos otorgados por los actores a sus practicas y los reconstruye de manera integral. Consideramos entonces a este enfoque como el idoneo para el estudio de las masculinidades y femineidades de los jovenes, a trav_s de nuevas tecnologias (Facebook). Dicha cuestion posee importante repercusion en la actualidad, debido a su relacion con las problematicas que se imponen a los jovenes en un mundo globalizado. Burton, Linda, Duke University Coping, Resilience, and Transformation: Responses to Family and Community Violence among Low-Income Women and Children See Jacobs, Stephanie Burton, Linda M., Duke University Understanding Family Systems of Violence in Low-Income Families See Tubbs, Carolyn Y.

32

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Buseh, Aaron G., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Private Suffering Versus Public Symptoms: Illness Narratives from a Sample of HIV-Infected African American Men HIV/AIDS diagnosis represents a disruptive physiological and emotional event, associated with symptoms in private and public realms. There is limited understanding about these suffering experiences. Using in-depth interviews from HIV-infected African American men (n =50) this study aims to: (a) explore the meaning and impact of HIV/AIDS in their lives; (b) describe their responses to illness and symptoms; (c) examine personal and social contexts dealt with to maintain their health status. Data were analyzed using multi-staged narrative analysis. Over time, men developed resiliency and resources to live a "Changed Life" dealing with private suffering and public symptoms, asserting experiential authority over their illness. Incorporating patient narratives into the delivery of healthcare forges a paradigm shift from focusing solely on objective biomedical markers in healthcare settings with the prospect of introducing humanistic approaches in the practice of healthcare. Bustam, Tinelle, University of Florida Tensions in qualitative research journals See Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka Bustos Ibarra, Cecilia, Autonoma de Barcelona An_¯lisis cr__tico de los discursos del maltrato inf See Tolentino Toro, Krisna Butinof, Mariana, Universidad Nacional de C__rdoba, Argentina Social cartography: collective construction of local knowledge in health rights in Villa La Tela Villa la Tela is an urban social-vulnerable community of Cordoba, Argentina. In the whole territory the access to better material conditions of life, services and opportunities of communitarian promotion -that contributes to the materialization of health rights- is heterogeneous. The social cartography was the conceptual and methodological strategy that was chosen to work these diversities as well as the recognition of the inhabitants as subjects of rights, through the tool: communitarian participating mapping, symbolic and cultural product that gives local knowledge through a participative process, horizontal and dialectic, between technical and communitarian knowledge. Buzaglo, Joanne, Qualitative Inquiry as a Site of Political Empowerment and Performance: Experiences from Community Based Research See Specker Micco, Ellyn Cacciattolo, Marcelle, Victoria Taking a Stand: Challenging Disadvantage in Practice Supporting schools and young learners, who are essentially disadvantaged because of poverty, is a chief focus of this paper. This paper highlights the need for teachers and leaders in schools to take the `Standpoint' of the least advan-

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

33

taged as a starting point for planning, implementing and evaluating school curriculum. The work of Connell (1993) asserts the need for schools to actively transform its teaching and learning practices so as to meet the needs of disadvantaged students. This Standpoint agenda also seeks to challenge schooling practices that position disadvantaged learners as needing to relate constructively to the demands of schooling (Payne 2005). Schools that locate academic and social failure on a student's inability to meet the formal demands of schooling perpetuate feelings of disempowerment for families and students who are the least advantaged Calderon, Carlos, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Participantes y Proceso de Cribado en la EIS La Evaluacion del Impacto en Salud EIS-HIA permite incorporar el modelo de determinantes sociales de la salud en la prediccion de los efectos de politicas no sanitarias. Como parte de un proceso de cribado para la EIS de politicas regionales se llevo a cabo una investigacion cualitativa mediante dos grupos de discusion con profesionales de tres Departamentos del Gobierno Vasco: Vivienda y Bienestar Social, Empleo y Transportes. Se utilizo el modelo de analisis sociologico del discurso con triangulacion por los investigadores y contraste de los resultados con los participantes. Se delimitan cuatro areas criticas de discusion que deberian ser tenidas en cuenta en el desarrollo de politicas interdepartamentales orientadas a la mejora y a la equidad en salud. Calderon, Carlos, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Pacientes con Depresion y Modelos de Asistencia Los pacientes diagnosticados de depresion son tratados por el Medico de Familia o bien derivados al Psiquiatra. Como viven los pacientes una u otra opcion y cuales son las expectativas y efectos percibidos en ambos casos, son cuestiones de gran importancia para una atencion centrada en las personas. En este sentido se realizo una investigacion cualitativa con cuatro grupos de discusion con pacientes distribuidos segun tipo de medico y nivel socioeconomico. Se utilizo el modelo de analisis sociologico del discurso con triangulacion por los investigadores. Los resultados permiten identificar los marcos de preferencias y sus condicionantes en cada caso, asi como posibles vias de mejora de la asistencia. Calderon, Carlos, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Researching Health Promotion in Primary Care To complement a research process of review and consensus on the promotion of healthy habits in Primary Care we conducted a qualitative study with four discussion groups of physicians and patients. The participants had been involved in two previous clinical trials on promotion of physical activity and quitting smoking in routine general practice. We used the sociological analysis model with triangulation of researchers. Experimental traditional designs are hardly compatible with primary care attention. Differences between interventions and routine conditions are underlined by the physicians. The changes observed in patient's habits are the result of sanitary and extra sanitary factors that require new explanatory and intervention models taking into account the complexity of health promotion.

34

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Calderon, Omer, Universidad Distrital Francisco Jose de Caldas PEDAGOGIA CRITICA Y EL ANALISIS DE POLITICAS PUBLI Las politicas publicas cuenta con una tradicion metodologica instrumental, bajo el supuesto de que estas son presupuestas a problemas. Alternativamente desde la pedagogia critica se consideran las contradicciones sociales, los intereses politicos en juego, las estrategias de poder de los agentes sociales y las subjetividades en juego, en la perspectiva del problema de la formaci__n contradictoria y compleja de las politicas publicas universitarias, en un contexto de crisis y reconstitucion del regimen politico colombiano, para dar cuenta con ello del sentido de las politicas. Callier, Durell Maurice, UIUC A Call to Love: In Remembrance of Our Quare Saints In lieu of recent acts of violence and the deaths of queers of color (e.g.Jorge Steven Lopez Mercado, Carl Walker-Hoover, Jaheem Herrera, Sakia Gunn), this performance piece seeks to remember their lives, while reimagining our current sociopolitical landscape. Recognizing that the spiritual is political (Jacqui Alexander 2005), this work calls upon our collective memories_éåEmotional, Bodily and Sacred_éå to remember the tragedy, lessons of love, to begin to heal our wounds, and imagine a new world. A world in which we are able to recognize the full humanity of queers of color in relationship to ourselves. Through a polyvocal montage performance text life, living, love, queer/quareness and reclaiming our sacred will be explored. Believing that the core of Christianity is love, and that love will sustain our very being and our movements towards justice and equality it is the goal of this performance to call into question our love practices and urge us to operate from that commonality. Camarero, Luis , UNED Persistence of gender inequalities in rural world See Curz-Souza, Fatima Camargo Plazas, Maria del Pilar, University of Alberta Understanding Chronic Illness in the Age of Globalization:Findings from a Critical Hermeneutic Research Study in Colombia In Colombia, health care is increasingly becoming a private good subject to the law of the market thus marginalizing "non profitable" health conditions. People with chronic illness experience the Colombian health care system as unequal and discriminative, far from the principles of equity, efficiency and universality that it promotes. We discuss how critical theory as a research approach prompts nurses to switch from being passive actors to active participants to enact social justice within the health care system. We report preliminary findings from a critical hermeneutic research study with the chronically ill in Colombia. For the chronically ill, critical consciousness brings out the opportunity to overcome indifference with action and participation. Through consciousness raising groups, critical theory moves nurses to challenge traditional norms and expose constraining socio-political barriers to ensure universal health care. Camargo, Carlos Eduardo Ramos de, UNISUL - University of the South of

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

35

Santa Catarina Mixed Method Research: Mood States Profiles in High-Level swimming athletes in Brazil See Rotta, Tatiana Marcela Cameron, Brenda Leigh, University of Alberta Understanding Chronic Illness in the Age of Globalization:Findings from a Critical Hermeneutic Research Study in Colombia See Camargo Plazas, Maria del Pilar Campbell-Busby, Kelly A., University of Alabama Navigating the Doctoral Journey Two friends and fellow doctoral candidates collaborate via cyberspace to write a paper of qualitative idiosyncrasies that make for entertaining and meaningful data about the process. Being in different stages of their doctoral careers they will share interesting experiences. Their personal paths include different reasons for pursuing a doctorate and they encountered reconfiguration of their beliefs, values and professional lives. Many doctoral candidates engage in the dissertation process alone and isolated, but as these two geographically challenged contenders' experienced, it does not have to be that way in today's world of social networking, blogging and instant messaging. They found new and helpful modes of connectedness through their journey. They found the use of technology to reach out to others as a way of empowering them to navigate through personal and institutional obstacles experienced on the unique path to a doctorate in art education. Campolina, Alessandro, USP Decision Maps in Geriatrics: a clinical tool for c Objective: To present the experience of creating decision maps in case management. Methods: Case study and critical appraisal of scientific literature during the treatment planning of elderly. Case study based on the concept of "Problem", by Henri Bergson. The Compendium software was used to construct dialog maps. Results: The interrelationship of charts, tags, transclusions, nodes and lines of differentiation demonstrates the hybridization of concepts from The Bergson Philosophy with networks of artificial intelligence. Conclusion: The construction of decision maps allows a collective enunciation of health decisions, creating support for the involvement of philosophical thought in the process of case management. Cannella, Gaile S., University of North Texas Struggling with Research Design in Critical Social Science The general purpose of critical research is to address societal structures and institutions that oppress/exclude so that transformative actions can be generated that reduce inequitable power conditions. This methodological work has emerged at a time in which diverse voices are challenging modernist orientations from a range of philosophical and life locations, and asking critical questions like:Who/what is heard?Who/what is silenced? The purpose is to transform research in ways that decrease oppression and inequity; to achieve this, every-

36

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

thing is radically reconstructed. Further, because critical research designs recognize and use diverse histories, contexts, and the acknowledgement of ambiguity to generate new forms of inquiry, devising this work is difficult from within academic constructions of research design that are truth oriented, linear, and deterministic. The purpose of this paper is to address the struggles facing those who would design research for critical social purposes. Cannella, Gaile S., University of North Texas Using Situational Analysis to Design Critical Qualitative Research See Perez, Michelle Salazar CANO, CLARA PATRICIA, SANTO TOMAS MEDELLIN FORMULA ANTICRISIS Hoy la comunidad latinoamericana debe actuar conforme al llamado mundial constitucional Y en este orden de cosas hoy el mundo requiere que padres empresarios y lideres en general basen sus acciones en fundamentos y principios valederos a fin de salir de la crisis social econ__mica pol__tica y familiar El mejor camino para combatir la CRISIS es hacer un alto y enfrentar la realidad personal y externa Esa confrontaci__n al hacerlo constitucionalmente, con un paradigma abierto libre aut__nomo y visionario permitir_¯ que se tomen acciones educativas formadoras de crecimiento en pro de nuevos individuos libres seguros aut__nomos responsables de sus actos cano, clara patricia, Universidad Santo Tom_¯s Medellin La ley penal y los efectos del lenguaje en el comportamiento de los hinchas en equipos de futbol de Medell__n See londo_Òo, maria adelaida Capous-Desyllas, Moshoula, Portland State University Making Meaning through Art: Collaborating with Diverse Women Working in the Sex Industry to Create Knowledge and Art as Activism In this photovoice study, 11 diverse women working in different positions within the sex industry were each given their own 35mm cameras to take back & white photographs of their needs and aspirations. Individual dialogue sessions were held with participants to reflect and discuss their images, supporting shared knowledge creation and self-representation. The themes that emerged to illustrate the participants' needs and aspirations were: sustainability of the body; nourishment of the heart; fostering of the mind and soul; self-empowerment and identity; social justice and activism; and dreams and desires. Meaning was created in photographs through the use of self, bodies, emotions, imagination, intellect, humor and affected experiences. The objective was to hold a photographic exhibit using art as activism to inform policy makers, influential community advocates and the broader public. This study supports the power of art to engage and empower participants and educate the community. Carcamo-Toala, Naima, Genero, etnia y derechos politicos en Oaxaca, Mex See Vazquez-Garcia, Veronica

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

37

Cardenas Jimenez, Andrea, Universidad Nacional de Colombia RESILIENCE AND DISABILITY: LIFE ORAL HISTORY IN ECOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE This study`s purpose was to identify, from an ecological perspective, which processes contribute to resilience in four persons with disabilities members of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. This study was a qualitative research, developed using Life Oral History as research method and the LeiningerTMæs four steps method as data analysis strategy. Findings showed that the most relevant processes for resilience are found at the micro-systemic level: individual, familiar, educative and social However, meso-systemic and macro-systemic levels had provided both risk and protective factors for resilience development, too. In conclusion, as a result of transactions intra and between multiple context levels across the time, individuals with disabilities in this study have achieved expected targets of development for every life stages, overcoming adversity associated with disability and reaching performance levels higher than their pairs in academic, professional and social fields. Carless, David, Leeds Metropolitan University Changing Paradigms: A Personal-Shared Journey to Narrative In the face of the rejection of objectivist and positivist paradigms in some quarters _éç yet their continuing dominance in others _éç how do researchers navigate their personal paradigm journeys? At the same time how might we, as educators, support students as they embark on their own research journeys? Here, we tell the story of one researcher's personal _éç yet shared _éç journey towards a narrative methodology. By doing so, we explore how personal research journeys are important not only for the development and well-being of the individual concerned, but also because these journeys shape the kinds of research that gets done and its effects on others' lives. Carless, David, Leeds Metropolitan University Scenes from Everyday Life with Serious Mental Illness See Douglas, Kitrina Carmichael, Patrick, Technology Enhanced Learning: an Interdisciplinary Culture of Inquiry? Interdisciplinary working is often understood as different disciplines engaging with common problems: one significant arena is technology-enhanced learning (TEL). Alternative interpretations of what it means to work in an interdisciplinary way have focused on the importance of sustained collaborative working and may involve identifying points of focus for discussion, reframing questions and reformulating problems. One framing of this generative interdisciplinary working is Hall's concept of the `culture of inquiry', which involves participants in a process of narrative creation allied with formative critique. This paper explores the relevance and applicability of these models of `cultures of inquiry' to educational research.

38

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Carnes, Molly, University of Wisconsin-Madison Deconstructing women's tenure and biologic clock in academic medicine See Isaac, Carol Carpio, Arleny, Simon Rodriguez University La sistematizacion de experiencia Via cualitativa El proposito de esta comunicacion es presentar un cuerpo de ideas que apoyen la sistematizaci__n de experiencias como m_todo de investigaci__n cualitativa que permiti__ repensar el acto pedag__gico de la lectura desde el dialogo hermeneutico de sus actores Como epistemologia se discurrio en la reflexion interrogacion e interpretacion de los relatos aportados por docentes que cursan la Especializacion en Educaci__n Inicial en la UNESR. Se espera construir una practica pedagogica de la lectura como encuentro comunitario la cual colaboraria con la practica de estos cotidianas maestros que hacen vida en la escuela con sus estudiantes a partir de sus experiencias Carpio, Arleny, Simon Rodriguez University Pedagogia de lectura critica en la formacion univ El proposito es construir una pedagogia de la lectura que apoye la comprension desde una perspectiva critica reflexiva Se plantea el comprender como un significado que le hace justicia al otro y que tiene un lugar legitimo en el dialogo intersubjetivo Se inicia un movimiento de interpretacion que acontece en el lenguaje y que trasciende en el entramado que ofrece el texto escrito Surge esta pregunta ante lo que sucede en el aula Como formar ciudadanos criticos ante el texto escrito En encuentros con los actores del escenario universitario emergen hallazgos que contribuyen a reconfigurar las categor__as de la investigaci__n Carr-Dobbs, Thembi, University of Cincinnati A Port in the Storm: An Investigation of Identity in a Sudent Race-Based Organization for African-American Student Leaders Scholars have noted that African American students have remained isolated on majority White college campuses despite the increase in the diversity of the student body population. It has been suggested that this isolation is exacerbated by African American student race-based organizations. However, the benefits that these organizations provide have been acknowledged. The purpose of this study was to investigate how African American student leaders in race-based student organizations experience their involvement in these organizations and how their experiences influence their identity. It also investigates how these students manage their relationships outside the university by participating in these organizations. Carr, Kari Morris, Indiana University Catholic and Critical? See Bradley-Levine, Jill Carrasco, Jimena, Autonoma de Barcelona Las Producciones Narrativas como herramientas para See Rovira, Rayen

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

39

Carvalho, S_rgio Resende, Campinas Medical Undergraduate Formation: an inquiry in pos-structural perspective Influenced by Deleuze, Guattari and Foucault texts we describe and reflect, on this work, about the experience of undergraduate medical students, health professionals and teachers at an a course of Health Planning and Administration for the fifth undergraduate medical students in Brazil. We looked for the lines of forces and subjectivity production at the field with special interest to the ones that interrupted the movements and those that, on the other side, try to expand the later. As a result of the inquiry we point out the effects of the investigated process to the researched subjects. We intended, with this inquiry, to contribute for the production of new pedagogical, clinical and of management practices compromised with the production of the life and, specifically, the reinforcement of the Brazilian Public Health System. Carvalho, Sergio, Campinas Reflections about Health Management Teaching at an Undergraduate Medicine Program in Campinas' University (Unicamp), Brazil Reflections about Health Management Teaching at an Undergraduate Medicine Program in Campinas' University (Unicamp), Brazil Carvalho, Sergio Resende, Campinas Contributions of Implicational Analysis to Health and Educational Inquiries in Brazil We discuss in this work the use of the concept of implication, which is central to the French Institutional Analysis Movement, in different inquiries that we work with at the health and educational field. This concept can summarily be defined as a form of enrollment of the researcher in social practices in function of his familiar, political, economical and libidinal history, of his insertion in the production relations and his enrollment in social political projects. We think that this conception tool contributes to place in question the scientific and objectivity at the research process. As we will reflect on this work the implication's analysis is not easy to be practiced. It can be painful as it force us, many times, to ask ourselves and our social practices. It also put some difficult question to our research's practice. Cassiman, Shawn A., University of Dayton Discursive Legacy of the `Welfare Queen' This paper uses discourse analysis to examine the legacy of the mythical welfare queen in contemporary media and policy discourse. Focusing primarily upon California's recent attempts to balance the state budget through the elimination of work requirements for CalWorks (welfare) program recipients this paper examines how the myth continues to obscure economic reality and shape, or rationalize, our policy decisions. Citing budgetary constraints, the state of California has recently relaxed stringent work requirements associated with the welfare reform act of 1996. Such requirements necessitate job and childcare supports that the state is no longer willing to provide. However, the state's decision revived `fear' that the behavioral goals of `encouraging' work are being sacrificed in service to short-term goals. Other states, faced with similar budgetary problems, are considering similar responses despite the `risks' involved.

40

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Castano Echeverri, Alejandra, Corporacion Universitaria Lasallista Configuraciones del Concepto de lo P__blico en la T En nuestro contexto, la televisi__n p__blica se ha erigido como adalid de los valores c__vicos, la cultura y la educaci__n; sin embargo, desde sus inicios, su historia ha permanecido marcada por las directrices institucionales de los gobiernos de turno, con lo cual su car_¯cter de televisi__n p__blica ha devenido "televisi__n estatal", en evidente contraposici__n a los ideales habermasianos que le dieron origen. En ese marco nos preguntamos TMõc__mo entender hoy lo p__blico desde la comunicaci__n? TMõcu_¯les han sido los aciertos y desaciertos del modelo de televisi__n p__blica entre sus audiencias? Con lo anterior, nuestra intenci__n es elaborar un an_¯lisis cr__tico a las din_¯micas de la televisi__n p__blica en Colombia y ofrecer nuevas miradas que, posiblemente, encaucen sus pr__ximas gestiones. Castellanos, Marcelo Eduardo Pfeiffer, University of Bahia Qualitative Research in Complementary and Alternative Medicine: a metasynthesis See De Barros, Nelson Filice Castro-Salazar, Ricardo, Pima Community College Undocumented Historias in the Desert of Dreams See Bagley, Carl Castro, Adrian Galindo, Univerisdad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo clientelismo participacion y democracia en ixmiquilpan El clientelismo en su forma tradicional se define como el intercambio de favores por votos. Esta aparente relacion utilitarista encierra una dimension simbolica por cuanto involucra aspectos de genero parentesco e identidad etnica comunitaria. Los estudios sobre este tema se han centrado en los elementos economicos particularmente las condiciones de pobreza que restringen la libre decision de los votantes y en el ambito politico jur__dico que intentan evitar este tipo de practicas. Si bien estos aspectos estructuran el campo del clientelismo electoral no dan cuenta de las estructuras internas que posibilitan que el intercambio se presente como una negociacion legitima entre patrones intermediarios y clientes. La investigacion realizada a partir de entrevistas a profundidad en la comunidad de Ixmiquilpan en el estado mexicano de Hidalgo intenta extraer la forma en que los involucrados construyen sus representaciones colectivas. Castro, Claudia-Roc__o Bueno, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Dra See Nava, Patricia Balcazar Castro, Claudia-Roc__o Bueno, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Constructos personales en personas con diabetes me See Nava, Patricia Balcazar

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

41

Cavalleri, David, University of Florida A Discourse in Clinical Supervision among the Supervisee and Supervisor-InTraining A hybrid of discourse and conversation analysis is used to examine the supervisory relationship between a counselor-in-training and supervisor-in-training in a graduate level training program. Little scholarship has been devoted to how discourse enacts and scaffolds the relationship between counselor-in-training and supervisor-in-training. Texts and research have taken for granted how such relationships work. The emphasis lies squarely with either the counselor-intraining or supervisor-in-training in terms of identity development. Most supervisory models and research make mention of but do not emphasize supervisory development with both the counselor-in-training and supervisor-in-training in tandem. Each is treated as unique and separate entities without so much as a conversation with both at the same time, or an analysis of their exchanges while working together. The counselor-in-training and supervisor-in-training are rarely treated as a unified entity in theory or research. Cavalleri, David, University of Florida Tensions in qualitative research journals See Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka Cavkaytar, Atilla, Anadolu University Prevention of Antisocial Behaviors: Qualitative Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Turkish Version of First Step to Success Early Intervention Program See Diken, Ibrahim H. Cavkaytar, Atilla, Anadolu University Communication Behaviors Of A Student With Attention Deficit And Hyperactivity Disorder With His Peers During Break Hours (An Implementation In An Inclusive Setting) See Yilmaz, Guler Bas Cavkaytar, Serap, Anadolu University Application Of Balanced Literacy In Turkish Education: An Action Research The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficiency of balanced literacy in improving reading comprehension of 5th grade students. The research was designed as an action research since it aimed to put forth the application process of the balanced literacy approach. The study was conducted through the 20072008 education year, the spring term. The teaching application of the study was provided to the whole class. In the study, reciprocal teaching which balanced literacy appreciates were made use of. The data of the study were collected through "video records", "semi-structured interviews", "reflective diaries", "teacher diaries", "reading comprehension tests" and "balanced literacy control forms" via quantitative and qualitative data collection tools. At the end of the quantitative analysis, it was observed that students showed progress in predicting, clarifying, questioning, and summarizing skills by making use of balanced literacy in an interactive environment.

42

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

cayo, gregorio, universidad de tarapaca Perceptions about gender discrimination of urban aymara's women from the region of Arica y Parinacota - CHILE See Moraga, Claudia Cerda-Garc__a, Alejandro, Universidad Aut__noma Metropolitana Xochimilco Hegemon__a Discursiva e Investigaci__n Cualitativa Hegemon__a Discursiva e Investigaci__n Cualitativa. Alejandro Cerda Garc__aMar__a del Consuelo Chapela MendozaAna Laura Barroso AriasLa investigaci__n cualitativa est_¯ necesariamente inmersa en el _¯mbito de la producci__n discursiva. Abordar problemas y dar cuenta de las indagaciones desde una perspectiva cualitativa implica el uso del discurso que es, a su vez, un espacio de construcci__n de hegemon__a y, eventualmente, de procesos contrahegem__nicos. Vincular la investigaci__n cualitativa con la reflexi__n de hegemon__a puede ser entendido como un imperativo _tico para la producci__n de un conocimiento geopol__ticamente situado desde el sur. Cerda-Garc__a, Alejandro, Universidad Aut__noma Metropolitana Xochimilco Resistencia, Memoria y Represi__n Estatal Resistencia, Memoria y Represi__n EstatalAlejandro Cerda Garc__aAna Laura Barroso AriasMar__a del Consuelo Chapela Mendoza La historia de gran parte de los pa__ses latinoamericanos ha estado marcada por inolvidables sucesos de dictaduras militares y de represi__n estatal. Movimientos sociales e iniciativas ciudadanas utilizan hoy el d__a el ejercicio colectivo de la memoria como forma de buscar los anclajes trascendentales en un pasado que es a su vez presente. Memoria colectiva de la represi__n estatal que vincula la denuncia con la elaboraci__n colectiva y la construcci__n simb__lica de espacios y temporalidades en el espacio p__blico. Cerda, Alejandro, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Xochimilco Reflexionando sobre el investigador(a) de posgrado See Chapela, Maria-del-Consuelo Cerrillo, Jose-Antonio, Instituto de Estudios Sociales Avanzados Una propuesta de triangulacion metodologica See Rodriguez-Morcillo, Luis Chai, Xin, U Illinois Urbana-Champaign Cultural Psychology of Suicide: Integration of Social Sciences and Humanities In suicidology, interdisplinary segregation has limited social or contemporary relevance of humanitarian approaches and led to theoretical doctrinarianism in social scientific approaches. Whereas humanities attend to suicides mostly of fictional or historical individuals, social sciences investigate suicides often without critical reflection of the moral or aesthetical presuppositions underlying their interpretations.Thus I propose a cultural psychology of suicide. Based on my comparisons of historical and contemporary Chinese suicides, which locate indi-

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

43

vidual suicide behaviors within the historically and culturally continuous moral and aesthetical systems in China, I try to integrate humanitarian and social scientific approaches in suicide studies. Chandler, Genevieve Elizabeth, University of Massachusetts Amherst Mental Health Staff-Patient Relational Connection for Safety and Understanding Freud denied that the fact that sexual abuse of girls was rampant in upper class Viennese society; he labeled their narratives as sexual fantasy. Treatment has made little progress. Today, 85% of inpatients diagnosed as mentally ill have been victims of horrendous childhood trauma. We re-traumatize the most vulnerable using four point restraints and seclusion; though there is no evidence that coercive interventions are beneficial. There is evidence, however, of the deleterious affects of the coercive approach to control aberrant behavior. What are the necessary components to eliminate restraints and seclusion? A case study of an inpatient staff that has eliminated restraints and decreased seclusion through a program built on the development of a trusting relationship from admission to discharge will be presented. Staff interviews, procedure and policy documents, are data sources. Data was content analyzed. Results will be presented. Chandler, Genevieve Elizabeth, Universoty of Massachusetts Amherst An Emancipatory Approach to Moral Suffering in Nursing Students The nursing shortage has reached crisis proportions with an attrition rate of 20-40% in the first year of practice. The purpose of this study was to have student nurses explore the moral territory of their clinical experience to anticipate what they can influence or how they can protect themselves. The dialectical process of reflection and action embodied in dialogue was used during weekly group meetings. Moral distress is inherent in the ongoing work life of nurses. A disquieting feeling of anguish, uneasiness or angst is experienced as moral suffering. The problem is ethical dilemmas arise daily, from being left with immovable patients during Katrina to being short staffed in the local nursing home. This study uses an emancipatory methodology combining tenets of critical inquiry and feminist research to encourage participants to know what is not yet known to transform the conditions of their new work lives. Narratives will be content analyzed. Chandler, Prentice T., Athens State University Pedagogy of (Mis)recognition: The Intersecting Matrices of Race, Empire, and Dominance in the Social Studies This paper examines the pedagogies of two white, male teachers in north Alabama. Drawing on the analysis of two qualitative case studies related to how they taught about race and oppression within the context of their American history courses, the author argues that their pedagogies often misrecognize the power of natural and common sense explanations of America's race based history. Although the participants have differing levels of expertise and experience, their race related pedagogies are remarkably similar. The author argues that the social studies profession needs to make race and racism a more visible part of the social studies curricula.

44

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Chang, Heewon, Eastern University Leadership Mentoring for Educational Justice Mentoring is a vital force in the development of educational leaders. Leaders learn not only new knowledge and skills but also attitude and vision from their formal and informal mentors. This is not an exception for educational leaders promoting equity and justice education for all children from diverse cultural backgrounds Chang, Heewon, Eastern University Panelists This panel provides a forum for authors and editors to discuss ways to reach global scholars and students of qualitative research, focusing on open-access e-journals. The open-access journal systems available in the internet environment enable authors to make their works widely available to the global audience and enable scholars to begin electronic journals with less cost and more flexibility and accessibility to users and. A variety of open-access journals have reached users of the world with free access to their contents. Joined by Hartmann, Assistant Editor of IJME (International Journal of Multicultural Education), and Ngunjiri, Guest Editor of JRP (Journal of Research Practices), Chang, Founder and Editor-in-Chief of two e-journals (Electronic Magazine of Multicultural Education and IJME), will discuss matters to help authors publish their qualitative works, help scholars edit special issues, and help potential editors begin new e-journals. Chang, Hung-Min Mina, Northern Illinois University Learning from Eight Families' Cross-Cultural Home Visual Culture This visual ethnographic approach to multiple case study is about what and how Asian mixed-heritage adolescents learn from mixed ethnic visual culture in an informal learning setting, their home, and how they construct their cultural identity through their home visual culture within a multicultural society. The purpose of this study is to promote an understanding of the relationship between cultural identity and the mixed ethnic visual cultural representation of eight families. The goal is to investigate the content and context of cross-cultural home visual culture/everyday aesthetics and to look at its implications for a visual culture approach to art education. Therefore, I will explore how cultural identity emerges through the practices of everyday lives in the home and mixed heritage adolescents' view of their learning from ethnic visual cultural representations. Chang, Jo, Argosy University Panelists See Sutter, Judith A Chapela-Mendoza, Mar__a del Consuelo, Universidad Aut__noma Metropolitana - Xochimilco Hegemon__a Discursiva e Investigaci__n Cualitativa See Cerda-Garc__a, Alejandro

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

45

Chapela-Mendoza, Mar__a del Consuelo, Universidad Aut__noma Metropolitana - Xochimilco Resistencia, Memoria y Represi__n Estatal See Cerda-Garc__a, Alejandro Chapela, Maria-del-Consuelo, Universidad Autonoma MetropolitanaXochimilco Reflexionando sobre el investigador(a) de posgrado Frecuentemente los estudiantes de posgrado que se inician en aproximaciones cualitativas provienen de tradiciones positivistas en donde poco se reflexiona sobre el efecto de sus decisiones e interpretaciones sobre el fenómeno estudiado. Es por tanto necesario lograr `rupturas epistemológicas' que les permitan acceder a los sustentos, la mirada y el sentido cualitativos. Con la participación de los asistentes se muestra una manera en que los estudiantes logran comprender la necesidad de la reflexividad y otros elementos para lograr un mejor trabajo cualitativo, a la vez que descubren (intuyen) lo que han llamado `la profundidad', `la dimensión desconocida', `el cuerpo', `el pánico', `la atracción' de la investigación cualitativa. Charles, Cathy, McMaster University A Constructivist Grounded Theory Study of the Experiences of Canadian Women with Endometriosis See Freeman, Emily C. Charmaz, Kathy, Sonoma State University Putting Coding in Its Proper Place: Making Informed Choices About the Role of and Place for Coding in Qualitative Analysis See Maietta, Raymond C. Chasco, Emily E., University of Colorado Denver Women's Decision-Making Prior to Enrollment in the STAR Trial for Breast Cancer Chemoprevention The purpose of this study was to explore factors that influence decision-making among women at high-risk for breast cancer when considering enrollment in a chemoprevention trial. Taking an exploratory qualitative approach, data for this project was gathered through a Demographic Form and in-depth interviews conducted with seventeen women enrolled in the Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene. The results are discussed within a socio-ecological framework that examines multiple levels of influence and emphasizes the words of the women themselves. Results indicate that physician recommendation, altruistic motivations, previous experience with breast cancer among friends and family, and study design all were important factors in decision-making. Chaudhry, Lubna N, Binghamton University Complicit Resistance? See Acerra, Marsha

46

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Chavez-Arellano, Maria-Eugenia, Unversidad Autonoma Chapingo Historias de Vida y Educacion Superior El documento es un analisis sobre la forma en que la investigacion cualitativa y especificamente las historias de vida han contribuido con la comprension del sentido y el significado de la educacion superior para indigenas migrantes en una universidad agronomica de Mexico, asi como para el registro y analisis de las estrategias que los estudiantes instrumentan con el objeto de terminar exitosamente sus estudios en un ambiente intercultural especifico. Chawla, Devika, Ohio University Translating Living To Experience To A Life Singly and collaboratively we have considered as translations the renderings of "living" to "a life" (Anderson's autoethnography experiments ?with Chawla) or "lives" to "history" (Chawla's ethnohistory research based in ?interviews with Indians experiencing partition). ?We further inspect translation as a meansoriented art form in contrast to the ?more conventional notion of translation as an ends-oriented craft.KEYWORDSTranslationAutoethnographyEthnohistory Chawla, Devika, Ohio University Between Solids: Monologues in Brown This essay is a performed and performative space in which I access the dramatic monologue form to juxtapose the experiences of a postcolonial body enmeshed in colonial discourses of color to the experiences of a racialized body in America. In scenes and scenarios, I excavate moments from two social archaeologies_éåan `old color narrative' arising from the Indian subcontinent, one that is steeped in gender, colonial longings, and goodness; a `new color narrative,' that I have adorned in the west, one that is more political and thus exclusionary. In performance, I attempt to explore the intersections between these narratives to show how I continue to be `raced' in-between the Old and New World. Chen, Chang-Hua, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign A case study on an expert mathematics teacher in a high school in Taiwan This case study is to understand an expert mathematics teacher's classroom management, mathematics instruction and interactions between the teacher and her students. The researcher adopted ethnography methodology to deeply study the case teacher, to collect the field data, to write down field notes and to videotape the case teacher's mathematics instruction. After the digital videotaped data were transcribed verbatim, Mehan's (1979) IRE conceptual framework was applied to analyze discourse between the case teacher and her students. The study identified the strategies of the case teacher's classroom management and the characteristics of the case teacher's mathematics instruction. In addition, when the extended sequences in the discourse were analyzed particularly, an alternative facet of the case teacher's mathematics instruction was identified. Chen, Hao-Min, University of Georgia Exploring Undergraduates' Understanding of Cultural Stories See Li, Pei-Fen

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

47

Chen, Jou-Chen , Indiana University at Bloomington Parenting Style of Taiwanese Single Mothers Whose Eldest Child Is between the Ages of Seven and Seventeen Study addresses parenting styles of Taiwanese single mothers, focusing on interaction between cultural factors and parenting style. Study further looks at how Taiwanese single mothers define their parenting style and perceptions of parenting style. Also addresses how cultural context is a factor in their parenting style. Using phenomenological and narrative analysis, eight participants (four divorced, four widowed) were in-depth interviewed in Taiwan, using Chinese and Taiwanese. Study identified themes related to perceptions of behaviors, beliefs, attitudes and values as well as their interaction with their children, including discipline. Additional themes include financial issues, extended family, social resources. Chen, Shihua, Huazhong University of Science& Technology The Responsibilities of Communication Scholars: A Political Economy Perspective Communication scholars hold special knowledge and occupy positions of power. This paper examines the question of whether communication scholars have particular responsibilities in society to assist in the propagation of truth, enhance the debate on ideas, and provide insight on the communication universe. Drawing on philosophical and political economy texts, the author argues that communication scholars have particular responsibilities in society. Chen, Shujun, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Interpretation of Being a Woman: Three Chinese Mothers' Stories in China and America This paper aims to explore the phenomenon of being a woman from three Chinese mothers' stories. Although many researches on women's experiences exist in previous scholarship, there is little comparable discourse in the study of recent immigrant Chinese mothers' experiences of being a woman in China and the United States. I borrowed Black and Chicana feminist epistemologies and transnational feminism, incorporated with Chinese feminist lens as the theoretical framework to explain their experiences. In this qualitative case study, I examine three Chinese mothers' stories through a discussion of generation's differences, gender equality, education and employment opportunity, in order to gain deeper insight of being a woman in the transnational context. Chen, Tzu-Hui, Arizona State University Romance, Struggles, and Resistance: Im/migrant Women's Struggles and Resistance in Cross-Cultural Relationships This study explores the so-called "foreign brides'" struggles and resistance in their daily life in Taiwan. This particular population of immigrant women are from South Asian countries and are married to Taiwanese men through marriage brokers. Oftentimes, they are either viewed as victims of global patriarchy and poverty or discriminated as gold-diggers. However, through a reflexiveethnographic stance, I juxtapose my own experiences of struggles and resistance in my cross-cultural relationship (I am Taiwanese and my boyfriend is white American) and the experiences of the immigrant women. As a result, a shared

48

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

pattern of struggles emerges between my and immigrant women's cross-cultural relationships, but variant practices of resistance are shown because of the specific social positions of each woman. This study is presented in a narrative intertwined by my own relationship with a white American man and experiences of the immigrant women in Taiwan. Chen, Yu-Ting, Nanhua University, Taiwan A Case Study of an Evolution Class in a Christian School See Cheng, Meng-Fei Chen, Yun-shiuan (Viola), University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Beyond Modernism and Postmodernism: Insights of Edward Said Regarding The Role of The Modern University in Taiwan and Elsewhere This paper is devoted to a consideration of the role of the modern university in a world where the global community is confronting various crises. By revisiting the ideas of American cultural critic Edward Said, regarding the intellectual's role and decolonizing Eurocentric humanism in the modern university, this essay examines post-colonial issues for Taiwan and post-colonial American universities from the perspective of qualitative inquiry. What are the ideals and tasks of the modern University? Should it facilitate colonization and commercialization? Should it be a community where intellectuals are dedicated to more than the stimulation and sharing of knowledge or should it actively work against social injustice in the secular global community? How might qualitative inquiry contribute to the utilization of the critical work of Edward Said? Answers to these questions will require cooperation and self-criticism by university-based intellectuals in central and peripheral nations alike. Chen, Yun-Shiuan (Viola), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Mixing Methods and Mixing Paradigms: A Research Case of Mixing Methods from Post-Structural and Interpretive Paradigms This paper presents a case of mixed methods inquiry that juxtaposes the distinct paradigms of post-structuralism and interpretivism, and also reconfirms generative possibilities imagined by mixing methods from diverse paradigms. My current research on the Taiwanese National Scholarship Program for Overseas Study uses both discourse analytical and interview methods. Conventionally, these methods are both categorized as `qualitative.' However, epistemologically, they are derived from the distinctively different standpoints of post-structuralism and interpretivism. Mixed methods dialogues between these different methods, along with their respective epistemologies, shape a landscape with rich potential for substantive insights and understandings. Cheng, Meng-Fei, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign A Case Study of an Evolution Class in a Christian School How evolution theory should be taught in the school is still a controversial issue. Teachers in public school settings are, at times, not allowed to present their science and religion beliefs in their science curricula. However, teachers' beliefs about science and religious usually influence how they teach evolution theory. This case study tries to reveal another way to teach evolution, from a Christian teacher's perspective. The tension between the science teacher's religious beliefs,

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

49

science beliefs, and teaching of evolution and creationism were explored through interviewing the teacher and observing her classroom teaching. The impact of this evolution class on students' science and religious beliefs, and their views about the way evolution theory should be taught in schools were also studied through interviewing the students and observing their classroom learning. Cheng, Yu-ping, Taitung University My evolving roles in the process of classroom observation Over the course of my fieldwork at an elementary school in Tainan, Taiwan, my research roles were created, changed, and intertwined with the activities in which I participated and the friendship I developed with the computer teachers. . Those roles were the stranger, researcher, mysterious adult in class, friend to students and teachers, volunteer, graduate student in the U.S., and fellow teacher. The evolving roles were the manifestations of the dynamic research process in a qualitative study and my awareness of these evolving roles influenced my perceptions of certain events and changed my interpretations of teachers' experiences throughout the study. In this paper, I would like to share my reflection of the roles a researcher can play in the process of classroom observation. It is important to recognize the roles a researcher may play because the stances and the roles the researcher assume will influence the interpretations of the participants' lived experience. Chernobilsky, Lilia, University of Buenos Aires Percepciones del Investigador Cualitativo sobre e Pese a las controversias el uso del software como asistente del investigador social cualitativo tiene cada vez mas adeptos en Argentina. Los interrogantes son: el software manipula al investigador cualitativo en el analisis de los datos? La convergencia digital puede valorizar su uso sin menoscabar la creatividad y la pluralidad de pensamiento? El proposito de este trabajo es realizar un estudio descriptivo sobre las percepciones de los investigadores/usuarios ante las multiples estrategias del software. El estilo elegido es el cualitativo y surge de la prolongada experiencia de la autora en la formacion de investigadores sociales en el uso de Caqdas. Cherry-McDaniel, Monique, Miami University Building a Culturally Relevant Methodology for Research with African American Girls This paper discusses the possibilities and limitations of existing approaches to research with African American girls. Specifically this paper considers one of the most effective curricular efforts with African American girls _éç a project called SOLHOT- lead by Professor Ruth Nicole Brown. SOLHOT utilizes the insights of young adult African American women to connect with teens and pre-teens. Of primary concern in the SOLHOT project is how to create effective ethical relations between multiple generations in the larger project of knowledge production regarding African American girlhood.

50

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Chiang, Mengchun, Duquesne University On Becoming an Asian Woman in the United States: An Autoethnographic Account of the Intersection between Gender and Race In this paper, I will describe my experiences in the United States that touched upon my gender and racial presentation. I argue that my identification of becoming an Asian woman is a process that has been gradually developing through experiences of resistances, emotional ruptures, philosophical reconsiderations and personal reflections. Theoretical references are drawn from Linda Alcoff, Judith Butler, Michel Foucault, etc. to deconstruct and reconstruct my journey of becoming an Asian woman in the 21st century of the United State. My experiences are considered to be a point of departure that constitutes a working identification of gender and race. Chimal, Moysen, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Dra See Nava, Patricia Balcazar Chimal, Moysen, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Constructos personales en personas con diabetes me See Nava, Patricia Balcazar Cho, YoonJung, Oklahoma State University Hiatus between Pre-service Teachers' Understanding of Early Learning Standards and Extant Beliefs in Teaching See Kim, Hyunjin CHOI, Jung-ah, Governors State university TBA Since the formation of the Self-Study Special Interest Group of American Educational Research Association in 1992, self-study in teacher education has grown rapidly as a legitimate method for practitioner research. Teacher educators or practitioners (teachers) study their own practice and study self for the purpose of improvement. Methodologically, self-study method has drawn on various traditions such as case study, action research, autobiography, and poststructural qualitative research. The presentation will 1) discuss the methodological status of self-study by mapping out these methodological traditions that inspired self-study, and 2) open a conversation about how self-study establishes/ legitimizes itself as a distinctive methodology. Christ, Thomas, University of Hawaii Evaluating Two Mixed Methods Research Courses Designing and teaching mixed methods and action research is difficult. Two longitudinal explanatory case studies of introductory and advanced mixed methods research courses were conducted over two years using a reiterative action research process grounded in a critical realist pragmatic lens. Both classes used a research proposal generation process to highlight the importance of the purpose, research question and methodology relationship following seven interactive features: (a) problem/focus of the study; (b) intended audience; (c) the

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

51

role of the researcher, (d) theory, (e) exploratory, explanatory, confirmatory, and/ or critical design (f) how the project is "bound" and (g) sampling/ validity/credibility issues. Advanced organizers, instructional strategies, concept maps, coding activities, and peer editing were used to support students. Results indicated the curricula and strategies used in the classes markedly improved the dissertation and thesis proposals. Christ, Thomas, University of Hawaii Mixed Methods Used With Funded Research Funding for research is critical during an economic recession. Using mixed methodologies and action research to construct grant proposals has gained the attention and respect of federal funding agencies. This presentation demonstrates how action oriented mixed methods was used to attain 1.6 million in federal funding for an OSERS grant titled "Model Demonstration Project on Tiered Approaches for Improving the Writing Proficiency of High School Students". This project was designed to identify and implement evidenced-based writing strategies within three tiers of teacher-student support (whole department/class, smaller focused group, and individual one-on-one instruction) at varying levels of intensity. The evaluation includes universal screening, progress monitoring, and follow-up procedures incorporated into the development of core content instructional practices that increase writing proficiency, application, and transfer skills by developing departmental learning communities. Christ, Thomas, University of Hawaii Diabetes Intervention and Employment: A Randomized Controlled Mixed Methods Study The Live Healthy _éÙ Work Well randomized control diabeted intervention trial combined pharmacist medication management with life coaching to increase employment, health status, and reduce participant SSI use for participants. The concurrent mixed methods design used interviews, rating scales, health biometrics, and employment data to determine if the intervention was effective, applicable, and desirable. Coded interviews provided the participants' perceptions about the intervention while numerical data was analyzed to determine intervention and the control group difference. Service satisfaction, biometrics, and hours employed from 190 participants revealed that 86% in the intervention group indicated satisfaction and believed that pharmacist oversight and life coaching helped improve their health, employment, and other areas of life. Results in year 2 of 3 from data merged supports that the intervention increased health, employability, and future outlook compared to the control group. Chung, Hoewook, University of Wisconsin-Madison Hiatus between Pre-service Teachers' Understanding of Early Learning Standards and Extant Beliefs in Teaching See Kim, Hyunjin Ciccone-Estrela, Adele, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON Canada Parental Support and Emerging Adults' High School to University Transition In this presentation I focus on the relationship between perceived social supports (i.e., parental support) and overall psychosocial adjustment during the

52

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

transition to university, studied in terms of overall subjective satisfaction with social, personal-emotional, and academic aspects of university life. To adequately understand the interpersonal nature of emerging adults' transition from high school to university and the various stressful experiences associated with it, I employed a "cross-generational" design, interviewing students who have transitioned from high school to university and their respective parents. By exploring the relationship between parent and adult-child the findings shed light on how emerging youth perceive and cope with stresses associated with the high school to university transition and how they use social support systems, in particular their parents, to manage and adjust to university life. Ciccone-Estrela, Adele, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON Canada Parental Support and Emerging Adults' School Transition: Ethical Practice in a Qualitative Study There is a lack of qualitative research that examines the impact of parental support during the high school to university transition and student university adjustment. In this presentation I focus on the importance on remaining aware of the power dynamic in the researcher-participant relationship Cilesiz, Sebnem, Ohio State University Reflection and Rapport in Phenomenological Research Rapport, a participant's confidence in the researcher and willingness to cooperate, is an important determinant of the richness of data and outcomes in qualitative inquiry. Phenomenological research aims to understand the nature and meaning of individuals' lived experiences of phenomena by obtaining direct descriptions of experience, requiring participants to reconstruct details of their experience, articulate feelings associated with the experience, and reflect on the meaning their experience holds for them. Therefore, establishing and maintaining rapport is especially important in phenomenological research. While building rapport is an important skill to gain in conducting qualitative inquiry, there are many issues that complicate striking a delicate balance necessary in phenomenological research. In the paper, I reconsider and discuss some commonsense strategies to establish rapport (and actions that jeopardize it), and present illustrative examples of rapport building reflecting on my personal experiences of conducting phenomenological research with adolescent participants. Circo, Elizabeth, University of Washington Interviewing our sisters, examining ourselves: conducting research with lesbian/ bisexual women of color See Mehrotra, Gita Cisneros Puebla, Cesar, UAM Iztapalapa Qualitative Inquiry into Mexican Social Psychology: challenges of our practices This paper reflects on the current practices of qualitative inquiry bysocial psychologists in Mexico. Focusing on what kind of issues, concerns,potentials and ambitions are faced by the practitioners of interpretativetraditions in the field of social psychology, the paper is aiming tohighlight the challenges and future of qualitative inquiry in thisspecific social science. An analytical framework is

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

53

provided as abackground to facilitate the understanding of some local practices in thecontext of socio cultural and historical factors. Cisneros Puebla, Cesar A., UAM Iztapalapa Putting Coding in Its Proper Place: Making Informed Choices About the Role of and Place for Coding in Qualitative Analysis See Maietta, Raymond C. Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith J., Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan Promoci__n de los valores en una instituci__n See Beltr_¯n-Poot, David Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith Juliana, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan Challenges and strategies of beginning principals in Southern Mexico This is a qualitative study aimed to examine the main challenges faced by new principals in elementary schools of the state of Yucatan in the Southeast of M_xico and the strategies they use to address them. Data collection involved participant observation, semi-structured interviews, focus-groups, and document analysis. Findings of the study indicate that the four beginning principals face challenges in their schools, mostly dealing with unprepared teachers, who need to improve classroom discipline and learn to use technology. Principals also have to confront problems with teachers who did not work well with each other and arrived late or missed days at work. All of principals have to deal with high bureaucratic demands of paperwork and pressures from the State Department of Education. Since most of them arrived to the school after another principal had left, they faced rejection from parents and teachers used to work with their predecessors. Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith Juliana, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan Appreciative Inquiry and Responsive Evaluation: A case study This paper presents the findings of a qualitative evaluation study of the Program Schools for Quality in Special Education Centers in the Southeast of Mexico. Researchers used Appreciative Inquiry for assessing the first part of the study and Responsive Evaluation to conduct a follow-up on program implementation. Data collection involved multiple sources and methods of data collection. The use of both approches allowed also for capacity building in evaluation at the schools in which the program is implemented. Critical issues of program implementation and recommendations for improvement were provided by the different actors at the school and Board of Education levels. Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith Juliana, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan Assessing Program Second-Step Implementation in a Private Elementary School in Southern Mexico See Santacruz-Polanco, Enrique

54

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Cisneros-Puebla, Cesar, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana - Iztapalapa Exploring "Relational Being" with Ken Gergen This session will explore the implications and potentials of Ken Gergen's new book, "Relational Being, Beyond Self and Community." This book develops an entirely new landscape for understanding human activity, one that places its origins neither within individual psychology, nor within the communities of which one is a part. Rather, the focus is on relational process, and its origination of all that we take to be real, rational, and good. Dispensing with conceptions of causality, agency, and the neural basis of behavior, among others, Gergen explores the multi-potentials of persons in relationship, and as well, the origins of moral and political conflict. These views are linked to myriad practices, in research, education, therapy, and more. Qualitative research is focal to this discussion. Gergen will introduce the work, after which panel members will contribute insights, opinions, and visions of possible futures. Clark/Keefe, Kelly, Appalachian State University Material Convictions: A Nomadic Inquiry into the Role of Somatic Subjectivity and Art-Making in Qualitative Research Working from qualitative inquiry's strengths as a discipline defined by and constitutive of discursive coordinates that help map subjectivity and the sociocultural, this line of flight incites the topographic; the noticing and artful noting of material features of human and social research. What happens when, in our qualitative projects, matter really matters; when the bodily performativity of and between researchers and participants becomes central to the self-speculative critique we must engage? Emotion science, material feminism, and poststructuralism provide the outline of an imagined research space, one showing relief at the positioning of discursive reality alongside materiality; all provocation for an embodied, arts-informed inquiry. Clarke, John, Setting the Scene ­ Unruly Times, Untimely Rules: Looking forward to Uncertainty See Stronach, Ian Clarke, Kris, California State University Fresno At the Intersection of Poverty and Addiction: Stories from a Needle Exchange in Central California Fresno is a city of 500,000 in Central California that has one of the highest rates of concentrated poverty and injecting drug use in the nation. It has an unauthorized needle exchange run by community volunteers that has operated for 14 years, which provides 5,000-7,000 needles to clients weekly. It also offers medical care and social services. This exploratory study is a preliminary analysis of 20 open-ended interviews of clients. The interviews posed questions about clients' personal histories as well as their views of the significance of the needle exchange in their lives. Among the emerging themes are clients' perceptions that they have few human rights, particularly in the health care system, and are stigmatized in society as a whole.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

55

Clarkson, Annalise, Wilfrid Laurier University Brantford, 1918: A Study of Bioethics, Pandemic Influenza and Historical Research-Based Theater See Rossiter, Kate Clemerson, Sarah, University of Birmingham Using the Hyphen to Negotiate the Research Relationship in User-Led Focus Groups with People on the Autistic Spectrum to Create Inclusive Dialogue for the Design of Indoor and Outdoor Space Some people on the autistic spectrum have diverse sensory, social and communication requirements, which deny them access to both indoor and outdoor space. This limits or excludes their participation in civic discourse, employment, leisure and cultural activities that the wider society take for granted. Autistics, the preferred term of the community, are most often the subjects rather than participants in research. In this research, we are co-workers arguing that autism is a culture in its own right, employing user-led focus group methodology based on the premise of the right to indoor and outdoor space that is inclusive for everyone. This has meant intense reflexivity regarding my positionality, employing the hyphen to explore my internalised attitudes towards those who appear different or challenge me and the exploration of various ethnographic methods to explore and illustrate my data so far. Clendenin, Nathan C, Teachers College, Columbia University Making (a) Regional Difference: Emphasizing Place in Educational Research Narratives Framed as a contribution to place-based/environmental education theory and research, this paper will argue that much place-based research in education fails to theorize place as a narrative entity (as opposed to a static geography), thus giving short shrift to how place, identity, and community intersect in evolving narratives of education. Drawing from a variety of place-conscious narrative tactics, including British writer Iain Sinclair's work on London history, de Certeau's Meditation's on "Spatial Stories," recent work in Radical Cartography, and place-based research in composition studies (Brooke 2003; Reichert Powell 2007), this paper will argue that narrative methodologies provide a more nuanced approach of appreciating regional differences and complexities in evaluating the significance of place in education. Clendenin, Nathan C, Teachers College, Columbia University Learning Something Forbidden: Ghostly Educations in Autobiographical Inquiry This paper will demonstrate the importance of examining one's own past traumatic educational experiences in teacher and student educational self-studies. In a psychogeographical narrative peppered with references to philosophical spectrology (e.g. Derrida's "hauntology," Cixous's "School of the Dead") and psychoanalytic self-analysis (Freud's "Disturbance of Memory on the Acropolis"), this paper will offer glimpses of the author's own on-going autobiographical "ghostly" educations in exploring how student/teacher revenants complicate and addle identifications made in educational settings. By situating the wraiths of past experiences at the heart of pedagogical training, ghostly detours in auto-

56

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

biographical inquiry will be shown as fundamental to education and educational research. COLIN, ARACELI, Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Dra El relato del sue_Òo es un condensado de numerosos pensamientos latentes como lo descubriera Freud. Se analizan las posibilidades de este recurso recabado de forma escrita por 142 adolescentes indigenas nanho, en un contexto escolar, de una comunidad de alta marginalidad. La comunidad esta ubicada en el centro de Mexico. Lo interesante de esta experiencia es que un numero considerable de relatos permitio encontrar aspectos que son comunes a muchos de los participantes, tanto en la construccion del relato como en la figurabilidad onirica. Los relatos permiten lecturas multiples y diversos abordajes disciplinarios. COLIN, ARACELI, Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Relatos oniricos de adolescentes indigenas margina Relatos Oniricos de adolescentes indigenas marginados. El relato del sue_Òo es un condensado de numerosos pensamientos latentes como lo descubriera Freud. Se analizan las posibilidades de este recurso obtenido en forma escrita por 142 adolescentes indigenas nanho, en un contexto escolar de una comunidad de alta marginalidad ubicada en el centro de Mexico. Lo interesante de esta experiencia es que, en un numero considerable de relatos, encontramos aspectos que son comunes a muchos de los participantes, tanto en la construccion del relato como en la figurabilidad onirica. Los relatos permiten lecturas multiples y diversos abordajes disciplinarios. COLIN, ARACELI, Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro Relatos Oniricos de Adolescentes Indigenas Margina Relatos Oniricos de Adolescentes Indigenas Marginados. El relato del sue_Òo es un condensado de numerosos pensamientos latentes como lo descubriera Freud. Se analizan las posibilidades de este recurso recabado de forma escrita por 142 adolescentes indigenas nanho (otomi) de una comunidad de alta marginalidad, ubicada en el centro de Mexico. Lo interesante de esta experiencia es que un numero considerable de relatos permitio encontrar apectos que son comunes a muchos de los participantes, tanto en la construccion del relato como en la figurabilidad onirica. Los relatos permiten lecturas multiples y diversos abordajes disciplinarios. Palabras clave: relatos oniricos escritos, comunidad marginada, adolescentes indigenas otomies (nanho). Collins, Chris, St. Cloud State University Hemo/Solo The term `hemophobia' is used to describe those individuals who have a strong physiological or psychological effect when in contact with blood. Gilles Deleuze's concept of nomadic thought provides an insightful understanding of masculine identity negotiation during such moments of distress. Through autoethnographic writing I critically engage in the formulation of a new awareness through epistemological de(re)territorialization.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

57

Collins, Donald R., Prairie View A& M University Testing as a Tool of Hegemony to Keep African American Students in Their Place The "place" (Gruenewald, 2003) of the African American in education during history has been created through policies of segregation and the isolation of integration. To understand place in the present, questions arise about the victimization of slaves. For the most part, slaves rarely positioned themselves, but were ranked as a result of hegemony. This hegemony is referred to as "a process of domination whereby the ruling class is said to exercise_éÙcontrol_éÙover allied classes . In other words, slave masters determined the total experience of slaves. This included any form of education they received. Just as hegemony reproduced and legitimized social status for slaves, "residuals" of domination impact the education for the descendents of slaves . Hegemony reproduces and legitimizes social codes requiring certain people to "remain in their place." The concept of "place" continues to be a residual of hegemony as African American students are maintained in a place through testing. Collins, Donald R., Prairie View A&M University Listening to Unheard Multi-Generational Voices: Critical Research This paper identifies constructed educational issues faced by different generations of African Americans, those who were called or have been called Negro, Colored, Black and African American (NCBAA). I attempt to reveal how different generations of African Americans describe their life and the educational experiences across generations. Through deconstruction of dominant perceptions that have limited African Americans in educational settings, the paper seeks to expose the multiple hierarchical relationships through which they (we) have been silenced/stereotyped. Big critical questions emerge: How are social/ political contexts woven into the interpretation of life and education experiences? What differences and/or similarities exist in the constructed perceptions? To navigate through and define NCBAA historical periods, the paper uses an interdisciplinary approach that infuses the historiographical, philosophical, and social theoretical lens to reveal period meanings_éças a bricolage. Collins, Donald R., Prairie View A&M University Stories of African-American Survivors of Natural Disasters - Paper 1 See Walter-Sullivan, Earnestyne Collis, Susan, University of Winchester, England A Developmental Qualitative Voice-Relational Analysis of Stories of Young People who have Experienced Domestic Violence :an Emergent Journey through Suffering The strength of qualitative analysis lies in the competence with which analysis is carried out. The nature of the interpretative process requires recognition that the knowledge and understanding we seek comes primarily from a thorough, rigorous and complete immersion into the data. The stories of young people who have experienced domestic violence revealed `feeling' voices within the initial stages of a voice-relational analysis, a process which was developed beyond the original paradigm. These voices were individualistic, revealing complexity and depth which necessitated a multi-layered interpretative analysis. Further

58

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

layers revealed a journey from disempowering emotionality to humanising emotionality, from bitterness, aggressiveness and anxiety to compassion, hopefulness and peacefulness. The analysis ultimately led to a powerful glimpse into the young people's coping competency, revealing each unique voice and spiritual vision through their suffering. Colon, Samuel, University of Puerto Rico Analisis de discurso de Psicologia Adolescencia La adolescencia es una construccion social enmarcada en un contexto historico particular en la que los discursos psicologicos tienen participaci__n protagonica. Tomando como fundamento lo anterior en esta investigacion se utilizo el analisis critico del discurso para analizar varios articulos contenidos en un Handbook de Psicologia de la Adolescencia publicado en el 2009. Se examinaron cuales discursos sobre la adolescencia se siguen sosteniendo en las investigaciones contemporaneas. Ademas se examino cuales son las nuevas formaciones discursivas que se enuncian sobre la adolescencia. Colon, Samuel, University of Puerto Rico Analisis de Discursos Psicologicos Adolescencia La adolescencia es una construccion social enmarcada en un contexto historico particular en la que los discursos psicologicos tienen participacion protagonica. Tomando como fundamento lo anterior en esta investigacion se utilizo el analisis critico del discurso para analizar varios articulos contenidos en un Handbook de Psicologia de la Adolescencia publicado en el 2009. Se examinaron cuales discursos sobre la adolescencia se siguen sosteniendo en las investigaciones contemporaneas. Ademas se examino cuales son las nuevas formaciones discursivas que se enuncian sobre la adolescencia. Conlon, Joy Anthony, Dublin City University Unravelling the myths and realities of paediatric pain management Best practice guidelines advocate the use of fixed schedule analgesic prescriptions when treating acute pain in children. Despite these recommendations `PRN' analgesic prescriptions are the prescription of choice in Ireland when treating pain in children. Due to the adhoc use of these prescriptions by healthcare staff children continue to suffer unnecessary pain.An instrumental case study design was used to explore how and why healthcare professionals, working in an acute paediatric tertiary referral centre in Ireland, use `PRN' analgesic prescriptions to treat pain in children. Data was collected over a nine month period through participant observations, documentation analysis, formal and informal conversations and interviews. The presentation will focus on a number key findings resulting from the analysis of both observational and interview data. Comparisons will be made between the actual and perceived actions of those using of `PRN' analgesic prescriptions. Conlon, Joy Anthony, Dublin City University Two hats one role: ethical challenges and considerations when using participant observation Research should be designed, reviewed and undertaken to ensure integrity and quality. Study designs must be both rigorous and ethical if the study findings

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

59

are to be trustworthy and deemed valuable. Social science research is broad and varied and often involves human beings, as both researchers and participants. In some areas of social science research ethical issues are limited, but in others they can raise significant challenges that need to be addressed at appropriate points during the research process. This presentation will focus on the anticipated and unforeseen ethical challenges and considerations faced by a paediatric nurse as she collected data using participant observations within an acute paediatric clinical care setting. Ethical challenges that presented during the pilot study helped to reshape and focus the final study design and ensured a collaborative approach was adopted during the data collection, thus ensuring all voices were represented in the study findings. Conover, Bob, Alliance for Racial and Social Justice Emphasizing Social Justice in the Research Process See Zelt, Susan Conover, Bob, Alliance for Racial and Social Justice Results of Participatory Action Court Watch See Zelt, Susan Contreras, Graciela, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Conformacion de la identidad; Estudio cualitativo La adolescencia es una etapa crucial en la conformacion de la identidad. El objetivo de esta investigacion fue identificar los factores que contribuyen en la construccion de esta. Para tal efecto se empleo la investigacion cualitativa realizando grupos focales con adolescentes de 15 a 19 a_Òos de la zona central de Mexico. Para analizar la informacion se utilizo del analisis estructural de Piret Nizet y Bourgeois. Los resultados revelaron que la mayoria de los jovenes estan conformes con su apariencia fisica e indican que la familia, los amigos, la moda, la tecnologia, los valores y la cultura influyen en la construccion de su identidad. Cook, Tina, Northumbria University: UK Audible voice - credible research: issues and methodological challenges Historically disabled people have been either included in research without their consent or excluded from research that effects their treatment and care. Excluding the voice of people from research that reflects their lived experiences challenges notions of ethical and effective research. In recent years researchers have recognised both the ethical and scientific reasons for their inclusion and funders have asked for evidence that `service users' have been involved in the research process in some way. The study that forms the basis of this presentation is funded through the UK National Institute for Health Research (Long Term Conditions) Policy. It has, as a key element in its design, the intention to hear, value but also `trouble' voices of those engaged in the research. How researchers tune their ear towards voice, what they hear and why, and what other filters might be in place, raises particular methodological challenges for rigorous and effective, transformational research.

60

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Correa, Abel, UIUC Control and Repress:State Surveillance of Youth and Extreme Criminalization in Southern California The purpose of this presentation is to talk about the harsh policingand heavy surveillance that has been occurring in some of the barriosin Southern California. I will talk about the current hostile climatethat has been aimed towards [email protected]/[email protected] by the state. The currentenvironment of surveillance is taking place. Along with the immigrantmarches, heavy policing in the barrios and fierce punishments for theoffspring of [email protected] immigrants in the Los Angeles area are takingplace. Furthermore, I wish to expose what is at stake for LosAngeles residents and what rights maybe infringed. At a time wherethe state has no promise for youth opportunities. Lastly, I willconnect the examples I have given on how power is being executed bypeople of color meanwhile the working class people of color are beingpushed to the margins. Correa, Ellen, University of Massachusetts Amherst Arroz the rice: a dialogue on race, gender, and identity This performance piece is a collaboration between two US Latinas: a New York born middle aged woman of Puerto Rican descent and a mid-atlantic white chicana. In this autoethnograpic text, the authors create a shared narrative of how food functions as performance of gendered heritage, latina/white hybridity, and cultural assimilation. We engage in this dialogue in order to better understand and unpack the fluid construction of our Latina identities, especially in relationship to dominant white male cultural paradigms. The text was created to be performed jointly in front of an audience. Cortada, Maria, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Participantes y Proceso de Cribado en la EIS See Calderon, Carlos Cortada, Maria, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Pacientes con Depresion y Modelos de Asistencia See Calderon, Carlos Cortada, Maria, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Researching Health Promotion in Primary Care See Calderon, Carlos Cortes, Juan Alejandro, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana Qualitative research in the management field The advance in qualitative research in the management field allows to reveal the human face, often hidden or denied by practices that reduce the human dimension to numbers and indicators, carried by the rush of the immediately and the accurate. Nonetheless, from the organizational learning theory, using information searching techniques like observation and in-deep interviews, humanist practices and features are evident in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises' managers such as collaboration among competitors and worry about the

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

61

employee and his family, against the business logic that even they also admit would be the easier way to go out of debts and get rich. Cortex, Juan Alejandro, Universidad de Antioquia Peace and Development through Management: A Small Fruit Corporation in the Mountains of Colombia made it Possible There is a demand from society to large corporations for including human and planet care management practices, but despite the campaigns they do it seems that this demand will remain. Nonetheless in a small fruit corporation in the mountains of Colombia they do practice an ethical and social responsible management without ever knowing technically modern management procedures. This case shows that peace and development are possible when people care for people and organizations are seen as drivers for wealth for everyone and not for a single stakeholder. Cortez, Rufina, University of Illinois Confronting Our Own Demons, Contestations, and Contradictions:Through a Chicana Feminist Lens It is in confronting our own demons that we can write from a place of inclusion, from a place of revolutionary love. In this auto ethnographic performance text, I trace my own pedagogical journey through postsecondary institutions while negotiating my own identity as the daughter of Mexicano immigrants and as a woman of color in academia. Theories developed by women of color scholars are often deemed as not theoretical enough. Chicana feminists such as Gloria Anzald__a (1990) propose teor__as (theories) that are a method for rewriting history by employing intersectionalities of race, class, gender, sexuality, and ethnicity as locations of analysis. As women of color in the academy we have the responsibility to rewrite our histories in order to disrupt violent notions of homogenization attributed to our vastly subjugated communities. Cosac, Claudia Mari Daher, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP-Franca PONTOS INSTIGANTES ACERCA DA PESQUISA QUALITATIVA See Souza, Tatiana Machiavelli Carmo Coston, Wood, Texas A&M University Voices of Four Highly Efficacious Hispanic Teachers Sharing Their Stories See Larke, Patricia J Cotten, Christopher, Indiana University, Northwest "I Don't Want to Compare Races, but": Recommendations for HIV Prevention from HIV-positive YMSM See Hidalgo, Marco A. Covarrubias, Esmeralda, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Xochimilco Reflexionando sobre el investigador(a) de posgrado See Chapela, Maria-del-Consuelo

62

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Covert, Hannah, University of Florida Tensions in qualitative research journals See Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka Cowell, Noel Mayhew, University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica Balancing "equity with efficiency": Jamaican Labour Policy in a time of Crisis In response to the current economic crisis private firms in Jamaica have cut over 40,000 jobs, some 5% of the employed work force. Government, while expanding the scope of worker protection, thus adding to employer cost, has urged them to "cut cost to save jobs instead of cutting jobs to save cost". Using a combination of elite interviews and content analysis of available public documents this paper seeks to evaluate the logic of current government policy, the response of capital and labour and the likely impact on the labour market and economic development. Craveiro, Isabel Rodrigues, New Universty of Lisbon Fertilidade e pobreza: representa_·_Êes de assistentes sociais sobre padr_Êes de fertilidade e de utiliza_·_úo de cuidados de sa__de reprodutiva, por parte de mulheres pobres e n_úo pobres O objectivo do estudo qualitativo foi compreender as percep_·_Êes dos assistentes sociais sobre a condi_·_úo social da mulher "pobre", sobre as dimens_Êes relacionadas com os comportamentos de fecundidade, as formas de utiliza_·_úo dos cuidados de sa__de reprodutiva e ainda o relacionamento com a medida de apoio social Rendimento Social de Inser_·_úo. Foram realizados quatro grupos focais no _ mbito do estudo qualitativo, com a participa_·_úo total de 36 assistentes sociais.Os assistentes sociais atribuem ao "pobre" uma caracter__sticatipo: o imediatismo, que condiciona a actua_·_úo das mulheres "pobres" nas pr_¯ticas de planeamento familiar e na utiliza_·_úo da sa__de materna. Craveiro, Isabel Rodrigues, New Universty of Lisbon Fertility and poverty: representations of poor and non poor women and health professionals about fertility and maternal health care There is recognition of the importance of understanding lay and health professional's perspectives and studying social inequality representations.Our objectives were to know the representations of women about fertility exploring the interaction with reproductive health care and representations of health professionals on the "poor" women fertility behaviours and reproductive health care utilization. We conducted a qualitative study with eight interviews and two focus groups with women (poor and non poor) and two focus groups with health professionals (nurses and doctors). The analysis reflects the discordance between women and health professional's representations of fertility, needs and patterns of reproductive health care. Creswell, John , Advancing the Borders of Mixed Methods Inquiry See Greene, Jennifer C

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

63

Creswell, John W., University of Nebraska Lincoln Putting Coding in Its Proper Place: Making Informed Choices About the Role of and Place for Coding in Qualitative Analysis See Maietta, Raymond C. Crinall, Karen Maree, Monash Some kind of miracle?: Visions of compassion and hope This presentation proposes a methodology based on Deleuze and Guattari's rhizomatic principles to explore the social and political uses of iconic images, such as the mother and child, or Madonna. Despite the pervasiveness of the Christian icon, this subject precedes and exceeds religious usage. Figurines, social documentary photography, photojournalism, art, welfare campaigns, and graffiti are among the genres that use this archetype. Enfolded within narratives of compassion, unconditional love, social justice and the miraculous, this image is reproduced by the secular and the religious, in crisis and peace, to unite, sooth, inspire and confront the limits and potential of humanity. A guiding aim is to explore the desirability of attempting to make sense of the profusion of icons, such as this one, or whether it is the lack of rationality which enables their pervasiveness and influence. Cristancho, Sergio, Universidad de Antioquia & University of Illinois Mental health issues among rural Latino immigrants to the Midwest: Social justice reflections Major disparities in mental health occur in the U.S. particularly affecting underserved groups such as minorities and immigrants. Among Latinos living in rural Illinois, mental health concerns are major and strongly related to low quality of life and the development or exacerbation of other highly prevalent chronic conditions such as CVD and diabetes.In-depth interviews and focus groups to foreign-born Latinos and Latinas in northern Illinois were conducted. Analyses suggest that determinants of mental health in this population include social support, sense of belongingness, competitiveness, isolation and discrimination. These findings are analyzed from a social justice perspective drawing practical implications. Cristancho, Sergio, Universidad de Antioquia & University of Illinois at Rockford Psychology, Social Justice and Qualitative research: A Latin American Perspective With the exception of liberation psychology and a few isolated experiences, mainstream psychology has been quite drawn apart from the social justice movement. This is also reflected in most qualitative research in psychology, which is usually disentangled from collective justice perspectives and more focused onto individual dimensions thus rarely involving action or advocacy components. The integration of a social justice perspective to qualitative research and professional praxis in psychology is illustrated through an experience in the Colombian Amazon with indigenous communities. We present key reflections and lessons learned from that experience showing both challenges and key ingredients of this approach.

64

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Cristancho, Sergio, Universidad de Antioquia & University of Illinois at Rockford Community Based Participatory Action Research: Promoting Inclusion and Well-Being among Indigenous Communities at the Colombian Amazon See Garces, Diana Marcela Cristancho, Sergio, Universidad de Antioquia & University of Illinois at Rockford Community Mobilization around Mental Health, Chronic Disease and Acculturation in Rural Hispanics: The Healthy Minds, Healthy Bodies Project See Peters, Karen Cross, Cecilia, Universidad Nacional de Lomas de Zamora La Imagen en la Coproduccion de Conocimiento See Freytes, Ada Cora Cross, Cecilia, Universidad Nacional de Lomas de Zamora Overcoming Subalternisation through Art See Freytes, Ada Cora Cruz, Alysia, University of South Florida Gossamer Threads: Performing Nostalgia as Personal Agency See Dykins Callahan, Sara B. Cruz, Cindy, UC Santa Cruz Fragments of a Decolonial Literacy: Tracing the Logic of Violence Against LGBTQ Youth Starting from the coloniality/modernity groundwork of M. Jacqui Alexander (2001) and Maria Lugones (2007), I am putting forth a framework of a decolonial feminist methodology for education research. Using ethnographic "snapshots" from an on-going study of queer street youth, this essay will offer a new reading of violence among Latino youth, suggesting that not only it is imperative that we see the brown body as a site of meaning-making, but that the development of a palimpsestic reading of a body, particularly an understanding of the method of policing and normalization in brown queer bodies, offers the possibilities of unpackaging the multiple and often contradictory discourses of colonization, race, and sexuality. It is through these methods of "close readings" and the tracing of ideological/epistemological/spiritual lineage that we recognize the relationships between the brown body and those discourses of coloniality, gender, and power. Cruz, Joelle, Texas A&M University This ain't Paris Brownie: Deconstructing West African and French identity in the South This autoethnography explores bicultural West-African and French identity in the Southern United States. I use a series of short poems to reconstruct my gendered and raced experiences as a French brown woman living, studying, and

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

65

working in a small conservative town. The first theme featured is my hybridity as a "m_tisse" or a mixed woman. I use Anzald__a (2007)'s notion of the borderland to shed light on my ambivalent subject position. A second theme is my encounter with racism and sexism. As a brown woman with an accent, I'm sexualized by white males. Cunningham, Summer R., University of South Florida Letting Go and Holding On: Moving through Loss with My Son To any passerby this goodbye scene likely bears a striking similarity to several similar parting scenes occurring throughout the airport on this shiny, rainy day. A father and son embrace heartily, passionately before reluctantly parting ways. But I am not a stranger, a mere passerby. I am connected to these people even though I feel that in this moment I am somehow standing outside of the scene. Benjamin and his father are extremely close. Best friends. Five hours from now they will live 2500 plus miles apart. Just one more hug, and then another. My son refuses to let go. I consider that he doesn't know how to let go. I wonder what I can do to help him move through this loss. I wonder if I can teach him how to let go. I wonder if I know how. How to teach him, how to let go. Curbelo-DelValle, katia, uiuc caramelo y chocolate: brown/black caribbean women his is katia doing a last day trial--various persons still having problems with receiving their email confirmation. will check text with accents see how it comes out. En esta investigaci__n el autor busca desarrollar la ideolog__a del neoliberalismo en la gobernaci__n de la poblaci__n de la isla territorio caribe_Òa de puerto rico. en una comparaci__n, se usar_¯n casos de otras islas, tales c__mo las islas de la Rep__blica Dominicana, Cuba, las Indias Occidentales y algunas islas del mediterr_¯neo como lo son la isla de Sarde_Òa y Sicilia. Un poco de comparaci__n con la di_¯spora en Nueva York se utilizar_¯n tambi_n. En ellas se ver_¯ la construcci__n de identidad racial de las mujeres emigrantes caribe_ Òas a los EStados Unidos, como marrones o negras --nunca blancas, por su proveniencia caribe_Òa y mediterr_¯nea--el sur de Nord Am_rica y Europa, donde comienzan las construcciones raciales que son m_¯s latentes en EU. Curbelo-DelValle, Katia, uiuc Localizando prácticas de gubermentalidad en el map Neoliberalist practices of government rationality have plagued the Latin America and Caribbean region, in the most part, due to the intervention of the USA in the area. The chosen laboratory for these was/has been the island of Puerto Rico, due to it's colonial relation to the US since 1898. PR has been a colony, but with a face change. The official relation to the US is that of Commonwealth. This governmentality practice is so ingrained in the population that local government projects are practicing these governmental rationalities in favor of maintaining the population checked and the state without need of direct intervention. The example to be used is the project of Comunidades Especiales, which refer in the most part to the historically marginalized and poorest communities in the island of Puerto Rico, mainly in the Metropolitan Area of San Juan. Law 1/2001 establishes the Comunidades Especiales project.

66

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Curz-Souza, Fatima, University of Valladolid Persistence of gender inequalities in rural world The transformations that rural life are particularly reflected in the diversity of life styles among women in the rural world. Thirteen in-depth interviews have been carried out and analysed. Through these interviews we intend to look at how gender relations are changing with new values and in what ways the new roles women have in rural areas are facilitating a process of change. The results indicate the persistence of gender inequalities and their possible impact on processes of emigration to the cities.We analysis exploring the discourses of the women regarding the reproductive sphere. We look at issues related to social control, based on the reproduction and legitimacy of traditional gender roles and resistance to change. Finally, we address the issue of employment and the participation in public space to understand the persistence of gender inequalities, the contribution that the adoption of new roles by women and how they are experiencing these changes. Daar, Omar, University of Minnesota Exploring the Cultural Context of Food and Nutrition among East African Families in Minneapolis See Hurtado, Ghaffar Daiello, Vicki, The Ohio State University To Inhabit an Impossible Text: Being With/In the Writing Impasse Presentation focuses on a student's un-becoming moments of crafting a writerly dissertation text, wherein impatience, anxiety, uncertainty inherent in symbolizing the impossible-to-express "satisfying object" became a writing impasse. A site of "difficult knowledge" where borderline, discursive moments of "almost" and "until" were knotted with desire to construct and communicate meaning, the student's impasse was re-cognized and re-signified as an act of researcher reflexivity. This paper shares process notes and visual-textual examples of reflexive knowledge that grew from a commitment to patience and pacing, a willingness to linger with/in the discomfort of an impasse, and the desire to write the impossible. Daine, Julia, University of Oklahoma Qualitative Internet Inquiry: Students' Sense of Self through Narratives Online This inquiry explores students' sense of self in the online classroom in colleges and universities. Qualitative online research is used to explore the narratives of these students as they engage in online learning and reflect on their experiences in online courses. Findings reveal that this mode of inquiry allowed students the opportunity to describe their experiences online using the same tools they employed throughout their online courses. This provided them the opportunity to have a voice concerning their ideas, emotions, and opinions regarding their identity online. The language used to describe these experiences were conveyed with online journals and blogs. Students who revealed they felt like they had more of a voice in the online classroom than in the onsite classroom also conveyed that they appreciated the opportunity to respond via narrative on the Internet. These students expressed greater comfort sharing their thoughts online than in person.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

67

Daine, Julia, University of Oklahoma Through the Lens of Interpretivism: Reflections on Diversity See Roden, Kathryne Daine, Julia Kathryne, University of Oklahoma Using Microblogs in Qualitative Research: Live-Blogging for Human Rights This inquiry focuses on the use of microblogs and live-blogging in qualitative research to study the experiences of individuals advocating for human rights, like peace and justice, from within a conflict. Specifically, this study focuses on the use of microblogs to share beliefs, experiences, and ideas with people around the world. This case study explores the experiences of individuals who are in areas of conflict and violence. Cases are drawn from protesters' and observers' microblogs during the riots in Iran following the disputed election. These experiences are studied through posted microblogs on social networking sites like Myspace, Facebook, and Twitter. The affect of these microblogs as agents of change and calls to action are also explored as live blogging enables protestors and observers to talk to the world and garner support using social networking online. Dalb_rio, Osvaldo, Universidade Federal do Tri_ ngulo Mineiro - UFTM Pesquisa qualitativa: instrumento de interdiscipli See Filho, M_¯rio Jos_ Dalben, Ivete, Unesp Família e alunos usuários de drogas See Rossi, Lilian Cristina Dalben, Ivete, Unesp Fam__lia e alunos usu_¯rios de drogas See Rossi, Lilian Cristina Dantas, Maritza Giacomazzi, Centro Universit_¯rio de Bras__lia - UniCEUB ARQUITETURA HOSPITALAR _éç A ADEQUA__êO DO PROJETO NA FASE DO ESTUDO PRELIMINAR See Araujo, Eliete de Pinho Daum, Christine, University of Alberta "Raveling and Unraveling Qualitative Learning: The Qualitative Salon as a Learning Community" This paper communicates the need for a learning community to create the foundation essential for transformative understanding of qualitative inquiry. Students learn information about methods from the literature and courses. Yet, these forms may not facilitate the challenging of philosophical, historical, and sociopolitical underpinnings, and may direct students to align with a method or epistemological and ontological position. Through biweekly meetings via web conferencing, 12 interdisciplinary qualitative learners and 1 faculty member discuss key topics. Using mixed media we will present 3 elements of our learning

68

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

community that "unravel" our current understandings and positions: companionship through learning; safety through respectful and credible leadership; and an obligation to consider co-learners' perspectives. This interaction prevents fixing to one position, transforming our understanding of qualitative inquiry and expanding our capacity as researchers. Davidson, Judith, University of Massachusetts-Lowell Wikis as a Form of Qualitative Data Analysis Software (QDAS) Key elements of QDAS are transparency, portability, and a system that allows for 1) document storage; 2) Development of an analytic framework; and 3) tools for iterative process. These features are also characteristics attributed to Wiki's, the new online collaborative work spaces so popular in the world of Web 2.0. Are wiki's an emerging form of QDAS? What do we gain or lose by looking at QDAS/Wikis from this perspective? This paper compares the two tools and considers the implications for the conduct of qualitative research. Davidson, Judith, UMass-Lowell Qualitative Research and Technology--In the Midst of a Revolution This multi-media session is based upon a forthcoming chapter on qualitative research and technology in the Fourth Edition of the Handbook of Qualitative Inquiry. We will present a framework for understanding the historical development of Qualitative Data Analysis Sofware (QDAS) and the newly emerging web-based tools dubbed QDAS2.0 that is keyed to Denzin and Lincoln's moments of qualitative research. We will also discuss the critical turning points in QDAS development and the impact QDAS has had on the conduct of qualitative research. We will share examples of emerging QDAS2.0 and consider the ways these new tools may impact the future of qualitative research. Davis, Amira Millicent, Un-cutting the Umbilicus: Recovering Africana Women through Motherline Stories In Fall 2008, I produced an ethnodramatic performance entitled "Emancipatory Acts." The work performed multiple acts of subversion and emancipation: challenging social memory by juxtaposing the commemoration of the bicentennials of the abolition of the international slave trade and Lincoln, the so-called Great Emancipator's, birth while deconstructing myths of Black womanhood. Through pedagogical performance, the cast members_éåsingle mothers or daughters of single mothers_éåliberated the herstories of their motherlines, spoke truths to a diverse, receptive audience, and created the space for the coproduction of emancipation. This video presentation features excerpts from the performance, expository narration and interviews with several cast members. De Barros, Nelson Filice, Univesiry of Campinas Qualitative Research in Complementary and Alternative Medicine: a metasynthesis The increase of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) use motivated the growth of the number of qualitative studies and justifies the accomplishment of syntheses on these materials. This paper presents a systematic review about qualitative researches and CAM published in international

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

69

academic journals. The search was done in Brazilian periodic portal and 32 manuscripts were selected for analysis. The main subjects are: patients and their therapeutic experiences; health professionals' relations; CAM and the biomedicine. The reviewed studies produce evidences that in the qualitative researches there are an exploratory vision about the theme discussing the consequences of the use for biomedicine. Dedeoglu, Hakan, Hacettepe Images of Turks in Children's Books, Into the Archive: Readings in the Baldwin In this study, I tried to explore western images of Turks, focusing on the early English children's books. Children's literature offers an insight into the condition of childhood in the past, as well as adult and institutional perspectives on and ideals of childhood. It is important to recognize that such an insight is partial however as it will depend on the limits of surviving texts and collections, as well as the cultural and moral constraints facing writers and artists at the time. A number of books at Baldwin library that Turks either main subject of the book or they mentioned as part of the story or event were archival documents in this research. The Baldwin Library of Historical Children's Literature at the University of Florida contains more than 97,000 volumes published in Great Britain and the United States from the early 1700s through the 1990s. Results indicated that exotic, religious and negative images can be found in all books. Dedeoglu, Hakan, Hacettepe Using Banks' Typology in the Cultural Autobiographies of Pre-service Teachers in a Children's Literature Class The present study was designed to examine the stages of cultural identity described by James A. Banks (2001) within the preservice teacher education context. From a Southern University in the Unites States a sample of 31 preservice teachers' reflexive papers on their cultural identity as part of their college children's literature class were data sources in this study. Results of the narrative analysis indicate students' responses reflect the different stages of identity development. Even more advanced stages can be found in their responses, still a critical number of responses indicate what researchers refers the unexamined identity. Thus this study highlights the importance of how the progress of one's identity relates to one's attitudes, understandings, and practices in educational context. Deegan, James G., Mary Immaculate College, University of Limerick Telling Mystories as Ways of Confronting Conformity in Becoming a Teacher This paper discusses student teachers' experiences of writing about "teaching to transgress as the practice of freedom" (hooks, 1994) using teacher-writer memoirs in a graduate teacher education programme in Ireland. Influenced by a combination of hooks (1994) writings on "transgress" and Ullmer's (1989) post(e) pedagogy described as "mystories," discourses on personal (autobiography), popular (community stories, oral history or popular culture) and expert (disciplines of knowledge) were collected. Student teachers constructed mystories by appropriating iconic Irish teacher-writers such as McCourt (Teacher Man, 2008); MacMahon (Mr. Mac, 2009) and McGahern (Memoir, 2005) and writing emotionally about their affection and affinity for their icon. Mystories

70

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

revealed deep structures focused on confronting conformity and improvisational responses focused on practising freedom in the space between being and becoming a teacher. Implications for critical pedagogy will be discussed. DeJong, Cornell, Northern Michigan University Homeless in God's Country: Coping Mechanisms of Homeless Adults in Michigan's Upper Peninsula See Hilton, Timothy Patrick Delport, Catharina, University of Pretoria Voices of HIV and AIDS affected educators: How are they psychosocially affected and how REds enable them towards resilience The aim of this paper is to hear the voices of HIV/AIDS affected educators regarding how they are psychosocially affected by the pandemic and how REds, an interactive support program, enabled them towards resilience. Open-ended questionnaires were used to collect data from 100 participants in South Africa, prior to and after exposure to REds. The results suggested a devastating effect of the pandemic on their professioal and personal well-being. However, results also indicated that REds empowered them to cope more resiliently and as such REds has the potential to become a valuable protective resource in an educational context that is HIV-lacerated. Denzin, Norman K, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign My Father's Death To be confirmed Devarakonda, Chandrika, For Pity's Sake: Comparative Conceptions of Inclusion in England and India See Hodkinson , Alan DeVita, James, University of Tennessee in Knoxville Gay Male Representations in Facebook The use of online communities has exploded in recent years, especially among college students. Yet, little empirical research has explored the ways in which individuals represent themselves within these communities. This study focuses on gay males' representations of self in an online community known as Facebook. The study attempts to reveal the messages that gay males share with others through the images and text posted in their online profiles. This information is important for understanding how gay males view themselves as well as the aspects of identity they use to represent themselves for others. Implications for stereotyping and discrimination of gay men will be addressed through this study, particularly related to gendered perceptions of identity carried by heterosexual individuals, most notably heterosexual males. Additionally, the usefulness of visual ethnography for studying online profiles will be discussed.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

71

Diamanka, Fanta, Ohio University What is in the name? Doing indigenous "feminism" research in Senegal Increasingly, third world scholars and researchers are challenging the mainstream methodological approaches and research theories on and about citizens of the region especially women. In recent decades the Euro-centric feminist research framework and agenda have been heavily criticized for assuming that African women have neither voices nor agency. While most Senegalese women are very gender conscious and aware of their positions and status in society, they tend to reject to word "feminism". By using Senegal as a case study, this paper addresses issues of power, language and naming and the dilemma it creates for the researcher. Dias, Sonia, New University of Lisbon Immigrant Women' Perceptions of Barriers to Access This study aimed to understand immigrant women's perceptions and experiences related to access and utilization of health services in Portugal. Six focus groups were conducted with 35 African and Brazilian women living in Lisbon, chosen through purposive sampling. Most participants pointed out barriers in access and utilization of services related to legal issues, economic constraints and health professionals' attitudes. These results highlight the challenges for providing health care within a multicultural setting. Improving access to general health care is essential to minimise disadvantage of vulnerable subgroups like immigrant women. Diaz, Raul, Universidad Nacional del Comahue Extending interculturality throughout the whole society: reflections and proposals from southern Argentina We are interested in debating the problems involved in interculturality as a proposal based in language, and only for indigenous people; and how this results in the schooling of their culture. And the need of a conception of interculturality extended to the rest of the society, on one hand, and into legal, political, economic, social, and cultural contexts on the other hand. From our collaborative practice researching with indigenous organizations and other social institutions, we make a reflexion from the starting point of our inclusion in educational and political debates contextualized in southern Argentina. Diaz, Raul, Universidad Nacional del Comahue From the knowledge of the space to the space of the knowledge: building maps and critical analysis of the `official' cartography as a dominant artifact of representation and territory domination We make reflexions from perfomatives research projects based on the participatory cultural mapping strategy, with the intention of articulating the etnographic research about the ways to represent the alterity, with the processes of material and simbolic recovery of mapuce lands in the province of Neuquen, Argentina. We present the cultural mapping strategy, which covers non official land-occupation criteria and activates processes of recovery and projection of identity. Then we make some notes on the concepts of culture and territory, which we consider cannot be approached separately. Finally, starting from alternative epistemological trajectories, we emphasize on the indigenous, feminism

72

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

and postcolonial ones, with the goal to build an intercultural space of production of `others' knowledges. To conclude, we make reference to some of the junctures between etnography, performative pedagogy and politics. Diem, Josh, University of Miami Grabbing a strong foothold in the space between cynic and zealot: Relational ethnographic methods The ideas presented here come from a multi-year study at a transitional housing program for homeless families where I was researcher and program director. I engaged in interpretive ethnographic fieldwork, combining theory and process through dialogue with participants, to bring about a more complex and complete interpretation. In an effort to represent my work in a manner that respects and reflects my insider/outsider status, I center the relationships I had with the two women whose stories became the focal point of the study. In naming my methodology relational ethnography, I privilege, above all else, the role my relationships with each woman played in my coming to an understanding, albeit limited, of their lived experiences. These relationships were complex and imbued with issues of race, class, gender, sex, power, age, and more. Recognizing these dynamics and working through them without pursuing a final goal was imperative for the process and product to have meaning. Diem, Josh, University of Miami Book of Life: Using visual arts with unaccompanied immigrant youth to promote psychosocial well-being and alter the public discourse on immigrants and immigration This paper explores the use of arts-based activities that seek to promote the psychosocial and educational well-being of undocumented, unaccompanied immigrant youth housed in two South Florida detention centers. I describe weekly positive youth development groups during which the youth explore their emotions and thoughts surrounding their migratory journeys, time spent in the US, feelings about their detention, and future aspirations. The primary focus of the paper is "The Book of Life". Using this model, youth document, collect, and share their stories through visual and textual means. It is an autobiographical endeavor that promotes social justice and bridges linguistic, nation-state, and cultural divides in an effort to understand identity and the human experience of migration. diGregorio, Silvana, SDG Associates Qualitative Research and Technology--In the Midst of a Revolution See Davidson, Judith Diken, Ibrahim H., Anadolu University Prevention of Antisocial Behaviors: Qualitative Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Turkish Version of First Step to Success Early Intervention Program The First Step to Success (FSS) is an early intervention program designed for at-risk kindergartners through second graders who indicate noticeable signs of antisocial behavior patterns. In this study, the effectiveness of the FSS was examined qualitatively in Turkey. Pilot and main studies were conducted and pre-post intervention semi-structured interviews were carried out with 12 targeted teach-

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

73

ers and 12 mothers in the pilot study and 20 targeted teachers and 20 mothers in the main study. All audio-recorded interviews were analyzed descriptively (Berg 1998; Gay 1996). Results showed that teachers and mothers expressed severe behavior problems of targeted students before the FSS intervention, and pointed out significant positive changes on these behaviors after the intervention. High satisfaction was also reported. Results will be discussed extensively. Dini, Patricia Skolaude, Unicamp Decision Maps in Geriatrics: a clinical tool for c See Campolina, Alessandro Diversi, Marcelo, "Betweeners" Talk About Decolonizing Knowledge Production In this co-constructed narrative, two Brazilian scholars explore the spaces "in-between"--between our own biographies, one raised privileged, the other poor; between the experience of being raised in Brazil and finding acceptance in American universities; between our lives in the academic establishment and our studies of poverty in Brazil; between the constraints of apolitical scholarship and the need to disrupt exclusive practices of knowledge production. Our dialogue seeks to decolonize the world of scholarship by reflecting on experiences lived in-between dichotomous and static identities, with the explicit intention to promote the use of research toward inclusive social justice. Diversi, Marcelo, Washington State University at Vancouver When janitors dare to become scholars: A betweeners' view of the politics of knowledge production from decolonizing street-corners In this performance autoethnography we re-present our experiences of disembodied knowledge construction in mainstream American academia. We claim that knowledge production about the Other still tends to reify the very oppression it intends to challenge. Can a janitor become a scholar without having to bury experiences under layers of theory and other technologies of justification? Or are marginalized humans relegated to a subordinate position of research subject in the process of knowledge production? Neither? Both? Troubling the recurring experience of "my bad English," we try to show that folks lacking an educated upbringing can contribute to the decolonizing dialogue through something no technology of methods can provide: visceral lived experience of systemic oppression. We are insisting on narrative space for visceral knowledge to advance decolonizing discourses that may lead to more inclusive notions of social justice. Dixon, Andrea, University of Florida High Achieving African American male high schol students' perceptions of mattering at school See Tucker, Catherine

74

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

doherty, daniel, bristol uk A River Runs Through It; a Psychogeographic Excavation of the City of the Bridge as Memory Cite This psycho-geography is a reflection upon my experience of inhabiting a reflective writing space for over four continuous months while I was seeking to discover the bridge between my life in Bristol in 1969 and my life in Bristol in 2005 - mediated though the lens of this city and all that was provoked by it's memories, sights, sounds and olfactory perturbations. This inquiry was blessed with the luxury of time, conducted through a randomised sequence of walks with note book, camera and tape recorder in hand. This process of aimless intentionality invited surrender to the colliding senses as impressions bridged seamlessly between my inner and the outer worlds. This narrative is populated by bridges ancient and modern and the rivers, canals and manmade cuts that enjoin the river in its meanderings, just as they meet my own inner wondering. This city Bristol is part backdrop, but mostly the star. Dornig, Katrina, UCLA Connecting, Collaborating, and Constructing: Reflections of Two Rookies on Developing a Constructivist Grounded Theory Analysis Partnership Analytic triangulation is well known in the literature as one form of enhancing qualitative rigor, but little is published about the process of developing and maintaining such a partnership. This paper will share the reflections of two novice qualitative researchers from different disciplines doing Constructivist Grounded Theory dissertations with socially marginalized populations. Specifically, we will address three main areas of our process: picking a partner, working together practically, and maintaining our evolving partnership. We will emphasize pragmatic, everyday tips of what worked for us, challenges that were overcome, and reflections on the personal and intellectual benefits of such a vital and creative partnership. Dornig, Katrina, UCLA Help-seeking and Stigmatized Identities among Low-Income US Women Living with HIV/AIDS This paper uses Constructivist Grounded Theory to study of help-seeking for depressive symptoms among low-income U.S. women living with HIV/AIDS. Participants resided at the crossroads of multiple stigmatized identities related to HIV, gender, and class. The paper explores the ways that depersonalizing social stigma impacts identity construction, is intertwined with perceptions of depressive symptoms, and is internalized to shape individual help-seeking responses. Transforming depersonalizing stigma was key to helping women develop a commitment to self-care. Transforming socially ascribed problematic identities also involved a process of re-authoring or re-defining the Self, which occurred in relationship or in community. Findings suggest that it is through these selfsocial interactions that depersonalizing social symbols about self-identity could be transformed, and this supported more consistent engagement in help-seeking from social workers and other formal and informal supports.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

75

dos Santos, Alixandra Trindade, "The History of Life patients that suffer from Morbid Obesity--An Experience in South of Brazil" See Padilha, Maria Itayra Dotson, Olon F., Ball State University Empathism: How architecture informs ethics in qualitative research See Merriweather, Lisa L. Douglas, Elliot P., University of Florida Methodological Houses Built on Sand In this paper we explore the role of epistemological understandings in qualitative research, particularly the ways in which mechanical uses of qualitative research promote decontextualized and value free research practices. We draw on examples from engineering education, which has developed over recent years from a field that primarily focuses on a description of educational practices to one that seeks to include more empirical research using methodologies long in use within the social sciences. We examine a number of data sources to identify how qualitative research is perceived and used in this community. Based on our findings qualitative methodologies are often used as a set of rules, without an apparent understanding of the philosophical underpinnings of those methodologies. Ultimately, this mechanical application limits the methodological possibilities and situated understandings that can be gained from qualitative research practices. Douglas, Kitrina, University of Bristol Scenes from Everyday Life with Serious Mental Illness How can researchers represent the `essence' of fieldwork? Through what processes might we `distil' our observations and insights so they are immediately accessible to others, yet retain honesty and integrity? We offer a series of scenes developed _éç through fictional writing techniques _éç from our fieldwork with a group of men diagnosed with serious mental illness. Through these stories of everyday life, we aim to distil and recreate the essence of this research, while reflexively revealing our own presence and influence. We reflect on how a storytelling approach supports this aim while allowing us to retain a sense of the humanity, humour and diversity present within an often misrepresented population. Douglas, Kitrina, University of Bristol Changing Paradigms: A Personal-Shared Journey to Narrative See Carless, David Douglas, Ty M. O., The University of North Carolina at Greensboro Learning on the Job: Navigating the Nuances of Narrative Research to Explore the Educational Experiences of Black Bermudian Males The disproportionate underrepresentation of black men on college campuses in the United States is no secret (Harper, 2006). Similarly, studies on the schooling experiences of black males in other jurisdictions, such as the United King-

76

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

dom and Bermuda (my country of birth), highlight patterns of underrepresentation and underachievement (Fitzgerald, Finch, & Nove, 2000; Rhamie, 2003). Still, the `voice' of black men remains largely absent from scholarly discourse. Through the lens of a qualitative study conducted in Bermuda, this presentation will elucidate how I (1) navigate the power relations of my insider-outsider `positionality' as an African Bermudian/American researcher to bridge gaps between "schooling" and education; and (2) utilize a grand-narrative question: "tell me the story of your life" (Casey, 1992) and a question-based interview approach to explore Bermudian masculinity and the multi-faceted dynamics that influence access to tertiary levels of education for black males. Drew, Shirley K., Pittsburg State Univ. Constructing Mythic Identity and Culture: A Performance and Critique of The Ethnogs See Poulos, Christopher N. Drummond, Michelle, University of Colorado, Boulder Mediating Factors in White Identity Development: A Personal Examination My personal journey to understand my privilege and white identity began with a move from northern California to central Louisiana when I was thirteen. Although I would like to take credit for making enlightened choices at a relatively young age, and fully recognizing what those choices would mean, I simply can't. Recent reflections on my life choices and experiences, have forced me to realize that, although those choices were important to my development, they could not have created a true and deep awareness of privilege, or a positive white identity, without a willingness to consciously reflect and a multitude of other mediating factors. This paper identifies and examines which mediating factors were instrumental in helping me choose to engage in "willing conscious reflection" as well as those mediating factors that discouraged my reflection and growth regarding my privilege and race. Dubois, Emilie, Boston College Costs of Branding Femininity at Hooters Using a case study structure, with Hooters of America, Inc. ("Hooters") highlighted, I unravel both the methods used by corporations to delegitimize claims of sex and wage discrimination. This work first draws on grounded theory produced by an organizational ethnography advanced by the subfields of women's studies and sociology of consumerism. Using content analysis, I am able to synthesize the rhetorical strategies enacted by the organizational parties to this debate shows that the complaints lobbied against Hooters' business model were, in most cases, completely obscured by the Hooters' countermovement. Duhart, Sharon, Georgia State University Serving two Masters I see myself as someone who embraces post-positivitism and use my faith as the guided framework to measure how things are socially constructed. Embedded in my Christian values, is the notion of believing is seeing; however, the reciprocal concept of seeing is believing serves as the rule of thumb for accepted scholarly pursuit. My Christian ethics tell me that my faith moves mountains

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

77

and without it, it is impossible to please God. Scholarly research taught me that evidence followed by educational research methods serve as the underlying support to any theory or construct. Durango, John, Universidad de Antioquia La comprensi__n en los razonamientos matem_¯ticos La investigaci__n aborda los procesos de pruebas y conjeturas, en la clase de matem_¯ticas, con estudiantes de 10TM_ y 11TM_ del Instituto Tecnol__gico Metropolitano (ITM), del Programa de Inducci__n a la Vida Universitaria (PIVU), del Programa Especial de Ingreso a la Universidad (PEI) y de la Licenciatura en Educaci__n B_¯sica con _Énfasis en Matem_¯ticas (Universidad de Antioquia), enmarcados en los contextos de justificaci__n y descubrimiento.El m_todo usado fue el cualitativo; el cual permiti__ la construcci__n de las categorizaciones y descripciones de dichos contextos. La metodolog__a empleada es el An_¯lisis de Contenido que facilit__ el estudio de los registros escritos presentados por los estudiantes. Los principales aportes del trabajo a la comunidad de investigadores son: la descripci__n de dificultades de los estudiantes desde los contextos de justificaci__n y de descubrimiento, el aporte de estrategias para conjeturar y la categorizaci__n de las conjeturas. Durango, John Henry, Universidad de Antioquia Investigaci__n Documental en Pruebas y conjeturas El presente trabajo de investigaci__n es de corte cualitativo, en _l se emplea una metodolog__a de an_¯lisis documental, y se estudian algunos de los aportes investigativos realizados en Francia, Italia, Alemania, Espa_Òa, Jap__n, Estados Unidos, M_xico, Brasil y Colombia en torno a los contextos de descubrimiento y justificaci__n en clase de matem_¯ticas. Se presenta un estudio de las definiciones y categor__as propuestas en cada pa__s sobre el razonamiento empleado por los estudiantes; plante_¯ndose tres categor__as emergentes en las que se clasifican los aportes de las investigaciones en cuanto al rol del estudiante en la construcci__n de conjeturas y pruebas; el rol del docente en los contextos impl__ citos en la ense_Òanza de conjeturas y pruebas; y la geometr__a como objeto de conocimiento propicio para el desarrollo de la argumentaci__n y de los procesos de conjetura y prueba. Dutta, Urmitapa, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Keeping Faith: The Trials and Tribulations of the Returning Researcher at Home As an Indian citizen attending graduate school in a US university and returning to my hometown to do research, I anticipated a somewhat difficult in transition. But I had not bargained for the strong feelings of estrangement, loneliness, and self-questioning the experience brought about. My experiences destabilize traditional categories such as native ethnographers and insider outsider roles. They are in fact products of the particular situation in which a given fieldwork takes place and not from the status characteristics per se of the researcher. Grounded in my ongoing fieldwork this presentation is a performance piece that attempts to reconcile the ruptured connection between people and their territorial homelands in this globalized world and the enduring significance of homeland in our imaginings. It represents an attempt to acknowledge and incorporate

78

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

these as part of the processes of our discourse productions relating to our areas of investigation. Dykins Callahan, Sara B., University of South Florida Gossamer Threads: Performing Nostalgia as Personal Agency Nostalgia is an embodied experience that generates specific imaginations and performances of Home. Home comes to be_éåit is performed_éåin the relationships between people and places, in the stories that get told. If we understand nostalgia as a generative process where Home is (re)created, then we can approach nostalgia as a practice. To consciously, actively practice nostalgia is to practice personal agency. This performance positions nostalgia as a practice of relational sense-making. We weave together three narratives with materials derived from cultural studies and performance scholarship, including works by Della Pollock and Yi-Fu Tuan. While scholars have often condemned nostalgia as dangerous sentimentalism, we choose to emphasize nostalgia's generative potential. It is not that we forget the errors of the past; it is that we choose to remember a certain way in order to survive. Through the practice of nostalgia, we are able to connect with our families; we are able to find Home. Earls Larrison, Tara, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Modeling Practice: Poetic Interpretations of our Journey as Developing Educators Goldstein (2001) argued for the importance of humanistic and relational pedagogies for social work education that model and support the skills and values of practice. He conveyed the interdependent and complementary necessity of integrating knowledge and action through the critical reflective processing of the practitioner. In this panel session, four views on our shared and parallel experiences as developing educators and practitioners were presented. Creative analytical representations attempt to capture the nuances of our journey and processes _éç both alone and together _éç and to highlight how modeling practice through the relationship parallels an important pedagogical and practice framework for social work. Earls Larrison, Tara, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign On `Becoming': Creating Pedagogical Conditions for Professional Identity Development and Practice Understanding in Social Work Education Social work students form professional identities and come into `being' as developing practitioners through the relational interactions and pedagogical processes that they experience within their educational training. Parallels between professional and educational practices have been identified as important for social work pedagogy. Practice understanding is more than the accumulation of knowledge, techniques, and skills of the profession _éç it is how the practitioner uses these components within the encounter that enables growth, learning and insight. Using field study data from graduate students and educators in a social work program, I examine how educators create conditions that help developing practitioners to form their professional identities for practice understanding. This appears best facilitated through hermeneutic processes, congruency between what we teach and how we teach, and an investment in the developing student's journey towards `being' and `becoming'.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

79

Echeverri, Paula Andrea, Southern Illinois University Carbondale Who Am I Siding with? Dealing with the Complexities of the Advocate/ Researcher Role The purpose of this paper is to discuss the intricacies of my role as a researcher and parent advocate in a multilingual/multiethnic school and simultaneously, my positionality as an insider/outsider researcher. In this ethnographic study I explored how school personnel and immigrant/sojourner families constructed their relationship and negotiated cultural capital as well as how this negotiation affected the educational experience of limited English proficient_éåLEP students. Because of my position as a Latina, non-native speaker of English, and as a sojourner, and parent, I identified with the needs and struggles of the community I chose to study. At the same time, because of my positionality as a researcher coming from the university, the school staff identified me as their ally. I want to discuss in this presentation the challenges and possibilities of such a role. Ehrensal, Patricia A.L., The George Washington University If Education is the Answer What Is/Should Be the Question? Schools and Education in the Discourse of the Crisis in Global Economic Competition This paper examines the discourse of education in a global economic system, particularly with education's position in this discourse. Arguing that education is constructed as acquiring 21st Century skills, this discourse obfuscates two critical points. First, there are not enough jobs globally to absorb all of the "high skill" workers schools are asked to produce, causing a glut in the labor market and decrease in pay. Second, the strategy of global capital is to move work to the countries with the lowest paid workers, resulting in a "race to the bottom." Finally, because children are constructed as the future hope of any society, the first response to problems is to "fix children," and by extension, the schools. It concludes that if to address the crisis of global economic competition, schools should prepare "political" citizens who will demand that their governments work for the people's interest, not that of multinational corporations. Eidelwein, Carmem, Eduardo Ramos Mixed Method Research: Mood States Profiles in High-Level swimming athletes in Brazil See Rotta, Tatiana Marcela Eisenhauer, Jennifer, Bipolar Makes Me a Bad Mother: A Perfomative "Bipolar" Dialogue about Representations of Motherhood This paper utilizes an autobiographical, performative process of inquiry into representations of mothers with bipolar disorder. I performatively interpret the intersections of my own narrative as a mother with bipolar disorder and the narrative of the television show ER, on which the actress Sally Field played a recurring character of a mother who has bipolar disorder. This process of inquiry disrupts typical interpretive research related to popular culture by situating the viewer's (my own) narrative in relationship to the narrative of the show. This raises questions about the implication of viewers in what they view. This reciprocal relationship is particularly important to understand in anti-stigma

80

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

research. In its conclusion, this paper examines the pedagogical implications of this process of inquiry particularly in regards to guiding students toward complex interpretations of popular culture that are situated in relationship to their own interconnectedness with popular media. Ekanayake, Samanthika, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London A Qualitative Study of Psychosocial Consequences and Coping Strategies among Tsunami Survivors in Sri Lanka This exploratory in-depth qualitative study was carried out to discover longerterm consequences of the tsunami in Sri Lanka with respect to psychological outcomes, individual and community functioning and socio-economic difficulties. In-depth interviews were conducted with 38 tsunami affected people and eight service providers were from Matara, Sri Lanka. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis with the elements of Grounded theory. There were considerable numbers of people suffering from long term PTSD, common mental disorders and economic hardships. Traumatic exposure, deaths, property destruction, displacement, resettlement, government policies and loss of livelihoods have created enormous difficulties. Economic difficulties were identified as a strong predictor of psycho-social outcomes. Provision of long-term counselling and multifaceted compensation which include financial, material and employment assistance, will be essential for successful recovery. Ellingson, Laura, Santa Clara Univ. Constructing Mythic Identity and Culture: A Performance and Critique of The Ethnogs See Poulos, Christopher N. Ellingson, Laura Lynn, Santa Clara University Mixing Multiple Methods of Analysis with Multiple Genres of Representation In my work on qualitative crystallization, I advocate passionately for qualitative researchers to create not only multi-method but multi-genre texts (Ellingson, 2009). At the same time, I acknowledge the need to reach audiences through traditional academic, professional, and popular outlets that publish single-genre representations. Hence, I developed strategies for envisioning qualitative crystallization as dendritic, an ongoing and dispersed process of making meaning through multiple epistemologies and genres, constituted in a series of separate but related representations based on a data set, which span the qualitative continuum. I encourage researchers to embrace multiple outlets for fragments of their qualitative projects. In this paper, I provide an overview of the practice of dendritic crystallization and its benefits, discuss strategies for dispersing manuscripts into multiple outlets, and provide an exemplar of an ongoing project involving dendritic crystallization. Ellis, Carolyn, University of South Florida Panelist Each participant will select a passage from Laurel Richardson's book, Last Writes: A Daybook for a Dying Friend, to read to the audience and talk briefly about why that passage was chosen. Laurel will then respond.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

81

Ellis, Carolyn, University of South Florida Autoethnographic Reflections on Meta-Autoethnography See Adams, Tony E. Ergenekon, Yasemin, Anadolu University Preschool Teachers' Opinions On Play Skills Yasemin Ergenekon, Anadolu University; Arzu Ozen, Anadolu University; Burcu Ulke-Kurkcuoglu, Anadolu University and Derya Genc, Anadolu University This study aims to determine the opinions of preschool teachers regarding play activities loaded in their daily schedule. Semi-structured interviews were held with the participants and the findings have been analyzed qualitatively. 10 teachers participated in this study. An interview form containing 11 questions was prepared and applied in order to figure out participants' opinions on play activities. All interviews were audio-taped and took 30 to 60 min. 180 pages of data were obtained from the transcription of the audio-taped interviews. Seven main themes emerged from the data analysis. Findings will be discussed during the presentation. Ergenekon, Yasemin, Anadolu University Special Education Teachers' Opinions On Play Skills Arzu Ozen, Anadolu University; Yasemin Ergenekon, Anadolu University; Derya Genc, Anadolu University and Burcu Ulke-Kurkcuoglu, Anadolu University See Ozen, Arzu Ertem, I. Seyit, Gazi University Teacher candidates' mental images about concept of teacher See Unsal, Haluk Ertem, Ihsan Seyit, Gazi University A Critical Review of Digital Technology for Children with Reading Difficulties The aim of this study is to present a comprehensive review of research on digital technology for children with reading difficulties. In addition, the review was supported with elementary school teacher interviews. This study addresses following research questions: What research says about using digital technology for reading difficulties? What do elementary school teachers know about digital technology? What are their perceptions and concerns on the use of digital technology? After the researches published in the past years were reviewed, semi structured interviews were conducted with teachers to gather more in depth and specific information about the role of digital technology for reading difficulties. Interview transcripts were analyzed by using a constant comparison method. Major themes and categories were derived from the researches and interviews. These categories provided a conceptual framework for the consideration of the use of digital technology. Ertem, Ihsan Seyit, Gazi University Phenomenological Analysis of Cross Cultural Adaptation of Turkish Graduate Students in USA See Sozer, Mehmet Akif

82

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

ERYAMAN, MUSTAFA YUNUS, CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY A mixed-method evaluation of preservice teachers' problem solving strategies in their field experiences through the use of virtual environment in a teacher education program Information communication technologies, including course management systems, provide opportunities for preservice teachers to work together to develop problem solving strategies in their field experiences. The purpose of this study was to explore how preservice teachers develop and exchange the problem solving strategies in their field experiences through the use of virtual environment in a teacher education program. A mixed method evaluation has been employed as the researcher has examined the roles of preservice teachers, university professor and classroom teachers, the nature of communication among them, and ways of problem solving strategies developed and exchanged via the virtual environment. The platform used for the delivery of the digital field experience program is an open source course management system developed by the department of Educational Technology at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University. Escobar, Gloria Matilde, Universidad de Antioquia Action Research in Health See Penaranda, Fernando Espinoza Tapia, Ricardo, Aut__noma de Barcelona Biopolitica sexualidad y etnografia performativa La presente comunicacion reflexiona sobre el impacto de la tradicion epistemologica asociada a los estudios de la sexualidad la cual ha generado formas biopoliticas de construir conocimiento sobre el comportamiento sexual. Se retoman debates sobre la disyuntiva entre posturas esencialistas y construccionistas la relaci__n investigador y sujeto de investigaci__n y la funci__n del cuerpo en estas comprensiones articulando una propuesta de investigaci__n performativa que permite resituar la posici__n del Yo investigador y cuestionar las relaciones de saber-poder localizadas en el cuerpo. Espinoza-Howlett, Jemina, University of Florida Community-Based Project Participants' Perceptions This project is the continuation of an ongoing project, whereby teenagers', teachers', parents', and administrators' responses to interview questions about their experience as participants in a community based preschool project are analyzed. Of interest is their perception of the effect of the program, twelve years after its inception. Originally, the intention of this project was to find and identify measurable criterion for assessment purposes. But as the study has evolved, it has become more apparent that a more fruitful approach is to focus on the process of implementation, specifically. Espinoza-Howlett, Jemina, University of Florida Listos Para Aprender 12 A_Òos Despues de su Inicio This project is the continuation of an ongoing project, whereby teenagers', teachers', parents', and administrators' responses to interview questions about

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

83

their experience as participants in a community based preschool project are analyzed. Of interest is their perception of the effect of the program, twelve years after its inception. Originally, the intention of this project was to find and identify measurable criterion for assessment purposes. But as the study has evolved, it has become more apparent that a more fruitful approach is to focus on the process of implementation, specifically. espinoza, alex, universidad de tarapaca Perceptions about gender discrimination of urban aymara's women from the region of Arica y Parinacota - CHILE See Moraga, Claudia Espinoza, Manuel Luis, University of Colorado Denver The Gleaning of Philosophic Evidence of Learning via Audio-Video Record Reuniting the Philosophy and Anthropology of Education I propose a three-part paper presentation on the gleaning of philosophic evidence of learning from audio-video record of human interaction: 1. Discussion of the social practice of gleaning - the gathering of leftover grain/produce after harvest - and how gleaning can serve as methodological metaphor for philosophic analysis. 2. Exposition on how the philosophy of education (with its focus on the palpable and elusive problematics of "being" that inhere in educational activity) and the anthropology of education (with its attention to symbolic interaction and learning in settings such as school and home) can work closer than they have and, thus, draw on each other's strength in more conscious fashion. 3. interactive demonstration on "gleaning" philosophic evidence of learning from two audio-video sources - the "fictive" world of motion pictures (One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and The Official Story) and "actual" footage from an educational program for high school-aged migrant students. Estable, Alma, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada & Gentium Learning as You Go: Struggling with Democratic Principles in CommunityBased Participatory Research with Immigrant Communities in Canada What do democratic methodologies imply for qualitative inquiry? For over twenty years, we have worked alongside and within immigrant and women's communities in Canada, as independent social researchers with a social justice agenda, committed to democratic participation in changing social and political contexts. We deepened participatory methods, incorporated antiracism and feminism, developed strategies for multilingual analysis,and explored community led dissemination and empowerment. We also encountered barriers and resistance to participatory and qualitative methods; negotiated multiple interpretations of findings overlaid by tense power dynamics; struggled with ethical dilemmas; became discouraged and questioned the feasibility of combining social justice and social research. We will share reflections on our journey towards democratic qualitative methodologies, including the perceptions of community groups and organizations that have accompanied the process over the years. Esteban, Pedro, Eafit PROBABILIDAD: AN_èLISIS E INTERPRETACI_çN DE DATOS See Acevedo, Diana

84

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Estrada, Elibeth Mar__a, Universidad de Carabobo La sociometr__a al servicio de la etnograf__a Acercamiento etnogr_¯fico a trav_s de la sociometr__a para la revisi__n de percepciones entre estudiantes universitarios El proceso de aprendizaje integral se torna complejo dado m__ltiples factores que pueden coadyuvar o no a la revision de percepciones entre estudiantes universitarios El presente hace uso del test sociometrico para promover el intercambio de apreciaciones entre pares para abordar el proceso de grupo Tal emprendimiento tiene lugar en el aula mediante el ejercicio del docente participante para detallar las caracteristicas de los estudiantes que facilite la indagacion de creencias y costumbres propios de estos grupos Palabras Clave percepcion test sociometrico grupo Evans, Colleen, University of British Columbia Competency in Ability Related Social Work Practice This paper explores social work leadership competencies in a variety of disability rights contexts using the author as the primary referent. Drawing on the literature, an interview with the strategic planning manager of a disability related public human service agency and my own personal experience as a practitioner and community leader advocating with and for inclusion and citizenship rights of persons identified as seriously and persistently mentally ill, I consider the skills, knowledge(s) and competencies associated with social work leadership. I explore how these relate to my previous and current experience especially since my disciplinary training constrains my capacity to work in numerous Social Work administration, research, policy development and instructional settings. Finally, I consider how the majority of publicly administered practice frameworks preclude recruitment beyond professionally trained Social Work programs, thus limiting human resource potentialities. Evans, Laura, The Ohio State University Eating Our Words: Women, Bodies, and Voice Lauren Greenfield's exhibition of eating disorder photography, THIN, has been interpreted by critics, artists, social scientists, and health professionals. But, where are the voices of the women whose experience these works of art reflect? In this session, I will compare and contrast the narrative interpretations of Greenfield's THIN by a group of women who self-identify as being eating disordered. As the researcher, I include myself among these women and will auto-ethnographically share my own interpretations of a selection of THIN's photographs. Women with eating disorders are notoriously spoken for by professionals and Greenfield's photographs are a unique moment where art and experience can allow women who have suffered from eating disorders to share their interpretations and their oft-silenced voices. This session will explore the issues of women, bodies, voice, art, and interpretations of Greenfield's THIN. Evans, Laura Elizabeth, The Ohio State University Eating Our Words: Women, Bodies, Voice, and Interpretations of Thin In the aftermath of an eating disorder, I discovered my body. After years of conforming to others' expectations, norms of how we are "supposed" to look and be, I found freedom in accepting the natural order of my own body, caring more for its functionality than aesthetics. Similarly, after a life of constraints in

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

85

academic writing, I discovered, in an experimental writing class, my own voice, one with agency, one expressing my own point of view. Centered in autoethnography, this presentation reveals complexities involved in intertwining personal experiences with research on artworks re-presenting the lives of women with eating disorders. Fambrough, Mary J, Alliant International University Teaching Qualitative Research Methods Each year I teach qualitative research methods to graduate students in organizational psychology. In this presentation, I explore what I think is important to give students, most of whom are entering the field for the first time, in terms of support as well as content. I will share some of the techniques I use to promote the development of reflection, a critical aspect of using the self-as-instrument which I believe is important to becoming a skilled qualitative researcher. Other dimensions of the course that have proven successful over time will be discussed. The other members of this panel are students who have recently completed the qualitative research course which includes an extensive field project. Each of them will discuss their project and some of their learning experiences. Fardella, Carla, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso Fashioning teachersTMæ identity to new public management in Chile See Sisto, Vicente Fasching-Varner, Kenneth James, Edgewood College Black, White, or Whatever:Qualitaitve Inquiry of Racial Identity and Profession with White Pre-service Teachers This study explores white pre-service teacher's narratives to understand the nature of teacher White Racial Identit through Critical Race Theory lenses. A series of testimonial interviews with nine white pre-service teachers were conducted to understand the nature of identity as well as the author's auto-ethnographic self. Findings were derived from layered data analysis including transcription, open coding, and (cross)case writing. Findings revealed participants in the study used semantic moves to present beliefs about race, have underdeveloped understandings of profession choice, and used a semantic techniques to explain their own white racial development including linking diversity to race, attaching identity to racial "others" and exhibiting a lack of coherence with respect to discussing their own white racial identity. Implications of the research focus on how to help white pre-service educators better understand their whiteness and the implications of white supremacy and racism. Faulkner, Sandra L., Bowling Green State University Poetry as/in Research: Poets and Qualitative Research Many poets' inspiration and sources for poetic projects resemble social researchers' uses for poetic inquiry and representation. The similarities between poets and qualitative researchers, especially those who engage in critical artsbased research, seem to reside in the use of process-oriented craft; both are using craft to explore reality and create something new. In this project, I address the following questions: what do poets who use research in/as the inspiration for their poetry wish to accomplish? What does this poetry have to offer as a

86

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

research method and means of representation? I will examine a selection of poets who use historical and ethnographic research in their work to address social inequities along with the possibilities of exploring new ways of understanding that show how we live in, with and as poetry, and how living is a poeticizing activity. Fern_¯ndez, Andrea Mabel, UBA Los desafios de la construccion de la evidencia em Las reflexiones que se presentan son producto de la tesis de doctorado en curso. Su objeto es La Representaci__n Social (RS) de la propiedad de la tierra de jovenes y adultos en condiciones de riesgo educativo que participan en organizaciones barriales y en movimientos sociales emergentesde Villa 15. Bs. As. Dir. Dra. Mar__a Teresa Sirvent. El abordaje metodologico adoptado responde a una logica de generacion conceptual con la inclusi__n de instancias participativas (Sirvent, 2007). En esta ponencia se desarrollan algunos desaf__os teoricos- metodologicos del proceso de la construccion de la evidencia empirica conducente a construir el objeto de estudio. Fernandez, Ana, Universidad Pedagogica Nacional El relato de sujetos constructores de ciudadania El uso de historias de vida junto con el trabajo de observacion participante y de revision documental permitio acercarse a la identidad y a los significados que actores de la sociedad civil asignan a su compromiso con la tarea de educar para la participacion ciudadana y la defensa de los derechos humanos a ni_Òos y jovenes de comunidades urbano marginadas. Desde una perspectiva metodologica biografico narrativa se reconstruyo el contexto sociocultural de cada historia. Ello permitio develar aspectos del entramado y los puntos de cruce entre la historia social y la historia personal de estos actores. Fernandez, Maria Elvira, Simon Rodriguez Construccion de Conocimiento de la Vida Cotidiana See Ballester, Belkis Ferreira de Oliveira, Walter Ferreira de, UFSC - Federal University of Santa Catarina Mixed Method Research: Mood States Profiles in High-Level swimming athletes in Brazil See Rotta, Tatiana Marcela Ferrinho, Paulo Girou, New University of Lisbon Fertilidade e pobreza: representa_·_Êes de assistentes sociais sobre padr_Êes de fertilidade e de utiliza_·_úo de cuidados de sa__de reprodutiva, por parte de mulheres pobres e n_úo pobres See Craveiro, Isabel Rodrigues

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

87

Ferrinho, Paulo Girou, New University of Lisbon Fertility and poverty: representations of poor and non poor women and health professionals about fertility and maternal health care See Craveiro, Isabel Rodrigues Feuerverger, Grace, University of Toronto / OISE Uplifting the Human Spirit: Teaching and Writing Vulnerably about Schools as Places of Hope This paper will explore teaching and learning in schools as a sacred life journey, a quest toward liberation. It is based on autoethnographic research, which culminated in the writing of my book "Teaching, Learning and Other Miracles" and is intended for teacher/educators who wish to make a real difference in the lives of their students, and who find themselves, as I did, on winding and often treacherous paths, longing to discover the meaning and potential in their professional lives at school. It also honours the struggle of every student who seeks to be rescued, to be heard, and to speak the truth about his or her lived experience. Many such students fall by the wayside, too weary from experiences of violence, war, poverty or other oppressions to continue on their journey towards the life force. A child of Holocaust survivors, I wrote this book to tell how schools can be a magical places where miracles can happen if classrooms are allowed to become nurturing, creative and safe spaces. I wish to share narratives about my school teaching years, about my university teaching and about my research work with immigrant and refugee students and the teachers in their lives. Unifying these is a story of how language, culture and school serendipitously all came together in my childhood to offer me a way to survive --- a pathway toward hope. Feuerverger, Grace, University of Toronto / OISE Uplifting the Human Spirit: Teaching and Writing Vulnerably about Schools as Places of Hope This paper will explore teaching and learning in schools as a sacred life journey, a quest toward liberation. It is based on autoethnographic research, which culminated in the writing of my book "Teaching, Learning and Other Miracles" and is intended for teacher/educators who wish to make a real difference in the lives of their students, and who find themselves, as I did, on winding and often treacherous paths, longing to discover the meaning and potential in their professional lives at school. It also honours the struggle of every student who seeks to be rescued, to be heard, and to speak the truth about his or her lived experience. Many such students fall by the wayside, too weary from experiences of violence, war, poverty or other oppressions to continue on their journey towards the life force. A child of Holocaust survivors, I wrote this book to tell how schools can be a magical places where miracles can happen if classrooms are allowed to become nurturing, creative and safe spaces. I wish to share narratives about my school teaching years, about my university teaching and about my research work with immigrant and refugee students and the teachers in their lives. Unifying these is a story of how language, culture and school serendipitously all came together in my childhood to offer me a way to survive --- a pathway toward hope.

88

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Fiala, Thomas J., Arkansas State University Social Shock and the Panacea of Free Market Theory: Segregation, Juntas, Hurricanes, and the Assault on Public Education This paper critically examines how Milton Friedman's free market economic theories have been used by conservative ideologues to assault public education during pivotal moments of social crises. The ultimate goal of educational policies influenced by Friedman's free market theories has been to abolish public education and privatize schools in part through voucher and charter school programs, school choice initiatives, and competition. This paper considers how Friedman's social and economic ideas and his allegiance to anti-collectivism were used at different points in time to maintain segregated schools in the southern United States, strengthen a fascist state and privatize schools during the Pinochet regime, or dismantle the public school system of post-Katrina New Orleans. The paper will demonstrate how individuals in positions of dominance, by exploiting moments of social upheaval, used Friedman's economic theories as an impediment to the creation a more socially just society. Fiala, Thomas J., Arkansas State University Phonemes, Phonics, and Fluency: The Bifurcation of Emergent Literacy Instruction for Poor and Marginalized Populations See Owens, Deborah Duncan Filho, M_¯rio Jos_, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP Pesquisa qualitativa: instrumento de interdiscipli Pesquisa qualitativa: instrumento de interdisciplinaridadeO Grupo Pr_¯tica de Pesquisa _éç PRAPES, cadastrado no CNPq., se constitui, de pesquisadores de v_¯rias _¯reas profissionais: Servi_·o Social, Psicologia, Economia e Filosofia. Dedica-se a estudos e pesquisas, numa perspectiva interdisciplinar, relacionados __ pr_¯tica de pesquisa, buscando o processo de conhecimento nas dimens_Êes: epistemol__gica _éç hist__ria do conhecimento, alguns pensadores cl_¯ssicos e classifica_·_úo da ci__ncia; axiol__gica: _tica, dignidade, sujeitos; metodol__ gicas: tipologia de pesquisa: m_todos, vertentes; instrumentais. A pesquisa qualitativa _ uma das abordagens mais desenvolvida pelo grupo, o que ser_¯ relatado neste trabalho. Finley, Susan, Washington State University At Home At School: Performances of Resistance, Transformation, and Critical Pedagogy This paper examines conditions of exploitation and invisibility to reveal circumstances that perpetuate cycles of exclusion, exploitations, and radical social engineering generated by the contexts of homelessness and poverty. Critical, activist and multi-conceptual research methodologies have been used in a process of reconceptualization and transformation of educational practices that are consistant with decolonizing educational systems. Performances of experiences with resisting colonizing educational rituals will be used to critique particular capitalistic, neoliberal educational practices. The goal is to further discussion of research frameworks and development of new narratives of transformation and resistance.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

89

Fish, Michael, University of Wisconsin-Madison An ethnographic analysis of the cultural knowledge of critical mathematics educators This presentation will discuss the process and results of an ethnographic analysis conducted to explicitly acknowledge the voice of members of a subculture of mathematics teachers. Teacher education researchers believe members of this subculture oppose dominant mathematics through their curricular practices and participate in a multilayered resistance to traditional pedagogy by encouraging their students to use mathematical knowledge for social change. However, what we do not adequately understand are the core values and beliefs of this culturesharing group and, more importantly, what this looks like in the mathematics classroom. In addressing these issues, the outcomes of analysis will detail an understanding of these teachers' cultural beliefs and knowledge and the nature of their daily meaningful practices Flaherty, Ian, University of Sydney The auto/biography of love This paper discusses several literary texts, the mores of their time and place introduced as an entry point to the sociological concepts the relationships within these texts illustrate. Holding the Man (Conigrave, 1995) is used to illustrate three key concepts influencing how gay men form intimate, meaningful and close interpersonal relationships. Firstly, the significance of sex as a "communicative code" (Luhmann, 1990: 5) in the relationships of gay men is examined in the context of both the freedoms and hardships this code can bring. Secondly, the crisis of self-realisation is examined across time and place. Lastly, the narratives of all of the texts are contextualised within an understanding of the `pure relationship' as described by Giddens (1991). By drawing close the sociological narratives and the narratives the characters in the texts have produced, ways in which the sociological becomes the personal in the lives of the characters are suggested. Fontana, Alina, Universidad de Buenos Aires Una investigacion accion participativa en los barr See Sirvent, Mar__a Teresa Ford, Amanda M., Duquesne University A Researcher's Passion and Suffering: Revealing and Transforming Chronic Pain and the Ghost Self through Righteous Anger and Authentic Disclosure Millions endure chronic pain; a complex condition which can be caused by injury, disease, or damage to the pain system itself, although sometimes origins are unknown. A sufferer may experience societal biases and prejudices; furthermore, since there is no way to feel another person's pain, a lack of understanding and empathy. These factors, accompanied by pain, can fragment the sufferer's mind, body, and soul who then may conceal their pain and subsequent feelings such as anger. This fragmentation may leave a sufferer to feel like a mere shadow of the former self or "ghost" self.As researcher and sufferer, Ford challenges subjectivity as a negative in research. Instead of repressing emotions, Ford addresses how the subjective lens of "righteous anger" is guiding her work

90

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

on chronic pain and suggests how righteous anger and authentic disclosure play vital roles in the transformation of the ghost self into a unique identity_éåspirit. Ford, Viktoria, Slash the misconception: chainsaw reform in assessment See Munson, April Ford, Viktoria, Longing for the Mongrel: The Hybridization of Pedagogy and Practiceand Reflections on Implementing a Blended Course See Munson, April Foster, Elissa, Lehigh Valley Hospital Autoethnographic Reflections on Meta-Autoethnography See Adams, Tony E. Fraga, Cecilia, Universidad de Buenos Aires Reconstructing Gender Identities in Working Class Women This paper begins by describing an experience of participation in a collective project of self-build homes in a neighborhood of Buenos Aires City. From this experience we intend to delve into the subtle changes experienced by workingclass women in their gender identities. Our fieldwork consisted of successive interviews and conversations with these women. This analysis is focused on traditional stereotypes, and/or the emergence of new meanings associated with the feminine or masculine in the direction of greater gender equity. Fredriksen, Biljana Culibrk, Vestfold University College, Norway Intersubjectivity, Interpretation and Improvisation: How Three-Year-Old Students Challenge Researchers' Competence Biljana C Fredriksen, College of Education, Vestfold University College, Norway A PhD study of children's meaning making during explorative play with sculpturing materials conducted by an art teacher/practitioner-researcher in a Norwegian early childhood center. The form of inquiry was inspired by A/R/ Tography (Irwin 2004), involving video-recording of own activity with children. Children's highly imaginative and multimodal forms of communication have challenged the researcher's ability to create immediate and appropriate responses to the children's creative verbal and non-verbal contributions. If we respect young children, value their way of living and want them to become self-confident individuals, research methods in early childhood education must respond to their expressive ways of democratic participation. Freeman, Emily C., University of Toronto A Constructivist Grounded Theory Study of the Experiences of Canadian Women with Endometriosis The purpose of this constructivist grounded theory study was to explore women's experiences with endometriosis through diagnosis. Using a constructivist grounded theory methodology, the following research objectives guided this study: (a) document the experiences and consequences of receiving a medical

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

91

diagnosis of endometriosis from the perspective of a group of women living in Hamilton, Ontario and (b) formulate a middle-range interpretive theory of the women's experiences with diagnosis, in order to help others better understand the endometriosis experience from the patient's perspective. Seventy women were interviewed and the results indicate that the women experienced endometriosis as a journey through constant interaction with the social worlds they had defined through diagnosis. Understanding these individual experiences as a journey, instead of solely a diagnosis as a separate experience has practical implications for healthcare providers treating endometriosis. Freeman, Emily C., University of Toronto Understanding Post traumatic growth in patients with advanced cancer: a pilot study The purpose of this study is to explore questions using a constructivist grounded theory methodology that will enhance the quantitative portion of the Managing Cancer and Living Meaningfully (CALM) randomized controlled trial conducted at Princess Margaret Hospital in Toronto, Ontario. During the pilot phase of this study we explored the experience of patients with advanced cancer who have experienced the CALM intervention in order to understand the following: (1) their experiences of CALM therapy, (2) to explore and document the changes that participants have been experiencing over time from the beginning of the trial (i.e. what factors contribute to or delay the experience of psychological growth and psychological demoralization/deterioration during their illness experience), and (3) to explore the patients' perceptions of the intervention and their treatment environment. Freeman, Melissa, University of Georgia Engaging Values in a Multicultural Evaluation Context What happens when you combine a professional development school model with school-wide enrichment instructional strategies and district non-negotiable practices in a school that serves a high-minority and high-poverty population? Along with a set of principles drawn from hermeneutics and deliberative democratic evaluation this question guides our formative values-engaged evaluation design. Differences about best practices have already surfaced as have tensions between different models of instruction. Therefore, we also figured into the design feedback loops meant to elucidate diverse stakeholders' beliefs and values and foster dialogue and deliberation about those perspectives in ways that promote organizational learning and practices that support educational excellence and equity for all students. This paper provides an account of our journey as evaluators as we engage critically with diverse stakeholders over differences about values, commitments, beliefs, and stances on education. Freidin, Betina, Buenos Aires Hibridaci__n y adaptaciones locales de medicinas orientales en Latinoam_rica: El caso de la pr_¯ctica del Ayurveda en Argentina El Ayurveda es un sistema m_dico milenario tradicional de la India que comenz__ a difundirse en Argentina en las dos __ltimas d_cadas. Bas_¯ndonos en entrevistas en profundidad con m_dicos argentinos formados en Ayurveda, exploramos c__mo han integrado esta disciplina en su pr_¯ctica profesional en

92

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

un contexto socio-cultural e institucional de hegemon__a de la biomedicina y marginalizaci__n de las medicinas alternativas y complementarias. Observamos los procesos de hibridaci__n y las adaptaciones locales en c__mo los m_dicos practican esta medicina for_¯nea, atendiendo a algunos factores estructurales y culturales que han condicionando dichas adaptaciones: las posibilidades de formaci__n en el pa__s, las interpretaciones de los m_dicos de las preferencias de cuidado de la salud y cura de los pacientes, y su evaluaci__n de c__mo la falta de regulaci__n del Ayurveda e inserci__n en el sistema de salud oficial limita su pr_¯ctica cl__nica. Freitag, Jennifer, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale Writing Violence: Revealing Self and Family for the Public Good As I write my self into my research, authority and risk continuously trouble my inquiry into stories of gender violence and my desire to promote reflection and dialogue through my work. This paper explores the relationship between positionality and efficacy, the ethics of personal and public accountability, and the possibilities created through specific narrative choices that constitute and implicate self and family. Freytes, Ada Cora, Universidad del Salvador La Imagen en la Coproduccion de Conocimiento La apelacion a los lenguajes audio-visuales es una practica que se esta extendiendo paulatinamente en la investigacion social. El presente trabajo reflexiona sobre las potencialidades de tales lenguajes para favorecer un aspecto central pero problematico de la Investigacion Accion Participativa (IAP): la construccion conjunta de conocimiento entre investigadores y actores locales. Esta colaboracion presenta particulares dificultades al trabajar con poblaciones subalternas o victimas de violencia simbolica. La discusion se basa en una experiencia de IAP con jovenes del Gran Buenos Aires en situacion de pobreza extrema. El objetivo fue a analizar participativamente los factores multiples asociados al abandono escolar juvenil a fin de establecer estrategias locales para promover el derecho a la educacion. Freytes, Ada Cora, Universidad del Salvador Overcoming Subalternisation through Art Participatory action research (PAR) involves collaborative construction of knowledge among researchers and local actors. Collaboration is particularly challenging for researchers when working with subaltern populations, as we experienced in a PAR project shared with young people living in extreme poverty in the Greater Buenos Aires area. The objective was to promote educational rights, based on a participatory diagnosis of aspects associated with school abandonment. The main challenge was young people's reluctance to address their school experience, due to stigmatization processes associated with school failure. Video production helped us to overcome this blockage and other subalternisation traps. Frish, Yehiel, Shaanan Academic College Quality Assurance: Student Rights or Academic Freedom ? See Katz, Sara

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

93

Fritsch, Aaron, San Francisco State University Without a Map: Locating Friendship in Queer Times and Places : Friendship, as a queer mode of being, is devoid of the narrative mapping posited by romantic relationships through popular media and other cultural texts. Our performance confronts the question of how to tell the story of a friendship by figuring it as a constellation of moments. In doing this, we show that friendship exists ambiguously as a site of infinite potentiality, relocating friendship within queer temporal and spatial planes in whichmultiplicitous modes of experience are enacted. Fuertes-Martin, Antonio , Speech analysis of sexual life and sexual experiences of adult indigenous women from the north of Chile See Zapata Sepulveda, Pamela Fumiere, Marcela Alicia, Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero Metodos Insurgentes en Alfabetizacion: Critico y Rizomatico La investigacion y praxis en alfabetizacion es considerada como un instrumento politico de liberacion en el marco global de la actual etapa de desarrollo capitalista.Nos interpela la lengua materna como resistencial, lenguajes rizomaticos, incapturables, contrahegemonicos, las diversidades culturales y los derechos humanos. Las alfabetizaciones multiples, holisticas, sensiblesracionales, democraticas reales - legales y populares, movimientos micropoliticos de los cuerpos colonizados en lucha y en camino de su descolinizacion. Desde la captura y apropiacion de la lecto escritura hasta la conciencia critica de quien se autobiografia ecopedagogicamente La articulacion entre la pedagogia critica y el metodo rizomatico en los procesos alfabetizadores multiples. Fuster, Delia Tamara, Arizona State University Mexican immigrant mothers' beliefs about moral and social development Families migrating to the United States face numerous challenges as they arrive to the new land. This study examines Mexican immigrant mothersTMæ beliefs on social and moral development in light of their adaptation to the United States. This paper draws from an ethnographic study of mothers living either the San Francisco Bay Area or in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Mothers were shadowed during their daily routines and interviewed. The study found patterns of cultural continuity as defined by their Mexican traditional beliefs such as being "bien educado" (proper demeanor) and showing "respeto" (proper demeanor) yet, at the same time patterns of change in the way they raise their children. Lastly, factors such as mothersTMæ educational achievement and more specifically, mothers' access to printed and English language media, seem to be related to mothers expressing views that resemble more American mainstream cultural beliefs. Gabel, Susan, National-Louis University What Can be Learned From the 3C Model to Provide Disabled Students a Quality Postsecondary Education? See Miskovic, Maja

94

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Gabriel, Rachel, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Naming of the (Dis)abled: A Critical Performance This critical performance explores the contradictions and tensions of the naming of individuals as (dis)abled within special education meetings. Drawing upon data from in-depth interviews with special education professors, school staff, parents, and students who have been involved in such meetings, we attend to the varied discourses that act to position, manage, and (at times) contest labeled identities frequently framed by normative and deficit-models of human development. Through re-presenting the discursive practices of our participants, we problematize the practice of labeling one's way of being and doing as (dis)abled, orienting to such practices as a "theatre of the absurd." Gahan, Gary, South Eastern Sydney and Illawarra Area Health Ser Collaborating with Front-line Health Workers in Qualitative Research: Impact in a Sensitive Area See Gray, Rebecca Gale, Jerry, University of Georgia Exploring Undergraduates' Understanding of Cultural Stories See Li, Pei-Fen Gale, Ken, University of Plymouth The Work of We Five scholars, with varying histories together, met as writers at a workshop at the 2007 International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry and made a commitment to write over the following year to, for and with each other in an experiment in the craft of autoethnography, an experiment that led us to explore questions of intimacy and connection manifested through collaborative writing. Each year since then we have returned to Congress to read a small anthology of the year's writing _éç and to decide whether or not to continue. We draft this abstract a few months into our third year of writing together across the changing distances, as our bodies move and lay still in both unfamiliar and familiar spaces on the surface of the planet we share. Within castles and beside oceans, on pastures and in homes, at universities and hospitals, we write together, between and amongst our group of five, working, as always, it seems, at who and what we are becoming. Gale, Ken, Plymouth Negotiating the Storms of Nomadic Collaborative Writing: the Obituary as Method of Inquiry Following our initial positioning as doctoral students and supervisor respectively, and our writing together about aspects of that four-year experience (Gale, Speedy and Wyatt 2010), our continuing nomadic writing journeying led us into making new, ever-changing senses of each other. After the early calm, we ran into storms. Those storms swirled around and between us and in our subsequent silences, we became lost, at least to ourselves. Jane and Jonathan turned to the genre of the obituary as a method of inquiry, leaving Ken alone, or so it would seem, to become the nomad he had written about

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

95

Gale, Ken, University of Plymouth Chasing shadows; making sense of lived experience through collaborative writing and performance In this presentation two friends share their experience of writing through and in the ether. Revelling like gleeful alchemists in gaseous atmospheres, they present their selves, willing words to dance on the electronic page, tossing them to and fro, between one another, conjuring wispy landscapes of love and loss, of living and learning in vibrant, transient unions that both hum with transgressive clarity then hiss with indistinct mystery. Scorched by curiousity, in their presentation they share with others in a search for the elusive and the mercurial, their words weaving the concepts, affects and percepts of Deleuzian inquiry with the surging, heaving imagery of waves, the relentless ocean and the reckless tumble of the swimmer. They share their delirious collaborative and performative attempts to live in and with their intuitive, creative and ethically sensitive struggles as friends, parents and teachers. GALVEZ, JOSE LUIS, UNIVERSIDAD DE LA FRONTERA ESTUDIO CASO Y TEORIA FUNDADA EN GERENCIA SOCIAL CASO CUALITATIVO Y ANALISIS DE TEORIA FUNDADA EN GERENCIA SOCIAL. El estudio de caso intrinsico constituye un referente metodologico en el ambito de buenas practicas en Gerencia Social sin embargo la fase de analisis de datos adolece de un marco conceptual y un protocolo de analisis solidamente construido en terminos metodologicos que permita captar de manera exhaustiva el comportamiento del fenomeno en el campo. Este articulo desarrolla una propuesta metodologica basada en la incorporacion de la Teoria Fundada (Ground Theory) en su dimension de analisis permitiendo al gerente social construir categorias pertinentes y ponerlas en tension a traves de un trabajo de campo que permita un analisis integral y coherente. Galvis Arias, Natalia, Universidad de Antioquia Exclusi__n dentro de la inclusi__n en educaci__n supe See Alzate Yepes, Teresita Gama, Ana, Immigrant Women' Perceptions of Barriers to Access See Dias, Sonia Ganapathy Coleman, Hema, Indiana State University Emotional Experiences and Coping among Asian International Students in the US: An Interview Study See Sung, Duk-Hae Gangnon, Bradley, United international college Duluth's Building for Women In 1993, Tina Welsh, Executive Director of the Women's Health Center, asks leaders of women's organizations in Duluth, MN to help her find a permanent home for her agency, which provides abortion services. WHC repeatedly lost its lease because of protesting by regional (Missionaries to the Pre-Born) and

96

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

national (Operation Rescue) organizations. This qualitative case study uses oral history interviews to examine the public relations strategies employed in the Building for Women campaign. The case study includes documentarty evidence from the archives of the BFW, interviews with key leaders, and autoethnographic relfection. Gangnon, Bradley, United international college Can Facebook Notes Be Data? Many people now chronicle their lived experience through blogs. In this essay, I explore how a particular form of blog, Notes, on the popular social networking site Facebook can be used as data in autoethnographic writing. In October 2008, I began a series of Notes chronicling my cultural adaptation to life as an American expatriate in the People's Republic of China. Another series of my Notes describe my active participation as an individual in recovery from alcoholism. I want to know what, if any, value these Notes serve in writing my lived experience as a cultural phenomenon. Unlike diaries and journals written solely for personal reflection and analysis, Facebook Notes allow our friends to add comments to our personal journeys. What, if any, aid to these comments add to writing autoethnographically? Gangnon, Bradley, United international college Niether Practice, Nor Performance This essay examines the theory based tension between modern practice and postmodern performance as an explanatory tool for sexual identity disclosure in the classroom. Basically, practice denotes an ongoing social action and performance fleeting yet stylized action. Using autoethnographic methods, I examine my new experience teaching in China from within the closet, a new teaching environment for me. I attempt to answer three questions within the project. Does the lack of sexual identity disclosure in the classroom constitute a breach of practice? Do silence and topic shifting constitute a performance of identity? How do Western Values of sexual identity disclosure engage lived experience in mainland China? The ethnographic situation examined involves life within the People's Republic of China but with easy access to former European outposts Hong Kong and Macau. Garces, Diana Marcela, Universidad de Antioquia & University of Illinois at Rockford Community Based Participatory Action Research: Promoting Inclusion and Well-Being among Indigenous Communities at the Colombian Amazon There is increased interest in the public health field to conduct research that can play a critical role in furthering social justice among minority populations. The use of qualitative methods in the Community Based Participatory Action Research approach has demonstrated effectiveness in identifying and addressing priority health issues in a culturally inclusive manner and promoting community empowerment. Through preliminary results of a participatory evaluation of a CBPAR process conducted in two Tikuna indigenous communities at the Colombian Amazon, insights about successes and challenges are presented. Also, the role of reciprocity in contributing to community well-being and ethical research will be discussed.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

97

Garces, Diana Marcela, Universidad de Antioquia & University of Illinois at Rockford Mental health issues among rural Latino immigrants to the Midwest: Social justice reflections See Cristancho, Sergio Garces, Marcela, Universidad de Antioquia & University of Illinois at Rockford Community Mobilization around Mental Health, Chronic Disease and Acculturation in Rural Hispanics: The Healthy Minds, Healthy Bodies Project See Peters, Karen Garcia, Isabel, Instituto de Estudios Sociales Avanzados Una propuesta de triangulacion metodologica See Rodriguez-Morcillo, Luis Garcia, Moctezuma, Howard Brown Health Center, Chicago "I Don't Want to Compare Races, but": Recommendations for HIV Prevention from HIV-positive YMSM See Hidalgo, Marco A. Garcia, Rosana, Campinas Reflections about Health Management Teaching at an Undergraduate Medicine Program in Campinas' University (Unicamp), Brazil See Carvalho, Sergio Garofalo, , Howard Brown Health Center; Children's Mem. Hosp. "I Don't Want to Compare Races, but": Recommendations for HIV Prevention from HIV-positive YMSM See Hidalgo, Marco A. Garratt, Dean, Liverpool John Moores University "Race" and Citizenship in Britain: a crisis in political literacy? This paper considers the social significance and interaction between sport and the alliance of citizenship, civic identity and social control in contemporary Britain. It is set against a backdrop of an emerging cosmopolitanism and politics of difference and is posed in response to renewed interest in notions of `Britishness', `nationhood' and `shared national identity'. In the context of the forthcoming 2012 London Olympic Games, the paper challenges the use of `sporting citizenship' as a pedagogical device intended to rekindle notions of `civic patriotism' and social cohesion across communities nationwide. The analysis questions the role of sport as a panacea for the perceived ills of society and means of social control, and further considers the extent to which the state pedagogy of `sporting citizenship' can be conceived as the rebirth of a folk-religion. Finally, the paper critically considers the implications of renewed `faith' in sport as part of the Olympic legacy.

98

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Garratt, Dean, Liverpool John Moores University "Sporting Citizenship" in Britain: the rebirth of religion? This paper questions the nature and purpose of citizenship education in England against the backdrop of a perceived widespread deficit in political literacy. The analysis draws upon the historical antecedents of the absent-presence of `race' in education policy in England, to understand the relationship between the lack of political consciousness among teachers and recurring omission of `race' in the discourse of citizenship education. The implications of the recent rise of the political `far-right' are critically considered alongside the absence of a counter-language to challenge such racist organisations and discourses: ones which serve to undermine the core values of human rights, human dignity, respect and social justice. The paper questions how it is possible for teachers to work more productively with tensions in education policy as a means to address the current pedagogical impasse and wider multicultural malaise in education and society. Garza, Gilbert, University of Dallas Traces of the Other: A Trip to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Rooted in the ethical philosophy of Levinas, this paper is an autoethnographic description of the authors' experience of a visit to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. Themes of the face, the Other, and the trace are explored against the backdrop of a journey through the exhibits of the Holocaust Museum culminating in the Hall of Remembrance. The artwork of children, the piles of belongings taken from the prisoners, the expansive hall of portraits of the dead, and the walk from the ghettos through the rail cars, passed the replica of the entry gate to Auschwitz, and finally through the barracks and the model of the gas chambers all speak to the ethical obligation to the Other, the persistence of this obligation through the face, and the poignant presence in absence of the trace of the dead. Implications for justice, ethics, and human dignity will be discussed. Gaspar, Cristina, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina RESEARCHING THE RESEARCH: PRELIMINARY REPORTS ON A STUDY ON DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION IN BRAZIL See Oliveira, Walter Ferreira Gaspar, Cristina, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina RESEARCHING THE RESEARCH: PRELIMINARY REPORTS ON A STUDY ON DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL See Oliveira, Walter Ferreira Gathigi, George, Hampshire College (Re)Learning to Greet: Experiences of Doing Audience Ethnography in Kieni West in Central Kenya Prior to conducting audience ethnography research in Kieni West in Central Kenya, my least of concerns as a native ethnographer was how to greet, communicate or carry other interactions with the local people in my community. After all I speak Kikuyu as my first language, understand all aspects of the Kikuyu culture, and know people in Kieni area. However, my fieldwork experiences

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

99

include countless instances of learning the `language', negotiation, integration, being defined and redefined, and being assigned and carrying out different roles. Building from Quincy Owusu's seminal piece " Ethnography of Africa: The usefulness of the useless", I argue that understanding the local language and culture is useful but not necessarily enough to address the local realities. Gemignani, Marco, The uncomfortable yet good fit between qualitative research methodologies and trainings in professional psychology Potentially, psychologists and students of professional psychology are model candidates for the practice of qualitative research. Their training focuses on psycho-social change, self-awareness, attention to relational dynamics, and knowledge of cultural aspects of human behaviors. This would be an ideal ground to promote and use reflexivity and subjectivity to ensure the development of critical and complex perspectives. However, the potentials implicit in the human sciences training tend to be silenced by mainstream quantitative discourses on behavioral science. My presentation centers on the ways in which the lack of recognition of personal and socio-cultural contexts, constructions, and narratives contributes to the divide between practitioners and academicians and to the subjectivation and disempowerment of trainees and psychologists. Gemignani, Marco, Duquesne University Exploring "Relational Being" with Ken Gergen This session will explore the implications and potentials of Ken Gergen's new book, "Relational Being, Beyond Self and Community." This book develops an entirely new landscape for understanding human activity, one that places its origins neither within individual psychology, nor within the communities of which one is a part. Rather, the focus is on relational process, and its origination of all that we take to be real, rational, and good. Dispensing with conceptions of causality, agency, and the neural basis of behavior, among others, Gergen explores the multi-potentials of persons in relationship, and as well, the origins of moral and political conflict. These views are linked to myriad practices, in research, education, therapy, and more. Qualitative research is focal to this discussion. Gergen will introduce the work, after which panel members will contribute insights, opinions, and visions of possible futures. Genc, Derya, Anadolu University Special Education Teachers' Opinions On Play Skills Arzu Ozen, Anadolu University; Yasemin Ergenekon, Anadolu University; Derya Genc, Anadolu University and Burcu Ulke-Kurkcuoglu, Anadolu University See Ozen, Arzu Genc, Derya, Anadolu University Preschool Teachers' Opinions On Play Skills Yasemin Ergenekon, Anadolu University; Arzu Ozen, Anadolu University; Burcu Ulke-Kurkcuoglu, Anadolu University and Derya Genc, Anadolu University See Ergenekon, Yasemin

100

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Genc, Salih, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University A Qualitative Evaluation of Parents' Views on School-Family Partnerships: A Case Study in Canakkale The main purpose of the study is to evaluate parents' views on school-family partnerships in Canakkale, Turkey. The research is a qualitative study in the descriptive form. 20 parents whose children are students in 4 elementary schools in Canakkale will participate in the study. In order to obtain data, a semistructured interview technique will be used. A descriptive analysis will be used in order analyze the data obtained from the study. In the study, in order to be able to explain the questions of `why' and `how' I will get into details if there is sufficient data level. At this stage, a method of determining main points will be exploited by using an inductive approach and uncovering the interviews held. Furthermore, the data will be analysed and coded on the basis of these main points. Gergen, Kenneth, Qualitative Inquiry: The Path to a New Psychology Functioning almost exclusively under a primitive form of logical empiricist metatheory, psychological science has become increasingly narrow in scope and increasingly remote from major concerns of society. A social constructionist alternative stands as a major alternative to logical empiricism, and proposes a far broader and richer vision of the field. However, broad discussions of the nature of scientific knowledge are virtually precluded. In contrast, qualitative research practices are available and practicable throughout the entire field of psychology. These practices also carry with them an enormous variety of conceptual and ideological orientations. As well, many offer subtle but significant challenges to empiricist metatheory. In effect, as qualitative research practices become increasingly employed, so do they introduce a liberating pluralism. Special attention will be given to the implied epistemologies and values manifest in phenomenological, narrative, auto- ethnographic, and action research. Gergen, Kenneth J., Swarthmore College Exploring "Relational Being" with Ken Gergen This session will explore the implications and potentials of Ken Gergen's new book, "Relational Being, Beyond Self and Community." This book develops an entirely new landscape for understanding human activity, one that places its origins neither within individual psychology, nor within the communities of which one is a part. Rather, the focus is on relational process, and its origination of all that we take to be real, rational, and good. Dispensing with conceptions of causality, agency, and the neural basis of behavior, among others, Gergen explores the multi-potentials of persons in relationship, and as well, the origins of moral and political conflict. These views are linked to myriad practices, in research, education, therapy, and more. Qualitative research is focal to this discussion. Gergen will introduce the work, after which panel members will contribute insights, opinions, and visions of possible futures.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

101

Gergen, Mary, Penn State Univ., Brandywine Retiring, but not shy: 65 MPH (Mighty Powerful Headwinds) This performance piece engages with the options for living after the magic age of 65, when "retirement" becomes a significant topic for women with careers. Various ways of addressing this opportunity for new definitions of a meaningful life are explored through a theatrical form of presentation. The research is based on a series of narratives from women who identify as psychologists. Gilbert, Kathleen, Indiana University Meaning Making of Family After Long Term Foster Care See Lawrence, Carrie Gilbert, Kathleen R. , Indiana University at Bloomington Parenting Style of Taiwanese Single Mothers Whose Eldest Child Is between the Ages of Seven and Seventeen See Chen, Jou-Chen Gildersleeve, Ryan Evely, Iowa State University Re-imgaining IRB: A Fantasy Response to Reality (post-)Critical and Indigenous scholars have theorized Institutional Review Boards (IRB) as agents of reproduction that perpetuate academic inequality and the truncation of knowledge. These functions stand in contrast to the disruptive and social justice imperatives of many (post-)critical and Indigenous methodological frameworks. In this paper, I share a normative experience with IRB, highlighting the ways that IRB actions and responses served to preserve racist and nativist discourses. These discourses reinscribe the precise ideologies that my post-critical qualitative research projects sought to work against. I contrast this normative experience with an anti-oppressive counterscript_éåa fantasy of what IRB could be_éåfrom my post-critical perspective. After problematizing the normative practices of IRB and fantasizing new post-critical practices, I put forth re-imagined purposes to institutionalized reviews of research practices. Gilgun, Jane, University of Minnesota The Use of Theory in Grounded Theory Social Work Research Core ideas of grounded theory (GT) are that researchers avoid the imposition of theory on data and that theories earn their way into GT. Researchers are to enter the field with no theory in mind, but to allow theory to "emerge.' Constructivist critiques have shown the impossibility of emergence but they did not go far enough to show how theory can be used in GT research. This paper will show the various ways that theory can be used in GT research including the testing of a priori theory while still preserving the core ideas of GT. Gilgun, Jane, University of Minnesota A Theory of Change for Social Work Practice with Families and Children In this paper, I describe the development of a theory of change in long-term research on social services to children and their families. The research began with the assumption, that the quality of the service provider-service user relationship was a key factor in client change. Through interviews, observation, and

102

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

case record reviews, I found that relationships are associated with client change, but not necessary. What is necessary is clients' motivation and resources to make changes, sometimes outside of relationships with practitioners. This finding is an addition to the common factors model of services outcome. Gillen, Norman Kent, Texas A&M University at Corpus Christi Ethnodrama of a blue bird: A Latina scholar's experiences of public education in 1950-60's South Texas This study examines the practice of ethnodrama as a method for exploring the experiences of a Latina in public education in a South Texas rural setting during the 1950's and 1960's. Using tenets of Chicana feminist theory, the paper will focus and reflect on ways in which the participant actively resisted and overcame the inequitable conditions representative of an oppressive pedagogical and provincial environment on the road to achieving her goals. In addition to an illustration of findings regarding incidents from the participant's K-12 years, this study will also examine implications surrounding current thinking with regard to ethnodramatic composition, both as creative performance and a tool for social justice. Gilman, Deborah Buckberry, University of Illinois C-U Don't Toss `Em in the Trash; An Elementary School Unites in Caring In this era of high stakes testing, of national, state and district policies constricting democratic and experience based teaching and learning methods, where the public's faith in our schools is extremely low, the researcher writes of a school where the principal and teachers stand their ground, fighting for students who many teachers write off as "unteachable." Using performance ethnography, autoethnography and ethnodrama, Gilman shows how individuals in a North Carolina elementary school, unite in the face of strong adversity, to support their student's growth with deep caring to bring stability, joy and freedom from the oppressive situations these children face in their daily lives. Gilmore, Miranda, Alliant International University The Guide: A narrative inquiry of Kenyan and American Life The purpose of this narrative inquiry is to present the story of a family that has left Kenya and moved to Southern California. As the researcher, I have integrated my experiences into the plotline to create a context for the story. A narrative research framework is followed, using the guidelines set forth by Clandinin and Connelly (2000). Based on the idea that people organize experience and make it meaningful through stories, narrative inquiry examines personal experiences, family rituals and beliefs (Daly, 2007). A history of Kenya is presented, the theory and technique of narrative inquiry are laid forth, and a guide is created. This is a journey that will bring the reader to Kenya and back; noting the experiences of both a Kenyan couple and my own travels. It is our intention that the reader leave this writing with both a new knowledge of Kenya, Kenyan values, and the narrative inquiry process, as well as, he/she begins to ask how individual experience can inform larger research.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

103

Giorgio, Grace, UIUC Healing Traumas through Qualitative Research This paper explores how qualitative research can become a site for healing our traumas. By drawing a distinction between therapeutic practices such as psychotherapy and the reflective yet situated methods of qualitative research, this paper reveals qualitative research's efficacy to provide individual as well as social healing. I place particular focus on abusive relationships as a site of contemporary, critical qualitative inquiry. Qualitative research's numerous modes of inquiry_éåinterviews, participant-observation, autoethnography_éåbecome sites for story/truth telling(s), a narrative function equated with individual and social healing. By taking us into the multiple layers of lived experience and its varied vantage points, qualitative research expands our understanding of lived and shared traumas, revealing their multifold truths. I ultimately demonstrate how qualitative research's story/truth(s) telling can bring social change, while helping to heal those who speak. Girardi, Mariana Werlang, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina RESEARCHING THE RESEARCH: PRELIMINARY REPORTS ON A STUDY ON DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION IN BRAZIL See Oliveira, Walter Ferreira Girardi, Mariana Werlang, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina RESEARCHING THE RESEARCH: PRELIMINARY REPORTS ON A STUDY ON DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL See Oliveira, Walter Ferreira Gladstone, Brenda, University of Toronto "All in the Same Boat?": An Analysis of a Support Group for Children ExperiencingParental Mental Illness My doctoral work is rooted in Goffman's (1959) analyses of the reciprocal influence individuals have on one another in face-to-face encounters. I use this dramaturgical approach to cast a support group for children experiencing parental mental illness as a type of performance. From a critical dramaturgical perspective the participants are expected to conform to behavioural expectations of the setting, itself framed by broader arenas of interaction in which shared institutionalized meanings govern (often idealized) presentations of self. These meanings are represented in a program script that defines children's educational and support needs in particular ways. They constitute a discourse constructing how participants should think and feel about themselves, and others, and how they should act in response. I examine how these assumptions are made meaningful and consequential during interaction, to understand children's responses to efforts to help them better manage everyday life. Glasser, Michael, University of Illinois at Rockford Community Based Participatory Action Research: Promoting Inclusion and Well-Being among Indigenous Communities at the Colombian Amazon See Garces, Diana Marcela

104

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Glover, Troy Daniel, University of Waterloo Settlement Storytelling and the (re)Making of a Welcoming Community This presentation advances a community-based planning process appropriate for, and accessible to, newcomers, namely African Canadians who recently immigrated to Kitchener, a mid-sized city in Canada. Its objective is to understand and appreciate how these newcomers "read" their newfound urban landscapes. Accordingly, settlement stories told by newcomers themselves through the creative use of video footage, audio files, and photographs are used to consider the potential of storytelling as an effective way to engage newcomers, planners, policymakers, and the public in a dialogue that considers more deeply the perspectives of newcomers and their interactions with the urban landscape. Glueckauf, Robert, Florida State University African-American Alzheimer's Caregiving Training and Support See Kazmer, Michelle Godderis, Rebecca, Wilfrid Laurier University, Brantford Campus Brantford, 1918: A Study of Bioethics, Pandemic Influenza and Historical Research-Based Theater See Rossiter, Kate goel, koeli, uiuc caramelo y chocolate: brown/black caribbean women See Curbelo-DelValle, katia Golant, Mitch, Qualitative Inquiry as a Site of Political Empowerment and Performance: Experiences from Community Based Research See Specker Micco, Ellyn Golik, Sebastiana, Sim__n Rodr__guez La Sistematizaci__n de Experiencias como Ejercicio Cr__tico de la Praxis Docente A trav_s de una mirada metodol__gica cualitativa situada en un paradigma cr__tico y transformador se interpret__ a trav_s de un proceso de sistematizaci__n de experiencias y desde una reconstrucci__n, interrogaci__n y reflexi__n de las conversaciones con maestros infantiles, el lenguaje pedag__gico que _stos accionan en la formaci__n de la lectura y la escritura en la cotidianidad escolar de la infancia, el cual orienta la praxis imaginario pedag__gica que subyace en estos docentes y que se ha traducido en una pr_¯ctica alfabetizadora netamente estructuralista, sujeta a prescripciones y al uso de la palabra poder, en detrimento de un ejercicio dial__gico de saberes.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

105

Golik, Sebastiana, Sim__n Rodr__guez El Implicacionismo Simb__lico como Horizonte Reflexivo del Imaginario Simb__lico Infantil Desde el implicacionismo simb__lico como horizonte de sentido, se configuraron imaginarios simb__licos de ni_Òos y ni_Òas presentes en su lectura y escritura como experiencia cotidiana. Esta metodolog__a nos permiti__ dibujar un modo de interpretar este dialogo como comprensi__n del mundo, a trav_s de la conjugaci__n de contrarios como la vida-muerte, el bien mal y el amor profano divino. Lo anterior fue una manera de abrirme a la vida y mediar en la tradici__n cultural occidental en la que estoy inmersa para dar paso a una raz__n simb__lica, afectiva que dialog__ con la diferencia, los valores y afectos de la infancia. Gomez, Adriana, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Autonomia zapatista una propuesta descolonizante r El zapatismo ha sido muy estudiado. No obstante el analisis sobre aspectos ambientales es escaso. El objetivo es identificar los aportes de la autonomia zapatista a un proceso descolonizante respecto al medio ambiente. El trabajo se desarrolló en un Municipio Autonomo Zapatista (MAREZ) que esta en la Selva Lacandona. Se retoman planteamientos de la investigación participativa, que busca conducir a un cambio social. Los resultados muestran que para este MAREZ, el deterioro ambiental esta relacionado con las condiciones de desigualdad social, la sobreexplotación de recursos y los programas gubernamentales los cuales forman parte de una colonialidad que no ha terminado y que afecta los pueblos indigenas. Por lo tanto la autonomía conlleva exigencias sobre el medio ambiente. Principalmente el derecho a decidir sobre el territorio y sus recursos naturales además se replantean las relaciones con el estado y los investigadores. En conjunto se plantean cambios para descolonizarse. Gomez, Aitor, Universidad de Antioquia Community Based Participatory Action Research: Promoting Inclusion and Well-Being among Indigenous Communities at the Colombian Amazon See Garces, Diana Marcela González y González, Elsa, Texas A&M University Voices on Voice: Decisions to Engage Cross-Cultural and Cross-Language Research From the results of our recent studies (González y González & Lincoln, 2006; 2007), we are following to answer questions to help bridge gaps in cultural and linguistic understandings using decolonizing inquiry. Such questions include decisions in cross-cultural/cross-language research; challenges faced in the process of collecting data in the native language; concerns from the different actors in keeping original and authentic voices and indeed keeping the meaning of the results; and the role of the reader of those texts. Preliminary results display: putting yourself in the text ; the logic behind the "logic" in writing; impacting the way the text is written; expressing yourself as an author; the translator role; author loneliness; faculty/peer debriefer support; the publication saga; extremes

106

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

of experiences for graduate students -the two sides on the continuum-;and the "real" reader. Gonzalez, Luis Felipe, Santo Tomas The Transformative Power of Performative Poetic Texts: Contributions to the Understanding of Human Relations This paper explores the results of the research project: "The literary genres in social life: a performative exercise", especially in regard to the transformative power of the poetry, metaphor and the poetic self in the construction of everyday relationships. It also explores the infinite possibilities of performative poetic texts (built jointly) for understanding the current crisis in human relations. Finally, we reflect on the contributions of this research project for the methods of critical discourse analysis. The research project is a preliminary product of the relationship between the deconstructionist literary theory and social constructionism. Goodwin, Sheilia, Winston Salem State University Student Reflections on Working with Grandparent-Grandchild Families experience of issues of health care and human rights and provide additional resources for families. Through grandparenting programs, custodial grandparents are linked with necessary resources, thereby enhancing their quality of life. Provision of clinical learning experiences that best enhance student application of knowledge has historically challenged faculty. Yet meeting these challenges is vital in the development of successful practitioners. Student perceptions and evaluations of the opportunities and student attitudes and beliefs regarding the Grandparenting program were identified through reflective journaling. Further questions for research derive from this study: Are students able to make connections between course objectives and nontraditional experiences such as this? Do these types of nontraditional experiences better prepare students for the realities of a global community? Goodwin, Sheilia, Winston Salem State University Teaching as Performance: Learning as Performance Teaching (as) Performance: Learning (as) PerformanceThe art and science of nursing are depicted as two distinct fields of inquiry. As a nursing educator, I have felt conflicted with evaluating students on behavioral objectives (science) when I am also evaluating them on performance (art). Performance evaluation is part of a hidden curriculum (the curriculum of subtle socialization, teaching students how to think and feel like nurses). Teaching performance is hindered by the structure of the clinical setting and student learning performance is evaluated through "acts" of incomplete performance. Until we connect both the art and science of nursing, we will continue to have a hidden curriculum that is confusing for teaching (as) performance and learning (as) performance. Gordon, Tedi T., Athens State University The Authority of Science: Perspective, Persuasion, and Power This paper questions the "government" of the state directed research project in which the author was employed. As a team member charged to implement an adolescent literacy initiative, she struggled with issues of autocratic regulation,

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

107

teacher accountability, and the use of "research-based" practices that only seem to perpetuate social inequality in the name of student achievement. Examining her voice in this community, the author explores whether the "authority" of science serves to stimulate critical scrutiny and diverse methodological perspectives, or silence any dissent that would challenge the efficient and orderly conduct of the project. Gordon, Tedi Taylor, Athens State University "Do Unto Others": Design Methodology and Respecting the Role of Participants in Research In my experience working in schools across the state of Alabama, I have seen variety in the emphasis placed on educational institutions and the materiality within these structures. I would like to define this focus on the physicality of educational institutions as "educational materiality". My challenge is to explore this term through the perspectives of those that are schooled within rural places and to do so in a way that emphasizes the participant role in the process. This paper will address the design methodology as well as ensuing challenges of access, positionality, and trustworthiness of such a project. Gorman, Geraldine, University of Illinois at Chicago Forgiveness texts This session will be comprised of two texts dealing with the call to forgiveness. The first paper will pose the suggestion that forgiveness of the self and of the other is a necessary condition for peaceful closure to life. Other aspects of human forgiveness will also be explored, including the personal, societal and moral implications attendant to living in an increasingly technological and violent society. Gowen, Cindy, University of Bristol, UK Letters of Reconnection: Ideas on Narrative Conversations Regarding Loss and Grief This paper includes letters about re-membering conversations and the absent but implicit in addressing loss and grieving. This looks at ideas from Barbara Myerhoff, and Derrida as applied by Michael White in narrative therapy conversations maps. Can you miss someone you've never met? What are connections that sooth grief? Grandes, Gonzalo, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Participantes y Proceso de Cribado en la EIS See Calderon, Carlos Grandes, Gonzalo, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Pacientes con Depresion y Modelos de Asistencia See Calderon, Carlos Grandes, Gonzalo, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Researching Health Promotion in Primary Care See Calderon, Carlos

108

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Grant, Cosette M., Duquesne University Why Qualitative Research? Making Qualitative Research and the Analytical Process More A Public Standard The proliferation of qualitative methods in educational research has led to considerable controversy about standards for the design and conduct of research (Howe & Eisenhart, 1990, p. 2). Standards for assessing qualitative research has not been sufficiently addressed, especially questions concerning the analysis of such (Anfara, Brown & Mangione (2002). The heightened use of qualitative methods has spurred interest in developing formal standards for assessing the validity of qualitative research. Literature suggests that qualitative research needs to be more forthcoming in terms of research and analysis, which points to reasons why there are current validity issues in qualitative research (p.28). Using classical science, this paper addresses some strategies for bringing rigor and defensibility to qualitative research methods and analysis paradigm. Gray, Rebecca, University of New South Wales Collaborating with Front-line Health Workers in Qualitative Research: Impact in a Sensitive Area The National Centre in HIV Social Research (N.C.H.S.R.) Australia, commonly conducts research in the area of injecting drug use and sexual practice. This requires utilizing health settings to recruit participants for qualitative and quantitative studies. The N.C.H.S.R. is committed to informing current health practice, and research findings are usually feedback to front-line workers. However, these presentations have been formal and undertaken at the conclusion of a study. The plan for this project included a collaborative research approach which sought to engage front-line workers at the outset of the project. This paper reports on the response of front-line workers to the collaborative approach and the benefits of this on the research process. The paper also outlines the very valuable contribution of front-line staff in research and acknowledges the contribution they make to ensuring that research is adequately conceptualized and outcomes are well linked to practical interventions. Greene, Jennifer C, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Advancing the Borders of Mixed Methods Inquiry The development of a methodology for inquiry into human affairs requires consideration of four interlocking, but nonetheless conceptually distinct domains _éç philosophy, methodology, practice, and values. Each domain contains a set of issues that are relevant and important to the practice of social inquiry. Collectively, the domains present a justificatory framework and a set of practical guidelines for a given approach to social inquiry. Building on an assessment of the mixed methods field's progress in these four domains (Greene, 2006), this presentation foregrounds exciting new developments by exciting young scholars. Greenlaw, Jim, University of Ontario Institute of Technology Becoming Writers See Norris, Joe

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

109

Gregg, Godfrey, Adelphi University Keeping and crossing boundaries: Negotiating identities in qualitative research See Quiros, Laura Grenier, Robin, University of Connecticut Unpacking our Bags in Qualitative Classes Students come to a qualitative research course with a lot of baggage that often needs unpacking or left behind in order for new learning to occur. In order for students to be successful consumers and conductors of qualitative inquiry they must be willing to explore the assumptions they hold about what constitutes quality research. Those responsible for teaching qualitative methods courses need to be aware of the bias, prior experiences, and influences that can inhibit student learning. With this awareness learning strategies can be employed that support and challenge students to grow as scholars. Griddine, Ke'Shana, Indiana State University High Achieving African American male high schol students' perceptions of mattering at school See Tucker, Catherine Grossman, Amy, Grand Valley State University Autoethnographic Reflections: Understanding the Self to Work More Effectively with the Other See Mulder, Cray Grube, Vicky, Appalachian State University Graphic Narrative as postmodern ethnography After my father died last summer I began writing and drawing a graphic novel with my father as the subject. To best make sense of his life, my research fell to uncovering old letters, photographs, conducting interviews, and using notes and drawings from my personal journals. I found this art process a cathartic experience and resounding of qualitative research. The image allowed an intimate connection with my father and as a visual form allowed me to express what could not be made with only words. This paper will explore an aesthetic way of knowing that underlines the relationship between the subject and the object emanating from the conscious and the unconscious memory. This graphic narrative is presented as a non-linear, layered narrative- a kind of visual "mystory" connecting opposing beliefs of contemporary culture with my personal biography. Grube, Vicky, Appalachian State University Drawn and Quartered:Reflections on Violence in Youth's Art Making The prevalence by youth to delight in the integration of extreme violence in the image, text and composition of their drawings and narratives caused the researcher/teacher to have a closer look. The violent drawings and narratives had strong ties to the media. Though at first repellant to the researcher/teacher, after reflecting on issues such as the sources of violence, adults' image of youth, youths' manipulation of media as collage, and the power of the ribald and the vulgar to parody mainstream culture, the violence in the art making offers valu-

110

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

able risky, interactive, and diverse ways of knowing. Facilitating the young artists' exploration of the violent narrative is an avenue to the authentic. Guerra, Jose Alfredo P_¯dua, PONTOS INSTIGANTES ACERCA DA PESQUISA QUALITATIVA See Souza, Tatiana Machiavelli Carmo Guillen, Yelitza, Simon Rodriguez University Estudio interpretativo del mobbing laboral en Ven Esta investigacion tuvo como objetivo estudiar el Mobbing laboral en Venezuela sindrome de psicoterror laboral asumido como conducta no deseada que tiene como prop__sito o consecuencia atentar contra la dignidad de la persona y crear un ambiente intimidatorio humillante y ofensivo Metodol__gicamente se apoya en una episteme hermeneutica un analisis cualitativo y el estudio de casos por ser el punto de partida para comprender una experiencia vivida sirviendo de base para la construccion de categor__as a partir de hallazgos empiricos y teoricos Para la recolecci__n e interpretaci__n de la informacion se utilizo la entrevista a profundidad. Gurevic, Estela, Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires Convivir con otros Una experiencia intercultural See Taborda, Mirtha Gursel, Oguz, Anadolu University Educators' Views About Evaluation Of Mental Disability Students' Success Who Included In Primary Education See Guven, Didem Guta, Hala, Ohio University The Native Outsider: The Dilemma of Researching in `Own' Cultural Setting As many scholars have asserted, reflexivity is an inherited part of qualitative research; doing qualitative research is by nature a reflective process. The meaning construction in qualitative research can be understood by looking through the individual context of the researcher as well as the social context of the research. This paper tries to address the question articulated by Karin Narayan (1993) on how native is a "native ethnographer?" In this paper I address the complexity of doing indigenous research in post-conflict setting, the dilemma of insider/outsider researcher, the complexity of labeling the researcher as an "insider", as well as the process of interpretation and meaning construction from the part of the researcher. Guven, Didem, Anadolu University Educators' Views About Evaluation Of Mental Disability Students' Success Who Included In Primary Education The aim of this research is to determine the opinions of teachers of inclusive classes about instructional adaptations in mathematics for students with intellectual disabilities in 4th-5th. grades. This research was carried out based on the opinions of the teachers of primary school inclusive in 2008-2009. The screen-

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

111

ing model was used and 26 inclusive class teachers were interviewed.Data of research were collected by using semi-structured interview technique which is a qualitative data collection method. In analyzing the interview data, descriptive analysis technique was employed; qualitative data were transformed into quantitative data and frequency calculation was done. According to the results of the research, it is observed that teachers make limited instructional adaptations and modifications of mathematics, regarding the individual differences and learning performances of students. They make some adaptations and modifications instructional environment and on assessment. Habashi, Janette, University of Oklahoma-Tulsa Living in jail but not my soul: Palestinian children's journaling project This paper draws from the "Palestinian children journaling project," which started in 2006 with 18 children participating from refugee camps, villages and cities in the West Bank. The initial group ranged in age from 10-15 years. In 2007 and 2008, 5 more children joined the project. Each child writes up his or her thoughts about social and political life in their community. Participants are encouraged to write reflections about everyday living, their personal critique of adults' perspectives. Each child is encouraged to write weekly entries chronically. The journal expression of the participants varies in form, including narrating the events in storytelling, others comprehensive narrative, drawing, and free style poetry. The writing of children employed symbolism and metaphor, as well as journalistic expression. The paper discusses the use of child journals as qualitative method and discusses challenges and contributions of this on-going project in the West Bank. Hack-Ritzo, Samantha, University of Illinois at Urbana-Chamapaign Am I Talking to Myself?: Video Diary of a First Year Teacher It is often recognized that the first year of teaching is the most difficult, yet research has found that educators' experiences during their first year of teaching have a lasting impact on their job satisfaction and teaching effectiveness (Hebert & Worthy, 2002). This multimedia presentation follows a social work PhD student during her first semester as a teacher. Using footage of video diary entries, classroom teaching, and a teaching supervision discussion group, the author documents the ups and downs of her experiences and reflections as a developing social work educator. Hall, Jori, University of Georgia Engaging Values in a Multicultural Evaluation Context See Freeman, Melissa Hall, Jori N., University of Georgia A Pragmatic Stance for Mixed Methods Inquiry Yvonna Lincoln (2009) argues that "the pragmatism claimed for some mixedmethods theorists rests at the enacted level only." In response, this paper considers a pragmatic stance for mixed methods research that does not eschew philosophical traditions but instead places philosophical assumptions and multiple perspectives in service of the inquiry problem at hand. Specifically, this paper discusses the epistemological and methodological flexibility of pragmatism;

112

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

issues related to the thoughtful integration of methods and the paradigmatic assumptions being used when making use of the pragmatic stance; and the continued popularity of pragmatism as captured in mixed methods social inquiry. Halldorsdottir, Tanya Maria, University of Manchester Whose Story Is It Anyway? In narrative inquiry stories are viewed as central to understanding self and identity, and we constantly interrogate stories to see what they reveal of the lives of others, but how often do we actively engage storytellers in reflection on their own stories and their (re)telling of them? This paper explores my attempts to give stories `back' to the women with whom I work in Yemen by encouraging them to reflect on the stories they have told, the audiences they have told them to and alternative ways in which those stories could have been constructed and understood. Halley, Jean, Genealogy in Motion: A Tale of Two Families, One Horse and a Wire In this presentation, I briefly juxtapose the mundane moments of life with two other time experiences. One is the larger sweep of time expressed in a genealogy or a multi-generational family story, and the other is the time-out-of-time experience of trauma. The genealogy pretends to offer an explanation, to locate a beginning to my family's story of violence. In this fantasy, finding the beginning would free my family from our story, from our sadness, from what looks, in looking back, like fate. Of course, it is impossible to know how anything, really, started. Moving back, through the story time tells, one always finds oneself stumbling further and further away, moment by moment into more and more distant beginnings, beginnings that are someone else's endings. Hallmark, Elizabeth, University of Rochester Expanding Collaborative Communities and Arts Participation Solutions to a mounting list of global problems may well start in schools. What is the relationship of school curriculum to community orientation? Qualitative awareness and empathic social curriculum are alive in a primary school based on arts integrated curriculum development. This qualitative study of an Expeditionary Learning school examines the role of expanded forms of arts participation in cultivating relationships, collaboration, and compassion among school members. This research discusses how decisions about structural and philosophical components of school design can be a means of fostering collaborative learning and strong community orientation within and beyond schools. Hamer, Joseph , Duquesne University Answers Before Questions: A Genealogy of "Tribal Violence" My project is to undertake a Foucauldian discourse analysis of Western representations of tribal violence, specifically but not limited to the ways in which the post-election violence in Kenya (2007-2008) has been portrayed by the U.S. government and media. As a part of a larger research project that explores the conditions of civil unrest, the stakes of elections, and the everyday intertribal relations in Kenya, I begin reflexively with an examination of the construction of the problem, which is what I will present here. I seek to show how such

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

113

violent conflicts are naturalized in a way that reinforces some of the central power dynamics at play in what becomes seen as primordial problems of Africa, bespeaking underdevelopment and poor governance. Because power implies resistance, I will also provide examples of subjugated knowledge, particularly political cartoons and post-colonial Kenyan literature, that serve to contest the dominant Western discourse, which equates liberal democracy (and transnational capitalism) with peace. In so doing I hope to open up new ways of conceiving of violence, currently (mis)taken as "tribal." Hamilton, Alison, UCLA Putting Coding in Its Proper Place: Making Informed Choices About the Role of and Place for Coding in Qualitative Analysis See Maietta, Raymond C. Haney, Kim, University of Oklahoma Multiple Perspectives of Restorative Peace-Making in a Third-Grade Classroom Globalization and standardized threaten to eradicate local educational cultures, but classroom community growth counteracts this trend. It evolves through regular group dialogue sessions wherein each student comes to see part of her/himself within the emergent community. When infractions occur, peace-making circles, based on restorative rather than retributive discipline, can sustain cohesion, not engender alienation. All students, the teacher, and offender/ victim supporters speak to the breach, the wrongdoer takes responsibility, and the participants determine what restorative actions s/he can take to make things "right." From all members' perspectives, our narrative case study examines community building and restorative circles in one third-grade classroom over a fourmonth period. Hanley-Maxwell, Cheryl, University of Wisconsin-Madison The Cultural Influence on Inclusive Education in the Republic of Korea See Kim, Minyoung Hanoman Mata, Jacqueline Del Valle, Ball State University Interweaving Proximities and Distances: My critical re-imagination from abroad As a researcher, how does my critical subjectivity influence my construction of emotional, political and geographical proximities with regard to my subjects and contexts of study? In this paper, I examine the intersectionalities of my emotional, political and geographical proximities and distances as a Venezuelan - Guyanese participant researcher, as I analyze the adult education missions within the framework of the Bolivarian Revolution in Venezuela, a revolutionary process I have lived through since its beginning. And I do this from a geographical distance, as I live abroad, in the US, while simultaneously in symbolic interaction with the adult learners and educational processes in Venezuela. Through this examination, I reflect upon myself as researcher and as subject emotionally involved in the evolving sociopolitical context of my country, as I re-conceptualize the issues I am studying, from within and outside of my contexts of study.

114

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Hara, May, University of Wisconsin, Madison Conceptualizing and Embodying Social Justice in Education Research See Trainor, Audrey A. Hardcastle, John, Institute of Education, University of London Democratic Optimism and Professional Autonomy: Teacher-led Innovation in Three London Schools, 1945-65 (8) Existing histories of post-war English teaching in the UK draw their evidence from publications and not at all from classrooms. Taking a radically different approach, we are conducting case studies of three post-war London schools. Using interviews with surviving teachers and pupils together with the study of documents, textbooks, photographs and films (including student's own work) we aim to construct a rich, densely textured, multi-layered picture of what went on. Further, we aim to connect major instances of teacher-led innovation to wider socio-cultural change. This paper focuses on theoretical and conceptual issues involved in combining various kinds of data. (100) Hardcastle, John, Institute of Education, University of London Decolonising Memory: The Continuing Relevance of Vygotsky's Ideas about Fantasy and Imagination Vygotsky claimed that children do not outgrow fantasy. Rather, he argues, features that are typical of a child's fantasies are transformed when abstract thinking begins to penetrate them. This paper tells the story of how a poem came to be written by a Black student in a London classroom. Telling the story involves reconstructing events that occurred over five years. My analysis focuses on the role of certain textbook illustrations in the reconfiguration of a childhood memory of the Caribbean. The history of these illustrations is traced in relation to representations of plantation slavery. Harhold, Casey, Eastern Michigan University Using Photovoice to Understand Inclusion and Disability in Schools This project examined the varying viewpoints of inclusion for students with disabilities in general education classrooms, through the creation of narrative photographs produced by professionals in a special education student's life, including general educator, special educator, related service providers, and principal. Participants took photographs that represented their perspective of inclusion in public school settings, answering the question, "What does inclusion mean to you?" In addition, they wrote narrative descriptions of their perspectives. Photographs and narratives were analyzed, with an eye toward understanding the differences and similarities between the roles assumed by different educators. The impact of positive and negative attitudes on the effective implementation of inclusive classrooms was explored, and dual general and special education systems was noted. Implications for classroom teachers, school change initiatives, and teacher education are discussed.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

115

Harris, Anne, Victoria Race, Refugeity and (homo) sexualities: the Power of Difference This paper will highlight the intersections between race, gender, class and sexualities in exclusionary classroom practice, and ways forward through engagement with notions of refugeity and our shared experiences of otherness. I examine marginalization as a power position and outsider status as a form of fugitive knowledge which can positively influence teacher and student practices in a shared pedagogy for social change. Through the work of hooks, Clifford, Giroux and Lewin and Leap (among others), I find commonalities in the struggle toward an anti-oppressive education which is not fragmented but rather united in methodological, theoretical, artistic and activist perspectives Harris, Anne, Victoria University Race, Refugeity and (Homo)Sexualities: the Power o This performative auto/ethnography will highlight intersections between race, class, gender and sexualities in exclusionary classroom practices, and ways forward through engagement with notions of refugeity and our shared experiences of otherness. We examine marginalization as a power position and outsider status as a fugitive knowledge which can positively influence teacher and student practices in a shared pedagogy for social change. Through the work of hooks, Clifford, Giroux and Lewin and Leap (among others), we find commonalities in the struggle toward an anti-oppressive education which is not fragmented but rather united in methodological, theoretical, artistic and activist perspectives. Hartmann, Sara, Eastern Univ; IJME Panelists See Chang, Heewon Hebblethwaite, Shannon, Concordia University, Montreal, QC Making methods meaningful: Experiential learning in an undergraduate qualitative research methods course Evidence suggests that opportunities for experiential learning can facilitate both learning and student engagement. Frequently, such experiential learning has been used in applied fields where students are given the opportunity to practice applied skills that would enhance their abilities as practitioners e.g., teachers, health care professionals. This research extends the application of experiential learning to the teaching of research methods and examines the use of an experiential learning activity in an undergraduate qualitative research methods course at a Canadian university. A single passage of data was presented to the students in multiple forms, including a written poem, a song, and a documentary film. Through these varied exposures to the same words, students analyzed the data in each of the three forms and then completed a personal reflection of their experience. This learning activity enhanced students' understanding of researcher reflexivity and the influence of context on the process of data analysis.

116

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Hein, Serge F., Virginia Tech Avoiding Binary Thinking in Qualitative Inquiry: Thinking Relation as the "At the Same Time" Because binary opposites are often viewed as self-evident and natural, they restrict thought in important ways. Many qualitative researchers therefore try to think with as little dichotomy as possible. For Derrida, there can be no separation between both poles of an opposition but, equally important, there can be no coincidence. Diff_rance produces all binaries. It marks the separation and the relation to that which is entirely other. Thus, Derrida asks us to think the entirely other "at the same time" as the same. What might it mean for us as qualitative researchers to think relation in this radical, nonmetaphysical way? Heiskanen, Benita, University of Southern Denmark Borderline Violence This presentation discusses my research on the experiences and representations of violence on the El Paso-Ciudad Juarez border region. My focus is on what Slavoj Zizek labels "systemic violence," the subtle forms of coercion that sustain "relations of domination and exploitation, including the threat of violence." Because systemic violence is typically without an identifiable agent, it is faceless and anonymous; without a perpetrator, it becomes unspeakable and silenced. Yet, its impact is tangible and real. I will contemplate the ramifications of such "borderline violence" on academic knowledge formation: the sources resorted to, the questions posed, and the ethics of the research process. I will then consider the real-life experiences in relation to the representations of violence in various cultural expressions, sites where the silence is broken, the faceless become faced, and the nameless are named. But ultimately, solutions to this community in crisis are few and far between. Hellmann, Fernando, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina A utiliza_·_úo do __leo essencial de Citrus sinensis nos estados de humor e ansiedade dos nadadores da equipe da Unisul See Rotta, Tatiana Marcela Henao, Silvia, Universidad de Antioquia Representaciones Sociales del consumo de drogas Se identifican las representaciones sociales del consumo de drogas y las intervenciones en un contexto universitario local recuperando las voces de las comunidades de sentido coexistentes en este escenario para la adecuaci__n de la pol__tica de intervenci__n universitaria orientada hacia la prevenci__n. El estudio se fundamento en el modelo te__rico de las representaciones sociales con enfoque del interaccionismo simb__lico con la etnograf__a interpretativa y an_¯lisis textual hermen_utico como componentes metodol__gicos. Se realizo entrevista voluntaria individual y grupal. La educaci__n debe considerarse como el eje fundamental de la pol__tica de intervenci__n sobre el consumo de drogas en la universidad

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

117

Henao, Silvia, Universidad de Antioquia Impacto de la reforma sanitaria en el acto medico Se percibe el impacto de la reforma Sanitaria en el acto medico en Medellin Colombia. para comprender los significados que sobre ella han construido algunos actores del sistema de salud. Se utilizo la etnograf__a como m_todo de investigaci__n adecuado para el conocimiento de la conducta m_dica se empleo entrevista semiestructurada voluntaria a Magistrados de Tribunales Administrativo de Antioquia Presidentes de Asociaciones Medicas y Gremiales y Abogados Litigantes. Se analizaron sus efectos positivos y negativos propuestas de modificaci__n, adecuaci__n y sustituci__n. Se evidenciaron principalmente efectos negativos de tipo pol__tico-administrativo financiero y profesional Henhawk, Daniel, University of Waterloo Aboriginal Participation in Sport: Critical Issues of Race, Culture and Power, University of Waterloo This presentation will discuss the qualitative examination of my lived experiences and the lived experiences of my immediate (Aboriginal) family in sport. Using Critical Race Theory as my guiding theoretical framework, this research project answers Denzin's (2003) call to advance "a radical performative social science" that "confront[s] and transcend[s] the problems surrounding the colour line in the 21st century" (p.5). As such, the purpose of this project was to critically explore issues of race, culture and power within the lived sport experiences of my Aboriginal family. To unpack the tensions associated with being an Aboriginal person living in modern Canadian society, I sought to create a performance text, a specific form of creative analytic practice consistent with performance ethnography and autoethnography. Daniel A. Henhawk, Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Waterloo. Hensley, Brandon, Eastern Illinois University Constructing Postmodern Bodies: Performative Embodiment and Hegemonic Masculinity in Gym Subculture Drawing upon existing literature in fitness and postmodern selfhood, bodybuilding subculture, embodied performance and (re)construction of hegemonic masculinity, this `exercise' in self-reflexive narrative seeks to contribute to the qualitative dialogue regarding the postmodern performance of (un)healthy embodiment through working out, along with the pleasures, pressures, meanings, and implications that come with it. Examining the author's performance as (in)secure bodybuilder, this autoethnographic account aims to render the lived experience of constructing a muscular body from bullying and abuse, as well as critique the maintenance of a `fit' and `strong' appearing body as it reifies notions of hegemonic hypermasculinity in Western culture. Hernandez-Martinez, Neftali, Genero, etnia y derechos politicos en Oaxaca, Mex See Vazquez-Garcia, Veronica

118

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Hernandez, Maria-Elisa, Simon Bolivar Looking at the World from a Wheelchair This presentation is part of a research on senses of everyday space from the perspective of people who use wheelchairs. The participants were asked to take pictures of significant spatial configurations and bring them to discussion groups. Rehearsing an interpretive analysis of those commented images we approach to some forms in which spaces of coexistence are signified. Herndon, Amber, University of South Florida Gossamer Threads: Performing Nostalgia as Personal Agency See Dykins Callahan, Sara B. Herold, kate, University of Illinois at Chicago Forgiveness texts See Gorman, Geraldine Herrera Ochoa, Oscar Javier, Distrital ANALISIS PROSPECTIVO ESTRUCTURAL DE LAS EMPRESAS El prop__sito del presente art__culo es determinar mediante la aplicaci__n del an_¯lisis estructural prospectivo las variables incidentes que determinan el desarrollo eficiente de la cadena de transporte de carga, para lo cual se presentan los referentes conceptuales y metodol__gicos, la identificaci__n de las variables claves relacionadas con el sector establecidas a partir de la revisi__n documental adelantada por el grupo de investigaci__n Ingenio Induspymes de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, localizaci__n de las relaciones entre variables en la matriz de an_¯lisis estructural, la identificaci__n de variables decisorias, conflicto, aut__nomas y de resultados por medio de los planos de modicidad y dependencia, definici__n de estrategias y la definici__n de las respectivas conclusiones de este enfoque al desarrollo eficiente de empresas Pymes del sector de carga seca en Bogot_¯. Herrmann, Andrew, University of Missouri Confessions of a Disgruntled Ethnographer: Fear and Loathing in Academe The following is a disjunctive narrative that explores selfhood as the author moves between various identities - conference attendee, narrative ethnographer, doctoral student, interviewer, job hunter, mentor, participant, researcher - while examining the discourses surrounding the academy during the International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry in 2006. Hessee, Gregory, University of Colorado Denver Literacy Coaches' Roles in an Urban District Though coaching has been a component of training programs in education since the late 1980s, researched-based evaluations of coaching programs are still rare, especially at the secondary level. In a recent meta-analysis of dissertations written on the subject of literacy coaching, Shanklin, Zucker, and Hessee (2009) recognized a wide variety of approaches to implementing coaching programs, but few clear connections between duties and effects. This multiple case study

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

119

looks at the specific roles that ten facilitators play at high schools in a metropolitan school district through a series of interviews. Hicks, Manda, Bowling Green State University "What's it like to be a Female Soldier?" Narrative, Experience, and Articulation as Theory Manda V Hicks, Bowling Green State University This oral interpretation of female soldiers' experiences introduces an interpretive project on gender and the military. The reflexive performance uses data from interviews with four active-duty female soldiers to explore their unique experiences during Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom, and also to reflect on my own experiences as a female sergeant in the U.S. Army. This performance is made up of excerpts from interviews, as well as prose poetry created from the process of conducting qualitative research in general and the process of transcription and interpretation in particular. Through this program I use fragments from my own military service to build a narrative of the self and weave this perspective together with the experiences of other female soldiers. Hidalgo, Marco A., Howard Brown Health Center; DePaul Univ. "I Don't Want to Compare Races, but": Recommendations for HIV Prevention from HIV-positive YMSM Ethnic minority gay/bisexual/questioning young men and other young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are highly susceptible to HIV infection and constitute the most disproportionate rates of annual HIV incidence among people under 25 (CDC, 2007). Despite the prevalence of HIV infection among this subgroup of adolescents, HIV-positive YMSM have not been engaged in primary prevention research or behavioral intervention development targeting YMSM. Using a semi-inductive phenomenological approach (Wilson et al., In press) we explored the circumstances of HIV infection among a multiethnic sample of 21 HIV-positive YMSM (18-24). Our discussion will highlight emergent themes from this narrative body regarding recommendations for cross-cultural and racial/ethnic specific HIV-prevention research and intervention among YMSM. Specifically, how their experiences of race/ethnicity- and sexual identity/behavior-based stigmatization related to both their pre-infection risk and protective behaviors. Hildebrandt, Eugenie F, UWisconsin-Milwaukee Relinquishing Welfare (TANF) to Be a Good Mother See Keigher, Sharon M Hilgendorf, Amy, University of Wisconsin-Madison Examining the Power of Counter-Story: Critical Race Theory and Group Interviews in a Study of Teachers' Perceptions of African American Families Educational research shows that teacher perceptions of students is significant for students' school experiences and success. Additionally, teachers' beliefs about families influence the quality of home-school collaboration and its impact. Understanding the factors that influence teacher perceptions may be particularly important in diverse schools where the backgrounds of teachers, students and families can be quite different. To critically examine the teacher-to-teacher inter-

120

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

personal processes that contribute to teacher perceptions of families, this project employs critical race theory and qualitative group interviews in two schools with high concentrations of African American families. As teachers of diverse backgrounds and experiences presented counter-stories to the dominant stories of the group, opportunities arose to analyze the power of counter-story to revise teacher perceptions. Study findings have significant implications for addressing problematic teacher perceptions. Hilgendorf, Amy, University of Wisconsin, Madison Conceptualizing and Embodying Social Justice in Education Research See Trainor, Audrey A. Hill, Dominique C, UIUC Why you Tryna Silence Her Body?: The Role of Education in Shaping the Black Female Body Writing began and continues to be a space of ownership where I define, refine, deconstruct, analyze, and become. Specifically, poetry is the tongue and instinctive expression of my thoughts, feelings, and analyses_éåit is my native voice. Therefore, my expressions, questions, challenges and responses to social inequities emerge in the form of poetry. Yet, poetry often faces trial as a legitimate form of expression, analysis, and vessel for critiquing structural inequities. Drawing on the works of black feminist and feminist of color, I offer poetry as a performative queering of naming and evaluating the presence of racism, sexism, and heteropatriarchy in the formal education process. Offering poetry as a site for knowledge production and way of "talking back" to standards of analysis and `frontin out' ideologies that mark, confine, sculpt, and appraise, in this case, black female bodies. Hilton, Krista, Georgia State University Deleuze is my Muse In this paper I explore my travels from one end of the spectrum as a lifelong student within the confines of American education, to finding myself in the proverbial arms of Deleuze. His words create tension in my personal and professional life. I find myself spending a great deal of time reflecting on my life in black holes, and often wishing on lines of flight. This recent intellectual affair with Deleuze permeates my life. I can't help but say that I hope it continues for years to come Hilton, Timothy Patrick, Northern Michigan University Homeless in God's Country: Coping Mechanisms of Homeless Adults in Michigan's Upper Peninsula This research presents findings of a qualitative study of homelessness in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. The researchers interviewed 60 homeless adults using a semi structured interview schedule. Data were collected on homeless adults' efforts to secure shelter, food, clothing, transportation, health care and other services. Data suggest many homeless adults experience severe deprivation due to limited services, the expansive geography of the area and limited public transportation, and harsh climate. Contrary to previous studies of homelessness, interviewees tend to have ongoing relationships with family and friends.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

121

However, family members and friends are often unable to offer stable assistance because they are struggling themselves. Examining rural homelessness from an ecological perspective reveals that social networks, community resources, social policies, and cultural norms and beliefs are important to understanding coping success. Policy and program implications are discussed. Hocker, Stephen, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign In the Shadow of 9/11: Terrorism, Domestic Surveillance and Transgender Resistance This essay documents the emergence of an expanding post 9/11 surveillance apparatus in the US, and analyzes its impact on transgendered citizens. In particular, I examine the "Real ID Act", a law that reconfigures standards for identification documents, establishes the collection and maintenance of a new national database used to scrutinize and limit travel both within and across US borders. These new measures not only unfairly target transgender populations, but create new categories of suspicion that have little to do with "terrorism." Drawing on extensive fieldwork, literature and websites from transgender organizations, this paper documents and analyzes the tactics and strategies engaged in by mainstream Transgender advocacy organizations. I maintain that nationalism and citizenship have been silent organizing principles defining the transgender movement in particular and identity movements in general. These principles constrain the range of transgender resistance, and protect only a very narrow, mainstream trans populations. Hodkinson , Alan, For Pity's Sake: Comparative Conceptions of Inclusion in England and India This paper critiques transnational aspects of `inclusion'. It compares Indian and English usages and attitudes and notes the impossibility of any `authentic' translation, given different cultural contexts and histories. Accordingly, the authors undertake a more genealogical and `forensic' examination of values associated with `inclusion', focussing especially on notions of `pity'. The Eurocentric tradition is traced from its Platonic origins through what is claimed to be the `industrialization of pity' and its rejection as a virtue in favour of apparently more egalitarian measures of fairness. The Indian tradition relates rather to religious traditions across a number of different belief systems, most of which centre on some version of a karmic notion of pity. Holding, Cory Spice, UIUC The Chargeling Narrative autoethnographic portrait depicting the author's first several interactions with a family member, who returns hardened from his military stint--if cast. By following Dig though some now changed quotidian routines_éåand what seems to become his search for meaning after the military (and the narrator's search for meaning in that)_éåthis essay explores challenges to re-assimilation into civilian life, as well as family dynamics for one rural Pennsylvanian recruit who, along with his family, becomes semper fideles to the core.

122

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Hole, Rachelle D., University of British Columbia Okanagan Opening Spaces for Dialogue: Methodological Implications of Appreciative Inquiry See Roberts, Earllene K. Holguin, Claudia, U Illinois Urbana-Champaign Nomadism: Awareness of Multiple Voices and Connections in Ethnographic Research This presentation discusses a feminist nomadic perspective (see Braidotti 1994) or what Deleuze has called "deterritorialization," a nomad of ideas as a political form of intervention that acts simultaneously at the discursive and the material registers of subjectivity. Interdisciplinarity becomes a necessary methodological mode that takes into account a mixture of voices. This does not only include qualitative vs. quantitative methodologies, but also the academic language such as current different theoretical perspectives within the social sciences, latest technological techniques in linguistic phonology, in contrast to the researcher's own subjectivity and interpretations expressed in a more lyrical language as a way to counteract asymmetrical relationships created by the established academic style. The use of all of these voices would then provide a broader and richer perspective in ethnographic research that would speak in different languages, moving across different registers. Holmes, Rachel, Manchester Metropolitan University Touching Objects The paper explores the significance of touch in young children's relations with objects. For many, the pleasure of certain special objects is specifically haptic _éç associated with intimate contact at the skin's surface. We explore the charms and consolations that touching objects offers children, comparing this to the frisson of contact with religious relics. We contrast the affective force of children's `charmed' objects with the pedagogically sanctioned but affectively neutral objects that children are allowed to handle in class, describe some strategies used in schools to contain the anxiety of touch, and some counter-tactics by children. Holmes, Rachel, Manchester Metropolitan University Liminal Objects The slash between home and school (home/school) is a site of promise and anxiety. We approach home-school relations via the objects brought by children (age 4-5) from home. Such objects are often confiscated, ostensibly to prevent distraction or bullying, but also because they seem to `contaminate' the classroom. Yet these liminal objects may have other resonances for children _éç desire, identity, comfort, escape, the pleasures of collecting, control over one's life. Through a focus on the interrupted traverse of objects, we aim to complicate the binary antagonisms of home and school, and the violence of the transition facing children.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

123

Holmes, Rachel, Manchester Metropolitan University The Discipline of Objects We examine the ways in which objects are incorporated into, and excluded from, the discursive economy of early years education. We look at how objects are recruited to disciplinary work through categorization. `Bad' objects are held to encourage negative sociality or identity (eg competition, theft, gender stereotypes), or to obstruct pedagogy (eg through distraction), or to offend against innocence or nature (age-inappropriate objects; electronic games). `Good' objects are recruitable to pedagogic projects and support prevailing constructions of the young child. We discuss these issues with data from a recent ethnographic project. Hoskins, Marie, University of Victoria Children and Armed Conflict Interpretive methodologies offer the promise of improved conditions for those struggling with various challenges both locally and internationally. As researchers and practitioners we are committed to understanding how it is we can thoughtfully intervene in international contexts and how our theories can shed light on certain phenomenon. In particular we are interested in issues related to children in armed combat. In our current research project we are paying attention to the processes of moral weighting that those in positions of power and influence engaged in when intervening in various domains. Hoskins, Marie, University of Victoria Exploring "Relational Being" with Ken Gergen This session will explore the implications and potentials of Ken Gergen's new book, "Relational Being, Beyond Self and Community." This book develops an entirely new landscape for understanding human activity, one that places its origins neither within individual psychology, nor within the communities of which one is a part. Rather, the focus is on relational process, and its origination of all that we take to be real, rational, and good. Dispensing with conceptions of causality, agency, and the neural basis of behavior, among others, Gergen explores the multi-potentials of persons in relationship, and as well, the origins of moral and political conflict. These views are linked to myriad practices, in research, education, therapy, and more. Qualitative research is focal to this discussion. Gergen will introduce the work, after which panel members will contribute insights, opinions, and visions of possible futures. Howard, Martha, Tennessee Technological University Addressing Challenging Behavior: A Portrait of the Effective Preschool Teacher Portaiture, a methodology designed to document goodness, was used in this research to co-construct the story of preschool teachers who have been deemed effective when interacting with young children who exhibit challenging behaviors. The stories told by 6 participants and in-depth researcher involvement frame the defining moments that paint the portrait of individual life and career experiences. Portraiture pioneer Sara Lawrence-Lightfoot's work, The Good High School, was inspiration for this journey.

124

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Hsiung, Ping-Chun, University of Toronto, Scarborough The Politics of Research Ethics: Challenges of Doing Fieldwork in China This paper examines politics of doing fieldwork in China. It challenges an individual-based approach to research ethics. Calling upon reports of fieldwork experiences in China over the last decades, I develop an institutional-based conceptual framework that takes into consideration the interconnected social, political, cultural relationships that researchers must negotiate and re-negotiate throughout their ethnographic work. I compare and contrast the differences and similarities between the individual- and institutional-based frameworks. I conclude the paper by discussing the theoretical and practical implications of such differences and similarities. Hudson, Kimberly Dree, University of Washington Racially Queer Femme: Decolonizing Reflexivity at the Intersections of "Passing" Using autoethnography in the form of an evocative personal narrative, I investigate the experience of multiple, intersecting, and simultaneous racial, gendered, and sexually oriented "passings" and passages. The practice of decolonizing reflexivity calls for a reconsideration of the meaning of being an "insider", calling for a movement from situated positionalities in stable identity categories to considering intersectional fluidity in context, body, and politic. This project introduces the possibility of stable alterity-- a permanent yet fluid "otherness". Looking within and across multiple dimensions, this project offers an investigation of some of the push-pull effects on group membership and collective identity due to being positioned under the gaze of (all) others. Implications for the practice of reflexivity, including responsive and responsible ways of locating shifting stories of self, in qualitative research are drawn. Huergo, Juliana, Universidad Nacional de C__rdoba, Argentina Social cartography: collective construction of local knowledge in health rights in Villa La Tela See Butinof, Mariana Hulgin, Kathleen, College of Mount St. Joseph Introducing a Qualitative Approach to Disability in Higher Education: Student Responses and Pedagogical Considerations In this age of resource competition and quantitative approaches to public policy and professional practice, disability is at risk of entrenchment within the notion of individual pathology. Introducing a qualitative approach to disability in higher education curriculum is a potentially powerful source of change. This presentation describes an on-going study of student responses to this critical pedagogy, as implemented at two different institutions. The challenge to view disability as socially constructed varied, depending upon students' identities and positions in relation to dominant norms. Considerations for pedagogy, including possible links with civic engagement will be discussed.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

125

Hundley, Melanie, Vanderbilt University Guilding the Lily: A Southern Family Appropriation of Shakespeare In order to explore a Southern family's appropriation of Shakespeare, the author adopted a multimodal autoethnographic approach to her research by combining still images, music, audio recordings, narrative, poetry, and hypertext to explore her informal introduction to an icon of English literature. The author used Kress and Van Leeuwen's (2001) concept of design, one that reflects `'a deliberateness about choosing the modes for representation, and the framing for that representation'' (Kress and Van Leeuwen, p. 45) to trouble traditional representations of autoethnographic data arguing that multimodality is more democratic in both the collection of data and the representation of data. Hung, YingLin, Bristol Taking Laurel Richardson's Three Words to `Twitter': ESCalate Collaborative Writing Group Take Three Words to Web2 See Brown, Laurinda Hurtado, Ghaffar, University of Minnesota Exploring the Cultural Context of Food and Nutrition among East African Families in Minneapolis Minnesota's population is changing rapidly. Immigrant families are challenged around health and nutrition issues. The objectives of the study were to understand East African families' cultural beliefs about what healthy foods are; and how East African families support one another when a community member is food insecure. Three focus groups with East African families were conducted in Minneapolis. Notes and audio recording were analyzed into themes. Among the findings are: Gender roles in transition around food and health. Cultural foods were seen as healthy because they are based on fresh foods. Knowledge about healthy food passed through the community by word of mouth, or generationally. A sense of community response to hunger or food scarcity elicits a strong ethic of helping people. These findings and others are relevant for further research and practice. Understanding and strengthening the capacities of local communities is core to addressing health issues. Hylton, Kevin, Leeds Metropolitan University Talk the Talk, Walk the Walk: Defining Critical Race Theory in Research This paper examines the fundamental tenets of methodologies that utilise a critical race theory approach. Not withstanding intersectional issues, a CRT methodology is recognisable by how philosophical, political and ethical questions are established and maintained in relation to racialised problematics. This paper explores the stories of researchers in public relations, accounting and sport and leisure in the UK who have utilised CRT in their studies. The paper will pack researcher rationales for their design decisions. Methodologies with a CRT identity are likely to contain essential pillars such as the emphasis on the disruption of racism, the centering of `race', social justice, antiessentialism and the transformation of negative racialised relations. Researching `race' is fraught with conceptual and political problems that can reify or challenge racial projects, how these are managed will be core issues in this paper.

126

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Ilabaca-Baeza, Paola, Speech analysis of sexual life and sexual experiences of adult indigenous women from the north of Chile See Zapata Sepulveda, Pamela Ilves, Kadi, University of Tartu Construction of Professional Narrative in Qualitative Social Work Research: the Role of Researcher's Connection with Practice See Linno, Merle Ilves, Kadi, University of Tartu Disease narratives in assessment of continuity of care: focus on patient's life See Rätsep, Anneli Insolia, Kate Justine, University of Illinois We Move: Experiential/Experimental Inquiry into Relationships with the `Other' Part Two This three section piece involves the use of performance autoethography as text, performance art, and dance as a means towards positioning, framing and understanding questions of relationship and `the other'. Daily as we move through the world, various physical languages disable our possibilities to be with one another in grace. We are caught in feedback lops which consistently tear at our ability to relate through care; to care and be cared for. This performance autoethnography piece uses improvisation, written text, movement and dance to experiment and experience elements of relationship present in daily life. It asks how is it that we are separate and how it is that we can be together. Isaac, Carol, University of Wisconsin-Madison Biomedical qualitative researchers: an endangered double life Biomedical qualitative researchers lead an endangered double life. Each research project and manuscript lives in a war zone, where remnants of the theoretical are compartmentalized into frequencies and numeration. The biomedical hierarchical discourse often disturbs qualitative knowings and silences the voices of qualitative researchers through journal peer review by reviewers who demand intercoder reliability, generalization, replication, frequencies, and the elimination of qualitative theorizing and `jargon'. In this session we will examine with caution and integrity this doubleness and the transfer of publication/writing standards from `hard sciences'. Furthermore, we will discuss some concerns related to theoretically situated and in-depth applications of qualitative research in the biomedical context. Isaac, Carol, University of Wisconsin-Madison Deconstructing women's tenure and biologic clock in academic medicine Research has identified difficulties in work-family and/or work-life balance as a significant cause of the "disproportionately high departure rate" for women in medical and academic careers (AAMC, 2008; Jovic, Wallace, & Lemaire, 2006; Leboy, 2009). 52 male and female academic physicians were interviewed with questions regarding career choice, mentoring, future goals, regrets, and life bal-

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

127

ance. Analysis illustrated the complexities of conflicting feelings as their families were their "rock and support" yet "none of our families_éÙ understand really what we're talking about." This feminist postructural study examines women physician's struggle to negotiate a realistic balance between the biological and tenure clock. Jacinto, George A., Arkansas State University-Jonesboro Achieving Racial/Ethnic Health Care Equality See Bhattacharya, Gauri Jackson, Alecia Youngblood, Appalachian State University Thinking With Theory In Teaching Qualitative Data Analysis Our purpose in this presentation is to demonstrate strategies of teaching qualitative data analysis by using data to think with theory. We want to show that qualitative data analysis can be more than mechanistic coding and reducing data to themes. We will enact a new analytics by demonstrating how using various epistemological frameworks in practices of inquiry can open up the production of meaning. We will introduce epistemological questions and methodological practices made possible in thinking with theory _éç not to focus on theoretical concepts in the abstract, but instead to engage the implications of those concepts for qualitative analysis. Jackson, Alecia Youngblood, Appalachian State University Technological Assemblages: Connectives, Machines, and Researching Virtual Learning Worlds This paper engages a Deleuzian framework of technological assemblages to produce new understandings of adult learning in virtual, online worlds. Rather than posing humans and technologies as separate entities I use technological assemblage to examine 1) How is space shaped in a virtual learning world _éç what are the connectives that make and unmake the assemblage? An exploration of this question evokes not what this particular learning world is but what it can do_éç what the assemblage does for adult learners, what it opens up and closes down, what new subjectivities are made (and unmade), what new territories are invented. Jackson, Kristi, Univeristy of Colorado, Boulder The Problem of Segregated Communities of Practice Among Mixed Methods Researchers As an example, the combination of qualitative data analysis software (QDAS) and social network analysis software (SNAS) could advance research designs in mixed methods. However, the boundaries that separate researchers in these communities of practice (as well as this history of fragmentation within these communities) hinder a thoughtful, creative, and pragmatic combination of approaches. Lessons gleaned by examining this segregation can be applied to other communities of practice in research and can help us be more reflexive about the ways in which our own communities of research practice hinder our ability to address crises world-wide.

128

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Jacobs, Stephanie, Drexel University Coping, Resilience, and Transformation: Responses to Family and Community Violence among Low-Income Women and Children Traditionally, learned helplessness paradigms have framed interpretations of responses to family and community violence (Seligman, 1975; Gondolf, 1983). A learned helplessness perspective focuses on deficit-oriented responses to violence and violent oppression. This research utilizes a strength-oriented framework to analyze ethnographic data from a diverse sample of 70 low-income women and their children to identify responses to current and historical violence. Researchers analyzed family profiles and field notes using general content analysis to create a typology of responses to violence compounded by poverty. Results indicated that respondents identified coping, resilience, and transformation processes in preventing and surviving family and community violence. Jacobs, Stephanie, Drexel University Understanding Family Systems of Violence in Low-Income Families See Tubbs, Carolyn Y. Jago, Barbara H. , University of New Hampshire at Manchester Shacking Up: An autoethnographic tale of cohabitation This autoethnography describes my experience of cohabitation with my partner of six years and his two children, Mary and Michael. In particular, I focus on my troubled relationship with Mary. Using Rambo's "layered account," I weave together a multiplicity of scenes during the six years that Sam and I have been dating and then cohabiting. I move back and forth through time, dating each section, and speaking from a variety of perspectives and roles, including girlfriend, cohabiting partner, daughter, adult, professor, and autoethnographer. By intermingling these voices and time periods through autoethnography, I endeavor to move beyond my personal experience and comment on the à = James, BRAT, We Move: Experiential/Experimental Inquiry into Relationships with the `Other' Part Three This three section piece involves the use of performance art autoethnography as text, performance art and dance as a means towards positioning, framing and understanding questions of relationships and the `other'. Daily, as we move through the world, various physical languages disable our possibilities to be with one another. We are caught in feedback loops which consistently tear at our ability to relate through care; to care and be cared for. This performance autoethnography piece uses improvisation, written text movement and dance to experiment and experience elements of relationship present in daily life. It asks how it is that we are separate and how it is that we can be together Jameson, Jill, The University of Greenwich Re-writing letters, reconsidering memories in the Zimbabwean Diaspora This paper reproduces and analyses selected extracts of letters from family and friends collected throughout thirty years by a member of the Zimbabwean

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

129

diaspora now living in England. In the process of re-writing these selected moments from the past, which include extracts from five generations of family and friends, glimpses of memories of the past are reconsidered. The process is illuminating, invigorating but also painful for the author. During the re-writing process, there is a recognition of the loss of country and a numb awareness that many years of closer connectivity with family and friends has also been left behind. The governmental, economic and social injustices of the current Zimbabwean situation have wiped out the past: much that would have been a Zimbabwean heritage for new generations has disappeared. Amongst what is left are the written remnants of the past: these vivid golden threads of old memories provide hope in a new way for an internationally shared future. Janse van Rensburg, Albert Bernard-Repsold, Witwatersrand Mediating the Discourse on Spirituality in South African Psychiatric Practice and Training A role for spirituality has been observed in mental health and psychiatry. In South Africa, in particular how African traditional practices have increasingly been regarded as an approach in parallel to biomedical practice. Academic psychiatrists were approached for their views on the role of spirituality. Generally, very few qualitative inquiries are routinely undertaken in medical disciplines. Crabtree and Miller however argued that a "clinical model of mediation" should be adopted to overcome prevailing "inherent biomedical skepticism" towards qualitative methods. Qualitative methodology used in this study attempted to "mediate" participation in this marginalized discourse in local clinical medicine. Jara Labarthe, Vanessa, Universidad de Tarapaca "Gender violence experiences of urban adult indigenous women from the north of Chile" See Sanchez Gomez, Maria Cruz Jaramillo-Lopez, Carlos Mario, University of Antioquia Construccion de significados de la ecuacion lineal See Londono-Orrego, Sandra Milena Jaramillo, Diana, Universidad de Antioquia A Investiga_·_úo Narrativa na Forma_·_úo Inicial de Pr O prop__sito desta pesquisa foi responder __ quest_úo: como o ide_¯rio pedag__gico e a pr_¯tica docente dos futuros professores de Matem_¯tica (re) constituem-se num processo de forma_·_úo mediado pela a_·_úo, reflex_úo e investiga_·_úo sobre a pr_¯tica pedag__gica? Ancorada nos estudos hist__ricoculturais, aproximei-me do movimento de (re)constitui_·_úo do ide_¯rio e da pr_¯tica docente de tr__s futuros professores de Matem_¯tica a partir do seu cotidiano (Campinas-Brasil). O caminho seguido foi a "investiga_·_úo narrativa". Os registros e dados analisados foram produzidos pelos licenciandos a partir de autobiografias, an_¯lise de epis__dios, textos escritos, di_¯rios reflexivos, mapas conceituais e entrevistas. Aproximando-me desse movimento, urdi uma <<tecedura de acontecimentos>> de cada licenciando. Assim, identifiquei alguns elementos constitutivos do ide_¯rio de cada futuro professor que dizem sobre sua dimens_úo _tica e est_tica.

130

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Jaramillo, Diana, Universidad de Antioquia Investigacion Colaborativa: Camnino para Atender a Presentamos el camino metodologico de una investigacion que pretende identificar las interrelaciones que se tejen entre los procesos de ensenanza y los procesos de aprendizaje, al interior del aula de clase de matematicas, y la forma como el conocimiento matematico determina el desarrollo de dichos procesos. El estudio se realiza en cinco instituciones de diversos contextos socioculturales, incluyendo dos escuelas indigenas (Colombia). Desde un grupo de once maestros de educacion basica, media y superior, cuatro estudiantes de maestria y nueve estudiantes de pregrado, el proyecto atiende a los criterios de la investigacion colaborativa, bajo un abordaje critico y dialectico. Jarchow, Susan M., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Private Suffering Versus Public Symptoms: Illness Narratives from a Sample of HIV-Infected African American Men See Buseh, Aaron G. Jauk, Daniela, University of Akron Teaching with Facebook: How to Bring Global Issues to Student's Lifeworlds See Swider, Sarah Javdani, Shabnam, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Contextualized Pathways Toward Female Antisocial Behavior: A Mixed Methods Study The study of female antisocial behavior has been informed by two distinct perspectives, one led by quantitative and the by qualitative methodology. This paper seeks to examine evidence for, and integrate, both perspectives in the context of a single, mixed-methods study. Mixed-methods conceptualizations, purposes, and design elements will be described. A particular focus will be placed on the ways in which mixing methods can help broaden the lens through which the construct of gender is understood by attending to the micro (gender at the individual level) and macro (gender at the ecological level) effects of gender in women's lives. Jay, Michelle, University of South Carolina Derrick Bell and Considerations in the Naming of White Allies See Anders, Allison Daniel Joanou, Jamie Patrice, Arizona State University I am not a problem: The performative iIdentities of youth resisting at the margins This paper examines the ways in which youth who make their lives on the street develop unique and complex identities. These identities are specifically related to both past histories and present discourses and are often developed in opposition to mainstream culture and to personal histories of abuse and neglect. Drawing on the works of Holland, Lachicotte, Skinner and Cain (1998), and Judith Bulter (1990), I examine how being seen as a problem in need of resolution fuels children to reject adultist prescriptions of who and how they should

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

131

be and embrace the social world of the street. Drawing on eleven months of qualitative fieldwork with youth living and working on the streets of Lima, Peru, particularly through the use of participatory observations, photographic methodologies, and informal interviews, I examine the unique and complex identities of each of my participants, the ways in which spatiality, context, and personal relationships influence the performance of these identities. Jofre, Anna rami__, universidad de Barcelona Grounded Theory: One application at the study of Communication about the application of the Grounded Theory. Research concerning the private practice of nursing. Minoritary and unknown form of practice with a great variety of services and activities which will be a expanded area of profession in the future. Literature and research in the topic is scarce. Objective generate knowledge about these form of practice. Methodology constructivist paradigm method of Grounded Theory research and analysis. Data collection nurses in independent practice 20 in depth interviews and 8 discussion groups 30 nurses working in different settings information of Professional Colleges of Nursing is gathered. The ethical and reliability criteria. Analysis with Atlas TI5. john, akuri, Rural Cameroonian Women: Dreams for Themselves and Their Children See weinger, susan Johnson, , University of Florida Tensions in qualitative research journals See Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka Johnson, Amy K., Howard Brown Health Center; Children's Mem. Hosp. "I Don't Want to Compare Races, but": Recommendations for HIV Prevention from HIV-positive YMSM See Hidalgo, Marco A. Johnston-Parsons, Marilyn, UIUC "I'm looking for a black man's face on some money:" Recognizing Students' Funds Of Knowledge For Social Studies Learning See McCarty, Ryan Jonaitis, Leigh, Bergen Community College Troubling Narratives of Community College Remedial Education The Obama administration's $12 billion plan to increase graduation rates at community colleges has prompted speculation and research about the efficacy of remedial (or developmental) education. In the popular press, remediation itself is often depicted as culpable for poor retention and low graduation rates, and emphasizes taxpayers' concerns about "paying double" for material that students were "supposed to have learned" in high schools. In developmental English, such assumptions rely heavily on a linear narrative of writing ability_éåthat writing can be broken into clearly defined, sequenced bits of information that

132

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

students must master before they move on. The author uses her experiences and research as a community college instructor, qualitative researcher, and research participant to consider how poststructuralist perspectives on narrative inquiry can challenge current essentialized narratives about remedial education on the national level. Jones, Darolyn, Ball State University Going Native! Transformation and Autoethnography Barbara Tedlock reminds us, "Ethnographers who have learned not only the language but also appropriate behavior...have been transformed, sometimes quite radically, by their fieldwork experience" (1991, p. 70). What are the advantages of not just going native but being native? If you are a full member, can you still experience transformation? How important is proximity to transformation? Because I am a mother to a special needs child, I know full well the women who are my participants. For my Autoethnography research, I am drawing upon and trusting strong sister voices including the metacognitive work of Belenky's ways of knowing, Richardson's narrative inquiry, Behar's vulnerability, and Tedlock's participatory research. For this paper and presentation, I wish to illustrate how I have negotiated my role as a native in conducting my research, how I have experienced transformation, and how I am finding a way to honor the mother's stories and my own. Jones, Izola, Argosy University Panelists See Sutter, Judith A Jones, Liz, Manchester Metropolitan University Touching Objects See Holmes, Rachel Jones, Liz, Manchester Metropolitan University Liminal Objects See Holmes, Rachel Jones, Liz, Manchester Metropolitan University The Discipline of Objects See Holmes, Rachel Jones, Marion, Mission Impossible: Collaborative Action Research as Game, Ritual and Real This paper deconstructs a collaborative action research project. We interpret the Janus-faced nature of action research and make explicit the tensions and disordering of research activity that remain largely disregarded both in the literature and in everyday self-accounting. In employing the notion of action research as ethno-drama we amalgamate these disparate tendencies in an attempt to explain this phenomenon from a dual (and then a multiple) perspective: from within, by utilising game theory in the identification of the motives influencing

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

133

the behaviour of the various players, and from without by employing the concept of `cargo cult'. Jorr__n-Abell_¯n, Ivan M., Valladolid Fill in the Gaps: A Rural School Community of Practice to Actively Design Technology-Based Learning Activities See Villagra, Sara Kaczynski, Dan, Central Michigan University Images as Data: An Instructional Tool for Bridging the Paradigm Divide A fundamental concept of qualitative methodology is the recognition of multiple meanings and the related empowerment of participant voice. Instructing researchers in the application of QDAS can be enhanced by establishing a shared acceptance of these concepts. This paper explores the use of artwork and photographic qualitative data as a QDAS instructional tool and demonstrates how researchers holding opposing positions on the qualitative-quantitative theoretical continuum may better understand other worldviews. Key learning outcomes are identified which explore such questions as; what paths of inquiry are opened, are there other interpretations and how should the researcher analyze multiple realities. Kaczynski, Dan, Central Michigan University Enhancing Applied Business Research through Qualitative Inquiry Graduate students and faculty in the field of business are increasingly adopting innovations in qualitative inquiry. This shift in practice is critically discussed through a structured examination of research methods, design considerations, analysis software, and team research practices. Discussion will focus on the examination of professional development strategies at two universities located in Australia and the United States. Results of this study support the adoption of rigorous qualitative inquiry practices by applied business researchers. Particular attention is given to strengthening a cross-disciplinary understanding of qualitative research methodologies and the diligent adoption of methodological indicators of quality. Kahveci, Nihat Gurel, Istanbul University Representation of `Europe' in Turkish Art History Textbooks Nihat Gurel Kahveci The purpose of this study is to examine representations of `Europe'in Turkish art history textbooks. Texbooks are examined in terms of their narrative reflection and structural content of the texts. Qualitative content analysis techniques were utilized to analyze texts' narrative and structure. Holsti (1969) defined content analysis is that "any technique for making inferences by objectively and systematically identifying specified charecteristics of messages" . This study examines content; pictures, language, words within the related `Europe' chapters and passages in the textbooks. Representations of `Europe' in the art history textbooks will be highlighted in the presentation.

134

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Kalda, Ruth, University of Tartu Disease narratives in assessment of continuity of care: focus on patient's life See Rätsep, Anneli Kamberelis, George, University of Wyoming Problematizing Community and Community Building in Multicultural Education In this presentation we report the results from a critical qualitative meta-analysis of 40 studies of multicultural educational curricula that focused on community and community building in classrooms and schools. We found that most of these studies embody a troubling trend to celebrate community and community building in uncritical, romanticized ways and to ignore historical structures and forces that hold racism and xenophobia in place. This trend seems rooted in two related problems: a (mis)understanding and (mis)use of theory and a utopian impulse that blinds researchers to the ever more pernicious social and economic conditions that perpetuate inequality and injustice. As such, these studies risk unwittingly perpetuating, rather than disrupting, histories of colonialism and in increasingly subtle, even insidious, ways. Karimi Goudarzi, Katayoon, University of Texas at Austin I Can Only Promise to Tell Your Stories: When Feminist Research Raises False Hopes See Khosropour, Shirin C. Kastello, Lisa, Northern Illinois University Navigating the Doctoral Journey See Campbell-Busby, Kelly A. Katz, Sara, Shaanan Academic College Quality Assurance: Student Rights or Academic Freedom ? Transparency is threatening for teachers who are used to be autonomous in their work. The process of creating academic standards is sophisticated, and requires cooperative action, and extra hours. This qualitative case study describes how Quality Assurance (QA) processes were introduced and implemented into our college, the opposition we encountered, and how we carefully turned it into cooperation, that bridged between students' rights to have standard-based QA and the legitimate claim of teachers of academic freedom. This is an attempt to help academic staff to understand the basis for their standards without seeking to take away their professional autonomy for determining them. This grounded theory inquiry involves coding, refining, and defining QA standards. The process ends with a draft of professional standards, and change of attitude towards QA. Such steps are promising and if extended, could offer a framework for developmental action in other institutions as well. Kaufmann, Jodi, Georgia State University An Autoethnography of a Hacceity: A-Wo/man-to-EatWithin autoethnography emerges a beautiful tension between a desire to write the self and a knowing there is no self to write. A few have recently attempted

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

135

to theoretically and empirically work through this tension (De Freitas & Paton, 2009; Gannon, 2006; Jackson & Mazzei, 2008; Phillips, Harris, higgens, 2009; Reinertsen, 2009). Desiring to write a self that is not, in order to begin to map a territory of being that does not fold the body back on itself, in this paper I attempt to represent a non-subjectified `self,' relying on the construct of hacceity (Deleuze & Guattari, 1987). Specifically, this autoethnography, wherein "auto" is understood as a desubjectified individuation, will represent hacceities of wo/ man on the assemblage of anabolic-androgenic steroids. Kayama, Misa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Using my wheelchair to hear stories about children's disabilities in a research project Children's disabilities are sensitive issues to explore as a researcher. It is critical to establish relationships with participant children. In my ethnographic research project at a public elementary school regarding children's experiences in special education, my wheelchair functioned as a tool to initiate relationships with children. Even before introducing myself, children came to me and asked questions. Children's responses varied by their age. First graders treated my wheelchair as a "toy," whereas fifth graders recognized my needs and asked if I needed help. An educator of one child stated that it was easier for him to ask me for help, because he knew he could help me as well. Sharing something common facilitates our relationships. Some children also voluntarily told me about their difficulties and disabilities. I will discuss children's responses to my wheelchair and how it facilitates their voluntary corporation as well as challenges to hearing their disability stories. Kaymakci, Selahattin, University of Illinois THE EFFECT of GLOBALIZATION'S ON THE NEW TURKISH SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM: "GLOBAL CONNECTIONS" LEARNING DOMAIN With the development of science and technology, borders between countries have been removed and communication and interaction among people has increased. This situation has created a new concept: "globalization". Undoubtedly, globalization has some effects on education like the other areas of life. So the aim of this study is to elicit globalization's effects on Turkish educational system in the context of new Turkish social studies curriculum, especially Global Connections, one of the learning domains. The study used document analysis to evaluate in the purposes, attainments, concepts, values, skills, measurement and assessment tools and sample activities. Kaymakci, Selahattin, University of Gazi A Dialogue Across Cultural Perspectives: Turkish and American Global Education Issues See Parsons, Marilyn Kazmer, Michelle, Florida State University African-American Alzheimer's Caregiving Training and Support Our U.S federally-funded African-American Alzheimer's Caregiving Training and Support (ACTS) project studies skills training and support for African-

136

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

American caregivers of dementia patients. African-American caregivers are more likely than other caregivers to perform the most demanding caregiving tasks and spend a disproportionately high percentage of their income for the care recipient's needs. To understand the range of experiences of these caregivers, our study closely integrates the use of standard diagnostic scales and medical SOAP (subjective, objective, assessment, and plan) notes with a longitudinal qualitative component, carried out by experienced qualitative researchers, to give voice to the individual participants in the study. We interviewed the participants over time and our findings help reveal the nuances of cultural, regional, ethnic, religious, and personal meanings of illness (physical and mental), their loved ones' dementia, and their own experiences as caregivers. Keefer, Jeffrey M., Lancaster University Learning Goals and Personal Learning in Practitioner Autoethnographic Inquiry: A Case Study Autoethnography is an increasingly used method of inquiry in the social sciences that focuses upon an experience, or case, in the life of the researcher, who then studies this with the hope of presenting it with vivid and rich descriptive details. It is often intended that the reader be able to share in the experience, so the research is intentionally related to common cultural perspectives. There is limited research around why autoethnographers engage in this method, especially in the context of trying to better understand their goals and intentions for their own work, as well as what is hoped for within the audience. This exploratory case study research will explore the researcher's learning goals for his or her readers, as well as how the researcher's own learning develops through the process of conducting the autoethnographic research. Keefer, Jeffrey M., Lancaster University The Design and Initial Development of an eLearning Course to Organize and Frame a Qualitative Research Design: The Learning Qualitative Project There is increasing attention to the challenges faced by faculty who teach qualitative research method courses. Whether lecturers do not have sufficient background to teach in this area, students are not ready to take these courses or their expectations differ from what is taught, logistical institutional factors inhibit teaching and learning, or challenges in the theory-practice relationship pose struggles to coursework, the struggles with teaching qualitative methods seem nearly endless (Hurworth, 2008). With so much need, it was decided to create a freely available eLearning course to assist faculty and students alike. A qualitative research design eLearning course was developed to address some of the basic elements of a research design, and the first version of this is being tested with feedback being used to improve the course's usefulness. Keifer-Boyd, Karen T., The Pennsylvania State University Critical Participatory Action Research Activism: US and Ugandan Transcultural Dialogues about Contemporary Visual Culture This critical action research project involves collaboratively building online architectures for participation in transcultural critical dialogue about visual culture with emphasis on cultural identity and local and global injustices. Art education faculty at Makerere University in Uganda (MTSIFA) and at Penn

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

137

State in the United States (PSU) began art education collaborations in 2007 as a reflective and iterative inquiry process of building spaces for critical dialogue about student created content-based art. Our goal is to use participatory action research strategies to improve socially- and culturally- responsive teaching and learning environments and practices for equitable and inclusive art classrooms that erode assumptions, ignorance, and misunderstandings about each other's lives, beliefs, and values. This presentation will focus particularly on a PSU professor living in Uganda for a month working collaboratively with MTSIFA faculty and students. Keigher, Sharon M, UWisconsin-Milwaukee Relinquishing Welfare (TANF) to Be a Good Mother Although competing roles and responsibilities characterize the lives of most mothers in the US, a major concern about Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) was that compulsory workfare might make mothers neglect or abuse their children. To better understand barriers to employment and how mothers were coping without TANF income, we interviewed 40 African-American mothers who had exhausted their TANF benefits. Four in-depth, open-ended interviews were conducted over one year in one Mid-western city to identify various patterns of parenthood post-TANF. Particular attention is paid to: 1. Mothers' rationales for being at home vs. at work throughout the day since leaving TANF, or for whatever schedule they keep. How do they describe the time they actually have with their children? 2. Mothers' descriptions of the financial hardships or challenges they feel relative to meeting their children's needs without TANF income. Can they provide sufficiently and how do they do it? Kelber, Sheryl T., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Private Suffering Versus Public Symptoms: Illness Narratives from a Sample of HIV-Infected African American Men See Buseh, Aaron G. Kerr, Alicia, Texas A&M University Learning about Culturally Responsive Teaching in a Teacher Study Group: Experiences of Five Urban Teachers See Larke, Patricia J Khosropour, Shirin C., Austin Community College I Can Only Promise to Tell Your Stories: When Feminist Research Raises False Hopes I will report on a descriptive study of women's lives in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Three women's interviews will be highlighted. The life stories these women share, (a driver for an all-female taxi company, a domestic worker, and a professional who was inspired by the Islamic revolution to change her life) demonstrate the diversity of perceptions regarding the utility of the Islamic laws even while they share similar life stories. Iran's contemporary feminist movements, including those with secular and Islamic orientations, will be used as the background for constructing a narrative of these life stories. These narratives will be discussed in the context of the sociopolitical climate of Iran. In addition, I will report on my own experience as an Iranian expatriate spending a sabbatical at

138

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

the University of Tehran and the unanticipated hopes and expectations my work raised among some of the women I interviewed. Kiegelmann, Mechthild, University of Trier Emancipatory Qualitative Research in Psychology in Times of Mixed Methods Perspectives from Germany Qualitative approaches in psychology in Germany are being practiced within a community of engaged researchers, often working in an emancipatory tradition. Thriving networks for qualitative researchers are available, (e.g. journal FQS, Center for Qualitative Psychology, Zentrum f_ßr Sozialweltforschung und Methodenentwicklung). Currently, quantitative oriented psychologists are being interested in mixed methods. In this presentation, an approach to keep an emancipatory stance within mixed methods research in Germany is presented. A critical evaluation of mixed methods cooperation's within the context of psychology departments at German universities is given. Kilgard, Amy K., San Francisco State University Shop with Me: Performances of Consumer Relationships Relationships are formed, perpetuated, limited, stretched, and deepened through consumerist practices. During this time of economic crisis, it is especially important to consider the implications of corporate capitalist consumerism on our relationships. In this performance, I share findings from performance/ shopping/interviews I conducted with people while shopping with them. Shopping in traditional and non-traditional ways, these participants demonstrate practices both mundane and extraordinary, both hegemonic and critical. Kim, Hynjin, Oklahoma State University New Paradigm in Human Development: Integrating Person-Environment See Lee, Soowon Kim, Hyojin, Texas Tech University The Meaning of Candle Light in South Korea In 2008, a huge demonstration has occurred and continued in South Korea. People voluntary participate the protest with candles. Two different viewpoints have come out to this social phenomenon; one as a demonstration and the other as a grassroots movement. Since the protest, the symbol of candlelight presents the protest against government or the voice should be heard. This paper will examine the meaning of candle light protest in the socio-political moment. The main research questions contain: why people participate the protest voluntarily, why the different viewpoints of protest come out and how government, citizen and media react to them? Kim, Hyojin, Texas Tech University The portrayal and the cultural meaning of Korean characters in US television shows In US television, most Asian female characters play stereotypical roles, in that they fulfill the "Model Minority" stereotype. Since 2000, several Korean female characters have played major roles in US primetime television shows such as

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

139

Gilmore Girls (CW), Lost (ABC) and Grey's Anatomy (ABC). Each show has been very popular since its premier. Through textual analysis, this paper will focus on how each character differs from the others and how their shows' other characters perceive them. The core research questions include: do they follow the "Model Minority" stereotypes and do they well represent Koreans/Korean Americans? Kim, Hyunjin, Oklahoma State University Hiatus between Pre-service Teachers' Understanding of Early Learning Standards and Extant Beliefs in Teaching With the development of early learning standards for children ages 2 through 4 in early childhood education, early child hood educators including child care providers have been gaining momentum based on the belief that teachers' knowledge and abilities are the most important determinants of how and what students learn (Darling-Hammond, 1998; National Commission on Teaching & America's Future, 1996). Six preservice teachers will be invited to a focus group interview to investigate pre-service teachers' understanding of early learning standards for preschool programs and their beliefs in the public preschool in Oklahoma since the state of Oklahoma is known as one of the two states that inaugurated free public preschool programs in the States. This study will provide with educational implications for teacher education by exploring the pedagogical borderline between ideology and reality through critical inquiry regarding early learning standards among Preservice teachers. Kim, Jeesuk, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Shifting the Local to the Global in Learning to Teach Social Studies: A Case Study This study examined potentials and limitations of social inquiry projects in an elementary Social Studies class related to teaching global issues. As the main component of the course, the projects have helped students do observations and interviews in diverse community settings. Conducting inquiries encouraged students to examine/expand their concept of community. Second, students learned multiple perspectives existing among diverse school community agents. Lastly, the way in which they observed and talked with people, and examined artifacts to understand human conditions connected their questions with community members' daily lives. While social inquiries may prevent student teachers from teaching global issues due to highly localized curriculum, social inquiries have many potentials based on expanded concepts of community (global village), multiple perspectives (global perspectives), and life-connectedness (white privilege in locality shifts to western privilege in global level). Kim, Jeesuk, UIUC A Dialogue Across Cultural Perspectives: Turkish and American Global Education Issues See Parsons, Marilyn

140

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Kim, Jeung Deok, Ohio State University How Dramatic Performance Affects Second or Foreign Language Learning By the effect of globalization, it is assumed that the more languages people can speak, the more internationally competitive they become in the world. As a way of learning second or foreign languages, a dramatic performance is suggested because it encourages language learners to actively participate in the classroom activities with less pressure as well as to learn cooperation and sociality. In addition, the broad applicability and its own values of dramatic performance also make it as a helpful and effective way to learn other languages. Amy (a pseudonym), an American-doctoral student majoring in French and teaching French in the university, showed mixed responses to using dramatic performances in the second or foreign language classrooms from a student's perspective as well as from a teacher's perspective. Through her case, this study examines the influence of dramatic performance on the other language learning in the different contexts. Kim, Jungah, Teachers College, Columbia University Madness of Memory: A Path of Writing through the Aporia In Jacques-Louis David's painting, "The Death of Socrates," Socrates is narrated, demonstrated, and indeed represented like an "aporia;" Socrates, the man who never wrote philosophical texts, is a trace of memory without origin, a philosophical representation of his disciples, a text woven through memories for Socrates. Plato, the foremost narrator of the life of Socrates, vigorously wrote of the Socratic method as a pedagogic maneuver that is at once ironic and allegorical; the departures in Plato's writings are interwoven to the subtle autobiographical register based on his memories for Socrates that are in fact caught in a ceaseless "undecidability," to quote Derrida, between remembrance and narrative invention as a form of storytelling. The author examines the relational traits among memory, language, narrative, and history while exploring what Derrida calls "madness of memory" as an (im)possible passageway to write, trembling in the distinction between autobiography and fiction. Kim, Jungah, Columbia University Literary Education for the Humanities of Others When students and teachers engage in the communicative reading and writing practices, we often depend on the predetermined rules and rubrics to respond to the call of the ethical. But because literary practices frequently take epistemological breakdown to forge a rethinking of what it means to respond responsively to others, there is a frequent struggle for the ethical and political to find meaning and make other learning possible. Spivak suggests that the humanities education needs to be "a setting-to-work" to enable us to imagine the other who does not resemble the self. For educators/researchers to experience the impossible through literary education, the task of teaching literature is to emphasize the imagination as an in-built instrument of othering ourselves. The author offers to rethink our "acts of imagination" as something emanate from classrooms that add humanness into strict codes and mandatory guidelines to respond to the call of the ethical.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

141

Kim, Minyoung, University of Wisconsin-Madison The Cultural Influence on Inclusive Education in the Republic of Korea This presentation is about high school inclusive education in the Republic of Korea. For the last two decades, the Republic of Korea has been adopted the idea of inclusive education for students with disabilities from western countries and tried to implement inclusive education at the general education school settings. However, there is a gap between ideal inclusive education Using qualitative ethnographic case study, I tried to understand how Korean high school teachers including special education teachers, general education teachers, and school principal understand inclusive education and how they enact inclusive education in reality based on their personal beliefs. During fieldwork, I found inclusive education in Korea has been significantly affected by Korean unique culture. Therefore, in this presentation, I will discuss how Korean cultural uniqueness has influenced understanding and implementing of high school inclusive education in the Republic of Korea. Kim, Minyoung, University of Wisconsin, Madison Conceptualizing and Embodying Social Justice in Education Research See Trainor, Audrey A. King-White, Ryan, Towson University "If I were a Boy it would be All Right": Power, Privilege, and Apprehension in Student-Teacher Research In light of Jason Laurendeau's self-critical presentation (2008) and forthcoming paper derived from a recent sport sociology conference where he revealed the various tensions and, outright sexist, choices he made while working with a female student this paper addresses my (Ryan's) own apprehensions while working with a student (Amber) on a recent co-authored project. To do so, we consider the various forms of power, privilege, and concern professors owe to all students they conduct research with, but particularly the difficult choices that are made when a male professor conducts research with a female student. The aim of this presentation is to reveal the decisions we made while working together in response to the difficulties the aforementioned project ran into. Simultaneously, we hope to open ourselves up to critique from the audience in an effort to make progress within the field of qualitative inquiry. Kiskiras, Nicholas, Duquesne Univeristy Singing the Fat Soul: An Autoethnographic Account In this paper I attempt to reflect on my experience of fatness as a child and adolescent. Through my account, I wish to ascertain the wider societal significations ascribed upon the fat body and I argue that fatness is largely associated with conceptions of disability, laziness and sexual unattractiveness. I also attempt to delineate the process by which my family interactions mirrored these societal significations and, subsequently, the ways by which I adopted and reproduced them. I emphasize the emotional impact of these conceptions upon myself along with my struggle to navigate a way through a more fulfilling existence.

142

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Kispert, Karen, Eastern University The Dynamic Mentor Relationship: The Mentor's Influence on Female Leaders This qualitative study examines the phenomenon of mentoring through the experiences of twelve female leaders from business, academics, and the nonprofit sector. The researcher supplemented written self-reflections with interviews and field observation. The study showed that mentees come to know their mentors well through close observation and most mentors are intentional about mentoring. Each of the ten women who did not choose their mentor ­ the mentoring resulted from a supervisor-employee or teacher-student position -- emphasized the dynamic relationship they experienced with their mentor. The two women who chose their mentor chose a non-typical mentor and emphasized the learning role of a mentee. In every case, the mentor experience left a profound impact on the women's conception of leadership. Klein, Ellen Wilson, University of South Florida Chronic Illness as Shamanistic Experience This paper will discuss chronic illness as one type of the shaman's experience of dismemberment and re-memberment. Specific episodes from the point of diagnosis through treatment and remission will be utilized in narrative format to correlate with the various stages of the shamanic experience as one of spiritual death and rebirth. Kline, Anthony, Ball State University Revealing The Passion Within One doctoral student reveals his interesting path towards identifying his research question. After exhausting external resources, council, and colleagues, this paper examines how the author searched within to identify his passion, thus revealing the focus of his dissertation. Knight, Wanda , Pennsylvania State University My Journey: An Educational Odyssey, Against All Odds Many Black women in the United States feel pressure to lead double lives in order to cope with racial and gender discrimination. African American feminists Charisse Jones (a journalist) and Kumea Shorter-Gooden (a psychologist) found that to survive, Black women have to learn to "shift" between various worlds. Some do it by altering their appearance, behavior, or speech. Many shift White when they enter schools and work spaces and Black when they get back home. In this presentation, I focus on the intersectionality (entanglement) of three central inequities in educational organizations: race, gender, and class status. Through autoethnographic reflection, I use fragments of personal stories (narratives), replete with selected situations, to illuminate tensions associated with a shifting series of identities. My hope in describing my own experience is that it will inspire other narratives that expose and destabilize pervasive inequities in education.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

143

Knoeppel, Robert A., Clemson University Teacher Frustration in an Era of Standardized Tests: Results of Public Engagement Studies in South Carolina See Lindle, Jane Clark Koehler, Jeanne, University of Illinois Who Gave Birth to Whom In this autoethnographic piece, a woman working on a Ph.D. is asked to write about an epiphanic moment. The woman leaves class to pick up her children from school. At home, the woman cleans a closet in order to make room for new toys. She picks up a journal from 2001. She cries and smiles, wiping the tears away. Her daughter asks, "What's that?' She responds, "This is my journal. It tells you about when you and your brother were born." The children ask to hear it again, so she retells the color-filled story of the year of the two babies. This piece is that story. Koehler, Jeanne Linn, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Innovative Action in Teacher Education See Mayne, Hope Koelsch, Lori E, Duquesne University Presentation of research on the Internet: Possibilities and ethical concerns This paper explores the utility of the Internet for the presentation and performance of qualitative data. It is argued that the Internet is a venue for sharing qualitative data in a manner that could be fluid and multi-layered. It is also a means to bring data outside of the research community and into the public sphere. Currently, research findings are located on the Internet in the form of blogs, websites, online journals, etc. These formats bring with them multiple ethical concerns such as confidentiality, ownership, and safety of participants. Although much work has been done regarding the ethics of conducting research online, we can find little information about the ethics of presenting qualitative data online. We argue that this is an important area for the qualitative research community to address, and hope to open and/or formalize a dialogue with the community. Koksal, Huseyin, Gazi University History Pre-service Teachers' Assessments about th History Pre-service Teachers' Assessments about the History Topics Based on Different Ethical Approaches Dr.Huseyin Koksal, Gazi UniversityAssessment is the most important activity of human mind. The history courses provide objective assessment opportunities for the students. It is assumed that students make assessments in the history courses considering specific ethical approaches. These approaches can be classified as teleological, deontology, and dialogical idealism. The main purpose of this study was to determine and classify the history preservice teachers' assessments considering the different ethical approaches. For this purpose, the controversial topics from the Turkish and world history were chosen. In this study, data were collected from 10 pre-service teachers. After ana-

144

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

lyzing the data, initial results revealed that the pre-service teachers heavily made teleological assessments. Koro-Ljundberg, Mirka, Univ. of Florida Methodology and Responsibility In this paper I will work against the desire for methodological control, `easy methodological performance', and uncomplicated use of methodology. I take issue with unfussy uses of methodology because they silence discourses of complexity and methodological uncertainty and redirect attention away from responsibility, cultural values, troublesome questions and multiple viewpoints, and ideological and methodological impossibilities, as well as the politics of methodological "Othering". I argue that the impossibility of getting methodology `right' opens up possibilities to work with and reinvent inquiry in diverse spaces and ecologies. Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka, University of Florida Decolonizing and revising normative narratives In this presentation we will conceptualize and exemplify how qualitative researchers can engage with the Other with minimal exploitation and without reinforcement of normative narratives or colonizing subjectification. Furthermore, our discussions focus on learning from Others through relatedness prior to understanding. We will also elaborate on how co-researchers can work against normative narratives by producing counter narratives, counter identities, and subordinate resistance that will disable stereotyping and disturb the articulation of forms of difference. Finally, we locate our narration and oral history examples from Lomawaima (1995) and Walker (1996) in hybrid spaces where marginalized voices become centered. Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka, University of Florida Tensions in qualitative research journals This presentation discusses personal, methodological, and social tensions that characterized 14 doctoral students' learning experiences in the context of a qualitative data analysis course. We specifically investigated what tensions became visible in the reflection journals that were designed to document students' learning and methodological shifts. Discourse analysis identified four main tensions: 1) mastery vs. positioning oneself as a lifelong learner, 2) urgency to begin the analysis vs. available time, 3) holistic vs. detail-oriented analysis, and 4) individual ideas vs. group consensus. To conclude, reflective journaling enables instructors to tailor their assignments to support students' individual and professional development. Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka, University of Florida Biomedical qualitative researchers: an endangered double life See Isaac, Carol Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka, University of Florida Methodological Houses Built on Sand See Douglas, Elliot P.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

145

Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka , University of Florida Prospective Teachers as Action Researchers: The Possibilities for Learning and Critique See Hayes, Sharon Korsmo, John, Western Washington University Prosperity Action Teams: Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Overcome Poverty The session will share the challenges and successes of an action research project addressing poverty in Bellingham, WA. The research members represent a variety of personal experiences and interests relating to poverty. Homelessness, single parenting, substance abuse, incarceration, untreated medical needs, and domestic violence are but a few of the obstacles faced by members. However, we do not dwell on deficits and challenges, but rather on strengths and supports. Through an ongoing cycle of communication, action, and reflection we have gained numerous positive outcomes, including: A contract from the State to support others in poverty; Securing scholarships for professional development; Heightened awareness of contemporary poverty; Inform local candidates for Congress and Senate of local needs. Perhaps most salient have been the crossclass relationships we have developed along the way. Kozlowski, Tanya, UIUC Quaring "Home" "Familia", y "Testimonio": Letters to My Mother In these queer times I put myself into conversation with my mother through poetry and narrative in order to reimagine home, familia, y testimonio and traverse the traumas inscribed upon my mindbodyspirit through interlocking systems of domination and personal collusions. Using a quare feminist of color analysis, I lean on the work of E. Patrick Johnson, J. Alexander, J. K. Puar, and G. Anzaldua pushing for more scholarship that names the separation of minds and bodies as hetero-patriarchal and names the professional as personal and knows the personal is always political. Using queer methods in this performance I deeply trouble neo-liberal ideologies that keep our sociopolitical landscape on a trajectory of increased privatization, fear, and competition for resources. I position myself, a lesbian womyn of color scholar, as knowledge producer therefore developing new spaces that do not manage, sanitize, privatize, and deem quare female bodies and subjectivities of color disposable. Kozlowski, Tanya, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign I Ask & I Tell: A Queer Feminist of Color's (Re) Reading of California's Proposition 8 Within this work, I employ a quare feminist analysis of California's Proposition 8 in order to engage in a dialogical conversation that demonstrates how same sex marriage is layered with racialized, gendered, and sexualized dominant cultural logics of whiteness and hetero-patriarchy. I bring myself into already in progress conversations with E. Patrick Johnson, M. Jacqui Alexander, Jasbir Puar, and Gloria Anzaldua in order to continue pushing and engaging in scholarship that calls for new messy conversations that will eradicate policies which manage, privatize, and deem quare female bodies and subjectivities disposable; as well as develop more collective ways of traversing the traumas inscribed and

146

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

inflicted upon our bodies to heal our minbodyspirits. Most importantly, I bring the Ivory Tower and macro policy decisions face to face with an auto-ethnographic narrative of the Chicago Dyke March 2009 therefore reimagining home, familia, and testimonio. Krause, Mercedes, Universidad de Buenos Aires Easier Said than Done? Analysis of Health Care and Education Strategies in Middle Class Families In the context of deepening social inequality produced in Argentina by the implementation of neoliberal economic and social policies in recent decades, our ongoing research aims to link what families think they should and could do about the education and health of their children, with the family strategies effectively developed and their class trajectories. The discussion is organized around a thematic analysis of the semi-structured biographical interviews conducted at 10 middle-class families with teenage and young children. The research questions guiding the data analysis are: which are the class advantages reaffirmed by the family strategies in the domains of health care and education for their children? Which are the resources they brought into play in times of family life crises and serious illness episodes? Krebs, Ruy Jornada, UDESC (State University of Santa Catarina Mood States Profiles in High-Level Volleyball and Tennis Athletes: Collective Subject Speech Method in Brazil See Rotta, Tatiana Marcela Kreher, Yin Wah, Syracuse University Unraveling Moments of Everyday Creativity: A Performative Analysis of Group Dialogical Inquiry Recent creativity research has shifted from a focus on studying eminent creative geniuses (Big C) to "everyday creativity" by those who have not established themselves as "legends" in their fields. This study investigates everyday creativity in non-Big-C individuals whose creative potential are largely under-recognized and under-encouraged. Through performative analysis of two narrative episodes of a group of graduate television research students studying in an American university, we see how student ideas are linked by the reenactment of ideas by the instructor as they engage in collective dialogue, resulting in the novel interpretation of ideas and transformative learning. Krug, Gary, Eastern Washington University "Tea for Two and Two for Tea: Understanding the historical and philosophical roots of the teabaggers" Over the past year, a populist, grassroots movement, self-identified as the "teabag" movement, has developed in America. Often co-opted in part for its early popularity and sometimes imitated in what can best be described as "Astroturf" appropriations of the original idea, teabaggers espouse a rejection of centralized government, a libertarian approach to government in general, a return to tradition in both social structures, such as family, and in a resurrection of fundamentalist religious influence in government. Often reviled and ridiculed, the movement does contain some valid critiques of contemporary society; notably

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

147

addressing the absence of a spiritual or transcendent dimension to contemporary culture together with a prevailing skepticism toward opaque and distant government processes. To understand the movement, its critiques and the implications of the conditions from which it arose, the movement must be located within a historical framework of American religious history as well as a history of political and philosophical critique of the dominant discourses of modern culture. Such an approach reveals that the teabaggers' critiques address on-going and previously identified problems within the scientific rationality prevailing in the public domain, although they misidentify both the causes and the solutions. Drawing on the work of Vogelin, Jonas, and others in the field of sociophilosophical analysis together with the work of RL Moore, Benhabib, and John Wilson, this paper outlines the parameters within which the critiques of the teabaggers can be taken seriously, and thus the paper begins an exploration into the terms under which these underprivileged and malcontented factions of right-wing American politics can be understood and addressed. kumar, hari stephen, University of Massachusetts Amherst Performing English : A Decolonizing Autoethnography of a Postcolonial First Language In this performance autoethnography I invite us toward decolonizing the disparate narrative connections between colonial constructions of English as First/Foreign/Second Language and their implications for postcolonial subjects navigating transnational citizenships. I trouble the intersections of nationalism with masculinity involved in my lived experiences navigating the powerful linguistic identities in between communities for whom English fluency is a mark of treachery to one's "mother tongue." Speaking from an acknowledged position of unspeakable privilege accessed by performances of hegemonic complicity, I seek to disrupt the stability of multiple subject positions through an always moving polyvocal co-performance text. Kumar, Hari Stephen, University of Massachusetts, Amherst Solidarity (In)Difference See Sutton, Timothy Matthew Lee Kuntz, Aaron, University of Alabama Methodological Pathology: The Anxiety of Evidence This paper utilizes George Canguilhem's (1991) explication of the normal and the pathological to interpret contemporary manifestations of evidence in educational discourse as they dynamically appear at national and local levels. Against a backdrop of conservative modernization (Apple 2006), this paper shows the ways in which assertions about the evidence of inquiry establish normative and deviant methodological practices; the replication of deviant practices develops the identity of the pathological. In order to ground this paper's analysis, close readings are offered of national reports concerning educational research. Finally, this paper brings the developed analysis to an examination of how these issues play out at the local level, specifically an introductory graduate course on qualitative research in education. Student anxieties regarding evidence and bias are represented in classroom discussions and online postings.

148

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Kuntz, Aaron M., The University of Alabama The Influence of Materialistic Values and Activity Level on Physical Activity Location and Type Stephanie L Baller, Department of Health Sciences, & Aaron M Kuntz, Department of Psychology, Research Methodology, &Counseling; The University of Alabama See Baller, Stephanie L. Kuntz, Aaron M., The University of Alabama Location, Norms, and Materialism: Applying Lefebvre's Spatial Triad to College Student Physical Activity Stephanie L Baller, Department of Health Science, & Aaron Kuntz, Dept of Psychology Research Methodology &Counseling; The University of Alabama See Baller, Stephanie L. Kurdieh, Ibrahim, Duquesne University The Mark of My Name: Crisis at the Border This paper is an autoethnographic account of my experience as an ArabAmerican. I focus on elaborating two traumatizing border crossing experiences that made me painfully aware of the ways in which I am included and excluded in American as well as Arab societies. My name and my appearance render me a confusing hybrid: with a Caucasian appearance and an Arab and Muslim name, the moral implications of my "identity" are often terrifying and confusing for both myself and others. My experiential accounts are shaped by a phenomenological lens with spices of discourse theory. Kurtyilmaz, , Anadolu university Prevention of Antisocial Behaviors: Qualitative Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Turkish Version of First Step to Success Early Intervention Program See Diken, Ibrahim H. Kwakye, Chamara Jewel, UIUC Loud Silence: Performing the Research Interview This paper focuses on the ways in which Black women academics collectively produce knowledge. Using life history methods to mine the life stories of 3 dynamic and disparate Black female professors, this paper will discuss research findings based on fieldnotes, researcher journal, email correspondence and interview transcripts all through the medium of performance. Theoretical insights from Critical Race Theory, Queer Theory, Black Feminist Thought, and Narrative Inquiry will inform the performance to create an engaging and educational experience that blurs boundaries between traditional modes of academic demonstration, performance, and story-telling. This performance blurs boundaries between research and practice, theory and method, social science and humanities, and community and university creating a space for scholars to rethink the kinds of questions they are asking about a particular subject and the traditional qualitative research interview.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

149

Kyriakakis, Stavroula, Adelphi University Keeping and crossing boundaries: Negotiating identities in qualitative research See Quiros, Laura L__pez S_¯nchez, F_lix, Universidad de Salamanca The world's conception, contextual aspects, and psychological welfare of Chilean people, who had survived torture experiences due to political motifs for more than 30 years See Zapata Sepulveda, Pamela LaBont, Karen A., Teachers College, Columbia University I Thought I was Simply Blogging: Writing as Inquiry, NCLB, and a Graduate Course in Writing What can be learned about writing as a method of inquiry through the process of blogging? When I use a blog to reflect on my experience of teaching a graduate course with students who report having no memories of schooling without the presence of high-stakes testing, what happens to my perceptions of my students, my pedagogy, and the larger field of English Education? My presentation will take up these questions as I explore my experience of teaching a six-credit graduate course in writing nonfiction and the teaching of writing in the fall semester of 2009. Landrum, Brittany, Texas Christian University Traces of the Other: A Trip to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum See Garza, Gilbert Langley, L. Adair, Argosy University Panelists See Sutter, Judith A Larke, Patricia, Texas A&M University Stories of African-American Survivors of Natural Disasters - Paper 2 This paper will present the methodological considerations of qualitative research when reporting the stories of African-American survivors of natural disasters such as hurricanes Katrina, Rita and Ike. Although the events of each of these natural disasters were displayed for millions to view, most of the ordeals experienced by the individuals directly affected have not been fully explored.For some in the public, the mindset of society is that these events have passed and help for those who survived has arrived and/or is either on the way. The exclusion of these `lived stories' by the mass media may not be unintentional. With the advent of other `newsworthy' topics (newly elected President, the economy, etc.), those who have been affected by these natural disasters have now fallen victim to the man-made disaster of invisibility. One powerful way to challenge the dominant mindset of society_éåthe shared stereotypes, beliefs and understandings_éåis the telling of stories (Taylor, 1998).

150

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Larke, Patricia J, Texas A&M University Learning about Culturally Responsive Teaching in a Teacher Study Group: Experiences of Five Urban Teachers The educational community is searching for more meaningful professional development that will actively involve teachers in changing practices to equip them to respond to the challenges of working in diverse classrooms. As an alternative to traditional staff development, teacher study groups (TSGs) are driven by teachers and motivate the power of teachers' voices as they collaborate and work together to solve problems. This case study documented the experiences of five 7th and 8th grade urban middle school teachers who participated in a TGS that focused on culturally responsive teaching through a qualitative approach that used the constructivist and interpretivist paradigms. Six themes that emerged from the data were respecting students, upholding high expectations for students, offering stability, building relationships with students, being accommodating and caring. Larke, Patricia J, Texas A&M University Voices of Four Highly Efficacious Hispanic Teachers Sharing Their Stories The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the teacher self efficacy and the culturally responsive self efficacy of four Hispanic teachers who were credentialed by alternative and traditional programs. The research question that guided the study was: What are the voices of highly effective alternative certified teachers and traditionally certified Hispanic teachers who work in high priority schools serving Hispanic students? Semi-structured interviews were conducted with open ended questions to identify personal teaching qualities about their teacher self efficacy and culturally responsive efficacy. Six themes emerged about highly efficacious Hispanic teachers. These themes were high expectations, teacher student connection, previous work experience, school/parent relationships, self reflection and funds of knowledge. Lather, Patti, Ohio State Univ Methodology -21 This paper will explore the possibilities of a framework for doing qualitative research that works across layerings of 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 methodologies. What opens up in situating some practices as "dominant postpositivist" or "conventional interpretive methodology", or "first wave/second/third wave"? What is possible in terms of a certain simultaneity in working both within and against established practices toward the "always already" of that which begins to announce itself in terms of a futuring for qualitative research? In the "complex ecology" of qualitative research in the present moment, increasing efforts to "discipline" qualitative research are being met with resistances of various sorts. This paper situates itself within and beyond such efforts in negotiating kinds of practices that are on the edge of what is presently thinkable and doable in the name of qualitative research.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

151

Latz, Amanda O., Ball State University Paul Mooney, Tavis Smiley, Richard Pryor, Eddie Murphy, and Me: Flow in the Classroom? In a recent interview with Tavis Smiley, Paul Mooney described Richard Pryor and Eddie Murphy as comedians/actors who were/are able to completely give themselves over to the characters they portray(ed) on the screen and stage. Mooney went on express his admiration for these two actors because of their abilities to actually become their characters. As I watched this interview late one evening, my mind wandered to personal experiences with what Mihaly Csikszentmihalyl called flow. I was able to identify two salient episodes of `giving myself over' and experiencing flow: 1) playing the viola with the orchestra in middle school and 2) playing field hockey during the eight years of my competitive athletic career. At this point in my life I wonder, can I experience flow as an instructor of community college students? In this presentation, I will discuss my explorations and experiences of flow during an academic semester through autoethnography. Latz, Amanda O., Ball State University Power and Autoethnography: Dismantling the Distance The power differential between researcher and participants in autoethnographic work will be considered during this presentation. What happens when the researcher's membership in the cultural group he or she studies is nuanced through a structurally imposed imbalance of power and agency? Through an exploration of past and present autoethnographic research as a teacherresearcher and relevant anthropological and sociological literature, I will unpack the influences of researcher distance from participants as a function of unequal power. If educational spaces are viewed as cultural constructions, a foundation is laid for dismantling power differentials that exist between teacher-researchers and participants. The underlying perspective guiding this presentation is the notion that shifting the scales of power toward equality will decrease distance between the teacher-researcher and his or her participants, thereby carving space for a more authentic autoethnographic piece to emerge. Lawrence, Carrie, Indiana University Meaning Making of Family After Long Term Foster Care This qualitative, phenomenological study, using a photo elicitation approach, asked young adults, who have grown up in foster care and who have either been emancipated or who are no longer wards of the court, how they explain what family means to them. From existing literature we knew that a life without family for young adults is challenging, for both the individual and for society. Without family, these individuals may be at a higher risk for drug abuse, criminal behavior, homelessness, early parenthood, and untreated mental illness than adolescents who transition into adulthood with support of a family. Using photo elicitation techniques, in-depth, minimally structured personal interviews were conducted with six young adults who have transitioned out of foster care. Themes related to meanings attribution to the phenomenon of "family" as it is experienced as well as implications for their relationships and sense of will be described.

152

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Lea, Jemimah, Texas A&M University Stories of African-American Survivors of Natural Disasters - Paper 2 See Larke, Patricia Lee, Boh Young, University of Georgia Exploring Undergraduates' Understanding of Cultural Stories See Li, Pei-Fen Lee, Soowon, University of Wisconsin-Madison New Paradigm in Human Development: Integrating Person-Environment Since the mid-20th century, although researchers have tried to understand how each individual is becoming a social being, it has not been answered. We will argue that this puzzle cannot be solved because of dualistic assumption about each human and its environment: social environment is understood as separate entity from human. In this paper, using a model that integrates human and environment, we tried to reconceptualize perspectives on person and environment. In addition, through 2nd graders' math materials and activities, we will discuss methodological strategies for educational research to better understand more diversified human and dynamic environment in learning process and suggest scholars to rekindle efforts to understand to what extent humans create and modify the environment and to what degree the environment delimits and guides human activities, especially in radically changing learning environments. Lee, Soowon, University of Wisconsin-Madison Hiatus between Pre-service Teachers' Understanding of Early Learning Standards and Extant Beliefs in Teaching See Kim, Hyunjin Leon, Paola, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Weaving in Public Spaces: Peruvian Indigenous Women in Social Entrepreneurship Ventures This case study examines the personal experiences of indigenous women who participate in traditional weaving social entrepreneurship projects in the Chari community in Cusco, Peru. By using semi-structured interviews and participant observation, I explored the impact these projects have had in these women's personal, family and community lives. While weaving is a traditional female occupation in this community, commercialization of the product is not; commercialization is traditionally left to the male relatives of the weaver. Yet, these social entrepreneurship projects have managed to merge the two ­ production and sales of the products are the responsibility of the weaving group. This alters the traditional division of labor and moves indigenous women's weaving from a private to a public sphere. This shift provides the setting to examine what could constitute a major change in the way indigenous women view their roles and the influence they could have within their families and communities.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

153

Lescure, Ryan Michael, San Diego State University My Life in Song: A Narrative Ethnography Exploring Communication in Musical Jamming Experiences Jamming in music and sports is a fascinating phenomenon that often provides a transcendence of self through organized group activity. A good jam session inspires spontaneous communicative connections among those involved, often involving cooperation and an equalization of power among the group. This autoethnographic research involved immersing myself in the process of jamming and band practices to discover what separated good and bad jam sessions. Specifically, I engaged in participant observation, conducted interviews with my jam mates, and utilized reflexivity and memory, resulting in a wealth of examples of jam sessions. I found that what separated the good and bad jam sessions was either the presence or lack of the ability to transcend myself. Certain factors, including self-consciousness, prevented the positive communicative connection that occurs during a good jam session. It is clear that jamming can also lead to an open, unhindered expression of ideas in other contexts. Lester, Jessica, The University of Tennessee Reflexively Recounting and Re-representing Narratives of Suffering and Redemption through Ethnopoetics See Mariner, Nicholas Lester, Jessica Nina, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Using the Discursive Action Model to Understand Knowledge Claims in an Online Learning Environment See Paulus, Trena Lester, Jessica Nina, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Naming of the (Dis)abled: A Critical Performance See Gabriel, Rachel Lewis, Patrick, Story Telling/Telling Story: The Real and the Imaginary Story is central to human experience. In most things human, we begin and end with a story. Much has been written about narrative imagining and human understanding and how story is central to meaning making. So, is the story the thing? Or is it the telling? Is it both? Or is it something more, something else that transcends binary opposites? Listen, I'll tell you a story. Li, Pei-Fen, University of Georgia Exploring Undergraduates' Understanding of Cultural Stories The Mulan Ballad is well known in Chinese culture. In 1998, the Walt Disney Company made an animated movie based on the Mulan story. To understand cultural misconceptions presented in the Mulan movie, 43 participants watched the Mulan movie and read the Chinese Mulan ballad. A critical action research inquiry was applied to promote researchers and participants' cultural awareness through the research process. Data collected included results of analyzing different texts among researchers, questionnaires that the students filled out, inter-

154

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

actional dialogues between researchers and participants, and observation notes of class discussions. Narrative analysis and comparative analysis were used to examine the data. Results indicated that most participants were able to identify cultural differences including gender roles, marital expectation, moral values and power structures. Additionally, we noted how students' dominant cultural lens filtered their understanding of Chinese culture. Liao, En-Hui, Kaohsiung Normal University A Study on the effect of L2 Test Anxiety and L2 Test-Taking Strategies on L2 Reading Test Performance of College Students in Taiwan This study is a quasi- experimental study which attempts to explore the interrelation of Test Anxiety (TA) and Test-Taking Strategies (TTS) and their combined effect on English reading proficiency test performance in a second language context. The study involves two groups of participants with similar English proficiency, one as a control group and one as an experimental group. Pretest and pre-questionnaire were given to illustrate participants' anxiety level and reading proficiency, and later be compared with posttest and post-questionnaire to investigate the differences before and after TTS instruction. Test-taking Strategy instruction was given to experimental group to investigate its effect of reducing TA and promoting English reading proficiency. The results showed that there was a significant improvement in experimental group after the treatment. Moreover, TTS instruction did significantly reduce text anxiety. Liao, En-Shu Robin, State University of New York-Fredonia Multiculturalism or Not: Disrupting Appropriated Narratives in Teaching Diversity Ever since multicultural education became an NCATE accreditation requirement in 1979, it receives attention in the field of teacher education. Lively contestations characterize its theoretical developments, curriculum designs, and pedagogical practices. Current debates on whether multiculturalism "works" or not, however, perturbs troops of cheerful teacher researchers celebrating the success of multicultural education. In response to such questioning, the author reexamines complexities of multicultural education, particularly the research gaps and silences between theory and practice. By addressing the issue of representation and investigating how narratives of "others" often are appropriated in the teaching of "diversity," the author challenges such appropriations, especially by those who essentialize practices of multicultural education without fully theorizing its multiple conceptual frameworks or possible representations. Liao, En-Shu Robin, State University of New York, College of Fredonia The Forgotten Land of Multicultural Teacher Education: Have We Done Enough to Prepare Rural Pre-Service Teachers? Theoretically in the light of multicultural teacher education and critical multiculturalism, the author revisits the complexity of teaching of and for diversity. By situating her case study at a rural teacher preparation program, the gaps and silences that exist between theory and practice, as well as those on multicultural courses between urban and rural settings, are reexamined. In addition, the author argues that one's prior knowledge and subjectivity inform one's instructional goals, curriculum planning and teaching practices. Without being

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

155

self reflexive, it is impossible to gain transformative multicultural knowledge. As Gary Howard suggests that one cannot teach what one does not know, this paper suggests teacher educators to consider adapting autoethnographical narratives as a possible teaching strategy to challenge pre service teachers to engage in self interrogating and monitoring reflexive processes. Liggett, Tonda, Washington State University Vancouver Post-Colonial Education: Duoethnography as an Act of Decolonization See Sawyer, Richard Lim, Julie, San Francisco State Univesity Moving, Death and Divorce Moving, Death and Divorce are three of the main stressors in life. Where does each begin and how do these parts of life intersect and overlap to shape our relationships? All three impact the communities we inhabit and all three shape the communities that either come together to support us or disperse and abandon us in these times of crisis. Is it possible to separate these life forces? When investigating them together, can we begin to see the ways in which society might help us navigate through these spaces of liminality, helping us to forge new relationships, secure old ones and create new identities which move away from the stigmatized limitations of the past? Lincoln, Yvonna, Texas A&M University Voices on Voice: Decisions to Engage Cross-Cultural and Cross-Language Research See González y González, Elsa Lindle, Jane Clark, Clemson University Teacher Frustration in an Era of Standardized Tests: Results of Public Engagement Studies in South Carolina Over 2100 comments were generated from web and phone surveys of 6500 South Carolina stakeholders on refining SC's school accountability policy. Teachers' responses dominated the web surveys. Many commented on caveats for student learning. Many questioned the wisdom of standardized tests for students in poverty, students with disabilities, and English Language Learners. "If we are going to measure simply on a single test date to assess a child's progress, we are not taking into account what teachers have to [do] each day. What about the student whose mother was murdered by his dad?" [White educator, age 35-44, Masters degree]. This paper highlights teachers' concerns about learning under the constraints of standardized testing using NVIVO as a mechanism to reveal their frustrationwith the disconnect between students' lives and evidence of learning. Linno, Merle, University of Tartu Construction of Professional Narrative in Qualitative Social Work Research: the Role of Researcher's Connection with Practice This paper focuses on the process of interaction during data producing in qualitative social work research. Data producing in qualitative interview

156

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

research is always a mutual meaning-making between the interviewer and interviewees. In our recent research two of us, one former child protection worker and one probation officer, interviewed their former colleagues. The differences both in the process of co-creation and the content of professional narratives became obvious while the interviewer and interviewee were former colleagues in social work practice (insider) or not (outsider). The differences reflect the level of `trust' between different parts of Estonian social work. Lippman, Angie, University of Texas at Austin Identity Distortion: A Qualitative Exploration of Adolescents in Treatment Multiple and overlapping risk factors impact identity formation for contemporary adolescents. Implications for mental health and substance abuse problems arise when trauma and violence are present. Utilizing the process of analytic induction. this paper explores the phenomenon of identity distortion among adolescents in treatment. Negotiating a process which often presents youth with conflicting perspectives and ideals, identity distortion occurs when youth attempt to integrate these polemic views with their own. The ability to withstand and integrate these challenges successfully increases a youth's chances of positive experiences in treatment and beyond. Implications for practice are included in this paper, as clinicians must assist adolescents in navigating this arduous developmental task. Lizama Estrada, Hebelth Hamlet, Normal de Dzidzant__n Meaning of the teaching practice Meaning of the teaching practice for the students qualifications: theoretically the teaching practice favors the training of teachers, but very little is known how the student normal conceives the meaning of this experience. The study phenomenological sought know the meaning of the teaching practice for pupils qualifications. The results indicate that the meaning of the teaching practice is not consistent between what is expected and what is from their experiences for the pupils studying for teachers in the area maya of Mexico in the Normal School in Dzidzantún. Llosa, Sandra, Universidad de Buenos Aires El Enfoque Biografico en Investigacion Cualitativa El Enfoque Biografico en Investigacion Cualitativa: Desafios y Aportes desde la Perspectiva de la Educacion Permanente. Sandra Llosa. Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Educacion. Universidad de Buenos AiresSe presentan aspectos del estudio de biografias educativas en una investigacion doctoral cuyo abordaje cualitativo incluye instancias participativas. Forma parte de un proyecto marco que ha diagnosticado la situacion de pobreza educativa de jovenes y adultos de Argentina (Directora: Sirvent). Se comparten aspectos del relevamiento y analisis de relatos de vida. Se destaca la identificacion de turning points como marco comprensivo para la generacion de categorias desde la empiria y se reflexiona sobre el aporte del enfoque biografico desde la perspectiva de la educacion permanente para el logro del derecho a la educacion a lo largo de la vida.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

157

Lockford, Lesa, Bowling Green State University Blood Letting: A Requiem for the Myth of Sisterhood Tales told in the Information Age traverse once discrete discursive borders with the click of a mouse. As the circulation of our tales cannot now but exceed our control, I ask how our obligations to those we do place or have placed in our tales have changed. In this tale of lament, mourning, and interment I sound out disciplinary caveats that sanction the letting of tales that breach the hitherto private realm of family lore against the taken-for-granted idealized cultural tale of harmonious sisterhood and the singular story of a "treacherous" childhood. Lockler, Tori, University of South Florida Grieving the Loss of an Inappropriate Relationship This paper explores the disenfranchised grief of a stigmatized adolescent relationship (defined as ages 17-24) through an autoethnographic account. Disenfranchised grief is associated with mourning the loss of a relationship or loved one that it is not considered socially acceptable to mourn. When a relationship deemed inappropriate or stigmatized ends, often the suffering individual does not receive support from friends and family as they would in a relationship deemed appropriate. This paper details moments in the relationship and the analyzes the healing process that occurred without the emotional support of interpersonal connections. Loh, Jason, Nanyang Technological University A Narrative Study of the Journey of a Beginning Tr The school system exacts an undeniable amount of pressure on beginning teachers. It is essential to understand what it means to be a teacher, the nature of the personal and practical knowledge teachers bring to their teaching and how that knowledge is shaped by the contexts in which they work. Learning to teach is a process of becoming, of transforming; of scrutinizing what one is doing and becoming (Britzman 1991). This study is an exploration of the process of becoming a teacher contextualized in the journey of a beginning teacher from pre-service training to his first year of teaching. My interest lies in the phenomenological study of becoming a teacher through a narrativization of the process. I seek to listen to the teacher's voice and to sieve out the stories that shaped the teacher's beliefs and classroom practices through the use of narrative inquiry (Connelly & Clandinin 1990). Lomagno, Claudia, UBA Una investigacion accion participativa en los barr See Sirvent, Mar__a Teresa londo_Òo, maria adelaida, Universidad Santo Tom_¯s Medellin La ley penal y los efectos del lenguaje en el comportamiento de los hinchas en equipos de futbol de Medell__n El futbol una actividad l__dica sin__nimo de salud y recreaci__n, est_¯ generando un problema social, la investigaci__n del semillero en ciencias penales y sociedad de la Universidad Santo Tom_¯s intuye que desde el lenguaje utilizado por fanaticada, medios de comunicaci__n, futbolistas se repercute en los graves

158

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

problemas de violencia que est_¯ generando el futbol llegando incluso a aumentar la cifra de muertes violentas. Indagamos a trav_s de una metodolog__a cualitativa inicialmente con instrumentos de medici__n dise_Òados para este grupo cr__tico, por estos factores para luego establecer una correlaci__n con el Derecho penal y las pol__ticas p__blicas que en la ciudad de Medell__n se han tomado para el efecto, ofreciendo as__ una lectura cualificada de este fen__meno social. Londono-Orrego, Sandra Milena, University of Antioquia Construccion de significados de la ecuacion lineal Un factor relacionado con la crisis del aprendizaje de las matematicas escolares es su poca articulacion con contextos socioculturales. Nuestra investigacion, desarrollada a traves del estudio de casos, caracteriza la construccion de significados relativos al concepto de ecuacion lineal con estudiantes de ultimo grado de secundaria mediante la modelacion matematica de contextos reales. Al analizar las interacciones, expresiones y significados particulares, determinamos la importancia de la modelacion como una estrategia que promueve en el estudiante una resignificacion de la "realidad" y le permite posicionarse de manera critica frente a los requerimientos de la sociedad. Londono, Rene, University of Antioquia Magister See Rendon, Rodrigo Lovegrove, Dawn, University of Massachusetts Amherst Arroz the rice: a dialogue on race, gender, and identity See Correa, Ellen Loytonen, Teija H, Theatre Academy Helsinki Collaborative Inquiry in Context: Lessons Learnt from the Art of Dance Collaborative Inquiry is a topic of growing interest in different fields of research: especially in adult education, feminist research and action research. The central notion in collaboration is democracy: encouraging participation and avoiding hierarchical and elitist approach to research enterprise. One of the key principles in collaborative inquiry is reflection on experience. However, the many notions on reflection have often emphasized only its individual and written or linguistic nature. In my proposed paper presentation I will discuss the collective and embodied modes of reflection as ways of enhancing democratic knowledge creation. I will stress the importance of being sensitive to the different contexts in which collaborative inquiry is conducted, in my case dance art. Lozano, Aldo, Universidad de Guadalajara Cultural conceptions about HIV/AIDS in Latin-Americans Countries: Bolivia, Chile & Mexico See Torres, Teresa

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

159

Lozano, Aldo, Universidad de Guadalajara Concepciones culturales del VIH/SIDA en tres paise See Torres, Teresa Lu, Ling-Ying, Edinburgh The Mid Level Actor Predicament: Local Educational Authority in Educational Policy Process in Taiwan This study aims to understand the role of local educational authority in the practice of the mixed-ability grouping policy in Taiwan. As the middle level actor, local educational authority is not only endowed with responsibility, but placed in a predicament within which conflicts are embedded. Utilizing documentary analysis of policy texts and media reports, and interview with officers in two local educational authorities, this study explores the local situations, the considerations and the actions of two local educational authorities. The techniques of discourse analysis and content analysis are applied to analyse collected data. The results suggest that local educational authorities develop strategies to on the one hand conform to the policy but also make space for schools to manipulate practice. The complicated concerns of local educational authority among the ideology, the practical issues and the political conflicts within the policy are also documented. Luj_¯n Ponce, Noem__, Universidad Aut__noma Metropolitana Investigaci__n cualitativa: el falso debate entre l La metodolog__a cualitativa es m_¯s que un asunto de elecci__n de t_cnicas de investigaci__n. La reducci__n de la discusi__n metodol__gica a cuestiones t_cnicas ha generado debates est_riles entre los defensores del dato "duro" y los partidarios del trabajo de campo. La conceptualizaci__n de la metodolog__a como l__gica del proceso de investigaci__n permite recuperar las implicaciones te__ricas, epistemol__gicas y _ticas de la elecci__n del enfoque cualitativo. Desde esta perspectiva, la metodolog__a cualitativa aparece como una forma de pensar y de construir v__nculos con la realidad, m_¯s que como una colecci__n de t_cnicas de investigaci__n. lujan, Jose fernando, universidad Santo tom_¯s Medellin La ley penal y los efectos del lenguaje en el comportamiento de los hinchas en equipos de futbol de Medell__n See londo_Òo, maria adelaida Ma, Zhiying, U Chicago Biomedical Hegemony and Cultural Resistance: A Case of Schizophrenia Biomedicine has been criticized for ignoring the meaning context of illness, and not reflexive of its embeddedness in Western ethnocentrism. This study looks at how Chinese patients and family members used alternative narratives and practices to resist the psychiatric concept of schizophrenia, and its underlying cultural assumptions of individualistic personhood, mind-body dualism and biological reductionism. With this example, we advocate a "Janus-faced approach" (Jenkins & Barrett, 2004, pp.13) of ethnopsychiatric studies to work with the biomedical concepts as currently defined, and on the other hand, sub-

160

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

ject them to cultural critique by looking at how culture shapes subjectivity, and how cultural ideologies are mobilized to resist biomedical hegemony. Mabasa, Layane Thomas, University of Limpopo Not in Our School: Whose Voice is it? This paper is based on the baseline study that was conducted in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. It looked at the prevailing situation in schools and the extent to which schools are friendly to students. Seventy five schools were identified. The schools were visited for observation. Interviews were held with students and principals. Documents were requested from the schools. Findings of the study were given to the schools that participated in the study. Voices of students about their schools became a contentious issue. The paper reflects on these issues and the reaction of some of the stakeholders in schools. Macdonald, Rona , University of Toronto "Raveling and Unraveling Qualitative Learning: The Qualitative Salon as a Learning Community" See Daum, Christine MacDonnell, Judith Ann, York University Tensions Encountered in Fostering Participatory Dimensions of a Life History Policy Study In this qualitative policy study I explored the relationship between policy and nurses using a critical feminist lens and comparative life history methodology. Consistent with health promotion research that aims to improve the lives of women and marginalized groups, this study focused on Canadian female nurses' political advocacy in relation to lesbian health. I examine conceptual and methodological aspects of the research that were relevant to an inquiry that aimed to be a participatory policy project. A critical feminist lens, with its focus on gender and complex relations of power, was a key factor in shaping the study design's participatory elements. Machado, Aparecido Reis, Universidade Estadual Paulista-UNESP Pesquisa qualitativa: instrumento de interdiscipli See Filho, M_¯rio Jos_ Machida, Tomohisa, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Preparing Teachers for English Learners in ESL/EFL International Contexts What qualities are needed to be a teacher of English language learners? Lucas and Grinberg (2008) argued that all teachers needed to have four categorized language-related qualities (experience, attitudes and beliefs, knowledge, and skills) for teaching English language learners because of linguistic and cultural diversity in current classrooms. We applied their ideas not only to ESL settings but also to EFL settings in Japan, Korea, Indonesia, and the U.S. Throughout reviewing prior studies, we compared the issues in those two settings, discussed similarities and differences of qualities of pre-service and in-service for teaching English language learners, and make recommendations for teacher education to prepare teachers to work in ESL and EFL contexts internationally.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

161

MacKenzie, Sarah, Bucknell University Blurring and Becoming: A poetic mosaic of student teachers (re)encounters with self and pedagogy Teaching is vulnerable work where self and other enter into intimate encounters that can change one's sense of self and purpose within the world. Through this poetic rendering I seek to piece together a story of communal becoming within the space of a student teaching seminar. From the first day, student teachers were asked to engage in writing practices that placed them in the position of reflective inquirer as they tried to make sense of what they observed in the communities where they would be/were teaching while acknowledging their own desires and sense of experience. The work was collaborative and ongoing as students engaged with one another's words and began to (re)write their relationships with themselves, the community, their peers, and practice. Boundaries were blurred, selves disrupted as student teachers began to engage with their own positions and perceptions of the world around them, (re)encountering pedagogy in a space of praxis. MacLure, Maggie, Manchester Metropolitan University The "Terrible Powers" of the Example The paper argues that poststructural theorizing has become somewhat disengaged from the doing of qualitative research, and explores the power of `exemplary method' (Massumi, 2002: 17). Such a method exploits the play of the example _éç a single instance that nevertheless `stands for' other instances. Examples necessarily involve details, therefore conceptual development is worked through singularity. Yet in their loose liaison with that which they `stand for', examples are productively unstable sites for the proliferation of connections. `Every example harbors terrible powers of deviation and digression' (Massumi, 18). This is their strength. The paper works some examples from recent research. Maclure, Maggie, Manchester Metro Univ. Monsters: Teratological Inquiry The paper argues that qualitative method continues to be contaminated by that which it has tried to surpass. We have flourished our flawed imaginaries of failure, loss, disappointment, ruin, trouble, disconcertion, rupture, stuttering and mourning, but in practice, have found it hard to avoid interpretive mastery and rhetorical closure. We have argued for new forms of relationality and responsibility; but most research encounters are still regulated by liberal-humanist ethics and Habermasian notions of free dialogue. This produces only knowledge that everyone can tolerate, and inadvertently colludes with the work of audit by suppressing idiom and diversity. The paper offers some examples of research that tries to engage shifting speeds, scales and intensities, the exquisite recalcitrance. It focuses on `monstrous' data where the `taxonomic disorder' that insists in qualitative research becomes disconcertingly apparent. MacLure, Maggie, Manchester Metropolitan University Touching Objects See Holmes, Rachel

162

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

MacLure, Maggie, Manchester Metropolitan University Liminal Objects See Holmes, Rachel MacLure, Maggie, Manchester Metropolitan University The Discipline of Objects See Holmes, Rachel MacRae, Christina, Manchester Metropolitan University Touching Objects See Holmes, Rachel MacRae, Christina, Manchester Metropolitan University Liminal Objects See Holmes, Rachel MacRae, Christina, Manchester Metropolitan University The Discipline of Objects See Holmes, Rachel Madonick, Mike, Wabi-Sabi We are making history all the time--but not all of our experiences are as significant as others. Often, it takes the gift of time to register and regard those instances that are noteworthy in the creation of our identities. The literary critic, M. L. Rosenthal referred to Robert Lowell's movement toward "confessionalism" as an integration of "personal icons." I like to think that when I am writing about my own history that I am exhibiting those moments that have contributed to the topography of my "self." I will be reading two short non-fiction pieces and a brief essay that are connected by several themes--sport, rule, family and devotion--to mention a few. Maestre, Katiuska, Universidad Central de Venezuela Los Consejos Comunales Realidades y Perspectivas Los Consejos Comunales en Venezuela, desde el marco legal implican el ejercicio de democracia participativa y protagonica y se plantean ser el medio para que las comunidades organizadas asuman directamente la gestion de politicas y proyectos para atender sus necesidades en la busqueda de una sociedad de equidad y justicia social. Esta investigacion analiza estos procesos desde su relacion y articulacion con las instituciones del Estado y con base a experiencias concretas comprender como esta relacion incide en las capacidades de la comunidad para gestionar las soluciones a sus problemas y el logro de los objetivos que justificaron su creacion

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

163

Maietta, Raymond C., ResearchTalk Inc. Putting Coding in Its Proper Place: Making Informed Choices About the Role of and Place for Coding in Qualitative Analysis This Spotlight Session critically examines the role of coding in Qualitative Analysis. As a tool for categorization, coding helps qualitative researchers organize and understand information in more systematic ways. The centrality of this task in any qualitative analysis project varies greatly. In some cases an analysis is conducted with pure "code and retrieve" approaches to work with textual data. In other instances, coding is a tool that supplements memo writing, diagramming and profiling key cases. Panel members discuss the use of coding for interpretive analysis, coding within grounded theory methodology, coding within mixed methods projects, the role of coding with qualitative software in spatially integrated social science and understanding qualitative data with little to no coding. The session concludes with panel members and the audience engaging in debate about the `proper' place for coding in qualitative analysis. Maldonado, Cynthia, University of Puerto Rico Co construcciones del cancer de mama En Puerto Rico el cancer de mama es una de las enfermedades cronicas de mas alta prevalencia. Asi la experiencia de esta enfermedad en el pais ha sido muy investigada tanto desde dise_Òos cuantitativos como desde perspectivas individuales. Sin embargo el estudio que aqui se presenta utilizo un dise_Òo cualitativo de investigacion y explora otras perspectivas de la experiencia con el cancer de mama. Se presenta el analisis utilizando la teoria fundamentada de cinco narrativas co construidas por cinco parejas puertorrique_Òas que han experimentado el cancer de mama. Malthouse, Marina, bristol The Women's `Love' Collective Biography: Extracts and Critical Thoughts See Rippin, Ann Mann-Williams, Angie, Virginia Commonwealth University Our Experiences Living And Learning As Constructivist Researchers See Brady, Shane R. Manning, Debra, Monash University Living a struggle with difference in a place least expected: a story of new possibilities This paper tells a story of passion, rage, despair and finally transformation through the lived experience of a research project that went wrong. Embarking on a traditional research project to explore ways fellow lecturers valued cultural differences in their classroom teaching, I encountered very different responses than expected. Raging privately at their views, I struggled with my power as the researcher. Engulfed by an ethical maelstrom, my values and beliefs about knowledge and ways of knowing came to the foreground. Exploring this unknown part of me created new possibilities of knowing and I embraced poetic story writing. In a flash of insight I saw that throughout the research process I had been living a struggle with difference- in the place I least expected to find

164

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

it- in the responses of my colleagues, who I assumed thought like me, I found difference. Manry Pourchier, Nicole, Georgia State University Confessions of a Fairy Godmother: Affairs with Gender, the Arts, and Pierre Bourdieu In this paper, I discuss how theory and art shape my perceptions of self and how I choose to represent the world and myself. Through story, visual art, and theoretical analysis, I invite the audience to interpret autoethnographic works of art, and to make conclusions about how I have come to see my role as mother within the context of gender construction. I explore art is as a method of inquiry and mode of representation as I reflect on how my readings of Bourdieu shaped how I view art, gender, society and culture Mansilla, Juan, Universidad Catolica de Temuco INTERSUBJETIVIDAD COMO RESPUESTA METODOLOGICA A LA Historicamente en la region de la Araucania han existido relaciones interculturales entre el Estado chileno y el pueblo mapuche suscitando aproximaciones multidisciplinarias de la comunidad cientifica. La practica investigativa se ha realizado desde un oportunismo metodologico tendiente a generar objetividad excluyendo la subjetividad y el compromiso del saber cientifico con la vida del otro: mapuches campesinos pescadores y urbanos marginales.Estos estudios develan dimensiones metodologicas-epistemologicas y eticas-politicas que han abordado estos mundos desde la tradicion cientifica instrumental. Asi la intersubjetividad aparece como respuesta a la crisis de la razon metodologica para abordar la otredad historica presente en la Araucania. Manwell, Anita, Ball State University The Expectant Researcher A qualitative researcher must not only look toward the completion of writing a dissertation, but he or she must bask in the process of the study. It is not just the study itself that impacts the researcher; it is the self-reflection and discovery of qualitative research that leads to a memorable experience. I compare the researcher to an expectant mother awaiting the birth of her unborn child. Both individuals experience overwhelming emotions. The goal is to share my personal journey of qualitative research. Mariani, Bruno, Campinas Reflections about Health Management Teaching at an Undergraduate Medicine Program in Campinas' University (Unicamp), Brazil See Carvalho, Sergio Mariani, Bruno, Campinas Contributions of Implicational Analysis to Health and Educational Inquiries in Brazil See Carvalho, Sergio Resende

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

165

Mariner, Nicholas, University of Tennessee - Knoxville Developing a Historical Ethnography: Suggestions for Qualitative Research I propose a paper discussing my efforts to develop a historical ethnography of a segregated black high school in East Tennessee. I will discuss the benefits in implementing a methodology of historical ethnography as opposed to an oral history. Historical ethnography, I argue, links the past experiences and recollections offered by the participants to their constructions of identity and group in the present. This methodology attempts to transcend the "fact-finding" process of oral history to develop a more nuanced understanding of how memory , narrative and self-presentation inform qualitative research. My study comes from a postcritical position that seeks to maintain the primacy of the participants' language and emotion in defining critique and historical knowledge. I will offer a methodology that provides new avenues for exploring historical research through available qualitative approaches that connect it meaningfully to processes of power and group-identity construction. Mariner, Nicholas, University of Tennessee - Knoxville Reflexively Recounting and Re-representing Narratives of Suffering and Redemption through Ethnopoetics The purpose of this presentation is to illustrate how ethnopoetics may be used to explore and re-represent the layered and complex meanings shared within narratives of suffering and redemption. Drawing upon research with students who attended a segregated black high school in the 1960s, as well as the narratives of adults with dis/ability labels, we consider how ethnopoetics is particularly suited to reflexively recount lived experiences often told within the arc of suffering, redemption, and hope. We also point to the ways in which this mode of re-representation provides us with a way to unpack our own tacit beliefs and taken-for-granted assumptions. For the presentation, we will discuss these ideas and provide some ethnopoetic work to demonstrate our intended direction. Mario-Alberto, Flores-Angel, Universidad de Guadalajara Manifestaciones religiosas en torno al Santo Ni_Òo Manifestaciones religiosas en torno al Santo Ni_Òo de Mezquitic cuyos peregrinos le tienen una fe inversamente proporcional al tama_Òo de su efigie capilla y econom__a de la comunidad en la que se le venera en Jalisco Mexico. Son conocidos los enclaves religiosos por los millones de fieles que los visitan insertos en peque_Òas comunidades durante las fiestas patronales o porque a lo largo del a_Òo reciben excursiones en las que incluyen la visita a varios templos. Asimismo son celebres las capillitas que al paso del tiempo y de peregrinos se transforman en santuarios se cuente o no con algun milagro fundacional.Lo que no se puede percibir hasta que se entrevista a algunos de los miles de peregrinos es la razon de la veneracion a esta imagen cuya talla es descrita por vox populi: Ni_Òo del Cacahuatito. Marrun, Norma, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Why don't you love her? In my autoethnography I reconstruct fragments of my life to reexamine how the political and economical relationship between Mexico and the U.S. affected my relationship with my mother. In my story I examine the global and social

166

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

circumstances that reproduce gender, class, racial, and immigration discourses. I interrogate my emotions and memories of immigration laws such as Proposition 187 and my adoption process. My legal status in this country has changed, but my childhood memories of the impact of discriminatory U.S. laws and policies affecting my family and community have served me as reminders of my pursuit for social change through my education. Marshall, Jane Marie, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Social work, identity (trans-)formation, and nontraditional pedagogic methods Social work and social-cultural anthropology are intertwined and should remain inseparable. This interpretive inquiry performance uses nontraditional pedagogic methods to teach audiences (e.g., students, academics, and the public) about the complexity of social work. Social work is a widely diverse and complex discipline, wrought with subjectivity, dichotomy and ethics. The methods used in this piece are aesthetic and include narration, video, voiceover, and dance. This interpretive performance rests on the premise that audiences reach their own conclusions about social phenomena by seeing and doing. In doing, one is identifying and going through the process of identity formation and transformation. Finally, this piece will demonstrate how to develop the potential for learning, or augment one's potential, through interpretive inquiry pedagogic techniques. Martin Garcia, Antonio, Universidad de Salamanca "Gender violence experiences of urban adult indigenous women from the north of Chile" See Sanchez Gomez, Maria Cruz Martin, Viv, Bristol Authorship and Ownership within the Bristol Collaborative Writing Group (BCWG): Negotiating Uncertainty, Ambivalence and Ambiguity As a longstanding collaborative group committed to explorations of subjectivity/collectivity, we have encountered tensions between the desire to privilege our collective voice and academia's pressure for personal publications. We have negotiated issues of authorship, ownership and voice within the constraints of institutional pressures. We try to subvert and challenge the conventions of academic writing, and to gaze critically at our various assumptions and expectations; in this hard fought struggle, we fall, and we hurt, we hang on in there and are held, we feel invisible, and yet are seen. In this performance we are multiple voices, invisible presence, and continual negotiation. Martin, Viv, University of Bristol Illness, Paradox, and Identity Transformations With a professional background in counselling and teaching, and following the major disruption of life-threatening illness and neurosurgery, I ventured into autobiographical writing. This, together with an emerging interest in narrative, led me to undertake a PhD: a narrative inquiry with four people who had experienced major illness and its effects on identity construction. In the back of my mind (and occasionally the front), was the thought that I might not live long

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

167

enough to complete my research. However, I graduated in February 2009, and in this presentation I reflect on paradox, healing, and identity transformations. martinez, Adriana zapata, Universidad de Caldas Migracion internacional y remesas: ¿una opción par Las familias transnacionales al igual que otras familias, no son unidades biológicas per se, sino construcciones sociales o "comunidades imaginadas", que están atravesadas por relaciones de poder y de desigualdad (Brayson ? Vuorela, 1992) que se manifiesta en las relaciones de género, pues como lo señala Calveiro (2005), las relaciones de género constituyen una de las líneas de poder familiar, donde se configuran relaciones asimétricas."Una de las dimensiones de la desigualdad, que acompaña este proceso migratorio, son las relaciones de género, entendidas éstas como las relaciones sociales a través de las cuales las acciones, posiciones y representaciones de hombres y mujeres son socialmente construidas y estructuran relaciones de poder y desigualdad" (Herrera, 2005, p. 84)Inicialmente la falta de oportunidades, el desempleo, las bajas remuneraciones y el empobrecimiento - en el país de origen _éç lleva a que muchas mujeres, especialmente jefes de hogar Martinez, Alejandra, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba Representations of norms and objective conditions of existence: the basis of gender discomfort This paper shows part of the results of a qualitative research which main objective was to identify gender representations in males and females and relate them to their different objective conditions of existence. We link the variation of the representations to three objective conditions of existence: access into cultural and economic capital, relative position of one and the other member of the couple in relation to the provision of resources to the home and the type of family frame in which the subject habitus were raised.To conclude we relate representations/objective conditions of existence and what we call gender discomfort. Martinez, Antar, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona Changing Metaphors: From Intervention to Involvement In health and social sciences the idea of social or psychosocial Intervention is of widespread and ordinary use. It is so established in the in the academic slang and imaginary that it is hardly ever defined or characterized and even less problematized. Even though it is a common place or a naturalized metaphor the notion of Intervention contributes to shape the relationship between academic or professional subjects such as social workers and psychologists and other participants in a social transformation project. In this paper we aim to approach critically the notion of Intervention and to discuss its implications for applied social sciences. We draw on the ideas pointing discourse and narrative as active constructors of reality and relationships to argue for a change of metaphors. We conclude by proposing the notion of Involvement as an alternative to Intervention in the fields of social transformation and applied social sciences.

168

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Martinez, Carolina, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana (Xochimilco) Que Hacen los Medicos con el Sufrimiento Emocional La medicina ha estado comprometida ancestralmente con el alivio del sufrimiento. Se ocupa de momentos especialmente dificiles de la experiencia humana. En nuestros dias el avance cientifico y tecnologico ofrece recursos para aliviar el dolor f__sico. Pero el sufrimiento emocional se deja de lado. En este trabajo analizo desde una perspectiva psicoanalitica las observaciones que al respecto me ofrecen varios estudiantes de medicina de una universidad publica mexicana mientras realizan su internado de pregrado en hospitales para poblacion de bajos niveles de ingreso. Me pregunto por los recursos que la formacion profesional ofrece hoy dia para atender al sufrimiento emocional. Martinhago, Fernanda, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina RESEARCHING THE RESEARCH: PRELIMINARY REPORTS ON A STUDY ON DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION IN BRAZIL See Oliveira, Walter Ferreira Martinhago, Fernanda, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina RESEARCHING THE RESEARCH: PRELIMINARY REPORTS ON A STUDY ON DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL See Oliveira, Walter Ferreira Martinic, Sergio, Pontificia Universidad Cat__lica de Chile Participaci__n ciudadana en el dise_Òo de la pol__tic See Arg_ßelles, Patricia Marty, Jillian, University of Massachusetts Amherst Yo Soy Boricua! But I don't know what that means Yo Soy Boricua! But I don't know what that means. Beba exclaims as she walks around the room. What do you think it means to be Puerto Rican? I don't know_éÙ Well we eat a lot of good food and have some good music so it must mean that we got talent. What does it mean does it mean to be Puerto Rican? What happens when your identity defines your existence? What does identity and learning about one's own history mean when you are young? Mastache, Anah__, Universidad de Buenos Aires Mi relaci__n con el saber didactico: un relato autoetnografico See Monetti, Elda Mastache, Anah__, Universidad de Buenos Aires Reconociendo la complejidad: decisiones metodologicas singulares See Monetti, Elda Mauricio, Daniel, Federal University of Santa Catarina A utilizacao do oleo essencial de Citrus sinensis nos transtornos de humor e ansiedade dos nadadores de alto-rendimento da Unisul See Rotta, Tatiana

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

169

Maxwell, Joseph, Advancing the Borders of Mixed Methods Inquiry See Greene, Jennifer C Mayan, Maria J, University of Alberta "Raveling and Unraveling Qualitative Learning: The Qualitative Salon as a Learning Community" See Daum, Christine Mayan, Maria J., University of Alberta Principles and Practices of Community-Based ResearchComparing Health and Heritage Studies Community-based research (CBR) is an umbrella sheltering a wide array of research traditions and practices. With the move toward greater involvement of the researcher in advocating social justice, the number and variety of CBR projects has mushroomed, largely in marginalized or indigenous communities. CBR practice varies enormously according to the degree of involvement and control by the community over the research design, process, and products, the amount of advocacy engaged in by the researcher, the level of outside involvement by corporate or governmental bodies, and other dimensions. In this presentation, we will outline key principles and practices of CBR in North America. The presenters, one a health researcher, the other an archaeologist, show how CBR plays out in two vastly different domains-- health and heritage -- in an attempt to identify commonalities and differences exhibited by this growing research tradition in divergent settings. Mayne, Hope, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Innovative Action in Teacher Education Research in teacher education has been influenced by theory and practice as well as through the emerging tensions between the two. This panel employs four different perspectives on teacher education and offers critiques and thus provides new frameworks. Panelists 1 and 2 examine how post-colonial and critical theory may counter dominant constraining practices. Panelists 3 and 4 discuss Professional Development Schools and entrepreneurial education as avenues for informing new ways to approach the field of teacher education. MAYORGA, CECILIA JEANETTE, UNIVERSIDAD DE LA FRONTERA ESTUDIO CASO Y TEORIA FUNDADA EN GERENCIA SOCIAL See GALVEZ, JOSE LUIS Mayuzumi, Kimine, OISE/UT In-between Japan and the West: A decolonizing journey with the Indigenousknowledge framework In this paper, I will unpack my decolonizing journey that I began in my doctoral studies after encountering the Indigenous-knowledge framework. In doing so, I will centre an autoethnographical account of exploration as a graduate female student who was born and raised in rural Japan and conducted a life history interview with a rural Japanese female elder. The purpose of this paper is

170

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

to illustrate the possibilities and challenges of Indigenous-knowledge framework for those who have been fragmented and colonized by the dominant ways of thinking as well as misrepresentation of minoritized groups in a transnational context. Mazzei, Lisa, Gonzaga University Thinking With Theory In Teaching Qualitative Data Analysis See Jackson, Alecia Youngblood Mazzei, Lisa A., Gonzaga University Not What Does it Mean, but What Does it Do? In a previous analysis of data from two teacher education courses I identified pedagogical silences and strategies to acknowledge and break the silences (author, 2008). In putting Deleuzian notions of desire to work, I am producing a different reading that relies not on absence or fear as producing the silences, but instead on a recognition of a "desiring silence" that maintains white privilege through silence. What matters for Deleuze is not what desire means; instead, he wants to know "whether it works, and how it works, and who it works for" (Deleuze, 1990, p. 22). Mcbrearty, Madeleine, Concordia When an Insider Within Becomes the Outsider This paper is a reflection on my inner struggles during a research project meant to give voice to obese women involved in weight management. My intentions, as a researcher, who was an insider within, were to expose the experiences of oppression stemming from the women's physical condition and to empower them to enact their choice to lose weight. However, when the message started to emerge that the desired self-change was to be more attractive to a man or when the women started moralizing about their new lifestyle, my challenge was to remain fully present and empathetic during the interview process McCarty, Ryan, University of Illinois at Chicago "I'm looking for a black man's face on some money:" Recognizing Students' Funds Of Knowledge For Social Studies Learning Our research paper describes a yearlong collaborative action research/selfstudy inquiry conducted by a classroom teacher/PhD student and a university researcher in an urban middle school social studies classroom. The results are shared in two interrelated narratives. This first describes the evolution of the teacher's thinking about teaching in culturally relevant ways with African American students demonstrated in his move from teacher-centered instruction to a more student-centered, collaborative model. The second narrative describes the teacher's changing perception of the students' funds of knowledge, especially critical thinking skills that the students' brought to the study of history. The relation of these two narratives is told around two focal activities and the implications for teaching for social justice are discussed.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

171

McCoy, Kate, SUNY New Paltz A Methodology of Encounters: Nomadology and Aleatory Materialism This paper articulates a methodology of encounters, an aleatory materialism inspired by Deleuze, Derrida, and later works of Althusser. Aleatory materialism, or a materialism of the encounter, takes very seriously chance and contingency and suggests a methodology "of taking initiative whilst counting on nothing and occupying the place of the impossible, and operating on a rupture that connects novelty and beginning" (Illuminati 2005). Such a methodology is articulated by Patti Lather (2007) as "getting lost" and by Elizabeth St. Pierre (1997) as "nomadic writing." The author will review the philosophical and theoretical frameworks that inspire a methodology of encounters, discuss the examples of Lather and St. Pierre, and walk through an example of such an approach to inquiry through her own studies of drug use, addiction, and access to health care for people who use illicit drugs. The aim is to chart different territory, to create different possibilities for insight and action. McInnes Miller, Marianne, Alliant International University Couple Resilience after Violent Death of Child See Barth, Kerry McInnes-Miller, Marianne McInnes-Miller, Alliant International University The Guide: A narrative inquiry of Kenyan and American Life See Gilmore, Miranda McIntosh, Heather , Northern Illinois University Expert Testimony, Authority, and Vandana Shiva in Contemporary Activist Documentary Vandana Shiva is an ecofeminist who advocates the preservation of biodiversity, the development and sustainability of organic farming, and the protections of both from corporate appropriation. From India, Shiva holds a Ph.D. in physics and publishes prolifically. In the last decade she has appeared as an expert in activist documentaries, including The Corporation, Blue Gold: World Water Wars, Flow: For the Love of Water, The Shape of Water, and others. The goal of my presentation is to analyze how these representations of Shiva's authority both conform to and challenge the documentary convention of talking heads and expert testimony. McKeever, Patricia, University of Toronto "All in the Same Boat?": An Analysis of a Support Group for Children ExperiencingParental Mental Illness See Gladstone, Brenda Mckenna, Tarquam, Victoria Being visibly, Out/In the Academy See Vicars, Mark

172

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

McKenna, Tarquam, Victoria University Race, Refugeity and (Homo)Sexualities: the Power o See Harris, Anne McPherson, Ezella, University of Illinois Reflecting Back: Growing up in Champaign during Plessy and after Brown The 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision declared that separate was equal. The story of race as experienced after Plessy in Champaign, Illinois has been concealed, due to limited records of the events that occurred in that era. This paper uses the qualitative method of oral history interviews to shed light onto the lived experiences of an African American woman who grew up in Champaign during the Plessy era. The paper first discusses the oral history methodology of narratives, followed by narratives of her lived experiences growing up at school, in the family, and in church. It then discusses her role as an advocate for her children and African Americans in Champaign during the Plessy era and after the Brown v. Board of Education decision. The paper concludes with her thoughts for future generations of African Americans given the recent election the first African American President, Barack Obama. Meckeler, Amy, Alliance for Racial and Social Justice Transitioning from Advocacy to Participatory Research ARSJ was launched based on the Cultural Context Model (CCM), a systemic family therapy model that examines relational issues through the lenses of power, privilege, and oppression, while emphasizing solutions based on critical consciousness, empowerment, and accountability. The CCM was the framework upon which ARSJ's PAR project, Watch NJ, was created. Watch NJ is a PAR collaboration between volunteers monitoring domestic violence (restraining /protective order) hearings in Middlesex County, New Jersey, and other concerned advocates and citizens who have been working against significant odds to end domestic violence in New Jersey and elsewhere. Launched in 2005, Watch NJ works to increase public engagement in collaboratively transforming systems of oppression and injustice, and to do so in a responsible and sustainable way (through collective reflection and action). This presentation reviews this PAR project's evolution. Meckeler, Amy, Alliance for Racial and Social Justice Translating Research Results to the Advocacy Work In the 5th year of monitoring hearings, Watch NJ has identified major disparities related to judicial outcomes in domestic violence cases in New Jersey based on quantitative and qualitative data. Watch NJ seeks to galvanize support and influence judicial and family violence policies by collecting and reporting these data. This presentation highlights the link between research and grass roots activism as an important outcome of the PAR process. It points out dangerous gaps in the justice system, suggests appropriate remedies for families affected by violence, and identifies the call to action resulting from this PAR work.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

173

Medina Tamayo, Julian David, University of Antioquia La inv cualitativa y la construccion del conocim Uno de los factores mas relevantes de la crisis actual de nuestra sociedad es la educacion; muchos de los problemas que se encuentran en este campo, solo se han identificado y trabajado mediante la investigacion cualitativa. Tal es el caso, del enfoque fenomenologico en la ense_Òanza de las ciencias, al presentar las ciencias como una construccion social y como actividad humana. En un analisis mediante estudios de caso de experiencias en este enfoque se ha podido establecer que, cuando los estudiantes se involucran en los procesos de construccion del conocimiento presentan un especial interes por el aprendizaje de las ciencias. Medina, Ana Maria, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Etnografias desde el fogon: Exploracion de la etnografia como metodologia para el autoreconocimiento, la educacion y el entretenimiento en el campo de la seguridad alimentaria Se presentaran los resultados parciales de las etnografias participativas realizadas en el un municipio rural de Cundinamarca, Colombia. Estas seran el insumo para la realizacion de un proyecto de eduentretenimiento radial de cobertura municipal (13000 habitantes) para la busqueda de estrategias de seguridad y soberania y autonomia alimentarias. En este caso se plantean las etnograf__as participativas como el proceso de auto generacion de conocimiento local, que permita la generaci__n de procesos de transformaci__n y cambio social deseados por el municipio. Se presupone que las etnografias planteadas de esta forma implican la generacion de conocimiento integral no fragmentado por discursos institucionales o versiones estadisticas de la problematizacion en la relacion medio ambiente y salud. El proyecto sera elaborado a lo largo del a_Òo 2010 por miembros de la comunidad, una radio comunitaria, una organizacion no gubernamental y miembros del grupo de Antropologia Medica Critica. Medved, Caryn, Baruch College - CUNY "I knew he'd stay home with the kids on our first date!": Female Breadwinners and Stay-at-Home Fathers Explanations for Reverse Traditional Work-Family Arrangements While the total number of `role reversing' or reverse traditional couples remains small, studying and critiquing their unique experiences have the potential to make significant contributions to social theories of gender, work and family. This study explores the explanations embedded in the stories of 45 reverse traditional couples, as well as, the larger narratives in which these accounts are embedded. We do so through analyzing 90 separate interviews with husbands and wives in reverse traditional work-family arrangement. Explanations provided include: (1) prior identity shifts, (2) marital foundation, (3) economic rationales, (4) career/work characteristics, (5) personality predispositions, (6) early socialization experiences, (7) childcare issues, (8) couple identities, (9) caregiving orientations. Narratives were constructed through plotlines of continuity, reconstruction, and interruption. Implications for theory and practice as well as future directions for research are explored.

174

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Mehrotra, Gita, University of Washington Interviewing our sisters, examining ourselves: conducting research with lesbian/ bisexual women of color Many critical perspectives on qualitative methodology have emphasized reflexivity and researcher's positionality as central components of the research process. Based in a study on lesbian/bisexual women's health, two queer researchers of color utilize principles from autoethnography and feminist research to consider how their identities and life experiences both relate to and have been affected by conducting and analyzing interviews with lesbian/bisexual women of color. Using self-reflection, field notes, and autobiographical information, they explore how personal experiences contribute to the analysis and understanding of interview data. They also highlight some of the challenges of doing research within small, multiply oppressed communities. Meirelles, Betina Schlindwein, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina A rede complexa de relacoes do agente comunitario O estudo teve por objetivo compreender o significado da rede de relacoes e interacoes dos Agentes Comunitarios de Saude (ACS) de um municipio do sul do Brasil. Foi utilizado como referencial teorico o pensamento complexo e a Grounded Theory foi o referencial metodologico. Foram entrevistados 20 participantes distribuidos em tres grupos amostrais. O fenomeno "Vislumbrando as relacoes e interacoes do ACS na melhoria da atencao a saude dos usuarios, como uma rede complexa" foi constituido a partir da inter-relacao de seis categorias e evidencia a rede do ACS como uma unidade facilitadora do processo de promo_·_úo da saude da populacao. Meirelles, Betina Schlindwein, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina A rede social de pessoas com tuberculose O estudo teve por objetivo compreender os processos interativos das redes sociais de pessoas com tuberculose um municipio do sul do Brasil. Foi utilizado Grounded Theory como referencial metodologico. Foram entrevistados 24 pessoas distribuidos em cinco grupos amostrais. O fenomeno Apoiando as pessoas com tuberculose foi constituido a partir da inter-relacao de seis categorias, que evidenciam os processo interativos das pessoas com tuberculose A rede proporciona companhia social apoio emocional aconselhamento regulacao e controle social apoio material e instrumental apoio tecnico e acesso a novos contatos. A rede alivia o estresse da doenca. Mejía Reyes, Carlos, Universidad Autonoma Estado Hidalgo Reflexiones acerca de la metodología cualitativa c La investigación social ha mantenido una paradoja interminable en el uso de metodologías y técnicas de investigación. Durante gran parte de su desarrollo se ha prestigiado el enfoque cuantitativo por los impulsos de la racionalidad que batalla por dar evidencias numéricas, contables de fenómenos sociales. Sin embargo, los desarrollos teóricos sociológicos contemporáneos han privilegiado el uso y desarrollo del carácter cualitativo en la investigación empírica. Desde Mills, Bourdieu, Giddens, etcétera; priorizan directa e indirectamente comprender los fenómenos sociales desde lo

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

175

profundo de la realidad imaginada por los actores en sus mutuas relaciones. Este documento muestra este movimiento epistémico. Mejia, Graciela-Josefina Contreras, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Dra See Nava, Patricia Balcazar Mejia, Graciela-Josefina Contreras, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Constructos personales en personas con diabetes me See Nava, Patricia Balcazar Mendizabal, Nora, University of Buenos Aires Voces en la Conflictividad Minera Voces en la Conflictividad Minera En Argentina la actividad minera es politica de Estado y area prioritaria en los planes de ciencia y tecnolog__a. A partir de 1990 la legislacion propicio la entrada de capitales y tecnologia extranjeros para incentivar la explotacion de los recursos lo que trajo como consecuencia una gran conflictividad social. Los interrogantes indagan: cuales son las caracteristicas del conflicto? y quienes son los actores y sus demandas? El proposito es generar conocimiento sobre el problema minero al incorporar las voces relevantes en el marco de la sociologia de la tecnologia y ademas buscar soluciones. El estilo de investigacion es el cualitativo inductivo y naturalista. Mendoza, Silvia Mendoza, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo clientelismo participacion y democracia en ixmiquilpan See Castro, Adrian Galindo Meneghel, Stela Nazareth, UFRGS/Brasil Stories and narratives as a source of research data This essay presents a qualitative study in which the tool was to explore storytelling as a source of research data. The study framework is the oral narrative: stories of life, universal folklore, mythology, African-Brazilian' stories, tales, myths and parables. We work with this kind of method in small groups of vulnerable people, like battered women, sick people, students, social workers and homeless. The stories can stimulate people to talk and create their own stories and narratives. The group was the field of intervention and the space for the narratives, from the lived experiences of participants. Narratives produced in groups of storytellers can be a powerful source of research data beyond the possibility of social intervention. Merlino, Aldo, Universidad Siglo 21 El problema de la convivencia urbana y el irrespet En esta ponencia se presentan los resultados de un trabajo de investigación cuyo objetivo fue identificar actitudes y conductas relacionadas con el irrespeto de las normas de tránsito, hecho que en Argentina es un problema endémico. Se presentan las principales conclusiones del

176

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

trabajo y se analizan los cuatro tipos de conductores identificados y caracterizados en función de sus modelos argumentativos y los sistemas de creencias que sostienen dichos modelos. Finalmente, se hace un análisis de las posibilidades de modificación actitudinal-conductual en los conductores, en función de las características de cada tipo. Merlino, Aldo, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba Representations of norms and objective conditions of existence: the basis of gender discomfort See Martinez, Alejandra Merriweather, Lisa L., University of North Carolina Charlotte Empathism: How architecture informs ethics in qualitative research Qualitative inquiry has potential for developing a more equitable and just global society. The formal declaration of empathism, a movement in cultural, intellectual and philosophical development, was originally proposed as a philosophical counter to architects and urban designers' tendency to reduce progressive thought and intellectual development to stylistic notions and aesthetic properties. Architectural outreach efforts have been grounded in sympathy and not empathy resulting in the relegation of architectural stewardship to missionary work. Globally, those with material and intellectual means assisted the less fortunate by force-feeding goods, services, philosophies and methodologies with no regard for their beliefs and traits. This non - participatory approach to stewardship is a common mistake in architecture. Important lessons for qualitative research stewardship can be gained from architecture. This proposal advances empathism as a value-added concept to ethical inquiry Meyer, Mechthild C., University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada & Gentium Learning as You Go: Struggling with Democratic Principles in CommunityBased Participatory Research with Immigrant Communities in Canada See Estable, Alma Meza, Maria Elena, How Can You Dress Like That? The Body in the Couple's Conflict It is explored empirically, through Grounded Theory, the couple's conflict by the use and management of the body in 43 interviews and 18 photointerventions with people of diverse gender and sexual orientation. Results: the couple's conflict motivated by the use and management of the body was characterized. There are found common patterns in the control of the body, they are manifested in the areas of health, work, sexuality, doing and appearance. Conclusion: It is found empirically evidence that in the couples, regardless of gender and sexual orientation, tend to exercise power, especially over the body's use Miciak, Maxi, University of Alberta "Raveling and Unraveling Qualitative Learning: The Qualitative Salon as a Learning Community" See Daum, Christine

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

177

Mifsud, Dione, University of Malta Bastions And Rubble Walls: Counselling Ethics In A Context Of Limited Geographical Space While ethical challenges and dilemmas in counselling have been widely debated and researched in the English speaking world little research has been done in specific contexts of limited geographical space. /Bastions and Rubble Walls/ is a narrative inquiry that takes the author on a journey into the uncharted waters of counselling ethics in Malta. The author undertook the journey after years of immersion in the world of Maltese counselling. The journey focuses on the experiences of eight Maltese counsellors (including the author), who work in the midst of contextual differences, involving the management of networked enmeshed relationships and issues within the confines of confidentiality, autonomy, fidelity and virtuous practice.Their stories encompass a range of situations in which they practice their profession, deal with and try to resolve ethical dilemmas. The study is set within the neo-traditional dichotomies and tensions of Catholicism and modern individualism A thematic discussion of the narratives informs the basis of the findings, to expose multilayered meanings that make sense in a Maltese context. Miller, Marianne McInnes, Alliant International University Migrant Parents & Involuntary Child Therapy See Ahn, Yeojin Mills, Melanie, Eastern Illinois Univ. Constructing Mythic Identity and Culture: A Performance and Critique of The Ethnogs See Poulos, Christopher N. Min, Young-Kyung, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Good Intentions: ESL Writing Pedagogy in Postmodern Times Using data from her longitudinal ethnographic study that examines the literacy practices of the ESL writing program at a large mid-western university, the presentation explores how the program's disciplinary contexts_éåapplied linguistics, TESOL, and English for Academic Purposes_éåconstruct a functionalist literacy, which puts emphasis on assisting students in their efforts to meet the demands of functional economic markets. The presentation demonstrates how the functionalist literacy, which conceptualizes literacy as a value-neutral, technical skill rather than ideological work, constructs a stigmatized image of an ESL writer, an ESL writing program, and ESL writing pedagogy. By situating the program's literate activity in relation to the broader socio-historical and institutional contexts in which it occurs, the presentation calls attention to how the program's ideological orientations ultimately reinforce the institutional boundary between ESL writing and composition studies in the US.

178

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Miskovic, Maja, National-Louis University What Can be Learned From the 3C Model to Provide Disabled Students a Quality Postsecondary Education? We the ways in which the federally funded 3C Project is developing a model for affecting institutional culture at a large, private Midwestern University. We will provide an overview of the research process and offer the conceptual, methodological, and practical considerations that speak to our efforts in creating and sustaining a culture of inclusion at our university. Our study adheres to a theoretical framework consistent with two overlapping forms of the social model found in disability studies. A sequential mixed-method design, with quantitative and qualitative phases, was employed. Despite the efforts of individual faculty and administration, we conclude that the culture of invisibility that exists surrounding disability at our university needs to be addressed. Modlin, Susan J., University of Alaska Anchorage Transition to Adulthood: The Experience of Youth with Physical Disabilities Living with a Service Dog Using qualitative description, the researcher identified three themes: It's different now, Going places and Calling the shots, that defined the experience of transition for young people with congenital physical disabilities living with a service dog. The cornerstone of young adulthood is transition. For any young adult leaving home, the transition involves interpersonal and intrapersonal changes that affect future well being. Because so little is known about living with a service dog, it was important to identify individual stories of young adults in the areas of health, work, school, relationships and identity that provided contextual meaning for young adults in transition living with a service dog. Going places was the most personal theme, describing the social implications of going or not going places and the environmental and personal barriers related to learning to drive. Molina, Gloria, The University of Antioquia Accessibility to Maternity Care as Merit Goods and Service within a Health Market Environment, Medellin-Colombia, 2008-2009 Objective: To analyze accessibility to maternity care at the Medellin city within the marketing and competition system of the Colombian Social Security System for Health. Methodology: A qualitative approach was used, 23 in-depth interviews were conducted to physicians, nurses and dentists who provide health care to mothers. Also three focus groups with mothers and pregnant women were carried out. A coding and categorizing process was used to analyze information following the Grounded Theory. Findings: In spite of the international and national policies that established maternity care, pregnant women experiment barriers to get access to health services. Contracting out process between insurance companies and hospitals, the dominate status of the private health insurance companies, market and competition mechanisms and profitable interests of insurer afect health rights of pregnant women and mothers.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

179

Molina, Gloria, Universidad de Antioquia Conflict of Interest in Health Management and its Implications in Public Values and Health Rights The aim of the health systems should be focused on contributing in building a society that allow us a progressive human development, founded on some principles such as human dignity, equity, social justice, equality and so ford. Within the specific domain of health system, public and private sectors are in charge of accomplishing those principles, allocating resources to provide health services to the population. However, in practice, within the current Colombian Health System, patronage interests of actors involved in health decision making generate conflict of interests that could affect the achievements of the health system and the society as a whole in the processes of tackle public health problems. Patronage practices of politicians involved in health management and decision making processes, within public and private health institutions favor particular interest of some specific actors, the rulings or groups in power, which affect public health values and the collective benefits. Monetti, Elda, Universidad Nacional del Sur Mi relaci__n con el saber didactico: un relato autoetnografico Como docentes construimos un saber acerca de lo que es ense_Òar y aprender que nos permite no solo comprender sino actuar en el campo de la ense_Òanza. Establecemos una relaci__n con este saber que denomino didactico. En este trabajo presento un relato autoetnografico acerca de mi relaci__n con el saber didactico producto de mi investigacion sobre las caracteristicas que presenta esta relaci__n en los docentes de una universidad Argentina y mi trabajo como asesora pedag__gica en la misma institucion.El objetivo es invitar a los docentes a reflexionar acerca de su propia relacion con el saber didactico. Monetti, Elda, Universidad Nacional del Sur Reconociendo la complejidad: decisiones metodologicas singulares Integramos un grupo de investigacion que estudia los fenomenos de abandono y permanencia de los alumnos ingresantes en la Universidad Nacional del Sur (Argentina) desde un enfoque cuanti-cualitativo. Presentamos el tratamiento anal__tico cualitativo realizado sobre las entrevistas aplicadas a estudiantes a partir del an_¯lisis de contenido en sus formas longitudinal y transversal. La fundamentacion teorica y epistemologica de esta combinacion da cuenta de la pertinencia de la perspectiva metodologica adoptada en tanto que permite recuperar la singularidad y complejidad de los fenomenos en estudio a la vez que insta a extender su utilizacion en el campo de las ciencias sociales. Monger, Marlon, Alliant International University A Visit to the ICU: Becoming Empowered What happens to a person's worldview when they leave their country of birth to come to work in medical settings in the United States? Do they change? And if so, what is that process like? Is their culture sufficiently different to expect them to undergo drastic changes as they begin to work in our hospitals, and does it matter? How? This presentation tells the story of a single migrant from Japan who, after an existential crisis and without the approval of her parents, decided to become a nurse in California, undergoing a drastic change in her

180

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

personal life and becoming a high quality servant to her patients and an advocate for her community. I will also review the impact of conducting qualitative research for the first time given my own background as an immigrant from Costa Rica. Montecinos, Carmen, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso Fashioning teachersTMæ identity to new public management in Chile See Sisto, Vicente Montoya Restrepo, Diego Mauricio, Universidad de Antioquia Characterization of growth and development in children institutionalized in Moravian neighborhood of the 4 commune Medellin Colombia MOTIONCharacterization of growth and development in children institutionalized in Moravian neighborhood of the 4 commune Medellin ColombiaMETHODOLOGYThrough the application of a qualitative instrument parameters were evaluated growth and development of children attending community homes Moravian neighborhood RESULTS Distribution by sex 31% girls and 69% children 31% of them don't have affiliation to the health system, 47% have incomplete vaccination schedule the 8% stunting and 15% of children are underweight and emaciation Montoya, Erika, Universidad de Antioquia Psychology, Social Justice and Qualitative research: A Latin American Perspective See Cristancho, Sergio Montoya, Erika Maria, Universidad de Antioquia Divergencias en la Atención a Familias en Medellin Se evaluo el nivel de concordancia en la ejecucion de los procesos de intervencion de las Comisarias de Familia para su mejoramiento en proveer una Justicia Cercana al Ciudadano. Se realizaron entrevistas a funcionarios de Comisarias posteriormente se realizaron talleres participativos de discusion para validar la informacion. Las dimensiones alrededor de las cuales se inscriben las divergencias en la ejecucion involucran el contexto social la disponibilidad del recurso humano la vision juridica y administrativa del Comisario de Familia la conceptualizacion en temas basicos como familia y violencia y los procesos de comunicacion e interaccion entre los equipos Moon, Seungho, Other Asias: The Complicated Meanings of "Yellowness" and the Subjectivity in Construction This paper presentation is my counter-narratives and reflexive thinking about "Yellowness," that is Asian-ness. I address the complicated notions of Yellowness within the U.S. context. During my presentation, I argue if I consider historical trauma, wounds, twinges, and other untold narratives, I see that one Asian-ness or "unified" political group as Asian or Asian American does not exist. Counter-narratives in the paper challenge what is not heard, unspoken, or, still, not being intentionally told in mainstream discourses about what happened

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

181

during WWII to Japanese American in the U.S. and to Koreans under Japanese imperialism. In the second part of presentation, I argue defining "Korean-ness" using collective "we" is not possible simply because Koreans have experienced the "same" historical oppression by Japanese imperialism. I focus on how my Korean identity has been discursively and socially constructed because of Korea's colonized history by Japan. Moorthi, Gayatri, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Pharmaceutical Survival: Recasting Recovery and Health Under the Harm Reduction Model in India Gayatri Moorthi, University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign India's explosive HIV pandemic forced the country to replace its failing abstinence based drug treatment model with the radical `harm reduction' model of drug treatment. Harm reduction interventions include needle syringe exchange, pharmaceutical substitution therapy and outreach services. This paper critically describes and qualitatively examines the experiences of street-based drug users, participating in the pharmaceutical substitution programs in New Delhi, India. Participation in these programs offers marginalized drug users the opportunity to access a range of services and develop linkages with social systemsnot merely as recipients but as responsible and active bio-political subjects. This paper explores how a culture of recovery and health is being formulated through a risk mitigation construct. As economies of life and addiction intersect, my paper examines the limits of this new mode of `pharmaceutical survival' and its implications for drug recovery. Moraga, Claudia, Universidad de Tarapaca Perceptions about gender discrimination of urban aymara's women from the region of Arica y Parinacota - CHILE Objective: It's undeniable the connection between women and gender discrimination.In Chile, the discrimination against women can be found without distinction between urban or rural context, economic situation, religion or ethnicity. The cultural context has an important role over gender discrimination, and every culture has its own particular way to understand roles, positions and influences of men and women in the society. In this context, the situation about discrimination and violence against Aymara's women becomes a main fact in the north of Chile, specially considerating their history, context, and social integration. Several studies has shown different aspects about gender discrimination, and to this study, the focus is to identify and analize the perception about gender discrimination from urban aymara's women of Arica.; ; Design and method: The information it's obtained through focus group and analysed by discourse analysis. Morales, Norma, Universidad de Antioquia Divergencias en la Atención a Familias en Medellin See Montoya, Erika Maria Moreira, Claudio, "Betweeners" Talk About Decolonizing Knowledge Production See Diversi, Marcelo

182

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Moreira, Claudio, University of Massachusetts Amherst When janitors dare to become scholars: A betweeners' view of the politics of knowledge production from decolonizing street-corners See Diversi, Marcelo Moreno Angarita, Marisol, Universidad Nacional de Colombia RESILIENCE AND DISABILITY: LIFE ORAL HISTORY IN ECOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE See Cardenas Jimenez, Andrea Morgan, Alberta , Ball State University Writing Down a Life: Women and Journal Writing The purpose of this study is to further understand the perceptions some women have about the role journal writing plays in their lives and to investigate the implications of integrating journal writing into the formal learning experiences of women. As various forms of journal writing are becoming increasingly popular as educational tools, this study explores the reasons and methods women actually are finding useful in journal writing. Morgan, Craig, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London A Qualitative Study of Psychosocial Consequences and Coping Strategies among Tsunami Survivors in Sri Lanka See Ekanayake, Samanthika Morris, Jonathan, University of Victoria Doing "Sissy" and "Tomboy"- Exploring Childhood Participation in and Resistance to Discourses of Gender and Sexuality Feminist poststructural ideas offer up opportunities to contest taken for granted assumptions embedded in developmental discourses of gender and the practice of Child and Youth Care. This paper documents the application of feminist poststructural ideas to a series of written and re-written memories authored by eighteen graduate Child and Youth Care students engaged in the process of collective biography. The students were asked to draw upon their remembered embodied knowledges of realizing and resisting being gendered. The practice implications of positioning gender as relational and children's performativity of gender will be explored. Morris, Jonathan, University of Victoria Suicide Prevention in the Schools: A Post-Structural Analysis of a Suicide Prevention Curriculum Poststructural ideas offer up an opportunity to trouble `taken for granted' assumptions and `truth effects' of school-based suicide prevention programming. Classroom observations and interviews with suicide prevention educators and students have been completed in a close documentation of the development and implementation of a suicide prevention curriculum in one high school in Vancouver, British Columbia. Poststructural ideas have informed the data analysis process, focusing on power, knowledge, and constructions of `mental illness' and the `suicidal subject.' This type of critical analysis of suicide prevention work

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

183

serves to contest contemporary truths of "suicide" and "suicidal" and offers up spaces to re-imagine the ethical and relational endeavour of suicide prevention work. Mortenson, Joani Margaret, University of British Columbia Okanagan Queering Birthing Narratives: Contesting Discursive (Re)Productions in Midwifery Services This presentation offers (re)productions of the narratives of lesbian parents who access midwifery services and will draw upon critical, queer and arts based methodologies; including narrative poetics, performance ethnography readers theatre to collaboratively map spaces and stories not yet defined. Discursive practices will factor in (re)presenting the ways in which the lesbian parent selfperceives and constructs narratives and counter-narratives that influence birthing and parenting choices. As midwifery services are being accessed increasingly by lesbian-headed families, this presentation will explore why lesbian parents choose this option and what the implications are for their birthing and parenting narratives, while at the same time, trouble heteronormative family structures and challenge the foundations of heteronormativity in our society by exploring what it means for women and families living outside the presiding heterosexual context that frames our culture. moyano pati_Òo, angelica, cooperativa de colombia violencia de genero ANGELICA MOYANO P ResumenObjetivo. Analizar la experiencia de mujeres v__ctimas de la violencia de g_nero atendidas en centros de atenci__n primaria en la ciudad de Cali colombia, desde el punto de vista de las mujeres. Dise_Òo. Investigaci__n cualitativa interpretativa. Perspectiva fenomenol__gica. Estudio en Mujeres v__ctimas de la violencia de g_nero (f__sica, ps__quica, sexual) Muestreo intencional y te__rico hasta el punto de saturaci__n. Criterios de segmentaci__n: edad (j__venes-edad media); Mediciones principales. Relatos biogr_¯ficos y an_¯lisis de contenido de la transcripci__n literal de las grabaciones. Utilizaci__n para la interpretaci__n de la Teor__a Fundamentada. Se proponen estrategias para mejorar la credibilidad, traves de la metodologia cualitativa, la conformabilidad Aplicabilidad p Mejorar el conocimiento de d las mujeres v__ctimas de la violencia dom_stica desde una perspectiva no directiva, . Mulcahy, Caitlin M, University of Waterloo Rude Awakenings: Easing the Transition to Motherhood through First Time Parenting Groups Twenty-four transcripts with Southern Ontarian mothers and members of grassroots "mommies groups" lie unread in a folder on the author's laptop. The author herself lies asleep, her infant son in his bassinet at the foot of her bed. Her supervisor has been more than sympathetic and generous. Nevertheless, the author is feeling the pressure to publish while simultaneously parent her firstborn child, and she is afraid she might perish at both tasks. Through a fictional narrative and utilizing a feminist lens that juxtaposes the personal and the academic, the author explores her daily life, struggling with and theorizing about the transition to motherhood. The narrative reveals gender disparities

184

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

in healthcare and proposes a structured postnatal program through the Public Health Agency of Canada that will assist in the formation of mommies (or parents) groups and help ease the rather rude awakening that often characterizes the transition to parenthood. Mulder, Cray, Grand Valley State University Autoethnographic Reflections: Understanding the Self to Work More Effectively with the Other To work effectively with a wide variety of client populations and global communities, social workers must understand themselves and their relationships to others. Master of Social Work students simultaneously involved in a series of research methods courses and an internship experience over the past year have utilized an autoethnographic approach to document and understand the integration of their personal and professional journeys. This presentation describes the class processes and incorporates autoethnographic accounts from two students. The narratives emphasize the students' reflexive processes and their understandings of how to work more effectively with the diverse clients they will ultimately serve professionally. Mungai, Anne, Adelphi University Dynamics of Multicultural Issues in Pre-service Teaching Historically, pre-service education has focused exclusively on the dominant culture group in mainstream America. Most teachers have a middle class background, and lack the frames of reference conducive to their ethnically, culturally and socio-economically different students because they exist in different worlds. Till now, traditional direct instruction was the dominant mode of instruction, with the assumption that students were relatively homogeneous in terms of background, knowledge, motivation and language. This qualitative study investigates whether pre-service teachers have the knowledge and dispositions to face multicultural issues and master the strategies that recognize, celebrate, and build upon diversity in the classroom. Munger, Kelly, University of Illinois-Chicago Casting Off the Mirrors: Phenomenological Investigations and "Others'" Experiences with Cerebral Palsy My dissertation research examines, from a disability studies perspective, the lived social and psychological experiences of adults with cerebral palsy (CP). The phenomenological method I have utilized to guide data collection and analysis calls for me, a woman with CP, to bracket my own experiences as much as possible. This paper will describe my continuous struggle with this task, particularly when so much of the data collection process has required developing a rapport with participants and engaging in physically and psychologically taxing activities (i.e., traveling extensively), both of which require that I attend more closely to my own embodiment. Mungu__a, Jazm__n, Universidad de Guadalajara Cultural conceptions about HIV/AIDS in Latin-Americans Countries: Bolivia, Chile & Mexico See Torres, Teresa

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

185

Mungu__a, Jazm__n, Universidad de Guadalajara Concepciones culturales del VIH/SIDA en tres paise See Torres, Teresa Muniandy, Parthiban, University of Illinois Living in Limbo - Immigrants in Malaysia This piece attempts to bring to light the lives of immigrants and refugees in Malaysia. Malaysia is home to documented and undocumented immigrants from various countries including Indonesia, Nepal, Burma and Bangladesh. They make up a large proportion of underpaid manual labor. Many work under deplorable conditions without recourse in fear of retaliation by the authorities. Refugees are not officially recognized by the Malaysian government, forcing members of groups, including Burmese Rohingyas and Sri Lankans, to live in isolated communities. In this performance, I will be using an autoethnographic account of my experiences in Malaysia, interwoven with accounts of the treatment of immigrants in the country, to bring to the fore voices of several severely marginalized groups in South East Asia. The narrative incorporates a sequence of monologues, a re-enactment of my interview with a Nepali worker, news articles, a PowerPoint presentation, and video clips of interviews. Munoz-Mesa, Lina Maria, University of Antioquia Construccion de significados de la ecuacion lineal See Londono-Orrego, Sandra Milena Munoz, Ivan, Universidad de Antioquia Nexos entre Justicia Social e Investigaci__n Cualit Se da cuenta de la sistematizaci__n del Conversatorio -Justicia Social e Investigaci__n Cualitativa ADIS-2008-, realizado en el Congreso Internacional de Investigaci__n Cualitativa, Mayo 14/2008. El an_¯lisis del registro del trabajo de grupos y la plenaria de este conversatorio ha permitido la identificaci__n de tres principales preocupaciones al discutir los nexos entre Investigaci__n Cualitativa y Justicia Social. 1. El soporte conceptual que da sustento a la Justicia Social como eje orientador del hacer del investigador cualitativo; 2. Las relaciones que se dan entre principios de la Investigaci__n Cualitativa y la Justicia Social, identific_¯ndose elementos, de la Justicia Social, que deben tenerse en cuenta a la hora de plantear y ejecutar una investigaci__n; 3. Finalmente emergi__, con gran fuerza, la pregunta por el quehacer del investigador cualitativo frente a las innumerables situaciones de injusticia social a las que se enfrenta, dado su estrecho contacto con las comunidades. Munson, April, Kennesaw State University Slash the misconception: chainsaw reform in assessment There is a strong misconception in our field that assessment means grading and has little to do with bettering our students understanding and learning experiences. The researchers have collaborated in action research practice to better know the complexities of assessment in terms of theory, concepts and implementation for university, elementary, and shared teaching environments. This presentation focuses on the many-layered practice of assessment for better learning,

186

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

greater conversation, and deeper understanding. The researchers illustrate these ideas in practice at each learning tier; ultimately focusing on how to promote critical reformed assessment approaches in teaching and learning in the visual arts. The implications of the impact of this reform for individual and community relationships will be discussed. Munson, April, Kennesaw State University Longing for the Mongrel: The Hybridization of Pedagogy and Practiceand Reflections on Implementing a Blended Course Throughout the United States, there is a strong push for development and implementation of hybrid (blended) and online courses in higher education. Campuses attach themselves to a variety of programs to assist this occurrence, and training for faculty on how to use the programs happen regularly. However, despite the call to do it, and the offering of the tools, many are still left uncertain on how to move an imagined online course beyond repositories of data. Knowing how to use tools of technology is not enough. The first step is to revisit what it means to teach and learn. This article describes the reconceptualization of teaching and learning that is ongoing in the implementation of a hybrid seminar course in art education by a technology trainee. The author focuses on a critical reflective performative approach to gain insights of both students and self. Munson, Dorothy E., Eastern Washington University The Cultivation of Student Passivity in Schools: Depersonalization, Detachment, and Unhealthy Dependency as Threats to Social Justice in Education As students grow and develop from young children in primary grades and proceed through the K to 12 system and often on into college, many psychological, ecological, and social factors interact to cultivate the emergence and maintenance of student passivity. Passive students often care deeply about their success in school and yet are hesitant, lacking in confidence, and have been trained to be unhealthily dependent on their teachers. Products of these developmental processes can lead to depersonalization and detachment between and among students and teachers which can threaten social justice as a foundation for education. The current study explores which factors contribute to the emergence and maintenance of student passivity in grades kindergarten through college with an eye toward developing interventions that can prevent or at least mitigate student passivity. The emergent factors exist in 3 categories: student variables, teacher/ classroom variables, and parent/family variables. Murga, Maria Luisa, Universidad Pedagogica Nacional Ajusco Transforming our Notion of Young Secondary Students Maria Murga, Universidad Pedagogica Nacional Discourse analysis is discussed, not only as a QR technique that allows to understand the obstacles and hidden possibilities of school counselors to construct a different notion of student, but also as an alternative to promote reflection and strategies that enable both students and practitioners make changes in their lives to better cope with the difficulties of contemporary Mexican society. The work was carried through the discourse that was generated in a semi-structured interviews with secondary school counselors in Mexico City. The material was analyzed in order to learn about the meanings with those who think their

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

187

work and young people and thereby remove barriers practitioners make can not distance himself from the place of "guards" that the education system has assigned them as results of it control "dispositif". In order to undertake a collective experience of analysis of obstacles and hidden opportunities to construct transforming alternatives. Mutua-Kombo, Eddah, St. Cloud State University Research encounters: the moments, tensions and lessons learned Doing research on post-conflict peace in Kenya and Rwanda raises critical questions about researcher's experiences of encountering and making known the other side of the researched. Drawing from the work of Linda Tuhiwai Smith on decolonizing methodologies, this paper discusses how interview and focus groups responses of women survivors of post-elections violence in Kenya and the 1994 Rwanda genocide disrupt the "underlying rules and codes which frame in the broadest sense what is possible and what is impossible" (Smith, 1999:8). Mutua-Kombo, Eddah, St. Cloud State University "Rwandarizing" peace: women embody post-genocide life in Rwanda The discourse surrounding peace building, reconciliation and justice in postgenocide Rwanda has focused on indigenous/grassroots peace efforts spearheaded by women rather than privilege the role played by international actors. In this paper, I use ethnography of communication to discuss how women embody post-conflict life to `Rwandarize' a peace model that is culturally and politically meaningful to their experiences. One of the central goals of this paper is to reclaim theoretical and methodological frameworks that position experiences of women as victims of intense violence as avenues for voice and action. Mutua-Kombo, Eddah M , St. Cloud State University "How we came to know" This panel presentation/session draws from the work of Claudio Moreira on disrupting grand narratives of home as physical or institutional space. The presenters share their autoethnographic experiences growing up in different countries in Eastern Africa, Brazil and the U.S. Three presenters grew up in Kenya and Uganda as refugees. One grew up poor in Brazil and another in the USA as a first generation of an Iranian family. They use their experiences to show how embodying the refugee, poor and immigrant, life has evoked the need to re/consider notions held about where is home , what is home for African people and others living on borders of different physical and institutional spaces. Based on Trinh T. Minh-ha s work, our interest is more abo Myers, Susan, Texas Tech University Developing Teacher Leadership Capacity of Mentor Teachers: A Case Study of a Master Mentor Teacher Certificate Program This comparative case study was conducted as part of a larger pilot study of mentor teachers who participated in a university-based Master Mentor Teacher Certificate program (MMTC). Twelve high school mentor teachers were interviewed about their mentoring activities, examining how they defined teacher leadership, and tracing their developing leadership identity once they completed the MMTC. The primary focus of the study was to investigate if mentor teach-

188

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

ers who had participated in a newly implemented Master Mentor Teacher Certificate program were involved in other leadership activities at their campuses. This study is part of a continuing research project conducted by the authors. Myers, W. Benjamin, USC Upstate The Placebo as a Dialogic Starting Point for Performance Studies and Qualitative Health Research In this article I explore the placebo and the placebo effect from a performance studies perspective. Using Lock & Scheper-Hughes' concept of three bodies (the individual body, the social body, and the body politic), I explain how the placebo as performance opens dialogue by speaking across these three bodies. I argue that the placebo as performance offers a yet under explored and heuristic way to bridge the divide that often exists between qualitative and quantitative ways of understanding healing. By exploring these connections and offering a history of blind testing in the medical community, I explain how the placebo requires multiple lenses to be understood in the healing process and by extension opens up traffic between different ways of knowing. Nabors, Jennifer H., The University of Georgia "He Turned the Tables on Us:" An Analysis of Power See Burnette, Diane Nako, Esther Makuena, University of the Western Cape, South Africa Exploring the Impact of a Human Rights Learning Network on Health Related Processes of Social Exclusion and Health Inequalities in the Western Cape, South Africa Esther Nako, University of the Western Cape, South Africa The focus of analysis aimed at tackling social exclusion in health is shifting from social exclusion as a state to the processes that foster social exclusion. These processes are embedded in societal norms and relations and they cut across the social, cultural, political and economic institutions of societies and are transitory. Using the model of social exclusion, this ethnographic case study explores the impact of a human rights learning network on health related processes of social exclusion that cause health inequalities in the Western Cape, South Africa. The specific methods to be outlined are interviews, focused groups and observations. Nance, Kimya, Hampton University Student Reflections on Working with Grandparent-Grandchild Families See Goodwin, Sheilia Narciso, Geovana Madeira, ARQUITETURA HOSPITALAR _éç A ADEQUA__êO DO PROJETO NA FASE DO ESTUDO PRELIMINAR See Araujo, Eliete de Pinho Natanson, Natalia, Universidad de Buenos Aires Una investigacion accion participativa en los barr See Sirvent, Mar__a Teresa

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

189

Nava, Patricia Balcazar, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Dra La diabetes mellitus (DM2) impacta a quien la padece y su diagn__stico tiene m__ltiples significados. En esta investigaci__n se explor__ la percepci__n personal, familiar y social en 15 personas con DM2 utilizando entrevistas a profundidad.Los resultados indican que la enfermedad implica un shock para quien la padece, afectando estilo de vida y la percepci__n de independencia, deterioro de calidad de vida y causa un impacto emocional negativo.Para los pacientes con DM2, la familia es fuente de apoyo aunque lo social y laboral se modifica al sentirse relegados y diferentes a los dem_¯s en su condici__n de "enfermo" Nava, Patricia Balcazar, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Constructos personales en personas con diabetes me La diabetes mellitus es una enfermedad cr__nica que afecta m__ltiples funciones y __rganos, que tiene un impacto en el contexto biopsicosocial del paciente. Entre otras cosas, en esta investigaci__n la hip__tesis de trabajo es que genera cambios en la percepci__n personal, en la psicolog__a de los constructos de la experiencia, denominada construcci__n de s__ mismo. Con el objeto de ver el impacto de la enfermedad sobre el s__ mismo, se aplic__ la t_cnica de rejilla (Feixas y Cornejo, 2001) a un grupo de personas con diabetes mellitus 2 y se encontraron construcciones caracter__sticas asociadas con el padecimiento. Navarro, Jos_ Claudio Carrillo, Universidad de Guadalajara UNA MIRADA AL INDIVIDUO COMO PRODUCTOR DE NARRATIVAS UNA MIRADA AL INDIVIDUO COMO PRODUCTOR DE NARRATIVASJos_ Claudio Carrillo Navarro.Ma Teresa Prieto Quezada.Por qu_ contar la propia vida. Para qu_ sirve. Se_Òala Gaulejac (2005) que a las personas les gusta hablar de ellas mismas, contar su propia vida. Incluso cuando _sta no es bella, tienen el sentimiento de decir cosas importantes. Muchas veces en esta b__squeda se juega una posici__n social, el intento de encontrar ancestros prestigiosos para revalorizarse uno mismo, ahora cada uno, incluso la "peque_Òa gente", se interesa en su historia. Esto nos remite a una vieja pregunta que los fil__sofos conocen muy bien: De d__nde vengo. Qui_n soy Ndimande, Bekisizwe S., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Education access in a time of xenophobia in South Africa The immigrant population in South Africa has increased rapidly since 1994, when the country gained independence. However, immigrants from neighboring African countries have not been welcome by the people of South Africa, a situation that resulted in one of the most pressing human crises in the global South. On May 12, 2008, Black immigrants were brutally attacked in a xenophobic catastrophe that left 45 Black immigrants dead and thousands displaced. This and numerous other attacks have compounded one another into a situation of real urgency. Drawing from the qualitative study with parents and school principals, this paper explores and illuminates the extent to which the xenophobic attacks have impacted access to education as well as educational opportunities of Black immigrant children in post-apartheid South Africa.

190

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Nelms, April, University of Alabama Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Pre-service Secondary Science Teachers: an Action Research Study The researcher/practitioner conducted this action research study to assess the level of PCK in pre-service secondary science teachers in a specific science methods course. The researcher thought the level of PCK possessed by the pre-service secondary science teachers should correlate to their abilities to develop an effective science lesson plan. The research occurred in a science methods course, a natural setting, at a southeast U.S. university. The researcher applied a rubric to analyze the level of PCK possessed by the pre-service science teachers. Results indicated that these specific pre-service science teachers were in the developing and competent levels. The correlation between level of PCK and ability to create an effective science lesson indicated that participants in the developing and competent level should score between eighty and eighty-nine on a scale of onehundred as the score on the science lesson plan. Netshitangani, Tshilidzi N/A, Human Sciences Research Council School Managers' Responses to School Based Violene Violence and crime is prevalent in schools in South Africa and this poses a major management problem for school principals and their mangement teams. Are principals coping? Principals have to implement a wide range of measures that have been developed by governement and by School Governing Bodies in order to eliminate school based violence. It is critical to examine principals' experiences of violence in schools and how they are dealing with it. Government initiatives need to translate into direct results in order for prrincipal to mange schools effectively. Initiatives at school level need to be implemented effectively by school principals in order for violence to be reduced drastically and for teaching and learning to take place effectively. Principals need to balance manging the curriculum on the one hand and facilitating the creation of a safer learning environment on the other hand. Newbury, Janet, University of Victoria Children and Armed Conflict See Hoskins, Marie Ngunjiri, Faith, Eastern University Panelists See Chang, Heewon Nitzel, Camie, University of Nebraska--Lincoln Developing Gender-Centered Theories of Intimate Partner Violence using Mixed Methods Designs The U.S. Department of Justice (Rennisen, 2003) has reported that 85% of intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors are women. Further, 90% of IPV perpetrators are men (Bachman & Saltzman, 1995). Because of this sizeable gender imbalance, feminist scholars have emphasized the need for gender-centered theories of IPV. However, the empirical literature examining the relationships between various dimensions of gender and IPV has been insufficient to support

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

191

the development of such theories. To stimulate research informing gender-centered theories of IPV, this presentation will highlight the critical areas for future inquiry. A variety of mixed methods approaches consistent with the development of gender-centered theories will be described. Noel, Megan, Ball State University Birth, Death, and Purgatory: The Development of a Dissertation Topic I was excited about entering into my doctoral studies as I am truly passionate about my interests in young children, particularly those living below the poverty line. I believed that through further study I would learn more about my topic of interest and be able to clearly explain to others the benefits of preschool for all children and the implications of future policy decisions. Needless to say, I entered into my doctoral program enthusiastic and optimistic, that while it would be difficult, at least my path was clear. I soon discovered that clarity in the pursuit of knowledge is a myth, and it is instead a process that resembles what can only be described as tornado-like. This paper examines my process in research, from the initial roots of where my interest began to where I stand today. It has been, and continues to be a journey. Noffke, Susan E., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Shifting the Local to the Global in Learning to Teach Social Studies: A Case Study See Kim, Jeesuk Nordstrom, Susan Naomi, The University of Georgia Spectral Data: Speaking, Writing, and Acting with Specters Conventional qualitative research relies on living people in that living people are interviewed and observed. However, the author encountered data from nonliving entities in her poststructural dissertation research about how specters haunt the objects (e.g. documents, photographs, and artifacts) of family history genealogy. Spectral data, a term coined by the author, are data that come from the dead_éåinjunctions that condition scholarship, a haunted scholarship in which the researcher speaks, writes, and acts with the specter(s) that haunt her. Drawing on her writing about her deceased grandmother and her dissertation research, the author discusses several spectral moments when the specter(s) gave her instructions and made declarations to her about her dissertation work, specifically her writing. In this paper, the author describes how these instructions and declarations wove diaphanous but necessary guiding threads of her haunted scholarship. Norris, Joe, Brock University Introduction to Duoethnography's Basic Tenets Drawing upon currere, storytelling, autoethnography and narrative duoethnography disrupts the metanarrative created by a solitary voice by having two people in dialogue. They tell stories, tracing their histories of how they learned their attitudes about such topics as beauty, writing, mathematics political activism and gender. By juxtapositing their stories, the texts avoid alignment with any one point of view, making them dialogic. Its basic tenets are: 1) Reinscription is encouraged. Rather than retelling one's story, duoethnographers tell their stories

192

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

through critical lenses that question their points of view. 2) Historicism is central as duoethnographers examine societal norms during the time of meaning construction. 3) By commenting on each other's narrative, they create a dialogue. 4) Differences in researchers articulate complexity. 5) Artifacts and photos act as stimulated recall. 6) The literature is blended into the conversation rather standing separate. Norris, Joe, Brock University Playbuilding as Qualitative Research: Generating, Translating, and Disseminating Research through a Participatory Playbuilding Process The use of theatre to disseminate research has grown over the past number of years (Donmoyer (1995), Mienczakowski (1995), Denzin, 2003, Saldaña (2005) and many others. These approaches take traditionally collected qualitative data and translate it into live performances. Playbuilding integrates theatrical techniques throughout the entire collaborative research process as a focus group of Actor/Researcher/Teachers (A/R/Tors) tell stories, collectively analyze them for themes, and both perform and workshop them with live audiences. This paper outlines this researcher?s thirty years experience with the process, articulating techniques used in generating data, manners in which raw information can be made into a variety of theatrical scenes, and how performances can be pedagogical and political (Denzin, 2003) with an audience participation component Norris, Joe, Brock University Becoming Writers These duoethnographic partners reexamine their curriculums of writing both in and out of school. One considered writing to be arduous work and did only when instructed while the other enjoyed writing. Eventually the first found writing as a creative outlet and its purpose went beyond a `school' activity. This paper, taking learning styles into account, examines how schooling can both foster and inhibit interest in writing. These duoethnographers articulate both insiders' and outsiders' perspectives of the cultural discourses that they produce and examine. Listening to each other's stories and studying personal artifacts, they report that they have gained new insights into their own cultural values, assumptions and identities. This paper employs the postmodern theoretical approaches of Jacques Derrida and Mikhail Bakhtin in order to both deconstruct and support the attempts of duoethnographers to speak with authority about their cultural experiences. O'Connor, Susan, Augsburg College Introducing a Qualitative Approach to Disability in Higher Education: Student Responses and Pedagogical Considerations See Hulgin, Kathleen O'Toole, Win, Marian University Perspectives on Leadership: Learning from Lebanon My paper will report on a study of leadership and learning in Lebanon conducted in Dec/Jan 2010. Findings from in depth interviews with political, educational, and religious leaders from in and around Beirut will be reported. The conceptual framework of this research includes Heifetz's theory of adap-

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

193

tive leadership and Kegan's constructive developmental theory of adult learning. Research on leadership has found a relationship with learning.My proposition is that developmental diversity has been overlooked in studies of leadership, particularly in international settings where few studies of leadership have been conducted. I reported on the special challenges of conducting research in conflict settings at your 2005 conference. Oakes-Greenspan, Marilyn, Group Health Cooperative Running Toward: Reframing Possibility and Finitude Through Physicians' Stories at the End of LIfe Interpretive phenomenology is employed to present the complex phenomenon of talking with patients about the end of life from the physician's perspective. Narrative themes of connectedness, presence, rupture, and vulnerability illustrate larger issues of experience, understanding, habitus, and climate of the medical scene to provide an encompassing view of the challenges physicians and patients face in discussing end-of-life issues. How physicians are able to go beyond the scientific paradigm of their medical world is demonstrated in their stories that illustrate the vulnerable and situated nature of caring for the seriously ill and dying. These narratives reframe evidence to incorporate story as legitimate data and `body of evidence' as more than numerical proof when defining policies that speak to `provision of care.' Oakes-Greenspan, Marilyn, Making Transparent the Embodied Life and Skilled Know-How of Social Work Social work is a life-centered practice, where interventions take place in the interconnected experiences of social worker and client. Interpretive phenomenology (IP) is used as practice and research method/theory to illustrate the central tenants of social work as a fluid set of practices that recognizes "client" as a person for whom things matter, whose concerns are expressive of their approach to problems, and acknowledges the social person whose mattering is reflective of their world. IP illustrates how social work embodies concepts of being and mattering, and how social work research can affirm the power of social work practices. Obando, Gilberto, Universidad de Antioquia A Investiga_·_úo Narrativa na Forma_·_úo Inicial de Pr See Jaramillo, Diana Obando, Gilberto, Universidad de Antioquia Investigacion Colaborativa: Camnino para Atender a See Jaramillo, Diana Obner, David, Eastern University Entrepreneurs Experiencing Mentoring: Opportunities to Learn Entrepreneurs feel the mentoring process not only helped them become successful but also inspired their decision to become entrepreneurs. Utilizing a phenomenological approach, this study explores how leaders in an entrepreneurial environment experience mentoring. The doctoral student research team analyzed

194

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

the common threads found throughout the collected data of one-on-one interviews, on-site observations, and appropriate artifacts of the lived experiences of three entrepreneurs that have experienced being mentored. Given the time and operational restrictions on today's entrepreneurs, most mentoring occurs prior to the mentee becoming an entrepreneur while later mentoring experiences occur within natural life cycles. By taking advantage of the opportunities to learn through the mentoring experience, the entrepreneur's career choices, networks, and success are established and refined. Ocon, Carmen, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Recordar Es Volver a Vivir-To Remember Is To Become (in Life) Anew: Cultivating Feminist Methods of Remembrance While Nurturing a Fieldwork of Memories Joining the personal voices and memories of participant subjects in an educational performative research, I return, remember, and reflect, through multiple linguistic and visual paths, upon the delicate fragments of memories and recordings that my own lifelong educational testimony has performed and becomes a textual and oral autoethnography. Evoking a mythical feminist metaphor of indigenous women's history as a verb of my present position as a Latina subject, a fieldwork of memories becomes alive and anew: it employs gaze, tongue, and body to nurture plural communities in their daily practices to remember and reimagine journeys out of neoliberal amnesia. Okpalaoka, Chinwe L, The Ohio State University Revisiting Colonial Legacies: Endarkened Transnational Feminisms and the Connectedness of Black women's Experiences in the Diaspora Recognizing that history and temporality play a role in the forms of oppression that Black women confront in the diaspora, this paper focuses on the notion that the interlocking oppressions that Black women face, regardless of their nuanced variations, serve as connectors to a common goal for liberation. By situating this paper within Black, African and endarkened feminist epistemologies, I am speaking to the relationship that exists amongst these epistemologies and Black women everywhere. Using my narratives and the narratives of recent study participants, this paper proposes a transnational endarkened feminism that embraces the collective diversity of Black women's experiences. Okpalaoka, Chinwe L., Ohio State University The Ties that Bind: Endarkened Transnational Femin The purpose of my recently completed doctoral study was to explore the experiences of West African immigrant adolescent girls with migration, crosscultural encounters, and the questions surrounding Black immigrant ethnic identity construction. I utilized a Black feminist framework in this study. Since then, I have revisited the findings of this study in reconsideration of what this study might have looked like through an endarkened transnational feminist framework (Dillard & Okpalaoka, upcoming 2010). The study findings suggest that the major components of this framework, struggle and spirituality, were present in the participants' stories. I propose that an endarkened transnational feminist lens may better suit an examination and understanding of the experiences of African ascendant women, regardless of where they are located in the Diaspora.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

195

Olafson, Janet, Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare Interactive Design in a Transpelvic Prosthetic Fitting: Patient-Practitioner's Narratives This single case study reflects on patient and practitioner experience in the process of creating a custom suspension prosthesis for a patient with bilateral leg and transpelvic amputations. Qualitative inquiry offers an important addition to research in prosthetics and orthotics that allows practitioners to learn more in depth from patient narratives, thereby enhancing design perspectives. It reflects on a patient's medical and social needs and captures information about the prosthetic creation process itself. This study reveals the significant social implications of an effective prosthesis on a patient's life. olga lucia, obando salazar, Universidad del Valle ANALISIS DE LAS POLITICAS P_îBLICAS DE INFANCIA Y ADOLESCENCIA EN EL VALLE DEL CAUCA See Bairon, Otalvaro Marin Oliveira, Cirlene Aparecida Hil_¯rio da Silva, Universidade Estadual Paulista UNESP-Franca PONTOS INSTIGANTES ACERCA DA PESQUISA QUALITATIVA See Souza, Tatiana Machiavelli Carmo Oliveira, Walter Ferreira, Federal University of Santa Catarina A Matrix Based Study on Deinstitutionalization in a Psychiatric Hospital in Southern Brazil: Preliminary Reports Deinstitutionalization is a central concept in current Brazilian mental health reform. To deinstitutionalize 300 patients a psychiatric hospital administration promoted evaluation focused on performance of daily activities and socialization abilities. GPPS, a research group on mental health policy, assessed how this evaluation impacts professionals, using Matrix Based approach, in which team work encompasses all study steps, from conception to data collection, analysis, and text writing. Task teams construct matrixes, progressively incorporated to the study as a whole. This process produces collective identity and collective discourse, more in-depth and more critical scrutiny, more accurate views of individual, institutional, social, and processual realities. Preliminary results show objectification and exclusion of mentally ill, institutional and professional resistances to deinstitutionalization, fragmentation of information provided to professionals participating in the evaluation. Oliveira, Walter Ferreira, Federal University of Santa Catarina Doing Team Research Work: The Matrix Based Approach GPPS, a Brazilian research group on health policy/mental health, proposes a new form of doing research, the Matrix Approach, in which team work encompasses all steps of studies, from conception to data collection, analysis, and text writing. Task teams construct matrixes of partial products, shared and progressively incorporated by the whole research group, and used for advancing the study as a whole. This process produces a collective identity, and a collective discourse through the research report. Benefits of this new approach include

196

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

more in-depth and more critical scrutiny, allowing for more accurate views of individual, institutional, social and processual realities. Oliveira, Walter Ferreira, Federal University of Santa Catarina SA_îDE MENTAL: REFLEX_ãES EPISTEMOL_çGICAS SOBRE O OLHAR DA REFORMA NO BRASIL Historicamente o campo da Sa__de Mental (SM) pauta-se em duas vertentes: organicista e psicodin_ mica, cujas contraposi_·_Êes e negocia_·_Êes apresentam-se em um contexto social de embates pol__ticos, ideol__gicos e paradigm_¯ticos. A Reforma Psiqui_¯trica (RP) questiona o poder psiqui_¯trico, repensa e reformula o modelo assistencial tradicional, promove a sa__de e os direitos humanos e civis. A dimens_úo epistemol__gica da SM evidencia quest_Êes que permeiam a constitui_·_úo e a vida da pessoa. A pesquisa muda o olhar da SM: da doen_·a para o sofrimento, do doente para o sujeito ativo e integral, do tratamento de base hospitaloc__ntrica e medicamentosa para a rede de aten_·_úo psicossocial e projetos terap__uticos abrangentes. A Reforma implica um olhar qualitativo, cr__tico e reflexivo sobre a pr_¯tica repensando as bases paradigm_¯ticas que norteiam as interven_·_Êes e a compreens_úo dos atores interagentes, buscando uma postura de flexibiliza_·_úo e transforma_·_úo social, pol__tica e econ_æmica. Oliveira, Walter Ferreira, Federal University of Santa Catarina The Mental Health Reform in Brazil: Qualitative Research as an Epistemological Challenge to Psychiatric Oppression The Brazilian mental health (MH) reform is a complex social process involving human rights, democracy, community, professional power, and social control. Traditionally, MH is subordinated to psychiatry and incorporates an epistemology of the human mind based on descriptive quantitative psychopatology of institutionalized people. The Brazilian reform proposes deconstruction of the medical, psychiatric, political, and administrative powers that prevent the mentally ill from becoming real citizens. Qualitative research is one means of producing this change and challenges the scientificist position that supports the more conservative, nosological, institutionalized view on how to deal with, to treat, and to control the mentally ill. Oliveira, Walter Ferreira, Federal University of Santa Catarina RESEARCHING THE RESEARCH: PRELIMINARY REPORTS ON A STUDY ON DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION IN BRAZIL This is a Matrix Based study, a new methodology used by GPPS _éç Research Group on Mental Health Policy. Data was collected through participant observation, documental analysis, and semi-structured interviews of professionals working in an evaluation research project looking at the performance of daily activities and degrees of socialization of patients of a Brazilian psychiatric hospital. The objective is to analyze the impact of the deinstitutionalization that caused the hospital to conduct the evaluation in the institution and its professionals. Preliminary results show the complexity of deinstitutionalization, which influences institutional and professional relationships between patients and professionals. Patients were excluded from the design and implementation of the

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

197

evaluation process at all levels, showing that the institution continues to work under a paradigm of exclusion and oppression of the mentally ill. Oliveira, Walter Ferreira, Federal University of Santa Catarina RESEARCHING THE RESEARCH: PRELIMINARY REPORTS ON A STUDY ON DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL This is a Matrix Based study, a new methodology used by GPPS _éç Research Group on Mental Health Policy. Data was collected through participant observation, documental analysis, and semi-structured interviews of professionals working in an evaluation research project looking at the performance of daily activities and degrees of socialization of patients of a Brazilian psychiatric hospital. The objective is to analyze the impact of the deinstitutionalization that caused the hospital to conduct the evaluation in the institution and its professionals. Preliminary results show the complexity of deinstitutionalization, which influences institutional and professional relationships between patients and professionals. Patients were excluded from the design and implementation of the evaluation process at all levels, showing that the institution continues to work under a paradigm of exclusion and oppression of the mentally ill. Oliveira, Walter Ferreira, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina SA_îDE MENTAL: O OLHAR DA REFORMA NO BRASIL See Ribas, Marilene Vieira Olson, Kjersti, University of MInnesota The Bolivian Education Reform Act of 1994/Law 1565 This article uses critical discourse analysis to explore how the World Bank leverages its ideology and power onto the educational system in Bolivia through its sponsoring of the Bolivian Education Reform Act of 1994. The author posits that the World Bank in the summary of their case study of the reform effort utilizes multiple discursive tools to obfuscate meaning, conceal the impact of the imposed reform efforts and enforce their institutional elitism. Orgaz-Baz, Maria, Speech analysis of sexual life and sexual experiences of adult indigenous women from the north of Chile See Zapata Sepulveda, Pamela Ortecho, Mariana Jesus, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba Performances Studies, the Needed Confluence Between Science and Arts This paper aims to reflect on the notion of performance, covering from the origins of the term in the field of drama to its current scientific applications.I focus on this concept as a basis to provoke a discussion regards possible concomitances between scientific and artistic practices. From that point on it would be of an at most interest to locate geopolitical situations in which these two modes of knowledge production were set apart, resulting in a conception well estblished today that associates art to fiction and science to truth.

198

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Ortecho, Mariana Jesus, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba Performances Studies, the Needed Confluence Between Science and Arts See Ortecho, Mariana Jesus Osorio Alvarez, Astrid, Universidad pontificia bolivariana Ejecucciones extrajudiciales dentro de la politica de seguridad democratica la ponencia es producto de una investigaci__n del semillero de estudios internacinacionales y del centro de derechos humanos de la universidad pontificia bolivariana sede medell__n Colombia integrado por docentes y estudiantes de derecho y ciencias politicas cuyo proposito es ayudar a las victimas del conflicto armado en Colombia aproximandonos a esta realidad por medio de entrevistas talleres y capacitaciones en los que participan ademas de las comunidades profesionales de diferentes areas la investigaci__n osorio, cesar Alejandro, Universidad de San Buenaventura Medell__n En el Caos: Las cifras de homicidio en las "comunas" TMõNegaci__n o Consecuencia del Desarrollo? Medell__n una de las ciudades que presenta los m_¯s importantes niveles de desarrollo socio-econ__mico de Colombia, pretende haber superado el estigma del narcotr_¯fico de la d_cada de los ochenta y noventa, cuando llegando al ranking de las ciudades m_¯s violentas del mundo, ahora precisamente en una _poca de progreso, modernizaci__n e inserci__n en el contexto mundial como ciudad competitiva y bajo un gobierno de centro izquierda atraviesa una crisis de seguridad ciudadana en los barrios perif_ricos de la ciudad que elevado a __ndices insospechados el __ndice de muertas violentas, cuando se pensaba en un TM¯nunca m_¯s!, Este trabajo investigativo presenta las realidades de las ciudades capitales latinoamericanas, tomando como estudio del caso a la ciudad de Medell__n en Colombia, haciendo un an_¯lisis comparativo del desarrollo y la pobreza en el _¯mbito de la modernidad, en la evoluci__n natural de la sociedades post-b_licas. Osso, Julia Marina Ruiz, Ball State University Educacao Intercultural: Novas Tecnologias, Velhos Paradigmas Ha alguns anos, tive a oportunidade de participar de uma iniciativa pedagogica intercultural na qual alunos de duas universidades, uma brasileira e a outra americana, trabalharam juntos para desenvolver campanhas de relacoes publicas internacionais. Na epoca, a tecnologia que estava sendo utilizada na comunicacao entre as equipes era considerada de ponta. No entanto, a abordagem pedagogica empregada foi bastante tradicional e acabou servindo para reforcar estereotipos culturais e politicos. O projeto rendeu bons frutos para os participantes, mas deixou irrealizado um potencial para convidar alunos e professores ao questionamento critico. Meu objetivo neste trabalho e apontar caminhos para a aplicacao da pedagogia critica em futuras iniciativas deste tipo.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

199

Osso, Julia Marina Ruiz, Ball State University Do You Really Want Us Here? The Marginalization of International Students on US University Campuses Universities across the United States are engaged in efforts to recruit international students, all the while claiming to embrace diversity. Less visible, however, are the measures taken by these institutions to welcome internationals on campus and provide them with a high quality educational experience. In this autoethnographic study of international students at a medium-sized U.S. Midwestern state university (MSU), the author draws from her own personal experience, participant observations carried out over a period of one year, and in-depth interviews with fifteen other international students, to shed light on how international students experience life at MSU. Participants' narratives illustrate the marginalization of international students in their interactions with American classmates, faculty and staff, and explain why so many internationals are left wondering, Do you really want us here? Owens, Deborah Duncan, Arkansas State University Phonemes, Phonics, and Fluency: The Bifurcation of Emergent Literacy Instruction for Poor and Marginalized Populations This paper critically examines literacy instruction for poor children and marginalized populations. Methodologies for teaching low socio-economic emergent readers focus on breaking the alphabetic code and thus represent a significantly narrowed literacy curriculum. Methodologies for teaching middle or upper middle class emergent readers focus on constructing meaning through authentic literacy experiences which reinforce literacy skills learned prior to entering a formal educational setting. These approaches to reading instruction create bifurcated literacy tracts in which poor and marginalized children are not adequately prepared to function and thrive within an increasingly complex global society or empowered to fully participate in a democratic society. This paper demonstrates how early literacy instruction for lower socio-economic communities and other socially marginalized populations is overly deterministic and socially reproductive as it reinforces existing social positions. Owens, Deborah Duncan, Arkansas State University Social Shock and the Panacea of Free Market Theory: Segregation, Juntas, Hurricanes, and the Assault on Public Education See Fiala, Thomas J. Owens, Jason H, North Carolina at Greensboro "Gang" Perceptions of a Nation: A Leaders' Story When asked the basic question, "Tell me the story of your life," the respondent answered, "I was born methadone addicted." The respondent is a regional leader of The Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation. This one question sets in motion the chronicling of a personal narrative that has a richness and depth that is otherwise hard to come by. This form of narrative research, credited to Kathleen Casey, produces all of the concepts that are connected to narrative analysis; selectivity, slippage, silence, framing, and intertextuality to name a few. Catherine Kohler Riessman (1993) claims that "Individuals construct past events and actions in personal narratives to claim identities and construct lives" (p. 2). With

200

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

this one simple question, the life story of an ALKQN member/leader will be shared within the framework of a valued qualitative research method. Ozaki, Rebecca, University of Hawaii Diabetes Intervention and Employment: A Randomized Controlled Mixed Methods Study See Christ, Thomas Ozel, Ali, Dumlupinar University Father as Authority in the Eyes of Preschool Children See Temur, Turan Ozen, Arzu, Anadolu University Special Education Teachers' Opinions On Play Skills Arzu Ozen, Anadolu University; Yasemin Ergenekon, Anadolu University; Derya Genc, Anadolu University and Burcu Ulke-Kurkcuoglu, Anadolu University This study aims to determine the opinions of teachers regarding play activities loaded in their daily schedule. An interview form containing 9 questions was prepared and applied in order to figure out participants' opinions on play activities. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the participants and the findings have been analyzed qualitatively. All interviews were audio-taped and took 24 to 54 min. 122 pages of data were obtained from the transcription of the audio-taped interviews. At the end of the data analysis, six main themes were emerged. Findings will be discussed during the presentation. Ozen, Arzu, Anadolu University Preschool Teachers' Opinions On Play Skills Yasemin Ergenekon, Anadolu University; Arzu Ozen, Anadolu University; Burcu Ulke-Kurkcuoglu, Anadolu University and Derya Genc, Anadolu University See Ergenekon, Yasemin Ozturk, Mustafa Kemal, Hacettepe A Qualitative Study of Reflections on the Earthquakes: Experiences of the Turkish Pre-service Teachers It is obvious that disasters have serious short or long term impact on people lives. The fact Turkey lies on an earthquake zone, every people who live in this country face the challenges of this natural disaster. This study was conducted to explore Turkish pre-service teachers' experiences related to earthquakes. The participants in this study were 10 pre-service teachers who had first-hand experience the earthquakes in any of their lifespan. For data analysis two methods of qualitative inquiry were used; focused group discussions, and individual indepth interviews. The findings reflect changing reactions of pre-service teachers' for pre-, pro-, and post-earthquake sufferings. These reflections include areas such as: disaster response strategies, public awareness, disaster awareness, and urban planning and management.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

201

P_rez, Nelly, Universidad de Antioquia Action Research in Health See Penaranda, Fernando P_rez, Mirla, Universidad Central de Venezuela Historia de vida e historia de la familia Situamos esta investigacion en lo que en el Centro de Investigaciones Populares entendemos como investigaci__n convivida. Aqu__ presentamos una fascinante combinacion entre historia de vida e historia documental de la familia popular venezolana.Nos interesa la lectura cualitativa del m_todo hist__rico y su renovaci__n y actualizacion a partir de la historia-de-vida (siglo XX). Las fuentes documentales (siglos XVIII-XIX) nos presentan una informaci__n fija que al contraponerla a la vida que acontece en la narraci__n recobra frescura. Una frescura que nos permite descubrir la trama socio-cultural cuyo sentido est_¯ en el mundo familiar. P_rez, Stella Maris, Nacional del Sur INVESTIGACI_çN CUALITATIVA, ESTUDIOS DE G_ÉNERO Y NU See Burstein, Nidia Pacini-Ketchabaw, Veronica, University of Victoria Doing Early Childhood Education Research Rhizomatically This paper will address some of the methodological challenges faced by research in early childhood education as policies and practices in the field attempt to respond to today's global neoliberalism through constructing and controlling childhoods. It will also explore the possibilities that emerge when research becomes a continual critiquing and revisioning-using new languages and inventions- of global neoliberalism's deepest values, assumptions and beliefs. The paper will address these ideas using the concept of rhizomatic inquiry following Deleuzo-Guattarian philosophy and examples from a research project on early childhood professionalization. Padilha, Maria Itayra, Federal University of Santa Catarina/Brazil "The History of Life patients that suffer from Morbid Obesity--An Experience in South of Brazil" This research aims to know the history of life of patients that suffer from morbid obesity and are hospitalized in a general hospital to go through Bariatric Surgery. Descriptive qualitative research in which interviews were conducted, targeting the history of life of ten people, which the results pointed to difficulties to self-care that are evident by the abandonment of practice of physical activities and body pain. Sexuality is not an important factor, although prejudice has a great part in the obese?s daily routine, interfering in his life, attitudes and decisions make. The negative self-image motivates the achievement of bariatric surgery. The speeches revealed the ignorance about the disease and surgery and the importance of the health team in this process. Keywords: History, Obesity, Morbid obesity, Bariatric surgery

202

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Paez, Florencia, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba Performances Studies, the Needed Confluence Between Science and Arts See Ortecho, Mariana Jesus Pak, Soon-Yong, Yonsei University Mothers and Children of "Multicultural Families": Challenges of Collecting and Analyzing Dyad Data This paper examines the experiences of so-called "multicultural families" (families formed through international marriages) in South Korea, with specific focus on the education of the children of such families. These children face multiple challenges such as social studies curricular emphasis on ethnic homogeneity, overt or subtle discrimination by classmates, and identity crises. The methodological challenge is to look not only at the experiences of these children, but also the experiences of the mothers who are foreign-born since the latter invariably influences the former. I propose both the child and the mother of the multicultural family as a dyad that make up one unit of analysis in order to clarify their interdependence and interaction. Previous studies on similar subjects have treated the experiences of mothers and children separately and then compared the results, which can obscure reality. I will discuss the importance and challenges of collecting and analyzing dyad data. Palmi, Christopher, Lewis University Developing the Literacy Library for Content-Area T Many secondary school educators are unfamiliar with the ways in which literacy plays an important role with their classroom. A strategy used with pre-service educators to encourage greater attention to the language arts is the literacy library. Using examples from student work, this session focuses on ways in which high school teachers can develop libraries as well as how they might manage the multiple resources available to them and their students. Panata, Cintia, "The History of Life patients that suffer from Morbid Obesity--An Experience in South of Brazil" See Padilha, Maria Itayra Parga, Lucila, Universidad Pedag__gica Nacional Reform and teachers identities in Mexico This paper is aimed at discussing the situation for teachers in Mexican secondary schools and how the Reform provoked a profound change in their professional identities.I present an analysis of six interviews carried out with teachers in Mexico City secondary school. These results are based in qualitative research with interviews. The focus was the discourse analysis of the teachers and recognize the attitudes about the knowledge of the Reform . The aim is to explain some representations by the teachers, how the teachers contribute to produce, reproduce or transform the relations between the school and the Reform.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

203

Parias, Raul, Universidad Santo Tom_¯s Medellin La ley penal y los efectos del lenguaje en el comportamiento de los hinchas en equipos de futbol de Medell__n See londo_Òo, maria adelaida Park, Hye-Young (Lisa), University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Creative Lab Experiments: Rewriting Academic Prose for the Big Screen The author provides the opportunity for scholarly community to accompany her in her journey of presenting the same data in three different modes of writing. Moving from traditional monolingual-dominated academic writing into the genre of screenplay has allowed her to honor the complex set of data that emerged from this unique bilingual situation. The author felt that the meaning was diminished when she wrote of our bilingual experience in traditional "formal language": How was she to portray the bilingual data in a way that readers could form their own interpretations through vicarious experience? Her first attempt was in the genre of a stage play. At the advice of the reviewer and the editor of Qualitative Inquiry, she transformed it into a screenplay. In this piece, the author wants to make the process transparent while discussing such evolving issues as authenticity, author's multiple roles, and venue for publication. Park, Hye-Young (Lisa), University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign "An Asian Woman's Autoethnographic Performance: from Docile Oriental to Sneaky Yellow Peril" We are experiencing less and less overt black-white racism, yet racial bias still influences our daily lives in a subtle and convoluted way at the intersection of other elements such as gender and class. Interweaving postcolonial and feminist theories in an autoethnographic performance, the author demonstrates how a sudden unexpected conflict transforms the stereotype of Asian women from docile, quiet, or timid into a "yellow peril," characterized by sneaky, greedy, and manip ]

The author provides the opportunity for scholarly community to accompany her in her journey of presenting the same data in three differe Park, Mijung, University of Hawaii Immigrant Women's Perspectives on Caring for a Mental Ill Family in the US As the number of ethnic minorities and multicultural families rapidly increases, the issues of how culture intersects with health became increasingly important. Because culture affects persons' illness experience and management, understanding culturally specific needs of immigrant population may be an important step to designing culturally appropriate health care services. In these processes, often ignored were immigrant women's experiences and their voices. The purpose of this interpretative phenomenological study was to describe, from the feminist perspectives, the family caregiving practices in Korean American families. Narrative data were collected from six Korean American women who cared for their mentally ill family members in the U.S. The findings emphasizes

204

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

that Korean women, instead of rejecting the Confucian-inspired gender role as caregivers, negotiated and adapted it to the U.S. society. Park, Su-Yeon, Yonsei University Feedback on a short-term camp with qualitative methods: focused on experiences and changes of participants Camps have been commonly evaluated by simple questionnaire, regardless of how complicated the theme of camps is. This research is the new attempt to evaluate short-term camps with qualitative methods in Korea. Titled International Youth Camp(IYC) held by UNESCO Korea since 1966, it seeks to build the capacity of young people from around the world to begin to consider global issues together. The purpose of the camp is for participants to know what glocal solidarity means and how they act glocally. This study focuses on the experiences and changes of Korean participants as being with foreign ones. For this study, participant observations for two months of preparing period and 11days of the whole main camp, and records from the sessions were main methods. In addition, interviews were conducted before, during, and after the main camp. This paper helps understand the procedure of changes through experiences beyond official programs. Parra de Colmenares, Zully Del Carmen, Universidad Pedagogica Experimental Libertador Values Resignifiction of ID from Popular Demostrat EL Folklore is a fundamental part of the personality of the individual marking the pattern in conjunction spiritual and social development of a nation. It is necessary to guide the training of citizens in this regard. The aim of this paper is to present the expertise developed at the Táchira nucleus UPEL from the chair: "The teacher and popular cultural manifestations." Whose purpose is to investigate popular demonstrations. The achievements are significant, because teachers have been involved with the realities of their community, thus becoming local researchers, motivating and reinforcing values that shape the sense of belonging and identity. Parra, Marcela Alejandra, Universidad Nacional del Comahue Estrategias de Investigacion/Intervencion Cualitat Estrategias de Investigacion/Intervencion Cualitativas en Contextos Comunitarios de Movilizacion Social en America LatinaA traves de la presente ponencia realizamos una reflexion en torno a las estrategias de investigacion/intervencion cualitativas que se desarrollan en contextos comunitarios y de movilizacion social en America Latina.Dicha reflexion esta guiada por la preocupacion acerca de la especificidad que adquieren dichas estrategias en los mencionados contextos, especificidad que consideramos viene dada fundamentalmente por la conjuncion entre los procesos de investigacion e intervencion y por el compromiso etico politico que el uso de las mismas implican. Parra, Marcela Alejandra, Universidad Nacional del Comahue Reflexiones metodologicas en torno al uso de herra Reflexiones metodologicas en torno al uso de herramientas cualitativas de investigacion/intervencion para la comprension de la accion socialTMõQue es

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

205

la accion social? TMõcomo comprendemos una accion social? TMõcon que herramientas cualitativas contamos para alcanzar dicha comprension? TMõque es comprender?, TMõque es explicar?, etc., son algunas de las preguntas que guian el presente texto. Estas son algunas de las preguntas cuyas respuestas buscamos ensayar en el presente texto a trav_s de una reflexi__n acerca de las relaciones entre nuestras maneras de entender la comprension de la accion social y las potencialidades y los limites de las herramientas de investigacion/intervencion cualitativa que utilizamos para alcanzar dicha comprension. Parry, Diana C, Unviersity of Waterloo Rude Awakenings: Easing the Transition to Motherhood through First Time Parenting Groups See Mulcahy, Caitlin M Parsons, Marilyn, UIUC A Dialogue Across Cultural Perspectives: Turkish and American Global Education Issues In this research study we interviewed professors at a Turkish and U.S. university involved in globalizing teacher education curriculum and instruction and looked at these data in light of national goals and curriculum. We then critically analyzed the perspectives of these professors using theories and research in global education. We also interviews 10 graduates of these programs in their first 5 years of teaching upper elementary grades to better understand how global education curricula is enacted and how these new teachers think about the possibilities and challenges of teaching global perspectives. Pasque, Penny A., University of Oklahoma A Methodological Exploration of Postmodern and Constructivist Approaches to Interviewing Broido and Manning (2002) argue that postmodernism, feminist theory and critical theory, among others, offer higher education researchers "new ways to consider their relationships with students, colleagues, institutions, and society" (p. 444). Moreover, Abes (2009) encourages researchers to consider experimenting with the choice and application of theoretical perspectives. To answer this call, I provide an in-depth exploration of the differences/similarities of postmodern face-to-face interviews and constructivist teleconference interviews with women leaders throughout higher education. I follow the two distinct lenses, and their congruent methodologies, methods, and findings, in order to reflect on the complexities and power of researcher's determinations. Patel, Rushika, UIUC Surveilling and Policing South Asian youth on Post 9/11 New York City The speaker discusses the surveilling and criminalization of South Asian youth in New York City and Jersey City with specific reference to 9/11, The War in Iraq, US schooling and the Model Minority discourse. The author argues that the model minority discourse is deployed under new logics at the level of the State and Civil Society in post 9/11 times. The `macro' and `micro' politics of inequality and State repression are analyzed in light of youth narratives about racism, capitalism, patriarchy, sexual violence, linguistic discrimination, religious

206

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

discrimination and citizenship. These narratives are juxtaposed with historical, political and economic analysis of relations between the US and South Asia since the 1960's. Pati_Òo G__mez, Zaida, Universidad Aut__noma Metropolitana Pensamiento cr__tico e investigaci__n como praxis Si bien es cierto que vivimos en un mundo globalizado, tambi_n es cierto que no todos los individuos lo perciben y lo viven as__, muchos grupos reivindican la experiencia local y el saber que se produce a partir de la pr_¯ctica. Las corrientes cr__ticas y radicales as__ lo conciben, posicionando la investigaci__n en v__nculo directo con la praxis. De esta forma, el saber que se produce de la experiencia no es est_ril sino ostenta una potencia transformadora de su realidad. Utilizando como pretexto la experiencia de programas de formaci__n cient__fica en M_xico y Colombia, proponemos una reflexi__n epistemol__gica sobre las metodolog__as cr__ticas, que han surgido especialmente en Latinoam_rica, con la intencionalidad de evidenciar su potencialidad. Patr__n -Cortes, Roger, Universidad Autonoma de Campeche Appreciative Inquiry and Responsive Evaluation: A case study See Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith Juliana Patron -Cortes, Roger, Universidad Autonoma de Campeche Challenges and strategies of beginning principals in Southern Mexico See Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith Juliana Patti, Chris, University of South Florida Mother: Writing through the Silence of (Not) Knowing Your Abuse "Mother" is a story that came from listening to silences: the silences of how I write about my life, the silences of Mom's abuse, and the silences of what I know about her abuse. I confront my fear of bringing up memories of the unknowable and unspeakable horror of long-term physical and sexual abuse from a father to a daughter_éåa daughter that happens to be my mom. I force myself to ask, "Why has Mom been absented from how I write about my life?" This paper uses autoethnographic approaches and creative nonfiction to write through and around these traumatic voids, painting a fragmented outline of the unknown, preparing me to listen to my mom's story of her abuse. The narrative is followed by meta-autoethnographic (Ellis, 2008), cultural, and personal analyses that contextualize the project within larger intersections of communication, trauma, and representation. Paulus, Trena, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Using the Discursive Action Model to Understand Knowledge Claims in an Online Learning Environment The purpose of this presentation is to demonstrate the use of the discursive action model (Edwards & Potter, 1992), a discursive psychology approach to examining conversational and textual data. Eschewing the notion that discourse data is simply a way to access what occurs within an individual's mind, this particular methodological approach offers a theoretical and analytic lens by which

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

207

to consider the social actions initiated and achieved by what people `actually' do with their talk. Drawing upon data from online conversations about dietary supplements among undergraduate students, we demonstrate how the discursive action model can be used as a conceptual scheme to understand how people's identities, minds, and selves are managed, contested, and made relevant through discourse. Pe_Òa, Gloria-Margarita Gurrola, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Dra See Nava, Patricia Balcazar Pe_Òa, Gloria-Margarita Gurrola, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico Constructos personales en personas con diabetes me See Nava, Patricia Balcazar Pearson, Amy, Arizona State University space/place & writing as inquiry In this woven performance, we explore the role of imagery and space in writing as a form of methodological inquiry. More specifically, we explore the ways space and place influence and intersect with writing, and further, how one develops a writerly identity at the intersections of these conceptions both symbolically and materially. Using Western bars as a particular, localized social space, we theorize about the ways our experiences in small-town bars are situated, (and situate us as writers), in larger spatial contexts. Pearson, Amy, Arizona State University Illuminating Meanings of Work: (Re)Constructing Stress & Insecurity in Academe This research study seeks to explore the ways stress and insecurity are discursively constructed and taken up by academics. Interviews from fifteen academics at a large university in the southwestern United States are (re)constructed by the author in postmodern layered form to illuminate what stress looks and feels like in the academy. The aim of the piece is to provide a qualitative, situated account of the ways stress and insecurity are discursively constructed and embodied by professors, and to challenge academics to modify their discursive practice such that alternative narratives about the meanings of scholarly work are forwarded. Ultimately, this study aims to highlight the problematical ways academics frame their work such that discourses of stress and insecurity are naturalized, to illustrate the arbitrariness of these constructions of academic work-life, and to encourage scholars to talk about their work differently in order to invite greater wellness into their lives. Peaslee, Robert Moses, Texas Tech University Fantastical fandom? Production and consumption at the "fan" festival This paper reports on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in 2009 at the Fantastic Fest entertainment festival, held annually in Austin, Texas. Utilizing

208

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

participant observation, in-depth interviews, and a social semiotic approach to the fest's visual environment, the paper analyzes the festival in terms of its various constituencies, the interpolations made between those players, and the experiences of those involved to come to an understanding of what the festival "means" in terms of the scholarly engagement with media texts, institutions, and audiences. Complicating previous definitions of fandom and problematizing the empowerment schools of both audiences and industries, this study engages theoretically with de Certeau's (1984) "science of the ordinary" and Couldry's (2003) "myth of the mediated centre" to determine the relationship between fan consumption and production and the degree to which that relationship is manufactured, massaged, or maligned by the entertainment industry. Peck, Emery , Ball State University Bruce Wayne: Gotham City's Hardest Working Qualitative Researcher Though the climate of research is uncertain, it is undeniable that qualitative methods are an ever growing and increasingly criticized form of work. Since entering the field, qualitative research methods have changed the manner in which many, especially those who are not qualitative researchers themselves, look at the process of conducting research. In a similar vein, though of a fictional nature, Bruce Wayne changed the way detective work was done by creating the persona of Batman. Through multiple comparisons, the qualitative method and the work of Batman are put side by side. Beginning with the similarities in the initial resistance that each received, the manner in which the work differs from the standard or approved methods and the role each plays in the world of others, the comparisons made provide a means for seeing qualitative work from a different light. Pelias, Ron, Southern Illinois University Panelist Each participant will select a passage from Laurel Richardson's book, Last Writes: A Daybook for a Dying Friend, to read to the audience and talk briefly about why that passage was chosen. Laurel will then respond. Pelias, Ron, Southern Illinois University Loss This essay is written on the first anniversary of my father's death. Using a fragmentary compositional style, the essay comes forward in waves of insistent images, in collected and and constructed tales, in needed memories. The essay functions as a means of recovery, as a way of sharing what inevitably comes. It is told with the aim of laying bare one person's experience of loss. Pelias, Ronald, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale Leaning: Taking a Stance in Relationship to Others As researchers, we necessarily assume a position in relationship to others, to those we study and to those we address. Even our most solipsistic musings take a stance in relationship to others since we are constituted in interaction, made into social selves. In this essay, I explore, using the metaphor of leaning, the various stances researchers might embrace as they live and write in the company of others.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

209

Pelias, Ronald J, Southern Illinois University The Work of We The joy of our continuing writing presence in each others' lives, our pleasure and surprise at such friendship, earned through hard writing labour, is manifest alongside an awareness that there is always more to do. As in previous years, we cannot know where writing _éç or life itself _éç will take us by the end of May 2010; we are unable to say what our writing will be `about' when we stand that day in front of you alongside each other in a gentle arc. However, we believe that we can undertake to offer stories of how writing touches, how it writes bodies into being and in between. We turn and return to love and intimacy as scholarly, messy, complex methodology as we send writing to each other that we, in turn, pick up on _éç and sometimes do not _éç in our responses; writing that often affirms and sometimes disturbs. Peloso, Alejandra, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba Performances Studies, the Needed Confluence Between Science and Arts See Ortecho, Mariana Jesus Pena, Ricardo S., Campinas Medical Undergraduate Formation: an inquiry in pos-structural perspective See Carvalho, S_rgio Resende Penaranda, Fernando, Universidad de Antioquia Action Research in Health Research has shown that it is difficult to make changes in pedagogical perspectives in health education, usually based on traditional or behavioral models. The process and results of an action research study in regard with the educational dimension of the growth and development monitory program in a health institution in Medell__n. Following Stenhouse's thoughts about the teacher as a researcher, it was developed a reflective process where the program's teams investigated their pedagogical practices and analyzed them taking in consideration their own experience as well as theory coming from past research done in their institution, as well as from other scientific texts. The results of this study provide a path that can be useful to tackle the difficulties in strengthening health education from an alternative perspective. Penaranda, Fernando, Universidad de Antioquia Nexos entre Justicia Social e Investigaci__n Cualit See Munoz, Ivan Perez, Carlos Andres, Universidad de Bridgeport Connecticut Medell__n En el Caos: Las cifras de homicidio en las "comunas" TMõNegaci__n o Consecuencia del Desarrollo? See osorio, cesar Alejandro

210

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Perez, Diana, University of Antioquia An ethnographic study about the social and culturals aspects around the Tubectomy in diferent cities in the Antioquia region See Piedrahita, Raul Perez, Diana Marcela, University of Antioquia Local Perceptions of Social & Environmental Risk Pointing to a Global Community Change: The Case of La Divisa Neighborhood in Medellin See Agudelo, Felipe Perez, Michelle Salazar, Southern Illinois University Using Situational Analysis to Design Critical Qualitative Research Critical, postmodern approaches to qualitative research attempt to examine power as complex and fluid without reifying notions of truths. Attempts, then, to construct and participate in research from critical, postmodern perspectives must be considered throughout the entire research process, including the design phase of inquiry. This paper describes the use of Adele Clarke's methodology, Situational Analysis, combined with a theoretical framework based on Patricia Hill Collins' Black Feminist Thought as a tool to design critical, postmodern qualitative research that examines discourses of power surrounding women and children of color and their lived experiences with currently diminishing access to public services in New Orleans post-Katrina. Situational maps are used to construct emergent, complex, and fluid research purpose(s) and questions, to assist in determining possible sources of data, and to begin the process of creating foundational maps for continued situational analysis. Perkins, Lawrence L, Texas A&M University They Have No Prior Knowledge: I Cannot Teach Them Prior knowledge or background knowledge is a two way street, yours as the teacher and theirs as students. This paper deals with the misconception harbored by many teachers with regard to their teenage students' lack of prior knowledge. It deals with the following questions. What are your expectations regarding their knowledge YOU want them to bring to class? What knowledge do they bring and how much? Have you ever considered their experiences, which do not necessarily coincide with your expectancies? (If so how do you validate theirs and tie them to yours?) Have you tried to relate or correlate their experiences with yours? Who, in your mind, is charged with connecting these two sets of experiences? Perkins, Nathan , Virginia Commonwealth University Our Experiences Living And Learning As Constructivist Researchers See Brady, Shane R. Peters, Karen, University of Illinois at Chicago Community Mobilization around Mental Health, Chronic Disease and Acculturation in Rural Hispanics: The Healthy Minds, Healthy Bodies Project There are few studies that have targeted interventions to rural immigrant Hispanic populations in the US Upper Midwest. This community mobiliza-

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

211

tion project, involved the formation of 5 partnerships to conduct a series of community-based participatory action research (CBPAR) projects to explore the relationships of acculturation and certain mental health conditions (e.g. stress, depression, health-related quality of life) with chronic diseases among a diverse group of rural Hispanic immigrant populations in Illinois. Using the CBPAR approach each community engaged in an assessment phase involving collection of data regarding the relationships between acculturation, mental health and chronic disease, developed small scale mobilization projects to address identified needs for health education/health promotion strategies in these areas, conducted evaluations of these efforts and created materials and programs for dissemination that can be used in other similarly situated communities. Peters, Karen, University of Illinois at Rockford Community Based Participatory Action Research: Promoting Inclusion and Well-Being among Indigenous Communities at the Colombian Amazon See Garces, Diana Marcela Peters, Karen Elaine, University of Illinois Mental health issues among rural Latino immigrants to the Midwest: Social justice reflections See Cristancho, Sergio Pettigrew, Jonathan, Penn State University Ethnographic Gatekeeping This paper explores gatekeeping in the context of a week-long, ethnographic project among the Garifuna people of Dangriga, Belize in Central America. Gatekeepers in ethnographic research have typically been framed as distant administrators who grant or deny access to a field, but gatekeeping should be expanded to include indigenous project coordinators as well as cultural informants who mediate entr_e into cultural understandings. In-situ gatekeepers influence the scope of a project and hold keys to their culture's epistemology and traditions. Further, they play a pivotal role in making > Pfeffer, Carla A., Purdue University North Central How Trans Families Queer and Reflect Normativity As gay and lesbian couples fight for legal recognition of same-sex marriage across the country, they face antagonism from both right-wing and left-wing political factions. On the right, same-sex marriage is often portrayed as a threat to the sanctity of heterosexual marriage. On the left, queer radicals offer vocal opposition that same-sex marriage recapitulates heteronormativity and detracts from a more progressive queer-rights agenda. At the interstices of these arguments, and complicating the very notions of "same-sex" marriage and "heteronormativity," are transgender families. In this qualitative interview study with fifty women partners of transgender men, from across the United States and Canada, I consider how these relationships and families challenge understand{

212

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

ings of marriage, normativity and queerness. Further, I consider how these unions both reflect and complicate these social categories, with transformative potentials for shifting the way we think and talk about each. Picotte, Heather, University of British Columbia Okanagan HIV and Nutritional Security in Canada: using Institutional Ethnography to Map Uncharted Territory This poster is based on my doctoral research which focuses on the problem of nutritional security for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) in a small Canadian urban centre. In Canada, HIV and AIDS have received decreased attention in recent years, as PLWHAs now have access to better antiretroviral medications, and on average, live longer and healthier lives. Nonetheless, nutritional security continues to be an acute problem for thousands of Canadian PLWHAs and as yet this problem is largely uncharted in both academia and the public sector. Institutional ethnography is, I believe, an effective methodology for studying how PLWHAs access nutrition in their community, and how extra-local and global forces affect nutritional security for this population. This poster presents how IE can be used to study this topic. It focuses in particular on how the use of IE is both affected by, and affects my dual role as academic and advocate in a community-based AIDS service organization. Piecka, Debra C. Burkey, Wheeling Jesuit University Examining Subjective Lenses when Conducting Research with Kindergartners: Understanding from a Child's Point of View in Order to Build a Faithful and Empowering Narrative Account This paper explores the researcher's subjective lenses during a classroombased study that examined how children make meaning using interactive videoconferencing technology in a kindergarten classroom. Discussion focuses on the exploration of the researcher's emotions as she stepped outside of her comfort zone as an adult to build rapport and trust with the young learners and their teacher. The researcher assumed a least adult role where she made a conscious effort to create an identity void of disciplinary responsibility and authority. A conscious effort was made to perform her role in nondominant ways in order to deconstruct traditional adult/child power relationships. During fieldwork, the researcher used journal entries as a way to work through her feelings, inquire about new perspectives, and challenge her assumptions about the children's language, culture, and meanings. Exploring these subjectivity issues assisted the researcher in giving voice to the kindergartner's experiences. Piedra, Lissette, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign The Heart and Mind of Behavioral Change: Creating a Group Therapy Experience to Facilitate the Use of Cognitive-Behavioral Theory Dynamic and highly contextualized, social work practice poses multiple problems for the straightforward application of theory. Cognitive and behavioralbased theories, despite a sizeable body of empirical support, continue to face serious limitations in their application to social work practice. Theoretically, part of the problem involves: (1) the indefinable experience of the practitioner, and (2) the client's motivation. Omission of these key psychological and social processes can create an experiential vacuum for both the clinician and the client,

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

213

diminishing enthusiasm for the intervention. Using case exemplars, interviews, and direct practice observations, this paper describes a theoretical fix to a manualized cognitive-behavioral group treatment. Modifications include using theoretical constructs to: (1) aid in the co-construction of a communal experience, (2) activate pre-existing healthy schemas, and (3) Cor Piedrahita, Raul, University of Antioquia An ethnographic study about the social and culturals aspects around the Tubectomy in diferent cities in the Antioquia region This ethnographic study was developed to find the perception and cultural implications about the tubectomy as a way to control birthrate, trying to find how the social and cultural context generates difficulties to the women about having decisions around their bodies and how it has not only a local impact on their economical and living conditions but to the regional, national, and international context. Having in mind the women social, environmental, educational and economical profile to achieve respect and power to decide for themselves. Piedrahita, Raul Oswaldo, University of Antioquia Local Perceptions of Social & Environmental Risk Pointing to a Global Community Change: The Case of La Divisa Neighborhood in Medellin See Agudelo, Felipe Pierce, Joy, University of Utah Digital Fusion: Mexican Immigrant Children Connect Digital fusion demands new types of power-sharing and the re-allocation of resources necessary to create educational, economic and social development for those who have been systematically excluded and denied access to a digital network society. This paper explains why digital inclusion is not enough. Through participant observation, the researcher explores how Mexican children in a Western town demonstrate their tech savvy and express their needs in today's digital network society. Autoethnography and participant narratives expose how we may create spaces that seize what mainstream members of a network society take for granted; explore wider implications and connotations, and emphasize context to a specific set of conditions. Pieters, Huibrie C., UCLA Connecting, Collaborating, and Constructing: Reflections of Two Rookies on Developing a Constructivist Grounded Theory Analysis Partnership See Dornig, Katrina Pillay, Venitha, University of pretoria Resistance in and through research This paper examines a methodological stance in which as a black woman scholar, I chose the three white respondents. One reason was my resistance to the tiresome practice of black women being researched by white. In this reflective paper I distinguish between race as the site of intellectual engagement and race as a point from which to engage in scholarship. I examine my actions in the

214

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

context black scholars and their engagement with the academic establishment. I argue that politicized and strategic understandings of methodological decisions can potentially create challenging means for intellectual activism. Pineau, Elyse, Southern Illinios University `The Kindness of [Medical] Strangers': Narratives of Presence, Compassion and Connection In my work as an autoethnographic performance poet exploring the lifespan of women's reproductive health care, I have created scathing parodies of medicalized patriarchy as a means to expose the systemic dehumanization of women by the medical industry. Yet, over years of procedures, I have been struck by moments of deep compassion and genuine collaboration with caregivers committed to more fully human interactions grounded in presence, compassion and connection. This performative essay thematizes these encounters through narratives of `kind strangers' in whose care I have been healed and wholed. Pineau, Elyse, Chasing shadows; making sense of lived experience through collaborative writing and performance See Gale, Ken Pinedo-Burns, Heather, Columbia University Stories Told and Untold: Working and Writing with My Mother We wrote by moonlight. Our writing filled with shadows, gaps, silences, and the shimmering essences of one another's memories, knowingly not fully viewing the landscape of the other before us. Our work was shaped and inspired by French feminist Hélène Cixous's (Cixous & Calle-Gruber, 1994/1997) concept of "`de lune à l'autrere' from moon to the other" (p. 10), decentering work with the other. While the purpose of our writing was to explore what happens when we engage in a written narrative inquiry together, as the project developed, my thoughts and concerns focused the ethics of our work. Within writing there are stories we chose to tell and not to tell. When writing with my mother, the choices we made in writing became central to my focus. What happens when the participant in your research is your mother? How do familial relationships shape the method and process of research Pinos Barreto, Susy, Hohenheim, Stuttgart Plantas usadas por parteras indigenas, Cotacahi EC This study aimed at documenting the plant species used by traditional Cotacachi midwives within the indigenous socio-cultural context, mainly the Andean cosmovision. Members of the midwife group "Jambi Mascaric" were interviewed about the plants they use. Based on these, traditional healing practices during the pre-birth, labour and post-birth phases as well as a local plant classification system are identified and the influence of the Andean cosmovision upon them is discussed. Midwives of Cotacachi play a key role in the preservation of both local knowledge and biodiversity in the study region. Their role also contributes to achieving the goal of UNORCAC (acronym in Spanish), "development with identity", by providing a culturally accepted health service to local women. Studies aiming at a regional conservation management of the medicinal

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

215

species are suggested as are studies in other regions of the country to further assess the linkages between cultural and biological diversity. Pizarro Hernandez, Karina Pizarro, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo Las historias de vida transnacionales para construir la identidad de la ciudad de Chicago a traves de las experiencias etnica gastronomica La propuesta es analizar como recrean los transmigrantes en la vida cotidiana los saberes y sabores de la cocina tradicional mexicana en la ciudad de Chicago. El m_todo utilizando es el translocal empleando historia de vida entre tamaleros, restauranteros y due_Òos de tiendas mexicanos. Dar a conocer las nuevas practicas en recetas, ritmos de comida, tiempos de preparaci__n de platillos mexicanos all_¯. La oposici__n y adaptaciones entre el fast food norteamericano y el slow food mexicano. Los mexicanos han regionalizado su oferta gastron__ mica m_¯s all_¯ del taco ofreciendo men__s ex__ticos como barbacoa, chinicuiles (gusanos), escamoles (hueva de la hormiga), mixi Pizarro Hernandez, Karina Pizarro, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo Las biografias transnacionales para reconstruir las diferencias entre jovenes de dos barrios (Mexico La propuesta es analizar como viven los jovenes en la vida cotidiana las diferencias de justicia, violencia y dignidad humana entre dos barrios transnacionales, utilizando el metodo translocal. Dicha metodologia se empleo levantando historia de vida entre jovenes del barrio de El Arbolito en la ciudad de Pachuca Hidalgo (Mexico) y el barrio de Pilsen en Chicago Illinois (Estados Unidos). Jovenes que viven una densa relacion social en ambos barrios y se percatan de las diferencias sociales y de justicia en ambos barrios. Es por medio de las biografias transnacionales es que se pueden construir estas diferencias tan sutiles. Pizarro Hernandez, Karina Pizarro, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo Conocer los contrastes sociales de las ciudades a traves de las historias de vida transnacionales Para entender las diferencias en la justicia social dentro del fenomeno transnacional urbano es necesario emplear el metodo translocal. La propuesta es hacer trabajo de campo transnacional levantando historias de vida transnacionales. Dicha metodologia se empleo en la ciudad de Pachuca Hidalgo (Mexico) y la ciudad de Chicago Illinois (Estados Unidos) a una familia que vive una densa relacion social en ambas ciudades y se percata de las diferencias en justicia social. Analizar las relaciones de desigualdades en el contexto transnacional ciudad-ciudad es decir como se vive en la vida cotidiana de una urbe a otra los contrastes sociales. Poedel, Robin J., University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Private Suffering Versus Public Symptoms: Illness Narratives from a Sample of HIV-Infected African American Men See Buseh, Aaron G.

216

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Polush, Elena, Iowa State University Making Meaning of and Lived-Through Experiences with Long-Term Care System: Case Study of People Living with Disabilities and Their Caregivers in Iowa Understanding the meaning and experiences of long-term care system for consumer living with disabilities and caregivers is vital for developing infrastructure that helps people with disabilities be effective community members and live independently. The purpose of the study was to elicit consumers' and caregivers' perceptions of the long-term care system in Iowa and provide input to the state for improvements in the quality of long-term care services. The authors collected data through semistructured individual or focus group interviews with 27 adults age 18-59 living with disabilities, 20 caregivers of adults with disabilities, and 24 caregivers of children under 18 with disabilities. Dialogical composition of interview narratives with members of each group was the analysis strategy to weave through participants' individual stories to capture the essence of their collective experiences. The authors discuss the implications of their findings for community actions and social policy. Popov, Lubomir Savov, Bowling Green State University Architectural Programming Site Visits and Qualitative Methodology It is very common in the process of architectural programming to visit bestin-class comparable facilities and learn from the experiences of their users. The process is very spontaneous and intuitive. All participating parties rely on common sense and logic. Programmers observe, ask questions, take photographs, and engage in casual conversations. It appears that there is much in common between this type of inquiry and qualitative research. There is a lot of room for improving and professionalizing site visits, and the purpose of this paper is to discuss the use of qualitative methodology in this process. The authors will present a proposal for adapting qualitative methods to the peculiarities of the site visit process, the information requirements of architects and clients, and the limitations imposed by time and budget restrictions. The project is part of a research program on application of qualitative methods in design. Popov, Lubomir Savov, Bowling Green State University Researching Best Practices: In Praise of Qualitative Methodology The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the advantages of qualitative methodology for the study of professional practice. The paper uses as a case study a project on best practices in facility programming. The project has been conceptualized separately with quantitative and qualitative approaches. Although the topic and the problem situation have been formulated similarly, the outcomes were strikingly different. In the first methodological version of the project, the quantitative approach brought mostly questionable descriptive statistics and little information about the programming process. The respondents tend to provide socially appropriate answers, avoided questions about their professional method, and offered their espoused theory. The qualitative methodology helped to reconstruct professional behavior, explicate tacit knowledge, and present programming activities in procedural format. There were much better opportunities for controlling quality of information.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

217

Popov, Lubomir Savov, Bowling Green State University The Place of Qualitative Methodology in Facility Programming Research See Popova, Margarita Savova Popov, Lubomir Savov, Bowling Green State University The Patsy and the Subcontractor Revisited: Towards a Qualitative Approach to Learning from Professional Experience See Popova, Margarita Savova Popova, Margarita Savova, Freelance design researcher The Place of Qualitative Methodology in Facility Programming Research Facility programming research is about understanding building users and their activities, needs, and culture. Very often this process is guided by architectural intuition and knowledge about building types. Inquisitive architectural behavior is closely related to the interpretative nature of qualitative methods. In this respect, qualitative methodology can offer both guidance and research tools that can increase trustworthiness of programmatic information and can provide a better understanding of sociospatial situations. The purpose of this project is to delineate the place of qualitative methodology in the programming process, as well as interconnections and interfaces with quantitative methods; to discuss advantages and disadvantages of qualitative methods in programming; and to propose ways of adapting the major qualitative methods and techniques to the constraints of programming research. The paper will also suggest directions for future work. Popova, Margarita Savova, Freelance design researcher The Patsy and the Subcontractor Revisited: Towards a Qualitative Approach to Learning from Professional Experience The seminal work of Barney Glaser about his patsy experiences is usually treated as a cornerstone case study in qualitative research methods. However, his text can also be read from the perspective of people and professionals learning from their own experience. The purpose of this project is to develop an approach to learning from one's personal professional experience. The content area is architecture and interior design. The project is based on the assumption that design professionals have spontaneous and unnoticeable ways of learning from their own experience. These tacit approaches resemble in many ways the methods of qualitative researchers. Our proposal is that the efficiency of professional learning from personal experience can be greatly enhanced with the help of qualitative methodology. Designers need to become fluent with qualitative methods not only to facilitate their study of building users, but also to enhance their ability to learn from personal experience. Popova, Margarita Savova, Freelance design researcher Architectural Programming Site Visits and Qualitative Methodology See Popov, Lubomir Savov

218

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Popova, Margarita Savova, Freelance design researcher Researching Best Practices: In Praise of Qualitative Methodology See Popov, Lubomir Savov Popovic, Megan L., The University of Western Ontario SkAtIng ON a Perfect Circle with a Dent and a Point My autoethnographic narratives will spiral together memories of figure skating, Jungian concepts of the archetypal feminine, synchronicity, and aion, and the process of doctoral performance within the university setting. Guided by the works of Marion Woodman on "conscious femininity," I will show how my lived experiences of a childhood infused with intense training within this competitive realm and imaginings of aesthetic perfection translated into deep-rooted perceptions of body-awareness, self-confidence, and success within a patriarchal sporting system. These memories will also serve as metaphors to illuminate current perspectives of the self-understanding, dissertation research, and engagement within the university arena. Further, I will incorporate a discussion of how I came to use Jungian psychological framework to shape and guide my doctoral work. Porter, Sue, Bristol Warming the method: Bringing Heart into Our Research through the Use of Imaging Sue Porter, Centre for Narratives and Transformative Learning,University of Bristol andAnn Rippin, Department of Management, University of Bristol This presentation originated in our joint fascination with relics, votives and sacred images. We have come to question why this potent imagery holds a fascination for us because neither of us are members of a conventional religious faith. In this paper we inquire into why we are drawn to emotionally charged imagery, and what this in turn tells us about our dissatisfaction with conventional visual inquiry methodology. At the heart of the methodology, and of our relationship as a European culture with these particular images, lies the feminine and the womanly, which is otherwise frequently bleached out of academic work. Porter, Sue, Bristol The Women's `Love' Collective Biography: Extracts and Critical Thoughts See Rippin, Ann Posada Zapata, Isabel Cristina, Universidad de Antioquia Participacion y salud Frontera colomboecuatoriana El Programa Lideres en Salud Internacional estudio la crisis de salud en las poblaciones fronterizas Colombo _éç Ecuatorianas. El objetivo fue describir la participacion comunitaria y su influencia en el desarrollo y la salud desde las experiencias de los habitantes. Se utilizo la Teoria Fundada y entrevistas a profundidad. Se encontro que existe una red social articulada con las instituciones con cooperacion y comunicacion y apoyo nacional e internacional con proyectos exitosos ante la crisis. Pero falta de integracion y evaluacion de procesos con alta afectacion por el conflicto colombiano y pobreza y falta de acceso a los servicios de salud.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

219

Post, Christopher, Allegheny-Singer Research Institute Immersion Within A Sistahood: Customs and Culture From An Ethnographic Perspective See Zuckerman-Parker, Michelle Poulos, Christopher, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro Stumbling into Relating: Accidental Ethnography and the Ethical Conundrum of Writing Relationships Writing relationships with others into our (auto)ethnographic tales is tricky, but necessary. This is where the so-called "crisis of representation," the use of writing as a method of inquiry, and our ethical obligations to the significant others in our lives collide head-on. As an accidental ethnographer who follows the organic flow of my own emergent writing--and who wholeheartedly embraces writing into and through communication problems--I written my way into some messy little corners while writing about others. But I have also stumbled into some intriguing, deep, and powerful relational turning points. Poulos, Christopher N., Univ. of North Carolina at Greensboro Constructing Mythic Identity and Culture: A Performance and Critique of The Ethnogs This panel interrogates the process of creating identities for a mythical rock band called The Ethnogs. The concept is an interactive one in which individuals define a place for themselves in the history and culture of the band. The panel uses innovative forms of representation as panelists engage in performances of their alter egos (musicians, leaders of fan clubs, security officers, and others) and present scholarly critiques of their participation. Themes include the social construction of rock culture, the blurring of fact and fiction, transgressions of identity construction, sexism and girl fandom, narrative performance of cultural memory, and others. Poulos, Christopher N., UNC-Greensboro Autoethnographic Reflections on Meta-Autoethnography See Adams, Tony E. Powell, Kimberly, Penn State University Making Sense of Place: Mapping as a Multisensory Research Method This paper argues for the importance of mapping as a multisensory research method in terms of its ability to evoke relationships between place, lived experience, and community. Based on an interdisciplinary summer research course conducted in the El Chorrillo neighborhood in Panama City, Panama, I describe a research project that combined arts-based research, design and urban planning methods, and ethnography to develop visual fieldwork methods for site-based research, urban planning, and community development in which mapping featured prominently as part of the research. The purpose of this paper is to establish an argument for the unique contribution of mapping as a qualitative method, particularly in the ways that contemporary aesthetics of mapping can be used to evoke the lived experience of social, cultural, and political issues related to place.

220

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Prado, Josie, The University of Alabama Negotiating Multiple Perspectives of Positionality: A Conflicted Autoethnography of a Bilingual Advocate, Novice Researcher and Protective Mother While researching language proficiency in relation to ethnic identity in a case study of four young adolescents, I uncovered overlooked complexities of my own positionality as bilingual advocate, novice researcher, and protective mother. This paper is an autoethnographic account of my realization of the tension between my advocacy for bilingualism and my resistance to use my second language with my own children. Using a postmodern framework, I consider the complexities of subjectivity in relation to language use especially in public versus private settings. Prakash, Ekta, University of Minnesota Exploring the Cultural Context of Food and Nutrition among East African Families in Minneapolis See Hurtado, Ghaffar Preissle, Jude, University of Georgia Teaching Qualitative Research Responsively Responsiveness is a quality endorsed by a variety of qualitative research traditions, referring to the interaction between researcher and research participant that generates the information or data sought. Responsiveness varies from the highly intensive interactions of interviews to more subtle interactions in participant observation and document analysis. I consider in this commentary how responsiveness can guide instruction in qualitative research. The goal is first to model a variety of research positions and second to integrate John Dewey's progressive and pragmatic pedagogy into teaching and learning qualitative inquiry. Prieto, Luis P., Valladolid Fill in the Gaps: A Rural School Community of Practice to Actively Design Technology-Based Learning Activities See Villagra, Sara Prince, Martin, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London A Qualitative Study of Psychosocial Consequences and Coping Strategies among Tsunami Survivors in Sri Lanka See Ekanayake, Samanthika Pulgarin, Oswaldo Antonio, Antioquia Characterization of growth and development in children institutionalized in Moravian neighborhood of the 4 commune Medellin Colombia See Montoya Restrepo, Diego Mauricio

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

221

pulido, cristobal, universidad de tarapaca Perceptions about gender discrimination of urban aymara's women from the region of Arica y Parinacota - CHILE See Moraga, Claudia Purnell, David, University of South Florida My Brother's Keeper Growing up indoctrinated with the "southern way" doctrine, I was never allowed to express my grief over my brother's death. Since Harold died, we never talk about him at holidays or family functions. The family is very dysfunctional in that respect. There is no place for sorrow. In this paper, I realize my role as the keeper of my brother's memories and antics. By sharing them, I keep my brother's memory alive and I get to work through the difficulty of having never been allowed to grieve over Harold's death. I also get to relate my story in the hopes that it speaks to others who may have experienced similar issues. My brother and I were never very close, but I try to keep him a part of my life by sharing his stories with others, and by celebrating his life on the anniversary of his death. Puttemans, Karen, Vrije Universiteit Brussel Constructing narratives of loss: ethical challenges for an arts-based project with families in poverty and homeless people This presentation centres upon an arts-based community project that evolves in Brussels. Poverty-struck families, homeless people and researchers collaborate in creating narratives of loss and bereavement. Our definition of loss is not restricted to loss caused by death but also includes job loss, loss of housing, child placement and loss of a stable family situation. During this session, we aim to discuss thoroughly some of the ethical challenges we face in the course of the research process. Examples are: generating questions versus the need for answers, insider-outsider roles, identification with poverty discourses and my position as a white female researcher from a middle-class background. These challenges will be illustrated using preliminary findings from our project. Conference participants are invited to join us in discussing the ways qualitative research can meet the ethical challenges involved in addressing sensitive topics with people living in difficult circumstances. Qin, Yi, Burapha University, Thailand "Holding My Hand Stand with Your Own Legs": Conducting PAR study of Chinese students in Thai university See Sakulkoo, Saratid Tong Queiroz Resende, Carla, Federal University of Santa Catarina A utilizacao do oleo essencial de Citrus sinensis nos transtornos de humor e ansiedade dos nadadores de alto-rendimento da Unisul See Rotta, Tatiana

222

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Quezada, Ma Teresa Prieto, Universidad de Guadalajara TMõD__nde est_¯ la autoridad? Desconocimiento de los adultos ante el problema de violencia escolar; Una La violencia escolar desde una comunidad en crisis. Una mirada desde la narrativa. El problema de violencia escolar ha sido poco trabajado en nuestro pa__s, por lo cual muchos maestros y padres de familia desconocen su existencia, adem_¯s de que no se reflexiona sobre ella y mucho menos se articulan explicaciones y alternativas de soluci__n ni de intervenci__n ante el problema. La violencia en la escuela es reflejo de una comunidad en crisis o se requieren otras miradas para observar esta realidad que esta lastimando a ni_Òos y j__venes en nuestras escuelas Quezada, Ma. Teresa Prieto, Universidad de Gudalajara UNA MIRADA AL INDIVIDUO COMO PRODUCTOR DE NARRATIVAS See Navarro, Jos_ Claudio Carrillo Quintero, Claudia, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Watching Melodrama with Foucault: Bio-political Pe The Cinderella tale in telenovelas has operated over the past five decades as one of many techniques deployed by the Mexican state to carry out governmentality. The constant repetition of this narrative and the image of a Cinderella-like heroine/hero have become an effective didactical tool that has edified a set of national bio-politics preoccupied with the administration of the female and male bodies for human reproduction and good citizenry.Through the analysis of the poor and abused girl, as a prevailing narrative and visual representation in Mexican telenovelas, I will locate and interpret endemic bio-political performances in this television genre. The ethnographical reading of these visual discourses is central to illustrate how the Mexican state has historically used communication technologies and popular culture to govern its population through the dissemination of `righteous' social practices regarding religion, class, race, ethnicity, gender and sexuality. Quintero, Claudia , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Fifty Years of Bio-political Discourses of Governmentality: The Cinderella Story in Mexican Telenovelas The Cinderella tale in telenovelas has operated for more than fifty years of production, as one of many techniques deployed by the Mexican state in alliance with institutions such as the private television industry and the Catholic Church to carry out governmentality--the management and supervision of population and resources without the imposition of law or coercion but, according to Foucault (1991), through the calculation and disposition of technical procedures for regulating conduct. The constant repetition of the narrative and the image of a Cinderella-like heroine/hero has become an effective didactical tool that has edified a set of national bio-politics preoccupied with the administration of the female and male bodies for human reproduction and good citizenry. Through the analysis of the poor and abused girl as a prevailing narrative and visual representation in Mexican telenovelas, I will locate and interpret endemic bio-political performances in this genre. The ethnographical reading of these visual discourses is central to illustrate how the Mexican state has historically

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

223

used communication technologies and popular culture (e.g. television melodrama blended with folktales) to govern its population indirectly, at a distance, inside and outside its territory (i.e. Mexican immigrants in the United States), and within the domestic sphere, through the dissemination of `righteous' social practices regarding religion, class, race, ethnicity, gender and sexuality--a moral economy pursuing the formation of self-disciplined, ethical citizen-subjects (e.g. the `decent' woman). Quiros, Laura, Adelphi University Keeping and crossing boundaries: Negotiating identities in qualitative research Qualitative research has been in the forefront of exploring identities as social constructions. However, this perspective has not been critically incorporated into methodological analyses and considerations. This panel will provide a critical analysis of the tendencies and challenges of working through issues around multiple dimensions of identity. Using examples from our research, we explore the fluidity of identity, showing how commonalities and differences around race, ethnicity and other identity statuses are, negotiated, and reinforced through the research process. Finally, we discuss standards for qualitative inquiry to facilitate new understandings of how identities are performed and inhabited in the field. Racine, Louise, University of Saskatchewan Aging in a World of Cultural Intolerance: Examinin Drawing on participant observation and interviews collected during a critical ethnography, this presentation discusses how race, gender, social class, and power have an impact on the Haitian Canadians' access and utilization of health care services in Quebec. Guided by a postcolonial theoretical approach, this study was directed at understanding Haitian Canadian primary caregivers' experiences of caring for aging parents at home. Participant observation notes and interview excerpts were used to collect data from 16 primary caregivers, including 12 women. Results indicate that caring for aging parents at home is enmeshed in a complex nexus of social relations where power, race, gender, social class come into play to permeate each level of the caring commitment. Results also point to examining issues of social injustice that arise from racial discrimination and how it affects the delivery of culturally safe health care. Racine, Louise, University of Saskatchewan Resettlement, Health, and Human Rights: Examining Globalization, regional conflicts, and the post-9/11 context of political and religious fundamentalism have resulted in an increased entry of non-Western immigrants and refugees to Canada and Saskatchewan. Resettlement remains a complex issue that creates challenges among refugees coming from war crippled countries. Informed by a postcolonial feminist theoretical approach, results of a critical ethnography aimed at exploring non-Western refugees' perceptions of health needs will be presented. A sample of convenience composed of 37 non-Western immigrants and refugees was formed. Participant observation and open-ended interviews were used to collect data. Findings illustrate how health care needs intersect with gender, religious fundamentalism, and other sociocultural determinants of health in shaping the utilization of health care services

224

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

and the access to full citizenship, especially for women.Health practitioners must resist finalizing refugees into new exclusionary discourses. Radhakrishnan, Ritu, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Innovative Action in Teacher Education See Mayne, Hope Rakha, Shameem, UIUC Racial Injustice and the Criminalization of Black Youth in Champaign, Illinois See Slates, Angela Ram__rez, Luz Elena Flores, Universidad de Guadalajara Desarrollo de los Estudiantes Sobresalientes desde el punto devista del trabajo de sus profesores y compa_Òeros See Soltero, Rub_n Ramirez Valencia, Astrid, UNIVERSIDAD DISTRITAL FRANCISCO JOSE DE CALDAS EL PAPEL DEL DIARIO DEL PROFESOR EN LOS ESTUDIANTES DE PRACTICA DOCENTE EN LA LICENCIATURA EN INGLES DE LA UNIVERSIDAD DISTRITAL En clase suceden situaciones que el profesor puede usar como temas de indagaci__n. Sin embargo, no siempre los profesores hacen este ejercicio, no sistematizan estas experiencias ni capturan y recolectan sus pensamientos y reacciones. En respuesta a esta problem_¯tica, la universidad distrital con la licenciatura de ingl_s, hemos encontrado que existen herramientas que pueden ayudar a los docentes a guardar las situaciones que a diario afronta en el aula de clases, para que as__ pueda hacer intervenciones o cambios, teniendo en cuenta sus necesidades y las de los estudiantes. Esta ponencia busca demostrar como el diario del profesor puede ser un instrumento cualitativo, etnogr_¯fico y descriptivo en el cual el docente define situaciones que se le presentan en aula, el cual lo lleva a determinar problemas de investigaci__n, los cuales deber_¯ resolver dentro su carrera Este es el resultado de una investigaci__n que actualmente estamos llevando a cabo dentro de la licenciatura de ingl_s. Ramirez, Teresa, Universidad Aut__noma de Barcelona Los grupos de reflexi__n: una propuesta de investig Esta comunicaci__n propone una metodolog__a de recolecci__n de datos (los grupos de reflexi__n) para abordar la investigaci__n social desde una epistemolog__a cr__tica y feminista, entendida como una propuesta critica a los sistemas de construcci__n de ciencia y verdad que se han utilizado desde las perspectivas cientificistas.A trav_s de una investigaci__n sobre las relaciones de poder en el movimiento de okupaci 2 > historias-de-vida, en el trabajo investigativo del Centro de In Las

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

225

Rätsep, Anneli, University of Tartu Disease narratives in assessment of continuity of care: focus on patient's life The effectiveness of DM2 care depends greatly on the collaboration of the physician and the patient as well their contribution to the treatment process. This study aimed to investigate type 2 diabetes (DM2) patients' perspective on treatment process and continuity of care. Semi structured interviews were performed with nine patients. Data analysis revealed narratives mainly concentrating on patient relationship with healthcare professionals and "my diabetes" as part of patients' life-story. Through narrating disease stories, patients reassess aspects of life story and make their lives, fractured by disease, meaningful. The study was supported by the Estonian Science Foundation grant 7596. Recendez, Cristina, Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas experience on transnationality of migrant subject The unit of analysis is the migration of people from Zacatecas boarded from transnationalization a self-critical reflextion on the theoretical and disciplinary limitations is realized to explain different and particular realities with a methodology and predetermined conceptualization The finality is proposing investigation as an object/subject process that within its progress contains the built and developed of theory as part of the methodologic process and not as discipline or set of rules that must be taught Investigation as a qualitative process is experience, creation, and maturity, in dialectic relation with the theory and the object/ subject which is also reflection and interpretation. Reddick, Bobbie, North Carolina State University Student Reflections on Working with Grandparent-Grandchild Families See Goodwin, Sheilia Reece, Jane, Bristol Taking Laurel Richardson's Three Words to `Twitter': ESCalate Collaborative Writing Group Take Three Words to Web2 See Brown, Laurinda Reed, Malcolm, Bristol Somewhere Between What Is and What If: Fictionalising ethnographic inquiry into classroom culture Breaking the traditional conventions of writing about educational culture can impinge on one's credibility as a researcher. Having published five papers over four years in academic journals, I am used to having them referred to as `stories', even though my purpose remains to inquire into the English (subject) classroom: to `graphein' its `ethnos'.This paper will reflect on the potential of an ethnographic account to be both a sociological tool of representation and a sociocultural tool of mediation, by considering fictionalisation as a means of exploring the shadow and suggestiveness of actual events.

226

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Reilly, Rosemary C., Concordia University Avoiding Goldilocks: A Trauma Researcher Autoethnography This presentation is a reflexive account of the tensions and dilemmas emerging from my experience as a woman qualitative researcher researching trauma and tragedy in communities. Framed as an autoethnography, using my conflictual childhood feelings about Goldilocks as an overarching metaphor, I will weave fairy tale and experience into an examination of the harm I can do to individuals, families, and communities in the course in pursuing research. I will attempt to highlight the edges of research culture and ethical conduct, the politics of trespass and the rights of individuals and communities while trying to discover what is "just right." Rendon, Rodrigo, University of Antioquia Magister El concepto de continuidad es fundamental en el Analisis, y la mayoria de los estudiantes de la interfase bachillerato universidad la conciben erroneamente como una propiedad de caracter global, lo cual genera fracaso escolar en la ensenanza y aprendizaje de las matematicas y ahonda la crisis educativa actual. Nuestra investigacion establece mediante un estudio de casos, la pertinencia del modelo de Pirie & Kieren como herramienta para describir la comprension en algunos estudiantes frente al concepto en cuestion, y a la vez, propone una estrategia metodologica que permite su correcto aprendizaje como una propiedad de caracter local. Resende, Carla Queiroz, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina A utiliza_·_úo do __leo essencial de Citrus sinensis nos estados de humor e ansiedade dos nadadores da equipe da Unisul See Rotta, Tatiana Marcela Reynaldos, Carolina, Universidad Cat__lica del Maule, Chile Cultural conceptions about HIV/AIDS in Latin-Americans Countries: Bolivia, Chile & Mexico See Torres, Teresa Reynaldos, Carolina, Universidad Cat__lica del Maule, Chile Concepciones culturales del VIH/SIDA en tres paise See Torres, Teresa Ribas, Marilene Vieira, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina SA_îDE MENTAL: O OLHAR DA REFORMA NO BRASIL Historicamente o campo da Sa__de Mental (SM) pauta-se em duas vertentes: organicista e psicodin_ mica, cujas contraposi_·_Êes e negocia_·_Êes apresentam-se em um contexto social de embates pol__ticos, ideol__gicos e paradigm_¯ticos. A Reforma Psiqui_¯trica (RP) questiona o poder psiqui_¯trico, repensa e reformula o modelo assistencial tradicional, promove a sa__de e os direitos humanos e civis.As dimens_Êes epistemol__gica, s__ciocultural da SM evidenciam quest_Êes relativas a constitui_·_úo e a vida da pessoa. Muda, assim, o olhar da SM: da doen_·a para o sofrimento, do doente para o sujeito

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

227

ativo e integral, do tratamento de base hospitaloc__ntrica e essencialmente medicamentosa para a rede de aten_·_úo psicossocial e projetos terap__uticos abrangentes.A Reforma implica um olhar cr__tico e reflexivo sobre a pr_¯tica repensando as bases epistemol__gicas e paradigm_¯ticas, a compreens_úo dos atores interagentes, buscando uma postura de flexibiliza_·_úo e transforma_·_úo social, pol__tica e econ_æmica. Ribas, Marilene Vieira, Federal University of Santa Catarina SA_îDE MENTAL: REFLEX_ãES EPISTEMOL_çGICAS SOBRE O OLHAR DA REFORMA NO BRASIL See Oliveira, Walter Ferreira Richardson, Elaine, The Ohio State University PHD 2 PhD: An Excerpt This is an autoethnographic performance from the author's work entitled "PHD 2 Ph.D: Po Ho on Dope to Ph.D.," a street literature/educational memoir, targeting "at risk" urban youth, especially adolescent Black girls. It centers the life of the author, who, though underprepared for college, searched for transformative experiences to structure a new identity and save her life. She enters the university where she learns that her identities and experiences are the foundation upon which to build higher education from undergraduate to Ph.D. Themes addressed by the book include urban culture, streetlife, sexual exploitation, addiction, poverty, colorism, classism, racism, and language. Richey, Amanda B., Tennessee Technological University (Re)presenting the "Muslim World": Critical Visuality and Textbook Images See Zagumny, Lisa Rickman, Aimee N., UIUC Affirming (Virtual) Lines on Campus: Technosocial Spaces and the Development of Racial Expectations Young people exist within spheres of institutional influence that shape what they expect and know of the world. Much has been written about the role of family, school, media and peers in development of world-view. More needs to be understood about social learning through online social involvement. Using in-depth qualitative interviews, content analysis, and grounded theory methodology, this study asks how college students' involvement in a campus-specific space created by online forums of the student newspaper informs students' offline racial expectations on campus. Findings suggest that the repeated patterns of exchange within this space work to normalize the existence of certain material social processes related to racial relations on campus. These affirm online participants' offline expectations of descriptive and injunctive norms in three areas: the polarity of racial attitudes on campus, the futility of discussions regarding race on campus, and the deviance of anti-racist dissent.

228

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Rieder, Stephanie, University of Illinois Urbana Champaign Institutionalized Racism and Violence: Interrogating Inequalities in the American Educational System through the Eyes of a White Teacher This ethnodrama seeks to incorporate a series of experiences of a white teacher in a predominantly black and Latino community in Los Angeles, in order to critique the institutionalized racism harbored in the American educational system and its resulting violence. In particular, this piece looks to address two major ideas. The structural violence inherent in the system both produces and is produced by the direct violence that occurs simultaneously. Particularly at risk are young men of color that are consistently marginalized within the educational system. Secondly, the piece seeks to problematize the role of a white teacher of students of color that works within the racist system. Is it sufficient to acknowledge the inequalities and privileges of whiteness or does being a part of the system make one complicit in its racism? This autoethnographic performance seeks not to answer these questions, but rather to interrogate the relationships that exist within this setting. Riedler, Martina, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey Examining research in the field of museum studies through the lens of a transactional meso-ethnographic approach In general, research in the field of museum studies often employs a onedimensional way of analyzing data. This approach is either concerned with a macro analysis of the impact of institutional and structural discourses and historical narratives on museums, or pay only attention to a micro analysis of how individuals (visitors, museum staff, for example) produce and reproduce the institutional discourses to shape the museum's narrative. As a result, I used a transactional meso-ethnographic approach to data analysis in this paper, and attempt to reconcile structure (macro, particular embodied dispositions, institutional discourses) and agency (micro, the capacity of human subjects to engage in institutional discourse) by formulating that agency and structure cannot be seen as independent of one another. Therefore, a meso-ethnographic approach bridges the aspects of the ethno-methodologists' concern for the reflexive individual construction of social realities in institutions with Foucault's interest in institutional history, power relations, and social practices. Rippin, Ann, Bristol The Women's `Love' Collective Biography: Extracts and Critical Thoughts This group of women met to produce a doctoral assignment about love. We continued to meet and explore many responses to love. We have also reflected on the process of writing collaboratively.Our presentation will include readings from our work and will explore whether writing collaboratively allows more or less freedom to write about sensitive matters. Sometimes personal writing is so exposing that we dare not publish it under our own names. Collective writing can thus provide essential testimony on lived experience that would not otherwise emerge.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

229

Rippin, Ann, Bristol Warming the method: Bringing Heart into Our Research through the Use of Imaging Sue Porter, Centre for Narratives and Transformative Learning,University of Bristol andAnn Rippin, Department of Management, University of Bristol See Porter, Sue Roberts, Earllene K., University of British Columbia Okanagan Opening Spaces for Dialogue: Methodological Implications of Appreciative Inquiry The disability related service sector faces cutbacks and increasingly limited resources during global economic crises. In a medicalized society, disability is correlated with deficit and seen as a resource drain on society. Using an Appreciative Inquiry approach to conduct research with disability groups and service organizations creates a forward thinking, positive basis upon which to create sustainability and move this particular service sector towards supporting individuals with disabilities in the manner that they desire and appropriately meets their needs. This paper will explore Appreciative Inquiry as a method of qualitative research to enhance this sectors capacity for positive change. Robinson, Jude, University of Liverpool "As a Mother, I Had to Make Other Choices": When Higher Education is Not the Road out of Poverty See Bloom, Leslie Rebecca Rocha, Cristianne, Brasil Lutheran University Immigrant Women' Perceptions of Barriers to Access See Dias, Sonia Roden, Kathryne, University of Oklahoma Using Clustering in Focus Groups to Elicit Complex and Multilayered Discussions with Participants from the Global Community This paper explores the use of clustering to facilitate discourse within a focus group with participants from diverse cultures. Results reveal that clustering allows for a dynamic, interactive process providing opportunity for the voices of all participants. The analysis reveals an interplay between the right and left brain whereby participants drew on logic and emotion revealing critical and reflective aspects of their experiences. The visual display allowed for recall and associations as participants moved freely from one aspect of the cluster to the next. It also allowed associations to emerge providing opportunity for flow with a complex and multilayered discussion of experiences. The participants discussed thoughts, memories, images, and emotions concerning the social, academic, personal, emotional, and cultural realms. Finally, clustering allowed flexibility accommodating the personality and communication style of participants from the global community.

230

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Roden, Kathryne, University of Oklahoma Aesthetic Experiences in the Classroom: Using Film to Create Understanding and Awareness of the Global Community University Students This qualitative study draws on the guidelines of Interpretivism and explores the phenomena of film as an educational tool in the university classroom whereby aesthetic experiences of learning may occur. This study reveals that students from socially and culturally diverse backgrounds have meaningful aesthetic experiences that increases understanding and awareness when films are used as part of the course curriculum as students respond to aesthetic in relation to the meaningful representation of experiences concerning freedom, dignity, and justice. In addition, interrelated learning dimensions related to aesthetic experiences were revealed that consisted of social, cultural, personal, cognitive, and emotional experiences as students gained understanding of the global community. This study suggests the importance of designing classes with cinematic components that promote aesthetic experiences, which facilitate meaning for students from diverse backgrounds.. Roden, Kathryne, University of Oklahoma Through the Lens of Interpretivism: Reflections on Diversity This qualitative study examines how the use of Interpretivism allows for cultural and ethnic understanding so that the meaning that emerges is reflective of participants' experiences. Since Interpretivism relies on the researcher's interpretation and understanding of participant's experiences, awareness of their culture and ethnicity is vital to data collection and the analysis of the empirical material gathered. Findings reveal that without cultural understanding the experiences of the participants can be misconstrued. With cultural understanding ideas, concepts, and meanings emerge rather than preconceived judgments and predetermined interpretations. In addition, knowledge of participants' culture allows understanding of nonverbal messages of those from different backgrounds which prevents misrepresentation of those messages. In addition, awareness of cultural mores as well as ethnic stereotypes allows participants experiences revealed with consideration and perception. Rodin, Gary, University of Toronto Understanding Post traumatic growth in patients with advanced cancer: a pilot study See Freeman, Emily C. Rodr__guez, William, Universidad Central de Venezuela Las historias de vida: un modo alternativo cualita Las historias-de-vida, en el trabajo investigativo del Centro de Investigaciones populares, han sido explotadas hasta sus m_¯s amplias posibilidades. A partir de ellas se ha producido y fundamentado una investigaci__n de la cultura popular venezolana, de sus pr_¯cticas y significados como nunca antes. En efecto, las investigaciones y m_todos cuantitativos no han arrojado datos y resultados dignos de menci__n en Venezuela. Nuestro trabajo destaca, expone y caracteriza la labor y los resultados de la investigaci__n con historias-de-vida como una cr__tica y propuesta novedosa y productiva de investigaci__n alternativa.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

231

Rodrigues, Daniel Maur__cio de Oliveira, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina A utiliza_·_úo do __leo essencial de Citrus sinensis nos estados de humor e ansiedade dos nadadores da equipe da Unisul See Rotta, Tatiana Marcela Rodriguez de Anca, Alejandra, Universidad Nacional del Comahue Extending interculturality throughout the whole society: reflections and proposals from southern Argentina See Diaz, Raul Rodriguez de Anca, Alejandra, Universidad Nacional del Comahue From the knowledge of the space to the space of the knowledge: building maps and critical analysis of the `official' cartography as a dominant artifact of representation and territory domination See Diaz, Raul Rodriguez-Morcillo, Luis, Instituto de Estudios Sociales Avanzados Una propuesta de triangulacion metodologica El IESA-CSIC ha venido realizando desde hace algo mas de 10 años estudios de pobreza y exclusion social en diferentes comunidades autonomas españolas. En este tiempo se ha desarrollado una metodologia mixta en la que el estudio cuantitativo mediante encuesta y la indagacion cualitativa basada en relatos biograficos y entrevistas abiertas se complementan para ofrecer una perspectiva a la vez estatica y dinamica del fenomeno. Los diferentes resultados obtenidos en cada estudio muestran la adaptabilidad del metodo a diferentes contextos sociales y su capacidad para explicar las dimensiones diacronica y sincronica de la pobreza relativa y la exclusion social. Rodriguez, Dalia, Syracuse University Threatening and Suspicious: The Struggle of Black Male Students in Predominantly White Universities This paper focuses on the experiences of Black male students in the white academy. Through story, I discuss how African American males are often held suspect and their bodies are often controlled in various spaces in the white academy. Despite institutional control, men of color voice and resist. This paper explores how male students of color on a predominantly white college campus choose to voice, the multiple contexts in which they use their voice and the various strategies men of color learn to develop and negotiate power in the white academy. I ask the following questions: What are the multiple ways in which men of color speak out against racism? How do they negotiate power relations in the white academy? How do men of color use their voices to empower themselves? Rodriguez, Mar__a Nina, Universidad Central de Venezuela Estudio del capital social desde el encuentro entr El capital social es un tema que ha cobrado especial interes en las ciencias sociales durante las ultimas decadas. Representa una nueva mirada para la

232

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

comprensi__n del desarrollo de las sociedad frente a su complejidad creciente e incierta. Este estudio analiza las dimensiones subjetivas de las relaciones sociales que muestras las potencialidades y capacidades de los individuos y grupos sociales para intervenir en el desarrollo mas humano y sustentable. Nos propusimos comprender el tema a partir de una manera de conceptualizaci__n no convenci__n, donde dialogan lo inductivo y lo deductivo, colocando frente a frente paradigmas antes opuesto y antagonicos. Rodriguez, Santiago, Instituto de Investigaciones Gino Germani, Buenos Aires University Unraveling the ties of marriage in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires The potential of a combined theoretical and methodological strategy The objective of this paper is to reflect on the potential of combining quantitative and qualitative methods to reconstruct the bonds of marriage in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires. Specifically, through secondary data survey, which seek to analyze the macro-structures from individual units: persons / families. And by the biographical method, supported by survey data, we can understand how people live marriage as a turning point their life trajectories. It will deepen in the experiences and expertise, scope of sociability, networks of relationships that lead and support the formation of couples. Rodriguez, Santiago, Instituto de Investigaciones Gino Germani, Universidad Buenos Aires Unraveling the ties of marriage in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires. The potential of a combined theoretical and methodological strategy The objective of this paper is to reflect on the potential of combining quantitative and qualitative methods to reconstruct the bonds of marriage in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires. Specifically, through secondary data survey, which seek to analyze the macro-structures from individual units: persons / families. And by the biographical method, supported by survey data, we can understand how people live marriage as a turning point their life trajectories. It will deepen in the experiences and expertise, scope of sociability, networks of relationships that lead and support the formation of couples. Rohlfs, Izabel Provenza de Miranda, Minas Tennis Club Mood States Profiles in High-Level Volleyball and Tennis Athletes: Collective Subject Speech Method in Brazil See Rotta, Tatiana Marcela Rolling, Jr, James Haywood, Syracuse University Complicating Patriarchy This writing explores and further complicates the vestiges of patriarchal power as traced through the simultaneous presence and absence of multiple fathers. I question the certainty of patriarchy in its presumption of destinies. In the aftermath of the sudden loss of my birth father, of having been orphaned from the continent of my ancestral fathers, of having been marginalized as a citizen in the house of my adoptive forefathers, of having been baptized in the

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

233

name of my Holy Father, how are the certainties of personal narrative and the orthodoxies of public identity provided with new endings? Rolling, Jr., James Haywood, Syracuse University Cinderella Story: An Arts-based and Narrative Research Project The new book Cinderella Story is presented as an arts-based inquiry, part of a narrative methodology that researches contemporary visual culture markers in search of a story of American identity still under construction, built upon the old sawhorse of pathology. Cinderella Story argues that a poststructural and unexpected identity can be created from the charred embers of self-imagery strewn about an ash heap of stereotypes_éåreinterpreted atop a pyre of modern identity constructs, authoritative stories, and assigned names. Consequentially, a Cinderella ending is not the end of a story; rather, it is the inauguration of a new ever after. Romay, Juan, Valladolid LA EVALUACION DEL TRABAJO CIENTIFICO A TRAVES DEL See Valero, Jesus Alberto Rood-Breithaupt, Julie, Eastern University Informal Mentoring of Technological Professionals: Does It Make a Difference? Informal leadership mentoring is common in technological professionals, yet studies to explore informal mentoring of non-technical skills are lacking. The purpose of this study was to explore the informal mentoring experiences of technological professionals. A phenomenological approach was used to illustrate the lived experiences of technological professionals. Some of the themes that emerged are similar to literature in terms of mentoring relationships and benefits of mentoring. All participants interviewed conveyed that mentoring had helped them achieve success in their careers This study suggests that informal leadership mentoring does matter and is an important tool technological professionals utilize to foster career development and growth. Rosas, Nina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Relatos de um Metodo de Estudo em Religiao A relaçao entre caridade e religiao crista parece soar como evidente. No contexto evangelico brasileiro tal obrigaçao moral de fraternidade com os necessitados se caracterizava de modo geral como assistencia regular por vezes proselitista ate aparecer no cenario neopentecostal uma expressao de caridade distinta evidenciada pela Igreja Universal do Reino de Deus. No desenvolvimento do trabalho de campo dessa pesquisa o metodo se impos ao pesquisador passo a passo desde a amostragem ate o uso central das narrativas dos agentes envolvidos nos trabalhos comunitarios. Imagina-se trazer ao debate a forma de execuçao dessa observaçao e as consequencias da inserçao do observador no espaço de exercicio da caridade. Procura-se mostrar uma compreensao critica das inevitabilidades de produzir conjuntamente a partir da participação os dados a serem coletados. Espera-se aclarar os possiveis vieses da forma como sao selecionadas as informaçoes e posteriormente transformadas em relatos de pesquisa.

234

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Rosas, Nina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Using People s Account to Understand Fraternity To understand charity initiatives in brazilian neo pentecostalism I have done a different kind of participant observation. A method that have been imposed for itself since the option of snowball sampling until the people s account. Although account have been discussed a lot in social science the narrative and interpretation that have been related was the key to understand the singular type of fraternity that members of Universal do Reino de Deus created and organized. This specific form of charity that are characterized for a particular exchange of money, trust and risk in the church service are complemented with a lot of activities that have been done involving education, courses, justice and medical assistance. It shows that neo Pentecostalism fraternity seems complex and sometime incoherent but this apparent contradictory is clarified with people interpretation of their own charity. Rossi, Lilian Cristina, Unesp Família e alunos usuários de drogas A literatura aponta o papel da estruturação familiar entre os nexos causais da dependência de drogas. Estudo realizado com 32 professores de três escolas públicas de cidade do interior de São Paulo, Brasil, por meio de grupos focais. Utilizou-se Grounded theory e Interacionismo simbólico. Para o professor o uso de drogas se relaciona a desestruturação da família que deixa de cumprir seu papel de suporte social comprometendo a qualidade dos relacionamentos e desenvolvimento do aluno que se encontra inserido em lares com pais que vivenciam a realidade da criminalidade e dos presídios por envolvimento com drogas. Em conseqüência partilham a casa com madrastas, padrastos e filhos de diferentes relacionamentos e vínculos afetivos fragilizados. Assim ao recorrer á família para auxiliar o aluno a escola não encontra respaldo e o professor acredita que o papel da família é decisivo, ainda que não exclusivo, entre nexos causais da dependência de substâncias psicoativas. Rossi, Lilian Cristina, Unesp Fam__lia e alunos usu_¯rios de drogas Estudo com 32 professores de escolas p__blicas, S_úo Paulo, Brasil, por meio de grupos focais. Utilizou-se Grounded theory e Interacionismo simb__lico. Para o professor o uso de drogas se relaciona a desestrutura_·_úo da fam__lia que deixa de cumprir papel de suporte social comprometendo o desenvolvimento do aluno inserido em lares com pais que vivenciam a realidade da criminalidade e dos pres__dios por envolvimento com drogas, convivendo com madrastas, padrastos e irm_úos de diferentes relacionamentos e v__nculos afetivos fragilizados. O professor acredita que o papel da fam__lia _ decisivo, ainda que n_úo exclusivo no resgate do aluno usu_¯rio.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

235

Rossiter, Kate, Wilfrid Laurier University, Brantford Campus Methodology as Politics in Action: An Exploration of Hermeneutic Research as a Resistant Force within the Neo-Liberal Knowledge Economy This presentation will explore the links between methodology and ideology through a critical case study regarding the impact of the neo-liberal knowledge economy on the use of the arts within medical education. Specifically, I will explore the use of theatrical performance as a tool for knowledge translation within medical curricula. As an instrument of knowledge transfer, theater's utility is often audited through a process of positivist evaluation. I argue that such evaluations rationalize and constrain the ethical potential of theater by offering limited, pre-given and quantifiable options for audience responses. Conversely, I argue that hermeneutic research regarding the use of art in medical education constitutes a methodological trajectory that is both epistemologically and ethically resistant to the oppressive ideological weight of instrumental positivism as employed by the neo-liberal knowledge economy. Qualitative methodology, I contend, is politics and ethics in action. Rossiter, Kate, Wilfrid Laurier University, Brantford Campus Brantford, 1918: A Study of Bioethics, Pandemic Influenza and Historical Research-Based Theater This presentation will explore the use of historical research-based theater within the context of contemporary bioethics research. Specifically, we will describe a project designed to explore ethical issues inherent in pandemic influenza planning and preparedness. The project involves working with students to create and stage a play based on archival data about local experiences of the 1918 influenza pandemic. In light of current pandemic threats, historical responses to illness provide a particularly rich source of data. The goals of this project are threefold: (1) to document historical experiences of the pandemic, (2) to analyze this data as a means of generating insight regarding current responses to the threat of pandemic, and (3) to use research-based theater as a means to explore and communicate findings to groups outside the academy. We argue that theater allows for nuanced academic analysis, and enables an embodied presentation of complex issues regarding the human condition. Rotta, Tatiana, Federal University of Santa Catarina A utilizacao do oleo essencial de Citrus sinensis nos transtornos de humor e ansiedade dos nadadores de alto-rendimento da Unisul A aromaterapia é uma terapia que consiste na utilização de óleos essenciais extraídos das plantas medicinais. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar os efeitos do óleo essencial de Citrus sinensis (Laranja doce) nos estados de humor e ansiedade de nadadores profissionais da equipe Unisul. Caracteriza-se como uma pesquisa de método misto, com delineamento quase experimental. Os dados qualitativos foram analisados a partir da análise dos discursos dos atletas. Treze atletas utilizaram o óleo essencial através da inalação, duas vezes ao dia, durante 21 dias. No pré e pós testes foram utilizados o inventário de ansiedade de Hamilton e o de estados de humor de Brums e os discursos dos pesquisados. Os resultados demonstraram que o uso de óleo essencial contribuiu na melhora dos aspectos psicológicos (depressão e ansiedade mental) e físicos (fadiga) nos

236

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

atletas. Os atletas relataram também uma melhora considerável na qualidade do sono e do vigor físico. Rotta, Tatiana Marcela, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina A utiliza_·_úo do __leo essencial de Citrus sinensis nos estados de humor e ansiedade dos nadadores da equipe da Unisul A aromaterapia _ uma terapia que consiste na utiliza_·_úo de __leos essenciais extra__dos das plantas medicinais. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar os efeitos do __leo essencial de Citrus sinensis (Laranja doce) nos estados de humor e ansiedade de nadadores profissionais da equipe Unisul. Caracteriza-se como uma pesquisa de m_todo misto, com delineamento quase experimental. Os dados qualitativos foram analisados a partir da an_¯lise dos discursos dos atletas. Treze atletas utilizaram o __leo essencial atrav_s da inala_·_úo, duas vezes ao dia, durante 21 dias. No pr_ e p__s testes foram utilizados o invent_¯rio de ansiedade de Hamilton e o de estados de humor de Brums e os discursos dos pesquisados. Os resultados demonstraram que o uso de __leo essencial contribuiu na melhora dos aspectos psicol__gicos (depress_úo e ansiedade mental) e f__sicos (fadiga) nos atletas. Os atletas relataram tamb_m uma melhora consider_¯vel na qualidade do sono e do vigor f__sico. Rotta, Tatiana Marcela, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina Mixed Method Research: Mood States Profiles in High-Level swimming athletes in Brazil The objective was to evaluate the mood states (stress/depression/anger/force/ fatigue/mental confusion) concerning the perception of athletes in relation to their sport performances. Fifteen high-level swimming athletes of UNISUL team in Brazil from 17 to 27 years old participated. The study was longitudinal (march/October/2000), with Mixed Method Research. Brums scale was applied before and after 15 training sessions. From the variability of the curve design of the standard graphic it was taken into account the context processes throughout the development of athletes using the discourse analyze based on the Discourse of the Collective Subject approach (DSC). Rotta, Tatiana Marcela, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina Mood States Profiles in High-Level Volleyball and Tennis Athletes: Collective Subject Speech Method in Brazil This study assessed the mood states profiles (tension/depression/anger/vigor/ fatigue/mental confusion) in high-level athletes for volleyball, n=59 and tennis n=69. Measured with BRUMS instrument, the multivariate analysis pointed out (p<0.001). Also with the qualitative analysis of Collective Subject Speech Method (CSS), the volleyball athletes showed elements related to mood states:" I get worried or strained, get sad, get angry, have energy, get tired, and feel insecure". But for the tennis athletes the speech was: "I feel anxious, get angry, have energy, get tired, and get confused and distressed". The CCS showed sensitivity for psychology professionals who work with athletes.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

237

Roulston, Kathryn, University of Georgia What uncooperative interviewees tell us about research topics "Good practice" in interviewing is frequently described in methodological literature as involving rapport building and intensive listening by the interviewer. "Good" interviewers are flexible in deviating from prior plans when necessary, and pose follow up questions effectively to elicit participants' understandings of topics. What is often unstated in these accounts is that interviewers are reliant on cooperative participants to provide articulate accounts concerning researchers' topics. This paper uses a constructionist conceptualization of interviewing to examine interview data in which participants refuse to cooperate with the researcher's purpose. From a constructionist perspective, interactions in which interviewees refuse to answer questions and challenge interviewers are just as valuable in providing insight into research topics as those in which participants provide straightforward answers to questions and "rich descriptions". Roulston, Kathryn, University of Georgia Debating interviews See Brinkmann, Svend Rovira, Rayen, Autonoma de Barcelona Las Producciones Narrativas como herramientas para En el presente estudio se reflexiona sobre los sentidos de la intervencion social de la pobreza en Chile Basandose en una epistemologia feminista desde la produccion de narrativas se busco junto a un grupo de interventores sociales situar significados acerca de la pobreza articulados dentro de su quehacer profesional De este modo la metodologia utilizada permitio la deconstruccion de conceptos mecanismos de sujeci__n y de gobernabilidad evidenciandose como desde las pr_¯cticas locales se pueden replantear algunos principios teoricos de intervencion y facilitar espacios para la interpretacion critica de los fenomenos sociales visualizando acciones novedosas y politicamente prometedoras Rubenstein, Ellen L, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Role Play: Negotiating Access and Building Trust in an Online Breast Cancer Community This paper presents an analysis of some of the challenges in gaining access and building trust in an online breast cancer community. Although the group itself is not a closed group and is freely available on the Internet, divergent participant beliefs and expectations about privacy and public access to this website, as well as conceptions of research methods and ethical concerns, offer provocative insights into the perceptions online participants have about research, the role of researchers, and the juxtaposition of researchers and subjects within the context of this particular online community. Rubenstein, Iris, Alliance for Racial and Social Justice Transitioning from Advocacy to Participatory Research See Meckeler, Amy

238

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Rubenstein, Iris, Alliance for Racial and Social Justice Translating Research Results to the Advocacy Work See Meckeler, Amy Ruiz, Jorge, Instituto de Estudios Sociales Avanzados Una propuesta de triangulacion metodologica See Rodriguez-Morcillo, Luis Russell, Larry E, Hofstra The Work of We See Pelias, Ronald J Ryan, Kasey, Qualitative Inquiry as a Site of Political Empowerment and Performance: Experiences from Community Based Research See Specker Micco, Ellyn Rybas, Natalia, Indiana University East Singing (to) the Nationhood: Exploring the Rhetorics of National Identity Performance at the Annual Eurovision Song Contest See Rybas, Sergey Rybas, Natalia, Indiana University East Hush-Hush Learning: The Private Selves and the Making of an Online Class See Rybas, Sergey Rybas, Sergey, Capital University Singing (to) the Nationhood: Exploring the Rhetorics of National Identity Performance at the Annual Eurovision Song Contest This paper analyzes the practices of national identification at the Annual Eurovision Song Contest --a multinational music festival energizing the European spirit and celebrating the national pride of the forty odd participating nations. Relying on the works of Postcolonial scholars, we single out four principal ways in which nationhood is performed and/or enunciated during the three-hour finales of the past three contests and in the weeks preceding and following them: a) ethnic exoticism, b) neighborly comradery, c) fluid coolness, and d) rebellious snubbing. We then discuss the dynamics of cultural identification at the event in terms of two major metaphors _éç cultural otherness and cultural hybridity. We conclude by discussing the conflicting cultural epistemic potential of Eurovision: it both creates an arena for "strategic essentialism" that helps negate cultural heterogeneity and reaffirms traditional cultural and geopolitical structures and stereotypes. Rybas, Sergey, Capital University Hush-Hush Learning: The Private Selves and the Making of an Online Class This project discusses the public and private interactions between an instructor and two students in an online composition class. The data from two case

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

239

studies are analyzed. Drawing from Blair and Hoy (2006) who have claimed that "an equal amount of teaching and learning is taking place in private as opposed to public space" (44), I approach private communication as a valuable space for students' construction of selves as makers of an online educational endeavor. Responding to Beatrice Quarshie Smith's call to "be more politically accountable for and more inclined to problematize some of our taken-forgranted practices" (2004, 50), the paper stresses the need of a more critical analysis of the agency that is inherent in the space of private online communication and discusses ways in which a critical understanding of this agency could help build a critical technological literacy _éçan ultimate goal of teaching and learning with computers. Ryen, Anne, University of Agder Natural Occurring Data and Interviews: Staged and Active The ethnomethodologist scepticism of interview data relates to their researcher-provoked nature and settings they argue make them less natural and more staged compared to natural occurring data. In their criticism Holstein and Gubrium refer to the assumptions of natural occurring talk as bias-free, and to the now commonplace of interviews as naturally occurring occasions for articulating private experience. I argue that all talk is produced in settings that bring an element of staging with them. So, rather than jumping to conclusions on or putting categories to methods, we should explore the active of interpretive practices across settings, stages and contexts. To illustrate the active of talk over methods, I will draw on data from classic natural occurring settings to show their staged nature and on my cross-cultural data from East-Africa to show interpretive practice in work in ethnography. S_¯nchez G__mez, Maria Cruz, Universidad de Salamanca The world's conception, contextual aspects, and psychological welfare of Chilean people, who had survived torture experiences due to political motifs for more than 30 years See Zapata Sepulveda, Pamela Saavedra, Cinthya M., Utah State University Redesigning Research through Testimonios: Children Acting Upon the World In this paper, I use the concept of testimonio (Beverly, 2005) to develop a research design and methodology that could reconceptualize early childhood research. Testimonios, rooted in Latin American revolutionary pedagogies, are narratives produced from subaltern spaces. Testimonios then become a "map of consciousness for people who have been so exuberantly produced in the histories of masculinists, racist, and colonialist dominations" (Haraway, quoted in Elenes, 2000, p. 115). As such, testimonios as written and performed texts in early childhood education have important implications for marginalized children, los deslenguados/without tongues (Anzaldua, 1987). Through testimonies, possibilities are ripped open for transnational, immigrant, minority, and poor children to find solidarity and theorize about their own world.

240

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Sahin, Cavus, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University A Qualitative Study of Preservice Classroom Teachers' Perception of Scientific Research Methods Course The study aimed to explore the preservice classroom teachers' perception of a scientific research methods course in Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey. The study is a qualitative case study in the descriptive form. 70 preservice classroom teachers studying at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University participated in the study. In order to obtain data, a semi-structured interview technique and a open-ended survey were used. 20 of the students have been interviewed as part of the data collection process. A descriptive analysis was used in order analyze the data obtained from the study. The findings of the study indicated that the preservice classroom teachers' approach towards scientific knowledge was similar to a Realist Approach. Sakellariadis, Artemi I, Bristol Authorship and Ownership within the Bristol Collaborative Writing Group (BCWG): Negotiating Uncertainty, Ambivalence and Ambiguity See Martin, Viv Sakellariadis, Artemi Ioanna, non-academic institution What Does it Take? A Narrative Inquiry of Parents' Views on Enabling the Learning and Participation of Children Perceived to Have Most Complex Needs A minority of children are consistently excluded from their local communities. Most mainstream schools operate in ways which rule out the presence, participation and achievement of children perceived to have most complex needs. Disabled adults have repeatedly warned that segregated education leads to segregated adult lives, yet many parents have to fight, and often lose, a battle for their child's right to a mainstream education. When assessing children's "needs", many professionals continue to focus on physical, sensory or mental impairments and place children in institutions alongside others with similar impairments. No adult would choose their workplace by these criteria. This paper presents perspectives of parents as change agents and is offered within a paraphrased theme for this Congress: "Qualitative Inquiry for a disabled community in crisis". Sakulkoo, Saratid Tong, Burapha University, Thailand Volunteering as Active Aging: A study of elderly Thais who are members of the Brain Bank After presenting my pilot study (QI 2009, paper ID# 3123) and attended the workshop with Kathy Chamaz and Adele Clarke, I turned back to Thailand with confidence in doing grounded theory research. The research reported in this Ph.D. dissertation made a significant contribution to the knowledge of the important role volunteers play in Thai society and revealed the benefits to the society, as well as to the volunteers themselves. The study applied a constructivist paradigm in order to assemble and assess descriptions of volunteering as active aging as perceived by elderly Thais who are members of the Brain Bank. The setting involved purposive sampling and theoretical sampling that was used to identify 30 participants who had experience of volunteering as active aging. Based on the ATLASti software program and manual coding into categories, the

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

241

findings were presented in a tentative model, Success of Volunteering as Active Aging Model (S-VVA Model). Sakulkoo, Saratid Tong, Burapha University, Thailand "Holding My Hand Stand with Your Own Legs": Conducting PAR study of Chinese students in Thai university The purpose of this study was to describe the cultural and linguistic adjustment of Chinese students in the English as a second language context. A focus group was done with nine Chinese students currently enrolled at the International Graduate Studies Human Resource Developmen Center, Burapha University, Thailand and follow by in-depth interviews. One hundred seventeen (117) reflexive notes of participants were also analyzed to produce a phenomenological analysis. Several major themes were identified: (1) the reason studying in Thailand (2) integrating cultural values, (3) language barriers, (4) lack of confidence, and (5) confusion about "Rightness". The findings of this study provide helpful information on understanding the challenges that Chinese students must meet, such improving their English skill, group work, self learning, and selfconfidence in Thai context of higher education. Sakulkoo, Saratid Tong, Burapha University, Thailand Evaluation of the Short Term International Language and Culture Program: Naturalistic Approach See Youxing, Xiao Salinas-Urbina, Addis-Abeba, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Xochimilco Propuesta y evaluaci__n de un programa de salud sex Reconocer que los procesos biologicos no son los unicos que intervienen en la sexualidad, conlleva a considerar aspectos psicologicos y socioculturales que contribuyen a la construcci__n de significados, explorados mediante un enfoque cualitativo. Resulta importante destacar la relevancia de que el personal de salud este entrenado con una vision alejada de prejuicios, con el fin de que la poblacion que atiende tome decisiones libres e informadas respecto a su sexualidad. El proposito de este trabajo es presentar el contenido, estructura y evaluacion de un programa de salud sexual, dirigido a pasantes de medicina, desde el marco de una aproximacion cualitativa Salmona, Michelle, Central Michigan University Enhancing Applied Business Research through Qualitative Inquiry See Kaczynski, Dan Salusky, Ida, U Illinois Urbana-Champaign Academic-Cultural Research Dilemmas This presentation will explore the challenges of conducting applied, international research in a program located largely within the research scientist model. The presenter will discuss her experience trying to balance the desires and work pace of a U.S. faculty with the reality of accomplishing tasks in the field. Using the example of trying to conduct and link research to an existing literacy pro-

242

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

gram in the Dominican Republic, the presenter will outline challenges of deciding when to allocate time towards generating publishable works and when to spend time in the field working on applications that can directly benefit research participants. Additionally, this portion of the panel will explore dilemmas involved in ensuring participants significantly benefit from research endeavors. Sampedro, Rosario, University of Valladolid Persistence of gender inequalities in rural world See Curz-Souza, Fatima San Martin, Daniel, Universidad Catolica de Temuco INTERSUBJETIVIDAD COMO RESPUESTA METODOLOGICA A LA See Mansilla, Juan Sanabria, Luis, Universidad Pedagogica Nacional Comprensi__n de conceptos a partir de la interacci__n con ambientes hipermediales La investigaci__n presentada busca evaluar la comprensi__n de los aprendices cuando interact__an en ambientes hipermediales para obtener su propia ontolog__a, basados en la lectura de un texto que transfieren a un modelo computacional y la lectura de un ambiente hipermedial para elaborar una representaci__n. El proyecto incluye un estudio cuantitativo que compara los datos obtenidos en la comprensi__n de conceptos de estudiantes cuando transfieren informaci__n del texto al modelo computacional y estudiantes que construyen su ontolog__a a partir del estudio del modelo computacional. El estudio cualitativo muestra las estrategias en el proceso de comprensi__n utilizando la t_cnica de an_¯lisis verbal. Sanabria, Luis, Universidad Pedagogica Nacional Understanding concepts from interaction with hypermedia environments The research presented aims to assess the understanding of learners as they interact in hypermedia environments for its own ontology, based on the reading of a text that transfer to a computer model and reading a hypermedia environment to develop a representation. The project includes a quantitative study that compares the data obtained in the understanding of concepts of students when they transfer information from text to computer model and ontology build their students from studying the computational model. The qualitative study shows the strategies in the process of understanding using the technique of verbal analysis. Sanches, Martins Pereira, Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina A utiliza_·_úo do __leo essencial de Citrus sinensis nos estados de humor e ansiedade dos nadadores da equipe da Unisul See Rotta, Tatiana Marcela

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

243

Sanchez Gomez, Maria Cruz, Universidad de Salamanca "Gender violence experiences of urban adult indigenous women from the north of Chile" It is undeniable the connection between women and domestic violence, and nowadays has become an important topic of discussion not only for the Government and its policies, but for the whole global society. In the case of Chile, the violence against women can be found in every economic level, without distinction between urban or rural context, religion and ethnicity. Pan-American Health Organization mentions that indigenous women are especially vulnerable to sexual and reproductive problems, and also to suffer different types of sexual violence inside their homes. The consequences are mostly sexual violence and sexually transmitted diseases. Most studies have been centered in quantitative analysis and have been neglecting the narrative of the experiences of indigenous women and their experiences about sexual and reproductive health. The goal is to study the experiences about gender violence of indigenous and women from XV region of Chile. Sanchez-Valdes, Laura, Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare Dise_Òo Interactivo de una Protesis e Implicaciones Sociales en la Vida del Paciente Este estudio de caso muestra las implicaciones sociales en la vida de un paciente amputado, mediante la fabricacion de una protesis de cadera desarticulada. Se utilizaron entrevistas, notas clinicas, registros tecnicos y fotografias para la recoleccion de evidencias. Los relatos del paciente proveen reflexiones sobre el impacto del uso de la protesis en su salud, habilidades fisicas, nivel de actividad e independencia, metas, y calidad de vida. Esta investigacion cualitativa permito reflexionar sobre: las necesidades medicas y sociales del paciente, los procesos de fabricacion de una protesis, y la mejora en su dise_Òo a partir de estas evidencias. Sanchez-Valdes, Laura, Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare Interactive Design in a Transpelvic Prosthetic Fitting: Patient-Practitioner's Narratives See Olafson, Janet Sanchez, Alvaro, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Participantes y Proceso de Cribado en la EIS See Calderon, Carlos Sanchez, Alvaro, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Pacientes con Depresion y Modelos de Asistencia See Calderon, Carlos Sanchez, Alvaro, Servicio Vasco de Salud Osakidetza Researching Health Promotion in Primary Care See Calderon, Carlos

244

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Sanchez, Claudia, Texas Woman's University Struggling with Research Design in Critical Social Science See Cannella, Gaile S. Sanchez, Hernan, Universidad del Valle Juego y Desarrollo Cognitivo Desde la perspectiva de la Cognicion Social se analizan las estrategias que 36 ni_Òos de 4 5 y 6 a_Òos utilizan al participar en un juego de competencia de la tradicion oral afrocolombiana denominado La Panda Pandilla. En la estructura de este juego de ocultar encontrar las reglas constitutivas estan relacionadas con la teoria de la mente especificamente con la capacidad de simular acciones con fines de enga_Òo. Los ni_Òos compiten a partir de los datos que le ofrece el comportamiento del otro y atribuyen creencia para predecir lo que hacen o piensan los demas lo que haran en el futuro se y apoyan estos razonamientos sobre entidades no directamente observables. Los datos muestran que las estrategias de simulacion en el juego en contextos naturales estan en funcion de la edad y en la s__ntesis de habilidades cognitivas sociales en la competencia Sanchez, Hernan, Universidad del Valle Desarrollo en el primer a_Òo de vida Una mirada si Esta investigacion presenta evidencia de las relaciones entre el desarrollo cognitivo de ni_Òos menores de un a_Òo que viven en sectores urbanos pobres de tres ciudades colombianas y sus nichos de interaccion familiar. Para describir el desarrollo cognitivo se realiza un estudio longitudinal que presenta los procedimientos de los ni_Òos al resolver situaciones con objetos propios de su entorno. El Analisis Microgenetico de los programas de acci__n de los ni_Òos es el recurso que pone en evidencia los cambios en las estructuras y funcionamientos cognitivos durante el primer a_Òo de vida. Para describir los nichos de interaccion familiar se recurre a la observacion naturalistica de practicas cotidianas en la diada adulto cuidador y ni_Òo. El Metodo de Analisis de Correspondencias Multiples es el recurso para establecer las relaciones entre el desarrollo cognitivo y los nichos de interaccion Sanchez, Laura Myriam Franco, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo Las biografias transnacionales para reconstruir las diferencias entre jovenes de dos barrios (Mexico See Pizarro Hernandez, Karina Pizarro Sanchez, Laura Myriam Franco, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Hidalgo Conocer los contrastes sociales de las ciudades a traves de las historias de vida transnacionales See Pizarro Hernandez, Karina Pizarro Santacruz-Polanco, Enrique, Centro de Estudios de las Americas Assessing Program Second-Step Implementation in a Private Elementary School in Southern Mexico This paper presents the findings of an evaluation study on the implementation of Program Second-Step, a bulling and violence prevention program in a

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

245

private school in Southern Mexico. Stake Responsive Evaluation approach was used for examining the pertinence to the program to the Mexican context and culture and the quality of its implementation. Findings of the study indicate that the program has increased pro-social behavior of students and helped to reduce discipline and emotional violent behavior. Santamaria Montoya, Isabel Cristina, Antioquia Characterization of growth and development in children institutionalized in Moravian neighborhood of the 4 commune Medellin Colombia See Montoya Restrepo, Diego Mauricio Sarto Martin, Pilar, Universidad de Salamanca "Gender violence experiences of urban adult indigenous women from the north of Chile" See Sanchez Gomez, Maria Cruz Saunders, Cynthia , Government Accountability Office Testimonial Evidence at the Government Accountability Office (GAO) Qualitative inquiry is widely used by the GAO, an agency of the United States Congress, with a wide range of methods including interviews, observation, discussion groups, focus groups, and document analysis. The products of the research conducted by the GAO respond to House and Senate committee requests, legislative mandates, and Comptroller General initiatives. Content of the reports are far reaching across all aspects of government from national security and natural resources to education, health, income security, and justice. This presentation will discuss the myriad of uses of qualitative inquiry in developing reports and recommendations to the US Congress. Saunders, Tanzia Sarah, University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica Balancing "equity with efficiency": Jamaican Labour Policy in a time of Crisis See Cowell, Noel Mayhew Savage, Shari L., The Ohio State University Voicing Dolores: Challenging Nabokov's Nymphet in Words and Images By challenging tradition and rejecting the five-chapter dissertation format, I imagined possibilities rather than accepting protocol. I moved from the conventions of text-based research and representation to an arts-based epistemology that allows for new ways of inquiring, understanding, and revealing. This presentation focuses on the theory, rationale, and intricacies of an arts-based study of Lolita-like representations in popular visual culture. Within both inquiring and telling the research story, issues of voice, authority, and reflexivity take center stage. Characteristic of arts-based research, the synergism between image and literary texts will be demonstrated as playing primary roles in this study. Sawyer, Jason, Virginia Commonwealth University Our Experiences Living And Learning As Constructivist Researchers See Brady, Shane R.

246

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Sawyer, Jason Michael, Virginia Commonwealth University Opening the Dialogue: A Foucauldian Discourse Analysis of a Theatre Based Community Arts Program The Conciliation Project (TCP) is a Theatre Based community arts program that engages participants and audiences in dialogue on hegemony, cultural consciousness, and various forms of institutionalized racism. TCP engages in performance ethnography, co-written, co-produced, and co-presented with community participants as a mechanism for creating social change, utilizing theatrical pieces designed with communities, offering the marginalized voice, often silenced by dominant societal groups. Each of TCP's presentations provides opportunity to open up dialogue among audience participants. This paper will analyze scripts produced by TCP using Foucauldian discourse analysis to analyze emergent themes, philosophical underpinnings, and theoretical positions related to social justice. Sawyer, Richard, Washington State University Vancouver Post-Colonial Education: Duoethnography as an Act of Decolonization Employing duoethnography, these researchers critically reflect on their own educational histories, as students and then as teachers, in order to try to unpack some of the cultural underpinnings of how they teach language arts. They enter a critical dialogic relationship with one another sharing contrasting critical educational incidents and dialogically analyzing the insights related to those incidents. They create a dynamic, layered, critical, and ultimately democratic form of self-understanding in relation to other and more diverse representations of the world. They avoid the hegemonic style of the meta-narrative inherent in some forms of qualitative research and auto-ethnography as they use a multidialogic process to question and disrupt their preconceived views how they learned about democracy and the role their country played in global arena. Sawyer, Richard, Washington State University Vancouver Introduction to Duoethnography's Basic Tenets See Norris, Joe Scagnoli, Norma I, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign A Review of Syllabi for a Sample of Qualitative Research Methods Courses in Psychology See Verdinelli, Susana Scagnoli, Norma I. , University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Data Display in Qualitative Research See Verdinelli, Susana Schlemmer, Ross H, The Ohio State University Interrogating One's Self: Enhancing Student Learning through Narrative Research and Dialogic Curriculum Shaping Attitudes and Perceptions about Teaching Art for Pre-Service Teachers A common course for pre-service general education teachers is on art education and integration. Common to many of these classes across universities is

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

247

student apprehension toward art making and art teaching. To better understand their experience and apprehension my students have completed narrative assignments designed to explore their attitudes and perceptions about art education and how these may shape how they will teach art in their classrooms. The data from these narratives is hyper-contextual, the population is not very diverse, and embraces my own biases, limiting its referential adequacy and transferability, as well as other criterion and metrics of validity for qualitative research. This research is important for exploring the implications of embracing such a limited context and using the narrative data to enhance the learning of these students by creating a dialogic curriculum in which the students direct their own learning as both students and researchers. Schmitt, Janaina , "The History of Life patients that suffer from Morbid Obesity--An Experience in South of Brazil" See Padilha, Maria Itayra Schrader, Deb, University of Alberta Self inquiry through autoethnography: My journey to place-based education in the undergraduate classroom This paper is an autoethnographic exploration of one educator's journey to place-based education as undergraduate environmental inquiry. I am both the researcher and the researched. Place-based education grounds curriculum in any distinct intricacies of one's locale, be it geography, economy, history and so on. Storied reflections weave together theory and practice - my personal journals, varied experiences, teaching notes, and the literature of experiential education, deep ecology and bioregionalism. My journey parallels Campbell's (1988) Hero's Journey - one's unique search of self-discovery -described through three phases: the call, the initiation and the return. My call was the underlying question, why do we live in ways that destroy the very planet that sustains us? My writings narrate my initiation. Guided by the profound and emergent lessons of reciprocity and healthfulness, I return to teaching and learning. Scott-Hoy, Karen M., Pain is Red Hope is Yellow An Autoethnographic Story in Two Voices Chronic pain affects many people in our society.This arts-based autoethnographic story and accompanying oil painting, show how chronic pain permeates the life of the suffering person, impacting the way others perceive and interact with them, even challenging their concept of self. This story takes the audience into intimate places as a husband and wife reflect on the impact chronic pain has on their relationship. As such, this story and painting offer the chance to hear a story that is often untold. They also provide an opportunity for those who may not be not in pain, to imagine and reflect upon what it may be like and how they would respond.

248

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Scott-Hoy, Karen M., Communicating World Views: Interrogating intersections of Faith-IntellectEthics through Art and Narrative Questions of faith-intellect-ethics punctuate our lives inside and outside the research laboratory, the library and the classroom, making it imperative that we interrogate the complicated intersections of faith, intellect and ethics. Inspired by Art Bochner's narrative of the 2007 NCA convention theme, Karen Scott- Hoy created a painting that was reproduced on the cover of the conference proceedings. This presentation explores the ways in which using art and narrative as both product and process of knowledge generation, can uncover deep emotional responses and inspire rich debate. Scott, Anne, Dublin City University Unravelling the myths and realities of paediatric pain management See Conlon, Joy Anthony Scott, Anne, Dublin City University Two hats one role: ethical challenges and considerations when using participant observation See Conlon, Joy Anthony Secolsky, Charles, County College of Morris Toward a Theory of Testing Quality: The Need for Documenting Validation Transactions In order to understand how validators are involved and affect the test validation process, this paper is recommending that validators document their transactions with the various constituencies in the validation process as they proceed to collect evidence in order to uphold the validation framework contained in the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (AERA, APA, NCME, 1999). This would provide for greater comprehension by stakeholders of the nature and context of the validation argument in an effort to transmit interpretations of test scores by adding a qualiative dimension to the testing Standards. in the so called never ending process of validation. Seeman, Mary, University of Toronto "All in the Same Boat?": An Analysis of a Support Group for Children ExperiencingParental Mental Illness See Gladstone, Brenda Selland, Makenzie, University of Colorado, Boulder Starting with the Personal: Toward a More Robust Conversation about Race in Teacher Education As a former white teacher of students of color, I struggled through many of Helms' (1995) stages of white identity development in ways sometimes detrimental to my students. Even though I have since become a more reflective educator, I still feel the contradiction of understanding racism theoretically while lacking the practice and ability to speak about race effectively. Through the process of writing vignettes and poetry that examine my whiteness, I

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

249

work at becoming better prepared to be a teacher educator, one who must, by design, speak about issues of race with candor. By sharing stories from different moments of my ongoing racial identity development and working to create a cohesive narrative from a set of formerly uncritically examined and disjointed experiences, I continue the process of learning how to talk about race. In this way, I become more honest as a teacher educator and as a human being. Sen, Anindya, Technology in the Lives of College Students: A Phenomenological Investigation Technology is a ubiquitous aspect of modern college life. This qualitative (phenomenological) study investigates students' perceptions of all aspects of their lives that are technology related. The participants are undergraduates (ranging from freshmen to seniors) at a Mid Western state university. The data are gathered via detailed semistructured interviews of approximately twenty students. The students are asked to describe how technology impacts all aspects (academic or nonacademic) of their daily lives and how they make sense of their technology related experiences. The data gathered provide rich descriptions of the students' experiences of technology and how it is intimately intertwined with nearly every identifiable facet of their daily lives. Sen, Anindya, Northern Illinois University New Technologies and Qualitative Research: The Digital Camera as a Primary Data Collection Tool This qualitative study uses the digital camera as a primary data gathering tool. The study focuses on using photography to understand how some freshmen students at a state university make sense of their lives as independent college students. The participants were asked to use digital cameras as tools for self-exploration whereby they had to take photographs of situations that they thought were either most representative of their lives as college students or that had the most meaning for them. The students were are also instructed to provide a one line comment or explanation along with each of their photographs. The data so gathered (with the photographs playing the primary information-providing role and the accompanying one-line comments or explanations the secondary role) provide interesting insights into how these freshmen students perceive of their new lives away from their homes and parents (or guardians). The advent of the digital camera has made photography ever more popular with the masses. It is hoped that more studies like the one above will soon make it true also of qualitative researchers. Sensoy-Bahar, Ozge, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Revisiting social work teaching from a clinical social practice framework Social work teaching can be seen as parallel to social work practice. In order to be most effective, I suggest it must move beyond the dichotomy of teacher as expert and student as passive recipient. With this narrative, I explore how teachers can approach education as a change process facilitated (and not led) by the teacher, similar to the ideal relationship between a social work practitioner and client. Like social work clients, students come to the classroom with a range of experiences and knowledge and preconceived attitudes towards the "teacher"

250

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

and the learning process. The student-as-client philosophy encourages instructors to seek creative ways to engage these students in the change process. Sevilla, Dora, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan Challenges and strategies of beginning principals in Southern Mexico See Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith Juliana Sevilla, Dora, Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan Appreciative Inquiry and Responsive Evaluation: A case study See Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith Juliana Shaheen, Sarah, Grand Valley State University Autoethnographic Reflections: Understanding the Self to Work More Effectively with the Other See Mulder, Cray Shahjahan, Riyad, Miami University What counts as epistemology in scholarly research? Towards decolonizing research with the spirit A qualitative study of fifteen spiritually-minded faculty of color in the Canadian university context revealed interesting findings on the integration of spirituality in scholarly research practices. In this article, the narratives of five faculty of color are presented to argue that centering spirituality in scholarly research contributes to decolonizing research. To this end, three themes are shared in this article: 1) developing and centering spiritually-based interpretive frameworks, 2) centering spirituality in scholarly writing, and 3) the perils of a spiritual-based research paradigm. This article concludes with some decolonizing implications for qualitative research. Sharp, Michael J., Philipps-Universitat Marburg In Their Own Words: An Analysis of the Israeli Settler Narrative in West Bank Blogs This paper presents a qualitative analysis of the political and historical narratives used by ideological Israeli settlers living in the West Bank. It uses data from settler blogs published during May and June of 2009, when international attention was heavily focused on the settlements, due in part to U.S. President Barak Obama's attempts to restart the peace process. Israeli settlements in the occupied territories have often been portrayed as a "roadblock to peace," which raises questions about how the settlers see themselves and their role in the conflict. This paper offers answers to those questions using the settlers' own words and framing as part of the larger settler narrative. Shaw, Alina, Accessibility to Maternity Care as Merit Goods and Service within a Health Market Environment, Medellin-Colombia, 2008-2009 See Molina, Gloria

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

251

Shaw, Ian, University of York Practitioner Research and Career Identities This paper draws on a case study evaluation of networked cohorts of practitioner researchers in the UK. I will elucidate the meaning of practitioner research for the identity of social work professionals through an exploration of the social environment through which the meaning of "practitioner-research" emerges. I will trace a weft of analytic ideas regarding language, memory, moral accountability, ownership, value, and social work practice as they run horizontally across the practitioner-as-researcher. The elements of practitioner research are understood as interwoven, bringing together and combining different career identity and life concerns that otherwise may remain scattered. I infer that practitioner research should not be seen as a less or more comfortable bolt-on to everyday practice, but as a multiform activity that challenges the taken-forgranted identities of practice, mainstream academic research, management and, potentially, the experience of receiving services. Shelley, Mack C., Iowa State University Making Meaning of and Lived-Through Experiences with Long-Term Care System: Case Study of People Living with Disabilities and Their Caregivers in Iowa See Polush, Elena Shepard, Janiah, Qualitative Inquiry as a Site of Political Empowerment and Performance: Experiences from Community Based Research See Specker Micco, Ellyn Sherfinski, , University of Wisconsin, Madison Conceptualizing and Embodying Social Justice in Education Research See Trainor, Audrey A. Sherfinski, Melissa, University of Wisconsin-Madison "Can't We All Just Choose the Best?" Evangelical Homeschooling Mothers' Educational Practices Critics have argued that the U.S. homeschooling movement may contribute to a thinning democracy by, for example, pulling social capital from the public schools. Thus it is important to understand how families practice homeschooling and how local resources are used. This project uses insider case study methods to investigate how mothers choose homeschooling; educate and socialize their children; view other families, schools, and the curriculum; and organize for success. Three interconnected White, married, middle class evangelical homeschooling mothers participated in observations across their homes, churches, and community activities. Interviews with homeschooling mothers, church leaders, and homeschooling organization leaders provided multidimensional perspectives. The analysis is layered, exploring the complexities of insider research in studying and representing evangelical mothers.

252

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Sherman, Shelly, University of Minnesota Exploring the Cultural Context of Food and Nutrition among East African Families in Minneapolis See Hurtado, Ghaffar Sherwood, Andrew, The Ontario Association of Jungian Analysts, University of Pittsburgh Appearance of the Numinous The framing of inclusion/exclusion is ultimately an arbitrary selection, an assemblage defined by the limit, representing one possibility of imaginative thought. Contemplation allows for reflective thoughtful observation. This present work utilizes the qualitative method of Interactive Ethnography. Multiple researchers visit a substantive site simultaneously yet entirely independently of each other. A conversation among all researchers occurs 24 to 48 hours after the site visit. The focus of the visit is the researcher himself, reflectively observing himself within the space. The ethnography is emergent through the subsequent conversation. The conversation is recorded and transcribed ver batim. Multiple researchers compare their experiences and thus avoid singular solipsistic accounts. The substantive space is an urban male bathhouse (UMB). Huizinga's model of play and Scheler's model of ressentiment will be linked to Otto's framework of the numinous in the context of UMBs Sheth, Reena, Duquesne University Inventions and Invasions: Journey around a Spice Box I moved to the United States from India seven years ago. Since that one border-crossing, all notions of a fixed `home' and its lived experience for me has been in a constant state of disarray. This paper is a renewed, autoethnographic attempt to make sense of the idea of `home.' Merging the metaphor of Indian spice-box with the concept of `heterotopia' proposed by Michael Foucault, this paper first contrasts, and ultimately contests conception of `home' as a free, stable, and comfortable space in order to transform it into a political space that unsettles and dislocates one into action. Shim, Jenna, University of Wyoming Location Matters: Investigation of Responses to Intercultural Differences and Tensions In this paper, I report on findings from a research project that investigated how teachers interpreted intercultural differences and tensions represented in fictional short stories and films. Participants in this study were 14 teachers from China, South Korea, and the United States. The data collected were: (a) on-line discussions of literature and film that foreground well documented intercultural conflicts, (b) life history interviews, and (c) discourse based interviews. Data were analyzed using situational analysis (Clarke, 2005) which helped to uncover durable but mostly invisible structures and forces that shape our responses to different cultural beliefs and practices. This research showed empirically that cultural differences do not exist independent of social contexts and power relations and that problem of intercultural understanding were due less to a lack of knowledge about different cultural values or practices than to the meanings ascribed to these differences.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

253

Shim, Jenna, University of Wyoming Problematizing Community and Community Building in Multicultural Education See Kamberelis, George Shin, Yun-Sun, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Preparing Teachers for English Learners in ESL/EFL International Contexts See Machida, Tomohisa Shuttleworth, Mary, Fielding Graduate University Human Rights Education: Challenges in the Global C The global crisis impacts the lives of people around the world including our most vulnerable, our children. "More than 200 million children in the world today are involved in child labour, doing work that is damaging to his or her mental, physical and emotional development," International Labour Organization (2009). Educators from around the world were interviewed in a qualitative inquiry as to the challenges faced with regards to human rights education. Challenges mentioned included apathy, ignorance, poverty, limited resources for education, lack of academic priorities, lack of effective parenting and lack of relevance of human rights issues. sidi, mirit, Ben-Gurion in the Negev Study: a place where a creative and dynamic dialogue exists between theory and reality "The women's Courtyard" is a feminine, community space, and intended for young women. This is a service which attempts to create methods of operation in response to the events in the lives of girls living in multi-faceted marginality, while negotiating the accepted professional methods of operation in treating the girls. The sphere in which the dialogue creating the practice takes place is the crossroads of two significant channels: one is the daily work of actions and the second is the research process. The study is a process of observation, documentation and investigation of our work vis-__-vis the critical and feminist theories in social work. This lecture will focus on two major axes _éç one is the process of research as creating and shaping a practice, and the second is the process of research as shaping action-oriented awareness, all of which while referring to the method by which the study was written and conducted, and to the personal process which I experienced. Silva Burgos, Luis Marcelo, Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion Representaciones sociales acerca de lo urbano El presente articulo tiene como fin exponer desde la semantica estructural el concepto de lo urbano desde la perspectiva de distintos actores sociales. Para lo anterior se considero como actores a diversos sujetos segun su status. El objetivo fue develar la representacion social de lo urbano desde la perspectiva de los actores sociales urbanos y los actores sociales rurales. Para esto se investigo en dos zonas caracteristicas de la Region del Bio Bio, Chile y se obtuvieron resultados que dan cuenta de las diferencias en la construccion de la representacion social de dicho fenomeno.

254

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Silva Burgos, Luis Marcelo, Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion La construccion del concepto de pobreza urbana La pobreza urbana, en tanto fen__meno que afecta a individuos o grupos al interior de nuestras sociedades, hist__ricamente, ha representado un tema recurrente en la investigaci__n y an_¯lisis de las ciencias sociales. Sin embargo, la mayor__a de dichas investigaciones se construyen situ_¯ndose desde lo cuantificable olvidando las definiciones que construyen quienes pertenecen a dicha condici__n.Desde esta perspectiva, el presente estudio intenta aproximarse a la construcci__n que hacen de la pobreza aquellas familias que viven cotidianamente en esa condici__n y sus visiones respecto a quienes no presentan dicha condici__n carencial en la ciudad de Concepci__n, Chile. Silva, B_¯rbara Almeida, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina RESEARCHING THE RESEARCH: PRELIMINARY REPORTS ON A STUDY ON DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION IN BRAZIL See Oliveira, Walter Ferreira Silva, B_¯rbara Almeida, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina RESEARCHING THE RESEARCH: PRELIMINARY REPORTS ON A STUDY ON DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL See Oliveira, Walter Ferreira Silva, Denise Guerreiro Vieira, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina A rede complexa de relacoes do agente comunitario See Meirelles, Betina Schlindwein Silva, Denise Guerreiro Vieira, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina A rede social de pessoas com tuberculose See Meirelles, Betina Schlindwein Silverthorn, Brandon C., Alliant International University Cultural Competence as a Journey: An Authethnography Highlighting the Experiences of a Diversity Educator Cultural competency is necessary for ethical and effective clinical work with diverse client populations. Clinical programs often include a diversity component as a necessary requisite for degree completion, and cultural training as a necessary requirement for licensure. But, how are those providing diversity training prepared for this process while located as an `outsider' to so many cultural groups/practices? In essence, how do we know what we don't know?This autoethnography highlights the author's personal journey of cultural discovery through the experiences of engaging with psychology and family therapy students in clinical courses focused on cultural competency. Highlighted are experiential, transformative processes of discovering unknown and un-told knowledges, and the dynamic process of cultural competency that unfolds through time and experience. Challenges encountered throughout the journey are also discussed.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

255

Simon, Gail, University College Doncaster Dialogical Writing: A Challenge for Practitioner Researchers As a practitioner-researcher in the field of psychotherapy and training, I have been experimenting with ways of writing research which reflect the conversational, interactive nature of ethics led practice. Through writing reflexively from `within' relationships rather than from `without' and `about' others (as has been the case in modernist professional writing), I have paid close attention to the relational ethics of writing with and for others. Writing reflexively for myself has evolved into a sharing of those writings with other conversational participants so turning reflexive inner dialogue into a shared and fluid outer dialogue. This has created additional conversational opportunities and a deeper understanding between participants so echoing the collaborative meaning-making activities of dialogically situated therapies. The paper will address ways of extending dialogical writing to `speak with' fellow writers in the field and anticipate a relationship with the reader. Simpkins, Maureen, University College of the North Negotiating cultural and physical landscapes: The practice and process of conducting oral history interviews in a sub-Arctic region This paper will outline the personal and collaborative process of conducting qualitative oral history research in a northern region. Examples will be used from two research projects that are currently underway that draw on northern narratives to illustrate the intersections of colonialism, gender, race and class. The first project looks at the experience of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered and Two Spirit (glbtt) community members in northern Manitoba. During the second project, 20 oral historical interviews were conducted with Cree Elders for a court case on band membership issues. For both projects, narratives are very much shaped by the physical, cultural and historical landscapes of the region. Drawing on the experience of both projects questions will be raised regarding the process and practice of oral history research in a northern region. Sirvent, Mar__a Teresa, Universidad de Buenos Aires Una investigacion accion participativa en los barr Esta ponencia presenta reflexiones epistemologicas y metodologicas de la investigacion acci__n participativa, dirigida por la Mar__a Teresa Sirvent (UBA), resultante de un proceso de trabajo que comienza en el a_Òo 2001, con la comunidad y organizaciones barriales de Mataderos y Lugano. Bs. As. Se desarrolla durante los a_Òos 2007 y 2008. Indaga las opiniones de docentes familias y jovenes de la escuela en cuanto a la relacion escuela comunidad y el proceso de construcci__n de demanda social por aprendizaje permanente de jovenes y adultos de sectores populares en las organizaciones barriales en relaci__n con la retenci__n y/o reinserci__n en la escuela. Sisto, Vicente, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso Fashioning teachersTMæ identity to new public management in Chile FollowingTM_ the ideas of "New Public Management" andTM_ standardsbased accountability, the Chilean Ministry of Education has progressivly implemented various policies aimed at the tranformation of public school teacherTMæs work identity in the midst of increasing privatization of schooling. This new

256

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

image of teacher professionalism is based on three ideas: 1) TeacherTMæs work is individual and standards driven; 2) There is a clear prototype for professional development: the entrepreneur; 3) students and their parents become clients. The discourse analysis of narratives of teachers shows that this new identity disrupts the referents of traditonal Chilean teachersTMæ identity: the collective nature of teacher's work, agent of social transformation, and that of being a public worker (and in Chile, working class). This new referents for what constitutes a good teacher, run the risk of leaving behind a significant number of teachers who refuse to abandon the view of themselves as public servants. Slates, Angela, UIUC Racial Injustice and the Criminalization of Black Youth in Champaign, Illinois On October 9, 2009 an unarmed 15 year-old African American male, Kiwane Carrington, was shot dead by a Champaign police officer outside of a house where he was always welcome. His death resulted from a call placed by a neighbor suggesting a burglary in progress. This is just one example of many that can be found in Champaign, Illinois, home of the University of Illinois and small urban community facing racial disparities for people of color across all lines - income, arrests, housing, schools, employment and police surveillance. This paper will trace the prevailing existence of racial injustice in this small urban community and the implications for Black youth as the major population of the community's Juvenile Detention Centers. Smears, Elizabeth, The Politics, Poetics and Practices of `Touch': Engendering Private Parts and Public Wholes See Stronach, Ian Smith-Bell, Pamela, University of New England Demonstrating philosophical foundations for participatory action research: Co-producing a documentary film with influential figures from discourse and critical theories All of our notions about the world; our assumptions, perspectives and understandings reflect our individual, philosophical foundations. Criticism still persists concerning the `scientific' rigor of qualitative research. This author suggests that embedding contemporary critical philosophies into the research design is essential to defending that rigor. Highlights from her research support that proposition by showing how participant knowledge is generative, collaborative and reflexive. These qualities parallel key characteristics of participatory action research. A documentary film demonstrates how the participants' philosophic perspectives provide ethical support for their teachings, practice and research. Participants were recruited from those who have made noted contributions in psychology, education and research. This presentation aims to foster an appreciation for the importance of the philosophical alignment in research methodology and increased competency in its application.

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

257

Smith-Shank, Deborah, Northern Illinois University Snowy White Sheets, Ruby Red Feathers and Muddy Black Boots: Autoethnography & Feminist Visual Culture Life journeys are elaborate cultural labyrinths. We survive them by telling and re-telling ourselves stories to fit the circumstances we find ourselves in. My personal tale, like most kids, started with the nearly sudden and overwhelming realization that I was not the center of the world. This and other epiphanies continue to lead me toward reflection, story telling, and autoethnography as a research strategy and as a pedagogical technique. Snowy White Sheets, Ruby Red Feathers, and Muddy Black Boots involves Cinderella, female identity, positionality, and agency using material culture artifacts and stories as touchstones. Reclaiming my early status as the "class clown," I hope this presentation/performance will be entertaining, and because I believe that entertaining and engaging stories are the very best teaching tools, I hope the audience will leave with new insights. Smith, David Harris, York University Disintegrating Involvement in Second Life The following paper is a theoretical perspective on identity and embodiment disintegration in designed virtual sex involvements. The grounded theory study data, derived from avatar sex participant interviews, virtual world field observations, and documents, provide empirical demonstration of the variance of cognitive processes in the progressions of anticipatory desire and realized interactions. The emergent theory suggests that we design our selves and our worlds in anticipation of involvements and, reciprocally, in the acts of involving with these designed worlds and selves we, in turn, are designated. To designate worlds of potential involvement is to engage in a relentless struggle with incongruity. The empirical disintegration of self and world is an ongoing fact, as is their ongoing re-designation and re-integration. This essay focuses on the role of emphatic congruence assessments in the disintegrating involvements of avatar sex and intimacy. Smith, Nancy J, Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi A Rhizomatic Analysis of Mobile Learning's Pervasive Presence among College Students This rhizomatic analysis studies the ways in which perspectives of college students change according to their use of mobile technology devices and interactions. Interview data was collected from 7 former students who were involved in the Palm Education Pioneer grant project as junior high students and are now able to reflect on their former experience and current experiences with mobile technology and learning as college students. Deleuze and Guattari (1987) state, "Any point of a rhizome can be connected to anything other, and must be_éÙ. A rhizome ceaselessly establishes connections between semiotic chains, organizations of power, and circumstances relative to the arts, social sciences, and social struggles" (p. 7). A reconstruction of interview transcripts and mash-up of mobile technology's pervasive presence are represented through a rhizomatic analysis and poetic interpretation.

258

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

Smith, Phil, Eastern Michigan University I Think We're All Crazy: Autoethnographic Accounts of Psychiatric Disability This paper describes autoethnographies of living with/in (psychiatric) disability, using a layered, multivocal, subjective approach to explore personal and relational identities, and the social construction of so-called psychiatric disability. They draw on critical and disability studies perspectives, seek ingto answer the question "who benefits?" from both the diagnosis of psychiatric disability and the provision of psychiatric "services and treatment." In one story, the author describes the loss of her father and father-in-law to suicide, and the impact on her personal and professional lives. In the other, the author outlines his life-long experience of living with depression, and ways in which that has effected his relationships, understanding of disability, and his work as a disability advocate. Commonalities and divergences between the two narratives are explored, as well as policy and practice implications for service providers and educators. Smith, Phil, Eastern Michigan University Understanding Inclusion and Community in Schools: Learning About Disability Through Photovoice and Poetry This presentation describes a qualitative research project that elicited powerful photographic and poetic narratives from pre- and in-service special and general educators about their construction of community, inclusion, and special education. Using a photovoice process, participants created photographs and descriptive poems depicting metaphors of community, inclusion, and who participants are as educators. Photographs and poems were analyzed through a disability studies lens. Inclusion, community development, and special education literature was reviewed to increase data trustworthiness through triangulation. Implications for successful educational and civic community inclusion is explored, along with ways in which classrooms, schools, and the roles that teachers play in the lives of students with disabilities need to change. The elimination of dual regular and special education systems is called for, along with changes in state and federal regulation, and teacher preparation. Soares, Nanci, Universidade Estadual Paulista Cuidar e educar: algumas reflex_Êes sobre a educa_·_ú Com o presente estudo pretendemos refletir e analisar sobre a quest_úo da educa_·_úo infantil, no que se refere a cuidar e educar, sem escolarizar, a partir da vig__ncia do Estatuto da Crian_·a e do Adolescente. Realizamos uma pesquisa qualitativa Os dados coletados foram desvendados atrav_s de an_¯lise qualitativa: 1) pol__tica de atendimento a crian_·a; 2) Educa_·_úo infantil. Os resultados permitiram confirmar que h_¯ integra_·_úo entre cuidar e o educar, pois a crian_·a necessita de cuidados, como prote_·_úo e aconchego, por_m, necessita tamb_m de vivenciar experi__ncias mais enriquecedoras e ser estimulada por profissionais para desenvolver atividades educativas programadas. Soares, Nanci, Universidade Estadual Paulista Pesquisa qualitativa: instrumento de interdiscipli See Filho, M_¯rio Jos_

INDIVIDUAL ABSTRACTS

259

Information

259 pages

Report File (DMCA)

Our content is added by our users. We aim to remove reported files within 1 working day. Please use this link to notify us:

Report this file as copyright or inappropriate

150338

You might also be interested in

BETA
University Administration, 2011-13 Cal Poly Catalog
430-9578_MIA_MPArev
PII: S0341-8162(02)00131-5
Microsoft Word - PhD Concept Paper.doc