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JALANDHAR

Written by Administrator Friday, 15 July 2011 18:37 - Last Updated Thursday, 22 December 2011 22:28

JALANDHAR

Jalandhar is a beautiful city of punjab. It is having good connectivity through road and rail. Jalandhar city is having its ownhistory which is as follows :

HISTORY OF JALANDHAR

Jalandhar was captured by the Sikhs in 1757 and captured by the Faizullahpuria confederacy in 1766. Ranjit Singh annexed it in 1811, and in 1846 Jalandhar became the headquarters of the territory acquired by the British after the first First Anglo-Sikh Wars. During British rule Jalandhar became the headquarters, of the Division and District of the same name. According to the 1901 census, the population of the town was 67,535 of whom 14,715 were Hindus, 40,081 Muslim, 901 Sikhs, and 1,543 Christians In 1947 with the independence and

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JALANDHAR

Written by Administrator Friday, 15 July 2011 18:37 - Last Updated Thursday, 22 December 2011 22:28

partition of India the Muslim population left for Pakistan while Hindus and Sikhs arrived from the other direction.In 1758 Maharaja Ghamand Chand of the Katoch dynasty was made the (first ever Rajput) Nizam of Jalandhar by the Durranis. Many Rajputs lived in and around the surrounding areas of Jalandhar before the partition in 1947. With the partition of the country, many like the Manj and Rawal Rajputs went to settle in the Pakistan side of the Punjab, whilst some went to other countries.Jalandhar became the seat of Nath movement from 8th to 10th century AD, one of its greatest saint was Jalandhar Nath, whose samadhi later became the site of the existing shrine of Imam Nasir-ud-din Chishti in the fifteenth century. From the later half of the tenth century up to AD 1019, the district was included in the Shahi Kingdom of the Punjab and Jalandhar was an important city in the region. In about 1188 it fell to the control of Ibrahim Shah of Ghor. Under the Mughals Jalandhar was the capital of a sarkar.According to the Chinese pilgrim Fa Hien, who traveled India between 399 and 411 C.E., there were a great many Viharas of Buddhism in India. In the Jalandhar Doab, there were as many as 50 Viharas of Buddhism. The Buddhist religion was adopted by a large number of people. As per some historians and scholars the fourth Buddhist Council out of total six Buddhist Councils took place in Jalandhar in the first century AD during the reign of King Kanishka. The fourth council of Mahayana Buddhism took place here, and placed Buddha as a God at the council.In the 7th Century, when the famous Chinese traveller and pilgrim Hiuen Tsang visited India during the reign of Harsha Vardhana, the Kingdom of Jalandhara or Trigarta was under the rule of Raja Utito (whom Alexender Cunningham identifies with the Rajput Raja Attar Chand of the Katoch dynasty). The kingdom was said to have extended 167 miles (269 km) from east to west and 133 miles (214 km) from north to south, thus including the hill states of Chamba, Mandi and Suket (Himachal Pradesh) and Satadru or Sirhind in the plains. The city proper of Jalandhar was, when visited by Hiuen Tsiang, a large city, miles in circuit, and functioned as the capital of a Rajput kingdom. Raja Utito was a tributary of Harsh Vardhana. The Rajput Rajas appear to have continued to rule over the country right up to the 12th century, with occasional interruptions, but their capital was Jalandhar and Kangra formed an important stronghold.Jalandhar along with Multan is the oldest surviving city of the Trigarta Empire (Punjab region) of Katoch Rulers, with reference in history as far back as A.D. 100. The Jalandhar Doab (the region surrounding the city between Beas and Sutlej rivers) also marked the eastern most territory of the empire of Alexander the Great. He erected giant altars in this area to mark the eastern most extent of his empire and also founded a city named Alexandria in the vicinity and left many Macedonian veterans there.

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JALANDHAR

Written by Administrator Friday, 15 July 2011 18:37 - Last Updated Thursday, 22 December 2011 22:28

ABOUT JALANDHAR

Jalandhar is situated at a very good place. Jalandhar is located on the intensively irrigated plain between the Beas and Sutlej rivers. The city, which has major road and rail connections, is a market for agricultural products. Jalandhar city is hub of industries. We can find many manufacturing firms at jalandhar. Manufactures include textiles, leather goods, wood products, and sporting goods. .Jalandhar is situated at 710 31' East and 300 33' North at a distance of 146 kms from state capital Chandigarh. It is at a distance of 350 Kms from Delhi on Delhi-Amritsar Highway. It is surrounded by Ludhiana district in East, Kapurthala in West, Hosiharpur in North and Ferozepur in South. It is well connected by road and train. Nearest Airport is RajaSansi Airport, Amritsar at a distance of 90 kms.

Capital of Punjab :

Jalandhar was the capital of Punjab from India's independence (1947) until Chandigarh was built in 1953.

CLIMATE OF JALANDHAR

Jalandhar city is having weather which is a need of everybody. Jalandhar city wathces both summers and winters with rain and autumn. he city has a humid subtropical climate with cool winters and hot summers. Summers last from April To June and winters from November to February. Temperatures in summer vary from average highs of around 48 degrees Celsius to average lows of around 25 degrees Celsius. Winter temperatures vary from highs of 19 degrees Celsius to lows of -5 degrees Celsius. The climate is on the whole dry except during the brief south-west monsoon season during July-August. The average annual rainfall is about 70 cm.

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JALANDHAR

Written by Administrator Friday, 15 July 2011 18:37 - Last Updated Thursday, 22 December 2011 22:28

PLACES TO VISIT IN JALANDHAR

Jalandhar city have many places to visit. these place makes jalandhar city more attractive. If somebody visits India should visit jalandhar to watch places which are gem of the city. These places are described as follows :

Devi Talab Mandir Devi Talab Mandir is located about one km from the railway station. The old Devi Talab has been renovated and in its centre, a new temple has been built. Recently a model of Amarnath Yatra has been built in the premises. An old temple of goddess Kali also stands by the side of the Devi Talab. The gilded Mandir is famous for the 'Hariballabh Sangeet Sammelan' held every year in December at its precincts for the past 125 years. Imam Nasir Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid The 800 year old beautifully designed mausoleum of Imam Nasir is located in the heart of Jalandhar. The Jama Masjid nearby is said to be 400 years old. King Kulfi, one of Jalandhar's best Kulfi place used to be near Imam Nasir. Shiv Mandhir The temple situated at Gur Mandi near Imam Nasir mausoleum dates back to the Lodhi Era. Believed to be built by the Nawab of Sultanpur Lodhi, the mandir is a blend of Muslim Hindu architecture. History also shows that it was built by a Muslim ruler as an apology for dishonoring a Hindu girl. The main gate is built in the style of a mosque while the rest of the building is in Hindu style. Sodal Mandir Thousands of devotees throng this temple during 'Anand Chaturdashi' in September. The child Deity here is believed to grant wishes of devotees . Tulsi Mandir Earlier known as Temple of Vrinda, is an ancient monument in the city located in the Kot Kishan Chand locality. It was built in honor of Vrinda, wife of the demon Jalandhara. The tank on the side of the temple is said to have been the bathing place of Jalandhara

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JALANDHAR

Written by Administrator Friday, 15 July 2011 18:37 - Last Updated Thursday, 22 December 2011 22:28

Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Museum Khatkar Kalan A museum at Khatkal Kalan, the native village of the great Martyr Sardar Bhagat Singh, was inaugurated on his 50th death anniversary. It was earlier in Jalandhar district, now became part of Nawanshahr district. To pay homage to the great revolutionary martyrs of the Punjab , who laid down their lives for the liberation of their motherland, all their memorable belongings are displayed here. Company Bagh Known as Nehru Garden, near Nehru Garden Chowk, used to be a place where people used to sit in the evening & enjoy the lush green lawns, especially in the evening during summer days to stay away from the scorching heat. Company Bagh ( East India Company ), Queen's Garden ( after 1858 ) and Nehru Garden ( after Independence ) Company Bagh's shady trees have been replaced by various cemented structures now. Niku Park Once had a lovely ambiance long time ago has regained its stature as cheap nature garden or a mini amusment park. It is easily accessible, being in one of the most active colonies of Jalandhar-Model Town. Expect calm soothing environment and more, you could sit quietly on the grass or scream on the roller coaster. Since adjacent to Model Town(MT) market, going for some shopping, eating Gole Gapee/Pani Puri, Bhel Puri & just for gheri is no problem. Do visit Model Town market, if you visit Niku Park. Parkesh Bakery in MT market is the right place for buying snacks, cakes, gifts & soft drinks. During good old days, there used to be a manual machine installed on the counter of the bakery, where the sales person will slice the bread loaf for you & pack it giving a nice, fresh look of the bread. Rangla Punjab Haveli A traditional Punjabi village themed resort. Haveli, a traditional Punjabi restaurant on the G.T. Road, Jalandhar-Phagwara Highway, a wayside eating resort off Jalandhar.The resort that came up a few years ago, close to the popular Lucky Dhaba, has clicked like anything. It offers the ambience of a lost Punjabi village with a truck interior very much a part of the interior and waiters togged in tehmat-kurtas and phulkari jackets. Now it has grown to add an enlosure called Rangla Punjab, which has a cultural programme every evening. The only thing that is not to be found here is non-vegetarian fare but people still come out in large numbers to Haveli. Haveli, a traditional Punjabi restaurant on the Grand Trunk Road near Jalandhar, has redefined roadside eating by a delectable blend of Punjabi cuisine and culture.This 23-acre food plaza offers ethnic food in a folk-laced ambience imbued with neatness and nostalgia. On average, this 24x7 eatery attracts 5,000 to 8,000 customers every day per one of their employee. The high turnover makes Haveli's USP is its ethnic look. From an exterior of "Nanakshahi" bricks to a bevy of antique artifacts, the place evokes the old world charm. St Mary's Cathedral Church ( Jalandhar Cantt) The old church dedicated to St. Patrick was built by Rev. Fr. John Macodnnel, Q.F.M.CAP of the Vicariate Apostolic of Agra, in 1947 at the same site of new church since 1886. It was looked after by various chaplains appointed to Jalandhar from the Diocese of Lahore. Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi

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JALANDHAR

Written by Administrator Friday, 15 July 2011 18:37 - Last Updated Thursday, 22 December 2011 22:28

Guru Hargobind, the sixth Guru of the Sikhs visited the city of Jalandhar during his tour of Doaba area. Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi in Basti Shaikh, Jalandhar city, stands on the spot where Guruji granted interview to a Muslim holy saint popularly known as Shaikh Darvesh. The saint blindfolded his eyes so that he could swear before the Mughal authorities that he had not seen the Guru. Pushpa Gujral Science City Science City is being built with its aim of learning, fun & amusement out of Science for people of all ages & all walks of life. It will arouse creativity in young minds, help in building a scientific temper in the state. The project will be dynamic in its concept, as to adapt to the rapidly developing modern technology.It is a joint project of the Government of India and Government of Punjab.The foundation stone of the Science City was laid down by former Prime Minister Sh. I. K. Gujral on October 17, 1997. Wonder Land Wonderland Theme Park is an amusement water park with water games and water rides. The Park spreads over 11 acres with many hrilling rides offering healthy entertainment to all age groups. The park is located about 6 kms from Jalandhar Bus terminus and 8 kms from the Railway Station on Nakodar Road . The water rides includes bumper cars, flying jets, horror house, boating, kiddies' boating, play house, flying dragon and a slide splash. Singh Sabha Gurdwara-Model Town This Gurdwara came into existence back in early 1950's as a Sikh worship place & expanded to a huge building afterwards. Sikh festivals are occasions for Sikhs to rededicate themselves to the Faith. Every year, large number of devotees from all walks of life celebrate major Sikh festivals like Gurupurab (Guru's Remembrance Day), Baisakhi, Diwali and other important days together at this Gurdwara. Gita Mandir This Mandir is situated in Model Town, close to Nikku Park. Not sure about its history but this Mandir has been at the same place since 1960's. Large number of devotees pay obeisance at the Geeta Mandir in Model Town on the occasion of Janmashtami in Jalandhar. If you are going to Nikku Park, do not miss visiting Model Town Gurudwara & Geeta Mandir.

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JALANDHAR

Written by Administrator Friday, 15 July 2011 18:37 - Last Updated Thursday, 22 December 2011 22:28

HOW TO REACH JALANDHAR

Before knowing city one should know how to reach there, only if you know how to reach the city you can think of visiting that city. Allow us to tell you the means by which you can reach jalandhar city.

By Air - There is no airport in Jalandhar. The nearest airport is Raja Sansi airport in Amritsar, 83 km away.The airport is well connected by other parts of the Country by regular flights. The Raja Sansi International Airport at Amritsar is located about 11 km from the city centre. Several airlines operate flights from abroad, including Singapore as well as London and Birmingham and Toronto. The airport now handles as many as forty-eight flights every week up from the occasional, intermittent ones some years ago. British airways, Malaysia Airlines, Phuket Airlines, Tajakistan Airlines, Uzbek Airways and Air-India are also lining up to fly here. By Rail - Railways which has been lonking different cities has linked jalandhar with other cities in the way that it has become realy easy to reach jalandhar. Jalandhar City Railway Station is an important station on the Delhi-Amritsar Railway line. It is connected with direct trains to Delhi (375 km), Calcutta, Mumbai, Puri, Nagpur, Jammu Tawi and Deluxe Express to Mumbai, Shatabadi Express to Delhi, Utkal Express to Puri and Howrah Mail to Calcutta. Railway Enquiry Northern Railway, Jalandhar-144001 Phone: 0181-131, 2456366, 2456367, 2456072. By Road - There is a vast network of bus services of Punjab, Himachal, Delhi, Haryana, Pepsu, Chandigarh, U.P., Jammu & Kashmir, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators. So you are having choice between high priced buses and low priced one.

Jalandhar city welcomes you.

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