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Prentice Hall

High School

Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 National SE, Kentucky Edition TE

C O R R E L A T E D

T O

Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science High School

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT (If submission is not a text, cite appropriate resource(s))

Big Idea: Structure and Transformation of Matter (Physical Science) A basic understanding of matter is essential to the conceptual development of other big ideas in science. By high school, students will be dealing with evidence from both direct and indirect observations (microscopic level and smaller) to consider theories related to change and conservation of matter. The use of models (and an understanding of their scales and limitations) is an effective means of learning about the structure of matter. Looking for patterns in properties is also critical to comparing and explaining differences in matter. Academic Expectations 2.1 Students understand scientific ways of thinking SE/TE: 21-23 and working and use those methods to solve reallife problems. TE: Class Activity: 22 TECH: www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1012 SE/TE: Interpreting Graphs: 16; Inquiry Activity: 2.2 Students identify, analyze, and use patterns such as cycles and trends to understand past and 798; Small-Scale Lab: 179, 617, 809 present events and predict possible future events. TR: Laboratory Manual: 37-44, 57-62, 63-66, 127132, 139-146, 146-154, 155-162, 203-211, 231236, 311-318 2.4 Students use the concept of scale and scientific models to explain the organization and functioning of living and nonliving things and predict other characteristics that might be observed. SE/TE: Inquiry Activity: 320; Quick Lab: 780, 818; SSL: 774

TR: Laboratory Manual: 73-78; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 257-264; Core Teaching Resources: 657-660, 685-686 2.5 Students understand that under certain conditions nature tends to remain the same or move toward a balance. SE/TE: 550-555

TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 196197; Laboratory Manual: 237-242; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 203-212 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 18.2; Simulation: 24; Presentation Express Program of Studies: Understandings SC-H-STM-U-1 Students will understand that the configuration of atoms in a molecule determines the molecule's properties. Shapes are particularly important in how molecules interact with others. SE/TE: 232-236, 237-244, 398-399,704-705

1 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT (If submission is not a text, cite appropriate resource(s))

TE: Teacher Demo: 243 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 73-76, 142, 240-241; Laboratory Manual: 133-138; Probware Laboratory Manual: Strengths of Covalent Bonds TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 8.3, 8.4, 22.3; Simulation: 8; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1133; cdn-1084, cdn-1085; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 8: Multiple Choice: 30; Chapter 22: Short Answer: 2, 3, 8; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-U-2 Students will understand that an enormous variety of biological, chemical and physical phenomena can be explained by changes in the arrangement and motion of atoms and molecules. SE/TE: 240-241, 243-244, 391-395, 401-403, 445449, 452-453; Quick Lab: 448; Technology and Society: 242; SSL: 245

TE: Teacher Demo: 243 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 75-76, 139-141, 143-144; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 77-82; Core Teaching Resources: 209210 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 8.4, 13.2, 13.4, 15.1; Animation: 19; Simulation: 19; www.SciLinks.org web code: cbn-1085; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 13: Short Answer: 5; Chapter 22: Short Answer: 8; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-U-3 Students will understand that when SE/TE: 157, 170-178; Writing Activity: 178; Interpreting Graphs: 171, 174; Quick Lab: 175; elements are listed in order by their number of protons, the same sequence of properties appears SSL: 179 over and over again in the list. The structure of the periodic table reflects this sequence of properties, which is caused by the repeating pattern of outermost electrons. TE: Teacher Demo: 174, 176 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 51, 5456; Core Teaching Resources: 101-104 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 6.1, 6.3; Animation: 7; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1063; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 6: Multiple Choice: 15, 31; Essay: 1, 3, 5; Presentation Express

2 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT (If submission is not a text, cite appropriate resource(s))

SE/TE: 112-115, 172, 187-192 SC-H-STM-U-4 Students will understand that not all atoms of an element are truly identical. Some may vary in their number of neutrons (isotopes) or electrons (ions). These variations result in properties which are different than the more common forms of that element TE: Class Activity: 112 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 36-39, 54-56; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 73-76 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 4.3, 6.3; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1043; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 4: Matching: 6; Multiple Choice: 25, 26, 37; Essay: 5; Presentation Express SE/TE: 393,401-402; Quick Lab: 402 SC-H-STM-U-5 Students will understand that changes of state occur when enough energy is added to or removed from the atoms/molecules of a substance to change their average energy of vibration. Most solids expand as they are heated, and if sufficient energy is added the atoms/molecules lose their rigid structure and become free to move past each other as a liquid. In gases the energy of vibration is enough that individual atoms/molecules are free to move independently. TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 140, 143-144; Core Teaching Resources: 319, 323, 344345; Laboratory Manual: 139-146; Laboratory Practicals: 34 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 13.2, 13.4; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 13: Multiple Choice: 27; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-U-6 Students will understand that elements are able to form an almost limitless variety of chemical compounds by the sharing or exchange of their electrons. The rate at which these combinations occur is influenced by a number of variables. The compounds produced may vary tremendously in their physical and chemical properties. SE/TE: 194-198, 213-216, 217-225, 693-694

TE: Class Activity: 197, 218, 232; Teacher Demo: 215

3 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT (If submission is not a text, cite appropriate resource(s))

TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 61-62, 71-72; Laboratory Manual: 67-72; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 83-90; Core Teaching Resources: 158, 183, 192 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 7.2, 8.2, 22.1; Animation: 8; Simulation: 5, 6; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1072, cdn-1082; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 22: Essay: 1; Presentation Express SE/TE: 336-337, 636-638, 667-670, 678-683; SC-H-STM-U-7 Students will understand that chemical reactions have a variety of essential real- Technology and Society: 242, 623, 644, 685; world applications, such as oxidation and various Quick Lab: 326, 653 metabolic processes. TE: Teacher Demo: 668, 680 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 221223, 231-233, 235; Laboratory Manual: 305-310 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 11.2, 21.1, 21.3; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn1112, cdn-1114, cdn-1201, cdn-1210, cdn-1213; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-U-8 Students will understand that a system may stay the same because nothing is happening or because things are happening but exactly counterbalance one another. SE/TE: 550-551

TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 196197; Laboratory Manual: 237-242 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 18.2; Animation 23; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 18: Matching: 6; Multiple Choice: 12; Presentation Express SE/TE: 22-25 SC-H-STM-U-9 Students will understand that accurate record-keeping, openness and replication are essential for maintaining credibility with other scientists and society. TE: Class Activity: 24 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 6-8 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 1.3; Presentation Express

4 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL

Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts SC-H-STM-S-1 Students will classify samples of matter from everyday life as being elements, compounds, or mixtures SE/TE: 44-45, 48-51; Quick Lab: 45

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TR: Core Teaching Resources: 41-42, 51-52 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 2.2, 2.3; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 2: Matching: 2, 10, 11; Multiple Choice: 17, 19-21, 23-26, 28-29; Essay: 2, 3, 5; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-S-2 Students will investigate the kinetic SE/TE: 385, 388-389, 390, 414-417 molecular theory of matter TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 137138, 147-148; Core Teaching Resources: 317-319, 347-348; Laboratory Manual: 147-154, 155-162 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP:13.1, 13.2, 14.1; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn1131, cdn-1141; Virtual Chemistry Labs: Lab 15; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 13: Matching: 11; Multiple Choice: 1, 2, 4, 6; Essay: 1, 2; Chapter 14: Essay: 1, 2; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-S-3 Students will construct and/or interpret diagrams that illustrate ionic and covalent bonding SE/TE: 194-196, 217-225, 228-229, 232-233

TE: Class Activity: 218, 220 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 61-62; Core Teaching Resources: 158-159, 163-164, 192; Laboratory Manual: 73-78 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 7.2, 8.2, 8.3; Animation: 8; Simulation 6; Virtual Chemistry Labs: Lab 2; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1082, cdn-1083; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 7: Short Answer: 12; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-S-4 Students will predict compound SE/TE: 194-196, 217-225, 228-229, 238-239; formation and bond type as either ionic or covalent TE: Class Activity: 218, 220 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 61-62; Core Teaching Resources: 158-159, 163-164

5 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT (If submission is not a text, cite appropriate resource(s))

TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 7.2, 8.2, 8.4; Animation: 8, 10; Simulation 6; Virtual Chemistry Labs: Lab 2; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1082; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 8: Multiple Choice: 37; Essay: 8; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-S-5 Students will identify and test variables that affect reaction rates SE/TE: 541-548, 772-773; Interpreting Graphs: 547; Inquiry Activity: 540; Quick Lab: 544 TE: Teacher Demo: 546, 772 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 193195, 258; Laboratory Manual: 225-230, 231-236; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 197-202 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 18.1, 24.3; Animation 22; Simulation: 23; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1181, cdn-1243; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 18: Multiple Choice: 5, 6, 7, 10; Essay: 1, 2; Chapter 24: Multiple Choice: 12; Presentation Express SE/TE: 544-547; Interpreting Graphs: 547; SC-H-STM-S-6 Students will use evidence/data Writing Activity: 547; Quick Lab: 544 from chemical reactions to predict the effects of changes in variables (concentration, temperature, properties of reactants, surface area and catalysts) TE: Teacher Demo: 546 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 193195; Laboratory Manual: 225-230; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 197-202 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 18.1; Animation 22; Simulation 23; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1181; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 18: Multiple Choice: 5, 6, 7, 10, 16, 17, 18; Short Answer: 14; Essay: 1, 2; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-S-7 Students will explore the SE/TE: 424-425, 426-429; Technology and relationships among temperature, particle number, Society: 430-431; Quick Lab: 428 pressure and volume in the Universal Gas Law TE: Class Activity: 422 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 149153; Laboratory Manual: 147-154, 155-162

6 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT (If submission is not a text, cite appropriate resource(s))

TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 14.2; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1142; Virtual Chemistry Labs: Lab 11, 12, 15; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 14: Matching: 4; Multiple Choice: 2, 4-9, 11-15, 18-22, 25, 27, 3135; Short Answer: 1-10; Essay: 2-3; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-S-8 Students will explain the SE/TE: 155-160, 161-167, 173-174, 177-178, 238organizational structure (design) and communicate 239 the usefulness of the Periodic Table to determine potential combinations of elements TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 51-53; Core Teaching Resources: 131-134; Laboratory Manual: 63-66; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 69-72 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 6.1, 6.2, 8.4; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1062, cdn-1063; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 6: Multiple Choice: 4, 5; Short Answer: 1, 2; Numerical Response: 1, 4; Chapter 8: Essay: 8; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-S-9 Students will investigate the role of SE/TE: 237-241, 243-244 intermolecular or intramolecular interactions on the physical properties (solubility, density, polarity, boiling/melting points) of compounds TE: Teacher Demo: 243 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 75-76 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 8.4; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1084, cdn-1085; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 8: Multiple Choice: 40-45; Essay: 1, 9; Presentation Express SC-H-STM-S-10 Students will relate the chemical behavior of an element, including bonding, to its location on the periodic table SE/TE: 164-165, 188-192, 213, 217

TE: Class Activity: 220 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 52-53; Core Teaching Resources: 224-225; Laboratory Manual: 63-66; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 69-72 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 6.2, 7.1, 8.1; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1062, cdn-1082; Presentation Express 7 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL

SC-H-STM-S-11 Students will relate the structure of water to its function as the universal solvent

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SE/TE: 445-446, 450-451 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 159164; Laboratory Manual: 173-178, 179-182 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 15.1, 15.2; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 15: Multiple Choice: 1, 2, 3, 16, 20, 23; Essay: 2; Presentation Express

SC-H-STM-S-12 Students will design and conduct experiments to determine the conductivity of various materials

SE/TE: Quick Lab: 199

TR: Laboratory Manual: 183-188; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 169-176; Laboratory Practicals: 37 SC-H-STM-S-13 Students will create and/or interpret graphs and equations to depict and analyze patterns of change SE/TE: Interpreting Graphs: 16, 171, 174, 388, 394, 403, 429, 474, 494, 523, 543, 550, 578, 606, 618, 803, 804 TR: Laboratory Manual: 37-48, 127-132, 139-162, 203-210, 231-236, 259-266; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 219 TECH: www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1134 SE/TE: 336-337, 636-638, 667-670, 678-683; SC-H-STM-S-14 Students will explore real-life Technology and Society: 242, 623, 644, 685; applications of a variety of chemical reactions Quick Lab: 326, 653 (e.g., acids and bases, oxidation, rusting, tarnishing) and communicate findings/present evidence in an authentic form (transactive writing, public speaking, multimedia presentations) TE: Teacher Demo: 668, 680 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 221223, 231-233, 235; Laboratory Manual: 305-310 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 11.2, 21.1, 21.3; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn1112, cdn-1114, cdn-1201, cdn-1210, cdn-1213; Presentation Express SE/TE: Covered in each Small-Scale lab activity in SC-H-STM-S-15 Students will generate investigable questions and conduct experiments or the section "You're the Chemist" non-experimental research to address them, using evidence to defend conclusions

8 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT (If submission is not a text, cite appropriate resource(s))

TR: Laboratory Manual: Covered following each lab in the section "Going Further"; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: Covered following each laboratory activity in the section "Now it's Your Turn" Related Core Content for Assessment SC-HS-1.1.1 Students will classify or make generalizations about elements from data of observed patterns in atomic structure and/or position on the periodic table. SE/TE: 164-167, 170-178; Interpreting Graphs: 171, 174; Quick Lab: 175; SSL: 179

TE: Class Activity: 172; Teacher Demo: 165, 176 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 52-53, 54-56; Core Teaching Resources: 133-136; Laboratory Manual: 63-66; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 69-72; Laboratory Practicals: 18 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 6.2, 6.3; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1062, cdn1063; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 6: Multiple Choice: 22-27, 36-49; Essay: 1, 3, 5; Presentation Express SE/TE: 105-107, 112-113 SC-HS-1.1.2 Students will understand that the atom's nucleus is composed of protons and neutrons that are much more massive than electrons. When an element has atoms that differ in the number of neutrons, these atoms are called different isotopes of the element. TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 34-35, 36; Laboratory Manual: 45-48 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 4.2, 4.3; Animation: 4; Virtual Chemistry Labs: 4, 5, 6; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1043; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 4: Multiple Choice: 11, 13, 17, 19, 25, 26, 31; Numerical Response: 3, 12; Essay: 4, 5; Presentation Express

9 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT (If submission is not a text, cite appropriate resource(s))

SC-HS-1.1.3 Students will understand that solids, SE/TE: 385-389, 390-395, 396-400, 413-417; SSL: 400 liquids and gases differ in the distances between molecules or atoms and therefore the energy that binds them together. In solids, the structure is nearly rigid; in liquids, molecules or atoms move around each other but do not move apart; and in gases, molecules or atoms move almost independently of each other and are relatively far apart. The behavior of gases and the relationship of the variables influencing them can be described and predicted. TE: Class Activity: 388, 393, 394; Teacher Demo: 386, 387, 397 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 137142, 147-148; Core Teaching Resources: 317-322, 347-348; Laboratory Manual: 133-138 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 2.1, 13.1, 13.2, 13.3, 14.1; Animation: 1; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1131, cdn-1141; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 2: Multiple Choice: 9-14; Chapter 13: Multiple Choice: 5-6, 23, 40; Presentation Express SE/TE: 198; Quick Lab: 199 SC-HS-1.1.4 Students will understand that in conducting materials, electrons flow easily; whereas, in insulating materials, they can hardly flow at all. Semiconducting materials have intermediate behavior. At low temperatures, some materials become superconductors and offer no resistance to the flow of electrons. TR: Laboratory Manual: 183-188; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 169-176; Laboratory Practicals: 37; Probware Laboratory Manual: Solutions Containing Ions SC-HS-1.1.5 Students will explain the role of intermolecular or intramolecular interactions on the physical properties (solubility, density, polarity, conductivity, boiling/melting points) of compounds. SE/TE: 237-241, 243-244

TE: Teacher Demo: 243 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 75-76

10 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT (If submission is not a text, cite appropriate resource(s))

TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 8.4; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1084, cdn-1085; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 8: Multiple Choice: 40-45; Essay: 1, 9; Presentation Express SC-HS-1.1.6 Students will: · identify variables that SE/TE: 541-548, 772-773; Interpreting Graphs: affect reaction rates; · predict effects of changes 547; Inquiry Activity: 540; Quick Lab: 544 in variables (concentration, temperature, properties of reactants, surface area and catalysts) based on evidence/data from chemical reactions. TE: Teacher Demo: 546, 772 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 193195, 258; Laboratory Manual: 225-230, 231-236; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 197-202 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 18.1, 24.3; Animation 22; Simulation: 23; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1181, cdn-1243; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 18: Multiple Choice: 5-7, 10, 16-18; Short Answer: 14; Essay: 1-2; Presentation Express SE/TE: 194-196, 217-225, 228-229, 232-233, 260SC-HS-1.1.7 Students will: · construct diagrams to illustrate ionic or covalent bonding; · predict 270; SSL: 267 compound formation and bond type as either ionic or covalent (polar, nonpolar) and represent the products formed with simple chemical formulas. TE: Class Activity: 218, 220, 261, 265 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 61-62; Core Teaching Resources: 158-159, 163-164; Laboratory Manual: 73-78 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 7.2, 8.2-8.3, 9.2-9.3; Animation: 8; Simulation 6, 9; Virtual Chemistry Labs: Lab 2; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1082, cdn-1083, cdn-1092, cdn1093; Presentation Express SC-HS-1.1.8 Students will: · explain the importance of chemical reactions in a real-world context; · justify conclusions using evidence/data from chemical reactions. SE/TE: 336-337, 636-638, 667-670, 678-683; Technology and Society: 242, 623, 644, 685; Quick Lab: 326, 653 TE: Teacher Demo: 668, 680 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 221223, 231-233, 235; Laboratory Manual: 305-310

11 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT (If submission is not a text, cite appropriate resource(s))

TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 11.2, 21.1, 21.3; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn1112, cdn-1114, cdn-1201, cdn-1210, cdn-1213; Presentation Express Big Idea: Motion and Forces (Physical Science) Whether observing airplanes, baseballs, planets, or people, the motion of all bodies is governed by the same basic rules. At the middle level, qualitative descriptions of the relationship between forces and motion will provide the foundation for quantitative applications of Newton's Laws. These ideas are more fully developed at the high school level along with the use of models to support evidence of motion in abstract or invisible phenomena such as electromagnetism. Academic Expectations 2.1 Students understand scientific ways of thinking SE/TE: 21-23 and working and use those methods to solve reallife problems. TE: Class Activity: 22 TECH: www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1012 SE/TE: Interpreting Graphs: 16; Inquiry Activity: 2.2 Students identify, analyze and use patterns such as cycles and trends to understand past and 798; Small-Scale Lab: 179, 617, 809 present events and predict possible future events. TR: Laboratory Manual: 37-44, 57-62, 63-66, 127132, 139-146, 146-154, 155-162, 203-211, 231236, 311-318 2.3 Students identify and analyze systems and the SE/TE: 506; Technology and Society: 478, 518519, 716 ways their components work together or affect each other. TR: Core Teaching Resources: 429-430; SmallScale Laboratory Manual: 31-40 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 17.1; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 17: Multiple Choice: 7; Essay: 1, 4; Presentation Express Program of Studies: Understandings SC-H-MF-U-1 Students will understand that representing and describing motion in a variety of ways provides data that can be used to construct explanations and make predictions about real-life phenomena.

12 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL PAGE(S) WHERE TAUGHT (If submission is not a text, cite appropriate resource(s))

SE/TE: 127-130 SC-H-MF-U-2 Students will understand that the usefulness of a model can be tested by comparing its predictions to actual observations in the real world. But a close match does not necessarily mean that the model is the only "true" model or the only one that would work. TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 43-44 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 5.1; Presentation Express SC-H-MF-U-3 Students will understand that all motion is relative to whatever frame of reference is chosen, for there is no motionless frame from which to judge all motion. SC-H-MF-U-4 Students will understand that the strength of the gravitational force between objects is proportional to the masses and weakens rapidly with increasing distance between them. SC-H-MF-U-5 Students will understand that electricity and magnetism are two inseparable aspects of the same force (electromagnetism). Moving electrical charges produce magnetic forces and moving magnetic fields produce electrical forces. Electrical current is due to the motion of charge and has a specific direction. SC-H-MF-U-6 Students will understand that SE/TE: 390, 803 electromagnetic forces acting within and between atoms are vastly stronger than the gravitational forces acting between the atoms. At the atomic level, electric forces between oppositely charged electrons and protons hold atoms and molecules together and thus are involved in all chemical reactions. On a larger scale, these forces hold solid and liquid materials together and act between objects when they are in contact--as in sticking or sliding friction. SE/TE: 803, 813 SC-H-MF-U-7 Students will understand that the forces that hold the nucleus of an atom together are much stronger than the electromagnetic force. That is why such great amounts of energy are released from the nuclear reactions in the sun and other stars.

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Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL

Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts SC-H-MF-S-1 Students will design and conduct investigations involving the motion of objects and report the results in a variety of ways SC-H-MF-S-2 Students will investigate Newton's Laws of Motion and Gravitation. Experimentally test inertia and gravitational acceleration SC-H-MF-S-3 Students will experimentally test conservation of momentum. Use tables, charts and graphs in making arguments and claims in oral and written presentations SC-H-MF-S-4 Students will create and analyze graphs, ensuring that they do not misrepresent results by using inappropriate scales or by failing to specify the axes clearly SC-H-MF-S-5 Students will develop investigable questions that guide explorations of the interrelationship between electricity and magnetism SC-H-MF-S-6 Students will investigate the attraction and repulsion of electrical charges to predict the behavior of charged objects SE/TE: Inquiry Activity: 100

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TECH: Virtual Chemistry Labs: Lab 4 SC-H-MS-S-7 Students will create conceptual and mathematical models of motion and test them against real-life phenomena SE/TE: 803, 813 SC-H-MF-S-8 Students will explain why the strength of the nuclear force is responsible for the great energy release involved in nuclear reactions SC-H-MF-S-9 Students predict which forces would be predominant in a given system and explain Related Core Content for Assessment SC-HS-1.2.1 Students will: · select or construct accurate and appropriate representations for motion (visual, graphical and mathematical); · defend conclusions/explanations about the motion of objects and real-life phenomena from evidence/data.

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SC-HS-1.2.2 Students will: · explain the relationship between electricity and magnetism; · propose solutions to real life problems involving electromagnetism. SC-HS-1.2.3 Students will understand that the electric force is a universal force that exists between any two charged objects. Opposite charges attract while like charges repel. SE/TE: Inquiry Activity: 100

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TECH: Virtual Chemistry Labs: Lab 4 Big Idea: Energy Transformations (Unifying Concepts) Energy transformations are inherent in almost every system in the universe--from tangible examples at the elementary level, such as heat production in simple Earth and physical systems to more abstract ideas beginning at middle school, such as those transformations involved in the growth, dying and decay of living systems. The use of models to illustrate the often invisible and abstract notions of energy transfer will aid in conceptualization, especially as students move from the macroscopic level of observation and evidence (primarily elementary school) to the microscopic interactions at the atomic level (middle and high school levels). Students in high school expand their understanding of constancy through the study of a variety of phenomena. Conceptual understanding and application of the laws of thermodynamics connect ideas about matter with energy transformations within all living, physical and Earth systems. Academic Expectations 2.1 Students understand scientific ways of thinking SE/TE: 21-23 and working and use those methods to solve reallife problems. TE: Class Activity: 22 TECH: www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1012 SE/TE: Interpreting Graphs: 16; Inquiry Activity: 2.2 Students identify, analyze, and use patterns such as cycles and trends to understand past and 798; Small-Scale Lab: 179, 617, 809 present events and predict possible future events. TR: Laboratory Manual: 37-44, 57-62, 63-66, 127132, 139-146, 146-154, 155-162, 203-211, 231236, 311-318 2.3 Students identify and analyze systems and the SE/TE: 506; Technology and Society: 478, 518519, 716 ways their components work together or affect each other. TR: Core Teaching Resources: 429-430; SmallScale Laboratory Manual: 31-40 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 17.1; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 17: Multiple Choice: 7; Essay: 1, 4; Presentation Express 15 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

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2.4 Students use the concept of scale and scientific models to explain the organization and functioning of living and nonliving things and predict other characteristics that might be observed.

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SE/TE: Inquiry Activity: 320; Quick Lab: 780, 818; SSL: 774

TR: Laboratory Manual: 73-78; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 257-264; Core Teaching Resources: 657-660, 685-686 2.5 Students understand that under certain conditions nature tends to remain the same or move toward a balance. SE/TE: 550-555

TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 196197; Laboratory Manual: 237-242; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 203-212 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 18.2; Simulation: 24; Presentation Express Program of Studies: Understandings SC-H-ET-U-1 Students will understand that transformations that occur within the nuclei of atoms release vastly greater energy than those that involve only electrons, and result in the emission of radiation and/or transformation of elements. SE/TE: 799-802, 803-804, 807-808, 810-813

TR:Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 267-272 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 25.1, 25.2, 25.3; Simulation 30; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 25: Multiple Choice: 27; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-U-2 Students will understand that while SE/TE: basis of concept: 506, 804 the total amount of energy in the universe is constant, the amount that is available for useful transformations is always decreasing. Systems within the universe will cease to function once the energy differential becomes zero. SC-H-ET-U-3 Students will understand that waves, SE/TE: 138-145 including electromagnetic radiation, are an important form of energy transfer. Waves are governed by rules that can be investigated and used to predict/explain their behavior. TE: Class Activity: 139,140

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TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 46-48; Laboratory Manual: 53-56; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 63-68 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 5.3; Animation: 6; Simulation 3, 4; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1053; Virtual Chemistry Labs: Lab 7, 8, 10; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 5: Essay: 5; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-U-4 Students will understand that many SE/TE: 764-765, 789-790; Writing Activity: 790 elements and compounds are involved in continuous cyclic processes where they are stored by and/or flow between organisms and the environment. These processes require a continuous supply of energy to occur. TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 255; Core Teaching Resources: 631-632 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 24.1, 24.6; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 24: Essay: 2, 9; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-U-5 Students will understand that radiant SE/TE: 764-765 energy from the sun is stored in a chemical form in plants as a result of photosynthesis. This energy transformation allows plants to use simple molecules, such as carbon dioxide and water, to assemble the complex molecules needed to increase their mass. TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 255; Core Teaching Resources: 631-632 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 24.1; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 24: Essay: 9; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-U-6 Students will understand that energy SE/TE: 786-788 stored in food is released by a series of internal chemical reactions that reorganize the molecules into a form useable by the organism. TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 263264; Core Teaching Resources: 641 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 24.6; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1246; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 24: Multiple Choice: 27, 28; Essay: 8; Presentation Express 17 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

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SC-H-ET-U-7 Students will understand that a variety of carbon compounds are essential to the processes that occur in all organisms.

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SE/TE: 766-768,769-773, 775-777, 778-781; Quick Lab: 780 TE: Teacher Demo: 767, 770, 771 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 256262; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 297-286 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 24.2, 24.3, 24.4, 24.5; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1242, cdn-1243, cdn-1244; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 24: Multiple Choice: 5, 6, 7, 8, 10; Essay: 2; Presentation Express

SC-H-ET-U-8 Students will understand that heat is SE/TE: 505, 568-571 a manifestation of the random motion and vibrations of atoms or molecules within a substance. Interactions between or among atoms or molecules naturally move toward states of higher disorder. TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 198200; Core Teaching Resources: 463-464 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 18.4; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1172, cdn1184; Virtual Chemistry Labs: Lab 20; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 18: Essay: 5, 6; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-U-9 Students will understand that many different sources of energy are used for a variety of purposes, including powering machines designed to do useful work. Regardless of function or energy source, the useful energy output of any machine is always less than the total energy input. SC-H-ET-U-10 Students will understand that all Earth systems/processes require either an internal or external source of energy to function. Changes to any component, or to the quantity or type of energy input, may influence all components of the system.

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SC-H-ET-U-11 Students will understand that weather and climate are the direct or indirect result of transfer of solar energy, and changes in one part of the system may influence all of the others. The complexity of the system and the number of variables involved requires very complex mathematical models in order to make accurate predictions. SC-H-ET-U-12 Students will understand that technological problems often create a demand for new scientific knowledge, and new technologies make it possible for scientists to conduct their research more effectively or to conduct new lines of research. The availability of new technology often sparks scientific advances. SE/TE: 9, 11; Technology and Society: 109, 147, 204, 259, 313, 405, 463, 518, 685, 716, 791

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TECH: www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1011 SC-H-ET-U-13 Students will understand that technology affects society because it solves practical problems and serves human needs. Science affects society by stimulating thought or satisfying curiosity, or by influencing views of the world, or by providing knowledge necessary for new technological advances. Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts SC-H-ET-S-1 Students will classify and describe nuclear reactions and their products SE/TE: 800-802, 803-806, 810-813; SSL: 809 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 267272; Core Teaching Resources: 661-666, 683-684 TECH: iText: 25.1, 25.2, 25.3; Animation: 30; Simulation: 30; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 25: Multiple Choice: 15, 23, 33, 38, 39, 40; Essay: 1, 4; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-S-2 Students will investigate the forces SE/TE: 810-813, R39 inside the nucleus and evaluate the risk/benefits of nuclear energy TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 272; Core Teaching Resources: 665-666 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 25.3; Presentation Express SE/TE: 9-11; Technology and Society: 18, 88, 109, 147, 168, 204, 242, 259, 313, 340, 376, 405, 430, 463, 478, 518, 548, 623, 644, 685, 716, 754, 791, 814

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Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL

SC-H-ET-S-3 Students will apply the law of conservation of energy and explore heat flow in real-life phenomena

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SE/TE: 505-507, 520-526; Quick Lab: 522

TE: Class Activity: 521; Teacher Demo: 523 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 183, 187-188; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 191196; Probware Laboratory Manual: Heat of Fusion of Ice TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 17.1, 17.3; Animation 21; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-S-4 Students will investigate waves, the rules describing wave behavior and energy transfer via waves in real life phenomena (e.g., nuclear medicine, industrial applications) SC-H-ET-S-5 Students will investigate the flow of matter and energy between organisms and the environment and model the cyclic nature of this process SE/TE: Technology and Society: 147, 518-519, 818-819

SE/TE: 764-765, 789-790; Writing Activity: 790

TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 255; Core Teaching Resources: 631-632 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 24.1; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 24: Essay: 2, 9; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-S-6 Students will explain the metabolic process of photosynthesis and describe the molecules it assembles to store solar energy SE/TE: 764-765

TE: Class Activity: 568 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 255; Core Teaching Resources: 631-632 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 24.1; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 24: Multiple Choice: 3, 4; Essay: 2; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-S-7 Students will describe the metabolic processes that allow energy stored in food to be made available to the organism SE/TE: 786-788

TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 263264; Core Teaching Resources: 641

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TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 24.6; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1246; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 24: Essay: 8; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-S-8 Students will explore the composition SE/TE: 766-768,769-773, 775-777, 778-781; and function of the carbon compounds involved in Quick Lab: 780 metabolism TE: Teacher Demo: 767, 770, 771 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 256262; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 297-286 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 24.2, 24.3, 24.4, 24.5; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1242, cdn-1243, cdn-1244; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 24: Matching: 1-8; Multiple Choice: 5-8, 10-11, 14, 18-19; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-S-9 Students will apply the concept of entropy to molecular interactions and to interactions within the universe SE/TE: 568-572

TE: Teacher Demo: 570 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 198200 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 18.4; Simulation: 25; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1184; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-S-10 Students will analyze a variety of energy sources, their potential uses and their relative costs/benefits SE/TE: 810-813, R39; Technology and Society: 518-519 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 272; Core Teaching Resources: 665-666 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 25.3; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 18: Multiple Choice: 29, 32; Essay: 5; Presentation Express SC-H-ET-S-11 Students will investigate the relationship of energy input vs. useful energy output in mechanical systems SC-H-ET-S-12 Students will model and explain the relationships and energy flow existing in various Earth systems 21 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL

SC-H-ET-S-13 Students will use weather data to model the complex interactions responsible for weather and climate SC-H-ET-S-14 Students will describe how science and technology interact. Research and investigate the impact of technology on society and how technological advances have driven scientific research SE/TE: 9, 11; Technology and Society: 18, 88, 109, 147, 204, 242, 259, 313, 340, 376, 405, 430, 463, 478, 518, 623, 644, 685, 716, 754, 791, 814 I think this is a repeat of the one above.

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SC-H-ET-S-15 Students will describe how science SE/TE: and technology interact. Research and investigate the impact of technology on society and how technological advances have driven scientific research Related Core Content for Assessment SC-HS-4.6.1 Students will: · explain the relationships and connections between matter, energy, living systems and the physical environment; · give examples of conservation of matter and energy.

SE/TE: 55, 357, 506

TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 2.4, 12.1; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1121; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 2: Multiple Choice: 51, 52, 53; Essay: 10; Chapter 12: Multiple Choice: 3-7; Presentation Express SC-HS-4.6.2 Students will: · predict wave behavior and energy transfer; · apply knowledge of waves to real life phenomena/investigations. SE/TE: Technology and Society: 147, 518-519, 818-819; Quick Lab: 142 TR: Core Teaching Resources: 129-130; Laboratory Manual: 49-52; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 63-68 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: Animation 6 SC-HS-4.6.3 Students will understand that SE/TE: 139-141; Quick Lab: 142 electromagnetic waves, including radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet radiation, x-rays and gamma rays result when a charged object is accelerated. TR: Core Teaching Resources: 109-110, 129-130; Laboratory Manual: 49-52; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 63-68

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TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 5.3; Simulation: 3; Presentation Express SC-HS-4.6.4 Students will: · describe the components and reservoirs involved in biogeochemical cycles ( water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and oxygen); · explain the movement of matter and energy in biogeochemical cycles and related phenomena. SE/TE: 764-765, 789-790; Writing Activity: 790

TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 255; Core Teaching Resources: 631-632 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 24.1; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 24; Essay: 2, 9; Presentation Express SC-HS-4.6.5 Students will describe and explain the SE/TE: 766-768,769-773, 775-777, 778-781; role of carbon-containing molecules and chemical Quick Lab: 780 reactions in energy transfer in living systems. TE: Teacher Demo: 767, 770, 771 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 256262; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 297-286 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 24.2, 24.3, 24.4, 24.5; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1242, cdn-1243, cdn-1244; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 24: Matching: 1-8; Multiple Choice: 5-8, 10-11, 14, 18-19; Presentation Express SC-HS-4.6.6 Students will understand that heat is SE/TE: 393,401-402; Quick Lab: 402 the manifestation of the random motion and vibrations of atoms. TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 140, 143-144; Core Teaching Resources: 319, 323, 344345; Laboratory Manual: 139-146; Laboratory Practicals: 34 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 13.2, 13.4; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 18: Essay: 5, 6; Presentation Express SC-HS-4.6.7 Students will: · explain real world SE/TE: Technology and Society: 518-519, 716-717 applications of energy using information/data; · evaluate explanations of mechanical systems using current scientific knowledge about energy.

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Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL

SC-HS-4.6.8 Students will: · describe the connections between the functioning of the Earth system and its sources of energy (internal and external); · predict the consequences of changes to any component of the Earth system. SC-HS-4.6.9 Students will: · explain the cause and SE/TE: R22 effect relationship between global climate and weather patterns and energy transfer (cloud cover, location of mountain ranges, oceans); · predict the consequences of changes to the global climate and weather patterns. SC-HS-4.6.10 Students will: · identify the SE/TE: 764-765, 766-768,769-773, 775-777, 778components and mechanisms of energy stored and 781; Quick Lab: 780 released from food molecules (photosynthesis and respiration); · apply information to real-world situations. TE: Class Activity: 568; Teacher Demo: 767, 770, 771 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 255262; Core Teaching Resources: 631-632; SmallScale Laboratory Manual: 297-286 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 24.1, 24.2, 24.3, 24.4, 24.5; www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1242, cdn-1243, cdn-1244; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 24: 3-10; Essay: 2, 8; Presentation Express SC-HS-4.6.11 Students will: · explain the difference between alpha and beta decay, fission and fusion; · identify the relationship between nuclear reactions and energy. SE/TE: 800-802, 810-813

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TE: Teacher Demo: 811 TR: Guided Reading and Study Workbook: 267268, 272; Core Teaching Resources: 661-662, 665666 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 25.1, 25.3; Animation: 30; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 25: Matching: 2, 3, 4, 8, 10; Multiple Choice: 3-8, 10-18,35-36, 40-41; Essay: 1, 4; Presentation Express SC-HS-4.6.12 Students will understand that the SE/TE: 803 forces that hold the nucleus together, at nuclear distances, are usually stronger than the forces that would make it fly apart. 24 SE = Student Edition - TE = Teacher Edition - TR = Teaching Resources - TECH = Technology

Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL

Big Idea: Interdependence (Unifying Concepts) It is not difficult for students to grasp the general notion that species depend on one another and on the environment for survival. But their awareness must be supported by knowledge of the kinds of relationships that exist among organisms, the kinds of physical conditions that organisms must cope with, the kinds of environments created by the interaction of organisms with one another and their physical surroundings, and the complexity of such systems At the high school level, the concept of an ecosystem should bring coherence to the complex array of relationships among organisms and environments that students have encountered. Students growing understanding of systems in general will reinforce the concept of ecosystems. Stability and change in ecosystems can be considered in terms of variables such as population size, number and kinds of species, productivity and the effect of human intervention. Academic Expectations 2.1 Students understand scientific ways of thinking SE/TE: 21-23 and working and use those methods to solve reallife problems. TE: Class Activity: 22 TECH: www.SciLinks.org web code: cdn-1012 SE/TE: Interpreting Graphs: 16; Inquiry Activity: 2.2 Students identify, analyze, and use patterns such as cycles and trends to understand past and 798; Small-Scale Lab: 179, 617, 809 present events and predict possible future events. TR: Laboratory Manual: 37-44, 57-62, 63-66, 127132, 139-146, 146-154, 155-162, 203-211, 231236, 311-318 2.3 Students identify and analyze systems and the SE/TE: 506; Technology and Society: 478, 518519, 716 ways their components work together or affect each other. TR: Core Teaching Resources: 429-430; SmallScale Laboratory Manual: 31-40 TECH: Interactive Textbook with Chem ASAP: 17.1; ExamView Test Bank Questions: Chapter 17: Multiple Choice: 7; Essay: 1, 4; Presentation Express 2.4 Students use the concept of scale and scientific models to explain the organization and functioning of living and nonliving things and predict other characteristics that might be observed. SE/TE: Inquiry Activity: 320; Quick Lab: 780, 818; SSL: 774

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TR: Laboratory Manual: 73-78; Small-Scale Laboratory Manual: 257-264; Core Teaching Resources: 657-660, 685-686

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Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL

Program of Studies: Understandings SC-H-I-U-1 Students will understand that human beings are part of the Earth's ecosystems. Human activities can, deliberately or inadvertently, alter the equilibrium in ecosystems. SC-H-I-U-2 Students will understand that unique SE/TE: 784-785, R22, R31 among organisms, humans have the capability to impact other species on a global scale both directly (e.g. selective breeding, genetic engineering, foreign species introductions) and indirectly (e.g. habitat crowding, pollution, climate change). SC-H-I-U-3 Students will understand that the appearance of new species always impacts the environment. In some cases this impact can have global and profound significance (e.g. when ancient bacteria transformed the atmosphere to an oxygen-rich environment). SC-H-I-U-4 Students will understand that every ecosystem contains natural checks and balances, both biotic and abiotic, that serve to limit the size and range of the populations contained within it. SC-H-I-U-5 Students will understand that human creativity, inventiveness and ingenuity have brought new risks as well as improvements to human existence. People control technology and are ultimately responsible for its effects. SC-H-I-U-6 Students will understand that science/technology occasionally provides the means to do questionable things. Decisions about doing these things require exercising a sense of responsibility. Just because something can be done does not mean it should be done. SC-H-I-U-7 Students will understand that the critical assumptions behind any line of reasoning must be made explicit, so that the validity of the position being taken can be judged. SE/TE: 9, 11

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SE/TE: 784-785

SE/TE: 25

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Prentice Hall Chemistry (Wilbraham) © 2008 ­ National SE and Kentucky TE Correlated to: Kentucky Combined Curriculum - Science (High School) KENTUCKY COMBINED CURRICULUM SCIENCE ­ HIGH SCHOOL

Program of Studies: Skills and Concepts SC-H-I-S-1 Students will explore ways to eradicate SE/TE: 16, R27, R31, R42; Technology and Society: 518-519 or lessen environmental problems caused by human interaction (e.g., examine programs for habitat restoration or wildlife protection, automotive/industrial emissions standards) TE: Class Activity: 519 SC-H-I-S-2 Students will investigate changes in ecosystems and propose potential solutions to problems by documenting and communicating solutions to others through multi-media presentations SC-H-I-S-3 Students will analyze and describe the effects of events (e.g., fires, hurricanes, deforestation, mining, population growth and municipal development) on environments from a variety of perspectives. Use data to propose ways of lessening impacts perceived as negative SC-H-I-S-4 Students will examine existing models of global population growth and the factors affecting population change (e.g., geography, diseases, natural events, birth/death rates). Propose and defend solutions to identified problems of population change SC-H-I-S-5 Students will analyze examples of environmental changes resulting from the introduction, removal, or reintroductions of indigenous or non-indigenous species to an ecosystem. Use information to predict future impacts of similar changes in other ecosystems SC-H-I-S-6 Students will analyze and synthesize research, for questions about, theories and related technologies that have advanced our understanding of interdependence SE/TE: R27, R31 SC-H-I-S-7 Students will explore the causes, consequences and possible solutions to persistent, contemporary and emerging global issues relating to environmental quality

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SC-H-I-S-8 Students will investigate controversial SE/TE: 784-785, 811-812 scientific proposals (e.g., human cloning, genetic modification of crops, nuclear waste storage), use scientific evidence/data to support or defend a position and debate the ethical merits of implementing the proposed actions

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