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50 GODINI

OP[TINA KISELA VODA

(MONOGRAFIJA)

50 YEARS

MUNICIPALITY KISELA VODA

(MONOGRAPHY)

SKOPJE

·

2005 · SKOPJE

Izdava~: Op{tina Kisela Voda - Skopje Za izdava~ot: Xorxe Arsov - gradona~alnik na Op{tina Kisela Voda - Skopje Organizacionen odbor: Xorxe Arsov - pretsedatel Miroslav Tasevski Elizabeta Kan~eska-Milevska D-r. Tome Nenovski Beti Stankovska Dejan Gajdovski Toni ^uposki - sekretar Avtori na tekstot: prof. d-r \or|i Malkovski prof. d-r Lazar Lazarov Dragi Argirovski Igor Manasievski Milivoj Kosteski Glaven i odgovoren urednik: prof. d-r \or|i Malkovski Recenzenti: D-r Rasislav Terzioski D-r Katica Josifovska Lektor na makedonski: Kiro Kostov Lektor na angliski: Nadica Biondi} Fotografii: Foto dokumentacijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda i foto studio "Bokles" Prevod na angliski: Aleksandra Stojkova Katerina Panova Svetlana Stojkova Kompjutersko i grafi~ko oblikuvawe:

Publisher: Municipality Kisela Voda ­ Skopje For the publisher: Dzordze Arsov ­ mayor of the municipality Kisela Voda ­ Skopje Organization board: Dzordze Arsov ­ president Miroslav Tasevski Elizabeta Kanceska-Milevska Ph.d Tome Nenovski Beti Stankovska Dejan Gajdovski Toni Cuposki ­ secretary Authors of the text: Prof. D-r. Gjorgji Malkovski Prof. D-r. Lazar Lazarov Dragi Argirovski Igor Manasievski Milivoj Kosteski General and responsible editor: Prof. D-r. Gjorgji Malkovski Reviewers: Ph.d. Rasislav Terzioski Ph.d Katica Josifovska Macedonian lecturer: Kiro Kostov English lecturer: Nadica Biondic Photographs: Photo documentation of the municipality Kisela Veda Photo studio "Bokles" Translation: Aleksandra Stojkova Katerina Panova Svetlana Stojkova Computer and graphic design "MAKFORM" -Skopje Printing: Printing house "Evropa 92" - Kocani Edition: 1000 copies

"MAKFORM" - Skopje

Pe~ati: Pe~atnica "Evropa 92" - Ko~ani Tira`: 1.000 primeroci

50 GODINI

OP[TINA KISELA VODA

(MONOGRAFIJA)

50 YEARS

MUNICIPALITY KISELA VODA

(MONOGRAPHY)

SKOPJE

·

2005 · SKOPJE

Gradona~alnikot na Op{tina Kisela Voda Xorxe Arsov. The Mayor of the Municipality of Kisela Voda Dzordze Arsov

PREDGOVOR

Vo arenata me|u vremeto i zborot, edinstvenata vrednost {to apostolski }e ostane zasekoga{ vtkaena vo makedonskiot yvezdopis za Op{tina Kisela Voda, e pi{aniot zbor vo koj se vklopuva i ovaa monografija. Iako ovaa godina slavime pedeset godini od postoeweto na op{tinata, sepak, toa ne zna~i deka tolku postoel i `ivotot na ovaa teritorija i s# drugo na nea povrzano so ovozemskiot `ivot kako trajna vrednost. Naprotiv, istoriskite, politi~kite, demografskite i kulturnite nastani vo nea pove}e mileniumi i vekovi nanazad go `iveele svojot `ivot vo razli~ni epohi, carstva, imperii itn. Za da se vkameni vremeto vo beskone~nosta i za da se za~uva minatoto za sega{nosta i idninata, vo ovaa kniga se pravi edna elaboracija i neposredna povrzanost so se ona {to bilo nekoga{ i sega. Zatoa, pedeset godi{ninata od postanokot na Op{tinata Kisela Voda e dostoen jubilej koj zaslu`uva trajno da go odbele`ime i so edno vakvo izdanie. Iako Op{tinata do`iveala nekolku transformacii, sekoga{ bila me|u najgolemite i najrazvienite vo Republikata. I ne samo toa. Op{tinata kako rasadnik na kadri dala najmnogu vrvni priznati nau~nici, stopanstvenici, dr`avnici, kulturno-umetni~ki tvorci, sportisti i drugi kadri vo site oblasti. Niz burnata istorija na ovie prostori opstojuvale razni civilizacii koi ostavale svoi belezi od materijalnata i duhovnata kultura. Makedonskiot narod, iako do`iveal mnogu ropstva, voeni pohodi, grabe`i, pale`i i crkovnoprosvetni propagandi za negovo prekrstuvawe, duhovno i nacionalno nikoga{ ne bil skr{en. Za `al, so negovata sudbina se poigrala i prirodata preku nekolkute zemjotresi, poplavi i epidemii koi

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PREFACE

In the arena between the time and the word, the solely value that would apostolically remain forever imprinted in the Macedonian star chronology for Municipality Kisela Voda would be the written word and this monograph. Although this year we celebrate 50 years of the existence of the municipality, still that does not mean years of duration of life on this territory and all other connected with the earthly life as permanent value. On the contrary, historic, politic, demographic and cultural events had their occurrence through many millenniums and centuries in different kingdoms, empires, epochs and others. In order for the time to be engraved in the eternity and to preserve the past for the present and the future this book constitutes an elaboration and indirect connection to everything that has been than and now. Therefore, 50 years of growth of the Municipality Kisela Voda is a worthy anniversary that deserves to be permanently emphasized with this kind of publication. Even though the Municipality experienced several transformations, it has always been among the largest and most developed municipalities in Republic of Macedonia. And not only that. The municipality is the among the first, to be exact the origination of many supreme scientists, entrepreneurs, statesmen, cultural and art creators, sportsmen and other recognized distinguished people. Trough the turbulent history on these territory different civilizations existed leaving their markings of material and spiritual culture. Macedonian people even though experienced much slavery, wars, robberies, fires, religious and educational propaganda for its rebaptizement, it was never spiritually and nationally broken. Unfortunately, the nature has raffled

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bezmilosno uni{tuvale s# pred sebe i go doveduvale narodot na rabot na biolo{kata egzistencija od ovie krai{ta, no koj sepak nao|al sili da gi zale~i ranite i kako feniks odnovo da zapo~ne nov `ivot prkosej}i mu na vremeto. Niz bogat tekst so brojni podatoci i ilustriran i so mnogu fotografii, celta ni e da Vi dademe realna slika za dosega{nite dostignuvawa na Op{tinata od nejzinoto formirawe do denes. Za `al op{tinata Kisela Voda od koren go izmeni svojot lik po poplavata vo 1962 godina i po katastrofalniot zemjotres {to go pogodi na{iot grad vo 1963 godina. No, blagodarenie na solidarnata pomo{ od zemjata i od stranstvo, vo op{tinata niknaa pove}e monta`ni naselbi, a stanbenite kompleksi se gradea urbanisti~ki i aseizmi~ki. Vo novite naselbi, paralelno so izgradbata na stanbeniot i delovniot prostor, se izgradija i site infrastrukturni i drugi potrebni objekti koi ovozmo`uvaat zadovoluvawe na site neophodni potrebi na `itelite i sozdavawe na preduslovi za ramnopraven razvoj na stopanskite i op{testvenite dejnosti. Kadrovskiot i materijalniot potencijal so koj raspolaga op{tinata se garancija za ponatamo{en razvoj i prosperitet vo site oblasti i dejnosti. So sekojdnevnoto prevzemawe na merki i edukacijata na naselenieto za za{tita na `ivotnata sredina, oblagoroduvaweto na sekoj sloboden prostor me|u betonot i asfaltot so izgradba i odr`uvawe na parkovi i skverovi, sportski objekti, detski igrali{ta i drugi objekti za zbogatuvawe na sportskata rekreacija i duhovnata nagradba pravime s# utre{ninata da ni bide poubava, pohumana i poblagoprijatna. Za ovaa kniga koristeni se mnogu istoriski izvori, napraven e izbor na s# ona {to e pova`no i pozna~ajno za na{ata Op{tina i {to treba trajno da ostane zabele`ano vo ova izdanie. Svesni sme za nekompletnosta i za mo`nite propusti, za {to odnapred gi prifa}ame dobronamernite kritiki i vetuvame deka istite }e se otstranat vo narednite izdanija.

with people's destiny through the many earthquakes, floods and epidemics that have brutally destroyed everything, thus bringing it to the very edge of biological existence, the people from these parts have always found strength to heal the wounds and as phoenix started new life defying the time. Trough the rich text with numerous information and illustrated with many photographs, our goal is to present You the real picture of all achievements of the municipality Kisela Voda from its formation till today. Unfortunately the Municipality Kisela Voda has totally changed its appearance after the flood in 1962 and the catastrophic earthquake that stroke our city in 1963. Thanks to the solidarity assistance from the country and abroad, throughout the Municipality numerous assembling settlements were constructed as well as urban and seismic housing complexes. In the new settlements parallel to the housing and business construction building, other infrastructure objects were built, that provide fulfillment of all essential needs of the inhabitants and it created preconditions for equal development of the economic and societal activities. The personal and material potential on municipality disposal are guarantee for further development and prosperity in all areas and activities. The undertaking of every day's measures and education of the population, for protecting the environment, beautifying of every free space between the concrete and asphalt with construction and maintenance of parks and squares, sport objects, children's playgrounds and other objects in order to enrich the sport recreation and spiritual improvement with the purpose to create more wonderful, humane and decent future. Many sources have been used and selection has been made of what is more important and significant for our Municipality and what has to remain permanently recorded in this edition. We are all well aware for the incompleteness and for the possible omissions for which we in advance accept every well-directed criticism and we promise that those would be removed in the following editions.

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Za podgotvuvaweto na Monografijava golema blagodarnost im upatuvame na pove}e institucii i poedinci koi gi napravija dostapni svoite arhivi i biblioteki na na{ite sostavuva~i. Posebna blagodarnost im upatuvame na Republi~kiot zavod za statistika, Narodnata i univerzitetska biblioteka "Sv. Kliment Ohridski", Arhivot na grad Skopje, Muzejot na grad Skopje i Institutot za nacionalna istorija. Xorxe Arsov - gradona~alnik na Op{tina Kisela Voda - Skopje

In the preparation of the Monograph we owe great gratitude to many institutions and individuals that made available their archives and libraries to the authors of this Monograph. We are especially grateful to the State Statistics Office, the National and University Library "St. Kliment Ohridski", the Museum of City of Skopje and the Institute of National History.

Dzordze Arsov - Mayor of the Municipality of Kisela Voda ­ Skopje

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Naselba "Cvetan Dimov" The settlement of "Cvetan Dimov"

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I. PRIRODNO - GEOGRAFSKI KARAKTERISTIKI NA OP[TINA KISELA VODA1

Teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda, spored geografskata polo`ba, se nao|a vo plodnata Skopska Kotlina. Ovaa Kotlina e krajniot zaliv do koj se ~uvstvuvaat toplite vozdu{ni struewa po dolinata na Vardar od Egejskoto More i pretstavuva termi~ki reon vo koj izrazito se manifestira kotlinskiot karakter vrz temperaturniot re`im. Inaku, pod Skopska Kotlina se podrazbira dosta prostrana oblast vo gorniot tek na r. Vardar koja 0 0 0 se protega od 41 42' do 42 11' s.g.{. i od 18 45'

I. NATURAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MUNICIPALITY KISELA VODA 1

According to the geographical position, the territory of Municipality Kisela Voda, is located in the fertile Skopje valley. The Skopje valley is final bay where the warm air circulation from the Aegean Sea is felt along the valley of Vardar and represents a thermal region in which the valley character on the temperature regime is extremely manifested. Otherwise, the Skopje valley includes spacious area on the upper flow 0 of the river Vardar, extending from 41 42' to 0 42 11' north geographical width and from 180

Vo monografijava site nastani i procesi, {to se odvivale na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda, se obraboteni spored administrativnoteritorijalnata podelba od 1996 godina, a koja be{e vo sila s# do donesuvaweto na noviot zakon za teritorijalna organizacija na lokalnata samouprava vo avgust 2004 godina. Toa zna~i deka vo nea se pomesteni podatoci i za novata Op{tina Aerodrom, koja dotoga{ be{e edna celina so Op{tina Kisela Voda. Zatoa i objektivno be{e nevozmo`no teritorijata da se razgrani~i pome|u dvete op{tini so ogled na faktot {to site statisti~ki pokazateli od site oblasti na `iveeweto i raboteweto se vodea kako za edna op{tina. Treba da napomeneme deka monografijata e zapo~nata da se pi{uva dodeka vo sila be{e starata teritorijalna podelba, odnosno koga Op{tinata ne samo {to be{e najbrojna vo na{ata dr`ava, tuku be{e i edna od op{tinite kade{to infrastrukturata vo site oblasti od ekonomijata imaa zabele`itelen raste`. Tokmu poradi toa, Izdava~kiot odbor se odlu~i na vakov konceptualen priod pri obrabotkata na monografijata so procenka deka informaciite prilo`eni vo nea }e bidat dragocen izvor za sostojbite na ekonomski, socijalen, demografski i urban plan i za novata Op{tina Aerodrom. No, zaradi kontinuitet, pomestivme informacii i za nastani za poslednite pedeset godini od postoeweto na op{tinata kako sostaven del na tekstot. 50 GODINI 9

1

In this monography all the events and processes that occurred on the present territory of Municipality Kisela Voda are elaborated according to the administrative and territorial division from 1996, that was on power till the adoption of the new Law on territorial organization of the local self-government from August 2004. This means that in the monograph contains data for the new Municipality Aerodrom, which until then represented one segment with the Municipality Kisela Voda. Due to this fact it was objectively impossible to delimit the monograph between the two municipalities because all the statistics parameters of all areas of life and work were conducted as for one municipality. It should be mentioned that this monograph was commenced while the old territorial division was on power meaning while the municipality was not only most populated in the country but also was one where the infrastructure in all the areas of the economy had significant development. For this reason exactly, the Publishing board decided on this kind of conceptual approach during the elaboration of the monograph with estimation that the enclosed information would be precious source of the economic, social, demographic and urban conditions for the new Municipality Aerodrom. For the reason of continuity, information and events in the last fifty years of existence of the municipality are structural part of the text.

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Slika 3. Pogled od Markovo kruv~e nad naselbata Pr`ino Photo 3. View from "Markovo kruvce" above the settlement of "Przino"

do 19 29' 30'' i.g.d. Taa se nao|a na mestoto kade{to se dopiraat Kosovskata Kotlina na severozapad, Polo{kata Kotlina na zapad i Kumanovsko-Pre{evskata Dolina na sever. Nao|aj}i se vo prodol`enie na Vardarskata dolina, Skopskata kotlina e orientirana vo pravec sevorozapad - jugoistok. Vo toj pravec se protega vo dol`ina od 47 km, a {irinata ne e najednakva: vo zapadniot kraj od Osoj do biloto na Skopska Crna Gora e 28 km, a vo isto~niot kraj od Jakupica do Krasta kaj 2 P~iwa e 50 km. Zafa}a povr{ina od 2.100 km . Najniskata nejzina to~ka se nao|a vo jugoisto~niot del (na vlivot na P~iwa vo Vardar so 173 metri nadmorska viso~ina). Nadmorskata viso~ina na Op{tinata Kisela Voda e razli~na: od 240 m vo Aerodrom do 1067 m na vrvot na Vodno. Dnoto na Kotlinata vo isto~niot del e na visina od 225 m, a vo zapadniot del na 340 m. Najvisokata to~ka se nao|a na ju`nata strana na vrvot Mokro na planinata Jakupica so 2.540 m. Op{tina Kisela Voda, edna od pove}eto skopski op{tini, zazema posebno mesto. Zafa}a delovi od zapadniot i jugozapadniot

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45' to 190 29'30'' east geographical length. It is located on the position where the Kosovo valley on the northwest, the Polog valley on the west and Kumanovo-Presevo valley on the north adjoins. Located in the extension of the Vardar valley, the Skopje valley is oriented in direction to NW-SE. In this direction, the valley is spread in length of 47 kilometers, but the width is not entirely equal: on the western end of Osoi to plateau of the Skopje-Crna Gora is 28 kilometers and on the eastern end of Jakupica to Krasta at the river Pchinja is 50 kilometers, occupying area of 2100 square kilometers. The lowest point is located in SE part (at the infusion of the Pcinja into the Vardar with 173 meters above the sea level. The sea level of Municipality Kisela Voda is different with 240 meters in Aerodrom to 1067 meters on the peak of Vodno. The bottom of the valley in the eastern part is on height of 225 meters and in the western part is on 340 meters. The highest point is located on the southern part of the peak Mokro on the Jakupica Mountain with 2.540 meters.

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del na Skopskata Kotlina od desnata strana na r. Vardar. Teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda, spored svojot postanok, e relativno mlada geolo{ka gradba koja nastanala po tektonski pat. Vo geolo{ki pregled vo nea preovladuvaat kvarterni sedimenti, aluvijalni nanosi, peso~nici i konglomerati, laporovi materijali, kredni varovnici i mermeri, kristalesti {krilci (mnogu stari karpi), a vo najniskite delovi i barski sedimenti. Vo tektonski pogled treba da se istakne golemata seizmi~ka nestabilnost i ~estata pojava na zemjotresi so epicentar vo samata Skopska Kotlina. Vsu{nost, celata teritorija na Op{tina Kisela Voda nastanala so tektonsko spu{tawe na zemjata vo pravec jugozapad-severoistok. Teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda spored geomorfolo{kata analiza e dosta stara i po~nuva nekade od paleogenot i go opfa}a periodot na zemjinata istorija koja zapo~nala pred 70 milioni a zavr{ila pred 35 milioni godini. Toga{ bil stvoren inicijalniot oblik koj pridonel vo Skopskata Kotlina da navleze Oligocenskoto More (period od zemjinata istorija koj zapo~nal nekade pred 50 milioni, a zavr{il pred okolu 35 milioni godini). Vo ova More se vlivale site okolni reki.

Municipality Kisela Voda is one of the many Municipalities in Skopje and has a special significance. It is extending over parts of the western and southwestern part of the Skopje valley, on the right side of the river Vardar. The territory of Municipality Kisela Voda according to its genesis is relatively young geological structure that occurred tectonically with linear descend of today actual massive morphological forms ­ mountains and valleys. Geologically it is consisted of quarter sediments alluvial, sands and conglomerates, laporal material, chalky limestone and marble, crystal sharp rocks and in the lowest parts swamp sediments. In tectonic aspect great seismic instability should be emphasized and the frequent occurrence of earthquakes with epicenter in the Skopje valley. Actually, the entire territory of today's Municipality Kisela Voda occurred with tectonic descent of the earth in direction of southwest-northeast. The territory of present Municipality Kisela Voda according to geomorphologic analyses is very old starting somewhere from paleontology the time period of the earth history that begun before 70 millions ears and ending before 35 millions years. At that time the initial form was created that contributed for the Skopje valley to enter the Oligocenic Sea (period of the Earth history that

Slika 4. Rekata Vardar vo naselbata Aerodrom. Photo 4. The river Vardar in the settlement of Aerodorm.

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Jakite tektonski dvi`ewa na zemjinata kora pridonele vo ovoj period da se formira golemoto Skopsko Ezero. Povr{inata na Ezeroto vo odredeni periodi se ka~uvala i do 900 metri, {to zna~i bilo so dlabo~ina od okolu 900 m. Celata teritorija na Op{tina Kisela Voda bila potopena od nekoga{noto Skopsko Ezero. Najvisokata to~ka na toa ezero se nao|ala na teritorijata na op{tinata, odnosno pod samiot vrv na Vodno do okolu 900m. Za toa svedo~at mnogubrojnite serii na abrazivnite oblici - terasi na razli~ni nivoa, i toa od 25 do 780 metri. Reljefnite oblici, abrazivnite terasi i povr{ini naj~esto i denes ja zadr`ale svojata horizontalna polo`ba. Rekite koi se vlivale vo Ezeroto bile kratki te~ni tekovi, no so sukcesivnoto spu{tawe na ezeroto se prodol`uvale i zapo~nale da formiraat fluvijalni terasi. Vrz klimatskite osobini na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda posebno vlijanie ima polo`bata i lokalnite orografski uslovi. Srednata godi{na temperatura na vozduhot vo Op{tina Kisela Voda iznesuva 12,5 stepeni celziusovi. Apsolutnata minimalna temperatura vo nea iznesuva 22,9 stepeni, dodeka godi{nata maksimalna temperatura iznesuva +41,2 stepeni celziusovi. Op{tinata Kisela Voda se odlikuva so topli leta, duri na momenti i mnogu topli i suvi, a zimite se umereni, studeni. Esenta e relativno potopla od proletta. Vo Op{tina Kisela Voda prose~niot mrazen period trae 170 dena. Prviot (ili esenskiot) mraz se pojavuva vo period od vtorata polovina na septemvri do noemvri mesec, a proletniot mraz se pojavuva od vtorata polovina na fevruari i trae do maj mesec. Vetrovite vo Op{tina Kisela Voda se javuvaat od site pravci i me|upravci. Po dolinata na reka Vardar i po celata kotlina preovladuvaat "Vardarecot" od severozapadniot pravec i "Jugot" od jugoisto~en i ju`en pravec. "Vardarecot" e kratkotraen t.e. trae od 1 do 2 dena i duva preku cela godina, no naj~esto vo zimskite i ranite proletni meseci, a ne-

begun somewhere before 50 million years and ending before about 35 million years). In this sea, all the surrounding rivers were infused. In this time period, strong tectonic movements of the Earth surface contributed in formation of the great Skopje Lake. The surface of the lake in specific periods reached up to 900 meters, which means its dept was around 900 meters. The entire territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda was sunk in the existing Skopje Lake. The highest point of that lake was located on the present territory of Municipality Kisela Voda under the Vodno peak around 900 meters. There are evidences of the numerous series of the abrasive shapes- platforms on different levels and from 25 to 780 meters. The relief forms abrasive platforms and surfaces even today retained their horizontal position. Rivers that infused in the lake were with short stream-flows but with the successive descending of the lake the rivers were prolonged and begun formation of fluvial platforms. The position and the local orographic conditions of the Municipality Kisela Voda had special influence on its climatic characteristics. The average annual air temperature in the Municipality Kisela Voda is 12,5 degrees Celsius. The absolute minimal temperature in the Municipality is ­ 22,9 degrees and the maximal annual temperature is + 41,2 degrees Celsius. The Municipality Kisela Voda is categorized with hot summers that are at moments very hot and dry and the winters are moderate cold. The autumn is relatively wormer than the spring. In the Municipality Kisela Voda the average frost period last up to 170 days. The first (or the autumn) frost appears in the second half of September till November and the spring frost appears in the second half of February and lasts until May. The winds in the Municipality Kisela Voda appear from all directions and indirections. Along the Valley of the river Vardar and along the entire valley the "Vardarec" predominates from the northwest direction and "The South" from the southeastern direction. The " Varda-

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retko i vo letnite. "Jugot" e naj~est po "Vardarecot". Duva vo site meseci vo godinata so maksimum vo fevruari, april, maj i oktomvri. Teritorijata na Op{tinata se odlikuva so najgolema obla~nost vo Makedonija po Polo{kata Kotlina (6,0 desetini). Prose~nata godi{na obla~nost iznesuva 5,4 desetini, so maksimum vo januari od 7,3, a minimum vo avgust od 2,7 desetini. Prose~no godi{no ima 105,5 obla~ni denovi. Maglata kako pojava e dosta zastapena. Prose~no godi{no tuka se javuvaat 72 dena so magla, a vo oddelni godini ovoj broj e zna~itelno pogolem. Zabele`ana e pojava na gusta magla so traewe (neprikanato) od 17 denovi. Maksimumot na denovi so magla se javuva vo dekemvri so 16,1, a minimumot e vo avgust so 02, dena. Zatoa i teritorijata na Op{tinata ima najgolem broj na denovi so magla vo Makedonija. Vo onie delovi na teritorijata na Op{tinata koi se povisoki od 500m maglata voop{to ne se pojavuva. Poradi niskite temperaturi vo ranite esenski i docnite proletni meseci na podra~jeto na Op{tinata se pojavuva slana i rosa. Slanata se javuva od septemvri i trae zaklu~-

rec" is short termed wind with duration of 1 to 2 days and blows out during the entire year but most frequently in the winter and early spring months and sometimes in the summer. "The South" is most frequent and blows during all months in the year with its maximum in February, April, May and October. The territory of the Municipality is categorized with most cloud density in Macedonia after the Polog Valley (6,0 tenths). The average year cloud density is 5,4 tenths with maximum in January with 7,3 and minimum in August 2,7 tenths. In average there are 105,5 cloudy days. The fog as natural occurrence is also very frequent. Average in a year there are 72 days with fog and in specific years this number is significantly larger. The appearance of very dense fog without interrupted duration of 17 days has been recorded. The longest period of days with fog is in December with 16,1 days and minimum is in August with 0,2 days. That is the reason for the Municipality to have the foggiest days in Macedonia. In those parts of the Municipality that are higher than 500 meters fog never appears.

Slika 5. Pogled na naselbata Dra~evo od mesnosta "Tri kru{i" Photo 5. View of the settlement of "Dracevo" from the locality of "Tri krusi"

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Slika 6. Naselba Pripor Photo 6. The settlement of "Pripor"

no so maj. Naj~esto se javuva vo utrinskite ~asovi, a se gubi vo pretpladnevnite ~asovi. Rosata se javuva vo site meseci od godinata, a nastanuva so kondenzacija na vodena0 ta parea pri temperaturi povisoki od 0 S. Prose~no godi{no ima 139 dena so rosa so maksimum vo mesec maj vo trawe od 20 dena. Na teritorijata na Op{tinata prose~no godi{no pa|aat po 502,3 mm vrne`i koi se neramnomerno rasporedeni vo tekot na godinata. Najvrne`livi meseci se maj i noemvri so prose~na koli~ina od 22% od prose~nata godi{na koli~ina, a juli i avgust se najmalku vrne`livi vo godinata i toa so samo 6% od prose~nata godi{na koli~ina na vrne`i. Ramni~arskiot del na Op{tinata e edno od najsu{nite podra~ja vo Makedonija po Tikve{ijata i Ov~e Pole. Su{nite periodi vo nego se dosta ~esti i traat obi~no 10 do 15, a ponekoga{ i do 46 dena, dodeka vo 1961 godina toj su{en period trael duri 80 dena.

Due to the low temperatures in the early autumn and late spring months on the territory of the Municipality, there is appearance of hoarfrost and dew. The hoarfrost appears from September and lasts until May. It appears in the early morning hours and disappears in the afternoon hours. The dew appears during all the months in the year and occurs with condensation of the water steam under the temperature higher than 0 degrees Celsius. Average in the year there are 139 days with dew reaching its maximum in May in duration of 20 days. On the territory of the Municipality, there are 502,3 mm of rain annually that even though are unequally dispersed in the year. The rainiest months are May and November with average sum of 22% of the average yearly quantity and July and August are with the least rain in the year with only 6% of the total annual quantity of rain.

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Vo tekot na godinata su{nite periodi se so pogolema za~estenost vo letoto i esenta i toa 56%, a 44% otpa|aat na zimata i proletta. Vrne`ite od sneg glavno se ograni~eni samo vo zimskite meseci i se javuvaat od noemvri do mart. Prose~en datum na prvata sne`na pokrivka vo Op{tinata e 26 dekemvri, a posledniot 3 mart. Traeweto na periodot so sne`en pokriva~ iznesuva 66 dena, a vistinskiot broj na denovi so sneg e 14 dena. Teritorijata na Op{tinata izobiluva so pomali i pogolemi reki, potoci i podzemni vodi. Najgolemi se rekite Vardar i Markova Reka. Zna~ajni izvori se javuvaat vo izvori{nite delovi na Markova Reka, dodeka arterskite vodi se javuvaat vo selata Dra~evo i Lisi~e. Podzemnite vodi se sre}avaat na dlabo~ina od 50 do 250 m, dodeka vo ramni~arskiot del tie se nao|aat na dlabo~ina od 6 do 8 m. Zatoa porano vo site naseleni mesta na sega{nata teritorija na Op{tinata lu|eto so voda za piewe se snabduvale so kopawe na bunari.

The plain part of the Municipality is one of the driest areas in Macedonia after the Tikves region and the Ovche Field. The driest periods are most frequent and usually last from 10 to 15 days and sometimes even to 46 days as in 1961 when this dry period lasted up to 80 days. In the course of the year the dry periods are more frequent during the summer and autumn with 56% and 44% are during the winter and spring. Snowing is usually limited in the winter months starting from November till March. The average date for the first snow cover in the th Municipality is December 26 and the last is on rd March 3 . The time period of the snow cover is 66 days and the actual snowing days are 14. The territory of the Municipality has abundance of small and larger rivers, streams and underground waters. The largest rivers are the Vardar and the Markova River. Significant springs appear in the spring source of the Markova River while the arterial waters appear in Drachevo and Lisiche villages. The underground waters are found on 50 to 250 meters depth, while in the plain part there are on 6 to 8 meters depth. This

Slika 7. Ulicata "Prvomajska" naselba "Kisela Voda" Photo 7. The street "Prvopmajska" in the settlement of Kisela Voda

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Vo odnos na biogeografskite karakteristiki teritorijata na Op{tinata se odlikuva so golem broj rastenija i `ivotni. Vegetacijata e zastapena so 3 osnovni podra~ja: ramni~arskiot del, {umskoto podra~je i podra~jeto na visoko planinsko zemji{te. Od vegetacijata zastapeni se `bunovi od kriv bor i kleka, {umi od buka i ela so borovinki. Najkarakteristi~en pretstavnik e bukata, potoa javorot, jasikata, leskata itn. Vo poniskite delovi zastapeni se beliot dab i dabot Blagun. Ovie {umi porano bile dosta rasprostraneti i zafa}ale najgolem del od poniskite podra~ja. [ipovite i ostatocite od blagun - belograbovi {umi, se nao|aat rasprostraneto po dolniot del od slivot na Markova Reka i po te~enieto na rekata Vardar. Kako rastitelniot taka i `ivotinskiot svet ovde e raznoviden i bogat. Vo minatoto prisustvoto na pastrmkata bilo dosta golemo, dodeka denes ja nema. Se sre}avaat krapot, vardarskata mrena, poto~nata mrena i nekoi drugi. Vo re~nite korita na ovie reki i vo bliskite krajbre`ni delovi `iveat `abi, kako pretstavnici na vodozemcite. Od vleka~ite zastapeni se gu{terot i zmijata. Od zmiite najkarakteristi~ni se poskokot i {arkata. Se sre}avaat i `elkite, e`ovite, polskite gluvci, krtovite itn. Pticite isto taka gi ima vo golem broj. Od niv najmnogubrojni se vrapcite, biqbil~eto, stra~kata, gulap~iwata, gavranot, vranata, alpskata ~avka, lastovi~kata, jastrebot, buvot itn. Cica~ite se zastapeni so golem broj pretstavnici. Me|utoa, nekoi od niv se pred istrebuvawe, kako srnata i elenot a divata koza skoro ja nema, dodeka Risot na ovie podra~ja e odamna is~eznat. Od postojnite pretstavnici najkarakteristi~ni se: volkot, lisicata, divata sviwa, zajakot, ververicata, kunata, jazovecot, krtot i sl. Golemoto se~ewe na {umite i preoruvaweto na pasi{tata gi ograni~ile uslovite za `ivot na ovie i na ostanatite `ivotni. Zatoa i kaj odredeni predstavnici na `ivotni brojot drasti~no se namalil, a odredeni vidovi se zasekoga{ is~eznati.

is the reason for the people in all populated areas on the present territory of the Municipality, to use wells for drinking water. In relation to the biogeographically characteristics the territory of the Municipality has distinctive number of plants and animals. The vegetation is represented with 3 basic regions: the plain part, the forest part and the part of high mountain land. The vegetation is presented with bushes of pine and pine-scrub, firtree forests with blueberries. The most representative tree is the tumult than maple-tree, ash-tree, hazel-tree and others. In the lower parts is represented with the white oak and the oak "blagun". These forests were more represented and occupied large part of the lower areas. The wild briar and the rest of the oak blagun ­ white oak forests are found extending along the lower part of the flow of the Markova River and the river Vardar. The vegetation and the animal world are quite distinctive and exuberant. In the past the presence of the trout was large while today this kind is gone. Another species present are the carp, the vardaric "mrena", the spring "mrena" and others. In the riverbeds of these rivers and in the close coastal parts there are frogs and representatives of the other water animals. From the reptiles there are the lizards and snakes. The most representative snakes are the "poskok" and the "sharka". There are turtles, hedgehog, filed mice, moles and others. The birds are present in large number. The most numerous are the sparrows, magpie, doves, ravens, crows, alpine crows, swallows, hawks and owls. The mammals are represented with numerous species. Some of them are before extinction such as the deer, the wild goat, and the lynx has long disappeared. In the group of existing representatives the most characteristic are: wolf, fox, wild pig, rabbit, squirrel, marten, groundhog, the mole and others. The extreme forest falling and reuse of the pasture fields have limited the existence of these and other animals. That is the reason for reduction of certain species and why other has permanently disappeared.

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II. TERITORIJATA NA OP[TINATA KISELA VODA NIZ ISTORIJATA

1. Praistorija i antika

Najmalku istra`en i prou~en del od istorijata na ~ove{tvoto voop{to e periodot na praistorijata. Pri~inite za toa se nao|aat vo nemaweto na skoro nikakvi pi{uvani materijali ili drugi arheolo{ki relevantni naodi. Skudnite informacii za toa voglavno se crpat od otkrienite grobnici najdeni vo pove}e mesta na Makedonija. Praistorijata vo Makedonija zapo~nuva 6000 go-

II. THE TERRITORY OF THE MUNICIPALITY KISELA VODA THROUGH THE HISTORY

1. The prehistory and antiquity

The least explored and researched part of the history of the mankind generally is the period of the prehistory. The reasons for this are found in the absence of any written materials or other relevant archeological discoveries. The poor information for this period is usually gained from the discovered cemeteries in several places in Macedonia. The beginnings of the prehistory in Macedonia date from 6000

Slika 8. Arheolo{ko nao|ali{te Govrlevo Photo 8. Archeological find Govrlevo

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dini pr. n.e., a na years BC and on the teritorijata na territory of the MuniciOp{tinata pred pality from 3000 to okolu 3000 do 4000 BC. Unfortuna4000 godini pr. tely it will remain mysn.e. Za `al, }e ostery, who those people tane tajna koi biwere, which ethnic le tie lu|e {to `igroup they belonged veele tuka, kon koto and where they ja etni~ka grupa have disappeared. It is pripa|ale i kade known that Neolithic potoa is~eznale. epoch lasted thouSe znae deka neosands of years but litskata epoha trathere is no historical ela nekolku iljadi evidence recorded. godini, a nema re- Slika 9. Pe~at - arheolo{ko nao|ali{te Govrlevo More reliable da~isi nikakva istota for the population Photo 9. Seal - archeological find Govrlevo rija za nea. that lived on this rePosigurni podatoci za naselenieto koe gion is found in the old ancient written sources. `iveelo na ovoj teren nao|ame vo starite anAccordingly, it is determined that the territory ti~ki pi{ani izvori. Spored niv, utvrdeno of the today's Municipality Kisela Voda and large deka teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda er was inhabited by the Payons. The entire teri po{iroko bila naselena od Pajoncite. ritory of the present Municipality and the entire Celata teritorija na Op{tinata i celiot Skopje region were in the frames of the Payonic th skopski region bile vo ramkite na Pajonskastate that reached highest power in the 6 centa dr`ava, koja svojata najgolema mo} ja dostury BC with borders extending to Pelagonija tignala vo 6 vek pr.n.e., koga nejzinite graregion. th nici se prostirale do Pelagonija. In the middle of the 4 century BC, the Vo sredinata na 4 vek pr.n.e. teritoriterritory of the present Municipality was conjata na Op{tina Kisela Voda bila osvoena quered by the Macedonian King Fillip II (359-336 od makedonskiot kral Filip II (359 - 336 goyears BC). In year 358 BC he had conquered dina pr.n.e.). Toj vo 358 godina pr.n.e. ja osthe entire territory of the Payons and included voil celata teritorija na Pajoncite i nea ja it in the great Macedonian kingdom. Since than vklu~il vo sé pogolemoto makedonsko carstthe Payonic state sized to exist meaning the vo. Ottoga{ prestanuva Pajonija kako dr`ava territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda da postoi, odnosno teritorijata na Op{tina and larger part was included in the composition Kisela Voda i po{iroko bile vklu~ena vo of the Macedonian State. Great changes occursostavot na makedonskata dr`ava. Nastanale red in the composition of the population as well pogolemi promeni i vo sostavot na naselemeaning that the Macedonians largely inhabitnieto, odnosno ovoj prostor s# pove}e go naed this region and that during certain time periseluvale Makedoncite, koi so Pajoncite izod coexisted together with the Payons but later vesen period `iveele zaedno, a podocna, so with the time course the Payons were assimitekot na vremeto, Pajoncite se pretopile od lated and forever disappeared from the politiMakedoncite i is~eznale zasekoga{ od istocal scenery. So this area of the territory of the riskata scena. Taka ovoj prostor na teritoMunicipality Kisela Voda and larger from the rijata na op{tina Kisela Voda i po{iroko th middle of the 4 century BC definitely was inod sredinata na 4 vek pr.n.e. definitivno e

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vlezen vo sostavot na makedonskata dr`ava. Makedoncite kako narod ottoga{, vo kontinuitet, s# do denes, `iveat na ovaa teritorija. Makedonskoto naselenie `iveelo mirno izvesen period. Negovoto zanimawe voglavno bilo obrabotka na zemjata, odgleduvawe na stoka i ponekade kopawe na ruda. Zemjodelstvoto bilo rasitneto i raznoobrazno. Naselenieto `iveelo vo mali, zasebni `iveali{ta voglavno gradeni na povisoki prirodno za{titeni mesta. Okolu 280 godina pr.n.e. na teritorijata na Op{tinata i vo cela Makedonija navlegle Keltite (u{te gi vikale i Gali) i prodol`ile nadolu kon Makedonija. No, nekoi bitni belezi od ovoj prodor na Keltite na teritorijata na Op{tinata ne se zabele`ani, osven {to toa predizvikalo del od mesnoto naselenie da se iseli kon jug. Vo triesettite godini na 3 vek pr. n. e. teritorijata na Op{tinata povtorno bila cel na napadi, ovojpat na Dardancite od dene{nata teritorija na Kosovo. Toa prediz-

cluded in the composition of the Macedonian state. From than the Macedonians as nation in continuity till today still live on this territory. Macedonian population during certain period lived peacefully. Their occupation generally was cultivation of the land, breeding cattle and somewhere mining. The population lived in small, separate habitats built on high naturally protected locations. The Celts (also called Gauls) around 280 years BC entered on the territory of the Municipality and in the entire Macedonia and continued towards the lower part of Macedonia. However, distinctive evidence of this entry of the Celts on the territory of the Municipality has not been recorded except that the population was forced to resettle on the south. rd In the thirtieth years of the 3 century BC the territory of the Municipality were again attack target, and this time from the Dardanians originating from the present Kosovo territory. This caused disorder and insecurity in people's lives and the established state system.

Slika 10. Skopje vo 17-iot vek Photo 10. Skopje in 17 century

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vikalo rastrojstvo i nesigurnost na `ivotot na lu|eto i vospostaveniot dr`aven sistem. Vo vremeto koga Rimjanite stignale vo ovie krai{ta, tie pokraj Makedoncite, zateknale i izvesen broj Dardanci. So Dardancite, koi se postavile kako gospodari na Skopsko - Kumanovskiot region i te~enieto na Ju`na Morava, Rimjanite, vo tekot na I vek pr.n.e. vodele nekolku borbi so prezemewa na krupni voeni operacii vo koi uspeale da gi skr{at, pokorat i delumno istrebat. Koreniti promeni na politi~ki i ekonomski plan nastanale po potpa|aweto na Makedonija pod rimska vlast vo 146 god. pr.n.e. Vo rimsko vreme, od 148 pr. n.e. do docniot 3 vek na na{ata era, teritorijata na najgolemiot del od dene{na Republika Makedonija vleguvala vo provincijata Makedonija. Nadvor od ovaa granica ostanal dene{niot Skopsko-Kumanovski region, vklu~itelno i teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda, koja vo 15 godina na na{ata era bila vklopena vo novosozdadenata provincija Mezija, koja se protegala do Dunav na sever. Podocna nastanale novi podelbi koi traele s# do docniot 4 vek na na{ata era. Krajot na mileniumot se sovpa|a so podignuvaweto na gradot Skupi, odnosno dene{no Skopje. Negovoto sozdavawe e vrzano so izgradbata na eden rimski voen logor vo koj bile stacionirani dve makedonski legii od sostavot na rimskata vojska vo vremeto na rimskiot imperator Oktavijan Avgust (okolu 13 - 11 godina pr. n. e.) a po osvojuvaweto na Dardanija od strana na Rimjanite. Podocna, okolu logorot se razvila ekonomska infrastruktura i se pove}e stanuval privle~no mesto za `iveewe na s# pogolem broj lu|e od razni profili. Po zaminuvaweto na rimskata vojska od logorot, okolu 37 godina od na{ata era, `itelite na napu{tenata naselba, starosedelcite i dojdencite, gi postavile osnovite na urbanata naselba Skupi. Vo rimsko vreme na teritorijata na dene{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda egzistirale pove}e naseleni mesta. Za nekoi ima informacii, no, za `al, za drugi nema. Se rabotelo za

In the time when the Romans arrived at these parts along the Macedonians they came across certain number of Dardanians. With the Dardanians positioned as masters of the Skopje-Kumanovo region and along the flow of the South Morava River the Romans in the st course of the 1 century BC conducted several wars undertaking large military operations thus managed to crush, concur and partly to exterminate them. Radical changes of the political and economical situation occurred after Macedonia was subjected under Roman authority in 146 years BC. During the Roman rule from 148 years BC rd till the late 3 century of the new era the territory of largest part of the present Republic of Macedonia was included in the Macedonian province. Outside this border remained the Skopje-Kumanovo region and the territory of the present Municipality that in 15 year of the new era was included in the newly created Mezia province that was extending to Danube on the north. Latter on, new divisions occurred that th lasted until the late 4 century of the new era. The end of the millennium relates with the establishment of the city of Skupi the present City of Skopje. Its creation is connected with the formation of one Roman war camp in which two Macedonian legions in the composition of the Roman army were stationed in the time period of the Roman emperor Octavian August (around 13-11 years BC) and after the Roman conquest of Dardania. Latter on around the camp economic infrastructure was developed thus becoming attractive place for many people of different profiles to live in. As soon as the Roman army left the camp around 37 years of the new era the inhabitants, the natives and the new comers established the foundation of the Skupi urban settlement. During the Roman time period on the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda several settlements existed. For some of them there is information but for the rest there are no information what so ever. Generally the settlements were small or with smaller number of people located at the present settlements of

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mali i so pomal broj na lu|e naselbi koi bile locirani kaj sega{nite naselbi Dra~evo i Usje. Za nivnite `iveali{ta ne se znae skoro ni{to, a za nivnoto postoewe potvrduvaat pronajdenite nekropoli (grobnici) kaj mesnostite Bel~evica, dene{nata naselba Pintija i Tresali{te kaj Dra~evo i crkvata "Sv. Atanas" vo s. Usje. Vo Dra~evo postoelo edno utvrdeno selo koe opstojuvalo s# do 4 - 5 vek, a se nao|alo na 430 metri nadmorska viso~ina. Utvrdenoto selo zafa}alo prostor od 15 ha, so edna crkva i grobi{ta i edna kula. Naselenieto se zanimavalo so zemjodelstvo. Postoi u{te edno utvrdeno mesto na teritorijata na Op{tinata, a toa se Markovite Kuli na Vodno. Spored nivnata starost, tie bile izgradeni vo 6 - 7 vek i zafa}ale prostor od 2,5 ha i so pogolem broj na

Slika 11. Skopsko Kale Photo 11. Skopje citadel

Drachevo and Usje. For their habitats there is no information but their existence is confirmed with necropolis (cemeteries) discovered at location of Belchevica, the present settlement Pintija and Tresalishte near Drachevo and the church "St. Atanas" in Usje village. In Dracevo there was one established village that existed th till 4-5 century located above 430 sea levels. This village was extending over 15 hectares with one church and one tower. The population was agricultural. There is one other established place on the territory of the Municipality called Markovi Towers on Vodno. According to their th age they were built during 6-7 century extending over 2,5 hectares with large number of towers. There are many material evidences for the existence of life during the Roman time period. Those are pieces and fragments of Roman tombstones with Latin inscriptions, glass clocks, building materials and other. During the Roman time period through the territory of the Municipality one of the most significant road communications the Vardar road was used. In the period from the th th 4 till the 6 century on the territory of the Municipality several significant events occurred with participation of outside forces such as the Huns, Bulgarians, Avaries and the Slovenes. And in the eighties and nineties years th of the 6 century the attacks of the Avaries and the Slovenes tribes were more frequent and unstoppable. With the destruction of the Roman Empire almost all of the existing settlements in the Municipality were destroyed th or abandoned in the late 6 century.

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kuli. Za postoeweto na `ivot vo rimsko vreme svedo~at pove}e materijalni dokazi. Toa se delovi i fragmenti od rimski nadgrobni spomenici so latinski natpisi, stakleni sat~iwa - lakrimarii, grade`ni materijali itn. Niz teritorijata na Op{tinata vrvela i edna od najzna~ajnite patni komunikacii za vreme na rimskoto vladeewe - Vardarskiot pat. Vo periodot od 4 do 6 vek na teritorijata na Op{tinata se slu~uvaat nekolku zna~ajni nastani vo koi u~estvuvale nadvore{ni sili kako {to se Hunite, Bugarite, Avarite i Slovenite, a vo 80 i 90 godini na 6 vek za~estenite naezdi na avaroslovenskite plemiwa ne mo`ele da se zaprat. So propasta na Rimskata imperija skoro site naseleni mesta vo Op{tinata bile uni{teni ili napu{teni vo docniot 6 vek.

2. Most significant events from the time period of the Middle Ages

This is a period of great turbulences in the political events and processes that have radically changed the geopolitical, economic and demographic structure of the population not only on the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda but the entire Macedonia. The situation got even more complicated due to the catastrophic earthquake in year 518 that had entirely destroyed Skupi and unfortunately all other populated areas on the territory of the present Municipality near Drachevo and Usje. The period of the Middle Ages represents a turn-point in the historic development of Macedonia because of the process of replacement of existing social and political system of one state (the Roman Empire) with the Byzantine Empire system. This time period indirectly is connected with the arrival of the Slovenes on Macedonian territory and their permanent settlement on these regions. The incursions and settlements of the Slovene population were th intensified especially in the 6 century during the rule of the Byzantine emperor Yustinian First who was born in the Taor village. As a gesture of gratitude to his native place he had rebuilt the destroyed city from the left side of the river Vardar as a royal city naming it Yustiniana Prima. The city was a center of the autocephaly church that according to the dignity was third church in the ranking churches extending large territory of the Balkans and was under church authority of the Roman pope. The incursions and settlements of the Slovene in the Skopje area and with this on the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda th concluded in the first half of the 7 century. The largest part of the existing Macedonian and other native population succeeded in surviving the Slovene invasion. At the same time mixing with the natives- the ancient Macedonians and the other minority Roman population occurred. Latter on, with the natural symbiosis between the Slovenes and the ancient Macedonians the constitution of the present Macedonian nation

2. Pova`ni nastani od periodot na sredniot vek

Toa bil period na golemi turbulentni politi~ki nastani i procesi koi od koren ja promenile geopoliti~kata, ekonomskata i demografskata struktura na naselenieto ne samo na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda, tuku i vo cela Makedonija. Sostojbata u{te pove}e se uslo`nila po katastrofalniot zemjotres vo 518 godina {to celosno go razurnal toga{noto Skupi, no, za `al, i naselenite mesta na teritorijata na Op{tinata vo blizina na Dra~evo i Usje. Periodot na sredniot vek pretstavuva presvrtnica vo istoriskiot razvoj na Makedonija, bidej}i dotoga{niot op{testven i politi~ki sistem na edna dr`ava (Rimskata Imperija) bil zamenet so drug, sega na Vizantija. Toa e vreme {to neposredno se povrzuva so doa|aweto na Slovenite na teritorijata na Makedonija i nivnoto trajno naseluvawe na ovie prostori. Navleguvawata i naseluvawata na slovenskoto naselenie se intenzivirale vo 6 vek, odnosno za vreme vladeeweto na vizantiskiot imperator Justinijan Prvi, koj bil rodum od s. Taor. Vo znak

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na blagodarnost kon occurred that continrodniot kraj, toj go ued and presently lipodignal razru{eves on this region. niot grad od zeThis process was unmjotresot na levata folding gradually meastrana na rekata ning that the ancient Vardar na nivo na Macedonians did not carski grad, naredisappeared and were kuvaj}i go Justininot assimilated right jana Prima. Gradot after the insurgence bil sedi{te i na of the Slovenes, but avtokefalnata crkgradually and in va koja spored dosstages. toinstvoto bila According to treta po red crkva some studies, the vo toga{niot rang Slovene tribe Berzites na samostojni crk(Brsjacs) inhabited vi, zafa}ala pogothe territory of the lema teritorija od present Municipality Balkanot i bila Kisela Voda as well as pod crkovna vlast the entire Skopje Slika 12. Arheolo{ko nao|ali{te Taor. na rimskiot papa. area and it was includPhoto 12. Archeological site "Taor" Prodorot i naed in the composition seluvaweto na Sloof the Sklavinia Berzivenite vo Skopskata oblast, a so toa i na tia as one of the largest on the territory of teritorijata na dene{nata Op{tina Kisela Macedonia extending on the central Macedonian Voda, zavr{il vo prvata polovina na 7 vek. region. Sklavinia according to the Byzantine Najgolemiot del od toga{noto makedonsko i sources was the name of a territory inhabited drugo mesno naselenie, sepak, uspeal da ja by the Slovenes. The territory of the present th pre`ivee slovenskata invazija. Pritoa, Municipality Kisela Voda until the 9 century do{lo do me{awe so starosedelcite - anti~was in the composition of this Sklavinia. The kite Makedonci i drugoto, pomalubrojno, leader of Sklavinia was Arhont or Riges. It is romanizirano naselenie. Ne{to podocna, so interesting fact that Byzantine Empire was not prirodna simbioza pome|u Slovenite i antiable to rule or control this entire territory for ~kite Makedonci, do{lo do konstituirawe almost two centuries until the Bulgarian conna dene{niot makedonski narod, koj na ovie quest. The Bulgarian conquest of the Macedoprostori prodol`il da `ivee s# do denes. nian regions including the Skopje valley (the No, toj proces odel postapno, odnosno anti~north part of Berzitia) occurred between 852 kite Makedonci ne is~eznale i ne se preand 864 years. The territory remained under topile vedna{ po doa|aweto na Slovenite, Bulgarian rule until 969 year. tuku postapno i vo etapi. During the time period of the Samuel Teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda, State, the entire Skopje territory including the kako i celata Skopska oblast, spored nekoi territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda prou~uvawa, bila naselena od slovenskoto was included in the newly formed state of the pleme Berziti (Brsjaci), odnosno vlegla vo Macedonian czar Samuel. The Macedonian Stasostavot na sklavinijata Berzitija, edna od te disintegrates in 1018 after the catastrophic najgolemite na teritorijata na Makedonija i defeat of the Macedonian army in the battle at

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gi zafa}ala centralno makedonskite prostori. Sklavinija, spored vizantiski izvori, bila nare~ena teritorijata {to ja naseluvale Slovenite. Teritorijata na dene{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda s# do sredinata na 9 vek se nao|ala vo sostavot na ovaa Sklavinija. Na ~elo na Sklavinijata se nao|al voda~ koj bil nare~en Arhont ili Riges. Interesno e deka celata ovaa teritorija Vizantija ne uspeala da ja zavladee i da ja stavi pod svoja kontrola skoro celi dva veka, s# do potpa|aweto pod bugarska vlast. Bugarskoto osvojuvawe na makedonskite prostori, a se razbira i na Skopskata Kotlina (severniot del na Berzitija) se slu~ilo me|u 852 i 864 godina. Pod bugarska vlast teritorijata ostanala s# do 969 godina. Za vreme na Samoilovata dr`ava, celata teritorija na Skopsko, {to zna~i i teritorijata na dene{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda, vlegla vo novoformiranata dr`ava na makedonskiot car Samoil. Makedonskata dr`ava propadnala vo 1018 godina po katastrofalniot poraz na makedonskata vojska vo bitkata kaj Belasica vo 1014 godina. Po 1018 godina teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda podpadnala pod vizantiska vlast. Dolgoto vladeewe na Vizantija vo narednite dva veka bilo prekinuvano vo nekolku navrati. Ottoga{ teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda bila osvojuvana pove}e pati od drugi vladeteli i narodi. Nestabilnite procesi prodol`ile i vo narednite godini, taka {to teritorijata na dene{nata Op{tina s# do 1282 godina ~esto gi menuvala gospodarite. Vo ovaa godina teritorijata na Op{tinata ja pokoril srpskiot kral Milutin i ja priklu~il kon srpskata dr`ava, vo ~ii ramki }e ostane pove}e od eden vek. Da spomeneme deka vo 1347 godina vo Skopje bil krunisan Car Du{an, a vo 1349 godina tuka vo Skopje na zasedanieto na Dr`avniot sabor bil proglasen Du{anoviot zakonik. Pod srpska vlast gradot Skopje bil s# do doa|aweto na Turcite vo 1392 godina.

Belasica in 1014. After 1018 the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda was subjected under Byzantine authority. The long Byzantine governing in the next two centuries was interrupted in several occasions. In the meantime, other rulers and nations conquered the territory of the present Municipality in the following period several times. These instability processes continued in the following years and the territory of the present Municipality until 1282 had frequently changed its masters. In this year the territory of the Municipality was conquered by the Serbian king Milutin and was included to the Serbian State in whose frames remained more than one century. It is worth mentioning that in 1347 in Skopje Czar Dushan was crowned and in 1349 in Skopje in the session of the State Assembly the Dushans Code was declared. The city of Skopje was under Serbian authority until the incursion of the Turks in 1392.

3. The period under Turkish authority

The Turks had relatively quickly conquered the present territory of the Municipality as well th as the City of Skopje on January 19 (according to the new calendar) 1392. For that reason the ottoman rule had overspread so early. In order to rule and manage easily with the newly concurred territories the Turks had arranged adequate administrative and territorial division. The territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda was included in the Skopje sandzak (region) (Liva- and Üsküb) that was entirely extending on Macedonian territory and on the north till Kacanik. It is known that this sandzak th was formed in the second half of the 16 century or latter till 1553 when for the first time it was mentioned as Skopje sandzak with Skopje as center. The sandzak comprised the Skopje nahija to which all populated areas of the present Municipality Kisela Voda belonged. After the first Turkish incursions in these and other parts certain stabilization and peace was attained for the local population in the

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3. Periodot pod turska vlast

Turcite sega{nata teritorija na Op{tinata Kisela Voda kako i gradot Skopje, gi zazele relativno brzo na 19 januari (spored noviot kalendar) 1392 godina. Zatoa i turskata vlast se ra{irila dosta rano. Za polesno vladeewe i rakovodewe so novoosvoenite teritorii, Turcite izvr{ile soodvetna administrativno-teritorijalna podelba. Teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda bila vklu~ena vo Skopskiot sanxak (Liva - i Üsküb), koj celosno se prostiral na makedonska teritorija i na sever vo reonot na Ka~anik. Se smeta deka ovoj sanxak bil formiran vo vtorata polovina na 16 vek, a najdocna do 1553 godina, koga za prv pat se spomnal kako Skopski sanxak so sedi{te vo Skopje. Sanxakot vo sebe ja vklu~uval i Skopskata nahija, kade{to pripa|ale i site naseleni mesta na sega{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda. Po smiruvaweto na prvite turski prodori vo ovoj del, kako i vo nekoi drugi ob-

course of the 15 and 16 century. All inhabited areas on the present territory of Municipality Kisela Voda were villages partly located on previously existing middle age village settlements and in the meantime new settlements were formed. The basic economic activity of the population in the villages on the present territory of the Municipality Kisela Voda was agriculture. th th The written evidence for the 15 and 16 century clearly states that the most common agricultural plants were wheat, rye, barley and other. On the larger areas vineyards and watermelons were planted and the orchards were planted with apple trees, nuts and other. The population farmed certain number of small cattle such as sheep and goats. The Christian households had pigs and the large cattle were used for land cultivation and as transportation means. The river flows were used for the mills and raw cloth washing. Austro-Turkish war during the time period from 1683 to 1699 was significant political

th

th

Slika 13. Stara makedonska ku}a vo S. Dra~evo Photo 13. Old Macedonian house in the v. Dracevo

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lasti, vo tekot na 15 i 16 vek zavladeala izvesna stabilizacija i mir za mesnoto naselenie. Site naseleni mesta na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda bile sela, del od niv locirani na mestata kade {to prethodno imalo srednovekovni selski naselbi, a vo me|uvreme niknale i novi. Osnovnata stopanska dejnost na naselenieto vo selata na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda bilo zemjodelstvoto. Pi{anite podatoci za 15 i 16 vek jasno govorat deka najmnogu se seele `itata: p~enicata, potoa r`ta, ja~menot itn. Na pogolemi povr{ini se odgleduvalo i grozjeto, bostanot, a od ovo{kite orevite, jabolkata itn. Naselenieto odgleduvalo i izvesen broj stoka, najmnogu siten rogat dobitok (ovci i kozi). ^uvaweto na sviwi bilo zastapeno vo site hristijanski doma}instva. Krupniot dobitok bil upotrebuvan glavno za vr{ewe na polskite raboti i kako transportno sredstvo. Re~nite tekovi bile polzuvani ponekoga{ za rabota na pove}e melnici za bra{no i za pomal broj valavici za valawe na grubo platno. Avstro-turskata vojna, koja se vodela od 1683 do 1699 godina, bila zna~aen politi~ki nastan koj{to ostavil zabele`itelni tragi vo natamo{niot `ivot na naselenieto od ovoj kraj. Teritorijata na Op{tinata bila mesto kade{to se odvivale pove}e voeni dejstva. Po povlekuvaweto na avstriskata vojska od teritorijata na Op{tinata i celata Skopska Oblast, se povlekle i pogolem broj Makedonci. Posledicite od ovie nastani predizvikale promeni ~ii tragi se ~uvstvuvaat i denes. Ova bil period na iseluvawe na Makedoncite i doseluvawe na Albancite i Makedoncite muslimani, no i na stradawata od razni zarazni bolesti, posebno ~umata, koja vo ovie krai{ta, a se razbira i vo po{irokoto podra~je na Skopsko, ostavila katastrofalni posledici. Pri krajot na 18 i prvata polovina na 19 vek so pogolemiot del od teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda upravuval Hamzi-pa{a i negoviot tatko, lokalni vlastodr{ci od albansko poteklo. Tie bile glavni inicija-

event that resulted with deep changes in the lives of the population in this part. The territory of the present Municipality was the location for many military operations. With the retreat of the Austrian army from the Municipal territory and entire Skopje region great number of Macedonian population was relocated. The resulting consequences of these events had provoked changes that are present even today. This was a period of emigration of the Macedonians and resettling of the Albanians and Macedonians with Muslim origin and period of various contagious diseases especially the plague that in these parts and in the larger Skopje region had catastrophic dimensions. th At the end of the 18 century and the first th half of the 19 century Hamzi-pasha and his father managed great part of the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda as local authorities of Albanian origin. They were the main initiators helping the settlement of the Albanians mainly from North Albania where they descended. Until the end of the Turkish rule in 1912, on the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda all the villages inhabited with only Macedonian Christian population were transformed into agricultural estates. This process th was conducted from the end of the 18 centuth ry and during the 19 century. The basic characteristic of this period of the agricultural estates in the villages in the present territory of the Municipality Kisela Voda was that the bey and his principles were inviolable masters of the estate and the lives of the villagers. The relations on the economic activities were conduced in the way that the bey provided the necessary seed material to the farmers of the land and they had to return it after leaving the estate. If there were replacement of the beys the farmers with debt towards the previous bey, their debts were transferred to the new bey. The farmers paid special tax for "every man up to 60 years of age" that amounted to 60 paisters a year. The villagers were liberated from the agricultural estate farming after 1912 and 1925. During this time the villagers

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Slika 14. Skopje vo 1930 godina. Photo 14. Skopje in 1930 year

tori i go pomagale doseluvaweto na Albancite prete`no od Severna Albanija, odnosno od mestoto od kade{to i tie bile dojdeni. Do krajot na turskoto vladeewe vo 1912 godina na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda site sela koi bile naseleni isklu~ivo so makedonsko hristijansko naselenie bile pretvoreni vo ~ifligarski. Po~ifliguruvaweto na makedonskite hristijanski sela se odvivalo od krajot na 18 i vo tekot na 19 vek. Osnovnata karekteristika za ovoj period na ~ifligarstvoto vo selata na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda bila deka begot so negovite }ai bil neprikosnoven gospodar na imotot i `ivotite na selanite. Odnosot na ekonomski plan se odvival na toj na~in {to begot mu daval seme na ~if~ijata koga }e do{ol na imotot, a toj mu go vra}al koga }e si odi. Pri promenata na begovite, ako ~if~ijata bil dol`en na svojot porane{en beg, noviot beg go ispla}al dolgot, po {to, ~if~ijata ottoga{ pa natamu bil dol`nik na novi-

bought or gained small parts of the estates with the agricultural reforms. It should be mentioned that the farmers' houses in which most of the population lived in were small, grounded with excessive damp and without any light. The landlords had built these houses for the population to be closer to the land. There was not any furniture except what was necessary for bare existence. The better houses were with two floors in which the landlords lived and they are known as bey's towers. The situation improved at the end of the th th 19 century and the beginning of the 20 century when the construction of the modern housing objects began. However, there still were great numbers of farmers' houses.

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ot beg. ^if~ijata posebno pla}al danok (ara~) "na sekoja ma{ka glava do 60 godi{na vozrast", a toa se dvi`elo i po 60 gro{a godi{no. Od ~if~istvoto selanite se oslobodile po 1912 i 1925 godina. Vo toa vreme pomal del od nivite selanite gi otkupile ili gi dobile vo vladeewe so agrarnata reforma. ^ifligarskite ku}i vo koi `iveel najgolemiot del od naselenieto bile mali po povr{ina i na prizemje so mnogu vlaga i bez svetlina. Ovie ku}i gi gradele ~ifliksajbiite za da mo`e naselenieto da bide poblisku do zemjata. Od name{taj nemalo skoro ni{to osven najneophodnite potrebi za gol `ivot. Podobrite ku}i bile na dva sprata, a vo niv `iveele ~ifliksajbiite i tie me|u narodot bile poznati kako begovski kuli. Sostojbata se podobrila pri krajot na 19 i po~etokot na 20 vek koga zapo~nala gradba na posovremeni objekti za `iveewe. No, i ponatamu ostanale ~if~iskite ku}i vo najgolem broj.

4. Significant political events at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century

Main feature of the political conditions in th Macedonia at the end of the 19 century and th the beginning of the 20 century was the formation of VMRO in 1893. The idea of the organization for final liberation of Macedonia from Turkish rule and creation of free Macedonian State was received with sympathy and admiration of the Macedonian people. The Ilinden uprising in August 1903 in the Skopje revolutionary district where the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda belonged did not experienced this intensity of armed activities. In this region before the uprising there were several troops of the organization that were send directly by Goce Delchev. The turning point in the history of the populated areas in the Municipality Kisela Voda occurred during the Balkan wars. These wars according to their violence and destruction activities were the bloodiest that occurred on the territory of Macedonia. The First Balkan war was between the neighboring countries Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece from one side and Turkey on the opposite side. The main purpose of this war was elimination of Turkey from these regions and division of Macedonia. The th First Balkan war started on October 18 1912. The territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda was not directly involved with the military activities except few areas along the railway line. After the defeat at Kumanovo and along the line of Black Peak-Kochani the Turkish Vardaric army in total chaos retreated to south towards Veles. The seventh corps of the Turkish Vardaric army was stationed in Skopje (commander in chief was Feti-pasha) and after short period left Skopje. The city of Skopje was taken over by the units of the First Serbian army the Morava division. The territory of the present Municipality was under Serbian authority on th October 30 1912 when Drachevo and Upper Lisiche were taken over.

4. Pozna~ajni politi~ki nastani od krajot na 19 i po~etokot na 20 vek

Glaven beleg na politi~kite priliki vo cela Makedonija vo krajot na 19 i po~etokot na 20 vek mu dalo formiraweto na VMRO vo 1893 godina. Idejata na organizacijata za celosno osloboduvawe na Makedonija i za sozdavawe na slobodna makedonska dr`ava nai{la na golemi simpatii i odu{evuvawe kaj celiot makedonski narod. Vostanieto vo 1903 godina vo Skopskiot revolucioneren okrug, kade {to pripa|ala i teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda, sepak, go nemalo toj intenzitet na oru`eni dejstva. Na ovoj prostor pred izbuvnuvaweto na vostanieto krstarele pove}e ~eti na Organizacijata, od koi nekoi direktno bile isprateni od Goce Del~ev. Presvrten moment vo istorijata na naselenite mesta vo Op{tina Kisela Voda nastanal za vreme na balkanskite vojni. Tie vojni po svojata `estokost i razurnuva~ki dej-

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stva bile edni od najkrvavite {to se vodele na teritorijata na Makedonija. Prvata Balkanska vojna se vodela pome|u sosednite balkanski dr`avi Srbija, Bugarija i Grcija, od edna, i Turcija, od druga strana. Prvata balkanska vojna zapo~nala na 18 oktomvri 1912 godina. Teritorijata na sega{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda direktno ne bila zafatena so borbenite dejstva, so isklu~ok na nekoi mesta dol` `elezni~kata linija. Po porazot kaj Kumanovo i na linijata Crn Vrv - Ko~ani, turskata Vardarska armija se povlekuvala na jug kon Veles. Sedmiot korpus na taa Armija se nao|al vo Skopje (komandat bil Feti-pa{a) i po kratko vreme go napu{til nego. Skopje bilo zazemeno od edinicite na Prvata srpska armija, odnosno od Moravskata divizija. Teritorijata na sega{nata Op{tina pod srpska vlast podpadnala na 30 oktomvri 1912 godina koga bile zazemeni Dra~evo, G. Lisi~e itn.

All taken territories in Macedonia by the Serbian army were placed under the authority of the Serbian military and civilian authorities. Soon afterwards new territorial division was established according to which the Skopje region was divided in several municipalities. According to this division the situation of the populated areas of the present territory of the Municipality Kisela Voda was divided to two municipalities Drachevo and lower Vodanjanska. Soon after the completion of the Second Balkan war in the summer of 1914 the First World was began. The military operations began in the course of October 1915 and lasted until December the same year. The units of the Bregalnica division defended the entire territory of the present Municipality and the large Skopje th region until October 5 1915. Latter on, with the executed military transformations and redistribution this region was defended by the troops of the new area which headquarters were in Skopje.

Slika 15. Stariot skopski teatar Photo 15. The old theater in Skopje

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Slika 16. Crkvata "Sv. \or|i" - Kisela Voda 16. The church "St. Gjorgji" - Kisela Voda

Site zazemeni teritorii vo Makedonija od strana na srpskata vojska vedna{ bile staveni pod uprava na srpskite voeni i civilni vlasti. Nabrgu potoa bila izvr{ena nova teritorijalna podelba spored koja Skopskata okolija bila podelena na pove}e op{tini. Spored ovaa podelba, naselenite mesta na sega{nata teritorija na Op{tina Kisela Voda bila podelena na dve op{tini: Dra~evska i Dolno Vodwanska. Po zavr{uvaweto na Vtorata balkanska vojna, vo letoto na 1914 godina, zapo~nala Prvata svetska vojna. Borbite zapo~nale vo tekot na oktomvri 1915 godina i traele s# do dekemvri istata godina. Celata teritorija na Op{tinata i po{irokoto podra~je na Skopje go branele edinicite na Bregalni~kata diviziska oblast do 5 oktomvri 1915 godina. Podocna, so izvr{enite voeni transformacii i preraspredelbi, ovoj prostor go branele trupite na Novata oblast, ~ij {tab se nao|al vo Skopje. Site prezemni podgotovki za za~uvuvaweto na taa teritorija od strana na srp-

All undertaken preparations for protection of this territory from the Serbian side were unsuccessful. The territory was overtaken and occupied by the Second Bulgarian army on th December 11 1915. The Bulgarian authority in Macedonia and on the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda lasted until September 1918 when the Serbian troops again had occupied the Macedonian territory. The general political and economic situation was extremely difficult. The economic situation was categorized with unseen poverty, hunger, unemployment and general insecurity. Road infrastructure and organized road communications were non-existing and for those reasons the economy could not be developed especially the agriculture and the cattle breeding. The educational conditions were much worse with 70% of the population illiterate. The health conditions were on catastrophically low level. The people generally used folk remedies and in worse situations cures were search from variety of fortune-tellers, old women and witch doctors.

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skata vojska bile bezuspe{ni. Ovaa teritorija bila zazemena od strana na Vtorata bugarska armija na 11 dekemvri 1915 godina. Bugarskata vlast vo Makedonija, a se razbira i na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda, traela do septemvri 1918 godina, koga srpskite trupi povtorno navlegle na teritorijata na Makedonija. Op{tata sostojba na politi~ki i ekonomski plan bila izvonredno te{ka. Ekonomskata sostojba se karakterizirala so nevidena siroma{tija, glad, bezrabotica i op{ta nesigurnost. Patna mre`a i organizirani patni komunikacii nemalo, poradi {to bilo i nevozmo`no da se razvie ekonomijata, posebno zemjodelstvoto i sto~arstvoto. Prosvetnite priliki bile u{te polo{i, taka {to preku 70% od naselenieto bilo nepismeno. Zdravstvenite priliki bile na katastrofalno nisko nivo. Lu|eto voglavno gi koristele narodnite lekarstva, a vo polo{i situacii spas barale kaj raznite gata~aki, babi i nadrilekari.

5. The time period between the two worlds wars (1918-1941)

The time period between two world wars has a lot of peculiarities regarding all aspects of life in settlements over the area of Municipality Kisela Voda. After the completion of Balkan wars and The First World War, Macedonia was placed in very difficult political and economic situation. The Vardar part of Macedonia, was included in the composition of new state the Kingdom of Serbs, the Croatians and the Slovenians formed st on 1 of December 1918. In the administrative aspect, the Vardar possession was divided into three district inspectorates, two self-managed towns and 46 regions with 525 municipalities. One of them was the Drachevo municipality, with center in Drachevo village in which composition were the villages Upper Lisice, Lower Lisice and Dracevo. Numerous municipal and parliamentary elections that started in 1920 and lasted until 1938 introduced particular political activities. The entire political activities were marked by the pretensions of the Serbian populist political parties and the Communist party of Yugoslavia. In the administrative management and territorial aspect great number of the inhabited areas of today's territory of Municipality Kisela Voda continued existing as composition part of the Drachevo municipality. There were total of 617 households and 4.710 inhabitants. The other inhabited areas the village Usje and Kisela Voda belonged to the Lower Vodnjanska municipality. The Lower Vodanjanska municipality had total of 198 households and 1.711 inhabitants. This administrable territorial division lasted until 3rd of October 1929 when with the Law on the name and division of the Kingdom to region managements, the entire Vardar Macedonia and part of Kosmet comprised one administrative territorial region the Vardar Region with center in Skopje. The economic conditions in the village did not even reached the level for satisfaction of

5. Periodot pome|u dvete svetski vojni (1918-1941)

Periodot me|u dvete svetski vojni po mnogu ne{ta e specifi~en vo site oblasti od `iveeweto vo naselenite mesta na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Po zavr{uvaweto na balkanskite i Prvata svetska vojna Makedonija se na{la vo mnogu nezavidna politi~ka i ekonomska situacija. Vardarskiot del na Makedonija bil priklu~en vo sostavot na novata dr`ava Kralstvo na Srbite, Hrvatite i Slovencite, formirana na 1. XII. 1918 godina. Vo administrativen pogled Vardarska banovina bila podelena na tri okru`ni inspektorati, dva samoupravni grada i 46 okolii so 525 op{tini. Edna od tie bila i Dra~evskata op{tini so sedi{te vo s. Dra~evo, vo ~ij sostav bile selata G. Lisi~e, D. Lisi~e i Dra~evo. Odredena politi~ka `ivost vnele pove}eto op{tinski i parlamentarnite izbori koi

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zapo~nale da se odr`uvaat od 1920 godina i traele s# do 1938 godina. Beleg na celokupniot vakov politi~ki `ivot prete`no mu davale srpskite gra|anski politi~ki partii i Komunisti~kata partija na Jugoslavija. Vo administrativno-upraven i teritorijalen pogled pogolem del od naselenite mesta na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda prodol`ile da egzistiraat kako sostaven del na Dra~evskata op{tina. Vkupno vo Op{tinata imalo 617 doma}instva i 4.710 `iteli. Drugite naseleni mesta, selata Usje i Kisela Voda, pripa|ale kon Dolnovodwanskata op{tinata. Vkupno taa op{tina imala 198 domovi i 1.711 `iteli. Taa administrativno-teritorijalna podelba traela do 3 oktomvri 1929 godina, koga so Zakonot za nazivot i podelbata na Kralstvoto na upravni podra~ja cela Vardarska Makedonija, del od Ju`na Srbija i del od Kosmet obrazuvale edno administrativno-

the basic existential needs of the population. Until 1918 almost the entire population in the populated areas in the present Municipality was agricultural. Especially difficult for the population were the taxes that caused their poverty and total dependence of the landlords and their leased property. After 1918 these relations changed. The landlords' land was sold to the villagers of the village. Even though third parties conducted the land transactions there were huge malversation inflicted on the local population that finally managed along the new colonists to own most of the land. The activities of the population were mainly agricultural and cattle breeding. In the time period between the two world wars, main agricultural plants were wheat, rye, maize, barley and other. Beside these the villagers on the fields as secondary agricultural plants planted beans and pumpkins. On the large fields (gardens) high quality garden agriculture plants were planted. They pro-

Slika 17. Crkvata "Sv. Petka" - Kisela Voda 17. The church of " St. Petka" - Kisela Voda

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teritorijalno podduced variety of garden ra~je - Vardarska products such as garlic, banovina so sedipaprika, tomatoes, cab{te vo Skopje. bage and others. This Ekonomskite period represents the priliki vo seloto starting point of mass ni oddaleku ne biproduction of such garle na nivoto so koe den products that were bi se zadovoluvale greatly demanded in all osnovnite egzisSkopje markets betencijalni potrecause of their high bi na naselenieto. quality. The territory of Po 1918 godina tie today's municipality in odnosi se izmethis time period was the nile. Toga{nata biggest producer of thezemja na agite i se garden products in begovite zapo~Skopje region. Along nala da se prodathese agricultural prodva, a kupuva~i biucts there were others le selanite. I posuch as the canopy and kraj toa {to prosunflower and the meada`bata na zemjata dows as very large Slika 18. Crkvata "Sv. Spas" s. Dra~evo se vr{ela preku fields that mowed twice Photo 18. The church of "St. Spas"- Dracevo posrednici, proa year. sledena so golemi malverzacii na {teta na The Serbian newcomers inhabited this mesnoto naselenie, sepak, se uspealo na najterritory after 1923 were the first to plant vinegolemiot del od zemjata sopstvenici da yards and to grow vine grapes with new stanat selanite i novodojdenite kolonisti. American vine grape sort. They planted this Naselenieto se zanimavalo so zemjovine grape sort on modern vineyards that were delstvo i po malku so sto~arstvoto. Vo periextended in the following period. The grapes odot me|u dvete svetski vojni se odgleduvalo from this sort were used for consumption and p~enica, ja~men, p~enka, `r` itn. Pokraj toa, production of high quality red vine. After the selanite na nivite so p~enka kako sporedna Balkan wars and the First World War the popkultura go seele i gravot i tikvata. ulation began development of orchards as subNa pogolemi povr{ini (bav~i) se odurb occupation. gleduvale i visokokvalitetni gradinarski The cattle breeding represented secondkulturi. Se proizveduvale raznovidni graary economic activity that the population used dinarski proizvodi, kako: luk, piperki, doin order to cultivate the land or for food. The mati, zelka. Tokmu od ova vreme zapo~nuva chickens were most common. Part of the popmasovnoto proizvodstvo na ovie gradinarulation during the year fished great quantity of ski proizvodi koi, poradi nivniot kvalitet fish on the river Vardar. The fish was exuberi golemi koli~ni, se pove}e zapo~nuvale da ant in those times so the population used their se baraat na skopskite pazari. Teritorijata bare hands to catch fish. There were plenty of na Op{tinata vo toa vreme bila najgolem "mrena", carp, "klen" and "krkuska". proizvoditel na ovie zemjodelski proizvoThe educational conditions were developdi vo Skopsko. Pokraj ovie kulturi, bile ing in accordance to the economic possibilities zastapeni i konopot i son~ogledot, a golemi of the country meaning they were on very low

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povr{ini zazemale livadite koi se kosele duri dvapati vo godinata. Doselenicite od Srbija naseluvani na ovaa teritotirija po 1923 godina prvi zapo~nale so odgleduvawe i podigawe na lozovi nasadi so novata sorta na amerikanska loza. Ovaa sorta tie zapo~nale da ja odgleduvaat na novi sovremeni lozovi nasadi, koi vo naredniot period s# pove}e se {irele. Prinosite od taa sorta na grozje prete`no se tro{ele za jadewe kako sve`o ovo{je, a golem del se prerabotuvale vo mnogu kvalitetno crveno vino. Po balkanskite i Prvata svetska vojna naselenieto zapo~nalo so razvoj i na ovo{tarstvoto, koe se razvivalo kako prigradsko zanimawe. Sto~arstvoto pretstavuvalo sporedna stopanska granka koja na naselenieto vo seloto najve}e mu slu`ela za obrabotka na zemjata ili za prehrana. Najve}e se odgleduvale koko{kite. Del od naselenieto vo slobodnoto vreme vo tekot na celata godina ~esto pati odel do rekata Vardar i lovel pogolemi koli~ini riba. Ribata vo toa vreme ja imalo vo izobilie, taka {to naselenieto ja fa}alo i so goli race. Najve}e imalo mrena, krap, klen i krku{ka. Prosvetnite priliki se razvivale vo soglasnost so ekonomskite mo`nosti na dr`avata, {to zna~i bile na nisko kvalitetno nivo. Vo ovoj period u~ili{ta imalo vo Dra~evo, G. Lisi~e i Usje. Novata dr`ava Jugoslavija se obidela da mu posveti pogolemo vnimanie na obrazovniot proces, no bezuspe{no, a celata taa aktivnost na krajot se svela samo na bleda propaganda bez nekoi vidlivi rezultati. Poradi specifi~nata teritorija na koja se nao|ale site naseleni mesta na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda zdravstvenite priliki bile osobeno te{ki. Neznaeweto, nevnimanieto kon sopstvenoto zdravje, nemaweto na skoro nikakov medicinski personal i skapite zdravstveni uslugi bile pri~ina {to lu|eto na zdravjeto gledale "kako od boga dadeno", odnosno im ostanuvala samo nade`ta da ne se razbolat za da mo`at

level. The Serbo-Croatian language was introduced in the schools and the Macedonian language was prohibited. During this period there were schools in Drahcevo, Upper Lisiche and Usje. The new state Yugoslavia attempted to dedicate more attention to the educational process but without success thus this entire activity was only propaganda without any visible results. The territorial specificity of all inhabited areas on today's territory of the Municipality Kisela Voda contributed for poor and difficult health conditions. The ignorance, the negligence for the health, non existence of any medical personal and expensive medical services were the reasons for the people to regard their health as "god given" hoping that they would never get ill in order to live their lives as normally as possible. The hygiene was at very low level. The drinking water was frequently inadequate with daily contagious and abdominal illnesses as consequences. The people got ill and died from most banal diseases. The malaria and typhus were most common among the population. The conditions slightly improved with the establishment of few hospitals in Skopje and with arrival of medical personal after 1935 but without any particular usefulness. The inadequate conditions of the houses and other housing objects contributed greatly for the poor health conditions of the population. During the Ottoman rule the houses were constructed with low quality material such as mud and straws. In fact they were not houses in real meaning of the word but housing objects covered with straw and impacted with mud, rarely covered with tiles or other hard roof material. Latter on, after Turkish departure the houses were constructed of soil and clay. Bricks were made from clay and used in house construction. The roofs were different some made of tiles and others made of barley straw. Generally the houses were with one huge room with fireplace in the middle and instead of windows there were special small openings on the walls. Later on, houses with two floors were constructed.

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`ivotniot vek i pat normalno da go izodat. Higienata bila na mnogu nisko nivo. ^esto pati vodata za piewe bila neispravna, a posledicite bile skoro sekojdnevni zarazni i stoma~ni zaboluvawa. Lu|eto zaboluvale i umirale od najbanalni bolesti. Najgolemi zla na naselenieto mu pri~inuvale malarijata i tifusot. Sostojbata donekade se podobrila so otvoraweto na nekolku bolni~ki ustanovi vo Skopje i so doa|aweto, iako mnogu retko, na medicinski personal po 1935 godina, od kogo nekoja pogolema polza nemalo. Za slabite zdravstveni priliki pridonesuvale i nesoodvetnite uslovi vo ku}ite i drugite objekti za `iveewe. Za vreme tursko ku}ite i drugite objekti vo seloto bile gradeni so mnogu slab materijal, prete`no od kal i slama. Vsu{nost i ne stanuvalo zbor za klasi~ni ku}i, tuku prete`no za objekti pokrieni so slama i oblepeni so kal, mnogu retko pokrieni so keramidi ili drug tvrd materijal. Podocna, po zaminuvaweto na Turcite, ku}ite zapo~nale da se pravat od zemja i glina. Od glinata se pravele tuli koi se upotrebuvale vo izgradbata na ku}ite. Pokrivite im bile razli~ni: imalo pokrivi so keramidi, no i pokrivi od `r`ana slama. Voglavno ku}ite bile ednoodelenski so ogni{te vo sredinata, a namesto prozorci bile napraveni specijalni mali otvori na yidovite. Podocna zapo~nale da se pravat ku}i so dve sobi i na sprat. Glavni majstori za gradba na ku}ite bile Makedonci i toa prete`no od vele{koto selo Gorno Vranovci. Tie poradi golemata stru~nost bile nadaleku ceneti. So tekot na vremeto se pojavile i priu~eni majstori od mesnoto naselenie. Interesni se podatocite za poku}ninata koristena vo domovite. Kako zaklu~na konstatacija se nametnuva faktot deka site predmeti glavno bile izraboteni od drvo i glina. Pokraj toa, predmeti koi bile vo funkcija na sekojdnevnoto `iveewe na mesnoto naselenie bile i drvenite stolovi, sofri, kaci, potoa vodarnik so sadovi za voda, crepni, lopati i drugo. Site tie doma{ni

Macedonians were the principal craftsmen for housing construction and particularly those that originated from the Veles village of Upper Vranovci. Because of their high expertise they were very popular. With time, new-trained craftsmen appeared from the local population. The information regarding the housing furnishings is very interesting. As concluding statement there is the fact that all the housing objects were made of wood and clay. Besides this fact, objects in everyday function of the

Slika 19. Familijata Dimi{kovski pred starata ku}a vo Kisela Voda (1930 god). Photo 19. The family Dimiskovski in front of the old house in Kisela Voda (1930)

Slika 20. Filip Dimi{kovski so semejstvoto na niva vo Rasadnik (1931 god). Photo 20. Filip Dimiskovski with his family on the field in Rasdnik (1931)

local population were the wooden chairs, low tables, cask, water containers, and large shallow earthen vessel for baking large loaves of bread, shovels and others. The population had independently made all these household objects in their own homes and interestingly enough only the women made the large shallow earth-

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predmeti naselenieto samostojno gi izrabotuvalo vo sopstvenite domovi, dodeka mo{ne va`nite crepni gi izrabotuvale samo `eni. Okolu ku}ata vo dvori{teto imalo nekolku razli~ni zgradi so posebni funkcii od `ivotno zna~ewe za sekoja familija poodelno. Tie bile koristeni za ~uvawe na slama, seno, `ito, p~enka i kompiri. Pogolemi promeni vo izgradbata na sovremeni ku}i i drugi stanbeni objekti zapo~naa vo po~etokot na sedumdesettite godini na 20 vek. Vo ova vreme mnogu malku vnimanie mu e posveteno na kulturnoto i sportskoto `iveewe. Vo site naseleni mesta vo Op{tinata nemalo nitu edno kulturno-prosvetno dru{tvo nitu organiziran sporstki klub.

en vessel for baking large loaves of bread. Around the houses there were several different constructions for different usage purposes for each separate family. These were utilized for harboring straw, hay, grain, corn and potatoes. Significant changes in the housing construction and other housing objects began in the beginth ning of the seventies of the 20 century. In this time period little attention was dedicated to the cultural and sport activities. In all populated areas in the Municipality there was not even one cultural and education society not even organized sport club.

6. The period of the Second World War (1941-1944)

On the 6th of April 1941, the German military units attacked the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. On that day in the early morning the German aviation bombed the larger Yugoslavian airports, as well as the airports near Skopje and Kumanovo. Later on, the larger cities such as Skopje were also bombed. After the occupation of Kumanovo, the road to Skopje was opened. The German military units occupied Skopje on th 7 of April 1941. With the permition of the Hitler's high th command on 18 April 1941 the units of the th th Fifth Bulgarian Army, with 6 and 7 foot-division entered in Macedonia. The administrative authority in Skopje and its surrounding formally started with regular work on 26 April. The district directorate was the highest executive territory body in the Skopje region, under which authority were 18 administrative areas. All of the inhabited areas of the Municipality of Dracevo, including the villages of Upper and Lower Lisice were under the Skopje's district. Under the governing of Skopje district, there were 17 municipalities of which one was in the city of Skopje and 16 were rural municipalities' centers. The municipality of Dracevowas declared as a rural municipality by the Bulgarians with the center in the village of Dracevo.

6. Periodot na Vtorata svetska vojna (1941-1944)

Na 6 april 1941 godina germanskite voeni edinici go napadnale Kralstvoto Jugoslavija. Rano izutrinata na toj den germanskata avijacija izvr{ila silni bombardirawa na pogolemite jugoslovenski aerodromi, me|u koi i na aerodromite kaj Skopje i Kumanovo. Ne{to podocna bile bombardirani i pogolemite gradovi, me|u koi i Skopje. Po zazemaweto na Kumanovo, patot kon Skopje bil otvoren. Germanskite voeni edinici popladneto na 7 april 1941 godina go zazele Skopje. So odobruvawe na Hitlerovata vrhovna komanda od 18 april 1941 godina edinicite na Pettata bugarska armija so 6 i 7 Pe{adiska divizija navlegle vo Makedonija. Bugarskata administrativna vlast vo Skopje i negovata okolina formalno zapo~nala so redovna rabota na 26 april. Oblasnata direkcija bila najvisok izvr{en teritorijalen organ na Skopskata oblast, vo ~ija nadle`nost se nao|ale 18 administrativni okolii. Site naseleni mesta od Op{tina Dra~evo, vo ~ij sostav se nao|ale selata G. i D. Lisi~e, vleguvale vo sostavot na Skopskata okolija. Vo sostavot na skopskoto Okolisko upravlenie vleguvale 17

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The municipality of Dracevo included the folloving settlements: Settlement population Dracevo 2.600 Batinci 500 Vrtenica 820 Lover Lisice 450 Upper Lisice 1.000 Morane 1.000 Ramni Gaber 300 Studenicani 2.100 ___________________________ Total: 8.770 The village of Kisela Voda was under the municipality of city of Skopje as a separate settlement, with 62 inhabitants, while the village of Usje, which had 394 inhabitants, was in the frame of the Municipality of Rakotinci. The village serfs under whom authorities were several services and serfs substitutions governed the rural municipalities. At the same time the serfs and their substitutions in absents of the police services in the Municipality or in the village that was under their control, also executed the police work. The Bulgarian occupatory dominion in Macedonia gave great attention on the economic exploitation of the country and of the population. The liberation movement in this region had a bigger expansion in 1944. More important combats were noticed in the second half of the 1994 during the ending operations for the final liberation of Macedonia. To all of this also contributed the new established Local people's liberation board (committee) in Dracevo that practically coordinated the movement in this part and was an important logistical support of the military units of the Macedonian army. The combats for taking over the villages th of U. and L. Lisice and Dracevo started on 13 of November in the early morning. The same day the villages of U. and L. Lisice, Dracevo, Usje and Kisela Voda were finally liberated. After this, around 3.30 hour started the general attack for liberation of Skopje, which was totally liberated in the th evening hours on 13 of November.

Slika 21. Spomen ku}a vo Kisela Voda od NOV (1941 god). Photo 21.Memorial house in Kisela Voda from SWW (1941 year)

Slika 22. Spomen bista na Nevena Georgieva - Duwa Photo 22. A memorial statue of Nevena Gergieva- Dunja

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op{tini od koi edna gradska so sedi{te vo Skopje i 16 selski op{tinski centri. Op{tinata Dra~evo Bugarite ja proglasile za selska op{tina so centar vo s. Dra~evo. Vo sostavot na ovaa Op{tina vleguvale slednive naseleni mesta: naseleno mesto Dra~evo Batinci Vrtenica Dolno Lisi~e Gorno Lisi~e Morane Ramni Gaber Studeni~ani `iteli 2.600 500 820 450 1.000 1.000 300 2.100 ------------------------ vkupno 8.770

Dim~e An~evski

Metodi Dodevski

Seloto Kisela Voda vleguvalo vo sostavot na Skopskata gradska op{tina kako posebno naseleno mesto so 62 `iteli, dodeka s. Usje, koe broelo 394 `iteli, vleguvalo vo sostavot na Op{tinata Rakotinci. So selskite op{tini rakovodele selskite kmetovi vo ~ija nadle`nost se nao|ale odreden broj slu`bi i kmetski namesni{tva. Istovremeno kmetovite i kmetskite namesni{tva, vo otsustvo na policiski organi vo Op{tinata ili seloto koe im bilo dovereno, ja vr{ele i policiskata slu`ba. Razvojot na osloboditelnoto dvi`ewe vo ovoj kraj po{iroki razmeri zel vo 1944 godina. Pozna~ajni oru`eni sudiri bile zabele`ani vo vtorata polovina na 1944 godina za vreme na zavr{nite operacii za kone~noto osloboduvawe na Makedonija. Sekako za toa dosta pridonel i novoformiraniot Mesten narodnoosloboditelen odbor (komitet) vo Dra~evo koj prakti~no go koordiniral dvi`eweto vo ovoj del i bil zna~ajna logisti~ka podr{ka za voenite edinici na makedonskata vojska. Borbite za zazemaweto na selata G. i D. Lisi~e i Dra~evo zapo~nale na 13 noemvri vo ranite utrinski ~asovi. Istiot den bile oslobodeni selata G.i D. Lisi~e, Dra~evo,

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Najdo Zdravkovski

Slobodan Stojanovski

Bogoja Stojanov

Trajan Micevski

Slika 23. Del od zaginatite borci od Kisela Voda (1941-1945 god.). Photo 23. Some of the dead solders in the SWW from Kisela Voda (1941-1945 year)

During the Second World War (19411945) in the combats for liberation of our country, from the settlements of present territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda the following 14 persons died: From the village of U. Lisice Ristovski Durak Sait Nezirovski Avdil Amet

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Usje i Kisela Voda. Vedna{ potoa, okolu 3.30 ~asot, zapo~nal op{tiot napad za osloboduvawe na Skopje, koe celosno bilo oslobodeno vo ve~ernite ~asovi na 13 noemvri. Vo tekot na Vtorata svetska vojna od (1941-1945 godina) vo borbite za osloboduvawe na na{ata zemja od naselenite mesta na dene{nata teritorija na Op{tina Kisela Voda zaginale slednite 14 lica: Od s. G. Lisi~e Ristovski Durak Sait Nezirovski Avdil Amet Od s. Dra~evo An~evski Tome, Velkov P. Petre, Mitevski Velkov Petre, Micevski V. Petre, Nedelkovski B. Krsto, Spasov Trajkov Ilija, Trajkov P. Petre Traj~ev Jovanov Sande Cvetkovski \. Ilija Cvetkovski B. Krsto Od s. Usje Nedelkovski Todorov Pan~e Todorovski Ivanov Atanas

Slika 24. Spomen plo~a od NOV vo s Dra~evo Photo 24. A memorial board from SWW in the v. of Dracevo

From the village of Dracevo Ancevski Tome Velkov P. Petre Mitevski Velkov Petre Micevski V. Petre Nedelkovski B. Krsto Spasov Trajkov Ilija Trajkov P. Petre Trajcev Jovanov Sande Cvetkovski G. Ilija Cvetkovski B. Krsto From the village of Usje Nedelkovski Todorov Pance Todorovski Ivanov Atanas

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Slika 25. Panorama na del od Op{tina Kisela Voda Photo 25. Panorama view of one part of Kisela Voda

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III. OSNOVAWE I RAZVOJ NA OP[TINA KISELA VODA

1. Teritorijalnata i administrativnata polo`ba po osloboduvaweto

Vo administrativen pogled, spored Re{enieto za administrativno-teritorijalna podelba od septemvri 1944 godina, Makedonija bila podelena na ~etiri oblasti. Me|utoa, vedna{ naredniot mesec, na 21 oktomvri 1944 godina, Prezidiumot na ASNOM donel odluka za podelba na Makedonija na tri oblasti Skopska, Bitolska i [tipska - i za izdigawe vo rang na okoliski NOO na gradovite Skopje, Kumanovo, Veles i Tetovo od Skopskata oblast; Bitola, Prilep i Ohrid od Bitolskata oblast i [tip i Strumica od [tipskata oblast. Vo otsustvo na zakonodavno-pravnoto regulirawe na rabotata na lokalnite organi na narodnata vlast na federalno nivo, prv pristap kon ova pra{awe pretstavuva Povelbata za privremena administrativna podelba na Makedonija od 6 fevruari 1945 godina. So nea bila ukinata podelbata na Makedonija na oblasti, utvrdena so Re{enieto za administrativno-teritorijalna podelba od septemvri 1944 godina, a vovedena bila podelba na 7 okruzi, odnosno okruzite na okolii. Spored ovaa podelba, site naseleni mesta na Op{tina Kisela Voda vlegle vo sostavot na Skopskiot okrug, odnosno Skopskata okolija so sedi{te vo gradot Skopje. Podocna Privremenata administrativno-teritorijalna podelba bila korigirana so prviot Zakon za teritorijalna podelba na Federalna Makedonija na okruzi (30. VIII 1945), so koj namesto dotoga{nite sedum se utvrdile 4 okruzi i gradot Skopje kako

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III. ESTABLISHMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF KISELA VODA

1. The territory and administrative position after the liberation

According to the Resolution for administrative-territory division from September 1944, Macedonia was divided into four regions. The st following month, on 21 October 1944, the Presidency of ASNOM brought a declaration by which Macedonia was divided on three regionsSkopje, Bitola and Stip, as well as raising, in to the district NOO, the cities of Skopje, Kumanovo, Veles and Tetovo from the region of Skopje; Bitola, Prilep and Ohrid from the Bitola region and Strumica from the Stip region. In absence of legislative-jurisdiction regulation of the work of the local bodies of the national authority on federal level, the first approach that concerns this question was made with the Declaration for temporary administrath tive division of Macedonia, from 6 February 1945. With this declaration was abolished the division of Macedonia on regions, arranged by the Resolution for administrative- territory division from September 1944, and it was divided into 7 districts. According to this division all of the settlements of present Municipality of Kisela Voda were under the Skopje districts, with central office in the city of Skopje. Later, the Temporary administrative-territory division was corrected and divided on districts, by the first Law for territory division of Federal Macedonia (30. VIII 1945), by which from present seven were confirmed 4 districts and the city of Skopje as a separate administrative-territory unit. The Government of the NRM by declaration arranged the number of the

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posebna administrativno-teritorijalna celina. Vladata na NRM so posebna uredba go opredelila brojot na teritorijalnite podra~ja i sedi{teto na okoliskite i mesnite narodni odbori. Otsustvoto na poprecizna zakonska regulativa za rabota na lokalnite organi na vlasta dovelo do pojava na negativnosti vo rabotata. Zatoa i samata vlast odela kon toa da se afirmiraat selskite nasproti op{tinskite NOO. Od osloboduvaweto do mart 1945 na podra~jeto na Skopska okolija bile izvr{eni nekolku korekcii na administrativnata podelba, pa taka za vreme na izborite vo mart 1945 godina vo Skopska okolija imalo 15 op{tinski NO odbori. Pogolem del od selata vleguvale vo sostavot na Dra~evskiot op{tinski NO odbor. Vo s. G. Lisi~e vo noemvri 1944 godina bil formiran Op{tinski NO odbor, koj bil nadle`en i za nekolku sosedni sela. No, po novata teritorijalna i administrativna podelba Op{tinskiot NO odbor

territorial regions and of the districts and local national boards. The lack of more precise law regulation of the work on the local authorities of the government, results with negativities in the working process. Because of that reason the government itself, was striving to the affirmation of the villages against municipal NOO. From the liberation till march 1945 several corrections were made on the territory of the district of Skopje over the administrative division, so at the elections in March 1945 year the district of Skopje had 15 municipal NO boards. The bigger part of the villages were included in the municipal NO board of Dracevo. In November 1944 in the village of U. Lisice a municipal NO board was established, which had the liability over the several neighboring villages. But, after the new administrative-territory division the municipal NO board of U. Lisice was abolished and a new village board responsible only for that village was established.

Slika 26. Naselbata Crni~e nekoga{ Photo 26. The settlement of Crnice - in the past

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vo s. G. Lisi~e bil ukinat, a bil formiran selski odbor nadle`en samo za toa selo. ^ekor napred vo izgraduvaweto na regulativi za funkcionirawe na organite na lokalnata vlast pretstavuvalo donesuvaweto na Op{tiot zakon za narodnite odbori, koj stapil na sila na 27. VI. 1946 godina. So ovoj zakon se razrabotila pravnata su{tina na narodnite odbori kako organi na lokalnata vlast. Tie bile definirani kako organi na dr`avnata vlast vo selata, gradovite, okoliite, okruzite i oblastite. Na osnova na ~l. 4 od Zakonot za teritorijalna podelba na federalna Makedonija po okruzi, Ministerskiot sovet na federalna Makedonija na svoeto zasedanie od 21 noemvri 1945 godina ja donelo Uredbata za opredeluvawe na brojot, teritorijalnite podra~ja i sedi{tata na okoliite i mesnite narodni odbori. Spored ovaa Uredba, vo sostavot na Skopskiot okrug vleguvala i Dra~evska okolija, kade {to teritorijalno pripa|ale i selata G. i D. Lisi~e.

One step further in establishing of the regulative on functioning of the local government was the ratification of the General Law on national boards, confirmed on 27.06.1946. With this law it was worked out the legal entity of the national boards as a body of the local government. They were determined as bodies of the state government in the villages, cities, districts and regions. According to the article 4 from the Law for territory division of Federal Macedonia on districts, the Ministry Council of Federal Macedonia on its session held on 21 of November 1945 ratified the Regulation for determination of the number, territory regions and central offices of the district and local national boards. According to this Regulation, in the District of Skopje the district of Dracevo together with the villages of U. and L. Lisice were included. This settlements as a separate territorial units remained in Dracevo after the proclamation of Dracevo as a municipal center. These

st

Slika 27. Naselbata Crni~e denes Photo 27. The settlement of Crnice - today

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Ovie naseleni mesta kako posebni teritorijalni celini prodol`ile da bidat vo sostavot na Dra~evo i po proglasuvaweto na Dra~evo kako op{tinsko sredi{te. Vo sostavot na Op{tina Dra~evo ovie naseleni mesta bile sé do 1955 godina, koga so Zakonot za podra~jata na okoliite i op{tinite vo Narodna Republika Makedonija, usvoen od Republi~kiot sobor na Narodnoto sobranie na NRM od 28 juni 1955 godina, toa bilo prisoedineto kon novata Op{tina Kisela Voda. So noviot Zakon za podra~jata na op{tinite vo Socijalisti~ka Republika Makedonija, {to Sobranieto na SRM go doneslo na zaedni~ka sednica na Republi~kiot sobor i Organizaciono-politi~kiot sobor, odr`ana na 22 i 23 januari 1965 godina, bila ukinata Op{tina Dra~evo. Site naseleni mesta bile vklu~eni vo novoformiranata Op{tina Kisela Voda. Sedi{teto na novoto Op{tinsko sobranie bilo vo Skopje. Spored ovoj zakon, podra~jeto na op{tinite Idadija, Kale i Kisela Voda go so~inuvale podra~jeto na grad Skopje.

settlements were included in the Municipality of Dracevo till 1955, when, with the Law for regions and municipalities in National Republic of Macedonia, ratified by the Republic Board of th the National Assembly of NRM from 28 of June 1955, were included in the new Municipality of Kisela Voda. By the new Law for territory of the municipalities in Social Republic of Macedonia, that was ratified by the Assembly of SRM together with the Republic Board and Organizational-political board, on the sessions held on 22 and 23 of January 1965, the Municipality of Dracevo was abolished. All of the settlements were included in the new established Municipality of Kisela Voda. The central office of the new municipal Assembly was in Skopje. According to this Law, the municipalities of Idadija, Kale and Kisela Voda composed the City of Skopje.

2. The administrative - territory changes from 1955 till 2004

From 1955 till 1962 existed the municipalities and District national boards. From 1962 till 1965 existed 7 municipalities existed in the area of the city of Skopje, among which was the Municipality of Dracevo. From 1965 to 1968 the number of the municipalities was reduced to three (Kisela Voda, Idadija and Kale) with the City Assembly as a body that executes the work in interest of the entire city. In 1968 these municipalities were determined and the entire city region was proclaimed as a Municipality of the city of Skopje with the City Assembly as a single body. With ratification of the Constitutional changes in 1974 year again were established 7 Municipality Assemblies and one City Assembly. The first important change was the two-partial of the assemblies with the Assembly of the manufacturers and Social-political assembly. The local communities started to work in the settlements. With the independence of the Republic of Macedonia and the ratification of the new Constitution the first multiparty elections were made, by which the old social one-party sys-

2. Administrativnoteritorijalni promeni od 1955 do 2004 godina

Od 1955 do 1962 godina postoeja op{tini i Okoliski naroden odbor. Od 1962 do 1965 godina postoeja 7 op{tini vo po{irokoto gradsko podra~je na Skopje, me|u koi i Op{tina Dra~evo. Od 1965 do 1968 godina, brojot na op{tinite e sveden na tri (Kisela Voda, Idadija i Kale) so Sobranie na gradot kako organ {to vr{e{e raboti od zaedni~ki interes na gradot kako celina. Vo 1968 godina se ukinaa ovie op{tini i celoto podra~je na gradot se proglasi za edinstvena op{tina na grad Skopje so Gradsko sobranie kako edinstven organ. So donesuvaweto na ustavnite izmeni vo 1974 godina povtorno se formiraa 7 op{tinski sobranija i edno Gradsko sobranie. Prvata su{testvena promena be{e dvodomnosta na sobranijata so Sobor na proizvoditeli i Op{testveno-politi~ki sobor. Vo naselbite

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tem was left and the multiparty parliamentary democracy was introduced. According to this proclamation of the citizens, after the elections in 11.06.1991, the first multiparty Assembly of the Municipality of Kisela Voda was constitute as a highest body of the local government. In September 1996 the Law for new territory division of the Republic of Macedonia was ratified, by which from 34 were established 123 municipalities and the City of Skopje with the City assemSlika 28. Po~etok na gradbata na naselbata Dra~evo bly. From the Municipality of Photo 28. The beginning of the construction of the settlement Kisela Voda were separated 4 of Dracevo new municipalities: Zelenikovo, po~naa da funkcioniraat mesnite zaednici. Studenicani, Sopiste and Municipality of Kisela So osamostojuvaweto na Republika MaVoda which includes the city part of the Munikedonija i donesuvaweto na noviot Ustav se cipality with the villages of Dracevo, settlement sprovedoa prvite pove}epartiski izbori, so of Dracevo, Upper and Lower Lisice and Usje. {to se napu{ti socijalisti~kiot ednoparThe municipality of Kisela Voda embraced the tiski sistem i se vovede pove}e-partiska area of the KO Upper Lisice, KO Lower Lisice, parlamentarna demokratija. Soglasno so vakon the northeast KO Usje, KO Dracevo and the vata opredelba na gra|anite, po sprovedenisettlement of Dracevo, on the southeast, the te izbori na 11.06.1991 godina, be{e konstiborder was on south from the Municipality of

Slika 29. Naselbata Dra~evo po izgradbata Photo 29. The settlement of Dracevo after the construction

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tuirano prvoto pove}epartisko Sobranie na Op{tina Kisela Boda kako najvisok organ na lokalnata samouprava. Vo septemvri 1996 godina be{e donesen Zakonot za nova teritorijalna podelba na Republika Makedonija so koj od dotoga{nite 34 se formiraa 123 op{tini i gradot Skopje so Gradsko sobranie. Od Op{tina Kisela Voda proizlegoa ~etiri novi op{tini i toa Zelenikovo, Studeni~ani, Sopi{te i Op{tina Kisela Voda, vo koja ostanaa gradskiot del od Op{tinata so selata Dra~evo, n. Dra~evo, Gorno i Dolno Lisi~e i Usje. Op{tinata Kisela Voda go opfa}a{e podra~jeto na KO Gorno Lisi~e, KO Dolno Lisi~e, na severoistok KO Usje, KO Dra~evo i naselba Dra~evo, na jugoistok granicata prodol`uva{e ju`no od Op{tina Sopi{te. So Op{tina Karpo{ granicata prodol`uva po padinite na Vodno do trome|ieto pome|u op{tinite Kisela Voda, Karpo{ i Centar. Zapadno od ova trome|ie granicata se protega po oskite na ulicite "437" i "Biha}ka", od postojniot podvoznik ode{e po oskata na Bul. "Makedonija" go se~e{e Bul."Treta Makedonska brigada" i po oskata na novoproektiranata ulica "Boris Kidri~" doa|a{e do @elezniot most na rekata Vardar. Vo avgust 2004 godina Sobranieto na Republika Makedonija go usvoi Zakonot za teritorijalna organizacija na lokalnata samouprava vo Republika Makedonija, spored koj funkcioniraat 84 op{tini so novi prava i nadle`nosti. Op{tinata Kisela Voda spored ovoj Zakon se deli na dve op{tini i toa: Op{tina Kisela Voda so selo i naselba Dra~evo i Usje i Op{tina Aerodrom so Gorno i Dolno Lisi~e. Granica me|u niv e `elezni~kata pruga Skopje-Veles. Ova e vtora administrativnoteritorijalna podelba na Op{tina Kisela Voda, po nejzinata podelba vo 1996 godina, koga od sostavot na Op{tinata se izdvoija tri novi op{tini i toa: Op{tina Zelenikovo, Op{tina Studeni~ani i Op{tina Sopi{te. Novata administrativno-teritorijalna granica na Op{tina Kisela Voda zapo~nuva od nadvoznikot na `elezni~kata pruga

Sopoiste. The border with the municipality of Karpos was on the sloping ground of Vodno to the junction of the three borders between municipalities of Kisela Voda, Krapos and Centar. On the west side of the junction of the three borders, the border is stretching on the streets "437" and "Bihacka", from the cartage it was stretching to the Bul. "Macedonia" and cuts the bul. "Treta Makedonska brigada" and trough the line of the new constructed street "Boris Kidric" came to the Iron bridge of the river Vardar. In august 2004 the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia ratified the Law for territory organization of the local government in the Republic of Macedonia, by which 84 municipalities functioned with new rights and authorities. The Municipality of Kisela Voda according to this law was divided on two municipalities: The Municipality od Kisela Voda with village and settlement of Dracevo and Usje, and Municipality of Aerodrom with Upper and Lower Lisice. The border between them is the railway SkopjeVeles. This is a second administrative territory division of the Municipality of Kisela Voda after the division in 1966, when from this municipality three new municipalities were separated: the Municipality of Zelenikovo, the Municipality of Studenicani and the Municipality of Sopiste. The new territory administrative division of the Municipality of Kisela Voda starts from the cartage of the railway and street "Treta Makedonska brigada" (junction of the three borders of the municipalities of Kisela Voda, Aerodrom and Centar) and moves to the track of the old railway to the cartage of the boulevard "Koco Racin" than trough the street "Bihacka", "Crnice" ("437") and the street "346" comes out above the Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology Engineering" IZIIS" on the junction of the three borders of the municipalities of Centar, Karpos and Kisela Voda. Trough the borders of the wood-park "Vodno" to the locality of "Teferic" goes to the cadastre border line of KO Sopiste, and than continues to the internal borders of KO Usje and KO Dracevo to the railway station of Dracevo when turns to the northwest of the railway Skopje - Veles as

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i ulicata Treta makedonska brigada (trome|a na op{tinite Kisela Voda, Aerodrom i Centar) se dvi`i po trasata na starata `elezni~ka pruga do nadvoznikot na bulevarot "Ko~o Racin", se dvi`i po ulicata "Biha~ka", ulicata "Crni~e" ("437") i ulicata "346" i izleguva nad Institutot za zemjotresno in`inerstvo i in`enerska seizmoplogija - "IZIIS", odnosno na trome|ata na na op{tinite Centar, Karpo{ i Kisela Voda, prodol`uva po granicite na park-{umata "Vodno" do lokalitetot Teferi~, prodol`uva po katastarskata granica na KO Sopi{te, prodol`uva po nadvore{nite granici na KO Usje i KO Dra~evo do `elezni~kata stanica Dra~evo, svrtuva na severozapad po `elezni~kata pruga Skopje - Veles, kako granica so op{tinata Aerodrom do nadvoznikot na ulicata Treta Makedonska udarna brigada (trome|a na op{tinite Kisela Voda, Aerodrom i Centar.

a border line with the Municipality of Aerodrom to the cartage of the street "Treta makedonska udarna brigada" (on the junction of the three borders of the municipalities of Kisela Voda, Aerodrom and Centar).

3. Political situations in the Municipality of Kisela Voda from 1955-2004

3.1. The period from 1955-1990 With the introduction of the system of local government in Yugoslavia in 1950 year, when the managing of the state economy enterprises and higher economy associations were given to the workers, important changes were made in the organization and function of the political system in Skopje. In providing of the communal system, which started in 1952 and finished in 1955, in Skopje, the regions became municipalities, as a social-politically communities, among which was the Municipality of Kisela Voda. In accordance with the Law for arrangement of the districts and municipalities in the NR of Macedonia, from 28th June 1955, an initiative board for establishment of the Municipality of Kisela Voda was formed. Right after that the District board of Skopje on its session, held on 29th June 1955, ratified the Declaration for establishment of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. On this session the number of 45 members of the National board of the municipality was confirmed, which was in accordance with the article 8 from the Law for arranging of the municipalities and districts. In the National Board of the municipality of Kisela Voda there were: 15 members from the City Assembly of Skopje, 13 members of the Assembly of the manufacturers of the National board of the city of Skopje, 5 members from the village of Upper Lisice and 2 members from the village of Usje, villages that were included in the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda, and 10 members elected by the voters, of which 5 were elected at that

3. Politi~kite priliki vo Op{tina Kisela Voda od 1955 do 2004

3.1. Periodot od 1955 do 1990 So voveduvaweto na sistemot na samoupravuvawe vo Jugoslavija vo 1950 godina, koga upravuvaweto na dr`avnite stopanski pretprijatija i povisokite stopanski zdru`enija im bea predadeni na rabotnicite, se vneseni su{testveni izmeni vo organizacijata i funkcioniraweto na politi~kiot sistem vo Skopje. Vo ramkite i vo ostvaruvaweto na komunalniot sistem, {to zapo~na vo 1952 godina i se voobli~i vo 1955 godina, vo Skopje, dotoga{nite reoni stanaa op{tini kako op{testveno politi~ki zaednici, me|u koi i Op{tina Kisela Voda. Vo duhot i vo ramkite na Zakonot za sproveduvawe na ureduvaweto na okoliite i op{tinite vo NR Makedonija od 28 juni 1955 godina bil formiran inicijativen odbor za formirawe na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Vedna{ potoa Okoliskiot odbor na Skopje,

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na svojata sednica odr`ana na 29 juni 1955 godina, donel Odluka za osnovawe na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Voedno na ovaa sednica bil utvrden i brojot na ~lenovite na Narodniot odbor na op{tinata da iznesuva 45 ~lenovi, soglasno so ~len 8 od Zakonot za sproveduvawe na ureduvaweto na op{tinite i okoliite. Narodniot odbor na op{tinata Kisela Voda go so~inuvale: 15 ~lenovi na Gradskiot sobor na Skopje, 13 ~lenovi od Soborot na proizvoditelite na Narodniot odbor na grad Skopje, 5 ~lenovi od selo Gorno Lisi~e i 2 ~lena od s. Usje, koi sela se pripoeni kon teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda, i 10 ~lenovi {to gi izbiraat sobori na izbira~ite, od koi dotoga{ bile izbrani 5, a ostanatite 5 dopolnitelno bile izbrani. Podgotovkite za kone~no formirawe na Op{tinata vo periodot od 29 juni 1955 godina, koga bila donesena Odlukata, pa s# do samiot ~in na formiraweto na Op{tina Kisela Voda na 8 avgust 1955 godina, vo celost gi osmislil i izvel Inicijativniot odbor za osnovawe na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Prvata osnova~ka sednica za formirawe na Naroden odbor na Op{tina Kisela Voda bila odr`ana na 8 avgust 1955 godina vo 18 ~asot. Sednicata imala sve~en karakter, a za dneven red bile predlo`eni {est to~ki: izbor na pretsedatel na op{tinata i sekretar, kako i izbor na pet (5) komisii i nivni pretsedateli. Za pretsedatel na Narodniot odbor na Op{tina Kisela Voda od strana na Verifikacionata komisija e predlo`en i voedno na sednicata izbran Tase Ivanovski, a za sekretar Aleksandar Jovanovski. Od Gradskiot sobor izbrani bile 15 ~lenovi, i toa: Ta{kovski Dragan, Kondov Pan~e, Haximanov Vasil, Ordanovski Todor, Anastasov Kiro, Mijalkovi} Nada, Temelkovski Boris, Cvetkovski Boris, Bo{kovski Jovan, Caca \or|i, Dimitrovski Rade, Popovski Kostadin, Micev Dimitar, Stojanovski Blagoja i Kasimovski Jovan. Od Soborot na proizvoditeli izbrani bile 13 ~lenovi i toa: Ga{i Riza, Markovski Andon, Strezova Mara, Todorovski Mitre,

time, and 5 were elected later. The preparations for the final establishment of the Municipality in the period from 29th June 1955, when the Declaration was ratified, until the final act of the establishment of the Municipality of Kisela Voda, on 8th August 1955, were realized by the Initiative Board for establishment of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. The first session for establishment of the National Board of the Municipality of KIsela Voda was held on 8th August 1955 in 18 hours. On the ceremonious session six issues were suggested: election of the President and Secretary of the municipality, as well as the election of the five (5) commissions and their presidents. As a President of the National board of the Municipality of Kisela Voda, by the Verification commission, was suggested and elected Tase Ivanovski, and as secretary was elected Aleksandar Jovanovski. From the City Assembly were elected 15 members: Taskovski Dragan, Kondov Pance, Hadzimanov Vasil, Ordanovski Todor, Anastasov Kiro, Mijalkovic Nada, Temelkovski Boris, Cvetkovski Boris, Boskovski Jovan, Caca Gorgi, Dimitrovski Rade, Popovski Kostadin, Micev Dimitar, Stojanovski Blagoja i Kasimovski Jovan. From the Assembly of the manufacturer were elected 13 members: Gasi Riza, Markovski Andon, Strezova Mara, Todorovski Mitre, Macievski Ilija, Angelovski Blagoja, Nikolovski Nikola, Sarfski Teodos, Viciski Vlado, Arsov Lazar, Lazarevski Boge, Angelovski Bogdan and Aleksievski Todor. Besides the above mentioned persons of the new established municipality board of Kisela Voda, from the villages of this municipality the following persons were elected: Cvetanovski Pece, Trpkovski Gorgi, Kuzmanovski Boris, Zumberovski Nezir, Trpcevski Zivko, all from the Upper Lisice vallage, and Antevski Atanas and Josevski Blagoja from the village of Usje. During the establishment of the Municipality board of Kisela Voda and in accordance with the Declaration of the District boardSkopje, from 13th July till 16th August 1955 the following five persons were elected: Gorgiovski

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Macievski Ilija, Angelovski Blagoja, Nikolovski Nikola, Sarafski Teodos, Vi~i{ki Vlado, Arsov Lazar, Lazarevski Boge, Angelovski Bogdan i Aleksievski Todor. Pokraj pogore navedenive ~lenovi na novoformiraniot op{tinski odbor na Kisela Voda, od selata na ovaa Op{tina bile izbrani slednive lica: Cvetanovski Pece, Trpkovski \or|i, Kuzmanovski Boris, Zumberovski Nezir, Trp~evski @ivko, site od selo Gorno Lisi~e, i Antevski Atanas i Josevski Blagoja od selo Usje. Vo dooformuvaweto na Op{tinskiot odbor Kisela Voda i vo duhot na Odlukata na Okoliskiot odbor - Skopje, od 13 juli 1955 godina, bile organizirani i sprovedeni izbori od 15 juli do 6 avgust 1955 godina za izbor na pet ~lenovi i bile izbrani slednive lica: \or|iovski Vene za Sobir na izbira~ite od podra~jeto na naselba "Prolet", Haxi Pecov Krum za Sobir na izbira~ite za podra~jeto "Stara ma{ka gimnazija" Nikolovski Aleksandar za Sobir na izbira~ite za

Vene for the Assembly of the voters from the district of the settlement "Prolet", Hadzi Pecov Krum for the Assembly of the voters for the district of "Stara maska gimnazija", Nikolovski Aleksandar for the Assembly of the voters for the district of "Kiril Pejcinovic", Ivanovski Tase and Kostov Metodija for the Assembly of the voters for the district of the "Vardar" settlement. The rest five members that should complete the total number of 45 members of the Board of Kisela Voda, were elected additionally on the assemblies of the voters. On the Session held on 7. 11. 1957 year, as a President of the National board, Pejko Blazevski was elected and Pance Mirkolovski as a vice president. On 05.05.1960 as a President of the National Board Slave Trajkovski who was reelected on the same position in 24.02.1962. On 03.06.1963 as a President of the Municipal assembly was elected Milan Todorovski, and as a vice president Vlado Muratovski, as a Secretary Dragan Zlatevski, Vera Dimi-

Slika 30. Rasadnik - Kisela Voda Photo 30. Rasadnik - Kisela Voda

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podra~jeto "Kiril Pej~inovi}", Ivanovski Tase i Kostov Metodija za Sobir na izbira~ite za podra~jeto na naselba "Vardar". Ostanatiot broj od pet ~lenovi do kompletiraweto na vkupniot broj 45, kolku {to trebalo da iznesuva brojot na ~lenovite na Odborot Kisela Voda, dopolnitelno bile izbrani na sobiri na izbira~ite. Na sednicata odr`ana na 7.11.1957 godina za pretsedatel na Narodniot odbor bil izbran Pejko Bla`evski, a za potpretsedatel Pan~e Mirkulovski. Na 5.05.1960 godina za pretsedatel na Narodniot odbor bil izbran Slave Trajkovski, koj e reizbran na istata funkcija na 24.02.1962 godina. Na 3.06.1963 godina za pretsedatel na Op{tinskoto sobranie e izbran Mile Todorovski, za potpretsedatel Vlado Muratovski, za sekretar Dragan Zlatevski, Vera Dimitrova za pretsedava~ na Op{tinskiot sobor i Mihajlo Mihajlovski za pretsedava~ na Soborot na rabotnite zaednici. Na 15.04.1965 godina Mile Todorovski povtorno e izbran za pretsedatel na Op{tinskoto sobranie, Mihajlo Mihajlovski za potpretsedatel, za sekretar Aleksandar Nikolovski, za pretsedatel na Soborot na rabotnite zaednici bil izbran Vasko Tegovski, a za pretsedatel na Op{tinskiot sobor Eftim ^unovski. Vo 1968 godina se ukinale trite op{tini i celoto podra~je na gradot Skopje se proglasilo kako edna celina so Gradsko sobranie kako edinstven organ koj gi prezel site imotni prava i obvrski na porane{nite op{tini i na Gradskoto sobranie na Skopje. Na 3.11.1976 godina za pretsedatel na Sobranieto na Op{tina Kisela Voda bil izbran Du{ko Apostolovski, za potpretsedatel Tihomir Cvetkovski, za sekretar na Sobranieto \or|i Proja, za pretsedatel na Izvr{niot sovet Bo{ko Makrevski i za sekretar na Izvr{niot sovet Todor Mladenovski. Na 17.04.1978 godina za pretsedatel na Sobranieto povtorno bil izbran Du{ko Apostolovski, za potpretsedatel Tihomir Cvet-

trova as a chairman of the Municipal congress and Mihajlo Mihajlovski as a chairman of the Congress of the working communities. On 15.04. 1965 Mile Todorovski once again was elected for a president of the Municipal assembly, Mihajlo Mihajlovski as a vice president, Aleksandar Nikolovski as a Secretary, Vasko Tegovski was elected as a President of the Congress of the working communities, and as a President of the Municipal Congress was elected Eftim Cunovski. In 1968 the three municipalities were abolished and the whole area of the city of Skopje was proclaimed as one union with the City Assembly as an undivided body that takes over all of the rights and obligations of the former municipalities and of the City Assembly of Skopje. On 03.11. 1976 as a President of the Assembly of the Municipality of Kisela Voda was elected Dusko Apostolovski, as a vice president - Tihomir Cvetkovski, as a Secretary of the Assembly - Gorgi Proja, as a President of the Executive Council - Bosko Makrevski and as a Secretary of the Executive Council - Todor Mladenovski. On 17.04.1978 as a President of the Assembly once again was elected Dusko Apostolovski, as a vice president - Tihomir Cvetkovski and as a Secretary - Gorgi Proja. As a President of the Executive Council was elected Bosko Makrevski and as a Secretary - Todor Mladenovski. On 13.04.1982 for a President of the Assembly was elected Cedo Lazarevski, as a vice President - Velimir Ivanovski, as a Secretary of the Assembly Gorgi Proja, as a President of the Executive Council Tome Malevski and as a Secretary of the Executive Council Petar Naumovski. On 07.11.1983 as a President of the Executive Council was elected Mitko Prosev. On 14.04.1986 as a President of the Assembly of the Municipality of Kisela Voda was elected Dusko Nesovski, as a vice President Ivan Kuzmanovski, as a Secretary of the Assembly - Petar Naumaovski, as a President of the Executive Council - Vladimir Sahov, and as a

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koski i za sekretar \or|i Proja. Za pretsedatel na Izvr{niot sovet bil izbran Bo{ko Makrevski, a za sekretar Todor Mladenovski. Na 13.04.1982 godina za pretsedatel na Sobranieto bil izbran ^edo Lazarevski, za potpretsedatel Velimir Ivanovski, za sekretar na Sobranieto \or|i Proja, za pretsedatel na Izvr{en sovet Tome Malevski i za sekretar na Izvr{niot sovet Petar Naumovski. Na 7.11.1983 godina za pretsedatel na Izvr{niot sovet e izbran Mitko Pro{ev. Na 14.04.1986 godina za pretsedatel na Sobranieto na Op{tina Kisela Voda bil izbran Du{ko Ne{ovski, za potpretsedatel Ivan Kuzmanovski, za sekretar na Sobranieto Petar Naumovski, za pretsedatel na Izvr{niot sovet Vladimir [ahov, a za sekretar na IS Emilija Matova. Na 14.04.1988 godina povtorno bile reizbrani site funkcioneri na rakovodnite mesta vo Op{tinata, a na 3.04.1990 godina bila donesena Odluka za prodol`uvawe na mandatot na funkcionerite {to gi izbira i imenuva Sobranieto najdolgo do 13.04.1991 godina. Ovaa Odluka bila donesena poradi pretstojnite ustavni izmeni so koi se pravele su{testveni izmeni vo strukturata na sobranijata na op{testveno politi~kite zaednici.

Secretary of the Executive Council - Emilija Matova. On 14. 04.1988 were reelected all of the functionaries of the management positions in the Municipality, and on 03.04.1990 the Declaration was ratified to prolong the mandate of the functionaries that were elected and nominated by the Assembly until 13.04.1991. This Declaration was ratified because of the future constitutional changes by which were made an essential changes in the structure of the assemblies of the municipal-political communities.

3.2. The period from 1991 to 2004

After 1991 the Republic of Macedonia became an independent and international incorporated country. The year of 1991 was one of the most important in the long history of the Macedonian people as well as for the people of this Municipality, which by its population, was the biggest in the Republic of Macedonia. In 1991, after the held referendum of the citizens, the Republic of Macedonia ratified its Constitution by which it is declared as a state of the Macedonian people and of the nationalities that live here. The Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia was constituted on the first multiparty elections by which the one party social system was left and the multiparty parliament democracy was introduced. In accordance with the decision of the citizens of the Republic of Macedonia and in the Municipality of Kisela Voda, by collusive vote on th 11 June 1991 was constituted the first multiparty Assembly. On 11.06.1991 as a President of the Assembly was elected Zoran Sapuric, as a Secretary - Dafinka Taleva Hadzi Vaskova, and as a Presidents of the Executive Council were elected Pece Jovevski till 1994 and Dragan Jovanovski from 1994 to 1996. In their first mandate, in the beginning of 1991 year, the members of the Assembly of the Municipality of Kisela Voda beside confirmation of the Law for local government and the Law

3.2. Periodot od 1991 do 2004 godina

Po 1991 godina dojde do celosno osamostojuvawe na Republika Makedonija i nejzino me|unarodno priznavawe. Godinata 1991 e edna od najzna~ajnite vo dolgata istorija na makedonskiot narod, a so toa i na naselenieto od ovaa Op{tina, koja spored brojot na `itelite be{e najgolemata vo Republika Makedonija. Vo 1991 godina, po odr`aniot referendum na gra|anite, dojde donesuvaweto na Ustavot na Republika Makedonija, so {to taa se deklarira kako dr`ava na makedonskiot narod i na nacionalnostite koi `iveat vo nea. Sobranieto na Republika Makedonija be{e konstituirano na prvite pove}eparti-

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ski izbori, so {to vsu{nost se napu{ti ednopartiskiot socijalisti~ki sistem i se vovede pove}epartiska parlamentarna demokratija. Prv pretsedatel na vladata na samostojna i nezavisna Republika Makedonija be{e akademik Nikola Kqusev, `itel na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Toj e eden od osnovopolo`nicite na sovremenata dr`avnost i ustavnost na Republika Makedonija i eden od vode~kite kreatori na monetarniot sistem. Soglasno so vakvata opredelba na gra|anite na Republika Makedonija i vo Op{tina Kisela Voda, so neposredno i tajno glasawe be{e konstituirano prvoto pove}epartisko sobranie na 11.06.1991 godina. Na 11.06.1991 godina za pretsedatel na Sobranieto bil izbran Zoran [apuri}, za sekretar Dafinka Taleva Haxi Vaskova, a za pretsedateli na Izvr{niot sovet Pece Jovevski do 1994 godina i Dragan Jovanovski od 1994 do 1996 godina. Vo svojot prv mandaten period od po~etokot na 1991 godina odbornicite na Sobranieto na Op{tina Kisela Voda, pokraj toa {to se izjasnija za Zakonot za lokalna samouprava i za Zakonot za teritorijalna podel-

for territory division of the Republic of Macedonia and determination of the regions of the units of the local government they also discussed about development of the small economy businesses, for the detail urbanity plan for organization of the southeast industrial zone as well as about the goal, importance and construction of the sanitary dump "Drizla". The local population showed a great interest on the Law for new territory division of the Republic of Macedonia which was ratified by the Parliament in September 1996, when from 34, 123 municipalities were established. According to the new territory division Skopje as a biggest urban center was divided to seven city municipalities: Gazi Baba, Gorce Petrov, Karpos, Kisela Voda, Centar, Cair and Suto Orizari. To coordinate with the work in this urban centers, a City Assembly was established, with Mayor of the city of Skopje and 25 members of the City Council. With the new territory division from this Municipality were established three new municipalities: Zelenikovo, Studenicani and Sopiste. Between the both cycles of the parliath ment elections, on 18 October 1996, in Repu-

Slika 31. Panorama na Dra~evo Photo 31. Panorama of Dracevo

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ba na Republika Makedonija za opredeluvawe na podra~jata na edinicite na lokalnata samouprava, raspravaa i za razvojot na maloto stopanstvo, za detalniot urbanisti~ki plan za ureduvawe na jugosito~nata industriska zona, za problemot so mehani~kiot priliv na naselenieto, kako i za celta, zna~eweto i tekot na izgradbata na sanitarnata deponija "Drizla". Kaj mesnoto naselenie na golemo interesirawe naide i Zakonot za nova teritorijalna podelba na Republika Makedonija, koj parlamentot go usvoi vo septemvri 1996 godina, taka {to od dotoga{nite 34, se formiraa 123 op{tini. Spored novata teritorijalna podelba samo Skopje, kako najgolem urban centar, be{e podeleno na sedum gradski op{tini i toa: Gazi Baba, \or~e Petrov, Karpo{, Kisela Voda, Centar, ^air i [uto Orizari. Za koordinirawe na rabotite vo ovie urbani op{tinski celini formirano be{e i Gradsko sobranie, so gradona~alnik na grad Skopje i 25 ~lenovi na Gradskiot sovet.

blic of Macedonia were held the first local elections of the mayors and members of the councils of the municipalities. As a first Mayor of the Municipality of Kisela Voda on the elections in 18.10.1996 was elected Marjan Gorcev from the coalition of VMRO-DPMNE, DP, and MAAK, as a President of the Council Orde Stojanovski was elected from VMRO-DPMNE, as a vice President of the Council - Trajko Binkovski from DP, as a Secretaries in 1999 was Zoran Dimov and in 2000 Sonja Pancevska. In the Municipality Council were the following persons: from SDSM Zoran Georgievski, Metodi Kocev, Veselinka Ivanova, Ljupco Dimov, Petar Aleksovski, Kosta Kostovski, Hari Stojanoski, Tome Dimiskovski and Tome Cvetanovski; from VMRO-DPMNE Orde Stojanovski, Dragan Jovanovski, Vance Dejanov, Dimce Temelkovski, Aco Stojanovski, Sokol Sokolovski and Igor Trosanski; from LP Angelka Peeva, Dragica Videvska, Slavko Mitovski and Ljubica Tancevska; from DP Trajko Binkovski, Gjorgi Avramcev, Nikola Labacevski, Zlatko Blazevski and Ico

Slika 32. Gradona~alnikot Marjan \or~ev (goren red, {esti od desno) so sovetnicite Photo 32. The Mayor Marjan Gjorcev (on the top, sixth on the right side) with the councilors

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So novata teritorijalna podelba, od ovaa Op{tina, pokraj Kisela, Voda, bea formirani tri novi op{tini: Zelenikovo, Studeni~ani i Sopi{te. Me|u dvata ciklusa na parlamentarnite izbori na 18 oktomvri 1996 godina vo Republika Makedonija se odr`aa prvite lokalni izbori za gradona~alnici i ~lenovi na soveti na op{tinite. Za prv gradona~alnik na Op{tina Kisela Voda na neposredni izbori na 18.10.1996 godina be{e izbran Marjan \or~ev od koalicijata VMRO DPMNE, DP i MAAK, za pretsedatel na Sovetot Orde Stojanovski od VMRO DPMNE, za popretsedatel na Sovetot Trajko Binkovski od DP, a za sekretari do 1999 godina Zoran Dimov a do 2000 godina Sowa Pan~evska. Vo Sovetot na Op{tinata vleguvale slednite lica: od SDSM Zoran Georgievski, Metodi Kocev, Veselinka Ivanova, Qup~o Dimov, Petar Aleksovski, Kosta Kostovski, Hari Stojanoski, Tome Dimi{kovski i Tome Cvetanovski; od VMRO DPMNE Orde Stojanovski, Dragan Jovanovski, Van~e Dejanov, Dim~e Temelkovski, Aco Stojanovski, Sokol Sokolovski i Igor Tro{anski; od LP An|elka Peeva, Dragica Videvska, Slavko Mitovski i Qubica Tan~evska; od DP -Trajko Binkovski, \or|i Avram~ev, Nikola Laba~evski, Zlatko Bla`evski i Ico Lazarevski; i od SP - Slavejko Zlatevski i Jon~e Dudulovski. ^lenovite na Sovetot na Op{tina Kisela Voda vo ovoj period go usvoija i Statutot na Op{tinata, a po raspi{aniot vtor konkurs go utvrdija Grbot i Znameto na Op{tinata. Op{tinata Kisela Voda sekoja godina go praznuva i svojot patronen praznik 6-ti maj \ur|ovden. Na 25.06.1997 godina Sovetot na Op{tina Kisela Voda donese nov Statut spored koj Op{tinata e edinica na lokalnata samouprava, kade {to gra|anite go ostvaruvaat pravoto na lokalna samouprava neposredno i preku pretstavnici vo organite na Op{tinata i vo gradot Skopje kako posebna edinica na lokalnata samouprava.

Lazarevski; and from SP Slavejko Zlatevski and Jonce Dudulovski. On 25. 06.1997 the Council of the Municipality of Kisela Voda ratified the new Statute by which the Municipality becomes a unit of the local government where the citizens can realize the right of the local government trough the representatives in the Municipality and in the city of Skopje as a separate unit of the local government. In this period the members of the Council of the Municipality of Kisela Voda ratified the Statute of the Municipality and after the announcement of the second open competition they confirmed the heraldry and flag of the Municipality. The Municipality of Kisela Voda each th year celebrates its patron holiday 6 May Gjurgjovden. Very important in the working period of the Municipality of Kisela Voda is the fact that, the premature died President Boris Trajkovski, started his political career. The President of Republic of Macedonia, Boris Trajkovski (1965-2004) was the second president of Republic of Macedonia, inauguratth ed on December 15 1999. His premature and tragic death is the reason that directs us to who he really was and what he has done for its people and his country Macedonia, during his short but intensive and rich life. On that occasion small contribution regarding Skopje municipality Kisela Voda, generally less know will be added. Namely, after the local elections in 1996, the victory in the largest municipality in the capital the political party VMRO-DPMNE, whose member was Boris Trajkovski, convincingly won Skopje. As a matter of fact, he started his successful career in the state institutions from municipality Kisela Voda. As a Chief of the mayor's cabinet he contributed greatly this municipality to become opened for cooperation with the citizens. The party assigned him to conduct the international relations, contacts and cooperation that contributed towards intensification of international municipal communications.

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The achieved results would serve as recommendation for his next position, Deputy Minister of foreign affairs (1998). Afterwards everything is well known of the successful, short and tragically interrupted career of the Man and President Boris Trajkovski, who loved his people and country immeasurably and who could have contributed even more so. In September 2000 Slika 33. Boris Trajkovski so amerikanskiot pretsedatel were conducted the second Xorx V. Bu{ vo Belata ku}a, maj 2001 elections for the mayor and Photo 33. Boris Trajkovski with the American President George W. members of the Council of Bush in the white house may 2001 the Municipality of Kisela Od osobeno zna~ewe za rabotata na Voda were conducted. The election of mayor was Op{tina Kisela Voda e i faktot deka tuka made by the model of majority and for the couneden period rabote{e i pretsedatelot na cilors by proportionality. As a Mayor of the Republika Makedonija Boris Tarjkovski. Municipality of Kisela Voda was elected Ljupco Pretsedatelot na Republika Makedonija Dimov and 25 members of the Council were Boris Trajkovski (1956-2004), be{e vtor pretsedatel na Republika Makedonija, inauelected, as a President of the Council ­ Slavko guriran na 15 dekemvri 1999 godina. NegoMitovski from LDP, as a vice president Hari vata prerana i tragi~na smrt e pri~ina {to Stojanovski from SDSM and as a secretary of the ne naso~uva kon ona {to be{e i {to stori za Municipality - Gjorgi Strezovski. As a councilors svojot narod i svojata zemja Makedonija, vo tekot na svojot kus, no mo{ne intenziven i bogat `ivot. Po lokalnite izbori vo 1996 godina, pobedata vo najgolemata op{tina vo gradot Skopje, ubedlivo ja izvojuva partijata VMRODPMNE, ~ij zna~en ~len be{e i Boris Trajkovski. Vsu{nost, svojot uspe{en pohod po skalilata na dr`avnite institucii go zapo~na tokmu od ovaa op{tina. Vo svojstvo na {ef na kabinetot na gradonaSlika 34. Boris Trajkovski so francuskiot pretsedatel @ak ~alnikot, toj dade golem [irak i ruskiot pretsedatel Vladimir Putin vo Stokholm, 2001 pridones ovaa op{tina da Photo 34. Boris Trajkovski with the French president Jacques Chirac stane najpopularna i najand Russian President Vladimir Putin in Stockholm, 2001

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transparentna vo Republika Makedonija. B. Trajkovski be{e zadol`en od partijata za me|unarodnite odnosi i kontakti, sorabotka i komunikacii na op{tinata so stranstvo. Postignatite rezultati pridonesoa toj da bide izbran na povisoka politi~ka funkcija, zamenik minister za nadvore{ni raboti (1998). Natamu e s# poznato za uspe{nata, kusa i nesre}no prekinata kariera na ~ovekot i pretsedatel Boris Trajkovski koj neizmerno go qube{e svojot narod i svojata Makedonija i na koi mo`e{e i saka{e u{te mnogu da im pomogne. Vo septemvri 2000 godina bea sprovedeni vtorite izbori za gradona~alnik i za ~lenovi na Sovetot na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Izborite za gradona~alnik se odvivaa po mnozinski model, a za sovetnici spored proporcionalniot. Za gradona~alnik na Op{tina Kisela Voda be{e izbran Qup~o Dimov od SDSM, za pretsedava~ na Sovetot Slavko Mitovski od LDP, za potpretsedatel Hari Stojanovski od SDSM i za sekretar na Op{tinata \or|i Strezovski. Za sovetnici vo Sovetot na Op{tinata se izbrani: od SDSM Hari Stojanovski, Todor Todorovski, Nikola [eldarov, Ivan Golubov, Metodi Kocev, Tawa Tomi}, Nikola Memov, Aleksandar Bajdevski, Mitko An-

in the Municipality Council were elected: from SDSM Hari Stojanovski, Todor Todorovski, Nikola Seldarov, Ivan Golubov, Metodi Kocev, Tanja Tomic, Nikola Memov, Aleksandar Bajdevski, Mitko Andreevski and Nebojsa Zivkovic; from LDP- Slavko Mitovski, Trajko Binkovski, Dragi Apostolovski and Ico Lazarevski; from SP- Atanas Kocov and Cvetan Krstevski; from VMRO-DPMNEVance Dejanov, Kiro Trpkov, Zoran Antovski and Drage Mojsovski; from DA- Riste Andrevski and Jani Kacela; from VMRO-VMRO Orde Stojanovski and Ivanka Bogdanovska; from DS- Mile Ginovski and from LP Risto Sokolovski. The local government in the past several years took many actions for construction, reconstruction, maintains and protection of the local roads and streets in the inhabited places, than for improvement of the street lightening and maintaining of the public green surfaces. Also was ratified the detail urbane plan for the settlement of "Upper Lisice" and were taken measures for creating better life conditions in other settlements and villages. From the activities of the Municipality of Kisela Voda, in the period from 1991-2004 year, as very important is the Program for solving the situation with the construction land, Program for con-

Slika 35. Gradona~alnikot Qup~o Dimov (vtor od desno) so sovetnicite. Photo 35. The Mayor Ljupco Dimov (second on the right side) with the councilors

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dreevski i Neboj{a @ivkovi}; od LDP Slavko Mitovski, Trajko Binkovski, Dragi Apostolovski i Ico Lazarevski; od SP Atanas Ko~ov i Cvetan Krstevski; od VMRO DPMNE Van~e Dejanov, Kiro Trpkov, Zoran Antovski i Drage Mojsovski; od DA Riste Andrevski i Aleksandar Akimovski Aleksandar Stoj~ev Jani Ka~ela, od VMROVMRO Orde Stojanovski i Ivanka Bogdanovska; od DS Mile Ginovski i od LP Risto Sokolovski. Od strana na lokalnata samouprava vo tekot na ovie izminati godini bea prezemeni pove}e akcii i zafati Fejzo Xeladinovski Boban Trnkov za izgradba, rekonstrukcija, odr`uvawe i za{tita na lokalnite pati{ta i ulicite vo naselenite mesta, potoa za podobruvawe na javnoto osvetluvawe i za odr`uvawe na javnite zeleni povr{ini. Be{e donesen i detalniot urbanisti~ki plan za naselbata Teodor Stojanovski "Gorno Lisi~e", a bea Igor Kosteski prezemeni i merSlika 37. Zaginaa vo odbrana za Makedonija. ki za sozdavawe Photo 35. Died defending Macedonia podobri uslovi za `ivot vo drugi naselbi i sela. Od pregledot na aktivnostite na Op{tina Kisela Voda za periodot 19912004 godina posebno zazemaat: Programata za ureduvaweto na grade`noto zemji{te, Programata za

struction, reconstruction, maintains and protection of the local roads and streets in the settlements, service and residential streets, Program for maintains of the public lightening and Program for designing of the urbanity plans. In the annals of the Macedonian history 2001 year will be remembered by the war conflict that started on 21st of February in the region of Tanusevci, near the frontier line of the Macedonian-Yugoslavian border at Kosovo, with armed firing between the security bodies on our border and members of the Albanian terrorist organization ONA. During the war many refugees from Macedonia and Kosovo found shelter on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. They were sheltered in the rooms of the "House of blind persons", than in the hotel "Pelagonija", in private houses and other institutions which in that period served as only reception centers. High patriotic conciseness

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izgradba, rekonstrukcija, odr`uvawe i za{tita na lokalnite pati{ta, ulicite vo naselenite mesta, servisnite i stanbenite ulici, Programata za odr`uvawe na javnoto osvetluvawe i Programata za izrabotka na urbanisti~ki planovi. Vo analite na makedonskata istorija 2001 godina }e bide zapametena i po voeniot konflikt {to zapo~na na 21 fevruari vo reonot na Tanu{evci vo neposredna blizina na grani~nata linija na makedonsko-jugoslovenskata granica kaj Kosovo so vooru`ena prestrelka me|u organite na obezbeduvaweto na na{ata granica i pripadnicite na albanskata teroristi~ka organizacija ONA. Vo vreme na vooru`enite dejstva na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda zasolni{te najdoa pogolem broj begalci i raseleni lica od Makedonija i od Kosovo. Tie bea zgri`eni vo prostoriite na Domot na slepite, vo hotelot "Pelagonija", vo privatni domovi i drugi institucii koi vo toa vreme poslu`ija kako edinstveni prifatni centri. Visoka patriotska svest i ~uvstvo na odgovornost vo odbrana na sopstvenata zemja poka`aa i pove}e gra|ani od Op{tina Kisela Voda. Za `al, nekolku od niv na branikot na tatkovinata gi polo`ija i svoite mladi `ivoti. Po toj povod na 18 dekemvri 2002 godina vo naselbata Dra~evo be{e otvoren "Spomen park" so plo~a na koja se napi{ani imiwata na pette zaginati pripadnici na bezbednosnite sili od Op{tina Kisela Voda: Teodor Stojanovski, Boban Trpkov, Igor Kosteski, Aleksandar Stoj~ev i Aleksandar Akimovski. Nim, pokraj semejstvata na zaginatite, po~it im oddadoa i pretsedatelot na Sobranieto na Republika Makedonija Nikola Popovski, pripadnici na specijalnite policiski edinici "Tigri", golem broj gra|ani od Dra~evo i sovetnici od Op{tinata. "Spomen-parkot" e delo na grade`niot in`ener Milko Petrov, in`ener od OHIS. Obele`jeto ima tri dela {to go simboliziraat Svetoto trojstvo. Do spomenikot e postaven skulpturalen prikaz so kartata na Makedonija, nasloven "Krvava Makedonija". Samiot park ima forma na krst, a okolu nego se postaveni pet zraci {to ja simboliziraat voz-

responsibility in defending of the country has shown many citizens from the Municipality of Kisela Voda. Unfortunately some of them defending their country have lost their young lives. On that occasion on 18en of December 2002 year in the settlement of Dracevo was opened a "Memorial park" with board on which were written the names of the five dead members from the security forces from Municipality of Kisela Voda: Teodor Stojanovski, Boban Trpkov, Igor Kosteski, Aleksandar Stojcev and Aleksandar Akimovski. Beside their families also gave them a respect the President of the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia Nikola Popovski, members of the special police unit "Tigers" many citizens from Dracevo and councilors from the Municipality. The "Memorial park" is a work of the civil engineer Milko Petrov from OHIS. The memorial is made of three parts that symbolizes the Holy trinity. Beside the memorial is standing the sculpture work with the map of Macedonia titled as "Bloody Macedonia". The park has a shape of a cross and around it are placed five rays that symbolizes the age of the fallen defenders. In the memorial complex is placed a fountain and the third part has a shape of circle, which symbolizes the eternity. The entrance in the park has five paths and each one is made in honor of the dead members of the security forces of the Republic of Macedonia, from the Municipality of Kisela Voda. In this period on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda were established many non-government, unprofitable and nonparty organizations which in their voluntary activity engaged many citizens. With many manifestations the Municipality celebrates its patron day -"6th of May Gurgovden", and the Council of the Municipality on separate sessions ratified a decision for fraternization of the Municipality of Kisela Voda with the Municipality of Stratos from Republic of Greece as well as with the Municiaplity of Zvezdara, one of the biggest municipality in Belgrade, from Serbia and Montenegro. The fraternization understands cooperation in all

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Slika 38. Praznik na op{tinata 6-ti maj - \ur|ovden (2004). th Photo 38. The municipality holiday 6 of May-Gjurgjovden (2004).

rasta na zaginatite braniteli. Vo spomeni~niot kompleks se nao|a i ~e{ma, a tretiot del e vo forma na krug i ja simbolizira ve~nosta. Vo parkot se vleguva preku pet pateki i sekoja od niv e vo ~est na eden od zaginatite pripadnici na bezbednosnite sili na Republika Makedonija od Op{tina Kisela Voda. Vo ovoj period na podra~jeto na Op{tina Kisela Voda bea formirani pove}e nevladini, neprofitni i nepartiski organizacii, koi so svojata volonterska dejnost anga`iraa golem broj gra|ani. So pove}e prigodni manifestacii se odbele`uva "6-ti Maj - \ur|ovden", denot na Op{tinata, a Sovetot na Op{tinata na oddelni sednici donese odluka za zbratimuvawe na Op{tina Kisela Voda so Op{tina Stratos od Republika Grcija, so Op{tina Zvezdara, edna od najgolemite belgradski op{tini od Srbija i Crna Gora i so Op{tina Kadi}oj od Istanbul, Republika Turcija. Zbratimuvaweto podrazbira sorabotka na site poliwa, posebno na planot na kulturata, ekonomskite i biznis vrski i na sportsko pole.

areas, especially in the culture, economy, business and sport. In this period on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda were established many non-government, unprofitable and nonparty organizations which in their voluntary activity engaged many citizens. With many manifestations the Municipalith ty celebrates its patron day- "6 of May­ Gurgovden", and the Council of the Municipality on separate sessions ratified a decision for fraternization of the Municipality of Kisela Voda with the Municipality of Stratos from Republic of Greece as well as with the Municiaplity of Zvezdara, one of the biggest municipality in Belgrade, from Serbia and Montenegro. The fraternization understands cooperation in all areas, especially in the culture, economy, business and sport.

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Slika 39. Op{tina Kisela Voda Photo 39. The Municipality of Kisela Voda

3.3. Lokalnite izbori vo 2005 godina

Tretite lokalni izbori se odr`aa vo tekot na mart i april 2005 godina. Vkupniot broj na izbira~ki mesta vo Op{tina Kisela Voda iznesuva 68. Na izborite u~estvuvaa sedum politi~ki partii i toa: TMRO, VMRO-NP, VMRO-DPMNE vo koalcija so pove}e drugi politi~ki parti, Liga za demokratija, DA, Grupa izbira~i i SDSM vo koalcija so pove}e drugi politi~ki partii. Od niv, ~etiri politi~ki partii u~estvuvaa so posebni listi so kandidati za gradona~alnik. Vo prviot krug u~estvuvaa slednive kandidati: TMRO so kandidatot Tome Dimi{kovski, VMRO-NP so kandidatot Goce Stankovski, VMRO-DPMNE so kandidatot Xorxe Arsov i SDSM so kandidatot ^edomir Sazdovski. Po zavr{uvaweto na prviot krug, vo vtoriot krug za izbor na gradona~alnik u~estvuvaa dvajca kandidati, od koi kandidatot na VMRO-DPMNE Xorxe Arsov osvoi

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3.3. Local elections in 2005

The third local elections were held in March and April 2005. The total number of the electoral units in the Municipality of Kisela Voda is 68. On the elections participated seven political parties: TMRO, VMRO-NP, VMRO-DPMNE in coalition with several other political parties, Democracy League, DA, Voter association and SDSM in coalition with many other political parties. Four of these political parties suggested a list of candidates for mayors and participated in the first round. Those were: TMRO with the candidate Tome Dimiskovski, VMRO-NP with the candidate Goce Stankovski, VMRO-DPMNE with the candidate Dzordze Arsov and SDSM with the candidate Cedomir Sazdovski. After the ending of the first round, in the second round of the mayor elections two candidates participated of which the candidate from VMRODPMNE Dzordze Arsov won absolute majority

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apsolutno mnozinstvo od 10.187 glasovi, nasproti kandidatot na SDSM, ^edomir Sazdovski, koj osvoi 8.564 glasovi. Soglasno so ovie rezultati, za gradona~alnik na Op{tina Kisela Voda be{e izbran Xorxe Arsov. Vrz osnova na dobienite glasovi, za ~lenovi na Sovetot na Op{tina Kisela Voda se izbrani slednive lica: od VMRO-DPMNE - Miroslav Tasevski, Lepa [e}erova, Elizabeta Kan~eska, Dragi Stojanovski, Tom~o Nikolovski, Marija \or|ieva (koalicionen partner od Partija na Vlasite), Risto Sokolovski (koalicionen partner od LP), Marjan~o Trajkovski (koalicionen partner od Demokratski Sojuz) i Cvetan Krstevski (koalicionen partner od SPM); od SDSM - Blagoja Simonovski, Gordana Por~u, Lidija \or|ievska, Metodi Kocev, Mirko Nikolovski, Slavica Nova~evska, Goran Petru{ev (koalicionen partner od LDP), Gordana Manojlovska (koalicionen partner od LDP); od VMRO-NP - Gorica Angelovska, Slobodan Bla`evski, Nikola Gruev; od Liga za demokratija - Goran Arsovski; od TMRO - Dingo ^alovski, i od Grupa izbira~i - Slobodan Trpevski.

of 10.187 votes, against the candidate of SDSM Cedomir Sazdovski who won 8.564 votes. According to these results as a Mayor of the Municipality of Kisela Voda, Dzordze Arsov was elected one of the most martyrs for the win of the VMRO-DPMNE on these local elections. According to the votes as members of the Council of the Municipality of Kisela Voda the following persons were elected: from VMRO-DPMNEMiroslav Tasevski, Lepa Sekerova, Elizabeta Kanceska, Dragi Stojanovski, Tomco Nikolovski, Marija Gorgieva (coalition partner from the Vlahs party), Risto Sokolovski (coaltion partner from LP), Marjanco Trajkovski (coalition partner from Democracy union), and Cvetan Krstevski (coalition partner from SPM); from SDSM - Blagoja Simonovski, Gordana Porcu, Lidija Gorgievska, Metodi Kocev, Mirko Nikolovski, Slavica Novacevska,Goran Petrusev (coalition partner from LDP), Gordana Manojlovska (coalition partner from LDP); from VMRO-NP - Gorica Angelovska, Slobodan Blazevski, Nikola Gruev; from the Democracy League Goran Arsovski; from TMRO Dingo Caloski; from Group of voters Slobodan Trpevski.

Slika 40. Gradona~alnikot Xorxe Arsov (vo sredinata) so sovetnicite. Photo 40. The Mayor Dzordze Arsov (in the middle) with the councilors

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Gradona~alnikot Xorxe Arsov go ozna~uva po~etokot na gradbata na Sportsko-rekreativniot verski centar "Tri Kru{i"-Dra~evo. The Mayor Dzordze Arsov opens the construction of the Sport- recreation and religious center "Tri krusi"- Dracevo

Parkot na ul. "Prvomajska". The park on the street "Prvomajska"

Kompleks"Pelagonija" na ul. Biha}ka. Complex "Pelagonija" on the street Bihacka

Parkingot na ul. "Vera Joci}". Parking space on the street " Vera Jocic"

Ulica "Sava Kova~evi}" - krak 15. The street "Sava Kovacevic"- tang 15

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Slika 41. Rampata - o`ivuvawe na minatoto. Photo 41. "Rampa" - the revival of the past

Po konstituiraweto na noviot pove}eAfter the Constitution of the Council of partiski Sovet na Op{tina Kisela Voda, za the Municipality of Kisela Voda, Miroslav pretsedatel na Sovetot e izbran Miroslav Tasevski, member of VMRO-DPMNE, was electTasevski, ~len na VMRO-DPMNE. Sovetot na ed a President of the Council. In the very short Op{tina Kisela Voda period from its constiza kus period od negotution, the Council of voto formirawe odr`a the Municipality held pove}e sednici na koi many sessions on which se donesoa zna~ajni were ratified documents dokumenti za normalthat are important for noto funkcionirawe regular functioning of na Op{tinata, me|u the Municipality. Among koi }e gi spomeneme: them, most important donesuvaweto na were the decisions for Statut na Op{tina ratification of the StaKisela Voda, donesutute of the Municipality vawe na Delovnik na of Kisela Voda, Rules of Sovetot na Op{tina procedures of the MuniKisela Voda, Odluka cipality of Kisela Voda, za zbratimuvawe na Slika 42. Novata avtobuska stanica Declaration for fraterOp{tina Kisela Voda vo naselbata Pripor so Op{tina Kadi}oj od Photo 42. The new bus station in the settlement nization of the Municiof Pripor Istanbul, Republika pality of Kisela Voda

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Turcija kako i drugi odluki od oblasta na urbanizmot, trgovskite dru{tva itn. Vo ovoj kus no dinami~en period od rabotata na novata op{tinska administracija, posebno mesto zazema rabotata i anga`iraweto na gradona~alnikot na Op{tina Kisela Voda Xorxe Arsov. U{te na startot od svojot mandat gradona~alnikot i op{tinskata administracija se zafatija so ras~istuvaweto na divite deponii vo Op{tinata. Parkovite i trevnite povr{ini bea iskoseni, a se sprovede metewe i miewe na site ulici vo op{tinata, pri {to se popravija site kontejneri a vo prilog na akcijata se sprovede akcijata za educirawe na gra|anite za za~uvuvaweto na ~istotata vo svojata op{tina. Ovaa akcija koja trae{e eden mesec se sprovede pod mototo "Generalno sreduvawe na Op{tina Kisela Voda". Posebno vnimanie od strana na gradona~alnikot i novata op{tinska administracija be{e posveteno na urbanisti~koto ureduvawe na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Najprvo se izrabotija pove}e proekti za izgradba na parkovi, atmosferska kanalizacija, vodosnabduvawe, hortikulturno ureduvawe na prostorot itn. Od niv }e gi spomeneme: izrabotka na pet proekti za atmosferska kanalizacija na lokacii vo naselbata "Dra~evo", izrabotka na proekt za vodosnabduvawe na mesnosta "Porupi" vo selo "Dra~evo", izrabotka na most na rekata Mala Rada, na kanalot vo "Dra~evo", izrabotka na proekt za rekonstrukcija na ulica: "Kitka"(od selo "Dra~evo" do naselba "Dra~evo"), izrabotka na proekti za holtikulturno i parterno ureduvawe na centarot vo selo "Dra~evo", parkot lociran zad MZ "11 Oktomvri", prostorot na ulicite "Sava Kova~evi}", "Mihail ^akov" i zgradite 12 i 12a na ulicata "Vera Joci}" itn. Istovremeno, izraboteni se i proekti za probivawe na ulicata "Dimo Haxi Dimov", za osvetluvawe na stadionot vo Pr`ino (vo delot kade se nao|a igrali{teto za mal fudbal), i proekt za atmosverska kanalizacija na ulica 14 dekemvri, Re{avaweto na dolgogodi{nite problemi so iskopanite ulici i nesoodvetnata patna komunikacija na celata teritorija na Op{tinata, gradona~alnikot i novata op{tinska ad-

with the Municipality of Kadicoy from Istanbul, Republic of Turkey, and other desicions concerning the urbanizm, trade associations and etc. During this short period of work of the new municipal government very remarkable are the great efforts of the Mayor Dzordze Arsov. On the beginning of his mandate the Mayor and the municipal administration started to clean the illegal dumps in the Municipality. The parks and the grass terrains were cut down, all of the streets in the Municipality were cleaned and washed, and the packages were fixed and also started the action for education of the citizens for protection of the clean environment in the municipality. This action in duration of one month was known under the parole "General cleaning of the Municipality of Kisela Voda". The Mayor and the new municipal administration gave special attention to the urban organization of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. At first were made several projects for construction of parks, atmospheric sewerage, water supply, horticultural arrangement of the space and etc. We will mention several of them: elaboration of five projects for atmospheric sewerage on locations in the settlement of " Dracevo", elaboration of a project for water supply in the locality " Porupi" in the village of "Dracevo", construction of a bridge on the river Mala Rada, on the sewer in "Dracevo", elaboration of a project for reconstruction on the street " Kitka" (form the village of "Dracevo" to the settlement of "Dracevo"), elaboration of the project for horticultural and ground floor arrangement in the center of the village "Dracevo", the park located behind the LC "11 October", the terrain in the streets " Vera Jocic", "Mihail Cakov" and the buildings 12 and 12 a on the street "Vera Jocic" and etc. At the same time were made projects for blasting of the street "Dimo Hadzi Dimov", than lightening of the stadium in "Przino" in the space on which is located the football playground), and the project for atmospheric sewerage on the street "14 December". The Mayor and the municipal administration immediately after they won their authorities started to solve the long standing problems

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ministracija zapo~naa da go re{avaat vedna{ po stapuvaweto na vlast. Po raspi{aaniot tender za rekonstrukcija na patot Dra~evo­Qubo{, se o~ekuva grade`nite raboti da zapo~nat vo po~etokot na 2006 godina. Vo po~etokot na dekemvri 2005 godina e zapo~nata rekonstrukcijata na patot Dra~evo-Kitka, ~ija finansiskata konstrukcija od 39 milioni denari e veke zatvorena a fi-nansiskite sredstva se obezbedeni od poveke institucii. Asfaltirana e ulicata "Dra~evska" vo dol`ina od 500 metri, kako i ulicata Sava Kova~evi} krak 15, dodeka na ulicata Naum Ohridski napraveni se novi trotoari. Izgradena e avtobuska postrojka na ulica Sava Kova~evi} vo naselbata Pripor. Po pat na donacija vo zavr{na faza e realizacijata na sportskiot centar "Dra~evo" koj opfa}a igrali{te za mal fudbal i ko{arkarsko igrali{te. Isto taka, sekojdnevno se saniraat javnite sobra}ajnici na celata teritorija na op{tinata. Rabotata e podelena vo tri fazi pri {to vo prvata faza se saniraat udarnite dupki po naselbite, vo vtorata faza se izveduva rekonstrukcija na del od ulicata dodeka vo tretata faza se opfateni rekonstrukcii na celi ulici. Isto taka, vo momentov na teritorijata na celata teritorija na op{tinata Kisela Voda se sproveduva rekonstrukcija na uli~noto osvetluvawe. Vo celiot izminat period od postoeweto na Op{tina Kisela Voda eden od najgolemite problemi bil nemaweto na dovolno parking prostor. Zatoa, novata op{tinska administracija vedna{ se zafati da po~ne da go re{ava i ovoj gorliv problem. Po izrabotenite proekti, vo prvata faza izgradeni se parking prostorite na ulicite "Mihail ^akov", " \or|i Sugare", "Pu{kinova", "Tome Arsovski", "Vera Joci}" i "Dositej Obradovi}". Op{tinata Kisela Voda e lider vo vospostavuvaweto na regionalnata sorabotka so op{tinite Sopi{te, Studeni~ani, Zelenikovo i Ilinden. Ottuka proizleguvaat niza zaedni~ki aktivnosti i aplikacii za tenderi od razni dejnosti koi se od zaedni~ki interes. Vo zavr{na faza se podgotovkite za izrabotkata na lokalniot vesnik na op{tina-

with the excavated streets and improper road communications on the whole territory of the Municipality. After the announced tender invitation for reconstruction of the road DracevoLjubos, the construction work is expected to start on the beginning of 2006. In the beginning of December 2005 the reconstruction of the road Dracevo-Kitka started and its financial construction of 53 million denars is already closed. The street "Dracevska" was asphalted in length of 500 meters as well as the street "Sava Kovacevic" tang 15, while on the street Naum Ohridski were made new sidewalks. A new bus station was constructed in the settlement of Pripor on the street Sava Kovacevic, and in the complex "Pelagonija" on the street "Bihacka" was made a reconstruction of the street and sidewalks as well as a horticultural arrangement of the terrain. By donation and in the last phase is the realization of the sport center "Dracevo" in which are included football playground and basketball playground. Also diurnally are under reconstruction the public roads on the whole territory of the Municipality. The work is divided in to three phases, in the first phase the biggest holes in the settlements are fixed; the second phase is reconstruction of one part of the street while the third phase understands reconstruction of the entire streets. At present the entire territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda is under reconstruction of the street lightening. In the last period since the establishment of the Municipality of Kisela Voda one of the biggest problems was the lack of the parking space. So, the new municipal administration immediately started to solve this problem. After the elaborated projects in the first phase were constructed the parking places on the streets "Mihail Cakov", "Gjogji Sugare", "Puskinova", "Tome Arsovski", "Vera Jocic", and "Dositej Obradovic". The Municipality of Kisela Voda is a leader in connection of the regional cooperation with the municipalities of Sopiste, Studenicani, Zelenikovo and Ilinden. Thence, many activi-

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Ansambl "Tanec" The Ensemble "Tanec"

Ansambl "Kadi}oj" Istanbul - R. Turcija The Ensemble " Kadikoy" Istanbul - R. of Turkey

Me|unaroden karate turnir -"Mava{i"-2005 An international tournament - "Mavasi" - 2005

Gradona~alnikot Xorxe Arsov i pretsedatelot na Sovetot Miroslav Tasevski so borcite i penzionerite od n. "Pr`ino" The Mayor Dzordze Arsov and the President of the Council Miroslav Tasevski with the warriors and pensioner from the s. "Przino"

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ta Kisela Voda. Op{tina Kisela Voda otvori svoja veb stranica (www.kiselavoda.gov.mk), a vo tekot na oktomvri i noemvri startuva{e i proektot za izu~uvawe na angliski jazik i kompjuteri za site nevraboteni, studenti i socijalni slu~ai. Vo realizacija e oglasot (konkursot) za mladi arhitekti i umetnici koi na teritorijata na op{tinata }e imaat mo`nost da go iska`at svojot talent. Predvideni lokacii za ovoj proekt se "Parkot vo Dra~evo" kade vo tek e izgradba na sportski kompleks, a me|u drugoto se predviduva izgradba na plo{tad i dislokacija na spomenikot na padnatite braniteli. Na Prvomajska vo (parkot pred kulata) se predviduva izgradba na skulptura po povod 50 godi{ninata na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Treta lokacija, predvidena za mladite arhitekti i umetnici e "Mostot kaj Dra~evo" kade na konkursot }e se izbira najdobar proekt za rekonstrukcija i dooformuvawe. Op{tina Kisela Voda go dobi proektot donacijata na UNDP koj se odnesuva za vrabotuvawe na mladi visoko stru~ni kadri vo firmi koi egzistiraat vo Op{tina Kisela Voda. Proektot }e trae tri meseci a vedna{ paralelno so proektot }e se realizira i idejata za formirawe na Lokalno biro za vrabotuvawe. Op{tinata Kisela Voda vo ramki na svoite mo`nosti donira{e sredstva za opo`arenite. Vo sorabotka so OBSE i policiskata stanica na Kisela Voda go realizira proektot "Zbli`uvawe na gra|anite so lokalnata samouprava". Toj proekt opfati teoretska i prakti~na edukacija na gra|anite vo delot na za{tita od po`arite. Godinava op{tinata Kisela Voda odbele`uva 50 godini od svoeto postoewe. Po toj povod realizira Sve~ena akademija vo domot na ARM i pritoa dodeli 70 priznanija i plaketi. Me|u slavenicite se: ansamblot Tanec, akademik Nikola Kqusev, Darko Pan~ev, Petar Naumoski, Simon Trp~eski, Van~o Karanfilov i porane{niot germanski ambasador vo Republika Makedonija Hans Lotar [tepan. Od oblasta na sportot posebno zna~aen za odbele`uvawe e tradicionalniot me|unaroden karate turnir na karate klubot "Mava{i", koj pod pokrovitelstvo na Op{ti-

ties and tender applications for activities that are of mutual interest came out. In the last phase are the preparations for the local news paper of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. The Municipality of Kisela Voda has opened its web site (w.w.w. kiselavoda.gov.mk), and in October and November started the project for learning the English language and computers, for all those who are unemployed, students or social cases. At the moment the announcement for young architects and artists who will have the opportunity to present their talent on the territory of the municipality is undergoing. The predicted locations for this project are the "Park in Dracevo" where at present the sport complex is under construction, and also here it is predicted a construction of a square and dislocation of the memorial of the fallen defenders. On the street "Prvomajska" (in the park in front of the tower) it is predicted a th construction of a sculpture on occasion of 50 anniversary of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. The third location predicted for the young architects and artists is the "Bridge at Dracevo" and on the open competition will be select the best project for reconstruction and final designing. The Municipality of Kisela Voda won the project, donation by UNDP, about employment of young highly educated cadres in companies that work on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. The duration of the project is three months and parallel with the project we are realizing the idea for establishment of a Local Employment Bureau. The Municipality of Kisela Voda in accordance with its capacities donated assets for the people desolated by fire. In cooperation with OBSE and with the police station in Kisela Voda the municipality realized the project "Close cooperation of the citizens with the local government". This project concerns theoretical and practical education of the citizens for fire protection. This year the Municipality of Kisela Voda celebrates 50 years of its establishment. On that occasion it was organized a "Formal academy" in the House of ARM where 70 acknowledgements and acquaintances were awarded.

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na Kisela Voda se odr`a vo tekot na noemvri vo sportskata sala vo "Dra~evo". Na dosega navedenite proekti se nadovrzuvaat tri novi koi se vo faza na realizacija. Posebno zna~ajna manifestacija za celata Op{tina be{e postavuvaweto na kamen temelnikot na kulturno-verskiot rekreativen centar "Tri Kru{i" vo s. Dra~evo. Vo prvata faza, po pat na donacii, obezbedena e izgradbata na manastirot Sv Petka, izgradba na golem krst, hortikulturno oblikuvawe i obezbeden pristap (skali, pat i voda do poso~enata lokacija). Op{tinata Kisela Voda e glaven pokrovitel na gostuvaweto na profesionalniot Ansambl za narodni pesni i igri Kadi}oj, od Istanbul ­ Republika Turcija. Vo delokrugot na me|unarodnata sorabotka so op{tinata Kadi}oj, ovoj profesionalen Ansambl odr`a koncerti vo Valandovo, vo Bitola, vo Skopje i vo Ohrid. Na koncertot {to se odr`a vo vo Domot na ARM vo Skopje na 31 oktomvri 2005 godina, u~estvo zede Ansablot "Tanec" i specijalniot gostin Suzana Spasovska. So donacija na Op{tinite Kisela Voda i Centar, pri krajot na noemvri 2005 godina, povtorno, sega simboli~no, se krena legendarnata "Rampa", koja dolgi godini pretstavuva{e granica na Op{tinata Kisela Voda so Op{tina Centar. Proektot be{e realiziran so prigodna programa i so masovno u~estvo na mesnoto naselenie od dvete Op{tini. Inaku, improviziranata "Rampa" e prototip so isti dimenzii na onaa koja so godini bila glaven orientir na op{tinata Kisela Voda. Rampata e postavena na istoto mesto kade so godini bila locirana no so soodvetni dopolnitelni pridru`ni proektni re{enija koi go razubavija i oplemenija ovoj prostor. Vo ~est na 50 godi{ninata od postoeweto na Op{tina Kisela Voda i dr`avniot praznik Ilinden osum~lenata alpinisti~ka ekspedicija na gra|anskoto zdru`enie Matka - veterani, predvodena od iskusnite alpinisti Slobodan Trpevski i Jovan Poposki, na 22 juli 2005 godina go zapo~naa 15 dnevnoto evropsko pate{estvie za osvojuvawe na pove}e evropski vrvovi. @elbata {to podosto50 GODINI

Among the awarded were: the Ensemble Tanec, Academic Nikola Klusev, Darko Pancev, Petar Naumovski, Simon Trpcevski, Vanco Karanfilov and former German Ambassador in the Republic of Macedonia Hans Lotar Stepan. As very important thing to mention is the traditional international carate tournament "Mavasi". A general sponsor of this tournament was the Municipality of Kisela Voda. With the above mentioned projects are complementing and are in the final phase are three more new projects. For the Municipality was very important the manifestation for the beginning of the construction of the cultural ­ religious and recreation center "Tri krusi" in the v. Dracevo. In the first phase, by donations, it is provided the construction of the monastery of Ss. Petka, the construction of the cross, horticultural arrangement and accses to the location (stairs, road and water). The Municipality of Kisela Voda is a general sponsor of the guests from the professional Ensemble for folk songs and dances Kadikoy, Istanbul ­ Republic of Turkey. On the occasion of the international cooperation with the Municipality of Kadikoy, this Ensemble held concerts in Valandovo, Bitola, Skopje and Ohrid. th On the concert that was held on 29 October 2005 in the House of ARM in Skopje, the Ensemble "Tanec" participated and the special guest Suzana Spasovska. By donation of the municipalities of Kisela Voda and Centar in November 2005, again, symbolically was elevated the legendary feature "Rampa" which for a long period presented a border line between the municipalities of Kisela Voda and Centar. The project was realized with suitable programme and with mass participation of the local population from both of the municipalities. The improvised "Rampa" is a prototype with the same dimension of the real one, which for many years was a main orienteer of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. The "Rampa" is located on the same spot where was standing for years but with additional project solutions which improved this terrain. On occassion of the 50 years of the establishment of the Municipality of Kisela Voda and the state holiday "Ilinden" an eight memeber

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Slika 43. Slobodan Trpevski so znameto na Op{tina Kisela Voda na vrvot Mont Blan-2005 god. Photo 43. Slobodan Trpevski with the flag of the Municipality of Kisela Voda on the top of Mount Blan - 2005 year

instveno da se proslavi 50 godi{ninata od formirawewto na Op{tina Kisela Voda i golemiot makedionski praznik Ilinden, ovaa hrabra alpinisti~ka grupa, po izrazito te{ki vremenski uslovi, uspea da se iska~i i da gi razvee znamiwata na Op{tina Kisela Voda i na Republika Makedonija na najvisokite vrvovi vo Evropa: Mon Blan, Dufur, Glosglokner i Materhorn ovoj alpinisti~ki potfat be{e logisti~ki poddr`an i sponzoriran od Op{tina Kisela Voda. Site ovie impozantni aktivnosti na gradona`alnikot i novata op{tinska edministracija se dovolen indikator deka Op{tina Kisela Voda vo naredniot period }e se razviva so u{te pozabrzano tempo, a se vo interes i za op{toto dobro na gra|anite na Op{tinata i na na{ata dr`ava.

alpinist expedition, from the citizen association Matka ­ veterans, leaded by expirienst alpinists Slobodan Trpevski and Jovan Popovski, on 22 of July 2005 year started the 15 days europian journey for concordation of several european mountain tops. The wish to celebrate the fifty years of establishment of the Municipality of Kisela Voda as well as the state holiday "Ilinden", this brave alpinist group under the bad wheater conditions succseded to climb on and to fly the flags of the Municipality of Kisela Voda and of the Republic of Macedonia on the highest mountain tops in Europe: Mon Blan, Dufur, Gloskglokner and Materhon. This alpine climber movement was supported and sponzored by the Municipality of Kisela Voda. All this imposing activities of the Mayor and the new municipal administration is an important indicator which shows that the Municipality of Kisela Voda in the following period will be developing much faster and in interest of the citizens of the Municipality and our country.

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Slika 44-45. Panorami na naselbata Kisela Voda. Photo 44-45. Panorama of the settlement of Kisela Voda

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IV. RAZVOJOT NA OP[TINATA KISELA VODA

1. Ekonomski razvoj

Kisela Voda pretstavuvala eden od retkite op{tinski centri vo Makedonija koj za kus period po Vtorata svetska vojna do`iveal ekspanzija vo svojot sevkupen razvoj, a posebno na stopanski plan. Vo godinite pred osnovaweto na Op{tinata vo 1955 godina ova podra~je se karakteriziralo so slaba materijalna osnova vo stopanstvoto, so dominantna zastapenost na zemjodelstvoto, so ekstenziven nazaden na~in na stopanisuvawe, so niska stru~no-obrazovna struktura na naselenieto. Po~etnite promeni {to gi do`ivuvala Op{tinata vo postojaniot porast na materijalnata osnova i unapreduvaweto na tehni~ko-tehnolo{koto nivo na proizvodstvoto gi sozdavale osnovnite preduslovi za razvoj i na drugite op{testveni dejnosti. Vo ovoj period do 1957 godina na podra~jeto na Op{tina Kisela Voda pozna~ajni industriski objekti bile fabrikata za cement "Usje" i fabrikata za staklo. Zasileniot industriski razvoj na Op{tina Kisela Voda po 1955 godina pridonel okolu 35% od vkupnite industriski kapaciteti na Skopska okolija da se nao|aat na podra~jeto na ovaa Op{tina. Toa se prete`no industriski granki od oblasta na nemetalite, hamiskata, industrijata za grade`ni materijali, tekstilnata, prehranbenata i tutunskata industrija, {to pretstavuvalo zna~ajno jadro i osnova od zna~ewe ne samo za op{tinata Kisela Voda i gradot Skopje, tuku i za Republika Makedonija. Vo periodot do 1965 godina do{lo do kvalitativni pomestuvawa na industriskite objekti i drugite stopanski pretprijatija na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Tuka

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IV. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF KISELA VODA

1. Economy development

Kisela Voda is one of the rare municipal centers in Macedonia that for short period, after the Second World War, had an expansion in its development, especially on economic level. In the years before the establishment of the Municipality, in 1955 year, this region was characteristic by low material base in the economy, with domination of the agriculture, with recessive way of economy and low educational structure of the population. The first changes that were made in the Municipality, in the constant growth of the material base and development of the technicaltechnology level of the production, created the basic conditions for development of other social activities. In this period till 1957 year on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda more important industrial capacities were the cement factory "Usje" and the glass factory. The huge industrial development of the Municipality of Kisela Voda after the 1955 year, contributed 35% of the industrial capacities from the region of Skopje to be located in the region of this Municipality. Most of them are branches from the nonmetal, chemical and constructive materials industry, than textile, foodstuff and tobacco industry, which was an important core and base not only for the Municipality of Kisela Voda and the city of Skopje, but also for the Republic of Macedonia. In the period till 1965 year, were made quality moving of the industrial capacities and other economy organizations on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. This concerns the construction of the new industrial capacities of which more important were: Glass factory, cement factory "Usje", electro-mechanic run "Rade Koncar", chemical combine "OHIS",

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Slika 46. Tri ^e{mi - po~etokot na istorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Photo. 46. Three Fountains- the beginning of the history of the Municipality of Kisela Voda

PESNA ZA OP[TINA KISELA VODA

Od Rampa pa do Dra~evo, od Sopi{te do prugata, se prostira najstarata Op{tina Kisela Voda. Vo manastirot "Sv. \or|ija", kaj ~e{mite na ledinata, se sobrala mladinata ja napravi op{tinata. Ej... ~uvajte ja op{tinata, taa vi e idninata, so starite familii Dimi{kovi, Fenerovci i Veli~kovi. Tekst: Risto Sokolovski ~len na Sovetot na OKV Muzika: Traj~e Edinski-Beli~

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A SONG FOR THE MUNICIPALITY OF KISELA VODA

From Rampa to Dracevo, from Sopiste to the railway spreads the oldest, Municipality of Kisela Voda. In the monastery of "St. Gorgija", on the fountains on the lawn, the youth was gathered and made the municipality. Hey... save the municipality, It's your future, with the old families of Dimiskovi, Fenerovci and Velickovi. Text: Risto Sokolovski Member of the Council of MKV Music: Trajce Edinski-Belic

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pred s# se misli na izgradbata na novite industriski objekti od koi pozna~ajni bile: Staklarnicata, Cementarnicata "Usje", Elektroma{inskiot industriski pogon "Rade Kon~ar", Hemiskiot kombinat OHIS, Fabrikata za kozmetika i sapuni "Cvetan Dimov", Industrijata za grade`ni materijali, tekstilnite fabriki "Mirka Ginova", "Progres" i "Crvena Zvezda", Fabrikata za plasti~ni masi "Violeta" i drugi pretprijatija. Kako rezultat na ovie pozitivni promeni industrijata stanala primarna oblast vo stopanstvoto na ovaa Op{tina, koja bitno vlijaela na raste`ot na ekonomskiot potencijal. Vo vkupnite investicii vo stopanstvoto na Op{tina Kisela Voda samo vo periodot od 1956 do 1964 godina za razvojot na industrijata bilo investirano 72% od vkupnite investicii, {to uka`uva deka na industrijata vo Op{tina Kisela Voda i bilo dadeno prvostepeno zna~ewe. Gledano vo celina, od vkupnite investicii vo obnovata na industrijata na nivo na

cosmetic and soup factory "Cvetan Dimov", constructive materials industry, textile factories "Mirka Ginova", "Progres" and "Crvena Zvezda", plastic materials factory "Violeta" and other organizations. As a result of this positive changes the industry became an primary branch in the economy of this Municipality, which had an important influence in the growth of the economy potential. From all of the investments made in the economy of the Municipality of Kisela Voda, only in the period from 1956 to 1964 year, in the industry development were invested 72% from the total investments, which pointed out that it was given a paramount importance to the industry of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. From the total investments made, on the level of the city of Skopje, in the industry restoration 53,2% were split in the Municipality of Kisela Voda. As a result of this investments in the period of 1956 to 1965 year as well as starting of the new industrial capacities, the industrial production was raised for 11,3 times

Slika 47. Fabrikata za cement Usje vo sedumdesettite godini od minatiot vek. Photo 47. The cement factory Usje in the seventy years of the past century

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grad Skopje, na industrijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda otpa|ale duri 53,2%. Kako rezultat na ovie vlo`uvawa vo periodot od 1956 do 1965 godina i na pu{taweto vo pogon na novoizgradenite industriski kapaciteti industriskoto proizvodstvo bilo zgolemeno duri za 11,3 pati so godi{na stapka na porast od 16,9, a samo vo vtoriot period 1961-1965 godina prose~nata stapka na porastot iznesuvala duri 20,2%, {to pretstavuva visok dostrel na stopanskiot razvoj. Efektite od vakviot zabrzan industriski i voop{to stopanski razvoj pridonele vo ovoj period da se vrabotat novi 10.370 lica. Ovie podatoci sami po sebe dovolno jasno go ilustriraat i potvrduvaat naglasenoto tempo na stopanskiot i nestopanskiot razvoj na Op{tina Kisela Voda, a posebno razvojot na industrijata, grade`ni{tvoto i trgovijata od oblasta na stopanskite dejnosti, a od oblasta na nestopanskite dejnosti obrazovanieto, naukata, kulturata i op{testveno-politi~kite zaednici. Rezultatite od dinami~nite zbidnuvawa vo stopanstvoto bile zgolemena materijalna osnova na Op{tinata, so {to se otvorale mo`nosti za pogolema akumulacija na kapitalot, kako i podobruvawe na standardot i `ivotnite uslovi na naselenieto. Najgolemi investicioni vlo`uvawa vo periodot 1966 - 67 godina bile vo oblasta na industrijata, a pred s# vo doizgraduvaweto i pro{iruvaweto na industriskite pogoni na Hemiskiot kombinat OHIS, Elektro-ma{inskite pogoni "Rade Kon~ar", vo Cementarnicata "Usje", Tutunskiot kombinat - Skopje, vo Elektrostopanstvoto i vo drugi industriski objekti. Site ovie vlo`uvawa imale pozitivno vlijanie vo porastot na proizvodstvoto, na vrabotenosta i `ivotniot standard na naselenieto. Vo ovoj period, pokraj industriskiot razvoj, naglasen razvoj imalo i grade`ni{tvoto, posebno od stanbeno-komunalnata dejnost niz izgradbata na novite naselbi Aerodrom i Jane Sandanski, kako i niz novoizgradenite objekti vo naselbite Kisela Voda, Prolet, Dra~evo, Crni~e itn. Vo periodot od

with annual growth rate of 16,9, and in the second period from 1961 to 1965 year the average growth rate was 20,2% which was a great accomplishment in the economy development. The effects of this fast industrial and economy development contributed, in that period, to be employed new 10.370 persons. This data clearly illustrates and confirms the emphasized tempo of the economy and non economy development of the Municipality of Kisela Voda, especially of the economy branches such is a development of the industry, construction and trade, and from non economy branches education, science, culture and socio-political communities. The results, of the dynamic actions in the economy were, raised material base of the Municipality by which were opened opportunities for bigger accumulation of the bankroll as well as rising of the standard and live conditions of the population. The biggest investments in the industry were made in the period from 1966-67, for construction and expansion of the industrial runs of the chemical combine OHIS, electro-mechanic runs "Rade Koncar", cement factory "Usje", Tobacco Combinate - Skopje, electric power management and other industrial capacities. All this investments had a positive influence in the growth of the production, employments and life standard of the population. The biggest investments in period from 1966-67 were made in industry, construction and expansion of the industrial runs of the Chemical combine OHIS, Electro machine runs in "Rade Koncar", Cement factory "Usje", Tobacco Combinate ­ Skopje, electricity industry and etc. All this investment has a positive influence in the growth of the production, employment and lives standard of the population. In this period, beside industrial development, was also developing the construction industry especially residential-communal activity by construction of the new settlements of Aerodrom and Jane Sandanski as well as the construction of the new structures in the settlements of Kisela Voda, Prolet, Dracevo, Crnice and e.t.c. In the period from 1987 to 1990 not

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only the industrial development was falling off, but also the industrial production, for 4,9%, in 1989, especially in the chemical industry which until than had 51% from total industrial production in the Municipality. Analogically to this stagnations without new possibilities for inventions, in 1989 started to grow the problem with unemployment which resulted with reduction of 4% of employments in the economy and caused failing off the life standard. These negative movements were as a result of the big economy crises not only in the Municipality of Kisela Voda but on the territory of Macedonia and Slika 48. Pogon za gravirawe kristal vo porane{nata staklarnica Skopje. other republics from the former Photo 48. Krystal engaraving run in the former glass facory Skopje Yugoslav Federation. In conditions of disturbed and complicated economy situation, such is the transition of the economy, from society companies into private, contributed for the negative tread of the development, bankrupt procedures, increasing of the unemployment and social problems. On account of this, many of the activities were pointed in solving of the actual matters related to the sanitation of the loss in the enterprises as well as the financial consolidation of the economy. Beside this, several working organizations during this transitional period had a great loss by which after the bankrupt procedure they were closed. This refers to the Industry for glass and glass fibres "Skopska staklarnica", textile industry "Mirka Ginova", confection "Progres", Factory for knitted goods and socks "Crvena Zvezda" and others. Several years ago, because of the great loss, the chemical factory for production of the polyesters fibers "Hemteks" was liquidated. That contributed many workers from this Municipality to Slika 49. OHIS Skopje. became unemployed and without elementary Photo 49. "OHIS"- Skopje assts for existence.

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1987 do 1990 godina do{lo ne samo do namaleno tempo na industriskiot razvoj, tuku i do opa|awe na industriskoto proizvodstvo za 4,9%, osobeno vo oblasta na hemiskata industrija, koja dotoga{ u~estvuvala so 51% od vkupnoto industrisko proizvodstvo vo Op{tinata. Analogno na ovie izvesni stagnirawa i nemawe mo`nost za novi investicii, vo 1989 godina zapo~nal da se zaostruva problemot so nevrabotenosta, odnosno do{lo do opa|awe na vrabotenosta vo stopanstvoto za 4%, {to predizvikalo opa|awe i na `ivotniot standard. Ovie negativni dvi`ewa bile rezultat na prodlabo~enata i zaostrenata ekonomska kriza ne samo vo op{tinata Kisela Voda, tuku i vo cela Makedonija i vo ostanatite republiki na porane{nata jugoslovenska federacija. Vo uslovi na poremetena i slo`ena ekonomska sostojba, kako i samata tranzicija na stopanstvoto od op{testveno vo privatno, pridonese za pojava i na negativna stapka na razvojot, ste~ajni postapki, zgolemuvawe na nevrabotenost i socijalni problemi. Poradi toa golem del od aktivnostite bea naso~eni kon razre{uvawe na aktuelnite pra{awa povrzani so sanirawe na zagubite vo pretprijatijata i finansiska konsolidacija na stopanstvoto. I pokraj toa, nekolku rabotni organizacii vo ovoj tranzicionen period sozdadoa golemi zagubi, poradi {to po ste~ajna postapka i zgasnaa. Stanuva zbor za Industrijata za staklo i stakleni vlakna "Skopska staklarnica", za tekstilnata industrija "Mirka Ginova", konfekcijata "Progres", Fabrikata za trikota`a i ~orapi "Crvena Yvezda" i drugi. Poradi golemi zagubi pred nekolku godini be{e likvidirana i hemiskata fabrikata za proizvodstvo na poliestersko vlakno "Hemteks".So toa golem broj rabotnici od ovaa Op{tina ostanaa bez rabota i bez osnovni prihodi za egzistencija. Sepak i pokraj site negativni implikacii so racionalno rabotewe i pazarno prestrojuvawe, so pogolema fleksibilnost, preorientacija na proizvodstvoto i osvojuvawe novi pazari nekolku stopanski objek-

Beside all of the negative implications, by rational working and market changes, with bigger flexibility, transformation of the production and conquer of new markets, several economy capacities such is OHIS, Usje, Rade Koncar and others succeeded to go on. The biggest economy capacity in the Municipality, the Organic-chemical industryOHIS, in above mentioned period managed not only to survive but also to realize several important investments. Only in the last five years in this Stockholder Company were realized and put into function seven investment works. That was realized by their funds and because of the big rate of interest credit lines were not used. But as a reflection of the illiquidity of the Macedonian economy, in OHIS occurred the same problem and because of the low income of the assets the ongoing obligations of the enterprises were executed with great efforts. In this transitional period for the giant in the cement industry USJE, characteristic was the straightening of the economy activity, quality improvement of the production and conquer of new markets. Serious and hard economy conditions in the last few years (stagnation of the investments lost of the markets, sanctions, blockades and increased transport expenses for import of the raw materials and spare parts) didn't avoid the cement factory. And in those conditions the Cement factory USJE, by rational working and thrift, achieved solid balance between the usage of the capacities, sale of the products and realizing of satisfactory financial results. By economic working they managed to provide their own assets to invest in the automation of the production process. The investments in the ecology programs in amount of 15.000.000$ didn't pass over. To achieve the development program as well as the complete usage of the incorporated capacities and increasing of the export, the cement factory USJE in accordance with the trade companies Law started to work with the Greek firm "Tinan Holderbank", which as a strategy partner and with buying of 50% of the shares became an owner of the company. The

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Slika 50. Del od naselbite Kisela Voda i Aerodrom so novata `elezni~ka stanica. Photo 50. One part of the settlements of Kisela Voda and Aerodrom with the new railway station

ti, kako {to se OHIS, USJE, Rade Kon~ar i drugi, uspeaja da se odr`at na noze. Najgolemiot stopanski kapacitet vo op{tinata, Organsko-hemiskata industrija OHIS, vo navedeniot period uspea ne samo da obezbedi opstanok, tuku realizira{e i nekolku zna~ajni investicii. Samo vo izminatite pet godini vo ova akcionersko dru{tvo se ostvareni sedum investicioni zafati koi se staveni vo funkcija. Seto toa be{e izvedeno od sopstveni fondovi, a kreditni linii ne se koristeni, poradi golemite kamati. Me|utoa, kako odraz na nelikvidnosta na makedonskoto stopanstvo i vo OHIS se javuva ovoj problem, taka {to, poradi nedovolniot priliv na sredstva, tekovnite obvrski na pretprijatieto se podmiruvaat so golemi te{kotii. Vo ovoj period na tranzicija, karakteristi~no i za gigantot na cementarskata industrija kaj nas USJE, be{e zajaknuvawe50 GODINI

Greek owners plan to provide technologic equipment for the cement factory as well as to maintain the continuation of good production. The successful transformation, of the working organization "Rade Koncar"- Apparatus technique, which in 1991 was separated from the Holding ­ company from Zagreb, provided their constitution as an independed company. In a short period it became a Stakeholder company and in 1997 in accordance with the Law for transformation of the enterprises with social assets was constituted as a Stakeholder limited liability company. Unfortunately on the edge of the survival was "Makedonija Tabak",an export-import organization which for several decades had developed successful business relations in many countries, became appreciated by all of the partners and had achieved a world reputation. But, because of the loss in the working, in 2000 a bankrupt procedure was opened and imme77

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to na stopanskata aktivnost, kvalitetnoto podobruvawe na proizvodstvoto i osvojuvaweto novi pazari. Seriozno obremenite uslovi za stopanisuvwe vo poslednite nekolku godini (so zastoj vo investiciite, so gubewe na sigurni pazari, so sankcii, blokadi i zgolemeni transportni tro{oci za uvoz na repromaterijali i rezervni delovi) ne ja zaobikolija i fabrikata za cement. I vo takvi uslovi, so racionalno rabotewe i ekonomi~nost Cementarnicata USJE postigna solidna vramnote`enost me|u iskoristenosta na kapacitetite, plasmanot na proizvodite i ostvaruvaweto na zadovolitelni finansiski rezultati. So doma}insko rabotewe se uspealo da se obezbedat i sopstveni sredstva za investirawe vo avtomatizacijata na procesite na proizvodstvoto. Ne izostanaa nitu vlo`uvawata vo ekolo{kite investicioni programi vo iznos od 15.000.000 $. Za da se obezbedi zacrtanata razvojna

diately after that the company was closed. The total shareholder capital, of this most successful firm in the tobacco business in the country, was taken over by the new established firm "Makedonija Tabak 2000", which at that time was facing with strikes that were much emphasized in 2002. According to the strikers their share capital was illegally transferred into other firms. So, the working of this tobacco company was very questionable. After the independence of the Republic of Macedonia many small and medium size enterprises were working successfully by which the big problem of unemployment was balanced. We should mentioned some of them: "Bujoto" one of the first Macedonian private company with 55 employers with great professionalism and top technology in production of all kind of furniture and decorations; "Ino spektar" with modern technology for production of soft drinks; "Centro Union" with production of washing machines ­ Favorit; "Vatrostalna" with con-

Slika 51. Trafostanica "Skopje 4" - Pintija. Photo 51. Electricity convey "Skopje 4" - Pinitija

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programa, kako i za pocelosno iskoristuvawe na vgradenite kapaciteti i zgolemen izvoz, Cementarnicata USJE, vo soglasnost so Zakonot za trgovski dru{tva, po~na da raboti so gr~kata firma "Titan-Holderbank", koja kako strategiski partner stana i sopstvenik otkupuvaj}i pove}e od 50% od akciite. Gr~kite gazdi planiraat obezbeduvawe na tehnolo{ka opremenost na cementarnicata, kako i odr`uvawe na dobar proizvodstven kontinuitet. So uspe{noto transformirawe opstojuvawe obezbedi i rabotnata organizacija "Rade Kon~ar" - Aparatna tehnika, koja vo 1991 godina se razdru`i od Holding-kompanijata od Zagreb i se konstituira kako samostojno pretprijatie. Nabrgu stana i Akcionersko dru{tvo, a vo 1997 godina se usoglasi so Zakonot za transformacija na pretprijatija so op{testven kapital i se konstituira kako Akcionersko dru{tvo so ograni~ena odgovornost. Za `al vo nemirnite vodi na opstojuvaweto se najde "Makedonija-Tabak" izvoznouvozna organizacija koja nekolku decenii ima{e razvieno uspe{ni delovni vrski so mnogu zemji, so {to se zdobi so svetsko renome i stana ceneta kaj site partneri. No, poradi projavenite zagubi vo raboteweto vo 2000 godina za nea be{e otvorena ste~ajna postapka, a vedna{ potoa prestana da raboti. Sevkupniot akcionerski kapital na ovaa porano najuspe{na firma vo tutunskiot biznis vo zemjata go prezede novoformiranata firma "Makedonija tabak 2000", soo~uvaj}i se so {trajkovi i drugi previrawa, koi osobeno dojdoa do izraz 2002 godina. Spored {trajkuva~ite, bil izvr{en nelegalen transfer na nivniot akcionerski kapital vo drugi firmi. Poradi seto toa stana sosema neizvesna sudbinata na ovaa tutunska ku}a. Po osamostojuvaweto na Republika Makedonija uspe{no rabotea pove}e mali i sredni pretprijatija, so {to se ubla`i i golemiot problem na nevrabotenosta. Da navedeme nekoi od niv: Fabrikata za mebel "Bujoto", edna od prvite makedonski firmi vo privatna sopstvenost so 55 vraboteni, so istaknata delovnost i vrvna tehnologija na proiz-

struction and maintains of heat- technical plants; " Transped Komerc"- international freight forwarding and transport; "Neokom" with new modern business center; "Imperijal komerc"; "Semos", "Novus", "Zlatna raka" and others. Good result has shown the modern silo with mill of "Zito luks", the medicine herbs collecting run of "Alkaloid" and others. In this period certain expansion had the Institute of promotion of the economy, but in the latest period the organization confronted with loss in the working and questionable future. In this area with variety success was working the ZTP maintains run "Vleca". We should mentioned that in the latest period on the line from the cement factory USJE to the settlement of Dracevo, on the left and right side of the street "Prvomajska" the new industrial zone of the Municipality of Kisela Voda is under construction. A large number of ware houses, light industry factories, car wash services and etc. are already constructed. With the new General urbanity plan of Skopje and creation of the detailed plan, this industrial zone is expected to be constructed by previous planning. Although relatively small part of the municipal land is good for raising of agricuture cultures, only the villages of Upper Lisice and Dracevo have cultivated land where mostly were planted early spring garden and cereal cultures, fruit-growing cultures and etc. For the development of the stock farming were opened several farms for milking cows and "mezdri". On the territory of the Municipality many commercial objects are constructed, and a great contribution for the general development of the trade by quality and assortment have the following trade center complexes: "Biser", "Tri biseri", "Skopjanka", "Kisela Voda", "Rampa" and super markets "Vero", "Tineks" and "Skopski pazar" which for five years have been showing great results in all areas of working. New markets were opened by "Kam", "Tediko" and "Upi". Couple of modern residential structures was opened but the hotels of "Borec" and "Mavrovo" did not satisfy the needs. The natural beauty of Vodno, Kadina reka, Kitka, the impos-

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vodstvo na site kategorii mebel i dekoracii, "Ino-spektar" - so sovremenite pogoni za proizvodstvo na bezalkoholni pijaloci, "Centrounion" - so proizvodstvo na ma{ini za perewe "Favorit", potoa "Vatrostalna" - so izgradba i odr`uvawe na toplo-tehni~ki postrojki, "Tran{ped-komerc" - me|unarodna {pedicija i transport, "Neokom", so nov moderen deloven objekt, "Imperijal-komerc", "Semos", "Novus", "Zlatna Raka" i drugi. Dobri rezultati poka`uvaa i sovremeniot silos so melnica na "@ito luks", pogonot na bilkarstvo na "Alkaloid" i drugi. Vo ovoj period izvesna ekspanzija ima{e i Zavodot za unapreduvawe na stopanstvoto, no vo posledno vreme dojde do previrawe vo kolektivot so zagubi vo raboteweto i otvoreno pra{awe za idninata. Vo ova podra~je so promenliv uspeh rabote{e i pogonot na @TP za odr`uvawe "Vle~a". Da napomeneme i toa deka vo posledno vreme na potegot od cementarnicata USJE kon naselbata Dra~evo, od leva i desna strana na ulicata "Prvomajska", se podiga nova industriska zona vo op{tinata Kisela Voda. Ve}e se izgradeni golem broj magacini, fabriki za lesna industrija, servisi za miewe avtomobili i sli~no. So noviot Generalen urbanisti~ki plan na Skopje i izrabotkata na Detalen plan se o~ekuva ovaa industriska zona da se osmisli so planska izgradba. Inaku relativno mal del od op{tinskoto zemji{te e namenet za odgleduvawe poljodelski kulturi, a obrabotlivo zemji{te ima samo vo selata Gorno Lisi~e i Dra~evo, kade {to najmnogu se odgleduvaat gradinarski i `itni kulturi, ovo{tarnici i sli~no. Za razvoj na sto~arstvoto otvoreni se nekolku farmi za molzni kravi i mezdri. Na podra~jeto na Op{tinata

Slika 52. Noviot objekt na "Mobimak" vo Kisela Voda. Photo 52. New structure of "Mobimak" in Kisela Voda

Slika 53. Po{tata vo naselba Dra~evo. Photo 53. The post office in the settlement of Dracevo

Slika 54. Stanica za tehni~ki pregled. Photo. 54. Technichal revision station

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izgradeni se i pogolem broj trgovski objekti, a poseben pridones za op{t razvoj na prometot, kako po kvalitet, taka i po koli~estvo na stoki, imaat kompleksite na trgovskite centri: "Biser", "Tri biseri", "Skopjanka", "Kisela Voda", "Rampa" i super marketite "Vero", "Tineks" i "Skopski Pazar", koi ve}e pet godini bele`at natprose~ni rezultati vo site sferi na raboteweto. Novi marketi otvorija i "Kam", "Tediko"i "Upi". Otvoreni se i pove}e moderni ugostitelski objekti, me|utoa namenskite hoteli "Borec" i "Mavrovo" ne gi zadovoluvaat potrebite. Prirodnite ubavini na Vodno, Kadina Reka i Kitka, impozantnosta na Markoviot manastir i drugi znamenitosti davaat mo`nosti i za pobrz razvoj na turizmot. Vo celina zemeno so registrirani 13.632 delovni subjekti, Op{tina Kisela Voda se nao|a na vtoro mesto vo Republika Makedonija, vedna{ zad op{tinata Centar. Vo Op{tina Kisela Voda evidentni se naporite za za~uvuvawe na prirodnite bogatstva, na vozduhot, vodata i po~vata. Vo interes na sega{nite i idnite generacii realizirani se pove}e proekti za za{tita na `ivotnata sredina. Ova e mo{ne zna~ajno ako se ima predvid deka na podra~jeto na Op{tinata rabotat dve industriski `ari{ta - OHIS i Cementarnicata USJE, koi sozdavaat seriozni problemi vo `ivotnata sredina za zdravjeto na naselenieto. Del od proizvodstvenite procesi vo ovie pretprijatija predizvikuvaa zagaduvawe na vozduhot, po~vata i na podzemnite vodi, kako i na rekata Vardar. So izgradba na filtri vo Cementaricata, kako i so nekolku zafati vo Organskohemiskata industrija "Naum NaumovskiBor~e", se ostvaruva pogolema za{tita na `ivotnata sredina. Elektrolizata, kako golem zagaduva~ vo sistemot na OHIS, ve}e e zatvorena, a so izgradbata na pre~istitelnata stanica za otpadni vodi, za {to se vlo`eni 4.500.000$, be{e ovozmo`ena pogolema za{tita i za~uvuvawe na `ivotnata sredina i na rekata Vardar.

ing Markov monastery and other sites provide the opportunity for faster development of the tourism. The Municipality of Kisela Voda with registered 13.632 business subjects is on the second place, after the Municipality of Centar, in the Republic of Macedonia. In the Municipality of Kisela Voda the efforts for protection of the natural treasures, of the air, water and soil are evident. On behalf of the further generations many projects for protection of the environment are realized. This is very important concerning the fact that on the territory of the Municipality is working two industrial capacities ­ OHIS and cement factory USJE, which create serious problems to the environment and to the health of the population. One part of the production processes in these enterprises causes contamination of the air, soil, underground water and of the river of Vardar. By construction of the filters in the cement factory and with several actions of the Organic- chemical industry "Naum Naumovski Borce" was accomplished a bigger protection of the environment. The electrolysis as a great contaminator in the system of OHIS is already closed and by construction of the treatment plant for waste water, on which were invested 4.500.000$, was provided bigger protection of the environment and of the river Vardar. Each year with local ecology plan on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda activities were made for improvement of the quality of the environment and creation of healthy and productive life in harmony with the nature. th On that occasion on the "6 of May - Gurgovden"- the patron day of the Municipality and on th the 5 of June ­ the World day of ecology, traditionally there are actions for revival of the green surfaces, for wood planting, collection of old paper and packages, cleaning of the dumps and etc. Also there were tribunes organizaed for rising the public awareness of the importance of the ecology and on making habits for clean and healthy environment.

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So lokalniot ekolo{ki plan sekoja godina na podra~jeto na Op{tina Kisela Voda se prezemaat aktivnosti za podobruvawe na kvalitetot na `ivotnata sredina, za sozdavawe zdrav i produktiven `ivot vo harmonija so prirodata. Taka, vo presret na "6ti Maj- \ur|ovden" - denot na Op{tinata i na 5-ti Juni - Svetskiot den na ekologijata, tradicionalno se odr`uvaat akcii za obnovuvawe na zelenite povr{ini, za po{umuvawe, za sobirawe stara hartija i ambala`a, za otstranuvawe na deponiite i sl. Se odr`uvaat tribini za podigawe na javnata svest na gra|anite za zna~eweto na ekologijata i za gradewe naviki za ~ista i zdrava sredina.

2. Agriculture, stock - farming and forestry

The agriculture in the Municipality of Kisela Voda was an important source, which provided the city population, with agricultural and farmer productions as well as contents the need of the manufacture industry, especially foodstuff industry. Agriculture as an important economy branch, before the liberation and immediately after that, is gradually failing off in comparison with the industry which had a great development. Passing of the one part of the agricultural population into the industry and to other economy branches is a positive process, if that is in the reasonable frame, which means not to neglect and leave the village as a main source, of the city population, with the agricultural and foodstuff productions. The intensive migration of the rural population to the city and to the European and other oversea countries were as a result of a minor attention of the government, especially after the limitation, trough many law measures and deci-

2. Zemjodelstvo, sto~arstvo i {umarstvo

Zemjodelstvoto vo op{tinata Kisela Voda pretstavuvalo zna~aen izvor za obezbeduvawe na naselenieto od gradot so zemjodelski i sto~arski proizvodi, kako i za pot-

Slika 55. Pazarot vo naselba ta Dra~evo. Photo 55. The market in the settlement of Dracevo

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rebite na prerabotuva~kata industrija, a pred se za prehranbenata. Od zna~ajna stopanska granka do osloboduvaweto i neposredno po nego zemjodelstvoto se nao|a vo postepeno opa|awe za smetka na industrijata koja bila vo oseten razvoj. Preminuvaweto na del od zemjodelskoto naselenie vo industrijata i drugite stopanski granki e pozitiven proces ako toa se dvi`i vo ramkite na normalata, no ne i negovo zapostavuvawe i napu{tawe na seloto kako glaven izvor i snabduva~ na gradskoto naselenie so zemjodelski prehranbeni proizvodi. Zasilenata migracija na selskoto naselenie kon gradot, pa i napu{taweto i iseluvaweto vo evropskite i prekuokeanskite zemji, bile rezultat na nedovolnoto vnimanie na organite na vlasta, osobeno na negovoto ograni~uvawe niz pove}e zakonski merki i re{enija, kako {to bil na primer Zakonot za agrarnata reforma, so koja se ograni~il zemji{niot maksimum na privatniot posed od 10 hektari vo nizinskite i 15 hektari vo ridskoplaninskite predeli. Konfiskacijata, voveduvawe na zadru`niot sistem, kolektivizacijata i drugi prisilni merki, kako i nedovolnata povrzanost so patnata mre`a do selata, nerealniot dano~en sistem i sli~no isto taka pridonele da se zabrza procesot na praznewe na selata, posebno od ridskoplaninskite predeli. Duri i vo op{testveniot sektor na zemjodelstvoto, a posebno vo privatniot, bil izrazen procesot na opa|awe so isklu~ok na Zavodot za ovo{tarstvo "Ivo Lola Ribar" i zemjodelskite zadrugi "Sloboda" i "Meris", koi poka`uvale se u{te pozitivni rezultati. Selskoto naselenie {to ostanalo da egzistira na selo postepeno gi namaluvalo zaseanite povr{ini so `itni kulturi i se orientiralo prete`no kon podohodovnoto ranogradinarsko i lozaro-ovo{tarsko proizvodstvo. So promenite na ekonomskata struktura na naselenieto zabele`livo bilo osetnoto opa|awe na zemjodelskoto naselenie. Op{tinata Kisela Voda raspolaga so 34.053 hektari zemjodelska povr{ina, od koja 15.292 hektari e obrabotliva povr{ina,

sions, for an example the Law for agricultural reform, by which the maximum private land property was limited to 10 hectares in the lowlands regions, and 15 hectares in the mountain regions. The confiscation, the co-operative system, the collectivization and other forced measures, as well as the bad connections of the roads with the villages, bad tax system and etc. contributed in the process of fast migration from the villages, especially from the mountain regions. Even in the social section of the agriculture, especially in the private, the process of declination was significant, except for the Institute of fruit-growing "Ivo Lola Ribar" and agricultural communities "Sloboda" and "Meris" which still had positive results. The rural population that still live in the villages gradually started to reduce the sowing of the land with the cereals and turned to the more profitable early gardeners and viticulturists- fruit growing production. With the changes of the economy structure of the population it was noticeable the huge reduction of the agricultural population. The Municipality of Kisela Voda has 34.053 hectares of agricultural land of which 15.292 hectares was a cultivated land, 18.742 hectares were graze land and 20 hectares were bogs and swamps. From total cultivated land 2.827 hectares were in the public section and 12.465 hectares were in the individual section. According to the statistical data from 2003 year, on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda were sow the following cultures: cereal, barley, corn, potato, onion, bean, garlic, pea, cabbage, tomato, pepper, melon, live-stock food and etc. From the fruit tree-trunks were raised the following fruit trees: cherries, mahaleb cherry, peaches, quince, plums, apricot, almonds, walnut while much more land was sowed with quality viticulture. From all of this fruit treetrunks and viticulture the total annual production on the level of the Municipality of Kisela Voda is 10.465 tones. According to the fact that the Municipality of Kisela Voda have the basic conditions for development of the agricultural production and sale of its products in Skopje,

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18.741 ha se pasi{ta i 20 ha se bari i mo~uri{ta. Od vkupnata obrabotliva povr{ina, 2.827 hektari se vo op{testveniot sektor, a 12.465 hektari vo individualniot sektor. Spored statisti~kite podatoci, od 2003 godina na terenot na Op{tina Kisela Voda se zaseani slednive kulturi: p~enica, ja~men, p~enka, kompir, kromid, grav, luk, gra{ok, zelka, domati, piper, bostan, dobito~na hrana itn. Od ovo{nite stebla se odgleduvaat slednive ovo{ni drvja: cre{ni, vi{ni, kajsii, duwi, slivi, praski, orevi, bademi, dodeka na pogolemi povr{ni se zasadeni i kvalitetni lozovi nasadi. Od site ovie ovo{ni stebla i lozja vkupnoto godi{no proizvodstvo na nivo na Op{tina iznesuva 10.465 toni. Trgnuvaj}i od realnosta deka op{tinata Kisela Voda gi ima osnovnite preduslovi za razvoj na zemjodelskoto proizvodstvo i posiguren plasman na svoite proizvodi vo Skopje kako golem potro{uva~ki centar, nedovolno se iskoristeni zemjodelskite potencijali vo zemjodelskite obrabotlivi povr{ini, a posebno vo stepenot na iskoristenosta na rabotnata sila na selskoto naselenie. Sto~arstvoto vo Op{tina Kisela Voda vo op{testveniot sektor bele`i oseten porast i iznesuva 58%, dodeka kaj individualniot sektor ima izvesno opa|awe na odgleduvaweto na krupen dobitok, a sviwarstvoto i `ivinarstvoto bele`at izvesen porast. Vo posledno vreme pogolem interes se pojavuva za odgleduvawe na p~eli. So {umarstvoto vo Op{tina Kisela Voda stopanisuva {umskoto stopanstvo "Karaxica", koe vo svoite planski zada~i ne samo {to vodelo smetka za racionalna se~a na {umite, tuku i vodelo planomerna politika i gri`a za nivno obnovuvawe.

Slika 56. Stara gradska ku}a. Photo 56. Old city house.

as a great consumptive center, the agriculture potentials of the cultivated land are not sufficiently used especially not in the ration of the used labor force of the rural population. The stock-farming in the Municipality of Kisela Voda, in the public section, notices great increase of 58% while the individual section notices small decrease in the raising of the bovine cattle but the pig-breeding and poultry farming have certain increscent. In the latest period there is a great interest for apiculture. With the forestry in the Municipality of Kisela Voda ménages the forestry organization "Karadzica" which with its plans took care for the rational cuttings of the woods and also had a planning policy for its revival.

3. Grade`ni{tvoto i stanbeno - komunalnata izgradba

Pokraj izgradbata na industriski i drugi stopanski objekti, zna~ajno vnimanie od grade`nata dejnost mu bilo posveteno i na prostornoto {irewe na Op{tinata so iz-

3. Civil-work and residentionalcommunal construction

Beside the construction of the industrial and other economy structures a great attention was given to the spatial expansion of the Municipality by construction of the new residen-

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gradba na novi stanbeni naselbi, ulici, pati{ta, so instalirawe na nova vodovodna i kanalizaciona mre`a itn. Zgolemuvaweto na grade`nata inicijativa pridonelo da se osovremeni grade`nata operativa, da se zgolemuva brojot na grade`nite organizacii i brojnata sostojba na vrabotenite. Posebno vode~ko mesto vo grade`nata operativa vo zemjata imale grade`nite organizacii Pelagonija, Mavrovo, Granit, Beton, Ilinden, Tehnika i drugi, koi otvorile i sprovele {irok front vo oblasta na stanbeno-komunalnata izgradba vo naselbite Kisela Voda, Prolet, Vardar, Ostrovo, Aerodrom, Jane Sandanski, Novo Lisi~e s# do seloto Gorno Lisi~e. Na 16 i 17 noemvri 1962 godina Skopje go zafati golema poplava. Nadojdeniot Vardar najnapred se izli od koritoto vo s. G. Lisi~e, a potoa i vo zemjodelskoto stopanstvo "Ostrovo". Nasipot {to ja obezbeduva{e `elezni~kata pruga Skopje - Belgrad pomogna da ne se poplavat naselbite "Prolet" i "Ostrovo", kako i ostanatiot del od Kisela

Slika 57. Visokokatnica na ul. "Prvomajska". Photo 57. Tower on the street "Prvomajska".

Slika 58. Novogradba na ul. "Sava Kova~evi}". Photo 58. New structure on the street "Sava Kovacevic"

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Voda. Na podra~jeto na Op{tinata od poplavata bea zagrozeni 679 semejstva so 2590 ~lenovi. Uni{teni bea i golem broj ulici i trotoari, ptt vrskite, elektri~nata instalacija i kanalizacijata. Po ras~istuvaweto na posledicite od poplavata za gradba na idnite stanbeni kompleksi bea odredeni Slika 59. Kejot pokraj r. Vardar - Aerodrom. lokaciite vo Pr`ino, Gorno Photo 59. The quay on the river Vardar - Aerodrom. Lisi~e i naselbata "11 Oktial settlements, streets, roads, installation of tomvri" vo Kisela Voda. new water and sewerage system and etc. The Na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voincrescent of the civil work initiative contributed da bile podignati slednite naselbi: naselwith modernization of the civil ­ work, increscent of the number of the civil-work organizations and the number of employments. Leaders, in the construction work in the country, were this organizations Pelagonija, Mavrovo, Granit, Beton, Ilinden, Tehnika and others, which gave and conduct huge contribution in the area of residential-communal construction in the settlements of Kisela Slika 60. Parkot vo Novo Lisi~e. Photo 60. The park in "Novo Lisice". Voda, Prolet, Vardar, Ostrovo, Aerodrom, Jane Sandanski, bata Dra~evo ja izgradila operativata na SR Srbija i vo nea se smestile 20.000 `iteli; naselbata Lisi~e za 10.000 `iteli ja podignala grade`nata operativa na SR Crna Gora; naselbata Aerodrom za 10.000 `iteli ja podignala grade`nata operativa na JNA; naselbite Vodno, Pr`ino i Pintija gi podignala grade`nata operativa na SR Makedonija. Paralelno so izgradbata na ovie objekti se nametnuvala potrebata i od izgradba na nova vodovodna i kanalizaciona mre`a, ulici i pati{ta za povrzuvawe na novite naselbi so op{tinata Kisela Voda i gradot Skopje.

Slika 61. Parkot vo Dra~evo. Photo 61. The park in Dracevo.

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Pokraj izgradbata i pro{iruvaweto na industriskite pretprijatija, vo periodot od 1976 do 1990 godina na podra~jeto na Op{tinata bile izgradeni i pove}e novi naselbi od tvrda gradba, me|u koi najgolema i najzna~ajna bila naselbata Aerodrom, Jane Sandanski, Lisi~e pa s# do seloto Gorno Lisi~e, {to kako urbana i prostrana sredina, po obem i po `iteli, pretstavuva vistinski grad od tri povrzani naselbi. Spored popisot od 2002 godina Op{tina Kisela Voda imala 42.514 stanovi i ku}i 2 so 292.7826 m stanbena povr{ina. Od niv vo privatna sopstvenost bile 41.394, vo dr`avna 354 i vo druga sopstvenost 706 stanovi. Po naselbi sostojbata bila sledna: vo G. Lisi~e `iveele 18.223 `iteli vo 5.484 stanovi i ku}i; vo D.Lisi~e `iveele 2.440 `iteli vo 834 ku}i; vo n. Dra~evo `iveele 10.605 `iteli vo 3.431 stanovi i ku}i; vo s.Dra~evo `iveele 8.641 `iteli vo 3.128 ku}i; vo s.Usje `iveele 845 `iteli vo 253 ku}i i vo ostanatiot del na op{tinata `iveele 84.625 `iteli smesteni vo 29.384 stanovi i ku}i.

4. Zanaet~istvo, trgovija i ugostitelstvo

Zanaet~istvoto kako stopanska granka na podra~jeto na Op{tina Kisela Voda pretstavuvalo pomo{na dejnost {to ja pomagala i nadopolnuvala industrijata ne samo so svoeto proizvodstvo za industriskite potrebi kako uslu`no grade`ni~ko zanaet~istvo, tuku i so obezbeduvawe i izvr{uvawe na remontni popravki i odr`uvawe na industrijata. Iako zanaet~istvoto pretstavuvalo rasitneta dejnost, sepak go nadopolnuvalo industriskoto proizvodstvo so onie proizvodi koi bile barani vo pomali koli~ini i istovremeno imale proizvoden i uslu`en karakter. Tuka posebno se misli na razvojot na zanaet~istvoto na podra~jeto na op{tina Kisela Voda. Nakuso re~eno, zanaet~istvoto, posebno od uslu`no-grade`nite dejnosti, bilo vklu~eno vo site grade`ni zafati

Novo Lisice, up to the village of Upper Lisice. th th On 16 and 17 November 1962 Skopje was overflowed. At first the river Vardar drained from its river bad near the village of U. Lisice and than in the agriculture economy "Ostrovo". The embankment of the railway station SkopjeBelgrade helped not to be overflowed the settlements of "Prolet" and "Ostvovo" as well as other parts of Kisela Voda. On the territory of the Municipality 679 families with 2590 members were jeopardized by the flow. A great number of streets and sidewalks, postal - connections, electricity and sewerage were destroyed. After cleaning of the consequences made by the flow the locations in Przino, Upper Lisice and in the settlement 11 October in Kisela Voda were predicted for construction of the future residential complexes. On the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda were built the following settlements: the settlement Dracevo was constructed by the civil-work of SR Srbija and was inhabited by 20.000 people; the settlement of Lisice, for 10.000 people, was built by the civil-work of SR Crna Gora; the settlement Aerodrom, for 10.000 people, was built by the civil ­work of YNA; the settlements of Vodno, Przino and Pintija were built by the civil-work of SR Macedonia. At the same time with the construction of this structures was inflicted the need for construction of new water and sewerage system, streets and roads to connect the new settlements with the Municipality of Kisela Voda and with the city of Skopje. Beside the construction and increscent of the industrial enterprises, in the period from 1976 to 1990 on the territory of the Municipality were built many new settlements among which the biggest and most important were the settlements of Aerodrom, Jane Sandanski, Lisice up to the village of Upper Lisice, and as an urban environment, with great population, represents real town made by three connected settlements. According to the roster from 2002 the Municipality of Kisela Voda had 42.514. residential structures and houses with residential sur-

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od oblasta na stopanstvoto, a posebno vo stanbeno-komunalnata izgradba vo Op{tina Kisela Voda. Pobrz razvoj na zanaet~istvoto bil naglasen po 1959 godina, koga bile izvr{eni pogolemi investicioni vlo`uvawa vo izgradbata na novi zanaet~iski kapaci-

face of 292.7826m . 41.394 of them were in private property, 354 state property and 706 other kind of property. The situation in the settlements was the following: in U. Lisice lived 18.223 people in 5.484 flats and houses; in L. Lisice lived 2.440 people in 834 houses; in the settlement of Dracevo lived 10.605 people in 3.431 flats and houses; in the village of Dracevo lived 8.641 people in 3.128 houses; in the village of Usje lived 845 people in 253 houses and in the other part of the Municipality lived 84.625 people in 29.384 flats and houses.

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4. Craftwork, trade and hostelling

The craftwork, as an economy branch on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda, is an activity that helped teti i vo rekonstrukcijata na pogolem del od and complemented the industry not only with postojnite. its production for the needs of the industry, as Vo individualniot ili privatniot seka service-construction craftwork, but also by tor egzistirale 52 vidovi zanaeti, a vo opproviding and executing of the repair work and maintain of the industry. Although the craftwork was a divided activity still complemented the industrial production with those products that were needed in smaller amounts and at the same time had a production and service character. This concerns the development of the craftwork on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. The craftwork, without service and building activities, was included in all of the construction works in the economy, especially in the residential-communal construction of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. Faster development of the Slika 63. Trgovski centar Kisela Voda. Photo 63. Trade center Kisela Voda. craftwork was noticed after the

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Slika 64. Diskont Tineks. Photo 64. The discount of Tinex.

{testveniot sektor 19, od koi pozna~ajni bile stolarskiot, bravarskiot, vodoinstalaterskiot, molero-farbarskiot, zidarskiot, parketarskiot, pe~atarskiot i drugi. Ugostitelstvoto kako stopanska granka bilo na mo{ne nisko nivo vo odnos na drugite oblasti od stopanstvoto na podra~jeto na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Toa bilo rezultat pred s# na slabata akumulativnost. Investiraweto vo razvojot na trgovijata bilo naso~eno vo re{avawe na pova`nite problemi kako izgradbata na proda`en i na magacinski prostor. Za zadovoluvawe na potrebite na potro{uva~ite i na stopanstvoto, bile izgradenii sovremeni prodavnici i stokovni ku}i vo gradot i vo prigradskite naselbi. Me|utoa, nekoi zabele`itelni i zna~ajni podobruvawa vo osposobuvaweto na kadarot i opremenosta ne bile napraveni, osobeno vo sozdavaweto na {iroka modernizirana mre`a na trgovski objekti, nivna specijaliziranost i snabdenost so asortiman i kvalitet {to bi gi zadovolil potrebite na naselenieto. Pokraj vnatre{nata, od nadvore{nata trgovija pozna~ajni bile trgovskite organizacii "Avto Makedonija", "Vardar uvoz-izvor", "Inter-impeks" i drugi pomali organizacii. Spored posledniot popis od 2002 godina, na terenot na Op{tina Kisela Voda rabotele vkupno 13.632 delovni subjekti i toa:

1959 when bigger investments were made in the construction of the new craftwork capacities and in the reconstruction on the larger part of the old capacities. In the individual or private section existed 52 kinds of craftworks and in the public section 19 of which more important were joinery, locksmiths work, waterworks, brick work, parquetry work, printing and etc. The hostelling as an economy branch was on a very low level in comparison with the other economy branches on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda. This was as a result of a low accumulatively. The investments in the development of the trade were pointed in solving of more important problems such is construction of the sale and ware house space. To fulfill the needs of the consumers and of the economy, in the city and in the suburbs were built new shops and molls. But, some important improvements in the qualification of the cadre and instruments were not made, especially in creation of wise and modern system of commercial structures, their specialty and supply with range and quality that will satisfy the needs of the population. Beside internal trade, more important commercial organizations were doing an export trade: "Avto Makedonija", "Vardar uvoz-izvoz", "Inter-impeks", and other smaller organizations. According to the latest roster from 2002 on the territory of the Municipality of Kisela Voda were working 13.632 business associations of which were enterprises, trade companies, agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing firms, firms for mining and quarrying, firms of manufacturing industry, for electricity, gas and water supply, were construction firms, wholesale and retail trade, services and etc.

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pretprijatija, trgovski dru{tva, firmi od zemjodelstvoto, {umarstoto, lovot i ribolovot, firmi za vadewe na ruda i kamen za, firmi od prerabotuva~kata industrija, od snabduvawe so elektri~na energija, gas i voda, od grade`ni{tvoto, od trgovijata na golemo i malo, servisi i uslugi i.t.n.

5. Improvement of the quality of the environment

The larger part of the area of Municipality Kisela Voda territorially started to expand after The Second World War, especially after the catastrophic earthquake in 1963 in Skopje. In this area, the rail-line Skopje­Veles crosses through, but there is no main road, just regional ones. The arrangement and regulation of the neighborhoods and alleys started five decades ago, together with the introducing and expanding of the water supply and sewage system and electrification. After the earthquake, the new settlements "Lisiche", "Drachevo", "Przhino", "11 Oktomvri" were formed, and in the last three decades, the housing construction was mainly performed in "Aerodrom", "Novo Lisiche", "Rasadnik" and other locations. Today, Municipality Kisela Voda is adorned by modern infrastructure with urban units, in which better life and development conditions are being created everyday. The suitable location enabled intensive housing construction, but also creation of new city centers with their unique pulse of life. One of the more urbanized settlements in Skopje is the settlement "Jane Sandanski". Here, on a surface of few square kilometers of the previous "Aerodrom", a new contemporary city is constructed with over 60.000 citizens. Mainly young people live in this elite settlement, and the high level of urbanity and the good supplying system enables fast way of living. Representing especially urbanized and economically connected unit in the frames of Municipality Kisela Voda and the city Skopje, this contemporary settlement as an urban whole has a lot of housing blocks and buildings with the required green spaces, children's playgrounds, schools, trade centers, supermarkets and restaurants, and with numerous cafés. Due to the violated safety of the pedestrians on the boulevard "Jane Sandanski" near the TC "Biser" a new pedestrian above passage is being planned to be built, together with escalators, shopping areas, passages for handi-

5. Podobruvawe na kvalitetot na `ivotnata sredina

Pogolemiot del od prostorot na Op{tina Kisela Voda teritorijalno po~nal da se {iri po Vtorata svetska vojna, a osobeno po katastrofalniot skopski zemjotres vo 1963 godina. Vo ova podra~je minuva `elezni~ka linija Skopje - Veles, no vo patniot soobra}aj ne postoi glaven pat, tuku samo regionalni. Ureduvawetgo na maalata i sokacite zapo~na u{te pred pet decenii, se voveduva{e i se {ire{e vodovodnata i kanalizacionata mre`a, elektrifikacijata. Po zemjotresot se formiraa i novite naselbi "Lisi~e", "Dra~evo", "Pr`ino", "11 Oktomvri", a vo poslednite tri decenii stanbenata izgradba glavno be{e locirana vo "Aerodrom", "Novo Lisi~e", "Rasadnik" i drugi lokacii. Denes Op{tinata Kisela Voda ja krasi moderna infrastruktura, so urbani celini vo koi od den na den se sozdavaat podobri uslovi za `ivot, no i za razvoj. Pogodnata mestopolo`ba ovozmo`i intenzivna stanbena izgradba, no i sozdavawe novi gradski stanbeni centri so svoj puls na `ivot. Edna od pourbaniziranite naselbi vo Skopje e n. "Jane Sandanski". Ovde na povr{ina od nekolku kvadratni kilometri na nekoga{en Aerodrom e podignat nov sovremen grad so nad 60.000 `iteli. Vo ovaa elitna naselba `iveat glavno mladi lu|e, a visokourbaniziranosta i dobrata snabdenost ovozmo`uvaat brzo tempo na `iveewe. Pretstavuvaj}i posebno urbanizirana i ekonomski povrzana celina vo ramkite na Op{tina Kisela Voda i gradot Skopje, ovaa sovremena naselba kako urbana celina ima

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Slika 65. Nikola Kqusev, prviot premier na nezavisna i suverena Makedonija so papata Jovan Pavle 2. Photo 65. Nikola Kljusev the first Prime minister of independent and sovereign Macedonia with the pope John Paul II.

mnogu stanbeni blokovi i zgradi, so zadol`itelno zelenilo, detski igrali{ta, u~ili{ta, so trgovski centri, supermarketi i restorani, kako i so mnogubrojni kafuliwa. Poradi naru{enata bezbednost na pe{acite na bulevarot "Jane Sandanski" kaj TC "Biser" se planira da se izgradi pe{a~ki nadzemen premin, so eskalatori, proda`ni prostori, rampi za hendikepirani lica, kako i kula visoka sedum metri kako eden vid vlezen portal so restoran. So Detalniot urbanisti~ki plan nasproti "Biser" e predvideno da se izgradi i kulturen dom, so teatar, kino sala i amfiteatar, a nadzemniot pe{a~ki premin treba da gi povrzuva dvata objekta. Za seto toa se ~uvstvuva evidentna potreba. Na Ilinden 2003 godina startuva{e izgradbata na crkvata "Sv. Ilija" vo naselbata "Aerodrom". Hramot vo tekot na 2004 i prvata polovina na 2005 godina e celosno podignat i pokrien, ostanuvaat samo da se

capped people, and also a tower, seven meters high, as a kind of entrance portal with a restaurant. There is a project in the Detailed Urban Plan for building a new culture center across TC "Biser", with theatre, movie theatre and amphitheatre, and the pedestrian above passage should connect the two facilities. There is an apparent necessity for all of this. In the settlement "Aerodrom", on Ilinden 2003, started the construction of the church "S. Ilija". During 2004 and the first half of 2005, the temple is fully raised and covered, only few minor construction operations remain to be made, and also interior decorating. The temple together with the bell tower and the christening chapel is built on a surface of 140 square meters and 16 meters height, and it is covered with copper. Similar religious objects are planned for building in "Novo Lisiche" and "Rasadnik". In 2001, the bridge "Bliznak" on the river Vardar was released in the traffic circulation,

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dovr{at u{te pomali zafati vo grade`nata dejnost, kako i vnatre{noto dekorirawe. Hramot e izgraden na povr{ina od 140 kvadratni metri i viso~ina od 16 metri, pokrien e so bakar, so kambanarija i kr{telnica. Sli~ni verski objekti planirano e da se izgradat vo Novo Lisi~e i Rasadnik. Vo 2001 godina be{e pu{ten vo soobra}aj mostot "Bliznak" na rekata Vardar, so {to be{e otstraneto tesnoto soobra}ajno grlo me|u naselbite "Jane Sandanski" i "Avtokomanda". [to e mo{ne va`no, zapo~na i se zavr{i osovremenuvaweto na kejot na rekata Vardar od novata @elezni~ka stanica do mostot "Bliznak". Na ovoj na~in `itelite na ovaa naselba dobija sovremeno {etali{te i rekreativna pateka. Pokraj poplo~uvaweto na patekata, na Kejot se postaveni klupi, kanti za otpadoci, kandelabri, a se zasadeni i pogolem broj mladi drvca. Me|utoa, toa ne e seta ubavina {to ja krasi naselbata. Na samiot po~etok, u{te vo 1981 godina be{e predadena vo upotreba novata @elezni~ka stanica. Podignata kaj naselbite "Prolet" i "Vardar", po proekt na poznatiot japonski arhitekt Kenzo Tange, taa pleni so svojata grandioznost i ubavina. No2 vata @elezni~ka stanica so svoite 10.000 m go zafa}a centralniot del na monumentalniot Transporten centar i e opremena so najsovremeni elektri~ni signali i drugi informacioni i komunikaciski vrski. Samata platforma e izdignata na deset metri na visoko armirano-betonski stolbovi i pretstavuva vlezna porta na naselbata "Jane Sandanski". Vo avgust 2003 godina zapo~na i gradbata na me|ugradskata avtobuska stanica i stanicata za me|unaroden paten prevoz, kako i po~etna stanica za pove}e gradski i prigradski linii kako del od sovremeniot transporten centar. Novata avtobuska stanica be{e predadena vo upotreba na 13 noemvri 2004 godina na Denot na osloboduvaweto na Skopje. Vo 2005 godina e pu{ten vo promet i mostot preku rekata Vardar, koj e dolg 126m, {irok 24m, preku koj avtobusite doa|aat od Sajmi{te vo novata stanica, so

with which the narrow traffic passage between the settlements "Jane Sandanski" and "Avtokomanda" was removed. What is more important, it began and ended the modernization of the quay of river Vardar, from the new Train Station to the bridge "Bliznak". In this way, the inhabitants of this settlement gained contemporary walking area and recreational pathway. In addition to the pavement of the pathway, new benches, trashcans and lights were placed on the Quay, and many young trees were planted. But, this is not all the beauty that graces the settlement. In the early beginning, in 1981 the new Train Station was put in use. It is built near the settlements "Prolet" and "Vardar", as a project of the famous Japanese architect Kenzo Tange, and it captivates with its grandiose and beauty. The new Train Station with its 10.000 square meters spreads through the central part of the monumental Transport Center and it is furnished with the most modern electrical signals and other informational and communicational links. The platform itself is raised ten meters above on a high ferroconcrete pillars and represents an entrance gate to the settlement "Jane Sandanski". In august 2005, also began the construction of the interurban bus station and the station for international travel, as a starting station for many city lines and as a part of the modern transport center. The new bus station was put in use on 13 November 2004 - on the Skopje Liberation Day. In 2005, the bridge across the river Vardar, which is 126m long and 24m wide, was released in circulation. It is a passage for the buses that come from Sajmishte to the new station, with which the traffic at Bit Pazar and Sudska Palata was disburdened. Also as a composite part of The Transport Center are the Main Post and 30 stores along with 1,050 square meters of functional surface. In any case, in the last fifteen-year period in the area of Municipality Kisela Voda many actions were undertaken for improving the civil infrastructure such as asphalting the streets and the roads, arranging the green surfaces and environmental maintaining of the surround-

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Slika 66. Simon Trp~evski ja prima muzi~kata nagrada od britanskiot prestolonaslednik ^arls. Photo 66. Simon Trpcevski excepting the music award from the British prince Charles.

{to se rastovari soobra}ajot kaj Bit Pazar i Sudska palata. Sostaven del na Transportniot centar e i glavnata Po{ta kako i 30 2 du}ani so 1.050 m korisna povr{ina. Vpro~em, vo izminatiot petnaesetgodi{en period na podra~jeto na op{tina Kise50 GODINI

ing, for expanding the water-supply, sewage and heating system, and similar. Efforts were made for meeting the needs of the citizens. Even a practice was introduced for constant considering of the written suggestions and remarks from the citizens and acquiring the

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la Voda bea prezemeni pove}e akcii za podobruvawe na komunalnata infrastruktura so asfaltirawe na ulici i pati{ta, ureduvawe na zelenite povr{ini i ekolo{ko za~uvuvawe na opkru`uvaweto, za pro{iruvawe na vodovodnata, kanalizacionata i toplifikacionata mre`a i sli~no. Se nastojuva{e {to pove}e da se zadovolat potrebite na gra|anite. Duri e vovedena i praktika pismenite predlozi i zabele{ki od gra|anite opstojno da se razgleduvaat so iznao|awe najsoodvetni re{enija. Od pregledot na aktivnostite na op{tina Kisela Voda vo ovoj izminat petnaesetgodi{en period za komunalnoto ureduvawe se istaknuva izgradbata na kanali za atmosferski vodi vo "Usje", "Kisela Voda", "Crni~e" i "Pr`ino", rekonstrukcija na bulevarot "12 Makedonska brigada", podigawe na nekolku skverovi za osovremenuvawe i razubavuvawe na prostorot, so klupi za odmor, detski rekviziti za igra, novi sadnici. Istovremeno bea prezemeni i akcii za re{avawe na komunalnite problemi vo mesnite zaednici "11 Oktomvri" - tvrda gradba i baraki, potoa vo "Gorno Lisi~e", vo "Pintija","Kisela Voda", "Usje", vo selo Dolno Lisi~e, kako i vo naselbata Dra~evo i selo Dra~evo. Ostvareno e i hortikulturno ureduvawe na prostori so poddr{ka i u~estvo na gra|anite, a vo ramkite na kontinuiranata sorabotka so gradinkite i osnovnite u~ili{ta postavena e urbana oprema i ureduvawe na dvorovite, poplo~uvawe na pateki i postavuvawe sportski rekviziti. Vo nekolku naselbi bea izgradeni i sovremeni detski igrali{ta, kako stranski donacii, no za nivno odr`uvawe e potrebna pogolema zaedni~ka gri`a. Izgradena e i pe{a~kata i velosipedskata pateka na bulevarot "Srbija", patot Pintija - Hemteks, ras~isteni se divi deponii na pove}e lokacii, a kaj sportskata sala na MZT e otvorena grade`na deponija. So prisoedinuvaweto na deponijata "Drisla" kon "Komunalna higiena" se o~ekuva da se podobri i javnata ~istota vo site naselbi vo op{tinata, a se prezemeni i merki

most suitable solutions. From the activities review of Municipality Kisela Voda for this last fifteen-year period outstands the building of atmospheric water canals in "Usje", "Kisela Voda", "Crniche" and "Przhino", the reconstruction of the boulevard "12 Makedonska Brigada", the construction of several public squares as a part of the activities for modernization and beautifying of the premises with resting benches, children's playing requisites, and new plants. At the same time actions were undertaken for solving the communal problems in the civil communities "11 Oktomvri" ­ hard construction and shacks, than in "Upper Lisiche", "Pintija", "Kisela Voda", "Usje", village "Lower Lisiche", as in the settlement "Drachevo" and village "Drachevo". A horticultural arranging of surfaces is realized with the support and participation of the citizens, and in the frames of the continuous cooperation with the kindergartens and primary schools urban equipment is placed and also arranging of the yards, paving the pathways, and placing sports requisites. In several settlements, modern children's playgrounds were built as a result of foreign donations, but their maintenance needs great joint care. Also, a sidewalk and bicycle path is built on the boulevard "Serbija", the road Pintija ­ Hemtex, unauthorized trash dumps are cleared on more locations, and a construction trash dump is opened near the sports hall MZT. With the conjoining of the trash dump "Drisla" towards "Komunalna Higiena" improvement of public hygiene is expected in all settlements in the municipality, and also certain measures are taken for surmounting the occurrence of unauthorized construction. If the illegal constructions fit into the General Urban Plan and the detailed plans for local regions, these constructions will be planned for legalization. Such old unauthorized constructions exsist in the area of Drachevo, Upper Lisiche, Lower Lisiche, and in some parts of Kisela Voda, Przhino, Pintija and others. In the next few years, Municipality Kisela Voda plans to take consistent care for further rising of the level of

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Slika 67. Dodeluvawe na Plaketa na porane{niot germanski ambasador vo R. Makedonija. Photo 67. Awarding of the former German ambassador in R. Macedonia.

za nadminuvawe na pojavata na bespravnata gradba. Dokolku se vklopat vo Generalniot urbanisti~ki plan i vo detalnite planovi za lokalnite reoni, se planira legalizacija na starite divogradbi vo Dra~evo, Gorno i Dolno Lisi~e, na delovi od Kisela Voda, Pr`ino, Pintija i drugi. I vo narednite godini e planirano vo Op{tina Kisela Voda da se vodi opstojna gri`a za natamo{no podigawe na nivoto na `iveewe so podobruvawe na kvalitetot na `ivotnata i rabotnata sredina.

life by improving the quality of living and working environment.

6. Population, education and employment

The entire area of Municipality Kisela Voda spread over 737 square kilometers and was one of the biggest municipalities in Skopje and in Macedonia. Macedonians, Turks, Albanians, Serbs, Roms, Bosnians, Vlahs and other nationalities lived in the area of Municipality Kisela Voda. This information not only shows the rapid increase of the population in Municipality Kisela Voda, it also shows the raised mechanical inflow of people who here found permanent and secure employment. More than half of the population fitted in the so-called group of work95

6. Naselenie, obrazovanie i vrabotenost

Vkupnata povr{ina na Op{tina Kisela Voda iznesuvala 737 kvadratni kilometri i spa|ala me|u najgolemite op{tini vo Skopje

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capable population, from 15 to 64-year age, one quarter fitted in the group of people from 1 to 14-year age, and the rest consisted of people above 65-year age or 6%. The structure of the population in Municipality Kisela Voda in reference to literacy and education according to the last census in 2002 looks like this: 229 are PhDs, 245 are Masters of Science, 7.578 are with university degree, 2.772 are with high education, 23.006 are with secondary education and 5.034 are Slika 69. Osnovnoto u~li{te vo s. Dra~evo (1923). with primary education. AccorPhoto 69. Primary school in the v. Dracevo. ding to the structure by qualifications: 1.590 are highly qualii vo Makedonija. Na podra~jeto na Op{tina fied, 6.033 are qualified, 1528 are half qualiKisela Voda `iveat Makedonci, Turci, Alfied, and 664 are unqualified. banci, Srbi, Romi, Vlasi, Bo{waci i drugi From the entire population in Municipality nacionalnosti. Kisela Voda with higher education are 10.914, Ovie podatoci ne samo {to go poka`uwith high education are 4.288, with secondary vaat nagliot porast na naselenieto vo Opeducation are 49.220, and with primary edu{tina Kisela Voda, tuku go poka`uvaat i zgocation are 19.826, with incomplete secondary lemeniot mehani~ki priliv na lu|e koi tuka education 7.095, without school preparation are nao|ale postojano i sigurno vrabotuvawe. 1.492 and unknown 231 citizens. Pove}eto od polovina od naselenieto otpaIn 1995, in the area of the municipality a |alo vo takanare~enata grupa rabotosposobMilitary Academy of Republic of Macedonia was no naselenie od 15 do 64-godi{na vozrast, edna ~etvrtina otpa|alo na lica od 1 do 14 godini vozrast, a ostanatite go so~inuvale lica nad 65 godi{na vozrast ili 6%. Strukturata na naselenieto vo Op{tina Kisela Voda po odnos na pismenosta spored posledniot popis od 2002 godina izgleda vaka: 229 se doktori na nauki, 245 se magistri na nauki, 7.578 se so visoko obrazovanie, 2.772 se so vi{o obrazovanie, 23.006 se so sredno obrazovanie i 5.034 so Slika 68. U~enici od OU "Rajko @inzifov" od naselba Dra~evo (1964). osnovno obrazovanie. Spored Photo 68. Students from the PS. "Rajko Zinzifov" in the settlement kvalifikuvanata struktura: of Dracevo.

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1.590 se visokokvalifikuvani, 6.033 se kvalifikuvani, 1528 se polukvalifiku-vani i 664 se nekvalifikuvani. Od vkupnoto naselenie vo Op{tina Kisela Voda so visoko obrazovanie se 10.914, so vi{o obrazovanie 4.288, so sredno obrazovanie 49.220, so osnovno obrazovanie 19.826, so nepotpolno sredno obrazovanie 7.095, bez {kolska podgotovka se 1.492 i nepoznato 231 `iteli. Vo 1995 godina na podra~jeto na op{tinata be{e formirana i Voenata akademija na Republika Makedonija, so {to se sozdade sopstven sistem za {koluvawe kadri za rakovodewe i komanduvawe so edinicite na ARM. Dve godini podocna zapo~na so rabota i {kolata za rezervni voeni stare{ini. Inaku, Voenata akademija e definirana kako visoko voena obrazovna i nau~no-istra`uva~ka dejnost vo na{ata dr`ava. Sistemot na voeno obrazovanie i obuka na stare{inite na ARM e vo intenziven razvoj i e spored standardite na NATO. Vo op{tina Kisela Voda raboti i kolexot "MM", prva privatna visokoobrazovna ustanova, kako administrativno-tehni~ko oddelenie na Me|unarodnata moskovska akademija za humanitarni i prirodni nauki. Na

Slika 70. OU "Partenie Zografski" . Photo 70. PS. Partenie Zografski.

Slika 71. OU "Kuzman Josifovski - Pitu". Photo 71. PS. Kuzman Josifovski Pitu.

formed, witch created an own system of educating the military personnel for instructing of and commanding with the military units of the Army of Republic of Macedonia (ARM). Otherwise, The Military academy is defined as a state institution that provides high military education and science-research practice. The system of military education and training of the ARM commanders goes through an intensive development and it operates according to the NATO standards. The College "MM" is also located in the Municipality Kisela Voda, and it is the first private highly educational institution, which is an administrative-technical department of the Moscow International Academy for social and humanitarian sciences. In 2003, 600 students enrolled in the first private university in three different departments: Banking management, European law and Law of the European Union, Diplomacy and International politics. The studies last four years and their academic diploma will be acknowledged in Macedonia, and through the International Academy "Knezovi Scherbatovi" in all those states with witch The Russian Federation has signed an agreement for cooperation in the sphere of high education. In the field of scientific activities, the Institutes for Mining and Chemistry, The Macedonian Informative Agency (MIA), The Institute "Open Society of Macedonia", The Macedonian Olympic Committee (MOK), the Society for Science and Art "Skopje" and other institutions also work in the area of the municipality.

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prviot privaten fakultet za op{testveni nauki vo 2003 godina se zapi{ani okolu 600 studenti vo tri nasoki: bankarski menaxment, evropsko pravo i pravo na Evropska unija i diplomatija i me|unarodna politika. Studiite }e traat ~etiri godini, so toa {to diplomite }e bidat priznati vo Makedonija, a preku me|unarodnata akademija "Knezovi [~erbatovi" i vo site onie drSlika 72. DSU "Vasil Antevski - Dren". `avi so koi Ruskata fePhoto 72. SHS "Vasil Antevski - Dren". deracija ima sklu~eno Anyhow, in the past development of the dogovor za sorabotka vo oblasta na visokoprimary, secondary and high education, as in to obrazovanie. the scientific activities, efforts were made for Na ova podra~je na poleto na nau~nite providing contemporary and qualitative teachdejnosti rabotat i institutite za rudarstvo ing, with utilization of all technical resources, i za hemija, a tuka se i sedi{tata na Makeinternet, cabinets, contemporary studying of donskata informativna agencija (MIA), na the world languages and similar. Institutot "Otvoreno op{testvo na MakedoAlso, progress is accomplished in the nija", na Makedonskiot olimpiski komitet expansion of the librarianship with the arrange(MOK), na Dr{tvoto za nauka i umetnost Skoment of library clones in the more important pje i drugi institucii. parts in the area of the municipality. Vpro~em, vo dosega{niot razvoj na Educative-social problems are solved osnovnoto, srednoto i visokoto obrazovanie, through social care, with a special accent put on kako i vo nau~nite dejnosti, se nastojuva{e the raising of the people consciousness about the da se obezbedi sovremena i kvalitetna nasfight against alcoholism, drug abuse and similar. tava, so primena na site tehni~ki pogodnosOn the territory of Municipality Kisela Voda ti, internet, kabineti, sovremeno izu~uvawe there are 5 secondary schools with 6.304 stuna svetski jazici i sli~no. dents, few special schools with 159 students and Progres e ostvaren i vo pro{iruvaweto one Christian Orthodox Secondary School with na bibliotekarstvoto, taka {to bibliote~ni 82 students. The most numerous, 15 in number, klonovi se rasporedeni re~isi vo site pozare the eight-year primary schools, were in na~ajni delovi vo podra~jeto na op{tinata. 11.195 pupils are being educated. Primary Vospitno-socijalnite problemi se reschools that are in the area of the Municipality {avani preku socijalnata za{tita, pri {to Kisela Voda are: "Nevena Georgieva ­ Dunja", posebna naglaska e davana i na podigaweto "Kiril Pejchinovik", "Partenie Zografski", "Kuzman na svesta na naselenieto za borba protiv Josifovski ­ Pitu", "Krume Kepevski", "Rajko alkoholizmot, drogiraweto i sl. Zinzifov", "Kuzman Shapkarev" and "Kliment Na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Ohridski" and others. Voda rabotat 5 sredni u~ili{ta so 6.304

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u~enici, nekolku specijalni u~ili{ta so 159 u~enici i edno Srednoto pravoslavno u~ili{te so 82 u~enika. Najbrojni, 15 na broj, se osnovnite osmogodi{ni u~ili{ta, kade{to nastava sledat 11.198 u~enici. Osnovni u~ili{ta koi se nao|aat na teritorijata na Kisela Voda se: "Nevena Georgieva - Duwa", "Kiril Pej~inovi}", "Partenija Zografski", "Kuzman Josifovski - Pitu", "Krume Kepevski", "Rajko @inzifov", "Kuzman [apkarev", "Kliment Ohridski", "Bra}a Miladinovci", "\or|ija Pulevski", "Quben Lape", "Lazo Angelovski" i dr. Vo predu~ili{nite organizacii i zabavi{ta pri osnovnite u~ili{ta se zgri`eni 3614 deca, od koi 49 vo jasli, 89 vo gradinki, 4 vo zabavi{ta vo predu~ili{nite organizacii i 28 vo zabavi{ta pri osnovnite u~ili{ta. Vo site ovie institucii se anga`irani 406 vraboteni. I pokraj naglaseniot stopanski razvoj, poseben problem vo op{tinata Kisela Voda vo osumdesettite godini pretstavuvala nevrabotenosta, osobeno na visokite stru~ni kadri od razni profili i nemo`nosta za nivno prifa}awe vo stopanskite i nestopanskite dejnosti. Toa osobeno do{lo do izraz vo periodot od 1986 do 1989 godina, {to bilo obusloveno od slabite mo`nosti za pogolemi investicii vo stopanstvoto. Toa bilo

In preschool organizations and elementary schools as a part of the primary schools, 3614 children are being taken care of, from which 49 are in nursery, 89 in kindergartens, 4 in elementary schools in preschool organizations and 28 are in elementary school as a part of the primary schools. 406 employees work in all of these institutions. Besides the emphasized economic development, a special problem in the eighties in the Municipality Kisela Voda was the unemployment, especially of the highly qualified individuals and the inability for their acceptance in the economic and non-economic activities. That condition especially manifested in the time period form 1986 to1989, which was conditioned by the pour prospects for bigger investments in the economy. That was the reason for widening of the economic crises, when the industrial production endured the biggest reduction, especially in the chemical industry for 4,9%. Parallel with that there was reduction of the employment for even 4%. These newly developed negative conditions in sloving the economic development in the years before the breaking of the former Yugoslav Federation reflected badly on all life areas in the non-economic, and especially in the economic activities and still last today without forecasting whether the stabilization and improvement of the standard will occur.

7. Development of the health and social care

The positive processes in the social-economic development of Municipality Kisela Voda created conditions and bigger opportunities for investments in the development and expansion of the system of health

Slika 73. Detskata gradinka"8-mi mart ". Photo 73. Kinder garden "8 Mart".

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pri~ina da dojde do prodlabo~uvawe na ekonomskata kriza, pri {to do najgolemo opa|awe do{lo vo industriskoto proizvodstvo, osobeno vo hemiskata industrija od duri 4,9%. Paralelno so toa do{lo do opa|awe i na vrabotenosta za duri 4%. Ovie novonastanati negativni sostojbi vo zabavuvawe na ekonomskiot razvoj vo godinite pred raspa|aweto na porane{nata jugoslovenska federacija nepovolno se odrazile vo site sveri na `ivotot vo nestopanskite, a posebno vo stopanskite dejnosti i trajat do denes bez da prognozirame koga }e dojde stabilizacijata i podobruvaweto na standardot.

7. Razvojot na zdravstvenata i socijalnata za{tita

Pozitivnite procesi vo op{testvenoekonomskiot razvoj na op{tinata Kisela Voda sozdavale uslovi i pogolemi mo`nosti za vlo`uvawa vo razvojot i pro{iruvaweto na mre`ata na zdravstvenite institucii, po~nuvaj}i od osnovaweto na zdravstveni stanici, ambulanti i poliklini~ki centri koi nudele pogolema opfatenost na naselenieto i poefikasna zdravstvena za{tita. Pokraj otvoraweto na novoizgradeni zdravstveni domovi i ambulanti, vo novoosnovanite naselbi se pro{iruvala i mre`ata na zdravstveni stanici i ambulanti, i vo selskite naselbi vo op{tinata, me|u koi pozna~ajni bile vo selata Rakotinci, Dra~evo, Koli~ani, Lisi~e i drugi, vo koi zdravstvena za{tita dobivale i gra|anite od pomalite sela {to se nao|ale vo nivna blizina. Paralelno so sozdavaweto i pro{iruvaweto na mre`ata na zdravstveni institucii, zdravstveni domovi i ambulanti bile osnovani i vo ramkite na pogolemite stopanski i nestopanski organizacii, koi pokraj {to davale zdrastveni uslugi na vrabotenite i nivnite semejstva, zdrastvenite uslugi gi koristele i `itelite na okolnite naselbi. Takvi zdrastveni stanici imalo otvoreno vo OHIS, Staklara, Tutunski kombinat, GP Pelagonija i dr. Za zdravjeto od okolu

institutions, starting from founding health facilities, infirmaries and polyclinic centers which offered more efficient health care to a greater number of population. Besides the newly built health facilities and infirmaries in the newfounded settlements, the system of the health facilities and infirmaries also expanded in the village areas of the municipality, among which the most significant are in Rakotinci, Drachevo, Kolichani, Lisiche and others, where heath care also receive the citizens from the near smaller villages. Parallel to the foundation and expansion of the system of health institutions, health centers and infirmaries were founded in the frames of the larger economic and non-economic organizations, which beside giving health services to the employees and their families, offered their services to the citizens from the near by settlements. Such health facilities were founded in OHIS, The Glass factory, the Tobacco factory, Pelagonija and in others. About 150 medical practitioners from various profiles took care for the health of around 100.000 patients. The health center Kisela Voda is the biggest polyclinic in the area of the municipality with more organizational units and health facilities in the settlements: Prolet I, II, Vardar, Crniche, Kisela Voda, Lisiche, Braka Miladinovci, than infirmaries, school polyclinic, dental offices, specialist clinics, pharmacies and other medical facilities. In the frames of the municipality also works the Center for social care, which analyses and directs the social politics towards foreseeing and removal of the social problems of the citizens. Among the many social problems the more important are the care for employing new workers in the economic and non-economic organizations, especially the young unemployed, the special care needed for the disabled, the social feeding and similar activities. As a general overview, the starting and basic criteria in the estimate for the level of success in the health care of the population in Municipality Kisela Voda is the creating and improving of the citizens' living conditions, the

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100.000 pacienti se gri`ele okolu 150 zdrastveni rabotnici od site profili. Zdravstveniot dom Kisela Voda e najgolemata poliklini~ka ambulantna ustanova na podra~jeto na Op{tinata so pove}e organizacioni edinici i zdravstveni stanici vo naselbite: Prolet I, II, Vardar, Crni~e, Kisela Voda, Lisi~e, Bra}a Miladinovci, potoa dispanzeri, {kolska poliklinika, zabni ordinacii, specijalisti~ki ambulanti, apteki i drugi zdravstveni ustanovi. Vo ramkite na Op{tinata raboti Centar za socijalna rabota, koj ja analizira i naso~uva socijalnata politika vo pravec na sogleduvawe i otstranuvawe na socijalnite problemi na gra|anite, me|u koi pred s# gri`ata za priem na novi rabotnici vo stopanskite i nestopanskite organizacii, a posebno vo vodeweto na gri`a za invalidi i mladi nevraboteni, za op{testvena ishrana i sli~ni aktivnosti. Poseben problem pretstavuva sostojbata so opfatenosta na naselenieto so socijalno-zdravstvena za{tita, kako socijalno zgri`eni osigurenici, mre`ata na postoewe i ramnomerna zastapenost i funkcionirawe na zdravstvenite institucii na podra~jeto na op{tinata i gradot - ambulanti, polikliniki, klini~ki bolnici, a posebno nivnata ekipiranost so stru~en medicinski personal, kako i sostojbata na socijalno-zdravstvenata opfatenost i gri`a za nevrabotenite i nivnite semejstva i gra|anite od selskite naselbi {to se zanimavat so zemjodelska dejnost. Vo oddelni periodi, a za `al i denes, del od ova naselenie, a posebno nevrabotenite, ne po svoja vina, ostanal bez rabota i socijalno zdravstvena zgri`enost. Zdravstvenata za{tita osetno bila podobrena so izgradbata na novi zdravstveni ustanovi, me|u koi od posebno zna~ewe bila izgradbata i pu{taweto vo upotreba na Poliklinikata "Jane Sandanski".

level of mortality of the newborns, the life standards, the height of the average lifespan of the population and its average old age, and especially if and how much is the longevity of people's lives being improved and prolonged. Another problem is the situation with the range of the social and health care over the population, the network of existing, equally spread and functioning health institutions in the area of the municipality and the city ­ ambulances, clinics, and other medical facilities, and especially their provision with qualified medical personnel. Also there is the situation with the social-health care for the unemployed and their families and the citizens from the villages who work in the agricultural sphere. In some periods, unfortunately even today, part of this population, especially the unemployed, not by their fault, became without a job and social and health care. The health care was a greatly improved with the construction of new medical facilities, and the most significant is the Polyclinic "Jane Sandanski".

8. The development of Culture

Along with the economic and social development in the Municipality Kisela Voda, there was a direct development of the non-economic spheres: education, health, culture and sport. First of all, great efforts are made for creating better conditions for efficient education and knowledge, so that in the last few decades in the area of this municipality, especially in the bigger settlements, around ten primary schools were open, which offered education for all the children. Also, the secondary economic, secondary chemical and secondary general school was founded where qualified individuals were educated for the needs of the industry. Many young talented individuals with potential for college education were also created and are still being created in these educational facilities. One of the basic values, of course, was the development of the culture through the maintaining of folklore, customs, traditional

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knowledge, and old crafts, but also with the organizing of cultural and entertaining performances and similar. In that context, in the last few decades in the Municipality Kisela Voda, efforts were made for enrichment of the cultural life. Many amateur cultural and art societies were formed and perished in the frames of work organizations and in the larger settlements. And premier movies were presented in the only movie theatre in the settlement "Kisela Voda". But, all of this was insufficient, so that the citizens of Slika 74. Ansamblot "Tanec" so "Te{koto" - nekoga{ the municipality usually sat(orovodec Doj~in Matevski i legendarniot pea~ Aleksandar isfied their cultural needs by Sarievski kako tapanxija). visiting the cultural instituPhoto 74. The Ensemble "Tanec" with "Teskoto" - in the past (leader of the dance Dojcin Matevski and the legendary singer tions, which were located in Aleksandar Sarievski as drummer). the center of Skopje. Although in the spectrum of the culture great influence had the cul8. Razvojot na Kulturata tural happenings in Skopje, interactively several cultural institutions located in the municiNeposredno so ekonomskiot i socijalpality marked the cultural intensity of the city niot razvoj vo Op{tina Kisela Voda se razand the state. Almost half a century, the vivaa i nestopanskite dejnosti: obrazovanieto, zdravstvoto, kulturata i sportot. Pred s#, se nastojuva da se sozdadat uslovi za efikasno obrazovanie i znaewe, taka {to vo izminatite decenii na podra~jeto na ovaa op{tina, osobeno vo pogolemite naselbi, bea otvoreni desetina u~ili{ta za osnovno obrazovanie, vo koi bea opfateni site deca. Bea formirani i srednite ekonomsko, hemisko i univerzalno u~ili{te, vo koi se obrazuvaa stru~ni kadri

Slika 75. Ansamblot "Tanec" so te{koto - denes. Photo 75. The Ensemble "Tanec" and "Teskoto" - today.

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za potrebite na industrijata, a se sozdava{e i se sozdava i kadrovski potencijal za fakultetsko obrazovni struki. Edna od temelnite vrednosti, sekako be{e i razvojot na kulturata, preku neguvaweto na folklorot, obi~aite, narodnoto tvore{tvo, starite zanaeti, organiziraweto na kulturno-zabavni manifestacii i drugo. Vo toj kontekst vo minatite nekolku decenii vo op{tinata Kisela Voda se nastojuva{e da se zbogati kulturniot `ivot, vo rabotnite organizacii i vo pogolemite naselbi se ra|aa i zgasnuvaa amaterski kulturnoumetni~ki dru{tva, a vo edinstvenata kinosala vo naselbata "Kisela Voda" se prika`uvaa i premierni filmovi. Me|utoa, sevo ova be{e nedovolno, taka {to kulturnite potrebi gra|anite na op{tinata naj~esto gi zadovoluvaa preku poseti na kulturnite institucii vo centarot na Skopje. Iako vo spektarot na kulturata golemo vlijanie imaa kulturnite zbidnuvawa vo Skopje, interaktivno i nekolku kulturni institucii so sedi{te vo Op{tinata go odbele`uvaa kulturniot naboj na gradot i dr`avata. Ve}e polovina vek ansamblot za narodni igri i pesni "Tanec", so svoite nesomneno bogati aktivnosti, najprofesionalno i dostojno ja pretstavuva na{ata zemja vo svetot, prika`uvaj}i go vo najubavo svetlo na{iot tradicionalen i bogat folklor. U~estvuvaj}i na pove}e svetski folklorni festival, "Tanec" kako na{ ambasador na kulturata ima osvoeno mnogubrojni nagradi i priznanija. Vrvnite profesionalni umetnici, igraorci i muzi~ari na ansamblot stanaa nezamenliv prezentar na duhovnite, nacionalnite i kulturnite vrednosti na makedonskata nacija niz svetot, misija so koja se gordee sekoj gra|anin na Republika Makedonija. Ansamblot e dobitnik na presti`nata nagrada "11 Oktomvri" i drugi dr`avni priznanija, a vo 2002 godina vedna{ do starata zgrada na podra~jeto na Mesnata zaednica "Vardar" zapo~na izgradbata na novi prostorii. Na podra~jeto na Op{tina Kisela Voda vidni aktivnosti poka`uva{e i Ansamblot na

assemble for folk songs and folklore dances "Tanec" with its undoubtedly rich activities, most professionally and fittingly represented our country all over the world, presenting our traditional and rich folklore at its best. Participating in more international folklore festivals, "Tanec" as our ambassador of culture has won numerous awards and honors. The top professional artists, folk dancers and musicians of the group became irreplaceable presenters of the spiritual, national and cultural values of the Macedonian nation through the world, a mission that is a pride of every citizen of Republic of Macedonia. The assemble is the winner of the prestige award "11 Oktomvri" and other state honors, and in 2002 started the construction of the new premises near to its old building in the settlement "Vardar". In the area of Municipality Kisela Voda, outstanding activities also demonstrated the group for folk dances and songs "Zograf", which continued and sustained the tradition of the folklore assembly "Kisela Voda" that was formed 1980 in the civil community bearing the same name. In 1984 this Assembly was taken over by the Textile factory "Mirka Ginova" and maintained its activities until the closure of the enterprise. This assembly initiated the organization of the first International Folklore Festival "Kisela Voda", which was held from 25th till 30th June 2002 with the participation of folklore groups from Turkey, Romania, Poland and ten groups from our state. For the realization of the public cultural interest of the citizens in the area of traditional folklore, great contribution also made the Cultural and art society "Kitka" from Drachevo, "Naum Naumovski-Borce" from OHIS, "Nikola Jonkov ­ Vapcarov" from Gorno Lisiche and others. Over two decades these societies nurtured the source folklore of this area, and also the folklore dances from the Aegeanian and the Pyrenean part and the part of Macedonia under Albania. The societies had many performances in the frames of various state and international festivals. Once a year, the traditional meeting "Vapcar Days" was held with performances

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narodni ora i pesni "Zograf", koj ja prodol`uva tradicijata na folklorniot ansambl "Kisela Voda", {to be{e formiran vo 1980 godina vo istoimenata mesna zaednica. Vo 1984 godina ovoj Ansambl go prezede Tekstilnata fabrika "Mirka Ginova" i go izdr`uva{e s# do prestanuvaweto na rabotata na pretprijatieto. Ovoj ansambl be{e pokrenuva~ i na inicijativata za organizirawe na prviot Me|unaroden folkloren festival "Kisela Voda", {to se odr`a od 25 do 30 juni 2002 godina so u~estvo na folklorni ansambli od Turcija, Romanija i Polska i deset od na{ata dr`ava. Za ostvaruvawe na javniot interes za kulturata na gra|anite vo oblasta na tradicionalnoto folklorno tvore{tvo podolgo vreme pridones dava{e i Kulturno-umetni~koto dru{tvo "Kitka" od Dra~evo, "Naum Naumovski-Bor~e" od OHIS, "Nikola Jonkov Vapcarov" od Gorno Lisi~e i drugi. Nad dve decenii ovie dru{tva go neguvaa izvorniot folklor od ova podra~je, kako i igrite od egejskiot, pirinskiot i delot na Makedonija pod Albanija. Dru{tvata ~esto nastapuvaa na razni festivali vo zemjata i vo stranstvo. Edna{ godi{no se odr`uva{e i tradicionalnata sredba "Vapcarovi denovi" so nastap na pove}e kulturno-umetni~ki dru{tva od zemjata i od stranstvo, so poznati peja~i, akteri, horovi, nau~ni rabotnici i drugi. Vo Gorno Lisi~e nad edna decenija se odr`uva{e i kulturno-religioznata manifestacija "Veligdenski sredbi", kako i "Ilindenskiot kowi~ki mar{ 78", na kogo so pesni i ora, so zurli i tapani se ispra}aa kowanici oble~eni vo komitski nosii, koi prisustvuvaa na ilindenskata proslava vo legendarnoto Kru{evo. Na podra~jeto na Op{tinata `iveat i tvorat mnogu poznati akademici, pisateli, re`iseri, artisti, estradni umetnici, politi~ari, novinari i drugi javni li~nosti koi so svojata dejnost i kvalitet se poznati vo zemjata i vo stranstvo. Na{ sogra|anin e virtuozot na pijano Simeon Trp~evski. Toj ima dobieno golem broj na nagradi na me|unarodni natprevari po pijano vo Velika

by many cultural-art societies from the country and from abroad, with famous singers, actors, choirs, academics and others. Over one decade in Gorno Lisiche a religious and cultural manifestation is being held called "Easter meetings", also there is the "Ilinden horse march 78" when horsemen dressed in traditional folklore clothes with old songs and folklore dances, with traditional windpipes and drums are being sent to the legendary city Krushevo to participate in the celebration of the national holiday Ilinden. In the area of the municipality also live and work many distinguished academics, writers, directors, actors, show artists, politicians, journalists and other public persons who are well known with their work and quality in the country and abroad. Our citizen is the worldly famous piano virtuoso Simon Trpchevski. He has won a lot of awards at many international piano contests in Great Britain, Czech Republic and Italy. He was a member of the first new generation of BBS, and in May 2003 the Royal Philharmonic society awarded him with the prize for the youngest artist in Great Britain. In the schools, among the numerous extracurricular sections the most distinctive are the activities of the literature societies, a place where many of our eminent poets started to write their first verses. A special curiosity represents the activity of the Literature Club "OHIS", which besides the winning of few high awards, is two times declared as the most active in the Republic of Macedonia. This Club published 50 books of poems and 14 almanacs of its members. It also organized the Meeting of Poetry in the OHIS area, where each year many poets from the country and abroad performed, and also many participants of the Struga's Evenings of Poetry. Anyway, the continuing of tradition in maintaining and displaying the cultural heritage and the creation, development and affirmation of its identity are strategic interests and goals of the Municipality Kisela Voda as a part of the local self-government in the last time period.

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Britanija, ^e{ka i Italija. Toj be{e ~len na prvata nova generacija na BBS, a vo maj 2003 godina Kralskoto filharmonisko zdru`enie mu ja dodeli nagradata za najmlad umetnik vo Velika Britanija. Vo u~ili{tata me|u brojnite sekcii ja izdvojuvame aktivnosta na literaturnite dru`ini niz koi prvite stihovi zapo~nale da gi sozdavaat mnogu na{i eminentni poeti. Kuriozitet pretstavuva aktivnosta na Literaturniot klub "OHIS", koj, pokraj toa {to osvoi nekolku vrvni nagradi, na dvapati be{e proglasen za najaktiven vo Republikata. Na svoite ~lenovi toj im izdade 50 zbirki i 14 almanasi. Be{e organizator na Mitingot na poezijata vo krugot na OHIS, kade {to sekoja godina nastapuvaa poznati poeti od zemjata i od stranstvo, u~esnici na Stru{kite ve~eri na poezijata Vpro~em, prodol`uvaweto na tradiciite vo neguvaweto i prika`uvaweto na kulturnoto nasledstvo i sozdavaweto, razvojot i afirmiraweto na negoviot identitet se strate{ki interesi na Op{tinata kako lokalna samouprava vo celiot izminat period.

9. Physical culture and sport

In the area of the Municipality Kisela Voda organized sporting has existed for a long time, and the physical culture is maintained in all schools as regular education, but also as a various and mass activity. In The Small Olympic Games a large number of students participated in various sports disciplines, and mass physical culture was provided through the recreational activities in the enterprises. But, in the 60-years of the last century because of the lack of sports fields in the municipality, the sport sphere did not accomplish the expected results. The football fields and the handball sport halls of that time did not satisfy the necessary standards. The Skopje Leagues included "Slavija", "Koncharevci", "Partizan" from village Drachevo, "SSK" from settlement Drachevo, "Bratstvo-Edinstvo" from Gorno Lisiche, and in 1955 was formed the football team "FCU", which in 1964 and in 1968 won the first place at the Skopje Sub-federation and until 1976 was a member of the Macedonian Football League, where three times won the third place. The current stadium of the cement factory "Usje" with capacity for 3.000 viewers is built in 1972 but no longer satisfies the outgrowing needs. On the open-air handball fields the duels were especially interesting between the old rivals "Prolet" and "Jug", which in the sixty years of the last century were very successful in the competitions of the Male Republic League. In 1973 the team "Michurinci" became champion in Macedonia, and "Prolet" played in the Second Federation League of Yugoslavia of that time. In that year, the Female team "OHIS" became a member of the Second Handball League and the next year the Male team "OHIS" that was the autumn champion also achieved the same thing. In the Republic League for Women, "Jug" won the fifth place, and the female team "Prolet" achieved best results in 1977 by winning the second place in the Second Federation League. In 1978 the male team "Prolet" was the champion in the

9. Fizi~kata kultura i sportot

Na podra~jeto na Op{tina Kisela Voda podolgo vreme postoi organizirano sportuvawe, a fizi~kata kultura e zastapena vo site u~ili{ta kako redovna nastava, no i kako raznovidna i masovna aktivnost. Na Malite olimpiski igri vo razni sportski disciplini u~estvuvaa golem broj u~enici, a masovna fizi~ka kultura se obezbeduva{e i so rekreativnite aktivnosti vo pretprijatijata. Me|utoa, vo {eesettite godini od minatiot vek, poradi nemawe sportski tereni vo Op{tinata, vo sportuvaweto ne se postignuvaa o~ekuvanite rezultati. Toga{nite fudbalski igrali{ta i rakometni tereni ne gi zadovoluvaa potrebnite standardi. Vo skopskite ligi igraa "Slavija", "Kon~arevci", "Partizan" od selo Dra~evo, "SSK" od naselbata Dra~evo, "Bratstvo-Edinstvo" od Gorno Lisi~e, a vo 1955 godina be{e formiran i

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Slika 76. Dvete fudbalski legendi Darko Pan~ev i Mi{el Platini. Photo 76. The football legends Darko Pancev and Michel Platini.

Slika 77. Petar Naumovski vo dresot na "Beneton". Photo 77. Petar Naumovski in the dress of Beneton.

Slika 78. Van~o Karanfilov sportist na Makedonija za 2004 godina Photo 78. Vanco Karnfilov Macedonian sportiest - 2004 year.

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fudbalskiot klub "FCU", koj vo 1964 i 1968 godina stana prvak na Skopskiot potsojuz i s# do 1976 godina be{e ~len na Makedonskata fudbalska liga, vo koja tri pati go osvojuva{e tretoto mesto. Sega{niot stadion na "Cementarnica" za 3.000 gleda~i be{e izgraden vo 1972 godina, no ve}e ne gi zadovoluva narasnatite potrebi. Na otvorenite rakometni tereni posebno bea interesni duelite me|u starite rivali "Prolet" i "Jug", koi vo {eesettite godini na minatiot vek uspe{no se natprevaruvaa vo ma{kata republi~ka liga. Ve}e vo 1973 godina "Mi~urinci" stanvaa i prvaci na Makedonija, a "Prolet" se natprevaruva{e i vo Vtorata sojuzna liga na toga{na Jugoslavija. Vo taa godina @enskata ekipa na "OHIS" stana ~len na Vtorata rakometna liga, a vo idnata godina i ma{kata ekipa na "OHIS", koja be{e i esenski prvak. Vo Republi~kata liga za `eni "Jug" go zazele pettoto mesto, a najdobar plasman postigna `enskata ekipa na "Prolet" vo 1977 godina so osvojuvawe na vtoroto mesto vo Vtorata sojuzna liga. Vo 1978 godina ma{kata ekipa na "Jug" be{e prvak na Vtorata republi~ka liga - Zapad, vo koja se natprevaruva{e i ekipata na Dra~evo. Se odr`uvaa i natprevari vo bore~ki sportovi, gimnastika, strela{tvo, velosipedizam, pelivanstvo i drugo, a do po~etokot na stanbenata izgradba na prostranite tereni na civilnoto letali{te "Star Aerodrom" se odr`uvaa natprevari vo padobranstvo, edrili~arstvo, vozdu{no modelarstvo i so motorni piloti. Vo ovoj period se afirmiraa i bokserite od ovaa Op{tina Branko Fijat i Pero Trajkovski, koj sega e i trener na BK "Vardar". So sredstvata od samopridones vo 1982 godina na podra~jeto na Op{tina Kisela Voda bea otvoreni dve moderni sportski sali: "Jane Sandanski" i "Rasadnik", so 2.000, odnosno 1.200 gleda~i. Ovie sali zna~ea postavuvawe temel na kvalitetniot i vrvniot sport vo Op{tinata i vo Republikata. Dojde do afirmacija na sportot me|u mladite, koi ~e-

Second Republic League-West where team from Drachevo also played. Competitions were also performed in the area of the fighting sports, athletics, gymnastics, archery, cycling, and others. Until the beginning of the housing construction, on the wide spaces of the civil flying ground "Star Aerodrom" contests were held in parachuting, gliding, and airplane modeling with or without motor pilots. In this time period the boxers from this municipality Branko Fijat and Pero Trajkovski affirmed themselves as professionals. Pero Trajkovski is now a trainer of the Boxing Club "Vardar". With the recourses from the self-contribution in 1962 in the area of Municipality Kisela Voda two contemporary sports halls were open: "Jane Sandanski", with 2000 seats, and "Rasadnik with 1.200 seats. These sports halls meant establishing a foundation of qualitative and topmost sport in the municipality and in the Republic. The sport was affirmed among the young who often filled the seats of the two sport halls, new clubs were formed and distinguished qualified staff was hired. The basketball club "MZT" became one of the best teams that in the season 1986/87 from the Second Federal League advanced to the most elite First Federal Basketball League of Yugoslavia from that time. In 1991/92 "MZT" was champion in the Macedonian Basketball League and the team "INO-Spektar" became champion in the competition between the seniors. Great results also accomplished the karate fighters of "Aerodrom", who trained and held their competitions in the sport hall "Jane Sandanski". At the same time in the sport hall "Rasadnik" the teams of the sport club "Vardar" were achieving better and better results. For example, the volleyball team with Bogoevski, Jankov, Tasevski and others were among the best in Yugoslavia at that time and they won the fourth place in Europe. The female volleyball team of "Vardar" also achieved good results as well as the male and female handball teams. In this period the karate club "Kisela Voda" also affirmed it self under the patronage

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Slika 79. Sportskata sala "Rasadnik". Photo 79. The sport hall "Rasadnik".

sto gi polneja tribinite na dvete sali, se formiraa novi klubovi i se anga`iraa istaknati stru~ni kadri. Ko{arkarskiot klub "MZT" stana edna od najdobrite ekipi i od Vtora sojuzna liga vo sezonata 1986/87 godina se plasira{e vo najelitnata Prva sojuzna ko{arkarska liga na toga{na Jugoslavija. Vo 1991/92 godina "MZT" be{e prvak na Makedonskata ko{arkarska liga, dodeka vo konkurencija na seniori prvak stana ekipata na "INO-spektar"- "Student". Vrvni rezultati postignuvaa i karatistite na "Aerodrom", koi, isto taka, vo salata "Jane Sandanski" treniraa i se natprevaruvaa. Vo isto vreme vo salata "Rasadnik" ekipite na sportskiot klub "Vardar" postignuvaa s# podobri rezultati. Taka na primer, Odbojkarskata ekipa so Bogoevski, Jankov, Tasevski i drugi bea me|u najdobrite vo SFRJ, a go osvoija i ~etvrtoto mesto vo Evropa. Dobri rezultati ostvaruva{e i `enskata odbojkarska ekipa na "Vardar", kako i ma{kiot i `enskiot rakometen tim. Vo ovoj period se afirmira{e i karate klubot "Kisela Voda" pod patron na Op{tinata, privlekuvaj}i golema masovnost, so {to dojde do izraz i kvalitetot, taka {to ~leno50 GODINI 108

of the Municipality, attracting mass attendance with which quality came to full expression, so the members of this club won many medals at the international and world championships. The sports chronics will note that the young football talent from Kisela Voda Darko Panchev was conquering the football fields more and more and in 1984 with his 18 years of age became the youngest goal getter at one national football championship in Europe. Wearing the uniform of the "Vardar" team in the competition year 1983/84 he achieved 19 goals. Elevating to the football heights, Panchev in the Belgrade's champion team "Crvena Zvezda" was a goal-getter for three times at the Yugoslavian Championships, and in the competition year 1990/91 with 34 achieved goals he became the most efficient in the European frames and became the winner of the golden football shoe at the prestige France Football. Because of all this Darko Panchev was proclaimed for the Macedonian football player of the century. Similar success had the basketball talent from this area Pece Naumovski who is a well-known international player and captain of our basketball representation, for which he performed 150 times. In the period from 1994 to

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vite na ovoj klub osvoija pove}e medali na me|unarodnite i svetskite prvenstva. Sportskite hroni~ari }e zabele`at i toa deka mladiot fudbalski talent od Kisela Voda Darko Pan~ev se pove}e gi osvojuva{e fudbalskite tereni i vo 1984 godina so nepolni 19 godini stana najmladiot golgeter na edno nacionalno fudbalsko prvenstvo vo Evropa. Nosej}i go dresot na ekipata na "Vardar" vo natprevaruva~kata 1983/84 godina postigna 19 gola. Vivnuvaj}i se vo fudbalskite viso~ini Pan~ev vo {ampionskiot tim na belgradska "Crvena Zvezda" na tripati be{e golgeter na jugoslovenskite prvenstva, a vo natprevaruva~kata 1990/91 godina so 34 gola be{e najefikasen i vo Evropski ramki i stana nositel na zlatnata kopa~ka na presti`niot Frans fudbal. Za seto ova Darko Pan~ev be{e proglasen i za makedonski fudbaler na stoletieto. Vo karierata ima postignato preku 400 golovi, igraj}i za Vardar, Crvena Yvezda, Inter, Fortuna, Dizeldorf i Sion. Soodvetni uspesi ima{e i ko{arkarskiot talent od ova podra~je Pece Naumovski, poznat internacionalec i kapiten na makedonskata ko{arkarska reprezentacija za koja dosega ima 150 nastapi. Vo periodot od 1994 do 2000 godina redovno e izbiran vo najdobrata evropska petorka. Mo`e slobodno da se ka`e deka vo Op{tina Kisela Voda vo izminatite 12 godini bea postignati istoriski rezultati na sportsko pole. Me|u {este kluba {to postojano igraa vo Prvata fudbalska liga be{e i FK FCU, koj stana i rasadnik na talentirani igra~i, makedonski reprezentativci, kako {to se Grozdanovski, Vasovski, Despotovski, Tolevski, Naumov, Dimitrovski i drugi. I ne samo toa. FCU dve sezoni od 1998 do 2000 godina dva pati go osvoija pettoto mesto vo dr`avnoto prvenstvo, a vo sezonata 2001/02 godina i tretoto mesto, so {to obezbedi izlez na Evropskata fudbalska scena. Vo 1999 i 2002 godina za prv pat vo svojata istorija sinobelite igraa vo Kupot "Inter-toto". Vo kupot na Makedonija FCU vo 2002 godina stigna do finaleto, a vo 2003 godina so odli~na igra

2000 he was regularly elected in the best five in Europe. It can be freely said that in Municipallity Kisela Voda historic results were achieved in the field of sport in the last 12 years. Among the six clubs that regularly played in the First Football League were FK FCY that became a seed plot for talented players and Macedonian representatives like Grozdanovski, Vasovski, Despotovski, Tolevski, Naumov, Dimitrovski and others. And not just that, for two seasons, from 1998 to 2000, FCY won the fifth place two times in the state championship, and in the season 2001/02 this club won the third place with which it provided entrance to the European football scene. In 1999 an in 2002 for the first time in its history the blue-whites played in the Cup "Inter-Toto". In the cup of Macedonia FCU came to the finals, and 2003 with an excellent game became a winner of the cup with which accomplished the greatest success in its history. It should be added that a request has already been handed over to the authorities of Municipality Kisela Voda for attaining a new location for construction of a sports complex with football stadium with capacity of 8000 viewers. In this period there is a rich handball activity. With great support from the fans, the handball players of "Vardar-Vatrostalna" with a hat trick became state champions for the fourth time, and in the League of European Champions in 2002 they took the twelfth place, one place higher from the last year. In 1999, 2001, 2002 and 2003 this team was the winner of the Handball Cup of Macedonia and participated in the European Cup in 1999 and advanced to the quarterfinal. For the Macedonian champion team peformed our best handball player Pepi Manaskov and the representatives Petar Misakovski, Kiril Atanasovski, Stefche Alushevski and Zoran Petkovski. In the state championship solid results also accomplished the team of Michurinci "Jug-Zegin", which lately fought for the top place in the Super-League and in the Cup, achieving the best results. In the female competition champions

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stana i pobednik na kupot, so {to go ostvari najgolemiot uspeh vo svojata istorija. Da dodademe i toa deka do nadle`nite organi na Op{tina Kisela Voda Ve}e e dostaveno barawe za dobivawe nova lokacija za izgradba na sportski kompleks so fudbalski stadion od 8.000 gleda~i. Vo ovoj period se ostvaruva i bogata rakometna aktivnost. So ogromna poddr{ka na naviva~ite rakometarite na "Vardar-Vatrostalna" so hettrik po ~etvrti pat stanaa dr`avni prvaci, a vo Ligata na evropskite {ampioni vo 2002 godina go zazedoa 12 mesto, za edno mesto povisoko od predhodnata godina. Vo 1999, 2001, 2002 i 2003 godina ovaa ekipa be{e pobednik i na Rakometniot kup na Makedonija, a kako u~esnik na Evropskiot kup vo 1999 godina se plasira{e vo ~etvrtfinaleto. Za makedonskiot {ampion nastapuvaa i na{iot najdobar rakometar Pepi Manaskov i reprezentativcite Petar Misovski, Kiril Atanasovski, Stef~e Alu{evski i Zoran Petkovski. Vo dr`avnoto prvenstvo dobri rezultati ostvari i ekipata na Mi~urinci "Jug-Zegin", koja vo posledno vreme se bore{e za vrvot na Super-ligata i vo kupot postignuvaj}i najdobar kupski uspeh, dodeka vo `enska konkurencija prvoliga{i bea "Vardar" i "Aerodrom". Ekipata na "Vardar" edna{ be{e pobednik na `enskiot kup (1994 godina). Za odbele`uvawe e i toa deka vo ovoj period se afirmiraa i me|unarodnite rakometni sudii Marjan i Dragan Na~evski. Vo Ko{arkarskoto prvenstvo na Makedonija "MZT" postojano se bore{e za osvojuvawe na {ampionskata titula, a dobri rezultati ostvaruva{e i "Vardar-Imperijal". Metalcite imaa zna~aen uspeh vo Kup-natprevarite, pobeduvaj}i vo 1996, 1997, 1999 i 2000 godina, pri {to se pojavija i na evropskata ko{arkarska scena, sovladuvaj}i go vo 16- finaleto golemiot protivnik "Real" od Madrid, {to be{e uspeh za respekt. Na dr`avnoto prvenstvo na seniorki vo sezonata 1992/93 godina prvoto mesto go

were "Vardar" and "Aerodrom" The "Vardar" team was a winner of the female cup in 1994. It should be noted that in this period Marjan and Dragan Nachevski affirmed themselves as international handball judges. In the Basketball Championship of Macedonia "MZT" continuously fought for winning the championship title and "Vardar-Imperijal" also achieved solid results. "MZT" had a significant success in the Cup-competitions, winning in 1996, 1997, 1999 and 2002 when they appeared on the European basketball scene, winning the mach against the great rival "Real" from Madrid, which is a success worthy of respect. At the state championship of the female seniors in the season 1992/93 the basket players of "Ino-Spektar"-"Student" won the first place. The next season they were second, but they were also winners at the Cup of Macedonia. A successful performance at the state championships also had the volleyball players of "Kometal-Student" who in 2002 won the first place in the female volleyball championship. In the sports hall "Rasadnik" the team for small football for men "Gramosi" performed their competitions. Here for the first time a school was opened for professional small football named "FUTSAL". Lately, notable results were achieved by the chess players of BM "Kisela Voda". They won the Macedonian Cup and in 2002 for the first time became the new senior team champion of the state. In the team with their game especially distinguished were the best ranged Macedonian chess player Kiril Georgiev, the current champion of Macedonia the grandmaster Nikola Mitkov, the former champion inter master Vancho Stamenkov, the new Macedonian representative the grandmaster Vladimir Georgiev and others. According to the merit of all of them the club "Kisela Voda" won the excellent seventh place at the 18th European Club Cup in Kalithea in Greece, which is the biggest success of the Macedonian club chess. In the female competition success also notes the team of BM "Kisela Voda". When we

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zazedoa ko{arkarkite na "Ino spektar" "Student". Tie idnata sezona bea vtori, a bea pobednik i na Kupot na Makedonija. Uspe{en nastap vo dr`avnite prvenstva imaa i odbojkarite "Kometal - Student", koi vo 2002 godina go osvoija prvoto mesto vo `enskoto odbojkarsko prvenstvo. Vo sportskata sala "Rasadnik" nastapuva{e i ekipata vo mal fudbal za ma`i "Gramosi". Ovde za prv pat be{e otvorena {kola za profesionalen mal fudbal "FUTSAL". Vo posledno vreme zabele`itelni rezultati ostvarija i {ahistite na BM "Kisela Voda", osvojuvaj}i go kupot na Makedonija, a vo 2002 godina za prv pat stanaa nov seniorski ekipen {ampion na dr`avata. Vo ekipata so svojata igra posebno se istaknaa najdobro rangiraniot makedonski {ahist Kiril Georgiev, aktuelniot prvak na Makedonija velemajstorot Nikola Mitkov, porane{niot prvak inter majstor Van~o Stamenkov, novope~eniot makedons-

are in the sphere of chess, it shouldn't be left out that the grandmaster Kiril Georgiev, as the first board of the Macedonian representation at the Chess Olympics in Bled, 2002, had defeated the current international champion according to FIDE the Ukrainian Ruslan Ponomarjov, and at the European Championship in chess he won the fourth place. We should also mention the present great sportsman of Macedonia and of city Skopje, Vancho Karanfilov who won the silver medal in archery at the Para Olympics in Athens in 2002. He is a former European champion and bearer of much recognition in the state and abroad. In the Municipality efforts were made for further development of all sports activities. A few small sports complexes are built in the settlements "Crniche", "Drachevo", in "Jane Sandanski" near "Vero" and by the school " Georgija Pulevski", with which conditions are created for mass sport, especially for the children and the

Slika 80. Fudbalskoto igrali{te na JSP vo n. Pr`ino. Photo 80. Football playground of JSP in the s. Przino

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ki reprezentativec velemajstorot Vladimir Georgiev i drugi. Site tie se zaslu`ni {to na 18 Evropski klupski kup, {to se odr`a vo Kalitea vo Grcija, "Mineralcite" go osvoija izvonrednoto sedmo mesto, {to e najgolem uspeh na makedonski klupski {ah. Vo `enska konkurencija uspesi bele`i i ekipata na BM "Kisela Voda". Koga sme kaj {ahot, ne treba da izostane i podatokot deka velemajstorot Kiril Georgiev, kako prva tabla na makedonskata reprezentacija na [ahovskata olimpijada vo Bled 2002 godina, go sovlada i aktuelniot svetski prvak spored FIDE ukrainecot Ruslan Ponomarjov, a na evropskoto prvenstvo vo {ah go zazede ~etvrtoto mesto. Da go spomeneme i aktuelniot sportist na Makedonija i na grad Skopje Van~o Karanfilov, koj na paraolimpijadata vo Atina vo 2004 godina go osvoi srebreniot medal vo strela{tvo. Porane{en evropski {ampion i nositel na mnogu priznanija vo zemjava i stranstvo. Vo Op{tinata i natamu se pottiknuva razvojot na site sportski aktivnosti. Izgradeni se nekolku mali sportski kompleksi vo naselbite "Crni~e" i "Dra~evo" i vo "Jane Sandanski" kaj "Vero" i kaj U~ili{teto "\or|ija Pulevski", so {to se sozdadoa uslovi za masoven sport, osobeno kaj decata i mladite. Izgradeni se i nekolku sovremeni teniski igrali{ta, kako i drugi objekti za rekreativni aktivnosti. Za odbele`uvawe e i toa deka vo izminatiov period Op{tina Kisela Voda prioritet i dava{e na izgradbata na sportski tereni, detski igrali{ta i postavuvawe urbana oprema na pove}e lokacii. Vo ramkite na odbele`uvaweto na "6 - ti Maj - \ur|ovden" - Denot na Op{tinata, se odr`uvaat i pove}e sportski manifestacii pod moto "Site praznuvame - Kisela Voda praznuva". Izgradbata na sportskite tereni i pottiknuvaweto na masovnite sportski aktivnosti vo u~ili{tata i vo rabotnite sredini ovozmo`i natamo{en razvoj i na kvalitetniot sport vrz sovremeni uslovi.

young people. Several modern tennis courts are also built along with other facilities for recreational activities. It is notable that in the last period Municipality Kisela Voda gave priority to the construction of sport fields, children playgrounds and posting urban equipment on many locations. th In the frame of the celebration of "6 May ­ Gjurgovden" - The Day of the Municipality, many sport activities were performed under the motto "We all celebrate ­ Kisela Voda celebrates". The construction of sport fields and the motivations for mass sport activities in the schools and in the work areas enabled further development of the qualitative sport under contemporary conditions.

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V. KULTURNO ISTORISKI SPOMENICI I ARHEOLO[KI LOKALITETI

1. Arheolo{ki lokaliteti i srednovekovni crkvi i manastiri

Na teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda evidentirani se nekolku arheolo{ki naodi i stari srednovekovni spomenici od duhovnata kultura od postarata istorija na Makedonija.

V. CULTURAL HISTORIAN MONUMENTS AND ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES

1. Archeological sites and churches and monasteries from the middle ages

Several archeological sites and old medieval monuments from the spiritual culture of the older history of Macedonia are evidenced on the territory of Municipality Kisela Voda.

Dra~evo

Bel~evica, nekropola od Rimskoto vreme. Vo dvorot na u~ili{teto, pri sadeweto na ovo{ni nasadi vo 1955 godina u~enicite otkrile grobnica gradena od kvadratni tuli so skelet pokraj koj bile polo`eni stakleni sadovi - lakrimarii. Qubu{, starohristijanski rotondi. Na eden zaramnet vrv vo blizina na utokata na Pelenica vo Markova Reka, oddale~en 3 km. jugozapadno od seloto, ima ostatoci od rimsko utvrduvawe ~ii odbrambeni yidovi go opkru`uvaat celoto plato golemo okolu 1,5 hektar. Otkopani se temeli od pove}e gradbi me|u koi i temeli od dve crkvi - rotondi, i koi ednata bila so pre~nik pogolem od 10 m i so pod od mozaik organiziran vo pove}e pravoagolni poliwa. Pintija( ]uprija), nekropola od docnoanti~ko vreme. Na 2 km. severozapadno od centrlaniot del na seloto, vo 1952 godina, pri podgotovkite na nivite za sadewe lozja, otkrieni se pove}e grobovi i edna grobnica izgradeni od rimski nadgrobni spomenici. Treseli{te, osamen naod od docnoanti~koto vreme. Vo 1949 godina vo mesnosta Stefanovski Dol otkriena e nadgrobna stela

Drachevo

Belcevica, necropolis from the Roman period. In 1955, during the fruit planting in the schoolyard the pupils discovered a tomb built from square bricks with a skeleton in it, beside which there were glass casks ­ lachrymaries. Ljubush, old-christian rotonds. On a flatten hill near river Pelenica in Markova Reka, 3 km southwest from the village, there are remains from a roman fortification whose defense walls surround the whole plateau, which is around 1,5 hectare in size. Foundations were excavated of more buildings among which there were foundations of two churches-rotonds, and one of them had a diameter bigger than 10 meters with a mosaic floor organized in more rectangular fields. Pintija (Kuprija), necropolis from the late antique period. In 1952, 2km northwest from the central part of the village, during the preparations for planting the vineyards many graves and one tomb was discovered that was built as roman gravestone memorial. Treselishte, a solitary site from the late antique period. A tombstone with relief and Latin engravings was discovered in the county Stefanosvki Dol in 1949. The tombstone is kept in The Museum of Macedonia in Skopje.

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so reljef i latinski natpisi. Stelata se ~uva vo Muzej na Makedonija vo Skopje. Crkva Sv. Spas. Vo zapadniot del na seloto pronajdeni se ostatoci od pogolemi gradbi od rimski period, a vo podocne`niot period tuka se nao|ala i edna stara crkva. Naselenieto toa mesto go obele`alo so krst i zatoa se vikalo Crkvi{te. Podocna, okolu sredinata na 17 vek bila podignata mala crkvi~ka. No, starata crkvi~ka bila mala i ne gi zadovoluvala duhovnite potrebi kako i izveduvaweto na verskite obredi na mesnoto naselenie. Zatoa povidnite Dra~evci pokrenale inicijativa za izgradba na nova crkva. Najgolem pridones za izgradbata na ovaa crkva dal skopskiot mitropolit Joakim, koj podocna se javuva i kako ktitor. Lokacijata na novata crkva bila na stotina metri jugoisto~no od starata crkva. Kako godina na zapo~nuvaweto na izgradbata na crkvata se zema 1848, koja ispi{ana so crkvenoslovenski bukvi se nao|a na severnata vrata na oltarot. Hramot e vo redot na pogolemi trokorabni baziliki bez kupola, kako {to se pove}eto drugi crkvi gradeni vo periodot na prvata polovina na 19 vek. Kako graditel na crkvata se spomenuva Petre Garkata so negovata tajfa, koja ja gradela i crkvata Sv. Bogorodica.

The Church of Holy Salvation. Remains of bigger building form the roman period were discovered in the west part of the village, and in the later period an old church was placed here. The inhabitants marked the place with a cross and for that reason it was called The Church. th Later, around the middle of the 17 century a small church was built on the same place. But, the church was very small and did not satisfy the spiritual needs of the local population. That's why the more significant people from Drachevo raised an initiative for building a new church. The metropolitan Joakim from Skopje made the biggest contribution for the building of this church and later he also appears as a benefactor. The location of the new church was a hundred meters southeast from the old church. 1848 is taken as the starting year of building of the church and the same is found on the north door of the altar written with consecrated Cyrillic characters. The temple is one from the line of the bigger three-roofed basilicas without domes like the most other churches built in the period of th the first half of the 19 century. Petre Garkata with his team has been mentioned as the builder of this church as well as the Church of the Mother of God.

Slika 81. Crkvite Sv. \or|i i Sv. Nikita. Photo 81. The churches of "St. Gjorgija" and "St. Nikita". 50 GODINI

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Fresko`ivopisot e graden od nekolku majstori, me|u koi bile Di~o Zograf i Dimitar Andonov Papradi{ki. So kompletnoto zavr{uvawe na ikonostasot vo 1858 godina se povrzuva i godinata na osvetuvaweto na crkvata.

Several masters built the frescoes and the iconostasis among which were Dicho Zograf and Dimitar Andonov Papradiski. The complete finishing of the iconostasis in 1858 is connected with the year of sanctifying the church.

Kisela Voda -Kisela Voda

Crkvata "Sv. \or|ija". Za pove}evekovnoto postoewe na ovaa crkva postojat pove}e predanija, a niv gi potkrepuvaat i pronajdenite tri yida pri poslednata rekonstrukcija na crkvata. Zatoa nejzinata starost se deli na tri perioda. Prviot period, spored legendata, bil od vremeto na carot Justinijan, vo po~etokot na 6 vek. Vtoriot se povrzuva so vladeeweto na dinastijata na Komnenite, koi go izgradile i manastirot Sv. Pantelejmon vo selo Nerezi, a crkvata Sv. \or|ija ja obnovile, dodeka tretiot period ja opfa}a poslednata obnova na crkvata vo periodot na balkanskite vojni od strana na debar~anecot Stefan Milo{evski. Crkvata e vo forma na ednokorabna bazilika. Kako posebno odbele`uvawe na crkvata e i likot na Sv. \or|i na ikona, freska izrabotena od metal. Crkva "Sv. Nikita". Na samo nekolku metri od crkvata Sv. \or|i se nao|a crkvata posvetena na Sv. Nikita, koja datira od 18 vek. Izgradbata na ovaa crkva se povrzuva so eden turski velikodostojnik koj, iako bil slep, spored ka`uvawata, otkako se izmil od vodata progledal. Kako blagodarnost za toa dal sredstva da se izgradi od mermer crkvata Sv. Nikita i ~e{mata. Od koi pri~ini crkvata e razurnata ne se znae, no taa e obnovena vo vremeto koga bila obnovena i crkvata Sv. \or|ija od istiot majstor. The Church "St. George". There are a lot of legends about this church, which existed for many centuries, and they are all substantiated by the three discovered walls during the last reconstruction of the church. That's why its existence is divided in three periods. The first period, according to the legend, was the time of the rule of imperator Justinian, at the beginth ning of the 6 century. The second period is tied to the rule of the Komnens dynasty that reconstructed this church and also built the church "St. Panteleymon" in the village Nerezi. The third period is associated with the last reconstruction of the church performed by Stefan Milosevski from Debar during the time of the Balkan wars. The church has the shape of a one-roofed basilica and has a special marking - the fresco image of St. George on an icon made from metal. Church "St. Nikita". Just few meters near the church "St. George" exists the church dedicated to St. Nikita, which dates from the 18th century. The building of this church is connected with one Turkish patrician who, according to the legend, had been blind and after washing himself in the church water gained his sight. As a form of gratitude for this he funded the marble from which the church and its fountain are made. The church was destroyed for unknown reasons but the same master reconstructed it at the same time as the church "St. George".

Usje

Krst, depo na srednovekovni moneti. Vo neposredna blizina na selskata crkva Sv. Atanas vo ku}ata na Q.Todorovski, pri kopawe na podrumski prostorii, e pronajdeno depo na srebreni srednovekovni moneti

Usje

Cross, a depository of medieval coins. Near the church "St. Atanas" in the cellar premises of the house of L. Todorovski, a depository of silver medieval coins has been discovered that contains 96 specimens and two massive silver

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koe sodr`i 96 primeroci i dve masivni srebreni obetki so tri jagotki. Naodot se ~uva vo Muzejot na grad Skopje. Crkva "Sv.Atanas", osamen naod od rimsko vreme.Do 1954 godina edna nadgrobna baza od bel mermer i so latinski natpis se koristela vo crkvata kako ~esna trpeza. Ne se znae od kade poteknuva nitu koga e odnesena od crkvata. Se ~uva vo Muzejot na grad Skopje.

earrings decorated with three strawberries. This finding is kept at the Museum of City Skopje. Church "Ss. Atanas", a solitary site from the roman period. Until 1954 one tombstone base made from white marble with Latin engravings had been used in the church as sacred table. Its origin is not known as the time when it has been brought to the church. This tombstone is kept at the Museum of City Skopje.

Crni~e

Crniche

Church "Ss. Petka". The incentive for Crkva "Sv. Petka". Inicijativa za building this church was raised by the local popizgradba na crkva vo ovoj kraj ja pokrenalo ulation in 1903. Digging in the place where the mesnoto naselenie vo 1903 godina. @itelite church is placed today the inhabitants of Crnice na Crni~e, kopaj}i na mestoto kade{to denes discovered a buried icon of St. Petka and accordse nao|a crkvata, prona{le zakopana ikona ing to that asked permission for building a na Sv. Petka i vrz osnova na toa pobarale dozchurch from the Turkish authorities from that vola za izgradba na crkva od toga{nata turstime. First, a smaller church was built on that ka vlast. Najprvo vo 1908 godina bila izgrasite in 1908, but dena pomala crkthe foundations va, a temelite na sega{nata crkva of the current bile osveteni vo church were san1911 godina. Prvoctified in 1911. bitnata crkva biLater the church la izgradena vo was expanded and vid na rotonda. after the earthOsvetena bila vo quake in 1963 the 1924 godina. Poparaclise of St. docna crkvata Constantine and bila pro{iruvaElena was made. na, a po zemjotreAdministrative sot vo 1963 godipremises with a Slika 82. ^e{mata vo Gorno Maalo - s. Dra~evo. na bil napraven library are built in Photo 82. The fountain in Gorno maalo-v. Dracevo. paraklisot na Sv. the yard where Konstantin i Elena. Vo dvorot bile izgradeni religious education is carried out. administrativni prostorii so biblioteka, vo koja se izveduva i verska nastava. KambanaGorno Lisiche rijata bila izgradena vo 1966 godina.

Gorno Lisi~e

Crkva "Sv. Petar i Pavle". Spored predanijata na ovoj prostor pred doa|aweto na Turcite postoela crkva. Taa od Turcite, pri osvojuvaweto na Skopje, bila celosno

Church "Ss. Peter and Paul". According to the legends a church existed in this area before the invasion of the Turks. During the conquering of Skopje this church was completely destroyed by the Turks. In the later period, after the granted permission by the Turkish authorities the local population placed a cross on the

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Slika 83. Veligdenskata proslava vo mesnosta "Tri Kru{i" - s. Dra~evo (2005). Photo 83. The Eastern celebration in the locality "Tri krusi" - v. Dracevo (2005.

razurnata. Vo podocne`niot period, po dobienata dozvola od turskata vlast, mesnoto naselenie na mestoto kade {to se nao|ala crkvata postavilo krst, a potoa podignalo i mala crkva izgradena od pleteni granki i kal. Po balkanskite vojni bila izgradena nova od tvrd materijal, koja bila edna od poubavite vo Skopsko. Za vreme na Vtorata svetska vojna crkvata bila pretvorena vo germanski voen magazin i dignata vo vozduh pri nivnoto povlekuvawe od seloto. Sega{nata crkva bila zavr{ena i osvetena vo 1975 godina. Vo naselbata Pintija se nao|a i manastirot Sv. Eremija obnoven vo 1991 godina.

place where the church existed, and afterwards raised a small church made from braided branches and mud. After the Balkan wars a new church was built from hard material, which was one of the most beautiful in the area of Skopje. During the Second World War the church was transformed into German military warehouse and it was destroyed by explosion during their retreat from the village. The current church was completed and sanctified in 1975. In the settlement Pintija there is a monastery "St. Eremija" that was reconstructed in 1991.

Dolno Lisice - Dolno Lisi~e

Crkva "Sv. Troica". Spored predanijata, crkvata ja imala istata sudbina kako i crkvata vo G. Lisi~e, odnosno vo prvo vreme tuka imalo krst na starite selski grobi{ta koi po golemite poplavi bile preneseni na mestoto kade {to se nao|a dene{nata crkva.

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Church "Ss. Trinity". According to the legends, this church had the same destiny as the church in Gorno Lisiche. At first, there was a cross here from the old village cemetery that after the big floods were transferred on the place where the actual church exists. After a while, with the permission from the Turkish

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Po izvesno vreme, so dozvola turskata vlast bila napravena crkva od pleteni granki i kal. Dene{nata crkva bila napravena so samopridones na mesnoto naselenie i osvetena vo 1986 godina.

authorities a small church was built made from braided branches and mud. The today church was built with self-contribution from the local population and it was sanctified in 1986.

2. Spomenici i spomen obele`ja od NOB vo Kisela Voda

Spomenik na Naum Naumovski Bor~e. Se nao|a vo fabri~kiot dvor na Organsko hemiskata industrija OHIS, koja go nosi i negovoto ime. Spomen-ku}a vo koja na 5 noemvri 1941 godina bil odr`an sostanok na Pokrainskiot Komitet na KPM na koj bila donesena odluka Vele{kata, Bitolskata, Kru{evskata i Resenskata partiska organizacija da organiziraat i da formiraat partizanski odredi. Spomen beleg za akcijata - uni{tuvawe na germanski avion vo 1941 godina. Akcijata bila izvedena na 06.06.1941 godina od strana na grupa u~enici od Tehni~koto u~ili{te. Spomen belegot se nao|a vo naselbata Aerodrom. Spomen-beleg za zatvorenite Evrei vo 1943 godina {to se nao|a na edna od zgradite na tutunskiot kombinat vo Skopje. Spomen-park vo naselba Dra~evo. Posveten e na pette zaginati pripadnici na bezbednosnite sili na Republika Makedonija od Op{tina Kisela Voda, zaginati vo voeniot konflikt vo 2001 godina. Spomen-bista na Nevena Georgieva Duwa. Postavena e vo osnovnoto u~ili{te koe go nosi nejzinoto ime, a koe se nao|a vo naselbata "11 Oktomvri". Spomen-bista na Mirka Ginova. Postavena e vo dvorot na tekstilniot kombinat koj go nosi nejzinoto ime. Spomen-bista na Blagoja Despotovski [oveq. Postavena e vo dvorot na Tutunskiot kombinat koj go nosi negovoto ime. Spomen-bista na Kuzman Josifovski - Pitu. Se nao|a vo osnovnoto u~ili{te koe go nosi negovoto ime.

Monuments and memorials from People Liberation struggle in Kisela Voda

Monument of Naum Naumovski ­ Borce. It is placed in the yard of the Factory for Organic and Chemical industry OHIS, which also carries his name. th Memorial House where on 5 November 1941 the Province Committee of KPM (Communist Party of Macedonia) held a meeting when the decision for organizing and forming partisan units was made by the party organizations from Veles, Bitola, Krusevo and Resen. Memorial for the action ­destroying of a German plane in 1941. The action was th carried out on 6 June 1941 by a group of students from the Technical School. This memorial is placed in the settlement Aerodrom. Memorial for the imprisoned Jews in 1943. It is placed on one of the buildings of Tobacco Factory in Skopje. Memorial-park in settlement Dracevo. It is dedicated to the five killed men of the military defense forces of Republic Macedonia from the Municipality Kisela Voda, killed in the war conflict in 2001. Monument dedicated to Nevena Georgieva ­Dunja. It is placed in the primary school that carries her name in the settlement "11 October". Monument dedicated to Mirka Ginova. It is placed in the yard of the textile factory that carries her name. Monument dedicated to Blagoja Despotovski Shovelj. It is placed in the yard of the Tobacco Factory that carries his name. Monument dedicated to Kuzman Josifovski ­ Pity. It is placed in the primary school that carries his name.

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VI. SELSKI NASELBI VO OP[TINA KISELA VODA

S. Dra~evo

Seloto i naselbata Dra~evo se nao|aat 0 na 41 56' severna geografska {irina na 0 21 31'40'' isto~na geografska dol`ina i na nadmorska viso~ina od 250 metri.Seloto se prostira na granicite pome|u visokoto zemji{te na jugozapad i prostranite aluvijalni ramnini na Skopskata kotlina na severoistok. Po katastrofalniot zemjotres vo 1963 godina pod seloto e izgradena monta`na naselba za 11.000 `iteli, podarok na Skopje od grade`nata operativa i `itelite na SR Srbija. Imeto Dra~evo e izvedeno od apelativot dra~ {to pretstavuva ime na vid trnlivo rastenie (Paliurus aculeatus) so sufiksot -evo.Spored etimologijata na zborot, imeto Dra~evo slu`i za ozna~uvawe na mesto kade {to go imalo ova rastenie. Spored usnoto predanie, nastanuvaweto na s. Dra~evo e povrzano so mesnosta Salakovo na planinata Karaxica. Vo 1815 godina skopskiot pa{a imal voen pohod za koj mu bile potrebni pove}e kowi. Po preporaka na eden ~ovek, taka nare~en Kriv Meto pa{ata so gavazite se upatil kon Salakovo. Od selanite sobral 70 kowi, so vetuvawe po bitkata da im gi vrati na sopstvenicite. Pa{ata go ispolnil svoeto vetuvawe, iako ne bile vrateni site kowi, no kako blagodarnost im dozvolil na selanite da se simnat vo kotlinata na dene{niot dra~evski atar. Prvo se spu{tile do s. Dra~evica, a potoa i na dene{noto mesto na s. Dra~evo. Prvi doseleni familii se: Da{kovci, Ke~ovci, ^urevci i Marligovci. Vo rimsko vreme vo atarot na seloto Dra~evo postoelo edno utvrdeno selo koe

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VI. VILLAGE SETTLEMENTS IN MUNICIPALITY KISELA VODA

V. Drachevo

The village and the settlement Drachevo are located on 41?56' north geographical width and 21?31'40" east geographical length, and 250 meters sea level. The village spreads over the borders between the high land in southwest and the wide alluvial plains of the Skopje Valley in northeast. After the catastrophic earthquake in 1963 an installing settlement was built under the village for 11.000 citizens, a gift to Skopje by the construction management and the citizens of FR. Serbia. The name Drachevo is derived from the appellative drach, which represents the name of type of thorn plant (Paliurus aculeatus) with the suffix ­evo. According to the etymology of the word the name Drachevo serves to signify a place where this plant grows. According to the oral folklore tradition, the forming of village Drachevo is connected with the county Salakovo on the mountain Karadzica. In 1815 the pasha of Skopje undertook a military expedition for which he needed many horses. On a recommendation of a man called Kriv Meto, the pasha and his men went towards Salakovo. He gathered 70 horses from the villagers and promised that after the battle he will return them to their owners. The Pasha fulfilled his promise, although not all horses were returned, and as gesture of gratitude he allowed the villagers to move down in the valley of the today drach center. First, they moved to village Dracevica and then they came to the current place of v. Drachevo. The first families that moved were: Dashkovci, Kechovci, Curevci and Marligovci. In the roman period in the center of the village Drachevo a fortified village had existed covering a surface of 15 hectares along with a

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zafa}alo prostor od 15 ha so edna crkva i grobi{ta i edna kula. Toa opstojuvalo se do 4 - 5 vek, a negovoto postoewe go potvrduvaat pronajdenite grobnici kaj mesnosta Tresali{te. Prvite podatoci za naselenite mesta na teritorijata na dene{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda poteknuvaat od prvata polovina na 15 kako i vtorata polovina na 16 vek. Spored ovie podatoci, najgolemo naseleno mesto bilo s. Dra~evo, koe do doa|aweto na Turcite bilo celosno naseleno so pravoslavno hristijansko makedonsko naselenie. Se nao|alo vo Skopskata nahija. Okolu 1452-53 godina vo nego `iveele 40 makedonski hristijanski semejstva i 3 ne`eneti, podocna, vo 1467-68 godina toj broj se zgolemil i iznesuval 57 makedonski hristijanski semejstva i 6 vdovici. Nagoren trend seloto zabele`uva neceli dvaeset godini podocna, odnosno vo 1481-82 godina koga brojnata sostojba na semejstvata se zgolemuva na 88, a za prv pat vo seloto se evidentirani i 5 muslimanski semejstva. Poradi dobrata mestopolo`ba, idealna za razvoj na zemjodelstvoto, vo prvata polovina na 16 vek drasti~no se zgolemuva brojot na makedonskoto naselenie koe tuka se naseluva od okolnite selski naselbi. Taka, vo 1528-29 godina vo s. Dra~evo `iveele 127 hristijanski makedonski semejstva (7 ne`eneti) i 4 muslimanski semejstva, vo 1544-45 godina brojot se nagolemil na 155 makedonski i 3 muslimanski semejstva, a vo 1568-69 godina toj broj iznesuval 149 makedonski hristijanski semejstva (i 59 ne`eneti) i nitu edno muslimansko semejstvo. Prvite pi{uvani statisti~ki podatoci za s. Dra~evo gi imame od 1896 godina koga imalo 150 ku}i i 1180 `iteli. Pod bugarska i srpska okupacija i po osloboduvaweto do 1965 godina toa bilo op{tinski centar. Vo 1914 godina Skopskata okolija bila podelena na pove}e op{tini, me|u koi i Op{tina Dra~evo vo koja vleguvale 8 sela so vkupno 4944 `iteli.Spored oficijalnite statisti~ki podatoci, objaveni za celoto Kralstvo SHS, vo 1921 godina op{tina-

church, cemetery and one tower. It existed until th th 4 -5 century and the discovered tombs near the County Tresalishte confirm this. The first data about the populated places on the territory of the actual Municipality Kisela th Voda originated from the first half of the 15 th and second half of the 16 century. According to this data, the biggest populated place was v. Drachevo, which before the coming of the Turks was populated by Macedonian Christian orthodox population. It was placed in the Skopje nahia. Around 1452/1453, 40 Macedonian Christian families and 3 unmarried men lived in the village, later, in 1467/1468 that number increased and amounted to 57 Macedonian Christian families and 6 widows. This ascending trend has been noted ten years later in 1481/1482 when the number of the families increased to 88 and for the first time in the village 5 Muslim families had been evidenced. Because of the good geographical placement, ideal for development of agriculture, in the first th half of the 16 century the number of Macedonian population drastically increases for the reason that a lot of inhabitants from the near village settlements relocated to this village. So, in 1528/1529 in v. Drachevo lived 127 Macedonian Christian families (7 unmarried men) and 4 Muslim families, in 1544/1545 the number increased to 155 Macedonian and 3 Muslim families, and in 1568/1569 that number amounted 149 Macedonian Christian families (and 59 unmarried men) but no Muslim families. The first written statistic data about v. Drachevo come from 1896 when there were 150 houses and 1180 inhabitants. Under the Bulgarian and Serbian occupation and after the liberation until 1965 it was considered as a municipal center. In 1914 the Skopje County was divided in many municipalities and one of them was the Municipality Drachevo, which extended over 8 villages with total 4944 inhabitants. According to the official statistic data, published for the whole Kingdom SHS, in 1921 the Municipality Drachevo extended over 10 villages with 617 households and 4710 inhabitants. Just in the v. Drachevo there were 172 households with 617

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ta Dra~evo opfa}ala 10 sela so 617 doma}instva i 4710 `iteli. Samo s. Dra~evo imalo 173 domovi so 1405 `iteli. So Zakon od 3 oktomvri 1929 godina cela Vardarska Makedonija so delovi od Ju`na Srbija i Kosmet pretstavuvala edno administrativno-teritorijalno podra~je, so ime Vardarska banovina, a so sedi{te vo Skopje. Taa bila podelena na tri okru`ni inspektorati, dva samoupravni grada i 46 okolii so 525 op{tini, me|u koi i Dra~evska op{tina vo koja vleguvale 9 sela so 694 domovi i 5419 `iteli. Po okupacijata na Makedonija od strana na Bugarija vo 1941 godina vo Skopskata okolija postoele 17 op{tini, me|u koi i Dra~evskata so 8 sela i 8770 `iteli, a samo s. Dra~evo imalo 2600 `iteli. Po osloboduvaweto vo 1947 godina bila ukinata op{tinata Dra~evo i site sela vlegle vo Skopska okolija. So prviot popis sproveden na 15.03.1948 godina s. Dra~evo imalo 329 doma}instva so 2.747 `iteli, od koi 1.361 ma{ki i 1.386 `enski. Vo 1952 godina povtorno e oformena op{tina Dra~evo, koja e ukinata vo 1965 godina, od koga Dra~evo i okolnite sela se priklu~eni kon Op{tina Kisela Voda, vo ~ij sostav e do denes. Spored popisot od 1953 godina, Op{tina Dra~evo broela 9.466 `iteli, a samo s. Dra~evo 3.094. Spored popisot od 2002 godina, vo s. Dra~evo `iveat 8.641 `itel vo 2.467 doma}instva i 3.128 ku}i. Vo n. Dra~evo ima 10.605 `iteli, 3095 doma}instva i 3.431 ku}i i stanovi. Od vkupno 1145 hektari obrabotliva povr{ina na seloto 200 hektari se vo op{testvena sopstvenost, a 945 hektari se na individualniot sektor.Od vkupnata povr{ina 70% e vo ramni~arski a 30% vo ridski del. Od obrabotlivata povr{ina pod gradinarstvo se 338 hektari, pod `ita 229 hektari, pod industriski kulturi 70 hektari i pod fura`ni kultiri 60 hektari. So upotrebata na agrotehni~ki merki vo obrabotkata se dobivaat visoki prinosi po hektar, so koi se za-

inhabitants. With the Law from 3rd October 1929, the whole Vardar Macedonia with parts from South Serbia and Kosmet represented one administrative-territorial area named Vardar Banovina with Skopje as its administrative center. It was divided to three county inspectorates, two self-governing cities and 46 counties with 525 municipalities, among which was Municipality Drachevo with 9 villages, 694 households and 5419 inhabitants. In 1941, after the Bulgarian occupation over Macedonia 17 municipalities existed in the Skopje area, one of them was Municipality Drachevo which was comprised of 8 villages and 8770 inhabitants, and 2600 lived just in the v. Drachevo. After the liberation in 1947 the Municipality Drachevo was abolished and all its villages came under the Skopje County. With the first census made in 15th March in v. Drachevo there were 329 households with 2.747 inhabitants, of which 1.361 were male and 1.386 female. In 1952 the Municipality Drachevo was formed again and abolished again in 1965 when Drachevo and the near by villages were included in Municipality Kisela Voda and they still remain today. According to the census from 1953 Municipality Drachevo numbered 9.466 inhabitants and just the v. Drachevo numbered 3.094. According to the census in 2002, in v. Dracevo live 8.641 inhabitants in 2.467 households and 3.128 houses. In settlement Drachevo there are 10.605 inhabitants, 3095 households and 3.431 houses and apartments. From the total 1145 hectares of cultivation land in the village, 200 hectares belong to the state and 945 hectares belong to the individual sector. From the total land, 70% extends over the plain part and 30% extends over the hill part of the region. From the cultivation land, 338 hectares are used for gardening; 229 hectares are used for growing different types of wheat; 70 hectares for industrial cultures; and 60 hectares are used for covered cultures. The usage of agro-technical resources in the cultivation brought on high crops that satisfied the needs of the local population and the rest went to the markets.

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dovoluvaat sopstvenite potrebi, a vi{okot go plasiraat na pazarite. Prviot industriski kapacitet vo Dra~evo e fabrikata za tuli i keramidi "Partizanka", sega "Tipo", koja po~nala so rabota u{te pred Vtorata svetska vojna. Denes Dra~evo ima pove}e mali privatni pretprijatija za proizvodstvo, servisirawe i golem broj prodavnici so stoka za {iroka potro{uva~ka,supermarketi i sopstven pazar. Na potegot pome|u n. Pintija i mostot na Markova Reka iznikna industriska zona so pove}e proizvodstveni i prerabotuva~ki pogoni i razni servisi. Vo nego rabotat 3 sredni u~ili{ta, 3 osnovni i 2 gradinki, po{ta i avtomatska telefonska centrala. Vo Zdrastveniot dom rabotat pove}e specijalisti~ki ordinacii, op{ta i u~eni~ka ambulanta so opremeni laboratorii i so potrebniot stru~en personal so no}ni, nedelni i prazni~ni de`urstva. U{te vo 1946 godina vo Dra~evo bila formirana `enska igraorna grupa "Kitka", koja vo 1968 godina prerasna vo KUD "Kitka" so igraorna, peja~ka, muzi~ka i dramska sekcija. Dru{tvoto imalo golem broj nastapi vo zemjata i vo stranstvo i osvoilo mnogu nagradi. Sekade kade {to nastapuvalo plenelo so originalnosta na nosijata, pesnata i posta-venite ora na svojot repertoar od ovoj kraj kako {to se orata: Dra~evka, ^u~uk, @ensko krsteno, Baba \ur|a, Grba~, Postupano i dr. Vo sportot nema klubovi {to postignale prvoliga{ki status no vo ponizok rang uspe{no se natprevaruvale dve fudbalski ekipi, dve rakometni, ko{arkarka ekipa, planinarsko dru{tvo i Dru{tvoto za telesno vospituvawe "Partizan". Postojat dva fudbalski stadiona, pokriena sala i pove}e igrali{ta za mali sportovi, pateka za moto trki itn.

The first industrial facility in Drachevo is the factory for bricks and roof bricks called "Parizanka", present "Tipo", which started to work before the Second World War. Today in Drachevo there are many small private enterprises for production, servicing, and a large number of stores for mass consumption, supermarkets and its own bazaar. In the area between settlement Pintija and the bridge Markova Reka a new industrial zone arouse with many production and manufacturing facilities and services. In Drachevo there are 3 secondary schools, 3 primary schools and 2 kindergartens, also a post office and automatic phone central. In the health center there are many specialist offices, general and student ambulance with well-equipped laboratories and with the necessary qualified staff working in night, weekly and holiday shifts. Since 1946 in Drachevo, a female folklore dance group "Kitka" has been formed, which in 1968 grew into KUD "Kitka" with folklore dance, singing, musical and drama departments. The society had many performances in the state and abroad and has won many awards. In every place where this group performed it arose admiration with the originality of the traditional cloths and folklore songs and dances on its repertoire such as: "Drachevka", "Chuchuk", "Given female names", "Grandma Gjurgja", "Grbach", Postupano" and others. In the sport there are no clubs that achieved first-league status, but in the lower rang successful competitions played the two football teams, two handball teams, one basketball team, the climbing society and the Society for body education "Partizan". There are two football stadiums, a covered hall and many playgrounds for small sports, and a track for motorbike races and so forth.

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Slika 84. Del od s. Usje i Cementarnicata (2005). Photo 84. One part of the v. Usje and cement factory (2005).

S. Usje

Seloto Usje imeto go dobilo poradi nekoga{niot sliv na kanalite so voda koi doa|ale od planinata Vodno, koja pak imeto go dobila poradi mnogute izvori i izobilstvoto od voda. Prvite soznanija deka vo Usje postoela rimska naselba se od crkvata "Sv. Atanas" i grobovite so rimski natpisi {to se pronajdeni kaj mesnosta Bel~evica, kade {to e dene{nata naselba Pintija. So propasta na Rimskata imperija vo docniot 6 vek skoro site naseleni mesta od prostorot na dene{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda bile uni{teni ili napu{teni. Nekoi bile uni{teni i od zemjotresot {to go pogodil Skupi vo 518 godina. Od turskiot period se zabele`ani nekolku statisti~ki podatoci za seloto. Vo 1452/53 godina vo s. Usje `iveele 13 make50 GODINI

V. Usje

The village Usje got its name on account of the former flow of water canals that came from the mountain Vodno, which got its name because of the many water springs and its abundance with water. The first cognitions about the existence of a roman settlement in Usje came from the church "St. Atanas" and the tombs with roman engravings discovered in the county Belchevica where the settlement Pintija is located. With the ruin of the Roman Empire in the late 6th century almost all the populated places in the area of today Municipality Kisela Voda were destroyed or abandoned. Some of them were also destroyed from the earthquake that had stricken Skupi in 518. A few statistic data about the village are evidenced from the Turkish period. In 1452/53, 13 Macedonian Christian families (5 unmarried

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donski hristijanski semejstva (5 ne`eneti i 2 vdovici). Vo 1467/68 godina vo nego `iveele 20 semejstva i 4 vdovici, a vo 1481/82 godina 16 makedonski semejstva i 7 vdovici. Vo 1528/29 godina seloto imalo 34 hristijanski semejstva i 5 ne`eneti, no za prvpat se javuvaat i 4 muslimanski semejstva. Vo 1544/45 godina `iveele vo nego 32 makedonski hristijanski semejstva i 4 muslimanski, a vo 1568/69 godina imalo 29 makedonski hristijanski i 5 muslimanski semejstva. Spored V. Kn~ev, vo 1900 godina s. Usje imalo 25 ku}i so 140 `iteli. Vo 1921 godina imalo 26 ku}i so 254 `iteli. Vo 1941 godina s.Usje vleguvalo vo sostav na op{tinata Rakotinci i broelo 394 `iteli. Spored prviot povoen popis od 1948 godina, toa imalo 47 doma}instva so 403 `iteli, od koi 202 ma{ki i 201 `enski. Spored posledniot popis od 2002 godina seloto ima 845 `iteli, 235 doma}instva i 253 ku}i. Bolesta ~uma seloto Usje go zafa}ala nekolku pati, a posledniot pat vo 1878 godina od nea na sred zima izumrel najgolem broj od stokata. Seloto edna{ bilo celosno zapaleno od Tatarite, a bila i razru{ena crkvata "Sv.Atanasie". Pred okolu 200 godini s. Usje bilo po~ifliguvano, odnosno zemjata na selanite im bila odzemena od beglerbegovi. Poslednite sopstvenici na ~iflizite bile: Etembeg so negovite sinovi, Ismail-aga Kazas, Ali Efendija i Sarik-aga, a ne{to podocna mal ~iflik kupil i makedonecot Mile Simixija od Skopje. Begovite `iveele vo Skopje, a ambari so `ito imale vo seloto. Vo begovskite kuli `iveele suba{ii koi go zastapuvale begot i gi nadgleduvale rabotite na selanite. Do seloto Usje, kako povr{inski kop se eksploatira rudnikot za proizvodstvo na cement i blagodarej}i na kvalitetot na surovinata i blizinata f-ka "Usje" so godini e edna od najuspe{nite vo na{ata dr`ava.

men and 2 widows) lived in v. Usje. In 1467/68 there were 20 families and 4 widows and in 1481/82 there were 16 Macedonian families and 7 widows. In 1528/29 there were 34 Christian families and 5 unmarried men, but for the first time 4 Muslim families were recorded in the village. In 1544/45 there were 31 Macedonian Christian and 4 Muslim families, and in 1568/69 there were 29 Macedonian Christian families and 5 Muslim families in the village. According to V. Knchev, in 1900 there were 25 houses with 140 inhabitants in the v. Usje. In 1921 there were 26 houses with 254 inhabitants. In 1941 the v. Usje became a part of the municipality Rakotinci and numbered 394 inhabitants. According to the first after-war census in 1948 the village was comprised of 47 households with 403 inhabitants from which 202 were male and 201 female. According to the last census in 2002 there are 845 inhabitants, 235 households and 253 houses in the village. The plague ravaged the village Usje several times. The last time in 1878 the plague was the cause for the dieing of the largest number of livestock in midwinter. Once the village was completely burned by the Tatars and also the church "St. Atanasie" was destroyed. Around 200 years ago, the village Usje was transformed into an agricultural estate, meaning that the land was taken from the villagers by the begler-beys. The last owners of the estate were: Etem-bey and his sons, Ismailaga Kazas, Ali Efenidia and Sarik-aga, and some years later the Macedonian Mile Simidgija from Skopje bought a small estate. The beys lived in Skopje but their wheat-barns were located in the village. The subashies lived in the bey towers and they represented the bey and supervised the work of the villagers. Near the village Usje there is a mine for open-surface excavation and production of cement. On account of the quality of the raw material and the close location, the factory "Usje" for many years has been the most successful in our state

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S. Kisela Voda

Vo povoeniot razvoj na selata i nagloto pro{iruvawe na gradot Skopje seloto Kisela Voda fizionomski i funkcionalno prerasnalo vo gradska naselba, odnosno stanalo del od Skopje. Denes negoviot atar ima povisok stepen na urbanizacija, taka {to statisti~ki e izbri{ano kako selo i se vodi kako del od gradot. Seloto se nao|alo na podno`jeto na Vodno i imeto s. Kisela Voda go dobilo poradi izvorite so kisela voda koi po~nale da se eksploatiraat u{te od vizantiskiot period. Kolkav bil vodniot potencijal mo`e da se potvrdi i od silniot pritisok koj vo izvorot kaj crkvata "Sv.Nikita" porano frlal mlaz i do 6 metri visina. Za skopjani seloto prestavuvalo ubavo izletni~ko mesto, a kiselata voda ja koristele za lekuvawe od razni bolesti. Otsekoga{ seloto Kisela Voda bilo me|u pomalite, taka {to vo turskiot period vo 1896 godina imalo 5 ku}i, a na po~etokot na 20 vek imalo 10 ku}i so 50 `iteli. Pretvoreno bilo vo ~iflik vo koj imalo edna od najubavite gradini vo okolinata na Skopje. Vo 1919 godina bila formirana op{tinata Dolnovodwanska vo koja vleglo i s. Kisela Voda so 36 `iteli. Op{tinata opfa}ala 7 sela so 198 domovi i 1.711 `iteli. Spored popisot od 1921 godina, seloto imalo 6 ku}i i 54 `iteli. So okupacijata od strana na Bugarite vo 1941 godina Skopskata okolija bila podelena na 16 selski op{tini i edna gradska, Skopska, vo koja vleguvalo i s. Kisela Voda so 62 `iteli. Spored zakonite za teritorijalna podelba na NR Makedonija, od 1945 do 1955 godina s.Kisela Voda vleguvalo vo sostavot na Skopskiot okrug i zatoa za ovoj period statisti~kite podatoci za seloto ne se iska`uvaat poodelno. Taka e prodol`eno i po formiraweto na Op{tina Kisela Voda, koja go zela imeto na seloto, koe pove}e ne postoi, kako posebna urbanisti~ka celina. Po zemjotresot vo 1963 godina, verojatno poradi golemite tektonski potresi, podzemnite vodi vo Kisela Voda seknuvaat i go

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V. Kisela Voda

During the after war development of the villages and the fast expansion of the city Skopje, the village Kisela Voda externally and functionally has been transformed into a city settlement, meaning that it became a part of Skopje. Today its center has a high level of urbanization so that it is statistically erased as a village and it is considered as a part of the city. The village was located at the base of Vodno and it was named Kisela Voda because of the springs of mineral water, which began to be exploited in the Byzantium period. How big was the water potential could be confirmed through the big pressure that caused the fountain near the church "St. Nikita" to raise its water flow up to 6 meters height. For the Skopje residents the village represented a beautiful picnic place and the mineral water was used as treatment for many diseases. The village Kisela Voda was always one of the smaller ones, so that in the Turkish period in 1896 it was comprised from 5 houses and th in the beginning of the 20 century there were 10 houses with 50 inhabitants. It was transformed into an estate that had the most beautiful garden in the area of Skopje. In 1919 the Municipality Dolnovodnjanska was formed and the v. Kisela Voda with its 36 inhabitants entered in its constitution. The municipality extended over 7 villages with 198 households and 1.711 inhabitants. According to the census in 1921, there were 6 houses and 54 inhabitants in the village. During the Bulgarian occupation in 1941, the Skopje County was divided in 16 village municipalities and one city municipality Skopje, which included the village Kisela Voda with its 62 inhabitants. According to the laws for territorial division of NR Macedonia, the v. Kisela Voda was a part of the Skopje County and that is the reason why there are no separate statistic data about the village for the time period from 1945 to 1955. This was continued after the formation of Municipality Kisela Voda, which took the

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menuvaat svojot pravec. So naglata stanbena izgradba i so izgradbata na industriski kapaciteti seloto go menuva likot i stanuva sostaven del na gradot. Da spomeneme deka neposredno pred raspadot na turskata imperija za potrebite na kamenolomite koi postole mnogu porano, tamu bila izgradena i prvata `i~arnica vo Skopje i vo Makedonija, a bile upotrebuvani i vagonetki so ~ekreci za transport na kamewata do poniskite predeli.

S. Gorno Lisi~e

Seloto G.Lisi~e e rasposlano vo blizina na utokata na Markova Reka vo Vardar. Se nao|a na 250 metri nadmorska viso~ina, a 0 atarot na seloto se nao|a pome|u 41 59' se0 verna geografska {irina i 21 29' 30'' isto~na geografska {irina. Prvite pi{uvani materijali za s. G. Lisi~e poteknuvaat od 14 vek, odnosno od 1300 godina. Za prvpat seloto so imeto Lisi~e se spomenuva vo Povelbata na srpskiot kral Milutin (1282-1321) po povod obnoveniot manastir "Sv. \or|i" kraj Skopje, so koja kralot mu podaruva imot na manastirot. Vo ovaa povelba se naveduva patot koj vodi vo Lisi~e a doa|a od Skopje. Imeto Lisi~e, odnosno Lisi~ani e dokumentirano i vo gramotata na Mihail IX Paleolog od 1299 godina, so koja se podaruvaat imoti na manastirot "Sv. Nikita" na Skopska Crna Gora. Isto taka, i vo dve drugi gramoti se potvrduvaat prilo`uvawata i daruvawata na Vizantiskiot car Andronik II Paleolog na manastirot "Sv. Nikita". Vo ovie gramoti se spomenuvaat i zave{tanijata vo G.Lisi~e, dadeni na manastirot "Sv.Nikita". Etimologot I. Radulovi}, vo negovoto pi{uvawe za naselenieto na Podgorica, glaven grad na Crna Gora, veli deka stare{ina na Podgorica po doa|aweto na Turcite bil nekoj doselenik od Lisi~e koj tuka stignal so otseluvaweto od G. Lisi~e poradi prodorot na Turcite vo Makedonija. Po doa|aweto na Turcite, poradi isklu~itelno plodnata zemja koja davala izvonredni prinosi na zemjodelski proizvodi,

name of the village that no longer exists, and now stands as a separate urban unit. After the earthquake in 1963, probably because of the big tectonic movements, the underground waters in Kisela Voda ceased to flow and changed their direction. With the fast housing construction and the construction of industrial capacities the village changes its appearance and becomes a comprising part of the city. It should be mentioned that closely before the ruination of the Turkish Empire the first funicular railway was built there for the needs of the stone quarry that existed from earlier time, where small wagons with spinning wheels were also used for transportation of the stones to the lower parts.

V. Upper Lisiche

The village Upper Lisiche is spreaded near the mouth-flow of Markova Reka into Vradar. It is located on 250 meters sea level and the center of 0 the village is placed on 41 59' north geographical 0 width and 21 29'30" east geographical lenght. The first written materials about v. U. Lisiche th date back from the 14 century, meaning around 1300. For the first time the village with the name Lisiche is mentioned in the Declaration of the Serbian king Milutin (1282-1321) on the account of the reconstructed monastery "St. George" near Skopje, with which the king gives property as a gift to the monastery. In this declaration the road that starts from Skopje and leads to Lisiche was pointed out. The name Lisiche, meaning Lisichani is also documented in the charter of Michael IX from the 1299, with which properties were given as gifts to the monasteries "St. Nikita" located in Skopje Crna Gora. The contributions and gifts of the Byzantium czar Andronik II to the monastery "St. Nikita" are also confirmed in two other charters. In these charters are also mentioned the bequests in G. Lisiche given to the monastery. The etymologist I. Radulovik, in his writings about the population of Podgorica, the capital city of Monte Negro, says that after the coming of the Turks, the headman of Podgorica was a migrant from U. Lisiche who relocated here because of the Turkish invasion. After the Turkish occupation the entire Macedonian pop126

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celoto makedonsko naselenie bilo proterano, a tamu se doselile nekolku muslimanski semejstva vo ~ija sopstvenost bila i zemjata. Nivniot broj ne bil golem i iznesuval nekolku desetici familii. Vo staro vreme seloto se nao|alo na okolu 700 metri podaleku od sega{nata lokacija, pokraj samata utoka na Markova Reka vo Vardar. Okolu 1900 godina, koga nadojdenite vodi na Markova Reka go poplavile seloto, naselenieto se povleklo pogore na dene{noto mesto {to go vikale Lisi~ka, pa taka i go narekle seloto Lisi~e. Seloto se oformilo vo 1915 godina so 50 ku}i, a mestoto kade {to bilo staroto selo go zavikale Ku}i{te ili Pusti Ku}i. So doa|aweto na Turcite vo Makedonija seloto stanalo muslimansko, a naselenite Turci imeto G. Lisi~e go preina~ile i vo defterite go zapi{ale kako Akba{. Vaka bilo s# do 1912 godina koga povtorno vo dokumentite bilo zavedeno kako Lisi~e. Za da se sporedi kako rastelo seloto, gi prenesuvame poznatite statisti~ki podatoci. Spored Vasil Kn~ev, vo 1900 godina G. Lisi~e ima 330 `iteli, vo 1914 godina ima 533 `iteli, vo 1921 godina 58 domovi i 560 `iteli, vo 1929 godina 78 ku}i so 770 `iteli, vo 1941 ima 1000 `iteli, vo 1948 godina ima 237 doma}instva so 1849 `iteli, od koi 895 ma{ki i 854 `enski, vo 1953 godina ima 1847 `iteli, a vo 1991 godina ima 3305 `iteli i 823 doma}instva. Spored posledniot popis od 2002 godina, vo G. Lisi~e ima 18.223 `iteli, 5.095 doma}instva i 5.484 ku}i i stanovi. Od sevkupnite aktivnosti na sportsko i kulturno-umetni~ko pole vo seloto ja registrirame aktivnosta na KUD "Nikola Jonkov Vapcarov" so pove}e sekcii, niz kogo pominale mnogu ~lenovi i so svoite nastapi vo zemjata i vo stranstvo osvoile brojni nagradi i priznanija. Dru{tvoto e inicijator i organizator na manifestacijata "Vapcarovi denovi", ~ija cel e odbele`uvawe na godi{ninata od ra|aweto na golemiot poet od Pirinska Makedonija Nikola Jonkov Vapcarov.

ulation was banished because of the fertile land that bore outstanding crops of agricultural products. Several Muslim families settled in this area and they owned the land. Their number was not big and was around tens of families. In the old times the village was located nearly 700 meters further from the present location, just near the mouth-flow of Markova Reka into Vardar. Around 1900, when the aroused waters of Markova Reka flooded the village, the population moved up to the present location that was called Lisichka, so that is why the village is called Lisicshe. The village was formed in 1915 with 50 houses and the location of the previous village was called Kukjishte or Pusti Kukji. With the coming of the Turks in Macedonia, the village became Muslim and the Turkish inhabitants changed the name U. Lisiche into Akbash, a name used in their official documents. This was the village name until 1912 when the village was again recorded in the official documents by the name Lisiche. For the comparative reason of how the village expanded, we convey the known statistic data. According Vasil Knchev, in 1900 U. Lisiche was the home area for 330 inhabitants, in 1914 for 533 inhabitants, in 1921 ­ 561 inhabitants in 58 households, in 1929 ­770 inhabitants in 78 houses, in 1941 ­ 1000 inhabitants, in 1948 ­ 1849 inhabitants and 237 households, and in 1991 ­ 3305 inhabitants and 823 households. According to the last census in 2002, there are 18.223 citizens, 5.095 households and 5.484 houses and apartments in U. Lisiche. From the overall activities in the sport and cultural-art sphere in the village we register the activity of the Cultural Art Society (CAS) "Nikola Jonkov Vapcarov" with many departments and numerous members, who with their performances in the state and abroad won many awards and recognitions. The Society initiated and organized the manifestation "Vapcarov's Days" whose purpose is to mark the anniversary of the birth of the great poet from Pyrenean Macedonia ­ Nikola Jonkov Vapcarov. Many CAS from the state and abroad, singers, choirs, actors and academics perform at this traditional manifestation.

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Na ovaa tradicionalna manifestacija nastapuvaat KUD od zemjata i od stranstvo, peja~i, horovi, akteri i nau~ni rabotnici. Lisi~ani se organizatori i na tradicionalniot "Ilindenski mar{", na kogo u~esnicite oble~eni vo komitska nosija i na kowi trgnuvaat od s. G. Lisi~e za na Ilinden da stignat vo Kru{evo i da im oddadat po~it na slavnite ilindenci.

Lisiche inhabitants are also organizers of the traditional "Ilinden March" when the participants, wearing traditional folklore cloths, begin their quest on horses from U. Lisiche so they can arrive in Krushevo on the national holiday "Ilinden" and give their respect to the famous freedom fighters from that time.

Lower Lisiche

The village Lower Lisiche had similar history and it appears somehow later in the census documentation. The Turks called the village Dodge and it was forcefully transformed into an agricultural estate village. Until the end of the Turkish rule, owners of the estates of the village were: Adgi-ata bey, Adgi Kerim, Rushit-aga, Asan-aga, Shakir-bey, Shukri-bey and others. Adgi-ata bey was an Albanian who "came from the mountains and forcefully" trough buying for a short time usurped half of the village land. He had estates in Jabolci and Dobridol. And in this village as the others the owners lived in the socalled bey towers together with their families. Around the towers there were houses of the Macedonian villagers. The villagers were freed from this slave condition in 1912. Until thirty years ago, only the tower of Ali-bey had been left from the many towers in the village. In the Turkish period, the village was administratively a part of the Skopje County and that is where it remained from 1912 till 1944. After that the village was a part of the municipality Drachevo and in 1955 became a part of the newly formed Municipality Kisela Voda. The following statistic data are found about the village Lower Lisiche. In 1896, the village is consisted of 50 houses and according to V. Knchev in 1900, it has 35 households with 260 inhabitants. In 1921 there are 18 houses with 250 inhabitants. In 1941 there are 450 inhabitants, in 1948 there are 26 households with 253 inhabitants, of which 122 are male and 131 female. In 1953 there are 526 inhabitants. According to the last census in 2002 there are 2240 inhabitants, 680 households and 834 houses in v. L. Lisiche.

S. Dolno Lisi~e

Sli~na bila sostojbata i so s. Dolno Lisi~e, koe vo popisite se javuva ne{to podocna, a Turcite go narekle Doxe. Nasila pretvoreno vo ~if~isko selo bilo i s. Dolno Lisi~e. Sopstvenici na ~iflicite do pred krajot na turskoto vladeewe bile: Axi-ata beg, Axi ]erim, Ru{it-aga, Asan-aga, [a}ir-beg, [ukri-beg i dr. Axi-ata beg bil Albanec "koj do{ol od planinite i so sila" i preku kupuvawe za kuso vreme go prisvoil polovina od selskoto zemji{te. Toj imal ~iflici u{te vo Jabolci i Dobridol. I vo ova selo sopstvenicite na ~iflicite `iveele vo tn. begovski kuli zaedno so svojata familija. Okolu kulite bile na~i~kani ~if~iskite ku}i na makedonskite selani. Od ovaa ropska polo`ba selanite se oslobodile po 1912 godina. Od pove}eto kuli vo seloto do pred triesetina godini, edinstveno bila za~uvana kulata na Ali-beg. Vo tursko vreme seloto administrativno bilo vo sostav na Skopskata kaza i taka ostanalo i od 1912 do 1944 godina. Potoa vleguvalo vo sostav na op{tina Dra~evo, a vo 1955 e vo sostav na novoformiranata Op{tina Kisela Voda. Za seloto Dolno Lisi~e se pronajdeni slednite statisti~ki podatoci.Vo 1896 godina ima 50 ku}i, a spored V. Kn~ev vo 1900 godina ima 35 doma}instva so 260 `iteli. Vo 1921 godina ima 18 ku}i so 250 `iteli. Vo 1941 ima 450 `iteli, vo 1948 ima 26 doma}instva so 253 `iteli od koi 122 ma{ki i 131 `enski. Vo 1053 godina imalo 526 `iteli. Spored posledniot popis od 2002 godina s. D.Lisi~e ima 2440 `iteli, 680 doma}instva i 834 ku}i.

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VII. OP[TINI KOI PROIZLEGLE OD OP[TINATA KISELA VODA

Op{tina Sopi{te

Teritorijata na Op{tina Sopi{te se nao|a na jugozapadniot del na Skopskata kotlina me|u dolinite na Markova Reka i Treska. Taa se grani~i so op{tinite Studeni~ani i Samokov, a na tesen prostor so @eqino, Saraj i Kisela Voda. Op{tinata Sopi{te zafa}a povr{ina 2 od 223 km i se vbrojuva vo sredno golemite op{tini vo Republikata. Spored posledniot popis od 2002 godina, vo op{tinata Sopi{te `iveat 9.522 `iteli vo 2.627 doma}instva i 4.875 ku}i. Prose~nata gustina na nasele2 nieto iznesuva 43 `iteli na eden km . Od vkupnoto naselenie Makedonci se 7.216 ili 75.78%, Albanci 1.942 ili 20.39%, Turci 244 ili 2.56%, Vlasi 15 ili 0.16%, Srbi 58 ili 0.61% i drugi 47 ili 0.49%. Vo sostav na op{tinata Sopi{te se nao|aat 13 naseleni mesta i toa: Sopi{te, Dobri Dol, Sowe, Gorno Sowe, ^iflik, Jabolce, Pati{ka Reka, Barovo, Sveta Petka, Govrlevo, Nova Breznica, Dra`ilovo i Rakotinci. Vkupnata agrarna povr{ina na Op{tinata iznesuva 21.720 ha. Od nea na obrabotlivo zemji{te otpa|aat 5.254 ha ili 24.2%, pasi{ta 9.673 ha ili 40% i pod {umi se 7.793 ha ili 35.8%. Na podra~jeto na Op{tinata rabotat nekolku stopanski pretprijatija i javni slu`bi: POS "Skovin", Fer{ped, [umskiot kompleks "Karaxica", Nacionalniot rezervat "Jasen", Rudnikot "Brzovec", AD Cementarnica "Usje", Gradskata deponijata "Drisla", branata "Kozjak", satelitskiot centar "Nova Breznica" i drugi.

VII. MUNICIPALITIES THAT EMERGED FROM MUNICIPALITY KISELA VODA

Municipality Sopishte

The territory of Municipality Sopishte is located on the southwest part of the Skopje valley between the valleys of Markova Reka and Treska. This municipality borders with the municipalities Studenichani and Samokov, and in small distance with Zeljino, Saraj and Kisela Voda. The Municipality Sopishte covers 223 square kilometers of land and it is considered one of the middle large municipalities of the Republic. According to the last census in 2002, there are 9.522 inhabitants in municipality Sopishte along with 2.267 households and 4.875 houses. The average density of the population is 43 inhabitants per one square kilometer. From the total population Macedonians are 7.216 or 75,78%, Albanians are 1.942 or 20,39%, Turks are 244 or 2,56 %, Vlahs 15 or 0,61 %, Serbs 58 or 0,61 % and others 47 or 0,49 %. The Municipality Sopishte is comprised by the following populated places: Sopishte, Dobri Dol, Sonje, Upper Sonje, Chiflik, Jabolce, Patishka Reka, Barovo, Saint Petka, Govrlevo, New Breznica, Drazhilovo and Rakotinci. The total agricultural land in the Municipality Sopishte amounts to 21.720 hectares. This land consists of cultivation land 5.254 hectares or 24,2%, pastures 9.673 hectares or 40% and forestland 7.793 hectares or 35,8%. Several economic enterprises and public services operate in the area of the municipality. They are: POS "Skovin", "Fershped", the forest complex "Karadgica", the national reservation "Jasen", the mine "Brzovec", the cement factory "Usje", the city dump "Drisla", the dam "Kozjak", the satellite center "New Breznica" and others.

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Op{tina Studeni~ani

Op{tinata Studeni~ani go zafa}a ju`niot i jugozapadniot del na Skopskata kotlina. Se grani~i so op{tinite: Sopi{te, Kisela Voda, Zelenikovo, Veles i na pomal prostor so Bogomila i Samokov. Teritorijata na op{tina Studeni~ani 2 zazema povr{ina od 274 km i se vbrojuva vo sredno golemite op{tini vo Repulikata. Prose~nata gustina na naselenost vo nea izne2 suva 53 `iteli na eden km . Spored popisot od 2002 godina vo op{tinata Studeni~ani `iveat 17.246 `iteli i 3.570 doma}instva vo 4.349 ku}i. Od vkupniot broj na naselenie, Makedonci se 309 ili 1.79%. Albanci 11.793 ili 68.38%, Turci 3.285 ili 19.05%, Romi 73 ili 0.42%, Srbi 14 ili 0.08%, Bo{waci 1.662 ili 9.64% i drugi 110 ili 0.64%. Vo Op{tina Studeni~ani pripa|aat slednite 19 sela: Studeni~ani, Batinci, Dra~evica, Dolno Koli~ani, Gorno Koli~ani, Crvena Voda, Aldinci, Cvetovo, Elovo, Crn Vrv, Markova Su{ica, Vrtekica, Mal~i{te, Umovo, Pagaru{a, Osin~ani, Ramni Gaber i Morani. Vkupnata agrarna povr{ina na op{tinata Studeni~ani zafa}a 2.304 ha. Od nea na obrabotlivo zemji{te otpa|aat 6.815ha ili 29.5%, pasi{tata zazemaat povr{ina od 6.072 ha ili 26.4%, dodeka {umite zazemaat najgolema povr{ina od 10.153 ha ili 44.1%. Spored ovie podatoci, uslovi za razvoj na poledelstvoto ima vo nekolku ramni~arski sela, a za sto~arstvo vo planinskite sela. Najdobri uslovi ima za razvoj na {umskoto stopanstvo. Bogatstvoto na {umi, ekolo{ki ~isti reki i izvori dava golemi mo`nosti za razvoj na Op{tinata.

Municipality Studenichani

The municipality Studenichani covers the south and southwest part of the Skopje valley. It borders with the municipalities: Sopishte, Kisela Voda, Zelenikov, Veles, and in small distance with Bogomila and Samokov. The territory of the Municipality Studenichani covers 274 square kilometers of land and it is considered one of the middle large municipalities of the Republic. The average density of the population in the municipality is 53 inhabitants per one square kilometer. According to the last census in 2002, there are 17.246 inhabitants in municipality Studenichani along with 3.570 households and 4.349 houses. From the total population Macedonians are 309 or 1,79%, Albanians are 11.793 or 68,38%, Turks are 3.289 or 19,05 %, Roms 73 or 0,42 %, Serbs 14 or 0,08 %, Bosnians 1.662 or 9,64% and others 110 or 0,64 %. The Municipality Studenichani is comprised by the following 19 villages: Studenichani, Batinci, Drachevica, Lower Kolichani, Upper Kolichani, Crvena Voda, Aldinci, Cvetovo, Elovo, Crn Vrv, Markova Sushica, Vrtekica, Malchishte, Umovo, Pagarusha, Osinchani, Ramni Gaber and Morani. The total agricultural land in the Municipality Studenichani amounts to 23.040 hectares. The cultivation land spreads over 6.815 hectares or 29,5%, the pastures cover 6.072 hectares of the land or 26,4% while the forests cover the biggest part of the land 10.153 hectares or 44.1%. According to this data, there are conditions for development of the agriculture in the plain villages and for the animal farming in the mountain villages. But, the municipality has the best conditions for development of the forestry. There are great opportunities for development of this municipality because of its abundance of forests, ecologically clean rivers and springs.

Op{tina Zelenikovo

Teritorijata na op{tinata Zelenikovo se nao|a vo ju`niot del na Skopskata kotli2 na so povr{ina od 175 km i so prose~na gus2 tina na naselenost od 24 `iteli na eden km . Taa se protega vo pravec sever-jug, poto~no ju`nata strana prostorno se izdiga do srtot na planinata Gole{nica, a na severnata

Municipality Zelenikovo

The territory of Municipality Zelenikovo covers the south part of the Skopje valley on 175 square kilometers of land and with average population density of 24 inhabitants per one

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strana e stesnetata aluvijalna ramnina na Vardar, od kade {to vsu{nost zapo~nuva Taorskata Klisura. Spored toa, vo morfolo{ki pogled Op{tinata ima ramninsko-ridski i planinski karakter. Op{tinata Zelenikovo se grani~i so op{tinite: Studeni~ani, Petrovec i Veles. Spored popisot od 2002 godina, vo op{tinata Zelenikovo `iveat 4077 `iteli vo 1014 doma}instva i vo 1666 ku}i. Od vkupniot broj na `iteli Makedonci se 2522 ili 61.86%, Albanci 1206 ili 29.58%, Turci 1 ili 0.02%, Romi 92 ili 2.26%, Vlasi 1 ili 0.02%, Srbi 45 ili 1.10%, drugi 191 ili 4.68 i ne se izjasnile 19 ili 0.47%. Vo sostavot na Op{tinata ima 15 naseleni mesta i toa: Zelenikovo, Stanica Zelenikovo, Pako{evo, Novo Selo, Vra`ale, Gradovci, Dobrino, Taor, Gumalevo, Dejkovec, Smesnica, Strahojadica, Tisovica, Paligrad i Ore{ani. Vkupnata agrarna povr{ina na Op{tinata zafa}a 17.813 ha, od koi na obrabotlivoto zemji{te mu pripa|aat 3.761 ha ili 21.1%,pasi{ta so povr{ina od 1.770 ha ili 10.0%, dodeka {umite zazemaat najgolema povr{ina od 12.287 ha ili 68.9%. Uslovi za razvoj na poledelstvoto ima samo vo ramni~arskite naselbi, a uslovite se najdobri za razvoj na {umskoto stopanstvo

square kilometer. It spreads in north-south direction, and to be exact, the south side rises towards the top of the mountain Goleshnica and the north side is the narrow alluvial valley of Vardar, from where the Taoric Gorge begins. According to this, the municipality in morphological way has a plain-hill and mountain character. The Municipality Zelenikovo borders with the municipalities: Studenichani, Petrovec and Veles. According to the census in 2002, there are 4.077 inhabitants in 1.014 households and 1.666 houses in the Municipality Zelenikovo. From the total number of inhabitants Mace donians are 2.522 or 61,66%, Albanians are 1.206 or 29,58%, Turks 1 or 0,02 %, Roms 92 or 2,26 %, Vlahs 1 or 0,02%, Serbs 45 or 1,10 %, others 191 or 4,68 %, and not declared are 19 or 0,47%. The municipality is comprised from the following 15 populated places: Zelenikovo, Stanica Zelenikovo, Pakoshevo, Novo Selo, Vrazhale, Gradovci, Dobrino, Taor, Gumalevo, Dejkovec, Smesnica, Strahojadica, Tisovica, Paligrad and Oreshani. The total agricultural land in the municipality spreads over 17.813 hectares, from which cultivation land covers 3.761 hectares or 21,1%, pastures are 1.770 hectares of the land or 10,0%, while the forests cover the biggest part of the land of 12.287 hectares or 68.9%. There are conditions for agricultural development in the valley settlements, but the conditions are best for development of the forestry.

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ZAKLU^OK

Op{tinata Kisela Voda spored geografskata polo`ba se nao|a vo plodnata Skopska kotlina. Teritorijata na Op{tinata, spored svojot postanok, e relativno mlada geolo{ka gradba nastanata po tektonski pat pred pove}e milioni godini. Sega{nata teritorija na Op{tinata porano bila poplavena od golemoto Skopsko Ezero koe is~eznalo pred eden milion godini. Praistorijata na dene{nata teritorija na Op{tinata zapo~nuva pred okolu 3000 do 4000 godini pr. n. e. Za `al, }e ostane tajna koi bile tie lu|e {to tuka `iveele, kon koja etni~ka grupa pripa|ale i kade potoa is~eznale. Podatoci za naselenieto koe tuka `iveelo nao|ame vo starite anti~ki pi{ani izvori Spored niv, utvrdeno e deka teritorijata na dene{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda i po{iroko bila naselena od Pajoncite. Celata teritorija na dene{nata Op{tina i celiot skopski region bile vo sklopot na Pajonskata dr`ava, koja svojata najgolema mo} ja dostignala vo 6 vek pr.n.e., koga nejzinite granici se prostirale do Pelagonija. Vo sredinata na 4 vek pr.n.e. teritorijata na dene{nata Op{tina bila osvoena od makedonskiot kral Filip II (359 - 336 godina pr.n.e.). Toj vo 358 godina pr.n.e. ja osvoil celata teritorija na Pajoncite i nea ja vklopil vo s# pogolemoto makedonsko carstvo. Ottoga{ prestanuva Pajonija kako dr`ava da postoi, odnosno teritorijata na dene{nata op{tina Kisela Voda i po{iroko bile vklu~eni vo sostavot na makedonskata dr`ava. Koreniti promeni na politi~ki i ekonomski plan nastanale po potpa|aweto na Makedonija pod rimska vlast vo 146 godina pr.n.e. Vo rimsko vreme na teritorijata na dene{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda egzistirale pove}e naseleni mesta. Za nekoi ima informacii, no, za `al, za nekoi nema. Se rabotelo za mali i so pomal broj lu|e naselbi koi bile locirani kaj sega{nite naselbi Dra~evo i Usje. Niz teritorijata na Op{tinata vrvela i edna od najzna~ajnite patni komunikacii za vreme na rimskoto vladeewe - Vardarskiot pat. So propasta na rimskata imperija skoro site naseleni

CONCLUSION

Municipality Kisela Voda according to its geographical position is located in the fertile Skopje valley. The territory of the municipality according to its genesis is relatively young geological structure that occurred tectonically million years before. The present territory of the municipality used to be flooded by the great Skopje Lake that disappeared one million years ago. The prehistory of the present territory of the municipality begins around 3.000 to 4.000 years BC. Unfortunately, it will remain a mystery, who the people that lived in this area were, which ethnic group they belonged to and where they disappeared. Evidence about the population that lived here is found in the old antic writings. According to those, it is confirmed the territory of the present municipality Kisela Voda and further was inhabited by the Payons. The entire territory of the present municipality and the entire Skopje region were in the composition of the Payonic state that reached its highth est power in the 6 century BC with borders extending to Pelagonija region. In the middle of th the 4 century BC the territory of the present Municipality was concurred by the Macedonian King Fillip II (359-336 BC). In year 358 BC he had concurred the entire territory of the Payons and included in the great Macedonian kingdom. Since than the Payonic state sized to exist meaning the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda and larger was included in the composition of the Macedonian state. Radical changes of the political and economical situation occurred after Macedonia was subjected under Roman authority in 146 BC. During the Roman time period on the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda several settlements existed. For some of them there is information but for the rest there are no information what so ever. Generally the settlements were small or with smaller number of people located at the present settlements of Drachevo and Usje. During the Roman time period through the territory of the Municipality one of the most significant road communications the Vardar road was used. With

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mesta vo Op{tinata bile uni{teni ili napu{teni vo docniot 6 vek. Sostojbata u{te pove}e se uslo`nila po katastrofalniot zemjotres vo 518 godina koga celosno bilo razru{eno toga{noto Skupi i naselenite mesta na teritorijata na sega{nata Op{tina. Prodorot i naseluvaweto na Slovenite na teritorijata na dene{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda zavr{il vo prvata polovina na 7 vek. Najgolemiot del od toga{noto makedonsko i drugo mesno naselenie, sepak, uspealo da ja pre`ivee slovenskata invazija. Pritoa, do{lo do me{awe so starosedelcite - Anti~kite Makedonci i drugoto, pomalubrojno, romanizirano naselenie. Ne{to podocna, so prirodna simbioza pome|u Anti~kite Makedonci i Slovenite, do{lo do konstituirawe na dene{niot makedonski narod, koj na ovie prostori prodol`il da `ivee s# do denes. Turcite sega{nata teritorija na Op{tinata kako i gradot Skopje go zavzemaat relativno brzo na 19 januari (spored noviot kalendar) 1392 godina. Zatoa i turskata vlast se ra{irila dosta rano. Prvite podatoci za naselenite mesta na teritorijata na dene{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda poteknuvaat od prvata polovina na 15 i vtorata polovina na 16 vek. Spored ovie podatoci, najgolemo naseleno mesto bilo s. Dra~evo, koe do doa|aweto na Turcite bilo celosno naseleno so pravoslavno hristijansko makedonsko naselenie. Vtorata selska naselba bila s. Gorno Lisi~e ili Akba{, kako {to go vikale Turcite. Drugite selski naselbi bile selata Dolno Lisi~e, Usje, a podocna i s. Kisela Voda. Osnovnata stopanska dejnost na naselenieto vo selata na teritorijata na sega{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda bilo zemjodelstvoto, a se odgleduvalo i grozjeto, bostanot, a od ovo{kite orevite, jabolkata itn. Naselenieto odgleduvalo i izvesen broj stoka. Avstro-turskata vojna, koja se vodela od 1683 do 1699 godina, bil zna~aen politi~ki nastan koj{to ostavil zabele`itelni tragi vo natamo{niot `ivot na naselenieto od ovoj kraj. Teritorijata na sega{nata Op{tina bila mesto kade {to se odvivale pove}e voeni dejstva. Onie makedonski semejstva {to ne uspeale da se povle~at se zasolnile vo okolnite visoki

the destruction of the Roman Empire almost all of the existing settlements in the Municipality were destroyed or abandoned in the late th 6 century. The situation got even more complicated due to the catastrophic earthquake in year 518 that had entirely destroyed Skupi and unfortunately all other populated areas on the territory of the present Municipality near Drachevo and Usje. The incursions and settlements of the Slovene on the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda concluded in the first half of th the 7 century. The largest part of the existing Macedonian and other native population succeeded in surviving the Slovene invasion. At the same time mixing with the natives- the ancient Macedonians and the other minority Roman population occurred. Latter on, with the natural symbiosis between the Slovenes and the ancient Macedonians the constitution of the present Macedonian nation occurred that continued and presently lives on this region. The Turks had relatively quickly conquered the present territory of the Municipality as well as the City of Skopje on January 19th (according to the new calendar) 1392. On that reason the Turkey authority was spread very early. The first recorded evidence of the inhabited areas on the present territory of municipality Kisela Voda are from the first half of the th th 15 and the second half of the 16 century. According to these data, the largest populated area was Dracevo village that till the Turkish incursion was entirely populated with Christian Macedonian population. The second village settlement was village Upper Lisiche or Akbash as the Turks called it. Other village settlements were the villages Lower Lisiche, Usje and latter village Kisela Voda. The basic economic activity of the population in the villages on the present territory of the Municipality Kisela Voda was agriculture. On larger areas vineyards and watermelons were planted and the orchards were planted with apple trees, nuts and other. The population farmed certain number of small cattle. Austro-Turkish war during the time period from 1683 to 1699 was significant political event that resulted with deep changes in the

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planinski predeli. Od ovie `iteli poteknuvaat najstarite makedonski rodovi. Posledicite od ovie nastani predizvikale promeni ~ii tragi se ~uvstvuvaat i denes. Toj period trael vo narednite 150 godini, odnosno s# do 1912 - 13 godina. Ova bil period na iseluvawe na Makedoncite i doseluvawe na Albancite i Makedoncite Muslimani, no i na stradawata od razni zarazni bolesti, posebno ~umata, koja vo ovie krai{ta, a se razbira i vo po{irokoto pod-ra~je na Skopsko, ostavila katastrofalni posledici. Glaven beleg na politi~kite priliki vo cela Makedonija vo krajot na 19 i po~etokot na 20 vek i dalo formiraweto na VMRO vo 1893 godina. Najgolema afirmacija VMRO do`iveala po izbuvnuvaweto na Ilindenskoto vostanie vo avgust 1903 godina, koga celata teritorija na Makedonija bila od temel potresena. Vostanieto vo Skopskiot revolucioneren okrug, kade {to pripa|ala i teritorijata na sega{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda, sepak, nemalo golem intenzitet na oru`eni dejstvija. Presvrten moment vo istorijata na naselenite mesta vo Op{tina Kisela Voda nastanal za vreme na balkanskite vojni. Teritorijata na sega{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda direktno ne bila zafatena so borbenite dejstva, so isklu~ok na nekoi mesta dol` `elezni~kata linija. Pod srpska vlast potpadnala na 30 oktomvri 1912 godina, koga bile zazemeni Dra~evo, G. Lisi~e itn. Nabrgu po zavr{uvaweto na Vtorata balkanska vojna, vo letoto na 1914 godina, zapo~nala Prvata svetska vojna. Ovaa teritorija bila zazemena od strana na Vtorata bugarska armija na 11 dekemvri 1915 godina. Bugarskata vlast vo Makedonija, a se razbira i na teritorijata na sega{nata Op{tina Kisela Voda, traela do septemvri 1918 godina, koga srpskite trupi povtorno ja zazele teritorijata na Makedonija. Na 6 april 1941 godina germanskite voeni edinici go napadnale Kralstvoto Jugoslavija. Germanskite voeni edinici popladneto na 7 april 1941 godina go zazele Skopje. Organite na administrativnata bugarska vlast vo Skopje i negovata okolina formalno po~nale so redovna rabota na 26 april 1941 godina. Toga{ najgolemiot del od sega{-

lives of the population in this part. The territory of the present Municipality was the location for many military operations. The Macedonian population that did not escaped retreated in the high mountain regions. The resulting consequences of these events had provoked changes that are present even today. The intensity of this time period was extending in the following 150 years until 1912-13. This was a period of emigration of the Macedonians and resettling of the Albanians and Macedonians with Muslim origin and period of various contagious diseases especially the plague that in these parts and in the larger Skopje region had catastrophic dimensions. The turning point in the history of the populated areas in the Municipality Kisela Voda occurred during the Balkan wars. The territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda was not directly involved with the military activities except few areas along the railway line. The territory of the present Municipality was th under Serbian authority on October 30 1912 when Drachevo and Upper Lisiche were taken over. Soon after the completion of the Second Balkan war in the summer of 1914 the First World War began. The Second Bulgarian army overtook th the territory on December 11 1915. The Bulgarian authority in Macedonia and on the territory of the present Municipality Kisela Voda lasted until September 1918 when the Serbian troops again had overtaken Macedonian territory. On April 6th 1941 the German military units had attacked the Yugoslavia Kingdom. The German military units in the afternoon hours th on April 7 1941 had overtaken Skopje. The institutions of the Bulgarian administrative authority in Skopje and its area officially startth ed working on April 26 1941. The largest part of at that time, the inhabited areas in municipality Kisela Voda comprised the newly formed municipality Drachevo. The village Kisela Voda was included in the frames of the Skopje city municipality as distinctive populated area with 62 inhabitants, where as Usje village which accounted 394 inhabitants was included in the composition of the municipality Rakotinci. The development of the liberation movement in this area was widely spread in 1944.

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nite naseleni mesta vo Op{tina Kisela Voda vleguvale vo sostavot na novoformiranata Op{tina Dra~evo. S. Kisela Voda vleguvalo vo sostavot na Skopskata gradska op{tina kako posebno naseleno mesto so 62 `iteli, dodeka s. Usje, koe broelo 394 `iteli, vleguvalo vo sostavot na Op{tinata Rakotinci. Razvojot na osloboditelnoto dvi`ewe vo ovoj kraj po{iroki razmeri zemal vo 1944 godina. Pozna~ajni oru`eni sudiri ovde bile zabele`ani vo vtorata polovina na 1944 godina za vreme na zavr{nite operacii za kone~noto osloboduvawe na Makedonija. Na 13 noemvri 1944 godina selata G. i D. Lisi~e, Dra~evo, Usje i Kisela Voda bile kone~no oslobodeni, po {to vo site naseleni mesta zapo~nal slobodniot `ivot vo novata slobodna dr`ava Makedonija. Site naseleni mesta na sega{nata teritorija na Op{tinata i vo narednite godini po osloboduvaweto prodol`ile da bidat vo sostavot na Op{tina Dra~evo. Vo sostavot na Op{tina Dra~evo ovie naseleni mesta bile s# do 1955 godina, koga so Zakonot za podra~jata na okoliite i op{tinite vo Narodna Republika Makedonija, usvoen od Republi~kiot sobor na Narodnoto sobranie na NRM od 28 juni 1955 godina, bile prisoedineti kon novata Op{tina Kisela Voda. Inaku, do izglasuvaweto kako Op{tina Kisela Voda seloto Kisela Voda, spored Zakonite za teritorijalna podelba na NRM od 1945 pa s# do 1955 godina vleguvalo vo sostavot na Skopskiot okrug. Op{tinata Kisela Voda pretstavuva edna od retkite op{tinski centri vo Makedonija koja za kus period po Vtorata svetska vojna do`iveala ekspanzija vo svojot sevkupen razvoj, a posebno na stopanski plan. Najgolema ekspanzija vo razvojot Op{tinata Kisela Voda do`iveala vo oblasta na investiciite vo stopanstvoto, od koe posebno mesto zazemal industriskiot razvoj, potoa grade`ni{tvoto vo oblasta na stanbeno-komunalnata sfera, {to pridoneslo da dojde do osetno zgolemuvawe na naselenieto vo naredniot period. Naglasen razvoj i napredok bil ostvaren vo sferata na prosvetata, kulturata, socijalno-zdravstvenata za{tita na naselenieto i vo drugi oblasti. Pokraj izgradbata i pro{iruvaweto na industriskite pretprijatija, vo periodot od

More significant armed confrontations were recorded in the second half of 1944 during the time of the final operations for complete liberth ation of Macedonia. On November 13 1944 the villages of Upper and Lower Lisiche, Drachevo, Usje and Kisela Voda were finally liberated after which in all populated areas free life in the new free state Macedonia began. All populated areas in the present territory of the municipality were still in the composition of municipality Drachevo several years after the liberation until 1955. With the Law on areas of the regions and municipalities in the People's Republic of Macedonia (PRM) adopted by the Republic's congress of the People's th assembly of PRM on June 28 1955 these populated areas were included in the new municipality Kisela Voda. However, until the formation of municipality Kisela Voda the village Kisela Voda according to the Laws on territorial division of PRM from 1945 to 1955 was in the frames of the Skopje County. Municipality Kisela Voda represents one of the few municipal centers in Macedonia that during the short time period after the Second World War experienced expansion in all its social developments especially in the economic sphere. The largest development expansion municipality Kisela Voda experienced in the sphere of economy investments, in which special place belongs to the industrial development, than construction in the housing and communal spheres that contributed towards visible increase of population in the next period. Emphasized development and progress was accomplished in the spheres of education, culture, social and health protection of the population and other spheres. Along the construction and enlargement of the industrial enterprises during the period from 1976 to 1990 on municipal area many new settlements were constructed such as: "Aerodrom", "Jane Sandanski" and "Lisiche" that as urban and large area of length and number of population represents entire city of three connected settlements. 1991 is one of the most significant years in the long history of the Macedonian nation and with this to the population of municipality

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1976 do 1990 godina na podra~jeto na Op{tinata bile izgradeni i pove}e novi naselbi od tvrda gradba: Aerodrom, Jane Sandanski, Lisi~e pa s# do seloto Gorno Lisi~e, {to kako urbana i prostrana sredina, po obem i `iteli, pretstavuva vistinski grad od tri povrzani naselbi. 1991 e edna od najzna~ajnite godini vo dolgata istorija na makedonskiot narod, a so toa i na naselenieto od ovaa Op{tina, koja spored brojot na `itelite e najgolema vo Republika Makedonija. Vo 1991 godina, po odr`aniot referendum na gra|anite, sledi donesuvaweto na Ustavot na Republika Makedonija. Dotoga{niot ednopartiski socijalisti~ki sistem bil zamenet so pove}epartiska parlamentarna demokratija. Soglasno so vakvata opredelba na gra|anite na Republika Makedonija i vo Op{tinata Kisela Voda so neposredno i tajno glasawe bilo konstituirano prvoto pove}epartisko sobranie na 11 juni 1991 godina. Me|u dvata ciklusa na parlamentarnite izbori na 18 oktomvri 1996 godina vo Republika Makedonija se odr`aa prvite lokalni izbori za gradona~alnici i ~lenovi na Soveti na op{tinite. Odzivot be{e masoven i za prv gradona~alnik na Op{tinata Kisela Voda be{e izbran Marjan \or~ev. Bea izbrani i 25 ~lenovi na Sovetot na Op{tinata. Vo septemvri 2000 godina bea sprovedeni vtorite izbori na gradona~alnik i za ~lenovi na Sovetot na Op{tina Kisela Voda. Izborite za gradona~alnik se odvivaa po mnozinskiot model, a za sovetnici spored proporcionalniot. Za gradona~alnik na Op{tina Kisela Voda be{e izbran Qup~o Dimov, a za ~lenovi na Sovetot 25 sovetnici. Vo mart 2005 godina bea sprovedeni tretite izbori za gradona~alnik i za sovetnici na Op{tinata. Za nov gradona~alnik be{e izbran Xorxe Arsov i novi 23 sovetnici. So najnoviot Zakon za teritorijalna podelba na Republika Makedonija Op{tina Kisela Voda se podeli na dve novi op{tini i toa Op{tina Kisela Voda i Op{tina Aerodrom, a granica me|u niv e `elezni~kata pruga Skopje-Veles.

Kisela Voda that according to the number of population is the largest in Macedonia. In 1991 after the held referendum the new Constitution of Republic of Macedonia was adopted. The one party socialistic system was replaced with multiple-party parliamentary democracy. According to this citizen determination the first multiple-party th assembly was constituted on June 11 1991. Between the two cycles of parliamentary th elections on October 18 1996 the first local elections for municipal mayors and municipal Council members were held. The voter's turn out had mass character and Marjan Gjorchev was elected as first mayor of municipality Kisela Voda. 25 municipal Council members were elected as well. In September 2000 the second local elections for municipal mayors and municipal Council members were held. The elections for mayors were according to the majoritarian model and elections for municipal Council members according to the proportional model. For mayor of municipality Kisela Voda Ljupco Dimov and 25 municipal Council members were elected. In March 2005 the third local elections for municipal mayors and municipal Council members were held. As new mayor of municipality Kisela Voda Dzordze Arsov and new 23 municipal Council members were elected. With the new Law on territorial division of Republic of Macedonia, municipality Kisela Voda was divided to two new municipalities, municipality Kisela Voda and municipality Aerodrom with the railway line Skopje-Veles as borderline between them.

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Koristena literatura i izvori

- Statisti~ki prilozi i izdanija na Dr`avniot zavod za statistika na R. Makedonija za site povoeni popisi. - Arhiv na grad Skopje, fond: Sobranie na op{tina Kisela Voda, 1955-2004 g. - Lazar Lazarov, Op{testveno-politi~kite organizacii vo obnovata i izgradbata na NRM, 1944-1948. Skopje, INI, 1979. - Zapisnik od 1-ta sednica na Narodniot odbor na op{tina Kisela Voda vo Skopje, odr`ana na 8 avgust 1955, so po~etok vo 18 ~asot. - Zapisnikot od osnova~kata sednica stoi: Teodos Sarafski. - Osnovni obele`ja za razvitokot na industrijata vo NRM 1947-1956, Skopje, 1957. - Republi~ki zavod za statistika na SRM. Socijalisti~ki samoupraven razvoj na SRM, 1978-1981, Skopje, 1981. - SKOPJE-30 godini sloboden raste`, Makedonska kniga, Qubqana 1976. - Kiro Doj~inoski -Skopje-Paraleli, Matica Makedonska, Skopje, 1999. - Srceto na Makedonija - Elita, Skopje, 2001. - D-r Mitko Panov - Selata vo Republika Makedonija,Skopje, 2000. - Monografija za s. Dra~evo, grupa avtori, Skopje - 1981. - D-r \or|i Malkovski - Gorno Lisi~e - skopsko, Skopje 2002. - D-r \or|i Malkovski, Op{tina Zelenikovo (monografija), Zelenikovo, 2001. - D-r \or|i Malkovski, Kisela Voda vo Vtorata svetska vojna 1941-1944, Skopje, 2004. - Istorija na Makedonskiot narod, Skopje, 1969. - Sne{ka Lakaliska - kustos istori~ar na umetnost vo Muzej na grad Skopje - Kiro Ristov - arheolog vo Muzejot na grad Skopje - Milo{ Bilbija - arheolog vo Muzejot na grad Skopje - Stanimir Nedelkovski - fotograf vo Muzej na grad Skopje - Turski dokumenti za istorijata na makedonskiot narod - Op{irni popisni defteri od 15 vek, Skopje, 1976. - Skopje vo NOB,Skopje, 1981. - Justinijanovi hramovi - Nova Makedonija od 15.08.1954. - Skopjanecot Justinijan vovel red vo gra|anskoto pravo, Nova Makedonija od 25.09.2004. - ^.Todorovi} - Skopqe i wegova okolina, Ju`ni pregled br.5 - Skopje, 1927. - Almanah op{tine grada Skopqa 1918 - 1928. - Skopje grad na solidarnosta, Skopje, 1975. - K. Petrov, Monografija za Skopje, Skopje, 1970. - Aleksandar Stojanovski - Gradovite vo Makedonija od 14 do 17 vek. - Iv.Mikul~i} - Srednovekovni gradovi i tvrdini vo Makedonija, Skopje, 1988.

Bibliography

Statistic contributions and publications of the State Institute for Statistic of R. Macedonia for all the censuses after the war. Archive of city Skopje, fund" Assembly of Municipality Kisela Voda, 1955-2004". Lazar Lazarov, "Social-political organizations in the renewal and building of PRM"in 1944-1948", Skopje, INI, 1979. Protocol of the first meeting of the People Board of Municipality Kisela Voda in Skopje, held on 8th August 1955, at 18 o'clock The Protocol of the founding meeting stands: Teodos Sarafski. "Basic features of the industrial development of PRM 1947-1956", Skopje, 1957. Republic Institute for Statistic of FRM, "Socialistic selfgoverning development of FRM, 1978-1981", Skopje, 1981. "Skopje ­ 30 years of free growth", Makedonska Kniga, Ljubljana, 1976. Kiro Dojchinovski, "Skopje ­ Parallels", Matica Makedonska, Skopje, 1999. "The Heart of Macedonia", Elita, Skopje, 2001. PhD. Mitko Panov, "Upper Lisiche-Skopje", Skopje, 2002. Group of authors, "Monograph for v. Drachevo", Skopje, 2002. PhD. Gjorgi Malkovski, "Municipality Zelenikovo ­ monograph", Zelenikovo, 2001. PhD. Gjorgi Malkovski, "Kisela Voda in the Second World War 1941-1944", Skopje, 2004. "History of the Macedonian people", Skopje, 1969. Sneshka Lakaliska ­ curator historian of art at the museum of city Skopje. Kiro Ristov ­ archeologist at the Museum of city Skopje. Milosh Bilbija - archeologist at the Museum of city Skopje. Stanimir Nedelkovski ­ photograph at the Museum of city Skopje. Turkish documents about the history of the Macedonian People: "Extended census documents from the 15th century", Skopje, 1976. "Skopje in NOB", Skopje, 1975. "Justinian temples", article: Nova Makedonija, 15.08.1954 "Justinian from Skopje made order in the civil law", article: Nova Makedonija, 25.09.2004. C. Todorovik, "Skopje and its surrounding", publication: Juzhni pregled num. 5, Skopje, 1927. "Almanac of municipalities of the city Skopje 1918 ­ 1928" "Skopje city of solidarity", Skopje, 1975. K. Petrov, "Monograph of Skopje", Skopje, 1970. Aleksandar Stojanovski, "The cities in Macedonia from 14th to 17th century" I. Mikulchik, "Medieval cities and forts in Macedonia", Skopje, 1988.

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SODR@INA

Predgovor.................................................................................................5 I. Prirodno-geografski karakteristiki na Op{tina Kisela Voda........9 II. Teritorijata na Op{tina Kisela Voda niz istorijata....................17 1. Praistorijata i antikata.....................................................................17 2. Pova`ni nastani od periodot na sredniot vek......................................22 3. Periodot pod turska vlast...........................................................................24 4. Pozna~ajni politi~ki nastani od krajot na 19 i po~etokot na 20 vek..........28 5. Periodot pome|u dvete svetski vojni (1918 -1941)......................................31 6. Periodot na Vtorata svetska vojna (1941-1944)...........................................36 III. Osnovawe i razvoj na Op{tina Kisela Voda......................................41 1.Teritorijalnata i administrativnata polo`ba po osloboduvaweto..............41 2. Administrativno teritorijalni promeni od 1955 do 2004 godina...............44 3. Politi~kite priliki vo Op{tina Kisela Voda od 1955-do 2004 godina......47 3.1. Periodot od 1955 do 1990 godina.............................................................47 3.2. Periodot od 1991 do 2004 godina.............................................................51 3.3. Lokalnite izbori vo 2005 godina.............................................................60 IV. Razvojot na Op{tina Kisela Voda........................................................71 1. Ekonomski razvoj.........................................................................................71 2. Zemjodelstvo, sto~arstvo i {umarstvo....................................................................82 3. Grade`ni{tvo i stanbeno-komunalnata izgradba.........................................84 4. Zanaet~istvo, trgovijata i ugostitelstvo.....................................................87 5. Podobruvawe na kvalitetot na `ivotnata sredina......................................90 6. Naselenie, obrazovanie i vrabotenost........................................................95 7. Razvojot na zdravstvoto i socijalnata za{tita..........................................100 8. Razvojot na kulturata................................................................................101 9. Fizi~kata kultura i sportot.....................................................................105 V. Kulturno-istoriskite spomenici i arheolo{ki lokaliteti............113 1. Arheolo{ki lokaliteti i srednovekovni crkvi i manastiri.....................113 2. Spomenici i spomen-obele`ja od NOV vo Kisela Voda...............................118 VI. Selski naselbi {to vleguvaat vo Op{tina Kisela Voda.................119 1. S. Dra~evo.................................................................................................119 2. S. Usje.......................................................................................................123 3. S. Kisela Voda...........................................................................................125 4. S. Gorno Lisi~e.........................................................................................126 5. S. Dolno Lisi~e........................................................................................128 VI.Op{tini koi proizlegle od op{tinata Kisela Voda........................129 1. Op{tina Sopi{te......................................................................................129 2. Op{tina Studeni~ani...............................................................................130 3. Op{tina Zelenikovo.................................................................................130 Rezime...........................................................................................................131 Koristena literatura i izvori.....................................................................137

CONTENTS

Preface.................................................................................................................5 I. Natural and geographical characteristic of Municipality Kisela Voda.............9 II. The territory of the Municipality Kisela Voda through the history..............17 1. The prehistory and antiquity..............................................................................17 2. Most significant events from the time period of the Middle Ages...........................22 3. The period under Turkish authority....................................................................24 th 4. Significant political events at the end of the 19 and the beginning th of the 20 century...........................................................................................28 5. The time period between the two world wars (1918-1941)..................................31 6. The period of the Second World War (1941-1944)..............................................36 III. Establishment and development of the Municipality of Kisela Voda.........41 1. Territory and administrative position after the liberation.......................................41 2. Administrative- territorial changes from 1955 to 2004.........................................44 3. The political situations in the Municipality of Kisela Voda from 1955 to 2004..........47 3.1 The period from 1955 to 1990........................................................................47 3.2. The period from 1991 to 2004.......................................................................51 3.3. The local elections in 2005.............................................................................60 IV. The development of the Municipality of Kisela Voda..................................71 1. Economy development.....................................................................................71 2. Agriculture, stock-farming and forestry..............................................................82 3. Civil work and residential-communal construction...............................................84 4. Craftwork, trade and hostelling.........................................................................87 5. Improvement of the quality of the environment..................................................90 6. Population, education and employment..............................................................95 7. Development of the health and social care.......................................................100 8. The development of Culture............................................................................101 9. Physical culture and sport...............................................................................105 V. Cultural historian monuments and archeological sites..............................113 1. Archeological sites and churches and monasteries from the middle ages.............................................................................................113 2. Monuments and memorials from People Liberation Struggle in Kisela Voda.........118 VI. Village settlements in Municipality Kisela Voda.................................................119 1. V. Drachevo...................................................................................................119 2. V. Usje..........................................................................................................123 3. V. Kisela Voda................................................................................................125 4. V. Upper Lisiche.............................................................................................126 5. V. Lower Lisiche.............................................................................................128 VII. Municipalities that emerged from Municipality Kisela Voda...............................129 1.Municipality Sopishte.......................................................................................129 2.Municipality Studenichani.................................................................................130 3.Municipality Zelenikovo....................................................................................130 Conclusion........................................................................................................131 Bibliography and sources....................................................................................137

Gradona~alnikot Xorxe Arsov vo poseta na Op{tina Kadi}oj-Istanbul, Republika Turcija.The Mayor Dzordze Arsov on visit in the Municipality of Kadikoy-Istanbul, Republic of Turkey

Sve~ena Akademija, Dom na ARM - 2005. Formal Session, House of ARM - 2005 Po~etokot na rekonstrukcija na patot Dra~evo-Kitka, od desno na levo Xorxe Arsov - gradona~alnik na gradona~alnik Kisela Voda, Bor~e Gievski - Gradona~alnik na gradona~alnik Zelenikovo i Alajdin Zekiri - gradona~alnik na Op{tina Studeni~ani. (2005) The beginning of the reconstruction of the road Dracevo-Kitka, on the right Dzordze Arsov- Mayor of the municipality of Kisela Voda, Borce Gievski- Mayor of the municipality of Zelenikovo and Alajdin Zekiri- Mayor of the municipality of Studenicani. (2005)

KUD "Aleksandar Makedonski" -EXPO - 2005. CAA "Aleksandar Makedonski" - EXPO- 2005

Panorama na Op{tina Kisela Voda Panorama of the Municipality of Kisela Voda

Od otvoraweto na Spomen obele`jeto Stara "Rampa" -2005 Opening of the memorial "Stara Rampa" - 2005

T.C "Biser" T.C "Biser"

KUD "Kitka" - Dra~evo (2005) CAA "Kitka"-Dracevo (2005)

Saem EXPO - 2005 Fair EXPO- 2005

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