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Carbonated Drinks

1. WHAT IS A CARBONATED DRINK? · Within the industry the following description for carbonated drinks has developed: `a manufactured drink, optionally sweetened, acidulated, carbonated and which may contain fruit, fruit juice and salts; the flavour may derive from vegetable extracts or flavourings'. · Carbonated bottled waters are a separate category and are governed by separate legislation for bottled waters. 3. TYPES AND FLAVOURS OF CARBONATED DRINKS 3.1 Types · Carbonated drinks can be separated into the following groups: · · Regular ­ carbonated drinks made using sugar. Low calorie ­ carbonated drinks made using low calorie sweeteners as their main sweetening agent. They must contain not more than 10 kcal per 100 ml. Clear ­ carbonated drinks that are clear in appearance (sometimes referred to as flavoured waters). Mixers ­ carbonated drinks that are for use with alcoholic drinks, i.e. as mixers.

2. INGREDIENTS IN A CARBONATED DRINK · Carbonated drinks are made from:

·

· · · · · · water (about 86%) a sweetening agent an acid a flavouring carbon dioxide

3.2 Flavours · The most popular flavours of carbonated drinks are: cola, lemon and orange. · Regionally, some flavours are more popular than others, particularly where a traditional soft drink has previously dominated the market, e.g. Scotland and 'Irn-Bru', the Northwest and 'Vimto'.

· and may also contain: · · fruit or fruit juice colouring

4. FOOD VALUE OF CARBONATED DRINKS

Per 100 ml Energy (kJ) (Kcal) Protein (g) Carbohydrate (g) of which sugars (g) Fat (g) of which saturates (g) Sodium Fibre 168 39 0 10.5 10.5 0 0 trace 0 Per 330 ml serving 554 129 0 34.6 34.6 0 0 trace 0

6. SHELF-LIFE OF CARBONATED DRINKS · Ingredients in a carbonated drink affect the shelf-life of the product. · Processes used and packaging also play a part in how long the product can be stored before it needs to be consumed. · Carbonated drinks can have a shelf-life of up to 12 months. · All carbonated soft drinks are ready to serve and require no further preparation before being consumed. · Although they do not require refrigeration, it is recommended that these drinks are chilled before serving.

· Carbonated soft drinks contain various amounts of carbohydrate, minerals and vitamins and negligible amounts of fat and protein. · The amount of sugar in soft drinks is about the same as in many fruit juices. · Sugar is a source of energy for your body and, like all carbohydrates, has 4 kcal per gram compared to 9 kcal per gram for fat. · Most of the minerals ­ sodium, calcium and magnesium ­ come mainly from the major ingredient, water. · Potassium and phosphate come from any fruit materials the drinks contain. · The sodium content of water can vary from season to season and in different parts of the country. · On average soft drinks are low in sodium and contain less than 20 mg per 200 ml serving. 5. PACKAGING · Carbonated soft drinks may be packed in a variety of containers including: · glass bottles: returnable/non-returnable · PET (polyethylene terephthalate) bottles · cans · They may also be served on draught from dispense machines in cafés and bars. · Because they are pressurised liquids, carbonated drinks need a container that will hold its shape and retain the gas.

7. DISTRIBUTION · Carbonated drinks are sold both in shops, cafés and restaurants · off-premise (e.g. supermarkets, newsagents) 77.7% · on-premise (e.g. pubs, restaurants, cafés) 23.3%

Published by the British Soft Drinks Association, 20­22 Stukeley Street, London, WC2B 5LR. Tel: 020 7430 0356 Fax: 020 7831 6014 E-mail: [email protected] Website: www.britishsoftdrinks.com Education website: www.liquidsmeanlife.org.uk 2004

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