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Carbonated Drinks

1. WHAT IS A CARBONATED DRINK? · Within the industry the following description for carbonated drinks has developed: `a manufactured drink, optionally sweetened, acidulated, carbonated and which may contain fruit, fruit juice and salts; the flavour may derive from vegetable extracts or flavourings'. · Carbonated bottled waters are a separate category and are governed by separate legislation for bottled waters. 3. TYPES AND FLAVOURS OF CARBONATED DRINKS 3.1 Types · Carbonated drinks can be separated into the following groups: · · Regular ­ carbonated drinks made using sugar. Low calorie ­ carbonated drinks made using low calorie sweeteners as their main sweetening agent. They must contain not more than 10 kcal per 100 ml. Clear ­ carbonated drinks that are clear in appearance (sometimes referred to as flavoured waters). Mixers ­ carbonated drinks that are for use with alcoholic drinks, i.e. as mixers.

2. INGREDIENTS IN A CARBONATED DRINK · Carbonated drinks are made from:


· · · · · · water (about 86%) a sweetening agent an acid a flavouring carbon dioxide

3.2 Flavours · The most popular flavours of carbonated drinks are: cola, lemon and orange. · Regionally, some flavours are more popular than others, particularly where a traditional soft drink has previously dominated the market, e.g. Scotland and 'Irn-Bru', the Northwest and 'Vimto'.

· and may also contain: · · fruit or fruit juice colouring


Per 100 ml Energy (kJ) (Kcal) Protein (g) Carbohydrate (g) of which sugars (g) Fat (g) of which saturates (g) Sodium Fibre 168 39 0 10.5 10.5 0 0 trace 0 Per 330 ml serving 554 129 0 34.6 34.6 0 0 trace 0

6. SHELF-LIFE OF CARBONATED DRINKS · Ingredients in a carbonated drink affect the shelf-life of the product. · Processes used and packaging also play a part in how long the product can be stored before it needs to be consumed. · Carbonated drinks can have a shelf-life of up to 12 months. · All carbonated soft drinks are ready to serve and require no further preparation before being consumed. · Although they do not require refrigeration, it is recommended that these drinks are chilled before serving.

· Carbonated soft drinks contain various amounts of carbohydrate, minerals and vitamins and negligible amounts of fat and protein. · The amount of sugar in soft drinks is about the same as in many fruit juices. · Sugar is a source of energy for your body and, like all carbohydrates, has 4 kcal per gram compared to 9 kcal per gram for fat. · Most of the minerals ­ sodium, calcium and magnesium ­ come mainly from the major ingredient, water. · Potassium and phosphate come from any fruit materials the drinks contain. · The sodium content of water can vary from season to season and in different parts of the country. · On average soft drinks are low in sodium and contain less than 20 mg per 200 ml serving. 5. PACKAGING · Carbonated soft drinks may be packed in a variety of containers including: · glass bottles: returnable/non-returnable · PET (polyethylene terephthalate) bottles · cans · They may also be served on draught from dispense machines in cafés and bars. · Because they are pressurised liquids, carbonated drinks need a container that will hold its shape and retain the gas.

7. DISTRIBUTION · Carbonated drinks are sold both in shops, cafés and restaurants · off-premise (e.g. supermarkets, newsagents) 77.7% · on-premise (e.g. pubs, restaurants, cafés) 23.3%

Published by the British Soft Drinks Association, 20­22 Stukeley Street, London, WC2B 5LR. Tel: 020 7430 0356 Fax: 020 7831 6014 E-mail: [email protected] Website: Education website: 2004


Pupils Notes

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