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Read MAMULI N9c.pmd text version

`CemisTana uTvistomo kacisaTvis qveyana yvelgan erTi unda yofiliyo, magram qarTvelisaTvis saqarTvelo didi rama yofila~...

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The ANTHEM OF GEORGIA saqarTvelos himni

My icon is my motherland, And icon-stand is whole world, bright mounts and valleys are shared with God. Today our freedom sings to the glory of future, the dawn star rises up and shines out between two seas. Praise be to the liberty, Praise be to the liberty!

Cemi xatia samSoblo, saxate mTeli qveyana, ganaTebuli mTa-bari wilnayaria RmerTTana. Tavisufleba dRes Cveni momavals umRers didebas, ciskris varskvlavi amodis da or zRvas Sua brwyindeba. dideba Tavisuflebas, Tavisuflebas dideba!

Vt ufvjdbujyt

bynthytnb!

nanuli SevardnaZe

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mimozebs

mogitan, deda!

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SoTa rusTveli Tu mefe demetre?

qarTvel mecnierTa daskvnebi

arcTu amao fiqrebi oTar sefiaSvilis vnebaTaRelvanis gamo

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mis mzeraSi qarTveloba imaleba!

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kolegia: eka maisuraZe (redaqtori), nino xabelaSvili (redaqtori , germaniaSi), eka yaralaSvili, giorgi baqraZe (redaqtori kanadaSi). Board: EKA MAISURADZE Editor, NINO KHABELASHVILI Editor in Germany, EKA KARALASHVILI, GEORGE BAKRADZE Editor in Canada.

manuCar kaWaxiZe

Editor-in-chief Manuchar KATCHAKHIDZE

teqnikuri samsaxuri: elene jiquri, Tamo abramiSvili, giuli wereTeli

P.O. Box 13121, Jersey City, NJ 07109, Phone: 347-724-0770

1 ianvridan wydeba xelmowera gazeTze `mamuli~

rezo TabukaSvilis monatreba

mSvidobas vetyvi male qarTul zecis safirons, da mcire talRad Severwymebi zRvas unapiros, qars imqveyniurs davaxvedreb male win afras, didebulia! gardaviqcevi uceb winaprad. da Tumca Cemi gamgzavreba hgavda wvalebas, sikvdili mainc ar daarqvaT gardacvalebas. me waval, radgan dro aRar maqvs ukve darCenis, me waval, magram samudamod TqvenTan davrCebi. mec gimegzurebT, cxovrebis gzas roca gahyvebiT, me daginaxavT, magram veRar dagenaxvebiT. me arasodes ar viqnebi TqvenTan modave, samSoblo Tqveni Tu arasodes ar icotaveT! magram icodeT, me im dRidan TqvenTan ara var, Tu sarbielad saqarTvelo gepataravaT. damarcxebulic arasodes CandeT sabralod, vinmes siglaxe kacTa modgmas ar daabraloT... tkbili geqnebaT siymawvile, mere siberec, sxvaTa miRweviT sixaruli Tu gaibevreT.

oriode wlis winaT manuCar kaWaxiZis mier gazeT `iveriaSi~ darisxebuli gangaSis zarebis gagrZeleba samarcxvinod gaZarcvuli da gayiduli `dedaenis~ Zeglis gamo, romlis aRdgenac ratomRac ar jdeba `axali saqarTvelos~ programebSi.

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Tu Secdomebs naxavT... erTi finuri gazeTi yovelTvis aqveynebs aseT cnobas: "Tu teqstSi Secdomebs naxavT, igulisxmeT, rom is daSvebulia ganzrax. Cves gazeTs surs, rom yvelas asiamovnos. xom arian iseTi mkiTxvelebic, romlebic mxolod Secdomebs eZeben da tkbebian, roca aseTs naxuloben?" gazeT "mamulis" redaqcia analogiurad zrunavs Tavis mkiTxvelebze. Tumca sxva redaqciebTan SedarebiT, maincdamainc did mzruvelobas ver viCenT, risTvisac bodiSs moviTxovT. vinc Secdomas aRmoaCens Cvens gazeTebSi da Semdeg sxva gazeTebTan Seajerebs, specialuri priziT dajildovdeba. redaqciis StatSi arc koreqtoria, arc stilisti, arc morige redaqtori... amitom Secdomebis daSvebisaTvis sayvedurs brZanebiT gamovucxadebT kompiuters.

redaqtoris

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Zvirfaso mkiTxvelo, gazeTis oqtombris nomers, Tumca noembris nomersac, karga gvarianad daagvianda. uxvad dagrovili problemebis gamo saTuo iyo arc ki gamosuliyo saerTod, Tumca, dausruleblad atexilma mkiTxvelTa satelefono zarebma, lodinma da interesma Tavisi qna, SeuZlebeli SegvaZlebina da ai, dRes ukve gazeTis axali nomeric gadafurcleT... yvelas uklebliv madloba minda gadagixadoT im didi mxardaWerisaTvis, survilisaTvis, rom am ucxo miwaze `mamuli~ ar mokvdes, iarsebos da qarTveloba gvaZaxos...

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saqarTvelos dedaqalaqSi, elias mTaze wminda samebis sadidebeli gvirgvini daidga. oTxwliani Sromis, Rvawlisa da locvis Semdeg aSenda wminda samebis didebuli taZari da samonastro kompleqsi, romelic kidev 11 taZars aerTianebs. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqma, uwmindesma da unetaresma ilia II-m taZari didmowame giorgis xsenebis dRes akurTxa. kurTxevis Semdeg uwmindesma aRavlina sazeimo wirva-locva, romelSic monawileobda msoflios yvela avtokefaluri eklesiis warmomadgeneli. amitomac ismoda wirvis dros sadideblebi ZvelberZnul da rusul enebzec. cxadia, uwmindesTan erTad loculobda saqarTvelos yvela eparqiis mRvdelmTavaric. mrevli taZarSi ver daetia da morwmuneTa didi nawili gareT gamotanili gamaZliereblebis saSualebiT ismenda locvas. karibWidan taZris kibemde gafenil wiTel xaliCas orive mxares mwkrivad edga sapatio yarauli. aqa-iq Zveli mxedruli formiT Semosili adamianebic Candnen. yovel delegacias zarebis guguniT xvdebodnen da taZris Sesasvlelamde droSiani stiqarosnebi acilebdnen. ase Sevidnen taZarSi umaRlesi sasuliero ierarqiis warmomadgenlebi, mRvdlebi, saxelovani mecnierebi, xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebi, Coxosnebi da sxva morwmune mrevli. stumrebs Soris iyvnen saqarTveloSi akreditebuli di plomatebi da sxvadasxva konfesiis warmomadgenlebic. wirvis dasasruls xaliCaze gamoCndnen saqarTvelos prezidenti mixeil saakaSvili, parlamentis Tavmjdomare nino burjanaZe da premier-ministri zurab Jvania. uwmindesi maT taZris SuagulSi miegeba. da brZana patriarqma: "Tqveno aRmatebulebav, batono prezidento, yovlad samRvdelono mRvdelmTavarno, Cveno Zvirfaso stumrebo, dano da Zmano. wminda mefe daviT winaswarmetyveli fsalmunSi brZanebs: "did xar Sen ufalo da sakvirvel arian saqmeni Senni." Cven varT momswreni am didi sakvirvelebisa. simdabliT SevTxov yovladwminda samebas, raTa sufevdes CvenSi da mcire ZRvnad miiRos Cvengan es wminda taZari. Jamsa SeWirvebisasa, SewevniTa uflisaTa, qarTvelma xalxma aaSena taZari wmindisa samebisa sadidebelad RmrTisa da mosaqcevad erisa Cvenisa. dideba mowyalebasa Sensa ufalo. wminda samebis sakaTedro taZari ese aRaSene Sen ufalo, mowyaleo RmerTo. Cven ki viyaviT mdabalni muSakni Senni. da aRaSene ese imedad da nugeSad Cvenda da sadidebelad Senda. taZarsa amas Sina Cveni eri aRavlens sadidebelsa uflisasa. uflisadmi aRevlinebian locvanni Cvenni, viTarca sakmeveli winaSe RmrTisa. aq daiRvreba mravali cremli sinanulisa, ganeldebian gulni Cvenni codvaTagan momwydarni da aRdgeba saqarTvelo, viTarca lazare Zilisagan da Ramisa didisa. sinanuliTa CveniTa da meoxebiTa yovladwmindisa RmrTismSoblisaTa gabrwyindeba dalocvili da kurTxeuli iberia. iberielno da yovelno mkvidrno saqarTveloisanno, gesmodeT sityvani uflisani: "aha, esera mimicemia winaSe Sensa kari gaRebuli, romlisa daxSvas veravin SemZlebel ars"! maS, SevideT Zmano da dano, kariTa amiT da viyoT mkvidrni sasufevelisani. taZarsa amas Sina RmerTma isminos locvanni Cvenni da wminda gvyos Cven yovlisagan biwisa da acxovnes sulni Cvenni. CvenTan ars RmerTi! wmindanno mefeno, dedofalno, mRvdelmTavarno da kaTolikos-patriarqno saqarTveloisno, Cveno dido winaparno, mowameno, ixareT CvenTan erTad, ixareT savanesa marTalTasa da aRavlineT locvanni Tqvenni uflis winaSe, raTa ganmtkicdes CvenSi marTlmadidebeli sarwmunoeba, siyvaruli da sasoeba; raTa ufalma mianiWos qveyanasa Cvensa mSvidoba, mTlianoba, ersa Cvensa - erTsulovneba da sulTa CvenTa didi wyaloba. simboluria is, rom taZari wmindisa samebisa ikurTxeba

stylt,f!

es foto gadaRebulia erTi wlis winaT rusTavelze, revoluciur dReebSi, rodesac mTeli qveyana axali epoqis molodiniT sunTqavda. giorgobis gaTenebamde jer kidev ori kvira rCeboda, magram yvelaferi utyuarad mianiSnebda, rom saqarTvelo ukan aRar dabrundeboda. 23 noembers, 20 saaTsa da 45 wuTze, eduard SevardnaZe gadadga da saqarTvelos istoriaSi axali epoqa daiwyo. zustad erTi weliwadi gavida... es iyo didi molodinis, didi gamowvevebis weliwadi. iyo saqarTvelos erTianobisTvis didi gamarjveba da iyo Ralati da Secdomebi; iyo aRfrTovaneba winsvliT da imedgacrueba warsulTan analogiiT. magram, rac mTavaria, am gaTenebam, xangrZlivi Zilis Semdeg, gamoaRviZa saxelmwifos sxeuli. es iyo qmedebis weliwadi! da es aris mTavari imedi, rom ganTiads brwyinvale dRe mohyveba; rom gulgrilobas siamaye Secvlis; rom gaWirveba samudamod datovebs qarTvelTa saxlebs; rom gamarjvebis wyurvils moiklavs qarTveli. dRes momavlis saqarTvelos dila udgas. yvelaferi moeswreba, Tu qveyana Zils ar Seibrunebs da isev sizmrebSi ar gaexveva. jer ki isev Tendeba...

dRes xsenebasa wmindisa giorgisa. mTeli msoflio aRniSnavs misi wamebidan 1700 wlisTavs. dalocos man yoveli adamiani da gansakuTrebiT is adamianebi, romlebic monawileobdnen mSeneblobaSi wmindisa amis taZrisa. kurTxeul iyos maTi ojaxebi da momavali. RvTivkurTxeulo iberielno da yovelno mkvidrno saqarTveloisno, gilocavT am bednier dRes. RmerTs ebarebodeT da ixareT orTave sofelsa Sina, amin!" patriarqis Semdeg sapatio sityva warmoTqva saqarTvelos prezidentma: "Tqveno uwmindesobav, pativcemulo sazogadoebav, pativcemulo stumrebo! gilocavT am didad mniSvnelovan dRes Cveni eris cxovrebaSi. minda, mogesalmoT dRes, giorgobis brwyinvale dResaswauls, romelsac sruliad gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvs Cveni erisaTvis. minda, mivesalmo mis uwmindesobas, romlis moRvaweobis gvirgvini aris wminda samebis sakaTedro taZris gaxsna. gansakuTrebiT minda, aRvniSno, rom es taZari aaSena mTelma saqarTvelom. aTiaTasobiT adamians Semohqonda Semowiruloba. TiToeul qvaSi, TiToeul waxnagSi aris qarTveli eris saukeTeso imedebi da survilebi. gansakuTrebiT minda, aRvniSno Cveni sulieri mamis da CemTvis yvelaze Zvirfasi adamianis, misi uwmindesobis Rvawli. 70-ian wlebSi, roca is Caudga saTaveSi Cvens eklesias, bevrad mZime mdgomareoba iyo - taZrebi dangreuli, sulieri cxovreba dacemuli. man moaxerxa rwmenis gamoRviZeba, xalxis eklesiisaken Semobruneba, axali taZrebis ageba, samonastro cxovrebis aRdgenaaRorZineba da farTo masStabebiT gaSla. Cveni eris yvelaze kritikul momentebSi, roca vibrZodiT Cveni damoukideblobisa da TavisuflebisaTvis, uwmindesi yovelTvis Cveni eris gverdiT idga. me qeds vixri misi rwmenisa da gambedaobis winaSe da vusurveb mas didxans sicocxles, janmrTelobas, kidev mravali wliT Cveni eris sulier mamobas da eklesiis winamZRolobas". wesisamebr, saqarTvelos patriarqma saqarTvelos prezidenti taZris karamde miacila da daemSvidoba. saqarTvelos prezidentma muxli moidrika mis winaSe da xelze eambora.

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`sisxli grZnobs nostalgias, sisxli enciklopediaa..." dostoevski

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skolis meore klasSi swavlobs, uniWieresi da ubejiTesi moswavlea, bevrsac mekiTxeba saqarTvelosa da qarTvelebze, saqarTvelodan qarTuli wignebi Camomaqvs... qarTuli kabac Camovutane da imis Semdeg gaxda ar unda, Tu saxlSi acvia, Tu skolis sazeimo RonisZiebebzeo. skolaSi xSirad mivdivar masTan da misi TxovniT samSoblos Sesaxeb mis Tanaklaselebsac vuyvebi da sakuTari saxelebis qarTulad werac ki iswavleso.. amaswinaT TaTia-elis ideiTa da dedebis daxmarebiT skautelma gogonebma Salis sabnebi Sekeres, namuSevrebs saxelebi qarTuladac daaweres da Suamavali organizaciis saSualebiT bavSvTa saxlis aRsazrdelebs gaugzavnes saqarTveloSi. pasuxad madlobis werilebi da amerikul saCuqrebTan gadaRebuli foto-suraTebic mouvidaT. elis yuradReba erTerTi biWunas saxem mii pyro, misi Sekerili sabniT

inglisurenovani gazeTi... Tavfurcelis SuagulSi msxvili planiT dabeWdili fotoa, aseve TvalSi mosaxvedri warweriT: A Friend from Home korespodenti mSrali informaciuli eniT cdilobs Tqvas saTqmeli. Cveni jiSisa da jilagis kaci ki grZnobis gareSe ver miiRebs am ambavs, TvalTagan uneburad gadmogorebuli cremliTac ki SeiZleba daasvelos striqonebi. me rom mkiTxon, saTaurad "Homesick" mouxdeboda, imitom, rom... ara, modiT me TviTon mogiyvebiT (radganac davinteresdi da meti gavige), mxolod ise, rogorc zRaparSi xdeba: iyo da ara iyo ra, RvTisu-

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keTesi ra iqneboda. iyo erTi uSvilo col-qmari, dRe da Rame Svilis natvraSi uTendebodaT da uRamdebodaT. erT mSvenier dRes `grZelfexeba werom~ saxlis saxuravze saxvevebSi gaxveuli, oboli Cvili dausva da saxtaddarCenil col-qmars frTebis tylaSuniT gaSorda. bavSvi gogona aRmoCnda, iseTi lamazi da patara, rogorc misi mSobeli qveyana. gzaSi ar utiria, cxra zRva da cxra mTa mZinarem gadaiara, ver daemSvidoba maradiuli yinuliT dafarul mwvervalebs ­ samSoblo mTebs. gogonas eli daarqves, RviZli SviliviT Seiyvares, Citis rZec ar moukliaT. vin icis, rogor warimarTeboda misi bedi, `weros~ rom ar epova mitovebuli. vai, rom ukeTesi iqneboda mSobliuri `fesvebiT esazrdova~, Tu normaluri saarsebo pirobebSi gaizrdeboda da misi bedis msgavsi zogierTi TanatoliviT quCaSi ar eZebna TavSesafari. RviZli dedis ubeSi ar ufaTuria pawawina xeli, - `ama sofelma Tavidanve gaawvala~, magram RmerTma ar gawira da puri, Suqi, siTbo da siyvaruli erT did da Zlier qveyanaSi arguna, devid da miCel busebis ojaxSi. gavida dro.. elis pirvelma `kiWma~ amosWra... pirveli nabiji gadadga... mSobliuri cxeniswyali sacurao auzma Seucvala, amerikulma `nanam~ megruli `nana~... sami wlisam, bavSvurad, magram SeZlebisdagvarad realurad rom aRiqva samyaro, `mSoblebma~ misi Svilad ayvanis istoria uambes da saqarTvelodan Camogiyvaneso, uTxres. msgavs SemTxvevaSi Sedegad, rogorc yovelTvis, ori varianti arsebobs: dadebiTi an piriqiT. magram radgan ambavi imedis qveyanaSi xdeba, Cvenc isRa dagvrCenia, ukeTesi amovirCioT. eli simarTles Segnebulad Sexvda, Tvalebi gaufarTovda da ikiTxa: ese igi vin var me? qarTveli? gamzrdelebis dasturze sulSi raRac didi da uSvelebeli qarborbalasaviT dautrialda, TviTonac ver gaigo ra. iqneb es sisxlis da jiSis yivili iyo, xorcSi ki mSobeli miwis monatreba? `samSoblo xevsurisa~ aravis uswavlebia misTvis, `JuJuna wvima~ aravis umReria, gogebaSvili `iavnanac~ aravis waukiTxavs... qarTveloba ki gulSi Zalian mounda, amitomac xom ar auZgerda guli sxvanairad? zRaparSi oblis kveric cxveba, gvian, magram mainc. TaTia sergiasaTvis (eli buse) kalTa misi mSobliuri qveynis kurTxeul mfarvels, RvTismSobelsac rom gadaufarebia, iqidanac Cans, araCveulebrivad Segnebuli adamianebis xelSi aRmoCnda. `erovnuli cnobiereba tradiciebis simZlavriT ganisazRvrebao~, amovikiTxe sadRac. ar vici, gaugiaT Tu ara aseTi ram qalbaton miCelsa da baton devids, magram faqtia, isini TavianTi Svilobilis samSoblos istoriuli warsuliTa da kulturiT dainteresdnen da masTan ziarebis mizniT bavSvisaTvis TanamemamuleTa Zebnas Seudgnen. 150 kilometris radiusis arealSi qarTveli, gia kvaracxelias meti veravin i poves, isic, Turme bedad maT mezoblad cxovrobs. giac, sxvaTa msgavsad bedis saZieblad Camovida amerikaSi, mofarikaveT wvrTnis, hyavs mSvenieri amerikeli meuRle da kalmiT naxati ori wlis maia. ambis dawvrilebiT gagebis mizniT, swored mas davukavSirdi kanzas StatSi. cremlis gareSe ver SesZlo laparaki. vaJkacis cremlis fasi sxvas vis esmis, Tu ara `vefxistyaosanze~ gazrdilebs? - 3 wlis iyo eli, qalbatonma miCelma rom Semomiyvana sportul darbazSi, win damiyena da Cemze uTxra: esec qarTveliao. arasodes damaviwydeba bavSvis saxe, Tvalebi auwylianda, tuCi satirlad moeqca, magram maSinve Seikava cremli, Subli gaSala da gamiRima. gogona raRac saswauli bavSvia, Tbili da alersiani, naTesaviviT mimiRo, Semiyvara, Cems maikoze ki saerTod giJdebao ­ Tqva man da gaagrZela, - xSirad sarkeSi aTvalierebs sakuTar Tavs, ukvirdeba da iZaxis: naxeT, lamazi Tvalebi imitom maqvs, qarTveli rom varo, qarTvelebi yvelaze lamazebi arian msoflioSio. suxiSvilebis koncertze xom skamze ver davsviT, dolis pirvelive Semokvraze skamidan wamovarda da mocekvaveTa ileTebs imeorebda mTeli koncertis ganmavlobaSi. TaTia axla 8 wlisaa, wmida mariamis saxelobis dawyebiTi

sadac vSobilvar, gavzrdilvar, da misrolia isari, sad mama-papa megulvis, imaTi kubos ficari... sadac siyrmiTve vCveulvar, Cemi samSoblo is aris... ar gavcvli salsa kldeebsa ukvdavebisa xezeda, ar gavcvli me Cems samSoblos sxva qveynis samoTxezeda. me mirCevnia sali klde, Tovlian-yinuliani, orbi rom budobs, CanCqeri gadmoquxs maRalxmiani, jixvi da arCvi meyofa xorci aqvs mariliani, samSoblo dedis ZuZui ar gaicvlebis sxvazeda, orTav tkbilia Zmobilo, mirCevnis orTav Tvalzeda... sadac vSobilvar, gavzrdilvar, da misrolia isari, sad mama-papa megulvis imaTi kubos ficari, sadac siyrmiTve vCveulvar Cemi samSoblo is aris... rafiel erisTavi.

mis mzeraSi qarTveloba imaleba!

rom iTbobda gul-mkerds. gonebaSi moulodnelad azrma gaurbina da gulSi survilad CauZvra, survili realurad eqcia da dRes busebis ojaxi axali Svilobilis Sesaxvedrad emzadebian. `qarTveli da mxolod qarTveli!~ - aseTi iyo kategoriuli toni qarTveli gogonasi, roca qalbatonma miCelma da batona devidma meore bavSvis ayvanac gadawyvites elis Semdeg. vnaxoT, ra moxdeba?! TaTiaeli alaparakdeba pirvelad qarTulad Tu misi nanatri Zamiko inglisurad?! mTavari mainc isaa, rom am ambavs zRapariviT keTili dasasruli aqvs. ar vici, kargavs raimes amiT amerika Tu ara?! me mxolod is vici, ras iZens saqarTvelo, ufro swored vis iZens: keTilSobil adamianebs, megobar amerikelebs qalbatoni miCelisa da batoni devidis saxiT, da kidev imas, rom TaTia sergia ­ eli buse qarTul sicarieles qarTveli ZmiT Seivsebs sul male. da bolos, ar minda sevdian

notze dasruldes es werilic. ubralod daskvnis gamotanas Tqven mogandobT: mxolod erTs gTxovT, kidev erTxel daakvirdiT am fotos, iqneb Tqvenc amoikiTxoT is mzerac da is suliskveTebac, romelic am suraTis miRma imaleba da saocrad qarTulia. giuli wereTeli

V F V E K B

miuxedavad imisa, rom satelevizio "socialur" reklamebs, gansakuTrebiT am bolo dros, qarTveli mayurebeli Seegua, revoluciis iubilesadmi miZRvnili satelevizio, quCis Tu saxlis reklamebi, saxelwodebiT "saqarTvelos saxeliT" mainc sayovelTao diskusiis, sja-baasisa Tu aRSfoTebis sagani gaxda. viRacisTvis sasaciloa, viRacisTvis - SemaZrwunebeli. albaT, iseTebic arian, visac es reklamebi moswons da maT kmayofili saxiT Sescqeris. albaT, yvela mSobeli Tavis Svils pataraobidanve aswavlis, rom sakuTari Tavis qeba arcTu ise misaRebia, umjobesia, sxvam gvaqos, sxvas moewonos Cveni saqcieli. dRevandel xelisuflebas, mgoni, es ar aswavles da, miuxedavad imisa, rom isini pirdapir ar laparakoben sakuTar Tavze, sxvadasxva asakis adamianebs alaparakeben. "ra kargia miSa, me CanTa maCuqa", "Cven, revoluciur wyvils, 200-lariani vauCeri gadmogvca". viRacas Tvalebic ki auxila, viRacas muSaobis saSualeba misca da xelfasi dauniSna. mokled, ra dalevs iseT adamianebs, romelnic axalma xelisuflebam moimadliera. vin icis, kidev ramdenia, romelic am satelevizio rgolebSic ki ver moxvda. zogs sxvagvarad gaumarTla, quCaSi dakides da ise ixdian madlobas. yvelaferi, rac kargi moxda, sul axali xelisuflebis damsaxurebaa: zviadauric, pirvelklaseli gogonac, policieli Tu patrulic... albaT, saWiroa, gansakuTrebiT revoluciis wlisTavze am "monapovrebze" saubari, magram, marTali giTxraT, jer arc ise kargad gvaqvs saqme, rom ase xmamaRla viyviroT. mesmis, rom patara qveyanaSi vcxovrobT da Tundac ramdenime saskolo CanTis darigeba da erTi-ori samSobiaro vauCeris gacema (miT umetes, Tu wyvili mitingze daaxlovda), didi saqmea, magram es yvelaferi latariis gaTamaSebas emsgavseba. "viyide lataria yvelasaTvis da movige feni" an "gadavfxike da movige sarecxi manqana". aq jobda, aseTi teqsti yofiliyo: "mitingebze davdiodiT, iq davuaxlovdiT erTmaneTs, davqorwindiT da 200 laric movigeT"... ai, ra mogvitana revoluciam, vardebis revoluciam! vidre weras daviwyebdi, vifiqre, am reklamebis Semqmnelis vinaobasac davadgendi da imasac, Tu ra Tanxa ixarjeba maT ganTavsebaze teleekranze Tu quCaSi (Tumca, albaT, radioSic trialebs). Semdeg gadavifiqre. ra mniSvneloba aqvs, damkveTi, cxadia, vinc aris, Semsruleblis roli ki am SemTxvevaSi araaqtualuria. rac Seexeba finansebs, romelic am mimarTulebiT ixarjeba, namdvilad mniSvnelovania. erTi sareklamo wami televiziaSi saSualod 300 aSS dolari Rirs. axla maTi qronometraJi... yoveli maTgani patara filmiviTaa, romelic erT grZel da sentimentnarev romantikul ambavs mogviTxrobs. quCaSi bilbordebis qiraoba SedarebiT nakleb Tanxas moiTxovs, magram erT-or wyvils kidev daasaCuqrebda kaci. CanTebs xom iyidda da iyidda... mokled, saqarTvelos biujetis sakmaod mniSvnelovani nawili rom aramizanmimarTulad ixarjeba, es faqtia. Tundac, yvela kerZo Tu saxelmwifo televiziis mflobels Tavisi mxridan revoluciis dabadebis dRis aRsaniSnavad amgvari saCuqari mieZRvna xelisuflebisTvis da es reklamebi usasyidlod ganeTavsebina eTerSi, esec zaralia. am SemTxvevaSi ara mTlianad mosaxleobisTvis, aramed am telekompaniaTa TanamSromlebisTvis. erTi sityviT, revoluciuri reklamebi, romelic teleeTerSi trialebs, saxlSi moaqvT Tu quCaSi gvaxsenebs Tavs, yvela sxva naklTan erTad, imdenad cudad aris Sesrulebuli, rom gaRizianebas kidev ufro amwvavebs. isini cud TeatrSi cudi msaxiobebis mier gansaxierebul uniWo monopiesas waagavs. rac mTavaria, Cvenze ar aris damokidebuli, gvinda Tu ara maTi xilva, aravin gvekiTxeba, radgan brZaneba aseTia: gindaT! miuxedavad imisa, rom dRemde vamarTleb vardebis revolucias da mimaCnia, rom es erTmniSvnelovnad dadebiTi movlena iyo saqarTvelos uaxles istoriaSi, mainc vfiqrob, cota zedmetad viqebT Tavs, zedmetad varT dakavebuli TviTreklamiT. Tu aqamde reklamas mxolod sityvierad vismendiT, rodesac saqarTvelos prezidenti, ministrebi Tu sxvadasxva Tanamedrove Cinovnikebi sainformacio gamoSvebebis meSveobiT gvawvdendnen xmas, Tu ra "saqmeni sagmironi" Caidines, axla isini sakuTar gmirobebs ukve SemoqmedebiTad miudgnen da xSirad mxatvruli reklamis meSveobiT gvesaubrebian. es xdeba maSin, rodesac saqarTveloSi arc ekonomikuri mdgomareoba gaumjobesebula, arc eleqtroenergiis sakiTxi mogvarebula, adaminebi isev iRupebian upurod da uwamlod, miusafari bavSvebi isev quCaSi dawanwaleben, patimrebs isev awameben, kanoni isev ar kanonobs, qrTams isev iReben da ase Semdeg da ase Semdeg... iyo aseTi reklama winasaarCevnod: "saqarTvelo korufciis gareSe", romelic cota xanSi ase Seicvala: "saqarTvelo SevardnaZis gareSe". albaT, maSinde-

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niSneba: "kreba mTavarangelozisa miqaelisa da sxvaTa uxorcoTa zecisa ZalTa". miqael-mixeili aq gvyavda da angelozebi masac da Cvenc zemodan gvfaravdnen. 23 noembers da 6 maiss ki, yvelam kargad icis, didisa mowamisa da ZlevaSemosilisa giorgisa dRea, dRe, rodesac man sabolood daamarcxa jer eduard-giorgi da Semdeg aslan ibrahimis Ze. am cifrebs Tavisi zeciuri mniSvnelobiT pirvelad me ar vasaxeleb, es saqarTvelos prezidentma ukve bevrjer Segvaxsena. ase rom, batoni mixeili darwmunebu-

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li momavali xelisufalni mixvdnen, rom korufciis damarcxeba ase advili ar iqneboda, radgan maT rigebSic iyvnen da arian aseTebi. dRes Cveni yvelaze didi monapovaria: "saqarTvelo SevardnaZis gareSe" da "saqarTvelo (an aWara) aslan abaSiZis gareSe". saqme is aris, rom SevardnaZemac da abaSiZemac materialisturi TvalsazrisiT datoves qveyana Tu mTavroba, sistema ki, romelic maT Seqmnes, jer kidev myarad dgas fexze. Tumca, maTi fizikuri gadadgomac aSkara winsvlaa. garda amisa, aris sferoebi, romelSic ukan davixieT da aris sferoebi, sadac ramdenime nabiji win gadavdgiT. win gadadgmul nabijebSi arc saskolo CanTas vgulisxmob da arc 200-larian vauCers. yvelas kargad esmis, rom erT weliwadSi yvela ocnebis axdena warmoudgenelia. am iluziiT aravin ikvebeboda. swored imitom, rom mosaxleoba gagebiT ekideba yvelafers da iobis moTminebiT iTmens mouTmenels, sareklamo bodvebiT yurebis gamoWedva sruliad gaumarTlebelia. piradad me maTi yurebisas uxerxulobis gancda mi pyrobs. arseboben adamianebi, romlebic erTTavad sakuTari Tavis qeba-didebaSi arian. garda imisa, rom es, TavisTavad, sasaciloa, amave dros Semawuxebelicaa. aseT mdgomareobaSi aRmoCnda saqarTvelos xelisufleba da misi xelisufalni, romelnic ZiriTadad narcisizmiT arian Sepyrobilni. yvelaze samwuxaro ki is aris, rom maT garSemo aravinaa iseTi, vinc etyvis, rom Tavis qeba ar SeiZleba, es briyvTa maxasiaTebelia, gansakuTrebiT maSin, roca saamiso safuZveli ar arsebobs. im finansebiT, romelic am kustaruli saqmisTvis gamoiyo, ufro gamarTlebuli iqneboda, kidev ramdenime ojaxs davxmarebodiT. Semdeg, iseve rogorc sareklamo rgols, amasac xom vnaxavdiT televiziiT. magaliTad, kidev ramden wyvils daufares samSobiaro xarjebi, ramden bavSvs aCuqes Tbili tanisamosi. kargi iqneboda, Tu es Tbili tanisamosi maT SexvdebodaT, visac namdvilad ara aqvs is. dRes Cven winaSe iseTi suraTia (Tu realobas Tvals avaridebT da mxolod teleekraniT vixelmZRvanelebT), rom axalma xelisuflebam daavadebulnic gankurna, bavSvebzec izruna, Seyvarebulebsac xeli gaumarTa da pedagogebic daafasa. am sareklamo novelebs rom vismenT, bunebrivia, yvelaferi erT adamianamde midis: "miSam maCuqa" da "miSas yvelaferi SeuZlia". dasawyisSi saxlis reklamebi vaxsene. jer ar moutaniaT? male moitanen! gazeTi, romelsac ase warmogidgenen - revoluciisadmi miZRvnili saCuqari saqarTvelos prezidentisgan, romelSic imdeni tragikomikuri foto Tu statiaa moTavsebuli, rom yovel maTganze SeiZleba yuradRebis gamaxvileba. magaliTisTvis erT-erTs movitan: "mdidars arTmevs, Raribs aZlevs". es sulxan molaSvilisa da misi feSenebeluri saxlis fotos minaweria. iqve robin hudis (qarTvel gmirebs ganzrax ar vaxseneb) foto rom moeTavsebinaT, ufro originaluri iqneboda, iumors mainc davinaxavdi. miuxedavad imisa, rom mimaCnia, molaSvili namdvilad cixeSi unda ijdes, am faqtiT spekulireba zneobrivi TvalsazrisiT miuReblad meCveneba. amitom... albaT, cota xanSi televiziiT imasac gvetyvian, rom miSa mesiaa. dRes es mxolod qveteqstebSi ikiTxeba, revoluciis ori wlisTavze ki sruli seriozulobiT gamogvicxadeben. vinaidan, garda robin hudisa, xom gaxsovT, masobrivi gamosvlebi 2003 wlis noemberSi, wminda ilia marTlis dabadebis dReze, 22 noembers daiwyo, maSin, rodesac mixeili parlamentSi SeiWra. saeklesio kalendarSi es TariRi ase aRilia, an Tavad aris mesia, an jer mxolod ubralo mokvdavia, romelsac zeciuri Zalebi mfarveloben. nu daibneviT, nurc SeicxadebT. amis Sesaxeb Tqven momavali satelevizio reklamebiT, darwmunebuli var, pirdapir Tu iribad Tqmuls, aucileblad SeityobT. dRes ki miuSviT bavSvebi masTan da is CanTebs daurigebs, daavadebulT gankurnavs da siyvarulis nayofs moavlens qveyanas sul raRac 200 larad... da bolos. es yvelaferi kargia, magram Tu saqarTvelos politika mxolod reklamaze iqneba damyarebuli, maSin uares Sedegs miviRebT, vidre sul cota xnis win, e.w. post-komunistur epoqaSi gvqonda. maSin imas mainc gveubnebodnen: gvacaleT, batono, gvacaleT... axla ki... dRevandeli mTavrobis TviTkmayofileba imdenad SemaZrwuneblad gamoiyureba... isini imdenad kmayofilni arian, rom sakuTar Tavs sareklamo novelebsa da fotosuraTebsac uZRvnian, romelTac Cven gamudmebiT unda vuyuroT. xelisuflebis damcvelni CamomiTvlian, ramdeni sasikeTo saqme gakeTda: patruli, ganaTlebis reforma, romelic axla iRebs starts, kidev ramdenime met-naklebad mniSvnelovani TiTze CamosaTvleli movlena... geTanxmebiT, moxda da arc me var daunaxavi, magram yvelaze didi monapovari is aris, rom vardebisa da aWaris revolucia sisxlisRvris gareSe, araZaladobrivi gziT moxda. yvelaze metad amiT unda viamayoT. garda amisa, kidev sxva mravali siaxlea, magram yvelaze mniSvnelovani da saWiro cvlilebebi jer ar ganxorcielebula da arc ise kargadaa Cveni saqme, rogorc amas saxelisuflebo reklamebi gveubneba. ninia kakabaZe

6

pirs ar daakarebda, arc cocxlad nayids. xSirad madlobis niSnad mogviyvandnen xolme cocxal cxvars aRar icoda, ra eqna ukan xom ver gavatan, egonebaT, rom saCuqari davuwuneo. ,,araferi ar minda, risTvis SewuxebulxarTo,etyoda xolme... gaugzavnida am cxvars wyneTis darajs. is ki Cveulebisamebr, etyoda mgelma moitacao... mamas ra Tqma unda, ara sjeroda, magram uxaroda, kargia, rom magis codvaSi ar Cavdeqio. eameboda sofluri puri da kameCis mawoni... swyinda, roca sanTelze mofrenil peplebs xocavdnen ras erCiT, isedac erTi dRe aqvT, gaixarono... xSirad bavSvisTvis yidulobda Citebs galiiT, mxolod imitom, rom bavSvs ganTavisuflebis sixaruli egrZno. aWmevda, wyals daalevinebda da mere gaaSvebinebda ai, axla Sena glo-

V F V E K B

SeiZleba swored imitom, rom arasodes gvijavrdeboda, sul gvefereboda, yvelafris nebas gvaZlevda, gverideboda mamasi, arasdros araferi mogviTxovia... aseTive mosiyvarule Svili iyo, mosiyvarule dedis. gulCvili iyo. dedis saflavze cremlebiT tiroda. bebiis gardacvalebis dReebSi, biZaCem levans da mamas erT oTaxSi eZinaT. deda ambobda rogorc patara biWebi, ise tirodnen mTel Rameso. bolo wlebSi gansakuTrebiT uyvarda bunebaSi yofna, samsaxuridan manqaniT mcxeTisken gavla nataxtarisken, saerTod, qarTli uyvarda Zalian. haerze gavivlio, bavSvebs waiyvanda xSirad. bolo wels, im gazafxulze mec wavyevi. wagviyvana wilkanSi. Semdeg gamovbrundiT. nataxtarTan, mindorze, xis qveS visauzmeT. me mklavze mZivi mqonda Semoxveuli. TbilisSi

...adamianze zrunva sixaruls aniWebda. saocari unari hqonda mosmenis, sityvas ar Seawyvetinebda aravis, bolomde mousmenda. moyvaruli nazi guli hqonda... sxvaze fiqrobda mudam guli ar daeCagros, ar ewyinoso dards gulTan miitanda. martooba ar SeeZlo. ...marto sadilzec ar Sesvamda erT Wiqa Rvinos, xSirad uZmardeboda kidec... ustumrod mzesac ki siTbo akliao, ityoda. sxvagan ver Zlebda. erT kviraze mets ver Cerdeboda moskovSi. Cven dagvtovebda da wamovidoda. mTeli dRe arqivSi ijda. uars ambobda delegaciebSi Sors wasvlaze... bolos uari Tqva indoeTSi Tu CineTSi wasvlaze im siSoreze ra wamiyvans, ra gamaZlebinebso. axlos iyo ubralo xalxTan... miwasTan... Sendobis didi unari hqonda. gaRmerTebuli hyavda samSoblo, winaprebi... ,,roca vaxseneb gmirTa saxelebs, yeli mitkbeba, Tafldeba sityva". ...Tamadoba uyvarda. imdenad sma ki ara, xalxTan urTierToba exaliseboda... iwyebda samSoblos, winaprebis sadRegrZeloTi, maTi Rvawlis aRniSvniT... svamda patara WiqiT, qamriani WiqiT. sZulda Cais WiqebiT sma. ...ar svamda arays, koniaks... Rvinis garda arafers svamda. ar minaxavs mTvrali. nasvami ufro kargi xdeboda... mxiaruli, alersiani... uyvarda sxvisi daxmareba... mTxovnels miuwerda werils, daurekavda, wayveboda kidec... pasuxi SematyobineTo, daubarebda. yvela sulieri uyvarda, ecodeboda. Sin gazrdil qaTams

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cavso. uyvarda xe, balaxi, yvavili, mTa, mze. yvavili miwis Rimiliao, ityoda. ,,me vemTxvie mzis TavTavebs, vazTan viyav daCoqili..." an ,,Tavs vuxri balaxs, minda sicocxle am TeTr vaSlis qveS ukunisamde..." Zalian keTili, bavSviviT gulubryvilo iyo, zogi kidevac borotad iyenebda amas. sinaTle, mze uyvarda. fardebs gadaswevda, mzem Semoixedoso. sibnele sZulda mgzavrobisas yovelTvis asanTs da sanTels gavatandiT xolme. bolosac, albaT bolomde ver davijereT, rac moxda... isev ise gavatane samudamo gzaze asanTi da sanTeli... sikvdili sZulda arasodes laparakobda amaze. mxolod erTxel miTxra Tqven ukve unda SeeguoT im azrs, rom Cven aRar viqnebiT. manam adamiani cocxalia, sikvdils imasTan ra unda, roca gardaicvleba is ukve verafers ver igrZnobso.

es iyo martSi... oTxi Tvis Semdeg ki... adamiani madlobeli unda iyos yoveli wuTiT, romelic RmerTma uboZao... ejavreboda uxeSi sityva... adamianis suls atlanqebso. yovelgvari Zaladoba ejavreboda... bavSvi Tavisuflad unda gazardo, ar aris saWiro amdeni SeniSvnebio, metyoda. ar gvaxsovs misgan xmis amaRleba... ar iyo Cveulebrivi mama, meuRle, papa. araCveulebrivi mzrunveli, yuradRebiani, dReSi ramdenjerme dagirekavda rogora xarT, deda rogor aris, rame xom ar gindaTo, da ase yoveldRe. me aqa da aq var... Cemi dardi nu gaqvT. ar varga, Svilo, amdeni dardi... patara rom myavda, akvanSi iwva... mama Cumad Sesuliyo da artaxebi aexsna, xelebi gaeTavisuflebina, bavSvi naxevrad gadmokidebuli iyo, rom Sevedi. Semecoda, vin icis, xelis gaSla rogor undodao...

rom CamovediT, maSin mivxvdi, rom davkarge. Zalian Sevwuxdi. mamam mkiTxa, Zvirfasi iyoo? me mivuge, ara, Zvirfasi ar iyo, magram Zalian miyvardameTqi. erTiori dRis Semdeg samsaxuridan damireka, raki Sen eg mZivi gyvarebia, wavideT, iqneb vi povoTo. warmoidgineT, rom vi poveT. mama Zalian nasiamovnebi iyo. Zalian awuxebda samxreT saqarTvelos bedi: ,,ise davberdi, veRar vnaxe tbeTi, Satberdi"... saflavebs daeZebda. sabas, besikis gadmosveneba undoda. ar uyvarda kinto da yaraCoReli, ukvirda maTiT gataceba. ar uyvarda kvi parosi. sasaflaos xes eZaxda. arc palma Cveneburi ar ariso. wiwvovani xeebi moswonda, magram is ar moswonda yvelgan wiwvovans rom rgaven, ar etyoba arc gazafxuli, arc Semodgomao. iyo Zalian upretenzio. Zalian advili iyo masTan cxovreba. arasdros arafers gai-

Zulebda, Tavs arafers mogaxvevda. uyvarda Tavisufleba. Zaldataneba danaSaulad miaCnda. SeniSvnebs erideboda. arafers moiTxovda. firosmanis quCaze, N 29Si, sadac niko firosmani cxovrobda, memorialis gaxsna undoda. ocnebobda firosmanis Zeglze. erekles, daviT aRmaSeneblis, Tamaris Zegli undoda TbilisSi... Tamaris quCa da moedani... firosmanis saflavs daeZebda... undoda filmi firosmanze. scenarze muSaobda. firosmanis Tvrameti suraTi gadasca muzeums, es eris sakuTrebaa da me ufleba ara maqvs, Cems binaSi Cavketoo. aTobiT xelnaweri, sabuTi, sigeli, uZvelesi wigni gadasca xelnawerTa instituts... mleTis quCaze, N 5Si, sadac vaJafSavela rCeboda Tavisi Zmis sandros binaze, TbilisSi Camosvlisas, memoriali unda moewyoso... moswonda merab berZeniSvilis vaxtang gorgasali... ,,avTandili" Searqva da undoda, enaxa dadgmuli TbilisSi Tu ara, mcxeTaSi mainc. baraTaSvilis krebulSi leqs ,,sayures" miwerili aqvs mamas xeliT ,,Tayvans vcem ilias da akakis, magram me gamakvirva mxolod nikoloz baraTaSvilma da vaJafSavelam!" unabze leqsi aqvs dawerili, marto TbilisSi xarobso... Zalian uyvarda mindvris yvavilebi.

dahkravs wami da... gamoielvebs pir-maxviani sikvdilis celi. usazRvro sofels movswydebi ise, viT SemodgomiT verxvis furceli. me waval iqiT, siTac movsulvar, sac imyofeba bina sulisa da am miwaze darCeba mxolod oboli cremli siyvarulisa!.

nestan leoniZe

V F V E K B

maT saxls ,,momReral saxls" eZaxdnen. oTxi wlisa ukve bebiebis mTels repertuars mReroda, 19 wlisa saqarTvelos saxelmwifo orkestr ,,rero"-sTan erTad gastrolebiT sabWoTa kavSirisa da evropis sxvadasxva qalaqebSi gamodioda. marTavda solo koncertebs, asrulebda qarTul da rusul romansebs. igi arasodes hgavda sxvebs... ,,misi garegnoba Suasaukuneebis portrets mogagonebT, misTvis damaxasiaTebeli asketizmiTa da udreki sulierebiT". 1981 wels misi bebiis, qalbatoni Tamaris saiubileo saRamoze stumrad mowveul bulat okujavas misi SesrulebiT pirvelad mousmenia sakuTari simRerebi da mas Semdeg mis yovel koncerts eswreboda. m a n a n a m e n a b d i s Sesaxeb gesaubrebiT... mas erT wynar saRamos, miunxenis patara darbazSi gamarTul koncertze Sevxvdi. qalbatoni, romelic simSvidesa da ubraloebas asxivebda, interviuze siamovnebiT damTanxmda.

qalbatono manana, Cvens interviuTa cikls yovelTvis respodentis biografias vurTavT win, raTa mkiTxvels intervius wakiTxvamde raRac garveuli STabeWdileba Seeqnmas adamianze, romelTanac Cvens saubars ecnoba. dameTanxmebiT, rTulia mxolod mSrali faqtebiT adamianis gacnoba. iqneb ori sityviT Tqvens Sesaxeb iseTi raRac gviTxraT, rasac sayovelTaod cnobil biografiaSi ver amovikiTxavT. - me erT rames mivxvdi ­ zustad is gmiri var, romlis Sesaxebac koncertzec wavikiTxe: ,,erTi kaci Tavisi Tavisagan sxva qalaqSi gadavida sacxovreblad". saRamoze Tqveni ojaxis Sesaxeb araCveulebrivi mogonebebi movismineT. samwuxarod maTi gamocema qarTul enaze jer ver xerxdeba, igi male rusulad gamova. ra Seva manana menabdis mogonebebSi? - Cemi mogonebebi ZiriTadad im gancdas ukavSirdeba, rasac samSoblosa da ojaxis nostalgia hqvia. radganac me sul iq var ­ bebiasTan, mamasTan, dedasTan... ZiriTadi Tema esaa da Sesabamisad me sxvadasxva situaciebSi. folkners aqvs aseTi gamoTqma: ,,adamianma araferi ar unda daitovos Tavis sawer oTaxSi", e.i. man yvelaferi unda gaxsnas da gadmoiRos. me minda rom Cemi biografiac iseTi iyos ­ gamoxatavdes Cems grZnobebs, rom Cemi guli da suli, romelic qaRaldze gadmova, gaxsnili iyos. garda amisa, mgonia, rom yvela admians unda hqondes Sinagani cenzori. yvela CvenTagans hyavs iseTi adamiani, romelmac gvawyenina, ise ar mogveqca, rogorc Cven gvindoda an raime tkivili mogvaniWa. magram adamiani am wyenasa da tkivilze mala unda dadge, rodesac sityvasTan gaqvs saqme da miTumetes, rodesac avtobiografias wer. arc Tavi ar unda imarTlo ­ admiani rac ufro metad imarTlebs Tavs, miT ufro metad damnaSavea; rac ufro metad Cxubobs da yviris, miT ufro naklebad esmiT misi. me vTvli, rom am avtobiografiam admianebs sixaruli unda moutanos. miuxedavad imisa, rom igi avtobiografiuli xasiaTisaa, igi mainc literaturuli nawarmoebia. igi iseTi unda iyos, rom adamians afiqrebinos: ,,mec ganvicade es", radganac Cven yvelani admianebi varT da erTnair raRaceebs ganvicdiT. ar miyvars, rodesac avtobiografiul nawarmoebebSi amxileben viRaceebs, raRac angariSis sworeba midis vinmesTan. Zalian moxaruli viqnebi, Tu movineba, mogexsenebaT, TandaTan modis. Tavidan viyavi gawonasworebuli da wynari, Semdeg uceb me-9, me-10 klasidan gavgiJdi da gadavirie. magram SemiZlia Tavisuflad vTqva, rom miuxedavad yvelafrisa, rac Seexeba Sinagan morals adamianSi, igi yovelTvis mqonda da arasodes damirRvevia. Tumca ki Cemze uamrav raRaceebs laparakoben, Tan Zalian xSirad iseTi adamianebi, romlebsac saerTod ar vicnobdi. Tavidan Zalian ganvicdidi, Semdeg ki (am 14 wlis ganmavlobaSi rac aq Camovedi, moxda yvelafris gadafaseba) mivxvdi erT rames: saqme is ki araa, Senze ras laparakoben, aramed Sen TviTon ras laparakob Sens Tavze. yvelaze mniSvnelovania sarkeSi Caxedvisas sakuTari TavisaTvis Sexedva ar Segrcxves. es gamovitane me aq cxovrebidan. erTi momenti mqonda yovelTvis: gavurbodi Tayvanismcemlebs, dRemde meSinia maTi. Cven yvelani adamianebi varT. me simRera SemiZlia da Zalian Cveulebrivi damokidebuleba maqvs amis mimarT. Zalian ar miyvars sakuTari Semoqmedebis morevSi CaRrmaveba da Cavardna. arasodes ar momqonda Tavi imiT, rom raRaciT sxvaze gansakuTrebuli var. sami wlisa solfejios da urTules qarTul xalxur simRerebsa da bebiebis mTels repertuars vmRerodi da aravis arasodes skamze ar davuyenebivar, ar uTqvamT: SexedeT sami wlis mananas ra SeuZliao. Tu gindaT simarTles getyviT ­ magidis qveS vZvrebodi da iqidan vmRerodi. me axla mixaria da pativs vcem Cems mSoblebs imis gamo, rom manana kulti ar gamxdara. saqarTveloSi yvela mReris, aq gasakviri araferia. - dameTanxmebiT, bulat okujavasTan urTierTioba Tqveni cxovrebis didi epozodia. rogori iyo axalgazrda momRerlisaTvis, im adamianis gacnoba, romelTa simRerebsac aseTi siyvaruliT asrulebda? ra grZnoba iyo, rodesac 1981 wels pirvelad scenidan mis simRebes asrulebdiT, maTi avtori ki darbazSi imyofeboda. - me ar vicodi, rom igi darbazSi iyo. scenaze gasuls, Cemi da xelebs miqnevda, raRacas maniSnebda. mxolod kulisebSi gasvlisas gavige, rom Turme bulat okujava Tavisi ojaxiT darbazSi ijda. Semdeg igi scenaze amovida da maCuqa romani ,,uteCestvie deletantov". am dRidan daiwyo Cveni urTierToba. igi yvela Cems koncerts eswreboda (iseve rogorc yvela Cems koncerts eswreboda raikini da mixeil kazakovi). igi ar iyo iseTi pirovneba, romelTanac ase advilad imegobrebdi ­ Zalian mkacri da momTxovni iyo. erTi rame SemiZlia vTqva: Cven gvqonda saocrad Tbili, saocrad axlo urTierToba, werilebiT, telefoniT... amis gamo me ubednieresi adamiani var. - Tqven ramodenime filmSic xarT gadaRebuli. 1982 wels lana RoroberiZis filmisaTvis ,,dRes Rame uTenebia" musikac dawereT. am filmma Semdeg didi warmateba moi pova kanSi. ras gvetyodiT manana menabdeze, rogorc msaxiobze? - pirvelad lia eliavas filmSi viTamaSe, ,,sinemaSi", mqonda 7-8 wuTiani roli. patara restornis momRerali viyavi, mexura didi qudi, mecva Zveleburi kaba da RimiliT vasrulebdi simReras. adre kino-sareJisoroze mindoJurnal Tanamemamules redaqtori miunxenidan

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nino xabelaSvili

da Cabareba, rac samwuxarod ar gamovida. lana RoRoberiZe films iRebda, vTxove reJisoris asistenti vyofliliyavi. miuxedavad imisa, rom samuSao jgufi ukve arsebobda, lanam mainc mimiRo. gavida ori-sami kvira da lanam SemomTavaza moxetiale berikas roli meTamaSa. gavida kidev ori kvira da SemomTavaza damewera musika amave filmisaTvis. sabolood filmisaTis erTi simRera gia yanCelma dawera, danarCeni me. Semdeg viTamaSe nana xatiskacisa da Tengiz maRalaSvilis filmSi "arsenas simRera". Sevasrule arsenas dedis roli. saintereso isaa, rom yovelTvis ase xdeboda: filmis gadaReba ukve dawyebuli iyo, jgufi Sedgenili, scenari damTavrebuli da damtkicebuli da ucbad reJisors uCndeboda survili CemTvis raime roli daewera. "sibrZne-sicruisa"-Si viTamaSe gadias roli. es Zalian mcire roli iyo. viTamaSe filmSi vera davidovas Sesaxeb "znak sudba". igi dokumenturi xasiaTisa iyo, Sevasrule reJisoris roli, romelic iRebda films am qalbatonze. sinamdvileSi yvela me meubneboda madlobas, ra kargi filmi gadagiRiao. erTs avuxseni, meores avuxseni, mesames... da bolos rom ver gavagebine, davanebe Tavi. arasodes videbdi grims, arasodes vixatavdi Tvalebs, rasac ratomRac sul sxva raRaceebs awerdnen. me yovelTvis mindoda, rac SeiZleba bunebrivi warvmdgariyavi mayureblis winaSe. mTavari ubraloeba da simarTlea, romelic adamianSia. rogorc rilke ambobda: "bgerad unda iqce, xed unda iqce". jer unda iqce xed da mere dawero. me, magaliTad, SeiZleba davwero xeze, magram es mxolod Cemeuli gancda iqneba. unda gaxde xe, unda gaxde bgera, TiToeuli bgera da SeiZleba maSin gamogivides rame. - mxatvari manana menabde? - es yovelive erTmaneTisagan gamodis. me SemiZlia vTqva, rom aseve veuflebi sityvas, literaturul sityvas da mxatvari rom var, es aris erT-erTi komponenti imisaTvis, raTa sisruleSi movides Cemi simRera. - am intervius amerikis qarTveloba waikiTxavs, rogor mimarTavdiT ucxoeTSi mcxovreb qarTvelebs? - darwmunebuli var, Tavisi patara saqarTvelo TiToeul qarTvels Tan aqvs waRebuli. yvelas vusurvebdi ar daekargoT sulis simtkice da gamZleoba. is Zalebi ki, rac Cven saqarTvelodan wamoviReT, ukan mivabrunoT, saqarTvelos da qarTul sazogadoebas movaxmaroT ­ amaze dids da kargs verafers gavakeTebT. minda, rom sazRvargareT myof qarTvelebs gamocdileba gagvaziarebina TanamemamuleebisaTvis da yvelani erTad iseTi magaliTi vyofiliyaviT, rom maT Cveni ar SercxvenodeT; momaval Taobas, romelic ukan moabrunebs Tavs, Cemi ar unda Sercxves...

manana menabde 1948 wels TbilisSi daibada. saxelmwifo jaz-orkestr "reros" wevrs hqonda gastrolebi yofil sabWoTa kavSirsa da evropaSi, marTavda solo koncertebs. mis repertuarSi Sedioda qarTuli da rusuli romansebi, bulat okujavas simRerebi, aleqsandre vertinskis liriuli nawarmoebebi. saqarTvelosa da sazRvargareTis radioteleviziebi gadmoscemen manana menabdis simRerebsa da mis Sesaxeb momzadebul gadacemebs. 1977-1982 ww. TanamSromlobs folkloruli jazis Jguf "enkenTan". 1982 wels mTavar rols asrulebs da wers musikas lana RoRoberiZis filmisaTvis "dRes Rame uTenebia". 1976-1981 ww. muSaobs saqarTvelos saxelmwifo televiziaSi musikalur gadacemaTa reJisorad; iRebs miuzikls, wers musikalur scenarebs sxvadasxva gadacemebisaTvis. 19841988 ww. iRebs samuSao mowvevas qarTul sakoncerto saagentodan "filarmonia". 1991 w. iwyeba manana menabdis koncertebi, saRamoebi Tu gamofenebi germaniaSi. wels gamovida misi wigni: ,,da dro gadioda...". am patara moTxrobebSi didi sibrZnea Cadebuli. gaga lomiZe Tavis bolosityvaobaSi mas manana menabdis "cxovrebis wigns" uwodebs. xerxdeba avtobiografiis qarTulad gamocema; Tavidanve Cemi survili iyo, Cemi igavarakebi pirvelad qarTul enaze gamosuliyo. TbilisSi aris germanisti, gaga lomiZe (igi Tavad kritikul werilbs wers da Zalian saintereso axlgazrdaa), romelic Cems nawerebs uvlis. misi da misi megobrebis wyalobiT mecnierebaTa akademiaSi ibeWdeba wigni ,,XXI saukunis mwerlebi", romelSic 20 gverdi maqvs daTmobili. ramodenime wlis win qarTuli sonetebis cikli Sevqmeni da igi igav-arakebTan erTad am wignSi daibeWdeba; aris ,,dardis soneti", aris ,,Tmenis soneti"... - albaT, uzomo bednierebaa daibado ojaxSi, rogorSic Tqven daibadeT da gaizardeT. Cemis azriT, aseT ojaxSi dabadebas bednierebasTan erTad raRac pasuxismgeblobebic moaqvs Tan. Tqveni xelovnebis mimarT, albaT, kritikac ufro meti da mkacri iyo imave mizezis gamo, rom swored aseTi ojaxidan modixarT. - erTis mxriv me Zalian ganebivrebuli var, meores mxriv ganebivrebuli arc var. kritika raTqmaunda ojaxSic yovelTvis arsebobda, iyo raRac xazi, ase vTqvaT, barometri, Tarazo. me yovelTvis eqstremaluri adamiani viyavi, daR-

Tavisi patara saqarTvelo yvelas Tan waRebuli aqvs

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dadga XXI saukune... kacobrioba axali impulsebiT imuxteba... istoriaSi dgeba momenti, roca erTaderTi politikosi, lideri, saxelmwifo moRvawe gangebis mier mowodebulia gardatexa moaxdinos msoflio movlenaTa msvlelobaSi. qristeSobidan mesame aTaswleuli amerikis SeerTebuli Statebis prezidentis jorj buSis politikuri mesijebT iwyeba. TiToeuli maTgani ase ikiTxeba: pirveli _ totaluri samxedro dapirispirebis moxsna, sayovelTao mSvidobis da stabilurobis damkvidreba msoflioSi. iseTi momavlis Seqmna, sadac Tavisufleba, imedi da ayvaveba bolosdabolos xangrZlivi realoba gaxdeba. Zveli da dromoWmuli ubrZolvelad ar Tmobs poziciebs. kacobriobisadmi daSvebuli Secdomebis monaniebis nacvlad diqtatoruli reJimebi fundamentalistebTan erTad agrZeleben iracionaluri agresiis strategias. marTalia es strategia gardauvali kraxisTvisaa ganwiruli, magram dResdReobiT mas didi ziani moaqvs adamianebisaTvis yvelgan _ mTels dedamiwaze. civi omis dasrulebisTanave warmoiqmna axali safrTxe _ diqtatoruli reJimebis da kamikaZe-teroristTa saxifaTo kavSirebi. saerTaSoriso terorizmis saSiSroeba realuri gaxda. saocari siswrafiT _ termitebiviT mravldebian alahTan, samoTxeSi mimavali fanatikosi kamikaZe-teroristebi da TavianTi ugnurebiT surT daRupon kacobrioba. maT mxars uWeren diqtatoruli reJimebi, romlebmac sakuTari qveynebi daamsgavses Wrilobis mouSuSeblobiT ukvdaveba CaSxamebul kentavr qirons. istoriis kritikul momentSi, roca amerikis SeerTebulma Statebma Tavis Tavze miiRo teroristTa pirveli dartyma- ganxorcielda 11 seqtembris saSineli teraqti, jorj buSma gonieri da gabeduli nabijebi gadadga saerTaSoriso asparezze. kerZod, avRaneTsa da eraySi istoriis avbediTi msvlelobis SesaCereblad amerikis prezidentma jerarnaxul istoriul movlenas Cauyara safuZveli. mTeli msoflios progresuli Zalebi gaaerTiana kacobriobis udidesi safrTxis winaSe sabrZolvelad. koalicia buSis meTaurobiT win gadaeRoba regresuli, Savbneli zraxvebiT gonebadabinduli fundamentalistebis da diqtatoruli reJimebis agresias. man Tavis Tavze aiRo msoflioSi arsebul dapirispirebaTa aRmofxvris pasuxismgebloba. didi primitiulobaa ganixilo terorizmis problema da masTan dakavSirebuli konfliqti mxolod geopolitikis, rel-politikis, kulturis, religiis, ekonomikis da gnebavT msoflmxedvelobis mentalobis WrilSi. aq yvela es aspeqti gordiasis miTiuri kvanZiviTaa erTmaneTSi gadaxlarTuli. buSma konfliqtis mogvarebis makedonuri strategia airCia. am situaciaSi savsebiT logikuria, rom Zalas Zala daupirispirda. WeSmaritad, rogorc hegeli ityoda:@"istoriaSi aris goneba". kacobriobis ganviTarebis ama Tu im etapze rodesac bneli Zalebi TiTqmis erT fokusSi iyrida xolme Tavs, aucileblobis ZaliT Tavs iCenda sapirispiro movlenac _ sazogadoebidan xdeboda jansaRi gonebis emanacia. am aucileblobis ZaliT daupirispirda amerikis sazogadoeba da buSis mxardamWeri koalicia bnel Zalebs. amerikis prezidentis gamWriaxobis da gmiruli poziciis wylobiT imedma SiSi daTrguna. raoden samwuxaroa, rom buSis politikuri oponentebi aSkarad ver acnobiereben prezidentis taqtikur svlebs da gansakuTrebiT akritikeben mas erayTan omis gamo. mxolod axlomxedvel politikoss SeuZlia Tqvas: marTalia toni blers Wkua ar aklia, magram buSTan erTad erayis winaSe isic damnaSaveao. sad aris logika? tirani huseini erayelTaTvis frTosani angelozi iyo. mas frTebi mxolod aSS-s da britaneTis Tavkacebma SeaWres. prezidentis oponentebi lamis komunizmis apologiamde midian roca komunistebiviT socialuri sakiTxebiT spekulireben. amgvari kritikuli gamosvlebi martivi gasaSifria da aSkarad mianiSneben avtorTa piraduli, mxolod sakuTari interesebiT moqmedebis motivaciaze. ras izam, am qveynad yvelaferze Zneli stereoti pebis msxvrevaa, gansakuTrebiT ki ukve sakuTar Tvisebad qceuli stereoti pebisa, romelic erTgvarad kodirebuli adamianebis uSfoTveli cxovrebis garantiac gamxdara. tradiciulad saarCevno kampaniis paralelurad gaaqtiurdnen axlomxedveli pacifistebi. maT omis sawinaaRmdego "seriozul" motivaciebs bolo ar uCans. samwuxarod, isini ver acnobiereben saerTaSoriso terorizmis aSkara safrTxes, TiTqmis yvela pacifists erTbaSad daubnelda goneba. isini pasuxs Txoven buSsa da mis administracias eraySi aseulobiT daRupuli amerikeli jariskacebis gamo. Tumca, aviwydebaT: saerTaSoriso terorizmis gaaqtiurebiT 2001 wlis 11 seqtembridan dRemde ramdeni aseul aTasobiT mSvidobiani moqalaqe daiRupa. reaqciuli Zalebi kvlav intensiurad ganagrZoben brunvas Tavisi brma imedebis garSemo. Tu saerTaSoriso terorizms Tavis nebaze mivuSvebT diqtatoruli reJimebis xelSewyobiT isini erTnairad gaaxveven mTel dedamiwas jojoxeTuri cecxlis alSi, ise rom, yvela avic da kargic, damnaSavec da udanaSauloc, pacifistic da antipacifistic erT jurRmulSi Cacvivdeba da codva madlis gamkiTxavic aravin darCeba cisfer planetaze. pacifistebi uneblied maT wisqvilze asxamen wyals. buSis politikurma oponentebma kargad unda gaacnobieron: prezidents ara marto Riad, xiluli mtrebis winaaRmdeg uwevs brZola, aramed faruli Zalebis winaaRmdegac, romelTa miRmac moiazrebian is odindeli teroristuli saxelmwifoebi, romlebic dRes demokratiis mantiiT Semosilebi farulad mxars uWeren teroristebs, exmarebian iaraRiT, finansurad Tu cocxali ZaliT. gamoricxuli ar aris romelime fsevdodemokratiulma qveyanam saerTaSoriso terorizmis winaaRmdeg mebrZoli gmiris niRabi moirgos da iaraRiT moamaragos teroristebi Tavisi bneli miznebis aRsasruleblad, romelsac saukuneebis manZilze farulad atarebda gulSi da tkbil sizmrebSi xan mesame romad da xan monRolTa msgavsad msoflio mbrZaneblad gaxdomas eltvoda. am miznis misaRwevad istoriuladac (me-17,18.19,20 saukuneebi) xSirad kravda kavSirs fundamentalizmiT dabnelebul gonebasTan dasavluri kulturis Tu civilizaciis Tavis marwuxebSi mosaqcevad. kavkasiasTan mimarTebaSi man es ocneba me-19 saukuneSi aisrula (ruseTis saimperatoro karma me-18 saukuneSi erTi milioni vercxlis Ffuli moWra sparseTis maSindeli mmarTvelis aRa mahmadxanis laSqrobis dasafinanseblad da saqarTvelos_kavkasiis karibWis

V F V E K B

da aRmosavleTSi evropuli civilizaciis ukanaskneli godolis dasaCoqeblad). winaparTagan naanderZeb am politikur kurss is dResac erTgulad agrZelebs. j. buSis mimdevarTaTvis sruliad naTeli gaxda: statikur gaeros eqscentriuli kacobriobis globaluri problemebis gadawyveta ar ZaluZs, swored amitom Seiqmna terorizmTan mebrZoli saerTaSoriso koalicia. aSS-s dRevandelma prezidentma mTlianad Tavis Tavze aiRo msoflioSi arsebul dapirispirebaTa aRmofxvris pasuxismgebloba. igi mTeli ZalisxmeviT iRwvis raTa msoflioSi yvelgan mbruli miRwevaa. mSvidobisa da stabilurobis mniSvnelovani faqtoria agreTve, fsevdo demokratiul qveynebSi mediis, sityvis Tavisuflebis ganmtkicebisaTvis mizanmimarTuli ukompromiso brZola. beslanSi momxdari teraqtis Semdgom ruseTis masmedeaSi ganviTarebul movlenebze amerikis administraciis aqtiuri reagireba am brZolis gamoxatulebaa. demokratia mWidrod aris dakavSirebuli kulturasTan. humanuri ideebis, sakacobrio Rirebulebebis ganmtkicebaSi mniSvnelovan rols TamaSobs kulturis fenomeni. ukulturo adamiani idealuri demlis wyalobiT moxerxda istoriis axali karibWis gaxsna. prezidenti mkafio da mizandasaxuli strategiiT warmarTavs amerikis ekonomiuri da samxedro Zlierebis ganmtkicebis politikur kurss. gansakuTrebiT zrunavs amerikis sazRvrebis (saxmeleTo, sazRvao, sahaero) uprecedentod gaZlierebuli dacvisaTvis, qveynis SigniT usafrTxoebis zomebis ganmtkicebisaTvis da amerikeli xalxis Rirsebis grZnobis amaRlebisaTvis. j. buSis da misi gundis Rrmad gaazrebulma politikurma kursma aSS-is sazogadoebas SesZina eris iseTi specifikuri niSani, romelic manamde ar axasiaTebda dedamiwis zurgze arcerT ers. 100 wlis win qarTveli mecnieri m. wereTeli werda: "erTi nakli emCneoda yvela ers, romelic Tavisuflebas da damoukideblobas etrfoda: maT mxolod TavisTvis swamdaT Tavisufleba... sxva erTaTvis ki ukve ganTavisuflebulT _ es Tavisufleba ar swaddaT." swored es nakli dasZlia da axali humanuri, aRmatebuli Tviseba SeiZina aSS_s sazogadoebam j. buSis da misi Tanamzraxvelebis saSinao da sagareo strategiis gonivruli, mizanmimarTuli warmarTviT. aSS_s prezidenti da misi gundi aerostativiT eweva Aamerikis sazogadoebas maRla _ sakacobrio idealebis da misiis aRsrulebisaken msoflios yvela eris demokratiuli Tu kulturuli ganviTarebisaTvis da politikuri damoukideblobisaTvis. saerTaSoriso terorizmTan da diqtatorul reJimebTan ukompromiso brZola sxva qveynebis da erebis Tavisuflebisaken mimarTuli brZolac gaxlavT. dRes buSis amerika aris qveyana, romlisac sjeraT da romelsac endobian msoflios progresuli Zalebi. igia msoflio sazogadoebriobis keTildReobis garanti. buSi msoflios sasikeTo ganviTarebis da bednieri momavlis garantiebs am sami postulatis urTierTkavSirSi ganixilavs. maTma amoqmedebam mTlianad unda Secvalos samyaros azrovneba da daiwyos Tvisobrivad axali era. maT xorcSesxmas unda mohyves msoflios ekonomiuri, politikuri, socialuri da kulturuli aRmavloba, mSvidoba da keTildReoba. magram yvela gaigebs, yvela mixvdeba Tqvens misias? ras izamT, aseTi arian adamianebi, aseTia sazogadoeba, aseTia lideris xvedri. da mainc, msoflio yovelTvis madlieri iqneb misi amgvari ZalisxmevisaTvis. P.S. es werili Cemi patara qveynis mravalsaukunovanma tkivilma damawerina. qveynis, romlis mravali Taoba saukuneTa ganmavlobaSi ocnebobda dasavlur civilizaciasTan erTobaze. qarTuli kultura, erovnuli TviTSegneba da RirebulebaTa sistema Tavisi arsiT imTaviTve evropuli iyo. samwuxarod evropam ver SeZlo daxmareboda saqarTvelos miuxedavad misi mravalgzis mcdelobisa. da ai dRes, is rac ver SeZlo evropam saukuneebis winaT, xorcSesxmul realobad aqcia aSS_ma da misma politikurma liderma. Tumca brZola jer ar dasrulebula saqarTvelos Ffsevdodemokratiuli monstris brWyalebidan mitacebuli teritoriebi aqvs dasaxsneli. saqarTvelos saxelmwifo suveneruli Zalmosilebis da realuri damoukideblobis garanti, misi warmatebis sawindari dRevandeli amerikis politikuri kursi da misi lideris buSis politikuri kredoa. mzia sulaZe nodar xvedeliZe

hfnjv

,eib~

Zaneblobdes kanoni da ara Zalis kanoni. samwuxarod problemis Zalismieri gadawyvetis garda sxva gza ar arsebobs. destruqciul Zalebs ar aqvT amis keTili neba. erTaderTi swori da problemis mogvarebisken mimavali gza am viTarebaSi Zalis manifestaciaa _ Tanmimdevruli, mizandasaxuli brZolis saxiT. meore _ demokratiul princi pebze damyarebuli sazogadoebis mSenebloba da ganviTareba mTel msoflioSi; buSi axali msoflios erT-erTi arqiteqtorTagania, msofliosi, romelic efuZneba Tavisuflebis, demokratiis da adamianis ulebebis Rirebulebs. misi Zalisxmeva mimarTulia adamianis Rirsebis da Tavisuflebis dasacavad mTel dedamiwaze. igi iRwvis raTa msoflioSi SesaZlebeli gaxdes Tanacxovrebis axali kulturis damkvidreba, romelic xalxTa Zmobis da Tanasworobis princi pebze iqneba dafuZnebuli. misi mizania adamianTa Soris nayofieri TanamSromlobis, urTierTgagebis da ndobis atmosferos gaRrmaveba, sityvis, sindisis da pirovnuli Tavisuflebis damkvidreba. amis naTeli magaliTia balkaneTsa da eraySi mimdinare movlenebi, aRmosavleT evropis qveynebSi demokratiuli institutebis ganviTarebisaTvis qmediTi mxardaWera. axladSeqmnili jer kidev susti saxelmwifoebis politikuri Tanadgoma, am qveynebis Tavdacvis institutebis mxardaWera_natos farglebSi sawvrTneli programebis ganxorcieleba... problemis interesTa erTianobis safuZvelze, urTierTkompromisebiT gadawyvetis strategia. movlenebis miseuli xedva da humanizmi am qveynebs aZlevs ganmsazRvrel impulss- Rirseulad Sevidnen msoflio TanamegobrobaSi da mtkiced daimkvidron kuTvnili adgili. roca axlad Camoyalibebul saxelmwifoTa damoukidebloba mtkicdeba, keTildReoba matulobs da reformebi ekonomokisa Tu demokratiis mSeneblobis dargSi swrafad viTardeba, planetaze izrdeba mSvidobisa da stabilurobis garantia. es ukve seriozuli istoriokratiis pirobebSic ki monaa. Semwynarebloba, Tanadgoma, TanagrZnoba, gansxvavebuli religiis pativiscema da mSvidobiani Tanacxovreba kulturuli sazogadoebis prerogativaa. aSS_is sazogadoebisaTvis es ukve warmatebuli ganviTarebis aprobirebuli gzaa. muslimani, budisti, aTeisti, qristiani, iudeveli da sxva religiis warmomadgenelTa mSvidobiani Tanacxovreba aq aRaravis aocebs. es ukve amerikuli yofis normaa. adamianuri urTierTobebis kulturis am modelis sayovelTao danergva msoflios mSvidobiani Tanaarsebobis garantia. amerikis sazogadoeba kulturaTa dialogiT solidarobisaken mouwodebs msoflios Seurigeblobis da agresiis winaaRmdeg. esec erT-erTi mniSvnelovani svlaa kacobriobis keTildReobisaTvis. politikaSi j. buSma moitana eTikurobis aura. man SeZlo erTmaneTisTvis SeeTvisebina zneoba, saxelmwifoebrivi da politikuri moRvaweoba. es rCeulTa xvedria. zneobriobis da saxelmwifoebrivi sibrZnis gamoxatulebaa mis mier gamocemuli kanoni abortis akrZalvis Sesaxeb. es WeSmaritad sicocxlis RvTaebrivi Wvretaa. mesame _ amerika msoflio mniSvnelobis strategiuli funqciis qveyana an amerika axali msoflios demiurgi (gadawyviteT am oridan erT-erTi). yovel ers didsa Tu mcires aqvs Tavisi ganumeorebeli saxe da unikaluri movaleoba. roca eri Tavis istoriul misias axorcielebs mas didi wvlili Seaqvs sakacobrio kulturis da yofis ganviTarebaSi. j.buSis saSinao da sagareo politikis strategiuli xazi mimarTulia amerikeli xalxis am didi misiis aRsrulebisaken. erTi mxriv, sakacobrio idealebisaken eris warmarTvisaTvis da, meore mxriv, sakacobrio idealebiT eris msaxurebisaTvis. amerikis dRevandeli prezidenti Tavis qveyanas aniWebs gansakuTrebul saerTaSoriso strategiul funqcias. misi meTaurobiT amerika gaxda msoflios sruluflebiani da Rirseuli lideri. buSi aris msoflio politikis erTerTi umniSvnelovanesi figura, rom-

V F V E K B

jorj buSi saxelmwifo departamentSi Tavis yvelaze erTgul mrCevelsa da megobars gzavnis. kondoliza raisi amerikis istoriaSi saxelmwifo mdivnis Tanamdebobaze pirveli afro-amerikeli qali iqneba. aRiarebuli mecnieri, mocigurave da pianisti aSS-s departamentebis xelmZRvanelebze TeTri saxlis gavlenis gasazrdelad miavlines. buSis administraciaSi cvlilebebi grZeldeba. SegaxsenebT, ukve Tanamdebobebi datoves jon eSkrofTma (generaluri prokurori) da donald evansma (vaWrobis mdivani), xolo mimdinare kviraSi gadadgomebis seria kolin pauelma (saxelmwifo mdivani), rod peijma (ganaTlebis mdivani), spens ebrehemma (energetikis mdivani) da en vanemanma (soflis meurneobis mdivani) ganagrZes. jerjerobiT, Tanamdebobas inarCunebs Tavdacvis mdivani da udavod, erT-erTi yvelaze gavleniani politikosi vaSingtonSi donald ramsfeldi. Tumca, savaraudod, misi gadadgomis Sesaxebac male gaxdeba cnobili. bunebrivia, zemoT CamoTvlili Tanamdebobebidan yvelaze mniSvnelovani saxelmwifo mdivnis postia da Sesabamisad, kolin pauelis Semcvleladac jorj buSs yvelaze warmosaCeni kandidati unda warmoedgina. da ai, aSS-s prezidentma msoflio hegemonis pirveli di plomatis Tanamdebobaze Tavisi mrCeveli erovnuli usafrTxoebis sakiTxebSi, kondoliza raisi daasaxela. ras uqadis danarCen msoflios kondoliza raisis saxelmwo mdivnad daniSvna? 2 noembramdec naTeli iyo, rom arCevnebis Semdeg, nebismieri kandidatis gamarjvebis SemTxvevaSi, vaSingtonSi cvlilebebi gardauvali iyo. dRes, eqspertTa umetesoba aRniSnavs, rom aSS-s sagareo politikaSi radikalur cvlilebebs ar unda velodeT - naTelia, rom qveynis pirvel di plomatad wardgenili kondi aqamdec mniSvnelovanwilad gansazRvravda mTel rig sakiTxebs. Tumca, analitikosebi, metadre rusebi, varaudoben, rom mokle xanSi kremlTan TeTri saxlis damokidebuleba Seicvleba. "pauelisgan gansxvavebiT, raisi rusul politikaSi Rrmadaa Caxeduli, - ambobs fond "heritejis" moskovis ofisis xelmZRvaneli evgeni volki, - mas ar aqvs iluziuebi aq mimdinare procesebis Sesaxeb, aqedan gamomdinare

9

kidev erTi wigni yavasTan gadasaTvaliereblad

"niusuiqi", "roitersi", "esoSieitid presi", "vogi", "los anjeles taimsi" - es mxolod mcire CamonaTvalia im gamocemebis, romlebic bolo dReebSi tom fordze weren, "guCisa" da "iv sen loranis" mTavar SemoqmedebiT muxtze. misi modis saxlidan pompezurad wasvlis Semdeg, didi dro gavida, magram tom fordi iseTi donis varskvlavia, rom misi daviwyeba arc presas da arc modaze gagiJebul publikas iolad ar SeuZlia. Tumca, fordis amjerad gaxsenebis mizezi mainc ubralo monatrebaze metia. dizainerma gamosca wigni, didi, fotoebiani da mogonebebiT savse. krebuli garedan sul Savia da siRrmisa da idumalebis gansakuTrebul gancdas qmnis. am Sav fonze didi da sworkuTxa asoebiT dawerili saxeli da gvari - tom fordic STambeWdavad ikiTxeba. wigns, marTlac, ase ubralod hqvia "tom fordi", magram Tavad avtorisTvis Zalian Zvirfasi ramea. moRvaweobis 10 weli, am xnis ganmavlobaSi Seqmnili aTasobiT modeli, uamravi emocia, urTierToba, warmateba, imedgacrueba da mere isev triumfi. fords am Zvirfasi mogonebebis Sekvrasa da furcelze gadatanaSi Jurnal "veniTi fearis" redaqtori greidon karteri daexmara, winasityvaoba amerikuli "vogis" redaqtorma ana vinturma dauwera, fotoebis SerCeva da dizaini ki TviTon fordma aiRo sakuTar Tavze. "amazon.qomi" am axal gamocemas fordis srulyofil katalogs uwodebs, romelic "guCisa" da "iv sen loranSi" gatarebul wlebs moicavs. es aris ara mxolod fordis mier Seqmnili tansacmlis, aqsesuarebisa da saojaxo nivTebis qronika, aramed is warmodgenas gviqmnis fordis xedvaze zogadad dizainis sferoSi. mkiTxveli Seityobs, Tu ras fiqrobs is arqiteqturis, maRaziis dekoraciisa da reklamis Sesaxebac. rac Seexeba fotoebs, wignis gadaTvaliereba mxolod maT gamo mainc Rirs. fordis mier arCeuli 200-mde foto riCard avedonis, mario testinos, stiven meizelis, helmut niutonis, herb ricisa Tu teri riCardsonis namuSevrebsac Seicavs. suraTebidan ki msoflio Tanavarskvlavedis yvelaze kaSkaSa saxeebi icqirebian - madona, jenifer lopesi, keit mosi, naomi kempbeli da sxvebi. aqvea fordis vilebis fotoebic santa fesa da los anjelesSi, aseve, paparacebis gadaRebuli kadrebi, sareklamo eskizebi. ilustraciebis didi nawili pirvelad qveyndeba. wignis dalasSi gamarTul prezentaciaze gadamdgarma dizainerma aRniSna: "am krebulis gakeTeba "guCiSi" yofnis drosac mindoda. iq moRvaweobis ukve aTi weli xdeboda da mindoda, yvelaferi dokumentad meqcia. SarSan oqtomberSi ki, roca mivxvdi, rom "guCidan" male unda wamovsuliyavi, ufro avCqardi. dro mogonebebsa da warsuls davuTme. mominda, mTeli es aTi weli, romelic CemTvis Zalian bevrs niSnavda, lamaz wignad Semekra, misTvis Cemi biografiis erTi Tavi damerqmia da mere ufro iolad gamegrZelebina cxovreba". maS ase, warsul aT weliwadze bevri fiqris Semdeg, fordis mogonebebi lamazad ilustrirebul wignad ukve gamovida da axla dizainers isRa darCenia, axali cxovreba marTla daiwyos. miT ufro, rom mas mSvenivrad aqvs gansazRvruli Tavisi biografiis yvelaze dabali da maRali wertilebi. "niusuiqTan" saubarSi fordi ambobs: "Cemi karieris umaRlesi wertili "guCidan" wamosvla iyo. Zalian vamayob bolo ori CvenebiT. yvelanairad vecade, Zal-Rone momekriba da koleqcia kargad Semekra. mgoni, gamomivida". fordis biografiis wignSi ki axali Tavi ifurcleba - Tavi ¹ holivudi. Canafiqri, marTlac, aseTia, am axal, post-"guCiseul" realobaSi mas amerikuli kino da mravalferovani proeqtebi unda daexmaros. dasaxmareblad ki saqme namdvilad aqvs, radgan jer axal cxovrebasTan adaptaciis periodia gasavleli. los anjelesis ofisidan xom realoba misTvis Zalian ucxod moCans da amitom "roiteris" korespondentsac gulwrfelad eubneba, rom cxovrebis Senelebuli tempi modis saxlebis giJuri cxovrebis Semdeg, cota examuSeba. verc xelqveiTTa sekvestrirebul armias egueba - "guCiSi" is aTi aTasamde adamians zedamxedvelobda, axla ki xuTi momsaxure personali hyavs. Sesabamisad, axla fords modaze saubris nacvlad, kino-proeqtebis ganxilva siamovnebs. mTeli zafxulis ganmavlobaSi man asze meti scenari waikiTxa, magram arc erTi moewona. axla is or scenarze muSaobs. erTs TviTon wers, meores ki cnobili avtoris romanidan akeTebs, Tumca, jerjerobiT, wignisa da mwerlis vinaobas malavs da imedi aqvs, rom am oridan romelimes gadaRebas mainc SeZlebs. "Cemi kino minda raRac, faseulobis Semcveli iyos. minda, mayurebels gavaxseno daviwyebuli cxovrebiseuli esTetikis Sesaxeb. Cemma filmma mayurebeli unda Caafiqros, gamoiwvios... dasasruli? dasasruli jer ar vici, vnaxoT". jer arc Tavad tom fordis karieris dasasrulis Sesaxebaa rame cnobili. Tumca, gagrZeleba viciT. kino da wignebi. yofili dizaineri xan niu iorkSia da wignis avtografebs avrcelebs da xan - dalasSi. is im donis varskvlavia, rogorc arasdros yofila. ukve aeroportebis sabaJoebzec cnoben, wignis niu iorkul prezentaciaze ki erTma fanma avtografisTvis mkerdic gadauReRa. axla fordi Tavisi krebulis reklamirebisTvis londonSi miemgzavreba. mere ki cota xniT daikargeba da Tavis partniorTan Vogue Hommes-s redaqtorTan riCard baqlisTan erTad Sin Cajdeba. mere ki daiwyeba kino, jerjerobiT, The End-is gareSe.

amerikul diplomatiaSi

`kondis~ xana iwyeba

aSS-s damokidebuleba gamkacrdeba." marTlac, kondoliza raisma mSvenivrad icis kremlis TamaSis wesebi. swored misi monawileobiT gaxda SesaZlebeli rusul mxaresTan raketsawinaaRmdego Tavdacvis sferoSi SeTanxmebis miRweva (SegaxsenebT, Tavdapirvelad ruseTi Zalian gaRizianebuli iyo aSS-s mier axali sistemis Seqmnis dawyebiT). kidev erTi mosazreba, rac kondoliza raisis nominirebamac daadastura: jorj buSis wina kabinets pirobiTad yofdnen "qorebad" da "mtredebad". "qorebSi" ZiriTadad pentagonis xelmZRvanelobasa da masTan kavSiris mqone politikosebs (pirvel rigSi dik Ceinis) gulisxmobdnen, xolo "mtredebSi" saxelmwifo mdivansa da misi uwyebis pirvel pirebs riCard armitijis CaTvliT. kolin pauelis gadadgomam da masTan erTad armitijis wasvlam Tanamdebobidan politmimomxilvelebs eWvi gauCina, rom "mtredebi" damarcxdnen. marTalia, donald ramsfeldic, savaraudod, didxans pentagonSi ar darCeba, magram es ar gulisxmobs, rom mas vinme, ufro rbili politikis momxre Secvlis. yvelaze xSirad ki dRes amerikeli politilogebi aSS-s politikis erT, mTlian monoliTad gadaqcevaze saubroben, sadac met-naklebad gansxvavebuli azri aRar iqneba. prezidentma erTgvari sistema SeimuSava - meore vadiT arCevasTan erTad buSma erTguli xalxi TeTri saxlidan departamentebSi gadaisrola. iuridiuli mrCeveli alberto gonsalesi generaluri prokurori gaxdeba; saSinao politikis mrCeveli margaret spelingsi - ganaTlebis mdivani; tom rijs, romelsac qveynis Sida usafrToxebis departamenti ebara, savaraudod, TeTr saxlSi amave sferos koordinatori fens taunseni Secvlis. demokratebi ki ukve erTgvari saxelisuflebo piramidis Camoyalibebaze saubroben, sadac sxva xma aRar ismis, garda mis mwvervalze myofisa. mokle biografiuli cnobebi: kondoliza raisi daibada 1954w. birminghemSi, alabamas Stati. am periodSi alabama, SeiZleba iTqvas, yvelaze rasistuli Stati iyo. erT interviuSi qalbatoni raisi ambobs, rom am garemoSi raime warmatebis misaRwevad Savkanian gogonas sxvebze orjer metis swavla uxdeboda. warmatebebs ki marTlac STambeWdavs miaRwia: 15 wlis asakSi daamTavra skola, 19 wlis - ukve bakalavris xarisxs flobs politikur mecnierebebSi, 21 wlisa magistria. 1981 wels iRebs denveris univeristetis saerTaSoriso urTierTobaTa umaRlesi skolis filosofiis doqtoris xarisxs. kondi, rogorc mas xSirad eZaxian, am periodidan srulfasovan mecnierul saqmianobas eweva. aSS-Si da msoflioSi erTerT saukeTeso sovetologad miCneuli raisi wamyvan universitetebSi kiTxulobs leqciebs da amavdroulad aSS-s erovnuli usafrTxoebis sabWosac awvdis kvalificiur rCevebs. sxvaTa Soris mecnieruli moRvaweobis periodSic bevr rameSi iyo "pirveli"- mag., kondoliza raisi aSSs istoriaSi yvelaze axalgazrda da amavdroulad, pirveli Savkaniani reqtori iyo stenfordis universitetSi (stenfordis universiteti msoflioSi erTerTi yvelaze prestiJuli umaRlesi saswavlebelia 1,5 mlrd aSS dolaris biujetiT). amis Semdeg ki, TeTr saxlSi misi politikuri kariera iwyeba - kerZod, erovnuli usafrTxoebis sabWoSi. misi biografiis erTi epizodi navTobgigant "Sevronsac" ukavSirdeba. igi korporaciis direqtorTa sabWoSi Sedioda (unda iTqvas, rom buSis administraciis wevrTa umravlesoba navTobbiznesTan garkveul kavSirSia. igive vice-prezidenti dik Ceini da Tavdacvis ministri donald ramsfeldi seriozulad arian dakavSirebuli navTobkorporaciebTan.)

nika TaraSvili

10

kavuto, nil kavuto wamyvani: mxolod warmoidgineT: CeCeni meamboxeni, uTanxmoebani ruseTTan, seriozuli problemebi separatizmTan sakuTari qveynis erTerT regionSi. Cemi Semdgomi stumari ara marto cdilobs terorTan omis warmoebas, aramed sxva problemebis mTel grovasac ebrZvis da erTdroulad axorcielebs yvelaze ufro masStabur reformebs, romelTa msgavsic odesme moswrebia mis samSoblos. Cven SemogvierTdeba saqarTvelos respublikis prezidenti mixeil saakaSvili. batono prezidento, moxaruli varT Tqveni naxvisa. mixeil saakaSvili, saqarTvelos prezidenti: me ki siamovnebiT vmonawileob Tqvens gadacemaSi. n. kavuto: miTxariT erTi, ramdeni wlisa brZandebiT 38? m.saakaSvili:ocdaTeqvsmetis. n. kavuto: erihaa! uyureT erTi! rogorc Cans, droa, isev skolaSi daviwyo siaruli. kargiT, kargiT. ra ambebia saqarTveloSi. m. saakaSvili: rac sensaciuri iyo, Tqven ukve yvelaferi TqviT, magram imas davamateb, rom es Zalian lamazi, sasiamovno qveyanaa Tavisi Sromismoyvare xalxiT, warsulSi mravali Znelbedoba unaxavs da gadautania, magram amJamad warmatebiT axorcielebs reformebs. garda amisa, am qveyanas friad mniSvnelovani strategiuli mdgomareoba uWiravs. da am qveyanaSi bolo xans, ufro sworad, ramdenime TveSi, Cveni revoluciis Semdeg, roca Cvenma xalxma arsebiTad daamxo arCevnebis Sedegebis "momparavi" mTavroba SesaZlebeli gaxda gadasaxadebis akrefis moculobis gasammageba, SesaZlebeli gaxda korufciis problemisTvis Tavis garTmeva, SesaZlebeli gaxda kidev... n. kavuto: modiT, korufciis problemaze vilaparakoT, vinaidan yvela rodia darwmunebuli, rom Tqven marTla moaxerxeT misi SeCereba. m. saakaSvili: iciT ra, saxelmwifo mosamsaxureebs CvenSi xelfass, ubralod, ar uxdidnen. n. kavuto: ehee. m. saakaSvili: da isini arsebiTad borotad iyenebdnen TavianT uflebamosilebas. Cvenc avdeqiT da, magaliTad, mogaxsenebT, policiis Semadgenlobis TiTqmis naxevari daviTxoveT. metsac getyviT. adre Cven iseTi policielebic gvyavdnen, romelTac saerTod arc icodnen, xelfasi ra iyo, romelTac araviTari aRWurviloba ara hqondaT, da romlebic faqtobrivad iZulebulni iyvnen, rom qrTami aeRoT da ufrosobisTvis gaeyoT gamoZaluli fuli. axla Cvens policias dasavleTuri avtomobilebi aqvs, forma amerikuli nimuSisa acvia, yvela uzrunvelyofilia raciiT, maRali xelfasiT. policielT xelfasi rvajerTormetjer gaezardaT da xalxic afasebs. n. kavuto: marTali brZandebiT, batono prezidento, magram bevrs axsovs Zveli droeba. mTel am oligopolias, romelsac is Zveli droeba moswonda, Tqven ar moswonxarT. m. saakaSvili:ki, egrea. bunebrivia, ar movwonvar im gavlenian adamianebs, vinc korufciaSi iyo

V F V E K B

mixeil saakaSvili

ruseTi Cveni arakeTili mezobelia

interviu saqarTvelos prezidentTan

2004 wlis 23 seqtemberi gadacema: `Tqveni msoflio~ nil kavutosTan erTad

CarTuli da axla cixeSi vsvamT. magram mniSvnelovani is aris, rom Cven xalxi gviWers mxars, da es namdvilad pirveli eqsperimentia postsabWoTa sivrceSi. SeuZlia Tu ara demokratias realurad gamarjveba. SegviZlia Tu ara ufro Tavisufalni viyoT, vidre adre viyaviT. SeuZlia Tu ara xalxs realurad airCios Tavisi mTavroba, da kmayofili iyos am mTavrobiT. unda giTxraT, rom Cveni reitingi, mowonebis reitingi amJamad gacilebiT ufro maRalia, vidre maSin, roca me ianvarSi amirCies. n. kavuto: eWvgareSea, ser, rom Tqven marTla bevri adamianis Semokreba moaxerxeT. da qveynis demokratizaciis mxriv Tqveni Zalisxmeva namdvilad qebas imsaxurebs. magram Tqveni qveyana CeCneTs esazRvreba. iq situacia katastrofuli Cans. garda amisa, Tqven Tqveni "gamoyofili" respublika gaqvT samxreT oseTi. Cemi fiqriT, amitomac aris, rom Tu vinmes Tqvens qveyanaSi kapitalis Cadeba SeuZlia, TqvenSi Seqmnili mdgomareobis gaTvaliswinebiT, amas aRar izams, fulis Cadeba ara Rirso, ityvis. m. saakaSvili: eg namdvilad gasaTvaliswinebeli faqtoria. Cven arakeTili mezobeli gvyavs, ufro sworad, ubralo mezobeli ar eTqmis. es ambavi ki yovelTvis xels ar uwyobs mdgomareobis gaumjobesebas. n. kavuto: Tqven CeCneTi gyavT mxedvelobaSi. m. saakaSvili: me mTlianad ruseTi myavs mxedvelobaSi. n. kavuto: mTlianad ruseTi. m. saakaSvili: da mainc, Cven amavdroulad isic vaCveneT, rom SegviZlia qveynis Secvla, masSi wesrigis damyareba. CvenTan dabegvris yvelaze dabali nixrebia regionSi, maT Soris, erTiani saSemosavlo gadasaxadi sul 12 procenti. mkveTrad SevamcireT gadasaxadis calkeuli saxeobebi. zogierTi gadasaxadi ocdaerTidan Svid procentamde Semcirda. da yvelaferi es, iciT, Cvens udides Sinagan energias erwymis. garda amisa, Cven vTanamSromlobT amerikasTan teroris winaaRmdeg omSi. rodesac vambobT, rom arasasiamovno mezobloba gvaqvs, es marTlac asea da swored amitom gvexmareba aSS SeiaraRebuli Zalebis ganviTarebaSi. n. kavuto: da swored aq iwyeba gaugebari situacia. Cven vladimer putinsac vexmarebodiT CeCneTis problemis gadaWraSi da maT (CeCen moTareSeebs) teroristebisa da alqaidas rangSi vayenebT. da aq, batono prezidento, miCndeba kiTxva xom ar wamlavs es problema situacias mTels regionSi. Zalian bevri laparakobs, rom mTeli es regioni "cudia", rom Tqven yvelafer amis SuagulSi aRmoCndiT. m. saakaSvili: Cven marTlac aseTi mezobloba gvaqvs, Zalian rTuli regionia, magram, iciT... n. kavuto: SeiZleba, ser, gkiTxoT. m.saakaSvili: ra Tqma unda. n. kavuto: Tqveni azriT, CeCnebi meamboxeebi arian Tu teroristebi. m. saakaSvili: iq mebrZolTagan bevri teroristia. da ar mgonia, rom teroristebTan realurad SeiZleba molaparakebis warmoeba. magram, cxadia, unda vimuSaoT politikur elementebTan CeCneTSi, da es Zalian mniSvnelovania. magram sityva "terori" mxolod CeCneTs Tu saqarTvelos rodi exeba, es sayovelTao movlenaa. n. kavuto: ser, rodesac SeityveT beslanSi momxdaris Sesaxeb, CeCneTis Tavisuflebis saxeliT daxocil bavSvebze, anu me minda vTqva, rom... m. saakaSvili: Cven Tavzardacemuli viyaviT, radgan ukanonoba ruseTSi seriozulad vnebs saqarTvelos. saqarTveloSi momxdari nebismieri ukanonoba ki azaralebs ruseTis mezobel regionebs. amitomac yovelnairad vcdilobdiT am problemis gadaWras. pasuxismgeblurad vmoqmedebdiT. anu Cveni jarebi imyofebian ara mxolod Cvens teritoriaze, aramed eraySic, avRaneTSic, kosovoSic. ai, sul axlaxan movismine, rom aravis SeuTavazebia Tavisi jarebi eraySi gaeros kontingentSi CasarTavad. ase ar aris saqarTvelom SesTavaza. da mtkiced gvwams, rom terorizms unda vebrZoloT. n. kavuto: anu Tqven eTanxmebiT prezidents, oms teroris winaaRmdeg, romelsac Cveni prezidenti awarmoebs. m. saakaSvili: mTlianad veTanxmebi, rom terorizmTan sabolood unda davamTavroT saqme. veTanxmebi, rom aucilebelia demokratiis ganmtkiceba. rac Segvexeba Cven, vTvli, rom saqarTvelo patara demokratiuli qveyanaa, romelic warmatebiT viTardeba da romelmac mravali problemis gadaWra SeZlo. magram Cven ver SevZlebT gadavrCeT martoxela, Tu ar viqeniT sakmaod warmatebiT, mtkiced da gadamWrelad moqmedi didi koaliciis monawile, romelic iTvaliswinebs erTs: yvela, maT Soris didi saxelmwifoebi, iseTebi, rogoric arian ruseTi da aSS, pasuxismgeblurad moqmedeben da realurad agvareben problemebs. n. kavuto: gmadlobT, batono prezidento, rom SemogvierTdiT. m. saakaSvili: gmadlobT.

yf[dfvlbc f k f !

am dReebSi volgogradSi gamarTul koncertze ala pugaCovam Tayvanismcemlebs ganucxada, rom misi gadawyvetileba scenidan wasvlis Sesaxeb sabolooa da ganxilvas aRar saWiroebs. pugaCovas araerTxel gaukeTebia msgavsi gancxadeba, magram, rogorc Cans, primadona ukve namdvilad aRar xumrobs. axla igi arcTu mTlad karg formaSia. rogorc Cans, scenaze yofnis mravalma welma, daRlilobam da gamudmebulma yuradRebam Tavisi qna. pugaCovam Tavis Tayvanismcemlebs scenidan wasvlis Sesaxeb amcno. uares SemTxvevaSi, es SeiZleba imas niSnavdes, rom musikis moyvaruli sazogadoeba veRar naxavs, verc axal Canawerebs, verc primadonas koncertebs da verc mis gamosvlebs gadacemaSi "fabrika zviozd". bolo wuTamde aravis ufiqria, rom am koncertze ala pugaCovas ukanasknelad gamoacxadebdnen. momRerali namdvilad ar iyo formaSi. oficialuri versiiT, igi moskovi-volgogradis gzaze gacivda da iZulebuli gaxda, scenaze sicxiani gamosuliyo. koncertze ar brwyinavda, Tumca, bolomde daixarja, imdenad, rom, TviTmxilvelTa TqmiT, scenidan xelkaviT gaiyvanes. koncertis Semdeg, rodesac "gadamdgar" pugaCovas Tayvanismcemlebma volgogradSi misi momavali vizitis Sesaxeb hkiTxes, momRerali gacxarda: "me TqvenTvis ar miTqvams "naxvamdis", me giTxariT "mSvidobiT". es Cemi gamosamSvidobebeli turia!" arsebobs mosazreba, rom momRerals Tavi moabezres misma fanebma, cxovrebis rTulma gzam, an sulac uiRblo gamosvlam. informacia pugaCovas wasvlis Sesaxeb momRerlis pressamsaxurmac daadastura, varskvlavis samomavlo gegmebis Sesaxeb ki kategoriulad ar saubroben. Tumca, aravisTvis saidumlo ar aris, rom 55 wlis prima, romelsac jerjerobiT veravin Seaviwroebs, arc fizikurad da arc vokalis mxriv formaSi aRar aris. igi sul ufro xSirad daRlili gamoiyureba. kantikuntad gamarTul preskonferenciebze momRerali ramdenjerme moyva kidec im daavadebis Sesaxeb, romeliTac is itanjeba. magram medals ori mxare aqvs. pugaCovas gadawyvetilebas SeiZleboda Tayvanismcemlebisa da presis mxridan misTvis arasasurveli Sefaseba mohyoloda. magaliTad,

moskovSi gamarTul erT-erT preskonfernciaze Jurnalistma momRerals sruliad usafuZvlod ganucxada, rom igi usiamovnod gamoiyureboda, Tumca, am uxeSi mimarTvis gamo meuRlem, iqve mjdomma kirkorovmac ki ar daicva. wina kviras satelevizio programaSi "anSlagi" ala borisovnas dacinviT "papsas dedofali" uwodes, daufaravad saubrobdnen mis gemovnebasa da Cacmis maneraze. rogorc Cans, ala pugaCovas ar surs, uzrdelobas uzrdelobiTve upasuxos. maqsimumi, rac am TvalsazrisiT momReralma ukanasknel wlebSi gaakeTa, imRera "qveyanav, me SenTvis erTi var", yvelas sTxova, ar Careuliyvenen mis pirad cxovrebaSi da "ar gaenawyenebinaT igi", rogorc meore simReraSi mReris. gasagebia, rom kirkorovis skandali JurnalistebTan da estradidan misi wasvla aseve metyvelebda mis gadawyvetilebaze, "yvelaferi mietovebina". arc isaa gamoricxuli, rom scenis datoveba maT erTdroulad gadawyvites. Tumca, sinamdvileSi arc erTisa da arc meorisa jer aravis sjera. fili pi ukve ambobs, rom mas arasworad gauges, rom igi orwlian pauzas akeTebs. albaT, aravis gaukvirdeba, Tu mas erT TveSi, axali wlisTvis, kvlav teleekranebze vixilavT. popularuli msaxiobebis sagastrolo grafiki xom sami, an, sul cota, erTi wliT adre dgeba. ase rom, micemuli pirobis Sesrulebas fili p kirkorovsac mosTxoven. "scenidan wasvla" estradaze iSviaToba ar aris. arc ise didi xnis winaT ioseb kobzonmac gaakeTa msgavsi gancxadeba. Tumca, Semdeg daamata, rom aravin iqneba winaaRmdegi, Tu qveynis sayvareli msaxiobi scenaze dabrundeba. axla moskovis arc erTi dResaswauli (Tundac erTdroulad ramdenime) kobzonis gareSe ar imarTeba.

V F V E K B

- CigogiZe! - var, maswavlebelo! - kalandaZe! - ager var, maswavlebelo! - sixaruliZe! - avad gaxda, maswavlebelo, da Wyoniam, centeraZem, burWulaZem, qoriZem, niniZem da Rlontma gaaciles saxlSi. - mTeli klasi ver gayeviT? - ikiTxa gulCvilma maswavlebelma. - xelis mosakidebeli adgili aRar darCa, Torem mivyvebodiT... yvelas kargad gvaxsovs cnobili epizodi "me, bebia, iliko da ilarionidan". ase iwyeba Tavi, romelsac "pirveli siyvaruli" hqvia da romelic nodar dumbaZis iaponeli mTargmnelis - iasuhiro kojimas sayvareli pasaJia am nawarmoebidan. iasuhiro kojimam mSvenivrad auRo alRo qarTul (gurul) iumors, Tumca nodar dumbaZis SemoqmedebiT mxolod iumoris gamo ar dainteresebula: "mweralTan ostaturadaa erTmaneTSi Sezavebuli iumori da sevda. amis gamo momwons da vafaseb am moTxrobebs". ise, Tavidan qarTvelma megobrebma "me, bebia, iliko da ilarioni" swored iumoris TvalsazrisiT SeurCies - Zalian, Zalian sasaciloa da waikiTxeo. iasuhiro kojima - iaponeli enaTmecnieri. daibada 1976 wels dasavleT iaponiaSi. misi mSoblebi axlac iq cxovroben. mere tokios universitetSi Sevida da sacxovreblad dedaqalaqSi gadavida. amJamad tokios universitetis aspirantia. swavlobs zogad enaTmecnierebas. Tavidan slavuri enebis SeswavliT iyo dainteresebuli - rusuls eufleboda. mogvianebiT ki kavkasiuri enebiT dainteresda. qarTuli enis Seswavlasac mihyo xeli. jer inglisur enaze daweril qarTuli gramatikis saxelmZRvanelos gaecno. mere iaponiaSi qarTvelebsac miakvlia. mWedliZeebis ojaxi ukve meSvide welia iaponiaSi cxovrobda - ojaxis ufrosi fizikosi iyo da erTerTi iaponuri firmis laboratoriaSi muSaobda. iasuhiro kojima xSirad stumrobda mWedliZeebis ojaxs, ucxo enis samyaros eCveoda, bolos saqarTveloSic Camovida. es iyo 1998 wels. Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetSi qarTvelologiis sazafxulo skolis muSaobaSi monawileobda. 20002002 wlebSi TbilisSi aspiranturaSi swavlobda. wels ukve meoTxed ewvia Cvens qveyanas. "Tavdapirvelad qarTulis swavla Zalian gamiWirda. jer erTi, CemTvis artikulaciurad da akustikuradac Zalian ucxo bgerebia, gramatikac sakmaod rTulia da CaxlarTuli. magram ukve didi xania vswavlob, meuRlec qarTveli myavs da..." am "rTul da CaxlarTul" gramatikas kojima sakmaod interesiT ikvlevs. 2001-2003 wlebSi daibeWda kojimas ramdenime werili qarTulisa da megrulis Sesaxeb: "Serwymuli winadadeba da brunvis niSnebi megrulSi", "TandebulTa sintaqsuri funqcia qarTulSi", "TurmeobiTisa da kilos kategoria Tanamedrove qarTulSi" da sxv. (JurnalSi "enaTmecnierebis sakiTxebi") iasuhiro kojima ambobs, rom Targmna misTvis ubralo hobia (Tumca es naTqvami mis pasuxismgeblobaze ufro metyvelebs). "me, bebia, iliko da ilarioni" misi meore Targmania. pirvelad iaponu-

11

zurikela iaponelebmac gaicnes

dedas vuyvarvarT Svilebi, deda ar gvaxsovs Svilebsa, amitom wuTisofeli sul mudam gvacodvilebsa.

vt fh vf[cjd[fh= ltlf!

dagvianebuli sanTeli

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ridan qarTulad Targmna siga naoas "kinosakiSi". es Targmani gazeT "literaturul saqarTveloSi" daibeWda. "me, bebia, iliko da ilarions" ramdenime wlis win SeeWida: "mogewoneba, sasaciloa da advili wasakiTxio, miTxres; CamiTria. "me, bebia, iliko da ilarioni" ise Semiyvarda, rom gadavwyvite iaponurad meTargmna. mTeli gatacebiT vTargmnidi, araferi aRar maxsovda". nodar dumbaZis samyaro sruliad gansxvavebulia. aq sikeTe da sinaTle CaxCaxebs, aq sikvdilic sicocxliT aris ganaTebuli. gavixsenoT moTxrobis finali: bebia kvdeba, bnel oTaxSi Semodis meri: "vigrZeni, rom es meri iyo, radgan mas bnel oTaxSi uzomo sinaTle Semohyva, mere me mainc avdeqi da Semovtrialdi, raTa damenaxa es sinaTle da am sinaTleze Cemi iliko, Cemi ilarioni da Cemi bebia..." Targmanze kojima sam wels muSaobda: "Targmna rom daviwye, qarTuli jer kidev srulyofilad ar vicodi. xSirad davdiodi mWedliZeebis ojaxSi, ganuwyvetliv vekiTxebodi - es ras niSnavs, is ras niSnavs-meTqi. dasawyisSi vwvalobdi, TiToeuli nawyvetis Targmnas uamrav dros vandomebdi, mere TandaTan enac gavitexe..." wleuls maisSi iaponiaSi iasuhiro kojimas Targmani gamovida nodar dumbaZis "me, bebia, iliko da ilarioni" iaponur enaze. es qarTuli literaturis pirveli Targmania iaponur enaze, romelic uSualod dednidan iTargmna. aqamde arsebuli iaponuri Targmanebi - "vefxistyaosani", nodar dumbaZis "me vxedav mzes" da "nu geSinia, deda" rusulidan iyo Sesrulebuli. "iaponelebis didi nawili saqarTvelos TiTqmis ar icnobs. me mgoni, am wignis gamosvla mniSvnelovani movlena iyo. araerTi mkiTxveli dainteresda ucnobi qveynis - saqarTvelos cxovrebiT. erTerT gazeTSi recenziac ki daibeWda, misi avtori rusuli literaturis specialisti gaxldaT. mokled, kargad miiRes. mkiTxvelTa erTma nawilma Tavisi STabeWdilebebic ki gamiziara. zogi iumorze amaxvilebda yuradRebas, zogi - adamianur urTierTobebze, siyvarulze (erTi Cemi nacnobi gaocebuli imasac mekiTxeboda, es ramdeni cxoveli hyoliaT qarTul soflebSi: Txa, Zroxa, cxvari, marTla aseao?). uTqvamT kidec CemTvis - rogori mWidro da Tbili urTierTobebia am adamianebs Soriso. marTlac, zurikelas, ilikos, ilarionisa da bebias urTierTobebi gansacvifrebeli da uCveuloa iaponelTaTvis. albaT, adre iaponiaSic ase iyo, magram axla adamianebi ufro daSorebulni, gaucxoebulni arian. is, rac Zvelad iyo, maincdamainc aRaraa SenarCunebuli. me vfiqrob, am TvalsazrisiT, "me, bebia, iliko da ilarionma" didi STabeWdileba datova iaponel mkiTxvelze." mTargmnelis azric aseTia. am nawarmoebSi yvelaze Rirebuli swored es adamianuri urTierTobebia, rac yvelaze naRdi da yvelaze Zvirfasia am cxovrebaSi da, samwuxarod, dResdReobiT iSviaTobadaa qceuli. amitomac, rogorc iasuhiro kojima gveubneba, marTalia, qarTuli da iaponuri literaturuli samyaro erTmaneTisagan Zalian gansxvavdeba, es moTxroba iaponelma mkiTxvelma gulTan axlos miitana, swored am siTbosa da siyvarulis gamo. yvelaze didi dro da energia ki axalgazrda iaponelma mTargmnelma mainc iumoristuli dialogebisa da sityvaTa TamaSis gadmoTargmanebas moandoma. magaliTad, aseTis: - rasaa, rom izuTxav, Svilo? - zmnis pirianobas vswavlob, bebia. - zmnis pirianoba vis gaugia, biWo, piriani kaci vici me. - es sxva piria, bebia, Sen rom ggonia, is ar aris. - piri erTia, biWo, qveyanaze... aseT SemTxvevebs Targmanis TeoriaSi "uTargmnels" uwodeben. "uTargmneli" sityvebis TamaSi Tu aseTi sityvebiT agebuli xumrobebi da maT mier Seqmnili mxatvruli efeqti, mogexsenebaT, nodar dumbaZis SemoqmedebaSi mravladaa. samwuxarod, iaponuri ar vici da amitom verc imas getyviT, Tu rogor gaarTva am siZneles Tavi avtorma. iasuhiro kojimam Tavadac gagvimxila, - Zalian gamiWirda, magram raRacnairad mainc SevZelio. iqve siciliT dasZina - amis axsnas qarTulad ver movaxerxeb, Zalian rTuli gamovao. rogorc Cans, marTlac SeZlo: "Cemi amxanagi miyveboda, "me, bebia, iliko da ilarions" matarebelSi vkiTxulobdi da Tavs ver vikavebdi, siciliT vigudebodio". iaponeli mTargmnelis sayvareli personaJi zurikelaa. ratom? - am kiTxvaze mxrebs iCeCavs da pasuxis gacema uWirs - kargi adamiania da imitomo. gana ise bevria am qveynad kargi adamiani? isev takuboku (did poeziaSi yvelafris pasuxs i povi): "kargad icinis es Wabuki! RmerTo, ra kargad! igi rom mokvdes, am wuTisofels naRveli ufro moemateba." Cvenma zurikelam iaponur TargmanSi axali sicocxle daiwyo. Tamar suxiSvili

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12

merab kostavas, rogorc mamuliSvils da erovnul moRvawes, qarTveli xalxis winaSe wardgineba ar sWirdeba. mas icnoben agreTve, rogorc niWier musikaTmcodnes da Teatralur kritikoss, magram misi nacnob­megobrebis viwro wris kidegan ucnobia misi poezia, misi leqsis gzneba da madli. ar uyvarda merabs Tavisi leqsebis popularizacia. mitingebzec iSviaTad Tu waukiTxavs sakuTari leqsebi. ,,SimSiloba" waikiTxa erTxel noembris dReebSi, moSimSileTa gasamxneveblad da ,,Savi jojoxeTis kupri", gamoqveynebaze ki fiqric ar surda. Cven, Tanakbilani, siyrmidanve vmegobrobdiT. jer pirvel vaJTa saSualo skolaSi vswavlobdiT erT klasSi, Semdeg z. faliaSvilis saxelobis centralur musikalur saswavlebelSi. merabi Cinebuli pianisti iyo, mSvenivrad asrulebda grigs, beThovens da Suberts. beThovenis da vagneris gmiruli musika iyo imJamad Cveni stiqia. merabSi TiTqos ori suli ibrZoda. faustis msgavsad, musikis da poeziisa. bolos poeziis sulma imZlavra, merabi musikas SeeSva da poezias misca Tavi, Tumc misi leqsi ar gahyria musikas. musikis talRaTa mZlavri pulsireba sacnauria mis striqonebSi. amasTan eris wyluli wylulad gvaCnda da arc politikaSi viyaviT umoqmedoni. mamaCemi imTaviTve STagvagonebda orives erovnul ideebs, gvaTviTcnobierebda, Tvals gvixelda sinamdvileze. damoukidebeli saqarTvelos ocnebiT, rac brwyinvaled aisaxa merabis SesaniSnav esseSi konstantine gamsaxurdias Sesaxeb, imJamindeli Cveni ganwyobilebebi ki airekla leqsSi, romelic vuZRveni megobars 15 wlis asakSi: "Cven Zlier xSirad gvifiqria Zmao amaze, rodis aRsdgeba samSoblo Cveni, da dabrundeba kvlav silamaze Tavisuflebis da aRmafrenis. rodis dadgeba is dRe diadi ros borkils SevxsniT ers damcirebuls, da daubrmavebs Tvals ganTiadi, CrdileTis wiTel jalaTTa krebuls! da saqarTvelo didWirnaxuli gamofxizldeba yvela iogiT Cven RvTismSobeli gvwyalobs xaxulis da gvicavs marad TeTri giorgi" RvTis rwmena Tavidanve gvqonda, magram gansakuTrebiT intensiurad davadeqiT religiuri da Teologiuri Semecnebis gzas 60­ian wlebSi. saidumlo RvTismetyvelebam da mistikam gagvitaca. am periodSi merabis leqsebi mistiuri siRrmiT da religuri aRmafreniT gamoirCevian. swored im xanebSi miZRvna man aseTi leqsi: megobar zviads, ,,Seni samSoblo aris suleTi sxva sra­sasaxle, Zmao, nu ginda de, xalxis TvalSi darCi suleli, mamis winaSe iyavi wminda. dae, gfaravdes varskvlavT krebuli da miqaelis cecxlis maxvili, dae, Rirsad gvcnon, iqmna vnebuli, wminda zvarakis tkbili sasmeliT. ar miikaro mwikuli zadis Seni tania TviT eklesia, scan RaRadisi, gza ganimzade, dedamiwaze dadis messia!" imave periodSi miZRvna leqsi ,,paemani", sadac saocrad iwinaswarmetyvela is, rom igi Cemze adre dastovebda am wuTisofels da me, mis akldamasTan, TalxiT mosili, davelodebodi megobris aCrdils. aki amixda yovelive. me viyavi misi yoveli nawarmoebis pirveli mkiTxveli, iseve rogorc igi iyo Cemi pirveli mkiTxveli da Semfasebeli wlebis manZilze. bolos maiZula (am sityvis pirdapiri gagebiT), Cemi krebulis mitana ,,meranSi" 1973 wels, rac damTavrda mTavlitis mier am wignis akrZalviT da anawyobis ganadgurebiT. (xelisufleba Cveni dapatimrebisaTvis emzadeboda da ra dros leqsebi iyo). Tavisi leqsebi ki verafriT mivatanine verc Jurnal-gazeTebis redaqciebSi, verc gamomcemlobebSi. ,,biWo, Semigrove Seni leqsebi, Sen araferSi Segawuxeb, me gadavabeWdineb da wignsac me Segidgen, axla mainc sxva droa da gamoscemen-meTqi" ­ramdenjer vuTxari. ,,sad mcalia an SegrovebisaTvis"­niadag aseTi iyo misi pasuxi. axla vnanob, kidev meti daJinebiT rad ar movTxove. TvaliT enaxa, gaexara erTxel mainc Tavis cxovrebaSi. diax, gauxarebi iyo misi yofa, iseve rogorc yoveli Cvenganisa wlebis manZilze. bolo xanebSi erTaderTi ram gvaxarebda: azvirTebuli axalgazrdoba, erovnuli droSebis friali, laRi mitingebi da msvlelobebi, rac esoden Cagvimwarda 9 aprils! magram 26 maisi imave wlisa xom aRdgoma iyo namdvili... Tumc amaze sityvas aRar gavagrZeleb, vinaidan es calke Temaa. leqsi misi saqarTvelos goliaTi cixeebis duRabiT nagebs hgavs, ena ZarRviani, Zvel qarTuls naziarevi, poeturi neologizmebi Tamami, riTmaTa samyaro uCveulo, ritmi Zlieri da daZabuli, rogorc misi saxis kunTebi. o, am mrisxane gamoxedvis qveS

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ra Cvili guli imaleboda, ra TanagrZnoba moyvasisadmi, yoveli devnilisa da Cagrulisadmi! leqsis abjriT aris TiTqos SeWurvili, leqsis SubiT da laxvriT eomeba mters! naxeT misi ,,didgori", ,,Rirs mama daviTs", ,,dostoevski", ,,galaqtioni" (ra Zeglebi daudga Tavis sayvarel mefeebs, wmindanebs, poetebs)! rogorc vTqvi urTierTis pirveli mkiTxvelebi viyaviT. sukis cixeSi erTwlian patimrobis Semdeg Segvaxvedres gamomZieblis kabinetSi 1978 wlis martSi, dapirispirebis formaluri proceduris Casatareblad (vinaidan araferi gvqonda dasapirispirebeli, erTmaneTze araviTari Cvenebebi ar migvicia da arc sxvebze). Cveni ,,dapirispireba" gamoixata imaSi, rom ambis gamokiTxvis Semdeg erTmaneTs vukiTxavdiT sakanSi daweril leqsebs, ase rom ,,dapirispireba" poeziis saRamod gadaiqca da am uCveulo saRamos auditorias warmoadgendnen Cveni gamomZieblebi! aseTi ram namdvilad ara gvqoniao praqtikaSi, RimmoreviT ambobdnen isini, dapirispirebisas Tanamosaqme patimrebi erTmaneTs lanZRavdnen, sacemrad da zogjer mosaklavad iweven, eseni ki jer rogor Sexvdnen erTmaneTs da axla

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isic iseT situaciaSi, magram gulTmxilavi Tavad mimixvda da wylulze malamosaviT wamacxo es leqsi, romelic, albaT, Sedevria misi poeziisa. Tanac dasZina: ,,gaxsovdes, rom gamoZiebam maCvena orive firi Senze, sukis mier damontaJebuli, romelsac televiziiT uCvenebdnen da swored amis Semdeg davwere es leqsi magaTi gulis gasaxeTqad!" aseTi iyo misi pozicia, rac ,,glasnostSi" gamoqveynebuli werilidanac Cans. rodesac 1981 wels pirvelad daumates wlebi cimbirSi, ,,sasamarTloze" ganacxada: ,,Tqven ise meqceviT, rogorc ruseTi eqceva saqarTvelos" da ganacxada uvado SimSiloba, vinaidan axloblebTan Sexvedris uflebac wahgvares. misma erTma cimbirelma megobarma Sematyobina misi janmrTelobis katastrofuli mdgomareoba. saswrafod vafrine telefonograma JorJ marSesTan, marSe miterans daukavSirda, miterani jerac cocxal andropovs, axmaurda pressa, ayvirdnen radiosadgurebi da misces merabs axloblebTan Sexvedris ufleba. iraklis tragikuli TviTmkvlelobis Semdeg kvlav momivida cimbiridan cnoba, merabi ganwiruliao! kvlav davtrialdi, veci dasavleTis sainformacio saagentoebs, avtexe xmauri. imxanad amoxeTqa Cemi gulidan pasuxma mis leqsze, romelsac axla vaqveyneb: "erze mWvunvare ZmaTa krebuli eris saficar rainds giwodebs, ukvdav saqmisTvis jvarze vnebuli sasufevelSi Sexval, icode! qristem mogmadla cis gasaRebi da serafimTa haerovneba, ki leqsebs kiTxulobeno. cixeSi dawera ,,Rirs mama daviTs", ,,dostoevski" da sxva leqsebi. permisken mimaval etapSi ki, 1978 wlis 12 agvistos dawera Cemdami miZRvnili leqsi, ,,Zmas qristesmiers", romelic Semdgom lageridan gamomigzavna, magram Cemamde ver moaRwia, dedani am leqsisa gadmomca 1980 wels, cimbirSi, sofel kvitokSi, sadac Tavisufal gadasaxlebaSi imyofeboda da sadac me da iraklim, misma vaJma vinaxuleT. msurs oriode sityviT davaxasiaTo es leqsi, aq aris TiTqos Cveni brZolis istoria, Cveni biografia, poeturi sityviT gadmocemuli da raoden lakonurad! ai, sad asrulda rusTavelis naTqvami: grZeli sityva mokled iTqmiso!!! ramdeni dastia man am leqsSi, ra grZnoba, ra gancdebi, ra ­ tragedia! ,,nametani gadaaWarbe-meTqi, Cemi rolis Sefasebisas" ­ esRa vuTxari. Subli SeiWmuxna, rogorc sCvevoda da araferi miTxra. mcire xnis pauzis Semdgom meubneba: ,,gavige, viRac provokatorebi garwmuneben TbilisSi TiTqos me Sens e. w. monaniebas vgmob da sisusted giTvli. xom giTxari, ar wamoego-meTqi egeTebze, werili mainc ar damewera sakanSi Seni TandaswrebiT! winaswar SeTanxmebulnic rom ar vyofiliyaviT Sens ukandaxevaze, gana ar mesmis rom sxva gza ar iyo, ucxoeTSi Seni gaZevebiT xom daiRupeboda Cveni moZraoba! aba, daukvirdi, am leqsis damweri gana SeiZleba, rom sxvagvarad vfiqrobde?!" me saxtad davrCi. gana ar msmenoda amgvari ram, magram rogor vusayvedurebdi Cems tanjul Zmas, ar gwams monRolis natrabaxevi da arc mardoxes yalbi cxovneba. gvetanebodnen ZaRlni da Rorni, Semusvra surdaT elvare WaRis, magram xom davrCiT, mainc Cven orni, mkrTali raindni mwuxare saxis! kvlavac davudgeT darajad saflavs, yvela cocxalTa mizans da mizezs, amgvar wamebas xom Svebac axlavs, xvalec imedis TvalebiT gvimzers cxovelmyofeli saflavi igi gviwamebia cxovrebis wyarod dagvcqeris Tvali arsTagamrigi is agvaridebs bedis Sav taros. da ocnebebic cas miswvdnen Cvenni, ca gardagvexsna maradJamuli, xelTuqmnel xatis didebiT mSveni RvTiswilxvdomili Cveni mamuli. de, elvarebdes iverTa caze mze SuaRamis, barZimi wminda, gvwyalobdes, vinac gvikurTxa vazi da RvTismSobeli vinac dawinda. vaSenoT Cveni taZari qvaze, bnelSi msxdomT kvlavac avunToT kvari da migviZRvodes eklian gzaze wminda giorgi da ninos jvari." Tavisi cxovrebiseuli kredo ki merab kostavam Semdeg striqonebSi Caaqsova: ,,wilxvedr sikvdils Tu vumzerde avad, maSin namusis qudi gavTelo, Cemi samSoblo zecaa Tavad, Semdeg es miwa da saqarTvelo!" da misi poeziac xom zecis, miwis da saqarTvelos maradiuli didebaa. zviad gamsaxurdia 1990 weli, naTlisReba

V F V E K B

saxeli, tim bernarsa-li, ar aris mravlismetyveli bevri CvenTaganisTvis, miuxedavad imisa, rom igi yoveldRe muSaobs kompiuterTan. saRamosac ki miujdeba Tavis "pentiums" da gauTaveblad mogzaurobs internetSi. gasaocaria bevris tragikuli bedi, imis magivrad rom misi saxeli xsenebuli unda iyos XX saukunis udidesi geniosebis gverdiT da ganTqmuli, is mxolod specialistebis viwro wreSia cnobili. vfiqrobT, rom dadga dro bolo moeRos gauTavebel Woraobas da xmamaRla iTqvas, rom tim bernarsa-li aris adamiani, gamomgonebeli sayovelTaod cnobili kompiuteruli qselisa "interneti". msoflio qselis (igive internetis) gamogonebam kacobriobaSi igive roli iTamaSa, rogorc wignis sabeWdis mowyobilobis gamogonebam saukuneebis winaT... qselis momxmarebelTa ricxvi yovel wuTSi izrdeba. 1989 wels am qseliT sargeblobda mxolod ramodenime aTasi adamiani, 1992 wels "internetis" momxmarebelTa ricxvma milions gadaaWarba. 1994-Si ukve sam milionze meti iyvnen da dRes internetSi CarTulia 65 milionze meti momxmarebeli. Tu yvela momxmarebeli gadauricxavda bernarsa-lis kviraSi erT dolars mainc, is Zalian mokle droSi SeZlebda daweoda kapitalists bil geits - mflobels ganTqmuli firmisa "maikrosoft", yvelaze mdidar adamians msoflioSi. magram aravis es dolarebi ar gadauricxavs, 41 wlis tim bernersa-li samsaxurSi Tavisi 13 wlis folcvageni "xoWoTi" dadis. masaCusetis teqnologiis institutSi mas gaaCnia patara ofisi, sadac ganTavsebuli aqvs arakomerciuli organizacia "konsorciumi WWW". es organizacia adgens teqnikur standartebs "qselisaTvis", icavs maT safrTxisgan, romelic safrTxes uqmnis bazars.Mmisi fotoebi ar amSvenebs kompiuteris Jurnalebis ydebs, arc romelime programa ixseneba misi Rimiliani fotoTi, arc mis axels axseneben kompiuteris fanatebi da arc mis biografias ikvleven avtorebi biografiuli bestselerebisaTvis. marTlac gasakviria bedi geniosisa, romelsac amxela gamogonebisaTvis araviTari materialuri waxaliseba ar miuRia, saxelsa da didebas Tavi rom davaneboT... tim bernersa-li daibada ojaxSi, sadac mSoblebi fanatikurad iyvnen gatacebuli kompiuteruli teqnikis gaumjobesebis ideiT. misi mama da deda mniSvnelovan monawileobas Rebulobda pirveli kompiuteris "feranti-mark 1-is" Seqmnis saqmeSi. amitomac gasagebia timis seriozuli gataceba maTematikiTa da teqnikuri sagnebiT. Svidi wlis asakSi igi Tavis ufros Zmas akvirvebda gasaocari codniT, imiT, rom man ukve icoda minus oTxis kvadratuli fesvis amoyvana. aseTi iyo ojaxi... bernarsa-li ukve gadaeSva mecnierebis saocrebebSi. es survili mas aRuZra bavSvobaSi mosmenilma artur klarkis zRaparma "roca dagWirdeba daureko frankenSteins, akribe klaviSi F". es zRapari mogviTxrobs gadasvlis Sesaxeb kritikuli zRvaridan usasrulobaSi, wertilze, romlis xelis daWeraze uamravi kompiuteri iwyebs muSaobas, yvela sistema xmaurobs, fiqrobs da reagirebs, rogorc cocxali or-

13 Cveni rubrika

amerikis dedaqalaqidan megobari mirekavs da mpirdeba, rom Semaxvedrebs DvaSingtonSi konferenciaze Camosul planetis N1 adamians. me vibnevi, mgonia, rom audiencias miwyobs prezident buSTan, radgan vTvli, rom igi planetis lideria. Turme internetis mamasTan, tim bernersa-lisTan miwevs Sexvedra.

Cveni stumaria tim

bernersa-li

Vt ufvjdbujyt

bynthytnb!

marTebis universaluri gamanawilebeli. amis Semdeg man Seqmna pirveli programebis gamoZaxebiTi xazi, dasaxmareblad maTTvis, visac surs teqsti ekranze waikiTxos. da mxolod am SemTxvevaSi ekranze gamoCndeba suraTi, romlidanac am qselis Semqmneli, bernarsa-li imzireba. ra unda darqmeodaT mis Svilebs, mis programebs? bernarsa-lim bevri gamocada: "informeS", "informess", "informeiSen maind" da yuradReba uralo sityvebze "msoflios farTo qseli" (ablabuda), World Wide Web - SearCia, anu SemoklebiT WWW. - WWW cnobili Zalian Sorsaa, vidre World Wide Web, SeamCnia misma meuRlem. Semdeg msoflio qselma sicocxle Tavad, Cveulebrivi cxovrebiT gaagrZela. gamomgonebelTa sityvas bolos xels ara bernarsa-li, aramed mak andriseni awers, romelic iyo Tanaavtori bernarsa-lis ramodenime programisa da amiT daiwyo Tavisi biznesi "internetSi". es is mak andrisenia, romlis angariSze milionobiT dolarebi devs, es misi portreti gviRimis yvelaze prestiJuli kompiuteruli gamocemebis garekanze. dRes am ablabudis gareSe warmoudgenelia Cveni arsebobac ki. arc ki vici, ganviTarebis ra safexurze iqneboda dRes Cveni planeta, rom ara timi, dRes ukve nobelis premiis marTlac Rirseuli laureati. - ar gifiqriaT, rom xelidan gaagdeT Sansi, roca Tqven SegeZloT andrisenis adgilis dakaveba? ar nanobT imaze, rom adamianebisagan sakadrisi madliereba ver miiReT? - SevekiTxe bernersa-lis. - namdvilad diax! - mi pasuxa tim bernarsa-lim. Semdeg civad, Zalian civad gaiRima da daamata: - msoflio savsea wuTebiT, roca adamians SeuZlia gaxdes iseTi, rogoric aravin yofila, magram yvelafris miuxedavad, uamravi mcdelobiTac ki, adamiani sakuTar TavTan mxolod wertili rCeba.

ganizmi. roca mas eubnebian, rom man saocreba realobad aqcia, tim bernarsa-li uxerxulobs, sircxvilisgan iSmuSneba kidec. - ici, msoflios qseli ratomRac ar moisazreba erT organizmad am globalur sistemaSi da amis meSinia yvelaze metad... rogorc istoriis bevr sxva genialur gamogonebas, dasawyisSi msoflio qselis Seqmnasac gauCnda uamravi problemebi da mowinaaRmdegeebi. miuxedavad brwyinvale niWisa maTematikisa da kompiuterisa bernarsa-lim gaiTqva saxeli rogorc paTologiurad cudi

mexsierebis mqonem. is marTla ver imaxsovrebs imas, rac sxva sakiTxebTan SedarebiT problematuria. 1980 wels, igi, rogorc gamomgonebeli, umaRlesi xarisxis specialisti da konsultanti, miiwvies evropis centralur gamomgonebelTa centrSi, romelic Sveicariisa da safrangeTis sazRvarze mdebareobda. mTeli 6 Tvis ganmavlobaSi mas muSaoba uxdeboda labirinTebis sainformacio sistemaze. misi erTaderTi problema iyo daemaxsovrebina yoveli dRe da roca man gamosca programa "Enquire"- (gamomgonebelTa sakuTari mexsiereba), man moisurva teqstSi daeyenebina sityva, romelic im SemTxvevaSi Tu adamianSi gaugebrobas gamoiwvevda, mis axsna-ganmartebas miscemda da isev pirvel dawyebiT teqsts daabrunebda. sxva danarCeni ukve istoriaa. mTavaria, rom bernarsalim mogvca princi pulad axali gi perteqsti, romelic evropis centralurma gamomgonebelTa centrma umaRlesi cenziT Seafasa. bevri kiTxvebi Cndeba am okeaneSi: sainteresoa, Tu aqamde

yvela teqsti funqcionirebda centralur bazaze, sad iyo damaluli an dadebuli mTeli misi naSromebi, romelic SeiZleba dakarguliyo kidec, rogorc sxva sabuTebi. aris pasuxic: bernarsa_lis sistema muSavdeboda rogorc asocialuri kavSiri, rogorc modeli adamianis tvinisa. 1989 wels bernarsali isev gaemgzavra evropis centralur gamomgonebelTa centrSi. amJamad igi sul sxva problemis winaSe aRmoCnda: misgan ukve Zalian bevri moisurves. - me vifiqre, - miambobs igi, rom CemTvis umjobesi iqneboda, imaTTvis vinc SekiTxvebs maZlevs, ubralod mimeca saSualeba informacia Cems bazaze waekiTxa. bernarsa-li sityviT gamovida evropis centralur gamomgonebelTa centris gafarToebul sxdomaze giperteqstis daxmarebisaTvis gamarTul debatebisas. man yuradReba dauTmo princi ps, romelic SemdegSi Seqmnida SesaZleblobas teqstis gverdiT qselSi CarTuliyo grafika, video da nebismieri kavSirsistema. amis Semdeg SeZlebs qseli gaxdes globaluri - am sityvebiT dasrulda Tavis gamosvla, romlis Semdeg mTeli darbazi 15 wuTis ganmavlobaSi SeuCereblad ukravda taSs. Tavis kolegebis winaSe bernarsa-lim xmamaRla warmosTqva 3 gasaRebi qselisa: HTML - sabuTebis kodirebis ena, HTTP gi perteqstis oqmis kavSiri kompiuterTan da URL - misa-

14

- batono Temur, "TviTmfrinavis biWebis" saqme dRemde bevr kiTxvis niSans tovebs. miuxedavad imisa, rom sakmaod didi droa gasuli, is pirebi, vinc maSin uSualod an iribad monawileobdnen saqmeSi, dRes ratomRac isev dumils amjobineben an, ukeTes SemTxvevaSi, mokle da gaurkveveli pasuxebiT irideben pasuxgaucemel SekiTxvebs. imedia, mosamarTle Temur gersamia gulwrfeli aRmoCndeba... - absoluturad geTanxmebiT. samwuxarod, gaCndnen adamianebi, romlebic am saqmiT spekulacias ewevian, sasurvels sinamdviled asaReben. arian iseTebic, romlebic gulwrfelad cdebian movlenaTa SefasebaSi. magram amave dros dauSvebelia, rodesac aseT pirTa Soris vxvdebiT profesional iuristebsac. rac Seexeba gersamias, misi pozicia gamoxatuli da gasagnebulia ganaCenSi, romlis kanonierebasa da samarTlianobaSi eWvi ar mepareboda da arc dRes mepareba. - 21 wlis Semdeg rogor afasebT momxdars? - 21 wlis win momxdars zustad ise vafaseb, rogorc TviTmfrinavis gamtacebelTa mimarTa saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa sasamarTlo kolegiis mier Cemi TavmjdomareobiT 1984 wlis 19 agvistos gamotanil ganaCenSia mocemuli. - me mainteresebs erTmniSvnelovani pasuxi - sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba biWebis daxvretaze samarTliani iyo? Tqven dResac ase TvliT? marTalia, TviTmfrinavis gatacebis faqti nebismier formaciaSi antisaxelmwifoebriv qmedebad da teroristul aqtad aris kvalificirebuli, magram aseT SemTxvevaSic kanoni iTvaliswinebda Tavisuflebis aRkveTas 15 wlamde an sasjelis umaRles zomas. ratom ar moxda CvenTan daxvretis nacvlad 15 wlamde Tavisuflebis aRkveTis ganaCenis gamotana? - Tu ra motivebiT ganesazRvraT TviTmfrinavis gamtaceblebs sasjelis gansakuTrebuli RonisZieba, miTiTebulia sasamarTlo kolegiis zemoxsenebul ganaCenSi, sadac aRniSnulia, rom gamtacebelTa mimarT sasjelebis gansazRvris dros Semamsubuqebeli motivebis garda pasuxismgeblobis damamZimebeli garemoebebia, gansasjelTa mier didi sazogadoebrivad saSiSi xasiaTisa da xarisxis danaSaulis Cadena, ramac mZime Sedegebi gamoiwvia: daiRupnen TviTmfrinavis eki paJis wevrebi da mgzavrebi, romelTa Soris ramdenime pirma miiRo sxeulis sxvadasxva xarisxis dazianeba. mgzavrebisa da ekipaJis wevrebisadmi sastiki, cinikuri damokidebulebis, bandituri moqmedebebis Sedegad 14 saaTis ganmavlobaSi TviTmfrinavis katastrofisa Tu afeTqebis molodinSi mgzavrebma, eki paJis wevrebma miiRes moraluri, fsiqikuri travmebi! am daskvnebis damadasturebeli garemoebebi detalurad aris gaanalizebuli ganaCenSi. dResac ase vTvli, rom yovlad udanaSaulo adamianebis sicocxlis da janmrTelobis xelmyofi pirebi yvela epoqaSi Canadenis Sesabamisad unda daisajon. danaSaulisa da sasjelis sakiTxebi mxolod mosamarTleTa emociebis mixedviT ar wydeba, maT samarTlebrivi safuZvlebi da kriteriumebi gaaCnia. sasamarTlom am Tvalsazri-

V F V E K B

1983 wlis 18 noembers TviTmfrinavis gatacebis procesis mosamarTle Temur gersamia iyo, romelic maSindeli ambebis detalebs ixsenebs

fthjgjhnib bfhfqb vqdltkc fyfajhbs eylf uftnfyf

"sdbsvahbyfdbc ,bzt,bc" vjcfvfhsktc c]thf+ hjv

cojhb ufyfxtyb ufvjbnfyf!

siT kanoniT dadgenili wesiT Seasrula sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 37-e muxlis moTxovnac. - baton vaxtang razmaZisTvis cnobili ar aRmoCnda is faqti, rom sasjelis umaRles zomaze bolo wuTamde aravin fiqrobda. mkvleloba mxolod kaxa iveriels umtkicdeboda, magram daxvretas arc is eqvemdebareboda. rac Seexeba danarCenebs, maT garkveuli vadiT Tavisuflebis aRkveTa hqondaT misjili, magram bolos moulodnelad yvelas daxvreta miusajes. ra moxda? - CemTvis gaugebaria, ra wyaroebs eyrdnobiT, rodesac mogyavT am kiTxvaSi aRniSnuli motivebi, maT Soris mtkiceba, TiTqos "mkvleloba mxolod kaxa iveriels umtkicdeboda". imisaTvis, rom srulyofili pasuxi gavce Tqven SekiTxvas da ufro naTlad ganvmarto arsebiTi mniSvnelobis garemoebebi, aucilebelia sabraldebo daskvniT dadgenilad miCneuli epizodebidan konkretulad moviyvano Tundac zogierTi maTgani. daskvnaSi dafiqsirebulia, rom mRvdelma Teimuraz CixlaZem sazRvargareT wasvlis mizniT jer kidev 1979 wels Camoayaliba SeiaraRebuli banda, romelSic gaerTiandnen: wereTeli, grigol tabiZe, daviT miqaberiZe, germane kobaxiZe, Zmebi kaxa da paata iverielebi da TinaTin fetviaSvili. banda SeiaraRda sxvadasxva saxis cecxlmsroleli da civi sabrZolo masaliT, xelyumbarebiT. TviTmfrinavSi SeRweva 1983 wlis 18 noembers, 15 saaTze ganxorcielda qorwinebisa da saqorwino mogzaurobis imitaciis CixlaZiseuli variantiT, risTvisac wina dRes mowyobil kobaxiZe-fetviaSvilis "qorwilSi" dapatiJes aeroportis saerTaSoriso seqtoris morige ana varsimaSvili. am ukanasknelma, darwmunebulma, rom moqmedebda pativiscemis motivebiT, "meqorwineebi" yovelgvari Semowmebis gareSe TviTmfrinavisken gaatara samsaxurebrivi gasasvlelidan. kobaxiZem da fetviaSvilma mejvareebad moiwvies am ukanasknelis axlo megobrebi ekaterine SalutaSvili da ana meliva. SalutaSvils TviTmfrinavSi CanTiT motyuebiT Seatanines sabrZolo masala. melivasac miaCnda, rom jgufSi mxolod mejvaris rols asrulebda. "tu-104" markis Tbilisi-baTumi-kievi-leningradis reisis lainerSi SeRwevidan, sadac gamtaceblebi ganagrZobdnen saqeifo atmosferos Seqmnas da afrenidan 10 wuTis Semdeg, Tanaxmad winaswar SemuSavebuli gegmisa da funqciebis ganawilebisa, kobaxiZem SalutaSvils gamoarTva xelCanTa da gadasca miqaberiZes, romelmac gaanawila iaraRebi. amis Semdeg kaxa iverieli wereTelTan erTad gaemarTa pilotebis kabinisken, xolo paata iverielma mgzavr a.solomonias, romelic misi perangis feris gamo miliciis muSakad miiCnies, TavSi Caartya Sampanuris boTli, tabiZem ki masve esrola TavSi tyvia. samedicino eqspertizis daskvniT, orive Wriloba sasikvdilo iyo. imave tabiZem amjerad ukve pilotis formaSi mjdom mgzavr a.plotkas samjer esrola revolveridan mxarisa da welis areSi. Tavis mxriv, miqaberiZem mkvlelobis mizniT esrola mgzavr o.gvalias, riTac miayena mas gulmkerdis areSi sicocxlisaTvis saSiSi gamWoli Wriloba filtvis dazianebiT. paata iverieli da gega kobaxiZe Tavs zemoT aweuli xelyumbarebiTa da afeTqebis muqariT aterorebdnen mgzavrebs, ubrZanes Cawoliliyvnen savarZelSi, ar daZruliyvnen adgilebidan. aseT viTarebaSi kaxa iverieli wereTelTan erTad SeiWra bortgamcilebelTa ganyofilebaSi da moiTxova, bortgamcilebel valentina krutikovas telefoniT gadaeca pilotebisTvis, damorCilebodnen maT moTxovnas da gafreniliyvnen TurqeTSi. maT SeuerTda tabiZec da sikvdilis muqariT, ramac realuri saxe miiRo, aiZules krutikova, SeTanxmebuli paroliT daekakunebina pilotebis kabinis karze, rac man Seasrula sikvdilis SiSiT. kabinis kari gaaRo inspeqtorma z.SarbaTianma, romelsac tabiZem "naganidan" erTxel, xolo kaxa iverielma "revsteridan" eqvsjer esrola. ase mokles igi adgilzeve. amis Semdeg kaxa iverieli SeiWra kabinaSi da iaraRis Tavze mibjeniT mosTxova pilot a.gardafxaZes, gafreniliyo TurqeTSi, xolo tabiZem kabinaSive mokla bortmeqanikosi Wedia. amave danayofSi myofma Sturmanma g.gasoianma tabeluri iaraRidan gasroliT mokla tabiZe, daWra wereTeli da kaxa iverieli. pilotebma aseTi xocva-Jletis viTarebaSi SeZles TviTmfrinavis dasma Tbilisis aeroportSi, sadac miqaberiZem, Seityo ra es faqti, Tavi moikla. aqve aRvniSnav, rom rogorc gamoZiebiT dadginda, am ti pis xomalds teqnikuri saSualebebis gamo ver miiRebda TurqeTis verc erTi uaxloesi aeroporti. - batono Temur, CemTvis cnobilia, rom TviTmfrinavs ori aviagamandgurebelic aekida, romelTac haerSive unda moexdinaT mTeli TviTmfrinavis likvidacia. - ki batono, sawvavis problemis garda, isic dadasturda, rom TviTmfrinavs aekida ori aviagamanadgurebeli, romlebic kursis SecvlisTanave Camoagdebdnen mas. TviTmfrinavSi ki imyofeboda 58 mgzavri da eki paJis 7 wevri. aeroportSi dabrunebisTanave gamtaceblebis mier gaTavisuflebuli SalutaSvili da meliva TviTmfrinavidan gadmoxtnen, ris Sedegadac SalutaSvils dauzianda xerxemali, melivam moitexa fexi da mZimed dazianda. sabargo danayofSi daWrilma soso wereTelma iaraRidan gasroliT mokla valentina krutikova, rodesac igi Tavis kolega i.ximiCTan erTad gadmoxta TviTmfrinavidan. kobaxiZem da fetviaSvilma, romlebsac paata iverielic SeuerTda, ganagrZes mgzavrebis dateroreba, maTdami cinikuri damokidebuleba da wameba, rac 14 saaTis ganmavlobaSi grZeldeboda. aseTi moqmedebebiT aiZulebdnen, maTac moeTxovaT TurqeTSi gafrena. sabraldebo daskvnaSi moyvanili mravali faqtidan Sevexebi mxolod erTs - rodesac fetviaSvilma da paata iverielma meuRlesTan da mcirewlovan SvilTan erTad myofi mgzavri qali aiZules, Cabmuliyo aseT moTxovnaSi, maTTan erTad ewarmoebina molaparakeba aeroportis administraciasTan TviTmfrinavis gaSvebis uzrunvelyofis Sesaxeb, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi daemuqrnen, rom yurebs daaWridnen mis wlinaxevris Svils, Semdeg mouklavdnen bavSvsac da meuRlesac. miuxedavad araerTgzis moTxovnisa, gamtaceblebi ar nebdebodnen xelisuflebas. amis Semdeg aeroportSi myofma samxedro danayofma cecxli gaxsna TviTmfrinavis mimarTulebiT, ra drosac daiRupa aeroportis erTi TanamSromeli da daiWra 11 mgzavri. arc aman gamoiRo Sedegi. am faqtis mimarT sisxlis samarTlis saqme gamoiyo kanonis Tanaxmad calke warmoebad da gadaeca samxedro prokuraturas, rasac gavlena ar mouxdenia gamtacebelTa saqmis gamoZiebis srulyofilebaze, vinaidan maT danaSauli, dakavSirebuli mgzavrebisa da eki paJis wevrebis sicocxlisa da janmrTelobis xelyofasTan, Caidines haerSi, garda krutikovas mkvlelobisa, samxedroebma ki - aeroportSi, TviTmfrinavis dabrunebis Semdeg. gatacebidan me-14 saaTze moskovidan gamoZaxebulma specialuri daniSnulebis razmma SeZlo gamtacebelTa umsxverplod dakaveba. - romeli specialuri daniSnulebis razmi iyo gamoZaxebuli? - kgb-s specdaniSnulebis razmi "alfa". - vis mier iyo gamoZaxebuli "alfa"? - ar gamovricxav, rom is gamoiZaxa saqarTvelos respublikis maSindelma xelmZRvanelobam. - konkretulad? - SeiZleba igi gamoeZaxa SevardnaZesac, inaursac, Tumca, ar aris gamoricxuli, rom moskovs Tavisi iniciativiT gamoegzavna es razmi. - ra mizniT da ra interesebiT unda gamoegzavna moskovs "alfa" TbilisSi? - me ukve zemoT aRvniSne, rom TviTmfrinavis Tbilisis aeroportSi dabrunebis Semdeg gamtaceblebTan 14 saaTianma molaparakebam danebebis Sesaxeb ar gamoiRo nayofi da am specrazmma me-14 saaTze 10 wuTSi gaauvnebelyo TviTmfrinavi. - Cemi informaciiT, "alfa" gamoiZaxa SevardnaZem... - am kiTxvaze pasuxi ukve gageciT. - batono Temur, sasamarTlos msvlelobis dros bevri ram tendenciuri da darRveuli iyo. amaze bevrs saubroben, magram sainteresoc isaa, rom uaryofac ver xdeba marTlmsajulebis mxridan. - saqmis sasamarTlo ganxilviT ar Secvlila winaswari gamoZiebis procesSi Sekrebili 22 tomisa da xuTi aTasi furclisagan Semdgari saqmis masalebi da sabraldebo daskvniT TviTmfrinavis gamtaceblebisadmi wardgenili braldebis arc erTi epizodi. uklebliv yvela epizodi TiToeulma maTganma sasamarTloSic daadastura. araviTari cvlileba ar ganucdia sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvis procesSi arc mravalricxovani dazaralebulis, mowmeebis Cvenebebs, romlebSic isini amxeldnen gamtaceblebs usastikes, cinikur mopyrobaSi maT mimarT, iseve, rogorc konkretul sisxlis samarTlis danaSaulebriv qmedebebSi. ar Secvlila mtkicebulebaTa sxva saxeobebic. ucvleli darCa gamtaceblebisadmi wardgenili sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis Sesabamisi muxlebic, romlebiTac dakvalificirebuli iyo TiToeuli maTganis danaSauli. - Tqven Zalian did yuradRebas amaxvilebT sabraldebo daskvnaze. - sabraldebo daskvnaze yuradRebas imitom vamaxvileb, rom igi safuZvlad edeba ganaCens, misi yvela monacemis gansazRvras, sasjelebis CaTvliT. am konkretul SemTxvevaSi saqme gvaqvs saqmis winaswari da sasamarTlo gamoZiebebis masalebis srul SesabamisobasTan anu sabraldebo daskvnaSi yovelmxriv dasabuTebulma garemoebebma, romelsac amtkicebs batoni vaxtang razmaZe, im periodSi respublikis prokuroris pirveli moadgile, Tavisi asaxva hpova sasamarTlo ganaCenSi. amitom srul gaugebrobas iwvevs, ratom iCens igi orWoful damokidebulebas da ar iZleva naTel pasuxs korespondentis mier misdami savsebiT swori misamarTiT dasmul kiTxvaze - Tu ramdenad kanonieri da samarTliania

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msjavrdebulebisadmi Sefardebuli sasjelis umaRlesi zoma, rodesac pasuxobs: "magas me nu mekiTxebiT, es iseTi sakiTxia, romelic im mosamarTlem unda gadawyvitos, vinc saqmes ixilavda"; "eg gersamias unda hkiTxoT". baton razmaZes am kiTxvaze pasuxis gacemas misive Tanamdebobis Sesabamisad avaldebulebs sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanoni. kerZod, im periodSi moqmedi am saproceso kodeqsis me-20 muxlis Tanaxmad, "prokurori valdebulia sisxlis samarTlis samarTalwarmoebis yvela (kursivi Cemia T.g.) stadiaSi Tavis droze miiRos kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli zomebi, raTa aRmofxvras kanonis yovelgvari darRveva, visganac ar unda momdinareobdes igi". am funqcias ewodeba saprokurori zedamxedveloba da xorcieldeba sxvadasxva formiTa da meTodiT. am saqmeze razmaZem zedamxedveloba ganaxorciela umniSvenelovanesi procesualuri dokumentis - sabraldebo daskvnis damtkicebiT da iqca mis Tanaavtorad. rodesac batoni razmaZe Tavs aridebs zemoxsenebul kiTxvaze konkretuli pasuxis gacemas, calsaxad unda davaskvnaT, rom mas, rogorc generaluri prokuroris pirvel moadgiles, gansxvavebuli azri hqonia msjavrdebulebisadmi sasjelis umaRlesi zomis Sefardebis TvalsazrisiT, rac mas adre arsad araviTari formiT daufiqsirebia. ra Tqma unda, ganaCeni sasamarTlos gamoaqvs, magram, saproceso kodeqsis 54-e muxlis Tanaxmad, "pirveli instanciis sasamarTloSi (anu sasamarTloSi, romelic uflebamosilia gamoitanos ganaCeni saqmeze) sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvis monawile mosamarTlem ar SeiZleba monawileoba miiRos Semdgom instanciebSi saqmis ganxilvis dros". ganaCenis gamotanis Semdeg mosamarTle am saqmes mTlianad unda ganeridos. - es asea, magram rogor unda Semowmdes is, Tu ramdenad kanonieri da samarTliania ganaCeni? - ramdenad kanonieri da samarTliania ganaCeni, igi mowmdeba zedamxedvelobis wesiT, rogorc uzenaesi sasamarTlos sazedamxedvelo instanciis, aseve respublikis prokuraturis, maT Soris am konkretul saqmeze batoni razmaZis, rogorc sabraldebo daskvnis Tanaavtoris, mier. am sakiTxebis ufro detaluri ganxilva Sors wagviyvans da amitom amjerad amiT unda davkmayofildeT, aRvniSnav mxolod, rom TavianT daskvnebSi, romlebic, kanonis Tanaxmad, waredginaT Sewyalebis komisiebs, yvela sazedamxedvelo organom, rogorc respublikurma, aseve sakavSirom, ganaCeni sworad miiCnia, amasTan, Zalian Zneli dasajerebelia batoni razmaZis mtkiceba imis Sesaxeb, rom sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvaSi monawile prokurorma ioselianma sasjelebis sakiTxi SeuTanxma mxolod respublikis prokuror anzor barabaZes da am umniSvnelovanesi sakiTxis ganxilva moxda v.razmaZis ignorirebiT. amas mas verc gaubedavdnen misi udidesi avtoritetis gamoc. amas veRar SevityobT ioselianisa da barabaZis gardacvalebis gamo. Sewyalebis komisiaSi ki vaxtang razmaZis raime gansxvavebuli azri dafiqsirebuli ar aris. - batono Temur, ra motivebiT dasaxelda Temur CixlaZe organizatorad da ratom miesaja mas sasjelis umaRlesi zoma, rodesac operaciaSi monawileoba ar miuRia da CamoSorebulic ki iyo TviTmfrinavis biWebisgan. sindisi ar gqenjniT, rom udanaSaulo adamiani dasajeT? - sabraldebo daskvnaSi, iseve, rogorc ganaCenSi, detalurad aris aRwerili CixlaZis organizatoruli roli am umZimesi danaSaulis CadenaSi. garda amisa, albaT ar iqneba zedmeti, am TvalsazrisiT moviyvanoT baton v. razmaZis azri mRvdel CixlaZis mimarT. ai, ras werda igi erT-erT sagazeTo statiaSi: "CixlaZis gansakuTrebuli organizatoruli roli TviTmfrinavis gatacebis mizniT SeiaraRebuli bandis CamoyalibebaSi dadasturebulia winaswari da samsjavro gamoZiebis dros paata iverielis CvenebiTac, sadac man aCvena, rom CixlaZis zegavlena rom ara, SeiZleba aseTi danaSauli ar CaedinaT... man SeimuSava danaSaulis Cadenis gegma. danaSaulis CadenaSi Caaba bandis wevrebi, xels uwyobda bandis SeiaraRebas, iyo am danaSaulis Cadenis sulisCamdgmeli da iniciatori... is garemoeba, rom mas uSualod ar miuRia monawileoba TviTmfrinavze TavdasxmaSi misi gatacebis mizniT, mas ar aTavisuflebs pasuxismgeblobisagan, radgan aucilebeli ar aris, rom organizatori uSualod eswrebodes danaSaulis Cadenas" (ix. gazeTi "axali saqarTvelo", #6, 2-8 aprili, 1998 weli). baton razmaZis am Sefasebasa da bralis xarisxis gansazRvraSi CixlaZis, rogorc bandituri jgufis organizatoris yvela niSani amomwuravad aris mocemuli. albaT saWiroa davakonkretoT amis damadasturebeli epizodebi, romelTagan mxolod nawils moviyvan. CixlaZes arasodes miuRia zomebi bandituri jgufis nebayoflobiT dasaSlelad, piriqiT, organizaciulad da ideurad amtkicebda mas. wevrebisgan moiTxovda disci plinas, zogierT maTgans loTs da narkomans uwodebda, rac, rogorc ganmartes, masTan ganawyenebis motivic gaxda, aRar surdaT yofiliyvnen SemdegSic CixlaZis gavlenis qveS da ukanasknel periodSi CamoSordnen mas, daumales gaqcevis TariRi. CixlaZe amuSavebda sxvadasxva versiebsa da gegmebs sazRvargareT gaqcevis mizniT. daigegma sazRvao gziT gaqceva, risTvisac wereTeli da miqaberiZe gaagzavna soxumSi, baTumSi, talinSi, sadac gaicnes da TbilisSic Camoiyvanes Tanamoazreebi Smoilovi da nimtaki, Seaxvedres CixlaZes, am ukanasknelma ki isini sapatriarqos mimarTviT moawyo sastumroSi. CixlaZisave binaSi garkveuli drois ganmavlobaSi inaxeboda miqaberiZis mier 1200 maneTad SeZenili "nagani", agreTve gazis baloni.

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qva da daafiqsira Tavisi ukiduresi aRSfoTeba Tavisi cinizmiTa da SedegebiT am danaSaulTan dakavSirebiT. kvlav minda ganvmarto, rom gamtaceblebi mxolod imitom ki ar daisajnen, rom sazRvargareT undodaT wasvla da darCena sabWoTa xelisuflebis reJimis protestis motivebiT, aramed imitom, rom am miznis misaRwevad, risi ganxorcielebac TiToeul maTgans SeeZlo kanonieri gziT, Caidines umZimesi danaSauli, dakavSirebuli amave reJimSi mcxovrebi sruliad udanaSaulo da umweo mdgomareobaSi myofi adamianebis xocva-JletasTan da wamebasTan. - ra Tqma unda, SevardnaZis, rogorc cekas pirveli mdivnis roli am RonisZiebebis organizebaSi meorexarisxovani ar iyo. - me ukve aRvniSne, ra daedo

GixlaZis erT-erTi versiiT, iaraRebisa da xelyumbarebis TviTmfrinavSi namalavad Sesatanad gamoiyenebda anaforas, xolo sakontrolo gasasvlelSi signalizaciis GarTvas miawerdnen anaforaze Gamokidebul qristianul simboloebs.

misive erT-erTi versiiT, iaraRebisa da xelyumbarebis TviTmfrinavSi namalavad Sesatanad gamoiyenebda anaforas, xolo sakontrolo gasasvlelSi signalizaciis CarTvas miawerdnen anaforaze Camokidebul qristianul simboloebs. sabolood ki SemuSavda gatacebis gegma "saqorwino mogzaurobis" ukve cnobili meTodiT, riTac Seiqmnidnen sensaciur reklamas da mii pyrobdnen msoflio sazogadoebis yuradRebas, es im dros, rodesac CixlaZesa da misi jgufis wevrebs Tu marTlac mxolod sazRvargareT gaqceva surdaT, Tavisuflad SeeZloT misi ganxorcieleba kanonieri, turistuli mogzaurobisa Tu sxva gziT, ris Sesaxebac aseve msjelobdnen, magram sabolood danaSaulebrivi meTodiT ganaxorcieles. TavisTavad cxadia, rom gamtacebelTa mimarT sasjelis gansakuTrebuli RonisZiebis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb Cem mier moyvanili kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli safuZvlebi da motivebi mTlianad exeba CixlaZesac. mdgomareobas ar cvlis CixlaZisa da misi jgufis wevrebs Soris kavSiris bolo periodSi gawyvetis faqtic. - ra SemTxvevaSi Tavisufldeba organizatori pasuxismgeblobisgan? - sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis normis Tanaxmad, romliTac gansazRvrulia nebayoflobiT xelisaReba danaSaulis Cadenaze, organizatori mxolod im SemTxvevaSi gaTavisufldeba pasuxismgeblobisgan, Tu igi nebayoflobiT miiRebs zomebs mis mierve Camoyalibebuli jgufis dasaSlelad, amasTan, Tu danaSauli bolomde ar iyo miyvanili. CixlaZis qmedebebSi aseT garemoebebs adgili ar hqonia. umZimesi Sedegic saxezea. - batono Temur, ganaCenis sisruleSi moyvanis Semdeg ojaxs misdis oficialuri Setyobineba amis Sesaxeb, an gazeT "komunistSi" qveyndeboda oficialurad amis Taobaze, magram, rogorc vici, ojaxis wevrebs ar misvliaT aseTi cnoba. vaxtang razmaZem CemTan interviuSi ganacxada, rom amis Sesaxeb arc misTvis iyo cnobili da mxolod mas Semdeg gaigo, roca respubli-

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dResac ase vTvli, rom yovlad udanaSaulo adamianebis sicocxlis da janmrTelobis xelmyofi pirebi yvela epoqaSi Ganadenis Sesabamisad unda daisajon.

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kis prokurori gaxda. miuxedavad imisa, rom man maSindel xelisuflebas mimarTa am sakiTxze, reaqcia mas ar mohyolia. Tavad batoni vaxtangi erTmniSvnelovnad ver xsnis, ratom. pasuxi iqneb Tqven gviTxraT? - me ukve ganvmarte, rom saqmis ganmxilvelma mosamarTlem ganaCenis gamotanis Semdeg yovelmxriv unda gawyvitos am saqmesTan kavSiri da yvela sakiTxi, rac exeba aramarto mis kanonierebas, aramed ganaCenis aRsrulebasac, gadadis sazedamxedvelo instanciis kompetenciaSi. amitom am kiTxvaze namdvilad ver gagcemT dasabuTebul pasuxs. ar ifiqroT, rom gavurbivar am faqtebis axsnas. Tu me viZlevi ganmartebebs gamtacebelTa saqmesTan dakavSirebiT, es aucileblobiT aris ganpirobebuli da amas mxolod gamonaklisis saxiT vakeTeb mxolod maSin, rodesac maiZuleben profesionali iuristebi. sxva publikaciebs saerTod ar vexmaurebi. ufleba ar maqvs, me, rogorc mosamarTle, davadge ganaCenTan dakavSirebiT ganmartebebis micemis gzas da am TvalsazrisiT Sevuqmna precedenti Cems kolegebs, radgan saqarTvelos konstituciis 84-e muxlis me-3 punqtis Tanaxmad, "aravis ara aqvs ufleba, mosTxovos mosamarTles angariSi konkretul saqmeze". - SevardnaZem im periodSi albaT yvelaze mkacri da daundobeli gancxadeba gaakeTa imis Taobaze, rom is sasamarTlo procesi yvelasTvis saCvenebeli unda yofiliyo, raTa msgavsi ram aRar ganmeorebuliyo. es gancxadeba albaT erTgvari zewolis forma gaxda da man Sesabamisad imoqmeda sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebaze, prokuraturaze. - Tqven albaT mxedvelobaSi gaqvT is RonisZiebebi, romlebic ganaxorciela saqarTvelos kompartiis centralurma komitetma am saqmesTan dakavSirebiT. aq uCveulo araferi iyo. sabWoTa xelisuflebis arsebobis istoriaSi partia yovelTvis axdenda reagirebas aseTi da analogiuri mniSvnelovani movlenebisadmi. am periodSi TiTqmis yvela partiulma Tu sabWoTa organom, warmoeba-dawesebulebam, organizaciam gamoT-

safuZvlad ganaCenis gamotanas da amas aRar gavimeoreb. am garemoebebs arasrulyofilad da araobieqturad gamokvlevisa da Sefasebis TvalsazrisiT veravin verasdros miCqmalavs, miT umetes, amas ver gaakeTebda gamtacebelTa saqmis ganmxilveli mosamarTle. minda Sevexo vaxtang razmaZis mier Cems gardacvlilad gamocxadebas. amaze amjerad detaluri msjeloba uadgilod mimaCnia, magram mxolod imas aRvniSnav, rom vinaidan es piradad me mexeba, TviTonve gavarkvev am faqts kanoniT dadgenili sxva gziT. - gasagebia, rom mosamarTles mxolod emociebis safuZvelze ar gamoaqvs ganaCeni. Tqven SegiZliaT imis uaryofa, rom im qmedebebma, romelic gatarda SevardnaZis mxridan, Tqvenze, rogorc mosamarTleze, gavlena ar moaxdina da kanons daqvemdebarebulma Temur gersamiam gauZlo maSindeli sabWouri reJimis xasiaTs da cekas pirveli mdivnis pozicias. Tqvenze zemoqmedebas gamoricxavT? - statiis moculobis farglebSi zemoT ukve aRvwere zogierTi epizodi, romlebic Caidines TviTmfrinavis gamtaceblebma. aqedan viTom aSkarad Cans is faqti, rom TiToeuli maTganis roli am umZimesi danaSaulis CadenaSi, danaSaulis xarisxis TvalsazrisiT, TiTqmis absoluturad Tanabari iyo, ramac ganapiroba pasuxismgeblobis xarisxic. kerZod, Tu Zmebi iverielebidan orive maTgani iyo uSualod mkvlelobis Camdeni, kobaxiZe-fetviaSvilis tandemi iyo am bandituri jgufis danaSaulis ganxorcielebis xerxemali, xolo CixlaZe - am jgufis organizatori. am garemoebebma ganapiroba is faqtic, rom SeuZlebeli Seiqmna, TiToeuli maTganis mimarT ar gamogveyenebina sasjelis gansakuTrebuli RonisZieba. rac Seexeba zemoqmedebas, vfiqrob, am kiTxvaze pasuxi ukve gacemuli maqvs, magram damatebiT kidev gavmartav, rom profesionali mosamarTle ar unda eqceodes Tavisi samsaxurebrivi movaleobis Sesrulebis dros aseTi garemoebebis gavlenis qveS da misi yvela moqmedeba unda Seesabamebodes kanonis uzenaesobas, misi princi pebis dacvas. maia gigolaSvili

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ierusalimis jvris monastris kedlidan uflisaken mipyrobili, aseTi cocxali da Wkviani TvalebiT SoTa rusTaveli ki ara, aramed didad Rvawlmosili, qarTvelTa moxucebuli mefe demetre I gviyurebs!

XII saukuneSi axlo aRmosavleTSi da saerTod maSindeli msoflios mniSvnelovan nawilSi movlenebi saocrad sainteresod da daZabulad viTardeboda. evropidan ierusalimisaken daZruli jvarosanTa laSqari intensiurad utevda musulmanuri qveynebis qalaqebs. magram dasawyisidanve gamoCnda, rom qristes saxels amofarebuli jvarosnebi advilad ver sZlevdnen mahmadianur qveynebs. "qristes meomrebs" Zlieri, aramahmadiani mokavSire sWirdebodaT, rom musulmanur urdoebs dasawyisSive ar CaeklaT jvarosanTa "religiuri" aRtkineba. am dros daviT aRmaSeneblis geniis wyalobiT saqarTvelo fexze dgeba da erTiandeba. 1121 wels didgoris velze, swored daviTis saqarTvelo iRebs Tavis Tavze umsxvilesi musulmanuri koaliciis daaxloebiT 300 aTasiani laSqris Semotevas da, SeiZleba iTqvas, mTel jvarosnul moZraobas sasikvdilo dartymisagan icavs. evropelebsac, ra Tqma unda, kargad esmodaT am omSi saqarTvelos mniSvneloba. erTerTi frangi qristes saflavis klerikosi ierusalimidan safrangeTSi, parizSi, galien episkopossa da parizis notrdamis krebuls atyobinebs: "qarTvel mefes daviTs - kaspiis kari (darubandis kari), gogsa da magogs rom zRudavs, eWira da sdarajobda; misi Svili, aqamde masve asrulebs visi qveyana da samefo midelTa da sparsTa winaaRmdeg, Cveni, ase vTqvaT, wina burjia." aRmaSeneblis memkvidre qarTvelTa mefe demetre I, mamis msgavsad, warmatebiT umklavdeboda musulmanTa gaveSebuli urdoebis Semotevebs. daviTis mier gaTavisuflebul saqarTvelos zeaRsvla, Cveni mtrebisTvis umniSvnelo movlena sulac ar iyo da, ra Tqma unda, isinic ar iSurebdnen mravalricxovan armiebs saqarTvelos dasaqcevad, magram demetrem SeZlo "mesiis maxvilis" Zlevamosili pyroba. ara marto maxvili, kalamic SesaniSnavad uWrida qarTvel gvirgvinosans, es maSin, roca evropis yvela monarqs rodi exerxeboda Tavisuflad wera-kiTxva. demetres "Sen xar venaxi" ki qarTvelma erma sagaloblad aqcia da is dResac atkbobs Cvens yurTasmenas. magram didi qarTveli mefis Sesaxeb erTob mwiri istoriuli cnobebi mogvepoveba, arada, ramdeni ram unda gadaxdenoda im mZime droSi qarTvelobas da mis Zlevamosil mefes. arc es statia daiwera demetre I-is damsaxurebaTa warmosaCenad. Cveni interesi ierusalimis jvris monasterSi arsebulma,- SoTa rusTavelis freskam mii pyro. am mcireodeni xnis winaT, barbarosTagan freskis dazianebis Semdeg, survili gamiCnda am freskisaTvis kidev erTxel Semomevlo Tvali, radganac originalis aRdgena, SeiZleba, aRarc gvRirseboda. freskis gamosaxulebaze yuradRebiT dakvirvebam ki seriozuli eWvi gamiCina misi realuri personaJis Taobaze. amitom mimovixiloT is ZiriTadi versiebi, rac am freskas ukavSirdeba. unda aRiniSnos, rom freskaze gamosaxuli pirovnebis Sesaxeb Tavidanve damkvidrda mosazreba, rom is swored SoTa rusTavelia, radganac freskaze arsebobda Semdegi warwera: "amisa damxatavsa SoTa(s) Seundvnes RmerTman. amin." qvemodan ki portrets aweria "rustaveli", rac erTmniSvnelonad srulebiT ar migviTiTebs, rom iq swored SoTa rusTavelia gamosaxuli da ara, magaliTad, portretis damxatavi, SemkveTi an SemdgomSi ganxorcielebuli restavraciis organizatori. Tumca, am sakiTxs naklebi yuradReba miaqcies da ZiriTadad mkvlevarTa Soris azrTa sxvadasxvaoba gamowveuli iyo poetis qarTul sazogadoebaSi dakavebuli adgilis Sesaxeb msjelobiT. zogis azriT, freskaze gamosaxuli pirovneba, romelsac hmosavs mowiTalo samoseli, sayeloze movlebuli aqvs yaryumis TeTri bewvi da Tavze axuravs momrgvalo qudi, samefo sisxlis matarebeli, amave dros, mefis vazirimeWurWleTuxucesi an kidev mRvdelmTavari iyo. Cvenc WeSmaritebis saZieblad sxvadasxva mkvlevaris versiebis marTebuloba gamovikvlioT. 1883 wels al. cagarelma ierusalimis jvris monasteri moinaxula da, misi azriT, freskaze rusTaveli, gamosaxulia Sua saukuneebis qarTveli didebulis samosiT. amas daaxloebiT XV saukunis imave monastris aRapebSi SoTa meWurWleTuxucesis moxsenieba, da aseve Teimuraz bagrationis da sxvaTa msgavsi mosazrebac daemata da rusTvelologiaSi mkvidrdeba azri, rom freskaze gamosaxulia mefis vaziris samosSi gamowyobili SoTa rusTaveli. arada, wiTeli feris mosasxami, romelic freskaze gamosaxul pirovnebas mosavs, sxva araferia, Tu ara porfir-bisoni, romlis daniSnulebac da garegani aRwerilobac kargad aris cnobili qarTul istoriografiaSi. magaliTad, sulxan-sabas Tu verwmunebiT bisoni, - "samoseli ars vrceli samefo, gina samRvdelo patiosani Sesamoseli", "bisoni da porfiri ars sisxlisferi mefeTa da mRvdelmTavarTa samoslad. moaswavebs, raTa dasTxion sisxli maTi, viTarca qristeman erisTvis." rogorc vxedavT, saba aq ara marto porfirisa da bisonis daniSnulebas ganmartavs, aramed axsnasac gvaZlevs, Tu ratomaa porfiri sisxlisferi. saqarTvelos mefis giorgi XII porfiris Sesaxeb informcias i.WavWavaZesTanac vxvdebiT. ilias sityviT, giorgi mefisaTvis "kovalenskis gamoatana imperatorma pavlem... samefo porfiri yaryumis bewvisa, Svindisfer xaverdis sapireTi" TavisTavad igulisxieba, rom saqarTvelos mefes gamougzavnidnen misi Rirsebis Sesafer, e. i. qarTvel mefeTa samoss, maT Soris porfirs, romelsac, ilias mowmobiT, yaryumis bewvis sarCuli da Svindisferi sapire hqonia. Zneli SesamCnevi ar aris, rom swored amnairi porfiri aqvs wamosxmuli jvris monasterSi gamosaxul pirovnebas. porfir-bisonis forma da daniSnuleba kargad aris ganxiluli iv. javaxiSvilis, n. CofikaSvilis, v. ciciSvilis naSromebSic. zogierTi mkvlevari ki freskaze gamosaxul pirovnebaze msjelobs, rogorc sasuliero pirze, ufro metic, maTi azriT (mag. pr. ratianis), aq SoTa, mRdelmTavradac warmogvidgeba. da marTlac, mocemuli samosiT mefe an mRvdelmTavari unda yofiliyo Semosili, magram SoTas mRvdelmTavrobas TviTon misi Semoqmedeba gamoricxavs, romlisadmic qarTul sasuliero pirTa mniSvnelovan wreSi uaryofiTi ganwyoba igi ekuTvnoda hereTis bagrationebs, romlebsac aseTi prerogativa TiTqos "datovebuli hqondaT rogorc saqarTvelos samefo gvaris ganStoebas, rogorc hereTis mxaris yofili mefeebis STamomavalT". aseTi mosazreba ki mcdari unda iyos, radganac bagrationTa dinastiis gvirgvinosani warmomadgenlebi, sastikad aRkveTdnen xolme, Tundac samefo ojaxis wevrebis, gazrdil ambiciebs (mag. cvatas, demnas momxreTa gamosvlebis usastikesi aRkveTa), miT umetes, sxva Stos warmomadgenlebs msgavs prioritetul mdomareobaSi ar Caayenebdnen, aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom imave p. ingoroyvas cnobis mixedviT, SoTas didi papa, hereTis bagrationTa warmomadgeneli grigol II, 1177-78 ww. mefe giorgi III winaaRmdeg mowyobil msxvil ajanyebaSi monawileobda. freskaze gamosaxuli "rusTaveli", Tu arc did moxele da arc samRvdelo piri brZandeboda, maSin vin iyo? Cndeba kiTxva, Cveni azriT, mocemuli portreti SoTa rusTavelis saerTod ar aris, Tu is arc religiur pirs da arc mefis vazirs ekuTvnis, maSin mxolod erTaderTi varianti rCeba, romlis mixedviTac, am freskaze oqros xanis saqarTvelos erTerTi gvirgvinosania gamoxatuli! vin SeiZleboda bagration mefeTagan, am periodSi ierusalimis jvris monastris kedelze gamoesaxaT? daviT IV-isa da giorgi III-is freskebi gvaqvs da aranair msgavsebaze ar SeiZleba laparaki iyos, daviT V da giorgi laSac axalgazrdebi gardaicvalnen da Sesabamisad rCeba demetre I, romlis saxelis ararseboba freskaze garkveuli usafrTxoebis mizniT SeiZleba aixsnas, SeuZlebelia yofiliyavi qristianobis "wina burji", "mesiis maxvili" saqristianos mterTaTvis da mtrad mokidebuli ar gyoloda mTeli mahmadianuri samyaro, romelic ase axlos iyo ierusalimTan. ase rom, Cemi azriT, ierusalimis jvris monastris kedlidan uflisaken mi pyrobili, aseTi cocxali da Wkviani TvalebiT SoTa rusTaveli ki ara, aramed didad Rvawlmosili, qarTvelTa moxucebuli mefe demetre I gviyurebs! giorgi bainduraSvili

sufevda. am mxriv, niSandoblivia klerikalurad ganwyobili mwerlis timoTe gabaSvilis azri SoTaze, rom TiTqos igi iyo "mTqmeli leqsTa borotTa, romelman aswavla qarTvelTa siwmindisa wil boroti bilweba da garyvna qristianoba" da, marTlac, rusTavelis "vefxistyaosani" ar warmoadgens imdroindeli qristianuli Teosofiis debulebebis mixedviT Seqmnil nawarmoebs. SoTas, romelic Tavis didebul qmnilebaSi umReris ara marto siyvarulsa da megobrobas, aramed vaJkacobasa da pirdapirobas, ar SeeZlo, erTis mxriv, TvalTmaqcurad mRdelmTavris samosi moergo, meore mxriv ki, asketuri qristianuli Teologiis TvalsazrisiT saeWvo nawarmoebis Seqmna. rusTavelis msgavs pirovnebebs Zalian mcire raodenobiT Tu gamoimetebs gangeba kacobriobisTvis da isinic swored iq dganan fexmoucvlelad, sadac unda idgnen. amasTan, Tu freskaze gamosaxuli pirovneba mRvdelmTavaria, maSin, Cemi azriT, aucileblad iqneboda gamoyenebuli religiuri simbolika da am mRvdelmTavris (SeiZleba sakmaod cnobilis) saxelic warwerili. cnobili mecnieri S. amiranaSvili miuTiTebs, rom rusTvelis Tavsaburavi "mefis gvirgvinis saxisaa" da rom "am saxis gvirgvini mitra aqvs daviT aRmaSenebels gelaTis mxatvrobaSi". p.ingoroyvas mosazrebiTac, rusTvelis tansacmeli ufro samefos hgavs, vidre vazirisas, magram igi amis marTebul axsnas ver gvaZlevs, misi azriT, "garegani pativis aseTi gansakuTrebuli niSani samefo rangisa, rogoric iyo porfiris samosis tareba", SoTas miniWebuli hqonda imitom, rom

V F V E K B

"ucnauria aferadebuli sisrule Zveli Tbilisisa!.. aq, Zveli Tbilisis gulis siRrmeSi, gamoCnda bunebrivi veZa ­ ankara wyaro da dasawyisi jadosnuri lamazi poeziisa. me Sevsvi es wyaro orive xeliT da vamayob, rom Cems ZarRvebSi misi madliani nakadi mCqefarebs. ...me Tbilisi miyvars... miyvars es poeziis Zveli akvani, es dardimanduli bohema, es saqarTvelos mTrTolvare guli..." ioseb griSaSvili aSuRuri poezia saqarTveloSi, uwinares yovlisa, TbilisSi, meTvramete saukuneSi ganviTarda. Zvel TbilisSi niSnoba, qorwili, naTloba, sauflo dResaswaulebi, nebismieri qeifi Tu lxin-mejlisi ­ aSuRisa da sazandaris gareSe ar imarTeboda. aSuRebi ­ mgosanni-improvizatorni ­ leqsebs Txzavdnen, hangs uwyobdnen da sxvadasxva musikalur instrumentze asrulebdnen. isini qalaqis sociasxvadasxva drois qarTveli moRvaweni da poetebi. misi Semoqmedebis pirveli Semswavleli Teimuraz batoniSvili wers: "Tumca litoni stixebia mdabiurs gvarzed, magram didad mosawoni". cnobili istorikosis platon ioselianis azriT, saiaTnova iyo "cnobili gvami, gamoCenili moleqse". profesori aleqsandre xaxanaSvili ki aSuRze brZanebs: "erekle mefis dros, besikis garda, sasimRero leqsebiT saxeli gaiTqva erTma Raribma somexma, xelobiT feiqarma savaTnavam". msgavsi Sefasebebis moxmoba dausruleblad SeiZleba... gasakviri sulac ar aris, rom SemdgomSi saiaTnovas uamravi mimdevar-mimbaZveli gamouCnda: giviSvili, skandarnova, hazira, Semdeg: ganjiskareli, beCara da sxvani, magram maTgan yvelaze popularuli oboli qarTveli ­ ieTim gurji gaxda. gamarjoba Cemo Tbilis qalaqo ieTimis (dabRiSvili) winap-

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gurji mReriso: "kargi iyo ar gamecan Tavidan Sua zRvaSi gadamagde navidan"... aleqsi barnovi igonebs: "ieTim-gurjs ganurCevlad uyvarda yvela eris xalxi, magram ar esiamovneboda, Tu mas vinme sxva eris kacad "monaTlavda". am ambavSi me erTma faqtma damarwmuna. es iyo veris parkSi 1928 wels. musikosi ­ momRerali xaCika talgaukovi (Semdeg medudukeTa ansamblis xelmZRvaneli) da daTa zubiaSvilis Svilebi erTmaneTs eniZlavebodnen: ukanasknelni ambobdnen, ieTimi qarTveliao, xaCika ki ar eTanxmeboda maT da ambobda, somexiao. am dros baRSi mec mivedi. roca monaZleveebma daminaxes, Cemken gamoeSurnen da, rogorc ieTimis axlo megobars, mkiTxes misi erovneba. me pasuxi ver gaveci, vinaidan am sakiTxze ieTimTan arasodes milaparaknia. ieTimgurji am dros sadRac iyo wasuli da roca movida, SevekiTxe,

cfmfhsdtkjc vtabc cfpfylfhb dfh!

luri dabali fenis warmomadgenlebi iyvnen da TavianT leqs-simRerebSi, bunebrivia, ZiriTadad, ubralo xalxis suliskveTebas gamoxatavdnen. Tumca, aSuRebi uyvardaT rogorc mdabio, ise maRali wodebis warmomadgenlebsac. mefes sasaxlis karze usaTuod aSuRic hyavda. erekle meoresac ­ patara kaxs ­ hyavda aSuRi, tomiT somexi ­ saiaTnova. aSuRTa Soris saiaTnovam gansakuTrebuli popularoba moipova da udidesi zegavlena moaxdina mis Tanadroul da Semdgomi Taobebis aSuRTa Semoqmedebaze. mas garkveuli damsaxureba qarTuli literaturaSic miuZRvis. igi qarTul poeziaSi muxambazuri leqsis damamkvidreblad iTvleba. meTvramete saukuneSi saqarTveloSi uamravi aSuRi iyo, magram, rogorc rusi mwerali valeri briusovi wers, "rac saiaTnovamde gaukeTebiaT mis winamorbedebs, saiaTnovas Saravandedis winaSe ararad mosCans". legendis Tanaxmad, saiaTnova rom erTs SemosZaxebda, haerSi bulbuli qvavdeboda, raTa yuri miegdo da SeeTvisebina mgosnis simRera. sityva "aSuRi" arabuli warmoSobisaa (aSiyi, aSiki) da mijnurs, motrfiales anu siyvarulis mgosans niSnavs. swored siyvarulis mgosani iyo saiaTnova, magram imavdroulad, mefe erekles avangarduli laSqris mebrZolic gaxldaT da iq, sadac saqarTelos bedi da ubedoba wydeboda sazandaris dakvriT miuZRoda razms da qarTvel meomrebs umZimes wuTebSi, gamarjvebis imeds uRvivebda. saiaTnovas cxovrebis Sesaxeb Zalian mcire masala arsebobs. danamdvilebiT dabadebisa da gardacvalebis wlebic ki ar viciT. zogierT avtobiografiul cnobas isev mis leqsebsa Tu maT minawerebSi vxvdebiT. aSuRis gvaric ucnobia, saiaTnova, aSuRuri tradiciisamebr, SerCeuli fsevdonimia, saxelad ki aruTina rqmevia. "saqarTvelos mefis sazandari var! saiaTnovas, aruTinas ityvian". yofila Tbiliseli. "Cemi samSoblo Tbilisia, mxare qarTlisa, deda avlabreli myavs, mama ki alepoeli", ­ gvamcnobs erT azerbaijanul leqsSi. sxvagan ki ambobs: "me miRdisas Svili var". miRdisas uwodebdnen mas, vinc ierusalims yofila da macxovris saflavze ulocnia. xelmokleobis gamo ganaTleba ver miuRia. Txzavda da mReroda sam enaze ­ qarTulad, somxurad da azerbaijanulad. somxur da azerbaijanul leqsebs qarTuli asoebiT werda. qarTuls, somxurTan erTad, mSobliur enad Tvlida. xelosani gaxldaT, Tumca misi ZiriTadi profesia aSuRoba iyo. Tavad mTxzveli, Tavadve damkvreli, Tavadve mRerali da hangisac Tavad Semwyobeli. jer TbilisSi cxovrobda, Semdeg ­ TelavSi. daaxloebiT 1762-65 wlebSi erekle meoris samefo karis sazandari iyo, sadac didi aSuRuri saxelisTvis miuRwevia da mefis pativiscema daumsaxurebia. magram, male, ucnobi mizezis gamo, patara kaxi aSuRs Semomwyrala da sasaxlidan dauTxovia. Turme saiaTnova Zalian ganicdida mefis karidan gaZevebas da samarTals eZebda. SemdgomSi saiaTnova saingiloSi, kaxSi, mRvdlad gaumwesebiaT. meuRlis gardacvalebis Semdeg, berad aRkvecila axpatis monasterSi, Tumca, drodadro, kvlav gamoCndeboda TbilisSi da aSuRTa paeqrobaSic monawileobda. cxadia, gamarjvebuli yovelTvis igi gamodioda da mowinaaRmdegis musikaluri sakravi, tradiciisamebr, misi kuTvnileba xdeboda. legendis Tanaxmad, saiaTnova 1795 wlis seqtemberSi daiRupa, aRa-mahmad-xanis mier Tbilisis aoxrebis dros. rodesac aRa-mahmad-xans Tbilisi auRia, is Turme eklesiaSi loculobda. gaugia Tu ara mtris moaxloeba, jvari auRia da, eklesiis karibWesTan mdgars, orstriqoniani leqsi uTqvams: "ar vuRalateb Cemsa iesos, ar davuteveb taZarsa wmindas!" es aSuRis ukanaskneli sityvebi yofila. ...saiaTnova TaTris moednis Tavze wamomarTul cixis eklesiad wodebul surfgeorqis taZris ezoSi daukrZalavT da dRes eklesiis kedelSi Casmul Savi marmarilos dafaze oqros asoebiT aSuRis sami striqonia amokveTili: "Cemi wyaro sxva wyaroa, yvelas ar ZaluZs misi daleva". "Cemi simRera sxva simReraa, yvela ver mixvdeba, yvela ver gaigebs". "Cemi saZirkveli qviSazeda agebuli ki ar gegonoT! ­ Cemi saZirkveli agebulia qarafovan kldezed naWedi duRabiTa da qviTkiriT." saiaTnovas poezia, ZiriTadad, satrfialo Temas dastrialebs, magram aqvs saxotbo, didaqtikur-moralisturi, satiruli da sasuliero leqsebic. saiaTnovam kargad icoda Tavisi, rogorc ostatis da moleqse-gamomTqmel-Semsruleblis fasi da amitom uTqvams TelavSi mavani mopaeqresTvis: "mas nu ityvi ­ sazandari vina var! ana-bana vici, sityviT wina var, saiaTnova mqvian, aruTina var, sityvas vityvi, cam quxili daiwyos!" saiaTnovas didad afasebdnen rebi osmalebs erT-erTi Semosevis dros tyved wausxamT, sadac, maTTvis gurjebi SeurqmeviaT. ukan, TbilisSi, dabruneba ieTimis mamas ibrahims mouxerxebia. aSuRi 1875 wels TbilisSi dabadebula da radgan Tvistomni ar hyavda mamas vaJisTvis ieTimi, oboli, daurqmevia. TiTqos saxeli deabedao ­ TxuTmeti wlis asakSi ded-mama gardacvlia da, umcros dasTan erTad, xarfuxidan metexis ubanSi, patara oTaxSi gadasula sacxovreblad. musikaluri sakravebis erT ostatTan damdgara Segirdad da sakravebis keTeba Seuswavlia. mefis jarSi gawvevis dros samsaxurze uari uTqvams, gaparula da Tavi xabazebisTvis Seufarebia, magram male SeupyriaT da, iZulebiT, JitomirSi gaugzavniaT samxedro begaris mosaxdelad. aqidanac gamoparula da jer odesaSi, Semdeg baTumSi da bolos baqoSi cxovrobda malulad. 1906 wels ieTimi kidev erTxel daiWires da amjerad poloneTSi, volinis guberniis dubnos cixeSi gaagzavnes. sasjelmoxdil ieTims TbilisSi cxovrebis ufleba mxolod 1916 wels misces da ukan mobrunebuli aSuRi ase miesalma sayvarel qalaqs:

"gamarjoba, Cemo Tbilis qalaqo, dakarguli Seni Svili movedi, saqarTvelos miwa-wyalo, alago, Tormeti wlis gatanjuli movedi".

ra erovnebisa xar-meTqi. ieTims Zalian ewyina Cemi aseTi moulodneli SekiTxva da miTxra, amas Sen ar mekiTxebio! mixvda da mec vuTxari, rogorc iyo saqme. Sevatyve, ar esiamovna, dauZaxa xaCikas da, miuxedavad imisa, rom mas pativs scemda, mkacrad usayvedura. ­ me rom qarTveli var da ieTim-gurji var ­ es Cems simRerebSi naTlad aris gamoxatulio"... ieTimi 1940 wels, 65 wlis asakSi gardaicvala. xalxma misi neSti avlabridan vakis sasaflaomde xeliT miasvena da, rogorc Tavad iTxovda, mis sasaxles miwis miyramde zevidan Savi nabadi gaadafares: "ieTim-gurjsa ama soflad araferi abadia, erTmaneTsa ar vSordebiT me da Cemi nabadia zed kuboze damafareT isev Cemi nabadia" aSuRoba, qarTul sinamdvileSi, epoqis damaxasiaTebeli movlena iyo. aSuRebi gasaocari intuiciiT iTvisebdnen da gadmogvcemdnen imJamindel sazogadoebriv gancdebsa da miswrafebebs. isini rom ar yofiliyvnen, bevri Cveni Zveli simRera, hangic da teqstic daviwyebas miecemoda.

tician tabiZe ieTim-gurjze werda: "Cvens dReebSi, sxvebTan erTad, ufro warCinebulad da uSualod ganagrZobs saiaTnovas aSuRuri poeziis xazs ieTim-gurji, romelsac poetis saxels veravin waarTmevs, ise, rogorc Tars da Wianurs ar waerTmeva simReris Zala". nabadwamoxurul ieTim-gurjis yovel gamoCenaze da xmis gagonebaze xalxi aRtacebas ver faravda: ieTim-gurji modis! ieTim-

18

"am filmis Semdeg jorj buSis mmarTvelobas bolo moeReba", "bolos da bolos, xalxi naxavs simarTles", "provokatori Soumeni", "populisti" - aseTi radikalurad gansxvavebuli gamoxmaureba mohyva maikl muris gaxmaurebul films "farenheiti 9\11" - jorj buSis saprezidento arCevnebSi kanonier-ukanono gamarjvebaze, mamaSvil buSebis dinastiasa da maT ZirZvel finansur Tu "megobrul" kavSirebze muslimanur samyarosTan, bin ladensa da huseinis ojaxTan. "Cven am omis winaaRmdegi varT! grcxvenodeT, mister buS! grcxvenodeT!" - Cahyviroda mikrofonSi "boulingi kolambinasTvis" miRebuli prizis - "oskaris" asaRebad scenaze asuli muri. roca mTeli msoflio Tvals adevnebda TvalismomWrel da mdidrul samosSi gamowyobil Tavmomwone amerikelebs, erayi amerikuli bombebiT ivseboda. vinaa muri? provokatori? meamboxe xelovani? muri iseve ganTqmulia skandalebiTa da sensaciebisadmi Tavisi uSreti siyvaruliT, rogorc, magaliTad, elton joni - saTvaleebis koleqciiT. am mxriv maikl murma jer kidev liceumSi swavlisas gamoiCina Tavi, rodesac iq arsebuli ganaTlebis sistemis winaaRmdeg wamoiwyo mTeli kampania, rasac sul cota xanSi direqtoris gadadgoma mohyva. male murma daaarsa Jurnali "Flint voice" da daiwyo xmamaRali gancxadebebis gakeTeba qalaqis ama Tu im pasuxismgebel pirebze, monawileobas iRebda mitingebsa da masobriv gamosvlebSi, xSirad Cndeboda ekranze, rogorc am aqciebis aqtiuri monawile. "Mother Jones" - ase erqva Jurnals, romelSic muri muSaobas iwyebs. Tumca, misi, rogorc mTavari redaqtoris kariera TanamSromelTa ukmayofilebis safuZvelze maleve dasrulda. murma aqac gamoiCina Tavi da Jurnals sasamarTloSi uCivla - moraluri zaralisTvis 2 milioni dolaris gadaxda mosTxova. sasamarTlos mier dawesebuli 58 aTasi dolaris miRebis Semdeg es fuli Cado Tavis pirvel, aranakleb xmaurian dokumentur filmSi "rojeri da me". "general motorsi" - msxvili kompania, romelSic muris mama mTeli cxovreba muSaobda, misi filmis mTavari samizne gaxda. ra uflebiT gaaTavisufla kompaniis xelmZRvanelma rojer smitma yovelgvari gafrTxilebis gareSe sawarmos TanamSromelTa umravlesoba? siuJeti, romelmac dokumenturi kinos istoriaSi arnaxuli Semosavali - 25 milioni dolaris mogeba naxa. muri avtoria araerTi kritikuli wignisa: "TavSesafris gareSe", "maikli - kontrSeteva". es ukanaskneli 2001 wlis 11 seqtembris Semdeg gamoica amerikaSi. am wignis oTxi milioni egzemplari gaiyida da yvelaze prestiJul gamocemaTa gverdiT daikava adgili. "me mgoni, amerikas eRirsa gamoRviZeba. rogorc iqna, gamovfxizldiT. "farenheitis" naxvis Semdeg sxvanairad arc SeiZleba iyos", - ganacxada "Marie Claire"-isTvis micemul interviuSi kavSiris "varskvlavebi buSis winaaRmdeg" xelmZRvanelma, holivudis msaxiobma siuzan sarandonma statiaSi, romlis saTauria "gaitaneT buSi". franguli presis xmamaRali saTauri saTaurad darCa. Tu 2 noembris saprezidento arCevnebis SedegebiT vimsjelebT, sarandonis xmamaRali SeZaxilis miuxedavad, amerikam mainc ver gamoiRviZa. mainc ra aris ukve mosabezreblad reklamirebuli 2004 wlis "oqros palmis rtos" mflobeli filmi-propaganda? filmi, romelmac marto amerikaSi 120 milioni dolaris mogeba naxa? muri udavod flobs reJisuras, kontr-paraleluri montaJiT kargad awyobs, amerikuli "sanaxaobis efeqtiT" qmnis films, romlis "TeTri saxlis" personaJebic TamaSs iwyeben. TavisTavad sainteresoa, Tvali miadevno muris mier mopovebul mniSvnelovan vi-

V F V E K B

2-3 weliwadSi davamTavrebT. is 51 procenti, romlmac xma misca buSs, aSkarad informaciul vakuumSi iyo. Cven isev vityviT simarTles. im simarTles, romelsac yvela gulmodgined malavs. Cveni amocanaa, gavfantoT sicruis is burusi, romliTac xelisufleba Tvalebs ubindavs amomrCevels", - ganacxada murma. "farenheiti" araerTxel moqceula yuradRebis centrSi. magaliTad, sul cota xnis winaT kompania "Pantagraph"-ma, romelic amave saxelwodebis gazeTs uSvebs, murs dalebze gaTvlili warmatebis formula aqvs SemuSavebuli, Tavad aRmoCnda damnaSavis adgilze. mas Tavs daesxa avstralieli kolega jorj hitosi, romelic plagiatobaSi sdebs brals. misi sityvebiT, maiklma "farenheitSi" hitosis filmidan "omis saundtreki" (rac, vfiqrob, aravis unaxavs), arc meti, arc naklebi, 17 epizodi gamoiyena. "murma gadawyvita, rom me bednierad CavTvlidi Tavs, Tu is Tavis filmSi am kadrebs Casvamda. me, marTlac, ubednieresi adamiani viqnebodi, rom saerTod ar menaxa eg filmi da iq Cemi kadrebi", - ambobs hitosi. aqve avstralieli reJisori dasZens, rom is ar apirebs, yvelgan muris plagiatobaze xmamaRali gancxadebebi gaakeTos. ara, ubralod, "Tu vinmes gainteresebT, ratom daiwyo eraySi omi, maSin girCevT, "farenheitis" nacvlad Cemi filmi naxoT", - ganacxada reJisorma. aqaoda, muri "oTaxis dokumentalistia", me ki namdvil omSi viyavi da aseT rameebSi murze kargad verkvevio. Tumca, maiklis Tavgadasavlebi amiT ar damTavrebula. roca reJisori sakuTari filmiT mezobel kanadelebs ewvia, iq federaluri arCevnebi tardeboda. premieramde gamarTul preskonferenciaze murs hkiTxes: "Tqveni azriT, vin unda marTavdes qveyanas?" muri aba ris muri iqneboda, pirdapir ar eTqva: "kanadelebo! arCevnebamde Tqven mxolod oTxi dRe dagrCaT. manamde naxeT Cemi filmi da dafiqrdiT, gindaT ki aseTi qveyana? Tu gindaT, maSin xma mieciT mister herpers". saqme ki is iyo, rom, adgilobrivi kanonis Tanaxmad, arCevnebze da, miT umetes, romelime kandidatze, sajaro adgilebSi azris xmamaRla dafiqsireba, yovelgvari agitacia akrZalulia da kanoniT isjeba. amitom politikosebma murs sasamarTloSi uCivles da misTvis naxevari wliT Tavisuflebis aRkveTa da jarimis - 2 aTasi dolaris gadaxda moiTxoves. salome kikaleiSvili

oh, es maikl muri!

deomasalas, magram, cota ar iyos, gamaRizianebelia, roca avtori mayurebels Tavs axvevs sakuTar pozicias. miuxedavad imisa, rom buSis xelmeored arCevam aSkarad ar gaamarTla muris imedebi da winaswar gaTvlili filmis politikuri Sedegebi, amboxebuli muri mainc ar apirebs Serigebas. sul axlaxan man ganacxada, rom iwyebs "farenheitis" gagrZelebis gadaRebas - "farenheiti 9\11 da 1\2". es iqneba srulmetraJiani dokumenturi filmi, romelic, savaraudod, momavali arCevnebisTvis gamova ekranebze. siuJeti igive rCeba - eraySi buSis politikis kritika da 11 seqtembris movlenebi. "Cven axla viwyebT gadaRebebs da, albaT,

brali dasdo faqtebis damaxinjebaSi. organizaciam reJisors mosTxova, sajarod bodiSi moixados da moraluri zaralisTvis milioni dolari gadaixados. saqme ki is iyo, rom, gazeTis TanamSromelTa mtkicebiT, muris filmSi gazeTis "araswori" versiaa gamoyenebuli. erT-erT kadrSi Cans gazeTis qudi da iqve saTauri: "floridis ukanaskneli saarCevno monacemebiT, gaimarjva gorma" (buSgoris wina arCevnebi). redaqcia amtkicebs, rom aseTi saTauriT statia maTTan arasdros dabeWdila. "Tu murs surs Cveni gazeTis redaqtireba, maSin umjobesia, kadrebis ganyofilebas daukavSirdes", acxadeben "dazaralebulebi". muri, romelsac sakuTari, skansternia. gacxovelebul interess am fotoebis mimarT misi gadaRebis TariRi iwvevs - sternma merilini sikvdilamde ramdenime kviriT adre gadaiRo. Tumca, bunebrivia, stumrebi didi interesiT aTvaliereben iseT cnobil da mravaljer nanax kadrebsac, rogoric afrialebuli TeTri kabaa. aris ucnobi da nakleb varskvlavuri kadrebic - merilini saxlSia da wigns kiTxulobs, megobrulad ebaaseba reJisor jon hiustons, cekvavs meore qmarTan artur milerTan. gamofena gaformebulia multimedia prezentaciebiTac. did ekranze stumrebi merilin monros monawileobiT gadaRebul reklamas uyureben da im cnobil simRerasac usmenen, romelic msaxiobma jon kenedis 45-e iubileze 1962 wlis maisSi umRera. Tumca, bruklinis muzeumSi aris erTi foto - yvelaze eqspresiuli da emociuri, romelzec monro saerTod ar aris gamosaxuli. foto robert frenks ekuTvnis da is 1962 wels aris gadaRebuli. kadrSi vxedavT qals, romelic sanapiroze amerikis droSaze wevs. is gazeTs "deili nius"-s kiTxulobs, romlis pirvel gverdzec uzarmazari asoebiT dawerili orad ori sityva Cans: "MARILYN DEAD".

minda, mxolod Sen giyvarde!

I Want to be Loved by You - am sityvebis xsenebaze yvelas merilin monros seqsualuri xma da saxe axsendeba filmidan "jazSi mxolod qaliSvilebi" arian. bruklinis xelovnebis muzeumis stumrebs ki molodini srulad umarTldebaT da gamofenac aseTive saTauriT (I Want to be Loved by You: merilin monros fotoebi) maTze waruSlel STabeWdilebas axdens. "merilin monro kameris win igive iyo, rac Tevzi wyalSi", - Tqva erTxel reJisorma bili uailderma. da marTlac, yvelas iseTi STabeWdileba rCeboda, rom msaxiobs, romelic amerikis kerpad iqca, kameris danaxvaze namdvili dResaswauli udgeboda. gamofena 39 fotografis 200mde fotos warmoadgens. maT Soris arian iseTi didi ostatebi, rogorebicaa - riCard avedoni, gordon parksi, robert frenki da endi uorholi. "warmodgenili eqsponatebi dros uZlebs. isini am mxriv Seufasebelia. merilin monro axalgazrda gardaicvala, amitomac is maradiulad axalgazrda rCeba. dro gadis, merilin monros ki sul ufro meti xibli emateba", - acxadebs gamofenis kuratori merilin keSneri da iqve erT saintereso frazas ambobs: "merilinis urTierToba kamerasTan erT-erTi yvelaze mniSvnelovani iyo, rac ki mas cxovrebaSi hqonia. is kameras aRiqvamda, rogorc megobars". bruklinis xelovnebis muzeumi eqspozicias evoluciis prinicipiT agebs. jer damTvaliereblebi ecnobian patara qalaqSi gazrdil gogonas norma jins, romelic TandaTan, suraT-suraT seqs-qalRmerTad gadaiqceva. magaliTad, 1945 wels gadaRebul fotoze 19 wlis norma long ailendis sanapiroze marto dgas da moajirs eyrdnoba. daaxloebiT aTi wlis Semdeg gadaRebul fotoze ki ukve merilinia Cven winaSe - is niu iorkis centraluri sadguris baqanzea, mis gverdiT mdgom kacs ki verafriT daujerebia, rom cocxal merilin monros xedavs. cxadia, yvela foto Taviseburad sainteresoa, magram yuradRebis epicentrSi mainc leon da mikela konstantinerebis koleqcia xvdeba - 59 suraTisgan Semdgari krebuli, romlis avtoric bert

V F V E K B

pensilvaniis avenius 1600-e nomeri vaSingtonis siamayea. am misamarTze gadaSlil rezidencias TeTri saxli hqvia da aveniuze moseirne TiToeul amerikels saSualeba aqvs gverdiT Cauaros ezos, romlis iqiTac qveynis pirveli piri cxovrobs. Tumca, es yvelaferi ar aris. TeTri saxli erTgvari muzeumicaa - amerikis politikisa da am politikis mwarmoebeli liderebis cxovrebis amsaxveli; metic, is unikaluri muzeumia - maSin, roca am kedlebSi amerikuli politikuri istoriis Seqmna axlac grZeldeba, paralelurad 1600-e saxli cnobismoyvare stumrebs iRebs. yoveldRiurad gidebs rezidenciaSi daaxloebiT 6 aTasamde mnaxveli SehyavT. TeTri saxli dabalsarTulian da nestian, magram mainc myudro da sayvarel vaSingtonSi arqiteqturuli TvalsazrisiTac gamoirCeva. albaT, pirvel rigSi, imitom, rom Zalian TeTria. am qaTqaTa fasadis SesanarCuneblad daaxloebiT 570 galon saRebavs xarjaven. misi aSeneba 1793-1801 wlebSi jeims hobans miandes. 1814 wels rezidencia daiwva. 18241829 wlebSi ki mas galereebic miumates. axla TeTri saxlis arqiteqturis statistika aseTia: 6 sarTuli, 132 oTaxi, 32 abazana, 412 kari, 147 fanjara, 28 buxari, 7 kibe da 3 lifti. TeTri saxlis samzareuloSi sruli ganakveTiT muSaobs xuTi mzareuli, romelTac 140kaciani sadilis momzadeba SeuZliaT, ubralo sauzmiT ki aTasamde stumarsac iolad gaumaspinZldebian. TeTr saxls, aseve, aqvs CogburTis korti, sarbeni biliki, sacurao auzi, kino-Teatri, biliardis darbazi da boulingis bilikebi. ai, am saxlSi cxovrobda ukanaskneli oTxi weli jorj buSi da am saxlSi yofna kidev oTxi wliT gaixangrZliva. Tumca, rogorc ar unda momxdariyo, faqtia, rom TiToeuli amerikelisTvis am istoriul SenobaSi cxovreba didi pativia. am saxlSi xom sakuTari mdidari istoriiTa da warsuliT TiTqmis TiToeuli oTaxi gamoirCeva. gamoviyenoT momsaxureba, romelsac TeTri saxlis oficialuri veb-gverdi gvTavazobs da am oTaxebSi virtualuri turi gavmarToT. daviwyoT saxlis centridan: lurji oTaxi: es darbazi rezidencis umniSvnelovanesi nawilia. mas unikaluri - ovaluri forma aqvs da iqidan SesaniSnavi xedi iSleba. iqaurobas gansakuTrebul xibls yvavilebi aniWebs. es tradicia 1886 wlidan iRebs saTaves, roca lurj oTaxSi prezidentma klivlendma da frensis folsomma iqorwines. im dRes lurji oTaxi titebiT, orqiwinaSe wardgeboda. aRmosavleTi oTaxi: qalbatoni adamsi am oTaxs sarecxis saSrobad iyenebda, is da jon adamsi xom axlad dasrulebuli saxlis pirveli binadrebi iyvnen. Tomas jefersonma ki es oTaxi Tavisi mrCevlis pirad kabinetad aqcia, jeims medisonma - sakuTar kabinetad. mokled, am farTs Tavidanve daebeda, rom sxvadasxva binadris pirobebSi sxvadasxva funqcia SeeTavsebina. da marTlac, wlebis ganmavlobaSi mas xan miRebebisTvis iyenebdnen, xan -

19

gadaRebiT aravin Rebavs, Tumca...

'dtkf sfdbc zrefpt

fsfvfit,c fv cf[kc

deebiTa da TeTri narcisebiT gaavses, prezidenti klivlendi ki gaxda pirveli da jerjerobiT erTaderTi prezidenti, romelmac TeTr saxlSi iqorwina. lurji oTaxi prezidentebis oficialuri Sexvedrebis epicentria. aq miuRiaT mefeebi da ucxo qveynebis pirveli pirebi. swored am oTaxSi msjelobdnen buSi da bleri terorizmis Sesaxeb, sanam buSi 2001 wlis 20 seqtembers istoriuli sityviT kongresis

panaSvidebisTvis, xanac - preskonferenciebisTvis. metic, erTxel prezidentma uidrou uilsonma iq kinoTeatri moawyo, Jaklin kenedi ki iq warmodgenebs marTavda. buSis pirobebSi aRmosavleT oTaxSi mniSvnelovan sakanonmdeblo aqtebs ewereba xeli. Tumca, iqve prezidentsa da pirvel ledis diuk elingtonis xelovnebis skolis moswavleebic miuRiaT. di plomatTa oTaxi: 1939 wlis ivnisis cxel dilas pensilvaniis aveniuze ori Ria limuzini gaCerda. manqanebidan prezidenti ruzvelti, pirveli ledi eleonori, britaneTis mefe jorji da dedofali elisabedi gadmovidnen. maT samxreTi galerea gaiares da ramdenime wuTSi di plomatTa misaReb oTaxSi ganmartovdnen. ovaluri formis sivrcem britaneTis mefe-dedofals TeTri saxlis Sesaxeb mSvenieri pirveli STabeWdileba Seuqmna. amas ki didi mniSvneloba hqonda isini xom iyvnen britaneTis samefo ojaxis pirveli warmomadgenlebi, romelTac TeTr sax-

lSi Seabijes. am myudro da lamaz oTaxs franklin ruzveltic did pativs scemda. swored aqedan gadaicemoda misi cnobili radio-mimarTvebi, romelic "buxrispira saubrebiT" iyo cnobili. aqauroba moswonT col-qmar buSebsac. isini di plomatTa oTaxSi sapatio stumrebsac xSirad iReben, magaliTad, poloneTis prezidents aleqsander kvasnievskisa da mis meuRles iolantas. rukebis oTaxi: is di plomatTa oTaxis gverdiT mdebareobs. meore msoflio omis wlebSi ruzvelti mas e.w. "omis oTaxad" iyenebda. detaluri da didi rukebi prezidents naTel warmodgenas uqmnida omis progresirebis Sesaxeb. Semdeg wlebSi rukebis oTaxi prezidentis anda pirveli ledis piradi misaRebi oTaxi iyo. is ingliseli avejis dizaineris Tomas Ci pendeilis stilSia gadawyvetili da mnaxvelze did STabeWdilebas axdens. mooqrovili, oqros oTaxi: oficialuri Sexvedrebis dros,

aq ikribebian xolme pirveli ledi da misi stumari qalebi. aqve inaxeba TeTri saxlis oqrosa da mooqrovili vercxleulis koleqcia, romelic TeTr saxls 1956 wels margaret tomfson bidlma gadasca. faifuris oTaxi: isic di plomatTa oTaxis gverdiT mdebareobs da TeTri saxlis faifuris umSvenieres koleqcias inaxavs. aqaa warmodgenili nensi reiganis wiTeli da oqrosferi WurWeli da bes trumanis momwvano-mooqrosfro faifuric. am oTaxs unikalurobas sZens is garemoba, rom koleqciaSi TiTqmis yvela prezidentia warmodgenili. nivTebi qronologiuradaa dalagebuli da gansakuTrebiT Wris Tvals qalebs. mwvane oTaxi: mas saxeli jon quinsi adamsma daarqva, radgan Tomas jefersonis dros iataki mwvane xaliCiT iyo dafaruli. am oTaxs mravali mwuxareba axsovs. 1862 wlis 24 Tebervals gardaicvala abraam linkolnis vaJi uili, romelic mwvane oTaxSi daasvenes, panaSvidi ki iqve, aRmosavleT oTaxSi gadauxades. samiode wlis Semdeg gradaicvala abraam linkolnic. misi panaSvidic aRmosavleT oTaxSi gaimarTa. mwvane oTaxSi kalmis erTi mosmiT moawera xeli jeims medisonma qveynis pirvel omis deklaracias. wiTeli oTaxi: es oTaxi ase 1840-ian wlebSi moinaTla. patara zomisa da gamorCeuli feris gamo, is prezidentebisa da pirveli ledebis favoriti male gaxda. metic, is socialuri gardaqmnebis epicentradac iqca. 1933 wels, meuRlis inauguraciidan maleve, elonor ruzveltma swored aq gamarTa Tavisi pirveli preskonferencia reportiori qalebisTvis. radganac prezidentis preskonferenciebs manamde qalebs ar aswrebdnen, pirveli ledis am nabijma socialuri tabu moxsna da TeTri saxlis kari qali JurnalistebisTvisac gaaRo. es oTaxi gansakuTrebulad uyvarda Jaklin kenedisac...

gazeTis Semdeg nomerSi reportaJi:

redaqtoris mivlineba vaSingtonSi

20

V F V E K B

rogor minda gagesaubro, deda! ratom ar mSordeba ager ukve ormocdamecxre weliwadia, TiTqmis yoveldRe, Senze fiqri da naRveli? hau, ra dro gasula! wuTia Cveni sofeli, wuTi. magram mainc yvelaferi xom SedarebiTia, ukve naxevari saukunea, uSenod vcxovrob. ici gamoviangariSe, exla Senze 17 wliT didi var. rogor meSinia, aravis gaeRimos, ra dros magis dedaao. albaT marTalic iqneba, magram, ra vqna, Tuki Cemi SenTan yofnis dro maSin damTavrda, roca me 19 viyavi, Sen ki ­ 45. aki agixda naTqvami, Cemi umcrosi 18-is rom gaxdeba, manamde mainc macocxla. xval 3 martia, dedis dRe. aucileblad moval Sen saflavze da, Tu sadme viSovne, Sen sayvarel mimozebs mogitan. imTaviTve susti iyavi. zamTris bolo Tves zRvaze atarebdi; swored martis dasawyisSi brundebodi Sin. RmerTo, sixarulis rogori "Tavzari" dagvecemoda xolme samives (Svilebs), Ria karSi rom gamoCndebodi mimozebis uzarmazari TaiguliT xelSi. kiskisebdi, gulSi gvikravdi, mere ratomRac uecrad atirdebodi. mama, TiTqos faifurisa iyavi, ise gagwevda gverdze, kargi olol ra mogivida, xom xedav, samive kargad dagaxvedreo. qmris nebiera, maSinve gadaikarebdi, forToxlisa da mandarinis surneli agdioda (Tan Camogqonda). ra bednierebi viyaviT maSin yvelani! mere... mere iyo 37 weli... umamoni Ria cisqveS aRmovCndiT. uSvilo biZa-mamidebma dagvinawiles, Sen isev tirodi, oRond sixarulisgan ara; ver gavZeliT, Sensken gamoviwieT. Tqven ZmisSvilebi xarTo, abuzRundnen mamidebi. yvelas patiebas Txovdi, dedasTan undaT, ratom gikvirTo. ara, ar ukvirdaT, magram mainc brazobdnen. biZam Segvikedla, filosofosi kaci iyo, rogorc axla ityvian, Tavisuflad moazrovne. gaxsovs, manamde agina stalini, vidre ar gaacimbires! davrCiT ori ojaxi upatronod. mere iyo omi ­SimSili, sicive, siRatake... Sen or adgilze muSaobdi; avadmyofi, susti, mimqrali. me da Cemi daiko, 6 saaTi rom moawevda, fanjris rafaze CamovsxdebodiT beRurebiviT. maSin axlandel WavWavaZis gamzirze tramvai dadioda. Cven barnovze vcxovrobdiT, mrgval baRTan. rom icode, axlac mrgval baRTan vcxovrobT, mcxeTis quCis dasawyisSi. rogor gavixare, roca bina iq miviReT _ Cemi bavSvobis alags davubrundi. yoveldRe vxedavdi naTesavebs, mezoblebsa da nacnobebs. davbrundi iq, sadac, miuxedavad mware bavSvobisa, yvela saxli Tu kenWi nacnobi, axlobeli da sayvareli iyo. hoda, imas vambobdi, visxediT beRurebiviT da vJRurtulebdiT. barnovze tramvais gruxuni da zaris wkriali mkafiod aRwevda. maSin xom ar iyo amdeni manqana da guguni! ai, axla rom tramvai mova, deda imas mohyveba, ityoda dodo. gaCumdi, gogo, tuCebze vadebdi xels, ki ar mohyveba, im tramvaiT mova, _ ("mohyveba" cud asociacias iwvevda CemSi). ho, ho, mova, umal mivixedebodi da Tavs miqnevda. gaivlida erTi tramvai... meore... xalxis nakadi amodioda rafiel erisTavis quCiT, deda kidev ara Cans! gvibagunebda orives gulebSi... bolos, rogorc iyo, gamoCndebodi. modiodi moTenTili, daRlili nabijiT, magram welSi gamarTuli da Tavaweuli. Tavasawevi aba, ra gqonda, magram aseTi siaruli icodi. xelSi, rogorc wesi, CanTa geWira, vicodiT, Sig CvenTvis elaga raRaceebi. daginaxavdiT Tu ara, rafidan gadmovfTxialdebodiT da, Sen verc ki xvdebodi, ra SiSi gvqonda orives gadatanili. gadioda wlebi. biZa gasacodavebuli, oTxi kaverniT dabrunda, ase Tqves, gavuSvaT, mainc mokvdeba da barem saxlSi mokvdeso, iRimeboda mwared. ra eqnaT, binis dacla mogvTxoves: im oTaxSi, romelSic Cven vcxovrobdiT, Tu gaaqiravebdnen, 500 maneTs iZleodnen. maSin me-9 klasSi viyavi. vxedavdi, rogor awydebodi kedels: "sad wavide, sad?" erTma RmerTma icis, rogor mecodeboda! samsaxuridan dabrunebuls yvelaferi wesrigSi gxvdeboda _ "Cveni" rva metriani oTaxi _ dawkrialebuli, Raribuli kerZi _ damzadebuli. ranairi TvaliT Semomxedavdi, makvirdebodi; ase mxolod gawamebuli dedebi uyureben Svilebs. metismetad autaneli rom xdeboda cxovreba, lukmas rom veRar Soulobdi, getyodi xolme _ ici ra, deda, kaxeTi momenatra, modi, waval mamidasTan, sagarejoSi. Senc "gjeroda" da meTanxmebodi. mesame, meSvide da meTerTmete klasebSi iq vswavlobdi. saboloo jamSi, araferi damikargavs. marTlac rom Semiyvarda da dRemde Zalian miyvars kaxeTi, Cemi iqauri nacnob-megobrebi. kaxeTSi iseTi megobroba da xelis gawvdena ician, Tu giwames, unda icode, aRarasodes giRalateben. saqarTvelos sxva kuTxeebSi ar ewyinebaT, yvelgan asea, magram me Cems oblobaze vyvebi da mjera, mimixvdebian... mokled, sadme bina unda gveSovna. ra Zneli iqneboda cxovreba, qveynad keTili adamianebi rom ar arsebobdnen. Senma ministrma, gordeziani iyo gvarad (adgilobrivi mrewvelobis saministroSi muSaobdi arqivariusad), svaneTis ubanSi, boWoriSvilis quCaze erTi Tvramet metriani oTaxi giSovna Tavisi SuSabandiT. oTaxi ufanjro iyo, nestiani. gogoebi kinaRam gavgiJdiTY sixaruliT (kita ukve frontze iyo), Cveni bina gveqneboda, aravin gvetyoda, gadiTo. Sen ki ugunebod Candi. eh, Svilebo, me aq didxans veRar vicocxleb: vakeSi haeriT vZRebodi, aq ki... yvelafers mivxvdiT. im wels omi damTavrda, vaJi saR-salamaTi dagibrunda, gaxarebuli iyavi, magram janmrTeloba ukve imdenad Segerya, rom samsaxurSi "Segamcires" ... mTeli dRe ezoSi ijeqi da Jaketebs qsovdi, raRaciT xom unda gerCina ojaxi? mere viRac qali modioda da gasayidad mihqonda. Cemi mSobliuri skola vakeSi mainc ar mivatove da fexiT davdiodi am siSoreze, transportis fuli rom damezoga. skolidan dabrunebuli, Tuki saqsovi, Cxirebi geWira, maSinve gverdiT mogiskupdebodi. deda, iRliamde mainc momaqsovine ra (iRliis gamoyvana ar vicodi), ise Segexvewebodi, TiTqos mTeli dRe imaze vocnebobdi, rodis daviwyebdi qsovas-meTqi, moqsove, genacvale, gamiRimebdi naRvlianad. axla ki vici, yvelafers vxvdebodi. erT dRes dagaxvela, jibidan bamba amoiRe, pirTan miitane da, bamba sisxliT wiTlad SeiReba... deda! ­ viyvire me. _ ras izam, Svilo, yvelafers unda SeeguoT! ai, ratom axvelebs dodosac, gavifiqre, ara, ara, raRac unda viRono! ­ tvini motorCadgmuliviT mimuSavebda, - vaime, dedas didi dRe ara aqvs, dodoc daiRupeba... konfiskaciis Semdeg mowyaleba moiRes da TeTreuli dagvibrunes. daviwye buxari, skivrSi SemTxveviT gadarCenili didi uxmari sufra aRmovaCine 24 xelsawmendiT. unda gavyido, deda sanatoriumSi gavagzavno. gaxurebuli loyebi mewvoda, yurebi midugdugebda. ho, magram, rogor unda gavakeTo es? 1946 weli idga. fulis reformaze laparakobdnen da mdidrebi ganurCevlad yvelafers yidulobdnen. videqi 17 wlis sanTeliviT gogo da xelSi gazeTSi gaxveuli sufra meWira. videqi da aravis arafers vTavazobdi odesRac kargi mamisgan nasaTuTevi bavSvi. viRac xnieri qali momiaxlovda. ­ ra gaqvs, Svilo, gaxveuli? ­ sufra, - TiTqos danaSaulSi gamomtexeso, ise vupasuxe. mere uecrad gamovcocxldi ­ iciT, didia, 24 xelsawmendiT, zed saidumlo serobaa gamosaxuli, Zalian lamazia! ­ ramdeni ginda, genacvale? aSkarad Sevecode mdidar mandilosans. - ramdenic sagzurs eyofa. raa? ver gaigo qalma. ucbad Zalian Semrcxva Cemi miuxvedrelobis gamo: ai, avadmyofi deda minda gavagzavno sanatorium-

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es kaci ase atirebuli aravis unaxavs... - arc maSin, roca xelidan Wiqa gamostaces da Cai daulies... - da arc maSin, roca almodebuli soxumidan megobari Camousvenes... - arc maSin, roca siyrmidanve Zmadnafics mis gulgrilobaze meoTxe da saboloo infarqti daemarTa... mainc, ra yofila siyvaruli... an rogor atirebs guls? am kadriT gayinulma SeSlilma saxem, da Cems arqivSi SemTxveviT Semonaxulma, adre dabeWdili werilis axla wakiTxvam sul sxvanairad Camafiqra. rogorc kvarcxlbekze Semdgar Zegls Sexedav yvela kuTxiT, mec ase Semaxeda Cveni qveynis yofili prezidentisa da pirveli ledis mier ganvlilma gzam, damaRona kidec... minda, rom Tqvenc dafiqrdeT...

V F V E K B

Si. ­ Cavabare angariSi. swrafi moZraobiT gaxsna CanTa, xeli Cahyo, raRacam gaitkacuna liTonis saketiani safule Tu iyo. ucbad CamiTvala 180 maneTi da aseve ucbad gamSorda. - rogori bednieri da rogori Seuracxyofili videqi milursmuliviT erTi 5 wuTi... vigrZeni, miwa mecleboda, TiTqos fexebi cariel yalibebad meqca, mere ki, TiTqos gavarvarebuli gamdnari tyvia Caasxes, mZimed, Zalian mZimed, Zlivs gadavdgi pirveli nabiji, Semdeg ­ meore, mesame da... mduRare cremlebi wamcda. vtirodi Seuracxyofis gamo, romelsac ar vicodi, ra bedi eloda... - ra gatirebs, genacvale, xom verafers giSveli? ­ gameRriWa viRac kacuna. - gaeTrie! ­ viyvire ucbaT araadamianuri xmiT. iseTi grZnoba mqonda, TiTqos Tvalebi budidan amoxtomas lamobdnen. kacunas aSkarad SeeSinda da ukan daixia: - Cven bodiSi, ar mindoda mewyeninebina. Semdeg kidev ramdeni vewame Sens gadasarCenad, amas sxva dros mogiyvebi. vewame, magram veraferi giSvele. sami wlis Semdeg samudamod davSordiT, dediko! xval aucileblad moval Sens saflavze da mimozebs mogitan. rom ver viSovo? nawili meore* *daibeWda 1 wlis Semdeg deda, axla Ramis sami saaTia. ver iqna, ver daviZine. megona cota wavTvlime-meTqi, magram uecrad raRacam SemakrTo, da aki SarSan dagpirdi, danarCens mere mogiyvebi-meTqi. sityva ver Segisrule, meore marti movida ukve, me ki iqneb Sen gamaRviZe, deda; iqneb Semaxsene, Cemo lamazo gogo, sityvis gatexva rodis icodio. gaxsovs, rogor gsayvedurobdi, ase anu meZaxi, ras ityvian, sircxviliameTqi. gulianad gecineboda, yvela dedas Tavisi Svili lamazi hgoniao. marTali yofilxar, exla mec memarTeba ase. gamaRviZe namdvilad gamaRviZe! raze SevCerdi SarSan? ho fuli rom viSovne da bazridan pirdapir sagzuris sayidlad gaviqeci. axlac Tvalwin midgas is qalbatoni, romelic sagzurs miformebda. iseTi lamazi lurji Tvalebi hqonda! fuli rom gadavawode, raRacnairad Semomxeda, kaSkaSa Tvalebi daaxamxama da Tvlas Seudga; mere isev amomxeda, damakvirda. etyoba, SeeSala, isev Tavidan daiwyo daTvla, roca morCa xelebi nikapqveS amoido. ai, ise suraTs rom iReben xolme da, damacqerda. - ra iyo gogoni, vinmem gawyenina? - ara - viuare swrafad. - maSin Tvalebi ratom gaqvs dasiebuli?! mxrebi aviCeCe da warbebi avZgibe. - arc feri momwons Seni, ratom xar ase gadafiTrebuli?! kita mcxeTaSi muSaobs. ramdenime dRea ar Camosula. Cvenc fuli aRara gvaqvs da sami dRea puri ar gviWamia. dodos veRar vuyureb. Tvals damnaSavesaviT varideb. uceb umZimes gadawyvetilebas viReb: plexanovis dasawyisSi, varancovis xidTan, Cemi Tanaklaselis saqmro atelieSi muSaobs, qudebs keravs. did vitrinafanjarasTan zis TavCaRunuli da santimetriT raRacas zomavs. minaze vakakuneb. Tavi awia, gaognebuli miyurebs, mere TarCamokidebuli, meSinia, nerviulobisgan da sisustisgan ar waviqce. - aRaraferiEeSveleba, yvelaferi daiRupa, morCa! qaqanebs biZaCemi. yeli miSreba, vgrZnob nerwyvs veRar vylapav; ucnaurad - xmamaRla vsunTqav. viRac xnieri kaci gvidgas gverdiT; uneblie mowme xdeba yovelivesi. moridebulad, wynarad, magram mainc raRac mkacrad eubneba: - ratom aSinebT am bavSvs,

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mere). deda, mainc ar mjera rom rame mogiva, mainc imedi maqvs, raRacas vebRauWebi. streptomicini axali Semosulia, mdidrebi da gavlenianebi axerxeben Sovnas. Sen ise gjera am wamlis (marTalica xar) yovel mosvlaze magoneb, iqneb rame iRonoo. isev es oxeri "ra vqna?" bolos vbedav mTavar eqimTan Sesvlas, vemudarebi, iqneb fiziologiuri xsnari mainc gaukeToT, wamaliao (RmerTo ras vkadrulob!). eqims saTvale uWiravs da nerviulad atrialebs, mere makvirdeba: ara, ar movatyuebT, marTla gavukeTebT, magram ra azri aqvs. arc ki vici, mixaria Tu piriqiT. Mmainc imedianad vbrundebi palataSi: - deda wamals gagikeTeben, aucileblad morCebi! mezoblad mwoliare qals ise uxaria, ise... olia, ra kargi gogoebi gyavs! mere, codva ar aris, amaTi patroni rom unda movkvde?! es ki metismetia, saxlSi dabrunebuli loginze vemxobi, tirilis Tavic aRar maqvs. meore dRes isev vadgebi Cems "golgoTas". alayapis karebi ratomRac dauketavT da xalxmravlobaa. maisia, mze isev aWers... viRac mandilosani xels maSvelebs, ra iyo, genacvale? cxviridan or totad sisxli momTqrialebs (isedac anemia maqvs)! laparakoben, xma, TiTqos, sadRac Soridan mesmis. xis skamZelze mawvenen. viRaca iqve, onkanTan mirbis, cxvirsaxocs asvelebs, Sublze madebs; viRac fexebqveS CanTas midebs, rom ukan gadaqanebuli viwve. kari gaaRes, TiTqmis yvela Sevida. is mandilosani miaxlovdeba: - vin giwevs, Svilo, aseTi norCi aq rom dadixar?... neta, Seni deda ra bednieria, ubeduri me var, Senxela qaliSvilTan rom davdivar! oTaxSi Sesuls Seni logini carieli mxvdeba, Tvalebs vamrgvaleb. nu geSinia, meore oTaxSi gadavidao, mamSvideben. mec iqeT mivemarTebi. palataSi rusi "sidelka" iataks recxavs. erTi ki amomxeda da... ui, aq gadmoiyvanes, ese igi yvelaferi morCao... adgilze vSeSdebi. xels iqnev, xma TiTqmis aRara gaqvs, xaviliT meubnebi: - dediko ar daujero, ar SegeSindes, sulelia magan ar icis! meti aRar minaxixar. meore dRes magidaze werili damxvda: "nanuli, deda gardaicvala!" deda aq mTavrdeba SenTan saubari. xom grZnob, rogor miWirs!!! SarSandeli saubari gazeTSi davbeWde, ar velodi iseTi TanagrZnoba miviRe yvelasgan. wels imdeni mimoza momitana nacnobma Tu ucnobma, rom Seni da dodos saflavi uzarmazar Taigulad iqca! mapatios yvelam, kargi adamianebi axlac Zalian bevria... madloba ufals!

mimozebs mogitan, deda!

nanuli SevardnaZe

_ isev kiTxvis niSnad viqeci. sagzuri gamomiwoda, xeli xelze damado. - ui rogori gayinuli gaqvs! ginda Cai dagalevino? _ vigrZeni saxe momeRrica, tuCebi amicaxcaxda. cotac da - kargi genacvale, kargi yvelaferi gasagebia! - vxedavdi, arc mis lurj Tvalebs adga kargi dRe. ra vqna, ase mgonia, adamianebi maSin ufro keTilebi iyvnen. * * * rogorc iqna, daiZra matarebeli soxumisaken. TiTqmis eqvsi Tve dahyavi gulrifSSi. yoveli Tvis bolos erTi ciebcxeleba gvqonda samive da-Zmas atexili, rom kitas xelfasi rogorme hyofnoda Sens sagzurs. Cven riTi vcxovrobdiT? - Cemi sti pendiiT, romelic uceb ixarjeboda. institutidan dabrunebuli dodo mowyenili mxvdeboda, ijda magidaze idayvebdayrdnobili da sadRac Sors iyureboda, arc puri qonda nayidi da arc bazarSi iyo namyofi. raRa damrCenoda, uCumrad viRebdi CanTas, maRaziaSi mivdiodi. vyidulobdi erT kilo Sav purs, gverdiT - komerciulSi 50 gram karaqs da 100 gram yvels da Sin `gamarjvebuli~ saxiT vbrundebodi. vaduRebdi Cais. dodos vusxamdi, sqel, yviTel qaRaldSi gaxveul karaqsa da yvels vxsnidi da sauzmis TefSze mowiwebiT gverdigverd valagebdi. - dodo Wame ra? - ar minda, ar minda, Tavi gamanebe! laslasiT mivdiodi taxtisken wamosawolad. erTxelac vxedav dodo wamodga. Tvalebi swrafad davxuWe, Tavi movimZinare. taxtTan imuxlebs: - gZinavs? gewyina? mapatie ra! RmerTo, rogor mecodeba! - ra unda mewyinos, ubralod daviRale. wamodi Seni Cai, albaT, ukve gacivda. uecrad orive sicils viwyebT, viciniT, viciniT, vbJirdebiT. gze Camocmuli qudi muxlebze uvardeba. yuradRebas ar aqcevs, gareT swrafad gamodis: - ra iyo, ra moxda? - ratom ukvirs ase Cemi danaxva? simwriT ofli jer xelebs misvelebs, mere kefidan kisrisken micuravs; vgrZnob, rogor mececeba kaba beWebze. - valiko ar SegiZlia xuTi maneTi masesxo? - xuTi maneTi? kargi ra, guli ar gamixeTqo, aTi iyos. - ara marto xuTi mWirdeba, male dagibruneb. - ehh! dodo purs zed ar uyurebs. mere, Zalian gvian mivxvdi, ratob ar Wama, ratom Tqva uari. sami dRis uWmel adamians ubralod aRar Sia. * * * deda, ori Tvec ar aris, rac dodos natanji suli Sensken gamofrinda... ramdenadac SemeZlo bolomde vupatrone, RmerTia mowme, araferi damiklia... * * * rogorc iqna dabrundi TbilisSi; axla kargad veRar vigoneb, romeli dagxvdiT sadgurSi, - albaT samive. aRarc yvavilebis Taiguli giWiravs xelSi, arc sixarulis siciltirili gaqvs atexili. sevdianad Semogvcqeri, Sin mosuli pirdapir loginSi wvebi, wvebi, rom aRarasodes wamodge. oTaxSi samni vwevarT ­ Sen, me da dodo. Cemi sawoli Sen TavTan dgas, gaxvelebs dResac ver gamigia, ra saswaulma gadamarCina! * * * yvela imedi gadagvewura; aRaraferi dagvrCenia, garda imisa rom saavadmyofoSi mogaTavsoT. isev me me unda viTavo es saqme. Saliko biZiasTan mivdivar, vexvewebi momexmaros. orives gvaxsendeba, rom erT-erT tubdispanserSi Cveni Soreuli naTesavi Tamar cagareiSvili muSaobs, iqneb mogawyos sadme. tramvai xaTqa-xuTqiT miqris ZnelaZis daRmarTze. win biZaCemi dgas, ukan me - saxelurs

guls raze uxeTqavT, ar gcxveniaT?! - Saliko biZia gons egeba, dabneulia, xan me Semomcqeris, xan Cven Tanamgzavrs. ise sawylad miyurebs. - jandaba Cem Tavs, aba ra vici! ra qnas, cimbirma sul mouRo bolo! tubsaavadmyofos Senoba saburTaloze iyo, Tu ar vcdebi, axla rom "specialistebis" saxls eZaxian, im adgilas. TiTqmis yoveldRe davdivar, xandaxan dodoc damyveba xolme. gazafxulia, ar vici rogor, magram mainc, vSoulob cotaoden karaqs, Tafls da xendrosac ki. yovel misvlaze gvedavebi, gvtuqsav (ratomRac rusulad), meti aRar daginaxoT, aRar moxvideT, gadagedebaTo; kviraSi erTxel mainc gvaxseneb, Cemi dazRvevis fulis gadaxda xom ar dagaviwydaTo. vici, rasac niSnavs es (aki Seni dazRvevis fuliT dagkrZaleT

22

"nu gansjiT sxvis monas, dgas Tu ecema: mas RmerTi hyavs, romelsac ZaluZs SeaCeros misi dacema da aRadginos igi dacemis Semdeg"

`sami didi banakia am qveynad: cocxlebis, mkvdrebis da cocxal-mkvdrebis. Tu bolo oridan erT erTis arCevanze midgeba saqme, mirCevnia mkvdrebSi viyo, vidre cocxal-mkvdrebSi~ - sityvebi Cems Soreul nacnobs ekuTvnis. suliT xelovanma erovnuli moZraobis periodSi iaraRs mohkida xeli. misi ucnauri azrovnebisa ar iyos, bediTa Tu ubedobiT sicocxlec arabunebrivad daamTavra `cixis Signidan gamtexis~ xelSewyobiT da misi sikvdilis mizezic `adamJamis droindeli kacobriobis senia~ albaT. vfiqrob, sikvdilis aseTi formac imitom dasWirda misi amqveynidan wasvlas, rom adamianuri sisusteebis gasabaTileblad imqveyniur samsjavroze, sicocxleSi gakeTebul saRvTo saqmeebs damateboda. erT-erTs gavixsenebdi: jer kidev eklesiaSi sanTlis danTeba riskis fasad rom Rirda, sakuTari mxrebiTa da zurgiT atara zRvis donidan 4100 metrze, gamyinvarebis zonaSi myinvarwveris kalTaze Sefenil beTlemis gamoqvabulisaken mimaval gzaze, aseve sakuTari xeliT amoCuqurTmebuli muxis dafa da iavardqmnil siwmindes karad Seaba, rom frinveelis bumbulsac aRar SeeRwia da xatad dabrZanebuli ilia marTlis gasxivosnebuli saxe ar Seebilwa. Cans, rom adamiani TavisTavSi qristes cxovrebis raRac epizods imeorebs da rani viqnebodiT an vin viqnebodiT, rom `arasodes ekraT xeli, ar esrolaT qva, gverdze Caevlo gaWirvebas, bedis yovelgvar ukuRmarTobas"... amxela Sesavali ki imitom dasWirda Cems gulis xmas, meTqva: `Tqma- arTqmis~ momentSi saTqmeli mec yelze momdgari burTiviT mawuxebs xandaxan da saocrad ar minda cocxal-mkvdrebSi yofna. miTumetes, Tuki saqme Cems sarwmunoebas exeba. Sevecdebi mokrZalebulad Sevbedo baton oTars Cemi saTqmeli: - igi, Cveni televiziis gamocdili muSaki, TiToeuli gadacema uwmindesi cxriliT rom ukontroldeboda, dameTanxmeba, ramdenad daamaxinja sabWourma wlebma adamianTa fsiqologia... Taobebi gadaagvara da ra sazogadoebac Camoyalibda RmerTisakenDzurgiT dgomiT, naTelia. zednaSeni riT gansxvavdeba bazisisagan? davisajeT kidec. ise, rogorc sxva ers sjis ufali am mizeziT. rodis davaRwevT sasjels Tavs, Cvenzea damokidebuli, dangreulis aRdgenas xom dro unda?! magram kaci imediTaa, dacemas aRmavloba mosdevs, esec uzenaesis wyalobiT xdeba (`moixila maRliT wmindiT misiT, zeciT qveynad gardamoixila, raTa Seisminos sulTqmaB SeborkilTa~ fsalmuni101). arc Cems samSoblos akldnen bibliuri moses msgavsi adamianebi... aRviZebdnen miZinebul ers, moZRvravdnen: `viTa mama zecisa iyavn Senc srul~ - ai, Tavi da bolo adamianis cxovrebisa. vis sergei nilusi ra manZili gauvlia, calke adamiania Tu mTeli eri, am sixarulis gzaze, vin ramodenad win wamdgara, vis ramodenad aRfrTovanebuli aqvs sulTa swrafva am gzaze dauRalavad siarulisaTvis, - ai, sawyao, rogorc calke adamianis Rirsebisa, isec mTeli erisa (il. WavWavaZe) da dRes isev cocxlobs komunisturi mmarTvelobis xanaSi saqarTveloSi Camkvdari sulieri cxovreba, grZeldeba ber-monazvnuri moRvaweoba, ojaxebi aRadgenen sagvareulo eklesiebs... rac mTavaria, xalxi erTmaneTisaTvis loculobs, TavisTavad mamulisadmic. iqneb, arc ise Sorsaa is dRe, saxli yoveli vaJkacisa rom aivseba `mziTa da siTboTi, beReli puriT, marani RviniT... guli saTnoebiT. aJrialdeba ezo-kari yoveli qarTvelisa badiSebiT, SvilTa-SvililebiTa da maTi SvilebiT. dauSretel mdinared idinebs bedniereba Cems qveyanaSi, ar moiSleba gonieri eriskaci da mwyemsi saqarTvelois... is Tbilisic isev iTbilisebs, sad yofnac ase enatreba baton oTars. Cemi mTavari saTqmeli ki mel gibsonis films exeba... profesiisa da specialobis Secvlam sxvadasxva mecnierebasTan ziari moiTxova da codnis samyaros uamrav labirinTSi gamatara, da rom ityvian, saiTac wavedi, yvelgan RmerTis rwmenis kedeli damxvda. arcerTi sakacobrio mniSvnelobis nawarmoebi ar Seqmnila religiuri aspeqtis gaTvaliswinebis gareSe. meZneleba, imodena xelovnebaTmcodnes, batoni oTari romaa, raime axali vuTxra, magram Cemi koncefcia mainc minda Camovayalibo. modiT gavSaloT sityva `xelovneba", xeli-xeloba-xelosanixelovani-xelovneba da qarTuli enis ganmartebiTi leqsikoni moviSvelioT. xeli - adamianis sxeulis nawili, Sromis organo; xeloba- saqmianoba, romelic xeliT gawafvas moiTxovs, xelosani - raime saqmis mcodne, xelovani- saqmis zedmiwevniT kargad mcodne, ostati. xelovneba (rogorc skolaSi vaswavliT bavSvebs) mSvenierebis samyaro, romelic savsea musikaluri bgerebiT, ferebiT, mxatvruli sityviT... xolo upirvelesi da udidesi xelovani, RmerTi - kacobriobas srulyofili samyaro rom aCuqa. adamiani, ris adamiania, ukve Seqmnilis da mis garSemo arsebulis Tavis gemoze gadakeTebas Tu ar Seudga, rac dResac grZeldeba, radganac ar SeuZlia qmedebis gareSe da.... WeSmariti xelovneba nebismier ideologias unda gaemijnos. yvela adamians xelovnebis niWi rom hqonoda, arc omi iqneboda, arc Zaladoba. Tumc rogorc ityvian: niRbis morgebac SeiZleba, magaram niRabs Zlieri marjvena unda, radgan Zlieri marjvenis gareSe niRabs bolomde ver moirgeb, ara aqvs mniSvneloba arc fsiqologiur, arc materialur da arc politikur faqtors.

V F V E K B

xelovnebaSi ganviTarebis procesi, iseve rogorc kacobriobis marTvis procesi, uwyvetia. xelovneba bunebasaviT madliania, samyarosaviT Rrma-zRvardaudebeli da ukidegano, mravlisdamtevi da mravlismTqmeli. igi uflis sulis gamonaSuqia, adamianTaTvis boZebuli uZvirfasesi da xelTuqmneli xatia, winaparTagan STamomavlobisaTvis miZRvnili sulieri ziarebis barZimia, siwminde da sagalobelia. amitom xelovani ver daelodeba `ukeTes dros", man unda Seqmnas da iRvawos, sanam dedamiwaze erovnebaTSoris SuRli, imperiuli zraxvebi iqneba, Tundac religiuri rwmenis sababiT. igi borkils ver daidebs, radgan `xelovneba sicocxleze Zlier Sehyvarebia~. rogorc ar SeiZleba xelovnebis erT sibrtyeSi ganxilva, iseve ar SeiZleba miiRos igi yvelam erTgvarad. `bulbuli vards da ekalze Tanaswor momReraliao"- ambobs akaki. xelovnebaSi Caxedul nebismier adamians, romelic antikur epoqas kacobriobis bavSvobis xanad, xorcielebis, zeimis yvavilovnebad Tvlis, uars ver aTqmevineb marTebic, imis da mixedviT ufalTan mimarTebaSi ramdenad icavs xalxi zneobriobis mcnebebs `TiTiTa RmrTisaBTa warwerils". istoriuli qartexilebis simravlec imazea damokidebuli, ramdenad gvinda sakuTari Tavis danaxva, dajereba, rom erTmaneTze ukeTesebi ar varT. gansacdelsac xom amaze dasafiqreblad gvigzavnis ufali da yovel jerze gvaniSnebs, rom borotebas bumerangis Tviseba aqvs... vfiqrob, gibsonma filmSi kvlav brbos arsebobisa da misi warmmarTvelis problema dasva da es aris Tavi da Tavi aRSfoTebuli sazogadoebis simZimisa da ara is, Tu ramdenad Warbobs sisxli ekranze da moqmedebs iesos gminva mayurebelze. brbo kvlav arsebobs yovel qveyanaSi, yovel erSi da saSiSia misi energia. ara mxolod ori aTasi wlis win ewama qriste, igi axlac, yovel wuTs, yovel wams gminavs, roca kvnesis adamiani, sisxls Rvris, roca sisxlisagan icleba vinme... roca saerTod scodavs RvTis Svili, qristiani iqneba igi Tu iudeveli, mahmadiani Tu sxva konfesiis warmomadgeneli. ase rom ar yofiliyo, ver aitanda ierusa-

arcTu amao fiqrebi oTar sefiaSvilis vnebaTaRelvanis gamo

iseT ferwerul tiloebze, romelic Tundac... primitivizms ekuTvnis, sadac aqcenti adamianTa Sinagan samyaroze, maT sulierebasa da xasiaTze keTdeba da ara personaJTa nakvTebis klasikur zomasa da graciulobaze. mavans ki rac unda umtkino firosmanisa da anri rusos sidiade, mainc renesansul silamazeze SeaCerebs arCevans. ar aris misi brali, iqneba garegani silamaze ufro itacebs, mets verc moTxov. ioane maxarobeli (mecnierTa TqmiT,- rogorc batoni oTari brZanebs, yvelaze `reaqciuli da antiebrauli mimarTulebis avtori~) ambobs: `Tu Sen uflis rCeuli xar, aucileblad umciresobaSi unda iyo~. SeuZlebelia, marTlac masobrivi da sayovelTao gaxde da TiToeuli taSs gikravdes. gibsonis misteriis araferi vici, mas advokatad ver davudgebi, Tavis dacvas Cems gareSec moaxerxebs, magram vityvi, rom igi amerikeli xelovania, amerikuli kinos warmomadgeneli da amiT yvelaferia naTqvami. amerikuli kino da saerTod kino rom komerciulia, zurikelasi ar iyos `magi me bavSobidan vici". rogorc xelovnebis yovel msaxurs, masac urCevnia mSvenierebis samyaroSi ifrinos, muzaTa savanes miswvdes, ferTa saocari nazaviT aRfrTovandes da fiqrisa Tu tanjvis samoseli Cvenc wamogvaxuros. magram arsebobs meore variantic: xelovneba - xelovnebisaTvis!Ggibsonma `qristes vnebanisaTvis" pirveli varianti amoirCia... saxarebidan amonaridi epizodebi, dekoraciebi, mizanscenebi, SerCeul msaxiobTa ti paJebi.... xom yvelanairi mayureblisaTvis gaTvala? zogi aatira, zogi aseira, zogic ki zedmetad daafiqra... gamoCnda, zogierTma es filmic, wmida wignze dayrdnobiT Seqmnili, deteqtivadac miiRo. kiTxvaze, bolos da bolos vin acva jvars qriste, gibsonis pasuxi `me", Cemis azriT sazogadoebis im nawilisadmi (gibsonis tkivili rom ver dainaxa) reJisoris xelCaqneul pasuxad ufro mimaCnia, vidre miRweuli SedegiT kmayofilisa. aSS axali qveyanaa. mis sazogadoebas daxvewa sWirdeba. amerikels jer ver mosTxov frangul lazaTsa da Snos, italiur eleganturobas, inglisur TavSekavebulobasa da etikets, iaponur tradiciulobas samuarebis stilSi. eg ki ara, SeiZleba mSobliuri fesvebis siyvarulze gaicinos. Tumca aqvs is, rac ar aqvs arcerT qveyanas dedamiwis zurgze _ Tavisufleba da kidev mudmivi Rimili bageze. eTikur normebs gadacilebuli Tavisufleba ki, ramdenad momxibvlelia? da saerTod momxibvlelia ki? esec sakiTxavia! gasakviri arc is aris, erTi sazomi rom arc ZirZvel da tradiciul qveyanaSi gamodgeba, - yofierebaze dafuZvnebuli ver gaigebs, ratom ar amodioda diogeni kasridan, ratom Seakla baironma Tavi sxva qveyanas, ratom Seewira Tundac Cveni qeTevan dedofali sarwmunoebas... aseTebi ufro advilad gaerevian brboSi, `osana maRalsa Sinac imRereben" da `jvars auc egesac" Sehyvireben. sworia batoni oTari! brbos ar gaaCnia konkretuli niSnebi, arc erovnuli, arc religiursarwmunoebrivi, `brbos" problema uZvelesi droidan arsebobs, yoveli eri istoriul gza-savals faravs, aRmarTebic xvdeba, daRlimis kurTxeuli miwa am religiaTa warmomadgenlebsa da maT taZrebs erTad. es xom imasac mowmobs, rom `imqveynad mxolod sami saqmea didebiT mosili: saydris Seneba, sxvaTaTvis sargeblis gaweva da saTno da RvTis madidebeli Svilis gazrda". oi, marTlac da Suri da uwignuroba angrevs qveyanas da ara mtris Semoseva. amis SiSi rom ara, risTvis movidoda Ze RvTisa dedamiwaze an visTvis? gamodis. rom igi yvelasaTvis, TviT yvela ebraelisaTvisac ki ar mosula amqveyanaze. Tavadac ar ambobs `Tqveni gza iyos vercxlis siyvarulis gareSe da imas dasjerdiT raca gaqvT. ai, Tqvens karTan vdgevar da vakakuneb. vinc Cems xmas gaigebs, me masTan Seval". ase rom RmerTi Zalad veravis acxovnebs Tu adamiani sakuTari surviliT ewinaaRmdegeba suliT cxovnebas. yvelaze didi danaSauli ki, me Tu mkiTxaven, isaa, rom saerTod moxda `oTxTavis" ekranizacia da iesos saxe, cxovreba, wameba, iseTi macdunebeli sagnis obieqtad iqca, rogoric fulia. magram ras izam, xelovneba xom mware sinamdvilec aris, stiqiasaviT boboqaric, cdunebasaviT cbieri, niWierTaTvis wvdomis sagani, briyvTaTvis miuwvdomeli, sikvdiliviT amaRlebuli, Cvilis RimiliviT umanko, ufaliviT mimtevebeli. suliwmindasaviT gardmovlenili mSvidobis mtredi, golgoTas gza, Ze RmerTis gminva da mainc misi cremlebis fasi. amitom bednieric aris is, vinc misi jvris simZimes itvirTebs, suls simSvidesa da simsubuqes mohfens da ers `taZrisaken mimavali gzisken~ miuTiTebs. giuli wereTeli

V F V E K B

bevri QqarTveli gavicani aq. gaWirvebam sad ar mimofanta Cveni axalgazrdoba, qarTul tradiciebze aRzrdili, ganaTlebuli Wabukebi da qaliSvilebi, ar Takiloben, ar eridebian Sida mosamsaxured muSaobas. Zalian bevrs iTmenen da uZleben. Cumad, uxmod muSaoben ara Tavisi profesiiT. esaa, rac miklavs guls. gaWirvebam migviyvana am zomamdis. erTi dasvenebis dRe aqvT da imasac taZarSi, locvaSi atareben, samSoblos beds avedreben maRal RmerTs. nostalgias, saxlSi dabrunebis ocnebaSi axSoben. dideba Tqven Svilebo! Tavs vaZlev uflebas, Svilebi giwodoT. sami Svilis deda var da rva SviliSvilis bebia, vloculob Tqvenze. ubednieresi var, rom qarTuli gazeTebi "mamuli", "iveria" ibeWdeba aq. didi madloba mis damfuZneblebs, TanamSromlebs. siTbosa da simxneves mateben nostalgiiT gadaqancul guls. vici, ra did siZneleebTan aris es Sroma dakavSirebuli. veferebi da vlocav nacnob da ucnob gvarebs, saxelebs. sicocxle gamixalisa qarTulma sityvam. bednieri var, rom Tqven samSoblo giyvarT. aq dRe Ramem Secvala, Rimili sevdam, sicocxle monatrebam. dro midis rCeba istoriis furclebi, romlebic Semdgom Taobebs gaacnoben im avbediT dros, rodesac saqarTvelo fantavda Tavis imeds, Zala eleoda. niWieri axalgazrda kinoreJisori, levan koRuaSvili swavlobs, Rame muSaobs, romlis Sesaxebac Tbilisidan macnobes, unaxavT misi moklemetraJiani filmi qarTvelebis cxovrebaze niu-iorkSi. es dokumenturi kadrebi, marTlac istoriis sakuTrebaa. am istoriis avtorebi Tqven xarT Cemo Zvirfasebo, ocdameerTe saukunis alions rom asxivosnebT, keTili saqmiT. SesaniSnav musikos, meviolines nino beriSvils Tavisi instrumenti aq mosaferebel sagnad gadauqcevia. jansul kaxiZis sax. orkestris TanxlebiT Catarebuli koncertebi ki tkbil mogonebad darCenia mTeli sicocxlis manZilze. manhetenze marTmadidebel rusul taZarSi wminda ninos vazis jvari vixile. muxli moviyare. Tvalwin damidga fexSiSveli qalwuli Tavisi TmiT Sekrul vazis jvars rom ixutebda gulSi da saqarTvelosaken moemarTeboda qristes siwmindis didi imediTAda bednierebiT. Cvidmet saukuneze meti gavida mas Semdeg da swored im jvaris suli trialebs aqac amerikaSi. dideba im qarTveli vaJkacis marjvenas, vinc Sen aq dagasvena da Tavisi guli Cagitova rwmenis imedaT. kaxabris naxelavs qarTuli mironis surneli efrqveva. es frazebi ar yviris, me amas nam-

23

mkiTxvelis gverdi

mze karga xnis gadaxrili iyo, rodesac yvavilebis maRaziasTan SevCerdi. Cemi yuradReba mii pyro WaRara. sandomianma moxucma, romelic RimiliT efereboda wiTel vards. raRacas CurCulebda da bolos xmamaRla, Cemda gasagonad mouvida naTqvami: "RmerTo, frTebiT daifare am vardis monapovari Cems samSobloSi, amas gevedrebi". Sevtrialdi da gaocebulma SevekiTxe: - qalbatono, qarTveli xarT? gaSra. cremliani keTili Tvalebi SemomanaTa da: "- vaime, diax, Sviloo, miTxra~. - Sen Semogevle, aq muSaob? didi xania? Tbilisidan xar? - sulmouTqmelad mekiTxeboda. pasuxs arc elodeboda, sxva SekiTxvas mismevda, sixarulis sxivi efineboda saxeze. gza erTi mimarTulebiT ganvagrZeT. CemTvisac da Cemi TanamgzavrisTvisac es bednieri wuTebi iyo. vusmendi da mikvirda, ra didi Zala da energia, rwmenisa da sulis simtkice qonia, rom xuTi welia muSaobs qvinsSi, moxucebs uvlis. TviTonac ukvirs da Tavs "rkinis qals" eZaxis. wynarad da tkbilad miyveboda Tu rogor moxvda amerikaSi. mec aRvidgine es saubari, da Cemi dRiurisaTvis Semovinaxe. ai esec: * * * im saukunis 23 noemberi ukanaskneli giorgoba iyo misTvis, saqarTveloSi rom Sexvda. samgoris zRvidan civi qari qroda. Tbilisis aeroportSi avstriis eki paJi mgzavrebs epatiJeboda, ramdenime wuTic da nislianma bindma dagvaSora mSobliur dedaqalaqs, gamcileblebs. vigrZeni, rom guli iq damrCa. kidev erTxel, ukanasknelad gadmovxede Cabnelebul Tbiliss, aqa-iq sanTeliviT, rom bJutavda sinaTle. avtirdi da miwiT savse patara qisa magrad Cavikari mkerdSi. lainerma simaRle aiRo; gamcilebelma gogonam jer qarTulad, Semdeg inglisurad misalmebisa da gacnobis Semdeg gza dagviloca. suliT wminda da morwmune adamianis gza, mSvidobiani da bednieriao, gamigonia Cem samSobloSi, xevsureTSi. gadaviwere pirjvari da mivande gzas Cemi sicocxle, sad mivdiodi, maSin azrzec ar viyavi, araferi ar maxsovda. umuSevrobis gamo, gaWirvebam sul gamomifita goneba. 24 noemberi avstriis mSveneba qalaqSi, venaSi gamiTenda. xuTni vagrZelebdiT gzas niu-iorkisaken. dRis 12 saaTze boingi amerikisaken momaqrolebda, maSin ras warmovidgendi Tu amdeni xani momiwevda aq darCena, bevris momswresa da wlebiT mdidars, verc vifiqrebdi Tu SevZlebdi muSaobas. bedma Tu weram, rusi ebraelebis ojaxSi momaxvedra. moxuci col-qmari naxevari saukunea, rac peterburgidan emigrirebulni arian. sxva erovnebis, sxva adaT-wesebis asakovanma moxucebma, qarTveli qali ojaxis wevrad mimiRes. RmerTi Seviyvare, pirjvari daviwere, "qriste aRsdgao", rom vuTxari Cvens aRdgoma dilas (amaT Tavisi aRdgoma xan adre, xanac mogvianebiT aqvT), "WeSmaritado" mi pasuxa kacma. qali ver laparakobs, 13 welia insultis Semdeg paralizebulia. TbilisSi bevrjer arian namyofni. uyvarT qarTvelebi, omis dros engelsis quCaze naTesavTan ucxovriaT 2 weli. axalgazrdobaSi bevri nacnobebi da megobrebi yoliaT TbilisSi. am qalis da mweralia, vika platova. uamravi wignis avtori. maT Soris romanisa "napiri", misi meuRle mxatvari karikaturisti miSa bedomlinski, uzomod Seyvarebulia qarTvelebze, erTxel stumrobisas vikam momitana rezo gabriaZis mier avtografiT naCuqari wigni, romelsac reliqviasa da megobrobis simbolos eZaxian. warwera qarTuladaa da me gadavuTargmne rusulad. "Zvirfas viqtorias uRrmesi pativiscemiT: me minda rom gagvaqrolos faitonma siyvarulis qveyanaSi (saqarTveloSi)" - r. gabriaZe. 1972 wlis Jurnali "literaturuli saqarTveloc" wamouRiaT leningradidan. swored amaSi Cans siyvaruli qarTveli xalxisadmi. furclebi gayviTlebia Jurnals, magram amayad ikiTxeba qarTveli mwerlebis gvarebi: muxran maWavariani, zurab kuxianiZe, guram fanjikiZe, mixo morCilaZe, mixeil razmaZe... baton rezos albaT aRarc vemaxsovrebiTo, - dananebiT Tqva vikam, - Cven ki did pativs vcemT mis niWso, Seudarebeli Tamadaao. rusebisgan didi wyena axsovT: skolaSi, Semdeg institutSi "Jidebs" eZaxdnen Turme da abuCad igdebdnen, ai aman gadagvawyvetia samSoblos datovebao, guldawyvetiT ambobdnen. moxuci mSoblebis naxva ver moaxerxes, axla saflavebis suraTebs maCveneben cremliani TvalebiT. romlebic naTesavebma gamougzavnes.

ubralod Cems megobarze...

dvilad vambob. "iqneb, ninos vazis jvari ucxoeTSi, damkvidrdes da gaimtkicos rwmena, Seayvaros am qveyanas saqarTvelo, qarTvelebi da qarTuli ena". Tqven aqedan emsaxurebiT mamuls, enas, sarwmunoebas. garkveuli periodis Semdeg yvelani daubrundebiT mSoblier keras. Tqvenc Zalian bevri dagigrovdebaT saTqmeli. gakeTebuli, gasakeTebelic dagrCebaT. ar aris ioli samSoblodan Sors cxovreba. bednieri yofiliyos yoveli TqvenTaganisaTvis gza-momavali erTiani mSvidobiani saqarTvelosaken. glocavT... me optimisti var da yovelTvis maqvs imisi imedi, rom xvalindeli dRe dRevandelze ukeTesi iqneba. sikeTe yovelTvis sZlevs borotebas." samuSao vestibiulamde mivacile. telefonebi gavcvaleT. gamiRima, momefera damloca da damemSvidoba. guli damwyda. raRac uxilavma Zalam damamZima. ratom, ratom, aseTi Tbili da keTili bebia am asakSi ar unda ijdes mSvidad Tavis ojaxSi. dananebiT rom vTqva: "eh?! xuTi welia Cemi bina ar ganiavebulao." maSin araferi miTxra da Turme leqsebsac wers Cemi megobari - qalbatoni izolda. gavocdi, roca telefonSi wamikiTxa ramodenime leqsi. dRe muSaobs Turme da Rame wers. Zalian Sevexvewe Caewerebina CemTvis, mindoda gazeTis redaqciisaTvis gamegzavna, TviTon ki mTxova, sagazeTo ar aris es leqsebio, magram me mainc im dRidan mosveneba davkarge: - rogor SeiZleba aseTi leqsebi Cumad iwvodnen Ramis sibneleSi da mkiTxvelma ver waikiTxos-meTqi. ratom eferebodiT im wiTel vards, rom SevekiTxe, RimiliT mi pasuxa: "vardi Zalian miyvars, vardobis TveSi var dabadebuli da axla miTumetes, vardebis revoluciam msoflios gaacno Cveni samSoblo, saqarTvelo." rom SevekiTxe, Tu ra azrisaa amerikaSi darCenaze, gaiRima da miTxra: Cemi adgili aq ar ariso. Zalian Zlieri, ekonomiurad mdidari qveyanaa amerika, magram Cven aq Svilebs ver gavzrdiT iseTebs, rogoric Cvens ers Seeferebao. Tu ras gulisxmobda amaSi izolda xorbalaZe - es sxva dros salaparako Temaao, mi pasuxa. lela gabitaSvili

vt doth

me wlebiT mdidars da bevris momswres, msgavsi ram jer ar gamigonia, Cven ra vicodiT, Turme qarTul vards es ra mebrZoli suli hqonia. vardobis TveSi davibade da mzem damanaTla gazafxulisam: - Rrma siberemde viyo erTguli, sikeTisa da siyvarulisa. darSic, avdarSic RmerTs vevedrebi ar damiviwyos da mi patronos, suli ar gahyves fiqrebs TbilisSi da ar gamwiros, aq ar damtovos. ukve moxuci davubrundebi, saqarTveloSi mSobliur kuTxes. RmerTo, mets ar gTxov, Cemi qveyana daamSvide da locviT akurTxe.

izolda xorbalaZe

24

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