Read Microsoft Word - updated-Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets PL 20438_0027final.doc text version

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

QUETIAPINE 150MG FILM-COATED TABLETS PL 20438/0027

UKPAR

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Lay Summary Scientific discussion Steps taken for assessment Steps taken after authorisation ­ summary Summary of Product Characteristics Product Information Leaflet and Labelling Page 2 Page 3 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 27

-1-

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

QUETIAPINE 150MG FILM-COATED TABLETS PL 20438/0027

LAY SUMMARY

The MHRA granted Norpharm Limited a Marketing Authorisation (licence) for the medicinal product Quetiapine 150mg film-coated tablets on 23rd July 2010. This medicine helps with conditions that cause symptoms such as: · seeing, hearing or feeling things that are not there, believing things that are not true or feel unusually suspicious, anxious, confused, guilty, tense or depressed. · feeling very excited, elated, agitated, enthusiastic or hyperactive or having poor judgment including being aggressive or disruptive or aggressive behaviours. · effects on your mood whereby you feel sad. You may find that you feel depressed, feel guilty, lack energy, lose your appetite and/or can't sleep. This product contains the active substance quetiapine fumarate. This belongs to a group of medicines called anti-psychotics. No new or unexpected safety concerns arose from this application and it was, therefore, judged that the benefits of taking Quetiapine 150mg film-coated tablets outweigh the risks; hence a Marketing Authorisation has been granted.

-2-

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

QUETIAPINE 150MG FILM-COATED TABLETS PL 20438/0027

SCIENTIFIC DISCUSSION

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction Pharmaceutical assessment Preclinical assessment Clinical assessment Overall conclusions and risk benefit assessment Page 4 Page 6 Page 9 Page 10 Page 12

-3-

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

INTRODUCTION

The UK granted Norpharm Limited a Marketing Authorisation for the medicinal product Quetiapine 150mg film-coated tablets (PL 20438/0027) on 23rd July 2010. This product is a prescription-only medicine for the following indications: 1) Schizophrenia. 2) Bipolar disorder including: - moderate to severe manic episodes in bipolar disorder - major depressive episodes in bipolar disorder - preventing recurrence in bipolar disorder in patients whose manic or depressive episode has responded to quetiapine treatment. The application was submitted as an abridged application, according to Article 10.1 of Directive 2001/83/EC, claiming to be a generic medicinal product to Seroquel 150 mg film-coated tablets. The UK reference product is Seroquel 25 mg film-coated tablets first authorised in the EEA to Astra Zeneca B.V. on 27th April 1998. Seroquel 150mg film-coated tablets, were first authorised to Zeneca Limited in the UK on 19th April 1999. This then underwent a change of ownership on 25th June 2000 to the current marketing authorisation holder, AstraZeneca UK Limited (PL 17901/0041). This is a national abridged standard application for the 150mg strength that has been submitted in parallel with a number of outgoing decentralised procedures (UK/H/1835-7; PL 20438/0014-26, 0028) for the other strengths in the product range (25mg, 100mg, 200mg and 300mg). Quetiapine is an orally administered antipsychotic agent that has an affinity for brain serotonin (5HT2 and 5HT1A), dopamine (D1 and D2), histamine (H1), and adrenergic (1 and 2) receptors. Quetiapine is indicated for the treatment of schizophrenia and manic episodes associated with bipolar disorder. The mechanism of action of this drug is unknown; however, it is believed that the efficacy is mediated by D2 and 5HT2 antagonism. No new preclinical studies were conducted, which is acceptable given that the product contains a widely-used, well-known active substance. No clinical studies with the exception of the bioequivalence study have been performed and none are required for this application as the pharmacology of quetiapine is well-established. For manufacturing sites within the Community, the RMS has accepted copies of current manufacturer authorisations issued by inspection services of the competent authorities as certification that acceptable standards of GMP are in place at those sites. For manufacturing sites outside the community, the RMS has accepted copies of current GMP Certificates or satisfactory inspection summary reports, `close-out letters' or `exchange of information' issued by the inspection services of the competent authorities (or those countries with which the EEA has a Mutual Recognition Agreement for their own territories) as certification that acceptable standards of GMP are in place at those non-Community sites. It is considered that the pharmacovigilance system as described by the applicant fulfils the requirements and provides adequate evidence that the applicant has the services of a qualified

-4-

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

person responsible for pharmacovigilance and has the necessary means for the notification of any adverse reaction suspected of occurring. A Risk Management Plan (RMP) has been set for the reference product, Seroquel 150mg tablets, with some provisions that also need to be applied for generic products. A formal RMP is not considered necessary, however, the Marketing Authorisation holder has provided a post-approval commitment to comply with risk minimisation measures now requested for quetiapine. No new or unexpected safety concerns arose from this application and it was, therefore, judged that the benefits of taking Quetiapine 150mg film-coated tablets outweigh the risks; hence a Marketing Authorisation has been granted.

-5-

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

PHARMACEUTICAL ASSESSMENT

DRUG SUBSTANCE Quetiapine INN: Quetiapine fumarate Chemical name: 2-[2-(4-dibenzo[b,f][1,4]thiazepin-11-yl-1piperazinyl)ethoxy]ethanol hemifumarate 11-(4-(2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethyl)-1piperazinyl)dibenzo[b,f][1,4]thiazepine hemifumarate Structural formula:

Molecular formula: Molecular weight: Appearance: Solubility:

C21H25N3O2S)2.C4H4O4 883.10 g/mol White or slightly yellow powder Sparingly soluble in glacial acetic acid (26.6 mg/ml) and slightly soluble in methanol (6.3 mg/ml), acetone (1.5 mg/ml) and water (1.5 mg/ml).

Quetiapine fumarate is the subject of a European Pharmacopoeia monograph. Synthesis of the drug substances from the designated starting materials has been adequately described, and appropriate in-process controls and intermediate specifications are applied. Satisfactory specification tests are in place for all starting materials and reagents, and these are supported by relevant Certificates of Analysis. All potential known impurities have been identified and characterised. Appropriate proof of structure data has been supplied for the active pharmaceutical ingredients. Appropriate specifications have provided for the active substances, with suitable test methods and limits. Analytical methods have been appropriately validated and are satisfactory for ensuring compliance with the relevant specifications. Batch analysis data are provided and comply with the proposed specification. Satisfactory specifications and Certificates of Analysis have been provided all aspects of the container-closure system. A declaration has been provided that the primary packaging complies with current regulations concerning contact with foodstuff. Suitable Certificates of Analysis have been provided for all reference standards used.

-6-

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

Appropriate stability data have been generated showing the active substances to be physically and chemically stable drugs, and supporting an appropriate retest period. DRUG PRODUCT Other ingredients Other ingredients in the tablet core consist of pharmaceutical excipients lactose monohydrate, microcrystalline cellulose PH101, calcium hydrogen phosphate dehydrate, sodium starch glycolate, type A povidone (K-30) and magnesium stearate. The film coating consists of Opadry II yellow 85F92349 (polyvinyl alcohol, partially hydrolyzed; titanium dioxide; macrogol/PEG 3350; Talc; iron oxide yellow). All the ingredients comply with their relevant European Pharmacopoeia monographs, with the exception of Opadry II yellow 85F92350. Opadry II yellow 85F92350 complies with in-house requirements. With the exception of lactose monohydrate, none of the excipients used contain material of animal or human origin. The applicant has provided a declaration that milk used in the production of lactose monohydrate is sourced from healthy animals under the same conditions as those intended for human consumption. The supplier of magnesium stearate has confirmed that it is of vegetable origin. Product development The objective of the development programme was to produce a product that could be considered a generic medicinal product of Seroquel 150mg film-coated tablets. The applicant has provided a suitable product development section. Justifications for the use and amounts of each excipient have been provided and are valid. Comparative impurity and dissolution profiles have been provided for the finished product versus the reference product Seroquel 150mg film-coated tablets. Manufacture A description and flow-chart of the manufacturing method has been provided. In-process controls are satisfactory based on process validation data and controls on the finished product. Process validation has been carried out and the results appear satisfactory. The applicant has committed to perform process validation on the first three commercialscale batches. Finished product specification The finished product specification is satisfactory. Test methods have been described and have been adequately validated, as appropriate. Batch data have been provided and comply with the release specification. Certificates of Analysis for all working standards used have been provided and are satisfactory. Container-Closure System The product is packaged in: i) polyvinylchloride, polyvinylidene chloride, polyethylene and aluminium foil blister packs in sizes of 60 film-coated tablets. ii) White high-density polyethylene (HDPE) tablet containers with white polypropylene screw caps with child-resistant, tamper evident rings. Pack sizes are 100 film-coated tablets.

-7-

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

Specifications and Certificates of Analysis for the packaging types used have been provided. All primary product packaging complies with the European Pharmacopoeia monograph. Stability Finished product stability studies have been conducted in accordance with current guidelines. Based on the results, a shelf-life of 3 years has been set, with no special storage conditions. This is satisfactory. ADMINISTRATIVE Expert Report A pharmaceutical expert report has been written by a suitably qualified person and is satisfactory. Summary of Product Characteristics (SPC) This is pharmaceutically satisfactory. Labelling These are pharmaceutically satisfactory. Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) This is pharmaceutically satisfactory. A package leaflet has been submitted to the MHRA along with results of consultations with target patient groups ("user testing"), in accordance with Article 59 of Council Directive 2001/83/EC, as amended. The results indicate that the package leaflet is well-structured and organised, easy to understand and written in a comprehensive manner. The test shows that the patients/users are able to act upon the information that it contains. MAA Form This is pharmaceutically satisfactory. Conclusion It is recommended that a Marketing Authorisation is granted for this application.

-8-

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

PRECLINICAL ASSESSMENT

The pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics and toxicological properties of quetiapine are well-known. As quetiapine is a widely used, well-known active substance, the applicant has not provided any additional studies and none are required. The pre-clinical expert report has been written by an appropriately qualified person and is a suitable summary of the pre-clinical aspects of the dossier. The Marketing Authorisation Holder has provided adequate justification for not submitting an Environmental Risk Assessment.

-9-

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

CLINICAL ASSESSMENT

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY This national abridged standard application for the 150mg strength that has been submitted in parallel with a number of outgoing decentralised procedures (UK/H/1835-7; PL 20438/001426, 0028) for the other strengths in the product range (25mg, 100mg, 200mg, 300mg). The 150 mg strength is formulated proportionally to the other strengths in the range. To support the application, the Marketing Authorisation Holder has included the following study: An open-label, randomized, two-way crossover bioequivalence study comparing the pharmacokinetics of Quetiapine 25mg film-coated tablets (Test) versus Seroquel 25mg film-coated tablets (Reference) in fasted volunteers. All subjects were in a fasted state before dosing. Blood sampling was performed pre- and up to 24 hours post dose in each treatment period. There was a washout period of 7 days. Pharmacokinetic parameters were measured from the plasma and statistically analysed. Results from this study are presented below as log-transformed values:

Quetiapine: Treatment Quetiapine: Test Reference Ratio (90% CI) AUC0-t (ng.h/ml) 245.28 239.00 102.63 (97.06-108.51) AUC0- (ng.h/ml) 252.51 245.98 102.65 (97.14-108.47) Cmax (ng/ml) 69.28 66.42 104.31 (95.44-114.00)

The results for the primary variables indicated that the 90% confidence intervals test/reference ratio of geometric means for AUC0-t and Cmax for quetiapine lie within 80-125% boundaries. Thus, bioequivalence has been shown between the test and reference products in this study. As the 150 mg strength product meets all the bio-waiver criteria as specified in the Note for Guidance on the Investigation of Bioavailability and Bioequivalence (CPMP/EWP/QWP/1401/98), the results and conclusions of the bioequivalence study on the 25mg strength can be extrapolated to Quetiapine 150mg, film-coated tablets. EFFICACY No new data has been provided. SAFETY No new data has been provided. EXPERT REPORTS The clinical expert report has been written by a suitably qualified person and is satisfactory.

- 10 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET (PIL) This is consistent with that for the reference product and is satisfactory. LABELLING These are satisfactory. APPLICATION FORMS (MAA) This is satisfactory. SUMMARY OF PRODUCT CHARACTERISTICS (SPC) This is consistent with that for the reference product and is satisfactory. DISCUSSION The applicant has satisfactorily demonstrated bioequivalence between the test and reference product. MEDICAL CONCLUSION The bioequivalence study submitted has shown that Quetiapine 150mg film-coated tablets can be considered as generic medicinal product to the originator product Seroquel 150mg film-coated tablets. The grant of a Marketing Authorisation is recommended for this application.

- 11 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

OVERALL CONCLUSION AND RISK BENEFIT ASSESSMENT OVERALL CONCLUSION AND RISK BENEFIT ASSESSMENT QUALITY The important quality characteristics of Quetiapine 150mg film-coated tablets are well-defined and controlled. The specifications and batch analytical results indicate consistency from batch to batch. There are no outstanding quality issues that would have a negative impact on the benefit/risk balance. PRECLINICAL No new preclinical data were submitted and none are required for applications of this type. EFFICACY Bioequivalence has been demonstrated between the applicant's Quetiapine 150mg film-coated tablets and the reference product Seroquel 150mg film-coated tablets. No new or unexpected safety concerns arise from this application. The SPC, PIL and labelling are satisfactory and consistent with those for the reference product. RISK BENEFIT ASSESSMENT The quality of the products is acceptable and no new preclinical or clinical safety concerns have been identified. The bioequivalence study supports the claim that the applicant's product and the reference product are interchangeable. Extensive clinical experience with quetiapine is considered to have demonstrated the therapeutic value of the compound. The benefit/risk is, therefore, considered to be positive.

- 12 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

QUETIAPINE 150MG FILM-COATED TABLETS PL 20438/0027

STEPS TAKEN FOR ASSESMENT

1 2 3 4 5 The MHRA received the Marketing Authorisation application on 23rd October 2008. Following standard checks and communication with the applicant the MHRA considered the application valid on 24th October 2008. Following assessment of the application, the MHRA requested further information relating to the quality dossier on 12th February 2009. The applicant responded to the MHRA's requests, providing further information on 9th April 2010. The application was determined on 23rd July 2010.

- 13 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

QUETIAPINE 150MG FILM-COATED TABLETS PL 20438/0027 STEPS TAKEN AFTER ASSESSMENT

Date submitted Application type Scope Outcome

- 14 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets 1 2 NAME OF THE MEDICINAL PRODUCT Quetiapine 150 mg film-coated tablets QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION Each film-coated tablet contains 150 mg quetiapine (as fumarate). Excipient: Lactose 86.73 mg For a full list of excipients, see section 6.1. 3 PHARMACEUTICAL FORM Film-coated tablet Pale-yellow, round, film-coated tablets.

PL 20438/0027

4 4.1

CLINICAL PARTICULARS Therapeutic indications Quetiapine film-coated tablets is indicated for the treatment of: Schizophrenia. Bipolar disorder including: - moderate to severe manic episodes in bipolar disorder - major depressive episodes in bipolar disorder - preventing recurrence in bipolar disorder in patients whose manic or depressive episode has responded to quetiapine treatment. Posology and method of administration Quetiapine film-coated tablets can be administered with or without food. Adults Schizophrenia: Quetiapine film-coated tablets should be administered twice a day. The total daily dose for the first 4 days of therapy is 50 mg quetiapine (Day 1), 100 mg quetiapine (Day 2), 200 mg quetiapine (Day 3) and 300 mg quetiapine (Day 4). From Day 4 onwards, the dose should be titrated to the usual effective dose range of 300 to 450 mg quetiapine per day. Depending on the clinical response and tolerability of the individual patient, the dose may be adjusted within the range 150 to 750 mg quetiapine per day. Moderate to severe manic episodes: The total daily dose for the first four days of therapy is 100 mg (Day 1), 200 mg (Day 2), 300 mg (Day 3) and 400 mg (Day 4). Further dosage adjustments up to 800 mg quetiapine per day by Day 6 should be in increments of no greater than 200 mg per day. The dose may be adjusted depending on clinical response and tolerability of the individual patient, within the range of 200 to 800 mg quetiapine per day. The usual effective dose is in the range of 400 to 800 mg per day. Depressive episodes in bipolar disorder: Quetiapine film-coated tablets should be administered once daily at bedtime. The total daily dose for the first four days of therapy is 50 mg (Day 1), 100 mg (Day 2), 200 mg (Day 3) and 300 mg (Day 4). The recommended daily dose is 300 mg. In clinical trials, no additional benefit was seen in the 600 mg group compared to the 300 mg group (see section 5.1). Individual patients may benefit from a 600 mg dose. Doses greater than 300 mg should be initiated by physicians experienced in treating bipolar disorder. In individual patients, in the event of tolerance concerns, clinical trials have indicated that dose reduction to a minimum of 200 mg could be considered. For preventing recurrence in bipolar disorder: For prevention of recurrence of manic, depressive and mixed episodes in bipolar disorder, patients who have responded to quetiapine for acute treatment of bipolar disorder should continue therapy at the same dose. The dose may then be adjusted depending on clinical response and tolerability of the individual patient, within the range of 300 to 800 mg/day administered twice daily. It is important that the lowest effective dose is used for maintenance therapy.

4.2

- 15 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

Elderly As with other antipsychotics, Quetiapine should be used with caution in the elderly, especially during the initial dosing period. The rate of dose titration may need to be slower, and the daily therapeutic dose lower, than that used in younger patients, depending on the clinical response and tolerability of the individual patient. The mean plasma clearance of quetiapine was reduced by 30 - 50% in elderly subjects when compared to younger patients. Efficacy and safety has not been evaluated in patients over 65 years with depressive episodes in the framework of bipolar disorder. Children and adolescents Quetiapine is not recommended for use in children and adolescents below 18 years of age, due to a lack of data to support use in this age group. The available evidence from placebo-controlled clinical trials is presented in sections 4.4, 4.8, 5.1 and 5.2. Renal Impairment: Dosage adjustment is not necessary in patients with renal impairment. Hepatic Impairment: Quetiapine is extensively metabolised by the liver. Therefore, quetiapine should be used with caution in patients with known hepatic impairment, especially during the initial dosing period. Patients with known hepatic impairment should be started with 25 mg/day. The dosage should be increased daily with increments of 25 - 50 mg/day until an effective dosage, depending on the clinical response and tolerability of the individual patient. 4.3 Contraindications Hypersensitivity to quetiapine or to any of the excipients. Concomitant administration of cytochrome-P-450-3A4- inhibitors such as HIV protease inhibitors, azole antifungals, erythromycin, clarithromycin and nefazodone is contraindicated (see section 4.5). 4.4 Special warnings and precautions for use Children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) Quetiapine is not recommended for use in children and adolescents below 18 years of age, due to a lack of data to support use in this age group. Clinical trials have shown that in addition to the known safety profile identified in adults (see section 4.8), certain adverse events occurred at a higher frequency in children and adolescents compared to adults (increased appetite, elevations in serum prolactin, and extrapyramidal symptoms) and one was identified that has not been previously seen in adult studies (increases in blood pressure). Changes in thyroid function tests have also been observed in children and adolescents. Furthermore, the long-term safety implications of treatment on growth and maturation have not been studied beyond 26 weeks. Long-term implications for cognitive and behavioural development are not known. In placebo-controlled clinical trials with children and adolescent patients, quetiapine was associated with an increased incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) compared to placebo in patients treated for schizophrenia and bipolar mania (see section 4.8). Suicide/suicidal thoughts or clinical worsening Depression in bipolar disorder is associated with an increased risk of suicidal thoughts, self-harm and suicide (suicide-related events). This risk persists until significant remission occurs. As improvement may not occur during the first few weeks or more of treatment, patients should be closely monitored until such improvement occurs. It is general clinical experience that the risk of suicide may increase in the early stages of recovery. In clinical studies of patients with major depressive episodes in bipolar disorder an increased risk of suicide-related events was observed in young adult patients less than 25 years of age who were treated with quetiapine as compared to those treated with placebo (3.0% vs. 0%, respectively). Somnolence Quetiapine treatment has been associated with somnolence and related symptoms, such as sedation (see Section 4.8). In clinical trials for treatment of patients with bipolar depression, onset was usually within the first 3 days of treatment and was predominantly of mild to moderate intensity. Bipolar depression - 16 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

patients experiencing somnolence of severe intensity may require more frequent contact for a minimum of 2 weeks from onset of somnolence, or until symptoms improve and treatment discontinuation may need to be considered. Cardiovascular disease Quetiapine should be used with caution in patients with known cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease, or other conditions predisposing to hypotension. Quetiapine may induce orthostatic hypotension, especially during the initial dose-titration period and therefore dose reduction or more gradual titration should be considered if this occurs.. Seizures In controlled clinical trials there was no difference in the incidence of seizures in patients treated with quetiapine or placebo. As with other antipsychotics, caution is recommended when treating patients with a history of seizures (see section 4.8). Extrapyramidal symptoms In placebo controlled clinical trials quetiapine was associated with an increased incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) compared to placebo in patients treated for major depressive episodes in bipolar disorder (see section 4.8). Tardive dyskinesia If signs and symptoms of tardive dyskinesia appear, dose reduction or discontinuation of quetiapine should be considered (see section 4.8). Neuroleptic malignant syndrome Neuroleptic malignant syndrome has been associated with antipsychotic treatment, including quetiapine (see section 4.8). Clinical manifestations include hyperthermia, altered mental status, muscular rigidity, autonomic instability and increased creatine phosphokinase. In such an event, quetiapine should be discontinued and appropriate medical treatment given. Severe Neutropenia Severe neutropenia (neutrophil count <0.5 X 109/L) has been uncommonly reported in quetiapine clinical trials. Most cases of severe neutropenia have occurred within a couple of months of starting therapy with quetiapine. There is no apparent dose relationship. Possible risk factors for neutropenia include pre-existing low white cell count (WBC) and history of drug induced neutropenia. Quetiapine should be discontinued in patients with a neutrophil count <1.0 X 109/L. Patients should be observed for signs and symptoms of infection and neutrophil counts followed (until they exceed 1.5 X 109/L). (See section 5.1) Interactions See also section 4.5. Concomitant use of quetiapine with a strong hepatic enzyme inducer such as carbamazepine or phenytoin substantially decreases the plasma concentrations of quetiapine, which could affect the efficacy of quetiapine therapy. In patients receiving a hepatic enzyme inducer initiation of quetiapine treatment should only occur if the physician considers that the benefits of quetiapine outweighs the risk of removing the hepatic enzyme inducer. It is important that any change in the inducer is gradual and if required, replaced with a non inducer (e.g. sodium valproate). Hyperglycaemia Hyperglycemia and exacerbation of pre-existing diabetes have been reported in very rare cases during quetiapine treatment. Appropriate clinical monitoring is advisable in diabetic patients and in patients with risk factors for the development of diabetes mellitus (see section 4.8). Lipids Increases in triglycerides and cholesterol have been observed in clinical trials with quetiapine (see section 4.8). Lipid increases should be managed as clinically appropriate. QT Prolongation In clinical trials and use in accordance with the SmPC, quetiapine was not associated with a persistent increase in absolute QT intervals. However, with overdose (see section 4.9) QT prolongation was observed. - 17 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

As with other antipsychotic agents, caution is advised if quetiapine is prescribed to patients with cardiovascular disease or a family history of QT-interval prolongation. Caution is also advised if quetiapine is prescribed together with medicines known to prolong the QTc interval. This also applies to the concurrent administration of other neuroleptic agents, particularly in elderly patients, patients with congenital QT syndrome, severe heart failure, cardiac hypertrophy, hypokalaemia or hypomagnesaemia (see section 4.5). Withdrawal Acute withdrawal symptoms such as insomnia, nausea, headache, diarrhoea, vomiting, dizziness, and irritability have been described after abrupt cessation of quetiapine. Gradual withdrawal over a period of at least one to two weeks is advisable (see section 4.8) Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis Quetiapine is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related psychosis. An approximately 3-fold increased risk of cerebrovascular adverse events has been seen in randomised placebo controlled trials in the dementia population with some atypical antipsychotics. The mechanism for this increased risk is not known. An increased risk cannot be excluded for other antipsychotics or other patient populations. Quetiapine should be used with caution in patients with risk factors for stroke. In a meta-analysis of atypical antipsychotic drugs, it has been reported that elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis are at an increased risk of death compared to placebo. However in two 10-week placebo-controlled quetiapine studies in the same patient population (n=710; mean age: 83 years; range: 56-99 years) the incidence of mortality in quetiapine-treated patients was 5.5% versus 3.2% in the placebo group. The patients in these trials died from a variety of causes that were consistent with expectations for this population. These data do not establish a causal relationship between quetiapine treatment and death in elderly patients with dementia. Dysphagia Dysphagia (See section 4.8) has been reported with quetiapine. Quetiapine should be used with caution in patients at risk for aspiration pneumonia. Lactose intolerance Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucosegalactose malabsorption should not take this medicine. Venous thromboembolism Cases of venous thromboembolism (VTE) have been reported with antipsychotic drugs. Since patients treated with antipsychotics often present with acquired risk factors for VTE, all possible risk factors for VTE should be identified before and during treatment with quetiapine and preventive measures undertaken. Additional Information The study data of quetiapine in combination with sodium valproate or lithium in moderate to severe manic episodes are limited; however the combination therapy was well tolerated (see sections 4.8 and 5.1). The study data has shown additive effects in the third week of treatment. 4.5 Interaction with other medicinal products and other forms of interaction Given the primary central nervous system effects of quetiapine, quetiapine should be used with caution in combination with other centrally acting drugs and alcohol. Cytochrome P 450 (CYP) 3A4 is the enzyme that is primarily responsible for the cytochrome P450 mediated metabolism of quetiapine. In an interaction study in healthy volunteers the concomitant administration of quetiapine (dosage of 25 mg) with ketoconazole, a CYP3A4 inhibitor caused a five to eight fold increase in the AUC of quetiapine. On the basis of this, concomittant use of quetiapine with CYP3A4 inhibitors is contraindicated. It is also not recommended to take quetiapine together with grapefruit juice. In a multiple dose trial in patients to assess the pharmacokinetics of quetiapine given before and during treatment with carbamazepine (a known hepatic enzyme inducer), co-administration of carbamazepine significantly increased the clearance of quetiapine. This increase in clearance reduced systemic - 18 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

quetiapine exposure (as measured by AUC) to an average of 13% of the exposure during administration of quetiapine alone; although a greater effect was seen in some patients. As a consequence of this interaction, lower plasma concentrations can occur. This can affect the efficacy of the treatment with quetiapine. Co-administration of quetiapine with phenytoin (another microsomal enzyme inducer) caused an increase in the clearance of quetiapine of approximately 450 %. Patients, who are treated with hepatic enzyme inducers, should only be treated with quetiapine if the attending physician decides that the possible benefit of treatment with quetiapine outweighs the risk of discontinuation of treatment with hepatic enzyme inducers. It is important that any change in treatment with hepatic enzyme inducers is gradual. If necessary, this drug may be replaced by a non-inducer (e.g. sodium valproate) (see section 4.4). The pharmacokinetics of quetiapine were not significantly altered following co-administration with the antidepressants imipramine (a known CYP2D6 inhibitor) or fluoxetine (a known CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 inhibitor). The pharmacokinetics of quetiapine were not significantly altered following co-administration with the antipsychotics risperidone or haloperidol. However, co-administration of quetiapine and thioridazine caused an increase in the clearance of quetiapine of approximately 70 %. The pharmacokinetics of quetiapine were not altered following co-administration with cimetidine. The pharmacokinetics of lithium were not altered when co-administered with quetiapine. The pharmacokinetics of sodium valproate and quetiapine were not altered to a clinically significant extent when co-administered. Formal interaction studies with commonly used cardiovascular drugs have not been performed. Caution is advised if quetiapine is co-administered with medicines known to impair the electrolyte balance or prolong the QT interval. 4.6 Pregnancy and lactation The safety and efficacy of quetiapine during human pregnancy have not been established. Animal studies have not provided any evidence of teratogenic effects of quetiapine, however the potential effect on the foetal eye has not been examined. Therefore, quetiapine should only be used during pregnancy if the benefits justify the potential risks. Withdrawal symptoms have been observed in newborns following administration of quetiapine to mothers during pregnancy. The degree to which quetiapine is excreted into human milk is unknown. Women who are breastfeeding should therefore be advised to avoid breast-feeding while taking quetiapine. 4.7 Effects on ability to drive and use machines Quetiapine has minor or moderate influence on the ability to drive and use machines. Given the primary central nervous system effects of quetiapine, activities which require vigilance can be impaired. Therefore, patients should be warned not to drive or use machines until their individual response to quetiapine is known. Undesirable effects The most commonly reported Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) with quetiapine are somnolence, dizziness, dry mouth, mild asthenia, constipation, tachycardia, orthostatic hypotension and dyspepsia. As with other antipsychotics, weight gain, syncope, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, leucopenia, neutropenia and peripheral oedema have been associated with quetiapine. The incidences of ADRs associated with quetiapine therapy, are tabulated below according to the format recommended by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS III Working Group; 1995).

4.8

- 19 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

The frequencies of adverse events are ranked according to the following: Very common (1/10), common (1/100, <1/10), uncommon (1/1000, <1/100, rare (1/10,000, <1/1000) and very rare (<1/10,000). Blood and lymphatic system disorders Common: Leucopenia 1 Uncommon: Eosinophilia, Thrombocytopenia Unknown: Neutropenia 1 Immune system disorders Uncommon: Hypersensitivity Very rare: Anaphylactic reaction6 Endocrine disorders Common: Hyperprolactinaemia16 Metabolism and nutritional disorders Common: Increased appetite Very rare: Diabetes Mellitus 1, 5,6 Psychiatric disorders Common: Abnormal dreams and nightmares Nervous system disorders Very Common: Dizziness 4,17, somnolence 2,17, headache Common: Syncope 4,17 Extrapyramidal symptoms1, 13 Dysarthria Uncommon: Seizure 1, Restless legs syndrome, Tardive dyskinesia 1, 6 Cardiac disorders Common: Tachycardia 4 Eye Disorders Common: Vision blurred Vascular disorders Common: Orthostatic hypotension 4,17 Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorder Common: Rhinitis Gastrointestinal disorders Very common: Dry mouth Common: Constipation, dyspepsia Uncommon: Dysphagia8 Hepato-biliary disorders Rare: Jaundice 6 Very rare: Hepatitis 6 Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders Very rare: Angioedema 6, Stevens-Johnson syndrome6 Reproductive system and breast disorders Rare: Priapism, Galactorrhoea General disorders and administration site conditions Very common Withdrawal (discontinuation) symptoms 1,10 Common: Mild asthenia, peripheral oedema, irritability Rare: Neuroleptic malignant syndrome 1 Investigations Very common Elevations in serum triglyceride levels 11 Elevations in total cholesterol (predominantly LDL cholesterol) 12 Decreases in HDL cholesterol18, Weight gain9 Common: Elevations in serum transaminases (ALT, AST) 3, decreased neutrophil count, blood glucose increased to hyperglycaemic levels 7 Uncommon: Elevations in gamma-GT levels 3, Platelet count decreased14, QT Prolongation 1, 13, 19 Rare Elevations in blood creatine phosphokinase15, Venous thromboembolism1 1. See Section 4.4 Special Warnings and Special Precautions for Use. 2. Somnolence may occur, usually during the first two weeks of treatment and generally resolves with the continued administration of Quetiapine film-coated tablets. 3. Asymptomatic elevations in serum transaminase (ALT, AST) or gamma-GT-levels have been observed in some patients administered Quetiapine film-coated tablets. These elevations were usually reversible on continued Quetiapine film-coated tablets treatment. - 20 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

PL 20438/0027

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

As with other antipsychotics with alpha1 adrenergic blocking activity, Quetiapine film-coated tablets may commonly induce orthostatic hypotension, associated with dizziness, tachycardia and, in some patients, syncope, especially during the initial dose-titration period. (See section 4.4) Exacerbation of pre-existing diabetes has been reported in very rare cases. Calculation of Frequency for these ADR's have been taken from postmarketing data only. Fasting blood glucose 126mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or a non fasting blood glucose 200mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) on at least one occasion. An increase in the rate of dysphagia with Quetiapine film-coated tablets vs. placebo was only observed in the clinical trials in bipolar depression. Based on >7% increase in body weight from baseline. Occurs predominantly during the early weeks of treatment in adults. The following withdrawal symptoms have been observed most frequently in acute placebocontrolled, monotherapy clinical trials, which evaluated discontinuation symptoms: insomnia, nausea, headache, diarrhoea, vomiting, dizziness, and irritability. The incidence of these reactions had decreased significantly after 1 week post-discontinuation. Triglycerides 200mg/dL (2.258 mmol/L) on at least one occasion. Cholesterol 240mg/dL (6.2064 mmol/L) on at least one occasion. An increase in LDL cholesterol of 30 mg/dL (0.769 mmol/L) has been very commonly observed. Mean change among patients who had this increase was 41.7 mg/dL (1.07 mmol/L). See text below Platelets 100 x 109/L on at least one occasion Based on clinical trial adverse event reports of blood creatine phosphokinase increase not associated with neuroleptic malignant syndrome Prolactin levels (patients>18 years of age): >20 g/L (>869.56 pmol/L) males; >30 g/L (>1304.34 pmol/L) females at any time May lead to falls HDL cholesterol: <40 mg/dL (1.025 mmol/L) males; <50 mg/dL (1.282 mmol/L) females at any time. Incidence of patients who have a QTc shift from <450 msec to 450 msec with a 30 msec increase. In placebo-controlled trials with quetiapine the mean change and the incidence of patients who have a shift to a clinically significant level is similar between quetiapine and placebo.

Cases of QT-prolongation, ventricular arrythmia, sudden unexplained death, cardiac arrest and Torsade de Pointes have been reported with the use of neuroleptics and are considered class effects. In short-term, placebo-controlled clinical trials in schizophrenia and bipolar mania the aggregated incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms was similar to placebo (schizophrenia: 7.8% for quetiapine and 8.0% for placebo; bipolar mania: 11.2% for quetiapine and 11.4% for placebo). In short-term, placebocontrolled clinical trials in bipolar depression the aggregated incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms was 8.9% for quetiapine compared to 3.8% for placebo, though the incidence of the individual adverse events (eg, akathisia, extrapyramidal disorder, tremor, dyskinesia, dystonia, restlessness, muscle contractions involuntary, psychomotor hyperactivity and muscle rigidity) were generally low and did not exceed 4% in any treatment group. Quetiapine treatment was associated with small dose-related decreases in thyroid hormone levels, particularly total T4 and free T4. The reduction in total and free T 4 was maximal within the first two to four weeks of quetiapine treatment, with no further reduction during long-term treatment. In nearly all cases, cessation of quetiapine treatment was associated with a reversal of the effects on total and free T4, irrespective of the duration of treatment. Smaller decreases in total T3 and reverse T3 were seen only at higher doses. Levels of TBG were unchanged and in general, reciprocal increases in TSH were not observed, with no indication that quetiapine causes clinically significant hypothyroidism. Children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) The same ADRs described above for adults should be considered for children and adolescents. The following table summarises ADRs that occur in a higher frequency category in children and adolescents patients (10-17 years of age) than in the adult population or ADRs that have not been identified in the adult population. The frequencies of adverse events are ranked according to the following: Very common (>1/10), common (>1/100, <1/10), uncommon (>1/1000, <1/100), rare (>1/10,000, <1/1000) and very rare (<1/10,000). Metabolism and nutritional disorders

- 21 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

Very common: Increased appetite Investigations Very common: Elevations in prolactin1, increases in blood pressure2 Nervous system disorders Very common: Extrapyramidal symptoms3 General disorders and administration site conditions Common: Irritability4 1. Prolactin levels (patients < 18 years of age): >20 ug/L (>869.56 pmol/L) males; >26 ug/L (>1130.428 pmol/L) females at any time. Less than 1% of patients had an increase to a prolactin level >100 ug/L. 2. Based on shifts above clinically significant thresholds (adapted from the National Institutes of Health criteria) or increases >20mmHg for systolic or >10 mmHg for diastolic blood pressure at any time in two acute (3-6 weeks) placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescents. 3. See section 5.1 4. Note: The frequency is consistent to that observed in adults, but irritability might be associated with different clinical implications in children and adolescents as compared to adults. 4.9 Overdose Fatal outcome has been reported in clinical trials following an acute overdose at 13.6 grams, and in post-marketing on doses as low as 6 grams of quetiapine alone. However, survival has also been reported following acute overdoses of up to 30 grams. In post-marketing experience, there have been very rare reports of overdose of quetiapine alone resulting in death or coma or QT-prolongation. Patients with pre-existing severe cardiovascular disease may be at an increased risk of the effects of overdose. (see section 4.4). In general, reported signs and symptoms were those resulting from an exaggeration of the substance's known pharmacological effects, i.e., drowsiness and sedation, tachycardia and hypotension. There is no specific antidote to quetiapine. In cases of severe signs, the possibility of multiple agent involvement should be considered, and intensive care procedures are recommended, including establishing and maintaining a patent airway, ensuring adequate oxygenation and ventilation, and monitoring and support of the cardiovascular system. Whilst the prevention of absorption in overdose has not been investigated, gastric lavage (after intubation, if patient is unconscious) and administration of activated charcoal together with a laxative should be considered. Close medical supervision and monitoring should be continued until the patient recovers. 5 5.1 PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES Pharmacodynamic properties Pharmacotherapeutic group: Antipsychotics, Diazepines, oxazepines, and and thiazepines ATC code: N05A H04 Mechanism of Action Quetiapine is a substance with atypical antipsychotic activity, which interacts with a broad spectrum of neurotransmitter receptors. Quetiapine exhibits affinity to cerebral serotoninergic (5HT2) and dopaminergic D1 and D2 receptors. It is assumed that this combination of a receptor antagonist with high selectivity for 5HT2 compared with D2 receptors is responsible for the antipsychotic properties and the less pronounced extrapyrimidal motor side effect profile of quetiapine. Quetiapine also exhibits high affinity for histaminergic and -1-adrenergic receptors, but less affinity for -2-adrenergic receptors and negligible affinity for muscarinic acetylcholine receptors or benzodiazepine receptors. Quetiapine is active in tests to investigate antipsychotic potential, such as the conditional avoidance test. It also blocks the activity of dopamine agonists, as measured electrophysiologically or by observing behaviour. In addition, it raises the concentration of dopamine metabolites, a neurochemical index for D2-receptor blockade. Pharmacodynamic effects In preclinical tests which allow conclusions to be drawn about extrapyramidal motor side effects, quetiapine exhibits an atypical profile which is different from that of standard antipsychotics. Quetiapine does not lead to hypersensitivity of the D2-receptor after chronic administration. Quetiapine only causes a low degree of catalepsy at doses giving effective D2-receptor blockade. After chronic administration, quetiapine exhibits selectivity for the limbic system, as it triggers depolarisation - 22 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

blockade in mesolimbic neurones, but not in nigrostriatal neurones containing dopamine. Acute or chronically administered quetiapine has minimal effect in triggering dystonia in capuchin monkeys, either with or without haloperidol sensitisation. From the results of these tests it can be concluded that quetiapine probably possesses only minimal potential to trigger extrapyramidal motor side effects. Moreover, it is assumed that substances with a minimal tendency to trigger extrapyramidal motor side effects also have only slight potential to trigger tardive dyskinesia (see section 4.8). The extent to which the N-desalkyl quetiapine metabolite contributes to the pharmacological activity of quetiapine in humans is not known. Clinical Efficacy The results of three placebo-controlled clinical trials in patients with schizophrenia, including one that used a dose range of quetiapine of 75 to 750 mg/day, identified no difference between quetiapine and placebo in the incidence of EPS or use of concomitant anticholinergics. In four controlled trials, evaluating doses of quetiapine up to 800 mg for the treatment of bipolar mania, two each in monotherapy and as adjunct therapy to lithium or valproate semisodium, there were no differences between the quetiapine and placebo treatment groups in the incidence of EPS or concomitant use of anticholinergics. In the treatment of moderate to severe manic episodes, quetiapine demonstrated superior efficacy to placebo in reduction of manic symptoms at 3 and 12 weeks, in two monotherapy trials. Quetiapine data in combination with divalproex or lithium in acute moderate to severe manic episodes at 3 and 6 weeks is limited; however, combination therapy was well tolerated. The data showed an additive effect at week 3. A second study did not demonstrate an additive effect at week 6. The mean last week median dose of quetiapine in responders was approximately 600 mg/day and approximately 85% of the responders were in the dose range of 400 to 800 mg/day. In 4 clinical trials with a duration of 8 weeks in patients with moderate to severe depressive episodes in bipolar I or bipolar II disorder, quetiapine 300 mg and 600 mg was significantly superior to placebo treated patients for the relevant outcome measures: mean improvement on the MADRS and for response defined as at least a 50% improvement in MADRS total score from baseline. There was no difference in magnitude of effect between the patients who received 300 mg quetiapine and those who received 600 mg dose. In the continuation phase in two of these studies, it was demonstrated that long-term treatment, of patients who responded on quetiapine 300 or 600 mg, was efficacious compared to placebo treatment with respect to depressive symptoms, but not with regard to manic symptoms. In two recurrence prevention studies evaluating quetiapine in combination with mood stabilizers, in patients with manic, depressed or mixed mood episodes, the combination with quetiapine was superior to mood stabilizers monotherapy in increasing the time to recurrence of any mood event (manic, mixed or depressed). The risk of a recurrent event was reduced by 70%. Quetiapine was administered twicedaily totalling 400 mg to 800 mg a day as combination therapy to lithium or valproate. In one long-term study (up to 2 years treatment) evaluating recurrence prevention in patients with manic, depressed or mixed mood episodes quetiapine was superior to placebo in increasing the time to recurrence of any mood event (manic, mixed or depressed), in patients with bipolar I disorder. The number of patients with a mood event was 91 (22.5%) in the quetiapine group, 208 (51.5%) in the placebo group and 95 (26.1%) in the lithium treatment groups respectively. In patients who responded to quetiapine, when comparing continued treatment with quetiapine to switching to lithium, the results indicated that a switch to lithium treatment does not appear to be associated with an increased time to recurrence of a mood event. Clinical studies have shown that quetiapine is active after twice daily administration, although the half life of quetiapine is about 7 hours. This has been confirmed in an investigation with positron emission tomography (PET), which showed that quetiapine binds to 5HT2- and D2-receptors for up to 12 hours. The safety and efficacy of doses above 800 mg have not been investigated. The long-term efficacy of quetiapine in prevention of schizophrenic relapses has not been verified in blinded clinical trials. In open label trials, in patients with schizophrenia, quetiapine was effective in maintaining the clinical improvement during continuation therapy in patients who showed an initial treatment response, suggesting some long-term efficacy.

- 23 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

In placebo-controlled monotherapy trials in patients with a baseline neutrophil count 1.5 X 109/L, the incidence of at least one occurrence of neutrophil count <1.5 X 109/L, was 1.72% in patients treated with quetiapine compared to 0.73% in placebo-treated patients. In all clinical trials (placebo-controlled, open-label, active comparator; patients with a baseline neutrophil count 1.5 X 109/L), the incidence of at least one occurrence of neutrophil count <0.5 X 109/L was 0.21% in patients treated with quetiapine and 0% in placebo treated patients and the incidence 0.5 - <1.0 X 109/L was 0.75% in patients treated with quetiapine and 0.11% in placebo-treated patients. Children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) The efficacy and safety of quetiapine was studied in a 3-week placebo controlled study for the treatment of mania (n= 284 patients from the US, aged 10-17). About 45% of the patient population had an additional diagnosis of ADHD. In addition, a 6-week placebo controlled study for the treatment of schizophrenia (n = 222 patients, aged 13-17) was performed. In both studies, patients with known lack of response to Quetiapine film-coated tablets were excluded. Treatment with quetiapine was initiated at 50 mg/day and on day 2 increased to 100 mg/day; subsequently the dose was titrated to a target dose (mania 400-600 mg/day; schizophrenia 400-800 mg/day) using increments of 100 mg/day given two or three times daily. In the mania study, the difference in LS mean change from baseline in YMRS total score (active minus placebo) was ­5.21 for Quetiapine film-coated tablets 400 mg/day and ­6.56 for quetiapine 600 mg/day. Responder rates (YMRS improvement 50%) were 64% for quetiapine 400 mg/day, 58% for 600 mg/day and 37% in the placebo arm. In the schizophrenia study, the difference in LS mean change from baseline in PANSS total score (active minus placebo) was ­8.16 for quetiapine 400 mg/day and ­9.29 for Quetiapine film-coated tablets 800 mg/day. Neither low dose (400 mg/day) nor high dose regimen (800 mg/day) quetiapine was superior to placebo with respect to the percentage of patients achieving response, defined as 30% reduction from baseline in PANSS total score. Both in mania and schizophrenia higher doses resulted in numerically lower response rates. No data are available on maintenance of effect or recurrence prevention in this age group. A 26-week open-label extension to the acute trials (n= 380 patients), with quetiapine flexibly dosed at 400-800 mg/day, provided additional safety data. Increases in blood pressure were reported in children and adolescents and increased appetite, extrapyramidal symptoms and elevations in serum prolactin were reported with higher frequency in children and adolescents than in adult patients (see sections 4.4 and 4.8). Extrapyramidal Symptoms In a short-term placebo-controlled monotherapy trial in adolescent patients (13-17 years of age) with schizophrenia, the aggregated incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms was 12.9% for quetiapine and 5.3% for placebo, though the incidence of the individual adverse events (e.g. akathisia, tremor, extrapyramidal disorder, hypokinesia, restlessness, psychomotor hyperactivity, muscle rigidity, dyskinesia) did not exceed 4.1% in any treatment group. In a short-term placebo-controlled monotherapy trial in children and adolescent patients (10-17 years of age) with bipolar mania, the aggregated incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms was 3.6% for quetiapine and 1.1% for placebo. In a long-term open label study of schizophrenia and bipolar mania, the aggregated incidence of treatment-emergent EPS was 10%. Weight Gain In short-term clinical trials in paediatric patients (10-17 years of age), 17% of quetiapine-treated patients and 2.5% of placebo-treated patients gained 7% of their body weight. When adjusting for normal growth over longer term, an increase of at least 0.5 standard deviation from baseline in Body Mass Index (BMI) was used as a measure of a clinically significant change; 18.3% of patients who were treated with quetiapine for at least 26 weeks met this criterion. Suicide/Suicidal thoughts or Clinical worsening In short-term placebo-controlled clinical trials in paediatric patients with schizophrenia, the incidence of suicide related events was 1.4% (2/147) for quetiapine and 1.3% (1/75) for placebo in patients <18 years of age. In short-term placebo-controlled trials in paediatric patients with bipolar mania, the incidence of suicide related events was 1.0% (2/193) for quetiapine and 0% (0/90) for placebo in patients <18 years of age. - 24 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

5.2

Pharmacokinetic properties After oral absorption, quetiapine is well absorbed and extensively metabolised. The main metabolites in human plasma possess no significant pharmacological activity. The bioavailability of quetiapine is not significantly impaired if food is consumed at the same time. The elimination half life of quetiapine is approx. 7 hours. Quetiapine binding to plasma protein is about 83%. The pharmacokinetics of quetiapine are linear and are the same in men and women. The average clearance of quetiapine in elderly subjects is 30 to 50% lower than in adults aged between 18 and 65 years. In subjects with severely impaired renal function (creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2), the mean plasma clearance was reduced by about 25%, although the individual clearance values were still within the range for healthy subjects. Quetiapine is extensively metabolised in the liver. After administration of radio-labelled quetiapine, less than 5% is eliminated as the unchanged substance in urine or faeces. About 73% of the radioactivity is eliminated in the urine and 21% in the faeces. In persons with impaired liver function (stable alcohol-related cirrhosis), the mean plasma clearance of quetiapine is reduced by about 25%. As quetiapine is extensively metabolised in the liver, raised plasma concentrations are expected in patients with impaired liver function, so that dose adjustment may be necessary in these patients (see 4.2). In vitro studies have confirmed that the enzyme CYP3A4 is primarily responsible for quetiapine metabolism via the cytochrome P450 system. It was shown that quetiapine and some of its metabolites cause weak inhibition of the activity of the 1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 and 3A4 isozymes of cytochrome P450, but only at concentrations which were at least 10-fold to 50-fold greater than the concentrations after the normally active daily doses of 300 to 450 mg. On the basis of these in vitro results, it is improbable that quetiapine will cause clinically significant inhibition of the cytochrome P450dependent metabolism of other drugs administered at the same time. Animal studies indicate that quetiapine can induce cytochrome P450 enzymes. On the other hand, a specific interaction study in psychotic patients found no increase in the activity of cytochrome P450 after administration of quetiapine. Steady-state peak molar concentrations of the active metabolite N-desalkyl quetiapine are 35% of that observed for quetiapine. The elimination half-lives of quetiapine and N-desalkyl quetiapine are approximately 7 and 12 hours, respectively. In a multiple-dose trial in healthy volunteers to assess the pharmacokinetics of quetiapine given before and during treatment with ketoconazole, co­administration of ketoconazole resulted in an increase in mean Cmax and AUC of quetiapine of 235% and 522%, respectively, with a corresponding decrease in mean oral clearance of 84%. The mean half-life of quetiapine increased from 2.6 to 6.8 hours, but the mean tmax was unchanged. Children and adolescents (10 to 17 years of age) Pharmacokinetic data were sampled in 9 children aged 10-12 years old and 12 adolescents, who were on steady-state treatment with 400 mg quetiapine twice daily. At steady-state, the dose-normalised plasma levels of the parent compound, quetiapine, in children and adolescents (10-17 years of age) were in general similar to adults, though Cmax in children was at the higher end of the range observed in adults. The AUC and Cmax for the active metabolite, norquetiapine, were higher, approximately 62% and 49% in children (10-12 years), respectively and 28% and 14% in adolescents (13-17 years), respectively, compared to adults.

5.3

Preclinical safety data There was no evidence of genotoxicity in a number of in vitro and in vivo genotoxicity studies. Animal studies revealed the following changes after clinically significant exposure, however these changes have not been confirmed in long-term clinical studies. Pigment deposits have been detected in rat thyroids. In cynomolgus monkeys, hypertrophy of follicular thyroid cells has been observed, together with reductions in the T3 plasma concentration, the haemoglobin concentration and the erythrocyte and leuokocyte counts. Lens opacity and cataracts were found in dogs. These findings must be borne in mind when the benefits and possible risks to patients of quetiapine are weighed up.

- 25 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

Mammary gland adenocarcinomas were statistically significantly increased in female rats at all doses tested 0.3, 0.9, and 3.0 times the maximum recommended human dose on a mg/m2 basis. Serum measurements in a 1-yr toxicity study showed that quetiapine increased median serum prolactin levels a maximum of 32- and 13-fold in male and female rats, respectively. Increases in mammary neoplasms have been found in rodents after chronic administration of other antipsychotic drugs and are considered to be prolactin-mediated. The relevance of this increased incidence of prolactin-mediated mammary gland tumors in rats to human risk is unknown. 6 6.1 PHARMACEUTICAL PARTICULARS List of excipients Tablet Core: Lactose monohydrate Microcrystalline cellulose PH101 Calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate Sodium starch glycolate, Type A Povidone (K-30) Magnesium stearate Film coating: Opadry II yellow 85F92349: Polyvinyl alcohol, partially hydrolyzed; Titanium dioxide; Macrogol/PEG 3350; Talc; Iron oxide yellow 6.2 Incompatibilities Not applicable. Shelf life 3 years Special precautions for storage This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions. Nature and contents of container PVC/PE/PVdC/Al blister packs Pack sizes: 60 film-coated tablets White HDPE tablet containers with white polypropylene screw caps with child-resistant, tamper evident ring Pack sizes: 100 film-coated tablets Not all pack sizes may be marketed. 6.6 7 Special precautions for disposal No special requirements MARKETING AUTHORISATION HOLDER Norpharm Regulatory Services Limited 26 Laurence Street Drogheda, Co. Louth Ireland MARKETING AUTHORISATION NUMBER(S) PL 20438/0027 DATE OF FIRST AUTHORISATION/RENEWAL OF THE AUTHORISATION 23/07/2010 DATE OF REVISION OF THE TEXT 23/07/2010

6.3

6.4

6.5

8 9 10

- 26 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

- 27 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

- 28 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

- 29 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

- 30 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

- 31 -

UKPAR Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets

PL 20438/0027

- 32 -

Information

Microsoft Word - updated-Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets PL 20438_0027final.doc

32 pages

Report File (DMCA)

Our content is added by our users. We aim to remove reported files within 1 working day. Please use this link to notify us:

Report this file as copyright or inappropriate

532633


You might also be interested in

BETA
Microsoft Word - updated-Quetiapine 25100150200 and 300mg Film-Coated Tablets PL 24668_0163-7.doc
Microsoft Word - PSWC2010-002349.doc
Microsoft Word - updated-Quetiapine 150mg Film-Coated Tablets PL 20438_0027final.doc