`Map: Bartels, Hoffman, Michelitch - Physical Science Author: Chuck Hoffman Created: 10/19/2007Type: ProjectedGrade Level: 8School Year: 2007-2008District/Building: Minisink Valley CSD/Middle School Last Updated: 11/06/2007This map copied from: Science: Grade 8 - Bajohr/Harouche/Anderson by Michele Bajohr Essential Questions How does the scientific method help to solve problems? Why do scientists use the scientific method? Why do scientists test one variable (independent) at a time? What is the sequence of the scientific method? Why are graphs important? How do scientists graph data? What are the rules to follow when working in the science laboratory? How do we properly use the triple beam balance, graduated cylinder, over flow tank, and microscope? How is a well designed investigation developed? How are graphs useful to show trends in data? How do you determine the factor that is the independent/ dependent variable? Why do scientists use the metric system? How do we convert between units when using the metric system? Scientific Method Constants Control Group Observation Inference Independent Variable Dependent Variable Hypothesis Conclusion Round to the nearest tenth when making measurements. analyzing method Scientific Method Worksheet Distinguish between different types of measurements and units. Compute mass by difference and when using weighing paper. Measure length, mass, volume and density . Discuss why scientists use the scientific method when solving a problem. Content Scientific Method/ Review of Measurement and Graphing in the context of the scientific method. Mathematic deductive and inductive reasoning are used to reach mathematical conclusions. Critical thinking skills are used in the solution of mathematical problems. Skills List the steps of the scientific method in order. Assessments Scientific Method Experiment very basic experiement Standards/PIs MST1-K4-2B MST1-K4-2A MST1-K4-2C Define all of the steps of the scientific method. Scientific Method Worksheet #1 MST1-K4-2D MST1-K5-2A order of method MST1-K5-2B Match the steps of the scientific method with the definition of the step. Review Sheet- Scientific method, Measurement, and Graphing Test- Scientific Method Test, Graphing Test, Measurement Quiz- Scientific Method, Measurement, and Graphing, Sponge Bob on Independent and Dependent Variable Laboratory ExperimentsScientific Method, Mass, Length, Volume, Density Worksheets- Scientific Method, Mass, Length, Units, Volume, Density MST1-K5-2C MST1-K6-2A MST1-K6-2C MST1-K6-2B MST6-K3-3A MST2-K1-1A MST2-K1-1C MST2-K1-1D MST2-K1-1EScientific inquiry involves the testing of proposed explanations involving the use of conventional techniques and procedures and usually requiring considerable ingenuity. The observations made while testing proposed explanations, when analyzed using conventional and invented methods, provide new insights into phenomena.Explain the importance of the scientific method.Demonstrate the scientific method.Observation- of Design charts, tables, graphs that Cooperative Assignments address their research question. Puzzle- Measurement Question and answer - Scientific Method, Graphing and Measurementscientific method testData Tables Measurement Labs: Graphs Mass Volume Length Density graphing rubric scientific method notes (fill-in) measurement word bank More notes: vocabulary notes Most Used Version In Binder in Room 227 Alternate Version Attached Length lab and notes sci.method worksheet Assess the length, mass, volume and density of different objects. Volume Lab Alternate Density Lab (clay) in Bin in Room 252 Density LabVocabulary Scientific Method, Review Graphing, Review Measurement: Hypothesis, Variable, Independent Variable, Dependent, Variable, Problem, Materials, Inference, Observation, Analyze, Data, Conclusion, Constants, Control Group, Controlled Variables, Scientific Method, Experiment, Results, Line graph, Data Tables, Mass, Volume, Length, Density, Triple Beam Balance, Graduated Cylinder, Scale, UnitsMass noteslength notesChemistry How is matter classified? Why is matter classified? Why is the classification system important? Matter is made up of particles whose properties are observable. Observe and describe properties of materials, such as density, conductivity, and solubility.Identify phase changes in matter. Interpret a phase change diagram.MST4-K3-3B Test- Periodic Table, Basic Chemistry, Phase Change Quiz- Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures, Chemistry, Physical and Chemical Change Lab Worksheets- Atomic Structure, Periodic table of elements, What are Atoms?, Properties of Metals Experiments- Classification of Matter, Comparing Physical and Chemical Changes Lab, Phase Change Puzzle/Games- Matter, Atomic Bingo Group Quiz- Phase Changes MST4-K3-3A MST4-K3-3C MST4-K4-4C MST4-K4-4B MST1-K4-2A MST1-K4-2B MST1-K4-2C MST1-K4-2D MST1-K5-2A MST1-K5-2B MST1-K5-2C chemistry quiz MST1-K6-2A MST1-K6-2B MST1-K6-2CGeneral properties of matter:Differentiate between chemical and physical changes and properties.Phases of matter Describe the arrangement and movement of particles in solids, liquids and gases. Phase changesChemical properties and changes Explain the importance of a system of classification. Phase Change Lab Phase change lab Phase Change Quiz phase change quizClassify matter according to its importance.Describe the properties of mixtures.Distinguish between homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures.Compare the properties of solutions with other mixtures.Explain why elements are pure substances.Explain why compounds are pure substances.Describe how atomic theory developed and changed, Describe the modern model of the atom. Explain how Mendeleev discovered the pattern that letd to the periodic table. Explain how elements are created in stars. List the physical properties of metals. Explain how the reactivity of metals changes across the periodic table. Explain how the elements that follow uranium are produced. Describe the properties of nonmetals. Tell how metalloids are useful. Describe how radioactivity was discovered. Identify the types of particles and energy that radioactive decay can produce. Describe how radioactive isotopes are useful.Elements and the periodic table.Discuss how chemical symbols, formulas and balanced equations are used to describe a chemical reaction.MST4-K3-3B Test- Periodic Table, Basic Chemistry, Phase Change Quiz- Elements, Compounds, and Mixtures, Chemistry, Physical and Chemical Change Lab Worksheets- Atomic Structure, Periodic table of elements, What are Atoms?, Properties of Metals MST4-K3-3C MST4-K4-4C MST1-K4-2A MST1-K4-2C MST1-K4-2D MST1-K4-2DDevelopment of an atomic modelA divisible atomForces within the atomClassify three subatomic particles according to location, charge and Experiments- Classification of mass. Matter, Comparing Physical and Chemical Changes Lab, Phase Define the terms atomic number, Change mass number, and atomic mass , isotope.The modern periodic tableDefine periodic properties. Using the periodic tablePeriodic properties of elements Define the difference between groups and periods. Properties of metals and nonmetals Compare the properties of metals, non-metals, and metalloids.HalogensNoble gases Describe the properties of noble gases, halogens and rare earth elements.Classes of MatterChemical Equations Define a molecule, compound, mixture. Exothermic/Endothermic ReactionsNature of solutionsExplain bonding based upon valence electrons.Water as a solvent Draw and interpret electron dotdiagrams. MixturesElementsCompoundsSubatomic ParticlesVocabulary for Chemistry:atom, chemical equation,chemical formula, coefficient, compound, element, heterogeneous matter, heterogeneous mixture, homogeneous matter, homogeneous mixture, mixture, molecule, substance, subscript, atomic mass, atomic number, electron, proton, neutron, isotope, mass, matter, neutron, nucleus, solid, liquid, gas, plasma, melting, freezing, vaporization, condensation, evaporation, sublimation, deposition, physical property, chemical property, chemical change, physical change, valence electrons, energy levelsChemistry Review SheetEssential Questions What is energy? What are the different forms of energy?Content Physical ScienceSkills Define energy.Assessments Worksheets- What is energy?, Types of Energy, Heat Transfer, Heat and TemperatureStandards/PIs MST4-K4-4A MST4-K4-4B MST4-K4-4CEnergy How is energy measured? Why is the total energy in the universe constant? How is energy transferred? How does energy transformation occur? Why are fossil fuels considered nonrenewable resources? How is energy conserved? How is energy measured? Energy exists in many forms, and when these forms change energy is conserved. Sources and transformations of energy observed in everyday life Nature of energy Kinetic and Potential Energy Energy conversion Conservation of energy Vocabulary for Energy: Chemical energy, Mechanical energy, Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy, Electromagnetic Energy, Nuclear Energy, Heat Energy, Energy, Gravitational Potential Energy (GPE), Joules, Law of Conservation, Convection, RadiationDescribe five forms of energy and give examples of each. Comparison- Heat and Temperature and Conduction, Convection, and Radiation (Venn Diagram) Drawing- Conduction, Convection, and Radiation Explain the relationship between kinetic energy, mass and velocity. Experiment- Heat Transfer with Conductometer, Bouncing Ball, Roller Coaster and Marble Launcher Newspaper Write-up regarding energy transformations Quiz- Heat Transfer, Energy Conversions, Potential and Kinetic Energy Test- Heat and Temperature, Energy Explain the law of conservation of energy. Puzzle- Energy TransformationMST4-K4-4EDistinguish between kinetic and potential energy.Calculate gravitational potential energy.Identify several energy conversions.notes on energy (fill-in)Ball ExperimentPhysical Science How do energy and matter interact through forces that result in changes in motion? Define motion. Motion and Forces Energy and matter interact through forces that result in changes in motion. There are different patterns of motion of objects. Forces affect the motion of objects. Motion is judged with respect to a frame of reference. The motion of an object can be described by its position, direction and speed. Newton's Laws of Motion Solve for speed, momentum, force, and velocity. Relate motion to a frame of reference. Describe speed in terms of distance and time. Identify Newton's three laws. Explain motion in terms of Newton's three laws. Identify the effect of forces on motion. Interpret graphs.Experiments- Balloon Race, &quot;Speedy&quot; Graphing- Speed, Constant Speed, Velocity, and Acceleration Calculating- Speed, Velocity and Acceleration Test- Motion, Forces and Motion and Forces Quiz- Newton's Three Laws of Motion, Formulas and Calculations, Graphing Motion Drawing- Forces Acting on ObjectMST4-K5-5A MST4-K5-5B MST1-K1-1A MST1-K3-1A MST1-K4-2A MST1-K4-2B MST1-K4-2D MST1-K5-2B MST1-K5-2C MST1-K6-2AConstruct hypothesis based upon Worksheets- Using Newton's laws of motion. Laws of Motion, Application of Laws, Balanced Forces, Describing Devise a procedure to test how Motion, Motion Review Sheet, friction affects speed. Triangle Practice, Word Problems with Three Steps Generate data tables and graphsMST1-K6-2B MST1-K6-2C MST2-K1-1ALaw of Conservation of Momentum Review graphing as it relates to speed and acceleration. Types of friction Balanced vs. unbalanced forces Gravityfor data collected. MST2-K1-1B Interpret results based upon Newton's Laws of motion. Solve problems based upon the formulas for speed, momentum and forces. motion and forces test MST2-K1-1C MST2-K1-1D MST3-8.A.2 MST3-8.A.3 MST3-8.A.15force testWeight vs. mass MST3-8.A.17 Vocabulary for Motion and Forces: Newton Search on the Acceleration, Average Speed, Constant Speed, Deceleration, Frame of Reference, Law of Conservation of Momentum, Momentum, Motion, Slope, Speed,Velocity, Balanced Force, First Law of Motion, Fluid Friction, Force, Friction, Gravity, Inertia, Lubricants, Rolling Friction, Second Law of Motion, Sliding Friction, Third Law of Motion, Unbalanced Force Internet Application of Newton's Laws Worksheet MST3-8.A.19application of lawsThe importance in connecting the multiple topics of motion;i.e. Speed Acceleration;Momentum;and Velocity. Connecting the concepts of motion with the next topic of force. Implementing Friction and Newton's three laws of motion. Using the topic of friction to explain why things do not move as one may expect them to. The importance of gravity to ourlives. The proper use of a triple beam balance to figure the mass of objects.*Connecting together the motion topics with review homework.Being able to tell the difference between each type of motion by looking at the units of a problem.Unit test for all forms of motion. Homework on friction and Newton's laws of motion. Lab on both friction and Newton's three laws. Homework on speed and acceleration. Lab on speed and acceleration.MST1-K6-2A MST1-K6-2B MST1-K6-2BVocabulary for friction and Newton's three laws of motion.Telling the difference between the three types of friction and the signifigance of each type.MST1-K6-2C MST1-K5-2A MST1-K5-2AHow to calculate the force of an object using the mass and acceleration of an object.Taking the three laws of motion and applying them to real life situations.MST1-K5-2B Unit test on force,friction,Newton's laws and gravity. Lab on the triple beam balance using unknown containers. MST1-K5-2C MST1-K4-2AGiving life examples for the three laws of motion to make them seem more realistic.Having the ability to signify the importance of gravity on Earth compared to on other planets.MST1-K4-2B MST1-K4-2C MST1-K4-2D MST1-K3-1A MST1-K1-1ALearning that gravity actually has a numerical value.Calculating gravity of an object when falling toward the earth's surface.Essential Questions How can I best prepare for the 8th Grade Science Performance Test and Written Test? (see measurement essential questions covered in September) How are classification systems developed? Where in the world around us do we use classification systems? Why is classification important to scientist? How is the name of an organism determined? Why was the invention of the microscope so important?Content New York State 8th Grade Science Performance Test PreparationSkills See skills from Unit #1AssessmentsStandards/PIs MST4-K5-5A MST4-K5-5B MST1-K4-2A(TO BE DONE PRIOR TO ADMINISTRATION OF EXAM)Measure length, volume, density, mass.Practice Performance Test provided by Boces 3 Stations set up in three different classroomsMST1-K4-2B MST1-K4-2C MST1-K5-2A MST1-K5-2BBasic Practice Stations provided by BocesExplain how to measure density.Each station can be graded as a test. Assessment is set-up as follows:Interpret charts and graphs. Station 1: Density station with soaps Describe the procedure used to get volume of an odd-shaped object, liquid, and regularly shaped object. Station 2: Ball and Ramp Station 3: Microscope Station Previous versions of the New York State Written Test for preparation for New York State exam.a) Review Microscopeb) Review Classification Manipulate the density formula to solve for volume or mass. c) Review Measurement - length, volume, mass, density, comparison of density of different materials to the density of water, placement of objects in containers with water.Estimate the location of objects when placed into water.d) Review speed, momentum, velocity.Draw picture which accurately reflects position based upon density comparisons.Evaluate the difference in density between the objects provided.Practice/Review for New York State Written TestOperate microscope, triple beam balance, ruler and graduated cylinder properly.a) Review grade 5 through grade 8 by providing students with a list of New York State standards.Formulate conclusions based upon data collected.b) Practice previously given New York State tests.Construct graphs based upon data collects.Collect data using instruments supplied.Apply ELA strategies.Identify external forces associated with weathering and erosion wear Layers of the Earth down Earth's surface. Describe internal forces associated with faulting and volcanism buil up Earth's surface. Explain how weathering is the breaking down of rocks into smaller pieces. Weathering is caused by physical agents such as ice wedging and chemical agents such as oxygenDescribe some of the major features of the earth.Other Quiz- Properties of the Earth's Interior, Moon's Phases, Internet Weather ActivityMST1-K4-2A MST1-K4-2B MST1-K4-2CExplain the causes of day and night and the seasons.MST1-K4-2D MST1-K2-1A MST1-K4-2ADescribe the major features of the moon.MST1-K4-2B MST5-K5-5AIdentify the interactions between the sun, moon, and earth. Layers of the atmosphere Determine locations based upon longitude and latitude.MST1-K4-2B MST4-K1-1A MST4-K2-2A MST4-K2-2B MST5-K3-3BLatitude and longitude Compare three types of rocks. MST6-K3-3A MST6-K2-2A Explain the rock cycle. MST6-K2-2B MST7-K1-1C Plate Tectonics Relate seismic wave analysis to the composition of the core. MST7-K1-1D MST7-K2-2A MST7-K2-2B List the layers of the earth. MST7-K2-2F Describe the characteristics of the inner core, outer core, mantle and crust.Rocks and MineralsVocabulary for Earth Science: Identify the processes of the water cycle.Describe the major features of the ocean's floor.Equator, Hemisphere, Longitude, Latitude, Crust, Mantle, Inner core, Outer Core, Seismic Waves, Seismograph, Convection Currents, Exosphere,Identify the gases that make up the earth's atmosphere.Compare the various layers of the atmosphere.Ionosphere, Magnetosphere, Mesosphere, Stratopause, Stratosphere, Thermosphere, Tropopause, Troposhere, Van Allen Radiation Belt, Divergent Boundary, Convergent Boundary, Convection Current, Midocean Ridge, Sea Floor Spreading, Pangaea, Subduction Zone, Tectonics, Theory of Continental Drift, Theory of Plate Tectonics, Transform Boundary, Trench, Epicenter, Focus, Lava, Magma, Richter Scale, Ring of Fire, Volcano, Earthquake, Rock Cycle, Igneous Rock, Metamorphic Rock, Sedimentary Rock, Cleavage, Crystal, Ductility, Fracture, Mineral, Streak, Nonmetal, Hardness, LusterReview the three methods of heat transfer as they relate to weather.Interpret a weather map.Explain how fronts affect weather patterns.Compare the four basic types of air masses.Describe three factors that affect air pressure.Define erosion and deposition.Describe the types of erosion caused by gravity.Explain why water is the major cause of erosion.Explain what happens during an earthquake.Describe how earthquakes are detected.Describe the theory of continental drift.Relate fossil and rock evidence to continental drift.Explain ocean floor spreading.Identify the major lithospheric plates using the reference tables.Explain three types of plate boundaries.Identify some of the ways fossils are formed.Describe how fossils are useful in understanding the earth's past.Explain convection currents in the mantle and the movement of the plates.Compare relative humidity and dew point.Collect data from station models.Measure relative humidity and dew point using a sling psychrometer.How can daily, monthly, and seasonal changes on Earth be explained?AstronomyExplain the causes of day and night and the seasons.How do the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere interact, evolve, and change? WeatherMST4-K5-5B Experiments- Patterns of Crustal Activity, Dew Point, Relative MST4-K5-5A Humidity, Weather Map Creation, Reading a Barograph, Isotherm MST4-K4-4A and Isobars, Moon's Phases, Season Demonstration. MST4-K4-4B Interpreting- Weather Maps, Station Models MST4-K4-4B MST4-K2-2A MST4-K2-2B MST4-K1-1ADescribe the major features of the moon.Layers of the atmosphere Identify the interactions between the sun, moon, and earth.The earth and celestial phenomena can be described by principles of relative motion and perspective.Determine locations based upon longitude and latitude.Atmosphere, Revolution, Rotation, Season, Winter Solstice, Summer Solstice, Equinoxes, Vernal Equinox, Autumnal Equinox, Phases of the Moon, New moon, Waxing Moon, Waning Moon, Waxing Crescent, Waning Crescent, Waxing Gibbous, Waning Gibbous, Full Moon, Eclipse, Penumbra, Solar Eclipse, Lunar Eclipse, Total Eclipse, Tides, Air Mass, Air Pressure, Cold Front, Convection, Dew Point, Front, Greenhouse Effect, Isobar, Isotherm, Land Breeze, Maritime Polar, Maritime Tropical, Continental Tropical, Continental Polar, Meteorologist, Precipitation, Radiation, Relative Humidity, Sea Breeze, Stationary Front, Warm Front, Wind, Station Model, Erosion, Deposition, Humidity Equator, Hemisphere, Longitude, Latitude, Crust, Mantle, Inner core, Outer Core, Seismic Waves, Seismograph, Convection Currents, Exosphere,Identify the gases that make up the earth's atmosphere.Compare the various layers of the atmosphere.Review the three methods of heat transfer as they relate to weather.Interpret a weather map.Ionosphere, Magnetosphere, Mesosphere, Stratopause, Stratosphere, Thermosphere, Tropopause, Troposhere, Van Allen Radiation BeltExplain how fronts affect weather patterns.Compare the four basic types of air masses.Describe three factors that affect air pressure.Compare relative humidity and dew point.Collect data from station models.Measure relative humidity and dew point using a sling psychrometer.Essential Questions To ensure that the students have had enough review for both their class final and their state assesment.Content Review all topics from the year in physics and chemistrySkills Recalls topics from the entire 8th grade yearAssessments Worksheet on review topics for 5th, 6th and 7th grade. Review packets for the entire 8th grade year.Standards/PIsReview topics from weather, rock cycle ,and other earth science topics from 5&amp;6 grade.Reviews from 5 &amp; 6 grade science classReview some topics from 7th grade. Key to Standards used in this MapSummarize the content from 7th,5th and 6th grade classesMST1-K1-1A [2 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 1 [Mathematical Analysis i] - Performance Indicator 1A - extend mathematical notation and symbolism to include variables and algebraic expressions in order to describe and compare quantities and express mathematical relationships. [Intermediate] MST1-K2-1A [1 occurence] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 2 [Mathematical Analysis ii] - Performance Indicator 1A - use inductive reasoning to construct, evaluate, and validate conjectures and arguments, recognizing that patterns and relationships can assist in explaining and extending mathematical phenomena. [Intermediate] MST1-K3-1A [2 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 3 [Mathematical Analysis iii] - Performance Indicator 1A - apply mathematical knowledge to solve real-world problems and problems that arise from the investigation of mathematical ideas, using representations such as pictures, charts, and tables. [Intermediate] MST1-K4-2A [8 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 4 [Scientific Inquiry i] - Performance Indicator 2A - formulate questions independently with the aid of references appropriate for guiding the search for explanations of everyday observations. [Intermediate] MST1-K4-2B [8 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 4 [Scientific Inquiry i] - Performance Indicator 2B - construct explanations independently for natural phenomena, especially by proposing preliminary visual models of phenomena. [Intermediate] MST1-K4-2C [6 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 4 [Scientific Inquiry i] - Performance Indicator 2C - represent, present, and defend their proposed explanations of everyday observations so that they can be understood and assessed by others. [Intermediate] MST1-K4-2D [7 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 4 [Scientific Inquiry i] - Performance Indicator 2D - seek to clarify, to assess critically, and to reconcile with their own thinking the ideas presented by others, including peers, teachers, authors, and scientists. [Intermediate] MST1-K5-2A [5 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 5 [Scientific Inquiry ii] - Performance Indicator 2A - use conventional techniques and those of their own design to make further observations and refine their explanations, guided by a need for more information. [Intermediate] MST1-K5-2B [5 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 5 [Scientific Inquiry ii] - Performance Indicator 2B - develop, present, and defend formal research proposals for testing their own explanations of common phenomena, including ways of obtaining needed observations and ways of conducting simple controlled experiments. [Intermediate] MST1-K5-2C [4 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 5 [Scientific Inquiry ii] - Performance Indicator 2C - carry out their research proposals, recording observations and measurements (e.g., lab notes, audio tape, computer disk, video tape) to help assess the explanation. [Intermediate] MST1-K6-2A [4 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 6 [Scientific Inquiry iii] - Performance Indicator 2A - design charts, tables, graphs and other representations of observations in conventional and creative ways to help them address their research question or hypothesis. [Intermediate] MST1-K6-2B [5 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 6 [Scientific Inquiry iii] - Performance Indicator 2B - interpret the organized data to answer the research question or hypothesis and to gain insight into the problem. [Intermediate] MST1-K6-2C [4 occurences] - MST Standard 1 - Key Idea 6 [Scientific Inquiry iii] - Performance Indicator 2C - modify their personal understanding of phenomena based on evaluation of their hypothesis. [Intermediate] MST2-K1-1A [2 occurences] - MST Standard 2 - Key Idea 1 [Information Systems i] - Performance Indicator 1A - use a range of equipment and software to integrate several forms of information in order to create good quality audio, video, graphic, and text-based presentations. [Intermediate] MST2-K1-1B [1 occurence] - MST Standard 2 - Key Idea 1 [Information Systems i] - Performance Indicator 1B - use spreadsheets and data-base software to collect, process, display, and analyze information. Students access needed information from electronic data bases and on-line telecommunication services. [Intermediate] MST2-K1-1C [2 occurences] - MST Standard 2 - Key Idea 1 [Information Systems i] - Performance Indicator 1C - systematically obtain accurate and relevant information pertaining to a particular topic from a range of sources, including local and national media, libraries, museums, governmental agencies, industries, and individuals. [Intermediate] MST2-K1-1D [2 occurences] - MST Standard 2 - Key Idea 1 [Information Systems i] - Performance Indicator 1D - collect data from probes to measure events and phenomena. [Intermediate] MST2-K1-1E [1 occurence] - MST Standard 2 - Key Idea 1 [Information Systems i] - Performance Indicator 1E - use simple modeling programs to make predictions. [Intermediate] MST4-K1-1A [2 occurences] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 1 [Physical Setting i] - Performance Indicator 1A - explain daily, monthly, and seasonal changes on earth. [Intermediate] MST4-K2-2A [2 occurences] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 2 [Physical Setting ii] - Performance Indicator 2A - explain how the atmosphere (air), hydrosphere (water), and lithosphere (land) interact, evolve, and change. [Intermediate] MST4-K2-2B [2 occurences] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 2 [Physical Setting ii] - Performance Indicator 2B - describe volcano and earthquake patterns, the rock cycle, and weather and climate changes. [Intermediate]MST4-K3-3A [1 occurence] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 3 [Physical Setting iii] - Performance Indicator 3A - observe and describe properties of materials, such as density, conductivity, and solubility. [Intermediate] MST4-K3-3B [2 occurences] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 3 [Physical Setting iii] - Performance Indicator 3B - distinguish between chemical and physical changes. [Intermediate] MST4-K3-3C [2 occurences] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 3 [Physical Setting iii] - Performance Indicator 3C - develop their own mental models to explain common chemical reactions and changes in states of matter. [Intermediate] MST4-K4-4A [2 occurences] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 4 [Physical Setting iv] - Performance Indicator 4A - describe the sources and identify the transformations of energy observed in everyday life. [Intermediate] MST4-K4-4B [4 occurences] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 4 [Physical Setting iv] - Performance Indicator 4B - observe and describe heating and cooling events. [Intermediate] MST4-K4-4C [3 occurences] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 4 [Physical Setting iv] - Performance Indicator 4C - observe and describe energy changes as related to chemical reactions. [Intermediate] MST4-K4-4E [1 occurence] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 4 [Physical Setting iv] - Performance Indicator 4E - describe situations that support the principle of conservation of energy. [Intermediate] MST4-K5-5A [3 occurences] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 5 [Physical Setting v] - Performance Indicator 5A - describe different patterns of motion of objects. [Intermediate] MST4-K5-5B [3 occurences] - MST Standard 4 - Key Idea 5 [Physical Setting v] - Performance Indicator 5B - observe, describe, and compare effects of forces (gravity, electric current, and magnetism) on the motion of objects. [Intermediate] MST5-K3-3B [1 occurence] - MST Standard 5 - Key Idea 3 [Computer Technology] - Performance Indicator 3B - use a computer system to connect to and access needed information from various Internet sites. [Intermediate] MST5-K5-5A [1 occurence] - MST Standard 5 - Key Idea 5 [History and Evolution of Technology] - Performance Indicator 5A - describe how the evolution of technology led to the shift in society from an agricultural base to an industrial base to an information base. [Intermediate] MST6-K2-2A [1 occurence] - MST Standard 6 - Key Idea 2 [Models] - Performance Indicator 2A - select an appropriate model to begin the search for answers or solutions to a question or problem. [Intermediate] MST6-K2-2B [1 occurence] - MST Standard 6 - Key Idea 2 [Models] - Performance Indicator 2B - use models to study processes that cannot be studied directly (e.g., when the real process is too slow, too fast, or too dangerous for direct observation). [Intermediate] MST6-K3-3A [2 occurences] - MST Standard 6 - Key Idea 3 [Magnitude and Scale] - Performance Indicator 3A - cite examples of how different aspects of natural and designed systems change at different rates with changes in scale. [Intermediate] MST7-K1-1C [1 occurence] - MST Standard 7 - Key Idea 1 [Connections] - Performance Indicator 1C - design solutions to real-world problems of general social interest related to home, school, or community using scientific experimentation to inform the solution and applying mathematical concepts and reasoning to assist in developing a solution. [Intermediate] MST7-K1-1D [1 occurence] - MST Standard 7 - Key Idea 1 [Connections] - Performance Indicator 1D - describe and explain phenomena by designing and conducting investigations involving systematic observations, accurate measurements, and the identification and control of variables; by inquiring into relevant mathematical ideas; and by using mathematical and technological tools and procedures to assist in the investigation. [Intermediate] MST7-K2-2A [1 occurence] - MST Standard 7 - Key Idea 2 [Strategies] - Performance Indicator 2A - Working Effectively: Contributing to the work of a brainstorming group, laboratory partnership, cooperative learning group, or project team; planning procedures; identify and managing responsibilities of team members; and staying on task, whether working alone or as part of a group. [Intermediate] MST7-K2-2B [1 occurence] - MST Standard 7 - Key Idea 2 [Strategies] - Performance Indicator 2B - Gathering and Processing Information: Accessing information from printed media, electronic data bases, and community resources and using the information to develop a definition of the problem and to research possible solutions. [Intermediate] MST7-K2-2F [1 occurence] - MST Standard 7 - Key Idea 2 [Strategies] - Performance Indicator 2F - Presenting Results: Using a variety of media to present the solution and to communicate the results. [Intermediate] MST3-8.A.2 [1 occurence] - MST Standard 3 - Algebra Strand - Students will represent and analyze algebraically a wide variety of problem solving situations. [Variables and Expressions] - Performance Indicator 8.A.2 - write verbal expressions that match given mathematical expressions [Grade 8] MST3-8.A.3 [1 occurence] - MST Standard 3 - Algebra Strand - Students will represent and analyze algebraically a wide variety of problem solving situations. [Variables and Expressions] - Performance Indicator 8.A.3 - describe a situation involving relationships that matches a given graph [Grade 8] MST3-8.A.15 [1 occurence] - MST Standard 3 - Algebra Strand - Students will recognize, use, and represent algebraically patterns, relations, and functions. [Patterns, Relations and Functions] - Performance Indicator 8.A.15 - understand that numerical information can be represented in multiple ways: arithmetically, algebraically, and graphically [Grade 8] MST3-8.A.17 [1 occurence] - MST Standard 3 - Algebra Strand - Students will recognize, use, and represent algebraically patterns, relations, and functions. [Patterns, Relations and Functions] - Performance Indicator 8.A.17 - define and use correct terminology when referring to function (domain and range) [Grade 8] MST3-8.A.19 [1 occurence] - MST Standard 3 - Algebra Strand - Students will recognize, use, and represent algebraically patterns, relations, and functions. [Patterns, Relations and Functions] - Performance Indicator 8.A.19 - interpret multiple representations using equation, table of values, and graph [Grade 8]`

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