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AAZPA LIBRARIANS SPECIAL INTEREST GROUP BIBLIOGRAPHY SERVICE The bibliography is provided as a service of the AAZPA LIBRARIANS SPECIAL INTEREST GROUP and THE CONSORTIUM OF AQUARIUMS, UNIVERSITIES AND ZOOS. TITLE: West Indian Primitive Snakes of the Genera Epicrates and Tropidophis: A Bibliography

AUTHOR & INSTITUTION:

Peter J. Tolson, Ph.D. Toledo Zoological Society July, 1990

DATE:

Abbad y Lasierra, I. 1788. Historia Geographica Civil y Natural de la Isla de San Juan Bautista de Puerto Rico. San Juan, Puerto Rico:Editorial Universitaria. [In Spanish. Early reference to E. inornatus.] Amaral, A. do. l929a. Lista remissiva dos ophidios da regiao neotropica. Memorias Instituto Butantan, 4:l26-l27. [In Portuguese.] ------. 1929b. Valor systematico de varias formass do ophidios neotropicos. Memorias Instituto Butantan, 4:3-68. [In Portuguese.] ------. l954. ContribuÇao ao conhecimento dos ophidios neotropicos XXXVII. Subespecies de Epicrates cenchria (Lineu, l758). Memorias Instituto Butantan, 26:227-247. [In Portuguese.] Aquino, A.T. 1983. Anfibios y reptiles de la Hispaniola en peligro de extinction. Conferencia, 1(1):26-30. [In Spanish.] Auffenburg, W. 1963. The fossil snakes of Florida. Tulane Studies in Zoology, 10:131-216. Bailey, J.R. 1937. A review of some recent Tropidophis material. Proceedings of the New England Zoology Club, 16:41-52. Barbour, T. 1906. Additional notes on Bahama snakes. American Naturalist, 40:229-232. ------. 1910. Notes on the herpetology of Jamaica. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 52(15):272-301. ------. l9l6. Additional notes on West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Proceedings of the Biolological Society of Washington, 29:2l5-220.

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------. 1937. Third list of Antillean reptiles and amphibians. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 82:77-166. ------. 1941. A new boa from the Bahamas. Proceedings of the New England Zoology Club, 18:61-65. ------ and C.T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 48:69-213. ------ and B. Shreve. 1935. Concerning some Bahamian reptiles, with notes on the fauna. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, 40(5):347-366. ------. 1936. New races of Tropidophis and of Ameiva from the Bahamas. Proceedings of the New England Zoology Club, 26:1-3. Battersby, J.C. 1938. 11(1):557-560. Some snakes of the genus Tropidophis. Annual Magazine of Natural History,

Bloxam, Q.M.C. 1977. Maintenance and breeding of the Jamaican boa Epicrates subflavus at the Jersey Zoological Park. Dodo (Journal of the Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust), 14:69-73. ------. 1982. Über Haltung und Zucht der Jamaika-Schlankboa (Epicrates subflavus) Stejneger (1901) im Jersey Zoo. Zeitschrift des Kölner Zoo, 25(4):133-137. [In German.] ------ and S. Tonge. 1981. A comparison of reproduction in three species of Epicrates (Serpentes:Boidae) maintained at the Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust. Dodo (Journal of the Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust), 18:64-74. Boettger, O. 1893. Katalog de Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt- am-Main. Frankfurt am Main:Senckenberg Museum. 73pp. [In German.] Bogert, C.M. 1968. The Variations and affinities of the dwarf boas of the genus Ungaliophis. American Museum Novitates, No.2340:1-26. [Notes on evolution of Tropidophis.] Boulenger, G.A. l893. Catalog of the Snakes of the British Museum, Vol.l. London:Longman's. Bowler, K. 1977. Longevity of reptiles and amphibians in North American collections. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles Herpetological Circular, No.6:1-32. Buden, D.W. 1975. Notes on Epicrates chrysogaster (Serpentes:Boidae) of the southern Bahamas, with description of a new subspecies. Herpetologica, 31(2):166-177. ------ and A. Schwartz. 1968. Reptiles and birds of the Cay Sal Bank, Bahama Islands. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences, 31(4):290-320. 2

Butner, A. 1963. An addition to the boid snake Subfamily Tropidophinae. Copeia, 1963(1):160-161. Campbell, I.G. 1951. Notes on snakes near Malvern. Natural History Notes of the Natural History Society of Jamaica, 51:55. Campbell, H.W. and F.G. Thompson. 1978. Observations on a captive Mona Island boa, Epicrates monensis monensis Zenneck. Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society, 14:98-99. Chandler, C.R. and P.J. Tolson 1990. Habitat use by a boid snake, Epicrates monensis, and its anoline prey, Anolis cristatellus. Journal of Herpetology, 24(2):151-157. Cochran, D.M. 1924. Notes on the herpetological collections made by Dr. D.L. Abbot on the island of Haiti. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, 66:1-15. ------. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum, 177:1-398. Cocteau, J.T. and G. Bibron. 1840. In de la Sagra, Historia fiscica, politica y natural de la Isla de Cuba, pp.i, 1-143. Paris. [In Spanish.] Cope, E.D. 1871. Eighth contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 11: 553-59. ------. 1894. The Batrachia and Reptilia of the University of Pennsylvania West Indian Expedition of 1890 and 1891. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 1894:429-442. Coy Otero, A. and N. Lorenzo Hernandez. 1982. Lista de los helmintos parasitos de los vertebratos Cubanos. Poeyana, (235):1-57. [In Spanish.] Crutchfield, T. 1976. Bahamas boa constrictors. Bahamas Naturalist, 1(3):9-13. Cruz, A. and S. Gruber. 1981. The distribution, ecology and breeding biology of Jamaican amazon parrots. In: R.F Pasquier, ed. Conservation of New World Parrots, pp.103-132. International Council for Bird Preservation Technical Publication No.1. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. [Contains reference to E. subflavus predation on Amazona.] Curtiss, A. 1947. Prevalence of snakes in Haiti. Herpetologica, 3:224. Darlington, P.J. 1927. Auto-hemorrhage in Tropidophis semicinctus. Bulletin of the Antivenin Institute of America, 1(2):59. ------. l938. The origin of the fauna of the Greater Antilles with discussion of dispersal of animals over water and through air. Quarterly Review of Biology, l3:274-300.

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Dodd, C.K. 1986. Importation of live snakes and snake products into the United States, 1977-1983. Herpetological Review, 17(4):76-79. Dunn, E.R. and L.H. Saxe. 1950. Results of the Catherwood-Chaplin West Indies Expedition, 1948. Part V. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Andres and Providencia. Proceedings of the Academy Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 52:141-165. Edwards, M.S. 1977. Notes on some tropidophid snakes in captivity. International Zoo Yearbook, 9:53-54. Fitch, H.S. 1970. Reproductive cycles of lizards and snakes. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Miscellaneous Publication, No.52:1-247. Fischer, J.G. 1856. Neue schlangen der Hamburgeschen Naturistorischen Museums. Abhandlung Chef Magazin für kleinetribe und mittlebetribe Naturwissenschaft Verlag Hamburg, 3:79-116. [In German.] ------. 1888. Uber eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von Hayti. Jahrbuch Hamburg wissenschaft Anstalt, 5:1-52. [In German.] Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, at Cambridge, Mass. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 24:278-286. Garrido, O.H. 1976. Aves y reptiles de Cayo Coco. Miscellanea Zoologica Academy Ciencias Cuba, 3:3-4. [In Spanish.] Garrido, O.H. and A. Schwartz. 1968. Anfibios, reptiles, y aves de la Peninsula de Guanahacabibes, Cuba. Poeyana, Series A, (53):1-68. [In Spanish.] Gosse, P.H. 1851. A Naturalist's Sojourn in Jamaica. London:Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. xxvi+508pp. Grant, C. 1932a. Herpetology of Tortola: Notes on Anegada and Virgin Gorda, British Virgin Islands. Journal of the Department of Agriculture of Puerto Rico, 16:339-346. ------. 1932b. Notes on the boas of Puerto Rico and Mona. Journal of the Department of Agriculture of Puerto Rico, 16:327-329. ------. 1933. Notes on Epicrates inornatus (Reinhardt). Copeia, 1933(4):224-225. ------. 1940. Notes on the reptiles and amphibians of Jamaica, with diagnoses of new species and subspecies. Jamaica To-day, 15:151-157. 1941a. The herpetology of the Cayman Islands. Bulletin of the Institute of ------. Jamaica (Science Series), No.2:1-56, 13 figs. ------. 1941b. The herpetology of Jamaica, II. The reptiles. Bulletin of the Institute of Jamaica (Science Series), 4

No.1:61-148, 3 plates. ------. 1957. The black-tailed Tropidophis (Reptilia:Serpentes). Herpetologica, 13(2):154. Greene, H.W. 1979. Evolutionary biology of the dwarf boas (Serpentes: Tropidophiidae). Yearbook of the American Philosophical Society, 1979:206-207. Greene, H.W. 1983. Dietary correlates of the origin and radiation of snakes. American Zoologist, 23:431-441. Guenther, A. 1861. On a new species of the family Boidae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1861:142. [Original description of E. fordi.] Gundlach, J. l880. Contribucion a la Erpetologia Cubana. Havana:G. Monteil. 99pp. [In Spanish.] Hanlon, R.W. 1964. Reproductive activity of the Bahama boa (Epicrates striatus). Herpetologica, 20:143-144. Hardy, J.R. 1957. Bat predation by the Cuban boa, Epicrates angulifer Bibron. Copeia, 1957(2):151-152. Heatwole, H. and F. Mackenzie. l967. Herpetogeography of Puerto Rico. IV. Paleogeography, faunal similarity and endemism. Evolution, 2l(3):429-438. ------, R. Levins, and M.D. Beyer. 1981. Biogeography of the Puerto Rican Bank. Atoll Research Bulletin, 251:1-68. Hecht, M.K. l959. Amphibians and reptiles. In: P. McGrew, ed. The Geology and Paleontology of the Elk Mountain and Tabernacle Butte Area, Wyoming, pp.130-146. Bulletin American Museum Natural History, No.ll7. Hecht, M.K., V. Walters, and G. Ramm. 1955. Observations on the natural history of the Bahamian pygmy boa, Tropidophis pardalis, with notes on autohemorrhage. Copeia, 1955(3):249-251. Hedges, S.B., C.A. Hass, and T.K. Maugel. 1989. Physiological color change in snakes. Journal of Herpetology, 23(4):450-455. Henderson, R.W., T.A. Noeske-Hallin, J.A. Ottenwalder, and A. Schwartz. 1987. On the diet of the boa Epicrates striatus on Hispaniola, with notes on Epicrates fordii and Epicrates gracilis. Amphibia-Reptilia, 8:251-258. Hoopes, I. 1938. Further notes on Tropidophis melanurus Schlegel in captivity. Copeia, 1938(4):203-204. Huff, T.A. 1976a. Breeding the Cuban boa Epicrates angulifer at the Reptile Breeding Foundation. International Zoo Yearbook, 16:81-82. ------. 1976b. The use of oxytocin to induce labour in a Jamaican boa, Epicrates subflavus. International Zoo Yearbook, 16:81. 5

------. 1978. Breeding the Puerto Rican boa at the Reptile Breeding Foundation. International Zoo Yearbook, 18:96-97. ------. l979a. Captive propagation and husbandry of Epicrates at the Reptile Breeding Foundation. In: R.A. Hahn, ed. Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Reptile Symposium on Captive Propagation and Husbandry, pp.103-ll2. Thurmont, Maryland. ------. l979b. Breeding the Jamaican boa (Epicrates subflavus) in captivity. In: American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums Regional Workshop Proceedings, pp.339-345. Wheeling, West Virginia:AAZPA. ------. 1980. Captive propagation of the Subfamily Boinae with emphasis on the genus Epicrates. In: J.B. Murphy and J.T. Collins, eds. Captive Propagation and Husbandry of Reptiles, pp.125-139. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles Special Contributions to Herpetology, No.1. I.U.C.N. 1975. Red Data Book, Vol.3, Amphibia and Reptilia. Morges, Switzerland:I.U.C.N. Iverson, J.B. 1986. Notes on the natural history of the Caicos Island dwarf boa, Tropidophis greenwayi. Caribbean Journal of Science, 22(2-3):191-198. Jan, G. and F. Sordelli. 1860-1881. Iconographie Generale des Ophidiens. 1-100, Atlas, Vols.I-III. Milano and Paris. [In French.] Kluge, A.G. 1988a. Parsimony in vicariance biogeography: A quantitative method and a Greater Antillean example. Systematic Zoology, 37(4): 315-328. ------. 1988b. Relationships of the Cenozoic boine snakes Paraepicrates and Pseudoepicrates. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 8(2):229-230. ------. 1989. A concern for evidence and a phylogenetic hypothesis of relationships among Epicrates (Boidae:Serpentes). Systematic Zoology, 38(1):7-25.

Lando, R.V. and E.E. Williams. 1969. Notes on the herpetology of the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Studies of the Fauna of CuraÇao and other Caribbean Islands, 116:160-201. Lewis, C.B. 1949. Snakes. In: Glimpses of Jamaican Natural History, Vol.II, pp.26-29. Jamaica:Institute of Jamaica. Kingston,

Mayer, G.C. and J.D. Lazell Jr. 1988. Distributional records for reptiles and amphibians from the Puerto Rico Bank. Herpetological Review, 19(1):23-24.

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Meerwarth, H. 1901. Die Westindischen Reptilien und Batracher des Naturhistorischen Museums im Hamburg. Mittheilungen naturhistorichen Museum Hamburg, 18:1-41. [In German.] Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abhandlung senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, (449):1-84. [In German.] Mittermier, R.A. 1972. Jamaica's endangered species. Oryx (Journal of the Fauna Preservation Society), 11(4):260. Mole, R.H. 1924. The Trinidad snakes. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, No.11:235-278. Murphy, J.B. and R.K. Guese. 1977. Reproduction in the Hispaniolan boa Epicrates fordii fordii at Dallas Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook, 17:132-133. ------, D.G. Barker, and B.W. Tryon. 1978. Miscellaneous notes on the reproductive biology of reptiles. 2. Eleven species of the family Boidae, genera Candoia, Corallus, Epicrates, and Python. Journal of Herpetology, 12(3):385-390. Nellis, D.W., R.L. Norton, and W.P. MacLean. 1983. On the biogeography of the Virgin Islands boa, Epicrates monensis granti. Journal of Herpetology, 17(4):413-417. Netting, M.G. 1954. To Bimini for boas and exhibit ideas. Carnegie Magazine, 28:185-188. ----- and C.J. Goin. l944. Another new boa of the genus Epicrates from the Bahamas. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 30(6):7l-76. Noble, G.K. and G.C. Klingel. 1932. The reptiles of Great Inagua Island, British West Indies. American Museum Novitates, (549):1-25. Nowinski, B. 1976. Voortplanting van de Cubaanse boa, Epicrates angulifer, in het terrarium. Lacerta, 35(10):144-147. [In Dutch with English summary.]

Oliver, W.L.R. 1982. The coney and the yellow snake: The distribution and status of the Jamaican hutia Geocapromys brownii and the Jamaican boa Epicrates subflavus. Dodo (Journal of the Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust), 19:6-33. Ottenwalder, J.A. 1980. Epicrates striatus como prederador de aves. Naturales Postal, 1980(21):1-2. [In Spanish.] Perez-Rivera, R.A. 1979. Lista revisada de los animales vulnerables, amenazados o en peligro de extinction en Puerto Rico. Cuadernos de Revista Cayey, No.E. [In Spanish.]

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------ and M.J. Velez, Jr. 1978. Notyas sobre algunas culebras de Puerto Rico. Science-Ciencia, 6:68-73. [In Spanish.] Peters, J.A. and R. Donoso-Barros. l970. Catalog of the Neotropical squamata: Part I, snakes. Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum, 297:l-347. Petzold, H.G. 1963. Uber der kubanische Zwergboa Tropidophis melanurus (Schlegel), eine selten importierte Schlange. Aquarien-Terrerien Zeitschrift, 16(1):16:20. [In German.] Petzold, H.G. 1969. Zur Haltung und Fortpfanzungsbiologie einiger kubanischen Sclangen im Tierpark Berlin. Salamandra, 5:124-140. [In German.] Pregill, G.K. 1982a. Fossil amphibians and reptiles from New Providence Island, Bahamas. In: S.L. Olson, ed. Fossil Vertebrates from the Bahamas, pp.8-21. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, No.48. ------. 1982b. Late Pleistocene herpetofaunas from Puerto Rico. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Miscellaneous Publication, No.71. 72pp. ------ and S.L. Olson. l98l. Zoogeography of West Indian vertebrates in relation to Pleistocene climatic cycles. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, l2:75-98. Rabb, G.B. and E.B. Hayden, Jr. l957. The Van Voast-American Museum of Natural History Bahamas Islands expedition and general features of the islands. American Museum Novitates, No.l836:l-53. Reagan, D.P. 1984. Ecology of the Puerto Rican boa (Epicrates inornatus) in the Luquillo Mountains of Puerto Rico. Caribbean Journal of Science, 20(3-4):119-127. ------ and C.P. Zucca. 1982. Inventory of the Puerto Rican boa (Epicrates inornatus) in the Carribbean National Forest. Final Report to the U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Department Agriculture. Atlanta:U.S.D.A. 42pp. Rehak, I. 1987. Color change in the snake Tropidophis feicki (Reptilia:Sqamata:Tropidophidae). Vest Ceskoslovenske Spolec. Zool., 51:300-303. Reinhardt, I.Th. 1843. Beskrivelske af nogle nye Slangearter. Danske Videnske Selsk. Aflhandl., 10:233-279. [In Danish. Original description of Boa inornata (= E. inornatus).] Rivero, J.A. 1978. Los Anfibios y Reptiles de Puerto Rico. Rio Piedras:Universidad de Puerto Rico. x+152pp., vi+ 48pp. [In Spanish and English.] ------ and H. Heatwole. 1979. Herpetogeography of Puerto Rico, VI. A bibliography of the herpetology of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Smithsonian Herpetological Information Service, No.43:1-17. ------, R. Joglar, and I. Vazquez. 1982. Cinco nuevos ejemplares del culebron de la Mona. Caribbean Journal of Science, 17(1-4):7-13. 8

Rodriguez, G.A. and D.P. Reagan. 1984. Bat predation by the Puerto Rican boa, Epicrates inornatus. Copeia, 1984(1):219-220. Rosen, D.E. l975. A vicariance model of Caribbean biogeography. Systematic Zoology, 24:43l-464. Savage, J.M. l966. Origins and history of the Central American herpetofauna. Copeia, l966(4):7l9-766. ------. l982. The enigma of the Central American herpetofauna: Dispersals or vicariance? Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 69:464-547. Scharff, R.F. l922. On the origin of the West Indian fauna. Bijdr. Dierk. Amsterdam, 52:65-72. Schmidt, K.P. 1921. Notes on the herpetology of Santo Domingo. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 44:7-20. ------. 1926. The herpetology of Mona Island, West Indies. Publications of the Field Museum of Natural History (Zoology), 12:217-224. ------. 1928. Amphibians and land reptiles of Puerto Rico, with a list of those reported from the Virgin Islands. In: New York Academy Sciences Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands, Vol.X. 160pp. Schwartz, A. 1957. A new species of boa (genus Tropidophis) from western Cuba. American Museum Novitates, No.1839:1-8. ------. 1963. A new subspecies of Tropidophis greenwayi from the Caicos Bank. Brevoria, 194:1-6. ------. 1975. Variation in the Antillean boid snake Tropidophis haetianus Cope. Journal of Herpetology, 9(3):303-311. ------. l980. The herpetogeography of Hispaniola, West Indies. Studies of the Fauna of CuraÇao and other Caribbean Islands, 6l(l89):86-l27. ------ and O.H. Garrido. 1975. A reconsideration of some Cuban Tropidophis (Serpentes:Boidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 88(9):77-90. ------ and R.W. Henderson. 1985. A Guide to the Identification of the Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies Exclusive of Hispaniola. Milwaukee:Milwaukee Public Museum. 165pp. ------. 1988. West Indian amphibians and reptiles: A check-list. Milwaukee Public Museum Contributions in Biology and Geology, (74):1-264. ------ and R.J. Marsh. 1960. A review of the pardalis-maculatus complex of the boid genus Tropidophis of the West Indies. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 137:255-309. 9

------ and L.H. Ogren. 1956. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from Cuba, with the descriptions of two new forms. Herpetologica, 12:91-110. ------ and R. Thomas. 1960. Four new snakes (Tropidophis, Dromicus, Alsophis) from the Isla de Pinos and Cuba. Herpetologica, 16(2): 73-90. ------, R. Thomas, and L.D. Ober. 1978. First supplement to a check-list of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, 5:1-35. Seoane, V.L. 1881. Neue Boiden-Gattung und Art von den Philippinen. Abhandlung senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 12: 217-224. [Piesigaster boettgeri (=E. inornatus) erroneously described from the Phillippine Islands.] Sheplan, B.R. and A. Schwartz. l974. Hispaniolan boas of the genus Epicrates (Serpentes, Boidae) and their Antillean relationships. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 45(5):57-l43. Silva-Taboada, G. 1979. Los Murcilagos de Cuba. La Habana, Cuba: Academis de Ciencias. 423pp. [In Spanish. Reference to bat predation by E. angulifer.] Smith, H.M. and C. Grant. 1958. The proper names for some Cuban snakes: an analysis of dates of publication of Ramon de la Sagra's Historia Natural de Cuba, and of Fitzinger's Systema Reptilium. Herpetologica, 14(4):215-222. Steindacher, F. 1863. Uber eine neue Epicrates - art aus colombien. Denkschrift Akademie wisenschaft Wein, 22(2):89-93. [In German. E. versicolor (=E. striatus) erroneously described from Colombia.] ------. 1879. Uber eine peruaniche Ungalia-Art Ungalia taczanowskyi. Sitzberg der Kölner Akademie Wissenschaft, 80:1-4. [In German.} Stejneger, L. l90l. A new systematic name for the yellow boa of Jamaica. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, 23:469-470. ------. l904. The herpetology of Puerto Rico. Report of the U.S. National Museum, l902:549-724. Stimson, A.F. 1969. Das Tierreich. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien, Lief. 89, Boidae. Berlin and Leipzig:Walter de Gruyterand Co. xi+49pp. [In German.] Stull, O.G. 1928. A revision of the genus Tropidophis. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University Michigan, No.195:1-49. ------. 1931. Corrections to some recent papers on neotropical snakes. Bulletin of the Antivenin Institute of America, 5:39-41. 10

------. l933. Two new subspecies of the family Boidae. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University Michigan, No.267:l-4. ------. l935. A checklist of the family Boidae. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, 40(8):387-408. Thomas, R. 1963. Cayman Islands Tropidophis (Reptilia, Serpentes). Brevoria, No.195:1-8. ------. 1966. A reassessment of the herpetofauna of Navassa Island. Journal of the Ohio Herpetological Society, 5(3):73-89. Thomas, R. and A. Schwartz. l975. A checklist of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, 1:1-216. Tolson. P.J. 1980a. Captive propagation and husbandry of the Cuban dwarf boa, Tropidophis melanurus, at the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan. In: Proceedings of the 4th Reptile Symposium on Captive Propagation and Husbandry, pp.43-46. Thurmont, Maryland:Zoological Consortium, Inc. ------. 1980b. Comparative reproductive behavior of four species of snakes in the boid genus Epicrates. In: Proceedings of the 4th Reptile Symposium on Captive Propagation and Husbandry, pp.87-97. Thurmont, Maryland:Zoological Consortium, Inc.

------. 1983. Captive propagation and husbandry of the Cuban boa, Epicrates angulifer. In: Proceedings 6th Reptile Symposium on Captive Propagation and Husbandry, pp. 285-292, Thurmont, Maryland: Zoological Consortium, Inc. ------. 1987. Phylogenetics of the boid snake genus Epicrates and Caribbean vicariance theory. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University Michigan, No.714:1-59. ------. 1988. Critical habitat, predator pressures, and management of Epicrates monensis on the Puerto Rico Bank: A multivariate analysis. U.S. Department Agriculture Forest Service General Technical Report, RM-166:228-238. ------. 1989. Breeding the Virgin Islands boa, Epicrates monensis granti, at the Toledo Zoological Gardens. International Zoo Yearbook, 28:163-167. ------, T.A. Reichard, C.P. Black, and T. Slovis. 1984. Determination of litter size and embryo viability in the Cuban boa, Epicrates angulifer, using imaging ultrasonography. In: Proceedings 7th Reptile Symposium on Captive Propagation and Husbandry, pp.118-123. Thurmont, Maryland:Zoological Consortium, Inc. ------ and D.W. Nellis. 1986. Cooperative planning in implementing a conservation strategy for the Virgin Islands boa, Epicrates monensis granti. American Association Zoological Parks and Aquariums National 11

Conference Proceedings, 1986:155-158. ------ and V.A. Tuebner. 1987. The role of social manipulation and environmental cycling in propagation of the boid genus Epicrates: Lessons from the field and laboratory. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums Regional Conference Proceedings, 1987: 606-613. Underwood, G.A. 1952. Introduction to the study of Jamaican Reptiles, Part X. Natural History Notes of the Natural History Society Jamaica, No.53:97-105. ------. l953. The distribution of Antillean reptiles. Natural History Notes of the Natural History Society of Jamaica, 6:l2l-l29. ------. l970. A systematic analysis of boid snakes. In: A. d'A. Bellairs and C. Barry Cox, eds. Morphology and Biology of Reptiles, pp.151-175. London:Linnean Society Symposium Series, No.3.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1980. Status of Virgin Islands boa clarified. Endangered Species Technical Bulletin, 5:12. ------. 1984. Mona Boa Recovery Plan. Atlanta, Georgia:U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 14pp. ------. 1986a. Virgin Islands Tree Boa Recovery Plan. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 23pp. ------. 1986b. Puerto Rican Boa Recovery Plan. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 21pp. Wagler, J.G. 1830. Naturliches System der Amphibien mit vorangehender Classification der Säugethiere und Vögel, pp.i-vi, 1-353. Munich: J.G. Cotta'sche. [In German. Original description of the genus Epicrates.] Wetherbee, D.K. 1987. Further Contributions to the History of Zoology in Hispaniola. Massachusetts:Privately Printed. 114pp. Shelburne,

Zenneck, I. 1898. Die Zeichnung der Boiden. Zeitschrift Wissenschaft Zoologie, 64:1-384. [In German.]

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