Read MA, MSC, MCA, MCom, MLIS, BEd, BLIS Question, 2009 text version

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­I, Paper­I (Micro Economic Analysis) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

vFkZ'kkL= dh ^^fodklksUeq[kh** ifjHkk"kk ds eq[; vk'k; D;k gSa \ vFkZ'kkL= ds {ks= dk mYys[k dhft, A

What are the main implication of the "growth oriented" definition of Economics ? State the scope of Economics.

234-

vFkZ'kkL= dh izÑfr ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on nature of economics.

vFkZ'kkL= ds v/;;u dh fofHkUu jhfr;ksa dk mYys[k djsa A

Explain the various methods used in the study of Economics.

vFkZ'kkL= esa ^LFkSfrdh* ,oa ^izkoSfxdh* ds chp vUrj dhft, A bu nksuksa esa ls vki fdls vf/kd lkekU; ,oa vk/kkjHkwr le>rs gSa \

Distinguish between static and dynamics in economics. Which one do you think more general and fundamental ?

5-

vkÆFkd ekWMy ds vFkZ ,oa izÑfr dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk dher fu/kkZj.k ds O;f"V ekWMy dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain the meaning and nature of economic models and discuss micro model of price determination.

6789-

ekax dh yksp dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk ekax dh yksp ds izdkjksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain the concept of elasticity of demand and discuss kinds of elasticity of demand.

ek'kZy ,oa fgDl ds miHkksDrk cpr dh vo/kkj.kk dh rqyuk dhft, A

Compare the Marshallian and Hicksian concept of consumer surplus.

ifjorZuh; vuqikr ds fu;e dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the law of variable proportion.

dher ,oa mRiknu fu/kkZj.k ds lhekaroknh fo'ys"k.k mikxe dh ppkZ djsa A

Discuss marginal analysis approach to price and output determination.

10- gkWy ,oa fgp ds iw.kZ ykxr dher fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the Full cost pricing theory of Hall-Hitch.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­I, Paper­II (Macro Economic) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

jk"Vªh; vk; ys[kkadu ds fofo/k :iksa dh foospuk dhft,A

Discuss the various forms of National Accounting.

miHkksx ds thou pØ fl)kUr dk ijh{k.k dhft,A

Examine the Life Cycle Theory of Consumption.

fuos'k dh lhekUr {kerk ls vkidk D;k vk'k; gS\ fuos'k dh lhekUr {kerk ,oa C;kt ds chp ds laca/kksa dk mYys[k dhft, rFkk fuos'k dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdksa dh foospuk dhft,A

What do you mean by marginal efficiency of investment? State the relation between marginal efficiency of investment and interest and discuss the factors influencing investment.

4567-

fofu;ksx ds Rojd fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft,A

Explain the Acceleration Principle of Investment.

eqnzk ds ifjeku fl)kUr ds dsfEczt lehdj.k dh O;k[;k djsaA

Explain 'Cambridge Equation' of Quantity Theory of Money.

eqnzkiwfrZ ds O;ogkjoknh ekWMy dh O;k[;k dhft,A

Explain the behavioral model of money supply.

fuEufyf[kr dh foospuk dhft,%&

Discuss the following:-

89-

¼'kq) jk"Vªh; mRikn½ (a) Multiple Bank Model ¼cgq cSafdax iz.kkyh½ iSfVufdu ds okLrfod 'ks"k izHkko n`f"Vdks.k dk ijh{k.k dhft,A

(a) Net National Product (NNP) Examine the Real Balance effect approach of Patinkin.

lajpukRed eqnzk&LQhfr fl)kUr dh foospuk dhft,A

Discuss the Structaralist Theory of Inflation.

10- orZeku eqnzkLQhfr ds dkj.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft,A LQhfr dks jksdus ds fy, vki dkSu&dkSu ls mik; lq>k,axs\

Discuss the causes of recent inflation. What measures would you suggest to check Inflation in the economy?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­I, Paper­III (Quantitative Methods) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

Qyu dh lhek ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fuEufyf[kr esa fdUgha nks ds eku Kkr dhft, %& nks

What do you understand by limit of a function. Find the values of any two of the following :­ (a) (b)

x

2 3 n 1 Lim 2 + 2 + 2 + - - - - - + 2 n n n n

5x 2 + 6x + 7 Lim x 2x 3 + 2x 2 + 4

x a

(c) (d)

Lim

x

5

­a 2 x ­ a

2

5

1 6 Lim ­ 2 x 3 x ­ 3 x ­

9

2-

dy dx (a)

Kkr djsa] ;fn (Find

y = log (x² + 3x + 4)

ax 7

dy , if) :­ dx

(b) y = e (c)

xy² = (x + y)

3-

x2 ,d jsfM;ks fuekZrk QeZ izfr lIrkg + 3x + 100 #OE dh dqy ykxr ij x lsV jsfM;ks 25

dk fuekZ.k djrk gS A og ,d ,dkf/kdkjh gS rFkk mlds lsV dh cktkj ek¡x x = 75 ­ 3P gS A tgk¡ P #OE izfr lsV dher gS A fn[kkb, fd og vf/kdre 'kq) vkxe ¼ykHk½ izkIr djus ds fy, izfr lIrkg yxHkx 30 lsV jsfM;ks dk fuekZ.k djsxk A ,dkf/kdkjh dher crkb, A

x2 A radio manufacturer produce x sets per week at a total cost of Rs. 25 + 3x + 100 . He is a monopolist and the demand of his market is x = 75 ­ 3P, where the price is Rs. P per set. Show that the maximum net revenue (profit) is obtained when about 30 sets are produced per week. What is the monopoly price ?

4-

mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa dh lgk;rk ls lekdyu dh izeq[k fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss various methods of integration with the help of appropriate examples.

P.T.O.

5-

fcUnq js[kh; fof/k dh enn ls fuEu js[kh; izk;kstuk leL;k dk gy dhft, %&

Solve the following linear programming problem with the help of graphical method :­ mís'; Qyu (Objective function) Z = 2x + 5y tcfd (Subject to) x + 4y 24 3x + y 21 x+y 9 rFkk (and); x 0, y 0

6-

fuEu lead ls X rFkk Y ds e/; lg&lEcU/k xq.kkad Kkr dhft, %&

Find coefficient of correlation between X and Y from the following data :­ X 10 20 30 40 50 60 Y 4 8 10 20 20 34

7-

(a)

N% ikls 729 ckj Qsads tkrs gSa A ge fdruh ckj de&ls&de rhu iklksa ij 5 ;k 6 vkus dh izR;k'kk djrs gSa \

Six dice are thrown 729 times. How many times do we expect at least three dice to show a five or six. (b) ,d f}in caVu dk ek/; 4 rFkk izeki fopyu 3 gS A lkekU; ladsrkad ekurs gq, n, p, q rFkk izlj.k Kkr dhft, A The mean of a Binomial distribution is 4 and its standard deviation is 3 . Calculate n, p, q and variance with usual notations.

8-

fuEu vko`fÙk forj.k ls ek/; ds ifjr% izFke pkj vk?kw.kZ ;k ifj/kkr ifjdfyr dhft, A

Calculate first four moments about mean from the following frequency distribution. oxZ vUrjky (Class-interval) vko`fÙk (Freequency) 0 ­ 10 6 10 ­ 20 7 20 ­ 30 16 30 ­ 40 15 40 ­ 50 11 50 ­ 60 5

9-

fun'kZu ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fun'kZu dh fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you mean by sampling ? Discuss various methods of sampling.

10- fuEu esa fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&

Short notes on any two of the following :­ (a) laHkkfork dk ;ksx izes; (Addition Theorem of Probability) (b) U;wure oxZ fof/k (Method of Least Squares) (c) lg lEcU/k dh dksfV;k¡ (Degrees of Correlation) (d) VkbZi I ,oa VkbZi II foHkze (Type I and Type II Error)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­I, Paper­IV (Public Economics) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

,d vYifodflr ns'k esa vkÆFkd fodkl ds ,d vfHkdj.k ds :i esa jkT; dh Hkwfedk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the role of Government as an agent for Economic Development in an Underdevelopment Country.

23456-

cktkj foQyrk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ ;g dSls mRiUu gksrk gS \

What do you Understand by Market Failure ? How does Market Failure Occur ?

yksd oLrq ds fl)kUrksa ;k lkoZtfud O;; ds 'kq) fl)kUr dk laf{kIr fooj.k nhft, A

Describe briefly the various theories of Public goods or Pure theory of Public Expenditure.

chloha 'krkCnh esa yksd O;; esa o`f) ds dkj.kksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the causes of the growth of Public expenditure in the 20th Century.

,d fu;ksftr vFkZO;oLFkk esa lkoZtfud fuos'k ds fofHkUu vk/kkjksa dk laf{kIr fooj.k nhft, A

State, in brief, the various criteria for Public investment in a Planned Economy.

^'kwU; vk/kkj ctÇVx* ¼tsOEchOEchOE½ dh vo/kkj.kk dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A bldh fo'ks"krkvksa ,oa iwoZ 'kÙkks± dk foospu dhft, A

Define the Concept of Zero Base Budgeting (ZBB). Discuss its Characteristics and preconditions.

7-

dj ds fooÙkZu ,oa Hkkj ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ iw.kZ izfr;ksfxrk ,oa ,dkf/kdkj ds vUrxZr dj fooÙkZu dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you understand by Shifting and Incidence of a Tax ? Discuss Shifting of a Tax under Perfect Competition and Monopoly.

89-

yksd _.k ds Hkkj ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ D;k bls Hkkoh ih<+h ij Vkyk tk ldrk gS \

What do you mean by Burden of Public Debt ? Can it be Shifted to the Future Generation ?

jktdks"kh; uhfr ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ jktdks"kh; uhfr ds mís'; ,oa vaxksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by fiscal policy ? Discuss the objective and tools of fiscal policy.

10- ckjgosa foÙk vk;ksx ij ,d fooj.kkRed fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a descriptive note on the 12th Finance Commission.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­I, Paper­V (Indian Economy) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

^lrrh; fodkl* ls D;k le>rs gSa \ fooj.k nsa A

What do you mean by 'Sustainable Development' ? Describe it.

Hkkjr esa vkÆFkd fu;kstu ds mís'; ,oa j.kuhfr;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss objectives and strategies of Economic Planning in India.

Lora=rk izkfIr ds ckn Hkkjr ds fosns'kh O;kikj esa dkSu ls ifjorZu gq, gSa \ fu;kZr izksRlkgu ds fy, vki dkSu ls lq>ko nsaxsA

What changes have taken place in India's Foreign trade since Independence ? What are your suggestions for export promotion ?

4567-

Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk esa cgqjk"Vªh; fuxe dh Hkwfedk dh leh{kk djsa A

Critically examine the role of MNCs (Multinational Companies) in Indian Economy.

Hkkjrh; tukafddh lajpuk dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

Give an account of the salient features of Indian demographic structure.

Hkkjr ljdkj dh tula[;k uhfr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k djsa A

Critically examine population policy of the Govt. of India.

xzkeh.k&uxjh; LFkkukUrj.k fdl izdkj nksuksa gh izdkj dh xzkeh.k ,oa uxjh; cfLr;ksa ds vkÆFkd igyqvksa dks izHkkfor djrk gS \ Li"V dhft, A

How does rural-urban migration influence the economy of both rural and urban settlements ? Elucidate.

89-

Hkkjr ljdkj dh orZeku vkS|ksfxd uhfr dh vkykspukRed foospuk dhft, A

Critically discuss the present Industrial policy of the Govt. of India.

Hkkjr esa xjhch ds Lo:i ,oa dkj.kksa dks crykb, A

Describe the pattern and cause of poverty in India.

10- {ks=h; vlarqyu ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on regional imbalances.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­I, Paper­VI (Economics of Growth Development and Planning) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

vkÆFkd] lao`f) ,oa vkÆFkd fodkl dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk vkÆFkd lao`f) dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define economic growth and economic development and discuss factors influencing economic growth.

23-

dkYMksj ds vkÆFkd lao`f) ekWMy dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the economic growth model of Kaldor.

,d vYifodflr rFkk fodflr vFkZO;oLFkk ds chp vUrj Li"V dhft, A vYifodflr vFkZO;oLFkk dh D;k leL;k,¡ gSa \

Examine the difference between under developed and developed economy ? What are the problems of a underdeveloped economy ?

4-

^^foosdiw.kZ tula[;k fu;kstu Hkkjr ds vkÆFkd fodkl ds fy, vR;Ur vko';d gS A** O;k[;k dhft, A

"Rational population planning is extremely necessary for the economic development of India". Explain.

567-

i;kZoj.k iznw"k.k dk vFkZ crk;sa A blds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define Environment pollution ? Describe its different types.

ekDlZ ds vkÆFkd fodkl ds fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically evaluate the Marx theory of economic growth.

Hkqxrku larqyu ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ Hkqxrku larqyu esa vkarfjd ,oa ckg~; larqyu izkIr djus dh uhfr;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by balance of Payment ? Discuss policies for achieving internal and external equilibrium in balance of payment ?

89-

Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk ij oS'ohdj.k ds izHkkoksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the effects of globalization on the Indian Economy.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; O;kikj dk fdlh ns'k ds vkÆFkd fodkl esa D;k Hkwfedk gS \

What is the role of international trade in economic development of a country ?

10- fo'o O;kikj laxBu ds izeq[k mís'; dkSu&dkSu gSa \ bu mís';ksa dh iwÆÙk dgk¡ rd gks pqdh gS \

What are the main objectives of WTO ? To what extent they have been accomplished ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­I, Paper­VII (International Trade and Finance) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456-

fjdkMksZ dk rqyukRed ykxr fl)kUr D;k gS \ O;k[;k djsa A

What is the Comparative Cost theory of Ricardo ? Explain ?

O;kikj dh 'kÙkks± rFkk jk"Vªh; vk; ij iz'kqYd ,oa dksVk ds izHkkoksa dh foospuk djsa A

Describe the effects of Tariffs and Quotas on terms of Trade and National Income.

{ks=h; vkÆFkd lg;ksx ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds fofHkUu izdkj dkSu&dkSu ls gSa \

What do you mean by Regional Economic Co-operation ? What are its various forms. GATT ds izeq[k mís'; D;k gSa \ bu mís';ksa dh iwÆÙk dgk¡ rd gks pqdh gS \ What are the main objectives of GATT ? To what extent they have been accomplished ?

fo'o cSad ds dk;ksZa rFkk lsokvksa dk vkykspukRed ewY;kadu djsa A

Give a critical account of the work and services of the World Bank.

,f'k;kbZ fodkl cSad dh LFkkiuk ds ihNs D;k mís'; Fkk \ ;g vius mís'; dh izkfIr esa dgk¡ rd lQy jgk gS \

What are the purpose behind establishment of Asian Development Bank ? To what extent it has been successful in achieving that role.

78-

vaDVkM dh xfrfof/k;ksa dh vkykspukRed leh{kk djsa A

Examine critically the working of UNCTAD. I.M.F.

dh vYifodflr ns'kksa ds fy, D;k mi;ksfxrk gS \ I.M.F. ds mís'; dh rqyuk esa bldh lQyrk dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Examine the utility of the I.M.F. for under developed countries. Evaluate I.M.F. success in relation to its objectives.

9-

O;kikj pØ ls D;k le>rs gSa \ 'kqEihVj ds fl)kUr dh O;k[;k djsa A

What do you mean by Business Cycles ? Explain the theory of Schumpeter.

10- fgDl ds Roj.k ,oa xq.ku fl)kUr dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k djsa A

Explain critically the multiplier and accelerator theory of Hicks.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­I, Paper­VIII (Economics of Environment and Social Sector) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

of.kdokn ds mRFkku ds fy, mÙkjnk;h dkjdksa dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, A muds fo#) dkSu lh vkykspuk,¡ gSa \

Analyse the factors responsible for the rise of Mercantilism. What are the criticism against them ?

23456789-

^^izÑfrokn izkÑfrd fo/kku dk foKku gS** A foospuk dhft, A

"Physiocracy is the science of Natural Order". Discuss.

fjdkMksZ ds ewY; fl)kUr ,oa forj.k lEcU/kh fopkjksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss Ricardo's ideas of value and distribution.

vkÆFkd fopkj/kkjk esa tsOE,lOE fey ds ;ksxnkuksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Examine the contributions of J. S. Mill to the economics thought.

fllekaMh ds vkÆFkd fopkjksa dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, A

Critically examine the economic ideas of Sismondi.

ekDlZ ds }U}kRed HkkSfrdokn dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, A

Critically examine the Dialectical Materialism of Marx.

ewY; rFkk forj.k ij ek'kZy ds fl)kUrksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the Marchallian Theory of value and distribution.

izksOE jsxuj uDlZ ds fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the theory of Prof. Ragnar Nurkse.

tokgj yky usg: ds eq[; vkÆFkd fopkjksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Analyse the main economic ideas of Jawaharlal Nehru.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) jk.kkMs dk vkÆFkd fopkj (Economic thought of Ranade) (b) ,sjks ds fopkjksa dk vkykspukRed ewY;kadu (Critical Appraisal of Arrow's views) (c) gSjksM dk vkÆFkd fopkj (Economic Thought of Harrod) (d) xk¡/khth dk VªLVhfli n'kZu (Gandhian Thought of Trusteeship)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­II, Paper­IX (Economic Theory)

¼vkÆFkd fl)kUr½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234567-

mi;ksfxrkoknh vFkZ'kkL= esa mi;ksfxrkokn ¼larqf"Voknh½ ds mn~Hko ,oa fodkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Delineate the origin and development of utilitarian economics.

uodY;k.koknh vFkZ'kkL= ds izeq[k pj.kksa dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the main stages of new welfare economics.

lkekftd dY;k.koknh vFkZ'kkL= dh vo/kkj.kk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the concept of social welfare economics.

ek'kZy ds eqæk dh Ø;'kfDr dh fLFkjrk fl)kUr dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the Marshal's theory of Constancy of marginal utility of Money.

lkaf[;dh ds izeq[k dk;ks± dk mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate the functions of Statistics.

leadksa ds oxhZdj.k dh jhfr;ksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Discuss the methods of classification of data.

leadksa ds fcUnqjs[kh; izn'kZu ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ leadksa ds fcUnqjs[kh; izLrqrhdj.k ds rjhdksa dk foospu dhft, A

What do you mean by the Graphical Presentation of Date ? Discuss the methods of Graphical Presentation of data.

8-

v/kksfyf[kr oxZ vUrjky ,oa vko`fÙk ds vk/kkj ij cgqyd fudkysa %&

Find out the Mode on the basis of the following Class Intervals and Frequencies :­

oxZ vUrjky

Class Intervals

4­8 10

8­12 12

12­16 16­20 20­24 24­28 28­32 32­36 36­40 16 14 10 8 17 5 4

vko`fÙk

Frequencies

9-

fuEufyf[kr X rFkk Y Jsf.k;ksa ds chp dkyZ fi;lZu lg&lEcU/k xq.kkad Kkr dhft, %&

Find out Karl Pearson's Correlation between the following categories mentioned below :­ Category X 17 18 19 19 20 20 21 21 22 23 Category Y 12 16 14 11 15 19 22 16 15 20

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) vko`fÙkfp= (Histogram) (b) vko`fÙk oØ (Frequency Curve) (c) f}?kkrh; ek/; (Quadrate Mean)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­II, Paper­X (Banking and International Trade) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

cSad nj D;k gS \ lk[k fu;a=.k esa cSad nj dh izHkkoksRikndrk dh foospuk dhft, A

What is Bank Rate ? Discuss effectiveness of Bank Rate in Credit Control.

O;olkf;d cSadksa ds eq[; dk;ksZa dk o.kZu dhft, A os fdl izdkj ls lk[k fuekZ.k djrs gSa \

Discuss the principal work of Commercial Banks. How do they form credit ?

vUrjkZ"Vªh; O;kikj ds Dykfldy fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the Classical theory of International trade.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; O;kikj ds gsDlj&vksgfyu fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the Hexar-Ohlin theory of International Trade.

laj{k.k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk laj{k.k ds i{k esa rdZ nhft, A

Define Protection and give argument in favour of protection.

Hkqxrku larqu ij ,d fuca/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the Balance of Payment.

{ks=h; vkfFkZd ,dhdj.k D;k gS \ blds ykHk gkfu;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is regional economic integration ? Discuss its advantages and disadvantage.

fo'o cSad ds laxBu ,oa dk;ksZa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the organisation and functions of World Bank.

fo'o O;kikj laxBu dh lajpuk ,oa dk;ksZa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the structure and function of World Trade Organisation (W.T.O.)

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) bZOElhOE,eOE (E.C.M.)

vadVkM (UNCTAD) (iii) Lora= O;kij ds i{k eas rdZ (Argument in favour of Free Trade) (iv) lk[k fu;a=.k ds mís'; (Purpose of Credit Control)

(ii)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­II, Paper­XI (History of Economic Thought) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

ekDlZ dks izHkkfor djus okys eq[; dkjdksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What are the factors which influence Marx ?

ekDlZ ds ewY; Je dk fl)kUr ,oa vfrfjDr ewY; dk fl)kUr dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss critically the Labour theory of value and the surplus theory of value as propounded by Marx.

34-

vkÆFkd fopkj ds bfrgkl esa okyjl ds eq[; ;ksxnkuksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the main contribution of walras in the History of Economic Thought.

lhekUr&ØkfUr esa esatj ds LFkku dks bafxr dhft, ,oa buds vkÆFkd fopkjksa dk vkykspukRed vkdyu izLrqr dhft, A

Indicate the place of Menger's in the Maginalist Revolution and give a critical estimate of his economic thought.

56789-

tsoksUl ds vkÆFkd fopkjksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the economic ideas of Javons.

ckWe&ckWodZ ds lhekar&;qxyksa ds fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the Bohm Bawerk Theory of Marginal Pairs.

vkÆFkd fopkj/kkjk esa ek'kZy ds ;ksxnku dh leh{kk dhft, A

Discuss the contributions of Marshall to Economic thought.

dsUt ds jkstxkj fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the theory of employment of Keynes.

egkRek xk¡/kh ds vkÆFkd fopkjksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

Give an account of the economic thought of Mahatma Gandhi.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) j.kkMs dk vkÆFkd fopkj (Economic thought of Ranade)

,sjks ds fopkjksa dk vkykspukRed ewY;kadu (Critical Appraisal of Arrow's views) (iii) izksOE jsxuj uDlZ dk fl)kUr (Theory of Prof. Ragnar Nurkse) (iv) gSjksM dk vkÆFkd fopkj (Economic thought of Harrod)

(ii)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­II, Paper­XII Indian Economic Programme at State Level (Bihar) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234-

fcgkj dh vFkZO;oLFkk dh lajpuk ,oa fo'ks"krkvksa ij fVIi.kh dhft,A

Comment upon structure and feature of Bihar economy.

fcgkj dh xjhch ds eq[; dkj.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft,A

Explain the main causes of poverty of Bihar.

fcgkj dh tual[;k dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, ,oa jkT; dh tula[;k uhfr dk o.kZu dhft,A

Discuss the characteristics of population of Bihar and examine the state population policy.

fcgkj eas d`f"k dh fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft, rFkk d`f"k esa fodkl ds vojks/kd rRoksa dh O;k[;k dhft,A

Discuss the characteristics of agriculture in Bihar and explain the disturbing factors of development in agriculture.

5-

fcgkj esa d`f"k foi.ku rFkk HkaMkj.k dh leL;k dk fooj.k nhft,A fou;fer ef.M;[email protected] ls D;k ykHk gS \

Give an account of the problems of agriculture marketing and storage in Bihar. What are advantages of regulated marketing?

67-

fcgkj ds vks|ksfxd fiNM+kiu ds dkj.kksa ij ,d fuca/k fyf[k,A

Write an essay on causes of industrial backwardness of Bihar.

fcgkj ds dqVhj ,oa y?kq m|ksx /ka/kksa dh leL;kvksa dh foospuk dhft, rFkk dqVhj ,oa y/kq m|ksx /ka/kksa ds fodkl ds fy, ljdkjh iz;Ru dk ijh{k.k dhft,A

Discuss the problems of cottage and small scale industry in Bihar and examine the Government efforts for development of cottage and small scale industries.

8 9

fcgkj dh jktdks"kh; lajpuk ds eq[; rRoksa dk o.kZu dhft,A

Describe the main components of fiscal structure of Bihar.

fcgkj dh nloha iapo"khZ; ;kstukvksa dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk fooj.k nhft,A

Give an account of the salient features of Xth five year plans of Bihar.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) fcgkj eas Hkwfe lq/kkj (Land Reform in Bihar) (ii) fcgkj ds izeq[k m|ksx (Major Industries of Bihar) (iii) ljdkjh Ñf"k foi.ku (Cooperative Agriculture Marketing)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­II, Paper­XIII (Economic Development and Planning) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

,Me fLeFk ds fodkl ekMy dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the growth model of Adam Smith.

fjdkMksZ ds vkfFkZd lao`f) ekWMy esa ^^LFkSfrd fLFkfr** dh vo/kkj.kk dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A mu vkfFkZd 'kfDr;ksa dh O;k[;k dhft, tks vFkZO;oLFkk dks LFkSfrd fLFkfr rd igq¡pk nsrh gS A

Critically examine the concept of "Stationary State" in Ricardian model of economic growth. Explain the economic forces that lead an economy to the Stationary State.

3-

ekgkykuksfcl ekWMy dh izeq[k fo'ks"krk,¡ D;k gSa \ Hkkjr esa bls D;ksa viuk;k x;k Fkk \ D;k ;g orZeku lanHkZ esa mi;qDr gS \

What are the main features of Mahalanobis model ? Why was it adopted in India ? Is it relevant in the present context ?

4567-

dkYMksj ds vkfFkZd fodkl ekWMy ds izeq[k fopkjksa rFkk fo'ks"krkvksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Critically examine the main ideas and characteristics of the Kaldor model of economic growth.

vkfFkZd fu;kstu D;k gS \ blds mís'; ,oa vko';drk dh foospuk dhft, A

What is economic planning ? Discuss its objectives and needs.

^^fu;kstu vkSj vkfFkZd Lora=rk lkFk&lkFk ugha py ldrs** leh{kk dhft, A

"Planning and economic freedom never go together" discuss.

HkkSfrd ,oa foÙkh; fu;kstu esa D;k vUrj gS \ buesa ls Hkkjr ds fy, dkSu&lk T;knk mi;qDr gS A

Distinguish between physical and financial planning. Which of them is more suitable to India ?

8

fu;kstu rduhd ,oa izfØ;k dh O;k[;k dhft, A D;k vkt fu;kstu rduhd ,oa izfØ;k esa lq/kkj dh t:jr gS \

Explain planning technique and process. Is there any need of improvement in planning technique today ?

9

fefJr ;kstuk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds xq.kksa ,oa voxq.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you understand by Mixed Planning ? Discuss its merits and demerits.

10- nloha iapo"khZ; ;kstuk ds eq[; mís';ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the main objectives of the Tenth Five Year Plan.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­II, Paper­XIV (Public Economics) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

izR;{k ,oa vizR;{k dj dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk vk;dj ,oa fcØhdj ds xq.k&nks"kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define direct and indirect tax and discuss the merits and demerits of income tax and sales tax.

2345-

,d vFkZO;oLFkk ds vkÆFkd fodkl esa lkoZtfud miØeksa dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the role of public enterprises in economic growth of an economy.

Hkkjr esa yksd m|ksxksa ds fodkl ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on growth of public enterprises in India.

yksd m|eksa esa ewY; fu/kkZj.k ds fofHkUu fl)kUrksa dh foospuk la{ksi esa dhft, A

Briefly discuss the various theories of pricing in public enterprises.

D;k lkoZtfud miØeksa dh dq'kyrk ds eki ds fy, ykHknk;drk dk vk/kkj mi;qDr gS \ foLrkj ls foospu dhft, A

Is profitability a suitable criterion for judging the efficiency of a public enterprise ? Discuss in detail.

67-

yksd m|eksa ij fu;a=.k dh vko';drk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on need of control on public enterprises.

vkS|ksfxd uhfr] 1991 dh izeq[k fo'ks"krk,¡ D;k Fkha \ bl uhfr dk foLr`r foospu futhdj.k dh uhfr ds lanHkZ esa dhft, A

What were the salient features of the Industrial policy of 1991 ? Discuss in details with reference to the policy approach of Privatisation.

8 9

dsUl ds jkstxkj fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the Keynesian theory of employment.

csjkstxkjh ds fofHkUu Lo:iksa dh foospuk dhft, A iw.kZ jkstxkj ikus gsrq ,d leqfpr uhfr dk lq>ko nhft, A

Discuss the different types of unemployment. Suggest a suitable policy for full employment.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) lEifÙk dj (Wealth Tax) (ii) Hkkjr esa yksd m|eksa dk vkSfpR; (Rationale of Public Enterprises in India) (iii) jkstxkj dh Jsf.k;k¡ (Stages of employment) (iv) vads{k.kh; fu;a=.k (Audit Control)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Economics}

Part­II, Paper­XV (Rural Economics) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

vR;Ur y?kq vkS|ksfxd cfLr;ksa dh vo/kkj.kk ,oa rdkZ/kkj dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the concept and rationale of mini-industrial estate.

Hkkjr esa xzkeh.k lk[k ds egÙo ,oa izeq[k lzksrksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the importance and main sources of rural credit in India.

laLFkkxr foÙk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ laLFkkxr foÙk vU; foÙkh; lzksrksa ls fdl izdkj csgrj gS \

What do you understand by institutional finance ? How institutional finance is better than other sources of finance.

4567-

uckMZ ds fØ;kdykiksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A D;k vki blds dk;Z ls larq"V gSa \

Evaluate the working of the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). Are you satisfied with its performance ?

Hkkjr esa xjhch mUewyu dk;ZØeksa ds dk;Zdj.k dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the functions of poverty eradication programmes in India.

xzkeh.k fodkl ds fy, cgqLrjh; fu;kstu dh vo/kkj.kk dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the concept of multilevel Planning for rural development.

Hkkjr esa cky&Jfedksa dh leL;k dh foospuk dhft, A mudh leL;k dks gy djus dh fn'kk esa D;k&D;k dne mBk;s x;s gSa \

Discuss the problems of child labour in India. What steps have been taken to solve their problems ?

8 9

Hkkjr esa lekt dY;k.k ds mn~Hko ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on evolution of social welfare in India.

xzkeh.k tual[;k esa xzkeh.k Jfedksa dh lajpuk ,oa xzkeh.k Jfedksa ds vuqikr dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the structure of rural labour and ratio of rural labour in rural population.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) xzkeh.k _.kxzLrrk (Rural Indebtedness) (ii) dikVZ ds mís'; (Objectives of CAPART) (iii) xzkeh.k Lrj ij is;ty (Drinking water at rural level)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc. {Geography}

Part­I, Paper­I (Geographical Thought)

¼HkkSxksfyd fparu½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq, dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A uks lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v*

1234-

(Group 'A')

D;k vki bl dFku ls lger gSa&^^Hkwxksy ,d vUrÆo"k;d foKku gS** \

Do you agree with the statement­"Geography is an interdisciplinary science" ?

izkphu Hkkjr esa Hkwxksy ds fodkl dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the development of geography in ancient India.

Hkwxksy ds fodkl esa vjc HkwxksyosÙkkvksa ds ;ksxnku dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the contribution of Arab Geographers in the development of geography.

HkkSxksfyd Kku ds fodkl esa jSVty vFkok jhVj ds ;ksxnku dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the contribution of either Ratzel or Ritter in the development of geographical knowledge.

5-

vk/kqfud Hkwxksy ds fodkl esa dqekjh lsEiqy ds ;ksxnku dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the contribution of Miss Semple in the emergence of modern geography.

^c [k.M ^c*

6789-

(Group 'B')

ekuooknh Hkwxksy dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k izLrqr dhft, A

Present a critical account of Humanistic geography.

ifjdYiuk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds fodkl ;FkkFkZ fuekZ.k dh izfØ;k dks le>kb, A

What do you mean by Hypothesis ? Explain the process of its formation.

O;ogkfjd Hkwxksy ds fodkl] egÙo vkSj fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the growth, importance and method of Applied Geography.

Hkwxksy ds fofHkUu izdkj ds izfrekuksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the different types of models in geography.

10- Hkw&oSU;kfld laxBu dh ladYiuk dks Li"V djrs gq, blds lajpukred Lo:i dks Li"V dhft, A

Explaining the concepts of spatial organization, discuss the structural form of spatial organization.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc {Geography}

Part­I, Paper­II (Geomorphology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq, dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v*

12345-

(Group 'A')

HkwvkÑfr foKku dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, rFkk blds fo"k; {ks= dh vkykspukRed foospuk dhft, A

Define geomorphology and critically examine its scope.

Hkwlarqyu ds fo"k; esa izkV rFkk ,;jh ds fopkjksa dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the views of Pratt and Airy about isostasy.

oSxuj ds egk}hih; foLFkkiu fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine continental drift theory of Wegener.

dkLVZ izns'k ds LFkykÑfÙk;ksa dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give an account of the landforms of Karst region.

ioZr fuekZ.k ds HkwlUufr fl)kUr dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the geosynclinals theory of mountain building.

^c [k.M ^c*

6789-

(Group 'B')

Msfol vksj isad ds <ky fodkl lEcU/kh erksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the views of Davis and Penck regarding slope evolution.

Tokykeq[kh fØ;k }kjk fufeZr LFkykÑfr;ksa dh O;k[;k fp=ksa ds lkFk dhft, A

Explain landforms caused by volcanic activities with sketches.

Hkkjr ds rVh; vkÑfr dk fooj.k nhft, A

Give an account of the coastal morphology of India.

fgeky; dh mRifÙk ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu fopkjksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

Give an account of various views regarding the origin of Himalaya.

10- xaxk ds eSnkuh Hkkx esa fufeZr gksus okyh fofHkUu LFkykÑfÙk;ksa dk foLr`r o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss in detail different landforms developed in the Ganga Plain.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc {Geography}

Part­I, Paper­III (Climatology & Oceanography) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq, dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v*

12-

(Group 'A')

tyok;q foKku ds vFkZ] izd`fr ,oa {ks= dk lfoLrkj fooj.k nhft,A

Give a detailed account of the meaning, nature and scope of climatology.

lw;kZrki ls vki D;k le>rs gS \ Xyksc ij lw;kZrki ds forj.k dk fooj.k nhft,A

What do you understand by Insolation? Give an account of the distribution of Insolation over the globe.

3-

ok;qjkf'k ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ ok;qjkf'k dk oxhZdj.k dhft, rFkk ekSle ifjfLFkfr;ksa ij buds izHkko dk o.kZu dhft,A

What is meant by Airmass? Classify airmass and discuss their impact on weather condition.

45-

vki tyok;q ifjoÙkZu dh lR;rk dks dSls lkfcr djsaxsaA mi;qDr izek.k izLrqr dhft,A

How will you justify climatic changes? Give suitable evidences.

izeq[k LFkkuh; iouksa dh fo'ks"krkvksa ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k,A

Write an essay on the salient features of principal local winds.

^c [k.M ^c*

6789-

(Group 'B')

vVykafVd egklkxj ds ryh; mPpkop dk o.kZu izLrqr dhft,A

Present an account of the bottom relief of the Atlantic ocean.

TokjHkkVk dh mRifr ls lEcfU/kr fdUgha nks fl)kUrksa dk vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft,A

Critically explain any two theories regarding the origin of tides.

egklkxjh; fu{ksi ds lzksr ,oa izdkjksa dk fooj.k nhft,A

Give a detailed account of the sources and types of ocean deposits.

egklkxj rFkk lkxjkas dh yo.krk eas vUrj mRiUu djus okys dkjdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the factors which cause variation in salinity in ocean and seas.

10- izoky fHkfÙk;ksa dh mRifÙk lEcU/kh voryu fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the subsidence theory of coral reef formation.

£

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc {Geography}

Part­I, Paper­IV (General Geography of India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq, dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M [k.M ^v*

1-

(Group 'A')

izk;}hih; Hkkjr vkSj izk;}hisÙkj Hkkjr dh Hkwlajpuk dk rqyukRed v/;;u izLrqr dhft, A

Present a comparative study of the geological structure of Peninsular and extra-Peninsular India.

2345-

izk;}hih; Hkkjr rFkk izk;}hisÙkj Hkkjr dh izokg iz.kkyh dk rqyukRed fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give a comparative account a drainage system of Peninsular and extra-peninsular India.

Hkkjr dh rhoz tula[;k o`f) ds fy, mÙkjnk;h dkjdksa dk fo'ys"k.k dhft,A

Analyse the factors responsible for the rapid growth of population in India.

Hkkjr ds fofHkUu izdkj dh Hk`nk ds forj.k dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Present an account of the distribution of various types of soils of India.

Hkkjr esa ik;s tkus okys fofHkUu izdkj ds cuksa dk HkkSxksfyd o.kZu dhft, A

Give a geographical account of various types of forest found in India.

^c [k.M ^c*

67-

(Group 'B')

Hkkjr ds ty lalk/ku dh :ijs[kk izLrqr dhft, A

Present an outline of the water resources of India.

Hkkjr esa nqX/k m|ksx ds fodkl gsrq HkkSxksfyd n`f"V ls vuqdwy {ks= dh igpku dhft, A blds fiNM+siu ds D;k dkj.k gSa \

Identify geographically suitable areas for the development of dairy industry in India. What are causes of the backwardness ?

8-

Hkkjr dks izeq[k Ñf"k izns'kksa esa ckfV, vkSj izR;sd izns'k dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dk laf{kIr fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Divide India into broad agricultural region and present a brief account of the chief characteristics of each region.

9-

Hkkjr esa lM+d ifjogu ra= ds fodkl ij ,d HkkSxksfyd fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the development of road transport network in India.

10- Hkkjr esa lwrh oL= m|ksx ds fodkl ds fy, mÙkjnk;h dkjdksa dk fo'kys"k.k dhft, A

Analyse the factors responsible for the development of cotton textile industry in India.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc {Geography}

Part­I, Paper­V (Regional Geography of India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq, dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A va lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v*

12345-

(Group 'A')

xaxk ds mijh eSnku dk foLr`r HkkSxksfyd fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give a detailed geographical account of upper Ganga Plain.

xaxk ds fuEu eSnku vFkok iatkc ds eSnku dk larqfyr HkkSxksfyd fooj.k nhft, A

Give a balanced geographical account of either the lower Ganga Plain or the Punjab Plain.

Hkkjr esa vkfFkZd izknsf'kd fo"kerk ds dkj.kksa dks Li"V dhft, A

Explain the causes of regional economic diversity in India.

Hkkjr dks Ñf"k&tyok;q izns'kksa esa foHkkftr dhft, rFkk mudh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Divide India into agro-climatic regions and discuss their salient features.

Hkkjr dks fu;kstu izns'kksa esa ckfV, rFkk izR;sd dk laf{kIr fooj.k nhft, A

Divide India into planning regions and discuss each of these in brief.

^c [k.M ^c*

6789-

(Group 'B')

nf{k.k fcgkj ds eSnku dk HkkSxksfyd fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give a geographical account of South Bihar Plain.

pkboklk ds eSnku dk larqfyr HkkSxksfyd fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Present a balanced geographical account of Chaibasa Plain.

iÙk izns'k dk larqfyr HkkSxksfyd fooj.k nhft, A

Give a balanced geographical account of pat region.

nkeksnj ?kkVh izns'k ij larqfyr HkkSxksfyd fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give a balanced geographical account of Damodar Valley region.

10- rfeyukMq rFkk NksVkukxiqj izns'k dk rqyukRed v/;;u izLrqr dhft, A

Give a comparative study of Tamilnadu and Chota Nagpur region.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc {Geography}

Part­I, Paper­VI (World Economic Geography) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq, dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v*

12345-

(Group 'A')

fo'o esa ckxkuh Ñf"k dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa ,oa Ñf"k {ks= dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the salient features and farming areas of plantation agriculture in the world.

fo'o esa dks;yk ds mRiknu ,oa forj.k dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give an account of production and distribution of coal in the world.

vYÝsM oscj ds vkS|ksfxd LFkkuhdj.k fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the Industrial Location theory of Alfred Weber.

fo'o ds isVªksfy;e ds mRiknu ,oa forj.k dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give an account of production and distribution of petroleum in the world.

fo'o esa yksgk&bLikr m|ksx dh vofLFkfr ds fofHkUu dkjdksa dks lksnkgj.k O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the factors of localization of Iron & Steel industry in the world with example.

^c [k.M ^c*

6-

(Group 'B')

vkUrfjd tyekxZ ds egRo dk mYys[k djrs gq, fo'o ds lHkh izeq[k vkUrfjd tyekxksaZ dk fooj.k nhft, A

Mentioning the importance of inland water ways, give an account of all major inland waterways of the world.

7-

fodkl'khy ns'kkas ds vkS|ksfxd fodkl esa cgqjk"Vªh; dEifu;ksa dh Hkwfedk dh ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the role of multinational companies in the industrial development of developing countries.

89-

fo'o O;kikj eas {ks=h; laxBuksa ds egRo dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the importance of regional organisations in the world trade.

fodkl'khy ns'kksa ds izeq[k vkS|ksfxd izns'kksa dk lfp= o.kZu dhft, A

Describe principal industrial regions of developing countries with sketches.

10- vUrjkZ"Vªh; O;kikj ds cnyrs izfr:I dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give an account of the changing pattern of international trade.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc {Geography}

Part­I, Paper­VII (Human and Population Geography) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A

Answer Five questions selecting at least Two questions from each section.

Time : 3 Hours.

[k.M ^v*

12345-

(Group 'A')

HkkSfrd Hkwxksy vkSj ekuo Hkwxksy dh }S/krk dk fooj.k nhft, A

Give an account of the dichotomy between physical and human geography.

izkÑfrd okrkoj.k rFkk ekuoh; fØ;kvksa dh lEcU/kksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

Give an account of the relationship between human activities and natural environment.

ekuo ikfjfLFkfrdh ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on Human Ecology.

euq"; ds izkjfEHkd vkfFkZd fØ;k dykiksa dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give an account of the early economic activities of mankind.

lalkj dh eq[; iztkfr;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, rFkk muds forj.k dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Account for main races of the world and analyse their distribution.

^c [k.M ^c*

6789-

(Group 'B')

tula[;k Hkwxksy dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk buds v/;;u {ks= dk o.kZu dhft, A

Define population geography and describe its scope.

fo'o esa tula[;k forj.k izk:i dk ldkj.k fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give a reasoned account of the distributional pattern of population in the world.

ekyFkl ds tula[;k fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ewY;kadu dhft, A

Critically examine the Malthusian theory of population growth.

fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa tula[;k ls mRiUu leL;kvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the population problems of developing nations.

10- vUrjkZf"Vª; izokl ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkekas dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Analyse the causes and consequences of international migration.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc {Geography}

Part­I, Paper­VIII (Advanced Cartography) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

Answer Five questions selecting at least Two questions from each section.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A

12345-

vk/kqfud dky esa ekufp= dyk dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the salient features of cartography in modern period.

[k.M ^v*

(Group 'A')

tyok;q js[kh xzkQ dh lajpuk dk o.kZu dhft, A blds xq.k vkSj nks"k dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Describe the structure of climograph. Explain its merits and demerits.

fofHkUu izdkj dh ifjPNsfndkvksa dh D;k fo'ks"krk,¡ gSa \

Mention the characteristics of various types of profile.

ekufp= esa mPpkop izn'kZu djus dh izeq[k fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe various methods of showing relief features on map.

fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, (Write notes on any Two of the following) :­ (a) rqyukRed ekiuh (Comparative Scale) (b) leeku js[kk ds xq.k vkSj nks"k (Merits and Demerits of Isopleth) (c) :<+ fpà ,oa ladsr (Conventional Signs and Symbols)

^c [k.M ^c*

6789-

(Group 'B')

fo"k;d ekufp= dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the salient features of Thematic Map.

izfrn'kZu ds rduhd dk vFkZ] mudh fo'ks"krkvksa rFkk mi;ksfxrk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the meaning, salient features and utility of the sampling.

fofHkUu izdkj ds izlj.k dh x.kuk dh fof/k dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe different methods of calculation of variance.

lekUrj ek/;] xq.kksÙkj ek/; ,oa gjkRed ek/; ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, A

Write notes on Arithmetic mean, geometric mean and harmonic mean.

10- fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, (Write notes on any Two of the following) :­ (a) ek/; fopyu dh izeq[k fo'ks"krk,¡ (Salient features of mean deviation) (b) pØe.k vFkok ekykjs[kk losZ{k.k dk fl)kUr (Principle of traverse survey) (c) ekud v{kka'k (Standard Parallel)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc. Geography

Part­II, Paper­IX (Geography of Rural Settlement) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

12cLrh Hkwxksy ds vFkZ ,oa fo"k;&oLrq dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give an account of the meaning and scope of settlement geography.

ekuo vf/kokl ra= ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ mu dkj.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, tks bl ra= dks fu/kkZfjr djrs gSa A

What do you mean by human settlement system ? Explain the causes which determine this system.

3-

fcjy cfLr;ksa ds fodkl dks izHkkfor djus okys HkkSxksfyd ifjfLFkfr;ksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Analyse the geographical conditions which influence the development of dispersed rural settlement.

45-

xzkeh.k lsok dsUæksa dk vFkZ ,oa dk;ks± dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the meaning and function of Rural Service Centres.

Hkkjr esa lkef;d cktkj ds izdkj ,oa dk;Z dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the type and function of Periodic Market in India.

^c [k.M ^c* (Section 'B')

6NksVk ukxiqj ds iBkj esa xzkeh.k cfLr;ksa ds mn~Hko rFkk fodkl dk fooj.k nhft, A

Give an account of the evolution and development of rural settlements in the Chota Nagpur Plateau.

78-

fuEu xaxk ds eSnku esa xzkeh.k cfLr;ksa ds izdkj ,oa izfr:i dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the type and pattern of rural settlement in the Lower Ganga Plain.

xzkeh.k Hkkjr esa is;ty vkiwÆÙk] ty fudklh] LoPNrk ,oa LokLFk dh leL;k dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give an account of problems of water supply, drainage, sanitation and health in Rural India.

9-

jktLFkku esa xzkeh.k cfLr;ksa ds fodkl ds HkkSfrd] vkÆFkd ,oa lkekftd dkjdksa dh Hkwfedk dk fooj.k nhft, A

Give an account of the role of physical, economic and social factors in the evolution of rural settlement in Rajasthan.

10- xzkeh.k ?kjksa dks izHkkfor djus okys HkkSfrd] vkÆFkd ,oa lkekftd dkjdksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the physical, economic and social conditions influencing rural dwellings.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc. Geography

Part­II, Paper­XI (Regional Planning & Development ) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

12345izns'k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, ,oa izns'k dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define region and discuss its salient features.

HkkSfrd izns'k dh ladYiuk ds Øfed fodkl dh foospuk dhft, A

Account for regular development of the concept of physical region.

fo'o dks lalk/ku izns'kksa esa foHkkftr dhft, rFkk mudh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Divide the world into Resource regions and discuss their salient features.

o`gn ,oa y?kq izns'kksa dks lksnkgj.k foospuk dhft, A

Account for macro & micro region with example.

egkuxjh; izns'k ls D;k le>rs gSa \ budh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu Hkkjr ds fdlh egkuxjh; izns'k ds lanHkZ esa dhft, A

What do you mean by Metropolitan region? Discuss its characteristics concerning any metropolitan region of India.

^c [k.M ^c* (Section 'B')

6789Hkkjr esa fodsfUnzr fu;kstu dh izfØ;k dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the process of decentralised planning in India.

Hkkjr esa fVdkÅ fodkl dh laHkkoukvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the possibility of sustainable development in India.

xzkeh.k fu;kstu esa iapk;rh jkt dh Hkwfedk dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Present an account of the role of Panchayat Raj in the village planning.

Hkkjr esa ftyk Lrjh; fu;kstu dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe salient features of district level planning in India.

10- izknsf'kd fu;kstu ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bldh ladYiuk dh D;k vko';drk gS \

What do you mean by Regional Planning ? What is the need of its concept ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc. Geography

Part­II, Paper­XII (Environmental & Bio-geography) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

12345i;kZoj.k Hkwxksy dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A blds fo"k;&oLrq ,oa egÙo dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Define Environmental Geography. Explain its subject matter and importance.

ekuoh; fØ;kdykiksa ds i;kZoj.k ij izHkko dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the impact of human activities on environment.

ikfjLFkSfrd ra= D;k gS \ ;g fdl izdkj dk;Z djrk gS \

What is Eco-system ? How does it work ?

iznw"k.k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ ;g fdrus izdkj ds gksrs gSa \ Li"V dhft, A

What do you understand by pollution ? What are its types ? Elucidate.

HkweaMyh; m"e.k ds dkj.k vkSj ifj.kke ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the causes and consequences of global worming.

^c [k.M ^c* (Section 'B')

678tSo&Hkwxksy dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, A vU; foKkuksa ls ;g fdl izdkj lEcfU/kr gS \

Define Bio-geography. How is it related to other sciences ?

mu dkjdksa dk fooj.k nhft, tks ikS/kksa rFkk tho&tUrqvksa ds forj.k dks izHkkfor djrs gSa \

Give an account of such factors which influence the distribution of plants & animals.

fo'o dks izeq[k tSfod izns'kksa esa oxhZÑr dhft, rFkk muds izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Divide the world into major biotic regions and discuss their salient features.

9-

ck<+ vFkok lq[kkM+ ds dkj.kksa dk fooj.k nhft, A lEcfU/kr leL;k ds izHkko dks U;wu djus dk mik; crykb;s A

Give an account of the causes of either Flood or Drought. Suggest measures for mitigating the related problem.

10- vkink izcU/ku ls D;k le>rs gSa \ blls fuiVus ds fy, fdu&fdu mik;ksa dh vko';drk gS \

What do you mean by Disaster Management ? What efforts are essential to solve the problem.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc. Geography

Part­II, Paper­XIII (Cultural & Tribal Geography) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

12345lkaLÑfrd Hkwxksy ds vFkZ ,oa {ks= dh foospuk dhft, A

Give an account of the meaning and scope of cultural geography.

Hkk"kk ds {ks=h; fodkl ,oa izlkj dk o.kZu dhft, A

Give an account of regional development and expansion of language.

ekuo laLÑfr ij okrkoj.k ds izHkko dh foospuk dhft, A

Give an account of the impact of environment on human culture.

fo'o esa lkaLÑfrd fofHkUurk ij la{ksi esa ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on cultural diversity in the world.

Hkkjr dks lkaLÑfrd izns'kksa esa foHkkftr dhft, rFkk mudh fo'ks"krkvksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

Divide India into cultural regions and discuss their salient features.

^c [k.M ^c* (Section 'B')

67vkLVªsfy;u vFkok vÝhdu vkfnokfl;ksa ds u`rkrh y{k.kksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

Discuss the ethnic features of tribes of either Australia or Africa.

Hkkjr ds tutkfr;ksa dh izeq[k leL;kvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A muds fodkl gsrq dkSu&dkSu ls dk;ZØe izkjEHk fd;s x;s gSa \

Describe major problems of the tribes of India. What are the programmes taken for their development.

89-

laFkky ds vkÆFkd] lkekftd ,oa lkaLÑfrd i{kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the economic, social and cultural aspect of Santhals.

gkVsu&VkWV vFkok iksfyusf'k;u tutkfr ds izknsf'kd forj.k izo`fr] vFkZ O;oLFkk ,oa lkaLÑfrd igyqvksa dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, A

Analyse the trends of Regional distribution, economy and social aspects of either Hottentots or Polynesians.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) fo'o dh /kkÆed lajpuk (Religions composition of the world) (ii) fodkl'khy ns'kksa ds laLÑfr dk cnyrs Lo:i (Changing nature of culture in developing nations.) (iii) eq.Mk tutkfr ds olko {ks= ,oa lkekftd&lkaLÑfrd igyw,¡ (Habital and Sociocultural attributes of Munda tribe.)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc. Geography

Part­II, Paper­XIV (GIS & Remote Sensing) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

12345HkkSxksfyd lwpukra= ds ewy Hkwr fl)kUrksa ,oa rRoksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Describe the Basic Principles and elements of geographical Information System.

th-vkbZ-,l (G.I.S) ds fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on the development of G.I.S.

dEI;wVj vk/kkfjr ekufp= dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the salient features of computer based maps.

uxjh; izcU/k ,oa fu;kstu esa HkkSxksfyd lwpuk ra= ds vuqiz;ksx dk fooj.k nhft, A

Give an account of the application of G.I.S. in urban management and planning.

HkkSxksfyd vkdM+kra= ds vUrZxr fdl izdkj vkdM+kas dk fuos'k ,oa lEiknu fd;k tkrk gS \

How is the inputting and editing work done under geographical information system.

^c [k.M ^c* (Section 'B')

67rduhd ds :i eas nwj laosnu iz.kkyh ds ,sfrgkfld fodkl dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give an account of the historical development of Remote Sensing as a technology.

ok;q QksVks fp=ksa ,oa QksVksxzkfefr ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dk fooj.k nhft,A ok;q QksVks fp=ksa dh dSls O;k[;k dh tkrh gS \

Account for various types of Air Photos and Photogrammetry. How are Air Photos interpreted ?

89-

lwpuk ds lzksr ds :Ik esa ogqmís'kh; ,oa HkwLFkSfrd mixzkgksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the multi-purpose and geostationary satellite as a source of information.

ok;q QksVks fp=kas dh O;k[;k ds eq[; vk/kkjksa dks Li"V dhft, A O;k[;k ds Øe esa mRiUu leL;kvksa dks fpfUgr dhft, A

Explain principal bases of the interpretation of Aerial photographs. Identify problems related to the interpretation work.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) mtkZ ds izeq[k lzksr (Main sources of energy) (ii) fofHkUu izdkj ds lsVsykbV (Different types of satellite) (iii) vkink ds izdkj (Type of Hazards)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc. Geography

Part­II, Paper­XV (Political Geography) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

1234jktuhfrd Hkwxksy dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A jktuhfrd Hkwxksy ds fo"k; {ks= dk fooj.k nhft, A

Define Political Geography. Give an account of the scope of Political Geography.

O;kikj ij lhekvksa ds izHkko ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the effects of boundaries on trade.

lhekar vkSj lhek dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A nksuksa esa vk/kkjHkwr vUrj D;k gS \

Define frontier and boundary. Explain their basic difference.

Hkkjr dh vUrjkZ"Vªh; lhekvksa ds izdkj rFkk lEcfU/kr leL;kvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on the types of international boundary of India and the problems associated with them.

5-

la?kokn ds HkkSxksfyd vk/kkj dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Analyze the geographical bases of federation.

^c [k.M ^c* (Section 'B')

6fo'o esa 'kfDr xqV dh cnyrh vo/kkj.kkvksa ds ifjis{; esa Hkkjr ds egÙo dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Assess the importance of India in the context of the changing concepts of Power Blocs in the World.

789-

Hkw&jktuhfr ds iwoZ ¼Hkwr½ ,oa oÙkZeku vo/kkj.kkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Describe the past and present concepts of geopolitics.

eSdkbUMj ds Hkw&lkefjd ân; LFky fl)kUr dh vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the geo-strategic Heartland Theory of Mackinder.

la;qDr jk"Vª la?k ij vUrjkZ"Vªh; fookn fuiVkjs ds lanHkZ esa ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on United Nation organization with special reference to resolution of global disputes.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) fo'o ds jktuhfrd izns'k (Political Regions of the World) (ii) mÙkjh vVykafVd la/k ,oa iwoZ foLrkj dh orZeku uhfr (NATO & its present policy of East Wand) (iii) e/; iwoZ dk Hkw&lkefjd egÙo (Geo-strategic importance of Middle East)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A./M.Sc. Geography

Part­II, Paper­XVI (Transport Geography) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

1234-

ifjogu Hkwxksy dh izÑfr ,oa {ks= dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the nature and scope of transport geography.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

Hkkjr esa ikbi ykbu ifjogu ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on pipeline transport in India.

Hkkjr esa ok;q ifjogu dh egÙkk dks Li"V dhft, rFkk izeq[k ok;q ekxks± dk fooj.k nhft, A

Discuss the importance of air transport in India and describe the important air routes.

xE;rk ,oa lac)rk dh ladYiuk dks Li"V dhft, rFkk ifjogu ds fofHkUu lk/kuksa ds rqyukRed egÙo dk fooj.k nhft, A

Explain the concept of accessibility and connectivity and discuss the relative importance of various modes of transport.

5-

Hkkjr esa jsyekxZ ds fodkl ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the development of railways in India.

6-

ifjogu ds ek/;e dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdksa dh foospuk dhft, ,oa ifjogu ds ek/;eksa ds O;ofLFkr fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Discuss the factors affecting mode of transport and throw light on systematic development of modes of transport.

^c [k.M ^c* (Section 'B')

789-

fo'o O;kikj ds vk/kqfud fl)kUrksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the modern theory of International Trade.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; O;kikj ds lanHkZ esa Lost ugj ekxZ dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give a description of Suez Canal Route with reference to International Trade.

okguh; iznw"k.k dk vFkZ Li"V dhft, A okguh; iznw"k.k dks fu;af=r djus okys rÙoksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain the meaning of vehicular pollution. Discuss the factors controlling vehicular pollution.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) izeq[k ifjegkns'kh; jsyekxZ (Important transcontinental Rail line ) (ii) mÙkjh vVykafVd O;kikj ekxZ (North Atlantic trade route) (iii) mÙkjh vesfjdk dk vkUrfjd ty ifjogu (Inland waterways of North America)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

fgUnh lkfgR; dk bfrgkl ¼vkfn ,oa eè;dky½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­I

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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vk/kqfud dky ds ukedj.k ds lkFk gh mlds [kaMksa&mi[kaMksa dks fo'ysf"kr dhft, A vkfndkyhu lkfgR; dh izo`fÙk;ksa dk ys[kk&tks[kk izLrqr dhft, A viHkza'k vkSj Çgnh ds lanHkZ esa jklks dkO; dh foospuk dhft, A HkfDr&vkanksyu ij iM+us okys vU; fopkj&/kkjkvksa ds izHkkoksa dh laf{kIr ppkZ dhft, A ^^lar&dkO; Çgnh lkfgR; dh vR;ar egÙoiw.kZ Fkkrh gS A** bl dFku dks lR;kfir dhft, A izseekxhZ 'kk[kk ds dkO; dh izo`fÙk;ksa ds vk/kkj ij mldh fo'ks"krkvksa dks fpfàr dhft, A ^HkfDr* 'kCn dk O;qRiR;Z crkrs gq, mlds rkfÙod cks/k dks Li"V dhft, A Ñ".k HkfDr 'kk[kk dh dkO;xr fo'ks"krkvksa dks foLrkj ls fu:fir dhft, A jke&dFkk dh ijEijk dk laf{kIr fooj.k nhft, A

10- jhfrdkyhu dkO; dh izo`fÙk;ksa dk ,d vkykspukRed vkdyu izLrqr dhft, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

dkO;½ ¼izkphu ,oa e/;dkyhu dkO;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­II

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa Aiz'u la[;k 10 ¼nl½ vfuok;Z gSA Aiz

Time : 3 Hours.

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^^fo|kifr HkDr dfo gSa vFkok J`axkfjd\** bl dFku dh leh{kk dhft,A dchj & dkO; dh izklafxdrk vkt ds lanHkZ esa D;k gS] la{ksi esa crkb,A tk;lh ds u[k&f'k[k&o.kZu dh fo'ks"krkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy,A lwj ds Hkzejxhr esa lxq.k HkfDr dh egÙkk izfrikfnr dh xbZ gS] Li"V dhft,A rqylh dh dkO;&dyk ij fVIi.kh fyf[k,A rqylh dh dfork esa fpf=d rRdkyhu lekt dk foospu dhft,A fcgkjh dh Hkk"kkxr fo'ks"krkvksa dh crkb,A ?kukuUn ds dkO; esa la;ksx ,oa fo;ksx J`axkj esa rqyuk dhft,A Hkw"k.k dh Hkk"kk&'kSyh ij ,d fuca/k fyf[k,A fdUgha nks vorj.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft,A ¼d½ ftfg ?kfV izhfr u izse jl] Qqfu jluk ufga jkeA rs uj bl lalkj esa mift Hk;s csdkeA ¼[k½ ukxerh fprmj i¡Fk gsjkA fim tks x, fQfj dhUg u Qsjk ukxfj ukfj dkgq¡ cl ijkA rsb¡ fceksfg ekslkSa fprq gjk lqok dky gksbZ yS xk ihÅ A fim ufga ysr&ysr c: thÅA ¼x½ vo/ks'k ds }kjs ldkjs xbZ] lqr xksn dS Hkwifr yS fudlSA voyksfd gkSa lks;&fcekspu dks Bfx lh jgh] ts u Bxs f/kd lsA rqylh eaujatu jaftr&vatu tsu&lq&[katu&tkrd lsA ltuh lfl esa lelhy meS uouhr ljks:g ls fcdklSA ¼?k½ dud dud rsa lkS xquh ekndrk vf/kdkbA mfga [k, ckSjkb uj] bfga ik,a ckSjkbA

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

fgUnh dFkk&lkfgR; dgkuh½ ¼miU;kl ,oa dgkuh½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

Part­I, Paper­III

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A

¼[k.M ^d*½

123456789xksnku esa izsepUn ds ;FkkFkZoknh n`f"Vdks.k dk dgk¡ rd fuokZg gqvk gS] leh{kk dhft, A ^lquhrk* esa lquhrk dk pfj=&fp=.k dhft, A ^ck.kHkV~V dh vkRedFkk* ds lajpuk&f'kYi ij izdk'k Mkfy, A ^eSyk vk¡py* ds f'kYi ij fopkj dhft, A miU;kl ds rÙoksa dk foospu dhft, A

[k*½ ¼[k.M ^^[k*½ [k

dgkuh vkSj miU;kl ds varj dks Li"V dhft, A ^?khlw lkekU; fdlkuksa ls T;knk fopkjoku~ Fkk*&bl dFku ij fopkj dhft, A cq)xqIr ds pkfjf=d fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy, A f'kYi dh n`f"V ls ^'kj.knkrk* dgkuh ds oSf'k"V~; ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

10- ^rhljh dle* dgkuh dks vkapfyd dgkuh dgk tk ldrk gS ;k ugha \ ;qfDr;qDr mÙkj nhft, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

kfUrd½ Hkk"kk foKku ¼lS)kfUrd½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­IV

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Time : 3 Hours.

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Hkk"kk foKku dk Kku&foKku dh vU; 'kk[kkvksa ls lEca/k js[kkafdr dhft, A Hkk"kk dh mRifÙk&fo"k;d fofHkUu erksa dk ifjp; nsrs gq, ,d leh;hu er dk ladsr dhft, A /ofu&ifjorZu dh fn'kkvksa dk ifjp; nhft, A 'kCn&fodkl dh iz.kkyh dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, A okD; ds rRoksa dk ifjp; nhft, A vFkZ&ifjorZu dh fn'kkvksa dk vkdyu izLrqr dhft, A lekt Hkk"kk foKku dh ifjHkk"kk nsrs gq, mlds izdk;ksZa dk ifjp; nhft, A Hkkjrh; Hkk"kk&fparu ij ,d lqfpafrr fuca/k fyf[k, A vuqokn dh ifjHkk"kk nsrs gq, Hkk"kk foKku ls mlds lEcU/k ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

10- 'kSyh foKku ds rgr fdu&fdu rRoksa ij fopkj fd;k tkrk gS \ lksnkgj.k izdk'k Mkfy, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

Hkkjrh; dkO; 'kkL=

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­V

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Time : 3 Hours.

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dkO;kRek ds :i esa vkSfpR; fl)kUr dh leh{kk djrs gq, dkO; esa vkSfpR; dk egÙo crykb;s A dkO;kRek lEcU/kh fofo/k erksa dh leh{kk djrs gq, fl) dhft, fd jl gh dkO; dh vkRek gS A HkV~VyksYyV ds mRifÙkokn dk leh{kkRed ifjp; nhft, A jl&fu"ifÙk izfØ;k ds lEcU/k esa fofo/k fo}kuksa ds erksa dk laf{kIr ifjp; nhft, A e/kqerh Hkwfedk fdls dgrs gSa A e/kqerh Hkwfedk vkSj lk/kkj.khdj.k ds lEcU/k ,oa vUrj dks Li"V dhft, A vyadkj ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ vyadkj dh fofo/k ifjHkk"kkvksa ij fopkj djrs gq, dkO; esa vyadkj dk egÙo crykb;s A 'kCnkyadkj ds izeq[k Hksnksa dk lksnkgj.k ifjp; nhft, A jhfr dh ifjHkk"kk nsrs gq, mlds Hksnksa dk lksnkgj.k ifjp; nhft, A oØksfDr dk 'kkL=h; vFkZ fu:fir djrs gq, mlds Hksnksa dk ifjp; nhft, A

10- vkSfpR;&fl)kUr ds izeq[k Hksnksa dk ifjp; nhft, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

¼Hkkjrh; vfgUnh lkfgR;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­VI

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Time : 3 Hours.

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oSfnd lkfgR; dk ifjp; nhft, A laLÑr ds egkdkO;ksa dk ifjp; nhft, A ey;kye dh dgkfu;ksa dk bfrgkl fyf[k, A vk/kqfud ;qx esa dUuM+&dkO; ds fodkl dh :ijs[kk Li"V dhft, A xqtjkrh lkfgR; dk mn;dky dc ls dc rd ekuk tkrk gS \ bl ;qx esa jps x;s lkfgR; dk ifjp; nhft, A c¡xyk ds oS".ko lkfgR; dk ifjp; nhft, A mnwZ ds izFke dfo dkSu Fks \ muds fo"k; esa tks tkurs gksa lks fyf[k, A rfey lkfgR;sfrgkl ds la?k;qx ds ukedj.k dk vkSfpR; fl) djrs gq, bl ;qx dh lkfgR;&jpuk dk ifjp; nhft, A laLÑr ds ukVd&lkfgR; dk ifjp; nhft, A

10- mnwZ ds gkL;&O;aX; lkfgR; dk ifjp; nhft, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

¼iz;kstu ewyd fgUnh½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­VII

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Time : 3 Hours.

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tulapkjh fgUnh ds Lo:i dk foospu dhft, A iz;kstu ewyd fgUnh ds fofo/k :iksa dk foospu&fo'ys"k.k dhft, A vuqokn djrs le; fdu&fdu fcUnqvksa ij fo'ks"k :i ls /;ku nsuk gksrk gS \ fuEufyf[kr 'kCnksa ds fy, fgUnh ikfjHkkf"kd 'kCn nhft, %&

(i) Joint Secretary (ii) Under Secretary (iv) Deputy Commissioner (vi) Supervisor (viii) Proctor (x) Abeyance (xii) Circular (xiv) Earnest Money (xvi) Plebiscite (iii) Collector (v) Sub Judge (vii) Civil Surgeon (ix) A.D.C. (xi) Acquaintance Roll (xiii) Communiqué (xv) Habeas Corpus

56789-

iYyou ds eq[; flU)krksa dk foospu dhft, A dk;kZy;h izk:i fdrus izdkj ds gksrs gSa \ Li"V dhft, A tulapkj ls D;k le>rs gSa \ blds izeq[k :iksa dk foospu dhft, A lEikndh; fVIi.kh vkSj ^vxzys[k* dk vUrj crkrs gq, buds egÙo ij izdk'k Mkfy, A ^izkeqæ la'kks/ku* ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bldh vko';drk vkSj mi;ksfxrk ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

The common people who have a fixed income remain helpless. The five year plans were intended to raise the living standard of the common man and remove poverty from the country. But their objectives have not been fulfilled. The economic gains have been cornered by a handful of people while the vast majority of people in the country do not get win two square meals a day. The gross mismanagement in some of major public sector undertaking is partly responsible for the prevailing malaise in the country.

10- fuEufyf[kr vorj.k dk fgUnh esa vuqokn dhft, %&

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

¼fgUnh vkykspuk ds vk/kkj LrEHk ,oa mudh vkykspuk&i)fr½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­VIII

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Time : 3 Hours.

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vkpk;Z 'kqDy dh vkykspuk ds fo/kk;d rÙoksa dk vkdyu dhft, A lkfgR;sfrgkfld dky&foHkktu vkSj vkpk;Z 'kqDy fo"k; ij ,d fVIi.kh fyf[k, A uannqykjs oktis;h dh vkykspuk ds ekunaM dh leh{kk dhft, A ,sfrgkfld vkykspuk&i)fr dk foLrkjiwoZd o.kZu djrs gq, mlesa gtkjh izlkn f}osnh ds ;ksxnku dks Li"V dhft, A xqykc jk; dh leh{kk&i)fr dk ewY;kadu dhft, A MkWOE uxsUæ dh lkfgR;&fo"k;d vo/kkj.kk dk foospu dhft, A jhfrdky dh 'kkL=h; O;k[;k djus esa fo'oukFk izlkn feJ ds ;ksxnku dh ppkZ dhft, A ^^MkWOE jkefoykl 'kekZ ds vkykspuk ds ekunaM ekDlZoknh fopkj/kkjk dk u;s <+ax ls mi;ksx gS A** bl dFku dh lkFkZdrk ij fVIi.kh dhft, A ufyu foykspu 'kekZ dh ijEijk&n`f"V ij vius fopkj Li"V dhft, A

10- vkykspuk ds {ks= esa ukeoj Çlg ds ;ksxnku ij fopkj dhft, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

Part­II, Paper­IX (New Course)

¼fgUnh lkfgR; dk bfrgkl½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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Hkkjrsanq&;qxhu dkO; dh izeq[k izo`fÙk;ksa dk ifjp; nhft, A ^^f}osnh&;qxhu dkO; vkn'kZoknh vkSj uhfrijd gSaA** bl dFku dk rdZiw.kZ foospu dhft, A Hkkjrsanq&;qx ds izeq[k miU;kldkjksa dk ifjp; nhft, A f}osnh&;qxhu miU;klksa dh izeq[k izo`fÙk;ksa dk ifjp; nhft, A fgUnh dh igyh dgkuh dkSu&lh gS \ rdZiw.kZ mÙkj nhft, A f}osnh;qxhu dgkfu;ksa dh izeq[k izo`fÙk;ksa dk ifjp; nhft, A vk/kqfud fgUnh ukVd ds fodkl esa Hkkjrsanq dh Hkwfedk dk ifjp; nhft, A t;'kadj izklkn ds ,sfrgkfld ukVdksa dk laf{kIr ifjp; nhft, A cyÑ".k Hkê ds fuca/kksa dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk ifjp; nhft, A

10- f}osnh&;qxhu vkykspuk dh izo`fÙk;ksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

fgUnh lkfgR; dk bfrgkl vk/kqfud dky ¼Nk;kokn ls ysdj izxfrokn rd½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­X

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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Nk;kokn dh ifjHkk"kk nsrs gq, mldh dkO;xr fo'ks"krkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A Nk;kokn ds izeq[k dfo;ksa dk ifjp; nhft, A Nk;kokn&;qxhu gkL;&O;aX;kRed dkO; dh fo'ks"krkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A mÙkj Nk;kokn ds izeq[k dfo;ksa dk laf{kIr ifjp; nhft, A ukVddkj t;'kadj izlkn ds ukVdksa dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k dhft, A izsepan dh miU;kl&dyk dk ifjp; nhft, A t;'kadj izlkn dh dgkfu;ksa dh fo'ks"krk,¡ crkb, A gtkjh izlkn f}osnh ds yfyr fuca/kksa dk ifjp; nhft, A Nk;koknh vkykspuk dh izo`fÙk;ksa dk foospu dhft, A

10- thouh ,oa vkRedFkk dk varj Li"V djrs gq, nksuksa dk bfrgkl fyf[k, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

¼vk/kqfud fgUnh&lkfgR;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­XI

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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iz;ksxokn D;k gS \ iz;ksxokn ds izeq[k dfo;ksa dk la{ksi esa ifjp; nhft, A iz;ksxokn dh izeq[k izo`fÙk;ksa dk mYys[k dhft, A izi|okn D;k gS \ mls usduokn dh laKk D;ksa nh tkrh gS \ u;h dfork dk lkekU; ifjp; nhft, A fgUnh ukVd ds fodkl esa eksgu jkds'k ds ;ksxnku dh ppkZ dhft, A fgUnh miU;kl ds fodkl esa vkapfyd miU;kldkjksa ds egÙo dks js[kkafdr dhft, A u;h dgkuh vkanksyu ij izdk'k Mkfy, A yfyr fuca/kdkjksa dk laf{kIr ifjp; nhft, A 'kqDyth ds ckn ds izeq[k fgUnh vkykspdksa dk ifjp; nhft, A

10- fgUnh vkRedFkk&lkfgR; ds mn~Hko vkSj fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

Part­II, Paper­XII

¼ukVd vkSj jaxeap½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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ukV~; ds Lo:i ,oa y{k.k dks Li"V dhft, A fgUnh ukV~; fl)kUrksa ds fo"k; esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ Li"V dhft, A ukV~;dyk dh n`f"V ls ^pUækoyh* ukfVdk dh leh{kk dhft, A Hkk"kk dh n`f"V ls ^pUækoyh* ukfVdk dh leh{kk dhft, A ukV~;dyk dh n`f"V ls ^LdanxqIr* ukVd dh leh{kk dhft, A ^LdanxqIr* ukVd dh ,sfrgkfldrk ij fopkj dhft, A vfHkus;rk dh n`f"V ls ^vk"kk<+ dk ,d fnu* ukVd dh leh{kk dhft, A ukV~;dyk dh n`f"V ls ^vk"kk<+ dk ,d fnu* dh leh{kk dhft, A ^cdjh* ukVd ds oLrq&fo/kku ij fopkj dhft, A

10- ,sClMZ ukVd dh fo'ks"krk crkrs gq, ^cdjh* ukVd ij fopkj dhft, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

¼vk/kqfud dFkk&lkfgR;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­XIII

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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^jkx njckjh* esa fpf=r O;aX; dh lkFkZdrk ij fopkj dhft, A ^jkx njckjh* ,d lkekU; pfj=ksik[;ku gS] dSls \ ^jkx njckjh* dh Hkk"kk&'kSyh dk ewY;kadu dhft, A ^egkHkkst* ledkyhu Hkkjrh; jktuhfr dk ;FkkFkZ fp= izLrqr djrk gS] dSls \ miU;kl&dyk ds vk/kkj ij ^uhyk pk¡n* dh leh{kk dhft, A dgkuh&dyk dh n`f"V ls ^tgk¡ y{eh dSn gS* dgkuh dh leh{kk dhft, A ^^xtk/kj ckcw dh ihM+k O;kid lkekftd lR; dk vad gS A** bl dFku dh leh{kk dhft, A ^;s chekj yksx* dgkuh ds ik=ksa dk ifjp; nhft, A ^^Çtnxh vkSj tksad* jtqvk ds vfLrRo dh dgkuh gS A** bl dFku dh leh{kk dhft, A

10- ^xqydh cUuks* dgkuh ds mís'; ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

¼fucU/k rFkk vU; x| fo/kk,¡½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­XIV

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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yfyr fuca/k dh fo'ks"krk,¡ crkb, A dqcsjukFk jk; ds yfyr fuca/kksa ds oSf'k"V~; dk mYys[k dhft, A x|&dkO; dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft, A x| dkO;dkj ds :i esa jkeÑ".k nkl dk ifjp; nhft, A ;k=k&o`Ùkkar ds Lo:i dks Li"V dhft, A ;k=k&o`Ùkkar dh ijEijk vkSj izo`fÙk;ksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A js[kk fp= dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k dhft, A js[kkfp= dh ijEijk esa csuhiqjh dk D;k LFkku gS \ ;qfDr;qDr mÙkj nhft, A y?kqdFkk dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

10- jkes'ojukFk frokjh ds y?kqdFkk lalkj dk ifjp; nhft, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

Part­II, Paper­XV

¼ik'pkR; vkykspuk vkSj 'kSyh foKku½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.

nksuksa [k.Mksa ls iz'u dk p;u djrs gq, dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A de&ls&de [k.M ^[k* ls ,d iz'u dk mÙkj nsuk vfuok;Z gS A lHkh iz'uksa ds eku cjkcj gSa A

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[k.M ^d* gksjsl ds dkO;&lEcU/kh erksa dk mYys[k dhft, A fjpMZ~l ds lEizs"k.k fl)kUr dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, A dkO; esa mnkÙk rÙo ds iks"kd ,oa fojks/kh rÙoksa dks js[kkafdr dhft, A vjLrw ds egkdkO;&lEcU/kh fopkj dk foospu dhft, A VhOE ,lOE bfy;V dh ijEijk&fo"k;d ekU;rk dk foLrkj ls ewY;kadu dhft, A Øksps ds vfHkO;atu&fl)kUr ds ewyHkwr oSpkfjd rÙoksa dh foospuk dhft, A euksfo'ys"k.k vkSj lkfgfR;d vkykspuk ij ,d foLr`r leh{kkRed ys[k fyf[k, A IysVks ds vuqdj.k fl)kUr dh O;k[;k djrs gq, ,d leh{kkRed ys[k fyf[k, A ^[k [k* [k.M ^[k* 'kSyh foKku ds {ks= dk foospu dhft, A

10- 'kSyh foKku dh mi;ksfxrk ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Hindi}

¼fgUnh Hkk"kk dh lajpuk½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­XVI

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

oSfnd laLÑr vkSj ykSfdd laLÑr dk vUrj Li"V dhft, A fgUnh Hkk"kk&{ks= dk fooj.k nhft, A cfTtdk ds fodkl ij laf{kIr izdk'k Mkyrs gq, blds O;kdjf.kd Lo:i ds eq[; fcUnqvksa ij viuk fpUru izLrqr dhft, A fgUnh dh Loj&O;atu /ofu;ksa dk ifjp; nhft, A 'kCn vkSj vFkZ ds lEcU/k ij vius fopkj izLrqr dhft, A okD; ds Lo:i dh foospuk dhft, A fo'o dh izkphu fyfi;ksa dk laf{kIr ifjp; nhft, A czkãh fyfi dh mRifÙk fo"k;d fl)kUrksa dh leh{kk dhft, A nsoukxjh fyfi ds fodkl&Øe dks Li"V dhft, A

10- nsoukxjh fyfi ds ekudhdj.k ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

¼bfrgkl ys[ku esa vU; fo/kkvksa dk ;ksxnku½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­I

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de ,d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs gq;s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkjh nhft, A dk lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one question from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

12-

/kkÆed lkfgR; Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ys[ku esa fdl izdkj enn igq¡pkrk gS \ Li"V dhft, A

How does the Religions Literature help in writing of Indian history ? Explain.

iqjkrkfÙod vUos"k.kksa ,oa mR[kuuksa ls Hkkjrh; bfrgkl&fuekZ.k esa dSls lgk;rk izkIr gksrh gS \ Li"V dhft, A

How do the archaeological explorations and excavations help in re-construction of Indian History ? Explain.

3-

Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ds iquysZ[ku esa dyk&Ñfr;ksa ds ;ksxnku dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the role of art objects in re-writing of Indian History.

GROUP 'B'

45-

iqjk&LFkyksa dh [kkst ds fy;s ikjEifjd fof/k;ksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Describe traditional methods of exploration of archaeological sites.

fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) mÙkjh Ñ".kekÆtr e`nek.M (Northern Black Polished Ware) (b) Lrjhdj.k (Stratification) (c) frfFkdj.k dh dkcZu&14 fof/k (Carbon-14 method of dating)

GROUP 'C'

678-

Hkkjrh; ys[ku&dyk dh mRifÙk ds lEcU/k esa Hkkjrh; mRifÙk ds fl)kUr dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine the theory of Indian origin of writing in India.

czkãh fyfi ds mRifÙk ds lEcU/k esa Hkkjrh; mRifÙk ds fl)kUr dh foospuk dhft, A

Analyse arguments in favour of Indian origin of Brahmi script.

fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) gM+Iiu&fyfi (Harappan Script) (b) [kjks"Bh fyfi (Kharoshthi Script) (c) v] d] [k] x] p] t] Fk ,oa n dks vk'kksdkyhu p] t] Fk and n in Ashokan Brahmi Script)

czkãh fyfi esa fyf[k, (Write v] d] [k] x]

GROUP 'D'

9-

Hkkjrh; flDdksa dh ns'kt mRifÙk ij ,d fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a note on indigenous origin of Indian coins.

10- vkgr flDdksa dh mRifÙk] izkphurk ,oa fo'ks"krkvksa ij ,d fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a note on origin, antiquity and characteristics of Punch Marked Coins.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

¼bfrgkl ys[ku esa vU; fo/kkvksa dk ;ksxnku½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­I

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de ,d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs gq;s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkjh nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A lHkh

GROUP 'A'

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one question from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ds iquÆuekZ.k esa /kesZÙkj lkfgR; ,oa fudV ,sfrgkfld jpukvksa ds ;ksxnku dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the contribution of secular literature and near historical writings in re-construction of Indian history.

2-

iqjkrkfRod vUos"k.k ,oa mR[kuu izkphu Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ys[ku dks vR;Ur egÙoiw.kZ ;ksxnku nsrs gSa A Ñi;k eUrO; xfBr djsa A fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

3-

Archaeological explorations and excavations contribute immensely to writing of ancient Indian history. Please comment. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ds lzksr ds :i esa vfHkys[k (Inscriptions as a source of Indian History) (b) Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ds lzksr ds :i esa eqæk;sa (Coins as a source of Indian History) (c) Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ds lzksr ds :i esa dyk&lkefxz;k¡ (Art objects as a source of Indian History)

GROUP 'B'

45-

iqjk&LFkyksa dh [kkst ds fy;s oSKkfud fof/k;ksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Describe scientific methods of exploration of archaeological sites.

fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) fpf=r /kwlj e`nek.M (Painted Grey Ware) (b) frfFkdj.k dh dkcZu&14 fof/k (Carbon-14 method of dating) (c) mÙkjh Ñ".kekÆtr e`nek.M (Northern Black Polished Ware)

GROUP 'C'

678-

Hkkjr esa ys[ku&dyk dh izkphurk rFkk mRifÙk ij ,d fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a note on antiquity and origin of writing in India.

czkãh fyfi dh fons'kh mRifÙk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on foreign origin of Brahmi Script.

fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) gM+Iiu&fyfi (Harappan Script) (b) [kjks"Bh fyfi (Kharoshthi Script) (c) vk'kksdkyhu czkãh fyfi esa v] d] x] t] V] r] Fk ,oa u dSls fy[kk tkrk v] d] x] t] V] r] Fk and u written in Asokan Brahmi Script ?)

Fkk \ (How was

GROUP 'D'

9-

Hkkjrh; flDdksa ds fons'kh mRifÙk ij ,d fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a note on foreign origin of Indian coins. Discuss origin, antiquity and characteristics of Punch Marked Coins.

10- vkgr flDdksa dh mRifÙk] izkphurk ,oa fo'ks"krkvksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­II (Pre and Proto History of India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123-

i`Foh dh mRifÙk ,oa mez fu/kkZj.k ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu fl)kUrksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss different theories regarding origin and age determination of earth.

Hkkjr dh iqjk ik"kk.kdkyhu laLÑfr dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss main features of the Palaeolithic Culture of India.

Hkkjr dh e/; ik"kk.kdkyhu laLÑfr dh izkphurk] foLrkj] midj.kksa ds izdkj rFkk laLÑfr dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Describe antiquity, extent, tool types and main features of the Mesolithic Culture of India.

456-

cywfpLrku rFkk Çl/k dh iwoZ gM+IikbZ laLÑfr;ksa ij ,d fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a note on pre-Harappan Cultures of Baluchistan and Sindh.

lSa/ko lH;rk ds lkekftd] vkÆFkd ,oa /kkÆed igyqvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine social, economic and religious aspects of Indus Civilizations.

lSa?ko lH;rk dk vpkud vUr dSls gqvk \ D;k ckn ds o"kks± esa bl lH;rk dh dfri; fo'ks"krkvksa dh fujUrjrk ds izek.k feyrs gSa \

How did Indus Civilization come to an abrupt end ? Are there proofs of continuity of certain features of this civilization in later years ?

789-

lSa/ko lH;rk ds foLrkj rFkk blds fons'kh lEidks± dh foospuk dhft, A

Analyze extent and foreign contacts of Indus Civilization.

rkezfuf/k midj.kksa ds izdkj] foLrkj] izkphurk rFkk muds fuekZrkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on typology, extent, antiquity and authors of Copper Hoards Implements.

Hkkjr esa ykSg rduhd dh izkphurk rFkk mRifÙk dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine antiquity and origin of iron-technique in India.

10- fuEu esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) lSa/ko lH;rk dh uxj&;kstuk (Urban-planning in Indus Civilization) (b) c`gRik"kkf.kd laLÑfr dh mRifÙk ,oa izkphurk (Origin and antiquity of Megalithic Culture) (c) dkyk ,oa yky e`nek.M laLÑfr (Black and Red Ware Culture)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­II (Pre and Proto History of India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

12-

i`Foh dh vk;q ds fofHkUu Hkw&xÆHkd dky [k.Mksa esa thou ds Øfed fodkl ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on evolution of life in different geological eras of earth.

Hkkjr dh e/; iqjk ik"kk.kdkyhu laLÑfr ds foLrkj] mlds midj.kkas ds izdkj] izkphurk rFkk mldh fo'ks"krkvksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine the extent, tool types, antiquity and characteristics of the middle Paleolithic culture of India.

34-

Hkkjr dh uo ik"k.k dkyhu laLÑfr dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe main features of the Neolithic culture of India.

^^cywfpLrku dh iwoZ gM+IikbZ laLÑfr;ksa us lSa/ko lH;rk dh uhao j[khA** bl dFku dh leh{kk dhft, A

"Pre-Harappan cultures of Baluchistan laid the foundation of Indus Civilization." Examine this statement.

56789-

lSa/ko lH;rk ds lkekftd] vkfFkZd ,oa /kkfeZd igyqvksa ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on Social, economic and religious aspects of Indus Civilization.

^^lSa/ko lH;rk dh uxj&;kstuk vius le; dh egkure~ miyfC/k Fkh A** ijh{k.k dhft,A A

"Urban planning of Indus Civilization was the biggest achievement of its time." Examine.

lSa/ko lH;rk ds fons'kh lEidksZ ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on foreign contacts of Indus Civilization.

rkezfuf/k midj.kksa ds izdkj] foLrkj] izkphurk rFkk muds fuekZrkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on typology, extent, antiquity and authors of copper Hoards Implements.

Hkkjr esa ykSg rduhd ds ns'kt mRifÙk ,oa fodkl ls lEcfU/kr fl)kUr dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine the theory of indigenous origin and development of non-technique in India.

10- fuEu esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) lSa/ko lH;rk dk foLrkj (Extent of Indus Civilization) (b) c`gRik"kkf.kd laLÑfr dh mRifÙk ,oa izkphurk (Origin and antiquity of Megalithic Culture) (c) xs:vk jax ls /kqyh gqbZ e`nHkk.M laLÑfr (Ochre Washed Ware Culture)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­III (Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India) (Earliest Times to Kushanas) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq;s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

vk;Z dkSu Fks \ vk;ks± ds vkfn&ns'k ds lEcU/k esa izpfyr fofHkUu fl)kUrksa dk foospu dhft, A

Who were the Aryans ? Analyze different theories propounded on original home-land of the Aryans.

23456-

fcfEclkj ls /kukuUn rd ex/k lkezkT; ds mRd"kZ ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on rise of Magadh empire from Bimbisara to Dhana Nanda.

v'kksd dh fons'k uhfr dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine foreign policy of Asoka.

ekS;Z lkezkT; ds iru ds dkj.kksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine causes of the fall of the Mauryan empire.

dfu"d dh miyfC/k;ksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on achievements of Kanishka.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) vFkZ'kkL= dk fooj.k (Arthasastra's account) (b) ekS;Zdkyhu dyk vkSj LFkkiR; (Mauryan Art and Architecture) (c) dÇyx ;q) (Kalinga-war)

GROUP 'B'

789-

oSfnd lkfgR; dh izkphurk ,oa Lrjhdj.k dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Describe antiquity and stratification of Vedic Literature.

mÙkj oSfnd dkyhu lkekftd ,oa vkÆFkd n'kk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe Social and Economic condition during Later Vedic period.

Hkxoku egkohj dh thouh rFkk mudh f'k{kkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Describe life and teachings of Lord Mahabir.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) _x~&oSfnd dkyhu /kkÆed n'kk (Religion during Rig-Vedic period.) (b) jkek;.k vkSj egkHkkjr % mn~Hko ,oa izkphurk (Ramayana and Mahabharata : Origin and Antiquity) (c) ekS;Zdkyhu vkÆFkd n'kk (Economic condition during Mauryan period)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­III (Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India) (Earliest Times to Kushanas) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­II

Full Marks : 80

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq;s dqy ik¡p izz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A i lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

123-

Hkkjr esa _XoSfnd rFkk mÙkjoSfnd ;qxksa esa vk;ksZ ds HkkSxksfyd foLrkj ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on geographical spread of Aryans in India during Rig-Vedic and later Vedic periods.

iqjk.kksa esa of.kZr ikjEifjd Hkkjrh; bfrgl dh foospuk dhft, A

Analyse traditional history of India as mentioned in the puranas.

ekS;ksZa dh mRifÙk ds lEcU/k esa izpfyr fofHkUu fl)kUrksa dh leh{kk dhft, rFkk izFke ekS;Z lezkV ds lkefjd Ñfr;kas dk mYys[k dhft, A

Examine different theories regarding origin of the Mauryas and describe military exploits of first Mauryan king.

45-

dfyax ;q) ds dkj.k] ifj.kke ,oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Analyse causes, consequences and and effects of Kalinga War.

^^dyk ,oa laLÑfr ds laj{kd ds lkFk&lkFk dfu"d ,d egku /keZ lfg".kq 'kkld Hkh Fkk A** O;k[;k dhft, A

"Apart from king a patron of Art and letters Kanishka was also a great religious tolerant ruler." Discuss.

6-

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) esxkLFkuht (Megasthenese) (b) v'kksd ds vfHkys[k (Inscriptions of Ashoka) (c) 'kqax (Sungas)

GROUP 'B'

789-

_XoSfnd dkyhu Hkk"kk] lkfgR; ,o /keZ dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss language, literature and religion during Rig-Vedic period.

mÙkjoSfnd dkyhu lkekftd ,oa vkfFkZd n'kk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe social and economic conditions during later Vedic period.

Hkxoku cq) ds thou&pfj= rFkk mins'kksa dh O;k[;k dhft;s A

Discuss life and teachings of Lord Buddha.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) oSfnd lkfgR; dk Lrjhdj.k (Stratification of Vedic literature.) (b) mifu"kn (Upanishadas) (c) jkek;.k ,oa egkHkkjr % mn~Hko ,oa izkphurk (Ramayana and Mahabharata : Origin and Antiquity)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­IV (Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India) (Post Kushana period to Harshavardhan) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq;s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

123456-

dq"kk.kksa ds iru ds rqjUr ckn ds mÙkj Hkkjr ds jktuSfrd bfrgkl dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the political history of Northern Indian immediately after the fall of the Kushanas.

pUæxqIr f}rh; dh lkefjd miyfC/k;ksa dk vkykspukRed ewY;kadu dhft, A

Examine critically the military exploits of Chandra-gupta II.

LdUnxqIr ds 'kklu dky dh izeq[k ?kVukvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe main events of the reign of Skanda-gupta.

xqIrdky dks Hkkjrh; bfrgkl dk Lo.kZ ;qx D;ksa dgk tkrk gS \ Li"V dhft, A

Why is the Gupta-period called 'Golden Age' of the Indian history ? Explain.

g"kZo/kZu dh lSfud miyfC/k;ksa rFkk mlds lkezkT; foLrkj ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on military campaigns and extent of empire of Harsha-Vardhan.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) gw.kksa dk Hkkjr ij vkØe.k (Huna invasion of India) (b) Qkfg;ku dk Hkkjr o.kZu (Description of India by Fa-hien) (c) xqIrdkyhu iz'kklfud O;oLFkk (Gupta-administration)

GROUP 'B'

789-

xqIrdkyhu lkekftd&n'kk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on social condition during Gupta period.

oS".ko /keZ ds mn~Hko ,oa xqIrdky esa mlds izpkj ,oa izlkj ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on origin of Vaishnavism and its propagation and spread during Gupta period.

xqIrdkyhu dyk ,oa LFkkiR; dh foospuk dhft, A

Analyze art and architecture during Gupta period.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) iqjk.k (The Puranas) (b) xqIr&dkyhu dkO; ,oa dgkfu;k¡ (Poetry and Stories during Gupta period) (c) ukyUnk fo'ofo|ky; (Nalanda University) (d) xqIrdky esa egk;ku dk mn~Hko ,oa fodkl (Origin and Development of Mahayana during Gupta-period)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­IV (Political and Socio-Economic History of Ancient India) (Post Kushana period to Harshavardhan) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­II

Full Marks : 80

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq;s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

123456-

dq"kk.kksa ds iru ds rqjUr ckn ds mÙkj Hkkjr ds jktuSfrd bfrgkl ij ,d fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a note on political history of Northern India immediately after the fall of the Kushanas.

pUæxqIr izFke ds thou&pfj= ,oa miyfC/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe life and achievements of Chandra-gupta I.

dqekj xqIr ds 'kkludky dh izeq[k ?kVukvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on main events of the reign of Kumar-gupta.

xqIrdky dks Hkkjrh; bfrgkl dk Lo.kZ&;qx D;ksa dgk tkrk gS \ Li"V dhft, A

Why is the Gupta-period called 'Golden Age' of the Indian History ? Explain.

g"kZo/kZu dh lkaLÑfrd miyfC/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe cultural achievements of Harsha-Vardhan.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) esgjkSyh ykSg LrEHk vfHkys[k dk pUæ ("Chandra" of Meharauli Iron pillar inscription) (b) Qkfg;ku dk Hkkjr o.kZu (Description of India by Fa-hien) (c) gq.kksa dk Hkkjr ij vkØe.k (Huna Invasion of India)

GROUP 'B'

789-

xqIrdky ds nkSjku ckS) ,oa tSu lkfgR; ds fodkl dk foospu dhft, A

Analyze the development of Buddhist and Jaina literature during Gupta period.

oS".ko /keZ dk mn~Hko ,oa xqIrdky esa mlds izpkj ,oa izlkj ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on origin of Vaishanavism and its propagation and spread during Gupta period.

xqIrdky ds nkSjku dyk ,oa LFkkiR; ds fodkl dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine development of art and architecture during Gupta period.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) iqjk.k (The Puranas) (b) xqIrdkyhu f'k{kk (Education during Gupta period) (c) xqIrdky ds nkSjku fons'kh O;kikj (Foreign trade during Gupta period)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­V (Political and Socio-Economic History of Early Medieval India) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­I

Full Marks : 80

[k.M ¼d½ ls de ls de 2 ,oa [k.M ¼[k½ ,oa [k.M ¼x½ ds izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de ,d iz'u dk p;u djrs gq;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSSa A g

Answer Five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from Group (A) and one each from Group (B) and Group (C). All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

[k.M ¼d½­GROUP (A) e/; izns'k ds xqtZu&izfrgkjksa dh jktuSfrd rFkk lkaLÑfrd miyfC/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

lkfgR;] f'k{kk] dyk ,oa LFkkiR; ds {ks= esa jktiwrksa ds nsuksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe political and cultural achievements of Gurjar-Pratiharas of Madhya Pradesh. Describe contributions of the Rajputs in the fields of literature, education, art and architecture.

flU/k ij eqgeen fcu dkfle ds vkØe.k dh ppkZ dhft, vkSj crkb, fd bl vkØe.k dk Hkkjr ij D;k nwjxkeh izHkko iM+k \

4-

rjkbZu dh nwljh yM+kbZ ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft, vkSj mu rÙoksa dks fpfàr dhft, tks eksgEen xksjh dh lQyrk ds fy, ftEesnkj Fks A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Describe invasion of Muhammad-bin Kasim on Sindh and bring out what long-term effects this invasion left on India ?

5-

Examine the causes and effects of the second battle of Tarain and enumerate factors responsible for success of Mohammad Ghauri. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) jktiwrksa dh mRifÙk ds fl)kUr (Theories regarding the origin of Rajputs) (b) egewn xtuoh dk mÙkj Hkkjr ij /kkok (Raids of Mahamud Ghazanavi on Northern India) (c) mÙkjh Hkkjr esa fgUnw 'kklu ds iru ds dkj.k (Causes of collapse of Hindu rule in Northern India)

678-

[k.M ¼[k½­GROUP (B) iqydsf'ku f}rh; dh fot;xkFkk ,oa miyfC/k;ksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine military conquests and achievements of Pulakesin II.

iYyoksa ds mn~Hko lEcU/kh fl)kUrksa dh leh{kk dhft, A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Examine theories regarding origin of Pallavas.

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) nf{k.k ds jk"VªdwV (Rashtrakutas of Deccan) (b) iYyoksa dh lkaLÑfrd miyfC/k;k¡ (Cultural achievements of the Pallavas) (c) pksyksa dk iz'kklu (Chola administration)

9-

[k.M ¼x½­GROUP (C) iwoZ e/;dkyhu Hkkjr dh vkÆFkd n'kk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on economic condition in early Medieval India. Analyze Muslim Society in early Medieval India.

10- iwoZ e/;dkyhu Hkkjr esa eqfLye lekt dh foospuk dhft, A 11- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) viHkza'k Hkk"kk dk mn~Hko ,oa fodkl (Origin and development of Apabharansa language) (b) ehekalk (Mimamsa) (c) ukyUnk fo'ofo|ky; (Nalanda University)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­V (Political and Socio-Economic History of Early Medieval India) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­II

Full Marks : 80

[k.M ¼d½ ls de ls de 2 ,oa [k.M ¼[k½ ,oa [k.M ¼x½ ds izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de ,d iz'u dk p;u djrs gq;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer Five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from Group (A) and one each from Group (B) and Group (C). All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

¼v½ [k.M ¼v½­GROUP (A) iwohZ Hkkjr ds ikykas dh jktuSfrd ,oa lkaLÑfrd miyfC/;ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

lkfgR;] f'k{kk] dyk ,oa LFkkiR; ds {ks= esa jktiwrkas dh nsuksa dk o.kZu dhft, A mÙkjh Hkkjr ij egewn xtuoh ds /kkcksa dh ppkZ dhft, vkSj Hkkjr ij bl vkØe.k ds nwjxkeh izHkkoksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Describe th raids of Mahemud Ghazanavi on North India and evaluate its long-term effects on India. Describe contributions of the Rajputs in the fields of literature, education, art and architecture. Narrate the political and cultural achievements of Palas of eastern India.

45-

eksgEen xkSjh ds vkØe.k ds le;&Hkkjr dh jktuhfrd n'kk ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write an essay on political conditions of India on the eve of invasion of Mohammad Ghauri. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) jktiwrksa dh mRifÙk ds fl)kUr (Theories regarding the Origin of Rajputs) (b) rjkbu dh nwljh yM+kbZ (Second Battle of Terain) (c) mÙkjh Hkkjr esa fgUnw 'kklu ds iru ds dkj.k (Causes of collapse of Hindu's rule in Northern India)

678-

¼c½ [k.M ¼c½­GROUP (B) iYyoksa dh lkaLÑfrd miyfC/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

jktsUnz pksy&izFke] dh miyfC/k;ksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine achievements of Rajendra Chola­I. Describe the cultural achievements of the Pallavas.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) nf{k.k ds okdkVd (Vakatakas of Deccan) (b) iqydsf'ku f}rh; (Pulakesin II) (c) pksydkyhu dyk ,oa okLrqdyk (Chola Art and Architecture)

9-

¼l½ [k.M ¼l½­GROUP (C) iwoZ e/;dkyhu Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd n'kk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on economic conditions in early Medieval India. Examine the Hindu-Muslim relations in early medieval India. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) viHkza'k Hkk"kk dk mn~Hko ,oa fodkl (Origin and development of Apabharansa Language) (b) ckS) /keZ esa rU=okn (Tantricism in Buddhism) (c) foØef'kyk fo'ofo|ky; (Vikramashila University)

10- iwoZ e/;dkyhu Hkkjr esa fgUnw&eqfLye lEcU/kksa dh leh{kk dhft, A 11- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­VI (India's Early Contacts with West & Central Asia and Cultural Expansion in South-East Asia) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq;s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa dss vad leku gSa A d

GROUP 'A'

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

iwoZ bZ'kk dky[k.M esa Hkkjr rFkk bZjku ds chp jktuSfrd] /kkÆed rFkk O;kolkf;d lEcU/kksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on political, religions and commercial relations between India and Iran in pre-Christian era.

2345-

Hkkjr ij fldUnj ds vkØe.k dk o.kZu dhft, rFkk mlds izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Describe Alexander's invasion of India and examine its effects.

'kdksa ds vkfne okl&LFkku rFkk Hkkjr ds {k=i 'kkldksa ij ,d vkys[k izLrqr dhft, A bZ'kk iwoZ ;qx esa Hkkjrh; ewY;ksa ij if'peh laLÑfr ds izHkkoksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Produce an essay on original home-land of the Sakas and Kshatrap rulers of India. Evaluate impact of western culture on Indian values in pre-Christian era.

Hkkjrh; bfrgkl ds izkjfEHkd o"kks± esa e/; ,f'k;k ¼vQxkfuLrku ,oa [kksrku½ esa Hkkjrh; lkaLÑfrd izlkj dh foospuk dhft, A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

6-

Analyze cultural expansion of India in Central Asia (Afghanistan and Khotan) in early years of Indian history. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) esukaMj (Menander) (b) felz ds lkFk Hkkjr ds izkjfEHkd lEcU/k (India's Early Contacts with Egypt) (c) phu esa Hkkjr dk lkaLÑfrd izlkj (Cultural expansion of India in China) (d) g~osulk¡x dk Hkze.k&o`ÙkkUr (Travel accounts of Hiuen-tsang)

7-

lqo.kZ&}hi ,oa lqo.kZ&Hkwfe dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk bu {ks=ksa ls Hkkjr ds izkjfEHkd O;kikfjd lEcU/kksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Discuss Suvarna-duip and Subarna-bhumi and elucidate early trade contacts of India with these regions.

GROUP 'B'

89-

nf{k.k&iwoZ ,f'k;k ds Hkkjrh; mifuos'kksa esa dyk ,oa LFkkiR; ds fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy, A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Throw light on development of art and architecture in Indian colonies of South-East Asia. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) vaxdksj&jktoa'k (Angkor-Dynasty) (b) pEik ls Hkkjr dk izkjfEHkd O;kikfjd lEcU/k ,oa mldk mifuos'khdj.k (India's early trade contacts with Champa and its colonization.) (c) tkok ds lkFkk Hkkjr dk izkjfEHkd O;kikfjd lEcU/k ,oa erjke jktoa'k dh LFkkiuk (India's early trade contacts with Java and establishment of Mataram Dynasty) Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) nf{k.k&iwoZ ,f'k;kbZ ns'kksa esa izkphu lekt (Early Society in South-East Asian countries) (b) nf{k.k&iwoZ ,f'k;kbZ ns'kksa esa izkphu /keZ (Early religion in South-East Asian Countries) (c) vk;ks± }kjk yadk dk mifuos'khdj.k (Colonization of Lanka by Aryans)

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­VI (India's Early Contacts with West & Central Asia and Cultural Expansion in South-East Asia) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsrs gq;s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1234-

Msfj;l izFke ds lkezkT; foLrkj ,oa iz'kklu ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on extent of empire and administration of Darius I.

Hkkjr ij fldUnj ds vkØe.k dk o.kZu dhft, rFkk Hkkjr ij iM+us okys bl vkØe.k ds izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft, A Hkkjr esa czkf[r;kbZ 'kfDr;ksa ds egÙo ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Describe Alexander's invasion of India and examine effects of this invasion on India. Throw light on importance of the Bactrian forces in India.

bZ'kk iwoZ ;qx esa Hkkjrh; ewY;ksa dks if'peh laLÑfr us fdl izdkj izHkkfor fd;k] bldh leh{kk dhft, A izkjfEHkd fnuksa esa Hkkjr ,oa frCcr ds lkaLÑfrd lEcU/kksa ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

56-

Examine the manner in which the Western culture impacted the Indian values in pre-Christian era. Write an essay on cultural relations between India and Tibet in early days. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) if'peh Hkkjr ds {k=i (Kshatraps of Western India) (b) xks.MksQuhZt (Gondophernese) (c) phu esa Hkkjr dk lkaLÑfrd izlkj (Cultural expansion of India in China) (d) Qkfg;ku (Fa-hien's travel accounts)

7-

lqo.kZ&}hi ,oa lqo.kZ&Hkwfe ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bu {ks=ksa esa Hkkjr ds izkjfEHkd O;kikfjd lEcU/kksa ds foLrkj dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you understand by Suvarna-duip and Subarna-bhumi ? Analyze expansion of early trade relations of India in these regions.

GROUP 'B'

89-

nf{k.k&iwoZ ,f'k;k ds Hkkjrh; mifuos'kksa esa lekt ,oa /keZ dh fLFkfr dh leh{kk dhft, A fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Examine status of society and religion in Indian colonies of South-East Asia. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) tkok dk Çlnksd jktoa'k (Sindok Dynasty of Java) (b) cekZ ds lkFk Hkkjr dk izkjfEHkd O;kikfjd lEcU/k ,oa Hkkjrh; ewy ds jktoa'kksa dh LFkkiuk (India's early trade contacts with Burma and establishment of dynasties of Indian origin) (c) cksfu;ks ds lkFk Hkkjr dk izkjfEHkd O;kikfjd lEcU/k ,oa Hkkjrh; ewy ds jktoa'kksa dh LFkkiuk (India's early trade contacts with Borneo and establishment of dynasties of Indian origin)

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) nf{k.k&iwoZ ,f'k;k ds Hkkjrh; mifuos'kksa esa dyk ,oa LFkkiR; (Art and Architecture in Indian colonies of South-East Asia) (b) nf{k.k&iwoZ ,f'k;k ds Hkkjrh; mifuos'kksa esa lkfgR; ,oa laxhr (Literature and Music in Indian colonies of South-East Asia) (c) vk;ks± }kjk yadk dk mifuos'khdj.k (Colonization of Lanka by Aryans)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­VII (Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Persian Civilizations) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de ,d iz'uksa dk p;u djrs g;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSSa A g

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

felzh lH;rk ds iqjkru jkT; ¼fijkfeM ;qx½ dh lkekftd ,oa /kkfeZd fLFkfr rFkk dyk&dkS'ky dh tkudkjh nhft, A

Give an account of Social and religious life and art & craft during Old Kingdom (Pyramid Age) of the Egyptian Civilization.

234-

fgDlksl dkSu Fks] felz ij muds vkØe.k rFkk mlds ifj.kkekas dh leh{kk dhft, A

Who ware Hyksos ? Examine their invasion of and its effects of Egypt.

v[kukVu dh miyfC/k;ksa ,oa vlQyrkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe achievements and failures of Akhnaton.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) feJ dh lH;rk uhy unh dh nsu gS (Egyptian civilization is the gift of Nile) (b) FkqVeksl r`rh; (Thutmose III) (c) felzh lH;rk ds iru ds dkj.k (Causes of the downfall of the Egyptian Civilization)

GROUP 'B'

5-

eslksiksVkfe;k dh lH;rk ds fodkl esa HkkSxksfyd dkjdksa dk D;k egÙo Fkk \ eslksikSVkfe;k dh lH;rk dh [kkst izkpuhrk ,oa foLrkj ij Hkh izdk'k Mkfy;s A

What importance had the geographical factors in evolution of Mesopotamian civilization ? Also throw light on discovery antiquity and extent of Mesopotamian civilization.

67-

csfcyksu dh lH;rk ds lkekftd] vkfFkZd ,oa /kkfeZd igyqvksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine social, economic and religious aspects of the Babylonian civilization.

dLlkbV dkSu Fks \ csfcyksu ij muds vkØe.k rFkk mudh iz'kklfud ,oa lkaLÑfrd miyfC/k;ksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Who were Kassites ? cultural achievements. Discuss their invasion of Babylon and their administrator and

8-

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) gEeqjkch dh fof/k&lafgrk (Law Code of Hammurabi) (b) lsukpfjc dh miyfC/k;k¡ (Achievements of Sennacherib) (c) v'kqjcfuiky dh miyfC/k;k¡ (Achievement of Ashurbanipal)

GROUP 'C'

9-

Qkjl dh lH;rk dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Analyse main features of the Persian Civilization. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) esanksa dk mRFkku ,oa iru (Rise and fall of the Medes) (b) tsjtsDl (Xerxes) (c) tjFkqLrzk (Zarathustra)

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %& nks

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­VII (Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Persian Civilizations) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de ,d iz'uksa dk p;u djrs g;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1234-

fgDlksl dkSu Fks \ felz ij muds vkØe.k rFkk mlds ifj.kkekas dh leh{kk dhft,A

Who were Hyksos ? Examine their invasion of and its effects on Egypt.

FkqVeksl r`rh; dk ewY;kadu ,d fotsrk rFkk dq'ky iz'kkld ds :i esa dhft, A

Evaluate Thutmose III as a conqueror and an able administrator.

felzh lH;rk ds iru ds dkj.kksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine causes of the downfall of the Egyptian Civilization.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) feJ dh lH;rk uhy unh dh nsu gS (Egyptian civilization is the gift of Nile) (b) dyk ,oa LFkkiR;&dyk dks felzh lH;rk dh nsu (Egyptian contribution in the fields of Art and Architecture) (c) gk'ksilqV dh miyfC/k;k¡ (Achievements of Hatshepsut)

GROUP 'B'

5-

eslksiksVkfe;u lH;rk ds fodkl esa HkkSxksfyd dkjdksa dk fo'ys"k.k dhft;s rFkk bl lH;rk dh [kkst] izlkj ,oa izkphurk ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Analyse geographical factors responsible for growth of Mesopotamian Civilization and throw light on discovery, extent and antiquity of this Civilization.

678-

lqesj dh lH;rk ds lekt] /keZ] f'k{kk ,oa lkfgR; ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on Society, religion, education and literature in Sumerian Civilization.

gEewjkch dh miyfC/k;ksa ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on achievements of Hammurabi.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) vDdkn ds lkjxksu dh miyfC/k;k¡ (Achievements of Sargon of Akkad) (b) cschyksu ;qx esa Hkk"kk ,oa lkfgR; (Language and Literature during Babylonian period) (c) frxyFk fiyslj r`rh; dh miyfC/k;k¡ (Achievement of Tiglath Peleser III) (d) vlhjh lkezkT; ds iru ds dkj.k (Causes of the downfall of Assyrian Empire)

GROUP 'C'

9-

tjFkqL= ds thou rFkk mlds mins'kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe life and preachings of Zarathustra. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) esanks dk mRFkku ,oa iru (Rise and fall of Medes) (b) Msfj;l izFke dh miyfC/k;k¡ (Achievements of Darius-I) (c) Qkjl ds yksx ,oa mudh Hkk"kk (People of Persia and their Language)

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­VIII (Chinese, Greco-Roman and Islamic Civilizations) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de ,d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs g;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

yk&vksRls dh thouh] mldh jpukvksa rFkk jktuhfrd ,oa nk'kZfud fopkjksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Analyze life, his writings and political & philosophical ideas of Lao-tse.

GROUP 'A'

phuh&lH;rk ds fuEufyf[kr {ks=ksa esa fof'k"V ;ksxnkuksa ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

3-

Write note on contributions of the Chinese Civilization in the following fields :­ (a) O;kikj ,oa okf.kT; dk jk"Vªh;dj.k rFkk xjhch mUewyu (Nationalization of trade & commerce and poverty alleviation programmes.) (b) dkxt] L;kgh] ÇizÇVx izsl ,oa dkxth eqæk dk fodkl (Development of paper, ink, printing press and paper currency) (c) okÆu'k dyk] tsM vkSj dkaL; ,oa js'ke m|ksxksa dk fodkl (Development of Lacquer, jade, bronze and silk industries) (d) ljdkjh lsokvksa esa fu;qfDr dh i)fr (Recruitment method for public services)

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) phuh ikSjkf.kd dFkkvksa ds vuqlkj fo'o dh mRifÙk ,oa phuh lH;rk esa vfr izkjfEHkd lkeUrh tkxhjksa dk fodkl (Origin of the world as per traditional Chinese mythology and development of most ancient feudal principalities in Chinese civilization) (b) pkÅ dky esa phuh lH;rk dk fodkl (Development of Chinese civilization during Chou-age) (c) izkphu phuh /keZ (Ancient-Chinese religion) (d) izkphu phuh lekt (Ancient-Chinese society)

456-

isjhDyht ;qx ds lkfgR;] n'kZu] foKku] dyk ,oa LFkkiR;&dyk dk o.kZu dhft, A jkseu lkezkT; ds iru ds dkj.kksa dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, A

Analyze causes of the fall of the Roman empire. Describe Literature, Philosophy, Science, Art and Architecture during Pereclese period.

GROUP 'B'

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) ,FksUl dk uxj&jkT; (City-States of Athens) (b) gksej dkyhu dyk ,oa LFkkiR;&dyk (Art and Architecture during Homer age) (c) vkxLrl lhtj ds lq/kkj (Reforms of Augustus Caesar) (d) jkseu lH;rk dh nsu (Contributions of Roman Civilizations)

789-

bLyke ds mn; ds iwoZ vjc&okfl;ksa ds lkekftd] jktuSfrd] vkÆFkd ,oa /kkÆed thou ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on social, political, economic and religions life of Arabs before dawn of Islam.

GROUP 'C'

vcw cdj] [kyhQk mej rFkk [kyhQk mLeku ds v/khu bLykfed lkezkT; ds foLrkj ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A ^^vCcklh 'kkludky vjcksa dk Lo.kZdky Fkk A** bl dFku dh leh{kk dhft, A

Write an essay on expansion of Islamic empire under Abu Baker, Khalifa Umar and Khalifa Usman. "Age of Abbasides was the Golden period of Arabs". Examine this statement.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) bLyke /keZ ds izeq[k mins'k (Main teachings of Islam) (b) /keZ&;q) ds dkj.k (Causes of Crusades) (c) vjc&lkezkT; esa ukfj;ksa dh fLFkfr (Status of Women in Arab empire)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­I, Paper­VIII (Chinese, Greco-Roman and Islamic Civilizations) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de ,d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs g;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A nhft, lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast one questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

123-

dU¶;qf'k;l dh thouh] mldh jpukvksa rFkk jktuSfrd ,oa nk'kZfud fopkjksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on life his writings and political & philosophical ideas of Confucius.

'kqax&iqutkZxj.k ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on Sung-Renaissance.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) izkphu phuh /keZ (Ancient-Chinese religion) (b) izkphu phuh dyk ,oa LFkkiR;&dyk (Ancient-Chinese Art and Architecture) (c) izkphu phuh Hkk"kk] fyfi ,oa foKku (Ancient-Chinese language, script and science) (d) izkphu phuh lekt (Ancient-Chinese society)

GROUP 'B'

456-

isjhDyht ;qx ds lkfgR;] n'kZu] foKku] dyk ,oa LFkkiR;&dyk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe Literature, Philosophy, Science, Art and Architecture during Pereclese period.

jkse ds lkezkT;&foLrkj dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Delineate the expansion of Roman empire.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) LikVkZ dk uxj&jkT; (City-State of Sparta) (b) gksej dkyhu dyk ,oa LFkkiR;&dyk (Art and Architecture during Homer age) (c) jkseu lH;rk dh nsu (Contributions of Roman Civilizations) (d) jkseu lkezkT; ds iru dk dkj.k (Causes of the fall of Roman empire)

GROUP 'C'

789-

bLyke ds mn; ds iwoZ vjc&okfl;ksa ds lkekftd] jktuSfrd] vkÆFkd ,oa /kkÆed thou ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on social, political, economic and religions life of Arabs before dawn of Islam.

mEe¸;nksa ds v/khu vjc lkezkT; ds foLrkj rFkk vjcksa ds lkekftd ,oa vkÆFkd thou dh foospuk dhft, A

Analyze expansion of Arab empire and social & economic life of Arabs under Ummayyads.

/keZ&;q) ds dkj.kksa] Lo:i ,oa egÙo dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine causes, nature and importance of Crusades. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) bLyke /keZ ds izeq[k mins'k (Main teachings of Islam) (b) f[kykQr dh mRifÙk ,oa fodkl (Origin and development of Caliphate) (c) vjc&lkfgR; (Arab-literature) (c) vjc&foKku (Arab-Science)

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­IX (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­I

Full Marks : 70

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

123-

cycu ds thou pfj= ,oa miyfC/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe life and achievements of Balban.

vykmíhu f[kyth ds lSfud lq/kkjksa ,oa cktkj fu;a=.k uhfr;ksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine military reforms and market control policies of Alauddin Khilji.

eqgEen fcu rqxyd }kjk izkjEHk fd;s x;s fofHkUu vkfo"dkjh dk;ZØeksa dh leh{kk dhft, vkSj crkb;s fd og muesa vlQy D;ksa jgk \

Examine various innovative programmes launched by Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq and analyze why did he fail in his efforts.

45-

lYrur dky esa Hkkjr ij eaxksy vkØe.kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe Mongol invasions of India during Sultanate period.

cgeuh jkT; dh LFkkiuk mn; ,oa mlds izkfEHkd 'kkldksa dh lSU; miyfC/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, rFkk egewn xok¡ ds lq/kkjksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Describe establishment, origin and military achievements of early rulers of Bahmani Kingdom and discuss reforms of Mahmud Gawan.

6-

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) jft;k&csxe (Raziya Begum) (b) fQjkst'kkg rqxyd dh /kkÆed uhfr (Religious policy of Ferozshah Tughlaq) (c) fnYyh lYrur ds iru ds dkj.k (Causes of the downfall of Delhi Sultanate) (d) Ñ".knso jk; dh miyfC/k;k¡ (Achievements of Krishna-deo Rai)

789-

lYrur dkyhu iz'kklfud O;oLFkk dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine administrative arrangements during Sultanate period.

GROUP 'B'

rqdZ&vQxku dky esa foKku rFkk rduhdh f'k{kk ds fodkl ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on development of science and technical education during Turko-Afghan period.

lwQhokn dh mRifÙk] izeq[k fl)kUrksa rFkk Hkkjrh; lekt ij blds izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine origin and main teachings of Sufism and its effects of Indian society. Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) lYrur dky esa fgUnw lekt esa fL=;ksa dh fLFkfr (Condition of women in Hindu society during Sultanate period) (b) fl[k /keZ dh LFkkiuk ,oa izlkj (Origin and spread of Sikhism) (c) lYrur dky esa fgUnw rFkk bLykeh LFkkiR;&dyk dk leUo; (Integration of Hindu and Islamic architecture during Sultanate period) (d) lYrur dky esa fons'kh O;kikj (Foreign trade during Sultanate period)

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­IX (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­II

Full Marks : 70

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

12345-

dqrqcqíhu ,scd ds thou&pfj= ,oa miyfC/k;ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss life and achievements of Qutub-ud-din Aibak.

vykmíhu f[kyth ds fot;&vfHk;kuksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine military campaigns of Alla-ud-din Khalji.

x;klqíhu rqxyd dh x`g ,oa oSnsf'kd uhfr;ksa dk vkdyu dhft, A

Evaluate domestic and foreign policies of Gya-sud-din Tughlaq.

fnYyh lYrur ds iru ds dkj.kksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine causes of the fall of the Delhi Sultanate.

cgeuh jkT; dh LFkkiuk mn; ,oa mlds izkfEHkd 'kkldksa dh lSU; miyfC/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, rFkk egewn xok¡ ds lq/kkjksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Describe establishment, origin and military achievements of early rulers of Bahmani Kingdom and discuss reforms of Mahmud Gawan.

6-

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) jft;k&csxe (Raziya Begum) (b) cycu dk jktRo fl)kUr (Balban's theory of Kingship) (c) rSewjyax dk Hkkjr ij vkØe.k (Taimur Lung's invasion of India) (d) Ñ".knso jk; dh miyfC/k;k¡ (Achievements of Krishna-deo Rai)

GROUP 'B'

789-

lYrur dkyhu iz'kklfud O;oLFkk ij ,d fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a note on administrative arrangements during Sultanate period.

rqdZ&vQxku dky esa fgUnh lkfgR; ds fodkl ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on development of Hindi literature during Turko-Afghan period.

lwQhokn dh mRifÙk] izeq[k fl)kUrksa rFkk Hkkjrh; lekt ij blds izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine origin, main teachings and effects of Sufism on Indian society.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) lYrur dky esa fgUnw lekt esa fL=;ksa dh fLFkfr (Condition of women in Hindu society during Sultanate period) (b) lYrur dky esa Ñ".k HkfDr ds lUr (Saints of Krishna Cult during Sultanate period) (c) lYrur dky esa fgUnw rFkk bLykeh LFkkiR;&dyk dk leUo; (Integration of Hindu and Islamic architecture during Sultanate period) (d) lYrur dky esa m|ksxksa dh fLFkfr (Condition of industries during Sultanate period)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­IX (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­III

Full Marks : 70

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

123456-

jft;k lqYrkuk ds thou&pfj= rFkk miyfC/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe life and achievements of Razia Sultana.

vykmíhu f[kyth ds lSfud lq/kkjksa ,oa cktkj fu;a=.k uhfr;ksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine military reforms and market control policies of Alla-ud-din Khalji.

eqgEen fcu rqxyd dh nf{k.k uhfr dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine Deccan policy of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq.

lYrur dky esa Hkkjr ij eaxksy vkØe.kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe Mongol invasions of India during Sultanate period.

cgeuh jkT; ds mRd"kZ ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on rise of Bahmani Kingdom.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) cycu dh miyfC/k;k¡ (Achievements of Balban) (b) fQjkst'kkg rqxyd dh /kkÆed uhfr (Religions policy of Feroz Shah Tughlaq) (c) rSewjyax dk Hkkjr ij vkØe.k (Taimur Lung's invasion of India) (d) fot; uxj jkT; dk 'kklu&izcU/ku (Administration of Vijaya Nagar Kingdom)

GROUP 'B'

789-

rqdZ&vQxku dkyhu lkekftd thou ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on social condition during Turko-Afghan period.

lYrur dkyhu foKku ,oa rduhdh f'k{kk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe science and technical education during Sultanate period.

lwQhokn dh mRifÙk] izeq[k fl)kUrksa rFkk Hkkjrh; lekt ij blds izHkkoksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Assess origin, main teachings and effects of Sufism on Indian society.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) lYrur dky esa fgUnw lekt esa fL=;ksa dh fLFkfr (Condition of women in Hindu society during Sultanate period) (b) fl[k /keZ dh mRifÙk ,oa izlkj (Origin and Spread of Sikhism) (c) lYrur dky esa fgUnh lkfgR; dk fodkl (Growth of Hindi literature during Sultanate period) (d) lYrur dky esa fgUnw rFkk bLykeh LFkkiR;&dyk dk leUo; (Integration of Hindu and Muslim architecture during Sultanate period)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­X (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India­Mughal Period) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­I

Full Marks : 70

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A de lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

123456-

ckcj ds vkØe.k ds le; Hkkjr dh jktuhfrd fLFkfr dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the political conditions of India on the eve of Babur's invasion.

,d lkezkT; fuekZrk ds :i esa 'ksj'kkg dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Make an assessment of Sher Shah as an empire builder.

vdcj dh /kkÆed uhfr dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine the Religious Policy of Akbar.

'kkgtgk¡ dh nf{k.k uhfr dh foospuk dhft, A

Analyze the Deccan Policy of Shah Jahan.

eqxy&fl[k lEcU/kksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on the Mughal-Sikh relations.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nkss ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %& nk

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) eulcnkjh izFkk (Mansabdari System) (b) ikuhir dh nwljh yM+kbZ (Second Battle of Panipat) (c) vkSjaxtsc dh mÙkjh&if'peh lhekUr uhfr (North-Western frontier policy of Aurangzeb) (d) eqxy&lkezkT; ds iru ds dkj.k (Causes of the downfall of Mughal Empire)

GROUP 'B'

789-

eqxydkyhu lkekftd voLFkk ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the social condition during Mughal period.

eqxydkyhu LFkkiR; dyk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe architecture during the Mughal period.

eqxydkyhu vkÆFkd fLFkfr dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine economic condition during the Mughal period.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) eqxydkyhu jktLo iz'kklu (Revenue administration during Mughal period) (b) eqxydkyhu dsUæh; iz'kklu (Central administration during Mughal period) (c) eqxydkyhu ukjh&f'k{kk (Women education during Mughal period) (d) eqxydkyhu fp=&dyk (Mughal painting)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­X (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India­Mughal Period) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­II

Full Marks : 70

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A lHkh

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

123456-

gqek;w¡ ,oa vQxkuksa ds chp gq;s la?k"kks± dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe fights between Humayun and Afghans.

'ksj'kkg ds 'kklu&izcU/k ,oa HkwjktLo O;oLFkk dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine administration and land-revenue administration of Sher Shah.

vdcj dh jktiwr uhfr dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss Rajput policy of Akbar.

tgk¡xhj ds thou dky esa gq;s fofHkUu foæksgksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe different revolts that took place during Jehangir's time.

vkSjaxtsc dh nf{k.k uhfr ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine causes and consequences of the Deccan policy of Aurangazeb.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) ikuhir dh igyh yM+kbZ (First battle of Panipat) (b) cSje [kk¡ (Bairam Khan) (c) eulcnkjh izFkk (Mansabdari System) (d) eqxy lkezkT; ds iru ds dkj.k (Caused of the downfall of Mughal Empire)

GROUP 'B'

789-

eqxydkyhu lkekftd n'kk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the social condition during the Mughal period.

eqxydkyhu f'k{kk&O;oLFkk dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine educational system during the Mughal period.

eqxydkyhu m|ksxksa ij ,d fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a note on industries during the Mughal period.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) eqxydkyhu U;k;&O;oLFkk (Judicial system during the Mughal period) (b) eqxydkyhu LFkkiR;&dyk (Architechture during the Mughal period) (c) eqxydkyhu fons'kh O;kikj (Foreign trade during the Mughal period) (d) eqxydkyhu fp=&dyk (Mughal painting)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­X (Political and Socio-Economic History of Medieval India­Mughal Period) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­III

Full Marks : 70

izR;sd xzqi ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq;s] dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

GROUP 'A'

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions in all, selecting atleast two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

12345-

ckcj dh Hkkjr fot; dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe Babur's conquests of India.

,d lkezkT; fuekZrk ds :i esa 'ksj'kkg dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Make an assessment of Sher Shah as an empire builder.

vdcj dh jktiwr uhfr dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine Rajput policy of Akbar.

dyk ds laj{kd ds :i esa vdcj dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Make an assessment of Akbar as a patron of the Art.

vkSjaxtsc dh /kkÆed uhfr eqxy lkezkT; ds iru ds fy, dgk¡ rd ftEesnkj Fkh \ leh{kk dhft, A

How far Aurangazeb's religious policy was responsible for fall of Mughal empire ? Examine.

6-

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) 'ksj'kkg dh Hkw&jktLo O;oLFkk (Sher Shah's Land-revenue policy) (b) vdcj dk /keZ (Akbar's religion) (c) 'kkgtgk¡ dh e/;&,f'k;kbZ uhfr (Central Asian policy of Shah Jehan) (d) eqxy&fl[k lEcU/k (Mughal-Sikh relationship)

GROUP 'B'

789-

eqxydkyhu lSU; laxBu ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on military organization during the Mughal period.

eqxydkyhu lkekftd n'kk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe social conditions during the Mughal period.

eqxydkyhu LFkkiR;&dyk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe architecture during the Mughal period.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) eqxyksa ds v/khu dsUæh; iz'kklu (Central administration under Mughals) (b) eqxydkyhu ukjh&f'k{kk (Women education during the Mughal period) (c) eqxydkyhu m|ksx (Industries during the Mughal period) (d) eqxydkyhu fp=&dyk (Mughal painting)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XI (Political History of Modern India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123-

18oha lnh esa Hkkjr dh jktuhfrd fLFkfr dk foospu dhft, A

Analyze political condition of India in 18th century.

f'kokth ds thou pfj= rFkk mudh miyfC/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the career and achievements of Shivaji.

dukZVd ;q)ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A lkFk gh] Ýkalhfl;ksa ds iru ds dkj.kksa dh leh{kk Hkh dhft, A

Describe Carnatic wars. Also analyze causes of the fall of the French.

456789-

Iyklh ;q) ds dkj.kksa rFkk ifj.kkeksa dk foospu dhft, A

Analyze causes and effects of the Battle of Plassey.

ykMZ dkuZokfyl ds lq/kkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe reforms of Lord Cornwallis.

Vhiw lqYrku dk ijh{k.k ,d fotsrk rFkk dq'ky&iz'kkld ds :i esa dhft, A

Examine Tipu Sultan as a conqueror and an able administrator.

ykMZ MygkSth ds O;ixr vFkkZr~ xksn&fu"ks/k fl)kUr dk lekykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine critically Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse or Policy of Escheat.

vkaXy&vQxku lEcU/kksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine Anglo-Afghan relations.

fczfV'k jkt ds vUrxZr flfoy lsokvksa ds laxBu ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on organization of Civil Services under British rule.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) ejkBksa ds mn; ds dkj.k (Causes of the rise of the Marathas) (b) caxky esa }S/k 'kklu (Dual system of administration in Bengal) (c) jathr Çlg (Ranjit Singh) (d) vkfnokfl;ksa ds foæksg (Adivasi Revolt)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XI (Political History of Modern India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123456789-

ejkBksa ds mn; ds dkj.kksa dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, A

Analyze causes of the rise of the Marathas.

Hkkjr esa izkjfEHkd ;wjksih; mifuos'kksa dh LFkkiuk ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the early European settlements in India.

nf{k.k Hkkjr esa vkaXy&Ýkalhlh izfr}af}rk dk foospu dhft, A

Analyze Anglo-French rivalry in South India.

cDlj ;q) ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss causes and effects of the Battle of Buxer.

caxky esa }S/k 'kklu izcU/k ds [kkfe;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the demerits of dual system of administration in Bengal.

okjsu&gsÇLVXl ds lq/kkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe reforms of Warren Hastings.

gSnj vyh ds thou&pfj= rFkk mldh fot;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the career and conquests of Hyder Ali.

ykMZ MygkSth ds O;[email protected]&fu"ks/k fl)kUr dk lekykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine critically Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse / Escheat Policy.

fczfV'k jkT; ds vUrxZr U;k;&iz'kklu dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss Judicial Administration under British Raj.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) is'kok ckthjko dh miyfC/k;k¡ (Achievements of Peshawa Baji Rao) (b) vkaXy&vo/k lEcU/k (Anglo-Qudh relations) (c) jathr Çlg (Ranjit Singh) (d) 1857 dk foæksg (Revolt of 1857)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XI (Political History of Modern India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­III

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'ukssa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A uk

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123456789-

f'kokth ds thou&pfj= rFkk mudh miyfC/k;ksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the career and achievements of Shivaji.

Hkkjr esa izkjfEHkd ;wjksih; mifuos'kksa dh LFkkiuk ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the early European settlements in India.

dukZVd ;q)ksa dk o.kZu dhft, vkSj crkb;s fd Ýkalhfl;ksa dks lQyrk D;ksa ugha feyh \

Describe Carnatic wars and explain why the French could not succeed ?

Iyklh ;q) ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dk foospu dhft, A

Analyze causes and effects of the Battle of Plassey.

ykMZ osystyh ds lgk;d&laf/k dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain subsidiary Alliance of Lord Wellesely.

ykMZ gsÇLVXl dh miyfC/k;ksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Form an estimate of achievements of Lord Hastings.

Vhiw lqYrku dh leh{kk ,d fotsrk rFkk dq'ky iz'kkld ds :i esa dhft, A

Examine Tipu Sultan as a conqueror and an able administrator.

ykMZ MygkSth ds O;[email protected]&fu"ks/k fl)kUr dk lekykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine critically Lord Dalhousie's Doctrine of Lapse / Escheat Policy.

1857 ds foæksg ds dkj.kksa dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, A

Analyze the causes of the Revolt of 1857.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) is'kok ckthjko dh miyfC/k;k¡ (Achievements of Peshawa Baji Rao) (b) caxky esa }Sr 'kklu (Dual System of administration in Bengal) (c) vkaXy&fl[k lEcU/k (Anglo-Sikh relations) (d) ejkBksa ds iru ds dkj.k (Causes of the downfall of the Marathas)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XII (Socio-Economic and Cultural History of Modern India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­I

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

19oha 'krkCnh esa Hkkjr esa ik'pkR; f'k{kk rFkk vk/kqfud fopkjksa ds izos'k ij ,d ys[k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on introduction of Western education and modern ideas in India in 19th Century.

2-

Hkkjr esa 19oha 'krkCnh esa lkekftd ,oa /kkfeZd vkUnksyuksa ds mn; ds D;k dkj.k Fks vkSj budk D;k izHkko Hkkjrh; lekt ij iM+k \

What were the causes of the rise of Socio-religions Reforms Movements in India in 19th Century and what impact did these movements produce on Indian Society ?

3456-

19oha 'krkCnh esa Hkkjr esa eqfLye leqnk; esa lq/kkj vkUnksyuksa ij ,d ys[k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on reforms movements in Muslim Society in 19th Century in India.

Hkkjr esa bZlkbZ /keZ ds izpkj esa bZlkbZ fe'kufj;ksa dh Hkwfedk ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on role of Christian missionaries in spread of Christianity in India.

vk/kqfud Hkkjr esa fgUnw fL=;ksa dh fLFkfr esa lq/kkj ds fy;s fd;s x;s iz;klksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss measures undertaken to improve the status of Hindu women in Modern India.

Hkkjr esa fuEutkrh; vkUnksyu ds dkj.kksa dh leh{kk dhft, vkSj crkbZ;s fd Lokeh foosdkuUn us nfyrksa ds mRFkku esa D;k Hkwfedk fuHkkbZ A

Examine causes of lower castes movement in India and explain the role of Swami Vivekananda in upliftment of Dalits.

78-

18oha 'krkCnh ds iwokZ) esa Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd n'kk dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, A

Analyse economic condition of India in the first half on 18th Century

jS¸;rokM+h rFkk egyokM+h Hkwfe O;oLFkk ds xq.k ,oa nks"kksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the merits and the demerits of Ryotwari and Mahlwari system of revenue managemet.

9-

Hkkjr esa 19oha lnh ds vdky ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Analyse causes and effects of the famine of 19th Century in India.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) jktk jke eksgu jk; ,oa czã lekt (Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj) (b) jke Ñ".k fe'ku (Ram Kirishna MIssion) (c) eqfLye lekt ds fodkl esa lj lS¸;n vgen [kk¡ dh Hkwfedk (Role of Sir Syed Ahmad Khan in development of Muslim Society) (d) T;ksfrck Qwys (Jyotiba Phule)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XII (Socio-Economic and Cultural History of Modern India) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­II

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

19oha 'krkCnh esa Hkkjr esa ik'pkR; f'k{kk rFkk vk/kqfud fopkjksa ds izos'k ij ,d ys[k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on introduction of Western education and modern ideas in India in 19th Century.

2-

Lokeh n;kuUn ljLorh ,oa vk;Z lekt ds dk;ksZa ,oa miyfC/;ksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Make an assessment of the works and achievements of Swami Dayanand Saraswati and Arya Samaj.

3-

Hkkjr esa vk/kqfud f'k{kk] Hkk"kk ,oa lkfgR; ds fodkl esa bZlkbZ fe'kufj;ksa ds ;ksxnkuksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine contributions of the Christian missionaries in development of modern education, language and literature in India.

4-

Hkkjr esa fuEutkrh; vkUnksyu ds dkj.kksa dks js[kk¡fdr dhft, rFkk nfyrksa ds mRFkku esa czã lekt dh Hkwfedk dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Delineate causes of lower castes movement in India and explain role of Brahma Samaj in upliftment of Dalits.

56789-

19oha 'krkCnh esa eqfLye leqnk; esa izLQfVr lq/kkj vkUnksyuksa dh Hkwfedk dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine role of reforms movements erupting in Muslim Society in 19th Century.

19oha 'krkCnh ds lkekftd ,oa /kkfeZd lq/kkj vkUnksyuksa ds izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine the effects of Social and religious reforms movements of 19th Century.

18oha 'krkCnh ds iwokZ) esa Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd n'kk dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, A

Analyse economic condition of India in the first half of 18th Century.

LFkk;h cUnkscLr ds xq.k ,oa nks"kksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine merits and demerits of Permanent settlement.

Hkkjrh; vFkZ&O;oLFkk ij izFke fo'o ;q) ds izHkkoksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the effects of the First World War on economy on India.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) bZLV bf.M;k dEiuh dh lkekftd uhfr (Social Policy of East India Company) (b) isfj;kj jkekLokeh (Periyar Ramaswami) (c) Hkkjr dh eqnzk O;oLFkk dk ykMZ dkuZokfyl }kjk lq/kkj (Reform of currency system of India by Lord Cornwallis ) (d) 19oha lnh dk vdky (Famine of 19th Century)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XII (Socio-Economic and Cultural History of Modern India) Annual Examination, 2009 SET­III

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

^^ik'pkR; f'k{kk ,oa vk/kqfud fopkjksa us Hkkjr dks ,d ubZ fn'kk iznku fd;kA** leh{kk dhft;sA

"western education and modern ideas provided a new direction to India." Examine.

Hkkjr esa 19oha 'krkCnh esa lkekftd ,oa /kkfeZd vkUnksyuksa ds mn; ds D;k dkj.k Fks vkSj budk Hkkjrh; lekt ij D;k izHkko iM+k \ leh{kk dhft, A

What were the causes of rise of Socio-religious Reforms movements in India in 19th Century and what did these movements produce on Indian Society ?

3456-

jktk jkeeksgu jk; ,oa czã lekt ds dk;ks± ,oa miyfC/k;ksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Make an assessment of works and achievements of Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj.

19oha 'krkCnh esa Hkkjr esa eqfLye leqnk; esa lq/kkj vkUnksyuksa ij ,d ys[k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on reforms movements in Muslim Society in 19th Century in India.

vk/kqfud Hkkjr esa fgUnw fL=;ksa dh fLFkfr esa lq/kkj ds fy;s fd;s x;s iz;klksa dk o.kZu dhft;s A

Discuss measures undertaken to improve the status of Hindu women in Modern India.

nf{k.k Hkkjr esa nfyr vkUnksu dks laxfBr djus esa isfj;kj jkek Lokeh ds ;ksxnkukas dk o.kZu dhft;s A

Discuss contributions of Periyar Rama Swami in organising Dalit Movements in South India.

78-

18oha 'krkCnh ds iwokZ) eas Hkkjr dh vkfFkZd n'kk dk fo'ys"k.k dhft;s A

analyse economic conditions of India in the first half of 18th Century.

jS¸;rokM+h rFkk egyokM+h Hkwfe&O;oLFkk ds xq.k ,oa nks"kksa dk ijh{k.k dhft;s A

Examine merits and de-merits of Ryotwari and Mahalwari systems of Revenuemanagement.

9-

Hkkjrh; vFkZ&O;oLFkk ij f}rh; fo'o;q) ds izHkkoksa dk ijh{k.k dhft;s A

Examine the effects of the Second World War on Indian economy.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) vk/kqfud f'k{kk] Hkk"kk ,oa lkfgR; ds fodkl esa bZlkbZ fe'kufj;ksa dk ;ksxnku (Contributions of Christian Missionaries in development of modern education, language and literature) (b) Lokeh n;kuUn ljLorh ,oa vk;Z lekt (Swami Dayanand Saraswati and Arya Samaj) (c) Hkkjr esa jk"Vªh; ,drk dks fodflr djus esa jsyos dk ;ksxnku (Contribution of Railways in national integration of India) (d) 19oha 'knh dk vdky (Famine of 19th Century)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XIII (Indian National Movement) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123-

Hkkjrh; jk"Vªokn ds mn; ds dkj.kksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine causes of the rise of Indian Nationalism.

Lons'kh vkUnksyu ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bl vkUnksyu ds ifj.kkeksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

What do you understand by "Swadeshi Movement" ? Discuss effects of this movement.

Økafrdkjh vkUnksyu ds mn; ds dkj.kksa] mís'; ,oa egÙo ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on causes of the rise of Revolutionary Movement, its objectives and significance.

4-

mu ifjfLFkfr;ksa dh ppkZ dhft, ftuds dkj.k eqfLye yhx dh LFkkiuk gqbZ A ;g Hkh crk;sa fd eqfLye yhx Hkkjr foHkktu ds fy, dgk¡ rd mÙkjnk;h Fkh \

Mention the circumstances which led to formation of the Muslim League. Also mention to what extent Muslim League was responsible for partition of India.

5-

fgUnw egklHkk dk tUe fdu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa gqvk \ mlds vkn'kZ ,oa dk;ZØeksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Under what circumstances was born Hindu Mahasabha ? Throw light on its ideals and programmes.

6789-

vlg;ksx vkUnksyu ds dkj.k] Lo:i ,oa egÙo dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss causes, nature and importance of Non-cooperation movement.

Hkkjrh; LorU=rk vkUnksyu esa okeiaFkh nyksa dh Hkwfedk dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine role of Left Wing parties in the freedom movement of India.

Hkkjrh; la?k esa ns'kh fj;klrksa ds foy; ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on merger of the Princely States in Indian Union.

Hkk"kk;h vk/kkj ij jkT;ksa ds iquxZBu ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on reorganization of States of India on linguistic lines.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) gkse :y vkUnksyu (Home Rule Movement) (b) caxky foHkktu (Partition of Bengal) (c) Hkkjr NksM+ks vkUnksyu (Quit India Movement) (d) d'ehj leL;k (Kashmir Problem)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XIII (Indian National Movement) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh; dk¡xszl dh LFkkiuk rFkk bldh LFkkiuk ls lEcfU/kr fl)kUrksa dk mYys[k dhft;s A

Discuss establishment of the Indian National Congress and theories regarding its establishment.

2-

mnkjoknh vkUnksyu ds mn; ds dkj.kksa] fl)kUrksa] dk;ZØeksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine the causes of the rise of moderates, their principles, programmes and impact of the moderate politics.

345-

Hkkjr esa Lons'kh vkUnksyu ds dkj.kksa] Lo:i ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh foospuk dhft;s A

Discuss the causes, nature and impact of Swadeshi Movement in India.

fryd }kjk pyk;s x;s gkse:y vkUnksyu ij ,d ys[k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on Home-rule movement launched by Tilak.

mu ifjfLFkfr;ksa dh ppkZ dhft;s ftuds dkj.k eqfLye yhx dh LFkkiuk gqbZ A ;g Hkh Li"V dhft;s fd Hkkjr foHkktu ds fy;s eqfLye yhx dgk¡ rd mÙkjnk;h Fkh A

Mention the circumstances which led to formation of the Muslim League. Also explain to what extent Muslim League was responsible for partition of India.

6789-

Hkkjr NksM+ks vkUnksyu ds dkj.k ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh ppkZ dhft;s A

Discuss causes and effects of 'Quit India' Movement.

f[kykQr vkUnksyu ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on Khilafat Movement.

Hkkjrh; LoraU=rk vkUnksyu esa okeiaFkh nyksa dh Hkwfedk dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine role of the Left Wing Parties in freedom movement of India.

Hkkjrh; ns'kh fj;klrksa dh jk"Vªh; vkUnksyu esa Hkwfedk Li"V dhft;s A

Explain the role of Indian princely states in National Movement.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) vlg;ksx vkUnksyu (Non-Coopration Movement) (b) ØkfUrdkjh vkUnksyu dh vlQyrk (Failure of Revolutionary movement) (c) dsfcusV fe'ku ;kstuk (Cabinet Mission Plan) (d) d'ehj leL;k (Kashmir Problem)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XIII (Indian National Movement) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­III

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123-

Hkkjrh; jk"Vªokn ds mn; ds dkj.kksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine causes of the rise of Indian Nationalism.

Hkkjr esa Lons'kh vkUnksyu ds dkj.kksa] Lo:i ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine the causes, nature and impact of the Swadeshi Movement.

Hkkjr esa Økafrdkjh vkUnksyu ds mn; ds dkj.kksa] mís'; ,oa egRo ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on causes of rise of Revolutionary Movement in India, its objectives and significance.

4-

Jherh ,uh cslsUV ds usr`Ro esa pyk;s x;s gkse:y yhx vkUnksyu ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on Home rule movement launched under the leadership of Smt. Annie Besant.

5-

fgUnw egklHkk dk tUe fdu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa gqvk \ mlds vkn'kZ ,oa dk;ZØeksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Under what circumstances was born Hindu Maha-sabha ? Examine its ideals and programmes.

6789-

vlg;ksx vkUnksyu ds dkj.k] Li:i ,oa egRo ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on causes, nature and importance of the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Hkkjrh; Lora=rk vkUnksyu esa okeiaFkh nyksa dh Hkwfedk dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine role Left-Wing Parties in freedom movement of India.

Hkkjr foHkktu ds izeq[k dkj.kksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine the main causes of partition of India.

Hkk"kk;h vk/kkj ij jkT;ksa ds iquxZBu ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on re-organization of States of India on linguistic lines.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) f[kykQr vkUnksyu (Khilafat Movement) (b) Hkkjr NksM+ks vkUnksyu (Quit India Movement) (c) ekmUVcsVu ;kstuk (Mountbatten Plan) (d) d'ehj leL;k (Kashmir Problem)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XIV (History of Europe) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A fdUgha

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123456789-

^^;wjkih; iqutkZxj.k ls vk/kqfud ;qx dh 'kq:vkr gksrh gS A** ijh{k.k dhft, A

"European renaissance marks the beginning of modern age." Examine.

;wjksi esa /keZ lq/kkj vkUnksyu ds dkj.kksa ,oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine the causes and effects of Reformation Movement in Europe.

rhl o"khZ; ;q) ds dkj.kksa] izxfr rFkk ifj.kkeksa ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on the causes, progress and effects of Thirty Year's War.

15oha&16oha 'krkCnh esa Lisu ds vkSifuosf'kd foLrkj ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on colonial expansion of Spain in 15th ­16th Centuries.

yqbZ 14ok¡ dh fons'k uhfr dk ewY;kadu dhft;s A

Make an assessment of foreign policy of Louis XIV.

dSFkjhu f}rh; dh x`guhfr ,oa fons'k uhfr ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on domestic and foreign polices of Catherine II.

Ý¡klhlh Økafr ds egRo rFkk ifj.kkeksa dh O;k[;k dhft;s A

Analyse importance and effects of the French Revolution.

egk}hih; O;oLFkk ij ,d ys[k fyf[k;s rFkk blds ifj.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Write an essay on continental system and examine its effects.

usiksfy;u cksukikVZ ds iru ds dkj.kksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine causes of the downfall of Napoleon Bonaporte.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) ekfVZu ywFkj (Martin Luther) (b) ihVj egku dh x`guhfr (Domestic Policy of Peter, the Great ) (c) okf.kT;okn (Mercantalism)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XIV (History of Europe) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

;wjksih; iqutkZxj.k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ iqutkZxj.k ds dkj.kksa dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft;s A

What do you understand by the European renaissance ? Critically examine the causes of renaissance.

23-

teZuh esa /keZ&lq/kkj vkUnksyu esa ekfVZu ywFkj dh Hkwfedk Li"V dhft;s A

Explain the role of Martin Luther in religious reforms movement in Germany.

;wjksi esa izfr/keZ&lq/kkj vkUnksyu ds vo;oksa] ifj.kkeksa ,oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine features, consequences and effects of counter religious reforms movement in Europe.

456789-

osLVQsfy;k dh laf/k ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on the Treaty of Westphalia.

15oha&16oha 'krkCnh esa iqrZxkky ds vkSifuosf'kd foLrkj dh foospuk dhft;s A

Analyse colonial expansion of Portugal in 15th -16th Centuries.

yqbZ 14ok¡ dh fons'k uhfr dk ewY;kadu dhft;s A

Make an assessment of foreign policy of Louis XIV.

ihVj egku dh x`guhfr ,oa fons'k uhfr dk ijh{k.k dhft;s A

Examine domestic and foreign policies of Peter­the Great.

ÝsMfjd f}rh; egku dh x`g ,oa fons'k uhfr;ksa dk ewY;kadu dhft;s A

Evaluate domestic and foreign policies of Frederick-II­the Great

Ýk¡lhlh Økafrds egRo rFkk ifj.kkeksa dh O;k[;k dhft;s A

Analyse importance and effects of The French Revolution.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) fj'kyw (Richelieus) (b) iwohZ leL;k (Eastern Problem ) (c) Ý¡klhlh Økafr ds dkj.k (Causes of the French Revolution) (d) egk}hih; O;oLFkk (Continental System)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XIV (History of Europe) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­III

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123456789-

;wjksi esa iqutkZxj.k ds dkj.kksa ,oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine causes and effects of Renaissance in Europe.

Ý¡kl esa /keZ&lq/kkj vkUnksyu ij ,d laf{kIr fVIi.kh fyf[k;s A

Write a brief note on religious reformation movement in France.

rhl o"khZ; ;q) ds dkj.kksa] izxfr rFkk ifj.kkeksa ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on causes, progress and effects of Thirty Years War.

15oha&16oha 'krkCnh esa gkyS.M ds vkSifuosf'kd foLrkj ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on colonial expansion of Holland in 15th-16th centuries.

yqbZ 14os dh fons'k uhfr dk ewY;kadu dhft;s A

Make an assessment of foreign policy of Louis XIV.

ihVj egku dh x`g ,oa fons'k uhfr;ksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine domestic and foreign policies of Peter, the Great.

Ý¡klhlh Økafr ds egRo rFkk ifj.kkeksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Analyze importance and effects of the French Revolution.

egk}hih; O;oLFkk ds ifj.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine the effects of Continental System.

usiksfy;u cksukikVZ ds iru ds dkj.kksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

Give an account of the downfall of Napoleon Bonaparte.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) ekÆVu ywFkj (Martin Luther) (b) ÝsMfjd egku (Frederick, the Great) (c) okf.kT;okn (Mercantalism) (d) lkeqfæd 'kfDr ds :i esa baXyS.M dk mn; (Rise of England as a sea-power)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XV (Modern History of America, China and Japan) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

[k.M ^v* ,oa ^c* esa ls izR;sd ls nks iz'u ,oa [k.M ^l* ls ,d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs gq;s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft;s A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions in all, selecting Two questions each from section 'A' and 'B' and one question from section 'C' . All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

12vesjhdh LorU=rk laxzke ds dkj.kksa ,oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine causes and effects of the American War of Independence.

^^vejhdh jk"Vªh; tkx:drk ds izlkj esa equjks fl)kUr dk egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku gS A** leh{kk dhft;sA

"Monroe Doctrme played and important role in expansion of American national consciousness." Examine.

345-

izFke fo'o;q) esa la;qDr jkT; vesjhdk dh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft;s A

Discuss the role of United States of America in World War I

1929 bZOE dh vkfFkZd eanh ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine causes and effects of the economic depression of 1929.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) 1812&14 dk vkaXy&vejhdh ;q) (Anglo-American War of 1812-14) (b) nklRo iz'u (The Slavery Question.) (c) vesjhdh x`g&;q) ds dkj.k (Causes of the American Civil War) (d) mÙkj vVykafVd laf/k laxBu (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

^c* [k.M ^c* (Section 'B')

6789phu dh /kjrh ij fons'kh 'kfDr;ksa ds ^^izHkko{ks=** dh LFkkiuk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on establishment of 'area of influence' in Chinese mainland by the foreign powers.

phu esa ckDlj fonzksg ds dkj.kksa] Lo:i ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine causes, nature and effects of Boxer rebellion of China.

phuh jk"Vªokn ds mn; esa MkOE lu;kr lsu ds ;ksxnkuksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine contributions of Dr. Sanyat Sen in rise of Chinese nationalism.

ekvksRlsrqax ds thouo`Ùk ,oa miyfC/k;ksa dk ewY;kadu dhft;s A

Make an assessment of the career and achievement of Mao-t-se-tung.

^l* [k.M ^l* (Section 'C')

10- esbZth iquLFkkZiuk ,oa tkiku ds vk/kqfudhdj.k ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on Mei-ji restoration and modernization of Japan.

11- tkiku ,oa f}rh; fo'o;q) ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on Japan and Second World War.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XV (Modern History of America, China and Japan) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

[k.M ^v* ,oa ^c* esa ls izR;sd ls nks iz'u ,oa [k.M ^l* ls ,d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs gq;s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft;s A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions in all, selecting Two questions each from section 'A' and 'B' and one question from section 'C' . All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

12345vesjhdh Lora=rk laxzke ds fofHkUu pj.kksa dk foospu dhft;s A

Mention the various stages of American War of Independence.

^^vesjhdh jk"Vªh;rk ds izlkj esa equjks fl)kUr dk egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnku gS A** leh{kk dhft;s A

"Monroe Doctrme played an important role in spread of American nationalism." Examine.

1861&1865 ds vesjhdh x`g;q) ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh O;k[;k dhft;s A

Discuss causes and effects of American Civil War of 1861-65.

f}rh; fo'o;q) esa la;qDr jkT; vesfjdk dh Hkwfedk dk o.kZu dhft;s A

Describe the role played by United States of America in the World War II.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) 1812&14 dk vkaXy&vejhdh ;q) (Anglo-American War of 1812-14) (b) Lisu ds lkFk vesjhdh ;q) (American War with Spain) (c) 1929 bZOE dh vkfFkZd eanh (Economic depression of 1929) (d) 'khr ;q) vkSj 'kfDr'kkyh xqVksa dk mn; (Cold War and rise of power blocks)

^c* [k.M ^c* (Section 'B')

6789mUeqDr }kj&uhfr rFkk phu esa if'peh ns'kksa ds izos'k ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on Open Door Policy and entry of Western powers in China.

phuh&tkiku ;q) ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh foopsuk dhft;s A

Discuss causes and effects of China-Japanese War.

phu ds jk"Vªh; ,dhdj.k esa P;k¡x&dbZ &'ksd ds iz;klksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine the efforts of Chiang-Kai-Shek in effecting national integration of China.

phu esa lkE;okn dh lQyrk ds dkj.kksa dk fooj.k nhft;s A

Give an account of the causes of success of Communism in China.

^l* [k.M ^l* (Section 'C')

10- ^^esbZ&th iquLFkZkiu us tkiku esa vk/kqfudhdj.k dh uhao j[kh A** O;k[;k dhft;s A

"Meiji restoration laid the foundation of modernism in Japan." Explain.

11- eapwfj;k ladV ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on the causes and effects of Manchurian crisis.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XV (Modern History of America, China and Japan) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­III

Time : 3 Hours.

[k.M ^v* ,oa ^c* esa ls izR;sd ls nks iz'u ,oa [k.M ^l* ls ,d iz'u dk mÙkj nsrs gq;s dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft;s A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions in all, selecting Two questions each from section 'A' and 'B' and one question from section 'C' . All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

12345vesjhdh Lora=rk laxzke ds dkj.kksa ,oa izHkkoksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine causes and effects of the American War of Independence.

1890 ds n'kd esa vesjhdh lkezkT;okn ds foLrkj dk foospu dhft;s A

Discuss expansion of American imperialism in 1890's.

izFke fo'o;q) esa la;qDr jkT; vesjhdk dh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft;s A

Discuss the role of United States of America in World War I.

1929 dh vkfFkZd eanh ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine the causes and effects of the Economic depression of 1929.

fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) nklRo izFkk (Slavery System) (b) 1861&65 ds vesjhdh x`g&;q) ds dkj.k (Causes of the American Civil War of 1861-65) (c) ubZ vkÆFkd vk;kstuk (New Economic Planning) (d) mÙkj vVykafVd laf/k laxBu (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

^c* [k.M ^c* (Section 'B')

6789mUeqDr }kj&uhfr rFkk phu esa if'peha ns'kksa ds izos'k ij ,d ys[k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on Open Door Policy and Entry of western powers in China.

izFke vQhe ;q) ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k;s A

Write an essay on First Opium War.

phu&tkiku ;q) ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh foospuk dhft;s A

Discuss the causes and effects of China-Japanese War.

phuh jk"Vªokn ds mn; esa MkOE lu;kr lsu dh Hkwfedk dks Li"V dhft;s A

Expalin the role of Dr. Sanyat Sen in rise of Chinese Nationalism.

^l* [k.M ^l* (Section 'C')

10- esbZ&th iquLZFkkiuk ds ckn tkiku esa vk;s ifjorZuksa dk fo'ys"k.k dhft;s A

Analyse changes that were ushered in Japan after Mei-Ji restoration.

11- f}rh; fo'o ;q) ds ckn tkiku ,oa la;qDr jkT; vesjhdk ds lEcU/kksa ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on Japanese-U.S.A. relations after World War II.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XVI (Modern West) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh izz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A i

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

fo;uk dkaxzsl ds funsZ'kd fl)kUrksa] dk;ksZ rFkk ;wjksih; ns'kksa ij mlds izHkkoksa dk foospu dhft;s A

Analyse the guiding principles, works and effects of Vienna Congress on European Countries.

234567-

usiksfy;u r`rh; ds mRFkku rFkk mldh x`g ,oa fons'k uhfr;ksa ij izdk'k Mkfy;s A

Throw light on rise of Napoleon III and his domestic and foreign policies.

bVyh ds ,dhdj.k ds fofHkUu pj.kksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Analyse the different stages of unification of Italy.

fcLekdZ dh x`g rFkk vkfFkZd uhfr;ksa dks Li"V dhft;s A

Explain home and economic policies of Bismarck.

izFke fo'o;q) ds iwoZ dh ;wjksi dh jktuhfrd fLFkfr dk vkdyu dhft;s A

Evaluate political conditions of Europe on the eve of First World War.

^^1919 dh olkZ; laf/k ,d vf/kjksfir 'kkafr laf/k Fkh A** leh{kk dhft;s A

"Treaty of Versailles of 1919 was a Dictated Peace Treaty." Examine.

19oha lnh esa vkSifuos'khdj.k ds D;k dkj.k Fks \ cekZ esa fczfV'k vkSifuos'khdj.k ds foLrkj dh leh{kk dhft;s A

What were the causes of colonisation in the 19th century ? Examine expansion of British colonization in Burma.

89-

1917 dh :lh Økafr ds dkj.kksa ,oa izHkkoksa dk o.kZu dhft;s A

Describe the causes and effects of Russian Revolution of 1917.

eqlksfyuh ds mRd"kZ ,oa mldh miyfC/k;ksa dh ppkZ dhft;s A

Discuss the rise and achievements of Mussolini.

10- la;qDr jk"Vªla?k dh lQyrkvksa vkSj vlQyrkvksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine successes and failures of the United Nations Organisation.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XVI (Modern West) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

fo;uk dk¡xzsl ds funsZf'kd fl)kUrksa] dk;ksZ rFkk ;wjksih; ns'kksa ij mlds izHkkoksa dk foospu dhft;s A

Analyse the guiding principles, works and effects of Vienna Congress on European Countries.

23-

Øhfe;k ;q) ds dkj.kksa rFkk ;wjksih; ns'kksa ij mlds izHkkoksa dk o.kZu dhft;s A

Describe the causes of Crimean War and its effects on European countries.

teZuh ds ,dhdj.k essa D;k ck/kk;sa Fkh \ teZuh ds ,dhdj.k esa fcLekdZ dh Hkwfedk dk ewY;kadu dhft;s A

What were difficulties in unification of Germany ? Evaluate Bismarck's role in German Unification.

45-

izFke fo'o;q} ds dkj.kksa rFkk ifj.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine the causes and effects of the First World War.

1919 dh olkZ; laf/k ,d vf/kjksfir 'kkafr laf/k Fkh A D;k vki bl O;DrC; ls lger gSa \

Treaty of Versailles of 1919 was a Dictated Peace Treaty. Do you agree with this statement.

6-

vÝhdk ds }kj&Hksnu ds D;k dkj.k Fks \ fofHkUu ;wjksih; ns'kksa us bl egk}hi dk vius vki esa dSls cUnjck¡V fd;k \ Li"V dhft; A

What were the reasons for opening of Africa ? How did different European countries divide this continent among themselves ? Explain.

789-

19 'krkCnh esa fgUn&phu esa Ýk¡lhlh foLrkj dk o.kZu dhft;s A

Describe French expansion in Indo-China in the 19th Century.

1917 dh :lh Økafr ds dkj.kksa ,oa izHkkoksa dk o.kZu dhft;s A

Describe causes and effects of Russian Revolution of 1917.

teZuh esa fgVyj ds mRd"kZ ds D;k dkj.k Fks \ fgVyj dh vkUrfjd uhfr dh leh{kk dhft;s A

What were the causes responsible for rise of Hitler in Germany ? Examine internal policy of Hitler.

10- la;qDr jk"Vªla?k dh lQyrkvksa ,oa vlQyrkvksa dk mYys[k dhft;s A

Explain successes and failures of the United Nations Organisation.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {History}

Part­II, Paper­XVI (Modern West) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

SET­III

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

fo;uk dk¡xzsl ds funsZ'kd fl)kUrksa] dk;ksZ rFkk ;wjksih; ns'kksa ij mlds izHkkoksa dk foospu dhft;s A

Analyse the guiding principles, works and effects of Vienna Congress on European countries.

23456-

usiksfy;u r`rh; ds mRFkku rFkk mldh x`g ,oa fons'k uhfr;ksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine rise of Napoleon III and his domestic and foreign policies.

Øhfe;k ;q) ds dkj.kksa rFkk ;wjksih; ns'kksa ij blds izHkkoksa dk o.kZu dhft;s A

Describe the causes of Crimean War and its effects on European countries.

fcLekdZ dh fons'k&uhfr dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine the foreign policy f Bismarck.

1919 dh olkZ; dh laf/k ,d vf/kjksfir 'kkafr laf/k Fkh A eUrC; xfBr dhft;s A

Treaty of Versailles of 1919 was a Dictated Peace. Formulate comments.

19oha 'krkCnh esa vkSifuos'khdj.k ds D;k dkj.k Fks \ e/; ,f'k;k ,oa phu esa :lh foLrkj dh leh{kk dhft;s A

What were the causes of colonization in 19th century ? Examine expansion of Russia in Central Asia and China.

789-

1917 dh :lh Økafr ds dkj.kksa ,oa izHkkoksa dk o.kZu dhft;s A

Describe causes and effects of Russian Revolution of 1917.

eqlksfyuh ds mRd"kZ ,oa mldh miyfC/k;ksa dh ppkZ dhft;s A

Discuss the rise and achievements of Mussolini.

f}rh; fo'o;q) ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh leh{kk dhft;s A

Examine the causes and effects of World War II.

10- la;qDr jk"Vªla?k dh lQyrkvksa ,oa vlQyrkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft;s A

Examine the successes and failures of the United Nations.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

¼exgh lkfgR; dk bfrgkl½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­I

dkSuksa ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj n· A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

exgh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl&ys[ku esa mBy leL;k vkm lek/kku ij izdk'k Mky· A exgh lkfgR; ds dky&foHkktu vkm ukedj.k ij fopkj dj· A bZ dky&foHkktu vkm ukedj.k ij mBy leL;k ds lek/kku Hkh crko· A exgh lkfgR; ds vkjEHk dc ls ekuy tk; ds pkgha \ exgh ds ifgyk dfo dmu gFk vk dbls \ rdZiw.kZ mÙkj n· A dmu&dmu lar dfo;u esa exgh 'kCn fey· gs \ crko· A exgh lkfgR; ds fodkl dbls gksy gs] crko· A LFkkfir dky ds le; fu/kkZj.k djhr ,dj ukedj.k ds vkSfpR; ij izdk'k Mky· A LFkkfir dkyhu lkfgR; ds izeq[k izo`fÙk ds ifjp; n· A HkfDrdky ds i`"BHkwfe ij vIiu fopkj izdV dj· A HkfDrdky esa fuxqZ.k HkfDr&dkO; /kkjk ds fodkl ds mij fopkj O;Dr dj· A

10- ijorhZ dky ds i`"BHkwfe esa exgh lkfgR; esa fofo/k fo/kk ds visf{kr fodkl gksy gs] dbls \

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

¼exgh izcU/k dkO;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­II

dkSuksa ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj n· A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

dfork ds mís'; ij izdk'k Mky· A ^,dyO;* egkdkO; ds egkdkO;Ro ij ,xks lkjxÆHkr ys[k fy[k· A ^^,dyO; exgh ds ,xks lQy egkdkO; gs A** ,djk fl) dj· A ^,dyO;* ds HkfDr&Hkkouk ij ,xks cM+gu ys[k fy[k· A ^^xhfrdkO; ds Js"B mnkgj.k ^,dyO;* egkdkO; gs A** bZ dFku ds lkFkZdrk lksnkgj.k fl) dj· A ^lckflu* egkdkO; ds dkO;&lkS"Bo ij lkjxÆHkr ys[k fy[k· A ^ekfuuh 'kdqaryk* ds izcU/k&dkS'ky ij ,xks cM+gu ys[k fy[k· A ^rqylhnkl* [kaMdkO; ds lkFk&lkFk dfo ;ksxs'oj izlkn Çlg ^;ksxs'k* ds Hkh ifjp; n· A ^yksgkejn* egkdkO; ds jk"Vªh; psruk ij ,xks yegj ys[k fy[k· A

10- ^dqUrh* ds vk/kkj ij d.kZ&dqUrh ds ukjh fo"k;d fopkj izLrqr dj· A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

Part­I, Paper­III

¼exgh xhfrdkO;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

dkSuksa ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj n· A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

^ck¡fp ys eksj ifr;k* ds ex/k&xkFkk ij ,xks cM+gu ys[k fy[k· A ^ck¡fp ys eksj ifr;k* ds O;aX; dfork ij ,xks cM+gu ys[k fy[k· A ^xhr ds tqM+Nk¡g* esa foæksgh Loj ijoku p<+y gs A bZ dFku ds iqf"V dj· A ^xhr ds tqM+Nk¡g* esa izÑfr fo"k; ij ,xks cM+gu ys[k fy[k· A ^v¡xqjh ds nkx* ukedj.k ds lkFkZdrk ij fopkj dj· A ^iulks[kk* esa izÑfr&o.kZu ds LokHkkfodrk ij izdk'k Mky· A ^eksjgj ds ikj* dfork ds vk/kkj ij dfo ds tuoknh Hkkouk ds Li"V dj· A xhfrdkO; ds :i esa ^txjuk* ij ,xks cM+gu ys[k fy[k· A foæksgh rsoj ds dkO;&ladyu ds :i esa ^nqEHkh* ds leh{kk dj· A

10- ^exg ds Qwy* esa ekuorkokn ds mRÑ"V mnkgj.k Hkjy iM+y gs A bZ dFku ds lkFkZdrk fl) dj· A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

¼u;dh exgh dfork½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­IV

dkSuksa ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj n· A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

dfork ds mís'; ij izdk'k Mky· A dsljh dqekj ds exgh dfork ds laosnuk vkm f'kYi ij fopkj dj· A ^v/kjfr;k ds ck¡lqjh* ds dkO;&lkS"Bo ij izdk'k Mky· A Ñ".keksgu I;kjs dkO;&lkS"Bo ds izfr iw.kZr% lps"V gFk A bZ dFku ds lkFkZdrk ij izdk'k Mky· A ^fcNyb fdfjfu;k tky* esa miyC/k la;ksx J`axkj o.kZu ds lksnkgj.k ifjp; n· A ^vfj;k ij fFkjdS fdlku* dfork Hkkjrh; fdlku ds tu&thou ds d:.k dgkuh gs A bZ dFku ds lkFkZdrk fl) dj· A ^ftuxh ds xhr* dfork ds dsUæh; Hkko ij cM+gu ys[k fy[k· A xhfr dkO; ds n`f"V ls ^xksjh rksj yky Bksj* dkO;&laxzg ds leh{kk dj· A dfo eFkqjk izlkn uohu esa iz;ksx'khy Hkkouk Hkjy gs \ bZ dFku ds iqf"V dj· A

10- xhfrdkO; /kkjk esa vkpk;Z tkudh cYyHk 'kkL=h ds LFkku fu/kkZfjr dj· A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

¼exgh ds miU;kl lkfgR;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­V

dmuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj fy[k· A lc iz'u ds vad leku gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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miU;kl dyk ds n`f"V ls ^fclsljk* miU;kl ds leh{kk dj· A nfyr thou ds =klnh ds :i esa ^fclsljk* ds ik= ij ,xks cM+gu ys[k fy[k· A ^jejfr;k* miU;kl ds uk;d dmu gsA ,dj 'khy&fu:i.k dj· A miU;kl dyk ds vk/kkj ij ^jejfr;k* ds ewY;kadu dj· A ckcwyky e/kqdj ^jejfr;k* miU;kl esa jktuhfrd] lkekftd lUnHkZ ds leku :i ls fp=.k d;yu gs A bZ dFku ds lkFkZdrk fl) dj· A izse ds ifjHkkf"kr djhr ^jejfr;k* miU; kl ds izse&rRo ij fopkj dj· A ^vkneh vkSj nsvksrk* miU;kl ds ledkyhu izklafxdrk ij ,xks cM+gu ys[k fy[k· A ^vkneh vkSj nsvksrk* miU;kl ds miU;kldyk ds vk/kkj ij leh{kk dj· A fo".kq vkm flmth ds pfj=&fp=.k dj· A

10- ^ujd ljx /kjrh* miU;kl ds L=h ik= ukuh ds pfj=&fp=.k dj· A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

¼exgh ds ukV~;&lkfgR;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­VI

dmuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj fy[k· A lc iz'u ds vad leku gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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uk;d ds lEcU/k esa Hkkjrh; vkm ik'pkR; lkfgR; ds er ds mYys[k dj· A ^v¡pjok ds ykt* ukVd esa Å uk;dRo dgk¡ rd miyC/k gksc· gs \ ukVd dyk ds n`f"V ls ^v¡pjok ds ykt* ukVd ds leh{kk dj· A ^v¡pjok ds ykt* ukVd ds jk"Vªh;rk vkm nsl&izse ij ,xks cM+gu ys[k fy[k· A fljhfdlqu ds pfj= ij ijdkl Mky· A uqDdM+ ukVd ds egÙo vkmj izn'kZu ij izdk'k Mky· A 'kdqUryk ukVd ds vk/kkj ij xa/koZ fookg ds xq.k&nks"k ds leh{kk dj· A nq";Ur ds pfj= ij izdk'k Mky· A 'kdqUryk ukVd esa v¡xwBh izdj.k ds leh{kk dj· A ^izse vblus gkso· gs* ukVd ds vk/kkj ij izse ds :i ij izdk'k Mky· A

10- ^izse vblus gkso· gs* ukVd ds vk/kkj ij xzkeh.k lekt esa fookg ds loky ij izdk'k Mky· A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

¼exgh ds dgkuh lkfgR;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­VII

dmuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj fy[k· A lc iz'u ds vad leku gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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^dksuek vke* dgkuh ds dFkkoLrq la{ksi esa fy[k· A dgkuh dyk ds n`f"V ls ^xeyk esa xkN* dgkuh ds leh{kk dj· A ^lkyh ds cjrqgkjh* dgkuh ds dFkk&uk;d ds pfj=&fp=.k dj· A dgkuh ds lajpuk f'kYi ij fopkj djhr ^xaxkty* dgkuh ds leh{kk dj· A ^ixyk* dgkuh ds lkj fy[k· A ^rslj* dgkuh ds uk;d ^jfo* ds pfj=&fp=.k dj· A dgkuh&dyk ds n`f"V ls ^Bdeqjdh yx xsy* dgkuh ds leh{kk dj· A ^Nsdquh ds rhu nkx* dgkuh ds lkFk&lkFk ,dj dgkuhdkj ds Hkh ifjp; n· A ^dgkuh ds ukf;dk* ds mís'; vkm lansl dk gs A

10- ^leiknd* dgkuh esa ys[kd dmu lUnsl nsy pfgr gFk] fy[k· A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

izkphu ,oa e/;dkyhu exgh ds dkO; ¼fl) lkfgR; vkm HkfDr lkfgR;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­VIII

dmuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj fy[k· A lc iz'u ds vad leku gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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ljgikn ds thou&n'kZu ckn ds dfo;u ds izHkkfor d;yd gs] dbls A ijEijkxr lkfgR; Hkk"kk vkm yksd Hkk"kk ds leh{kkRed vUrj crko· A nksgk dks'k ds dkO;&lkSUn;Z ds o.kZu dj· A 84 fl)ksa esa d.gik ds LFkku fu:fir dj· A /kjenkl ds thouo`Ùk ij izdk'k Mky· A jkelusgh nkl vkm cnjh nkl ds rqyukRed leh{kk dj· A HkfDr ds mn~Hko vkm fodkl ij izdk'k Mky· A e/;dkyhu exgh yksd lkfgR; esa dmu HkfDr ds iz/kkurk jgy gs vkm vksdj dk dkj.k gs A deys'k th ds dkO;&lkSUn;Z ds leh{kk dj· A

10- gfjukFk th ds thou vkm mudj dkO; ds izsjd rÙo ij izdk'k Mky· A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

¼exgh ds fucU/k lkfgR;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­IX

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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^vkneh jksVh vkm ftuxh* fucU/k esa O;Dr ys[kd ds fopkj ds leh{kk dj· A i<+y fucU/k ds vk/kkj ij tho] bZ'oj vkm xq: ds lukru lEcU/k ij izdk'k Mky· A yfyr fucU/k f'kYi ds n`f"V ls ^dye* fucU/k ds ijh{k.k dj· A ^eatj* fucU/k ds lkjka'k fy[k· A ^exgh dkO; esa ukjh* 'kh"kZd fucU/k ds vk/kkj ij thou vkm lkfgR; esa ukjh ds egÙo cryko· A ifBr fucU/k ds vk/kkj ij okRlY; jl ds lkaxksikax foospu d: A exgh ds e/;dkyhu Lo:i ds foospuk d: A izksOE jkeukFk 'kekZ ds O;fDrRo vkm ÑfrRo ij izdk'k Mkyw A exgh ds fodklkRed n`f"V ls exgh ds izkphu Lo:i ds o.kZu d: A

10- ^exg ds lkaLÑfrd xfjek* fucU/k ds vk/kkj ij exg ds izkphu vkm orZeku lkaLÑfrd vkm /kkÆed xfjek ds foospuk d: A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

Part­II, Paper­X ¼exgh x| ds vU; fo/kk;sa½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nhm A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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js[kk fp= ds rÙon`f"V ls ^thod* js[kkfp= ds leh{kk d: A ^tSusanz th ds ikl % dqN ?kaVk&dqN feuV* ds lkj fy[kw A ^czãkaM ds jgL; [kkstbr foKku* i= lkfgR; ds ifjp; viu 'kCn esa fy[kw A ,dakdh dyk vkm jaxeap ds n`f"V ls ^mdVk iqjk.k* ds leh{kk d: A ^fpeksdu* ,dkadh esa O;Dr ukVddkj ds mís'; ij fopkj d: A laLej.k dyk ds n`f"V ls rkjds'oj Hkkjrh ds fy[ky ^fHk{kq txnh'k d';i* ds leh{kk d: A ^gEej HkkbZ* 'kh"kZd lajej.k ds leh{kk d: A ^peksdu* 'kCnfp= ds uk;d peksdu ds pfj= fp=.k d: A dgkuh dyk ds n`f"V ls ^gSfl;r* ds leh{kk d: A

10- laLej.k&dyk ds n`f"V ls ^ipiu uEcj okyk cFkZ* ds leh{kk dj · crkc· fd bZ laLej.k gs b;k yfyr fuca/k \

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

Part­II, Paper­XI ¼exgh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl ds vk/kqfud Lo:i½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nh mA lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj gsA

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

izkphu vkm vk/kqfud exgh lkfgR; esa dfork ds jpuk i)fr ds ppkZ dj· A exgh esa lcls ifgyk miU;kl dc Niy \ vksdj ys[kd ds uke vkm mudj nkslj&nkslj jpuk ds tkudkjh n· A chloha lnh esa exgh ukVd ds foLrkj vkm fodkl ds pjpk dj· A exgh dgkuh ds fodkl esa if=dk vkm jsfM;ks ds lg;ksx ds ppkZ dj· A exgh fuca/k ds izpkj&izlkj esa lg;ksxh ra= ds ckjs esa fy[k· A exgh esa vkykspuk ds dk fLFkfr gs \ ,dj vk/kkj dk gs \ exgh i=dkfjrk ds foLrkj&dFkk la{ksi esa fy[k· A exgh esa xhrukV~; ds ijEijk dc 'kq: Hksy \ bZ 'kq: gks, ds ctg dk gy \ ikB ds vk/kkj ij crkc· fd dgkmr vkm eqgkcjk ds vkts vksrus egkre dkgs gs tsruk ifgys gy A

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10- yksdxkFkk ds [kkfl;r ds ppkZ dj· A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

Part­II, Paper­XII ¼exgh ¼exgh Hkk"kk ds mn~Hko vkm fodkl½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj n· A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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Hkk"kk fodkl ds ckjsa esa lksnkgj.k viu fopkj izdV dj· A e/;dkyhu Hkkjrh; izkd`r Hkk"kk ds ifjp; foLrkjiwoZd n· A izkd`r ds lkFk viHkza'k ds egRo ij izdk'k Mky· A ekx/kh viHkaz'k ds mn~Hko vkm fodkl ij foLrkj ls izdk'k Mky· A fganh izns'k ds cksyh vkm fganh cksyh esa dk varj gs \ FkksMs+ eas ,djk ij izdk'k Mky ds fganh izns'k ds cksfy;u ij izdk'k Mky· A viHkaz'k ds mn~Hko] fodkl vkm ukedj.k ij izdk'k Mky· A exgh ds fofHkUu LFkkuh; Lo:i lksnkgj.k foospuk dj· A exgh Hkk"kk ds fodkl yk fdudj&fdudj usr`Ro esa vkanksyu Hksy vkm vksdjk esa dmu dmu dke dSy xsy gs \ Hkk"kk esa exgh ds LFkku fu:fir djbr ,dj lhek {ks= foLrkj ij izdk'k Mky· A

678-

9-

10- fVIi.kh fy[k· %& ¼d½ iS'kkph ¼[k½ fxz;lZu

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

Part­II, Paper­XIII ¼Hkk"kkfoKku % fl)kUr½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj n· A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456-

Hkkjrh; vk;ZHkk"kk ds bfrgkl ds laf{kIr ifjp; n· A Hkk"kk ds fo'ks"krk vkm izo`fr ij izdk'k Mky· A lEca/k rRo vkm vFkZrRo ds lEca/k ij viu fopkj O;Dr dj· A vFkZcks/kd ds ck/kd dkj.k ij fopkj O;Dr dj· A okD;&xBu esa ifjorZu ds dkj.k ij izdk'k Mky· A exgh ds fuEufyf[kr 'kCnu ds O;qRifÙk fy[k· A ¼d½ fdlku ¼[k½ cNM+k ¼x½ nqygk ¼?k½ xks:

789-

izkphu Hkkjrh; Hkk"kkoSKkfud ds nsu ij viu fopkj O;Dr dj· A vk/kqfud Hkk"kkoSKkfud ds dmu&dmu nsu gs \ Hkk"kkfoKku foKku gs b;k dyk \ ;qfDr;qDr mÙkj n· A

10- Hkk"kkfoKku ds vU; okM~e; ls lEca/k fu:fir dj· A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

Part­II, Paper­XIV ¼dkO;'kkL=½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dkSuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj n· A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

fgUnh&vkpk;Z ds dkO;&ifjHkk"kk ds leh{kk dj· A laLÑr dkO;'kkL= esa izfrikfnr dkO;&iz;kstu ij fopkj dj· A 'kCn'kfDr dsdjk dgy tk gs \ laf{kIr ifjp; ds lkFk y{k.k vkm O;atuk ds Hksn ds o.kZu dj· A jl lEiznk; ds izfriknd ds ifjp; ds lkFk lEiznk; ds fodklkRed ifjp; n· A jl&fu"ifÙk ls lEcaf/kr fofHkUu vkpk;Z ds er ds leh{kk dj· A lk/kkj.khdj.k ls dk rkRi;Z gs \ rdZiw.kZ mÙkj n· A vyadkj ds rdZ&lEer oxhZdj.k izLrqr dj· A jhfr ds O;qRifÙk dfjr vksdj vFkZ Li"V dj· A oØksfDr ds Lo:i vkm vFkZ Li"V dj· A

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10- vkbZOE ,OE fjpM~Zl ds lkfgR;&fl)kar ds mYys[k viu Hkk"kk esa dj· A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

Part­II, Paper­XV ¼lekykspuk½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nsoy tk;A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj gsA

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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vkykspuk ds mís'; ij fopkj nsoy tk; A Hkkjrh; vkm if'peh fo}kuu ds er ds vk/kkj ij vkykspuk ds ifjHkk"kk nsoy tk; A vkykspuk i)fr ds dsruk Hksn gkso· gs \ le>k ds fy[ky tk; A vkykspu ds izeq[k dÙkZO; vkm vksdjk esa visf{kr xq.k ij la{ksi esa fopkj djy tk; A exgh vkykspuk ds fodkl ij izdk'k Mkyy tk; A ekDlZoknh leh{kk&i)fr ij ,xks foLr`r fuca/k fy[ky tk; A jgL;okn ds izeq[k y{k.k viu 'kCn esa fy[ky tk; A vkn'kZokn ds ifjp; viu 'kCnu esa nsy tk; A leh{kk ds n`f"V ls ;FkkFkZokn ij ,xks cM+gu ys[k fy[ky tk; A

10- ekuo&ewY; vkm thou&n'kZu esa vfLrRookn ds LFkku fu:fir dSy tk; A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Magahi}

Part­II, Paper­XVI ¼yksdlkfgR; vkm lkewfgd ifjppkZ½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dkSuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj n· A lHkh iz'u ds eku cjkcj gs A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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laLdkj xhr ds lkekU; ifjp; n· A lksgj xhr ds mnkgj.k ds lkFk ifjp; izLrqr dj· A jke ds thou ij cuy iwohZ xhr ds leh{kk dj· A tu lekt esa pSrk ds yksdfiz;rk ij izdk'k Mky· A dtjh xhr ds ifjHkk"kk mnkgj.k ds lkFk cryko· A ckjgeklk ds ifjp; n· A exgh yksdxhr ds oxhZdj.k dj· A euksjatd dFkk ds :i vkm mís'; ij izdk'k Mky· A ^lrsyh ek;* dFkk esa lrsyh csVk&csVh ds lkFk lrsyh ek; ds vkpj.k ds leh{kk dj· A

10- ^yksHk ls eju* dFkk ds leh{kk dj· A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Political Science} Part­I, Paper­I

¼jktuhfrd Çpru dk bfrgkl½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

dkSfVY; ds jktRo fl)kUr dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine Kautilya's theory of Kingship.

egkHkkjr ds 'kkafrioZ esa Hkh"e }kjk izfrikfnr jktk ds dÙkZO;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the functions of the King as propounded by Bhisma in the Shantiparva of Mahabharat.

3-

IysVks ds lkE;oknh fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A ;g vk/kqfud lkE;okn ls fdl izdkj fHkUu gS \

Critically examine Plato's theory of communism. How does it differ from the modern communism ?

4567-

jkT; ij vjLrw ds fopkjksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss Aristotle's views on Polis.

lafo/kkuksa ds oxhZdj.k ij vjLrw ds fopkjksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss Aristotle's views on classification of constitutions.

phuh jktuhfrd Çpru ds izfr dUQwfl;l ds vonkuksa dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Delineate the contributions of Confucius to the Chinese Political Thought.

iksfyfc;l }kjk izfrikfnr fefJr lafo/kku ds fl)kUr dh izÑfr ,oa fo'ks"krkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the nature and features of the theory of Mixed Constitution as propounded by Polybius.

89-

VkWel ,Dohukl }kjk izfrikfnr dkuwuksa ds oxhZdj.k dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the classification of Laws as propounded by Thomas Aquinas.

^^IysVks izFke QkflLVoknh jktuhfrd Çprd Fkk A** D;k bl dFku ls vki lger gSa \ rdZ izLrqr dhft, A

"Plato was the First Fascist Political Thinker". Do you agree with this Statement ? Advance your arguments.

10- izkphu Hkkjrh; jktuhfrd Çpru ds vk/kkjksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the foundations of the Ancient Indian Political Thought.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Political Science} Part­I, Paper­II

¼vk/kqfud jktuhfrd Çpru dk bfrgkl½

(History of Modern Political Thought) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

^^jkT; vkpkj'kkL= ugha tkurk gS A jkT; tks djrk gS og u uSfrd gS] u vuSfrd] oju iw.kZr% uSfrdrk foghu gS** ¼eSfd;kosyh½ A bl dFku dks foLrkfjr dhft, A

"The State knows no ethics. What it does is neither ethical nor unethical but entirely nonethical" (Machiavelli). Elucidate this statement.

2345678-

izkÑfrd vf/kdkjksa ,oa izkÑfrd dkuwu ij gkWCl ds fopkjksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine Hobbes's view on Natural Rights and Natural Law.

ykWd }kjk izfrikfnr 'kfDr ds i`FkDdj.k fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the theory of Separation of Powers as propounded by Locke.

:lks ds lkekftd lafonk fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine Rousseau's theory of Social Contract.

Lora=rk ,oa ;q) ij fgxsy ds fopkjksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine Hegel's views on Freedom and War.

xzhu ds Lora=rk dh vo/kkj.kk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe Green's Concept of Freedom.

fey ds mi;ksfxrkokn dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate Mill's Utilitarianism.

}U}kRed HkkSfrdokn D;k gS \ bfrgkl dh HkkSfrdoknh O;k[;k esa blds mi;ksx dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is dialectical Materialism? Explain its application to the Materialistic interpretation of History.

9-

'kkafriw.kZ lg vfLrRo ,oa iap'khy fl)kUr ds fuekZrk ds :i esa tokgj yky usg: dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate Jawahar Lal Nehru as an Architect of the theory of Peaceful Co-existence and Panchsheel.

10- lR; vkSj vÇglk ij xk¡/khth ds fopkjksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss Gandhiji's views on Satya and Ahimsa.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Political Science} Part­I, Paper­III

¼laLFkkfir jktuhfrd fl)kUr½

(Classical Political Theory) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1234567-

jktuhfrd fl)kUr ds fodkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Trace the development of Political theory.

O;oLFkk mikxe ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you understand by System Approach ? Explain.

yksdra= ds vfHktuoknh fl)kUr dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the Elitist theory of Democracy.

Lora=rk ds fofHkUu laj{k.kksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the various safeguards of Liberty.

U;k; dh vo/kkj.kk dk foospu dhft, rFkk blds fofHkUu :iksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the concept of Justice and explain its various types.

vf/kdkjksa ds ,sfrgkfld fl)kUr dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the Historical Theory of Rights.

^^laizHkqrk ,d iw.kZ oLrq gS] bls foHkkftr djuk] bls fou"V djuk gS** A bl dFku dks foLrkfjr dhft, A

"Sovereignty is an entire thing, to divide it, is to destroy it". Elucidate this statement.

89-

lÙkk dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk bldh fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Define Authority and describe its features.

jktuSfrd nkf;Ro dh vo/kkj.kk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the concept of Political Obligation.

10- lfou; voKk ,oa vfLrRookn dh vo/kkj.kkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the concepts of Civil Disobedience and Existentialism.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Political Science} Part­I, Paper­IV

¼lelkef;d jktuhfrd fl)kUr½

(Contemporary Political Theory) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123-

uksftd ds lanHkZ esa] Lora=rk ,oa jkT; dh mRifÙk ij Lokra=okfn;ksa ds fopkjksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the views of Libertarians on Justice and origin of State, with reference to Nozick.

uo:f<+okn ,oa :f<+okn ds e/; lekurkvksa ,oa vlekurkvksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate the similarities and differences between Neo-Conservatism and Conservatism.

vUrjkZ"Vªh;rkokn ds fodkl esa lgk;d rÙoksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A izHkkodkjh vUrjkZ"Vªh;rkokn ds ekxZ esa dkSu ls rÙo vojks/kd gSa \

Examine the factors contributing to the development of Internationalism ? What are the hindrances in the way of effective Internationalism ?

4-

^^cÆyu ,d ewY; cgqyoknh ugha gS oju ,d lkaLÑfrd cgqyoknh Hkh gSa** A bl dFku dh O;k[;k dhft, A

"Berlin is not only a value pluralist, rather a cultural pluralist also". Explain this statement.

56789-

lokZf/kdkjokn dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the features of Totalitarianism.

ukjhokn ds jktuhfrd fopkjksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the Political ideas of Feminism.

leqnk;okn ds vkykspukRed ewY;kadu dks izLrqr dhft, A

Present a critical approval of Communitarianism.

mÙkj vk/kqfudrkokn dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the characteristic of Post Modernism.

,yOEihOEthOE ¼mOEfuOEoSOE&mnkjhdj.k] futhdj.k ,oa oS'ohdj.k½ D;k gS \ laLFkkfir jktuhfrd fl)kUr ds {ks=ksa esa blds fufgrkFkks± dk foospu dhft, A

What is L.P.G. (Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization) ? Discuss its implications in the areas of Traditional Political Theory.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on Any Two of the following :­ (a) uo&mnkjokn (Neo-Liberalism) (b) jk"Vªokn ds vk/kkj (Bases of Nationalism) (c) yksd dY;k.kdkjh jkT; dk nkf;Ro ,oa orZeku fo'o vkÆFkd ladV (The responsibility of the Welfare State and the present World Economic crisis)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

¼rqyukRed 'kklu ,oa jktuhfr½

(Comparative Government and Politics) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

M.A. {Political Science} Part­I, Paper­V

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSSa A g

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

Mk;lh }kjk fczfV'k lafo/kku ds Hkkxksa ds oxhZdj.k dk foospu dhft, ,oa fczfV'k lafo/kku ds dk;Zdj.k esa laoS/kkfud vfHkle;ksa ds egÙo dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Discuss Dicey's classification of the Parts of the British Constitution and examine the Significance of Conventions in working of the British Constitution.

2-

^^fczVsu esa eaf=eaMyh; rkuk'kkgh gS** A D;k bl dFku ls vki lger gSa \ viuk rdZ izLrqr dhft, A

"There is Cabinet dictatorship in Britain". Do you agree with this statement ? Advance your arguments.

3-

vesfjdh jk"Vªifr ds fuokZpu dh izfØ;k dk o.kZu dhft, A muds vf/kdkjksa ,oa dk;ks± dk Hkh ijh{k.k dhft, A

Describe the procedure of the election of the President of the United States. Also, discuss his powers and functions.

456789-

^^vesfjdh flusV fo'o dk lokZf/kd 'kfDr'kkyh f}rh; lnu gS** A O;k[;k dhft, A

"The American Senate is the strongest Second Chamber of the World". Explain.

Ýkal ds iape x.kra=h; lafo/kku dh ewyHkwr fo'ks"krkvksa dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, A

Analyse the basic features of the Fifth Republican Constitution of France.

LohVtjySaM dh la?kh; lHkk ds xBu] vf/kdkjksa ,oa dk;ks± dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the composition, powers and functions of the Federal Assembly.

LohVtjySaM dh la?kh; O;oLFkk dk vejhdh la?kh; O;oLFkk ls rqyuk dhft, A

Compare the Federal system of Switzerland with the United States Federal System.

phu ds tuoknh x.kra= esa jkT; ifj"kn~ ds xBu] vf/kdkjksa ,oa dk;ks± dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the organization, powers and functions of the State Council of the People's Republic of China.

lafo/kkuokn dh leL;k,¡ ,oa Hkfo"; ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the Problems and future of Constitutionalism.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on Any Two of the following :­ (a) fizoh ifj"kn~ dh U;kf;d lfefr ¼baxySaM½ Judicial committee of the Privy Council (England) (b) la?kh; fVªO;wuy dk laoS/kkfud {ks=kf/kdkj ¼LohVtjySaM½ Constitutional Jurisdiction of the Federal Tribunal (Switzerland) (c) Ýkalhlh laoS/kkfud ifj"kn~ French Constitutional Council (d) ihiqYl izksD;wjsVksjsV ¼phu½ People's Procuratorate (China)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

jktuhfrd ¼rqyukRed jktuhfrd izfØ;k½

(Comparative Political Process) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

M.A. {Political Science} Part­I, Paper­VI

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

rqyukRed jktuhfr dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the concept of Comparative Politics.

rqyukRed jktuhfr ds ekDlZoknh mikxe dk ijh{k.k dhft, A ;g vU; mikxeksa ls fdl izdkj fHkUu gS A

Examine the Marxist Approach to Comparative Politics. How does it differ from other approaches ?

34567-

fczfV'k jktuhfr O;oLFkk esa jktuSfrd nyksa dk Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the role of Political Parties in the British Political System.

vesfjdh nyh; O;oLFkk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the American Party System.

phu ds tuoknh x.kra= esa lkE;oknh ny ds xBu ,oa dk;Zdj.k dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the organization and working of the Communist Party in the People's Republic or China.

usiky esa yksdra= dh LFkkiuk ds fy, mÙkjnk;h rÙoksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the factors responsible for the establishment of Democracy in Nepal.

izFke] f}rh; ,oa r`rh; ih<+h ds ekuokf/kdkjksa ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ mnkgj.k lfgr mudh O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you understand by the Human Rights of the 1st, the 2nd and the 3rd generation ? Explain them with examples.

89-

vesfjdh fcy vkWQ jkbZV~l esa laLFkkfir fof/k dh mfpr izfØ;k dh vo/kkj.kk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the concept of Due Process of Law and enshrined in the U.S. Bill of Rights.

fczfV'k ukxfjdksa ds ekSfyd vf/kdkjksa ds fy, vk/kkjf'kyk ds :i esa dkuwu ds 'kklu ds rÙoksa ,oa egÙo dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the content and significance of the Rule of Law as a foundationstone of the Fundamental Rights of the British Citizens.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on Any Two of the following :­ (a) Ýkal esa nokc lewg (Pressure Groups in France) (b) phu esa ukxfjdksa ds ekSfyd vf/kdkj (Fundamental Rights of Citizens in China) (c) eSxuk dkVkZ (Magna Carta)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Political Science} Part­I, Paper­VII

¼vUrjkZ"Vªh; jktuhfr½

(International Politics) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234-

vUrjkZ"Vªh; jktuhfr ds lelkef;d vfHkdÙkkZvksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate the contemporary agents of International Politics.

'kfDr larqyu D;k gS \ orZeku ijek.kq ;qx ds lanHkZ esa bldh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is Balance of Powers ? Explain it in the context of present nuclear age.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; jktuhfr ds ,d fu/kkZjd rÙo ds :i esa fopkj/kkjk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine Ideology as a determining factor of International Politics.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; jktuhfr esa 'khr ;q) ds dkSu&ls dkj.k Fks \ blds fodkl ds bfrgkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

What were the causes of the Cold War ? Trace its history of development.

5678-

fu'kL=hdj.k ds i{k ,oa foi{k esa rdZ izLrqr dhft, A

Advance arguments for and against disarmament.

ijek.kq vizlkj laf/k ds izko/kkuksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the Provisions of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

oSf'od jktuhfr esa lewg&77 ds mn~Hko] fodkl ,oa Hkwfedk dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Delineate the origin, development and the role of the Group-77 in Global Politics.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; jktuhfr esa nf{k.k&nf{k.k lg;ksx ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds Hkfo"; dk foospu dhft, A

Who do you mean by South-South Cooperation in International Politics ? Discuss its future.

9-

vkfl;ku ds mn~Hko ,oa fodkl dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the Origin and development of ASEAN.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on Any Two of the following :­ (a) uk¶Vk (NAFTA) (b) u;h vUrjkZ"Vªh; vkÆFkd O;oLFkk (New International Economic Order) (c) ckaMqax lEesyu 1955 (Bandung Conference 1955)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Political Science} Part­I, Paper­VIII

¼Hkkjr vkSj fo'o½

(India and the World) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A nhft,

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

Hkkjr dh oSnsf'kd uhfr ds laoS/kkfud vk/kkjksa dk mYys[k dhft, rFkk bldh xqV fujis{krk dh uhfr dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Discuss the Constitutional bases of India's Foreign Policy and examine its Polices of Nonalignment.

2-

gky esa ikfdLrku esa gq, jktuSfrd ?kVukØeksa ds lanHkZ esa Hkkjr&ikd lEcU/kksa ds Hkfo"; dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Delineate the future of Indo-Pak relations in the context of the recent Political events in Pakistan.

345678-

Hkkjr&Jhyadk lEcU/kksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss India-Srilanka relations.

1971 ls Hkkjr&caxykns'k lEcU/kksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine Indo-Bangladesh relations since 1971.

123 le>kSrk ds lanHkZ esa vesfjdh fons'k uhfr dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the USA Foreign Policy with reference to Agreement 123.

2005 esa fons'k eaf=;ksa ds lEesyu ds lanHkZ esa Hkkjr&:l lEcU/kksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss Indo-Russia relation with reference to Foreign Ministers Summit in 2005.

Hkkjr ,oa if'pe ,f'k;k ds e/; lEcU/kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the relationship between India and West Asia.

lewg&8 ds QSyko ds fy, Ýkal ds izLrko ds lanHkZ esa] 2008 esa vk;ksftr lewg&8 ds f'k[kj lEesyu dh dk;Zokfg;ksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the deliberations of the Summit of Group-8, held in 2008, with reference to the French proposal for expansion of Group-8.

9-

oSf'od Lrj ij lewg&20 ds mn~Hko ,oa xBu dk foospu dhft, A gky esa gha yanu esa vk;ksftr lewg&20 dh cSBd esa ikfjr eq[; izLrkoksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Discuss the origin and composition of Group-20 at the global level. Examine the main proposals of Group-20 adopted at the meeting held recently in London.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on Any Two of the following :­ (a) Hkkjr ekynho lEcU/k (Indo-Maldives Relations) (b) Hkkjr ,oa jk"VªeaMy (India and Commonwealth) (c) Hkkjr ,oa HkwVku lEcU/k (Indo-Bhutan Relations) (d) lqj{kk ifj"kn~ dh LFkk;h lnL;rk ds fy, Hkkjr permanent membership of the Security Council)

dk nkok (India's claim for the

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.A. {Political [email protected] foKku}

Part­[email protected]&II Paper­IX (Public Administration)

ukSoka i=&¼yksd iz'kklu½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12345-

yksd iz'kklu ds fofHkUu izfrekuksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the various models of Public Administration.

iz'kklfud laxBu ds oSKkfud izcU/ku fl)kUr dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the Scientific Management Theory of Organization.

eq[; dk;Zikfydk ds dk;ks± ,oa Hkwfedk dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Delineate the functions and role of Chief Executive.

foHkkxh; laxBu ds vk/kkjHkwr fl)kUrksa dk lksnkgj.k mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate the fundamental principle of departmental organization.

vesfjdk esa LorU= fu;kedh; vk;ksxksa ds xBu ,oa dk;ks± dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the organization and functions of the Independent Regulatory Commissions in the U.S.A.

67-

iz'kklu esa fu.kZ; fuekZ.k ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine different types of decision making in administration.

,fMou fc f¶yiks ds fopkjksa ds lanHkZ esa] eukscy dks izHkkfor djus okys izeq[k ?kVdksa dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Present the details of the major factors influencing morale with reference to the views of Edwin B. Flippo.

89-

HkÙkhZ D;k gS \ bldh fofHkUu i)fr;ksa dk foospu dhft, A

What is recruitment ? Discuss its various methods.

iznÙk fo/kk;u ds xq.kksa ,oa nks"kksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the merits and demerits of Delegated Legislation.

10- bZ&xousZUl ds fofHkUu vk;keksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the various dimensions of e-governance.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.A. {Political [email protected] foKku}

Part­[email protected]&II Paper­X (Indian Administration)

i=&nlok¡ ¼Hkkjrh; iz'kklu½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A leku

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

Hkkjr esa fczfV'kdkyhu iz'kklfud O;oLFkk dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the main characteristics of administrative system in India during the British Period.

,d Hkkjrh; jkT; ds eq[;ea=h dh iz'kkldh; Hkwfedk ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on the administrative role of the Chief Minister of an Indian State.

Hkkjr ljdkj ds foHkkxksa ds orZeku laxBu dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the present organization of the Departments of the Government of India.

jkT; iz'kklu esa eq[;&lfpo dh Hkwfedk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the role of the Chief Secretary in State Administration.

fcgkj esa uxjikfydkvksa ds xBu] dk;ks± ,oa vf/kdkjksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the organization, functions and powers of the Municipalities in Bihar.

nkeksnj ?kkVh fuxe ds dk;ks± ,oa Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the functions and role of the Damoder Valley corporation.

foÙkh; iz'kklu ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds egÙo dh ppkZ djsa A

What do you mean by Financial Administration ? Discuss its importance in India.

Hkkjr esa yksdiky dh Hkwfedk ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the role of Lokpal in India.

iz'kklfud lq/kkj D;k gS \ Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk xfBr izFke iz'kkldh; vk;ksx dh eq[; vuq'kalkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

What is administrative reforms ? Discuss the major recommendation of the First Administrative Reforms constituted by Government of India.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) xksjokyk izfrosnu (Gorwala Report) (b) yksd ys[kk lfefr (Public Accounts Committee) (c) Hkkjr esa bZ&iz'kklu (e-governance in India) (d) iVuk uxj fuxe ds es;j (Corporation Mayor of Patna Municipal)

Part­[email protected]&II Paper­XI (Constitutional Government in India) i=&XI ¼Hkkjr esa laoS/kkfud ljdkj½ Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.A. {Political [email protected] foKku}

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A leku

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

^^Hkkjrh; lafo/kku odhyksa dk LoxZ gS A** O;k[;k dhft, A

"The Indian Constitution is Lawyers Paradise". Explain.

jkT; ds uhfr funsZ'kd rÙoksa ,oa ekSfyd vf/kdkjksa esa vUrjksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the differences between the Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Rights.

345678-

Hkkjrh; iz/kkuea=h ds vf/kdkjksa ,oa dÙkZO;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the Powers and Duties of the Prime Minister of India.

,d Hkkjrh; jkT; ds jkT;iky ds vf/kdkjksa] dk;ks± ,oa Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the powers, functions and role of the Governor of an Indian State.

fcgkj fo/kku lHkk ds laxBu] dk;ks± ,oa vf/kdkjksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the composition, functions and powers of the Bihar Legislative Assembly.

Hkkjrh; laln esa fo/kk;h fuekZ.k izfØ;k ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the Procedure of Law making in the Indian Parliament.

Hkkjr esa lEifÙk ds vf/kdkjksa ls lEcfU/kr laoS/kkfud la'kks/kuksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the constitutional amendments relating to the right to Property in India.

U;kf;d leh{kk D;k gS \ loksZPp U;k;ky; ds v|ru fu.kZ;ksa ds vkyksd esa bldh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is Judicial Review ? Explain it in the light of updated judgments of the Supreme Court of India.

9-

Hkkjr esa dsUæ jkT; lEcU/kksa ij ljdkfj;k vk;ksx dh vuq'kalkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the recommendations of the Sarkaria Commission on centre-state relations in India.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) /ku fo/ks;d (Money Bill) (b) Hkkjr dk mijk"Vªifr (Vice-President of India) (c) Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dh izLrkouk (Preamble of the constitution of India) (d) Hkkjr dk fu;a=d ,oa egk ys[kk ijh{kd (Comptroller and Auditor General of India.)

Part­[email protected]&II Paper­XII {Indian Politics (Issues and Processes)} i=&XII {Hkkjrh; jktuhfr ¼eqís ,oa izfØ;k,¡½} Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.A. {Political [email protected] foKku}

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

Hkkjrh; jktuhfrd O;oLFkk esa 91osa laoS/kkfud la'kks/ku }kjk fd;s x;s ifjorZuksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the changes in the Indian Political System by the 91st Constitutional Amendment.

23-

ifjlheu vk;ksx ds xBu] dk;ks±] vf/kdkjksa ,oa Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the organization, functions, powers and role of the Delimitation Commission.

fuokZpdh; lq/kkjksa dk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ Hkkjr esa fuokZpdh; lq/kkjksa ds fy, dfri; Bksl izLrko nhft, A

What is the meaning of Electoral Reforms ? Delineate some solid Proposals for Electoral Reform in India.

456789-

Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa {ks=h; jktuSfrd nyksa dh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the role of the Regional Political Parties in Indian Politics.

Hkkjrh; jktuhfr esa lEiznk;okn ds dkj.kksa ,oa nq"izHkkoksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the causes and consequences of Communism and in Indian Politics.

Hkkjrh; jktuhfrd O;oLFkk esa foÙk vk;ksx ds dk;Zdj.k ,oa Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Describe the role of working of the Finance Commission of India.

Hkkjr esa nokc lewgksa ds izdkjksa ,oa dk;Zdj.k dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the types and working of Pressure Groups in India.

15oha yksdlHkk fuokZpu] 2009 esa mHkjrh gq;h fuokZpdh; izo`fÙk;ksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the emerging electoral trends in the election to the 15th Lok Sabha, 2009.

Hkkjr esa jk"Vªh; jktuSfrd ny dh ekU;rk ds fy, dkSu&dkSu 'kÙks± fu/kkZfjr gSa \ fdlh ,d Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh; ny ds laxBu ,oa dk;Z iz.kkyh dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

What are the conditions prescribed for the recognition of a National Political Party ? Examine the organization and working of an Indian National Party.

10- iapk;rh jkt laLFkkvksa] fo/kku lHkkvksa ,oa yksd lHkk ds fy, ,d gha lkFk fuokZpu djkus dh okaNuh;rk ,oa ykHkksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the desirability and advantages of holding Elections to the Panchayati Raj Institutions, Legislative Assemblies and Lok Sabha simultaneously.

Part­[email protected]&II Paper­XIII (International Organisation­The U.N.O.) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.A. {Political [email protected] foKku}

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234-

vUrjkZ"Vªh; laxBu ds mn~Hko ,oa fodkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Delineate the origin and development of the International Organizations.

la;qDr jk"Vª la?k ds iz;kstu ,oa fl)kUrksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the Purpose and Principles of the United Nations.

xSj jktuhfrd {ks= esa jk"Vª yhx dh miyfC/k;ksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the achievements of the League of Nations in non-political field.

la;qDr jk"Vª ds lanL;ksa ds izdkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A lnL;k izkIr djus ds fy, fu/kkZfjr izfØ;k dk foospu dhft, A

Describe the types of the membership of the United Nations. Also discuss the procedure prescribed for acquiring membership.

56789-

la;qDr jk"Vª la?k dh lqj{kk ifj"kn~ ds xBu] vf/kdkj ,oa Hkwfedk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the organization, power and role of the Security Council of the United Nations.

vkÆFkd ,oa lkekftd ifj"kn~ ds xBu ,oa dk;ks± dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the organization and functions of the Economic and Social Council.

U;kl ifj"kn~ dh izklafxdrk ,oa blds dk;Zdj.k ds ewY;kadu dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the relevance and evaluation of the working of the Trusteeship Council

vUrjkZ"Vªh; eqæk dks"k ds dk;Zdj.k dh leh{kk xzwi 8 ,oa 20 ds lanHkZ esa dhft, A

Review the working of the International Monetary Fund in the context of G 8 and G 20.

fodkl'khy ns'kksa ij mnkjhdj.k] futhdj.k ,oa oS'ohdj.k ds izHkkoksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the impact of liberalization, privatization and globalization on the Developing Nations.

10- ;wjksih; la?k ds mn~Hko ,oa miyfC/k;ksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the origin and achievements of the European Union.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.A. {Political [email protected] foKku}

Part­[email protected]&II Paper­XIV (International Law) i=&XIV ¼vUrjkZ"Vªh; fof/k½ Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

vUrjkZ"Vªh; fof/k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, ,oa blds fofHkUu vk/kkjksa dk foospu dhft, A

Define International Law and discuss its various bases.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; U;k;ky; ds dfri; fu.kZ;ksa ds lanHkZ esa vUrjkZ"Vªh; dkuwu ds izeq[k lzksrksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the main sources of International Law with special reference to some decisions of the International Court of Justice.

3-

vUrjkZ"Vªh; fof/k esa O;fDr;ksa dk D;k LFkku gS \ vkbZOElhOEtsOE ds ijke'khZ {ks=kf/kdkj ds vUrxZr fn, x, fu.kZ; ds vkyksd esa bldk o.kZu dhft, A

What is the place of individuals in International Law ? Describe it in the context of a decision given under the Advisory Jurisdiction of I.C.J.

456-

jkT; fof/k ,oa vUrjkZ"Vªh; fof/k ds e/; lEcU/kksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine the relationship between Municipal Law and International Law.

jkT; ds mÙkjnkf;Ro dk foospu dSYoks fl)kUr ds lanHkZ esa dhft, A

Discuss the responsibility of the State in the context of the Calvo doctrine.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; fof/k ds vuqlkj fdlh jkT; }kjk {ks= ;k izns'k dks izkIr djus dh fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the modes of acquisition and loss of State territory by a State according to International Law.

78-

jk"Vªh;rk] nksgjh jk"Vªh;rk ,oa jk"Vªh;rk&foghurk dh vo/kkj.kk dk foospu lksnkgj.k dhft, A

Discuss the concepts of Nationality, Double Nationality and Statelessness with examples.

jktuf;d vfHkdÙkkZvksa ,oa O;kikfjd vfHkdÙkkZvksa ds e/; fofHkUurkvksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A jktuf;d vfHkdÙkkZvksa dh Jsf.k;ksa dk Hkh o.kZu dhft, A

Explain the difference between Diplomatic agents and Consular agents. Also describe the types of Diplomatic agents.

9-

la;qDr jk"Vª la?k ds rRoko/kku esa I;kZoj.k dks lqjf{kr ,oa lajf{kr djus ds fy, fd, x, iz;Ruksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate the effort made for preservation and protection of environment under the agies of the United Nations.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) vUrjkZ"Vªh; fof/k ds tud ds :i esa xzksfl;l (Grotius as the Father of International Law) (b) Fkkyosx (Thalweg) (c) fjcd fld LVSUVhcl (Rebuc Sic Stantibus)

Part­[email protected]&II Paper­XV (International Law-Law of Belligerency) i=&XV ¼vUrjkZ"Vªh; fof/k&;q) ds fu;e½ Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.A. {Political [email protected] foKku}

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

;q) dh izÑfr dk foospu dhft, ,oa la;qDr jk"Vª la?k ?kks"k.kk i= ds izko/kkuksa ds lanHkZ esa ;q) dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k Hkh dhft, A

Discuss the nature of war and explain the concept of war in the context of the provisions of the United Nations Charter.

2345-

leqæh ;q) ds izeq[k fu;eksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Explain the important Rules of Naval Warfare.

ok;q;ku vigj.k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A vUrjkZ"Vªh; vfHkle;ksa ds lanHkZ esa bldh O;k[;k dhft, A

Define Plane Hijacking. Explain it in the context of International conventions.

ijek.kq ;q) lEcU/kh fu;eksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the laws concerning nuclear warfare.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; fof/k ds lafgrkdj.k esa gsx lEesyuksa ,oa vUrjkZ"Vªh; fof/k vk;ksx ds vonkuksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the contributions of Hague Conferences and International Law Commission to the Codification of International Law.

6789-

fcfuf"k) ,oa ifjos"Vu ds e/; rqyuk dhft, A

Compare between Contraband and Blockade.

vrVLFk lsok D;k gS \ blds ifj.kkeksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

What is unnatural service ? Discuss its consequences.

;q)dkjh jkT; ds lkekU; vf/kdkjksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the general rights of the Belligerent state.

vf/kxzg.k U;k;ky; D;k gS \ vf/kxzg.k U;k;ky; ds xBu] 'kfDr;ksa ,oa dk;Zdj.k ls lEcfU/kr fl)kUrksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

What is a Prize Court ? Examine the principles concerning the organization, powers and working of Prize Courts.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) fujh{k.k ,oa [kkst (Right to Visit and Search) (b) ;q) vijk/k (War Crimes) (c) ijek.kq 'kL=ksa dks jksdus lEcU/kh la;qDr jk"Vªla?k 1961 banning use of Nuclear Arms)

izLrko] 1961 (United Nations Resolution,

Part­[email protected]&II Paper­XVI (State Politics and Research Methodology) i=&XVI ¼jkT;h; jktuhfr ,oa 'kks/k izfof/k½ Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY M.A. {Political [email protected] foKku}

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

1jkT; iquxZBu vk;ksx] 1953 dh vuq'kalkvksa ,oa fØ;kfUofr dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the recommendations and implementation of State Reorganization Commission, 1953.

2-

^^Hkkjr esa jkT;h; jktuhfr dh fLFkfr cny jgh gS A** yksdlHkk fuokZpu 2009 ds lanHkZ esa bl dFku dh O;k[;k dhft, A

"The scenario of State Politics is changing". Explain this statement in the context of Lok Sabha Election 2009.

345-

fcgkj esa iapk;rh jkt O;oLFkk ds dk;Zdj.k dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the working of Panchayati Raj System in Bihar.

fcgkj esa uxjhdj.k dh leL;kvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the problems of urbanization in Bihar.

^^Hkkjrh; jkT;ksa ds e/; lekurkvksa ls vf/kd vlekurk,¡ gSa A** bl dFku dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

There are more disparities than similarities among the Indian States". Examine this statement.

[k.M ^c* (Section 'B') ^c

6789lkekftd 'kks/k ds izdkjksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the types of Social Research.

lkekftd losZ{k.k D;k gS \ blds xq.k ,oa lhekvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

What is Social Survey ? Examine its merits and limitations.

rF;ksa ds ladyu dh izfof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the techniques of data Ellection.

ek/;] e/;dk ,oa cgqyd ij laf{kIr fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write short notes on Mean, Median and Mode.

10- fuEukafdr vk¡dM+ksa dh lgk;rk ls lekUrj ek/;] e/;dk ,oa Hkwf;"Bd }kjk ek/; fopyu xq.kkad Kkr dhft, A

Find out mean, median and mode on the basis of the following data :­ 4 6 8 10 12 vkdkj (Size) 2 1 3 6 4 vko`fÙk (Frequency) 14 3 16 1

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­I, Paper­I (Fundamental of Basic Psychology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12345678-

euksfoKku ds fofHkUu lanHkksZa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the different perspectives of psychology.

losZ fof/k D;k gS \ blds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is Survey method ? Explain its different types.

vo/kku dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk bldh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Define attention and describe its characteristics.

nh?khZÑr vo/kku ds laKkukRed fl)kUrksa dh vkykspukRed foospuk dhft, A

Critically explain Neurophysiological theories of sustained attention.

funs'k voLFkk fl)kUr dh O;[;k dhft, A

Explain directive state theory of perception.

vfHkizsj.kk ds iz.kksnu fl)kUr dh vkykspukRed ewy;kadu dhft, A

Critically explain the drive theory of motivation.

laKkukRed fl)kUr ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bldh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you mean by cognitive theory ? Explain it critically.

ruko ds izeq[k dkj.kksa dk laf{kIr o.kZu djsa A ruko dks de djus ds mik;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Explain in brief the major causes which leads to stress. Describe the strategies for coping stress.

9-

p;ukRed vo/kku ds fu/kkZjdksa dks lksnkgj.k O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the determinants of selective attention with example.

10- fuEufyf[kr ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write notes of the followings :(i) vkUrfjd ,oa okgz; vfHkizsj.kk (Intrinsic and extrinsic) (ii) tk;xkjfud izHkko (Zeigarnik effect)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­I, Paper­II (Cognitive Psychology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq, dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any five question all, selecting at least two questions from each Group. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Group 'A')

1^lh[kus* dks izHkkfor djus okys egÙoiw.kZ rF;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A f'k{k.k oØ ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain important factors influencing learning. Explain the various types of learning curves.

2-

Ldhuj ds f'k{k.k fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft, A muds f'k{k.k fl)kUr ds fofHkUu izR;;ksa dk foospu dhft, A

Explain Skinner's learning theory. Explain different "concepts" of his learning theory.

345-

ekSf[kd f'k{k.k fof/k dk vFkZ Li"V dhft, A ekSf[kd f'k{k.k fof/k dh fofHkUu fof/k;k¡ dkSu&lh gSa \

Explain the meaning of verbal learning. What are various methods of verbal learning ?

Le`fr dh fo'ks"krk,¡ dh O;k[;k dhft, A bldh izeq[k voLFkk,¡ dkSu&lh gSa \

Explain characteristics of memory. What are its important stages ?

okWx&ukWjeSu Le`fr izfreku dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the Waugh-Norman Model of Memory.

[k.M ^v* (Group 'A')

6789cqf) ds f}dkjd fl)kUr dh vkykspukRed leh{kk dhft, A

Examine critically two-factor theory of intelligence.

dSVsy ds fl)kUr esa fo'ks"k D;k gS \ Li"V dhft, A

What is special in Cattell's theory ? Explain.

ltZukRedrk dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A blds fu/kkZjdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define Creativity. Discuss its determinants.

fpUru D;k gS \ blds fofHkUu izdkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What is Thinking ? Describe its different types.

10- izR;; ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dk lksnkgj.k o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the different types of concepts with examples.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­I, Paper­III (Neuro Psychology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

U;wjksu izkdYiuk ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Throw light upon neuron hypothesis.

xzkgd] izHkod rFkk lek;kstd dk vFkZ cryk,¡ xzkgd ds izeq[k izdkjksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Give the meaning of Receptor, Effector and Adjustor. Describe the major types of Receptor.

345678-

U;wjksu ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa dh lajpuk ,oa dk;ksZa dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the Structure and functions of different parts of neuron.

raf=dk vkosx ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ mudk lapkj dSls gksrk gS \

What do you mean by nerve impulse ? How is it conducted ?

dkf;d raf=d ra= dh lajpuk rFkk dk;ksZ ij izdk' Mkysa A

Throw light upon the structure and functions of somatic nervous system.

U;wjks euksoSKkfud ewY;kadu ds dqN izeq[k izfof/k;ksa dk laf{kIr o.kZu djsa A

Discuss, in brief, some of the main techniques of neuro psychological assessment.

raf=dk oSKkfud fof/k rFkk fofdj.kh fof/k ds Lo:i ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Throw light upon the nature of Neurological method and Radiological method.

fHkÙkh; ikfy lay{k.k ls vki D;k le>rs gS \ blds lac/k O;ogkj esa mRiUu ifjorZuksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What do you mean by Parietal lobe syndrome ? Describe the changes in Behaviour associated with it.

9-

izefLr"dh; vlefefr ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds nksuksa igyqvksa ij foLrkj ls izdk'k Mkysa A

What do you mean by cerebral asymmetry ? Throw light upon its both aspects in detail.

10- Hkw[k rFkk I;kl vfHkizsjd dk U;wjksnSfgd vk/kkj cryk,¡ A

Point out the neurophysiological base of hunger and thirst.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­I, Paper­IV (Social Psychology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions, selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^d* (Section 'A')

12345lkekftd euksfoKku ds bfrgkl dh laf{kIr O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain briefly the history of social psychology.

lewg fuekZ.k ds fofHkUu dkjdksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Describe the different factors of Group Formation.

O;fDr izR;{k.k esa v'kkfCnd ladsrksa dh Hkwfedk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the role of non-verbal cues in person perception.

lkekftd 'kfDr ds izeq[k fu/kkZjdksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the major determinants of social powers.

xq.kkjksiu izfØ;k ds dqN iwokZxzgksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the biases in the attribution process.

[k* [k.M ^^[k* (Section 'B') [k

6789fdlh lewg ds usrk ds iz/kku dk;ks± dk mYys[k dhft, A

Describe the major functions of a leader in group.

lgk;d ijd O;ogkj ds fl)kUrksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Describe the theories of altruistic behaviour.

izfrlkekftd O;ogkj ds ekudhÑr fl)kUr ;k ekWMy dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate Normative Theory or Model of prosocial behaviour.

vUroSZ;fDrd vkd"kZ.k ds fofue; fl)kUr dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, A

Critically explain the exchange theory of interpersonal attraction.

10- eukso`fÙk ekiu esa FkLVZu fof/k dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate Thurstone Method in the measurement of attitude.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­I, Paper­V (Research Methodology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft,A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A nhft,A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

oSKkfud 'kks/k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ oSKkfud 'kks/k dh fo'ks"krkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

What do you mean by scientific research ? Throw light on the characteristics of the scientific research.

2345678-

iz;ksxkRed 'kks/k ds ykHkksa rFkk lhekvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the advantages and limitations of experimental research.

iz;ksx'kkyk iz;ksx D;k gS \ blds xq.kksa rFkk lhekvksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is laboratory experiment ? Explain its merits and limitations.

izfrxkeh 'kks/k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bldh =qfV;ksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you mean by ex-post facto research ? Explain its demerits.

lglEcU/kkRed 'kks/k fdls dgrs gSa \ ;g iz;ksxkRed 'kks/k ls fdl izdkj fHkUu gS \

What do you mean by correlational research ? How is it differ from experimental research ?

'kks/k vfHkdYi D;k gS \ blds dk;ks± ;k egÙo dh foospuk dhft, A

What is Research Design ? Discuss its functions or importance.

oS|rk dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdksa dk lksnkgj.k o.kZu dhft, A

Describe with example the factors which influence validity of the Tests.

'kks/k leL;k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds izeq[k xq.kksa ;k fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you mean by a Research problem ? Describe the major characteristics of Research problem.

9-

'kks/k ifjdYiuk ds fuekZ.k ds lzksrksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on the sources of framing Research Hypothesis.

10- euksoSKkfud 'kks/k esa fofHkUu izdkj ds pjksa ds egÙo dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the importance of different types of variables in a psychological.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­I, Paper­VI (Psychological Statistics) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A nhft,

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

fuEukafdr vk¡dM+ksa ls ek/;] ek/;e] rFkk cgqyd dh x.kuk djsa A

Calculate mean, median and mode from the following data : 64, 61, 62, 60, 63, 61, 64, 66, 65, 64, 63, 65, 63

234-

fopyu D;k gS \ bldh mi;ksfxrkvksa ij izdk'k Mkysa A

what is Deviation ? Throw light on its uses.

izlkj fdls dgrs gSa \ izlkj ds ykHkksa rFkk vykHkksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What is Range ? What are its advantages and disadvantages ?

fuEufyf[kr ckjacjrk forj.k dk ,lOEMhOE Kkr djsa %&

Calculate SD of following frequency Distribution :­ Scores 60­64 55­59 50­54 45­49 40­44 3 5 6 10 15 S 35­39 11 30­34 10 25­29 5 20­24 1 N = 66

5-

dkyZ fi;lZu lglEcU/k xq.kkad Kkr dhft, %&

Find out Karl Pearson's correlation coefficient.

X Y

5 4

6 5

7 10

8 8

9 12

10 18

11 20

6-

fuEukafdr iznÙk ds vk/kkj ij fu/kkZfjr dhft, fd D;k izf'k{k.k dk izHkko lkFkZd gS \

On the basis of following data given below determine that is significant effect of training ? N M S.D. r 30 8 izf'k{k.k ls igys (Before Training) 100 70 100 37 9 izf'k{k.k ds ckn (After Training)

789-

^^laHkO;rk fl)kUr esa izlkekU; forj.k dk egRo lcls vf/kd gS A** ,Slk D;ksa \

"In theory of probability the normal distribution is of greatest importance." Why ?

izlkekU; laHkkO;rk oØ ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bldh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What do you understand by Normal Probability curve ? Describe its characteristics.

fdlh izlkekU; forj.k ds ek/; (Mean), ekud fopyu (SD) rFkk izkIrkadksa dh la[;(N) Øe'k% 80] 16 rFkk 510 gS A bl forj.k esa izkIrkadksa dk fdruk izfr'kr izkIrkad 110 ls Åij gksxk \

In a normal distribution Mean, SD and N are 80, 16 and 510 respectively. What Percentage of score in this distribution will fall on a row score of 110 ?

10- oS"kE;rk ds fofHkUu ekiksa dk foLr`r mnkgj.k ds lkFk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the various measures of Skewness with illustrated examples.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­I, Paper­VII (Life-Span Developmental Psychology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

izR;sd [k.M lss de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A l lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer five questions, selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^d* (Section 'A')

12345thou&vof/k fodklkRed euksfoKku dh ewy lzksrksa dk O;k[;k djsa A

Explain the roots of Life-span Developmental Psychology.

fodkl dh fofHkUu izfØ;kvksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Explain the different processes of development.

fodkl dks izHkkfor djus okys fofHkUu dkjd dkSu&dkSu ls gSa \ bldk o.kZu djsa A

What are the different factors that influence development ? Discuss it.

fØ;kRed fodkl ds eq[; Øe dk o.kZu djsa A

Explain major sequence of motor development.

xHkZdkyhu fodkl dks izHkkfor djus okys fofHkUu dkjdksa dk o.kZu djsa A bldk iz;ksxkRed lcwr nsa A

Explain various factors that influence parenatal development cite experimental evidences.

[k* [k.M ^^[k* (Section 'B') [k

6789euksfo'ys"k.kkRed fl)kUr ds vuqlkj O;fDrRo dh xfrdh dks O;k[;k djsa A

Explain dynamic of personality as described in psychoanalytic theory.

jkstlZ ds O;fDrRo fl)kUr dk O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the phenomenological theory of personality of Rogers.

fi;kts dk laKkukRed fodkl ds fl)kUr dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate the cognitive development theory of Piaget.

czquj ds laKkukRed fodkl ds fl)kUr ds rhuksa voLFkkvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Discuss the three stages of Bruner's theory of cognitive development.

10- fd'kksjoLFkk ds leL;k,¡ D;k gSa rFkk budh lek/kku dSls gks ldrk gS \ bldh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain what are the problems of adolescence period and how they can be solved.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­I, Paper­VIII (Psychological Assessment) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dk p;u djrs gq, dqy ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nsa A djrs lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five Questions in all, Selecting at least two questions from each group.

Time : 3 Hours.

Group­'A' ¼[k.M&v½

12345-

euksoSKkfud ijh{k.k ds :Ik esa O;for bfrgkl fof/k dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate Case History Method as Psychological Assessment.

O;fDrRo ewY;kadu dh lhekvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the limitations of personality Assessment.

vkRe izfrosnu fof/k ds :i esa EPPS ,oa JMPI dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate EPPS and JMPI as Self Report Thechniques.

O;fDrRo ds ewY;kadu ds fy, iz{ksih ijh{k.k ds :i esa VhOE,OEVhOE dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate TAT as a projective Test for measuring personality.

cqf) ekiu ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds mís';ksa ,oa mi;ksfxrkvksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What do you understand by the measurement of intelligence ? Describe its objectives and applications.

Group­'B' ¼[k.M&c½ ¼[k.M&c

67-

ekuo vfHkizsj.kk ds ekiu dh ,d fof/k ds :i esa ?kVd fo'ys"k.k fof/k dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate content analysis method as a method of measuring human motivation ?

laosx ds vFkZ ,oa fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu djsa A Hkko rFkk laosx esa vUrj Li"V djsa A

Describe the meaning and Characteristics of Emotion. Distinguish between feeling and emotion.

89-

vkdka{kk Lrj dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the factors affecting level of Aspiration.

ewY;ksa dks mUur cukus ds fof/k;ksa dk foospu djsa A

Discuss the methods promoting values.

10- euksoSKkfud ijh{k.k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds visf{kr xq.kksa ij izdk'k Mkysa A

What do you mean by Psychological tests ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­II, Paper­IX (Psychopathology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

euksfoÑfr foKku ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ vlkekU; O;ogkj dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa ij izdk'k Mkysa A

What do you mean by psychopathology ? Throw light upon the major characteristics of abnormal behaviour.

23-

iwoZ oSKkfud dky esa euksfoÑfr foKku ds fodkl dk bfrgkl ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Throw light upon the history of development of psychopathology in prescientific period.

izs{k.k fof/k D;k gS \ vlkekU; O;ogkj ds v/;;u ds fy, bl fof/k dk mi;ksx fdl rjg fd;k tkrk gS \

What is observation method ? How is it used in the study of abnormal behaviour.

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ekufld jksxksa ds vkbZ-lh-Mh- oxhZdj.k ra= dh fo'ks"krkvksa ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Throw light upon the major features of ICD classification system of mental disorders.

euksxfrdh ekWMy vlkekU; O;ogkj dh O;k[;k fdl rjg ls djrk gSa \

How does psychodynamic model explain abnormal behaviour ?

vlkekU; O;ogkj ds tSfod dkj.kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the biological causes of abnormal behaviour.

ruko fdls dgrs gSa \ ruko ds izfr gksus okys izfrfØ;kvksa dk mYys[k djsa A

What is Stress ? Discuss the reaction involved in Stress.

nqHkhZfr ds dkj.kksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the causes of Phobia.

dk;izk:i foÑfr ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds y{k.kksa ,oa dkj.kksa dh O;k[;k djsa A

What do you understand by Somatoform disorder ? Describe its symptoms and etiology of somatoform.

10- euksfonkfyrk ds dkj.kksa dh O;k[;k djsa A

Explain the etiology of Schizophrenia.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­II, Paper­X (Psychology of Personality) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

O;fDrRo ds eq[; tSfod fu/kkZjdksa dh O;k[;k djsa A

Discuss the major biological determinants of Personality.

O;fDrRo ekiu D;k gS \ dSls fofHkUu O;fDrRo vkfo"dkfjdk ds }kjk bldk ekiu laHko gS \ o.kZu djsa A

What is personality measurement ? How different personality inventories make it possible to measure it ? Explain.

3456-

O;fDrRo ds fl)kUr dks ifjHkkf"kr djas ,oa blds i`"BHkwfe dk o.kZu djsa A

Define theory of personality and explain its backgrounds.

mifu"kkn ds vuqlkj O;fDrRo dh O;k[;k djsa A

Explain personality according to Upnishads.

Ýk;M dk laf{kIr ifjp; nsa A euksfo'ys"k.kkRed fl)kUr ds vkdkjkRed ekWMy dh ppkZ djsa A

Give brief introduction of Freud. Explain topographical model of psychoanalytic theory.

O;fDrRo ds euksfo'ys"k.kkRed fl)kUr dh LFkkiuk fdlus dh Fkh \ euksySafxd fodkl dh voLFkkvksa ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ foLr`r ppkZ djsa A

Who established psychoanalytic theory of personality ? What do you understand by stages of psychosexual development ? Explain it.

789-

Ýk;M ds O;fDrRo fl)kUr dh ppkZ djsa A O;fDrRo dh xfrdh ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Explain Freud's personality theory. Throw light on Dynamics of personality.

bfjDlu ds eukslkekftd fl)kUr dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Eva;iate Erolspm's psycho-social theory of personality.

O;fDrRo ds ^^vko';drk fl)kUr** dk izfriknu fdlus fd;k \ bl fl)kUr dh ppkZ djsa A

Who established the Need theory of personality ? Explain the theory

10- xkSMZu vkyiksVZ ds O;fDrRo ds 'khyxq.k fl)kUr dh O;k[;k djsa A

Explain trait theory of personality of Gordon Allport.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­II, Paper­XI (Systems and Theories of Personality) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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oscj ds iz;ksxkRed euksfoKku esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnkuksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the important contributions of Weber to experimental Psychology.

,d Øec) euksoSKkfud ds :i esa oq.V ds ;ksxnkuksa dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate the contributions of Wundt as a Systematic Psychologist.

fofy;e tsEl ds euksfoKku esa egRoiw.kZ ;ksxnkuksa dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate the important contributions of William James to Psychology.

lajpukokn rFkk izdk;Zokn ds chp ds vUrjksa ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Throw light on the differences between Structuralism and functionalism.

izdk;Zokn ds fodkl esa gkosZ ,OE dkj ds eq[; ;ksxnkuksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the major contributions of Harvey A. Carr to the development of Functionalism.

okVlu ds O;ogkjokn ds f}rh;d fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe secondary characteristics of Watson in Behaviourism.

,d O;ogkjokn ds :i esa bZOE vkjOE xFkjh ds ;ksxnkukas dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the contribution of E.R. Guthrie as Behaviourist.

euksfoKku ds O;oLFkk ds :i esa xsLVkYV euksfoKku ds ;ksxnkuksa dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate the contributions of Gestalt psychology as a System of Psychology.

euksfo'ys"k.k ds fodkl esa Ýk;M ds iwoZdkyhu euksoSKkfud fl)kUr ds izHkko dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the effect of Freud's earlier psychological principles in the development of psychoanalysis.

10- ,d laiznk; ds :i esa Ýk;fM;u euksfo'ys"k.k dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe Freudian psychoanalysis as a system.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­II, Paper­XII (Educational Psychology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12345-

f'k{kk euksfoKku dk vFkZ ,oa dk;Z {ks= ds laf{kIr bfrgkl dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the brief historical background of meaning and scope of Educational Psychology.

oS;fDÙkd fHkUurk ds izeq[k {ks=ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the major areas of individual differences.

fof'k"V ckydksa ds vFkZ ,oa fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Evaluate the meaning and characteristics of Exceptional Children.

ean cqf) ckydksa dh f'k{kk ,oa lek;kstu dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the Educational and Adjustment of Mentally Retarded Children.

leL;k ckydksa ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ leL;k ckydksa dh f'k{kk ,oa mipkj dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you mean by problem children ? Discuss the Education and Treatment of problem children.

6789-

l`tukRedrk ds vFkZ rFkk fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Describe the meaning and characteristics of creativity.

vykHkkfUor ckydksa ds izdkj dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the different types Disadvantaged Children.

vuq'kklu dks izHkkfor djus okys fofHkUu dkjdksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the different factors influencing discipline.

lkekftd vkSj uSfrd fodkl ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ muds vkilh lEcU/kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you mean by social and moral development ? Discuss their Inter-relationships.

10- cPpksa esa ewY; ds fodkl ls Ldwy izkf/kdkfj;ksa ,oa ekrk&firk dh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Describe the role of school authority and parents in the development of values among children.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­II, Paper­XIII (Psychometrics) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

ekiu ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ ekiu rFkk ewY;kadu esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A

What do you understand by measurement ? Differentiate between measurement and evaluation.

2345-

euksoSKkfud ekiu ds fofHkUu Lrjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the various levels of psychological measurement.

euksoSKkfud ekiu ds eq[; dk;ks± dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the major functions of psychological measurement.

euksoSKkfud ijh{k.k ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe various types of psychological measurement.

euksoSKkfud ijh{k.k ds fuekZ.k ,oa ekudhdj.k esa lfEefyr lkekU; pj.kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the general steps involved in the construction and standardization of psychological list.

6789-

izfrfØ;k iwokZxzg ds 'kks/k vk'k;ksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on research implications of response bias.

,dka'k D;k gS \ ,d vPNs ,dka'k dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What is item ? Explain the criteria or characteristics of a good item.

,dka'k fo'ys"k.k D;k gS \ ,dka'k fo'ys"k.k dSls fd;k tkrk gS \

What is item analysis ? How it is analysed ?

fo'oluh;rk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fo'oluh;rk dk rduhdh vFkZ Hkh crykb, A

What do you mean by reliability. Give the technical meaning of reliability.

10- vk;q ekud rFkk xzsM ekud esa mnkgj.k ds lkFk vUrj dhft, A

With examples, make distinction between Age norms and Grade.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­II, Paper­XIV (Clinical Psychology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

uSnkfud euksfoKku dh ifjHkk"kk nsa ,oa blds dk;Z {ks= dk o.kZu djsa A

Define clinical psychology and discuss its scope.

uSnkfud euksfoKku ds O;ogkjijd ekWMy dh O;k[;k djsa A

Discuss behavioural model of clinical psychology.

ekufld LokLF; rFkk ekufld jksx esa vUrj Li"V djsa A

Distinguish between mental health and mental illness.

dsl v/;;u fof/k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds xq.k ,oa nks"kksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What do you mean by Case Study method ? Describe its merits and demerits.

efLr"dh; {kfrxzLrrk dks ekius okys ijh{k.kksa dh uSnkfud mi;ksfxrkvksa ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Throw light upon the clinical uses of tins for evaluation of brain damage.

xkS.k fuokj.k ds izfr O;ogkjkRed mikxe ds fopkj/kkjkvksa ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Throw light upon the view point towards behavioural approach to secondary prevention.

euf'pfdRlk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds izeq[k y{;ksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What do you mean by psychotherapy ? Describe its major goals.

,Myj fpfdRlk if)fr ls viuh vfHkKrk n'kkZrs gq, mldh izHkko 'khyrk dh foospuk djsa A

Show your acquaintance with Adlerian Therapy and discuss its effectiveness.

fo:fp fpfdRlk D;k gS \ bldh fof/k ,oa vuqiz;ksx dk o.kZu djsa A

What is aversion therapy ? Describe its procedure and application.

10- Dyk;aV dsfUnzr fpfdRlk D;k gS \ blds ykHkksa rFkk vykHkksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What is client centered therapy ? Describe its advantages and disadvantages.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­II, Paper­XV (Organizational Psychology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456-

vkS|ksfxd euksfoKku dh fo"k; oLrq rFkk leL;kvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the subject matter and problems of industrial psychology.

deZpkjh p;u ds izfof/k ds :i esa lk{kkRdkj dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate interview as a technique of personnel selection.

vkS|ksfxd izf'k{k.k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds mís';ksa ;k y{;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you mean by industrial training ? Describe its purposes or goals.

dk;Z larqf"V ds gtZcxZ f}dkjd fl)kUr dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate Hertzberg's two factor theory of Job Satisfaction.

vkS|ksfxd Fkdku ds izeq[k dkj.kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the major causes of industrial fatigue.

lkekU; nq?kZVuk rFkk vkS|ksfxd nq?kZVuk esa D;k vUrj gS \ vkS|ksfxd nq?kZVuk ds dkj.kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What are the difference between general accident and industrial accident ? Describe the causes of industrial accidents.

789-

m|ksxksa esa fu"iknu&vkdyu dh vko';drk vFkok Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the need or role of performance appraisal in industries.

ekuo lalk/ku izcU/k dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, ,oa mlds eq[; y{k.kksa dks Li"V dhft, A

Define Human Resource Management and explain its main characteristics.

dk;Z&vfHkizsj.kk ds vko';drk inkuqØe fl)kUr dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, A

Examine critically the need hierarchy theory of work motivation.

10- laxBukRed euksfoKku rFkk laxBu&O;ogkj ds chp vUrjksa dks Li"V dhft, A

Explain the differences between organizational psychology and organizational behaviour.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Psychology}

Part­II, Paper­XVI (Guidance and Counselling) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12345-

funsZ'ku ds fofHkUu mís';ksa ,oa {ks=ksa ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Throw light on various aims and areas of Guidance.

funsZ'ku dk;ZØe dk iz'kklu fdl izdkj fd;k tkrk gS \ o.kZu djsa A

How is guidance programme administered ? Describe.

O;kolkf;d fodkl ds foHkUu mikxeksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Discuss the various approaches to vacatinal development.

'kSf{kd funsZ'ku ds vFkZ] fo'ks"krk,¡] y{; rFkk mís';ksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Discuss the meaning, Characteristics, Aims and objectives of Educational Guidance.

funsZ'ku izfof/k;ksa ds p;u ds le; fdu&fdu lko/kkfu;ksa dk /;ku esa j[kuk vko';d gS \ o.kZu djsa A

What precautions essentially be made in mind while selecting a guidance technique ? Discuss.

6789-

fusnsZ'ku dh vo/kkj.kkvksa ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Throw light on the postulates of guidance.

funsZ'ku dk;ZØe lsok D;k gS \ blds eq[; izdkjksa dk o.kZu djas A

What is guidance programme service ? Describe its main types.

lkeqnkf;d funsZ'ku dk;ZØeksa dh dk;kZUo;u gsrq vko';d lwpukvksa ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Throw light on information for implementation of community guidance programmes.

'kjhfjd :Ik ls fodykax yksxkas ds iquokZl dk;ZØe ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Throw light on rehabilitation programme of physically challenged people.

10- ijke'kZu D;k gSa \ blds Lo:Ik ,oa {ks= dh O;k[;k djasA

What is counselling ? Discuss its nature and scope.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology} Part­I, Paper­I

(Classical Sociological Tradition) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123456789-

if'peh lekt esa lekt'kkL= ds fodkl ij fucU/k fyf[k,A

Write an essay on the development of Sociology in Western Society.

Hkkjr esa lekt'kkL= ds fodkl dh izo`fr ij ,d fVIi.kh fyf[k,A

Write a note on the trend of development of Sociology in India.

dkyZ ekDlZ ds lkekftd ifjorZu ds fl)kUr dk ewY;kdau dhft,A

Evaluate the theory of Social change of Karl Marx.

dkyZ ekDlZ dh jktuhfrd 'kfDr dh vo/kkj.kk dk vkykspukRed foospu dhft,A

Critically discuss the concept of Political power of Karl Marx.

nq[khZe dk i)fr'kkL= fdu rF;ksa ij vk/kkfjr gS \ foospu dhft,A

On what facts are based methodology of Durkheim? Discuss.

oscj }kjk izfrikfjr oxZ] 'kfDr ,oa fLFkfr dh vo/kkj.kk dk ewY;kdau dhft,A

Evaluate the concepts of class, power and status as propounded by Weber.

eSDl oscj dh ckSf}d i`"BHkwfe ij fVIi.kh fy[ksaA

Write a note on intellectual background of Max Weber.

ijsVks }kjk izfrikfjr vo'ks"k ,oa HkzkUr rdZ dh vo/kkj.kk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k,A

Write an essay on Residues and Derivations as propounded by Pareto.

ijsVks ds thou rFkk ckSf)d i`"BHkwfe dk o.kZu dhft,A

Describe the life and intellectual background of Pareto. Write notes on any Two of the following: (i) vrkfdZd fØ;k (ii) /keZ dk fl)kUr (iii) ukSdj'kkgh (vi) ekDlZ dk oSpkfjd fl)kUr

£

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k,A

Non logical action Theory of Religion Bureaucracy Marx's theory of Ideology.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology} Part­I, Paper­II

(Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123-

lekt'kkL=h; fl)kUrksa ds lS)kUrhdj.k ds izeq[k Lrjksa dh foospuk dhft,A

Discuss the major levels of theorisation of sociological theories.

lekt'kkL=h; vuqla/kku ij fl)kUr ds izHkkoksa dh O;k[;k djsaA

Explain the impact of theory on sociological research.

lajpukRed fl)kUr esa jsMfDyQ czkÅu rFkk ,Q uSMsy ds ;ksxnku dk rqyukRed foospuk djsDiscuss comparatively the contributions of Redcliffe Brown and F. Nadel to structural theory.

4-

VkydV ikjlUl ds lajpuk dh ifjHkk"kk dh O;k[;k djsa rFkk lkekftd O;oLFkk dh iwoZ&vis{kkvksa dh foospuk djsaA

Explain talcott Parson's definition of structure and discuss functional prerequisites of Social System.

56789-

lajpukokn ls vki D;k le>rs gSa\ ysoh&LVªkl ds ekuo'kkL=h; lajpukokn dh O;k[;k djsaA

What do you understand by Structuralism? Explain the anthropological structuralism of Levi-Strauss.

lkekftd la?k"kZ ls vki D;k le>rs gSa\ MsgjsUMkQZ ds la?k"kZ fl)kUr dh O;k[;k djsaA

What do you understand by Social Conflict? Explain the conflict theory of Dahrendorf.

dksfyUl }kjk izfrikfnr la?k"kZ ds Jksrksa dk ewY;kadu djsaA

Evaluate the sources of conflict as propounded by Collins.

vYF;wtj ds lajpukRed ekDlZoknh mikxe dh foLr`r foospuk djsaA

Discuss in detail the Structural Marxism approach of Althusser.

izrhdkRed vUrfØ;kokj ls vki D;k le>rs gSa\ ehM ds izrhdkRed vUrfØ;kokn fl)kUr dk vykspukRed O;k[;k djsa

What do you understand by Symbolic Interactionism. Write notes on any Two of the following: (i) vkykspukRed fl)kUr Critical theory (ii) izdk;Zoknh fl)kUr Functional Theory (iii) gcZVZ Cywej Herberl Blumer (iv) ÝSadQVZ Ldwy Frankfurt School

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fy[ksa%&

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­I, Paper­III (Methodology of Social Research) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234-

lkekftd 'kks/k ls D;k le>rs gSa \ lekt'kkL= esa bldh vko';drk dk o.kZu djsa A

What do you understand by social research ? Discuss its need in Sociology.

lekt'kkL= ds oSKkfud ,oa ekuoh; ifjizs{;ksa dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate the scientific and hermeneutic perspectives of Sociology.

ifjdYiuk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds fofHkUu Lo:iksa dh foospuk djsa A

What do you understand by hypothesis. Discuss its various types.

oSKkfud i)fr dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, A lkekftd iz?kVukvksa ds v/;;u esa oSKkfud i)fr dk iz;ksx dgk¡ rd laHko gS \

Define scientific method. How far it is possible to use scientific method in the study of social phenomena ?

56789-

vxLr dkEV }kjk izfrikfnr izR;{kokn ds fl)kUr dk vkykspukRed O;k[;k djsa A

Critically analyse the theory of Positivism as propounded by August Comte.

xq.kkRed 'kks/k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dh foospuk djsa A

What do you understand by Qualitative Research ? Discuss its various methods.

O;fDrd v/;;u dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, rFkk blds lzksrksa vkSj xq.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Define case study and explain its sources and merits.

lkekftd losZ{k.k D;k gS \ blds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh foospuk djsa A

What is Social Survey ? Discuss its various kinds.

izfrp;u ls D;k le>rs gSa \ laHkkO; izfrp;u ds izdkjksa dk foospu djsa A

What do you understand by Sampling ? Discuss the types of Probability Sampling.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) iz'ukoyh (Questionnaire)

vUrZoLrq fo'ys"k.k (Content Analysis) (iii) la[;kRed fof/k (Quantitative Method) (iv) fu;fU=r voyksdu (Controlled Observation)

(ii)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­I, Paper­IV (Perspective of Indian Society) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

mikxe dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, rFkk Hkkjrh; ifjizs{; esa yqbZ M~;weks ds fopkjksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Define Approach and evaluate the views of Louis Dumont in Indian Context.

y?kq vkSj egku ijEijkvksa ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ xzkeh.k v/;;uksa esa bl fu:i.k dh O;k[;k djsa A

What do you understand by Little and Great Traditions ? Explain this formulation in village studies.

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Hkkjrh; fo|k mikxe rFkk lajpukRed mikxe dh rqyuk Hkkjrh; ifjizs{; esa djsa A

Compare Indological approach and structural approach in Indian Context.

ekDlZokn 'kkL=h; mikxe ij vius fopkj izLrqr djsa A

Give your views on Marxological approach.

Hkkjrh; lkekftd lanHkZ esa MhOE ihOE eq[kthZ ds fopkjksa dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the views of D. P. Mukherjee in Indian Social Context.

la;qDr ifjokj ds lanHkZ esa bjkorh dosZ ds ;ksxnku dk foospu djsa A

Discuss the contribution of Irawati Karve in the context of Joint Family.

Hkkjrh; lekt'kkL= ds ifjizs{; esa ,uOE dsOE cksl ds ;ksxnku dk o.kZu djsa A

Discuss the contribution of N. K. Bose in the context of Indian Sociology.

MkOE vEcsndj ds nfyr fpUru ij fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on subaltern perspective of Dr. Ambedkar.

ifjokj ds fl)kUr fuekZ.k dh u;h ijEijkvksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Discuss the new tradition of theory building on family.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) lkekftd vkUnksyu (Social Movement)

lE;kRed fopkj (Civilizational View) (iii) vuqlwfpr tkfr;k¡ (Scheduled Castes) (iv) if'pehdj.k (Westernization)

(ii)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­I, Paper­V (Sociology of Change and Development) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234-

lkekftd ifjorZu dh ifjHkk"kk nsa rFkk lkekftd ifjorZu ds fofHkUu dkjdksa dh foospuk djsa A

Define Social Change and discuss the various factors of Social Change.

lkekftd ifjorZu ds pØh; fl)kUr dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate the Cyclic theory of Social Change.

ledkyhu Hkkjr esa lkekftd ifjorZu dh izo`fÙk;ksa dk ijh{k.k djsa A

Examine the trend of social change in contemporary India.

lkekftd fodkl D;k gS \ lkekftd&vkÆFkd fodkl }kjk lekt fdl izdkj cnyrk gS \

What is Social Development ? How does society change due to socio-economic development ?

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dkyZ ekDlZ ds fodkl&fl)kUr ij fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on Development theory of Karl Marx.

v)Z&fodkl D;k gS \ v)Z&fodkl ds fl)kUrksa dh leh{kk djsa A

What is Underdevelopment ? Analyze the theories of Underdevelopment.

Hkkjr esa vkÆFkd fodkl ds eq[; vojks/kdksa dk foospu djsa A

Discuss the major barriers to economic development in India.

laLÑfr vkSj fodkl esa D;k lEcU/k gSa \ foospu djsa A

What is the relationship between Culture and Development ? Discuss.

fodkl ds lanHkZ esa iapo"khZ; ;kstukvksa dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate Five Year Plans in the context of development.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) vkS|ksxhdj.k (Industrialization)

lgdkfjrk vkUnksyu (Cooperative Movement) (iii) laiksf"kr fodkl (Sustainable Development) (iv) iw¡thoknh O;oLFkk (Capitalist System)

(ii)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­I, Paper­VI (Comparative Sociology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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rqyukRed lekt'kkL= ds {ks= esa laLÑfr ds v/;;u ds egÙo dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the importance of the study of culture in Comparative Sociology.

oxZ ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ oxZ&fodkl ds fofHkUu pj.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you understand by Class ? Discuss different stages of development of Class.

cgqyokn dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, A /kkÆed vkSj lkaLÑfrd cgqyokn esa vUrj crk,¡ A

Define Pluralism. State the difference between religions and cultural pluralism.

rqyukRed i)fr D;k gS \ rqyukRed i)fr ds egÙo dh ppkZ dhft, A

What is Comparative Method ? Discuss the importance of Comparative Method.

rqyukRed i)fr dh iwoZ&vko';drkvksa ij fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on pre-requisites of Comparative Method.

^Hkkjr ds fy;s lekt'kkL=* ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a note on 'For Sociology of India'.

rqyukRed lekt'kkL= ds {ks= esa Hkkjrh; lekt'kkfL=;ksa ds ;ksxnku dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the contributions of India Sociologists to the field of Comparative Sociology.

lajpukRed&izdk;kZRed mikxe ds lanHkZ esa vkUæs csrsbZ ds ;ksxnku dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the contribution of Andre Beteille in the context of structural-functional approach.

jk/kkdey eq[kthZ ds izknsf'kd lekt'kkL= dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss Regional Sociology of Radhakamal Mukherjee.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) vk/kqfudrk (Modernity) (ii)

lajpukRed folaxfr;k¡ (Structural Disparities) (iii) laLÑfr dh lajpuk (Structure of Culture) (iv) ,OE vkjOE nslkbZ (A. R. Desai)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­I, Paper­VII (Sociology of Region) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

{ks= dh lkaLÑfrd cukoV ls D;k le>rs gSa \ ,sfrgkfld ifjizs{; esa {ks= dh lkaLÑfrd cukoV dk foospu djsa A

What do you understand by Cultural Structure of a region ? Discuss the cultural structure of a region in historical context.

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iztkfr ,oa laLÑfr ds ifjizs{; esa {ks= dh fofo/krk dh O;k[;k djsa A

Analyze diversity of region in the context of race and culture.

{ks= ds lekt'kkL= dk vFkZ Li"V dhft, rFkk blds fo"k; oLrq dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain the meaning of Sociology of Region and discuss its subject matter.

{ks= ds lekt'kkL= ds v/;;u esa tujhfr;ksa ds egÙo dh ppkZ djsa A

Describe the importance of Folklore in the study of Sociology of region.

rqyukRed mikxe D;k gS \ {ks= ds lekt'kkL= esa bldk D;k egÙo gS \

What is Comparative Method ? What is its importance in Sociology of region.

{ks=h; lekt'kkL= esa vkadM+s ,d= djus ds lzksrksa dk fooj.k nsa A

Describe the sources of data collection in Sociology of region.

{ks=h; lekt'kkL= ds lanHkZ esa la?kkRed rFkk ,dkRed fopkjksa dh ppkZ djsa A

Describe Federal and Unitary views in the context of Sociology of Region.

leqnk; dh vo/kkj.kk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bldk lS)kfUrd i{k D;k gS \

What do you understand by the concept of community ? What is its theoretical aspect ?

{ks=h; laLÑfr rFkk lkaLÑfrd jk"Vªh;rk ij fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on regional culture and cultural nationalism.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) fnyrks)kj ifjizs{; (Dalitodhar dimension) (ii)

lkekftd vkUnksyu (Social movement) (iii) u`tkrh;rk (Ethnicity)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­I, Paper­VIII (Gender and Society) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

ifjokj eas efgykvksa dh fLFkfr dk o.kZu lkekftdj.k rFkk ySfxad Hkwfedkvksa ds lanHkZ esa djsa A

Describe the position of women in the context of Socialisation and Sex-roles

fL=;ksa dh eqfDr ds fy;s izeq[k ukjhoknh fl)kUrksa dh O;k[;k djsa A

Explain the major feminist theories for the freedom of women.

Hkkjr dk ukjhoknh vkUnksyu if'peh ns'kksa ds ukjhoknh vkUnksyu ls fdl izdkj fHkUu gS \ O;k[;k djsa A

How is Feminist Movement in India different from feminist movement of western countries ? Explain.

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,Uu vksdys dk lkaLÑfrd Je foHkktu ds fl)kUr ij fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on the theory of cultural division of labour of Ann Oakley.

efgykvksa ij HkweaMyhdj.k rFkk mnkjhdj.k ds izHkko dk foospu djsa A

Discuss the impact of Globalisation and liberalisation on women.

laxfBr {ks= esa dk;Zjr efgykvksa dh leL;kvksa dh O;k[;k djsa A

Explain the problem of women working in organised sector.

efgykvksa esa 'kSf{kd HksnHkko ds dkj.kksa dk foLr`r o.kZu dhft, A

Describe in detail the reasons of educational discrimination among women.

eqfLye efgykvksa esa rykd dh fLFkfr;ksa rFkk rjhdksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the conditions and ways of giving divorce among Muslim women.

efgykvksa ds fodkl esa ljdkj dh Hkwfedk dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the role of Government in the development of women.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) mRiknu&iqu:Riknu (Production-Reproduction) (ii)

fir`lÙkk (Patriarchy) (iv) ngst (Dowry) (iv) l'kfDrdj.k (Empowerment)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­II, Paper­IX (Environment and Society) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

ekDlZ ds ^jpukUrj.kh; njkj* ds fl)kUr dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, A

Critically evaluate Marx's theory of 'Metabolic right'.

fuEufyf[kr ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write notes on the following :­ (a) fVdkÅ fodkl dk fl)kUr (Theory of sustainable development) (b) fuHkZjrk fl)kUr (Dependency Theory)

34-

^izÑfr ,d lkekftd fufeZr gS*&;g dFku dgk rd lgha gS] crk,a A

'Nature is a social construction' ­ How far this statement is correct, describe.

i;kZoj.k iznw"k.k ls D;k le>rs gSa \ i;kZoj.k iznw"k.k dks jksdus ds izeq[k mik; D;k gSa \

What do you understand by environmental pollution ? What are the major measures to prevent environmental pollution ?

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tula[;k ,oa i;kZoj.k ds lEcU/k ij izdk'k Mkys A

Illuminate the relationship between population and environment.

foLFkkiu dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, rFkk foLFkkiu ds dkj.kksa dk foospu dhft, A

Define displacement and discuss the causes of displacement.

i;kZoj.kh;&fe= leqfpr izkS|ksfxdh D;k gS \ Hkkjr ds lanHkZ esa bldk foospu djsa A

What is environment­friendly appropriate technology ? Discuss it in Indian context.

fodkl'khy ns'kksa ds i;kZoj.kokn ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on environmentalism in developing countries.

ty izcU/ku D;k gS \ is;&ty leL;k dks dSls lqy>k;k tk ldrk gS \

What is Water Management ? How can problem of drinking water be solved ?

10- fuEufyf[kr eas ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) Hkwfe iznw"k.k (Land Pollution) (ii) tula[;k o`f) (Population Growth) (iii) ijk;kiu (Alienation) (iv) i;kZoj.kh; U;k; (Environmental Justice)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­II, Paper­X (Ethnicity, Pluralism and Nation) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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tutkrh; vkUnksyuksa dk foLrkj ls foopu dhft, A

Discuss ethnic (tribal) movements in detail.

iztkfrokn dh oSf'od vo/kkj.kk D;k gS \ foospu dhft, A

What is the global concept of ethnicity ? Discuss.

fofHkUu lkaLÑfrd lektksa dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the features of various multicultural societies.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; iyk;uokn ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on international migration.

oS'ohdj.k vkSj cgqy lkaLÑfrd lektksa ds fodkl dh izfØ;k dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the process of development of globalization and multi-cultural societies.

jk"Vª ls D;k le>rs gSa \ jk"Vª vkSj jk"Vª&jkT; esa D;k vUrj gS \

What do you understand by Nation ? What is the difference between a nation and a nation-state ?

789-

iztkfrfo"k;d vkRelkrdj.k ij ,d fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a note on ethnic assimilation.

lkekftd ruko D;k gS \ bls dSls nwj fd;k tk ldrk gS \

What is social tension ? How can it be removed ?

mifuos'kokn ds vUrxZr jk"Vª&jkT;ksa ds mn~Hko ds dkj.kksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Describe the reasons for the emergence of nation-states under colonialism.

10- Hkkjrh; laLÑfr ds fofHkUu igyqvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Describe the different aspects of Indian Culture.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­II, Paper­XI (Sociology of Popular Culture and Mass Communication) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

yksdfiz; laLÑfr ls D;k le>rs gSa \ yksdfiz; laLÑfr esa tulapkj dh Hkwfedk Li"V dhft, A

What do you understand by Popular Culture ? Explain the role of mass-media in Popular Cultrue.

23-

yksdfiz; laLÑfr rFkk lkekftd ,oa jktuSfrd vkUnksyu ds chp lEcU/k Li"V dhft, A

Explain the relationship between Popular Culture and Social and Political movements.

lwpuk ,oa tulapkj rduhd ds fodkl ds :i esa lekpkj i=ksa dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft, A

Describe the role of Newspapers as a means of development of information and communication technology.

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yksdfiz; laxhr ,oa mldh lkekftd igq¡p ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on Popular Music and its Social reach.

lkRehdj.k ls D;k le>rs gSa \ oSf'od laLÑfr;ksa esa lkRehdj.k dk mYys[k dhft, A

What do you understand by Syncretism ? Discuss Syncretism in global culture.

tulapkj ek/;eksa }kjk oSf'od laLÑfr ds izlkj.k dks Li"V dhft, A

Explain the diffusion of global culture through the means of mass media.

lkekftd eqíksa dh tkx`fr QSykus esa tulapkj dh Hkwfedk dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the role of mass media in the dissemination of awareness of social issues.

ijEijk D;k gS \ y?kq ,oa o`gr~ ijEijkvksa esa vUrj crkb, A

What is Tradition ? Explain the difference between Little and Great Traditions.

lekt ij yksd lkfgR; vkSj flusek ds egÙo dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the importance of folklore and cinema on society.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Çglk vkSj ehfM;k (Violence and Media) (b) oS'ohdj.k (Globalization) (c) lapkj rduhd (Communication technology) (d) foykl (Leisure)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­II, Paper­XII (Globalization and Society) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456-

oS'ohdj.k D;k gS \ oS'ohdj.k dh izÑfr vkSj xR;kRerk dh ppkZ dhft, A

What is Globalization ? Discuss the nature and dynamics of Globalization.

oS'ohdj.k dk vFkZO;oLFkk ij izHkkoksa dks Li"V dhft, A

Explain the impact of Globalization on economy.

lwpuk izks|kSfxdh esa xzkeh.k nwjlapkj dh Hkwfedk dks Li"V dhft, A

Explain the role of Rural tele-communication in information technology.

oS'ohdj.k esa lwpuk izks|kSfxdh dh nsuksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the contributions of information technology in globalization.

oS'ohdj.k esa cgqjk"Vªh; dEifu;ksa dh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the role of multinational corporations in globalization.

xSj ljdkjh laxBu ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ lekt ds fodkl vkSj dY;k.k esa xSj ljdkjh laxBuksa dh Hkwfedk dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you understand by Non-governmental organization (NGO) ? Discuss the role of NGO in the development and welfare of society.

78-

vUrjkZ"Vªh; laxBuksa dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, rFkk budh leL;kvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Define International Organizations and discuss their problems.

la;qDr jk"Vª cky&dks"k ¼;wfulsQ½ dh xfrfof/k;ksa dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, A

Critically explain the activities of United Nations International Children Emergency Fund (UNICEF).

9-

oS'oh; laLÑfr vkSj miHkksDrkokn ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on consumerism and global culture.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) tutkrh; fodkl (Tribal Development) (b) vUrjkZ"Vªh; eqæk dks"k (International Monetary Fund) (c) cktkj vkSj oS'ohdj.k (Market and Globalization) (d) ehfM;k ySc ,f'k;k (Media Lab Asia)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­II, Paper­XIII (Rural Society in India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456-

Ñ"kd lekt D;k gs \ Hkkjrh; Ñ"kd lekt dh lajpuk dk foospu djsa A

What is peasant Society ? Discuss structure of Indian peasant society.

xzkeh.k lekt esa ifjokj dh Hkwfedk ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on the role of family in rural society.

tkfr ls D;k le>rs gSa \ tkfr O;oLFkk ds dk;ksZa dk foopsu djsa A

What do you understand by Caste ? Discuss the functions of caste system.

[ksrh ds lk/ku ,oa Ñ"kd lEcU/k ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on Mode of production and agrarian relation.

Hkkjr esa Hkwfeghu Jfedksa dh leL;k dk fo'ys"k.k djsa A

Analyse the problems of handless labour in India.

iqufuekZ.k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ Hkkjrh; xzkeksa ds iqufuZekZ.k dh ;kstukvksa dk foospu djsa A

What do you understand by reconstruction ? Discuss the programmes of unconstruction of Indian villages.

789-

iapk;rh jkt dh vlQyrk ds dkj.kksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the causes of failure of Panchayati Raj.

Ñ"kd vkUnksyu D;k gS \ Hkkjr ds izeq[k Ñ"kd vkUnksyuksa dk laf{kIr o.kZu djsa A

What is Peasant movement ? Briefly describe major peasant movements in India.

fu/kZurk dh ifjHkk"kk nsa rFkk xzkeh.k fu/kZurk ds dkj.kksa dk mYys[k djsa A

Define poverty and discuss the causes of rural poverty.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k,A

Write notes on any Two of the following: (i) xzkeh.k xfr'khyrk (Rural mobility) (ii) lkekftd leL;k (Social Problem) (iii) tkfr dh fo'ks"krk (Characteristics of Caste) (vi) lkeqnkf;d fodkl dk;ZØe (Community Development Programme)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­II, Paper­XIV (Urban Society in India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

uxjh; lekt'kkL= ds {ks= esa VkWuht ds ;ksxnku dk vkykspukRed leh{kk dhft, A

Critically evaluate the contribution of Tonnies in the field of Urban Sociology.

xzkeh.k&uxjh; lkarR; ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bl lanHkZ esa jsMfQYM ds ;ksxnku dh ppkZ dhft, A

What do you understand by Rural-Urban Continuum ? Describe the contribution of Redfield in this context.

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vk/kqfud uxjksa ds fodkl ds lanHkZ esa cxsZl ds fl)kUr ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a note on the theory of Burgess in the context of growth of modern cities.

Hkkjr esa uxjhdj.k ds mHkjrs izfreku ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the emerging trends of Urbanization in India.

uxjksa ds fodkl esa m|ksx dh Hkwfedk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the role of Industry in the growth of cities.

tkfr O;oLFkk D;k gS \ tkfr O;oLFkk esa gks jgs ifjorZuksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

What is Caste System ? Describe the changes taking place in Caste System.

izokl ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ Hkkjr esa gks jgs izokl dk foospu dhft, A

What do you understand by Migration ? Discuss Migration taking place in India.

i;kZoj.k D;k gS \ uxjh; i;kZoj.k dh leL;kvksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

What is Environment ? Throw light the problems of Urban environment.

uxjh; fu;kstu ij ,d laf{kIr fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a short note on the Urban Planning.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k,A

Write notes on any Two of the following: (i) uxjh; xjhch (Urban Poverty) (ii) oxZ O;oLFkk (Class System) (iii) uxjh; lekt'kkL= (Urban Sociology) (vi) uxjh; ifjokj (Urban Family)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­II, Paper­XV (Sociology of Religion) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

/keZ ds lekt'kkL= dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk blds Lo:i dh ppkZ dhft, A

Define Sociology of Religion and discuss its nature.

fo'okl iz.kkyh ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds eq[; vk/kkj D;k gSa \

What do you understand by Belief System ? What are its bases ?

oscj ds fQuksesuksykWth fl)kUr dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate Weber's theory of Phenomenology.

ekDlZ ds bfrgkl dh HkkSfrdoknh /kkj.kk dh leh{kk dhft, A

Evaluate Marx's conception of Historical Materialism.

bLyke D;k gS \ bLyke /keZ dh fofHkUu lEiznk;ksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is Islam ? Explain the different sects of Islamic religion.

tSu /keZ esa bZ'oj dk LFkku fu:i.k dhft, A

Discuss the place of God in Jainism.

ckS)er ds /kkÆed lEiznk;ksa dk lkekU; fooj.k nhft, A

Give a general idea of the religious schools of Buddhist thought.

Hkkjr esa /kkÆed ifjizs{; esa ifo= O;fDrRo dh ppkZ dhft, A

Describe sacred personality in the religious context in India.

lkEiznkf;drk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ Hkkjr esa lkEiznkf;drk ds lkekftd ifj.kkeksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by Communalism ? Discuss the social consequences of Communalism in India.

10- iaFk fujis{krkokn ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bldh fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you understand by secularization ? Discuss the characteristics.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Sociology}

Part­II, Paper­XVI (Education and Society) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

f'k{kk ds lekt'kkL= dk vFkZ crkb, rFkk f'k{kk ds lekt'kkl= ,oa 'kSf{kd lekt'kkL= esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A

Give the meaning of Sociology of Education and elucidate the difference between Sociology of Education and Educational Sociology.

2345-

la?k"kZ fdls dgrs gSa \ la?k"kZ ds vkewy ifjorZuoknh n`f"Vdks.k dk mYys[k dhft, A

What is Conflict ? Discuss the radical perspective of conflict.

vUrÆØ;k D;k gS \ izrhdkRed vUrÆØ;k mikxe dh ppkZ dhft, A

What is Interaction ? Discuss Symbolic Interactionism approach.

f'k{kk ds {ks= esa jkT; ds vf/kdkj ,oa dÙkZO; dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Describe the rights and duties of State in the field of education.

lkekftd Lrjhdj.k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ lkekftd Lrjhdj.k esa f'k{kk dh Hkwfedk dk mYys[k dhft, A

What do you understand by social stratification ? Discuss the role of education in social stratification.

67-

fo|ky; ds fy, HkkSfrd vk/kkjHkwr lajpuk dh vko';drk dh ppkZ dhft, A

Describe the necessity of basic material structure of School.

ikB~;ppkZ ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ ikB~;ppkZ rFkk ikB~;Øe esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A

What do you understand by curriculum ? Explain the difference between curriculum and syllabus.

89-

ewY;kadu dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk ewY;kadu rFkk ekiu esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A

Define Evaluation and explain the difference between Evaluation and Assessment.

'kS{kf.kd volj dh lekurk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fL=;ksa dh f'k{kk dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdksa dk foospu dhft, A

What do you understand by Equality of Educational opportunity ? Discuss the factors affecting women's education.

10- lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh vkSj f'k{kk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on Information Technology and Education.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication} Part­I, Paper­I

i=dkfjrk ¼tulapkj ,oa i=dkfjrk dh vo/kkj.kk ,oa fodkl½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

lekpkj&i=ksa ds fodkl ij bysDVªkWfud ehfM;k ds izHkkoksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the impact of electronic media on the growth of Newspapers.

fdUgha nks dk fooj.k nsa %&

Discuss any two :­ (i) lekpkj i=ksa ds izdkj (Types of Newspaper) (ii) lekpkj i=ksa dk nkf;Ro (Responsibilities of Newspapers) (iii) lekpkj i=ksa dk LokfeRo (Ownership of Newspapers)

3-

^^i=dkfjrk ,d cgqr gh lqfoK ,oa ifj"Ñr O;olk; gS A vk/kqfud thou ds lHkh i{kksa ij bldk n`'; ,oa vn`'; izHkko gS A** bl dFku dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

"Journalism is a highly sophisticated and refined profession. It has its visible and invisible impact on all aspects of modern life." Examine this statement.

456-

lkekftd i=dkfjrk ds mn~xe ,oa fodkl ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on origin and growth of Social Journalism.

lkekftd i=dkfjrk ds {ks=] ;ksxnku ,oa egÙo dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss scope, contributions and importance of Social Journalism.

^^Hkkjr esa fQYe i=dkfjrk dh o`f) ,oa fodkl mfpr Lrj rd ugha gqvk gS**; bl dFku dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

"In India, growth and development of Film Journalism is not up to mark"; Examine this statement.

78-

cky i=dkfjrk ds mn~Hko ,oa fodkl ds bfrgkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Trace the history of origin and growth of Child Journalism in India.

tulapkj ,oa laLÑfr dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A tulapkj ,oa laLÑfr ds chp ds lEcU/k dh foospuk dhft, A

Define Mass Communication and Culture and discuss relation between Mass Communication and Culture.

9-

lwpuk ,oa vfHkO;fDr ds vf/kdkj ij vkykspukRed fVIi.kh fy[ksa A

Write a critical note on right to information and expression.

10- tulapkj ds fofo/k :iksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe in brief the various forms of Mass Communication.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication} Part­I, Paper­II

¼tulapkj ds fl)kUr½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

tulapkj ds fo|qrh; izfØ;k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ tulapkj ds fy, vko';d fofHkUu ek/;eksa dh foospuk dhft,A

What do you understand by electrical process of mass communication? Discuss various medium essential for mass communication.

23-

tulapkj ds vFkZxr fl)kUr dk ijh{k.k dhft,A

Examine the Semantic theory of Mass Communication.

tulapkj ds fofHkUu lzksrksa dk o.kZu dhft,A tulapkj ,oa tulapkj ds ikBdksa] Jksrkvksa ,oa n'kZdksa ds e/; lEcU/kksa dk Hkh foospu dhft,A

Describe the various sources of Mass Communication. Also discuss the linkage between the mass communication, the readers, listeners and viewer of mass communication.

45-

lapkj dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk lapkj dh izd`fr ,ao fof/k dk foospu dhft,A

Define communication and discuss nature and method of communication.

tulapkj ds fofHkUu vo/kkj.kkRed igyqvksa dh foospuk dhft, rFkk tualpkj ds ?kVdksa dk o.kZu dhft,A

Discuss the various conceptual aspect of mass communication and describe the various element of mass communication.

678-

tualpkj ds y{; ,oa dk;ksZa dk ijh{k.k dhft,A

Examine goal and functions of mass communication.

lkekftd ifjorZu D;k gS \ lkekftd ifjorZu ds fofHkUu dkjdksa dh foospuk dhft,A

What is social change? Discuss various factors of social change.

lekt ,oa tulapkj ds chp ds lEcU/kksa dh foospuk dhft, rFkk lekt ij tulapkj ds nq"izHkkoksa dk ijh{k.k dhft,A

Discuss the relation between society and mass communication and examine the adverse impact of mass communication on society.

9-

^^tuer u rks tu gS vkSj u rks er** bl dFku dks foLrkfjr dhft,A

"Public Opinion is neither Public nor opinion" Elaborate this Statement.

10- tulapkj ek/;eksa ds lkekftd lkaLÑfrd igyqvksa dh O;k[;k dhft,A

Explain the socio-cultural dimension of medium of mass communication.

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NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication} Part­I, Paper­III

¼tulapkj ds fy;s ys[ku % fizUV ehfM;k½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

izHkkoh ys[ku ds vko';d rÙo dkSu&dkSu gSa \ foospuk dhft, A

What are the essential elements of effective writing ? Discuss.

Qhpj dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A bldh fo'ks"krkvksa ,oa Lo:iksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define Feature. Discuss its characteristics and forms.

vPNs Qhpj ys[kd ds vko';d ;ksX;rkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A Qhpj ys[ku ds iwoZ D;k rS;kjh dh tkuh pkfg, \

Discuss the essential Qualities of good feature writer. What preparation should be made before feature writing ?

45-

ukVd ,oa dyk ds vU; fo/kkvksa esa vUrj Li"V dhft, rFkk ukVd ds izdkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Distinguish between drama and other schools of Art and describe the types of drama.

fuEukafdr dk o.kZu dhft, %&

Describe the following :­ (a) foKkiu ys[ku esa 'kh"kZd dk egÙo (Importance of Title in Advertisement Writing) (b) Hkkjrh; foKkiuksa ds fy, vkpkj lafgrk (Code of conduct for Indian Advertisements)

6-

^^lk{kkRdkj tulapkj dk ,d vko';d ;a= gS A** bl dFku dk ijh{k.k dhft, ,oa lk{kkRdkj ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

"Interview is an essential tool of Mass Communication". Examine this statement and describe different kinds of interview.

789-

laLej.k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ laLej.k ds oxhZdj.k dk mYys[k dhft, A

What do you understand by memoir ? Describe the classification of memoir.

tulEidZ ds {ks= ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on scope of Public Relations.

LrEHk ys[ku D;k gS \ LrEHk ys[ku ds lzksrksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is Column Writing ? Discuss the sources of Column Writing.

10- vkRedFkk ds vFkZ ,oa ifjHkk"kk dh foospuk dhft, A blds vko';d xq.kksa dh Hkh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the meaning and definition of Autobiography. Also describe its essential features.

ds i=­VIII dh izk;ksfxd ijh{kk dk;ZØe ds fy, Ñi;k ihNs ns[ksa A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication} Part­I, Paper­IV

¼tulapkj ds fy;s ys[ku % bysDVªkWfud ehfM;k½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

Vsyhfotu ds fy, Qhpj ys[ku rFkk U;wt isij ds fy, Qhpj ys[ku esa vUrj dhft, rFkk Vsyhfotu Qhpj ds fy, /ofu ,oa Nk;kadu ds egÙo dk mYys[k dhft, A

Distinguish between feature writing for Television and feature writing for Newspapers and state the importance of sound and photography for Television features.

2-

Vsyhfotu dk;ZØe esa dSejk lapkyu] /ofu izHkko ,oa laxhr ds egÙo ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on importance of camera handling, sound effect and music in Television Programme.

34-

Vsyhfotu dk;ZØe ds fp=&:id jpuk ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on Picture-Dramatic Composition of Television programme.

Vsyhfotu laoknnkrk ,oa lekpkj i= laoknnkrk ds chp ds ewy vUrjksa dh foospuk dhft, rFkk Vsyhfotu lekpkj ds izlkj.k esa laoknnkrk dh Hkwfedk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the basic differences between Television correspondence and Newspaper correspondence and describe the role of correspondence in telecast of television news.

56789-

,d mRÑ"V Vsyhfotu laoknnkrk ds vko';d xq.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the essential qualities of a good Television correspondent.

fizUV ehfM;k ds ys[ku ls jsfM;ks ds fy, ys[ku fdl izdkj fHkUu gS \ mnkgj.k ds lkFk le>kb, A

How is writing for radio different from that for print media ? Illustration with example.

jsfM;ks okrkZ fdl izdkj rS;kj gksrh gS \ jsfM;ks lekpkj ds fofHkUu lzksrksa dh foospuk dhft, A

How is radio take prepared ? Discuss various sources of radio news.

jsfM;ks izksxzke esa izLrqrhdj.k rduhd ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on presentation technique in radio programme.

mn~?kks"k.kk ys[ku ds iwoZ D;k rS;kfj;k¡ dh tkuh pkfg, \ mn~?kks"k.kk dh Hkk"kk ds egÙo dh foospuk dhft, A

What preparation should be made before announcement writing ? Discuss important of language of announcement.

10- fuEufyf[kr ij laf{kIr fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on the following :­ (a) ihl Vw dSejk (Piece to Camera) (b) MkWD;wesaVªh (Documentary) (c) Vhe LihfjV (Team spirit) (d) lh/kk izlkj.k (Direct Telecast)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication} Part­I, Paper­V

¼Qhpj ys[ku½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

lekpkj ,oa Qhpj ds chp ds ikjLifjd lEcU/kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk bu nksuksa esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A

Explain the reciprocal relations between News and Feature and differentiate between them.

23-

Qhpj dh fo'ks"krkvksa ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on characteristics of Features.

4-

foHksn dhft, (Distinguish between) :­ (a) fjiksrkZt ,oa Qhpj (Reportage and Features) (b) fucU/k ,oa Qhpj (Essay and Feature) Qhpj dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk Qhpj ys[ku dh lkr rkfRodksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain the concept of feature and discuss the seven essentials of feature writing.

56-

,d vPNs Qhpj ys[kd ds fof'k"V xq.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the specific qualities of a good feature writer.

Qhpj dks ,d egÙoiw.kZ fo|k D;ksa ekuk tkrk gS \ lkekftd Qhpj ys[ku dh izfØ;k dh foospuk dhft, A

Why feature writing is consider as an important field of knowledge ? Discuss the procedure of social feature writing.

7-

jsfM;ks Qhpj ds vFkZ ,oa Lo:i dk o.kZu dhft, rFkk jsfM;ks Qhpj ds ewy rÙoksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Describe meaning and nature of Radio Feature and discuss the basic elements of Radio Feature.

8-

^^i=dkjksa ,oa ys[kdksa ds fy, LoPNUn ys[ku ,d pqukSrh ds lkFk&lkFk ,d volj Hkh gS** A foLrkfjr dhft, A

Freelance writing is a challenge as well as an opportunity for journalists and writers. Elaborate.

9-

fcgkj esa m|ksx % n'kk ,oa fn'kk** ij ,d vkykspukRed fjiksVZ fyf[k, A

Write a critical report on "Industries in Bihar : Condition and Direction".

10- fQYe fuekZ.k esa iVdFkk ds egÙo dk mYys[k dhft, A iVdFkk ys[ku ds fofHkUu pj.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

State the importance of Screen play in film making. Discuss the various steps of screen play writing.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication} Part­I, Paper­VI

¼if=dk lEiknu½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

^^i=dkfjrk fopkjksa dh vfHkO;fDr dh Lora=rk ds vfrfjDr vkSj dqN ugha gS** A bl dFku dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

"Journalism is nothing but freedom of expression of opinion". Examine this statement.

23-

ifjorZu'khy i=dkfjrk ls vkidk D;k vk'k; gS \ i=dkfjrk dh Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by changeable journalism ? Discuss the role of journalism.

fo"k; fo'ks"k if=dk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fo"k; fo'ks"k if=dkvksa ds Hkfo"; ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

What do you mean by subject special magazine ? Write an essay on future of subject special magazines.

456-

ukV~; leh{kk ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ ukVd leh{kk ekun.M dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by review of drama ? Discuss the criterion for review of drama.

ukVd dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A blds mn~xe ,oa rÙoksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define Drama. Discuss its origin and elements.

fQYe leh{kk dh ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe dk mYys[k dhft, rFkk fQYe leh{kk ds lekt'kkL=h; izHkko dh foospuk dhft, A

State the historical background of film review and discuss the sociological effects of film review.

7-

iqLrd leh{kk dh fof'k"V fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft, rFkk fo'ys"k.kkRed iqLrd leh{kk ,oa ewY;kadukRed iqLrd leh{kk ds chp vUrjksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Discuss the specific features of Book Review and state the difference between analytical book review and evaluative book review.

8-

lEikndh; izcU/ku ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ lEikndh; izcU/ku esa foKkiu ds egÙo dk foospu dhft, A

What do you mean by editorial management ? Discuss importance of advertisement in editorial management.

9-

lekpkj i= ,oa if=dk esa vUrj dhft, rFkk if=dk ds izdkjksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Distinguish between Newspaper and Magazine and discuss types of Magazine.

10- foHksn dhft, (Distinguish between) :­ (a) okf.kT; lekpkj ,oa lkekU; lekpkj (Commercial News and General News) (b) lkekU; Qhpj ,oa okf.kT; Qhpj (General Feature and Commercial Feature)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication} Part­I, Paper­VII

¼xzkeh.k ,oa i;kZoj.k i=dkfjrk½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

xzkeh.k tulapkj dh vo/kkj.kk dh foospuk dhft, rFkk xzkeh.k tulapkj ds dk;ks± dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the concept of rural mass communication and explain the role of rural mass communication.

2345-

Hkkjr esa yksd dykvksa dh ijEijk ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on tradition of Folk Arts in India.

i;kZoj.k ds vFkZ ,oa ifjHkk"kk dk o.kZu dhft, rFkk i;kZoj.k ds /kVdksa dk foospu dhft, A

Explain the meaning and definition of environment and discuss components of environment.

izÑfr ,oa i;kZoj.k ds fo"k;ksa esa Hkkjrh; fpUru ,oa laLÑfr ij ,d fooj.kkRed fVIi.kh fy[ksa A

Write a descriptive note on Indian thinking and culture in respect of nature and environment.

fuEukafdr dk o.kZu dhft, (Describe the following) :­ (a) fpidks vkUnksyu (Chipko Movement) (b) lkbysUV oSyh (Silent Vally) xzkeh.k i=dkfjrk ds ,sfrgkfld ifjis{; dk foospu dhft, rFkk xzkeh.k i=dkfjrk ds orZeku fLFkfr dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the historical perspective of rural journalism and describe the present status of rural journalism.

6-

7-

xzkeh.k tulapkj ds {ks= esa vk/kqfud tulapkj ek/;eksa dh Hkwfedk Li"V dhft, A

Explain the role of modern mass communication medium in field of rural mass communication.

8-

xzkeh.k fodkl dh eq[; leL;k,¡ D;k gSa \ xzkeh.k fodkl esa tulapkj ek/;eksa dh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

What are the main problem of rural development ? Discuss role of mass communication medium in rural development.

9-

i;kZoj.k ¼laj{k.k½ vf/kfu;e] 1946 dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the Environment (Protection) Act., 1946.

10- xzkeh.k tulapkj dh lkekftd mi;ksfxrk ,oa lkekftd nkf;Ro dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the social utility and social responsibility of rural mass communication.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}

¼fo'o Lrj ij lekpkj txr½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­IX

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

fo'o izsl ls D;k vis{kk,¡ gSa \ fo'o izsl dh lQyrk ,oa foQyrk ij izdk'k Mkysa A

What are the expectations from World Press ? Through light on success and failure of World Press.

2-

lekpkj i=ksa ds LokfeRo ,oa fu;a=.k ds ckjs esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ Hkkjr esa izsl LokfeRo dh izÑfr dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you know about ownership and control of News Papers ? Discuss the nature of Press ownership in India.

3456-

vUrjkZ"Vªh; lekpkj txr ds ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the historical background of International News World.

nf{k.k ,f'k;k ds izsl dkuwuksa dk vkykspukred ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the press laws of South Asia.

izsl dh Lora=rk dh vo/kkj.kk dk vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, A

Critically explain the concept of freedom of press.

oS'ohdj.k ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ vkÆFkd oS'ohdj.k ,oa tulapkj ek/;eksa ds oS'ohdj.k esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A

What do you mean by globalization ? Distinguish between economic globalization and globalization of medium of mass communication.

789-

Hkkjr esa dscy ,oa lSVsykbV Vsyhfotu ds fodkl ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on development of Cable and Satellite Television in India.

fo'o esa jsfM;ks ds mn~Hko ,oa fodkl dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the emergence and growth of Radio in World.

caxykns'k esa tulapkj ,oa ubZ lwpuk izks|kSfxdh dh fLFkfr dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the status of mass communication and new information technology in Bangladesh.

10- ikfdLrku esa bysDVkWfud ehfM;k dh Lora=rk dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, A

Critically explain the freedom of electronic media in Pakistan.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}

¼JO;&n`'; tulapkj rduhd½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­X

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

Hkkjr esa jsfM;ks izlkj.k ds mn~Hko ,oa fodkl ds bfrgkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Trace the history of origin and growth of Radio Broadcast in India.

lekukUrj flusek ,oa O;kolkf;d flusek dh vo/kkj.kk dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk lekukUrj flusek dh Hkwfedk ,oa egÙo dh foospuk dhft, A

Define the concept of parallel cinema and commercial cinema and discuss the role and importance of parallel cinema.

3456-

izlkj Hkkjrh vf/kfu;e ds eq[; izko/kkuksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the main provisions of the Prasar Bharti Act.

Vsyhfotu izkS|ksfxdh ds ewy fl)kUrksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate the main Principles of Television Technology.

nwjn'kZu dh lajpuk ,oa izcU/k ij ,d fooj.kkRed fVIi.kh dhft, A

Write a descriptive note on the structure and management of Doordarshan.

jsfM;ks izlkj.k ds ik¡p egÙoiw.kZ rÙoksa dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk /ofu ek/;e dh lhek dk foospu dhft, A

Explain the five important factors of radio broadcast and discuss the limits of sound medium.

789-

vkdk'kok.kh dh izlkj.k lsokvksa ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on broadcasting services of Akashwani.

jsfM;ks izlkj.k esa Hkk"kk dk Lo:i] iz;ksx ,oa egÙo dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the nature, application and importance of language in radio broadcast.

Vsyhfotu ds funs'kd] ys[kd ,oa Nk;kdkj dh Hkwfedk] dk;Z ,oa mÙkjnkf;Roksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the role, functions and responsibilities of the director, the writer and the photographer of Television.

10- Hkkjr esa lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ds mn~Hko ,oa fodkl dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the origin and development of Information Technology in India.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}

¼fodklkRed tulapkj½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­XI

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

lapkj ,oa tulapkj dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk tulapkj dh Hkwfedk] {ks= ,oa egRo dh foospuk dhft, A

Define communication and mass communication and discuss role, scope and importance of mass communication.

23-

fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa fodklkRed tulapkj ds ,frgkfld ifjizs{; dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the historical perspective of communication in developing countries.

fodkl izfØ;k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fodkl izfØ;k esa fodklkRed tulapkj dh Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you understand by development process ? Discuss the role of developmental mass communication in development process.

456789-

Hkkjr esa lapkj ek/;eksa ds fodkl ij vkykspukRed fuca/k fy[ksa A

Write a critical essay on development of communication medium in India.

fodklkRed lekpkj ys[ku ds eq[; fcUnqvksa ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Through light on main points developmental news writing.

xzkeh.k fodkl ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ xzkeh.k fodkl dh fofHkUu leL;kvksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you mean by rural development ? Explain the various problems of rural development.

tulapkj ,oa laLÑfr ds chp ds vUr% laca/kksa ij ,d fuca/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on Inter-relationship between mass communication and culture.

Hkkjr esa Ñf"k ds fodkl esa fofHkUu lapkj ek/;eksa dh fof'k"V Hkwfedk dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the specific role of various communication medium in development of agriculture in India.

lk/kkj.khdj.k ds n'kZu ds ekSfyd rRoksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the basic elements of philosophy of generalization.

10- eqDr ,oa nwjLr f'k{kk esa vk/kqfud tulapkj ek/;eksa dh Hkwfedk ,oa egRo dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the role and importance of modern mass communication medium in open and distance learning.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}

¼eqæ.k] izdk'ku ,oa tulapkj izcU/ku½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­XII

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

mixzg ds ek/;e ls lekpkj i= izdk'ku ij ,d ys[k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on Newspaper Publication through Satellite.

Hkkjr esa eqæ.k ds fodkl ,oa o`f) dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the growth and development of Printing in India.

gLr la;kstu ,oa QksVks la;kstu ds ckjs esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ blds ykHk&gkfu;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you know about hand composing and photo composing. Discuss their merits and demerits.

4-

fuEufyf[kr dk o.kZu dhft, (Describe the following) :­ (i) MhOEVhOEihOE ¼MsLdVkWi ifCyÇlx½

D.T.P. (Desktop Publishing) (ii)

MkWl ¼fMLd vkWijsÇVx flLVe½

DOS (Disk Operating System)

567-

izwQ 'kks/ku D;k gS \ izwQ ds fofHkUu izdkjksa ,oa izwQ 'kks/ku dh izfØ;k dk foospu dhft, A

What is proof reading ? Discuss the various types of proof and process of proof reading.

Hkkjr esa lekpkj i= izcU/k laxBu ds ,sfrgkfld i`"BHkwfe dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the historical background of Newspaper management organization in India.

foKkiu dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk foKkiu ds fofHkUu ek/;eksa dh O;k[;k mudh fo'ks"krkvksa vkSj lhekvksa ds lkFk dhft, A

Define advertisement and explain the various medium of advertisement with their features and limitations.

89-

lekpkj i= laxBu esa izlkj ,oa foKkiu foHkkx dh Hkwfedk ,oa egÙoksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the importance of Publishing and Advertisement department in a newspaper organization.

cNkor ost cksMZ dh eq[; flQkfj'kksa dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the main recommendation of Bachchawat Wage Board.

10- Hkkjrh; izsl ifj"kn~ ds bfrgkl dk laf{kIr fooj.k nhft, A

Describe in brief the history of press council of India.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}

Part­II, Paper­XIII

/k½ ¼tulapkj 'kks/k½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

'kks/k ,oa oSKkfud vuqla/kku dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, \ tulapkj 'kks/k dh izklafxdrk ,oa mi;ksfxrk dh foospuk dhft, A

Define is research and scientific investigation ? Discuss relevance and utility of mass communication research.

234567-

tulapkj 'kks/k ds fofHkUu pj.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the various steps of mass communication research.

'kks/k ds xos"k.kkRed fof/k dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain exploratory method of research.

tulapkj 'kks/k ds losZ{k.k fof/k dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the survey method of mass communication research.

fooj.kkRed 'kks/k ds fo"k; esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ blds eq[; pj.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you know about Descriptive Research ? Explain its main steps.

'kks/k v/;;u ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on "Research Study".

'kks/k esa fo"k;fu"Brk D;ksa vko';d gS \ 'kks/k esa fo"k;fu"Brk dks izHkkfor djus okys dkjdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Why objectivity is essential in research. Discuss the factors influencing objectivity in research.

89-

,sfrgkfld losZ{k.k fof/k dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk blds mís'; dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain historical survey method and discuss its objective.

'kks/k leL;k ds lzksr ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on sources of research problem.

10- iz{ksih rduhd D;k gS \ bldh fo'ks"krkvksa ,oa izdkjksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is projective technique ? Discuss its features and types.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Journalism and Mass Communication}

¼tulapkj 'kks/k rduhd½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­XIV

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A leku

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

fooj.kkRed 'kks/k dh ifjdYiuk ds fo"k; esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ fooj.kkRed 'kks/k esa fufgr fofHkUu pj.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you know about descriptive research hypothesis. Discuss the various steps involved in descriptive research.

2345-

tulapkj 'kks/k dh ifjdYiuk ds lzksrksa ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on sources of hypothesis of mass communication research.

iz;ksxkRed 'kks/k dh ifjdYiukvksa ds izdkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the types of experimental research hypothesis.

uewuk rduhd ds ckjs esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ uewuk p;u ds pj.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do know about sample technique ? Discuss steps of sample selection.

laHkkO;rk uewuk rduhd ,oa vlaHkkO;rk uewuk rduhd dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk vlaHkkO;rk uewuk rduhd ds izdkjksa dh foospuk muds xq.k&nks"kksa ds lkFk dhft, A

Define probability sample technique and non-probability sample technique and discuss types of non-probability sample technique with their merits and demerits.

67-

lekUrj ek/; dh x.kuk dh fof/k dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the method of calculation of Arithmetic mean.

e/;dk D;k gS \ e/;dk ds x.ku dh fof/k dh foospuk dhft, A

Define median and discuss method of calculation of median. Or,

uhps 20 fo|kÆFk;ksa ds i=dkfjrk ,oa tulapkj ikB~;Øe esa izkIrkad dhft, A (Calculate Median) Øe la[;k (S.No.) 1 2 3 4 5 6 izkIrkad (Marks) 'X' 25 28 29 30 32 33 Øe la[;k (S.No.) 11 12 13 14 15 16 izkIrkad (Marks) 'Y' 46 47 48 51 52 53

fn, x, gSa A e/;dk Kkr 7 33 17 54 8 35 18 60 9 42 19 65 10 45 20 72

89-

vifdj.k D;k gS \ vifdj.k dh eki ds mís'; ,oa egÙo dh foospuk dhft, A

What is dispersion ? Discuss objective and importance of measurement of dispersion.

lglEcU/k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk ;Fkk lglEcU/k fu/kkZfjr djus dh fof/k;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define correction and describe the method of determination of correction.

10- tulapkj 'kks/k ds fl)kUr dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the principle of mass communication research.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­I, Paper­I (State, Society and Public Administration) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

jkT; dh vo/kkj.kk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A bl lanHkZ esa uhRls] fgxsy] ekSfjl rFkk MsfoM gsYM ds fopkjksa dk Hkh mYys[k dhft, A

Examine the concept of State. Also, describe the views of Nitzsche, Hegel, Morris and David Held in the connection.

2-

lekttU; laLÑfr yksd iz'kklu dks dsls izHkkfor djrh gS \ fiVlZ ds fopkjksa ds lanHkZ esa bldh O;k[;k dhft, A

How does the societal culture affect administration ? Explain it in the context of Peter's views.

3456789-

lekt&jkT; lEcU/kksa ij ekDlZoknh fopkjksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the Marxist views on Society-State relationship.

uo mnkjoknh jkT; dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the characteristics the Neo-Liberal State.

vk/kqfud jkT; ds vkykspd ds :i esa xk¡/khth ds fopkjksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate Gandhiji views as a critique of Modern State.

ukxfjdksa ,oa iz'kklu ds e/; vUrj dk;ks± dks fu/kkZfjr djus okys ekin.Mksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Describe the norms governing the interaction between citizens and administration.

lwpuk ds vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e dh fØ;kfUofr dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the implementation of Right to Information Act.

yksd iz'kklu ds v/;;u esa lkekftd lekurk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine social equity in Public Administrative Studies.

Hkkjrh; ekuokf/kdkjksa dh fØ;kfUofr ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the implementation of human rights in India.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) vksecMleSu (Ombudsman) (b) lkekU; fgr vkjaHk.k ¼d+kWeu dkWt bfufl;sfVo½ baxyS.M] Initiative England, 1994) (c) Hkkjr esa efgyk f'k'kq dh fLFkfr (Status of Girl child in India)

1994 (Common Cause

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­I, Paper­II (Bureaucracy and Good Governance) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

lsohra=h; iz'kklu dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the features of Bureaucratic Administration.

lkekftd U;k; ds O;kogkfjd i{kksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the social aspects of Justice.

Hkkjrh; jkT; ds le{k mifLFkr eqíksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the issues before the Indian State.

lsohra= ¼C;wjksØslh½ dh Hkwfedk dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Delineate the role of Bureaucracy.

eSDloscj dh C;wjksØslh dh vo/kkj.kk D;k gS \ bldh pqukSfr;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What is the concept of Maxweber's Bureaucracy ? Describe its challenges.

lsohra=h; lq/kkj ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ ;g D;ksa vko';d gS \

What do you mean by the Bureaucratic reforms ? Why is it necessary reforms ?

ySjh Mk;eaM }kjk izfrikfnr ukxfjd lekt ds dk;ks± dk mYys[k dhft, A

Describe the functions of civil society as propounded by Larry Diamond.

yksd 'kklu dh vUrjk"Vªh;rkdj.k dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the internationalization of Public Governance.

'kklu ,oa lq'kklu ds e/; vUrj crykb, A lq'kklu ds egÙo dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Point out the difference between governance and good governance. Delineate the significance of good governance.

10- fo/kk;h lq/kkjksa dh vko';drk dk foospu Hkkjrh; lanHkZ esa dhft, A

Discuss the desirability of legislative reforms in the Indian Context.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­I, Paper­III (Classical Administrative Theory) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

yksd iz'kklu ,oa futh iz'kklu ds e/; lekurkvksa ,oa vlekurkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the similarities and differences between Public Administration and Private Administration.

23456789-

gsujh Qs;ksy }kjk izfrikfnr laxBu ds fl)kUrksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the principles of organization as propounded by Henary Fayol.

iz'kkldh; fl)kUr ds mn~Hko ,oa fodkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Delineate the evolution and growth of Administrative Theory.

yksd iz'kklu esa fl)kUr fuekZ.k dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate theory Building in Public Administration.

oSKkfud izcU/ku fl)kUr dh izklafxdrk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the relevance of Scientific Management Theory.

iz'kklu ds lkekU; fl)kUrksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Describe the general principles of organization.

lsohra= dh e;kZnkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the limits of Bureaucracy.

laxBu ds izdkjksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the type of organization.

gtZoxZ rFkk eSLyks izfrekuksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss Herzberg and Maslow models.

10- ikjEifjd ,oa vf/kxe laxBuksa ds e/; vUrj crykb, A

Point out differences between Traditional and Learning Organizations.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­I, Paper­IV (Contemporary Administrative Theory)

¼lelkef;d iz'kkldh; Çprd½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft,A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A nhft,A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

gtZcxZ dh eq[; jpukvksa dk mYys[k dhft, rFkk vfHkizsj.kk LokLF; fl)kUr dk foospu dhft, A

Describe the major works of Herzberg. Discuss the Motivation-Hygiene Theory.

234-

fl)kUr ,Dl (x) vkSj fl)kUr okbZ (y) ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you mean by theory x and theory y ? Explain.

foDVj ozwe ds fopkjksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the views of Victor Vroom.

cUn O;oLFkk iz.kkyh ,oa eqDr O;oLFkk iz.kkyh dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk budh fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Define the Closed System Model and Open System Model and describe their features.

56789-

vkjxsfjl ds iz'kkldh; fopkjksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the administrative views of Argyris.

iz'kklu ds vk;kr&fu;kZr izfreku dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the input-output model of administration.

laxBukRed laLÑfr D;k gS \ bl laLÑfr ds dk;ks± dk o.kZu dhft, A

What is organizational culture ? Discuss the functions of this culture.

laxBukRed laLÑfr ds fofHkUu ?kVdksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the various components of organizational culture.

uo yksd iz'kklu ds y{;ksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the goals of New Public Administration.

10- uo yksd izcU/ku ifjis{; dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the features of New Public management perspectives.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­I, Paper­V (Public System of Management)

U/ku½ ¼yksd O;oLFkk izcU/ku½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft,A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A nhft,A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

yksd O;oLFkk izcU/ku esa uo nf{k.kiaFkh fopkj/kkjk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the New Right Philosophy in Public System management.

yksd lsokvksa dh cnyrh gq;h izÑfr dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the changing nature of Public Services.

Hkkjrh; yksd O;oLFkk izcU/ku esa lafo/kkusÙkj vk;ksxksa ds dk;ks± ,oa Hkwfedk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the features and role of the extra Constitutional Commissions in Indian Public System Management.

4-

Hkkjr esa yksd O;oLFkk izcU/k esa lwpuk ds vf/kdkj ds dk;Zdj.k dh leh{kk dhft, A

Review the working of the Right of Information Act. in Public System Management in India.

56789-

fu;ked jkT; D;k gS \ Hkkjr ds lanHkZ esa bldh Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft, A

What is areaulatory State ? Discuss its role with reference to India.

Hkkjr ds fof'k"V lanHkZ esa iz'kklu esa uo izkS|ksfxdh dh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the role of New Technology in governance with special reference to India.

'kklu dh vo/kkj.kk dh Hkwfedk lanHkkZRed iz;ksxksa ds lanHkZ esa foospu dhft, A

Discuss the concept of governance in contextual usage.

'kklu ds fofHkUu izfrekuksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate its various models of governance.

Hkkjr esa ,sfrgkfld ifjis{; esa lsohra= ,oa jktuSfrd dk;Zikfydk ds e/; lEcU/kksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the relationship between Bureaucracy and historical perspective in India.

10- vUrj 'kkldh; lEcU/k D;k gS \ blds vFkZ] egÙo ,oa izfrekuksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is inter governance relation ? Discuss its meaning, importance and models.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­I, Paper­VI (Strategic Management Refroms and Empowerment)

l'kfDrdj.k½ ¼j.kuhfrd izcU/ku] lq/kkj ,oa l'kfDrdj.k½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft,A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A nhft,A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

j.kuhfrd izcU/ku ds fofHkUu Ldwyksa dh fopkj/kkjkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the thought of various schools in strategic management.

izkstsDV izcU/ku thoupØ ds ?kVdksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the components of Project Management life cycle.

lwpuk iz.kkyh izcU/ku dh lajpuk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the structure of the management of Information System.

dk;Z&ekiu ds ewyHkwr pj.kksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate the basic steps in work measurement.

ekuo lalk/ku fodkl foi.ku D;k gS \ blds fofHkUu vo;oksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

What is marketing Human Resource Development ? Examine its different contents.

MsYQh rduhd dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain Delphi technique.

mÙkjnkf;Ro ds izdkj ,oa lk/kuksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the types and tools of Accountability.

ukxfjdksa }kjk eksfuVÇjx D;k gS \ blds eq[; fl)kUrksa dks fyf[k, A

What is citizens' monitoring ? Write down its main principles.

yksd&futh lk>snkjh dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k lksnkgj.k dhft, A

Explain, with examples, the concept of Public-Private Partnership.

10- Hkkjr esa lwpuk dk vf/kdkj vf/kfu;e] 2005 dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A Hkkjr esa blds egÙo dk foospuk dhft, A

Examine the features of the Right to Information Act. 2005. Also discuss its importance in India.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­I, Paper­VII (Human Resource Management­I) ¼ekuo lalk/ku izca/ku­I½ Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft,A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A nhft,A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234567-

ekuo lalk/ku izca/ku dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, ,oa bldh fo'ks"krkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Define Human Resource Management and explain its characteristics.

j.kuhfr D;k gS \ j.kuhfrd 'kks/k ds fofHkUu Ldwyksa dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

What is Strategy ? Delineate the various schools of Strategic research.

j.kuhfrd ekuo lalk/ku izca/ku ds fofHkUu mikxeksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the various approaches to the Strategic Human Resource Management.

ekuo lalk/ku izca/ku ds fu;kstu {ks=ksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the Planning Areas of the Human Resource Management.

ekuo'kfDr fu;kstu dh vko';d 'kÙkks± dk mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate the requirements of Manpower Planning.

dk;Z fo'ys"k.k ds mís';ksa ,oa izfrQyksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the Purpose and Outcome of Job Analysis.

Hkkjr esa la?k yksd lsok vk;ksx ds xBu] dk;ks± ,oa Hkwfe dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the organization, functions and role of the Union Public Service Commission in India.

89-

vesfjdk] fczVsu rFkk Hkkjr esa izksUufr iz.kkyh dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the features of Promotion System in USA, England and India.

ekuo lalk/ku izcU/ku esa fu"iknu izcU/ku ds egÙo dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the significance of Performance Management in Human Resource Management.

10- ikfjJfed ds fl)kUrksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the Principles of Remuneration.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­I, Paper­VIII (Human Resource Management­II) ¼ekuo lalk/ku izca/ku­II½ Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft,A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A nhft,A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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lh[kus dh izfØ;k ds mikxeksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the approaches to the Process of Learning.

izca/ku fodkl esa izf'k{k.k ,d egRoiw.kZ ?kVd gS A O;k[;k dhft, A

Training is an important component of the management development. Explain.

{kerk fuekZ.k ds mís';] egRo ,oa izfØ;k dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the objectives, significance and process or capacity building.

iw.kZ mRÑ"V izca/ku ,oa ikjEifjd izca/ku ds e/; vUrj Li"V dhft, A

Elucidate the difference between Total Quality Management and Traditional Management.

izcU/ku esa dÆe;ksa dh lgHkkfxrk D;ksa vko';d gS \ O;k[;k dhft, A

Why is the Worker's Participation in management necessary ? Explain.

ekuo lalk/ku izcU/ku esa Jfed la?kksa dh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the role of Trade Unions in Human Resource Management.

mRÑ"Vrk pØ D;k gS \ bldh lajpuk ,oa mís';ksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is quality circle ? Explain the structure and objectives of Quality Cycle.

Hkkjr esa la;qDr izcU/ku ifj"kn~ ds xBu] dk;ks± ,oa Hkwfedk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the organization, functions and role of the Joint Management Council in India.

lkewfgd lkSnsckth dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A blds izdkjksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Define Collective Bargaining. Describe its types.

10- vkS|ksfxd 'kkafr ds fy, dkSu&dkSu lh vko';d 'kÙks± gSa A D;k os Hkkjr esa ekStwn gSa \

What are the essential conditions for Industrial Peace ? Are they present in India ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­II, Paper­IX (Principles of Public Policy)

¼yksduhfr ,oa fo'ys"k.k½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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uhfr vkxr] uhfr fuxZr ,oa uhfr izfrQy dh vo/kkj.kkvksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the Concepts of Policy Input, Policy Output and Policy Outcome.

yksduhfr vf/keku D;k gS \ lksnkgj.k oSdfYid vf/kekuksa dk foospu dhft, A

What is Public Policy Choice ? Discuss alternative choices with examples.

fu.kZ; fuekZ.k ds rkÆdd izfreku dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the Rational Model of decision making.

uhfr foKku ,oa lkekftd foKku ds e/; lEcU/kksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the relationship between Policy Science and Social Science.

vUrj&'kkldh; lEcU/kksa ds fofHkUu izfrekuksa dk foospu js[kkfp=ksa ds vk/kkj ij dhft, A

Discuss the various models of inter governmental relations on the basis of Diagrams.

Hkkjr ds ;kstuk vk;ksx ds xBu] dk;ks± ,oa Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the organization, functions and role of the Planning Commission in India.

Hkkjr ds eaf=eaMy lfpoky; ds xBu] dk;ks± ,oa Hkwfedk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the organization, functions and role of the Cabinet Secretariat of India.

Hkkjr ls mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa lfgr] ukxfjd lekt laxBu ds izdkjksa dk] foospu dhft, A

Discuss the typology of civil society organizations with suitable examples from India.

lgL=kCnh fodkl y{; ¼,eOEMhOE,pOE½ dh izkfIr ds fy, Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk fd, x, dk;ks± dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the work done by the Government of India for achieving Millennium Development Goal (M.D.H.).

10- fu.kZ; fuekZ.k D;k gS \ blds fofHkUu rjhdksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What is decision making ? Describe its various mechanisms.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­II, Paper­X (Public Policy and Analysis)

¼yksduhfr ,oa fo'ys"k.k½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

uhfr;ksa dh fØ;kfUofr esa 'kkldh; laxBuksa dh Hkwfedk ,oa nkf;Roksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the role and responsibilities of administrative organizations in the implementation of Policies.

23456-

uhfr;ksa dh fØ;kfUofr ls lEcfU/kr dkSu&dkSu lh leL;k,¡ gSa \ mudh O;k[;k dhft, A

What are the problems associated with policy implementation ? Explain them.

uhfr&vuqJo.k ¼eksfuVÇjx½ ds fofHkUu mikxeksa dk la{ksi esa o.kZu dhft, A

Describe, in brief, the various approaches to policy monitoring.

uhr&vuqJo.k ¼eksfuVÇjx½ ds rduhdksa dk foospu dhft, A muesa ls dkSu ,d loksZÙke gS \

Discuss the techniques of policy monitoring. Which one of them is the best.

dk;ZØe ewY;kadu D;k gS \ dk;ZØe ewY;kadu ds fy, dkSu ls vfHkdj.k gS \

What is programme evaluation ? What are the agencies for programme evaluation ?

uhfr&izHkko dh vo/kkj.kk dk foospu dhft, A bl lEcU/k esa leL;kvksa ,oa lq>koksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Discuss the concept of Policy Impact. Also enumerate the problems and suggestions in the connection.

789-

uhfr&fo'ys"k.k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A blds izdkjksa dk Hkh foospu dhft, A

Define policy analysis. Also discuss its types.

ykxr&ykHk fo'ys"k.k ds xq.kksa ,oa e;kZnkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the advantages and limitations of Cost-Benefit analysis.

vf/kdre fuxZe dks Kkr dhft, ftlesa v/kksfyf[kr ykHk dk;ks± ds fy, vf/kdre ykHk gks A = ­ 20 + 150Q ­ 5Q² tgk¡ ldy ykHk gS ,oa Q fuxZe Lrj gS A

Find out the optimum output that maximizes profit for the following profit function. = ­ 20 + 150Q ­ 5Q² where is the total profit and Q is the output level.

10- 1999&2004 esa Hkkjr ljdkj dh fofuos'k uhfr dk laf{kIr fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Present a brief description of the Disinvestment Policy of the Government of India during the period 1999­2004.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­II, Paper­XI (Principles and Practice of Democratic Decentralization) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12345-

yksdrkaf=d fodsUnzhdj.k ds egRo dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the significance of Democratic decentralisation.

Hkkjr esa fodsUnzhdj.k ds laoS/kkfud igyqvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the Constitutional dimensions of Decentralisation in India.

yksdrkaf=d fodsUnzhdj.k ds lkekftd lanHkZ ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bldh O;k[;k dhft, A

Who do you understand by Social Context of Democratic decentralization ? Explain it.

Hkkjr esa uxjh; ladV ds dkj.kksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate the causes of urban crisis in India.

^^yksdrkaf=d fodsUnzhdj.k dk vkfFkZd lanHkZ vR;Ur egRoiw.kZ gS A** D;k vki bl dFku ls lger gSa \ rdZ nhft, A

"The economic Context of Democratic decentralization is very important". Do you agree with the statement ? Advance arguments.

6789-

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ds 73osa la'kks/ku dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the features of the 73rd Amendment of the Indian Constitution.

fodsUnzhÑr fodkl ds fofHkUu ?kVdksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the various components of Decentralized development.

Hkkjr esa vkS|ksfxd uhfr ,oa fuos'k ls lEcUf/kr lq/kkjksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the reforms concerning Industrial Policy and Investment of India.

f'k{kk ds {ks= esa LFkkuh; izkf/kdkjksa ,oa fof'k"V mís'kh; vfHkdj.kksa ds e/; lk>snkjh ds egRo dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the significance of the partnership between Local authorities and Special Purpose Agencies in Education Sector.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i)

I;wjk la;kstu lk>snkjh (PURA Connectivity Partnership) (ii) Loa; lgk;rk lewg (Self Help Groups) (iii) ftyk fu;kstu lfefr (District Planning Committee) (iv) Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dh 7oha vuqlwph (7th Schedule of the Indian Constitution)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­II, Paper­XII (Local Governance in India)

¼Hkkjr esa LFkkuh; 'kklu½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

lq'kklu ds ,d izfreku ds :i esa fnYyh ljdkj dh Hkkxhnkjh O;oLFkk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss Bagidari System of Delhi Government as a model of good governance.

Hkkjr esa jktuhfrd Lrj ij yksdrkaf=d fodsUæhdj.k ds fy, fd;s x;s iz;Ruksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the steps taken for the Political Democratic Decentralization at Political Level in India.

Hkkjr esa uxjh; LFkkuh; 'kklu ds mn~Hko ,oa fodkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A uxjh; iz'kklu ds izeq[k eqíksa dk Hkh mYys[k dhft, A

Delineate the origins and development of Urban Local Government in India. Also, discuss the important issues in urban governance.

4-

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku dh 11oha vuqlwph }kjk izLFkkfir vUr% Lrjh; mÙkjnkf;Roksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the Intra-tier responsibilities introduced by the Eleventh Schedule of the Indian Constitution.

56789-

Hkkjr esa xfr'khy uxjh; fu;kstu ds fy, egÙoiw.kZ vko';drkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the important requirements of dynamic urban planning in India.

fodkl'khy fu;kstu dh vo/kkj.kk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the concept of Developmental Planning.

Hkkjr esa y?kqLrjh; fu;kstu ds vojks/kdksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the constraints in Micro-level planning in India.

Hkkjr ds ;kstuk vk;ksx }kjk ;Fkk fuÆer 11oha ;kstuk ds izkFkfedrkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the Priorities of the 11th Plan as prepared by the Planning Commission of India.

^^LFkkuh; fudk;ksa ds lQy dk;Zdj.k ds fy, lk/ku egÙoiw.kZ gSa A** vk; ds lk/kuksa ds lanHkZ esa bl dFku dh O;k[;k dhft, A

"Resources are most important for the successful working of local bodies". Explain the statement with reference to the sources of revenue.

10- ^^'kfDr fuekZ.k ds fy, lkeqnkf;d l'kfDrdj.k vko';d gS A** lksnkgj.k O;k[;k dhft, A

"Community empowerment is necessary for Capacity Building". Explain with examples.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­II, Paper­XIII (E-Governance)

¼bZ&iz'kklu½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

bZ&'kklu ,oa bZ&ljdkj ds e/; D;k vUrj gS \ bZ&'kklu LekVZ 'kklu dh LFkkiuk esa dSls lgk;d gS \

What is the difference between e-governance and e-government ? How does e-governance help the establishment of the SMART governance ?

23-

lwpuk ,oa lapkj ds {ks= esa iz;qDr gksus okys egÙoiw.kZ ,oa mi;ksxh izkS|ksfxdh dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the important and useful technologies used in the areas of Information and Communication Technology.

czkmÇtx dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A lwpuk ,oa lapkj izkS|ksfxdh ds lanHkZ esa fofHkUu iz;ksxksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Define Browsing. Enumerate the various applications of information and communication technology.

4567-

ijEijkxr iz'kklu ,oa bysDVkWfud iz'kklu ds e/; foHksnksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the differences between traditional administration and electronic administration.

iz'kkldh; laxBu laLÑfr ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds egRo dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you mean by Administrative Organization Culture ? Explain its importance.

Hkkjr esa Ñf"k ds {ks= esa lwpuk ,oa lapkj izkS|ksfxdh ds mi;ksx dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the application of I.C.T. in the field of Agriculture in India.

fcgkj ds lanHkZ esa iapk;rh jkT; laLFkkvksa esa lwpuk ,oa lapkj izkS|ksfxdh ds mi;ksx {ks=ksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the application areas of Information and Communication Technology in Panchayati Raj Institutions with reference to Bihar.

89-

bZ&yÉux dh vo/kkj.kk ,oa egÙo dk foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the concept and significance of e-learning.

bZ&O;kikj dh e;kZnkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the limitations of e-commerce.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) lwpuk izkS|ksfxd dkuwu 2000 (Information Technology Act. 2000) (b) o`gr~ {ks= ra= ¼okbM ,fj;k usVodZ½ (Wide Area Network) (c) vka/kz izns'k bZ&iapk;r izkstsDV (e-Panchayat Project of Andhra Pradesh) (d) fcgkj bZ&lwpuk izfreku (Bihar e-information model) (e) fodh (Wiki)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­II, Paper­XIV (Disaster Management)

¼vkink izca/ku½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234-

vkink dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk vkink ds izdkjksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Define Disaster and examine the types of Disaster.

vkink pØ ls vki D;k le>rs gSa A O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you mean by Disaster Cycle ? Explain.

igkM+h {ks=ksa esa vkink izca/ku dh leL;kvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the problems of disaster management in Mountainous Regions.

vkink dh jksdFkke ds egÙo dk o.kZu dhft, A Hkkjr esa vkink izca/ku ds lEcU/k esa laoS/kkfud izko/kkuksa dk foospu dhft, A

Describe the significance of Disaster Prevention. Also discuss the Constitutional provisions to deal with disaster management in India.

56789-

vkink izca/ku ds fy, vko';d lk/ku ds lzksrksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the sources of essential resources for disaster management.

vkink U;wuhdj.k D;k gS \ O;oLFkk fu;kstu ds eqís dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

What is disaster mitigation ? Examine the case for system planning.

vkink U;wuhdj.k esa la;qDr jk"Vª la?k vfHkdj.kksa ds vonkuksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the contribution of United Nations Agencies in Disaster Mitigation.

lhOEchOEMhOE,eOE D;k gS \ blds fl)kUrksa] j.kuhfr;ksa ,oa pqukSfr;ksa dk foospu dhft, A

What is CBDM ? Discuss its principles, strategies and challenges.

iquokZl ,oa iquÆuekZ.k ds ekxZn'kZd fl)kUrksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the guiding principles of Rehabitation and Reconstruction.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) izkÑfrd vkink y?kqdj.k ds fy, vUrjkZ"Vªh; n'kkCnh (International Decade for Natural Disaster Production) (b) o`gr~ Qly chek ;kstuk (Comprehensive Crop Insurance Scheme) (c) lqukeh (Tsunami) (d) thOE,lOEMhOE,eOE,OE (GSDMA) (e) dks'kkh vkink izca/ku (Koshi Disaster Management)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­II, Paper­XV (Indian Administration as enshrined Constitution in India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

xqIrdkyhu Hkkjrh; iz'kklfud O;oLFkk dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the main characteristics of Indian administrative system during the Gupta Period.

la?kh; eaf=ifj"kn~ ds xBu] vf/kdkjksa ,oa dk;ks± dh foospuk 91osa laoS/kkfud la'kks/ku ds lanHkZ esa dhft, A

Discuss the organization, powers and functions of the Union Council of Ministers with reference to the 91st Constitutional Amendment.

3456789-

Hkkjr esa {ks=h; laxBuksa dh vko';drk ,oa muds dk;Zdj.k dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the need for Field agencies and their working in India.

fdlh ,d Hkkjrh; jkT; ds jkT;iky dh iz'kkldh; Hkwfedk ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on the administrative role of the Governor of an Indian State.

ftyk lekgÙkkZ dh cnyrh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the changing role of the District Collector.

ljdkjh dEiuh dks rkRi;Z D;k gS \ blds izdkjksa] xq.k ,oa nks"kksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

What is the meaning of a government company ? Examine its types, merits and demerits.

fofuos'k D;k gS \ vHkh rd fd, x, fofuos'k dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

What is disinvestment ? Examine the disinvestment done so far.

Hkkjr ds fu;a=d ,oa egkys[kk ijh{kd ds dk;ks±] vf/kdkjksa ,oa Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the functions, powers and the role of the Controller and Auditor General of India.

laxBu ,oa iz.kkyh ds vFkZ] mís';ksa ,oa dk;Zdj.k dk foospu Hkkjrh; iz'kklu ds lanHkZ esa dhft, A

Discuss the meaning, objectives and working of O & M in the context of Indian Administration.

10- ^iz'kklu dks ikjn'khZ ,oa vuqfØ;k'khy gksuk pkfg, A* bl dFku dks foLrkfjr dhft, A

"The administration should be transparent and responsive". Elaborate the statement.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Public Administration}

Part­II, Paper­XVI (Rural Development with special reference to Bihar) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234-

fcgkj dh tula[;k dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the characteristics of the population of Bihar.

fcgkj dh vFkZO;oLFkk ds Lo:i ,oa blds fiNM+siu ds dkj.kksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Describe the characteristics of Bihar's economy and causes of its Backwardness.

fu/kZurk ds ekiu dh fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the methods of measurement of Poverty.

csjkstxkj ,oa v/kksjkstxkj dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A Hkkjr esa csjkstxkjh ds dkj.kksa rFkk vkdkj dk Hkh foospu dhft, A

Define unemployment and underemployment. Also discuss the causes and size of unemployment in India.

56789-

fcgkj esa Ñf"k O;olk; ds Lo:i ,oa bldh laHkkouk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the nature of Agriculture marketing and its Scope in Bihar.

fcgkj esa Hkwfe lq/kkj dh v|ru fLFkfr dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the latest portion of Land Reforms in Bihar.

fcgkj esa vkS|ksfxd fiNM+siu ds dkj.kksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate the causes of Industrial Backwardness in Bihar.

fcgkj ds dqVhj ,oa y?kq m|ksxksa dh fLFkfr ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on the situation of Cottage and Small Scale industries in India.

^^fcgkj jkT; dks ,d fo'ks"k jkT; dk ntkZ iznku djuk vfrvko';d gS A** bl dFku dks foLrkfjr dhft, A

"It is most essential to grant special status to Bihar" Elucidate the statement.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes of any Two of the following :­ (a) fcgkj esa lk[k&tek vuqikr (C. D. Ration in Bihar)

fcgkj esa ujsxk dh fLFkfr (The status of NAREGA in Bihar) (c) fcgkj esa nloha ;kstuk dh miyfC/k;k¡ (The achievement of the X plan in Bihar) (d) fcgkj ij foHkktu 2000 dk izHkko (The effects of Division 2000 on Bihar)

(b)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­I, Paper­I (Rural Development : Indian Context) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

y?kq ,oa egku ijEijkvksa dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk y?kq ,oa egku ijEijkvksa dh [kkl y{k.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain the concept of Little and Great Traditions and discuss salient characteristics of little and great tradition.

2-

ttekuh iz.kkyh dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk ttekuh dh vkÆFkd fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define jajmani system and discuss the economic features of jajmani system.

34-

Hkkjr esa xjhch ds vkdyu dk vkykspukRed fo'ys"k.k dhft, A

Critically analyse the estimation of poverty in India.

;kstukc) fodkl ls D;k vfHkizk; gS \ Hkkjr esa ;kstuk dk;Zuhfr;ksa esa gksus okys ifjorZuksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you understand by planned development ? Describe the shifts in planning strategies in India.

5-

xzkeh.k fodkl dk;ZØeksa dh orZeku fLFkfr ,oa mHkjrh gqbZ pqukSfr;ksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the current status of the rural development programmes and the emerging challenges.

6-

lkearoknh ,oa iw¡thoknh vUrÆojks/kksa ds QyLo:i mRiUu gksus okys fofHkUu vkUnksyuksa dh tkudkjh nhft, A

Illustrate the various movements arising out of feudalistic and capitalistic contradictions.

7-

Hkwfe lq/kkj ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ Hkkjr esa Hkwfe lq/kkj ds fofHkUu n`f"Vdks.kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you understand by Land Reforms ? Describe the various approaches to Land Reforms in India.

8-

Hkkjr esa Ñf"k foLrkj lsokvksa dks laxfBr djus ds fofHkUu vfHkxe dkSu&dkSu ls gSa \ foospu dhft, A

What are the different approaches for organizing agricultural extension services in India ? Discuss.

9-

Hkkjr esa xzke fodkl gsrq iz'kklfud O;oLFkk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the administrative set-up for rural development in India.

10- Hkkjr esa _.k lgdkjh lfefr;ksa dh lao`f) vkSj fodkl dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the growth and development of credit cooperatives in India.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­I, Paper­II (Rural Development Programme) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

iz/kkuea=h jkstxkj ;kstuk ds dk;kZUo;u vkSj fuxjkuh dk foLr`r fooj.k nhft, A

Describe in detail implementation and monitoring of Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana.

iz/kkuea=h xzkeksn; ;kstuk ds mís';] y{; lewg ,oa dk;kZUo;u dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the objective, target group and working of Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY).

lkekftd&vkÆFkd dkjdksa ,oa LokLF; ds chp ds lEcU/k dh foospuk dhft, rFkk :X.krk ,oa e`R;q&nj ij fofHkUu dk;ZØeksa vkSj LokLF; ns[kHkky lsokvksa ds izHkkoksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the relationship between socio-economic factors and health and explain the impact of various programmes and health care services on morbidity and mortality.

4-

Rofjr xzkeh.k ty vkiwÆÙk dk;ZØe ¼,OEvkjOEMCywOE,lOEihOE½ ds ckjs esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ xzkeh.k ty vkiwÆÙk ;kstukvksa esa iapk;rh jkt laLFkkvksa dh Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you know about Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) ? Discuss the role of Panchayati Raj institutions in Rural Water Supply Schemes.

56-

xzkeh.k {ks=ksa ds lEiw.kZ fodkl esa ÅtkZ dh Hkwfedk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on role of energy in the all round development of the rural areas.

xzkeh.k la;kstdrk D;k gS \ iz/kkuea=h xzke lM+d ;kstuk ds {ks= ,oa foLrkj dh foospuk dhft, A

What is rural connectivity ? Discuss the scope and coverage of Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana (PMGSY).

7-

ty laHkj.k dk;ZØeksa esa xSj ljdkjh laLFkkvksa ,oa iapk;rh jkt laLFkkvksa dh Hkwfedk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the role of Non-governmental organization and Panchayati Raj institution in watershed programme.

89-

lesfdr catj Hkwfe fodkl dk;ZØe ds eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Explain the salient features of Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP).

la;qDr ou izca/ku vo/kkj.kk ,oa mís'; esa lkekftd okf.kdh ls fdl izdkj fHkUu gS \ ouksa ds izca/k esa la;qDr ou izca/ku laLFkkvsa dh ftEesokfj;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

How is Joint Forest Management different from social forestry in concept and objectives ? Discuss the responsibilities of the Joint Forest Management institutions in management of Forests ?

10- foKku] izkS|ksfxdh vkSj xzke fodkl dh ijLij&vkfJrk dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the inter-dependence of science, technology and rural development.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­I, Paper­III (Rural Development Planning and Management) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

xzke fodkl ;kstuk ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu fl)kUrksa vkSj egÙoiw.kZ n`f"Vdks.kksa dh vkykspukRed leh{kk dhft, A

Critically examine various theories and significant approaches related to rural development planning.

234-

;kstuk dh cgqLrjh; lajpuk dh vkykspukRed leh{kk dhft, A

Critically examine the multi-level structure of planning.

tehu Lrjh; fu;kstu esa iapk;rh jkt i)fr dh Hkwfedk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on Role of Panchayati Raj System in Grassroots Level Planning.

ifj;kstuk ewY;kadu esa ^vkÆFkd O;ogk;Zrk* ls vkidk D;k vfHkizk; gS \ ^lkekftd ykHk ,oa ykxr* dh vo/kkj.kk dh fo'ks"k :i ls ppkZ dhft, A

What do you mean by 'economic feasibility' in Project Appraisal ? Discuss in particular the concept of 'social costs and benefits'.

5-

67-

fuEukafdr dk o.kZu dhft, (Describe the following) :­ (i) izkstsDV izcU/k lwpuk iz.kkyh (Project Management Information System) (ii) xfrfof/k fu;kstu (Activity Planning) ewY;kadu dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk blds mís'; ,oa vk;keksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain the concept of evaluation and discuss its objectives and dimensions.

LoSfPNd laxBuksa dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A xzke fodkl dh izfØ;k esa LoSfPNd iz;kl dh D;k Hkwfedk gS \ mnkgj.kksa lfgr O;k[;k dhft, A

Describe the features of voluntary organizations. What is the role of voluntary effort in the process of rural development ? Illustrate with examples.

8-

tu Hkkxhnkjh ls vkidk D;k vfHkizk; gS \ xzke fodkl dk;ZØeksa esa lkeU;r;k tu Hkkxhnkjh dks r; djus okys dkjdksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

What do you mean by people's participation ? Enumerate the factors that normally determine people's participation in rural development programmes.

9-

lkekftd fØ;k ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ lkekftd fØ;k dh eq[; j.kuhfr;ksa dh igpku dhft, A

What do you mean by social action ? Identify the main strategies of social action.

10- v/kksfyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) LoSfPNd laxBu vkSj xSj&ljdkjh laxBu (VOs and NGOs) (ii) uhps ls ;kstuk cukuk (Bottom-up Planning) (iii) ykHk&ykxr vuqikr (Benefit Cost Ratio) (iv) dikVZ (CAPART)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­I, Paper­IV (Research Methods in Rural Development) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

'kks/k D;k gS \ 'kks/k ds oSKkfud mikxe ds fofHkUu igyqvksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is research ? Explain various aspects of scientific approach to research.

'kks/k leL;k ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ 'kks/k leL;k ds p;u ds egÙo lzksrksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you mean by research problem ? Describe the important sources for selection of research problems.

^^'kks/k izLrko ,d 'kks/k ;kstuk ¼izkstsDV½ ds lHkh C;kSjksa ls cuk gS A** bl dFku dks foLrkfjr dhft, A

"The research proposal consists of every details of a research project". Elaborate this statement.

4-

?kVuk fØ;k foKku ds vFkZ dk foospu dhft, rFkk lkekftd vuqla/kku esa ^ifj?kVuk&foKkuh n`f"Vdks.k* dks la{ksi esa Li"V dhft, A

Discuss the meaning of phenomenology and Explain briefly 'phenomenological approaches' in social research.

5-

iz;ksxkRed 'kks/k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ iz;ksxkRed 'kks/k ds fofHkUu izdkj ds izfr:iksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you understand by Experimental Research ? Describe the different designs of Experimental Research.

6-

ewY;kadu 'ksk/k dh vo/kkj.kk ,oa mís'; dk o.kZu dhft, rFkk ewY;kadu 'kks/k ,oa ekSfyd 'kks/k ds chp ds vUrj dk foospu dhft, A

Describe the concept and purpose of evaluation research and discuss the difference between evaluation research and basic research.

7-

'kks/k ds dsl v/;;u fof/k dh fo'ks"krkvksa dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk dsl v/;;u i)fr ds oSKkfud vk/kkjksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Explain the characteristics of case study method of research and discuss the scientific bases of Case Study method.

8-

vkadM+k ,d= djus dh fof/k ds :i esa lk{kkRdkj dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk lk{kkRdkj ds izdkjksa vkSj fof/k;ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Define interview as a technique of data collection and discuss the types and teachniques of interview.

9-

xzkeh.k fodkl ds ekiu dh vo/kkj.kk dk o.kZu dhft, ,oa ekiu ds Lrj dk foospu dhft, A

Describe the concept of measurement in rural development and discuss the level of measurement.

10- ifjek.kkRed vkadM+ksa dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk f}xq.kkRed ,oa f=xq.kkRed ifjek.kkRed vk¡dM+ksa ds fo'ys"k.k ds chp vUrj dhft, A

Define quantitative data and distinguish between Bivariate and Trivariate analysis of quantitative data.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­I, Paper­V (Rural Health Care) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

234-

fuEukafdr dh O;k[;k dhft, (Explain the following) :­ (a) LokLF; ds fu/kkZjd (Determinant of Health) (b) LokLF; ds lwpd (Indicates of Health) xzkeh.k LokLF; ns[kHkky lsokvksa esa izkFkfed LokLF; dsUæ dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the role of primary health centre in rural health care services.

dqiks"k.k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk dqiks"k.k ds fy, ftEesokj dkjdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define malnutrition and discuss factors responsible for malnutrition.

la;qDr jkT; vesfjdk vkSj fczVsu dh LokLF; ns[kHkky forj.k O;oLFkkvksa dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

Describe the main features of health care delivery systems of United States and Britain.

567-

xzkeh.k Hkkjr esa lapkjh jksxksa dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dh igpku dhft, A

Identify the main characteristics of communicable diseases in Rural India.

jk"Vªh; eysfj;k fu;a=.k dk;ZØe ds fofHkUu i{kksa dh leh{kkRed tk¡p dhft, A

Critically examine various aspects of National Malaria Control Programme.

xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa i;kZoj.kh; LoPNrk vkSj LokLF; foKku ds lkekftd&lkaLÑfrd dkjdksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the socio-cultural factors determining environmental sanitation and hygiene in rural areas.

8-

^iztuu* vkSj ^cky LokLF; dk;ZØe* ds vUrxZr ^lqjf{kr ekr`Ro* ds fy, fd, x, izeq[k gLr{ksiksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the major interventions made under 'Reproductive and Child Health Programme' for 'Safe Motherhood'.

9-

LokLF; f'k{kk dk;ZØeksa ds fy, mi;qDr dk;Zuhfr fodflr djus ds fy, vko';d egÙoiw.kZ rÙoksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the important elements required to develop an appropriate strategy for health education programmes.

10- LokLF; lwpuk iz.kkyh ¼,pOEvkbZOE,lOE½ dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A jk"Vªh; Lrj ij LokLF; lwpuk iz.kkyh esa 'kkfey eq[; ^lwpuk ds lzksrksa* dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Define Health Information System (HIS). Explain the main 'Sources of Information' for building HIS at the National Level.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­I, Paper­VI (Communication and Extension in Rural Development) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A 'uks

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456-

osLys&eSdyhu lapkj ekWMy dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss Westley-Maclean communication model.

lapkj pSuyksa dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, A bldh Jsf.k;ksa vkSj xzke fodkl esa fufgrkFkks± dks Li"V dhft, A

Define communication channels. Explain its categories and implications in rural development.

xzke fodkl esa iz;qDr egÙoiw.kZ fdLeksa dh n`';&lgk;rk lkefxz;ksa esa ls dqN dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss some of the important types of visual aids used in Rural Development.

izlkj ds n'kZu dk mYys[k dhft, rFkk blds lkekU; ,oa fof'k"V mís';ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

State the philosophy of extension and describe the general and specific objectives of extension.

izlkj esa iz;qDr dqN egÙoiw.kZ lewg fof/k;ksa ds eq[; izdkjksa dh vkykspukRed tk¡p dhft, A

Critically examine the major types of group methods used in extension.

[k.M Lrj ij LokLF; foLrkj lsok lajpuk dh O;k[;k dhft, A LokLF; foLrkj lEcU/kh n`f"Vdks.kksa] dk;Zuhfr;ksa vkSj fu.kkZ;d izkFkfedrkvksa dk o.kZu] la{ksi esa dhft, A

Explain the health extension set-up at block level. Describe in brief, the approaches, strategies and crucial determinants of health extension.

7-

foLrkj esa mi;ksx gksus okyh oS;fDrd lEidZ iz.kkfy;ksa ds izeq[k izdkjksa dk vkykspukRed fo'ys"k.k dhft, A

Critically analyze the major types of individual contact methods used in extension.

89-

lapkj fu;kstu esa fufgr fofHkUu lksikuksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the various steps involved in communication planning.

fuxjkuh vkSj ewY;kadu ds vFkZ vkSj fo"k;&{ks= dh la{ksi esa ppkZ dhft, A xzke fodkl esa fuxjkuh vkSj ewY;kadu dh fof/k;k¡ vkSj lk/ku dkSu&ls gSa \

Discuss, in brief, meaning and scope of Monitoring and Evaluation. What are the methods and tools of Monitoring and Evaluation in Rural Development ?

10- laxBukRed lapkj ds fofHkUu :i D;k gSa \ laxBukRed lapkj ls tqM+h izeq[k leL;kvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What are various forms of organizational communication ? Discuss major problems related to organizational communication.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­I, Paper­VII (Rural Social Development) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

xzkeh.k efgykvksa dh uktqd fLFkfr dks lwfpr djus okyh eq[; fopkj.kh; fcUnqvksa dk foospu dhft, rFkk efgykvksa dh fLFkfr esa lq/kkj ds nks dk;ZØeksa dk laf{kIr fooj.k nhft, A

Discuss main area of concern signifying the critical status of rural women and briefly describe the two main programme for improvising the status of women.

23-

xzkeh.k Hkkjr esa f'k{kk dk {ks= c<+kus ds fy, gky gh dh uhfrxr igy dk la{ksi esa foospu dhft, A

Discuss, in brief, recent policy initiative to expand the coverage of education in Rural India.

xzkeh.k efgykvksa ds lanHkZ esa iks"k.k dh vo/kkj.kk dh foospuk dhft, rFkk xzkeh.k efgykvksa ds LokLF; ,oa iks"k.k dks izHkkfor djus okyh lkekftd&lkaLÑfrd dkjdksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the concept of nutrition in respect of health of rural women and explain the sociocultural factors affecting health and nutrition of rural women.

4-

fofHkUu efgyk&iq#"k fo'ys"k.k lEcU/kh n`f"Vdks.kksa dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, ftudk iz;ksx efgyk&iq#"k fu;kstu vkSj efgyk l'kfDrdj.k esa fd;k tkrk gS A

Critically examine various gender analysis approaches which are used in gender planning and women's empowerment.

56-

xzkeh.k cPpksa ds fy, f'k{kk ds fofHkUu dk;ZØeksa ds vUrxZr izeq[k izko/kkuksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Enumerate the key provisions under various programmes of education for rural children.

lesfdr cky fodkl lsok ¼vkbZOElhOEMhOE,lOE½ dk;ZØe ds mís'; dkSu&ls gSa \ bl dk;ZØe ds vUrxZr iznku dh tkus okyh lsokvksa dk la{ksi esa o.kZu dhft, A

What are the objectives of Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) Programme ? Describe, in brief, the services provided under this programme.

78-

vuqlwfpr tkfr;ksa ds l'kfDrdj.k ds fy, fd;s x;s iz;klksa dk laf{kIr fooj.k nhft, A

Explain briefly the efforts being made for the empowerment of the scheduled.

vuqlwfpr tutkfr;ksa ds vfuÆ.kr eqíksa vkSj vulqy>h leL;kvksa dh leh{kkRed tk¡p dhft, A

Critically examine some of the unresolved issues and persisting problems of Scheduled Tribes.

9-

fd'kksj U;k; ¼ns[kHkky ,oa laj{k.k½ cky vf/kfu;e] 2000 fdl izdkj izfr:fir gqvk \ bl vf/kfu;e dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

How did the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children Act, 2000 come into being ? Describe the salient features of the Act.

10- izlwfr izlqfo/kk vf/kfu;e] 1961 ds eq[; izko/kkuksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

Elaborate the main provisions of the Maternity Benefit Act., 1961.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­I, Paper­VIII (Voluntary Action in Rural Development) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

VkydkWV ikjlUl ds fØ;k ds LoSfPNdoknh&fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the Talcott Parsson's voluntaristic theory of action.

Hkkjr ds lafo/kku ds lkFk&lkFk yksdrkaf=d ^vf/kdkj* vkSj ekSfyd ^Lora=rkvksa* ds mn~fodkl esa lokZf/kd egRoiw.kZ ?kVukvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the most important landmarks in the evolution of democratic 'rights' and fundamental 'freedoms' along with the Constitution of India.

3-

^^vk/kqfud dY;k.kdkjh&jkT; ,oa Loa;lsoh laLFkk,¡ nksuksa lekt ds dY;k.k ,oa fodkl esa lokZf/kd egRoiw.kZ vonkudrkZ gSa** bl dFku dks foLrkfjr dhft, A

"The modern welfare state and voluntary organizations together are the most important contributors to the welfare and development of society" Elaborate this statement.

45-

ykHk fujis{k laxBukas ds vfFkZd mikxe ds eq[; igyqvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the main aspects of economic approaches to non-profit organisations.

Loa;lsoh lLFkkvksa ds lanHkZ esa iz'kklfud Lora=rk] ftEesokjh] ,oa mÙkjnkf;Ro ds egRo dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the significance of administrative independence, responsibility and accountability in the context of voluntary organization.

6-

[email protected],u-th-vkst- ds }kjk ^foÙkh; lalk/kuksa ds la?kVu ls lEcfU/kr vfuok;Z ?kVdksa vkSj eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft,A

Describe the essential components and main features pertaining to the 'mobilisation of financial resources' by VOs/NGOs.

78-

Hkkjr esa Loa;lsoh {ks= ds ewy izk:i ¼oxhZdj.k½ dh O;k[;k la{ksi esa dhft, A

Explain in brief the basic typology of voluntary sector in India.

xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa [email protected],u-th-vkst ds }kjk lkeuk fd;s tkus okys leL;kvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the problems faced by VOs/NGOs in rural areas.

9-

xzkeh.k lkekftd ifjorZu ds lanHkZ esa oh-vkst- ds eq[; eqís ,oa dk;kZoyh dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the main issues and agenda of VOs in regard to rural social transformation .

10- leqnk; vk/kkfjr laxBuksa dh ewy fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the basic characteristic of Community Based Organisation (C.B.O)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­II, Paper­IX (Land Reforms and Rural Development) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

Hkwfedk lq/kkj ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ xzkeh.k fodkl ds fy, Hkwfe lq/kkj ds egÙo ,oa izeq[k vonkuksa dk la{ksi esa foospu dhft, A

What do you mean by land reforms ? Discuss in brief the significance and major contributions of land reforms for rural development.

234567-

Hkkjr esa Hkw&/k`fr iz.kkfy;ksa ij mifuos'kokn ds izHkko dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the impact of colonialism of land tenure systems in India.

if'pe Hkkjr ds Ñ"kd lekt ij fczfV'k 'kklu ds izHkkoksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the impact of British rule on agrarian society of Western India.

1857 ds ckn ds fdlku vkUnksyu ds bfrgkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Trace the history of Peasant Movement in India after 1857.

Hkwfe lq/kkj ykus esa Hkkjrh; jk"Vªh; dkaxzsl ds ;ksxnku dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the contribution of Indian National Congress in bringing about land reforms.

Hkkjr esa Hkwfe lq/kkj ls lEcfU/kr laoS/kkfud izko/kkuksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the constitutional provisions relating to land reforms in India.

Hkkjr esa o`gr~ Hkwfe lq/kkjksa ls lEcfU/kr xSj ljdkjh laxBuksa ds igyksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine major land reforms related initiatives of Non-Governmental Organizations in India.

89-

Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk ij Hkwfe lq/kkj ds izHkkoksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the impact of land reforms on Indian Economy.

Hkwfe lq/kkjksa ls tqM+h mu izeq[k leL;kvksa dk la{ksi esa o.kZu dhft, ftudk lkeuk fodkl'khy ns'k dj jgs gSa A

Describe, in brief, major problems related to land reforms being faced by the developing countries.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) tehankjh O;oLFkk (Zamindari System) (b) Hkkjrh; xk¡oksa ij fczfV'k 'kklu ds ifj.kke (Consequences of British rule on Indian villages) (c) djk/kku dh tCrh iz.kkyh (Zabti System of Taxation) (d) izcy tkfr;k¡ (Dominant Castes)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­II, Paper­X (Entrepreneurship and Rural Development) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

m|e'khyrk vk/kkfjr fofo/k fl)kUrksa dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, m|eh dh ladYiuk dh vkykspukRed tk¡p dhft, A

Critically examine the concept of an entrepreneur in the light of various theories on entrepreneurship.

23-

Hkkjr esa Lora=rk izkfIr ds iwoZ m|e'khyrk fLFkfr dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss in brief the entrepreneurial scenario in India before Independence.

iapk;r m|ksx ds ckjs esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ blds mís'; ,oa xzkeh.k m|e'khyrk ds fodkl esa bldh Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you know about Panchayat Udyogs ? Discuss its objective and role in development of rural entrepreneurship.

4-

cktkj vFkZO;oLFkk dh vo/kkj.kk dh foospuk dhft, A cktkj vFkZO;oLFkk fdl izdkj m|e'khyrk ds fy, lgk;d gks ldrh gS \

Discuss the concept of market economy. How can the market economy be conductive to rural entrepreneurship.

5-

Hkkjr esa y?kq ,oa lw{e {ks= es m|e'khyrk dks c<+kok nsus gsrq ljdkj ds uhfr vUr%{ksiksa dks Li"V dhft, A

Elaborate on the policy interventions by the government to promote entrepreneurship in the small and tiny sector in India.

6789-

xzkeh.k m|e'khyrk ds izdkjksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

State the types of village entrepreneurship.

lgdkjh lfefr;ksa vkSj lgdkjh lfefr ds fl)kUrksa dh la{ksi esa ppkZ dhft, A

Define co-operative society and briefly discuss the principles of a co-operative.

ckaXykns'k ds xzkeh.k cSad dh lQy xkFkk dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the success story of the Grameen Bank of Bangladesh.

xzkeh.k m|e'khyrk ds fofHkUu {ks=ksa dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Outline various domains of rural entrepreneurship in India.

10- vk¡dM+ksa dh vo/kkj.kk dh foospuk dhft, rFkk vk¡dM+ksa dks ,df=r djus dh i)fr;ksa dks Li"V dhft, A

Discuss the concept of Data and explain the methodology of data collection.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­II, Paper­XI (Poverty Alleviation Programmes in Rural India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

xjhch mUewyu dk;ZØe ds y{;ksa dks izkIr djus ds fy, viuk, x, n`f"Vdks.kksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss approaches adopted to achieve the goals of poverty alleviation programme.

23-

U;wure vko';drk dk;ZØe ds fofHkUu ?kVdksa dh izxfr dh tk¡p dhft, A

Examine the progress of different components of minimum needs programme.

,dhÑr xzke fodkl dk;ZØe dh ladYiuk vkSj egÙoiw.kZ fo'ks"krkvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the concept and important features of Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP).

45-

Vªkblse dk;ZØe dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the main features of TRYSEM Programme.

lqfuf'pr jkstxkj ;kstuk ds mís';ksa vkSj eq[; ?kVdksa dh leh{kkRed tk¡p dhft, A

Critically examine the objectives and the main components of Employment Assurance Scheme.

6-

Lo.kZ t;Urh xzke Lojkstxkj ;kstuk ds ,d Hkkx ds :i esa Lo&lgk;rk lewgksa dh Hkwfedk vkSj fodkl dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the role and evolution of Self-Help Groups as a part of Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna.

78-

lEiw.kZ xzkeh.k jkstxkj ;kstuk dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa ,oa egÙoksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Describe the main features and importance of Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna.

mu egÙoiw.kZ rÙoksa dk o.kZu dhft, tks Hkkjr esa [kk| lqj{kk dks lqfuf'pr djrk gS ,oa blesa tufooj.k iz.kkyh ds ;ksxnkuksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Describe major element which ensure food security in India and discuss the contributions of Public Distribution System in it.

9-

iz/kkuea=h jkstxkj ;kstuk ¼ihOE,eOEvkjOEokbZOE½ ds vk/kkj] mís'; vkSj y{; dh foospuk dhft, A

Describe the basis, objectives and targets of Prime Minister's Rozgar Yojana (PMRY).

10- Lo&fu;kstu dk;ZØe dh vko';drk dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk xzkeh.k jkstxkj mRiknu dk;ZØe ds dk;Zdj.k dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Explain the need for self-employment programmes and examine the functioning of rural employment generation programme.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­II, Paper­XII (Rural Economics) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

vkfFkZd fodkl gsrq udZl ds larqfyr Ñf"k&m|ksx laca/k dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k djsa A

Critically examine Nurskse theory on balanced agriculture-industry relation for economic growth.

tukafddh; laØe.k ds fl)kar dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k djsa A D;k Hkkjr tukafddh; laØe.k dh nwljh voLFkk ls xqtj jgk gS \

Critically examine the theory of demographic transition. Is India passing through the second stage of demographic transition ?

3-

,d xzkeh.k vFkZO;oLFkk ds fodkl esa xzkeh.k Ñf"k cktkjksa dh D;k Hkwfedk gksrh gS \ Hkkjr esa Ñf"k foi.ku lq/kkj ds fy, ljdkj }kjk fy, x;s mik;ksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

What are the roles of rural agricultural markets in the development of a rural economy ? Examine the steps taken by the Government to improve agricultural marketing in India.

456-

Hkkjr tSls fodkl'khy ns'k esa Hkwfe mi;ksx <k¡pas dks izHkkfor djus okys rRoksa dh foospuk dhft,A

Discuss the factors influencing land use pattern in developing country like India.

QkeZ izcU/k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ QkeZ izcU/k ds vk/kkjHkwr fl)kUrksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by Farm Management ? Discuss the basic principles of farm management.

7-

fuEufyf[kr dk o.kZu dhft, (Describe the following) :(i) [kknh ,ao xzkeh.k m|ksx vk;ksx (Khadi and Village Industry Commission) (ii) y?kq vkS|ksfxd {ks= dk vkSfpR; (Relevance of Mini Industrial Estate) Ñf"k ,oa xzkeh.k fodkl ds fy, jk"Vªh; cSad ¼ukckMZ½ ds fØ;k&dykiksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A D;k vki blds dk;Z ls larq"V gSa \

Evaluate the working of the National Bank of Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). Are you satisfied with its performance ?

89-

dikVZ ds ckjs esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ blds mís'; ,oa dk;ksZa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you know about CAPART ? Discuss its objectives and functions.

Hkkjr esa Ñf"k etnwjksa dh leL;kvksa dh Li"V dhft, A mudh fLFkfr esa lq/kkj ds fy, ljdkj }kjk D;k mik; fd;s x;s gSa \

Explain the problems of agriculture labourers in India. What measures have been taken by the Government to improve their position ?

10- mu dY;k.kdkjh ;kstukvksa dk fooj.k nhft, tks efgykvksa ,oa cPpksa ds fy, dk;Zjr gSa A

Give and account of those welfare measures which are addressed to women and children.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­II, Paper­XIII (Indian Economy in Bihar Context) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

fcgkj dh vFkZO;oLFkk dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the main features of Bihar economy.

fcgkj esa izfr O;fDr ^vk;* Hkkjr ds vU; jkT;ksa dh rqyuk esa de gSa] buds dkj.kksa dk o.kZu djsa A blds mRFkku ds fy, mfpr lq>ko nhft, A

Explain the reasons, why Bihar percapita income is low in respect to the other states of India ? Suggest suitable measures for its improvement.

3-

D;k vki le>rs gSa fd rsth ls c<+rh gqbZ vkcknh fcgkj ds vkfFkZd fodkl dks vo:) djrh jgh gS \ ;fn gk¡ rks bls jksdus ds fy, lq>ko nhft, A

Do you think that rapidly growing population has been retarding Bihar economic development ? If so, suggest measure to check it.

456-

fcgkj esa Ñf"k ds izeq[k leL;k,¡ D;k gS \ blds fodkl gsrq mi;qDr j.kuhfr lq>kosa A

What are the main problems of Agriculture in Bihar. Suggest suitable strategy for its development.

fcgkj esa Hkwfe dh gncUnh lEcU/kh mik;ksa dh izxfr dh leh{kk dhft, A

Examine the progress of land ceiling measures in Bihar.

D;k vki bl fopkj ls lger gSa fd fcgkj esa Ñf"k vk/kkfjr m|ksx dh lEHkkouk,¡ izpwj ek=k esa miyC/k gS \ bl dFku dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Do you agree with the view that Bihar has ample potentialities in the growth of Agro-based industries ? Discuss.

78-

fcgkj esa Ñf"k dks foÙk iznku djus esa O;kolkfg;d cSadksa dh Hkwfedk dh leh{kk dhft, A

Assess the role of Commercial Bank in financing agriculture in Bihar.

D;k vki bl ls lger gSa fd fcgkj esa i;ZVu m|ksx ds i;kZIr volj gS fd og fcgkj dh vkfFkZd fodkl esa lg;ksx iznku djs \ mYys[k dhft, A

Do you agree with the view that tourism industry in Bihar has an ample opportunity to support Bihar's economic development ? Explain.

9-

fcgkj ds jktdks"kh; lajpuk ds ?kVdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the components of fiscal structure of Bihar.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fy[ksa%&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) xjhch js[kk (Poverty Line) (ii) ty lalk/ku (Water Resource) (iii) jkT;Lrjh; fu;kstu (State's Planning)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­II, Paper­XIV (Governance and Panchayati Raj) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

Hkkjr esa xzkeh.k lkekftd&vkÆFkd n'kkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the rural socio-economic conditions in India.

1919 ls Hkkjr esa LFkkuh; fudk;ksa ds mn~Hko ,oa fodkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Delineate the origin and development of local bodies in India since 1919.

iapo"khZ; ;kstuk esa Hkwfe lq/kkj uhfr ds mís';ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A D;k Hkwfe lq/kkj dk dk;ZØe lQy jgk gS \

Describe the objectives of the Policy of Land Reforms in the Five year plan. Has the land reforms programme been successful ?

456-

,d fodkl vfHkdÙkkZ ds :i esa iapk;rh jkt laLFkkvksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Evaluate the Panchayati Raj Institutions as an agent for development.

fcgkj esa iapk;r dh lfefr;ksa ds dk;Zdj.k dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the working of committees of Panchayats in Bihar.

fodsfUær fu;kstu D;k gS \ vof/k ij vk/kkfjr fu;kstu ds izdkjksa dk foospu dhft, A

What is decentralized planning ? Discuss the type of planning on the basis of Time Schedule.

789-

fcgkj esa izkFkfed Lrj ij f'k{kk fu;kstu dh fØ;kfUofr dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the implementation of Educational Planning at the Primary Level in Bihar.

LoSfPNd laxBu dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk bldh 'kfDr;ksa ,oa dfe;ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Define voluntary agency and discuss its strength and weaknesses.

jk"Vªh; efgyk vk;ksx ds xBu] vf/kdkj ,oa Hkwfedk dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the organization, powers and the role of National Commission for Women.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fy[ksa%&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :(i) ,yOE ,eOE fla?koh lfefr dk izfrosnu] 1986 (L. M. Singhvi Committee's Reprot, 1986) (ii) izeq[k (Pramukh) (iii) ftyk fu;kstu lfefr (District Planning Committee)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­II, Paper­XV (Regional Planning and Development) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70 Time : 3 Hours.

izR;sd [k.M ls de ls de nks iz'uksa dks pqudj dqy ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer five questions selecting at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks.

[k.M ^v* (Section 'A')

123izns'k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk izns'k dh fo'ks"krk,¡ ,oa izÑfr dh foospuk dhft, A

Define Region and discuss characteristics and nature of Region.

HkkSfrd izns'kksa dh ladYiuk ds Øfed fodkl dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the chronological development of concept of physical regions.

le:i rFkk dsUæh; izns'kksa esa D;k vUrj gS \ mnkgj.k lfgr mudh fo'ks"krkvksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is the difference between uniform and nodal regions ? Explain their characteristics with examples.

45-

c`gn~ ,oa y?kq izns'kksa dk lksnkgj.k foospuk dhft, A

Account for macro and micro regions with example.

egkuxj dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk blds fofHkUu :iksa dk foospu dhft, A

Define Metropolis and discuss its different form.

^c [k.M ^c* (Section 'B')

67fodflr ,oa fodkl'khy ns'kksa esa fodkl ;kstukvksa dk rqyukRed fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give a comparative account of development plans in the developed and developing nations.

deku {ks= fodkl mikxe ds mn~Hko ,oa ;qfDrlaxrrk dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, rFkk deku {ks= fodkl ds ?kVdksa dk foospu dhft, A

Analyze the evolution and rationale of command area development approach and discuss components of command area development.

89-

Hkkjr esa iz[k.M Lrjh; fu;kstu dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe salient features of Block Level Planning in India.

Hkkjr esa fVdkÅ fodkl dh laHkkoukvksa dk fooj.k izLrqr dhft, A

Give an account of the possibilities of sustainable development in India.

10- izknsf'kd fu;kstu ls D;k le>rs gSa \ blds xq.k ,oa nks"kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do understand by Regional Planning ? Discuss its merits and demerits.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Rural Development}

Part­II, Paper­XVI (Rural Society in India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234567-

Hkkjr esa xzkeh.k lekt'kkL= ds fodkl ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on development of rural sociology in India.

Hkkjrh; Ñ"kd lekt dh fo'ks"krkvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Describe the characteristics of Indian agragarian society.

xzkeh.k ifjokj dh izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the major characteristics of Village Family.

tkfr dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk bldh fo'ks"krkvksa ,oa dk;ks± dk foospu dhft, A

Define caste and discuss its characteristics and functions.

xzkeh.k lkekftd lajpuk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an esay on Rural Social Structure.

xzkeh.k xfr'khyrk vkSj iyk;u ds dkj.kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the reasons of rural mobility and emigration.

lkeqnkf;d fodkl ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ Hkkjr esa lkeqnkf;d fodkl dk;ZØeksa ds mís'; ,oa laxBu dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by community development ? Discuss the objectives and organization of community development programme in India.

8-

fodsUæhdj.k ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ iapk;rh jkt O;oLFkk dks yksdrkaf=d fodsUæhdj.k ds u;s vk/kkj ds :i esa o.kZu dhft, A

What do you mean by democratic decentralization ? Expalin Panchayati Raj system as a new base of democratic decentralization.

9-

fcgkj esa Ñ"kd vkUnksyu ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on agrarian movement in Bihar.

10- Ñf"k ij oS'ohdj.k ds izHkkoksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the impact of globalization on agriculture.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­I, Paper­I (Management Concepts) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A ik

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12345-

izca/k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk blds dk;ksZ dh foospuk dhft,A

Define management and discuss its functions.

izca/k ds izeq[k fl)kUrksa dh O;k[;k djsaA

Explain the major principles of Management.

Vsyj ds oSKkfud izca/k lEcU/kh ;ksxnku dh O;k[;k djsaA

Discuss the contributions of Taylor in the field of Scientific Management.

,d lQy fu;kstu ds mís';ksa vkSj izfØ;kvksa dh O;k[;k djsaA

Explain the objectives and process of successful Planning.

fdlh miØe dh laxBukRed lajpuk dk D;k vFkZ gS\ fdlh cM+h laLFkk ds laxBu dk fuekZ.k djrs le; fdu rÙoksa dks /;ku esa j[kuk pkfg,\

What is the meaning of organizational structure? What factors should be kept in view while determining the organization of a big unit?

6789-

HkkjkiZ.k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa\ vf/kdkj ds HkjkiZ.k izfØ;k dk o.kZu djsaA

What do you understand by Delegation? Discuss the process of delegation of authority.

vfHkizsj.k ds fdlh mi;ksxh fl)kUr dk ewY;kadu djsaA

Asses any useful theory of motivation.

fu;a=.k ls vkidk D;k vk'k; gS\ izHkkoiw.kZ fu;a=.k dh izfØ;k dk foospu dhft,A

What do you mean by Control? Discuss process of effective controle.

ifjorZu dk izca/k D;k gksrk gS\ ifjorZu izca/k dh ,d fu;ksftr izfØ;k dk foospu dhft,A

What is management of change? Discuss a planned process of management of change. Discuss the meaning of conflict and analyse the methods of resolving conflict in an organization.

10- la?k"kZ dk vFkZ Li"V dhft, rFkk fdlh laxBu dh i)fr;ksa dh foospuk dhft,A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­I, Paper­II (Organizational Behaviour) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

laxBukRed lajpuk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds fofHkUu izdkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you understand by organizational structure ? Describe its different types.

laxBu ds Dykfldh fl)kUr dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss classical theory of organization.

gkWFkuZ v/;;u ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ gkWFkuZ v/;;u ds vk'k;ksa dk foospu dhft, A

What do you understand by Hawthorne Studies ? Discuss the implications of Hawthorne studies.

456789-

^^O;fDrRo rFkk laLÑfr ,d&nwljs ij vkfJr gksrs gSa A** foospuk dhft, A

"Personality and culture are interdependent". Discuss.

vkyiksVZ ds O;fDrRo fl)kUr ds fofHkUu i{kksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on various aspects of Allport's theory of personality.

vkfo"dkfjdk D;k gS \ O;fDrRo ekiu dh fdUgha nks vkfo"dkfjdkvksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

What is inventory ? Evaluate any two inventories for personality measurement.

la?k"kZ ds dkSu&dkSu ls Lrj gSa \ laxBukRed la?k"kZ ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What are the levels of conflict ? Describe the various types of organizational conflict.

ifjorZu&izfrjks/k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ buds fofHkUu lzksrksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you understand by resistance to change ? Describe its various sources.

laxBu fodkl dh fofHkUu izfof/k;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the different techniques of OD.

10- lewg ds lEizR;; dks Li"V djsa rFkk blds eq[; izdkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Explain the concept of group and describe its main types.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­I, Paper­III (Managerial Economics & Business Environment) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

(Section­'A')

Time : 3 Hours.

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks. Answer any Three Question from Section 'A' and any Two from Section 'B'

12-

izcU/kdh; vFkZ'kkL= dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, A ;g ijEijkxr vFkZ'kkL= ls fdl izdkj fHkUu gS \

Define Managerial Economics. How does it differ from traditional economics.

,d O;kolkf;d QeZ ds foØ; izcU/k esa ek¡x fo'ys"k.k dk D;k egRo gS \ ek¡x dks fu/kkZfjr djus okys fofHkUu rRokas dks le>k, A

What is the importance of demand analysis for sales management of a business firm? Discuss the important factors determining demand.

3-

^^lkekU;r;k vYidky esa oLrq dk ewY; ek¡x dh ifjfLFkfr;ksa }kjk r; gksrk gS vkSj nh/kZdky esa lkekU;r% iwfrZ dh ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds }kjk A** bl dFku dks Li"V dhft, A

"Generally the price of a commodity is determined by demand in a short-period and supply in the long-period." Elucidate.

4-

O;fDrxr rFkk lewg larqyu ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ ,dkf/kdkjkRed izfr;ksfxrk ds vUrxZr O;fDrxr ,oa lewg larqyu dks lfp= Li"V dhft, A

What do you mean by Individual and Group equilibrium? Show diagrammatically the individual firm equilibrium and group equilibrium under monopolistic competition.

5-

iw.kZ ykxr dher fu/kZj.k ds ,UMª;wt ds fopkjksa dks Li"V dhft, rFkk iw.kZ&ykxr dher fu/kkZj.k fof/k ds O;kid iz;ksx ds dkj.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the Andrew's version of the full cost pricing and discuss the causes of wide use of full cost pricing.

6-

YkkHk ds ekiu dh fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dh vkykspukRed O;k[;k dhft, A

Evaluate critically the methods of measurement of profit.

(Section­'B')

789-

O;kolkf;d i;kZoj.k D;k gS \ bldh izÑfr ,oa rRoksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is business environment? Discuss its nature and elements.

fofHkUu izdkj dh vkfFkZd iz.kkfy;ksa ij ,d laf{kIr fucU/k fy[ksa A

Write an essay on different forms of economic system.

,dkf/kdkj ,oa izfrca/kkRed O;kikj O;ogkj vf/kfu;e]1969 ds eq[; izko/kkuksa dk vykspukRed ijh{k.k dhft, A

Critically examine the main provision of Monopolistic and Restrictive Trade Practice Act, 1969 (MRTP).

10- f}rh; ih<+h ds vkfFkZd lq/kkj ij ,d fooj.kkRed fVIi.kh fy[ksa A

Write a descriptive note on Second generation economics reforms.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­I, Paper­IV Statistical Analysis and Data Processing (Quantative Methods) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

vkadM+ksa ds laxzg.k ds egRo ,oa vkadM+ksa ds eq[; L=ksrksa dh foospuk djsaA

Discuss the importance of data collection and the main sources of data.

lkaf[;dh dh ifjHkk"kk nsa ,oa blds dk;Z{ks=] egRo ,oa lhekvksa dk o.kZu djsaA

Define Statistics and describe its importance and limitations.

vko`fr caVu D;k gS\ oxhZÑr vko`fr caVu cukus dh fof/k dk o.kZu djsa rFkk blls lacaf/kr inksa dh O;k[;k djsaA

What is a frequency distribution? Describe the process of constructing a grouped frequency distribution and explain the terms associated with it.

456-

vk;r fp= ,oa lap;h vko`fr oØ cukus dh fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu djaasA

Describe the methods of drawing histogram and cumulative frequency curve.

dsUnzh; izo`fr dh ifjHkk"kk nsa rFkk blds ekiksa dk o.kZu djsaA

Describe central tendency and describe its measures.

fuEufyf[kr vko`fr caVu ds fy, izeki fopyu ,oa fopj.k xq.kkad dk ifjdyu djsaA

Calculate standard deviation and coefficient of variation for the following frequency distribution. Age (Years)

vk;q ¼o"kZ½

No. of Workers

25­30

30­35

35­40

40­45

45­50

50­55

7-

6 10 18 38 20 8 ¼Jfedksa dh la[;k½ lg&laca/k dh ifjHkk"kk nsa ,oa lkaf[;dh; fo'ys"k.k esa bldh egÙkk dk mYys[k djsaA fn;s gq, vkadM+ksa ds vk/kkj ij vk;kr ,oa fu;kZr ds chp dkyZ fi;lZu lg&laca/k xq.kkad dk ifjdyu djasA Define correlation and state its importance in statistical analysis. Calculate Karl Pearson's coefficient of correlation for the given data of imports and exports. Import

vk;kr ¼bdkbZ esa½

Export

49 44

53 58

58 55

65 89

76 98

P.T.O.

fu;kZr ¼bdkbZ esa½

8-

¼d½ izkf;drk dh ifjHkk"kk nsa rFkk cjkcj izkf;drk okyh] vioÙkhZ rFkk ifjiw.kZ ?kVukvksa dk o.kZu djsaA ¼[k½

Define probability and explain equally likely, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events. ,d iz'u ds gy djus ds fy, A dh izkf;drk ¾ gS rFkk bls B gy djrk gS bldh izkf;drk 7/12 gSA ;g iz'u gy gks tkrk gS bldh izkf;drk cryk,a tcfd nksuksa iz;kl

djrs gSaA

The probability that A solves a problem is ¾ and the probability that B solves it is given by 7/12 . Determine the probability that the problem is solved when both by to solve it.

9-

x.kuk losZ{k.k rFkk izfrn'kZ losZ{k.k ds varj dks mnkgj.k ds lkFk Li"V djsa rFkk buds xq.k ,oa nks"kksa dk o.kZu djsaA

Differentiate between census survey and sample survey with examples and describe their merits and demerits.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdlh nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fy[ksas%&

Write short notes on any Two of the following:(i) fo"kerk ,oa blds eki (Skewness and its measurement)

fLi;jeSu dk dksfV lglaca/k (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient) (iii) lekJ;.k lehdj.k (Regression equations ) (iv) ljy ;k}fPNd izfrp;u fof/k (Simple random sampling)

(ii)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­I, Paper­V (Accounting for Managerial Decisions) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

fuEukafdr lwpukvksa ls lkexzh fopj.k dh x.kuk dhft, %&

Calculate Material Variances from the following informations :­ izeki (Standard) : Material 'A' : 70 units @ Rs. 3 per unit Material 'B' : 30 units @ Rs. 4 per unit izeki mRiknu % 100 bdkb;k¡ (Standard output : 100 units) okLrfod (Actual) : Material 'A' : 80 units @ Rs. 5 per unit Material 'B' : 40 units @ Rs. 3 per unit okLrfod mRiknu % 120 bdkb;k¡ (Actual output : 120 units)

2-

fuEukafdr lwpuk;sa miyC/k gSa %& LFkk;h O;; (Fixed Expenses) ­ Rs. 750000 ifjoÙkZu'khy O;; (Variable Expenses) ­ Rs. 20 per unit foØ; ewY; (Selling Price) ­ Rs. 30 per unit fuEukafdr dh x.kuk dhft, %&

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) BEP in units and BEP in Rupees Margin of Safety Sales Volume to earn a profit of Rs. 60,000 What additional sales are required to earn a profit of Rs. 30,000 The following information's are available :­

3-

iVuk bysfDVªdYl dk 31 ekpZ] 2008 rFkk 2009 dk vkÆFkd fpV~Bk fuEukafdr gS %&

The Balance Sheet of Patna Electricals Ltd. on 31st March, 2008 and 2009 are given below :­

nkf;Ro (Liabilities) va'k iw¡th

(Share Capital)

2008 2009 6]00]000 7]00]000 & 50]000 1]00]000 60]000 1]70]000 50]000 60]000 40]000 80]000 50]000

lEifÙk;k¡ (Assets) Hkwfe Hkou

(Land and Building)

2008 2009 2]00]000 3]00]000 3]00]000 2]00]000 1]50]000 2]80]000 2]50]000 1]50]000 80]000 50]000

va'k izhfe;e

Iyk.V ,oa e'khu pkyw lEifÙk

lap; (Reserve) nh?kZdkyhu _.k ykHk gkfu [kkrk pkyw nkf;Ro

(Share Premium)

(Plant and Machinery) QuhZpj (Furniture) (Current Assets)

(Long-term Loans) (Profit and Loss A/C) (Current Liabilities)

izkjafHkd O;;

(Preliminary Expenses)

9]80]000 9]80]000

9]80]000 9]80]000

mijksDr lwpukvksa ls dks"k izokg fooj.k rS;kj dhft, A

vfrfjDr lwpuk,¡ (Additional Information) :­ (i) Depreciation on Plant is Rs. 50,000. (ii) During the year, the Company paid dividend Rs. 30,000.

From the above informations, you are required to prepare a Fund Flow Statement.

P.T.O.

4-

ikapkyh fyOE ls lEcfU/kr vuqikr uhps fn;s x;s gSa %&

The ratios relating to Panchali Ltd. are given below :­ Gross Profit Ratio ­ 20% Debtors' Turnover Ratio ­ 5 times Creditors Turnover Ratio ­ 6 times Stock Turnover Ratio ­ 10 times

ldy ykHk 50]000 #OE gS A vfUre LVkWd] izkjafHkd LVkWd ls 5000 #OE vf/kd gS A

Gross Profit for the year Rs. 50,000. Closing stock is Rs. 5000 more than opening stock.

5-

izca/kdh; ys[kkfof/k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, \ izca/kdh; ys[kkfof/k rFkk foÙkh; ys[kkadu esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A

Define Management Accounting. Distinguish between Management Accounting and Financial Accounting.

6789-

,d O;kolkf;d laLFkk }kjk rS;kj dh tkus okyh fofHkUu izdkj ds ctVksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the different types of budget which are generally prepared by a business concern.

jksdM+ izokg fooj.k D;k gS \ ;g dSls rS;kj fd;k tkrk gS \

What is Cash Flow Statement ? How is it prepared ?

ctVjh fu;a=.k dk egÙo ,oa lhekvksa dh foospuk dhft, \

Discuss the importance and limitations of budgetary control ?

izca/k gsrq izfrosnu D;k gS \ ,d vPNs izfrosnu ds vko';d xq.kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What is Reporting to Management ? Discuss the essential analytics of a good report ?

10- foÙkh; fo'ys"k.k D;k gS \ foÙkh; fo'ys"k.k ds fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, \

What is Financial Analysis ? Discuss the different techniques of Financial Analysis ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­I, Paper­VI (Financial Management) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

O;olk; esa foÙk dh vko/kkj.kk dh O;koLFkk dhft, rFkk O;olk; esa nh/kZ dkyhu ,oa vYi dkyhu foÙk ds fofHkUu lk/kuksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain the concept of finance in business and discuss different sources of long term and short term finance in business.

23-

foÙkh; izcU/k D;k gS \ bldk O;olk; ds vU; igyqvksa ls D;k lEcU/k gS \

What is Financial Management ? What are its relations with other aspects of business ?

iw¡th ctfVax dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk iw¡th ctfVax dh izÑfr] egRo ,oa pj.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define capital budgeting and discuss nature, significance and stages of capital budgeting.

4-

ifj;kstuk ewY;kadu dh iquHkZqxrku&okilh vof/k&fof/k D;k gS \ bldh x.kuk fdl izdkj dh tkrh gS A

What is Pay-back Period Method for evaluating a Project ? How is it calculated ?

56789-

foÙkh; fu;kstu D;k gS \ bldh izÑfr ,oa izdkj dh foospuk dhft, A

What is Financial Planning ? Discuss its nature and types.

foÙkh; fu;a=.k dh izpfyr fof/k;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the popular techniques of Financial Control.

izfr/kkfjr ykHk D;k gS \ bldh ykxr&x.kuk fof/k dh foospuk dhft, A

What is retained earnings ? Discuss the procedure of calculation of cost of this capital.

yhojst ls D;k vk'k; gS \ yhojst fdrus izdkj ds gksrs gSa \ O;k[;k dhft, A

What is mean by leverage ? What are the various types of leverage ? Explain.

lk[k&fo'ys"k.k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bl izdkj ds fo'ys"k.k ds fofHkUu igyw D;k gS \

What do you mean by credit analysis ? What are the various aspects of such analysis ?

10- iw¡th&<kapk ¼lajpuk½ ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ iw¡th&lajpuk rS;kj djrs le; fdu dkjdkas ij /;ku nsuk pkfg, \ mudk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you mean by Capital Structure ? Discuss the factors which should be considered while designing the capital structure.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­I, Paper­VII (Marketing Management) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

foi.ku dh ifjHkk"kk nsa rFkk vk/kqfud ;qx esa blds egRo ij izdk'k Mkysa A foi.ku vkSj foØ;.k esa varj Li"V djsa A

Define Marketing and discuss it importance in modern age. Distinguish between Marketing and Selling.

23-

foi.ku feJ.k dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, rFkk pkj ^ih* dh vo/kkj.kk dk foLrkj dhft, A

Define Marketing Mix and expand the concept of Four 'Ps.'

foi.ku i;kZoj.k ds O;f"V vkSj lef"V la?kVdksa dk o.kZu djsa] rFkk foi.ku fu.kZ;ksa ij muds izHkko dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Discuss the micro and macro components of marketing environment and examine their impact on marketing decisions.

45-

miHkksDrk O;ogkj ds izeq[k fl)karksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

State the main principles of consumer behaviour.

mRikn tho&pØ dh vo/kkj.kk Li"V dhft, vkSj mu rjhdksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, ftuls mRikn ds thou&pØ dk foLrkj fd;k tk ldrk gS A

Explain the concept of Product life Cycle and examine the various ways in which the life cycle of a product may be extended.

6-

mRikn&feJ.k dk vFkZ Li"V dhft, A mRikn&feJ.k esa ifjorZuksa dks dkSu&dkSu rRo izHkkfor djrs gSa \

Explain the meaning of Product Mix. What factors influence changes in product mix ?

78-

ewY;&fu/kkZj.k ds izeq[k mís'; D;k gSa \ ewY;&fu/kkZj.k dh fof/k Li"V dhft, A

What are the major objectives of price-determination ? Explain the pricing method.

foi.ku vuqla/kku dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, rFkk foi.ku dk;ZØeksa dh lQyrk esa bldh Hkwfedk Li"V dhft, A

Define Marketing Research and discuss its role in the success of marketing programmes.

9-

foi.ku laizs"k.k ds izeq[k dk;ksZa vkSj la?kVdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the major functions and components of Marketing Communication.

10- foKkiu D;k gS \ foKkiu ds fy, mi;qDr ek/;e p;u dh fof/k crykb, A

What is Advertising ? State the method of an appropriate media selection in advertising.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­I, Paper­VIII (Human Resource Management) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

ekuo lalk/ku izcaU/k D;k gS \ bldh Hkwfedk ,oa dk;ks± dh foospuk dhft, A

What is human resource management ? Discuss its role and functions.

HkrhZ ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ HkrhZ dh izfØ;k dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you understand by recruitment ? Explain the process of recruitment.

vk/kqfud dky esa dk;Z fo'ys"k.k dk D;k vkSfpR; gS \ dk;Z fo'ys"k.k ds fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is the relevance of Job Analysis in modern times. Discuss various methods of Job Analysis.

4-

izf'k{k.k ds fofHkUu fl)kUrksa dh foospuk dhft, A izf'k{k.k nsus ds fofHkUu rjhdksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss various principles of training and state the various method of training.

5678-

{kfriwÆÙk dh vo/kkj.kk dks foLrkfjr dhft, rFkk {kfriwÆÙk ds izdkjksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Elaborate the concept of compensation and discuss various types of compensation.

fu"iknu&vkdyu dh eq[; fof/k;ksa dk ewY;kadu djsa A

Evaluate the main methods of performance appraisal.

vkS|ksfxd lEcU/k ds igyw D;k gSa \ o.kZu dhft, A

What are the important aspects of Industrial Relation ? Describe it.

Jfedksa dh izcU/k esa lgHkkfxrk ds mís'; vkSj rjhds Li"V dhft, A Hkkjr esa bldh lhfer lQyrk ds dkj.k crkb, A

Explain the objects and methods of Workers Participation in Management. Account for its limited success in India.

9-

Hkkjrh; Jfed la?k vkUnksyu dk bfrgkl izLrqr dhft, A

Give the history of Indian Trade Union movement after Independence.

10- vkS|ksfxd fookn ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ vkS|ksfxd fooknksa ds egÙoiw.kZ dkj.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you understand by Industrial Dispute ? Discuss the important causes of Industrial Disputes.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­II, Paper­IX

(International Business Environment)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

foi.ku dh izÑfr vkSj blds dk;Z&{ks= dh foospuk dhft, A vk/kqfud vFkZO;oLFkk esa foi.ku dh vko';drk dk ewY;kadu izLrqr dhft, A

Explain the nature and scope of marketing. Assess the need for marketing in modern economy.

23-

,d lQy vkSj izHkkodkjh foi.ku fu;kstu dh izfØ;k dh foospuk dhft, A

Analyse the process of a successful and effective marketing planning.

cktkj voLFkkiu dk D;k vFkZ gS \ cktkj voLFkkiu dh fofHkUu j.kuhfr;ksa vkSj vk/kkjksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is the meaning of marketing positioning ? Discuss the different strategies and bases of market Positioning.

45-

Ø; izsj.kk D;k gS \ bls dkSu rÙo izHkkfor djrs gSa \

What is Buying Motive ? What factors influence it ?

mRikn fofo/krk D;k gS \ bUgsa izfjr djus okys rRoksa dk foospu dhft, A mRikn fofo/krk vkSj mRikn foHksnhdj.k esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A"

What is Product Diversification ? Discuss the factors which encourage diversification. Distinguish between Product Diversification and Product Differentiation.

67-

mRikn&feJ.k dk vFkZ Li"V dhft, A mRikn&feJ.k esa ifjorZuksa dks dkSu&dkSu rRo izHkkfor djrs gSa \

Explain the meaning of Product Mix. What factors influence changes in product mix ?

czk.M dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, rFkk foi.ku dh lQyrk esa bldk egRo crykb, A czk.M vkSj VªsMekdZ ds e/; varj Li"V dhft, A

Define a Brand and discuss its importance in marketing. Distinguish between a Brand and Trade Mark.

8-

,d O;olk; ds ewY;&fu/kkZj.k ds mís';ksa dh foospuk dhft, A ,d cMs+ O;olk; esa ewY;&fu/kkZj.k dks izHkkfor djus okys ?kVdksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the objectives of pricing of a firm. Explain the factors which influence price determination is a large business.

9-

foi.ku vuqla/kku dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A foi.ku dk;ZØeksa dh lQyrk esa bldh Hkwfedk Hkh Li"V dhft, A

Define Marketing Research. Also, discuss its role in the success of marketing programmes.

10- foi.ku laizs"k.k ds izeq[k dk;ksZa vkSj la?kVdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the major functions and components of Marketing Communication.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­II, Paper­X

(International Marketing Management)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

vUrjkZ"Vªh; foi.ku dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, ,oa Qeks± ds vUrjkZ"Vªh; cktkj esa izos'k djus ds dkj.kksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Explain the concept of international marketing and state the reasons for the firms to enter international market.

234-

vUrjkZ"Vªh; foi.ku esa fufgr in&nj&in izfØ;k dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the step by step process involved in international marketing.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; foi.ku foHkktu dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk blds vk/kkjksa dk foospu dhft, A

Define international marketing segmentation and discuss its bases.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; cktkj izos'k ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ vUrjkZ"Vªh; cktkj izos'k ds fofHkUu rjhdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by international market entry ? Discuss various modes of international market entry.

5-

czkÇUMx ds mís'; ,oa ykHkksa dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk vUrjkZ"Vªh; foi.ku ds czkÇUMx j.kuhfr;ksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Explain the objectives and advantages of branding and examine the branding strategies for international marketing.

678-

vUrjkZ"Vªh; foi.ku esa ewY; fu/kkZj.k dh izeq[k fof/k;ksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the important methods of pricing in international marketing.

vUrjkZ"Vªh; foi.ku lapkj ds mís'; ,oa Hkwfedk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on objectives and role of international marketing communication.

9-

foHksn Li"V dhft, (Distinguish between) :­ (a) ?kjsyq ,oa vUrjkZ"Vªh; fu;a=.k izfØ;k (Domestic and international control operation) (b) ?kjsyq ,oa vUrjkZ"Vªh; foi.ku fu;kstu (Domestic and international marketing planning) ^^xSV~l us lsokvksa esa vUrjkZ"Vªh; foi.ku ds fofHkUu dkuwuh vM+puksa dks nwj fd;k gS A** foospuk dhft, A

"GATS eliminates various legal barriers to international marketing in services". Discuss.

10- vUrjkZ"Vªh; foi.ku 'kks/k D;k gS \ vUrjkZ"Vªh; foi.ku 'kks/k dh tfVyrkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is International Marketing Research ? Discuss the complexities of international marketing research.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­II, Paper­XI

(Financial Management)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

O;olk; esa foÙk dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk O;kolkf;d foÙk esa izcU/kdh; n`f"Vdks.k dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the concept of finance in business and explain the managerial approach to the area of business Finance.

2-

foÙkh; izcU/k dh izÑfr ,oa {ks= dh foospuk dhft, A ,d dEiuh esa foÙkh; izcU/k ds laxBu rFkk mÙkjnkf;Roksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the nature and scope of Financial Management. Explain the organization and responsibilities of financial management in a company.

34567-

ifj;kstuk ewY;kadu dh iquHkqZxrku&okilh vof/k&fof/k D;k gS \ bldh x.kuk fdl izdkj dh tkrh gS A

What is Pay-back Period Method for evaluating a Project ? How is it calculated ?

foÙkh; fu;kstu D;k gS \ foÙkh; fu;kstu esa eqæk LQhfr ds izHkkoksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is Financial Planning ? Explain the impact of inflation on Financial Planning.

iw¡thdj.k ds fl)kUrksa dh lksnkgj.k O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the theories of capitalization with example.

izfr/kkfjr ykHk D;k gS \ bldh ykxr&x.kuk fof/k dh foospuk dhft, A

What is retained earnings ? Discuss the procedure of calculation of cost of this capital.

iw¡th&ykxr dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, vkSj foÙkh; fu.kZ;u esa iw¡th&ykxr dh Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft, A

Define cost of Capital and discuss the role of cost of Capital in the process of financial decision-marking.

89-

dEiuh dh _.k&{kerk D;k gS \ blds eki&vk/kkjksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is Debt. Capacity of a Company ? Discuss the bases of its measurement.

dk;Z'khy iw¡th dh ^ldy* ,oa ^'kq)* vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, A blesa ls fdl vo/kkj.kk dks vki ilan djrs gSa vkSj D;ksa \

Explain the 'Gross' and 'Net' concepts of working capital. Which of these concepts do you prefer and why ?

10- ,d QeZ ds izkI;ksa ds izcU/k ds mís'; D;k gSa \ izkI;ksa ls tqM+s fofHkUu izdkj dh ykxrksa o tksf[keksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What are the objectives of receivables management of a firm ? Discuss the various types of costs and risks associated with receivables.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­II, Paper­XII (Export-Import Procedures and Documentation) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

Hkkjr ds vk;kr&fu;kZr uhfr ds mís';ksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the objectives of India's Export-Import Policy.

fu;kZr foØ; vuqca/k dh izd`fr dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk ?kjsyw foØ; vuqca/k ,oa fu;kZr foØ; vuqca/k esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A

Explain the nature of export sales contract and distinguish between domestic sales contract and export sales contract.

3-

eq[; okf.kT; izi= D;k gSa\ fcYVh ¼fcy vkWQ ysafMx½ ,oa gq.Mh ¼fcy vkWQ ,Dlpast½ dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dks fyf[k, A

What are major commercial documents? Write major characteristic of Bill of lading and bill of exchange.

4-

bZOEMhOEvkbZOE ¼byksDVªksfud MkVk bUVjpsat½ dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk ,d bOEMhOEvkbZOE iz.kkyh ds eq[; /kVdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define E.D.I. (Electronic Data Interchange) and discuss key components of and E.D.I. system.

5678-

fu;kZr O;kikj eas Hkqxrku ds fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain various methods of Payment in export business.

fons'kh fofue; dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk fons'kh fofue; fu;=.k ds mís';ksa dh foospuk dhft,A

Define foreign exchange and discuss objective of foreign exchange control.

vkbZOE ,lOE vksOE 9000 ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ bl izdkj ds ekudks ls D;k ykHk gS \ foospuk dhft,A

What do you mean by I.S.O. 9000? What are benefits of these standards? Discuss.

uSHkkj ¼dkxksZ½ chek dh vko';drk D;ksa gksrh gS \ dkxksZ chek iksfylh eas mu fofHkUu izdkj ds tksf[keksa dk o.kZu dhft, ftlds fo:) chek lqj{kk izkIr fd;s tk ldrs gSa A

Why Cargo insurance is needed? Describe various types of perils in cargo insurance policy against which insurance cover can be obtained.

9-

vk;kr dkxksZ ds dLVe Dyh;jsUl ls lacaf/kr eq[; vf/kfu;eksa dh la{ksi esa O;k[;k dhft,A

Explain in brief main Acts related to custom clearance of import cargo. "Export incentives have become a universal practice." Discuss.

10- ^^fu;kZr izsj.kk,¡ ,d loZO;kih iz;kl gks x;h gSaA foospuk dhft,A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­II, Paper­XIII (Strategic Management) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

j.kuhfr izca/k D;k gS \ blds Lrjksa] rRoksa ,oa ykHkksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is Strategic Management ? Discuss its levels, elements and benefits.

^^okrkoj.k** in dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk ;g foospu dhft, fd j.kuhfr izca/k esa okrkoj.k fo'ys"k.k D;ksa vko';d gS \

Explain the term "Environment" and discuss why environment analysis is necessary in strategic management ?

3-

j.kuhfr izca/k izfØ;k D;k gS \ j.kuhfr izca/k izfØ;k esa fofHkUu pj.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is Strategic Management Process ? Discuss various steps in strategic management process.

4-

lajpuk ds j.kuhfr dh vko';drk ds vuq:i gksuk D;ksa vko';d gS \ laxBu lajpuk ds fu/kkZjdksa dk foospu dhft, A

Why matching of structure to the need of strategy is important ? Discuss determinants of Organization Structure.

56789-

usr`Ro D;k gS \ j.kuhfr izca/k esa usr`Ro dh Hkwfedk rFkk dk;ksZ dk o.kZu dhft, A

What is leadership ? Discuss the role and functions of leadership in strategic management .

tulk/kkj.k dks laHkkyus dk ^egkea=* D;k gS \ O;k[;k dhft, A

What is 'mahamantra' for handling people ? Explain.

^^usrk tUe ls gksrs gSa vkSj cuk;s ugha tkrs** D;k vki bl dFku ls lger gSa \ foospu dhft, A

"Leaders are born and not made." Do you agree with the statement ? Discuss.

izkS|ksfxdh ds fy, fu;kstu ds vko';d ?kVd D;k gSa \ O;k[;k dhft, A

What are the essential components of planning for technology ? Explain.

lkekftd vads{k.k D;k gS \ lkekftd vads{k.k ds izdkjksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is Social Audit ? Discuss types of social audit.

10- izkS|ksfxdh LFkkukUrj.k ds fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the various modes of technology transfer.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­II, Paper­XIV (International Business Finance) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

vUrjkZ"Vªh; eqnzk iz.kkyh ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ vUrjkZ"Vªh; eqnzk iz.kkyh ds fodkl dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do you understand by International Monetary System ? Describe the evolution of international monetary system.

2-

;wjks ckSaM~l D;k gSa \ budh fo'ks"krk,¡ D;k gS \ ;wjks okSaM~l ,oa fons'kkh ckSaM~l esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A

What are Euro Bonds ? What are its characteristics ? Distinguish between Euro bond and Foreign Bonds.

34-

vUrjkZ"Vªh; eqnzk cktkj ;a=koyh dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the international money market mechanism.

Hkqxrku larqyu dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk Hkqxrku larqyu ,oa O;kikj larqyu ds chp [kkl mnkgj.kksa ds lkFk foHksn dhft, A

Explain the concept of Balance of Payment and distinguish between balance of payment and balance of trade with specific illustrations.

56-

fons'kh fofue; cktkj D;k gSa \ fons'kh fofue; lkSnksa ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What are foreign exchange markets ? Explain the different types of foreign exchange transaction.

vuqokn vjf{krrk D;k gS \ vuqokn vjf{krrk dks laHkkyus ds Q.M izokg lkeatu ,oa vjf{krrk ca/ku rduhd dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is Translation Exposure ? Explain funds flow Adjustment and Exposure Netting technique to manage Translation Exposure.

78-

cgqís'kh; dkjiksjs'ku ds vFkZ] j.kuhfr ,oa rdZ/kkj dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the meaning, Strategy and rational of multinational corporation.

izkstsDV ewY;kadu ds fofHkUu xSj&Mh-lh-,Q ,ao Mh-lh-,Q rduhd dh O;k[;k dhft, A buesa ls dkSu lh rduhd vkidh utj esa csgrj gS vkSj D;ksa gS \

Explain the various non-DCF and DCF techniques of project appraisal which of the techniques in your opinion is better and why ?

9-

iw¡th ds ewY; ds laca/k esa lh-,-ih-,e- ekWMsy dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain C.A.P.M. model in relation of cost of capital.

10- tCrhdj.k D;k gS \ tCrhdj.k dh izfØ;k dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk foospu dhft, fd ;g fdl rjg fu;kZrd dks ykHk igq¡pkrk gS A

What is Forfeiting ? Explain the procedure of Forfeiting and discuss how does it benefit the exporters.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Commerce

Part­II, Paper­XV (Corporate Tax Planning and Management) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

foi.ku laHkkjra= dh vo/kkj.kk dh foospuk dhft, rFkk mu dkjdksa dh O;k[;k dhft, tks vUrjkZ"Vªh; laHkkjra= dks ?kjsyw laHkkjra= ls vUrj djrk gS A

Discuss the concept of marketing logistics and explain the factors that make international logistics different from domestic logistics.

2-

Hkkjr esa vk;kr&fu;kZr dkxksZ ds lapkyu esa ns'kh; ty ifjogu dk mi;ksx cgqr de D;ksa gksrk gS \ bl fLFkfr esa lq/kkj dSls gks ldrk gS A

Why is inland water transport rarely used for movement of export-import cargo in India ? How can the situation be improved ?

3-

os;j gkmÇlx dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk O;kikj esa os;j gkmÇlx dh Hkwfedk dk ewY;kadu dhft, rFkk blds dk;ks± dk o.kZu dhft, A

Explain the concept of ware housing and evaluate the role of warehousing in business and describe its functions.

4-

buosUVªh fu;a=.k dh vo/kkj.kk ,oa mís';ksa dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk buosUVªh fu;a=.k dh rduhd dh foospuk dhft, A vUrjkZ"Vªh; O;kikj ds fy, leqæh ifjogu ds egÙo dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk cM+s dkxksZ ,oa lkekU; dkxksZ ds fy, ukSifjogu lsokvksa dh lajpuk dks js[kkafdr dhft, A vk/kkuhdj.k ¼dkWUVsujkbts'ku½ dh vo/kkj.kk dh foospuk dhft, rFkk bldh vko';drk ,oa vk;keksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

5-

Explain the concept and objectives of inventory control and discuss techniques of inventory control.

Explain the significance of ocean transport for international trade and delineate the structure of shipping services for bulk cargo and general cargo.

67-

Discuss the concept of containerization and describe its need and dimensions.

^^fo'o dh vkÆFkd fLFkfr ,oa fo'o O;kikj ,d&nwljs ls cgqr utnhd ls lEcfU/kr gSa** A bl dFku dk foospu dhft, A

"The world economic situation and the world trade are very closely related". Discuss this statement.

8-

Hkkjr esa ukSifjogu ds ,sfrgkfld fodkl dk o.kZu Lora=rk izkfIr ds ckn dh vof/k ij tksj nsrs gq, dhft, A ykbuj ukSifjogu izfØ;k esa lEesyu i)fr ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bldh mi;ksfxrk rFkk ,dhdj.k O;oLFkk dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, A

9-

Describe the historical development of shipping in India with an emphasis on post independent period.

What do you understand by the conference system in liner shipping operations. Explain its utility and the concept of pooling arrangements.

10- ^^dSfj;j vkWQ xqM~l ckbZ lh ,DV] 1925** ds vUrxZr ,d laokgd ds dÙkZO; ,oa nkf;Ro D;k&D;k gSa \

What are the duties and liabilities of a carrier under the "Carrier of Goods by Sea Act., 1925".

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

¼Hkkstiqjh lkfgR; dk bfrgkl½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­I

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nha A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ck A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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lkfgR;sfrgkl ds ik'pkR; n`f"V ij ,xks fuca/k fy[kha A Hkkstiqjh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl&fuekZ.k lEca/kh vk/kkjHkwr lkexzh ds fooj.k izLrqr djha A Hkkstiqjh lkfgR; ds dky&foHkktu vk ukedj.k ds vk/kkj ds vkSfpR; ds fo'ysf"kr djha A Hkkstiqjh ds vkfn dfo ds :i esa jmvk dsdjk ds ekU;rk ns rkuha \ rdZiw.kZ mÙkj nhgha A fl) lkfgR; ds Hkk"kk ij fopkj djha vk vksg esa Hkkstiqjh rÙo ij izdk'k Mkyha A HkfDrdky ds mn~Hko ds dkj.k ij izdk'k Mkyha A Hkkstiqjh lar lkfgR; ds fofHkUu izo`fÙk;u ds ifjp; nhgha A dchj ds dkO; esa izrhd&;kstuk ij fopkj djha A lar lkfgR; ds izeq[k dfo;u ds fopkj/kkjk ij izdk'k Mkyha A

10- ^ljHkax* 'kCn ls dk le>r ckuha \ ,dj vFkZ fy[kha vk ijEijk crk;ha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

¼Hkkstiqjhrj vU; {ks=h; Hkk"kk&lkfgR; ds v/;;u½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­II

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nha A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ck A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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vo/kh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl ds dky&foHkktu djr vksdj miyfC/k ds :ijs[kk [khapha A vo/kh lkfgR; ds pmFkdk mRFkku dky ij ,xks foLr`r fVIi.kh fy[kha A vo/kh ds mYys[; xzaFk vk xzaFkdkju i ,xks leh{kkRed vkys[k fy[kha A eSfFkyh Hkk"kk ds mn~Hko vk fodkl i ,xks NksVgu fucU/k fy[kha A exgh Hkk"kk ds ukedj.k vk fodkl&;k=k ij ,xks fucU/k fy[kha A exgh yksdlkfgR; ij ,xks fucU/k fy[kha A cfTtdk Hkk"kk ds ukedj.k vk {ks= ds ckjs esa foLrkj ls crkb± A cfTtdk ds yksd lkfgR; ds lkekU; ifjp; izLrqr djha A vafxdk Hkk"kk ds ukedj.k vk {ks= fo"k;d fo}ku~ yksx dk fopkju ds ewY;kadu djha A

10- vafxdk yksdlkfgR; ds v/;;u ijEijk ij ,xks fucU/k fy[kha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

¼Hkkjrh; dkO;'kkL=½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­III

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nha A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ck A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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dkO; ds y{k.k i izdk'k Mkyha A dkO; ds gsrq ds lEcU/k esa foLrkj ls fopkj djha A dkO; ds dk iz;kstu gksyk \ foospu djha A 'kCn'kfDr dsdjk dgy tkyk vk dsruk rjg ds 'kCn'kfDr gksyk \ vyadkj lEiznk; ij ,xks y?kq fucU/k fy[kha A oØksfDr dk cks/k Li"V djr dqard ds dkO;&fl)kUr ds foospu djha A /ofu fl)kUr ds tue vk fodkl i ,xks NksV fucU/k fy[kha A jl&fl)kUr dk g \ jlkuqHkwfr dbls gksyk \ HkV~V yksYyV ds fl)kUr ds O;k[;k djha A

10- lk/kkj.khdj.k dk g \

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

¼Hkkstiqjh vkykspuk lkfgR;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­IV

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nha A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ck A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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vkykspuk ds druk izdkj gks ldr ck \ vksdjk eq[; izdkju ds ppkZ djha vk vksdj egÙo crykb± A vkykspuk&lekykspuk&leh{kk dk g \ Hkkjrh; vkykspuk&iz.kkyh ds fo'ks"krk ds ckjs esa crykb± A Hkkstiqjh ds O;kogkfjd vkykspuk ds bfrgkl ij la{ksi esa izdk'k Mkyha A Hkkstiqjh lkfgR; ds iqLrdu ds ^iqLrd&leh{kk* i=&if=du esa izdkf'kr gksyk A dk bZ lHk Hkkstiqjh vkykspuk ds lkexzh cu ldsyk \ Hkkstiqjh ds vkykspuk&iqLrd ds leh{kkRed bfrgkl fy[kha A ^ukFk* th Hkkstiqjh lkfgR; ds izkjfEHkd vkykspd gb± A ,g dFku ds iqf"V mudk }kjk Hkkstiqjh yksd lkfgR; vk f'k"V lkfgR; ds vkykspuk ds mYys[k djr djha A iaOE x.ks'k pkScs ds Hkkstiqjh vkykspuk lkfgR; esa ;ksxnku ds C;ksjk nha vk vksg ij fopkj djha A ^^egs'ojkpk;Z th ds Hkkstiqjh lkfgR; ds leh{kk esa egÙoiw.kZ ;ksxnku ck A** ,g dFku ds iqf"V djha A izksOE cztfd'kksj ds leh{kk lkfgR; ds ifjp;kRed bfrgkl fy[kha A

10- MkWOE xnk/kj Çlg ds Hkkstiqjh lkfgR; esa leh{kkRed ;ksxnku ds ppkZ djha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

iz;kstuewyd Hkkstiqjh ¼O;kogkfjd Hkkstiqjh½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­V

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nha A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ck A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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^iz;kstuewydrk* ls jmvk dk le>r ckuh] ,djk ds Li"V djr iz;kstuewyd Hkk"kk ds Lo:i ij izdk'k Mkyha A iz;kstuewyd Hkk"kk vk lkfgfR;d Hkk"kk esa dk varj ck \ iz;kstuewyd Hkk"kk ds dsruk :i gksyk \ foLrkj ls crkbZa A ^vuqokn* ls dk le>r ckuh vk vuqokn dsruk izdkj ds gksyk \ ikfjHkkf"kd 'kCn ls dk le>r ckuh \ vksdjk fo'ks"krk ij izdk'k Mkyha A ^la{ksi.k* ls jmvk dk le>r gbZa \ ^vk'k;* vk ^fu"d"kZ* ls ,djk esa dk varj ck \ fVii.kh ls jmvk dk le>r gbZa \ lkekU; fVIi.kh vk dk;kZy;h fVIi.kh esa dk Qjd gksyk \ izk:i.k ls jmvk dk le>r gbZa \ vkiu cfgu ds fcvkg ds usork ds izk:i rS;kj djha A

10- ^tulapkj* ds dk vFkZ gksyk \ vksdj izeq[k Hksnu ij la{ksi esa izdk'k Mkyha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

¼Hkkstiqjh yksdlkfgR;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­VI

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nha A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ck A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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yksdlkfgR; ds laf{kIr ifjp; nhgha A yksdxhr ds ckjs esa dk tku· rkuh \ ,dj fo'ks"kru ij izdk'k Mkyha A yksdxhru ds oxhZdj.k ds foospu djr vkiu oxhZdj.k rdZiw.kZ <ax ls izLrqr djha A laLdkj dk g \ Hkkstiqjh {ks= esa dou&dou laLdkj vktks izpfyr ck vk vksdj dk egÙo ck \ >wej xhru ds fo'ks"krk ds foospu lksnkgj.k djha A yksdxkFkk dk g \ lfoLrkj ifjp; nha A f'k"Vdyk vk yksddFkk ij vkiu n`f"Vdks.k Li"V djha A yksdukVd ds fo'ks"krk vk izdkj ij izdk'k Mkyha A ^yksdxhru esa laLÑfr* fo"k; ij fucU/k fy[kha A

10- Hkkstiqjh yksdxhru ds izo`fÙk;u ij vkiu v/;;u izLrqr djha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

Part­I, Paper­VII

¼Hkkstiqjh dgkuh½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nha A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ck A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

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dgkuh esa dFkkud ds mi;ksfxrk vk egRo ij izdk'k Mkyha A Hkkstiqjh dgkuh ds fodkl ds f}rh; pj.k ¼lu~ 1962&90 bZOE½ ds eq[; miyfC/k;u ds js[kkafdr djha A dgkuh rRou ds n`f"V esa j[k ds ^eNjh* dgkuh ds fo'ys"k.k djha A ^viuk ?kj ds vkneh* ds dFkkoLrq ds leh{kkRed izLrqfr djha A ^cM+Iiu* dgkuh ds lajpuk&f'kYi ij la{ksi esa izdk'k Mkyha A dgkuh&dyk dk fnlkb± ^,xks vkmj vfHkeU;q* ds leh{kk djha A ^ewl&fcykb ds [ksy* 'kh"kZd ds lkFkZdrk ds foospuk djha A ^vijk/kh* dgkuh ds izfruk;d ds pfj=&fp=.k djha A ^dqUnu Çlg % dslj ckbZ* ds ukf;dk ds pfj=&fp=.k djha A

10- fefFkys'oj ds dgkuh ^frfjvk tue tfu nhg fc/kkrk* ds lkFkZdrk ds foospu djha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

¼Hkkstiqjh fucU/k laxzg½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Part­I, Paper­VIII

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nha A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ck A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

Hkkstiqjh Hkk"kk ds tfj;s i<+kos esa dou&dou dne mBkos ds iM+h vk vksg ls dk ykHk gksbZ A ,ij viuk 'kCn esa izdk'k Mkyha A Hkkstiqjh Hkk"kk ds ,d:irk [kkfrj x.ks'k pkScs ds nhgy lq>ko ij izdk'k Mkyha A ^dtyh cukjl d* fucU/k ds izfriknu 'kSyh ij izdk'k Mkyha A ^iugh* fucU/k ds vkykspukRed o.kZu djha A f[kfl;kby esgjk: vk xatsjh vkneh ls [kfV;k ds dk eryc ck A dkju crkcr fy[kha A ^ikuh* fucU/k ds lkjka'k fy[kha A ^tokuh* fucU/k ds fo"k;&oLrq ds ckjs esa foLrkj ls fy[kha A izLrqr fucU/k ^iqy detksj ck* ds nk'kZfud i{k vkmj lUnHkZ mtkxj djha A ^leqanj dk gyQu ls fHkM+ar* fucU/k ds [kkfl;r dk ck \ foLrkj ls fy[kha A

10- jktusrk vk vijk/kh xBtksM+ ls ns'k ds Nfo /kwfey gks jgy ck A ,g ij izdk'k Mkyha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

¼vk/kqfud Hkkstiqjh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

Part­II, Paper­IX

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

vk/kqfud Hkkstiqjh dfork ds dkO;&foHkktu vk ukedj.k ds dk vk/kkj ck \ ,dj O;kid leh{kk mnkgj.k lfgr izLrqr djha A vk/kqfud Hkkstiqjh dfork ds dkSu&dkSu eq[; dkO;&izo`fÙk ck \ , ij mnkgj.k lfgr O;kid izdk'k Mkyha A vk/kqfud Hkkstiqjh dfork esa Lora=rk iwoZ jk"Vªh; psruk vk ns'kHkfDr Hkkouk ds lksnkgj.k foospu djha A vk/kqfud Hkkstiqjh dfork esa Lora=rk izkfIr ds ckn lkekftd&jktuhfrd folaxfr;u ds lksnkgj.k fo'ys"k.k djha A Ñ".kkuan Ñ".k ds dgkuh&dyk ds ewY;kadu djha A MkWOE foosdh jk; ds miU;kl ^veaxy gkjh* ds leh{kk djha A jkes'ojukFk frokjh ds fucU/k ds ifjp; nha A Hkkstiqjh ukVd ds 'kq:vkr dkouk ukVd&xzaFk ls ekus ds pkgha \ crk¡b± A Hkkstiqjh i=&if=du ds bfrgkl fy[kha A

10- Hkkstiqjh vkykspuk ds bfrgkl ds fuekZ.k ds vk/kkj dk ck \ Hkkstiqjh ds O;kogkfjd vkykspuk ds bfrgkl ij la{ksi esa izdk'k Mkyha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

Part­II, Paper­X ¼Hkk"kk&foKku½ ¼Hkk"kk&foKku½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nh ghaA lc iz'u ds vad leku ck

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

Hkk"kk ds oSKkfud ifjHkk"kk fy[kha vk vksdj fo'ys"k.k djha A Hkk"kk foKku ds iz/kku vk xkS.k 'kk[kk ds foospu djha A Hkk"kk ds mn~Hko vk fodkl ds lanHkZ esa fofo/k fla)kUr ij izdk'k Mkyha A Hkk"kk ds fofo/k :iu ds laf{kIr ifjp; nha A Hkkstiqjh /ofuiu ds LFkkuxr vk iz;Ruxr laf{kIr fooj.k izLrqr djha A /ofu&ifjoÙkZu douk douk fn'kk esa gksyk \ lksnkgj.k mÙkj nha A okD; izdkju ij laf{kIr izdk'k Mkyha A vFkZ&ifjorZu ds dou&dou dkj.k ekuy xby ckM+s \ mnkgj.k ds lkFk mÙkj nh gha A Hkkstiqjh ukedj.k ds bfrgkl ij izdk'k Mkyha A

10- Hkkstiqjh Hkk"kk esa 'kCnu ds ekudhdj.k vk ,d:irk esa dou&dou ck/kd ck \

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

Part­II, Paper­XI {Hkkstiqjh x| ds vU; izeq[k fo/kk ¼:i½ ¼:i½} Hkks

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nh ghaA lc ds vad cjkcj ck A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

lkfgR; ds ,xks fo/kk ds :i esa js[kkfp= ds ifjp; nh gha A js[kkfp= ds :i esa ^lqjfr;k uk folj* xzaFk ds vkykspukRed ijh{k.k djha A ^lqjrk ds iFkkj* laLej.k ds eq[; Hkko viuk 'kCnu esa fy[kha A lkfgR; ds fo/kk ds :i esa laLej.k vk thouh ds chp Hksn ds js[kkafdr djha A ;k=k&o.kZu ds bfrgkl la{ksi esa fy[kha A lSyh vk flYi ds f[k;ky ls ;k=k&o.kZu ds fofHkUu :iu ds ifjp; nh gha A vkpk;Z egsanz 'kkL=h ds lkekftd fopkj ds ifjp; nh gha A vkpk;Z egsanz 'kkL=h ds LQqV dforu ds mnkgj.k lfgr ifjp; nh gha A ^,sud* esa of.kZr yksdfgr ds fo"k;u ds lekykspuk izLrqr djha A

10- ^,sud* jpuk esa izÑfr&o.kZu ds Li"V ifjp; nh gha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

Part­II, Paper­XII ¼ik'pkR; vkykspuk ,oa 'kSyhfoKku½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

nquw [kaMu ls iz'uu ds pquko djds dqy ik¡p iz'uu ds mÙkj nhaA lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ckA

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

^d* [k.M ^d*

12345678vjLrw ds vuqdj.k fl)kar ds ekSfydrk crkor vksdj fo'ys"k.k djha A vjLrw ds fojspu fl)kar ds iw.kZ O;k[;k djha vk ,dj mikns;rk i izdk'k Mkyha A VhOE,lOE bfy;V ds ijEijk vk oS;fDrd izKk fo"k;d fopkju ds foospuk djha A ewY; fl)kar ds vkykspukRed ifjp; nha A vfHkO;atuk fl)kar ds cks/k ds Li"V djr vksdj rkfRod foospu djha A dyk ds ,xks lehphu ifjHkk"kk nhgha A yfyr dyk vmj yfyr dyk ds Hksnfu ds foLrkj ls ppkZ djha A fcEc ds lkekU; vFkZ ds leq>kor vksdjk ifjHkk"kk i fopkj djha A

^[k* [k.M ^[k*

9'kSyh foKku ij ,xks lkjxfHkZr fuca/k fy[kha A 10- 'kSyh foKku ds vo/kkj.kk ds Li"V djha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

Part­II, Paper­XIII ¼Hkkstiqjh dkO;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

nquw [kaMu ls iz'uu ds pquko djds dqy ik¡p iz'uu ds mÙkj nhaA lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ckA

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

^d* [k.M ^d*

12izca/kdkO; ds vo/kkj.kk ij fopkj djr vksdjk Hksnu ds la{ksi esa ifjp; nha A dq¡oj flag ij vk/kkfjr izca/kdkO; ds ckjs esa la{ksi esa tkudkjh nsr ^dkyt;h dq¡oj flag* egkdkO; ds ifjp; nha A ^fo'okfe=* ds oLrq&f'kYi ij fopkj djha vk crkbZa fd bZ Hkkjrh; dkO;'kkL=h; fud"k ij [kjk mrjr ck A oLrq] f'kYi] jl&fo/kku] Hkkf"kd lajpuk vkfn ds n`f"V ls ^cq)k;u* ds fo'ys"k.k djha A Hkkjrh; vk ik'pkR; dkO;'kkL=h; fud"k ij ^nzkSinh* dgk¡ rd [kjk mrjr ck] foospuk djha A

3-

45-

[k.M ^[k* ^[k*

6789dchjnkl ds thou&ifjp; ij izdk'k Mkyha A dchjnkl ds jpuk ds lkfgfR;d foospu djha A ^douk Bxok uxfj;k ywVy gks* dfork ds leh{kk djha A lar dfo /kjuhnkl ds lkfgfR;d ifjp; ds foospu djha A

10- lar iyVwnkl ds lkfgfR;d nsu ds ppkZ djha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

Part­II, Paper­XIV ¼Hkkstiqjh miU;kl½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nha A lc iz'u ds vad leku ck A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

miU;kl ds eq[; rRou ij fopkj djha A miU;kl ds oxhZdj.k ds fofHkUu n`f"V;u ij fopkj djha A Hkkstiqjh miU;kl dk fodkl ds ,xks laf{kIr fooj.k izLrqr djha A Hkkstiqjh miU;kl ij leh{kk vk 'kks/k&dkiZ ds ewY;kadu djha A ^Qqylqa?kh* ds uk;d ds gks ldr ck \ rdZ dk lkFk foospu djha A ^Qqylqa?kh* uk¡o ds vkSfpR; ij vkiu fopkj rdZiw.kZ <ax ls fy[kha A ^bejhfr;k dkdh* ds dFkk ds egRo ij laf{kIr fVIi.kh fy[kha A ^^ ^bejhfr;k dkdh* ,xks ukf;dk&iz/kku miU;kl g A** ,g dFku ds leh{kk djha A ^xzke nsork* ds dFkkud ds la{ksi esa izLrqr djha A

10- ^xzke nsork* ds f'kYi&;kstuk ij izdk'k Mkyha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

Part­II, Paper­XV ¼Hkkstiqjh ukVd½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nha A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ckA mÙkj

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12345-

ukVd esa dFkkud ds fuekZ.k&lzksr vk vksg esa laokn ds Hkwfedk ij izdk'k Mkyha A ukVd esa xhr&u`R; ds egRo ij izdk'k Mkyha A Hkkstiqjh ukVd ds lu~ 1947&74 bZOE ds fodkl ds laf{kIr ifjp; nha A Hkkstiqjh ds lu~ 1974&2007 bZOE dk chp fy[ky xby ukVdu ds fo"k;&oLrq ij izdk'k Mkyha A fuEufyf[kr ukVddkju ds ifjp; nha %& ¼d½ ¼[k½ jkgqy lkaÑR;k;u jkes'oj flag ^dk';i*

6789-

fHk[kkjh Bkdqj dk ÑfrRo dk ckjs esa laf{kIr ifjp; nhgha A fHk[kkjh Bkdqj jfpr ^fcnsfl;k* ds dFkkud ds viuk 'kCn esa izLrqr djha A ^dsgw uk gekj* ukVd ds ukedj.k ij fopkj djha A ^dsgw uk gekj* ukVd ls dk lh[k feyrk \ foLrkj ls fy[kha A

10- ^'kq#vkr* ds dFkkud ds izLrqr djha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Bhojpuri}

Part­II, Paper­XVI ¼Hkkstiqjh ls brj Hkkjrh; lkfgR;½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 70

dksuks ik¡p iz'u ds mÙkj nha A lc iz'u ds vad cjkcj ckA

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123456789-

oSfnd lkfgR; ds ifjp; nhgha A okYehdh; jkek;.k ds izfrik| fo"k; ds viuk 'kCnu esa fy[kha A laLÑr ds egkdkO;u ds ifjp; nhgha A ey;kye miU;kl ds m}o vkSj fodkl ds ifjp; nha A dUuM+ lkfgR; ds tSu ;qx ds lkfgR;dkju ds ifjp; nha A xqtjkrh lkfgR; ds oS".ko HkfDr/kkjk ds dfo;u ds ifjp; nha A ck¡xyk ds oS".ko lkfgR; ds ifjp; nha A uthj vdcjkcknh ds ifjp; nha A rfey lkfgR; ds lqczã.; Hkkjrh ds nsu ds ewY;kadu djha A

10- ^^dchj KkukJ;h 'kk[kk ds Js"B dfo jguha A** ,dj foospuk djha A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­I (Principles of Education) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

12-

f'k{kk dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk f'k{kk ds mís';ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define Education and discuss aims of education.

f'k{kk esa ifjokj dh Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft, rFkk f'k{kk ds ,d vfHkdj.k ds :i esa Ldwy ds lkFk blds lEcU/kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Describe the role of family in education and explain its relationship with school as an agency of education.

3-

f'k{kk ds ,d egÙoiw.kZ vfHkdj.k ds :i esa fo|ky; dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk blds 'kSf{kd dk;ks± dh foospuk dhft, A

Define school as an important agency of education and discuss its educational functions.

4-

f'k{kk ds vfHkdj.k ls vkidk D;k vfHkizk; gS \ f'k{kk ds vkSipkfjd ,oa vukSipkfjd vfHkdj.kksa esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A

What do you mean by agency of education ? Distinguish between formal and informal agency of education.

5-

ikB~;Øe ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ ikB~;Øe fuekZ.k ds eq[; fl)kUr D;k gSa \

What do you mean by curriculum ? What are the main principles of curriculum construction ?

67-

jk"Vªh; 'kSf{kd vuqla/kku ,oa izf'k{k.k ifj"kn~ dh Hkwfedk ,oa dk;ks± dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the role and function of NCERT.

fuEufyf[kr dh O;k[;k dhft, %&

Explain the following :­ (a) izkS<+ f'k{kk (Adult Education) (b) nwjLFk f'k{kk (Distance Education)

8-

ewY;ijd f'k{kk dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk ewY;ijd f'k{kk ds mís'; ,oa ekxZn'kZd fl)kUrksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain in the concept of value education and discuss objective and guiding principles of value education.

9-

izkFkfed f'k{kk dh eq[; leL;k,¡ D;k gSa \ Hkkjr esa izkFkfed f'k{kk esa lq/kkj ds fy, f'k{kk uhfr] 1986 esa D;k vuq'kalk,¡ dh x;h gSa \

What are the main problems of primary education ? What are the recommendations of NPE, 1986 regarding the improvement of primary education in India ?

10- Ldwy Lrj dh orZeku ijh{kk iz.kkyh ds xq.k&nks"kksa dh leh{kk dhft, A

Analyze the merit and demerits of present examination system at the school level.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­I (Principles of Education) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

12-

ekuo thou ds fy, f'k{kk D;ksa vko';d gS \ f'k{kk ds lkekftd dk;ks± dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Why education is essential for human life ? Explain the social functions of education.

f'k{kk esa leqnk; dh Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft, rFkk f'k{kk ds ,d vfHkdj.k ds :i esa Ldwy ds lkFk blds lEcU/kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the role of community in education and explain its relationship with school as an agency of education.

34-

,d iztkrkaf=d lekt esa Ldwy dk LFkku ,oa mlds fofHkUu dk;ks± dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the place of school and its various functions in a democratic society.

yksdra= dh ewy vo/kkj.kk dh foospuk dhft, rFkk Hkkjr esa yksdra= vkSj f'k{kk ds chp ds lEcU/kksa dks Li"V dhft, A

Discuss the basic concept of democracy and elucidate the relationship between democracy and education in India.

5-

ek/;fed f'k{kk esa D;k =qfV;k¡ gSa \ muds fujkdj.k ds fy, ljdkj }kjk fd;s x;s dqN iz;klksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What are the main weaknesses of secondary education in India. Describe some of the efforts taken by central government to overcome them.

67-

mPp f'k{kk ds fodkl esa fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx dh Hkwfedk ,oa dk;ks± dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the role and functions of University Grants Commission in development of higher education.

fuEufyf[kr dh O;k[;k dhft, %&

Explain the following :­ (a) jk"Vªh; fodkl esa f'k{kk dh Hkwfedk (Role of Education in national development) (b) O;kolkf;dj.k (Vocationalization)

89-

^^fo|ky;h f'k{kk ,oa jk"Vªh; ,drk** ij fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on "School Education and National Integration".

Nk=&vlarks"k ds dkj.kksa ,oa ifj.kkeksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the causes and consequences of student unrest.

10- jk"Vªh; fodkl ds lUnHkZ esa Hkkjrh; lekt dh leL;kvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the problems of Indian Society in the context of National Development.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­II (Development of Education in India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123-

izkphu Hkkjr dh f'k{kk dh eq[; fo'ks"krk,¡ D;k Fkha \ foospuk dhft, A

What were the chief characteristics of education in Ancient India ? Discuss.

e/;dkyhu ;qx ds f'k{kk ds n'kZu] fl)kUr ,oa fof/k;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the Philosophy, Principles and Methods of education during medieval period.

lekt ls oafpr oxks± dh f'k{kk ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu laoS/kkfud izko/kkuksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the various constitutional provision related to education of deprive sections of the society.

4-

Hkkjrh; f'k{kk ds bfrgkl esa f'k{kk vk;ksx ¼1964&66½ dks ,d egÙoiw.kZ ,sfrgkfld ?kVuk D;ksa ekuk tkrk gS \ f'k{kk vk;ksx ds eq[; flQkfj'kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Why the Education Commission (1964-66) considered as a major land mark in the history of Indian Education ? Discuss main recommendation of the Education Commission (1964-1966).

56-

jk"Vªh; f'k{kk uhfr] 1968 ds eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the salient features of NPE, 1968.

lu~ 1986 dh jk"Vªh; f'k{kk uhfr esa lu~ 1992 ds fØ;kUo;u dk;ZØe esa tks lq/kkj gq, mudk fo'ys"k.k djrs gq, vius fopkj O;Dr dhft, A

Analyze the modification in Plan of Action (1992) from NPE (1986) and comment on them.

7-

lektokn dh izÑfr dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk lektokn ds lanHkZ esa Hkkjrh; f'k{kk dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain the nature of socialism and discuss Indian Education in the context of socialism.

89-

e/;dky esa ukjh f'k{kk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on Women Education in medieval India.

Hkkjr esa f'k{kd f'k{kk dh fLFkfr ij ,d fooj.kkRed fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a descriptive note on status of Teacher Education in India.

10- eUncqf) ckyd ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ eUncqf) ckykdsa dh igpku gsrq fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by mentally retorted child ? Discuss characteristics for identification of mentally retorted children.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­II (Development of Education in India) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

gS fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

lH;rk ds izkjEHk ls ysdj yxHkx 14oha 'krkCnh rd Hkkjr dh izkphu f'k{kk i)fr ds bfrgkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Trace the history of Ancient India education from down of civilization to sometime around fourteenth century A.D.

23-

e/;dkyhu Hkkjr dh f'k{kk dh eq[; fo'ks"krk,¡ D;k Fkha \ foospuk dhft, A

What were the chief characteristics of education in medieval India ? Discuss.

eqnkfy;j vk;ksx ¼1952&53½ us f'k{kk ds fdl {ks= ij cy fn;k \ eqnkfy;j vk;ksx ds eq[; flQkfj'kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Which sector of education did Mudaliyar Commission (1952-53) laid stress on ? Discuss the main recommendation of Mudaliyar Commssion.

45-

fo'ofo|ky; f'k{kk vk;ksx ¼1948&49½ ds eq[; flQkfj'kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the main recommendation of University Education Commission (1948-49).

f'k{kk ds jk"Vªh; <+k¡ps ls dk D;k vfHkizk; gS \ fo|kyh; ikB~;Øe ds ek/;e ls 'kSf{kd mís';ksa dks izkIr djus ds fy, f'k{kk vk;ksx ¼1964&66½ dh ifjdYiuk D;k Fkh \

What is the implications of a National System of education ? How did the Education Commission (1964-66) envisage achieving the educational objectives through organization of school curriculum ?

67-

jk"Vªh; f'k{kk uhfr] 1986 ds eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the salient features of Education Policy, 1986.

/keZfujis{krk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ /keZfujis{krk ds lanHkZ esa Hkkjrh; f'k{kk dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you understand by secularism ? Discuss Indian education in the context of secularism.

89-

izkphudky esa ukjh f'k{kk ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k, A

Write an essay on Women Education in ancient India.

f'k{kd ds ekufld LokLF; ls vkidk D;k vfHkizk; gS \ vlek;ksftr f'k{kd ds y{k.kksa dh foospuk dhft, rFkk vlk;kstu ds dkj.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you mean by mental health of teacher ? Discuss features of maladjusted teacher and explain reason for maladjustment.

10- fiNM+s ckyd ls vkidk D;k vFkZ gS \ fiNM+siu ds izdkj ,oa dkj.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by Backward Child ? Discuss kinds and causes of Backwardness.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­III (Philosophical Foundation of Education) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa dss vad leku gSa A d

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

n'kZu rFkk f'k{kk dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk n'kZu ,oa f'k{kk ds chp ds lEcU/kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Define Philosophy and Education and explain relationship between Philosophy and Education.

2-

,d v/;kid ds fy, f'k{kk n'kZu dk v/;;u fdruk egÙoiw.kZ gS \ oxZ eas f'k{kd ftu nSfud leL;kvksa dk lkeuk djrs gSa mlds lek/kku esa ;g dSls lgk;d gksrk gS \

How important is the study of philosophy of education for a teacher ? How does it help to solve the day-to-day problems that the teacher faces in the classroom ?

3-

fuEufyf[kr dk o.kZu dhft, %&

Describe the following :­ (a) n'kZu ,oa f'k{k.k fof/k;k¡ (Philosophy and Teaching Methods) (b) n'kZu ,oa f'k{kd (Philosophy and Teacher)

4-

ckS)dkyhu f'k{kk dh [kkl fo'ks"krkvksa dh igpku dhft, A vkt dh Hkkjrh; f'k{kk esa ;g fdl izdkj izklafxd gSa \

Identify the distinctive features of Buddhist Education. How are they relevant in today's education in India ?

567-

U;k; n'kZu esa fn;s x;s Kku fl)kUr dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the theory of knowledge as advocated in Naya Philosophy.

jfoUæ ukFk VSXksj ds 'kSf{kd fopkjksa dh izÑfr ,oa egRo dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the nature and importance of educational thought o Ravindranath Tagore.

egkRek xk¡/kh ,oa Jh vjfcUn ?kks"k ds 'kSf{kd fopkjksa esa foHksn dhft, A

Differentiate between educational philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi and Sri Aurobindo Ghosh.

8-

izÑfroknh f'k{kk n'kZu ds eq[; fl)kUrksa dh foospuk dhft, A orZeku ds lanHkZ esa izÑfroknh f'k{kk n'kZu dh izklafxdrk dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the main principles `of Naturalistic philosophy of education. Explain the relevance of Naturalistic philosophy of education in the present context.

9-

vk/kqfud f'k{kk ds fl)kUrksa ,oa iz;ksxksa esa iz;kstuokn ds izHkko dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the impact of pragmatism in modern educational thought and practice.

10- f'k{kk&n'kZu esa ekuorkokn dh vo/kkj.kk dk fo'ys"k.k dhft, A

Analyze the concept of Humanism as a philosophy of education.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­III (Philosophical Foundation of Education) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

12-

f'k{kk n'kZu dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk bldh izÑfr] vko';drk ,oa egÙo dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Define educational philosophy and explain its nature, need and importance.

fuEufyf[kr dk o.kZu dhft, %&

Describe the following :­ (a) n'kZu ,oa ikB~;Øe (Philosophy and Curriculum) (b) n'kZu ,oa vuq'kklu (Philosophy and Discipline)

3-

fdlh jk"Vª dk 'kSf{kd i)fr fdl ij mlds nk'kZfud fopkjksa ls izHkkfor gksrk gS \ foospuk dhft, A

How the educational system of a nation is influenced by its philosophical ideas ? Discuss.

45678-

tSu n'kZu ds 'kSf{kd ;ksxnku dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the educational contributions of Jain Philosophy.

osnkUr n'kZu esa fn;s x;s Kku ds fl)kUr dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the theory of knowledge as given in Vedanta.

jfoUæ ukFk VSxksj ds f'k{kk n'kZu dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the educational philosophy of Ravindra Nath Tagore.

xk¡/khth ds f'k{kk ds fl)kUr dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the educational theory of Gandhijee.

'kSf{kd fopkj/kkjk ds :i esa vkn'kZokn dh fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A ;g fdl gn rd izÑfrokn ls fHkUu gS \

Describe the characteristic of idealism as a school of educational philosophy. In what way its differ from Naturalism.

9-

vjfcUn ?kks"k ds f'k{kk&n'kZu ds vk/kkjHkwr fl)kUr D;k gSa \

What are the basic principles of educational philosophy of Aurobindo Ghosh.

10- cqfu;knh f'k{kk ds izeq[k fl)kUr D;k gSa \ fdl lhek rd os fØ;kfUor gks lds \

What are the main principles of basic education. To what extent have they been realized ?

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­IV (Sociological Foundation of Education) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1234-

'kSf{kd lekt'kkL= ds mís';] ikB~;Øe rFkk f'k{k.k fof/k;ksa dk lfoLrkj o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss in detail the aims, curriculum and teaching methods of educational sociology.

leqnk; dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, A ckydksa ds f'k{kk ds fodkl esa bldh Hkwfedk dk o.kZu dhft, A

Define community. Explain the role of community in developing the education of children.

Hkkjr esa f'k{kk ds mís';ksa dk izeq[k lkekftd fu/kkZjd dkSu&dkSu gS] la{ksi esa o.kZu dhft, A

Describe in brief the important social determinants of aims of education in India.

f'k{kk esa vkSipkfjd vkSj vukSipkfjd vfHkdj.k D;k gS \ f'k{kk dks leqUur djus ds fy, vukSipkfjd vfHkdj.kksa dh D;k Hkwfedk gS \

What are formal and informal agencies of education. Describe the role of informal agencies to promote the cause of education.

5-

fuEufyf[kr dk foospu dhft, %&

Discuss the following :­ (a) /keZ ,oa f'k{kk (Religion and Education) (b) 'kSf{kd ewY;ksa ds izdkj (Types of Educational Values)

6-

tula[;k f'k{kk D;k gS \ Hkkjr esa bldh izeq[k leL;k,¡ D;k gSa \ f'k{kk ds }kjk Nk=ksa esa tula[;k f'k{kk ds ckjs esa vki tkx:drk dSls fodkl djsaxs A

What is Population Education ? What are the main problems of its India. How do you develop awareness among students about Population Education.

7-

^^f'k{kk lekftd ifjorZu ykus dk ,d 'kfDr'kkyh ek/;e gS \** lkekftd ifjorZu dks ifjHkkf"kr djrs gq, bl dFku dh iqf"V dhft, A

"Education is a powerful instrument for bringing about social change ?" Defining social change, justify the statement.

8-

f'k{kk eas vk/kqfudhdj.k ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ ;g dgk¡ rd Hkkjrh; lekt esa ifjorZu ykus esa lgk;d gS \

What do you mean by modernization in education ? How far it helpful to bring changes in Indian Society ?

9-

lekthdj.k D;k gS \ blds izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What is Socialization ? What are its chief characteristics.

10- lkekftd Lrjhdj.k dks ifjHkkf"kr djsa A Hkkjr esa lkekftd Lrjhdj.k dh Lo:i dk o.kZu djsa A

Define Social Stratification. Describe the nature of Social Stratification in India.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­IV (Sociological Foundation of Education) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

'kSf{kd lekt'kkL= dks ifjHkkf"kr djsa A foospu djsa fd izxfr'khy lekt fodflr djus esa 'kSf{kd lekt'kkL= dk Kku f'k{kd dks fdl izdkj lgk;rk djrk gS A

Define Educational Sociology. Discuss how the knowledge of educational sociology helps the teacher to develop a progressive society.

2-

uSfrd fodkl ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ f'k{kk ds }kjk vki Nk=ksa esa uSfrdrk dk fodkl dSls djsaxs \

What do you mean by Moral Development ? How do you develop morality among student through education ?

3-

f'k{kk ds turkaf=d mís'; vkSj fopkj/kkjk D;k gS \ bu fopkjksa ds ek/;e ls vki Nk=ksa esa dkSu&dkSu lk ifjorZu yk ldrs gSa \

What are the democratic aims and ideas in Education ? What are the changes you can brought among students through these ideas ?

4-

f'k{kk ds izR;{k fu/kkZjd ds :i esa f'k{kkf/kdkjh rFkk jkT; ds jktuSfrd fopkj/kkjk] dh Hkwfedk dh foospuk djsa A

Discuss the role of educational officers and political ideas of state as direct determinants of education.

56-

'kSf{kd ewY;ksa ds vk/kkj ij f'k{kk ds fofHkUu mís';ksa dks Li"V djsa A

On the basis of educational values clarify the different aims of education.

lkekftd ifjorZu ds fy, ftEesokj dkjd dkSu&dkSu gSa \ fo|ky; ikB~;Øe rFkk f'k{k.k fof/k;ksa dh foospuk dhft, ftlds ek/;e ls vki Nk=ksa esa lkekftd ifjorZu yk ldrs gS A

What are the factors responsible for Social Change ? Discuss the school curriculum and teaching methods through which you can brought social changes among student.

7-

fuEufyf[kr lg lEcU/kksa dks Li"V djsa %&

Clarify the correlation among the following:­ (a) 'kSf{kd lekt'kkL= ,oa vFkZ'kkL= (Educational Sociology and Economics ) (b) 'kSf{kd lekt'kkL= ,oa bfrgkl (Educational Sociology and History )

89-

lekthdj.k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk lekthdj.k esa f'k{kd ,oa f'k{kk dh Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft, A

Define socialization and discuss the role of teacher and education in socialization.

fo|ky; esa /keZ fujis{krk ds f'k{kk ds fy;s jk/kk Ñ".k vk;ksx ds flQkfj'k D;k gS crk,¡ A

What are the recommendation of Radha Krishna Commission regarding secular education in school.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) lkekftd Lrjhdj.k dh fo'ks"krk;sa (Characteristic of Social Stratification) (b) f'k{kk }kjk jk"Vªh; fodkl (National Development through education) (c) ekuokf/kdkj,oa f'k{kk (Human Right and Education)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­V (Psychological Foundation of Education) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

12-

f'k{kk&euksfoKku dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk blds Lo:i ,oa fo"k; {ks= dh foospuk dhft, A

Define Educational Psychology and discuss its nature and scope.

f'k{kk&euksfoKku dh dkSu&dkSu lh fof/k;k¡ gSa] fdlh nks egÙoiw.kZ fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, ftls vki ilUn djrs gSa A

What are the methods of Educational Psychology ? Discuss any two important methods you like.

3456-

vf/kxe dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A f'k{k.k esa ^^iz;Ru rFkk Hkwy }kjk lh[kus ds fl)kUr** dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

Define learning. Evaluate the theories of "Learning by Trial and Error" in teaching.

vf/kxe ds lkgp;Z fl)kUr dk la{ksi esa o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss, in brief the association theory of learning.

izsj.kk fdl izdkj ls vf/kxe ls lEcfU/kr gS \ izj.kk ds eq[; fl)kUrksa dk o.kZu la{ksi esa dhft, A s

How motivation is related to learning ? Discuss the important theories of Motivation in brief.

vf/kxe&LFkkukUrj.k D;k gS \ blds fl)kUrksa dk o.kZu la{ksi esa dhft, rFkk vf/kxe LFkkukUrj.k esa f'k{kd dh Hkwfedk dk o.kZu dhft, A

What is transfer of learning ? Explain the theories of it in brief and discuss the role of teacher in transfer of learning.

7-

l`tukRedrk D;k gS \ cPpksa esa l`tukRedrk fodkl gsrq fo|ky; rFkk f'k{kd dh Hkwfedk D;k gks ldrh gS \

What is creativity ? What can be the role of school and teacher in developing among children.

89-

^O;fDrRo* dks ifjHkkf"kr djas A blds fofHkUu fu/kkZjdksa dks le>k,¡ A

Define 'Personality'. Explain its various determinants.

cqf) D;k gS \ mlds izdkj D;k gS \ f'k{kk esa cqf) ijh{kk dh D;k mi;ksfxrk gS \

What is Intelligence ? What are its kinds ? What are the utilities of an intelligent test in Education ?

10- fuEufyf[kr ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Write short notes on following:­ (a) f'k{kk] f'k{k.k rFkk vuqns'ku (Education, Learning & Instruction) (b) fof'k"V ckydksa dh f'k{kk (Education for Special Children) (c) vfHkØfer vuqns'ku (Programme Instruction) (d) iz{ksi.k fof/k (Projective Method) (e) uSfrd fodkl dk fl)kUr (Theory of Moral Development)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­V (Psychological Foundation of Education) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

f'k{kk&euksfoKku dh izÑfr rFkk Hkkoh f'k{kd ds fy, mlds v/;;u dh vko';drk ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Discuss the nature of Educational Psychology and need for its study for prospective teacher.

2-

f'k{kk&euksfoKku esa O;oâr vUr% fujh{k.k rFkk cká fujh{k.k fof/k;ksa ds ikjLifjd egÙo dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the relative importance of introspection and objective observation methods as used in Educational Psychology.

3-

vf/kxe ds lw> ds fl)kUr dh foospuk dhft, A vf/kxe ds lw> fl)kUr ds 'kSf{kd vfHkizk; D;k gSa \

Describe the insight theory of learning. What are the educational implications of insight theory of learning ?

456-

vf/kxe ds Dykfldy vuqcU/ku fl)kUr dk o.kZu dhft, A

Explain the classical conditioning theory of learning.

izsjd dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A euksoSKkfudksa }kjk fn;s x;s izsjd ds fofHkUu oxhZdj.k D;k gSa \

Define Motives. What are the different classification of Motives given by psychologists.

vf/kxe LFkkukUrj.k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A izHkkoh LFkkukUrj.k dh 'kÙks± D;k gSa \ foospuk dhft, A

Define transfer of learning. What are the conditions for effective transfer ? Discuss.

789-

laosx dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A ekuo O;ogkj ij laosx ds izHkkoksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Define Emotion. Discuss the effects of emotion on human behaviour.

ckydksa ds O;fDrRo dks izHkkfor djusokys fofHkUu dkjdksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the various factors which influence personality of the child.

cqf) ds Lo:i dk o.kZu dhft, A la{ksi esa c`f) ds fofHkUu fl)kUrksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the nature of intelligence. Describe in brief the various theories of intelligence.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) iz;kstuk fof/k (Project Method) (b) vo/kku rFkk :fp (Attention & Interest) (c) vlek;kstu (Maladjustment)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­VI (Methodology of Educational Research) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

123456789-

'kSf{kd vuqla/kku dh izÑfr ,oa {ks= dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the nature and scope of educational research.

'kSf{kd vuqla/kku ds midj.kks dk la{ksi esa o.kZu dhft, A

Describe in brief the various tools of educational research.

U;kn'kZ dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A vPNs U;kn'kZ ds xq.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define sampling. Discuss characteristics of good sampling.

iz;ksxkRed vuqla/kku D;k gS \ blds izeq[k lksikuksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What is experimental research ? Explain its important steps.

'kSf{kd vuqla/kku ds {ks= ij ,d fooj.kkRed fVIi.kh fy[ksa A

Write a descriptive note on area of education research.

vuqla/kku esa leL;k dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A leL;k ds p;u ds fl)kUrksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

Define problem in research. Mention the principles of selecting problem.

izDdYiuk dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, A 'kSf{kd vuqla/kku esa blds izdkj ,oa egÙoksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define hypothesis. Discuss its types and importance in educational research.

'kSf{kd vuqla/kku ds lk{kkRdkj fof/k dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the importance of interview method in educational research.

iz'ukoyh ds ckjs esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ lead p;u ds ,d ;a= ds :i esa iz'ukoyh ds xq.k&nks"kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you know about Questionnaire ? Discuss merit and demerits of Questionnaire as a tool of data collection.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) ;kn`fPNdh ,oa LrjhÑr U;kn'kZ (Random Sampling & Stratified Sampling) (b) ifjdYiuk dk egÙo (Importance of Assumption) (c) fu/kkZj.k ekiuh (Rating Scale)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­VI (Methodology of Educational Research) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

12-

'kSf{kd vuqla/kku dh vko';drk rFkk egÙo dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the need and importance of educational research.

oSKkfud vuqla/kku ds vk/kkjHkwr ekU;rk,¡ D;k gSa \ oSKkfud vuqla/kku dh fo'ks"krk,¡ fyf[k, A

What are the basic assumptions in scientific research ? Write down the characteristics of scientific research.

3-

,sfrgkfld vuqla/kku ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ 'kSf{kd vuqla/kku esa blds mís'; rFkk egÙo dk o.kZu dhft, A

What do understand by historical research ? Discuss its aims and importance in educational research.

45-

;ko`fPNdh U;kn'kZ dk vFkZ] xq.k ,oa nks"kksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss meaning, merit and demerits of random sampling.

'kks/k leL;k ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ 'kks/k leL;k ds p;u ds egÙoiw.kZ lzksrksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by research problem ? Discuss the important sources for selection of research problem.

6-

vk¡dM+k ,d= djus dh fof/k ds :i esa lk{kkRdkj dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk lk{kkRdkj ds izdkjksa vkSj fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Define interview as a technique of data collection and discuss the types and techniques of interview.

789-

'kks/k vfHkdYi D;k gS \ blds dk;ks± dk foospu dhft, A

What is research design ? Discuss its functions.

'kks/k ifjdYiuk ds lzksrksa ij izdk'k Mkfy, A

Throw light on the sources of research hypothesis.

fu/kkZj.k ekiu dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A blds fofHkUu izdkj ,oa egÙo dh ppkZ dhft, A

Define rating scale. Discuss the importance of different types rating scale.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) voyksdu fof/k (Observation Method) (b) izkDdYiuk (Hypothesis) (c) iz'ukoyh fof/k (Questionnaire Method)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­VII (Educational Technology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

'kSf{kd rduhdh ds izR;; dks le>k,¡ A blds mís';] mi;ksfxrk rFkk lhekvksa dks crk,¡ A

Explain the concept of Educational Technology. State the objectives, uses and limitations of it.

2-

fofHkUu izdkj ds gkMZos;j mikxeksa dk o.kZu djsa A oxZ f'k{k.k esa vksojgsM (OHP) izkstsDVj dh mi;ksfxrk crk,¡ A

Describe the various types of hardware approaches. Explain the use of overhead projector in classroom teaching.

3-

oxZ vuqns'ku ds izHkko dks c<+kus esa dEI;wVj dh mi;ksfxrk D;k gS \

What are the application of computer in increasing the effectiveness of class room instruction.

4-

lw{e f'k{k.k ds vFkZ D;k gSa \ d{kk vuqns'ku esa bldh fofHkUu mi;ksfxrkvksa rFkk lhekvksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What is the meaning of Microteaching ? Discuss it various uses and limitations in class room instruction.

56-

ny f'k{k.k ds mís';ksa dh O;k[;k djas A blds xq.k rFkk lhekvksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Explain the objectives of team teaching. Discuss its merits and limitations.

js[kh; vf/kxe D;k gS \ d{kk f'k{k.k esa bldh fo'ks"krk,¡ rFkk lhekvksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What is linear programmed learning. Explain its characteristic and limitation in class room teaching.

789-

vk/kqfud rduhdksa ds euksoSKkfud mi;ksx dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the various psychological uses of modern technology.

VsyhdkWUÝsaflax dks ifjHkkf"kr djsa A izHkkoh f'k{k.k esa blds iz;ksx dk o.kZu djsa A

Define Teleconferencing. Discuss its applications in effective teaching.

¶yS.MlZ dh vUr% fØ;k fo'ys"k.k iz.kkyh dks ifjHkkf"kr djas A oxZ f'k{k.k esa bldh vk/kkjHkwr ekU;rk,¡ rFkk mi;ksfxrk,¡ D;k gSa \

Define Flanders's Interaction Analyse System. What are its basic assumption and uses in class room teaching ?

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Hkk"kk iz;ksx'kkyk dh fo'ks"krk,¡ (Importance of Language Laboratory) (b) f'k{kk esa bZ&esy dk iz;ksx (Uses of E-mail in Education) (c) nwjLFk f'k{kk ,oa 'kSf{kd rduhdh (Distance Education and Educational Technology )

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­VII (Educational Technology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

12-

'kSf{kd rduhdksa dks ifjHkkf"kr djsa A blds Lo:i rFkk {ks= dk o.kZu djsa A

Define Educational Technology. Discuss it nature and scope.

'kSf{kd rduhd ds vo;oksa ds ckjs esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ la{ksi esa 'kSf{kd rduhd ds dBksj vo;oksa dh mi;ksfxrk dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you know about components of Education Technology ? Discuss utility of hardware components of educational technology.

3456-

dEI;wVj dh dk;Z iz.kkyh dk o.kZu djsa A f'k{k.k vf/kxe izfØ;k esa bldh mi;ksfxrk D;k gS A

State the working of Computer. What is the uses of computer in teaching learning process.

baVjusV D;k gS \ blds 'kSf{kd egRo dk mYys[k djsa A

What is Internet ? State its educational importance.

lw{e f'k{k.k dh izÑfr] fo'ks"krk rFkk {ks= dk o.kZu djsa A

Discuss the nature, characteristics and scope of Microteaching.

cgq&bfUnz; vuqns'ku ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ d{kk f'k{k.k esa bldh mi;ksfxrk crk;sa A

What is the meaning of multi sensory instruction ? Discuss its utility in class-room teaching.

789-

CAI dh vk/kkjHkwr ekU;rk,as D;k gS \ blds fofHkUu izdkj ,oa dk;ksZa dk o.kZu djsa A What are the basic assumption of CAI ? Explain its various types and functions.

f'k{k.k Lrj ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ f'k{k.k ds fofHkUu Lrjksa dk foLrkj ls o.kZu djas A

What do you mean by level of teaching ? Describe various level of teaching in detail.

ny f'k{k.k dks ifjHkkf"kr djsa A bldh vo';drk rFkk egRo dk o.kZu djsa A

Define team teaching. Discuss its need & importance.

10- vfHkØfer vuqns'ku dks ifjHkkf"kr djsa A bldk Lo:i rFkk vk/kkjHkwr fl)kUrksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Define Programmed learning. Discuss its nature and fundamental principles.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­VIII (Educational Management) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­I

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A nhft,

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1234-

'kSf{kd izcU/ku ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ f'k{kk esa bldk mís'; rFkk {ks= dks crk,¡ A

What do you mean by Educational Management ? State its aims and scope in education.

i;Zos{k.k dh ifjHkk"kk nsa A ,d vPNs i;Zos{kd dk D;k xq.k gksuk pkfg, \

Define supervision. What should be the quality of a good supervisor ?

'kSf{kd izcU/ku ds izeq[k fl)kUrksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the principle theories of educational management.

'kSf{kd izcU/ku esa dsUnzhdj.k o fodsUnzhdj.k mikxe ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ f'k{kk ds dsUnzh; izcU/ku ds ykHkksa dh ppkZ djsa A

What do you understand by centralised and decentralised approaches in educational management ? Discuss the advantages of centralised management in education.

5-

f'k{kk eU=ky; ds vUrxZr dk;Z djus okys fofHkUu foHkkxksa ds uke dk mYys[k djsa A dsUnzh; f'k{kk lykgdkj e.My dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ djsa A

Mention the names of different departments working under Ministry of Education. Discuss the role of Central Adversary Board of Education.

6-

izca/ku izfØ;k fl+)kUr D;k gS \ uhfr fuekZ.k izfØ;k ds fofHkUu izdkjksa ,oa ekWMyksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What is the theory of management process ? Discuss the types and models of decision making process.

78-

usr`Ro dks ifjHkkf"kr djsa A blds fofo/k izdkjksa rFkk dk;ksZa dk o.kZu djsa A

Define leadership. Describe its various types and their functions.

f'k{kk izcU/ku esa iz.kkyh mikxe ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ f'k{kk izca/ku esa bldh mi;ksfxrk dk o.kZu djsa A

What do you understand by system approach in educational management ? Explain its utility in educational management.

9-

laLFkkxr ;kstuk dks ifjHkkf"kr djsa A laLFkkxr ;kstuk fuekZ.k ds fofHkUu pj.kksa dks crk;sa A

Define Institutional Planning. Describe the various steps of construction of institutional planning ?

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) fo|ky; ;kstuk esa iz/kkuk/;kid dh Hkwfedk (Role of Headmaster in School Planning) (b) ftyk 'kSf{kd izf'k{k.k laLFkku (District Institute of Educational Training (DIET) (c) fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx (University Grants Commission )

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.A. {Education}

Part­I, Paper­VIII (Educational Management) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET­II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answers and five questions. All questions carry equal marks.

12-

'kSf{kd izcU/ku dks ifjHkkf"kr djasa A bldh eq[; fo'ks"krkvsa dh ppkZ djas A

Define Educational Management. Discuss its main characteristics.

i;Zos{k.k ds D;k mís'; gksus pkfg;s \ ijEijkxr ,oa vk/kqfud i;Zos{k.k esa vUrj Li"V djsa A

What should be the aims of supervision ? Differentiate between traditional and modern supervision.

3-

'kSf{kd izca/ku ds fofHkUu vfHkdj.kksa dh Hkwfedk dk o.kZu djsa A izHkkoh f'k{kd izca/ku ds fy;s ubZ f'k{kk&uhfr 1986 ds lq>ko dks mYys[k djsa A

Discuss the role of various agencies in educational management. Mention the recommendations of new educational policy of 1986 for effective educational management.

456789-

iz'kklu ds vk/kkjHkwr fl)kUr D;k gSa \ ppkZ djsa A

What are the basic principles of administration ? Discuss.

Vsyj ds laxBu laca/kh fl)kUrksa dks crk,¡ A

Discuss the Tylor's theory of organization.

f'k{kk izca/ku esa ukSdj'kkgh dh Hkwfedk dks Li"V dhft, A

Explain the role of Bearuecracy in educational management.

f'k{kk izca/ku ds f=dks.kh; fl)kUr dh ppkZ djsa A

Discuss the Tridimensional view of educational management.

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa f'k{kk laca/kh D;k O;oLFkk gS \ ppkZ djsa A

What are the provisions in Indian Constitution related to education ? Discuss.

f'k{kk izca/ku esa Hkwfedk la?k"kZ fl)kUr dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the Role Conflict theory of educational management.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fyf[k, %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) jk"Vªh; 'kSf{kd vuqla/kku ,oa izf'k{k.k ifj"kn (National Council of Educational Research & Training (NCERT) (b) fo|ky; izca/ku esa nckc lewgksa dh Hkwfedk (Role of pressure groups in school management) (c) d{kk esa v/;kid dk usrk ds :i esa gksuk (Teacher as a leader in class room)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Computer Application

Part­I, Paper­I

(Problem Solving & Programming)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2.

What is a flowchart ? What is the difference between a flowchart and algorithm ? Explain giving examples ? Draw a flowchart for :­ (a) Generating 10 numbers in Fibonacci series. (b) Generating a multiplication table for any random number given from the keyboard. Explain the different types of data types in 'C', with examples. Describe different types of control statements in 'C', with suitable examples. What happens if an array is used without initializing it. Describe different types of arrays with examples. Explain the different built-in string functions & its applications. Give examples for each. What is a prototype function. Describe different types of variables & storage classes, with examples. Explain Recursion ? Write a Recursive function for calculating the factorial of a number. How is a pointer variable being declared ? What is the purpose of data types included in the pointer declaration ? Give suitable examples.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

10. Write short notes on :­ (a) Structures in 'C' (b) UNIONS (c) Call by Value (d) Types of arrays.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Computer Application

Part­I, Paper­II

(Computer Organization and Assembly Language Programming)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2.

What is Von Neumann Architecture ? Why is memory needed in a Computer ? Convert the following binary number to decimal :­ (a) 10110.101 (b) 11001.110 (c) 11.0010 (d) 111.0101 Explain the different types of logic gates. Which gates are called universal gates ? Explain with examples. Draw a Karnaugh map and a logic gate diagram for the following function F = (0, 1, 2 3) Differentiate b/w synchronous & asynchrony counters ? Draw a 4 bit ripple counter. Explain different types of Addressing modes with examples. What is a segment in Assembly language ? Write all the four main segment name. Write an assembly Language Program to find the largest number in an array. (a) Explain Programmable Logic Array. (b) Explain different types of Interrupts.

3. 4.

5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

10. Write short notes on :­ (a) DMA (b) I/o Processor (c) Cache Memory (d) Decoders.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Computer Application

Part­I, Paper­III

(Discreate Mathematics)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Explain Conjunction, Disjunction, Conditional and Bi-conditional with example. Write down the truth table of pq~rrq Define tautology and contradiction and verify that p q ~ p is a contradiction. Show that

5 is irrational.

5.

Construct the logic circuit represented by the Boolean expression ( x i x2 ) (x1 x3 ) , where xi (1 < i < 3) are assured to be inputs to that circuit. Explain the following with example :­ (a) Universal set (b) Proper sub set (c) Equivalence Relation (d) Bijective Map Find the volume of n if, (a) nP5 = 20 × nP3 (b) nP3 = 6

n

6.

7.

8. 9.

To prove that :­ Cr + nCr ­ 1= n + 1Cr

Suppose A and B are mutually exclusive events such that P(A) = 0.3 and P(B) = 0.4. What is the probability that, (a) A does not occur ? (b) A or B occur ? (c) Either A or B does not occurs ?

10. Draw a karnaugh map and logic diagram for the given function F = (1, 5, 9, 13)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Computer Application

Part­I, Paper­IV

(System Analysis and Design)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4.

(a) Define system ? Explain the characteristics of a system. (b) Describe different types of system. Who is a system Analyst ? Explain the attributes of a good system Analyst. Explain System Development Life Cycle. (a) Why Documentation is needed ? What are the steps involved in the process of documentation ? Explain. (b) Explain different Fact Finding Techniques. What is Feasibility study ? Explain different types of Feasibility study. Explain Modularity ? What are the features of a good design ? Write short notes on :(a) Decision Tree (b) Decision Table (c) E-R-Diagram. (d) Data Dictionary Explain the criteria used to identify a good form design ? Define CASE Tools ? What are the advantages of using CASE Tools ? Explain Types of CASE Tools.

5. 6. 7.

8. 9.

10. (a) Explain different types of Information Systems. (b) What is Audit Trail ? Explain.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Computer Application

Part­I, Paper­V

(Communication Skills)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer all questions.

Time : 3 Hours. 20

1.

Read the following passage and answer the questions given after it: Grasses are a large family of flowering plants that grow all over the world. It is the most important family of plants because it includes the cereals which are one of the main basic foods, and it also provides food for man's domestic animals. There are about 10,000 species of grasses. Some species, such as star grass, also known as Bermuda grass, are very short (about 10 cm), and others such as bamboo reach a height of 30 m. Most species of grasses are perennial (live for many years), and others, such as the cereals, are annual (live for one year). The roots of grasses help to bind the soil together and prevent soil erosion. Most species are herbaceous, that is their stems are green and contain little wood. Bamboo and a few other species have woody stems. Most species have hollow stems, but maize has a solid stem. The stems of sugar-cane contain sugar. The stems of bamboo are used for making furniture and houses. The stems of some species, such as esparto grass, are used for making paper. The leaves of grasses are long and narrow. The bottom of the leaf forms a covering over the stem. The flowers of grasses are very small and are not brightly coloured. They grow in large groups called "spikelets". The fruit contains a lot of starch, some protein, and traces of mineral salts and vitamins. We use the fruit of many cereals such as maize, rice, millet, sorghum, and wheat for our food. Sedges are related to grasses. There are about 3,000 species which grow all over the world. Most of them are not useful economically, and some species, such as nut grass, which grows in Sudan, are very troublesome weeds. The most useful sedge is papyrus, which grows on the Upper Nile River, Ethiopia, Syria and southern Europe. It is used for making roofs and fences and was used in ancient times for making paper and boats. (i) Which group of grasses are most important to man? (ii) Mention the three types of grasses whose sterns are of great use to human beings. (iii) What is a "herbaceous" plant? (iv) What are sedges? (v) Why is papyrus most useful sedge? (vi) Use 'species' in a sentence of your own. Fill in the blanks choosing the most suitable phrasal verb from those given below: Make changes in the form of the verb, where necessary. (There are two extra phrasal verbs) (take on, take after, look up, look after, run into, take off, look upto) (i) He requested me to ___________ her flower pots while she was away. (ii) Why don't you ___________ this word in the dictionary? (iii) I ___________ an old friend in London. (iv) They always ___________ their parents for guidance. (v) She ___________ her father.

2.

10

P.T.O.

3. 4.

Write down the text of a group discussion among four participants on the use of English as a medium of instruction in schools. You are R. P. Yadav, Area Sales Manager, Satayam Securities Pvt. Ltd., Patna. Write a memo to be sent to all the branch managers to attend a meeting on 2nd June and to give a detailed report of the targets met so far. You took delivery of ten telephone handsets today. You have been checking them out and have found that three of them are faulty. Write a letter/email to the supplier complaining about the above. Write a letter of application, together with your Curriculum Vitae (C.V.) for the job of Programmers,/Design Engineers with experience in design of software packages. Apply to Nalanda Open University, Patna, within 10 days. What are the macro functions of communication ? Which of these functions are required in your particular context ? Give examples from your life to support your answer.

10

10

5:

10

6.

10 10

7.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Computer Application

Part­I, Paper­VI

(C and Assembly Language Programming Lab-based training)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 100

Answer all the Questions.

SET­I Time : 3 Hours.

1.

Write a program to evaluate the following investment equation, in 'C'. V = P(1 + r)n, and print the tables which would give the value of V for various combinations of the following values of P, r and n. P = 1000, 2000, 3000, ........., 10,000. r = 0.10, 0.11, 0.12, ........., 0.20 n = 1, 2, 3, ........., 10.

2.

Write a program in 'C' to evaluate the following function. (a)

x3 x5 x7 Sin x = x ­ + + ................ ­ 31 51 71

2

1 (b) Sum = 1 + 2

3.

1 1 + + 3 4

3

4

+ ...............

Explain different Tools required for Assembly Language Programming.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Computer Application

Part­I, Paper­VI

(C and Assembly Language Programming Lab-based training)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 100

Answer all the Questions.

SET­II Time : 3 Hours.

1.

Write programs in 'C' to evaluate the following function :

x2 x4 x6 (a) Cos x = 1 ­ + ­ + ................ 21 41 61 (b) Write a function to read two matrix of size 3 × 3 from the keyboard and print their product.

2. Write a program in 'C' to print the following output. 1 2 3 4 3. 2 3 3 4 4 4

Explain different Addressing modes in 8086 architecture.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Computer Application

Part­I, Paper­VII

(Design and Analysis of Algorithm)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5. 6.

(a) What is an algorithm ? Write the characteristics of an algorithm. Explain. (b) Write an algorithm for recursive function to find the factorial of a given number (Show steps of function execution). (a) What are control Mechanism and control structure ? Explain. (b) Write an algorithm that find the real roots if any of a quadratic equation ax² + bx + c = 0 with a 0, b, c as real number. (a) Write an algorithm for Bubble sort for any given list. Also find the number of comparisons and assignments required by the algorithm in sorting the list. (b) Sort the following sequence of number using bubble sort. 15, 10, 30, 9, 12, 17, Show all iteration. Trace the action of Binary search include the value of Low, High and Middle after each iteration for the list. (1, 4, 7, 9, 11, 15, 18, 21, 23, 24, 27, 30) for search element x = 11. (a) Write an algorithm for Binary search for any given list. (b) Show that Binary search has worst-case complexity [log 2 (n + 1)] for any n. Explain the following notation for growth rate of function :­ (i) O (big-oh) and (ii) (theta). (b) Prove that the following hold for the function f(x) = 2x³ + 3x² + 1; (ii) f(x) (x4) (i) f(x) = (x³) (a) Construct a grammar for the language L = a m b n m, n > (b) Differentiate between any One of the following :­ (i) Moore Machine and Mealy Machine. (ii) Regular grammar and Context free grammar. (iii) DFA and NFA. Write a Kruskal's algorithm and find a minimal Spanning tree for the following graph :­

a 4 c 1 e 2 3 8 d 5 b

(a)

7.

{

}

8.

9.

Find the minimum distance of all the node form node b which is taken as source node for the following graph; using Dijkastra's algorithm.

a 2 4 c 1 e 3 2 1 d 6 b

10. Sort the following sequence of number, using selection sort. 15, 10, 13, 9, 12, 7. Further, find the number of Comparisons and assignment operations required by the algorithm in sorting the list.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Computer Application

Part­I, Paper­VIII

(Data Communication and Computer Networks)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

Define with examples :­ (a) Multi Graph (b) Complete Graph (c) Complete Bi-Graph Prove that :­ (a) The sum of the degrees of all the vertices of any graph is even. (b) Any graph can only have an even number of odd vertices. Show that for a subgraph H of a graph G, ( H ) < (G ) Define Hamiltonian graph and Non Hamiltonian graph and prove that Km,n is not Hamiltonian if m < n. Find the edge-chromatic number of Cn. Using the recurrence relation for Cn show that 1 C n = n (n ­ 1), n > 1 2 Find the sum of the series

2.

3. 4. 5. 6.

7.

( K + 1) 2 12 2 2 ( n + 1) 2 = + +- - - + +- - - K =0 K! 0! 1! n!

using exponential generating functions. 8. Prove the Binomial Identity C (n, 1) + 3C (n, 3) + 5C (n, 5) + - - - - = n(2)n ­ 2 = 2C (n, 2) + 4C (n, 4) + 6C (n, 6) + ---9. Solve the linear recurrence an ­ an ­ 1 = fn + 2 . fn ­ 1, n > 1 where ao = 2 and fi denotes the ith Fibonacci number.

10. Solve the recurrence relation given by un = 2un ­ 1 + (2)n ­ 1 where n > 1 and uo = 0

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Computer Application

Part­I, Paper­IX

(Data Communication & Computer Network)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2.

Explain the OSI reference model in detail ? What are different types of topology used in networking ? Explain. Give two reasons of using layered protocol.

3.

What is Data Communication ? Explain the difference between simplex, half duplex and full duplex transmission ?

4. 5. 6.

Describe different types of Transmission channels, with examples. Why switching is necessary ? Explain different types of switching techniques. Define Error Control and Flow Control ? Explain Go-Back-N and Selective-Repeat ARQ methods of retransmission.

7.

How does slotted ALOHA improve the performance of the system over pure ALOHA ? Explain Back-off Algorithm and give one example of where it is used. (a) What is congestion in the Network ? Explain in brief ?

8.

(b) Explain various Congestion Control Schemes. 9. Where is tunneling used ? List various types of cryptographic techniques.

10. Write short notes :­ (a) E-mail (b) Routing Algorithm (c) Piggybacking (d) Bandwidth

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Computer Application

Part­I, Paper­X

(Principles of Management and Information Systems)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

What are the key functional requirements which must be available in the Portfolio Management Solution ?

2. 3. 4. 5.

What are the steps involved in IT Risk Management Process ? What are the strategies used for successful implementation of ERP application ? How does supply Chain Management evolves ? Explain in brief the concept of SCM ? What are the factors which make knowledge management implementation difficult in an organization ?

6.

What are the five moral dimensions an established organization and its managers should recognize ?

7.

How 'Centralized Organizations' are different from 'Decentralized Organizations' ? Give examples of each. Indicate four common and five unique characteristics of organization. What are the tools and methods for carrying out Requirement Analysis ?

8. 9.

10. For which situation Real Option Pricing Model is considered and how many option categories are there ? List these categories.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Zoology)

Part­I, Paper­I

(Non-Chordates and Chordates)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' Describe the origin and evolution of coelom.

Give an account of hydrostatic movement in coelenterates, annelids and echinoderms. Discuss the organ of respiration in invertebrates and mention important respiratory pigments. Describe the pattern of feeding and digestion in lower metazoa. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Ciliary movement in Protozoa. (b) Filter feeding in Polychaeta. (c) Evolutionary significance of larval forms. (d) Nervous system in Annelida.

6. 7. 8. 9.

GROUP 'B' Discuss echinoderm theory and modern concept on the origin of chordates with illustrations.

Describe the habit, habitat and external morphology of Amphioxus. Classify living amphibians up to orders with distinctive characters and examples. Give an account of respiratory organs and their roles in mechanism of respiration in Vertebrates.

10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Lateral line system in fishes. (b) Hemopoietic tissues. (c) Functions of the integument in vertebrates. (d) Epidermal glands in Vertebrates.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Zoology)

Part­I, Paper­II

(Taxonomy, Biodiversity and Conservation)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group should be attempted. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' What do you mean by trends in biosystematics ? Discuss it.

Define speciation ? Describe the various categories of species. Describe the hierarchy of categories. What is the rule of zoological nomenclature ? Write short note on International Code of Zoological nomenclature. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Taxonomic Key. (b) Taxon and Phenon. (c) Use of biosystematics in Commerce. (d) Process of typification.

6. 7. 8. 9.

GROUP 'B' What are the factors which influence the Biodiversity.

Define threatened species. Describe the factors which are responsible for loss of species diversity. Write an essay on wild life management of India. Explain the important National Parks & National Sanctuaries in India. What do you mean by extinction of species ? Explain the characteristic features which make the species susceptibites.

10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Line transect method. (b) Pug marking. (c) Biome. (d) Diversity stability relationship.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Zoology)

Part­I, Paper­III

(Ecology, Environmental biology and Toxicology)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group should be attempted. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' What is life table ? Explain different types of life-tables with suitable examples.

Discuss the significance of age distribution as an important population characteristic. What are the possibilities of developing stable age distribution ? Explain different aspects of evolution of life history traits. Elucidate the relationship between life-history traits and survival strategies. What is niche ? Give an outline of niche concept with special reference to its ecological significance. Write short notes on any three of the following :(a) Role of predation in nature (b) Evolution of mutalism (c) Application of ecological models (d) population regulation (e) Interspecific competition.

6. 7. 8.

GROUP 'B' Describe the environmental factors. What is the role of light in the survival of organism.

Define adaptation. Describe the different aspects of adaptation. Write short notes on any two of the following :(a) (c) Resistance (b) Tolerance Environment health in relation to air quality.

Acclimatization (d)

9.

Describe the basic concept of environmental stress and homeostasis.

10. Write an essay on the environmental ethics and laws.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Zoology)

Part­I, Paper­IV

(Ethology and Evolution)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group should be attempted. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' Describe the methods of chief communication (perception of the environment) which are adopted by the animals.

Explain the nervous system and development of instinctive & learning behaviours. Add a note on hormonal control of behaviour. Write an essay on Social behaviour in insects. Describe the various aspects of mating systems found in animals. Write short notes on any Two of the following :(a) Circadian rhythm (b) Migration in fishes (c) Cognitive Skills (d) Habitat selection (e) Language acquisition

6. 7. 8. 9.

GROUP 'B' How do you interprete 'Struggle for existence' in the origin of species ?

Discuss the Hardy-Weinberg Law of genetic equilibrium. Add a notes on meiotic drive. Explain briefly Biological species concept. Mention the limitation of this concept. Describe the process of micro-and macro evolution and distinguish between them.

10. Write short notes on any two of the following :(a) Plesiomorphy and Symplesiomorphy

(b) Rooted and unrooted phylogenetic tree (c) Molecular Clocks

(d) Allopatric and Sympatric speciation (e) Genetic drift

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Zoology)

Part­I, Paper­V

(Animal Physiology and Biochemistry)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group should be attempted. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' Describe the oxygen transport in blood and tissues and discuss the dissociation curve of hemoglobin.

Give an account of physiology of excretion in Vertebrates. What do you mean by poikilotherms and homeotherms ? Describe the physiological effects of temperature on homoeothermic animal. Describe the role of bioluminescence and pheromones in animal. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Physiological adaptation of freshwater environment. (b) Benthic animals of ocean. (c) Transport of carbon dioxide. (d) Significance of adaptation. (e) Characteristics of skeletal, smooth & cardiac muscle.

6. 7. 8.

GROUP 'B' Describe the metabolic significance of hexose monophosphate shunt pathway.

Discuss about the B-oxidation of fatty acid. Describe the oxidation-phosphorylation coupling using Mithchell's chemiosmotic theory. (b) Describe the redox loop mechanism of electron transport with a suitable diagram. Discuss how glycogenesis is regulated and using suitable diagrams the process of glycogenesis, mentioning its energetics. (a)

9.

10. Write short notes on any two of the following :(a) Isozymes. (b) Role of polysome in translating peptides. (c) Allosteric modulations. (d) Hyper Phenylalaninemia. (e) Significance of the Citric acid cycle.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Zoology)

Part­I, Paper­VI

( Cytogenetics and Microdrial genetics)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group should be attempted. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' State and explain the ways of chromatin remodeling.

With the help of diagram explain the events of alternative splicing that leads to sexdetermination in Drosophila. What is heterokaryon ? What are the methods of heterokaryon selection ? Describe the characterisation of chromosome on the basis of different banding techniques. Describe the autosomal abnormalities of human chromosome leading to different syndromes. GROUP 'B' Describe the difference between Bacterial genomes and Human genomes. Describe the process by which DNA is transferred from one bacterial cell to another by bacterial virus or bacterial phases. Describe in short the physical mapping of chromosome. Describe the Cytogenetic effect of ionizing and non-ionizing radiations.

6. 7. 8. 9.

10. Write notes on any two of the following :(a) Klinefelter's Syndrome.

(b) Squash preparation (c) Transduction

(d) G-Band

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Zoology)

Part­I, Paper­VII

( Molecular Biology and Genetics)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group should be attempted. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

GROUP 'A' What are the scope in molecular biology ?

Describe the mechanism of DNA replication. Describe the promoter sites for initiation of transcription in Prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Describe the process of post transcription modification in m-RNA. Describe the process of Splicing.

GROUP 'B'

What do you mean by translation ? Describe the prokaryotic translation. Describe the holiday model of genetic recombination. Define gene cloning and also discuss the procedure of gene cloning. What are the nonsense triplets and why are they so termed ?

10. Write notes on any two of the following :(a) Elongation factor

(b) Sigma factor (c) Enhancer site

(d) Density centrifugation

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Zoology)

Part­I, Paper­VIII

( Basic, Physical and Chemical Principles and Instrumentation)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer five questions, selecting atleast two from each section.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' Describe the role of free energy in determining the direction of chemical reaction.

Describe the term entropy in detail. Describe different types of Chemical bonds with special reference to bio-molecules. What do you mean by radio active isotopes ? Discuss their uses in the treatment of diseases. Describe the principles and application of traser techniques in Biology.

GROUP 'B'

6. 7. 8. 9. What is the use of High performance liquid chromatography? State and explain photochemical equivalence and also discuss its application. Discuss the origin of electronic absorption bonds. Describe the principle underlying Infrared Spectroscopy.

10. Write notes on any two of the following :(a) Energy rich bond (b) ATP (c) Free energy (d) Photo inhibitor

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Physics)

Part­I, Paper­I

(Mathematical Physics)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2.

State and prove the principle of least action. State and prove the condition for a transformation to be canonical. Show that the transformation. 1 Q = and P = qp 2 p is canonical

3.

Show that (a) the row-equivalent matrices have the same rank; and (b) the row space and the column space of a matrix A have same dimension, equal to rank of A. Show that n × n matrix may have n linearly independent eigenvectors or it may have less than n. Find the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the following matrix :­

4.

2 ­ 3 ­ 2 2 A = 1 ­ 6 ­1 ­ 2 0

5. 6. 7. 8. Solve the equation y + w²y = 0 Discuss the solution of Legendri's differential equation. What is Bessel function ? Describe its various properties. (a) State and prove Parseval's theorem. (b) Find the Fourier transform of F(t) = A e­t²/2a²

||

9. Write notes on contra variant, covariant and mixed tensors. 10. Derive the Laws for Christoffel Symbols of the first kind and the second kind.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Physics)

Part­I, Paper­II

(Quantum Mechanics)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

Define the one-dimensional form of the Schrodinger wave equation for a free particle of mass m. (b) In what respect does the Schrodinger equation differ from the classical wave equation ? (c) Define position probability density and probability current density. Consider a square well potential defined by V(x) = V , o<x<L o = o otherwise. Calculate the reflection coefficient and transmission coefficient when the particle is incident from the left side with energy E > Vo. At what energies of the electron will there be no reflection ? State and explain the postulates of Schrodinger formulation of quantum mechanics. What is an operator ? State and prove Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Explain why free electrons cannot exist in atomic nuclear. Find the energy levels and the energy eigen functions of a harmonic Oscillator using Schrodinger equation. Show that (a) L , L = it L x y z

(a)

2.

3. 4. 5. 6.

(b)

[L , L ] = 0

2

x

7. 8.

Discuss the quantum theory of hydrogen atom and obtain expression for energy eigenvalues. Using WKB method, calculate the transmission coefficient for the triangular barrier defined by x V(x) = V 1 ­ x <a , o a = o,

x >a

9.

A hydrogen atom in the n = 3 energy state is subjected to an electrified in the Z­ direction. Find the energy corrections using perturbation theory. 10. Determine the scattering cross-section for slow particles by a repulsive potential defined by V(r) = V , (r < R) o = o (r > R)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Physics)

Part­I, Paper­III

(Electro Dynamics & Plasma Physics)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

Answer any Five Questions, selecting at least two from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

GROUP 'A'

1. (a) Show that the scalar product E B is unchanged under Lorentz transformation.

(b) Prove that the D' Alemberatian operator is invariant under Lorentz transformation. 2. 3. 4. 5. What do you mean by Lienard and Weichert potential ? Obtain expression for LienardWeichert potential for uniformly moving point charge. Obtain electric and magnetic fields due to slowly moving accelerated charged particle. Discuss the motion of a charged particle in inform (a) electric field only, (b) magnetic field only and (c) electric field and magnetic field present simultaneously. What is adiabatic invariant ? Discuss the first adiabatic invariant.

6. 7. 8. 9.

GROUP 'B' What do you mean by Debye length and plasma parameter ? Derive expressions for each of them.

Derive the Zeroth, first and second moments of Boltzmann's equation. What do you understand by electron, ion and neutrals temperatures ? Describe an experiment, with theory, that can measure these parameters. Derive formulae for magneto-ionic refractive indices. Discuss their application to ionosphere.

10. Obtain an expression for the Alfven speed. Explain the nature 'f Alfven wave and the requisite condition for its formation.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Physics)

Part­I, Paper­IV

(Statistical Physics)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

State and prove Boltzmann theorem of entropy. Prove that the constant K is Boltzmann constant. What is Gibb's paradox ? Give suitable explanation for resolving it. State and prove Liouville theorem. How is it analogous to the equation of continuity of an incompressible fluid ? What do you mean by partition function ? Express Helmholtz free energy and entropy in terms of the partition function. What is Bose-Einstein condensation ? Give an account of its theory. Enumerate the properties of Ideal Fermi gas. What do you mean by cluster expansion ? Discuss the classical theory of the cluster expansion. Using the mean field theory approximation, calculate the expected value of magnetization in the Icing model. What is phase transition ? Differentiate first and second order phase transition ? Disucss the Landan theory of phase transition.

2. 3.

4.

5. 6. 7.

8.

9.

10. Write notes on :­ (i) Scale transformations and (ii) Dimensional analysis.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Physics)

Part­I, Paper­V

(Nuclear and Particle Physics)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

Discuss the effective range theory of neutron-proton scattering and hence obtain a relation between scattering length, effective range and deuteron binding energy. Explain its experimental verification. Describe the basic ideas in Yukawa's meson exchange theory of the nuclear force. Define total and differential cross-section. Give the experimental determination of crosssection. Give a brief account of Fermi's theory of ­decay and show how it was necessary to postulate the existence of neutrino. What is helicity ? Discuss its importance in the case of interactions in which parity in isolated. Describe the phenomenon of internal conversion. Obtain an expression for internal conversion coefficient for K-shell. Conversion is parity favoured transition. Give an account of non-conservation of parity in weak interaction. Explain ­ puzzle in this context. Explain the resonance state for pion nucleon interaction. Give an account of SU(2) symmetry. Explain this symmetry for the strong interaction existing between nucleons.

2. 3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8. 9.

10. Give the baryon structure on the basis of quark model under SU(3) symmetry.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Physics)

Part­I, Paper­VI

(Atomic and Molecular Physics)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group should be attempted. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' Calculate the spin-orbit interaction energy for a single non-penetrating valence electron.

State, explain and deduce Pauti's exclusion principle. What is its physical significance ? Describe and explain the different types of couplings in atoms. Give illustrative examples. Derive on expression the Lande's splitting factor and explain the anomalous Zeeman effect of sodium douplet lines D1 and D2 with its help. Discuss Stark effect. Show that splitting increases with the increase of principle quantum number n. GROUP 'B' Discuss the centrifugal distortion constant D and obtain its value for molecules having B = 10 cm­1 and W = 10³ cm­1. Give the theory of a vibrational-rotational spectrum of diatomic molecules. State Franck-Condon principle and give its wave-mechanical interpretation. How does it help in understanding the intensity distribution in the vibrational structure of the electronic transitions of a diatomic molecule ? What do you mean by NMR ? Explain how low frequency wave becomes a powerful tool of chemical analysis.

6. 7. 8.

9.

10. The 2886 cm­1 fundamental band of HCL can be shown to fit in the empirical equation V (cm­1) = 2885.90 + 20.577 m ­ 0.3034 m² (Calculate the values of Be, B0 and B1. Given that e = 0.3019 cm­1)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Physics)

Part­I, Paper­VII

(Condensed Matter Physics)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

What are Symmetry operations ? Describe the principal symmetry operations applicable to a three-dimensional lattice. Show that the five-fold rotation axis is not permissible in case of lattices. Describe a hexagonal close-packed structure (hcp) and calculate its atomic fraction. Show that the c/a ratio for an ideal hcp structure in 8/3 .

2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Derive the Laue equations for diffraction of X-rays by a crystalline solid. Show that the Bragg's equation is a special case of the Laue equations. What are Brillouin Zones ? How are they related to energy levels of an electron in a metal ? Draw the Brillouin Zones for a two-dimensional square-lattice of side 'a'. Describe the rotating crystal method for diffraction of X-rays. How do the layer lines form ? How will you determine the identity period from this photograph ? Discuss the Kronig-Penney model for a linear lattice. How does it lead to the formation of energy lands in solids ? Describe the nearly free electron model for determining the electron energy lands in metal and show that the model leads to finite discontinuities in energy at the zone boundaries. What is a Fermi surface ? Give its characteristics. Describe the Fermi surface of an fcc lattice.

Give an account of de Hass-van Alphen effect. Explain how it provides a powerful method for the study of Fermi Surface. 10. Give the qualitative description of the BCS theory. How does it account for the superconducting state ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Physics)

Part­I, Paper­VIII

(Electronic Devices)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2.

Describe the structure and operating characteristics of BJT. How are these explained ? Describe the design and operating characteristics of Tunnel diode. What is meant by Tunneling ? Discuss the basic structure of a Memory Chip. Explain the basic design and wovlling of Charge Coupled Device (CCD). Describe the basic principle behind Electro-optic modulators with special reference to phase and amplitude modulation. What is meant by magneto-optic effect ? Explain it with special reference to Faraday effect and magneto-optic Kerr effect. Explain acousto-optic effect. Mention the areas of its applications. Explain tranmissive and reflective type LCDs. What is surface acoustic wave (SAW) ? Discuss the use of SAW in sensors.

3. 4. 5.

6.

7. 8. 9.

10. What do you mean by series and parallel resonant frequency of a crystal ? A Crystal has L = 3#, C = 0.05 µ F, R = 2 K , and capacitor (in parallel) C1 = 10 pF. Calculate the series and parallel resonant frequencies of the crystal.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Botany)

Part­I, Paper­I

(Biodiversity of Plants and Diversity of Algae)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' Discuss the origin of Biodiversity and explain concept and level of Biodiversity in detail.

State and explain the status of Biodiversity India. Define ecosystem. Give an account of structure and functions of an ecosystem. How many hot spots are found in the world ? Discuss the hot spots found in India. Explain the factor responsible for decline in Biodiversity.

Or,

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Ecological Pyramids. (b) Food web. (c) Productivity.

6. 7. 8. 9.

GROUP 'B' Give detailed account of classification of chlorophyceae.

Give the detailed account of classification of Myxophyceae and their chief characteristics. Discuss the symbiotic relationship of Algae with other organisms in light of Nitrogenfixation. What do you mean by Harmful Algal Blooms ? Explain the different types of toxins produced by the toxic alage.

10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Anoxia (b) Hepatotoxins (c) Neurotoxins (d) Algal Bloom

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Botany)

Part­I, Paper­II

(Microbiology and Diversity of Fungi)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1. 2.

GROUP 'A' What are different method of classification of Bacteria on the basis of molecular characterization ?

Describe method of staining of bacteria as proposed by Christian gram. Explain the significance of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria on the basis of this staining procedure. Draw a typical bacterial cell and identify all parts. What the macronutrients and micronutrient in context to bacterial metabolism. What is a culture media ? What are the types of culture media ? Describe method to prepare a culture media.

3. 4. 5.

Or Describe the ultra structure and method of reproduction of TMV ? GROUP 'B' Give detailed classification of fungi and provide important characters of the classes.

Write the names of three sex hormones in fungi with their structural formula. Write an essay on Heterothallism. Write an essay on the economic importance of fungi.

6. 7. 8. 9.

10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) What is Mycotoxins ? (b) Write the name of five Mycotoxins. (c) Explain the harmful effect of Mycotoxins.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Botany)

Part­I, Paper­III

(Plant Pathology)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4.

Discuss the history of Plant Pathology and mention its future perspective. Describe the role of enzymes in Pathogenesis. Define toxins and mention their role Played in Plant Pathogenesis. Give an illustrated account of an important disease of any one of the following. (a) Wheat (b) Mustard (c) Potato Give an account of loose smut of wheat mentioning its symptoms and control. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Control of loose smut of wheat. (b) Etiology and symptoms of Bunchy top of banana. (c) Etiology and symptoms of die back of chilli. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Systemic fungicides. (b) Metalaxyl. (c) Antibiotics. What do you mean by eradication ? Do you think that eradication is a helpful tool in the control of Plant disease ? Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Systemic diseases. (b) Endemic diseases. (c) Epidemic or epiphytotic diseases.

5. 6.

7.

8. 9.

10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Toxins. (b) Phytotoxins. (c) Vivotoxins. (d) Pathotoxins.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Botany)

Part­I, Paper­IV

(Biology and Diversity of Brophyta and Pteridophyta)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' Describe the different methods of vegetative reproduction in Bryophyte.

Describe the salient features of the order Marchantiales and mention its affinities. Describe the economic importance of Bryophytes. Give an account of Fossil Bryophytes. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Fossil Hepaticopsida. (b) Fossil Bryopsida. (c) Gemmae.

6. 7. 8. 9.

GROUP 'B' Describe seed habit and its origin with reference to selaginella.

What are the salient features in the life history of Psilotum. Give an account of Isoetales and their affinities. Give the classification of filicales and mention Indian species.

10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Aquatic ferns. (b) Epiphytic ferns. (c) Terrestrial ferns.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Botany)

Part­I, Paper­V

(Diversity of Seed plants and their Taxonomy)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' Give classification of Gymnasperm. Mention important characters and examples of each class.

What are the main characters of gymnosperms ? Describe their similarities and dissimilarities with Pleridophytes and angiosperms. Compare the development of the female gametophyte of Cycas, Pinus and Taxus. Write an essay on "Economic importance of gymnosperms". Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Resin. (b) Turpentine. (c) Amber. (d) Medicinal uses of gymnosperms.

6. 7. 8.

GROUP 'B' Describe in details about the various aspects of Phylogenetic system of classification.

What is taximetrics ? Discuss its importance in taxonomy. Discuss the Phylogeny of the family :­ (a) Magnoliaceae. (b) Caryophyllaceae. (c) Fabaceae. (d) Cyperaceae. Define herbaria and its role in plant taxonomy.

9.

10. Mention in detail the origin of Botanic Garden and its importance in modern science.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Botany)

Part­I, Paper­VI

(Management of Forest Resources)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Define forest and forestry. What are the benefits of forests ? Explain in detal. Explain in brief forest conservation. Define ecosystem and explain the structure and function of forest ecosystem. Why forest is important to us ? How forests are classified for management and discuss the scope of forest. What are social forestry and agroforestry ? Write about People's participation in conservation of forests in India. Write the advantage of tree improvement. What is MAB ? Describe its project related to forests ?

10. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Scientific forestry. (b) Food from forests. (c) Forest Productivity. Or, Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Forest. (b) Forest Resource. (c) Type of forest.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Botany)

Part­I, Paper­VII

(Cell Biology)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Explain in brief the modern concept of origin of Life. Describe in detail the composition of cell membrane. Discuss the structure and function of Endoplasmic reticulum. How DNA makes its own copies ? Explain the structure and function of Nucleolus. How cancer developed ? Give two DNA virus and RNA virus which cause cancer. Define the terms : Cell Cycle and mitosis. Name the stages of cell cycle . Which is usually the longest stage ? Explain the structure and Chemistry of Chromosome. Draw a well label diagram of TEM.

Or

Draw a well label diagram of SEM and also state its function. 10. Write short notes on any two of the following :(a) Genomic Organisation of Mitochondria (b) Give ultra-structure, function of Ribosome (c) Mitrochondrial Enzyme System (d) Function of Chloroplast

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. (Botany)

Part­I, Paper­VIII

(Plant Anatomy and Embryolog)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80 Time : 3 Hours.

Answer any Five Questions. At least two questions from each group. All questions carry equal marks.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP 'A' What do you mean by Meristmatic tissue ? Give the Characteristic feature of meristmatic tissue.

What is Stomata ? Describe the classification of Stomatal type. Describe the role of nodal floral and seed anatomy in taxonomy and phylogeny. What do you mean by anatomy and explain the significance of anatomical feature in relation to taxonomy. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Periblem (b) Apical cell theory (c) Protodeum (d) Procambium

6. 7. 8. 9.

GROUP 'B' Illustrate the technique and advantage of ovule, ovary, endosperm and nucleus culture.

What are uses of experimental embryology ? Define Polyembryony and apomixes. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) Pollen Pistil interaction (b) Embryosac (c) Evolution of Pollen

10. Write short notes on any two of the following :­ (a) Hypogeal Germination of seed (b) Pollen tube germination (c) Microsporogenesis

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. Mathematics

Part­I, Paper­I

(Advanced Abstract Algebra)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

(a) (b)

Define a composition series and prove that every finite group G has a composition series. State and prove Schreier refinement theorem .

R

2. 3. 4.

State and prove Jordan-Holder theorem for finite group. In a commutative ring R with unity, show that an ideal S is maximal if and only if field. (a) (b)

S

is a

Show that in every principal ideal domain, each pair of elements has a greatest common divisor. Define an Euclidean ring. Show that the ring I of all integers is an Euclidean ring. Let M and N be modules over R and let f : M N be a homomorphism. Show that the Kernel of f is a submodule of M. Define a module. Prove that an abelian group G is a module over the ring of integers. Show that any unital irreducible R-module is cyclic.

5.

(a) (b)

6.

(a) (b)

7. 8.

Show that union of two sub-modules is a sub-module if and only if one is contained in the other. Establish the transitivity property of finite extension of fields. (a) Define algebraic and simple extension of a field and give one example of each of them. (b) If a and b are algebraic over a field F, then prove that a ± b, ab, ab

1

(b o ) are

algebraic over F. 9. (a) Define normal extension of a field and give one example. (b) Show that the order of the Galois group G (K,F) is equal to [K : F]. 10. Find the Galois group of the equation x³­2 = 0 over the field Q of rational numbers.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. Mathematics

Part­I, Paper­II

(Real Analysis)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2. 3. 4.

(a) State and prove Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem. (b) Deduce Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem from Heine-Borel theorem. Show that a function f on [a, b] is of bounded variation if and only if it can be represented as a difference of two monotonically increasing functions on [a, b]. (a) State and prove the first mean value theorem for Riemann-Stieltges integral. (b) State and prove a necessary and sufficient condition for f R ( ) on [a, b]. (a) If f R ( ) and has a continuous derivative ' on [a, b], then prove that Riemann integral f (x) ' (x) dx exists and f(x) d (x) = f (x) ' (x) dx

b a b a b a

5.

(b) (a)

(b)

6.

(a) (b)

7.

(a) (b)

8. 9.

(a) (b) (a) (b)

10. (a) (b)

If f is continuous on [a, b], prove that f R ( ) on [a, b]. Let f be a vector-valued function defined on an open subset E of Rn with values in Rm. If both partial derivatives Dif and Djf existin an n-ball B(C, ) and if both are differentiable at c, then prove that Di,jf (c) = Dj,if (c). Let f : R² R be defined by xy (x² ­ y²) f (x, y) = , if (x, y) (0, 0) and f(0, 0) = 0 x² + y² then show that D1 2f (0, 0) D2 1f (0, 0). Let E be an open subset of Rn and f be a vector valued function f : E Rm. If f is differentiable at a point c of E then prove that f is continuous at c. Let f = (f1, f2, ...., fm) be a vector-valued function defined on an open subset E of Rn with values in Rm. Prove that f is differentiable at c if and only if each component fk is differentiable at c. State and prove Abel's theorem. n Obtain the radius of convergence of the following power series. n x n n =0 n Explain Lagrange's multiplier method. Find an extreme value of the function f(x, y, z) = 2xyz ­ 4zx ­ 2yz + x² + y² + z² ­ 2x ­ 4y + 4z. State and prove implicit function theorem. Discuss the applicability of implicit function theorem to the following equation for the existence of unique implicit function near the point indicated. Also find the first order derivative of the solutions whenever they exist. f(x, y) = y² ­ yx² ­ 2x5 Let f = (f1, f2, ...., fn) be defined on an open set E c Rn and have values in Rn. Let f e' in E. Then prove that f1, f2, ...., fn are functionally dependent on every compact subset of E if and only if the Jacobian determinant Jf(x) = 0 for every x E. If u = Cosx, v = Sinx Cosy, w = Sinx Siny Cosz, then show that (u, v, w) = (­1)³ Sin³x Sin²y Sinz (x, y, z)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. Mathematics

Part­I, Paper­III

(Measure Theory)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2.

(a) (b) (a)

If E1 and E2 are measurable, then show that E1 U E2 is measurable. Show that an enumerable set is measurable with measure equal to 0. Let {Ei} be an infinite decreasing sequence of measurable sets. Let m E1 < . Prove that m ( I E i ) = lim m Ei i i =1 Prove that cantor's ternary set is an uncountable set of measure 0. Prove that a continuous function is measurable but every measurable function is not continuous. If f is measurable, then show that f is measurable. If f is integrable, then show that f is integrable and conversely and f f . If f is integrable, then show that f = a.e. finite. Show that if f , g and f + g exist in Lebesgue sense, then f + g = f + g d 1 Examine the L­ integrability of f (x ) = x² Sin over [0, 1]. dx x² State and prove Fatou's lemma. Verify Fatou theorem for the sequence f n (x) where

(b)

3.

(a) (b)

4. 5. 6.

State and prove Egoroff's theorem. (a) (b) (a) (b)

7.

(a) (b)

{ }

8.

9.

f 2k (x) = g (x) 0, 0 x < ½ (0 x 1) and g(x) = f 2k ­ 1 (x) = g (1 ­ x) 1, ½ x 1 (a) State and prove Lebesgue monotone convergence theorem. (b) Verify bounded convergence theorem for nx (x) fn = (0 x 1) , n = 1, 2, 3, ...... 1 + n² x² (a) Show that every function of bounded variation on [a, b] is bounded on [a, b]. Is the converse true ? Justify your answer. (b) Show that a function may be continuous without being of bounded variation over an interval [a, b].

Show that an absolutely continuous function is continuous but the converse is not true. If f is integrable over [a, b] and f (t) dt = 0 for all x in [a, b], then prove that

a x

10. (a) (b)

f(x) = 0 a.e. in [a, b].

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. Mathematics

Part­I, Paper­IV

(Topology)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

(a) (b)

Let X b a topological space. Let A X and A be closed. Then show that A is the disjoint union of its set of isolated points and its set of limit points. Show that A is open if and only if A is disjoint from its boundary. Let (Y, U) be a subspace of topological space (X,T). Prove that a necessary and sufficient condition for a relatively open set in Y to be an open set in X is that Y be open. Prove that the open rectangles in the Euclidean plane form an open base. Let f : X Y be a mapping of one topological space into another. Prove that f is continuous f ( A ) f ( A) for every subset A of X. Show by an example that a continuous mapping is not necessarily an open mapping. Show that the product of any non-empty class of Hausdorff spaces is a Hausdorff space. Give an example to show that a one-to-one continuous mapping of one topological space onto another need not be a homeomorphism. Give an example of a topological space which is a T1­ space but not a T2­ space. Show that the property of being a T2­ space is both hereditary and topological. Give an example of a normal space which is not regular or T1. Show that every metric space is a normal space. Show that the open interval (0, 1) on the real line R is not compact. Prove that every compact subspace of a Hausdorff space is closed. Show that a topological space X is compact if and only if every class of closed sets with the f.i.p. has non-empty intersection. Show that every compact regular space is normal. Let X be a topological space and A a connected subspace of X. Show that A , the closure of A is connected. Show that connectedness is not a hereditary property.

2.

(a)

(b)

3.

(a) (b)

4.

(a) (b)

5. 6. 7. 8.

(a) (b) (a) (b) (a) (b) (a) (b)

9.

(a) (b)

10. Prove that a subspace X of the real line R (with usual topology) is connected it and only if X is an interval.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. Mathematics

Part­I, Paper­V

(Linear Algebra, Lattice Theory, and Boolean Algebra)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

Prove that a linear operator E is projection an some subspace if and only if it is idempotent. (b) If E is a projection on M along N then show that I­E is a projection on N along M and vice-versa. n 2. (a) Prove that if V (F) is a n-dimensional vector space then V is isomorphic to F . (b) Let V3 (R) be a vector space and B = {(1,­1, 3), (0, 1,­1), (0, 3, ­2)} be a basis of V3 (R). Find its dual basis. 3. (a) Define a bilinear form on a vector space. Show that every bilinear form f on a vector space V (K) can be uniquely expressed as the sum of a symmetric and skewsymmetric bilinear form. (b) Show that quadratic forms defined by 2 2 2 2 q(x1 , x 2 , x 3 ) = 5x1 + x 2 + 21x 3 + 4x1x 2 - 20x1x 3 - 8x 2 x 3 and q (y y y 3 ) = y1 + y 2 + y 3 2 2 1, 2, are equivalent. 4. (a) Prove that two real quadratic forms are equivalent if and only if they have the same rank and the same index. 3 (b) Let {(1,1,1), (0,1,1), (0,0,1)} be a basis in Euclidean space R . Then find orthonormal basis. 5. (a) Prove that lattices of normal subgroups of an arbitrary group is a modular lattice. (b) Give an example of a partially ordered set which is not a lattice. 6. (a) Find a necessary and sufficient condition for a lattice to be modular. (b) Prove that a complemented modular lattice is relatively complemented. 7. (a) Prove that complement of an element in a Boolean algebra is unique. (b) Prove that if B is Boolean algebra and x, y, z B, then x (y­z) = (x y) ­ (x z). 8. Show that a Boolean algebra can be made into a Boolean ring. 9. (a) Give any two linear operators on V (K) show that (i) det (T1T2) = (det T1) (det T2). (ii) T invertible det T 0 1 - 2 0 (b) Reduce A = 1 - 1 2 0 1 1 to a triangular matrix. 10. (a) Define a nilpotent matrix and give with justification an example of a nilpotent matrix of index 3. (b) Find Jordan canonical form of 4 2 0 - 3 8 A= 3 4 - 8 - 2

1.

(a)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. Mathematics

Part­I, Paper­VI

(Complex Analysis)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

(a) (b) (a)

Define an analytic function and obtain Cauchy Riemann Differential equations. Show that the function u = x 3 - 3xy 2 is harmonic and find the corresponding analytic function. Prove that the sum function f(z) of the power series

an z

n

2.

represents an analytic

3.

(a) (b)

4.

(a) (b)

function inside the circle of convergence. (b) if w = f(z) = u + iv and u ­ v = ex (Cos y ­Sin y), find w in terms of z. Show that every bilinear transformation maps circles or straight lines into circles or straight lines. z transforms the interior of unit circle Prove that the transformation w = tan2 4 w =1 into the interior of the parabola r = Sec 2 2 Find all the Mobius transformations which transform the half plane I (z) > 0 into circles w 1 . If w = 2 z + z 2 , Prove that the circle z = 1 corresponds to a cardioid in w ­ plane. State and prove Canchy's theorem. c 1 1 2 Show that :­ e 2 z ­ = a z n where a = Cos (n - cSin ) d n 2 z - n 0 State and prove Liouville's theorem. Evaluate

5.

(a) (b)

6.

(a) (b)

C

(z + 1)4

e 2z dz

where C is z = 3.

7.

(a) (b)

State and prove Cauchy's residue theorem. Cot z Find kind of singularities of at z = a and z = . (Z - a) 2 State and prove Rouche's theorem.

8.

(a) (b)

By the method of contour integration, prove that

1 + x²

o

dx

=

. 2

9.

(a) (b)

Discuss Dirichlet's problem for a half-plane. State and derive Cauchy integral formula for the half-plane. Show that Green's function for I(c) is symmetric. If a I(c), then G(z, a) > o for each z in I(c) such that z a.

10. (a) (b)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. Mathematics

Part­I, Paper­VII

(Theory of Differential Equations)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

(a) (b)

State and prove Ascoli's theorem. Compute the first three successive approximations for the solution of the following equation y = y 2 , y (0) =1 .

/

2. 3.

State and prove Cauchy-Peano existence theorem. (a) Define a linear system and show that it satisfies Lipschitz condition and set of its solutions form a vector space. (b) Solve the system of linear equations / 2 / y1 = y1 , y 2 = y1 + y 2 . (a) Let A be a square matrix of order n with continuous elements on an interval I. Let B(x) be a matrix of functions on I satisfying B/ (x) = A (x) B (x). show that for r, x I,

det B (x) = det B (r) exp

4.

t r A (t) dt.

r

x

(b) 5. (a)

Solve y = 2y1 + y 2 ,

/ 1

/ y2

= 3y1 + 4y 2 .

Define eA where A is a square matrix of order n. Justify this definition and show that

e A (n - 1) + e .

4 1 find e A of A = . 3 2 (a) Show that the set of all solutions of a linear homogeneous system on a given interval I is a complex vector space of dimension n. (b) Solve by matrix method dx DE : 1 = 9x1 - 8x 2 dt dx 2 = 24x1 -19x 2 dt IC : x1 (0) =1, x 2 (0) = 0.

(b) 6. If characteristic equation is (a)

2

A

7.

- (a + d) + (ad - bc) = 0 then show that

if roots 1 , 2 of characteristic equation are real, unequal and of the same sign then critical point (0,0) of linear system dx dy = ax + by, = cx + dy is a node. dt dt if roots 1 , 2 are real, unequal and of the opposite sign then critical point (0,0) of above linear system is a saddle point.

P.T.O.

(b)

8.

(a) (b)

Find the nature of critical point (0,0) of the system

determine whether or not the point is stable.

dx = 2x - 4y, dt

dy = 2 x - 2y and dt

Determine the type and stability of the critical point (0,0) of the non-linear system dx dy = x + y + x 2 y, = 3x - y + 2xy 3 . dt dt Show that (2n + 1) x Pn (x) = (n + 1) Pn +1 (x) + n Pn -1 (x). Show that

1 1- t e = t n L n (x). 1- t n =o - xt

9.

(a) (b)

10. (a)

Show that integral representation of Bessel's function is given by

J

(b) Show that

1 (x) = Cos (n - x Sin ) d . n o

J n -1 (x) + J n +1 (x) =

2n x

J n (x).

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

M.Sc. Mathematics

Part­I, Paper­VIII

(Set theory, Graph theory, Number theory, Differential Geometry)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1. 2.

(a) (b) (a)

(b)

Show that the set of all real numbers is uncountable. Prove that every set can be well ordered. (i) ( + ) = + State and prove Cantor's theorem. For any cardinal numbers , and show that (ii) ( + ) + = + ( + )

3.

(a) (b) (a)

Prove that an undirected graph has even number of vertices of odd degree. Let G be a non-directed graph with 12 edges. If G has 6 vertices each of degree 3 and the remaining having degree 3. Find the minimum number of vertices of G.

4.

Prove that V ­ E + R = 2, where symbols have usual meaning and graph G is connected. (b) Show that a complete graph of n vertices is planar if n 4. State and prove division algorithm in theory of numbers. Find the general solution of 8x + 5y = 81. State and prove Euler's theorem. 67 Evaluate . 89 State and prove Serret Frenet formulae. Find the radii of curvature and torsion of the helix x = a Cos , y = a Sin , z = a tan . Find curvature and torsion of an asymptotic line. Show that asymptotic lines on the paraboloid 2z = x² y² x y ­ are ± = Constant. a² b² a b

5. 6.

(a) (b) (a) (b)

7.

(a) (b) (a) (b)

8.

9.

(a) (b)

Find the differential equation of the lines of curvature on any surface. Show that lines of curvature of the paraboloid xy = az lie on the surface x y Sin h ­1 ± Sin h ­1 = Constant. a a Define a geodesic on a surface and determine its torsion. Show that for a geodesic, T² = (K ­ K1 ) (K ­ K 2 ) where K is curvature and T is torsion.

10. (a) (b)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­I, Paper­I

(Curriculum and Instruction)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

^ikB~;p;kZ dh eq[; leL;k,¡ gSa % ikB~;p;kZ esa lfEefyr fo"k;&oLrq ds vuqØe] mldh fujUrjrk rFkk mlds ,dhdj.k dh deh A* Bksl rdZ nsrs gq, bl dFku dh foospuk dhft, A

'The main problems of curriculum are lack of sequence, continuity and integration of content included in curriculum'. Discuss the statement with convincing arguments.

2-

ikB~;p;kZ fodkl lEcU/kh fdUgha rhu izeq[k n`f"Vdks.kksa dh laf{kIr foospuk dhft, rFkk ikB~p;kZ fodkl esa fufgr izfØ;kRed pj.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Briefly discuss any three major approach to curriculum development and explain the procedural steps involved in curriculum development.

3-

^^ikB~;p;kZ ewY;kadu** uked vo/kkj.kk ls D;k vfHkizk; gS \ ikB~;p;kZ ewY;kadu ds fofHkUu lzksrksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by the concept "curriculum evaluation" ? Discuss various sources of curriculum evaluation.

4-

fdlh Hkh vuqns'kh i)fr ij ykxw djus dh n`f"V ls ,d i)fr ds vkxr&izfØ;k&fuxZr ekWMy dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the input-process-output model of a system as applicable to any instructional system.

56-

Cywe laKkukRed i)fr ;k vkjOEbZOEvkbZOE,eOE i)fr ds vk/kkj ij vuqns'kkRed mís';ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss instructional objectives on the basis of Bloom's Cognitive System or REIM system.

dk;Zdyki&vk/kkfjr vuqns'k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bldh izÑfr] izdkj] ykHk ,oa dfe;ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

What do you mean by activity-based instruction ? Discuss its nature, types, merits and demerits.

789-

vuqns'kh fu;kstu ls lEcfU/kr eqíksa ij ,d fooj.kkRed fVIi.kh fyf[k, A

Write a descriptive note on issues related to instructional planning.

vuqns'kkRed dk;Zuhfr dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk ,d vuqns'kkRed dk;Zuhfr fodflr djus ds izkpy ¼iSjkehVj½ dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Define instructional strategy and explain parameters of evolving and instructional strategy.

o.kZu dhft, fd vuqns'ku ds fy, v/;kid] fo|kFkhZ rFkk okrkoj.k fdl Hkk¡fr lalk/kuksa ds :i esa dk;Z dj ldrs gSa A

Describe as to how the teacher, the student and the environment can function as resources for instruction.

10- v/;kid&izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe ds nkSjku ;g visf{kr gS fd vki izHkkoh f'k{k.k gsrq mfpr {kerkvksa ,oa dkS'kyksa dh izkfIr djsa A bu dkS'kyksa ,oa {kerkvksa dks O;Dr dhft, vkSj crkb, fd izHkkoh v/;kid dh fLFkfr dh izkfIr esa] ;s dSls lgk;d gSa A

During teacher's training programme you are supposed to acquire requisite competencies and skills to teach effectively. State those skills and competencies and explain as to how they are helpful in making an effective teacher.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­I, Paper­II

(Psychology of Development and Learning)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

ekuo fodkl dh fofHkUu voLFkkvksa dk fooj.k nhft, A v/;srkvksa ds fodkl ds lqxehdj.k esa f'k{kd dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft, A

Describe various stages of human development. Discuss the role of teacher in facilitating the development of the learners.

2-

ek/;fed rFkk mPprj ek/;fed fo|ky;ksa ds fo|kÆFk;ksa ds lkekftd&laosxkRed fodkl dh fo'ks"krkvksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A bl fodkl ds lqxehdj.k esa f'k{kd dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft, A

Explain the characteristics of socio-emotional development of secondary and senior secondary school students. Discuss teacher's role in facilitating their development.

3-

O;fDrRo dh vo/kkj.kk rFkk bldh izÑfr dh O;k[;k djsa A O;fDrRo dks le>us ds fy, euksoS'ysf"kd rFkk eukslkekftd mikxeksa dh foospuk djsa A

Explain the concept and nature of personality. Discuss the psychoanalytical and psychosocial approaches in understanding personality.

4-

O;fDrRo fHkUurkvksa ds vkuqoaf'kd vk/kkj dh O;k[;k dhft, A v/;srk ds ekufld fodkl dks izHkkfor djus esa oa'kkuqØe dh Hkwfedk dk foospu dhft, A

Explain the genetic basis of individual differences. Discuss the role of heredity in influencing the mental development of the learners.

5-

Çyx vk/kkfjr iwokZxzg dk o.kZu dhft, A yM+fd;ksa dh f'k{kk dk lkoZtuhdj.k djus esa dkSu&dkSu lh eq[; ck/kk,¡ gSa A

Describe gender bias. What are the main social constraints coming in way of universal primary education of girls.

6-

vfHkizsj.k dh ladYiuk ,oa blds izdkjksa dk o.kZu dhft, A cPpksa dh 'kSf{kd miyfC/k dks fodflr djus esa vfHkizsj.k fdl izdkj lgk;d gS \

Explain the concept and types of motivation. How does motivation contribute to enhance children's academic achievement ?

7-

vf/kxe ds lEizR;; dh O;k[;k dhft, A fi;kt+s }kjk izfrikfnr vf/kxe ds laKkukRed mikxe dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Explain the concept of learning. Discuss main characteristics of Piaget's cognitive approach to learning.

8-

HkkoukRed {ks= dh ladYiuk dh O;k[;k dhft, A vf/kxe dk laKkukRed {ks=] HkkoukRed {ks= ls dSls fHkUu gS \

Explain the concept of affective domain. How does cognitive domain of learning differ from affective domain ?

9-

ijke'kZ dh vo/kkj.kk dh foospuk dhft, rFkk funsZ'ku] ijke'kZ rFkk euf'pfdRlk esa vUrj dhft, A

Discuss the concept of Counselling and distinguish between Guidance, Counselling and Psychotherapy.

10- viuh d{kk esa laosxkRed :i ls dqlek;ksftr cPpksa dh igpku dh ;kstuk rS;kj dhft, A ,sls cPpksa dh lgk;rk ds fy, vius }kjk iz;qDr dk;Zuhfr;ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Prepare a plan for the identification of emotionally maladjusted children in your class. Discuss the strategies you shall devise to help such children.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­I, Paper­III

(Educational Evaluation)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

ewY;kadu dh vo/kkj.kk dk foospu dhft, rFkk vPNs ewY;kadu dh fo'ks"krkvksa dks mi;qDr mnkgj.k nsdj le>kb, A

Discuss the concept of evaluation and explain the characteristics of good evaluation with suitable illustrations.

2-

^ekud&lanÆHkr* rFkk ^fud"k&lanÆHkr* ijh{k.k dk Hksn mi;qDr mnkgj.k izLrqr djrs gq, Li"V djsa ,oa fud"k&lanÆHkr ijh{k.k ds fuekZ.k ds fofHkUu pj.kksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Distinguish between, 'norm-referenced' and 'criterion-referenced' tests with suitable examples and explain the steps involved in construction of criterion-referenced tests.

34-

Cywe }kjk izfrikfnr 'kSf{kd mís';ksa ds oxhZdj.k dk mi;qDr mnkgj.k nsdj foospu dhft, A

Illustrate classification of educational objectives as suggested by Bloom, with suitable examples.

fo|kÆFk;ksa ds O;ogkj ds v'kS{kf.kd i{kksa ds ewY;kadu dh ,d rduhd ds :i esa ^fujh{k.k* ds iz;ksx dh foospuk dhft, A f'k{kdksa dks fujh{k.k dh fo'oluh;rk vkSj oS/krk fdl izdkj lqfuf'pr djuh pkfg, \

Discuss the use of 'observation' as a technique for evaluating non-scholastic aspects of student behaviour. How should the teacher ensure the reliability and validity of observation ?

567-

ewY;kadu ds vPNs midj.k dh vko';d dlkSVh dh O;k[;k lksnkgj.k dhft, A

Explain essential criteria of a good evaluation tool with examples.

Øefu/kkZj.k ekiuh dks ifjHkkf"kr djrs gq, muds izdkj] mi;ksx rFkk mudh lhekvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Define rating scales and describe their types, uses and limitations.

mipkjkRed lkexzh dh vko';drk rFkk egÙo D;k gS \ mi;qDr mnkgj.k nsrs gq, mipkjkRed lkexzh dh fuekZ.k izfØ;k rFkk blds mi;ksx dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is the need and importance of Remedial material ? Explain the process of preparation and use of Remedial material with suitable examples.

8-

lrr~ ewY;kadu ds vFkZ dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk lrr~ ewY;kadu ds dk;Z] ykHk ,oa lhekvksa dh laf{kIr foospuk dhft, A

Explain the meaning of continuous evaluation and briefly discuss the functions, advantages and disadvantages of continuous evaluation.

9-

ek/;] ekf/;dk rFkk cgqyd dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk d{kk ewY;kadu esa buds mi;ksx rFkk lhekvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Define Mean, Mode and Median and discuss their uses and limitations in class-room evaluation.

10- vius v/;kiu&fo"k; ls fdlh izdj.k dk p;u dj mldk Cyw&ÇizV rS;kj djsa A Cyw&ÇizV ds vk/kkj ij ,d ,sls fu"ifÙk ijh{k.k dh jpuk djsa ftlesa ,d vPNs fu"ifÙk ijh{k.k ds lHkh vko';d ekudksa dk lekos'k gks A

Select any topic from your teaching subject and prepare a blueprint. On the basis of the blueprint prepare an achievement test incorporating all the essential criteria of a good achievement test.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­I, Paper­IV

(Educational and Society)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A mÙkj

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

^^f'k{kk ds vk/;kfRed] fodklkRed rFkk lkekftd Lo:i ijLij iwjd gSa A** bl ij viuh fVIi.kh nhft, A

The spiritual, developmental and the social mould of education are actually complementary to each other. Comment.

2-

ehfM;k dk f'k{kk ds ,d egÙoiw.kZ ek/;e ds :i esa o.kZu dhft, A ?kj] fo|ky;] leqnk; rFkk ehfM;k ds ikjLifjd lEcU/k dh foospuk dhft, A

Describe the media as an important agency of education. Discuss the relationship between Home, School, Community and Media.

3-

iz;kstuokn dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A iz;kstuokn dk f'k{kk esa D;k ;ksxnku gS \ iz;kstuokn ds vuqlkj v/;kid dh fofHkUu Hkwfedkvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Define Pragmatism. What is the contribution of pragmatism in education ? Discuss various roles of the teacher according to Pragmatism.

4567-

iztkrkaf=d lekt esa fo|ky; ds fofHkUu dk;ks± dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe various functions of the school in a democratic society.

jk"Vªh; fodkl ds lUnHkZ esa Hkkjrh; lekt dh leL;kvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the problems of Indian Society in the context of National Development.

lkekftd ifjorZu ds midj.k ds :i esa f'k{kk dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss education as an instrument for social change.

fo|ky; ds mi;qDr izcU/ku gsrq f'k{kkÆFk;ksa ,oa leqnk; dh lgHkkfxrk dks fdl izdkj izHkkoyh cuk;k tk ldrk gS \ vius mÙkj dh iqf"V mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa ls dhft, A

How can students and community participation be made effective for proper management of the school ? Explain your answer with suitable illustrations.

89-

Lora=rk ds laxzke us Hkkjr esa f'k{kk dh izxfr dks fdl izdkj izHkkfor fd;k \

How has the freedom struggle influenced the development of education in India ?

leku fo|ky; O;oLFkk ds ckjs esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ D;k vki lksprs gSa fd leku fo|ky; O;oLFkk ns'k esa lkekftd vlekurk dks nwj dj ldrh gS A ppkZ dhft, A

What do you know about common school system ? Do you think the common school system can alleviate social inequality in our country ? Discuss.

10- viO;; o vojks/ku dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A viO;; o vojks/ku dks ?kVkus dh fofHkUu uohure ;kstukvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Define wastage and stagnation. Discuss the various innovative strategies to reduce wastage and stagnation.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­I, Paper­V

(Teacher & School)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

vkSipkfjd ,oa vukSipkfjd f'k{kk esa foHksn dhft, rFkk f'k{kk dh vkSipkfjd O;oLFkk ds :i esa fo|ky; dk o.kZu dhft, A

Distinguish between formal and informal education and delineate school as the formal system of education.

23-

Hkkjr esa fo|ky; f'k{kk ds orZeku laoS/kkfud izko/kkuksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Describe the existing constitutional provisions for school education in India.

^fo|ky; O;oLFkk esa lksiuØeksa* (hierarchies) ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ vkerkSj ij fo|ky; O;oLFkk esa O;kIr lajpuk ds lksikuØeksa ds izfr:iksa (models) dh ppkZ buds xq.k rFkk nks"kksa lfr dhft, A

What do you understand by 'hierarchies in school system' ? Discuss the models of hierarchies of structure generally found in school system with their merits and demerits.

45-

lao`fr (profession) D;k gS \ v/;;u&lao`fr ds vfHky{k.kkas dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is profession ? Explain characteristics of teaching profession

v/;kid esa izca/kd] lgHkkxh] lgk;rkdrkZ] ijke'kZnkrk vkSj leqnk; lgHkkxh dh Hkwfedk,¡ fuHkkus ds fy, dkSulh fof'k"V l{kerkvksa dk gksuk t:jh gS \ ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the specific competencies required of a teacher for performing the roles of a manager, a participant, a facilitator, a counselor and a community participant.

6-

Lo ewY;kadu ,oa led{kh ewY;kadu ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ vius led{kh lewg (peers) dk ewY;kadu djrs le; vki fdu ekunaMksa dks /;ku esa j[ksaxsa \ ppkZ dhft, A

What do you mean by self evaluation and peer evaluation ? Discuss the criteria that you would keep in mind while evaluating yours peers.

7-

^laizs"k.k* 'kCn ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ laizs"k.k izfØ;k ds eq[; pj.k D;k gSa \ foospuk dhft, fd laizs"k.k vojks/kh dkjd fdl izdkj izHkkoh laizs"k.k dks vo:) djrs gSa A

What do you understand by the term 'communication' ? What are the main steps of communicative process ? Discuss how do the communication barriers disrupt the effective communication process.

8-

fo|ky;h izHkkfork ds vFkZ ,oa vk;keksa dks Li"V dhft, A fo|ky;h izHkkfork fdl izdkj fo|ky;h okrkoj.k dks izHkkfor djrh gS \

Explain the meaning and dimensions of school effectiveness. How does school effectiveness affect school climate ?

9-

fØ;kfu"B vuqla/kku dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A fo|ky; O;oLFkk dks csgrj cukus esa bldh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft, A

Define action research. Discuss its role in improving school system.

10- vfHkHkkod&v/;kid la?k ds egRo vkSj mís';ksa dh O;k[;k djsa A mud dk;Zdykiksa dh foospuk djsa tks vfHkHkkod&v/;kid la?k }kjk vk;ksftr dh tkuh pkfg, A

Explain the importance and objectives of Parent-Teacher Association. Discuss the activities which need to be organized in a Parent-Teacher Association.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­II, Paper­VII

(Content Based Methodology)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

leku fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

Kku {ks= ds :i esa ^lkekftd v/;;u* dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A lkekftd v/;;u esa f'k{k.k&vf/kxe fØ;kvksa ds visf{kr vf/kxe ifj.kkeksa dh foospuk djsa A

Define 'Social Studies' as a field of knowledge. Discuss learning outcomes expected of the teaching-learning activities in Social Studies.

2-

lkekftd v/;;u fo"k; ds v/;kiu esa fun'kZu fof/k ¼fMeksaLVªs'ku esFkM½ dk iz;ksx fdl izdkj fd;k tk ldrk gS mnkgj.kksa lfgr foospuk dhft, A fun'kZu fof/k ds iz;ksx }kjk v/;kiu djus ds fofHkUu inksa ds nkSjku v/;kid dks fdu&fdu dfBukb;ksa dk lkeuk djuk iM+rk gS \

Discuss with examples how demonstration method can be used in teaching of Social Studies. Point out the difficulties faced by a teacher during various steps while teaching through demonstration method.

3-

lkekftd v/;;u esa f'k{k.k izØe dh ladYiuk dh O;k[;kk dhft, rFkk f'k{k.k izØe ds izeq[k ?kVdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Explain the concept of instructional process of in Social Studies and discuss the major components of the instructional process.

4-

laKkukRed ,oa xSj&laKkukRed vf/kxe ifj.kkeksa ds chp ds varj dks Li"V dhft,A laKkukRed ,oa xSj&laKkukRed vf/kxe ifj.kkeksa ds fy, ijh{k.k enksa (test items) ds fofo/k Lo:iksa dh ppkZ lkekftd v/;;u ds mnkgj.kksa dh lgk;rk ls dhft, A

Differentiate between cognitive and non-cognitive learning outcomes. Discuss various forms of test items for cognitive and non-cognitive learning outcomes with examples from Social Studies.

5-

fla/kq ?kkVh dh lH;rk ds nkSjku O;kIr lkekftd thou ,oa vkfFkZd n'kkvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A fo"k;oLrq fcUnqvksa] fof'k"V vuqns'kkRed mís';ksa] f'k{k.k&vf/kxe dk;Zdykiksa ,oa ewY;kadu fcUnqvksa dk mYys[k djrs gq, bl fo"k; ds v/;kiu dh vuqns'kkRed dk;Zuhfr fodflr dhft,A

Discuss social life and economic conditions prevailing during Indus Valley Civilization. Develop and instructional strategy to teach this topic mentioning content points, specific instructional objectives, teaching-learning activities and evaluation items.

6-

^lkaLÑfrd /kjksg* dh ladYiuk dh O;k[;k dhft,A d{kk IX ds Nk=ksa dks mDr 'kh"kZd dk v/;kiu djus dh n`f"V ls ,d ,slh vuqns'kukRed ;kstuk cukb, ftlesa v/;kiu fcUnqvksa] fof'k"V vuqns'kukRed mís';ks] vuqns'kukRed fØ;kdykiksa rFkk ewY;kadu&iz'uksa dk lekos'k gks A

Explain the concept of 'Cultural Heritage' Develop an instructional plan for teaching this topic to IX Class including teaching points, specific instructional objectives, instructional activities and evaluation questions.

P.T.O.

7-

Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk dh vkÆFkd lajpuk dks xfBr djus okyh izeq[k lgk;d lajpukvksa dh la{ksi esa ppkZ dhft, A izeq[k fo"k;&oLrq fcUnqvksa] fof'k"V vunqs'kkRed mís';ksa] v/;;u&v/;kiu dk;Zdykiksa ,oa ewY;kadu fcUnqvksa dk mYys[k djrs gq, bl fo"k;&oLrq ds v/;kiu dh vuqns'kkRed dk;Zuhfr fodflr dhft, A

Discuss briefly the major supporting structures which constitute the economic structure of Indian Economy. Develop an instructional strategy to teach this topic mentioning main content points, specific instructional objectives, teaching-learning activities and evaluation items.

8-

efLr"d&eaFku izfof/k (Brain-Storming technique) ls D;k vfHkizk; gS \ lkekftd v/;;u fo"k; ds v/;kiu esa v/;kid bl izfof/k dk mi;ksx dSls dj ldrk gS \

What do you understand by Brain-Storming technique ? How can a teacher use it in teaching of Social Studies ?

9-

Hkkjrh; lafo/kku esa izfr"Bkfir Hkkjrh; jk"Vª ds vkn'kksZa dh foospuk djsa A fo"k; foUnqvksa] fof'k"V vuqns'ku mís';ksa] f'k{k.k&vf/kxe fØ;kvksa o ewY;kadu iz'uksa dk mYys[k djrs gq, bls i<+kus ds fy, ,d vuqns'ku ;kstuk dk fodkl djsa A

Discuss the ideals of the Indian Nation enshrined in its Constitution. Develop an instructional strategy to tech this mentioning content points, specific instructional objectives, teaching-learning activities and evaluation items.

10- fo|ky;ksa esa f'k{k.k dky esa fo|kÆFk;ksa }kjk lh[kus esa dfBu dqN izdj.k vkidksa feys gksaxs A vkius mUgas dSls i<+;k \ foLrkj ls mudh ikB ;kstuk dks le>k,¡ A

During teaching in Schools, you might have come across certain difficult topic to be learnt by students. How did you teach them ? Illustrate the lesson plan for them in detail.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­II, Paper­VII & VIII

(Content Based Methodology) Paper : Teaching of English

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1.

What is the relationship between the need for learning a language and its teaching objectives? Explain with an example from teaching of English as a second language. What is the status of English language in the context of our Indian education system? Discuss the role of the English teacher in this context giving suitable examples. Mention three major approaches to English Language teaching. Which one do you think is the best and why? In the context of learning language, discuss the role of integrative and instrumental motivation. Give suitable examples to illustrate your answer. Mention different kinds of listening activities which can be used in the classroom for teaching listening skills. Describe any one of them in detail. Mention at least four different kinds of Speaking Activities that can be used in the classroom for teaching speaking skills. Describe any one of them in detail. It is through books that one acquires knowledge, for which one needs to be proficient in reading. Do you think reading is the most important language skill? Give a reasoned answer bringing out the implications for a teacher of English. What is the place of grammar in language learning? Discuss, bringing out the changing approach to grammar in recent times. Write a note on different kinds of vocabularies and their implications for the teaching of vocabulary. What is a lesson plan? What are the essential components of a lesson plan? Discuss the weak and strong points of any one lesson-plan which you must have prepared during teaching at Secondary level.

2.

3.

4

5

6.

7.

8

9.

10.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­II, Paper­VII & VIII

(Content Based Methodology)

¼fgUnh f'k{k.k izfof/k½

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234-

Hkk"kk D;k gS \ Hkk"kk dh izÑfr ds fo"k; esa izpfyr fofo/k n`f"Vdks.kksa dk mYys[k dhft, A Hkk"kk ds fofHkUu dk;Z dkSu&dkSu ls gksrs gSa \ Hkk"kk f'k{k.k esa vf/kxe fu;eksa ,oa fl)kUrksa dh mi;ksfxrk ij izdk'k Mkysa A vius mÙkj dh iqf"V mnkgj.k nsdj dhft, A ^^ekr`Hkk"kk ckyd ds lok±xh.k fodkl dh vk/kkjf'kyk gS A** izLrqr dFku dh iqf"V djrs gq, ekr`Hkk"kk ds mís';ksa ,oa egÙoksa dks Li"V dhft, A ^^Hkk"kk f'k{k.k esa ikB~;&iqLrd dk iz;ksx lk/; ds :i esa ugha oju~ lk/ku ds :i esa fd;k tkuk pkfg, A** bl dFku dh iqf"V djrs gq, fgUnh ikB~;&iqLrd ds egÙo rFkk Lo:i dk laf{kIr foospu dhft, A fgUnh ys[ku esa orZuh dh v'kqf);ksa ds izeq[k dkj.k D;k gSa \ budh lksnkgj.k ppkZ dhft, rFkk buds lq/kkj ds mik; Hkh crkb, A Jo.k dkS'ky dk vFkZ ,oa egÙo crkb;s rFkk Jo.k dkS'ky fodkl ds fy, d{kk&f'k{k.ksÙkj fØ;kdykiksa dk mYys[k dhft, A dfork f'k{k.k dk Hkk"kk f'k{k.k esa D;k LFkku gS \ ek/;fed d{kkvksa esa dfork dk lkSUn;Zcks/k dSls djk;k tk ldrk gS \ mnkgj.k lfgr le>kb, A ewY;kadu dh vo/kkj.kk dks Li"V djrs gq, Li"V dhft, fd Hkk"kk ds ewY;kadu dks mi;ksxh dSls cuk ldrs gSa A dfri; mnkgj.k nsdj Hkk"kk n{krk ds ewY;kadu dks mi;ksxh cukus ds lq>ko nhft, A Hkk"kk dh n`f"V ls O;kdj.k f'k{k.k dk D;k egÙo gS \ O;kdj.k f'k{k.k dh fof/k;ksa dk foLrkj ls mnkgj.k nsdj mYys[k dhft, A

5678-

9-

10- fØ;kRed 'kks/k ds vFkZ ,oa egÙo dh ppkZ djrs gq, fØ;kRed 'kks/k ds lksiku rFkk fofHkUu vfHkdYiksa dh mnkgj.k lfgr foospuk dhft, A

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­II, Paper­VII & VIII

(Content Based Methodology) [Science Method)

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

izfØ;k ,oa mRikn ds :i esa foKku dh izÑfr dh iqf"V] mfpr mnkgj.kksa dh lgk;rk ls dhft, A

Justify the nature of Science as a process and product, with suitable illustrations.

ek/;fed Lrj ij foKku v/;kiu ds y{;ksa ,oa mís';ksa dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, ek/;fed fo|ky;h ikB~;p;kZ esa foKku ds LFkku dh iqf"V dhft, A

Justify the place of Science in Secondary school curriculum in view of aims and objectives of teaching Science at Secondary level.

3-

ek/;fed Lrj ij foKku v/;kiu ds leL;k&lek/kku mikxe dh izÑfr] blesa 'kkfey pj.k ,oa blds xq.k rFkk nks"kksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss nature, steps involved, advantages and disadvantages of problem solving approach of teaching Science at Secondary level.

4-

^ifj;kstuk* dk D;k vFkZ gS \ foKku f'k{k.k ds fy, ^ifj;kstuk fof/k* ds mi;ksx] blds ykHkksa rFkk gkfu;ksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What is meant by 'Project' ? Explain the use, advantages and disadvantages of 'Project method' for teaching of Science.

5-

lSd.Mjh fo|ky;ksa esa foKku f'k{k.k gsrq foKku iz;ksx'kkyk D;ksa vko';d gS \ vki vius fo|ky; esa ,d izHkkoh foKku iz;ksx'kkyk dh ;kstuk] O;oLFkk rFkk ns[kHkky dSls djsaxs \ iz;ksx'kkyk esa lqj{kk O;oLFkk ds fy, D;k&D;k mik; vko';d gSa \

Why is a science laboratory essential for teaching science in secondary schools ? How will you plan, organize and maintain an effective science laboratory in your school ? What safety measures are needed in the laboratory ?

6-

foKku fo"k; ds iz'u&i= fuekZ.k ds izeq[k pj.k ¼in½ D;k gSa \ foKku dh lS)kfUrd ijh{kk ds iz'u&i= fuekZ.k ds le; /;ku esa j[kus ;ksX; eq[; fcUnqvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What are the important steps of test construction for science subject ? Describe the main points to be considered when setting a science theory paper.

78-

vuqns'kh; dk;Z dh ;kstuk dh vko';drk vkSj iz;kstu dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the need and purpose of planning of instructional work.

fo|kÆFk;ksa ds fu"iknu ds ewY;kadu dks n'kkZus okyk fuEufyf[kr esa ls dkSu&lk csgrj lwpd gS \

Which of the following is a better inceptor to show evaluation of students performance ? (a) LFkkuh; ijh{kk izxfr fjiksVZ dkMZ (Local examination progress report card) (b) Ldwy f'k{kk cksMZ izkIrkad (School education board marks sheet). Justify you answer.

P.T.O.

9-

^^foKku ikB~;Øe foKku fo"k; dh izÑfr] blds mís';] cPpksa ds laKkukRed Lrj rFkk orZeku d{kk vofLFkfr;ksa ds vuq:i gksuk pkfg, \** vki bl dFku ls fdl lhek rd lger gSa \ vius mÙkj dh iqf"V dhft, A

'Science Curriculum should be compatible with the nature of science, objectives as well as with the cognitive level of children and existing classroom conditions.' How for do you agree with this statement. Justify you answer.

10- lSd.Mjh ¼ek/;fed½ Lrj ij fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdlh ,d izdj.k ds v/;kiu ds fy, eq[; f'k{k.k fcUnqvksa dh igpku dhft,] buds vuq:i mís';ksa dks O;ogkjxr :iksa esa fyf[k, rFkk buds v/;kiu gsrq f'k{k.k&vf/kxe izfØ;k dks Li"V dhft, %&

Identify the main teaching points, formulate corresponding objectives in behavioural terms and explain teaching-learning process that you will follow while teaching any One of the following topics at secondary level :­ (a) /kkjk dk pqEcdh; izHkko (Magnetic effect of Current) (b) laosx dk laj{k.k (Conservation of Momentum)

Or,

ek/;fed Lrj ij fuEufyf[kr esa ls dksbZ ,d dks i<+krs le; eq[; f'k{k.k fcUnqvksa dh igpku dhft,] buds vuq:i mís';ksa dks O;ogkjxr :iksa esa fyf[k, rFkk blds v/;kiu gsrq f'k{k.k& vf/kxe izfØ;k dks Li"V dhft, %&

Identify the main teaching points, formulate corresponding objectives and explain the teaching-learning process that you will follow while teaching One of the following topics at Secondary level :­ (a) gkbMªksdkcZu (Hydrocarbon) (b) jklk;fud lw= (Chemical Formulae)

Or,

ek/;fed Lrj ij foKku i<+kus ds fy, fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdl ,d fo"k; dks pquas rFkk blds eq[; v/;kiu fcUnqvksa dh igpku djsa] laxr mís';ksa dk fuekZ.k djsa vkSj bUgsa i<+kus ds fy, viukbZ tkus okyh v/;kiu&vf/kxe izfØ;k dks Li"V dhft, %&

Identify the main teaching points, formulate corresponding objectives and explain the teaching-learning process that you will follow while teaching any One of the following topics at secondary level :­ (a) euq"; vkSj mldk okrkoj.k ls lEcU/k (Man and his relationship with Environment) (b) dksf'kdk lajpuk (Cell Structure)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­II, Paper­VII & VIII

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

(Teaching of Mathematics)

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A dk

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

fo|ky;h ikB~;p;kZ esa xf.kr dh vko';drk vkSj egÙo dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the need and importance of Mathematics in school curriculum.

,d fo"k; ds :i esa xf.kr dh izÑfr rFkk fodkl dh ppkZ dhft, A xf.kr ds fodkl esa Hkkjrh; xf.kfrKksa ds ;ksxnku dk foLr`r o.kZu dhft, A xf.kr ikB~;p;kZ fuekZ.k ds fl)kUrksa dh foospuk dhft, A

34-

Discuss the nature and development of mathematics as a subject. Describe in detail the contribution of Indian mathematics to the development of mathematics. Discuss the principles of formulating the Mathematics curriculum.

xf.kr esa ^vkxeu* rFkk ^fuxeu* ds vFkZ Li"V dhft, A xf.kr f'k{k.k dh vkxeukRed rFkk fuxeukRed fof/k;ksa esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A mnkgj.kksa }kjk Li"V dhft, fd ;g fof/k;k¡ dSls iz;qDr gksrh gSa A

56-

Explain the meanings of 'Induction' and 'Deduction' in mathematics. Differentiate between Inductive and Deductive methods of teaching mathematics. Illustrate with examples how these methods work.

xf.kr f'k{k.k ds fofHkUu rduhdksa dh la{ksi esa O;k[;k dhft, A

Briefly explain the various techniques of teaching mathematics.

^ewY;kadu* dk D;k vFkZ gS \ xf.kr esa v/;kiu&vf/kxe izfØ;k dks mUur djus esa ewY;kadu dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft, A tgk¡ vko';d gks mnkgj.k Hkh nhft, A xf.krh; vf/kxe dk ewY;kadu djrs le; vkius izs{k.k fof/k dk iz;ksx vo'; fd;k gksxk A izs{k.k fof/k ds ek/;e ls ewY;kadu ds fy, viuk, x, xf.krh; vf/kxe ds nks igyqvksa dk mYys[k dhft, vkSj jsÇVx Ldsy dh lgk;rk ls izs{k.k fof/k ds iz;ksx ij la{ksi esa fjiksVZ fyf[k, A

7-

What is meant by 'evaluation' ? Discuss the role of evaluation in improving the teachinglearning process in mathematics. Illustrate with examples wherever needed.

8-

lSd.Mjh ¼ek/;fed½ fo|kÆFk;ksa dks i<+kus ds fy, fuEufyf[kr fo"k;ksa esa ls dksbZ ,d fo"k; pquas rFkk mlds mís';ksa dk fuekZ.k djsa rFkk vf/kxe vuqHkoksa dk p;u djsa %&

Formulate objectives and identify learning experiences to teach any One of the following topics to the secondary students :­ (a) ?kkr rFkk y?kqx.kd (Exponents and Logarithms) (b) LCM rFkk HCF (LCM and HCF) (c) o`Ùk] bldh ifjf/k rFkk {ks=Qy (Circle, its circumference and area)

While evaluating mathematical learning you must have used observation method. Mention two aspects of Mathematical learning taken for evaluation through observation method and write a short report on the use of observation method with the help of rating scale.

9-

xf.kr f'k{k.k dh ,d vPNh dk;Zuhfr dh visf{kr fo'ks"krkvksa dh foLr`r ppkZ dhft, A xf.kr f'k{k.k esa ,d vPNh dk;Zuhfr ds fodkl rFkk dk;kZUo;u esa vko';d fofHkUu inksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIif.k;k¡ fyf[k, %&

Discuss in detail the desirable characteristics of a good instructional strategy in mathematics. Explain the various steps taken in developing and implementing such a strategy.

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) f=dks.kferh; vuqikrksa dh ifjHkk"kk,¡ (Definitions of trigonometric ratios) (b) lk/kkj.k C;kt (Simple Interest) (c) f'k{k.k&lgk;d lkexzh dh Hkwfedk (Role of Teaching Aids) (d) nÙk dk;Z rFkk x`g dk;Z dk vkSfpR; (Relevance of Assignment and Home-work)

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­II, Paper­IX

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

(Computers in Education)

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

dEI;wVj vk/kkfjr vuqns'ku (CBI) rFkk ikjEifjd f'k{k.k esa D;k vUrj gS \ dEI;wVj vk/kkfjr vuqns'ku (CBI) dh fMt+kbu rFkk dk;kZUo;u ds fy, gkMZos;j rFkk lkW¶Vos;j dh vko';drkvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Differentiate between Computer Based Instruction (CBI) and conventional teaching. Discuss the hardware and software requirements for design and implementation of CBI.

2-

dEI;wVj vk/kkfjr f'k{k.k ikB~;&lkexzh ds fMt+kbu vkSj fodkl ds {ks= ds fof'k"V mís';ksa dk D;k iz;kstu gS \ fof'k"V mís';ksa d ys[ku ds fy, okafNr ckrksa dh la{ksi esa ppkZ djsa A vius mÙkj dh iqf"V mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa ls dhft, A

3456-

lh-ch-vkbZ- dkslZos;j ds p;u] :ijs[kk fuekZ.k ,oa fodkl esa ehfM;k dh Hkwfedk dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Explain the role of media in the selection, design and development of CBI courseware.

What is the purpose of specific objectives in design and development of CBI courseware ? Identify briefly the requirements in writing specific objectives. Illustrate your answer with suitable examples.

vfHkØfer vf/kxe] blds fl)karksa ,oa blds izdkjksa dk o.kZu] dkslZo;j ds fodkl ds lanHkZ esa lksnkgj.k dhft, A dhft, A mfpr mnkgj.k ls viuk mÙkj Li"V dhft, A

Describe programmed learning, its principles and types in the context of development of courseware, with examples. fodkl vuqlwph (schedule) dh izfØ;k dh ppkZ izys[ku fuekZ.k esa visf{kr fofo/k pj.kksa lfgr Discuss the process of development schedule along with various steps required in creating documentation. Illustrate your answer with suitable example.

fo|kFkhZ bUVjQsl fMt+kbu D;k gS \ fo|kFkhZ dEI;wVj bUVjQsl dk oxhZdj.k dSls fd;k tkrk gS \ ,d vPNs bUVjQsl dh mu fofHkUu fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, tks iz;ksDrkvksa dks vHkh"V gksrk gS A ifj;kstuk fu;a=.k dk egRo d;k gS \ lh-ch-vkbZ- fodkl dh ifj;kstuk esa iz;qDr fofo/k ifj;kstuk fu;a=.k dk;Zuhfr;ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A cgqek/;e ¼eYVhehfM;k½ fdls dgrs gSa \ cgqek/;e dEI;qVj ls tqM+s vU; fuos'[email protected] ;qfDr;ksa dh foospuk dhft, rFkk iz;qDr lkW¶Vos;j ds uke Hkh fyf[k, A

789-

What is student interface design ? How is student computer interface classified ? Describe also the various features of a good interface as desired by users. What is the significance of project control ? Discuss various project control strategies used in the management of CBI development project.

lwpuk izca/ku i)fr ¼,e-vkbZ-,l-½ ,oa 'kSf{kd fu;kstu esa blds egRo dh O;k[;k dhft,A ,e-vkbZ,l- eas dEI;wVjksa ds iz;ksx ds Qk;nksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Explain Management Information System (MIS) and its significance in educational planning. Discuss the advantages of the use of computers in MIS.

What is Multimedia ? Discuss other input/output devices attached to a multimedia computer and also give the name of the software used.

10- iz'u cSad D;k gS \ dEI;wVjhÑr iz'u cSadksa ds lanHkZ esa iz'u cSad ds ykHkksa ,oa gkfu;kas dh ppkZ dhft, A vkids fo"k; dh fo'ks"kKrk esa dEI;wVjhÑr iz'u cSad dh ;kstuk cukus esa fdu fofo/k eqíksa ij fopkj djuk t:jh gS \

What is a Question Bank ? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of question bank in the context of computerised question banks. What are various issued that are to be considered in planning a computerized question bank in your subject of specialisation ?

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­II, Paper­IX

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

(Educational Technology)

leku fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

^'kSf{kd izkS|ksfxdh* in dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A vius vuqHko ij vk/kkfjr izR;{k mnkgj.kksa lfgr Hkkjr ds f'k{kk {ks= esa blds iz;kstu o egÙoiw.kZ mi;ksxksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Define the term 'Educational technology'. Describe its scope and noteworthy applications in the field of education in India, giving concrete examples from your experiences.

2-

vf/kxe lalk/ku dsUæ ¼,yOEvkjOElhOE½ D;k gS \ vkn'kZ ,yOEvkjOElhOE LFkkfir djus ds fy,] vius }kjk lq>k, x, fofo/k fdLeksa ds lalk/kuksa dk o.kZu dhft, A ,sls izeq[k dkjdksa dh ppkZ dhft, ftlls Hkkjr esa eqDr ,oa nwj f'k{kk i)fr;ksa dh 'kq:vkr gqbZ A viuk mÙkj jk"Vªh; eqDr fo|ky;h f'k{kk laLFkku ¼,uOEvkbZOEvksOE,lOE½ ds mnkgj.k nsdj Li"V dhft, A ,uOEvkbZOEvksOE,lOE ds fof'k"V y{k.kksa dk Hkh lfoLrkj o.kZu dhft, A

3-

What is a Learning Resource Centre ? Describe the kinds of resources you will recommend for setting up an ideal LRC.

4-

Discuss the main factors that led to the emergence of open and distance learning systems in India citing examples of National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). Also describe in detail the distinguishing features of the NIOS.

^vf/kxe ds fy, lgHkkfxrk mikxe* dk vFkZ fy[ksa A bldh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu djsa vksj bl lgHkkfxrk mikxe ls i;kZoj.kh; lk/kuksa ds mi;ksx }kjk vf/kxe dks dSls lqxe cuk;k tk ldrk gS] O;k[;k dhft, A

5-

What is meant by 'participatory approach to learning' ? Describe its key characteristics and explain how environmental resources can be used to facilitate learning through participatory approach.

^'kSf{kd lkW¶Vos;j* dk D;k vFkZ gS \ ek/;fed Lrj ij Kku] vfHko`fÙk vkSj eu%pkfyr dkS'kyksa dks fodflr djus ds fy, 'kSf{kd lkW¶Vos;j rS;kj djus ds fl)kUrksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

6-

What is the meaning of 'educational software' ? Discuss the principles of designing educational software for developing knowledge, attitude and psychomotor skills at the secondary stage.

eqDr ,oa nwj f'k{kkÆFk;ksa ds fy, vuqns'ku ds izeq[k ek/;e ds :i esa ge eqfær ^Lo&v/;;u lkefxz;ksa* ¼,l-,y-,e-½ dk iz;ksx D;ksa djrs gSa \ vius ¼ch-,M-½ ikB~;&lkefxz;ksa ls mnkgj.k n'kkZrs gq, ,l-,y-,e- dh lajpuk ,oa izeq[k fo'ks"krkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

789-

Why do we use printed 'Self-Learning Materials' (SLMs) as the principal mode of instruction for open and distance learners ? Describe the structure and main characteristics of SLMs giving illustrations from your own (B.Ed.) course materials.

VsyhdkWUÝsaÇlx D;k gS \ JO; ,oa n`'; dkWUÝsaÇlx ds ykHk ,oa nks"kksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

What is teleconferencing ? Discuss the merits and demerits of audio and video conferencing.

vuqHkotU; vf/kxe D;k gS \ vuqHkotU; vf/kxe dh izfØ;k esa 'kkfey pj.kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What is experiential learning ? Describe the stages in the process of experiential learning. ewY;kadu ds lanHkZ fuos'k izfØ;k vkSj mRikn (CIPP) izfreku dh O;k[;k dhft, A 'kSf{kd izkS|ksfxdh

ifj;kstuk dh izHkkodkfjrk ds fy, fu.kZ;&ysus ds lanHkZ esa bl izfreku ds ?kVdksa dh foospuk dhft, A

10- 'kSf{kd izkS|ksfxdh ds izcU/ku dh vko';drk dh O;k[;k dhft, A 'kSf{kd izkS|ksfxdh ds izHkkoh izcU/ku ds fy, vki dkSu&ls pj.kksa dks viuk,¡xs] ppkZ dhft, A

Explain the need of managing educational technology. Discuss the steps you would like to take for the effective management of educational technology.

Explain Context Input Process and Product (CIPP) model of evaluation. Discuss the components of this model in the context of decision-making with regard to the effectiveness of an Educational Technology project.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Education

Part­II, Paper­IX

Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 75

(Guidance and Counselling)

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa dk mÙkj nhft, A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

funsZ'ku dh izÑfr dks Li"V dhft, A funsZ'ku ds mís'; ,oa {ks=&foLrkj dh ppkZ] mfpr mnkgj.k nsdj dhft, A

Explain the nature of guidance. Discuss the purpose and scope of guidance giving suitable examples.

234-

funsZ'ku ,oa micks/ku ds chp ds vUrj dks Li"V dhft, A micks/ku izfØ;k ds pj.kksa dh ppkZ dhft, A funsZ'ku ,oa ikB~;p;kZ ds la?kVu dh gesa D;ksa vko';drk gS \ foospuk dhft, A

Differentiate between guidance and counselling. Discuss the stages of counselling process. Why do we need to integrate Guidance and Curriculum ? Discuss.

funsZ'ku dk;ZØe esa funsZ'ku dkÆedksa ¼ilZusy½ dh D;k Hkwfedk gS \ funsZ'ku dk;ZØe esa ijke'kZnkrk rFkk v/;kidksa dh fo'ks"k Hkwfedk ij vyx ls izdk'k Mkfy, A funsZ'ku dk;ZdÙkkZvksa }kjk lkekU;r% iz;ksx esa ykbZ tkus okyh fofHkUu rduhdksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A vfHk#fp lwph ¼bUoSaVjh½ dh funsZ'ku dh ,d rduhd ds :i esa foospuk dhft, rFkk lkFk gh blds ykHkksa rFkk dfe;ksa dks Hkh crk,¡ A fo|ky; funsZ'ku dk;ZØe ds iz;kstu dh O;k[;k dhft, A fofHkUu izdkj dh funsZ'ku lsokvksa dk o.kZu dhft, rFkk mi;qDr mnkgj.k nsrs gq, crk,¡ fd ek/;fed fo|ky;h ckydksa ds fy, fdl&fdl rjg ds dk;Zdyki vk;ksftr fd, tk ldrs gSa A ^lewg funsZ'ku* D;k gS \ lewg funsZ'ku ds fØ;kdykiksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

5-

What is the role for guidance personnel in the guidance programme ? Highlight separately the specific roles of counselors and teachers in the process of guidance programme.

6-

Explain the different techniques which are generally employed by guidance workers. Discuss interest inventory as a technique of guidance giving its advantages and limitations.

78-

Explain the purpose of school guidance programme. Describe various types of guidance services and its activities for secondary school students, with suitable illustrations. What is 'group guidance' ? Describe group guidance activities.

vkuqoaf'kd fojklr] 'kS'kodkyhu vuqHko rFkk mlds ckn ds vuqHko O;kolkf;d O;ogkj dks fdl izdkj lapkfyr djrs gSa \ jks ds o`fÙk p;u fl)kUr ds lUnHkZ esa bl iz'u dh foospuk dhft, A

9-

How would genetic inheritance, early childhood experiences and subsequent experiences lead to vocational behaviour ? Discuss the question in the context of Roe's theory of career choice.

cPpksa ds O;ogkj dh leL;kvksa dh izÑfr dks Li"V dhft, A mfpr mnkgj.k nsdj O;ogkjxr leL;kvksa ds dkj.kksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

10- fodykax O;fDr ds izfr ,d lkekU; O;fDr dk lkekU; ut+fj;k D;k gksrk gS \ ,sls rhu dkjdksa dh ppkZ dhft, ftuls fodykax O;fDr dh lkekftd ,oa laosxkRed leL;kvksa dk fodkl gksrk gS A 'kkjhfjd :i ls fodykax O;fDr dh lgk;rk ds nks eq[; y{;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What is the general perception of normal person towards person with handicap ? Mention three factors that lead to the socio-emotional problems of the individual with handicap. Discuss two main goals of intervention for individuals with physical handicap.

Explain the nature of behaviour problems of children. Discuss the causes of behavioural problems giving suitable examples.

***

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­I (Library and Society) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-I

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

'kSf{kd] 'kks/k rFkk lkekftd fØ;kdykiksa dks c<+kok nsus esa iqLdky; dh Hkwfedk dh foospuk dhft,A

Discuss the role of library in promoting educational, research and societal activities.

iqLrdky; foKku ds ik¡posa lw= dks Li"V dhft, rFkk iqLrdky; ds fofHkUu fØ;kdykiksa ds lanHkZ esa blds fufgrkFkksZ dh O;k[;k dhft,A

State the fifth law of library science and explain its implication on the various activities of library.

3-

Hkkjr esa iqLrdky;ksa ds fodkl ij ;kstukvksa ,oa dk;ZØeksa ds izHkko dk ,d ewY;kadu dhft, rFkk Hkfo"; ds fy, fn'kk dh igpku dhft,A

Make an assessment of the impact of the plans and programmes on the development of libraries in India and identify direction for the future.

45-

jk"Vªh; iqLrdky; dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk blds izdkjksa dh foospuk dhft,A

Define National Library and discuss its types.

fo'ofo|ky; iqLrdky; ds mís';ksa ,oa dk;ksZa dh ppkZ djsaA fo'ofo|ky; iqLrdky; dh mu [kkl fo'ks"krkvksa dk fooj.k nsa tks mls fdls egkfo|ky; iqLrdky; ls fHkUurk iznku djrh gSA

Discuss the objectives and functions of a University Library. Describe the distinct characteristics of a University Library that distinguish it from a College Library.

678-

lkoZtfud iqLrdky; ds y{k.kksa ,oa dk;ksZ dh laf{kIr O;k[;k dhft,A

Explain briefly the characteristics and function of Public Library.

Hkkjr esa iqLrdky; vf/kfu;eksa dh vo';drk ,oa egRo ij ,d fucU/k fyf[k,A

Write an essay on need and importance of library legislations in India.

iqLrdky;ksa ds e/; izHkkoh lalk/ku lgHkfxrk ds fy, /;ku j[kus ;ksX; fofHkUu igyqvksa dh ppkZ dhft,A

Discuss the different issues to be considered for an effective resource sharing among the libraries.

9-

^^O;olk;** rFkk ^^O;kolkf;drk** 'kCnksa ds chp Hksn dhft,A ykbczsfj;uf'ki esa O;olkf;d vkpkj 'kkL= dh vo/kkj.kk dh foospuk dhft,A

Differentiate between the term 'Profession' and 'Professionalism'. Discuss the concept of ethics in librarianship.

10- vkj-vkj-vkj-,y-,Q- ds mís';ksa rFkk fØ;kdykiksa dk o.kZu dhftA

Describe the objectives and activities of RRRLF.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­I (Library and Society) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-II

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

lkekftd ifjorZu ds ifjizs{; esa iqLrdky;ksa dh foLrkjijd Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft,A

Discuss the expanding role of libraries in the context of societal change.

xzaFkky; foKku ds lw=ksa esa ls fdlh ,d lw= ij fucU/k fy[ksa

Write an essay on any one of the Laws of Library Science.

Hkkjr esa iqLrdky;ksa ds fodkl ds fy, Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk xfBr dqN eq[; lfefr;ksa dh iqLrdky;ksa ij dh x;h vuq'kalkvksa dh laf{kIr foospuk dhft,A

Briefly discuss the recommendation on libraries by some of the important committees appointed by Government of India for the development of libraries in India.

4567-

Hkkjr esa jk"Vªh; iqLrdky;ksa ds mís';kas] dk;ksZ rFkk xfrfof/k;ksa dh foospuk dhft,A

Discuss objectives, functions and activities of National Libraries in India.

Hkkjr esa fo'ofo|ky; iqLrdky;ksa ds mís';ksa ,oa laxBukRed <k¡psa dk o.kZu dhft,A

Describe objectives and organizational structure of University Libraries in India.

^^lkoZtfud iqLrdky; yksd fo'ofo|ky; gSA** bl dFku dh iqf"V dhft,A

"Punlic library is the people's university." Justify the statement.

iqLrdky; vf/kfu;e ls vki D;k le>rs gSa\ vkSj bldh D;k vko';drk gS\ blds dqN egRoiw.kZ ?kVdkas dh foospuk dhft,A

What is meant by 'Library Legislation and why is it necessary? Discuss some of its Significant components.

89-

lalk/ku lgHkkfxrk dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, ,oa blds y{; ,oa mís';ksa dh foospuk dhft,A

Define Resource Sharing and discuss its goals and objectives.

O;kolkf;d vkpkj ls fdlh O;olk; dh Nfo esa fu[kkj vkrk gSA xzaFkkyf;Ro ds lanHkZ esa bl dFku dh O;k[;k dhft,A

Professional ethics boosts up the image of a profession. Explain the statement in the context of librarianship.

10- us'kuy buQkWjes'ku flLVe QkWj lkbal ,oa VsDuksykSth ¼fulkr½ ds mís';ksa ,oa dk;ksZa dh foospuk dhft,A

Discuss the objectives and functions of National Information System for Science and Technology (NISSAT).

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­II (Library Management) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-I

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

oSKkfud izcU/ku dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk iqLrdky; izcU/ku esa bldh izklafxdrk dk foospu dhft, A

Explain the concept of scientific management and examine its relevance to library management.

23-

,d dk;Zdq'ky laxBukRed <k¡ps ds fuekZ.k esa lgk;d fl)kUrksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the principles that help in creating an efficient organizational structure.

iqLrdky; ds HkkSfrd fu;kstu ds egÙo dh foospuk dhft, A fu;kstu iwoZ /;krO; dkjdksa dk Hkh mYys[k dhft, A

4-

lwpuk lalk/kuksa dh fofHkUu Jsf.k;k¡ D;k gSa \ iqLrdky;ksa esa lkekU;r% miyC/k fofHkUu izdkj ds lanHkZ izys[kksa dk fooj.k nhft, A

What are the different categories of Information Resources ? Describe the different types of reference documents that are generally available in libraries.

Discuss the importance of physical planning of library. Also describe the factors to be considered in pre planning.

5-

iqLrdky; esa iqLrdksa dh vf/kizkfIr dh fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dk fooj.k nhft, A [kjhn }kjk iqLrd vf/kxzg.k dh fof/k dh foLr`r O;k[;k dhft, A fo'ofo|ky; esa rduhdh vuqHkkx ds fu;kstu ,oa laxBu ds egÙo dh laf{kIr ppkZ djsa A

67-

Identity different methods of procurement of books in a library. Explain in detail the method of acquisition though purchase. Briefly discuss the significance of planning and organization of Technical Section of a University Library.

ns;&vkns; iz.kkyh ds ?kVdksa dk fooj.k nhft, A 'kSf{kd iqLrdky; esa ns;&vkns; izfØ;k dh ;kstuk cukrs le; /;krO; ?kVdksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

8-

iqLrdky; ds j[k&j[kko dk;Z ds vfuok;Z i{kksa dk foospu dhft, A fofHkUu Hk.Mkj.k iz.kkfy;ksa dh la{ksi esa ppkZ dhft, A lgHkkxh izcU/ku D;k gksrk gS \ ,d lwpuk laLFkku esa ;g fdl izdkj dke djrk gS \ ,d iqLrdky; esa lgHkkxh izcU/ku ds xq.k&nks"kksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

What is participative management ? How does it work in an information organization ? Describe the merits and demerits of participate management in a library. Discuss the essential aspects of maintenance work in a library. Discuss, in brief, different stocking systems.

Describe the components of a circulation system. Discuss the factors to be considered for planning circulation process in an academic library.

9-

10- foÙkh; izcU/ku ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fo'ofo|ky; iqLrdky; ds fy, fofHkUu lzkrksa dh s ppkZ djsa A

What do you mean by Financial Management ? Discuss different sources of finance for a University Library.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­II (Library Management) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

SET-II

Time : 3 Hours.

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

1-

Qs;ksy ds izcU/ku ds fl)kUrksa dh ppkZ dhft, rFkk iqLrdky;ksa ,oa lwpuk dsUæksa ds izHkkoh izcU/ku esa budh egÙkk crkb, A laxBukRed lajpuk ls vkidk D;k rkRi;Z gS \ vkSipkfjd ,oa vukSipkfjd laxBukRed lajpuk dh dk;Z iz.kkyh dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you mean by organizational structure ? Discuss working of formal and informal organizational structure. Discuss Fayol's principles of management and indicate their significance in effective management of libraries and information centers.

2-

3-

iqLrdky; dh HkkSfrd lqfo/kkvksa ds iwoZ&vk;kstu ls lEcfU/kr fofHkUu xfrfo/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A iqLrdky; Hkou dk;ZØ[email protected] dks rS;kj djus esa fufgr lksikuksa dk mYys[k dhft, A iqLrd p;u dk eq[; mís'; gS&^^lgh le; ij lgh miHkksDrk dks lgh iqLrd iznku djuk A** bl dFku esa lfUufgr iqLrd p;u ds fl)kUrksa dks foLrkj ls le>kb, A iqLrdky; esa lkef;d izdk'kuksa ds vf/kxzg.k dh fofHkUu i)fr;ksa dh laf{kIr ppkZ dhft, A Hkkjrh; vfHkdÙkkZvksa ds ek/;e ls lkef;d izdk'kuksa ds vf/kxzg.k ds xq.k ,oa nks"kksa dh tk¡p djsa A fdlh fo'ofo|ky; iqLrdky; ds rduhdh foHkkx ds eq[; dk;Z D;k gS \ bl foHkkx dk laxBukRed pkVZ cukb, A ^^ns;&vkns; iz.kkyh** ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ Hkkjrh; iqLrdky;ksa esa izpfyr fofHkUu izdkj dh ns;&vkns; iz.kkfy;ksa dh laf{kIr O;k[;k djsa A

4-

Describe the various pre-planning activities related to physical facilities of a library. Enumerate the steps involved in preparing library building programme/proposal.

5-

The chief objective of book selection is "to provide the right book to the right reader at the right time." Elaborate the book selection principles involved in this statement. Discuss briefly different methods of procuring periodicals in a library. Examine the pros and cons of procurement through Indian agents.

6-

7-

What are the major functions of a technical section of a University Library ? Give an organizational chart for the same.

8-

Hk.Mkj lR;kiu ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ iqLrdky;ksa esa iz;qDr fofHkUu Hk.Mkj lR;kiu fof/k;ksa dh ppkZ djsa A

What do you understand by the term "Circulation System" ? Briefly explain the different types of circulation systems that are prevalent in Indian libraries.

9-

What do you understand by stock verification ? Discuss different stock verification methods followed in libraries.

iw.kZ xq.koÙkk izcU/ku ¼VhOED;wOE,eOE½ ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ iqLrdky;ksa rFkk lwpuk dsUæksa esa VhOED;wOE,eOE dh lQy fØ;kfUofr esa lfEefyr fofHkUu rÙoksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

10- ,d 'kS{kf.kd iqLrdky; ds foÙk ds fofHkUu lzksrksa dk foospu dhft, A iqLrdky;ksa ds O;; dh c`gr~ enksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Discuss the various sources of funds for an academic library. Describe the major items of expenditure of libraries.

What do you understand by Total Quality Management (TQM) ? Explain different factors involved in successful implementation of TQM in Libraries and Information Centres.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­III (Library Classification Theory) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-I

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

fuEufyf[kr vo/kkj.kkvksa dks mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa lfgr ifjHkkf"kr dhft, %&

Define the following concepts with suitable examples :­ (i) Loy{k.k ,oa vfHky{.k (Attributes and Characteristics) (ii) iafDr ,oa J`a[kyk (Array and Chain) (iii) vf/kfo"k; ,oa fo"k; (Discipline and Subject)

234-

^iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k* 'kCn ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds dk;ksZa dh ppkZ djsa A

What do you understand by the term 'Library Classification' ? Discuss its functions.

iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k ds xR;kRed fl)kUr dk ijh{k.k dhft, A

Examine the Dynamic Theory of library classification.

fo"k;&txr dh lajpuk ,oa fodkl ds v/;;u ds lanHkZ esa iqLrdky; foKku ds ik¡p lw=ksa ds fufgrkFkksZ dh ppkZ djsa A fo"k;&fuekZ.k dh fofHkUu fof/k;ksa dh ifjx.kuk dhft, A

5-

Discuss the implication of Five Laws of Library Science in relation to the study of the structure and development of Universe of Subjects. Enumerate different modes of formation of subjects.

iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k ds fy, vfHk/kkj.kkRed mikxe ds ykHkksa dh O;k[;k djsa A fo"k; txr ds foHkktu esa blds O;kogkfjd vuqiz;ksxksa dh ppkZ djsa A

6-

Explain the advantages of postulational approach to library classification. Discuss its practical applications in division of universe of subjects.

fofHkUu iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k iz.kkfy;ksa ls mfpr mnkgj.k nsrs gq, n'kk&lEcU/k dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, A iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k esa Le`fr lgk;dksa ls D;k rkRi;Z gS \ iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k dh fofHkUu iz.kkfy;ksa esa buds iz;ksx dh O;k[;k djsa A ^^M~;wbZ Msflfey DySflfQds'ku ¼MhOEMhOElhOE½ lokZf/kd izpfyr oxhZdj.k i)fr;ksa esa ls ,d gS A** bl i)fr dh fo'ks"krkvksa dh O;k[;k dj bl dFku dh iqf"V dhft, A

7-

Explain the concept of phase relation with appropriate examples from different schemes of library classification.

8-

What is meant by mnemonics in library classification ? Explain its use in different library classification schemes.

9-

"D.D.C. is one of the most popular classification schemes." Justify the statement by explaining the features of the scheme.

^^;wOEMhOElhOE esa yksp ,oa ,sls izko/kku gSa tks bls xzaFkkRed oxhZdj.k ds fy, mi;qDr cukrs gSa A** fVIi.kh djsa A

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fy[ksa %&

"U.D.C. has flexibility and provisions that makes it suitable for bibliographic classification." Comment.

Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) xgu vuqlwph (Depth Schedules) (b) iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k esa orZeku izo`fÙk;k¡ (Current trends in library classification) (c) fo[k.Mu (Fission)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­III (Library Classification Theory) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-II

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

fuEufyf[kr vo/kkj.kkvksa dks mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa lfgr ifjHkkf"kr dhft, %&

Define the following concepts with suitable examples :­ (i) txr ,oa lÙkk (Universe and Entity) (ii) iqLrdky; dh iztkfr;k¡ (Species of Classification) (iii) Js.kh] i{k ,oa ,dy (Categories, Facts and Isolates)

2-

iqLrdky; esa lwpuk izkIr djus ds fy, miHkksDrkvksa }kjk viuk, tkus okys fofHkUu mikxe D;k gSa \ lwpuk izkfIr ds fy, fo"k;&mikxe dh iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k esa Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft, A

What are the different approaches adopted by users to find information in a library ? Discuss the role of library classification in meeting the subject approach towards information.

3-

iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k ds fooj.kkRed ,oa xR;kRed fl)kUrksa ds chp vUrj Li"V dhft, A iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k ds xR;kRed fl)kUr ds fodkl esa ,lOEvkjOE jaxukFku ds ;ksxnku dk o.kZu dhft, A

Differentiate between descriptive and dynamic theories of library classification. Describe the contribution of S. R. Ranganathan towards the development of dynamic theory of library classification.

4-

iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k esa fo"k;&txr ds v/;;u ds egÙo dh ppkZ djsa rFkk fo"k; fuekZ.k dh fofHkUu jhfr;ksa dh O;k[;k djsa A

Discuss the importance of study of universe of subjects in library classification and explain the different modes of formation of subjects.

5-

iqLrdky; oxhZdj.k esa vfHk/kkj.kk vfHkxe ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ f}fcUnq oxhZdj.k iz.kkyh esa QslsV vuqØe vfHk/kkj.kkvksa dh ppkZ lksnkgj.k djsa A

What is postulational approach to library classification ? Discuss with examples the postulates of facet sequence in Colon Classification system.

678-

mnkgj.kksa lfgr fofHkUu izdkj ds n'kk ¼dyk½ lEcU/kksa dh O;k[;k djsa A

Explain the different types of phase relations with examples.

Le`fr lgk;d D;k gS \ blds fofHkUu izdkjksa dks Li"V dhft, A

What is Mnemonics ? Explain its different types.

foxr~ dqN o"kks± esa MhOEMhOElhOE ,oa ;wOEMhOElhOE iz.kkfy;ksa dh izeq[k izo`fÙk;ksa ,oa buesa gq, izeq[k fodkl ij izdk'k Mkysa A

Highlight the major trends and developments that have taken place in DDC and UDC schemes in recent years.

9-

;wOEMhOElhOE esa fo'ks"k lgkf;fd;ksa ds izko/kkuksa dh lksnkgj.k ppkZ djsa A

Discuss the provisions of special auxiliaries in UDC with examples. Write short notes on any Two of the following :­ (a) czkWM flLVe vkWQ vkWMZÇjx ¼chOE,lOEvksOE½ (Broad System of Ordering (BSO) (b) O;kogkfjd oxhZdj.k ds pj.k (Steps in Practical Classification) (c) lhOElhOE esa iqLrd la[;k (Book Number in CC)

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij laf{kIr fVIif.k;k¡ fy[ksa %&

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­IV (Library Cataloguing Theory) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-I

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A leku

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

fdlh iqLrdky; esa izlwphdj.k dk;Z esa iqLrdky; foKku ds iap lw=ksa ds fufgrkFkksZa dh ppkZ djsa A iqLrdky; izlwph ds fofHkUu HkkSfrd Lo:iksa dh ifjx.kuk djsa A iqLrdky; izlwfp;ksa ds fofHkUu vijaijkxr izdkjksa dh ppkZ djsa A

Enumerate different physical forms of library catalogue. Discuss different types of nonconventional forms of library catalogues. Discuss the implications of Five Laws of Library Science for cataloguing practice in a library.

2-

34-

jaxukFku ds DykflQkbM dSVykSx dksM esa MkVk rRo dk o.kZu dhft, A lgdkjh ,oa dsUnzhÑr ilwphdj.k ds e/; vUrj Li"V djsa A dsUnzhdj.k ds fofHkUu :iksa dh laf{kIr ppkZ djsa A

Differentiate between Cooperative and Centralized cataloguing. Discuss in brief different forms of centralization. vk:i ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ vk:i ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh foospuk dhft, rFkk ekdZ&II Describe the data elements in classified catalogue code of Ranganahan.

5-

vk:i dh lajpuk dh O;k[;k djsa A

6-

What do you understand by Formate? Discuss various types of formate and explain structure of MARC-II formate.

ys[kdRo dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k dhft, A mi;qDr mnkgj.kkas ds lkFk ys[kd izlwph rFkk uke izlwph ds chp vUrjksa dh foospuk djsa A

7-

lef"V ys[kdRo ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ lhOElhOElhOE ds vuqlkj ljdkjh izys[kksa ds izlwphdj.k ds fu;eksa dh ppkZ djsa A

Explain the concept of authorship. Discuss the differences between and author catalogue and a name catalogue, with appropriate examples.

What is corporate authorship? Discuss the rules for cataloguing government documents in CCC.

8-

veqfær ek/;eksa ds izlwphdj.k esa D;k dfBukb;k¡ vkrh gSa \ ,OE,OElhOEvkjOE 2 vkjOE ds fu;ekuqlkj buds xzaFkijd fooj.k dh lajpuk dk fooj.k nsa A

What are the major problems faced in cataloguing non-print media ? Describe the structure of their bibliographic descriptions according to AACR-2R rules.

9-

^vuqØef.kdj.k Hkk"kk* ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fofHkUu izdkj dh o.kkZuqØfed vuqØe.khdj.k Hkk"kkvksa dh ppkZ la{ksi esa djsa A

10- fFklkWjl ls D;k vFkZ gS \ blds dk;ks± ,oa izdkjksa dh ppkZ djsa A

What is a thesaurus ? Discuss its functions and types.

What do you understand by 'indexing language' ? Discuss in brief different types of alphabetical indexing languages.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­IV (Library Cataloguing Theory) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-II

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

iqLrdky; izlwph ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bldh vko';drk ,oa mís'; dh ppkZ djsa A xzaFklwfp;ksa ,oa vU; iqLrdky; vfHkys[kksa ls bldk vUrj Li"V djsa A iqLrdky; izlwph ds fofHkUu vkUrfjd Lo:ikas dh x.kuk djsa A dks'k ,oa oxhZÑr izlwph dk ,d rqyukRed v/;;u djsa A

Enumerate different inner forms of library catalogue. Make a comparative study of the Dictionary and Classified Catalogue. What is a library catalogue ? Discuss its need and purpose. Differentiate it from bibliographies and other library records.

2-

345-

eq[; lays[kksa ,oa tksM+s gq, ¼brj½ lays[kksa ds fofHkUu Hkkxksa dk o.kZu muds dk;ks± ds lkFk dhft, A

Describe the various part of main entry and added entries with their purpose.

dsUæhÑr izlwphdj.k dh ifjHkk"kk nsa A blds ykHkksa rFkk dfe;ksa dh ppkZ djsa A

Define Centralised Cataloguing. Discuss its advantages and drawbacks.

dkWeu dE;qfuds'ku QkWesZV ¼lhOElhOE,QOE½ ds ckjs esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ lhOElhOE,QOE ds foLrkj {ks= ,oa lajpuk dh foospuk dhft, A ys[kd&izlwph ds dk;ks± dk o.kZu dhft, A mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa ds lkFk ys[kd izlwph rFkk uke izlwph ds chp vUrjksa dh foospuk djsa A

What do you know about Common Communication Format (C.C.F.). Discuss the scope and structure of C.C.F.

6-

7-

lef"V ys[kdRo ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ ,OE,OElhOEvkjOE&2vkjOE rFkk lhOElhOElhOE ds vuqlkj lEesyu }kjk izLrqr izys[kksa ds izlwphdj.k ds fu;eksa dh rqyuk mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa lfgr dhft, A

What do you understand by corporate authorship ? Compare the rules for cataloguing of conference documents provided in AACR-2R and CCC with suitable examples.

Describe the functions of an author catalogue. Examine the differences between an author catalogue and a name catalogue, with appropriate examples.

8-

fofHkUu izdkj ds veqfær ek/;eksa dh ifjx.kuk dhft, A lw{e vkdkj ds izys[kksa ds izlwphdj.k ds fy, vkbZOE,lOEchOEMhOE QkWesZV dh ppkZ dhft, A

9-

Enumerate different types of non-print media. Discuss ISBD format for cataloguing of microforms.

vuqØe.khdj.k iz.kkyh ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ iwoZ&lefUor ,oa i'p&lefUor vuqØe.khdj.k iz.kkfy;ksa ds chp mfpr mnkgj.kksa lfgr varj crkb, A

10- dks'k ¼fFklkWjl½ dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, A fo"k;&'kh"kZd lwfp;ksa rFkk oxhZdj.k i)fr;ksa ls blds vUrj dh ppkZ djsa A

Define a Thesaurus and discuss its differences with subject headings lists and classification schemes.

What do you understand by an indexing system ? Highlight the differences between Precoordinate and Post-coordinate Indexing Systems with suitable examples.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­V (Bibliography and Reference Sources) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-I

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

lwpuk ds izkFkfed] f}rh;d] ,oa r`rh;d L=ksrksa ds e/; vUrj izR;sd Js.kh esa mi;qDr mnkgj.k nsrs gq, djsa A lkoZHkkSe xzaFkkRed fu;a=.k ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ jk"Vªh; Lrj ij Hkkjrh; laLFkkuksa }kjk pyk, tk jgs xzaFkkRed fØ;kdykiksa dk laf{kIr o.kZu djsa A

What do you understand by Universal Bibliographical Control ? Briefly describe bibliographical activities carried out by Indian institutions at National level. Differentiate primary, secondary and tertiary sources of information with suitable examples in each category.

2-

34-

;Fkk&oLrqfLFkfr&izfrosnu ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh foospuk mnkgj.k ds lkFk dhft, A

Discuss the various types of the state-of-the-Art Reports with examples.

fofHkUu izdkj dh funsZf'kdkvksa dh ifjx.kuk djsa rFkk bueas ls izR;sd izdkj dh vfHky{k.kkRed fo'ks"krkvksa dk fooj.k mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa lfgr nsa A Rofjr lanHkZ L=ksrksa ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ Rofjr lanHkZ L=ksrksa dh mi;ksfxrk dh foospuk dhft, A

Enumerate different types of directories and highlight the characteristic features of each type with suitable examples.

5-

6-

What do you mean by ready reference sources ? Discuss the uses of ready reference sources.

bl rF; dh iqf"V djsa fd ekud lwpuk dk izkFkfed L=ksr gS A ekudksa ij lkef;d lwpuk iznku djus okys dqN L=ksrksa dk fooj.k nsa A HkkSxksfyd lwpuk L=ksrksa ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dk ewY;kadu dhft, A

78-

Establish the fact that a standard is a primary source of information. Describe a few sources that provide current information on standards. Examine the various types of Geographical information sources.

thouhijd lwpuk lzksrksa ds foLrkj {ks= ,oa egÙo dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk thouhijd lwpuk lzkrksa s ds ewY;kadu ds ekin.Mksa dh foospuk dhft, A

9-

lwpuk ds lzksrksa ds :i esa jsQjy dsUæks dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ djsa vkSj O;k[;k djsa fd fdl izdkj ,d jsQjy dsUæ ,d iqLrdky; ls fHkUu gS A

Discuss the role of Referral Centers as sources of information and explain how a referral centre is different from a library.

Explain the scope and importance of Biographical Information Sources and discuss the criteria for evaluation of biographical information sources.

10- tu lapkj ek/;e dh ifjHkk"kk ,oa O;k[;k djsa A eqfær ek/;e dh vfHky{k.kkRed fo'ks"krk,¡ mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa lfgr crkb, A

Define and explain Mass Media. Bring out with suitable examples the characteristic features of Print Media.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­V (Bibliography and Reference Sources) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-II

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

^lanHkZ i`PNk* ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fofHkUu izdkj dh lanHkZ i`PNkvksa dh lwph cuk,¡ A ik¡p izdkj dh i`PNkvksa dk mYys[k djsa ftuds mÙkj vki 'kCndks'k ;k fo'odks'k esa <w¡<+saxs A xzaFklwph dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, rFkk blds dk;ks± ,oa mi;ksx dh ppkZ djsa A mi;qDr mnkgj.k nsrs gq, xzaFklwph ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh ifjx.kuk dhft, A

Define bibliography and discuss its functions and use. Enumerate different types of bibliographies with suitable examples. What do you mean by the term 'reference query' ? List different types of reference queries. Mention five types of queries for which you will consult a dictionary or an encyclopedia.

2-

3-

;Fkk&oLrqfLFkfr&izfrosnu ds foLrkj {ks= ,oa mís'; dh foospuk dhft, rFkk ;Fkk&oLrqfLFkfr&izfrosnu fuekZ.k esa lfEefyr izfØ;k dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the scope and purpose of state-of-the-art reports and explain the basic process involved in preparation of state-of-the-art reports.

4-

'kCndks'k dh ifjHkk"kk ,oa foLrkj {ks= dks n'kkZ;sa rFkk 'kCndks'k dks fofHkUu Jsf.k;ksa esa oxhZÑr dhft, A Rofjr lanHkZ&lzksrksa dh ifjx.kuk djsa A izR;sd Js.kh dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dk mYys[k lksnkgj.k djsa A isVs.V dh ifjHkk"kk nsa rFkk lwpuk ds lzksrksa ds :i esa muds egÙo dh O;k[;k djsa A isVs.Vksa dh lwpuk tgk¡ ls miyC/k gks ldrh gS mu lzksrksa dh laf{kIr ppkZ djsa A

5-

State the definition and scope of Dictionary and classify the Dictionary into different categories.

Enumerate ready reference sources. Highlight the salient features of each category with an example for each.

6-

7-

Define patents and explain their importance as sources of information. Discuss briefly the sources from where patents information can be obtained.

HkkSxksfyd lwpuk&lzksrksa ds egÙo dh O;k[;k djsa A HkkSxksfyd lwpuk&lzksrksa ds ewY;kadu ds ekun.Mksa dh ppkZ djsa A thou pfjr D;k gS \ fofHkUu izdkj ds thou pfjr lwpuk lzksrksa dk mYys[k dhft, A

89-

Explain the importance of geographical information sources. Discuss the criteria for evaluation of geographical information sources.

lanHkZ lzksr ds :i esa ekuo lalk/kuksa dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ djsa rFkk ekuo lqfoKrk dh dksfV;ksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Discuss the role of human resources as a reference source and describe the categories of human expertise.

What is Biography ? Enumerate different types of biographical information sources.

10- tu lapkj ek/;e D;k gS \ lwpuk ds lzksrksa ds :i esa tu lapkj ek/;eksa dh Hkwfedk dh la{ksi esa ppkZ djsa A

What is Mass Media ? Discuss briefly the role of Mass Media as sources of information.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­VI (Information Services) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-I

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1234-

lwpuk dh ifjHkk"kk nhft, rFkk vk/kqfud lekt dh lwpuk vko';drkvksa dk o.kZu dhft, A

Define Information discuss information needs of modern Society.

fofHkUu ^lwpuk mRiknu izfØ;kvksa* dh foLr`r ppkZ djsa A

Discuss the various 'Information Generation Process' in detail.

lwpuk lsokvksa ij lapkj izks|kSfxfd;ksa esa gq, u;s fodklksa ds izHkkoksa dk foospu dhft, A

Discuss the impact of recent development in the communication technology on information services.

lwpuk lsokvksa ds laHkkfor miHkksDrk dkSu gSa \ budh lwpuk vko';drkvksa dks fu/kkZfjr djus dh fofHkUu jhfr;ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Who are the potential users of Information Services ? Discuss various methods of assessing their information needs.

5-

izys[k dsUæ dks ifjHkkf"kr dhft, rFkk izys[k dsUæ ,oa iqLrdky; ds chp ds lEcU/k dh foospuk dhft, vkSj izys[k dsUæ dh xfrfof/k;ksa dh Hkh ppkZ dhft, A

Define documentation centre and discuss relationship between documentation centre and libraries also discuss activities of documentation centre

6-

foHksn dhft, (Distinguish between) :­ (i) jsQjy dsUæ ds dk;Z ,oa iqLrdky; ds dk;Z (Functions of Referral Centre and

Functions of Library) (ii) lwpuk ,oa Kku (Information and Knowledge)

78-

mi;ksDrkvksa dks lwpuk iznku djus esa fofHkUu ^lwpuk&lsok ,tsafl;ksa* dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the role of various 'Information Service Agencies', in providing information to the users.

p;fur lwpuk izlkj.k lsok (SDI) ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bl lsok dh fofHkUu voLFkkvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

What do you understand by Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) services ? Discuss different phases of this service.

9-

,d MsVkcsl ls lwpuk&[kkst esa fufgr pj.kksa dh O;k[;k djsa A

Explain the steps involved in literature search from a database.

10- dEI;wVj MsVkcslksa us lwpuk iqu%izkfIr dh izHkko'khyrk dks dSls c<+k;k gS \ foospuk dhft, A vius mÙkj ds leFkZu esa vkWuykbu MsVkcslksa ds mnkgj.k nhft, A

Discuss how the computer databases have enhanced the efficiency of information retrieval. Support your answer with examples of online databases.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­VI (Information Services) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-II

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

123-

lwpuk mi;ksDrk ds fofHkUu oxks± dk mYys[k dhft, ,oa lwpuk dh fof'k"V vko';drk dh foospuk dhft, A

State the different group of users of information and discuss the specific need for information.

mu fØ;kdykiksa dh ppkZ djsa ftuls lwpuk fu%l`r gksrh gS A

Discuss the activities which generate information.

lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ds iz;ksx ds fo'ks"k lanHkZ esa] vk/kqfud iqLrdky;ksa esa miyC/k djkbZ tkus okyh lwpuk lsokvksa ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh ppkZ djsa A

Discuss different types of information services provided in modern libraries with particular reference to use of IT.

4-

mi;ksDrkvksa dh lwpuk&vko';drkvksa ds vkdyu ds fy, fofo/k fof/k;ksa dh O;k[;k mu fof/k;ksa ds ykHkksa rFkk gkfu;ksa dk mYys[k djrs gq, djsa A

Explain various methods of assessing the information needs of the users with their advantages and disadvantages.

56-

,d izys[ku dsUæ ds fu;kstu rFkk laxBu ls lEcfU/kr pj.kksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the steps in the planning and organization of a documentation centre.

foHksn dhft, (Distinguish between) :­ (i) iqLrdky; i)fr dk oLrqfu"B igyw ,oa iqLrdky; i)fr dk fo"k;fu"B igyw

(Objective Aspects of Library System and Subjective Aspects of Library System) (ii) mi;ksDrk ,oa mi;ksDrk v/;;u (User and User Studies)

78-

izR;qÙkjkRed lsokvksa ,oa izR;kf'kr lsokvksa dk o.kZu lanHkZ dk;Z ds vkyksd esa dhft, A

Describe responsive services and anticipatory services in the light of reference work.

^p;fur lwpuk izlkj.k* ¼,lOEMhOEvkbZOE½ lsok in dh O;k[;k dhft, A ,lOEMhOEvkbZOE iz.kkyh ds ?kVdksa ,oa ,lOEMhOEvkbZOE ds dk;kZRed igyqvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Explain the term 'Selective Dissemination of Information' (SDI) Service. Discuss SDI system components and functional phases of SDI.

9-

lkfgR; [kkst lsok ls D;k vfHkizk; gS \ dEI;wVjhÑr lkfgR; [kkst ds ykHkksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

What is meant by literature search service ? Discuss the advantages of computer based literature search.

10- ^^izys[k iznku lsok** ¼MhOEMhOE,lOE½ dh fof/k;ksa dh uohu izo`fÙk;ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the recent trends in the methods of "Document Delivery Service" (DDS).

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­VII (Computer Basics and Application) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-I

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ¼vkbZ-Vh-½ dh vo/kkj.kk dh ppkZ djsa A vk/kqfud iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk fØ;kdykiksa esa blds fofo/k la?kVdksa ds izHkko dk o.kZu djsa A

Discuss the concept of Information Technology (IT). Describe the impact of its various components in the modern library and information activities.

234-

dEI;wVj D;k gs \ dEI;wVj ds Øfed fodkl dh foospuk dhft, A

What is Computer ? Discuss its evolution.

nwjlapkj dh vk/kjHkwr vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k djsa A MsVk izlkj.k ds izeq[k iSVuksZa dh ppkZ djsa A

Explain the basic concept of telecommunications. Discuss the major patterns of data transmission.

vuqiz;ksx lkW¶Vos;j D;k gS \ lwpuk iqu%izkfIr dk;ksZa ds fy, mi;ksxh fofHkUu izdkj ds lkW¶Vos;jksa dk o.kZu djsa A

What is applications software ? Describe different types of software useful for information retrieval functions.

56-

lhOE,OEvkbZOEvkjOE,lOE iqLrdky; izca/k i)fr ds fof'k"V igyqvksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the salient aspects of CAIRS Library Management System.

lh-Mh-&jkse MkVkcsl D;k gS \ buds iz;ksx ls mi;ksDrkvksa dks vkWuykbu [kkst dh lqfo/kk dSls miyC/k djkbZ tk ldrh gS \

What are CD-ROM Databases ? How can online searches be provided to the users using them ?

7-

fuEufyf[kr dk o.kZu dhft, (Describe the following ) :­ (i) lhOE,OE,lOE (CAS) (ii) vkWuykbu lkoZtfud vfHkxe izlwph ¼vksiSd½

Online Public Access catalogues (OPACs)

8-

lwpuk iquizkZfIr iz.kkyh (IRS) ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ dEI;wVjhÑr lwpuk iquizkZfIr iz.kkfy;ksa ds vk/kjHkwr vfHky{k.kksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

What is meant by Information Retrieval System (IRS) ? Discuss the basic characteristic of computer based IR systems.

9-

lalk/ku lgHkkfxrk dh vo/kkj.kk ,oa mís';ksa dh foospuk dhft, rFkk lalk/ku lgHkfxrk iqLrdky; usVodksZa dh vko';drk crkb;s A

Discuss the concept and objectives of resource sharing and describe the need of organization of resource sharing library networks.

10- bUVjusV rFkk oYMZ okbM osc ¼MCyw MCyw MCyw½ ds e/; vUrj dh O;k[;k djsa A iqLrdky;ksa esa bUVjusV rduhdh ds mi;ksx dh ppkZ djsa A

Explain the difference between Internet and World Wide Web (WWW). Discuss the use of Internet technology in libraries.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Bachelor of Library and Information Science (BLIS)

Paper­VII (Computer Basics and Application) Annual Examination, 2009 SET-II

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

lapkj (Communication) dk D;k vFkZ gS \ izfrfyfidju ,oa lw{e ys[ku esa vUrj Li"V dhft, A

What is the meaning of Communication ? Differentiate between reprography and micrography.

2-

gkMZos;j ,oa lkW¶Vos;j in ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ flLVe lkW¶Vos;j ,oa vuqiz;ksx lkW¶Vos;j esa vUrj dh O;k[;k dhft, A

What do you understand by the term Hardware and Software ? Explain the difference between system software and application software.

3-

nwjlapkj ds vUrxZr MsVk&lapkj.k ds izfr:iksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A lwpuk ds lapkj.k ds lanHkZ esa ^ÝhDosalh* ,oa ^cSaMfoM~Fk* ds fufgrkFkksZa dk fooj.k nhft, A

Explain the patterns of data transmission in telecommunication. Describe the implications of a terms 'Frequency' and 'Bandwidth' in transmission of information ?

4-

lh-Mh-,[email protected],l-vkbZ-,l- lkW¶Vos;j iSdst dh fo'ks"krkvksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A lh-Mh,[email protected],l-vkbZ-,l- ds fofHkUu laLdj.kksa dk Hkh mYys[k dhft, A

Explain the features of C.D.S./I.S.I.S. software package. Also, enumerate the different version of C.D.S/I.S.I.S.

56-

Hkkjr esa iqLrdky; lkW¶Vos;j fodkl ds bfrgkl dks js[kkafdr dhft, A

Trace the history of library software development in India.

iqLrdky; esa x`gdk;Z ls lEcfU/kr xfrfof/k;k¡ D;k gS Lopkfyr vf/kxzg.k O;oLFkk dh vk/kjHkwr fo'ks"krkvksa dh O;k[;k djsa \

What is the house keeping operation in a library ? Explain the basic feature of automated acquisition system ?

7-

,l-Mh-vkbZ- dh vo/kj.kk dh O;k[;k djsa A ,d js[kfp= dh lgk;rk ls ,l-Mh-vkbZ- ds lafØ;kRed igyqvksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Explain the concept of SDI. Describe the operational aspects of SDI with the help of diagram. fuEufyf[kr dk o.kZu dhft, (Describe the following ) :­ (i) dEI;wVj vk/kkfjr lwpuk iquizkZfIr iz.kkfy;k¡ (Computer based I.R. System) (ii) lwpuk iz.kkfy;ksa dk oxhZdj.k (Classification of Information System)

8-

9-

baf¶ycusV (INFLIBNET) ds eq[; mís';ksa dh O;k[;k djsa rFkk bu mís';ksa dh iwfrZ ds fy, blds }kjk mBk, x, dneksa dh ppkZ djsa A

Explain the main objectives of INFLIBNET and discuss the steps it has taken to realise these objectives.

10- baVjusV ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk dsUnzksa ds lanHkZ esa blds fofHkUu mi;ksxksa dh ppkZ dhft,A

What is Internet ? Discuss its various uses in the context of library and Information centers.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master in Library and Information Science(MLIS)

Paper­I (Information, Communication and Society)

Annual Examination, 2009 Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

lwpuk dh ifjHkk"kk nhft,A ppkZ dsjsa dh lwpuk dks vkt bruk egRo D;ksa fn;k tkrk gSA mu fo"k;ksa dh ppkZ djsa ftuds v/;;u dk dsUnz lwpuk gSAs

Define Information. Discuss why information is given so much importance today. Enumerate the disciplines that have information as their core area of study.

2-

Kku dh izÑfr ,oa xq.k /keZ dh O;k[;k dhft, rFkk O;fDrxr Kku ,oa loZtfud Kku eas vUrj dhft,A

Explain in nature and properties of Knowledge and distinguish between personal knowledge and public knowledge.

3-

^lapkj ds ek/;e* in ls vki D;k le>rs gSa\ var%ⓈfDrd] varjⓈfDrd rFkk lkewfgd lapkj ds e/; vUrj dh O;k[;k dhft,A

What do you understand by the term channels of communication? Explain the difference between interapersonal and group communication.

4-

lwpuk ds mRiknu ls D;k vfHkizk; gS\ dqN fo"k;ksa ls mnkgj.k ysrs gq, mRiknu dh dqN fof/k;ksa dk o.kZu dhft,A

What is meant by generation of information? Describe some of the modes by which generation takes place, taking examples from a few subjects.

5-

izys[kksa] JO; ¼vkWfM;ks½] fp=ksa rFkk ohfM;ks ds ekud fMftVy vk:iksa dh O;k[;k djsaA fMftVy izys[kksa ds oS/kkfud eqíksa dh ppkZ djsaA

Explain the standard digital formats for documents, audio, images and video. Discuss the issues concerning the legality of digital documents.

67-

lwpuk iz.kkfy;ksa ,oa lsokvksa ij lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ds izHkko ij ,d fucU/k fy[ksaA

Write an essay on the impact of IT on the information systems and services.

Kku vFkZO;oLFkk dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k djsaA Hkkjrh; vFkZO;oLFkk dh fLFkfr ds Kku vFkZO;oLFkk dh vkSj vxzlj gksus ij ppkZ djsaA

Explain the concept of knowledge economy. Discuss the state of the Indian economy moving towards a knowledge economy.

89-

lwpuk&Lora=rk vf/kfu;e] 2002 dh fo'ks"krkvksa dh ppkZ djsaA

Discuss the features of the Freedom of Information Act, 2002.

lwpuk lekt ls vki D;k le>rs gSa\ lwpuk O;olk; ij blds izHkkoksa dh foospuk dhft,A

What do you understand by Information Society? Discuss its impact on information profession.

10- Kku izca/ku dh vo/kkj.kk dh O;k[;k djsaA Kku izca/ku ds mRiknksa dh vko';drk rFkk fo'ks"krkvksa dh ppkZ djsaA

Explain the concept of Knowledge Management (KM). Discuss the need and characteristics of KM products.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) Paper­II, (Academic Library System) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

fdlh fo'ofo|ky; iqLrdky; ds dk;ksZa dk o.kZu djsa rFkk lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ds izHkko ds dkj.k muesa vk, ifjorZuksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Describe the functions of a university library and explain the ways in which they have undergone changes under the impact of IT.

2-

iqLrdkyk;ksa dh izksUufr ds fy, fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx }kjk fu;qDr fofHkUu vk;ksxksa ,oa lfefr;ksa dh vuq'kalkvksa dk ijh{k.k dhft, A ^iqLrdky; 'kklh fudk;* ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ laxzg&fodkl esa bldh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ 'kSf{kd iqLrdky; okrkoj.k ds lanHkZ esa djsa A

3-

Examine the recommendations of various commission and committees appointed by university grants commission for promotion of libraries.

4-

What do you understand by 'Library Governing Body' ? Discuss its role in collection development in the context of academic library setting.

^'kSf{kd iqLrdky; lsokvksa* ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bl izdkj dh lsokvksa dh ;kstuk cukus rFkk mudk ewY;kadu djus dk dk;Z fdl izdkj fd;k tkuk pkfg, bldh O;k[;k djsa A 'kSf{kd iqLrdky;ksa esa foÙk ds L=ksrksa dh ifjx.kuk dhft, A izHkkoh foÙkh; izcU/ku ds ekxZ n'kZdksa dh ppkZ dhft, A ^laxzg fodkl uhfr* ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds ekxZn'kZd fl)kUrksa rFkk ?kVdksa dh ppkZ foLrkj ls dhft, A iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk foKku O;olkf;dksa ds fy, fujarj f'k{kk dk;ZØe vo';d gSa A bu dk;ZØeksa dks pyk, tkus ds fofHkUu rjhdksa dh O;k[;k djrs gq, bl dFku dh ppkZ dhft, A 'kSf{kd iqLrdky;ksa esa deZpkjh vko';drk ds fo'ys"k.k dh izkfØ;k esa fufgr pj.kksa dh ppkZ djsa rFkk deZpkjh fu;qfDr ,oa p;u ds fy, viukbZ tk ldus okyh lkekU; fof/k;ksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

5-

What do you mean by 'Academic Library Services' ? Explain how to plan and evaluate such service.

6-

Enumerate the sources of financing of academic libraries. Discuss the guidelines to be followed for effective financial management.

7-

What do you understand by 'Collection Development Policy' ? Discuss in detail its guiding principles and components.

8-

Continuing Education Programmes are essential for Library and Information Science Professionals. Discuss this statement, explaining its various modes of delivery.

9-

Discuss the steps involved in the process of analyzing staff requirement for academic libraries and explain the common methods that can be adopted to select and recruit the staff required.

baf¶ycusV D;k gSa \ fo'ofo|ky; iqLrdky;ksa ds fy, blds }kjk fu;ksftr lsokvksa ds lanHkZ esa baf¶ycusV ds eq[; rkRi;ksZa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

10- ^iqLrdky; dk¡lksf'kZ;e* in dh ifjHkk"kk nsa A varjkZ"Vªh; Lrj ij bysDVªkWfud L=ksrksa ds de ls de rhu iqLrdky; dk¡lksf'kZ;k ds eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Define the term 'Library Consortium'. Discuss the salient features of atleast three library consortia for electronic resources at international level.

What is INFLIBNET ? Explain the major implications of INFLIBNET with reference to its planned services for university libraries.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master in Library and Information Science (MLIS)

Paper­III (Information Processing and Retrieval) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A 'uks

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

12-

^vuqØe.khdj.k Hkk"kk D;k gS\ blds vfHky{k.kksa dh mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa lfgr ppkZ dhft, A

What is an indexing language? Discuss its characteristics with suitable examples

;wOEMhOElhOE (UDC) dh mu fo'ks"krkvksa dh mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa lfgr foLr`r ppkZ dhft, tks mls oS'ys"kh&la'ys"k.kkRed oxhZdj.k iz.kkyh cukrh gS A

Discuss in detail with suitable examples, the features of UDC that make it an analyticosynthetic scheme of classification.

3-

vuqØe.khdj.k esa O;kidrk rFkk fof'k"Vrk dh vo/kkj.kkvksa dh ppkZ djsa A mYys[k djsa dh vuqØe.khdj.k dh xq.koÙkk dSls lqfuf'pr dh tk, \

Discuss the concepts of exhaustivity and specificity in indexing. How can the quality of indexing be ensured?

456-

vkbZOE ,lOE chOE MhOE ¼bZOE vkjOE½ dk o.kZu mnkgj.kksa lfgr djsa A

Describe ISBD (ER) with examples.

ekdZ 21 esa QhYM 856 ds mís'; rFkk varfoZ"k; dk o.kZu djsa A

Describe the purpose and content of Field 856 in MARC 21.

vUrfoZ"k; fodkl dh D;k vko';drk,¡ gSa \ vUrfoZ"k; fodkl ds lkekU; ekxZn'kZuksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What are the needs for Content Development and discuss general guidelines for Content Development.

7-

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

89-

D;k vFkZ gksrk gS (What is meant by) :­ MCyw MCyw MCyw (WWW) ,p-Vh-,e-,y- (HTML) ,l-th-,e-,y- (SGML) ,Dl ,e ,y (XML) ;wuhdksM (UNICODE) dgk¡ rd cgqHkk"kh vUrfoZ"k; ds fodkl esa lgk;d fl) gqvk gS A ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss how far UNICODE has helped in multi-lingual content development.

lwpuk Hk.Mkj.k rFkk iqu%izkfIr iz.kkfy;ksa ¼vkbZ-,l-,-vkj-½ ds izeq[k eqíksa rFkk lqlaxrk ds {ks=ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the principal issues and areas of compatibility in information storage and retrieval systems (ISAR).

10- lwpuk iquizkZfIr iz.kkfy;ksa ds dk;ksZa dh ppkZ djsa A ;s MkVkcsl eSustesaV iz.kkfy;ksa ls fdl izdkj fHkUu gSa \

Discuss the functions of information retrieval systems. How do they differ from database management systems ?

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master in Library and Information Science (MLIS)

Paper­V (Public Library System and Services`) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

lkoZtfud iqLrdky; D;k gS \ ,d lkekftd laLFkk ds :i esa fodflr gksus esa buds lgk;rk djus okys dkjd&rRoksa dh ppkZ djsaA

What is public library ? Discuss the factors which facilitate public library growth as a social institution.

2345-

Hkkjr esa fofHkUu lkoZtfud iqLrdky;ksa [email protected]/kfu;eksa dh eq[; fo'ks"krkvksa dh rqyuk djsaA

Compare the salient features of the different Public Library Bills/Act in India.

Hkkjr esa lkoZtfud iqLrdky;ksa dh foÙkh; lgk;rk fd fy;s fofHkUu mikxeksa rFkk L=ksrksa dh ppkZ djsaA

Discuss the various approaches and sources in the financing of public libraries in India.

lkoZtfud iqLrdky;ksa esa lkekU;r% ftu fofHkUu foHkkxksa ds dk;Z dh vko';drk gksrh gS mudh ppkZ djsaA

Discuss the different sections nececessary for functioning of public libaries in general.

lkoZtfud iqLrdky;ksa ds lanHkZ esa fuEufyf[kr 'kCnksa dh ifjHkk"kk nsa] izfreku] ekud] ekxZn'kZd rFkk ?kks"k.kk&i=A vkj-vkj-vkj-,y-,Q- }kjk fodflr Hkkjrh; lkoZtfud iqLrdky; ekudksa dh ppkZ djsaA

Define the terms norms, standards, guidelines and manifesto in the context of public libraries. Discuss Indian Public Library Standards developed by RRRLF.

6-

lkoZtfud iqLrdky; ds izHkkoh vfHk'kklu dh vko';drk dh ppkZ djasA jk"Vªh; iqLrdky; ds vfHk'kklu izfr:i dh foLrkj ls O;k[;k djsaA

Discuss the need for effective governance for a public library. Explain the governance pattern of National Library in detail.

7-

lkoZtfud iqLrdky; ds fu"iknu ds ewY;kadu dh egÙkk ij izdk'k Mkfy, rFkk bldh izHkkfork ij vlj Mkyus okys ?kVdksa dh O;k[;k djsaA

Highlight the importance of evaluating the performance of a public library and explain the factors that affect the effectiveness of a public library.

89-

lkoZtfud iqLrdky; dh x`g&O;oLFkk ls tqM+s dk;ksZ esa vk/kqfud izkS|ksfxdh dh Hkwfedk dh ppkZ djsaA

Discuss the role of modern technology in the housekeeping operations of a public library.

lkoZtfud iqLrdky;ksa dh lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh&vk/kkfjr lsokvksa dk o.kZu djsaA lwpuk izkS|ksfxdh ds vuqiz;ksx esa iqLrdky;ksa ds lkeus vkus okyh leL;k,¡ crkb,A

Describe the IT-based services of public libraries. State the problems faced by libraries in the application of IT.

10- fuEufyf[kr esa ls fdUgha nks ij fVIi.kh fy[ksa %&

Write notes on any Two of the following :­ (i) usifyl (NAPLIS) (ii) lkoZtfud iqLrdky;ksa dh usVofdZax (Public Library networking) (iii) leqnk; lwpuk lsok,¡ (Community information services) (iv) py iqLrdky; (Mobile libraries)

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master in Library and Information Science (MLIS)

Paper­VI (Application of Information Technology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

^MsVk lajpuk* rFkk ^Qkby lajpuk* ds e/; vk/kkjHkwr vUrj dh ppkZ djsa rFkk MsVkcsl ds HkkSfrd vfHkdYi esa buds mi;ksx dh O;k[;k dhft, A

Discuss the basic difference between 'Data Structures' and 'File Structures' and explain their use in the physical design of a database.

2-

MsVkcsl eSusteSaV flLVe ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ fMfLVªO;wVsM MsVkcsl flLVe dh lajpuk rFkk ykHkksa dh O;k[;k djsa A lwpuk iquizkZfIr rFkk MsVk iquizkZfIr ds chp Hksn djsa A izHkko'kkyh rFkk lQy [kkst ¼lpZ½ dh j.kuhfr dh ppkZ djsa A

Differentiate information retrieval from data retrieval. Discuss the strategy for effective and efficient search. What do you understand by Database Management Systems (DBMS) ? architecture and advantages of distributed database systems. Explain the

3-

4-

iqLrdky; esa dEI;wVjhÑr vf/kxzg.k mi&iz.kkyh ds ewyk/kkj rFkk ykHkksa dh ppkZ dhft, A blesa fufgr ewy izfØ;kvksa vkSj vko';d Qkbyksa dh O;k[;k dhft, A

56-

Discuss the rationale and advantages associated with a computerized acquisition subsystem in a library. Explain the basic operations involved and the files necessary for the purpose.

iqLrdky; Lopkyu lkW¶Vos;j iSdst ds ewY;kadu ds ekun.Mksa dh ppkZ djsa A

Discuss the criteria for evaluating a library automation software package.

^lrdZ djus okyh lsokvksa* ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ iqLrdky; esa vki bu lsokvksa dks fdl izdkj ls iznku djsaxsa A ppkZ dhft,A

What do you understand by 'Alerting Services' Discuss in brief how would you provide such services in a library.

7-

fMftVy lanHkZ lsok ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bZ&esy rFkk fj;y&Vkbe lanHkZ lsok ds chp varj djsa A

89-

lpZ batuksa dh dk;Ziz.kkyh dh O;k[;k djsa A fofHkUu izdkj ds lpZ batuksa dk o.kZu djsa A ^ekdZ&vi Hkk"kk* dh ifjHkk"kk nsa A ,pOEVhOE,eOE,yOE dh foLrkj ls O;k[;k djsa A

Define 'Mark-up Language'. Explain HTML in detail.

What do you understand by Digital Reference Services ? Differentiate between e-mail and real time reference service.

Explain the working of search engines. Describe different categories of search engines.

10- bUVjusV lwpuk lalk/kuksa ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ bUVjusV lalk/kuksa ds izdkjksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you understand by Internet information resources ? Discuss the types of internet resources.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master in Library and Information Science (MLIS)

Paper­VII (Preservation and Conservation of Library Materials) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

ifj{k.k rFkk laj{k.k dh vo/kkj.kkvksa dh O;k[;k djsa A iqLrdky; lkekxzh ds ifjj{k.k ds fofHkUu mik;ksa dk o.kZu djsa A

Explain the concepts of preservation and conservation. Describe various measures undertaken to preserve library materials.

23-

dkx+t ds fuekZ.k dh fofHkUu izfØ;kvksa dk foLr`r o.kZu djrs gq, dkx+t ds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh ifjx.kuk dhft, A

Describe in detail the paper making process and enumerate different types of paper.

rkM+i= ikMqfyfi ds fo"k; esa vki D;k tkurs gSa \ rkM+i= ikMqfyfi dh izkphurk ,oa fo'ks"k y{k.kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

What do you know about Palm Leaf manuscript ? Discuss the antiquity and salient characteristics of Palm Leaf manuscript.

45-

iqLrdky; lkexzh dh foÑfr ds i;kZoj.kh; dkj.kksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

Discuss the environmental causes of deterioration of library materials.

iqLrdky; esa miyC/k vizys[kh&lkefxz;ksa ds izdkjksa dk nzks.khdju dhft, rFkk vizys[kh&lekxzh ds ifjj{k.k eas /;ku j[kus ;ksX; ewyHkwr i{kksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Categories the types of non-book materials available in the library and discuss the basic consideration for the preservation of non-book materials.

67-

pqEcdh; ehfM;k D;k gS \ blds laoxksZ a ,oa xzUFkdkjkas dh foospuk dhft, A

What is magnetic media ? Discuss its categories and formats.

fofHkUu izdkj dh n`';&JO; lkefxz;ksa dk ukeksYys[k djsa ,oa bl izdkj dh lkefxz;ksa ds ifjj{k.k ds fy, eq[; vis{kkvksa dh ppkZ djsa A

Enumerate different types of audio-visual materials and discuss the basic requirements for preservation of these materials.

89-

lq{ethoksa ls D;k vfHkizk; gS \ buds }kjk gksus okyh {kfr dh ppkZ dhft, A

What are microorganism ? Discuss the damages caused by them.

detksj ,oa foÑr iqLrdksa ,oa izys[kksa ds ns[kHkky ds fof'k"V fof/k;ksa dh foospuk dhft, A

Discuss the specific methods of care of weak and damaged books and documents.

10- iqLrdky; ftYnlkth ds fy, vkoj.k lkexzh rFkk xksan ds lkekU; izdkj D;k gS \ buds lkisf{kd ykHkksa vkSj gkfu;ksa dh ppkZ dhft, A

What are the common verities of covering materials and adhesives used in used in book binding ? Discuss their relative merits and demerits.

NALANDA OPEN UNIVERSITY

Master in Library and Information Science (MLIS)

Paper­VIII (Research Methodology) Annual Examination, 2009

Full Marks : 80

fdUgha ik¡p iz'uksa ds mÙkj nsa A lHkh iz'uksa ds vad leku gSa A

Answer any Five Questions. All questions carry equal marks.

Time : 3 Hours.

1-

vk/kqfud 'kks/k dh lkekU; fo'ks"krk,¡ D;k gSa \ vk/kkjHkwr ,oa iz;qDr 'kks/k ds chp vUrj Li"V dhft, A

What are the general characteristics of modern research ? Distinguish between applied and basic research.

234-

,sfrgkfld 'kks/k D;k gS \ bldh fof/k;ksa rFkk lzksrksa dh O;k[;k djsa A

What is historical research ? Explain the methods and sources of historical research.

'kks/k ds fofHkUu izdkjksa rFkk mikxeksa dh foLrkj ls O;k[;k djsa A

Explain in detail the different types and approaches to research.

fdlh 'kks/k vuqla/kku ds ifj.kkeksa ds izLrqrhdj.k esa iz;qDr fofHkUu xzkQh; fof/k;ksa dh O;k[;k djsa A

Explain the various graphical methods used to present results of a research investigation.

5678-

dsUæh; izo`fÙk ds egÙoiw.kZ ekidksa dh O;k[;k mi;qDr mnkgj.kksa lfgr dhft, A

Explain with suitable examples the important measures of Central tendency.

iz'ukoyh fof/k D;k gS \ iz'ukoyh rS;kj djus dh i)fr dh foospuk dhft, A

What is Questionnaire method ? Discuss methodology of construction of Questionnaire.

'kks/k ds lk/ku ds :i esa lk{kkRdkj fof/k;ksa ds egÙo dk vkykspukRed ijh{k.k djsa A

Examine critically the importance of Interview Methods as a tool for research.

'kks/k dh ,d fof/k ds :i esa dsl&v/;;u dk ewY;kadu djsa A iqLrdky; ,oa lwpuk foKku ls dqN mfpr mnkgj.k nsa A

Evaluate case-study as a method of research. Give appropriate examples from library and information science.

9-

'kks/k vfHkdYiuk ls vki D;k le>rs gSa \ blds fofHkUu izdkjksa dh ppkZ djsa A

What do you understand by research design ? Discuss its different types.

10- 'kks/k ;kstuk D;k gS \ fdlh 'kks/k&izLrko dh lajpuk dk o.kZu djsa A

What is a research plan ? Describe the structure of a research proposal.

Information

MA, MSC, MCA, MCom, MLIS, BEd, BLIS Question, 2009

329 pages

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