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Thoughts on Resilience

& NERC's Severe Impact Resilience Task Force (SIRTF)

Tom Bowe Executive Director Reliability Integration PJM Interconnection 610-666-4776 [email protected]

www.pjm.com

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PJM©2009

PJM as Part of the Eastern Interconnection

Key PJM Statistics

Millions of people served

6,038 substations

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144,644 164,634 56,251 1,271 164,260 13 states + DC

peak load in megawatts MWs of generating capacity miles of transmission lines generation sources square miles of territory area served

26% of generation in Eastern Interconnection

Load = 600,000 MW Cap. = 650,021 MW

23% of load in Eastern Interconnection 19% of transmission assets in Eastern Interconnection 19% of U.S. GDP produced in PJM

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Purpose

· To initiate a discussion on why Grid Resilience is an important issue as we examine the threats faced by the electric sector.

www.pjm.com

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Agenda

· · · · ·

Initial Thoughts High-level Initiatives Resilience SIRTF ­ Severe Impact Resilience Task Force What this might mean to you and your stakeholders

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Initial Thoughts

· 1980's U.S. Army Doctrine ­ "AirLand Battle"

­ How do you fight out-numbered and out-gunned? ­ How can you control the battlefield by being more agile? ­ Plan to Fight, Because You Will Never Fight the Plan

· Deepwater Horizon Disaster

­ How do you respond to the unthinkable? ­ How do you keep minds working ­ so that the out-of the box solutions surface?

· Apollo 13 · What Keeps Me Awake - The Unknown - Unknowns

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NERC's Coordinated Action Plan

· The industry is taking the various threats seriously · Developed by the Joint Steering Group (JSG)

­ NERC technical committee leadership ­ Senior NERC staff

· Provides the organized structure to execute the work

HILF Report Proposed Actions

+

ESCC Strategic Roadmap

JSG

+

NERC and Technical Committee Leadership

=

Coordinated Action Plan

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Critical Infrastructure Strategic Coordinated Action Plan

NERC STAFF

- Crisis response plan - Government interface - Communications plan - Information-sharing

NERC Technical Committee Leadership Planning Operating Critical Infrastructure Protection

Resources and Expertise

Smart Grid Cyber Security TF

Severe-Impact Resilience TF

Electricity entities Vendors Suppliers

Spare Equipment Data TF Geomagnetic Disturbance 7 TF

Cyber Attack TF

Government partners

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Resilience

Prevention

Response ­ Resilience

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Near Perfect Information

State Estimation

Reduced State

Real-Time Data

1950's - 60's

The Bare Basics

System Frequency Key Substation Readings Seat of the Pants

Operational Measures & Contingency Tools

Phasor

Implementations

Less RealTime N-1 Operations Experience

Thermal Analysis (N-1) Analysis Day-Ahead Limits

Impacts to Operations

Phasors in the Little Change Next 5 years may permit Compliance less need for Issues state estimation

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Operate the Unload system very conservatively Transmission System Nuke Plants Available? Serve Load Locally

Y2K

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Resilience - a Definition

· The NIAC Definition of Resilience ­ Infrastructure resilience is the ability to reduce the magnitude and/or duration of disruptive events. The effectiveness of a resilient infrastructure or enterprise depends upon its ability to anticipate, absorb, adapt to, and/or rapidly recover from a potentially disruptive event

NIAC ­ National Infrastructure Advisory Council

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Resilience Definition Expanded

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SIRTF Scope Document

· . . . provide strategies and options to . . . withstand and recover from severe-impact events · . . . propose approaches, practices, and plans to reduce the impact of these events through effective emergency operations and timely restoration of the bulk power system.

· The SIRTF scope is posted at http://www.nerc.com/docs/oc/sirtf/OCPC_JSG_SRITF_Scope%20-clean.pdf

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Potential NERC Outcomes of the NERC Coordinated Action Plan

· · · · · ·

Response & Communications Protocols Contingency Plans ­ Y2K Like New Operator Training Scenarios New Drills Greater Coordination within and beyond industry Enhanced Trust of the Industry's Efforts

Response

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What does this mean to You?

· The SIRTF solutions may really be about people

­ How to you maintain training? Within your:

· Utilities · Staff ­ This is a combined fight

­ Knowledge Transfer

· If significant damage and/or prolonged period a new paradigm for Restoration/Service

­ what is critical ­ How may roles and responsibilities of government evolve

· Cohesion is a Combat Multiplier - Trust

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PJM©2009

Thoughts on Resilience

& NERC's Severe Impact Resilience Task Force (SIRTF)

Tom Bowe Executive Director Reliability Integration PJM Interconnection 610-666-4776 [email protected]

www.pjm.com

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PJM©2009

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