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BRITISH SOCIAL ATTITUDES 2009

Face to Face questionnaire Introduction .................................................................................................................................................... 2 Household grid............................................................................................................................................... 3 Newspaper readership and internet............................................................................................................ 9 Party identification....................................................................................................................................... 11 Public spending and social welfare ........................................................................................................... 12 Education....................................................................................................................................................... 21 Health............................................................................................................................................................. 30 Transport ....................................................................................................................................................... 37 Inequalities (Versions A and B).................................................................................................................. 41 Immigration (Version A) ............................................................................................................................. 46 Attitudes to Disability ................................................................................................................................. 49 Respondent's job details.............................................................................................................................. 56 Employment.................................................................................................................................................. 60 Employment Relations ............................................................................................................................ 60 Classification ................................................................................................................................................. 66 Housing ..................................................................................................................................................... 69 Religion and ethnicity.............................................................................................................................. 70 National Identity ...................................................................................................................................... 71 Education................................................................................................................................................... 72 Spouse's job details .................................................................................................................................. 76 Income and benefits ................................................................................................................................. 78 End bit............................................................................................................................................................ 80 Self Completion Version A Self Completion Version B Self Completion Version C 82 113 117

FACE-TO-FACE QUESTIONNAIRE

Introduction

Q1 ASK ALL [Serial] Serial Number Range: 210001 ... 219999 [GOR2] (NOT ON SCREEN) Government office region 2003 version North East North West Yorkshire and Humberside East Midlands West Midlands SW Eastern Inner London Outer London South East Wales Scotland [ABCVer] (NOT ON SCREEN) A, B or C? A B C [Country] (NOT ON SCREEN) England, Scotland or Wales? England Scotland Wales N=3421

Q320 % 4.4 11.5 8.7 7.5 9.0 8.9 9.6 5.6 7.1 14.0 5.0 8.8 Q332 % 33.3 33.3 33.5 Q333 % 86.2 8.8 5.0

N=3421

N=3421

N=3421

2

Household grid

Q354 ASK ALL [Househld] N=3421 Thinking now of everyone living in this household, including children: Including yourself, how many people live here regularly as members of this household? CHECK INTERVIEWER MANUAL FOR DEFINITION OF HOUSEHOLD IF NECESSARY. NOTE THAT THIS MAY BE DIFFERENT TO THE DWELLING UNIT YOU ENUMERATED FOR THE SELECTION. IF YOU DISCOVER THAT YOU WERE GIVEN THE WRONG INFORMATION FOR THE RESPONDENT SELECTION ON THE ARF: *DO NOT REDO THE ARF SELECTION PRODECURE *DO ENTER THE CORRECT INFORMATION HERE *DO USE <CTRL + M> TO MAKE A NOTE OF WHAT HAPPENED. Median: 2 people FOR EACH PERSON AT [Househld] [Name] N=3421 FOR RESPONDENT: (derived from [RespName]) FOR OTHER HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS: I would like to ask you a few details about the other (person/people) in this household. What is the name of the (other/next) person? (HH MEMBERS CAN BE ENTERED IN ANY ORDER...) Open Question (Maximum of 10 characters) [RSex] FOR RESPONDENT: (derived from [RespSex]) FOR OTHER HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS: PLEASE CODE SEX OF (name) Male Female N=3421

Q355

Q356 % 48.5 51.5 Q357

% 0.0 0.1 Q358 % 61.0 8.0 0.1 8.8 0.1 1.4 0.5 2.5 0.1

[RAge] N=3421 FOR RESPONDENT: (derived from [RespAge]) FOR OTHER HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS: What was (name)`s age last birthday? FOR 97+, CODE 97. Median: 46 Years (Don't know) (Refusal) [P2Rel3] What is (name)'s relationship to you? Partner/ spouse/ cohabitee Son/ daughter (inc step/adopted) Grandson/ daughter (inc step/adopted) Parent/ parent-in-law Grand-parent Brother/ sister (inc. in-law) Other relative Other non-relative (Don't know) (Refusal) N=3421

3

Q451

% 50.8 0.4 11.4 2.3 6.9 7.3 20.9 0.1

ASK ALL: [MarStat5] CARD A1 Can I just check, which of these applies to you at present? Please choose the first on the list that applies Married In civil partnership Living with a partner Separated (after being married) Divorced Widowed Single (never married) (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `Living with a partner' AT [MarStat5] [LegStat2] CARD A2 And what is your legal marital status? Married In civil partnership Separated (after being married) Divorced Widowed Single (never married) (Other (WRITE IN)) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [LegMarSt] (NOT ON SCREEN) legal marital status all resps dv Married In civil partnership Separated (after being married) Divorced Widowed Single (never married) (Other (WRITE IN)) (Don't know) (Refusal)

N=3421

Q454 % 2.3 1.5 23.8 1.3 70.4 0.7

N=328

Q457 % 50.8 0.6 2.5 9.7 7.4 28.9 0.1

N=3421

4

Q472Q483

% 49.5 60.1 60.3 59.4 50.9 50.1 20.3 17.7 6.5 8.8 12.2 13.9 1.5 -

CARD A3 N=3421 Can I just check which, if any, of these types of relatives do you yourself have alive at the moment. Please include adoptive and step relatives. PROBE: Which others? DO NOT INCLUDE FOSTER RELATIVES CODE ALL THAT APPLY Multicoded (Maximum of 8 codes) Father [RelFath] Mother [RelMoth] Brother [RelBroth] Sister [RelSist] Son [RelSon] Daughter [RelDaug] Grandchild (daughter's child) [RelGrChD] Grandchild (son's child) [RelGrChS] Grandfather (father's father) [RelGfFa] Grandfather (mother's father) [RelGfMo] Grandmother (father's mother) [RelGmFa] Grandmother (mother's mother) [RelGmMo] None of these [RelNone3] (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `Grandchild' IN [Relat3] [GChild16] Do you have any grandchildren aged under 16? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q497 % 23.5 4.1 0.1 -

N=3421

Q498 % 16.2 7.3 0.0 0.1

IF `Yes' AT [GChild16] [GChBothP] N=3421 Thinking of your grandchildren aged under 16, are they all living together with both their parents? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `No' AT [GChBothP] [GChWhich] N=3421 These grandchildren who are not living with both their parents, are they your son's children, your daughter's children or both? Son's children Daughter's children Both (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `Yes' AT [GChild16] [GChCare] Do you ever look after your grandchild or grandchildren? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q499 % 3.2 3.6 0.6 0.1

Q500 % 14.9 8.6 -

N=3421

5

Q501

% 6.1 2.5 1.6 1.1 0.4 0.2 0.1 1.9 0.5 0.4 0.1 -

IF `Yes' AT [GChCare] [GCareHrs] N=3421 CARD A4 About how many hours a week do you spend looking after your grandchild or grandchildren? IF RESPONDENT INDICATES AMOUNT OF TIME VARIES, ASK: IS IT USUALLY MORE THAN 10 HOURS A WEEK OR LESS THAN 10 HOURS A WEEK 0-4 hours a week 5-9 hours a week 10-19 hours a week 20-34 hours a week 35-49 hours a week 50-99 hours a week 100 or more hours a week (SPONTANEOUS: It varies, but usually under 10 hours a week) (SPONTANEOUS: It varies, but usually over 10 hours a week) (SPONTANEOUS: It is impossible to say, because I live with my grandchild or grandchildren) (Don't know) (Refusal) IF THERE ARE ONE OR MORE CHILDREN AGED 0-15 LIVING AT THE HOUSEHOLD (AT [NCh015]) [ParCare] N=3421 Do either of your parents, or your partner's parents, ever look after your children? IF ASKED, WE ARE INTERESTED IN THE RESPONDENT'S CURRENT PARTNER Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) IF 'Yes' AT [ParCare] [PCareHrs] N=3421 CARD A4 AGAIN About how many hours a week do your parents (or your partner's parents) spend looking after your child or children? IF RESPONDENT INDICATES AMOUNT OF TIME VARIES, ASK: IS IT USUALLY MORE THAN 10 HOURS A WEEK OR LESS THAN 10 HOURS A WEEK 0-4 hours a week 5-9 hours a week 10-19 hours a week 20-34 hours a week 35-49 hours a week 50-99 hours a week 100 or more hours a week (SPONTANEOUS: It varies, but usually under 10 hours a week) (SPONTANEOUS: It varies, but usually over 10 hours a week) (SPONTANEOUS: It is impossible to say, because my parent lives with my child or children} (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q502

% 14.1 12.5 -

Q503

% 7.7 2.1 1.6 0.9 0.3 0.1 0.1 1.3 0.1 0.1 -

6

Q981

% 3.7 0.2 57.5 0.3 3.4 1.2 0.8 4.1 21.5 6.7 0.4 0.2 -

ASK ALL [REconAct] (NOT ON SCREEN) N=3421 CARD A4 Which of these descriptions applied to what you were doing last week, that is the seven days ending last Sunday? PROBE: Which others? CODE ALL THAT APPLY PRIORITY CODED In full-time education (not paid for by employer, including on vacation) On government training/employment programme In paid work (or away temporarily) for at least 10 hours in week Waiting to take up paid work already accepted Unemployed and registered at a JobCentre or JobCentre Plus Unemployed, not registered, but actively looking for a job (of at least 10 hrs a week) Unemployed, wanting a job (of at least 10 hrs per week) but not actively looking for a job Permanently sick or disabled Wholly retired from work Looking after the home (Doing something else) (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL THOSE WHO ARE NOT WORKING OR WAITING TO TAKE UP WORK (I.E. `in full-time education', `on government training scheme', `unemployed', `permanently sick or disabled', `wholly retired from work', `looking after the home' OR `doing something else' AT [REconAc2]) [RLastJb2] N=1550 How long ago did you last have a paid job of at least 10 hours a week? GOVERNMENT PROGRAMMES/SCHEMES DO NOT COUNT AS `PAID JOBS'. Within past 12 months Over 1, up to 5 years ago Over 5, up to 10 years ago Over 10, up to 20 years ago Over 20 years ago Never had a paid job of 10+ hours a week (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q982 % 17.1 20.4 16.7 24.5 14.5 6.3 0.1 0.5

7

Q1265

% 0.6 0.1 64.5 0.2 1.8 0.7 0.3 2.5 19.7 8.5 0.7 0.0 0.1

ASK ALL `married', `in civil partnership' OR `living with a partner' AT [MarStat5] [SEconAct] (NOT ON SCREEN) N=1870 CARD A4 AGAIN Which of these descriptions applied to what your (wife/husband/partner) was doing last week, that is the seven days ending last Sunday? PROBE: Which others? CODE ALL THAT APPLY PRIORITY CODED In full-time education (not paid for by employer, including on vacation) On government training/employment programme In paid work (or away temporarily) for at least 10 hours in week Waiting to take up paid work already accepted Unemployed and registered at a JobCentre or JobCentre Plus Unemployed, not registered, but actively looking for a job (of at least 10 hrs a week) Unemployed, wanting a job (of at least 10 hrs per week) but not actively looking for a job Permanently sick or disabled Wholly retired from work Looking after the home (Doing something else) (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL THOSE WHOSE SPOUSE/PARTNER IS NOT WORKING OR WAITING TO TAKE UP WORK (I.E. `in full-time education', `on government training scheme', `unemployed', `permanently sick or disabled', `wholly retired from work', `looking after the home' OR `doing something else' AT [SEconAc2]) [SLastJob] N=652 How long ago did your (wife/husband/partner) last have a paid job of at least 10 hours a week? GOVERNMENT PROGRAMMES/SCHEMES DO NOT COUNT AS `PAID JOBS'. Within past 12 months Over 1, up to 5 years ago Over 5, up to 10 years ago Over 10, up to 20 years ago Over 20 years ago Never had a paid job of 10+ hours a week (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1266

% 11.6 23.0 18.5 29.2 12.9 4.4 0.5 -

8

Newspaper readership and internet

Q539 % 44.1 55.8 0.0 ASK ALL [Readpap] N=3421 Do you normally read any daily morning newspaper at least 3 times a week? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `yes' AT [Readpap] [WhPaper] N=3421 Which one do you normally read? IF MORE THAN ONE: Which one do you read most frequently? (Scottish) Express (Scottish) Mail Daily Mirror (/Scottish Mirror) Daily Star The Sun Daily Record Daily Telegraph Financial Times The Guardian The Independent The Times Morning Star Other Irish/Northern Irish/Scottish regional or local daily morning paper (WRITE IN) Other (WRITE IN) EDIT ONLY: MORE THAN ONE PAPER READ WITH EQUAL FREQUENCY (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `no' AT [ReadPap] [InterPap] N=3421 Can I just check, do you read a newspaper on the internet at least 3 times a week? EXCLUDE BBC WEBSITE. Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q540 % 2.7 8.2 4.8 1.7 12.0 1.1 3.2 0.2 2.5 0.9 2.3 0.1 4.0 0.4 0.1 0.1

Q545

% 4.8 50.4 0.2 0.5

9

Q546 % 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.2 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.7

IF `yes' AT [InterPap] [WhIntPap] N=3421 Which one? (Scottish) Express (Scottish) Mail Daily Mirror (/Scottish Mirror) Daily Star The Sun Daily Record Daily Telegraph Financial Times The Guardian The Independent The Times Morning Star EDIT ONLY: Foreign- or foreign language- news site Other Irish/Northern Irish/Scottish regional or local daily morning paper (WRITE IN) Other (WRITE IN) EDIT ONLY: MORE THAN ONE INTERNET PAPER READ WITH EQUAL FREQUENCY (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [Internet] * N=3421 Does anyone have access to the internet or World Wide Web from this address? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `Yes' AT [Internt] [BroadBnd] * Do you have a broadband connection to the internet? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q551 % 78.0 22.0 -

Q552 % 74.6 3.1 0.2 -

N=3421

Q553

ASK ALL [WWWUse]* N=3421 Do you yourself ever use the internet or World Wide Web for any reason (other than your work)? * Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) [Internet] % 78.0 22.0 [Broadband] % 74.6 3.1 0.2 [WWWUse] % 74.1 25.9 -

Q554

% 0.1 -

IF `Yes' AT [WWWUse] [WWWHrsWk] N=3421 How many hours a week on average do you spend using the Internet or World Wide Web (other than your work)? INTERVIEWER: ROUND UP TO NEAREST HOUR Median: 5 hours (Don't know) (Refusal)

10

Party identification

Q556 % 29.0 70.8 0.1 0.0 ASK ALL [SupParty] N=3421 Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a supporter of any one political party? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `no' OR DON'T KNOW AT [SupParty] [ClosePty] N=3421 Do you think of yourself as a little closer to one political party than to the others? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `yes' AT [SupParty] OR `yes', `no' OR DON'T KNOW AT [ClosePty] [PartyIDN] N=3421 IF `yes' AT [SupParty] OR AT [ClosePty]: Which one? IF `no' OR DON'T KNOW AT [ClosePty]: If there were a general election tomorrow, which political party do you think you would be most likely to support? DO NOT PROMPT Conservative Labour Liberal Democrat Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Green Party UK Independence Party (UKIP)/Veritas British National Party (BNP)/ National Front RESPECT/ Scottish Socialist Party (SSP)/ Socialist Party Other party (WRITE IN) Other answer (WRITE IN) None Refused to say (Don't know) (Refusal) IF PARTY GIVEN AT [PartyIDN] [Idstrng] N=3421 Would you call yourself very strong (party), fairly strong, or not very strong? Very strong (party) Fairly strong Not very strong (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q557 % 24.2 46.7 0.0 0.0

Q558

% 28.0 26.1 9.7 1.5 0.3 2.8 2.3 2.4 0.2 0.2 0.8 18.2 2.0 5.6 -

Q566 % 5.7 22.7 44.6 0.1 8.7

11

Public spending and social welfare

Q570 ASK ALL [Spend1] * CARD B1 Here are some items of government spending. Which of them, if any, would be your highest priority for extra spending? Please read through the whole list before deciding. ENTER ONE CODE ONLY FOR HIGHEST PRIORITY IF NOT `None of these', DON'T KNOW OR REFUSAL AT [Spend1] [Spend2] * CARD B1 AGAIN And which next? ENTER ONE CODE ONLY FOR NEXT HIGHEST * Education Defence Health Housing Public transport Roads Police and prisons Social security benefits Help for industry Overseas aid (None of these) (Don't know) (Refusal) [Spend1] % 27.1 5.5 43.0 6.1 3.1 2.1 4.8 1.4 5.1 0.7 0.7 0.3 [Spend2] % 31.6 3.9 29.8 7.9 5.3 3.9 7.3 2.3 5.5 0.9 0.5 0.1 0.3 N=3421

Q571

N=3421

Q572

% 29.4 50.8 12.5 0.1 0.6 0.4 2.4 3.8 0.1

VERSION B: ASK ALL [Dole] N=1139 Opinions differ about the level of benefits for unemployed people. Which of these two statements comes closest to your own view ...READ OUT... ...benefits for unemployed people are too low and cause hardship, or, benefits for unemployed people are too high and discourage them from finding jobs? (Neither) BOTH: UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT CAUSES HARDSHIP BUT CAN'T BE HIGHER OR THERE WOULD BE NO INCENTIVE TO WORK BOTH: UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT CAUSES HARDSHIP TO SOME, WHILE OTHERS DO WELL OUT OF IT ABOUT RIGHT/IN BETWEEN Other answer (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal)

12

Q575

% 8.1 54.6 33.9 2.5 0.9 -

[TaxSpend] N=1139 CARD B2 Suppose the government had to choose between the three options on this card. Which do you think it should choose? Reduce taxes and spend less on health, education and social benefits Keep taxes and spending on these services at the same level as now Increase taxes and spend more on health, education and social benefits (None) (Don't know) (Refusal) VERSIONS A AND B: ASK ALL [IncomGap] N=2267 Thinking of income levels generally in Britain today, would you say that the gap between those with high incomes and those with low incomes is ...READ OUT... ... too large, about right, or, too small? (Don't know) (Refusal) [SRInc] Among which group would you place yourself ...READ OUT... ... high income, middle income, or, low income? (Don't know) (Refusal) N=2267

Q576

% 78.3 16.5 2.4 2.9 0.0 Q577 % 4.0 51.6 43.9 0.4 0.1 Q578

% 34.4 44.6 15.5 5.4 0.1 0.0

[HIncDiff] N=2267 CARD B3 Which of the phrases on this card would you say comes closest to your feelings about your household's income these days? Living comfortably on present income Coping on present income Finding it difficult on present income Finding it very difficult on present income (Other answer (WRITE IN)) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [LoPWkUn] * N=3421 CARD B4 Think of a lone parent on benefits with a child under primary school age. Suppose this lone parent was asked to visit the job centre at least every six months to talk about ways in which they might find work. Which of the statements on this card comes closest to what you think should happen to their benefits if they did not go? [LoPWkSc] * N=3421 CARD B4 AGAIN And what about when the child reaches primary school age. Which of these statements comes closest to what you think should happen (if this lone parent did not visit the job centre at least every six months)?

Q581

Q584

13

* Their benefits should not be affected Their benefits should be reduced a little Their benefits should be reduced a lot Their benefits should be stopped (SPONTANEOUS CODE: Other (PLEASE WRITE IN)) (Don't know) (Refusal)

[LoPWkUn] % 33.1 37.8 10.4 16.4 1.5 0.9 0.0

[LoPWkSc] % 15.1 35.8 22.8 24.2 1.2 0.9 0.1

Q587

% 5.4 19.4 28.5 44.4 1.5 0.7 0.1

ASK ALL [CoupWk] N=3421 CARD B4 AGAIN Suppose both members of a couple with children, neither of whom are working, but who are both on benefits, were asked to visit the jobcentre at least every six months to talk about ways in which they might find work. Which of these statements comes closest to what you think should happen to their benefits if both of them did not go? Their benefits should not be affected Their benefits should be reduced a little Their benefits should be reduced a lot Their benefits should be stopped (SPONTANEOUS CODE: Other (PLEASE WRITE IN)) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [UBJcyc] N=3421 CARD B5 Think of a person receiving unemployment benefits. A job becomes available, but it is only on a short-term contract. Do you think they should ...READ OUT... ...take the job, even if they may end up back on benefits when the job finishes, OR, wait until they find a longer-term job, even if they have to stay on benefits for longer in the first place? (SPONTANEOUS: It depends) (SPONTANEOUS: Neither) (Don't know) (Refusal) [UBJskill] N=3421 CARD B6 Imagine a person who is receiving unemployment benefits and who has limited job skills or work experience. Which of these statements comes closest to your view? They should be required to look for work straight away in order to continue receiving unemployment benefits They should be offered help to improve their job skills while continuing to receive benefits before they are required to look for work (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q590

% 86.4 8.9 4.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 Q591

% 29.8 68.8 1.3 0.0

14

Q592

[GvPriU1] * N=3421 CARD B7 Some people think that government agencies would be best at helping long-term unemployed people find work, and making sure they are actively seeking work. Others think private companies would be better. Please say, for each of the following, who you think would be best at ... ...making sure services go to the people who need them most? [GvPriU2] * CARD B7 AGAIN (Who do you think would be best at ...) ...running services cost-effectively? [GvPriU3] * CARD B7 AGAIN (Who do you think would be best at ...) ...providing a good quality service? * Definitely government Probably government Probably private companies Definitely private companies (SPONTANEOUS: Neither / other answer) (SPONTANEOUS: Same / no difference) (Don't know) (Refusal) [GvPriU1] % 33.9 38.4 17.4 4.3 1.9 2.0 2.2 0.0 [GvPriU2] % 17.4 26.7 37.2 12.3 2.5 1.6 2.3 0.0 N=3421

Q593

Q594

N=3421

[GvPriU3] % 15.2 25.1 39.5 12.6 2.4 2.4 2.8 0.0

Q595

[PayHols] * N=3421 Suppose a person wants to go on holiday but hasn't got the money to pay for it. In your view ... READ OUT ... [PaySofa] * N=3421 Now think about someone else who wants to replace their sofa but hasn't got the money to pay for it. In your view ... READ OUT ... [PayOven] * N=3421 And now think about someone who wants to replace their broken cooker but hasn't got the money to pay for it. In your view ... READ OUT ... * ... should they save up the money beforehand, or, should they borrow the money and pay it back later? (Don't know) (Refusal) [PayHols] % 91.9 6.2 1.8 0.1 [PaySofa] % 75.8 21.4 2.7 0.1 [PayOven] % 16.2 82.4 1.5 _-

Q596

Q597

Q598

% 38.7 57.5 3.8 -

[MuchPov] N=3421 Some people say there is very little real poverty in Britain today. Others say there is quite a lot. Which comes closest to your view ... READ OUT ... ... that there is very little real poverty in Britain, or, that there is quite a lot? (Don't know) (Refusal)

15

Q599 % 47.7 13.9 33.9 4.5 Q600 % 56.0 11.0 29.3 3.7 Q601

[PastPov] N=3421 Over the last ten years, do you think that poverty in Britain has been increasing, decreasing or staying at about the same level? Increasing Decreasing Staying at same level (Don't know) (Refusal) [FuturPov] N=3421 And over the next ten years, do you think that poverty in Britain will ... READ OUT ... ... increase, decrease, or, stay at about the same level? (Don't know) (Refusal) [CPovMuch] N=3421 CARD B8 I am now going to ask you some questions about child poverty. Some people say there is very little child poverty in Britain today. Others say there is quite a lot. Which comes closest to your view? There is no child poverty in Britain today There is very little child poverty in Britain today There is some child poverty in Britain today There is quite a lot of child poverty in Britain today (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK IF NOT 'There is no child poverty in Britain today' AT [CPovMuch] [CPovRed] N=3337 CARD B9 How important or unimportant do you think it is to reduce child poverty? Very important Quite important Not very important Not at all important (Don't know) (Refusal) [CPovPast] N=3337 Over the last ten years, do you think that the proportion of children in poverty in Britain has been increasing, decreasing, or staying at about the same level? Increasing Decreasing Staying at about the same level (Don't know) (Refusal) [CPovFutr] N=3337 And over the next ten years, do you think that the proportion of children in poverty in Britain will ...READ OUT... ... increase, decrease, or, stay at about the same level? [SPONTANEOUS CODE: It depends] (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 2.2 16.1 43.4 35.9 2.3 -

Q602 % 82.4 16.1 0.9 0.2 0.4 0.0 Q603

% 46.1 12.0 35.3 6.6 Q604 % 50.7 14.1 28.5 2.6 4.1 0.0

16

Q605Q610

% 73.5 54.2 40.0 26.2 22.6 1.4 5.2 0.6 Q619Q634

CARD B10 N=3337 Who do you think should be responsible for reducing child poverty in Britain? CODE ALL THAT APPLY. PROBE: Which others? INTERVIEWER NOTE: 'SOCIAL SERVICES' IS CODE 2 INTERVIEWER NOTE: 'PARENTS OF CHILDREN (IN POVERTY)' IS CODE 3 Multicoded (Maximum of 6 codes) Central government (e.g. Parliament, Government [CPRGov] Departments) Local government (e.g. local council) [CPRLGov] People in poverty (including parents) [CPRPple] Friends / relatives of people in poverty [CPRFrRel] Charities [CPRChar] Other (PLEASE WRITE IN) [CPROth] All groups resposible [CPRAll] (Don't know) (Refusal) CARD B11 N=3337 Which of the reasons on this card might best explain why children are in poverty in Britain. Please read through all the options before choosing and tell me the numbers from the card? CODE ALL THAT APPLY. PROBE: Which others? Multicoded (Maximum of 16 codes) Social benefits for families with children are not [CPWSocBn] high enough They - or their parents - suffer from a long term [CPWIll] illness or disability There has been a family break-up or loss of a family [CPWBrk] member Their parents' work doesn't pay enough [CPWWkPay] Their parents suffer from alcoholism, drug abuse or [CPWDrug] other addictions Their parents have been out of work for a long time [CPWOutWk] They live in a poor quality area [CPWArea] There are too many children in the family [CPWNmKid] Their parents lack education [CPWEduc] Their parents do not work enough hours [CPWWkHrs] Their parents do not want to work [CPWWntWk] Their grandparents were also poor - i.e. it has been [CPWGpar] passed down the generations Their family suffers from discrimination, such as [CPWDisc] because of their ethnicity, age, disability Their family cannot access affordable housing [CPWHous] Because of inequalities in society [CPWIneq] Other (PLEASE WRITE IN) [CPWOth] None of these [CPWNone] (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 18.6 42.3 56.1 43.8 74.0 50.0 44.1 38.6 50.9 16.1 62.6 20.8 24.4 30.8 24.5 2.6 0.2 0.7 0.0

17

Q653

% 4.0 2.5 10.2 8.9 19.9 6.2 5.1 2.8 10.3 0.9 15.9 2.7 0.6 1.2 4.7 1.6 0.8 1.7 -

IF >1 ANSWER GIVEN AT [CPWSocBn] TO [CPWOth] [CPvWhyM] N=3167 CARD B11 AGAIN And which one do you think is the main reason (that might best explain why children are in poverty in Britain)? Social benefits for families with children are not high enough They - or their parents - suffer from a long term illness or disability There has been a family break-up or loss of a family member Their parents' work doesn't pay enough Their parents suffer from alcoholism, drug abuse or other addictions Their parents have been out of work for a long time They live in a poor quality area There are too many children in the family Their parents lack education Their parents do not work enough hours Their parents do not want to work Their grandparents were also poor - i.e. it has been passed down the generations Their family suffers from discrimination, such as because of their ethnicity, age, disability Their family cannot access affordable housing Because of inequalities in society Other (PLEASE WRITE IN) None of these (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [AgeDNow] * N=3421 Do you think there is generally more age discrimination in Britain now than there was 5 years ago, less, or about the same amount? [AgeDOldW] * N=3421 Now thinking about discrimination in the workplace. Do you think there is generally more age discrimination against older workers in Britain now than there was 5 years ago, less, or about the same amount? [AgeDYngW] * N=3421 And do you think there is generally more age discrimination against younger workers in Britain now than there was 5 years ago, less, or about the same amount? * More now Less now About the same (Don't know) (Refusal) [AgeDNow] % 27.8 25.0 42.9 4.3 [AgeDOldW] % 30.2 26.6 37.3 5.8 [AgeDYngW] % 21.6 19.7 52.3 6.4 -

Q656

Q657

Q658

Q659

IF IN PAID WORK AT [REconAc2] [Wk65Mon] * N=3421 CARD B12 How much do you agree or disagree with each of these statements ...READ OUT... ...If I needed the money, I would continue working for one or two years past age 65?

18

Q660

ASK ALL [OldWk65] * N=3421 CARD B12 (again) (How much do you agree or disagree with each of these statements ...READ OUT...) ...Older workers should have to stop work at age 65? (How much do you agree or disagree?) [OldWkFlx] * CARD B12 AGAIN ...Older workers who want allowed to work flexibly, weeks or just part of the (How much do you agree or N=3421 to continue working after age 65 should be for example, working fewer hours, shorter year? disagree?)

Q661

Q662

[OldWkChg] * N=3421 CARD B12 AGAIN ...Older workers who want to continue working with the same employer after age 65 should be allowed to change their job, for example, changing what they do or how they do it? (How much do you agree or disagree?) * Agree strongly Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Disagree strongly (Don't know) (Refusal) [Wk65Mon] % 23.7 28.1 2.1 2.4 1.1 0.0 [OldWk65] % 4.8 13.0 12.6 47.3 22.2 0.2 [OldWkFlx] % 25.9 61.2 6.5 5.0 1.2 0.2 [OldWkChg] % 10.0 51.5 19.1 17.2 1.8 0.4 -

Q663

% 65.9 24.9 1.3 7.3 0.6 -

[FlxResp] N=3421 CARD B13 Who should be mainly responsible for allowing flexible working for older workers (to enable them to continue working after the age of 65)? Employers The government Other (PLEASE WRITE IN) [SPONTANEOUS CODE: both equally responsible] (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [UBLength] N=3421 CARD B14 Think of a person who is receiving unemployment benefits, who is fit and able to work. Which of these views comes closest to yours about the way their benefits are paid? They should receive unemployment benefits for as long as it takes them to find a job OR, they should only be able to receive unemployment benefits for a limited amount of time (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q666

% 41.4 56.4 2.1 0.1

19

Q667

% 46.3 39.9 7.7 4.3 1.5 0.3 0.0

[UBCommWk] N=3421 CARD B15 Think of a different person who is receiving unemployment benefits, and who is fit and able to work. How much are you in favour or against them being required to do some work in the community. They would not be paid for this work, but they would continue to receive unemployment benefits? INTERVIEWER IF ASKED WHAT TYPE OF WORK THIS MEANS: 'Roles that offer the opportunity to carry out tasks that are similar to a normal working environment' Strongly in favour In favour Neither in favour nor against Against Strongly against (Don't know) (Refusal)

20

Education

Q671 ASK ALL [EdSpnd1c] * N=3421 CARD C1 Now some questions about education. Which of the groups on this card, if any, would be your highest priority for extra government spending on education? IF NOT `None of these', `Don't know' OR `Refusal' AT [EdSpnd1c] [EdSpnd2c] * CARD C1 AGAIN And which is your next highest priority? * Nursery or pre-school children Primary school children Secondary school children Children with special educational needs Students at universities Students in further education (None of these) (Don't know) (Refusal) [EdSpnd1c] % 10.7 23.4 29.6 21.5 8.6 4.1 1.0 1.2 -

Q672

N=3421

[EdSpnd2c] % 9.2 23.5 23.9 21.0 9.4 10.4 0.3 0.2 1.2

Q673 % 59.9 17.8 22.0 0.4 -

ASK ALL [VocVAcad] N=3421 In the long-run, which do you think gives people more opportunities and choice in life ... READ OUT ... ...having good practical skills and training, or, having good academic results? (Mixture/depends) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK HALF OF SAMPLE [QualDP22] * N=1681 CARD C2 In your view, how important is it that primary schools aim to develop the following qualities in children...READ OUT... How to live among people from different backgrounds. [QualDP23] * N=1681 CARD C2 AGAIN (In your view, how important is it that primary schools aim to develop the following qualities in children...READ OUT...) Skills and knowledge which help to get a good job. [QualDP24] * N=1681 CARD C2 AGAIN (In your view, how important is it that primary schools aim to develop the following qualities in children...READ OUT...) Gaining qualifications or certificates of achievement.

Q674

Q675

Q676

21

Q677

[QualDP25] * N=1681 CARD C2 AGAIN (In your view, how important is it that primary schools aim to develop the following qualities in children...READ OUT...) An enthusiasm to continue learning. [QualDP27] N=1681 CARD C2 AGAIN (In your view, how important is it that primary schools aim to develop the following qualities in children...READ OUT...) A lifestyle which promotes good health. [QualDP28] * N=1681 CARD C2 AGAIN (In your view, how important is it that primary schools aim to develop the following qualities in children...READ OUT...) Being a good citizen. [QualDP9] * N=1681 CARD C2 AGAIN (In your view, how important is it that primary schools aim to develop the following qualities in children...READ OUT...) An understanding of the facts about drugs and alcohol use. [QualDP10] * N=1681 CARD C2 AGAIN (In your view, how important is it that primary schools aim to develop the following qualities in children...READ OUT...) An understanding of sex and relationships. [QualDP11] * N=1681 CARD C2 AGAIN (In your view, how important is it that primary schools aim to develop the following qualities in children...READ OUT...) How to deal with personal finances. [QualDP12] * N=1681 CARD C2 AGAIN (In your view, how important is it that primary schools aim to develop the following qualities in children...READ OUT...) Social skills. * Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not at all important (Don't know) (Refusal) * Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not at all important (Don't know) (Refusal) [QualDP22] % 31.4 44.0 19.9 3.7 0.8 0.3 [QualDP27] % 35.2 53.2 10.1 1.1 0.2 0.2 [QualDP23] % 33.3 41.1 15.0 9.2 1.2 0.2 [QualDP28] % 38.7 48.7 10.3 1.7 0.3 0.4 [QualDP24] % 16.2 37.7 30.5 12.9 2.2 0.4 0.1 [QualDP9] % 40.4 37.3 13.8 6.7 1.4 0.4 [QualDP25] % 39.6 50.7 8.5 0.7 0.2 0.3 -

Q678

Q679

Q680

Q681

Q682

Q683

22

* Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not at all important (Don't know) (Refusal)

[QualDP10] % 26.4 35.2 21.9 12.2 3.8 0.4 -

[QualDP11] % 22.5 33.8 19.1 18.6 5.8 0.2 -

[QualDP12] % 30.2 51.1 16.8 1.5 0.4 0.1 -

Q684

ASK THE HALF OF SAMPLE WHO WERE NOT ASKED [QualDP22] to [QualDP12] [QualD22] * N=1740 CARD C2 The following are qualities that young people may have developed by the age of 16. In your view, how important is it that schools aim to develop such qualities...READ OUT... How to live among people from different backgrounds. [QualD23] * N=1740 CARD C2 AGAIN (The following are qualities that young people may have developed by the age of 16. In your view, how important is it that schools aim to develop such qualities...READ OUT...) Skills and knowledge which help to get a good job. [QualD24] * N=1740 CARD C2 AGAIN (The following are qualities that young people may have developed by the age of 16. In your view, how important is it that schools aim to develop such qualities...READ OUT...) Gaining qualifications or certificates of achievement. [QualD25] * N=1740 CARD C2 AGAIN (The following are qualities that young people may have developed by the age of 16. In your view, how important is it that schools aim to develop such qualities...READ OUT...) A desire to continue studies or training. [QualD27] * N=1740 CARD C2 AGAIN (The following are qualities that young people may have developed by the age of 16. In your view, how important is it that schools aim to develop such qualities...READ OUT...) A lifestyle which promotes good health. [QualD28] * N=1740 CARD C2 AGAIN (The following are qualities that young people may have developed by the age of 16. In your view, how important is it that schools aim to develop such qualities...READ OUT...) Being a good citizen. [QualD9] * N=1740 CARD C2 AGAIN (The following are qualities that young people may have developed by the age of 16. In your view, how important is it that schools aim to develop such qualities...READ OUT...) An understanding of the facts about drugs and alcohol use.

Q685

Q686

Q687

Q688

Q689

Q690

23

Q691

[QualD10] * N=1740 CARD C2 AGAIN (The following are qualities that young people may have developed by the age of 16. In your view, how important is it that schools aim to develop such qualities...READ OUT...) An understanding of sex and relationships. [QualD11] * N=1740 CARD C2 AGAIN (The following are qualities that young people may have developed by the age of 16. In your view, how important is it that schools aim to develop such qualities...READ OUT...) How to deal with personal finances. [QualD12] * N=1740 CARD C2 AGAIN (The following are qualities that young people may have developed by the age of 16. In your view, how important is it that schools aim to develop such qualities...READ OUT...) Social skills. [QualD22] % 32.4 46 16.6 3.5 1 0.5 [QualD27] % 30.5 50.4 16 2.7 0.1 0.3 [QualD10] % 38.3 43.2 14.2 3.4 0.7 0.1 [QualD23] % 48.5 45.7 5.3 0.4 0.2 48.5 [QualD28] % 39.3 48 10.7 1.2 0.3 0.5 [QualD11] % 37.4 46.6 12.8 2.6 0.4 0.2 [QualD24] % 23.7 48.5 24.6 2.5 0.4 0.3 [QualD9] % 45.4 43.2 9.8 1.3 0.3 0.1 [QualD12] % 29.9 50.5 17.4 1.5 0.3 0.4 [QualD25] % 15.2 50.5 29.9 3.6 0.3 0.4 0.1

Q692

Q693

Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not at all important (Don't know) (Refusal)

Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not at all important (Don't know) (Refusal)

Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not at all important (Don't know) (Refusal)

24

Q694

% 27.7 67.0 1.8 2.3 1.1 Q695 % 66.8 28.3 4.3 0.6 Q696 % 0.2 3.4 17.7 55.6 11.3 5.4 2.2 1.4 1.9 1.0 Q697 % 0.3 0.8 2.7 47.9 9.2 32.6 1.2 1.2 3.1 0.6 0.4 -

ASK ALL [SCHSUB] N=3421 CARD C3 Some schools arrange lessons according to subject area - for example having separate history, geography and science lessons. Some schools teach using topics that could cover more than one subject area - for example learning about food could teach the geography of where food comes from, the history of food production and the science of food preparation. Which approach to teaching do you think is the best one to use in primary schools for 8 to 11 year olds? Having separate lessons Using topics that could cover more than one subject area (SPONTANEOUS: It depends) (SPONTANEOUS: Both should be used) (Don't know) (Refusal) [stschfpt] N=3421 When children start compulsory education do you think they should initially attend full-time or part-time? Full time Part time It depends on the child (Don't know) (Refusal) [stschag] N=3421 At which age do you think children should start to attend compulsory education full-time? Under 3 3 years old 4 years old 5 years old 6 years old 7 years old Over 7 It depends on the child Whatever age it currently is (Don't know) (Refusal) [lvschag] Until what age do you think young people should have to stay in compulsory education or training? Under 14 14 years old 15 years old 16 years old 17 years old 18 years old 19 years old Over 19 It depends on the young person Whatever age it currently is (Don't know) (Refusal) N=3421

25

Q698

% 14.7 12.4 3.5 5.9 0.4 14.6 37.6 1.2 1.1 2.8 4.2 1.5 0.1 Q701

[WHNREL] N=3421 CARD C4 Some organisations provide help and advice to couples with their relationship. This could include relationship counselling, someone to speak to for advice or providing leaflets giving information about relationships. These services could be accessed faceto-face, over the telephone or via the internet. When, if ever, would be the most effective time for couples to seek help or advice with their relationship? CODE ONE ONLY At the beginning of the relationship When they start living together When they get married When they have children When their children go to school At other key stress points in life e.g. if one partner loses a job or suffers a bereavement When the relationship is in difficulty After the breakdown of the relationship Other (WRITE IN) Never / Should not seek help or advice (SPONTANEOUS: It depends/It is up to the couple) (Don't know) (Refusal) [WHOREL] N=3421 CARD C5 Apart from family and friends, who, if anyone, do you think should mainly provide couples with help and advice with their relationship? CODE ONE ONLY A Doctor / GP A therapist A counsellor Social worker or care worker A general advice service- either by telephone, e-mail or face-to-face (such as Relate) Minister/ priest/ other religious leader (WRITE IN) Another kind of professional (WRITE IN) Other (WRITE IN) None of these / Should not seek help or advice (SPONTANEOUS: It depends/It is up to the couple) (Don't know) (Refusal) [GOVRELAD] N=3421 CARD C6 Please choose the statement on this card that comes closest to your view? Government should directly provide services to help couples with their relationship. Government should fund services to help couples with their relationship but not be directly involved in providing services It is not the role of Government to provide or fund services to help couples with their relationship. (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 8.6 5.5 44.5 6.3 19.5 2.6 0.5 0.5 4.5 5.4 1.9 0.1 Q708

% 9.6 42.6 46.2 1.5 0.1

26

Q709Q714

% 33.6 57.3 62.0 42.2 2.5 0.7 0.3 -

ASK IF 'Government should directly provide services' AT [GOVRELAD] CARD C7 N=317 Which services should the government directly provide to help couples with their relationships? CODE ALL THAT APPLY. PROBE: Which others? Multicoded (Maximum of 6 codes) Published information (in leaflets and on websites) [RelGPInf] Someone to talk to for advice (either in person, by [RelGPAdv] telephone, or by e-mail) Relationship counselling [RelGPCou] An independent mediator who works with the couple to [RelGPMed] resolve issues Other (WRITE IN) [RelGPOth] None / Services should not be provided by government [RelGPNon] (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK IF 'Government should fund .. but not be directly involved' AT [GOVRELAD] CARD C7 (AGAIN) N=1442 Which services should the government fund to help couples with their relationships without being directly involved in provision? CODE ALL THAT APPLY. PROBE: Which others? Multicoded (Maximum of 6 codes) Published information (in leaflets and on websites) [RelGFInf] Someone to talk to for advice (either in person, by [RelGFAdv] telephone, or by e-mail) Relationship counselling [RelGFCou] An independent mediator who works with the couple to [RelGFMed] resolve issues Other (WRITE IN) [RelGFOth] None / Services should not be provided by government [RelGFNon] (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [RELMON] N=3421 CARD C8 Suppose there was limited money available. If the government funded services to help couples with their relationships, who, if anyone, would be your first priority to receive these services? CODE ONE ONLY Couples without children Couples with children Children of the couple None / Services should not be provided by government) (SPONTANEOUS: All of these) (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q723Q728

% 37.7 57.4 59.7 45.2 0.4 0.6 0.3 -

Q737

% 3.5 65.6 13.4 14.0 2.1 1.4 0.0

27

Q738

% 99.8 0.2

[AbPreAm] Now I would like to IF IT BECOMES CLEAR THIS SECTION, ENTER Press 1 and <Enter> (Refusal)

N=3421 ask a couple of questions about child abuse. THAT IT WOULD DISTRESS THE RESPONDENT TO COMPLETE CTRL + R HERE TO SKIP THIS SECTION. to continue.

Q739

% 4.6 17.2 18.7 40.7 16.1 2.5 0.2 Q740

IF NOT REFUSAL AT [AbPreAm] [AbTell] N=3421 CARD C9 Thinking about a 10 year old child, how easy or difficult do you think it is to tell whether a child of that age is suffering abuse or neglect? Very easy Fairly easy Neither easy nor difficult Fairly difficult Very difficult (Don't know) (Refusal) [AbConfDo] N=3421 CARD C10 Now imagine your neighbours had a 10 year old child who you were certain was being really seriously abused or neglected. How confident are you that you would know what to do? Very confident Quite confident Not very confident Not at all confident (Don't know) (Refusal) What, if anything, do you think you would do? DO NOT PROMPT CODE FROM ANSWER OPTIONS PROBE: Anything else? Multicoded (Maximum of 9 codes) Speak to the parents Speak to the child Report it to the police Report it to the social services Tell a doctor/GP Tell someone from a church/religious group Tell a teacher Report it to a children's charity, eg NSPCC, Childline Other (WRITE IN) Would not do anything Seek advice (e.g. Citizen's Advice, C.A.B., community group, friend etc) EDIT ONLY: Go to someone who knows child or family, e.g. extended family, friend, neighbour (Don't know) (Refusal) N=3421

% 31.0 39.1 23.7 5.5 0.4 0.3 Q741Q749

% 9.2 4.8 50.2 63.8 5.9 1.3 6.0 14.8 3.8 1.0 6.7 3.2 1.9 0.3

[abwspar] [abwschld] [abwpolic] [abwsocs] [abwdoc] [abwrelig] [abwteach] [abwchrty] [abwoth] [abwNone] [abwadvce] [abwothkn]

28

Q763Q765

% 21.0 65.8 26.1 2.3 53.3 15.4 11.7 51.9 16.8 0.7 0.2 1.4 0.5 0.2

CARD C11 N=3421 In addition to parents, who do you think should mainly be responsible for ensuring children live safely without suffering from abuse or neglect? Please pick up to three answers from this card. CODE UP TO THREE ANSWERS. PROBE: Which others? Multicoded (Maximum of 3 codes) The police [abrpol] The social services [abrSServ] A doctor/GP [abrDoc] A church or religious group [abrChur] Schools [AbrSch] Children's charities e.g. NSPCC, Childline [abrChar] The government [AbrGov] Extended family [AbrExFam] Neighbours [AbrNei] Other (WRITE IN) [AbrOther] (SPONTANEOUS: No one other than parents) [AbrNoone] (SPONTANEOUS: All of these) [AbrAll] (Don't know) (Refusal)

29

Health

Q783 ASK ALL [NHSSat] * N=3421 CARD D1 All in all, how satisfied or dissatisfied would you say you are with the way in which the National Health Service runs nowadays? Choose a phrase from this card. [GPSat] * N=3421 CARD D1 AGAIN From your own experience, or from what you have heard, please say how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with the way in which each of these parts of the National Health Service runs nowadays: First, local doctors or GPs? [DentSat] * N=3421 CARD D1 AGAIN (And how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the NHS as regards...) ... National Health Service dentists? [InpatSat] * N=3421 CARD D1 AGAIN (And how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the NHS as regards...) ... being in hospital as an in-patient? [OutpaSat] * N=3421 CARD D1 AGAIN (And how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the NHS as regards...) ... attending hospital as an out-patient? [AESat] * N=3421 CARD D1 AGAIN From your own experience, or from what you have heard, please say how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with ... ... Accident and Emergency departments? [NDirSat] * N=3421 CARD D1 AGAIN (And how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the NHS as regards...) ... (NHS Direct/NHS 24), the telephone or internet advice service? Q790 [diogsat] * N=3421 CARD D1 AGAIN (And how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the NHS as regards...) ...diagnostic services, for example: x-rays, scans, hearing tests or heart tests? Q791 [prdensat] * N=3421 CARD D1 AGAIN Now from your own experience, or from what you have heard, please say how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with... ...private dentists?

Q784

Q785

Q786

Q787

Q788

Q789

30

* Very satisfied Quite satisfied Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied Quite dissatisfied Very dissatisfied (Don't know) (Refusal) * Very satisfied Quite satisfied Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied Quite dissatisfied Very dissatisfied (Don't know) (Refusal) * Very satisfied Quite satisfied Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied Quite dissatisfied Very dissatisfied (Don't know) (Refusal) Q792

[NHSSat] % 15.7 48.8 16.3 13.2 5.7 0.3 [InpatSat] % 19.6 38.9 18.9 12.1 4.9 5.5 0.0 [NDirSat] % 14.3 30.0 28.4 6.5 4.8 16.0 0.0

[GPSat] % 31.5 48.0 8.3 9.0 3.1 0.2 [OutpaSat] % 18.5 48.4 15.7 10.7 3.7 2.9 0.0 [DiogSat] % 23.0 48.8 15.2 5.9 2.3 4.8 0.0

[DentSat] % 14.5 33.4 16.0 17.1 14.3 4.7 0.0 [AESat] % 19.8 39.0 16.4 14.2 6.9 3.7 0.0 [PrDenSat] % 14.0 25.2 28.0 7.9 5.6 19.3 0.0

% 8.5 24.0 35.7 22.4 9.4 Q793

[GPChange] N=3421 Suppose you wanted to change your GP and go to a different practice, how difficult or easy do you think this would be to arrange. Would it be ...READ OUT ...very difficult, fairly difficult, not very difficult, or, not at all difficult? (Don't know) (Refusal) [GPDay] * N=3421 CARD D2 Using this card please tell me how much you agree or disagree with the following statements about GPs. It is easy to arrange an appointment with an NHS GP during the working day? [GPEve] * N=3421 CARD D2 AGAIN (How much do you agree or disagree...) ...it is easy to arrange an appointment with an NHS GP in the evenings or at weekends? [GPOnly] * N=3421 CARD D2 AGAIN (How much do you agree or disagree...) ...people should only use their GP if they have a medical problem that they can't treat, either by themselves or by seeking advice from other sources, for example a pharmacist or (NHS Direct/NHS 24)?

Q794

Q795

31

* Agree strongly Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Disagree strongly (Don't know) (Refusal) Q796 % 38.5 40.7 14.3 4.8 1.6 0.1 0.0 Q797

[GPDay] % 13.2 44.2 7.9 25.6 8.5 0.6 -

[GPEve] % 2.4 17.1 16.1 38.5 21.5 4.4 -

[GPOnly] % 17.1 54.1 8.6 17.5 2.2 0.5 -

[SRHealth] N=3421 How is your health in general for someone of your age? Would you say that it is ... READ OUT ... ... very good, fairly good, fair, bad, or, very bad? (Don't know) (Refusal) [NHS5Yrs] * N=3421 CARD D3 Please say how much better or worse you think each of these things has been getting over the last five years... ... the general standard of health care on the NHS? [WtAp5Yrs] * N=3421 CARD D3 AGAIN (Please say how much better or worse you think each of these things has been getting over the last five years...) ... the time most people wait to get outpatients' appointments in NHS hospitals? [WtCo5Yrs] * N=3421 CARD D3 AGAIN (Please say how much better or worse you think each of these things has been getting over the last five years...) ... the time most people wait in outpatients' departments in NHS hospitals before a consultant sees them? [WtGP5Yrs] * N=3421 CARD D3 AGAIN (Please say how much better or worse you think each of these things has been getting over the last five years...) ... the time most people wait at their GP's surgery before a doctor sees them? [WtRf5Yrs] * N=3421 CARD D3 AGAIN Please say how much better or worse you think each of these things has been getting over the last five years... ... the time most people wait between being referred by their GP for hospital treatment and that treatment starting? [Say5Yrs] * N=3421 CARD D3 AGAIN (Please say how much better or worse you think each of these things has been getting over the last five years...) ... how much say NHS patients have in decisions about their treatment and healthcare?

Q798

Q799

Q800

Q801

Q802

32

* Much better Better About the same Worse Much worse (Don't know) (Refusal) * Much better Better About the same Worse Much worse (Don't know) (Refusal) Q803

[NHS5Yrs] % 6.1 34.3 39.4 16.2 2.3 1.8 [WtGP5Yrs] % 7.4 31.4 44.1 12.9 2.0 2.3 -

[WtAp5Yrs] % 6.0 30.7 31.8 20.8 4.6 6.0 [WtRf5Yrs] % 5.3 30.3 35.3 17.1 4.2 7.8 -

[WtCo5Yrs] % 3.7 22.8 40.8 20.9 4.7 7.1 [Say5Yrs] % 4.5 33.2 43.4 9.1 1.7 8.1 -

% 1.0 Q804

[AEApt] N=3421 Suppose you had an accident and were worried that you might have broken your wrist and went to an accident and emergency department for treatment. How long do you think it would be reasonable to have to wait to be seen by a doctor about a problem like this? Please give me your answer in hours. IF RESPONDENT SAYS 'Should be seen straight away' CODE 0 HOURS CODE 30 MINUTES AS 0.5 HOURS, 90 MINUTES AS 1.5 HOURS ETC ROUND UP TO THE NEAREST HALF HOUR INTERVIEWER: ENTER THE NUMBER OF HOURS Median: 1 Hour (Don't know) (Refusal) [HipAptRC] N=3421 Now suppose you were told by your GP that you needed a hip replacement as you were unable to walk unaided and the hip was causing you pain. How long do you think it would be reasonable to wait from the time your GP referred you to hospital before having an operation to replace your hip? Please give me your answer in days, weeks, or months. Median: 30 days [PrvHspCh] N=3421 CARD D4 Imagine a patient was due to have hospital treatment and that this treatment was being paid for by the NHS. Which of the statements on this card best describes the choice this patient would have over where to have their treatment? Patients do not have any choice of hospital Patients can choose between different NHS hospitals only Patients can choose between both NHS and private hospitals (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q808

% 24.0 48.7 24.6 2.6 0.0

33

Q809

% 19.9 34.6 44.6 0.8 Q810

[PrvHspPr] N=3421 Still thinking about treatment funded by the NHS. If you could choose where to receive such treatment, would you prefer to receive treatment in... READ OUT... ...an NHS hospital, a private hospital, or, would you not have a preference? (Don't know) (Refusal) [DentWhn] N=3421 CARD D5 People can choose to visit either NHS or private dentists. The following questions are about NHS dentists only. When did you last see an NHS dentist for a check-up or treatment? INTERVIEWER: IF RESPONDENT'S DENTIST WAS NHS BUT HAS NOW SWITCHED TO PRIVATE, ASK ABOUT THE LAST TIME THE RESPONDENT SAW THE DENTIST AS AN NHS PATIENT. Within the last six months Within the last 12 months Within the last two years Within the last five years Longer ago than five years Never (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK IF NOT SEEN A NHS DENTIST WITHIN 2 YEARS (4,5 or 6 AT [DentWhn]) [DentSee] N=1324 Have you tried to see an NHS dentist within the last two years? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) CARD D6 N=1324 What are your reasons for not having seen an NHS dentist in the last two years? PROMPT: 'What else?' Multicoded (Maximum of 10 codes) No need [DWhNNeed] Scared of the dentist [DWhNScrd] Not enough time [DWhNTime] Haven't got round to it [DWhNRnd] Too expensive [DWhNExp] Surgery not open at convenient times [DWhNOpen] Not able to find an available NHS dentist [DWhNFind] My NHS dentist went private [DWhNPriv] I choose to go to a private dentist [DWhNChos] Other reason (WRITE IN) [DWhNOth] (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 41.9 11.9 7.6 7.9 24.8 5.4 0.5 0.0

Q811 % 11.2 88.8 Q812Q821

% 24.6 9.7 2.6 7.4 7.8 0.8 25.3 23.3 19.9 6.4 -

34

Q834

% 9.2 25.2 36.9 24.7 4.1 Q835

ASK ALL [DentReg] N=3421 CARD D7 Suppose you wanted to register with (an/a different) NHS dentist. Do you think that this would be possible at the moment, or not? Yes, definitely Yes, probably No, probably not No, definitely not (Don't know) (Refusal) [DentWait] N=3421 CARD D8 (Suppose you wanted to register with (an/a different) NHS dentist.) In general, how long do you think you would have to wait before being taken on as a patient by an NHS dentist in your area? No wait Up to a month Up to three months Up to six months Up to a year Longer than a year (Don't know) (Refusal) [DentInfo] N=3421 CARD D9 How easy or difficult do you think it would be to find out information about NHS dentists in your area? Very easy Quite easy Quite difficult Very difficult (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK IF HAS SEEN A NHS DENTIST WITHIN 2 YEARS (1,2 OR 3 AT [DentWhn]) [DenCstW] N=2081 CARD D10 Now think back to the last time you visited an NHS dentist for a checkup or treatment. When did you find out how much this would cost? CODE ONE ONLY Before the visit took place During the visit but before treatment took place After treatment took place Do not pay for dental treatment (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 13.1 17.3 14.0 13.4 12.4 18.1 11.7 Q836

% 19.8 48.8 20.5 7.0 3.9 -

Q837

% 13.7 29.5 40.2 16.0 0.6 -

35

Q838

% 5.6 11.1 16.9 8.5 0.4 0.4 0.2 -

IF 'Before' or 'During' AT [DentCstW] [DenCstH] N=2081 CARD D11 How did you find out what the cost of any check-up or treatment would be? CODE ONE ONLY Have had treatment/check-up before I asked to be told the cost Dentist/surgery told me without having to ask Price list displayed in surgery Other way (WRITE IN) (SPONTANEOUS:Do not pay for treatment) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK IF HAS SEEN A NHS DENTIST WITHIN 2 YEARS (1,2 OR 3 AT [DentWhn]) [DenHOft] N=2081 CARD D12 How often does your NHS dentist generally recommend people should visit the dentist for a check-up? Every three months Every six months Every 12 months Every two years Other (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q841

% 4.2 76.7 14.0 0.6 2.9 1.6 -

36

Transport

Q847 ASK ALL [TRFPB6U] * N=3421 CARD E1 Now thinking about traffic and transport problems, how serious a problem for you is congestion on motorways? [TRFPB9U] * CARD E1 AGAIN (And how serious a problem for you is ...) traffic congestion in towns and cities? [TrfPb10u] * CARD E1 AGAIN (And how serious a problem for you are ...) exhaust fumes from traffic in towns and cities? * A very serious problem A serious problem Not a very serious problem Not a problem at all (Don't know) (Refusal) Q850 [TRFPB6U] % 9.2 20.4 41.3 28.8 0.4 [TRFPB9U] % 13.6 36.4 36.3 13.5 0.2 N=3421

Q848

Q849

N=3421

[TrfPb10u] % 16.5 40.5 32.10 10.4 0.4 -

[TrfConc1] * N=3421 CARD E2 Transport like cars, buses, trains and planes can affect the environment in a number of ways. How concerned are you about damage to the countryside from building roads? [TrfConc2] * N=3421 CARD E2 AGAIN And how concerned are you about the effect of transport on climate change? [TrfConc3] * CARD E2 AGAIN And how concerned are you about exhaust fumes from traffic? * Very concerned Fairly concerned Not very concerned Not at all concerned (Don't know) (Refusal) [TrfConc1] % 20.9 48.9 25.0 5.1 0.3 [TrfConc2] % 27.1 47.6 19.7 5.0 0.5 0.0 N=3421

Q851

Q852

[TrfConc3] % 28.8 47.3 19.6 4.1 0.3 -

Q853 % 70.7 29.1 0.1

[DRIVE] N=3421 May I just check, do you yourself drive a car at all these days? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

37

Q854 % 27.7 17.2 15.7 16.3 22.5 0.5 -

IF `Yes' AT [DRIVE] [DRIVMIL] N=2412 CARD E3 How many miles have you personally driven in the last 12 months? 3,000 miles or less 3,001 to 5,000 miles 5,001 to 7,000 miles 7,001 to 10,000 miles 10,001 miles or more (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [CarNum] N=3421 How many, if any, cars or vans does your household own or have the regular use of? Median: 1 car or van (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `Yes' AT [DRIVE] AND ONE OR MORE AT [CarNum] [MainDri] N=3421 Are you the main driver of (this/either of these/any of these) vehicle(s)? By main driver we mean the person who does the most mileage in the vehicle over a year. Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [Bikeown] N=3421 Do you own, or have access to, a bicycle that is in good enough condition for riding? INTERVIEWER: code yes even if respondent says they have one but that they wouldn't use it Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `Yes' AT [DRIVE] [TRAVEL1] * CARD E4 How often nowadays do you usually travel ...by car as a driver?

Q855

% 0.1 0.2

Q856

% 60.3 9.9 0.0 0.2

Q857

% 42.4 57.5 0.1

Q858

N=3421

Q859

ASK ALL [TRAVEL2] * N=3421 CARD E4 (AGAIN) (How often nowadays do you usually)...travel by car as a passenger? [TRAVEL3] * CARD E4 AGAIN (How often nowadays do you usually) ...travel by local bus? N=3421

Q860

Q861

[TRAVEL4a] * N=3421 CARD E4 AGAIN (How often nowadays do you usually) ...travel by train (not including underground, tram or light rail)?

38

* Every day or nearly every day 2-5 days a week Once a week Less often but at least once a month Less often than that Never nowadays (Don't know) (Refusal) Q862

[TRAVEL1] % 43.3 20.2 4.8 1.4 0.7 0.3 0.1

[TRAVEL2] % 7.3 23.8 26.7 15.9 12.8 13.6 -

[TRAVEL3] % 8.5 12.9 8.3 10.9 14.5 44.9 -

[TRAVEL4a] % 2.2 3.3 3.6 14.6 35.9 40.5 -

% 0.0 0.2 Q863

[AirTrvl] N=3421 And how many trips did you make by plane during the last 12 months? Please count the outward and return flight and any transfers as one trip. INTERVIEWER WRITE IN ANSWER ACCEPT BEST ESTIMATE IF NECESSARY CODE 'NONE' AS 0 Median: 1 trip (Don't know) (Refusal) [CliCar] * N=3421 CARD E5 Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with each of these statements: The current level of car use has a serious effect on climate change. [CliPlane] * N=3421 CARD E5 AGAIN (Please tell me how much you agree or disagree with this statement) The current level of air travel has a serious effect on climate change. * Agree strongly Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Disagree strongly (Don't know) (Refusal) [CliCar] % 20.9 52.4 16.3 7.7 1.6 1.2 [CliPlane] % 22.2 49.3 18.7 6.6 1.5 1.8 -

Q864

Q865

IF `Yes' AT [DRIVE] [EnvWalk2] * N=2412 CARD E6 Compared with two or three years ago, do you nowadays do any of these things more often than you used to, for the sake of the environment... ...Walking rather than driving to local shops and services? [EnvPCar2] * N=2412 CARD E6 AGAIN (Compared with two or three years ago, do you nowadays do any of these things more often than you used to, for the sake of the environment...) ...Using public transport instead of a car?

Q866

39

Q867

[EnvSped2] * N=2412 CARD E6 AGAIN (Compared with two or three years ago, do you nowadays do any of these things more often than you used to, for the sake of the environment...) ...Cutting down your driving speed to save petrol? [EnvOutS2] * N=2412 CARD E6 AGAIN And compared with two or three years ago, do you nowadays do any of these things more often than you used to, for the sake of the environment... ...Making fewer trips to out of town shopping centres to save petrol? [EnvLift2] * N=2412 CARD E6 AGAIN (Compared with two or three years ago, do you nowadays do any of these things more often than you used to, for the sake of the environment...) ...Giving people lifts, or taking lifts, to cut down on using cars? [EnvPOut2] * N=2412 CARD E6 AGAIN (Compared with two or three years ago, do you nowadays do any of these things more often than you used to, for the sake of the environment...) ...Parking your car on the outskirts of town and using public transport to go to the centre? * No A bit more often nowadays A lot more often nowadays (Don't know) (Refusal) * No A bit more often nowadays A lot more often nowadays (Don't know) (Refusal) [EnvWalk2] % 51.5 34.6 13.9 0.1 [EnvOutS2] % 59.3 28.1 12.2 0.3 0.0 [EnvPCar2] % 75.6 18.6 5.7 0.0 [EnvLift2] % 55.3 33.8 10.9 0.1 [EnvSped2] % 46.3 35.2 18.4 0.2 [EnvPOut2] % 77.3 16.8 5.6 0.2 -

Q868

Q869

Q870

40

Inequalities (Versions A and B)

Q873 VERSIONS A AND B: ASK ALL [SelfFrst] N=2267 CARD F1 Some people think it is important to put yourself first whilst other people think it is more important to think about others. Which of the statements on this card comes closest to your view? CODE ONE ONLY Put yourself first and leave others to do the same Put yourself first but also consider other people's needs and interests Consider everyone's needs and interests equally, including your own Put other people's needs and interests above your own (Don't know) (Refusal) [WhyNeed] N=2267 CARD F2 Why do you think there are people who live in need? Of the four views on this card, which one comes closest to your own? CODE ONE ONLY Because they have been unlucky Because of laziness or lack of willpower Because of injustice in our society It's an inevitable part of modern life (None of these) (Don't know) (Refusal) [WhyRich] N=2267 CARD F3 Why do you think that some people have higher incomes than others? Of the four views on this card, which one comes closest to your own? CODE ONE ONLY Because they have been lucky Because they work hard Because of injustice in our society It's an inevitable part of modern life (None of these) (Don't know) (Refusal) [WhRchPar] * N=2267 CARD F4 And how much do you agree or disagree with the following statement. Some people have higher incomes than others because they are born to rich parents and have advantages from the start? [IncNec] * N=2267 CARD F4 AGAIN Please say how much you agree or disagree with the following statements. Large differences in people's incomes... ...are necessary for Britain's prosperity? [IncInev] * N=2267 CARD F4 AGAIN (How much do you agree or disagree. Large differences in people's incomes...) ...are inevitable whether we like them or not?

% 3.5 31.9 53.0 11.2 0.3 Q874

% 11.5 26.3 18.5 38.2 3.0 2.4 Q875

% 8.6 47.2 12.9 27.4 2.4 1.5 Q876

Q877

Q878

41

Q879

[IncUnf] * N=2267 CARD F4 AGAIN (How much do you agree or disagree.Large differences in people's incomes...) ...are unfair? [IncWrk] * N=2267 CARD F4 AGAIN Please say how much you agree or disagree with the following statements. Large differences in people's incomes... ...give people an incentive to work hard? [IncWrng] * N=2267 CARD F4 AGAIN (How much do you agree or disagree. Large differences in people's incomes..) ...are morally wrong? [Incprob] * N=2267 CARD F4 AGAIN (How much do you agree or disagree. Large differences in people's incomes...) ...contribute to social problems like crime? * Agree strongly Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Disagree strongly (Don't know) (Refusal) * Agree strongly Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Disagree strongly (Don't know) (Refusal) [WhRchPar] % 16.3 51.9 17.0 12.9 1.5 0.3 [IncWrk] % 5.1 55.9 17.4 19.5 1.3 0.8 [IncNec] % 2.0 25.2 24.2 38.9 7.7 2.0 [IncWrng] % 6.3 29.6 24.6 34.8 3.3 1.4 [IncInev] % 7.9 67.7 10.1 11.4 1.7 1.2 [Incprob] % 9.7 53.4 15.3 18.9 1.6 1.1 [IncUnf] % 10.4 41.2 20.7 25.3 1.7 0.7 -

Q880

Q881

Q882

Q883

% 4.3 7.2 19.0 63.9 3.0 2.7 -

[IGapProb] N=2267 CARD F5 Thinking about the gap in income between those on high incomes and those on low incomes, which do you think is the biggest problem facing Britain today. Is it the gap in income between people... READ OUT... ...at the very top and near the top, at the top and in the middle, in the middle and at the bottom, OR, is it the overall gap in income between people at the top and people at the bottom? (SPONTANEOUS:None of these) (Don't know) (Refusal)

42

Q884Q892

% 16.7 55.8 39.8 24.9 25.5 54.2 62.4 1.7 1.5 1.7 -

[IncGap1] N=2267 CARD F6 Thinking overall about the gap in income between those on high incomes and those on low incomes, what, if anything, do you think should be done to reduce this gap? PROBE: What else? CODE ALL THAT APPLY Multicoded (Maximum of 16 codes) Benefits for those on low incomes should be increased [IGapWBen] Taxes for those on low incomes should be reduced [IGapWRTx] Taxes for those on high incomes should be increased [IGapWITx] There should be an upper limit on very high incomes [IGapWLim] The government should create jobs for those that need [IGapWJob] them The minimum wage should be increased [IGapWMin] Better education or training opportunities should be [IGapWTrn] provided to enable people to get better jobs Other (WRITE IN) [IGapWOth] Nothing should be done [IGapWNot] (Don't know) (Refusal) IF MORE THAN ONE ANSWER GIVEN AT [IncGap1] [IncGap2] N=1775 CARD F6 AGAIN If you had to pick just one of these options, what do you think would be the best way to reduce the gap in income between those on high incomes and those on low incomes? CODE ONE ONLY Benefits for those on low incomes should be increased Taxes for those on low incomes should be reduced Taxes for those on high incomes should be increased There should be an upper limit on very high incomes The government should create jobs for those that need them The minimum wage should be increased Better education or training opportunities should be provided to enable people to get better jobs Other (WRITE IN) Nothing should be done (SPONTANEOUS: Can't choose just one option) (Don't know) (Refusal) VERSIONS A AND B: ASK ALL [IncPrior] N=2267 CARD F7 Here are some different things the government might focus on. Which of the four options on this card do you think should be the priority? CODE ONE ONLY Promote economic growth regardless of whether some people benefit more than others Guarantee a minimum standard of living for everyone Reduce the gap in incomes between rich and poor Try to ensure that everyone has equal opportunities to get ahead (SPONTANEOUS: None of these) (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q904

% 4.3 21.3 12.1 6.8 5.5 17.6 30.2 0.3 0.4 1.1 0.4 -

Q907

% 10.0 33.8 14.6 40.3 0.4 0.9 -

43

Q908

% 3.9 40.2 54.4 1.5 0.0 Q909

[TaxRaise] N=2267 CARD F8 Suppose the government had to raise extra money from taxes to pay for spending on education, health, and social benefits. This card shows three different ways they could do this, and what this would mean for two different people, one earning £15,000 before tax and the other earning £30,000 before tax. Which option do you think the government should choose? Each person should pay the same amount of money in tax Each person should pay the same share of their earnings in tax The person earning less should pay a smaller share of their earnings in tax, and the person earning more pay a larger share (Don't know) (Refusal) [TaxPayD2] N=2267 Do you think that people with high incomes pay a larger share of their income in various taxes than those with low incomes, the same share, or a smaller share? Much larger share Larger share The same share Smaller share Much smaller share (Don't know) (Refusal) [HhBetOff] N=2267 In Britain, some households are financially better off than others. Of every 100 households in this country how many would you say were financially better off than yours? INTERVIEWER: ENTER NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS Median: 50 households (Don't know) (Refusal) [WhIncHYr] N=2267 A lot of people talk about incomes being high or low. Thinking about a person living on their own, how large would their income have to be before you would say they had a high income? INTERVIEWER: ENTER WHOLE POUNDS. TIME PERIOD AT NEXT QUESTION. Median: 35,000 GBP (Don't know) (Refusal) [WhIncLYr] N=2267 And again, thinking about a person living on their own, how small would their income have to be before you would say they had a low income? INTERVIEWER: IF ASKED, INCOME INCLUDES BENEFITS INTERVIEWER: ENTER WHOLE POUNDS. TIME PERIOD AT NEXT QUESTION. Median: 12,000 GBP (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 11.3 43.5 22.9 14.0 2.6 5.7 Q910

% 13.0 0.1 Q911

% 9.4 Q915

% 6.5 -

44

Q919

[Bonus1] * N=2267 CARD F9 Some organisations pay bonuses to their employees in addition to their normal salary. These can range from quite small amounts to more than the annual salary. Thinking about this, please tell me how strongly you agree or disagree with the following statements. Bonuses are a good way of motivating staff? [Bonus2] * CARD F9 AGAIN (How much do you agree or disagree) Paying bonuses to staff is never justified? N=2267

Q920

Q921

ASK IF NOT 'Agree' or 'Agree strongly' AT [Bonus2] [Bonus3] * N=1919 CARD F9 AGAIN And please tell me how much you agree or disagree with the following statement. There should be a limit on the size of bonuses people receive?

Agree strongly Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Disagree strongly (Don't know) (Refusal)

[Bonus1] % 15.6 64.7 6.7 9.9 2.5 0.5 -

[Bonus2] % 2.5 12.5 16.2 60.9 7.3 0.7 -

[Bonus3] % 23.3 48.4 8.2 16.6 2.8 0.6 0.0

45

Immigration (Version A)

Q925 VERSION A: ASK ALL [IMMINTRO] PASS IMMIGRATION CARD OVER TO RESPONDENT ENSURE THAT IMMIGRATION CARD IS VISIBLE FOR THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS. READ OUT... Now there are some questions about immigrants from Non-western countries. By Non-western immigrants we mean asylum seekers and other immigrants from Asia, Africa, South America and the Caribbean. Press 1 and <Enter> to continue. [IMMAREA] N=1128 Just your best guess - out of every 100 people that live in your local area, how many do you think are immigrants from Non-western countries? WRITE NUMBER BETWEEN 0 AND 100 Median: 10 people (Don't know) (Refusal) [IMMBRIT] N=1128 Just your best guess - out of every 100 people in Britain, how many do you think are immigrants from Non-western countries? WRITE NUMBER BETWEEN 0 AND 100 Median: 25 people (Don't know) (Refusal) [ImmPov] N=1128 Just your best guess - out of every 100 people that live in income poverty in Britain, how many do you think are Non-western immigrants? WRITE NUMBER BETWEEN 0 AND 100 Median: 30 people (Don't know) (Refusal) [IMMMON] N=1128 CARD G1 Do you think Britain spends too much money, too little money, or about the right amount on improving the living conditions of immigrants from Non-western countries? Too little About right Too much (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q926

% 4.7 0.1 Q927

% 6.2 0.1 Q928

% 12.5 0.1 Q929

% 10.7 32.1 50.4 6.6 0.1

46

Q930

% 27.0 11.6 18.8 10.2 15.5 6.8 4.9 1.5 2.2 1.1 0.4 Q931

[IMMCLOSE] N=1128 CARD G2 In general, how close do you feel to immigrants from Non-western countries? By close we mean how much do you feel you have in common with them. Please answer on a scale from 1 to 9 where a score of 1 means not at all close and a score of 9 means very close. 1 - Not at all close 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 - Very close (Don't know) (Refusal) [IMMDISC] N=1128 On average immigrants from Non-western countries do have worse jobs, lower income, and poorer housing than those born in Britain. Do you think these differences are mainly due to discrimination or not? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) [IMMNUMB2] N=1128 CARD G3 Do you think the number of immigrants from Non-western countries to Britain nowadays should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot? Increased a lot Increased a little Left the same as it is now Decreased a little Decreased a lot (Don't know) (Refusal) [IMMCONT] N=1128 CARD G4 Throughout British history people of many different races, nationalities, and religions have come here and settled. Please tell me whether Non-western immigrants have made a very important contribution, an important contribution, some contribution or little positive contribution to this country? A very important contribution An important contribution Some contribution Little positive contribution (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 34.5 62.1 3.3 0.1 Q932

% 2.5 3.9 26.0 23.2 42.8 1.6 Q933

% 9.5 26.8 44.5 17.6 1.5 0.1

47

Q935

[IMMCRIM] * N=1128 CARD G5 Now there is a question about immigration in general. What do you think will happen as a result of more immigrants coming to this country. How likely are each of these possible results...READ OUT... ...higher crime rates? [IMMIDEA] * N=1128 CARD G5 AGAIN (Now there is a question about immigration in general. What do you think will happen as a result of more immigrants coming to this country. How likely are each of these possible results...READ OUT...) ...making the country more open to new ideas and cultures? [IMMJOB] * N=1128 CARD G5 AGAIN (Now there is a question about immigration in general. What do you think will happen as a result of more immigrants coming to this country. How likely are each of these possible results...READ OUT...) ...people born in Great Britain losing their jobs? * Very likely Somewhat likely Not too likely Not likely at all (Don't know) (Refusal) [IMMCRIM] % 36.1 41.1 19.4 2.5 0.9 [IMMIDEA] % 16.6 45.6 28.8 7.5 1.4 [IMMJOB] % 33.7 35.6 24.5 4.6 1.5 -

Q936

Q937

Q938

[CONFIMM] * N=1128 CARD G6 In all countries, there are differences or conflicts between different social groups. In your opinion, in Great Britain, how much conflict is there between...READ OUT... ...those born in Britain and immigrants from Non-western countries? [CONFJOB] * N=1128 CARD G6 AGAIN Now thinking about Britain in general. In your opinion, in Great Britain, how much conflict is there between...READ OUT... ...the unemployed and people with jobs? * Very strong conflicts Strong conflicts Not very strong conflicts There are no conflicts (Don't know) (Refusal) [CONFIMM] % 15.2 49.7 31.4 1.2 2.4 0.1 [CONFJOB] % 7.9 36.7 45.8 7.1 2.5 -

Q939

48

Attitudes to Disability

Q943 ASK ALL [DisNew2] N=3421 Do you have a long-standing physical or mental health condition or disability? By long-standing, I mean anything that has lasted at least months or that is likely to last at least 12 months? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) IF 'Yes' AT [DisNew2] [DisAct] N=3421 Does this condition or disability have a substantial adverse effect on your ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) VERSIONS B AND C: ASK ALL [DisPrj] N=2282 Generally speaking, do you think there is a lot of prejudice in Britain against disabled people in general, a little, hardly any or none? A lot A little Hardly any None (Don't know) (Refusal) [Dis100] N=2282 Out of every 100 people living in the UK, how many do you think are disabled? INTERVIEWER: ENCOURAGE BEST ESTIMATE IF UNSURE. RECORD NUMBER BETWEEN 0 AND 100 Median: 10% (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [ScenInt] Now some questions about how you would feel if you came across disabled people in particular situations. The questions ask about people with a range of different disabilities in a number of situations. Press 1 and <Enter> to continue. VERSION A: ASK ALL [DMPSens] * N=1128 CARD H1 Taking your answer from this card, how do you think you would feel if your local Member of Parliament (MP) had a sensory impairment such as being partially or fully blind or partially or fully deaf?

% 22.3 77.5 0.0 0.1

Q944 % 13.7 8.6 0.0 0.2

Q945 % 25.7 53.2 14.9 5.2 0.9 Q946

7.3 -

Q947

Q948

49

Q949

[DMPPhys] * N=1128 CARD H1 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a physical disability such as difficulty using their arms or was someone who uses a wheelchair (who was your local Member of Parliament (MP))? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?) [DMPMent] * N=1128 CARD H1 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a mental health condition such as depression or a personality disorder (who was your local Member of Parliament (MP))? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?) [DMPLdis] * N=1128 CARD H1 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a learning disability such as Down's syndrome or autism (who was your local Member of Parliament (MP))? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?) * Very comfortable with this Fairly comfortable with this Fairly uncomfortable with this Very uncomfortable with this [SPONTANEOUS CODE: Could not do that particular job] (Don't know) (Refusal) [DMPSens] % 58.2 33.9 5.9 1.5 0.4 0.1 [DMPPhys] % 60.1 35.3 3.3 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.1 [DMPMent] % 10.7 27.8 37.6 20.3 2.9 0.6 0.1 [DMPLdis] % 13.0 26.2 32.8 16.5 10.4 0.8 0.2

Q950

Q951

Q952

[DNeiSens] * N=1128 CARD H2 Thinking now of a different situation, how do you think you would feel if a person with a sensory impairment such as being partially or fully blind or partially or fully deaf were to move in next door? [DNeiPhys] * N=1128 CARD H2 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a physical disability such as difficulty using their arms or someone who uses a wheelchair (who moved in next door)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?) [DNeiMent] * N=1128 CARD H2 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a mental health condition such as depression or a personality disorder (who moved in next door)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?) [DNeiLdis] * N=1128 CARD H2 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a learning disability such as Down's syndrome or autism (who moved in next door)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?)

Q953

Q954

Q955

50

* Very comfortable with this Fairly comfortable with this Fairly uncomfortable with this Very uncomfortable with this (Don't know) (Refusal) Q956

[DNeiSens] % 75.6 22.4 1.6 0.2 0.2 -

[DNeiPhys] % 76.5 21.8 1.3 0.3 0.2 -

[DNeiMent] % 27.0 39.6 25.4 7.0 0.8 0.1

[DNeiLdis] % 48.5 41.1 7.6 2.0 0.7 0.1

[DSchSens] * N=1128 CARD H3 And now a different situation. Assuming the necessary help and assistance was in place, how do you think you would you feel if your son or daughter (or the son or daughter of a close family member or friend) was in a class at school with a child with a sensory impairment such as being partially or fully blind or partially or fully deaf? [DSchPhys] * N=1128 CARD H3 AGAIN And what if it was a child with a physical disability such as difficulty using their arms or a child who uses a wheelchair (who was in a class at school with your son or daughter or the son or daughter of a close family member or friend. Again, assume the necessary help and assistance was in place)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?) [DSchMent] * N=1128 CARD H3 AGAIN And what if it was a child with a mental health condition such as depression or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (who was in a class at school with your son or daughter or the son or daughter of a close family member or friend. Again, assume the necessary help and assistance was in place)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?) [DSchLdis] * N=1128 CARD H3 AGAIN And what if it was a child with a learning disability such as Down's syndrome or autism (who was in a class at school with your son or daughter or the son or daughter of a close family member or friend. Again, assume the necessary help and assistance was in place)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?)

Q957

Q958

Q959

Very comfortable with this Fairly comfortable with this Fairly uncomfortable with this Very uncomfortable with this (Don't know) (Refusal)

[DSchSens] % 67.6 28.4 2.4 0.5 1.2 0.0

[DSchPhys] % 69.3 27.7 1.3 0.6 1.1 0.0

[DSchMent] % 25.8 39.1 26.5 6.9 1.8 0.0

[DSchLdis] % 41.3 40.5 12.7 3.2 2.3 0.0

51

Q960

VERSIONS B AND C: ASK ALL [DBosSens] * N=2282 CARD H4 Taking your answer from this card, how do you think you would (feel/have felt) if a person with a sensory impairment, such as being partially or fully blind or partially or fully deaf, (was/had been) appointed as your boss( when you were working)? [DBosPhys] * N=2282 CARD H4 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a physical disability such as difficulty using their arms or someone who uses a wheelchair (who (was/had been) appointed as your boss( when you were working))? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would (feel/have felt)?) [DBosMent] * N=2282 CARD H4 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a mental health condition such as depression or a personality disorder (who (was/had been) appointed as your boss( when you were working))? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would (feel/have felt)?) [DBosLdis] * N=2282 CARD H4 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a learning disability such as Down's syndrome or autism (who (was/had been) appointed as your boss( when you were working))? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would (feel/have felt)?) * Very comfortable with this Fairly comfortable with this Fairly uncomfortable with this Very uncomfortable with this Spontaneous Code: Could not do that particular job Spontaneous Code: Selfemployed and doesn't apply (Don't know) (Refusal) [DBosSens] [DBosPhys] [DBosMent] [DBosLdis] % % % % 48.6 54.4 13.1 17.7 40.8 37.6 30.7 34.3 6.3 1.6 1.7 0.8 0.4 4.3 0.9 1.7 0.8 0.3 39.2 12.8 2.3 0.8 1.1 0.0 27.1 10.4 7.8 1.0 1.6 0.1

Q961

Q962

Q963

Q964

[DGrpSens] * N=2282 CARD H5 Imagine you were a member of a quiz team, community group or swimming club. How do you think you would feel if a person with a sensory impairment such as being partially or fully blind or partially or fully deaf also attended this club? [DGrpPhys] * N=2282 CARD H5 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a physical disability such as difficulty using their arms or someone who uses a wheelchair (who attended this quiz team, community group or swimming club)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?)

Q965

52

Q966

[DGrpMent] * N=2282 CARD H5 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a mental health condition such as depression or a personality disorder (who attended this quiz team, community group or swimming club)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?) [DGrpLdis] * N=2282 CARD H5 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a learning disability such as Down's syndrome or autism (who attended this quiz team, community group or swimming club)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?) * Very comfortable with this Fairly comfortable with this Fairly uncomfortable with this Very uncomfortable with this (Don't know) (Refusal) [DGrpSens] [DGrpPhys] [DGrpMent] [DGrpLdis] % % % % 71.2 69.2 41.6 51.4 25.2 27.3 37.6 36.6 2.5 0.4 0.7 2.4 0.5 0.5 16.8 3.2 0.9 8.8 2.1 1.1 0.1

Q967

Q968

[DMarSens] * N=2282 CARD H6 Thinking now of a different situation, how do you think you would feel if one of your close relatives were to marry and have a family with a person with a sensory impairment such as being partially or fully blind or partially or fully deaf? [DMarPhys] * N=2282 CARD H6 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a physical disability such as difficulty using their arms or someone who uses a wheelchair (who were to marry and have a family with one of your close relatives)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?) [DMarMent] * N=2282 CARD H6 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a mental health condition such as depression or a personality disorder (who were to marry and have a family with one of your close relatives)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?) [DMarLdis] * N=2282 CARD H6 AGAIN And what if it was a person with a learning disability such as Down's syndrome or autism (who were to marry and have a family with one of your close relatives)? (How comfortable or uncomfortable do you think you would feel?)

Q969

Q970

Q971

53

* Very comfortable with this Fairly comfortable with this Fairly uncomfortable with this Very uncomfortable with this (Don't know) (Refusal)

[DMarSens] [DMarPhys] [DMarMent] [DMarLdis] % % % % 59.0 55.2 20.3 29.0 33.4 35.8 33.2 36.8 5.5 1.2 0.9 0.1 7.1 0.8 1.0 0.1 32.8 11.9 1.6 0.2 24.3 7.7 2.0 0.2

Q972

% 6.7 52.0 35.3 3.2 0.5 2.2 0.1

[DisFull] N=2282 CARD H7 Thinking about disabled people in general, how much of the time, if at all, do you think they can lead as full a life as non-disabled people? All of the time Most of the time Some of the time Rarely Never (Don't know) (Refusal) IF 'Most of the time', 'Some of the time', 'Rarely' or 'Never' AT [DisFull] [DisFWhy] N=2282 CARD H8 You have said that in general disabled people cannot always lead as full a life as non-disabled people. Why do you think this is. Please choose the answer from the card that comes closest to your view? Because of their health problem/disability Because of attitudes, barriers and behaviours in society Because of their health problem/disability AND because of attitudes, barriers and behaviours in society (Don't know) (Refusal) VERSIONS B AND C: ASK ALL [DNegShp] * N=2282 CARD H9 Sometimes people refer to disabled people in a negative way. This could include making jokes or using offensive language. What do you think most people would feel if somebody referred to disabled people in this way in different situations. First... READ OUT... ...at your local shops. What do you think most people would feel (if someone referred to disabled people in a negative way)? [DNegFr] * N=2282 CARD H9 AGAIN ...with your close friends? (What do you think most people would feel if someone referred to disabled people in a negative way?)

Q973

% 36.9 16.7 45.6 0.8 -

Q974

Q975

54

* Very comfortable Fairly comfortable Fairly uncomfortable Very uncomfortable Spontaneous Code: I can't imagine this happening (Don't know) (Refusal)

[DNegShp] % 9.4 11.4 42.3 35.3 0.7 0.9 -

[DNegFr] % 10.7 11.2 30.8 45.2 1.3 0.7 -

Q976

VERSIONS B AND C: ASK ALL CURRENTLY IN PAID WORK (AT [REconAc2]) [DNegBoss] * N=1264 CARD H9 AGAIN ...at work - in front of your boss? (What do you think most people would feel if someone referred to disabled people in a negative way?) [DNegColl] * N=1264 CARD H9 AGAIN ...at work - in front of your colleagues? (What do you think most people would feel if someone referred to disabled people in a negative way?) * Most people would Most people would Most people would Most people would Spontaneous Code: happening Spontaneous Code: doesn't apply (Don't know) (Refusal) feel very comfortable feel fairly comfortable feel fairly uncomfortable feel very uncomfortable I can't imagine this Self-employed and [DNegBoss] % 9.0 7.3 27.0 53.7 0.8 1.8 0.4 0.0 [DNegColl] % 8.6 10.3 30.1 48.5 0.9 1.1 0.5 0.0

Q977

55

Respondent's job details

ASK ALL WHO HAVE EVER HAD A JOB (`paid work' OR `waiting to take up a job' AT [REconAct] OR NOT `never had a paid job' AT [RLastJob]) [Title] NOT ON DATAFILE Now I want to ask you about your (present/last/future) job. PRESENT JOB: What is your job? PAST JOB: What was your job? FUTURE JOB: What will that job be? PROBE IF NECESSARY: What (is/was) the name or title of the job? Open Question (Maximum of 80 characters) [Typewk] NOT ON DATAFILE What kind of work (do/did/will) you do most of the time? IF RELEVANT: What materials/machinery (do/did/will) you use? Open Question (Maximum of 80 characters) [Train] NOT ON DATAFILE What training or qualifications (are/were) needed for that job? Open Question (Maximum of 80 characters) [REmplyee] N=3357 In your (main) job (are you/ were you/ will you be) ... READ OUT ... ... an employee, or self-employed? (Don't know) (Refusal) [REmploye] (NOT ON SCREEN) currently employee / self-employed (dv) Employee Self-employed (Don't know) (Refusal) N=3357

Q983

Q984

Q985

Q986 % 87.0 12.5 0.1 0.5 Q987 50.5 8.4 0.0 0.4 Q988

% 36.9 62.6 0.0 0.5

[RSuperv] N=3357 In your job, (do/did/will) you have any formal responsibility for supervising the work of other (employees/people)? DO NOT INCLUDE PEOPLE WHO ONLY SUPERVISE: - CHILDREN, E.G. TEACHERS, NANNIES, CHILDMINDERS - ANIMALS - SECURITY OR BUILDINGS, E.G. CARETAKERS, SECURITY GUARDS Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) IF `yes' AT [RSuperv] [RMany] How many? Median: 0 (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q989

N=3357

0.1 0.5

56

Q991

% 54.7 1.8 24.7

2.9 0.5 0.0 0.5

ASK ALL EMPLOYEES IN CURRENT/LAST JOB (`employee' OR DON'T KNOW AT [EmployA]) [ROcSect2] N=3421 CARD J1 Which of the types of organisation on this card (do you work/did you work/will you be working) for? PRIVATE SECTOR FIRM OR COMPANY Including, for example, limited companies and PLCs NATIONALISED INDUSTRY OR PUBLIC CORPORATION Including, for example, the Post Office and the BBC OTHER PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYER Incl eg: - Central govt/ Civil Service/ Govt Agency - Local authority/ Local Educ Auth (INCL 'OPTED OUT' SCHOOLS) - Universities - Health Authority / NHS hospitals / NHS Trusts/ GP surgeries - Police / Armed forces CHARITY/ VOLUNTARY SECTOR Including, for example, charitable companies, churches, trade unions Other answer (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL WHO HAVE EVER HAD A JOB (`paid work' OR `waiting to take up a job' AT [REconAct] OR NOT `never had a paid job' AT [RLastJob]) [EmpMake] NOT ON DATAFILE IF EMPLOYEE:What (does/did) your employer make or do at the place where you (will) usually work(ed) from? IF SELF-EMPLOYED: What (do/did/will) you make or do at the place where you (will) usually work(ed) from? Open Question (Maximum of 80 characters) ASK ALL SELF-EMPLOYED IN CURRENT/LAST JOB (`self-employed' AT [REmplyee]) [SEmpNum] N=421 In your work or business, (do/did/will) you have any employees, or not? IF YES: How many? IF `NO EMPLOYEES', CODE 0. FOR 500+ EMPLOYEES, CODE 500. NOTE: FAMILY MEMBERS MAY BE EMPLOYEES ONLY IF THEY RECEIVE A REGULAR WAGE OR SALARY. Median: 0 employees (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL IN PAID WORK (AT {REconAct]) [WkJbTim] In your present job, are you working ... READ OUT ... RESPONDENT'S OWN DEFINITION ... full-time, or, part-time? (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q994

Q996 %

0.2 4.3

Q1002 % 75.6 23.7 0.7

N=1863

57

Q1005

0.3 0.8

[WkJbHrsI] N=1863 How many hours do you normally work a week in your main job - including any paid or unpaid overtime? ROUND TO NEAREST HOUR. IF RESPONDENT CANNOT ANSWER, ASK ABOUT LAST WEEK. IF RESPONDENT DOES NOT KNOW EXACTLY, ACCEPT AN ESTIMATE. FOR 95+ HOURS, CODE 95. FOR `VARIES TOO MUCH TO SAY', CODE 96. Median: 39 hours (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL EMPLOYEES IN CURRENT, PAST OR FUTURE JOB (`employee' OR DON'T KNOW AT [REmplyee]) [EJbHrsX] N=1603 What are your basic or contractual hours each week in your main job excluding any paid and unpaid overtime? ROUND TO NEAREST HOUR. IF RESPONDENT CANNOT ANSWER, ASK ABOUT LAST WEEK. IF RESPONDENT DOES NOT KNOW EXACTLY, ACCEPT AN ESTIMATE. FOR 95+ HOURS, CODE 95. FOR `VARIES TOO MUCH TO SAY', CODE 96. Median: 37 hours (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL WHO HAVE EVER WORKED OR ARE CURRENTLY WORKING (`waiting to take worked' AT [RLastJob]) [ExPrtFul] (Is/Was/Will) the job (be) ... READ ... full-time - that is, 30 or more or, part-time? (Don't know) (Refusal) WAINTING TO TAKE UP WORK BUT ARE NOT up work' AT [REconAct] OR NOT `never N=1502 OUT ... hours per week,

Q1006

% 1.5 0.8

Q1007 % 70.7 28.1 0.0 1.1

Q1008 % 5.3 10.8 5.4 77.6 0.4 0.4 0.0 Q1009 % 1.6 5.9 10.6 5.6 72.7 2.1 1.6 0.0

ASK ALL CURRENT EMPLOYEES (`employee' OR DON'T KNOW AT [REmploye]) [EJbHrCaI] (NOT ON SCREEN) N=1595 Hours R works including overtime (employee) dv 10-15 hours a week 16-23 hours a week 24-29 hours a week 30 or more hours a week Varies too much to say (Don't know) (Refusal) [EJbHrCaX] (NOT ON SCREEN) Hours R works excluding overtime (employee) dv Less than 10 hours a week 10-15 hours a week 16-23 hours a week 24-29 hours a week 30 or more hours a week Varies too much to say (Don't know) (Refusal) N=1595

58

Q1010 % 6.6 13.1 4.9 72.5 2.4 0.6

ASK ALL CURRENT SELF-EMPLOYED (`self-employed' AT [REmploye]) [SJbHrCaI] (NOT ON SCREEN) Hours R works including overtime (self employed) dv Derived from [REconAct], [REmplyee] and [WkJbHrsI]. 10-15 hours a week 16-23 hours a week 24-29 hours a week 30 or more hours a week Varies too much to say (Don't know) (Refusal)

N=260

Q1011 % 74.0 25.7 0.0 0.3

ASK ALL WHO HAVE EVER WORKED (`paid work' OR `waiting to take up a job' AT [REconAct] OR NOT `never had a paid job' AT [RLastJob]) [RPartFul] (NOT ON SCREEN) N=3353 FT/PT status of current/future/past job dv Derived from [REconAct], [WkJbTim] and [ExPrtFul] Full-time (30+ hours) Part-time (10-29 hours)? (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [UnionSA] N=3421 (May I just check) are you now a member of a trade union or staff association? PROBE AS NECESSARY AND CODE FIRST TO APPLY Yes, trade union Yes, staff association No (Don't know) (Refusal) IF 'No' or 'Don't know' AT [UnionSA] [TUSAEver] N=3421 Have you ever been a member of a trade union or staff association? PROBE AS NECESSARY AND CODE FIRST TO APPLY Yes, trade union Yes, staff association No (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL THOSE WHO ARE NOT WORKING (I.E. `in full-time education', `on government training scheme', `waiting to take up work, `unemployed', `permanently sick or disabled', `wholly retired from work', `looking after the home' OR `doing something else' AT [REconAc2]) [NPWork10] N=1562 In the seven days ending last Sunday, did you have any paid work of less than 10 hours a week? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1030

% 15.9 2.3 81.5 0.2 0.1

Q1031 % 22.9 2.5 55.8 0.2 0.3

Q1032 % 3.3 96.2 0.5

59

Employment Employment Relations

Q1048 ASK IF CURRENT EMPLOYEE (`Employee' OR `Don't know' AT [REmploye]) [EmploydT] N=1595 For how long have you been continuously employed by your present employer? (MONTHS) Median: 60 months (Don't know) (Refusal) [WageNow] N=1595 How would you describe the wages or salary you are paid for the job you do - on the low side, reasonable, or on the high side? IF LOW: Very low or a bit low? Very low A bit low Reasonable On the high side Other answer(WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal) [PayGap] N=1595 CARD K1 Thinking of the highest and the lowest paid people at your place of work, how would you describe the gap between their pay, as far as you know? Please choose a phrase from this card. Much too big a gap Too big About right Too small Much too small a gap OTHER ANSWERS (Don't know) (Refusal) [WageXpct] N=1595 If you stay in this job, would you expect your wages or salary over the coming year to ...READ OUT... ... rise by more than the cost of living, rise by the same as the cost of living, rise by less than the cost of living, or, not to rise at all? (Will not stay in job) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK IF '..not to rise..' AT [WageXpct] [WageDrop] N=357 Would you expect your wages or salary to stay the same, or in fact to go down? Stay the same Go down (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 0.1 Q1049

% 9.5 21.6 61.8 6.5 0.5 0.1 0.0 Q1052

% 14.1 30.5 48.8 1.1 0.2 5.3 Q1053 % 16.6 40.8 18.4 21.9 0.8 1.6 -

Q1054 % 89.8 9.6 0.6 -

60

Q1055 % 20.4 23.9 53.9 0.4 1.3 0.0 Q1058

ASK IF CURRENT EMPLOYEE (`Employee' OR `Don't know' AT [REmploye]) [NumEmp] N=1595 Over the coming year do you expect your workplace to be ...READOUT... ... increasing its number of employees, reducing its number of employees, or, will the number of employees stay about the same? Other answer(WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal) [Leavejob] N=1595 Thinking now about your own job. How likely or unlikely is it that you will leave this employer over the next year for any reason? Is it ...READ OUT... ... very likely, quite likely, not very likely, or, not at all likely? (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 9.9 13.1 32.1 44.0 0.9 -

ASK IF 'very likely' OR 'quite likely' AT [LeaveJob] Q1059- CARD K2 N=364 Q1067 Why do you think you will leave? Please choose a phrase from this card or tell me what other reason there is. PROBE: Which others? CODE ALL THAT APPLY % Multicoded (Maximum of 9 codes) 3.0 Firm will close down [WhyGo1] 13.2 I will be declared redundant [WhyGo2] 4.4 I will reach normal retirement age [WhyGo3] 7.3 My contract of employment will expire [WhyGo4] 3.2 I will take early retirement [WhyGo5] 50.4 I will decide to leave and work for another employer [WhyGo6] 9.6 I will decide to leave and work for myself, as self-employed [WhyGo7] 6.3 I will leave to look after home/children/relative [WhyGo10] 3.2 RETURN TO EDUCATION [WhyGo11] 11.4 Other answer(WRITE IN) [WhyGo8] 3.9 (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK IF CURRENT EMPLOYEE (`Employee' OR `Don't know' AT [REmploye]) [WpUnion3] N=1595 At your place of work are there any unions or staff associations? IF ASKED: A union or staff association is any independent organisation that represents the interests of people at work. IF YES, PROBE FOR UNION OR STAFF ASSOCIATION. CODE FIRST TO APPLY. Yes : trade union(s) Yes : staff association No, none (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1080

% 44.0 6.6 45.8 3.6 -

61

Q1081 % 43.9 4.7 1.9 3.6 Q1082 % 32.4 13.4 4.8 3.6 Q1083

IF `Yes : trade union' OR 'Yes : staff association' IN [WpUnion3] [UnionRec] N=1595 Does management recognise (these unions/this staff association) for the purposes of negotiating pay and conditions of employment? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) [WPUnioW3] On the whole, do you think (these unions do their/this staff association does its) job well or not? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) N=1595

% 41.6 5.7 2.5 0.8 3.6

[TUElig] N=1595 Are people doing your job eligible to join a union or staff association at your workplace? IF ASKED: A union or staff association is any independent organisation that represents the interests of people at work. IF YES, PROBE FOR UNION OR STAFF ASSOCIATION. CODE FIRST TO APPLY. Yes : trade union(s) Yes : staff association No (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [TUMstImp] N=3421 CARD K3 Listed on this card are a number of things that trade unions or staff associations can do. Which, if any, do you think should be the most important thing they should try to do? Reduce pay differences in the workplace Promote equality for women or for ethnic and other minority groups Represent individual employees in dealing with their employer about problems at work Protect existing employees' jobs Improve working conditions across the workplace Improve pay for all employees Have an input into the running of the business (None of these) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK IF CURRENT EMPLOYEE (`Employee' OR `Don't know' AT [REmploye]) [IndRel] N=1595 In general how would you describe relations between management and other employees at your workplace ... READ OUT ... ... very good, quite good, not very good, or, not at all good? (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1084

% 5.1 6.5 30.2 19.7 22.5 9.0 2.4 1.5 3.1 0.1

Q1085 % 33.6 52.3 11.0 2.5 0.7 -

62

Q1086 % 28.4 53.9 17.3 0.4 0.0 Q1087

[WorkRun] N=1595 And in general, would you say your workplace was ... READ OUT ... ... very well managed, quite well managed, or, not well managed? (Don't know) (Refusal) [SayJob] N=1595 Suppose there was going to be some decision made at your place of work that changed the way you do your job. Do you think that you personally would have any say in the decision about the change, or not? IF `DEPENDS': Code as `Don't know' <CTRL+K+Enter> Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) IF 'Yes' AT [SayJob] [MuchSay] N=1595 How much say or chance to influence the decision do you think you would have ... READ OUT ... ...a great deal, quite a lot, or, just a little? (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK IF CURRENT EMPLOYEE (`Employee' OR `Don't know' AT [REmploye]) [MoreSay] N=1595 Do you think you should have more say in decisions affecting your work, or are you satisfied with the way things are? Should have more say Satisfied with way things are (Don't know) (Refusal) [PrefHr2] N=1595 Thinking about the number of hours you work including regular overtime, would you prefer a job where you worked ... READ OUT ... ...more hours per week, fewer hours per week, or, are you happy with the number of hours you work at present? (Don't know) (Refusal) IF 'fewer hours per week' AT [PrefHr2] [EarnHr2] N=1595 Would you still prefer to work fewer hours, if it meant earning less money as a result? Yes No It depends (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 53.9 44.0 2.0 -

Q1088 % 11.6 23.3 19.0 0.1 2.0

Q1089 % 45.5 54.1 0.4 Q1090 % 7.4 23.9 68.4 0.3 -

Q1091 % 8.1 14.3 1.5 0.3

63

Q1092

ASK IF CURRENT EMPLOYEE (`Employee' OR `Don't know' AT [REmploye]) [Replaced] * N=1595 CARD K4 In your opinion, how difficult or easy would it be for your employer to replace you if you left? (Please use this card) [EasyJob] * N=1595 CARD K4 AGAIN And how difficult or easy would it be for you to get a similar or better job with another employer if you wanted? * Very difficult Difficult Neither difficult nor easy Easy Very easy (Don't know) (Refusal) [Replaced] % 11.5 26.0 23.5 26.3 12.1 0.6 [Easy Job] % 14.5 38.4 21.4 20.4 4.3 0.9 -

Q1093

Q1094 % 29.7 45.9 15.5 6.0 2.5 0.4 Q1095

[SecurEmp] N=1595 CARD K5 How secure do you feel your employment is with your present employer? Very secure Secure Neither secure nor insecure Insecure Very insecure (Don't know) (Refusal) [TrainJob] N=1595 If somebody with the right education and qualifications replaced you in your job, how long do you think it would take for them to learn to do the job reasonably well? PROBE FOR CORRECT PRE-CODE 1 day or less 2 - 6 days 1 - 4 weeks 1 - 3 months More than 3 months, up to a year More than 1 year, up to 2 years More than 2 years, up to 5 years More than 5 years (Don't know) (Refusal) [ReducEm] N=1595 Has there been a reduction in the number of employees at your workplace in the last 12 months? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 3.2 5.9 12.6 21.0 36.0 11.0 7.4 1.9 1.0 Q1096 % 41.6 56.4 1.9 0.0

64

Q1097

% 15.5 18.6 10.1 2.8 50.5 2.4 0.0

[Sacked] N=1595 Has any employee been dismissed, or made redundant, at your workplace in the last 12 months? IF YES: (Was the employee / Were the employees) dismissed or made redundant? Yes - dismissed Yes - made redundant Yes - both Yes - not sure whether dismissed or made redundant No (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [Retforce] N=3421 CARD K6 Some people say that it is wrong to make people retire just because they have reached a certain age. Others say that older employees must retire to make way for younger age groups. What about you. Which of the statements on this card comes closest to your view? It is wrong to make people retire just because they have reached a certain age Older employees must retire to make way for younger age groups. (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK IF CURRENT EMPLOYEE (`Employee' OR `Don't know' AT [REmploye]) [WorkOld3] N=1595 Does your employer currently allow people to carry on working past age 65 if they want to? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1098

% 80.2 17.3 2.5 -

Q1099 % 54.7 22.1 23.2 -

65

Classification

Q1102 VERSION C: ASK ALL [GovTrust] * N=1143 CARD L1 How much do you trust British governments of any party to place the needs of the nation above the interests of their own political party? Please choose a phrase from this card. [MPsTrust] * N=1143 CARD L1 AGAIN And how much do you trust politicians of any party in Britain to tell the truth when they are in a tight corner? [GovTrust] % 1.4 14.9 42.3 39.8 1.7 [MPsTrust] % 0.3 5.5 33.2 60.4 0.6 -

Q1103

Just about always Most of the time Only some of the time Almost never (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1104 % 47.5 51.4 1.1 -

[SocTrust] N=1143 Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted, or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people? Most people can be trusted Can't be too careful in dealing with people (Don't know) (Refusal) VERSIONS A AND C: ASK ALL IN ENGLAND [NatID] N=1940 CARD L2 Some people think of themselves first as British. Others may think of themselves first as English. Which, if any, of the following best describes how you see yourself? English not British More English than British Equally English and British More British than English British not English Other description (WRITE IN) (None of these) (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1105

% 17.2 16.3 32.6 10.4 12.7 8.3 2.1 0.4 0.1

66

Q1108

% 49.5 14.7 29.0 3.3 3.5 Q1109

VERSION C: ASK ALL IN ENGLAND [EngParl] CARD L3 With all the changes going on Britain are run, which of the England ...READ OUT... ...for England to be governed parliament, for each region of England to like health, or, for England as a whole to making powers? (None of these) (Don't know) (Refusal)

N=980 in the way the different parts of Great following do you think would be best for as it is now, with laws made by the UK have its own assembly that runs services have its own new parliament with law-

% 35.6 46.2 9.7 5.5 0.4 2.5 -

[ScotPayE] N=980 CARD L4 Taking your answers from this card, please say how much you agree or disagree with this statement: Now that Scotland has its own parliament, it should pay for its services out of taxes collected in Scotland. Agree strongly Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Disagree strongly (Don't know) (Refusal) VERSION C: ASK ALL [LoseTch] N=1143 CARD L4 (Using this card, please say how much you agree or disagree with this statement:) Generally speaking those we elect as MPs lose touch with people pretty quickly. Agree strongly Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Disagree strongly (Don't know) (Refusal) [VoteIntr] N=1143 CARD L4 AGAIN (Using this card, please say how much you agree or disagree with this statement:) Parties are only interested in people's votes, not in their opinions. Agree strongly Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Disagree strongly (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1110

% 22.5 49.2 19.2 7.8 0.3 1.1 Q1111

% 24.0 50.0 14.6 10.7 0.1 0.7 -

67

Q1112

% 20.9 49.4 8.8 17.8 2.2 0.5 0.5 Q1113

[PtyNMat2] N=1143 CARD L4 AGAIN (Using this card, please say how much you agree or disagree with this statement:) It doesn't really matter which party is in power, in the end things go on much the same. Agree strongly Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Disagree strongly (It depends on the level of government) (Don't know) (Refusal) [UKSpenGB] N=1143 CARD L5 Would you say that compared with other parts of the United Kingdom, Scotland gets pretty much its fair share of government spending, more than its fair share, or less than its fair share of government spending? Please choose your answer from this card. Much more than its fair share of government spending A little more than its fair share of government spending Pretty much its fair share of government spending A little less than its fair share of government spending Much less than its fair share of government spending (Don't know) (Refusal) [Politics] N=1143 How much interest do you generally have in what is going on in politics ...READ OUT ... ... a great deal, quite a lot, some, not very much, or, none at all? (Don't know) (Refusal) VERSION A: ASK ALL [PrejNow] N=1128 Do you think there is generally more racial prejudice in Britain now than there was 5 years ago, less, or about the same amount? More now Less now About the same Other (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal) [PrejFut] N=1128 Do you think there will be more, less, or about the same amount of racial prejudice in Britain in 5 years time compared with now? More in 5 years Less About the same Other (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal)

% 16.4 20.9 31.6 5.2 1.5 24.3 0.1 Q1114 % 8.9 22.0 35.9 21.7 11.3 0.2 -

Q1115 % 47.5 17.5 32.7 0.1 2.2 0.1 Q1118 % 52.7 16.2 28.1 0.6 2.5 -

68

Q1121 % 3.4 30.1 64.3 1.4 0.4 0.5

[SRPrej] How would you describe yourself ... READ OUT ... ... as very prejudiced against people of other races, a little prejudiced, or, not prejudiced at all? Other (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal)

N=1128

Housing

Q1124 ASK ALL [Tenure1] And now some questions about you and your household. Does your household own or rent this accommodation? PROBE IF NECESSARY IF OWNS: Outright or on a mortgage? IF RENTS: From whom? Owns outright Buying on mortgage Rents: local authority Rents: New Town Development Corporation Rents: Housing Association Rents: property company Rents: employer Rents: other organisation Rents: relative Rents: other individual Rents: Housing Trust Rent free, squatting Other (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal) N=3421

% 30.7 39.3 9.8 0.2 6.4 2.1 0.6 1.3 0.5 7.3 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.4 Q1128 % 9.5 23.4 49.3 14.6 2.4 0.4 0.2 0.1

[ResPres] N=3421 Can I just check, would you describe the place where you live as ... READ OUT ... ...a big city, the suburbs or outskirts of a big city, a small city or town, a country village, or, a farm or home in the country? (Other answer (WRITE IN)) (Don't know) (Refusal) VERSION A: ASK ALL [AREAWALK] N=1128 Is there any area around here - that is, within one mile - where you would be afraid to walk alone at night? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1131 % 38.9 60.4 0.7 -

69

Religion and ethnicity

Q1139 % 50.7 9.3 8.6 20.0 0.5 1.3 2.2 0.4 0.9 0.4 2.4 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.2 0.1 0.4 Q1148 % 18.5 13.1 13.2 38.2 1.3 3.5 4.5 0.6 1.0 0.4 2.3 1.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.4 1.3 0.1 0.2 ASK ALL [Religion] (NOT ON SCREEN) Do you regard yourself as belonging to any particular religion? IF YES: Which? No religion Christian - no denomination Roman Catholic Church of England/Anglican Baptist Methodist Presbyterian/Church of Scotland Other Christian Hindu Jewish Islam/Muslim Sikh Buddhist Other non-Christian Free Presbyterian Brethren United Reform Church (URC)/Congregational Other Protestant (Don't know) (Refusal) [Famrelig] (NOT ON SCREEN) In what religion, if any, were you brought up? dv No religion Christian - no denomination Roman Catholic Church of England/Anglican Baptist Methodist Presbyterian/Church of Scotland Other Christian Hindu Jewish Islam/Muslim Sikh Buddhist Other non-Christian Free Presbyterian Brethren United Reform Church (URC)/Congregational Other Protestant (Don't know) (Refusal) N=3421

N=3421

70

Q1150

% 10.5 1.8 4.9 7.1 4.1 5.4 47.7 0.7 -

IF RELIGION GIVEN AT [RelRFW] OR AT [RelFFW] AND NO REFUSAL AT EITHER [ChAttend] N=3421 Apart from such special occasions as weddings, funerals and baptisms, how often nowadays do you attend services or meetings connected with your religion? PROBE AS NECESSARY. Once a week or more Less often but at least once in two weeks Less often but at least once a month Less often but at least twice a year Less often but at least once a year Less often than once a year Never or practically never Varies too much to say (Don't know) (Refusal)

National Identity

ASK ALL Q1151- CARD L6 N=3421 Q1159 Please say which, if any, of the words on this card describes the way you think of yourself. Please choose as many or as few as apply. PROBE: Any others? % Multicoded (Maximum of 9 codes) 66.6 British [NatBrit] 52.3 English [NatEng] 12.2 European [NatEuro] 2.1 Irish [NatIrish] 0.5 Northern Irish [NatNI] 9.1 Scottish [NatScot] 0.1 Ulster [NatUlst] 4.7 Welsh [NatWelsh] 3.3 Other answer (WRITE IN) [NatOth] 0.5 (None of these) [NatNone] 2.0 OTHER ­ ASIAN MENTIONED [NatAsia] 1.1 OTHER ­ AFRICAN / CARIBBEAN MENTIONED [Natfric] 0.1 (Don't know) 0.2 (Refusal) IF MORE THAN ONE SELECTED FROM [NatBrit] TO [NatAfric] [BNationU] N=3421 CARD L6 AGAIN And if you had to choose, which one best describes the way you think of yourself? British English European Irish Northern Irish Scottish Ulster Welsh Other answer (WRITE IN) (None of these) OTHER - ASIAN MENTIONED OTHER - AFRICAN /CARIBBEAN MENTIONED (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1174

% 19.4 17.1 1.0 0.3 0.1 3.4 1.8 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5

71

Q1178 % 1.9 1.4 0.1 2.4 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.6 89.7 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.3

ASK ALL [RaceOri2] CARD L7 To which of these groups do you consider you belong? BLACK: of African origin BLACK: of Caribbean origin BLACK: of other origin (WRITE IN) ASIAN: of Indian origin ASIAN: of Pakistani origin ASIAN: of Bangladeshi origin ASIAN: of Chinese origin ASIAN: of other origin (WRITE IN) WHITE: of any European origin WHITE: of other origin (WRITE IN) MIXED ORIGIN (WRITE IN) OTHER (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal)

N=3421

Education

Q1189 ASK ALL [RPrivEd] * N=3421 Have you ever attended a fee-paying, private primary or secondary school in the United Kingdom? `PRIVATE' PRIMARY OR SECONDARY SCHOOLS INCLUDE: * INDEPENDENT SCHOOLS * SCHOLARSHIPS AND ASSISTED PLACES AT FEE-PAYING SCHOOLS THEY EXCLUDE: * DIRECT GRANT SCHOOLS (UNLESS FEE-PAYING) * VOLUNTARY-AIDED SCHOOLS * GRANT-MAINTAINED (`OPTED OUT') SCHOOLS * NURSERY SCHOOLS IF NO CHILDREN IN THE HOUSEHOLD (AS GIVEN IN THE HOUSEHOLD GRID) [OthChld3] * N=3421 Have you ever been responsible for bringing up any children of school age, including stepchildren? IF CHILDREN IN THE HOUSEHOLD OR `yes' AT [OthChld3] [ChPrivEd] * N=3421 And (have any of your children / has your child) ever attended a feepaying, private primary or secondary school in the United Kingdom? `PRIVATE' PRIMARY OR SECONDARY SCHOOLS INCLUDE: * INDEPENDENT SCHOOLS * SCHOLARSHIPS AND ASSISTED PLACES AT FEE-PAYING SCHOOLS THEY EXCLUDE: * DIRECT GRANT SCHOOLS (UNLESS FEE-PAYING) * VOLUNTARY-AIDED SCHOOLS * GRANT-MAINTAINED (`OPTED OUT') SCHOOLS * NURSERY SCHOOLS * Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) [RPrivEd] % 10.0 89.7 0.1 0.1 [OthChld3] %

32.1 36.9

Q1190

Q1191

0.1

[ChPrivEd] % 7.1 55.7 0.1 0.1

72

Q1196

% 24.0 28.0 9.0 13.2 22.0 0.4 3.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 Q1197 % 72.4 27.2 0.1 0.3

ASK ALL [Tea] (NOT ON SCREEN) N=3421 How old were you when you completed your continuous full-time education? PROBE IF NECESSARY `STILL AT SCHOOL' - CODE 95 `STILL AT COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY' - CODE 96 `OTHER ANSWER' - CODE 97 AND WRITE IN 15 or under 16 17 18 19 or over Still at school Still at college or university Other answer (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal) [SchQual] CARD L8 Have you passed any of the examinations on this card? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) N=3421

73

IF `yes' AT [SchQual] Q1198- [SchQFW] Q1201 CARD L8 AGAIN Please tell me which sections of the card they are in? PROBE : Any other sections? CODE ALL THAT APPLY % Multicoded (Maximum of 4 codes) [EdQual1] 32.1 Section 1: GCSE Grades D-G/Short course GCSE/Vocational GCSE CSE Grades 2-5 GCE O-level Grades D-E or 7-9 Scottish (SCE) Ordinary Bands D-E Scottish Standard Grades 4-7 SCOTVEC/SQA National Certificate modules Scottish School leaving Certificate ­ no grade Scottish Access 1-3 Scottish Intermediate 1 [EdQual2] 49.6 Section 2: GCSE Grades A*-C CSE Grade 1 O-level Grades A-C or 1-6 School Certif/Matriculation Scottish SCE Ord. Bands A-C or pass Scottish Standard Grades 1-3 or Pass Scottish School Leaving Certificate Lower Grade Scottish Intermediate 2 [EdQual3] 28.5 Section 3: A-level, S-level, A2-level, AS-level International Baccalaureate Vocational A-level (AVCE) Scottish Higher Scottish SCE/SLC/SUPE at Higher Grade Scot. Higher School Certif Certif Sixth Year Studies/ Advanced Higher Grades Northern Ireland Senior Certificate Welsh Baccalaureate 3.8 Section 4: [EdQual4] Overseas school leaving exam or certificate (Don't know) 0.4 (Refusal) ASK ALL [PschQual] N=3421 CARD L9 And have you passed any of the exams or got any of the qualifications on this card? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1202

% 59.6 40.0 0.0 0.4

74

IF `yes' AT [PSchQual] Q1203- [PSchQFW] Q1228 CARD L9 AGAIN Which ones? PROBE: Which others? PROBE FOR CORRECT LEVEL Multicoded (Maximum of 26 codes) 17.9 Univ/CNAA first degree 2.7 Univ/CNAA diploma / Foundation Degree 5.1 Postgraduate degree 4.4 Teacher training qualification 2.8 Nursing qualification 0.8 Foundation/advanced (modern) apprenticeship 2.3 Other recognised trade apprenticeship 1.9 OCR/RSA - (Vocational) Certificate 1.7 OCR/RSA - (First) Diploma 0.9 OCR/RSA - Advanced Diploma 0.8 OCR/RSA - Higher Diploma 1.6 Other clerical, commercial qualification 5.8 City&Guilds - Level 1/ Part I 5.1 City&Guilds - Level 2/ Craft/ Intermediate/ Ordinary/ Part II 3.5 City&Guilds - Level 3/Advanced/ Final/ Part III 1.4 City&Guilds - Level 4/Full Technological/ Part IV 1.7 Edexcel/BTEC First Certificate 1.1 Edexcel/BTEC First/General Diploma 4.6 Edexcel/BTEC/BEC/TEC (General/Ordinary) National Certif or Diploma (ONC/OND) 4.6 Edexcel/BTEC/BEC/TEC Higher National Certif (HNC) or Diploma (HND) 4.8 NVQ/SVQ Lev 1/GNVQ/GSVQ Foundation lev 7.9 NVQ/SVQ Lev 2/GNVQ/GSVQ Intermediate lev 6.1 NVQ/SVQ Lev 3/GNVQ/GSVQ Advanced lev 1.2 NVQ/SVQ Lev 4 0.4 NVQ/SVQ Lev 5 8.1 Other recogn academic or vocational qual (WRITE IN) (Don't know) 0.4 (Refusal) ASK ALL [HEdQual] (NOT ON SCREEN) Highest educational qual obtained - dv Degree Higher educ below degree A level or equiv O level or equiv CSE or equiv Foreign or other No qualification DK/Refusal/NA

[EdQual38] [EdQual39] [EdQual36] [EdQual12] [EdQual13] [EdQual26] [EdQual27] [EdQual28] [EdQual29] [EdQual30] [EdQual31] [EdQual32] [EdQual22] [EdQual23] [EdQual24] [EdQual25] [EdQual33] [EdQual34] [EdQual10] [EdQual11] [EdQual17] [EdQual18] [EdQual19] [EdQual20] [EdQual21] [EdQual37]

Q1261 % 18.9 9.9 16.7 18.5 7.7 1.1 19.5 7.7

N=3421

75

Q1262 % 5.1 13.5 9.9 16.7 18.5 7.7 1.1 27.6 -

[HEdQual2] (NOT ON SCREEN) Highest educational qual obtained (postgrad separate) - dv Postgraduate degree First degree Higher educ below degree A level or equiv O level or equiv CSE or equiv Foreign or other No qualification DK/Refusal/NA

N=3421

Spouse's job details

Q1267 ASK ALL WITH SPOUSE/PARTNER WHO IS WORKING OR WAITING TO TAKE UP WORK [Title] NOT ON DATAFILE Now I want to ask you about your (husband's/wife's/partner's) (present/future) job. What (is his/her job / will that job be)? PROBE IF NECESSARY: What is the name or title of the job? Open Question (Maximum of 80 characters) [Typewk] NOT ON DATAFILE What kind of work (does/will) (he/she) do most of the time? IF RELEVANT: What materials/machinery (does/will) (he/she) use? Open Question (Maximum of 80 characters) [Train] NOT ON DATAFILE What training or qualifications are needed for that job? Open Question (Maximum of 80 characters) [S2Employ] N=1215 In your (husband's/wife's/partner's) (main) job (is/will) (he/she) (be) ... READ OUT ... ... an employee, or self-employed? (Don't know) (Refusal) [S2Superv] N=1215 In your (husband's/wife's/partner's) job, (does/will) (he/she) have any formal responsibility for supervising the work of other (employees/people)? DO NOT INCLUDE PEOPLE WHO ONLY SUPERVISE: - CHILDREN, E.G. TEACHERS, NANNIES, CHILDMINDERS - ANIMALS - SECURITY OR BUILDINGS, E.G. CARETAKERS, SECURITY GUARDS Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1268

Q1269

Q1270

82.4 16.8 0.1 0.7 Q1272

% 37.8 61.1 0.4 0.7

76

Q1275

% 54.5 1.2 25.0

1.7 0.1

0.1 -

ASK ALL WITH SPOUSE/PARTNER WHO IS WORKING OR WAITING TO TAKE UP WORK: IF AS EMPLOYEE (`employee' OR DON'T KNOW AT [S2Employ]) [S2OcSec2] N=1215 CARD L10 Which of the types of organisation on this card (does/will) your (husband/wife/partner) (work/be working) for? PRIVATE SECTOR FIRM OR COMPANY Including, for example, limited companies and PLCs NATIONALISED INDUSTRY OR PUBLIC CORPORATION Including, for example, the Post Office and the BBC OTHER PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYER Incl eg: - Central govt/ Civil Service/ Govt Agency - Local authority/ Local Educ Auth (INCL 'OPTED OUT' SCHOOLS) - Universities - Health Authority / NHS hospitals / NHS Trusts/ GP surgeries - Police / Armed forces CHARITY/ VOLUNTARY SECTOR Including, for example, charitable companies, churches, trade unions Other answer (WRITE IN) EDIT ONLY: Self-employed EDIT ONLY: Owns business / company (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1283

% 11.6 16.9 13.1 10.9 9.3 9.5 10.4 12.9 4.8 0.7 Q1296 % 76.5 22.7 0.2 0.5

ASK ALL WITH SPOUSE/PARTNER WHO IS WORKING OR WAITING TO TAKE UP WORK [S2EmpWr2] N=1215 IF EMPLOYEE: Including your (husband/wife/partner), how many people are employed at the place where (he/she) usually (works/will work) from? IF SELF-EMPLOYED:(Does/Will) (he/she) have any employees? IF YES: PROBE FOR CORRECT PRECODE. None (DO NOT USE IF EMPLOYEE/No employees) Under 10 10-24 25-49 50-99 100-199 200-499 500+ (Don't know) (Refusal) [S2PartFl] (Is/Was) the job ... READ OUT ... ... full-time - that is, 30 or more hours per week, or, part-time? (Don't know) (Refusal) N=1215

77

Income and benefits

Q1329 ASK ALL [AnyBN3] CARD L11 Do you (or your husband/wife/partner) receive any of the state benefits or tax credits on this card at present? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) N=3421

% 60.3 39.2 0.0 0.4

IF `yes' AT [AnyBN3] Q1330- [BenFTNFW] Q1347 CARD L11 AGAIN Which ones? PROBE: Which others? % 24.1 0.5 1.0 2.9 4.8 3.9 25.7 16.4 7.2 8.0 10.0 3.7 6.4 1.7 0.3 1.4 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.5 Multicoded (Maximum of 18 codes) State retirement pension (National Insurance) War Pension (War Disablement Pension or War Widows Pension) Bereavement Allowance/ Widow's Pension/ Widowed Parent's Allowance Jobseeker's Allowance Income Support (not for pensioners) Pension Credit / Minimum Income Guarantee / Income Support for pensioners Child Benefit / Guardian's Allowance Child Tax Credit Working Tax Credit Housing Benefit (Rent Rebate/ Rent Allowance) Council Tax Benefit (or Rebate) Incapacity Benefit / Employment and Support Allowance (formerly Sickness Benefit / Invalidity Benefit) Disability Living Allowance Attendance Allowance (for people aged 65+) Severe Disablement Allowance Carer's Allowance (formerly Invalid Care Allowance) Industrial Injuries Benefits Other state benefit (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal)

N=3421

[BenefOAP] [BenefWAR] [BenefWid] [BenefUB] [BenefIS2] [BenefPC] [BenefCB] [BenefCTC] [BenefFC] [BenefHB] [BenefCT] [BenefInc] [BenefDLA] [BenefAtA] [BenefSev] [BenefICA] [BenefInd] [BenefOth]

78

Q1369

% 62.9 7.6 2.9 12.1 2.2 3.3 0.6 2.3 0.9 0.9 1.5 1.5 0.4 0.3 0.7

ASK ALL: [MainInc4] N=3421 CARD L12 Which of these is the main source of income for you (and your husband/wife/partner) at present? Earnings from employment (own or spouse / partner's) Occupational pension(s) - from previous employer(s) Private pension(s) State retirement or widow's pension(s) Jobseeker's Allowance/ Unemployment benefit Income Support (not for pensioners) Pension Credit/ Minimum Income Guarantee/ Income Support for pensioners Incapacity or disabled pension or benefit(s) (formerly invalidity or sickness benefit) Other state benefit or tax credit (WRITE IN) Interest from savings or investments Student grant, bursary or loans Dependent on parents/other relatives Other main source (WRITE IN) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [HHincome] * N=3421 CARD L13 Which of the letters on this card represents the total income of your household from all sources before tax? Please just tell me the letter. NOTE: INCLUDES INCOME FROM BENEFITS, SAVINGS, ETC. IF IN PAID WORK (AT [REconAct]) [REarn] * N=3421 CARD L13 AGAIN Which of the letters on this card represents your own gross or total earnings, before deduction of income tax and national insurance? * Q: less than 3,999gbp T: 4,000 ­ 5,999gbp O: 6,000 ­ 7,999gbp K: 8,000 ­ 9,999gbp L: 10,000 ­ 11,999gbp B: 12,000 ­ 14,999gbp Z: 15,000 ­ 17,999gbp M: 18,000 ­ 19,999gbp F: 20,000 ­ 22,999gbp J: 23,000 ­ 25,999gbp D: 26,000 ­ 28,999gbp H: 29,000 ­ 31,999gbp A: 32,000 ­ 37,999gbp W: 38,000 ­ 43,999gbp G: 44,000 ­ 49,999gbp N: 50,000 ­ 55,999gbp E: 56,000gbp or more (Don't know) (Refused information) [HHincome] % 1.5 3.1 3.4 4.2 4.6 6.1 4.8 3.3 4.2 4.7 4.5 4.3 5.8 5.3 4.9 4.6 13.9 7.7 9.2 [REarn] % 1.5 2.4 2.3 2.3 3.9 5.1 5.1 2.9 3.4 4.4 4.2 2.5 3.3 2.7 1.8 1.0 3.6 0.8 4.5

Q1374

Q1376

79

End bit

Q1381 ASK ALL [SCXInct] The final set of questions are in this booklet. They will probably be easier to answer if you read them. All of them can be answered just by ticking a box. (IF APPROPRIATE: You don't necessarily have to do them right now. I can call back for the booklet another day). Press 1 and <Enter> to continue. [SCXplain] PLEASE MAKE SURE YOU GIVE THE RESPONDENT THE VERSION (A/B/C) (yellow/pink/blue) QUESTIONNAIRE ENTER THE SERIAL NUMBER : (serial number) (check letter) ...POINT NUMBER : (sample point) ...INTERVIEWER NUMBER : (interviewer number) ON THE FRONT PAGE OF THE SELF COMPLETION. THEN TELL US WHETHER IT IS TO BE ... ... filled in immediately after interview in your presence, or, left behind to be filled in later, or, if the respondent refused. (Don't know) (Refusal) [SelfComp] (NOT ON SCREEN) Is there a self-completion questionnaire? dv No self-completion yes [PhoneX] Do you have a telephone? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal) N=3421

Q1382

36.2 57.4 6.3 0.0 0.1 Q1383 13.7 86.3 Q1384 97.1 2.6 0.0 0.2

N=3421

N=3421

Q1385

91.4 5.5 0.4

IF `yes' AT [PhoneX] [PhoneBc2] N=3421 A few interviews on any survey are checked by my office to make sure that people are satisfied with the way the interview was carried out. In case my office needs to contact you, it would be helpful if we could have your telephone number. ADD IF NECESSARY: Your 'phone number will not be passed to anyone outside the National Centre without your consent. IF NUMBER GIVEN, ENTER AT NEXT SCREEN IF MORE THAN ONE NUMBER, ASK WHICH WOULD BE MOST CONVENIENT FOR RECONTACT Number given Number refused (Don't know) (Refusal)

80

Q1387

32.9 63.2 3.3 0.6

IF NOT Refused AT [PhoneX] OR [PhoneBc2] [PhoneX2] N=3421 (And, may we have your mobile phone number as [email protected]/IF NO MOBILE:) Is there another phone number where you could (also) be reached? IF NUMBER GIVEN, ENTER AT NEXT SCREEN Number given Number refused/not given (/no mobile or second phone) (Don't know) (Refusal) ASK ALL [ComeBac3] N=3421 From time to time we do follow-up studies and may wish to contact you again. Would this be all right? Yes No (Don't know) (Refusal)

Q1390

83.3 15.5 0.5 0.7

81

BRITISH SOCIAL ATTITUDES 2009 SELF-COMPLETION QUESTIONNAIRE VERSION A

82

1. To begin, we have some questions about opportunities for getting ahead ... Please tick one box for each of these to show how important you think it is for getting ahead in life ... PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE

N=958

Not Very Fairly Not very important Can't Not Essential Important Important important at all choose answered [Ahead1] a. How important is coming from a wealthy family? [Ahead2] b. How important is having well-educated parents? [Ahead3] c. How important is having a good education yourself? [Ahead4] d. How important is having ambition? [Ahead6] e. How important is hard work? [Ahead7] f. How important is knowing the right people? [Ahead8] g. How important is having political connections? [Ahead14] h. How important is giving bribes? [Ahead9] i. How important is a person's ethnicity? [Ahead10] j. How important is a person's religion? [Ahead12] k. How important is being born a man or a woman? % 2.4 11.9 25.1 39.5 18.6 1.6 0.9

%

5.4

26.1

44.3

16.5

6.3

0.5

0.9

%

22.7

51.2

22.7

2.2

0.5

0.1

0.6

%

24.5

46.9

23.9

3.3

0.3

0.1

1.1

%

31.2

52.9

12.9

1.3

0.6

0.2

0.9

%

7.3

26.0

43.7

17.8

3.8

0.7

0.7

%

1.3

4.7

17.8

45.7

26.2

2.6

1.7

%

0.6

1.1

3.5

13.0

71.3

7.6

2.8

%

2.2

6.2

15.8

27.6

41.4

4.1

2.6

%

2.7

5.8

9.5

26.9

51.7

2.3

1.2

%

2.4

5.3

11.5

27.9

45.9

5.4

1.7

83

2. How much do you agree or disagree with each of the following statements?

N=958

PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Strongly agree [GETON3] a. To get all the way to the top in Britain today, you have to be corrupt. [GETON4] b. In Britain only students from the best secondary schools have a good chance to obtain a university education. [GETON5] c. In Britain, only the rich can afford the costs of attending university. [GETON6] d. In Britain people have the same chances to enter university, regardless of their gender or social background. Agree

Neither agree nor disagree Disagree

Strongly disagree

Can't Not choose answered

%

3.2

11.1

23.5

31.9

27.1

1.7

1.5

%

2.3

25.0

20.4

35.9

13.0

1.8

1.6

%

6.2

22.1

21.4

39.8

8.8

0.9

0.8

%

8.9

44.1

17.7

23.6

3.9

1.2

0.6

[Earndesv] 3. Please think now about the amount of money you earn. Would you say that you earn ... If you are not working now, please think about your last job. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Much less than I deserve Less than I deserve What I deserve More than I deserve Much more than I deserve I have never worked Can't choose Not answered

N=1925

% 9.5 39.2 43.6 1.6 0.1 1.0 3.9 1.1

84

4. We would like to know what you think people in these jobs actually earn. Please write in how much you think they usually earn each year before taxes. (Many people are not exactly sure about this, but your best guess will be close enough. This may be difficult, but it is very important, so please try.)

N=1925

Please write in how much they actually earn each year, before tax [JOBPAY2] a. First, about how much do you think a doctor in general practice earns? ....................................................................... [JOBPAY5] b. The chairman of a large national corporation?........................................ [JOBPY12B] c. A shop assistant? .................................................................................... [JOBPAY10] d. An unskilled worker in a factory?............................................................. [JOBPAY11] e. A cabinet minister in the UK government? ..............................................

median: median: median: median: median:

£70,000 £180,000 £12,000 £13,000 £84,000

5. Next, what do you think people in these jobs ought to be paid - how much do you think they should earn each year before taxes, regardless of what they actually get?

N=1925

Please write in how much they should earn each year, before tax [SHDPAY2] a. First, about how much do you think a doctor in general practice should earn? .................................................. [SHDPAY5] b. The chairman of a large national corporation?........................................ [SHDPY12B] c. A shop assistant? .................................................................................... [SHDPAY10] d. An unskilled worker in a factory?............................................................. [SHDPAY11] e. A cabinet minister in the UK government? ..............................................

median: median: median: median: median:

£65,000 £100,000 £16,000 £16,000 £60,000

6. Please show how much you agree or disagree with each of these statements. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE [INCDIFFS] a. Differences in income in Britain are too large. Neither agree nor disagree Disagree 16.8 6.6

N=1925

Strongly agree % 27.3

Agree 45.7

Strongly disagree 1.3

Not Can't answere choose d 1.4 0.9

[INCDIFF] b. It is the responsibility of the government to reduce the differences in income between % people with high incomes and those with low incomes. [UNEMPSOL] c. The government should provide a decent standard of % living for the unemployed. [LESSBENF] d The government should spend less on benefits for the % poor.

17.1

40.0

21.2

15.0

4.0

1.5

1.2

11.1

39.6

26.0

15.6

4.9

1.5

1.3

3.0

14.3

27.1

39.6

12.2

2.5

1.2

85

[HILOWTAX] 7. Do you think people with high incomes should pay a larger share of their income in taxes than those with low incomes, the same share, or a smaller share? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Much larger share Larger The same share Smaller Much smaller share Can't choose Not answered % 20.4 54.3 21.7 0.8 0.0 2.1 0.6

N=958

[TAXHISC2] 8. Generally, how would you describe taxes in Britain today for those with high incomes. Taxes are... PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Much too high Too high About right Too low Much too low Can't choose Not answered % 5.9 19.5 33.6 31.2 6.0 3.1 0.6

N=958

.

9. Is it right or wrong that people with higher incomes can ... PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Neither right nor wrong, Definitely Somewhat mixed Somewhat right right feelings wrong

N=958

Very wrong

Can't choose

Not answere d

[BUYHLTH] a. Buy better health care than people with lower incomes? % [BUYEDUCN] b. Buy better education for their children than people with lower incomes?

18.4

23.5

23.5

17.0

14.9

1.6

1.0

%

19.7

21.5

21.3

17.7

17.0

1.6

1.2

86

10. In all countries, there are differences or even conflicts between different social groups. In your opinion, in Britain how much conflict is there between ... PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Very strong conflicts 6.2 Not very strong conflicts 49.5 There are no conflicts 6.6

N=958

Strong conflicts 32.1

Can't choose 4.2

Not answere d 1.4

[CONFLIC1] a. Poor people and rich % people? [CONFLIC2] b. The working class and the % middle class? [CONFLIC4] c. Management and workers? % [CONFLIC7] d. People at the top of society and people at the bottom? %

2.0 4.3

18.9 35.0

61.1 50.6

12.1 4.0

4.0 3.7

1.9 2.4

10.8

42.7

35.6

4.6

4.3

1.9

[SOCSCALE] 11. In our society there are groups which tend to be towards the top and groups which tend to be towards the bottom. Below is a scale that runs from top to bottom. Where would you put yourself on this scale? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Top

N=958

% 0.4 1.7 5.3 11.5 31.8 19.5 12.4 10.1 3.0 Bottom Not answered 2.0 2.3

[SOCSCL10] 12. And if you think about the family you grew up in, where did they fit in then? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Top

N=958 % 0.6 1.4 4.7 10.7 24.3 18.2 16.4 12.9 5.8

Bottom Not answered

2.4 2.6

87

[RJOBFJOB] 13. Please think of your present job (or your last one if you don't have one now). If you compare this job with the job your father had when you were 16, would you say that the level or status of your job is (or was) ... PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Much higher than your father's Higher About equal Lower Much lower than your father's I have never had a job Can't choose or does not apply Not answered % 12.0 27.4 28.2 16.0 7.4 0.8 6.9 1.2

N=958

14. In deciding how much people ought to earn, how important should each of these things be, in your opinion? [DPAYRESP] a. First, the amount of responsibility that goes with the job - how important do you think that ought to be in deciding pay? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not important at all Can't choose Not answered [DPAYEDUC] b. The number of years spent in education and training? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not important at all Can't choose Not answered [DPAYFAM] c. What is needed to support a family? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not important at all Can't choose Not answered % 16.8 42.2 26.8 8.3 1.6 2.9 1.3 % 10.3 33.8 40.6 11.2 2.3 1.4 0.4 % 20.1 54.4 22.0 1.2 0.3 1.6 0.4

N=958

88

[DPAYCHLD] d. Whether the person has children to support - how important should that be in deciding pay? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not important at all Can't choose Not answered [DPAYWELL] e. How well he or she does the job - how important should that be in deciding pay? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not important at all Can't choose Not answered [DPAYHARD] f. How hard he or she works at the job? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Essential Very important Fairly important Not very important Not important at all Can't choose Not answered % 19.6 56.0 20.6 1.4 0.6 1.0 0.8 % 20.7 54.4 20.2 2.2 0.8 1.3 0.4 % 7.1 22.1 29.2 24.6 14.3 2.1 0.5

[EARNFAIR] 15 Is your pay fair? We are not asking about how much you would like to earn ­ but what you feel is fair given your skills and effort. Is your pay ... IF NOT WORKING NOW, PLEASE TELL ABOUT YOUR LAST JOB. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Much less than is fair A little less than is fair About fair for me A little more than is fair Much more than is fair I have never had a job Can't choose Not answered % 9.3 33.2 45.7 4.2 0.7 0.9 4.2 1.7

N=958

89

16 These five diagrams show different types of society. Please read the descriptions and look at the diagrams below.

N=1925

Type A A small elite at the top, very few people in the middle and the great mass of people at the bottom.

Type B A society like a pyramid with a small elite at the top, more people in the middle, and most at the bottom.

Type C A pyramid except that just a few people are at the bottom.

Type D A society with most people in the middle.

Type E Many people near the top, and only a few near the bottom.

[SOCDIAG1] a. First, what type of society is Britain today ­ which diagram comes closest? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Type A Type B Type C Type D Type E Can't choose Not answered % 14.6 39.7 19.1 19.7 3.3 2.9 0.8

[SOCDIAG2] b. What do you think Britain ought to be like ­ which would you prefer? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Type A Type B Type C Type D Type E Can't choose Not answered % 0.9 6.6 15.0 57.6 15.1 3.9 0.9

90

[NUMBOOK] 17. About how many books were there around your family's house when you were 16 years old? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY None 1 or 2 Around 10 Around 20 Around 50 Around 100 Around 200 Around 500 1000 or more Can't say / can't remember Not answered % 2.3 7.9 12.6 18.3 19.4 14.4 8.6 4.6 3.2 8.0 0.6

N=958

[SUBCLASS] 18. Most people see themselves as belonging to a particular class. Please tell me which social class you would say you belong to? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Lower class Working class Lower middle class Middle class Upper middle class Upper class Can't choose Not answered % 2.6 37.2 17.7 33.2 4.0 0.3 4.3 0.7

N=958

91

[WLTHHSE] 19. The next few questions are about the things you and your immediate family own. About how much money would be left over if the home you live in was sold, and any debts on it, such as a mortgage or personal loan, were paid off? Please give your best estimate. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Just debts £1-£29,999 £30,000-£59,999 £60,000-£89,999 £90,000-£119,999 £120,000-£159,999 £160,000-£199,999 £200,000-£399,999 £400,000-£699,999 £700,000-£999,999 £1,000,000 or more I do not own a home Can't choose Not answered [WLTHSAV] 20. About how much money would be left if you converted to cash all savings, stocks, or bonds you and your immediate family own, and then paid off any personal debts you have (not including any home loan)? Please give your best estimate. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Just debts Nothing £1-£14,999 £15,000-£24,999 £25,000-£49,999 £50,000-£79,999 £80,000-£119,999 £120,000-£199,999 £200,000-£299,999 £300,000-£499,999 £500,000-£699,999 £700,000 or more Can't choose Not answered % 6.9 15.1 17.3 6.6 6.0 5.0 4.4 3.7 2.4 2.6 1.2 1.3 23.8 3.9 % 5.0 11.1 7.3 6.0 5.9 8.2 6.2 10.4 2.5 1.0 0.5 16.9 15.3 3.6

N=958

N=958

92

[FTYPEJO2] 21. Here is a list of different types of job. Which type of job did your father have when you were 16? IF YOUR FATHER WAS NOT WORKING WHEN YOU WERE 16 PLEASE ANSWER ABOUT THE LAST JOB HE HAD BEFORE THEN PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Professional and technical (for example: doctor, teacher, engineer, artist, accountant, nurse) Manager or administrator (for example: company director, manager, executive officer, local authority officer) Clerical (for example: clerk, secretary) Sales (for example: commercial traveler, shop assistant, shop owner) Service (for example: restaurant owner, waitress, barber) Skilled manual work (for example: plumber, electrician, train driver, fitter, tool maker) Semi-skilled or unskilled manual work (for example: labourer, porter, cleaner, machine operative, building worker, painter or decorator Farm worker Farmer or farm manager Father never had a job No father/father not present Can't say/can't remember Not answered [MTYPEJO2] 22. Which type of job did your mother have when you were 16? IF YOUR MOTHER WAS NOT WORKING WHEN YOU WERE 16 PLEASE ANSWER ABOUT THE LAST JOB SHE HAD BEFORE THEN PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Professional and technical (for example: doctor, teacher, engineer, artist, accountant, nurse) Manager or administrator (for example: company director, manager, executive officer, local authority officer) Clerical (for example: clerk, secretary) Sales (for example: commercial traveler, shop assistant, shop owner) Service (for example: restaurant owner, waitress, barber) Skilled manual work (for example: plumber, electrician, train driver, fitter, tool maker) Semi-skilled or unskilled manual work (for example: labourer, porter, cleaner, machine operative, building worker, painter or decorator Farm worker Farmer or farm manager Mother never had a job No mother/mother not present Can't say/can't remember Not answered

N=958

% 12.9 12.9 3.6 6.4 2.6 22.2

21.6 2.9 2.8 1.3 4.7 4.5 1.6

N=958

% 9.2 3.5 12.6 10.7 7.2 3.1

18.6 0.7 0.6 23.6 2.0 6.3 1.8

93

[R1TYPEJ2] 23. Which type of job did you have in your first job after leaving full time education? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Professional and technical (for example: doctor, teacher, engineer, artist, accountant, nurse) Manager or administrator (for example: company director, manager, executive officer, local authority officer) Clerical (for example: clerk, secretary) Sales (for example: commercial traveler, shop assistant, shop owner) Service (for example: restaurant owner, waitress, barber) Skilled manual work (for example: plumber, electrician, train driver, fitter, tool maker) Semi-skilled or unskilled manual work (for example: labourer, porter, cleaner, machine operative, building worker, painter or decorator Farm worker Farmer or farm manager I have never had a job Can't say/can't remember Not answered

N=958 % 19.0 2.4 18.9 12.4 9.0 10.4

17.5 2.7 1.5 3.7 2.5

[RTYPEJO2] 24. Which type of job do you have now in your current job? IF NOT WORKING NOW, PLEASE TELL ABOUT YOUR LAST JOB. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Professional and technical (for example: doctor, teacher, engineer, artist, accountant, nurse) Manager or administrator (for example: company director, manager, executive officer, local authority officer) Clerical (for example: clerk, secretary) Sales (for example: commercial traveler, shop assistant, shop owner) Service (for example: restaurant owner, waitress, barber) Skilled manual work (for example: plumber, electrician, train driver, fitter, tool maker) Semi-skilled or unskilled manual work (for example: labourer, porter, cleaner, machine operative, building worker, painter or decorator Farm worker Farmer or farm manager I have never had a job Can't say/can't remember Not answered

N=958

% 23.9 14.0 12.2 8.7 4.3 9.8

15.7 0.6 0.3 1.6 5.5 3.3

94

[SingMum3] 25. Thinking about a single mother with a child under school age. Which one of these statements comes closest to your view? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY She has a special duty to go out to work to support her child She has a special duty to stay at home to look after her child She should do as she chooses, like everyone else Can't choose Not answered [SMumSch3] 26. And what about a single mother with a child of school age? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY She has a special duty to go out to work to support her child She has a special duty to stay at home to look after her child She should do as she chooses, like everyone else Can't choose Not answered [CoupMum3] 27. Now think about a married mother with a child under school age. Which one of these statements comes closest to your view? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY She has a special duty to go out to work to support her child She has a special duty to stay at home to look after her child She should do as she chooses, like everyone else Can't choose Not answered [CMumSch3] 28. And what about a married mother with a child of school age? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY She has a special duty to go out to work to support her child She has a special duty to stay at home to look after her child She should do as she chooses, like everyone else Can't choose Not answered

N=1925

% 19.3 31.9 40.6 7.3 0.9

N=1925

% 61.3 5.3 27.7 4.9 0.8

N=1925

% 11.8 33.7 48.6 5.5 0.5

N=1925

% 35.4 8.7 50.7 4.6 0.6

95

29. Please tick one box for each statement to show how much you agree or disagree with it. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE [CREDPLAN] a. Credit makes it easier for people to plan their finances Agree strongly Neither agree nor Disagree disagree Disagree strongly

N=2942 Not Can't answere choose d

Agree

%

1.9

27.4

22.1

33.6

9.3

1.9

3.7

[BOROHARD] b. It should be made much harder to borrow money even if this means that more people % can't get credit [CREDSPND] c. Credit encourages people to spend far more money than % they can really afford to

11.6

47.8

20.2

14.5

1.3

1.5

3.1

41.0

46.7

6.6

2.7

0.6

0.6

1.8

[CpIndNCh] 30. Think of a couple living together without children who are both unemployed. Which one of these statements comes closest to your view about how their unemployment benefits should be paid? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY They should get paid as a couple, meaning only one of them is required to look for work OR They should get paid as two individuals, meaning both of them are required to look for work Can't choose Not answered

N=2942

% 11.6

83.0

5.0 0.5

[CpIndUSc] 31. What if they had children under school age. What would your view be about how their unemployment benefits should be paid? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY They should get paid as a couple, meaning only one of them is required to look for work OR They should get paid as two individuals, meaning both of them are required to look for work Can't choose Not answered

N=2942

% 67.8

26.0

5.7 0.6

96

[CpIndSch] 32. And what if the children were of school age. What would your view be then? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY They should get paid as a couple, meaning only one of them is required to look for work OR They should get paid as two individuals, meaning both of them are required to look for work Can't choose Not answered

N=2942 % 32.9

59.8

6.7 0.6

33. Think of a person who can't find a job at the moment. Do you think there are any circumstances where it would be right to limit this person's access to unemployment benefits? Please read through all the options before choosing. YES, it would be right to limit someone's access to unemployment benefits if: PLEASE TICK ALL THAT APPLY They had enough savings or private insurance to look after themselves They were not actively looking for work They had worked ever since leaving full-time education, but they were a low earner so they had not paid much in taxes They had not paid much in taxes because they were bringing up children They had not paid much in taxes because they were unemployed for a long time They had not paid much in taxes because they gave up work to care for a sick or elderly relative They had not paid much in taxes because they were not born in Britain, but settled here more than 2 years ago They had not paid much in taxes because they had recently come to Britain hoping to find work here Some other reason (PLEASE WRITE IN) NO, it would never be right to limit access to unemployment benefits Can't choose Not answered % 29.7 77.1 4.4

N=2942

[UBAM1] [UBAM2] [UBAM3]

3.2

[UBAM4]

16.4

[UBAM5]

3.5

[UBAM6]

26.7

[UBAM7]

46.0 1.5 4.7 4.1 4.1

[UBAM8] [UBAM9] [UBAM10]

97

[SchJudg] 34. Which of the following statements comes closest to your view... PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY ...schools should only be judged on how well they teach subjects in the curriculum, such as English, Maths, Music, Art etc... OR ...schools should also be judged on how well they teach children skills for life, such as social skills, developing self-esteem and how to live a healthy lifestyle, even if this means that less emphasis will be given to judging curriculum subjects. Can't choose Not answered [RespPri] 35. How much responsibility do you think primary schools should have for the personal and social development of children? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY The main responsibility OR Shared equally with the home OR Less responsibility than the home Can't choose Not answered [RespSec] 36. How much responsibility do you think secondary schools should have for the personal and social development of children? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY The main responsibility OR Shared equally with the home OR Less responsibility than the home Can't choose Not answered

N=2942 % 19.5

71.7

7.9 0.8

N=2942 % 5.5 70.9 21.1 1.8 0.8

N=2942 % 6.3 73.4 18.5 1.4 0.4

98

37. How much do you agree or disagree with each of these statements about secondary schooling? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Agree strongly Agree [SecSchl1] a. Formal exams are the best way of % 5.7 36.8 judging the ability of pupils. [SecSchl4] b. So much attention is given to exam results % 9.1 52.0 that a pupil's everyday classroom work counts for too little. [SecSchl5] c. Schools focus too much on tests and exams and not enough on learning for % 13.7 50.2 its own sake.

N=2942 Neither Not agree nor Disagree Can't answere disagree Disagree strongly choose d

22.0

26.1

3.8

1.9

3.8

18.3

13.4

0.9

2.4

3.8

18.5

10.7

1.0

2.5

3.4

38. Some organisations provide help or advice to couples with their relationship. This could include relationship counselling, someone to speak to for advice or providing leaflets giving information about relationships. These services could be accessed face-to-face, over the telephone or via the internet. How much do you agree or disagree with the following statements about such help with relationships? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE [RelSup1] a. Seeking outside help or advice with relationships in this way can be a useful way for couples to % resolve issues in their relationship. [RelSup2] b. Couples experiencing problems in their relationship should always seek such help to resolve their % difficulties before splitting up. Neither agree nor Disagree disagree Disagree strongly

N=2942

Agree strongly

Agree

Can't Not choose answered

12.4

63.1

14.5

3.4

0.8

2.7

3.1

12.6

43.0

26.8

10.3

1.4

2.9

3.1

99

39. In the last twelve months, have you or a close family member or close friend PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Yes, not me but close Yes, family member just me or friend [NHSDOC2] a. visited an NHS GP? % 20.1 17.1 [NHSOUTP2] b. been an out-patient in an NHS % 18.8 30.1 hospital? [NHSINP2] c. been an in-patient in an NHS % 9.7 25.2 hospital? [PRDNUSS2] d. had any dental treatment as a % 11.0 12.5 private patient? [NHDNUSS2] e. had any dental treatment as an NHS patient? [AETREAT] f. had any medical treatment at an NHS accident and emergency department? [NDIRUSE] g. used NHS Direct (NHS 24 in Scotland) ­ the telephone or internet advice service?

N=2942

Yes, both me and close family member or friend 56.6 19.4

No, neither 3.7 26.6

Not answere d 2.5 5.2

5.8

50.4

8.9

13.3

55.0

8.2

%

17.9

17.8

26.8

32.5

5.1

%

10.7

22.3

6.3

55.6

5.1

%

10.0

15.9

7.9

60.6

5.7

[NHSDIOG] h. used NHS diagnostic services, for example x-rays, scans, hearing % tests or heart tests?

17.9

26.1

13.2

38.6

4.2

100

40. There are different ways of paying for road use. One way is to charge people a set amount of road tax regardless of how much they use the roads. Another way is to charge people according to how much they use roads, which roads they use and when they use them. Please tick one box for each of these statements to show how much you agree or disagree. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE [BRPYMR] a. People who drive on busy roads should pay more to use the % roads than people who drive on quiet roads [BTPYMR] b. People who drive at the busiest times should pay more to % use the roads than people who drive at other times [BTNOALT] c. People who drive at busy times only do so because they have no % other alternative [CMPLCHRG] d. It is too complicated to charge drivers different amounts % depending on when and where they drive Neither agree nor Agree disagree Disagree

N=2942

Agree strongly

Not Disagree Can't answere strongly choose d

3.1

14.1

18.5

43.5

15.0

3.6

2.2

3.2

14.4

16.4

45.3

14.9

3.5

2.2

12.8

47.5

18.2

12.9

3.4

3.0

2.2

23.9

45.6

13.9

9.2

2.8

3.6

1.2

41. Please tick one box for each of these statements to show how much you agree or disagree. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Neither Agree agree nor Disagree strongly Agree disagree Disagree strongly [CARWALK2] a. Many of the journeys of less than two miles % that I now make by car I could just as easily walk [CARBUS2] b. Many of the journeys of less than two miles thatI now make by car I % could just as easily go by bus [CARBIKE2] c. Many of the journeys of less than two miles that I now make by car I % could just as easily cycle, if I had a bike

N=2942 I never/ rarely travel by car for less than 2 miles

Not Can't answere choose d

6.5

34.6

10.4

21.1

5.3

16.7

3.5

2.0

4.5

27.0

11.2

28.7

10.0

13.0

3.4

2.3

6.9

34.1

10.4

21.7

7.9

12.3

4.2

2.5

101

[SHRTJRN] 42. How many journeys of less than two miles do you make by car in a typical week? PLEASE WRITE IN : Median: Or tick here if you never travel by car Not answered 2 % 12.1 6.5 Journeys

N=2942

43. Now some questions about air travel. Please tick one box for each statement to show how much you agree or disagree. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX Neither ON EACH LINE Agree agree nor strongly Agree disagree Disagree [PLNALLOW] a. People should be able to travel by plane as much as % 11.6 52.5 21.7 8.1 they like [PLNTERM] b. People should be able to travel by plane as much as they like, even if new % 5.6 35.9 28.5 20.6 terminals or runways are needed to meet the demand [PLNENVT] c. People should be able to travel by plane as much as 2.9 17.5 31.9 34.9 they like, even if this harms the % environment [PLNUPPRI] d. The price of a plane ticket should reflect the environmental damage that flying causes, even if this makes air travel much more expensive

N=958

Disagree strongly

Can't Not choose answered

1.3

2.9

2.0

3.8

3.5

2.0

7.4

3.5

2.1

%

7.7

36.8

24.9

20.7

4.6

3.7

1.5

102

44. Please tick one box for each of these statements to N=958 show how much you agree or disagree. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX Not Neither ON EACH LINE agree nor Disagree Can't answere Agree d strongly Agree disagree Disagree strongly choose [CARTAXHI] a. For the sake of the environment, % 2.3 13.9 20.4 46.3 13.0 2.6 1.4 car users should pay higher taxes [MOTORWAY] b. The government should build more motorways to reduce traffic % 5.9 31.1 28.0 26.4 4.6 2.4 1.6 congestion [BUILDTRA] c. Building more roads just % 5.3 34.4 26.3 26.7 2.7 2.8 1.8 encourages more traffic [CARALLOW] d. People should be allowed to use their cars as much as they like, % 3.9 19.8 38.6 27.7 4.6 3.6 1.8 even if it causes damage to the environment [CARREDUC] e. For the sake of the environment everyone should reduce how much % 10.0 47.9 23.7 10.9 2.8 2.8 2.0 they use their cars [CARNODIF] f. Anyone who thinks that reducing their own car use will help the % environment is wrong ­ one person doesn't make any difference [CARENVDC] g. People who drive cars that are better for the environment should pay less to use the roads than % people whose cars are more harmful to the environment 2.5 18.3 21.7 39.8 12.6 2.9 2.3

11.7

51.2

18.4

10.3

3.2

3.1

2.2

45. Thinking of people's chances of doing well in life, at school and at work, how much do you agree or disagree with the following statements? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Agree strongly [INCOPP1] a. People in Britain today have similar opportunities regardless of % their income. [INCOPP2] b. Children from better off families have many more opportunities than % children from less well-off families. [INCOPP3] c. There can never be equal opportunities in a society where % some people have higher incomes than others. Agree

N=1925

Neither agree nor Disagree disagree Disagree strongly

Can't choose

Not answere d

2.0

25.0

16.8

45.4

7.3

1.5

2.0

18.2

61.9

10.9

5.6

0.8

1.0

1.6

12.0

49.6

17.5

15.1

2.2

1.8

1.8

103

[EQUALOPP] 46. Please say how much you agree or disagree with the following statement. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Agree strongly % In a fair society, every person should have an equal opportunity to % get ahead. 33.9 Neither agree nor Agree disagree Disagree % % % 60.0 3.1 0.7

N=958

Disagree strongly % 0.2

Can't Not choose answered % % 0.9 1.2

[ReadPaSC] 47. How often do you read a newspaper - every day, a few times a week, once a week, less than once a week, or never? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Every day A few times a week Once a week Less than once a week Never Can't choose Not answered % 36.1 23.7 14.5 14.6 9.5 0.4 1.3

N=958

[TVHrsSC] 48. On an average day (including the evening), about how many hours do you personally watch television? PLEASE WRITE IN (between 0 and 24 hours): median: 3 % Or tick here if you never watch television Not answered 2.2 2.5 hours

N=958

[PeopTrs2] 49. Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in life? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Most people can be trusted OR Can't be too careful Can't choose Not answered 55.5 6.3 1.3 % 36.9

N=958

104

Now there are some questions about immigrants from Non-western countries. By Non-western immigrants we mean asylum seekers and other immigrants from Asia, Africa, South America and the Caribbean. Asylum seekers and other immigrants from Non-western countries... include immigrants from... Asia Africa South America The Caribbean do not include immigrants from... North America Australia / New Zealand Western Europe Eastern Europe - Poland, Ukraine etc.

[ImmNeig] 50. How much would you favour or oppose living in an area where half your neighbours were immigrants from Non-western countries? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Strongly favour Favour Neither favour nor oppose Oppose Strongly oppose Can't choose Not answered % 1.5 5.9 49.3 21.6 15.8 4.1 1.8

N=958

[ImmLazy] 51. Now a question about characteristics of non-western immigrants. Please answer on scale from 1 to 7 where 1 means that you think almost all in this group tend to be "hard working" and 7 means that you think almost everyone in this group tend to be "lazy". A score of 4 means that you think that the group is not towards one end or another. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY

N=958

Hardworking 1 % 3.6

2 6.8

3 19.6

4 34.3

5 11.5

6 4.4

Lazy Can't 7 choose 3.0 14.8

Not answered 2.2

[ImmSupp] 52. Answering the same way. Do immigrants from Non-western countries tend to prefer to be self-supporting or do they tend to prefer to live off social benefits? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Selfsupporting 1 2 % 5.5 7.9

N=958

3 15.8

4 20.1

5 13.0

Live off social benefits Can't Not 6 7 choose answered 13.0 7.5 15.1 2.1

105

[EqRDisab] 53. Overall, do you think attempts to give equal rights to disabled people have gone too far or not gone far enough? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Gone too far About right Not gone far enough Can't choose Not answered % 6.5 53.9 30.6 7.9 1.1 N=2942

[HRDisab] 54. How important or unimportant do you think it is that the human rights of disabled people are protected by the government in the same way as other people? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Very important Fairly important Not very important Not at all important Can't choose Not answered % 55.4 36.7 1.5 0.6 4.1 1.7

N=958

106

[RfJbAge] 55a. How often do you think that employers in Britain refuse a job to an applicant only because he or she is aged over 50? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY A lot Sometimes Hardly ever Can't choose Not answered [RgrfJbAg] b. Do you think they would be right or wrong to refuse a job to an applicant only because he or she is aged over 50? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Always right Usually right Neither right nor wrong Usually wrong Always wrong Can't choose Not answered [RfJbYong] c. And how often do you think that employers in Britain refuse a job to an applicant only because he or she is aged under 25? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY A lot Sometimes Hardly ever Can't choose Not answered [RgrfJbYo] d. Do you think they would be right or wrong to refuse a managerial job to an applicant only because he or she is aged under 25? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Always right Usually right Neither right nor wrong Usually wrong Always wrong Can't choose Not answered % 1.1 15.4 31.3 31.3 13.6 6.1 1.2 % 9.9 52.7 28.3 8.0 1.1 % 0.2 3.8 14.8 46.5 30.0 3.6 1.1 % 41.2 46.1 4.5 7.0 1.2

N=2942

107

56 Please tick one box on each line to show how much you agree or disagree with each of these statements: PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE [EarlyRet] a. Older people should be encouraged to retire earlier to reduce unemployment. [OldJobOp] b. Employers give too few opportunities to older people when recruiting. Agree strongly Neither agree nor disagree Disagree strongly

N=2942 Not answere d

Agree

Disagree

Can't choose

%

2.4

12.5

21.0

48.7

12.7

1.3

1.5

%

7.5

53.9

25.4

6.7

1.3

2.9

2.2

57. Please tick one box on each line to show how much you agree or disagree with each of these statements. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Neither agree nor disagree

N=2942

Strongly agree [DisNtEff] a. In general, people with disabilities cannot be as effective at work as people without disabilities [DisNoAll] b. Employers should not make special allowances for people with disabilities [OldAlw] c. Employers should not make special allowances for older people.

Agree

Disagree

Strongly disagree

Can't choose

Not answere d

%

1.5

20.4

26.9

37.9

8.9

2.9

1.6

%

1.5

13.4

19.7

51.7

9.9

1.8

1.9

%

1.2

22.9

25.2

39.9

6.5

2.1

2.1

[PdJobSc] 58. Are you currently in paid work for at least 10 hours a week? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Yes % 57.7

N=2942

PLEASE ANSWER QUESTION 59 PLEASE GO TO QUESTION 65

No Not answered

40.3

2.1

108

PLEASE ANSWER IF YOU ARE CURRENTLY IN PAID WORK FOR AT LEAST 10 HOURS A WEEK [EmploySC] 59. Are you an employee or self-employed? (If you have several jobs, please answer about your main job.) PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Employee % 85.5 PLEASE ANSWER QUESTIONS 60 to 64 PLEASE GO TO QUESTION 65 N=1596

Self-employed Not answered

13.9 0.6

PLEASE ANSWER QUESTIONS 60 ­ 64 IF YOU ARE AN EMPLOYEE 60. Do you agree, or disagree, with the following statement about working at your present workplace? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX Neither ON EACH LINE Agree agree nor strongly Agree disagree [SafeJob] a. I feel there will be a job for me where I work now for as % 14.0 45.8 17.4 long as I want it [WellInf] b. People at my workplace usually feel well-informed about % 8.0 45.6 16.6 what is happening there N=1370 Not answere d

Disagree

Disagree strongly

Can't choose

16.2

4.5

1.0

1.3

20.1

6.3

0.5

2.9

61. Thinking now about the management at your workplace. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Neither Agree agree nor Disagree Management at my workplace ... strongly Agree disagree Disagree strongly [ManRelKp] a... can be relied upon to keep % 5.4 38.9 26.8 21.5 5.1 their promises [ManRelUn] b... are sincere in attempting to % 6.9 46.9 21.5 18.2 4.3 understand employees' views [ManRelHo] c.... deal with employees % 7.1 45.1 23.9 17.8 3.8 honestly

N=1370

Can't choose 0.7

Not answere d 1.6

0.7

1.5

1.0

1.3

109

62. Overall, how good would you say that managers at your workplace are at ... PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Very good Good [GManView] a... seeking the views of employees or employee % 9.0 44.8 representatives? [GManResp] b ... responding to suggestions from employees % 8.6 42.6 or employee representatives? [GManInfl] c ... allowing employees to % 4.5 28.7 influence final decisions?

N=1370

Neither good nor poor

Poor

Very poor

Can't choose

Not answere d

22.1

16.3

5.0

1.6

1.0

22.7

17.9

5.4

1.4

1.4

30.2

23.7

9.1

2.4

1.2

63. How good do you think your employer is at keeping you informed about ... PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Very good [InfFEmp] a. Plans for future employment in % 14.4 your organisation [InfFPer] b. The financial performance of the % 20.1 organisation [InFTrain] c. Training opportunities for you to % 20.0 advance your career [InfLegal] d. Your legal rights at work % 13.3

N=1370 Not answere d 1.5

Fairly good 49.5

Not very Not at all good good 22.6 9.2

Can't choose 2.9

43.7

21.3

8.5

5.0

1.4

43.5 45.6

21.6 22.7

9.9 12.1

3.2 4.7

1.8 1.7

64. Please tick one box on each line to show how much you agree or disagree with each of these statements: PLEASE TICK ONE BOX Neither ON EACH LINE Agree agree nor Disagree strongly Agree disagree Disagree strongly [EnjoyPdW] a.All things considered, I would enjoy having some paid work % 11.4 51.3 16.7 12.1 4.1 beyond the age of 65. [EnjoyCJB] b.All things considered, I would enjoy working in my current job % 7.2 28.2 19.0 28.8 12.5 beyond the age of 65.

N=1370

Can't Not choose answered

3.5

0.9

3.1

1.2

110

EVERYONE PLEASE ANSWER 65. Please tick one box for each statement below to show how much you agree or disagree with it. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE [Redistrb] a. Government should redistribute income from the better-off to those who are less well off [BigBusnN] b. Big business benefits owners at the expense of workers [Wealth] c. Ordinary working people do not get their fair share of the nation's wealth [RichLaw] d. There is one law for the rich and one for the poor [Indust4] e. Management will always try to get the better of employees if it gets the chance N=2942

Agree strongly

Agree

Neither agree nor Disagree Not disagree Disagree strongly answered

%

7.5

29.0

26.9

28.9

5.5

2.3

%

9.5

44.9

27.1

14.1

1.8

2.6

%

11.0

48.6

24.4

13.0

0.8

2.2

%

16.0

39.9

21.8

17.4

2.9

2.0

%

11.8

40.7

26.1

17.2

1.9

2.3

66. Please tick one box for each statement below to show how much you agree or disagree with it. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE [TradVals] a. Young people today don't have enough respect for traditional British values. [StifSent] b. People who break the law should be given stiffer sentences. [DeathApp] c. For some crimes, the death penalty is the most appropriate sentence. [Obey] d. Schools should teach children to obey authority. [WrongLaw] e. The law should always be obeyed, even if a particular law is wrong. [Censor] f. Censorship of films and magazines is necessary to uphold moral standards.

N=2942

Agree strongly % 25.4

Agree 50.2

Neither agree nor Disagree Not disagree Disagree strongly answered 15.6 6.8 0.5 1.6

%

38.3

43.3

12.5

3.9

0.4

1.6

%

29.0

26.1

13.6

17.0

12.6

1.8

%

29.1

51.5

12.8

3.7

0.9

1.9

%

9.3

32.0

32.8

21.3

2.6

2.0

%

18.2

44.1

18.5

12.6

4.7

1.9

111

[QTime] 67a. To help us plan better in future, please tell us about how long it took you to complete this questionnaire. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Less than 15 minutes Between 15 and 20 minutes Between 21 and 30 minutes Between 31 and 45 minutes Between 46 and 60 minutes Over one hour Not answered [QDate] b. And on what date did you fill in the questionnaire? PLEASE WRITE IN: DATE MONTH 2009 % 14.1 33.5 26.0 14.9 5.9 4.0 1.7 N=2942

68. And lastly just a few details about yourself. [RSexChck] a. Are you .... Male Female [RAgeChck] b. What was your age last birthday? PLEASE WRITE IN: YEARS

112

BRITISH SOCIAL ATTITUDES 2009 SELF-COMPLETION QUESTIONNAIRE VERSION B

113

[INEQRICH] 1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Strongly agree Inequality continues to exist because it benefits the rich and powerful. % 11.0 Agree 36.3 Neither agree nor disagree 28.7

N=967

Disagree 16.6

Strongly disagree 2.8

Can't choose 2.1

Not answere d 2.4

NOTE:

Questions 2 to 5 are the same as questions 3 and 6 on version A. Question 6 is the same as question 16 on version A. Questions 7 to 24 are the same as questions 25 to 42 on version A.

25. Here are some things that could be done about traffic in residential streets that are not main roads. Please tick one box for each to show whether you would be in favour or not in favour. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Strongly in favour [RESCLOSE] a.Closing residential streets % to through traffic [RES20MPH] b.Having speed limits of 20 miles per hour in residential % streets [RESBUMPS] c.Having speed bumps to % slow down traffic in residential streets 7.5 In favour 29.1 Neither in favour nor against Against 24.3 28.4

N=967

Strongly against 6.4

Can't choose 1.8

Not answered 2.3

23.4

49.1

11.8

9.3

3.3

1.4

1.8

13.8

30.4

11.2

26.4

15.1

1.0

2.1

26. Please tick one box for each of these statements to show how much you agree or disagree. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Agree strongly [DDNODRV] a.If someone has drunk any alcohol % they should not drive [DD5YBAN] b.Anyone caught drink-driving should % be banned for at least five years [DDNKLMT] c.Most people don't know how much alcohol they can drink before % being over the legal drink-drive limit 58.5 Neither agree nor Disagree disagree Disagree strongly 6.5 8.4 0.7

N=967

Agree 24.2

Can't Not choose answered 0.3 1.5

44.1

27.3

11.7

13.4

1.3

0.2

1.9

27.3

49.8

5.8

11.8

2.6

0.9

1.8

NOTE:

Question 27 is the same as question 45 on version A.

114

[EQUALOP2] 28. Please say how much you agree or disagree with the following statement. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Agree strongly In a fair society, some people should have more opportunity than others to get ahead. % 2.8 Agree 15.9

N=967

Neither agree nor Disagree Can't Not disagree Disagree strongly choose answered 24.3 45.5 8.2 1.7 1.5

29. Generally, how would you describe taxes in Britain today? [TAXHISC] note: this (part a) is similar to Q 8 on VA a. First, for those with high incomes, are taxes ... PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY ... much too high, too high, about right, too low, or, are they much too low? Can't choose Not answered [TAXMIDSC] b. Next, for those with middle incomes, are taxes ... PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY ... much too high, too high, about right, too low, or, are they much too low? Can't choose Not answered [TAXLOWSC] c. Lastly, for those with low incomes, are taxes ... PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY ... much too high, too high, about right, too low, or, are they much too low? Can't choose Not answered % 6.5 36.0 48.1 3.8 0.1 3.9 1.6 % 6.9 18.2 36.9 28.5 4.1 3.9 1.6

N=967

% 20.8 50.9 21.2 1.8 0.3 3.3 1.7

115

30. Do you personally tend to think of disabled people in general in the following ways: PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE [RThDsWa2] a... as getting in the way? [RThDsAw2] b... with discomfort and awkwardness? [RThDsCa2] c... as needing to be cared for? [RThDsSa2] d... as the same as everyone else? [RThDsPrd] e....as not as productive as non-disabled people? % % % % %

N=1984

Most of the time 0.5 1.6 17.1 48.1 4.4

Some of the time 6.3 14.1 54.9 33.5 31.7

Hardly ever 23.7 29.6 12.7 7.9 26.6

Never 64.6 48.8 9.8 6.1 32.2

Not answered 4.9 5.8 5.5 4.4 5.2

NOTE:

Question 31 is the same as question 53 on version A. Questions 32 to 41 are the same as questions 55 to 64 on version A.

EVERYONE PLEASE ANSWER 42. Please tick one box for each statement to show how much you agree or disagree with it. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Agree strongly [WelfHelp] a.The welfare state encourages people to stop helping each other [MoreWelf] b. The government should spend more money on welfare benefits for the poor, even if it leads to higher taxes [UnempJob] c. Around here, most unemployed people could find a job if they really wanted one [SocHelp] d. Many people who get social security don't really deserve any help [DoleFidl] e. Most people on the dole are fiddling in one way or another [WelfFeet] f.If welfare benefits weren't so generous, people would learn to stand on their own two feet [DamLives] g. Cutting welfare benefits would damage too many people's lives [ProudWlf] h. The creation of the welfare state is one of Britain's proudest achievements % 3.5 Neither Not agree nor Disagre Disagree answere disagree e strongly d 38.2 23.6 1.2 2.6

N=967

Agree 30.9

%

3.0

23.7

28.4

38.2

4.6

2.2

%

10.2

44.7

23.4

18.6

1.7

1.4

%

5.7

27.9

32.8

28.8

2.7

2.0

%

9.5

24.9

35.6

25.2

2.7

2.1

%

11.1

41.5

23.5

19.7

2.6

1.6

%

6.4

40.3

29.3

19.8

2.6

1.7

%

12.0

37.0

33.3

11.8

3.9

2.0

NOTE:

Questions 43 to 46 are the same as questions 65 to 68 on version A.

116

BRITISH SOCIAL ATTITUDES 2009 SELF-COMPLETION QUESTIONNAIRE VERSION C

117

1. Suppose the government ensured that affordable, good quality childcare was available... [SMumGov] a. ...thinking about a single mother with a child under school age. Which one of these statements comes closest to your view? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY She has a special duty to go out to work to support her child She has a special duty to stay at home to look after her child She should do as she chooses, like everyone else Can't choose Not answered [SMSchGov] b. ...and what about a single mother with a child of school age? (Again, suppose the government ensured that affordable, good quality childcare was available). PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY She has a special duty to go out to work to support her child She has a special duty to stay at home to look after her child She should do as she chooses, like everyone else Can't choose Not answered [CMumGov] c. Now think about a married mother with a child under school age. Again, suppose the government ensured that affordable, good quality childcare was available. Which one of these statements comes closest to your view? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY She has a special duty to go out to work to support her child She has a special duty to stay at home to look after her child She should do as she chooses, like everyone else Can't choose Not answered [CMSchGov] d. And what about a married mother with a child of school age? (Again, suppose the government ensured that affordable, good quality childcare was available). PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY She has a special duty to go out to work to support her child She has a special duty to stay at home to look after her child She should do as she chooses, like everyone else Can't choose Not answered % 38.8 8.8 48.3 3.4 0.7 % 57.3 7.9 32.1 2.2 0.6 % 24.1 29.3 43.1 2.7 0.8

N=1017

% 21.0 27.6 48.0 2.6 0.9

NOTE:

Questions 2 to 15 are the same as questions 29 to 42 on version A.

118

16. Please tick one box for each of these statements to show how much you agree or disagree. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE

N=1017

Agree strongly [SpeCamSL] a. Speed cameras save lives [SpeCamMo] b. Speed cameras are mostly there to make money [SpeCamTM] c. There are too many speed cameras [SpeedLim] d. People should drive within the speed limit [SpeCmInc] e. The number of speed cameras should be increased % % 11.7 21.7

Agree 35.1 31.7

Neither agree nor Disagree Can't Not disagree Disagree strongly choose answered 19.3 21.8 21.3 18.3 9.9 2.4 1.3 1.9 1.4 2.3

%

16.3

28.5

26.4

20.5

3.5

2.5

2.4

%

43.1

49.2

4.5

1.3

0.3

0.6

0.9

%

4.9

9.8

28.9

33.1

18.9

2.9

1.5

17. Please tick one box for each of these statements to show how much you agree or disagree. PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE [MobDSafe] a. It is perfectly safe to talk on a hand-held mobile phone while driving [MobDDang] b. All use of mobile phones while driving, including handsfree kits is dangerous [MobDBan] c. All use of mobile phones while driving, including handsfree kits should be banned [MobDLaw] d. The law on using mobile phones whilst driving is not properly enforced Neither Disagre agree nor e Agree disagree Disagree strongly

N=1017

Agree strongly

Can't choose

Not answered

%

3.0

2.7

2.5

31.8

57.8

0.5

1.7

%

24.6

36.2

12.8

18.7

5.7

1.0

0.9

%

23.3

30.1

13.8

23.0

7.0

1.9

1.0

%

33.5

42.6

13.3

6.2

1.7

1.8

0.9

NOTE:

Question 18 is the same as question 30 on version B. Question 19 is the same as question 53 on version A. Questions 20 to 29 are the same as questions 55 to 64 on version A.

119

EVERYONE PLEASE ANSWER [VoteDuty] 30. Which of these statements comes closest to your view about general elections? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY In a general election ... It's not really worth voting People should vote only if they care who wins It's everyone's duty to vote Not answered [RUHappy] 31. If you were to consider your life in general these days, how happy or unhappy would you say you are, on the whole? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Very happy Fairly happy Not very happy Not at all happy Can't choose No answer % 29.7 59.3 7.5 1.2 1.0 1.3 % 17.4 23.3 57.6 1.6 N=1017

N=1017

32. Listed below are some of Britain's institutions. From what you know or have heard about each one, can you say whether, on the whole, you think it is well run or not well run? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE [NHSRun2] a. The National Health Service [PressRn2] b. The press [BankRun2] c. Banks [UnionRn2] d. The trade unions [BBCRun2] e. The BBC [PolicRn2] f. The police

N=1017

Very well run % % % % % % 5.5 3.6 1.2 1.2 4.8 6.0

Well run 48.7 35.0 17.6 33.8 44.6 55.7

Not very Not at all Can't Not well run well run choose answered 33.8 34.5 36.1 27.4 28.3 22.1 8.5 12.1 39.8 8.4 10.5 8.4 2.3 12.3 3.3 25.6 9.9 6.2 1.3 2.5 1.9 3.5 2.0 1.5

120

[LabFavor] 33. How often would you say Labour does favours for people or companies who give the party large sums of money? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Very often Fairly often Not very often Never Can't choose Not answered

N=1017 % 24.4 35.2 14.7 1.6 22.6 1.5

[ConFavor] 34. How often would you say the Conservatives do favours for people or companies who give the party large sums of money? PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ONLY Very often Fairly often Not very often Never Can't choose Not answered

N=1017 % 24.5 33.9 14.9 1.4 24.0 1.3

35. Please tick one box for each statement below to show how much you agree or disagree with it. NOTE: Questions 35a to 35e are the same as questions 65a to 65e on version A.

N=1017

PLEASE TICK ONE BOX ON EACH LINE Agree strongly [PubOwnSt] f. Major public services and industries ought to be in state ownership % 12.9 Agree 27.6

Neither agree nor Disagre Disagree Not disagree e strongly answered 34.9 17.9 4.0 2.7

NOTE:

Questions 36 to 38 are the same as questions 66 to 68 on version A.

121

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