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ASTM E 119-00a Fire Tests Of Building Construction and Materials *Modified SMALL-SCALE TEST OF FIREBLOCKING MATERIALS

Project No. 16094-111638 * At this time, no specific test for evaluating fireblocking exists. According to the 2000 International Building Code, certain wood fireblocking is accepted in combustible concealed locations (i.e. 2 - inch nominal lumber, two thicknesses of 1-inch lumber, 3/4 ­ inch particleboard, among others). The time/temperature curve from the ASTM E 119 test standard was used to compare the performance of currently accepted wood fireblocking materials and cellulose insulation. COMPARATIVE FIRE RESISTANCE TEST OF CELLULOSE INSULATION VERSUS WOOD FIREBLOCKING IN A WOOD STUD WALL

August 28, 2002

Prepared for: Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association 136 South Keowee Street Dayton, OH 45402

ACCREDITED

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This project was undertaken to compare the firestopping abilities of spray-applied cellulose insulation versus spruce-pine-fir wood fireblocking. Small-scale wood stud wall sections were constructed and divided into three sections. The fireblocking materials under evaluation were: two layers of 1 x 4 lumber, sprayapplied cellulose insulation at a depth of 14-1/2", and one layer of 2 x 4 or 2 x 6 lumber. The wall sections were mounted in slots in a horizontal test frame, and the ASTM E 119 time/temperature curve was followed for a period of 60 minutes. The temperatures on the unexposed surface of the cellulose insulation remained well below those on the unexposed surface of the wood fireblocking throughout the test.

This report and the information contained herein is for the exclusive use of the client named herein. Omega Point Laboratories, Inc. authorizes the client to reproduce this report only i f reproduced in its entirety. The description of the test procedure, as well as the observations and results obtained, contained herein are true and accurate within the limits of sound engineering practice. These results apply only for the specimens tested, in the manner tested, and may not represent the performance of other specimens from the same or other production lots nor of the performance when used in combination with other materials. The test specimen identification i s as provided by the client and Omega Point Laboratories, Inc. accepts no responsibility for any inaccuracies therein. Omega Point did not select the specimen and has not verified the composition, manufacturing techniques or quality assurance procedures. This report does not imply certification of the product by Omega Point Laboratories, Inc. Any use of the Omega Point Laboratories name, any abbreviation thereof or any logo, mark, or symbol therefore, for advertising material must be approved in writing in advance by Omega Point Laboratories, Inc. The client must have entered into and be actively participating in a Listing & Follow-up Service program. Products must bear labels with the Omega Point Laboratories' Certification Mark to demonstrate acceptance by Omega Point Laboratories, Inc. into the Listing program.

Abstract

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Michael E. Dey Manager, Fire Resistance Reviewed and approved:

Date: August 29, 2002

William E. Fitch, P.E.

No. 55296

Date: August 29, 2002

Omega Point Laboratories, Inc. 16015 Shady Falls Road Elmendorf, Texas 78112-9784 210-635-8100 / FAX: 210-635-8101 / 800-966-5253 www.opl.com / e-mail: [email protected]

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ITEM Introduction Test Procedure Test Specimen Construction Test Results and Observations Conclusions Appendices Appendix A: Appendix B: Appendix C: Appendix D: Construction Drawings Thermocouple Locations Thermocouple Data Photographs 8 11 13 26 37 PAGE 1 3 5 6 7

Last Page of Report

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INTRODUCTION1 "The performance of walls, columns, floors, and other building members under fire exposure conditions is an item of major importance in securing constructions that are safe, and that are not a menace to neighboring structures nor to the public. Recognition of this is registered in the codes of many authorities, municipal and other. It is important to secure balance of the many units in a single building, and of buildings of like character and use in a community; and also to promote uniformity in requirements of various authorities throughout the country. To do this it is necessary that the fire-resistive properties of materials and assemblies be measured and specified according to a common standard expressed in terms that are applicable alike to a wide variety of materials, situations, and conditions of exposure. Such a standard is found in the methods that follow. They prescribe a standard exposing fire of controlled extent and severity. Performance is defined as the period of resistance to standard exposure elapsing before the first critical point in behavior is observed. Results are reported in units in which field exposures can be judged and expressed. The methods may be cited as the "Standard Fire Tests," and the performance or exposure shall be expressed as "2-h," "6-h," "1/2-h," etc. When a factor of safety exceeding that inherent in the test conditions is desired, a proportional increase should be made in the specified time-classification period. The ASTM E119 test procedure is identical or very similar to the following standard test methods: UL 263 UBC 7-1 NFPA 251 ANSI A2.1

ASTM E119-00a Standard Methods of FIRE TESTS OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND MATERIALS, American Society for Testing and Materials, Volume 04.07 Building Seals and Sealants.

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1. Scope 1.1 These methods are applicable to assemblies of masonry units and to composite assemblies of structural materials for buildings, including bearing and other walls and partitions, columns, girders, beams, slabs, and composite slab and beam assemblies for floors and roofs. They are also applicable to other assemblies and structural units that constitute permanent integral parts of a finished building. 1.2 It is the intent that classifications shall register performance during the period of exposure and shall not be construed as having determined suitability for use after fire exposure. 1.3 This standard should be used to measure and describe the properties of materials, products, or assemblies in response to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions and should not be used to describe or appraise the fire hazard or fire risk of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of this test may be used as elements of a fire risk assessment which takes into account all of the factors which are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard of a particular end use. Note 1 - A method of fire hazard classification based on rate of flame spread is covered in ASTM Method E84, Test for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials. 1.4 The results of these tests are one factor in assessing fire performance of building construction and assemblies. These methods prescribe a standard fire exposure for comparing the performance of building construction assemblies. Application of these test results to predict the performance of actual building construction requires careful evaluation of test conditions. 2. Significance 2.1 This standard is intended to evaluate the duration for which the types of assemblies noted in 1.1 will contain a fire, or retain their structural integrity or exhibit both properties dependent upon the type of assembly involved during a predetermined test exposure. 2.2 The test exposes a specimen to a standard fire exposure controlled to achieve specified temperatures throughout a specified time period. In some instance, the fire exposure may be followed by the application of a specified standard fire hose stream. The exposure, however, may not be representative of all fire conditions which may vary with changes in the amount, nature and distribution of fire loading, ventilation, compartment size and configuration, and heat sink characteristics of the compartment. It does, however, provide a relative measure

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of fire performance of comparable assemblies under these specified fire exposure conditions. Any variation from the construction or conditions (that is, size, method of assembly, and materials) that are tested may substantially change the performance characteristics of the assembly. 2.3 The test standard provides for the following: 2.3.1 In walls, partitions and floor or roof assemblies: 2.3.1.1 Measurement of the transmission of heat. 2.3.1.2 Measurement of the transmission of hot gases through the assembly, sufficient to ignite cotton waste. 2.3.1.3 For load bearing elements, measurement of the load carrying ability of the test specimen during the test exposure. 2.3.2 For individual load bearing assemblies such as beams and columns: Measurement of the load carrying ability under the test exposure with some consideration for the end support conditions (that is, restrained or not restrained). 2.4 The test standard does not provide the following: 2.4.1 Full information as to performance of assemblies constructed with components or lengths other than those tested. 2.4.2 Evaluation of the degree by which the assembly contributes to the fire hazard by generation of smoke, toxic gases, or other products of combustion. 2.4.3 Measurement of the degree of control or limitation of the passage of smoke or products of combustion through the assembly. 2.4.4 Simulation of the fire behavior of joints between building elements such as floor-wall or wall-wall, etc., connections. 2.4.5 Measurement of flame spread over surface of tested element. 2.4.6 The effect of fire endurance of conventional openings in the assembly, that is electrical receptacle outlets, plumbing pipe, etc., unless specifically provided for in the construction tested." TEST PROCEDURE Test Furnace The 7' x 7' test furnace is fitted with 25 uniformly located diffuse-flame natural gas burners providing an even heat flux distribution across the face of the test specimen. Furnace pressures are maintained at +0.04" W. C. to -0.20" W. C.

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The temperature within the furnace is determined to be the mathematical average of thermocouples located symmetrically within the furnace and positioned twelve inches away from the horizontal face of the test specimen. The materials used in the construction of these thermocouples are those suggested in the test standard. During the performance of a fire exposure test, the furnace temperatures are displayed every 6 seconds for the furnace operator to allow control along the specified temperature curve. The fire exposure is controlled to conform with the standard time-temperature curve shown in Figure 1, as determined by the table below:

2000 1750

Time (min) 0 5 10 30 45 60 90 180

0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200

Temperature (°F) 68 1000 1300 1550 1638 1700 1792 1925

Temperature (°F)

1500 1250 1000 750 500 250 0

Time (minutes)

Figure 1 The furnace interior temperature during a test is controlled such that the area under the time·temperature curve is within 10% of the corresponding area under the standard time·temperature curve for 1 hour or less tests, 7.5% for those less than 2 hours and 5% for those tests of 2 hours or more duration. Fire Endurance Test The fire exposure is continued on the specimen until failure occurs, or until the specimen has withstood the test conditions for the desired fire endurance rating.

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TEST SPECIMEN CONSTRUCTION

The test specimen identification is as provided by the client and Omega Point Laboratories, Inc. accepts no responsibility for any inaccuracies therein. Omega Point did not select the specimen and has not verified the composition, manufacturing techniques or quality assurance procedures.

A 7' x 7' wood stud frame was constructed from 2 x 4 lumber to fit on the laboratory's small-scale horizontal furnace. The exposed surface was clad with three layers of 5/8" thick Type X gypsum wallboard. Three slots were cut out of the gypsum for mounting the test samples. Two of the openings were large enough to house a 2 x 4 stud wall section, and the other was cut to house a 2 x 6 wall section. The wall sections consisted of spruce-pine-fir wood studs spaced either 16" or 24" o.c. fastened to a top plate using 1-7/8" long galvanized steel roofing nails. The total height of each assembly was 19-1/2", with an overall length of 48". The fireblocking materials under evaluation were: a single 2 x 4, single 2 x 6, two layers of 1 x 4 with a broken lap joint, wet-spray cellulose insulation (nominal 3 pcf), and dry-fill cellulose insulation (density unknown, but visually greater than 3 pcf). The cellulose insulation was installed at a depth of 14-1/2". Each of the fireblocks was installed 2" from the bottom of the studs. The inside of the outer two studs of the assembly were covered with a piece of 5/8" thick Type X gypsum wallboard, and each end cavity was also separated from the middle cavity by a piece of 5/8" thick Type X gypsum wallboard. After the fireblocking was installed, each surface of the wall assembly was covered with a single layer of 5/8" Type X gypsum wallboard, fastened to the studs using 1-1/2" long self-tapping drywall screws. The wall assemblies were then fitted into the slots in the horizontal test frame with the bottom of the studs flush with the exposed surface of the frame. Construction drawings are located in Appendix A. THERMOCOUPLES All temperatures monitored were measured using 24 GA., electrically-welded, Type K Chromel-Alumel, glass-glass insulated (Special Limits of Error: ±1.1°C) thermocouples, purchased with calibration certifications and lot traceability. Thermocouples were located in each cavity of the test sample. The thermocouples in the wood fireblocking cavities were located on the unexposed side of the fireblocking, and the thermocouples in the cellulose-insulated cavities were

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located on the unexposed surface against the top plate. Additional thermocouples, for information only, were located within the cellulose insulation 1-1/2" from the bottom to give a direct comparison between the wood and the cellulose insulation. A drawing of the thermocouple locations can be found in Appendix B.

TEST RESULTS AND OBSERVATIONS The test assembly was mounted on the laboratory's small-scale horizontal test furnace on February 13, 2001. The lab ambient temperature at the time of the test was 90°F, with a relative humidity of 65%. Observations made during the test are as follows: Time (min:sec) 0:00 1:30 5:00 5-60 60:00 Observation Furnace fired at 2:45 p.m. Light smoke issuing from the test assembly The damper was closed to create positive pressure (+0.01" W.C.) at the sample location No visible changes occurred throughout the test The furnace was extinguished and the test samples were removed from the frame. After the sample had cooled for a few minutes, one layer of gypsum wallboard was removed to inspect the fireblocking materials. The wood fireblocking was either completely charred or burned away, and the celluloseinsulated cavities still had 10-11" of virgin material remaining.

Listings and plots of the furnace control temperatures and specimen unexposed surface temperatures may be found in Appendix C. A photographic documentation of the test has been included in Appendix D.

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CONCLUSIONS

The test specimen identification is as provided by the client and Omega Point Laboratories, Inc. accepts no responsibility for any inaccuracies therein. Omega Point did not select the specimen and has not verified the composition, manufacturing techniques or quality assurance procedures.

This test has shown that temperatures on the unexposed side of spray-applied cellulose insulation, installed at a depth of 14-1/2", remained lower than the temperatures on the unexposed side of wood fireblocking materials when exposed to the ASTM E 119 time/temperature curve for a period of 60 minutes. The wood fireblocking materials in this comparative test were 1) two layers of 1 x 4 sprucepine-fir installed with a broken lap joint, and 2) a single piece of 2 x 4 or 2 x 6 spruce-pine-fir. The wet-spray cellulose was installed at a nominal 3 pcf. The dry-fill density was unknown, but visually was greater than 3 pcf.

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August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

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APPENDIX A

CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS

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18" 48" 18"

24"

24"

24"

Note: A 7' x 7' wood stud frame was constructed from 2" x 4" lumber as shown. The exposed surface was covered with three layers of 5/8" Type X gypsum wallboard. Three slots were cut out for mounting each of the three wall sections.

OMEGA POINT LABORATORIES, INC. Project No. 16094-111638 CIMA Fig. 1 Stud Frame Detail

Scale: 1"=1'

10

18" 48" 4-3/4"

18" 48" 4-3/4"

18"

6-3/4" 48" 18"

Note: The exposed surface was covered with three layers of 5/8" Type X gypsum wallboard. Three slots were cut out for mounting each of the three wall sections. Two of the openings were large enough for a 2"x4" stud wall with a layer of 5/8" Type X gypsum on each side, and the third opening was large enough for a 2"x6" stud wall with a layer of 5/8" Type X on each side. The bottom of the outside studs of each wall section were be fastened to the stud framework in Fig. 1.

OMEGA POINT LABORATORIES, INC. Project No. 16094-111638 CIMA Fig. 2 Wall openings

Scale: 1" = 1'

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August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

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APPENDIX B

THERMOCOUPLE LOCATIONS

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WET

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14-1/2" 10 11 12 13 14 15 1-1/2"

1 2"

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20 WET

21

14-1/2" 25 16 2" 17 18 1-1/2" 26 2 7 22 23 24

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14-1/2" 34

WET

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1-1/2" OMEGA POINT LABORATORIES Project No. 16094-111638 CIMA Fig. 4 TC Locations

Scale: 1-1/2"=1'

All temperatures monitored inside the stud cavities were measured using 24 GA., electrically-welded, Type K Chromel-Alumel, glass-glass insulated (Special Limits of Error: ±1.1°C) thermocouples, purchased with calibration certifications and lot traceability.

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August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

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APPENDIX C

THERMOCOUPLE DATA

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Guardian Fiberglass Project No. 15498-108320 Furnace Interior Temperatures

2000

1800

1600

1400

Temperature (°F)

1200

1000

800

600

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E-119 Std. Furnace Avg.

200

0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60

Time (min.)

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 Cellulose vs. Wood Fireblocking Average Unexposed Temperatures

1400

1200

2 x 6 Two layers of 1 x 4 2 x 4 Dry fill cellulose Wet spray cellulose

1000

Temperature (°F)

800

600

400

200

0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60

Time (min.)

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002

Time (min) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

E119 Std Average (°F) 68 254 441 627 814 1000 1060 1120 1180 1240 1300 1328 1347 1364 1381 1396 1410 1424 1436 1448 1459 1470 1480 1490 1499 1508 1517 1525 1533 1541 1549 1556 1563 1570 1576 1583 1589 1595 1601 1606 1612 1617 1623 1628 1633 1638 1643 1648 1652 1657

Furnace Average (°F) 90 173 514 757 821 843 946 1085 1150 1192 1247 1308 1364 1384 1387 1386 1389 1415 1427 1414 1430 1465 1518 1502 1451 1437 1485 1584 1656 1690 1721 1692 1676 1676 1685 1697 1709 1718 1692 1658 1636 1627 1620 1621 1665 1664 1628 1662 1681 1662

Integration of Furnace Average (°F·min) 0 64 339 907 1628 2392 3218 4166 5215 6318 7470 8679 9947 11253 12571 13889 15209 16543 17896 19248 20602 21982 23405 24847 26256 27632 29025 30491 32043 33648 35286 36924 38540 40148 41761 43384 45019 46664 48301 49908 51487 53051 54606 56159 57734 59330 60908 62485 64089 65692

Integration of E119 Std Average (°F·min)

Error (%)

Furnace Probe #1 (°F) 89 133 410 684 776 809 895 1032 1115 1172 1236 1305 1365 1387 1394 1391 1400 1422 1437 1423 1434 1475 1522 1513 1466 1446 1493 1589 1674 1712 1756 1717 1698 1694 1696 1713 1724 1735 1711 1677 1649 1639 1632 1637 1678 1675 1645 1673 1696 1674

Furnace Probe #2 (°F) 90 131 379 669 773 807 877 1009 1095 1149 1207 1268 1328 1358 1360 1365 1365 1387 1401 1389 1399 1435 1478 1485 1433 1416 1453 1530 1585 1628 1644 1648 1644 1644 1657 1666 1681 1688 1668 1642 1618 1609 1600 1597 1630 1641 1609 1625 1650 1640

Furnace Probe #3 (°F) 90 224 683 859 880 892 1025 1166 1210 1240 1292 1349 1405 1422 1416 1413 1410 1445 1450 1435 1462 1491 1557 1519 1461 1458 1514 1651 1733 1765 1801 1730 1699 1699 1711 1717 1727 1737 1702 1666 1649 1642 1638 1634 1689 1686 1634 1691 1704 1681

0 0.00% 9 3 -31.87% 373 -9.07% 839 8.07% 1491 9.14% 2330 2.64% 3292 -2.25% 4314 -3.44% 5396 -3.35% 6538 -3.36% 7740 -3.49% 8986 -3.41% 10255 -3.00% 11543 -2.51% 12847 -2.15% 14167 -1.97% 15503 -1.90% 16851 -1.83% 18213 -1.74% 19587 -1.73% 20973 -1.77% 22370 -1.74% 23777 -1.56% 25194 -1.38% 26621 -1.37% 28057 -1.52% 29502 -1.62% 30955 -1.50% 32416 -1.15% 33886 -0.70% 35363 -0.22% 36847 0.21% 38338 0.53% 39837 0.78% 41342 1.01% 42853 1.24% 44371 1.46% 45895 1.68% 47424 1.85% 48960 1.94% 50501 1.95% 52048 1.93% 53600 1.88% 55158 1.81% 56720 1.79% 58288 1.79% 59860 1.75% 61437 1.71% 63019 1.70% 64606 1.68%

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002

Time (min) 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Max Temp Max Allowed

E119 Std Average (°F) 1661 1666 1670 1674 1678 1682 1686 1690 1694 1698 1701

Furnace Average (°F) 1651 1660 1660 1660 1690 1665 1641 1670 1710 1702 1694

Integration of Furnace Average (°F·min) 67281 68868 70460 72052 73659 75269 76854 78441 80063 81701 83331

Integration of E119 Std Average (°F·min) 66197 67792 69392 70996 72604 74216 75832 77452 79076 80704 82336

Error (%) 1.64% 1.59% 1.54% 1.49% 1.45% 1.42% 1.35% 1.28% 1.25% 1.24% 1.21%

Furnace Probe #1 (°F) 1666 1672 1678 1676 1706 1679 1657 1683 1721 1714 1709

Furnace Probe #2 (°F) 1624 1635 1637 1632 1660 1645 1621 1638 1675 1677 1669

Furnace Probe #3 (°F) 1665 1680 1671 1676 1708 1678 1651 1692 1737 1725 1710

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002

Time (min) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

Furnace Probe #4 (°F) 90 203 586 815 855 864 987 1134 1179 1207 1254 1311 1356 1371 1379 1374 1381 1406 1419 1409 1425 1459 1514 1489 1444 1428 1479 1567 1631 1656 1683 1674 1664 1669 1675 1691 1703 1713 1688 1649 1627 1618 1611 1616 1663 1656 1622 1657 1673 1655

TC #1 (°F) 93 95 96 101 95 93 105 105 107 117 123 128 133 139 141 150 163 171 178 183 188 207 206 223 227 234 247 257 265 276 285 299 322 356 399 449 505 570 650 705 705 714 726 757 789 779 777 797 803 802

TC #2 (°F) 93 98 101 96 94 95 101 104 113 118 122 124 129 144 144 158 161 173 179 186 197 206 214 230 233 247 249 257 262 279 283 298 322 367 432 475 571 653 697 695 691 692 696 695 730 747 735 754 773 784

TC #3 (°F) 93 95 97 97 98 98 101 108 111 114 119 127 136 143 155 162 170 179 193 207 216 224 236 244 256 267 279 291 306 325 349 383 429 481 517 556 605 648 659 642 653 650 653 660 662 670 663 696 716 723

TC #4 (°F) 96 96 94 100 96 94 100 97 93 98 99 100 99 96 95 94 100 100 100 98 93 101 94 99 101 97 102 103 104 104 104 104 110 108 106 113 115 117 118 120 114 117 117 125 125 122 131 130 132 128

TC #5 (°F) 96 99 98 97 92 92 97 93 97 101 100 97 94 100 92 98 97 100 97 93 94 97 93 102 95 100 101 102 98 104 97 98 102 100 107 104 111 111 107 114 112 115 115 112 113 120 118 117 119 125

TC #6 (°F) 96 97 98 94 96 97 94 95 98 97 96 94 95 98 97 98 94 95 94 96 98 94 97 97 95 98 95 96 96 99 99 101 99 102 107 106 109 112 114 117 123 126 128 128 132 136 136 140 143 148

TC #7 (°F) 96 94 93 98 97 95 98 99 93 96 97 98 99 94 97 93 99 98 99 100 94 101 98 99 104 99 105 107 111 112 119 123 128 133 130 140 139 143 146 147 143 145 145 154 154 148 157 158 159 153

TC #8 (°F) 96 98 96 99 93 91 99 94 95 100 101 99 96 98 92 96 100 103 102 97 98 105 99 110 108 111 117 121 121 127 124 126 136 135 140 143 149 151 147 153 148 150 151 150 149 153 154 151 152 154

TC #9 (°F) 96 99 99 95 94 95 94 93 99 98 97 94 93 100 95 101 97 100 100 101 107 106 110 116 112 122 121 125 123 132 130 134 135 138 146 141 148 147 145 150 154 155 156 150 151 156 151 152 153 159

Info TC #10 (°F) 89 100 170 181 191 204 245 330 440 551 671 791 894 945 982 999 1020 1063 1090 1104 1133 1173 1246 1218 1191 1216 1274 1364 1412 1447 1480 1482 1498 1522 1539 1550 1561 1578 1530 1526 1512 1517 1522 1526 1575 1532 1505 1579 1569 1548

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002

Time (min) 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Max Temp Max Allowed

Furnace Probe #4 (°F) 1649 1652 1653 1655 1686 1657 1634 1665 1705 1694 1687

TC #1 (°F) 825 848 833 847 861 852 860 886 903 904 920 920 418

TC #2 (°F) 794 815 813 821 835 831 826 845 863 863 867 867 418

TC #3 (°F) 735 745 760 764 780 780 782 796 815 821 825 825 418

TC #4 (°F) 132 133 139 141 142 138 144 144 143 144 150 150 421

TC #5 (°F) 121 130 130 129 132 136 138 140 141 142 140 142 421

TC #6 (°F) 150 152 151 154 156 163 162 164 168 170 168 170 421

TC #7 (°F) 158 155 161 163 164 159 164 163 162 162 168 168 421

TC #8 (°F) 151 158 161 159 162 160 164 164 163 162 164 164 421

TC #9 (°F) 156 161 156 155 157 164 161 163 164 165 159 165 421

Info TC #10 (°F) 1548 1570 1537 1582 1599 1546 1549 1600 1622 1600 1590 1622

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002

Time (min) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

Info TC #11 (°F) 90 317 841 881 899 989 1207 1245 1249 1304 1355 1406 1421 1414 1410 1401 1428 1479 1430 1454 1486 1498 1545 1445 1423 1497 1555 1615 1613 1626 1629 1615 1631 1646 1654 1656 1661 1671 1604 1607 1584 1590 1592 1592 1638 1590 1560 1634 1622 1599

Info TC #12 (°F) 90 93 109 134 140 148 192 196 204 208 213 225 269 359 449 546 630 734 822 896 975 1051 1157 1168 1160 1200 1258 1336 1381 1422 1444 1474 1493 1518 1542 1547 1571 1584 1544 1547 1545 1549 1549 1541 1578 1569 1541 1567 1586 1578

Info TC #13 (°F) 90 148 185 173 176 183 274 426 540 641 740 827 896 944 977 998 1020 1061 1088 1098 1130 1164 1220 1205 1174 1187 1235 1290 1319 1338 1362 1386 1396 1417 1433 1446 1460 1472 1449 1441 1436 1440 1442 1448 1484 1461 1442 1477 1481 1475

Info TC #14 (°F) 91 122 177 179 175 178 234 344 445 547 666 782 857 911 954 977 1010 1047 1080 1086 1109 1148 1184 1195 1178 1178 1220 1267 1301 1322 1345 1369 1389 1403 1417 1438 1450 1463 1452 1442 1432 1433 1434 1443 1467 1461 1451 1465 1473 1467

Info TC #15 (°F) 91 161 192 186 180 196 408 605 724 814 888 964 1015 1054 1069 1090 1112 1145 1161 1159 1188 1219 1255 1252 1222 1237 1279 1321 1338 1358 1367 1394 1412 1423 1442 1455 1471 1480 1461 1456 1448 1450 1452 1451 1476 1475 1456 1469 1478 1480

TC #16 (°F) 92 96 99 94 94 95 102 108 118 124 130 134 142 155 158 166 164 171 175 181 188 187 195 200 202 214 212 216 215 222 222 228 230 255 331 447 617 675 913 952 963 984 943 949 979 936 888 902 882 870

TC #17 (°F) 92 91 93 92 95 94 105 111 110 121 132 134 149 149 160 159 166 176 185 189 190 201 205 213 225 220 229 234 240 240 250 247 267 362 499 648 820 848 850 842 859 855 859 872 913 927 912 955 978 980

TC #18 (°F) 92 96 97 92 93 93 110 113 118 132 142 142 155 164 169 179 182 199 207 207 211 227 231 244 242 243 255 263 271 277 283 287 297 331 376 457 557 617 690 766 839 922 1017 1053 1104 1085 1084 1182 1177 1184

TC #19 (°F) 96 98 98 96 95 95 97 96 103 109 113 120 124 136 134 144 143 147 147 147 149 149 150 155 153 159 157 157 155 159 154 160 157 156 161 157 161 159 157 160 157 162 162 162 162 156 160 162 156 156

TC #20 (°F) 96 94 94 97 99 99 100 104 107 115 124 132 138 139 146 145 149 149 152 155 156 155 158 154 160 156 159 158 159 156 160 156 160 162 158 162 159 161 162 160 163 159 159 159 158 163 160 159 162 163

21

CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002

Time (min) 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Max Temp Max Allowed

Info TC #11 (°F) 1592 1620 1582 1629 1645 1583 1590 1640 1656 1631 1621 1671

Info TC #12 (°F) 1569 1594 1571 1593 1618 1586 1586 1614 1631 1618 1607 1631

Info TC #13 (°F) 1474 1489 1467 1491 1510 1478 1476 1510 1532 1522 1514 1532

Info TC #14 (°F) 1469 1478 1478 1487 1507 1485 1485 1506 1526 1523 1525 1526

Info TC #15 (°F) 1476 1493 1487 1496 1520 1499 1499 1522 1543 1538 1534 1543

TC #16 (°F) 862 875 869 889 919 921 930 965 992 1003 1014 1014 417

TC #17 (°F) 988 1010 1026 1055 1077 1073 1092 1125 1162 1183 1202 1202 417

TC #18 (°F) 1188 1207 1203 1237 1249 1245 1261 1287 1311 1309 1291 1311 417

TC #19 (°F) 157 162 158 157 158 162 161 162 162 162 158 162 421

TC #20 (°F) 163 158 161 162 162 158 159 159 159 158 162 163 421

22

CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002

Time (min) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

TC #21 (°F) 97 95 94 93 95 95 103 102 103 115 125 125 138 140 145 145 144 154 156 153 151 159 153 157 160 156 162 162 162 157 159 155 153 161 156 163 161 164 162 163 162 156 158 157 157 161 154 156 161 161

TC #22 (°F) 93 94 94 91 90 90 96 94 99 104 105 104 107 115 112 121 121 130 133 132 136 143 144 155 154 162 166 170 171 176 172 180 179 182 189 189 197 201 198 205 200 207 210 215 218 218 223 232 230 234

TC #23 (°F) 93 93 93 94 94 94 93 95 97 98 101 105 107 110 113 116 120 123 126 131 135 138 143 145 153 155 154 155 158 159 164 166 170 175 180 182 184 188 192 197 201 203 206 210 211 214 213 218 217 223

TC #24 (°F) 93 90 90 90 93 93 97 98 93 98 103 100 108 107 113 111 114 121 127 129 128 137 138 141 149 146 156 159 164 164 171 168 171 180 177 188 187 193 198 197 203 197 201 204 206 217 210 213 225 227

Info TC #25 (°F) 91 92 127 155 158 160 191 197 201 210 227 245 289 353 434 530 610 700 778 826 871 922 963 1002 996 999 1029 1081 1137 1177 1207 1222 1226 1242 1259 1274 1291 1306 1298 1294 1284 1284 1285 1287 1311 1309 1293 1320 1327 1323

Info TC #26 (°F) 90 96 174 176 175 179 198 201 211 265 363 486 637 750 807 855 892 930 963 978 1002 1030 1065 1084 1072 1069 1088 1129 1174 1208 1235 1249 1253 1260 1273 1283 1297 1308 1310 1304 1298 1298 1299 1301 1317 1325 1318 1326 1341 1341

Info TC #27 (°F) 90 89 148 170 173 174 197 209 211 227 253 286 369 497 656 753 825 882 932 968 991 1023 1057 1078 1077 1073 1104 1151 1202 1235 1270 1277 1284 1299 1307 1327 1336 1350 1350 1336 1333 1325 1326 1327 1349 1357 1339 1352 1370 1368

TC #28 (°F) 93 93 93 89 91 91 99 96 95 100 105 99 108 111 114 117 117 128 133 132 134 145 143 154 158 161 171 176 180 183 185 188 187 195 195 199 203 208 210 216 217 219 223 229 235 242 246 260 275 289

TC #29 (°F) 94 96 96 93 92 92 95 93 98 102 102 103 104 112 110 119 119 126 126 127 133 139 143 151 152 159 162 167 169 173 173 181 181 187 194 193 204 207 208 217 217 224 227 229 231 228 237 245 249 262

TC #30 (°F) 94 93 92 95 96 96 95 97 96 99 102 105 110 111 117 120 125 128 134 139 143 148 153 153 158 158 163 168 174 180 188 187 197 201 202 207 208 212 217 217 223 221 226 228 231 241 242 247 260 271

23

CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002

Time (min) 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Max Temp Max Allowed

TC #21 (°F) 157 159 163 163 155 157 162 160 160 158 155 164 422

TC #22 (°F) 236 249 249 251 253 262 271 280 292 296 303 303 418

TC #23 (°F) 224 225 227 233 235 231 239 245 252 257 263 263 418

TC #24 (°F) 228 231 235 240 237 239 246 246 250 251 256 256 418

Info TC #25 (°F) 1319 1333 1331 1338 1353 1346 1343 1364 1390 1385 1377 1390

Info TC #26 (°F) 1343 1347 1351 1351 1370 1372 1366 1377 1397 1402 1401 1402

Info TC #27 (°F) 1363 1365 1371 1374 1389 1384 1380 1393 1416 1414 1413 1416

TC #28 (°F) 298 318 337 349 352 372 387 399 407 413 419 419 418

TC #29 (°F) 274 292 303 317 327 347 356 371 378 400 416 416 419

TC #30 (°F) 284 297 317 334 349 362 378 392 402 420 438 438 419

24

CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002

Time (min) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49

TC #31 (°F) 97 96 95 93 96 95 100 99 94 98 101 94 104 103 109 108 110 118 122 121 119 127 121 124 129 125 131 133 135 132 137 134 131 140 136 143 140 144 144 144 144 140 139 140 141 144 138 142 146 146

TC #32 (°F) 97 98 99 95 94 94 100 95 98 101 101 96 96 101 97 102 99 106 105 101 103 107 106 112 110 114 117 118 118 120 116 120 117 119 122 122 126 127 124 130 126 131 133 134 135 132 135 137 135 135

TC #33 (°F) 97 98 96 98 97 98 96 96 97 98 97 99 98 100 100 104 105 107 108 111 114 113 118 119 119 120 122 123 123 126 124 124 127 126 127 126 128 127 127 127 127 125 128 126 125 126 127 124 126 126

Info TC #34 (°F) 92 90 95 97 100 100 102 104 97 100 102 99 108 102 110 106 108 113 117 119 117 122 119 121 127 122 127 128 132 128 137 131 133 140 136 145 142 151 156 158 164 164 166 170 177 192 185 191 200 207

Info TC #35 (°F) 92 92 121 143 150 157 186 192 194 200 211 229 284 343 395 447 491 547 604 645 683 737 785 835 841 840 860 900 950 999 1034 1060 1069 1088 1105 1125 1144 1163 1169 1170 1165 1169 1172 1178 1198 1210 1205 1219 1237 1241

Info TC #36 (°F) 92 98 160 162 163 169 196 218 257 304 364 444 528 594 637 683 717 763 806 825 855 890 937 957 941 942 968 1015 1055 1097 1115 1133 1142 1150 1167 1179 1196 1209 1208 1204 1198 1198 1202 1204 1225 1233 1225 1235 1252 1254

25

CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002

Time (min) 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Max Temp Max Allowed

TC #31 (°F) 140 144 148 148 140 143 147 145 145 144 142 148 422

TC #32 (°F) 136 141 140 139 137 141 144 144 144 143 139 144 422

TC #33 (°F) 128 126 125 125 129 128 128 129 129 129 131 131 422

Info TC #34 (°F) 208 214 224 230 233 233 241 243 249 251 254 254

Info TC #35 (°F) 1244 1257 1266 1269 1282 1287 1284 1300 1324 1329 1328 1329

Info TC #36 (°F) 1260 1267 1270 1273 1290 1289 1281 1297 1319 1323 1326 1326

26

Project No. 16094-111638 CIMA August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

APPENDIX D

PHOTOGRAPHS

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

Test frame

One of the wall sections prior to insulating the center cavity

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

Preparing the test sample

One cavity was dry-filled through a hole in the top plate

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

(L-R) single 2 x 4, dry-fill insulation, wet spray insulation (the block in the center cavity was removed prior to testing)

Wall sections mounted in the test frame

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

Bottom view prior to placing the assembly on the furnace

Bottom view prior to placing the assembly on the furnace

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

Bottom view prior to placing the assembly on the furnace

Bottom view prior to placing the assembly on the furnace

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

Samples 1-3

Samples 4-6

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

Samples 7-8

Start of test

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

The furnace was extinguished after 60 minutes

Samples 1-3 immediately after the test

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

Samples 4-6 immediately after the test

Samples 7-8 immediately after the test

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638 August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

Removing the assembly from the furnace

Approximately 10" of virgin material remained in the insulated cavities, and the 2 x 6 was completely burnt

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CIMA Project No. 16094-111638

August 28, 2002 APPENDICES

37

Approximately 10" of virgin material remained in the insulated cavity, the 2 x 4 was charred, and the two 1 x 4 were completely burnt

Approximately 10" of virgin material remained in the insulated cavity, the 2 x 6 was charred

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