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The Professional Association Voice of the Navy Reserve

Naval Reserve Association

April 2008, Volume 55, No. 4


Navy Expeditionary Combat Command


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The Premier Professional Organization for Navy Reservists, Committed to Supporting a Strong Navy and National Defense, While Providing Outstanding Service to Navy Families.




NATIONAL EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR RADM Casey W. Coane, USN (Ret) E-mail: [email protected] DEPUTY EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR DIRECTOR OF MEMBER SERVICES CAPT Tom McAtee, USN (Ret) E-mail: [email protected] CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER Bob Lyman E-mail: [email protected] DIRECTOR OF LEGISLATION CAPT Ike Puzon, USNR (Ret) E-mail: [email protected] DIRECTOR OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT & MEMBERSHIP CAPT Art Schultz, Jr., USN (Ret) E-mail: [email protected] DIRECTOR OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES & TECHNICAL SUPPORT CAPT Art Schultz, Jr., USN (Ret) E-mail: [email protected] MEMBERSHIP ASSISTANT Mark De Ville E-mail: [email protected] SENIOR ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT Linda Bautista E-mail: [email protected]

NRA NE W S Ap ri l 2008, Volume 55, No. 4



4 6 7 8 9 10 12 From the Editor President's Message Guest Column Keeping Up Legislative Update Health Affairs Professional Development 13 14 24 26 27 30

"Our Maritime Expeditionary Security Force (MESF), which is the transition from Naval Coastal Warfare (NCW) and has been traditionally all Reserves since Vietnam, recently created two Active Duty squadrons . . . . This is just one of the many areas where we have improved the Active and Reserve integration. ­­ RADM Michael P. Tillotson, Deputy Commander, NECC "

Letters Junior Officers Column Retirees' Corner Enlisted Programs District News Briefs Reservists in Action


2 Corporate Associates Program 11 News Notes 22 Proper Retirement & TIG Waiver Request 25 Record Review Service 28 Pricing Your Home in this Difficult Market ­ VR SAM® 29 Consolidated Finance Statement


A pair of riverine patrol boats, assigned to Riverine Squadron (RIVERON) 2, move across the waterborne range at Fort Pickett. RIVERON 2, along with more than 700 Sailors from various NECC units, participated in Exercise Comet 2007, an integrated maritime operations exercise being conducted in Virginia onboard Fort Picket, Cheatam Annex, and Little Creek Amphibious Base. (Photo by U.S. Navy Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Curtis K. Biasi)

Naval Reserve Association NEWS (ISSN 0162-2129), authorized under PSM, Section 132.22, published monthly by the Naval Reserve Association, is a magazine devoted to the professional interests of the Officers of the United States Naval Reserve Association. Editorial and Executive Offices, 1619 King Street, Alexandria, VA 22314. Telephone (703) 548-5800. Periodicals postage paid at Alexandria, VA, and other mailing offices. Articles and letters appearing the Naval Reserve Association News do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Executive Committee of the Naval Reserve Association or the Editor, nor are they necessarily to be interpreted as official policy of the United States Navy or Naval Reserve Association. Rates: The Naval Reserve Association News subscription is covered by membership in the Naval Reserve Association. Membership is open to all commissioned or warrant officers and enlisted who are serving or have served honorably as members of the U.S. Armed Forces. Subscription price is $7.50 domestic. Single copy: 75 cents. Eligible non-members are not entitled to subscription rates. Photos or articles may be reproduced, providing credit is given to the Naval Reserve Association News. Postmaster: Send change of address to the Naval Reserve Association, 1619 King Street, Alexandria, VA 22314. Printed in USA.

ditor the E From

Naval Reserve Association


n mid February, I had the opportunity to speak one-on-one for almost half an hour with VADM Cotton and, then, to hear him give a presentation. As usual, the Admiral is a wonderful showman when he presents. During the course of his tour, I have watched that presentation improve markedly to where it is almost spellbinding. I mean that sincerely. I wish I were that good. He is an absolute cheerleader for what is going on with the Navy and its Reserve, as well he should be. After all, for four-and-a-half years, he has been the driving force behind the changes that are taking place. They are his legacy. When you hear that presentation, as they say today ­ it's all good. In our personal discussion, we touched on a number of topics. As the Admiral approaches the end of his tour, it is clear that he still believes that your Association just doesn't get it. When we talk about our concerns for a Strategic Reserve, he thinks that we're stuck in the past. When we say that a Strategic Reserve is a hedge against miscalculating what we will need in the future, he says that we have no peer competitor and that, should China decide to become a threat, we will have fifteen years to prepare. Hence, no hedge is necessary and we certainly can't afford one. He speaks of the Taiwan scenario and risk assessment with the confidence of someone who knows what he is talking about. He speaks of going from eleven carriers to ten then to eight ­ we just don't need all that. A couple of weeks ago, I spoke with a gentleman who is involved in classified high-level war games concerning the Taiwan scenario. He told me that you wouldn't like to see how they are playing out. I don't know who is correct. I just don't want my grandchildren to find out that, once again, we got it wrong. As I have before, I invited the Admiral to write for our guest column and educate us. When we discuss the need to hold the line on TRICARE fees for retirees, at least until DoD implements recommended efficiencies, the Admiral thinks that we just don't understand that we can't buy equipment when medical expenses are eating up the budget. Our position, as always, is that the Association doesn't live within the President's budget; and we are free to ask Congress to appropriate the necessary funds to take care of our defense and our veterans whether the Department asks for enough or not. Medical care is the most important thing on the minds of Americans today. It is a major problem for the Defense Department, but it is too easy just to say pass the cost on to the retirees. We need to follow the best practices of industry, not the worst. Admiral Cotton and I spoke about our legislative success in getting a piece of earlier-thanage-sixty retirement for Reservists who are recalled. He said that he didn't understand why we would want to do that when the whole idea expressed by the Commission on the National Guard and Reserves was to make everyone wait longer before drawing retirement. I confess I didn't see that one coming. I thought that he would be pleased that we brokered a better deal for Reservists. Our position: If the overall military retirement system is changed (not likely soon), then the Reserve piece should change. In the meantime, the country has changed the contract with Reservists by changing from the Strategic Reserve to the Operational Reserve that change should be compensated. When Admiral Cotton says expect to mobilize one year out of every six, that is a new ball game and our Reservists deserve a new contract. If that by itself weren't enough, let's consider doing the things that will keep our volunteer Operational Reserve sustainable. Differences aside, Admiral Cotton has gotten the force out of reserve centers. He has gotten a lot of Navy officials to recognize the value of Reservists. He has created true alignment with the Navy, and that has meant more meaningful careers for a lot of Reservists. I won't say that it is all good, but he certainly can be proud of those things. Fair winds and following seas, VADM John G. Cotton. As always, enjoy the read. Warm regards,


1619 King Street, Alexandria, VA 22314 Tel: 703-548-5800 · Fax: 703-683-3647 Toll Free Voice: 1-866-NRA-4-YOU (672-4968) Toll Free Fax: 1-866-683-3647 E-mail: [email protected] Home Page:

Editor: RADM Casey W. Coane, USN (Ret) Associate Editor: CAPT Thomas L. McAtee, USN (Ret) Assistant Editor



Linda Bautista


Bob Lyman

Letters to the Editor are encouraged. They may be edited for length, style, and clarity. Mail to Letters to the Editor at NRA NEWS, or e-mail to [email protected] Include your name, address, and daytime phone number for verification. Name may be withheld upon request. Articles ­ For guidelines on article submission, call or write NRA Headquarters, or E-mail [email protected]


NRA NEWS is part of membership in the Association. To join, renew your membership, or to report address changes, call or write NRA Headquarters, or E-mail [email protected]


Casey Coane National Executive Director




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Pr esident's Messa ge

he Association had a great Spring Conference in Hawaii at the end of March, and I want to recognize and thank all those who made it such a success, our Headquarters staff, and in particular, Kim Hardy who volunteered great amounts of time and energy. We were very pleased with the level of representation and the content of the messages of our panel of experts and defense leaders. We continue to have large and controversial Association and Navy Reserve issues with which to deal, which you can view at your leisure in the "Minutes of the Conference" on our Web site. On 31 January 2008, the Committee on the National Guard and Reserves completed two years of work and analysis, mandated by law, by publishing a major series of 95 recommendations based on their study. Many were very progressive and some were deemed highly controversial. Our Executive Director, RADM Casey Coane, and Director of Legislation, CAPT Ike Puzon, did an outstanding job of analyzing and summarizing the CNGR's recommendations in the March NRA News, but I wanted to highlight specifically one of the recommendations that I believe to be of the utmost national importance to the Navy Reserve and to this Association. RADM Coane and CAPT Puzon's succinct analysis and derived conclusions discussed the concept of the "Strategic Reserve" vis-á-vis the "Operational Reserve" and the Active Duty Component, and I invite all of our membership to scrutinize their article in its entirety, as well as the Report itself. I compliment the CNGR panel's willingness and honesty in engaging the broad national issues involved in a part-time militia force that supports a full-time active duty force in the execution of the defense of the national interest. But, as a historian, I must say that our nation has been involved at varied levels in "cold," "lukewarm," and "hot" wars for virtually the entire duration of our national existence. As a result, I am at a bit of a loss in the face of the implied contention that this is a unique time in our nation's history and that an Operational Reserve must be maintained exclusively as the only expedient at hand. I am sure that the strategic defense of our nation will simultaneously continue in the face of rising competitor nations in the future, as it has presented itself in the past. The reserve "militia" tradition predates the declaration of our nation. That tradition of selfless service in a Strategic Reserve existed even when active forces were disbanded or severely reduced to skeleton levels. The Reserve Components have been a constant bedrock of sustainability and support of our national existence and a key reason why we live as free men and women 232 years into our national history. That statement is not meant to deprecate the sacrifices and service of our Active Duty counterparts, but it is meant to indicate the worth that the nation places on its Reserve Components, and the individual pride that each and every Reservist and Guardsman (or woman) personally feels. This Association will represent that pride for as long as there is a Navy Reserve. To that end, we believe that our Reserve Component shares the responsibility with the Active force to provide direct operational support, as well as strategic forces in depth, to meet both the immediate national security needs and the longer-term, nascent, and more opaque military threats of the future. We will focus on the CNGR's recommendation, that, "the traditional capabilities of the Reserve Components to serve as a Strategic Reserve must be expanded and strengthened"! And we will interpret it to the benefit of the Navy and the Nation! We will work with the Navy political and uniformed leadership, as well as the Congress and the Administration, to define what a future Navy Strategic Reserve will look like. We will work with our friends and allies to characterize that component of service to the nation. Since the attacks of 11 September 2001, the expeditious use of the Navy Reserve has protected our nation from further attacks; but it is now time to deal with the long-term purposes and effects of that massive utilization of a very critical, but ultimately perishable, force of dedicated patriots. On behalf of this Association, I thank the Committee for profiling these critical national issues for discourse and decision. I look forward to the discussion.


NATIONAL PRESIDENT CAPT Walter K. Steiner, USN (Ret) E-mail: [email protected] NATIONAL EXECUTIVE VP CAPT G. Mark Hardy, USN E-mail: g.mark.hardy AT

NATIONAL VP-SURFACE RESERVE PROGRAMS CAPT Lawrence E. Weill, USN E-mail: [email protected] NATIONAL VP-AIR RESERVE PROGRAMS CAPT John F Farr, USN (Ret) . E-mail: [email protected]

NATIONAL VP-LEGISLATION & EDUCATION CAPT Paul A. Denham, USN E-mail: [email protected] NATIONAL VP-MEMBERSHIP CAPT James J. Parker, USN E-mail: [email protected]

NATIONAL VP-BUDGET & FINANCE CAPT Douglas H. McDonald, SC, USNR (Ret) E-mail: [email protected]

NATIONAL VP-PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT CAPT William A. Emslie, USN E-mail: [email protected] NATIONAL VP-ACTIVE DUTY PROGRAMS CDR Matthew P Dubois, USN . E-mail: [email protected] NATIONAL VP-ENLISTED PROGRAMS YNCS Ralph H. Hensley, USN E-mail: [email protected] NATIONAL VP-LEGAL AFFAIRS LT Marc J. Soss, SC, USN E-mail: [email protected]

NATIONAL VP-MEMBER SERVICES CDR Kevin C. Hayes, USN E-mail: [email protected]


NATIONAL VP-HEALTH PROGRAMS CDR Marian Cioe, NC, USN E-mail: [email protected]

NATIONAL PUBLIC AFFAIRS OFFICER LCDR Joyce Zongrone, USN E-mail: [email protected] NATIONAL CHAPLAIN LT Matthew C. Fuhrman, CHC, USN E-mail: [email protected] NATIONAL HISTORIAN CAPT David L. Woods, USNR (Ret) E-mail: [email protected] NATIONAL PARLIAMENTARIAN CDR Leo Hill, USNR (Ret) E-mail: [email protected]

NATIONAL TREASURER DKCM Charles E. Bradley, USN (Ret) E-mail: [email protected]

Walt Steiner National President



Guest Column

NRA News asked the 2007 Reserve Force Sailor of the Year, Chief Todd Brooks, to comment for us on his experiences during the year.

pril 3, 2007, I received a call from Force Master Chief David R. Pennington notifying me that I had been selected as one of the top five CNRFC Sailors of the year. I, along with three coworkers in my office at the time, remember that call like it was yesterday; and I remember the overwhelming feelings when Vice Admiral John G. Cotton announced my selection as the 2007 Navy Reserve Sailor of the Year. The feelings of that day we're only surpassed July 19th, when my wonderful mother, Sue, and my incredible son, John, pinned on my anchors and my Command Master Chief, Thomas Whitney, firmly placed my combination cover and said, "Welcome to the mess, Chief!" What an incredible way to bring the Sailor of the Year week to a close. MCPON Joe R. Campa and his staff ensured we had a phenomenal experience. I feel very honored to have been able to share that week with my "Navy Chief " brothers Randy Leppell, Marc Stewart, and David Hansen; they made it all the more special. I am grateful for their friendship and consider myself a better person for having them a part of my life. . . thanks guys! The past year has been a journey that could fill many pages, perhaps even a small book. From all the people that have graced my life and new friendships forged, to the lessons learned and some I am still learning from "Induction"! I was very fortunate to have had the opportunity to work with the selectees in Dam Neck, Virginia, for a couple of weeks before heading up to Brunswick, Maine, to finish out induction season. Wearing khakis and being apart of the induction process alongside the selectees, presented many awkward moments and many challenging situations. It certainly was a unique situation that produced some very

Editor's Note:


interesting dynamics and interactions across the board. That which does not kill us, only makes us stronger! My heartfelt thanks to "Team Brunswick" for letting me take part in that once-in-a-lifetime event; I cannot ever thank you enough! Diversity in assignments helps build breadth in character and experience, and it provides a challenge that serves to build and develop our leadership ability. I am so grateful for getting the opportunity to serve as facilitator for the Center for Naval Leadership. This has been incredibly rewarding for me personally and professionally. Words just cannot describe the feeling you get as you progress through a leadership class and you bear witness to these fine Sailors having that "aha" moment, knowing you just gave those Sailors a new tool to put in that leadership toolbox and, now, they are going to go out and make a difference. With their newly found knowledge and skills, they will raise the professionalism bar a little higher and make a difference in the lives of others; that is what really fires me up, Shipmates! I'd like to share one of my favorite quotes from Dale Carnegie, "You should always seek to learn something from every person that touches your life." I can tell you that with every class I facilitate, these great Sailors ALWAYS give me something to add to my leadership toolbox; sometimes it is something profound; sometimes it is just a slight nuance of an old principle . . . regardless, they are all great lessons. Many Sailors have asked me the question, "How can I get there?" The reality is this: there is no absolute answer. What I can share with you are the common traits of those Sailors I have the distinct honor of calling my friends that made it to Washington, DC, both AC and RC. First and foremost, have an incredible passion for our Navy and our Sailors; put service over self; have a continuous improvement

ATC(AW/NAC) Todd P. Brooks

Center for Naval Leadership Midwest Region

mindset. Each of these Sailors was striving to be a better person in every facet of his/her life. Understand that no one is perfect; but being able to look at yourself, make an honest assessment, and, then, work toward personal change is a rare, admirable quality. Enthusiasm, determination, initiative, and a genuine care for others are all traits that will never go out of style. They are, indeed, timeless and will help you succeed in any endeavor. If you wrap all this up and, then, lead the drive toward accomplishing the Big Navy mission-unit support, sailorization, and teamwork, Shipmate, you'll be doing everything within your control. The remaining factors are in the hands of the Chief's mess and God!




ep e



... p

Important Medicare/TFL Decision at Age 65

Whether you picked up early Social Security benefits or plan to wait until age 66, if you are still working and enrolled in an employer health plan, you need to contact your local Social Security office at age 65. Why? Two important reasons: 1) If you delay enrolling in Medicare Part B (because you are covered by an employer plan), you will incur a 10% penalty in premiums for every year of delay; 2) If not enrolled in Medicare Part B, you have no TRICARE for Life until you enroll. If you are covered by your employer's health plan and want to delay Medicare premiums until after your working career, you need to coordinate the deferral of Medicare with the Social Security office. You are allowed to defer Medicare if you are covered by an employer health plan that provides equal benefits as Medicare. Properly deferring Medicare will negate the 10% premium penalty for each year you delay in applying for Medicare. However, deferring Medicare, specifically Part B, will also defer your entitlement to TRICARE for Life. Deferring Medicare properly will qualify you for a special enrollment period (SEP) when you are ready to pick up Medicare. The special enrollment period may occur during any month you are covered under a group health plan based on current employment, or during the eight-month period that begins the first full month after employment or group health plan coverage ends, whichever comes first.

with Current Information for Navy Reservists and Retirees

By Tom McAtee

Need a DD-214 From the National Personnel Records Center (NPRC)?

The NPRC has made the request process for documents a bit easier by instituting an on-line request. To make a request for a DD 214, go to http:// The new Web-based application was designed to provide better service on requests by eliminating the records center's mailroom and processing time. Other individuals with a need for documents must still complete the Standard Form 180, which can be downloaded from the on-line Web site.

Inactive Point Accrual Per Anniversary Year Raised From 90 to 130 By NDAA 2008

The maximum total of inactive retirement points per anniversary year under 10 USC 12733 has been raised to 130. Any anniversary year that includes the date of 30 October 2007 is subject to the new maximum point rule. Remember, active duty points are in addition to the new maximum.

Retirement Age Below Age 60 Under Certain Conditions

(Note ­ Service performed before 29 January 2008 does not qualify under this new provision of law). The NDAA for FY 2008 provides for the reduction of age below age 60 to receive a Reserve retirement. A reduction of 90 days below age 60 for each aggregate 90 days of active service performed in any fiscal year is authorized. Eligible service includes recall to active duty for a contingency operation or recall to active duty by the Service Secretary. Specific eligible recall authorities are specified in Title 10 United States Code sections 101(a), (13)(B), and 12301(d). Eligible service must be performed 30 January 2008 or beyond. It should be noted that services and military service organizations, like NRA, are lobbying Congress to make the effective date of service performed retroactive to 11 September 2001.

Future Active Duty Pay Hike

The Administration's budget for FY 2009 calls for a military pay increase of 3.4%.

TRICARE for Life EOB Now Mailed Only Once a Month

For military retirees age 65 or older entitled to TFL, you can expect to receive Explanation of Benefits (EOB) on claims only once a month. However, you can view EOBs on-line and print them if you are registered for the service. To register, go to:



L e g i s l a t i ve Update

The Commission, the Future, and Family/Employer Readiness

By CAPT Ike Puzon

ecently, the Commission on the Guard and Reserves (CNGR) released their final report. Many individuals, associations, and agencies are reviewing this report. We recently provided you with our initial opinion. The findings deserve your attention and considerations. As we anticipated when we assisted in the creation of the CNGR, the recommendations are aggressive and deserve national attention prior to being implemented. We have provided a point paper on our Web site under "Legislation" that addresses the majority opinion of the Naval Reserve Association and those opinions on the CNGR that we have received to date. The Commission on the National Guard and Reserves made 95 recommendations with 163 findings. To seek more detailed understanding of the recommendations and opinions, on 14 Feb. 2008, I led a delegation of 17 Associations to the Commission's offices. We had a private debriefing with Chairman Punaro, Commissioner Lewis (Manpower and Personnel), and Commissioner Ball (Readiness). The following are "take-aways" from that meeting. The Commissioners strongly reiterated that their recommendations are a place to begin the national discussions and that some recommendations push the policy and legislative limits and will take generations to implement. Most of their personnel and manpower recommendations were based on their understanding and view of what the "millennial" (or future) workforce will be. This future workforce is defined by human capital experts that I am sure know the battlefield and the halls of high schools and colleges. In the vision statement for the Commission, they state: "In the future, National Guard and Reserves service members will perform missions vital to U.S. national interest at home and abroad as part of a flexible, accessible, costeffective operational force that retains a necessary strategic ability to surge." This vision statement is packed full of challenges. If you consider the history of the Total Force policy, what has changed for the National Guard and Reserves service members? It is difficult to see


how the Guard and Reserves would have remained ready for today's operational reserve policy, if Congress was not involved. Nevertheless, the Guard and Reserves have performed as expected: > Over 615,000 Reserve members have been recalled to active duty; > Over 153,000 Reserve members have been recalled to OIF/OEF at least twice; > Of the over 799,791 OEF/OIF service members (all service members) separated through August 2007: o 51% are Reserve/Guard Components o 49% are Active Duty Components > National Guard and Reserves members are being asked to leave not just their families (as do Active Duty), but also their primary employers; > It can be shown that in fact the Guard and Reserves have always been ready, relevant, and reliable; > Congress in the past believed the Guard and Reserve to be a relevant force and provided the assets because the Active Component would not. (For the record, it has taken over 30 years to get the Total Force policy to current levels.) Throughout the history of the National Guard and Reserves Components, their mandate was then and is now to be ready and able when called for any mission, not just the mission requirements so stated in mobilization documents. In the overwhelming majority of cases, Guard and Reserves members, their families, or their employers were ready, reliable, or relevant. The issue was, and is still, in most cases (which the Total Force policy was an implementation tool for Congress to force the services and DoD) to provide the proper equipment and resources for the Guard and Reserve to be ready and compensated properly when called from the strategic force. Now the CNGR is calling for the services and DoD to include Guard and Reserve equipment in a Total Force requirement. Will it take another 30 years for the equipment to be available? Many believe that if Congress had not provided the directions, resources, and mandates for the National Guard and the Federal Reserve force to

have the equipment, resources, and manpower policies, today's Operational Reserve policy may have not been possible. Reserve Component doubters prior to Gulf War One and current OIF/OEF did not believe that when called in mass that the Reserve Component members would be there and be ready. History has once again proven that Guard and Reserve members are ready and relevant. It is no longer important what got these honorable volunteers to this point. What is important that the CNGR recognized that we have an Operational Reserve and still do need a strategic reserve. I do not agree with the way the CNGR has laid it out, since I believe the effort was to create a standing Reserve Operational force ­ that looks exactly like an Active Duty force. The massive changes that are recommended by the Commission on the Guard and Reserve are not necessarily in the best interest of the actual Guard and Reserve members and units, since the recommendations further solidify the reductions in some Reserve Components at a time they are being called on more and more. Family and employer readiness is addressed in six recommendations. But, they are loose suggestions that do not mandate DoD and the services to take action. Additionally, even though it is mentioned, a Strategic Reserve force is viewed in passing as necessary. Recently, the majority of the Reserve Chiefs mention that equipment to train Reserve Component members is a critical need at this time. Manning policies (recruiting and retaining) with proper end strengths for their force is mentioned by all Reserve Chiefs that have equipment and hardware units. In short, the current round of leaders see; equipment, manpower issues, and family readiness as still their priority needs. These critical needs have remained constant over the life of the Total Force policy. The Operational Reserve policy in place does not support a Strategic Reserve, and there is very little direction on how to get there from these recommendations that ensure actual family readiness, employer support, and manning the force. Without these there can not be an Operational Reserve force.



Health Affairs

The Skinny on Fat

walls of your arteries, making them hard and narrow (atherosclerosis). High-density lipoprotein (HDL) or "good" cholesterol which picks up excess cholesterol and takes it back to your liver. A higher lever of HDL is associated with a lower risk of heart disease.

CDR Marian Cioe, NC, USN National VP for Health Programs

nergy is stored in the body mostly in the form of fat that aids in the absorption of vitamins A, D, E, and K. When eaten in moderation, fat is important for proper growth, development, and maintenance of good health. As a food ingredient, fat provides taste, consistency, and stability and helps you feel full. Fats are an especially important source of calories and nutrients for infants and toddlers (up to two years of age) who have the highest energy needs per unit of body weight of any age group. We all need to include some fat in our diets to remain healthy, but not all fats are equal in terms of their effects on our health. Cholesterol plays essential roles in the formation of cell membranes, some hormones, and vitamin D. Too much cholesterol in the blood can build up inside the arteries. These deposits, called plaque, can narrow an artery enough to slow or block blood flow. This narrowing process is call atherosclerosis and commonly occurs in arteries that nourish the heart. Plaque can rupture, causing blood clots that may lead to heart attack, stroke, or sudden death. However, the buildup of cholesterol can be slowed, stopped, and even reversed. Although it is still important to limit the amount of cholesterol you eat, especially if you have diabetes, which increases your chances of having a heart attack or a stroke, dietary cholesterol isn't nearly the villain it's been portrayed to be. There are two main types of cholesterol: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or "bad" cholesterol which transports cholesterol throughout your body. LDL cholesterol, when elevated over time, builds up in the


LDL Tar gets: 160 mg/dL = high 130 mg/dL = good target for most healthy people 100 mg/dL = target if you have other risk factors for heart disease 70 mg/dL = target if you already have heart disease HDL Targets: 40-50 mg/dL = normal for healthy men 50-60 mg/dL = normal for healthy women 40 mg/dL = lower for men or women is considered risky and the lower the value, the greater the risk There are two types of fat: 1) Saturated ­ the main dietary cause of high blood cholesterol. It is found mostly in foods from animals and some plants. Animals include beef, beef fat, veal, lamb, pork, lard, poultry fat, butter, cream, milk, cheeses and other dairy products made from whole and 2 percent milk. Plants include coconut, coconut oil, palm oil, and palm kernel oil (often called tropical oils) and cocoa butter. 2) Unsaturated Monounsaturated ­ found in canola, peanut, and olive oils Polyunsaturated ­ found in sunflower, corn, and soybean oils It is the unsaturated fat that is the healthier choice to make. The process of hydrogenation was first discovered around the turn of the 20th century by French chemist, Paul Sabatier. Shortly after, German chemist, Wilhelm Normann, developed a hydrogenation process using hydrogen gas, a chemical process that hardens vegetable oils and turns them into solid or semisolid fats (trans fats). They may also be produced when vegetable oils are heated to fry foods at very high temperatures. Since trans fats are more solid than oil, they are less likely

to spoil. Using trans fats in the manufacturing of foods helps foods stay fresh longer, have a longer shelf life, and have a less greasy feel. The use of partially hydrogenated fats accelerated in the 1960's through the 80's as food producers responded to public health recommendations to move away from animal fats and tropical oils. At the time, partially hydrogenated fats seemed to be a good alternative, particularly because of their stability, cost availability, and functionality. Before the 1990's, limited data was available on the health effects of trans fats. In 1990, scientists made a startling discovery: trans fats appeared to both increase LDL cholesterol and decrease HDL cholesterol ­ just the opposite of what you'd like to happen. Small amounts of trans fat occur naturally in some meat and dairy products, but it is the trans fats in PROCESSED foods that seem to be more harmful. Since January 2006, manufacturers in the United States have been required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to list trans fat content on nutrition labels. Some companies have changed their manufacturing process to use little or no trans fat. But, don't think a trans fat-free food is automatically good for you. Food manufacturers have begun substituting other ingredients for trans fat. Some of these ingredients, such as tropical oils ­ coconut, palm kernel and palm oils ­ contain a lot of saturated fat. In the U.S., the labeling requirement has a caveat. Trans fat that amounts to less than 0.5 grams per serving can be listed as 0 grams trans fat on the food label. Though that's a small amount of trans fat, if you eat multiple servings of foods with less than 0.5 grams of trans fat, you could exceed recommended limits. If you consume 2,000 calories a day, the American Heart Association (AHA) recommends 2 grams of trans fat or less. In the U.S., food nutrition labels don't list a Percent (%) Daily Value for trans fat because it's not known what an appropriate level of trans fat is, other than it should be low. As a result, consumers may see a few products that list 0 grams trans fat on the label, while the ingredient list may have

Cont'd. on page 25



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RE COR D RAIL GU N TEST P L ANN E D The Navy had a "record-breaking" test shot of its developmental electromagnetic rail gun at the Naval Surface Warfare Center in Dahlgren, VA. The gun fires a projectile with electricity, rather than gunpowder. A shell is launched at 7 Mach through the electromagnetic rails into the atmosphere for about one minute, flies out of the atmosphere for four minutes, and then descends to Earth toward its target at 5 Mach in approximately one minute. The projectile is guided using the Global Positioning System. CAPTAIN 'S GIG IS GO ING AWAY ON C A R R I E R S Carrier skippers are losing a traditional status symbol under a Navy directive issued in January. The captain's gig, the motorboat set aside to ferry commanding officers to shore when their ships are anchored away from land, is being phased out of the fleet to provide more space on the inside deck. Under a directive issued by Naval Air Forces, all 11 carriers will be required to turn in their captain's gigs before 30 June 2009. Admiral's barges, another variety of boat traditionally carried aboard carriers, aren't effected by the gig withdrawal. Captain's gigs will stay aboard the amphibious assault ships and other surface ships that now carry them. NEW SUB NAMES HONOR STATES, P R E V I OU S S HI P S The next three Virginia-class attack boats scheduled to join the fleet will be known as the Missouri, the California and the Mississippi. Missouri Rep. Ike Skelton, the Democratic Chair of the House Armed Services Committee, wasted no time praising Navy Secretary Donald Winter for granting the Missouri name the first of the scheduled ships, heretofore known by its designation SNN 780. Each new submarine inherits a name used in the fleet before. The new Missouri will be the fourth ship to bear that name; the new California, the seventh; and the new Mississippi, the fifth. BURIAL AT SEA The attack submarine USS Pasadena laid to rest the remains of Rear Admiral Eugene Fluckey over the exact spot where his WW II sub, the USS Barb, rescued 14 POWs during the war. Under his command, the USS Barb sank more enemy ships than any other submarine in the war. He was awarded the Medal of Honor and four Navy Crosses. RESERVIST CLAIMS JOB DENIAL Food Lion's corporate headquarters is investigating a claim by a Navy Reservist that he was turned down for a job at the chain's Gray's Creek grocery store because of his military commitments. If such a denial occurred, it would be against the law. It also would violate Food Lion corporate policy, said spokeswoman Karen Peterson. The Reservist said he applied for a job stocking shelves at the Gray's Creek Food Lion in midFebruary.



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Pr ofessional Development

Time to Apply

mission and the people depend greatly upon you. A good CO is an objective and positive leader who puts mission and people at the top of his/her list. If you select any billet through APPLY, your first choice needs to be that of Commanding Officer. I can tell you it is well worth the effort. Here are the five steps to success. Step 1 ­ Go the APPLY Web site, download and read the CNRF 5400 Note, the basic instruction for APPLY. Key items to look for include who can apply, schedule and deadlines, mailing addresses for updates, letters to the board, precepts and other items of importance. Yes, you will need to read this twice so set aside some time and plan your future. Access the APPLY Web site from https://navyreserve. Step 2 ­ Review your service record. This is what the APPLY Board will see when they consider you for billets you have selected on your Dream Sheet. If they see a record with gaps or missing fitreps, the impression will be that you do not care about your record. This is not the impression to make. Order a CDROM of your record at Look for missing and illegible FITREPS, missing awards, schools, and NOBCs. If you recently completed a school and have the certificate, send a copy. A Naval Reserve Association service record review is highly recommended. Go to and look under the "Career Development" tab for more information. Step 3 ­ Register for APPLY. All Reserve officers, regardless of tenure in billet, should register to validate the RHS/NSIPS databases and to screen your own service record. Senior officers/mentors also do this to understand the process each year. Step 4 ­ Complete your Dream Sheet. What are you willing to accept and where? The more restrictions you place upon yourself with limited choices, the more difficult it is for the Board to select you for a billet. To maximize your chances of selection, do the following: Try to use all 35 selections. It may seem like a lot; but with many people applying for the same billets, you limit yourself with fewer choices. Next, check the "I will accept jobs for which I did not apply" box to allow the Board to assign you other billets that you may qualify. Regarding travel radius, select this as wide as you can tolerate. Remember, if selected, the radius will be used. If you ask for any billet, regardless of radius, you could find yourself flying out of CONUS. Be careful, but be aware that a small radius will limit your chances for selection. One additional reminder: If you do not meet the requirements of the job, do not apply. Your record must reflect your qualifications. If selected for a job and you do not qualify, you may forfeit the job. Read the billet screen details carefully. Step 5 ­ Apply for membership on the APPLY Board, but only if you are not applying for a billet this year. If this is your status, you owe it to yourself to experience the APPLY Board either as a Board member or as a Recorder. The chief advantage is that you will gain perspective as to how the process works and what the Board looks for when selecting candidates for billets. You can then look at your own record with a fresh perspective and make the changes now that will affect your own career. In addition, you will become a better mentor. Junior officer APPLY began on 1 OCT 2007. All Reserve junior officers can now log in and register and review non-command JO billet opportunities. I logged on and was able to browse through 2,030 billets currently available. For more information on Junior Officer APPLY, go to the link on the APPLY Web site. Finally, you will be interested in knowing the rate of selection for your paygrade. For example, the FY06 Unrestricted Line APPLY Board results looked like this:

O-4 O-5 O-6

CAPT William A. Emslie, USN National VP for Professional Development


t is time to get serious about the FY09 APPLY cycle. The timeline is on the NRA Web site at Here is a summary of the important APPLY dates and deadlines:

* 31 March: APPLY Board and Board support application deadline. Start at APPLY Web site link from Navy Reserve private site at mil/Login.aspx. * 30 April: Deadline for COMNAVRESFORCOM (N12) to notify Board members and support staff of selection via e-mail. * 1 May-13 June: COMNAVRESFORCOM will advertise billet vacancies for review only. * 15 June-31 July: First day for application and "Dream Sheet" update. * 31 July: Final day for application and "Dream Sheet" updates. On-line APPLY registration closed at 2400 (CST). * 11 August: FY09 APPLY Board begins. NEPLO and Intel panels convene. * 29 August: FY09 APPLY Board adjourns. * 15 September: Final day to accept or decline Board selected billet assignment via APPLY Web site. * 1 December: No earlier, execute FY09 APPLY Board orders. What steps should you take to maximize your chances of receiving a billet for FY09? First and foremost, there are no jobs in the Navy Reserve that are as satisfying as that of Commanding Officer. These are the premier jobs, an opportunity to exercise your leadership and get results. You drive the unit. The success of the


18.2% % CO/OIC % Non-Command 0.0% Total Opportunity 18.2%

4.1% 10.6% 26.0% 12.4% 30.0% 23.1%

Will you be one of those selected? Be competitive. Do what is right. APPLY now. You can reach me at [email protected]

Let t ers- to- the -e ditor reflect the opinions of their writers only. Neither the officers nor the staff of the Naval Reserve Association endorse the viewpoints expressed here. The editor of N RA N ews reserves the right to publish only those letters that appeal to a broad readership and to edit any letter for length, grammar, and clarity.


Ne ws



Dear Captain McAtee, I have just read your letter (my Happy 64th Birthday/TRICARE for Life letter). I don't know when I have received a document with more significant information in just over a page. I am impressed and informed! You have answered more Medicare/TRICARE questions than I have been able to obtain in volumes of documents. And then, I have had to research these publications, in detail, to fine the answers, sometimes reading between the lines. Every month, I read the Naval Reserve Association NEWS cover-to-cover. I appreciate all the headquarters staff is doing to keep its members informed and represented. Thank you. Dean G. Barber Commander, USNR (Ret) Dear Admiral Coane, Thank you for providing the interview with Secretary Coulter. It touched on many issues that have become so important to me personally in the last few years. It was also interesting to see in the concurrent issue of The Navy Reservist and all the references to new global maritime initiatives. While assigned to U.S. Northern Command, I had the opportunity to talk to RADM Metcalf about the critical need to build strategic partnerships not just within the U.S. interagency, but also with international partners who can serve as force multipliers in the mission of homeland defense. Getting Navy FAO to enter the reserves after completing their active duty obligated service should certainly be a Navy Reserve goal. However, the new initiative to reinvigorate the FAO program is modeled on the U.S. Army program, where an individual opts to become a FAO after qualifying and serving a few years in another career field, like artillery or infantry. Over the next few years, the Navy FAO community will be grown taking officers from a warfare specialty that are choosing between leaving active duty, or entering the FAO career pipeline. While this renewed initiative to create a FAO community is more likely to succeed, the community won't mature until about 2015, the RC won't have much shot at picking up FAOs with AC experience until after that.. Not to say we can't make Navy Reserve FAOs. There should be an option for FTS to

choose the FAO career path, or to allow active component FAOs to transition to the FTS community. And as PDASD Coulter pointed out, there is substantial talent already residing within the reserve force. I had a couple of NATO assignments, and served two years working closely with the U.S. Consulate in Curacao (somebody had to do it!). Those experiences all came as a reservist, and qualified me to ultimately serve an 18-month tour as the Deputy POLAD at NORAD/US Northern Command, to include three months as the acting POLAD when State Department gapped the billet. Another geographic COCOM had a Navy Reservist deputy POLAD and was so enthused with his ability, they retained him as a civil servant when they could no longer keep him on ADSW (both ADM Keating and GEN Renuart felt pretty strongly about keeping the deputy POLAD at NORTHCOM as a military member. My assigned task from ADM Keating was to find a permanent replacement, which I did: a U.S. Army FAO). All this to say, there is more existing baseline knowledge for creating a Reservist FAO than might be assumed. Simple JO functions like using the Foreign Clearance Guide to plan detachments or planning for Non-Combatant Evacuation Operations (NEO), which are conducted at the direction of and coordinated with the U.S. State Department are examples. These tasks provide the initial exposure; with some foreign language proficiency, and a structured plan for development (with access to SIPRNET resources), a reserve unit supporting major staff could build their own surge FAO capacity. Jerry Bouts Captain, USNR Dear Admiral Coane, Thank you for two inspiring stories juxtaposed to one another. LCDR Rogers' column, Learn to be "nosy," is a call to all to never quit trying when we know there is a problem to be solved. Over the years, I have thought many times that I could have, should have, been more persistent, tried harder. This thought is never more heartrending than when an individual is involved, a subordinate, an enlisted man, who is looking to his off icer for an answer. My chief

boatswain's mate father always told me to "Take care of your men, first!" Dad's admonition is a good summary of John Paul Jones' dictum. It is a sense of "personal honor." LCDR Rogers is going to make a fine senior officer. Deputy Assistant Secretary Coulter's inspiring message also reminds us to never quit trying. We can learn to work together to solve the nation's problems, especially terrorism. I ruefully admit that I have never been fond of the Department of State nor its efforts on behalf of our nation. Rather, I have seen them as subversive on many occasions. Secretary Coulter has indicated that security professionals are starting to understand the requirement that we work together for the national good. He clearly demonstrates that an individual, working on his sense of "personal honor" can, and will, make a difference. I'm proud to be part of a Navy that can produce men of this caliber. Charles E. Block Captain, USNR (Ret) Dear Admiral Coane, As I started to read YNCS Hensley's "Enlisted Programs" article, I was hoping to read inspiring stories of enlisted CBs building schools in Afghanistan, or Corpsmen saving lives in Iraq, or Information Technology Specialists repairing computer networks in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina. Instead, YNCS Hensley fumes about officers usurping the roles of chiefs and how chiefs need to take back their rightful place and proudly show that chiefs do make the Navy run. He encourages chiefs to "take back the deck plates." What is his point? What is MCPON Campa teaching the Chief Petty Officers these days? Our nation is engaged in two difficult wars in far-away places. If we want to win these wars, we will need the skills and experience of every Sailor -- officers and enlisted. Last time I checked, we were all on the same team. So let's stop all this posturing and bickering, roll up our sleeves --whatever color they are -- and get to work. Our Navy ... our Armed Forces ... and our country need us! Mike Cantwell Commander


Junior Of ficer s Column

Red Storm Rising

"China's naval modernization raises potential issues for Congress concerning the role of China in Department of Defense (DoD) and Navy planning; the size of the Navy; the Pacific Fleet's share of the Navy; forward homeporting of Navy ships in the Western Pacific; the number of aircraft carriers, submarines, and ASW-capable platforms; Navy missile defense, air-warfare, AAW, ASW, and mine warfare programs; Navy computer network security; and EMP hardening of Navy systems." In 2007, published a telling report on China's emerging Navy which can be found in its entirety on the World Wide Web. The following are some important highlights. "As of 2007, the PLA Navy (PLAN) numbered 290,000 personnel. According to the U.S. Department of Defense's Annual Report to Congress on The Military Power of the People's Republic of China for 2006, the PLAN had 70 principal combatants (25 destroyers and 45 frigates); 55 submarines (50 diesel and 5 nuclear); some 50 medium and heavy amphibious lift ships (an increase of over 14% since 2005); and about 45 coastal missile patrol craft. In May 2007, the Annual Report noted that the PLAN had 72 principal combatants, 58 submarines, some 50 medium and heavy amphibious lift ships, and about 41 coastal missile patrol craft. "In addition, there is a large fleet of about 600 landing craft, both military and civilian, that could be used for ship-toshore operations, as well as a handful of air cushion vehicles. Using these assets, China can sealift about one division of 10,000 men. The PLAN also has hundreds of smaller landing craft, barges, and troop transports, all of which could be used together with fishing boats, trawlers, and civilian merchant ships to augment the naval amphibious fleet. The size of the major surface combatant fleet has been relatively stable, with older ships slowly being replaced by newer Chinese-built destroyers and frigates. "The PLAN continues to have longstanding concerns about its capability to engage enemy aircraft, cruise missiles, and precision-guided munitions. This problem is becoming more significant as the Navy strives to operate away from the protection of land-based air defenses. PLAN surface combatants have a limited, and primarily self-defense, antiair warfare (AAW) capability. Only about twelve of its destroyers and frigates are outfitted with SAM systems; the others are armed only with AAA and possibly man-portable air defense systems. In addition, PLAN warships lack the modern air surveillance systems and data links required for area air defense missions. The combination of short-range weapons and lack of modern surveillance systems limits the PLAN to self-defense and point-defense antiair warfare only. Consequently, except in unusual circumstances, no PLAN ship is capable of conducting air defense of another ship. Additionally, the PLAN could not reliably defend against either current or projected antiship cruise missiles (ASCM). China has recognized the importance of countering low-observable aircraft and cruise missiles. Engineering efforts to develop air defense systems capable of detecting and eventually engaging these systems are underway. "The size of the major surface combatant fleet has been relatively stable, with older ships slowly being replaced by newer Chinese-built destroyers and frigates. To increase the survivability of its surface combatants, the Navy seeks to acquire modern antisubmarine and antiaircraft systems. It has had little success in developing these systems and now seeks technical assistance from Russia and, reportedly, Israel. China's modernization efforts likely are focused on developing torpedoes with state-of-theart homing and propulsion systems capable of operating in acoustically challenging shallow-water environments. China also may seek advanced torpedo countermeasures like mobile decoys and hard-kill anti-torpedo torpedoes to increase the survivability of its surface ships and submarines." Every present day junior officer in the United States Navy should not let escape from his/her "radar" the potential storm which is rising in the Pacific: A storm with clouds which are not gray, but, instead, RED!

LCDR Steven L. Rogers, USN National VP for Junior Officers

n a speech made on 7 February 2007, Navy Secretary Donald Winter stated: "Naval forces must be ready, above all, to conduct major combat operations should the need arise. We cannot ignore events and trends that reinforce that belief. A recent White Paper prepared by the Chinese military outlined a three-step strategy for modernizing its defense, to include its blue-water ambitions. The third step in their strategy states as a strategic goal, `Building modernized armed forces and being capable of winning modern, net-centric wars by the mid-21st century.' This document implicitly suggests that China hopes to be in a position to challenge successfully the United States, a challenge that would certainly entail blue-water operations." As the American people and leaders have focused their attention on the Global War on Terrorism, China has focused its attention on building the most powerful blue-water Navy on earth. The issue of China's Navy should not go unnoticed by today's junior officers, for they may be the very individuals challenged by what has the potential of becoming a serious threat to our national security. On 18 October 2007, the Congressional Research Service published a 104-page report to Congress, detailing China's Navy modernization program and the impact it will have on U.S. Navy operations by the mid twenty-first century. The introduction of this report states, "China's naval modernization has potential implications for required U.S. Navy capabilities in terms of preparing for a conflict in the Taiwan Strait area, maintaining U.S. Navy presence and military influence in the Western Pacific, and countering Chinese ballistic missile submarines.



Navy Expeditionary Combat Command Executing the Navy's Maritime Strategy In an Expanded Battlespace

By MC1 Jennifer Smith Navy Expeditionary Combat Command Public Affairs

Sailors assigned to Riverine Squadron One (RIVRON-1) participate in a combat evolution, during a unit level training exercise. RIVRON-1 is a part of the newly formed Navy Expeditionary Combat Command. (U.S. Navy Photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Mandy McLaurin)

s the Global War on Terror progresses, the United States is fighting an enemy that is unpredictable. According to The Honorable William Navas, Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) in the May 2004 issue of Naval Reserve Association News, the Navy no longer wants the Reserve force to support simply the Navy. Now it's become critical they fill the same roles, deploy to the same regions, and become indistinguishable from their Active Duty counterparts. That vision of Active and Reserve integration Navas spoke of nearly four years ago is a matter of fact for the Sailors of Navy Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC), the Navy's type commander for the Navy's expeditionary forces. Throughout NECC, Active and Reserve Sailors work and train side-by-side, whether in realistic training environments or deployments in support of various operations around the world. The Reserve force within NECC is a critical component of the expeditionary forces worldwide missions. With their Active Duty counterparts, their contributions have increased force capability and capacity in the expeditionary environment. "NECC's Reserve Component forces are operational reserves --


they conduct missions just as our Active forces do," said RADM Mike Tillotson, NECC Commander. "Reserves make up nearly 50 percent of NECC. They are essential to NECC's combat capability and are necessary to meet mission requirements around the world."

Who is NECC?

In the past two years since its creation, NECC has evolved from a mere idea of becoming a single functional command for the Navy's expeditionary force to ealizing fully that idea and becoming a global force provider of adaptive force packages of expeditionary capabilities to maritime and joint warfighting commanders. In its short two-year history, NECC units have become fully trained and equipped; and they have deployed to more than 40 countries in support of worldwide maritime security operations As one of the Navy's type commanders, NECC centrally manages the current and future readiness, resources, manning, training, and equipping of approximately 40,000 expeditionary Sailors ­ including individual augmentees ­ who are currently serving in every theater of operation. These capabilities include naval construction, dive and salvage, and explosive ordnance disposal (EOD), which have been a part of the Navy for several decades. Not only did NECC bring some



existing forces together, but also they introduced and restructured new capabilities, such as maritime civil affairs, expeditionary intelligence, and expeditionary training. Today, more than 11,000 expeditionary Sailors, more than half of whom are serving as individual augmentees, are deployed around the globe in support of the new "Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower," a joint maritime strategy signed by the Chief of Naval Operations, Commandant of the Marine Corps, and Commandant of the Coast Guard that applies maritime power to the crucial responsibility of protecting U.S. assets in an increasingly interconnected and multipolar world. "NECC directly supports all core maritime capabilities vital to the success of the Maritime Strategy," said Tillotson. "We conduct the full spectrum of operations, from shaping the environment and preventing war to major combat operations. In addition, within our existing forces, we have the capability and capacity to conduct humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations." NECC provides a full spectrum of capabilities, which include:

RIVRON-1, conducts an orientation ride on Lake Qadisiya, the man-made reservoir on the north side of Haditha Dam, currently supporting the 2nd Marine Expeditionary Force in the Al Anbar province of Iraq. (U.S. Navy Photo by Senior Chief Mass Communication Specialist Jon E. McMillan)


NECC's Riverine forces establish and maintain control of rivers and waterways for military and civil purposes, deny their use to hostile forces, and destroy waterborne hostile forces as necessary. The Riverine force combats sea-based terrorism and other illegal activities, such as transporting components of weapons of mass destruction, hijacking, piracy, and human trafficking.


Since the Riverines were formally established in May 2006, NECC has stood up Riverine Group (RIVGRU) One and three Riverine Squadrons (RIVRON). In 2007, RIVRON One completed a successful seven-month deployment to western Iraq, conducting maritime security operations on the inland waterways near the Haditha Triad. RIVRON Two relieved its sister squadron in October. "Our squadron's mission was successful because we made a huge impact on the war in Iraq," said CDR William Guarini, Commanding Officer of RIVRON One. "We were very effective in our mission.

We operated with the Marines, Army, and Iraqis. I believe the Navy Riverines have a bright future ahead of them. Riverines have a unique capability to operate with foreign navies who don't have large ships, but have a large navy based off patrol boats."

these forces allows rapid response and assistance, whether in the United States or around the globe.

Explosive Ordnance Disposal

U.S. Navy Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) is one of the world's premier combat forces for countering improvised explosive devices, weapons of mass destruction, and all other types of weaponry. An elite team of warriors, Navy EOD technicians are the "first in" ­ enabling combat operations in every environment ­ on the ground, in the air, and under the sea. EOD technicians are combat enablers ­ clearing the battlefield of the enemy's weapon of choice ­ the IED ­ and providing access for other warfighters to complete their missions. In addition to rendering safe IEDs, EOD technicians collect evidence and data to allow ultimately coalition forces to track down and stop the actual bombmakers. "EOD techs enable access for combat forces, including the U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Army Special Operations Forces, and coalition partners. [EOD techs] are in combat, up close and personal, countering IEDs and making a difference on the battlefield. "By defeating the IED, we are defeating the enemy and saving lives in the process," said Tillotson. In addition to their work on the front lines in Iraq and Afghanistan, EOD has been a major contributor to theater security cooperation engagement throughout the world, covering more than 25 engagements in the past two years. EOD also recently conducted a coalition force survey of 16-year-old mine danger areas around the Iraqi oil platforms that were remaining from the first Gulf War. Their efforts were instrumental to maritime safety, the development of the Iraqi economy, and regional stability. To meet the high demand of EOD technicians, a new EOD unit, EOD Mobile Unit 12 (EODMU-12) was established in Janaury. EODMU-12 is unique in that it is the first EOD mobile unit created from the ground up with the command and control structure to deploy overseas as an entire mobile unit. In the past, EOD detachments deployed while the mobile unit headquarters element remained in homeport. "[In the months ahead], we will take the entire command cadre, put it through an extensive evaluation process, and push it forward to the battlefield to bring combat power to the Navy component commanders and combatant commanders in theater," said CAPT Frank Morneau, Commander, EOD Group Two. Adding EODMU-12 to the East Coast-based EOD Group Two provides three mobile units to meet requirements for U.S. Central Command, expeditionary strike groups, carrier strike groups, and Naval Special Warfare. The addition of EODMU-12 will ultimately increase time-in-homeport for EOD technicians. EOD Operational Support Unit 10, EOD's East Coast Reserve unit, mobilized and deployed seven ordnance clearance platoons to conduct antiterrorism/force protection diving operations in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. In another step toward Active-Reserve integration, the Navy created an EOD technician rating for the Reserve Force 1 Oct. 2007. The new rating aligns the Reserve EOD community with its Active counterparts, as part of the Navy's continuing Active-Reserve integration, while increasing total force EOD readiness and supporting optimal manning.


Naval Construction

The Naval Construction Force ­ commonly known as the Seabees ­ provide a wide range of construction in support of operational forces, including roads, bridges, bunkers, airfields, and logistics bases. They are capable of providing responsive support to disaster recovery operations, performing civic action projects to improve relations with other nations, and providing antiterrorism and force protection for personnel and construction projects.

Builder 2nd Class Michael Schneider (left) attached to Naval Mobile Construction Battalion (NMCB) 7, rakes concrete with his Navy Seabee counterpart, Fireman 1st Class Builder Elmer Ang. They are part of over 50 Seabees working on an Engineering Civic Action Prject (ENCAP). (U.S. Navy Photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Dave Gordon)

The Seabees ­ whether Active Duty or Reserves ­ are deployed throughout the world, from Pacific Command's area of operations to Iraq to Africa and everywhere in between. Since the beginning of the United States' involvement in World War II, the Seabees have lived under the motto of "We Build; We Fight." Seabees enable access for combat forces. Underwater Construction Team (UCT) 2 proved this in Iraq last summer. The small unit of 16 divers constructed a boat ramp and floating pier for RIVRON-1, which enhanced the operability of the squadron by allowing boats to be staged in a manner that is more expeditious for deployment when the squadron needs to react quickly. The ramps simplified launch and recovery of the boats, making the job of maintaining the boats an easier task to accomplish. Although combat service forces who are operating forward and moving with combat maneuver forces, Seabees also take part in shaping the global environment with the ultimate goal of preventing war through their forward presence and theater security cooperation activities. Operating forward, whether building schools or digging wells in remote locations around the globe, increases familiarity with regional partners. In addition, Seabees are critical to humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations, as in the cases of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, the earthquake in Pakistan October 2005, and the tsunami response in the Pacific December 2004. The expeditionary nature of

"As the Active EOD Component remains heavily engaged in missions in support of the [Global] War on Terrorism, and those requirements have significantly increased over the past few years to what the Active Force has the assets to provide, a decision was made by the EOD leadership to develop further the Reserve EOD capability by establishing a rating in the Reserves," said Command Master Chief (EWS) Farris Foresman of EOD Group Two. With the new rating, these Sailors are now able to focus on rating-specific technology and training systems, while broadening their professional development, career opportunities, and quality of service. In addition to the benefits for the Reserve Force Sailor, Active Duty EOD technicians separating from the Navy are now able to transfer directly into the Reserves while keeping their training and qualifications.

Navy continues to move forward with its expeditionary force presence, it will be folded into the concept of adaptive force packaging.

Expeditionary Diving and Salvage

Mobile diving and salvage units (MDSUs) provide expeditionary combat salvage capabilities that include mobile ship salvage, towing, battle-damage repair, deep-ocean recovery, harbor-clearance demolition and emergent underwater ship repair.

Maritime Expeditionary Security

The Maritime Expeditionary Security Force (MESF) supplies highly trained scalable and sustainable security teams capable of defending mission critical assets in the near-coast environment. These units provide worldwide maritime and inshore surveillance, security, and antiterrorism force protection, ground defense, afloat defense, airfield and aircraft security, and a wide range of secondary tasks, from detention operations to law enforcement. "Our Maritime Expeditionary Security Force (MESF), which is the transition from Naval Coastal Warfare (NCW) and has been traditionally all Reserves since Vietnam, recently created two Active Duty squadrons," said Tillotson. "This is just one of the many areas where we have improved the Active and Reserve integration." MESF works with Iraqi Marines to protect the oil platforms in the Arabian Gulf, which are key infrastructures that provide the lion's share of Iraq gross domestic product. Last summer, Maritime Security Squadrons participated in Exercise Seahawk in San Diego, CA. The exercise was intended to increase interoperability and enhance cooperation between the Navy and Coast Guard which may be called upon to respond to real-world Maritime Security Operations (MSO). These operations help set the conditions for security and stability in the maritime environment, as well as complement the counterterrorism and security efforts of regional nations. They also seek to disrupt violent extremists' use of the maritime environment as a venue for attack or to transport personnel, weapons, or other material. Another exercise that tested MESF's ability to conduct real-world operations was COMET ­ Command and Control, Operational, Maritime, Expeditionary Training. During that exercise, Sailors practiced a Level III visit, board, search, and seizure (VBSS), which uses helicopter insertion to land Sailors on the deck in the event of a noncompliant ship boarding. It takes more than just special skills to be able to complete this type of mission. According to Master-at-Arms 2nd Class Nathan Connor, it takes a lot of stamina and determination. "We're an energetic group, and we keep that intensity with us throughout the entire search," said Connor. "There are only 24 of us on the team, so we're like a close-knit family." This level of VBSS, using the helicopters for insertion and the training that goes with it, is a new capability for NECC; and as the


Navy Diver 1st Class Josh Moore welds a repair patch on the submerged bow of amphibious transport dock USS Ogden (LPD 5) while the ship was in port at Naval Base San Diego. (U.S. Navy Photo by Mass Communication Specialist Senior Chief Andrew McKaskie)

Navy MDSUs provide the only mobile diving and salvage capability in the Department of Defense, enabling access to waterways and helping the Navy transition from the blue and green waters up to rivers. Navy expeditionary divers were in the international spotlight last August when a team from MDSU-2 in Norfolk assisted with recovery and salvage efforts following the collapse of the I-35 bridge in Minneapolis, MN. The 17 divers and a five-person command and control element from NECC spent 15 days working with local, state, and federal authorities to find the missing victims of the collapse. The divers' efforts helped in the recovery of eight victims missing since the collapse. They also moved an estimated 50 tons of debris and wreckage during salvage and rescue efforts. MSDU-2's response exemplified Navy Expeditionary Combat Command's adaptive force packaging concept, by providing the right mix of expeditionary skills that are adaptable, responsive, and ready to accomplish any mission. Additionally, a command and control element from MDSU-1 in Pearl Harbor, HI, deployed in January in support of combat operations in the Central Command area of responsibility.

Navy Expeditionary Intelligence

Navy Expeditionary Intelligence Command (NEIC) delivers flexible, capable, and ready maritime expeditionary intelligence forces that respond rapidly to evolving irregular warfare area intelligence requirements. Intelligence teams supply expeditionary warfighters with timely, relevant intelligence to deny the enemy sanctuary, freedom of movement, and use of waterborne lines of communication while supported forces find, fix, and destroy the enemy and enemy assets within the operational environment.

Combat Camera

Combat Camera (COMCAM) generates video and still documentation of combat operations, contingencies, exercises, and Navy events of historical significance. NECC-COMCAM Norfolk is a visual information acquisition unit, dedicated to providing rapid response aerial, surface, and subsurface visual documentation of wartime operations. Late last year, six COMCAM Sailors received the Expeditionary Warfare (EXW) pin, making them the first mass communication specialists to receive the Navy's newest warfare qualification. In addition to being able to demonstrate a working knowledge of several subjects within the expeditionary warfare world, combat camera operators must prove to a panel of board members that they can function fluidly within the combat camera realm by mastering both video and still documentation, and basic news writing.

Earlier this year, 27 Sailors attached to NAVELSG left for a six-month deployment with the Army's Cargo Transfer Platoon 4 (CTP 4). Their primary mission while in Iraq is to support the Army during cargo transfers via aircraft. RADM Sharon H. Redpath, NAVELSG Commander, who is a Navy Reservist, emphasized the value of the CTP-4 mission. "The Army can now limit its ground convoys to deliver supplies partly because our cargo handlers are there to support their air cargo missions. This lessens the risks that come with convoys and allows our troops to focus on other vital work," Redpath said. "We are proud of the contribution our Sailors are making and the value they bring to the front lines. This is what we train for, and this mission is an excellent opportunity for them to put their expertise to use in a joint environment." And even more recently, 59 NAVELSG Active and Reserve Sailors traveled to McMurdo Station in Antarctica to deliver a one-year supply of food, equipment, and medicine for researchers living there.

Navy Expeditionary Logistics Support

Navy Expeditionary Logistics Support Group (NAVELSG) delivers worldwide expeditionary logistics to conduct port and air cargo handling missions, customs inspections, contingency contracting capabilities, fuels distribution, freight terminal and warehouse operations, postal service, and ordnance reporting and handling. These forces are critical to the Navy's ability to project and sustain power ashore. They assist by offloading forces quickly and enabling through-put. NAVELSG provides combat service support to the maneuver forces through Maritime Preposition Force (MPF) offloads, providing logistics over the shore ­ in short, transferring combat power from sea to shore. NAVELSG Sailors, more then 90 percent of whom are from the Reserve Component, support the customs and cargo handling missions in Kuwait and Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. In October 2007, Navy Customs Battalion TANGO, the sixth rotation of Navy Reservists mobilized to active duty and trained to serve as customs inspectors in support of OIF, deployed to the U.S. Central Command area of operation. TANGO's Reservists hail from more than 90 Navy Operational Support Centers in 36 states; Washington, DC; and Puerto Rico. "Our job will be to perform customs inspections for returning service members before leaving the theater, so they don't have to do it stateside and can go straight to their families when they return home," said Hull Technician 3rd Class Leah Delamarter, of Customs Battalion TANGO. TANGO recently marked a milestone on 15 Jan. when it processed its 100,000th homeward-bound passenger through a customs inspection. "The completion of 100,000 passengers by Navy Customs during this period is a significant milestone for U.S. Navy Customs," said CDR Mark Schwartzel, TANGO's Commanding Officer. "More passengers were processed during this short period of time than ever before. I am extremely proud of this accomplishment and look forward to their continued support of our returning heroes." Additionally, more than 240 Sailors forming Port Group GOLF deployed in November 2007 as the seventh rotation of Sailors supporting the cargo handling mission in the Middle East. GOLF and the NAVELSG Forward Headquarters oversee two major cargo handling missions in Kuwait to support combat troops in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Guard Battalion

NECC has administrative oversight for the 600 members of the Navy Expeditionary Guard Battalion in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. They are part of a joint task force there and are responsible for the safe and humane care and custody of the detainees in Guantanamo Bay. The guard battalion is fully educated in procedures, cultural and legal training, self-defense, first aid, nonlethal weapons, and qualifications for external security.

Maritime Civil Affairs

One of the key tenets of the new maritime strategy states that "preventing wars is as important as winning wars." To that end, building relationships overseas in order to prevent war and increasing understanding between the U.S. Navy and the global civil population is important. Maritime Civil Affairs is an enabling force that works directly with civil authorities and the civilian population to lessen the impact of military operations imposed during peacetime, contingency ops, and periods of declared war. Maritime civil affairs teams, each specially trained with cultural and language skills for a specific region, assess and evaluate a situation and tailor a plan to get the right capabilities there to enable the plan. "Essentially, what we do, at the request of the host government, is go into underdeveloped and undergoverned regions and work with other agencies to assess the local civil infrastructure," said CAPT Ken Schwingshakl, Commander of the Maritime Civil Affairs Group (MCAG). "We try and see what's not working and offer our expertise and assistance to coordinate improvements to their infrastructure." MCAG has deployed Maritime Civil Affairs Teams to operate in direct support of Combined Joint Task Force, Horn of Africa; U.S. Naval Forces Europe's (NAVEUR) Africa Partnership Station; and civil-military operations (CMO) projects in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). When Seabees from Naval Air Station Sigonella, Sicily, were rehabilitating a high school in the DRC, they were joined by MCAG Reservist Ensign Albert Gembara, the first civil affairs operator to deploy with Seabees to West and Central Africa. The rehabilitation of the school, which supports 1,500 students, is directly tied to NAVEUR's efforts to develop maritime security and safety in the region.


While in the DRC, Gembara was a key figure in building a working relationship between the United States Armed Forces and the Congolese military and population. While the Seabees were busy working on rebuilding the school, Gembara was working to build partnerships and friendships between the American Sailors and the Congolese natives. "This project demonstrated how we can achieve success when we all work together. In this case, the Navy component worked together with a foreign military and foreign populace on an important Humanitarian Civic Assistance project," said Gembara. "This was a joint cooperation among the Seabees, teachers, parents, students and the Congolese army." In addition, MCAG is leading CMO planning to incorporate Maritime Civil Affairs units into combatant commanders-sponsored deployments and missions including Continuing Promise in U.S. Southern Command, Pacific Partnership in U.S. Pacific Command, and in support of Naval Special Warfare Groups in Pacific and Central Commands.

Expeditionary Training

Expeditionary Training Command (ETC) delivers timely, focused, and customizable training to designated host nations. Mobile training teams develop curricula based on host nation requirements, in the host nation language, on a range of topics such as maritime combat operations, weapons, antiterrorism and force protection, small boat maintenance and construction, and leadership and professional development. "We are helping to build partners' capacity and capability so they can help prevent war with their own forces," said LCDR Scott Chafian, ETC's Executive Officer. "Having our expeditionary ability out front and building strategic partnerships increases their ability to prevent war."

similar to last year's GFS. One of those countries is Gabon, where ETC Sailors will be instructing the local population in small boat operations in order to provide maritime security for the fisheries in the area. "ETC was originally envisioned as a military-to-military training program, such as what we did during GFS [Swift]," said Chafian. "The missions we're conducting in support of APS have broadened our scope to paramilitary, the fisheries, and wildlife protection." So far, the training courses have proven highly successful according to the feedback ETC receives from its students. The comments show the ETC Sailors provided excellent training in native languages and were enthusiastic. "First, I want to thank you for the instruction given to us," said one Panamanian student. "I have learned new things that will help with my personal and professional life. They were excellent people and instructors, and I wish them the best. It was a beautiful experience; it was a complete training lesson, and I feel I have the capacity to fulfill a mission in respect to port security." "I thank the U.S. Navy for the information I received as well as the gesture of friendship," said a Nicaraguan student. A majority of the students had one thing they would like to see in future classes. A Guatemalan student summed it up by saying, "The training was good, but it can be better by bringing more training." According to Chafian, ETC has already traveled to Senegal to provide instruction to search and rescue swimmers and is planning future trips there. In addition, ETC plans to travel to Panama to instruct local divers and to the Philippines for antiterrorism and oil platform protection. They've also been requested to perform country assessments for several countries in Southwest Asia. "Our end goal is to go downrange in these various countries and interdict terrorism before it even starts," said Chafian.

Expeditionary Combat Readiness

Expeditionary Combat Readiness Command (ECRC) coordinates and oversees all administrative processing, equipping, training, deployment, and redeployment of Sailors assigned as individual augmentees, in-lieu-of forces, and to provisional units committed to joint and maritime operations.

Explosive Ordnance Disposal Mobile Unit (EODMU) 2 Sailors perform freefall jumps from a C-130 Hercules. EODMU-2 conducts water parachute insertion training in accordance with Navy training requirements to ensure unit readiness. (U.S. Navy Photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Elizabeth Simmons)

ETC deployed training teams aboard High Speed Vessel Swift (HSV 2) last summer in support of U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command Global Fleet Station (GFS) pilot mission. During that mission, the ETC Sailors worked with seven countries in Central America, made 13 port visits, and provided courses to approximately 1,100 students. Current operations have ETC providing training to four African countries in support of the Africa Partnership Station (APS), which is


Sailors learn the proper technique on the use of an M4 rifle as part of the Expeditionary Combat skills course at the Navy Construction Battalion Center. (U.S. Navy Photo by LTJG Alphonso Jefferson, Jr.)

As the Navy's central point for individual augmentees, ECRC maintains a close watch on those Sailors as they train and prepare for their nontraditional roles.

"We are retraining these individuals to augment specific nontraditional Navy roles in theatre," said CAPT Jeffery L. McKenzie, ECRC Commanding Officer. "They help support of our sister services by embedding with Army units or joint units in Afghanistan or Iraq. Some of our provisional reconstruction teams (PRT) are going to Afghanistan to help the government build up and create the infrastructure and services they need to operate the country. Our PRTs are made up of Navy personnel and Army personnel, and they come together as a joint unit to go out and train." ECRC created the Warrior Transition Program (WT) which offers IA Sailors education, programs, and tools that will aid them through the mental and logistical transition into and out of their assignments in places like Iraq, Afghanistan, and other locations while serving directly in support of the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT). "The Warrior Transition Program offers an opportunity for IA Sailors redeploying from a combat zone to decompress and receive briefings from chaplains and health care professionals," explained McKenzie. "The program not only lightens their load by allowing them to turn in their combat gear and weapons, but also provides them with tools to ease their transition back to their home and families." Although the majority of Sailors going through WT currently are IAs, the plan is for all NECC Sailors to go through a WT program before leaving the theater. NECC is working on alternative WT programs for those serving in other areas such as Djibouti or who do not redeploy through Kuwait. The objective is to have every single Sailor go through a comprehensive, standard WT program before returning to the States. According to CAPT Emilio Marrero, Navy Expeditionary Combat Command's force chaplain, about 90 percent of redeploying Sailors won't have issues making the transition from being in a combat zone to returning home. "Warrior Transition will equip that 90 percent with tools and information they can use to help the other 10 percent who may have difficulty with the transition," said Marrero.

provide warfighter identity, gain efficiency, foster diversity, and increase warfighter effectiveness in both Active and Reserve forces. However, ensuring missions are successful depends on more than just the right people in the right place. NECC has also made strides toward making the expeditionary community more professional with the development of the Expeditionary Warfare (EXW) qualification. "The establishment of the EXW pin recognizes how critical these skills are and how mature our Sailors are," said NECC Force Master Chief Anthony Santino. "We need fully trained and qualified Sailors to operate in this dynamic expeditionary maritime environment."

Operational Readiness Depends on Family Readiness

Navy expeditionary Sailors are on the move in support of Joint and Naval Component Commanders every day. Given the stress of continuing deployments to the combat zone, NECC recognizes a critical requirement for a focused and properly aligned family readiness program to sustain the force. Repetitive combat deployments take their toll not only on Sailors' bodies and equipment but on families and souls as well. To ensure optimal readiness of the total force ­ including families ­ Tillotson now has a team of key leadership and subject matter experts dedicated to establishing a forcewide family readiness policy. This overarching policy will standardize the processes, expectations, and deliverables in support of total family readiness and an overall warrior readiness continuum. This warrior continuum includes education of families and ensuring sustained maintenance and development ­ whether professional, physical, mental, emotional, or spiritual ­ at every phase of the Fleet Readiness Training Program (FRTP) training cycle. "The end result is a more combat-ready, more durable force that is as prepared mentally and emotionally as it is physically for the rigors of deployment to the combat zone," said HMCM Denise Becker who is orchestrating NECC's forcewide family readiness efforts. "Although many of the concerns of our families are shared by Navy families fleetwide, NECC families face some unique challenges as we deploy in support of the Marine Corps, the Army, and in some very unique places as the Navy's expeditionary force. NECC family readiness programs must be tailored to meet truly our families' needs."

How does the Reserve Force fit into the NECC mission?

The Reserve Force is playing a major role in other missions in all four corners of the world. But it's not just a weekend here and there; sometimes, they're deploying just as much, if not more, than their Active Duty counterparts. According to CAPT Robert Perry, Commodore of Naval Coastal Warfare Squadron (NCWS) 26, the concept of "one weekend a month; two weeks a year" as a Reserve is completely thrown out the window. As a force that deploys at a moment's notice, the Reserves are required to be just as ready. "Most of the Reserves within the former NCW and the current MESF have deployed at least twice," said Perry. "Many have four or five tours, and there's always the possibility of more to follow."

Filling the Gap

Although NECC is still a new command, the success stories of the past two years have proven the abilities of expeditionary Sailors in supporting the maritime strategy throughout the world. Whether they're fighting enemies in Iraq and Afghanistan, conducting humanitarian assistance projects in Africa, or providing disaster relief in the United States, these Sailors -- Active and Reserve alike -- are a testament to the Navy's commitment to protecting our nation's vital interests, while building partnerships and friendships with foreign nations to establish favorable security conditions. These expeditionary Sailors operate in the seam between the Joint Force Maritime Component Commander and the Joint Force Land Component Commander and provide a continuum of capability through the near-coast, inner harbor, and riverine maritime environments. The global demand signal for these expeditionary forces and the capabilities they provide is extremely high and is expected to remain high for the foreseeable future.


Expeditionary Community

Going into its third year, one goal for the command is to establish an expeditionary community which would allow officers and enlisted Sailors the opportunity to stay in the expeditionary realm throughout their entire careers, much like the aviation and surface communities. If established and institutionalized, the expeditionary community will

Proper Retirement and TIG Waiver Request

By Tom McAtee


The most obvious of the three requirements is the attainment of 20 years satisfactory federal service (satisfactory anniversary years). The other two requirements pertain only to certain Reservists and pay grades. Minimum time-in-grade (TIG) requirements must be met as follows: O5 and O6 O1 through O4 CWO E7 through E9 E5 through E6

- 3 years TIG, waiverable to 24 months - 6 months - one day - 24 months - complete FORMAT FOR REQUESTING TRANSFER TO THE RETIRED RESERVE obligated service

From: Rank/Rate/Name, USN/SSN/DESIG To: Navy Personnel Command PERS-912 5720 Integrity Drive Millington, TN 38054

waivers are approved because most fall well under the 12-month maximum. So, if you have two years TIG completed and desire to transfer to the Retired Reserve (without pay), request a TIG waiver along with your retirement request using paragraph 2c of the retirement request format. In paragraph 2c, along with asking for the desired retirement date, include that you request a TIG waiver for X months to meet the desired retirement date. When the retirement request is received at Navy Personnel Command, they will coordinate the waiver request with PERS-9. Should you have questions regarding a TIG waiver, you can call PERS-91 at 1-901-874-4482/4483.


(Ref: BUPERSINST 1001.39E, Chapter 20)

For some, the final requirement includes that the last six qualifying years must be accrued in a Reserve Component, such as the Navy Reserve. This requirement normally applies only to those who served 14 or more years in the Regular Navy on active duty. Due to a Congressional change in this requirement, the following applies. For those Reservists who complete 20 years qualifying service on 25 April 2005 or after, the six-year requirement no longer applies. For those who completed their 20 qualifying years on 24 April 2005 or before, the six years remain a requirement for entitlement to a Reserve retirement.


Via: (1) Unit Commanding Officer (see Note) (2) NOSC Commanding Officer or Record Holder (see Note) Subj: REQUEST TO TRANSFER TO THE RETIRED RESERVE Ref: (a) BUPERSINST 1001.39E Encl: (1) Annual Statement of Service History (ASOSH) or NOE 1. Per reference (a), I request transfer to the Retired Reserve. 2. The following information is provided: a. Name, grade, rank or rate, social security number, designator (officers only). b. Complete mailing address including zip code. c. Desired date. Per the Uniform Retirement Date Act, 5 U.S.C. 8301, the effective date of retirement must be the first day of a month desired by member. d. Date of Birth. e. (Officer) Reason transfer is requested. e. (Enlisted) Expiration of enlistment or extension. f. Ceremony date (if known). g. Phone numbers where member can be contacted.

Submit requests 12 months, but no later than six months, prior to the desired retirement date. A properly approved retirement: x Provides for placing you in the correct status ­ Retired Reserve (without pay); x Permits longevity to count up to the maximum for your retired grade; x Verifies your name, address, and birth date in the Navy Personnel Command (PERS-912) data system so that they may correspond with you prior to preparing your application for retired pay as you near age 60; x If a SELRES, starts the 120day clock allowing you to convert SGLI to VGLI without medical certification; x Provides for transfer orders to the Retired Reserve (without pay), and, in combination with the NOE, allows issuance of the proper identification card for you and eligible family members.

Many questions arise as to whether or not they should even attempt to request a TIG waiver. Navy Personnel Command, PERS-9, looks at all waiver requests and, based on the needs of the Navy, adjudicates each request. In as many cases as possible,

_______________________ Member's signature Note: Members not assigned to a reserve unit will not have any via addresses. Their requests will be submitted directly to NPC PERS-912 at the address above.




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Retir ees' Cor ner


By CDR Ted Lamb, USNR (Ret)

Contributing Member

ravel on military aircraft is one of the privileges of military service, but there are two things to remember: there has to be a flight going where you want to go, and there must be a seat available for you. When those things come together, you can travel to some wonderful places, and with minimal cost. The main thing a retiree or a Reserve member must have is a "plan B," when you can't get where you want to go, or to return from far away when there just isn't a seat for you. A member on active duty or retired with pay may travel anywhere space-available transportation goes. Other Reservists, including retired but not yet entitled to pay, are limited to the 50 states plus Puerto Rico and other U.S. territories. Family members (those with dependent ID's) may travel with their sponsors only if the sponsor is on active duty (on leave) or retired with pay. There is a comprehensive Department of Defense regulation governing travel on military aircraft, which includes spaceavailable travel. Space-available travelers are grouped into six categories, with active duty on leave being in Category III, and a member not on active duty (either retired or Reserve) being in Category VI, the lowest priority.


So, how does one find out about Space-A opportunities? Just about every base that handles Space-A passengers has a flight recording, which gives information about upcoming flights. Most bases, for force protection reasons, limit information to short periods, about 48 hours ahead. Some bases will give information further out ­ you'll need to call the line of the desired departure base to see what information is available. You will be given a "show time," which is the time by which you must present yourself to the counter and let them know that you are "present" for a flight. Can you sign up at a terminal in advance? Yes ­ an active duty person may sign up the moment leave begins, and most terminals will accept e-mail sign-ups. A Category VI person may sign up at any time, and the member's name is kept on the register for 60 days (but some Navy locations will have a 45-day period). This can be important, because passengers are called based first upon category, then, within the category, according to the sign-up date (and time). One important thing to remember: a flight may be listed on the departure board, but that doesn't mean that passengers will be accepted, or even that the flight will go. Hazardous cargo, medical evacuations and mission changes affect flights, which is why having a "plan B" is important.

There are several sources of information, both on the Internet and in printed material. Two publishers have reference books: Military Living and Space-A Travel. Their publications may be available at your local exchange or may be ordered on-line at and The DoD regulation may be found at http://www.dtic. mil/whs/directives/corres/html/451513. htm. There is a gold mine of information available at, and there is a bulletin board for exchange of information at Once at your destination, you're on your own; but many bases have accommodations for the traveler. The Navy Lodge system, for example, has facilities in Japan, Italy, and Spain. Any base where you land will have an office where a traveler can get assistance with reservations, attractions, and touring. One caution: there may be restrictions on use of exchanges and commissaries (depending on treaties between the U.S. and the host country). We have traveled to Europe and Japan several times on a space-available basis since I began receiving retired pay. It's a great way to travel and to meet other nice folks with military backgrounds. See you at the terminal!



Have you changed address, telephone, fax, or e-mail?

Please contact Naval Reserve Association's membership assistant at Tel: 703.548.5800; Toll free: 1.866.672.4968 Fax: 703.683.3647 or E-mail: [email protected]

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This is a good way to "get ahead of the game." The sooner you start the process, the better we can help you. For more information, please visit our Web site or Google "Navy Reserve Record Review"

H e a l t h A f f a i r s ­ Cont'd. from page 10

"shortening" (which contains some trans fat) and "partially hydrogenated vegetable oil" (another term for trans fat ) on it. Trans fats are even worse for cholesterol levels than saturated fats because they raise the bad LDL and lower the good HDL. They also fire inflammation, an over activity of the immune system that has been implicated in heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and other chronic conditions. You may see or hear of fully hydrogenated oil. It sounds counter intuitive, but "fully" hydrogenated oil DOES NOT contain trans fat. Unlike partially hydrogenated oil, the process used to make fully hydrogenated oil doesn't result in trans fatty acids. However, if the label says just "hydrogenated" vegetable oil, that usually means the oil DOES contain trans fat. Go to your pantry and check to see if you find "partially hydrogenated" or "hydrogenated" in any of the following common staples: BREAKFAST CEREAL CAKE MIX COCOA POWDER COOKIES CRACKERS DRIED SOUPS ENERGY & NUTRITION BARS MICROWAVE POPCORN PEANUT BUTTER PRETZELS I would venture to say that most, if not all, of these items are partially or fully hydrogenated. Does this mean that you are limited to a healthy life with a diet of twigs and toast? Not at all, it means that it is your responsibility to seek out foods that are both flavorful and nutritious by READING THE INGREDIENTS and choosing wisely. When foods containing partially hydrogenated oils can't be avoided, choose products that list the partially hydrogenated oils near the end of the ingredient list ­ the higher up on the list an item is, the more of that item is in the product. You don't have to give up a favorite food to eat a healthy diet. When a food you like is high in any of these cholesterolraising components, balance it with foods that are low in them at other times of the day. Try limiting saturated fats in your diet by replacing them with unsaturated. And don't forget to recheck your favorite low trans fat foods periodically because manufacturers sometimes change their ingredients.


Enlisted Programs

IA Development One Sailor's View

YNCS Ralph H. Hensley III, USN National VP for Enlisted Programs

I'm taking this month off to recover from the spring conference and continue working through A Course in Miracles. Marianne Williams' A Course in Mir a c le s is helping me realize my spiritual being as I venture into my second puberty. The course is free on Oprah's site: mwilliamson_acim.jhtml?promocode=X MHP . May God continue blessing Sailors deployed in harm's way and their families. This month, AO2 Jason Gaver will tell of his IA deployment in February 2007 supporting NAVELSG's cargo handling mi s s io n . H e c a n be re ache d at [email protected] He served with VFA-27 before transitioning to the Navy Reserve. Here's AO2:

n 26 February 2007, I received IA orders. While this was the best and worst day of my Navy Reserve career, I was honored to make a contribution to GWOT and apprehensive about what lay ahead. Since transitioning, I had settled into a comfortable civilian life, started college, and met and proposed to my future wife. We settled into our life together. With the looming deployment and after much discussion, my fiancée and I married before I deployed. We exchanged our vows



before a small group of family and friends. Marriage added a new stressful element to my predeployment planning. Reporting for duty in Virginia helped ease the transition back to active duty. Each passing day was an incremental step toward being fully trained and prepared for deployment. My days were filled with medical and dental screenings, security briefings, reviewing my legal readiness, and forming relationships with my shipmates. During our processing and training period, our roles and responsibilities became clear. I was assigned to the armory responsible for training in small arms practices, procedures, and qualifications. However, my wife and I were communicating every day which eased the difficulty of being apart. My wife was not accustomed to being a military spouse. Being apart was disconcerting. Kuwait was unlike anything I had ever experienced. I had been told how hot it is, but I didn't fully understand until I had to live in 130 degree heat. In Kuwait, I was a duty armorer. With 12 other Sailors, I was responsible for two armories. We stood watch 12 hours on, 12 hours off. Liberty was every three duty days, which was useless since we couldn't leave base unless on official duty. Since we were in the desert, the only thing to do was an MWR shopping trip to Kuwait City. Living conditions were not bad if one is suited to open-bay barracks which were prefabricated, concrete and steel buildings housing up to 60 people. The gym facilities were outstanding. They had every piece of equipment one could want. The Army dining facility, aka DFAC, provided good food and plenty of it. All of our basic needs were met. While in Kuwait, staying in contact with my wife and family was a chore. Mailing letters was free. The best way to stay in touch with my family was through e-mail and phone calls. All phones were satellite linked and could lose their connection at any time. The e-mail had a pretty steady connection, but it was no substitute for hearing my wife's voice.

As newlyweds, the lack of communication put a strain on our relationship. Communication is important to any relationship, especially newlyweds. I was always concerned how my wife was doing at home by herself. The hardest thing about being an IA Sailor was the lack of support my wife received. Prior to departing Norfolk, the Fleet and Family Services representative took our family information and promised to mail a family survival guide about how best to cope with a loved one's deployment. My wife received her packet about two weeks after I landed in Kuwait. Newly married, she had never before experienced a deployment. My deployment was very stressful on both of us and strained our marriage. Three weeks before I returned, my wife received one phone call asking if she needed assistance. The Navy should have a better system in place to ensure spouses left behind have better support systems. After completing my tour, coming home and readjusting was difficult. NMPS processing took four days, and I was back home. My daily routine for the last nine

Cont'd. next page

District News Briefs

Thirteenth District


ust as warfare has evolved and expanded to include more asymmetric ways, so, too, must the Naval Reserve Association (NRA) be adaptive and resourceful in serving our shipmates. One example of an asymmetric tactic related to our organization is a pilot program started in the Thirteenth District. With the return of the requirement for official khaki photographs in officers' service records last year, the Thirteenth District offered free photo sessions at the Navy Operational Support Center (NOSC) in Portland, OR. The photos were processed and mailed to Navy Personnel Command (NPC) free of charge. This opportunity was advertised through the COs of all supported commands. I thank CDR Samuel W. Asbury, USN the Portland NOSC CO ­ CDR Jami Mason ­ for her NRA 13th District President outstanding support in this endeavor. The catch, of course, is that all officers must have khaki photos in their records ­ not just NRA members. Thus, application forms are available for officers to use to join the NRA when they come in for a photo. This has been a wonderful opportunity for me to meet many officers and to serve our membership in a personal and meaningful way. Change is inevitable; and just last month I started drilling in Everett, WA. This presents the opportunity to expand the khaki photo project to the commands at the Everett NOSC. Portland does not have an active chapter or even a named Chapter President. For the "smaller" NOSCs such as the one in Portland, I have been asking myself whether that's a bad thing. Just as we have experimented with a "virtual" chapter, I believe it is critical to the vitality of NRA that we field new ideas for meeting the needs of our members. As an attorney, personal referrals are my best source of new clients; and those clients are the most likely to stick with me for the long haul. Likewise, testimonials among both serving and retired Reservists about how NRA has met their individual needs will help membership growth to a degree that far surpasses the effectiveness of advertising. Just as with the evolution of warfare, we, the NRA leadership, should continue to encourage asymmetric ways and means.




FIRST DISTRICT CAPT William S. Joransen, USN (Ret) E-mail: [email protected] THIRD DISTRICT CAPT Lance R. Mauro, SC, USN E-mail: [email protected]

FOURTH DISTRICT CDR Edward "Andy" Yeaste, USN E-mail: [email protected] FIFTH DISTRICT CAPT Robert F Urso, USN . E-mail: [email protected]

SIXTH DISTRICT LT Louise Anderson, MSC, USN E-mail: [email protected] EIGHTH DISTRICT CAPT Larry W. Roy, USNR (Ret) E-mail: [email protected] NINTH DISTRICT VACANT

ELEVENTH DISTRICT LCDR David M. Bradley, USNR (Ret) E-mail: [email protected] TWELFTH DISTRICT CAPT David Epstein, USNR (Ret) E-mail: [email protected] THIRTEENTH DISTRICT CDR Samuel W. Asbury, USN E-mail: [email protected]

FOURTEENTH DISTRICT CAPT Gayle Lau, JAGC, USNR (Ret) E-mail: [email protected]

E n l i s t e d P r o g r a m s ­ Cont'd. from page 26

months abruptly changed back to normal. This took some getting used to. All of a sudden there were no more 12-hour duty days. I didn't have to get out of the rack and throw on my uniform. I could eat what I wanted, when I wanted! Most of all, I was not carrying a weapon. I had to ease back into my husband role. My wife had her way of doing things. We had a power struggle but worked through it and got back to a happy, loving family life. An IA tour can be an extremely rewarding experience for one's professional and personal career. I had the chance to work and interact with all military branches as well as foreign soldiers. I met some great people, most of whom I stay in contact with to this day. The training I received expanded my skill sets and enabled me to market myself better. Before I left Kuwait, I was looking for a new job. Because of my Navy experience, I was able to land a great job with a government contractor.


Pricing Your Home in This Difficult Market

By CAPT Joe Gladden, USNR (Ret), Realtor® Veteran Realty Serving America's Military, Inc. VR SAM®

ou don't need me to tell you it's a tough time for sellers throughout most of the country, and many military families are facing very difficult circumstances and decisions. But, we can offer insight to sellers on pricing your home to sell. There are several facets of "marketing" your home, including presentation, timing, and advertising. All are important, but without question . . . and please don't let anyone convince you to the contrary . . . the most important aspect of marketing, and successfully selling your home, is pricing it at or near market value. It is important first to get past the understandable emotions of how much your home is worth. The home investment isn't like our TSP or mutual funds. We buy our homes because we like them, decorate them to suit our tastes, and raise our children in them. The faster sellers get past the emotions and focus on the true market value, the sooner they can move on to the next duty station . . . with family in tow. It is very important to get the pricing right the first time and thus deserves considerable thought! By so doing, you get the "bounce exposure" when new on the market which increases the likelihood of selling. And it beats "eating" the mortgage payment (not to mention the stress) for several months while discovering market value the hard way. Let's first consider what Market Value is NOT: * The assessed value for tax purposes * How much you paid, improved, or owe for your home * How much cash you need from your home * The sales price of your neighbor's home or the appraised value of your home when you refinanced last year. Market Value is: "the price a home will command from a rational purchaser under normal conditions." Supply and demand, and, thus, market value, will always be a local phenomena. While demand is certainly influenced by national circumstances such as interest rates, the local economy will generally be the key factor in both demand and supply of homes. Wait a minute! Why isn't the current tax assessment an indicator of market value? Just a quick word to address the often confused differences among three words; Assessment, Appraisal, Comparative Market Analysis Many people use these words interchangeably (including Realtors®) and believe them to be clear indications of market "value." Here are some definitions: "Assessment" ­ "the tax assessment" is a number used by the local government (county, parish, etc.) to establish the property tax liability. The "assessed value" is multiplied by the "tax levy rate" to determine the annual property tax bill to the homeowner. Since the tax rate or levy is usually determined by the voters, the easiest means for the local government to adjust the amount of aggregate taxes collected to pay for schools, roads, etc., is through the annual "assessment." In most areas this is done by a very impersonal formula. While assessments generally follow the market trend, they have little or no



correlation to the price a house will ultimately fetch on the market! The tax assessor never steps foot in the house; has absolutely no idea of the condition of the home; can only make assessments based on work performed under permits. The assessor will not know whether the kitchen was upgraded with Formica left over from the "I Love Lucy" set or high grade granite, upgraded cabinets, and stainless steel appliances . . . which can easily be a $30,000 difference. Assessments almost never take into consideration surrounding factors such as the power line that cuts across the property or the spectacular view of the mountains. "Appraised Value" ­ "an approximate market value" established by an independent, trained, and certified professional after an on-site evaluation of the property and condition. The appraiser will compare the home to recently sold homes with similar characteristics and homes presently on the market in the same locality. This is the best indication of market value . . . at a specific point in time! But it isn't perfect. Appraisers can review the listing information on recently sold comparable homes but, of course, can't visit them to verify upgrades and conditions. Many savvy sellers invest in a certified appraisal (generally $300-$400) just before they put the house on the market to substantiate the list price. Comparative Market Analysis ­ Through their Multiple Listing Service and specialized software, your Realtor® can compare your home to similar model homes in similar local developments that either sold recently, are active listings, or under contract. They can then fine tune the analysis with the various options and features in the homes. When this information is presented in a tabular format that summarizes the primary features such as lot size, age, bedrooms, baths, etc., a price range becomes evident. Experienced Realtors® with good comparables can usually come very close to market value. The more "recent, comparable" homes in the analysis, the better. While the "sold comparables" are more indicative of actual "market value," the "active listing comparables" paint a better picture of the competition in your market. Synthesizing both sold and active listing information is the key to determining the correct list price. Be certain that smart buyers will consider those active comparables! However, to be effective, Realtors® MUST be willing to "tell it like it is" even at the risk of delivering news that the client doesn't want to hear! We hope this helps and always welcome your questions via e-mail or phone call. By the way if you would like a copy of the VR SAM® Military Seller's Checklist, please ask. You can contact us at: e-mail: [email protected] 703 754-3036 or 877 878-7726 Visit the VR SAM® National and Northern Virginia Military Community Forums Find your home, list your home FREE at



Reser vists in Action

ONR/NRL Reserve Component Conference Focuses on Technology Support to the Fleet

By LT Taniel Anderson, USN (RC)

fficers in the Naval Science and Technology Reserve Program (Program 38) met from 11-13 January 2008 for the Winter Leadership Conference at the Office of Naval Research (ONR) Headquarters in Arlington, VA. Representatives from Program 38's f ifteen Reserve units gathered for a three-day conference focusing on "Continuing Support for Technology to the Fleet." The conference was hosted by Science and Technology Unit 103, which superbly coordinated the logistics and execution of the schedule. The first day featured several distinguished speakers, including RADM William Landay III (Chief of Naval Research), CAPT Dan Gahagan (Naval Reasearch Laboratory Commanding Officer), and CAPT Dale Hafer (outgoing Program 38 Commanding Officer/Director). The keynote speaker was VADM John Cotton (Chief of Navy Reserve), who delivered a powerful message to the attendees: The Navy Reserve is making a difference! With the aid of a simple satellite image of our planet at night, VADM Cotton made insightful comments about the global economy, regional wealth distributions, life expectancies, maritime commerce routes, and global areas of instability. His slides and comments resonated with the audience. Additionally, VADM Cotton shared with the Reservists at the conference that he has personally canceled numerous several instructions in an effort to streamline administrative requirements that interfere with Reservists supporting the fleet. Lastly, VADM Cotton thanked the Reservists of Program 38 for their dedicated support to fleet operations, research, and development. The first day concluded with the Program 38 Change of Command as CAPT Tim Dwyer relieved CAPT Dale Hafer as the Director of Program 38. Throughout the second day, there were program management reports and discussions on how to improve integration with the Naval Science and Technology and the Office of Naval Research in their respective areas, including administration, manpower, training, public affairs, and operations. Following an awards ceremony honoring many Reservists, including members new to Program 38, Focus Area Coordinators presented



VADM John Cotton, Chief of Navy Reserve, addressing Program 38 Leadership during the conference (Photo by John Williams, ONR PAO Video Specialist)

briefings on Future Naval Capabilities, International Efforts, Joint Efforts, Maritime Domain Awareness, Science Fairs, Urban Asymmetric Operations, Improvised Explosive Devices, Fleet Assessment, and Unmanned Vehicles. These presentations provided Program 38 members with a general update on the various focus areas and gave members new to the program an opportunity to learn about the projects. The final day concluded with several break-out sessions giving Program 38 members the opportunity to meet in smaller groups to discuss high priority projects. All in all, the conference was a great success, allowing Program 38 veterans and new members alike an opportunity to network and to listen to several influential speakers from both the Navy Reserve and Naval Research communities. In short, after attending the three-day Winter Leadership Conference every Reservist should have walked away with the feeling that his/her important contributions to Program 38 are recognized by not only the ONR community, but also by the Navy.

Reser vists in Action

RIA Southwest Sailor Promoted at the Baghdad Embassy

By LT John W. Crockett (RIASW)

Left photo: MG Robeson promotes CDR Alvarez (Photo by SSgt Gladis Vasquez-Schut, USAF)

n 1 January 2008, Reserve Intelligence Area (RIA) Southwest member Enrique M. Alvarez was promoted to the rank of Commander by Major General Mastin Robeson, USMC, Deputy Chief of Staff, Strategy­Plans­Assessments, Multinational Force-Iraq (MNF-I). The ceremony took place at the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq. The Embassy, formerly the Republican Palace, was used by Saddam Hussein to entertain visiting heads of state before the fall of his regime. A resident of the San Francisco Bay area, CDR Alvarez was mobilized with other members of RIA Southwest as an Individual Augmentee in October 2007. Before arriving in Iraq, CDR Alvarez trained at Camp McCrady, South Carolina, as a student in the first three-week iteration of the Navy Individual Augmentee Combat Training (NIACT) Course, where Navy students are trained by Army drill sergeants in basic combat skills, marksmanship, and IED recognition and response techniques. After the completion of NIACT, he and fellow students spent a week in Kuwait where they further sharpened their combat and battlefield survival skills. CDR Alvarez is on a year-long mobilization, currently assigned to MNF-I stationed in the International Zone, Baghdad, Iraq, where he is engaged in fighting the Global War on Terrorism.



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