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LNG Test and Technology Centre International highlights on maritime Research, Development & Innovation

11 November 2010

Rene Peters ­ Market Manager Oil and Gas

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Overview

· Introduction TNO

· Knowledge development in LNG at TNO

· Position of the Dutch Industry in Offshore LNG

· Development of LNG Test and Technology Centre (TTC) · Test facility · R&D program · Conclusions

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The TNO mission

To apply scientific knowledge with the aim of strengthening the innovative power of industry and government

· 4500 fte, most of them academic

· Turnover ~500 M

· 70% contract R&D for industry · 50% international in Oil & Gas

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Den Helder

Energy sector in TNO

Groningen

Smart grids

Maritime offshore

Utrecht

Delft

Geo-energy Oil & Gas Power

Eindhoven

Materials

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Focus areas in Oil and Gas

Exploration Unconventional Gas Offshore Production Systems Gas Transport and Storage LNG Contaminated Gas

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Our clients in oil and gas

CNPC

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Diversification in gas transport

· Increasing distance from source to market · Growth in LNG as a preferred means of gas transportation

26%

7%

Source: The World Gas Supply Report ­ Douglas-Westwood [email protected]

Development of offshore oil and gas

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Strong NL Position in Offshore Oil and Gas

· Top player in Oil and Gas including offshore and LNG · Floating Production Storage and Offloading, design, engineering and operation

· Offshore services ­ geo information, pipelay, installation, decommissioning · Offshore engineering ­

· Knowledge infrastructure

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Historic position of NL in Gas production and transport

Developing the Northwest Europe Gas Round Hub

· UGS · BBL · Pipelines · LNG

· Infrastructure · Trade (TTF) · Knowledge

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R&D initiatives in Maritime innovation in NL

5 - year R&D program Budget: 40 M

More info: www.senternovem.nl/maritiem

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Case MIP: Ship to ship transfer of LNG development of flexible hoses

· Flow tests · Fatigue tests · Product innovation · Test procedures · Product qualification

Copyright © 2006 2007 Gutteling BV [email protected]

Testing of flow performance of cryogenic hose at Deltares

· pressure loss measurements

· flow-induced pressure pulsations

· vibrations on the hose in 3 directions · modal analyses of the hose

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Extensive test programs

Performed tests: · Material tensile test · Full scale flow test · Impact test · Burst test · Cryogenic static strength tests · ....,

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Full scale LNG test of 8" flexible hose

·Pressure loss measurements

·Flow-induced pulsations

·Vibrations along the hose ·Temperature distribution ·Modal analysis ·Methane gas permeability ·Maximum LNG flow test

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Example projects for the LNG market

Qualification of 8-inch LNG hoses GuttelingApplied in STS transfer ­© Exmar-Excelerate

LNG Flow test of 18-inch hose at Ebara Sparks, SBM Offshore Services

Optimisation of heat-exchangers at LNG plant at Snohvit, StatoilHydro

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Water Flow test of LNG hose at Deltares Flow Test Facilities, SBM Offshore Services

Development of offshore LNG Transfer

Present application: Supply LNG to regasification vessels Future application: Transfer from floating liquefaction units to carriers

Side-by-side loading is sufficient

Other configurations needed for offloading in severe environment

Subject of development: Multi composite hose needs to be justified as a reliable and safe principle for side by side transfer of LNG

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Feasibility study: LNG Test and Technology Centre -concluded in September 2009Start feasibility study LNG Test and Technology Centre: · Partly funded by the Dutch Maritime Innovation Program Subject: · Determine size, content, economic and financial feasibility

Focus group: · International Operators · Offshore suppliers · Shipping · Small scale supply chain · New applications: Heavy Duty Transport (e.g. river shipping)

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Feasibility study: LNG Test and Technology Centre

Results

Moving LNG towards offshore · Minimum footprint · Reduction of weight · Effects of motion Offshore towards LNG · Large scale gas production · Cryogenic equipment · Liquefaction complexity Downstream towards upstream · Close to reservoir · Integrated pre-processing, · Liquefaction and storage · Offshore offloading · Partly filled ship containment Onshore towards floating safety · Gas hazards on floating unit · Safety zones and blast protection

FPSO

Floating LNG

Onshore LNG

Oil

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Gas

Small scale

Feasibility study: LNG Test and Technology Centre

Background: · Need for developing knowledge basis on LNG and the ability to test with LNG ( Dutch offshore industry ) · Need for connection to the "Dutch gas roundabout ambition"

· H.E. Maria van der Hoeven, Minister of Energy and Economic Affairs: · "In the field of LNG we aim to play a distinctive role extending our position as an important gas roundabout to include LNG facilities. We need experts to help us realise this. To promote a high standard of research, we are looking into the possibility of establishing an international, independent LNG research centre in the Netherlands. A decision will be taken in the very near future".

· WTG LNG Summit 2008, Rotterdam

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LNG Test and Technology Centre

Ambition:

· Supports development of offshore LNG by: · availability of test sites · re-development of knowledge · establish a joint research program Strengthens connection of industry and supplying companies Compatible with development of CCS chain and CO2 ambitions.

· ·

Critical success factor:

· Permanent LNG test facilities

Targeted location:

·

· ·

Gasunie peak shaving terminal, Rotterdam, Europoort, NL 100.000 m3 LNG, 19.000 m3 LIN Storage BOG compression, high pressure gas

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Added value of LNG TTC

· Unique : LNG TTC will be the first all-round LNG Test Center for Dutch and European Industry. · GATE project ; LNG terminal will be ready in 2011. · Strengthens the position of Rotterdam as Energy Port of Europe. · Overall quote from LNG TTC Consortium "with LNG TTC we will have LNG Test Facilities nearby and we will increase LNG expertise and employment in North Western Europe."

Organisation Test Facility R&D Program

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Projects in 2010 / 2011

Subjects for LNG TTC

Technical issues examples LNG flow equip. Heat exchanger

Start and shut down Thermal eff.

Pressure drop of LNG process equipment

Efficiency of heat exchanger under motion

Process dynamics performance

Heat influx of LNG process equipment

Subjects LNG TTC

LNG fluid properties BOG at Transfer

23 [email protected]

Effect ship motion on flow distribution

Modeling of LNG/gas process dynamics

Insulation methods Emission/ Energy consumption LNG processing.

Subjects for LNG TTC

Technical issues examples

Flow measurement Material performance

Small scale

Safety

Offshore LNG custody transfer

Mechanical performance Application of LNG cryogenic equipment as transportation fuel

Risk assessment offshore LNG safety

Subjects LNG TTC

Standard for offshore flow measurement

Research: Life time prediction under cryogenic conditions

Calibration

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Logistics, knowledge transfer, legislations, emissions

Research and knowledge transfer Spill, rapid phase transition, vapor dispersion

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First phase / Business plan LNG TTC finalise before 1 March 2011

FIRST PHASE REALIZATION LNG TTC WP 100 PROJECT MANAGEMENT WP 200 DESIGN OF TTC PLANT DESIGN (EXTERN) REVIEW OF DESIGN WP 300 ORGANIZIONAL AND FINANCIAL PLAN ORGANIZATION FINANCIAL PLAN WP 400 R&D PROGRAMME LNG PROCESS EQUIPMENT - Offshore regaification - Offshore liquefaction

PROCESSES AND SYSTEMS - Risk assessment - Effects of spills/releases/explosions - Process dynamics, shut down, startup, etc.

OFFSHORE TRANSFER - Transfer systems - LNG custody transfers

+ (Inter)national Stakeholders

RELATED TOPICS - CO2 logistics - LNG as a transport fuel - Training & education

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KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND DISSEMINATION

Overall timeline LNG TTC test facility

Start First Phase 01.09.2010

Agreement on lay-out 06.10.2010 Start work contract engineer asap

2010 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1

2011 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1

2012 Q2 Q3 Q4

MIP Funding approved 25.6.2010 MIP Proposal Expected end First Phase 14.02.2010 01.03.2011

Final investment decision

Start TTC Early 2013

Internal deadline 04.12.2009

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Funding Request

Important milestones First Phase : 1. Local permit and basic design 2. Funding by industry 3. Funding by government

Thank you

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TNO Science and Industry Oil & Gas

Stieltjesweg 1 P.O. Box 155 2600 AD Delft Netherlands

phone: Cell: Fax: +31 (0)15 269 2114 +31 (0)6 515 515 66 +31 (0)15 269 2111

www.tno.nl/lng

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Timeline development Offshore LNG TNO

B2B: Qualification LNG STS,Gutteling B2B: Qualification LNG STS SBM, Bluewater FLNG development DT 06-03-2009 B2B: Qualification LNG STS Prospects Proposal MIP Phase I TTC

2008

2009

TTC: Start feasibility study

2010

SC: Papers accepted for LNG16 TTC: Final feasibility study TTC: Functional requirements TTC. Shell, SBM SC: Start show case projects

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Gasuni Peakshaver Maasvlakte

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Details Gasunie Peakshaver

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