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The European Neutron Scattering Association (ENSA)

24. Meeting of the ENSA Committee

27-28 March 2006, Prague, CZ

Chairman: H. Mutka

Present: Delegates: Austria Belgium Czech Rep. Denmark France Germany Greece Hungary Italy Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia Spain Sweden Switzerland UK Institutions: ILL ISIS FRMII HMI LLB HFR-Petten Jülich Budapest

Helmut Rauch Jean-Pierre Gaspard Pavol Mikula Kell Mortensen Hannu Mutka Helmut Schober Konstantina Mergia László Rosta Antonio Deriu Wim G. Bowman Kenneth Knudsen Vojciech Zajac Ion Ionita Mikhail Avdeev Javier Campo Peter Allenspach Keith McEwen

[email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] (repl. Victor Aksenov) [email protected] (repl. Jose C. Gomez Sal) [email protected] [email protected]

Christian Vettier [email protected] Uschi Steigenberger [email protected] Jürgen Neuhaus [email protected] Ferenc Mezei [email protected] Philippe Mangin [email protected] Anastasius G. Youtsos [email protected] Reiner Zorn [email protected] László Rosta [email protected]

Other organizations and guests Neutron Portal NMI3 Robert McGreevy ESS-I Peter Tindemans NPI CAS Petr Lukas Charles Uni. Vladimir Sechovsky ESF Patrick Bressler

[email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected]

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AGENDA OF THE 24th MEETING OF THE ENSA COMMITTEE

27-28 March 2006, Prague, Czech republic 1. Welcome, approval of the agenda 2. Minutes of the 23rd ENSA meeting in Didcot (and matters arising) 2.1. Approval of revised statutes 3. Report of the Chairman 4. Follow-up of the ENSA survey 4.1. Revised report and publication (Allenspach, Bressler) 4.2. Literature survey/Rauch 5. Prospects in Europe 5.1. Facilities FRMII/Neuhaus, ILL/Vettier, ISIS/Steigenberger, JCNS/Zorn, LLB/Mangin, HMI/Mezei, special topic on NET and Standardization for Structural Integrity (Youtsos) 5.2. ESS-I /Tindemans 5.3. ESFRI /McGreevy 6. ENSA representatives: Brief reports from national user organisations and committees 7. Neutron conferences 7.1. ECNS 2007 progress report/Mortensen 7.2. ICNS 2005 ­ Sydney 7.2.1. International news/Mutka&Mortensen 7.2.2. ICNS 2009 7.2.3. Future ECNS, ICNS 8. ENSA actions 8.1. Contacts with other scientific societies/chairman 8.2. Proposed future actions and discussion/all 9. AOB Date, venue and special topics for next meeting.

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1. Welcome, approval of the agenda The agenda was approved. 2. Minutes of the 23rd ENSA meeting in Didcot (and matters arising) The minutes were approved without comments. 2.1. Approval of revised statutes The revisions needed to take responsible for the Walter Hälg prize and other economic matters as approved. László Rosta and Antonio Deriu have agreed to revise the annual balance. Their appointment is accepted by the committee. Peter Allenspach will look into and apply the Swiss authorities for dispensation of tax. (This might need further changes in the ENSA status.) 3. Report of the Chairman The UK review on neutron sources. Participated in the UK review town meeting Oct. 11 2005. The UK review on neutron sources has resulted in the report 'Future access to neutron sources: A strategy for the UK'. The report, which can be downloaded from the consultation website at www.neutrons.cclrc.ac.uk, was submitted to the Minister for Science and Innovation in December 2005. ISE. Participated in the ISE meeting in Paris Dec. 16th 2005, organized for celebrating the founding of the European Research Council, further at the ISE meeting in Mulhouse Feb. 2 2004, to present an overview on the European neutron user community based on the ENSA survey results. ICNS'05. At the ICNS'05 in Sydney a joint meeting was made among the international neutron scattering societies in Europe, America and Asia (see point 7). It was agreed to propose the next ICNS to take place in America. It was further agreed that these associations should meet during coming neutron conferences. Kell Mortensen will call for a meeting during ECNS-2007 in Lund. 4. Follow-up of the ENSA survey 4.1. Revised report and publication (Peter Allenspach, Patrick Bressler) Peter Allenspach presented the report on the ENSA survey revised according to discussions at the ENSA-23 meeting. Few items were discussed, including whether the two sets of data (answers from individuals and groups) should be comprised into one set, making it more easily readable; reorganizations of specific tables; and list of present European neutron scattering facilities. The overall document was accepted by ENSA. PA will make the final revisions, and send the report to all ENSA delegates. No further approval needed. A foreword will be written by ENSA (Hannu, Peter A, Kell, Helmut S and Konstantina) and ESF representative. This foreword should include some review of neutron scattering application.

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Roadmap and ENSA survey A roadmap for European neutron scattering was discussed briefly. It was agreed that the roadmap should not be a part of the ENSA/ESF survey. A step toward a roadmap could be an ENSA document commenting on the forthcoming ESFRI-neutron `roadmap' (see 5.3). Patrick Bressler agreed that ESF will publish the report as an official ESF/ENSA document. 4.2. Literature survey (Helmut Rauch) Helmut Rauch presented statistic on publication and citation index on neutron scattering related papers, including specific data from Austria and Denmark. The value and use of such statistical data was discussed. It was pointed out that it is likely that statistics will be requested from funding agencies and government institutions, and it might be valuable to have data available already before such demand. It was also pointed out that it is impossibly to control the use of such statistical data. Regular statistical analysis may provide valuable information on the evolution in the application of neutron scattering. The question how to define quality of a neutron scattering papers was discussed. Qualitymeasure may be impact factor of the given journal, citation number, "Hirsch" citation index values. impact on science not usually using neutron scattering ... An alternative to a full literature survey could be to collect only the 10 most important papers (of a year, of a periode, ..). Such limitation may however result in papers where neutron scattering is only marginally presented. It was agreed that the group should keep in contact, and possibly come with a new specified proposal/strategy plane for publication survey, including details on what to measure and how to present the resulting data. 5. Prospects in Europe 5.1. Facilities ILL (Christian Vettier) With the REFIT and Millennium programs, the reactor will run with three cycles in 2006 (150 days), and four in 2007 (200 days). New members of ILL: Sweden and Belgium have signed memorandum of intent. Hungary has signed a contract on collaboration. The situation concerning Russia is unclear. Poland will likely be a new member, and is presently working on the foundation of a national consortium. Discussions are going on with Romania. ILL will have a new managing team, including Richard Wagner (Julich) who arrived on 1 March 2006 and Andrew Harrison (Edingbourgh) who will join ILL in September 2006. Colin Carlile will leave ILL to go to Lund on 1 October 2006. The REFIT program is expected to end in 2007, with a total cost of ~32MEuro. New building for structural biology (PSB) was opened in December 2005. A partnership for Soft Condensed Matter is planned by ILL and ESRF, providing environment for sample preparation, deuteration and other techniques (light scattering, ...).

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The Millennium program includes new guides and upgrades of a variety of instruments. Long term plans for ILL include: - Phase 1, ending 2011 aim for new thermal neutron guide for DRACULA and PASTIS, new SANS (D33) dedicated for magnetism, and WASP. - Phase 2 beyond 2011 include an ILL-ESRF high-field laboratory and new SANS (D44). Further, there are plans for making a new guest house, a conference centre, and a graduate school / doctoral school involving the specific use scattering methods (neutron and synchrotronx-rays). ILL is considering an open PhD programme with international adverts and with guaranteed access to beam time. ISIS (Uschi Steigenberger) Program for new users and industrial users has been developed: GEM Xpress which is an offer to provide powder diffraction measurement on samples send by users to ISIS by mail. Corresponding program will come for TOSCA. The ISIS Second Target station project is making very good progress. The operation will be 10Hz/100ms with 48kW. Initially there will be 7 instruments in operation: INTER reflectometer optimized for high intensity, POLFEF reflectometer for polarized beam, and OFFSPEC off-specular reflection, designed in collaboration with Delft. LET, inelastic chopper instrument, WISH and SANS2D. Phase 2 instruments include LMX for single crystal macromolecules, PROFEUS for biological structures, USANS, SPIRAL spin echo SANS ZOOM, SANS for kinetic studies EXEED High pressure instrument EXESS Extreme sample environment instrument NESSIE, ultra slow spin echo. Further development for Target Station 1 instrumentation has been funded, including MERLIN and upgrades of HRPD and POLARIS. Advanced visualizing software is under development and work on 3He polarizing filters is in progress together with ILL and NMI3. A new guest house for ISIS and DIAMOND users with 60 beds in phase 1 is under construction and will be ready by Summer 2006. FRM II / Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (Jürgen Neuhaus) The FRM II name of the facility will in the future be Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz. The facility has been in routinely operation since May 2005. In 2005 3 reactor cycles of 52 days each have been delivered. In 2006 5 cycles are planed. 14 instruments are in operation at respectively cold, thermal, hot and fast neutron sources. A further positron beam is available. All instruments are operated by external groups.

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In January 2006 the 3rd call for proposals was complied, about 2/3 of the proposers were German, 1/3 from other EU scientists. A minor part (less than 10%) was from other countries. The same proportion holds true for the first experiments in 2005. The back scattering instrument (in commissioning), spin echo (arrived) and SANS instruments (to come) as well as thermal time-of-flight and reflectomer (to be build) will provide 8 additional instruments at the FRM II operated by the JCNS. A new building (laboratories and offices) will be made for the Jülich activities. Plans for new instruments are under discussion in the future new guide hall (east side). The ultra cold source (UCN) and the fission particle accelerator (MAFF) are major future projects. Actual works are to improve the sample environment and user service. The building of a guest house is urgently needed, but not yet decided. PSI (Peter Allenspach) 1. The new liquid metal target MEGAPIE is being installed at the moment. For this difficult and complex installation the shutdown had to be extended to July 5, 2006. 2. The Small Angle Detector Bank of FOCUS will be operational after the shutdown. 3. The new inverted geometry backscattering instrument MARS will go into its commissioning phase after the shutdown. 4. The monochromator shielding of the new thermal three-axis spectrometer EIGER should be manufactured this year and being installed in the next shutdown. Design work of the remaining instrument makes good progress. Commissioning is planned for 2007. HMI (Ferenc Mezei) A second neutron guide hall has been built at the BER-II reactor at HMI. The new guide hall is served by a neutron guide rebuilt with supermirrors and split into three with three end positions. One of these end positions will received a bi-spectral beam, which combines for the first time the thermal and cold neutron spectra in the same guide. By this modernization of one of 4 cold neutron guides at BER-II, the combined amount of cold neutrons delivered to the BENSC instruments will double. The project is delayed by about a year by late delivery by the guide manufacturer, more than half of the guides is still missing. Two new instruments VSANS and EXED will be built in the guide hall, and the wide angle NSE instrument SPAN will be transferred to one of the guide end positions. VSANS is a high resolution SANS instrument using a focused beam in order to stretch the lower end of the accessible q range down to about 10-4 Å-1. The innovative time-of-flight diffractometer EXED will, on the one hand side, achieve resolutions comparable to synchrotron X-ray diffraction (in the 10-4 range) and, on the other hand, provide the capability of working with a limited angular access, in order to accommodate tapered solenoid magnets. The very broad wavelength band of the bi-spectral beam (0.7 ­ 20 Å) is crucial for this latter feature. Tapered solenoids provide the best efficiency for achieving high fields, and with the serial-connected-hybrid magnet design technology, developed by the US NHMFL in Florida, the current project goal of 25 T will be achieved at about 3MW power consumption. The magnet is planned to be ordered from NHMFL in the next months (estimated delivery time 3 ­ 4 years) and it will be up-gradable to 37 T maximum field. The life time of the BER-II reactor at HMI extends until about 2025. Long-term perspectives in neutron research in the Berlin region will need replacement of the reactor by another neutron source in this timeframe. Discussions on this matter converged on a 1-2 MW power, long pulse regional source. In order to save costs, options are considered which cost effectively combines the construction of the new source with the

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decommissioning of the reactor at the end of its lifetime, after more than 30-years of operation. DUBNA (Mikhail Avdeev) JCNS, Jülich center for neutron science (Reiner Zorn) With the movement of neutron scattering activities to Munich, the Jülich program is named Jülich Center for Neutron Science, JCNS. JCNS will support external users in both experimental planning, experiment, and data treatment, with the aim to approach less experienced users. The focus will be within soft matter, biophysics and magnetism. Instruments include the former Jülich instruments at FRM2, IN12, IN15 and D23 at ILL and NSE and backscattering instruments at SNS. LLB (Philippe Mangin) LLB is back in steady operation with more than 180 beam-days per year. A 5 year renewal program has been agreed upon with CEA and CNRS, including upgrade of 2-axis and 3-axis instruments, single crystal diffractometer, and SANS with focusing multi beam. There are further plans for upgrading the NSE with multi detector, a high flux reflectometer and a new detector for liquid spectrometer. The budget will be increased, including 6 new people at Orphee and 4 at LLB. Last call for proposals included 40% within magnetism, 16% soft matter, 8 % biology. Among the proposals, 70% were French, 25% from other EU scientists. In 2008, there will be re-evaluation of the security level at LLB. In July 2006, LLB will celebrate 25years of operation. Budapest (László Rosta) HFR-Petten (Anastasius G. Youtsos) Instruments for residual stress measurements. Plans for re-installation SANS instrument on new cold source (Be), with expected gain of 100 relative to the original instrument. Users will mainly be from nuclear industry. Youtsos presented plans for standardization for structural integrity. 5.2. ESS-I Peter Tindemans reported on the status of ESS as seen from ESS-I. Technical, it is decided to propose a 5MW long-pulse source with about 20 instruments, but with possibility for installing 20 instruments more. Future upgrade to 15MW LP is expected to be possibly without major technical problems. Installation should be designed so more target stations may be added, making the facility most cost effective. There is a need to update the technical design of source and instruments, and making new cost estimates including new energy prices. Science. The UK-neutron review ( http://www.neutrons.cclrc.ac.uk/Activity/FinalReport; ) is most valuable for the ESS case. To strengthening the science case relative to the original Bonn documents, one may add ~10 specific case stories, including `whole cell structure' (by G Zaccai), the `glass transition', etc. ENSA may help identifying subjects and authors. EU It is clear that EU cannot contribute significantly to the ESS facility. But FP7 may fund specific engineering design. Robert McGreevy pointed out that the FP7 will not fund on

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bottom up basis, but will on the basis of roadmaps fund specific European projects. ESS and ILL-2020should be good candidates. There were some discussions on how to argue for continuing regional sources in parallel to the ESS. It was proposed that ENSA may use the ESFRI report to complete a neutron roadmap, including list of which present sources are expected available on different timescales. Other ENSA representatives argued that the available sources (and thereby also the sources expected to be shut-down) should not be specified in an ENSA document. Several ENSA delegates argued that ESS should not replace regional sources. These are still needed for testing, education etc. Tindemanns reflected that to show responsibility we may admit that we cannot keep unchanged access to regional sources simultaneously with access to ESS. National initiatives: After a government has offered to host the facility, it is expected to take two years to negotiate a consortium of member countries. Final engineering design will take another 2 years. Sweden continues with both political and technical issues. It is expected that the Swedish government will make some decision on their initiative before the summer 2006. ESSScandinavia is organizing a workshop on ESS LP-instrumentation. The workshop will take place in Lund, Sweden April 20-21, 2006. Spain has decided that it prefers going for ESS rather than a regional source. Hungary is continuing forking for hosting ESS. UK Yorkshire is waiting for a UK decision. 5.3. ESFRI (Robert McGreevy) Roadmap. The ESFRI Roadmaps is a list of opportunities and will be published in September or October 2006. The list will not be prioritized. The expert group on neutron scattering has completed their document for the roadmap, discussing the `5MW LP ESS' source and the `ILL 2020 project'. 5.4. NMI3 (Robert McGreevy) New proposal for continued NMI3 program under FP7 is being prepared. It will have roughly same financial scale, but aiming for new initiatives like focus on complementary techniques used for specific projects. 6. ENSA representatives: Brief reports from national user organizations and committees Austria (Helmut Rauch) A CENI Consortium (Central European Neutron Initiative) has been formed together with Hungary and Czech Republic for joint ILL membership. At an EPS meeting in Graz 19-22. April 2006 "Physics and Society", a declaration on new infrastructure initiatives including such on neutron scattering facilities will be formulated and presented to EU science ministers when Austria has the chairmanship. A winter school on "Research with Neutrons and Synchrotron radiation" will be organized 4.-11. March 2007 in Planneralm/Styria, aiming at about 100 participants. Belgium (Jean-Pierre Gaspard)

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Belgium has a rather large community of neutron and synchrotron x-ray users and scientists making related theory. There is an ongoing discussion on forming a consortium for the decided ILL membership. A school for neutron and x-ray scattering is planned, as well as a joint ILL meeting for the theory group. Czech Republic and Slovakia (Pavol Mikula) Within the year 2006 it is expected that a new medium resolution powder diffractometer will be installed at the reactor LVR-15 in Rez. The Czech Republic and Slovakia societies have organized a number of meetings: One-day seminars organized by the Czech and Slovak Crystallographic Association in Rez near Prague (October 25th, 2005), in the Institute of the Macromolecular Chemistry in Prague (December 16th, 2005) and in the Institute of An-organic Chemistry Bratislava (May 18th 2006). Moreover the 5th Discussions in Structural Molecular Biology, in Nové Hrady, 16. - 18. 3. 2006 ( http://www.xray.cz/setkani/ ); Colloquium on Synchrotron radiation and neutron scattering, in Grenoble, 21. - 25. 6. 2006 ( http://www.xray.cz/ xray/csca/kol2006/ ); and Advanced methods in protein crystallization, in Nové Hrady, 6. - 13. 10. 2006 ( http://www.img.cas.cz/igm/cc/ ). Denmark (Kell Mortensen) The Danish society has a stable number of members. Funding for neutron scattering activities from the Danish Science Council has been approved in terms of DANSCATT. The funding is primarily fund travelling to neutron scattering sites. The funding is for 2006-7. After 2007 it is expected that the funding for neutron scattering will be joined with funding for x-ray synchrotron experiments (DANSYNC). Most of the Danish scattering experiments are performed at PSI in Switzerland, but with some activities at ILL, HMI, ISIS, NIST and SNS. The 2005-annual DANSSK meeting was arranged together with the Swedish and Norwegian associations in Göteborg 6-7th October. The conference was scientifically highly successful, but with too few Danish participants. The 2006-annual meeting will be held jointly with Danish Crystallographic and the DANSYNC annual meetings, 16th & 17th May in Odense. The Danish society is continuously heavily involved in the work for ESS-Scandinavia. An organization, ESS-Innovation has been formed to attract industrial partners. The focus has up to now been on Swedish companies. ESS-Innovation has had contact to the Bank of Scotland discussing prospects for PPP-type of financing the ESS facility. France SFN (Hannu Mutka) The French society SFN board meetings 11/10/05, 20/12/05, 09/03/06. Forthcoming JDN14 at Murol 13-19/05/06 organized by D. Avignant, M. El-Ghozzi). The school is this time on `Surfaces and Interfaces, Confinement'(G. Chaboussant, A. Brûlet). SFN thesis prize will be distributed, selection process in underway. There will be a General Assembly meeting, with renewal of part of the council. Participation in the Matériaux 2006 conference to be held in Dijon 13-17/11/06. SFN is involved in several themes, especially as the organizer of the meeting one on `Magnetic materials and their applications'(responsible O. Isnard ).

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SFN is preparing to intervene at the French Crystallography Association Colloqium to be held in Toulouse in June, with a presentation concerning the new sources (Soleil synchrotron and perspectives on new generation neutron sources). The French user community is plesed with the return to normal situation of the national source LLB, with 180 d operation in 2006. Continuing actions in association in the framework of the `Itinerant Neutron Chair', poster presentation of neutrons and scientific themes, introductory talks at several faculties (Nantes, etc.). Germany (Helmut Schober) The KFN has been newly elected in 2005. It is now chaired by Helmut Schober from ILL. Götz Eckold from the University of Göttingen is the vice chairman. Hartmut Zabel from the University of Bochum is responsible for Infrastructure and Instrumentation, Roland Steitz from the HMI for Training and Education and Regine Willumeit from the GKSS for Public Relations. The KFN has produced a new strategy paper ""Forschung mit Neutronen in Deutschland Status und Perspektiven". It contains an executive summary in English and can be downloaded from the KFN WEB-site (http://www.physik.uni-kiel.de/kfn/). The strategy paper equally gives a short account of the German user survey which was rather successful in terms of participation (377 entries). Details about the survey can be found on the website (http://www.physik.uni-kiel.de/kfn/Nutzerumfrage/index-engl.php). The strategy paper puts strong emphasis on a future European Spallation Source to compete with the US and Japan. A long pulse source would be the preference in case a facility featuring both long and short pulses would not be financially affordable. The European Spallation Source would in the long term (after 2025) be considered the natural successor of the ILL. In the mean time the ILL has to be maintained at its highest level of performance to compete with the new generation spallation sources. The FRM-II as the new national flagship together with the HMI give a new quality to the national sources. In conjunction with the creation of the Jülich center for Neutron Scattering at the FRM-II as well as the second guide hall at the HMI they provide unprecedented national capacity and quality for neutron scattering. The German Verbundforschung will go into a new round in 2006 offering possibilities to fund instruments and development new methods. SNI2006 is a joint conference of neutrons, x-rays and ionic probes to be held in Hamburg in October 2006. Greece (Konstantina Mergia) After discussions with colleagues involved in neutron scattering and other aspects of neutron research it has been decided to establish a Greek association under the name "Greek Association for neutron Science and Technology". This association will have a wide scope as not only researchers in neutron scattering will participate but also others using neutrons in different other applications from medical to industrial applications. This society will represent the Greek scientists using neutrons in different international fora and will also act as government adviser in all the aspects of neutron research related subjects e.g. EU, joining European facilities. The association will represent users of facilities and it will express their views. The official Greek government adviser in nuclear aspects is the "Institute of Nuclear Technology & Radiation Protection" represented by its director and which runs the Greek reactor. The TOF reflectometer at the Greek research reactor is under completion. It is expected to be operational in October.

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Finance has been secured for the installation of two more instruments at the Greek reactor: SANS and USANS. Also there are plans for the installation of a neutron radiography facility. There are plans for the organization of a workshop together with the IAEA around October. The aim of this workshop is to introduce scientists from East Mediterranean and Balkan countries to neutron research and develop plans for common exploitation of the research reactor facilities in the area. Hungary (László Rosta) Hungary joined ILL in 2005. Hungary will be associated the CENI Consortium (Central European Neutron Initiative) together with Austria and Czech Republic for joint ILL membership. A meeting will be arranged in August 2006, together with the physical society. The Hungarian ESS proposal will be discussed at that meeting. Italy (Antonio Deriu) The Italian user group works primarily at ILL and ISIS. There will be a national meeting and 3day school in Ancona in June 2006, on large scale structures using SANS and reflectometry. In September 2006 a workshop on molecular magnetism is arranged, The Netherlands (Wim G. Bouwman substituting Ad van Well) The reactor in Delft has a new enthusiastic management: A proposal has been written to the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research to compact the core of the reactor and to install a cold source. The Delft reactor is now part of the transnational access program for large facilities. There are many applications for neutron activation analysis, some applications for positron and neutron measurements. For users the main interest for the neutron beams will be for the SESANS and the depolarization instruments. The reactor is organizing a day for industry to show them the use of reactors to study their materials. The Dutch Neutron Scattering Association organized last year a workshop together with their Belgian sister organization. It was an interesting day with good presentations. It is clear that Dutch users are interested to do their measurements both at ISIS and at ILL. The situation concerning official access to ILL is still under discussion. Norway (Kenneth Knudsen) The Norwegian neutron scattering community benefits considerably from collaboration with the societies in the other Scandinavian countries. This has been accentuated by the recent shutdown of the Studsvik reactor in Sweden, and the transfer of neutron instruments to the research reactor at the Institute for Energy Technology in Norway (IFE, Kjeller). This concerns the R2D2 powder diffractometer (former Risø instrument) and the FYRIS reflectometer. The next meeting of the Swedish neutron scattering society is also planned to take place in Norway next October. The JEEP-II reactor at IFE is now due for a change of fuel elements, and an application is being sent to the Norwegian Research Council asking for the money to make this change. A support letter for this application, and thus for continued operation of the 2MW reactor at Kjeller, was requested at the meeting, and approved by ENSA. Poland (Vojciech Zajac)

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The Polish society is working for ILL membership, most likely in terms of consortium with one or more other countries. Portugal No delegates present. No report Romania (Ion Ionita) INR Pitesti are operational since 2005, with 2 instruments: a crystal diffractometer and a SANS instrument. One group in Bucharest makes their experiments abroad, usually at PSI (as the VVRS reactor is shut down ), another group is working in Dubna, and a number of young researcher are located in different institutes or universities around Europe. Dr. A.D. Stoica is now at Oak Ridge Only 6 of the Romanian society members have been registered in the survey. A memorandum, signed by representatives of 11 institutes and universities dealing with material science, has been given to the State Secretary of the National Authority for Research. A positive answer has been obtained and a protocol with ILL is expected to be signed soon. Russia (Mikhail Avdeev) A new initiative of Russian neutron and synchrotron radiation scattering communities on applications for nano-sciences is formulated. The specialized Council on the research Program for 2006-2010 on the study of nanosystems and materials with the use of synchrotron radiation and neutrons, has been found. The main accent of the program suggestions concerns applied sciences. It is supposed that the Russian Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Moscow) will coordinate the program. The program is under evaluation by the Russian government. The IBR-2 reactor facility (Dubna) will be shut down, according to the plan, in the end of 2006 for the upgrade during 2007-2010. The project of the reactor modernization (the upgraded reactor is called IBR-2M) has been started several years ago. It is going well for the moment and has good prospects. Suggestions on the instrumental development and construction of new set-ups at the IBR-2M are to be published and discussed. Spain (Javier Campo) Concerning our Society, the SETN (Spanish Society of Neutron Techniques), it has now 150 members. The next September, SETN will celebrate the 3 days biannual meeting and, this time, one of the planned activities is the election of a new governing board, that is president, vice president, secretary and treasure, and 4 vocals. We change the governing board each 4 years. It is likely that Javier Campo will continue for 4 years more. Before of the SETN meeting SETN is organizing a 10 days International School titled "Neutron Techniques on Molecular Magnetism" in Jaca (Pyrenees). (http://magmanet.unizar.es) in collaboration with the VI EU Network of Excellence MAGMANet and the University of Zaragoza. We applied to NMI3 for financing and we are waiting the response. Concerning the Spanish Initiatives on Neutron Scattering. Since 2005, the Spanish quota at the ILL was increased from 3 % to 4%. Also we are participating at ISIS in the construction of the LET instrument and this give us the possibility to access around 2.5 % of ISIS beam time. In 2005 the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education (MEC) renewed the D1B CRG (at ILL) untill 2010 in collaboration with the CNRS and we formed a new CRG team at the D15 diffractometer (ILL) in collaboration with CEA. The D1B is a CRG type A and Spain

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has 1/3 of the CRG beam time. In D15, type B, Spain uses the 60% of the CRG beam time. A good new in 2006 is that the Spanish users of the Spanish CRG at ILL (D1B and D15) will have the possibility to be reimbursed for travel and living expenses. Sweden SNSS (Adrian Rennie) The Swedish Neutron Scattering Society held a successful annual meeting in Gothenburg on 6 & 7 October 2005 in collaboration with the Danish and Norwegian neutron scattering societies. The society has a new WWW site www.snss.se that now contains updated information. Switzerland (Peter Allenspach) 1. The 16T-Swiss-SNS self shielded magnet is in the contract negotiation phase. It is expected to come to a signature of the contract in May 2006. Delivery will then be in 2008. 2. There will again be a Zuoz-Summer school (http://num.web.psi.ch/zuoz2006/), August 19-26, 2006. This time the subject is: ³Neutron, X-ray and Muon Studies of Nano Scale Structures². 3. The Swiss neutron scattering society will have the annual general assembly meeting on May 10, together with the SINQ User Meeting at PSI. U.K. (Keith McEwen) 1. The UK neutron review has been completed. Consultation with the community was based on successful web based discussions and a number of meetings. The report, which has been submitted to the Minister for Science, states that: (i) there should be enhanced investment in ILL and ISIS, jointly with international partners, to sustain the international competitiveness of these world-leading facilities for the next 10 to 15 years; (ii) the UK research community will require access to a next generation facility that is competitive with SNS and J-PARC, within 15 years; (iii) the UK is a highly credible host for a European next generation neutron source; (iv) the UK should take the initiative in organizing discussions on a European plan for future spallation neutron facilities above 1 MW power levels; (v) the UK has the potential to upgrade ISIS to megawatt-class, but should defer further planning of this option until the outcome of wider discussions on European plans is known; (vi) the UK should immediately join international projects on key technology developments for next generation neutron sources. The full report can be downloaded from the website www.neutrons.cclrc.ac.uk A response from the Minister is expected in May. 2. A new `large-facility council' (LFC) is likely to be formed from a merger of CCLRC with PPARC (which currently has responsibility for UK participation in CERN and various telescopes). LFC would have a rather large budget, and have a mandate to decide UK participation and priorities for new large facilities. 3. The construction of Target Station 2 at ISIS is on schedule. Seven instruments have been funded for "Day 1" operation, and plans for further instruments are under discussion with the user community. The new MERLIN spectrometer on the existing target station is nearly completion, with commissioning to start in June. 4. The UK neutron and muon users meeting will be held on 29 ­ 30 March at the University of Warwick. 5. A few years ago, the Neutron Scattering Group of the Institute of Physics and Royal Society of Chemistry established a prize to be awarded annually to an outstanding young

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neutron scattering scientist, working in the UK or at ILL. The prize is called the Willis Prize, after Professor B T M Willis, one of the "founding fathers" of neutron scattering in the UK. The 2006 Willis Prize has been awarded to Dr Giovanna Fragneto, from the ILL, for her work on soft condensed matter. She will receive the prize, and give a lecture, at the users meeting in Warwick. 7. Neutron conferences 7.1. ECNS 2007 (Kell Mortensen) The First announcement leaflets have been circulated, for example given to all participants at the ICNS-05 conference in Sydney. Conference Bureau: A contract based on fixed price will soon be completed between SKD Euroconf AB and Lund University. The contract will include www-handling of registrations and abstracts. Provisional bookings of hotels have been done. Proceedings will be published as regular full length papers in Journal of Physics Condensed Matter and Measurement Science and Technology. Submission will be on-line directly to IoP, Institute of Physics Publishing, who will perform normal peer review. Deadline for papers will be 2 weeks after the end of the conference. The accepted papers will be available on the net on usual IoP regulations. Participants can buy the proceeding issues at a special price. The lectures will all take place within short distance around the University main building in the centre of Lund. Three large lecture rooms are allocated for parallel sessions. Invited speakers and session titles must be identified by the program committee before the summer 2006 to provide more publicity and to apply for sponsorship. Restaurants in Lund is asked to provide a discount for participants in return for advertisement in Conference materials 7.2. ICNS'05 ­ Sydney The Sydney conference was very successful with about 700 participants, including many from Europe and America. In particular, there were a number of excellent presentations of young scientists. 7.2.1. International news (Mutka & Mortensen) A meeting jointly between regional neutron associations was held during the conference, including

Stewart Campbell Australian Neutron Beam Users Group (ANBUG) Craig Buckley Australian Neutron Beam Users Group (ANBUG) Bruce Gaulin Canadian Institute for Neutron Scattering (CINS) Chen Dongfeng Chinese Neutron Society Hannu Mutka The European Neutron Scattering Association (ENSA) Kell Mortensen The European Neutron Scattering Association (ENSA) Yasuo Endoh Japanese Neutron Society (JSNS) Masatoshi Arai Japanese Neutron Society (JSNS) Chang-Hee Lee Korean Neutron Society Je-Guen Park Korean Neutron Society

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Wen-Hsien Li Taiwanese Neutron Society Rob Brider Neutron Scattering Society of America (NSSA)

It was agreed that the regional associations (American, Asia Pacific and European) will group under the International Association of Neutron Scattering Societies (IANSS). It was also recognized that this International Body could act as a sounding board for, for example, bids and decisions for future ICNS conferences (rather than at present rely on the International Advisory Committee for the current ICNS). As an interim stage we agreed it would be good to communicate our request to the Int. Advisory Committee for ICNS2005, and the organizers of ICNS2009, that future Int. Advisory Committees include representatives from our Neutron Societies. The IANSS group agreed to propose that the ICNS conference are held in turn in AsiaPacific region, in America and in Europe on regular basis. It was agreed to propose the 2009-ICNS to take place in the United State. Europe on regular basis. KM will call for a corresponding meeting during the ECNS-07 conference. 7.2.1. International news (Mutka&Mortensen) 7.2.2. ICNS 2009 The group of representative for regional neutron scattering societies agreed at the ICNS meeting in Sydney, as mentioned above, to propose that the ICNS conferences are hold in Asia, America and Europe on regular basis. 2009-ICNS was proposed to take place in America. 7.2.3. Future ECNS, ICNS Vladimir Sechovsky (Charles University, CZ) presented the new Prague Congress Center as a candidate for the ECNS-2011 conference. Keith.McEwen told that UK also will come with a proposal, likely in Edinburgh. Decision on ECNS-2011 will be taken at the ENSAmeeting during the ECNS-07 conference in Lund. The bid is open for all interested. 8. ENSA actions 8.1. Contacts with other scientific societies 8.1.a ISE ISE is an organization that has promoted the establishment of ERC, the European Research Council. ISE will publish a letter in Science discussing their view on ERC. ISE will presently not work with fixed constitution, and is still open for observers. 8.1.b ESS-I Hannu Mutka and Antonio Deriu have participated in ESS-I meetings. The ESS-I is further discussed above (5.2). 8.1.c EMF European Materials Forum ­ ENSA counts among the founding members and is regularly kept informed on the actions. However, the formal membership fee is 5kEuro/year and it appears difficult for the moment to engage on this level. Therefore it is proposed to remain along as an observer without voting rights (statutes and subscription form attached) 8.1.d ECA European Crystallographic Association, - the Lewy-Bertaut prize of ECA and ENSA.

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Hannu Mutka has been in contact with ECA discussing the proposition to initiate a price in memory or Lewy-Bertaut for young scientists. This idea is to announce the creation of this prize in a colloquium organized in honour of Lewy-Bertaut in Grenoble May 12th 2006. The idea of establishing a Lewy-Bertaut prize was opproved by ENSA giving HM the mandate to look into the details with ECA and looking for sponsors. HM propose that the name should be rather general, for example Erwin Lewy-Bertaut prize of the European Crystallography and Neutron Scattering Associations (ECA-ENSA prize) 8.1.e ESF. Patrick Bressler presented aspects of ESF, and prospects for collaboration with ENSA. An example is publication of the ENSA/ESF neutron user survey. ESF is presently discussing strategies for their future role in science networking, science programs and conferences. ESF has among other had success with the Eurocores and COST programs and setting up expert panels. 8.2. Proposed future actions and discussion/all ENSA delegate meetings will continue with two annual meetings, one together with NMI3, and one alone. It was agreed that there may not be need for large reports from the facilities at every meetings. The activity reports by the national delegates are more important, expressing the ongoing science and demand for neutron instruments. It was agreed that a joint report concerning the situation of the smaller national centres would be worked out under the coordination of K. Mergia (Greece), with contribution from all those interested to be presented at the next meeting. It was proposed and accepted to invite the editor of Neutron News to ENSA meetings in order to keep him updated on activities within the societies. The neutron schools organized by different national societies could be set up with more coordination in order to avoid opelap (e.g. Italien and Spanish school on molecular magnetism in 2006). Thesis reports It was discussed to have neutron scattering related thesis reports available from a central site on the net. A variety of important issues are often presented in such reports, but will never be published in international journals. Thesis reports could be most valuable for students. It was agreed that the ENSA delegates should find out whether there are formal restrictions for publishing the reports on the net. 9. AOB Date, venue and special topics for next meeting. 9-11 October in Taormina (Sicily), Italy together with NMI3. Reports from small regional facilities, see above. Action for all delegates: Check the data concerning your society on the ENSA web-site (European neutron portal http://neutron.neutron-eu.net/ ), contact Ana Claver or ENSA chairman if updates are needed. 7. April 2006 Kell Mortensen

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Appendices: 1) ILL (Christian Vettier) 2) ISIS (Uschi Steigenberger) 3) EMF documents

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