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Vol.1 No. 1

January 2011 Contents

2011 Elections Time-table Vol 1 No.1 January 2011 The Nigeria ElecThe Nigeria Election Violence Report (NEVR) Project tion Violence Reapproximately six Programme Officers, eighteen Master port (NEVR) pro- Overview The Nigeria Election Violence Report (NEVR) is being Trainers and seventy-two monitors, with at least 3 masject implemented by the National Association for Peaceful ter trainers and 12 monitors in each of the six geoObjectives of NAPEN ABOUT Elections in Nigeria (NAPEN), in collaboration with IFES. political zones. The team will represent diverse civil This project will develop the capacity of civil society to society organizations from across the country networkIFES Full text of a monitor, analyze and respond to incidences of election ing as partners. Monitors will document verified incidents Press related conflicts and promote collaboration and dialogue Release on the es- with election stakeholders including the electoral man- of violence, potential for violence (level of tension), and calating rate of agement body (INEC) the security agents, political par- peace activities in hotspots across every zone, from midelectoral violence ties, the judiciary, and the faith-based organizations, January until the end of May. This information will be in Nigeria by Prof. among others, in order to mitigate and/or prevent elec- immediately relayed up to the NEVR website via text toral violence before during and after the 2011 elections message and subject to verification and quality control by S.E. Bogoro in Nigeria. NEVR will implement the useof the NEVR web- the team before showing up on www.nevr.org . Data will Transcript of a site which brings groundbreaking technology to improve be maintained by IFES/NAPEN and monthly analytical chat with Joshua upon previous conflict reporting and give the public and Kushee on Globe other stakeholders a near-instant access to incidents reports will explore trends, positive and negative, found FM Bauchi on De- around the country as well as a variety of other election- by the monitoring team. These regular reports featuring cember 27th, 2010 related information. This project complements IFES' patterns of violence and tensions, peace initiatives, and activities to enhance the credibility of the 2011 electoral recommendations will be distributed to civil society, Terror attacks process. The NEVR project will engage civil society governmental, and security actors nationwide. may mar 2011 groups across Nigeria as monitors during the pre-election, elections, warns election day and post election periods of the 2011 elecNigerian expert in tions. NAPEN and its local-level partners will strengthen The NEVR project will be built on the EVER methodology which was developed by IFES through an examination the UK their ability to reinforce peace in their communities and global best practices among civil society organizations Summary of the to help prevent tensions from escalating into violence. (CSOs) which monitor electoral violence around the final report of the world, and through implementation in countries as election violence Goals of the Project diverse as Nigeria, Guyana, Ghana, Iraq and Kyrgyzstan. To increase public knowledge and and resolution NEVR monitors will learn skills to identify election violence a w a r e n e s s of the d a n g e r s of electoral violence and track tension levels, to interview sources to verify (EVER) project before, during and after elections reported violence and assess tension levels, and to accuElectoral violence To increase the participation and rately document their findings. Monitors will be trained newspaper track- Involvement of election stakeholders i n the in the use of reporting tools for documenting and verifying mitigation and prevention of electoral violence ing incidents of election violence, as well as capturing NAPEN Profile information on peace events. Paper forms will back up Project Structure and methodology the immediacy of the SMS relay to NEVR.org website

To increase the capacity of Civil Society Organizations toral violence the Nigeria include NEVR Project (CSOs) and the electorate to monitor and prevent elecwill and will be sent to NAPEN headquarters every two weeks.

2 Vol.1 No. 2

January 2011 2011 Elections Time Table

Conduct of Party

PrimariesNovember 26 December 1 2010.

OBJECTIVES NAPEN

1. 2. 3.

Registration of voters January 15292011 Display of voters list February3-8 2011.

4. 5. 6. 7.

C o l l e c t i o n of

N om i n a t i o n forms February 7-10.

To deepen awareness on best practices for attaining peaceful elections in Nigeria. To build the capacity of CSOs to monitor and document electoral violence. To establish data on pattern and trends of violence in order to improve short and long time mitigating effect. To provide monitoring data and analysis to stakeholders and the public on election related violence. To facilitate the development of collaborative mitigation strategies by stakeholders. To promote free, fair and credible elections. To facilitate the integration of peace education at all levels.

NAPEN is still enjoying the support of IFES in respect of election monitoring. We have been working in partnership with the Institute of Peace and Conflict Resolution (IPCR) and INEC since 2006, and in the process we were accredited severally by INEC to monitor the 2007 elections and the re-run elections in 2007 and 2008. Furthermore, we made submission to the Justice Uwais Electoral Reform Committee, and have made public appearance in electronic media like NTA, AIT, etc.

ABOUT IFES

The International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) is the leading election assistance and democracy promotion Non Governmental Organization. IFES promotes stability by providing technical assistance and applying field based research to electoral cycle in countries around the world to enhance citizen participation and strengthen civil societies, governance and transparency. Every IFES project is staffed by national, and international personnel while partnering with local election management bodies and civil society organizations (CSOs). This homegrown approach ensures that the expertise offered by IFES fits the needs of the country or client and the benefit of assistance outlasts the life of the project. The work of IFES is non partisan and also includes projects that: Help citizen participate in their democracies Increase politicians' accountability to the electorate Strengthen government institutions Since its founding in 1987, IFES has worked in more than 100 countries from developing democracies to mature democracies. In preparation for Nigeria's 2007 elections, IFES provided technical assistance and strategic capacity building to the Independent Electoral Commission (INE) and a range of CSOs and coalitions working on electoral issues. IFES also strengthen political party participation in the election by giving particular attention to party finances and the transparency and accountability of political parties. Following the problematic elections, IFES monitored the election complaints tribunal process, initiated a conference to determine a plan for moving forward democratically and assessed the impact of voter education through a national survey.

Last day of submission of

Nomination Forms February 21.

Organizational Structure:

NAPEN is a registered trustee, with Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC). It is an umbrella organization made up of six zonal members, representing the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria, Viz.: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. North East FAcE-PaM, Bauchi NorthWest SEMA, Kaduna North Central Inter-Gender, Jos South West WARDC, Lagos. South East CIDJAP South South CERHD

Collection of forms CF001

(affidavit and personal particulars of candidates) and CF002 (Party list of candidates for all elections) December 15 -22.

Last day of submission of forms

CF001 and CF002January31

Last day for withdrawal by

candidates/substitution or w i t h d rawal of candidates by political parties:

The Executive Committee that runs the organization on a daily basis on behalf of the Board of Trustee is made up as follows:

National Assembly

February 14

Presidential February 21 Governorship/State Assembly

February28

1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Prof. S. E. B o g o r o ( E x e c u t i v e Chairman). Rev. Fr. Ikechukwu O. Odigbo (Secretary). Prof. D. Ityavyar. Adefarasin Wuroala. PatrickMoagbabton. AbiolaAkinyadeAfolabi.

National Assembly Elections

April 2

Presidential Election April 9 Houses of Assembly/

Governorship election April 19

Activities

The organization was midwived by IFES Nigeria. It was initially called NAPE, a loose coalition that emerged from an IFES funded Electoral Violence Education and Resolution (EVER) project towards the Nigeria 2007 national elections.

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3 Vol.1 No. 3

January 2011 2011 Elections Time Table

Conduct of Party

PrimariesNovember 26 December 1 2010.

FULL TEXT OF A PRESS RELEASEON THE ESCALATING RATEOFELECTORAL VIOLENCE IN NIGERIA BY: Professor Suleiman E. Bogoro (Executive Chairman NAPEN)

In our desire to promote violence-free, transparent and credible elections in Nigeria, we have been collaborating with broad stakeholders in the electoral process, including INEC, the Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution (IPCR), Security agencies, the media and Civil society organizations. We have also been undertaking civic and voter education to achieve same objectives. Furthermore, we have just trained monitors to track possible violence and peaceful nature of the ongoing voter registration exercise and the campaigns and eventual national elections in April, 2011. Suddenly, we have watched with dismay and utter shock the worrisome trends and forms of electoral violence and other politically- motivated violence across the Country, especially those associated with the Primary elections of many political parties. The spread and seeminglyincreasing intensity of violence across the political parties are not good signals for the forthcoming national elections. Specifically, the instances of desperation, thuggery and counter-thuggery, assassinations, arson, bombings, intimidation and non-transparent conduct of political party primary elections are all negative indicators of the electoral process that we have all promised to improve, starting with the 2011 elections. The forms, sophistry and complexity of politicallymotivated violence suggests that some perpetrators, instigators and sponsors of these types of violence are moving one step ahead of security agencies and lawabiding Nigerians who should be acting to prevent their unpatriotic plans and actions aimed at discrediting the electoral process, and by extension, participatory democracy in Nigeria. We reckon that these people and theiragents are not happy with the more inclusive new electoral process, and so will rather take us back to the old order of god fatherism and prebendal politics whereby a few powerful persons dictate and manipulate the process through the exclusionand disenfranchisement of the majority of voters or duly elected delegates, if they are properly elected at all. We wish to, therefore, call on all Nigerians to "shine their eyes" and expose the enemies of democracy and Nigeria, many of whom are masquerading as politicians but surreptitiously plotting and acting against democracy and the will of the people by exploiting our mutual distrust and artificial lines of divine like regionalism, ethnicity and religious or clannish differences. Finally, we wish to urge the Federal government to ensure that the enemies of democracy are not allowed to pull back the hands of the clock, just as we expect governments at all levels to ensure that all sections and entities of Nigeria are given a sense of belonging. Above all, governments (and political parties) are urged to ensure good governance, adequate security for lives and property, electoral justice, job creation/poverty reduction and equity. Once these are in place, agents and sponsors of electoral and politically-motivated violence will be jobless. Meanwhile, government is called upon to ensure that perpetrators of unlawful acts of violence are fished out and brought to book to serve as deterrent to others. The searchlight for sponsors and perpetrators must also go beyond our borders.

Registration of voters January 15292011 Display of voters list February3-8 2011.

C o l l e c t i o n of

N om i n a t i o n forms February 7-10.

Last day of submission of

Nomination Forms February 21.

Collection of forms CF001

(affidavit and personal particulars of candidates) and CF002 (Party list of candidates for all elections) December 15 -22.

Last day of submission of forms

CF001 and CF002January31

Last day for withdrawal by

candidates/substitution or w i t h d rawal of candidates by political parties:

National Assembly

February 14

Presidential February 21 Governorship/State Assembly

February28

National Assembly Elections

April 2

Presidential Election April 9 Houses of Assembly/

Governorship election April 19

Transcript of a Chat with Joshua Kushee on Globe FM Bauchi on December 27th, 2010 On ElectoralViolence

Electoral violence has been a terminal problem of Nigerian politics since the 1950's. The situation has been variously blamed on deepening poverty, unemployment, the manipulation of ethnic electoral system that encourages winner-takes-all outcomes and the lack of independence of the

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4 Vol.1 No. 4

January 2011 2011 Elections Time Table

Conduct of Party

PrimariesNovember 26 December 1 2010. Transcript of a Chat with Joshua Kushee... Contd. Judiciary, the police and the different bodies that independence. This has resulted in several deaths and heavy loss of properties in almost all parts of the country. It has undermined the development of democracy and enjoyment of its so-called dividends by the citizens of thiscountry. Electoral violence is not only perpetrated by one party, candidates and supporters of all the major political parties carry out acts of violence in pursuit of political victory (Human Rights Watch 2004 and EU Election Observer Mission 2007). Furthermore, once violence was initiated by supporters of one party, their opponents usually do not hesitate to respond in kind. Violence, protests and instant defection in the Peoples' Democratic Party trailed the State Assembly congresses that were recently held nationwide. In Akwa Ibom state, a house of assembly aspirant n MpatEn in Local Government Area, Dr, Akpan Akpudo was assassinated by unknown gunmen. In Nasarawa State, the House of Assembly primaries were marred by violence and the late arrival of materials. Youths in their hundreds engaged in violence using all sorts of locally made weapons. In Ogun State, violence and controversies trailed the conduct of the House of Assembly primaries. In Cross Rivers State, the primaries were not held due to late arrival of materials. In Bayelsa State, muted protest greeted the alleged conduct of the party primaries inside state government house. The fresh congresses ordered by the National Working Committee of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Oyo State turned into a killing field as three people lost their lives. One of the well known casualties was the sacked state chairman of the National Union of Road Transport Workers (NURTW), Lateef Salako (aka Eleweomo). He was killed during a crisis that ensued after the party's c o n g r e s s local at the Ona-Ara government area of the state. Two other supporters of the Senate leader, Teslim Folarin, were also reportedly killed during the fracas. The ward congresses of the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC), also, turned sour in Bauchi as they were marred by violence, which led to the death of one person, while many others were injured with four currently receiving treatment at an undisclosed hospital in Bauchi. Reports also had it that many cars were damaged with their windscreens shattered by political thugs loyal to one of the factions in trying to protect results of the congresses held in all the electoral wards in the state.

Registration of voters January 15292011 Display of voters list February3-8 2011.

C o l l e c t i o n of

N om i n a t i o n forms February 7-10.

Last day of submission of

Nomination Forms February 21.

Collection of forms CF001

(affidavit and personal particulars of candidates) and CF002 (Party list of candidates for all elections) December 15 -22.

On Political Thugs

They go by different names. Political thugs have been operating in almost all states of Nigeria since the reintroduction of electoral democracy in 1999. These groups of mostly unemployed youth are usually sponsored by desperate politicians who lure them with extravagant promises of employment and other illegal government patronage. When elections are over and the politicians, now in power, fail to redeem their promises, these used-and-dumped young men usually resort to rape, robbery, kidnap and other heinous crimes to extort money and other valuables from the general public t o m a k e e n d s m e e t . Impunity is a recurring theme in almost all cases of political violence. As reported by Human Rights Watch and other international and local observers, the overwhelming majority of politically motivated cases of violence have not resulted in p r o s e c u t i o n s .

Last day of submission of forms

CF001 and CF002January31

Last day for withdrawal by

candidates/substitution or w i t h d rawal of candidates by political parties:

National Assembly

February 14

Presidential February 21 Governorship/State Assembly

February28

National Assembly Elections

April 2

Presidential Election April 9 Houses of Assembly/

Governorship election April 19

On Internal Party Democracy

Most political parties do not promote and uphold the basic principles of democracy imposition and of in party operations. In other words, there is glaring lack of internal levels democracy. by party The candidates (President, (in different guises) for most elective offices at all officials leaders Governor, Minister, Party Chairmen, etc) by most p o li t ic a l p a r t i e s

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5 Vol.1 No. 5

January 2011 2011 Elections Time Table

Conduct of Party

PrimariesNovember 26 December 1 2010.

On Abuse of State resources

has generally weakened political parties and made them unattractive as platforms for credible candidates to emerge for elective offices. The impunity of disregard of party prescriptions and procedures for nomination of candidates for elective offices must stop. This has resulted in clashes that leave several peopledeadandmuch moreinjured. In Kwara State, for example, some aggrieved members of the Peoples Democratic Party protested what they described as the allocation of votes in the state congresses conducted on Tuesday. According to Captain Shedrach Popoola chairman, Foundation for Better Nigeria, Kwara State chapter, "In many parts of the state, there were no ward congresses at all as the government agents just made sure they wrote names of party members that were loyal to them. Similarly, the exercise in Adamawa State has been described by Senator Jibrin Aminu (PDP Adamawa) as a mockery of democracy. The senator lamented that in spite of the people's hope for a credible election next year, what obtained at Tuesday's delegates election in some states, particularly in Adamawa, was unfortunate. "Credible election does not start on the polling day; anybody who thinks that credible election starts on the polling day does not really understand the process. The pre-primary stages are very important,"he said. In Osun Stae,some aspirants accusedthe state leadership of the party of imposition of candidates. Some aggrieved members of the CPC in Kano State have threatened to go to court over the election of Alhaji Ahmadu Haruna Danzago as the party's chairman, alleging that the poll was marredbyirregularities

Registration of voters January 15292011 Display of voters list February3-8 2011.

C o l l e c t i o n of

N om i n a t i o n forms February 7-10.

Last day of submission of

Nomination Forms February 21.

There is an uneven playing field in all political contests. Three aspects of an uneven playing field are of particular importance: access to resources, media access and access to the law. Access to resources is said to be uneven where the incumbent use the state to create or maintain resource disparities which undermines the opposition's ability to compete. This can be done through direct partisan use of state resources, or through the systematic use of the state's infrastructure, (buildings, vehicles, communication equipment and personnel) for electoral campaigns. In several instances public employees are mobilized in large numbers to work for the governing party. Sometimes incumbents monopolize accesstoprivatesectorfinance. A recent study by Collier and Vicente on the 2007 General Elections in Nigeria shows that this uneven playing field makes the opposition, or a rival group within a ruling party, more likely to use violence during political contests, because the incumbent has a comparative advantage in alternative strategies such as vote buying and ballot fraud.

Collection of forms CF001

(affidavit and personal particulars of candidates) and CF002 (Party list of candidates for all elections) December 15 -22.

Last day of submission of forms

CF001 and CF002January31

Last day for withdrawal by

candidates/substitution or w i t h d rawal of candidates by political parties:

National Assembly

February 14

On Moneyandpolitics

Presidential February 21 Governorship/State Assembly

February28

National Assembly Elections

April 2

Presidential Election April 9 Houses of Assembly/

Governorship election April 19

Big money in politics is used mostly to buy votes, electoral officers and political tugs to clobber the opposition. This has exacerbated the "kleptomania" in the society. Currently, politicians have the obsessive desire to steal to amass enough money to enable them sludge it out in the up-coming 2011 politics. The money-induced political power struggle has corrosive effect on the political process. However, the relationship between money, politics and corruption could be summed up as, Moneybag+Politics=Corruption.

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6 Vol.1 No. 6

January 2011 2011 Elections Time Table

Conduct of Party

PrimariesNovember 26 December 1 2010. 2011: Britain warns against Election violence Vanguard, December 2nd, 2010 The British Government has said it will condemn any use of violence to intimidate or distract the democratic procession during the 2011 general election. It has urged the Independent National Electoral Commission and the Nigeria police to provide all logistics and practical arrangements to ensure credible andpeaceful election. insisted that the best democracy standards in party primaries be strictly adhered to and be closely regulated by INEC supported by civil society to ensure transparency. This was contained in a statement by the public relation officer, Hooman Nouruzi who noted that the fresh dates for Nigeria's next election will provide helpful clarity.

Despite the fact the country has witnessed violence in the past there has never been any known terrorist organization in Nigeria when you compare our situation to what is happening in other countries, especially since

NEWSPAPER CLIPS

Registration of voters January 15292011 Display of voters list February3-8 2011.

Dr Amaechi M. Nwaokolo is a research fellow in International terrorism and political violence. He responds to questions on the recent bomb blasts

C o l l e c t i o n of

N om i n a t i o n forms February 7-10.

Last day of submission of

Nomination Forms February 21.

TERROR ATTACKS MAY MAR 2011 ELECTIONS, WARNS NIGERIAN EXPERTS IN THE UK

in Abuja, excerpts: Q: What is your take on the bomb blast and what does it portend for the 2011 elections? A: This is a very disturbing development for our country. Just as the President of the country has said this is a complete act of terrorism. No doubt about it. However whether the act was carried out by a terrorist organization remains unclear. But choosing such a very important occasion and venue, where foreign dignitaries and large population of people gathered appears to me that intention was to rattle and destabilize the government and the nation. Judging from the country's political and election history which has often been marred by all forms of violence, from thuggery to kidnaping forransom and assassination, I suspect that this mode of violence may become a major weapon of intimidation and coercion for politicians as the nation gearsup for the 2011 electionand beyond. Q: As an expert on terrorism and and political violence can you draw a pattern of violence in Nigeria and compare, with examples from other parts of theworld A: ...the act of terrorism is one of the emerging challenges of the 21st century for nation-states. It would interest you toknow that terrorist actorthe method of using violence in furthering a cause or promote political or religious objective dates back as far as the first century A.D. when a group of organizations referred to as the zealots of Judea (popularly known as the dagger men) first appeared. the end of the cold war. Yes there has been very major religious crisis or violence in different parts of the country, yes there has been various assassinations and yes the nation appears to be sliding on the downward spiral in terms of development goals, I believe that in most cases, violence in Nigeria has often been motivated by politicians for their selfish gains rather than organizations that are seeking to achieve any political objective as can be seen in parts of Asia, South America, in the Middle East and even parts of North Africa, however, there is growing apprehension amongst some scholars that some of the violence in Nigeria is also sponsored by radical groups outside the country that are taking advantage of the massive underdevelopment and raging poverty in those parts of the country devastated by lack of social infrastructure and huge corruption in the system and if the government does not take appropriate action part of the country may soon become an outpost of terrorist activities. Q: How will you want the Police and the SSS to tackle the emerging violence and terrorism? A: Building a counter terrorism plan involves all segments of the society or many government agencies. The agencies must develop the capacity and acquire the modern technique on how to meet the challenge of the 'new war'. They must increase security surveillance and intelligence gathering in order to nib in the bud any future terrorist act or violence. Also they must step up security in those places that are usually terrorist targets, such as airports, stadiums, government buildings and installations

Collection of forms CF001

(affidavit and personal particulars of candidates) and CF002 (Party list of candidates for all elections) December 15 -22.

Last day of submission of forms

CF001 and CF002January31

Last day for withdrawal by

candidates/substitution or w i t h d rawal of candidates by political parties:

National Assembly

February 14

Presidential February 21 Governorship/State Assembly

February28

National Assembly Elections

April 2

Presidential Election April 9 Houses of Assembly/

Governorship election April 19

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NAPEN PROFILE

NAPEN ­ National Association for Peaceful Elections in Nigeria is a Coalition that emerged from an IFES ­ funded Electoral Violence Education and Resolution (EVER) Project during the Nigeria 2007 National Elections. NAPEN is registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) since 2008. It comprises of 6 Organizations, one from each geopolitical zone:

Forward in Action for Education Poverty and Malnutrition (FAcE -PaM), Bauchi State ­ North East Strategic Empowerment and Mediation Agency (SEMA), Kaduna ­ North West International Centre for Gender and Social Research(INTERGENDER), Jos ­ North Central Women Advocates Research and Documentation Centre (WARDC), Lagos ­ South West Christian Community Initiative for Peace and Development (CCIPAD), Enugu ­ South East Community Policing Partners (COMPPART), Uyo ­ South South OBJECTIVES OF NAPEN To deepen awareness on best practices for attaining Peaceful elections and facilitate the development of mitigation strategies in Nigeria. To build the Capacity of CSO's to monitor and document electoral violence. To establish and provide data on patterns and trends of violence to stake holders and the public in order to improve short and long term mitigation efforts. To promote free, fair and credible elections. NAPEN HEAD OFFICE No. 4B Buchanan Close Off Aminu Kano Crescent Wuse II, Abuja.

Terror attacks may mar 2011 election... Contd. They should also strengthen coordination and cooperation among each other in combating crime that might be connected with terrorism, including kidnapping, drug trafficking, money laundering and other potential forms of political violence. Members of the public must also be enlightened regarding this emerging threat of our time so thatthey canhelp to report any suspicious thing; people and vehicles they see as was the case at the Time square Incident in New York recently. My advice is that government must take a very decisive and firm action to smoke out and bring to justice those behind the horror of that 'dark October' morning, thereby sending a strong w a r n in g that The concept, design and implementation of the EVER project was in response to the challenges facing the free and credible conduct of elections in

government/Nigeria does not condone any act of terrorism or violence. Finally, one major important issue is that the government look at the human security paradigm which outline a non-military or the use of force approach which aim to address the enduring underlining inequalities which fuel terrorist activities and other forms of violence within the polity. Every causal factor needs to be delineated and measures implemented which allow equal access to resource and sustainability for all citizens. Such activities empower citizens providing 'freedom from fear' and 'freedom from want'. Then trained in a step-down training approach for the field monitoring and reporting of incidents of electoral violence across the six geo-political zones of the country.

SUMMARY OF THE FINAL REPORT OF THE ELECTION VIOLENCE AND RESOLUTION (EVER) PROJECT

Nigeria. The preceding election of 2003 witnessed immense fraud coupled with electoral violence that made the election a near do-or-die affair. In response this and in pursuit of USIAD's goal of ensuring credible and violence free elections in the 2007 elections, IFES-Nigeria implemented the Electoral Violence Education and Resolution [EVER] project from December 2006 through June 2007. The core objectives of the EVER project were: Increased CSO capacity for effective prevention of electoral violence; Strengthen CSO partnerships with other stakeholders [especially government agencies] in the electoral process to prevent electoral violence; and Increased public awareness around violence prevention and conflict mitigation during and after elections. The project implementation started with training of the master trainers in January through February2007. Monitors were

Other activities such as programme design meeting, advocacy visits, media roundtables and briefings, motor park rallies, roundtable on electoral violence, security briefing with security agents, national and zonal launching of the Nigerian Alliance for Peaceful Elections (NAPE), public awareness initiatives, radio programmes on electoral violence etc. were held in the courseoftheproject implementation . The project involved a wide range of stakeholders and created a awareness on electoral violence in Nigeria.FromJanuary13throughMay31, 2007, electoral violence incidents were verified, reported and submitted, and has been included in the EVER database. These incidents were reported in EVER Report numbers 1 6 and made available to various stakeholders. (The reports are available atwww. NEVR.org).

WEBSITE: www.nevr.org EMAILS, COMMENTS, [email protected] For Further information about this newsletter, contact NAPEN Project Coordinator ­ Nanvyap, Yacit Noel on +2348036811396 or [email protected]

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NAPEN PROFILE

NAPEN ­ National Association for Peaceful Elections in Nigeria is a Coalition that emerged from an IFES ­ funded Electoral Violence Education and Resolution (EVER) Project during the Nigeria 2007 National Elections. NAPEN is registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) since 2008. It comprises of 6 Organizations, one from each geopolitical zone:

ELECTION VIOLENCE NEWSPAPER TRACKING by Nanvyap,Yacit Noel - NAPEN Project Coordinator.

Secret army report implicates NSA Azazi, Ibori, Alamieyeseigha, Henry and Sunny Okah in military weapons sale to Niger Delta Militants - Desert Herald Weekly 9-18 November, 2010.

Forward in Action for Education Poverty and Malnutrition (FAcE -PaM), Bauchi State ­ North East Strategic Empowerment and Mediation Agency (SEMA), Kaduna ­ North West International Centre for Gender and Social Research(INTERGENDER), Jos ­ North Central Women Advocates Research and Documentation Centre (WARDC), Lagos ­ South West Christian Community Initiative for Peace and Development (CCIPAD), Enugu ­ South East Community Policing Partners (COMPPART), Uyo ­ South South OBJECTIVES OF NAPEN To deepen awareness on best practices for attaining Peaceful elections and facilitate the development of mitigation strategies in Nigeria. To build the Capacity of CSO's to monitor and document electoral violence. To establish and provide data on patterns and trends of violence to stake holders and the public in order to improve short and long term mitigation efforts. To promote free, fair and credible elections. NAPEN HEAD OFFICE No. 4B Buchanan Close Off Aminu Kano Crescent Wuse II, Abuja.

Nassarawa: politician attacked over attempted abduction - Daily Trust November 22, 2010

Gunmen attack Ondo PDP chieftain Daily Trust November 26, 2010 Boko Haram: 5 killed, 6 injured in shootout - Thisday December 6, 2010 2 killed in Bauchi - Daily Trust December 7, 2010. Woman kidnapped inside Church in Port Harcourt - Daily Trust December 7, 2010.

Boko Haram: Banks close early in Borno - Daily Trust December 7, 2010 Woman, niece kidnapped in Calabar The Nation December 8, 2010. Police intercepts weapons in Oyo Daily Trust December 9, 2010. Ward head battles suspected armed Boko haram members in Borno - Daily Trust December 10, 2010.

WEBSITE: www.nevr.org EMAILS, COMMENTS, [email protected] For Further information about this newsletter, contact NAPEN Project Coordinator ­ Nanvyap, Yacit Noel on +2348036811396 or [email protected]

Veterinary Practitioners condemns arms buildup - Daily Trust December 9, 2010.

Gunmen kidnap JUHEL chair, Okoye in Anambra - The Nation December 10, 2010

Boko Haram members, security forces in gun battle - Daily Trust December 20, 2010

Gunmen abduct former UBTH CMD - Daily Trust December 9, 2010. Again gunmen strike in Gov Sylva's home - Sunday Vanguard December 9, 2010. Muazu's group alleges illegal detention of supporters (Bauchi State) Daily Trust December 14, 2010. Tallen camp accuses Jang of victimization - The Nation December 17, 2010. Suspected thugs disrupt rally in Ezza South Local Govt. Ebonyi State - The Nation December 17, 2010. Unknown gunmen kill Mubi PDP Chairman Daily Trust December 17, 2010. 2011: Police foil Masari's Declaration - Daily Trust December 17, 2010. 11 die in rice stampede ... in kwara - Daily Trust December 18, 2010. Residents resist Ekiti PDP's bid to cause chaos The Nation December 19, 2010. Jos Explosion: 32 confirmed dead, 72 hospitalized - The Nation December 26, 2010. Fresh alarm in Jos: JTF deploys troops to Churches and Mosque - The Nation December 31, 2010. Crises trail PDP delegates' election Nationwide The Nation December 8, 2010. Crises Mars Youths' summit for Jonathan - The Nation December 8, 2010. Thugs attack Zamfara ANPP secretariat - Daily Trust December 2, 2010. Boko Haram suspect killed 3 nabbed trying to kill - Daily Trust December 2, 2010. Chairmanship aspirant arraigned for murder Thisday December 8, 2010. Gunmen strike again in Maiduguri, kill three. Daily Trust December 29, 2010. Campaign bus intercepted with arms, PDP cards. Daily Trust December 29, 2010. Protesters greet Delta PDP ward congresses: Daily Independent December 30, 2010. PDP Congress: tension mounts between Nwodo and Chime camps in Enugu. - Daily Independent December 29, 2010. Violence trails CPC congress in Kaduna - Daily Trust December 13, 2010. Crises mars PDP congresses in Kano - Daily Trust December 13, 2010. Youth attack Kano CPC Secretariat - The Nation December 2010. Violence, poor turnout mar PDP congresses in Delta, Bauchi and others - The Nation 8

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NAPEN PROFILE

NAPEN ­ National Association for Peaceful Elections in Nigeria is a Coalition that emerged from an IFES ­ funded Electoral Violence Education and Resolution (EVER) Project during the Nigeria 2007 National Elections. NAPEN is registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC) since 2008. It comprises of 6 Organizations, one from each geopolitical zone:

Election Violence newspaper tracking contd. December 29, 2010. Nigeria: Bomb explosion rock Bayelsa political rally - The Sahara Reporters December 29, 2010 Eleweomo, two others killed in Ibadan - 234 Next December 31, 2010. Crowd violence mar PDP congress in Benue - Vanguard December 30, 2010. Oyo - decent to Anarchy in pacesetter state - The punch January 1, 2011

Forward in Action for Education Poverty and Malnutrition (FAcE -PaM), Bauchi State ­ North East Strategic Empowerment and Mediation Agency (SEMA), Kaduna ­ North West International Centre for Gender and Social Research(INTERGENDER), Jos ­ North Central Women Advocates Research and Documentation Centre (WARDC), Lagos ­ South West Christian Community Initiative for Peace and Development (CCIPAD), Enugu ­ South East Community Policing Partners (COMPPART), Uyo ­ South South OBJECTIVES OF NAPEN To deepen awareness on best practices for attaining Peaceful elections and facilitate the development of mitigation strategies in Nigeria. To build the Capacity of CSO's to monitor and document electoral violence. To establish and provide data on patterns and trends of violence to stake holders and the public in order to improve short and long term mitigation efforts. To promote free, fair and credible elections. NAPEN HEAD OFFICE No. 4B Buchanan Close Off Aminu Kano Crescent Wuse II, Abuja.

WEBSITE: www.nevr.org EMAILS, COMMENTS, [email protected] For Further information about this newsletter, contact NAPEN Project Coordinator ­ Nanvyap, Yacit Noel on +2348036811396 or [email protected]

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