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Ground covers and perennials

Family: ASTERACEAE Arctotis acaulis *Red COMMON NAMES: Botterblom Fast growing and effective as ground covers, spilling over walls or a dry bank. Excellent for coastal gardens, they have silver-grey leaves and produce a dazzling display of huge flame coloured daisy-like flowers from late winter to summer. Feed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser for best results. Nieuwoudtville - sandy flats and lower slopes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Arctotis acaulis *Yellow COMMON NAMES: Botterblom Fast growing and effective as ground covers, spilling over walls or a dry bank. Excellent for coastal gardens, they have silver-grey leaves and produce a dazzling display of huge butter yellow daisy-like flowers from late winter to summer. Feed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser for best results. Nieuwoudtville - sandy flats and lower slopes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Arctotis 'On Fire' [PBR pending, Appl. No. PT 6017] Family: ASTERACEAE

A NEW release from our own breeding program: a compact, clump forming Arctotis with large, red flowers that sport a double row of closely packed petals. After years of breeding and selection, we are at last ready to release this stunning hybrid. Plant it in sun in well-drained soil. New Plant Nursery hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Arctotis 'Radiance RedTM' [PBR ZA 2000110202] Family: ASTERACEAE

Fantastic large, deep maroon, daisy flowers and silver foliage. An irresistible garden addition available early spring onwards. Clump forming, producing masses of fantastic blooms virtually all year. Plant in full sun, well drained position. Low maintenance, but performs best with regular feeding. Deadhead often for longer flowering. Hybrid bred at the University of Sydney, Australia FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Arctotis stoechadifolia Family: ASTERACEAE COMMON NAMES: Witgousblom Neat and efficient, this ground cover is ideal for covering banks and sandy coastal gardens. Attractive steel grey serrated leaves and cheerful cream daisy flowers with pink reverse almost all year round. Top dress with compost or organic fertilizer for ultimate results. Peninsula to Port Elizabeth FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Arctotis 'Sunset RadianceTM' [PBR ZA 2000110202] Family: ASTERACEAE

Huge daisy flowers contain all the colours of the setting sun, burnt red, orange and shades of yellow. Clump forming, producing masses of fantastic blooms virtually all year. Plant in the full sun in a well drained position. For best results feed regularly with a slow release 3:1:5 organic or chemical fertilizer and deadhead often. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 1

Ground covers and perennials

Asystasia gangetica Family: ACANTHACEAE Attractive, fast growing ground cover, dark glossy green leaves with cream foxglove-like flowers. Plant in moist, lightly-shaded to sunny position. Feed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. E Cape, KZN, Swaziland, Mpumalanga, Northern FLOWERING TIMES province, Southern Cape shady areas J F M A M J J A S O N D Bacopa 'Abunda Collosa Pink' [PBR] Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

A lovely hybrid Sutera (often know as 'Bacopa' in Europe) with large, lilac-pink flowers and a cascading habit. Grows well in sun or shade, but best in light shade. Good as a pot subject in hanging bowls or as a cascading pot plant. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Barleria obtusa *Dwarf Blue Family: ACANTHACEAE

A new release this year, this super-compact, low growing form of Barleria obtusa is going to be a winner. It gets absolutely covered in heavenly blue flowers, and never becomes leggy or floppy. Perfect for colourful late summer to autumn display as a mound-forming perennial or as a low border in formal gardens. Trim to shape after flowering. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Barleria repens 'Purple Prince' Family: ACANTHACEAE

Excellent ground cover or low shrub for full sun or semi shade. Medium grower. Glossy green leaves with royal purple flowers. Can be easily pruned to form a low hedge. Prune lightly after flowering. Feed with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Barleria repens 'Rosea' Family: ACANTHACEAE

This Barleria has a slower more compact growth rate than the others and gorgeous flame red flowers that fade to a rich pink. Excellent container plant, responds well to pruning and regular application of fertilizer - 3:1:5 slow release. Very water wise and easy to grow. Ideal low hedge, cascades in loffelstein. Glossy foliage. Flowers intermittently throughout the year. Grows well in sun or shade. KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Barleria repens 'Tickled Pink' Family: ACANTHACEAE

An exceptional New Plant cultivar with large magenta flowers and shiny dark green leaves. Fast spreading ground cover for large areas, covering banks, in containers. Easily pruned into low hedges or topiary. Responds well to regular watering and feeding with slow release 3:1:5 organic or chemical fertilizer. New Plant Nursery hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ground covers and perennials

Family: ASTERACEAE Berkheya coriacea COMMON NAMES: Disseldoring A NEW introduction! This perennial shrublet has spiny, leathery leaves with attractive white wooly undersides that contrast splendidly with the large and showy yellow daisies in spring. Plant in full sun. Ideal for rockeries and rocky slopes - similar to it's natural habitat - exposed limestone outcrops. Like most plants that tolerate poor soil, additions of fertilizer enhance growth. endemic to limestone areas between Bredasberg FLOWERING TIMES and Mossel Bay J F M A M J J A S O N D Chaetacanthus setiger Family: ACANTHACEAE

A tough little ground cover with small dark-green leaves and star-shaped white flowers in summer. Sun or shade, wind and drought resistant. Feed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Mossel Bay to P.E. and E.Cape to KZN. Grassland FLOWERING TIMES and forest J F M A M J J A S O N D Chironia laxa Family: GENTIANACEAE

Delightful, shiny, star shaped, Barbie Pink flowers virtually obscure the soft, glossy foliage from late summer to early autumn making this New Plant Nugget a winner! A low growing, herbaceous perennial for sunny to semi shade borders or panted in mass for effect. To thrive, Chironias need a well drained spot and regular watering especially to establish. Regular feeding and pruning produces lush foliage, more flowers and well shaped plants. KZN and E. Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Chrysocoma cf tenuifolia COMMON NAMES: Beesbossie Small, compact bush, ±40cm, with profusion of yellow button flowers all summer. Perfect for sandy soils of coastal gardens, plant in mass or as cheerful clay pot and mixed bowl subject. Does well if watered and fed with organic fertiliser or 3:1:5 regularly, prune to keep neat. Widespread in S. W. and S. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Cineraria geifolia Family: ASTERACEAE

Similar to C. saxifraga but with larger, softly hairy leaves and more robust habit. Produces masses of small bright yellow daisies in spring to early summer. Excellent coastal plant, superb for covering loffelstein walls and banks. Needs very little attention but thrives and keeps neat if fed with organic fertilizer and trimmed after flowering. Water during dry periods. Prefers a semi shade position. SW, AP, LB, SE (Cape Peninsula to S KwaZulu FLOWERING TIMES Natal) J F M A M J J A S O N D Cineraria saxifraga Family: ASTERACEAE

Beautiful, mound forming groundcover or hanging basket subject with dainty, bright green rounded leaves and masses of tiny sunflower yellow flowers almost all year. Trim to remove dead flowers and encourage bushiness, feed and water regularly for best results. Likes a well drained sunny to semi shade position. E. Cape to E. Free State. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 3

Ground covers and perennials

Family: ROSACEAE Cliffortia ferruginea COMMON NAMES: Glasttee Sprawling shrublet with dark green, finely toothed, glossy green leaves. Thrives near the sea in rocky crevices, makes a stunning groundgover for harsh coastal gardens. Plant in full sun or semi-shade. Occasional feeding and trimming to shape yields good results. Flowers insignificant. Peninsula to P.E. rocky crevices and banks near FLOWERING TIMES the sea J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ROSACEAE Cliffortia odorata COMMON NAMES: Wildewingerd A scrambling shrub with beautiful, soft green serrated leaves, this NEW addition will be a useful landscaping plant. It forms a dense, lush shrub up to 1m tall that looks especially effective when planted with silver-foliaged plants for contrast. Flowers are somewhat insignificant. The leaves are used as a medicinal infusion for sore throats and bladder complaints. Grows near water in seepage or on dry southern banks. W.Cape, E.Cape and KZN (Clanwilliam to KZN), FLOWERING TIMES sandstone slopes J F M A M J J A S O N D Dianthus caespitosus Family: CARYOPHYLLACEAE

Fine, silvery foliage that appears almost needle like, forms a dense clump from which pink flowers with intricately fringed petals spring. The loveliest, soft colour combination, ideal for cottage style wild flower gardens. Trim to shape from time to time. Sandstone slopes Botterkloof to Worcester and FLOWERING TIMES Uitenhage J F M A M J J A S O N D Diascia 'Genta Pink' [PBR] Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

A lovely, compact Diascia with large, soft pink flowers. Ideal for containers or bedding in full sun. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Diascia 'Whisper Cranberry' [PBR] Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

This lovely improved Diascia from the internationally renowned 'Whisper' series, has the darkest Cranberry-red flowers. Striking colour for sunny spots. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Diascia 'Whisper Pumpkin' [PBR] Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

Another startling shade from the Whisper series - this time a glowing pumpkin colour that has to be seen to be believed! Brightest colour for a cheerful and striking colour accent. Perfect for pots. Compact habit. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Diascia 'Whisper White' [PBR] Back by popular demand: White Diascias from the vibrant 'Whisper' range. Hybrid Page 4 Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

Ground covers and perennials

Dicliptera eenii Family: ACANTHACEAE Exciting new perennial/dwarf shrub to add to the indigenous pallette. Flowers showy bright pink tube with prominent lips, leaves shiny green, broadly oblong. Free flowering with a romping habit (like Barleria repens) it does best in semi shade to full sun - not baking hot ! - and can be kept neat with regular pruning and thrives if watered during dry periods and fed with organic slow release fertilizer. N, LIM, NW, NW,G FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Dymondia margaretae Family: ASTERACEAE

Flat growing, yellow flowers in summer - excellent between paving stones. Prefers a moist position. Feed with organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Can be planted in sun if kept well watered, but prefers a lightly shaded position. Bredasdorp to Swellendam. Sandy, coastal flats. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CONVOLVULACEAE Falkia repens COMMON NAMES: Oortjies Beautifully compact, flat-growing perennial with rounded leaves and cup shaped pale pink flowers with heart-shaped petals. Makes a wonderful indigenous "Daisy Lawn" and thrives equally well in dry, moist, sunny or shady conditions. Little maintenance needed but feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser for lush growth. Malmesbury to Robertson, Peninsula to P. E. and FLOWERING TIMES E. Cape to KZN. J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Felicia aethiopica *Blue COMMON NAMES: Wilde-aster Very attractive, with bright green round leaves and sky blue flowers, which have yellow centres. The flowers appear in spring and summer. Deadhead regularly to prolong flowering. Plant in full sun in a welldrained position. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Low growing, ±30cm. Cederberg to Tulbagh, Peninsula to Swellendam FLOWERING TIMES and E. Cape to KZN. J F M A M J J A S O N D Felicia aethiopica *White Family: ASTERACEAE

Compact bush with masses of white daisy flowers plant in groups in mixed borders for a startling splash of white. Cut back to shape and deadhead often for more flowers. Beautful white patio plants in clay pots or mixed bowls. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Riversdale to P. E. and E. Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Felicia amelloides *Blue Family: ASTERACEAE

Compact, neat bush, ±50cm, covered with lighter blue daisy flowers all year, deadhead often for more flowers. Rewarding patio plant or massed in borders. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Riversdale to P. E. and E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 5

Ground covers and perennials

Felicia amelloides 'Variegated' Family: ASTERACEAE The masses of blue daisy flowers contrast well with the variegated foliage. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Natural sport FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Felicia amoena (=F. longifolium) Family: ASTERACEAE

Easy to grow, compact shrublet with narrow, almost needle-like leaves. Covered with masses of cheerful bright blue flowers all year - ±30cm. Excellent garden or container subject. Dead head to encourage more flowers, prune to keep neat and feed and water regularly for optimum performance. Plant in sunny well drained position. Rondebosch to Cape Point FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Felicia cf. bergeriana *White Family: ASTERACEAE

Low growing, compact shrublet covered in masses of pure whte daisy flowers all year. Cut back to shape and deadhead often for more flowers. Rewarding patio plant or massed in borders. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Swartberg mountain high slopes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Felicia muricata COMMON NAMES: Taaibloublommetjie Its common name describes this tough but showy shrublet well. It is free-flowering with repeated flushes of pretty mauve flowers throughout the summer. It is found growing on open flats and mountainsides in nature and adapts well to garden conditions when planted in sun. It will tolerate poor soil and a degree of drought, but like most plants, thrives best when fed and watered from time to time. Oudshoorn and Swellendam to Tropical Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Felicia 'Out Of The Blue' [PBR ZA 20012503] Family: ASTERACEAE

We are proud to offer the first Felicia ever to be granted Plant Breeders' Rights. A huge improvement on the old varieties, it has retained their combined good qualities and lost the bad! Vibrant, crisp green leaves form soft cushions topped with masses of violet blue, yellow centered daisies all year. This cheerful border perennial will reward you with a delightful display all year if fed with an organic or chemical slow release 3:1:5. Cut back and deadhead regularly and water during dry spells. New Plant Nursery hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Felicia 'Puntjie Blue' Family: ASTERACEAE

An unusual, trailing, coastal Felicia with pale blue flowers. Excellent for raised beds or rockeries as well as hanging baskets. Plant in full sun well drained position. Prune after flowering, and feed with organic fertiliser for best results. If left untrimmed, they are inclined to be neater than the well-known F. amelloides. Ideal for loffelstein retaining walls. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 6

Ground covers and perennials

Felicia sp. 'Glenwood' Family: ASTERACEAE The longest flowering Felicia of all! Mid-blue flowers all year round. Trim to shape from time to time and to remove dead flowers. Hardy and trouble-free, but does like occasional feeding and watering. Selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Gazania *Bright Orange Family: ASTERACEAE

Creeping Gazania with grey foliage and brightest orange blooms which add colour at all times of the year. Plant in Spring to enjoy summer-long colour. They need full sun, and occasional feeding helps them to look at their best and brightest. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Gazania *Butter Cream Family: ASTERACEAE

Very prolific flowerer, large pure white flowers, grey leaves with clump forming habit. Stunning massed in borders and good for containers & sandy coastal gardens. Likes a sunny well drained position, deadhead, feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Gazania 'Gazoo' Mixed Family: ASTERACEAE

A delightful range of hybrid Gazanias in jewel-like colours from red through orange, yellow, cream and pink. The flowers are large with broad petals and are carried on sturdy, compact stems. Plant in full sun and feed with organic or other fertiliser for the very best results. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Gazania 'Giant RedTM' Family: ASTERACEAE

A New Plant Trademark plant with enormous deep red flowers that have to be seen to be believed! It forms a clump of green leaves which contrast well with the striking blooms. Likes a sunny well drained position, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer and water regularly for best results. Good for containers & sandy coastal gardens. New Plant Nursery hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Gazania krebsiana Family: ASTERACEAE COMMON NAMES: Gousblom Striking, flame-red flowers with dark foliage, clump forming. Keep dry in summer, feed before flowering (early spring). Makes a striking display if planted in large groups. Namaqualand, S. W. Cape and S. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ground covers and perennials

Gazania rigens *White Family: ASTERACEAE A pure white selecton of the tough coastal Gazania rigens var. rigens with it's familiar bright yellow flowers. A wonderful groundcover for sunny areas, tolerant of drought as well as sea spray and trampling. Refresh by breaking off and sticking in new cuttings when necessary. Will thrive if treated with a top dressing of compost or organic fertilizer in early spring just before flowering. White selection of Gazania rigens FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Gazania rigens var. rigens COMMON NAMES: Strandgousblom Green, thick leaves with bright yellow flowers, occasional black spot in centre, trailing. Excellent coastal species, low maintenance highly desirable and adaptable ground cover for landscaping difficult areas. Stunning massed in borders and good for sandy coastal gardens. Likes a sunny well drained position, deadhead, feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. George to P. E. Coastal dunes. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Gazania rigens var. uniflora Family: ASTERACEAE

Excellent ground cover for full sun or semi shade. Silver leaves with bright yellow flowers. Excellent for landscaping harsh areas, this mat forming, tough plant requires little maintenance and even withstands a fair amount of traffic. Stunning massed in borders and good for sandy coastal gardens. Likes a sunny well drained position, deadhead, feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for lush growth. Peninsula, Southern to Eastern Cape to KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Gazania 'Splendens Pink' Family: ASTERACEAE

Soft pink flowers all year with attractive silvery grey foliage, rapid spreading habit. Likes a sunny well drained position. Good for containers & sandy coastal gardens. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Garden variety FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Gazania 'Sunglow' Family: ASTERACEAE

Bright yellow flowers with orange centre, glossy, dark green, narrow foliage. Rapid spreading habit. Likes a sunny well drained position. Good for containers & sandy coastal gardens. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Garden variety FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ground covers and perennials

Family: GERANIACEAE Geranium incanum COMMON NAMES: Carpet Geranium, Vrouetee Lacy foliage, spreading with lovely rosy purple to lilac and white flowers most of the year. Ideal for small gardens as they can be cut back hard to keep neat and will also seed themselves if allowed to. Feeding with organic fertiliser or 3:1:5 in late winter before flowering will reward you with masses of flowers and lush foliage. Malmesbury, Peninsula to P. E. and E. Cape, KZN. FLOWERING TIMES Coastal. J F M A M J J A S O N D Gerbera jamesonii Family: ASTERACEAE

There's nothing quite like good, old fashioned Barbeton daisies. Unlike the pot hybrids, these are vigorous outdoor plants. Although the crowns die down in winter, they'll be up and blooming every year. Grow them in full sun under relatively dry conditions for best results. Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Swaziland FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Helichrysum argyrophyllum Family: ASTERACEAE

Very prostrate grower, with silver foliage and profusion of cheerful, bright yellow, everlasting flowers in autumn. Plant in sunny position. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. E. Cape.(Katberg Hogsback) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Helichrysum capense Family: ASTERACEAE

Shrublet to about 50cm with silvery leaves and white, wooly, growing tips. Pale yellow flowers are carried in clusters during summer. Keep trimmed to promote a compact habit. Benefits from additions of compost, needs a sunny or semi shade position. Sheltered sandstone slopes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Helichrysum crispum Family: ASTERACEAE

Aromatic, grey, woolly foliage with crisped edge and cream flowers used for dried arrangements. Robust plant to 1m, good coastal plant. Plant in sunny or semi-shade, well drained position, likes the occasional addition of compost or fertilizer and regular light pruning to keep neat. Peninsula to Caledon FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Helichrysum cymosum Family: ASTERACEAE

Small grey leaf with yellow flowers in summer. Good coastal plant. Plant in sunny or semi-shade, well drained position, likes the occasional addition of compost or fertilizer and regular light pruning to keep neat especially after flowering. Peninsula to P. E. , E. Cape to Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ground covers and perennials

Family: ASTERACEAE Helichrysum petiolare COMMON NAMES: Kooigoed Grey, woolly, relatively broad foliage with robust habit and cream coloured everlasting flowers. Robust plant to 1m, good for coastal conditions. Plant in sunny or semi-shade, well drained position, likes the occasional addition of compost or fertilizer and regular pruning to keep neat, especially after flowering. Mossel Bay to Humansdorp FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Helichrysum teretifolium Family: ASTERACEAE

Compact, neat grower. Dark green conifer-like leaves with cream flowers makes an excellent coastal ground cover. Ideal for banks or loffelstein walls. Plant in sunny or semi-shade, well drained position. Likes the occasional addition of compost or fertilizer and pruning to keep neat. Peninsula to P. E. E. Cape to KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: STERCULIACEAE Hermannia flammea COMMON NAMES: Doll's Rose, Poprosie This unusual perennial has pretty red flowers at most times of the year. The flowers are best decribed by the plant's common name: 'doll's rose'. It has attractive,glossy foliage which makes it appear lusher than many of the other Hermannias. Will look stunning in mass plantings, but also good for hanging bowls, raised beds or in the mixed border. Prefers sunny, well drained position, prune to shape and looks best if fed with organic 3:1:5 slow release and watered regularly. Wellington - E.Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: STERCULIACEAE Hermannia flammula COMMON NAMES: Doll's Rose, Poprosie A red doll-rose similar to H. flammea except that the leaves are finer-textured and the flowering period is slightly shorter. A pretty plant for mixed borders, it is particularly effective in raised beds. An unusual and attractive addition to the ornamental garden. Plant in full sun. Normal trimming and feeding will reap rewards. Caledon to Langkloof FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Hermannia pinnata Family: STERCULIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Honey Bells With its fine bright green foliage and dainty, salmon orange, cup-shaped, honey-scented flowers, this fast growing ground cover is a delight in every garden - full sun or semi-shade, prostrate. Likes a well drained position. Feed and water regularly for best results and prune after flowering. Cape Peninsula. Sandy flats. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ground covers and perennials

Family: STERCULIACEAE Hermannia saccifera COMMON NAMES: Konynbossie An exceptionally pretty little ground cover with bright green leaves and brilliant yellow cup-shaped flowers in profusion during spring and summer - low growing, full sun or semi-shade. Likes a well drained position, feed and water during dry spells for best results. Trim after flowering. Bredasdorp to Uitenhage. Lower coastal slopes. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Hypoestes forskaolii Family: ACANTHACEAE

Low, spreading but compact perennial with a profusion of spikes of white flowers the throats of which are intricately marked with blue. Flowering in autumn and winter. Attracts bees and butterflies. Prefers a shady position. Ideal ground cover for dry shade, but tolerates sun. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Eastern Cape and KZN coastal belt FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CONVOLVULACEAE Ipomoea pes-caprae COMMON NAMES: Goat's Foot, Strandpatat One of the few plants that can be grown right on the beach. It has lush looking, glossy, rounded leaves and a trailing habit. Pretty, pink to purple flowers make it a good choice as a ground cover in sandy, coastal soils. Mossel Bay to Tropical Africa: Beaches FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Justicia capensis (=Siphonoglossa lepantha) Family: ACANTHACEAE

Beautiful, spreading perennial/groundcover with masses of little pure white flowers which contrast well with its dark green foliage. Very easy to grow in most garden situations, it really comes into its own if given a semi shade position, regular water and is fed with slow release organic or 3:1:5 fertilizer. Trim back now and again to encourage compact growth. Lovely in hanging baskets on its own, or in mixed bowl patio plantings. Southern Cape, Humansdorp to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Justicia capensis *Pink Family: ACANTHACEAE

An attractive selection from this variable genus, the flowers are a pinkish-mauve with intricate markings in their throats. The blooms resemble those of the ribbon bush, but individual florets are larger and more loosely packed. Being a trouble-free and rewarding plant, it can be grown in sun or shade and thrives in coastal gardens. Prune after flowering and feed from time to time with organic fertilizer. Humansdorp to Port Elizabeth FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ground covers and perennials

Family: ACANTHACEAE Justicia petiolaris COMMON NAMES: Kissing Leaves Very showy perennial, generously endowed with extraodinary pouted lip-shaped, sky-blue petals on neat 30cm plants. Prefers a semi shade, loam rich position and needs initial pinching to shape after which deadhead regularly to promote even more flowers! Regular watering and feeding with slow release organic or 3:1:5 ensures optimum results, although it is quite drought tolerant. KZN to Northern Province FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Linum africanum Family: LINACEAE

Excellent coastal plant which tolerates drought, wind, sandy soils and salt spray. It forms small, compact bushes up to 30cm with masses of cheerful shiny yellow flowers all summer. Plant in groups for best effect. Cut back after flowering to keep neat and feed and water regularly for optimum results. Peninsula to Knysna. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Lobelia anceps (=Lobelia alata) Family: LOBELIACEAE

This attractive mat-forming Lobelia has lush, green leaves, bright blue flowers and thrives near water and in wet areas. Although it can survive quite well in dry areas, the leaves will be smaller and form a more dense mat. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Peninsula to P. E., E. Cape to KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: LAMIACEAE Mentha aquatica COMMON NAMES: Water Mint Pretty groundcover for moist areas in the garden and between paving. The leaves give off a refreshing mint scent when crushed underfoot. Metha makes a good addition to the herb garden: delicious, healthy teas can be brewed from the leaves and the pretty pink flowers make lovely garnishes and additions to fruit salads. Marshes and moist places in the South western FLOWERING TIMES Cape and southern and eastern South and tropical J F M A M J J A S O N D Africa Monopsis lutea Family: LOBELIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Yellow Monopsis Fast growing mat-forming ground cover with bright golden beak-shaped flowers. Excellent hanging basket subject or as a groundcover between paving. Plant in moist, sunny position in compost rich medium and feed and water regularly for best results. Clanwilliam to Peninsula, Caledon to Riversdale. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ground covers and perennials

Monopsis 'Royal Flush' [PBR ZA 20012504] Family: LOBELIACEAE This selection is a great improvement on M. unidentata, a charming ground cover with lush, dense, green foliage and masses of dark purple viola like flowers on cascading stems all summer and into autumn. Excellent hanging basket subject. Plant in moist, sunny or semi shade position in compost rich medium and feed with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer and water regularly for best results. New Plant Nursery hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Nemesia fruticans 'Paul's Pink' Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

A New Plant hybrid with a compact growth habit and masses of frilly pink fragrant flowers. A good, hardy Nemesia that flowers again and again after trimming. Sweetly scented. Plant in full sun or light shade. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Osteospermum 'Flower PowerTM' Series [PBR] Family: ASTERACEAE

A compact and colourful series of heat tolerant, free flowering Osteospermums in a rainbow of strong shades of Purple, Mauve, Pink, Cream and Yellow. Look out for the exciting 'spider' forms with their windmill-like flowers. Ideal for containers or sunny borders. Hybrids FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Osteospermum fruticosum (=Dimorphotheca fruticosa) COMMON NAMES: Rankmargriet Excellent coastal plant with prostrate, trailing habit and white daisy flowers. Tolerates shade or sun, especially good for sandy banks or terraforce walls. Requires little attention but thrives on occasional feeding and watering, prune to keep neat. Malmesbury, Caledon to P. E. and E. Cape to KZN. FLOWERING TIMES Coastal. J F M A M J J A S O N D Osteospermum jucundum (=Dimorphotheca jucundum) Family: ASTERACEAE

Fast spreading ground cover, with lovely large magenta flowers. Good coastal plant. Tolerates light shade or sun especially good for sandy banks or terraforce walls. Requires little attention but thrives on occasional feeding and watering and will reward you with an extra flush if deadheaded. N. E. Cape, Natal, Swaziland, FS, MP and GP. FLOWERING TIMES Grassland. J F M A M J J A S O N D Osteospermum 'Variegated' Family: ASTERACEAE

A creeping Osteospermum with white flowers, the main attraction is the brighly variegated foliage. It grows quite vigorously, and the variegation is predominantly gold and green. Sport FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: FABACEAE Otholobium virgatum (= O. decumbens) COMMON NAMES: Agtdaegeneesbos Exceptionally low-growing, mat-forming ground cover with small leaves and tiny pink pea-shaped flowers. Easy to grow and requires low maintenance but feed with organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Prefers a sunny spot but does well in semi shade. Tulbagh, Piketberg, Peninsula to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: GERANIACEAE Pelargonium betulinum COMMON NAMES: Birch-leaved Pelargonium, Maagpynbossie Excellent low-growing coastal Pelargonium covered in brilliant bright pink flowers. Happy in semi-shade or full sun. Drought tolerant but for best results water and feed with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer in spring and summer and trim to shape. Good container plant, especially for windy south facing balconies. Malmesbury, Peninsula to Knysna. Coastal area FLOWERING TIMES dunes and thicket edge. J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: GERANIACEAE Pelargonium capitatum COMMON NAMES: Rose-scented Pelargonium Excellent spreading coastal plant with scented leaves and pink flowers. A very water wise and lowmaintenance plant that will do well with a minimum of care. Occasional, relatively hard pruning will keep the growth neat. A pleasant herbal tea with relaxing and astringent properties can be made with the leaves. Essential stabiliser for dune revegetation projects. Saldanha, Peninsula to P.E., E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium fragrans 'Nutmeg' Family: GERANIACEAE

Lovely Pelargonium forming soft mounds of rounded, grey green leaves and delicate scented white flowers all year. The foliage has a lovely aroma. Beautiful in clay pots for sunny verandas. Good as an edging plant in beds or in rockeries. Prune to shape and feed in late winter with slow release 3:1:5 organic or chemical fertilizer to encourage growth and flowers. Cultivated variety FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium ionidiflorum Family: GERANIACEAE

Low growing shrublet with attractive, lacy leaves and masses of pretty bright pink flowers all year. Pretty species to grow on rockeries or as a border for flower beds. Water regularly, thrives if fed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertilizer in late winter and summer , this little gem likes a well drained, sunny position. Prune in winter to shape and deadhead regularly for more flowers. E. Cape (Cradock, Grahamstown) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: GERANIACEAE Pelargonium peltatum COMMON NAMES: Kolsuring Drought tolerant, trailing Pelargonium with glossy, fleshy, ivy shaped leaves and pink flowers. Good for climbing up fences, in loffelstein/terraforce walls or hanging baskets. Likes a fairly dry, sunny or semi shade position. Prune to shape and feed occasionally to encourage growth and flowers. Paarl to P. E. Coastal bush. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium peltatum 'Colourcade' [PBR] Family: GERANIACEAE

This hybrid range of Ivy Geraniums is a winner! Disease resistant, self-branching and vigorous, they're a pleasure to grow and will reward you with large, colourful blooms almost all year round. Ideal for hanging baskets, patio pots, or as a cascading groundcover. Grow in sun or light, filtered shade. Hybrids FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: GERANIACEAE Pelargonium reniforme COMMON NAMES: Rooirabras Very easy to grow tuberous Pelargonium with pretty, velvet textured round grey leaves, forming soft mounds with delightful bright magenta flowers all year. Easy and rewarding to cultivate this handsome plant needs a sunny or dry semi shade spot and responds well to feeding in autunm and spring with slow release chemical or organic 3:1:5. Knysna to P. E. , E. Cape. Dry flats and grassland FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium reniforme 'Compact Cerise Pink' Family: GERANIACEAE

Elegant rounded silver foliage and vibrant cerise pink flowers make this neat clump forming plant a must for every garden especially in that well drained sunny to dry spot. Easy and rewarding to cultivate this handsome plant responds well to feeding in autumn and spring with slow release chemical or organic 3:1:5. and well spaced but deep waterings . Giving long lasting pleasure they are an ideal choice for containers on sunny stoeps and verandas. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium sidoides 'Cherry Pudding' Family: GERANIACEAE

A bright pink selection from this medicinal plant species. Its flowers contrast well with the silvery foliage. Great for country-garden or meadow-like plantings and very undemanding. Excellent drought tolerance and a mound-forming growth habit. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium sidoides 'Plum Pudding' Family: GERANIACEAE

Attractive selection of P. sidoides with masses of rich, plum coloured flowers. An adaptable species which thrives in full sun and most soil types. Although drought resistant, it responds well to occasional watering during dry periods also produces more lush growth and flowers if fed in autumn with rich compost or slow release chemical or organic 3:1:5. Clumps can be split to increase. New Plant Nursery selection species occurs in the FLOWERING TIMES Eastern Cape dune and scrub thicket. J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 15

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Family: GERANIACEAE Pelargonium tomentosum COMMON NAMES: Mint-scented Pelargonium Sprawling plant with large, strongly mint scented, velvet-textured leaves and small white flowers. Very fast growing, attractive ground cover. Responds well to occasional watering during very dry periods also produces more lush growth if fed in autumn and spring with rich compost or slow release chemical or organic 3:1:5 Caledon to Riversdale. Forest margins and stream FLOWERING TIMES banks. J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium x hortorum 'Bull's Eye Cherry' Family: GERANIACEAE

An unusual zonal Pelargonium with huge, chocolate-brown markings on the leaves. The flowers are a strong shade of cherry, which contrasts beautifully with the foliage. Self-branching when young, they can easily be rejuvenated by pruning. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE Phygelius 'Candy Drops' [PBR] COMMON NAMES: Cape Fuchsia These NEW hybrid Cape Fuchsias are very compact and free-flowering and are available in Pink, Red and Purple. Grow them in shade and keep trimmed to shape. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Plecostachys serpyllifolia COMMON NAMES: Clipped Lime, Vaal Tee Pretty, lime green foliage with silver undersides. Flowers,small, pale pink rosettes. excellent for low clipped borders. Shade or sun loving excellent, fast growing plant for pruning into low hedges or topiary subjects, very beautiful as a general mixed border plant or massed in large beds or hanging baskets. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Peninsula to P. E. and E. Cape to KZN. Coastal flats. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plecostachys serpyllifolia *Grey (=Helichr. 'Silver Lace') Family: ASTERACEAE

Beautiful low growing Helichrysum-like plant with tiny silvery grey leaves. Creates a soft 'lacy' effect. Good coastal plant. Plant in sunny or semi-shaded, well drained position. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Frequent light pruning to keep neat and compact is important. Western & Eastern Cape, KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: LAMIACEAE Plectranthus ambiguus COMMON NAMES: blue spur flower A beautifull but little know Plectranthus groundcover for shady areas. Flowers large deep sea blue colour cover the plant in profusion during the late summer and autumn months. Although it can tolerate drought this plant really thrives if it is fed and watered regularly. Good for hanging baskets and shady embankments or under trees. Coastal subtropical, Afromontane forest, forest FLOWERING TIMES fringes J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus 'Cape Angel Dark Pink' [PBR] Family: LAMIACEAE

Try this exciting Plectranthus hybrid! Spikes of huge, deep magenta florettes completely cover this truly improved plant. As an added bonus, it seems to have an extended flowering time when compared to its bretheren. The foliage is dark green with purplish undersides, giving a lush look throughout the year. Plant in shade as a showy bedding plant, or grow as an appealing potplant on a shady patio. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus 'Cape Angel Edelblau' [PBR] Family: LAMIACEAE

Spikes of huge, heavenly-blue florettes completely cover this truly improved hybrid. As an added bonus, it seems to have an extended flowering time when compared to its bretheren. The foliage is dark green with purplish undersides, giving a lush look throughout the year. Plant in shade as a showy bedding plant, or grow as an appealing potplant on a shady patio. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus ciliatus Family: LAMIACEAE

Fast growing, shade loving groundcover with attractive foliage, purple underside and carpets of mauve flowers in autumn. Makes an excellent low maintenance ground cover for large areas under trees. Feed occasionally and water regularly for best results prune after flowering to neaten. Knysna to Mpumalanga forest margins. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus 'Mona Lavender' [PBR] Family: LAMIACEAE

A deservedly popular hybrid Plectranthus with pouting, blue speckled flowers in late summer and Autumn. The foliage is glossy and the plant has a shapely, upright habit. Its popularity the world over is a tribute to the skill that went into breeding it. Plant in shade and cut back after flowering. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus saccatus Family: LAMIACEAE

Light green leaves with trailing habit and spikes of tubular white or mauve blooms in autumn. Thrives in a well drained shady position. Prune to keep neat, water carefully (let top 2cm of soil dry between waterings) and feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertilizer to encourage lush growth and flowers. E. Cape and KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Scabiosa columbaria 'Butterfly Blue' Family: DIPSACACEAE Attractive clump forming perennial covered with masses of deep lilac, pom pom flowers most of the year. Thrives in a sunny, well-drained position, plant as edging or in groups for glorious mass display. Responds well to regular watering and feeding with slow release 3:1:5 organic or chemical fertilizer. Remove dead flowers regularly. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Scabiosa columbaria 'Pink Mist' Family: DIPSACACEAE

Attractive clump forming perennial covered with masses of pink pom pom flowers most of the year. Thrives in a sunny, well-drained position, plant as edging or in groups for glorious mass display. Responds well to regular watering and feeding with slow release 3:1:5 organic or chemical fertilizer. Remove dead flowers regularly. Pink form of S. columbaria FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Scabiosa incisa *Pink Family: DIPSACACEAE

Attractive clump forming perennial covered with masses of pink pom pom flowers most of the year. Thrives in a sunny, well-drained position, plant as edging or in groups for glorious mass display. Responds well to regular watering and feeding with slow release 3:1:5 organic or chemical fertilizer. Remove dead flowers for maximum effect. Piketberg to Peninsula. Sandy, coastal bush. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Schistostephium umbellatum Family: ASTERACEAE

Compact shrublet with attractive grey foliage, very hardy in coastal conditions. Good rockery plant, it prefers full sun and a well drained position. Prune young plants to shape after which little maintenance is necessary. Benefits from occasional feeding or application of compost. Bears cream coloured "everlasting" flowers in summer. Montagu to Humansdorp. Swartberg Mtns. Coast to FLOWERING TIMES 1000m. WC, EC J F M A M J J A S O N D Selago cf. densiflora 'White Cascade' Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

This NEW introduction is a cascading form of the popular white Selago. It is absolutely covered with lacy white flowers for most of the year, and the cascading habit makes it ideal for hanging baskets, rockeries or raised beds. It grows well in sun and prefers a moist position. Trim and feed from time to time for best results. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE Selago corymbosa COMMON NAMES: Bitterblombos Small herbaceous shrub with feathery foliage and pretty gypsophila like, white flowers. Thrives on regular watering and feeding with organic or chemical 3:1:5 fertiliser, cut back after each flower flush to keep neat. Ideal as a filler in groups for mixed borders and in pots or mixed bowls. Widespread in the Cape, E. Cape to KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE Selago glomerata COMMON NAMES: Blouaarbossie Butterflies adorn this constantly flowering perenial to making a stunning show, they have fine textured leaves and abundant mauve flowers in terminal clusters. Growing to a height of 30-50cm they are ideal in mixed borders as fillers or massed in groups. Prefers a full sun position, prune as needed to keep neat and feed with an organic or chemical 3:1:5 slow release and water regularly for best results. Outeniqua to Great Winterhoek Mountains FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Selago gregei Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

Neat, compact Selago to 30cm with fat shiny green leaves and masses of showy white compound flowers from early spring to late summer. A splendid addition to any garden - neat as low borders or in groups in the mixed or white flower bed. Grooming such as deadheading, feeding and watering in dry periods will reward you with a well behaved showy garden plant all year. East and North facing gravel and shale slopes near FLOWERING TIMES the sea J F M A M J J A S O N D Selago 'Magic Mauve' Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

A true NUGGET of a NEW plant! Huge bunches of rich mauve florettes adorn the fine-textured foliage of the herbaceous shrublet. It flowers and flowers, but loves a trim now and then to keep the plant shapely. Trim at any season for more flowers and dense growth. It grows fast and strongly if given moist soil with a feed of organic slow release fertilizer from time to time to encourage lush growth. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Selago 'Superlilac' Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

This strongly growing form of Selago is very similar to S. thunbergii. The flowers are fluffy, lacy and lilac in colour, they open in spring. The needle-like leaves are conifer-like and dark green. This is a perfect indigenous plant for those wishing to create a 'country garden' effect with fine-textured, soft-coloured plants. Plant in full sun and trim to shape. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Selago thunbergii (=S. canescens) Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE Small shrub or herbaceous perennial with fine feathery leaves and pretty, produces masses of dark mauve flower clusters on stem tips. Plant in groups or trim to form neat borders, striking as a container plant. Likes a well drained sunny position. Remove dead flowers, trim to shape and feed and water regularly for best results. Lovely in clay pots or other containers. Caledon to Uniondale. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: SOLANACEAE Solanum africanum (=S. quadrangulare) COMMON NAMES: Dronktou Beautiful coastal climber or groundcover producing cascades of pretty blue flowers with yellow centres virtually all year. An attractive neat climber or groundcover with shiny, small, ivy shaped leaves. Plant in sunny or semi shaded well drained position, excellent component for South facing coastal revegetation projects. Regular water and feeding produces lush growth. . Cape Provnice to KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: LAMIACEAE Stachys aethiopica COMMON NAMES: Katbossie Creeping ground cover with white petals tinged with pink on the reverse. Good for sandy soils and for covering south facing coastal banks can be planted in full sun if watered regularly. Thrives on regular trimming and feeding. Cederberg to P. E. Fynbos and forest. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Stachys aethiopica *Dark Pink Family: LABIATAE

Showy deep pink flowers in profusion, combined with a compact growth habit and shiny dark green leaves make this selection a natural winner. An exceptionally versitile plant, use as a showy groundcover, a border plant, in planter boxes or hanging baskets. Needs regular feeding, watering and trimming for optimal results. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Stachys aethiopica *Light Pink Family: LAMIACEAE

A fast growing pot plant or ground cover with heart shaped leaves and pretty light pink flowers almost year round. Good in sandy soils on South facing slopes, but also does well in sun if it gets sufficient water. For best results trim and feed regularly. Ecotype selection of the more common S. FLOWERING TIMES aethiopca *White, which is widely distributed in J F M A M J J A S O N D dune bush, grassland and forest margins.

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Sutera *Shell Pink Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE This NEW clump-forming Sutera is going to be a winner with its profusion of shell-pink flowers and compact habit. It thrives in full sun to light shade and flowers intermittently for most of the year. Like most plants, it responds well to a light trimming between flowerings, as well as occasional feeding with 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Sutera 'Bermuda Sky' [PBR] Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

A bushy, mound forming Sutera with an upright habit. It produces masses of lilac flowers and looks particularly effective in a cottage garden setting, as a hanging bowl or as a cascading pot plant. Cut back after flowering and feed with organic fertiliser or 3:!:5 for almost continuous flowering. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Sutera cordata 'Blizzard' Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

The best Sutera of all. This little ground cover has astounded the world with its prolific flowering and especial vigour - it is in the Guiness Book of Records for being the longest growing hanging basket plant ever! Excellent in mixed bowls, in partial shade beds or down south facing embankments too. Feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer and water regularly for best results. Thrives in a well drained partial shade position great in sandy coastal gardens. Selection of S. cordata FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Sutera 'Forever White' [PBR ZA 20104437] Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

Yet another NEW release from our breeding program, and one we're particularly proud of. The flowers are huge for a Sutera, and at their best, the plants become so covered in blooms that you can hardly see the leaves. They just go on and on flowering: a truly 'improved' plant! Use them in sun or shade, in containers or in the ground. Trim from time to time to keep the plants full and vigorous, and remember that a bit of nutrition helps all plants to perform at their best. New Plant Nursery hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Syncarpha argenteus Family: ASTERACEAE COMMON NAMES: Pink Sewejaartjie In response to popular demand, the addition of the much loved 'sewejaartjies' or everlastings add a truly SA element to our truly SA range! The silver foliage of the erect shrubet is topped with papery flowers that are deep pink in bud, and fade to white when open. They flower all summer, but need a trim from time to time to encourage full growth. Save the flowers for attaching to gifts and greeting cards or to add a pretty look to pot pourri. Plant in sun and feed with organic fertilizer for best results. It occurs naturally on the lower slopes of the Outeniqua mountains. Outeniqua Pass FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ursinia nudicaulis Family: ASTERACEAE Low growing, 400mm, spreading shrublet. Has finely divided turgid leaves and produces masses of butter yellow daisy like flowers all summer. Cheerfull addition to any garden as groundcover and mass planting in borders. Deadhead to encourage more flowers, trim to keep neat and feed often with organic fertilizer, slow release 3:1:5 or compost and plant in open sunny position. Dry hill slopes Uniondale to PE FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: AGAPANTHACEAE Agapanthus africanus 'Nana' *Blue COMMON NAMES: Bloulelie Dwarf form with lovely sky blue flowers. Excellent ground cover. Thrives in semi shade, or full sun if watered regularly and will reward you with lush growth and profuse flowering if fed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in summer. Good cut flowers. Widespread garden variety FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agapanthus africanus 'Nana' *White Family: AGAPANTHACEAE

Dwarf form with delicate pure white flowers. Excellent ground cover. Thrives in semi shade, or full sun if watered regularly and will reward you with lush growth and profuse flowering if fed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in summer. Good cut flowers. Widespread garden variety FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agapanthus africanus 'Variegated' Family: AGAPANTHACEAE

One of the most vigorous of the variegated Agapanthus. Strappy foliage with silver variegated stripes give year-round interest and colour. A new and exciting hybrid. Mid-blue flowers are freely produced on 60cm stems. Variegated hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agapanthus inapertus *Deepest Blue Family: AGAPANTHACEAE

This selection of A. inapertus is very similar to 'Grasskop', but less compact, though with full heads of deepest blue flowers. Stunning specimen plants especially for collectors of the unusual, but remarkably easy to grow. Plant clumps in prominent position for a handsome display or in containers for the patio. Dormant in winter, they should be kept dry over this period. Feed and water well during the summer growing season. Full sun, well drained position for best flowering. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agapanthus inapertus ssp. pendulus 'Graskop' Family: AGAPANTHACEAE

A stunning Agapanthus with midnight blue, pendulous flowers. A collector's item, but easy to grow in the landscape. Though deciduous, the plant can be left in the soil when dormant. Top dress with compost and organic fertiliser or 3:1:5 slow release and water well in the growing season Aug to Feb. Mpumalanga and Swaziland FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agapanthus 'Midnight Blue' Family: AGAPANTHACEAE

A deepest blue-purple selection with medium height flower stems and compact, dark-green leaves. A good pot subject and very free-flowering. Agapantus do well in sun or light shade. Garden variety FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: AGAPANTHACEAE Agapanthus praecox *Blue COMMON NAMES: Bloulelei Large strap-like leaves, very attractive deep blue flowers on long stalks. Thrives in semi shade, or full sun if watered regularly and will reward you with lush growth and profuse flowering if fed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in summer. Good cut flowers. Widespread garden variety FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agapanthus praecox *Mixed Family: AGAPANTHACEAE

Similar to the single colour varieties, but with about 20% white flowers. Thrives in semi shade, or full sun if watered regularly and will reward you with lush growth and profuse flowering if fed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in summer. Good cut flowers. Widespread garden variety FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agapanthus praecox *White Family: AGAPANTHACEAE

Large strap-like leaves, very attractive white flowers on long stalks. Good cut flowers. Thrives in semi shade or full sun if watered regularly, and will reward you with lush growth and profuse flowering if fed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in summer. Widespread garden variety FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agapanthus 'Snow Baby' Family: AGAPANTHACEAE

An unusual selection with silvery, medium to narrow leaves and very large, sturdy heads of white flowers. Multiple flower spikes arise from each crown in remarkable profusion. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agapanthus 'Snowball' Family: AGAPANTHACEAE

A dwarf Agapanthus with huge, dense, rounded, white flower-heads on short, sturdy stems. Very free flowering and enjoys an extended flowering season beginning in Spring. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Albuca nelsonii Family: HYACINTHACEAE

Large, fleshy leaves and bulbs, enormous spikes of white striped green flowers, excellent for planting under trees in 'dry shade'. Deciduous, 80-100cm. You will be rewarded with lush growth and flowering if you feed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in summer. Good cut flowers. E. Cape, KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE Amaryllis belladonna COMMON NAMES: Belladonna lily, Maartlelie Truly striking, the huge pink blooms appear on long, dark green and strap-like stems before the leaves appear in spring. Deciduous, 80-100cm. Top dress with compost and organic fertiliser or 3:1:5 slow release and water well in the growing season. Oct. to April. Olifants River Valley to Peninsula, Caledon to FLOWERING TIMES George. Protected species. J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE Ammocharis coranica COMMON NAMES: Seeroogblom Brush-like heads of heavily scented rosy crimson flowers in summer. Leaves large, strap shaped, flat on the ground. Excellent for dry spots and rockeries, a rare treasure. Oudtshoorn to KZN and Limpopo. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Aristea major (=A. capitata) COMMON NAMES: Blousuurkanol Handsome, structural plant even when not in flower. Grows to ±1m with striking, star shaped royal blue flowers and leathery strap-like leaves. Does best planted in full sun and given compost and watered regularly especially before flowering. Piketberg to Peninsula, Tulbagh to Caledon, FLOWERING TIMES Southern Cape Mountain slopes. J F M A M J J A S O N D Babiana angustifolia Family: IRIDACEAE

This pretty species has dark blue to violet flowers with dark red markings at the centre. It grows in winter and flowers from August to September. In nature it grows on damp clay flats and lower slopes of the Renosterveld. Mulch with good compost in June/July for best flowering. NW & SW Piketberg FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Babiana 'Lonely Hill Hybrids' Family: IRIDACEAE

Magnificent royal velvet or snow white blooms adorn these little gems. A delight in early spring, attracting butterflies and humans alike with their delicious scent and radiant blooms. Prefer full sun to slightly shaded position and thrive on additions of compost and organic fertilizer during winter growing season. Form large showy clumps if left undisturbed, water during dry spells in winter. hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Bobartia robusta Family: IRIDACEAE COMMON NAMES: Biesieblom The tall flower spikes of Bobartia, with their bright sunshine yellow blooms create a striking show in the Cape veld during the spring. The evergreen leaves are remarkably grass-like, so that many people believe that it is, in fact, a 'flowering grass'. The flower spike is 0,7 - 2m tall, so that the cheerful, iris like flowers tower above lower-growing vegetation. W.Cape (Riversdale to George) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 25

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Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE Boophone disticha COMMON NAMES: Oxbane, Kopseerblom Very attractive bulb with twisted fan shaped leaves and striking red flowers in dense umbels, stiff, slightly hairy ribbed leaves. Prefers a well drained, dry, full sun position. Goes semi-dormant in winter. Medicinal plant. Bredasdorp to EC, KZN and Limpopo. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Chasmanthe aethiopica COMMON NAMES: Suurkanol Attractive orange/red flowers from April to July, full sun or semi-shade, good cut flower, feed before flowering with compost and or 3:1:5 for best flowers and foliage. Needs protection in very cold climates. Very short dormant phase. Peninsula to P. E. Coastal hills and flats. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Chasmanthe floribunda var. duckittii Family: IRIDACEAE

An exceptional and scarce form, bearing primrose yellow flowers in spring and early summer. A lovely flower for the vase. Easy to cultivate and multiply. Feed before flowering with compost and or 3:1:5 for best flowers and foliage. Needs protection in very cold climates. Very short dormant phase. Plant in full sun or semi shade. Darling - Northern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Chasmanthe floribunda var. floribunda COMMON NAMES: Red flames, Suurkanol Handsome, showy plants for the mixed border, massed planting or the vase. Tall with sword shaped leaves and spikes of large flame coloured flowers. Produces most flowers if planted in the full sun in a well drained medium. Water wise in winter rainfall areas. Enjoys liberal doses of organic or other fertilizer in the growing season. Clanwilliam, Tanqua Karoo, South-Western Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Chlorophytum comosum Family: ANTHERICACEAE

The original non-variegated form of the well known "Hen and Chicken", it has narrow dark green leaves. Excellent potplant or for semi or full shade areas of the garden. Perfect for shady bank stabilization and ground cover of large areas under trees. Drought tolerant, but water and feed regularly for optimum results. Swellendam to Eastern Cape, KZN and Gauteng FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Chlorophytum comosum 'Gold Nugget' Family: ANTHERICACEAE

A far more attractive form of the well known "Hen and Chicken", it has slightly broader leaves with variegation on the outer edges of the leaves. Excellent for indoor and shade containers or for semi or full shade areas of the garden. Water and feed regularly for best results. Variegated form FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 26

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Chlorophytum comosum 'Variegated' Family: ANTHERICACEAE The ever-popular variegated hen and chickens is still one of the toughest ground covers for dry shade. The colourful foliage brightens shady corners all year round. It tolerates quite a lot of neglect, but performs best when given water during dry spells and fed occasionally with organic or other fertilizer. Variegated form FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Chlorophytum saundersiae (=Anthericum saundersiae) Family: ANTHERICACEAE

This graceful grass-like plant has masses of white starry flowers and works especially well in mass plantings or as a texture contrast in smaller, mixed plantings. The flower spikes are approximately 70cm tall. Plant in full sun or light shade and ensure that it gets water and fertiliser in summer for best results. E.Cape to KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Clivia miniata Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE

Broad, dark green strap like leaves and beautiful dense umbels of large orange flowers produced in deep shade have made this a desirable plant internationally for many years. A good pot subject, it needs a very shady position and thrives on regular feeding in a well drained loamy medium. E. Cape, KZN, Mpumalanga and Swaziland. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE Crinum bulbispermum COMMON NAMES: Orange River Lily Huge pendulous flowers white striped with dark pink or red on long stems appear from October till December. It thrives in wet conditions near rivers, streams and seasonal pans. Benefits from a good mulch and feeding during the growing season. Enormous, interesting seeds. Various plant parts used medicinally. Free State to Limpopo and Mphumalanga. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Crinum macowanii Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE

Handsome summer growing bulb with broad strap like leaves and very large cup shaped white flowers with rose coloured stripes which appear October to December. They don't like their roots disturbed so plant in a permanent position, feed regularly with organic or chemical 3:1:5 as they are heavy feeders. They will thrive in a wet part of the garden and require heavy watering during the summer growering season. Free State to Limpopo and KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Crinum moorei Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE COMMON NAMES: Boslelie Thrives in deep shade. Tall with dark strap-like leaves and heavily scented, striking huge white or pink flowers on long stems appearing from November to March. Removing dead and old leaves helps, plant in compost rich medium and feed and water regularly for best results E. Cape to KZN. Forest and coastal belt. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 27

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Family: IRIDACEAE Crocosmia 'African Gold' COMMON NAMES: Valentine's flower This beautiful hybrid has got smaller, but beautiful golden-yellow flowers in summer. Tolerates more sun than Crocosmia aurea, but does well in semi-shady positions as well. Water well during growing season. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Crocosmia aurea COMMON NAMES: Falling Stars Beautiful orange and yellow star-shaped flowers, easy to grow - excellent cut flower. Prefers a cool spot and light, rich medium Feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer and water regularly in summer for best results. E. Cape to KZN an Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE Cyrtanthus breviflorus COMMON NAMES: Yellow Fire Lily Similar to C. makenii but with broader strap shaped leaves and much shorter flower stems. Bright butter yellow flowers appear at odd times throughout the year, but especially in summer. Plant in moist compost rich soil in full sun or partial shade, water regularly in summer. Feed with organic slow release for best results. Eastern Cape to KZN, Free State to Zimbabwe FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Cyrtanthus mackenii *Peach Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE

This is the perfect choice for dry shade! The plants have large, peach-coloured flowers that will brighten shady areas on-and-off for most of the year. Each plant makes multiple flower-spikes and the flowering is realtively uniform and prolific. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Cyrtanthus mackenii var. cooperii *Yellow/Cream Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE

Tube shaped, yellow or cream flowers with narrow strap leaves. Excellent pot subject for semi-shade positions. Plant in a well drained medium, water regularly and feed with slow release chemical or organic 3:1:5 for best flowering and growth. E. Cape and KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Cyrtanthus sanguineus Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE COMMON NAMES: Ifafa Lily A most rewarding species to grow, bearing large bright red or pink flowers in spring to late summer. A well drained, compost enriched medium and semi shade position is preferred. E. Cape and KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: IRIDACEAE Dierama pulcherrimum COMMON NAMES: Fairy Bells Forms tall grassy clumps with long slender dropping spikes of bell-shaped pink flowers up to 1.8m tall extrodinarily graceful effect. Plant in open sunny position and feed before flowering. S. and E. Cape and KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Dietes bicolor COMMON NAMES: Yellow Wild Iris Showy yellow iris flowers with brown eye, leaves strap-shaped, ±80cm. Adapts to almost any garden position, flowers best in full sun, most effective planted in groups. Water regularly and feed with slow release 3:1:5 for best flowering and growth. E. Cape and KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Dietes grandiflora COMMON NAMES: Blue Wild Iris Drought tolerant attractive plant with blue centred showy white iris flower. Adapts to almost any garden position, flowers best in full sun, most effective planted in groups. Water regularly and feed with slow release 3:1:5 for best flowering and growth. E. Cape to KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Dietes iridioides COMMON NAMES: Blue Wild Iris Similar to D. grandiflora, but with slightly smaller flowers and lower, more bushy habit. Divides much faster and produces young plantlets on the ends of old flower stalks. Grows well in semi-shade. Water regularly and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer for best flowering and growth. Riviersonderend to KZN and Limpopo - Forest FLOWERING TIMES margins. J F M A M J J A S O N D Drimiopsis maculata Family: HYACINTHACEAE

Shiny green leaves decorated with darker spots and cream flower spikes in summer. These easy, almost evergreen bulbs make excellent garden and pot plants for deep shade. Needs a moist position and thrives if fed regularly with organic fertilizer such as Neutrog. G, M, S, KZN, EC Widespread, Eastern Cape to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Eucomis autumnalis Family: HYACINTHACEAE

This species has beautiful purple-white pineapple shaped flower stands with broad, straplike, green or dark purple leaves. It prefers semi-shade conditions and the flowers ae good cut flowers. Top dress with compost and organic fertiliser and water well in the growing season - Sept to March. PE., E. Cape to KZN, N. Cape to Limpopo. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Eucomis zambesiaca Family: HYACINTHACEAE An unusual, dwarf pineapple-lily that is ideally suited as an edging for beds in shade or as a potplant. The neat, sturdy little flower spike is seldom higher than 20-30cm high with neatly-packed white flowers. A rosette of lush wavy leaves give a tropical effect even when not in flower. Though dormant in winter, it is not necessary to lift the bulbs. LM FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Freesia alba COMMON NAMES: Wild Freesia, Wild Freesia This Freesia has a strong, sweet scent and many large pure-white flowers with purple reverse. Plant in groups for best effect, lovely in clay pots for window sills. Wait for the flowers and be amazed! Feed lightly with organic fertiliser or slow release 3:1:5 before flowering and water regularly in the growing season. Hermanus to Plettenberg Bay. Coastal. Protected FLOWERING TIMES species. J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Gladiolus carneus COMMON NAMES: Painted Lady Often found growing on cool south side of sand dunes this bulb has surprisingly beautiful flowers. Exquisite in shades of softest pink with painted throat. Top-dress and feed with organic fertiliser or slow release 3:1:5 before flowering and water regularly in the growing season. S. W. and S. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Gladiolus dalenii COMMON NAMES: Rhodesian Gladiolus Easily cultivated, rewarding garden plant with long spikes of bright red flowers in spring or autumn. Excellent cut flowers. Plant in bold groups. Top-dress and feed with organic fertiliser or slow release 3:1:5 before flowering and water regularly in the growing season. E. Cape toKZN, Free State to Limpopo. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Gladiolus tristis Family: IRIDACEAE COMMON NAMES: Vlei-aandblom, Aandblom Winter growing, flowers bell-shaped creamy yellow with dark green stipples. These exquisite flowers are strongly fragrant at night - excellent cut flowers and pot plants. Plant in a well-drained, sunny position, topdress and feed lightly with organic fertiliser or slow release 3:1:5 on leaf emergence March/April and water well in the growing season (winter to late spring). Excellent for containers. Clanwilliam to Humansdorp. Protected species. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE Haemanthus albiflos COMMON NAMES: Paintbrush, Poeierkwas Shade loving, white brush-like flowers with large attractive leaves. Unusual groundcover if planted in large groups, or container plant. Drought resistant but responds well to additions of compost in the growing season. Knysna to KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Hesperantha coccinea (=Schizostylis coccinea) Family: IRIDACEAE

Growing naturally along mountain streams proudly displaying its shiny red, star shaped flowers. An excellent subject for moist parts of the garden and compliments water loving Restios well. Feed during the growing season (spring - summer) with organic fertilizer for best flowering and growth. Widespread in Eastern Southern Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: HYPOXIDACEAE Hypoxis setosa COMMON NAMES: Aardpatat Bright yellow star-like flowers, small, flat, clump forming plants with large bulbs which have many medicinal uses including treatment of prostate cancer. They grow easily in almost any garden situation. Swellendam to P. E.and E.Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ixia hybrids Family: IRIDACEAE

Splendid display of bright coloured bell shaped flowers in spring and early summer. Brighten up any border or corner in your garden with these gorgeous geophytes! Prefer a sunny or slightly shaded spot ( try some in patio pots! ) and well drained medium, but well watered in the growing season (winter) feed before flowering and split up every 2 years, keep dry in summer. Hybrids FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Kniphofia linearifolia Family: ASPHODELACEAE COMMON NAMES: Red Hot Poker, Vuurpyl Handsome tall 1m - 1,5m species with long strap shaped leaves and striking long stemmed spikes of yellow flowers in summer. Buds tinged red. Evergreen, requiring full sun, good garden loam and ample water in summer. Good cut flower, very attractive to sunbirds. Can tolerate marshy conditions. W.Cape to KZN, N.Cape to Free State FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Kniphofia praecox Family: ASPHODELACEAE COMMON NAMES: Red Hot Poker, Vuurpyl A striking, winter-flowering garden variety with tall spikes of yellow/orange flowers. Evergreen, requiring full sun, good garden loam and ample water in summer. Good cut flower, very attractive to sunbirds. Does well in most soil types and positions, especially wet or bog areas. The plant is relatively pest-free. Southern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: ASPHODELACEAE Kniphofia uvaria COMMON NAMES: Vuurpyl Very attractive orange flower spikes ± 1m in summer, good cut flower. Very attractive to birds too! Plant in a moist position as it thrives near streams and bog areas. Top dress and feed with organic fertiliser before flowering for best results and water regularly. The plant is relatively pest-free. Peninsula and South Western districts FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: HYACINTHACEAE Lachenalia aloides var. aurea COMMON NAMES: Geelviooltjies Golden yellow flowers give warm and welcome colour in late winter and early summer. Enjoy inside as a long flowering pot plant or in the front border. A well drained semi-shade position is preferred. Top dress with rich compost or organic fertilizer and water well before flowering (May). Bainskloof Mnt. between Worcester and Wellington. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Lachenalia hybrid 'Namakwa' Family: HYACINTHACEAE

This hybrid has beautiful, bright yellow flowers with elegant red tips on the end of its petals. Its racemes make a beautiful display in pots as well as in flower beds and rockeries. The blooms are long-lasting and appear early in spring. The plants like a sunny or semi-shade exposure and are well adapted to the Cape climate. During summer, the bulbs are dormant, but will resprout the following winter. ARC Roodeplaat Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Lachenalia hybrid 'Romaud' Family: HYACINTHACEAE

Stunning and unusual, Lachenalias are ideal for pot cultivation on patios and in well lit indoor rooms. Broad, dark green, flecked leaves surround upright, greenish-yellow flower spikes. Lachenalias require an extreemly well drained medium and thrive if fed with organic or slow release 3:1:5 and watered regularly during the growing season. Needs a long, dry dormant period. ARC Roodeplaat Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Lachenalia hybrid 'Ronina' Family: HYACINTHACEAE

This hybrid has beautiful, bright yellow flowers and make beautiful sunny display in pots as well as in flower beds and rockeries. The blooms are long-lasting and appear early in spring. The plants like a sunny or semi-shade exposure and are well adapted to the Cape climate. During summer, the bulbs are dormant, but will resprout the following winter. ARC Roodeplaat Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Lachenalia hybrid 'Rosabeth' Family: HYACINTHACEAE

A lovely pot hybrid Lachenalia with sturdy, compact spikes of trumpet blooms whose coral red to deep rose petals are tipped with green and yellow. The blooms are long-lasting. The plants like a sunny or semi-shade exposure and are well adapted to the Cape climate. During summer, the bulbs are dormant, but will resprout the following winter. ARC Roodeplaat Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 32

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Lachenalia hybrid 'Rupert ' Family: HYACINTHACEAE Stunning and unusual potplants or massed as bedding plants. Leaves are broad, dark green and flecked, spikes of long lasting purplish blue flowers emerge from the center. They thrive in a well drained medium with regular watering and feeding during the winter growing season. The plants like a sunny or semishade exposure and are well adapted to the Cape climate. ARC Roodeplaat Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Lachenalia orthopetala Family: HYACINTHACEAE

A dainty little bulbous plant with almost grass-like foliage and dense spikes of pinkish- white fowers, intricately marked in their thoats. Lovely in rockeries or as pretty little potplants. Piketberg, Saldhana to Bellville FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ledebouria concolor Family: HYACINTHACEAE

A chubby, undemanding but decorative little plant with a rosette of broad based, green leaves arising from an interesting caudiciform bulb. Makes an excellent potplant for offices as well as shady stoeps, also good plant for shady but dry rockeries. Occasional feeding with organic fertiliser brings out the best shade of green in the leaves. Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ledebouria 'Gary Hammer' Family: HYACINTHACEAE

This is a wonderful little foliage plant for shady gardens where it is especially effective as an edging or mass planting. Attractive enough to make a pot plant for patios or even indoors in relatively good light. The strap shaped leaves are covered with pinkish-brown speckles and form a dense mat or clump. The dainty spikes of pink flowers are its crowning glory in late summer and autumn. Provide regular feeding for the lushest foliage. Dormancy is so short as to be hardly noticible and the plants are hardy, so there is no need to lift and store them. Selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ledebouria socialis Family: HYACINTHACEAE

A hardy little bulb that forms dense colonies usually no more than 15cm tall. The silvery leaves are speckled green. Easy-going and undemanding, best in partial shade but will toerate sun. Sweet little green and white flowers on short stems are out-done by the pretty and curious foliage. Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Mariscus thunbergii (=Cyperus thunbergii) Family: CYPERACEAE

An interesting sedge with large, dramatic flowering heads that tolerates relatively dry conditions and makes a bold statement. Although vigorous, it is not over-exuberent. It grows best in full sun but will tolerate some shade. Wetlands FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: HYACINTHACEAE Merwilla plumbea (=Scilla natalensis) COMMON NAMES: Blue squill, Blouberglelie Summer growing bulb with attractive broad green leaves, tall flower spikes in shades of blue. Water well in growing season and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser before flowering (April/May). E. Cape to KZN Free State and Lesotho. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Nerine bowdenii Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE

A rewarding, robust and easy-going Nerine that is easy to grow and rewards one with umbels of large and spidery pink blooms on graceful stems in autumn. Grow in sun or partial shade and leave undisturbed during winter dormancy. Eastern Cape, Free State and KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Nerine filifolia Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE

The fine grass like leaves rapidly form a thick clump from which arises the arching flower spikes each bearing a rounded cluster of cyclamen-pink blooms. They are almost evergreen, dying down for a short time in winter if not watered. This is a useful plant for edging and is also effective in rockeries. Easy to grow. Leave in the ground during dormancy. Plant in sun. E.Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE Nerine humilis (=N. flexuosa) COMMON NAMES: Berglelie A dainty Nerine with narrow, strappy foliage and compact flower stems with pink-reddish flowers. Ideal as a surprising edging plant or as a rockery subject. Semi shade to sun. Karoo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Nerine masonorum Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE

A uniformly dwarf Nerine, with neat, compact flower stems 15 to 25cm tall. Evergreen, with grass like foliage. Good as a pot plant, edging or rockery plant. The umbels of light rose-pink, undulated and spidery flowers are distinctive and very delicate. Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Nerine sarniensis Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE COMMON NAMES: Guernsy Lily, Berglelie Winter-growing with stunning bright red flowers. Very beautiful, likes a well drained sunny position. Water well in growing season and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser during and after flowering autumn once the leaves start to appear. Ideal for rockeries. Clanwilliam to Tulbagh, Peninsula to Caledon. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Nerine undulata Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE One of our loveliest Nerines. The wavy-petalled pink flowers are borne on umbels 30-45cm tall. An excellent and easily cultivated species of this distinctivly South African genus. Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ornithogalum dubium Family: HYACINTHACEAE

This sweet Chinkerinchee is so pretty, you'd never believe it wasn't a hybrid! The flower stalks are relatively short, making it a good potplant or edging for a Spring to Summer colour display of orange or yellow blooms. They are dormant during summer and must not get too much water during this time. Plant in light shade or where they will get morning sunshine for best results. Clanwilliam to Paarl, Caledon to P.E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: HYACINTHACEAE Ornithogalum longibracteatum COMMON NAMES: Pregnant fairy This undemanding yet overlooked bulbous plant has many uses. Naturally stabilizing shady banks it forms an attractive and interesting ground cover with its new bulblets forming on the exposed adult bulb. Leaves are broad, long and succulent, flowers showy, dense racemes, white with broad green central band vitually all year. Needs little to no attention, truly a "Bomb Proof" landscaping plant it can grow happily anywhere but thrives in a semi shade well drained position. SE (Mossel Bay to Tropical East Africa) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ornithogalum thyrsoides Family: HYACINTHACEAE

Cheerful white flowers in spring/summer. Makes this an ideal garden, container or cut flower subject. Plant in well drained sunny or semi shade position in rich loamy medium. Gifberg to Peninsula, Caledon. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Oxalis bowiei Family: OXALIDACEAE COMMON NAMES: Sorrel A colourful, 10 to 30cm tall plant that forms a neat mound of green shiny foliage with reddish undersides. It is crowned by a bouquet of cheerful pink flowers which -unlike our other Oxalis- stand high above the leaves. It is ideal for rockeries and as a pot plant subject. Eastern Cape and KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Oxalis glabra *Pink Family: OXALIDACEAE

Dazzling carpet of pink flowers in late winter makes this a very rewarding addition to any garden. Deciduous in summer. Happy in semi-shade or full sun. Water well in growing season and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser on leaf emergence (Feb/March). W.Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Oxalis glabra *White Family: OXALIDACEAE Dazzling white carpet of flowers in late winter makes this a very rewarding addition to any garden. Deciduous in summer. Happy in semi-shade or full sun. Water well in growing season and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser on leaf emergence (Feb/March). W.Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Oxalis hirta Family: OXALIDACEAE

Vigorous growing species with long trailing stems and lovely magenta flowers. Winter growing it is extremely easy to cultivate and adds valuable cover and colour to the winter garden. Plant in well drained sunny position, feed lightly with organic fertiliser on leaf emergence - Feb/March - and water during growing season for best results. W & SW Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Oxalis purpurea *Mauve Family: OXALIDACEAE

Flat growing ground cover, forming carpets of huge mauve flowers, - deciduous, flowering winter/spring. Plant in well drained sunny position, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser before flowering (April/May) and water during growing season for best results. Flats and slopes Karoo to Port Elizabeth. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Oxalis purpurea *Pink Family: OXALIDACEAE

A clump forming sorrel that flowers for months - cheerful colour during the winter months. Large pink blooms. Grows well in sun or light shade. Flats and slopes Karoo to Port Elizabeth FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Oxalis purpurea *White Family: OXALIDACEAE

A clump forming sorrel that flowers for months - cheerful colour during the winter months. Large white blooms. Grows well in sun or light shade. Flats and slopes Karoo to Port Elizabeth FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Scadoxus membranaceus Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE COMMON NAMES: Blood Lily, Seeroogblom One of the smaller Scadoxus species producing a large, cup shaped, olive green calyx holding up to 20 fat bright red berries for up to 3 months, making this an exceptionally attractive pot plant or garden feature. Grows best in deep shade with minimal watering - an ideal pot plant ! A top dressing of slow release organic fertiliser in early summer produces lush growth and flowers. KZN, EC FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Scadoxus multiflorus ssp. katharinae Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE Summer growing, briefly decidous, highly attractive foliage with spectacular bright red umbels, long lasting. Good pot plant indoors or outside - tolerates deep shade. Plant in a rich well drained loamy medium and feed with organic fertiliser or slow release 3:1:5 before flowering and water regularly in the growing season for best results. Eastern Cape to KZN and Mpumalanga. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE Scadoxus puniceus COMMON NAMES: Paint Brush, Rooikwas Spectacular scarlet/orange flower head ±15cm across, followed by fleshy red berries eaten by birds. Good pot plant indoors or outside - tolerates deep shade. Feed with organic fertiliser or 3:1:5 before flowering and water regularly in the summer growing season - can tolerate fairly dry conditions. George to KZN, Free State to Limpopo. Protected FLOWERING TIMES species. J F M A M J J A S O N D Sparaxis hybrids Family: IRIDACEAE

A rainbow of flowers in shades of orange, pink, purple and cream with intricately black and yellow marked centres. Brightly cheerful spring colour. Fertilize well with an organic fertilizer once shoots have started growing. Semi-shady exposure prefered. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Spiloxene aquatica Family: HYPOXIDACEAE

We're thrilled with this lovely little evergreen bulbous plant! The gorgeous flowers float like white stars above the tuft of dark green, chive-like leaves. It thrives with its feet in water, making it an ideal pond-side feature plant, especially for those little water features that can make a shady garden so alluring. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Tritonia deusta Family: IRIDACEAE COMMON NAMES: Kalkoentjie A little plant for the connoiseur. Delicate-looking stems 15-25cm tall carry large, showy tubular flowers so that they almost seem to drift above the neat little clump of sword-shaped leaves. The orange petals open to display a golden, star-shaped center. Though dormant in summer, it can be left in the ground unless the soil is likely to be wet. Thrives in sun. Feed well in Autumn and during the winter for a stunning spring show. Cape Peninsula to Riversdale FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Tritonia securigera Family: IRIDACEAE

Cape species with light orange flowers showing dark veining. Slightly more compact growth habit than Tritonia lineata, but otherwise similar apart from flower colour. Splits easily. Very undemanding garden subject, thrives with occasional feeding. S. W. Cape on clay flats and slopes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 37

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Family: IRIDACEAE Tritonia sp. *White COMMON NAMES: Venstertjies Exquisite, large, pure white flowers are a joy to behold and a perfect subject for a small pot to display on the stoep or indoors when in flower. A small compact plant needing a well drained medium and regular feeding and water during the winter months (growing season), keep dry in the summer. Sandstone and clay slopes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ALLIACEAE Tulbaghia fragrans (=T. simmleri) COMMON NAMES: Sweet Garlic Clump forming with grey strap shaped leaves, broader than T. violacea, sweetly scented long lasting mauve flowers make good cut flowers. Plant in sunny well drained position and water and feed with organic fertiliser or slow release 3:1:5 regularly for best results. Mpumalanga and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ALLIACEAE Tulbaghia violacea COMMON NAMES: Wild Garlic Trusted, low maintenance ground cover used extensively in large and small landscapes, in mass or in borders. Good for interplanting as insect repellent. Dainty mauve umbels most of the year, delicious in salads. Leaves emit strong garlic smell, medicinal. For lush growth and more flowers, feed, water and deadhead regularly. Southern and Eastern Cape and KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Tulbaghia violacea 'Silver Lace' Family: ALLIACEAE

Variegated form of T. violacea, makes an easy, attractive and unusual container plant. Good for interplanting as insect repellent. Dainty mauve umbels most of the year, delicious in salads. Leaves emit strong garlic smell, medicinal. For lush growth and more flowers, feed, water and deadhead regularly. Hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Veltheimia bracteata Family: HYACINTHACEAE

Very attractive glossy, dark green foliage, produce long spikes of beautiful dusky pink flowers, grows in filtered light, thrives in sandy soil and does well in pots. Feed and water during the growing season for best results especially if in containers. Deciduous. Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Veltheimia capensis Family: HYACINTHACEAE COMMON NAMES: sandlelie This is a truly winter rainfall species and favours open, dry and rocky areas in its natural habitat. The especially handsome foliage is very striking, for the leaves are bluish gray-green with undulated margins. The flowers appear in various shades of mottled pink. This species is drought tolerant. Cape into arid Namaqualand FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 38

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Family: HAEMODORACEAE Wachendorfia thyrsiflora COMMON NAMES: Red Root, Rooiknol Flowers golden yellow, grows in swampy conditions and thrives in semi shade - very attractive bright green foliage. Water well in growing season and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser before flowering. Cape Peninsula to P.E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Watsonia aletroides *Pink COMMON NAMES: Pypie, Kanolpypie A cheerful and undemanding plant which forms a clump of sword-shaped leaves to 45cm high. The flower spike carries nodding red tubular flowers in early spring. Excellent for rockeries and mixed borders, short and compact enough to make an attractive container plant. Feed and water well autumn to early summer during growing season, best kept dry during hot summer months. Caledon to Knysna FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Watsonia angusta Family: IRIDACEAE

This tender to half-hardy, evergreen Watsonia grows up to 1.20m high. Flowers in shades of red. Multiplies easily and is ideally suited to permanently wet parts of the garden. Southern and Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Watsonia borbonica *Dark Pink Family: IRIDACEAE

Exceptionally dark pink spikes, makes this W. borbonica selection an excellent cut flower and garden plant especially in large tubs on the patio. Plant in full sun, well drained position beautiful planted as ground cover in large swathes. Keep dry during dormant period, feed lightly with slow release chemical or organic fertilizer on leaf emergence (March/April) and water regularly during active growth phase. Dark Pink Selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Watsonia borbonica *Pink Family: IRIDACEAE

Deciduous, tall, showy plant with very decorative spikes, makes an excellent cut flower. Plant in full sun, well drained position beautiful planted as ground cover in large swathes. Keep dry during dormant period, feed lightly with slow release chemical or organic fertilizer on leaf emergence (March/April) and water regularly during active growth phase. W. Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Watsonia borbonica ssp. ardernei *White Family: IRIDACEAE

Tall growing Watsonia with exquisite pure white flowers, deciduous, plant in a full sun, well drained position. Water well in growing season and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser before flowering (May/June). Tulbagh FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Watsonia 'Bronze Beauty' Family: IRIDACEAE Exquisite and unusual Watsonia with tall spikes of bronze tinged purple flowers. An easy selection to cultivate, multiplies easily and makes an excellent companion ground cover with species flowering at different times or lower growing with foliage colour such as Helichrysum species. Water well in growing season and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser before flowering. Knysna, Plettenberg Bay area FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: IRIDACEAE Watsonia fourcadei COMMON NAMES: Suurkanol An evergreen Watsonia with salmon pink flowers. Needs a well-drained, sunny position. 90-180cm. Water well in growing season and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser before flowering. S. W. , S. and E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Watsonia laccata *Pink Family: IRIDACEAE

Delightful dwarf species forming compact clumps of stiff sword shaped, blue green leaves and generous quantities of soft pastel pink spikes of tubular flowers. Makes an excellent container plant for spring display or plant in frount of mixed borders for edging or mass display. Feed and water well during growing season (autumn - mid summer ) can be left in the soil if not too wet during summer. George Knysna area WC, EC FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Watsonia longifolia 'Tzitzikamma Shambles' Family: IRIDACEAE

Beautiful mixture of flower shades from palest salmon to mauve, for best display plant in groups. Plant in sunny position and water well in growing season - May to Jan. Dormant for short period. Mulch with good compost in June/July for best flowering. Long spikes make this an excellent cut flower. Tzitzikama (Southern Cape) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Watsonia meriana 'Vanilla Sky' Family: IRIDACEAE

The vanilla coloured form of this deciduous species grows exceedingly well in full sun and will reward you with up to 1.20m high flower spikes with long tubed flowers in spring. Feed and water well from autumn to early summer during growing season, best kept dry during hot summer months. Selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Watsonia sp. - Mixed Deciduous Family: IRIDACEAE

A blend of all our deciduous, spring flowering Watsonias offering you a variety of flower colours and plant heights, ideal for a colourful garden. Feed and water well from autumn to early summer during growing season, best kep dry during hot summer months. Species & selections FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: ARACEAE Zantedeschia aethiopica COMMON NAMES: Arum Lily, Varkore Creamy white spathes, and large showy leaves. Can grow in full sun if given enough water but thrives in moist shady areas and responds well to regular applications of compost, kraal manure or organic fertiliser. W.Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Green Goddess' Family: ARACEAE

Huge green and white spathes and enormous leaves make this a very showy plant. Can grow in full sun if given enough water but thrives in moist shady areas and responds well to regular applications of compost, kraal manure or organic fertiliser. W.Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Zantedeschia aethiopica 'Spotted Leaf' Family: ARACEAE

Creamy white spathes, and large showy leaves. Can grow in full sun if given enough water but thrives in moist shady areas and responds well to regular applications of compost, kraal manure or organic fertiliser. Differs from usual form of Z. aethiopica in that it has attractive maculation on the leaves. Cape, Natal, Lesotho and N. E. Tvl. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Zantedeschia Calla hybrids *Mixed Colours Family: ARACEAE

A selection of pretty, miniature Arums with creamy, yellow or deep red flowers. They grow well in light shade and would look particularly attractive near water features. In time, the plants form a thick clump. Keep dry during dormant period, feed lightly with slow release chemical or organic fertilizer on leaf emergence (Aug/Sept). Water regularly during active growth phase. Hybrids FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Grasses, Sedges & Restios

Family: RESTIONACEAE Calopsis paniculata COMMON NAMES: Besemriet Graceful grasses, with much branched stems arching to one side. Usually found along streams, they do well in a variety of garden conditions and make beautiful, low maintenance, feature plants. Useful as cut flowers dried or green, flower tems, at various stages of maturity presant for most of the year. Plant in a well drained position and water regularly until established, appreciates occasional feeding. Cederberg Mnt. to south of Durban FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Cannomois grandis Family: RESTIONACEAE

A tall, bamboo-like Restio with thick, sturdy stems up to 3m tall that branch to give a striking, feathery effect. It needs a sunny position and is ideal to use as a form plant in damp soil. In nature it is commonly found along streams or on wet mountain slopes. W.Cape (Bokkeveld mts to Humansdorp) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CYPERACEAE Cyperus albostriatus COMMON NAMES: Forest Star Sedge Looks like a perfect miniature form of C. textilis. A very useful, strong growing plant that thrives in deep shade and can be mowed to form a lush lawn. Excellent for wet areas, ponds and water features, used for basket making. Grows vigorously, so use with care in small gardens. Feeding with high nitrogen fertiliser brings out their dark green colour. EC onwards FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Cyperus albostriatus 'Variegated' Family: CYPERACEAE

A wonderfully variegated form of this mini sedge. The leaves, which radiate from the stem tips are adorned with pure white stripes creating a multitude of starburst patterns to please the eye. Plant in shady, damp places. Flowering stems persist for most of the year. Garden variety FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Cyperus prolifer Family: CYPERACEAE COMMON NAMES: Miniature Papyrus An exact miniature of the well known large Papyrus, with the same cultural requirements. It does not take over as badly as the larger one. Wet to marshy conditions, ideal for streams and ponds, responds well to applications of organic fertilizer. Flowering stems persist for most of the year.Very ornamental and good in containers. E.C., K.Z.N, East Coast of Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Cyperus textilis Family: CYPERACEAE COMMON NAMES: Mat Sedge, Matjiegoed Stout perennial with leaves parasol like on stem tips,1,5x1m grows on vlei, lagoon and river edges. An atttractive accent plant for swimming pool or pond. Tropical effect. Grows well in sun or shade. Clanwilliam, Peninsula to KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 42

Grasses, Sedges & Restios

Family: RESTIONACEAE Elegia capensis COMMON NAMES: Fonteinriet Excellent restio for water features, producing tall bamboo-like stems with soft, feathery needle-like leaves at regular intervals, giving a very graceful effect near water. Plant in sandy, well composted soil and remove old stems when necessary. Feed with organic fertiliser or 2:3:2 and water regularly for best results. Clanwilliam to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RESTIONACEAE Elegia cuspidata COMMON NAMES: Blombiesie Tall restio with thick slightly wavy dark green stems. Attractive bracts and black seed heads. Plant in moist position in groups or as accent. Responds well to applications of chemical or organic 2:3:2 fertilizer. Peninsula to Caledon seasonally wet, sandy soils FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RESTIONACEAE Elegia equisetacea COMMON NAMES: Horsetail Similar to E capensis including distribution and cultural requirements. Leaves smaller and emerge on one side of culm only and plants not as tall and more bushy. Widespread Cederberg to Port Elizabeth FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Elegia fistulosa Family: RESTIONACEAE

Medium growing upright tussock very decorative bracts throught the year, a showy accent plant. Prefers a sunny well drained, sandy medium and if fed with slow release, high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer and watered fairly regularly will be displayed at its best. Malmesbury to Van Stadens Mts FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Elegia juncea Family: RESTIONACEAE

An attractive medium sized restios. Shiny olive green culms with showy bracts, tan outside and straw coloured inside. Need a sunny, well drained but moist spot in good compost rich soil. Attractive planted in groups of 3 or more. Gorgeous in clay pots and mixed planters. Feed and water generously especially in the winter growing season. moist ground from sea level to 1500m FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Elegia persistens Family: RESTIONACEAE

Dwarf restios are in demand, and this species fits the bill. It forms a dense clump about ,75m in height adorned with attractive bronze coloured male and female flowering stems which persist in some stage of maturity for most of the year. They thrive in damp conditions and tolerate frost. Plant in sunny well drained position and water well to establish. Feed with compost or slow release organic fertilizer from time to time. Mountains Worster to Caledon FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 43

Grasses, Sedges & Restios

Family: RESTIONACEAE Elegia tectorum (=Chondropetalum tectorum) COMMON NAMES: Dakriet Beautiful tall restio with black seed heads - an unusual and striking accent plant, good for wet areas. Also used for thatching and excellent for low maintenance landscaping such as golf courses. Dress with kraal manure for a treat or use chemical or organic fertiliser and water to boost optimum growth. Widespread Coastal forelands Clanwilliam to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Elegia tectorum 'Fishoek' (=Chondropetalum tectorum) Family: RESTIONACEAE

Unusual and striking accent plant, very similar to C. tectorum except much shorter to 60cm and very compact. Superb in pots or planted in groups for mass effect. Excellent for low maintenance landscaping. Dress with kraal manure for a treat or use chemical or organic fertiliser and water to boost optimum growth especially during winter (active growth period). Small community in Fishoek area now virtually FLOWERING TIMES extinct. J F M A M J J A S O N D Ficinia dunensis Family: CYPERACEAE

An ornamental grass which forms a neat tuft of fine, dark green foliage to 20cm in height. It should lend itself well to modern design aesthetics. The spiklets are reddish-brown. In nature it is found on coastal dunes and mountain slopes. W. Cape and E.Cape (Cedarberg mts to PE) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ficinia nigrescens Family: CYPERACEAE

A tuft forming grass-like plant with brown spiklets growing up to 40cm tall. Leaves and flower spikes are erect at the base with pendulous tips creating a graceful fountain-like effect. Use as an ornamental grass in the landscape. Plant in full sun and feed with organic 2:3:2 for best results. Southern Namibia to Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ficinia nodosa (=Scirpus nodosus) Family: CYPERACEAE COMMON NAMES: Cat's whiskers, Steekbiesie A charming, water-loving ornamental grass. It forms a neat tuft 1 - 1.2m tall tipped with tiny, ball-shaped florets. Plant in full sun or light shade in damp soil for best results. A popular pot plant in Europe. Relatively frost tolerant. Malmsbury, Peninsula to PE. Coastal areas FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ficinia truncata Family: CYPERACEAE

A NEW and highly ornamental grass. The silvery leaves have a paler edge creating a striped, variegated effect - a plant in a pin-striped suit! The leaves are carried in a neat, low-growing tuft above which the russet brown spiklets are borne. A true plant of the limestone fynbos though it will grow in other soils. Plant in sun and provide extra water during dry spells in winter. W.Cape to E.Cape. (Bredasdorp to EC) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ischyrolepis sieberi Family: RESTIONACEAE Interesting, tangled, light green foliage. Likes a well drained, full sun or semi-shade position. Male and female flowering stems persist in some stage of maturity for most of the year.A low maintenance plant which benefits from the occasional application of rich compost and ideally organic fertilizer. Clanwilliam to P. E. can withstand dry conditions FLOWERING TIMES and very poor soil widely distributed J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RESTIONACEAE Ischyrolepis subverticillata COMMON NAMES: Tuinriet Beautiful tall restio up to 2m. Grows equally well in sun, semi shade, coastal or inland gardens. Mature plants form large clumps up to 3m diameter and can be used as strong accent plants or in groups for "tropical" look. Male and female flowering stems persist in some stage of maturity for most of the year. Dark green filiform foliage is very decorative. A low maintenance plant which benefits from the occasional application of rich compost or fertilizer and watering to boost optimum growth. Along streams, Worster to Rivieronderend FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Isolepis ludwigii Family: CYPERACEAE

A delightful, moss-like ornamental grass with dark-green tufts of foliage that is perfect for the edges of water-features, or as a flat-growing ground cover in shade. It is a strong grower, but not inclined to get out of hand. SW, LB,SE. (Cape Peninsula to Eastern Cape) FLOWERING TIMES Damp flats near water. J F M A M J J A S O N D Juncus effusus Family: JUNCACEAE

This attractive member of the rush family closely resembles reeds and sedges and is a must for wet areas like ponds, seeps and wetlands (where appropiate ). Matted rhizomes do an excellent job of stabilising wet banks and seepage areas. Forms a handsome clump up to 1m with dark green stems and small cream flowers in tufts. Feed to promote optimum growth. SW Cape to N Province LIM, NW,G, M, FS, KZN, L, FLOWERING TIMES WC, EC J F M A M J J A S O N D Juncus effusus 'Spiralis' Family: JUNCACEAE

A delightful form of Juncus grass with corkscrewing foliage that immediately attracts attention. A true curiosity plant ideal for pots indoors or out, or sunny spots in moist soil. A natural variant of Juncus effusus FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Restio festuciformis Family: RESTIONACEAE COMMON NAMES: Groengrasriet A fast-growing restio with golden foliage, reaching a maximum height of 40cm. New foliage is bright green. Golden flower spikes appear in autumn and winter. It will grow in marshy areas and well-drained soils but needs full sun. Ideal for mass planting, low maintenance gardens and for creating a "meadow". Dress with kraal manure for a treat or use chemical or organic fertiliser and water to boost optimum growth. Somerset West to Bredasdorp FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 45

Grasses, Sedges & Restios

Family: RESTIONACEAE Restio quadratus COMMON NAMES: Vlakteriet Tall growing feature plants up to 2m, characterised by interesting square culms they form "sumptuous spreading plants with luscious soft green feathery foliage" an excellent addition for "tropical " effects and containers. Enjoys rich organic soils and prefers a well drained but moist area in the garden. Feed with high nitrogen organic fertilizer and water regularly for best results. Cape Floristic Region, Cape Peninsula FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Restio similis Family: RESTIONACEAE

Best planted in groups, they grow to a height of 750mm and diameter of 1. 5m. The young plants are very striking with beautiful dark green stems which ripple in the wind and produce dark brown seed heads n summer, which shed masses of small greyish seeds. Caledon, Bredasdorp. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Rhodocoma capensis Family: RESTIONACEAE

Attractive, dark green, tufted foliage this water-loving Restio grows to a height of 1. 2 to 2m. Making it a wonderful accent plant, also very effective planted in groups creating a savanna type effect. Full sun or semi-shade it thrives if watered often and given ample amounts of well-balanced organic or chemical fertilizer. Good cut foliage and decorative in large pots. Southern to Eastern Cape in moist areas FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RESTIONACEAE Rhodocoma foliosa COMMON NAMES: Mikado stems, Kort langeberg riet Always neat and fresh-looking, Rhodocoma foliosa form erect bright shiny green clumps with well branched culms(stems) seldom needing grooming. Male flower heads have a golden lacy appearance. Thrives in a sunny or semi shade position, water well to establish and in the winter growing season, responds with lush growth if fed with compost or organic fertilizer.. Small area of the Langeberge, Swellendam to FLOWERING TIMES Garcia's Pass J F M A M J J A S O N D Rhodocoma gigantea Family: RESTIONACEAE COMMON NAMES: Dekriet, Olifantsriet Beautiful, tall growing restios to 3m with brght green lush folage and a compact growing habit. Produces long gracefully arching flower stems in autumn makes a showy feature plant especially near streams or water. Thrives in a full sun to semi shade, well drined position. Plant in winter and water well to establish after which it can withstand dry periods in summer. Responds well to top dressing with compost and feeding with orgnic fertilizer. Southern slopes of coastal mountains George to FLOWERING TIMES PE. Langeberg, Swartberg & Outeniqua mts J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: RESTIONACEAE Thamnochortus bachmanii COMMON NAMES: Steenbok reed, Steenbokriet Compact and neat, one of the few dwarf restios, Thamnochortis bachmannii is a most worthwhile addtion to any garden. Short, erect culms, perfectly decorated by brown-bronze, drooping male and erect female flowers presant most of the year in varying stages of maturity. Best planted in well drained sunny position and watered well at first to establish, there after they can tolerate dry summers. They thrive if top dressed with good compost or orgnic fertilizer. Sandflats of the Northern and Western Cape to FLOWERING TIMES Namaqualand J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RESTIONACEAE Thamnochortus cinereus COMMON NAMES: Silwerriet One of the most striking and colourful restios, many grey-green sterile culms. From May to September both male and female stems rise above the foliage with grass-like flowers the male flowers having large silvery tassels. Needs a well drained position and benefits from winter watering and a light, occasional dressing of organic or chemical 2:3:2 Southern coastal mts, Outeniqua and Montague FLOWERING TIMES passes J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RESTIONACEAE Thamnochortus insignis COMMON NAMES: Albertinia dekriet Stunning feature plant, 1,5m x 2m wide, typical fynbos species - excellent coastal plant. Perfect for low maintenance feature planting, will respond well to applications of old kraal manure and extra water however. Requires full sun and sandy soil, tolerates drought well. Excellent interplanted with proteas and ericas. Bredasdorp to Mossel Bay. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Thamnochortus lucens Family: RESTIONACEAE

Dwarf restios forming attractive tufts to 50cm. Male flower spikelets of golden tassels and dark brown female spikelets adorn these perky little grasses during autumn and spring. Make a stunning display by planting in groups of 3 or more or in pots. Water well to establish, feed and mulch during the winter growing season for lush growth and flowers. Very common in Western Cape mountains, dry FLOWERING TIMES gravelly slopes from sea level to 800m. J F M A M J J A S O N D Thamnochortus spicigerus Family: RESTIONACEAE

Handsome restio to 1,5m with strong thick culms. They form dense stands in nature with spreading rhizomes. Ideal for coastal gardens, they tolerate harsh windy conditions well and make showy feature plants, stuning in big pots. Plant in well drained sunny position and water well initially until established after which they will thrive in winter rainfall areas with little attention. Feed with organic fertilizer r topdress with compost for extra showy results. sandy flats below 600m FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Grasses, Sedges & Restios

Family: TYPHACEAE Typha capensis (=T. latifolia) COMMON NAMES: Bullrushes, Matjiesgoed Tall elegant water plant with long strap like leaves and showy, velvety brown inflorescences on long stalks, an ideal focal point for water gardens. Birds use the inflorescences for nesting material and the plant is used extensively for its medicinal and nutritional qualities. Control growth in small ponds by planting into submerged pots. Cosmopolitan found extensively along streams & FLOWERING TIMES dam edges J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Fynbos

Acmadenia alternifolia Family: RUTACEAE Compact, rounded shrub with needle like leaves and a myriad of tiny pink star-like flowers in autumn and spring, very similar to Coleonema but more compact and floriferous. Does well in a sunny position and responds to regular watering and light feeding with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser. Excellent for coastal gardens. Knysna to Keurbooms River and Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUTACEAE Acmadenia heterophylla COMMON NAMES: Buchu Low growing ornamental buchu with aromatic leaves and striking star-shaped pink flowers most of the year, but especially in winter. Plant in groups or as edging for best effect. Excellent coastal plant. Prune when necessary. Responds well to applications of 3:1:5 slow release or compost 2-3 times yearly. Mossel Bay, Pinnacle Point form. Coastal FLOWERING TIMES limestone fynbos J F M A M J J A S O N D Acmadenia mundiana Family: RUTACEAE

A very rewarding aromatic ornamental buchu, although natural habitat is limestone, it thrives well in a normal garden situation. Leaves are soft grey and stems are topped with 3 - 4 showy open pink flowers making it a wonderfull mixed border or container plant contrasting well with larger and green leaved shrubs and Restios. Plant in well drained full sun position, water well initially to settle, prune lightly to shape and feed with organic fertiliser or 3:1:5 especially before flowering. Limestone hills on the Agulhas Plain FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Acmadenia obtusata Family: RUTACEAE

One of the most striking ornamental buchus, low growing to15cm becoming absolutely covered with large, star shaped magenta flowers in winter and early summer. Plant in well drained full sun position, prune lightly to shape and feed with organic fertiliser or 3:1:5 especially before flowering. Although drought resistant, they thrive on regular watering. Lovely in containers or grouped in beds. Caledon to Riversdale. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agathosma apiculata Family: RUTACEAE

Grows naturally in coastal dunes and on limestone cliffs facing the sea. It adapts happily to almost any well-drained garden position from full sun to semi-shade. It is drought tolerant. The densely leafy, aromatic shrublet bears clusters of showy white flowers for most of the year, but especially in winter. Responds well to pruning and occasional fertilising with 3:1:5 slow release or compost. Riversdale to P. E. Coastal dunes and limestone FLOWERING TIMES areas. J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: RUTACEAE Agathosma betulina COMMON NAMES: Round-leaf Buchu The buchu best known for its remarkable medicinal properties. It is also an attractive and pest free garden plant with fragrant foliage and showy, pure white flowers in winter. Plant in well drained sunny position, prune to shape in summer and water and feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertilizer regularly for best results. Mountains of the Western Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUTACEAE Agathosma capensis 'Paarl' COMMON NAMES: Buchu, Boegoe Sweetly spice scented, this medium height shrub has a neat, compact habit. Small shiny green leaves. Charming little white flowers attractive to bees and butterflies. The Paarl regional form of this widespread species. Flowers sporadically throughout the year. Slopes and flats on sand, shale or granite. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUTACEAE Agathosma ciliaris *Pink COMMON NAMES: Bergboegoe Compact growing, neat medium shrub with small attractive pink Pom Pom like flowers in late winter and spring. The leaves have a strong but pleasant lemon fragrance if crushed. Plant in full sun or semi shade, well drained position, water well to establish, thereafer they cope well with dry summers. Spoil them with top dressings of compost and organic fertilizer and regular water in dry periods, you will be well rewarded with lush growth and flowers. Coastal flats to lower sandstone slopes Caledon to FLOWERING TIMES Peninsula J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUTACEAE Agathosma ciliaris *White COMMON NAMES: Bergboegoe Pretty ornamental buchu, with delicate, fluffy white flowers in winter. Aromatic foliage. Very neat rounded appearance similar to the small exotic Hebe, ±40cm. Excellent container plant or planted in groups in mixed borders. Responds well to pruning and occasional feeding with 3:1:5 slow release or compost. Water well to establish. Peninsula to Caledon. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agathosma collina Family: RUTACEAE

Dense, aromatic shrub, grows on stabilised dunes. Flowers yellow-green in summer, height ±1. 5m. Excellent container plant or planted in groups in mixed borders. Responds well to pruning and occasional feeding with 3:1:5 slow release or compost. Caledon to Swellendam. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Fynbos

Agathosma glabrata Family: RUTACEAE This ornamental Buchu has aromatic leaves and clusters of fluffy lilac flowers in such profusion that they almost obscure the leaves. Winter flowering, they make ideal garden or container plants and do very well if pruned after flowering and fed occasionally (2-3 times yearly) with 3:1:5 slow release. Malmesbury to Peninsula. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUTACEAE Agathosma ovata 'Glentana' COMMON NAMES: Basterboegoe Tall growing ornamental buchu, sprays of star shaped, pale pink to white aromatic flowers in profusion. Does well in semi-shade under trees including pine trees. Good cut flower. Responds well to pruning and occasional fertilizing with 3:1:5 slow release or organic compost. Caledon to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agathosma ovata 'Kluitjieskraal' Family: RUTACEAE

Most worthwhile of the small buchus. Good edging or ground cover. Clouds of delicate pink flowers for long period. Responds well to twice-yearly applications of 3:1:5 slow release and pruning when necessary grow in full sun or semi shade. Tulbagh FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Agathosma serpyllacea Family: RUTACEAE

A rounded shrublet of the Buchu family growing to a tidy 80cm height. Fine-textured foliage and striking rich pink to white flowers densely covering the plant. Clip lightly to shape during the late summer or autumn. Coastal or inland sand or limestone flats and FLOWERING TIMES slopes. J F M A M J J A S O N D Aspalathus florifera Family: FABACEAE

Erect shrublet with spiky silver-grey leaves. When planted in a pot and pruned to shape it makes a wonderful silver Christmas Tree! It is further decorated with tiny yellow pea-like flowers. Plant in well drained sunny position. Responds well to light pruning, for best results feed lightly with slow release organic or 3:1:5. coastal flats George to PE (Sparrabosh) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Berzelia intermedia Family: BRUNIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Knoppiesbos Typical fynbos species to growing 1. 5m, fine ericoid leaves, flowers in rounded, creamy white balls forming heads on branch tips, peduncles become red and swollen. Can be pruned successfully and responds well to regular watering and feeding with slow release 3:1:5 organic or chemical fertilizer. They grow naturally on moist mountain slopes. Cederberg to Uitenhage. Protected species. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Fynbos

Family: BRUNIACEAE Berzelia lanuginosa COMMON NAMES: Vleiknopbos Typical fynbos species growing to 1. 5m, fine ericoid leaves, flowers in rounded, creamy white balls forming heads on branch tips, peduncles green. Creates a soft ferny effect and can be pruned successfully . Responds well to regular watering and feeding with slow release 3:1:5 organic or chemical fertilizer. They grow naturally on moist mountain slopes. W.Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUTACEAE Coleonema album COMMON NAMES: Aasbossie Fine heath-like foliage with masses of tiny white flowers in winter to early summer. Grows to 1. 5m, but can easily be kept trimmed in any shape, low hedge, bonsai, topiary or informal border. A member of the buchu family, plant in well drained sunny position. Prune lightly in summer to shape, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Saldanha, Peninsula to Bredasdorp. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Coleonema pulchellum *Dark Pink Family: RUTACEAE

Fine heath-like foliage with masses of starry dark pink flowers in winter to early summer. Grows to 0. 5m, but can easily be kept trimmed in any shape, low hedge, bonsai, topiary or informal border. A member of the buchu family, plant in well drained sunny position. Prune lightly in summer to shape, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Knysna to PE (Dark flowered form) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUTACEAE Coleonema pulchellum *Pink COMMON NAMES: confetti bush Fine heath-like foliage with masses of starry dark pink flowers in winter to early summer. Grows to 1.2m, but can easily be kept trimmed in any shape, low hedge, bonsai, topiary or informal border. A member of the buchu family, plant in well drained sunny position. Prune lightly in summer to shape, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. Namaqualand, Cape to Natal found on coastal cliff FLOWERING TIMES tops and ridges J F M A M J J A S O N D Coleonema 'Sunset Gold' Family: RUTACEAE

Magnificent, rich golden foliage, pink flowers, compact and low growing, this member of the buchu family makes an excellent contrast in the mixed border and a good container plant. Plant in a well drained sunny position. Prune lightly in summer to shape, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly for best results. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Fynbos

Family: FABACEAE Cyclopia intermedia COMMON NAMES: Honey bush tea, Kougabergtee This is the deliciously pretty shrub from which honey-bush tea is made. Lovely sunshine-yellow pea like blooms are carried in clusters. The soft-textured foliage makes it attractive even when not in flower. A resprouter that responds well to pruning. Plant in sun in a well-drained position. Sandstone slopes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Cyclopia subternata Family: FABACEAE

Erect, decorative, medium shrub which reseeds itself easily after producing masses of bright yellow pea shaped flowers in spring. Plant in a very well drained position and water regularly - feed in summer with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer and prune lightly to shape. Loved by dirds. Langberg to Tsitsikama mountains FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Diosma aristata Family: RUTACEAE

Erect shrub to 700mm with hard, glossy needle like leaves and open white flowers. An interesting plant because of its rarity - only found in Mossel Bay - and texture. Good in mixed borders and as a filler in flower arrangements. Needs a well drained, full sun position and responds well to pruning and occasional fertilizing with 3:1:5 slow release or organic compost. Lime stone endemic Mossel Bay FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Erica baueri *Pink Family: ERICACEAE

An excellent garden plant, ±1m, flowering almost all year with flowers 2cm long, puffed pink tubes in terminal spikes - good cut flower. Prune to keep neat and feed before flowering with slow release 3:1:5 or good organic fertilizer. Be careful not to disturb the roots and water regularly as this is generally the cause of losses with Ericas. Make wonderful container plants. Riversdale, Albertinia. Protected species. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Erica baueri *White Family: ERICACEAE

An excellent garden plant, ±1m, flowering almost all year with flowers 2cm long, puffed white tubes in terminal spikes - good cut flower. Prune to keep neat and feed regularly with slow release 3:1:5 or good organic fertilizer for best results. Be careful not to disturb the roots and water regularly as this is generally the cause of losses with Ericas. Make wonderful container plants. Riversdale, Albertinia. Protected species. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Erica caffra Family: ERICACEAE COMMON NAMES: Water Heath, Reisheide Tall, robust Erica, 3-4m, with shiny dark green leaves, covered with bell shaped pure white flowers in spring ad early summer. Can be pruned easily into a medium hedge or dense screen. Plant in a well drained sunny or semishade position, water well and protect from root disturbance until established. Feed before flowering with slow release 3:1:5 or good organic fertilizer. Widespread in S. W. Cape . E. Cape. Protected FLOWERING TIMES species. J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 53

Fynbos

Family: ERICACEAE Erica formosa COMMON NAMES: White Heath Beautiful compact plants with pure white bell shaped flowers. Exquisite planted in swathes or singly in mxed borders, very pretty as container plants. They need to be watered well and protected from root disturbance until established. Feed durng the year and before flowering with slow release 3:1:5 or good organic fertilizer. Swellendam to Humansdorp. Protected species. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ERICACEAE Erica gilva COMMON NAMES: Groenheide A large shrub to 1m with stiff branches bearing needle like leaves and tubular, white to creamy yellow flowers in summer. Cold and wind tolerant it does well in exposed places. Cape honey sucker loves to visit them, Beautiful in mixed borders and can be easily be prune to make a showy and interesting container plant. Responds well to occasional fertilizing with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertilizer. Devil's Peak, Table Mountain and other high FLOWERING TIMES mountain peaks in the Cape Peninsula J F M A M J J A S O N D Erica glandulosa Family: ERICACEAE

From early autumn through to spring this shrub is covered in pink to orange tubular flowers. Usually reaching a height of about 1,5m, this shrub is an asset to any garden. Plant in full sun. Prune to shape and keep neat. Needs regular watering and light feeding. Be careful not to disturb the roots. Paarl, Franschoek and Mossel Bay to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES Protected species. J F M A M J J A S O N D Erica gracilis Family: ERICACEAE

Delicate shrub covered in profusion of pink bells. One of the easiest Ericas to cultivate, perfect for that indigenous "English Garden" look. Prune to keep neat and feed before flowering with slow release 3:1:5 or good organic fertilizer. Water well to establish and be sure to protect the roots from disturbance. Swellendam to Humansdorp. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Erica gracilis *Dark Pink Family: ERICACEAE COMMON NAMES: Pink Heath Bearning a profusion of cerise pink bells over a long period, this neat, compact and showy Erica is one of the easiest to cultivate although produced in far greater numbers for the European pot plant market! Prune to keep neat, water and feed regularly with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer to encourge lush growth and flowering. Selection of E. gracilus, species occurs Southern FLOWERING TIMES Cape coastal area. Swellendam to Humansdorp J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Fynbos

Family: ERICACEAE Erica mammosa COMMON NAMES: Nine Pin Heath, Klossieheide An outstandingly beautiful tall Erica. Compact growth, frost hardy with puffed, dense heads of tubular flowers ranging in colour from white to pink to red to greenish yellow. Prune to keep neat and promote flowering, feed in spring and autumn with slow release 3:1:5 or good organic fertilizer. Water regularly and prevent root disurbance. Sandy seepage areas coastal and mountain fynbos FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Erica mauritanica Family: ERICACEAE

Tall errect with mases of tiny urn shaped pink flowers. Prune to keep neat and promote flowering, feed in spring and autumn with slow release 3:1:5 or good organic fertilizer. Be careful not to disturb the roots and water regularly as this is generally the cause of losses with Ericas. Make wonderful container plants. Cape Peninsula to Stellenbosch FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Erica sessiliflora Family: ERICACEAE

Tall growing handsome Erica with greenish yellow flowers in tight terminal spikes in winter followed by a red fruiting head. Prune regularly to keep neat and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or good organic fertilizer 2 to 3 times a year for maximum growth and flowering. Widespread, Peninsula, Overberg, S. Cape to FLOWERING TIMES Humansdorp moist and seepage areas J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ERICACEAE Erica sparsa COMMON NAMES: Ker-ker A cloud of tiny cup-shaped pink flowers covers this soft-textured Erica for much of the year. Remember to trim it to shape regardless of flowers, as Ericas like frequent, light prunings. Mulch well in summer during establishment. Lower slopes, George to Humansdorp, Cockscomb FLOWERING TIMES mountains J F M A M J J A S O N D Erica versicolor *Red Family: ERICACEAE

Tall, sturdy bush, up to 1m, with beautiful tubular flowers red at the base greenish to yellow at the tips. Prune to keep neat and feed before flowering with slow release 3:1:5 or good organic fertilizer. Be careful not to disturb the roots and water regularly as this is generally the cause of losses with Ericas. Swellendam to Knysna. Protected species. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Erica verticillata 'Kew' Family: ERICACEAE

Extinct in the wild, this exquisite Erica is however, easy to cultivate and worth having in every garden. Tall growing with thick clusters of tubular magenta flowers on virtually every branch . Dead heading encourages flowering and the plant is easily shaped gorgeous in containers. Thrives in a semi shade or full sun, well drained position, feed and water regularly especially during winter growing season. Extinct in the wild, this form has been conserved in FLOWERING TIMES the Kew Gardens collection for many years. J F M A M J J A S O N D Occurred on Cape flats in damp sandy soils Wynberg, Kenilworth and Zeekoeivlei Page 55

Fynbos

Erica verticillata 'Pretoria' Family: ERICACEAE Extinct in the wild, this form of E verticillata was found growing in Pretoria Park in Pretoria thereafter grown at Kirstenbosch. Handsome shrub to 1,5m with compact habit with deep green leaves and dark, dusky pink, tubular flowers that attract Sunbirds. Sadly agriculture and urban development has wiped out its natural populations on the sandy flats of the Cape Penninsula. Extinct in the wild, this form was found in Pretoria FLOWERING TIMES Park in Pretoria thereafter grown at Kirstenbosch. J F M A M J J A S O N D Occurred on Cape flats in damp sandy soils Wynberg, Kenilworth and Zeekoeivlei Family: PROTEACEAE Leucadendron argenteum COMMON NAMES: Silver Tree, Silwerboom Beautiful ornamental tree with silky foliage which is so silvery it appears metallic. Fast growing, it likes acid soil and good drainage is essential, an east or south east facing slope is ideal. Best planted in winter, water regularly until establshed. Suseptible to root disease, treat as soon as signs appear. Top dress with good compost occasionally. Occurs on cool, eastern and southerly slopes on FLOWERING TIMES granite-derived clay soils partcularly on Table J F M A M J J A S O N D mountain in Cape town Leucadendron 'Chameleon' Family: PROTEACEAE

Greenish yellow shoots and leaves and attractive cones provide interest throughout the year, tall growing up to 1,6m. Prunes beautifully, useful as a hedge or screen and makes a beautiful contrast plant in a mixed border. Requires a well drained, full sun position and although able to withstand dry summers, regular watering and light feeding with slow release organic fertilizer or compost to boost growth. Hybrid of L. laureolum x eucalyptifolium FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Leucadendron 'Inca Gold' Family: PROTEACEAE

Green foliage with reddish tinge in late summer and autumn. Bright lemon yellow flowers dazzle the eye in late winter. Makes a beautiful ornamental garden subject for well-drained soils and a sunny position. A functional plant used as a low hedge or screen and excellent cut flowers and foliage. Water regularly to establish and prune when young for compact growth, responds well to feeding in the growing season. Hybrid Leucadendron salignum x laureolum FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Leucadendron 'Jubilee Crown' Family: PROTEACEAE COMMON NAMES: Sunshine Cone Bush This Cone Bush cultivar has interesting needle like grey green leaves with redish tips and maroon cones after flowering. Male and female plants are different. Another useful protea, grown extensively as cut folage and prunes easily into a low hedge or border. Feeding promotes faster lush growth. Water well to establish thereafter it is extremely drought tolerant. Cultivar FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Fynbos

Family: PROTEACEAE Leucadendron salignum COMMON NAMES: Geelbos Strong growing erect shrub with attractive foliage and cones. A natural resprouter, it can be pruned hard to shape into hedges or screens. Adapts to most garden situations and good for cut foliage and flowers. Feed lightly with 3:1:5 slow release fertiliser for best results. Avoid root disturbance at all costs! Widespread in the Cape Bokkeveld mts to FLOWERING TIMES Grahmstown J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: PROTEACEAE Leucospermum 'High Gold' COMMON NAMES: Yellow Pinchusion Beautifull hybrid pincushion, cordifolium x pattersonii, produces masses of gorgeous lemon yellow "pincushion" flowers in spring. Plant in a well drained full sun position and mulch with compost and/or feed with organic fertilizer in the winter growng season for best flowering. Prune after flowering to shape. Hybrid of L. cordifolium x pattersonii FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: PROTEACEAE Leucospermum 'Veld Fire' COMMON NAMES: Orange Pincushion True to its name this gorgeous orange 'Pincushion' is a blaze of colour in spring and early summer. Handsome large shrub for the mixed or fynbos border, as a single feature or in groups of three. Needs a well drained sunny position and thrives if fed with an organic fertilizer and watered regularly in the winter growing season. Prune to shape after flowering. Hybrid of L. glabrum FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Phylica axillaris Family: RHAMNACEAE

Typical fynbos shrub, ±1m, with compact pink flowers - good cut flower for dried arrangements. Plant in full sun, well drained position, prune to keep neat and feed slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer for lush growth. Bredasdorp to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Phylica cf. axillaris var. maritima Family: RHAMNACEAE

Found on south facing coastal cliffs, this Phylica has broader and more densely arranged leaves than P. alternifolius, up to 1m, excellent coastal shrub. Plant in full sun, well drained position, prune to keep neat and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer for extra flowers and more lush growth, water in dry periods. Southern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Phylica ericoides Family: RHAMNACEAE

Attractive, neat shrublet, ±30cm, leaves small erica-like, flowers white in dense heads. Plant in full sun, well drained position and feed occasionally with fynbos fertilizer. They make charming container plants, planted in groups or as edging along borders. Peninsula to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 57

Fynbos

Family: RHAMNACEAE Phylica paniculata COMMON NAMES: Hardebos Usefull as a small tree or shrub this versatile plant can even be pruned to form a tough hedge. The leathery olive green foliage and small, sweetly scented white flowers last well in the vase and are used extensively as fillers by florists. Plant in full sun, well drained position. Prune according to required use and feed regularly with slow release organic fertilizer for fastest growth. Widespread WC - Hex River Valley to Zimbabwe. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RHAMNACEAE Phylica pubescens COMMON NAMES: Featherhead, Veerkoppie A little shrub of the fynbos that flowers in winter. It has white to yellowish furry bracts that are best described by the common name: 'Featherhead'. Sandstone and limestone slopes Cape Peninsula FLOWERING TIMES to Albertinia J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: PROTEACEAE Serruria aemula COMMON NAMES: Srawberry Spiderhead, Rondevlei Spiderhead Critically endangered this gorgeous neat shrub makes a prized and worthwhile addition to any fynbos collection or garden especially in the Rondodebosch to Milnerton area, it's natural distribution area. Needs good acid loam to thrive and will reward with masses of sweetly scented pink pom pom like flowers. Responds well to light feeding with organic fertilizer. Needs little pruning. Used to be widespread on Cape Flats from FLOWERING TIMES Rondebosch to Milnerton but now critically J F M A M J J A S O N D endangered, 1000 plants left in nature.

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Ferns & fernlike plants

Asparagus aethiopicus Family: ASPARAGACEAE A very different looking Asparagus with fluffy bright green foliage, becoming covered with clouds of tiny white flowers followed by red berries in early summer. It's spiny stems have an erect, sprawling habit which work well to keep out unwanted pets or visitors! Grow in full sun or semi shade, needs little water to thrive. Feed more often if planted in the sun. Widespread through NW, NC, WC, EC FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASPARAGACEAE Asparagus africanus COMMON NAMES: Bush asparagus A tough, fine textured shrub or climber. It'll scramble if planted near support, or develop into a shapely free-standing shrub about 1.5m tall if planted in the open. Fine foliage is graced with tiny white flowers and brightly cheerful red berries. An excellent garden or landscaping plant. In riverine fringes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Asparagus densiflorus 'Cwebe' Family: ASPARAGACEAE

Exceptionally beautiful, with broader leaflets and taller than A. sprengerii, handsome shrub up to 50cm. New foliage emerges a shiny, deep bronze colour. Prefers semi shade position but tolerates sun if watered and fed with 2:3:2 slow release more often. A waterwise plant - good in dry shade under trees. E. Cape and KZN. Coastal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Asparagus densiflorus 'Mazeppa' Family: ASPARAGACEAE

Fantastic emerald green, mat forming coastal Asparagus, becoming covered with tiny but showy white flowers followed by large red berries. Excellent for borders, containers indoors and out and dry areas. Feed occasionally with slow release organic or chemical fertilizer 2:3:2 for darker colour and lush growth. E. Cape to KZN. Coastal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Asparagus densiflorus 'Meyersii Cat's Tail' Family: ASPARAGACEAE

Attractive foliage plant with thick erect cat's tail like fronds. Tiny white flowers followed by showy red berries Prefers semi shade position but also thrives in sun if kept well watered and fed with 2:3:2 slow release fertilizer more often. Thick tuberous roots make this a waterwise plant - good in dry shade under trees. E. Cape to KZN. Coastal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Asparagus densiflorus 'Sprengerii' Family: ASPARAGACEAE

Ornamental, fern like leaves in long sprays bearing red berries. Makes an excellent ground cover or container plant for indoors or out. Prefers semi shade position, but tolerates sun if watered and fed with 2:3:2 slow release more often. Thick tuberous roots make this a waterwise plant - good in dry shade under trees. E. Cape to KZN. Coastal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ferns & fernlike plants

Family: ASPARAGACEAE Asparagus falcatus COMMON NAMES: Sickle Thorn True to its name this attractive, structural climber closely resembles a young Outeniqua yellowood Podocarpus falcatus - with its dark green, glossy foliage making it a striking and unusual pot plant. Lovely in bloom with clouds of tiny cream flowers followed by red berries. Thrives in dry shade, has a robust habit and is suitable as a barrier plant. Limpopo and Mpumalanga, KZN and Swaziland FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASPARAGACEAE Asparagus macowanii COMMON NAMES: Shrub Asparagus This attractive shrub forming Asparagus is an interesting addition to the shade palette especially those difficult, harsh dry shade corners. New foilage, an eye catching dark bronze, gives a fluffy 'tail' like effect and the profusion of small white fowers make an a striking display in spring and early summer. Although drought hardy and tough, it thrives on additions of compost and an occasional good watering. Near rivers, dry forest, rocky places FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Asparagus virgatus Family: ASPARAGACEAE

Tall growing with attractive, fine foliage - beautiful planted in mass or as a single subject. Good cut foliage. Does well under trees as it is quite drought resistant and prefers semi shade. N. and E.Cape to KZN, Free State to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASPLENIACEAE Asplenium lobatum COMMON NAMES: Carrot Fern Shade loving fern with leathery, carrot-like foliage. Good indoor container or shady garden subject. Mulch well, feed with 2:3:2 chemical or organic fertilizer and water regularly for lush look. E. Cape, Natal FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Blechnum tabulare Family: BLECHNACEAE

Attractive fern, forming a thick stem with large leaves. Shade and water loving - handsome container plant. Mulch, water - especially on the crown - and feed with slow release 2:3:2 chemical or organic fertiliser for lush, happy growth. Cape, Natal, Swaziland and Gauteng FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Cheilanthes viridis Family: PTERIDACEAE

Dark green fern with fronds resembling the common "maiden hair" fern only much harder and more drought tolerant. Recreate the effect of lush forest undergrowth in the garden or use as a hardy indoor or outdoor potplant. Thrives in shade. Feed with organic fertiliser or 2:3:2 and water regularly for best results. Widespread throughout SA FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ferns & fernlike plants

Family: ZAMIACEAE Encephalartos altensteinii COMMON NAMES: Eastern Cape Cycad A cycad which can form a stem 4-7m high in time. This coastal species naturally occurs in low forest or on rocky hillsides. The leaves are among the largest found in cycads. Cones are yellowish-green and the seeds are scarlet. A drought tolerant plant which can be used to stunning effect as a form plant or container plant. Plant in a focal position in full sun. For best growth, feed from time to time with organic fertilizer. E.Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pteridium aquilinum Family: PTERIDACEAE

Beautiful, fast growing fern, decorative indoor pot plant with finely divided lime green fronds. Needs a shady moist position and does best if watered and fed with organic fertiliser or 2:3:2 regularly, remove brown leaves to keep neat. Wide distribution FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: DRYOPTERIDACEAE Rumohra adiantiformis COMMON NAMES: Seven Week Fern, Seweweeksvaring Beautiful fern with large leathery deep green leaves making excellent cut foliage lasting up to 7 weeks in a vase. Needs a shady moist position and does best if watered and fed with organic fertiliser or 2:3:2 regularly. S. W. Cape to E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Selaginella kraussiana Family: SELAGINACEAE

A moss species of the deep forest, that is to be seen along stream-banks, even covering rocks and treetrunks. Ideal as an indoor pot plant, and tolerating quite low light, it will also work well on damp, Southern slopes and helps to create a soft, natural effect around water features. Note: this is one of the plants chosen by Kirstenbosch for their exciting 'living walls' project! Along shady stream-banks and in seepage areas. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Todea barbata Family: OSMUNDACEAE

A large, handsome "tree fern" type of fern with mature leaves reaching up to 1,5m. The stems form large woody heads becoming larger and more numerous with age, rather than taller. They prefer a shady, wet position and make excellent indoor pot plants or feature plants near streams and water features. Feed regularly and water well for best results. W. , S. and E. Cape, Natal and Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Succulents

Acrodon beliidiflorus Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE This is a lovely succulent plant with pale pink, daisy like flowers up to 35mm across. It forms a dense tuft, and the leaves resemble those of a minuature Aloe. A worthwhile addition to rockeries or as a tuft forming perennial in well drained garden beds in sun. It flowers sporadically through most of the year. Riversdale, Mosselbay FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASPHODELACEAE Aloe arborescens COMMON NAMES: Kransaalwyn Useful, attractive many branched Aloe for harsh conditions. Useful as screen or impenetrable hedge up to 2m. Showy dispay of orange and occasionally yellow flowers in winter. Extracts of leaves have many uses, especially for burns and skin ailments. Caledon to E. Cape, occurs in bush and forest. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Aloe arborescens 'Le Roux' A selection of A. arborescens with lime-green leaves and yellow flowers FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Aloe arborescens 'Newlandsii' Family: ASPHODELACEAE Family: ASPHODELACEAE

A selection of A. arborescens with grey-green leaves and unusual bicolor yellow and orange flowers. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASPHODELACEAE Aloe barberae (= A. bainesii) COMMON NAMES: Tree Aloe Striking and distinctive tree aloe, ideal large accent plant with 2 or 3 forked branches and attractive whitish grey bark. Bears spikes of tubular salmon-pink or orange flowers. Can cope well with almost any climate and soil type. From E. Cape to KZN, Swaziland and Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES in a broad coastal band. Occurs in forest and tall J F M A M J J A S O N D bush. Aloe ciliaris *Red Family: ASPHODELACEAE

Scrambling, bush type with pretty red flowers. Does well in dry shade under trees and responds well to pruning which results in many flowering branches forming. Flowering times variable. Occurs in wooded ravines and among bushes in FLOWERING TIMES thicket vegetation, Eastern Cape J F M A M J J A S O N D Aloe cooperi Family: ASPHODELACEAE

Lovely, stong-growing grass-aloe. Leaves about 40cm with small white teeth along the margins. Flowers salmon-pink long and tubular. The racemes on longs stalks up to 1,2m. Dry, rocky and wet, marshy areas FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 62

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Family: ASPHODELACEAE Aloe ferox COMMON NAMES: Bitter Aloes, Tapaalwyn Large, striking accent plant with huge spikes of deep orange flowers in winter. Up to 2m, excellent for dry rocky areas but one of the most adaptable aloes and can also grows well in relatively wet areas. An occasional feed with well rotted kraal or other manure does wonders! Grown extensively as a commercial crop for its many medicinal uses. Occurs in wide range of habitats, on moutain FLOWERING TIMES slopes, rocky areas and flat open areas. W.Cape to J F M A M J J A S O N D KZN and Lesotho. Family: ASPHODELACEAE Aloe maculata COMMON NAMES: Bontaalwyn Low-growing aloe, attractive mottled leaves and branched flower spikes range from dark red to yellow dark red flowers spikes loved by birds. Excellent for coastal areas and dry spots. An occasional feed with well rotted kraal or other manure does wonders! Wide distibution, Cape Peninsula to KZN to FLOWERING TIMES Zimbabwe. Variety of habitats from rocky outcrops J F M A M J J A S O N D to thicket and grassland. Family: ASPHODELACEAE Aloe plicatilis COMMON NAMES: Fan Aloe, Waaieraalwyn Exceptional tree aloe, up to 5m tall. Beautiful grey-green leaves with no thorns arranged in a fan and orange/red flowers. Needs well-drained soil and full sun and since it occurs naturally in a high-rainfall area in the Cape it does not mind regular watering in winter. Specific to the western Cape mountains from FLOWERING TIMES Franschoek to Elandskloof. J F M A M J J A S O N D Aloe tenuior *Orange Family: ASPHODELACEAE

Scrambling, bush type with pretty orange/red flowers. Does well in dry shade under trees and responds well to pruning which results in many flowering branches forming. Flowering times variable. Occurs from the coastal to inland areas in the FLOWERING TIMES Eastern Cape. J F M A M J J A S O N D Aloe tenuior *Yellow Family: ASPHODELACEAE

Scrambling, bush type with pretty yellow flowers. Does well in dry shade under trees and responds well to pruning which results in many flowering branches forming. Flowering time variable. Occurs from the coastal to inland areas in the FLOWERING TIMES Eastern Cape. J F M A M J J A S O N D Aloe thraskii Family: ASPHODELACEAE COMMON NAMES: Coastal Aloe, Kusaalwyn Most useful aloe for seaside planting. Tall, robust, growing 2-3m, with enormous leaves. Striking spikes of yellow flowers. An occasional feed with well rotted kraal or other manure does wonders! Occurs in coastal bush on sand dunes. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: PORTULACACEAE Anacampseros telephiastrum COMMON NAMES: Gemsboksuring Short stemmed succulent to 15cm, soft, delicate, pink star shaped flowers on long stems open in the late afternoon. Rocky flats and slopes, Worcester to the Eastern FLOWERING TIMES Cape J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE Aptenia cordifolia *Purple COMMON NAMES: Brakvygie Attractive trailing ground cover with bright green succulent leaves, it is covered in shiny purple flowers in summer. Feed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser for best results. Prefers a dry south or SE facing bank, excellent for loffelstein walls. Protect from cold winters. George to PE, EC to Gauteng FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE Aptenia cordifolia *Red COMMON NAMES: Brakvygie Attractive trailing ground cover with bright green succulent leaves, it is covered in shiny red flowers in summer. Feed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser for best results. Protect from cold winters. George to PE, EC to Gauteng FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Bergeranthus multiceps Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

A very desirable succulent ground cover. The clump of foliage with its pointed little leaves resembles a mass of tiny aloes. Brightly cheerful, golden- yellow, vygie-like flowers add to its charm. Dry rocky areas. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Bulbine frutescens *Orange Family: ASPHODELACEAE COMMON NAMES: Rankkopieva Succulent, clump forming, for rockeries or dry places e. g. dry shade under trees or in full sun. Leaves used for the relief of insect bites. Flowers decorative orange spikes all year fluffy stamens distinguish them from the genus Bulbinella. W.Cape to KZN and Gauteng. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Bulbine frutescens *Yellow Family: ASPHODELACEAE COMMON NAMES: Rankkopieva A yellow flowering form of the above. Excellent for landscaping and mass plantings thanks to their free flowering habit and general adaptablility. W. Cape to KZN and Gauteng. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Bulbine latifolia Family: ASPHODELACEAE This attractive, form plant has rosettes of thick, broad succulent light-green leaves and produces colourful, tall spikes of fluffy yellow flowers intermittently all year. Thrives if top dressed occasionally with rich compost. Excellent water wise plant. Rocky slopes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE Carpobrotus acinaciformis COMMON NAMES: Sour fig, Suurvy A purple flowered version of this tough groundcover. Unbeatable for slope stabilization, especially in sandy soils. This species occurs from Saldanha to Mossel bay. Coastal sands from Cape Peninsula to Natal FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE Carpobrotus deliciosus COMMON NAMES: Goena An extremely useful plant - essential for fast stabilizing of sandy and other slopes, medicinally used for skin ailments and stings, good low/no maintenance for covering large areas, loffelstein or under trees in dry shade. Huge, attractive flowers in purple, pink or white. Fruits have a distinctive salty sour taste and are eaten when dry or used to make jams and condiments. Riversdal to Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE Carpobrotus dimidiatus COMMON NAMES: Natal Sour fig, Natal Strandvy Tough drought and salt-spray resistant spreading succulent with three-sided leaves and large vygie flowers shiny mauve. Sand dunes Eastern Cape and Kwazulu natal FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Carpobrotus edulis Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE COMMON NAMES: Sour fig, Goena An extremely useful plant - essential for fast stabilizing of sandy and other slopes, medicinally used for skin ailments and stings, good low/no maintenance for covering large areas, loffelstein or under trees in dry shade. Huge, attractive flowers bright yellow fading to pink. Fruits have a distinctive salty sour taste and are eaten when dry or used to make jams and condiments. Northern, Western and Eastern Cape on coastal FLOWERING TIMES sands J F M A M J J A S O N D Carpobrotus muirii COMMON NAMES: Dwarf Sour Fig Small and narrow-leaved Carpobrotus, flowers pink. Coastal sands, de Hoop to Mossel Bay Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Carpobrotus quadrifidus Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE Interesting large-leaved Carpobrotus, flowers white, pink or purplish 120 -150mm. Sandy lowlands, Namaqualand to Saldanha FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CHENOPODIACEAE Chenolea diffusa (=Bassia diffusa) COMMON NAMES: Soutbossie A useful ground cover for places with brackish soils. In nature it grows along lagoons with an outlet to the sea. The silvery, needle like leaves contrast with the reddish stems and tiny yellow flowers. This tough little plant is a useful addition to the limited range of plants able to tolerate extreme coastal conditions. Gwaing River to Natal FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CRASSULACEAE Cotyledon orbiculata COMMON NAMES: Pig's Ears, Varkoor A beautiful addition to any rock garden. Large, round, fleshy, grey-green leaves with a red margin. Large red-orange tubular flowers suspended from a stalk. An inland and coastal plant, which enjoys dry shade . 60-90cm. Grows naturally in the dry areas of the Sout FLOWERING TIMES Western to Eastern Cape J F M A M J J A S O N D Cotyledon orbiculata 'Big Leaf' Family: CRASSULACEAE

A large-leaved version of C. orbiculata. Its big, rounded leaves, make it a dramatic subject for the rockery or succulent garden. Dry areas FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Cotyledon orbiculata 'Silver Pig's Ears' Family: CRASSULACEAE

Broad silvery foliage on rounded medium bushes make this a fantastic contrast plant for perennial borders. Plant with white flowers or plants with different colour foliage for brilliant effect. This succulent does very well in dry shade and can be fed occasionally for faster growth but will then need to be pinched back to encourage bushiness. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Crassula arborescens Family: CRASSULACEAE COMMON NAMES: Jade Plant Shrub up to 2m, leaves rounded and silvery grey, sometimes with purplish margin. Flowers in dense clusters, starshaped, white tinged with red. A striking component of Karoo vegitation. Rocky sandstone slopes,Southern Namaqualand FLOWERING TIMES to Eastern Cape J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Crassula capitella ssp. thyrsiflora Family: CRASSULACEAE Geometric leaves that sometimes turn bright red and a cascading habit make this a great option for raised beds, rockeries and as a ground cover. It has tiny, white, star-shaped flowers. Widespread in a variety of habitats FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Crassula dejecta Family: CRASSULACEAE

This densely branched, leafy shrub has small, densely-packed bright green leaves and grows up to a height 40cm. It forms rounded clusters of tubular white flowers tinged reddish. One of the most spectacular of The Crassulas when in flower. Rock outcrops and crevices of the Northern and FLOWERING TIMES Western Cape J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CRASSULACEAE Crassula ericoides COMMON NAMES: Malmeidbossie, Karkai Branched shrublet with small ericoid leaves, densely packed along the stem. Plant up to 400 mm tall with white flowers in dense panicles. Bredasdorp to Port Elizabeth, dry areas. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CRASSULACEAE Crassula expansa ssp. fragilis COMMON NAMES: Fragile Crassula This fine-textured, succulent groundcover bears tiny, star-like white flowers. An excellent cushion forming addition to the rockery, or for use as a fast growing ground cover. Plant in sun or light shade, and give a little organic fertiliser from time to time during summer. Widespread, often on coastal sands FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Crassula multicava Family: CRASSULACEAE COMMON NAMES: Fairy Crassula Attractive, pink and green rounded, succulent leaves, with flowers forming clouds of pink when planted en mass. Excellent for dry shade under mature trees or covered areas. In shaded areas Eastern Cape and Southern Natal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Crassula ovata 'Pink Joy' Family: CRASSULACEAE

Fast growing succulent, forming a large rounded shrub with a mass of star shaped flowers in winter. Very attractive plant for the rockery or as an accent plant for dry areas. Thrives on the occasional top dressing of organic compost. Also excellent container subject. On rocky slopes Eastern Cape to Natal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Crassula pellucida Family: CRASSULACEAE .Attractive succulent groundcover that thrives in moist shady areas, especially coastal forests. Leaves are light green, opposite with a smooth red tinged margin . Flowers star shaped in clusters, white tinged pink forming a cloud of soft pink under trees or over rocky south facing banks or walls. Very little maintenance needed. Excellent for hanging baskets. Common in moist, shady, coastal forests. Southern FLOWERING TIMES Cape local and widespread in SA J F M A M J J A S O N D Crassula pellucida ssp. brachypetala Family: CRASSULACEAE

Dense flat-growing succulent, with lime-green leaves. Flowers star-shaped white flushed with pink Varied, exposed grasslands, wet and dry shade. FLOWERING TIMES Eastern Cape to Kwazulu Natal J F M A M J J A S O N D Crassula pellucida ssp. marginalis Family: CRASSULACEAE

A densely compact succulent groundcover with neat, pale-green foliage rimmed with red. Low maintenance and easy to grow as a groundcover in shady or sunny areas On shady slopes widespread in the South Western FLOWERING TIMES and Eastern Cape to tropical Afric J F M A M J J A S O N D Crassula spathulata Family: CRASSULACEAE

A sprawling succulent. The leaves are rounded and toothed with a red tinge to the margin. The star-like, white to pinkish flowers are carried in clusters at the tips of the branches. Ideal as a ground cover in shade or sun. In nature, it occurs as a cliffhanger on rocky outcrops on coastal forest margins. Needs little maintenance unless used as a potplant where it will benefit from occasional trimming and feeding Forest margins, Knysna to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Crassula spathulata 'Variegated' Family: CRASSULACEAE

A prostrate succulent that should make a big impression! The foliage is green and gold with a pink edge and the stems are pinkish, making this a ground cover that will give year-round colour or an attractive pot plant. The starry little white flowers are an added attraction in autumn. Plant in sun or in light shade. Forest margins, Knysna to EC FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Delosperma cooperi *White Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE COMMON NAMES: Skaapvygie Summer flowering succulent with prostrate habit and small white to pale pink flowers. Plant in sunny position in sandy well drained medium and feed occasionally for improved growth. Free State and Lesotho FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Delosperma litorale Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE COMMON NAMES: Kalkklipvygie Tough spreading succulent groundcover, up to 15 cm, drought resistant, flowers whitish, coastal. Coastal Limstone Flats Bredasdorp to Port FLOWERING TIMES Elizabeth J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 68

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Delosperma lydenburgense Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE A free-flowering vygie that will bloom at odd times throughout the year. It has large, shimmering purple blooms and a cascading habit. Ideal for sunny slopes. Dry rocky areas, Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Delosperma virens Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Vygies are always delightful in spring, but this charming one never seems to stop flowering. The shiny magenta flowers are followed by reddish seed capsules which add to the texture and visual interest of the plant. A perfect candidate for rockeries, raised beds or mass plantings in full sun. Limestone hills, Riversdale, Mossel Bay FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Disphyma crassifolium Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

An excellent, succulent ground cover for coastal areas and saline soil. Creeping in habit, with pretty flowers ranging from white to pink in spring. Position in full sun or semi-shade. Coastal rocks just above the water mark and on FLOWERING TIMES edge of lagoons.Clanwilliam, Malmesbury, George J F M A M J J A S O N D to P. E. Drosanthemum barwickii Tough succulent shrub, up to 70cm, small leaves, flowers magenta Lower sandstone slopes. Langeberg mountains near Swellendam Drosanthemum floribundum Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Succulent, cushion-forming, prostrate. Totally covered with pale to dark pink flowers in spring. Flowers even more if given a dressing of organic fertiliser before flowering. Prune before flowering May/June and again after flowering to keep neat. Widespead in different habitats from Namaqualand FLOWERING TIMES to Eastern Cape J F M A M J J A S O N D Drosanthemum hispidum Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

A truly tough, pioneering vygie ideal for the driest conditions once it is settled in the ground. Bright magenta pink flowers sparkle in the spring. Dry parts of Southern Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Erepsia inclaudens Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Pretty, densely branched, vygie with red-tipped leaves and deep mauve, shiny flowers. Very unusual for this family is that it's flowers stay open in low light conditions! An excellent pot plant or unusual garden subject. Rock crevices. Du Toitskloof to Caledon FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: EUPHORBIACEAE Euphorbia burmanii COMMON NAMES: Lidjiesmelkos, Steenbokmelkbos A neat rounded, shrubby succulent shrub up to 500mm. The stems are green and cylindrical with no visible leaves. Flowers are yellow-green. Lovely all year owing to its unusual texture and attractive growth habit. Succulent karoo, West coast strandveld, variety of FLOWERING TIMES habitats J F M A M J J A S O N D Euphorbia enopla Family: EUPHORBIACEAE

Many-stemmed leafless shrub up to half a metre with numerous red spines which offset the lime-green of the stems. Ideal subjects for a succulent garden or can be used to create a small security fence. Little and Great Karoo, dry areas FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: EUPHORBIACEAE Euphorbia mauritanica COMMON NAMES: Yellow Milk-Bush, Beesmelkbos, Geelmelkbos This much-branched, leafless, shrub grows up to 1.5m with bright green succulent cylindrical stems. The flower heads are surrounded by glossy yellow lobes resembling petals. Widespread in South Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: EUPHORBIACEAE Euphorbia tirucalli COMMON NAMES: Rubber euphorbia, Kraalnaboom Succulent tree to about 6m and bigger with spreading crown. Cylindrical leaves have orange-pink colouration which has made them favourite garden subjects. Various habitats, valley bushveld on rocky FLOWERING TIMES outcrops, river courses, open savanna. Eastern J F M A M J J A S O N D Cape, KwaZulu-Natal to Ethiopia Gasteria bicolor Family: ASPHODELACEAE

Structural, aloe-like succulent with spotted leaves growing in a rosette up to 20cm. Reddish pink and green flowers are borne on graceful, long stems. Dry areas, under small bushes. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Jordaaniella dubia Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE COMMON NAMES: Matvygie Mat forming succulent with with cylindrical leaves and showy, bright butter yellow flowers in late summer through winter. It occurs naturally in sandy soils this is an excellent and unusual succulent for those hot dry spots near the coast. Feed in summer to promote more flowering and growth NW,SW,AP Elandsbaai to Mosselbaai, coastal FLOWERING TIMES sands. J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE Lampranthus amoenus COMMON NAMES: Darling Vygie Dense shrublet up to 40cm, Flowers shiny bright purple covering the entire bush Sandy flats, Malmesbury to Cape Peninsula FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Lampranthus aureus *Orange Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Succulent, ±40 cm, orange flowers in spring and grow and flower best in full sun .Top dress with organic fertilizer or 3:1:5 before flowering for best show and remove dead flowers to encourage longer flowering. Sandy, loamy soils, granite outcrops. Western Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Lampranthus coralliflorus Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

This vygie is one of the most attractive species. It can grow up o 60cm and produces large, open flowers which are cyclamen-pink to mauve. Valley Bushveld, Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE Lampranthus spp. COMMON NAMES: Vygies A genus of tough succulent groundcovers and small shrubs. The different species have delicate flowers in a variety of luminous bright colours, giving a spectacular show in spring. Dry areas, South Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Malephora crocea var. crocea Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

A free-flowering, vygie-like plant with sparkling orange-bronze flowers at odd times of the year, but especially in spring. Sandy flats in the Northern Cape Province FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Oscularia caulescens Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Neat compact succulent up to 30cm. Stems pinky red and leaves grey, flowers pink. Rocky outcrops, Western Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Oscularia deltoides Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE COMMON NAMES: Grotvygie Rounded, neat, sprawling succulent to 20cm with reddish branches. The leaves are silver-grey with toothed margins. Pink flowers crown this unusual vygie-like plant in summer. Sandstone rocks, under rock overhangs and cave FLOWERING TIMES entrances, Du Toitskloof and Langeberg mountains J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: ASTERACEAE Othonna capensis COMMON NAMES: Bobbejaankool Attractive low growing succulent with grey green, fleshy, rolled leaves and yellow daisy like flowers. Excellent edging or rockery plant for very dry areas. Top dress with organic or chemical fertilizer in spring for best show and remove dead flowers to encourage longer flowering. George to Eastern Cape, dry rocky flats. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Othonna dentata Family: ASTERACEAE

Grey foliage with a wavy margin and clusters of dainty, daisy-like, yellow flowers make this succulent shrublet a worthwhile garden plant. The attractive foliage lends itself well to potplant display on sunny patio's. Peninsula to Stilbaai, Rocky outcrops FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus aliciae (=P. madagascariensis) Family: LABIATAE

Stalwart succulent groundcover for dry shady areas, leaves hairy and strongly aromatic. Flowers white to purple. Dry forest and bush, George to Tropical Afrca FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus aliciae 'Variegated' (=P. madagascariensis var.) Family: LAMIACEAE

An attractive, variegated form with white, gold and occaional touches of pink in the foliage. Good for planting under trees or in hanging baskets. Shade loving, but does well in sun if watered regularly and fed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser. Dry forest and bush George to PE to Tropical Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus neochilus Family: LAMIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Spur Flower Semi-succulent grey leaves and pretty blue flowers all year. Neat habit and low maintenance make this a superb landscaping plant for any position except very wet areas. Eastern Cape to KZN, Mpumalanga and Limpopo, FLOWERING TIMES dry thicket, open and rocky woodland. J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus spicatus Family: LAMIACEAE

This succulent herb grows to 70cm tall, produces purple flowers and grows in sunny and semi-shady exposures. It is very well suited for succulent or bushveld gardens, but also thrives as a pot plant. Eastern Cape to Mpumalanga, dry, shaded areas FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Plectranthus strigosus (=P. lucidus) Family: LAMIACEAE Very flat-growing plectranthus with small, light-green, undulate leaves and tiny white flowers. Does best in light shade and as a groundcover under trees. A good choice for edging along beds or shady paths. Prefers a loamy well drained medium. Feed with organic fertiliser occasionally and water during dry periods for best results. Eastern Cape to Mumalanga, dry shaded areas FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus thunbergii (=P. verticillatus) Family: LAMIACEAE

Lush foliage with a silvery blotch in the centre of each leaf, purplish stems and spikes of white flowers combine to make this a charming ground cover. Plant in areas which do not get hot afternoon sun, or in day long shade. The plant has no unusual requirements, but like all plants, gives its best when it is watered in dry weather and given fertiliser in summer. Knysna to Tropical Africa, semi-shaded rocky sites. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: PORTULACACEAE Portulacaria afra COMMON NAMES: Elephant's food, Spekboom Thick, rounded succulent leaves and stems, excellent in pots or for dry areas. Leaves edible, sour good for salads. Plants have many uses - hedging, screens, fodder, bonsai and rockery plant. Needs little water but thrives on applications of organic high nitrogen fertilizer. Klein Karoo, E. Cape, widespread in dry areas FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Portulacaria afra 'Aurea' Family: PORTULACACEAE

Similar to Portulacaria afra, but the foliage is an attractive golden colour. Tends to have a more prostrate habit, good rockery plant. Needs little water but thrives on applications of organic high nitrogen fertilizer. Selectio of P. afra FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Portulacaria afra 'Big Leaf ' Family: PORTULACACEAE

An interesting form with leaves 3 times larger than the common P. afra, very showy, excellent in pots or for dry areas. Leaves edible, sour good for salads. Plants have many uses - hedging, screens, fodder, bonsai and rockery plant. Needs little water but thrives on applications of organic high nitrogen fertilizer. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Portulacaria afra 'Prostrate' Family: PORTULACACEAE

Similar to Portulacaria afra but with a creeping prostrate habit. Drought tolerant, makes an excellent ground cover in harsh dry areas. Leaves edible, sour, good for salads. Needs little water but thrives on applications of organic high nitrogen fertilizer. P. afra selectio FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Portulacaria afra 'Tricolor' Family: PORTULACACEAE Thick, rounded succulent leaves with pretty pink and cream variegation and pinkish stems. Excellent for pots or to plant in dry areas in full sun. Edible leaves have a high vitamin C content and add a fresh, tart flavour to salads. Needs little care, but does best when given organic fertilizer during summer when actively growing. Selection of P. afra FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ruschia bina (=Antimima bina) Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Succulent, attractive, mat-forming ground cover with small pink flowers. Ideal between paving and as edging of dry beds and rockeries. Needs little water but thrives on applications of organic high nitrogen fertilizer occasionally. Malmesbury and Clanwilliam. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE Ruschia karooica COMMON NAMES: Karoo Vygie A lovely, low-growing succulent with curiously textured foliage and pink vygie flowers in spring. The foliage alone makes this a worthwhile groundcover for hot, dry or exposed areas. Attractive as a rockery specimen or tough patio plant. Southern Great Karoo, near Matjiesfontein FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ruschia macowanii Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Sprawling shrublet grows up to a height of 25cm, but spreading to 50cm across or more. The flowers stand in clusters, are rose to purple, the outer petals having a central dark stripe. Coastal rocks of the Western Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ruschia maxima Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Thick leaved, structural succulent, tall ±50 cm, with pink flowers in summer . Excellent for dry and coastal gardens, in rockeries or clay pots. Needs little water but thrives on applications of organic high nitrogen fertilizer. Western Cape in dry Fynbos. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ruschia radicans Family: MESEMBRYANTHEMACEAE

Dense flat-growing succulent, covered in ligh-pink flowers in spring. Loves to cascade over rocky slopes and grows easily almost anywhere. Coastal areas in the Western Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: DRACAENACEAE Sansevieria hyacinthoides COMMON NAMES: Wildewortel This forest plant is an ideal subject for low-maintenance plantings under trees or as a hardy pot plant. The flat, dark green, succulent leaves have paler markings. It is particularly pretty when in flower, the tall inflorescence carries greenish white to pale mauve, lightly scented blooms. The orange berries which follow the flowers are an additional attraction. E.Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASCLEPIADACEAE Sarcostemma viminale COMMON NAMES: Melktou An interesting, grey-green, leafless succulent scrambling shrub to 50cm tall. Yellow flowers in dense umbels, sweetly fragrant. Plant in full sun in well drained soil. Very drought and frost tolerant. Useful for bank stabalization. Arid bush on stony shale slopes. Clanwilliam FLOWERING TIMES through Little Karoo to Arabia, India to Australia J F M A M J J A S O N D Senecio ficoides Family: ASTERACEAE

This versatile succulent has finger-like leaves that are thick and silver-grey. It makes a very modern statement as a potplant or as a strong accent in any type of garden. The daisy-like yellow flowers are so delicate as to seem incongruous on the tough succulent shrub. W.Cape - Huisrivierberg and Swartberg mts FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Senecio radicans COMMON NAMES: Baboon Toes, Bobbejaantoontjies Trailing succulent forming dense matted colonies. Leaves shiny and banana-shaped. Flowers insignificant white or puple, fragrant. Rocky outcrops on flats and hills, Southern Namibia toSaldanha and Eastern Cape Family: ASTERACEAE

FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

Senecio rowleyanus Family: ASTERACEAE COMMON NAMES: String-of-pearls Clump-forming succulent groundcover, leaves are bright green and pea-shaped. Flowers insignificant. Popular worldwide in hanging basket on patios where they form long `strings of pearls" Shade of fine-leaved karroid shrubs FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Tetragonia decumbens Family: AIZOACEAE

Sprawling groundcover with long branches. Leaves lance-shaped glistening and flowers yellow. Easily grown as a pioneer plant to rehabilitate dunes Coastal dunes. From Southern Namibia to Eastern FLOWERING TIMES Cape J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Succulents

Family: AIZOACEAE Tetragonia fruticosa COMMON NAMES: Kinkelbossie Tough coastal succulent, climbing or trailing through bush or as a groundcover on dunes. Bears yellowish flowers and the fruits that follow them have stiff wings. Namaqualand to Clanwillaiam to Port Elizabeth. FLOWERING TIMES Granite or sandstone slopes. J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ZYGOPHYLLACEAE Zygophyllum morgsana (=Roepera morgsana) COMMON NAMES: Skilpadbos Succulent, tall growing with a profusion of cheerful open yellow flowers, followed by attractive winged seeds. Excellent for coastal gardens - tolerates very harsh conditions. Prune to shape and feed occasionally for lush growth. Important constituent of revegetation mix. Clanwilliam to P. E.. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Climbers

Family: ASPARAGACEAE Asparagus plumosus COMMON NAMES: Asparagus Fern Traditionally used as an indoor potplant this beautiful Asparagus fern with its fine and delicate foliage is also useful for cut foliage in flower arrangements and corsages. It can be planted in dark and dry areas in the garden (Dry Shade). Can be cut back to the ground to encourage new foliage and responds well to occasional feeding with rich compost or high nitrogen fertilizer. Grows easily in any soil. Eastern Cape, KZN, Mozambique FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MENISPERMACEAE Cissampelos capensis COMMON NAMES: Dawidjies A sprawling or climbing shrublet with silvery leaves. Grow as a drought tolerant ground cover or as a fastgrowing, twining climber. Western Karoo to Port Elizabeth. Sandy slopes in scrub FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RANUNCULACEAE Clematis brachiata COMMON NAMES: Klimop Attractive, delicate looking but vigorous climber, bears masses of fragrant, creamy flowers in summer. Good for containers, pergolas or against fences. Needs a sunny, sheltered position and does best if watered and fed with organic fertiliser or 3:1:5 before flowering. Widespread: occurs in most provinces FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: APOCYNACEAE Cynanchum ellipticum COMMON NAMES: Monkey Rope, Bobbejaantou A very vigorous and fast growing climber ideal for covering wire fences. The foliage is glossy, and the tiny, greenish-white flowers are sweetly scented. Give it enough space for its exuberant growth. Thrives with little care and attention. W.Cape, E.Cape (George to Mozambique) Coastal FLOWERING TIMES bush J F M A M J J A S O N D Cyphostemma woodii COMMON NAMES: Hairy Grape Bush, Bobbejaandruif Dense shrub or climber with swollen stem base. Succulent hand-shaped leaves. Hot exposed rock surfaces. Family: VITACEAE

FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

Dipogon lignosus Family: FABACEAE COMMON NAMES: wilde-ertjie A cheerfull addition to any garden. This robust and showy creeper with large 3 lobed leaves and big bright pink pea shaped flowers lovely up trelisses or scrambling down banks and over fences. Plant in full sun or semi shaded position, the wild pea enjoys a good mulch and regular feeding to really thrive. Can be cut back hard. Coastal scrub and forest marjins FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 77

Climbers

Jasminum angulare Family: OLEACEAE Beautiful climber often covered in clouds of fragrant white flowers, can be used as a ground cover, in a shrub border or up pergolas and fences. Fairly drought resistant but benefits from the occasional application of rich compost or 3:1:5 fertilizer and water during the growing season. E. Cape to KZN and Mphumalanga. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Jasminum multipartitum 'Creeping Form' Family: OLEACEAE

This form is preferable for training over fences, pergolas, car-ports, etc. as it has a much faster growing, more lax habit. Grow in full sun, in well-drained compost-rich soil. Prune after flowering to keep neat. E.Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: BIGNONIACEAE Podranea ricasoliana COMMON NAMES: Port St Johns Creeper Trusses of large, trumpet shaped, showy pink flowers make this one of SA's most beautifull indigenous climbers. If supported well makes an ideal cover for carports or shade over a sunny stoep trellis. Plant in compost rich, well drained soil and water well in summer, needs less water in winter. Drought resistant once established. Responds well to feeding and pruning to keep in shape. Full sun o se shade. E. Cape to Southern KZN forest margins FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: VITACEAE Rhoicissus digitata COMMON NAMES: Bobbejaandruif Vigorous, glossy climber with trifoliate leaves occasionally bright red. Excellent for pergolas or as ground cover. Shiny black berries loved by birds. Happy in sun or shade. Needs a well-drained position. Responds well to applications of organic fertiliser or 2:3:2. Swellendam to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Rhoicissus tomentosa Family: VITACEAE COMMON NAMES: Bosdruif Attractive, large round showy leaves with edible grape-like berries loved by birds. Fast growing in sun or semi shade on pergolas or as a dense ground cover. Responds well to applications of organic fertiliser or 2:3:2 and regular watering. Peninsula to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Rhoicissus tridentata Family: VITACEAE COMMON NAMES: Wildedruif Strong branched climber with decorative, serrated, grass green leaves, can be trained into a large shrub. Produces fleshy, red to black fruits, loved by birds. Ideal for pergolas or as a groundcover for large shady areas, a worthy indoor foliage pot plant if kept in trim. Responds well to applications of organic fertiliser or 2:3:2 and regular watering. Riversdale to Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 78

Climbers

Family: ASTERACEAE Senecio macroglossus COMMON NAMES: Flowering Ivy An attractive neat climber or groundcover with shiny ivy shaped leaves and cheerful lemon yellow daisy flowers. Plant in sunny or semi shade well drained position and prune back after winter and feed and water regularly for lush growth and more flowers. E. Cape, KZN and Mphumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Senecio quinquelobus Family: ASTERACEAE

Semi-succulent climber with bright yellow compound flower heads. Excellent for south facing coastal banks, prefers a well drained medium. Water well to establish but little maintenance thereafter, can be given slow release organic or 3:1:5 fertilizer for lush growth. W. Cape to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Senecio quinquelobus 'Variegated' Family: ASTERACEAE

Easy to grow, this water wise groundcover or climber will brighten up any shady spot with its striking, broad, creamy variegated leaves. They have an almost frilly look because of their deeeply dentate margins. When in flower, with its clusters of yellow daisy like blooms it is a show stopper! Respods well to feeding and pruning to shape. Dry shade coastal areas FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Senecio tamoides COMMON NAMES: Canary Creeper Fast-growing with glossy leaves. Masses of yellow flowers in autumn - very showy. Plant in sunny or semi-shade well drained position and feed and water regularly for lush growth and more flowers. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Thunbergia alata *Fire Red Family: ACANTHACEAE

This pretty selection of the much-loved 'Black-eyed Susan', is a deep apricot-orange fading to red and black at the throat. Feed regularly for vigorous growth and flowering. KZN, Swaziland and Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Thunbergia alata *Yellow Family: ACANTHACEAE COMMON NAMES: Black-eyed Susan This pretty form of Black-eyed Susan has large, sunflower yellow flowers with black eye all year, fast grower, very decorative as a ground cover, climber or hanging basket subject. Trim to encourage more flowering shoots and feed and water regularly for best results. 15cm pot without trellis and 16cm pot with trellis. KZN, Swaziland and Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Shrubs & small trees

Family: MALVACEAE Abutilon sonneratianum COMMON NAMES: Wildemalva This highly ornamental shrub has large, showy flowers that are a rich butter-yellow, and the foliage is velvety, the leaves being heart-shaped. The seed pods are also ornamental. A showy plant that creates a lush, tropical effect. It is found in nature along forest margins and in disturbed bush areas. Forest margins and bush, especially disturbed FLOWERING TIMES places. Bredasdorp and little Karoo to Zimbabwe. J F M A M J J A S O N D Anisodontea capensis 'Pink Carpet' Family: MALVACEAE

Exciting, flat growing form of A. capensis. Makes an excellent container subject or ground cover, especially for coastal gardens. Must be watered regularly and fed with slow release chemical or organic 3:1:5 for ultimate results. Prune to encourage flowering and keep neat. Mossel Bay FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Anisodontea scabrosa Family: MALVACEAE

Cheerful shrub, 1-2m, covered with open, bright pink flowers all year. Responds well to pruning, making a good standard or topiary subject. Needs a sunny, well drained position but tolerates light shade. Water regularly and feed with slow release chemical or organic 3:1:5 for ultimate results. Saldahna, Peninsula to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Arctotis acaulis *Pink COMMON NAMES: Botterblom Fast growing and effective as ground covers, spilling over walls or a dry bank. Excellent for coastal gardens, they have silver-grey leaves and produce a dazzling display of huge pink daisy-like flowers from late winter to summer. Feed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser for best results. Nieuwoudtville, sandy flats & lower slopes. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Artemesia afra Family: ASTERACEAE COMMON NAMES: Wormwood, Wildeals One of South Africa's most useful herbs, this plant is also a pretty garden subject. The foliage is silver, feathery and fern-like and the growth form is comparable to the common daisy bush. It rewards regular trimming with a cloud of silver foliage. If it becomes leggy it can be cut relatively hard to rejuvinate. The leaves can be infused as a tea for colds, flu, fevers and stomach disorders. Grow in full sun. Tolerates drought and most soils, but growth is lusher if regularly watered. Cedarberg Mts to tropical Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Shrubs & small trees

Athanasia dentata Family: ASTERACEAE Decorative, stiffly upright, branches of rich green foliage proudly carry bright, golden yellow honeyscented flowerheads on their ends during spring to midsummer. Longlasting scented cutflowers loved by birds and butterflies alike. Excellent water wise shrub, ideal for sandy coastal gardens. They respond extremely well to pruning especially after flowering but have a naturally neat shape. Applications of organic or other general fertilizer and mulching are well received. Western & Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Athanasia parviflora (=A. crithmifolia) COMMON NAMES: Coulter Bush, Kouterbos A tall shrub with fine grey leaves and striking bright yellow flowers in summer. Good coastal plant, wind and drought resistant. Plant in full sun, prune back hard after flowering, good fynbos component. Benefits from regular feeding and watering. Clanwilliam to Peninsula and Worcester to FLOWERING TIMES Montague. J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: SALVADORACEAE Azima tetracantha COMMON NAMES: Byangelbos A dense and thorny shrub which would be even more effective than barbed wire when used as a security planting. The spines are carried in fours and a prick from them stings and burns unpleasantly. The growth habit is dense and scrambling. The flowers are insignificant and are followed by creamy-coloured berries. In folk medicine, the sap is used as a disinfectant. Plant in sun and feed with organic fertilizer or 3:1:5 for rapid growth. Cape Infanta to tropical Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Barleria obtusa *Blue Family: ACANTHACEAE

A profusion of striking blue flowers produced in autumn, ±1m. Fast growing, suitable for coastal gardens or easily cultivated in a variety of conditions. Prune hard after flowering, water regularly and feed with slow release chemical or organic 3:1:5 especially before flowering. E.Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Barleria obtusa *Pink Family: ACANTHACEAE

Striking pink flowers in autumn. Fast growing, suitable for coastal gardens or easily cultivated in a variety of conditions. Prune hard after flowering, water regularly and feed with slow release chemical or organic 3:1:5 especially before flowering. E. Cape to Gauteng FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Shrubs & small trees

Bauhinia galpinii Family: FABACEAE Sprawling, handsome shrub to ±2m high with 3-4m spread, masses of large orange flowers in autumn making a striking display, followed by large pods. Excellent screen / hedge and planted with effect on road verges and along highways, very low maintenance, tolerates poor soil well . Plant in well drained sunny position. N. Natal, Swaziland and Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ACANTHACEAE Brillantaisia subulugurica COMMON NAMES: Giant Salvia A very showy plant with large dark green leaves. Height ±1.5m. Grows vigorously and produces long spikes of pretty, giant blue salvia like flowers in summer. Plant in protected position with full sun for part of the day to flower well. Prune hard after flowering, water regularly and feed with slow release chemical or organic 3:1:5 especially before flowering. Zimbabwe and tropical Africa. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: BUDDLEJACEAE Buddleja auriculata COMMON NAMES: Weeping Sage Fast growing, graceful shrub, ±2m with glossy leaves and sweetly scented cream/orange flowers. Prune to keep neat, water regularly and feed with slow release chemical or organic fertilizer 3:1:5 for ultimate results. E. Cape,KZN to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: BUDDLEJACEAE Buddleja glomerata COMMON NAMES: Karoo Sage Tall shrub or small tree with large, softly textured silver foliage and yellow flowers in terminal panicles. This is one of the most beautiful grey leafed plants and can be used to good effect in landscaping. Easy to cultivate, it tolerates drought and other harsh conditions equally well. However, it thrives if fed and watered regularly. Karoo: N., W. and E. Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Buddleja salviifolia Family: BUDDLEJACEAE COMMON NAMES: Sagewood, Wildesalie Scented, lilac flowers from winter to spring. Large, attractive greyish green leaves distinctly wrinkled and puckered above. Large shrub, 2-4m makes an attractive, versatile garden subject which has many medicinal uses. Easy to cultivate, it tolerates drought and other harsh conditions equally well. However, it thrives if fed and watered regularly. Widespread. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Shrubs & small trees

Family: RUBIACEAE Burchellia bubalina COMMON NAMES: Wild Pomegranate, Wildegranaat Very ornamental small tree or large shrub which grows on forest margins. It has glossy leaves and showy bunches of large bright red pomegranite-like flowers. Shade loving, makes a good container plant and responds well to regular watering and feeding with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer, clip to shape. Hates wet feet! Swellendam to KZN and Limpopo. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: BUXACEAE Buxus macowanii COMMON NAMES: Cape Box Closely resembling the European box, with its shiny, leathery green leaves and slow habit, this South African version could be used for the same purposes - topiary and hedges. Found in warm valleys near the sea and on coastal dunes. An attractive container plant. Easy to cultivate, it tolerates drought well, but thrives if fed and watered regularly. E. Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: APOCYNACEAE Carissa bispinosa COMMON NAMES: Num-num, Noemnoem Fast growing, ±1m, glossy, dark green foliage with clusters of sweetly scented white flowers, small red berries - thorny. A better choice than C. macrocarpa for Cape gardens. Very adaptable and drought resistant, however it thrives if fed and watered regularly. Responds well to pruning and makes a good bonzai subject. W.Cape, N. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: APOCYNACEAE Carissa haematocarpa COMMON NAMES: Karoo Num-num, Koaroonoemnoem A no-nonsense Carissa widespread in the Cape Karoo . Thorny with hard, thick, olive green leaves and stems it can form an impenetrable barrier especially if combined with C. bispinosa, Maytenus heterophylla and Scutia. Bears starry white, heavily scented flowers followed by edible black fruits loved by birds. Applications of organic fertilizer and water during dry periods encourage faster growth . Good bonzai subject. NW,KM, SE, (Worster to Port Elizabeth, Karoo and FLOWERING TIMES S Namibia) J F M A M J J A S O N D Carissa macrocarpa Family: APOCYNACEAE COMMON NAMES: Natal Num-num, Natalnoemnoem Attractive dense thorny shrub, 1-2m high, which makes it a good security hedge. Large white scented flowers and big red edible berries. Plant in well drained sunny position, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly for fastest growth. E.Cape to KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Shrubs & small trees

Carissa macrocarpa 'Green Carpet' Family: APOCYNACEAE This low growing form of Carissa macrocarpa forms a tough ground cover with beautiful scented starry white flowers in summer followed by edible red berries. Low maintenance, planted extensively along roads and around shopping malls - optimum growth is achieved if you feed with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly. Grows well in sun or shade Cultivar FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Chrysanthemoides incana COMMON NAMES: Bietou Smaller, daintier version of C. monilifera. Small silver leaves which contrast well with the bright yellow flowers. Good garden subject - prune to keep neat and feed and water regularly for lush growth and flowers, excellent low maintenance coastal plant used extensively in revegetation work. Clanwilliam, Peninsula to Bredasdorp. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Chrysanthemoides monilifera COMMON NAMES: Bietou Large hardy shrub, ±1-2m, with yellow flowers. This is a pioneer species, providing shade and shelter for slower growing, longer living trees such as yellow-woods and milkwoods. Tough and fast growing, this useful plant brings birds and cheer to the garden. They thrive and grow even faster if mulched well and watered until settled. Widespread in S. W. Cape. And E.Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Clerodendrum ugandense (=Rotheca myricoides cv. 'Ugandense') Family: VERBENACEAE

Strikingly beautiful shrub with heavenly blue, butterfly-like flowers and attractive foliage, ±1,5m. Prune to shape, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly for more flowers. Plant in sunny well drained position. Tropical Africa. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Clutia daphnoides Family: EUPHORBIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Gewone bliksembos Tough but attractive shrub especially useful as a low to medium screen or hedge. Leaves a vibrant lime green enhanced by the clusters of greenish yellow flowers. Trim to shape, feed in spring and autumn with organic fertilizer and compost for a real treat and rewarding results. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Colpoon compressum (=Osyris compressa) Family: SANTALACEAE COMMON NAMES: Pruimbas Typical of coastal scrub, widespread, this tough small tree or large shrub has a neat growth habit, thick leathery grey green leaves and dark red to black berries loved by birds. Cedarberg to P. E. to Tvl. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 84

Shrubs & small trees

Family: FABACEAE Crotalaria capensis COMMON NAMES: Cape Rattle-pod, Geelkeurtjie A much branched shrub or small tree producing showy spikes of yellow pea flowers, attracts sunbirds. Prune lower branches to form a standard or small tree or pinch back growing tips to form bushy shrub. Easy to cultivate, it tolerates drought and other harsh conditions equally well but thrives if fed and watered regularly. W. and N. Cape to KZN and Limpopo. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ARALIACEAE Cussonia thyrsiflora COMMON NAMES: Coastal Cabbage Tree, Kuskiepersol First time in cultivation commercially!!! A wonderful addition to our range of showy coastal "form" plants. This plant makes an excellent pot plant indoors or out, prune to bush. Not fussy about soil but mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth . Needs a sunny or semi shade, well drained, sheltered position. Penninsula to Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ACANTHACEAE Duvernoia aconitifolia COMMON NAMES: Lemon Pistol Bush Beautiful glossy leaves and masses of tiny, creamy yellow flowers make this a very handsome plant for shady areas. This plant is relatively water wise and does well under large shade trees. The two lipped flowers attract sunbirds all summer and are followed by velvety brown fruits. Plant in good compost enriched soil and water well to establish, feed occasionally with an organic slow release fertilizer or topdress with manure. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Duvernoia adhatodoides Family: ACANTHACEAE COMMON NAMES: Pistol Bush Fast growing, large shrub with large, dark, glossy green leaves and fragrant showy clusters of orchid-like white flowers. Thrives in light to deep shade, moist position with good compost rich soil. An attractive container plant if fed with slow release chemical 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser, pruned and watered regularly. E. Cape and S. Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Dyschoriste fischeri Family: ACANTHACEAE

This NP NUGGET is a neat, attractive small to medium shrub for sunny beds. An unusual and most attractive feature is the viridian colour of its flowers which appear in profusion summer through to late autumn. Thrives if planted in compost rich soil and wtered well in summer. Cut back to keep neat and mulch or feed regularly with an organic fertilizer for best results. Mixed bush and open woodland in four Northern FLOWERING TIMES provinces of SA. J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: ACANTHACEAE Dyschoriste thunbergiiflora COMMON NAMES: Purple Bells A fast growing, colourful solution for those moist shady spots. Growing up to 1,2m it has handsome lush foliage and very showy large blue - purple tubular flowers. Loves water, but quite drought tolerant. Thrives if fed with organic or chemical slow release fertilizer. Prune to keep shape and keep neat. Striking choice for cement or clay containers. Kenya FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: BORAGINACEAE Ehretia rigida COMMON NAMES: Cape Lilac, Deurmekaarbos A beautiful plant with glossy dark green leaves and bunches of scented lilac flowers in summer followed by red berries. Happy in a sunny, well drained spot, one of the few exceptions of indigenous plants in that it requires only light dressings of compost. Prune lower branches to form a small flowering tree or trim into a multistemmed, rounded shrub. Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Elytropappus rhinocerostis COMMON NAMES: Renosterbos Silvery grey, woolly shrub up to 2m tall, with whip-like branches and triangular, scale-like leaves. It is the primary component of the Renosterveld. Tolerates harsh drought and poor soils. Plant in sun in welldrained soil. Dry shale, sandstone slopes and flats FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Eriocephalus africanus COMMON NAMES: Wild Rosemary, Kapokbossie Fragrant, soft grey leaves with white flowers - excellent coastal plant up to 1m tall. Silvery foliage good colour contrast for landscaping effect, needs a sunny spot, feed occasionally with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer and prune to keep neat . A good substitute for conventional rosemary in cooking and potporri. Drought resistant, frost hardy. S. W. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Eriocephalus racemosus Family: ASTERACEAE COMMON NAMES: Kapkopie Tall, robust shrub, soft silver grey foliage and fluffy seed heads make it a handsome contrast plant in mixed borders especially for windy coastal gardens. Quite a neat plant, prune only if needed. Needs a well-drained sunny position. Occasional feeding will boost growth, flowering and vigor. Dunes and sandy lower slopes coastal FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: ASTERACEAE Euryops pectinatus COMMON NAMES: Wolharpuisbos Showy, medium shrub covered with cheerful yellow daisy flowers all year. Prune back hard to keep neat. Thrives if fed with 3:1:5 slow release chemical or organic fertiliser and if watered during dry spells. Plant in well drained sunny position, but tolerates light shade for all or part of the day. Piketberg to Peninsula. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Euryops 'Sunshine Classic' Family: ASTERACEAE

Sunny bright yellow daisy flowers on vigorous, medium height plants can be used in so many ways ; low hedges, borders or in groups for solid colour. Dead heading encourages flowering and the plant is easily shaped. Thrives if fed with 3:1:5 slow release chemical or organic fertilizer and if watered during dry spells. Plant in well drained sunny position. Cultivar FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Euryops 'Sunshine Classic Fine' Family: ASTERACEAE

Sunny bright yellow daisy flowers on vigorous, medium height plants can be used in so many ways ; low hedges, borders or in groups for solid colour. Leaves more finely divided and bushes smaller and neater than E. 'Sunshine Classic'. Dead heading encourages flowering and the plant is easily shaped. Thrives if fed with 3:1:5 slow release chemical or organic fertilizer and if watered during dry spells. Plant in well drained sunny position. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Euryops 'Variegated' Family: ASTERACEAE

Colourful golden and white variegated foliage with the bonus of rich yellow flowers typical of the genus make this addition to our range a sure winner. Year-round colour is always in demand! Plant in full sun, and feed from time to time with organic or other fertilizer. Trim to shape. Sport FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Euryops virgineus Family: ASTERACEAE COMMON NAMES: Honey Euryops, Rivierharpuisbos Medium, erect shrub with fine foliage and profusion of yellow flowers in spring - prune after flowering. Prefers a sun to semi-shade position. Thrives if fed with 3:1:5 slow release chemical or organic fertiliser and if watered during dry spells. Plant in well drained sunny position. Bredasdorp to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: ASTERACEAE Felicia filifolia COMMON NAMES: Draaibossie Dainty woody perennial, needle like foliage covered in attractive blue daisies with showy bright yellow centers during late summer. Best planted in groups of five or more. Prune to keep neat and promote flowering and feed with 3:1:5 slow release chemical or organic fertilizer especially in spring before flowering and water during dry spells. Plant in well drained sunny position, wind resistant. Niewoudtville to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE Freylinia lanceolata COMMON NAMES: Heuningklokkiesbos Graceful shrub or small tree with slender, drooping, willow-like habit. Masses of tubular, golden yellow, honey scented flowers produced all year. Thrives in moist conditions, prune out lower branches to form a small tree or tip to form neat large shrub. Plant in a sunny spot and water and feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser for best results. Widespread in the Cape province along stream FLOWERING TIMES banks J F M A M J J A S O N D Freylinia tropica *Blue Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

An evergreen, erect growing shrub, with shiny leaves and showy dark blue flowers. Reaches a height of 3m makes an attractive hedge or topiary subject. Prune to shape and promote flowering and feed with 3:1:5 slow release chemical or organic fertiliser especially before flowering and water during dry spells. Plant in well drained sunny or semi-shade position. Gauteng and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE Freylinia tropica *White COMMON NAMES: Nyanga Hedge plant An evergreen, erect growing shrub, with shiny leaves and showy white flowers almost all year. Reaches a height of 3m makes an attractive hedge or topiary subject. Prune to shape, mulch generously, water regularly and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer for best results. Gauteng, Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Freylinia visserii Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE

An exceptionally attractive Freylinia with purple/maroon long, tube shaped flowers in clusters during summer. Extinct in nature. Likes a sunny well drained position. Prune hard in winter and feed before flowering. Good for containers & sandy coastal gardens. Piketberg. Extinct in the wild. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: THYMELAEACEAE Gnidia oppositifolia COMMON NAMES: White Gnidia This soft, willowy Gnidia has performed impressively: a worthwile garden and landscaping plant. It responds well to hard pruning, has soft, silky, fresh green foliage with lime-green new growth. Grows well in a variety of positions and soil types. Produces masses of soft, pale yellow flowers in spring. Grow either as a tall shrub (±2m) or prune to form a compact border or container plant. For prime results feed with organic fertilizer or slow release 3:1:5 and water regularly. Du Toitskloof to Palmiet River Mountains FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Gnidia squarrosa *Yellow Family: THYMELAEACEAE

This very attractive shrub has a rounded form and is very free-flowering. Round clusters of light gold blooms adorn this plant from spring through summer and occasionally in winter too. The fine textured leaves and yellow blooms combine well and it can be used to create a softening, tranquil effect. It tolerates regular clipping, poor soils and drought. Trim lightly and feed regularly for rewarding results. Peninsula to P. E. and E. Cape, coastal limestone FLOWERING TIMES areas. Free State J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: BUDDLEJACEAE Gomphostigma virgatum COMMON NAMES: River Stars, Otterbossie Attractive perennial with narrow grey-green leaves on erect branches and pretty, scented white flowers in summer not unlike the exotic Gaura in growth habit and garden suitability. Naturally occurs along water courses. It thrives if fed with slow release organic or 3:1:5 fertilizer and watered reularly. Throughout Southern Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: TILIACEAE Grewia occidentalis COMMON NAMES: Cross Berry, Kruisbessie Dense coastal shrub 2-3m high, with lovely large pink flowers. Vigorous grower, prune to keep neat, form a good hedge, screen or small tree. Very useful as pioneer species. Can be fed with slow release 2:3:2 organic or chemical fertilizer and watered regularly for optimum growth. Very drought tolerant once established. Best in sun or light shade. Peninsula to KZN. Widespread elsewhere. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Grewia robusta Family: TILIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Buttonwood, Kruisbessie Tough and beautiful this Grewia is very similar to G. occidentalis except much more compact and floriferous. Bears masses of showy pink plowers in summer. Excellent bonsai subject or specimum shrub, also attractive planted as a small, tough hedge or grouped in the mixed border. Extremely drought tolerant. Feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser especially before flowering for best results. Eastern Cape thicket FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: CELASTRACEAE Gymnosporia nemorosa COMMON NAMES: White Forest Spike-thorn, Witobospendoring A great new find, resembles the exotic Berberis with redish purple leave and prickly throns! Occurs naturally in coastal forest margins and wooded hill slopes. Ideal for contrast colour in mixed borders or trimmed as a security hedge and to attract birds - they can't resisit the reddish fruits! The clusters of tiny creamy flowers are pretty too. Although drought tolerant - it will benefit from extra watering and feeding, especially during establishment. Evergreen forest, forest margins, wooded hill FLOWERING TIMES slopes coastal areas J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE Halleria elliptica COMMON NAMES: Notsung Beautiful shrub with purple leaves in winter that contrast well with dark red, tubular flowers. Fast growing, drought resistant, but responds well to regular watering and feeding with slow release 3:1:5 organic or chemical fertilizer . Good pot subject as it flowers for most of the year. Prune to keep neat. Worcester , Tulbagh to Swellendam. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Helichrysum dasyanthum Family: ASTERACEAE

Erect, spreading shrublet with beautiful, soft grey foliage contrasting well with large mustard yellow flowerheads in summer. Trim regularly especially after flowering to form a neat compact groundcover or border srub. Plant in well drained, sunny position and feed regularly with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser for best results. coastal and mountain slopes, Cape West Coast, FLOWERING TIMES Cape peninsula, Klein Karoo, Karoo and Southern J F M A M J J A S O N D Cape Hemizygia obermeyerae Family: LAMIACEAE

Tall, showy shrub ±1,5m absolutely covered in pink flowers all summer. Frost hardy and does equally well in shade or sun. Likes a well drained position, feed with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer and water regularly in spring and summer for best results, prune hard after flowering - treat like a Hydrangea. Gauteng Province FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Hermannia depressa Family: STERCULIACEAE

Flat-growing, cascading ground covers are always in demand, and this pretty little plant fits the bill in every way. Masses of gorgeous, deep pink, pendulous flowers rise above the leaves on compact flower stems almost all summer long. Perfect to grow in rockeries or as an edging plant in beds, it will also do well between stepping stones in sunny spots. All provinces FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: STERCULIACEAE Hermannia hyssopifolia COMMON NAMES: Pokkiesblom Branched shrublet with puffed, balloon-shaped yellow flowers in spring and summer. Full sun/semishade, ±30cm. Likes a well drained sunny position, feed occasionaly with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly for optimum results. Prune after flowering and to shape. Peninsula to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MALVACEAE Hibiscus pedunculatus COMMON NAMES: Wilde stokroos Attractive, erect shrub with masses of lovely, soft pink trumpet-like flowers all summer. Full sun or semishade, likes a well drained position. Feed with slow release 2:3:2 organic or chemical fertilizer and water regularly in summer . Prune often to shape. George to KZN and Limpopo. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ACANTHACEAE Hypoestes aristata COMMON NAMES: Ribbon Bush Lovely purple flowers in autumn ±1. 5m, easy, fast growing shrub for full sun or semi-shade. Feed with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer and water regularly. For best results, prune hard after flowering in winter. Knysna to P. E. and E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Hypoestes aristata 'Purple Haze' Family: ACANTHACEAE

A definite improvement on H. aristata with more compact, shorter growth to 1m and flowers more prolific and a much darker pinkish mauve colour. Well suited to pot culture, it thrives in a slightly protected, sun to semi-shade position and prefers a well drained loamy soil. Feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly. Drought tolerant once established. New Kirstenbosh Selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Hypoestes aristata 'White Butterfly' Family: ACANTHACEAE

A stunning, pure white form of this very popular autumn flowering shrub. Needs a well drained semishade to sun position and plenty of mulch and water in the growing season. Feed with chemical or organic slow release 3:1:5 in summer for best results and cut back hard after flowering - late winter. Kirstenbosh white selection of H. aristata FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Indigofera jucunda Family: FABACEAE

Small, graceful tree or large shrub with sprays of rose-pink, scented, pea shaped flowers in mid summer. Likes a full sun or semi-shade, well drained but moist position. Feed with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer and water regularly for best results, prune to shape after flowering. W.Cape and E. Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Jasminum multipartitum 'Bush Form' Family: OLEACEAE Stunningly beautiful, this scented Jasmine bears large pink-tinged white flowers in large trusses. Trim into a shrub or train up fence or trellis. Grow in full sun in well-drained, compost-rich soil. Tough and quite drought resistant it thrives with regular feeding and water during the growing season. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: LAMIACEAE Leonotis leonurus COMMON NAMES: Wildedagga Tall showy garden favourite bearing rich orange, velvety flowers, fast growing and tough in harsh coastal conditions, important pioneer for revegetation Likes a well drained position, feed and water regularly for best results and prune hard after flowering. Good for the vase. Loved by sunbirds. W.Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Leonotis leonurus 'Golden Velvet' Family: LAMIACEAE

This showy and unusual form of Leonotis has rich, gold-coloured blooms. It has a more compact habit with shorter flowering stems and a much longer flowering period and is altogether a better behaved garden plant than the more familiar orange form. Prune after flowering or in Spring to encourage bushy growth and feed regularly for the best show. Mrs Pienaar's selection of L. leonorus FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Leonotis leonurus 'White Lion' Family: LAMIACEAE

Tall showy garden favourite bearing pure white, velvety flowers, fast growing and tough in harsh coastal conditions. Likes a well drained position, feed and water regularly for best results and prune hard after flowering. Good for the vase. Loved by sunbirds. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Leonotis ocymifolia Family: LAMIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Duiwelstabak Striking orange spikes on smaller plants than L. leonorus, fast growing and tough in harsh coastal conditions, important pioneer for revegetation. Likes a well drained position, feed and water regularly for best results and prune hard after flowering. Good for the vase. Loved by sunbirds. W, N and E Cape to Gauteng, NW and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Leonotis ocymifolia 'Velvet Sands' Family: LABIATAE

This unusual form of L. ocymifolia has velvety, creamy coloured flowers. This, along with the fact that the original mother plant was found on a sand dune, led us christen it 'Velevet Sands'. It tolerates very dry conditions once established, and forms a neat shrub if cut back after flowering. Coastal Dunes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: PLUMBAGINACEAE Limonium capense (=Afrolimon capense) COMMON NAMES: Sea Pink, Saldana Strandroos, Papierblom Unusual and interesting addition for the adventurous gardener and a must for gardens and projects in their natural West Coast habitat. The delicate beauty of the soft pink everlasting flowers contrasts with the rough grey paddle shaped leaves of this bushy little shrub. Needs a well drained position, preferably with morning shade and responds well to spring feeding with organic fertilizer, water to settle thereafter sparingly. Restricted to Limestone flats around Saldanha Bay FLOWERING TIMES and Langebaan J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: BORAGINACEAE Lobostemon fruticosus *Blue COMMON NAMES: Agtdaegeneesbossie Medium shrub, neat habit, breathtakingly beautiful when in flower (spring and early summer), essential to water regularly and plant in compost rich, well drained soil - full sun. Feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer and prune after flowering. Niewoudtville to Uniondale. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: SOLANACEAE Lycium cf cinereum 'Coastal Form' COMMON NAMES: Slangbessie Softly branched, thorny shrub with bright green leaves and small flared white bell flowers in late summer to autumn followed by red berries. Fast growing security hedge or screen up to 2 meters, plant half a meter apart double rows for maximum security. Although these are incredibly tough plants they will grow fast and lush if fed and watered well until they reach a good height Dry stony flats FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ACANTHACEAE Mackaya bella COMMON NAMES: Forest Bell Bush A charming shrub suitable for the shade. It has large glossy green leaves which contrast beautifuly with the big, open trumpet shaped white flowers. Plant in shady protected position in a well drained, compost rich medium. Prune to shape after flowering and feed and water regularly. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Maytenus bachmannii (=Gymnosporia bachmannii) Family: CELASTRACEAE COMMON NAMES: Wilow Maytenus Small neat tree or large shrub with very attractive, compact growth habit which lends itself well to topiary, bonsai or formal hedging. With its glossy leaves and attractive white flowers and berries this plant is also an ideal subject for containers. Requires a well composted, sunny position and regular mulching, feeding (2:3:2 or organic fertiliser) and watering. Limited to coastal strip North Eastern Cape and FLOWERING TIMES Southern KZN J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: CELASTRACEAE Maytenus procumbens COMMON NAMES: Duinekokoboom An excellent alterternative for the well loved Carissa Green Carpet, though, leathery green leaves withstand the harshest coastal conditions and the plant alays looks neat and freash. The small, cream flowers are followed by spherical fruits that burst open to reveal the bright orange seeds that are loved by birds. Can be trimmed easily into any shape from a low wide spreading groundcover to a small tree. Feed and water for increased vigor and growth. W.C an E.C. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MELIANTHACEAE Melianthus comosus COMMON NAMES: Kruitjie-roer-my-nie Fast growing, drought resistant shrub, with attractive feathery-green foliage and orange sweet pea-like flowers. Suitable for mixed border, thrives in any soil - full sun, prune to keep neat E. Cape. South Western Cape, Garden Route FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MELIANTHACEAE Melianthus major COMMON NAMES: Kruitjie-roer-my-nie Bears starry white, heavily scented flowers followed by edible black fruits loved by birds.Bears starry white, heavily scented flowers followed by edible black fruits loved by birds. Fast grower. Enjoys sunny or semi shade position - good accent plant for streams and ponds. Feed and water regularly for best results. Clanwilliam to Peninsula, Caledon to Humansdorp. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Metalasia muricata 'Silver Sands' COMMON NAMES: Blombos A tough coastal form of M. muricata, leaves broader, shiny blue/grey with silver undersides. Flowers striking silver white heads -used for cut flowers - fluffy when dry. Grows in front dunes, thrives in harsh coastal conditions but also does well in normal garden situation - watering and fertilizer boost the growth rate tremendously. Coastal W.Cape and E.Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Metalasia pulcherrima Family: ASTERACEAE

A species of the much-loved 'blombos'. A mound forming small shrub with grey green leaves pressed tight against the branches and fat heads of white flowers on the branch tips. Excellent pioneer or coastal plant and presents well as a garden plant if fed and trimmed ocasionally. Breakwater Bay, Witteberg to Langkloof, stony FLOWERING TIMES sandstone and limestone slopes and coastal cliffs J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: MYRICACEAE Myrica cordifolia (=Morella cordifolia) COMMON NAMES: Wasbessie Very tough coastal dune plant used mainly for stabilisation and revegetation projects. Robust, sprawling habit with small, hard, green leaves to 1m, fruit globular and waxy. Peninsula to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MYRICACEAE Myrica quercifolia (=Morella quercifolia) COMMON NAMES: Maagpynbos Lovely foliage plant for mixed border, ±1m, attractive with oak-shaped leaves. Good foliage plant for containers, used mainly for stabilisation and revegetation projects but grows well in most garden situations from sun to shade and in sandy or loamy medium. Feed with organic or chemical slow release and water regularly for best results. Malmesbury to Uitenhage. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: OCHNACEAE Ochna serrulata COMMON NAMES: Mickey mouse Bush, Fynblaarrooihout Colour throughout the year, be it pink new leaves, bright yellow flowers, or black fruits suspended below bright red sepals resembling Mickey Mouse faces. Very ornamental - drought resistant shrub. Plant in well drained sunny position in rich loamy medium and prune to shape. Fertilise sparingly and only in summer, regular dressing of rich compost is best. George to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Oedera imbricata Family: ASTERACEAE

Stiff, compact little shrub, forms soft mounds covered in long lasting yellow daisy flowers, winter-spring. Grows naturally on rocky sea facing cliffs needs full sun well drained spot - responds well to feeding with organic or chemical slow release 3:1:5, water in dry periods. Remove dead flowers and plant in sunny well drained position. Malmesbury to Peninsula to E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Oftia africana Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Lazy bush Sprawling shrublet with trailing habit up to 1 meter in height. Pretty, white, fragrant flowers very similar to those of a Sutera are borne profusely in the leaf axils from Spring to Summer. Plant in a well drained, sunny position. As with all garden specimens, best results follow occasional trimming and feeding. Bokkeveld mountains to Uitenhage FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Orphium frutescens Family: GENTIANACEAE Striking bunches of cyclamen pink flowers on tips of stems, to 1,2m plant closely in groups for best effect . Pinch back to encourage bushy growth, prefers a sunny, moist position in well drained, light, loamy medium. Regular watering (avoid drying out especially in summer ) and feeding with organic or slow release 3:1:5 fertiliser produces excellent results. Flowers late summer to autumn. Clanwilliam to Peninsula, George. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Orphium frutescens *White Family: GENTIANACEAE

Truly an exquisite find for the lover of NEW and unusual plants. This form of O. frutescens has large, glistening white flowers with petals tinged softly pink. Grows in well drained but damp places ie seepage areas. Plant in sun or light shade. Needs to be pruned to encourage it to form a full bush. Feed regularly with organic fertilizer. Well drained seepage areas FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Orthosiphon labiatus Family: LAMIACEAE

Fast growing, tall shrub, free flowering with salvia like pinkish/mauve spikes in summer to autumn. Equally happy in sun or shade - prune back hard after flowering and feed with 3:1:5 slow release or organic fertiliser in spring to encourage optimum flowering, frost hardy - treat like a Hydrangea. KZN to Limpopo and Gauteng FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Osteospermum ecklonis (=Dimorphotheca ecklonis) COMMON NAMES: Vanstaden's River Daisy, Jakkalsbos Strong growing, upright bushes covered by enormous shiny white flowers with electric blue centres. Plant in well drained sunny position, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser. Water and deadhead regularly for a delightful display almost year round. Gaily seeds itself if allowed! Humansdorp to Uitenhage. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Otholobium sericeum (=O. tomentosa) Family: FABACEAE

Handsome hedge plant up to 2m. This fast growing sprawling shrub is ideal for covering large areas or trimming into a neat, dense flowering hedge. Leaves are shiny, dark green and trifoliate, flowers are dark purple in clusters. Best if fed and trimmed regularly. LB, SE (Albertinia to Eastern Cape) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Passerina rigida Family: THYMELAEACEAE COMMON NAMES: Seekoppiesgonna Grows in sea sand on dunes - tall robust shrub, conifer-like appearance with reddish flowers, ±3m. Valuable pioneer species for dune revegetation. Peninsula to Natal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: THYMELAEACEAE Passerina vulgaris COMMON NAMES: Gonnabos Similar to the above but with softer growth habit, and not as hardy to coastal conditions. Good wind break, ±3m, reddish flowers. Valuable pioneer species for revegetation. Plant in sun or light shade. Peninsula to Natal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUBIACEAE Pavetta lanceolata COMMON NAMES: Weeping bride's bush, Treurbruidsbos, Bosbruidsbos A lovely evergreen shrub with a slightly weeping form. Masses of white flowers in summer cover the plant in a haze of white giving it it's common name of 'Bride's bush'. Forest margins and bushveld. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pavonia praemorsa Family: MALVACEAE

A NEW NUGGET, this shrub is absolutely ideal for creating dense, clipped hedges or as an attractive shrub on its own. The foliage is a dark green, very similar to Anisodontea. The flowers are also Anisodontea-like, except that they have a rich golden colour. A very tough shrub that naturally occurs on the margins of dry coastal or inland bush. W.Cape (Humansdorp to Bathurst, inland to Fort FLOWERING TIMES Beaufort) J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium crispum Family: GERANIACEAE

As the name implies, this Pelargonium has compact, tightly folded "crispy" leaves with a delicious lemon scent and showy bright pink flowers. An excellent addition to the garden and Pelargonium collection. Needs a sunny or dry shade, well drained position. Prune after flowering to shape and remove dead leaves often. Beautiful container plant, especially in clay pots on the stoep or patio. Feed in spring and autumn with slow release organic or 3:1:5 fertilizer to promote flowering and growth. Worcester to Bredasdorp FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium crispum 'Variegated' Family: GERANIACEAE

Compact, tightly folded "crispy" variegated leaves with a delicious lemon scent and showy bright pink flowers. An excellent addition to the garden and Pelargonium collection. Needs more shade than the normal P. crispum and does best in a dry semi shade, well drained position. Prune after flowering to shape and remove dead leaves often. Beautiful container plant, especially in clay pots on the stoep or patio. Feed in spring and autumn with slow release organic or 3:1:5 fertilizer to promote flowering and growth. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: GERANIACEAE Pelargonium cucullatum COMMON NAMES: Wildemalva Strong, dense shrubs to 1m with hairy leaves and magenta flowers in spring and early summer. Easy to cultivate, an attractive and rewarding addition especially for windy coastal gardens, needs a sunny position. Prune hard to shape and feed occasionally to encourage growth and flowers. Saldanha, Peninsula to Bredasdorp. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium cucullatum *White Family: GERANIACEAE

This lovely white form of P. cucculatum is a must for every garden. Easy and worthwhile to grow, its white flowers in spring and early summer are a joy to behold. Naturally forming large, compact, rounded shrubs with large leaves. Water wise but thrives if watered well and fed librally in the winter growing season. Prune hard to shape after flowering to encourage growth and flowers in the next season. Betty's Bay area FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium fruticosum Family: GERANIACEAE

This Pelargonium has attractive, finely divided, crisp foliage with dainty pink flowers all year round, low growing. Easy to grow in sun or semi shade, prune to shape and feed occasionally with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer to encourage growth and flowers. Needs a well drained medium hates wet feet! Swellendam, Uniondale and E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: GERANIACEAE Pelargonium quercifolium COMMON NAMES: Muishondbos Soft shrub to 0. 5m with shiny, dark green, olive veined, oak shaped leaves and pink flowers with darker markings. Thrives on regular water and feeding with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer. Prune to shape and encourage growth and flowers. Likes a well drained, sunny or semi shade position. George to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Pelargonium scabrum Family: GERANIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Hoenderbos A tough, easy-growing, shrubby Pelargonium. The pointed, lobed leaves have a delicious and memorable lemon scent. Flowers are white to purplish. Grow in well drained soil in full sun. Rocky sandstone slopes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus ecklonii 'Erma' *Pink Family: LAMIACEAE

Fast growing, shade loving with large dark leaves and spikes of tubular pink flowers in autumn, 1-1,5m. Makes an excellent hedge or screen and thrives in a well drained shady position. Prune hard after flowering, feed with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer in autmn and water when needed in summer. E. Cape to KZN and Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 98

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Plectranthus ecklonii 'Medley Wood' *Blue Family: LAMIACEAE Fast growing, shade loving with large dark leaves and spikes of tubular purple flowers in autumn, 11,5m. Makes an excellent hedge or screen and thrives in a well drained shady position. Prune hard in late summer and after flowering and feed with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer in autmn and water when needed in summer. E. Cape to Natal and Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus ecklonii 'Tommy' *White Family: LAMIACEAE

Fast growing, shade loving with large dark leaves and spikes of tubular snow white blooms in autumn, 11. 5m. Makes an excellent hedge or screen and thrives in a well drained shady position. Prune hard in late summer and after flowering and feed and water regularly to encourage lush growth and flowers. E. Cape, KZN and Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: LAMIACEAE Plectranthus fruticosus 'James' COMMON NAMES: Muishondblaar Fast growing with attractive crenulated leaves and spikes of tubular pink to mauve blooms in autumn, 1m. Makes an excellent hedge or screen and thrives in a well drained semi shade or sunny (east facing) position. Prune hard in late summer and after flowering and feed and water regularly to encourage lush growth and flowers. Caledon to KZN, Limpopo and Gauteng FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus hereroensis Family: LAMIACEAE

New and bluest Plectranthus of all makes a worthwhile and useful addition to the shade palette in your garden. Can tolerate a fair amount of drought having slightly succulent stems and leaves but performs best if trimmed watered and fed well before flowering starts in mid to late summer, earlier than most Plectranthus which only start flowering in autumn. Rocky and usually wooded hillsides, widespread FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plectranthus zuluensis Family: LAMIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Zulu Spur-flower Handsome, softly erect shrub to 2m with velvet textured leaves and striking dark purple flowers. Plant in moist loamy soil, it thrives best in a protected shady area - lovely in containers on a shady stoep. Feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and water regularly to be rewarded with a profusion of colour year round. KZN mainly coastal belt FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: PLUMBAGINACEAE Plumbago auriculata *Blue COMMON NAMES: Syselbos Hardy to coastal conditions. Blue flowers, grows up to 1,5m tall - a good hedge subject. Drought tolerant, responds well to pruning and regular feeding with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer. Plant in full sun for best flowering. Knysna to KZN, Free state to Gauteng and FLOWERING TIMES Mphumalanga J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: PLUMBAGINACEAE Plumbago auriculata *White COMMON NAMES: Syselbos Hardy to coastal conditions. Lovely pure white flowers, grows up to 1,5m tall - a good hedge subject. Drought tolerant, responds well to pruning and regular feeding plant in full sun for best flowering. Knysna to E. Cape to Gauteng FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Plumbago auriculata 'Royal Cape var. Monnot' [PBR] Family: PLUMBAGINACEAE

This popular hybrid has a more compact growth habit and visibly bluer flowers than the common garden variety. It has exactly the same cultural requirements, however. Drought tolerant, responds well to pruning and regular feeding with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer. Plant in full sun for best flowering. Selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: FABACEAE Podalyria calyptrata COMMON NAMES: Pienk Keurtjie Robust shrub ±2m with large silvery leaves and masses of large, showy, large, pink pea-like flowers in summer. Typical pioneer fynbos component, beautiful with restios. Prefers full sun, prune to shape, likes occasional feeding with 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertiliser to encourage more flowers. Peninsula to E.Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Podalyria sericea Family: FABACEAE COMMON NAMES: Silver Sweet Pea Silvery grey leaves, ±1m, masses of small pink pea shaped flowers in spring and early summer. Typical pioneer fynbos component, beautiful with restios. Prefers full sun, prune to shape, likes occasional feeding with light dressing of 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertiliser to encourage more flowers. Peninsula to E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Polygala fruticosa Family: POLYGALACEAE

Attractive, branched shrub with interesting caudate leaves and dark magenta, pea shaped flowers. Typical fynbos component, beautiful with restios and Leucadendron spp. Likes full sun or semi-shade, prune to shape, thrives on occasional feeding with organic fertilizer or 3:1:5 to encourage more flowers. Ceres, Worcester, Caledon to P. E. and E. Cape to FLOWERING TIMES Natal. J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Polygala fruticosa 'Southern Shores' Family: POLYGALACEAE This compact form of the popular Polygala has attractive rounded, glossy leaves and rewards the gardener with masses of the pea-like magenta flowers year round. This special form requires little pruning to keep it tidy. A typical fynbos component, its natural range extends even further. Polygalas grow well in sun or semi shade and respond well to light feeds with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser. N,W and E Cape to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: POLYGALACEAE Polygala myrtifolia COMMON NAMES: Bloukappie Rewarding, tall glossy leafed shrub, bearing masses of magenta-pink pea shaped flowers all year. Typical fynbos component, beautiful with restios and Leucadendron sp, likes full sun or semi shade, prune to shape, thrives on occasional feeding with organic fertilizer or 3:1:5 to encourage more flowers. Good standard subject for containers. Widespread in S. W. Cape. E. Cape to KZN and FLOWERING TIMES Gauteng. J F M A M J J A S O N D Polygala myrtifolia 'Glentana' Family: POLYGALACEAE

Beautiful coastal shrub, profusion of purple pea flowers all year, to 1m. Similar to P. myrtifolia but much smaller and compact with smaller leaves and flowers, likes full sun well drained position, prune to shape, thrives on occasional feeding with organic fertiliser or 3:1:5 to encourage more flowers and lush growth. A form of P. myrtifolia coastal belt Peninsula to FLOWERING TIMES Eastern cape J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: POLYGALACEAE Polygala myrtifolia 'White Butterfly' COMMON NAMES: White September Bush Similar to P. myrtifolia in every way except that it becomes covered in pure white, butterfly like flowers virtually all year especially in early spring. Plant in a well drained, full sun position and feed regularly for best results. Tolerates dry conditions well but thrives if watered during dry periods. Excellent for coastal gardens Kirstenbosch Selection - Habitat as for P. myrtifolia FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Polygala virgata Family: POLYGALACEAE

Long, 1-2m, graceful, purple spikes on almost leafless branches, resembles Spanish broom - good cut flower tip when young to encourage more stems. Plant in groups for best effect, likes a full sun or lightly shaded loamy position. N,W and E Cape and Free State to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Psoralea pinnata Family: FABACEAE COMMON NAMES: Bloukeur Small tree with fine leaves and striking rich blue, sweet scented, pea shaped flowers. Found along wetland edges and seepage areas. Plant in a moist, semi-shade, loamy position, prune to shape and feed with 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertilizer and water regularly for best results. Clanwilliam to E.Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 101

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Family: RUBIACEAE Psychotria capensis COMMON NAMES: Basterlemoenhout A rounded evergreen shrub or small tree, with large, glossy, dark green leaves. It occurs in forests and coastal dune bush. In September pretty yellow flowers appear, followed by red berries from April to August. Prefers shady areas. Plant in well-drained soil and add lots of compost. E. Cape and KZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CELASTRACEAE Putterlickia pyracantha COMMON NAMES: Dune Spike Thorn, Basterpendoring Rare red and maroon tinged leaves make this a most attractive contrast plant for the garden or landscape. Attractive clusters of creamy flowers and orange fruits add to its desirability as a garden plant as do its thorns if planted as a dense hedge. Plant in sun or semi shade well drained position. Regular pruning will keep it in shape and applications of compost and or organic fertilizer will increase growth and vigor. River banks, coastal scrub and dunes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Relhania pungens ssp. pungens Family: ASTERACEAE

Excellent coastal shrub to 1m, it has tough grey-green foliage and large, bright yellow daisy flowers in profusion. Likes full sun or semi shade, well drained position. Best planted in groups in mixed coastal borders. Needs regular pruning to shape, thrives on occasional feeding with organic fertiliser or 3:1:5 and water in dry periods . Bredasdorp to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ANACARDIACEAE Rhus crenata (=Searsia crenata) COMMON NAMES: Dune Crow-berry The perfect coastal hedge/screen accent shrub. Glossy leaves and wine red berries loved by birds, ±3m softly rounded shape. Excellent for dune stabilization and 1st phase revegetation. Happy in sun or semishade, but needs a well drained position and responds well to applications of organic or chemical fertilizer. Peninsula to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Rhus longispina (=Searsia longispina) Family: ANACARDIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Spiny currant-rhus, Thorny Taaibos, Doringtaaibos A dense, much branched, rounded shrub or small tree. Like most representatives of this genus, it is very tough and drought tolerant, but extra care in the establishment phases will reap rewards. Dense, pointed branchlets make an effective barrier when planted as hedging. The greenish yellow flowers have a deliciously sweet scent. Arid karroid scrub FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Ruttya fruticosa *Red Family: ACANTHACEAE A lovely rich red form of the tropical-looking 'Jammy Mouth' bush. The shiny black patch at the flower's throat and the curious flower structure make it a strikingly unusual garden plant. Plant in a protected position and prune to shape from time to time. East tropical Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Ruttyruspolia 'Phyllis van Heerden' *Dark Pink Family: ACANTHACEAE

The closest indigenous alternative to a bougainvillaea with similar arching habit producing copious cerise pink flowers throughout summer. Makes a striking display on banks, as a dense hedge, trained up pergolas or trellises and in large pots. Plant in a sheltered spot in a compost rich medium, water and feed with organic fertiliser or slow release 3:1:5 regularly. Pruning shears can be applied mercilessly after flowering! Dark selection of Natural hybrid between Ruttya FLOWERING TIMES ovata (EC) and Ruspolia hypocraterformis var. J F M A M J J A S O N D australis: Limpopo Ruttyruspolia 'Phyllis van Heerden' *Light Pink Family: ACANTHACEAE

The closest indigenous alternative to a bougainvillaea with similar arching habit producing copious bright pink flowers throughout summer. Makes a striking display on banks, as a dense hedge, trained up pergolas or trellises and in large pots. Plant in a sheltered spot in a compost rich medium, water and feed with organic fertiliser or slow release 3:1:5 regularly. Pruning shears can be applied mercilessly after flowering! Natural hybrid between Ruttya ovata and Ruspolia FLOWERING TIMES hypocraterformis var. australis: Limpopo J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: LAMIACEAE Salvia africana-caerulea COMMON NAMES: Bloublomsalie Aromatic shrub to ±2,5m, light blue flowers that attract sunbirds for most of the year. Silvery foliage. Excellent on the coast. Does well in full sun, well-drained position. Feed regularly and prune as required. Can resprout from ground level. Gifberg to Montague, Peninsula, Caledon and the FLOWERING TIMES E. Cape. J F M A M J J A S O N D Salvia africana-lutea Family: LAMIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Bruinsalie Soft, grey foliage, contrasts well with attractive golden brown flowers, loved by sunbirds. An excellent coastal shrub, although it needs little maintenance, the beach salvia responds well to regular pruning, watering and feeding with slow release 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertiliser giving a stunning display in spring and summer. Cut back hard in winter if required. Gifberg to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: LAMIACEAE Salvia chamelaeagnea *Blue COMMON NAMES: Bloublomsalie Tall, striking shrub to 1,5m with bright, sky blue plumes of flowers and crisp, light green leaves. Good coastal shrub for full sun, requires little attention but thrives on regular watering and feeding with slow release 3: 1:5 or organic fertilizer. Cut back after flowering (winter) or to shape as required. W. and S. Cape and Little Karoo. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Salvia chamelaeagnea *White Family: LAMIACEAE

An attractive shrub similar to the popular blue-flowered form except that the flowers are pure white, very showy. Good coastal shrub for full sun, requires little attention but thrives on regular watering and feeding with slow release 3: 1:5 or organic fertilizer. Cut back after flowering (winter) or to shape as required. A successful new introduction. Namibia to Breede river FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Salvia dolomitica Family: LAMIACEAE

Large, elegant shrubs with soft grey leaves and pastel-pink flowers in summer ±1m. Requires little attention but thrives on regular watering and feeding with 3:1:5 chemical or organic fertiliser for a stunning display the whole summer. Cut back in winter. Gauteng, Limpopo, Mphumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: LAMIACEAE Salvia lanceolata COMMON NAMES: Red Sage, Rooisalie Deep, dusky pink flowers on long lasting, reddish bracts conrast well with silvery grey foliage. An exceptional new gardening and landscaping shrub especially for the cape coastal areas. Use grouped as a focal point in mixed borders or as low hedge or screen. Plant in a sunny well drained spot and feed with an organic fertilizer for optimal growth and prune to shape. Extremely drought tolerant once established. Coastal sandy fynbos and rocky outcrops FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Salvia murii 'Blue Eyes' Family: LAMIACEAE

A very intense blue form of the rare S. murii. Very attractive, excellent garden subject. Thrives on full sun, regular feeding, trimming and watering in a well drained position. Almost extinct in nature. Highly recommended! FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Scabiosa africana Family: DIPSACACEAE COMMON NAMES: Pincushion, Koringblom Bold shrub with large leaves and mauve pom-pom like flowers on long stalks - full sun, well drained position thrives on regular feeding with 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser and regular watering. Peninsula. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: ACANTHACEAE Sclerochiton harveyanus COMMON NAMES: Blue Lips Excellent shrub for shade with small, glossy, attractively marked leaves and interesting blue flowers. Much branched, lax habit gives it a fern-like appearance. Happiest in a shady position generously mulched compost rich medium. Prune to shape or allow to scramble and cover large shady areas. Feed and water regularly for lush growth. Makes an attractive pot plant. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: TILIACEAE Sparmannia africana COMMON NAMES: Cape Stock Rose Attractive small tree or large shrub, fast growing, large soft-green leaves and pretty clusters of white flowers with protruding golden stamens. Often found growing along water courses in the understory of indigenous forest. Protect from wind. Plant in rich loamy soil and feed, water and prune to shape regularly. Prefers a lightly shaded position but tolerates sun. Caledon, George to P. E. and E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Stoebe plumosa (=Seriphium plumosum) COMMON NAMES: Slangbos Lovely ash-grey contrast plant to 1,2m can be used to good effect in landscaping. Trim annually to keep low and shape. Naturally part of drought tolerant vegetation, in a garden situation it benefits from regular watering and feeding with 3:1:5 slow release chemical or organic ferrtilizer. Excellent cut foliage for mixed bouquets. Gifberg to Peninsula, Caledon to P. E. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Strelitzia juncea Family: STRELITZIACEAE

Rare and sought after plant, a handsome feature plant in the landscape, Strelitzia junceae has tall, erect, rod-like leaves but flowers exactly like S. reginae. Occurs naturally in harsh rocky outcrops. Extremely drought tolerant but does well in any normal well drained garden situation, sun or dry semishade. Feed occasionally to encourage more flowers. Uitenhage. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Strelitzia reginae Family: STRELITZIACEAE

Striking structural plant with orange and purple flowers resembling a cranes head. Forms large clumps. Plant in a sunny or semi shade position. Drought tolerant but responds well to occasional feeding with organic fertiliser especially before flowering. Maintenance free but keep tidy by removing old leaves and flowers. E. Cape, KZN Coastal bush. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: FABACEAE Sutherlandia frutescens (=Lessertia frutescens) COMMON NAMES: Kankerbossie Small ±30cm, large orange-red flowers - good coastal plant. Needs sandy, well drained medium and full sun to thrive. Being tested extensively as a possible treatment for aids, known for many other medicinal uses. Widespread in the Cape, KZN, Mphumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Syncarpha paniculata COMMON NAMES: Sewejaartjie A splendid display is made by the silver foliage of this erect, mound forming, shrubet especially when topped with shiny, papery white flowers . They flower all summer, but need a trim from time to time to encourage full growth. A must for fynbos gardens and flowers are usefull on gifts, greeting cards or in pot pourri. Plant in full sun, water well to establish and feed with organic fertilizer for best results. It occurs naturally on the coast and on the lower slopes of mountains. W.Cape and E.Cape (Gifberg to PE) FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Syncarpha sp. PE COMMON NAMES: Everlaating / Paper flower A native of the Eatern cape coastal fybos, this fast growing small shrub or groundcover has stiff bright green leaves tipped with cream coloured everlasting flowers. Usefull as a filler in flowerbeds and an excellent component of fynbos gardens, dried flowers can be used to decorate gifts and cards and pot pourri. Keep neat and lush with regular trimming and feeding. Sandy coastal flats and seepage areas FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Tecoma capensis *Apricot Family: BIGNONIACEAE

Apricot flowers on tall, glossy leafed shrub. Excellent as a hedge or interplanted with plumbago. Prune after flowering, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in autumn and spring and water regularly for best results. E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Tecoma capensis *Burnt Orange Family: BIGNONIACEAE

Warm burnt orange flowers from late summer through to mid winter, on handsome, tall, glossy leafed shrubs. Excellent as a hedge or interplanted with plumbago and other E Cape shrubs like Jasminium multipartitum . Prune after flowering, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in autumn and spring and water regularly for best results. E Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Tecoma capensis *Pink Blush Family: BIGNONIACEAE Beautiful soft pink flowers on tall, glossy leafed shrub. Excellent as a hedge or interplanted with plumbago. Can be pruned into any shape, best after flowering, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in autumn and spring and water regularly for best results. Eastern Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Tecoma capensis *Red Family: BIGNONIACEAE

Red flowers on tall, glossy leafed shrub. Excellent as a hedge or interplanted with plumbago. Prune after flowering, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in autumn and spring and water regularly for best results. E. Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Tecoma capensis *Salmon Family: BIGNONIACEAE

Salmon pink flowers on tall, glossy leafed shrub. Excellent as a hedge or interplanted with plumbago. Prune heavily after flowering, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in spring and autumn and water regularly for best results. E. Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Tecoma capensis *Yellow Family: BIGNONIACEAE

Lemon yellow flowers on tall, glossy leafed shrub. Excellent as a hedge or interplanted with plumbago. Prune after flowering, feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertiliser in autumn and spring and water regularly for best results. E. Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Tecoma capensis 'Rocky HorrorTM' Family: BIGNONIACEAE

This is a truly remarkable New Plant Selection: a Tecoma that is winner in every way. Lush deep glossy green foliage, compact habit. Produces large bunches of gigantic blood-red pouty lipped flowers double the size of normal Tecomas. The growth is also much more vigorous than would normally be expected of this genus. Sunbirds cannot resist its nectar. New Plant Nursery hybrid FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Tetradenia riparia *Pink Family: LAMIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Misty Plume Bush, Iboza Fast growing large shrub resembling a plectranthus. Makes a stunning display when covered in a clouds of soft mauve flowers in winter. Plant in a protected sunny to semi-shade position. Prune heavily after flowering, feed with slow release 3:1:5 in autumn and water regularly for best results. Natal, Swaziland and N. Mpumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: LAMIACEAE Tetradenia riparia *White COMMON NAMES: Misty Plume Bush, Iboza Fast growing large shrub resembling a plectranthus. Makes a stunning display when covered in a clouds of snow-white flowers in winter. Plant in a protected sunny to semi-shade position. Prune heavily after flowering, water and feed with slow release 3:1:5 in autumn for best results. White Kirstenbosch selection Natal, Swaziland and FLOWERING TIMES N. Mpumalanga J F M A M J J A S O N D Turraea obtusifolia Family: MELIACEAE

An asset to any garden, this attractive shrub has glossy green leaves and masses of showy, pure white flowers in spring followed by decorative red berries. Plant in sunny or semi shade, sheltered, welldrained position and mulch with plenty of compost. Water and feed in summer but sparingly in winter, and prune to shape into a small tree or shrub . E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: FABACEAE Acacia galpini COMMON NAMES: Monkey Thorn A popular Acacia with rough, corky bark. This is a common choice as a bonsai specimen, but is best used as a large tree in the garden. The flowers are creamy-yellow and sweetly scented. Thorn trees are also a favorite choice as nesting sites for birds. A relatively fast-growing and cold hardy tree. Gauteng, NW Province, Botswana, Limpopo, FLOWERING TIMES Mphumalanga J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: FABACEAE Acacia karroo COMMON NAMES: Sweet Thorn, Soetdoring A beautiful sight in full flower with bright yellow balls covering the whole tree. Widespread from dunes to grassland, variable shape but easily pruned by removing the lower branches to form an attractive flattened crown. Feed and water regularly in the growing season. Widespread in S. A.often on alluvial plains and FLOWERING TIMES near water. J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: FABACEAE Acacia sieberiana var. woodii COMMON NAMES: Paperbark Thorn, Papierbasdoring Large deciduous tree occuring in woodland and wooded grassland. Attractive corky bark and a handsome growth habit are the main attractions. Fragrant white or cream ball shaped flowers are carried from September to November. Suitable for bonsai. Mpumalanga, KZN, Limpopo, Swaziland, Gauteng FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: FABACEAE Acacia xanthophloea COMMON NAMES: Fever Tree, Koorsboom Graceful and fast growing with smooth yellow-green trunk and branches being its most striking feature. Flowers are sweetly scented fluffy yellow balls. Sparse rounded crown of light green foliage with long white thorns. Grows near rivers and swamps. Prune off lower branches to form single stemmed tree. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. KZN, Limpopo, Mphumalanga, Swaziland FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Acokanthera oppositifolia Family: APOCYNACEAE COMMON NAMES: Poison Bush, Boesmansgif This plant is poisonous, so it should be planted with caution! Fortunately, it is not very palatable. It makes a strikingly beautiful shrub with angular, dark green, sometimes bronze/purple foliage and attractive, sweet-smelling white flowers and large red fruits. It is a good shade plant. Prune off lower branches to form single stemmed tree or trim all round to form a neat large shrub, feed and water regularly in the growing season. W.Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: RUBIACEAE Alberta magna COMMON NAMES: Natal Flame Rare plant with striking scarlet flowers and large, lush, shiny green leaves, ±3m. A treasure in any garden. Plant in a sheltered, preferably east-facing aspect. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Natal FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ICACINACEAE Apodytes dimidiata COMMON NAMES: Witpeer Small tree with dark green leathery leaves and sprays of white flowers - neat well-rounded crown. Excellent for small gardens, as a patio tree or as a bonsai subject. Attractive seeds. Prune off lower branches to form single stemmed tree. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Does well interplanted with pioneer species. Peninsula to P. E. also Limpopo, NW, FLOWERING TIMES Mphumalanga, Swaziland J F M A M J J A S O N D Bauhinia tomentosa Family: FABACEAE

A vigorous species, this shrub reaches a height of 3-4m, with a similar spread. Very floriferous producing sulphur yellow flowers with a maroon blotch from late summer to autumn. Plant in full sun or a sheltered spot. Prune in winter to stimulate flowering and mulch thickly. E Cape to KZN, Mphumalanga, Swaziland, Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Berchemia discolor Family: RHAMNACEAE

A shapely small to medium-sized tree which occurs in riverine forest or open dry woodland. The shiny leaves have lighter coloured undersides. A good shade tree that tolerates drought and attracts birds with its fleshy yellow to light orange fruits. Provide additional water until established. Feed with organic or other fertilizer for rapid growth. The wood is a rare and beautiful treasure. KZN, Mphumalanga to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Berchemia zeyheri Family: RHAMNACEAE

Even in the wild, this species tends to develop into a well-shaped tree. The sweetish yellow to orange fruits are highly prized by birds and humans alike. In Kwa Zulu-Natal only the chiefs may carry a stick made from its wood which is close grained and strong with red heartwood. The smooth, grey bark is also an attraction. A worthwhile tree already in general use as a landscape subject. Natal and Lowveld FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Bersama lucens Family: MELIANTHACEAE

An attractive small tree with glossy light green foliage and sturdy growth. Small, white flowers in conspicuous racemes June to September. Bright red seeds attract birds. A worthwhile ornamental that rewards regular feeding with steady growth and lush foliage. Water wise once established. Natal, Swaziland and E.Gauteng FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 110

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Family: PROTEACEAE Brabejum stellatifolium COMMON NAMES: Wild Almond, Wilde-amandel Cultivated since 1660 as a dense hedge this small tree has leaves in whorls, small white flowers and large attractive fruits. Useful and attractive tree especially for small gardens. Water regularly but feed lightly, for best results use only compost and or fynbos fertilizer. Clanwilliam to Riversdale. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Brachylaena discolor COMMON NAMES: Coastal Siver Oak Shiny dark leaves with grey underside, excellent coastal tree - wind resistant. Prune off lower branches to form a shade tree or leave the branches on to form a dense screen or windbreak. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. E. Cape to KZN, Swaziland and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Brachylaena elliptica COMMON NAMES: Bitter-leaf silver-oak, Botterblaar, Bitterblaar A shrub or small tree up to 4m tall. The interesting, angular foliage is glossy dark-green above and silverywhite underneath. Clusters of creamy, powder-puff flowers in summer. Very drought and salt tolerant and a good coastal plant. Coastal and river bush, valley, scrubland on rocky FLOWERING TIMES outcrops and at the margins of evergreen forest. J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: BUDDLEJACEAE Buddleja saligna COMMON NAMES: False Olive, Witolienhout Shrub or small tree, ±3m, with white or cream flowers - fast growing, attractive dark green leaves with white undersides. A tough and adaptable plant which thrives in many environments, from coastal to inland, from bushveld or grassland to wooded ravines or rocky outcrops. Very adaptable and drought resistant, however it thrives if fed and watered regularly until established or while rapid growth is required. Widespread in most provinces from W Cape to FLOWERING TIMES Limpopo and KZN J F M A M J J A S O N D Calodendrum capense Family: RUTACEAE COMMON NAMES: Kaapse Kastaiing Large handsome semi-deciduous trees, ±20m with beautiful, smooth, streaky white/grey bark on older trees. Profusion of striking, pink orchid-like flowers in large sprays on tips of branches make the trees stand out above the forest canopy and last well in the vase. Plant in deep soil in a sheltered position, water regularly and feed in spring for best results. Does well if planted with pioneer species. George to KZN, Gauteng, Mphumalanga, Swaziland FLOWERING TIMES and Limpopo J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Calpurnia aurea Family: FABACEAE A graceful, slender shrub or small tree, suitable for small gardens. Beautiful, yellow pea-shaped flowers in long sprays appear in summer. Plant in a sunny spot and protect young plants from frost. Responds well to regular pruning and feeding. Can be pruned to form a lollipop or standard. Insect resistant. P. E. to Natal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUBIACEAE Canthium inerme COMMON NAMES: Turkey Berry, Gewone bokdrol A coastal shrub or small tree with glossy foliage, branches are armed with spines. It reaches a height of about 5-10m. Small greenish flowers appear in spring, leaves hairless dark green. It attracts birds, especially Loeries, and tolerates slight frost and drought. Prune out lower branches to form a tree. Very adaptable and drought resistant, however it thrives if fed and watered regularly. Peninsula to KZN, Swaziland, Mphumalanga to NW FLOWERING TIMES and Limpopo J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUBIACEAE Canthium mundianum COMMON NAMES: Rock Alder, Klipels Small, sparsely branched tree with berries which attracts birds, especially Loeries, leaves dark green slightly hairy. Excellent for small gardens especially where a filtered light effect is desired. Prune out lower branches to form a tree. Very adaptable and drought resistant, however it thrives if fed and watered regularly. From Peninsula to KZN, Mphumalanga to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ULMACEAE Celtis africana COMMON NAMES: White Stinkwood, Witstinkhout Tall, graceful deciduous tree with beautiful bark and bright green new leaves in spring. Prune out lower branches to form a densely foliaged tree. Very adaptable and drought resistant, however mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer in spring and summer to boost growth. Good bonsai subject. Eastern and Central South Africa: Widespread. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Chionanthus foveolatus Family: OLEACEAE COMMON NAMES: Fynblaarysterhout, Tapaalwyn Attractive small to medium tree with scented, fragrant cream flowers and purple fruits which attract birds. Silvery grey patterned trunk and neat habit make this an excellent subject for small gardens especially near the coast. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Coastal, Peninsula to Natal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: RUTACEAE Clausena anisata COMMON NAMES: Horsewood, Perdepis A small, evergreen tree with strongly aromatic leaves. It has rather attractive yellow or white flowers followed by red to black fruits. It is better known in the Cape by the unromantic name 'Perdepis', possibly because of the bitter taste of the medicinal infusion which it is commonly used for. This is much valued as a treatment for fevers and rheumatism. Grow in sun or light shade. Riversdale to Port Elizabeth FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: COMBRETACEAE Combretum bracteosum COMMON NAMES: Hiccup Nut Sprawling, deciduous shrub with deep red, bottle brush like flowers - autumn foliage. Can be pruned to form a very attractive large shrub or prune out lower branches to form a densely foliaged tree. Very adaptable and drought resistant, however it thrives if fed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth and if watered regularly. E. Cape to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: COMBRETACEAE Combretum erythrophyllum COMMON NAMES: River Bush Willow Fast growing, sprawling, deciduous with red autumn foliage. Prune out lower branches to form a densely foliaged tree. Very adaptable and drought resistant, but it thrives if fed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth and if watered regularly. N. and E. Cape to KZN and Gauteng. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CUNONIACEAE Cunonia capensis COMMON NAMES: Butterspoon Tree, Rooi-els Extremely attractive foliage emerging reddish-pink from spoon-shaped stipules - bears many sprays of creamy flowers in autumn. Its non-aggressive root system makes it a good patio or small garden tree. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Needs a sunny or semi-shade, sheltered position. Plant with pioneers for best results. Peninsula to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Curtisia dentata Family: CORNACEAE COMMON NAMES: Assegai Wood, Assegaaibos Attractive tree with large, serrated, shiny leaves that have hairy undersides, olive-sized yellow fruits attract birds. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth and plant with pioneers for best results. Needs a sunny or semi-shade, sheltered position. Peninsula to KZN and inland to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: ARALIACEAE Cussonia paniculata COMMON NAMES: Mountain Cabbage Tree, Bergkiepersol Attractive, structural tree which is drought resistant, 3-5m, leaves large leathery blue-green. Characteristic deeply furrowed corky bark makes an appealing feature. Looks good planted in groups of three or alone. Good choice for hot dry gardens but for best results mulch thickly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth in summer. Needs a sunny well drained position. Swartberg Mountains to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ARALIACEAE Cussonia spicata COMMON NAMES: Cabbage Tree, Gewone Kiepersol Structural, thick-set tree, 3-10m, leaves glossy green. Looks good planted in groups of three or alone. For best results mulch thickly with good compost and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth in summer. Needs a sunny well drained position. Oudtshoorn to Uniondale / Swarberg Mountains to FLOWERING TIMES Tropical Africa J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: THYMELAEACEAE Dais cotinifolia COMMON NAMES: Pompon Tree, Basboom Semi-deciduous small tree, absolutely covered in pretty pink pom-pom flowers in summer. Perfect for small gardens. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Needs a sunny, well drained, sheltered position. E.Cape to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: SAPINDACEAE Deinbollia oblongifolia COMMON NAMES: Dune Soap-berry, Duineseepbossie A shrub or small tree which occurs in coastal woodland. The small white flowers occur in dense racemes making large, terminal heads up to 35cm long. The yellow berries also occur in tight terminal clusters. The seed is said to froth and lather when rubbed in water. An interesting and highly ornamental plant. KZN Coast FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Diospyros dichrophylla Family: EBENACEAE COMMON NAMES: Poison Peach, Tolbos Robust, dense growing tree with cream flowers followed by large round fruits - excellent coastal tree serves well in mixed hedges drought tolerant. A pioneer species creating shade and shelter for slower growing trees e. g. Milkwoods. Feed, mulch and water to speed up growth. Bredasdorp to P. E. and E. Cape to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: EBENACEAE Diospyros lycioides COMMON NAMES: Star Apple, Bloubos Attractive small tree 3 - 7m occurs in almost all types of habitat. Added to this, it has sweetly scented flowers followed by striking red berries which attract birds and persist for months - a must for all gardens. Fruits are edible and roots used for cleaning teeth. Medicinal. South Eastern Cape, Mpumalanga, Namibia and FLOWERING TIMES Northern Cape J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: EBENACEAE Diospyros scabrida COMMON NAMES: False Blackbark, Vals-swartbas This large shrub or small tree (2-3m tall), closely resembles D.whyteana. It has similarly glossy foliage that emerges red and then deepens to a rich dark green. The winged, reddish fruits are also attractive. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: EBENACEAE Diospyros simii COMMON NAMES: Climbing Star Apple Small tree or scrambling shrub up to 5m. Similar to but smaller than D. dichrophylla and with drooping branches, velvety orange-brown fruit identical. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. North Eastern Cape and KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: EBENACEAE Diospyros whyteana COMMON NAMES: Bladder-nut, Bostolbos Very attractive garden subject with neat habit, very glossy dark green leaves and masses of red fruit, especially suitable as a hedge or bonsai. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Peninsula to Limpopo. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Dodonaea viscosa var. angustifolia Family: SAPINDACEAE COMMON NAMES: Kaapse sandolien Small tree with green leaves and cream flowers that last well in the vase fresh or dried, grows well in coastal gardens but not in the direct sea spray. Very fast grower especially if boosted with feeding & watering. Water wise, wind tough plant, extensively used medicinally. Widespread - Peninsula to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Dombeya rotundifolia Family: STERCULIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Common wild pear, Gewone drolpeer Small deciduous tree with beautiful white scented flowers which cover the whole tree in spring blossoms. Large round leaves which emerge after flowering. Prune off lower branches to form single stemmed tree. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth in summer. KZN, Swaziland, Mpumalanga Gauteng and Eastern FLOWERING TIMES F. S. J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 115

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Family: FLACOURTIACEAE Dovyalis caffra COMMON NAMES: Kei-apple Small tree with large edible fruits - vicious thorns make it an impenetrable hedge. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Needs a sunny or semi-shade, sheltered position. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: FLACOURTIACEAE Dovyalis rhamnoides COMMON NAMES: Gewone suurbessie Attractive, small tree with shiny serrated foliage, long spiny thorns make this an excellent barrier or hedge. Fruit highly sought-after by birds. Very elegant garden or bonsai subject. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. S. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MELIACEAE Ekebergia capensis COMMON NAMES: Essenhout Beautiful shade tree with rounded crown, large shiny leaves and bunches of red fruits in winter. A tree for large gardens, semi deciduous in a colder area. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth and plant with pioneers for best results. Needs a sunny or semi shade, sheltered position. George to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CELASTRACEAE Elaeodendron croceum (=Cassine papillosa) COMMON NAMES: Saffron Wood, Gewone Saffraan Leathery, dark green leaves and large yellow berries - excellent tree for small gardens. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Best introduced along with pioneer plants such as Bitou or Keurboom. From Western Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Elaeodendron zeyheri (=Cassine crocea) Family: CELASTRACEAE COMMON NAMES: Red Saffronwood, Rooisaffraan A handsome evergreen tree with glossy, leathery, dark green foliage and a stout trunk. The flowers are small and greenish, and are followed by yellow berry-like fruits. Perfect as a shade tree. The reddish timber was once exploited for furniture as it is fine-grained, hard and tough. It is found in coastal forest. W Cape to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Erythrina lysistemon Family: FABACEAE

Large deciduous tree, bearing beautiful scarlet flowers in spring. Drought tolerant and fast growing, this hardy coastal tree thrives well in gardens all over the country and is often successfully used as a street tree. Susceptible to a stem boring caterpillar in young stages, so good to start off with fairly large trees. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 116

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Family: EBENACEAE Euclea crispa COMMON NAMES: Blue Guarri, Bloughwarrie A large shrub or small tree, it is hardy and adaptable. The bluish-green leaves are distinctive and can create a pretty contrast with the foliage of other vegitation. The flowers are inconspicuous. Plant in sun and prune to be a shrub or tree as desired. Apply organic fertilizer or 3:1:5 during the growing season for optimum growth. W.Cape, E Cape, Mphumalanga, Gauteng, Free FLOWERING TIMES State, KZN J F M A M J J A S O N D Euclea crispa var. crispa Family: EBENACEAE

A hardy shrub or small tree. Flowers are rather inconspicuous, but the foliage is attractive. Ideal for windbreaks or as a multistemmed tree in small gardens. It is tough and undemanding, but neds to be pruned to shape from time to time. Though it tolerates poor soils, slow-release fertilizer will promote faster and lusher growth. Additional water during dry spells in the establishment phase will be of help. Widespread over the Eastern half of SA FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: EBENACEAE Euclea natalensis COMMON NAMES: Natal Guarri, Bergghwarrie Moderate to fast growth rate, forming a dense, rounded crown. Leaves hard, leathery ,dark green. Small flowers in sprays, heavily scented. Red fruit sought-after by birds. Excellent for coastal gardens. Feed and water regularly for best results. E. Cape to KZN and Gauteng FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: EBENACEAE Euclea undulata COMMON NAMES: Common Guarri, Gewone Gwarri This widespread evergreen can be grown as a dense, twiggy screening shrub, or pruned and trained as a small tree. It bears spikes of small, white, scented flowers followed by small, fleshy reddish brown to black fruits. This plant has huge potential as a landscape subject, as it is adaptble to most conditions. Worcester to Uitenhge and throughout SA FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Eugenia zeyheri Family: MYRTACEAE COMMON NAMES: Eastern Cape Myrtle An excellent indigenous substitute for E. myrtifolia though slightly slower, young leaves reddish becoming glossy green, flowers white clusters followed by yellow and then red to purple fruit. Water regularly and feed with slow release 3:1:5 or organic fertilizer . Excellent hedge plant or single specimen for small gardens. E. Cape FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: MORACEAE Ficus burtt-davyi COMMON NAMES: Veld Fig, Veldvy An evergreen shrub or small tree which is very hardy and adaptable. In nature it can be found from forest to coastal dunes. On dunes it forms a dense, spreading cover no more than 1m high. The figs are formed during the summer and are a favorite food of many birds. A good bonsai subject. Oudtshoorn, Knysna to Port Elizabeth FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MORACEAE Ficus ingens COMMON NAMES: Red-leaved Rock Fig, Roiblaarrotsvy A popular bonsai species, this hardy evergreen has glossy light green foliage which contrasts with the bronze to red new foliage for which it is named. Like most Ficus spp, the smooth, grey bark is also an attraction. The figs ripen to a reddish colour and are sure to attract flocks of birds. It seldom grows to more than 13m tall. E. London through Natal, Mphumalanga, Northern FLOWERING TIMES and Eastern Gauteng J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MORACEAE Ficus natalensis COMMON NAMES: Common Wild Fig, Gewone wildevy Excellent fast growing shade tree with large root system, not for planting near walls and paving! Although very drought tolerant, water and feed well for best results. Loved by birds. Tolerates indoor conditions in good light. KZN to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MORACEAE Ficus sur (=F. capensis) COMMON NAMES: Cape Fig, Kaapse Vy Fast growing shade tree with large root system, not for planting near walls and paving! Although quite tolerant of drought and poor soils, mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Loved by birds, especially Louries! Knysna to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Gardenia thunbergia Family: RUBIACEAE COMMON NAMES: White Gardenia, Witkatjiepiering Striking structural tree, sparsely leafed making attractive, thick, off white branches and bark very prominent. Weighed down in summer with large, heavily perfumed, creamy flowers, very showy in containers or as single specimen. Slow growing but thrives if fed with organic fertilizer or slow release 3:1:5 before flowering. Makes a funky Xmas tree! E. Cape to KZN. Coastal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: APOCYNACEAE Gonioma kamassi COMMON NAMES: Kamassi Wood, Kamassiehout Small tree, to 5m, with shiny leaves and fragrant white flowers. Lovely shade tree for small gardens, ideal for tall hedges, unusual and rewarding standard subjects. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth and plant with pioneers for best results. Needs a sunny or semi shade, sheltered position George to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CELASTRACEAE Gymnosporia buxifolia (=Maytenus heterophylla) COMMON NAMES: Spike Thorn, Gewone Pendoring A small tree with huge thorns making it an excellent impenetrable hedge, a much faster alternative in the Cape to Natal species such as Carissa macrocarpa and Dovyalis caffra traditionally used for this purpose. A pioneer species creating shade and shelter for slower growing trees, e. g. Milkwoods. Feed, mulch and water to speed up growth. Widespread in the Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE Halleria lucida COMMON NAMES: Notsung Attractive foliage, small tree with orange, fuschia-like flowers and edible berries which attract birds. Fast growing with a beautiful pendulous habit when older if lower branches are removed. Can also be pruned to form a hedge or windbreak. Fairly drought resistant, but mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Needs a sunny or semi shade, sheltered position Widespread:Gifberg to KZN and Limpopo. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Harpephyllum caffrum Family: ANACARDIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Wild Plum Attractive, large shade tree with glossy, dark green, compound leaves and edible red berries in late summer. Fast growing especially if watered deeply, fed regularly and mulched thickly with good compost. Does well in most soils and garden positions. Good street tree. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Heteropyxis natalensis Family: MYRTACEAE

Lovely, neat ornamental tree, glossy green foliage which turns red in autumn. Bark and leaves lavenderscented. Small fragrant cream flowers. Good container subject for full sun, favourite bonsai choice. Water and feed well for fastest growth, plant in sheltered position. EC to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: MALVACEAE Hibiscus tiliaceus COMMON NAMES: Lagoon Hibiscus Handsome tree forming a dense crown of dark green leaves. Enormous yellow dark centred flowers maturing to orange give an impressive bi-coloured effect. Needs a wet, sheltered position. Feed with slow release 2:3:2 organic or chemical fertilizer, water regularly for best results and prune to shape. E. Cape to KZN, coastal. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: AQUIFOLIACEAE Ilex mitis COMMON NAMES: Cape Holly, Without Medium tree with shiny leaves and attractive red, holly-like berries. Lovely shade tree. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth and plant with pioneers for best results. Needs a sunny or semi shade, sheltered position. Peninsula to KZN and Limpopo. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: BIGNONIACEAE Kigelia africana COMMON NAMES: Sausage Tree Structural shade tree with huge maroon flowers followed by large, oblong, grey fruits. Leaves large, deep green, very showy. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. The huge, sausage-like pods are famous as some of the largest in the world - not for parking areas! KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: FLACOURTIACEAE Kiggelaria africana COMMON NAMES: Wildeperske Large fast-growing tree with cream flowers. The fruits are round green capsules containing bright orange seeds in summer. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Needs a sunny position. Acraea butterflies breed on this tree & their larvae are eaten by birds. Ideal for ecologically minded gardeners. Clanwilliam to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Lauridia tetragona = Cassine tetragona Family: CELASTRACEAE COMMON NAMES: Climbing Saffron, Ranksaffraan A small tree or scrambling shrub with leathery, glossy, toothed leaves and small, creamy flowers which are carried in dense flower heads. The fleshy, red to purple fruits which ripen in Dec-June attract birds. In nature, it can be found in evergreen forest and on forest margins as well as wooded grassland and coastal thicket. Feed and water well until established. Hermanus to Northern Province FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: ANACARDIACEAE Loxostylis alata COMMON NAMES: Tarwood, Teerhout Small tree, young leaves tinged with red, showy flowers pink to brick red. Very beautiful and ideal for small gardens. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Needs a sunny or semi shade, sheltered position W.Cape to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CELASTRACEAE Maytenus acuminata COMMON NAMES: Silky Bark, Sybas A small tree or large shrub which occurs naturally in forest, on forest margins and mountain sides. The small, creamy flowers are followed by fruits with bright orange or red arils. This species is useful as a small tree for suburban gardens where it will give lightly dappled shade. It will look especially effective planted in groups in the way that exotic silver birch is used. Nieuwoudtville to Cape peninsula to tropical Africa FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Metrosideros angustifolia Family: MYRTACEAE

Small tree up to 4m which grows along water courses and river banks. Small, shiny, narrow leaves and small, yellowish-green flowers in dense, conspicuous terminal clusters. Attractively textured bark. Gifberg to Ceres, Caledon to Swellendam. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Myrsine africana Family: MYRSINACEAE

Small dense tree or large shrub with rounded leaves, pink flowers and black berries. Can be pruned into an attractive hedge, good for Bonsai or topiary subject. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth and plant with pioneers for best results. Needs a sunny or semi shade, well drained position Peninsula to P. E. and E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Noltea africana Family: RHAMNACEAE COMMON NAMES: Soap bush, Seepblinkblaar Small bushy tree,with spreading branches with oblong-lanceolate dark green glossy leaves. The small, creamy-white flowers have a sweet, but not overpowering scent. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Crushed twigs and leaves used as a soap substitute - conveninet as it grows naturally along water courses! Cape Peninsula to KZN FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Nuxia floribunda Family: LOGANIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Vlier Attractive evergreen tree to ±8m, prefers moist areas. Shiny leaves almost obscured by large sprays of small, sweetly-scented cream flowers. Water regularly and plant in deep, rich soil, responds well to regular feeding with organic fertiliser or 2:3:2. George to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 121

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Family: OLEACEAE Olea capensis ssp. macrocarpa COMMON NAMES: Ysterhout An exceptionally beautiful big tree with large glossy leaves. Scented flowers with large edible fruits. Rare in cultivation. Feed, mulch and water to speed up growth mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth and plant with pioneers for best results. Needs a sunny or semi shade, sheltered position Coastal from Peninsula, E. Cape to Natal and C. Tvl. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: OLEACEAE Olea europea ssp. africana COMMON NAMES: Wilde Olys Good shade tree with neat rounded crown and edible fruits. The white or cream flowers are carried in terminal clusters. They are sweetly scented. Excellent bonsai subject. Drought resistant but water and feed well for fastest growth. Widespread in S. A. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ARECACEAE Phoenix reclinata COMMON NAMES: Wild Date Palm Attractive, graceful palm, forming a large, often multi stemmed tree similar in shape to the bamboo palm, up to 12m. Fruits edible, similar to commercial dates. Although it is drought resistant, the wild date palm thrives if fed and watered regularly and makes a handsome and effective specimen tree in large gardens and along roads. P. E. to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: PITTOSPORACEAE Pittosporum viridiflorum COMMON NAMES: Cheese wood, Kasuur This handsome tree has glossy leaves, scented attractive flowers and reddish fruits, a must for bird gardens. Makes a good hedge or specimen tree for small gardens or containers, as it has a nonaggressive root system. Plant in full sun or semi shade, well drained position and feed and water regularly to maximise growth. Swellendam to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Podocarpus elongatus (=Afrocarpus elongatus) Family: PODOCARPACEAE

Narrow dark green leaves, very tall growing, stately tree. Water and feed well for fastest growth, plant with pioneers for best results. Makes an attractive potplant or 'Christmas tree'. Niewoudtville to Peninsula to Swellendam. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Podocarpus falcatus (=Afrocarpus falcatus) Family: PODOCARPACEAE COMMON NAMES: Outeniekwageelhout Large tree with lush green needle-like foliage. Water and feed well for fastest growth, plant with pioneers for best results. Swellendam to KZN and Mphumalanga FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 122

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Family: PODOCARPACEAE Podocarpus latifolius (=Afrocarpus latifolius) COMMON NAMES: Real Yellow wood, Opregte geelout Medium to large tree with attractive blue/green foliage and compact conifer like growth habit. Water and feed well for fastest growth. Plant with pioneers for best results. Peninsula to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ROSACEAE Prunus africana COMMON NAMES: Rooistinkhout Lovely shade tree with new leaves tinged red and thick rough bark, small round fruits. Occurs in montane forests. Water and feed well for fastest growth, plant with pioneers for best results. George, Knysna and E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUBIACEAE Psydrax obovata (=Canthium obovatum) COMMON NAMES: Quar, Kwar This lovely evergreen tree has a distinctive, structural arrangement of branches. The bright green, rounded leaves are glossy and leathery in texture. Althought the flowers are insignificant, the foliage and structure of this tree is so attractive, that it could even make a good container subject. It looks good at all times of the year. Plant in well drained soil in sun or light shade and feed with organic or other fertiliser to enjoy optimum foliage quality. Humansdorp to Zimbabwe FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: MYRSINACEAE Rapanea melanophloeos COMMON NAMES: Boekenhout Medium - large tree, leathery maroon leaves tinged pink at tips produces copious purple berries loved by birds. A pioneer species, providing shade and protection for slower growing trees. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Peninsula to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Rauvolfia caffra Family: APOCYNACEAE COMMON NAMES: Quinine Tree Medium to fast growing tree with large leaves and cream scented flowers. Creates a tropical effect. Plant in sunny sheltered position and feed and water regularly for maximum growth. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Rhamnus prinoides Family: RHAMNACEAE COMMON NAMES: Blinkblaar Multi-stemmed small tree or large shrub with glossy leaves and red berries. Very attractive garden subject loved by birds. Often used for cut foliage in flower arranging. A pioneer species, creating shade and shelter for slower growing trees, e. g. Milkwoods. Feed, mulch and water to speed up growth. Riversdale to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 123

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Family: ANACARDIACEAE Rhus chirindensis (=Searsia chirindensis) COMMON NAMES: Red Currant, Bostaaibos Large tree with a neat, dense, rounded crown of glossy green leaves, attractive currant-like berries and beautiful autumn colour. Prune side branches to form a single stem tree, young trees have thorns which disappear with age. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Swellendam to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Rhus crenata 'Giant' (=Searsia crenata) Family: ANACARDIACEAE

An exciting, NEW introduction to our range. This is Super-Rhus with the muscles to prove it. Foliage is dark green, glossy and twice the size of that generally seen. The biggest bonus of all is that its resistant to root-rot pathogens: all in all a superior selection. Ideal for hedging in full sun if kept clipped, or as a large shrub or small tree if planted on its own. Maintain foliage quality with occasional feeds of 3:1:5 or other fertilizer. New Plant Nursery selection FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ANACARDIACEAE Rhus glauca (=Searsia glauca) COMMON NAMES: Bloukoenibos, Blue Kuni-bush A large shrub. Can be pruned to form a small tree, ±8m. Attractive, silvery 3-foliate leaves on angular branches. Fast-growing, drought tolerant and hardy to coastal conditions, this is an ideal windbreak, hedge or screen for coastal gardens. Attracts birds. Coastal, Peninsula to E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ANACARDIACEAE Rhus lancea (=Searsia lancea) COMMON NAMES: River Karee Small, attractive tree with weeping habit ideal for small gardens. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Karoo, Klein Karoo, O. F. S. to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Rhus lucida (=Searsia lucida) Family: ANACARDIACEAE COMMON NAMES: Glossy Current, Blinktaaibos Small tree with attractive glossy leaves, bears shiny red fruits which attract birds. Excellent coastal hedge or screen, loved by birds. A pioneer species creating shade and shelter for slower growing trees e.g. Milkwoods. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Peninsula to E. Cape, KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: ANACARDIACEAE Rhus pendulina (=Searsia pendulina) COMMON NAMES: Witkaree Lovely shade tree, willow-like habit, fresh, light green leaves. Good street tree/windbreak. Fast growing drought resistant, fruits eaten by birds N.and C. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ANACARDIACEAE Rhus undulata (=Searsia undulata) COMMON NAMES: Namaqua Kuni Bush, Koenibos Fast growing, tough tree suitable for screening or hedges. Distinctive, wavy leaves. Happy in full sun, it needs a well drained position and responds well to applications of organic fertiliser or 2:3:2. Clanwilliam to Peninsula and Worcester, FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: CELASTRACEAE Robsonodendron eucleiforme (=Cassine eucleiformis) COMMON NAMES: White silky bark, Witsybas Usually a small tree, 4 to 5 m in height, occuring at the margins of forests, on mountainsides and among rocks. Glossy, dark green, finely toothed leaves are very handsome. Small whitish flowers in clusters. Forest Margins and rocky mountain slopes FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: RUBIACEAE Rothmannia globosa COMMON NAMES: Small-flowered Gardenia, Klokkieskatjiepiering A beautiful ornamental shrub/small tree, ±5m with glossy foliage. Exquisite when bearing masses of large sweetly-scented bell-shaped cream flowers in September. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Salix mucronata ssp. woodii Family: SALICACEAE COMMON NAMES: Cape Willow, Wilgeboom Tall growing, larger specimens have drooping branches, leaves lanceolate and bright green, small flowers in short spikes. Prefers a moist full sun to semi shade position. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Cape to KZN and NW FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Schotia brachypetala Family: FABACEAE

Large tree with rounded crown, striking deep red flowers with large seed pods. Slow growing but a most worthwhile garden subject or bonsai. Planting with pioneers speeds up growth, also mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D

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Family: RHAMNACEAE Scutia myrtina COMMON NAMES: Katdoring Small to medium sized tree usually multistemmed. It has hooked spines making it an excellent barrier hedge. Leaves small, glossy, small cream flowers and brown fruit. Plant in well drained sunny position. Easily pruned to keep neat. Water and feed to speed up growth. Peninsula to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: SAPOTACEAE Sideroxylon inerme COMMON NAMES: Witmelkout Excellent coastal tree with black berries and thick shiny leaves. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth and plant with pioneers for best results. Needs a sunny or semi shade, well drained position. Protected species. Peninsula to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: STRELITZIACEAE Strelitzia nicolai COMMON NAMES: Wild Banana Tall accent plant, up to 5m with enormous, showy leaves and white and purple crane bill flowers. Needs a big space! Plant in sun or shade, mulch thickly, feed with slow release 2:3:2 chemical or organic fertilizer and water regularly for best results. Does well in containers in sun or light shade. Coastal belt from E. Cape toKZN. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Strychnos decussata Family: STRYCHNACEAE

A slender tree, often with slightly pendulous branches. The broad, leathery leaves are glossy and dark green. The flowers are small and greenish-white, but sweetly fragrant. The fleshy, spherical fruits are orange to red when ripe and are favoured by birds. The wood is heavy and handsome, and the ceremonial sticks of Zulu chiefs were once made of its wood giving it the local name of 'king's tree'. LIM, KZN, WC, EC FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Syzygium cordatum Family: MYRTACEAE COMMON NAMES: Waterbessie Tall, upright growth habit, new leaves tinged pink, purple fruit edible and loved by birds - good fast growing tall screen or hedge for most garden positions from wet George to dry and windy Mossel Bay. Successful street tree. Feed, mulch and water to speed up growth. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Syzygium guineense Family: MYRTACEAE

A small to medium sized tree with shiny elliptic leaves. The powder puff like flowers are followed by edible, dark purple fruits. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. KZN to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 126

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Family: MYRTACEAE Syzygium pondoense COMMON NAMES: Pondo Waterwood Attractive shrub or small tree (1-3m) very ornamental with glossy, dark green leaves can be pruned into a ball or lollipop shape or used as a neat hedge. Fluffy, showy white flowers are produced in branched terminal heads. Plant in well drained, sunny or semi shade position. Feed and water rugularly for optimal results. Endemic to Southern Natal,Pondoland Natal Group FLOWERING TIMES Sandstone region J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ASTERACEAE Tarchonanthus camphoratus COMMON NAMES: Camphor Bush, Kamferbos Fast growing tree with attractive fluffy white seed heads and fragrant grey leaves - excellent coastal tree, pioneer species creating shade and shelter for slower growing trees e. g. Milkwoods. Feed, mulch and water to speed up growth. Widespread in variety of habitats throughout SA FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Family: ULMACEAE Trema orientalis COMMON NAMES: Pigeonwood, Hophout Fast growing, pioneer species. Leaves large dark green. Flowers small, cream followed by black berries. Plant in sunny position, feed with organic fertiliser or slow release 2:3:2 and water regularly for even faster growth. Provides natural nursery area for slower growing trees to establish under. Eastern Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Trichilia dregeana Family: MELIACEAE

Excellent shade tree. Although from Natal, it does well if kept out of severe winds and cold. It also is used as an indoor and patio plant. Keep well watered and feed with high Nitrogen organic or chemical fertiliser. T. dregiana differs from T. emitica in that the leaves are darker green and glossier. E. Cape to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Trichilia emetica Family: MELIACEAE

Beautiful shade tree with handsome, dark green glossy leaves - tolerates clay. Although it occurs in the warmer parts of the country, it thrives as a garden or street tree in less windy coastal towns and protected spots. It also makes a good indoor or patio plant. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. KZN to Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Vepris lanceolata Family: RUTACEAE

Attractive small tree, with glossy, lemon scented leaves and purple berries. Ideal for small gardens. Neat growth habit and silver patterned bark. Mulch thickly with good compost, water regularly and feed with high nitrogen organic or chemical fertilizer to boost growth. Swellendam to KZN and Limpopo FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Page 127

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Virgilia divaricata Family: FABACEAE Fast growing small tree with beautiful pink flowers. A pioneer species which enriches the soil and creates shade and shelter for slower growing trees e. g. Milkwoods. Mulch and water to speed up growth. Mossel Bay to E. Cape. FLOWERING TIMES J F M A M J J A S O N D Virgilia oroboides COMMON NAMES: Keurboom This fast growing and popular species is very similar to V. divaricata, except that the compound leaves have more pairs of leaflets which also tend to be narrower. The spikes of showy, pea like flowers range from dark pink to violet in colour. These beautiful indigenous trees can reach full size within four years if they are cared for by watering in dry spells and feeding with organic fertiliser or 3:1:5 from time to time. Cape peninsula to George FLOWERING TIMES Family:

J F M A M J J A S O N D

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