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INSIDE THIS ISSUE:

3 PITCHING Johnson School will host first-ever MBA Stock Pitch Competition.

9 VIEWING CU's Glenn Altschuler moves to prime time on PBS-TV talk show.

Chronicle

Volume 34 Number 29 April 3, 2003

Four CU undergrads are winners of 2003 Goldwater Scholarships

By Roger Segelken Barry M. Goldwater Scholarships, the most prestigious national awards for undergraduate students in the fields of science, mathematics or engineering, have been won by four Cornell students: Mark Laidre, a College of Agriculture and Life Sciences junior from Gansevoort, N.Y.; Eric L. Margelefsky, a College of Engineering junior from Sylvania, Ohio; Sara T. Parker, a College of Engineering junior from Brecksville, Ohio; and Niraj M. Shanbhag, a College of Agriculture and Life Sciences sophomore from Liverpool, N.Y. Now in its 15th year, the Goldwater universities nationwide. All four of Cornell's nominees won Goldwater Scholarships this year, and in the past six years, 23 of the university's 24 candidates have been successful ­ a record matched only by Duke University. Since 1992, a total of 33 Cornell students have won Goldwater Scholarships, and 10 went on to achieve additional honors, such as the Rhodes Scholarship, Marshall Scholarship, Churchill Scholarship or the Hertz Fellowship. · Mark Laidre, who is majoring in ecology and evolutionary biology as well as neurobiology and behavior, graduated from Saratoga Springs High School in 2000. He Continued on page 4

Laidre

Margelefsky

Parker

Shanbhag

Scholarship programs honors the late U.S. senator from Arizona and provides awards of up to $7,500 per year for each recipient to help cover the costs of tuition, fees,

books and room-and-board. This year's 300 Goldwater scholars were selected on the basis of academic merit from a field of 1,093 students nominated by colleges and

Junior Betsy Cooper wins national 2003 Truman Scholarship

By Susan Lang Betsy Cooper of Amherst, N.Y., a junior student in the School of Industrial and Labor Relations (ILR) at Cornell, is one of 76 students selected from a national pool of 635 candidates to win a prestigious Truman Scholarship. Students were nominated for the scholarships from 305 colleges, Cooper nationwide. Open to juniors who plan careers in public service, the Truman Scholarship provides winners up to $30,000 ­ $3,000 for their senior year of undergraduate education and up to $27,000 over three years for graduate studies. In addition, Truman scholars have the opportunity to participate in leadership development programs and have special opportunities for internships and employment with the federal government. Cooper is the 16th Cornell student to be chosen for the award since the Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation was established by the U.S. Congress in 1975 as the official federal memorial to honor the 33rd president. The Truman Scholarship is a merit-based scholarship for juniors with outstanding leadership potential. The award provides funding for graduate school as preparation for a career in government or public service. "Betsy was originally recommended to me by [New Continued on page 4

Flowers of hope

Nicola Kountoupes/University Photography

Alexandra Boehler '05, urban and regional studies, purchases daffodils from Mike Riordan '05, policy analysis and management, in front of Day Hall March 27 during the American Cancer Society's Daffodil Days. The annual fund-raiser once again was supported and spearheaded by Cornell's Alpha Tau Omega fraternity, whose members sold flower bouquets over several days at various locations on campus and in the community.

Weill scientists find new source of stem cells in adult brains

By Kristine Kelly NEW YORK, N.Y. -- In the March issue of Nature Medicine, researchers at Weill Medical College of Cornell University report the discovery of a new source of neural stem cells in the adult human brain. Dr. Steve Goldman and his group made the startling discovery that glial progenitor cells of the white matter, a common population of support cells first isolated by this group three years ago, are capable of giving rise to neurons as well as to glial cells. The cells also can be grown and expanded in culture, where they continue to produce new neurons and glia together. The cells may therefore be considered multipotential progenitor cells, a form of brain stem cell. Strikingly, these cells may comprise as much as 3 percent of the cells in the adult human brain's white matter, making them incredibly abundant.

`These cells may prove to have an important role in the induction and implantation strategies of new cell-based neurological therapies.' ­ Dr. Steve Goldman, professor of neurology, Weill Cornell Medical College

Goldman, the Nathan Cummings Professor of Neurology at Weill Cornell, and his colleague Dr. Neeta Singh Roy had first isolated what was initially thought to be a distinct glial progenitor cell from the adult white matter three years ago. But they had noticed occasional neurons in cultures of glial progenitor cells, which led them to ask

whether these cells might actually be multipotential stem cells, rather than committed glial progenitors. Their experiments, done with Marta Nunes, a visiting graduate student from the University of Lisbon, revealed that the glial progenitor cells of the human white matter were actually brain stem cells. In other words, the cells were able to divide continuously, while giving rise to many different types of neurons, as well as to the major glial cell types, oligodendrocytes and astrocytes. Goldman's group also established that the white matter progenitor cells did not need to be specifically reprogrammed in any way to produce neurons. Rather, the cells were capable of producing neurons directly after their isolation, without the need of any manipulation. In fact, when the scientists introduced adult human glial progenitor cells into the brain of a develContinued on page 2

Cornell research featured at ACS

Cornell scientists took a wide range of research with them to the 225th national meeting of the American Chemical Society in New Orleans, March 23-27. Ulrich Wiesner, professor of materials science, discussed separating proteins magnetically. Christopher Ober, professor of materials engineering, has developed two types of nontoxic marine paint that prevent fouling of hulls. Lawrence M. Cathles, professor of chemical geology, believes that reliance on foreign oil can be reduced by chemically mapping the tens of billions of barrels hidden below the Gulf of Mexico. And Geoffrey Coates, professor of chemistry and chemical biology, has discovered a chemical route for the synthesis of a natural biodegradable polymer. See stories, Pages 7 and 8.

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Stem cells continued from page 1

oping rat, they found that the cells developed into different types of neurons and glia, depending on when and where they were introduced. There are some caveats, though, that serve to distinguish adult neural stem cells from fetal stem cells. The adult cells have a limited and finite capacity for renewal, unlike their fetal counterparts, which are capable of renewing themselves much longer. Also, it is not certain that all of the white matter glial progenitor cells can act as stem cells. The true stem cells may be a select few among the overall population of glial progenitor cells. Nonetheless, Goldman reports: "These considerations aside, progenitor cells that are multipotential and capable of forming neurons are abundant in the white matter of the adult human brain. These cells may prove to have an important role in the induction and implantation strategies of new cellbased neurological therapies." In fact, the therapeutic uses of these cells may be profound. The findings of this study may prove essential in developing new cellbased therapies for neurological diseases where neurons are lost, such as in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's, or where neurons are damaged, as in stroke, epilepsy and traumatic brain injury. In addition, understanding the environmental regulation of these white matter progenitor cells could enable researchers to activate the endogenous progenitor cells to restore destroyed populations, removing the need for transplants. On the other hand, it seems likely that many types of brain cancer may arise from these glial progenitor cells, should they go awry. Understanding how to control the proliferation of these cells might then lead to new cancer treatments. Goldman also is a senior attending neurologist at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital. Nunes is the first author of the paper and is a graduate student in Goldman's lab, as is contributing author H. Michael Keyoung. Roy is an assistant professor of neuroscience at Weill Cornell. Drs. Robert Goodman and Guy McKhann, the collaborating neurosurgeons on this study, are from the Department of Neurosurgery at the ColumbiaPresbyterian Medical Center of NewYorkPresbyterian Hospital. Dr. Maiken Nedergaard, Goldman's long-standing collaborator from the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology at the New York Medical College, also contributed to the paper with members of her group, Drs. Jian Kang and Li Jiang. The group's research was supported by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, the Christopher Reeve Paralysis Foundation, the American Heart Association and Project ALS.

Big Red hockey team checks into the Frozen Four

By Blaine P. Friedlander Jr. Cornell's Big Red hockey machine weaved its way through the NCAA East Regional men's hockey tournament March 29 and 30 in Providence, R.I., beating Minnesota State UniversityMankato, 5-2, in the first round and Boston College, 2-1, in the final ­ on a thrilling, sudden-death, double-overtime goal. The team's next stop will be the NCAA Frozen Four tournament at the sold-out HSBC Arena in Buffalo, N.Y., where the Big Red will face the University of New Hampshire in the semifinal round at noon Thursday, April 10. The winner of the Cornell-New Hampshire game will play the winner of the University of Michigan-University of Minnesota game April 12 for the NCAA national championship. Cornell last won the championship in 1970 during its magical 29-0-0 season. The national championship game will be broadcast on ESPN (Time-Warner Cable Channel 39), and the semifinal games will broadcast on ESPN2. On radio, all Cornell hockey games are carried on the WHCU 870-AM. Following the double-overtime victory in the final, on a goal scored by senior Mark McRae in front of 7,489 at the Dunkin' Donuts Arena, the Big Red team felt nothing but exuberance. "What a feeling," said head coach Mike Schafer to reporters at a post-game press conference. "This team has been driven since last year, a loss to Harvard in the [East Coast Athletic Conference] championship and a devastating loss to New Hampshire [in the NCAA regional tournament]. We've come full circle." McRae, who scored the winning goal at 1:09 in the second overtime, remembered the final seconds. "The puck was there, and I had some space. The goalie was cheating far side and he had stopped me far side in the first overtime, so I decided to change it up a bit," he told reporters. And how important was this goal? "Take my ... greatest goal and times it by a billion. That's how big this goal was," McRae said during the press conference. After the Boston College game, Schafer reflected on his goalie, David LeNeveu. "He's the real deal. If an offensive player put up the best numbers in the history of the game, we'd talk about him for the Hobey Baker [Award, the annual honor given to collegiate hockey's top player]," he said. "David has put up the best numbers in the history of the game. That's why he should be the Hobey Baker [winner] in my mind." The nation's top-rated goalie, LeNeveu has played in 31 games and seen 625 shots on goal, stopping 589 of them, for save percentage of .942. His goals-against average is 1.14, the lowest in collegiate hockey history.

Safe Place Project aims to improve campus climate

For the past two years, the largest number of bias incidents reported to Cornell campus officials have been related to sexual identity or orientation. Since Fall 2001, the Cornell University Gay-Straight Alliance (CUGSA), a student organization under Haven, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Student Support and Outreach unit of the Office of the Dean of Students, has been working in collaboration with the LGBT Resource Center to launch the Safe Place Project, which is aimed at affecting positive change in the campus climate. The project, which is endorsed by the University Diversity Council, was launched officially Wednesday, March 26, via an all-campus e-mail to students, faculty and staff. The Safe Place Project is a voluntary program through which members of the Cornell community may publicly proclaim their support for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender individuals and those who may be questioning their sexual orientation or gender identity (LGBTQ individuals) by displaying a Safe Place card in their offices, on their doors, in their residential communities or in their personal space. Displaying a card identifies a participant's space as a supportive environment where issues related to sexuality, sexual orientation and gender identity expression can be openly discussed. This card is an acknowledgment of the importance of speaking out against discrimination of this nature. Further participation is possible through wearing a Safe Place pin, which carries similar connotations. Diversity initiatives of this nature exist on many other college campuses across the nation, including Ithaca College, Carnegie Mellon, Texas A&M, Georgetown, MIT, NYU, Purdue and Iowa State University, where a comprehensive study was conducted to evaluate the effects of the project. The study by Nancy Evans, published in the Journal of College Student Development in August 2002, noted that projects like this one tend to have a positive impact on the mental and emotional well being of LGBTQ students, faculty and staff. This impact translates into improvements in the academic, social and work environments around campus. Those wishing to participate in the project can sign up to receive a card and pin on the project Web site: <http://www.lgbtrc. cornell.edu/safeplace/>. Participants are not asked to act as counselors and, according to the research, most will never be approached. However, in the event that a participant is approached by an individual in need of guidance, the Web site also features a list of resources so that he or she may direct people to the proper organization or service. The Safe Place Project is sponsored by many units within the university, including the offices of: Student and Academic Services, the Vice Provost for Diversity and Faculty Development, Dean of Students, University Provost, Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education, Campus Life, Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, Dean of the Graduate School and Gannett: Cornell University Health Services. CUGSA is part of Haven and is funded in part by the Student Activities Finance Commission. For more information, contact the project coordinators via e-mail at <[email protected]>.

BRIEF

Goethe Prize: Submissions for the 2003 Goethe Prize, open to all students, are being sought. Graduate students can win up to $500 with an essay (10 to 20 pages in German or English); juniors and seniors can win up to $250 with an essay (seven to 15 pages in German or English); and freshmen and sophomores can win up to $250 with an essay (five to 10 pages in German or English) on any topic connected with German literature or

Chronicle

Henrik N. Dullea, Vice President for University Relations Linda Grace-Kobas, Director, Cornell News Service Simeon Moss, Editor David Brand, Science Editor Jacquie Powers, Education Editor Karen Walters, Editorial Assistant Aggie Binger, Circulation Writers: Franklin Crawford, Blaine Friedlander Jr., Susan Lang, Linda Myers, Roger Segelken and Bill Steele Address: Surge 3, Ithaca, N.Y. 14853 Phone: (607) 255-4206 Fax: (607) 255-5373 E-mail: [email protected] Web: http://www.news.cornell.edu/Chronicle/ Chronicle.html Published weekly during the academic year, except during university vacations, the Cornell Chronicle is distributed free on campus to Cornell University faculty, students and staff by the News Service. Mail Subscriptions: $20 per year. Make checks payable to the Cornell Chronicle and send to Surge 3, Ithaca, N.Y. 14853. Periodical rates paid at Ithaca, N.Y. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to the Cornell Chronicle (ISSN 0747-4628), Cornell University, Surge 3, Ithaca, N.Y. 14853. Copyright Notice: Permission is granted to excerpt or reprint any material originated in the Cornell Chronicle.

culture. The Goethe Prize, endowed in 1935 by Ludwig Vogelstein, is awarded annually for the best essay. The committee may award a first prize and, possibly, a second prize in each competition. Essays should be submitted under an assumed name, but the author must indicate class (freshman, sophomore, etc.) on the essay and submit a sealed envelope containing his/her identity, student ID number and local address and telephone num-

ber. Each student may enter only one essay; former prize winners are not eligible,but winners in the freshman-senior competition can enter the graduate competition when they have advanced to that status. The deadline is noon, April 15. Submit entries to the Dean of the University Faculty, 315 Day Hall. For more information, contact Gunhild Lischke, G75 Goldwin Smith Hall, 255-0725 or <[email protected]>.

OBITUARY

Thomas P. Turner, metadata librarian who helped develop the Cornell Library digital collections and services, died March 22 in Ithaca. He was 35. The cause of death was complications from malignant melanoma. In January Turner was nominated for the 2003 SUNY Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Librarianship. Janet McCue, director of Cornell's Albert R. Mann Library, who submitted the nomination, wrote: "Tom has been particularly successful at applying technological solutions to current needs, at bridging the gap between public and technical services, and at taking a leadership role in digital library development." Turner founded the Cornell Library system's metadata working group, which focuses on making digital resources available to library users. He also served as an adviser on the committee for the development of a central repository for digital image collections and as a committee member on the digital-preservation working group. He presented much of his technical work at conferences around the world. In 2001 he gave a presentation at the National Institute of Informatics in Tokyo. Last year he presented technical information for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome. Turner, who grew up in Totowa, N.J., earned his bachelor's degree in English language and literature from the Catholic University of America in 1989. He earned his master's degrees in English and library science from the University of Michigan in 1995. From 1993 to 1995 Turner was a library associate at the Harlan Hatcher Graduate Library at the University of Michigan. He came to Cornell in 1995, working as a public services librarian at Mann Library. He was promoted to metadata librarian in 1997 and, in this post, helped to develop many of the library's digital collections and services. Turner is survived by Martin Heggestad, his partner of 11 years, and by his parents, John and Deborah Turner. A celebration of his life is planned for Saturday, April 5, at 2 p.m. in the Princeton Room of the Statler Hotel on campus. Turner requested that donations to honor him be sent to Mann Library.

Cornell Chronicle

April 3, 2003

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Cornell hosts the first MBA Stock Pitch Competition, April 3-4

Students from the top U.S. business schools will compete in the first-ever MBA Stock Pitch Competition April 3 and 4 at Cornell. The competition for future stock analysts is sponsored by the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Cornell's Johnson Graduate School of Management. It will take place at the Johnson School's Parker Center for Investment Research in Sage Hall in the center of campus. The competition will provide a platform for students to showcase their stock picking and presentation skills, considered an important part of an analyst's job in the investment industry. The first-place team will receive a $3,000 award and the secondplace team an award of $1,500. "The Johnson School is hosting the competition because we believe the real-time, experiential focus that stock pitching represents is part of the future of investment management education at business schools," said Charles Lee, the Johnson School professor and expert on stock valuation who directs the Parker Center. "The new breed of investment analyst must be independent and able to provide strong analysis to back selections with a full understanding that success comes from the performance of the equity." In addition to the Johnson School, teams of three are competing from top-tier business schools: Harvard, the University of Chicago, New York University, Dartmouth, Duke, Columbia, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the University of Pennsylvania (Wharton) and the University of Michigan. The judges for the competition are six expert analysts and investment managers from both the buy and sell sides of Wall Street equity investing. They are: Richard E. Cripps, CFA, chief market strategist, Legg Mason; Andrew J. Galligan Jr., CFA, director and analyst, TimesSquare Capital Management; William R. Gruver, visiting professor and distinguished executive in residence, Bucknell University, and former general partner and CAO, Goldman Sachs & Co. equities division; Judah S. Kraushaar, former sell-side analyst, Merrill Lynch, and a No. 1 ranked Institutional Investor money center bank analyst; Stephen A. Lanzendorf, CFA and principal, Independence Investments; and Peter A. Wright, founder, P.A.W. Partners, one of the largest U.S. hedge funds. The format is as follows: Before the contest begins, students will train to use two computer-based equity research systems at the Parker Center ­ FactSet, an online investment research service used by financial institutions worldwide, and Reuters StockVal, an equity analysis and portfolio management tool used globally by institutional investment firms. The contestants will then research and prepare three stock pitches for a preliminary and a final round. Each pitch will be no more than five minutes, plus an additional five to 10 minutes for questions from judges. In the preliminary round, teams will pitch two stocks, one common to all teams and one chosen at each team's discretion from an assigned industry. "The Johnson School is thrilled to be the co-sponsor and host of this event," said Lee. "We believe stock analysis and presentation are vital skills for the new breed of analyst. Live teaching and live cases need to be an integral part of business schools' programs, particularly in the area of investment management." The competition takes place under the auspices of the Parker Center, a hands-on teaching center for financial analysis. In addition to the Johnson School and NYSE, FactSet and StockVal are competition cosponsors. For details, see this Web site: <http://www.mbastockpitch.com/>. For highlights the week after the event, see <http://www.johnson.cornell.edu>.

Research show and tell

Best biz idea winner after competition is a tasty apple snack

By Linda Myers A low-tech idea for a healthy and delicious fast-food snack took first place, and an award of $10,000, in a Cornell contest for the best business idea. The winning concept is Johnny Applestix ­ sliced-toorder sticks of fresh apples lightly fried in canola oil, tossed in a secret blend seasoned with cinnamon and sugar, then served with the customer's choice of a vanilla or a caramel dipping sauce. It was developed by Mark Kuperman and Anthony Dellamano, both second-year students in the master's of management in hospitality program at Cornell's School of Hotel Administration. They hope eventually to market their product in malls, ballparks, airports and other high-traffic areas across the United States. Now in its third year, the annual Business Idea Competition is sponsored by BR Ventures, a student-managed venture investment fund at Cornell's Johnson Graduate School of Management. The contest is open to any team with a business idea and at least one member with a Cornell affiliation ­ students, alumni, faculty or staff. Past winning ideas have ranged from a mathematical formula to improve mammogram screening to a way to make enriched rice for developing countries. Johnny Applestix Original uses all natural ingredients without preservatives, says Kuperman, who teamed with Dellamano to refine the product in Hotel School food laboratories, testing 12 different varieties of Cornell-grown apples to come up with the two that worked best, Mutsu and Ida Red. The two then test marketed Applestix at a stand at the Cornell Orchards last fall. They'll use the prize money to build their business plan beyond the incubation stage so that they can attract additional capital to make and market their product nationally. Winning also earns them advice from successful entrepreneurs, most of them Cornell alumni, whose contributions help support BR Ventures. Earning the second-place prize of $2,500 was a team of four Cornell engineering students. Samuel Lai, Howard Kwong, Kakit Tsui, all Class of '03, and Ernest Fung, a master's of engineering student. Their idea, Invendium Cell Microarray, streamlines the drug development process by combining high-throughput screening (HTS) and biosensor technologies to profile real-time cellular responses to drugs (see <http://www.brv.cornell.edu>). The third-place team, Joshua Gordon '04, computer science, Michael Gordon, and Fred Dufour, won $1,000 for their idea for ClinicTracker. The data-management software application will help medical clinics manage patient information and clinical activities more efficiently (see <http://www.ClinicTracker.com>). This year 90 entries competed for the top prizes. The winners were chosen after presenting to a panel of student managers of BR Ventures plus three fund advisers who are also Cornell alumni: Dan Simpkins '80, M.E.E. '81, CEO of Hillcrest Communications and an executive in residence at New Enterprise Associates, a Silicon Valley venture capital fund; Ralph Terkowitz '72, chief technology officer of the Washington Post; and Jennifer Tegan, MBA '01, executive manager of the Cayuga Venture Fund. Post-competition, many of the ideas submitted also are considered for funding and introduction into BR Incubator, a business incubator managed by Johnson School students that aids entrepreneurs in building their ideas into successful ventures. Armen Vartanian, a BR Ventures student fund manager, said, "This is a real `value add' to the entrepreneur." For more on the competition and BR Ventures, see: <http://www.brv.cornell.edu>.

Charles Harrington/University Photography

Natasha Chance, center, a 10th-grader at East High School in Rochester, N.Y., explains her poster on the "Toxicity of Household Chemicals" to Cornell graduate student in biological and environmental engineering Molly Moffe, left, and East High School teacher Rose Marie Wolf. The poster session was part of the Cornell Environmental Inquiry Research Partnership (CEIRP) Student Research Congress March 21 in Kennedy Hall, in which about 120 high school and middle school students from upstate New York presented and reviewed each others' research projects, carried out with the assistance of Cornell graduate students who are CEIRP fellows.

Former weapons inspector questions the war

By Robert Sullivan III '04 America is fighting its current war in Iraq for all the wrong reasons, according to former United Nations weapons inspector William Scott Ritter Jr. On March 28 in the Statler Auditorium on campus, Ritter told a Cornell audience that he does not be- Scott Ritter lieve Iraq possesses weapons of mass destruction and hence is not a threat to U.S. national security. Formerly a major in the United States Marines, Ritter served as chief inspector of the United Nations Special Commission to disarm Iraq, more popularly known as UNSCOM, until he resigned in 1998. Ritter also has written two books on Iraq: Endgame: Solving the Iraqi Crisis and War on Iraq ­ What Team Bush Doesn't Want You to Know. Ritter was quick to point out that he is not against the concept of war but said he fails to see a need for the current war. "Iraq cannot be shown to constitute a threat to the national security of the United States," he said. "We have lost this war before it began," Ritter went on to argue. Faulty reasoning has been used by President Bush to justify the liberation and disarmament of Iraq, and America's campaign in Iraq incorrectly assumes that the Iraqi people want to be liberated, he said. Now that the United States has committed itself to this war, Ritter said he believes the strategy being implemented by the military is inadequate for the situation in Iraq. The United States has implemented what Ritter referred to as a "radical new way of waging war called effects-based warfare," which is based on flawed assumptions of Iraqi weakness and U.S. international support. Ritter additionally made the point that President Bush assumes Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has access to weapons of mass destruction. But from his first-hand experience, Ritter argued, it is highly unlikely that Iraq possesses any working nuclear, chemical or biological weapons. "The president has convinced the American people that Iraq has these weapons, thereby posing a threat. Ladies and gentlemen, this is a lie," Ritter said. And, he said, the allied coalition was built not with nations that actually supported the cause but with countries that wished to gain an elite status with the United States. Ritter said he does not believe the United States can come away from this war as a "victor." Both the military strategy being employed in Iraq is inadequate and the legitimacy of the United Nations has been destroyed, he said. "We cannot win this war militarily. We cannot win this war diplomatically." In his closing, Ritter exclaimed: "Is it unpatriotic to stand up to this war while American heroes are dying in Iraq? No, if you disagree with this war it is the most patriotic thing you can do. It is a dereliction of your duty as an American citizen if you fail to do so." Co-sponsoring the lecture were the Cornell Program Board, the Cornell Arab Association, Watermargin, the Department of Near Eastern Studies and the Cornell Political Coalition.

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Cornell Chronicle

Energy-industry leader Linn Draper is this year's Durland speaker, April 9

E. Linn Draper Jr., chairman, president and chief executive officer of American Electric Power (AEP) Co., will deliver the 2003 Durland Lecture at Cornell Wednesday, April 9. His talk, "Corporate Responsibility in Turbulent Times," begins promptly at 5 p.m. in 155 Olin Hall. The talk is free and open to the Draper public, but space is limited and tickets are required. They may be obtained from Jennifer Cottrell in the Student Activities and Special Events Office, 106 Sage Hall, 2545446, <[email protected]>, or at 246 Carpenter Hall. In addition to his CEO post at AEP, Draper leads the company's management and technology arm and is president of Ohio Valley Electric Corp. (OVEC) and its subsidiary, Indiana-Kentucky Electric Corp. OVEC provides electric energy for the U.S. Department of Energy's uranium-enrichment facility at Piketon, Ohio. Before joining AEP in 1992, Draper worked for 13 years with Gulf States Utilities Co. in Beaumont, Texas, becoming chairman, president and CEO in 1987. Prior to that, he served on the faculty and administration at the University of Texas-Austin, where he was an associate professor and director of the university's nuclear engineering program. A frequent speaker on behalf of the energy industry, Draper was appointed to President Bush's Council on Sustainable Development and he is the current chairman of the "E-7" alliance of nine energy companies that collectively promote sustainable energy development. He holds a doctorate in nuclear science and engineering from Cornell (in 1970) and was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 1992 for contributions to nuclear power development through research, engineering innovations and overall management. Draper was elected to the Cornell University Council board in July 1998 and also serves on Cornell's College of Engineering Advisory Council. He was appointed to the University of Chicago Board of Governors for Argonne National Laboratory in 1999 and was named to the board of trustees for The Nature Conservancy that year. In addition, he chairs the board of directors of the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations and serves on the boards of the Nuclear Energy Institute, National Manufacturers Association, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, National Business Roundtable, National Coal Council and Edison Electric Institute ­ the trade association of investorowned electric utilities. Chairman of the Boy Scouts of America's Simon Kenton Council, Draper was awarded the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award in 1998 to honor his career and volunteer achievements. While on campus, Draper will attend College of Engineering advisory board meetings and meet with Johnson School students interested in the energy industry. The Durland Memorial Lecture series, which brings distinguished executives from the fields of business, finance and investment management to Cornell annually, is the most prestigious invitational talk at Cornell's Johnson School. It was initiated in 1983 by Roy H. Park, the late chairman of Park Communications Inc., and a small group of donors to honor former Cornell Treasurer Lewis H. Durland.

Michael Hoffmann is named Cornell Cooperative Extension associate director

By Nancy Fey Michael P. Hoffmann, associate professor of entomology at Cornell, has been appointed associate director for agriculture and food systems for Cornell Cooperative Extension (CCE). Hoffmann will continue as director of the New York State Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program, a position he has held since 1999. Announcing Hoffmann's appointment, Susan A. Henry, the Ronald P. Lynch Dean of the Cornell College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS), said Hoffmann, "has done an outstanding job directing the IPM program for the college and the state of New York, and I am delighted that he will be bringing his excellent leadership skills to Cornell Cooperative Extension." Hoffmann will foHoffmann cus his attention as CCE associate director on strengthening relations among Cornell faculty, extension educators and CCE administration. He also will work as a liaison between CCE, government agencies and agricultural industry groups. "Mike is a welcome addition to our leadership team," said Helene R. Dillard, CCE director and associate dean of CALS and the College of Human Ecology. "He is a highly respected, well-known leader in the agricultural industry and among Cornell faculty and staff. His knowledge and solid reputation will serve Cornell Cooperative Extension well." Hoffmann joined Cornell's faculty in 1990 as an assistant professor and in 1996 was promoted to associate professor with research and extension responsibilities. Hoffmann received his bachelor's degree in ecosystem analysis from the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay in 1975. He earned his master's degree from the University of Arizona in 1978 and his doctorate from the University of California-Davis in 1990, both in entomology. CCE, associated with the university and its land-grant mission since 1869, disseminates information to New York state communities. Through CALS and Human Ecology, CCE provides educational opportunities in five major areas: agriculture and food systems; children, youth and families; community and economic vitality; environment and natural resources; and nutrition, health and safety.

Goldwater Scholarships continued from page 1

has conducted research into pheromone communication, forager orientation and resource allocation in colonies of harvester and carpenter ants, and animal-behavior research into visual and tactile signal exchanges among mandrills in zoo habitats. Laidre has been on the Dean's List each semester since transferring to Cornell from Union College in 2001. His previous awards include a Hughes Scholars Research Grant at Cornell, where he is a member of the university's Animal Behavior Club and Anthropology Club. His ultimate goal, after earning advanced degrees in behavioral ecology, is to teach and conduct research at an academic institution or field station. · Eric Margelefsky, who is majoring in chemical engineering, graduated from Southview High School in 2002. His undergraduate research involves the physical properties of poly-elastomer networks, analyzing the stretching and relaxing behavior of cross-linked networks of molecules and developing mathematical models of materials' characteristics. Previous honors at Cornell include the A.W. Laubengayer Prize in chemistry, the Spencer Prize for expository writing and the American Institute of Chemical Engineers' Othmer Academic Excellence Award. A member of the Phi Sigma Pi and Tau Beta Pi honor societies, Margelefsky hopes to earn a Ph.D. in chemical engineering and work in the pharmaceutical industry, developing new processes for the chemical synthesis of medicines. · Sara T. Parker, who is majoring in materials science and engineering, graduated from Brecksville-Broadview Heights High School in 2000. In her undergraduate research, she helped develop more efficient organic light-emitting devices in a Cornell-Princeton University collaboration and, as a member of a nanobiotechnology research team, worked to create periodic structures on silicon-based biosensors. Among previous honors to Parker are the Gregg Memorial Prize in materials science, GE Faculty for the Future Undergraduate Research Grant and the Robert C. Byrd Honors Scholarship. An officer in the Cornell chapters of the Materials Research Society and ASM International, the metals engineering society, she hopes to pursue a career in research and development in industry or to teach and conduct research at a university. · Niraj M. Shanbhag, who is majoring in biological sciences, graduated from Liverpool High School in 2001. His undergraduate research at Cornell involves trehalose, a sugar found in plants, and its role in plant molecular biology and physiology. In previous immunological research, he studied the disease, lupus erythamatosus, in animal models. He has been awarded a Cornell Presidential Research Scholarship, National Merit Scholarship, New York State Merit Scholarship and was a semifinalist in the Intel Science Talent Search. A member of the Biology Student Curriculum Council, as well as the university's Symphonic Band, Jazz Band and Bhangra Dance Team, Shanbhag would like to earn a Ph.D. degree and then teach and pursue research in molecular biology at the university level. Cornell's Goldwater Scholarship Endorsement Committee members this year were Barbara Bedford, senior research associate in natural resources; Donald Farley, professor of electrical engineering; Douglas Fitchen, professor of physics; and D. Tyler McQuade, assistant professor of chemistry and chemical biology. Information on Goldwater Scholarships and other student awards is at the Cornell Career Services Web site: <http://www.career. cornell.edu/students/grad/fellowships/prestigious.html>.

Truman Scholarship continued from page 1

York] Sen. Hillary Clinton's deputy chief of staff, for whom Betsy had interned, working as an appropriations and grants assistant," said Stephen Philip Johnson, Cornell assistant vice president for government affairs. Cooper has worked in the government affairs office as a legislative and research assistant for two years. "I was told that we couldn't afford not to hire her for our office, as she was so good. They were right," Johnson said. "Betsy is truly the kind of person we all are going to work for some day." Cooper, a Meinig Family Cornell National Scholar, a 2000 United States Presidential Scholar (the only female in New York state to receive the honor for academics that year) and a 2000 National Merit Scholar, has taken on a broad range of public service responsibilities at Cornell while excelling academically. She is the founder and president of the Cornell Political Coalition, a nonpartisan organization that brings political speakers to campus, sponsors important volunteer activities and disseminates unbiased political information to students. Previously, Cooper worked for U.S. Sen. Ted Kennedy in Boston as a casework assistant. In addition at Cornell, Cooper has been the principal bassist of the chamber orchestra, a member of the Community Partnership Board and incoming co-chair of the SaveAid lobbying group, a Web site and student activist group that lobbies against state and federal higher-education budget cuts. She is an associate host of the "This Sunday," a public-interest radio talk show on WVBR, director of the Panhellenic Recruitment Counselors and a member of the Alpha Phi sorority executive board. Her numerous honors include a Frederic Conger Wood Fellowship to study British refugee policy in England this summer, a United Leaders Fellowship and induction into the Quill and Dagger Senior Honor Society. "I am thrilled and honored to win this award; the entire application process has been a phenomenal learning experience, and winning came as an extremely pleasant surprise," said Cooper. "I am very excited to take my Cornell experiences, from music to politics to volunteer work, and translate them into a career in immigration and refugee policy." Cooper expressed gratitude to the faculty, graduate students and professional staff who provided extensive support and inspiration to her over many months, assisted with numerous revisions of her application and helped her to define and focus her career goals. Most notably, she said, she credits Beth Fiori, fellowship coordinator with Cornell Career Services; Kate Bronfenbrenner, director of labor research education in ILR; Jonathan Adler,'00 ILR, the most recent Truman scholar from Cornell in 1999; Stephen Philip Johnson; and Robert Smith, professor and associate dean in ILR. She also thanked the scholarship's campus selection committee, which consisted of Fiori; Bronfenbrenner; Thomas Lyson, the L.H. Bailey Professor of Rural Sociology; Alan Mathios, professor of policy analysis and management; and Elizabeth Sanders, professor of government. Bronfenbrenner, Mathios, Sanders and almost a dozen other professors and administrators at Cornell helped prepare Cooper for the Truman Scholarship process by conducting a series of practice interviews. In May Cooper will participate in the Truman Scholars Leadership Week at William Jewell College in Liberty, Mo., near Truman's hometown of Independence. Her plans for the future include working on refugee policy, studying international law and pursuing master's and doctoral degrees in public policy.

Cornell Chronicle

April 3, 2003

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Three Cornell researchers are named Sloan Foundation fellows

Three members of Cornell's faculty, two from the Ithaca campus and one from the Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City, have been named Alfred P. Sloan Foundation fellows. They are among 117 outstand- Gehrke ing young researchers from 50 colleges and universities in the United States and Canada to receive awards of $40,000 over two years. The three fellows are Johannes Gehrke, assistant professor of computer science, and David Lin, assistant professor of biomedigram is one of the oldest such programs in North America. Fellows, who are selected from among hundreds of scientists in the early stages of their careers on the basis of their exceptional promise, are free to pursue whatever lines of inquiry are of most interest to them. Gehrke's award will support research on privacy-preserving data mining and distributed database systems. His research is focusing on the design and implementation of a database system for sensor networks. He earned his Ph.D. in computer science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1999. He joined the Cornell faculty in the same year. Lin's award will support his study of neuronal connectivity in the mouse olfactory system. He is focusing on determining the mechanisms that enable olfactory sensory neurons to form connections in the mouse brain. He earned his Ph.D. in molecular biology from the University of California-Berkeley in 1994 and joined Cornell College of Veterinary Medicine faculty in 2001. Murray studies how the recruitment of proteins to different cellular membranes is achieved and regulated. Her goal is to use computational methods to characterize the structural and energetic basis for the binding of lipid-interacting domains to phospholipid membranes and, in turn, to better understand the underlying forces that govern signal transduction and retroviral assembly. She earned her Ph.D. in physics at the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 1994. She joined the Weill Cornell faculty in 2001.

Lin

Murray

cal sciences, both on the Ithaca campus, and Diana Murray, assistant professor of microbiology and immunology and director of the Computational Genomics Core Facility at Weill Cornell. The Sloan Research Fellowship Pro-

Castillo-Chavez honored by Center for Nonlinear Studies at Los Alamos

Carlos Castillo-Chavez, professor of biomathematics and director of the Cornell Mathematical and Theoretical Biology Institute (MTBI), has been named the 2003 Stanislaw M. Ulam Distinguished Scholar by the Center for Nonlinear Studies (CNLS) at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Castillo-Chavez is spending this year at CNLS supervising seven MTBI alumni, most of them American Latino Ph.D.s and graduate students, in a program of diversified research. The Castillo-Chavez research projects include influenza and dengue dynamics, homeland security and the study of epidemics on networks. Five of his collaborators are recipients of Cornell-Sloan fellowships in the mathematical and statistical sciences, a program that Castillo-Chavez founded in 1997 and now directs. MTBI is a summer research program designed for undergraduates in the mathematical and biological sciences. Applications are encouraged from Latino, black, NativeAmerican and other minority students. Castillo-Chavez's most recent accolade was the prestigious Distinguished Scientist Award by the Society for Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in Science in 2001. He is a native of Mexico who received his Ph.D. at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1984. He came to Cornell in 1985 as a postdoctoral student in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. He joined the Cornell faculty as an assistant professor of biomathematics in 1988 and was promoted to full professor in 1997. He currently holds joint appointments in the departments of Statistics, Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, and Theoretical and Applied Mechanics. The annual Ulam award honors the memory of the late Polish-American mathematician who was among the founders of what is now known as nonlinear science. He played a central role in the Manhattan Project, both during and after World War II. With physicist John von Neumann, he developed the powerful statistical trial-and-error technique known as the Monte Carlo method.

Nicola Kountoupes/University Photography

Corporate recruiters arrive at Ithaca Tompkins Regional Airport on their way to Cornell's Johnson School as part of the school's innovative "Just About Jobs" event, March 28. Thanks to the generosity of donors, who arranged for private planes, 25 companies conducted 202 interviews with MBA students at the school.

CU's Johnson School wows MBA recruiters with its new `Just About Jobs' fly-up event

In a tight year for MBA jobs, Cornell's Johnson Graduate School of Management got ahead of the curve with an innovative "Just About Jobs" event and a little help from its friends last Friday, March 28. With the economy backsliding into recession, many firms that normally send recruiters to the Johnson School and other MBA programs in non-urban locations simply haven't had the budget to do so this year. Enter Sam Johnson '50, CEO of S.C. Johnson and Son and major benefactor of the Johnson School, who offered to fly recruiters to Ithaca and back in a day with a company plane and two other jets rented from the private firm NetJets Executive Jet Aviation. When word got out, demand among recruiting companies exploded, and Johnson School alumnus Charles Lynch '90, MBA '95, a vice president with NetJets, came to the school's aid as well with a fourth jet. Planes left from Boston, New York City and Chicago. There also was a waiting list of companies that wanted to get on board the planes that left from New York City but couldn't, for lack of room. Continued on page 8

Weill scientists discover recycling `traffic warden' to direct white blood cells

By Kristine Kelly NEW YORK, N.Y. -- Under normal conditions white blood cells, or leukocytes, circulate in the blood stream waiting to be called by damaged tissue to the site of injury or infection. Movement of the leukocytes into the damaged tissue from the blood requires the cells to squeeze between the endothelial cells that line the blood vessel walls. This rapid process is called Trans-Endothelial cell Migration (TEM), or diapedesis, and leads to the normal inflammation of the tissue. However the white blood cell must migrate through the endothelial cells of the vessel wall without jeopardizing the integrity of the blood vessel. Just how this is accomplished has long been a source of debate among biologists and immunologists. Now, a paper in the journal Nature by scientists at Weill Cornell Medical College, led by Dr. William A. Muller, professor of pathology and laboratory medicine, makes great strides toward understanding how the white blood cell moves through the endo`Through understanding how the movement of white blood cells into the tissue is regulated, we hope to find ways to inhibit harmful inflammatory responses.' ­ Dr. William A. Muller, professor of pathology and laboratory medicine

thelial cells into the damaged tissue. In their process of exploration, the Muller team has made three significant discoveries. First, they have discovered a new internal membrane structure in the endothelial cells, called the endothelial surface-connected compartment, which lies just below the cell surface (the regular outer cell membrane). Second, they have observed that in normal endothelial cells, parts of this membrane shuttle in a wave-like manner between this compartment and the cell surface.

Last, they have found a new role and function for the adhesion molecule PECAM (Platelet/ Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule), which Muller's laboratory previously discovered. PECAM, which is essential for TEM, is found in abundance within this intracellular membrane and could serve as a "traffic warden" during diapedesis. These findings are crucial because they may provide new targets for anti-inflammatory therapy and lead to more-focused treatments. "Inflammation is the body's normal response to an injury or infection," said Muller. "However, inflammation that is misdirected or out of control is at the root of many human diseases, such as autoimmune diseases, arteriosclerosis and asthma. Through understanding how the movement of white blood cells into the tissue is regulated, we hope to find ways to inhibit harmful inflammatory responses." Muller explained that a score of adhesion proteins, molecules with the specific function of attaching one cell to another, help the moving white blood cell (or leukocyte) attach to the endothelial cells during migra-

tion, thereby keeping the blood vessel intact. One such molecule, the membrane protein PECAM, is apparently critical to this process of moving the leukocytes through the vessel wall ­ acting as the major traffic warden during migration. Using anti-PECAM antibodies with electron and confocal microscopes, Muller and colleagues discovered the novel membrane structure just below the cell surface membrane. Under normal conditions, the PECAM-containing membrane recycles evenly around the cell border. However, when white blood cells begin to migrate across the endothelial cells, the recycling PECAM becomes directed to the specific part of the endothelial cell border across which the leukocyte is migrating. "The newly observed internal membrane, or compartment of membrane just underneath the intercellular junction of the two endothelial cells, contains one-third of the cell's total PECAM," noted Muller, "and is constitutively recycling it to the cell surface and back." Continued on page 6

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April 3, 2003

Cornell Chronicle

Coalition leverages buying power for CU prescription-drug plan

Cornell has recently helped spearhead the formation of a college and university coalition, the Preferred University Rx Purchasing Coalition, to help leverage better prices for prescription drugs used by faculty and staff. The first visible outcome of this coalition was to contract with the second-largest pharmacy benefits manager (PBM) in the country, Medco Health Inc. Serving over 65 million participants, Medco Health can provide a better pricing structure than either of the two PBMs Cornell currently uses, ExpressScripts (for Cornell's HealthNow participants) or Aetna Pharmacy Management (used by Cornell's participants in Aetna's Open Choice, 80/20 and Retirees' plans). PBMs such as Medco Health contract with all the pharmaceutical manufacturers in the country to get the greatest discounts possible for their customers. Medco Health also contracts with nearly all the retail pharmacies in the nation, gaining discounts on prescription filling fees. Medco Health's network includes every retail pharmacy in Tompkins County and surrounding areas. Therefore, in mid-April, participants in Cornell's endowed health plans will be sent a new prescription drug card, which they will need to use, effective May 1, to purchase prescriptions. (Participants will still use their HealthNow or Aetna cards for all other health care.) Under Medco Health, HealthNow health care participants will have access to many more pharmacies in network than they do now, and there will be a single copay structure and formulary listing for both Aetna and HealthNow participants. Copayments for home delivery increase somewhat in order to more fairly reflect the costs of this service. The coalition currently includes Cornell, Princeton, Columbia and Boston Universities. Over the long term, with even more coalition members, colleges and universities across the nation can work together to keep the cost of pharmaceuticals to a minimum. This effort is needed because pharmacy costs have been rising over 20 percent per year for several years now, which directly affects the level of premiums employees pay. Employees will receive important information from Medco Health in April on their home e-mail, including their new prescription drug cards.

CIT offers new options for managing e-mail online ­ with WebMail

By Beth Goelzer Lyons Do you often read your Cornell e-mail on different computers? Have you wished there were an easier way to check your messages on the Web ­ from anywhere? Two new e-mail services from Cornell Information Technologies may help. The all-new WebMail service gives you greater flexibility and speed in accessing your e-mail on the Web. You can maintain an address book, organize and filter messages, and even delete all messages, all at once, if desired. WebMail can be used from anywhere, on any computer with a contemporary Web browser. If Cornell's SideCar software is

cornell.edu @

not installed, security is provided by CUWebLogin, which uses SSL, the same technology that protects credit-card and other sensitive information on the Web. Powering WebMail is IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol), a new option that lets you store and organize your messages, both old and new, on CIT's central email system. IMAP works with both WebMail and Eudora 5.2. Up to 200 megabytes (MB) worth of messages can be kept online, even what you

send, for as long as you want. You can also move messages between personal computers and the server (handy for archiving, or for migrating "pre-IMAP" mail). Initially WebMail and IMAP are being offered on a new CIT e-mail server. By the end of 2003, they should be available on every CIT e-mail server. If you want to use them now, you'll need to switch your e-mail account to the new email server and, to use Eudora with IMAP, upgrade your Eudora software (see <http:/ /www.cit.cornell.edu/computer/email/ eudora/setupimap.html>). Note: If you currently use PureMessage (the spam flagging and virus filtering service introduced in February), you can already ac-

cess WebMail and will only need to change some Eudora settings to use IMAP. Find out more about WebMail at <http:/ /www.cit. cornell.edu/computer/email/ webmail/>. For tips on using Eudora with IMAP, see <http://www.cit.cornell.edu/ computer/email/eudora/imaptips.html>. IMAP, WebMail and PureMessage can be used by Cornell community members who receive their e-mail via the CIT e-mail (postoffice) servers (the long form of their address would be a variation of @postoffice. mail.cornell.edu). Community members whose addresses end differently (for example, @department. cornell.edu) are receiving email via their department or college and may not have similar services available.

MIT researcher will give the annual Julian C. Smith Lectures, April 7 and 9

Klavs F. Jensen, professor of materials science and engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), will deliver the 16th annual Julian C. Smith Lectureship in the School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Monday, April 7, and Wednesday, April 9. Both talks will be given at 4 p.m. and will be preceded by a 3:30 p.m. reception in the Fred H. Rhodes Lounge in Olin Hall. Both lectures are free and open to the public. His Monday talk, in 165 Olin Hall, is titled, "Multiphase transport and reaction in microfluidic systems;" and on Wednesday, in 255 Olin Hall, he will discuss "Microfluidic chemical and biological systems for synthesis." Prior to joining the MIT faculty in 1989, Jensen was a faculty member in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science and a fellow of the Supercomputer Institute at the University of Minnesota. His research interests revolve around microfabrication, testing, integration and scale-up of microfluidic systems for chemical and biochemical discovery and processing. His interests also concern chemical kinetics and transport phenomena related to processing of organic and inorganic materials for electronic and optical applications. The Julian C. Smith Lectureship in Chemical Engineering was established in 1988 by members of the Cornell chemical engineering class of 1962 and other friends, colleagues and former students to honor the professor emeritus of chemical engineering. Each year the fund brings a leader in the field of chemical engineering to Cornell to lecture and interact with students and faculty members.

CU researchers seek volunteers to help scout for bush-eating beetles

By Blaine P. Friedlander Jr. Viburnum leaf beetles are chewing susceptible bushes into skeletal remains in central, western and northern New York state. The beetles, which face few predators, appear to be taking aim at western New England and parts of Pennsylvania, and they are poised to move into the Hudson Valley, the New York City metropolitan area and Long Island. To locate the beetles, Cornell researchers have started the Viburnum Leaf Beetle Citizen-Scientist Project. They are asking home gardeners, landscapers, 4-H groups and schoolchildren to become volunteer "citizen scientists" to scout for the invasive pest beginning in late April. "We can use all the help we can get to follow the rapid spread of the beetle," said Lori Bushway, Cornell senior extension associate in horticulture. "And citizens can help us to understand the life-cycle patterns of this beetle, as well as simple things such as how the weather affects the insect's stages. We are excited about this project because it involves ordinary citizens in gathering valuable information. Ultimately that can help keep this pest from ravaging our landscapes." Bushway said that no expertise in horticulture or entomology is needed to participate in the project. "Even if you've never heard of this pest before, we can show you how to identify it," she said. At the heart of the project is a Web site, <http://www.hort.cornell.edu/VLB>, providing detailed pictures that make it easy to identify the beetle and the viburnum bushes it attacks. Citizen-scientists can register at the site and use online forms to report sightings and other observations. E. Richard Hoebeke, Cornell assistant curator of the entomology collection, first found the beetle in New York on July 5, 1996, at Fair Haven Beach State Park in northern Cayuga County along the Lake Ontario shore. That summer he also found the pest in Monroe, Orleans, Niagara and Jefferson counties. The counties of St. Lawrence, Oswego, Ontario, Wayne and Genesee have since joined the growing list. Now the pest has spread through New York's Finger Lakes region and the Southern Tier. First discovered in Canada in 1947, the viburnum leaf beetle is believed to have traveled from Europe on nursery plants around the turn of the 20th century, according to Hoebeke. It was not seen in North America again until 1955 at Font Hill, Ontario. The insect then went undetected for 23 years, until it was found again in Ottawa, Ontario, and neighboring Hull, Quebec. The adult beetles (Pyrrhalta viburni) are hard to see, resembling small, dark-brown blotches about the size of the head of a large matchstick. The young larvae have an offwhite color, and in the second larval stage they develop black, uniform spots on their backs. Both larvae and adults are devastating to the ornamental plants. An adult female can lay up to 500 eggs, and the larvae hatch in late April or early May. They feed on the viburnum leaves throughout the larval period, which lasts four to five weeks. By early to mid-July, the adults appear and continue gorging on the remaining leaves. They then mate and lay eggs on the shrub's twigs. "The larvae are voracious eaters and can completely defoliate a viburnum," said Paul Weston, Cornell senior research associate in entomology and a project team member. "Later in summer the adults can come back and strip the plants bare again. Repeated defoliation over several years can weaken and kill a viburnum bush," he said. For information on participating in the Viburnum Leaf Beetle Citizen-Scientist Project, contact Bushway at 255-5918.

White blood cell pump continued from page 5

White blood cells also express PECAM, leading Muller's team to hypothesize that the interaction between the PECAM on the endothelial cell and the PECAM on the white blood cell is essential for migration. In in vitro experiments, they prove this by using antibodies to block the PECAM on the white blood cells. They demonstrate that while the white blood cells can still attach to the endothelial cells, the recycling of PECAM is never redirected, and the leukocytes are unable to migrate into the tissue. In summary, these observations reveal a new mechanism, membrane trafficking within the endothelial cell, with PECAM as the traffic warden, involved in white blood cell transmigration. The membrane recycling provides a fresh source of PECAM to adhere to and guide the migrating white blood cell, while possibly expanding the endothelial cell surface to accommodate the extra cell volume. Early data suggest that the recycling of PECAM may also serve to dilute the amount of VE-cadherin, another adhesion molecule at the junction between endothelial cells that, unlike PECAM, is antagonistic to the migration of leukocytes (in that it serves to maintain vessel-wall integrity). Further experiments are also being conducted to determine how this mechanism of PECAM and membrane recycling may influence other adhesion proteins involved in migration, such as JAM and CD99. "These results provide a new kind of target for antiinflammatory therapy," observed Muller. "Instead of altering levels of molecules in the blood that can affect even healthy cells, the therapy could specifically target only those cells that are misbehaving, effectively controlling the traffic and ticketing the `traffic warden.'" Muller, both an M.D. and Ph.D., is also an attending pathologist at New York-Presbyterian Hospital Weill Cornell Medical Center. First author Dr. Zahra Mamdouh and contributing author Dr. Xia Chen are members of the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College. Dr. Frederick R. Maxfield, chairman of biochemistry at Weill Cornell, and Dr. Lynda M. Pierini, from biochemistry, also contributed significantly to this work. This research was supported by the National Institutes of Health, the Charles H. Revson Foundation and an Atorvastatin Research Award from Pfizer/Parke Davis.

Cornell Chronicle

April 3, 2003

7

AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY

­ MARCH 23-27

agrees with theoretical predictions based on magnetometer data. One use for these novel materials, Wiesner suggested, would be to separate proteins or other biological molecules both by size exclusion and magnetic interactions. If a magnetic field is applied to the ceramic structure, molecules tagged with magnetic material would be held back. After other molecules have passed through, the field is turned off and the selected molecule is released. The porous materials also could be used in catalytic conversion. Iron oxide, for example, is used as a catalyst in converting carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide. In theory, Wiesner said, these materials could be made with a wide variety of metals, making other catalytic processes possible. The material is stable at temperatures up to 800 degrees Celsius (1,472 degrees Fahrenheit), making it usable in many high-temperature catalytic processes. Other researchers have experimented with adding magnetic particles to a porous ceramic structure after it is formed, by depositing the particles on the inner surfaces of the pores. This risks clogging the pores, Wiesner said. In the latest experiments, the iron oxide particles are embedded within the ceramic walls. The form of iron oxide created in this process is known as g-Fe2O3. Non-magnetic a-Fe2O3, with a different arrangement of atoms in the molecule, is usually observed after exposure to the high temperatures of calcination. The research was supported by the National Science Foundation, Phillip Morris CCMR, which is a Materials Research Science and Engineering Center of the National Science Foundation.

CU researchers create porous structures that could sort proteins by size

By Bill Steele In recent years chemists and materials scientists have enthusiastically searched for ways to make materials with nanoscale pores ­ channels comparable in size to organic molecules ­ that could be used, among other things, to separate proteins by size. Recently Cornell researchers developed a method to "self-assemble" such structures by using organic polymers to guide the formation of ceramic structures. Now they have advanced another step by incorporating tiny magnetic particles of iron oxide into the walls of porous ceramic structures in a simple "one-pot" self-assembly. Such materials could be used to separate proteins tagged with magnetic materials, or in catalytic processes. "This enables access, for the first time, to protein-separation technology based on a combination of size exclusion with magnetically assisted separation," explained Ulrich Wiesner, professor of materials science at Cornell and lead investigator for the research. One application could be the separation of a single protein out of the thousands found in blood serum. The new research will be described in a paper by Cornell graduate student Carlos Garcia and research associate Yuanming Zhang, Wiesner and Francis DiSalvo, Cornell professor of chemistry and director of the Cornell Center for Materials Research (CCMR), in a forthcoming issue of the authoritative German journal of chemistry, Angewandte Chemie. Wiesner discussed this and other work on self-assembled polymer-ceramic hybrids at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society in New Orleans, March 24, as part of a symposium on hybrid materials.

Courtesy of Weisner Polymer Research Group

Transmission electron micrographs show, top left, the regular pattern of hexagonal channels in the ceramic material and, at right, the smooth distribution of iron oxide particles (dark spots) within the ceramic matrix.

Wiesner's team creates porous structures by mixing organic polymers ­ in particular a class known as diblock copolymers ­ with silica-type ceramics. Under the right conditions the materials self-assemble into polymer channels surrounded by a polymer-ceramic composite. This is "calcined," or exposed to extreme heat to vaporize organic components, leaving a ceramic honeycombed with tiny passages. By controlling the polymer molecular weight and the relative amounts of polymer and ceramic, they control the size of the passages. In the latest work, iron ethoxide powder is added to the polymer-ceramic mix. The iron is dispersed throughout the ceramic portion of the structure. When the material is calcined in the presence of oxygen, the iron transforms into nanoparticles of crystalline iron oxide ­ in a

so-called "lamda" form that has magnetic properties ­ embedded in the walls of the passages. The Cornell researchers note that apparently the surrounding silica-type matrix prevents the iron oxide from converting into a more stable, non-magnetic "alpha" form under calcination. X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) verified that the initial hexagonal cylinder composite structure is preserved under calcination. Measurements with a superconducting magnetometer verified that the nanometer-sized iron oxide particles within the pore walls are superparamagnetic ­ that is, their magnetic properties can be switched on and off by the application of external magnetic fields. The TEM images show the iron oxide particles to be about 5 nanometers in size (a nanometer is one billionth of a meter), a figure that

CU geologist: Billions of barrels of oil lie miles below the Gulf of Mexico

By Blaine P. Friedlander Jr. U.S. reliance on foreign oil production could be reduced by chemically mapping the subsurface streams of hydrocarbons, amounting to tens of billions of barrels, hidden well below the Gulf of Mexico, a Cornell geologist reports. These untapped oil and gas reserves can be found by matching hydrocarbon chemical signatures with geologic models for stratigraphic layers under the sea floor, said Lawrence M. Cathles, a professor of chemical geology at Cornell. "The undiscovered gas and oil potential of the Gulf of Mexico is very large," said Cathles. "We have produced only a small fraction, and the deep-water potential for finding more there is big. In terms of potential, it is bigger than the North Sea. It's about a big a deal as there is." Cathles presented his findings in a talk, "Massive Hydrocarbon Venting with Minor, Constantly Replenished (FlowThrough) Retention in a 100 x 200 km Area Offshore Louisiana Gulf of Mexico," at the 225th national meeting of the American Chemical Society in New Orleans, March 27. The northern Gulf of Mexico basin is one of the world's most active areas of hydrocarbon exploration. A study of an area of about 9,500 square miles found that hydrocarbons currently are being naturally generated from strata deposited during the Tertiary and Jurassic periods, miles below the sea floor. Hydrocarbons are leaking through natural vents at hundreds of locations, and these vent sites have been visited and studied by Cathles and other researchers using small submarines. What makes this area offshore of Louisiana important is the presence of two types of hydrocarbon deep below the gulf floor: the deeper, early-maturing Jurassic and the latermaturing Tertiary. Each has a distinctive chemistry. As these sources mature, the hydrocarbons migrate upward toward the surface through what can be thought of as a myriad of small streams and ponds, much like a natural water system. Just how much liquid hydrocarbon is retained within this subsurface network is a matter of crucial interest, Cathles said. More than 70 percent of the hydrocarbons that have been naturally generated have made their way upward through the vast network of streams and ponds and vented into the ocean. The hydrocarbons are digested by bacteria, which then become food for the gulf's marine life. The earliergenerated, sulfur-rich, carbonate-sourced Jurassic hydrocarbons are replaced by the shallower, later-generated, shale-sourced Tertiary hydrocarbons which fill the producing reservoirs in the northern part of the study area. This displacement of Jurassic by Tertiary oil provides geologists with a measure of the remaining untapped oil and gas below the gulf's floor. The hydrocarbons hidden within the subsurface ponds and streams are about 8 to 10 percent of the Gulf of Mexico's total hydrocarbons. In the study area this represents about 60 billion barrels of oil and 370 trillion cubic feet of gas and is the hydrocarbon that could be extracted, Cathles said. (The remaining hydrocarbons, about 20 percent, stay stored in the source strata.) Cathles said that the telltale chemistry of the hydrocarbons reflects the streams and ponds through which they migrated, and thus could point to the ponds that remain to be discovered and produced. Ultimately he hopes that looking at the hydrocarbon chemistry in this new way could provide geologists with accurate information on the presence and size of the deeper reservoirs. He said: "By combining chemical data from currently producing reservoirs with seismic images of the subsurface using computer migration models, drilling for new deep reservoirs can be facilitated." Funding for the research was provided by the Gas Research Institute in a joint project with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

CU chemist finds way to make biodegradable plastic that mimics bacteria

By David Brand Finding an economical way to make a polyester commonly found in many types of bacteria into a plastic with uses ranging from packaging to bio- Coates medical devices is a long-held scientific goal. Such a polymer would be a "green" plastic, in that it would be biodegradable. Geoffrey Coates, a professor of chemistry and chemical biology at Cornell has partially achieved this goal by discovering a highly efficient chemical route for the synthesis of the polymer, known as poly(beta-hydroxybutyrate) or PHB. The thermoplastic polyester is widely found in nature, particularly in some bacteria, where it is formed as intracellular deposits and used as a storage form of carbon and energy. And yet it shares many of the physical and mechanical properties of petroleumbased polypropylene, with the added benefit of being biodegradable. Coates reported on his research group's work with PHB in the first of two papers presented at the 225th national meeting of the American Chemical Society in New Orleans, March 23. PHB currently is produced through a costly, energy-intensive biological process involving the fermentation of sugar. However, the Coates group's chemical route, once perfected, "is going to be a competitive strategy," the Cornell researcher believes. In order to produce the polymer, the process first requires a monomer, in this case a lactone called beta-butyrolactone. This reacts with a zinc complex catalyst, discovered by Coates in the late 1990s, to make PHB. The problem faced by the Coates group has been that beta-butyrolactone is a "handed" molecule, that is, it has two mirror images, like hands. Polymers produced from a mixture of two-handed forms have very poor properties. The researchers have been focusing on the development of a new catalyst for the production of the desired single-handed form of beta-butyrolactone, a process called carbonylation. The new catalyst, based on cobalt and aluminum, facilitates the addition of carbon monoxide to propylene oxide, an inexpensive ring compound called an epoxide. By using the commercially available handed form of propylene oxide in the reaction, the corresponding handed form of the lactone can be formed rapidly. Coates said that "our carbonylation and polymerization processes are, in our opinion, the best." He added, "A purely chemical route to a polymer that occurs in nature and is easily biodegradable is highly desirable." Members of the Coates group at Cornell involved in the research include Ph.D. candidates Yutan Getzler and Lee Rieth and postdoctoral associate Joseph Schmidt. The work was supported by the National Science Foundation, the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Nanobiotechnology Center at Cornell and the Cornell Center for Materials Research.

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April 3, 2003

Cornell Chronicle

AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY

­ MARCH 23-27

Both the hydrophilic and hydrophobic materials, which can be spray-painted or applied as a film, use the same commercial block copolymer rubber, which provides mechanical properties. The other part of the coating is a surface-active liquid crystalline structure, designed by the Ober group, which determines whether the paint will be hydrophilic or hydrophobic. Ober notes that both surfaces have their advantages. "What prevents bacteria from adhering might be different from what prevents a full-grown barnacle," he said. Unlike barnacles or kelp, bacteria are not dislodged by large flows of water going by. That's where a hydrophilic surface is appropriate, because it denies bacteria a compatible surface to grow on. "The beautiful thing about our system is that we can match mechanical properties exactly, then look for detailed differences in chemical and surface structure," Ober said. Both surfaces currently are being tested by the ONR and by the Ober team's collaborators, Jim Callow, John Finlay and Maureen Callow at the University of Birmingham, England. In addition to the ONR, the work was supported by the U.S. multiagency Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program and by the Nanobiotechnology Center at Cornell.

Self-cleaning, nontoxic coating for ships developed by CU researchers

By David Brand The fouling of ships' hulls, whether by barnacles and seaweed or by slime-creating bacteria, is a major problem for shipping worldwide, and particularly for navies. It has been estimated, for example, that fouling of hulls can create such turbulence as a ship moves through the water that fuel consumption is increased by as much as 30 percent. Traditionally major users of ships, like the U.S. Navy, have attempted to resist fouling by painting hulls with Ober paints containing copper or triorganotin, a tin-based compound. But these paints are highly toxic and can leach into the water, killing marine life. That's why their use increasingly is being prohibited. But help is at hand: A research group at Cornell, led by Christopher Ober, has developed two types of nontoxic paint, one hydrophilic and one hydrophobic, that effectively prevent fouling, whether by bacteria or barnacles. The paints act not only by minimizing adhesion by organisms but also by enabling hulls to become self-cleaning: As a ship moves through the water at 10 to 15 knots, the turbulence created removes the clinging barnacle or seaweed. A report on a solution to marine fouling was presented in three papers by Ober, the Francis Norwood Bard Professor of Materials Engineering at Cornell, and by postdoctoral colleagues Luisa Andruzzi and Jeffrey Youngblood at the American Chemical Society meeting in New Orleans, March 27. Ober has been investigating the problem of marine fouling for the past decade for the U.S. Office of Naval Research (ONR). "Our ability to engineer surfaces has improved dramatically over the past 10 years, and we have learned that not only do you have to control surface energy and surface chemistry, but also mechanical properties," said Ober. His earliest research was with hydrophobic materials, based on the U.S. Navy's experience with water-repellant silicone rubber. Two years ago, taking a cue from materials used in surgical implants, he began experimenting with hydrophilic materials. Although these materials attract water, in doing so a very thin boundary of water is formed that marine organisms can't penetrate. "This layer makes it seem to marine organisms that there's no point in settling there," noted Ober.

Study shows which restaurant table configurations bring in most money

By Linda Myers If you're opening a restaurant or renovating an existing one, a new study from the Cornell School of Hotel Administration could Thompson help you increase revenues simply by purchasing and arranging the right tables. The study, by Professor Gary Thompson, reveals, surprisingly, that mid-size (about 200-seat) restaurants, particularly those affiliated with chains that serve large parties of walk-in customers, produce the most revenues with dedicated tables. Such tables are built for a variety of specific party sizes rather than made up of flexible twoseaters pushed together to form larger tables. The study, "Dedicated or Combinable," is the latest report from Cornell's Center for Hospitality Research (CHR) and can be viewed at this Web site, which posts all CHR reports: <http://www.chr.cornell.edu>. What accounts for the finding, despite the lure of flexibility that combinable tables seem to offer? The study demonstrates that large parties in midsize restaurants with combinable tables are forced to wait until many small tables vacate at once and then can be pushed together to form tables big enough to accommodate the larger groups. Thompson explains: "Placing small tables on hold awaiting the departure of parties from adjacent tables actually lowers the restaurants' space utilization more than having an empty seat or two at the dedicated tables." The study also found that, perhaps more predictably, small (about 50-seat) independent restaurants with party sizes that tend to be small do better with small, combinable tables. To come up with his results, Thompson developed a sophisticated computer model called Tablemix, using data from an actual full-service restaurant to simulate how customers use tables. The model can be used to search for the best restaurant table configuration or to evaluate a specific restaurant configuration. In using his model or creating their own customized model, Thompson says, chains such as Red Lobster, Cracker Barrel, Chili's and TGI Friday's have an advantage over independents because they can draw on past data on average party sizes to determine what table configurations will work best for their anticipated clientele in a new or revamped restaurant. Thompson's findings might be less useful for new independent restaurants that are unable to predict accurately their customer mix or anticipate how it will vary during different times of the day, week and year. Also, his study assumes that vacant tables would be assigned first to the largest waiting party. He hopes future researchers on the relation between restaurant revenues and table configuration will test to see if the results are the same without that assumption as well as account for customer reaction to the aesthetics of a particular table arrangement. In the course of Thompson's study, he observed that there were more than 8,000 possible table mixes for a 200-seat restaurant. He and a colleague are fine-tuning a measurement tool to determine the bestperforming mix of tables for midsize restaurants and will issue a report on it later this year. The Center for Hospitality Research conducts and sponsors research studies aimed at improving the hospitality industry's fundamental operating knowledge.

Book by CU faculty member details ways to save the U.S. Postal Service

By Susan Lang The U.S. Postal Service ­ America's largest public enterprise ­ is in need of reform and should be transformed from a governmentowned entity into a privately owned firm, says an expert at Cornell. In a new book, Saving the Mail: How to Solve the Problems of the U.S. Geddes Postal Service (American Enterprise Institute Press), assistant professor of policy analysis and management Rick Geddes argues that the postal service should become a completely demonopolized company that offers publicly traded shares. Germany and Holland have successfully privatized their postal services, he points out. Geddes, who also is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution and an adjunct scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, said, "The only way the U.S. Postal Service will remain viable is by confronting head-on the financial and structural problems facing this huge institution." He noted that the postal service employs 850,000 workers and handles about 40 percent of the world's mail. Although its revenues are $66 billion a year, it lost $1.7 billion in fiscal 2001 and $676 million in fiscal 2002. Last December, President Bush named a nine-member commission to study postal reform. "The Postal Service's current structure, which was established in 1970, is no longer appropriate. It not only should reflect recent technological advances but also needs to undergo economic restructuring similar to the deregulation of the airlines, telecommunications, oil, natural gas, electricity, trucking, cable television and railroad industries, which are also network industries," Geddes said. The Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 created a selfsupporting postal corporation wholly owned by the U.S. government. By increasing the post office's commercial freedoms, eventually eliminating its monopoly, and by increasing incentives for postal service workers through employee stock ownership, Geddes said the postal service would be subject to market competition and would better serve customers and taxpayers.

April 14 is deadline for community project proposals using CU students

Grant proposals from local organizations and agencies for the 2003 Robert S. Smith Award are due by April 14. Awards of up to $3,500 will be given to programs employing Cornell students on community development projects. Last year, five local organizations shared awards totaling $13,500. The Smith Award, established at Cornell in 1994 with a $100,000 grant by Tompkins Trust Co., is named for Robert S. Smith, former bank chairman and the W.I. Myers Professor Emeritus of Agricultural Finance. Projects will be judged for their potential to stimulate tangible progress in areas such as health, nutrition, community housing, small business enterprise, youth development, arts, agriculture and the environment. Sponsoring programs can be for- or notfor-profit community organizations, agencies or businesses in Tompkins County or a Cornell department, center, institute or unit. Application forms are available from Tompkins Trust Co., Robert S. Smith Award Committee, c/o Jody Beck, Community and Rural Development Institute, 43 Warren Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y. 14853. For more information, call Jody Beck at 254-4916 or Rod Howe at 2559510. To request an electronic version of the application form, contact Beck at <[email protected]>.

`Just About Jobs' continued from page 5

All in all 28 future employers from 25 large, mid-sized and small companies ­ "from MasterCard and Merck to Medsite and Flexline," wrote The Wall Street Journal ­ came to the Johnson School last Friday and conducted 202 interviews with 112 second-year MBA students. Calling the results "a recruiting windfall," the venerable financial daily also noted that Cornell's and the Johnson School's network of alumni helped spread the word at their companies. The fly-up event received glowing coverage in other media as well. "It's hard to describe the energy and excitement throughout the entire school," said Karin Ash, director of career management at the Johnson School. "Four corporate jets filled with recruiters coming to Cornell is unique in the history of the school and the university." The biggest raves came from recruiters, staff and students. "Every recruiter I talked to was truly impressed with both the students, the quality of the event and the commitment of the Johnson School," said Richard Shafer, associate dean for corporate relations. "The event was amazing and made me feel really proud to be a student here," said Colleen Poirier, MBA '04. And MBA student Patricia Murison wrote to Ash: "My hat is off to you ­ you couldn't have been more successful in creating a banner year despite today's economic climate. The buzz around the student body is that they felt it was a wild success. As a Canadian-Australian would say: `Good on ya, mate, eh!'"

Cornell Chronicle

April 3, 2003

9

SOUNDBITES

Here is a sampling of quotations from Cornell University faculty, students and staff that have appeared recently in the national and international news media: "Suddenly the computer became a telescope for the mind, a way of exploring inaccessible processes like the collision of black holes or the frenzied dance of subatomic particles ­ phenomena that are too large or too fast to be visualized by traditional experiments, and too complex to be handled by pencil-and-paper mathematics." ­ Steven Strogatz, professor of theoretical and applied mechanics, discussing the first "computer experiment" conducted by Enrico Fermi in 1953, in an op-ed in The New York Times, March 4.

"There's a lot of hogwash out there." ­ Alan Hedge, director of the Human Factors Laboratory in the College of Human Ecology, in an article that advises on products with good ergonomic design, in the March issue of Popular Science.

WCNY-TV

Panelists during WCNY-TV's "Ivory Tower Half Hour" include, from left: Cornell Professor Glenn Altschuler, Syracuse University's Kristi Andersen, Cazenovia College's John Robert Greene, Syracuse's David Rubin, Onondaga Community College's Tara Ross and SUNY Cortland's Robert J. Spitzer.

"In programming, it's free game. It's whatever the producers of these programs decide to show." ­ Rosemary Avery, professor of policy analysis and management, discussing concerns about the amount of alcohol drinking portrayed on television's reality shows, in USA Today, Feb. 18.

Cornell's Glenn Altschuler is ready for Friday-night prime time, on WCNY

By Franklin Crawford Who needs the "McLaughlin Report" when you have a top-flight brain trust right in your own backyard? Almost every Friday morning for the past six months, fair weather or foul, Glenn Altschuler drives up Route 81 to the WCNYTV studios in Syracuse. There he joins colleagues from regional colleges and universities who have enthusiastically volunteered for a taped panel discussion covering national, statewide and local issues. Called the "Ivory Tower Half Hour," the show has aired Friday nights at 11 p.m. on the Public Broadcasting Service affiliate WCNY since last September. Despite the covert time slot, "Ivory Tower" received such unsolicited high marks from viewers that WCNY executive Michael Fields, along with his producers, moved the show to prime time. Starting this Friday, April 4, the show will be broadcast at 8 p.m. on WCNY (Channel 4 on Time Warner Cable in Ithaca). "I've had colleagues here, as well as people I don't know, e-mail me or come up to me in the supermarket and tell me how much they enjoyed the show," said Altschuler, Cornell academic dean and professor of American history. "I guess before we began taping that only insomniacs and social misfits would be watching TV at 11 p.m. on Friday, but the response has been surprising and gratifying." "Ivory Tower Half Hour" is no gathering of eggheads trading fried air in a mock lecture hall. The talk is relevant, insightful and occasionally humorous. "There is dissent among the panelists, but we are collegial; there is no yelling or screaming," said Altschuler. "While sometimes there is general agreement, it's clear that panelists weigh in with very different perspectives." The program's name is ironic ­ a gesture at something that academics are not usually known for, namely, poking a little fun at themselves, said David Rubin, dean of the S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications at Syracuse University and the program's panel host. Panelists generally include: Altschuler, Robert J. Spitzer, professor of political science at SUNY Cortland; John Robert Greene, professor of history and humanities at Cazenovia College; Tara Ross, associate professor of social sciences at Onondaga Community College; and Kristi Andersen, professor of political science at Syracuse University's Maxwell School. Barbara Fought, associate professor of broadcast journalism at Syracuse, hosts when Rubin isn't available. While the series focuses on issues as wide ranging as the war in Iraq, the governor's state of the state address and the impending construction of the Destiny Mall in Syracuse, final topics are decided in a flurry of e-mails among panelists and producers right up to the show's deadline. Rubin makes the final call. Last November panelists provided all-night coverage and analysis of the 2002 national elections and broadcast on NBC affiliates. "Ivory Tower" panelists also have a little fun themselves. At the end of the show, each panelist gives an A or an F to someone or something. The grading game isn't limited to major players in public affairs. "I've given F's to Anna Nichol Smith and to Pat Boone ­ for a dreadful `patriotic' song, which he performed abominably ­ and A's to Mr. Rogers," said Altschuler. Producer Steve Schnall said the big network shows depend on journalists and political pundits with the occasional talking head academic for a soundbite or two. "Ivory Tower," on the other hand, is a tour de force driven by some of the best minds in academia. Plans for the show began after Fields pitched the idea to Rubin. Together they contacted schools throughout the region and sorted through dozens of resumes, Fields said. "We wanted a good diversity of schools, from elite private colleges, Ivy League, state and community colleges, and we wanted a good gender and age as well as geographic mix," Fields said. "When we considered Cornell, Glenn Altschuler was our top choice and we feel very fortunate to have him. He adds such depth to the panel, and when you see the show, it's obvious that the panelists have a lot of respect and fondness for one another." Fields added: "I know of no other public affairs series on TV that features a panel of academics with backgrounds in political science, sociology and American history, for example. These people are there because they know their subjects, they have to teach it every day and they are used to analyzing news and going beyond the obvious." Coming from Ithaca, Altschuler has to drive an hour each way, as well as tape the show. But he said the chemistry among the panelists and the experience alone make the effort an exciting part of his week. He's also learned a little something about himself that maybe he didn't know: He's got a telegenic personality. "People tell me I'm incisive and funny, though no one has yet accused me of being handsome," Altschuler said. Tune in tomorrow night and judge for yourself.

"... we've done it at great sacrifice. We seem to have jettisoned our position of being conscientious intellectual activists for career mobility and academic success." ­ James E. Turner, professor of Africana studies, speaking at the Conference on the State of Black Studies in New York, commenting on the success black scholars have had in publishing books related to African-American studies, on National Public Radio's All Things Considered, Feb. 7.

"[Value stocks] are not particularly risky ... [and] ... may simply represent good value for investors. In one or two years we will see companies start to change the way they use their cash resources. Instead of buying back shares, they will start paying dividends." ­ Roni Michaely, professor of finance, Johnson Graduate School of Management, in a story citing his research with colleagues, in The New York Times, Feb. 7.

"The enemy-release hypothesis argues that invaders' success results from reduced attacks by natural enemies from their native habitat. The biotic-resistance hypothesis says that invaders' impacts are limited by interactions with native species, including natural enemies, in their new habitat. Our study found both factors are important in determining whether an invading species thrives or struggles to survive." ­ Alison Power, professor of science and technology studies and dean of the Graduate School, describing a new Cornell study that examines how alien plant species can successfully take over new territory, in The Independent (London), Feb. 6.

"The historical imagination ... is not something the literary imagination can ignore in fictionalizing history, because modern minds care about both. Only the best practitioners know how to solve the difficult problem of reconciling and integrating them." ­ Cushing Strout, the Ernest I. White Professor of American Studies and Humane Letters, emeritus, in the winter issue of Partisan Review, cited in The Chronicle of Higher Education, Feb. 3.

Conference in Ithaca to focus on enhanced teaching of Africana studies

The New York African Studies Association (NYASA) will hold its 27th Annual Conference, "Transnational Discourses in the African World," Friday and Saturday, April 4 and 5, in the Clarion Hotel Conference Center in Ithaca. The event, sponsored by Cornell's Africana Studies and Research Center, marks the return of the conference to Ithaca. The 18th NYASA conference was held here in 1994. Registration fees are waived for all students with Cornell IDs, and Ithaca City School District teachers will receive a discount. Workshop sessions are scheduled for Friday, April 4, from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., beginning with a breakfast at 7:30 a.m. A reception is scheduled at 5 p.m. at the Africana Studies and Research Center at 310 Triphammer Road on the Cornell campus. For more information, call Kristi Smith at 255-4625 or Sheila Towner at 255-4626. The conference will focus on the teaching of Africana studies from a culturally informed perspective in secondary school as well as in higher education. Workshops for K-12 teachers, administrators and staff will be held to examine pertinent issues facing Africa in a globalized world. Leading African scholars will present and direct the workshop discussions in areas such as: "Teaching About Africa," "African Centered Education Theories," "Africana Teaching Methodologies," "Africana Global Curriculum Content," "Africana Curriculum Development," "Africana Teaching Materials, Resources for Teacher Continuing Education" and "Teacher Net-Working." Presenters from Cornell and other universities and colleges include scholars, researchers, teachers, community activists and students addressing interdisciplinary and transnational issues within the field of Africana studies. Beginning at 9 a.m. Friday, three Cornell professors of Africana studies will deliver separate teacher workshop presentations under the rubric of "Africana Centered View of the African Diaspora." The Cornell-led workshops are: "The African World in the Americas," by James Turner; "The African World in the Caribbean," by Locksley Edmondson; and "An African Centered Outline of History," by Ayelie Bekerie. Ibipo Johnston-Anumonwo, a professor of geography at SUNY Cortland, will present a workshop titled "Economic Globalization and Its Impact on the African Woman," on Friday at 11 a.m. For a complete listing of teacher training workshops, contact Kristi Smith at the number listed above.

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April 3, 2003

Cornell Chronicle

CU Cinema shows early avant-garde films, hosts filmmaker Bill Morrison

Cornell Cinema and the Pentangle film series present six programs from the 15-program series "Unseen Cinema: Early American Avant-Garde Film 1893-1941," which premiered at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 2001 and has been touring the world ever since. Curated by filmmaker and historian Bruce Posner, this ambitious project includes 160 newly restored prints. The six programs screening at Cornell include portraits of '20s and '30s New York; work by pioneers of abstract animation, such as Oskar Fischinger and Mary Ellen Bute; films by amateur filmmakers like Joseph Cornell; Hollywood montage sequences; and some more well-known work, such as Fernand Léger and Dudley Murphy's "Ballet Mecanique" (1924), Charles Sheeler and Paul Strand's "Manhatta" (1921) and Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray's "Anémic Cinéma" (1925). The series begins Tuesday, April 8, at 7 p.m. with "Picturing a Metropolis: NYC Unveiled," highlights of which include Edwin S. Porter's "Coney Island at Night" (1905), Robert Flaherty's "Twenty-Four Dollar Island: A Camera Impression of New York" (c. 1925-27), Rudy Burckhardt's "Seeing the World ­ Part One: A Visit to New York" (1937) and Busby Berkeley's "Lullaby of Broadway" sequence from "Gold Diggers of 1935." Local musician Peter Dodge will provide live musical accompaniment for the silent films in this program. Other programs will screen as follows: "Light Rhythms: Melodies & Montages" (Sunday, April 13, at 7:30 p.m.); "Cinema's Secret Garden: The Amateur as Auteur" (Tuesday, April 15, at 7:30 p.m. in the Schwartz Center for the Performing Arts, $3); "Writing With Lightning: D.W. Griffith, Mary Ellen Bute and Busby Berkeley" (Sunday, April 20, at 7:30 p.m.); "A F***ing Miracle!: Revolutions in Technique and Form (Tuesday, April 22, at 7 p.m.); and "Dance, Dance, Dance: Image, Movement, Abstraction" (Thursday, May 1, at 7 p.m.). Curator Bruce Posner will present the Tuesday, April 22, program. All screenings will be held in Willard Straight Theatre, except where noted. There will no admission charge for the Sunday night screenings; other screenings will be $6 general, $5 students and seniors, and $4 Cornell graduate students and kids 12 and under, except where noted. For a complete listing of titles screening as part of each program, visit <http://cinema.cornell.edu>. "Unseen Cinema" is a collaborative film preservation project between Anthology Film Archives and Deutsches Filmmuseum sponsored by Cineric Inc. The presentation of programs at Cornell is co-sponsored with the Cornell Council for the Arts (CCA). According to curator Posner: "The beginning of avantgarde film in America is habitually dated to the films Maya Deren made in the 1940s, but such filmmaking has, in fact, had a longer history. `Unseen Cinema' presents the first comprehensive retrospective of this earlier American avantgarde." To learn more about Deren, Cornell Cinema presents the Ithaca premiere of "In the Mirror of Maya Deren" (2002). Documentarian Martina Kudlacek's gemlike study tells the life story of independent film giant and feminist icon Deren (1917-1961). The film will screen Thursday, April 10, at 7:15 p.m. and Saturday, April 11, at 5 p.m. in Willard Straight Theatre. Admission is $4. Cornell Cinema's immersion in early forms of avantgarde filmmaking will be topped off with a visit by awardwinning filmmaker Bill Morrison, who will present his feature-length work "Decasia" (2002) on Friday, April 11, at 7 p.m. in Willard Straight Theatre. "Decasia," created from restored nitrate film, uses decaying found footage from the early days of cinema to investigate mortality and people's attachment to historical material, even as it falls apart. The film is accompanied with music by Bang On A Can. It will be preceded by Morrison's short film "The Film of Her" (1996), the story of a Library of Congress clerk who saves a cache of paper reels, some of the earliest forms of cinema, and then reconstructs and imagines history through a memory of "Her," a woman's image he first saw in his youth. Morrison, the recipient of a Guggenheim fellowship for filmmaking in 2000, has shown his collected works in solo shows at New York's Museum of Modern Art, London's Institute of Contemporary Art and Buenos Aires' Museo de Bellas Artes, among others. Four of his titles are in the permanent collection of the Museum of Modern Art, including "The Film of Her." His visit is co-sponsored with the Central New York Programmers' Group and the Electronic and Film Arts Grants program of the Experimental Television Center in Owego, both of which are supported by the New York State Council on the Arts. Additional funding is provided by CCA. Admission for the Thursday, April 10, screening of "In the Mirror" and Friday, April 11, screening of "Decasia" is $6 general, $5 students and seniors, and $4 Cornell graduate students.

CALENDAR

p.m., and Middle Eastern food will be available between the demonstration and the performance. A $5 donation is suggested.

· Evening Prayer: The Liturgy of the Hours; Tuesdays and Thursdays, 6-6:30 p.m., in Anabel Taylor Hall Chapel.

from page 12

Bound for Glory

April 6: Artisan performs. Bound for Glory is broadcast Sunday from 8 to 11 p.m. from the Café at Anabel Taylor Hall, with live sets at 8:30, 9:30 and 10:30 p.m. Admission is free. Listen to Bound for Glory on WVBR-FM, 93.5 and 105.5.

Christian Science

Testimony meetings: Tuesday, 7:15 p.m., Anabel Taylor Hall. Church services: Sundays, 10:30 a.m., and Wednesdays, 7:30 p.m., First Church of Christ Scientist, 101 University Ave., Ithaca.

seminars

African Development, Institute for

"Law and Democratic Social Change in Africa," Robert and Anne Seidman, Boston School of Law, April 3, 12:20 p.m., 153 Uris Hall.

Barnes chamber organ, built by Munetaka Yokota, with a program of instrumental music, organ solos and concertos. · April 9, 8 p.m., Barnes Hall: Wiebke Thormählen, violin, and Bizarries, guest ensemble from Europe, present string quintets by Beethoven, his friend and fellow composer Ferdinand Ries and the famous violinist Joseph Mayseder. A preconcert lecture will be held at 7:15 p.m. · April 10, 12:30 p.m., B20 Lincoln Hall: Midday Music at Lincoln: Malcolm Bilson, fortepiano. An all-Chopin program. · April 10, 7:30 p.m., Willard Straight Memorial Room: Cornell Steel Band and World Drum and Dance Ensemble, under the direction James Armstrong. Part of the weekly WSH "Coffee Hour."

Cornell Christian Fellowship

Meets every Friday at 7:30 p.m. in the One World Room, Anabel Taylor Hall.

readings

English

American poet John Ashbery will give this year's Robert Chasen Poetry Reading on April 10 at 4:30 p.m. in Hollis E. Cornell Auditorium, Goldwin Smith Hall. Ashbery is a professor at Bard College and is the author of 20 collections, including Girls on the Run (1999), Your Name Here (2000) and Chinese Whispers (2002).

Applied Mathematics Episcopal (Anglican)

Wednesdays, worship and Eucharist, 5 p.m., Anabel Taylor Chapel. Sundays, worship and Eucharist, 9:30 a.m., ATH Chapel. For more information, call 255-4219 or send e-mail to <[email protected]>. "Sphere Packings, Order Metrics and Jamming," S. Torquato, Princeton University, April 4, 3:45 p.m., 655 Rhodes Hall.

Astronomy

"Studies at Near and Mid-Infrared Wavelengths With the Keck Telescope of: 1) Volcanism on Io and 2) Titan's Atmosphere and Surface," Imke De Pater, University of California-Berkeley, April 3, 4:30 p.m., 105 Space Sciences Building.

Friends (Quakers)

Meeting for worship, Sunday, 11 a.m., in the Edwards Room, Anabel Taylor Hall. Child care provided. For information call 273-5421.

Jazz Festival 2003

The Department of Music presents the 12th annual Cornell Jazz Festival, April 3-4. Tickets for individual concerts are $5 for students and $10 general and can be purchased at the door or in advance. If you purchase tickets for all three evening concerts, the package prices are $10 for students and $20 general admission. Tickets are available at the Willard Straight Hall ticket office, at the Clinton House ticket center (273-4497), 116 N. Cayuga St., and at Ithaca College's Dillingham Center box office. See story, Page 12. · April 3, 8 p.m., Barnes Hall: Alumni CowieCarlon Quartet (Robert Cowie and Paul Carlon) and the Trommer and Bissett Chamber Jazz Ensembles. · April 4, 1 p.m., B20 Lincoln Hall: Master class with the Alumni Cowie-Carlon Quartet. Free and open to the public. · April 4, 8 p.m., Bailey Hall: Cornell University Jazz Lab Ensemble II, featuring guest composer and alto saxophonist Phil Woods, and the Appel Chamber Jazz Ensemble. · April 5, noon, B20 Lincoln Hall: Master class with Phil Woods. Free. · April 5, 8 p.m., Bailey Hall: Cornell Jazz Ensemble I, featuring guest composer and alto saxophonist Phil Woods, and the Gussman Chamber Jazz Ensemble.

Biomedical Sciences Hindu

Hindu discussion every Friday at 5 p.m., in 183 Rockefeller Hall. Weekly religious service is Saturday at 4 p.m. in the Edwards Room, Anabel Taylor Hall, followed by a Gita reading at 5 p.m. Honors in physiology student presentations: "The Inhibitory Effects of ADFa and cGMP on Fluid Secretion in the Malpighian Tubules of Aedes Aegypti," Lenora Lee; "The Dependence of Electrical Transport Pathways in Malpighian Tubules on ATP," Daniel Wu; "The Contractile Force of Papillary Muscle Under Beta-Adrenergic Stimulation in Wild-Type and FKBP12.6 Knockout Mice," Jeffrey Wu; "Mechanisms of Self-Tolerance Induction and Delay of Lupus Nephritis Onset by Vaccination of Autoimmune Mice With Idiotypic-Derived Peptide," Jeffrey Vanishtein; and "A Histological Approach to Assessing the Brain Tumor Treatment Efficacy of Camptothecin Pro-drugs Delivered From: Biodegradable Polymer Pellets," Jessica Zellhoefer, April 8, 4 p.m., Lecture Hall III, Veterinary Research Tower.

Mann Library

A poetry reading by Alice Fulton, titled "Cascade Experiment: The Science of Poetry and Poetry of Science," will be April 4, 3 p.m., 2nd Floor, Mann Library.

Jewish

· Conservative and Reform: Fridays, 5:15 p.m., Welcoming in Shabbat with song, in the lobby of Anabel Taylor Hall, followed by a community Shabbat dinner at 6:45 p.m. in the Kosher Dining Hall. Saturdays, 9:45 a.m., Conservative services in the Founders Room, ATH. Call the Hillel office at 255-4227 for more information. · Orthodox: Friday, Center for Jewish Living, call 272-5810 for weekly times; Saturday, 9:15 a.m., Edwards Room, ATH. For daily service times, call 272-5810; all daily services are at the Young Israel House.

religion

Sage Chapel

Richard Riley, director of Sage Chapel Choir, will lead the service April 6 at 11 a.m.

Chemistry & Chemical Biology

"Learning Nature's Strategies of Making Unusual Sugars," Ben Liu, University of Texas-Austin, April 7, 4:40 p.m., 119 Baker Lab.

Korean Church African-American

Sundays, 5:30 p.m., Anabel Taylor Chapel. Sundays, 11 a.m., One World Room (in English), and 1 p.m., chapel (in Korean), Anabel Taylor Hall. Call 255-2250 for more information.

Cornell Careers Institute

"Resolving Work/Family Conflict by Redefining Work Ideals," Joan Williams, American University Washington College of Law, April 10, 4 p.m., 109 Ives Hall.

Baha'i Faith

Fridays, 7:30 p.m., meet in the lobby of Willard Straight Hall, speakers, open discussion, games and service-oriented activities. Classes, speakers, prayers, celebrations at alternating locations. For more information, call 272-3037 or send e-mail to <[email protected]>.

Latter-Day Saints (Mormon)

Cornell student branch: Sundays, 9 a.m. Call 272-1564 or 255-2928 for transportation.

Cornell Folk Song Club

The Cornell Folk Song Club welcomes Canadian singer-songwriter Garnet Rogers on April 5 at 8 p.m. in the Martha Van Rensselaer Auditorium. Archie Fisher, celebrated traditional Scots folk singer, will not be joining Rogers for this concert as originally planned. Tickets are $12 and are available at Ithaca Guitar Works, GreenStar Co-op, Colophon Books (formerly Borealis), Small World Music, at Bound for Glory and from the Cornell Folk Song Club web site <www.rso.cornell.edu/ folksong>. For more information, call 277-8519. Those who already have tickets for the originally scheduled Fisher/Rogers double bill can either attend the concert and receive a $3 refund at the door or return their tickets to the club at P.O. Box 481, Ithaca, NY 14851, for a full refund.

Earth & Atmospheric Sciences Lutheran

Campus ministry at St. Luke Church, 109 Oak Ave., in Collegetown, Sundays, 10:45 a.m. and 5 p.m. Bible study Wednesday, 7:30 p.m. For more information call 273-6811 or e-mail <[email protected]>. "Bedrock Channel Response to Tectonic, Climatic and Eustatic Forcings," Noah Snyder, USGS, April 8, 4:30 p.m., 2146 Snee Hall.

Buddhist

· Meditations: Monday, Wednesday and Thursday, 12:15-1 p.m., Founders Room, Anabel Taylor Hall. · Zen Meditation practice is Mondays and Wednesdays, 5:30-6:30 p.m., Founders Room, ATH. For information, call Anne Marie at 266-7256.

Ecology & Evolutionary Biology

"Geographic and Host Distribution of Avian Malaria Parasites," Robert Ricklefs, University of Missouri-St. Louis, April 7, 12:30 p.m., A106 Corson Hall.

Muslim

Daily congregational prayer at 218 Anabel Taylor Hall. Weekly Friday prayer, 1:15-1:45 p.m., One World Room, ATH. Weekly Halaqa, Friday, 6:307:30 p.m., 218 ATH.

Engineering

"Innovation and Technology," Ammar Hanafi, CISCO Systems Inc., April 3, 4:30 p.m., B14 Hollister Hall.

Catholic

· Weekend Mass schedule: Sundays, 10 a.m., 12:15 p.m. and 5:15 p.m., Anabel Taylor Hall Auditorium. · Lenten Penance Service: Monday, April 7, 7 p.m., ATH Chapel. · Daily Masses: Monday-Friday, 12:20 p.m., ATH Chapel. · Sacrament of Reconciliation: Sundays, 4 p.m., G-22 ATH.

Pagan

For information about United Pagan Ministries, call Cornell United Religious Work at 255-4214.

European Studies, Institute for

"An Evening of Classical Arab Music: Musical Demonstration and Concert," Simon Shaheen, Arab master musician and composer, April 4, 6 p.m., Sage Hall Atrium. The concert begins at 8

Entomology

"Basal Evolution of the Amphiesmenoptera (Trichoptera+Lepidoptera) and the Origin of the Largest Herbivore Lineage in the Animal King-

Protestant Cooperative Ministry

Sunday service at 11 a.m. in Anabel Taylor Chapel.

Continued on page 11

Cornell Chronicle

April 3, 2003

11

CALENDAR

Food Science Horticulture

South Asia Program

"Social Comment and Protest: The Visual and Performing Arts in Pakistan, 1970-Today," Salima Hashmi, Beaconhouse National University, Pakistan, and Shoaib Hashmi, Government College, Pakistan, April 4, 12:15 p.m., 153 Uris Hall. "Civil Society and Hindu-Muslim Riots," Ashutosh Varshney, University of Michigan, April 8, 12:15 p.m., Asian Studies Lounge, Rockefeller Hall. "Friendship and Kinship: Two Conceptions of Political Action," Uday Mehta, Amherst College, April 8, 4:30 p.m., A.D. White House.

from page 10

Star of `Speaking in Strings' will perform at State Theatre, April 10

raised primarily in the United Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, States, has pursued passions subject of the award-winning both on and offstage that have 1999 documentary "Speaking kept her in the headlines since in Strings" and one of classical the mid-1980s. On stage, she is music's most vital and intriguone of the most extroverted ing violinists, will join Anneclassical musicians ever. The Marie McDermott, "a pianist Washington Post described who balances qualities of exSalerno-Sonnenberg as "a citement and spontaneity with clarity and elegance" (The New Michael Tammaro breathtakingly daring and York Times), for a recital Thurs- Salerno-Sonnenberg original artist. ... one of the few classical artists who must day, April 10, at 8 p.m. in Historic Ithaca's State Theatre, 111 State St., in be experienced in person." "When I started," said Salerno-Sonnendowntown Ithaca. The program includes violin and piano sonatas by Beethoven and berg, "I guess I was like Gunga Din. I didn't Faure, as well as Franz Schubert's "Rondo know that by wearing pantsuits, or by playing Brilliant." The concert is sponsored by the the way I play, or by going on `The Tonight Show' and showing Johnny Carson that clasCornell Concert Series. Tickets for the concert ­ which range from sical musicians have a sense of humor that I $19 to $30 for adults and $11-$18 for students would be seen in such a specific way, a nega­ are on sale at the Willard Straight Hall ticket tive way almost. Now after 20 years, the office (255-3430) and at the ticket center at establishment is saying, `OK, we accept you Clinton House (116 N. Cayuga St., Ithaca; because there's nothing we can do about it.'" Winner of seven international awards 273-4497 or 1-800-284-8422). Tickets also are available from the Cornell Concert Series including an Avery Fisher Career DevelopWeb site at <http://www.arts.cornell.edu/ccs> ment Award, McDermott is pianist who and through <http://www.ithacaevents.com>. conveys great sensitivity and spirituality in Student Rush tickets (subject to availability) her playing. McDermott pursues life and music with the same philosophy, paying for $5 will be on sale April 8 and 9. The New York Times noted in a February attention to individual details as well as of 2002 review of Salerno-Sonnenberg and overall shape and architecture. There is, she McDermott that their partnership was a "har- says, "great joy from being aware of every monic friendship" that "brought out the best single note, why the composer has chosen in each other." For their Ithaca program, that note and what its function is within the Salerno-Sonnenberg, 42, and McDermott, work as a whole. It is not unlike a tea 39, have chosen works by Beethoven (the ceremony, where everything is meaningful Sonata in C Minor, op. 30, no. 3), Faure (the and important. In music, the attention to Sonata in A Major, op. 13) and Schubert that detail and the respect for every single note is demand equal strength and projection from very close to being aware of every moment that you experience in life ­ in effect, being both pianist and violinist. Salerno-Sonnenberg, born in Italy but fully alive."

dom," Niels Kristensen, University of Copenhagen, April 7, 4 p.m., A106 Corson Hall.

European Studies, Institute for

"Contesting Europe: Varieties of Euroskepticism in Croatia and Slovenia," Nicole Lindstrom, Central European University, Budapest, April 9, 4:30 p.m., 201 A.D. White House.

Textiles & Apparel

"Effect of Microstructure on the Electrical and Optical Properties of Smart Fibers," Richard Gregory, Clemson University, April 10, 12:20 p.m., 317 Martha Van Rensselaer Hall.

"Real Food Safety in Real Food Plants," P. Hall, Kraft Foods, April 8, 4 p.m., 204 Stocking Hall.

Theoretical & Applied Mechanics

"The Influence of Reduced Tillage and Rye Mulching on Weed Suppression and Fruit Maturity and Yield in Pumpkin," Heidi Rapp, horticulture, April 3, 4 p.m., 404 Plant Science Building. "Evolution of a University Garden," Holly Scoggins, Virginia Tech, April 10, 4 p.m., 404 Plant Science Building. "On Nucleation Peak and Hysteresis in a Discrete Model of Phase Transitions," Anna Vainchtein, University of Pittsburgh, April 3, 4 p.m., B11 Kimball Hall. "The Bathtub Vortex," Anders Andersen, theoretical and applied mechanics, April 4, 2:30 p.m., 205 Thurston Hall.

Wellness Program Latin American Studies

"Violence in Northwestern Colombia: A Contemporary Analysis," Mary Roldán, history, April 8, 12:15 p.m., 153 Uris Hall. Open mind lunch series: "Understanding ADD/ ADHD," Matt Tominey, director for Student Disability Services, April 3, noon, G01 Biotechnology Building.

Materials Science & Engineering

"Surface Self-Assembly and Pattern Formation at the Nanoscale," Gary Kellogg, Sandia National Laboratories, April 3, 4:30 p.m., 140 Bard Hall. "Fatigue in Metal Interconnects," Cynthia Volkert, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, April 10, 4:30 p.m., 140 Bard Hall.

symposiums

Art Department

A Visual Studies conference, "Visual Studies in a State of Emergency," will be held April 4-5. · Session 1: "Cyber-Activism, Performance and the New Politics," April 4, 1 p.m., 6th Floor, Johnson Museum. · Session 2: "Nomadic Bodies," April 5, 9 a.m., Auditorium D, Goldwin Smith Hall. · Session 3: "Challenging the Primacy of Vision," April 5, 1:30 p.m., Kaufmann Auditorium, Goldwin Smith Hall. For more information about the conference, contact Brett de Bary at <[email protected]>.

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering

"Reynolds Number and Schmidt Number Scaling in Turbulent Mixing and Dispersion," P.K. Yeung, April 8, 12:30 p.m., 178 Rhodes Hall. "CFD Analysis of Particle Transport and Deposition in the Human Lung," D.C. Haworth, R.F. Kunz, L.S. Leemhuis and A.C. Davison, Pennsylvania State University; and A. Kriete, University of Pittsburgh, April 8, 4:30 p.m., B11 Kimball Hall.

Molecular Biology & Genetics

"mRNA Capping: Therapeutic Target and Guide to Eukaryotic Evolution," Stewart Shuman, SloanKettering Institute, April 4, 4 p.m., G10 Biotechnology Building.

Africana Studies & Research Center

The annual conference of the New York African Studies Association will be held April 4-5, Clarion Hotel Conference Center, 1 Sheraton Drive. For more information or to register call Sheila Towner at 255-4626. Cornell students with a valid ID will have registration fees waived. See story, Page 9. 4:30 p.m. in the Black Box Theatre of the Schwartz Center for the Performing Arts. Performances continue April 12-13 at 7:30 p.m. Call or visit the Schwartz Center box office, 430 College Ave., weekdays, 12:30-5:30 p.m.; 254-ARTS.

Molecular Medicine

"The FAK/Src/CAS Complex in Integrin Signaling," Steve Hanks, Vanderbilt University, April 7, 4 p.m., Lecture Hall III, Veterinary Research Tower.

Nanobiotechnology Center

"Angular Trapping of Nano-Particles: Rotating and Applying Torque to Biological Molecules With Optical Tweezers," Michelle Wang, physics, April 8, noon, G01 Biotechnology Building.

European Studies, Institute for

Simon Shaheen, Arab master musician and composer, will give a master class to the Cornell Middle Eastern Ensemble on April 3 at 7:30 p.m. in 121 Lincoln Hall.

Gateway Theatre

The Gateway Theatre presents William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night, or What You Will. Performances will be in the Risley Theatre. Dates are April 3-5 at 8 p.m. and one midnight performance on April 4. Admission is free and open to the public. For information, contact David Williams at 253-8650 or by e-mail <[email protected]>. You can visit the Web site at <http:// www.rso.cornell.edu/gateway/>.

sports

Men's Baseball (6-7)

April 5, Yale, 11:30 a.m. & 2:30 p.m. April 6, Brown, noon & 3 p.m. April 8, Binghamton, 3:30 p.m.

Natural Resources

"Man, Fish and Water Resource Development: Harmony of the Incompatible," Ian Cox, University of Hull, April 8, 3:30 p.m., 304 Fernow Hall.

Industrial & Labor Relations

Union Days 2003: "Organizing on Campus: Exploring Students, Youth and Labor in the Struggles for Social Justice," April 3, 3 p.m., 280 Ives Hall. A panel discussion with Ben McKean, United Students Against Sweatshops and Harvard Living Wage Campaign; Sonya Mehta, Young Worker Project, San Francisco; and Bob Muehlenkamp, U.S. Labor Against the War.

Men's Crew (2-0)

April 5, at Georgetown

Nutritional Sciences

"Maternal Determinants of Infant Growth," Jennifer Baker, nutritional sciences, April 7, 4 p.m., 100 Savage Hall.

Men's Crew-Ltwt. (0-2)

April 5, at Pennsylvania

Peace Studies Program

"Military Reform and the War Against Terrorism," Pavel Baev, Peace Research Institute of Oslo, April 6, 12:15 p.m., G08 Uris Hall.

Law School

The H.W. Briggs Society of International Law presents the 2003 symposium, "Practicing International Arbitration and International Dispute Resolution in the Global Economy: Trends and Challenges," April 7 at 6 p.m. in G85 Myron Taylor Hall. This event will bring together three panelists to discuss current issues in international arbitration and litigation: Arthur Rovine, Baker & McKenzie; John Barceló, international and comparative law; and Horacio Grigera Naón, White & Case. For more information, contact Mikael Nabati at <[email protected]> or at (917) 685-4235.

Physics

"MAP First Year Results: Implications for Cosmology," David Spergel, Princeton University, April 7, 4:30 p.m., Schwartz Auditorium, Rockefeller Hall.

miscellany

Alcoholics Anonymous

Meetings are open to the public and will be held Monday through Friday, 12:15 p.m., in Anabel Taylor Hall. For more information, call 273-1541.

Women's Crew (1-0)

April 5, Yale, at Syracuse, NY

Men's Golf

April 5-6, at Mount St. Mary's Invitational

Men's Hockey (30-4-1)

April 10, Frozen Four semifinal vs. University of New Hampshire, in Buffalo

Plant Breeding

"Molecular and Physiological Investigation of Mineral and Metal Stress Tolerance in Plants," Leon Kochian, plant biology, April 8, 12:20 p.m., 135 Emerson Hall.

Men's Lacrosse (5-2)

April 5, Harvard, 1 p.m. April 6, at Syracuse, 7 p.m.

Asha-Cornell

Asha-Cornell presents its annual Spring Dinner 2003 on April 5. Seatings will be at 6:15 and 7:30 p.m., One World Room, Anabel Taylor Hall. The menu features homemade Indian vegetarian foods. For reservations visit <http://www.ashanet. org/cornell> or send e-mail to <[email protected]>. A $9 donation is suggested, with all proceeds going to educational projects in India.

Women's Lacrosse (6-0, 2-0 Ivy)

April 3, National Championship, Ft. Worth, Texas April 4, Princeton, 7 p.m. April 6, Vanderbilt, noon

Plant Pathology

"Characterization of avrPtoB and avrPtoB Homologs in Pseudomonas spp.," Nai-Chun Lin, plant pathology, April 9, 12:20 p.m., 404 Plant Science Building.

Philosophy

"Controversies About Inequality Debate Series: What Duties Do People in Rich Countries Have to Relieve World Poverty?" Peter Singer, Princeton University, vs. Richard Miller, philosophy, April 4, 3 p.m., Auditorium D, Goldwin Smith Hall.

Men's Polo (15-4)

April 3-5, National Championship, Ft. Worth, Texas

Policy Analysis & Management

"Parental Job Loss and Adolescents' Educational Attainment," Ariel Kalil, University of Chicago, April 8, 3:30 p.m., 114 Martha Van Rensselaer Hall. "Welfare Transitions in the 1990s: The Economy, Welfare and the EITC," Jeffrey Grogger, policy analysis and management, April 10, 3:30 p.m., 159 Martha Van Rensselaer Hall.

Cornell Design League

The Cornell Design League's 19th annual fashion show will be April 5 from 4 to 8 p.m. in the Ramin Room, Bartels Hall. Tickets are $7 in advance and $8 at the door. Tickets are available at the Willard Straight box office. The fashion show is a creative outlet for students of different majors and courses of study to display their design work.

South Asia Program

A workshop titled "Andean and Himalayan Maoist Movements: A Comparative Workshop on Conflict in Peru and Nepal" will be April 13 from 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. in G08 Uris Hall. Pre-registration is required. For information visit the Web site: <http:// www.einaudi.cornell.edu/southasia/conference/>.

Women's Polo (16-2-1)

April 3-5, National Championship, Ft. Worth, Texas

Softball (12-3)

April 3, Siena, 3 and 5 p.m. April 5, at Columbia, 1 and 3 p.m. April 6, at Manhattan, 9 a.m. April 9, Canisius, 3 and 5 p.m.

Golf League

Polson Institute

"EU Rural Policies on the Eve of the Fourth Enlargement," John Bryden, University of Aberdeen, April 11, 2:30 p.m., 32 Warren Hall.

Science & Technology Studies

"Malignant Nutrition: A Weapon of Mass Destruction," Caldwell Esselstyn, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, April 3, 4:30 p.m., 122 Rockefeller Hall.

theater

Theatre, Film & Dance No Exit by Jean-Paul Sartre opens April 11 at

The Cornell Women's Golf League is accepting applications through April 17. The league meets every Wednesday evening from May 7 to Aug. 6 at the Robert Trent Jones Golf Course. For an application and more information, contact Nikki Bonanni at 272-3660.

Men's Track (7-0)

April 5, at Pennsylvania Invitational

Women's Track (8-0)

April 5, at Pennsylvania Invitational

Veterinary Medicine

The Veterinary Open House will be April 5 from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Free admission.

12

April 3, 2003

Cornell Chronicle

CALENDAR

emeritus/retired

CAPE Lecture

"Frank Lloyd Wright," Luke Colavito, Johnson Museum, April 10, 10:30 a.m., Boyce Thompson Institute Auditorium.

TO SUBMIT A NOTICE:

April 3 through April 10

Items for the calendar should be submitted by campus mail, U.S. mail or in person to Chronicle Calendar, Cornell News Service, Surge 3, Ithaca, N.Y. 14853. Notices should be sent to arrive 10 days prior to publication and should include the name and telephone numbers of a person who can be called if there are questions.

Sax man Phil Woods headlines 12th annual CU Jazz Festival

The 12th annual Aretha Franklin, Cornell Jazz Festival Carly Simon, Paul continues to swing. Simon, Billy Joel and Legendary alto saxoSteeley Dan. phonist/composer After a five-year Phil Woods will join expatriate stay in Euthe Cornell Univerrope that began in sity Jazz Ensembles 1968, Woods returned April 4 and 5 in Bailey to the United States, Hall. Tonight, April eventually settling in 3, at 8 in Barnes Hall, the Poconos. Early in two Cornell alumni, 1974, the alto saxopianist Robert Cowie phonist formed the '95 and tenor saxofirst of the various phonist Paul Carlon quartets and quintets '92, will front the that have been his Cowie-Carlon Quartet bread-and-butter over along with Cornell's the last quarter-cenjazz chamber entury of touring and resembles. Woods and cording. The group's the Cowie-Carlon original bassist and Courtesy of the Department of Music Quartet also present drummer, Steve free master classes Phil Woods will give two concerts Gilmore and Bill during the course of and present a master class during Goodwin, have rethe three-day festival. the Cornell Jazz Festival, April 3-5. mained with Woods Check the calendar for almost 30 years. listing (Page 10) for ticket information and Other members include trumpeters Tom the full schedule of events. Harrell and Brian Lunch, trombonist Hal It was during the 1950s that guest artist Crook and pianists Mike Melillo, Hal Galper, Woods, after studying at the prestigious Jim McNeely and Bill Charlap. Recordings Juilliard School of Music, first earned a include Bop Stew and Evolution (by an exreputation as a big-toned, aggressive repre- panded band) on Concord, An Affair to Resentative of East Coast hard bop. Over the member on Evidence and the five-CD 20th years, he played with Ben Webster, Benny Anniversary Set on Mosaic. In 1997 Woods Carter, Thelonious Monk, Hank Jones, Red led and recorded Celebration on Concord Garland, Donald Byrd, Dizzy Gillespie, Bill with the COTA Festival Orchestra and reEvans and many other all-time jazz greats. ceived a 1998 Grammy nomination for Best Outside of jazz, he has done session work for Large Jazz Ensemble Performance.

Cornell Institute for Public Affairs

"Emerging Markets in a Global Economy: From Inter-Independency to Economic Integration," Ralph Christy, applied economics and management, April 3, 4:30 p.m., 165 McGraw Hall.

Cornell Theory Center

"Size and Ruin," Zdenek Bazant, Northwestern University, April 7, 4:30 p.m., McManus Lounge, Hollister Hall.

East Asia Program

"Street Resistance and Party Cadres: Women's Activism in Tibet, 1987-96," Robbie Barnett, Columbia University, April 7, 12:15 p.m., G08 Uris Hall.

exhibits

Johnson Museum of Art The Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, on the corner of University and Central avenues, is open Tuesday through Sunday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Admission is free. Telephone: 255-6464.

· "Portraits by Y.Z. Kami," through May 25. · "Dark Jewels: Chinese Black and Brown Ceramics From the Shatzman Collection," through June 8. · "For Our Time: Contemporary Art From the Bennett Collection," through June 8. · "Keyboard Instruments From the Time of Mozart," through June 15. · "A Concert of the Senses: 18th Century European Prints," through June 15. · Art for Lunch: On April 3 at noon, tour the exhibition "A Concert of the Senses: 18th Century European Prints," led by members of the Art History Majors' Society. · Lecture: April 5 at 4 p.m., Ceramic artist Ah Leon will speak about his work, featured in a special exhibition. · Art-Full Family Saturday: On April 5 from 10 a.m. to noon, Ensemble Bizzaries will perform and lead an activity that considers how feelings are reflected in music and art in a program called "The Sad Hippopotamus," for children age 3 to 10 years. Free to members, $5 per family for nonmembers. · An opening reception for spring exhibitions will be held April 5 from 5 to 7 p.m.

European Studies, Institute for

"Arab Music in the Mediterranean Region: Significant Features and Local Variants," Simon Shaheen, Arab master musician and composer, April 3, 5 p.m., 110 White Hall. "Why Local Economics Differ in Europe: An Interdisciplinary Perspective," John Bryden, University of Aberdeen, Scotland, April 7, 12:15 p.m., 153 Uris Hall.

Feminist, Gender & Sexuality Studies

"Click, Flash and Flicker: A Historical View of Home Economics on Film," Jan Scholl, Pennsylvania State University, April 10, 4 p.m., 2nd Floor, Mann Library Addition.

Hotel School

"Data Management and Strategy Paying Particular Attention to the Post-Sept. 11 Environment," John Cahill and Menka Uttamchandani, Database Management of Manhattan East Suites, April 3, 4:30 p.m., 265 Statler Hall.

Information Technologies

"Privacy in the Information Age: How Do We Protect Ourselves?" Dan Solove, Seton Hall Law School, April 10, 2 p.m., 401 Warren Hall.

Johnson Graduate School of Management ­ Durland Lecture

"Corporate Responsibility in Turbulent Times," E. Linn Draper Jr., American Electric Power, April 9, 5 p.m., 155 Olin Hall. See story, Page 4.

Mind & Memory Series

"Art and the Land: Of Memory and Place," Buzz Spector, artist, April 7, 2:55 p.m., 155 Olin Hall.

Elizabeth Schmeck Brown Gallery (Third-Floor Martha Van Rensselaer Hall, M-F, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.)

"A Langdon Portrait," through May 1. The exhibit, curated by visiting fellow Susan Greene, portrays the prominent Elmira family with treasured heirloom apparel given to the Cornell Costume and Textile Collection by Ida Langdon and Jervis Langdon Jr. in the 1930s. "Real Women Have Curves" (2002), directed by Patricia Cardoso, 8:15 p.m., $3. "Roger Dodger" (2002), directed by Dylan Kidd, with Campbell Scott, Jesse Eisenberg and Isabella Rossellini, 10:15 p.m. hyang, with Kim Eul-boon, Yu Seung-ho and Dong Hyo-hee, 7 p.m. "A Rare Look at Tibet in the 1930s," directed by Sir Frederick Williamson, 7:30 p.m., G08 Uris Hall, free. "The Pinochet Case" (2001), directed by Patricio Guzmán, presented by the Latin American Film Series, 8 p.m., Uris, free. "Gerry," 9:15 p.m.

Near Eastern Studies

"Forged Christianity: Uncovering the Ancient Gospel of Peter," Bart Ehrman, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, April 3, 4:30 p.m., 106 White Hall.

South Asia Program

"Street Resistance and Party Cadres: Women's Activism in Tibet 1987-1996," Robert Barnett, Columbia University, April 7, 12:15 p.m., G08 Uris Hall.

Friday, 4/4 Comstock Entomology Library (M-Th, 9 a.m.-7 p.m.; F, 9 a.m.-6 p.m.)

"Through the Lens: An Exhibit on the Intertwined History of Entomology and the Microscope," through May 2. For information call 255-3265. "Frida" (2002), directed by Julie Taymor, with Salma Hayek and Alfred Molina, 7 p.m. "About Schmidt" (2002), directed by Alexander Payne, with Jack Nicholson, Kathy Bates and Dermot Mulroney, 7:15 p.m., Uris. "Roger Dodger," 9:30 p.m. "Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets" (2002), directed by Chris Columbus, with Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint and Emma Watson, 9:45 p.m., Uris. "Gerry" (2003), directed by Gus Van Sant, with Matt Damon and Casey Affleck, 11:45 p.m.

Thursday, 4/10

"In the Mirror of Maya Deren" (2002), directed by Martina Kudlácek, 7:15 p.m. "Catch Me If You Can" (2002), directed by Steven Spielberg, with Leonardo DiCaprio, Tom Hanks and Christopher Walken, 9:30 p.m.

Southeast Asia Program

"Rethinking Pre-Colonial Northern Laos: Reflections From Three Horizons," Chiranan Prasertkul, history, April 10, 12:20 p.m., Kahin Center, 640 Stewart Ave.

Kroch Library (M-F, 9 a.m.-5 p.m., Sat., 1-5 p.m.)

"Mozart and the Keyboard Culture of His Time," in the Hirshland Gallery of the Kroch Library through May 30. "Reuleaux Collection of Mechanisms and Machines ­ Kinematic Models for Design Digital Library (K-MODDL)," through June 30.

Veterinary Medicine

Saturday, 4/5

"Power and Terror: Noam Chomsky in Our Time" (2002), directed by John Junkerman, with Noam Chomsky, 5 p.m. "Throne of Blood" (1957), directed by Akira Kurosawa, with Toshirô Mifune and Isuzu Yamada, 7:15 p.m., Uris. "Roger Dodger," 7:30 p.m. "About Schmidt," 9:30 p.m., Uris. "Gerry," 9:45 p.m.

Mann Library (T-Th, 8 a.m.-midnight; F, 8 a.m.-5 p.m., Sat., noon-6 p.m., Sun., noon-midnight, 255-5406)

"Out of the Teeming Sea: An Exhibit of Glass Invertebrate Models," by Leopold and Rudolf Blaschka, through June 26.

lectures

Africana Studies & Research Center

"Collapse of the Somali State," Said Samatar, Rutgers University, April 9, noon, Hoyt Fuller Room, 310 Triphammer Road.

Dr. Temple Grandin, a world-renowned lecturer on animal welfare and slaughterhouse management, will lecture April 3 at 6 p.m. in Lecture Hall 1, College of Veterinary Medicine.

music

Cornell Concert Series

Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, violin, and AnneMarie McDermott, piano, will perform April 10 at 8 p.m. in the State Theatre, downtown Ithaca. Read the story, Page 11.

films

Films listed are sponsored by Cornell Cinema and held in Willard Straight Theatre, except where noted, and are open to the public. All films are $6 ($5 for undergraduates and seniors/$4 for graduate students and kids 12 and under). Visit the Cornell Cinema web site at <http:// cinema.cornell.edu>.

Sunday, 4/6

"Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets," 3:30 p.m. "A Tribute to Stan Brakhage," with an introduction by associate professor of film Don Fredericksen, presented by Pentangle, 7:30 p.m., Uris, free.

Astronomy

"Bright Galaxies and Dark Matter," Vera Rubin, Carnegie Institute of Washington, April 10, 4:30 p.m., Schwartz Auditorium, Rockefeller Hall.

Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering

Klavis Jensen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, will give the Julian C. Smith lectures: "Multiphase Transport and Reaction in Microfluidic Systems," April 7, 4 p.m., 165 Olin Hall, and "Microfluidic Chemical and Biological Systems for Synthesis," April 9, 4 p.m., 255 Olin Hall. See story, Page 6.

Department of Music

· April 3, 12:30 p.m., B20 Lincoln Hall: Midday Music at Lincoln: Jason Wang, tenor, and Blaise Bryski, piano. Songs of Hindemith and Duparc. · April 5, 8 p.m., Barnes Hall: Festival Chamber Orchestra. Music by graduate composers ChiaChi Chen, Katie Miller and Tom Schneller. · April 7, 8 p.m., Barnes Hall: Organists Annette Richards and David Yearsely, guest violinist Martin Davids and the European period instrument ensemble Bizarries dedicate the new

Monday, 4/7

"Throne of Blood," 7 p.m. "About Schmidt," 9:15 p.m.

Tuesday, 4/8

"Unseen Cinema: Picturing a Metropolis: NYC Unveiled," with live musical accompaniment by Peter Dodge, 7 p.m. "Frida," 9:30 p.m.

Thursday, 4/3

"Occupation: The Story of the Harvard Living Wage Campaign" (2002), directed by Maple Razsa and Pacho Velez, admission is $3 and includes admission to "Real Women Have Curves," 7 p.m.

Cornell Campus Club

Art for Lunch: April 10, 11:45 p.m., Johnson Museum of Art. The lecture and tour will highlight two exhibits "Dark Jewels: Chinese Black and Brown Ceramics From the Shatzman Collection" and "Keyboard Instruments From the Time of Mozart."

Wednesday, 4/9

"The Way Home" (2002), directed by Lee Jeong-

Continued on page 10

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