Read Nostalgia Corner text version

Nostalgia Corner

Articles by

Paul Davison

for Archery Magazine Starting January 2001

Jan/Feb 2001

The January 1971 issue of Archery featured an article on the history of Easton Aluminum. Doug Easton appeared on the cover . . . posing in front of his newest plant in Van Nuys.

was the first year that compounds were used in the Outdoor Nationals.


DOUG EASTON Also, 1971 was supposed to be the inaugural year for the NFAA National Indoor Tournament, but even the best made plans go awry, as reported by Executive Secretary George Rohrbach in his Report From Headquarters: . . . Last month the membership was advised of the initial development of a NFAA National Indoor Championship Tournament. We have received the final results on all the investigations of this tournament from Chairman Vic Gibson, and the news of the tournament is most disappointing. "Final details of the shoot were nearly completed," Gibson reports, "but at the last minute the association was advised the dates for the tournament could not be used." The tentative site was the St. Louis Armory and the dates which had previously been reported to the NFAA now prevent us from using the armory. The only other date for this indoor tournament would be the last of April, and, upon advice from Chairman Gibson as well as other officers of the association, it is felt the date is too late. In late 1970 and early 1971, both Allen and Jennings began placing ads for target compound bows in Archery. Jennings offered a model with white glass limbs, while the Allen ad touted, "George Bigelow won NFAA 1970 Bowhunter Championship with Allen Compound Bow." In fact, 1970


Mar/Apr 2001

The early 70`s were full of controversy and protests -- Civil Rights, the Vietnam War, hallucinogens, release aids, and the compound bow. Notwithstanding the social and political importance of the first three issues, the latter two issues had a most significant impact on competitive archery games. Remember when Freddie Troncoso`s article What`s Your Problem? (later, Ask Freddie and Answers) first appeared in Archery magazine? Some of us wondered, What`s that thing under Freddie`s jaw?

ship on how to handle each of these items. In the case of releases, the final determination by the board ... was: "The following releases will be legal in the freestyle shooting competition: gloves, tabs, ropes, leather straps, ledges and hooks. Mechanical gear or trigger-type devices shall be illegal." In the barebow and competitive bowhunter competition, the only usable objects for releasing arrows are tabs, gloves or fingers. As for the compound or mechanical bow, the following was passed by the board: "The compound or mechanical bow shall be declared illegal in the barebow and competitive bowhunter divisions, and shall be legal in the freestyle division only." It wasn`t too long before these (underlined) restrictions were dropped. The PAA, however, refused to cave in. The NFAA Pro Division then took off.

Independently, the use of the compound bow in competition also created a stir. Both of these issues were addressed at the NFAA Board of Directors meeting in February 1971. Although the PAA was a separate organization, it was concerned that, So goes the NFAA, so goes the rest of archery. The PAA raised a defense fund by selling these campaign badges:

The results of the board meeting were reported by Executive Secretary George Rohrbach in the March 1971 Report from Headquarters: ... Most directors had been instructed by their respective member-

May/Jun 2001

The NFAA members who follow our annual National Outdoor Championship know that there`s been quite a controversy the past few years on whether it should be a three-day or five-day tournament ... and, if three days, which three days of the week. Without going into all the details, the NFAA Directors voted to have threeday tournaments in 2000 and 2001. Several proposals were rejected which would retain the five-day tournament. Also rejected was the Tuesday through Thursday format (not near the end of the week), to allow those with just one of week of vacation have three travel days at both ends of the tournament. Based on surveys taken at the 1999 and 2000 tournaments, most shooters wanted to return to the five-day format. Thus, the 2002 National Outdoor will be five days again. We mention this three versus five day argument because 30 years ago, in 1971, the NFAA tried its first three-day National Outdoor, and it didn`t work either. The reasoning for three days was exactly the same as today`s Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday argument. Here`s a direct quote from the May 1971 Archery magazine: "The three-day format has been adopted with vacation travelers in mind, and is expected to draw more competitors from a wider area." The 1971 three-day National Outdoor failed, however, because it was a killer in more ways than one. First, the six ranges near Cedar City, UT, were laid out in the rarefied air of 10,000 feet. Second, 42 Field targets were shot on Tuesday and 42 Hunter targets were shot on Wednesday. Thursday was only 28 Animal targets in the morning, plus the award ceremonies in the afternoon. With the high altitude, high winds and mountain terrain, many archers, literally, could not finish the competition, and some had to be rescued by the on-call National Jeep Search and Rescue unit. Considering that today it takes about five hours to shoot 28 Field or Hunter, it`s surprising that anyone sur-

vived the daily seven-hour ordeal at 10,000 feet in 1971.

Future NFAA Presidents George Chraft (l) and John Slack (r), along with Executive Secretary George Rohrback (c), scout the 1971 National Outdoor site near Cedar City, Utah.

Jul/Aug 2001

Archery`s Great Leap Forward occurred in the early 1970`s. With the increased arrow speed offered by the new compound bow, it wasn`t long before greatly improved sights, release aids, and high-tech arrows were being offered to the recreational archer and bowhunter. Everyone was excited about shooting much higher scores. [Remember when we challenged (and whipped) pistol teams at 20 yards?] Many archery pro shops, even those with indoor lanes, went belly-up in the 1970`s because they couldn`t afford the required inventory. Mail order archery companies, however, saw their business increase substantially. Two of the biggest distributors, Anderson Archery of Grand Ledge, MI, and Robin Hood Archery of Montclair, NJ, offered complete lines from nearly every archery tackle manufacturer. Robin Hood`s 1971 Championship Edition catalog was a whopping 268 pages thick! It had grown from a mere 16-page pamphlet. [Incidentally, Ann Weber, before she was Ann Hoyt, ran Robin Hood`s mail order business.] Considering that the cost of living was about a fifth of what it is today, the price of archery tackle was surprising high in 1971. For example, the beautiful Wing Presentation II recurve bow cost $250.00, almost exactly the same cost as the new Jennings Compound Bow. One dozen X7 target arrows cost $40.00, and a Killian Chek-It sight (complete unit) sold for $41.80 ... plus at least 8% for postage. Archery as a recreational sport, however, was still a lot cheaper than golf. The 1971 Robin Hood catalog offered a lot of things unique to the era. For example, one could order by mail: (1) a feather trimmer (burner) for less than $10.00; (2) an arrow spine tester for as much as $65.50; (3) a dozen Micro-Flite fiberglass arrows for $27.50; (4) an all-inclusive 10 days at Teela-Wooket Archery Camp for $150.00; (5) a Groves aluminum arrow straightener for $25.95; and (6) any number of automatic, cable-

driven, indoor archery lanes for a mere $995.00 per lane, plus installation.

1971 Robin Hood Archery catalog

Sep/Oct 2001

For National and Sectional competition, the NFAA now recognizes nine divisions and eight styles. Not every division has all eight styles; but still, there exists a possibility of 68 male and female championship awards at our Sectionals and Nationals. At the first Outdoor Nationals in 1946, there were provisions for only four championship awards -- 1/17th of what`s authorized today! Four didn`t last long. The table below shows what happened during the next 35 years.

Proliferation of NFAA Divisions and Styles ­ the First 35 Years 1946 1950 1952 1956 1961 1973 1976 Year 1981

NFAA National Outdoor Champions Cedar City, UT, July 27-29, 1971 [630 shooters ­ 2240 perfect score]

Style S BB FS Champion Amateur Division M Mike Flier, IL F Betty Selkirk, IL M Gary Lyman, CA F Phyllis Long, CA Open Division M David Hughes, TX F Evvy Briney, CA M Cal Vogt, CA F Thoma Arnberg, CA M Victor Leach, CA F Darlene Collier, UT Young Adult Division M Scott Mitchell, IN F Rulona Rolland, TX M Don Rabska, CA F Gloria Ward, CA Youth Division M Robin Padilla, CO F Tina Johnson, TX M Bruce Spellum, NM F Terry Hagenmeyer, MN Score 1947 1339 2213 1935 2106 1735 1870 1213 2208 2144 1960 1114 2087 942 1728 1011 2035 1542



Division (Male and Female) Open + + + + + + + Youth + + + + + + + Y. Adult + + + + + Amateur + + + Pro + + Cub + Adult

BB ­ + + ­ + + + FS

Style BB + + + + + + + + FSL1 + + + + + + + BH2 + + + + + FS + + + 1 No release aids. Was FS until 1973. 2 Bowhunter not recognized for juniors.

Many more divisions and styles were added during the next 20 years; namely, four senior divisions, two more bowhunter styles, and two, noncompound, stick bow styles. On our subject of 30 Years Ago, only 16 trophies were awarded to the 1971 National Outdoor champions. Not everyone went home unhappy, however. Just as there are Flights today for the larger groups, there were as many as four, skill-based, classes in each non-junior division. Class A was the same as today`s Championship Flight. Elsewhere in this issue, the 2001 champions are listed. Compare that list with the simple list below!

Nov/Dec 2001

It`s been noted previously that 1971 was a traumatic year for the NFAA -- What are we going to do about compound bows and release aids? The NFAA Directors had ruled in February that both release aids and compounds were legal in Freestyle only. The finger shooters complained, Do you mean we`ve got to use a release in order to compete? Likewise, the Barebow and Competitive Bowhunter shooters complained, Why Freestyle only? After all, the compound bow was created for us! For the first (and last) time in its history, the NFAA decided to bypass the Directors, and to present the questions to every NFAA Head of Household. It wasn`t just a simple referendum. The results would be binding upon the entire membership.

the small number of votes cast for the Barebow and Bowhunter divisions. Note that the result of the release aid question reaffirmed the Directors` action earlier in the year. That is, Release aids are legal in Freestyle only. A Separate division wasn`t too far behind -- reason enough to create the Freestyle Limited style in 1973. A Separate division for compound bows, however, was a much closer second, but the winner was All. In other words, the Directors` ruling of Freestyle only was overturned. With exception of the Traditional style, this action was nearly the death knell to the classic, freestyle limited, recurve bow in NFAA competition. It wasn`t until a few years ago that the Freestyle Limited Recurve/Longbow style was resurrected.

Results of 1971 Binding Vote on Compound Bows and Release Aids Compound Bow Release Aids Yes (Total = 9340) Yes (Total = 8362) No No Section All FS Sep All FS Sep Great Lakes 611 334 510 Mid-Atlantic 711 470 700 Midwest 449 251 395 New England 93 90 180 Northwest 276 220 268 Southeast 334 268 277 Southern 306 261 259 Southwest 874 398 509 Outside USA 39 24 41 Total 3693 2316 3139 The postcard ballot was mailed on October 1, 1971. Two primary questions were asked: 1) Are you in favor of the compound bow in its present form? 2) Are you in favor of release aids? Then, if Yes to either 1) or 2), What division? The five division choices were: All, Freestyle, Barebow, Bowhunter and Separate. A remarkable 12,000+ ballots were returned by November 5th. The final results were tabulated for every State Association for both questions and all five division choices. To save space, the accompanying table summarizes the results by NFAA Section, rather than State, and doesn`t show 704 672 426 206 266 393 208 386 31 3292 339 427 236 61 154 240 191 458 26 2132 534 712 370 90 318 403 393 762 43 3625 466 516 345 113 290 200 176 447 31 2584 894 849 645 297 306 399 250 511 41 4192

Jan/Feb 2002

Roy Hoff, founder of Archery magazine and Mr. NFAA, Emeritus, continued to provide outstanding articles and photographs long after his retirement as editor in September 1971. Roy`s journalistic skills were quite evident in his coverage of the third Las Vegas Open (now WAF) in the February 1972 issue. With typical Las Vegas flair and glitz, Roy`s writeup and photos helped turn this rather dull indoor shoot into a glamorous and exciting event. With pretty Mary Lynn Snyder, Unlimited champion, posing in front of the Thunderbird Hotel, how could you not notice this cover?

With the addition of the Unlimited Division (release aids), the tournament organizers had anticipated multiple perfect scores and resultant shoot-offs. This was Roy at his best. He didn`t just report the results of the Men`s Unlimited shoot-off, but gave a suspenseful, arrow-by-arrow, accounting. Indoor shooting hasn`t been the same since. For example, here`s an excerpt from Roy`s article:

... At the conclusion of two established 12-end rounds, four archers were tied for first place. Ken Ostling, Bill Mills, John Williamson and Dick Slagle each turned in back-to-back 300s. But before anyone of these super stars could pocket any money there was a slight detail of just who would be entitled to the most. ... Each participated in a lottery to see who would end up on the crack-the-

whip line, pressure-wise, that is. I use this term because, in my estimation, the guy who shot last would have to sweat out three arrows shot by his opponents before he got a turn. When the whistle blew to start the first series, Mills was to shoot first; following in order were: Ostling, Slagle and Williamson. Mills' first arrow rang the bell, as did those of the other boys. Each of the shooters rested while the officials pulled the arrows and documented the scores. At the end of 15 arrows, each of the original foursome was clean and riding tall in the saddle. An intermission was called to allow time for the officials to replace the target faces with the new giant-killer progressively-diminishing-insize targets. As Mills drew his first arrow he knew this was sudden-death and there could be no fooling around. The new bullseye was now 2-1/8" in diameter instead of the standard 3-1/8" PAA five ring. Bill put his arrow in there. His three opponents were copy-cats. This was now arrow-forarrow. The first guy to miss would be out of action. All four went clean on the 2-1/8" face, first arrow. Slagle dropped his second arrow and was eliminated. The three left went through the first round when the face was cut in size to 1-1/8". Williamson dropped his second arrow and now it was Bill and Ken nocking heads. Bill's third arrow was not fat enough and was out in the blue. It was now up to Ken. He could also miss and prolong the agony. Talk about pressure and excitement! I know of two gals who couldn't take it any longer and looked the other way. Ken was making no mistakes! He pulled the stopper on the pressure cooker with a dead-center hit in that snake's eye. ...

Roy Hoff

Apr/May 2002

The Pasadena Roving Archers (PRA) club has a long, interesting, and very colorful, history. Being close to Hollywood, it naturally attracted several people from the movie and TV industry to participate in club activities. One such activity was featured in the April 1972 Archery magazine article, "School for would-be archers." The PRA had just started a free, four-session, archery school; and the article principally described how actor and stuntman, Paul McWilliams, managed to acquire donations for equipment. McWilliams, was one of the five NFAA instructors at PRA`s school. His day job in 1972, however, was stuntman and stand-in for Efram Zimbalist, Jr., on the TV show, F.B.I. Fifteen years earlier, during 77 Sunset Strip, Zimbalist got McWilliams started in archery, and as a result of their close friendship, he had the inside track in soliciting donations from the F.B.I. cast. This story is typical of the good press PRA has experienced since 1935. The location of the their range certainly doesn`t hurt. It`s been used as a set for several movies, TV shows and commercials, and as well as for still photo backdrops. The Lower Arroyo Park in Pasadena remains rustic and quite scenic. Started in 1935, the Pasadena Roving Archers hold claim to being the oldest NFAA club. Alabama`s Vulcan Archery Club, of Howard Hill fame, is older, but its NFAA affiliation is not continuous. [It`s interesting that Howard Hill also spent some time at PRA during his movie heyday.] PRA has never claimed to be the biggest club. They`ve seemed to concentrate more on quality than on quantity. PRA`s membership roster could be a Who`s Who in Archery. Henry Bitzenburger was president from 1935 through 1939, while Doug Kittredge presided during 1956-57. Hugh Rich, master arrowsmith and archery historian, was also a member, as was master bowhunter, Bob Jensen. PRA had working and non

working memberships, and, quite frankly, a few of their more prominent archers joined PRA only as a convenient place to practice, or for the prestige of citing PRA as their home club. Maybe it was the California climate, but a majority of PRA`s national champions during its first 36 years were female; for example, Babe Bitzenburger, Lu Shine, Eva Troncoso, and Nancy Davis (now Gordon). The Pasadena Roving Archers` free, "School for would-be archers" continues today essentially unchanged from its inception 30 years ago. There are still four lessons held on four Saturday mornings. The way one learns more about the school, however, has changed somewhat, Today you just look on the Web for: and follow the links to Pasadena Roving Archers.

Jun/Jul 2002

The NFAA Handicap Thirty years ago the NFAA had not yet used the Flight System for separating skill levels at its sanctioned tournaments. The Class System, based on the highest previously recorded scores, determined whether you were in Class A, Class B, etc. Then, to make it easier for the clubs and state associations to level the playing field, the NFAA Handicap was made mandatory. After all, bowlers, golfers, trap shooters, drag racers, and, most notably, indoor archers, used some form of a handicap system in competition. The NFAA decided to adopt the indoor archery handicap system for its field archery games. Depending on how many field or hunter rounds shot in the past 12 months, one`s handicap was computed by taking 80% of the average difference between perfect (560) and (1) best of last 2 scores, (2) best 2 of last 5 scores, or (3) best 3 of last 7 scores. The 1972 National Outdoor at Ludlow, MA, still used the Class System, but the class breakdown was based on one`s handicap, not previous scores. For example, instead of Class A being from 400 to 560 average high score, Class A was now for handicaps from 0 to 128 -- absolutely no difference. Nevertheless, this new system blew their minds! The problem with the NFAA Handicap System was record keeping. No one wanted to do it. NFAA members were issued handicap cards, but entering every score was usually overlooked. League and club secretaries handled the records at the local level, but when an archer went to a national or sectional tournament, his handicap card was often blank. Personally, I liked the Handicap System. Even prior to 1972, my club in Ohio had a club handicap shoot every third Sunday ... all year around. The winner each month got to keep the roving trophy until the next month. If you were the first to win it three times, you got to keep the trophy ... forever. Maybe it was because I never missed a shoot (even in

the winter), or because I was club secretary and handled the records well, but I managed to win the elegant walnut trophy the third time after only eleven months (see photo). Since I never shot well enough to win anything based on scratch scores (never got out of Class B), I have an especially warm spot in my heart for the Handicap System. My handicap trophy was the only trophy I kept more than a few years. It has since been reconfigured into a roving trophy for the top sightless shooter in the Georgia State Indoor. The NFAA Handicap rules have remained in the NFAA By-Laws essentially unchanged for thirty years. It`s too bad that nobody cares.

Aug/Sep 2002 Two Things Lost:

1. Cobo Hall The Bear American Indoor Archery Championship, also known as Cobo Hall or Vegas East, was the premier indoor archery tournament east of the Mississippi in the 1970`s. The NFAA was not yet involved in large indoor tournaments. Cobo Hall was a joint venture among Bear Archery, PAA, NAA and ALOA (Archery Lanes Operators Association). In 1972, Bear put up $13,600 in prize money, while ALOA added $1,000 for team winners. It featured Men`s and Women`s Open (really PAA), Amateur Freestyle (really NAA), Amateur Barebow (sort of NFAA), and JOAD championships. Compound bows and release aids were not welcomed, which, along with the hall rental cost, are probably the reasons why Cobo Hall met its demise a few years later. Nevertheless, there were nearly 600 shooters -- 150 each for the A and B lines, both morning and afternoon, on Saturday and Sunday, April 22 and 23, 1972. Coincidentally, this third weekend in April is when the new Vegas East, the Atlantic City Archery Classic, is held. 2. The Real NFAA Sectional Report Soon after I joined the NFAA, I expanded my archery interests beyond the local level to the state, sectional and even national levels. Although I tried to shoot my best at the Outdoor Sectionals and Nationals, I always finished somewhere near the bottom of B Class. What made it fun, however, was meeting and shooting with people from other states and sections -- especially those I had read about in Archery magazine`s NFAA Sectional Report. In those days, before most states had their own newsletters, it was essentially mandatory that each NFAA Section have a dedicated reporter to collect, edit and assemble reports from the state associations within each Section. Some of the reporters

were actually current or future Councilpersons. For example, Phyllis Butters of the New England Section, made her mark as a very good archery reporter before she was elected to the NFAA Council. Not all states and sections had news to report every month -- remember, Archery was a monthly magazine in those days. Normally (depending on the season), eight to twelve pages of section news were published in every issue ... and I read every page. Except for the national and other major tournament reports, the NFAA Sectional Report was the first thing read. It wasn`t long before the text version of the NFAA Sectional Report was dropped from the magazine. In 1972, we had a new editor, a new Executive Secretary, and, I guess, a growing lack of interest in both writing and reading. Today, we still have Sectional Reports, but they`ve become nothing more than tournament registration information and score tallies. Alas, we have reports ... but no real reporters! [Editor`s note: If you support the resurrection of narrative Sectional Reports, contact NFAA Headquarters or your NFAA Director.]

Oct/Nov 2002 The Beginning of the End of an Era

In 1972, there were 56 NFAA National Tournament scoring records listed for the 14 adult divisions then recognized. Twenty eight of these records were broken at the 27th Outdoor Nationals held near Ludlow, MA. The new compound bow was a factor, but the recent legalization of the release aid led to an incredible eight, first-ever, perfect 560`s being shot in the Field (1) and Hunter (7) rounds. Although not a first, three perfect Animal rounds were also shot. In those days, the 5-ring was exactly half the diameter of the outer 3ring. High scores were getting too easy. Something had to be done about changing the target face and/or the way it was scored. This issue came to a head in 1976 when two perfect 2800`s were shot by Amateur freestylers Barry Velarde and Phil Schmidt at the Aurora (IL) Nationals. One proposal in 1972 was to use the current faces, but change the 5-3 scoring to 5-4-3. The small bullseye (aiming spot) in the center of 5-ring would be the new 5-ring, while the balance of the 5-ring (the white area on the field face) would be the new 4-ring. The 3-ring would remain the same. This proposal, however, was a real slap-in-the-face to the poor, average shooter trying to earn a 500 patch. The idea of making the new scoring scheme apply only to freestylers wasn`t workable either ... especially when those shooting (and scoring) together were of different styles. The NFAA Board of Directors mulled over a target face change for the next four years. This change was somewhat complicated by the threat that the entire nation was going metric -- quarts to liters, pounds to kilograms, yards to meters, etc. Should the NFAA change all their shooting stakes from yards to meters, and should the target faces be converted from inches to centimeters?

Public outcry finally killed the metric initiative in the US, as well as the 100% conversion by the NFAA. As long as we had to change our target faces, however, why not make them metric? We did, in fact, and the 5-4-3 metric Field and Hunter faces as we know them today were introduced at the 1977 National Outdoor in Clemson, SC. The top shooters still shot near, but not quite, perfect scores. The average shooters, however, saw their scores drop somewhat. There was an attempt in the mid 1990`s to replace this 5-4-3 target with an easier-toscore, retrograde version, but fortunately it died quickly.

Dec/Jan 2002/2003 Happy Thirtieth Birthday, NFAA Professionals!

At the 1972 NFAA National Outdoor Championships in Ludlow, MA, a large group of the top shooters met with NFAA officials and interested manufacturers to discuss formation of a new society of professional archers. The founding committee, led by John Williamson, believed that the future of competitive professional archery was with the NFAA and its more liberal equipment and shooting rules. The other pro organization, the PAA, allowed neither releases nor compound bows in competition. Moreover, the PAA was a fullservice professional organization with considerable emphasis on archery instruction and coaching. Consequently, the Ludlow group agreed, ... to create a home for those archers who wished to shoot for money, yet retain the right to make their own choice of equipment and shooting style. Archery instruction would be left up to the PAA and NAA (and later, the NFAA). The founding committee met several times during 1972. Membership guidelines, style breakdowns, dues and purse allocation structures, and a code of ethics, were drafted. Even a name was selected: Toxophilites, The Society of Professional Archers. The entire package was to be submitted to the NFAA Board of Directors at the February 1973 annual meeting. Actually, a proposal for a professional division was submitted to the Directors at their 1972 meeting, but was tabled for further study. John Williamson and his committee had now done their homework. The NFAA Board of Directors met in Portland, OR, in early February 1973, and the NFAA Professional Division became officially born. Since the name Toxophilites was a little extreme, it was dropped in favor of simply, NFAA Professional Division, or, NFAA Pro. NFAA Pros were required to pay pro division dues ($50 then, $75 today) in addition to their regular

NFAA membership dues paid through the state associations. A separate account was maintained for all pro division finances. It`s the same today. It hasn`t always been a bed of roses during the past thirty years. There have been a few arguments among the pro members concerning recognized shooting styles, purse allocations, and pro-only targets and rounds. Some rule changes were even tried for a few years, but most were rejected in favor of the original guidelines drafted by John Williamson and his committee thirty years ago.

NFAA Pro logo here?

Feb/Mar 2003 Anyone for a Round of Golf?

One of the reasons I enjoyed archery in the early 70`s was the variety of outdoor games offered all year around. The archers in Ohio were particularly blessed. During the winter months, one could always find a game of some sort. Frozen excelsior butts caused problems in Field Archery, and since 3-D shooting hadn`t been perfected yet, the most popular outdoor winter game at the time was Archery Golf. Although Archery Golf was played in other states, it was so popular in Ohio that the NFAA state association treated it on the same level as field, indoor and target archery. It had its own activity director, standalone rules, and state championship tournament. There was no national standard for the rules -- each state had its own. In Ohio we usually played on the smaller golf courses normally closed during the winter. A local archery club would set up a course for archery golf, and sponsor a tournament every other Sunday ... regardless of weather. Regular tee boxes would be used for our drives, but the hole was located to the side of the green to avoid wear and tear. The hole was a solid sponge rubber, standard-sized, softball mounted about 4½ inches off the ground on a wire pedestal. The whole idea was to penetrate or knock the ball off the pedestal in the fewest number of strokes (shots). If your arrow came to rest within 30 inches of the ball, you didn`t have to hole-out, but a stroke was added. To help locate the ball from afar, an 8-foot flag was placed ten yards behind the ball. Unlike regular golf, pacing off distance to the hole was not permitted. The tee-to-hole distance, however, was always posted. There were a few equipment restrictions, e.g., no overdraws, mechanical releases, or barreled shafts; but any bow (except crossbow) could be used. The real secret to low scores was in the arrows. To avoid skipping

off the turf (especially when frozen), our putter points were blunted spikes (left in photo). Our drivers were 32-inch 1614 shafts with nock tapers on both ends (right in photo). With no point mass, and with very small, low drag, fletching, these flight arrows were essentially unstable. Hence, the release was very critical. By drawing the flight arrow a full 32 inches, canting the bow arm to near 45°, and hoping that the strap release worked well, drives of over 300 yards were fairly easy with a standard recurve bow. With the right equipment, a good score on a 6000 yard, 18-hole, regular golf course was about 50 strokes. In Ohio, our state Archery Golf championship was usually held in early March. It wasn`t uncommon that we played during a blizzard. In fact, my sole state championship was the result of the three favorites quitting because of hypothermia.

Apr/May 2003 Whatever Happened to the Archery Cartoon?

1972 was the last year that cartoons appeared on a regular basis in Archery magazine. Three years earlier, the NFAA had purchased the magazine from Roy Hoff, and had installed a new editorial staff. I guess we`ll never know the reason, but the cartoons are gone -- hopefully not forever. In the late 60`s and early 70`s, there were four cartoonists that contributed to the magazine. An example by each artist is shown here. Only one, C. D. Wright, signed his cartoon with a full name. The other three were, Mr. F., Patch, and Slim(?). In 1961, the NFAA actually published a booklet, The Best Cartoons from Archery, but a copy can`t be located. [If anyone knows where there may be a copy, please alert the NFAA Office.] At its annual meeting this past February, the NFAA Editorial Board gave its approval to resurrect the archery cartoon. Now it`s a matter of getting our talented readers to contribute some new cartoons. We could always reprint the 30 year old stuff, but don`t you think they`re a little too passé?

Jun/Jul 2003 Rollie Mantzke and the Great Outdoor Nationals at Auroraland

Based on a job well done by the host Auroraland Archers at the 1970 Nationals, and by its central USA location just west of Chicago, the return to Aurora in 1973 was eagerly anticipated. This was the second of six Nationals Auroraland would host from 1970 through 1984. The club had exceptional support not only from its members, but from the entire community, including governments, businesses, and merchants of Kane County and nearby towns of North Aurora, Batavia, and Geneva. The ranges were located on two sites along the scenic Fox River on land managed by the Park District. The Holiday Inn host motel was essentially taken over by the NFAA staff, the shooters and their families. There was even an 80-yard practice range behind the motel. Practice ranges were also set up at the campgrounds on Auroraland`s home range. One did not come to Aurora for just the five, 28-target rounds. There was something to do for everybody -- the pre-tournament 3-D animal shoot, the four days of planned tours for the non-shooters, and the five NFAA Instructors School sessions held each evening. The success of the Aurora Nationals, however, was really the result of outstanding tournament preparation. Based on lessons learned during the 1970 Nationals, Tournament Chairman Rollie Mantzke left nothing to chance. Virtually every hostresponsible item was superbly covered -- range layout and safety, target butts and faces, traffic control, public health (standby EMS), sanitation facilities, food services, press releases, etc. Although Rollie lived in Aurora, his home during tournament was a RV located in the middle of the main range complex. He was strictly a hands-on manager, but he also had enough savvy to know that he couldn`t do it all my himself. Hardnosed range captains were assigned to each 28-target range. These radioequipped captains roamed the ranges in ATV`s ... making sure that there

were no problems with backups, bad target butts, water shortages, etc. Rollie Mantzke, tournament director extraordinaire, managed the first five Aurora Outdoor Nationals. The attendance at the 1976 Nationals was a whopping 1266! -- still the second highest ever in the 57 year history of Outdoor Nationals. Rollie`s expertise was so well recognized that NFAA President Jim Shubert named him National Tournament Chairman for the 1979 Detroit Lakes (MN) Outdoor Nationals. Rollie`s last Aurora tournament was in 1981. He refused to allow his heart problems slow him down. He died from a heart attack while bowhunting in late 1982. You can bet, however, that he`s still running that big tournament in the sky.

Rollie Mantzke putting finishing touches on pre-tournament 3-D target for 1973 Aurora Outdoor Nationals.

Aug/Sep 2003

When Fingers Still Ruled

As we remember, release aids weren`t really accepted in NFAA competition until about 1970, and finger shooters (FSL) weren`t separated from release shooters (FS) until 1973. While the new freestyle shooters grabbed the headlines with near perfect scores at the 1973 Aurora (IL) Outdoor Nationals, a vast majority of the competitors shot with their fingers. For example, of the 684 total shooters, 133 were registered in the adult barebow divisions. Likewise, Freestyle Limited was the dominant freestyle division. We mention barebow because in the 1973 Nationals, the featured match was in Open Male Barebow with defending champ (and Auroraland member) Dennis Cline nocking heads with then 4-time winner, David Hughes. [This head-to-head match was essentially repeated annually from 1968 through 1985, with Dave winning nine Open Barebow (plus one Pro BB) championships to Denny`s six.] What made the 1973 match particularly exciting was that Dave and Denny alternated high score-of-theday from Monday through Friday. Dave won Monday, Wednesday and Friday, while Denny took Tuesday and Thursday -- and yet Denny was the eventual winner by 22 points ... 2606 to 2584! Can you imagine a freestyle shooter being behind by 5 points on Monday and yet winning by 22? Denny`s remarkable achievement landed him on the cover of the September 1973 ARCHERY magazine. There was also a bragging rights competition among the three top barebow styles. Denny`s aggregate score of 2606 was nearly matched by Open Bowhunter, 6-time winner, Cal Vogt`s 2586, and Amateur Barebow, 5-time winner, Mike Flier`s 2597. Of these top four barebow shooters, only Cal Vogt shot a compound bow. In 1973, not many stringwalkers felt sufficiently comfortable with

drawing a compound bow 2-to-3 inches off center. It wasn`t until a few years later that stringwalkers discovered that the long axle-to-axle, asymmetrically tuned, compound bow was ideally suited for their style of shooting.

1973 Open Barebow Champion Dennis Cline

Oct/Nov 2003


Time Out!

The trouble with writing an article tied to a specific date is that sometimes nothing significant happened, or we have a brainlock. So, instead of reminiscing about 1973, we`re going to summarize NFAA`s history from 1939 through 2003 in the next two issues. The following 19391973 summary was first printed in the February 1974 issue of Archery. We`ve done a little editing, and have added a few more highlights. NFAA History Highlights - 1939-1973

1939 1940 1941 1942 NFAA founded Art Young Big Game Award provided for NFAA bowhunters NFAA Stump Emblem adopted Indoor and Outdoor NFAA Mail Tournament competition started First NFAA Field Archery Handbook issued Standardized Field Round adopted 20 pin adopted for NFAA members shooting a perfect score on an 18 or 24 inch target face The NFAA Indoor 30 yard Flint Round adopted Archery magazine adopted as NFAA official publication, although NFAA has no ownership or editorial control Art Young Small Game Awards created Archery Safety Code adopted Order of the Bone adopted Single arrows and crossed arrows in both silver and gold adopted as additional awards for the Art Young Small Game and Big Game Programs 1st NFAA National Championship (now National Outdoor) held in Allegan, MI Course approval system adopted Compton Medal of Honor and NFAA Hall of Fame established Good Sportsmanship Award adopted Prize Buck Contest adopted Landowners Guarantee against property damage formulated Chartering of clubs started, and clubs began receiving bi-monthly bulletins of information from the NFAA Booklet on exhibition shooting published NFAA Instructors Program de-

1957 1958 1959



1943 1944







1965 1966 1967

1951 1953 1954



signed and a program initiated for certifying instructors School kit developed to supplement the Instructors Program Pope & Young Club started as part of NFAA's Hunting Activities Committee Club liability insurance program adopted for all NFAA chartered clubs State championship certificates designed and provided by the association for members NFAA acquired its own office building and headquarters Junior 20 pin provided for NFAA youth members Fair chase rules adopted for big game hunting Fellowship of Robin Hood provided for members 100% certificate provided for clubs who had 100% membership in the NFAA Modified Flint Round devised so clubs could shoot indoors at 20 yards NFAA Medal of Merit founded to provide recognition by state associations to its members NFAA Park Round and Instinctive Round established Series of bars added to the 20 pin which could be won by archers Archery cartoon booklet published with the best cartoons from Archery magazine Course approval system with bonus points, safety outlines and "star" ratings adopted 1st Indoor National Tournament (Las Vegas Open or "Vegas Shoot") held in Las Vegas, NV Sectional tournaments standardized throughout the NFAA eight sections. NFAA provided awards for these hosted tournaments NFAA Master Bowhunting Award created NFAA 500 Club founded Service Pins for continued membership in the NFAA were adopted Medal awards program promoted for chartered clubs having NFAA registered tournaments Most of the preliminary work done in respect to NFAA reorganization Reorganization of the NFAA accomplished and a new Constitution and By-Law book devised Youth Scholarship Program founded as well as youth progressive patches for achievement awards Handicap system developed and adopted



1971 1972


New Youth Division provided for competitive NFAA youth members Hunter 20 pins and bar series adopted as further incentive awards International pins and bars provided for this adopted round NFAA becomes part of IFAA NFAA purchases and publishes Archery magazine Archery magazine provided with dues for single members of heads of family units NFAA Indoor Program provided and developed for clubs along with the new NFAA Indoor Round Compound bow accepted in all divisions National Bowhunting Defense Fund created and a direct NFAA Bowhunter membership created to fund it NFAA Certified Instructor School started 1st National Bowhunter Rendezvous was held in Georgia NFAA Professional Division set up First NFAA-sponsored U.S. National Champion archers attended IFAA World Championships Freestyle Limited shooting style added to NFAA competition Sixty-six NFAA Professional Archers made their first appearance at the Outdoor Nationals at Aurora, IL. Total purse was $2,800.00

Dec/Jan 2003/2004


Time Out! Phase II

Thirty years ago in the February 1974 issue of this magazine, Roy Hoff and John Yount wrote a very comprehensive History of National Field Archery Association. They also listed the 1939-1973 highlights in a table accompanying the article. In the previous Nostalgia Corner (Oct/Nov 2003), we printed the amended and edited version of these highlights. With help from former NFAA Presidents John Slack and Dean Hupp, we can now show the history highlights for the next (and past) thirty years, 1974 through 2003. NFAA History Highlights - 1974-2003

1974 1975 1976 NFAA flight system used at the National Tournament for the first time First-time IFAA World Championships hosted in the United States at Jay, VT Implementation of Bowhunter Education Program completed Two, perfect 2800's shot at Outdoor Nationals at Aurora. IL Bowhunter Freestyle style established for adult competitors NFAA Indoor Championship face and round established New, metric, 5-4-3, field and hunter round target faces made official Bowhunter Freestyle Limited style established for adult competitors NFAA suffers financial crisis. Suspends publication of Archery magazine Bow & Arrow magazine becomes official publication for the NFAA 1st NFAA Indoor National Tournament held in Omaha, NE, with 524 archers attending NFAA Newsletter published three times a year 1st NFAA Bowhunter Jamboree held in Casper, WY, and Baltimore, MD New NFAA Headquarter Building Fund established New Robin Hood Patch designed 1st NAFAC (North American Field Archery Championship) tournament held in London, Ontario, Canada 1st Doug Walker/NFAA Bowhunter Javelina Get-Together Archery magazine again published as the official NFAA magazine New NFAA Headquarters completed NFAA Scholarship Program revived NFAA Membership Billing Program offered to State Associations lndoor National Tournament moved to Kansas City, MO First scholarships awarded from revived NFAA Scholarship Program Archery magazine takes on a new design 1991






1978 1979 1980

1997 1998







1985 1986 1988 1989

2002 2003

Pro Division styles of competition reduced to Freestyle and Freestyle Limited only "Traditional" added to NFAA recognized shooting styles for adults New Bowfisher Program and awards added NFAA Foundation established Safety requirements/standards and lighting requirements for indoor archery ranges added to the NFAA Constitution and By-laws 1st NFAA Unmarked 3-D National Tournament held in Hickory, NC Indoor National Tournament moved to Louisville, KY. Record 1436 archers attended Challenge presented to USOC for NFAA to replace NAA as National Governing Body for archery Indoor National Tournament moved to Tulsa, OK NGB challenge withdrawn. NFAA/NAA tournament participation reciprocity agreement signed New, 5-3, field and hunter round target faces approved (optional until 1996) Arlyne Rhode becomes Archery magazine publisher FITA equipment styles added to NFAA recognized shooting styles Western Classic Trail Shoot, Redding, CA, becomes NFAA Marked 3-D National Tournament Senior (age 55 and older) added to NFAA Divisions of Competition (was previously for complementary awards only) NFAA Shooter's School started 1st IFAA World Indoor Tournament held in conjunction with NFAA National Indoor NFAA website implemented Retrograde 5-3 target face shelved. Old 5-4-3 face returns Maple Leaf Press becomes official NFAA target face supplier Ted Nugent becomes celebrity spokesman for the NFAA NFAA purchases the World Archery Festival (Vegas Shoot). WAF, Inc. becomes separate corporation Development in Archery for Youth Shooters (D.A.Y.S.) program started as pilot program FITA equipment styles no longer recognized in NFAA competition National Outdoor becomes 3-day tournament Rogers Printing becomes publisher of Archery magazine NFAA Museum at NFAA headquarters becomes fully functional NFAA (WAF) purchases Atlantic City Archery Classic Indoor National Tournament returns to Kansas City, MO Master Senior (age 65 and older) added to NFAA Divisions of Competition D.A.Y.S. program made permanent WAF's 3 Star Tour implemented 5-day option returns for National Outdoor Recurve/Longbow style added to Youth divisions One-point bonus ring added to Animal targets (mandatory for Outdoor Na-

tionals and Sectionals)

Feb/Mar 2004

Does 30 and 30 make 60?

The two previous Nostalgia Corner articles featured the very special 30th Anniversary Issue of Archery magazine published in February 1974. This issue contained a 32-page supplement detailing the 40-year history of the NFAA from 1934 through 1974 in words and pictures. [The NFAA and Archery magazine officially started in 1939 and 1944, respectively, but our beginnings go back to 1934.] The supplement was even printed on sepia-colored paper to make it look quite old. It is probably the most coveted issue of the magazine ever printed, and is particularly valuable to me, since I`m also NFAA Historian. Since February 2004 is the 30th anniversary of February 1974, then it should be the magazine`s 60th birthday. Right? Not quite. During the late 1970`s, the NFAA faced a severe financial crisis, and necessarily ceased publication of Archery magazine. From January 1980 through the middle of 1984, we published the NFAA news either as an insert in Bow & Arrow magazine, or as a separate quarterly newsletter (under the Archery name). In other words, we still owned Archery, but didn`t publish it as a full-fledged magazine with articles and advertising. Then, theoretically, 2004 is Archery magazine`s 56th birthday, and NFAA`s 65th anniversary. Now, let`s get back to the February 1974 issue. In addition to about fifty pictures, there are eight articles: 1. History of the National Field Archery Association, by John Yount. 2. NFAA History for the Past 20 Years ... As I Saw It, by Roy Hoff. 3. Take it Easy, Mister!, by Lulu Stalker. 4. The Passing Parade of Events and Personalities During Our First Ten Years, by Roy Hoff.

5. Early Days of the Flight Game, by M. B. Davis. 6. Roving Reminiscences and Random Recollections, by Paul Klogsteg. 7. "Chief" Compton, Who Started It All, by W. H. Wescott. 8. History of Our National Championship Bowls. As a service to the NFAA members, the first two articles have been reprinted, without pictures, as a single, 13-page document. For those of you have e-mail, and who can receive and print a 80-kb Microsoft® Word document, this History of the National Field Archery Association ­ 19341974, is available at no cost. Just request a copy of NFAAHistory1st40 from Paul Davison at [email protected] Hard copies of this document will also be available for a cost of $2.00 each at the three World Archery Festival tournaments (NFAA booth). Please do not request a copy from the NFAA Headquarters.

Apr/May 2004

Let's go to a Sectional!

Although there have been NFAA Sectional tournaments ever since the NFAA had sections, they weren`t publicized until thirty years ago. The NFAA By-Laws merely stated, "... (NFAA) may provide for mail and sectional tournaments of the various games adopted by the Association." That was it! National and State Championship tournaments were big in 1974. State Championships were well publicized in the State Association newsletters, while the NFAA National Field Championship was normally featured in three or four monthly issues of this magazine. Nothing was mentioned about Sectional Championships except for after-the-fact results, and these were generally noted in the State News portion of the magazine. [A personal note: I attended two National Championships before going to my first Sectional. I didn`t know how to pre-register!] The first time all eight Sectional Outdoor tournaments were announced in the same issue of Archery was April 1974. There were six pages of maps, shooting schedules, accommodations, etc., and a single, generic, registration form that applied to all eight Sectionals. The Directors of each Section selected the rounds shot. Most Sections offered various combinations of Field, Hunter and Animal rounds, but one Section (Midwestern) added a 20-target International round to the mix. Ironically, the tournament results were never published. This came several years later when the Councilmen and/or tournament hosts were given the responsibility to report the results. In the same April 1974 issue of Archery magazine, NFAA President Erv Kreischer proclaimed, "Starting with the 1974-75 indoor season, each section will be encouraged to host an Indoor Sectional Tournament using the NFAA Indoor Round." Remember that the first NFAA National Indoor Championship wasn`t held until 1980. In fact, indoor shooting was

not very popular with NFAA members during the early years ... except in those states where it was too cold to shoot outdoors in the winter months. Although supported by the NFAA, the big national indoor tournaments, such as the Vegas Shoot and Cobo Hall, were sponsored by others. There were a few regional indoor shoots, too. These were generally sponsored and hosted by indoor shooting establishments ... mostly in the Midwest, Mideast and Northeast. Today, every issue of this magazine has Sectional tournament information. Moreover, Indoor Sectionals get more press than Outdoor Sectionals, and 3-D Sectionals are gaining. If you`ve never been to a Sectional, try it, it`s great fun ... especially if the whole family goes! NFAA Sectionals (and Nationals) are not like the Olympics where only top shooters are invited. If go to a Sectional with no thought of being an elitist, then it`s guaranteed that you`ll have a great weekend!

Jun/Jul 2004

The T-system ­ not a very popular idea

1974 was a year of trial and error for the NFAA. The most enduring change was the addition of a Cub Division for those aged 11 and under. The Youth Division spanned four years, 12 through 15 (now 12-14), while the Young Adult Division was for ages 16 and 17 (now 15-17). Any one of these NFAA Juniors, however, could, as they can today, elect to compete in a higher division with written parental consent. Some sure winners in the Junior divisions found it much more prestigious to compete as Amateur Adults. Although the Youth and Young Adult age spans remained unchanged for a few more years, the other, new, Divisions of Competition rule -- the T-system -- lasted through 1974 only.

The compound bow essentially created the T-system (aka T-bone). In 1974, the NFAA had no separate styles for the recurve or longbow as they do today, and since strength was not an issue in shooting a compound bow, the argument became that females should be able to compete with males. Moreover, those having similar handicaps should be able to compete together regardless of style. The NFAA Directors, however, balked at unisex competition. Instead, they agreed that the Outdoor National and Sectional Championship awards would be left as is, but that those below Champion would be flighted according to their pre-tournament NFAA Handicaps. The handicap/flight groupings were divided into four, non-pro, Divisions of Competition for males and females. Confused? So was everybody else in 1974. That`s why the Tsystem never survived. The table be-

low may help describe where the T in T-system came from. Championship bowls were to be awarded to each style across the top of the T for male and female -- making a total of 26. Pressure from the NFAA members, however, added eight more bowls: (1) Amateur Adult and Young Adult were separated, and (2) the Bowhunter style was restored to the Amateur Adult Division. Medals through three places were then awarded in each Flight below the T without regard to shooting style. The T-system didn`t last because of three, somewhat misconstrued, reasons: 1. No one likes to compete against someone shooting a different style. 2. The Handicap System was subject to sandbagging. 3. Being first runner-up to the National Champion was better than being first in Flight 1.

1974 DIVISIONS OF COMPETITION FOR NATIONAL AND SECTIONAL TOURNAMENTS AMATEUR ADULT & OPEN ADULT YOUTH CUB YOUNG ADULT STYLES: FS, FSL, BB & BH Flight 1 Flight 2 Flight 3 Flight 4 Flight 5 Flight 6 0-24 Hdcp 25-48 Hdcp 49-88 Hdcp 89-148 149-228 229 & up STYLES: FS, FSL & BB Flight 1 Flight 2 Flight 3 Flight 4 Flight 5 Flight 6 0-24 Hdcp 25-48 Hdcp 49-88 Hdcp 89-148 149-228 229 & up STYLES: FS, FSL & BB Flight 1 Flight 2 Flight 3 Flight 4 Flight 5 Flight 6 0-24 Hdcp 25-48 Hdcp 49-88 Hdcp 89-148 149-228 229 & up STYLES: FS, FSL & BB Flight 1 Flight 2 Flight 3 Flight 4 Flight 5 Flight 6 0-48 Hdcp 49-128 129-208 209-288 289-368 369 & up

Aug/Sep 2004

Remember the NFAA Amateur?

Amateurism in archery doesn`t mean much today, but with the reintroduction of archery in the 1972 Olympics, and with John Williams winning the gold medal, amateurism was as American as apple pie. Then why were there rumors flying around that the NFAA was going to eliminate its Adult Amateur Division? Prior to 1961, the only amateurs in the NFAA (at the national level) were youth under 18. Everyone else was an Open Adult. Then from 1961 through 1980, every adult shooter was classified as either Open, Amateur or Professional. Professional was clear -- one had to be a dues-paying NFAA Pro, but there was little distinction between Amateur and Open. Supposedly, an NFAA Amateur had to obey IOC Rule 26, which essentially said you never made, or intended to make, any money in the sport. An NFAA Open shooter was anybody inbetween a squeaky-clean Amateur and a dues-paying Professional. In other words, or in IOC terminology, an Open shooter was either a non-amateur or a semi-professional, or both. Since IOC Rule 26 applied only to those with Olympic Games aspirations, most NFAA Open shooters looked with disdain at adult NFAA Amateurs as merely trophy hunters. You must remember that the National Archery Association, a FITA member, was, and still is, the National Governing Body for Olympic Archery in United States. Then why should the NFAA have an Olympics rule if the NFAA has nothing to do with the Olympics? Another 1970`s rule also contributed to the demise of the NFAA Amateur. FITA Article 201 essentially said that a FITA shooter could not participate in any international event not controlled by a FITA Member Association. Needless to say. not many archers with Olympics aspirations ever showed up at an NFAA or IFAA event.

Moreover, NFAA Amateurs didn`t have to follow FITA equipment rules. [Note: From 1995 through 1998, NFAA recognized three FITA styles without any mention of amateur.] The elimination of the NFAA Amateur Division was first proposed in 1974, and debate continued vigorously until 1979. One die-hard State Association even proposed eliminating the Open Division and creating two NFAA Amateur Divisions -- one following FITA rules and one following NFAA rules. Finally, in 1980, the Amateur and Open Divisions were combined into a single Adult Division. As expected, there was a minor rebellion. A few State Associations threatened to pull out of the NFAA. In fact, Pennsylvania, a big amateur state, remained unaffiliated with the NFAA for a few years. Today, adult amateur archery is essentially a dead issue. The words amateur or amateurism do not appear in today`s NFAA rules except as adjectives or in reference to something non-professional, such as in Pro-Am tournament. Collegiate archers must remain untainted, but Olympic archers may compete just about anywhere they want, and can earn as much from archery as the market will bear.

Oct/Nov 2004

Teenagers gone good!

In the previous Nostalgia Corner, we noted that in the mid-1970`s, the NFAA Amateur Division was being tweaked continuously. Principally, both the Junior and Adult age groups and style breakdowns were changed about every year. For example, in 1973 (only), those kids aged 16 and 17 were required to compete as Amateur Adults. This rule was unfair to the average teenage shooter, but it meant little to the hotshot who could, with parental consent, compete as an Amateur Adult. Three such teenagers were featured in the June and July 1974 issues of Archery magazine: First, there was 14 year-old Michelle Sanderson of Minnesota. Michelle competed as a Freestyle Amateur Adult at the 1974 Outdoor Nationals near Golden, Colorado. In the dreaded, one-time, T-System, she won Flight 1, second only to the Amateur Adult Freestyle Champion. She then went on to win the 1975 Amateur Adult Championship. Second, there was Terry Ragsdale of Texas. He had already won the Freestyle Amateur Adult Championship in 1973 as a 16 year-old. Terry repeated as Amateur Adult Champion in 1974 at Golden. It may not have been at this tournament where boy meets girl, but we do know that it was just a few years later when Terry and Michelle were married. After outstanding careers as NFAA Professionals, they are now quietly pursuing second careers in Wisconsin. Third, there was the oldest of the three teenagers: Butch Johnson of Massachusetts. Butch gained notoriety in 1973 by shooting a couple of perfect 300`s indoors with his fingers and a recurve bow. Butch won the Amateur Adult Freestyle Limited Championship at the 1974 Outdoor Nationals, and never looked back. During the past 30 years, he`s gone from recurve to compound to recurve, and from amateur to

professional to Olympian ... still shooting with his fingers. We should all agree that 1974 was a very good year.

Michelle of Minnesota

Terry of Texas

Butch of Massachusetts

Dec/Jan 2004/2005

The great Rocky Mountain Rip-Off

I`ve been often criticized that I write too many negative things about the NFAA`s Good Old Days. I promise that what follows will be the last such tragedy reported in the foreseeable future. It concerns the 1974 National Outdoor Championships held just outside Golden, Colorado. On paper, the tournament was a major success -- attendance was near 800 ... the most in a decade. The trouble was, however, that nearly all of the 800 weren`t very happy the venue, the new T-System (see Jun/Jul 2004 Archery), the hosts, the leaky target butts, and/or the rain and wind. The NFAA President in 1974 was Erv Kreischer of New Mexico -- the most professional, gracious and diplomatic president, in my opinion, in NFAA`s history. Erv never had a bad word to say about anyone, but he almost lost his cool when he wrote in the September issue of Archery: "... It is both difficult and embarrassing for me to comment on the shooting facility or creature comforts, for they were much less than we expect. A last minute paralysis had set in on the host club and a near disintegration resulted. My heartfelt appreciation is extended to the mere handful of members who stayed to see it through, to the out of state archers from Illinois, California, Texas and New Mexico who rolled up their sleeves and provided the muscle needed on the shooting facility, and to the multitude of archers who served as good will ambassadors. My personal thanks to each of you for your support in a most difficult situation". The Archery magazine editorial staff was much more blunt in the October 1974 issue. Here are some excerpts:

"... It was a tournament that almost didn't happen. Months ago, with a single bid for holding the 1974 Nationals in Colorado on one hand and an energy crisis without end in sight on the other, your NFAA officials seriously considered canceling. They didn't cancel, but months later many people wished that they had. ... What promised to be a ,,Golden Opportunity came to be branded the Rocky Mountain Rip-Off, ... the host club floundered and sank in its own internal problems, leaving the Nationals understaffed with only a few members valiantly trying to do the work of many. ... An unexpected overflow crowd came riding into Denver on that crest of enthusiasm which died at the base of the mesa." Here`s more: "... The beginning was delayed considerably as a slow procession of vehicles snaked its way up, occasionally grinding to a halt as a car bottomed out, bending a pan and bottlenecking traffic." "... when rain came to the mesa, ... Kreischer and Chraft, weary bale-toters, faced the prospect of all those archers stranded on a mesa with its roads running slick with mud and they stopped the round." "... Perhaps the most regrettable instances occurred at the base of the mesa, where the youngsters attempted to compete without much supervision, isolated miles from their parents, competing on shotout faces, and most unfortunately, subjected to unsportsmanlike activity on the parts of some of their peers." "... one or two portable toilets stand out from the barren landscape against the enormity of the Colorado sky. A grasshopper buzzes you and maybe you think you hear a rattler." It goes without saying that your NFAA has since made the WhoDoes-What tournament contract provisions much more definitive. Although there have been a few minor

problems with hosts (mostly firsttimers) since 1974, there has never been, or will there ever be, another Rocky Mountain Rip-Off.

Feb/Mar 2005

Howard Hill, 1901-1975

In the March 1975 issue of Archery, the magazine`s founder and retired editor, Roy Hoff, eulogized his long-time friend Howard Hill, who had recently passed away: "Howard Hill, without a doubt, the greatest all-around archer of modern times, passed away February 4th of this year. Gone at seventy-four. He retired a few years ago and returned with his wife, Elizabeth, to their old home in Vincent, Alabama to spend his last days." "... He was an accomplished hunter by the time 1928 rolled around. He bagged big and small game in many countries and his ability as an archer was depicted in the popular movie titled "Robin Hood," in which Howard costarred with Errol Flynn." "... In the early years of modern archery, Howard competed in some of the big national target events. But the real challenge, which he enjoyed immensely, was field archery, which was founded in the late 1930s." "... I had my first scuffle with Howard on the old Redlands, California range, which is generally considered as the first to cater entirely to field archery. When I say I competed against Howard Hill in those years I use the word loosely. To my knowledge there were few who could claim actual competition, for Howard won every tournament. There were those who figured he couldn't possibly shoot that good. The word got out that Howard must be padding his score. When Howard heard about these insinuations he, in effect, told field archery to go jump in the lake." "... On March 18, 1945, the California Bowman Hunters staged their first annual state tournament. Howard participated and I felt privileged to shoot with him in the

same foursome. He explained that he would forego keeping score because there were those who would feel badly if they were beaten in the shoot. There was no doubt in my mind who won the event, though I took home the hardware as the first state champion." Howard Hill was more than just an expert archer and bowhunter. He played baseball, basketball and football at Auburn University. He was also a semi-pro baseball player for a while, and even a part time golf professional. After he became established as a Hollywood personality, Howard spent some time at the nearby Pasadena Roving Archers range, which holds claim to being NFAA`s oldest club. Coincidentally, Alabama`s Vulcan Archery Club, his home club, is older, but its NFAA affiliation is not continuous. As of 1998, there was at least one Hill relative still active in club affairs.

Howard Hill as Errol Flynn's double in Robin Hood

Apr/May 2005

The Compound Bow in 1975

The I-gotta-have-one-of-those syndrome probably peaked around 30 years ago. Almost all archers in 1975 had learned how to shoot before the compound bow was introduced in the late 1960`s, primarily as a hunting weapon. Then, once they saw how easy a compound bow was to draw, hold, aim and release, nearly everyone, except the dedicated recurve or longbow purist, wanted one. Shooting 100 or more arrows at a field or indoor range was no longer a tiring chore. Scanning all 1975 Archery magazine issues, I counted eleven different companies advertising compound bows. This excluded Bear Archery, who made compounds, but only advertised recurves in 1975, as well as Hoyt, who had yet to introduce a compound bow. Here are the eleven companies who had ads in the twelve 1975 Archery issues: Allen Ben Pearson Bonnie Bowman Browning Carroll Jennings Lee`s Archery (made by PSE) Olympus PSE Ramco Robin Hood (made by PSE) Although all compound bows offered by these companies were manufactured under the Allen patent, there were some differences. Most were 4wheelers, but at least Carroll, Jennings and PSE (and later, Bear) introduced second-generation, 2-wheeler designs, none of which included the now-common cable guard. Ramco advertised a compound ideally suited for the finger-shooter -- it had a whopping 58 axel-to-axel length. Sadly, to this old stringwalker, it never caught on.

Robin Hood and Groves also advertised cable bows, which were like compounds, but which had pulleys instead of eccentrics. These bows were not licensed by Allen, and could not legally be called compound bows. 1975 was a pivotal year for the compound bow companies. It`s obvious that only a handful of the foregoing companies are still making (or selling) compound bows. During the past thirty years, however, several new and some old (like Hoyt) companies have emerged from the fray. Some have done quite well manufacturing compound bows. Some have done better in the accessory market, most notably in sights, arrow rests, and release aids. Some advertise in the media, and some don`t. There`s one thing for sure: We`ll never have another feeding frenzy like we had in 1975.

Jun/Jul 2005

The first IFAA WFAC held in the US

Lots of NFAA members don`t realize that they`re automatically members of the IFAA ... the International Field Archery Association. The IFAA is a worldwide organization of national field archery associations. In 1975 there were six member nations. Today there are nineteen. Since field archery originated in the US, it`s only natural that the first IFAA shooting rules were identical to NFAA rules. IFAA equipment rules, however, were closer to FITA rules. The first IFAA World Field Archery Championships (WFAC) were held in Sweden in 1969, the second in England in 1973, and the third in the US in 1975. It was decided by the IFAA to hold the 1975 WFAC concurrent with the NFAA`s National Outdoor in Jay, VT. Since the IFAA and NFAA field, hunter and animal rounds were identical in those days, it was no problem for one to shoot both tournaments simultaneously and harmoniously. Not so, today! At the combined WFAC-NFAA Championships in Watkins Glen last year, the rounds did not blend well because of subtle differences in scoring rules and animal target faces. The real differences between the IFAA and NFAA rules in 1975 were associated with amateurism and amateur equipment. Here`s a summary: 1. 2. 3. 4. Must be a recognized amateur. Compound bows illegal. Mechanical releases illegal. No binoculars, and no aid from a person using binoculars. 5. No lens or prism in the bowsight 6. No Cub Division. 7. Youth Division for those under 16. Because of Rule 2, not many NFAA members participated in the 1975 WFAC. [See Apr/May 2005

Nostalgia Corner regarding compound bow popularity in 1975.] Rule 1 had some effect on the low turnout, too. Both US and international amateurs with Olympics aspirations were hampered by FITA Article 201, which essentially said that a FITA shooter could not participate in any international event not controlled by a FITA Member Association. [See Aug/Sep 2004 Nostalgia Corner.] Neither the IFAA nor the NFAA are FITA members Needless to say that in order for the WFAC to survive, the IFAA needed to modernize their rules. Today, none of the seven foregoing restrictions exist; i.e., 1. An IFAA shooter is either a professional or an amateur, which is anyone not a cardcarrying professional. 2. Almost all NFAA-legal bows, release aids, and bowsights are also IFAA-legal. 3. There are four age groups: Cub (under 13), Junior (13-16), Adult (17 and older) and Veteran (55 and older). The IFAA recognizes the sovereignty of its member nations to do their own thing, and since the NFAA steadfastly refuses to change its rules to agree 100% with IFAA rules, we may have seen our last concurrent WFAC-NFAA Championships held in the United States. A stand-alone WFAC in the US, however, is still possible.

Aug/Sep 2005

The Jay Peak Nationals ­ first true Vacation Venue

There was a lot of skepticism when it was announced that the 30th NFAA Outdoor Nationals would be held at the Jay Peak Ski Resort. Jay Peak is sandwiched between the very small towns of Jay and Montgomery, only about six miles from the Canadian border in far north-central Vermont. After all, the nearest big airport is at Montreal, about 85 miles away. The nearest, limited, commercial air service is at Burlington, VT, which is more than 60 miles distant.

The obvious questions, How do I get there, where do I eat and sleep once I get there, and will I be shooting on top of a mountain again? were easily answered. The real skepticism was whether the 1975 Nationals would be a repeat of 1974`s Great Rocky Mountain Rip-Off. Moreover, the IFAA World Field Archery Championships were being held concurrently with the NFAA Outdoor Nationals, and we certainly could not afford an international embarrassment. [See related articles in Dec04/Jan05 and Jun/Jul05 issues of Archery.] What made the 1975 Nationals unique was that the tournament was hosted by the Jay Peak Lodging Association ... a combination of Visitors Bureau and Chamber of Commerce. In the four issues of Archery magazine preceding the tournament, every possi-

ble Q&A was addressed. But their efforts didn`t stop with pre-tournament publicity -- they also constructed the tournament venue. No less than nine, 28-target ranges were bulldozed out of dense forest in the Jay Peak foothills. Using lessons learned from the previous year, there were no ranges on top of the mountain, and all butts were made with excelsior (not straw) bales. Also, all nine ranges were within walking distance of tournament headquarters. Unlike the 1974 Nationals in Colorado, there was hardly a single complaint among the nearly 900 participants at Jay Peak. Although Jay Peak wasn`t the first National Outdoor venue located in a vacation area, it was probably the first collocated with an unrelated winter sport. Watkins Glen is well known for motor sports, but we don`t share the same venue. Other Nationals have been successfully held in parks and recreational areas, but also where the archers must compete with the hikers, campers, anglers, et al, for the same accommodations and services. Because of the terrain and available accommodations, ski resorts make excellent venues for large outdoor archery tournaments. Later, in 1979 and 1998, the Nationals were held at a ski resort near Detroit Lakes, MN. Then in 1992 and 1995, we were at Rib Mountain, outside Wausau, WI, which was the winter venue for snowmobiling and cross-country skiing. Ski areas like Jay Peak, Detroit Lakes and Wausau are typically great places for an archery family vacation, as long as you don`t mind mosquitoes and the smell of fish.

Note: Any previous Nostalgia Corner article may be viewed at

Oct/Nov 2005

Another NFAA Spin-off: The National Bowhunter Education Foundation (NBEF)

Most NFAA old-timers and expert bowhunters know that the Pope & Young Club got its start more than 45 years ago as a part of the NFAA Bowhunting Committee. Fifteen years later, in 1975, an equally important program for all bowhunters, not just trophy hunters, was kicked off in a similar manner. NFAA President Erv Kreischer made this report in the July 1975 issue of Archery: "It is my pleasure to announce that the NFAA Bowhunter Education and Certification program is now a reality. Instruction kits are being distributed to all State and Federal Conservation agencies, archery organizations, and to key people throughout the nation. The program and all associated material was developed over a two year period through the efforts of Bill Wadsworth and the members of his Bowhunting and Conservation Committee. Our immediate objective is to make available a high quality bowhunting instruction course to be administered by qualified, competent instructors. It is our ultimate goal that this Bowhunter Education Course will be required as a prerequisite for purchasing a bowhunting license in all states, thereby establishing the highest unified standards for our sport." The NFAA Bowhunter Education Program didn`t teach one how to shoot, but how to hunt with a bow. It was directed toward upgrading the sport of bowhunting, and addressed bowhunter conduct, ethics, techniques, equipment standards and efficiency standards. It offered an allout effort to properly train the novice bowhunter, as well as to eliminate the slob bowhunter and careless bowhun-

ter. In 1975, the six-hour course consisted of two parts: four hours of concentrated classroom training using visual aids, and two hours of field competency experience, which required each bowhunter seeking certification to demonstrate his hunting equipment and shooting technique in the presence of a Certified Bowhunter Instructor. It wasn`t long until this program was larger than any other single organization of bowhunters in the United States. Then, in 1979, and with the blessing of the NFAA, the re-named National Bowhunter Education Foundation became a totally separate and independent 501 c 3 nonprofit foundation. So there would never be a question of where it came from, the NBEF even adopted the deer-jumping-overthe-stump NFAA Bowhunters logo (see Just as the Pope & Young Club wouldn`t have happened without Glenn St. Charles, the NBEF wouldn`t have happened if it weren`t for Bill Wadsworth. In addition to being an avid bowhunter and author of various howto bowhunt manuals, Bill was an outstanding, almost evangelistic, public speaker. He was a tall man with a big booming voice, and when he spoke on the importance of bowhunter education, everybody listened -- or else!

We can all be proud of what the NFAA and Bill Wadsworth started 30 years ago.

Once the NFAA Bowhunter Education Program became the independent NBEF, nothing could stop its growth. It became quite closely associated with the International Hunter Education Association (, which is the official organization representing virtually all US and Canadian state, provincial, and federal hunter education coordinators.

Dec 2005/Jan 2006

The 15-Target, 300 Round -- A Good Idea at the Time

Back in the late 1960's and a few years before the compound bow, there was a quiet campaign to "get rid of the 80-yarder in NFAA field archery." It was argued that shorter shooting distances were required to attract, and retain, more female, other light-bowed shooters, and bowhunters. Of course, this treasonous act was met with considerable resistance by the diehard, macho, NFAA Board of Directors. Then, a different line-of-attack was tried: Keep the standard 14target round, with its 80-yarder, but create a new 15-target round with no distance longer than 65 yards. The 15target round would also have the more recognizable 300" perfect score, thereby being in step with other perfects, such as in the NFAA Indoor Round, the NFAA International Round, the Vegas Round, and even bowling. Whoever heard of 280 or 560 as a perfect score? In order to pacify the 300" proponents, the1972 NFAA Board of Directors approved the 300 Round unit as an alternate, but official, NFAA Round. 15-target units were defined for all three field archery target faces: Field, Hunter and Animal. Here`s what make them different from the 14target units: 15-Target 300 Field Round. Replace the 80-70-60-50 yard walkup with a 65-60-55-50 yard walkup; and add a 30-25-20-15 yard walk-up. 15-Target 300 Hunter Round. Replace the 70-65-61-58 yard walk-up with a single position 58 yard stake; and add a 32-28-2420 yard walk-up. 15-Target 300 Animal Round. Add a Group 4 (the smallest) animal target. Some clubs found that they didn`t have to clear land to make room for the

15th target. They just used one of the targets on the practice range. The ironic part of this story is that with the advent of the compound bow, the 80-yard target was reachable, and the wimpish 300 Round soon lost favor, even in Ohio, the leader of the revolution. Ohio used the 300 Round in its State Field Championships from 1972 through 1978. The usual composition was 30 Field + 30 Hunter + 15 Animal. Today, the 300 Round still has its proponents ... mostly because it`s more compact and is more readily compatible with a park-like, Target Round venue. With urban sprawl going rampant, and new subdivisions encroaching on your archery clubs property, maybe it`s time to bring back the 15-target, 300 Round.

Feb/Mar 2006

Metrication of the NFAA

There were three major issues facing the NFAA in the mid 1970`s, two of which were subjects of previous Nostalgia Corner articles: 1. 2. The 5-3 field face is too easy. See Oct/Nov 2002 issue. What about amateurism in the NFAA? See Aug/Sep 2004 issue. And, How does the NFAA respond to the Metric Conversion Act of 1975?


Although the Metric Conversion Act did not require mandatory conversion to the metric system over a tenyear period, it implemented a process of voluntary conversion throughout the United States ... public and private. The NFAA took this to heart, and at the annual Board of Directors meeting in February 1976, there was a Metric Committee in place. Its mission was to look at everything in the NFAA rules for possible conversion from English units to metric units. Conversion of target face dimensions was easy. Since the scoring rings on the Field and Hunter faces were being changed anyway (see No. 1, above), why not make the faces metric? The 24-, 18-, 12- and 6-inch faces went to the slightly larger 65-, 50-, 35- and 20-cm face diameters, respectively. Likewise, it was easy to change the 16-inch NFAA Indoor face to a 40cm equivalent. Conversion of shooting distances was a different story. Should the NFAA follow the NAA and make a one-for-one conversion of yards to meters? This would add about 10% to all outdoor shooting distances, making scoring more difficult; but, on the other hand, the new target faces are about 10% larger, making scoring easier. Mostly because of the argument that hundreds of NFAA clubs had no

way to increase the size of their field ranges, the Metric Committee recommended adoption of the whole-meterto-the-nearest-yard conversion scheme. For example, 20 yards would become 18 meters, 45 yards would become 41 meters, and 80 yards would become 73 meters. These odd distances would then render all 28 Field and Hunter 20-pins obsolete, plus the perfect 15-pins for the International Round, as well as all similar State Association perfect pin programs. These non-traditional shootings distances, coupled with the added cost for new 20/15-pin dies and inventory, did not sit well with the NFAA Directors. Although the whole-meter-to-thenearest-yard proposal finally won out, there was never an agreement on the change-over date. It kept getting pushed forward a year at a time. Since they didn`t have to think about it, NFAA members could accept the metric target faces. On the other hand, thinking about metric shooting distances was too much for the average archer. The NFAA just wasn`t ready for 100% metrication. Neither was the rest of the United States public. All efforts to metricate the US were abandoned in 1981.

Apr/May 2006

1976: The year I became an NFAA management intern

It`s reminiscing time once again. Although I was home-based in Ohio, where I was Ohio Archers president, my employer, Rockwell International, had me working in Orange County, California, about 75% of the time from June 1975 through June 1976. I maintained an efficiency apartment, had access to a leased car, and even managed to find some archery action on weekends. I practiced quite a bit at Long Beach`s El Dorado Park, future venue for 1984 Olympics archery competition. Although it took me some time to find their range (then in Irvine), I also shot a 28-Field practice round with the Oranco Bowmen, and even attended one of their monthly club meetings. I was impressed with both the friendliness and organizational efficiency of this big California NFAA club. We had nothing like it in Ohio. Fortuitously, California was the hosting the 1976 NFAA Board of Directors meeting in early February at the Queensway Hilton in nearby Long Beach ... just a few hundred yards from the Queen Mary. The Ohio Director, Bob Brenneman, invited me to attend the meeting as his guest. I didn`t know it at the time, but Bob was grooming me as his replacement, and had managed to get me Alternate Director credentials. I was even seated at the Great Lakes table. I was in awe. Back in Ohio, we rarely had an archery business meeting without a lot screaming arguments and even downright chaos. Here, the meeting was conducted in strict accordance with Roberts Rules of Order. Even the influential and friendly adversaries John Slack of California and Bill Boyle of New York, both with the maximum five votes, were held in check. Erv Kreischer, the NFAA President and Chairman of the meeting, was not only an outstanding leader and no-nonsense

manager, but also an expert in parliamentary procedure. The Sergeant of Arms was never needed. This meeting was also my first exposure to the legislative committee approach for acting on proposed rule changes. Just as with the U.S. Congress and Senate, all bills first get a recommendation for either adoption or no action at the committee level before being presented to the full body. This filtering process probably saves a full day of the Directors` time. Erv Kreischer later congratulated the Directors for the best meeting ever. Even without this endorsement, I knew that I wanted to be a part of this NFAA management team. I was just a journeyman archer, but after this meeting, I felt that I could make a better contribution to our sport as an administrator rather than a shooter. It was then that I adopted my archery credo: Having fun is serious business! I continued my internship in 1977 by attending , and actually working at, the Board of Directors meeting in New Orleans. Later that year, Bob Brennemen stepped down as Ohio Director, and I was elected as his replacement. I was on a roll. Although there have been a few bumps along the way -- like working off the carpetbagger stigma after moving to Georgia -- it`s been a very gratifying thirty years!

Jun/Jul 2006

Aurora: Perfect End to an Era

That`s the caption printed on the October 1976 Archery magazine cover photo. The reason it was perfect was that five (two Field, two Hunter and one Animal) perfect 560`s were shot by NFAA Amateur Freestylers Barry Verlarde and Phil Schmidt at the Aurora (IL) Outdoor Nationals. It had already been decided by the Board of Directors that 1976 would be the last year for the original NFAA 5-3 target face. With the advent of the compound bow and mechanical release aid, it was becoming too easy to shoot perfect. Perfect scores for two consecutive Field and/or Hunter Rounds had been shot in previous years. No one, however, had really expected four consecutive 560`s, plus a routine perfect 560 Animal Round on the fifth day, would happen quite yet. Earlier in the year, the NFAA Pros had decided on a way to avoid a perfect 2800 in their ranks. They had received approval to replace the Friday Animal Round with the NFAA Expert Round. Using the new, 5-4-3, target face, which was to be, and still is, the standard starting in 1977, the Expert Round was instead scored 5-4-32-1 from the center out. At the 1976 Outdoor Nationals, the highest Friday score by any Pro was 545 versus the usual 560, and the highest 5-day total by a Pro was 2783 by Ron Lauhon. Perfect scores were a thing in the past after 1976. The new 5-4-3 target face did its job. The Pros, still bored with shooting perfect Animals, stuck with the Expert Round for a few more years. Today, we`ve even made the perfect Animal Round essentially obsolete. For all National and Sectional tournaments, a small, 1-point, bonus spot is pasted in the kill area. 2828 is now the magic number for a 5-day National Outdoor championship. Pro Dave Cousins has come the closest with a 2813.

It should be quite a few more years before there`s another perfect end to an era.

The original 5-3 target face. The center spot was for aiming purposes only

The post-1976 5-4-3 target face

The Expert Round target face

Aug/Sep 2006

National Tournament Memorabilia

Long before the price of gasoline dictated where and how we took our annual family vacation, first priority for us dedicated field shooters was to attend the week-long Outdoor Nationals. This was especially true in 1976. It was America`s Bicentennial, and after the big July 4th celebrations, we were in a good mood to See the USA. The Auroraland Archers certainly did everything possible to make us want to attend the 1976 Outdoor -- two pre-tournament tournaments, several planned day-trips for the nonshooters, World Pro Team Championships, and catered picnics and barbeques. This sales job paid off. With 1266 shooters, the 1976 Outdoor was the second biggest ever. In those days, it was also the tradition for the tournament host to give each registered shooter a goodies pack full of visitor propaganda, discount coupons, and tournament paraphernalia ... most cherished of which was the tournament commemorative shoulder patch. This practice is no longer observed, but it was really a big deal ever since the first National Outdoor in 1946. Tears were shed in 1970 at the 25th National Outdoor, also at Aurora, when Del Huberty of Wisconsin donated his prized patch jacket to the NFAA. This jacket (see photo) not only had several of Del`s club and association patches sewn on, but every single commemorative patch from the first 25 National Outdoor tournaments. Thirty six years later, Del`s jacket remains in the NFAA Museum. I`ve attended 23 Outdoor Nationals since 1969, but patches were issued at only 17 of these. Possibly it`s because shoulder patches are no longer fashionable, but it`s more likely a matter of economics. Another National Outdoor perk no longer given away is the post-

tournament Tournament Summary Booklet. The booklet contained the complete tally of tournament scores, as well as a list of all record holders for the Field, Hunter and Animal rounds, plus 5-day Aggregate scoring records. It was produced by the NFAA and mailed to each attendee (one per family) a few weeks after the tournament. The cover of the 1976 booklet is shown herein. Note the embedded image of the tournament patch. This booklet was 48 pages thick, and, no doubt, a significant expense item for the NFAA. Today, the complete results are inserted in this magazine, as well as on NFAA`s website. I miss the commemorative tournament patch and summary booklet; but, alas, they`re only memories now. Cover of 1976 Tournament Booklet, showing image of commemorative patch

Del Huberty's jacket with first 25 National Outdoor patches is now in the NFAA Museum

Oct/Nov 2006

Women in Archery

In 1976, and for only the second time in its 32-year history, the editors of Archery magazine decided to publish an issue dedicated to a single subject. In 1974 the subject was the 30th anniversary of the magazine. This time, it was Women in Archery. Moreover, it wasn`t about men writing about women, but women writing about women -- sometimes themselves. Even our advertisers were invited to get aboard. When the idea initially surfaced, there was some trepidation that the women-only issue would fail. On the contrary, the response was overwhelming. They received much more material than could be possibly used in a single issue. Rather than flat-out rejection, the extra material was grouped under Women in Competition, and published in the following month`s issue. Jennings, Carroll and Texas Feathers revised their ads to salute women archers. There were nine feature articles on women in archery and bowhunting in this special issue. Two of these went back a few years. In Lady Toxophilites, Marilyn Tinke had submitted a collection of excerpts taken from the century-old, The Witchery of Archery, by Maurice Thompson. Dick Sage, in his column Strictly for Bowhunters, he noted that with the advent of the compound bow, participation of women bowhunters (bowhuntresses, as Dick called them) had increased five-fold in the past decade. Noting that women generally bowhunt with lighter tackle (compared to men), his Sage Advice was to (1) make sure your arrows match the lower bow weight, and (2) get closer to your target than a man would. The other seven feature articles were concerned with then-current personalities: Nancy Pfeilmeier, an up-andcoming young professional. Her

1975-76 national tournament travelogue is told by Phyllis Butters. Barbara Morris, Open Female Freestyle champion for three consecutive years (1973-75). Midge Dandridge, Bowoman on Safari. The world famous bowhuntress and record-holder tells her own story. Eva Troncoso, How and What I Shoot ... and Why. A step-by-step guide ... with very little help from Freddie. Betty Gulman, the first woman to earn NFAA`s Master Bowhunter Award. Or is it, Mistress Bowhuntress Award? Coach Gretchen James and her champion Camelback High School (Phoenix, AZ) Girls Archery Team. Professional and innovative NFAA Master Coach and professional archer, Jean Manist, as told by Phyllis Butters.

I cannot complete this reminiscence without saying a few words about Phyllis Butters, who wrote two of the foregoing articles. For years, Phyllis was contributing writer and editor for Archery magazine ... mostly about and for the New England Section. She wasn`t a proficient archer, and maybe not even an archer, but she sure knew her archery. In 1977, she was elected to the NFAA Council as New England`s representative, and it was soon after that when she led a team to fix our hodge-podge Constitution and By-Laws.

Dec/Jan 2006/07

The Vegas Shoot -- the first 15 years

Thirty years ago in January 1977, what we`ve always known as simply, the Vegas Shoot, was officially titled the International Indoor Archery Championships. This may have been the fifth name change since it began as the Castaways Open, an outdoor PAA round, fifteen years earlier in 1962. After a hiatus of three years, it went inside on the Las Vegas Strip as the Sahara-Colt U.S. Open Indoor Championships. The following year in 1967, Easton entered as a major sponsor, and the name was changed simply to the U.S. Open. Then there was another lapse of two years. From 1970 through 1973, the title remained the same, but the introduction of the compound bow affected the tournament format considerably. There were now both NFAA and NAA Amateur divisions, as well as NFAA Pro, NFAA Open, College, and JOAD divisions. Prior to 1970, the format essentially followed NAA and PAA rules. [With the NFAA Pros now aboard, however, the PAA was essentially black-balled. In wasn`t until 1977 that they were invited back.] We`ve sort of lost track of the host casino/hotels. Besides the Sahara, there was the International in 1970 and the Thunderbird in 1972. By 1974, the tournament became known as the Desert Inn Archery Classic. The scope of the tournament also widened in the mid-1970`s. The manufacturers trade show expanded, and two novelty shoots were added: the Saunders Slingshot Tournament and the Speed Round. Moreover, the total purse almost doubled since the beginnings in 1962 ... from $10,000 to more than $20,000. [Note: That`s one-sixth of the current Vegas Shoot purse.] In 1977, the name was changed to the International Indoor Archery Championships. The host hotel became the Las Vegas Hilton, formerly known as the International, and the venue moved to the Las Vegas Con-

vention Center (not today`s Convention Center). There was now more than enough space for a hundred manufacturers, and the purse was increased to $25,375. There were over 700 shooters ... less than one-half of what we have today. The purse may be small by today`s standards, but one must remember that a majority of the attendees were amateurs. For example, there were 26 adult and college amateur teams, and only eight open factory teams. Even after a short history of fifteen years, the editors of Archery magazine, in a sample survey of those attending the 1977 Vegas Shoot, characterized it as: A traditional, well-run, crowded, organized, big, established, awkward, super, exciting, loud , frustrating, and tremendous archery family reunion. There are probably thirty more adjectives we could add for the next thirty years.

Feb/Mar 2007

The Order of the Bone

One of the oldest and most obscure benefits of NFAA membership is the Order of the Bone. It was created in 1945 for the sole purpose of recognizing those members who admit making a boo-boo while bowhunting ... and who are willing to tell the World about it. Here are the requirements for membership in this society, as stated verbatim in the NFAA By-Laws: 1. 2. 3. Be a member in good standing of the NFAA. Pull a conspicuous "boner" pertaining to archery hunting. Write or cause to be written a full account of events leading up to and following said "boner" in publishable story form. Whenever possible, articles will be selected to appear in the official publication, although you may win the award and not have your article published due to lack of space. Stories should be mailed to NFAA Headquarters and should include the date the boner was committed.

Thirty years ago, there were no less than eight boner stories published in a single issue (February 1977) of Archery magazine. Although there have been a few Order of the Bone memberships awarded since then, as far as we know, no boner stories have been published in Archery. Moreover, our supply of Order of the Bone pins and membership cards, as well as the list of past recipients, may have been misplaced somewhere in the back storeroom at NFAA Headquarters. This means an exhaustive search if someone suddenly requests an application for Order of the Bone membership. My archery club in Ohio had its own version of the Order of the Bone. We had the Dumber-than-a-coalbucket annual award. It didn`t just apply to bowhunting boners, but to any archery boo-boo. One year, the coal bucket was awarded to our club`s best archer for shooting only four arrows in

the last end of the State Indoor Championship. He lost the championship by a single point. I was also presented with a miniature coal bucket (see photo). In 1971, about five of us club members spent a week bowhunting in Potter County Pennsylvania. During our first day, Sunday, we were scouting and erecting treestands, when I managed to slice the middle finger of my drawing hand -- which bears about 60% of the draw weight -- while cutting an apple. My buddies took me to the Coudersport ER (a 30 minute drive), where the doctor said that since I had pinched the wound closed to the point where it started to heal, stitches weren`t necessary. Baloney! The next day I tried some practice shots with my heavily bandaged finger. Not only did it hurt, but after the second shot, blood was flying everywhere. So, my buddies fixed me up with a rope release. I tried some more practice shots with the release, but was never confident that it was going to work. I was right. I didn`t see any deer from my treestand until late Thursday afternoon. It was nearly dusk when I spotted a doe about 25 yards from my tree. I drew back with my trusty release and let the broadhead fly. Then the whole woods exploded. Crash! Bang! Thump! I climbed down from my treestand to look for my arrow, but it was getting too dark see much. The next morning I found my broadhead. It was stuck in a small, 3inch, maple tree ... a good 15 yards to the left of my 25-yard aiming point. With my camp saw, I removed about eight inches of the trunk with the arrow still embedded. [Actually, I violated Pennsylvania game laws by cutting down the sapling.] This trophy was my only Potter County harvest. It sort of reminded me of the NFAA stump logo. Alas! Even though it`s 35 years after-the-fact, don`t you think I`m eligible for the Order of the Bone? I`m not holding my breath. Instead, I cherish my little coal bucket.

My Dumber-than-a-coal-bucket award

Apr/May 2007

A list of the members of this committee shall be posted in public view. A competitor not following the established tournament rules, improper conduct or creating a safety hazard may be disqualified immediately. A competitor using equipment not deemed legal for NFAA competition may be disqualified after review by the committee, with the archer in question present, after that days shooting is complete." Because we seem to be a little topheavy on rules, the NFAA Directors decided not to specifically define the foregoing "improper conduct." Common sense, good taste, and the spirit of good sportsmanship still prevail. Recently, the International Field Archery Association (IFAA), of which the NFAA is a member, enacted a very strict, 13-point, Basic Code of Conduct for Competitors (see Of course, when any NFAA member participates in an IFAA tournament, this Code of Conduct must be observed. IFAA rules, however, do not apply to NFAA-only competition. With a long history of getting along with fellow competitors, nearly all NFAA members feel that there`s no need for a Golden Rule that`s cast in stone.

NFAA and the Golden Rule

Prior to 1977, the NFAA Code of Conduct applied only to the NFAA Professional, and its definition was only one sentence long: "The NFAA Pro Division member shall conduct himself in a manner (inclusive of dress) that will bring respect and honor to the National Field Archery Association." Oddly, there was no similar wording in the NFAA By-Laws that applied to the rest of the NFAA membership. Moreover, there were no penalties should a Pro violate this code. Other archery organizations at that time; namely the NAA and PAA, had very strict codes, especially concerning clothing (and advertising thereon), footwear, and substance abuse (called doping then). Then at the 1977 Board of Directors meeting in New Orleans, a complete revision to the NFAA Professional Rules was approved. There were now rules covering (1) Code of Ethics, (2) Dress Code, and (3) Disciplinary Action, for violating either code. These rules weren`t all that demanding. They were based on common sense and good taste. Once again, these Pro rules of conduct weren`t meant to apply to non-Pro NFAA members. This oversight was corrected a few years later when the NFAA By-Laws were amended to provide a simple, effective, way of handling all disputes at NFAA national tournaments: "Disputes arising at this tournament will be discussed and ruled upon by a committee consisting of the Tournament Director, NFAA President, one Councilman, and two Directors available at the tournament. The Councilman and Directors will be chosen at random by the Tournament Director.

Jun/Jul 2007

Happy 30th Birthday ... Bowhunter Freestyle

When the NFAA first started holding tournaments, there were just two styles of shooting: barebow and freestyle, both of which represented recreational, or light archery tackle. No release aids in those days either. Then in 1956, Heavy Tackle was introduced as a separate division of competition. A little later, this new style was renamed Competitive Bowhunter division. For either practice or competition, the intent was for the bowhunter to merely exchange the broadheads on his hunting arrows with field points of same weight. It was generally accepted that the points should weigh no less than 125 grains for men and 100 grains for women. The field point looked like this:

those days, Bowhunter Freestyle Limited (fixed pins and fingers) wasn`t formally approved as an NFAA style until 1978. Most of us blame this delay on an administrative oversight. A few years later, the arrow manufacturers lobbied to delete the field point requirements from the Bowhunter styles. Alas, the "shoot-what-youhunt-with" tradition was now dead. Today, the only significant differences between Bowhunter Freestyle and ordinary Freestyle are associated with stabilizers (number and length) and sights (fixed pin and no optics versus unlimited). As a result, Bowhunter Freestyle ranks just behind Freestyle as the most popular NFAA shooting style. Moreover, there`s not a lot of difference between the scores shot ... especially indoors. The next time you go to a tournament, ask a Freestyle Bowhunter if he could exchange his target points with broadheads, and if he would go bowhunting with the same equipment. His response: You must be crazy. So much for nostalgia!

When one missed the target, the concave nose helped the arrow to dig in, rather than skip off the ground. Starting in 1978, the quarter-inch minimum length of the concave portion of the point was actually specified in the NFAA rules. Bullet points were left to the target archers. The Competitive Bowhunter Division remained barebow for more than twenty years. Then when the release aid was approved for competition in 1971, what was previously fingersonly Freestyle, was now called Freestyle Limited. Freestyle was now Unlimited, meaning sights and release aids were allowed ... but not for the Bowhunter style. Then in 1977, thirty years ago, the NFAA Board of Directors created the Bowhunter Freestyle (fixed pins and release aids) Division. Although it was probably the most popular form of bowhunting in

Aug/Sep 2007

1977 Clemson: The last of the Dixie Outdoor Nationals

Of the more than sixty NFAA Outdoor National tournaments, only five have been held south of the Mason-Dixon Line: two in Crystal Springs, AR (1961 and 1962), one in Pt. Pleasant, WV (1966), one in Jackson, MS (1967), and one in Clemson, SC (1977). Why only five? It`s simply because you`ll never see the HeatHumidity Index mentioned in any Southern Living magazine. It can be downright uncomfortable in those tranquil pine forests during the last week in July. Lots of bugs, too. One would think that the 1966 Pt. Pleasant tournament would have killed it for the South. It was over 100° for a few days, and several shooters suffered heat stroke. We guess that this very hot week was considered merely an anomaly, because Jackson, MS, was selected for the 1967 tournament. The next nine Outdoor Nationals were held well north of the Mason-Dixon Line: three in the West, three in Illinois, one in New York, and two in New England. The Heat-Humidity Index wasn`t much of an issue here. You might remember that 1977 was the first year we used the new, metric, 5-4-3 target faces. This meant that there would be no more perfect 560 Field or Hunter rounds, resulting in more exiting competition among the very top shooters, especially the NFAA Pros. Moreover, the Keowee Bowmen`s pre-tournament preparations and publicity were first-rate. For example, they constructed eight new 28-target ranges to go along with the three club-owned permanent ranges. All 308 butts were compressed excelsior, and all butts were ... located in the woods. They lined no less than fourteen accommodations within 18 miles of the range, including a Clemson University dormitory converted to hotel for the summer. They also promised that all eleven ranges ... are in gently sloping, heavily wooded, foothills; should be chigger-

free by July; and the temperature will range from the mid 80`s to low 90`s. Y`all come, y` hear! And they did come. The 1028 registered shooters still ranks as the fifth largest attendance among all NFAA Outdoor National tournaments. Unfortunately, the promised optimum environmental conditions were slightly overstated. As reported in the October 1977 Archery magazine, tournament week turned out to be ... the hottest week of the hottest summer in 15 years. The gently rolling hills description of the eight new ranges proved to be another shock to those not acquainted with the gentlemanly Southern custom of understatement. These conditions led to an overwhelming demand for drinking water, resulting in a logistical nightmare for the Keowee Bowmen on the very first day. Some groups staged sit-down strikes until they got water, while some of the Pros waited forty minutes for replacement target faces. It was reported that the Pros took 7½ hours to shoot 28 targets when five hours was considered excessive. To make matters worse, a plague of yellow jackets infested the new ranges. It seemed that the underground nests these wasps dug were always near the shooting stakes. As the shooters soon found out, ordinary bug repellent has no effect on yellow jackets. Once again, the Keowee Bowmen were called upon to perform miracles. Dozens of new water barrels were purchased and distributed on all ranges, several concession stands were added, and most of the yellow jackets were eradicated by Wednesday morning. Food supply on the ranges, however, remained a problem throughout the week. If it weren`t for the several thoughtful spectators roaming the ranges with emergency provisions, there might be, thirty years later, the skeletal remains of some NFAA member in them thar woods. I`m really sorry that I`ve picked on Clemson and the Keowee Bowmen. None one could have anticipated their problems of 1977. They survived the ordeal, and continue to thrive today. In fact, since it`s the nearest (100 miles) NFAA 5-Star archery club from my home in Georgia, I consider it my

home club. Even though I`ve retired from shooting, I manage to visit the Keowee Bowmen about every third June for the Southeastern Outdoor Sectionals. It`s one great club!

Oct/Nov 2007

The Indoor Championship Round

Back in the old days, before compound bows and release aids, glanceouts or damaged arrows weren`t significant problems when shooting at a single-spot target. By 1977, however, the NFAA Directors saw a need to provide a different indoor target face for its top shooters ... namely, the NFAA Pros. Consequently, at the 1977 annual meeting in New Orleans, the NFAA Indoor Championship Round was created. The shooting rules were identical to the standard Indoor Round -- only the target face, the scoring, and the arrows-per-end were different. The single spot target face was the same then as it is today: a white center spot, 8 cm in diameter, worth 5 points, with four outer dark blue rings, 16, 24, 32 and 40 cm in diameter, worth 4, 3, 2 and 1 points, respectively. The 4 cm X-ring in the dead center is for breaking ties only. The Championship target face created in 1977 had four 16 cm targets mounted on a 40 cm light blue surface. Each target had four scoring rings: a white 4 cm X-ring worth 5 points, a white 8 cm ring worth 4 points, and two dark blue outer rings, 12 and 16 cm in diameter, worth 3 and 2 points, respectively.

Today, the single spot standard Indoor Round consists of 12 ends of five arrows each. As defined in 1977, the Indoor Championship Round consisted of 15 ends of fours arrows each. This meant that you couldn`t mix the two rounds in the same tournament. As far as we know, the 4-spot target face has never been used in NFAA Indoor Championships. Sometime in the mid-1980`s, the 5-spot indoor target face was introduced. It`s the same target that nearly all freestyle shooters use today, and is nothing more than the 4-spot target with one more 16 cm target placed in the center. The scoring, however, is different. Instead of 5-4-3-2 from the center outward, the 5-spot target scoring is 5 for the 8 cm white spot, including the 4 cm X-ring, and 4 for the combined, 12 cm and 16 cm, blue rings. In other words, the 5-spot target scores the same as a single-spot target except that any shot outside the 16 cm ring is scored a zero rather than 3, 2 or 1. The 5-spot target made the 4-spot target, as well as the Indoor Championship Round, virtually obsolete. In fact, the Indoor Championship Round was deleted from the NFAA rules this year ... thirty years after its creation. Although none are in the inventory and none are being printed, the 4-spot target is still in the NFAA rules as an optional indoor target face. It is expected that this oversight will be corrected next February at the 2008 annual meeting. If anyone out there has a vintage 1977, 4-spot target face, hang on to it, or give it to the NFAA Museum.

The soon-forgotten, 4-spot, Indoor Championship target

Dec 2007/Jan 2008

Just Reminiscing ...

The problem with writing articles that have a definitive scope, such as 30 years ago, is that there`s often nothing worthwhile to write. That`s the way it was for the NFAA in late 1977. First, newly-elected NFAA President, George Chraft, died suddenly of cardiac arrest at the very young age of 52. Vice President Jim Shubert not only inherited a tremendous responsibility, but also a very serious financial problem ... unknown to him or anyone else in the NFAA until late 1978. It seems that money collected for the NFAA Professional Division was not there, but was offset by merchandise of equivalent worth. Similarly, funds earmarked for bowhunter programs had been used for other purposes in the NFAA general account. Since 1969, the NFAA owned and published Archery magazine, and the entire editorial staff split their time between NFAA business and Archery magazine business. On the surface, it appeared that the magazine was doing quite well, but a few insiders knew differently -- it was losing lots of money, but no one knew how much. Now, do you see what I mean in the first paragraph? 30 years ago we were entering the doldrums -- not too many good things were happening. 1978 was a good year for me, however. I was recently elected Ohio`s NFAA Director, and Ohio was to be co-host, with Kentucky, of the 1978 annual Board of Directors meeting in Ft. Mitchell, KY, just across the river from Cincinnati. The convention facilities at the Drawbridge Motor Inn were perfect. The only problem was that the Directors were essentially held captive in the motel for all four meeting days. Just one week earlier, Ohio, as well as the surrounding states, experienced the worst blizzard in history! There must have been a good ten inches of frozen snow in the Drawbridge parking lot, and since the cars there

couldn`t be moved, no one could plow the lot clean. I barely made it from Columbus to Cincinnati on February 1st. Southwestern Ohio is fairly flat, and although there were snow fences along I-71, the drifts were sufficiently high to cover several 18-wheelers, still abandoned after six days. The entrance ramps to the rest areas were blocked huge piles of plowed snow. Some of the Directors were itching to visit the bars and clubs in Newport, KY, otherwise known as Sin City, but I couldn`t accommodate them. I was trapped in Drawbridge Motor Inn, too, and my 1970 Ford Torino had no snow tires. To top it off, I blew-out my muffler, and I literally roared all the way back to Columbus. It was very embarrassing. It was a good meeting, though, and a good start to the tenth year of my 40-year NFAA career.


Nostalgia Corner

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