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VUFO - NGO Resource Centre & Water Supply and Sanitation Working Group

Water & Sanitation Sector Reference Document

Overview of organizations in Vietnam assisting water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion

Photo: Nguyen Vu

2nd Edition. Hanoi, December 2005

Water & Sanitation Sector Reference Document

Overview of organizations in Vietnam assisting water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion

2nd Edition

Hanoi, December 2005

VUFO - NGO Resource Centre & Water Supply and Sanitation Working Group

Foreword

The Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) Working Group, under the VUFO-NGO Resource Centre, was established in 2003 to enhance the development of urban and rural WSS sector in Vietnam. The Working Group is a forum for International NonGovernmental Organisations (INGOs) and other stakeholders that meet to increase their knowledge of relevant issues related to water supply and sanitation in and outside Vietnam. Objectives of the Working Group include but are not limited to: · Facilitating communication and information exchange between the INGO sector, multilateral and bilateral agencies, local partners, and Vietnamese authorities · Giving those organizations working in the WSS sector a recognized forum to discuss practical program issues · Raising the profile of the WSS sector in Vietnam · Collaborating and sharing technical expertise on WSS issues · Improving the impact of WSS activities · Sharing information on WSS policy and improving understanding of related issues This reference document is intended to enhance these objectives. We consider it a key resource that can be utilized by all INGOs, bilateral and multilateral agencies, Vietnamese government agencies, and non government organizations who seek consultation and collaboration. Further information on the work of the Water Supply and Sanitation Working Group can be obtained through the current Working Group Coordinators, Church World Service. Comments and updates on information contained in this document can also be made through Church World Service or the VUFO-NGO Resource Centre. Special thanks for this document go to SNV and World Vision Vietnam for their generous sponsorship and to John Collett for his coordination efforts. Also thanks go to Alex Zvinakis and Vu Manh Tan for collecting and compiling the information.

Joanne Fairley Church World Service Vietnam Representative

4

Acknowledgements

As this is the second edition of the Water & Sanitation Sector Reference Document, we must give our appreciation to the original writer, Ross Tomlinson, who compiled the first edition and left everything in good order for this revision. Several NGOs also provided comments about the first edition, which proved helpful when creating this updated version. In producing this document we would like to thank SNV and World Vision Vietnam for their financial support. In addition we must thank John Collett, Water and Sanitation Advisor at Plan Vietnam, for his technical guidance through the entirety of the assignment. We would also like to acknowledge Joanne Fairley at Church World Service for input on our initially proceeding as well as her overall leadership of the Water & Sanitation Working Group. Last but not least, we are grateful to all organizations that provided their time to complete the questionnaire and make this document possible. Alex Zvinakis and Vu Manh Tan Reference Document Consultants

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Table of Contents

Page

Acronyms Survey Respondent Contact Information Table of Government, Teaching Institutions and Donors Agencies Brief Overview of Water and Sanitation in Vietnam Discussion of Water and Sanitation Survey Results Map of Provinces with Water and Sanitation Activities Table of Present Project Areas Table of Water and Sanitation Activities Glossary of Technical Terms Alphabetic Listing of Individual Organization Information

7 8 10 13 14 15 16 18 20 21

6

Acronyms

AFD AusAID AFAP BP BORDA CANADA CARE CARSWI CESVI CHF CHILDFUND CIDSE CWS CPI DANIDA EAST EMW GNI HELVETAS IDE ITI JICA MEDRIX NAV NMA OXFAM GB OXFAM HK PLAN PSBI PSI SPIR UCODEP WB - Handwashing WEF WHO WVV YWAM Agence Française de Développement (French Development Agency) Australian Agency for International Development Australian Foundation for the Peoples of Asia and the Pacific Biogas Programme for the Animal Husbandry Sector (MARD in Collaboration with SNV) Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association The Canada Fund for Local Initiatives in Vietnam Care International in Vietnam Caritas Switzerland Cooperazione e Sviluppo CHF-Partners in Rural Development Childfund Vietnam Cooperation International pour le Developpement et la Solidarite Church World Service Counterpart International Embassy of Denmark Eau, Agriculture, et Santé en Milieu Tropical East Meets West Foundation Good Neighbors International Swiss Organization for International Development International Development Enterprises, Vietnam International Trachoma Initiative Japan International Cooperation Agency Medical Education Development of Resources International Exchange Nordic Assistance to Vietnam Norwegian Mission Alliance Oxfam Great Britain Oxfam Hong Kong Plan in Vietnam Pearl S. Buck International Population Services International Samaritan's Purse International Relief Unity and Cooperation for the Development of People World Bank ­ Vietnam National Handwashing Initiative Vietnam Fund for Safe Water & Environment World Health Organization in Vietnam World Vision Vietnam Youth with a Mission

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Survey Respondent Contact Information

# Acronym

1 2 3 4

Name of Organization

Contact Person Contact Position

E-Mail

Address in Vietnam

Telephone

04 8562421 04 8236764 04 8317754 04 7629580

Fax

04 5143539 04 8236396 04 8317706 04 7629579

AFAP AFD AusAID BORDA

Australian Foundation for the House 17, Alley 71, Lang Ha Le Thi Minh Khai Country Director [email protected] Peoples of Asia and the Pacific St., Hanoi Agence Française de Senior Programme [email protected], Développement (French Francis Frey 48 A Tran Phu, Ba Dinh, Hanoi Officer [email protected] Development Agency) Australian Agency for Mr. Nguyen Van Senior Program [email protected] 8 Dao Tan, Ba Dinh, Hanoi International Development Thuan Officer Bremen Overseas Research and 218 Doi Can. La Thanh Hotel, J Lutz Rainer Meyer Regional Director [email protected] Development Association Block, Hanoi Biogas Programme for the Animal Husbandry Sector in some Provinces of Vietnam (MARD in Collaboration with SNV) The Canada Fund for Local Initiatives in Vietnam Care International In Vietnam Ms. Huong, Mr. Augustijn Nguyen Thi Thanh Huong Simon Eccleshall Project Coordinator/Chief Technical Advisor Coordinator Assistant to Country Director/Programs Programme Coordinator Project Coordinator & Representative Technical Coordinator Water & Sanitation Program Manager Project Coodinator Representative Representative Counsellor (Development) Coordinator Country Director [email protected], [email protected] R. 104 2G Bldg., Van Phuc Dipl. Compound, 298 Kim Ma, Hanoi

th

5

BP

04 7261771

04 7261773

6 7

CANADA CARE

[email protected] [email protected]

12 Floor, Hanoi Tower, 49 Hai 04 9348414 Ba Trung Street, Hanoi 25 Hang Bun Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi Room 120, Khach San La Thanh, 218 Doi Can, Ba Dinh, Hanoi 26, Alley 1, Au Co Street, Tay Ho District, Hanoi 04 7161930

04 9348395 04 7161935

8

CARSWI

Caritas Switzerland

Vuong Dinh Giap

[email protected]

04 8325943

04 7626277 04 8294520

9

CESVI

Cooperazione e Sviluppo CHF-Partners in Rural Development Childfund Vietnam Cooperation International pour le Developpement et la Solidarite Counterpart International Church World Service Embassy of Denmark Eau, Agriculture et Santé en Milieu Tropical East Meets West Foundation Good Neighbors International Swiss Organization for International Development

Andrea Tamburini

[email protected]

04 8294520

10

CHF

Mike Lord Tran Thi Kieu Hanh Nguyen Phuong Nga LeRoy Duvall Joanne Fairley Torben Nilsson Matthieu Rundstadler Mark Conroy

[email protected] [email protected], [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected]

Room 201, Block B1, Van Phuc 04 7261709 Compound, Kim Ma, Hanoi No.102-103, Block 2G Van Phuc Compound, Kim Ma Street, Hanoi 6, Alley 1, Le Van Huu Street, Ha Ba Trung District, Hanoi #5, Alley 40, Xuan Dieu Street Hanoi La Thanh Hotel, 218 Doi Can, Hanoi 04 7261141

04 7261709

11 CHILDFUND

04 7261140

12 13 14 15 16 17 18

CIDSE CPI CWS DANIDA EAST EMW GNI

04 9436678 04 7199690 04 8328569

04 9436449

04 8328629 04 8231999 04 8510898

19 Dien Bien Phu Street, Hanoi 04 8231888 51 Ngo Gieng, Pho Dong Cac, Hanoi 32 Pasteur Street, Danang 04 8510898

05 11821990 05 11821850 04 7545077 04 8431744

Nguyen Van Huan Project Coordinator Neil Walton Program Director

19 HELVETAS

Rm. 1105 Lang Quoc Te Thang Long, Dich Vong, Cau Giay, 04 7545077 Hanoi 298F (109-112 A2 VanPhuc 04 8431750 Compound) Kim Ma, Hanoi

8

Survey Respondent Contact Information Continued

# Acronym

20 21 22 23 24 25

Name of Organization

International Development Enterprises, Vietnam International Trachoma Initiative Japan International Cooperation Agency MEDRIX Nordic Assistance to Vietnam Norwegian Mission Alliance

Contact Person Contact Position

Nguyen Van Quang Nguyen Phuong Mai Koji Nishimiya Robert Catherman Liv Steimoeggen Nguyen Thi Hai Provash Chandra Mondal John Marsh John Collett Country Director Country Representative Expert Director of Safe Water Development Resident Representative Senior Project Coordinator Humanitarian Programme Coordinator Representative Water and Sanitation Advisor Country Director Country Representative Director Health Project Officer Coordinator Secretary of WEF Vietnam Environmental Health Officer National Director of Programs Country Director

E-Mail

[email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected], [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected], [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected]

Address in Vietnam

102 Linh Lang, Cong Vi, Ba Dinh, Hanoi 34/2/1 Nguyen Hong Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi 360 Kim Ma Street, Hanoi 63 Ly Thai To St, Office 2F/01 Hanoi 14 Hai Ba Trung Street, Hue City 26 Ngô Vn Nm, district 1, HCMC 16 Mai Hac De, Hanoi 16 Mai Hac De, Hanoi Plan in Vietnam, 10th Floor Capital Building, 72 Tran Hung Dao, Hanoi Room 403, Van Phuc Building, #2 Nui Truc Street., Ba Dinh District, Hanoi Office 903, Giang Vo Lake View Building, D10 Giang Vo, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi 17T1 Trung Hòa - Nhân Chính, Suite 704, Hà N?i 66D - To Ngoc Van Street, Tay Ho, Hanoi 63 Ly Thai To, Hanoi 1 Nguyen Thuong Hien, Hanoi 63 Tran Hung Dao Street, Hanoi 4th Floor, 14-16 Ham Long, HEAC Building, Hanoi No 19, Lane 68/53, Cau Giay Street, Hanoi

Telephone

04 7664245 04 7735230 04 8315005 04 9349277 054 832166 08 8292364 04 9454362 04 9454406 04 8220661 Ext.35 04 8465401

Fax

04 7664240 04 8356808 04 8315009 04 9349277 054 822613 08 8277687 04 9454365

IDE ITI JICA MEDRIX NAV NMA

26 OXFAM GB 27 OXFAM HK 28

Oxfam Great Britain

Oxfam Hong Kong Plan in Vietnam

PLAN

04 8223004

29

PSBI

Pearl S. Buck International

Pham Minh Hang

04 8465402

30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37

PSI SPIR UCODEP WB - HI WEF WHO WVV YWAM

Population Services International Samaritan's Purse International Unity and Cooperation for the Development of People World Bank - Vietnam National Handwashing Initiative Vietnam Fund for Safe Water & Environment World Health Organization in Vietnam World Vision Vietnam Youth with a Mission

Chris Jones David Chang Le Van Thanh Nga Kim Nguyen Minh Nguyen Le Thi BichThuy Greg Kearns Roslyn Jackson

04 7723620 04 2510448 04 7199627 04 9346600 ext. 390 04 9427396 04 9433734/35 04 9439920 04 7670700

04 7723623 04 2510576 04 7199627 04 9346597 04 9427396 04 9433740 04 9439921 04 7670702

9

Government Ministries

# Acronym Name of Organization

Centre for Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation (MARD) Centre for Health Education and Communication (MoH) Centre for Water Resources Development and Environment, Vietnam Institute for Water Resources (MARD) Department of Preventive Medicine Department of Water Resources Management (MARD) Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Ministry of Health Ministry of Construction Ministry of Education and training Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Ministry of Planning and Investment

Address in Vietnam

Telephone

Fax

1 2

CERWASS CHEI CWE-VIWR

73 Nguyen Hong, Hanoi 138A-Giang Vo,Hanoi

8358 934 8464 416 8535 112

8355 964 8460 157 563 2827 7366 241 7335 702 8454 107 7366 241 9762 153 8693 243 8359 221 8234 453

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

DPM DWR MARD MoH MoC MoET MoNRE MoPI

17 Tay Son, Dong Da, Hanoi 138a Giang Vo, Hanoi 2 Ngoc Ha, Ba Dinh, Hanoi 2 Ngoc Ha, Hanoi 138a Giang Vo, Hanoi 37 Le Dai Hang, Hanoi 49 Dai Co Viet, Hanoi 83 Nguyen Chi Thanh, Hanoi 2 Hoang Van Thu, Hanoi

8464 416 7335 760 8468 161 8464 416 9760 271 8694 795 ext 277 7732 731 8461 586

Teaching and Research Institutions

#

1

Acronym

AITC-VN HMU-DoHOM 2 3 HUCE-CEETIA HUCE-DWSS 4 5 6 7 8 9 IWARP IWRR RTCRD VAST VEPA WSSRC

Name of Organization

Asian Institute of Technology Centre in Vietnam Hanoi Medical University,Faculty of Public Health,Department of Health Organisation and Management Centre for Environmental Engineering of Towns and Industrial Areas,Hanoi University of Civil Engineering Division of Water Supply and Sanitation, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Hanoi University of Civil Engineering Institute of Water Resources Planning Institute of Water Resources Research Research and Training Center for Rural Development Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology Vietnam Environmental Protection Agency, Center for Environmental Consulting, Training and Technology Water Supply and Sanitation Reference Center, Thai Binh Medical College

Address in Vietnam

21 Le Thanh Tong, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi

Telephone

8255 493 8523 798

Fax

9330 300 8525 115 8691 684 8691 684 8252 807 5632 474 9717 235 8361 196 8223 221 (036) 838 545

1 Ton That Tung, Dong Da, Hanoi 55 Giai Phong, Hai Ba Trung, Hanoi 8691 302 8691 830 55 Giai Phong, Hai Ba Trung, Hanoi 162A Tran Quang Khai, Hanoi 171Tay Son Street, Hanoi 310/Building 11, K9 Bach Dang Ward, Hai Ba Trung, Hanoi 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Nghia Do, Cau Giay, Hanoi 67 Nguyen Du, Hai Ba Trung, Hanoi 81 Ly Bon Street, Thai Binh City 8264 883 8535 251 9717 235 8360 870 8223 221 (036) 838 545

10

10

Donor Agencies

#

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Acronym

AFD ADB AusAID CIDA DANIDA DfID EU FAO FINNIDA GTZ JBIC JICA Lux Dev NORAD SDC SIDA UNDP UNICEF WHO WSP VN / WB

Name of Organization

Agence Francaise de Developpement Asian Development Bank Australian Agency for International Development Canadian International Development Agency Danish Development Assistance Department for International Development European Union UN Food and Agricultural Organisation Finland International Development Agency German Agency for Technical Cooperation Japanese Bank for International Cooperation Japan International Cooperation Agency Lux Development Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation Swedish International Development Agency United Nations Development Programme United Nations Childrens Fund World Health Organisation Water and Sanitation Partnership

Address in Vietnam

48A Tran Phu, Hanoi 23 Phan Chu Trinh, Hanoi 8 Dao Can, Hanoi 31 Hung Vuong, Hanoi 19 Dien Bien Phu, Hanoi 31 Hai Ba Trung, Hanoi 56 Ly Thai To, Hanoi No. 3 Nguyen Gia Thieu, Hanoi Central Building, 6th Floor, 31 Hai Ba Trung, Hanoi 41 Ly Thai To, Hanoi 63 Ly Thai To Street 11th Floor, Daeha Business Centre, 360 Kim Ma, Hanoi 504 Metropol Centre, Hanoi c/o Norwegian Embassy, 56 Ly Thai To, Hanoi Level 16, Hanoi Central Office Building, 44 B, Ly Thuong Kiet, Hanoi 2 Nui Truc, Ba Dinh, Hanoi 25 - 29 Phan Boi Chau, Hanoi 72 Ly Thuong Kiet, Hanoi 63 Tran Hung Dao, Hanoi 63 Ly Thai To, Hanoi

Telephone

8236 764 9331 374 8317 755 7345 056 8231 888 9360 555 9341 300 9424208 8266 788 9344 951/2/3 8248 934 8315 005 9362 826 9742 930 9346 627 8454 824 9421 495 9425 706 9433 734 9346 600

Fax

8236 396 9331 373 8317 706 7345 059 8231 999 9360 556 9341 361 9423 257 8266 766 9344 950 8248 937 8315 009 9362 825 8260 222 9346 633 8232 195 9422 267 9425 705 9433 740 9346 597

11

12

Brief Overview of Water and Sanitation in Vietnam

Vietnam, a country of 83 million, has a unique set of challenges in the water and sanitation sector. It has made significant progress in the past 15 years, with improved potable water delivery and improving sanitation coverage. However, the rural population continues to lag behind city-dwellers with clean sanitation facilities available to 26% of households, compared to 84% in urban areas.1 To compound problems of rural coverage, 75% of the total land area consists of highland or mountainous areas, where about a third of the population live. Water supply problems are most severe in the Central Highlands, followed by the Northwest. The country also faces a number of natural challenges. Rainfall is highly uneven, with most of the precipitation occurring in just a few months. Though Vietnam has adequate groundwater reserves with only 5% extracted, excessive use in certain areas has led to falling water tables and salinity intrusion.2 Tropical storms and floods are also a problem, with the subsequent contamination of water supplies after a disaster, and a need for hygienic latrine facilities for evacuees. Vietnam is a fast-developing country with a young population. More than a quarter of the population is under the age of 14, which presents challenges in the area of hygiene education. One study found that nearly all eight-year-olds using unhygienic sources of water perceived the water to be "good."3 In rural areas, the connections between lack of sanitation, handwashing and disease transmission are not well understood. There are two key documents useful for studying the overall direction of the water and sanitation sector in Vietnam. The National Rural Clean Water Supply and Sanitation Strategy4 discusses technical challenges facing the sector and lists national goals to the year 2020. These are: By 2010, 85% of the rural population have access to 60 liters per capita per day of clean water and 70% have access to hygienic latrines and have good personal hygiene; and By 2020 all the rural population have access to 60 liters per capita per day of clean water and there is universal access to hygienic latrines as well as good personal hygiene. The Joint Government-Donor Sector Review5 is an assessment of the rural water supply and sanitation sector that identifies potential obstacles to success and makes a series of recommendations. In short, the national goals of clean water are likely to be met, but there needs to be greater emphasis on the poorest, most remote areas. In addition, development of adequate rural sanitation has been slower than required to meet the national targets and a vastly increased national effort is recommended.

World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund. (2004). WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) 2004. 2 Department of Water Resources Management. (2004). Sharing Water in Vietnam. 3 Young Lives Project. (2003). Young Lives International Study of Childhood Poverty in Viet Nam. 4 Ministry of Construction and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. (2000). National Rural Clean Water Supply and Sanitation Strategy up to Year 2020. 5 Stockholm Environment Institute. (2005). Joint Government of Viet Nam Donor Review of Rural Water Supply, Sanitation and Health in Viet Nam.

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Discussion of Water and Sanitation Survey Results

The Water & Sanitation Sector Reference Document 2005 was compiled based on a survey sent to NGOs, bilateral and multilateral organizations, teaching institutions, and various ministries. Contact was initiated with approximately 90 organizations believed to be involved in the WSS Sector, and responses were received from thirty seven. The work was initiated in November and advertised in December of 2005 through the NGO Resource Centre weekly newsletter. Communication with the organizations was made through telephone and email. The activities of the survey respondents cover a large part of Vietnam. 58 of the 64 provinces in the country benefit from INGOs and other international organizations' support (see map). In addition there are project activities in at least 19 urban centres. The intensity of WSS activities, shown by the shading on the map highlights the greater attention given by the survey respondents to the North Central Area and Median Central Area and gaps in project coverage in the Central Highlands. The survey respondents are working in a wide variety of Water and Sanitation program areas, though there are fields of common interest to all. It is notable that most are involved in Capacity Building and Information, Education and Communication (IEC) activities. Many are also involved in Institutional Support activities, such as providing potable water supplies and sanitation to schools and health centres. The number of beneficiaries from potable water, safe sanitation, and hygiene education in the recent twelve months is shown in the following table:

Total Results Table for 2004-2005

Number of Beneficiaries Households Benefiting Villages Schools Health Centres Hospitals Laboratory Towns

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education

1,004,943 621,440 2,364,489

51,687 90,647 510,089

1,503 1,695 4,734

528 529 804

156 127 460

1 2 11

2 0 0

0 0 7

Most of the respondents have partnered with Provincial, District and Commune People's Committees to coordinate their implementation work. At the national and provincial level there is close collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), the Centre for Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (CERWASS) and the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD). The Reference Document does not give the complete picture of Water and Sanitation activities in Vietnam as a number of organizations were unable to respond. The most notable gap is the absence of information from several large bilateral and multilateral programs and from government ministries. In spite of these limitations this document should be a useful starting point for those interested in knowing about who is doing what, and where, in the WSS Sector in Vietnam.

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Location of the Water and Sanitation Activities Covered in this Report, 2005

Provinces with Urban Project Activity Bac Lieu Binh Duong Dak Lak (Buon Ma Thuot) Dong Thap (Sa Dec) Ha Tinh Hanoi Ho Chi Minh City Kien Giang (Ha Tien) Lam Dong (Dalat) Ninh Thuan Phu Yen Quang Nam (Tam Ky) Quang Ngai Quang Ninh (Halong) Quang Tri (Dong Ha) Tay Ninh Thanh Hoa Thua Tien Hue (Lang Co) * Town names, where reported, are in parentheses

5

.

63

N

63: Dien Bien

O R

62: Dac Nong

L

35

C

39 62

I

H

D

64

Reported Province Activity

64: No activity 1-5 districts with projects 6-9 districts with projects More than 10 districts with projects Hau Giang

Adapted from UNICEF WES Vietnam Provincial Map

15

Present Project Areas

Provinces

C O O B C C D H M U A A C HI XF XF Y O A A C CI C A E EL E N PL C W F AF U B A CH LD C EA G ID N A A PS PS W W W R N RI ES D W NI M VE ITI D M A O H A D SA P R F FU PI ST NI E AV M M BI I EF VV A D D TA VI SE S D W TA RI A N D O P ID E N G H M A A S A S X EP D B K 1 3 X 1 1 2 X 6 1 X 5 1 1 3 X 1 3 6 3 1 X 1 X 1 X 4 5 X 1 5 4 X X X 2 X 1 1 1 8 X X 2 1 3 3 5 1 3 4 5 5 2 1 3 7 2 4 3 3 4 1 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 X 2 2 3 3 2 2 X X 1 1 X X 1 1 1 3 X

Bac Can Bac Giang Bac Ninh Cao Bang Hau Giang Lang Son Lao Cai Dien Bien Phu Tho Quang Ninh Thai Nguyen Tuyen Quang Vinh Phuc Yen Bai Hoa Binh Lai Chau Son La Ha Nam Ha Noi Ha Tay Hai Duong Hai Phong Hung Yen Nam Dinh Ninh Binh Thai Binh Ha Tinh Nghe An Quang Binh Quang Tri Thanh Hoa Thua Thien Hue Binh Dinh Da Nang Khanh Hoa Phu Yen Quang Nam Quang Ngai Dac Lac Gia Lai Kon Tum Ba Ria Vung Tau Binh Duong Binh Phuoc Binh Thuan Dong Nai Ho Chi Minh City Lam Dong

1 X

1 1

16

Present Project Areas continued

Provinces

C O O B C C D H M U A A C HI XF XF Y O A A C CI C A E EL E N PL C W F AF U B A CH LD C EA G ID N A A PS PS W W W R N R ES D W NI M VE ITI D M A O H A D SA P R F FU PI ST NI E AV M M BI I EF VV A D D S VI SE S D W TA RI A N D O P ID E N G H M A A WI A S X EP D B K 5 1 X 5 3 4 1 6 5 4 X 4 2 2 X 2 2 1 X X 3 X X X X X X X X X 2 X X 5

Ninh Thuan Tay Ninh An Giang Bac Lieu Ben Tre Ca Mau Can Tho Dong Thap Kien Giang Long An Soc Trang Tien Giang Tra Vinh Vinh Long Dac Nong Dak Nong Urban Areas Dalat Halong Buon Ma Thuot Kien Giang Tay Ninh Binh Duong Ninh Thuan Phu Yen Thanh Hoa Ha Tinh Dong Ha Lang Co Quang Ngai Tam Ky Bac Lieu Ha Tien Sa Dec Ho Chi Minh Hanoi

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

* Numbers indicate quantity of active projects ** An 'X' indicates a project being implemented in an unspecified number of districts, sometimes only one

17

Water and Sanitation Activities

WB - Handwash CHILDFUND OXFAM GB HELVETAS OXFAM HK UCODEP CARSWI MEDRIX DANIDA AUSAID BORDA CIDSE CESVI CARE AFAP PLAN EAST EMW WHO CWS PSBI SPIR NMA WVV JICA WEF CHF NAV AFD GNI CPI IDE PSI BP ITI

Water Source: Lake or pond Lowland river / stream Rainwater catchment Highland river / stream Open well Spring protection Protected Well Deep Borehole Shallow Borehole Water Collection Rope and Washer Treadle Pump Bucket and rope Handpump Diesel/petrol pump Electric pump Solar/wind pump Hydraulic ram Gravity Fed System Water Quality Initial H2O quality test Routine H2O quality tests Point of collection test Point of consumption Support to govt./labs Water Treatment Household filters Household disinfection Village/ System filters Village/system disinfect Sedimentation Assisted sedimentation Aeration Solar disinfection Ultraviolet Water Storage Household storage tank Communal reservoir Water tower reservoir Open Pond Water Distribution System Communal water point Private/household tap(s) Control Valves Institution Support Activities School water supply School sanitation Health Centre water supply Health Centre sanitation Hospital water supply Hospital sanitation

X X X

X X X X X X X

X X X X

X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X

X X X

X X X X

X X

X X X X X

X

X X X X X X

X X X

X X X X X

X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X

X X

X X X X X X

X X X X X

X X X X X X

X

X X

X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X

X

X X X X

X X X

X

X X X

X

X

X X X X X X X x x

X X X X X X X X X

X X

X X X

X

X X X X

X

X

X X X X X X X X

X

X

X

X X X X

X X

X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X

X X X X

X

X

X X X X

X X

X X X X

X

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18

Water and Sanitation Activities continued

WB - Handwash CHILDFUND OXFAM GB OXFAM HK HELVETAS UCODEP CARSWI MEDRIX DANIDA AUSAID BORDA CIDSE CESVI CARE AFAP PLAN EAST EMW WHO CWS PSBI SPIR NMA WVV JICA WEF CHF NAV AFD GNI CPI IDE PSI BP ITI

Town water supplies Town sanitation system Emergency Response Activities Stock of water supply response kits Stock of sanitation kits Environmental Research Groundwater surveys Environmental water quality monitor Household Sanitation Simple pit latrines Pour flush pit latrines Composting (twin) pit Household: Septic tanks Biogas energy recovery Institutional Sanitation Simple pit latrines Pour flush pit latrines Composting (twin) pit Septic tanks Biogas recovery Bathrooms Wastewater drainage Wastewater treatment Institutional solid waste management Incinerators Waste pits / Landfill Village solid waste management (waste pit, landfill) Capacity Building Activities Communal participation in problem analysis and solutions Communal participation in construction (non financial) Communal financial contribution Technical training for operation and maintenance (communal) Technical training for operation and maintenance (partners) Water system management training and skills development Establishing / training Water User Associations Payment system for operation and maintenance Umbrella association for water user groups Health, Hygiene Promotion and Behavior Change School hygiene promotion / student health clubs Household health visitor hygiene promotion and monitoring Communal health visitor hygiene promotion Communal promotion materials radio, theatres and pamphlets Behavior change monitoring Advocacy / Water Rights promotion Gender equality promotion with regard to watsan

X X X X X X X X

X

X X

X X X X

X

X

X

X X X X X X

X

X X X

X

X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X

X X X X X

X X X X X X

X X X

X X X

X X X X X

X X

X

X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X

X

X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

X

X X X X X

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19

Glossary of Technical Terms

Highland stream: Water source open, flowing and with few, if any, upstream villages. Water quality generally satisfactory Lowland stream: Water source open and flowing. Many upstream communities and water quality unsatisfactory Open / traditional well: All wells not satisfying protected well standards Protected well: A large diameter (over 1.0m) well with a protective apron of concrete at the surface, a secure wall, a water proof cover and with a lining down to the water bearing strata Spring protection: A protective concrete box at the opening of a spring Deep borehole: A small diameter drilled hole going deep into the ground. The borehole itself is capped with concrete and has an impermeable lining as far as the water bearing strata Shallow borehole: A small diameter hole going 30m or less into the ground Rope and washer pump: A low technology pump with washers pulling water through a PVC tube to raise water Bucket and rope: Classic bucket on a rope technique Treadle pump: Foot operated mechanical pump Handpump: Hand operated mechanical pump Hydraulic ram: Pump using energy of falling water to raise water to higher elevation Water quality test: Water quality test conducted when a water source is first ready for use Routine water quality test: Water quality test conducted as part of water quality monitoring programme Point of collection test: Water quality test sample taken at the source of water or the point that people collect the water to take home Point of consumption test: Water quality test sample taken at the place where population use their water, after home storage Filters: A mechanical means to clean water by passing it through a medium such as sand, charcoal, cloth etc; this can be at a household level or at a village level Disinfection: The process of purifying water by adding a chemical such as chlorine in the correct quantity Sedimentation: A treatment process involving the settlement of particles inside the water during storage Aeration: A treatment process to remove excess iron or manganese Communal water point: A water point shared by several households Control valves: Control valves in control boxes are essential to help a community actively manage, operate and maintain a piped water distribution system Water supply emergency response kit: A pre-prepared kit with water pumps, water storage bladders, chlorine and other items necessary to provide large quantities of drinking water Emergency sanitation kits: As with the water kits providing latrine building materials.

20

WATER AND SANITATION SECTOR REFERENCE DOCUMENT

Individual Organization Information

21

AFAP INGO Details:

Australian Foundation for the Peoples of Asia and the Pacific House 17, Alley 71, Lang Ha Street, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 8562421 04 5143539

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Le Thi Minh Khai Country Director [email protected] 1

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1989 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 100,000 Main donors: AusAID, EC, DfID Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 4,000 6,000 7,500 Households 800 1,200 1,750 Villages 54 54 54 Schools 0 0 0 Health Centres 5 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Key National Partners: District People's Committee Overall Program Information Program Name: Integrated Community Development Water and Sanitation Goals: Improve health in relation to water supply and sanitation. Age of Program: 9 year(s)

22

AFAP Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: A. Raise food security and incomes through improved techniques and diversification of agriculture activities. B. Improve the degree of nutritional and hygiene-related health. Project Description: Construction of water supply facilities: This activity will focus on the construction of three types of water supply facilities. These facilities will improve access to potable water for 625 households. Type one will benefit the 466 households that currently access unprotected upland water sources. A protective covering and a filter will be constructed at the upland source. Water will be transported through a network of galvanized iron pipes to newly constructed communal village tanks. Types two and three will benefit 159 households that access an unprotected dug well water source within the village or an unprotected water source in lowland areas. Sealed dug wells will be constructed to shield the water source from potential contamination. Beneficiaries will contribute local materials such as sandstone and gravel, as well as labour in preparing construction sites. Smaller construction works (wells servicing < 10 households) will be undertaken by a village construction technician, while a local contractor will perform larger activities. Training in construction, monitoring, and maintenance of water supply facilities: Three DARD, five CPC members and 52 village leaders will receive training on construction supervision, maintenance and management of water supply facilities from the construction consultant. Village construction technicians selected to construct the smaller water supply facilities will receive two days training from the consultant in construction and maintenance techniques. With initial guidance from the consultant, and monitoring by the village leaders, the technicians will then construct the facilities. The larger construction work to be undertaken by local contractors will be monitored by CPC and DARD staff. CPC and village leaders will then provide training to the 625 beneficiary households in the use and maintenance of water supply facilities. Under the coordination of the village leaders, beneficiaries will assume responsibility for ongoing care and maintenance of the facilities. Training in nutrition and sanitation: A member of each of the 1,411 households in the five communes will each receive six days of health training. This training will be undertaken by the District and Commune Health Workers (DHWs, CHWs). It will focus on increasing community knowledge and changing behaviours that relate to nutrition and hygiene practices. A baseline knowledge, attitude, and practice survey will identify priority topics within these fields. The survey will also allow the collection of baseline monitoring data. Training will be provided through a diverse range of methods including workshops, community campaigns, information and education materials, and quiz nights. A network of village collaborators consisting of formal village-based health outreach workers and village-based WU cadre will undertake regular household visits to reinforce health messages and monitor household implementation of health practices. 23

AFD INGO Details:

Agence Française de Développement (French Development Agency) 48A Tran Phu, Ba Dinh, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 8236764 04 8236396

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Francis Frey Senior Programme Officer

[email protected], [email protected]

1 part-time

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1994 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 0 Main donors: Key National Partners: District People's Committee, Urban Environmental Companies, Water Supply Company Overall Program Information Program Name: Rural Infrastructure sector project (AFD : Euros 14.5 million, cofinancing with ADB) Three provincial towns water supply and sanitation project (AFD : Euros 12.4 million, cofinancing with ADB) Central region urban environmental improvement project (AFD : Euros 30 million, cofinancing with ADB) Water and Sanitation Goals: Improve water supply and sanitation systems Age of Program: 3 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: - Upgrade/Expand water distribution networks - Rehabilitation and cleaning of existing drains and construction of secondary and tertiary drains - Community environmental sanitation - Implementation assistance and capacity building.

24

AUSAID Donor Details:

Australian Agency for International Development 8 Dao Tan, Ba Dinh, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 8317754 04 8317706

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Mr. Nguyen Van Thuan Senior Program Officer [email protected]gov.au 4

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1996 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 0 Main donors: Publications: Ex-post Evaluation: Vietnam Provincial Water Supplies Project - June 2003 Safe Water Guide for the Australian Aid Program 2005 Key National Partners: Provincial People's Committee

25

AUSAID Overall Program Information Program Name: Direct Budget Support to RWSS National Target Program 2 Water and Sanitation Goals: Working within Vietnam's systems to improve achievement of NTP objectives and capacity to implement NTP Age of Program: 10 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: To support the project provinces to increase RWSS coverage in line with RWSS Strategy Project Description: Cuu Long Delta Water Supply and Sanitation Project provides WS & S access for 400,000 rural households. Three Delta Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Project to provide WS & S access to 282,000 urban and peri-urban residents in the Mekong delta. Direct Budget support to the NTP2 (2006-2010) with the view to adding budget to GoV budget and TA as NTP is implemented in 64 provinces.

26

BORDA INGO Details:

Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association La Thanh Hotel, J Block, 218 Doi Can.. Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 7629580 04 7629579

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Lutz Rainer Meyer Regional Director [email protected] 2

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2001 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 0 Main donors: German Government Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Beneficiaries 15,000 Households 3,000 Villages 150 Schools 5 Health Centres 3 Hospitals 0 Laboratory 0 Towns 0

Publications: 1. Water for Life 2. Various brochures on Water and Sanitation Key National Partners: Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Department of Science and Technology, District People's Committee, Provincial People's Committee Overall Program Information Program Name: Poverty alleviation through demand-oriented dissemination of environment-friendly technologies Water and Sanitation Goals: Facilitating Basic Needs Services Age of Program: 5 year(s) Additional Technologies Practiced: Water Turbine Pump, Hydro Power, DEWATS, Hydraulic Ram

27

BP INGO Details:

Biogas Programme for the Animal Husbandry Sector (As Part of MARD in Collaboration With SNV) R. 104 2G Bldg., Van Phuc Dipl. Compound, 298 Kim Ma, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 7261771 04 7261773

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Ms. Huong, Mr. Augustijn Project Coordinator/Chief Technical Advisor

[email protected], [email protected]

12

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2003 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 2,500,000 Main donors: DGIS Netherlands, SNV Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 0 25,000 0 Households 0 5,000 0 Villages 0 0 0 Schools 0 0 0 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: www.biogas.org.vn Key National Partners: Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, District People's Committee, MARD, Provincial People's Committee Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Improve the livelihoods and quality of life of rural farmers in Vietnam through exploiting the market and non-market benefits of domestic biogas. Project Description: 50 % of our clients have their latrines attached to the biogas digester, improving their water and sanitation situation.

28

CANADA Donor Details:

The Canada Fund for Local Initiatives in Vietnam 12th Floor, Hanoi Tower, 49 Hai Ba Trung Street, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 9348414 04 9348395

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Nguyen Thi Thanh Huong Coordinator [email protected] 0

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1991 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 60,000 Overall Program Information Water and Sanitation Goals: The CF objectives are to improve the quality of life of disadvantaged groups; and to strengthen capacity of local groups participating in poverty reduction in Vietnam. Water and Sanitation is one of the sectors that are eligible to funding from the Canada Fund.

29

CARE INGO Details:

Care International in Vietnam 25 Hang Bun Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 7161930 04 7161935

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Simon Eccleshall Assistant to Country Director/Programs [email protected] 14

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2004 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 200,000 Main donors: ADB, AusAID, CARE Australia, Australian Private Donors, CARE Denmark, Danish Private Foundations, CARE USA, US Private Foundations, DANIDA, DIPECHO, Water For People Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 10,000 3,350 9,200 Households 2,000 70 506 Villages 0 0 0 Schools 5 7 16 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Key National Partners: pCERWASS, District People's Committee, DARD, MARD, DoE, Farmer's Union, Women's Union

30

CARE Overall Program Information Program Name: National Target Program, National Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Strategy Water and Sanitation Goals: Improved health through increased access to clean water and sanitation by improved pro-poor and gender-equitable water and sanitation infrastructure, services and practices Age of Program: 16 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Project Description: Participatory Community Development Program in An Giang and Soc Trang (VNM151) Options and Ownership: Watsan for Rural Poor in the Mekong Delta (VNM141) Clean Water for School in Ca Mau (VNM149) Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation for Students (VNM146) Getting Prepared: Enhancing Community-Based Disaster Preparedness and coping capacity in vulnerable communities of Binh Dinh Province (VNM155) Development of Pro-Poor Rural Water Interventions in Collaboration with CARE International Vietnam (VNM148) Poverty Reduction in Red River Basin Irrigation Systems (VNM156) CARE Emergency Response to Typhoon Damrey (VNM165)

31

CARSWI INGO Details:

Caritas Switzerland Room 120, Khach San La Thanh, 218 Doi Can, Ba Dinh, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 8325493 04 7626277

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Vuong Dinh Giap Programme Coordinator [email protected] 0

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2003 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 10,000 Main donors: Caritas Switzerland, Caritas Norway, Caritas Luxembourg Key Local Partners: Local Commune Health Station (Ha Tay), District Economics Department (Ha Giang) Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 0 0 0 Households 0 0 0 Villages 13 0 13 Schools 0 0 0 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Overall Program Information: Program Name: Raising Public Health Awareness Water and Sanitation Goals: Increase the awareness of the community on issues of public health. Age of Program: 2 years

32

CESVI INGO Details:

Cooperazione e Sviluppo 26, Alley 1, Au Co Street, Tay Ho District, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 8294520 04 8294520

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Andrea Tamburini Project Coordinator & Representative [email protected] 1

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2003 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 14,000 Main donors: Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 0 0 0 Households 0 212 0 Villages 0 0 0 Schools 0 0 0 Health Centres 0 14 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: Key National Partners: Commune Health Stations, District Health Department

33

CESVI Overall Program Information Program Name: Integrated interventions to reduce child malnutrition in 5 suburban Districts of Hanoi Water and Sanitation Goals: To improve the health of the children Age of Program: 3 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: - To improve the sanitation conditions of the community - To raise community awareness in the improvement of sanitation conditions and environment - To provide an example for the community to follow Project Description: Target: For private latrines: - Poor families with children under 5 years and pregnant women - Village Health Workers and Collaborators - One person from each Commune Health Station For public latrines: Construction of new latrines or upgrading and repair of public latrines in Commune Health Stations. Location: 25 Communes in Soc Son District in a period of three years. Methodology: Information campaigns are organized in each Commune. Households receive information material for the construction, use and maintenance of common latrines (double-vault, septic and semi-septic latrines) as well as information on hygiene. Interested beneficiaries can apply for a fund from the project (500,000 VND for doublevault latrines and 1,000,000 VND for septic and semi-septic latrines). Households organize the construction work themselves (mainly through local builders or relatives). District Preventive Medicine Centre is supposed to monitor and provide technical assistance to the family through the staff at Commune level. For the second year, the project intends to provide specific training to sanitation practitioners (builders and health workers) to increase the awareness on environmental risks connected to improper standards of construction. CESVI

34

First year result: - 14 public latrines upgraded and/or constructed - 212 private latrines (109 double vault, 52 semi-septic and 51 septic) Strong points: - High participation of households in meetings organized by the project. The project supports many community-based activities related with different issues like health, nutrition, productive activities and hygiene. - Households are motivated to construct latrines and bathrooms to improve their sanitation conditions. - The majority of households can organize the work by themselves and purchase the necessary materials and equipment. Many builders involved in construction work in Hanoi are living in Soc Son District Weak points: - Local people have a general knowledge and understanding of latrines but they have gaps in the awareness of appropriate sanitation standards. - The information material produced by the District Health Department for the first year is too vague and is overlooking important issues related directly with environmental hygiene. - Many households in the area are willing to construct septic and semi-septic latrines. However, the de-sludging problem is not sufficiently addressed by the local authority and few households seem to be aware of that.

35

CHF INGO Details:

CHF-Partners in Rural Development Room 201, Block B1, Van Phuc Compound, Kim Ma, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 7261709 04 7261709

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Mike Lord Technical Coordinator [email protected] 1

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1994 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 20,000 Main donors: CIDA Key National Partners: District People's Committee Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Sustainable Livelihoods for Community Development in Quy Chau district, including Clean Water Systems at village level. Project Description: Three villages in Quy Chau district, in addition to food security concerns, income generating activities, and small scale village infrastructure.

36

CHILDFUND INGO Details:

Childfund Vietnam No.102-103, Block 2G Van Phuc Compound, Kim Ma Street, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 7261141 04 7261140

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: [email protected] No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Tran Thi Kieu Hanh Water & Sanitation Program Manager [email protected]; 3

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1997 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 200,000 Main donors: AusAid and world-wide child sponsors Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 0 0 0 Households 0 900 6,000 Villages 3 98 98 Schools 20 20 11 Health Centres 1 1 10 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: 1. Annual reports to AusAid 2. Annual reports to CCF Australia 3. Experiences from developing 800 Ecosan toilets. Author Tran Thi Kieu Hanh, CCF Australia. 4. www.vnecosan.org Key National Partners: District People's Committee

37

CHILDFUND Overall Program Information Program Name: Improve water and sanitation in the communes of two provinces of Hoa Binh and Bac Kan Water and Sanitation Goals: Contribute to improve community health environment through improvements of safe water and sanitation facilities, practices and management capacity in the communes. Age of Program: 5 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: A. To raise capacity within district, commune and hamlet to effectively manage and sustain improved water supply and sanitation systems B. To increase access to safe water through the construction of water systems (schools, hamlets, households) C. To improve waste management through the development and construction of locally appropriate facilities and practices (schools, hamlets, households) D .To increase awareness leading to behaviour change in relation to hygiene and water and sanitation usage through innovative school and community promotion activities. Project Description: Main activities: - Conduct training on primary technical construction for Water System Management Boards, commune working teams, village leaders for construction monitoring - Conduct training course on operation and maintenance (O&M) of Water Supply Systems for Water System Management Board - Construct water systems : gravity water system, wells and storage tanks at the community - Construct water and sanitation facilities at schools, health centers and commune People's Committee premises - Financial support for household latrine construction in the villages - Conduct IEC training courses on water, sanitation & hygiene for key staff, partners and health workers/volunteers - Develop IEC materials - Implement IEC activities at the community and at schools

38

CIDSE INGO Details:

Cooperation International pour le Developpement et la Solidarite 6, Alley 1, Le Van Huu Street, Ha Ba Trung District, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 9436678 04 9436449

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Nguyen Phuong Nga Project Coordinator [email protected] 0

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1999 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 230,000 Main donors: Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 1,300 3,600 3,600 Households 7,60 1,700 1,700 Villages 4 7 7 Schools 0 0 0 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Key National Partners: Commune People's Committee

39

CIDSE Overall Program Information Program Name: Safe Water and Communal Health for the Development in Dinh Lap and Tan Lang Water and Sanitation Goals: Supplying safe water to households as well as sanitation education to avoid diseases caused by water sources. Providing health knowledge and methods to keep water and the environment safe. Preventing diseases related to polluted water sources. Age of Program: 3 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Supplying safe water to 7 communities: 4 hamlets in Dinh Lap district, Lang Son province and 3 hamlets in Tan Lang commune, Luong Tai district, Bac Ninh province Project Description: The project goal is to design safe water distribution system for communes at villages. In Dinh Lap, storage tanks were built and households get water from spring protection through dam and pipe systems to each household. In Tan Lang, one pumped water filter system was built with a pipe distribution system with the aim of supplying water to 3 villages with 1,700 households. Waste water drainage, solid waste and waste collecting truck are also provided. Setting up clinics at villages and supporting skills improvement as well as necessary equipment to meet the demand for clean environment management and safe water and for preventing diseases caused by water pollution

40

CPI INGO Details:

Counterpart International 5, Alley 40, Xuan Dieu Street, Hanoi

Telephone: Personnel Details: Email Address:

04 7199690

[email protected] 2004 US Department of Agriculture, MoH, DoLISA

Start of Activities in Vietnam: Main donors:

Publications: For the Health of Mothers and Children Survey Overall Program Information Program Name: Sanitation activity is a small part of larger grant that focuses on agricultural production and food security Age of Program: 2 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: "For the Health of Mothers and Children Project", conducted a baseline survey in target communes on community health practices and issues related to environmental and individual sanitation. Project Description: The survey showed that only 3% of households surveyed had access to clean water supplies, meaning from treated water or clean water wells. The survey also proved that it was contaminated water which was the cause of child diarrhoea, for instance, clean water was believed to help decrease the rate of child diarrhoea by15% - 20%, or just hand-wash in key moments could help reduce 30% of diarrhoea cases. Clean water is a primary condition to ensure the health of a community. Water shortage or water contaminated with micro-organism was also proven to be closely related to diarrhoea cases. In a bid to help improve household water for target communities, the project in coordination with the provincial Centre for Disease Prevention conducted a survey to assess and analyze household water quality in several communes. Survey findings are expected to help find appropriate solutions and interventions so that local people would have adequate clean household waters for their daily life.

41

CWS INGO Details:

Church World Service La Thanh Hotel, 218 Doi Can, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 8328569 04 8328629

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Joanne Fairley Representative [email protected] 1

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1954 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 517,000 Main donors: US Department of Agriculture Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 660,000 84,000 84,000 Households 0 0 0 Villages 0 0 0 Schools 167 167 167 Health Centres 36 0 0 Hospitals 1 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: Water and Environmental Sanitation in Schools, UNICEF, CWS, PLAN, CERWASS 2004 Key National Partners: District People's Committee, Provincial People's Committee

42

CWS Overall Program Information Program Name: -Public Health in Long An -Water Supply and Sanitation in Ba Vi District -Ethnic Education in Thai Nguyen (watsan is on third of this project) -Integrated Development in Muong Te District (watsan is one third of this project) Water and Sanitation Goals: -Decrease incidence of water related diseases among students -Increase knowledge and practice of key hygiene behaviors Age of Program: 4 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Description: Public Health in Long An: Provide filtered water to 36 commune health clinics and surrounding households. Provide construction monitoring, O&M, and water user group training. -Water Supply and Sanitation in Ba Vi District: Provide clean water and hygienic latrines to 35 kindergartens and primary schools. Provide construction monitoring, and O&M training to school administrators. -Ethnic Education in Thai Nguyen: Provide clean water and hygienic latrines to 25 kindergartens and primary schools. Provide construction monitoring, and O&M training to school administrators. -Integrated Development in Muong Te District: Provide clean water and hygienic latrines to schools, health centers, and villagers in 2 communes. Provide construction monitoring, O&M and water user group training to institutions and villages. Additional Technologies Practiced: Household sanitation structure: Double-vault latrine (ecological latrine)

43

DANIDA Donor Details:

Embassy of Denmark 19 Dien Bien Phu Street, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 8231888 04 8231999

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Torben Nilsson Counsellor (Development) [email protected] 90

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2001 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 12,000,000 Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 176,031 360,949 283,285 Households 13,511 60,806 0 Villages 744 744 744 Schools 199 199 199 Health Centres 96 96 96 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 1 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: -A number of review and evaluation reports -Large amount of IEC materials -Technical guidelines -Legislation (supported by WaterSPS). Key National Partners: pCERWASS, District People's Committee, Provincial People's Committee, Urban Environmental Companies (URENCO)

44

DANIDA Overall Program Information Program Name: Danida Water Sector Program Support Water and Sanitation Goals: Improved living conditions for the people of Vietnam by better access to water-related services, particularly for the poor and otherwise disadvantaged groups of society. Age of Program: 5 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Component 2: Rural Water Supply and Sanitation: Improved living conditions for people in rural areas within the geographical focus area of Danish assistance by a demand responsive support to improved domestic water supply and sanitation provided in a socially and financial sustainable manner. Component 4: Urban Water Supply and Sanitation: Improved living conditions in urban areas of Halong, Dalat and Buon Ma Thuot Cities by an increased service level within water supply and sanitation provided in an environmentally, socially and financially sustainable manner affordable to the poor. Project Description: Rural Water Supply and Sanitation: -Village piped schemes -Individual household water supply schemes -Individual household latrines -School water supply and sanitation facilities -Health centre water supply and sanitation facilities -IEC activities carried out in all villages, schools and health centres -Same type of RWSS activities in 2005, but done more efficiently due to increased capacity Urban Water Supply and Sanitation: -Piped water supply in 3 cities -Sewerage and wastewater treatment in 3 cities -Drainage and stormwater canals -Three sanitary landfills -All urban water supply facilities completed before 2005

45

EAST INGO Details:

Eau Agriculture et Santé en Milieu Tropical 51 Ngo Gieng, Pho Dong Cac, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 8510898 04 8510898

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Matthieu Rundstadler Coordinator [email protected] 3

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1994 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 70,000 Main donors: Water Union of Cities in the Paris Area, French Foreign Ministry, European Commission, French Water Agency Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 9,300 200 6,400 Households 2,150 50 1,500 Villages 11 0 11 Schools 1 1 1 Health Centres 1 1 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 1 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: Guide for Hygiene Education and Promotion in Schools Guide for Primary Healthcare Workers in Schools Key National Partners: District People's Committee, Provincial People's Committee

46

EAST Overall Program Information Program Name: Solidarity for Water Program Water and Sanitation Goals: - Reduce the diseases linked to water in rural areas - Support the authorities to adopt more consistent action plan to reduce water-related diseases - Develop a regional financial solidarity to help the poorest part of the population gain access to water and sanitation. Age of Program: 1 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Project Description: At the local/commune level the project objectives are : - Provide access to good-quality water easier for households, schools and healthcare centers, through the implementation of piped water supply systems - Create an efficient organisation to manage water supplies - Support household sanitation improvement - Making sanitation in primary school and healthcare centers safe - Achieve a change in hygiene behaviors, through an awareness program in schools as well as with households at provincial level, - Support the implementation of a drinking-water quality monitoring program - Support capacity building for operation and maintenance of water supply systems

47

EMW INGO Details:

East Meets West Foundation 32 Pasteur Street, Danang

Telephone: Fax:

05 11821990 05 11821850

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Mark Conroy Country Director [email protected] 5

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1995 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 250,000 Main donors: Rotary Clubs, Atlantic Philanthropies, Individuals, Local People's Committees Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 25,000 0 0 Households 6,000 0 0 Villages 15 0 0 Schools 30 0 0 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: www.eastmeetswest.org Key National Partners: District People's Committee

48

EMW Overall Program Information Program Name: Village Clean Drinking Water Systems Water and Sanitation Goals: To deliver as much clean water to as many people as possible with our budget amount of money each year. Age of Program: 10 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Provide clean water to people where there in no clean water nearby. Project Description: Wells are drilled, samples taken and approved, water is pumped to water tower where it is gravity fed to village distribution system and on through water meters to homes

49

GNI INGO Details:

Good Neighbors International Room 1105 Lang Quoc Te Thang Long, Dich Vong, Cau Giay, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 7545077 04 7545077

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Nguyen Van Huan Program Coordinator [email protected] 2

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2005 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 7,000 Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Beneficiaries Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Households Villages Schools Health Centres Hospitals Laboratory Towns

70

0

14

0

2

0

2

2

0

0

0

0

0

n/a

0

0

Key National Partners: District People's Committee

50

GNI Overall Program Information Program Name: Rural Development Water and Sanitation Goals: Poverty reduction and maintaining a clean environment. Age of Program: 3 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Build 4 latrines at 2 primary schools and 2 health centers Project Description: Water Supply - GNI started activities in October 2005 in Hoa Binh province, therefore there has not yet been much implementation work. However there are concrete plans for 2006. GNI will dig public wells in villages that lack potable water so that demand for water can be satisfied during the dry season. In the next few years GNI will examine natural water resources from mountains and streams for human use in the area. Sanitation ­ In 2006 GNI will build latrines for schools and health centers.

51

HELVETAS INGO Details:

Swiss Organization for International Development 298F (109-112 A2 Van Phuc Compound) Kim Ma, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 8431750 04 8431744

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff: Start of Activities in Vietnam:

Neil Walton Program Director [email protected] 1 2005

Publications: -Solar Water Micro-organism Disinfection (SODIS) - social and technical feasibility studies in Vietnam (English and Vietnamese) -Technical Guideline for Solar Water Micro-organism Disinfection (VN) Key National Partners: CERWASS, Provincial Preventive Medicine Center

52

HELVETAS Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: · To promote and disseminate the Solar Water Micro-organism Disinfection (SODIS) technique on a demand-driven basis targeting rural households in the Central-South coastal region, the Mekong Delta and other places, where access to clean water is expected to continue to be difficult for many years to come. · To establish a network for the institutional recognition and dissemination of SODIS nationwide through the water-related public health efforts (IEC campaigns, etc), with a view to spread and sustain the method wherever people permanently or temporarily face drinking water supply difficulties. · To improve household and personal hygiene practices through the increased awareness of using hygienic latrines, encouraging habits which contribute to the protection of water, and increasing awareness of the relationship between clean water and improved health. Project Description: The Solar Water Micro-organism Disinfection - SODIS - is a simple drinking water treatment at household level, using solar radiation and transparent plastic bottles. This treatment process of SODIS basically consists of 3 steps: Step 1: filling transparent plastic bottles completely with water Step 2: exposing the bottles to the sun for at least 6 hours Step 3: the water is ready for consumption The promotion and dissemination of SODIS in Vietnam will address the lack of access to potable water in very remote or difficult conditions, but also household hygiene practices. The beneficiaries are rural households in geographically difficult areas without access to potable water in the Central-South coastal region and Mekong Delta and other areas facing temporary or frequent clean water supply difficulties. The SODIS project timeframe is 5 years, including piloting, implementation from 4th Quarter 2004 to 30/6/2009. Phase 1 Technical and Social Feasibility Study is aimed to gather the necessary support of water and health authorities, undertake social and technical feasibility studies, demonstration tests and select sites. In the implementation phase, activities on technology transfer, personal and household hygiene awareness raising and IEC will be implemented in selected areas to promote and disseminate SODIS as an alternative household method to treat water wherever it is seen as appropriate and necessary.

53

IDE INGO Details:

International Development Enterprises Viet Nam 102 Linh Lang, Cong Vi, Ba Dinh, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 7664245 04 7664240

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Nguyen Van Quang Country Director [email protected] 7

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1982 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 183,882 Main donors: ICCO, DANIDA Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 0 56,310 189,000 Households 0 11,262 38,000 Villages 0 242 242 Schools 0 0 5 Health Centres 0 0 30 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: Harnessing market power for rural sanitation (WSP Field note Feb 2005) Appraisal and impact assessment of IDE Viet Nam Handpump Program (By Derrick Ikin (SDC) and Erich Baumann (HTN) August 2002 Key National Partners: District People's Committee

54

IDE Overall Program Information Program Name: Support to Small-Scale Private Sector Development Water and Sanitation Goals: Enable families in rural Thanh Hoa and Quang Nam to enjoy improved health through decreased rates of sanitation and hygiene-related illness Age of Program: 3.5 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Objective1: Increase percentage of households in the target areas that are regularly using good hygiene and sanitation practices Objective 2: Develop, implement, and evaluate a model strategy in a participatory way for stimulating demand for latrines and related personal hygiene and sanitation practices Objective 3: Increase the capacity of the local private sector to meet the increased demand for latrines. Project Description: The project is part of a program being undertaken by DANIDA in support of the RWSS National Strategy. The project has targeted 30 communes in 6 rural districts in the central coast of Vietnam and aims to improve livelihoods of approximately 54,000 families by increasing access among these targeted households to affordable sanitation facilities and improved sanitation practices. IDE's efforts have focused on building non-transactional components for the sanitation market in the targeted area such as research and development for appropriate sanitation technology, capacity building for the local small scale sanitation value chain, partnerships with local community leaders and the creation of a demand driven marketing framework (communication and promotion) to stimulate demand for household latrines and encourage adoption of hygienic practices (primarily handwashing).

55

ITI INGO Details:

International Trachoma Initiative 34/2/1 Nguyen Hong Street, Dong Da District, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 7735230 04 8356808

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Nguyen Phuong Mai Country Representative [email protected] 1

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2000 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 350,000 Main donors: ITI HQ Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 21,000 35,000 1,400,000 Households 0 0 400,000 Villages 0 0 3,000 Schools 30 30 350 Health Centres 5 0 314 Hospitals 0 0 11 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 7

Publications: -KAP reports (2001 and 2003) -Trachoma Epidemiological Survey (2001) Key National Partners: Ministry of Health, National Institute of Ophthalmology

56

ITI Overall Program Information Program Name: Trachoma Prevention Water and Sanitation Goals: Objective:10% and 5 % increase in water and sanitation coverage Age of Program: 2 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Description: -Water and Sanitation is reflected as F (Face washing) and E (Environmental change) components which are key parts of ITI's SAFE Strategy. While the S (Surgery) and A (Antibiotic) focus on treatment of the disease, the F and E are for disease prevention. Hygiene Education/IEC aiming at behavior change has been the core of ITI's water and sanitation activities. Intensive hygiene education campaigns have been organized in all schools and communities in the program areas, which are complemented by direct communication (home visits, group meetings, class lessons etc.). IEC materials of different designs developed, printed and distributed to almost every household, village and commune. - ITI follows the principle of "software oriented" rather than the hardware support. Through IEC activities, families are motivated to build their own Water and Sanitation facilities at their own costs. The only exception is the construction of Water and Sanitation facilities at schools where ITI covers part of the construction cost (cost sharing). -Since 2004 ITI's strategy has been changed from direct intervention to the advocacy, research, planning, monitoring and evaluation. Their focus is on government partners who will be able to integrate trachoma control activities into other existing Water and Sanitation activities.

57

MEDRIX INGO Details:

Medical. Education. Development of Resources. International Exchange 63 Ly Thai To Street, Office 2F/01, Hanoi

Telephone:

04 9349277

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Robert Catherman Director of Safe Water Development [email protected] 0

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2000 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 20,000 Main donors: Individuals, Community Service Groups Key National Partners: pCERWASS, College of Environmental Science (Hue), Hanoi University of Civil Engineering, Health Service of Thua Thien Hue Province Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: 1. Conduct field testing of point-of-use ultraviolet water treatment system 2. Provide water supply and latrine facilities for 3 health centers

58

NAV INGO Details:

Nordic Assistance to Vietnam 14 Hai Ba Trung Street, Hue city

Telephone: Fax:

054 8321-66 054 822613

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Resident Representative [email protected] 1

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1994 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 35,258 Main donors: NORAD Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 84 2,364 1,026 Households 21 525 556 Villages 1 9 11 Schools 0 0 0 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: -NAV Evaluation Report -The Integrated Rural Development Program 1994-2004, TT Hue province Key National Partners: Commune Board of Management, Mass Organisations and Support Services from Province to District Level Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Target communities have increased access to clean water, water for food production and sanitation facilities, and their awareness and practice on hygiene and sanitation is improved. Project Description: Support access to fresh water and sanitation facilities. Integrate hygiene and sanitation awareness. Activities in 2005: Conduct action based education focusing on hygiene and sanitation, raise awareness of people on water usage and sanitation through trainings and workshops; and facilitate the practice of hygiene and sanitation by partly providing wells, latrines, water pumping and biogas system. NMA

59

INGO Details:

Telephone: Fax:

Norwegian Mission Alliance 26 Ngô Vn Nm, District 1, HCMC

08 8292364 08 8277687

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Nguyen Thi Hai Senior Project Coordinator [email protected]; [email protected] 0

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2002 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 33,000 Main donors: NORAD Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 1,040 0 0 Households 381 12 1,000 Villages 8 1 8 Schools 4 6 2 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Key National Partners: Department of Education and Training, District People's Committee, Provincial People's Committee

60

NMA Overall Program Information Program Name: Community development (CD) projects Water and Sanitation Goals: -Improving living conditions of poor rural population -Increasing access to clean water and reducing water related diseases among the rural poor. - Promotion of school sanitation and sanitation behaviors Age of Program: 3 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: 1. TG CD project : - Promotion of learning environment - Promotion of school sanitation and sanitation behaviors 2. Vinh Long CD project -To improve transportation conditions and enhance community participation - Promotion of clean water use 3. An Phuoc water supply project - Reduce water-related diseases in rural poor communities, - Rural population access to clean water Project Description: 1. Tien Giang CD project: building water tower in school, upgrading school and playground, building toilets, sanitation education Year 2005 activities: expansion of water system for 175 households, building 4 school toilets, campaigns on school sanitation 2. An Phuoc water supply project: building water tower and pipeline system, clean water and sanitation education and training Year 2005 activities: expansion of water system to 100 households, clean water Information & Education to 4 villages (711 households) and capacity building to water supply staff 3. Tra On CD project: providing water jar to rural poor for safe water use Year 2005 activities: providing 210 water jars to 3 villages and supporting 12 households for building latrines, and building 5,100 meters of flagstone road in 2 communes

61

OXFAM GB INGO Details:

Oxfam Great Britain 16 Mai Hac De, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax: Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

04 9454362 04 9454365

Provash Chandra Mondal Humanitarian Programme Coordinator [email protected] 4

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1986 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 0 Main donors: ECHO Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 2,700 2,700 2,700 Households 500 500 500 Villages 2 2 2 Schools 2 2 2 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: -30 WEDC International Conference. Title "User-Managed Public Health Promotion Initiative in Mekong Delta of Vietnam" -Documentary film: Public Health Promotion in Flood Resettlement Clusters Key National Partners: District People's Committee, Red Cross

62

OXFAM GB Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Provide safe drinking water and improved public health practices among the drought and typhoon affected women, men and children of Ninh Thuan and Nam Dinh provinces. Project Description: In Ninh Thuan Oxfam is implementing a drought response project. Along with other components we are installing new open wells and rehabilitating old open wells. We provided ToT training for health workers and training courses for the Village health volunteers. They provide public health knowledge using IEC materials and Oxfam supports with household filters and water containers In Nam Dinh province, we have tested water from 100 tubewells of typhoon affected communes. According to test results communes are helping the communities to treat water. We provided training to the village health volunteers and developed IEC materials. The volunteers are organising meetings, home visits and group discussions for disseminating public health messages. We are also providing few bathrooms following SPHERE standards. Additional Technologies Practiced: Provide Hygiene Kits to women during emergency response and following SPHERE standards for managing Watsan and public promotion.

63

OXFAM HK INGO Details:

Oxfam Hong Kong in Vietnam and Laos Floor 5, 16 Mai Hac De, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 9454406/7/8 04 9454405

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff: Start of Activities in Vietnam:

Beneficiaries 7,732 1,782 14,682 Households 1,059 297 3,302

John Marsh Representative [email protected] 0 1988

Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Villages 22 7 47 Schools 6 0 0 Health Centres 1 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: 1. Watsan & hygiene behaviour change review and strategy development 2. Water supply projects - Evaluation of OHK's approach 3. Report on the development of a pilot sanitation training program 4. www.oxfam.org.hk

64

OXFAM HK Overall Program Information Program Name: Community Development Programme Water and Sanitation Goals: An increased number of poor people, especially women and girls of ethnic minorities, will suffer less from waterborne illnesses through better quality drinking water supply and sanitation. Age of Program: 2 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: The water and sanitation component of this program aims to: 1) provide training on sanitation and hygiene for villagers, especially women and girls in order to promote hygienic practices (using toilet, washing hands before meals, etc); 2) enable people to practice their knowledge on sanitation derived from training through providing the gravity flow systems of clean water, wells and public bathrooms for households in project areas. A new model of low cost latrine will be trialed under an action-research proposal being developed with IDE and experimented (in an area yet to be chosen, but potentially in Huong Hiep commune) either in Nghe An, Ha Tinh or Quang Tri).

65

PLAN INGO Details:

Plan in Vietnam Plan in Vietnam, 10th Floor Capital Building, 72 Tran Hung Dao, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 8220661 Ext.35 04 8223004

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

John Collett Water and Sanitation Advisor [email protected] 5

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1994 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 500,000 Main donors: AusAID and child sponsorship Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 16,500 * 11,400 * 251,000 * Households 3,300 2,280 50,200 Villages 425 395 450 Schools 40 58 25 Health Centres 5 10 7 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

* signifies this number does not include the beneficiaries at schools and health centres Publications: 1) Water and Environmental Sanitation in Schools, UNICEF, CWS, PLAN, CERWASS 2004 2) Plan in Vietnam Annual Reports 3) www.plan-international.org Key National Partners: CERWASS, Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Department of Health, District People's Committee, Provincial People's Committee, Vietnam Women's Union

66

PLAN Overall Program Information Program Name: Water and Environmental Sanitation (WES) Program Water and Sanitation Goals: Children can realise and exercise their right to live in a healthy environment, with access to sustainable quality and quantity of water and sanitation services, and practice good hygiene behaviour. Age of Program: 11 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Increase the percentage of families in Plan-supported communities who adopt good hygiene practices from 15% to 40% by June 2010 Increase the percentage of families in Plan-supported communities that dispose of excreta in a sanitary manner from 30% to 60% by June 2010 Increase the percentage of families in Plan-supported communities with sufficient potable water all year round from 70% to 85% by June 2010 Establish healthy and child-friendly learning environments in 100% of Plan-supported schools by June 2010 Project Description: Water and environmental sanitation (WES) forms an integral part of four other Plan Vietnam programs: Child-Centered Community Health, Quality Basic Education, Early Childhood Care & Development, and Sustainable Livelihoods. Using a child-centered community development approach, poor communes and villages are helped to identify and prioritize key issues affecting children and to make and implement plans for addressing these issues. Typical examples of WES projects include: support to commune health stations, pre-schools, primary schools and secondary schools to construct and maintain child-friendly toilets, hand-washing facilities, drinking water and waste disposal systems; and support to poor households for improving their domestic water, sanitation and hygiene situation. Good personal and environmental hygiene behaviour is promoted through activities at schools, village health clubs, agricultural extension clubs, children's and youth groups. Also, support is provided for capacity-building for project partners and other key stakeholders for the effective development of WES services.

67

PSBI INGO Details:

Pearl S. Buck International Room 403, Van Phuc Building, 2 Nui Truc Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 8465401 04 8465402

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Pham Minh Hang Country Director [email protected]; [email protected] 0

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2003 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 12,020 Main donors: Australian Business Group in Vietnam Key National Partners: PSBI Home Office, District People's Committee, Binh Luc Orphanage, Nguyen Viet Xuan Orphanage

68

PSI INGO Details:

Population Services International Office 903, Giang Vo Lake View Building, D10 Giang Vo, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 7723620 04 7723623

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Chris Jones Country Representative [email protected] 4

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2005 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 85,000 Main donors: Population Services International Core Funds Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 50,000 0 100,000 Households 12,500 0 0 Villages 0 0 0 Schools 0 0 0 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: 2005 Tracking Study of Water Use Knowledge, Attitudes Practices in Mekong River Delta Region for PSI's Safe Water Project in High-Risk Communities Key National Partners: Department of Preventive Diseases, Provincial Women's Union

69

PSI Overall Program Information Program Name: Social Marketing for point of use Safe Water System in Vietnam Water and Sanitation Goals: Reduced morbidity and burden of water-borne diseases amongst children under 5 due to diarrhoeal disease Age of Program: 1 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: -To increase use of household water disinfection and key hygiene practices among selected low-income communities of Vietnam. Intervention will focus on increasing the following safe water use behaviors: - Water treatment: Maximize Safe Water System distribution to sales outlets within project area to ensure availability and achievement of established sales targets - Safe water storage: Increase target group's understanding of proper water storage containers and storing techniques - Safe water use: Increase target group's knowledge and use of Safe Water System (SWS) as a safe, effective and affordable water treatment method Project Description: PSI/Vietnam is social marketing SafWat, a branded safe water solution in the Mekong River Delta region of Vietnam, based on the urgent need for safe drinking water. The pilot program will combine social marketing of SafWat, a 150 ml bottle of 1.25% dilute sodium hypochlorite solution with a hygiene improvement campaign. Each bottle, which will be priced at approximately 4,000 VND, will treat enough water to protect a family of four for 5-6 weeks. SafWat, including the solution and bottles, will be locally produced in Vietnam, leading to in-country revenue and job opportunities. The system will be distributed and promoted as a home-based water disinfection solution, supported by a communications campaign to encourage improved personal sanitation and hygiene, including behavior such as safe water storage and regular hand washing.

70

SPIR INGO Details:

Samaritan's Purse Vietnam 17T1 Trung Hòa - Nhân Chính, Suite 704, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 2510448 04 2510576

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

David Chang Director [email protected] 2

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1998 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 20,000 Main donors: Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), Private Donors Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 6,063 0 6,063 Households 2,770 0 2,770 Villages 24 0 24 Schools 12 0 12 Health Centres 0 1 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a 0 Towns 0 0 0

Key National Partners: PACCOM, Foreign Affairs of Ha Nam, National Fund for Vietnamese Children

71

SPIR Overall Program Information Program Name: BioSand Water Filter Program Water and Sanitation Goals: To improve drinking water quality for rural people in Ha Nam province through education and providing household BioSand water filters Age of Program: 8 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Work with rural communities in Ha Nam province to improve health provide education and support for BioSand water filter projects Project Description: BioSand Filter Project - Consult with provincial, district, and commune officials to assess community needs for drinking water - Work in selected rural communes for approximately 6 months - Train local staff to manage construction, education, installation, and follow-up for BioSand water filters - Beneficiaries construct their BioSand water filter under supervision and attend small group lessons on health and hygiene and filter use and maintenance - Filter users are visited after installation to ensure recipients understand how to use filter Emergency Water Treatment Supply emergency water purification sachets (PuRTM) and containers to disaster victims. Following Typhoon Damrey, PuRTM sachets were distributed in Nam Dinh and Quang Tri provinces, accompanied by instruction cards and instructional demonstrations.

72

UCODEP INGO Details:

Unity and Cooperation for the Development of People 66D - To Ngoc Van street, Tay Ho, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 7199627 04 7199627

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Le Van Thanh Health Project Officer [email protected] 1

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 2003 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 120,000 Main donors: European Commission Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 0 6,000 0 Households 0 1,510 2,300 Villages 0 76 0 Schools 0 20 7 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Key National Partners: District People's Committee, Provincial People's Committee

73

UCODEP Overall Program Information Program Name: Integrated Community Based-Development Strategy in Phu Tho Province Water and Sanitation Goals: To improve hygiene conditions of the rural population Age of Program: 4 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: - To improve hygiene conditions and nutrition of rural population - To increase quantity and improve the quality of local high-value agricultural products both for private consumption as well as for income generation - To enhance the capacities of local agencies and communities to plan and manage local development projects Project Description: The CWSS is a component of the project. The aim is the improvement of local hygiene. This improvement is done through training, information campaign, technical assistance and implementation of small infrastructure projects at family and community level (schools).

74

WB ­ Handwashing Initiative Donor Details:

World Bank ­ Vietnam National Handwashing Initiative 63 Ly Thai To

Telephone: Fax:

04 9346600 ext. 390 04 9346597

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff: Start of Activities in Vietnam: Main donors:

Nga Kim Nguyen Coordinator - National Handwashing Initiative [email protected] 1 2006 World Bank

Publications: www.globalhandwashing.org has a variety of documents on Handwashing Initiatives in other countries. Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Reduce morbidity and mortality among children under five through an integrated communications campaign promoting handwashing with soap to prevent diarrhoeal diseases. Additional Technologies Practiced: Mass Media outlets including possibly radio, TV, newspapers, etc.

75

WEF NGO Details:

Vietnam Fund For Safe Water & Environment 1 Nguyen Thuong Hien, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 9427396 04 9427396

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff: Start of Activities in Vietnam: Main donors:

Beneficiaries 0 0 Households 70 0

Minh Nguyen Secretary of WEF Vietnam [email protected] 2 2005 MARD and local government authorities

Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Villages 0 0 Schools 0 0 Health Centres 0 2 Hospitals 0 2 Laboratory 0 n/a Towns 0 0

Key National Partners: District People's Committee, Provincial People's Committee Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Description: Identification of poor areas with shortage of water. Participatory appraisal of community for maintenance of water stations. Building water treatment station and supply to households. Using domestic technology, researched and piloted by the Vietnam Academy for Science and Technology, water treatment system and water treatment material (DS.3) is produced in Vietnam with available resources. Looking for wider application of this technology to other areas with similar difficulties. Additional Technologies Practiced: Using DS.3 material (winner of VIFOTEC Prize) to treat Sulfate Acid Water.

76

WHO Donor Details:

World Health Organization in Vietnam 63 Tran Hung Dao Street, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 9433734/35 04 9433740

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff: Start of Activities in Vietnam: Main donors:

Beneficiaries 0 0 0 Households 4,000 0 0

Le Thi Bich Thuy Environmental Health Officer [email protected] 1 2005 Ausaid, UNICEF, Ministry of Health

Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Villages 4 0 0 Schools 0 0 0 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Publications: -WHO 3rd version of Drinking Water Quality Guideline -Clean Water Hygienic Standards and Hygienic Standards for Latrines MoH -Water Safety Plan -Drinking Water Standards Issued by MoH No. 1329/2002/QD-BYT Key National Partners: District People's Committee, Ministry of Health

77

WHO Overall Program Information Program Name: Accelerating effective water sanitation and hygiene management for health, with primary emphasis on the Asian Region Water and Sanitation Goals: The objectives of the project are to strengthen countries' capacities, develop guidance on good practice and normative guidelines, support water, sanitation and hygiene programmes in specific settings, and disseminate information Age of Program: 2 year(s) Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Overall To ensure the quality standards of environmental sanitation, drinking and clean water quality; prevent diseases related to water and sanitation in order to promote people's health. Project Description: - Building national capability in assessment, choosing priorities related to water, sanitation and health - Developing and disseminating the national and international standards, guidelines on drinking and clean water and sanitation -Piloting water quality management and sanitation programmes for nationwide application - Improving communities' awareness on water and sanitation. Detail activities: The Period of 2005 ­ 2006: 1. National workshops to introduce Water standards and WHO Guideline for Drinking Water Quality 2. Setting up of a model for community drinking water quality management system in selected villages 3. Set up a Water Safety Plan model in Hai Duong Water Supplying Company Period from May 2006 ­ May 2007 (in proposal, not yet approved) 1. Assessment of underground water quality in the Red River Delta 2. Improve the capability for managing water quality for health agencies 3. Development of Water Safety Plan pilot models in water supply companies 4. Improving the awareness of community and establishing information network on water and sanitation.

78

WVV INGO Details:

World Vision Vietnam 4th Floor, HEAC Building 14-16 Ham Long Street, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 9439920 04 9439921

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff: Start of Activities in Vietnam: Main donors:

Greg Kearns National Director of Programs [email protected] 25 1960-1975, 1990-Present WV Australia, WV US, WV Japan, WV Korea, WV Taiwan, WV Hong Kong, WV Singapore, WV Austria, WV Germany, WV UK, AusAID, USAID, ECHO.

Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 9,080 8,085 16,993 Households 2,556 3,045 1,794 Villages 60 60 60 Schools 36 60 19 Health Centres 3 3 3 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 N/A N/A Towns 0 0 0

Key National Partners: District People's Committee

79

WVV Overall Program Information Program Name: (1) Area Development Programs (ADPs): Water and sanitation is a part of ADP which is child-focused community development program with an integrated programming structure that has focuses on gender development, education, agriculture, health, HIV/AIDS, capacity building and economic development. (2)Sanitation and Kindergarten Improvement Project: The project funded by Samsung corporation aims to address problems caused by lack of clean water and poor sanitation in kindergartens in two districts of Hoa Vang and Tra My in Quang Nam province. (3)An Giang Water & Sanitation Improvement project: The project is funded by World Vision Australia from 2005 to 2008, targeting Chau Thanh district of An Giang province. Water and Sanitation Goals: (1) Area Development Programs Improved health of children and needy people in the program area. (2) Sanitation and Kindergarten Improvement Project: Improved health and education of up to 4,881 children under 5 years in Hoa Vang and Tra My Districts, Central Vietnam. (3)An Giang Water & Sanitation Improvement project: The project is funded by World Vision Australia, aiming to improving the health of the target beneficiaries through increased access, availability, and utilization of clean water and sanitation in 3 communes in Chau Thanh district by the end of June 2008 Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Description: (1) Area Development Programs: To provide improved water supply and sanitation to children and needy people in the program area (2) Sanitation and Kindergarten Improvement Project: Objective 1 - To provide improved water supply and sanitation to 3,600 children in Hoa Vang and Tra My Districts Objective 2 ­ To improve the facilities and Early Childhood Methodology (ECM) for up to 2,100 children in Hoa Vang and Tra My Districts Objective 3 ­ To effectively and professionally mange the project to optimize the benefit to target beneficiaries (3)An Giang Water & Sanitation Improvement project: Outcome 1 - Improved institutional capacity to sustain improvements in community managed Water & Sanitation services Outcome 2: Reduced incidence of water borne diseases in 3 target communes by June 2008

80

YWAM INGO Details:

Youth with a Mission No 19, Lane 68/53, Cau Giay Street, Hanoi

Telephone: Fax:

04 7670700 04 7670702

Personnel Details: Contact Person: Contact Position: Email Address: No of Water and Sanitation Staff:

Roslyn Jackson Country Director [email protected] 0

Start of Activities in Vietnam: 1998 Approximate 2005 Budget (US$): 7,606 Main donors: Switzerland, New Zealand Embassy Number of Physical Outputs for Most Recent Fiscal Year:

Potable Water Supplies Safe Sanitation Hygiene Education Beneficiaries 0 15,693 0 Households 0 3,183 0 Villages 0 0 0 Schools 0 0 0 Health Centres 0 0 0 Hospitals 0 0 0 Laboratory 0 n/a n/a Towns 0 0 0

Key National Partners: Commune People's Committee Specific Project Information for Most Recent Year: Project Objectives: Improve the environment by treating animal waste, collecting and treating household solid and liquid-wastes. Expand the biogas, household solid and liquid waste management model Project Description: These projects have three main activates (training, public announcement and construction of biogas models, solid-waste treatment station and liquid-waste treatment systems)

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