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1. ACADÉMIE ROYALE DES SCIENCES. The Philosophical History and Memoirs of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris: or, an abridgement of all the papers relating to natural philosophy, which have been publish'd by the members of that illustrious society... The whole translated and abridged, by John Martyn...and Ephraim Chambers. London: Printed for John and Paul Knapton...and John Nourse... 1742.

5 volumes, 8vo; vol. I: 2 leaves, pp. x, (11)­456, (16), and 17 folding engraved plates; vol. II: 1 leaf, pp. 407, (15), 10, and 6 plates; vol. III: 1 leaf, pp. 422, (16), and 6 plates; vol. IV: 1 leaf, pp. 410, (14), 11­26, and 6 plates; vol. V: 1 leaf, pp. 426, (14), and 10 plates. Contemporary speckled calf, short cracks at ends of most joints, heads of four spines worn, otherwise a nice set. Bookplate in each volume of [Sir] Arthur Elton (1906­1973), film producer and director, and collector of the history of industry. £1400 FIRST EDITION of the (abridged) English translation of the Histoire and Mémoires of the Académie Royale des Sciences from 1699 to 1720. It was only after the revival of the Académie in 1699 that it began regular publication of its transactions (publication of the pre-1699 papers was not completed until 1733 and they were never translated). John Martyn was responsible for producing some of the most important literary works of the Royal Society, including Sprat's History, Hooke's Micrographia, and the Philosophical Transactions. Chambers produced the first true general encyclopaedia (1728), and collaborated with Martyn on the official abridgement of the Philosophical Transactions. This copy has the imprint without the name of Francis Cogan (there is another issue that has his name).

2. ACCUM, Frederick. Traité Pratique sur l'usage et le mode d'application des Réactifs Chimiques fondé sur des expériences; suivi d'instructions, pour l'analyse, des mines métalliques, des métaux, des sols, des engrais, et des eaux minérales. Traduit de l'anglais, sur la seconde édition (de 1818); par Jn. Riffault. A Paris: Chez Méquignon-Marvis... 1819.

8vo, pp. xxxiii, 305, (1), 2 engraved plates. Half-title. Some light foxing. Contemporary tree sheep, spine ruled in gilt (head of spine slightly worn, one lower corner bumped). £500 FIRST EDITION IN FRENCH, translated by Jean René Riffault des Hêtres from the greatly enlarged second edition of A practical essay on chemical re-agents or tests, "an interesting early work describing approximately 60 reagents and chemical techniques, illustrated by over 180 experiments. Accum briefly traces the history of wet chemical analysis, with particular reference to the contributions of Boyle, Duclos, Bergman, Scheele, Kirwan, and Westrumb" (Neville I, p. 8, note to the first edition). Cole 8. Neville I, p. 10.

3. ADAMS, George. Lectures on Natural and Experimental Philosophy, considered in it's present state of improvement. Describing, in a familiar and easy manner, the principal phenomena of nature; and shewing, that they all co-operate in displaying the goodness, wisdom, and power of God. London: Printed by R. Hindmarsh...; Sold by the author, No. 60, Fleet-Street. 1794.

5 volumes, 8vo; vol. I: pp. xlviii, 548, engraved allegorical frontispiece; vol. II: pp. vii, 561, 1 leaf; vol. III: pp. vii, 579; vol. IV: pp. viii, 576; vol. V: pp. 43, (1), 39 folding engraved plates. Contemporary mottled calf, spines gilt with red lettering labels and green volume labels (tear without loss in one plate, joints of vol. 5 neatly repaired, small repairs to other joints and corners), a fine set. With the engraved armorial bookplate of Blagrove, and signature of Charles Campbell Blagrove, August 13th, 1799, at top of titles. £1850

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FIRST EDITION. The last work published by George Adams junior (1750­1795), who continued his father's business and the position of mathematical instrument maker to George III, and was also optician to the Prince of Wales. This is his largest work, the lectures being on air, sound, fire, fluids, optics (including telescopes and microscopes), mechanics, hydraulics, astronomy, electricity and magnetism, and meteorology. The fine suite of plates illustrates hundreds of instruments and experiments.

4. AGRICOLA, Georgius. De la generatione de le cose, che sotto la terra sono, e de le cause de' loro effeti e nature. Lib. V. De la natura di quelle cose, che da la terra scorrono. Lib. IIII. De la natura de le cose fossili, e che sotto la terra si cauano. Lib. X. De le minere antiche e moderne. Lib. II. Il Bermanno, o' de le cose metallice, dialogo, recato tutto hora dal Latino in buona lingua volgare. [Colophon:] In Vinegia [Venice]: per Michele Tramezzino. 1550.

Small 8vo, 28 (including the last blank), 467, (1) leaves. Woodcut device on title, repeated on the last leaf (verso blank), one full-page woodcut on f. 142, woodcut initials, text printed in italics throughout. Small tear in top of two prelims and L4, R1­3, and II5 occasionally affecting a letter or two, some very minor foxing. Contemporary limp vellum. Bookplate of the Scott Library of naval architecture. £4500 FIRST EDITION IN ITALIAN (and the first edition of any of Agricola's works in the vernacular) of what the DSB calls "the big foliant" published in 1546, containing most of Agricola's mineralogical and geological works to date. "The De le minere antiche e moderne is the first history of metals, and the Bermannus is Agricola's

first work on mining and mineralogy. There are references to alchemy and chemical tests throughout, and the book [De la natura di quelle cose, che da la terra scorrono] is the earliest modern scientific treatise on geology in which the action of water on the surface of the earth and volcanic action are considered" (Neville). The De la natura de le cose fossili (De natura fossilium) was the first systematic treatise on mineralogy, and the De la generatione de le cose, che sotto la terra sono (De ortu et causis subterraneorum) is considered the first work on physical geology.

Hoover catalogue 12 (and 14 for the original Latin edition). Neville I, p. 16. See Partington II, pp. 44­45 for a full account. See Horblit 2a and Stillwell, The awakening interest in science, 563­565 for the original edition. For the De la natura de le cose fossili, see Sinkankas 35­36.

5. ANDRY, [Nicolas]. Orthopædia: or, the art of correcting and preventing Deformities in Children: by such means, as may easily be put in practice by parents themselves, and all such as are employed in educating children. To which is added, a defence of the Orthopædia, by way of a supplement, by the author. London: Printed for A. Millar... 1743.

2 volumes, 12mo, pp. viii, 230, 10, engraved allegorical frontispiece and 13 engraved plates; vi, 310, (8), 1 engraved plate. Paper lightly browned and some light soiling. Modern quarter calf antique. £4500 FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH of the first book on orthopaedics (a term introduced by Andry), and the book which gave the speciality its name. Andry was the first to note the active participation of muscles in producing deformities of the skeletal system, and he therefore stressed the importance of exercise, correct posture, and sensible clothing in the treatment of deformities. He also employed mechanical aids. The book contains many basic observations on the pathological condition of the musculo-skeletal system which have become the principles of orthopaedic surgery. It is divided into four sections: a general anatomical survey of the structure of the body, the prevention and correction of deformities, the treatment of deformities in the extremities and head, and the treatment of voice defects. continued...

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See Grolier, 100 Books Famous in Medicine (exhibition catalogue), 42; Lilly, Notable Medical Books, 113; and Norman Catalogue 55 (first edition). Bick pp. 67­69: "...of supreme importance." Keith, Menders of the Maimed, pp. 191­192. Valentin, Geschichte der Orthopädie, pp. 53 and 190­192. This English edition is extremely rare, much more so than the French original of the previous year.

6. Art of Preserving the Feet, (The); or, practical instructions for the prevention and cure of corns, bunnions, callosities, chilblains, &c... To which are added directions for the proper management of the hands and nails. By an experienced chiropodist. Second edition. London: Henry Colburn... 1818.

12mo, pp. xvi, 239. Paper a little browned. Contemporary half calf, nicely rebacked, edges rubbed. Bookplates of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody (see below), and F. Paul French. £180 Second edition (all four editions appeared in the same year and with the same collation). An early item of English chiropodial literature, much influenced by Heyman Lion's book of 1802. The author calls for a recognised qualification for competent chiropodists. See J.C. Dagnall, "The history of chiropodial literature", in The Chiropodist, 1965.

7. ATWOOD, George. An Analysis of a Course of Lectures on the Principles of Natural Philosophy, read in the University of Cambridge. London: Printed for T. Cadell... 1784.

8vo, pp. vi, 265. The final page is errata. A few manuscript corrections in an early hand. Early nineteenth century half calf, spine ruled in gilt and decorated in blind, red morocco label. A family copy, with the signatures of A.T. Atwood, 1870, and George Atwood, 1905, on the front endpapers, together with a biographical note on the author. £850 FIRST EDITION. Atwood was a successful lecturer at Cambridge. Some of his immediate predecessors were "intellectually not very distinguished...[but] their deficiencies were to some extent made up for by non-professional Fellows such as George Atwood, of Trinity, who lectured in natural philosophy, including numerous experiments in mechanics, hydrostatics, optics, astronomy, magnetism and electricity" (Musson & Robinson, Science and Technology in the Industrial Revolution, p. 171). This syllabus is unusually large (most are very slim volumes), and it is actually an enlarged and revised version of his Description of the Experiments...of Natural Philosophy (1776), which had only 51 pages.

So Complete That It Could Not Be Improved 8. AVICENNA. Libri in re medica omnes, qui hactenus ad nos pervenere. Id est Libri Canonis quinque. De viribus cordis. De removendis nocumentis in regimine sanitatis. De sirupo acetoso. Et Cantica... Venetiis [Venice]: Apud Vincentium Valgrisium. 1564.

2 volumes, folio, 4 leaves, 966 pages, 1 leaf (printer's device); 6 leaves, pp. 429, (1), 128 leaves (the last blank). Separate title-page to the last 128 leaves of indexes, woodcut device on titles, text printed in double columns. Eighteenth century marbled boards and mottled sheep spines, spines gilt in compartments, red morocco labels (neat repairs to spines, sides a little rubbed). The present binding was evidently put on over an earlier binding, as a lozenge can be clearly discerned in the centre of the covers beneath the marbled paper. Small hole in blank area of last leaf and small dampstain at foot, pale dampstains at beginning and end of vol. 2, otherwise a fine copy. Ownership inscription on titles of both volumes dated 1707; later bookplate of Dr. A. Garrigues. £12,500 A very good edition of the medical works of the Arab physician Avicenna (980­1037), including all five Books of the Canon of Medicine and his four smaller medical works. The translation of the continued...

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Canon is that of Gerard of Cremona corrected by Andrea Alpago, newly revised by Mongius and Costäus and accompanied with variants and short notes. The De Viribus Cordis is translated by Arnald de Villanova, the De Regimen Sanitatis and De Syrupo Acetoso by Alpago, and the Canticum by Armegandus Blasius. At the end of volume 2 are two glossaries of Arabic terms and a large index. Avicenna's Canon is one of the most famous medical texts ever written, the final codification of Graeco-Arabic medicine, regarded by some writers as so complete that it could not be improved, which contributed to the static state of Arabic and early medieval medicine. Book I is a study of the four elements and their relation to the four humours; Book II is on materia medica; Book III is on diseases of specific organs, including the brain, nerves, the eye, the ear, the skin, and the joints; Book IV is on diseases not specific to certain organs, and includes orthopaedics, wounds, and poisons; and Book V is on drugs and their medicinal applications. See G&M 43 (the first printed edition of 1473). Choulant, Handbuch, p. 365. DSB XV, pp. 498­499. For a good summary of Avicenna's medicine see Neuburger, History of Medicine, pp. 389­390. Complete copies in fine condition of Avicenna are scarce, and this edition more often than not lacks the second volume.

With Plates of Machinery Printed in Colour 9. BAILEY, [William]. The Advancement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce; or, descriptions of the useful machines and models contained in the repository of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce. Illustrated by designs on fifty-five copper-plates. Together with an account of the several discoveries and improvements promoted by the Society, in agriculture, manufactures, mechanics, chemistry, and the polite arts; and also in the British colonies in America. Carefully corrected and revised, by Alexander Mabyn Bailey, Register to the Society... London: Printed and sold by the Author, at the Society's Office... 1776 [­1779].

2 volumes, folio, pp. xxvi [i.e. xx], (iv) list of subscribers, 239, 55 engraved plates (1 folding); pp. (vii), 72, 51 plates (5 folding) printed in one or more colours and finished by hand. Fore-edge of first title strengthened at an early date, fore-edge of one plate in vol. 1 and caption to the last plate shaved, tear across corner of one plate in vol. 1 repaired on reverse at an early date, paper slightly browned in the margins, some foxing and very minor soiling. Good modern half calf antique. Old floral library stamp on each plate (the lettering carefully obliterated, two stamps partially removed leaving a pale residue). £3800 Second edition of the first volume, first edition of the second. The first English atlas of machinery and mechanical devices, remarkable for its plates in colour. The plates are from drawings by William Bailey and his son, Alexander Mabyn Bailey. The first group of plates in volume 1 are concerned with various branches of agriculture, that being by far the largest industry in Britain at the time. The remaining plates in volume 1 are concerned with manufactures, and reflect Britain's rise as the pre-eminent manufacturing nation. They include the stocking-frame, looms, cranes, a sawmill, a hole-borer, and many others. The plates in the second volume (which constituted a supplement in the first edition) follow the same arrangement, but are all printed by engraving or mezzotint in colour, mostly a shade of sepia or green, and finished by hand in one or more colours. A few are printed in two colours. As such it is most unusual in any technological work. The whole project was overseen by the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce (today the Royal Society of Arts) which awarded medals for outstanding designs. The first volume originally appeared in 1772. The whole work was reissued in 1782 but with the plates in black only.

10. BALLINGALL, George. Introductory Lectures to a Course of Military Surgery, delivered in the University of Edinburgh. Edinburgh: Printed for Adam Black; and Longman,... London. 1830.

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8vo, pp. xv, 246, (1) errata. Contemporary half calf, nicely rebacked to match, corners slightly worn, marbled edges and endpapers. Foxing on the free endpapers, but the text quite clean. Presentation copy, inscribed on a leaf before the title "For the Right Honourable Sir Henry Hardinge, Secretary at War &c &c &c From the Author." £450 FIRST EDITION. Ballingall was "the first in this country to attempt a separate and complete course of Lectures on Military Surgery" (the preface). After being with the army in India and Java for eleven years, "he was appointed lecturer of military surgery at the University of Edinburgh in 1823, and despite considerable opposition from the medical community at Edinburgh,...he was appointed professor of military surgery in 1825. Ballingall quickly proved to be one of the more popular lecturers; in 1839 he had eighty students. This professorship, partly subsidized by the government, was then the only position in Britain which specifically addressed military medicine" (ODNB). At the end is a 20-page bibliography of military medicine. The recipient of this copy, Sir Henry Hardinge (1785­1856), served in the Peninsula and Waterloo campaigns, and was made secretary for war when Wellington became Prime Minister. He was later first Viscount Hardinge of Lahore and governor-general of India.

11. BARBA, Alvaro Alonso. The Art of Metals, in which is declared the manner of their generation, and the concomitants of them. In two Books. Written in Spanish by Albaro Alonso Barba...in the year, 1640. Translated in the year, 1669. By the R.H. Edward Earl of Sandwich. London: Printed for S. Mearne... 1674.

2 volumes in 1, 8vo, pp. (iv), 156; 1 leaf, pp. 91, 1 engraved plate. Without the final blank leaf. Both titles within ruled border. Modern panelled calf antique. Library stamp in upper margin of A2 and lower margin of D2, some minor browning, a very good copy. £3200 Second edition in English of the first two Books of this celebrated treatise on mining and metallurgy, the first significant work on the subject in Spanish, and the first work on mining in the Americas. The first Book deals with the generation of metals and things accompanying them, and the second with the extraction of silver by mercury. It also includes the earliest special chapter on petroleum products (Book I, ch. 9) in Peru and elsewhere. The methods of extraction that Barba himself discovered were in large part responsible for the vast wealth that Spain gained from Peru. The book was kept secret in Spain, but when the Earl of Sandwich was Ambassador to Spain, he obtained a copy and translated two of the five books and had them published by Samuel Mearne, the royal bookbinder and publisher. Wing B678 and 682. Another issue (or possibly edition) of the first Book has the title The First Book of the Art of Mettals. Duveen p. 42; Neville I, p. 70 (both with the alternate title). Hoover catalogue 83. Sabin 3254. Norman catalogue 115. No complete English edition of all five Books was done until 1923.

12. BAUMÉ, [Antoine]. Chymie Expérimentale et Raisonnée. A Paris: Chez P. Franc. Didot le jeune, 1773.

3 volumes, 8vo, 2 leaves, pp. lx [i.e. clx], 482, fine engraved frontispiece portrait and 8 folding engraved plates; 2 leaves, 671 pages, 2 folding plates; 2 leaves, 704 pages, 2 folding plates. Halftitles, different engraved vignette on each title. Some foxing throughout, occasionally heavy, two tears in L6 vol. 3 unprofessionally repaired partially obscuring some letters. Contemporary Spanish(?) tree sheep, black borders on sides, brown and green morocco labels on spines, marbled endpapers, red edges. £800 FIRST EDITION, Cole's edition B, the "inferior" edition with the portrait and the title vignettes reversed and unsigned. "One of the very latest and at the same time the best text books based on the phlogiston theory by one of the most distinguished eighteenth century French chemists" (Duveen). The plates depict chemical apparatus. continued...

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Cole 45. Duveen, p. 53. Ferguson, I, pp. 83­84. Neville I, p. 96 (this edition). Partington, III, pp. 90­95.

13. BAUMÉ, [Antoine]. A Manual of Chemistry, or a brief account of the operations of chemistry, and their products. Translated from the French... Warrington: Printed by W. Eyres, for J. Johnson,... London. 1778.

Small 8vo, pp. vi, (i) advertisement, 400. Title and endpapers slightly soiled, paper slightly browned, single wormhole in upper margin becoming two wormholes towards the end, last few leaves creased. Contemporary sheep, ends of spine and corners worn, red morocco label on spine. £800 FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH of Baumé's important Manuel de Chymie, translated by John Aikin, and printed in Warrington by William Eyres. Aikin added some notes of his own, principally "relating to...fixed air, with which Mr. Beaumé appears not to have been acquainted" (the preface). Cole 56. Duveen p. 53 ("rare"). Neville I, p. 98.

14. BELL, Charles. The Hand. Its mechanism and vital endowments as evincing design. London: William Pickering, 1833.

8vo, pp. xv, 288, text illustrations after drawings by the author. Contemporary calf, spine gilt in compartments, green morocco label (chipped), sides with gilt and blind borders, marbled edges and endpapers. Extremities a little rubbed, otherwise a very clean copy. Signature on front endpaper of William Castell. £475 FIRST EDITION. G&M 411.1: "Classic work on the anatomy, physiology, bio-mechanics, comparative anatomy, and adaptive importance of the hand." This was the fourth book in the series of Bridgewater Treatises.

15. BELL, John. Discourses on the Nature and Cure of Wounds. The second edition. Edinburgh: Printed by Mundell & Son...for T. Cadell, Junr. and W. Davies...London. 1800.

2 volumes in 1, 8vo, pp. x, 250, 2 engraved plates by the author; 2 leaves, 235 pages. With 1 engraved illustration on p.122 of vol. 2. Contemporary tree sheep, spine gilt in compartments, (upper joint and ends of spine neatly repaired, new brown morocco label), marbled endpapers. Early signature in upper corner of title. £360 Second edition. Garrison considered the monumental Principles of Surgery and the Discourses to be Bell's most enduring contributions to surgery. The second of the discourses is a valuable historical discussion of the surgery of the arteries. They are "remarkable for their clear exposition of the then recently introduced practice of aiming at the early union of wounds after operations, of the importance of the free anastomosis of arteries in dealing with injuries to the main trunks of the arteries, and other novel modes of treatment..." (Dr. Bettany in DNB).

16. BERGMAN, Torbern Olof. Manuel du Minéralogiste; ou sciagraphie du règne minéral, distribué d'après l'analyse chimique. Mise au jour par M. Ferber...et traduite et augmentée de notes par M. Mongez le jeune... A Paris: Chez Cuchet... 1784.

8vo, pp. lxxxviii, 343, and 1 engraved plate depicting chemical apparatus. Contemporary mottled sheep, flat spine gilt, red morocco label, no front free endpaper. £600 FIRST EDITION IN FRENCH of an important work in the chemical classification of minerals. Bergman's Sciagraphia regni mineralis, first published in 1782 in Latin, contains his general reform continued...

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of nomenclature. "Following Linnaeus, Bergman divided inorganic substances into classes, genera, and species; and, as Linnaeus had done for plants and animals, he defined each class and genus by one word and each species by two. There were four classes: salts (including acids and alkalis as well as neutral salts), earths, metals, and phlogistic materials" (DSB, II, p.7). Mongez (1751­1788) added to his translation extensive notes regarding each substance, citing works of other chemists and mineralogists. Cole 110. Hoover 114. Partington, III, pp. 184­185.

17. BERZELIUS, Jöns Jakob. Von der Anwendung des Löthrohrs in der Chemie und Mineralogie. Aus der Handschrift übersetzt von Heinr. Rose. Nürnberg: bei Joh. Leonhard Schrag. 1821.

8vo, pp. xvi, 311, (1), and 4 stilted and folding engraved plates. Contemporary marbled boards, green label on spine (joints slightly rubbed, paper very slightly browned), an excellent copy. Two very small signatures on title dated 1823 and 1853. £650 FIRST EDITION IN GERMAN of Berzelius' classic work, the first exhaustive treatise on the analysis of minerals using the blowpipe. "The scientific apparatus and reagents available in Sweden when Berzelius began his work were very inadequate... The new forms of apparatus that he built were described in the various editions of his textbook and became standard pieces of equipment in laboratories all over the world. He was especially skillful in the use of the blowpipe, which had been developed in the Scandinavian countries. He utilized it in many of his analytical procedures, and the book that he wrote concerning it popularised its use abroad" (DSB II, p. 93). Heinrich Rose (1795­1864), the author of this "excellent translation", by which Berzelius' work was made available in Germany, worked with Berzelius for two years immediately prior to its publication. Cole 138. Partington IV, pp. 142­149. Neville I, p. 147 (the original edition, in Swedish). Holmberg, Bibliographie de J.J. Berzelius, I, 1821, 5.

18. BOLLETTI, Giuseppe Gaetano. Dell' Origine e de' Progressi dell' Instituto delle Scienze di Bologna e di tutte le Academie ad esso unite, con la descrizione delle più notabili cose, che ad uso del mondo letterario nello stesso Instituto si conservano... In Bologna: nella Stamperia di Lelio dalla Volpe. 1751.

Small 8vo, 1 leaf, pp. 3­126, 1 leaf (imprimatur), and 4 folding engraved plates. Contemporary English speckled calf, red morocco label on spine (short crack at top of upper joint), a nice copy. £800 FIRST EDITION. The history of the origins and activities of the Academy of Sciences of the Institute of Bologna, one of the leading scientific academies of the eighteenth century. It was founded as a private academy in 1690 by Eustachio Manfredi, and became the Instituto in 1712. The plates show the building in plan and elevation.

A Milestone in the History of Chemistry 19. BOYLE, Robert. New Experiments and Observations touching Cold, or an experimental history of cold, begun. To which are added an examen of antiperistasis, and an examen of Mr. Hobs's doctrine about cold. Whereunto is annexed an account of freezing, brought in to the Royal Society, by the learned Dr. C. Merret, a Fellow of it. London: Printed for John Crook... 1665.

Small 8vo, 2 parts in 1 volume, 30 leaves, pp. 696, 2 leaves, pp. 697­803, (1) blank, 2 leaves, pp. 805­845, (2), (1) blank; 4 leaves, 54 pages, 1 leaf (blank), 2 folded engraved plates. Title printed in red and black within ruled border. Contemporary speckled calf, expertly rebacked preserving the original backstrip and red morocco label, corners repaired, upper margin cut close to some page continued...

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48 French

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numbers (as usual with this book), a fine copy. Early signature in upper corner of title of Andrew Hacket, and his armorial bookplate on inside front cover. £4500 FIRST EDITION. "The treatise on `Cold' is a milestone in the history of chemistry since it applies a quantitative tool, namely the thermometer, to the study of the interaction of elemental substances and mixtures. This, together with his later Languid and Unheeded Motion, gives Boyle just claim to a place in the early history of ideas concerning the kinetics of chemical reactions (i.e. modern thermodynamics). "In discussing cold, Boyle gives an account of his discovery of `freezing mixtures' with the present-day interpretation of the phenomenon. He proved that ice has a smaller specific gravity than water and that it must therefore expand on freezing. The work is noteworthy also for a large number of physiological observations... He was aware that extreme cold prevented the putrefaction of animal tissues, and realized that cold could be utilized for the preservation of meat" (Fulton). From these experiments, Boyle concluded that cold is not an entity in itself, but a lack of heat. He instigated the making of the first sealed thermometers in England, and advocated the use of coloured spirit of wine in them to prevent them freezing during experiments. There is much in the book on geographical and meteorological cold, including an account by Boyle's friend Dr. Christopher Merrett of the exceptionally cold winter of 1662. Wing B3996. Fulton 70. Neville I, pp. 202­203. Partington II, pp. 509­510.

20. BOYLE, Robert. [1] A Continuation of New Experiments Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring and Weight of the Air, and their effects. The I. Part. Oxford: Printed by Henry Hall...for Richard Davis, 1669. [Bound with:] [2] A Continuation of New Experiments Physico-Mechanical, Touching the Spring and Weight of the Air, and their effects. The second part. London: Printed by Miles Flesher for Richard Davis, 1682. [And:] [3] New Experiments Physico-Mechanical, touching the Spring of the Air, and its effects, made, for the most part, in a new pneumatical engine... London: Printed by Miles Flesher for Richard Davis, Bookseller in Oxford, 1682.

3 works in 2 volumes (the third in 3 parts), 4to, 11 leaves, pp. 198, (10), 1 leaf (longitudinal title), 8 engraved plates; pp (xx), 198, (5), 5 folding plates; pp. (xvi), 204, (xii), 118, (2) blank, (viii), 102, (2), 2 engraved plates (1 folding). Titles of [2] and [3] within rules. Part 3 of [3] misbound at the beginning, small wormhole in lower margin of first part of [1], short (2 cm.) wormtrack in first few leaves of [3] diminishing to a single wormhole, last plate of [2] just shaved at sides. Contemporary panelled calf, foot of one spine and one corner worn, upper joints cracking at foot, one small hole in leather owing to zealous use of a blind tool, a nice set. Early signature of J. Brandreth of Trinity College, Cambridge, on front free endpapers. £4000 [1] FIRST EDITION. After the Spring and Weight of the Air, Boyle continued to devise experiments on air. In this first continuation, he describes the second English air-pump, constructed like the first by himself and Robert Hooke. He investigated sound, magnetic force and frictional heat in a vacuum; he also confirmed the results of Pascal's famous experiment on the Puy-de-Dôme. Wing B3934. Fulton 16. [2] FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH (from the Latin). The first description of the double airpump, the third air-pump in England, devised and constructed by Denis Papin, who had brought it with him from France. It had the great advantage of two barrels so arranged that, as the air became exhausted, the resistance offered to the ascent of one piston was nearly balanced by the force with which it compelled the other to descend. It is clear from this book that Boyle and Papin worked together for almost four years. Wing B3935. Fulton 18. [3] Third edition of Boyle's book on his original experiments on air, his first scientific work and the one on which his fame rests. This edition, like the second, includes his controversial tracts against Linus and Hobbes, the former provoking an attack to which Boyle wrote a defence that contained "Boyle's law", first published in the second edition. Wing B4000. Fulton 15. See Horblit 15, PMM 143, and the Norman catalogue 300 for the second edition. Neville I, p. 192, has the same combination of works as are present here.

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21. BOYLE, Robert. Experiments and Considerations about the Porosity of Bodies, in two essays. London: Printed for Sam. Smith... 1684.

Small 8vo, pp. (iv), 145, (3) blank. Title within ruled borders. Contemporary mottled calf (upper joint neatly repaired, new red morocco label). Mild foxing on the endpapers, but a very good copy, complete with the final blank leaf. Eighteenth century signature of J.D. Hamilton on last page. £2250 FIRST EDITION. "To a modern physiologist the Porosity of Bodies is of signal interest, for it marks the beginning of the study of osmotic pressure and of the exchange of substances through living membranes, which is at the basis of the regulation of all bodily processes. He [Boyle] commences by considering the skin and sweating, confirming Santorio's celebrated observations on loss of weight through insensible perspiration... There are interesting observations upon the absorption of medicines through the skin and through wounds [concluding that substances can be absorbed through the lungs and the human skin]. The second part of the essay deals with the porosity of solid bodies, and once more we find Boyle speaking in terms of atomic structure and arrangement... At the end there is an interesting section on the porosity of glass, in which the methods of staining glass are described at length" (Fulton). Wing B3966. Fulton 149.

With an Autograph Letter 22. BRONGNIART, Alexandre. Classification et Caractères Minéralogiques des Roches Homogènes et Hétérogènes. A Paris: Chez F.G. Levrault,... 1827.

8vo, 2 leaves, 144 pages. Contemporary roan-backed marbled boards (spine faded and worn at ends, half-title dampstained, some foxing throughout). Tipped in on the half-title is an A.L.s. (somewhat creased) by Brongniart saying he is enclosing a sample of a mineral for analysis. Provenance: 1. Daubrée, probably Gabriel-Auguste Daubrée (1814­1896), geologist. 2. Stanislas Meunier, with his stamp at the foot of the title, and autograph note on the endpaper, given him by Daubrée in January 1867. 3. Comte Delamarre de Monchaux, purchased from the Librairie Lechevalier because of the autograph letter, at the sale of Meunier's books (note on front endpaper). £450 FIRST EDITION. A mineralogical classification and description of rocks by the eminent French geologist Brongniart (1770­1847), who had long given his attention to minerals and rocks. In 1822 he succeeded Haüy as professor of mineralogy at the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle. DSB, II, pp. 493­497. Sotheran, 1st Supp., 4723: "This work, according to Sir A. Geikie, first proposed the word melaphyre for one of the basaltic rocks."

23. CARPUE, Joseph Constantine. A History of the High Operation for the Stone, by incision above the pubis; with observations on the advantages attending it and an account of the various methods of lithotomy, from the earliest periods to the present time. London: Printed for Longman,... 1819.

8vo, pp. iv, 204, 4 engraved plates (3 large and folding, the first bound as a frontispiece and handcoloured). Two tears in inner margin of one plate repaired. Modern boards as the original, uncut t re and largely unopened. Presentation copy, inscribed on a blank leaf before the title: "Rob Keate Esq from his Friend, J.C. Carpue:"; then inscribed at the top of the title: "For St Georges Hospital library from R. Keate 1836", and with the St. George's stamp on the title and backs of the plates. £950 FIRST EDITION. G&M 4288. Carpue gives a history of both the lateral and the high operations, from a careful and methodical study of the literature. In the appendix he quotes everything that Franco (1556) wrote on the subject. He then gives an account of the high operation, which had become obsolete. "Carpue popularized suprapubic lithotomy, a procedure not often previously carried out" (G&M). The first plate shows a diagram of the operation, and the others are of instruments. continued...

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Robert Keate (1777­1857) was the nephew of the surgeon Thomas Keate and surgeon to St. George's Hospital in London for forty years.

24. CHAPTAL, Jean Antoine Claude. Tableau Analytique du Cours de Chimie, fait à Montpellier... A Montpellier: De l'imprimerie de Jean-François Picot... 1783.

8vo, pp. (iv), 209. Modern quarter morocco and marbled sides. A fine and clean copy printed on very good, thick paper. £800 FIRST EDITION. "Chaptal (1756­1832) studied at the University of Montpellier and displayed so much talent that the authorities founded a chair of chemistry specially to enable him to teach in the school of medicine. The present work is an excellent summary of his lectures at Montpellier, instituted in 1781..." (Neville). Cole 268. Duveen p. 129. Neville I, p. 264.

25. CHAPTAL, Jean Antoine Claude. Chimie appliquée a l'Agriculture. A Paris: Chez Madame Huzard,... 1823.

2 volumes in 1, 8vo, 2 leaves, pp. vi, lvi, 298; 2 leaves, pp. 484. Half-titles. Contemporary half speckled calf, a nice copy. £800 FIRST EDITION of Chaptal's important treatise on agricultural chemistry. "It will be noted that Chaptal does not limit his discussions to the chemistry of the atmosphere, soils, fertilizer, and plant growth, as was done by Davy and most previous writers on agricultural chemistry, but that he enormously amplifies the scope of his volume by making these subjects...an introduction to the main practical part of his book... The operations of cooking; food preservation; fermentation of wine, cider and beer; alcohol distillation; butter and cheese manufacture; preparation of fruit juices and other beverages; purification of water; farm sanitation; washing and cleaning of fabrics; indigo fabrication, and beet sugar manufacture; all are described with a wealth of historical references and personal observations which were the result of Chaptal's immense learning and long years of practical experience" (C.A. Browne, A Source Book of Agricultural Chemistry, pp. 183­189). Cole 250: "This is a book that had some impact on agricultural chemistry." Neville I, p. 259.

26. CHEVREUL, Michel Eugène. Considérations Générales sur l'Analyse Organique et sur ses Applications. A Paris: Chez F.-G. Levrault,... 1824.

8vo, 2 leaves (half-title and title), pp. xxi, 2 leaves (dedication and sub-title), pp. 256, 1 leaf (errata). Leaf 3/4 is a cancel. Original brown printed wrappers, uncut (sewing loose and upper wrapper almost detached). Some foxing throughout, but mostly quite mild. Small library stamp on title. £550 FIRST EDITION. "Following the completion of his investigation of natural fats, Chevreul wrote a work of a more general nature, Considérations générales sur l'analyse organique (1824), which is a reflection on the many years of research with organic materials. Here Chevreul considered the methods of research in organic chemistry, methods that he himself used with such success in his investigations. The primary analytical problems were how to determine whether one had a pure substance or a mixture and how to resolve the frequently complex animal or plant material into its immediate principles. It was Chevreul who placed this immediate analysis on a rigorous basis. He considered the methods used in handling natural products, in isolating pure substances from them in unaltered form, and in recognizing their purity. He gave precise criteria for what constituted a pure organic compound and presented for the first time a clear and accurate account of the methods of immediate analysis that must necessarily precede elementary analysis" (DSB, III, p. 243). Cole 274. Neville I, p. 272: "...a landmark in the history of organic chemical analysis."

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27. CHEVREUL, Michel Eugène. Théorie des Effets Optiques que présentent les Étoffes de Soie. Paris: Typographie de Firmin Didot Frères... 1846.

8vo, 208 pages, folding lithographed plate printed in colours. Original printed wrappers (a bit discoloured and worn at ends of spine), internally a fine copy. Stamp of the Chamber of Commerce of Lyon, who funded the printing of the book (see below). £600 FIRST EDITION. An important work by the great French chemist whose studies of colour made him one of the most influential scientists of the nineteenth century. Based on the course of lectures he gave at Lyon in 1842 and 1843, this book deals with the application of his famous theory of simultaneous contrast of colours to the manufacture of silken fabrics. It was printed at the expense of the Chamber of Commerce of Lyon under whose auspices "he studied the optical effects shown by various fabric constructions of silk, and developed a theory for explaining these effects based on a system of parallel cylinders combined with his previous ideas of color contrast" (Edelstein). Neville I, p. 273. Edelstein, Historical Notes on the Wet-Processing Industry, p. 30, reproducing the plate.

28. COLLES, Abraham. A Treatise on Surgical Anatomy. Part the first [all published]. Dublin: Printed by N. Kelly for Gilbert & Hodges... 1811.

8vo, 4 leaves, 219 pages. Title-page creased and a bit soiled, some minor foxing and small marks. Contemporary half calf, nicely rebacked and recornered, spine with gilt centres and green morocco label. £900 SOLE EDITION. The first Irish work on surgical anatomy, and possibly the first Irish work on anatomy in general. Colles was resident surgeon to Dr. Steevens' Hospital in Dublin. "Colles quickly became a masterly surgeon, being cool, dexterous, and resourceful. A number of his operations were significant advances. When he first tied the subclavian artery for aneurysm, the operation had been attempted only twice in England, and never in Ireland. He was the first man in Europe successfully to tie the innominate artery. In his Treatise on Surgical Anatomy (1811) he discussed the forms of hernia and various important surgical operations in a manner which showed his deep and accurate study developed over many years of daily dissections" (ODNB).

29. COOPER, Sir Astley. A Treatise on Dislocations, and on Fractures of the Joints. Third edition. London: Published for the author, by Messrs. Longman... 1824.

4to, pp. (ii), viii, 2 leaves, pp. 522, and 33 plates with 37 leaves of explanation, engraved illustration on p. 517, slip with a printed note referring to p. 118 bound in at the end. Complete with the halftitle and stub on plate 30. Faint dampstain on last two plates. Contemporary calf (small repair to head of spine), a fine copy. £850 See G&M 4412.1 (first edition, 1822): "Through this and numerous subsequent editions this was the principal reference work on the subject in England and America for 30 years." This great monograph "contains many superb illustrations which depict with great clarity and simplicity what they are intended to convey... Almost all the common fractures and dislocations are shown dissected and displayed, and much original research work is also illustrated" (Brock, Life and Work of Astley Cooper). Bick, Classics of Orthopaedics, 19 and 62 (first edition of 1822).

30. COURCELLES, David Cornelius de. Icones Musculorum Plantae Pedis eorumque Descriptio. Lugduni Batavorum [Leiden]: Apud Conradum Wishoff, et Georg. Jac. Wishoff, fil. Conrad. 1739.

4to, 2 leaves, 68 pages, and 7 fine engraved plates by R. Blokh from drawings by George Kennedy. Woodcut device on title and tailpiece on last page. Nineteenth century half morocco and red cloth continued...

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sides, uncut edges. Library stamp on title and p. 1 and Wellcome cancellation stamp on verso of title. Bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody. £700 FIRST EDITION of this scarce monograph on the anatomy of the foot, which is a continuation of Albinus's Historia Musculorum. The plates are particulary striking, and depict the successive layers of the musculature.

Marie Curie's Doctoral Thesis 31. CURIE, [Marie] Sklodowska. Recherches sur les Substances Radioactives. [Three papers in:] Annales de Chimie et de Physique, vol. XXX, pp. 99­144, 145­203, and 289­ 326. Paris: Masson et Cie,... Imprimerie Gauthier-Villars... [September­ November] 1903.

8vo, 3 volumes bound together. Contemporary half calf (joints neatly repaired), red and green morocco labels on spines, and small paper shelf labels, original printed wrappers bound in. Bookplate of Sir William J. Pope, library stamp on titles and a few other pages. Three volumes (XXVIII­XXX) bound together are offered; the three papers by Madame Curie are contained in the third volume. £900 Second edition, in the same year as the first (but the first available edition), of Marie Curie's doctoral thesis, which "offered a detailed critical presentation of her researches from 1897 to 1903, her most creative period, during which she had made the first measurement of radioactive radiation, demonstrated the radioactive properties of thorium, discovered polonium and radium, described the atomic nature of radioactivity, prepared pure radium chloride, determined the atomic weight of radium, observed `induced radioactivity', characterized alpha-rays, demonstrated the negative charge of beta-rays, and developed the chemical aspects of radioactivity. The thesis includes a considerable amount of material published for the first time..." (Norman). The first edition of Curie's thesis was published in late May or early June 1903, in a small number of copies, probably about a hundred. "The second edition...appeared in three instalments in the Annales de Chimie et de Physique, 7è série, 30 (1903), also published by Gauthier-Villars; it was customary for a thesis, when important, to be included in the next cahier of the Annales. This second edition was re-edited by Curie, who made printing corrections, deletions, and textual alterations, adding in all a full page of new material" (Norman). Printing and the Mind of Man 394a; Horblit 19; Dibner 164; Norman catalogue 543 (all citing the very rare first edition). Only the 1904 edition appears in auction records (although the Norman and Friedman copies of the first edition were sold in 1998 and 2001).

32. DAVID, [Jean Pierre]. Dissertation sur les effets du Mouvement et du Repos dans les Maladies Chirurgicales. Imprimé à Rouen, chez A.F. Viret: et se vend a Paris, Chez la Veuve Vaillat-La-Chapelle... 1779.

12mo, pp. xii, 164, (1) approbation. Contemporary blue marbled boards and sheep spine with black morocco label, red edges. Upper corners worn, otherwise a fine copy. £1200 FIRST EDITION of a classic and very rare work in orthopaedics, important for showing the effect of movement and of rest in the treatment of joint conditions. David concluded "that to bring about anchylosis -- to effect the union of bones -- rest was beneficial, action was injurious. On the other hand, if anchylosis were to be avoided, as in injuries to the elbow or knee joints, then the opposite practice must be pursued -- that of action or movement" (Keith). Even after the work of Hilton in the nineteenth century, modern surgeons came to accept the work of David. David also described the various types of spinal deformity consequent to vertebral disease in the same year that Pott published his account. In fact David's book includes a description of Pott's disease, with post-mortem findings, better than Pott's own. G&M 4303. Bick, Source Book, p. 80. Keith, Menders of the Maimed, pp. 34 and 189­191: "... his famous essay." Valentin, Geschichte der Orthopädie, p. 64. This was the only edition in French and the only separate edition.

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33. DAVY, Sir Humphry. Six Discourses delivered before the Royal Society at their anniversary meetings, on the award of the Royal and Copley Medals; preceded by an address to the Society, on the progress and prospects of science. London: John Murray... 1827.

Large 4to, pp. xi, 148. Original boards, rebacked (rather soiled, and worn at corners), uncut. Some light foxing, and edges lightly browned throughout. Inscribed by Davy on the half-title "from the Author", and on the upper cover probably also in his hand "Wm. Sotheby Esqr", probably William Sotheby (1757­1833), poet and translator, and Fellow of the Royal Society. £450 FIRST EDITION, comprising Davy's discourses before the Royal Society from 1820­1826, during his term as president, mostly on the occasions of awarding medals to great contemporary scientists such as John Dalton. Cole 350. Neville I, p.342.

34. [DECEMBRIUS, Petrus] Candidus. De Genitura Hominis. [Colophon:] impressum Auguste [Augsburg]: per Johannem Froschauer, [n.d., c. 1498].

Small 4to, 11 leaves (of 12, lacking the final blank). 31 lines, 3- and 4-line woodcut initials. Early nineteenth century half calf (recently rebacked and recornered), unlettered, uncut edges. Paper slightly browned, otherwise in fine condition. Bookplates on front pastedown of Georg Kloss of Frankfurt, and Henry Marshall, M.D., also a neat presentation inscription to his(?) son; library stamp of the Medical Society, County of Kings on verso of title. £5750 Ninth and last separate edition of what is perhaps the first printed book on gynaecology (Osler records no earlier treatise on the subject). First published about 1474, the De Genitura Hominis is a

short treatise on gynaecology, conception, childbirth, and the astrological influences which govern human reproduction. It includes elements of divination and magic in the prescriptions that Decembrius gives for inducing conception and influencing the gender of the child. Decembrius (Pier Candido Decembrio) was a humanist scholar, born in Pavia in 1399. He became secretary to Duke Filippo Maria Visconti in Milan, apostolic secretary at Rome in 1453, and died at Milan in 1477. He was a prolific author, but only a few of his treatises made it into print.

Klebs 327.9. GW 8186. BMC II, 397. Osler, Incunabula medica, 53 (first edition). Thorndike, History of Magic and Experimental Science, IV, pp. 397­399.

35. DUDON, M[athieu]. Manuale dell' Ortoiatro o l'arte di curare i piedi contenente delle ricerche pratiche su le diverse escrescenze epidermiche conosciute sotto il nome di calli, durezze, lupinelli, ed i mezzi pi facili per guarirle da se stesso. Coll' aggiunta di particolari avvertimenti su i geloni... Terza edizione notabilmente accresciuta, in italiano ridotta da G.B. Carta. Milano: Presso gli Editori. 1825.

12mo, pp. 106, (2) index, folding lithographed frontispiece of instruments. Later vellum-backed marbled boards. Some foxing, but a very good copy. £280 FIRST EDITION IN ITALIAN (?) of an exceptionally rare and quite early treatise on chiropody, which, like so much of the early literature of that subject, was based on Laforest's L'art de soigner les pieds. The "Terza edizione" on the title-page is probably taken from the third French edition of 1824, and simply included in the translation. NUC records only two French editions, 1818 and 1824, and this Italian edition, all in one copy only.

36. DURLACHER, Lewis. A Concise Treatise on Corns, Bunions, and the Disorders of Nails, with advice for the general management of the feet. London: Simpkin, Marshall, and Co... [n.d., c. 1858].

continued...

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12mo, pp. xii, (13)-123, (1). Original rose blind-stamped cloth, lettered in gilt, spine faded to brown. Half-title and last page browned from the endpaper, but a very fine copy. Bookplates of Walter Seelig and J. Colin Dagnall, the historians of chiropody (see below). £300 Third edition, first (undated) issue. See G&M 4325 (first edition of 1845, which was illustrated). This book gave the first description of anterior metatarsalgia (later designated Morton's metatarsalgia), plantar digital neuritis, oncycophosis, Durlacher's corn, etc. It placed chiropody on a scientific basis, and is, in the opinion of J.C. Dagnall, the most important book in the literature. In his preface, Durlacher comments that "the present edition is not, however, a mere reprint of the second [of 1850], but has been considerably altered in its form and arrangement." Although Durlacher says there was a second edition, no copy seems to be extant. Another issue with a reset title-page is dated 1858, and has the misprint "lining" on p. 113 corrected to "lacing". See Dagnall, "The history of chiropodial literature", in The Chiropodist, 1965.

37. DURLACHER, Lewis. A Concise Treatise on Corns, Bunions, and the Disorders of Nails, with advice for the general management of the feet. London: Simpkin, Marshall, and Co... 1858.

12mo, pp. xii, (13)-123, (1), + advert leaf before the half-title. Original rose blind-stamped cloth, lettered in gilt, spine faded to brown, extremities slightly worn and soiled. Signature of J. Laws on title; also of Richard Shufflebothm, 1876, on front endpaper; bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody. £300 Third edition, second (dated) issue, of the previous item. This issue with a reset title-page is dated, and has the misprint "lining" on p. 113 corrected to "lacing".

38. ECHEVERRIA, M. Gonzalez. On Epilepsy: anatomico-pathological and clinical notes. New York: William Wood & Co... 1870.

8vo, 386 pages, 10 plates (4 coloured). Original mauve cloth, spine faded (as usual), otherwise a fine copy. £300 FIRST EDITION. Includes some striking hand-coloured plates.

39. Economy (The) of the Hands and Feet, Fingers and Toes. Which includes the prevention, treatment, and cure, of corns, bunnions, and deformed nails; the removal of excrescences... By an old army surgeon. Third edition, carefully revised, corrected, and enlarged. London: Published by Effingham Wilson... 1831.

12mo, pp. xx, 130, lithographed frontispiece. 36 pages of publisher's adverts inserted at the end. Small piece torn from upper margin of preface leaf, otherwise a very good copy. Original blue printed decorative boards, edges rubbed, spine and tips of corners worn. Bookplates of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody (see below), and F. Paul French. £150 Third edition, in the year following the first.

40. Economy (The) of the Hands and Feet, Fingers and Toes. Which includes the prevention, treatment, and cure, of corns, bunnions, and deformed nails; the removal of excrescences... By an old army surgeon. London: Published by Effingham Wilson... 1830. [Bound with:] The Art of Preserving the Feet; or, practical instructions for the prevention and cure of corns, bunnions, callosities, chilblains, &c... To which are added directions for the proper management of the hands and nails. By an experienced chiropodist. Fourth edition. London: Henry Colburn... 1818.

continued...

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2 works in 1 volume, 12mo, pp. xvi, 108, lithographed frontispiece; pp. xvi, 239. Frontispiece and title of first work a bit browned. Contemporary half calf, rubbed, upper joint cracked but firm. £300 FIRST EDITION and fourth edition respectively of two early items of English chiropodial literature, much influenced by Heyman Lion's book of 1802.

41. EISENBERG, John. Surgical and Practical Observations on the Diseases of the Human Foot: with instructions for their treatment. To which is added advice on the management of the hand. London: Henry Renshaw... 1845.

4to, 4 leaves, pp. (v)­xii, xiv, 252. Original brown cloth (a little soiled, rebacked, tips of corners worn), yellow endpapers, gilt edges. Bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody (see below). £450 FIRST EDITION. The most handsome book on chiropody published to date. Printed in large, clear type and published in quarto format with gilt edges, this volume is one of the most impressive in the whole of the early literature of the subject. However, the contents do not follow its appearance, for "it contains interesting material and was a definite contribution to our literature, but unfortunately it also contained much rubbish" (J.C. Dagnall, "The history of chiropodial literature", in The Chiropodist, 1965; also "Who wrote `Eisenberg on the diseases of the foot'?", in The Chiropodist, vol. 41, 1986). Eisenberg appears to have been an Austrian émigré with a considerable practice in a fashionable part of London. The preface is in German.

42. FERGUSON, James. Lectures on Select Subjects in Mechanics, Hydrostatics, Pneumatics, and Optics: with the use of the globes, the art of dialing, and the calculation of the mean times of new and full moons and eclipses. London: A. Millar... 1760.

8vo, 4 leaves, 417 pages, 3 leaves, and 23 extending engraved plates by Mynde from drawings by the author. Contemporary speckled calf, spine gilt, red morocco label. Upper joint cracked but held by the cords, otherwise a fine copy. £600 FIRST EDITION of a book that became very successful and was for many years a standard work on mechanical science. Ferguson's mechanical abilities contrived him to lecture to the Royal Society on astronomical instruments. He became an accomplished public lecturer and expounder of Newtonian principles. He was a skilled designer of clocks and planispheres, and his models of the planetary system were classics of engineering design whose accuracy far surpassed anything previously available.

43. FOURCROY, [Antoine François] de, and [Jean Jacques] DELAPORTE. Analyse Chimique de l'Eau Sulfureuse d'Enghien, pour servir a l'histoire des eaux sulfureuses en général. A Paris: Chez Cuchet... 1788.

8vo, 2 leaves, pp. (vii)­xx, 385, (1). Half-title, woodcut head- and tailpiece. Contemporary sheepbacked boards, flat spine gilt with red and green morocco labels, also a white ownership label and paper shelf label (joints cracked but still firm, head of spine worn). Calligraphic stamp of Dr. Ch. Mayor on title. £350 FIRST EDITION. At the behest of the Faculty of Medicine, and "with the collaboration of Delaporte (of the Royal Society of Medicine) Fourcroy made very detailed analyses of the waters of Enghien, in the valley of Montmorency, and a large quantity was brought to Paris for further study. A full account of these waters was read by Fourcroy at ten successive meetings of the society and subsequently published in the present book... A balneological and analytical chemical classic, which is `entirely chemical in content' (Duveen)" (Neville). As a result of this analysis the waters were recommended for various ailments, and Enghien developed into a fashionable resort. continued...

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A figure in the text from Hutchinson's atlas of clinical surgery, item 62

The book includes two further studies, on the waters of Vaugirard and of Saint-Germainen-Laye (by Chappon), and bound in after this copy is the earlier 24-page analysis (Rapport fait par...la Faculté de Médecine. Pour l'Examen des Eaux d'Enghien...") published in 1785, as a result of which sulphur was found to be present, and the waters were put on sale or distributed free to the poor. Cole 486. Duveen p. 225. Neville I, p. 474. Smeaton, Fourcroy, pp. 21­22 and 115­117 for a full account of these two works; bibliography no. 30.

44. FOURCROY, [Antoine François] de. Élémens d'Histoire Naturelle et de Chimie. Cinquième édition. A Paris: Chez Cuchet... 1793.

5 volumes, 8vo, with the half-titles and final errata leaf in vol. 5, and 10 folding letterpress tables (numbered 1­9 and one unnumbered at p. 201), some printed on thick paper and one on blue paper. Some foxing but mostly quite minor. Contemporary mottled sheep, flat spines gilt with two green morocco labels. Heads of two spines worn, but a nice set. £450 Fifth edition of Fourcroy's first major publication. It is a résumé of the course of seventy lectures that he gave each winter in his laboratory and contains a comprehensive account of all parts of continued...

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chemistry, including recent work on gases. Fourcroy also included sections concerned with the analysis of animal fluids and solids and their application to medicine. By the time of this edition Fourcroy had adopted Lavoisier's theories completely -- in the preliminary discourse to the second edition of 1786 he had renounced the phlogiston theory. Neville I, p. 467 (Smeaton's B issue). Partington III, p. 537.I. Smeaton, Fourcroy, pp. 8, 96­98 and 177­180; bibliography no. 6A. This issue has preliminary pages numbered to xxxii in vol. 1, with the correct catchword at the end.

45. FOURCROY, [Antoine François] de. Elementary Lectures on Chemistry and Natural History. Containing a methodical abridgement of all the chemical knowledge acquired to the present time; with a comparative view of the doctrine of Stahl, and of that of several modern chemists: the whole forming a complete course of those two sciences. Translated from the French...by Thomas Elliot. With many additions, notes, and illustrations, by the translator. Edinburgh: Printed for C. Elliot... 1785.

2 volumes, 8vo, pp. viii, xvii­xxviii, (29)­520; viii, (9)­496. Contemporary calf, flat spines gilt, red morocco labels (joints cracked but held firmly by the cords, heads and foot of one spine worn). Armorial bookplates of Alexander Trotter of Dreghorn. £400 FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH of Fourcroy's Leçons Élémentaires d'Histoire Naturelle et de Chimie (1782), translated by Thomas Elliot with numerous and in some cases quite extensive notes. This was Fourcroy's first major publication (see the previous item). Cole 463. Neville I, p. 469. Partington III, p. 537.IA. Smeaton, Fourcroy, pp. 8, 96­98 and 177­180; bibliography no. 9.

46. FOURCROY, [Antoine François] de. Elements of Chemistry, and Natural History. To which is prefixed The Philosophy of Chemistry. Translated from the fourth and last edition of the original French work, by R. Heron. London: Printed for J. Murray and S. Highley...and G. Mudie and Son, Edinburgh. 1796.

4 volumes, 8vo, with 10 folding letterpress tables in vol. 4 (no. IX bound in vol. 3), but lacking the contents leaves for vol. 1 and vol. 4 (see below). Contemporary calf mottled with green by C. Hering with his ticket, flat spines gilt with red morocco labels for titles and volume numbers, sides with double gilt fillet, inner gilt dentelles, marbled endpapers. Some surface loss on lower cover of vol. 3, a few other small abrasions, but a very attractive set. Engraved bookplate of William Downes on front pastedowns. £600 Fourth edition in English, Heron's second translation of Fourcroy's lectures on chemistry and natural history, but this time done from the fourth French edition with Fourcroy's final text (Heron's earlier translation of 1790 was from the third edition). To this edition Heron added notes, and a new translation of the Philosophie chimique. The contents leaves for vols. 1 and 4 were printed on different paper to the rest of the preliminaries, and were possibly an afterthought. At least one copy located by Cole also lacks the contents leaves for vol. 4. Cole 466. Neville I, pp. 467­478. Partington III, p. 537.IA. Smeaton, Fourcroy, pp. 8, 96­98 and 177­180; bibliography no. 13.

47. FOURCROY, [Antoine François] de. Mémoires et Observations de Chimie... Pour servir de suite aux Élemens de Chimie, publiés en 1782, par l'auteur. A Paris: Chez Cuchet, rue & hôtel Serpente. 1784.

8vo, pp. xvi, 447, (1), 3 engraved plates. Contemporary mottled sheep, spine gilt in compartments with red morocco label, red edges, marbled endpapers (ends of spine and tips of corners worn). Contemporary repair to blank upper corner of B8 and C8, some mild foxing. Signature of D. Plonquet on title. £450 continued...

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FIRST EDITION. A collection of 27 chemical memoirs, including many which were read to the Académie Royale des Sciences but not previously published. They begin with an interesting essay on the art of performing chemical research, which, according to Smeaton, could be read with profit by anyone starting chemical research today. The other memoirs include reports on the action of alkalis on iron salts, two papers on the analysis of marsh gas, accounts of the detonation of various substances with nitre, the preparation of pure alkalis, a new blowpipe using oxygen, and several compounds of antimony and arsenic. There are also discussions of various chemical theories, including combustion and calcination, the cause of deliquescence and efflorescence, and the representation of chemical affinity by numbers. Cole 468. Duveen p. 225. Partington III, p. 537.II. Smeaton, Fourcroy, pp. 31­33; bibliography no. 20, with a full list of the memoirs. This was the only French edition.

48. FRENCH, John. The Art of Distillation: or, a treatise of the choicest spagyrical preparations, experiments, and curiosities, performed by way of distillation. Together with the description of the choicest furnaces and vessels used by ancient and modern chymists. And the anatomy of gold and silver... To which is added in this fourth impression. Sublimation and Calcination: in two books. As also, The London-Distiller... London: Printed by E. Cotes for T. Williams... 1667.

2 parts in 1 volume, 4to, pp. (xvi), 250, (22), 1 leaf, pp. 43, (3). With 44 woodcuts of furnaces, stills, and other apparatus in the text, separate title-page to The London-Distiller. Margins of title browned from binding and fore-edge a little chipped, some other mild browning, pale dampstain on last few leaves. Contemporary blind-ruled sheep, nicely rebacked to match, red morocco label, generally a very good copy. Early signature on title of John Dorington; signature on rear free endpaper of Joseph Hedges, 1693, together with some MS notes. Armorial bookplate of Earl Fitzwilliam, later bookplates of Robert Honeyman and Norman Travis. £2600 "The fourth, final, and most complete edition of this classic work, augmented by the addition of books VII and VIII, `Of Sublimation' (pp. 215­234) and `Of Calcination' (pp. 235­250), respectively. `The Calcination of Metals' (pp. 242­250) covers gold, silver, copper, iron, lead, tin, and mercury" (Neville). This was a popular work on distilling, on chemical procedures, and on the application of chemistry to medicine. The woodcuts are the same as those in Glauber's Furni novi philosophici; Ferguson draws attention to similarities between the first English edition of Glauber and the present book, both published in the same year, and both the work of John French. Wing F2172. Duveen p. 231. Neville I, p. 484. Ferguson I, pp. 292­293. Simon, Bibliotheca Vinaria, p. 151.

Inoculation Firmly Established 49. FREWEN, Thomas. The Practice and Theory of Inoculation. With an account of its success. In a letter to a friend. London: Printed for S. Austen... 1749.

8vo, 2 leaves (half-title and title), pp. 3­61, (1), 1 leaf (blank). Contemporary pale calf, unlettered, double gilt rules on spine and sides. Short crack at top of upper joint, paper lightly browned, but fine and fresh copy. £600 SOLE EDITION. Inoculation was introduced in England in 1721 and became fashionable, but in about 1728 fell into abeyance, to be revived in America at Boston, and in Charleston by Kilpatrick. "In 1743 Kilpatrick came to London, and assisted by Dr. Frewen of Rye, a pupil of Boerhaave, carried out a large number of inoculations from arm to arm -- artificial small-pox derived from artificial small-pox, and in 1754 the College of Physicians declared in favour of the method" (Newman, The Rise of Preventive Medicine, p. 181). "Frewen became known as one of the first physicians in England to adopt the practice of inoculation with smallpox. In his essay entitled The Practice and Theory of Inoculation (1749), he recorded information about 350 patients, only one of whom died from the smallpox so induced. continued...

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The common sort of people, he said, were averse to inoculation, and `disputed about the lawfulness of propagating diseases' -- the very ground on which smallpox inoculation (but not vaccination) was made an offence in 1840. Frewen suggested that smallpox and many other diseases were propagated by means of animalcula hatched from eggs lodged in such places as the hairs and pores of human bodies" (ODNB).

Complete Set of the First Series 50. GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. Transactions of the Geological Society, established November 13, 1807. Volume the first [­Volume the fifth. Part the second]. London: Printed for the Society by William Phillips... 1811 [­1821].

5 volumes bound in 6, large 4to, more than 2500 pages, and 164 engraved plates, including 12 double-page or folding, 30 coloured, 5 printed in colour (one by James Sowerby), and 24 coloured and double-page or folding (6 of them geological maps). Contemporary calf, spines ruled in gilt with brown and green morocco labels, sides with double gilt fillet and (unidentified) arms in gilt, marbled edges and endpapers. Foxing (sometimes severe) and offsetting principally on the uncoloured plates, otherwise a fine set. £4800 FIRST EDITIONS. A compete set, in superb condition, of the first series of the Transactions of the Geological Society of London, "The year 1811 saw the start of that extremely important medium for the publication of geological researches in Britain: the serial volumes of the Geological Society of London which had been founded in 1807. The first series of the large quarto Transactions ran from 1811 to 1821, the second series from 1822 to 1856. After 1845 these were largely superseded by the Quarterly Journal...[which] has continued to the present day. "Various British [and some foreign] regions were described in the five volumes of the first series of the Transactions. We have selected the following: [15 important papers are then selected for mention]" (Challinor, The History of British Geology, pp. 90­91).

Best Early English Herbal 51. GERARDE, John. The Herball or General Historie of Plantes. Gathered by John Gerarde of London Master in Chirurgerie. Very much enlarged and Amended by Thomas Johnson Citizen and Apothecarye of London. London: Printed by Adam Islip, Joice Norton and Richard Whitakers, 1636.

Folio, 19 leaves, 1630 pages, 1 leaf of woodcuts, 23 leaves (indexes), 1 leaf (blank). Without the first blank leaf (as usual). Engraved title-page, woodcut initials and headpieces, and 2766 woodcuts in the text. Contemporary calf, rebacked (unlettered) and corners repaired, one corner bumped and a few small holes in the leather, but a fine, crisp and noisy copy of a book which is now frequently found in poor condition or incomplete. £4800 Third and most complete edition of this most popular and comprehensive of the early English herbals. See G&M 1820 (first edition of 1597). Gerarde's was "the best-known and most often quoted herbal in the English language. Its lasting repute is due not so much to its originality and accuracy, which are ofttimes questionable, as to its entertaining Elizabethan descriptive style, its interspersed anecdotes and comments, and antique remedies, and its woodcuts" (DSB). The apothecary Thomas Johnson was commissioned to revise Gerarde's original book within one year, a task he accomplished with marked success, adding a balanced and comprehensive historical introduction, and a set of 2766 woodcuts, several hundred more than previously. His revised edition appeared in 1633, and this third edition three years later. "The care bestowed by Johnson in correcting what Raven calls `the errors of Gerard's book, the misplaced pictures, the confused species, the blunders of fact' and in adding much new material made his edition...a

continued...

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popular and standard work, which proved of especial value in promoting the study of the British flora well into the eighteenth century" (DSB). On the front pastedown of this copy is written an early bookseller's guarantee: "March ye 17th 1669. sould this Gerards herball ffor four pounds which if yt there be any faults in it or it be imperfect i do promise to make It good Witness my hand Tho, Williams." The same holds true now. STC 11752. Raven, English naturalists from Neckam to Ray, 204­217. Arber, Herbals, 129­135. Henrey, I, 36­54. Nissen 698. Pritzel 3282. This was the last contemporary edition.

Large Paper Copy 52. GIFFARD, William. Cases in Midwifry. Revis'd and publish'd by Edward Hody. London: Printed for B. Motte...and T. Wotton... 1734.

4to, pp. xxxii, 520, 3 engraved plates (1 folding) by Andrew Motte, translator of Newton's Principia and brother of the printer Benjamin Motte. Contemporary calf, spine richly gilt in compartments (small repairs to spine and corners), new red morocco label. Title-page and last page and plate a little creased and soiled, but generally a fine and clean copy. Early inscription on front endpaper. £1900 FIRST EDITION, rare large paper copy. G&M 6156.3. "Giffard was one of the first, after the Chamberlens, to use the forceps, which he called an `extractor', the first case in which he used the instrument occurring on April 20th, 1726. This is the earliest record of the use of the forceps" (Spencer). His forceps, and Freke's improved version, are illustrated on the first plate, which is the earliest illustration of the forceps. Giffard's book contains reports of 225 cases, "carefully described, after the manner of Mauriceau and Smellie, and the work is of interest, not only for the early use of the forceps,...but also for his method of delivering the after-coming head in breech cases [the Smellie manoeuvre], which long preceded Smellie..." (Spencer). Giffard also described the Ritgen manoeuvre almost a century before Ritgen, and a case of ectopic gestation. The illustration on plate 2 is the first known example of this latter condition. Giffard is considered the first English obstetrician to publish substantial contributions to clinical midwifery. See Speert pp. 577­578; Spencer, The History of British Midwifery, pp. 18­22; and Radcliffe, Milestones in Midwifery, pp. 33­34. This book is usually found in octavo format, but a few copies are known printed on large paper in quarto format, as in the present copy. However, this copy in gathered in 4s, whereas other large paper copies seen have been gathered in 8s, as the octavo is. The collation for both is the same, but in this issue the name of J. Nourse is omitted from the imprint. All three plates are normally folding, but in this copy only one is, on account of the larger format.

53. GRANDI, Eustachio. Elementi della Geometria Piana e Solida e della Trigonometria. Opera postuma. In Bologna: Nella Stamperia di Lelio dalla Volpe. 1755.

4to, pp. (x), 181, (1), (2) blank, 19 folding engraved plates. Half-title, engraved vignette on title and at head of p. 1. Contemporary mottled sheep, flat spine gilt, brown morocco label, a fine and attractive copy. Signature of Francesco Paulucci on verso of half-title. £550 FIRST EDITION. Manfredi (1674­1739), the most distinguished member of the well-known family of mathematicians, was professor of mathematics at the University of Bologna and a founder of the Institute of Bologna. A member of many scientific societies, including the Royal Society of London, Manfredi is particularly known for his elaborate ephemerides and for his general works on astronomy. The present book, which is the only mathematical work of Manfredi mentioned by Smith, is a textbook of geometry. Smith, History of Mathematics, I, p. 512.

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54. GRANDI, Guido. Instituzioni Meccaniche Trattato. In Venezia: Presso Gio: Battista Recurti. 1750.

8vo, pp. viii, 160, and 20 folding and stilted engraved plates with numerous figures. Title printed in red and black with woodcut vignette. Some light foxing. Contemporary vellum (lower cover slightly warped). £900 Second edition (with the same collation as the first of 1739) of Grandi's treatise on mechanics, which stemmed from his contributions to the collected works of Galileo. The ten chapters are on uniform movement, the movement of any kind of force, the centre of gravity, motion composed of more uniform motion, and machines that facilitate motion. These are followed by two chapters on accelerated and retarded motions, and finally percussion, the pendulum, and the resistance of solids. See Roberts & Trent, Bibliotheca mechanica, p. 144 (1739 edition).

First Original English Work on Chiropody 55. GUTHERY, Andrew. A Treatise on the Origin, Nature, & Treatment of Corns, and those affections of the joints and toes, termed Bunyons. London: Printed for the author, by J. Barfield... 1809.

Small 8vo, 52 pages. Full green morocco by Sangorski & Sutcliffe. Bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody (see below). £800 FIRST EDITION. "The first original English work [on chiropody] was by Andrew Guthery (fl. 1790)... It is a modest treatise of 52 pages, but down to earth and very practical. Guthery claimed that he held an appointment to King George II" (J.C. Dagnall, "The history of chiropodial literature", in The Chiropodist, 1965). Guthery signs himself on the title-page "Chirurgo-podist to the Royal Family." Guthery's book is extremely rare. It was printed at his own expence, and sold with or without his medicines from his house in Golden Square. Only one copy is located by COPAC, in the Wellcome Library (with a collation of 47+1 pages).

Chlorine as a Disinfectant 56. GUYTON DE MORVEAU, Louis Bernard. Traité des Moyens de Désinfecter l'Air, de prévenir la contagion, et d'en arrêter les progrès. A Paris: Chez Bernard... An IX. -- 1801.

8vo, pp. xxxii, 304. Without any advertisements (see below). Contemporary calf, spine with gilt centres and red morocco label, marbled endpapers. Some very minor foxing, a few small marks and scuffs on the binding, but a very good copy. Signature of Auguste Blandin on the verso of the half-title. £450 FIRST EDITION. Guyton did important pioneering research on the disinfection of air, having been consulted about the problem of putrid emanations from corpses in the crypt of a church in Dijon. Believing that the decaying flesh gave off both ammonia and the disease-carrying particles, he first used hydrochloric acid fumes, while in England Sir James Carmichael Smyth independently used nitric acid fumes. Guyton subsequently made the investigations described in this book, and then used chlorine, which he found to be an effective disinfectant. A simple apparatus for producing chlorine from common salt was also described in this book, which was translated into five languages. For this service to humanity he was admitted to the Legion of Honour in 1805, while in England Smyth was awarded a grant of £5000. DSB V, p. 603. Cole 573. Duveen p. 276. Neville I, pp. 562­563. The collation of this copy agrees with Cole (the author's copy), and does not have any advertisements at the end; some copies (e.g. Neville) have 306 pages, the extra leaf being a singleton, V1, advertising Guyton's continued...

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books, while others (e.g. Duveen and Wellcome) have 304 pages and an additional 8 pages of adverts at the end.

57. HALES, Rev. Stephen. Haemastatique, ou la statique des animaux: expériences hydrauliques faites sur des animaux vivants. Avec un Recueil de quelques Expériences sur les pierres que l'on trouve dans les reins et dans la vessie; et des recherches sur la nature de ces concrétions irréguliéres. Ouvrage très utile aux médecins; traduit de l'Anglois, & augmenté de plusieurs remarques et de deux dissertations de médecine, sur la théorie de l'inflammation, et sur la cause de la fievre; par Mr. De Sauvages. A Geneve: Chez les Hérit. Cramer et Fréres Philibert, 1744.

4to, pp. xxiii, (ii) blank, 348, 1 woodcut plate. Woodcut head- and tailpieces and initials. Contemporary mottled calf, spine gilt in compartments (small repairs to ends of spine and tips of corners), red edges, marbled endpapers. £750 FIRST EDITION IN FRENCH of Hales' classic work on blood pressure, by which he became one of the founders of modern experimental physiology, and the inventor of the manometer. "His work is the greatest single contribution to our knowledge of the vascular system after Harvey, and led to the development of the blood-pressure measuring instruments now in universal use" (G&M). The translation was by the physician and botanist Fran ois Boissier de Sauvages. See G&M 765 and Printing and the Mind of Man 189(b) for the original English edition of 1733. Willius & Keys, Cardiac Classics, pp. 127­155. Neville I, p. 578.

58. HALES, Rev. Stephen. Philosophical Experiments: containing useful, and necessary instructions for such as undertake long voyages at sea. Shewing how sea-water may be made fresh and wholesome: and how fresh-water may be preserv'd sweet. How biscuit, corn, &c. may be secured from the weevel, meggots, and other insects. And flesh preserv'd in hot climates, by salting animals whole. To which is added, an account of several experiments and observations on Chalybeate or steel-waters... Likewise a proposal for cleansing away mud, &c. out of rivers, harbours, and reservoirs. Which were read before the Royal-Society, at several of their meetings. London: Printed for W. Innys and R. Manby...and T. Woodward... 1739.

8vo, 2 leaves, pp. xxx, 1 leaf (errata), pp. 163, 4 leaves (index and advertisement leaf), 1 engraved plate. Half-title. Contemporary speckled calf, spine ruled in gilt and with gilt centres, red morocco label, double gilt fillet on sides. Short crack at foot of lower joint, but a fine copy. Armorial bookplate of Ragley Hall. £750 FIRST EDITION. The experiments that Hales describes in this book are principally concerned with the health and welfare of sailors, and how the food and water on a ship, which on a long voyage were notoriously bad, may be preserved in an edible state. Hales also published a proposal for improving the ventilation on board ships. Neville I, p. 576.

The Circulation of the Blood 59. HARVEY, William. The Anatomical Exercises...Concerning the Motion of the Heart and Blood. With the preface of Zachariah Wood... To which is added, Dr. James de Back, his discourse of the heart. London: Printed for Richard Lowndes...and Math. Gilliflower... 1673.

8vo, pp. (xxiv), 107, (20), 172. Old library stamp on title, paper very slightly browned in the margins, otherwise a clean copy. Contemporary sheep, neatly rebacked and corners repaired, endpapers replaced but retaining the two original free endpapers. £4500 continued...

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63 Jenner, the third work in the volume

Second edition in English of the De motu cordis, generally acknowledged as the most important book in the history of medicine, in which Harvey demonstrated his experimental proof of the circulation of the blood. It should also be regarded as "the first record of a complete biological investigation, giving a clear and accurate description of the methods employed to recognise the laws governing an important vital process, a knowledge of which had till then been befogged by mistaken conceptions..." (H.P. Bayon in Keynes). See G&M 759, Printing and the Mind of Man 127, etc. (first edition of 1628). Wing H1084. Keynes, Bibliography, 20. Russell, British anatomy, 369.

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60. HOME, Francis. The Principles of Agriculture and Vegetation. The third edition, with additions. London: Printed for A. Millar... And A. Kincaid and J. Bell, at Edinburgh. 1762.

8vo, pp. viii, 207. Small stain on D7­8, otherwise a very good copy. Modern quarter calf antique. £280 Third edition of a milestone in the history of chemical and agricultural literature, being "the first book devoted exclusively to explaining the principles underlying agriculture from a chemical standpoint" (Neville). Home insisted that a knowledge of chemistry was essential for understanding the principles of agriculture, and was the first person to attempt to establish a rational system of agriculture and plant nutrition. He thus "laid the foundation on which modern agricultural science is based" (Fussell). Home was a Scottish physician whose interests extended beyond medicine (he also published an important book on bleaching). Neville I, p. 654 (first and second editions). Fussell, Old English Farming Books, 36. Browne, A Source Book of Agricultural Chemistry, pp. 117­126: "The editio princeps of all subsequent works on agricultural chemistry."

First Modern Book on Dentition 61. HURLOCK, Joseph. A practical treatise upon dentition; or, the breeding of the teeth in children: wherein the causes of the acute symptoms arising in that dangerous period are enquired into... London: printed for the author,... 1742.

8vo, pp. xxiv, 285, 3 leaves. Contemporary mottled calf (upper joint and ends of spine neatly restored), red morocco label on spine. A very fine, fresh copy. Presentation copy from the author's son, inscribed on the front endpaper "To Sir William Bishop from the Author's Son Peter Hurlock", and with the signature of William Bishop of Maidstone on the title. £6800 FIRST EDITION. G&M 3672. The first book on dentition of modern times (that is, since Hippocrates), and only the second book in English on dentistry (the first was Charles Allen's The operator for the teeth, 1685, of which Wing records 4 copies of 3 editions). "As far as English dental literature is concerned, it began with Joseph Hurlock in 1742. Hurlock was a strong advocate of lancing the gums of infants to permit teeth to erupt more readily and thus prevent convulsions. His treatise was a plea for parents and nurses to allow him to carry out this procedure. Hurlock apparently was a keen observer of dental conditions then found in children, noticing that the havoc wrought by caries in the deciduous teeth was undoubtedly due to diet, and recommended that such youngsters be sent to the country where fresh air and better food could be obtained" (Weinberger, Introduction to the history of dentistry, p. 330). Still, History of paediatrics, pp. 360­364. While reasonably widely held in institutional libraries, Hurlock's book is one of the great rarities of dental literature, and copies very seldom appear for sale.

62. HUTCHINSON, Jonathan. Illustrations of Clinical Surgery consisting of plates, photographs, woodcuts, diagrams, etc. illustrating surgical diseases, symptoms and accidents, also operative and other methods of treatment. With descriptive letterpress. London: J. & A. Churchill... 1878 [­1888].

2 volumes, folio, 3 leaves, pp. (5)­244; 1 leaf, pp. 167, and 93 lithographed plates (mostly coloured), with other illustrations in the text. The two unpaginated leaves (pp. 25­28) in volume 1 misbound before p. 19, faint dampstain in margins of first and last plates in vol. 2, some light dust-soiling and foxing, a few very short marginal tears. Modern red half morocco. £2200 FIRST EDITION. G&M 4067, his classical description of cheiropompholyx dysidrosis ("Hutchinson's disease"), contained in this fine atlas of clinical conditions. It also includes on p.42 the first description and illustration of sarcoidosis, and in volume 2 illustrations of the notched incisors ("Hutchinson's teeth") symptomatic of congenital syphilis (see G&M 2386). Much of the first volume continued...

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is devoted to injuries of the head. Hutchinson was a remarkable figure, a leading authority on dermatology, ophthalmology, syphilis, and to a certain extent neurology, and has been called the greatest general practitioner in Europe.

All of Jenner's Separate Publications on Clinical Vaccination 63. JENNER, Edward. [1] An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolae Vaccinae, a disease discovered in some of the western counties of England, particularly Gloucestershire, and known by the name of the Cow Pox. The third edition. London: Printed for the author, by D.N. Shury... 1801. [Bound with:] [2] PAYTHERUS, Thomas. A Comparative Statement of Facts and Observations relative to the Cow Pox. The second edition. London: Printed for the author, by D.N. Shury... 1801. [And:] [3] JENNER, Edward. On the Varieties and Modifications of The Vaccine Pustule, occasioned by an herpetic state of the skin. Cheltenham: Printed by H. Ruff, HighStreet. 1806. [And:] [4] JENNER, Edward. Facts, for the most part unobserved, or not duly noticed, respecting variolous contagion. London: Printed by S. Gosnell... 1808. [And:] [5] Report from the Vaccine Establishment: 1811. Ordered, by the House of Commons, to be printed, 17 May 1811. [And:] [6] RING, John. A Translation of Anstey's Ode to Jenner: to which are added, two tables; one shewing the advantages of vaccine inoculation, the other containing instructions for the practice. London: Printed for J. Murray... 1804.

6 works in 1 volume, 4to, bound in contemporary tree sheep, spine gilt, the upper cover slightly scuffed and neatly repaired. Some browning or foxing, but essentially fine and fresh copies. £12,500 This wonderful collection includes all of Jenner's separate publications on clinical vaccination (excepting two pieces consisting of one leaf only). The work by Paytherus is the only book on vaccination not by Jenner to be given a full entry by Lefanu. They were presumably collected together by William Blair (1766­1822), a surgeon in London and supporter of vaccination, since two of the items are inscribed to him, one by Jenner himself. [1] Third and last edition of the Inquiry to be printed for the author. See G&M 5423: the discovery of vaccination and the foundation of modern immunology. This edition is desirable for containing the Further Observations on the Variolae Vaccinae and the Continuation of the Facts and Observations relative to the Variolae Vaccinae, which appeared separately in 1799 and 1800 respectively. In the Further Observations Jenner included facts which had come to light since the publication of the Inquiry, in particular the difference between true and spurious cowpox. He also warned against taking the vaccine matter too late (this was confirmed a century later when it was shown that viruses have a maximal period of multiplication). The Continuation was a vindication of his conclusions against William Woodville's ambivalent evidence. Pp. vii, 182, 4 hand-coloured stipple-engraved plates. See also PMM 250; Lilly, Notable Medical Books, 151, Grolier One Hundred (Medicine), 53, etc. LeFanu 25. [2] Second, enlarged edition of Paytherus's pamphlet issued in support of Jenner in his controversy with William Woodville. Pp. viii, 59, hand-coloured engraved plate bound before the title. LeFanu 62. [3] First separate edition, second issue. "This important statement contained his first public recognition of failures of vaccination. He also advocated re-inoculation... He now wrote that herpetic affections which are evidently contagious often prevent the vaccine virus from producing its correct action..." (LeFanu 98). 13 pages. INSCRIBED BY JENNER on the title to "Mr. Blair with the authors bes[t] regards". [4] First edition. "Jenner returned to the defence of his proposal to revaccinate, in cases where the first vaccination failed..." (LeFanu 103). 15 pages. Without an additional leaf published the following year. Inscribed on the title "W Blai[r] From the A[uthor] Nov. 21, 1[808(?)] (cropped as indicated). With a correction and note in manuscript on p. 15. continued...

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[5] Folio (the lower edges folded in), pp. 7, (1). [6] First edition. Includes a page on the advantages of vaccination, and instructions for carrying it out. 17 pages, 1 leaf (advertisements). Christopher Anstey's poem is LeFanu II, 16.

64. KLAPROTH, Martin Heinrich, and Friedrich Benjamin WOLFF. Dictionnaire de Chimie. Traduit de l'allemand, avec des notes, par E.J.B. Bouillon-Lagrange...et par H.A. Vogel... A Paris: Chez Klostermann fils... 1810 [­1811].

4 volumes, 8vo, pp. viii, 494, engraved frontispiece portrait and 7 engraved plates; 2 leaves, 542 pages; 2 leaves, 512 pages, 1 engraved plate; 2 leaves, 569 pages. Half-titles. Some foxing, mostly very mild. Contemporary marbled boards and sheep spines, spines ruled and lettered in gilt (upper joint of vol. 4 cracked and head of spine worn, very slight chips in heads of two other spines). Purchase note of Ferdinand Negri on half-title of vol. 1, with note that the book contains interesting articles on arts and trades; bookplates of Franz Sondheimer. £600 FIRST EDITION IN FRENCH of "the first German chemical dictionary" (Sotheran, Second Supp., 11215), originally published in Berlin in 1807­1810. "Klaproth was the foremost supporter of Lavoisier's antiphlogistic theory in Germany, and in addition to his classic researches in analytical chemistry, he wrote an excellent chemical dictionary... The translators added valuable notes and state in their preface that all the important advances in chemistry since the beginnings of the science have been included. Detailed quantitative analytical data on chemical compounds and minerals, as well as the latest theories, are presented" (Neville). Cole 729. Neville I, p. 732.

65. KNIGHT, Godwin. An Attempt to demonstrate, that all the Phoenomena in Nature may be explained by Two Simple Active Principles, Attraction and Repulsion: wherein the attractions of cohesion, gravity, and magnetism, are shewn to be one and the same; and the phoenomena of the latter are more particularly explained. London: Printed in the Year 1748.

4to, 1 leaf, 95 pages. One woodcut on p. 66. Slight foxing on the first two leaves, pale dampstain in margins of signature F. Contemporary red half morocco, marbled sides (a little rubbed), small gilt ex libris on upper cover. £1800 FIRST EDITION. "In the early nineteenth century, there were a number of points of view which could provide the chemist with guidelines worth following. There was, first of all, an English tradition in chemistry which could be traced back to the patron saint of English science, Sir Isaac Newton. It took Newton's work on force and raised it to the level of a universal science. The classic example in the eighteenth century is Godwin Knight's An Attempt... "But Knight's work was relatively crude... A more subtle solution to the problem of complexity and of the nature of matter was provided by the Jesuit Rudjer Boskovic...in 1758. Like Knight, Boskovic dismissed the reality of matter and substituted forces but, unlike Knight, was able to combine the forces of attraction and repulsion in one `atom'..." (from a long discussion of this book by L. Pearce Williams in DSB, 4, pp. 529­530). Knight's starting point was a suggestion by Newton in the Opticks. He sought to explain all natural phaenomena, such as light, heat, heat, magnetism, as being composed of attractive and repulsive particles which cluster in individual ways. "For this Newtonian text he also drew on his own experiments and on continental research into metallurgy and mining" (ODNB). Ekelöf 311. Wheeler Gift 350. A second edition appeared in 1754. Knight was the first to make powerful magnets; he was also a practising physician, and principal librarian to the newly founded British Museum.

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66. LA MÉTHERIE, [Jean Claude] de. Essai Analytique sur l'Air pur, et les différentes Espèces d'Air. A Paris: Rue et Hotel Serpente, 1785.

8vo, 3 leaves, pp. 474, (2) approbation. Several gatherings printed on pale blue paper, cancel leaves C2 and P2 bound after Gg3 (the original leaves are uncancelled and still in place). Contemporary sheep-backed boards, spine ruled in gilt and with brown morocco label. Small wormhole in upper joint and some small wormholes in margins of last few leaves and endpapers, otherwise a very good copy. Old library stamp and prize inscription to one Cassé with his signature and a Revolutionary date on front endpapers. £800 FIRST EDITION. La Métherie (1743­1817), an inveterate opponent of Lavoisier's theories, was chief editor of the famous Journal de Physique from 1785 until the year of his death. He wrote a number of important works on mineralogy and was a friend to many of the leading scientists of his time, especially Cuvier. In this work, La Métherie stated that "all combustibles (including perhaps diamond) contain inflammable air, which he identified with phlogiston and thought it is contained in metals... He called oxygen `pure air' and nitrogen (phlogisticated air) `impure air'. Pure air consists of vesicles inflated by the principle of heat. Nitrous air (nitrous oxide) is a compound of nitric acid and inflammable air or phlogiston. Fixed air, which he called `acid air', can be converted into phlogisticated air or into pure air" (Partington, III, pp. 494­495). Cole 742: "The book is a survey of existing information concerning various kinds of airs and the experiments and discoveries of Lavoisier, Priestley, Scheele and others." D.S.B., VII, pp. 602­604. Duveen p. 335. Neville II, pp. 5­6.

67. LAFOREST, [Nicholas-Laurent]. L'art de Soigner les Pieds, contenant un traité sur les Cors, Verrues, Durillons, Oignons, Engelures, les accidens des Ongles & leur difformité. A Paris: Chez l'Auteur... [&] Blaizot..., 1781.

12mo, 2 leaves, pp. 139, (3), (2) blank. Half-title. Contemporary mottled calf, spine gilt, red morocco label, red edges, marbled endpapers, fine copy. Bookplates of Walter Seelig and J. Colin Dagnall, the historians of chiropody (see below). £450 FIRST EDITION. The first influential book on chiropody. "It was a good book, well written and containing much based on original observation, as opposed to the few previous references in medical books which simply passed on the views of earlier writers... Laforest laid the foundations of chiropodial writing, and his basic principles on the cause and treatment of corns, bursitis and onychocryptosis hold true today. He is credited by some medical historians (Valentin, Geschichte der Orthopädie), as being the first to describe, and certainly to illustrate [in the second edition], the condition of hallux valgus. Bick considers that his book ranks with the work of Peter Camper (1722­1789) in laying the foundations of foot orthopaedics" (J.C. Dagnall, "The history of chiropodial literature", in The Chiropodist, 1965. Laforest practised as a chirurgien-pédicure and held the appointment to Louis XVI. His book, perhaps based on Rousselot since Laforest bought his clinical notes, was translated into German, Danish and Italian.

68. LAFOREST, [Nicholas-Laurent]. L'Art de Soigner les Pieds, contenant: un traité sur les cors, verrues, durillons, oignons, engelures, les accidens des ongles & leur difformité. Nouvelle édition, augmentée d'un chapitre sur la manière de soigner les pieds des soldats en garnison & dans les mouvemens... Paris: Chez l'Auteur...Méquignon l'aîné... [&] Blaizot..., 1782.

12mo, pp. xvi, 192, (4), 2 folding engraved plates. Contemporary mottled calf, flat spine gilt with red morocco label (neat repairs to ends of spine), red edges, marbled endpapers. Some minor soiling but a very good copy. Bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody. £550 continued...

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Second edition, but the first illustrated, of the previous item, with two plates, one the first depiction of chiropodial instruments, the other of foot conditions, including hallux valgus. This edition is also enlarged by 60 pages, and included the first military application of chiropody (for the care of soldiers' feet), and the first illustration of chiropodial instruments. This issue has the earlier uncancelled state of the title-page and Laforest's address as "rue Croix-des-Petits-Champs, Maison de M. Bourdet" (see Wellcome).

69. LAFOREST, [Nicholas-Laurent]. L'Art de Soigner les Pieds, contenant: un traité sur les cors, verrues, durillons, oignons, engelures, les accidens des ongles & leur difformité. Un chapitre sur la manière de soigner les pieds des soldats en garnison & dans les mouvemens... Troisième édition. A Paris: Chez l'Auteur...Méquignon l'aîné... [&] Blaizot..., 1788.

12mo, pp. xvi, 192, and 2 folding engraved plates. Contemporary mottled calf, rebacked preserving the original gilt backstrip with green morocco label, tips of corners repaired, triple gilt fillet on sides. marbled edges and endpapers. Bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody. £275 Third and final edition of the previous item, with two plates of chiropodial instruments and of foot conditions, including hallux valgus.

The Evidence for Leibnitz 70. LEIBNITZ, Gottfried Wilhelm, and Johann BERNOULLI. Commercium Philosophicum et Mathematicum. Tomus primus, ab anno 1694 ad annum 1699 [­Tomus secundus, ab anno 1700. ad annum 1716]. Lausannæ & Genevæ: Sumpt. Marci-Michaelis Bousquet & Socior. 1745.

2 volumes, 4to, pp. (iv), xxviii, 484, engraved frontispiece portrait of Leibnitz and 15 folding engraved plates; 1 leaf, pp, 492, 8 plates. Titles printed in red and black with engraved vignettes, foot of portrait folded in. Plates IX­XII misbound in vol. 2, a few gatherings in vol. 2 lightly browned, some small ink stains on p. 131 of vol. 2. Original Dutch speckled boards and red sheep spines, uncut. Edges of boards a little rubbed, spines a little rubbed and with minor wear to head of vol. 1, otherwise a nice set. £3200 FIRST EDITION. "Important for containing the evidence, as embodied in the correspondence between Leibnitz and Jean Bernoulli, on the question of the rival claims to priority in the invention of the calculus, between Newton and Leibnitz. It was the only serious claim published in Leibnitz's favor, and was a tardy answer to the Commercium Epistolicum, which gave the evidence in Newton's favor" (Babson 196). Wallis 259. Gray 259. Ravier, Bibliographie...de Leibniz, 427. This copy has the portrait of Leibnitz, which is found only in a minority of copies.

71. LEMERY, Nicolas. A Course of Chymistry, containing an easie Method of Preparing those Chymical Medicins which are used in Physick. With Curious Remarks and Useful Discourses upon each Preparation, for the benefit of such who desire to be instructed in the Knowledge of this Art. The third edition, translated from the eighth edition in the French, which is very much enlarged beyond any of the former. London: Printed by R.N. for Walter Kettilby... 1698.

8vo, 12 leaves, 815 pages, 8 leaves, 6 woodcut plates each with a page of explanation (together on 7 leaves), 3 leaves of chemical symbols. Title within ruled border, full-page woodcut illustration on Zz1 recto (verso blank). Contemporary calf panelled in blind (small hole in leather of upper cover), no free endpapers. A few stains on first leaves, several ink stains in margins of last 10 leaves and a blank corner missing, dampstain in last 40 leaves, but the text otherwise quite clean. continued...

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Early signature of Humphrey Bussel at top of title and on rear endpaper, MS ex libris of T. Yonge 1753 and front pastedown, and signatures of James Yonge 1772. £650 Third edition in English. "The first English edition to be edited by the physician James Keill, M.D. (1673­1719), based on the eighth French edition (Paris, 1697). The text follows the Walter Harris translation closely but with the addition of much later material. This edition contains a `really extensive account (pp. 684­732) of phosphorous, as well as Homberg's, the Bolognian and the Balduinian phosphors' (E.N. Harvey)" (Neville). It also gives the first account in English of current theories of acids and alkalis (Musson & Robinson, Science and Technology in the Industrial Revolution, p. 33). Lemery (1645­1715), one of the most influential chemists of his time, gave lectures in Paris on the principles of chemistry which were known for being clear and simple. The present work is the textbook of his course of lectures. It enjoyed unprecedented success and went through many editions in French, English, Italian, German, Spanish, Dutch, Latin, etc. Keill had attended Lemery's lectures, and in his preface he gives a day-to-day syllabus of the thirty-four day course. Wing L1040. Cole 807. DSB, VIII, pp. 172­175. Neville, II, p. 44­45. Partington, III, pp. 28­41.

72. LIEBIG, Justus von. Researches on the Motion of the Juices of the Animal Body. Edited from the manuscript of the author, by William Gregory, M.D. London: Printed for Taylor and Walton,... 1848.

8vo, pp. xiv, 109, (1), (2)adverts. Half-title, additional 16 pages of publisher's adverts dated March 1848 inserted at the end. Original brown blind-stamped cloth, neatly rebacked to match, uncut. Early signature on title of B. Musgrave; later bookplate of Harold N. Segall. £200 FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH. In this contribution to physiological chemistry, Liebig "made a careful study of osmosis and the permeability of membranes" (Partington, IV, p. 316), and their importance for the normal vital process.

73. LINGUET, [Simon Nicolas Henri]. Réflexions sur la Lumière, ou conjectures sur la part qu'elle a au mouvement des corps célestes. A Londres [but probably Paris]: Chez Thomas Spilsbury, Snow-hill. 1784.

8vo, 1 leaf, pp. (3)­134. Without the final blank I4. Modern quarter sheep and marbled boards, original stab-holes in inner margins, a fine copy. £900 FIRST EDITION of this polemic against Newton and his optical theories. Conceived, if not actually written, during a two-year stay in the Bastille, "it is full of interesting reflexions on contemporary theories of light and, in Chapter IV, of gravitation" (Sotheran, First Supp., 3436). Linguet, a lawyer, was guillotined during the Terror. This first edition is rare: the Biographie Générale lists Linguet's numerous publications, but gives the date of the reprint of 1787 for this book, as does Sotheran. It is not in Babson or Wallis. ESTC locates 7 copies, none of them in Britain.

74. LION, Heyman, Chiropedist. An Entire, New, and Original Work; being a Complete Treatise upon Spinæ Pedum; containing several important discoveries. Illustrated with copperplates; exhibiting the different species of spinæ. Edinburgh: Printed by H. Inglis, for the author... 1802.

8vo, pp. xiv, (15)­428, and 5 engraved plates (the last bound as a frontispiece). Later half calf. Foxing on the last two plates, otherwise a very good copy. Bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody (see below). £850 continued...

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Probably the first illustration in a printed book of a chiropodist at work, items 74 and 75

FIRST EDITION, first issue, of the first original British work on chiropody. Disappointed at being refused a medical degree, Lion, a German Jewish émigré, sat down to write this book. "His odd and arrogant writing led to the book being generally derided by the lay and professional press. In fact it is first class and was based completely on his personal experiences and observations. Stripped of its padding it can be seen to be a great improvement on Laforest's book... The greatest praise we can give to Lion's book is to say that every chiropodial writer since has used and borrowed from Upon Spinæ Pedum" (J.C. Dagnall, "The history of chiropodial literature", in The Chiropodist, 1965). This issue has the first paragraph of the preface, omitted in the second issue. Although COPAC locates a dozen copies in the British Isles, this book is rarely seen for sale (Mr. Dagnall noted in 1973 that he had seen only 3 copies in 25 years).

75. LION, Heyman, Chiropedist. An Entire, New, and Original Work; being a Complete Treatise upon Spinæ Pedum; containing several important discoveries. Illustrated with copperplates; exhibiting the different species of spinæ. Edinburgh: Printed by H. Inglis, for the author... 1802.

continued...

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8vo, pp. xiv, (15)­428, and 5 engraved plates (plate IV coloured, as in some other copies). Later half calf by Sangorski & Sutcliffe, uncut edges. Pale foxing of the paper throughout, otherwise a very good copy. Bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody. £750 FIRST EDITION, second issue, of the previous item. This issue omits the first paragraph of the preface, in which Lion admits to diffidence and anxiety of the work's approbation.

"Chiropody" 76. LOW, D., Chiropodist. Chiropodologia, or, A Scientific Enquiry into the causes of Corns, Warts, Onions, and other painful or offensive cutaneous excrescences: with a detail of the most successful methods of removing all deformities of the nails; and of preserving, or restoring, to the feet and hands their natural soundness and beauty... London: Printed by J. Rozea... [1785].

8vo, pp. viii, (v)-xii, (13)-140. Two ink deletions in address in imprint and on p. 140, possibly by the author. Paper somewhat browned, dampstain in upper margin of some leaves. Modern calf by Sangorski & Sutcliffe, uncut edges. Inscription on half-title, small name stamp on title, bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody (see below). £2200 FIRST EDITION of the first English book on chiropody, a term coined by Low. This is, however, a translation without acknowledgement of Laforest's L'Art de soigner les pieds, 1781, the second author to publish a monograph on the care of the feet. Low was a London corn-cutter, who had Laforest's book translated and published as his original work. The deception was not detected until recently, and his book was well received, and influenced other writers for the next hundred years. It is extremely rare. See J.C. Dagnall, "The history of chiropodial literature", in The Chiropodist, 1965 (illustrating the title-page of this copy).

One of the Most Important Texts in the History of Physiology 77. LOWER, Richard. Tractatus de Corde. Item de motu & colore sanguinis et chyli in eum transitu. Londini: Typis Jo. Redmayne impensis Jacobi Allestry... 1669.

8vo, 8 leaves, pp. 220, (20), 7 folding engraved plates. Complete with the initial blank A1. Contemporary French speckled calf, gilt arms on sides (see below), very neatly rebacked preserving the original spine. £22,500 FIRST EDITION, second issue (see below) of "the most important contribution to circulatory physiology after William Harvey's De motu cordis, published three years before Lower's birth. Nobel Laureate André Cournand considered Lower's book to be one of the most important texts in the history of physiology because of the nature of its observations, the rigor of its experimental design and demonstrations, and its simple and convincing form of presentation... "Lower entered medical practice in London in 1666 and continued experiments he had begun in Oxford on the motion and color of the blood and on transfusion. His observations on these subjects were summarized in Tractatus de corde. "Lower made important observations on the structure of cardiac muscle, the quantity of blood in the vascular system, the velocity of blood flow, and the effects of aeration of blood as it passed through the lungs. He was impressed by the complex arrangement of muscular fibers in the heart and felt their unique arrangement was responsible for the contraction of the ventricular cavities in systole that propelled blood into the vascular system. In a series of experiments performed with Robert Hooke, Lower showed that the red color of arterial blood was due to its contact with `fresh air' in the lungs. His book also contained observations on the technique and safety of blood transfusion, a technique he pioneered" (W. Bruce Fye in Grolier One Hundred (Medicine). There are two issues: in the second issue, the original leaf A6 has been replaced by a cancellans in order (according to John F. Fulton) to "modify (very slightly) a scurrilous remark... concerning the Irishman O'Meara" (ibid). continued...

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Provenance: arms on the covers of Daniel Huet (1630­1720), Bishop of Avranches and celebrated anti-Cartesian; engraved bookplate with his arms commemorating his living donation of his library in 1692 to the Jesuit order in Paris on front pastedown; donation inscription confirming the same on the title; manuscript and printed shelfmarks. Huet was a celebrated scholar and author, whose library of books and manuscripts was later purchased by the King for the Royal Library. Wing L33120. G&M 761. Printing and the Mind of Man 149. Grolier One Hundred (Medicine) 34. Fulton, Two Oxford Physiologists, 4.

78. MACQUER, [Pierre Joseph]. Elemens de Chymie-Pratique, contenant la description des opérations fondamentales de la chymie, avec des explications & des remarques sur chaque opération. A Paris: Chez Jean-Thomas Herissant,... 1751.

2 volumes, 12mo, 2 leaves, pp. xvi, (viii), 517, (3) blank; (xvi), 574, (2) blank. Engraved vignette on titles. Contemporary (German?) half vellum, marbled paper sides, a fine set. £550 FIRST EDITION, written to accompany the author's Élémens de chymie théorique (1749) and form a complete course of practical chemistry for beginners. "It presents the operations of chemistry as applied to mineral, vegetable and animal substances and is, as well, an extensive account of compound substances" (Cole). A reprint was done in the same year but with different pagination. Cole 881. Duveen p. 376 (with error in pagination noted by Cole). Neville p. 119. Partington III, p. 80.

79. MACQUER, [Pierre Joseph]. Elemens de Chymie-Pratique contenant la description des opérations fondamentales de la chymie, avec des explications & des remarques sur chaque opération. A Paris: Chez Jean-Thomas Herissant,... 1751. [And:] Elemens de Chymie Theorique. A Paris: Chez Jean-Thomas Herissant,... 1751.

2 works in 3 volumes (the first is in 2 volumes), 12mo, 2 leaves, pp. xii, (viii), 458 [i.e. 438], (2) blank; (xvi), 468; xx [i.e. xviii], (ii), 263, (17), 4 folding engraved plates. Half-titles. A few gatherings lightly browned, paper flaw in S2 of vol. 1 without loss, also in lower margin of Kk6, and in Kk1 where the corner of the sheet is missing with loss of some 20 words or parts of words. Contemporary mottled sheep, spines gilt in compartments with two red morocco labels (numbered I­III), marbled endpapers, red edges (head of two spines and tail of one spine a little chipped), a nice set. £450 Reprints of the first editions (1751 and 1749 respectively) of the two works which together formed a complete course of practical chemistry for beginners. They superseded the textbooks of Lemery and Senac. Cole 882 (the Pratique). Cole does not list this reprint of the Theorique, but this copy is almost certainly the copy in "a private collection in England" noted in 884. Neville pp. 119 and 120 respectively (also in matching bindings and describing both as very rare).

80. MARIOTTE, [Edmé]. Oeuvres... Comprenant tous les Traitez de cet auteur, tant ceux qui avoient déja paru séparément, que ceux qui n'avaoient pas encore été publiez; imprimées sur les exemplaires les plus exacts & les plus complets; revuës & corrigées de nouveau. A Leide [Leiden]: Chez Pierre Vander Aa... 1717.

2 volumes, 4to: pp. (xii), 320; 2 leaves, pp. (321)­566, 1 leaf, pp. 603­701, (35), and 26 folding engraved plates (including no. IV*). Titles printed in red and black with engraved vignette, 2 engravings in the text. Paper rather browned but still fresh. Contemporary English speckled calf, black spines richly gilt in compartments, red morocco labels, a lovely copy. Signature of William Hillary M.D. dated 1723 on front free endpapers, and his armorial bookplate dated 1743 on the pastedowns. £2400 continued...

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FIRST COLLECTED EDITION, containing all of Mariotte's published works. Among the most important works in these volumes are his treatise on percussion, the nature of air ("Mariotte's Law"), radiant heat, colours, hydromechanics ("Marriote's flask"), vegetation, and his observations on vision. They also contain his previously unpublished Traité du mouvement des pendules, which Huygens possessed in manuscript and gave to the University of Leyden. The introduction contains valuable information on the bibliography of Mariotte, who is credited with introducing experimental physics into France. The first owner of this copy, William Hillary (1697­1763), probably bought it new in Leiden, where he obtained his MD in 1722. He practised in Ripon until 1734 when he moved to Bath, where he had his bookplate engraved. Roberts & Trent, Bibliotheca Mechanica, pp. 217­218.

81. [MEISSNER, Friedrich Ludwig.] Der neue Fussarzt oder Anweisung, die Leichdornen, Frostbeulen, Geschwulst der Füsse, Nagelschwüre, Fussschweisse, Klumpfüsse, &c. zu heilen, nebst einer ausführlichen Abhandlung für Fussreisende über die nöthige Pflege, Bekleidung und Abwartung der Füsse auf Reisen. Von Dr. Ludwig Meiner. Leipzig: bei G.H.F. Hartmann. 1824.

Small 8vo, pp. viii, 104. Contemporary marbled boards and roan spine with red and green morocco labels. Spine a little chipped, but a nice copy. Bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody (see below). £220 FIRST EDITION of an early German contribution to the literature of chiropody, perhaps the first original German work on the subject. The book is not noticed by J.C. Dagnall, "The history of chiropodial literature", in The Chiropodist, 1965. Meissner (1796­1860), an obstetrician, gynaecologist and paediatrician, wrote on a variety of subjects, for some of which he used a pseudonym, as here (see Hirsch).

82. MICHELL, John. A Treatise of Artificial Magnets; in which is shewn an easy and expeditious method of making them, superior to the best natural ones: and also, a way of improving the natural ones, and of changing or converting their poles. Directions are likewise given for making the mariner's needles in the best form, and for touching them most advantageously, &c. Cambridge: Printed by J. Bentham... 1750.

8vo, 1 leaf, 81 pages, 1 folding engraved plate. Contemporary half calf, spine gilt, red morocco label. Title slightly soiled, but a nice copy. Armorial bookplate of Sir Richard Bempde Johnstone. £850 FIRST EDITION. An important book by the eminent English scientist John Michell (1724­1793), in which he described the method of making artificial magnets by "double touch", and enunciated the law of variation of magnetic action according to the inverse squares of distances. The formulation of this law is found on p. 19 and is reproduced in the Wheeler Gift catalogue (I, p. 188). Michell also did very important work in astronomy, invented the torsion balance for measuring very small forces, and may be said to have founded scientific seismology. Wheeler Gift 358. Ekelöf 320. Mottelay p. 191. With this copy is bound John Hill's A Dissertation on Royal Societies (London, 1750), 48 pages.

83. NICHOLSON, William. The First Principles of Chemistry. The second edition, with improvements. London: Printed for G.G.J. and J. Robinson, Paternoster-Row. 1792.

8vo, pp. xxxi, 546, (4) index, (2) blank, 1 folding engraved plate of apparatus. Original boards, neatly rebacked, new printed paper label, uncut. Title and dedication leaves creased, a little foxing. Library inscription at top of title, shelfmark on front pastedown, and stamp on a few other pages and the plate. £550 continued...

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Second edition. Nicholson (1753­1815), translator of Fourcroy and Chaptal, and editor of the first general scientific periodical in England published independently of the academies, was one of the important British figures in the new chemical movement. In this voluminous textbook on chemistry, dedicated to Cavendish, he explained both the phlogistic and antiphlogistic theories, as he considered them equally probable. "The text is divided into two books, I. General Chemistry includes heat, construction of thermometers, combustion, methods of making experiments with gases, an account of balances and elective attractions; II includes general principles of bodies, acids, metals, mineral combustibles, vegetable and animal products. The useful treatment in I. of thermometers and balances is not found in many texts" (Cole). Cole 977: "In the second edition the author has revised the work to some extent and inserted new discoveries." Neville II, p. 228 (with incorrect collation). Partington III, p. 490 and IV, p. 19.

Such a Complete Picture of Life in India 84. NIGHTINGALE, Florence. Observations by Miss Nightingale on the Stational Reports. [In:] Report of the Commissioners appointed to inquire into the Sanitary State of the Army in India; with abstract of evidence, and of reports received from Indian military stations. London: Printed under the superintendence of Her Majesty's Stationery Office, and sold by William Clowes & Sons... [1864].

8vo, pp. xxiv, 581, (1), 1 folding map of India, 2 folding coloured charts, 1 folding woodcut plate (paginated [317]­318 but extra to the collation by signatures), woodcut illustrations and diagrams in the text. Modern black half morocco. Stamp of the Privy Council Office on the title. £850 Second edition of the Report to contain Miss Nightingale's Observations. The full report, in two folio volumes, first appeared the previous year. It was followed by a condensed edition in which Miss Nightingale's Observations were entirely omitted, and she insisted that all subsequent enquirers be referred to the full report. Then, "realizing that it was absurd to expect busy men to wade through 2,028 pages, she offered to put together an amended version which would not exclude her Observations and the vital statistical evidence upon which she had spent years of work. Anticipating the Treasury's objection, she offered to bear the cost of this also. Owing to official delays, the revised edition was not issued until August 1864..." Thus this entire volume, not just her Observations which it contains, was produced and paid for by Miss Nightingale. Her Observations occupy pp. 297­344, and include most of the illustrations. It was largely due to Miss Nightingale that a Royal Commission on the Sanitary State of the Army in India was set up in 1859, which would improve the conditions of that army, as the Royal Commission for the army at home had done. The evidence received from the various outposts of the army in India was sent to Miss Nightingale for analysis, and the remarks she wrote on them form the Observations. "It was said at the time that such a complete picture of life in India, both British and native, was contained in no other book in existence. The Observations themselves form a synopsis of the whole report,...[are] extremely readable, and include many woodcut illustrations, not only of Indian hospitals and barracks, but also of native customs in connection with water supply and drainage" (Bishop & Goldie 55).

85. NOLLET, l'Abbé [Jean Antoine]. Essai sur l'Electricité des Corps. A Paris: Chez les Freres Guerin... 1746.

Small 8vo, pp. xx, (iv), 227, (1), engraved frontispiece showing Nollet lecturing and 4 folding engraved plates. Contemporary mottled calf, spine gilt in compartments with red morocco label, neat repairs to ends of spine. Plates a little foxed and creased, fore-edge of plate 3 ragged just touching ruled border. £400 FIRST EDITION of one of Nollet's most valuable works, containing a large number of important original contributions. It includes a description of his electrical machine, and of numerous experiments made with the Leyden jar, a name he introduced in honour of the supposed inventor, Cunaeus of Leyden, in ignorance of the actual inventor, E.G. von Kleist. continued...

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"Electric matter is either affluent or effluent, pp. 107, 136, 160; Du Fay's distinction of vitreous and resinous electricity discarded, p. 118; 1256 feet of hempen cord electrified by excited glass tube, p. 111; electric brushes, pp. 136, 160; van Musschenbroek's Leyden phial experiment, p. 133" (Wheeler Gift Cat. 329). Ekelöf 246. Neville II, p. 233.

86. PACICHELLI, Giovanni Battista. Lucubrationum ad Corpus Philologicum pars altera: sive Diatribe de Pede in quâ multiplex pedis acceptio. Varius, maximè ambulando, stando, ac sedendo usus... Coloniae Ubiorum [Cologne]: Typis Wilhelmi Friessem... 1675.

Small 8vo, pp. (viii), 9­70, (2). Title printed in red and black. Contemporary limp vellum. Light foxing in the first half of the book, heavy in the second. Old library stamp on title-page. Bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody. £300 FIRST EDITION of an extremely rare book on the foot, the sequel to his book on the hand, Chiroliturgia, sive De Varia, ac Mvltiplici Manvs Administratione: Lucubrationes JuridicoPhilologicae, of 1673. No copy is recorded in ICCU or WorldCat, which records a few copies of the first part on the hand, although the Becker Library has both parts; Copac records one copy, in Scotland. Pacichelli (1634­1695) was an abbot, a protonotary apostolic appointed by Pope Clement X to attend the Cologne Peace Conference in 1672.

87. PASTEUR, L[ouis]. Études sur La Bière, ses maladies, causes qui les provoquent, procédé pour la rendre inaltérable, avec une théorie nouvelle de la fermentation. Paris: Gauthier-Villars,... 1876.

8vo, pp. viii, 387, 4 (adverts), 12 plates, figures in the text. Original orange printed wrappers, uncut and largely unopened. Wrappers detached from spine, otherwise a fine copy. £800 FIRST EDITION. G&M 2485: "Pasteur resumed his studies on fermentation in 1876, and in this book takes into account the developments in this field since his previous publications on the subject. He described a new and perfect method of preparing pure yeast and acknowledged that a limited quantity of oxygen was important for brewing." Sparrow, Milestones of Science, 158. Norman catalogue 1658. Neville II, p. 272: "...contains discoveries of fundamental importance in the sciences of biochemistry and bacteriology."

First London Pharmacopoeia 88. PHARMACOPOEIA. [ROYAL] COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS OF LONDON. Pharmacopoeia Londinensis, in qua medicamenta antiqua et nova usitatissima, sedulo collecta, accuratissime examinata, quotidiana experientia confirmata describuntur. Diligenter revisa, denuo recusa, emendatior auctior. London: Printed for John Marriott... 1618.

Small folio, 16 leaves, 210 pages, 3 leaves. Including the fine engraved title by Renold Elstracke, woodcut ornaments. Contemporary calf, spine neatly repaired, several cuts and small holes in the leather. Neat repair to blank upper margin of title and fore-edge a little ragged, rather soiled throughout, especially the endpapers, but a perfectly complete copy in its original binding. Several 17th century signatures of the Wynter family on endpapers; Morgan Jones dated 14th January 1663; Charles Wynstone (on p. 15); Gregory Griffiths, 1701; also (on the dedication) Lewis Williams, 1733. £6500 Second edition of the first London pharmacopoeia, the first pharmacopoeia intended for use by an entire nation. "There were at the time official European pharmacopoeias, but these were enforced only for comparatively small territories. The College's product was intended to be standard continued...

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not only for the London area but for all England and it was declared obligatory by the King. Representatives of medicine and pharmacy in Western Europe awaited its production with much interest..." (William Brocklebank, "Sovereign Remedies. A critical depreciation of the 17th-century London pharmacopoeia", in Medical History, pp. 1­14, January 1964). Even though the College of Physicians began work on the pharmacopeia in 1589, the first edition, when it finally appeared, had numerous errors and was withdrawn. This second edition, brought out later in the same year, was corrected and had some 90 more pages, including a catalogue of simples and an index. It was even given a new engraved title, presumably to distinguish it clearly from the first. STC 16773. All editions of the first London pharmacopoeia are extremely rare; STC records 6 copies of this edition, fewer than any other. See G&M 1821, the first edition. Hind, Engraving in England in the 16th and 17th centuries, 1955, vol. 2, p. 205, no. 84 (the present engraved title, used for all further editions up to the fifth in 1639). Elstracke was one of the earliest native engravers in England, and the foremost English engraver of his time.

89. POMPONIUS MELA. De Situ Orbis libri tres, ad omnium Angliæ & Hiberniæ Codicum MSS, fidem, summa cura & diligentia recogniti & collati; tabulisque, cincta in eo scriptore gentium locorumque amplectentibus, nunc primum illustrati. Accedunt I. Notae... II. Dissertatio de Ariane: III. Synopsis Pomponiana... Iscæ Dunmoniorum [Exeter]: Typis Farleanis. Apud Philippum Bishop. 1711.

4to, 1 leaf, pp. 64, (26), and 27 folding engraved maps. Contemporary calf, neatly rebacked and corners repaired (sides rubbed, margins of first and last few leaves stained from the binding). Early signature of Thomas Stone of Oxford on front pastedown; also later signature of F.W.L. Thomas; bookplate of T.N. Brushfield on rear pastedown. £650 Provincial English printing of "the first extant geographical work in Latin and the only Roman treatise of the classical period devoted exclusively to that subject" (DSB). In this edition, printed in Exeter, each map bears the arms of the person to whom it is dedicated. These are chiefly members of Devonshire families, such as Chudleigh, Sydenham, Musgrave, Carew, etc. Pomponius Mela (fl. 44 AD) was a Roman from southern Spain, near Gibraltar. His geography, known as De chorographia or De Situ Orbis, was his only work. "An elegant and carefully edited edition" (Lowndes).

90. PRÉVOST, Jean Louis, and Jean Baptiste André DUMAS. Examen du Sang et de son action dans les divers phénomènes de la vie. [In:] Annales de Chimie et de Physique, vol. 18, pp. 280­297. A Paris: Chez Crochard... 1821.

8vo, 3 volumes (nos. 16­18) bound together. Contemporary half calf (top of upper joint cracked), red and green morocco labels on spines, and small paper shelf labels. Bookplate of Sir William J. Pope, library stamp on titles and a few other pages. Three volumes bound together are offered, of which the paper by Prévost & Dumas occupies pp. 280­297 of the third volume. £180 FIRST EDITION. G&M 2016: "First successful use of defibrinated blood for animal transfusions. This was the first attempt to prevent coagulation during transfusion."

91. PRIESTLEY, Joseph. Histoire de L'Électricité, traduite de l'Anglois de Joseph Priestley avec des notes critiques. A Paris: Chez Herissant le fils... 1771.

3 volumes, 12mo, pp. xlvi, (ii), 432; 2 leaves, pp. 531, (1), 1 folding engraved plate; 2 leaves, pp. 474, (4), 8 folding plates. Contemporary blue boards, red morocco labels on spines. Boards a little worn, but a clean set. Library stamp and neat library inscription on half-titles, and on title-pages of volumes 2 and 3. £550 continued...

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FIRST EDITION IN FRENCH of the first extensive history of electrical discovery and theory. The translators were the Abbé Nollet and Mathurin-Jacques Brisson. It was published on the advice of Benjamin Franklin and corrected by him, but the Wheeler Gift remarks that the numerous notes by Brisson are anti-Franklinian in nature. Ekelöf 474. Wheeler Gift 453b. Crook S/506.

92. PRIESTLEY, Joseph. The History and Present State of discoveries relating to Vision, Light, and Colours. London: Printed for J. Johnson... 1772.

2 volumes, 4to, pp. v, (viii), xvi, 422; 1 leaf, pp. 423­812, (12), folding engraved biographical chart (frontispiece) and 24 stilted plates. Contemporary tree calf, spines ruled in gilt with red morocco labels (joints neatly repaired, edges slightly darkened). Last two leaves of subscribers misbound before the first two, a little foxing and offsetting (two gatherings in vol. 2 more spotted), but an excellent set. Signature of Stephen Freeman, 1799, in each volume. £2200 FIRST EDITION. The first history of theories of vision, light, and colour, containing a thorough review of virtually all the significant work in the field. It also contains substantial chapters on optical instruments (the telescope, microscope, etc.). "Although the History of Optics contains much useful information, it was considerably less successful than the History of Electricity. Until recently optics had not attracted substantial historical interest, and although Priestley's History of Optics had but one English edition and a translation into German, it remained the only English work on the subject for a hundred and fifty years and the only one in any language for over fifty" (DSB). Parkinson, Breakthroughs, 1772. Crook S/479 (with incorrect plate count). This copy has an additional list of 28 subscribers on the verso of the errata leaf, including several from Jamaica.

93. ROBINS, Benjamin. Mathematical Tracts... In two volumes. Vol. I. Containing his new principles of gunnery... [Vol. II. Containing his discourse on the methods of fluxions, and of prime and ultimate ratios, and other miscellaneous pieces.] Published by James Wilson, M.D. London: Printed for J. Nourse... 1761.

2 volumes, 8vo, pp. xlvi, (ii), 341, (3) adverts, 2 engraved plates (1 folding); (viii), 7­380, 1 engraved plate. Half-titles. Contemporary speckled calf, spines ruled in gilt with red morocco labels. Head of spine of vol. 2 slightly chipped and short crack at top of upper joint, but a fine set. With the engraved armorial bookplates of Hans Sloane, Esq. £1400 FIRST EDITION of Robins' collected works, including some published for the first time. The first volume is entirely concerned with gunnery; it includes Robins' description of the ballistic pendulum, invented by him, and studies on the resistance of fluid media to high-speed objects, pressures in a gun-barrel, and rockets for signalling purposes, etc. The second volume is mathematical, including his discourse on Newton's fluxions, of whom Robins was a staunch supporter. The editor James Wilson, in the long appendix, appraised Newton's Method of Fluxions, and first revealed Newton to be the author of the Account of the Book entitled Commercium Epistolicum, Newton's fullest account of the development of his own mathematical ideas. Wallis 268.001. Roberts & Trent, Bibliotheca Mechanica, pp. 279­280.

First Textbook of Ether Anaesthesia 94. ROBINSON, James. A Treatise on the Inhalation of the Vapour of Ether for the prevention of pain in surgical operations; containing a numerous collection of cases in which it has been applied, with the names of the operators; history of the discovery -- description of the apparatus -- method of preparing the ether -- remarks as to the time when the operation should commence, etc., etc., etc. Dedicated to Francis Boott, Esq., M.D., &c. &c. London: Webster & Co... 1847.

continued...

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8vo, pp. (viii), 63. Half-title, 1 illustration of the apparatus in the text. Original brown printed wrappers, spine worn, upper wrapper almost detached, lower wrapper a little chipped, but a fine copy. £2200 FIRST EDITION. G&M 5657.1: "The first textbook of ether anaesthesia, published in March, 1847." Robinson, a dentist, was the first to use anaesthesia in England when he extracted a tooth from a Miss Lonsdale on Saturday 19th December 1846. The operation was carried out in the study of Francis Boott, who administered the anaesthetic and who had been the first in England to receive news of the discovery of anaesthesia, in a letter from Jacob Bigelow in America. Not in Fulton & Stanton, which lists his article in the Lancet for 13th February 1847 (no. 130). See Duncum, The development of inhalation anaesthesia, p. 131. Very rare, particularly in the original wrappers.

95. ROHAULT, Jacques. Rohault's System of Natural Philosophy, illustrated with Dr. Samuel Clarke's notes taken mostly out of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy. With additions. Done into English by John Clarke. London: Printed for James Knapton,... 1723.

2 volumes, 8vo, pp. (xxxvi), 285, (3); 292, (24), 27 folding plates. With the final advert leaf in vol. 1. Titles printed in red and black within rules. Contemporary panelled calf, spines richly gilt in compartments, red morocco labels. Armorial bookplate of Henry John Sperling on front pastedowns. Plate XVI slightly shaved at top, paper a bit browned, short cracks at tops of joints, but a very attractive copy. £1100 FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH of Rohault's Traité de physique, "one of the main channels through which Cartesian physics were disseminated and maintained throughout Europe from the 1670s to well into the eighteenth century" (Gjertsen). This edition is important for its commentary of Newton in the extensive footnotes, and the translator's notes exposing fallacies in the Cartesian system. It was the textbook of physics at Cambridge for a long period and introduced the Newtonian system there, unseating the Cartesian system. Wallis 143 (calling for 28 plates in error). Babson 103. Gjertsen, The Newton Handbook, p.531.

96. ROUSSELOT, -- . Toilette des Pieds, ou traité de la guerison des cors, verrues, & autres maladies de la peau: et dissertation abrégée sur le traitement & la guerison des cancers. A Paris: Chez Dufour... 1769.

12mo, pp. (xii), 177, (11). Contemporary mottled calf, spine gilt in compartments, red morocco label, red edges, marbled endpapers, fine copy. 18th century armorial bookplate of Henri Petit printed directly on verso of title; bookplates of Walter Seelig and J. Colin Dagnall, the historians of chiropody (see below). £1200 FIRST EDITION of the second known book on chiropody. "It was a French surgeon, Rousselot, who wrote the first book covering chiropody as we know it. He became interested in the feet and specialised in their treatment, expecting the work to become a speciality of surgery (Seelig, 1957). "He wrote three books, Mémoire sur les cors des pieds, 1755 (no copy of this book has ever been traced) and further books in 1762 [Nouvelles observations, ou méthode certaine sur le traitement des cors, 45 pages, G&M 4302.1] and 1769 [the present book]. His contribution was not a great one as he was too much influenced by Turner, but his remedies show common sense" (J.C. Dagnall, "The history of chiropodial literature", in The Chiropodist, 1965). Rousselot says in the preface that he regards this book as a supplement to Daniel Turner's book on diseases of the skin, which was first first book on dermatology published in France. According to the Wellcome catalogue, it is a second edition of the Nouvelles observations, but it is expanded to four times the size. It is also very rare, with 1 copy recorded by RLIN, and no copy by OCLC.

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The consummate lecturer on physics, Jean Antoine Nollet (item 85)

97. SAINT-YVES, [Charles de]. Nouveau Traité des Maladies des Yeux, les remedes qui y conviennent, & les operations de chirurgie que leurs guérisons éxigent. Avec de nouvelles decouvertes sur la structure de l'oeil, qui prouvent l'organe immédiat de la vûë. A Paris: Chez Pierre-Augustin Le Mercier... 1722.

12mo, pp. (xxix), 373, (33), (2) blank. Contemporary speckled calf, spine gilt in compartments, red morocco label (small chip in top of spine, gatherings B and E slightly sprung). Signature on title of Herman Schutzer, and numerous short and neat notes in his hand in the margins; also of continued...

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Witthoff, and Almquist, and the stamp of a Swedish library in the gutter of the title. Signed by the author at the end of the dedication as usual to prevent piracy. £950 FIRST EDITION. G&M 5827: "Records the removal of a cataract `en masse' from a living subject." Saint-Yves extracted a cataractous lens which had been dislodged and forced into the anterior chamber by an unsuccessful attempt at depression. While this was the author's only published work, it assured him a permanent place in the history of ophthalmology. Shastid... cites seven innovations and observations first announced in this treatise..." (Becker 322). Bound in at the end of this copy, by way of a supplement, is Reponse de M. de S. Yves à une Lettre Critique de son Traité des Maladies des Yeux, inserée dans le Supplément du Mercure du mois de May 1722, sous le nom de Mauchard, & pour servir d'Addition à son Traité des Maladies des Yeux, printed by the same printer in 1726 (22 + (2) pages). This supplement is rarely found with the main work.

98. SAINT-YVES. REGNAULT, F.L. Catalogue raisonné du Cabinet de feu Mr. Charles Léoffroy de Saint-Yves. Prix du présent catalogue, 2 fr. 25 cent. A Paris: Chez Mrs. F.L. Regnault, Peintre & Graveur [&] Silvestre, Libraire... 1805.

8vo, pp. xiv, 336. Manuscript annotations in black ink and pencil in the margin next to many entries. Original marbled wrappers, printed paper label on spine, uncut. Slight browning, wrapppers a little worn, but a very good copy. £300 FIRST EDITION of an early nineteenth century auction catalogue, in its original fragile binding, of the private art collection of Charles Léffroy de Saint-Yves (1717­1804), connoisseur and distinguished oculist, and son of Charles de Saint-Yves (1667­1733), who was "Médecin-Oculiste" to the King and author of a famous treatise on diseases of the eyes. The collection consisted principally of prints and drawings. The catalogue of 612 lots for sale over 13 days contains a meticulous record of many of the prices achieved, and describes the life and virtues of the collector in a notice at the beginning.

99. SAKOSKY, [Albert]. Coup d'oeil sur les imperfections de la chaussure, et les incommodités qui en proviennent, suivi de l'examen d'un procédé ingénieux qui a l'avantage de corriger les unes et de faire disparaître ou prévenir les autres. A Paris: Chez l'auteur...de l'imprimerie de Didot Jeune. 1811.

8vo, pp. xvi, 86, (2) blank. Some light foxing. Later blue roan. Bookplates of Walter Seelig and J. Colin Dagnall, historians of chiropody. £300 FIRST EDITION of a very rare monograph on the anatomy and function of the foot, on the effect of footwear, and on the ways of altering and correcting footwear to ensure a better fit. The last part describes shoe stretchers, for which Sakosky was granted an imperial patent.

100. SAKOSKY, [Albert]. Formes et Embouchoirs Mécaniques, propres à allonger, élargier et agrandir la chaussure, suivant les incommodités ou la conformation du pied; et pour lesquels l'auteur a obtenu un brevet d'invention. A Paris: Chez l'auteur... 1814.

8vo, pp. 15, (1). Modern half calf by Sangorski & Sutcliffe, the original blue sugar-paper wrappers bound in. Faint dampstain in upper inner corners. Bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, historian of chiropody. £350 FIRST EDITION(?) of Sakosky's monograph on shoe stretchers, for which he had been granted a patent by the Emperor Napoleon. Sakosky signs himself as bootmaker to the King of Prussia n the title-page. Very rare: not in Copac, WorldCat, Biblothèque Nationale, etc.

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101. SIGAUD DE LA FOND, [Joseph Aignan]. Précis Historique et Expérimental des Phénomènes Électriques, depuis l'origine de cette découverte jusqu'a ce jour. A Paris: [De l'Imprimerie Demonville,] Rue et Hôtel Serpente. 1781.

8vo, pp. xvi, 742, (2), 9 folding engraved plates by Sellier of electrical apparatus and experiments. Contemporary mottled sheep (ends of spine neatly restored, several wormholes in surface of both covers), marbled endpapers, red edges. Dampstain (very faint) in first 40 leaves, foxing and dampstain on 4 other leaves, otherwise a very good copy. £550 FIRST EDITION, one of several comprehensive books on electricity published by Sigaud de la Fond, who was actually a practitioner of obstetrics as well as a demonstrator of physics. He attended Nollet's lectures and succeeded him as Professor of Physics and Chemistry at the college at Bourges. The phenomena and laws of electricity are compared and discussed at length, as well as their history and application to medicine. "In the first edition of his Précis Historique, published in 1781, Sigaud claims to have made already in 1756, twenty-five years earlier, a considerable improvement to the electricity machine by replacing the old Hauksbee glass cylinder with a glass disk. The invention is generally attributed to Martin Planta (1727­1772), a seminar director from the Swiss Engadine Valley, who used the disk in 1755" (Ekelöf). Ekelöf 496. Wheeler Gift 505.

The Earliest International Chemical Industry 102. SINGER, Charles. The Earliest Chemical Industry. An essay in the historical relations of economics & technology illustrated from the alum trade. With a preface by Derek Spence. London: [Printed by the Chiswick Press, for] The Folio Society, 1943.

Folio, pp. xviii, 1 leaf, pp. 337, 1 leaf (colophon), colour-collotype frontispiece, 4 colour-collotype plates, and 1 folding plate. With 13 other colour-collotype illustrations (some full-page) on text leaves, and numerous other monochrome collotype and line illustrations. Contemporary red morocco by Sangorski & Sutcliffe, gilt device on upper cover, t.e.g., cloth slipcase. No. 54 of an edition limited to 1,100 copies, and one of 55 copies signed by the author and Derek Spence on the colophon leaf and bound in red morocco. This copy also has Derek Spence's card inscribed "With Compliments" pasted in at the beginning, and the original prospectus loosely inserted. £550 FIRST EDITION, published in memory of Peter Spence, the founder of one of the leading alum manufacturing firms in nineteenth century England. This is one of the few histories centred round a particular chemical industry. The intricate role that alum has played in both scientific and social realms from antiquity is vividly chronicled. As Derek Spence points out in the preface, "In the process of tracing the applications of this simple chemical substance, and the resulting currents of trade, we have repeatedly been astonished to find the threads of our story involved in many great human movements, political, economic, social, technical, scientific, philosophical, religious and artistic" (p. vi). A special copy of a lovely book, and certainly one of the most beautifully produced books on any aspect of the history of science. A handsome folio, it was printed by the Chiswick Press on hand-made paper, the colour-collotype plates printed by Alinari of Florence, the maps by George Philip and Son, and the colophon engraved by Stephen Gooden.

103. SMITH, Robert. A Compleat System of Opticks in four books, viz. a popular, a mathematical, a mechanical, and a philosophical treatise... Cambridge: Printed for the author... 1738.

2 volumes, 4to, pp. (vi), vi, (viii), 280; 1 leaf, pp. (281)­455, 171, (12), and 83 folding engraved plates with numerous figures. Contemporary calf, a little rubbed, upper joints beginning to crack but perfectly sound. Pale dampstain on last few leaves of volume 2, but a very clean copy. £2400 continued...

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FIRST EDITION of what was "probably the most influential optical textbook of the eighteenth century" (DSB). Of the four Books, the first deals with the fundamental experiments in optics, while the second provides a more formal treatment of the geometrical theory. The third Book describes apparatus for grinding and polishing lenses, with original contributions by Samuel Molyneux and John Hadley, and gives a complete account of the construction and use of the principal optical instruments, especially the microscope. The fourth book is a history of celestial discoveries with the telescope. Babson 161. Gjertsen, The Newton Handbook, pp. 548­549: "...the standard account of Newtonian optics." Kemp, The Science of Art, p. 153, etc: "...a book of considerable importance."

104. SPALLANZANI, Lazzaro. Memoirs on Respiration. Edited, from the unpublished manuscripts of the author, by John Senebier. London: Printed for G. and J. Robinson... 1804.

8vo, pp. xii, 374, 1 leaf. With the half-title and final imprint leaf. Contemporary red morocco, unlettered, spine richly gilt in compartments (some very discreet repairs), gilt border on sides, marbled endpapers, yellow edges. Contemporary armorial bookplate of Rev. George Scurfield on front pastedown. Foxing on a few leaves, scuff-mark in leather of upper cover, but a nice copy. £550 FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH. "Lavoisier's suggestion that respiration was a form of slow combustion, with direct oxidation of carbon and hydrogen occurring in the lungs, was disputed by the French mathematician Lagrange. Spallanzani's experimental data resolved this controversy, and laid the groundwork for modern conceptions of respiratory physiology... In concluding that the blood transported carbon dioxide as a product of tissue oxidation, Spallanzani discovered parenchymatous respiration -- usually accredited to the biochemist Liebig half a century later" (DSB). This copy has the appearance of a presentation copy, but as the identity of the translator is not known, it is difficult to make the connection with the Rev. Scurfield who was most likely the first owner. Prandi, Spallanzani, pp. 95­96 ("Rarissima traduzione inglese..."). Partington III, pp. 475­477. Gottlieb, History of respiration, pp. 54 and 93. Foster, History of physiology, p. 253.

Early History of Science 105. TARGIONI TOZZETTI, Giovanni. Notizie degli aggrandimenti delle Scienze Fisiche accaduti in Toscana nel corso di anni LX del secolo XVII. In Firenze: Si vende da Giuseppe Bouchard Libraio... 1780.

3 volumes in 4, 4to, pp. xxiv, 531; viii, 376; xv, 377­800; xvi, 422, (2) blank, and 11 folding engraved plates in volume 3 from drawings by the author's son. Engraved vignette on titles. Contemporary quarter vellum and green marbled boards, red and green morocco labels on spines, uncut edges. One corner bumped, one corner slightly worn, but a fine set. Armorial bookplates of William Henry Fitton, M.D. (geologist, 1780­1861). £2800 FIRST EDITION of an important work "valuable for the history of science, which he was one of the first to cultivate" (DSB). Covering the years 1610 to 1670, this work includes articles, accounts and letters by prominent scientists such as Galileo, members of the Accademia del Cimento, etc. "A rare work, of great value on the history of physics in Italy, and indispensable to the historian of physics. It contains reprints of a number of original papers and letters by Galileo and other men of science. Of special value are the illustrations of old physical instruments contained in the work" (Sotheran, First Supp., 3882). Riccardi, describing this work as "eruditissima raccolta", devotes seven columns to a detailed account of the contents. Volume 1 is on the physical sciences, volume 2 on mathematics, and volume 3 on the natural and medical sciences. Carli & Favaro 573. Riccardi II, 548­555.

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Jenner's Petition for Remuneration 106. THORNTON, Robert John. Facts decisive in favour of the Cow-Pock: including the history of its rise, progress, and advantages; and the evidence given before the Honourable the Committee of the House of Commons, with their report, and remarks on the same. Fourth edition. London: Printed for H.D. Symonds... [and 6 others] 1803. [Bound after:] RING, John. An Answer to Dr. Moseley, containing a defence of vaccination. London: Printed for J. Murray... 1805.

2 works in 1 volume, 8vo. Thornton: 2 leaves, pp. viii, (5)­319, 2 stipple-engraved coloured plates (bound before the title). Page 319 is a folding letterpress table. Ring: pp. vii, 291, (1). The Thornton is inscribed on the half-title: "From the Author to Mr. Ring as a small Tribute of Respect, Esteem, and grat[eful?] acknowledgement of man[y] favours received, & of Instr[uction?] and pleasure derived fro[m] perusing his admirabl[e] History of the Cow-pox" (slightly cropped at head and at fore-edge as shown by square brackets). The two works bound together in contemporary tree sheep, flat spine gilt, marbled edges and endpapers. £800 Fourth but most important issue, having the two coloured plates of cow-pox pustules at various stages, the text of Edward Jenner's petition to Parliament for remuneration, and the first printing of the evidence and the Committee's report. It is dedicated to Jenner. Both Thornton and Ring gave evidence before the Committee. Only one copy is recorded by COPAC, also recording two of the first issue (1802), which has only 240 pages and no plates. LeFanu 82 [65] and Dedications 13 [8]: "The first issue included the first printing of Jenner's petition, and later issues added the Evidence and Report of the Committee on Jenner's claim." The Evidence, published separately in 1805, is an important document in the history of vaccination. Jenner had petitioned Parliament on 17th March 1802 for recognition of his claim to the discovery of vaccination and for remuneration for the time he had spent on it. A special committee was appointed to consider the medical evidence. Jenner was granted £10,000 in recognition of his expenses and achievements. Thornton was a botanist and the author of the magnificent folio The Temple of Flora. Both he and Ring were staunch supporters of vaccination. A large part of the work by Ring is an examination of the evidence before the Committee of Dr. Benjamin Moseley, a violent opponent of vaccination.

Invention of the Barometer 107. TORRICELLI, Evangelista. Lezioni Accademiche. In Firenze [Florence]: Nella Stamp. di S.A.R. per Jacopo Guiducci, e Santi Franchi. 1715.

Large 4to, pp. xlix, (1), 1 leaf (imprimatur), pp. 96, fine engraved frontispiece portrait. Engraved vignette on title, 3 woodcut illustrations in the text, woodcut ornaments. Contemporary vellum, a fine copy. £3800 FIRST EDITION. Torricelli (1608­1647), Galileo's most promising pupil, succeeded him as professor of mathematics at Florence. The present volume, published nearly seventy years after his death, contains the lectures he gave to the Accademia Crusca and on other occasions. They deal with problems of mechanics, physics, meteorology, and military architecture, including also an oration in praise of mathematics. From the point of view of physics, the lectures on the force of impact and on wind are of particular interest. In the former he said that he was reporting ideas expressed by Galileo in their informal conversations, and there is no lack of original observations. In the lecture on wind Torricelli advanced the modern theory that winds are products of differences of air temperature (cf. Wolf, History of Science, I, p. 316). The 50-page introduction by the editor, Tommaso Bonaventura, is important for Torricelli's life and works. It includes the two letters by

continued...

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Torricelli to Michelangelo Ricci of June 11th and 28th 1644, in which he described his invention of the mercury barometer, one of the most important discoveries in the whole history of physics, with a woodcut showing Torricelli's barometer. Dibner, Heralds of Science, 149. Sparrow, Milestones of Science, 190. Parkinson, Breakthroughs, 1643. D.S.B., XIII, pp. 437­439. Cinti 169, reproducing the title-page. Norman catalogue 2088.

108. TRAVERS, Benjamin. A Synopsis of the Diseases of the Eye, and their treatment: to which are prefixed a short anatomical description and a sketch of the physiology of that organ. Third edition. London: Printed for Longman,... 1824.

8vo, pp. xxv, 1 leaf (subtitle), 462, (1) advertisement, and 6 fine hand-coloured stipple-engraved plates. Half-title. Modern half calf antique, spine with gilt centres and blue morocco label. £325 See G&M 5843 (first, 1820): "The earliest systematic treatise in English on diseases of the eye. The book became the authority in Europe and America. Travers, a pupil of Sir Astley Cooper, became surgeon to St. Thomas's Hospital." The second part of this book was originally intended to form part of Cooper & Travers' Surgical Essays. The 9-page appendix is an anatomical sketch by Dr. Christian Salamon of St. Petersburg.

109. TRNKA Z KROVIC, Václav. Historia Cardialgiae omnis aevi observata medica continuens. Vindobonae [Vienna]: Litteris I.D. Hörlingianis. 1785.

8vo, 5 leaves, 390 pages, 7 leaves. Paper rather browned and foxed up to signature M (also signature Z) owing to a different paper stock, minor foxing elsewhere. Contemporary vellum, spine slightly discoloured and with two small holes. Small stamp of Gildemeester on front free endpaper. £360 FIRST EDITION. This work contains an extensive survey of cardialgia, gastralgia, and all related subjects. It is particularly valuable for its historical sections, being one of the earliest books of its kind, in fact the sixth on the subject listed by Forbes (Manual of Select Medical Bibliography, 1835). Copies are variously bound, with the errata either at the beginning or at the end. A few copies (e.g. the Wellcome copy) have an advertisement leaf in German not present here.

110. URE, Andrew. A Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines: containing a Clear Exposition of their Principles and Practice. Second edition. London: Printed for Longman,... 1840.

Thick 8vo, pp. vii, (i), 1334. With 1,241 woodcut illustrations in the text. Contemporary calf, spine gilt in compartments, brown morocco label, marbled edges and endpapers (head of spine neatly restored, with two armorial devices in gilt in top compartment). Armorial bookplate of Joseph Gwilt (1784­1863), architect and writer, on front pastedown. £400 Second edition of this invaluable work which gives us some of the best evidence we have of the actual state of chemical technology of the time. Ure (1778­1857) was a pioneer in the teaching of science to artisans and this is his chief work on the subject. "The author draws on his long experience as a professor of practical science and as a consultant to manufacturers both in Great Britain and abroad to prepare a work useful to manufacturers, metallurgists, merchants, students and the general public" (Cole). There are very substantial sections on papermaking, dyeing, and tobacco. Published one year after the first edition, this edition is an exact reprint of it, testifying to its immediate success.

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111. VAUQUELIN, [Louis Nicolas]. Manuel de l'Essayeur...approuvé, en l'an 7, par l'Administration des Monnaies, sur le rapport de M. Darcet, Inspecteur-Général des Essais. A Paris: Chez J. Klostermann fils... 1812. [Bound with:] [2] ANFRYE, -- , and [Jean Pierre Joseph] D'ARCET. Description d'un Petit Fourneau a Coupelle, au moyen duquel on peut faire, à peu de frais, dans les bureaux de garantie, chez les orfèvres et les bijoutiers, les essais des mati res d'or et d'argent, et dont on peut se servier avec avantage dans la pratique de quelques arts; précédée du rapport qui a été fait sur ce petit fourneau, à l'Adminstration générale des Monnaies, par MM. Vauquelin et Thenard... A Paris: Chez Magimel... 1813.

2 works in 1 volume, 8vo, 2 leaves (half-title and title), pp. 96; 3 leaves, pp. (7)­48, 3 engraved plates (1 folding). Later sheep-backed marbled boards, marbled endpapers, bookplate. Some spotting on the first and last leaves, otherwise a very good copy. £800 [1] Second edition of one of the best handbooks of assaying, revised and enlarged by the addition of new sections, including one on the duties of assayers. "Vauquelin's useful and informative assay manual discusses balances, furnaces, the purification of aqua fortis, the operation of coupellation, how to recognise fraudulent alloys of gold and silver with platinum, the determination of copper in coins, and other topics. The directions given are concise, simple, and clear. The report by J.P. Darcet, who was inspector general for the mint, contains an outline of the book and ends with the recommendation that it be printed and placed in the hands of the Bureau's assayers since it will be of great use" (Cole). It was republished as late as 1835 and translated into German and Spanish. Vauquelin became official assayer of precious metals for Paris. Cole 1315. Partington III, p. 551. The first edition is very rare; this is the earliest edition known to Poggendorff (II, 1182) and Bolton (p. 885). [2] FIRST EDITION of a very rare tract describing a stove for use in assaying, incorporating a report on it by Vauquelin and Thenard. Darcet was one of the most important industrial chemists of his time. At the end is bound a report on the refinement of silver at Trevoux by Blot and Revol, extracted from another work (paginated 333­348).

112. [WALKER, Obadiah.] Propositions concerning Optic-Glasses, with their natural reasons, drawn from experiments. Oxford: at the Theater. 1679.

4to, pp. (iv), 46, (2) blank. Engraved vignette of the Sheldonian Theatre on the title, woodcut diagrams in the text. Modern panelled calf antique. £1250 FIRST EDITION. On the action of convex and concave lenses on rays of light, written from the point of view of the physicist and not the optician, although the last five pages do describe the effects of lenses on vision and imperfections of the eye. No words are wasted on literary niceties, apologies, or introduction; the second leaf is an explanation of technical terms, followed by a text undiluted with irrelevancies. Wing W409. Madan 3208. This work has also been attributed to Abraham Woodhead (a friend of Obadiah Walker), and Robert Cooper.

113. WARDROP, James. An Account of some Diseases of the Toes and Fingers, with observations on their treatment. From the fifth volume of the Medico-Chirurgical Transactions. Published by the Medical and Chirurgical Society of London. London: Printed by W. Bulmer and Co... 1814.

8vo, 16 pages, 1 stipple-engraved plate. Modern boards. Library inscription on title, and stamp on the plate. Bookplate of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody. £200 FIRST SEPARATE EDITION. On inflammation and ulceration of the nails and their surrounding soft parts, corns, and chilblains.

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88, Elstracke's title-page to the revised and hurriedly produced second edition of the first London pharmacopoeia

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114. WARDROP, James. The Morbid Anatomy of the Human Eye. Illustrated by coloured plates. Second edition. London: John Churchill... 1834.

2 volumes, 8vo, 4 leaves, pp. (v)­xxxi, 175; (viii), 290, 1 leaf, and 18 fine stipple-engraved plates (16 hand-coloured). Half-titles. Original drab boards, nicely rebacked with green cloth as the original, new paper labels, endpapers replaced, uncut edges. Some minor foxing at the beginning of vol. 2, corners a little worn, otherwise a very good, clean set. £650 Second edition. See G&M 5840; the first book on the pathology of the eye, illustrated with some exquisite hand-coloured plates. This edition has three more plates than the first of 1808­18, but the text is unaltered, as there had been no additions to the knowledge of the subject in the intervening years. " `Wardrop was the first to classify the various inflammations of the eye according to the structure attacked' (Chance, p. 72). Inspired by the pathological anatomy of Bichat, Wardrop's topographical description of ocular disease earned him the title `the first modern ophthalmologist' from Duke-Elder..." (Becker). See Becker catalogue 400; Gorin pp. 62 and 120; and Albert, Norton & Hurtes 2430.

115. [WHATELY, Thomas.] Observations on Modern Gardening, illustrated by descriptions. The second edition. London: Printed for T. Payne... 1770.

8vo, pp. (viii), 257. Contemporary sprinkled calf, very nicely rebacked to match, gilt borders on sides, spine ruled in gilt with red morocco label. Foxing on the endpapers and first few leaves, but a very good copy. £550 Second edition of "the most comprehensive work on the theory of landscape design developed by the natural school before the time of Humphrey Repton" (Henrey). Whately's work was extremely influential in England and on the Continent, playing an important role in the development of the jardin anglais. Whately claimed the status of a liberal art for landscape gardening, a claim which gained rapid acceptance abroad after the translation of the book into French by François de Paule Latapie in 1771. It was also translated into German, Morel's Théorie des jardins (1776) was almost entirely copied from it, without acknowledgement, and Walpole was also indebted to it and praised it in his essay On Modern Gardening: "The work is very ingeniously and carefully executed, and in point of utility rather exceeds than omits any necessary directions." Whately's Observations served as a useful guide to the principal English landscape gardens of the period such as Stowe, Painshill, Hagley, and The Leasowes. It is an important historical source for the appearance of these gardens, many of which have disappeared or been radically altered. The first edition is quite rare; this second edition appeared in the same year and with the same collation. Henrey 1190 and pp. 509­511. The Oxford Companion to Gardens 602.

116. WIEGLEB, [Johann Christian]. A General System of Chemistry, theoretical and practical. Digested and arranged, with a particular view to its application to the arts. Taken chiefly from the German of M. Wiegleb. By C.R. Hopson, M.D. London: Printed for G.G.J. and J. Robinson, Pater-Noster Row. 1789.

4to, 1 leaf, pp. ii, vii, (i), 670, (42), 4 extending letterpress tables, and 2 engraved plates (1 extending) of apparatus. Printed note on the analysis of Crescent Water inserted at p. 344. Leaf I2 stained by splashes, stain in lower margin of 3U4. Contemporary mottled calf, flat spine with gilt rules and centres, double gilt fillet on sides, inner gilt dentelles, marbled endpapers (upper joint repaired almost imperceptibly), a lovely copy. Bookplates of William Downes and Norman Travis. £550 FIRST EDITION IN ENGLISH of Wiegleb's Handbuch der allgemeinen Chimie (second edition, 1786), described by Partington as "still based on the phlogiston theory, but clear and well arranged". It covered all branches of the subject, including pure, physical, pharmaceutical (Wiegleb was a pharmacist), descriptive, technical and economic chemistry. This, the only English edition, was continued...

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edited by the physician Charles Hopson (1744­1796), who added notes and a few new sections. A dissertation on specific heats was supplied by Johan Gadolin. Cole 1374. Partington III, p. 567, VIA. This handsome quarto, a format used for only a handful of books on chemistry of this period, is quite rare: it is not in Duveen or the Neville catalogue (although there is a copy in the online catalogue, purchased in 2004), nor is it mentioned by Ferguson.

117. WILLIAMS, John. The Climate of Great Britain; or remarks on the change it has undergone, particularly within the last fifty years. Accounting for the increasing humidity and consequent cloudiness and coldness of our springs and summers; with the effects such ungenial seasons have produced upon the vegetable and animal economy... London: Printed for C. and R. Baldwin... 1806.

8vo, pp. viii, (i) errata, 360. The last two pages are advertisements. Contemporary tree calf, spine ruled in gilt with red morocco label. Spine a little rubbed, but a nice copy. Early signature of E. Wigley in upper corner of title, and a few neat notes in the text, probably in his hand. £320 FIRST EDITION. One of the earliest studies of climate for its own sake, and of the variations of climate over a period of time. As Williams says in the preface, the subject of the book is novel, and the path to it untrodden. Much of the book is concerned with the effect of climate on agriculture and the the rural economy in general.

Exceptional Illustrations 118. WRIGHT, Thomas of Durham. An Original Theory or New Hypothesis of the Universe, Founded upon the Laws of Nature, and solving by Mathematical Principles the General Phaenomena of the Visible Creation; and particularly the Via Lactea. Compris'd in Nine Familiar Letters from the Author to his friend. And illustrated with upwards of Thirty Graven and Mezzotinto Plates, by the Best Masters. London: Printed for the Author, and sold by H. Chapelle, 1750.

Large 4to, pp. viii, 84, (4) contents and list of subscribers, 32 engraved plates (8 in mezzotint, 2 folding) numbered I­XXXII (no. 23 misnumbered but altered in manuscript). Title in red and black, woodcut head- and tailpieces and initials. Title slightly browned at outer edges, a little dust-soiling on the front endpapers, otherwise a remarkably clean and fresh copy. Contemporary speckled calf, spine gilt in compartments, red morocco label, (joints slightly cracked at ends), marbled endpapers. 18th century typographical bookplate of Joseph Woolfe. A lovely copy, the plates beautifully fresh, in a good contemporary English binding. £15,500 FIRST EDITION of an important and quite exceptional book in the canon of English astronomy. Wright's physico-philosophical system of the universe is the first after Newton, carrying Newton's theories forward and providing a basis for the theories of Laplace and Kant. "The first to form any definite idea as to the constitution of the stellar system was Thomas Wright... With him originated what has been called the `Grindstone Theory' of the universe, which regarded the Milky Way as the projection the sphere of a stratum or disk of stars (our sun occupying a position near the centre), similar in magnitude and distribution to the lucid orbs of the constellations" (Clerke). Wright also suggested with "perfect definiteness" that the rings of Saturn consisted of an aggregated multitude of unconnected particles, each revolving independently round the planet. James Clerk Maxwell demonstrated this as the only scientifically tenable theory against the hypotheses of fluid or solid rings. The plates illustrating Wright's system are exceptionally clear and finely executed; those executed in mezzotint have an almost surreal beauty not found in any other book on astronomy. Parkinson, Breakthroughs, 1750. Norman catalogue 2265. Clerke, A popular history of astronomy, pp. 14 and 299. Taylor, Mathematical practitioners, 321. See DSB for a long discussion of the Original Theory.

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119. YOUNG, Thomas. A Course of Lectures on Natural Philosophy and the Mechanical Arts. London: Printed for Joseph Johnson,... 1807.

2 volumes, 4to, pp. xxiv, 544, 565­796, 43 plates (including 2 brilliantly hand-coloured); xii, 2 leaves, pp. 738, 15 plates. Sub-title to vol. 1 bound in vol. 2. Contemporary half calf, spines ruled in gilt with boldly lettered brown morocco labels, marbled sides, edges and endpapers. A little very minor foxing, but a fine and bright copy. Signature of W.O. Locke on front endpapers. £3800 FIRST EDITION. Young's first and most important book, the result of his first professional appointment, to the Royal Institution. It is a course of lectures covering virtually the whole of theoretical science and technology. It includes his completed undulatory theory of light, with a description of his experimental demonstration of interference. In the lecture "On Collision" he was probably the first to use the term "energy", and in another lecture he defined a "modulus of elasticity" (Young's modulus). The second volume includes a bibliography of some 20,000 references (which was omitted from the second edition and has never been reprinted), and reprints of his classic papers from the Philosophical Transactions, in which he established the wave theory of light and discovered the principle of light interference, gave the first description of astigmatism, and in general established the principles of physiological optics (see G&M 1486­1488). Parkinson, Breakthroughs, 1807. Roberts & Trent, Bibliotheca Mechanica, 369.

120. ZACHARIE, Issachar. Surgical and Practical Observations on the Diseases of the Human Foot, with instructions for their treatment. Illustrated with twenty-seven plates. New-York, 1844. Revised, London, 1876.

8vo, pp. xv, 99, (1). With 32 figures in the text. Original brown cloth. Lower edges of boards faded and lower margins slightly affected by damp, otherwise a fine copy. Bookplates of J. Colin Dagnall, the historian of chiropody (see below), and F. Paul French. £220 FIRST ENGLISH EDITION. "Issachar Zacharie (1827­1900), the famous, or infamous, chiropodist to Abraham Lincoln, and self-styled `M.D.' and `Chiropodist-General to the United States Army', published a book in New York in 1860... Authorship was easy to him; he took much of the text from Durlacher (and the plates from this book), some from Eisenberg, added a few pages of his own, and then presented it as his own work..." (Dagnall). In 1875 Zacharie returned to England and published this edition mis-stating the date of the American edition, thereby hoping to make it appear that his book had originally appeared before those of Durlacher and Eisenberg, and that they had pirated him, rather than the reverse. He also failed to remove the reference to plates on the title-page, as there aren't any. See Dagnall, "The history of chiropodial literature", in The Chiropodist, 1965.

ADDENDA 121. BURROWS, George Man. Commentaries on the Causes, Forms, Symptoms, and Treatment, moral and medical, of Insanity. London: Thomas and George Underwood, 1828.

8vo, pp. xv, 716, 1 folding table. Modern half calf antique. Slight foxing on the half-title and last page, otherwise a very clean copy. £450 FIRST EDITION. "Contemporary reviewers rated this work the most elaborate and complete treatise in the English language. It was reprinted in America and translated into German" (Hunter & Macalpine pp. 777­783). Ten years elapsed between the notice of proposed publication and the actual appearance of this book. A thief is supposed to have stolen Burrows' portfolio containing all of his notes and memoranda.

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First and Second British Censuses 122. [CENSUS.] [1] Abstract of the Answers and Returns made pursuant to an Act, passed in the Forty-first Year of His Majesty King George III intituled, "An Act for taking an Account of the Population of Great Britain, and the Increase or Diminution thereof." Enumeration [Vol. 2: Parish-Registers]. Part I. England and Wales [Part II: Scotland]. [London:] Ordered to be printed [by Luke Hansard] 21st December 1801 [Part II: 9th June 1802]. [And:] [2] Abstract of the Answers and Returns made pursuant to an Act, passed in the fiftyfirst year of His Majesty King George III... Preliminary Observations. Enumeration Abstract. Parish-Register Abstract. [London:] Ordered...to be printed, 2 July 1812.

3 volumes, small folio (the volume for 1812 slightly taller), 2 leaves (general title and "Questions"), 3 leaves, pp. 503, 1 leaf, pp. 509­547; 2 leaves, pp. 459; pp. xxxi, 1 leaf, pp. 511, 1 leaf, pp. 200. Contemporary speckled half calf, red and black morocco labels on spines (some marbled paper torn from lower cover of vol. 3 and upper joint cracked at foot), a fine set. £950 [1] FIRST EDITION. The first British census, a landmark event in the history of statistics and demography. Undertaken only three years after the publication of Malthus's Essay on the principle of population (1798), it confounded Malthus's fear of falling population. The first attempt at a census in 1753 was violently opposed on the grounds that it would infringe liberty and disclose to enemies the weakness of the country's fighting strength. "By the end of the century, however, owing to a great extent to the publication of the essays of Malthus,... it was thought desirable to possess the means of judging from time to time the relations between an increasing population and the means of subsistence... The schedule required the number of houses, inhabited and otherwise, the population of each family, by sex, and the occupation, under one of the three heads, (a) agriculture, (b) trade, manufacture, or industry, or (c) other than these two... A supplementary statement of births, deaths, and marriages for each parish was required from the clergy..." (Ency. Brit.) The principal person behind the census was the statistician John Rickman. "He devised the methods to be employed, and prepared the reports which were published in 1801, 1811, 1821, and 1831" (DNB). [2] FIRST EDITION. The second British census, ten years after the first, in which "the chief alteration in the inquiry was the substitution of the main occupation of the family for that of the individual. The report on this census contained a very valuable exposition of the difficulties involved in such operations and the numerous sources of error latent in an apparently simple set of questions" (Ency. Brit.)

123. EDWARDS, W[illiam] F[rédéric]. De L'Influence des Agens Physiques sur la Vie. A Paris: Chez Crochard, 1824.

8vo, pp. xvi, 654, 2 leaves, 1 folding lithographed plate. Half-title. Contemporary quarter sheep and marbled boards. Small piece torn from lower margin of pp. 103­104 affecting two words, paper slightly browned, some spotting (mostly light, but heavier on a few leaves). A few marginal notes in an early hand. £300 FIRST EDITION. G&M 145.56, 598.1 and 1991. Edwards studied the effects of environmental factors, especially light, on animal life, concluding that vital processes depend on external physical and chemical forces, but are not entirely controlled by them. His studies of these factors on the new-born proved important in the prevention of infant mortality. "...a classic pioneer work on animal ecology..." (DSB).

124. FLOURENS, P[ierre]. Théorie Expérimentale de la Formation des Os. Paris: Chez J.-B. Baillière, 1847.

continued...

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8vo, pp. viii, 164, 7 folding engraved plates of the structure of bones (1 partly hand-coloured). With the half-title, small signature dated 1862 and blind stamp on title. Some foxing. Original printed wrappers, uncut and unopened. £320 FIRST EDITION of Flourens' second book on the subject of the formation of bone, in which he proposes and offers demonstrable proof of his theory of resorption, recounts his experiments using madder to dye bones, discusses earlier theories, and for the first time attempts the problem of the relation between between force and matter in the living body. Flourens had already demonstrated the rôle of the periosteum in the growth of bone.

125. MACCULLOCH, John. A Geological Classification of Rocks, with descriptive synopses of the species and varieties, comprising the elements of practical geology. London: Published by Longman,... 1821.

8vo, pp. xxxi, (i), 655. Contemporary half calf, flat spine gilt, tips of corners slightly worn, but a nice copy. Bookplate of Edward Bunting. £600 FIRST EDITION of Macculloch's "system of classifying rocks. He divided rocks into two main classes: Primary and Secondary. He subdivided Primary into unstratified (granite) and stratified (mainly gneisses and schists, with some sediments). The Secondary included all the younger sediments and a few `unstratified' rocks, which his descriptions clearly indicate were igneous intrusions, although he did not specify them as such. Macculloch also described in detail the occurrences of basalt lava (`trap'), the remains of the extensive Tertiary basalt lava plateau off the west of Scotland" (DSB). Macculloch was one of the pioneers of of British geology and mineralogy, and prepared the first geological map of Scotland. See Zittel, History of geology, p. 113.

126. MACKENZIE, William. A Practical Treatise on the Diseases of the Eye. From the last London edition. Boston: Carter, Hendee and Co. 1833.

8vo, pp. xii, 719. Light foxing throughout, dampstain in upper margin of last 20 leaves with some small holes in the paper. Modern marbled boards and green roan spine, uncut. £300 FIRST AMERICAN EDITION. See G&M 5848 (the London edition of 1830): "In this book Mackenzie, one of the foremost ophthalmologists of his time, included a classic description of the symptomatology of glaucoma, and was probably the first to draw attention to the increase of intra-ocular pressure as a characteristic of the condition. He introduced the term `asthenopia', and was the first to describe sympathetic ophthalmia as a distinct disease." Gorin (p.78) claims this to be the first original book on ophthalmology in the English literature. It replaced all the foreign books in English translation, and won a world-wide reputation. See Becker 241; Lebensohn, An anthology of ophthalmic classics, 193; and Albert, Norton & Hurtes, Source book of ophthalmology, 1425.

127. TORMIN, Ludwig. Magische Strahlen. Die Gewinnung photographischer Lichtbilder lediglich durch odisch-magnetische Austrahlung des menschlichen Körpers. Düsseldorf: Verlag von Schmitz & Olbertz, 1896.

8vo, 20 pages, with 2 figures in the text. Original printed wrappers (spine a little torn), uncut and unopened. £120 FIRST EDITION. The month of publication, March, has been added to the imprint on the upper wrapper. See Otto Glasser, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen and the Early History of the Roentgen Rays, p. 208.

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