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IKINYAMAKURU

KIMURIKIRA ABATURARWANDA

Amatora y'Amerika: Abaperezida 43 bayiyoboye

Umwaka VII: No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008, B.P 4353 Kigali-Rwanda. Tel: 08354880 E-mail: [email protected] Frw 500, Ush 1500, Fbu 1000

Congo: Kagame ateye anyuze kuri Gen. Nkunda?

Abajepe bateje akavuyo kadasanzwe

Umutekano

Politiki

Impamvu 3 zituma mu Rwanda hatazaboneka demukarasi vuba

Repubulika ya Kivu?

Impamvu inteko ya 3 nayo nta cyizere itanga

Ubutabera

Urubanza rwa Ntakirutinka: Ubutabera cyangwa politiki?

This is a Rwanda Independent Media Group (RIMEG) Publication. B.P. 4353 Kigali - Rwanda, Telefone. 55100664, Email: [email protected] Printed by New Vision

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k'uko bigaragazwa n'inyandiko z'urukiko rukuru rwaciye urwo rubanza mu bujurire, hagaragajwe ko Nsengiyumva Jean de Dieu waregaga Ntakirutinka yakoranaga mu bucuruzi na Uzabumwana Augustin, bityo miriyoni 28.000.000frw z'imodoka J.D.Ns. Trading yari yamutumirije akaba yari yaratangiye kuzishyura muri BACAR, ariko aho amenyeye ko abo bacuruzi bafitanye ikibazo akabasaba ko bazamubwira aho amafaranga asigaye azayashyira. Urukiko rwagaragaje ko Nsengiyumva Jean de Dieu na Uzabumwana Augustin bakoraga nk'abafite isosiyete, umwe yigaragaza nka Diregiteri, undi yigaragaza nka Diregiteri mukuru, ndetse bakongeramo n'umunyamabanga ushinzwe ubucuruzi, kandi J.D.Ns. Triding ari izina rya Nsengiyumva Jean de Dieu, ibyo bakabikora babizi babigaragaza mu maso ya Ntakirutinka nk'abafite sosiyete kandi bazi neza ko nta buzima gatozi igira, itabaho, ahubwo aribo ubwabo bihishe inyuma ya J.D.Ns. Trading! Urukiko rwagaragaje ko mu mikorere yabo y'ubucuruzi Uzabumwana Augustin yari muramu wa Nsengiyumva Jean de Dieu, ko banabanaga no mu nzu imwe. Bigaragara ko bakoranye ubucuruzi rimwe bakishyira hamwe ubundi bagakora batandukanye ariko bakoresha izina J.D.Ns. Trading. Urukiko rukaba rwaravuze ko iyo myitwarire idahwitse mu bucuruzi. Bagatanga n'urugero rw'ibyaburanywe mu rubanza RCA 234/R1/Rh rwaciwe n'icyahoze ari urukiko rw'ubujurire rwa Ruhengeri ku itariki ya 26/4/1999, aho izina J.D.Ns. Trading ryateje impaka z'uwishyuwe hagati ya Uzabumwana Augustin na Nsengiyumva Jean de Dieu. Urukiko rwagaragaje ko iyo myitwarire yabo yateje urujijo(confusion) Ntakirutinka Charles, akishyura uwo atagombaga kwishyura (kuko atari Imana imenya byose). Ibyo ngo bikaba byarashobotse kubera imikoranire idakurikije amategeko Uzabumwana Augustin yari afitanye na BACAR, igaragarira mu nyandiko yandikiye iyo Banki yitwa "reconnaissance/décharge", aho yabwiye iyo Banki ko idakwiye gushidikanya gukora "bénéficiaire" J.D.Ns. Trading compte 070-2005570-80/307 ya Bwana Uzabumwana Augustin kuko atari ubwa mbere bene izo operations ziba kandi nta mpinduka n'imwe(...) Urukiko rwagaragaje ko Ntakirutinka yazaniwe factures ebyiri : imwe yasinywe na secretaire commercial Mwiseneza Paul yanga kuyiha agaciro kuko itari yujuje ibyangombwa kandi yari azi ko na Nsengiyumva Jean de Dieu ntaho yari yagiye, ahubwo

Urup. 2

Urubanza rwa Ntakirutinka: Ubutabera cyangwa politiki?

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Ubutabera

Urukiko rwategetse ko imodoka ze ebyiri zitezwa cyamunara kandi zaragurishijwe cyera Uwakurikiranye urubanza ati: Ubucamanza ntibwarebesheje amaso yombi

aha agaciro facture yazaniwe na Uzabumwana Augustin bucyeye kuko ari yo yari yujuje ibyangombwa. Ibi bikaba bigaragazwa n'inyandikomvugo yashyikirijwe urukiko yasinywe hagati ya Ntakirutinka, Uzabumwana na Nsengiyumva yo ku itariki ya 15/4/1996. Iyo nyandiko ikaba inavuga ko Uzabumwana ari nawe wazaniye Ntakirutinka imodoka ifite ibyangombwa byose, bityo Ntakirutinka akaba yarishyuye 19.000.000frw, na 3.200.000frw ku izina rya J.D.Ns. Trading, bahurira muri ya nama twavuze haruguru akababaza aho amafaranga asigaye azayashyira kuko yari amaze kumenya ko bafitanye ibibazo, bakumvikana ko bazabimubwira nibamara kubikemura. BACAR yashyizweho ayo mafaranga ku izina rya J.D.Ns Trading ntiyigeze iza mu Rukiko Rukuru kandi Ntakirutinka yarakomeje gutakamba abisaba, bitewe nuko iyo ayo mafaranga aba ataragiye kuwo agomba kujyaho bari kubisobanura. Urukiko rwifuje kumenya uburyo JD.Ns. Trading igira compte n'uburyo yishyurwa, Nsenguyumva avuga ko ari enterprise ye ifite na regisre de commerce. Abajijwe aho we na J.D.Ns. Trading batandukaniye asubiza ko ari bamwe, ko iyo agiy egutanga urupapuro arutanga nk'umuntu uhagarariye iyo nom commercial. Abajijwe niba mu bucuruzi yari afatanyije na Uzabumwana Augustin kuko inyandiko zanditseho J.D.Ns. Trading bose bazisinyagaho, yasubije ko ibyo babiburanye mu zindi manza, ngo bikaza kugaragara ko yamwibaga impapuro, ariko yongeraho ko byakozwe mu mwaka wa 1995. Nsengiyumva yanibwiriye urukiko ko, impamvu yemeye gusinya inyandikomvugo y'inama yo ku itariki ya 15/04/1996, ari uko nta kindi kimenyetso yari afite cyemeza ko iyo modoka yayihaye Ntakirutinka. Urukiko rwifuje kumenya igihe sosiyete y'igih egito Nsenguyumva na Uzabumwana bashyizeho yaviriyeho, asubiza ko iyo association momentanée yagombaga kurangirira ku modoka 16 bari baguze, kuko amasezerano yavugaga ko birangirana n'ibyo baguze, bikaba byararangiye ku itariki ya 30/12/1995, ariko ko nta kindi bakoze cyo gusesa iyo sosiyete. Habajijwe impamvu mu masezerano bavugaga ko imodoka zimwe zandikwa kuri J.D.Ns. Trading, kuri Nsengiyumva no kuri Uzabumwana, asubiza ko babikoze kubera ubujiji! Urukiko rwakomeje kugaragaza ko Ntakirutinka yashyizwe mu rujijo bigatuma akorana amasezerano na J.D.Ns. Trading nka sosiyete kandi itabaho, nyamara mu kurebesha ijisho rimwe k'urukiko, rukavuga ko bigaragara ko na Ntakirutinka yagize ubushishozi buke mu gihe yari amaze kubona factures ebyiri. Urukiko rukaba rwarakomereje aho rureba uruhande rumwe ruvuga ko Ntakirutinka akwiye gukurikirana Uzabumwana Augustin kuko yamujijishije akamwishyuza, ariko akihutira kwishyura Nsengiyumva Jean de Dieu 28.000.000frw, kandi ahandi urukiko rwagaragaje ko abo bagabo bakoranaga bakaba baranamujijishije bigaragaza nk'abafite sosiyete. Mu byo urukiko Rukuru rwemeje, rwavuze ko indishyi z'akababaro Nsenguyumva Jean de Dieu yaka za 4.000.000frw atazihabwa kuko nawe yagize imyitwarire itanoze mu bucuruzi bwe yatumye Ntakirutinka Charles ajya mu rujijo. Muri kwa kurebesha ijisho rimwe no kureba iruhande kw'urukiko,

Yatsinzwe kubera kujijishwa: Charles Ntakirutinka inyandikomvugo yakozwe na bose nk'uko twabivuze haruguru, yasoje ivuga ko Ntakirutinka Charles azakomeza gukoresha iyo modoka J.D. Ns. Trading yamugejejeho, ariko se, kuki nyuma bitubahirijwe kandi iyo nyandiko yo ku itariki ya 15/04/1996 igifite agaciro kubayisinye. Urukiko rwayitesheje agaciro rushingiye kuki? Urukiko rwemeje ko Ntakirutinka atsinzwe kandi rugaragaza ko yajijishijwe n'abo bagabo b'abacuruzi bari bafatanyije, ariko ntiberekane ukuntu Ntakirutinka yari gutahura iby'ubucuruzi bwabo n'isosiyete yabo itari izwi na leta mu rwego rw'amategeko. Urukiko rwategetse Ntakirutinka Charles kwishyura Nsengiyumva Jean de Dieu amafaranga y'ikiguzi cy'imodoka 28.000.000frw camion Nissan Diesel Benne TK20 GD RR A, na 1/3 cy'inyungu zayo gihwanye na 20.641.704frw, na 1.300.000frw y'ikurikiranarubanza, yose hamwe akaba 49.941.704frw. Rwategetse ko yishyura n'umusogongero wa 4% wa leta uhwanye na 1.997.668frw, ndetse n'amagarama y'urubanza angana na 52.400frw. Ikindi twamenyesha abasomyi ni uko imodoka za Ntakirutinka z'amakamyo ebyiri zari zarafatiriwe zagurishijwe atabizi urubanza rukiburanwa. Urukiko rukuru rukaba rwarasoje rutegeka ko zizagurishwa kugira ngo hishyurwe ibyo atsindiwe kandi zaratejwe cyamunara kera, bikaba byarasekeje abantu. Ntakirutinka Charles yavuze ko uko urubanza ruciwe bibabaje, bityo akaba azajyana urubanza rwe mu Rukiko rukurikiyeho. Niba rero bo, bazarebesha amaso yose, ni ukubitega amaso. Gusa, abantu batari bake bitabiriye urwo rubanza baribaza niba ubucamanza butarakoreshejwe n'abanyepolitiki, aho gikorera inyungu z'ubutabera, bakurikije imikirize y'urwo rubanza. Twakwibutsa ko Ntakirutinka yakatiwe igifungo cy'imyaka 10, ubu akaba abarizwa muri gereza nkuru ya Kigali. Didas Gasana na Habuhazi Innocent

Ntakirutinka Charles yavuze ko uko urubanza ruciwe bibabaje, bityo akaba azajyana urubanza rwe mu Rukiko rukurikiyeho.

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Polisi: Ibibazo bikomeje kwiyongera N

yuma yaho Umuseso usohoreye amakuru atandukanye agaragaza ibibazo bitandukanye bivugwa muri polisi y'igihugu, abapolisi batandukanye bakomeje kugeza akababaro n'ibibazo byabo k'Umuseso. Twakwibutsa ko, nkuko twabitangaje mu kinyamakuru Umuseso, No 307 na 311, polisi y'igihugu ivugwamo ibibazo bitandukanye. Kw'isonga hari ruswa, yabaye imvo n'imvano y'iyirukanwa ry'abahoze ari abakuru ba Polisi aribo uwahoze ari Komiseri Generali, Andrew Rwigamba, uwahoze ayobora ishami ry'ubugenzacyaha (CID), Costa Habyara, n'uwahoze ayobora Gishari police academy, Sano Lambert. Hari kandi ibibazo cyo kuzamurwa mu ntera, akarengane, imibereho mibi ndetse n'imishahara mito. Hari kandi ikibazo cyo kudakoresha amafaranga uko bikwiye ndetse n'inyerezwa ry'amafaranga agera kuri miliyoni 22 agenewe gutunga imbwa za polisi. bamwe mu bapolisi bakaba batangaza ko rikorwa n'abayobozi bakuru ba Polisi. Ibindi bibazo ni iyicwa ry'amategeko agenga polisi, kutagira database, n'ibindi. Ubu noneho ikibazo kigezweho ni abapolisi bafungwa kubera amakosa atandukanye, cyangwa se bazira ubusa, ariko bamara gufungurwa bagahera mu gihirahiro kubera ko badasubizwa mu kazi, cyangwa se ngo basezererwe burundu nkuko amategeko agenga polisi abiteganya. Abo bapolis ni benshi, ariko uwagize ubutwari bwo kwemera ko amazina ye ashyirwa ahagaragara ni Bernard Ndayisaba. Si ubwa mbere kandi Bernard Ndayisaba agize ubwo butwari bwo kwigaragaza mw'itangazamakuru, avuga ibitagenda muri Polisi. Ibyo nibyo byamuviriyemo gufungwa amezi atandatu, afunzwe na Police Disciplinary Unit, akaba yarafungiwe I Kibungo. Mu kiganiro yagiranye n'Umuseso kuwa 09 Ukwakira 2007, Bernard Ndayisaba yatangaje ko yafunzwe kuwa 18 Nyakanga 2007, afungirwa mu kigo cya disipulini cya polisi, aregwa amakosa yo guta akazi mu gihe cy'amezi icumi no gusebya polisi mu kinyamakuru cy'umuseso. Bernard yakomeje atangariza Umuseso ko ko yakatiwe na komite ya disipulini ya DPU ya Rulindo, igifungo cy'amezi atandatu no kwirukanwa mu kazi. Yakomeje agira ati: "nk'uko biteganywa n'iteka rya Ministiri No 004/05 ryo kuwa 22 Ukuboza 2005 rishyiraho amabwiriza agenga imyitwarire, ibihano by'amakosa n'isuzuma ryabyo muri polisi y'Igihugu, mu ngingo ya 39, igika cya 3 ivuga ko uwakatiwe igihano cy'igifungo kirengeje amezi 4 asezererwa muri polisi y'Igihugu, nyuma yo kurangiza igihano ,nahagaritse by'agateganyo kuwa 05 werurwe 2008." Iteka rya Perezida No 155/01 ryo kuwa 31 Ukuboza 2002 rishyiraho sitati igenga polisi y'igihugu, mu ngingo ya 50, igika cya 3, rivuga ko ihagarikwa ku murimo by'agateganyo ribuza umupolisi gukora undi murimo uwo ariwo wose kandi agategereza igihe ntarengwa cy'amezi atandatu. Ibyo Bernard, na bagenzi be benshi ariko badusabye batakamba ko amazina yabo atagaragara mu kinyamakuru, barabyubahirije. Ariko abo bapolisi bahangayikishijwe no kuba igihe giteganywa n'amategeko cyararenze, ubuyobozi bwa polisi bukaba ntacyo bukora- byaba kubasubiza mu kazi cyangwa se kubasezerera burundu. Bernard yakomeje agira ati: "cyo gihe kimaze kurengaho iminsi 26 kuko cyarangiye kuwa 05 Nzeli 2008." Iyo niyo mpamvu uwo mupolisi yandikiye ubuyobozi bukuru bwa polisi, ndetse na Minisitiri w'umutekano mu gihugu, asaba kurenganurwa. Twakwibutsa ko ingingo ya 53 ya sitati igenga Polisi y'igihugu iteganya ko ihagarikwa ku murimo by'agateganyo rirangirana no kwirukanwa nta nteguza, gusubizwa ku kazi nyuma y'igihano

erezida w'igihugu agomba kurindwa mu buryo bushoboka bwose ikibi icyo ari cyo cyose, mu nyungu z'abanyarwanda, ariko ntibivuze ko umutekano w'abamutoye ugomba kuhazaharira, nkuko byagendekeye abaturage batuye mu murenge wa Ntarama, akarere ka Bugesera. Amakuru Ikinyamakuru Umuseso gikesha bamwe mu baturage b'uwo murenge, avuga ko abajepe (abashinzwe kurinda umutekano wa Perezida Kagame) basesekaye muri uwo murenge ku wa 03 Ukwakira 2008, bari mucyo bita Advance Party, yari igamije gutegura uruzinduko rwa Perezida Kagame, bagakora ibishoboka byose ntihazagire igihungabanya umutekano we. Perezida Kagame akaba yarasuye uwo murenge kuwa 07 Ukwakira 2008, aho yari agiye gufungura ishuri ry'imyuga (technical school) rimaze kubakwa muri uwo murenge. Nkuko abo baturage ba-

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Abajepe bateje akavuyo kadasanzwe

pamvu z'umutekano wabo, abo bajepe basatse ingo hafi ya zose z'uwo murenge, inshuro zirenga eshatu. Ibyo ariko birasanzwe ariko ikidasanzwe, ni amasaha yo gusaka ndetse n'uburyo isaka ryakozwe. Nkuko abo baturage bakomeje babivuga, Abo bajepe bazaga gusaka hagati ya saa sita na sa munani za ninjoro, bakoresha igitugu n'amagambo y'iterabwoba. Avugana n'Umuseso ku wa 06 Ukwakira 2008, umunsi umwe mbere y'uruzinduko rwa Perezida Kagame, umwe muri abo baturage yagize ati: "gusaka ni byiza pe kuko ni ukurinda umutekano wa Nyakubahwa Perezida wacu kandi inkozi z'ibibi ntizabura, ariko bariya bajepe bakoresheje iterabwoba ridasanzwe, babyutsa impinja bajugunya hanze, batababarira n'abarwayi." Mugenzi we yunzemo ati: "ingabo z'u Rwanda twari tuzimenyereye nk'abasirikare barangwa na disipulini ariko bariya bajepe baje kudusaka babangirije isura mu maso y'abo bashinzwe kurinda. Ese wowe abantu baje gusaka saa saba z'ijoro, bakaduterera hejuru, ibintu bakajugunya, nta kinyabupfura na gito bagaragariza abasaza n'abakecuru, ibyo bisobanuye iki?" Umukecuru nawe utuye i

Uruzinduko rwa Kagame:

Amakuru

Urup. 3

Abo uyobora baranengwa: Col Tom Byabagamba

biduhishuriye ariko batakamba ko tutatangaza amazina yabo kubera im-

Ntarama we yatangarije Umuseso, n'agahinda kenshi, ati: "mbega abana batagira ikinyabupfura. Uzi kubona umwana ubyaye bwa gatanu agusohora mu buriri saa munani za ninjoro, ataguhaye n'umwanya wo kwambara. Ni agahomamunwa." Umuyobozi wa Presidential Guard, Colonel Tom Byabagamba, ntabwo twashoboye kuvugana ngo adusobanurire ukuri n'impamvu y'ako kavuyo kadasanzwe mu isakwa kuko telefoni ye igendanwa itanyuragamo kugeza tujya mu icapiro. Didas M. Gasana

Urasabwa gutabara: Mary Gahonzire cyatanzwe n'inkiko cyangwa cyatanzwe n'ubuyobozi, gusubizwa ku kazi nyuma y'ifungwa ry'agateganyo cyangwa se kwirukanwa burundu. Ibyo byose bivugwa muri iriya ngingo bigomba gukorwa mbere y'igihe cy'amezi atandatu, ariko kuri Ndayisaba na bagenzi be, ntabyabaye. Didas M. Gasana

Jenerali Nkunda acyahumeka uw'abazima

Kabila yahisemo interahamwe none agiye kongera gusahurwa amabuye

"Ntituzakomeza kwihanganira imyitwarire ya Kongo" Minisitiri Museminari

Urukiko rwategetse ko ibya Ntakirutinka bigurishwa byararangiye kera

Amerika: Obama akomeje kwanikira MCain muri 'debat'

"ORINFOR yabogamiye kuri FPR mu matora" HCP

Urup. 4

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Uko mbyumva

na Didas M. Gasana

Ari Musoni na Biruta bataka ibigwi, ari uwacitse ku icumu rya jenoside, ari wowe usoma iyi nyandiko, ari nanjye wayanditse, twese turabishobozwa n'amaraso y'izo ntwari, ari nayo mpamvu yaba leta, ari abanywarwanda bose muri rusange, ari inshingano yacu yo gufasha impfubyi, ababyeyi n'abapfakazi b'abaguye kurugamba. Mugihe Musoni na Biruta bagendera muma jeep, impfubyi y'umusirikare waguye kurugamba, ariwe watumye abo bagabo bombi bagendera mur'ayo ma jeep, arirukanwa kw'ishuri kubera amafaranga y'ishuri mugihe umupfakazi we yirirwa asabiriza umuhisi n'umugenzi inkunga yo kugura akabati. Uwamugariye kur'urwo rugamba amaze imyaka 14 mubitaro bya gisirikare I Kanombe, atari ukubera ko arembye, ahubwo ari ukubera ko adafite aho kuba. Ibitaro byabaye icumbi kuri we. Ingero: Adolphe Sakindi, mwene Sekabwa Theodomir na Kayuku Josephine, imyaka 42, winjiye igisirikare cya RPA muri 90 muri `intake' ya mbere yo mu Kagera. Yarasiwe CND, acika amaguru yombi. Kuva 94, yibera mu bitaro bya gisirikare I Kanombe, kuko adafite aho kuba. Undi ni Innocent Mutuyimana, imyaka 33, yinjiye muri RPA muri 94 ari nabwo yarashwe bikamuviramo ubumuga budakira. Kugeza ubu ntacyintu ashoboye kwikorera, ntaho afite ho kuba. Ubwo twabasuraga I Kanombe mu mwaka ushize, barengaga 40. Ikiza ariko, nuko nyuma yo gutakamba kwinshi, leta y'u Rwanda yiyemeje kubaka amazu macye bamwe mur'abo basirikare bazabamo. Gutinda biruta guhera. Muri Nyakanga, nabonye ikintu cyambabaje cyane. Umupfakazi w'umusirikare waguye kurugamba yabaga munzu y'uwacitse kw'icumu ayikodesha. Mugihe umwana w'uwo wacitse kw'icumu arihirwa na FARG, umwana w'uwo mupfakazi (ise yaguye kurugamba) yari amaze iminsi ibiri atahya kwishuri kubera kwirukanirwa amafaranga y'ishuri. Nagahinda kenshi, uwo mupfakazi yambwiye ati: "aba bategetsi bibagiwe ko bicaye ho bicaye kubera amaraso y'umugabo wange. Sinanze ko abacitse kw'icumu bafashwa ariko leta ikwiye gushyira mugaciro natwa ikadufasha." Aho ikibazo cy'impfubyi n'abapfakazi b'abaguye kurugamba gikomerera nukubona bagenzi b'abaguye kurugamba bagize amahirwa yo kubaho ntacyo babafasha.

Igitekerezo

IKINYAMAKURU KIMURIKIRA ABATURARWANDA

M

Kongo: Intambara irasenya ntiyubaka

Dore Uko Tubibona

Uko impfubyi n'abapfakazi b'abaguye ku rugamba babayeho biduhe isomo

M

uri iyi minsi mu gihugu cya Kongo haratutumba intambara ikomeye, nyuma yaho inyeshyamba ziyobowe na Jenerali Laurent Nkunda zitangarije ko imirwano ariyo nzira yonyine yo gukemura ibibazo basanga biterwa na Kabila. Ibyo byaje mu gihe u Rwanda narwo rwari rukomeje gutangaza ko rutazihanganira ikibazo cy'interahamwe n'umutekano ruke rutewe na Kongo. Minisitiri w'ububanyi n'amahanga w'u Rwanda Rosemary Museminari yaangarije abahagarariye ibihugu byabo mu Rwanda ko u Rwand rufite uburenganzira bwo kwikiza umwanzi. Yasabye amahanga kwamagana ibikorwa na leta ya Kabila cyane cyane imyitwarire yarwo ku kibazo cy'interahamwe. Ibyo byose ni umwuka mubi wumvikanamo n'imvugo ishyira intambara; uko bigaragara, birumvikana ko u Rwanda rudashobora kwizera umutekano interahamwe zirunze hariya muri Kongo. Ikibazo cy'interahamwe ni ikibazo kimaze igihe cyagombye kuba cyarabonewe umuti cyera ariko ntibyashobotse. Turasanga, nkuko Minisitiri Museminari yabisabye, amahanga akwiye gufata imyanzuro ikomeye ku kibazo cy'interahamwe, mu rwego rwo kuburizamo intambara muri Kongo, izasubiza inyuma intambwe Kongo yari imaze gutera nyuma yahoo abaturage bari bitoreye ubuyobozi batangiye inziza ya demokarasi. Gusa na none, abo bireba bose, cyane cyane ibihugu byose bigize akarere k'ibiyaga bigari bakwiye gushyira imbere inzira z'amahoro, intambara ntibe ariyo irebwamo umuti gusa-ubwo ni ukuvuga yaba ikibazo cy'interahamwe n'ibindi bibazo bigaragazwa n'abantu nka Nkunda.

Ubwanditsi

w'ijambo yavugiye mu birori byo kwizihiza umunsi wo gukunda igihugu kuwa 01 Ukwakira 2008 byabereye mu karere ka Kamonyi, Minisitiri w'ubutegetsi bw'igihugu n'imibereho myiza y'abaturage, Musoni Protais, yatangaje ko abatangiye urugamba rwo kubohora igihugu kugeza ubwo batanze ubuzima bwabo bakwiye kubera urugero abanyarwanda ku bijyanye no gukunda igihugu cyabo. Ndemeranya nawe ijana kurindi ko abitangiye iki gihugu bagikundaga bihebuje. Ariko nanone, Musoni yibagiwe ikintu cy'ingenzi: Impfubyi n'abapfakazi b'abaguye kurugamba nabo bakwiye kubera urugero abanyarwanda. Ndetse ndanongeraho n'abamugariye kurugamba. Uko abitangiye iki gihugu bakwiye kutubera urugero mu gukunda igihugu cyacu ni nako uko impfubyi n'abapfakazi b'abaguye kurugamba babayeho, kimwe n'ababyeyi babo n'abamugariye kurugamba, bakwiye kutubera urugero uko abana bacu, ababyeho bacu, bazabaho natwe twitangiye igihugu cyacu. Nanone kandi, abamugariye kurugamba nabo bakkwiye kutwibutsa uko tuzabaho natwe turumugariyeho. Ijambo rya Musoni ntaho ritaniye niry Vincent Biruta, Perezida wa sena, yavuze kuwa 13 Mata 2007, mumuhango wo kwibuka itsembabwoko ryabaye 1994 ubwo yasingizaga ubutwari bw'abahoze ari abasirikare ba RPA bitangiye kubohoza igihugu, bagahagarika itsembabwoko ndetse agasaba ko batubera urugera kubijyanye no gukunda igihugu. Icyo gihe, nakurikiraniraga uwo muhango kuri Televizyo y'u Rwanda, ndikumwe numukecuru duturanye. Umwana rukumbi w'uwo mukecuru yaguye kurugamba mu 1994. Uwo mukecuru akimara kumva ayo magambo, yarimyoje, agira ati: "Kubasingiza se bimaze iki?" Uwo mukecuru ahagarariye abanyarwanda benshi bari babeshejweho n'abana babo baguye kurugamba, ubu bakaba babayeho ubuzima bubi cyane. Nyuma y'imyaka 14 FPR ifashe ubutegetsi, benshi mumpfubyi n'abapfakazi b'abaguye kurugamba bagorwa cyane kubona icyo barya, aho bahengeka umusaya, kwivuza n'ibindi. Nibyiza ko izo ntwari zacu tuzitaka ibigwi, ariko hari byinshi byiza byakorwa biruta kubataka ibigwi gusa, aribyo gufasha impubyi abapfakazi n'ababyeyi babo.

Nkibaza ukuntu RDF yategeka abasirikare bose gutanga umusanzu w'ikipe ya APR FC, ntibatekereza kureba uburyo bafasha impfubyi n'abapfakazi ba bagenzi babo biciwe hamwe inzara n'imbeho mu birunga. Iki kibazo nakibajije Col Dodo Twahirwa, m'Ukuboza 2006, ansubiza ko Minisiteri y'ingabo ibafasha ndetse ko nawe ubwe abafasha. Yambwiye ko abana babiri ba late Kiiza (RIP) baba iwe, MINADEF ikaba ibishyurira amafaranga y'ishuri. Ki kibazo kandi nakibajije Mary Gahonzire, umuyobozi wa polisi w'agateganyo, kuwa 02 Gasyantare 2007, ansubiza ko leta ikora uko ishoboye ngo ibafashe ariko ibyo bisobanuro bya Dodo na Gahonzire biramaganwa nabo bakeneye gufashwa. Uwo mupfakazi navuze haruguru yambwiye ko habagaho ishyirahamwe tyitwa Benishyaka, ryashyiriweho gufasha impfubyi n'abapfakazi, ariko ubu rikaba ryarabohojwe n'abafasha b'abasirikare ba RDF bakomeye. Major Jill Rutaremara ni umuvugizi w'ingabo. Namubajije icyo MINADEF ifasha abo Bantu kuwa 06 Gicurasi 2007, ansubiza ko bije ya MINADEF hatarimo amafaranga agenewe gufasha impfubyi n'abapfakazi b'abaguye kurugamba. Ibyo bikaba binyuranije nibyo Col Dodo yambwiye. Gusa, Rutaremara yambwiye ye ko MINALOC, iyobowe na Musoni Protais, ariyo ifite izo nshingano. Izo mpfubyi n'abapfakazi (Musoni na Biruta bavuga ko ba se n'abafasha babo baguye kurugamba bakwiye kubera urugero abanyarwanda) ntibazira gusa kutitabwaho, ahubwo niyo bagerageje kwisuganya ngo bagire icyo bimarira, ntibibagwa neza. Muri 2006, bamwe mumpfubyi z'abaguye kurugamba bahisemo gukora ishyirahamwe kugirango bafashanye mu kwiga no gufasha umubyeyi wabo wasigaye ariko uwo mugambi uburizwamo n'abashinzwe umutekano (maneko). Mugihe mubindi bihugu nka Uganda cyangwa se Benin hariho gahunda yo kurihira amashuri no kuvuza impfubyi n'abapfakazi b'abasirikare babo baguye kurugamba, mu Rwanda ho abategetsi babitura kuvuga ibigwi gusa. Ingaruka mbona ni uko amaherezo abo baguye kurugamba bazabura ababagwa mu ntege. Ikibazo gikomeye kikaba niba leta yo ibibona. Cellphone: 08691253/ 05109103 E-mail: [email protected]

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yuma y'amatora yo mu kwezi gushize, na n'ubu abantu baracyayavugaho byinshi. Aya matora, Komisiyo y'amatora iyishimiraho byinshi ariko icya mbere ni umutuzo n'umutekano wayaranze. Aha umuntu akaba atashimira Komisiyo, ahubwo Polisi y'igihugu na RDF nibyo bikwiye guhabwa bravo. Ku bindi bikorwa by'amatora, Komisiyo n'abayobozi b'inzego z'ibanze bakaba bataritwaye neza kubera kugengwa n'ishyaka riri ku butegetsi, ari naryo benshi muri bo babereye abayoboke. Nko ku byerekeranye no kwiyamamaza, ahenshi mu gihugu wasangaga mbere ya saa sita, umuyobozi w'akarere yambaye umwenda w'ubuyobozi, nyuma ya saa sita agahindura, akaba umuhuzabikorwa wa FPR, arimo ayamamaza kandi ategeka buri wese kuzayitora. Si ku rwego rw'akarere gusa, kuko no ku murenge, ku kagari no ku mudugudu byari uko. Amashyaka PL na PSD niyo nyirabayazana Igihe inzego z'ibanze zatorwaga, FPR n'amashyaka bifatanyije kuyobora igihugu, bumvikanye ko mu kwiyamamaza mu nzego z'ibanze, nta gushingira ku mashayaka bigomba kubaho. FPR igomba kuba yarabaciye ruhinga inyuma, maze muri izo nzego yuzuzamo abayoboke bayo, mu gihe andi mashyaka yari akibwira ko mu nzego z'ibanze hatowe abatekinisiye. Icyaje kugaragara nyuma, ni uko ba batekinisiye bahindutse abacengezamatwara ba FPR, ku buryo mu gihe cy'amatora bakoresha ububasha bahawe mu nyungu z'ishayaka riri ku butegetsi. Ibi byagaragaye bwa mbere mu matora ya 2003, abantu baravuga bati mu matora y'inzego z'ibanze yakurikiyeho mu 2006, amashyaka nka PL na PSD azaharanira ko mu nzego z'ibanze demukarasi yagerayo, noneho abantu bakiyamamaza bashingiye ku mashyaka. Iyi mitwe ya politiki isigaye igaragara nk'ibereyeho gutoba politiki mu Rwanda, yararuciye irarumira, FPR yo yigarurira imyanya y'abameya hafi ya yose, itwara imyanya yose y'abanyamabanga nshingwabikorwa b'uturere, imirenge n'utugari, yongeraho n'abayobozi bose b'imidugudu. Ibi byose byabaye amashyaka yose abizi kandi arora. Kuba ntacyo yakoze ngo abyamagane cyangwa ngo nayo ahatanire iyo myanya, nta muntu n'umwe wabigusobanurira. Icyagaragaye rero ejobundi mu matora y'abadepite, ni uko abo bayobozi bose bamamaje bakanatoresha ishyaka ryabakamiye. "Nitwe twabaye aba mbere mu gutora neza" Iyi ni imvugo muri iyi minsi usan-

Abayobozi baribaza irengero ry'amajwi ya FPR agera kuri 20%

Buri muyobozi wese yatsinze irushanwa mu gutora FPR Kuki FPR iheza PL na PSD mu nzego z'ibanze, ikazikigira ikibaba mu nteko no muri guverinoma

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Amatora

Urup. 5

Yariyibye cyangwa yaribwe: Francois Ngarambe gana abayobozi ku nzego zitandukanye hirya no hino mu gihugu. Koko rero, abayobozi ku nzego z'ibanze iyo muhuye muri iyi minsi usanga buri wese akubwira ko aho ayobora ari bo babaye aba mbere mu gutora neza. Iyo usesenguye neza iyo mvugo, usanga abo bayobozi baba bashaka kuvuga ko aho bayoboye ari bo bagize amajwi menshi yahundagajweho FPR. Wakwibaza uti ese ko FPR yabonye 78%, ni ukuvuga ko muri buri karere cyangwa umurenge niko ijanisha ryari riteye? Reka da! Abenshi muri aba bayobozi ibyo bavuga bifite ishingiro kuko ibarura mu nzego z'ibanze ryerekanaga ko ahenshi FPR yari iri hejuru ya 90%. Kuba rero amajwi ku rwego rw'igihugu yatangajwe na Komisiyo y'amatora yarerekanye ko ishyaka riri ku butegetsi ryayatsinze ryabonye 78%, buri muyobozi wese ku nzego zitandukanye, ahereye ku mibare yari afite aho ayobora, asanga ari we wabaye uwa mbere mu gihugu. Gusa igikomeje kuba urujijo ni aho amajwi akabakaba 20% yaba yararengeye! Nubwo Perezida wa Komisiyo y'amatora Karangwa Chrisologue akunze kwibasira abantu bamunenga nk'indorerezi, kugeza ubu abayoboke ba FPR bamubajije irengero ry'amajwi yabo kuva ku nzego zo hasi, nta bisobanuro yabona. Amahirwe afite ni uko ari umuyoboke w'iryo shyaka, akaba ari nta gushidikanya ko ibyo yakoze byaba byaraturu-

Yaribiwe: Vincent Biruta tse mu buyobozi bw'iryo shyaka, ryabonye ritakwiharira imyanya yose, mu rwego rwo guhuma amaso abaterankunga ko demukarasi mu Rwanda imaze kuba ubukombe. Umwe mu banyamabanga nshingwabikorwa w'umurenge hano mu ntara y'amajyepfo yagize ati: "Ni igitangaza rwose! Nta gushidikanya ko FPR yibwe amajwi, kuko buri munyamabanga nshingwabikorwa tuganiriye, ambwira ko umurenge we warushije uwanjye mu guhundagaza amajwi kuri FPR. Imibare abo bagenzi banjye twaganiriye bambwiye, nasanze cyo kimwe n'iyacu iri hejuru ya 97%. Ariko iyo bigeze ku rwego rw'igihugu, tukibaza ibarurishamibare ryakoreshejwe maze amajwi yacu akagabanuka. Ahari wenda abayobozi b'umuryango baza-

Yaribiwe: Protais Mitali geraho babidusobanurire, ariko na n'ubu ntiturabyumva ukuntu abaturage bari batwitabiriye, none bakaba barabatsindagiyeho abadepite bakomoka mu mashayaka y'abaryi gusa!". Demukarasi, ni ukwemera ugushaka kw'abaturage Kwiyamamaza bigitangira, ishyaka FPR ryakoresheje igitutu cyane ku buryo hari abayobozi b'ibanze baketse ko ishyaka riri ku butegetsi ryaba rifite ubwoba ko intebe zaryo mu nteko zagabanuka. Ibi byatumye andi mashayaka abangamirwa cyane, abuzwa amahwemo mu kwiyamamaza bigera naho abayobozi bayo mu rwego rw'igihugu babyitotombera. Mu gihe cy'igikorwa cy'itora nyirizina, abayobozi b'ibanze nabo bashyize igitutu ku baturage, bahundagazaho amajwi FPR. Mu kubara inkuru yarakwiriye hose ko PL na PSD zitarengeje, 2%, abantu batangira kwitegura ko abaminisitiri b'ayo mashyaka begura, nkuko itegeko nshinga ribiteganya. Inkuru yabaye kimomo, binavugwa ko umukandida wigenga yaba yarushije kure ayo mashyaka yombi. Icyegeranyo cy'agateganyo cyatangajwe na Komisiyo ku munsi wakurikiye amatora rusange, cyagaragaje amajwi atandukanye cyane n'ayahwihwiswaga n'abakurikiraniye hafi ibarura ry'amajwi, dore ko bitari ibanga. Icyatangaje abantu rero ni uko

Ese ubundi FPR yangira iki ko abatsinzwe bahezwa hanze ya Leta?

Tekinisiye: Chrisologue Karangwa kongerera amajwi ariya mashyaka. Ibibazo umuntu yakwibaza ni ibi bikurikira: kuki FPR ihitamo kugenera PL na PSD, mu cyiciro cyo kubarura? Ese ntibyaba byiza ikuyeho igitugu n'igitutu ishyira kuri ayo mashayaka mu gihe cyo kwiyamamaza, ikareba ingufu ayo mashyaka yaba afite? Ese aho kwambura ku ngufu amajwi ayo mashyaka yakabonye, ukaza kuyagenera nyuma, ntibyaba bitesha agaciro demukarasi yo mu Rwanda? Ese ntibishoboka ko niba mu Rwanda hakorwa amatora, amashyaka yatsinzwe nkuko byagendekeye PL na PSD, yagira ubutwari bwo kubyemera, noneho agakinira politiki hanze ya guverinoma? Ese ubundi FPR yangira iki ko abatsinzwe bahezwa hanze ya Leta? Igisubizo cy'ibi bibazo byose, nicyo cyagaragaza ukuri ku miyoborere yo mu Rwanda. Kwiba utuburira abatinzwe, ni kimwe no kwiba ugabanya amajwi y'abatsinze. Byose ni uburiganya kandi, ni ikimenyetso cy'ubutegetsi bw'igitugu burangwa n'ikinyoma. Ntabwo rero waririmba imiyoborere myiza, wakoresha amatora akagaragaramo kubogama kw'inzego bwite za Leta, igitutu n'inkeke mu kwiyamamaza, kubarura amajwi mu rujijo, byarangira ugatangaza amajwi ukurikije ubwumvikane. Gasore Zachée Umusomyi w'Umuseso Intara y'amajyepfo

Amatora y'Amerika: Abaperezida 43 bayiyoboye

Hanze y'igihugu

Urup. 6

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

U

Azaba uwa 44? Barack Obama

Yabaye Perezida: Calvin Coolidge

Yabaye Perezida: Richard Nixon

sibye kuba nuko hari hatarajyaho itegeko rigena manda, kubera impamvu zitandukanye nk'uburwayi, inshuti (ally) kimwe nuko hari abandi batarangije manda kwitaba imana no kwegura. y'u Rwanda ikomeye, cyane cyane # Izina rya Perezida Imyaka Ishyaka aturukamo kuva aho FPR inkoty'ubuperezida anyi ifatiye ubutegetsi 1 George Washington 1789-1797 mu 1994, Leta zunze 2 John Adams 1797-1801 Federalist ubumwe z'Amerika ni 3 Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809 Democratic-Republican iguhugu cy'igihangange 4 James Madison 1809-1817 Democratic-Republican cya mbere ku isi (su5 James Monroe 1817-1825 Democratic-Republican perpower). Ibyo bivuze 6 John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 Democratic-Republican ko Perezida w'Amerika 7 Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 Democrat aba mu by'ukuri ari 8 Martin Van Buren 1837-1841 Democrat 9 William Henry Harrison 1841-1841(yapfuye Whig we utegeka isi. Iyo niyo akiri Perezida) mpamvu amatora ya 10 John Tyler 1841-1845 Whig Perezida w'Amerika 11 James K. Polk 1845-1849 Democrat akurikiranirwa hafi 12 Zachary Taylor 1849-1850 Whig n'abatuye isi bose. 13 Millard Fillmore 1850-1853 Whig Guhera kuri iyi nime- Yabaye Perezida: Zachary Taylor 14 Franklen Pierce 1853-1857 Democrat ro y'Umuseso kugeza 15 James Buchanan 1857-1861 Democrat amatora abaye ku wa 16 Abraham Lincoln 1861-1865 Republican 04 Ugushyingo 2008, 17 Andrew Johnson 1865-1869 Democrat / National Union tuzajya tubagezaho 18 Gen. Ulysses S. Grant 1869-1877 Republican amakuru anyuranye are19 Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881 Republican 20 James A. Garfield 1881(yapfuye akiri Republican bana n'amatora ndetse Perezida) n'ubutegetsi bw'Amerika 21 Chester A. Arthur 1881-1885 Republican kuva mu gihe cyashize. 22 Grover Cleveland 1885-1889 Democrat Twibutse ko ubu abaha23 Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893 Republican tanira kuyobora Amerika 24 Grover Cleveland 1893-1897 Democrat ari Barack Obama, 25 William McKinley 1897-1901 Republican ukomoka mu ishyaka 26 Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909 Republican ry'abademokarate na John 27 William Howard 1909-1913 Republican McCain, ukomoka mu 28 Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921 Democrat ishyaka ry'abaharanira 29 Warren G. Harding 1921-1923 Republican repubulika. 30 Calvin Coolidge 1923-1929 Republican Turatangira tubagezaho 31 Herbert Hoover 1929-1933 Republican 32 Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1945 Democrat urutonde rw'abaperezida 33 Harry S. Truman 1945-1953 Democrat bayoboye Amerika. Uko 34 Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-1961 Republican ikinyamakuru Umuseso 35 John F. Kennedy 1961-1963 (yapfuye Democrat kizakurikirana, tuza- Yabaye Perezida: John Tyler akiri Perezida) bagezaho abaperezida 10 36 Lyndon B. Johnson 1963-1969 Democrat b'Amerika babaye babi Amerika. 37 Richard M. Nixon 1969-1974 Republican kurusha abandi, udushya Kugeza ubu, Amerika im- 38 Gerald R. Ford 1974-1977 Republican 10 twaranze abaperez- aze kuyoborwa n'abaperezida 39 Jimmy Carter 1977-1981 Democrat ida b'Amerika, uburyo 43. Bakaba batorerwa manda 40 Ronald Reagan 1981-1989 Republican Amerika yabaye igi- y'imyaka 4, ishobora kongerwa 41 George Bush 1989-1993 Republican hangange ku isi, ibizava inshuro imwe gusa. Ariko hari 42 Bill Clinton 1993-2001 Democrat 2001-2008 Republican mu matora ndetse n'andi bamwe mu baperezida bategetse 43 George W. Bush makuru mutari muzi kuri igihe kirenze imyaka 8 bitewe Byakusanijwe na Didas M. Gasana

M

u Rwanda ntawugishidikanya ko dufite demokarasi yacu ,ariko kuzagera kuri demukarasi inzira iracyari ndende ,ibizitira iyo nzira y,imiyoborere ni byinshi kandi biza gerwaho ari uko bigaragajwe bikazagibwaho impaka zubaka Ubwoba bushingiye ku mpaka :Amateka y'abanyarwanda n'imwe mu mpamvu nyinshi zi koreshwa n,abategetsi mu gukumira demukarasi `iyo mpamvu itangira ari ubwoba ,nyuma ubutegetsi bwashinga imizi bukayihindura iturufu ihoraho .Urwanda rumaze kubona ubwigenge (1962) ishyaka rya M.D.R."Parmehutu "ryagiye k'ubutegetsi binyuze mumvururu no kumeneka kw'amaraso menshi ,Abanyarwanda barishwe (Abatutsi) abandi bameneshwa m'ugihugu ba hinduka impunzi ,imiryango yabo isigaye iratotezwa mugihe kirekire .kugirango M.D.R. igumane ubutegetsi yonyine ya hise yadukana ijambo "Rubanda nyamwinshi "nubwo M.D,R. yadukanye iryo jambo kubera inyungu z'ubutegetsi harimo n'ubwoba bwo kuba yarishe Abanyarwanda benshi abandi ikabacira ishyanga ntampamvu ,bityo yadukana iryo jambo ishaka kumvisha abantu ko abiyumvamo ubwinshi ari nabo bagombaga gutegeka ,nkuko no muri demokarasi abagize amajwi menshi aribo bayobora .m'umwaka w'1973 ubwo M.D.R. yakurwaga k'ubutegetsi n'abasirikare (caupd'etat ) nabo baje bashimangira umurage wa"nyamwinshi"Leta ya M.D.R. yo rwose yashyizeho akarusho itangaza imibare aho byemejwe ko igice kimwe cy'abanyarwanda kigizwe na 85% abandi ari 14% n'igice cya gatatu cyari kigizwe na 1% iki kibazo cyatangiye gishingiye k'ubwoba bw'abahemukiwe ,cyaje guhindukamo politiki y'ivangura nyuma bihinduka ihame kugeza aho Habyarimana yitwa umubyeyi amaze kongeraho ikitwaga "iringaniza "burya rero ngo ntakabura imvano .F.P.R. yavukiye inyuma y'urwanda kandi ari abanyarwanda yabayeho biturutse kubibazo twabonye byatewe na M.D.R. bikaza gushimangirwa na M.R.N.D. nkuko M.D.R. na M.R.N.D. bahoranaga ubwoba bw'impunzi z'abanyarwanda ,nazo zagumanye ubwoba bw'ijambo nyamwinshi mugihe kimyaka irenga 30 yose ! birumvikana ko abayobozi bayo (F.P.R. ntibyari byoroshye ko iryo jambo ryahita ribavamo ryarabahejeje hanze y'igihugu mugihe kingana kuriya ubutegetsi bwa F.P.R. kugirango burusheho gukomera bwijeje abaturage ko buzanye demukarasi, ndetse mu mwaka wa 2003 hako reshwa itora rya Perezida wa Rupeburika .mbere y'iryo tora byabaye ngombwa ko "Abatekinisiye "bakuraho inzitizi yabatambamira cyane cyane ishingiye kuri ya turufu (idafite ishingiro) ya nyamwinshi Byatekinitswe bite ? Muntangiriro za 2003 ,uwahoze ari minisitiri w'ububanyi n`amahanga "Charles Murigande "yatumiye abari bahagarariye ibihugu byabo Ikigali maze abagezaho ijambo rigufi agira ati" aho bimaze kugaragarira ko ishyaka rya M.D.R. rikomeje kugendera kumacakubiri n'ingengabitekerezo ya jenoside ,Leta y'urwanda ifashe ikemezo kidakuka cyo gusesa burundu ishyaka rya M.D.R." Abazungu barumiwe bararebana bati "no comment"icyambere cy'umutwe cya F.P.R. kibakirinjiye .uko bigaragara iturufu ya nyamwinshi yateraga ubwoba bayitekinikiyeho bakumira demukarasi ariko Perezida aratorwa Abanyarwanda bakomeza imirimo yabo ari ntawe bihutaje .iyo ni demukarasi yacu

Impamvu 3 zituma mu Rwanda hatazaboneka demukarasi vuba

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Igitecyerezo

Urup. 7

Perezida Paul Kagame Uwahoze ari Perezida: Juvenal Habyarimana na VOA agaragaza ko batishimiye ubutegetsi byo bizamarira iki abanyarwanda ?amateka Kwitiranya apozisiyo no kwigomeka : bwa FPR bakaba bifuzako bwahinduka .Indi n'abanyarwanda nibo bafite igisubizo ngorane ifitwe na opozisiyo nuko igizwe n' Iyi ni ndi mpamvu ikomeye ituma mu abantu abenshi muribo bafite ubusembwa ku- Kuba Kagame arusha ingufu FPR Rwanda hatazaboneka vuba demokarasi .ari buryo bagaragara nk' abanyabyaha aho kwitishyaka riri k'ubutegetsi ,ari abiyita aban- wa abanyapolitike bafitiye rubanda akamaro. Impamu yagatatu ishobora kuzadindiza yamashyaka, ari opozisiyo ikorera hanze Abantu bagize opozisiyo tubasanga mu bice Demokarasi mu Rwanda ni uko Kagame bose iyi virusi yarabafashe .duhereye kuri leta byinshi bitandukanye: arusha FPR ingufu ubusanzwe ahantu habadukanye ibyo bita kuyobora mu bwumvi- muribo hari abahunze igihugu basize bahek- rangwa Demokarasi ishyaka niryo rigena kane "Consensus "iyi politiki nubwo nyuma uye u Rwanda ,batsembye abatutsi barenga gahunda Perezida akayishyira mubikorwa ya jenoside yagize akamaro kagaragara ubu miliyoni abenshi muri abo bakaba bari muri afatanyije nizindi nzegoz'igihugu .iyo nitemuri ikigihe nyuma y `imyaka 14 nta shingiro ya mashyamba ya congo(FDLR) bamwe gereje mu Rwanda usanga barabicuritse kuko ifite uretse inyungu F.P.R. ibivanamo (yony- mubayobozi babo bakaba bari muri Amerika bigaragara ko kagame ariwe ubwira FPR ibyo ine) kuri F.P.R. kugira imitekereze inyuranye iburayi n' ahandi .Hari ikindi gice cy' aba- igomba gukora n'uburyo igomba kwitwara. nu buryo yo ibona ibintu ni ukwigomeka hunze ubutegetsi bwa FPR nta cyaha bafite Ibyo hari ikibigaragaza'iyo ufitanye ikibazo k'ubutegetsi .iyi poropagande yayo yarafashe (kizwi )babitewe nuko bibonaga mubutegetsi na Kagame hari ibintu bitatu ugomba kwitendetse yatanze umusaruro bifuzaga kuko bwatsinzwe bwa MRNDcyangwa baga- gura ugahitamo :Guhunga igihugu ,kuvanwa n'abandi banyamashyaka (niba batarabyem- hunga babitewe nuko bamwe mu miryango ku kazi cyangwa gufungwa `iyo muri ibyo era )bitwara nkabo koko kwemeranya ni shy- yabo ikurikiranwa na leta iriho.hari abandi byose ntacyo uhisemo ugomba gupfukama aka riri k'ubutegetsi bisa nko kwigomeka .in- bahunze leta y'u Rwanda bakaba bara- ugasaba imbabazi niyo waba urengana,iyo garuka yabyo ni uko ntarindi shyaka cyangwa hoze ari abayoboke ba FPR (cyangwa aba- imbabazi zawe zemewe ushobora gusubizwa umutegetsi ugaragarira abaturage ko abafitiye kozi bayo)abenshi muri abo FPR ibashinja k'umugati n'amata .!iyo kandi ushatse kuba akamaro mugihe adakomoka muri F.P.R. ubub- ko bayihemukiye harimo abo yita abajura ikibazo ukemurwa nyine nk'ibindi bibazo woba no gutinya kwerekana ibyo bashoboye n'abatorotse igisirikare .Abo nabo bakaba Imbaraga za Kagame zituruka kubintu bibitera abanyamashyaka gusuzugurika no bashinja FPR ko yabatotezaga ndetse ben- tatu by'ingenzi:Kuba ari perezida w'ishyaka kutagirirwa ikizere n'abaturage .imyitwarire shi bemezako bayihunze kubera impammvu riri k'ubutegetsi (FPR) kuba ari perezida yogutinya ko bazafatwa nk'abigometse ya- z'umutekano wabo. Ababantu bose hamwe wa Repuburika akaba n'umugaba mukuru garagaye ubwo umuyobozi wa P.D.C. Alfred iyo bahuriye hamwe ,yaba ari FDLR,UDF w'ikirenga w' ingabo RDF(nkuko amatMukezamfura yo herezaga ubutumwa muri inkingi n'abandi.....byorohera leta y'i Kigali egeko ku isi hose abiteganya)_kubijyanye FORUM ,abamenyeshako ko ishyaka mugi- kubagaragaza nka'abayigometseho cy- n'ingabo hiyongeraho umwihariko wo kuba he ishyaka ryazagaragaza ko bafite ukundi ane cyane kubera ubusebwa bamwe bafite izo ngabo yarazibereye umuyobozi mu ntbabona ibintu badakwiye ku bafata nabi ,icya no kuba batatinyuka gukorera Politike mu ambara yo kubohoza u Rwanda .ibyo byose kurikiyeho ni uko uwo mugabo yaje kwivu- Rwanda . igihe cyose muRwanda tuzaba tu- bimuha igitinyiro icyubahiro n'imbaraga za guruza ,ndetse akerekana ko atigeze atanga gifite ibibazo birimo urujijo bituma benshi politiki bidashobora kugirwa n'undi muntu ayo mabwiriza .iki niki menyetso simusiga bakomeza kwitiranya opozisiyo no kwigo- haba muri FPR cyangwa mutundi dushyaka kerekanako F.O.R.M. ari GEREZA V.I.P.- meka k'ubutegetsi ,kubona demokarasi bi- .kuba Kagame arusha imbaraga FPR byamuy'amashyaka mu Rwanda !tugaruke noneho zatugora .ikibazo ki ingorabahizikiri mu haye icyo bita "Pouvoir absolu/absolute powkucyo twakwita opositiyo nyayo ,yo rwose Rwanda ni uko bitewe n'amategeko ari hano er "ingaruka zo kugira ingufu z'ubu bwoko yuzuyemo ibibazo by'urusobe kuburyo mu Rwanda `uzagerageza gukorera politike nuko zitera umuntu gutekerereza igihugu umuntu bitamworohera rwose kwemeza ko hano adakurikije amabwiriza no gusuzumwa wenyine n'abandi bayobozi bakumva ariko koko ari opositiyo .Kuba opozisiyo(reka n'abatekinisiye ba sekereteriya azafatwa bigomba kumera kandi ataribyo.umuyobozi tuyite gutyo)ikorera hanze y u Rwanda bi- nk' igipinga k'ikigomeke .Gukora cyangwa umeze utyo ashobora gukora ibyiza byinshi tuma igaragara ko ari nk'abantu bigometse k' ukajya muri opozisiyo utari muri FORUM ariko niyo yibeshye kenshi ntabimenya kuko ubutegetsi,kuko abaturage batabazi ntibana- bizashoboka bite ryari ?Kutemeranya na FPR batinya kumunyomoza no kujya impaka nawe menye gahunda babafitiye,uretse amagambo ari uko umuntu abanje guhunga no kwerekana .FPR nikomeza gutya nta Demokarasi. batangariza ku ma radiyo y'amahanga BBC amakosa yayo ari uko ivanye umuntu kukazi Sentabyo John

K

Congo: Kagame ateye an

Urup. 8 No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Isesengura

uba hari intambara mu burasirazuba bwa Congo ntibikiri amakuru, ariko igikomeje kwibazwa kuri iyo ntambara, ni niba amateka atarimo kwisubiramo- Gen Laurent Nkunda akaba ashoje intambara mu by'ukuri ari iya Leta y'u Rwanda, nkuko byagenze kuri Laurent Desiré Kabila, mu 1996. Ubu, imirwano ikaba ikaze mu bice bya Ruchuru na Sake, mu ntara ya Kivu y'amajyaruguru. Intangiriro Ibintu byahinduye isura muri Congo, FPR Inkotanyi imaze gufata ubutegetsi mu Rwanda mu 1994, igihe abahoze ari abasirikare ba Leta ya Habyarimana (EX-FAR) n'interahamwe bagahungira muri Congo aho bakomereje umugambi wo kwigarurira ubutegetsi bambuwe n'inkotanyi. Ex-FAR n'interahamwe bakomeje guteza u Rwanda umutekano muke kugeza aho Leta ya Kigali yiyemeje gutera Congo mu 1996. Niba koko u Rwanda rwarasahuye umutungo kamere wa Congo, nkuko umuryango w'abibumbye waje kubyemeza muri raporo yawo, iturufu y'interahamwe na Ex-FAR zari mu bilometero bike cyane uvuye ku mupaka ugabanya u Rwanda na Congo byahaga u Rwanda impamvu zumvikana zo gutera Congo. Ibyo bitero by'u Rwanda byarangiranye n'ihirima rya Mobutu, waje gusimburwa na Laurent Desiré Kabila, wimitswe n'u Rwanda. Ubucuti bwa Kabila na Kagame ariko ntabwo bwaje kuramba, nyuma yaho Kabila atangarije Kagame ku mugaragaro ko atazakomeza kuba igikoresho cye, ndetse akanirukana Gen. James Kabarebe, wari umugaba mukuru w'ingabo ze. Kabila yakurikijeho kunga umubano n'interahamwe n'ingabo za Ex-FAR. Nyuma y'uko gucana umubano, Kagame, wari wasezeranyijwe na Kabila ko azarangiza ikibazo cy'interahamwe, yabaye nk'utsinzwe igitego cy'umutwe. Icyakurikiyeho n'ukongera gutera Congo, noneho afatanyije na Perezida Yoweri Museveni wa Uganda. Urwo rugamba rwa kabiri rwo muri Congo rwaje kuba isibaniro y'intambara, yaje kwitwa iy'akarere kose, nyuma yaho Angola, Namibia na Zimbabwe bohereje ingabo zabo gutera Kabila ingabo mu bitugu. Amasezerano y'amahoro ashyirwaho umukono i Lusaka muri zambia mu 1999 nayo ntiyubahirizwa, ingabo z'u Rwanda n'iza Uganda zari zaragiye muri Congo zifite umugambi umwe zirahindukirana zirarwana hagati yazo ubwazo inshuro ebyiri. Iyo ntambara yaje guhoshwa n'urupfu rwa Laurent Desire Kabila, warashwe n'uwari ushinzwe kumurinda, agasimburwa n'umuhungu we Joseph Kabila. Nyuma y'imishyikirano miremire, ingufu n'igitutu by'amahanga, Leta ya Kigali na Kampala zaje kuvana ingabo zazo muri Congo, nyuma yaho Joseph Kabila yemereye umuryango w'abibumbye ko azafatanya nawo bakarangiza ikibazo cy'interahamwe na Ex-FAR ndetse n'imitwe yitwaje intwaro ihungabanya umutekano wa Uganda. Ibyo byakurikiwe n'iyoherezwa ry'abasirikare b'umuryango w'abibumbye muri Congo (MONUC), kugeza ubu wananiwe kurangiza inshingano wahawe. Leta ya Kabila nayo yiyemeza guhangana n'interahamwe ikoresheje ingufu, bikaba byaratangiye muri Mutarama 2007 ariko ubu Kabila akaba yarabihagaritse, atangaza ko

Ntituzakomeza kwihangana- Museminari Nzaruhuka mfashe igihugu- Nkunda CNDP guhinduka MTLC Intambara ya Congo izaba iy'akarere kose?

Intambara izarangirira i Kigali: Kabila byatuma inzirakarengane zirushaho kwicwa. Ubu, interahamwe na Ex-FAR bakaba bakomeje kwidegembya mu mashyamba ya Congo ari nako inzirakarengane z'abanyamulenge zikomeje kwicwa. Interahamwe nk'ipfundo ry'ikibazo, Nkunda nk'igisubizo Interahamwe na Ex-FAR ziri hakurya y'umupaka w'u Rwanda na Congo ni ikibazo gikomereye ubutegetsi bw'i Kigali, ari nayo mpamvu abavuga ko Leta ya Kagame ifasha Gen.Nkunda bafite ishingiro. Nyuma yaho Kabila ndetse na MONUC bananiriwe kwambura intwaro interahamwe na Ex-FAR, Leta ya Kigali yagombaga gushaka uburyo iburizamo icyo kibazo. Amakuru aturuka muri bamwe mu ngabo z'u Rwanda ariko batashatse kwivuga amazina, avuga ko u Rwanda rwasabye Gen. Nkunda kurubera ijisho mu burasirazuba bwa Congo, aho izo nterahamwe na Ex-FAR zikambitse. Ikindi ni uko Nkunda yereka Kabila ko atambuye intwaro interahamwe, nawe atazagira amahoro, bityo akaba abaye urwibutso ruhoraho kuri Kabila ko agomba kurangiza icyo kibazo. Mu gihe Kabila arega Kagame ko ariwe ufasha Gen. Nkunda, Kagame we arega Kabila kuba yarananiwe kwambura intwaro interahamwe, mu gihe Nkunda we avuga ko abareyeho kurinda abanyamulenge. Kabila kandi ashaka ko Nkunda afatwa agashyikirizwa ubutabera kubera ibyaha by'intambara Kabila avuga ko Nkunda yakoze. Nyuma yo kwanga ubuhungiro muri Afurika y'epfo n'amadolari y'amerika miliyoni ebyiri n'igice ($2.5M), Nkunda yemeye kuvanga igisirikare cye n'icya Leta ariko biza kunanirana. Zimwe mu mpamvu gahunda yo kuvanga ingabo na polisi yananiranye ni uko abaterankunga ba-

Yarambiwe? Paul Kagame naniwe kumvikana buryo ki iyo gahunda izakorwamwo. Iyo gahunda yaje guhagarara nyuma yaho amafaranga ashiriye. Komisiyo yari ibishinzwe kandi yarezwe ruswa no kunyereza umutungo wari ugenewe iyo gahunda. Amaburigade agera kuri 15, agizwe n'uruvange rw'ingabo zahoze zihanganye mu ntambara, yashyizweho ariko amakuru dufite avuga ko hakirangwamo umwiryane n'urwikekwe ndetse n'imyivumbagatanyo. Kabila yamagana icyifuzo cya Muligande Umubonano wo kugarura umubano wa Congo n'u Rwanda hagati y'uwahoze ari Minisitiri w'ububanyi n'amahanga w'u Rwanda, Dr. Charles Muligande na mugenzi we wa Congo, Mbusa Nyamwisi, wo ku wa 03 Nzeli 2007, i Kinshasa, wabaye impfabusa kuko nta kintu kigaragara cyavuyemo. Dr. Charles Muligande, watangarije uyu mwanditsi ku wa 02 Werurwe 2007 ko Congo n'u Bufaransa aribyo bihugu bibanye nabi n'u Rwanda, yasabye Perezida Kabila ko yakwemerera ingabo z'ibihugu by'inshuti za Congo aribyo Angola na Zimbabwe zikinjira muri Congo zigakemura ikibazo cy'interahamwe ariko Kabila amutera utwatsi. Muligande kandi yatangarije Radio BBC mu kiganiro cya `Network Africa' ko u Rwanda rwasabye Leta ya Congo ko rwatanga abasirikare barwo, bakayoborwa n'ingabo za Congo, bagahangana n'interahamwe bakoresheje ingufu ariko Kabila akanangira. Nzaruhuka mbohoye Congo- Nkunda Gen. Laurent Nkunda yatangarije Radio BBC ku wa 02 Ukwakira 2008 ko azaruhuka ari uko abohoje Congo yose, ahamagarira abanyekongo guhaguruka bagaharanira amahoro n'uburenganzira bwabo.

Commonwealth yararangiye: Museveni Nubwo Bertrand Bisimwa, umuvugizi wa Nkunda, yatangarije ibiro ntaramakuru by'AbongerezaReuters, ko Nkunda nta mugambi afite wo gushoza intambara inyuma y'intara ya Kivu mu gihe cya bugufi, kuwa 03 Ukwakira 2008, Nkunda yumvikanye kuri BBC avuga ati: "Ngiye kubohoza abanyekongo bose". Nkunda, ufite ingabo zibarirwa mu 4.000, yakomeje atangaza ko agiye guhindura inyito y'ishyaka rye rya CNDP ikaba MTLC, (bivuga Movement for Total Liberation of Congo). Iyi ntambara, yahereye muri Kanama itutumba, imaze kuvana mu byabo abanyekongo bagera ku 10.000. Twakwibutsa kandi ko atari ubwa mbere Nkunda atangaje intambara yeruye kuri Congo. Mu mwaka ushize, ubwo abenshi bizeraga ko amatora yabaye muri Congo ari intangiriro nshya y'icyo gihugu nyuma y'intambara z'urudaca zatangiye mu mwaka wa 1996 zikaba zarahitanye abenegihugu bagera kuri miliyoni enye, na none Gen. Nkunda yatangaje intambara yeruye ku butegetsi bwa Kabila, nyuma y'igihe kitari gito cy'ubwumvikane buke hagati ye na Kabila. Ibi bikaba byarabaye nyuma y'iminsi mike habaye inama y'abakuru b'ingabo b'u Rwanda, u Burundi, Congo na Uganda mu cyiswe "Tripartite Plus". Iyo nama ikaba yarashojwe hemeranyijwe ko Leta ya Kabila igiye gusubukura gahunda yo kurwanya FDLR ku ngufu. Icyo gihe, amakuru yatanzwe n'ishami ry'umuryango w'abibumbye rishinzwe impunzi yemezaga ko abanyekongo babarirwa mu bihumbi bari basanzwe batuye mu burasirazuba bwa Congo, mu ntara ya Kivu y'amajyaruguru, bari bamaze guhungira muri Uganda, bemeza ko bahunga imirwano, mu gihe abandi nk'abo berekeje iy'i Burundi. Nkunda yemeza ko ayobora igice kinini

nyuze kuri Gen. Nkunda?

Isesengura

Urup.

cy'uburasirazuba bwa Congo nk'igihugu mu ibihugu byabo mu Rwanda. kindi, ayobora polisi, inzego z'iperereza ndetse Museminari kandi yakomeje avuga ko u Rwanda yakira n'imisoro n'amahoro. ruhangayikishijwe cyane n'ikibazo cya FDLR, yongeraho, mu magambo akarishye, ati: "dufite Gen Nkunda si amahoro masa, Kabila yarar- uburenganzira bwo kwirengera". usimbutse MONUC mu mutego Ikiganiro cya Nkunda kuri BBC cyaje mu gihe hari hamaze iminsi havugwa amakuru ko Nkunda Abasirikare ba MONUC bagera ku 17.000, kugeza yaba yarapfuye, abandi bati ararwaye bikomeye. ubu baregwa ibirego byinshi birimo gufata abagore Hari n'abongeraho ko yari arwariye i Kigali, nkuko ku ngufu, gusahura zahabu no gucuruza amabanga byanditswe mu kinyamakuru Umuseso No 313. ya gisirikare, bari hagati nk'ururimi. Nubwo ariko Nkunda yahumurije benshi, akanaba- Mu gihe Kabila yanze gufatanya nabo kurwanya baza benshi bari bishimiye izo nkuru zamuvugwa- interahamwe, MONUC ntiyabishobora yonyine, gaho, amakuru ikinyamakuru Umuseso gikesha bikaba bituma akamaro kayo kibazwaho. umwe mu bakozi bakomeye ba MONUC ariko Ikindi kandi, nubwo bishoboka ko bamwe mu wadusabye atakamba ko tutashyira ahagaragara basirikare ba Nkunda bakoze ibyaha by'intambara, amazina ye, avuga ko Gen. Nkunda arwaye cyane, MONUC ikorana nabo za paturuye. Mu gihe hazaariko ntiyatubwiye niba arwaye indwara isanzwe, baho amakimbirane cyangwa se intambara yeruye, cyangwa se niba yararashwe, nkuko byakomeje Kabila ashobora gusaba umuryango w'abibumbye kuvugwa. kumufasha gufata Nkunda, bigatuma MONUC Uwo mukozi wa MONUC kandi yakomeje adu- yisanga iri mu ntambara rwagati, kuko izaba tangariza ko Perezida Joseph Kabila yarusimbutse ikorana n'abasirikare be, badashobora kwemera kuwa 16 Nzeli 2008 ubwo ingabo za Nkunda ko afatwa. zarasaga imodoka ye, hafi y'umujyi wa Goma, MONUC kandi irotswa igitutu ngo igabanye zikamuhusha, ariko umwe mu basirikare be bari abasirikare bayo nyuma yaho amatora abereye. kumwe ufite ipeti rya Major, akaba yarahasize MONUC ikoresha amadolari arenga miliyari ubuzima. imwe ku mwaka. Mu 2007, William Swing wari Twakwibutsa kandi ko hari abanyarwanda ba- umukuru wa MONUC, we yasabye ko MONUC tari bake bamaze guhura n'ibibazo birimo no itagabanywa akazi yahawe katararangira. Gusa, gufatwa bagafungwa, kubera intambara yo muri ibimenyetso byuko ako kazi gashobora kurangira Congo. Muri 12 bari barafatiwe bagafungirwa vuba ntabyo. Kugeza ubu, ibimenyetso byinshi muri Congo mu mpera z'ukwezi gushi z e , biragaragaza ko intambara ishobora kongera kuba hamaze gucika babiri. Abo bafatwa iy'akarere. bakaba bazira ko bashobora kuba Usibye n'ibyo kandi, MONUC hari aho itemerbakorana na Gen. Nkunda. erwa kugera. Ubwo Nkunda yuburaga intambara mu mwaka ushize, umwe mu bakozi Ntituzakomeza kwihanganabayo yatangarije Focus on Africa ko abatuMuseminari rage bitwaje intwaro bayoborwa na Gen. Nkunda babujije MONUC gushyika Iryo fatwa nabi aho impunzi zahungiye Uganda zari n'ihohoterwa zituye. Ibi byose bikaba bishyira ry'abanyarwanda MONUC mu mutego. n t a b w o bishimishije Nkunda ararwana intambara Leta y'u ya nde? Rwanda, mu gihe Nkunda yemeza ko arwanira uburenbamwe ganzira bwo kubaho bwa benewabo bemeza b'abanyamulenge. Nubwo iyo mpamvu ko ari yumvikana, hariho abongeraho izindi. im Imwe muri izo ni uko Nkunda arwana intambara ya Kagame. Abavuga batyo bashingira ku bintu bitatu bikomeye. Icya mbere ni FDLR, nkuko barutbyasobanuwe haruguru. so ituma Leta y'u Icya kabiri ni uko Perezida Kagame atahwemye Rwanda ishoza inkugaragaza ko ibyo Nkunda arwanira byumvitambara yeruye kuri kana, asaba Leta ya Congo kubikemura, nubwo Congo. intumwa yihariye ya Perezida Kagame mu karere Ku wa 07 Ukwakira k'ibiyaga bigari, Amb. Richard Sezibera, yatan2008, Minisitiri gaje ko Kagame adashyigikiye Nkunda, nkuko w'ububanyi byanditswe mu Museso, No 312. n'amahanga Icya gatatu ni imvugo ya Minisitiri Museminari n'ubutwererane, yuko u Rwanda rutazakomeza kwihangana, kandi Rosemary Musemiko rufite uburenganzira bwo kwirwanaho. nari, yatangaje ko u Mu mvugo ya dipulomasi, nta kwerura kubamo. Rwanda rutazakomeza Habamo guca amarenga. Ni naho abavuga ko u kwigangana mu gihe Rwanda rushoje intambara muri Congo babihera. abanyarwanda bahoBakemeza ko imvugo yo kunanirwa kwihangana hoterwa n'abashinzwe kw'u Rwanda nuko rugomba kwirwanaho ari umutekano ba itangazo ry'intambara (declaration of war) kuri Congo. Ibyo yabitanga- j e Congo. amaze guhura n'abahagarariye Umwe mu babibona batyo wavuganye n'Umuseso

Turi tayari: Ba General Kabarebe, Kayonga na Muhire ariko utarashatse ko amazina ye ashyirwa ahagarag- ba Congo bafatiye bugwate abasirikare ba Uganda ara, yagize ati: "Niba ari ikibazo cy'abanyarwanda ariko bakaba baraje kurekurwa. Ibyo byakurikiwe bafatwa nabi muri Congo baba bananiwe kwi- n'igitero cyagabwe n'abasirikare 9 ba Congo hanganira, kuki bacyihanganira u Bugande kandi ahitwa Kanungu muri Uganda, ku wa 03 Kanama hari abanyarwanda batari bake bafungiweyo igihe 2007 ndetse n'ishyirwa ry'abasirikare ba Congo kirekire." ku kirwa cya Rukwanzi ibyo bihugu byombi Twakwibutsa ko ubwo intambara yatutum- bitumvikanaho. baga muri ako karere mu mwaka ushize, amakuru Mu gihe Uganda yakomeje kugaragaza kwihanyageze ku kinyamakuru Umuseso yavugaga ko gana muri ibyo bibazo byose, ishyira imbere inzira u Rwanda rwatangiye koherereza umusada Gen. y'imishyikirano, abantu batazwi ariko bakekwa ko Nkunda. ari abanyekongo batwitse ubwato bwakoreshwaga Ayo makuru dukesha bamwe mu basirikare b'u n'ingabo za Uganda gucunga umutekano mu Rwanda ariko batifuza ko twashyira ahagaragara kiyaga cya Albert. amazina yabo, avuga ko abasirikare bo muri Abakurikiranira hafi politiki yo muri aka karere Brigade ya 408, iyobowe na Brig. Gen. Eric Mu- bemeza ko bimwe mu byatumye Perezida Muserokore, bari batangiye kwambuka bagana muri veni yimiriza imbere imishyikirano ndetse akanaCongo mu mpera za Kanama 2007. hura na Perezida Kabila, Arusha, muri Tanzania, Aya makuru yaje nyuma y'aho Umuseso wame- ku wa 7 nuwa 8 Nzeli 2007, bakavugana kuri nye ko indege yari irimo abasirikare bakuru b'u ibyo bibazo, ni inama y'umuryango wa ComRwanda barimo Lt. Gen. Charles Kayonga na Maj. monwealth yabereye muri Uganda mu Gushingo Gen. Ceaser Kayizari yakoze impanuka hejuru 2007. Museveni akaba atarashakaga kwivanga mu y'ikirunga cya Kalisimbi, mu mpera za Nyakanga ntambara na Congo kuko byari gutuma iyo nama 2007. Abo basirikare bakuru bakaba baravaga y'abanyacyubahiro benshi yimurirwa ahandi. kugenzura umupaka w'u Rwanda na Congo. Ayo Amakuru Umuseso ukesha umwe mu bahagaramakuru yavugaga ko Kayonga yakomeretse bik- riye ibihugu byabo mu Rwanda ariko wadusabye abije, akaba yarahise ajyanwa i Nairobi kwivuza. guhishira amazina ye, yemeza ko Museveni nawe ari tayari gusubira muri Congo, ndetse agafatanya na Kagame, nubwo abo baperezida bombi nabo Na Uganda ishobora kwinjira mu ntambara Congo ntifitanye ibibazo n'u Rwanda gusa. batararebana ay'urukundo, kubera ko inama yatiNyuma yaho Uganda nayo yifatanyije n' u nyaga ko yakwimurirwa ahandi yarangiye. Rwanda kugaba ibitero muri Congo mu 1998 ivuga ko Congo icumbikiye umutwe witwa ADF Ukuboko kw'amahanga mu bibazo by'aka uhungabanya umutekano mu burengerazuba bwa karere Uganda, kugeza ubu Uganda ishinja Congo kuba Ni ibisanzwe ko ibihugu by'ibihangange ku isi indiri y'umutwe witwa PRA (People's Redemption bigira uruhare rukomeye mu biba mu bihugu bikiri Army), Leta ya Uganda ivuga ko ukuriwe na Col inyuma mu majyambere. Ibibazo byo mu karere k'ibiyaga bigari byakomeje (rtd) Kiza Besigye. Yaba Congo, yaba n'u Rwanda, ntawemera ko kugaragaramo ukuboko kurekure kw'ibihugu uwo mutwe ubaho. Mu kiganiro cyavuzwe haru- by'ibihangange nk'Amerika, u Bwongereza, u guru, Minisitiri Muligande yagiranye n'Umuseso, Bufaransa, ndetse n'umuryango w'abibumbye. yatangaje ko Uganda itarashobora kwereka u Abakurikiranira hafi politiki y'aka karere bemeza Rwanda ibimenyetso bifatika byemeza ko uwo ko Amerika n'u Bwongereza biri inyuma y'u mutwe ubaho. Ikibazo cya PRA kikaba ari iki- Rwanda na Uganda, nubwo u Rwanda na Uganda bazo u Rwanda, Congo,u Burundi na Uganda hagati yabo ubwabo umubano ukirangwamo bananiwe kumvikanaho muri ya gahunda y'ibyo uruvangitirane rw'amacenga n'urwikekwe, mu bihugu yiswe "Tripartite plus Joint Commission", gihe u Bufaransa buri inyuma ya Kabila, ahanini ariko ibyo bihugu byose bikaba byaremeranyije kubera gutinya ikwirakwira ry'ingufu z'Amerika ko FDLR ari umutwe w'abagizi ba nabi ugomba n'u Bwongereza muri aka karere ndetse n'ururimi kurwanywa n'ibyo bihugu byose. rw'icyongereza, kimwe n'intambara y'ubutabera Umubano wa Congo na Uganda ariko wahinduye ihanganishije u Rwanda n'u Bufaransa. isura mu mwaka ushize, nyuma yaho abasirikare

Komeza kurp. 13

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u gihe u Rwanda rwivuga rugaragaza ko ari cyo gihugu kitarangwamo ruswa muri aka karere, abaturage barwo bo bugarijwe n'akarengane. Nubwo akarengane gashobora kudaturuka ku bindi bintu nk'igitugu, agasuzuguro, kwikanyiza, kwikubira n'icyenewabo, ariko ku nshuro 100, byibuze 98 akarengane kaba karimo ruswa. Ni kenshi Umuseso usohora inkuru z'abantu barenganye hirya no hino mu gihugu. Ikimaze kugaragara, ni uko akarengane kagenda karushaho kwiyongera. Twari tumenyereye ko abayobozi cyangwa abakene barenganya abantu b'amikoro make bakabambura, babakoreye, bakabahuguza ibyabo n'ibindi. Muri iyi minsi akarengane karagenda kazamuka mu ntera ku buryo no mu bantu bifashije kagezeyo. Urugero rwa vuba, ni urw'umukecuru witwa Mukakarara Lyadia n'umuhungu we Munyanziza Aimable, bagiye guhuguzwa inzu n'umucuruzi ukomeye muri uyu mujyi ari we Bwimba Robert bakunze kwita "Chez Robert". Byose bikaba bishamikiye ku nguzanyo ya miliyoni mirongo itanu (50,000,000 FRW), uyu mukecuru n'umuhungu we, bahawe na BCDI mu mpera z'umwaka wa 1998, bagatanga ingwate ho inzu y'igorofa iri mu kibanza NO. 1410 ku Muhima ku muhanda ugana Nyabugogo, ahahoze akabari bitaga Terrsa. Iyi nguzanyo ikaba yaragombaga kwishyurwa mu mezi mirongo inani n'ane (84). Nkuko impapuro yishyuriyeho zibigaragaza, umukecuru akaba yari amaze kwishyura miliyoni zisaga mirongo itatu n'esheshatu (36,000,000 FRW), hasigaye cumi n'enye (14,000,000 FRW). Kubera ibibazo byo kwishyura nabi kw'abakodesha iyo nzu, igihe cyo kwishyura cyararenze, banki itangira kubara inyungu, ku buryo kugeza muri Werurwe 2007, umwenda wari umaze kugera kuri miliyoni mirongo icyenda n'esahanu, ibihumbi magana abiri na mirongo ine na bibiri, n'amafaranga magana atandatu na makunyabiri n'icyenda (95,242,626 FRW). Inkiko muri iki kibazo Umwe mu bakodesha muri iryo gorofa, Bwimba Robert akimara kumenya ibibazo Mukakarara n'umuhungu we Munyanziza Aimable bafitanye na banki, yakoresheje amayeri ashoboka ngo iyo nzu itezwe cyamunara. Nkuko bigaragara mu ibaruwa JUR/ME/lm/111/04-2008, yo ku wa 15 Mata 2008, ECOBANK yandikiye Bwimba Robert, bigaragara ko uyu mugabo yifuza iriya nzu ku ngufu. Koko rero muri iyo baruwa ECOBANK yasubizaga ibaruwa tutashoboye kubonera kopi, ariko bigaragara ko yabasabaga ECOBANK kuyimugurisha kuko yari azi ikibazo kiri hagati ya banki n'umuryango wa Mukakarara. ECOBANK ikaba yarashubije Bwimba Robert ko idashobora kubahiriza icyifuzo cye, ahubwo imugira inama yo kuvugana na ba nyiri

Umuryango wa Kamegeli Samuel uratabaza

Imiyoborere

Urup. 10

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Inzu yabo iratezwa cyamunara batabuze ubwishyu "Perezida Kagame abimenye yandenganura" Umukecuru Mukakarara Bwimba Robert arashaka inzu atayiguze nab a nyirayo

inzu. Ibyo Robert we ntiyabikoze, ahubwo yakomeje gukoresha imbaraga afite ibukuru, ahataira banki guteza cyamunara. Ubwo Mukakarara Lydia atangiye kubona ibimenyetso byuko ashobora kwamburwa inzu ye ku maherere, yihutiye kuregera urukiko rukuru rw'ubucuruzi, kugira ngo ECOBANK itazamukubirana ikamutereza cyamunara inzu ye. Mu rubanza No. R.Com 0063/08/ HCC, urukiko rukuru rw'ubucuruzi rwategetse Mukakara n'umuhungu we Munyanziza Aimable kwishyura ECOBANK miliyoni ijana na mirongo inani n'icyenda, ibihumbi magana atandatu na mirongo ine, n'amafaranga magana atanu na mirongo inani n'atatu (189,640,583 FRW), nkuko bigaragara mu mwanzuro w'urukiko rukuru rw'ubucuruzi wo ku wa 03 Nzeli 2008. Uwo mwanzuro ikaba unahagarika cyamunara ya ririya gorofa twavuze haruguru. Mukakarara akaba avuga ko muri uru rubanza naho yaguzwe kuko bitumvikana ukuntu mu gihe cy'umwaka umwenda ushobora kwikuba kabiri. Kwirengagiza imyanzuro y'urukiko Nyuma y'uru rubanza rwo mu rukiko rukuru rw'ubucuruzi, Mukakarara Lydia yajuriririye mu rukiko rw'ikirenga, ariko narwo ruhamya imyanzuro y'urukiko rukuru rw'ubucuruzi. Icyatangaje Mukakarara n'umuryango we, ni uko ECOBANK itigeze iha agaciro imyanzuro y'inkiko ku mpamvu zitaramenyekana. Ariko umuryango wa Mukakarara ukaba ukeka ko Bwimba Robert ari we waba ubiri inyuma. Nyuma yo gutegekwa kwishyura miliyoni ijana na mirongo inani n'icyenda, ibihumbi magana atandatu na mirongo ine, n'amafaranga magana atanu na mirongo inani n'atatu (189,640,583 FRW), umuryango wa Mukakarara witabaje Banki ya Kigali (BK), kugira ngo igure umwenda Mukakarara abereyemo ECOBANK. Nkuko bigaragara ku cyemezo cy'iyo banki cyo ku wa 10 Nzeli 2008, cyashyizweho umukono n'umuyobozi wungirije wa BK Madame Nyiramugwera n'umuyobozi wa za service J P Iyamuremye, BK ikaba yaremereye umuryango wa Mukakara miliyoni ijana na mirongo icyenda n'eshanu (195,000,000 FRW) zo kugura wa mwenda. Ibyo bintu ntabwo byashimishije ECOBANK na none ku mpamvu zitazwi, nkuko bigaragara nu ibaruwa No. JUR/ME/ lm/310/09-2008 yo ku wa 12 Nzeli 2008. Muri iyo baruwa yashyizweho umukono n' umuyobozi mukuru Daniel SACKEY hamwe n'umunyamategeko w'iyo banki Emmanuel Muragijimana, ECOBANK ikaba yaramenyesheje BK ko izayirekera ing-

Baratabaza: Ngiyo inzu igiye gutezwa cyamunara hatabuze ubwishyu wate y'inzu ya Mukakarara, ari uko ibonye sheke ya miliyoni Magana abiri na cumi n'eshatu, ibihumbi Magana atandatu na mirongo itandatu n'umunani n'amafaranga Magana icyenda na mirongo icyenda na rimwe (213,669,991 FRW). Ataboneka inzu igatezwa cyamunara. Aha Mukakarara n'umuryango we bakaba bibaza aho ayo mafaranga yavuye, kandi urukiko rwari rwategetse miliyoni ijana na mirongo inani n'icyenda, ibihumbi magana atandatu na mirongo ine, n'amafaranga magana atanu na mirongo inani n'atatu (189,640,583 FRW). Baratabaza Perezida Kagame Nyuma yuko ECOBANK inanirije BK, hakurikiyeho guteza cyamunara inzu ya Mukakarara Lydia. Ibyo bikaba byarabaye ku wa 12 no ku wa 30 Nzeli 2008, buri gihe cyamunara igapfuba ariko ku mpamvu zinyuranye. Bwa mbere habonetse abaguzi bake, umuryango wa Mukakarara ukeka ko ari abakomisiyoneri ba Robert Bwimba. Bwa kabiri bwo cyamunara ikaba yaraburijwemo nuko wari umunsi w'ikiruhuko kuko icyo gihe nibwo abayisilamu bashoje ukwezi gutagatifu kwa Ramazani. Ubu cyamunara ikaba izongera kuba ku wa 15 Ukwakira 2008, ari nayo mpamvu umukecuru Mukakarara atabaza abayobozi batandukanye ngo bamurenganure. Nkuko bigaragara mu ibaruwa yo ku wa 08 Ukwakira 2008, Mukakarara afatanyije n'umuhungu we Munyanziza Aimable bandikiye umuvunyi mukuru bamusaba kubarenganura. Iyo baruwa iragira iti: "Mbandikiye mbasaba ko mwanyemerera nkabagezaho ibibazo mfitanye na ECOBANK, kugira ngo mundenganure kubera ko bigaragara ko ECOBANK iri mu kagambane gatuma igambiriye cyane guteza cyamunara inzu y'umuryango wacu iri ku Muhima mu kibanza No. 1410 Kigali, nari narabahayeho ingwate." Mukakarara akomeza agaragariza umuvunyi mukuru uko ibintu biteye, akanashyira mu majwi Bwimba Robert ubu ngo wanahagaritse kwishyura ubukode kuko yizeye neza ko iyo nzu azayegukana. Mu kiganiro yagiranye n'Umuseso, Mukakara Lydia yadutangarije n'agahinda kenshi ko rwose yumiwe, kubona agiye kwamburwa umutungo we ku maherere. Yagize ati: " kubona ku myaka mfite ngiye kubura ikinshajisha kandi naramaze imyaka 40 nkora ubutaruka, none ibyo nashoboye kugeraho nkaba ngiye kubyamburwa ku ngufu. Umva sinabuze ubwishyu, simpakana umwenda, inzu yacu ifite agaciro karenga miliyoni magana ane (400,000,000 FRW), cyamunara ya huti huti ni iy'iki?". Uyu mukecuru akaba asaba Perezida Paul Kagame kumugoboka inzu ye ntitezwe cyamunara. Yagize ati: " Namugeneye kopi y'ibaruwa nandikiye umuvunyi mukuru. Ndabizi yanga akarengane, abimenye yandenganura nta kabuza kuko hari benshi nzi yagiye arenganura bafite ibibazo biruta ibyanjye". Yashoje asaba umuvunyi guhagarika icyamunara cyo ku wa 15 Ukwakira 2008, hakurikijwe inyanzuro y'inkiko. Kayigamba Richard

I

bimenyetso byose biragenda bigaragaza ko Leta ya Kabila igomba kwambara igakenyerera urugamba rukomeye; nkuko bisanzwe ruturutse mu burasirazuba bw'icyo gihugu-ni agace ka Kongo katazi ijambo amahoro, mu gihe cy'imyaka igera kuri cumi n'ibiri ishize! Nyuma y'intambara ya AFDL ifatanyije n'ingabo z'u Rwanda na Uganda yahiritse Mobutu ku butegetsi n'iya kabiri ya RCD nayo yaje guhagarikwa bigeze kure u Rwanda ari rwo ruri ku isonga rushaka guhashya interahamwe zagize Kongo indiri yazo, uburasirazuba bwa Kongo bwakomeje kurangwamo intambara n'ubu Leta ya Kabila yatowe n'abaturage ihanganye n'ingabo zayigometseho ziyobowe na Jenerali Major Laurent Nkunda. Uwo musirikare mukuru wakomeje kwibera muri ako karere arwana, ingabo za Kabila zidashoora kuhamukura, ubu aherutse gutangaza ko intambara arwana yahinduye isura, agiye kurwanya ubutegetsi bwa Kabila yivuye inyuma kuko bukandamiza abaturage cyane cyane abo mu gace avukamo-mu burasirazuba. Ayo magambo ya Nkunda yateye benshi kwibaza byinshi cyane cyane ko yaje akurikiye guterana amagambo hagati ya Leta ya Kinshasa na Leta ya Kigali ku bijyanye n'ikibazo cy'interahamwe, u Rwanda ruvuga ko zikomeje kuba ikibazo, Leta ya Kabila nayo ivuga ko ubutegetsi bwa Kagame bushyigikiye Nkunda urwanya ubutegetsi

Repubulika ya Kivu?

No 313, 03-10 Ukwakira 2008

Isesengura

Urup. 11

Ntabwo tuzatera: Amb Richard Sezibera bwa Kabila. Minisitiri Rose Mary Museminari yabyongeyemo ingufu ejobundi atangariza abahagarariye ibihugu byabo mu Rwanda ko u Rwanda rudashobora gukomeza kwihanganira uburyo Leta ya Kabila ishyigikiye interahamwe na FDLR bagamije gukomeza umugambi wo guhekura u Rwanda. Ayo magambo yose hamwe, nta kindi agaragaza uretse intambara igiye kubura muri Kongo, kandi ishobora kongera guhuriramo n'amahanga nk' u Rwanda rukomeje kugaragaza ko ruhangayikishijwe n'interahamwe

Nzaruhuka mfashe Congo yose: Gen Nkunda zitava hakurya y'amazi-muri Kongo. Hagati aho ariko, mu gihe ikivugwa ari interahamwe (ku ruhande rw'u Rwanda) n'umutekano muke w'igice kimwe cy'abanyekongo (ku ruhande rwa Nkunda), isesengura kuri politiki y'aka karere rigaragaza ko umugambi wihishe inyuma ya byose ari icyifuzo cyo gushyiraho Repubulika ya Kivu (igizwe na Kivu y'amajyepfo n'iy'amajyaruguru), hakabaho Leta y'igenga nkuko muri Soudan, amajyepfo (Southern Sudan) bayiharaniye biciye mu ntambara. Ibyo rero byaba ari byo Leta ya Kabila yat-

egereje-Repubulika yigenga ya Kivu. Jenerali Nkunda amaze kugaragaza ko abanyekongo bavuga ikinyarwanda biganje muri kariya karere ka Kivu, batabona umutekano mu gihe cyose baba bategekwa n'ubutegetsi bw'i Kinshasa bwa Kabila, akavuga ko ariyo mpamvu arwanira kubarinda. U Rwanda narwo nubwo mu nama zihuriraho n'ibihugu bya Uganda, Kongo, u Rwanda ndetsae n'u Burundi, bemeranya ko Nkuna kimwe n'indi mitwe nka FDRL, PRA ari imitwe y'abagizi ba nabi, Perezia Kagame n'abajyanama be ni kenshi bagaragaza ko imiyoborere y'ubutegstsi bwa Kabila ariyo iha Nkunda impamvu yo kuba ari hariya-ubwo ni uburyo bwo gushyigikira umuntu ariko mu mvugo yihishe! Ni ukuvuga ko kimwe na Nkunda, u Rwanda ku kibazo cy'interahamwe, Repubulika ya Kivu iyobowe n'umuntu nka Nkunda yabaha icyizere cyuko interahamwe bazirwanya neza kuko haba hari ubushake-ku rundi ariko hari abasanga Kabila gukomeza gushyigikira interahamwe yarahaye uburyo abo bombi kubona inzira yo guharanira kugera ku cyifuzo bamaranye igihe-repubulika ya Kivu. Niba ari uko bimeze, birumvikana ko intambara ya 3 ya Kongo, Nkunda yakoreye `declaration' atari intambara yo guhirika ubutegstsi bwa Kabila, ariko ishobora gusiga Kongo iciwemo ibice bibiri, hakabaho Leta yigenga ya Kivu. 1996-2008: Igihe cyaba kigeze ko ibaho?

M

Bite bya FDLR gutera u Rwanda?

bibangamiye umutekano, hafatwa imyanzuro inyuranye y'uburyo interahamwe zavanwa muri kongo. FDLR gutera u Rwanda Nyuma y'ibyo byose, ubu ikivugwa ni uko FDLR yikusanyije ibifashijwemo na leta ya Kabila ikaba ishaka gutera u Rwanda. Jenerali Laurent Nkunda yemeza ko intarehamwe arizo bahanganye cyane ku rugamba arwana. Ibyo si igitangaza kuko na MONUC itabihakana. Bimaze kuba inkuru izwi na benshi ko Kabila adashobora kwitandukanya n'interahamwe kuko arizo zimugize ku bijyanye no kurwanya abo yita abanzi be. Uko biri kose, ni bantu bake bari bagifite impungenge z'uko umutwe wa FDLR ugifite ingufu zo kuba watekereza gutera u Rwanda-ni nayo mpamvu benshi iyo bivuzwe bahita bumva ko u Rwanda rwishakira impamvu zo gutera Kongo no gufasha Nkunda. Niba aribyo koko ko FDLR yitegura gutera u Rwanda byaba ari ikimeyetso gikomeye cy'uburyo politiki mpuzamahanga kuri Afurika itagifite icyo ishobora kujera kuko inziza zakoreshejwe ni nyinshi kuba ntacyo zagezeho ahubwo FDLR ikaba yariyubatse yitegura gutera, ni amayobera! Charles B Kabonero

u gihe Kongo yongeye kwigarurira paje za mbere z'ibitangazamakuru n'inkuru nyamukuru mu maradiyo na televisiyo bikomeye, ikibazo cya Jenerali Laurent Nkunda kwiyemeza inzira y'intambara nk'igisubizo ku bibazo bya Kongo, kiravugirwa hamwe n'ibitangazwa na leta ya Kigali y'uko umutwe wa FDLR ugizwe ahanini n'abo ubutegetsi bwa Kagame bwita interahamwe zasize zikoze amahano mu Rwanda witegura gutera u Rwanda. Umutwe wa FDLR washyingiwe, ukaba unakorera muri Kongo, ni umutwe Leta ya Kigali ubusanzwe itigeze iha agaciro nk'umutwe wahungabanya umutekano w'u Rwanda cyane cyane ko yemeza ko ugizwe n'abajenosideri bavuye mu Rwanda bahunze ubu banze kuva ku izima gusa. Muri make, ku bwa leta ya Kigali n'abandi benshi, ni umutwe ugizwe n'ingabo zatsinzwe zikomeje gushakisha uko zagaruka mu Rwanda guteza umutekano muke. Kurwanya interahamwe Leta ya Kagame kuva mu 1994 kugeza ubu yakoresheje inzira nyinshi zigamije kurandura ikibazo cy'interahamwe zahungiye muri Kongo. Mu gutangira, bataribumbira mu mitwe nka

FDLR, leta ya Kigali yashoboye guhangana nabo ubwo bageragezaga kugaba ibitero ku Rwanda ndetse binjira n'imbere mu gihugu baturutse muri Kongo, bigera aho batagishobora kwinjira mu Rwanda, bibera mu mashyamba ya Kongo. Mu ntambara z'ubugira kabiri muri kongo, u Rwanda rwayinjiyemo rushyize imbere ikibazo cy'interahamwe. Politiki

Abo wasizeyo bakomeye kumugambi: Gen Rwarakabije Mu rwego rwa politiki, leta ya Kagame yakoze kampanye yo gukangurira abo bihishe muri Kongo guhagarika intamabara bagataha-benshi bagiye baza ku bushake abandi brafatwa bazanwa mu Rwanda. Ibi byakozwe igihe kirekire kandi nubu biracyakorwa. Uretse ibyo, hakomeje kuba imishyikirano ihuriramo u Rwanda n'ibindi bihugu byo mu karere, harimo na Kongo ikibazo cy'interahamwe kiza ku isonga mu

M

Urup. 12

u bihe bishize, Minisiteri ifite amagereza n'umutekano mu nshingano zayo iherutse gufata icyemezo cyo kubuza abantu kugemurira abagororwa ibyo kubatunga. Icyo cyemezo nticyabangamiye abafungiye muri gereza ya Muhanga gusa, ahubwo ni mu magereza yose yo mu Rwanda. Imiryango ifite ababo bafungiye mu magereza, ivuga ko ibisobanuro bitangwa bivuga ko byaba byaratewe n'amarozi yaturukaga ku bantu banyuranye bagemuriraga abagororwa ntibyumvikana neza kuko kugira umuntu wawe ufunze ntumugemurire ari ukubangamira bikabije uburenganzira bwa muntu. Bavuga ko iyo biba ari iby'uburozi bitagamije ubugome bwo kubagirira nabi, bari kubwira abaturage bakajya bazana ibintu bibisi abagororwa bakajya babyitekera kuko ibyo kurya gereza ibaha bidahagije mu buzima bwabo. Icyo abagemura bategetswe, ngo ni ukujya bazana amafaranga, maze ubuyobozi bwa gereza bukayababikira bakajya bayaguramo ibyo bashaka muri Kantine ya gereza. Abaturage bavuga ko kubona amafaranga bigoye cyane, kuko no kugurisha ibyo bajyaga babagemurira bakazana amafaranga abikomotsemo bibagora cyane, kandi ugasanga akenshi ayo mafaranga abivuyemo aba ari make ugereranyije no kubazanira ibyo bintu byashoboraga kubamaza iminsi babirya. Kuba umuntu afunzwe ntibimwambura kuba umuntu Amwe mu mategeko mpuzamahanga u Rwanda rwasinye yerekeranye n'uburenganzira bw'umugororwa, asobanura uburyo umugororwa abaho muri gereza, nibwo bwerekana ko akiri umuntu nubwo hari bimwe aba atemerewe. Hari imibereho agomba kuba afite muri gereza ku mubiri, uko arya, uko aryama, uko yiyuhagira, uko ajya kwituma... Mbese ashobora kubikora ku buryo bworoshye? Cyangwa abisaba umucungagereza akabihabwa bigoye cyane? Ubwo burenganzira buboneka mu masezerano mpuzamahanga yerekeye uburenganzira mu by'imbonezamubano no mu bya politiki ku ngingo ya mbere n'iya 10. Ugufata umugororwa nabi muri gereza, uretse ko binahungabanya uburenganzira bwe, binashobora gufatwa nk'igihano kirimo ubugome, kidakwiye ikiremwamuntu, cyangwa bigitesha agaciro, kandi kidafite aho gishingiye cyakwangiza ubuzima ndetse n'imibereho y'umugororwa. Ihame rya 6 ry'umubumbe w'amahame arengera abantu bose bafunzwe kubera impamvu izo ari zo zose, havuga ko gufata umugororwa nabi muri gereza, bishobora, rimwe na rimwe gukorwa nkana kugira ngo bamuce intege,

Ishyamba si ryeru muri gereza ya Muhanga

Hari abagororwa bavukijwe uburenganzira bwo kujurira

bamucecekeshe, bamuhatire kuba umugabo mu rubanza, bamuhatire kwemera icyaha, n'ibindi. Abafite abantu bafungiye muri gereza ya Muhanga baravuga ko ibi bikorwa ku bagororwa benshi, biturutse ku baba babafungishije bafatanya na bamwe mu bayobozi b'inzego bwite za Leta n'abakuriye ibikorwa bya gacaca mu mirenge. Ushyirwa mu majwi cyane ni ni umuhuzabikorwa w'inkiko gacaca wahoze mu Murenge wa Runda, ubu akaba yarimuriwe muri Nyamabuye Munyakayanza Gonzalve n'agatsiko akorana nako bafatanyije n'umuyobozi wa gereza ya Muhanga wungirije Ntakirutimana Charles. Bikaba binavugwa ko uyu muyobozi hari benshi mu bagororwa yanga gusinyira igihe bashatse kujurira, hagamijwe kugira ngo iminsi yagenwe n'amategeko ibarengane. Ibi ngo binakorerwa n'abashaka gusubirishamo imanza. Bikaba bivugwa ko hashobora kuba hatangwa ruswa iturutse hanze kugira ngo abo bagororwa bahere mu buroko! Zimwe mu ngero nke twatanga, ni inyangamugayo ya Gacaca mu murenge wa Runda mu kagari ka Ruyenzi Twagirimana Josué yafunganywe na mugenzi we Mukakimenyi Annociata, ndetse na Nshimiyimana Emmanuel bari baje gutanga ubuyamya kuri dosiye y'urubanza rwaregwagamoUwamahoro Déo na Mujyambere Jean Claude, bakaba barandikiye rimwe bajurira, ariko Umuyobozi wa gereza ya Muhanga wungirije kuko ari we impapuro zinyuzwaho, iza Mujyambere Jean Claude, Uwamahoro Déo azikuramo azibika mu kabati kandi urubanza ari rumwe!, Kuva mu kwezi kwa 6/08, bakaba barategereje ko abasinyira bagaheba kubera inyungu abifitemo n'abo akorana nabo bashaka guheza abantu muri gereza, binatewe n'ibyo aba yahawe! Babaka bavuga ko uwo muyobozi wa gereza, aho bigeze asigaye abategeka guhindura inyandiko bakandika nkuko ashaka kubera ko mu nyandiko yabo bagaragazamo amakosa nawe akorana na wa Mukuzabikorwa wa gacaca Munyakayanza Gonzalve uhora aza kuri gereza gutegeka abagororwa kwivuguruza mu byo baba baravuze muri gacaca, akabizeza ko azabafungura! Mu buhamya butangwa na Kolini Jean Bosco ufungiye muri gereza ya Muhanga, mu ibaruwa yandimuntu witwa Nshimiyimana Emmanuel wari hanze waje ari nk'umutangabuhamya muri gacaca ku Ruyenzi ku itariki ya 15/6/08 yarahagurutse ashaka gutanga ubuhamya kuri abo bahungu agahita akatirwa igifungo cy'imyaka 30 kandi yari umutangabuhamya gusa! Mu ibaruwa ya Mujyambere Jean Claude na Uwamahoro Déo bakomoka mu Murenge wa Runda mu Kagari ka Ruyenzi banditse, nabo bahamya ko CD wa Gacaca Munyakayanza Gonzalve yaje kuri gereza ya Muhanga aho bafungiye ku itariki ya 17/03/08, agahamagaza umufungwa waburanye urupfu rwa Mudahemuka Emmanuel, akamwereka inyandiko yamuteguriye yo gushinja abo bahungu, kandi muri za gacaca zabanje yaragaragaje ko abo bahungu babeshyerwa, maze akamutegeka kuvuguruza ibyo yavuze mbere. Muri iyo baruwa, bavuga ko Gonzalve yanafatanyije n'umuntu ushinzwe komite Umucyo gacaca ikorera muri gereza witwa Nshimyumuremyi Albert. Ibyo ngo byakozwe yizeza uwo mugororwa kuzamurekura agafungurwa! Ku itariki ya 20/3/08 na none, Munyakayanza Gonzalve yagarutse kuri gereza ahamagaza abagororwa 2: Gatabarwa Emmanuel, na mukuru we Gatsinzi Pierre Claver, nabo abategurira inyandiko yo gushinja Mujyambere Jean Claude na Uwamahoro Déo, kandi nabo mu zindi manza za gacaca baravuze ko abo bahungu babeshyerwa. Yabategetse kuvuguruza ibyo bavuze kera, abizeza ko nibabimukorera bazarekurwa bakava mu buroko. Izo nyandiko yabateguriye niwe ubwe wagiye kuzisinyishiriza ku buyobozi bwa gereza ku itariki ya 25/3/2008, arangije azishyira urukiko rw'ubujurire rwa Kicukiro(i Kigali), ashyira n'inama rusange y'Umurenge wa Ruyenzi! Iki kibazo Mujyambere Jean Claude na Uwamahoro Déo bakigaragarije greffe yo kuri gereza. Banasobanura ko urukiko rwa Kicukiro (Ziniya) rwaje kubaburanisha ku itariki ya 15/6/08 rwabanje gukorana inama na Munyakayanza Gonzalve, Kayitesi Claudine, Kageni Grâce, na Hagumituma Eric bategeka iyo nteko gacaca ibyo iza gukora! Urukiko rugiye no kwiherera rwajyanye nabo, kandi ari nabo baciye urubanza rwabo mbere! Abagororwa twavuze bategekwa guhindura imvugo baburanishije, bamwe ni aba bakurikira: Nshimiyimana Boniface, Musabyimana Etienne alias Kabuye, Gatabarwa Emmanuel, Gatsinzi Pierre Clavel, Nshirimpaka Martin, Harerimana Gaspard ... Imanza zabo zabaye kuri aya matariki akurikira:ku itariki ya 25/9/2007 mu rukiko rw'Umurenge nº2 rwa Ruyenzi; ku itariki ya 10/7/07, na 17/7/07 mu rukiko rw'umurenge wa Ruyenzi nºA rwa Nyirakabuga Vélonique;ku itariki ya11/12/07 mu rukiko rw'ubujurire nºB rwa Ruyenzi; ku itariki ya 25/6/07, mu rukiko rw'umurenge wa Rubona; ku itariki ya 26/6/07, mu rukiko rw'umurenge wa Rubona; ku itariki ya 14/8/07 mu rukiko rw'ubujurire nºB rwa Ruyenzi; ku itariki ya 18/12/07 mu rukiko rw'ubujurire nº4 rwa Ruyenzi rwaburanishijwe uregwa adahari kandi batamubuze. Ibyo biyandikiye n'ibyo bavuze muri izi manza zose, ababifitemo inyungu bakaba bashaka kubihindura ubusa bifashishije abagororwa bategaka guhindura imvugo! Ikindi kivugwa muri iyo gereza ya Muhanga, ni uko haba hari umuntu witwa Musonera Bernard wari warakatiwe n'urukiko gacaca wafunguwe ku itariki ya 13/8/08 n'urukiko gacaca rw'ubujurire rwa Bulinga hemejwe ko ari umwere, yagera iwabo polisi ifatanyije n'abari baramufungishije bakamugarura muri gereza kandi nta yindi gacaca yateranye ngo ikureho icyemezo cyafashwe! Icyemezo kimufungura cyasinywe n'umuyobozi wa gereza ya Muhanga Uwantege Chantal. Kugira ngo gereza ya Muhanga yongere kumwakira, hakozwe igipapuro cyitiriwe ko ari icy'akagari ka Musongati mu murenge wa Kaduha, nta gacaca yigeze iterana, ndetse ntibashyiraho n'icyo aregwa gitumye agarurwa muri gereza! Uko bigaragara, iki gipapuro cyasinywe n'abantu ku giti cyabo, aribo: Ndayisaba, Munyaneza na Kanyamahanga, ku itariki ya 21/8/2008. Nk'uko Musonera Bernard abivuga mu ibaruwa ye yanditse ku itariki ya 1/9/08, yemeza ko yaburaniye mu rukiko gacaca rw'ubujurire rwa Bulinga ku itariki ya12/8/08, hemejwe ko abaye umwere kuko ibyo yashin-

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Uburenganzira bwa muntu

Tabara: Musa Fazil Harelimana tse ku itariki ya 6/9/08, avuga ko Munyakayanza Gonzalve yaje muri gereza ya Muhanga ku itariki ya 17/3, no ku ya 20/3/08 agategeka abantu bafungiye muri iyo gereza: Musonera Michel; Mbayiha François; Gatabarwa Emmanuel, na Gatsinzi P. Clavel kwandika bashinja Mujyambere Jean Claude na Uwamahoro Déo abizeza ko nibabikora azabafungura. Muri iyo baruwa yanditswe n'umugororwa bafunganye wabumvaga, havuga ko CD Gonzalve ari we wijyaniye izo nyandiko yari abategetse kwandika ku buyobozi bwa gereza ku itariki ya 25/3/08. Muri iyi baruwa akaba anavuga ko umuntu wese uri muri gereza ya Muhanga uzi iby'aba bahungu iyo ashatse kugaragaza ko barengana, ngo yongererwa ibihano muri gereza! Uri hanze ya gereza we, ngo ahita azanwa agafungwa. Atanga urugero ku nyangamugayo 2 zashatse kugaragaza ukuri kuri ibi bintu kuko babizi maze zigahita zihabwa igifungo cy'imyaka 6, umwe umwe! Izo nyangamugayo ni zimwe twavuze haruguru zari zishinzwe iby'ikusanyamakuru, ndetse umwe ari we Mukakimenyi akaba yari yihishe hamwe na Uwamahoro Déo na Mujyambere Jean Claude muri jenoside. Ubwo yari agiye kuvuga uko interahamwe zamwiciye imiryango ye yose, inteko ya gacaca yahise imucecekesha ahanishwa igihano cy'igifungo cy'amezi 6 kuko yari agiye kuvuga ko abo bahungu bahimbiwe dosiye ku nyungu z'abantu ku giti cyabo.Undi

Komeza kurup.13

Bikurikira urup. 9

Kagame ateye Congo anyuze kuri Nkunda?

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Ishyamba si ryeru muri gereza ya Muhanga

Bikurikira urup. 13

jwaga bidafite ishingiro. Nyuma y'iminsi 6 yaratashye, akavuga ko ku itariki ya 19/8/08 yafashwe na polisi itamusobanuriye icyo afatiwe ikamufungira mu murenge, maze ku itariki ya 22/8/08 bakamujyana muri gereza ya Muhanga. Akaba atumva ukuntu gereza yakwakira umuntu nta rupapuro rwujuje amategeko rubihamya! Ihame rya 15 rivuga iby'isuku y'abagororwa. Bagomba guhora bakeye ku mubiri, batanuka cyangwa batararitswemo n'inda cyangwa imbaragasa. Ibyo bikunze kuba ahantu hari abagororwa bacucitse mu magereza. Ihame rya 20 rivuga ko ku masaha asanzwe yo kurya, buri mugororwa agomba guhabwa n'ubutegetsi ibiryo bimeze neza bifite intungamubiri hagamijwe kubungabunga amagara ye n'imabaraga ze. Abayobozi ba gereza bagomba kumenya uko aho abagororwa barira hameze, igihe barira n'inshuro bahabwa ibiryo. Buri mugororwa agomba no kubona amazi yo kunywa igihe ayashakiye. Ubuzima bw'abagororwa no kubavuza bigomba kwitabwaho kurusha ibindi, kandi bigakorwa na Leta. Umuyobozi wa gereza agomba

Amakuru

Urup. 13

Ababibona batyo babihera kuba u Bufaransa bwarashyigikiye Leta ya Habyarimana mu ntambara yarwanaga na FPR Inkotanyi naho Amerika n'u Bwongereza bakaba barafashije Museveni mu rugamba yatangiye mu 1981 ndetse na Kagame mu rugamba rwo mu 1990. Kagame akaba kandi yarize amashuri ya gisirikare ahitwa Fort Leavenworth, mu ntara ta Kansas, muri Amerika. Ibyo bihugu kandi bikaba byarateye inkunga ikomeye u Rwanda na Uganda nyuma y'izo ntambara. Umuryango w'abibumbye ahanini ntiwakoze uko ushoboye ngo ukemure ibibazo byo muri aka karere, ahanini kubera inyungu zitandukanye z'abagize akanama gashinzwe amahoro ku isi. Mu itsembabwoko ryabaye mu Rwanda mu 1994, umuryango w'abibumbye wararebereye, ukaba kandi ukomeje no kurebera muri ibi bibazo byose akarere karimo. Impamvu ikomeye ituma ibintu bihindura isura muri aka karere, bikaba bigeze ah'imirwano ndetse n'intambwe yari yaratewe igasubira inyuma ni uko ibyo bihugu by'ibihangange bihugiye mu bibazo bikomeye bibireba, kandi ari nabyo ahanini bigize akanama k'umuryango w'abibumbye gashinzwe umutekano.

Igihe cyo kwihangana cyarangiye: Museminali Mu gihe Amerika ihugijwe n'amatora ndetse n'urugamba rwo muri Iraq, kugeza ubu rutayiguye neza, mu Bwongereza no mu Bufaransa ntiharashira igihe kirekire ingoma zihinduye imirishyo, Gordon Browm asimbura Tony Blair ku mwanya wa Minisitiri w'intebe naho Nicholas Sarkozy asimbura Jacques Chirac ku mwanya w'ubuperezida. U Bushinwa bwo bwirebera inyungu z'ubucuruzi, butivanga cyane mu bya politiki. Umuryango w'abibumbye n'umuryango w'Afurika yunze ubumwe byo bikaba ibhugijwe n'ibibera muri Darfur, Sudan na Somalia. Intambara izongera ibe iy'akarere?

"Ikigaragara ni uko hadakinwe politiki ikomeye n'amahanga akomeye, iyi ntambara ishobora kongera kuba isibaniro ry'u Rwanda, Uganda, Namibia na Angola." Ayo ni amagambo Umuseso watangarijwe n'umwe mu basirikare ba RDF barwanye intambara za Congo ebyiri, 96 na 98, ariko utarashatse ko amazina ye ashyirwa ahagaragara. Yakomeje avuga ko ubu Kabila yagize igihe gihagije cyo guhangana na Nkunda, yemeza ko afatanyije n'u Rwanda, bityo akaba yiteguye guhangana n'u Rwanda. Uwo musirikare kandi asanga inshuti magara za Laurent Desiré Kabila arizo Angola na Namibia, zitazatererana umuhungu we, ariko yemeza ko kuri Zimbabwe bikomeye. Yagize ati: "Ubu Zimbabwe nibwo ikiva mu mvururu z'amatora, ntabwo Mugabe yahita yishora mu ntambara. Byongeyeho kandi, ubu afite umucungira hafi ariwe Morgan Tschivangrai, ku buryo atapfa gukora ibyo yitekerereje byose." Ibyo ari byo byose ariko, ikibazo gikomeye, si intambara muri Congo, kuko intambara muri Congo yabaye nk'umuvumo wo kwihanganirwa, aho kuba ikibazo kigomba gukemurwa. Ikibazo gikomeye kandi si uzayitsinda, ahubwo ni niba uzayitsinda atazikururira indi. Didas M. Gasana

kwitabira kugirana imishyikirano n'abagororwa bose akabafata nk'abantu bakwiye kubahwa. Iyo imirimo ye imubuza kubonana n'abagororwa ubwe, ako kazi kagomba gushingwa umwungirije uzajya amugezaho ibyo abagororwa bakeneye, ndetse n'ibirego bafite. Ibyo birego iyo bishoboka bigomba kubonerwa umuti vuba kandi byitondewe. Umuyobozi agomba kurengera inyungu z'abagororwa, kubavuganira iyo bafite impamvu zo kwinubira umukozi cyangwa undi muntu wo hanze. Umuyobozi agomba kwiyumvisha ko azabazwa ibikorwa bye mu kigo ashinzwe. Agomba gutanga raporo mu bihe bizwi akanagenzurwa, ndetse akagirana imishikirano izira uburyarya n'inzego zindi zo hanz ya gereza, ku buryo zisobora gusura ikigo mu bihe bizwi. Ikigo cyiza kigomba kugendwa n'Abadepite n'abahagarariye ibitangazamakuru kugira ngo bavuge ibibazo bihari, ibikenewe, amizero n'ibyo abagororwa n'abakozi batinya. Iyo ikigo cya gereza gicungwa neza kandi gifite abakozi bumva akazi bafite n'umurava, nta kihabera na kimwe cyagombye guhishwa abo hanze. Habuhazi Innocent

Urup. 14

M

na Charles B. KABONERO

IBIMBABAZA

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Igitekerezo

u ntangiriro z'iki cyumweru, Perezida wa Republika Paul Kagame yarahije ku mugaragaro abadepite bagize inteko ya gatatu (nyuma y'iya mbere y'inzibacyuho, n'iya kabiri icyuye ighe). Abo badepite ni `abatowe' ku matariki ya 15-18 Nzeri 2008. Inteko yabanjirije iyi, yaranenzwe cyane ndetse ku buryo umusaruro wayo nta gushidikanya wari hasi cyane y'ibyakozwe n'inteko y'inzibacyuho y'abantu nka Nkusi, Rose Kabuye, Sebarenzi, n'abandi. Nyuma yo kurahira kw'abo badepite, ikibazo gikomeye ubu ni ukwibaza ngo, iyi nteko ya gatatu, hari igishya izakora? Ese yaha abantu icyizere ko atari ya nteko ikoreshwa n'urwego nyubahiuriza-tegeko? Yaba inteko yigenga, igenzura ibikorwa guverinoma koko cyangwa ni abadepite basanzwe bo kwicara bagahembwa bagataha? Ni inteko y'abantu bifitiye icyizere? Muri iyi nyandiko, ndarebera hamwe abagize iyi nteko, umwuka wa politiki bazakoreramo, n'ibindi byose hamwe mperaho nsesengura umusaruro utezwe kuri izo `ntumwa za rubanda'; Uko bagiyeho Ingingo ya mbere ikomeye, ni uburyo abadepite bo mu Rwanda batowe; nkuko bisanzwe, nta piganwa abadepite bo mu Rwanda bacamo kugera mu nteko! Ni abadepite bashyirwaho n'ishyaka riri ku butegetsi-hano ndavuga aba FPR ndetse n'andi mashyaka yo mu Rwanda yitwa ko apigana mu matora. Si abadepite nkuko bikorwa ahandi henshi ku isi, bagiye gusobanurira abaturage ibyo bazakora, ngo abaturage bahitemo bakurikije gahunda zabo. Nta nubwo ari abadepite bigaragaje mu mitwe ya politiki bakomokamo ngo bapigane mu bitekerezo, ishyaka ririhitemo rikurikije abarusha abandi ibitekerezo bazajyana mu nteko-ahubwo ni abantu hakurikijwe ibyifuzo n'inyungu z'abanyabubasha bagiriwe icyizere cyo guhagarira amashyaka, amashyaka ajya mu matora, haba umuhango w'amatora, byitwa ko abaturage batoye abadepite. Ubu buryo, bwatanga icyizere mu bihuhu politiki y'amashyaka menshi yateye imbere ariko nko mu Rwanda, ni ikinyoma kuko abaturage batora batazi n'abagiye kubahagarira! Bene abo badepite bateruwe bakagezwa mu nteko, nta musaruro wabategaho. Amaraso ashaje yagarutsemo Nubwo hari amaraso mashya aga-

Impamvu inteko ya 3 nayo nta cyizere itanga

politiki) Nigeze kugaragaza amagambo nabwiwe n'umudepite twaganiriye, akambwira mubajije impamvu badatinyuka ngo bavuge, ansubiza ko afite umugore n'abana batatu biga. Ambwira ko umufasha we yiga muri imwe muri kaminuza zo muri Kigali, ari we umutangirira, agatangirira n'abana be batatu. Ambaza aramutse avuze akabizira (akirukanwa cyangwa agafungwa), umufasha we akananirwa kurangiza amashuri, uko abana be babaho, hanyuma ambaza niba yicecekeye, agakomeza agahembwa, umufasha n'abana be bakiga icyo byamutwara! Uko niko politiki ikinwa mu Rwanda-abanyapolitki bayijyamo bashakamo amaramuko. Niyo mpamvu, inyungu bareba, ari inyungu bwite naho ibyo kujya gucukumbura uko amafaranga yanyerejwe cyangwa serivisi zatanzwe cyangwa zitatanzwe ari ukwikururira ibibazo-abo nibo badepite na none bari mu nteko ya 3, ubutegetsi bwa Kagame bwemeza ko gutorwa kwabo ari ugushimangira demokarasi mu Rwanda. Ubu benshi muri abo icyo batekereza ubu, ni imodoka nshya bagiye guhabwa-bari mu mujyi bashaka `salon' nshya zo mu mazu yabo kuko babaye ba nyakubahwa, iby'inshingano ntacyo bivuze! [email protected] Tel; 08354880

Aranengwa: Rose Mukantabana

ragara mu nteko ya gatatu, nta mpinduka nini yigaragaza mu gihe bamwe mu babonwaga nk'abari ku isonga mu bikorwa by'inteko icyuhe igihe, bitatanze umusaruro, bagarutsemo n'ubu kandi baracyari ku isonga; muri abo harimo abantu nka Polisi Denis, wongeye gutorerwa kuba Visi-Perezida w'inteko, umwanya yari asanganywe mu nteko icyuhe igihe. Kugaruka kwa Polisi Denis mu buyobozi bw'inteko, ni ikimenyetso simusiga cyuko umwuka ukiri wa wundi, igipindi gikenewe aho mu nteko kikiri cya kindi, nta gishya. Umudepite aracyari igikoresho Inteko ya gatatu, itangiye imirimo yayo, mu gihe bigaragara neza mu Rwanda ku bijyanye na politiki cyane cyane ku bwigenge bw'inteko nta kirahinduka, by'umwihariko ku badepite, umudepite wo mu Rwanda aracyafite igihe kirekire ari igikoresho cy'ishyaka riri ku butegetsi, ku buryo nta byemezo inteko ya gatatu yategwaho ku bijyanye n'imirimo ikomeye nko kugenzura imikorere ya guverinoma. Iyo ni impamvu ikomeye yuko nta musaruro ufatika bategwaho n'abaturage, kuko nta bwisansure bafite. Ni ba badepite bagiye hariya bazi ko ari icyizere bagiriwe na FPR n'abanyabubasha bayirimo, atari abaturage. Nkuko bisanzwe, inyungu bagomba guhagararira ni iz'abo babagiriye icyizere cyo `kubaha ubudepite'. Inyungu bwite (amaramuko muri

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madini ni iki? Amadini avuka ate? Amadini amaze iki? Ibibazo mu madini. Umuti w'ibibazo by'amadini Amadini ni iki? Gusobanura icyo amadini ari cyo muri iki gihe ntibyoroshye! Ninagerageza kubisobanura: ndatanga ibisobanuro byinshi kandi binyuranye. Amadini yatangiye ari iyobokamana. Namenye ubwanjye mbona amadini atatu: Kiriziya Gatorika; Abaporoson'Abayisiramu. Ayo madini yaranzwe no gusebanya! Vuba haduka andi atari hasi ya 50 +------!! Aho bigeze nagereranya amadini n'amashyaka ya politiki cyangwa amakipi y'umupira w'amaguru nka APR FC, Rayon Sport, Atraco FC, Kiyovu FC n'andi! Ariko igiteye agahinda ni amadini amwe yahindutse amashyirahamwe y'ubucuruzi. igishoro cyayo si ukutagira kashi, ni ukumenya kuvuga usobanura imirongo ya Bibiriya ku buryo abayoboke bayo bamatira (brain washed)! Ahasigaye icy'icumi kigahinduka icy'ijana! Ikindi giteye agahinda, ni amadini atagendana n'itegeko nshinga: atemera, atarahira, abuza abantu kunywa amata (inka zigakamirwa hasi) n'ibindi bidahwitse!? Ubu rwose nashobewe uko nasobanura amadini anyanyagiritse muri uru Rwanda!? Amadini avuka ate mu Rwanda ? Amwe aza ari amaduka, yagera mu Rwanda abayobozi bayo bagashwanira/ bakazira amafaranga y'amaturo cyangwa impano zituruka hirya no hino bagacikamo ibice, bagahindura amazina, bagasaba ubuzima gatozi. Leta idashishoje bihagije, yabona ifite inyubako zifatika, afite abayoboke, ndetse biganjemo abayobozi ikayaha umugisha (ubuzima gatozi). Urugero rufatika rwamenyeshejwe n'umuyobozi w'idini E E R Nyagatare (Eglise Episcopale au Rwanda) Pasteur Mubogora, wagize ati : « hari idini ry'icyaduka ryahimbwe n'ibyigomeke by'idini E E R, byaranzwe n'imyitwarire mibi, itagendanye n'amabwiriza y'idini E E R. basabwe gukosora iyo myitwarire, bahitamo kwigomeka bahimba idini babatije « E E R ubutayu » rirangwa n'ubugome bwo kubuza abana kwiga, bafashwa na Compassion, bavuga yuko imfashanyo bahabwa zituruka kuri « Shitani » ! Ibi ni ibyatangajwe na Pasteur Mubogora imbere y'imbaga y'abantu batari hasi ya 500 na ------- bari bitabiriye umushyitsi w'icyubahiro, Minisitiri Daforoza Gahakwa, wari uherekejwe n'umuyobozi wungirije w'Akarere ka Nyagatare Madamoiselle Ivona. Pasteur Mubogora yasabye Minisitiri kwamagana iryo dini rigamije gusebya idini E E R ryiyitirira, irkongeraho akajambo « ubu-

tayu » ! Si iryo dini ryonyine ryamaganywe, n'umuyobozi kusanyabikorwa w'akagari ka Matimba, Bwana Kamanzi Emmnuel yatangaje andi madini nka Abayehova n'irindi ryitwa abadodiye n'andi abuza abantu kwifotoza ngo bahabwe indangamuntu, abuza abantu kwitabira amatora, n'abuza abantu kurahira indahiro yose iri mu itegeko nshinga !! Minisitiri yasabye abayobozi b'ayo madini kwisobanura, habura ibisobanuro, barya indimi !! Pasteur Zaburoni uyobora idini ryitwa ADEPR ahawe ijambo yifashisha Bibiliya agira ati : « ubuyobozi n'abayobozi batorwa n'Imana, yungamo agira ati : ugomera ubuyobozi n'abayobozi aba agomeye Imana. Bibiriya yera itangaza yuko Yezu/ Yesu atazanywe no gukuraho ibyo yasanze , ahubwo yazanywe no kubikomeza. Yezu/ Yesu agashimangira iyo mvugo agira ati : ibya Kayizari mubihe Kayizari , iby'Imana mubihe Imana ». Minisitiri yunganiwe na Mademoiselle Ivona basabye abayobozi b'ayo madini rushenyi kwisubiraho, bitari ibyo amategeko akitabazwa. Amadini amaze iki ? Ibi simbitindaho, amadini yakoze byinshi ntarondora : Iyobokamana, ibikorwaremezo nk'amashuri, ibitaro, amaramizo n'ibindi. Ibyo bikorwa bigamije kurwanya ubujiji (amashuri), indwara (amavuriro), umutekano n'iyobokamana (amaramizo). Abayobozi benshi bayoboye uru Rwanda bamurikiwe n'amadini, nubwo umukobwa aba umwe agatukisha benshi

Amateka, imiterere n'ibibazo mu madini yo mu Rwanda

kwemera icyaha, igasabira imbabazi abayobozi bamwe bivanze muri Jenoside, iranangira nk'u Bufaransa. Igiteye agahinda ntaca iruhande, ni uko abayobozi bivanze mu marorerwa yashenye u Rwanda , Kiriziya ikunze kubakingira ikibaba !!! Musenyeri Misago yafungujwe n'ingufu za Leta ya Vatican iyobowe na Papa, abasenyeri baguye ku rugamba biruka inyuma ya Leta y'abatabazi mu ntara y'Amajyepfo, n'ubu biragaragara yuko Kiriziya Gatorika iri inyuma y'urubanza rwabo ibakingira ikibaba ! Abo basenyeri bajugunye intama bari baragiye biruka inyuma y'abicanyi bari bagize Leta rushenyi ! Musenyeri Ruzindana wahurudutse Byumba n'abandi bavanye i Kigali bajya he ! Umugani ugira uti: " umuntu ahunga ikimwirukana, ntahunga ikimwirukamo. » bazize icyabirukagamo !! Birukankagwamo n'ubugambanyi n'ubwicanyi !! Abasirikare biyemereye yuko ari bo babarashe, bavuga ko batari bagambiriye kubica, ariko ubugome bwabavugwagaho bwateye umujinya abo basirikare bari batakaje ababo benshi ; simbona icyo Brig. Gen. Gumisiriza na Major ------- bakurikiranwaho ! Icyaha ni « gatozi », gushingira kuri « Command » bizakurura benshi mu manza nka Papa uyoboye « Command » y'abayobozi ba Kiriziya baregwa Jenoside , l'ONU yari irangajwe imbere na Kofi Anani, u Bufaransa bwari buyobowe na Mitterrand n'abandi n'abandi !!! Leta y'u Rwanda ntikurikirana u Bufaransa nka « Command » ariko izakurikirana ba gatozi 33 bahamwa n'ibyo bikoreye, cyangwa bikoreye ku giti cyabo. Urubanza rw'abasirikare Brig. Gen. Gumisiriza na Major -----bashingiye kuri Command, « Papa, Perezida Sarkozy w'u Bufaransa, l'O.N.U. n'ubuyobozi bw'ibihugu byose bitungwa urutoki, bitegure yuko bazafatanya igihano cy'abo basirikare, baramutse bazize "Command". "Ikosa rikorewe mu mategeko, rihinduka itegeko!" Urugero rufatika: muri Nigeria hari itegeko rigira riti: " uziba umufuka w'isukari, agatsindwa n'urwo rubanza, azacibwa urwo "gupfa." Bukeye umuntu atsindwa n'urwo rubanza, ahanwa hakurikijwe itegeko. Ariko bibagirwa yuko iryo tegeko ryari rifite umugereka ugira uti: uwaramuka arigase kuri iyo sukari we se azacirwa urubanza rumwe n'uwayibye. Ariko (umucamanza ) wari uzi ko uwo mugereka wibagiranye n'ubucamanza bwa Nigeria, ariko bitarahindutse mu nyandiko, yegera wa mujura amusaba kujurira, akamurekera urwo rubanza. Mu rubanza rw'ubujurire, uburanira umujura avuga yuko umujura atibye isukari ahubwo yibye umunyu. Abacamanza bavuga bihanukiriye yuko umufuka uhari nk'ikizibiti. Uburanira umujura ati : ndabyemera yuko umufuka ari wo, " ariko yungamo asaba abacamanza kurigata kuri iyo sukari ngo bemeze yuko atari umunyu. Abacamanza bagwa mu mutego barigataho! Avoka w'umujura yitabaza igitabo cy'amategeko kimaze imyaka 10 kibitse mu kabati, yerekana umurongo w'umugereka utarigeze uhindurwa. Abacamanza bisanze mu mazi abira! Basanze bafatanyije ubufatanya-cyaha n'umujura! Basaba gusubika urubanza, bagerageza uko bakwigobotora muri urwo rubanza, babonye byanze baca urubanza bavuga yuko umujura atibye isukari, ahubwo yibye umunyu. Umujura ahabwa akayabo k'amafaranga yo gutezwa urubwa ( character assassination allegation), hishyurwa n'amafaranga ya Avoka. Uru rugero mbahaye nirutitonderwa n'urubanza rwa Brig. Gen. Gumisiriza na mugenzi we Major Ukwishaka, bizahitana ba Nyakubahwa nerekanye haruguru n'abandi narengeje amase!!! Nkomeze n'ibibazo by'amadini: kwivanga kw'amadini n'ubuyobozi bwa Leta byateye igisare Kiriziya Gatorika mu icibwa ry'umwami Musinga, mu iyicwa ry'umwami Mutara Rudahigwa n'ihirikwa ry'umwami Kigeli V Ndahindurwa!! Bitinde bitebuke urupfu rwa Musinga n'urw'umwana we ( umwami Mutara Rudahigwa) bizabazwa "u Bubirigi na Kiriziya Gatorika ! Musenyeri Classe na Perraudin bayoboye Kiriziya Gatorika muri ayo marorerwa bazabiryozwa! Ikibazo cy'ihirikwa ry'umwami Kigeli V ngifitiye umuti nzatanga mu gihe gito kiri imbere, mba narawutanze nahagaritswe n'amatora twarimo . ni ikibazo cyarangizwa n'imishyikirano hagati y'umwami Kigeli V, Leta y'u Rwanda n'abanyarwanda muri rusange. Si ikibazo gishaka urukiko rw'Arusha , " Gacaca " ya Matimba yakirangiza mu munsi umwe. Ndategura uko iyo Gacaca yakorwa. Ibi bisa n'inzozi, bizatungura benshi. Akarere ka Nyagatare isonga mu mihigo, kazaba aka mbere mu byo bita inzozi. Ikibazo cy'umwami Kigeli V mvuge nk'urwenya , si urwenya, ni impano: ni ubutumwa natumwe n'Imana. Sinabonekewe, ubwo butumwa bwanyuze mu nzozi. Ndasaba buri wese kutagitindaho, iki kibazo kitagira uwo kirangaza.

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Igitekerezo

Urup. 15

Afite amadini munshingano ze: Musoni Protais Si ibanga, uzagira amatsiko agashaka kubimenya mbere yuko mbitangaza mu nyandiko, aho twahurira hose nabimubwira kuko ari ubutumwa bwa buri munyarwanda wese. Umuti w'ibibazo by'amadini. Ibi simbitindaho na byo: iyo indwara yamenyekanye, uyiha umuti ukwiye, mu gihe gikwiye kandi n'ahakwiye. Nerekanye indwara amadini arwaye kwivanga n'ubuyobozi bwa Leta, arwanya itegeko nshinga rya Leta. Leta iragiye imibiri, amadini aragiye roho: Leta, iti: mibiri yanjye mwirinde "Sida" mwitabaza "agakingirizo no gusiramuza". Amadini akunganira Leta agira ati: " Roho zanjye mwirinde « Sida » mwifate, mutica itegeko rya 6 ry'Imana. Amadini ntategeka kwambara agakingirizo, roho ntiyambara agakingirizo. Aho ikibazo kivukira, ni igihe amadini yivangira mu mabwiriza ya Leta akarwanya kwambara agakingirizo, gusiramura no kubyara indahekana! Nkuko natangiye mbyerekana: Amadini yerekanywe haruguru n'andi avangira Leta, umuti uroroshye. Niba Leta yaratanze ubuzima-gatozi yibeshye, izisubireho itange ubuzima gatozi bujyanye n'amabwiriza ya Leta. Abatazubahiriza ayo mabwiriza bazigene kigabo: bakuremo akabo karenge. Ibindi bibazo amadini ahura na byo: ni ukuvuga ibyo abayobozi bayo batubahiriza: yigisha urukundo ariko nshyize ku munzani urwo rukundo nsanga ari 0,001% mu biyita abarokore!!! " Kunda mugenzi wawe uko wikunda ." hazagire utanga igipimo kirenze icyo ntanze " Yubile" y'imyaka 100 amadini yadutse mu Rwanda yashojwe na Jenoside! Mvuze ko urukundo ari 0 % naba nibeshye ? Inzira y'ijuru ni urukundo, urukundo ni ugutanga, gutanga ni ukwitanga. Mzee Karemberi Claudiani Inyangamugayo ya Matimba

Ibibazo mu madini . Iyi ngingo ngezeho ni yo yanzinduye nandika iyi nyandiko: ibibazo mu madini ni byinshi, amadini yaranzwe n'amacakubiri yahitanye inzirakarengane nyinshi. Papa Jean Paul wa II yabitangaje igihe yasuraga igihugu cya Saudi Arabia, yagize ati : « amacakubiri yashyamiranyije Kiriziya Gatorika n'Abayisiramu yahitanye benshi, bitari ngombwa ! Asabira ababikoze imbabazi, agira ati : amadini yose yemera Imana imwe, amadini atandukanywa n'uburyo baramyamo Imana : Abanyagatorika bakora ikimenyetso cy'umusaraba, Abayisiramu bahonda agahanga hasi, abaporoso n'abarokore barambura amaboko n'ibindi n'ibindi. Amadini yivanze n'ubuyobozi bwa Leta cyane cyane mu Rwanda, bituma amakosa yakozwe na Leta abarwa ku madini cyane cyane Kiriziya Gatorika mbereye umuyoboke. Nasabye Kiriziya Gatorika

Urup. 16

No 314, 11-17 Ukwakira 2008

Kwamamaza

Roto Plastic Tanks

Ibigega bishya by'amazi Roto bikorwa muri Plastiki n'abahanga b'inzobere mu ikoranabuhanga ryo guhunika amazi. Iyo bavuze Ibigega Roto, jya wumva ikintu gikomeye, gihendutse, kandi gisukuye. Roto kandi ni ibigega bidakenera gukanikwa, biterekwa mu buryo bworoshye kandi biberanye n'ahantu hose. Ibigega Roto mu bigo by'amashuri, mu bikingi by'ubworozi, mu nganda no mu bitaro, ku nsogero z'amazu, ku mashantiye y'ubwubatsi, mu mago........ mbese ntaho Roto itakoreshwa. Niyo mpamvu Ibigega by'amazi Roto bikoze muri Plastiki bimaze kwamamara muri Afrika y'Iburasirazuba.

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