Read Maxell Industrial Batteries01.PDF text version

Maxell batteries: Meeting a variety of energy needs

CR/ER/SR/ICP/ML/TC

Industrial Batteries

Maxell supplies various battery lineups corresponding to application usage of diversified equipment, ranging from lithium ion batteries as the main power sources of portable information devices to backup power sources for various electronics devices.

Position of Maxell Batteries

4

(Li-ion)

ICP

ER

(Li-ion)

Total Capacity

ICP

ge (

V)

3

ML

2

CR

(Coin-Type)

Volt a

(Cylindrical)

CR ML

Total Capacity

TC

1

SR

TC LR

Total Capacity

(Alkaline Battery)

0 0.1 1 10 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 1,000,000

Capacity (mAh)

í Application of Primary and Secondary Batteries

Primary

CR Mobile Phones Telecommunications PHS OA Machines (Fax, Copiers, Printers) Notebook PCs Desktop PCs IT Hardware PDAs Electronic Dictionaries Calculators Camcorders Imaging Digital Still Cameras Film Cameras Portable CD/MD Players Audio Digital Audio Players Timepieces Watches Medical Instruments, Cash Registers Industrial FA Instruments (Measuring Instruments, Onboard Microcomputers, Sensors) Electronic Meters (Water, Gas, Electricity) Keyless Entry Systems Automobiles ETC (Electronic Toll Collection System) Portable Game Devices Other Remote Controllers ER SR ICP

k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k k

Secondary

ML

k k k k k k

TC

k k

1

CONTENTS

CR

Lithium Manganese Dioxide Battery

í Coin Type CR2450 CR2032H CR2025 CR2012 CR1616 CR1216

& & & & & &

Primary Secondary

3 5

CR2430 CR2032 CR2016 CR1620 CR1220 CR1025

7 8 9 10 11 12 13 15 16 17 18

With Terminals and Wire Connectors í Heat Resistant Coin Type CR2450HR

&

CR2450HR-Ex

í Cylindrical Type CR17450

&

CR17335

ER

Lithium Thionyl Chloride Battery

ER18/50 ER6 ER17/33 ER3S With Terminals and Wire Connectors

& & &

19 24 25 26 27 28

ER17/50 ER6C ER3

SR ICP ML

Silver Oxide Battery Lithium Ion Rechargeable Battery Lithium Manganese Dioxide Rechargeable Battery

ML2032 ML1220 With Terminals and Wire Connectors

&

29

33

37 41 42 43

ML2016

TC

Titanium Carbon Lithium Rechargeable Battery

TC920S

45 49

2

CR

Lithium Manganese Dioxide Battery (Li/MnO2)

CR2450 / CR2430 / CR2032H / CR2032 / CR2025 / CR2016 / CR2012 / CR1620 / CR1616 / CR1220 / CR1216 / CR1025 / With Terminals and Wire Connectors (CR2450 / CR2032 / CR2025 / CR1616 / CR1220) Heat Resistant Coin Type CR2450HR / CR2450HR-Ex CR17450 / CR17335

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE BATTERY

3

Safety Instructions

This battery contains lithium, organic solvents, and other combustible materials. For this reason, improper handling of the battery could lead to distortion, leakage*, overheating, explosion, or fire, causing bodily injury or equipment trouble. Please observe the following instructions to prevent accidents. (* Leakage is defined as the unintentional escape of a liquid from a battery.)

Warnings

Handling

Warnings

Circuit Design for Back-up Use

íNever swallow. Always keep the battery out of the reach of infants and young children to prevent it from being swallowed. If swallowed, consult a physician immediately. íNever charge. The battery is not designed to be charged by any other electrical source. Charging could generate gas and internal short-circuiting, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever heat. Heating the battery to more than 100 deg. C* could increase the internal pressure, causing distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. (* Consult Maxell regarding heat resistant coin type lithium manganese dioxide batteries.) íNever expose to open flames. Exposing to flames could cause the lithium metal to melt, causing the battery to catch on fire and explode. íNever disassemble the battery. Do not disassemble the battery, because the separator or gasket could be damaged, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever reverse the positive and negative terminals when mounting. Improper mounting of the battery could lead to short-circuiting, charging or forced-discharging. This could cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever short-circuit the battery. Do not allow the positive and negative terminals to short-circuit. Never carry or store the battery with metal objects such as a necklace or a hairpin. Do not take multiple batteries out of the package and pile or mix them when storing. Otherwise, this could lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever weld the terminals or weld a wire to the body of the battery directly. The heat of welding or soldering could cause the lithium to melt, or cause damage to the insulating material in the battery. This could cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. When soldering the battery directly to equipment, solder only the tabs or leads. Even then, the temperature of the soldering iron must be below 350 deg. C and the soldering time less than 5 seconds. Do not use a soldering bath, because the circuit board with battery attached could stop moving or the battery could drop into the bath. Moreover do not use excessive solder, because the solder could flow to unwanted portions of the board, leading to a short-circuit or charging of the battery. íNever use different batteries together. Using different batteries together, i.e. different type or used and new or different manufacturer could cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire because of the differences in battery property. If using two or more batteries connected in series or in parallel even same batteries, please consult with Maxell before using. íNever allow liquid leaking from the battery to get in your eyes or mouth. Because this liquid could cause serious damage, if it does come in contact with your eyes, flush them immediately with plenty of water and consult a physician. Likewise, If the liquid gets in your mouth, rinse immediately with plenty of water and consult a physician. íKeep leaking batteries away from fire. If leakage is suspected or you detect a strong odor, keep the battery away from fire, because the leaked liquid could catch on fire. íNever touch the battery electrodes. Do not allow the battery electrodes to come in contact with your skin or fingers. Otherwise, the moisture from your skin could cause a discharge of the battery, which could produce certain chemical substances causing you to receive a chemical burns.

This is a primary battery and cannot be charged. If used in memory or RTC back-up applications, be sure to use diodes to prevent charging from the main power source or other batteries, and a protective resistor to regulate the current as shown in the figure below. Note that the points described below should be taken into careful consideration when selecting diodes and protective resistors.

Diode +5V Load +5V Diode Diode Diode Protective resistor Battery Protective resistor Battery Diode Load

Example (A)

Example (B)

íSupplied voltage to load Because a diode and a resistor generate the voltage drop on operating, please take into consideration these voltage drops for supplied voltage to load. íUsing diodes to prevent charging Please choose diodes with leak current as small as possible. Please keep the charged capacity due to leak current to within 1% of nominal capacity. íUsing and setting protective resistors A protective resistor is used to prevent the battery from being charged by large surges of current during diode failure. Please set the resistor so that the maximum current shown in the right table is not exceeded. For example, say a CR2032 battery is used in sample circuit (A) in combination with a main power source 5 volt. Since the permitted charge current is 10mA and this battery's voltage is 3V, let the resistor be R>(5V-3V)/10mA=0.2k ohm, = meaning that at least 0.2k ohm is required.

Maximum Current Type 15mA CR2450 15mA CR2430 10mA CR2032H 10mA CR2032 10mA CR2025 10mA CR2016 10mA CR2012 4.0mA CR1620 2.5mA CR1616 3.0mA CR1220 2.5mA CR1216 2.5mA CR1025 15mA CR2450HR 15mA CR2450HR-Ex 20mA CR17450 20mA CR17335

Warnings

Disposal

The battery may be Do not pile up or mix Tape regulated by national or batteries. local regulation. Please follow the -- instructions of proper + Enlarged view regulation. As electric Battery Electric current flows. capacity is left in a discarded battery and (Example of it comes into contact battery insulation) with other metals, it These batteries generate heat. could lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion, so make sure to cover the (+) and (-) terminals with friction tape or some other insulator before disposal.

4

CR

Caution

Coin Type Lithium Manganese Dioxide Battery

Handling/Storage

íNever expose the battery to ultrasonic sound. Exposing the battery to ultrasonic sound may cause short-circuiting because the inside material is broken into pieces, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever subject the battery to severe shock. Dropping, throwing or stomping on the battery may cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever short-circuit the battery while installing into equipment. Please be careful when installing the battery not to short-circuit it with metal portions of the equipment. íUse the correct battery suitable for the equipment. The battery may not be suitable for the specific equipment due to the using conditions or type of equipment. Please select the suitable battery according to the handling instructions of the equipment.

íNever use or leave the battery in a hot place such as under the direct rays of the sun or in a car in hot weather. If you do, this may cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever allow the battery to come in contact with water. If it does, this may cause the battery to rust or lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever store the battery in a hot and highly humid environment. Doing so may cause the performance of the battery to deteriorate. In certain environments, this may lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íKeep contact pressure more than 2N. The battery voltage may be lower than intended value because of poor contact condition, please keep contact pressure more than 2N for suitable contact resistance. on, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire.

Overview

The coin-type lithium manganese dioxide battery (CR battery) is a small, lightweight battery with an operating voltage of 3V and the ability to operate over a wide temperature range. It has a wide range of applications, both for powering devices such as wristwatches and electronic calculators and can be used in all types of electronic devices mainly as memory and RTC backup.

Products

Model Nominal Voltage (V) Nominal Capacity (mAh)** Nominal Discharge Current (mA) Operating Temperature Range (deg. C)*** Dimensions*

Diameter (mm) Height (mm)

CR2450 CR2430 CR2032H CR2032 CR2025 CR2016 CR2012 CR1620 CR1616 CR1220 CR1216 CR1025 3 610 0.2 3 290 0.2 3 240 0.2 3 220 0.2 3 170 0.2 3 90 0.1 3 50 0.1 3 80 0.1 3 55 0.1 3 36 0.1 3 25 0.1 3 30 0.1

­20 to +85 24.5 5.0 6.6 24.5 3.0 4.6 20.0 3.2 3.0 20.0 3.2 3.0 20.0 2.5 2.5 20.0 1.6 1.7 20.0 1.2 1.4 16.0 2.0 1.3 16.0 1.6 1.1 12.5 2.0 0.8 12.5 1.6 0.6 10.0 2.5 0.6

Weight (g)*

* Dimensions and weight are for the battery itself, but may vary depending on terminal specifications and other factors. ** Nominal capacity indicates duration until the voltage drops down to 2.0V when discharged at a nominal discharge current at 20 deg. C. ***When using these batteries at temperatures outside the range of 0 to +40 deg. C, please consult Maxell in advance for conditions of use. · Data and dimensions are just reference values. For further details, please contact your nearest Maxell dealer or distributor.

Construction

Example of Typical Construction Negative Cap Negative Electrode (Lithium) Separator (­) Gasket

Principle and Reactions

The coin-type lithium manganese dioxide battery uses manganese dioxide (MnO2) as its positive active material, lithium (Li) as its negative active material, and an organic electrolyte. íBattery Reactions Positive reaction: MnO2 Negative reaction: Li Total reaction: MnO2

Positive Can Positive Electrode (Manganese Dioxide) Collector

Li Li

+

(+)

MnOOLi + Li e­ MnOOLi

5

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE BATTERY

Features

íOptimum for Memory and RTC Backup (Fig. 1) Displays long-term stable operating voltage at low load discharge. íHigh 3 volt energy density High energy density. At 3 volts (nominal voltage), it has about twice the voltage of alkaline button batteries and silver oxide batteries. íStable discharge characteristics through low internal resistance and high operating voltage Employs highly conductive electrolyte, lowering internal resistance and providing stable operating voltage. This allows stable power to be obtained, with little change in operating voltage at room temperature as well as high and low temperatures. íSuperior leakage resistance and excellent storage characteristics (Fig. 2) Employs a leak-resistant organic electrolyte, giving it better leakage resistance than battery types using alkaline electrolytes. Furthermore, the high degree of seal of the seal structure and application of sealant keep self-discharge to about 1% per year. íSuperior high rate discharge characteristics (Fig. 3)

Fig. 1 Relationship between Discharge Current Consumption and Duration Time

Discharge current consumption (A)

10 2

Fig. 2 Discharge Characteristics after Storage

3.5 3.3 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.5

CR2032H

Discharge load : 15k ohm Temperature : 20 deg. C

10 1

CR2450 CR2430 CR2032H CR2032 CR2025 CR2016 CR1620 CR1616 CR2012 CR1220 CR1025 CR1216

Initial

After stored for 100 days at 60 deg. C (equivalent to storage at 20 deg. C for 5 years)

10 0

10-1 1 2 3 4 5

6

7

8 9 10

Voltage (V)

Discharge duration time (years)

0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

Discharge duration time (hours)

Fig. 3 High Rate Discharge Characteristics

CR2032H

3.5 3.9k ohm 15k ohm

UL Recognized Components

The coin-type lithium manganese dioxide battery is a UL (Underwriters Laboratories Inc.) recognized component, and user replaceable. Recognized models: CR2450, CR2430, CR2032, CR2032H,CR2025, CR2016, CR2012, CR1620, CR1616, CR1220, CR1216, CR1025 Certification Number: MH12568

Temperature : 20 deg. C

3.0

Voltage (V)

2.0

2.0

1k ohm

1.5 0 50 100 150 200 250

Discharge capacity (mAh)

Applications

b OA Machines (Fax, Copiers, Printers) b Notebook PCs b PDAs b Electronic Dictionaries b Camcorders b Digital Still Cameras b Portable CD/MD Players b Watches b Electronic Meters (Water, Gas, Electricity) b Keyless Entry Systems b Remote Controllers b FA Instruments (Measuring Instruments, Onboard Microcomputers, Sensors) b Desktop PCs b Calculators b Film Cameras b Medical Instruments, Cash Registers b Portable Game Devices

6

CR

CR2450

3.5 3.0

Voltage (V)

Coin Type Lithium Manganese Dioxide Battery

(610mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k

3.5 45 deg. C 3.0

Voltage (V)

20 deg. C

2.5

2.5

­10 deg. C 0 deg. C

2.0 15k 1.5 1 10 102 103

Discharge duration time (h)

2.0 56k 150k 104 300k 105 1.5 0 1000 2000

Discharge duration time (h)

3000

4000

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

3.5 1M 300 2.5

1M

3.0

Voltage (V)

continuous 5 sec.

Discharge capacity (mAh)

600 45 deg. C 500 20 deg. C 400 ­20 deg. C ­10 deg. C 300 101 102 103 Discharge current ( A)

2.0

300 5 sec.

1.5 0 100 200 300 400 500 600

Discharge capacity (mAh)

CR2430

3.5

(290mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k

3.5 45 deg. C 20 deg. C

3.0

Voltage (V) Voltage (V)

3.0

2.5

2.5

0 deg. C ­10 deg. C

2.0 15k 1.5 1 10 102 103

Discharge duration time (h)

2.0 56k 150k 104 300k 105 1.5 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600

Discharge duration time (h)

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

350 45 deg. C

3.5

3.0

Voltage (V)

1M 300

1M

continuous

Discharge capacity (mAh)

300 20 deg. C 250 ­10 deg. C ­20 deg. C

2.5

5 sec.

2.0

300 5 sec.

200

1.5 0 50 100 150 200 250 300

Discharge capacity (mAh)

150 101

102 103 Discharge current ( A)

7

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE BATTERY

CR2032H

(240mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k

3.5

3.5 20 deg. C 60 deg. C

3.0

Voltage (V) Voltage (V)

3.0 0 deg. C ­10 deg. C

2.5

2.5

2.0 15k 1.5 101 102 103

Discharge duration time (h)

2.0

150k 104 300k 1M 105

1.5

0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

Discharge duration time (h)

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

250 45 deg. C

3.5 1M 300 2.5

1M

3.0

Voltage (V)

continuous

Discharge capacity (mAh)

200

­10 deg. C

20 deg. C

5 sec.

­20 deg. C 150

2.0

300 5 sec.

1.5 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260

Discharge capacity (mAh)

100 101

102 103 Discharge current ( A)

CR2032

3.5

(220mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k

3.5 60 deg. C 20 deg. C

3.0

Voltage (V) Voltage (V)

3.0 0 deg. C ­10 deg. C ­10 deg. C 2.0 20 deg. C 60 deg. C 0 deg. C

2.5

2.5

2.0 15k k 15 1.5 101

150k k 3001M 150300k k

1.5 102 103 104 Discharge duration time (h) 105

0

200

400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

Discharge duration time (h)

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

250 45 deg. C

3.5

1M continuous

3.0

Voltage (V)

300 5sec

Discharge capacity (mAh)

200

20 deg. C

2.5

1M

150

2.0

300 5 sec.

­20 deg. C ­10 deg. C

1.5 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240

Discharge capacity (mAh)

100 101

102 103 Discharge current ( A)

104

8

CR

CR2025

3.5 3.0

Voltage (V)

Coin Type Lithium Manganese Dioxide Battery

(170mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k

3.5 60 deg. C 3.0

Voltage (V)

20 deg. C 0 deg. C ­10 deg. C

2.5

2.5

2.0 15k 1.5 101 102 103

Discharge duration time (h)

2.0

150k 104 300k 1M 105

1.5

0

200

400

600

800

1000

Discharge duration time (h)

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

200 45 deg. C

3.5 1M 300 2.5

1M

3.0

Voltage (V)

continuous

Discharge capacity (mAh)

20 deg. C 150 ­10 deg. C

5 sec.

100

­20 deg. C

2.0

300 5 sec.

1.5 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180

Discharge capacity (mAh)

50 1 10

102 103 Discharge current ( A)

CR2016

3.5

(90mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k

3.5 45 deg. C 20 deg. C

3.0

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

3.0

2.5

2.5

0 deg. C

­10 deg. C

2.0

39k

390k

1M 2.7M

2.0

1.5 101

1.5 102 103 104 Discharge duration time (h) 105

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

500

Discharge duration time (h)

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

100 45 deg. C 20 deg. C

3.5 1M continuous

3.0

Voltage (V)

Discharge capacity (mAh)

80 ­10 deg. C ­20 deg. C 60

2.5

1M

300

5 sec.

2.0

300 5 sec.

1.5 0 20 40 60 80

Discharge capacity (mAh)

40 101

102 103 Discharge current ( A)

9

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE BATTERY

CR2012

3.5

(50mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k

3.5 45 deg. C 20 deg. C

3.0

Voltage (V) Voltage (V)

3.0

2.5

2.5

­10 deg. C

0 deg. C

2.0

56k

560k 1.8M 3.9M

2.0

1.5 101

1.5 102 103 104 Discharge duration time (h) 105

0

100

200

300

Discharge duration time (h)

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

60 45 deg. C 20 deg. C 40 ­10 deg. C 20 ­20 deg. C

3.5 1M 3.0

Voltage (V)

continuous

2.5

1M

300

5 sec.

2.0

300 5 sec.

Discharge capacity (mAh)

1.5 0 10 20 30 40 50 60

Discharge capacity (mAh)

0 101

102 Discharge current ( A)

103

CR1620

3.5

(80mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 30 k

3.5 60 deg. C 20 deg. C

3.0

Voltage (V) Voltage (V)

3.0

2.5

2.5

­10 deg. C

0 deg. C

2.0 30k 1.5 1 10 102 103

Discharge duration time (h)

2.0 300k 104 1M 3M 105 1.5 0 200 400 600 800 1000

Discharge duration time (h)

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

90 45 deg. C

3.5

Discharge capacity (mAh)

3.0

Voltage (V)

1M

continuous

80 70 60 50 ­20 deg. C 40 30 ­10 deg. C

20 deg. C

2.5

1M

300

5 sec.

2.0

300 5 sec.

1.5 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Discharge capacity (mAh)

101

102 Discharge current ( A)

103

10

CR

CR1616

3.5 3.0

Coin Type Lithium Manganese Dioxide Battery

(55mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 30 k

3.5 45 deg. C 20 deg. C 3.0

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

2.5

2.5

0 deg. C

­10 deg. C

2.0

56k

560k 1.5M 3.9M

2.0

1.5 101

1.5 102 103 104 Discharge duration time (h) 105

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

Discharge duration time (h)

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

80

3.5

Discharge capacity (mAh)

1M 3.0

continuous

45 deg. C 60 20 deg. C

Voltage (V)

2.5

1M

300

5 sec.

40 ­20 deg. C 20 ­10 deg. C

2.0

300 5 sec.

1.5 0 10 20 30 40 50 60

Discharge capacity (mAh)

0 1 10

102 Discharge current ( A)

103

CR1220

3.5

(36mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 30 k

4.0 45 deg. C 20 deg. C

3.0

Voltage (V) Voltage (V)

3.0 0 deg. C ­10 deg. C 2.0

2.5

2.0

82k

820k

2.2M

5.6M

1.0

1.5 101

102

103 104 Discharge duration time (h)

105

0

100

200

300

400

Discharge duration time (h)

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

40 45 deg. C 20 deg. C 30 ­20 deg. C 20 ­10 deg. C

3.5 1M 3.0

Voltage (V)

continuous

2.5

1M

300

5 sec.

2.0

300 5 sec.

1.5 0 10 20

Discharge capacity (mAh)

Discharge capacity (mAh)

30

40

10 1 10

102 Discharge current ( A)

103

11

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE BATTERY

CR1216

(25mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 30 k

3.5

3.5 45 deg. C 20 deg. C

3.0

Voltage (V) Voltage (V)

3.0

2.5

2.5

0 deg. C

­10 deg. C

2.0

120k

1.2M

3.6M

2.0

1.5 101

1.5 102 103 104 Discharge duration time (h) 105

0

100

200

300

Discharge duration time (h)

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

45 deg. C

3.5

Discharge capacity (mAh)

3.0

Voltage (V)

1M

continuous

30

20 deg. C

2.5

1M

20 ­10 deg. C 10 ­20 deg. C

300

5 sec.

2.0

300 5 sec.

1.5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30

Discharge capacity (mAh)

0 1 10

102 Discharge current ( A)

103

CR1025

3.5

(30mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 18 k

3.5 45 deg. C 20 deg. C

3.0

Voltage (V) Voltage (V)

3.0

2.5

2.5

10 deg. C

2.0

100k

1M

2.2M

6.8M

2.0

­10 deg. C

1.5 101

1.5 102 103

Discharge duration time (h)

104

105

0

100

Duration (h)

200

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V

40 45 deg. C 30

3.5

Discharge capacity (mAh)

3.0

Voltage (V)

1M

continuous

20 deg. C

2.5 600

1M

20 10 deg. C ­10 deg. C 10

5 sec.

2.0

600 5 sec.

1.5 0 10 20 30

Discharge capacity (mAh)

0 1 10

102 Discharge current ( A)

103

12

CR

CR2450 T25S

25 1.3 4 (­) 17.8 (+) 0.75 0.2

Coin Type Lithium Manganese Dioxide Battery with Terminals and Wire Connectors

CR2032 T6

0.75

External Dimensions (unit : mm)

CR2032 T6LES

Insulation sleeve

10.16

CR2032 T14

4.5

ø24.5

0.75 3 4 10.16

ø20

4.0 10.6

ø20

ø20

4.1

20.3 4 4.8 20.6

5.1

4

4 4.1 0.2 4.5

21 4.8

4

4

4.5

4.5

4

4

4.5

(­) 20.5

(+)

4

(­) 0.75 20.5

(+) 0.2 1.8 4

4 4.5

(­) 15.24

0.2 0.75 1.8

(+) 0.2

Actual appearance

Actual appearance

CR2032 T15

Insulation sleeve

CR2032 T16

Insulation sleeve

4.5 0.75

CR2032 T19

CR2032 T23

5.5 0.75 4.5

ø20

ø20

ø20

ø20

4

4

3 21

4 21 4 4.1 6.5 4 20.5 1.3 4 5.5 5 20.5

4.8

5

4.5

4.5

(­) 15.2

(+) 0.2

(­) 20

0.75

(+) 0.2

(­) 16

0.75

(+) 0.2 1.5 4

(­) 0.2 18.5

(+) 0.2

4

4

CR2032 T25

4.5 0.75

CR2032 T5

Insulation sleeve

1.8

CR2032 T20

Insulation sleeve

CR2032 T33

1.5

(­) 3.0

7.45

ø20

0.75

(+)

10.16

ø20

10.16

ø20

5.0

6.5 4.0 0.75 4.0 4.0 (­) 1.3 4.0 (+) 8.5 4.0

ø20

(+)

(­) 3.0

5

7

20.3

(­) 4.2 (+) 5

4

(­)

(+)

4

0.75 4 17.8

0.2

Actual appearance

13

10.16

3

L I T H I U M MANGANESE DIOXIDE BATTERY

External Dimensions (unit : mm)

CR2032 T7

Insulation sleeve

ø20 ø20

CR2032 T17

Insulation sleeve

CR2032 T26

ø20

CR2032 T34

(+) 0.2 7.5 4.5 4 (+) (­) 3.7 0.2 21 0.75 10.16 5 3.5 1.5 1.8 0.75 4 1.5 0.75 5 65 (­) 3 2

4.5

4

(­) 4 6

(+) 0.75

(+) 1.8 4 10.5

(­)

4

(+) 0.2

(­) 0.2 3.7

0.2 3.7

0.75 4

4

Actual appearance

CR2032 WK11

34

CR2032 WK12

Insulation sleeve

34

CR2032 WK13

Insulation sleeve

34

CR2032 WK14

Insulation sleeve Insulation sleeve

20.2 22

70

180

20.2

(+) (­) (+) (­) Adhesive tape (­) (+) Lead wire

(+) (­)

20.2

20.2

(+) (­)

35

(+)

4.5 4.5

(+) (­) Adhesive tape (­) (+)

12 4.9

4.5

(­)

Adhesive tape (­) (+) Lead wire

12

(+) (­) Lead wire

12

12

12

Lead wire DF13-2S-1.25C (Hirose) DF13-2630SCF (Hirose) AWG28 Housing: Contact: Wire: DF3-4S-2C (Hirose) DF3-2428SCF (Hirose) AWG26

12

Housing: Contact: Wire:

DF13-2S-1.25C (Hirose) DF13-2630SCF (Hirose) AWG28

Housing: Contact: Wire:

DF13-2S-1.25C (Hirose) DF13-2630SCF (Hirose) AWG28

Housing: Contact: Wire:

CR2032 WK15

34

CR1616 T

Insulation sleeve

CR1220 T4

Insulation sleeve

ø12.5

ø16

(+) (­)

60

20.2

1.8

ø1.5 (+) (­) 4

(+) (­) Adhesive tape (­) (+)

12 0.2 4.5

(+) 3 2.3 3.5 (+) 0.75 3.25 4 (­) 1.5

(­)

12

(+) (­)

0.2

13

11.5

2.7

0.2 2.5

Lead wire DF13-2S-1.25C (Hirose) DF13-2630SCF (Hirose) AWG28

10

Housing: Contact: Wire:

: Tin plating : Horizontal & Through hole Type : Horizontal & Surface mounting Type : Vertical & Through hole Type : Wire connector Type

14

10.2

ø20

3.7

Insulation sleeve

(­) (­) (+) (+)

CR

Overview

Heat Resistant Coin Type Lithium Manganese Dioxide Battery

Maxell's original sealing technology and highly heat-resistant material expands operating temperature range remarkably, making the batteries supremely suitable for automobile applications -- for powering TPMS (Tire Pressure Monitoring System) sensors, for example.

Products

Model Nominal Voltage (V) Nominal Capacity (mAh)** Nominal Discharge Current (mA) Operating Temperature Range (deg. C) Acceleration Resistance Dimensions*

Diameter (mm) Height (mm)

Fig. 2 Storage Characteristics under High Temperature/Humidity

CR2450HR CR2450HR-Ex 3 3 550 525 0.2 0.2 ­40 to +125 ­40 to +125 (max.150) Max. 2000G*** 24.5 5.0 6.8

1400

Calculated DC resistance (%) (Compared to pre-storage)

1200 1000 Other CR 800 600 Heat resistant CR (HR) 400 200 Heat resistant CR (HR-Ex) 0 0 50 100 150 200 Storage time (days, at 60 deg. C/90%)

Weight (g)*

* Dimensions and weight are for the battery itself, but may vary depending on terminal specifications and other factors. ** Nominal capacity indicates duration until the voltage drops down to 2.0V when discharged at a nominal discharge current at 20 deg. C. *** Equivalent to acceleration when driving at 300km/h, when attached to a 17-inch wheel · Data and dimensions are just reference values. For further details, please contact your nearest Maxell dealer or distributor.

Very little deterioration in internal resistance due to high humidity (60 deg. C/90%RH), compared to other CR batteries.

Fig. 3 High Rate Discharge Characteristics

3.5 3.0 CR2450HR 20 deg. C

Features

íWide operating temperature range: -40 deg. C to +125 deg. C CR2450HR-Ex batteries can even be used at temperatures up to 150 deg. C, depending on other conditions*. íSuperior leak-resistant characteristics even under high temperature and acceleration. íCan be used even under 2000G, which is equivalent to driving at 300km/h. íElectric characteristics are maintained after long periods of exposure to high temperature and humidity.

*When using CR2450HR and/or CR2450HR-Ex at temperatures exceeding 85 deg. C, please consult Maxell in advance for conditions of use.

Voltage (V)

2.5 2.0

1k 3.9k 15k

1.5 1.0 0.5 0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Discharge duration time (h) 3000 3500

External Dimensions (unit : mm)

CR2450HR T43

(5.0)

Negative Electrode (Lithium) Separator Gasket

25 3.5 3.5 10.6

24.5

2.8 2-C0.5

Construction

1.8

20.5

(0.2)

: Tin plating : Horizontal & Through hole Type

Positive Electrode (MnO2)

Fig. 1 Storage Characteristics under High Temperatures

120

Applications

b TPMS (Tire-Pressure Monitoring System) b ETC (Electronic Toll Collection System) b Set-Top Boxes b OA Machines (Fax, Copiers, Printers) b Notebook PCs b Desktop PCs b Medical Instruments, Cash Registers b FA Instruments (Measuring Instruments, Onboard Microcomputers, Sensors) b Electronic Meters (Water, Gas, Electricity)

Capacity retention ratio (%)

100 Heat resistant CR (HR, HR-Ex) 80 60 Other CR 40 20 0 0 50 100 150 Storage time (days, at 80 deg. C) 200

Very little deterioration in capacity due to high storage temperature of 80 deg. C, compared to other CR batteries.

15

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE BATTERY

CR2450HR

3.5

(550mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

3.5 3.0 Discharge load: 15 k 80 deg. C 2.5 Voltage (V) 2.0 1.5 1.0 100 deg. C ­10 deg. C 60 deg. C 20 deg. C

3.0 Voltage (V)

2.5

2.0

3.9k

15k

150k

300k

0.5 1.5 1 101 102 103 Discharge duration time (h) 104 105 0.0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 Discharge duration time (h)

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C 3.5 3.3 3.1 2.9 Voltage (V) 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.5 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 Discharge capacity (mAh)

300 5 sec 1M

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

Final voltage: 2.0V 600 Discharge capacity (mAh) 60 deg. C/80 deg. C

1M

continuous

500 400 300 200 100 0 0.1 1 Discharge current (mA) ­10 deg. C

100 deg. C

20 deg. C

300

5 sec

10

CR2450HR-Ex

3.5

(525mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k 3.5 3.0 20 deg. C ­10 deg. C 100 deg. C 60 deg. C 80 deg. C

3.0 Voltage (V) Voltage (V)

3.9k 15k 150k 300k

2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 1 101 102 103 104 105 Discharge duration time (h) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Discharge duration time (h)

2.5

2.0

1.5

3000

3500

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

3.5 3.3 3.1 2.9 Voltage (V) 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.7 1.5 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 Discharge capacity (mAh)

300 5sec 1M

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Discharge Capacity

600 Discharge capacity (mAh) 500 400 300 200 100 0 0.1 Final voltage: 2.0V

Temperature: 20 deg. C

80 deg. C

1M

continuous

60 deg. C 100 deg. C 20 deg. C ­10 deg. C

300

5sec

1 Discharge current (mA)

10

16

CR

Overview

Cylindrical Lithium Manganese Dioxide Battery

The cylindrical lithium manganese dioxide battery (CR battery) features high capacity and excellent load characteristics due to Maxell's unique winding method and improved electrical-conductivity structures. Because of its high-reliability, this battery is ideal for industrial use in, for example, security equipment and the power source of electronic meters.

Products

Model Nominal Voltage (V) Nominal Capacity (mAh)** Nominal Discharge Current (mA) Operating Temperature Range (deg. C) Dimensions*

Diameter (mm) X Height (mm)

Construction

CR17450 3 2600 5 ­40 to +85 17 X 45 22 CR17335 3 1750 5 ­40 to +85 17 X 33.5 16

Negative Electrode (Lithium) Separator Collector Positive Electrode (MnO2) Negative Can Gasket Laser Seal Positive Terminal Gas Release Vent Collector (Copper Foil)

Weight (g)*

* Dimensions and weight are for the battery itself, but may vary depending on terminal specifications and other factors. ** Nominal capacity indicates duration until the voltage drops down to 2.0V when discharged at a nominal discharge current at 20 deg. C.

Features

íHigh capacity batteries Maxell's unique winding method and effective utilization of positive and negative electrodes realize high capacity. íLow self-discharge rate and long battery life A laser seal structure ensures air tightness. Minimized electrode surface areas reduce the self-discharge rate. íSuperior storage characteristics The optimization of positive materials and employment of a high-reliability sealing structure stabilize pulse discharge characteristics over a wide usable temperature range after long-time storage or discharge.

Principle and Reactions

The cylindrical lithium manganese dioxide battery uses manganese dioxide (MnO2) as its positive active material, and lithium (Li) as its negative active material. íBattery Reactions Positive reaction: MnO2 Negative reaction: Li Total reaction: MnO2 Li Li + e­ MnOOLi + Li e­ MnOOLi

Applications

b Security Devices b Home Fire/Smoke Alarms b Electronic Meters (Water, Gas, Electricity) b Memory Backup Power

External Dimensions (unit : mm)

CR17450 VO-T3

0.75 4.5 4

CR17450 WK 41

(-) (+) 4

CR17335 VO-T3

4.5 4 0.75

CR17335 WK 11

(-) (+)

4

0.3

Insulation sleeve 0.3 Insulation sleeve 48±2 36.5

0.3

( 33.5 )

( 45 )

50

0.3

50 0.75 ø17

0.75

4.5 4

ø17

4.5 Housing : PHR-2(JST) Contact : SPH-002T-P0.5S(JST) Lead Wire : AWG26 4

4

4

Housing : PHR-2(JST) Contact : SPH-002T-P0.5S(JST) Lead Wire : AWG26

: Tin plating

: Horizontal & Through hole Type

: Wire connector Type

17

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE BATTERY

CR17450

3.4 3.2 3.0

Voltage (V)

(2600mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Continuous discharge at 40mA

3.4 3.2

5mA

Voltage (V)

3.0 2.8

20 deg. C

50 deg. C

2.8 40mA 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000

Discharge capacity (mAh)

2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000

Discharge capacity (mAh) ­10 deg. C 0 deg. C

100mA 300mA 200mA

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Minimum voltage for 0.1 second of 300 mA pulse discharge

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge current: 5mA, Discharge temperature.: 20 deg.C

3.4 3.2 3.0

Voltage (V) Initial batteries

3.4 3.2 3.0

Voltage (V)

Temperature: 20 deg. C

2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0 0 20 40 60 80 Storage period 0 year 5 equivalent years* 10 equivalent years**

2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0 0 500

Batteries stored for 4 equivalent years* Batteries stored for 10 equivalent years**

Depth of discharge (%) 2600 mAh: 100% *After storage for 28 days at 80 deg. C **After storage for 57 days at 80 deg. C

1000 1500 2000 Discharge capacity (mAh)

2500

3000

*After storage for 22 days at 80 deg. C, **After storage for 57 day's at 80 deg. C

CR17335

3.4 3.2 3.0

Voltage (V)

(1750mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Continuous discharge at 30mA

3.4 3.2

5mA

Voltage (V)

3.0 2.8 2.6 2.4

20 deg. C

2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0 0 500 1000 1500 Discharge capacity (mAh) 2000 200mA 100mA 30mA

2.2 2.0 0 ­10 deg. C 500

0 deg. C 1000 1500 Discharge capacity (mAh) 2000

í Pulse Discharge Characteristics

Minimum voltage for 0.1 second of 30 mA pulse discharge

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge current: 5mA, Discharge temperature.: 20 deg. C

3.4 3.2 3.0

Voltage (V) Initial

3.4 Temperature: 20 deg. C 3.3 3.2

Voltage (V)

3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.7 0 20 40

Depth of discharge (%)

2.8 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0 0 500 1000 1500 Discharge capacity (mAh) 2000

Batteries stored for 10 equivalent years*

Storage period 0 year 5 equivalent years* 10 equivalent years** 60 80

1750 mAh: 100%

*After storage for 28 days at 80 deg. C

**After storage for 57 days at 80 deg. C

*After storage for 57 days at 80 deg. C

18

ER

Lithium Thionyl Chloride Battery (Li/SOCI2)

With Terminals and Wire Connectors (ER18/50 / ER17/50 / ER6 / ER6C / ER17/33 / ER3 / ER3S)

LITHIUM THIONYL CHLORIDE BATTERY

19

Safety Instructions

This battery is a high energy density sealed battery containing dangerous (Lithium) and deleterious (Thionyl Chloride) materials. For this reason, improper handling of the battery could lead to distortion, leakage*, overheating, explosion, fire, or generation of irritating/corrosive gases, causing bodily injury or equipment trouble. Please observe the following instructions to prevent accidents. For from your customers to your industrial waste processors (including recycled processor), please have them fully understand these instructions. (* Leakage is defined as the unintentional escape of a liquid from a battery.)

Warnings

Handling

Do not recharge íNever swallow. Always keep the battery out of the reach of infants and young children to prevent it from being swallowed. If swallowed, consult a physician immediately. íNever apply an excessive force to the positive terminal. Because the positive terminal is sealed by a glass, subjecting this area to sudden jolts and excessive force (over 19.6 N) could destroy the glass seal. This could cause leakage and the generation of irritating/corrosive gases. íNever drop. Dropping the battery could destroy the glass seal leading to leakage and the generation of irritating/corrosive gases. íNever weld the terminals or weld a wire to the body of the battery directly. The heat of welding or soldering could cause the lithium to melt, or cause damage to the insulating material in the battery, leading to possible distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire, or generation of irritating/corrosive gases. When soldering the battery directly to equipment, solder only the tabs or leads. Even then, the temperature of the soldering iron must be below 350 deg. C and the soldering time less than 5 seconds. Do not use a soldering bath, because the circuit board with battery attached could stop moving or the battery could drop into the bath. Moreover do not use excessive solder, because the solder could flow to unwanted portions of the board, leading to a short-circuit or charging of the battery. íNever short-circuit the battery. Do not allow the positive and negative terminals to short-circuit. Never carry or store the battery with metal objects such as a necklace or a hairpin. Do not take multiple batteries out of the package and pile or mix them when storing. Otherwise, this could lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, and explosion of the battery. íNever charge. The battery is not designed to be charged by any other electrical source. Charging could generate gas and internal short-circuiting, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, fire, or generation of irritating/corrosive gases. íNever forcibly discharge. Forcibly discharging by an external power source or other batteries could cause the voltage to fall below 0V (reversing the poles), generating gas inside the battery and leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, fire, or generation of irritating/corrosive gases. íNever heat. Heating the battery to more than 100 deg. C could increase the internal pressure, causing distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, fire, or generation of irritating/corrosive gases. íNever expose to open flames. Exposing to flames could cause the lithium metal to melt, causing the battery to catch on fire and explode. íNever disassemble the battery. Disassembly could generate the irritating/corrosive gases. In addition, the lithium metal inside the battery could overheat, leading to catch on fire.

íNever deform. Deforming could cause leakage, overheating, explosion, fire, or generation of irritating/corrosive gases. íNever reverse the positive and negative terminals when mounting. Improper mounting of the battery could lead to short-circuiting, charging or forced-discharging. This could cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, fire, or generation of irritating/corrosive gases. íNever use different batteries together. Using different batteries together, i.e. different type or used and new or different manufacturer could cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, fire, or generation of irritating/corrosive gases because of the differences in battery property. If using two or more batteries connected in series or in parallel even same batteries, please consult with Maxell before using. íNever allow liquid leaking from the battery to get in your eyes or mouth. Because this liquid could cause serious damage, if it does come in contact with your eyes, flush them immediately with plenty of water and consult a physician. Likewise, If the liquid gets in your mouth, rinse immediately with plenty of water and consult a physician. íNever touch the battery electrodes. Do not allow the battery electrodes to come in contact with your skin or fingers. Otherwise, the moisture from your skin could cause a discharge of the battery, which could produce certain chemical substances causing you to receive a chemical burns.

Warnings

Circuit Design for Back-up Use

This is a primary battery and cannot be charged. If used in memory or RTC back-up applications, be sure to use diodes to prevent charging from the main power source or other batteries, and a protective resistor to regulate the current as shown in the figure below. Note that the points described below should be taken into careful consideration when selecting diodes and protective resistors.

Diode +5V Load +5V

Diode Load Diode

Diode Diode Protective resistor Protective resistor Battery

Battery

Example (A)

Example (B)

íSupplied voltage to load Because a diode and a resistor generate the voltage drop on operating, please take into consideration these voltage drops for supplied voltage to load. íUsing diodes to prevent charging Please choose diodes with leak current of no more than 0.5A.

20

ER

Lithium Thionyl Chloride Battery

íUsing and setting protective resistors A protective resistor is used to Maximum Current Type prevent the battery from being 125A ER18/50 charged by large surges of current 125A ER17/50 during diode failure. Please set 100A ER6 the resistor so that the maximum 100A ER6C current shown in the right table is 70A ER17/33 not exceeded. For example, say 50A ER3 an ER6 battery is used in sample 40A ER3S circuit A in combination with a main power source 5 volt. Since the permitted charge current is 100A and this battery's voltage is 3.6V, let the resistor be R> = (5V-3.6V)/100A=14k ohm, meaning that at least 14k ohm is required. Note: If the diodes broke down, it is necessary for safety to replace them as soon as possible even though using a protective resistor. Considering the trouble of diodes and resistors, other safety measures should be incorporated in the circuit design.

íStorage Avoiding storing the battery in direct sunlight, or in excessively hot and humid locations, and store it out of the way of rainwater and other adverse environmental elements. íBundling When bundling the battery with a product, be sure to use cushioning and other packing to protect the battery (and especially the positive terminal) from jolts and shocks during transportation.

Warnings

Disposal

The battery may be regulated by national or local regulation. Please follow the instructions of proper regulation. As electric capacity is left in a discarded battery and it comes into contact with other metals, it could lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion, so make sure to cover the (+) and (-) terminals with friction tape or some other insulator before disposal.

Tape

+

­ Tape (Example of battery insulation)

Caution

Handling

íMinimum transient voltage The various tests have shown that the minimum transient voltage is influenced greatly by the actual conditions of use and storage Therefore, please design your circuits using no more than the standard discharge current, taking into account the voltage drop due to the minimum transient voltage. Please consult with Maxell beforehand if you are unsure of anything. íInstalling, removing, and disposing of batteries 1) When installing a battery in a device, make sure that the positive terminal is facing up, or at least to the side. As this battery uses liquid thionyl chloride as the positive active material, placing the positive terminal at the bottom will cause the thionyl chloride to become maldistributed, which could prevent the needed performance from being obtained when a large amount of current is used. 2) Please have the installation, removal, and disposal of this battery performed by a technician with a thorough understanding of the Warnings and Cautions on handling.

21

LITHIUM THIONYL CHLORIDE BATTERY

The ER battery is for industrial use only. When replacement is necessary, please contact the manufacturer of your equipment.

Overview

This battery is ideal for such long-term applications as power for electronic devices and electric power, water, and gas meters, and especially as a backup power source for memory ICs.

Products

Model Nominal Voltage (V) Nominal Capacity (mAh)** Nominal Discharge Current (A) Operating Temperature Range (deg. C) Dimensions* Weight (g)* Diameter (mm) Height (mm)

ER18/50 3.6 3,650 125 ER17/50 3.6 2,750 125 ER6 3.6 2,000 100 ER6C 3.6 1,800 100 ER17/33 3.6 1,600 75 ER3 3.6 1,100 40 ER3S 3.6 790 35

­55 to +85

18 52.6 22

­55 to +85

17 52.6 20

­55 to +85

14.5 53.5 15

­55 to +85

14.5 51 15

­55 to +85

17.0 35 13

­55 to +85

14.5 29.9 8

­55 to +85

14.5 26 7

* Dimensions and weight are for the battery itself, but may vary depending on terminal specifications and other factors. ** Nominal capacity indicates duration until the voltage drops down to 3.0V when discharged at a nominal discharge current at 20 deg. C. · Data and dimensions are just reference values. For further details, please contact your nearest Maxell dealer or distributor.

Construction

(+)

Principle and Reactions

Resin Seal Melt Seal

Positive Terminal Metal Lid

The lithium thionyl chloride battery uses liquid thionyl chloride (SOCl2) as its positive active material, and lithium (Li) as its negative active material. The reactions of the battery are shown below.

Glass Seal Metal Can Negative Electrode Separator Positive Electrode Bottom Insulator Negative Terminal

(­)

Top Lid

íBattery Reactions

Positive Collector

Positive reaction: 2SOCl2+4Li +4e Negative reaction: Li Li +e

+ -

+

-

4LiCl+S+SO2

Total reaction: 2SOCl2+4Li 4LiCl+S+SO2

Features

íHigh 3.6-V voltage The lithium thionyl chloride battery achieves a high voltage of 3.6 V. íFlat discharge characteristics The change of internal resistance during discharge is minimal, allowing for flat discharge voltage until end of discharge life. íHigh energy density Provides high energy density of 970m Wh/cm3 with discharge current of 100A (ER6 type). íWide usable temperature range Can be used over a wide temperature range : - 55 deg. C to +85 deg. C (please consult with Maxell if using in temperatures of -40 deg. C or less). íSuperior long-term reliability The extremely low self-discharge, together with the use of a hermetic seal, allows for stable use over long periods.

22

ER

Lithium Thionyl Chloride Battery

Minimum transient voltage

The lithium thionyl chloride battery has remarkably lower self-discharge when compared with conventional batteries. This is because a lithium chloride membrane is formed over the negative lithium surface, blocking reaction with the positive material. When first discharging after storage, resistance from this lithium chloride membrane may temporarily reduce the voltage at the initiation of discharge. The lowest voltage at this time is called minimum transient voltage, and the lower the temperature, and the larger the discharge current, the lower the voltage will be. Because minimum transient voltage is greatly influenced by storage time and conditions, it is necessary to take this into sufficient consideration when designing a device.

ER6

4

Open Circuit Initial Usage Voltage Voltage

Minimum Transient Voltage (V)

3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0

Minimum Transient Voltage Time Time

20 deg C ­10 deg C ­40 deg C After 3 months at 20 deg. C

103

Discharge load (ohm)

104

The figure above shows minimum transient voltage using a fresh battery.

Relationship between Discharge Load and Operating Voltage

The operating voltage of a battery falls as the discharge load increases and temperature falls. In the case of initial use, an electric potential of at least 3 V will be maintained even at temperatures of -40 deg. C at discharge of less than 1 mA. ER6

4 3.5 3

Storage Characteristics

The lithium thionyl chloride battery is made from chemically stable inorganic materials. Additionally, a sealing method employing a laser-welded seal structure and hermetic seal hinders the admittance of outside air. These features provide superior storage characteristics, holding down self-discharge to no more than 1% of capacity per year at normal temperatures.

4

After stored for 200 days at 60 deg. C (equivalent to storage for 10 years at 20 deg. C) ER6

Operating Voltage (V)

2.5 3

Voltage (V)

2 1.5 1 0.5 0

20 deg C ­10 deg C ­40 deg C After 3 months at 20 deg. C

103

2

Initial

1

Temp:20 deg.C discharge current: 100 A

Discharge load (ohm)

104

0

0

25

50

75

100

Discharge capacity (%)

UL Recognized Components

The lithium thionyl chloride battery is a UL (Underwriters Laboratories Inc.) recognized component. (Technician Replaceable) Recognized models: ER18/50, ER17/50, ER6, ER6C, ER17/33, ER3, ER3S Certification Number: MH12568

Applications

b OA Machines (Fax, Copiers, Printers) b Desktop PCs b PDAs b Medical Instruments, Cash Registers b FA Instruments (Measuring Instruments, Onboard Microcomputers, Sensors) b Electronic Meters (Water, Gas, Electricity) b ETC (Electronic Toll Collection System)

23

LITHIUM THIONYL CHLORIDE BATTERY

ER18/50

4.0 3.5

(3650mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Duration Time

1,000,000

Voltage (V)

3.0

Discharge duration time (h)

2.5 2.0 1.2mA 1.5 10 102 103 104 Discharge duration time (h) 120 A 24 A 105 106

100,000 70,000 50,000

Year 10

7 5 4 3 2 1 0.5

20 deg. C

20,000 10,000 7,000 5,000 2,000

60 deg. C

Temperature: ­40 deg. C 4.0

Voltage (V)

3.0

1,000 10

2.0 1.2mA 10 102 103 104 120 A 24 A 105 106

20

30

50 70 100

200 300

500

1000

Discharge current ( A)

Discharge duration time (h) Temperature: 60 deg. C 4.0 3.5

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge current: 1.2mA Temperature: 20 deg. C 4.0

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

3.0

After stored for 200 days at 60 deg. C*

3.0 2.5 2.0 1.2mA 10 102 103 104 Discharge duration time (h) 20 A 105 106

2.0 Initial 1.0

(*Equivalent to storage at 20 deg. C for 10 years)

0

0

1000

2000

Discharge duration time (h)

3000

4000

ER17/50

4.0

(2750mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Duration Time

200,000

Voltage (V)

100,000

3.0

Year

10 7 5 4

70,000

Discharge duration time (h)

50,000

2.0 1.2mA 10 102 103 104 120 A 24 A 105 106

20 deg. C 20,000 60 deg. C 10,000

3 2

Discharge duration time (h) Temperature: ­40 deg. C 4.0

1

7,000 5,000

0.5

Voltage (V)

3.0

2,000 20

2.0 1.2mA 10 102 103 104 120 A 24 A 105 106

30

50

70

100

200

300

500

Discharge current ( A)

Discharge duration time (h) Temperature: 60 deg. C 4.0

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge current: 1.2mA Temperature: 20 deg. C 4.0

Voltage (V)

3.0 Initial 2.0 After stored for 200 days at 60 deg. C*

Voltage (V)

3.0

2.0 1.2mA 10 102 1 20 A 105 106

1.0

(*Equivalent to storage at 20 deg. C for 10 years)

103 104 Discharge duration time (h)

0

0

1000

2000

3000

Discharge duration time (h)

24

ER

ER6

4.0

Lithium Thionyl Chloride Battery

(2000mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Duration Time

100,000 70,000

10 7 Year 5 4 3

Voltage (V)

3.0

50,000

Discharge duration time (h)

2.0 1mA 1 10 102 103 100A 104 20A 105

20,000

20 deg. C 60 deg. C

10,000 7,000 5,000

2 1

Discharge duration time (h)

0.5

Temperature: ­40 deg. C 4.0

2,000

Voltage (V)

3.0

1,000 20

2.0 1mA 1 10 102 103 100A 104 20A 105

30

50

70

100

200

300

500

Discharge current (A)

Discharge duration time (h)

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge current: 1mA Temperature: 20 deg. C

Temperature: 60 deg. C 4.0

4.0

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

3.0 2.0 1.0

After stored for 200 days at 60 deg. C* Initial

3.0

2.0 1mA 1 10 102 103 100A 104 105

(*Equivalent to storage at 20 deg. C for 10 years)

0

Discharge duration time (h)

0

800

1600

2400

Discharge duration time (h)

ER6C

4.0

(1800mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Duration Time

100,000 70,000

Year

Voltage (V)

10 7 5 4 3

3.0

50,000

Discharge duration time (h)

20,000 20 deg. C 60 deg. C 10,000 7,000 5,000

0.5 1 2

2.0 1mA 1 10 102 103 Discharge duration time (h) 100 A 104 20 A 105

Temperature: ­40 deg. C 4.0

Voltage (V)

2,000

3.0

1,000 20

2.0 1mA 1 10 102 103 100 A 104 20 A 105

30

50

70

100

200

300

500

Discharge current (A)

Discharge duration time (h) Temperature: 60 deg. C 4.0

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge current: 1mA Temperature: 20 deg. C

4.0

Voltage (V)

3.0

Voltage (V)

3.0 2.0 1.0

Initial

After stored for 200 days at 60 deg. C*

2.0 1mA 1 10 102 103 Discharge duration time (h) 100 A 104 105

(*Equivalent to storage at 20 deg. C for 10 years)

0

0

800

1600

2400

Discharge duration time (h)

25

LITHIUM THIONYL CHLORIDE BATTERY

ER17/33

4.0

(1600mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Duration Time

100,000

Year

10 7 5 4 3

Voltage (V)

70,000

3.0

50,000

Discharge duration time (h)

2.0 800 A 1 10 10

2

20,000

80 A 10

4

16 A 10

5

20 deg. C

10,000 7,000

2 1

10

3

Discharge duration time (h)

60 deg. C

5,000

0.5

Temperature: ­40 deg. C 4.0

Voltage (V)

2,000

3.0

1,000 20

2.0 800 A 1 10 102 103 80 A 104 16 A 105

30

50

70

100

200

300

500

Discharge current ( A)

Discharge duration time (h)

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge current: 800A Temperature: 20 deg. C

Temperature: 60 deg. C 4.0

4.0

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

3.0 2.0 1.0

After stored for 200 days at 60 deg. C*

Initial

3.0

2.0 800 A 1 10 102 103 80 A 104 105

(*Equivalent to storage at 20 deg. C for 10 years)

0

0

800

1600

2400

Discharge duration time (h)

Discharge duration time (h)

ER3

4.0

(1100mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Duration Time

100,000 70,000

10 7 Year 5 4

Voltage (V)

3.0

50,000

Discharge duration time (h)

3

2.0 400A 1 10 102 103 104 40A 8A 105

20,000

20 deg. C

10,000 7,000 5,000

2 1

Discharge duration time (h)

Temperature: ­40 deg. C 4.0

60 deg. C

0.5

Voltage (V)

2,000

3.0

1,000 8

2.0 400A 1 10 102 103 Discharge duration time (h) 104 40A 8A 105 106

10

30

50

100

200 300

500

Discharge current (A)

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge current: 400A Temperature: 20 deg. C

Temperature: 60 deg. C 4.0

4.0 3.0

Voltage (V)

3.0

Voltage (V)

2.0 1.0

After stored for 200 days at 60 deg. C*

Initial

2.0 400A 1 10 102 103 40A 104 105

(*Equivalent to storage at 20 deg. C for 10 years)

0

0

1000

2000

3000

Discharge duration time (h)

Discharge duration time (h)

26

ER

ER3S

4.0

Lithium Thionyl Chloride Battery

(790mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Duration Time

100,000 70,000

10 7 Year 5 4 3

Voltage (V)

3.0

50,000

Discharge duration time (h)

2.0 400A 1 10 102 103 40A 104 8A 105

20,000

2

10,000 7,000 5,000

20 deg. C

1

Discharge duration time (h)

60 deg. C

0.5

Temperature: ­40 deg. C 4.0

Voltage (V)

2,000

3.0

1,000 8 10

2.0 400A 1 10 102 103 40A 104 8A 105

30

50

70 100

200 300

500

Discharge current (A)

Discharge duration time (h)

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge current: 400A Temperature: 20 deg. C

Temperature: 60 deg. C 4.0

4.0

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

3.0 2.0 1.0

After stored for 200 days at 60 deg. C*

3.0

Initial

2.0 400A 1 10 102 103 40A 104 105

(*Equivalent to storage at 20 deg. C for 10 years)

0

0

800

1600

2400

Discharge duration time (h)

Discharge duration time (h)

27

With Terminals and Wire Connectors

LITHIUM THIONYL CHLORIDE BATTERY

External Dimensions (unit : mm)

ER18/50 #2 PC ER17/50 #2 PC

ER6 #2 PC

ø0.63

ø0.63

6

6.5 (+)

7.5 (+)

(53.6)

53.8

(52.6)

47.7

54.7

ø18

ø17

0.25

47.6

ø14.5

(­) 0.75 0.75

(­) 0.75 7.5

6.5

6.5

ER6K-#17

ER6C #2 PC(2)

ER6C WKP

11.5 8.5

(+) 18 (+)1 (­)2 44.5 52 ø14.5 (51)

53.0

Hook

Loop

45.0

6.0

57.3

100

7.5

ø0.63

3.5

Plastic cap Insulation sleeve

0.25

(53.5)

53.8

47.7

ø0.63 1(+) 2(­)

0.25

15.2

ø14.5 0.75

100

(­)

Housing: XHP-2 (JST) Contact: SXH-001GH-P0.6 (JST) Lead wire: AWG26

7.5

Housing: HNC-2.5S-2 (Hirose) Contact: HNC-2.5S-C-B(0.3) (Hirose) Lead wire: AWG26

ER17/33 #2 PC

ER17/33 WKP

Plastic cap

ER3 #2 PC

ø0.63

ER3 WKP

11.5 8.5 1(­) 2(+)

8.5

7.5 100 (+) 1(+) 2(­)

(+)

5.2

3.5 6.0

(+)

36.2

30.1

(35)

31.1

MAX18.2 0.25 0.25 (­) 0.75 (­) 0.75 MAX17 ø14.9

(­)

6.5

Housing: HNC2-2.5S-2 (Hirose) Contact: HNC-2.5S-C-B(03) (Hirose) Lead wire: AWG26

24

ø17

ø14.5

(29.9)

36 30

ø17

7.5

Housing: IL-2S-S3L-(N) (JAE) Contact: IL-C2-1-1000 (JAE) Lead wire: AWG24

ER3S #2 PC

ER3S WKP

11.5 8.5 2(+) 1(­)

ER3SR #12

90

7.5 (+)

ø0.63

3.5 6.0

(+)

ø16.4

63 POS 2(+) POS 1(­)

29.3

28.5

21.3

ø14.5 0.25

(26)

21.9

MAX17.0 (­) 0.75 ø14.9

28

7.5

Housing: IL-S-2S-S2C2- S Contact: IL-S-C2-S-1-10000 Lead wire: AWG26

Housing: Contact: Lead wire:

2695-02RP 2759 GS UL1007 AWG26

: Tin plating : Horizontal & Through hole Type : Wire connector Type

28

24.6

Insulation sleeve

31.0

55

6.5

ø0.63

SR

Silver Oxide Battery

SR421SW / SR416SW / SR44 / SR43 / SR1130 / SR1120 / SR41 / 4SR44

SR44W / SR43W / SR1130W / SR1120W / SR936W / SR927W / SR920W / SR41W/ SR726W / SR721W / SR626W / SR621W / SR44SW / SR43SW /SR1136SW / SR1130SW / SR1120SW / SR1116SW / SR936SW / SR927SW / SR920SW / SR916SW / SR914SW / SR41SW / SR731SW / SR726SW / SR721SW / SR716SW / SR712SW / SR626SW / SR621SW / SR616SW / SR527SW / SR521SW / SR516SW / SR512SW /

SILVER OXIDE BATTERY

29

Safety Instructions

Improper handling of the battery could lead to distortion, leakage*, overheating, or explosion, causing bodily injury or equipment trouble. Especially touch with liquid leaked out of battery could cause injury like a loss of eyesight. Please observe the following instructions to prevent accidents. (* Leakage is defined as the unintentional escape of a liquid from a battery.)

Warnings

Handling

íNever swallow. Always keep the battery out of the reach of infants and young children to prevent it from being swallowed. If it is swallowed, consult a physician immediately. íNever allow liquid leaking from the battery to get in your body. The battery contains strong alkaline liquid, which is deleterious material. If it does come in contact with your eyes, flush them immediately with plenty of water and consult a physician, because the alkaline liquid could cause becoming blind. Likewise, If the liquid gets in your mouth, rinse immediately with plenty of water and consult a physician. The alkaline liquid could also cause the skin irritation and/or chemical burns. If the liquid adheres to the skin or clothes, immediately flush it with plenty of water. íNever short-circuit the battery. Do not allow the positive and negative terminals to short-circuit. Never carry or store the battery with metal objects such as a necklace or a hairpin. Do not take multiple batteries out of the package and pile or mix them when storing. Otherwise, this could lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, and explosion of the battery. íNever charge. The battery is not designed to be charged by any other electrical source. Charging could generate gas and internal short-circuiting, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion. íNever expose to open flames. Exposing to flames could cause explosion of the battery. íNever heat. Heating the battery to more than 100 deg. C could increase the internal pressure, causing distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion. íNever disassemble or deform the battery. Disassembly or deforming of the battery could cause the leakage, overheating, or explosion due to an internal short-circuits.

íNever subject the battery to severe shock. Dropping, or throwing or stomping on the battery may cause distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion. íUse the correct battery suitable for the equipment. The battery may not be suitable for the specific equipment due to the using conditions or type of equipment. Please select the suitable battery according to the handling instructions of the equipment. íNever use or leave the battery in a hot place such as under the direct rays of the sun or in a car in hot weather. If you do, this may cause distortion, leakage, overheating, and explosion of the battery. íNever store the battery in a hot and highly humid environment. Doing so may cause the performance of the battery to deteriorate. In certain environments, this may lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, and explosion of the battery. íNever allow the battery to come in contact with water. If it does, this may cause the battery to rust or lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, and explosion.

Caution

Disposal

The battery may be regulated by national or local regulation. Please follow the instructions of proper regulation. As electric capacity is left in a discarded battery and it comes into contact with other metals, it may lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion, so make sure to cover the (+) and (-) terminals with friction tape or some other insulator before disposal.

Do not pile up or mix batteries.

Friction Tape

­ + Enlarged view Battery Example of battery insulation

Caution

Handling/Storage

Electric current flows.

íNever reverse the positive and negative terminals when mounting. Improper mounting of the battery may lead to short-circuiting, charging or forced-discharging. This may cause distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion. íNever short-circuit the battery while installing into equipment. Please be careful when installing the battery not to short-circuit it with metal portions of the equipment. íNever weld the terminal or wire to the body of the battery directly. The heat of welding or soldering may cause distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion of the battery. íNever use different batteries together. Using different batteries together, i.e. different type or used and new or different manufacturer may cause distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion because of the differences in battery property. íNever leave the used battery in equipment. Long time leaving in the equipment may generate gas leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion and the equipment may be damaged. íRemove the battery from equipment while not in use for a long time Gas may be generated in the battery leading to leaking and damaging of the equipment.

These batteries generate heat.

30

SR

Overview

Silver Oxide Battery

Maxell is the first company in Japan to successfully market button-type silver oxide batteries. Based on many years of experience and know-how in various fields, the SR battery is suitable for precision electronic devices such as quartz watches, where high-energy density per unit volume and a stable operating voltage are required. Various product lineups are available to meet the growing need for supplying power to various types of watches, ranging from large to compact, thin models. Zero-mercury, zero-lead added types are also available. For more information, please contact Maxell.

Products

High drain type Model Nominal Voltage (V) Nominal Capacity (mAh)* Nominal Discharge Current (A) Dimensions

Diameter (mm) Height (mm)

SR44W 1.55 165 200 11.6 5.4 2.2

SR43W SR1130WSR1120W SR936W SR927W SR920W SR41W SR726W SR721W SR626W SR621W 1.55 125 200 11.6 4.2 1.8 1.55 79 100 11.6 3.05 1.2 1.55 55 100 11.6 2.05 1.0 1.55 75 100 9.5 3.6 1.1 1.55 60 57 100 9.5 2.73 0.8 1.55 39 100 9.5 2.05 0.6 1.55 39 50 7.9 3.6 0.7 1.55 28 50 7.9 2.6 0.5 1.55 25 50 7.9 2.1 0.45 1.55 28 50 6.8 2.6 0.4 1.55 18 50 6.8 2.15 0.3

Weight (g)

Low drain type Model Nominal Voltage (V) Nominal Capacity (mAh)* Nominal Discharge Current (A) Dimensions

Diameter (mm) Height (mm)

SR44SW SR43SW SR1136SW SR1130SW SR1120SW SR1116SW SR936SW SR927SW SR920SW SR916SW SR914SW SR41SW 1.55 165 200 11.6 5.4 2.2 1.55 110 100 11.6 4.2 1.7 1.55 100 100 11.6 3.6 1.6 1.55 80 100 11.6 3.05 1.2 1.55 55 100 11.6 2.05 1.0 1.55 29 50 11.6 1.65 0.7 1.55 70 100 9.5 3.6 1.1 1.55 55 100 9.5 2.73 0.8 1.55 45 39 50 9.5 2.05 0.7 0.6 1.55 26.5 50 9.5 1.65 0.5 1.55 22 35 9.5 1.45 0.45 1.55 45 50 7.9 3.6 0.7

Weight (g)

Low drain type Model Nominal Voltage (V) Nominal Capacity (mAh)* Nominal Discharge Current (A) Dimensions

Diameter (mm) Height (mm)

SR731SW SR726SW SR721SW SR716SW SR712SW SR626SW SR621SW SR616SW SR527SW SR521SW SR516SW SR512SW 1.55 36 50 7.9 3.1 0.7 1.55 33 50 7.9 2.6 0.5 1.55 25 30 7.9 2.1 0.45 1.55 23 22 30 7.9 1.68 0.3 1.55 10 20 7.9 1.29 0.25 1.55 30 28 30 6.8 2.6 0.4 1.55 23 18 30 6.8 2.15 0.3 1.55 16 15 20 6.8 1.65 0.3 1.55 17 30 5.8 2.7 0.3 1.55 16 14 20 5.8 2.15 0.2 1.55 11.5 20 5.8 1.65 0.2 1.55 5.5 5 5.8 1.25 0.14

Weight (g)

Low drain type Model Nominal Voltage (V) Nominal Capacity (mAh)* Nominal Discharge Current (A) Dimensions

Diameter (mm) Height (mm)

General type SR421SW SR416SW 1.55 12 20 4.8 2.15 0.17 1.55 8 10 4.8 1.65 0.12 SR44 1.55 165 200 11.6 5.4 2.2 SR43 1.55 125 100 11.6 4.2 1.8 SR1130 SR1120 1.55 79 100 11.6 3.05 1.2 1.55 55 100 11.6 2.05 1.0 SR41 1.55 39 50 7.9 3.6 0.7 4SR44 6.2 160 200 13 25.2 11.7

* Nominal capacity indicates the duration until the voltage drops to 1.2V when discharged at a nominal discharge current at 20 deg. C. * Data and dimensions are reference values only. For further details, please contact your nearest Maxell office.

Weight (g)

31

SILVER OXIDE BATTERY

Construction

Absorber Negative Electrode (Zinc) Negative Cap Gasket

Principle and Reactions

The button-type silver oxide battery uses silver oxide (Ag2O) as its positive active material and zinc (Zn) as its negative active material. Potassium hydroxide (KOH) (W-type) or sodium hydroxide (NaOH) (SW-type) is used as an electrolyte. íBattery Reactions Positive reaction 2Ag+2OHAg2O+H2O+2eNeegtive reaction Zn+2OH ZnO+H2O+2eAg2O+Zn 2Ag+ZnO

Total reaction

Separator Positive Electrode (Silver Oxide) Positive Can

Features

íFlat discharge characteristics A flat discharge curve during discharge supplies a stable voltage until the end of the discharge life. íHigh-energy density High-energy density per unit volume provides approx. twice as the amount of energy capacity as button-type alkaline batteries. íExcellent discharge load characteristics Employing an alkaline electrolyte, the SR battery features excellent discharge load characteristics. Depending on the composition of the electrolytes, two models are available; (1) a low-drain type for analog watches, and (2) a high-drain type for multi-function watches incorporating an alarm, illumination light, etc. íSuperior leakage* resistance Featuring Maxell's original leak-resistant processing, the SR battery has excellent leakage resistance, which suppresses the electrolyte from rising up and seeping out -- a basic phenomenon of alkaline electrolytes. (* Leakage is defined as an unintended escape of liquid from a battery.)

Applications

b Calculators b Film Cameras b Watches b Medical Instruments, Cash Registers b FA Instruments (Measuring Instruments, Onboard Microcomputers, Sensors)

32

ICP

Lithium Ion Rechargeable Battery

ICP483640SR / ICP533640SR / ICP553443AR ICP403450AR / ICP463443SR / ICP463446AR / ICP463450AR / ICP553446AR / ICP553450SR / ICP653047AS / ICP653443AR / ICP653450AR / ICP783640SR / ICP803443AR

LITHIUM ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

33

Safety Instructions

Improper use of the battery may cause heat, fire, explosion, damage or reduced battery capacity. Please read and follow the handling instructions for the battery before and during usage. The followings are general cautions and guidelines only and as such may not include every possible usage scenario. The manufacturer will not be liable for actions taken or accidents caused by any usage not documented below.

Danger

íDo not dip or wet the battery in water, seawater, or other liquid. Otherwise the battery may be shorted, which may generate heat or cause damage. íDo not put the battery into a fire. Otherwise, the electrolyte may burn or cause an explosion. íDo not heat the battery. Otherwise the electrolyte may boil and resin parts may melt, causing leakage, explosion or fire. íThe battery has a predetermined polarity. If the battery will not connect well to the charger or equipment, do not try to connect the battery forcefully. Check the polarity first. If the battery is connected in reverse, it will be charged in reverse and may cause leakage, heat generation, explosion or fire due to an abnormal chemical reaction. íDo not connect the battery in reverse relation to the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals in the charger or equipment. If the battery is connected in reverse, it will be charged in reverse, discharge excessive current and may cause heat generation, explosion or fire due to an abnormal chemical reaction. íDo not let the battery terminals (+ and -) come into contact with a wire or any metal (like a metal necklace or a hairpin) with which it is carried or stored. In such a case, the battery will be shorted and discharge excessive current, which may result in heat generation, explosion or fire. íDo not apply any heavy impact to the battery, throw or drop it. Otherwise the battery may be shorted and result in heat generation, explosion or fire. íDo not drive a nail into, hammer or stamp on the battery. Otherwise the battery may be shorted and result in heat generation, explosion or fire. íDo not solder the battery directly. Heat applied during soldering may melt resin parts such as separator or gasket, and result in leakage, heat generation, explosion or fire. íDo not disassemble or alter the battery. Otherwise the battery may be shorted and result in heat generation or fire. íDo not use or leave the battery near fire, heaters, inside an automobile in hot weather or under strong sunshine. Such conditions of high temperature may damage the separator, and the battery may be shorted and result in heat generation, explosion or fire. íWhen charging the battery, do not use any battery charger not specified by the manufacturer. Always follow the charge conditions specified by the manufacturer. If the battery is charged under other conditions (a high temperature, a high voltage/current or an altered charger) not specified by the manufacturer, the battery may cause heat generation, explosion or fire due to abnormal chemical reactions. íDo not connect the battery directly to an electric outlet or cigarette lighter socket in a car. Applying a high voltage may generate an excessive current and cause an electric shock. In such a case, the battery may leak electrolyte, overheat, explode or cause fire.

Warnings

íDo not put the battery in a microwave oven or a pressure cooker. Sudden heat may damage the seal of the battery and may cause heat generation, explosion or fire. íDo not use the battery together with a primary battery such as a dry battery or other battery of a different capacity, type and/or brand. In such a case, over-discharge during use or over-charge during charging may occur and abnormal chemical reactions may cause heat generation, explosion or fire from the battery. íIf you notice any unusual odor, heat, discoloration, deformation or any other characteristic apart from what you are used to while using, charging or storing the battery, then take it out of the equipment or charger, and avoid using it. Using it in such state may result in heat generation, explosion or fire. íIf the battery leaks or emits an unusual odor, remove it from the vicinity of any fire immediately. The electrolyte may catch fire, which may cause heat generation or explosion. íDo not let leaked electrolyte come into contact with the eyes. In the event of such contact, flush the eyes with plenty of water immediately and consult a doctor. Otherwise prolonged contact may cause serious injury.

Caution

íIf the battery leaks and its electrolyte comes into contact with skin or clothes, wash the contact area well with tap water or other clean water right away. Otherwise skin may break out in a rash. íWhen the battery is expected not to be used for a long time, take the battery out of the equipment or device and store it in a less humid area. íAfter long periods of storage without being used, the battery should be charged before it is used. Charge the battery every 6 months to the level specified by the manufacturer, even if the battery is not used. íDo not leave the battery pack connected to the charger. It may cause the degradation of battery performance, such as a shortening of battery life. íTurn off your equipment or device power switch after use. íDo not use the battery in other than the following temperature ranges: Charge Discharge Storage (less than 30 days) Storage (less than 90 days) 0 deg. C to +45 deg. C -20 deg. C to +60 deg. C -20 deg. C to +50 deg. C -20 deg. C to +35 deg. C

Notes for treating used batteries

· Insulate (+) and (­) terminals with tape. · Do not remove coating. · Do not expose to rain or water. · Do not disassemble. · Do not leave under strong sunshine. · Store in rugged receptacle and cover with a lid.

34

ICP

Overview

Lithium Ion Rechargeable Battery

Maxell has concentrated its original technologies accumulated during the development of various products such as magnetic tapes, IC cards and memory cards, as well as its battery technology into Maxell's lithium ion batteries. With Maxell's unique manufacturing technology and quality control system, including carefully selected electrode materials, sealing technology, and micron-order accuracy control, Maxell has developed lithium ion batteries featuring various excellent characteristics and high reliability.

Products

Positive electrode: Lithium cobalt dioxide, Negative electrode: Graphite *1: Dimensions of fresh cell without tube. *2: Approximate value *3: Capacity is according to the following conditions: Charge CCCV: 1C/4.2V/3h, Discharge 0.2C/E.V.=2.75V, Temperature 25 deg. C Above specifications are subject to change without notice. For more detailed information and availability, please consult your Maxell representative.

Note

This brochure introduces lithium-ion cells only. Maxell offers these cells in battery pack format only, which include electronic circuits to prevent overcharge, overdischarge and so on. These battery packs are custom-developed and produced according to special requirements regarding operating conditions and specifications. As a result, a minimum number of units may apply to such customized orders from customers purchasing battery packs. For details, consult your nearest Maxell dealer or distributor.

Notes for Designers

Select the correct type of battery to match the operating conditions such as load current, etc. íCharge Conditions To get the most out of lithium-ion batteries and use them safely, please read the following requirements carefully:

Charge Mode Charge Voltage Max. Charge Current Charge Time Charge Temperature Constant Current, Constant Voltage Charge 4.20V±0.05V / cell 1C Approx. 3 hours 0 to +45 deg. C

íCharge Control Flowchart (sample) Refer to the following flowchart when designing constant current and constant voltage battery chargers.

Start charge Check battery connection Check battery temperature Check battery voltage Passed Constant current, constant voltage charge · Current monitoring · Temperature monitoring · Time monitoring Passed Charge completion Failed Preliminary charge

Failed

Abnormal charge stop

35

LITHIUM ION RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

Cell Structure

Gas Release Vent Negative Terminal Laser Seal

Characteristics (ICP553450SR)

íCharge Characteristics

100 1500 Charge Capacity 80 Charge capacity (%) Charge current (mA) 1200 Cell Voltage 4.0 Cell Voltage (V) 4.5

Separator

60

900 Charge Current 600

Charge:1150mA(1C)/4.2V (CC-CV) Temperature: 25 deg. C

3.5

Positive Electrode

40

3.0

Positive Can Negative Electrode

20

300

2.5

0

0 0 30 60 90 Time (min) 120 150

2.0 180

íDischarge Load Characteristics

4.5

0.2C (230mA)

4.0

0.5C (575mA) 1C (1150mA)

Features

íHigher operating voltage of 3.7V and energy density A lithium-ion battery delivers and maintains a stable operating voltage of over 3.7V until final discharge -- three times as much voltage as a Ni-Cd or Ni-MH battery provides. It takes just 1/3 the number of lithium-ion batteries to provide the equivalent amount of voltage from Ni-Cd or Ni-MH batteries, so portable devices can be made much smaller and lighter. íHigher discharge rate for more powerful devices Lithium-ion batteries are capable of outstanding rates of discharge sufficient to power a hard disk, a video camera's motor and other devices. íStable discharge under various temperatures environmental conditions Lithium-ion batteries provide stable discharge within a wide range of temperatures, from ­20 deg. C to +60 deg. C. íSuperior storage characteristics and convenience including minimal self-discharge Lithium-ion batteries limit self-discharge to less than 5% of the original capacity per month when batteries are stored at 20 deg. C. íExcellent cost performance Superior recharging properties ensure a service life of about 500 charge/discharge cycles under normal usage conditions. The superior cost/performance ratio ensures that lithium-ion batteries are ultimately more economical than primary batteries.

Cell voltage (V)

3.5

3.0

Charge: 1150mA(1C)/4.2V(CC-CV)/2.5h Discharge: 0.2C, 0.5C,1C (E.V.=2.75V) Temperature: 25 deg. C

2.5

0

200

400

600 Capacity (mAh)

800

1000

1200

íDischarge Temperature Characteristics

4.5

60 deg. C

4.0 Cell voltage (V)

25 deg. C 0 deg. C -10 deg. C -20 deg. C

3.5

3.0

Charge: 1150mA(1C)/4.2V(CC-CV)/2.5h/25 deg. C Discharge: 230mA(0.2C) (E.V.=2.75V)

2.5 0 200 400 600 Capacity (mAh) 800 1000 1200

íCycle Life Characteristics

1200 1000 Capacity (mAh) 800 600 400 200 0 0 100 200 300 Cycle number (cycle) 400 500

Charge: 1150mA(1C)/4.2V(CC-CV)/2.5h Discharge: 1150mA(1C) (E.V.=2.75V) Temperature: 25 deg. C

Applications

b Mobile Phones b PHS b PDAs b Electronic Dictionaries b Camcorders b Digital Still Cameras b Digital Audio Players b Portable Game Devices

36

ML

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

ML2032 / ML2016 / ML1220 With Terminals and Wire Connectors (ML2032 / ML2016 / ML1220)

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

37

Safety Instructions

This battery contains lithium, organic solvents, and other combustible materials. For this reason, improper handling of the battery could lead to distortion, leakage*, overheating, explosion, or fire, causing bodily injury or equipment trouble. Please observe the following instructions to prevent accidents. (* Leakage is defined as the unintentional escape of a liquid from a battery.)

Warnings

Handling

íNever swallow. Always keep the battery out of the reach of infants and young children to prevent it from being swallowed. If wallowed, consult a physician immediately. íDo not replace. Depending on the battery manufacturer, there might be major differences in performance even among the same types or models of batteries. If you are an equipment manufacturer and need to replace the battery, please use a new one of the same type and same model as the existing one. Because this is a rechargeable battery, its characteristics are completely different from a primary battery even though their shapes are alike. If a primary battery is installed in the circuit in place of a rechargeable battery, gas could be generated or the primary battery could be short-circuited by charging. This could lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. Please design your equipment so that the end user cannot replace the battery by mistake. íNever use two or more batteries connected in series or in parallel. If batteries are connected together, it is very difficult to design a circuit to observe whether or not the batteries are charged at specified voltage or current as described in "Warning -Circuit Design". íNever reverse the positive and negative terminals when mounting. Improper mounting of the battery could lead to equipment trouble or short-circuiting. This could cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever short-circuit the battery. Do not allow the positive and negative terminals to short-circuit. Never carry or store the battery with metal objects such as a necklace or a hairpin. Do not take multiple batteries out of the package and pile or mix them when storing. Please be careful when installing the battery not to short-circuit it with metal portions of the equipment. Otherwise, this could lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever heat. Heating the battery to more than 100 deg. C could increase the internal pressure, causing distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever expose to open flames. Exposing to flames could cause the lithium metal to melt, causing the battery to catch on fire and explode. íNever disassemble the battery. Do not disassemble the battery, because the separator or gasket could be damaged, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever weld the terminals or weld a wire to the body of the battery directly. The heat of welding or soldering could cause the lithium to melt, or cause damage to the insulating material in the battery, leading to possible distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. When soldering the battery directly to equipment, solder only the tabs or leads. Even then, the temperature of the soldering iron must be below 350 deg. C and the soldering time less than 5 seconds. Do not use a soldering bath, because the circuit board with battery attached could stop moving or the battery could drop into the bath. Moreover do not use excessive solder, because the solder could flow to unwanted portions of the board, leading to a short-circuit or charging of the battery.

íNever allow liquid leaking from the battery to get in your eyes or mouth. Because this liquid could cause serious damage, if it does come in contact with your eyes, flush them immediately with plenty of water and consult a physician. Likewise, if the liquid gets in your mouth, rinse immediately with plenty of water and consult a physician. íKeep leaking batteries away from fire. If leakage is suspected or you detect a strong odor, keep the battery away from fire, because the leaked liquid could catch on fire. íNever touch the battery electrodes. Do not allow the battery electrodes to come in contact with your skin or fingers. Otherwise, the moisture from your skin could cause a discharge of the battery, which could produce certain chemical substances causing you to receive a chemical burns.

Warnings

Circuit Design

íNever set the charge voltage above 3.3V. Charging at a higher voltage could cause the generation of gas, internal short-circuiting, or other malfunctions, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. For details, see the recommended circuits in the figure below. íAlways charge at the nominal currents shown below. Large surges of current could degrade the battery's characteristics, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. To avoid excessive current at the initiation of charging, make sure to attach a protective resistor for current control. See the recommended circuits below.

Table 1 Nominal Charge Current by Model Model Charge Current ML2032 2mA or lower ML2016 2mA or lower ML1220 1mA or lower

íRecommended Circuits Please refer to the representative basic circuits shown below. If you have any questions about circuit design, please feel free to contact Maxell.

+ Voltage Regulator GND To 16V (3.0-3.3V) ML ­ D: Diode, R: Resistor D

Table 2 Example of resistors

R Load

Model ML2032 ML2016 ML1220

Output Voltage of Voltage Regulator 3.1V 3.2V >550 ohm >600 ohm >550 ohm >600 ohm >1.1K ohm >1.2K ohm

(How to select a protective resistor for the current control) The maximum charge current flows in the battery when charged at an end voltage of 2V. Therefore, the value of the resistor is calculated using this equation: (R) > ((Output Voltage of Voltage Regulator) ­ 2) / (Nominal Charge = Current) For example, the S-812C series, which has a maximum input voltage of 18V, or the S-817 series with a maximum input voltage of 10V (Seiko Instruments Inc.) can be used as a voltage regulator. Note 1: If the main power source voltage is stable, the charge voltage can be allotted from main power source divided by the combination of resistors. Note 2: Because the battery height must be changed by charge and discharge cycle, place a minimum of 1mm space between the battery and device or chassis.

38

ML

Warnings

Lithium Manganese Dioxide Rechargeable Battery

Disposal

The battery may be Do not pile up or mix Tape regulated by national or batteries. local regulation. Please follow the instructions of ­ proper regulation. As + Enlarged view electric capacity is left in Battery Electric current flows. a discarded battery and it comes into contact with (Example of other metals, it could lead battery insulation) These batteries generate heat. to distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion, so make sure to cover the (+) and (-) terminals with friction tape or some other insulator before disposal.

Caution

Handling/Storage

íUse within the rated temperature range of -20 to +60 deg. C. Otherwise the battery's charge and discharge characteristics may be reduced.

íNever expose the battery to ultrasonic sound. Exposing the battery to ultrasonic sound may cause short-circuiting because the inside material is broken into pieces, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever subject the battery to severe shock. Dropping, throwing or stomping on the battery may cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever use or leave the battery in a hot place such as under the direct rays of the sun or in a car in hot weather. If you do, this may cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever allow the battery to come in contact with water. If it does, this may cause the battery to rust or lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever store the battery in a hot and highly humid environment. Doing so may cause the performance of the battery to deteriorate. In certain environments, this may lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire

Overview

The coin-type lithium manganese dioxide rechargeable battery is a small, lightweight rechargeable battery. This battery employs specially treated manganese dioxide for the positive material and a lithium-aluminum compound for the negative material. A specially formulated organic electrolyte is also used, yielding excellent discharge characteristics with low self-discharge.

Products

Model Nominal Voltage (V) Nominal Capacity (mAh**) Nominal Discharge Current (A) Charge, Discharge Discharge Depth of 10% Cycle Lifetime Discharge Depth of 20% Operating Temperature Ranges (deg.C) Dimensions* Weight (g)* Diameter (mm) Height (mm)

ML2032 3 65 200

1,000 (6.5 mAh discharge) (total capacity 6,500 mAh) 300 (13 mAh discharge) (total capacity 3,900 mAh)

ML2016 3 25 200

1,500 (2.5 mAh discharge) (total capacity 3,750 mAh) 500 (5 mAh discharge) (total capacity 2,500 mAh)

ML1220 3 18 100

1,500(1.8 mAh discharge) (total capacity 2,700 mAh) 500 (3.6 mAh discharge) (total capacity 1,800 mAh)

-20 to +60 20 3.2 3.0

-20 to +60 20 1.6 1.8

-20 to +60 12.5 2.0 0.7

* Dimensions and weight are for the battery itself, but may vary depending on terminal specifications and other factors. ** Nominal capacity indicates duration until the voltage drops down to 2.0V when discharged at a nominal discharge current at 20 deg. C. · Data and dimensions are just reference values. For further details, please contact your nearest Maxell dealer or distributor.

Construction

Collector Negative Electrode Negative Separator Cap Gasket

Principle and Reactions

The coin-type lithium manganese dioxide rechargeable battery is a 3V battery using specially treated manganese dioxide for the positive material, a lithium-aluminum compound for the negative material, and a specially formulated organic electrolyte. íCharge/Discharge Reactions Charge MnO2 (Li-Al) Discharge LiMnO2 Al

(­)

(+)

Collector Positive Electrode Positive Can

39

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

Features

íApprox. 2.5V operating voltage The operating voltage is about twice that of nickel cadmium rechargeable batteries. Displays a high discharge voltage of 2.8 V when at 10% of nominal capacity (depth of discharge is 10% or less), when charged at 3.0 to 3.3 V. íSuperior charge/discharge cycle characteristics (Fig. 2) Achieves 1,000 cycles of discharging to 10% of nominal capacity (Depth of discharge = 10%). The total discharge capacity is quite high at 100 times nominal capacity. íWide -20 deg. C to 60 deg. C usable temperature range Demonstrates stable operating voltage in temperatures as low as -20 deg. C and as high as 60 deg. C. íLow self-discharge and superior leakage resistance (Fig. 3) Self-discharge at 20 deg. C is no more than 2% per year. Supplies a nominal capacity of about 95% even when stored at 20 deg. C for roughly five years (according to accelerated test conducted by Maxell). And since organic electrolyte is used, the battery has superior leakage resistance (shipped fully charged). íExcellent floating characteristics (Fig. 4) A specially formulated organic electrolyte is employed to provide stable discharge characteristics even if charged for a year at 3.3 V at 20 deg. C (according to accelerated test conducted by Maxell). íExcellent high rate discharge characteristics (Fig. 5)

Fig. 1 Charge Property

100

Recoverable ratio (%)

Fig. 2 Charge/Discharge Cycle Performance

Rechargeable cycle number / cycles

104

Cut-off voltage of charge: 3.25V Temperature : 20 deg. C

80

Recommended area

60 40 20

Prohibited area FV = 2.0V

103

ML2016

102

ML2032 ML1220

0 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5

Charge voltage (V)

101 0 20 40 60 80 100

Depth of discharge (%)

Fig. 3 Low Self-discharge

Capacity retention ratio(%)

100 90 80 70 60 50 0 50 100 150 200 250

Fig. 4 Overcharge Characteristics

ML2032

4

ML2032

Discharge load:15 K Discharge temperature: 20 deg. C

voltage (V)

Storage temperature: 60 deg. C Discharge temperature: 20 deg. C Load: 15 K

3

2

Initial

After charged at 60 deg. C for 20 days at 3.3V*

1

0

100

200

300

400

500

Discharge duration time (h)

Storage time (days)

* equivalent to storage at 20 deg. C for 1 year

(when accelerating 20 days at 60 deg. C equivalent to 1 year at 20 deg.C)

UL (Underwriters Laboratories Inc.) Recognized Components Fig. 5 High Rate Discharge Characteristics

3.5

ML2032

Recognized models ML2032, ML2016, ML1220 Certification Number: MH12568

Temperature: 20 deg. C

3.0

Applications

b Mobile Phones b PHS b OA Machines (Fax, Copiers, Printers) b Notebook PCs b Desktop PCs b PDAs b Camcorders b Digital Still Cameras b Portable CD/MD Players b Watches b Medical Instruments, Cash Registers b FA Instruments (Measuring Instruments, Onboard Microcomputers, Sensors) b Electronic Meters (Water, Gas, Electricity)

Voltage (V)

2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0

0

4mA 3mA 10 20

2mA 30

40

50

60

1mA 70

80

Discharge duration time (h)

40

ML

ML2032

3.5 3.0

Lithium Manganese Dioxide Rechargeable Battery

(65mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k

3.5 3.0

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

240k 2.5 100k 2.0 1.5 1.0 15k 30k

20 deg. C 2.5 60 deg. C 2.0 1.5 1.0 0 100 200 300 400 500

Discharge duration time (h) ­20 deg. C

0 deg. C 0 10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

Discharge capacity (mAh)

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Duration Time

Discharge final voltage: 2V Temperature: 20 deg. C

í High Rate Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C 3.5 3.0 2.5

104

Discharge duration time (days)

103

102 101

Voltage (V)

2.0 1.5 1.0 4mA 3mA

0 10 20

100 100

2mA

30 40 50 60

1mA

70 80

101 Discharge current (A)

102

Discharge duration time (h)

í Over Charge Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k Temperature: 20°C

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k Temperature: 20 deg. C

3.5

3.5 3.0

3

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

After charged at 3.3V for 20 days at 60 deg. C

2.5 2.0 1.5

Initial

2.5

2

Initial

After stored for 60 days at 60 deg. C 1.0

1.5

0

100

200

300

400

500

0

100

200

300

400

500

Discharge duration time (h)

Discharge duration time (h)

ML2016

3.5 3.0

(25mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 15k

3.5 3.0 20 deg. C 60 deg. C

240k

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0 5

10

100k 15k 30k

2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 ­20 deg. C

0 deg. C 140 160 180

15

20

25

30

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

Discharge capacity (mAh)

Discharge duration time (h)

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Duration Time

Discharge final voltage: 2V Temperature: 20 deg. C

í High Rate Discharge Characteristics

3.5 3.0

104

Discharge duration time (days)

103

Voltage (V)

2.5 2.0 1.5 4mA 3mA

5 10

102

101

2mA

15 20

1mA

25 30

100 100

10

1

10

2

1.0

0

Discharge current (A)

Discharge duration time (h)

í Over Charge Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge load: 15 k Temperature: 20 deg. C

3.5

3.5 3.0

3

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

After charged at 3.3V for 20 days at 60 deg. C

2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0

Initial

2.5

2

Initial

After stored for 60 days at 60 deg. C

1.5

0

50

100

Discharge duration time (h)

150

200

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

Discharge duration time (h)

41

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

ML1220

3.5 3.0

(18mAh)

í Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Temperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 30 k

3.5 3.0

100k

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0

2.5 2.0 ­20 deg. C 1.5

20 deg. C 60 deg. C

30k

0 deg. C 1.0

0

2

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

0

20

40

60

80

100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260

Discharge capacity (mAh)

Discharge duration time (h)

í Relationship between Discharge Current and Duration Time

Discharge final voltage: 2V Temperature: 20 deg. C

í High Rate Discharge Characteristics

Temperature: 20 deg. C

3.5 3.0

Discharge duration time (days)

104 103

Voltage (V)

2.5

1mA

102

2.0 1.5 1.0

4mA

3mA 2mA

101

100 1

101

Discharge current (A)

102

0

2

4

6 8 10 12 Discharge duration time (h)

14

16

í Over Charge Characteristics

Discharge load: 30 k Temperature: 20 deg. C

í Storage Characteristics

Discharge load: 30 k Temperature: 20 deg. C

3.5

After charged at 3.3V for 20 days at 60 deg. C

3.5 3.0

3

Voltage (V)

Voltage (V)

2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0

Initial

2.5

Initial

After stored for 60 days at 60 deg. C

2

1.5

0

50

100

150

200

250

300

0

50

Discharge duration time (h)

100 150 Discharge duration time (h)

200

250

42

ML

ML2032 T6

ø20 20.3 4 4.1 4.5 4 (­) 20.5 (+) 0.75

Lithium Manganese Dioxide Rechargeable Battery with Terminals and Wire Connectors

ML2032 T6 TUBE

Insulation sleeve

0.75 4.5 ø20 4.5 0.75 10.16 20.3 1.3 4 (­) 18.05 (+) 0.75 4 0.2 4

External Dimensions (unit : mm)

ML2032 T14 ML2032 T25

ø20

4 4 4 4.8 4.1

21 4 4.8

4

4.5

4.5

(­) 20.5

(+)

4.5

5.1 20.6

4

4

0.2

1.8

0.2

0.75

1.8

4 4.5

(­) 15.24

4

(+) 0.2

Actual appearance

ML2032 T32

Insulation sleeve

ML2032 T17

Insulation sleeve

ø20

ML2032 T26

ML2032 WK

Insulation sleeve

ø20

22

80

8.5

Actual appearance

ø20

0.75

4

3

(+) 4.5 (+) 1.8 4 10.5 10.16 (­) 25.4 4.0 (+) 0.2 (+) (­) (­) 0.75 4 4 (+) 0.2 (­) 4.5 4.0 0.2 3.7 7.5

(­) 0.2 7.5 (+)

20.2

Hook Loop

4.8

4

0.75

3.7

(­)

Lead wire

Housing: HNC2-2.5S-4 (Hirose) Contact: HNC2.5S-C-B (02) (Hirose) Lead wire: AWG26

Actual appearance

ML2032 WK2

Insulation sleeve

34

ML2016 T6

ML2016 T25

ML2016 T17

4.5 0.75

Insulation sleeve

(+) (­) 65 (+) (­) 4 2.5 (­) 4.5 (+) 2.9 21 4 3.2 4 ø20 ø20 20.2

Insulation sleeve

ø20 10.16

20.3 4.5 (+) 1.8 4 10.5 (­) 0.75 4 8.8 4

3

4.5

0.2 2.1

0.2

4

(­) 20.5

(+)

(­) 18.05

(+)

0.75

0.2

1.8 4

0.75

0.2

Lead wire Housing: ZHR-2 (JST) Contact: SZH-002T-P0.5 (JST) Lead wire: AWG26

4

Actual appearance

43

10.16 (­) (+)

ø20

LITHIUM MANGANESE DIOXIDE RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

External Dimensions (unit : mm)

ML2016 T26 ML1220 T9 ML1220 T10 ML1220 T12

ø20

Insulation sleeve

Insulation sleeve

ø12.5

Insulation sleeve

ø12.5

Insulation sleeve

(­) 0.75

(+) 0.75

16.25

3.75

16.25

(­)

(+)

(+)

(­)

4

3.0

(+)

(­)

(+) 0.75

(­) 0.75 3.25

(+) 0.75 3.8

)­( 0.75

3.0

(­)

(+)

4.5

7.5

0.2 2.7

0.2 2.7

4

0.2 2.1 3.3 ø12.5 3.3

2.1 2.7

0.75 10.16 (+) (­) 4

Actual appearance

ML1220 T13

: Tin plating : Horizontal & Through hole Type : Horizontal & Surface mounting Type : Vertical & Through hole Type : Wire connector Type

(+)

Insulation sleeve

ø12.5

(+)

(­)

3.5

(+) 0.75 3.25

)­( 0.75

3.0

(­)

0.2 2.7

44

3.5

TC

TITANIUM CARBON LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

TC920S

TITANIUM CARBON LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

45

Safety Instructions

This battery contains organic solvents, and other combustible materials. For this reason, improper handling of the battery could lead to distortion, leakage*, overheating, explosion, or fire, causing bodily injury or equipment trouble. Please observe the following instructions to prevent accidents. (* Leakage is defined as the unintentional escape of a liquid from a battery.)

Warnings

Handling

íNever swallow. Always keep the battery out of the reach of infants and young children to prevent it from being swallowed. If swallowed, consult a physician immediately. íDo not replace. Depending on the battery manufacturer, there might be major differences in performance even among the same types or models of batteries. If you are an equipment manufacturer and need to replace the battery, please use a new one of the same type and same model as the existing one. Because this is a rechargeable battery, its characteristics are completely different from a primary battery even though their shapes are alike. If a primary battery is installed in the circuit in place of a rechargeable battery, gas could be generated or the primary battery could be short-circuited by charging. This could lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. Please design your equipment so that the end user cannot replace the battery by mistake. íNever use two or more batteries connected in series or in parallel. If batteries are connected together, it is very difficult to design a circuit to observe whether or not the batteries are charged at specified voltage or current as described in "Warning -Circuit Design". íNever reverse the positive and negative terminals when mounting. Improper mounting of the battery could lead to equipment trouble or short-circuiting. This could cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever short-circuit the battery. Do not allow the positive and negative terminals to short-circuit. Never carry or store the battery with metal objects such as a necklace or a hairpin. Do not take multiple batteries out of the package and pile or mix them when storing. Please be careful when installing the battery not to short-circuit it with metal portions of the equipment. Otherwise this could lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever heat. Heating the battery to more than 100 deg. C could increase the internal pressure, causing distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever expose to open flames. Exposing to flames could cause the battery to catch on fire and explode. íNever disassemble the battery. Do not disassemble the battery, because the separator or gasket could be damaged, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever weld the terminals or weld a wire to the body of the battery directly. The heat of welding or soldering could cause the lithium to melt, or cause damage to the insulating material in the battery, leading to possible distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. When soldering the battery directly to equipment, solder only the tabs or leads. Even then, the temperature of the soldering iron must be below 350 deg. C and the soldering time less than 5 seconds. Do not use a soldering bath, because the circuit board with battery attached could stop moving or the battery could drop into the bath. Moreover do not use excessive solder, because the solder could flow to unwanted portions of the board, leading to a short-circuit or charging of the battery.

íNever allow liquid leaking from the battery to get in your eyes or mouth. Because this liquid could cause serious damage, if it does come in contact with your eyes, flush them immediately with plenty of water and consult a physician. Likewise, if the liquid gets in your mouth, rinse immediately with plenty of water and consult a physician.. íKeep leaking batteries away from fire. If leakage is suspected or you detect a strong odor, keep the battery away from fire, because the leaked liquid could catch on fire. íNever touch the battery electrodes. Do not allow the battery electrodes to come in contact with your skin or fingers. Otherwise, the moisture from your skin could cause a discharge of the battery, which could produce certain chemical substances causing you to receive a chemical burns.

Warnings

Circuit Design

íNever set the charge voltage above 3.15V. Charging at a higher voltage could cause the generation of gas, internal short-circuiting, or other malfunctions, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. For details, see the recommended circuits in the figure below. íAlways charge at the nominal currents shown below. Large surges of current could degrade the battery's characteristics, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. To avoid excessive current at the initiation of charging, make sure to attach a protective resistor for current control. See the recommended circuits below.

Table 1 Nominal Charge Current by Model Model Charge Current TC920S 5mA or lower

íRecommended Circuits Please refer to the representative basic circuits shown below. If you have any questions about circuit design, please feel free to contact Maxell.

(A) Main power source of 1.6 to 3.15V + D R 1.6 to 3.15V (1.6 to 3.15V) TC ­ D: Diode; R: Resistor ­ D: Diode; R: Resistor Load (B) Other main power source + Voltage Regulator GND To 16V

D R Load

(1.6 to 3.15V) TC

(How to select a protective resistor for the current control) The maximum charge Table 2 Example of resistor current flows in the battery Charge voltage* Model when charged at an end 1.8V 2.5V voltage of 1.0V. Therefore >160 ohm >300 ohm TC920S the value of the resistor is calculated using this equation: (R) > ((Charge voltage* ­1) / (Nominal Charge Current) = * Charge voltage (A): Voltage of main power source (B): Output voltage of regulator For example, the S-812C series, which has a maximum input voltage of 18V, or the S-817 series with a maximum input voltage of 10V (Seiko Instruments Inc.) can be used as a voltage regulator.

46

TC

Warnings

Titanium Carbon Lithium Rechargeable Battery

Disposal

The battery may be Do not pile up or mix Tape batteries. regulated by national or local regulation. Please follow the instructions of ­ proper regulation. As + Enlarged view electric capacity is left in a Battery Electric current flows. discarded battery and it comes into contact with (Example of battery insulation) other metals, it could lead These batteries generate heat. to distortion, leakage, overheating, or explosion, so make sure to cover the (+) and (-) terminals with friction tape or some other insulator before disposal.

Caution

Handling/Storage

íUse within the rated temperature range (-20 to 60 deg. C). Otherwise the battery's charge and discharge characteristics may be reduced.

íNever expose the battery to ultrasonic sound. Exposing the battery to ultrasonic sound may cause short-circuiting because the inside material is broken into pieces, leading to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever subject the battery to severe shock. Dropping, throwing or stomping on the battery may cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever use or leave the battery in a hot place such as under the direct rays of the sun or in a car in hot weather. If you do, this may cause distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever allow the battery to come in contact with water. If it does, this may cause the battery to rust or lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire. íNever store the battery in a hot and highly humid environment. Doing so may cause the performance of the battery to deteriorate. In certain environments, this may lead to distortion, leakage, overheating, explosion, or fire.

Overview

The button-type titanium carbon lithium ion rechargeable battery is a small rechargeable battery developed as a backup power source for real-time clocks and SRAM like digital cameras and mobile phones. It provides fully 10 times the capacity of a capacitor of the same size.

Products

Model Nominal Voltage (V) Nominal Capacity (mAh)* Nominal Discharge Current (A) Charge/Discharge Cycle Operating Temperature Range (deg. C) Dimensions Weight (g)* Diameter(mm) Height(mm) TC 920S 1.5 3.5 100 500 -20 to +60 9.5 2.05 0.43

* Nominal capacity indicates duration until the voltage drops down to 1.0V when discharged at a nominal discharge current at 20 deg. C. · Data and dimensions are just reference values. For further details, please contact your nearest Maxell dealer or distributor.

Construction

Negative Cap

Principle and Reactions

The button-type titanium carbon lithium ion rechargeable battery uses lithium titanium oxide as the positive material, carbon as the negative material, and organic electrolyte. íCharge/Discharge Reactions Charge Li x Ti yO 4 + Li z C 6 Li x + Ti yO 4 +Liz- C 6 Discharge

Negative Electrode

Gasket

Positive Electrode Positive Can Separator

47

TITANIUM CARBON LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

Features

íApprox. 1.5V operating voltage The operating voltage is about 1 to 1.5V the same as the SR, LR battery. íWide range charging voltage (Fig. 1) Charging voltage is 1.6 to 3.15V. íExcellent cycle performance (Fig. 2) 500 charge/discharge cycles is archived because by utilizing lithium ion. íWide temperature characteristics (Fig. 3) Usable in a wide temperature range of-20 to 60 deg. C. íExcellent overcharge characteristics A special formulated organic electrolyte is employed to provide stable discharge characteristics even if charged for 10 years at 3.15V at 20 deg. C. (under accelerated test conditions conducted by Maxell) íSuperior leakage resistance Leakage resistance can withstand over 1,200 heat shock cycles between 60 deg. C and-10 deg. C.

FIg. 1 Charge Property

100

Fig. 2 Charge/Discharge Cycle Performance

4.5 Discharge capacity (mAh) 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5

Recoverable ratio (%)

80 60 40 20 0 1.5

20 deg. C Charge voltage: 2.4V Protective resistor: 300 Charge time: 6hr Discharge load: 1k Discharge time: 6hr

0 100 200 300 400 500

Recommended area 1.6V--3.15V Prohibited area FV=1.0V

2.0 2.5 3.0 Charge voltage (V) 3.5

Charge/discharge cycle (Numbers)

Fig. 3 Temperature Characteristics

2.5 2.0 Voltage (V) 1.5

Applications

b Mobile Phones b PHS b Camcorders b Digital Still Cameras b Portable CD/MD Players b Watches

Discharge load: 15k

20 deg. C

1.0 0.5 0 0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 Discharge capacity (mAh) 6.0

­20 deg. C

48

TC

TC920S

2.5 2.0

Titanium Carbon Lithium Rechargeable Battery

(3.5mAh)

í Charge/Discharge Curves

Temperature: 20 deg. C

íTemperature Characteristics

Discharge load: 15k 2.5 2.0

Voltage (V)

1.5 1.0

Voltage (V)

Charge Charge voltage: 2.4V Protective resistor: 300 Charge time: 24 hrs Discharge

1.5 1.0 0.5 0 ­20 deg. C

20 deg. C

0.5 0 0 1.0

Discharge load: 15k Final voltage: 0.5V 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0

0

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

Discharge capacity (mAh)

Discharge capacity (mAh)

íOver Charge Characteristics

Discharge load: 15k 2.5 2.0 Temperature: 20 deg. C

íOverdischarge Characteristics

Discharge load: 15k 2.5 2.0 Temperature: 20 deg. C

Voltage (V)

1.5 Initial 1.0 0.5 After charged at 2.4V for 80 days at 60 deg. C 0 0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 Discharge capacity (mAh)

Voltage (V)

1.5 Initial 1.0 0.5 After discharged at 0V for 80 days at 60 deg. C 0 0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 Discharge capacity (mAh)

49

ISO 14001

EMS Accreditation RE 009

Factories producing these products conform to the ISO 14001 standards. ISO14001 Hitachi Maxell, Ltd., Osaka-Ono Site Certificate Number: EC97J1166 Certificate Expiry: 25/Dec/2008 Registration Date: 26/Jan/1998 Issue Date: 26/Dec/2005 ISO14001 Hitachi Maxell, Ltd., Kyoto Site Certificate Number: EC97J1188 Certificate Expiry: 22/Feb/2010 Registration Date: 23/Feb/1998 Issue Date: 23/Feb/2007

ISO9001

QS Accreditation R009

JQA-0986

ISO9001 Hitachi Maxell, Ltd. Energy Solution Business Group Primary Battery Division Certificate Number : JQA-0986 Registration Date: September 29, 1995 Last Renewal Date: December 19, 2006 Expiry Date: December 18, 2009

JQA-3029

ISO9001 Hitachi Maxell, Ltd. Rechargeable Battery Division Certificate Number: JQA-3029 Registration Date: January 29, 1999 Last Renewal Date: December 27, 2005 Expiry Date: December 26, 2008

Scope of Registration: The design/development and the manufacture of cylindrical alkaline battery, silver oxide battery, alkaline button battery, manganese dioxide lithium battery (coin type and cylindrical type), thionyl chloride lithium battery, manganese dioxide lithium rechargeable battery and titanium carbon lithium ion rechargeable battery.

Scope of Registration: The design/development and manufacture of lithium ion rechargeable battery.

ISO/TS 16949

ISO/TS16949 Hitachi Maxell, Ltd. Energy Solution Business Group Primary Battery Division, Ono Works Certificate Number : JQA-AU0078 Registration Date: January 7, 2005 Last Renewal Date: January 7, 2008 Expiry Date: January 6, 2011

JQA-AU0078

Scope of Registration: The design/development and manufacture of manganese dioxide lithium battery (coin type) for automobile use.

50

Information

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