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Oro Province

Oro Province

General Information

Administration

Provincial headquarters: Popondetta Number of districts: 2 - Ijivitari, Sohe Number of LLGs: 9 Number of wards: 162

About Oro

Oro Province covers the northern side of the Owen Stanley Ranges and a stretch of coastline from Cape Ward Hunt in the north to Collingwood Bay in the south. It includes the village of Kokoda near the eastern border with Central Province, as well as Cape Nelson and the coastal fjords near Tufi on the coast. The provincial member is Mr. Suckling Tamanabe of the United Party. The member between 2002 and 2007 was Mr. Bani Hoivo. High incomes can be earned in the Kokoda Valley from oil palm, Female cocoa and fresh food. More moderate incomes from oil palm can (%) be earned near the coast. Some wage employment is also 47.5 available in Popondetta. Elsewhere in the province incomes are very low. 47.7 A road runs from Popondetta to Kokoda and another to Afore. 47.5 Otherwise there are very few roads in the province. Coastal 47.5 communities rely on dinghy and canoe transport. Very remote communities in this province must walk long distances over mountainous terrain to reach roads that continue to service centres. 22735 4528 5.9 29.4

Population

Male (%) Total < 15 years 15-64 years > 65 years Citizen households 133065 57767 72116 3182 21840 52.5 52.3 52.5 52.5

Area and population density

Area (km²) Occupied area (km²) Population per km² Population per km² of occupied area

Electoral statistics

Eligible voters (2000 Census) Number of votes cast (2002) 2002 Electoral Roll Number of votes cast (2007) 2007 Electoral Roll 66584 61293 112502 60400 82509

Average annual population growth rate (1980-2000): 2.7

Education

Type and number of schools

Elementary Community Primary Provincial high Secondary Vocational 260 31 70 3 2 4

Health

Number and population per facility

Health centres Aid posts 19 64 7003 2079

Economic Activity

Top agricultural activities of citizen households

% engaged Coconut Betel nut Food crops Coffee Livestock 81 59 22 76.6 75.7 73.3 29.5 28.0 %* engaged for cash 11.8 16.4 7.0 28.3 4.4

Number and population per officer

Medical officers Nursing officers 6 83 22178 1603

Universal basic education indicators (%)

Net admission rate Gross enrolment rate Net enrolment rate 4.5% 60.2% 38.4%

Mortality rates (per 1000)

Under 5 mortality rate Infant mortality rate (under 1 year) Child mortality rate (1-4 years of age)

*of total citizen households

Literacy rate (%)

Total 69.7 Male 72.9 Female 66.2

Infrastructure

Electricity customers Percent of population within 5km of a national road 961 50.4

Life expectancy (years)

Total 54.5 Male 54.1 Female 55

Ijivitari District

General Information

Administration

District headquarters: Ijivitari Number of LLGs: 5 - Oro Bay Rural, Safia Rural, Afore Rural, Popondetta Urban, Tufi Rural Number of wards: 88

Population

Male (%) Total < 15 years 15-64 years > 65 years Citizen households 67975 29287 37041 1647 10984 52.5 52.2 52.5 54.8 Female (%) 47.5 47.8 47.5 45.2

About Ijivitari

12709 3040 5.4 22.4 Ijivitari District stretches south east of Popondetta and from the Owen Stanley Ranges in the west across the Managalas Plateau and Mt. Lamington to the Nelson Range in the east. The district continues down to the coastal fiords of Tufi and then further south to Collingwood Bay. The district member is Mr. David Arore, who stood for election as an independent and then joined the National Alliance Party. The member between 2002 and 2007 was Mr. Cecil King Doruba. Kaukau, coconut and sago are important subsistence crops for the district but there are few opportunities for income from these activities. Oil palm is a high income earner on the coast. The inland areas of Ijivitari have a high potential for agriculture but remain very isolated from services.

Area and population density

Area (km²) Occupied area (km²) Population per km² Population per km² of occupied area

Electoral statistics

Eligible voters (2000 Census) Number of votes cast (2002) Number of votes cast (2007) 34321 31335 30065

Education

Type and number of schools

Elementary Community Primary Provincial high school Vocational 140 16 38 3 1

Health

Number and population per officer

Medical officers Nursing officers 6 70 11329 971

Economic Activity

Top agricultural activities of citizen households

% engaged Coconut Betel nut Food crops Fishing Coffee 74.8 72.9 71.9 34.5 24.9 %* engaged for cash 18.4 17.4 9.0 7.9 24.2

Number and population per facility

Health centres 12 30 5665 2266

Universal basic education indicators

Net admission rate Gross enrolment rate Net enrolment rate 4.7%b 55.8%b 34.4%b

Aid posts

Infrastructure

Road access

The coast around Oro Bay has sealed roads and other minor roads connect Collingwood Bay and the Managalas Plateau with Popondetta. For the rest of the district, the absence of roads means more than one day's travel to reach a service centre.

*of total citizen households

Literacy rate

Total 76.4 Male (%) 78.7 Female (%) 73.8

Sohe District

General Information

Administration

District headquarters: Sohe Number of LLGs: 4 - Kokoda Rural, Higaturu Rural, Tamata Rural, Kira Rural Number of wards: 74

Population

Male (%) Total < 15 years 15-64 years > 65 years Citizen households 65090 28480 35075 1535 10856 52.5 52.4 52.4 56.7 Female (%) 47.5 47.6 47.6 43.3

Area and population density

Area (km²) Occupied area (km²) Population per km² Population per km² of occupied area 10026 1488 6.5 43.7

About Sohe

The Owen Stanley Ranges run along the south western border of Sohe District. The district includes the village of Kokoda and the Mambera, Opi and Kamusi Rivers. The district member is Mr. Anthony Nene of the People's National Congress Party and the current Parliamentary Secretary for the Public Service. This is his second term. Oil palm delivers comparatively high incomes for those in the Mambare Valley and there are low incomes available for sales of fresh food and fish. Some wage-earning opportunities also exist in the businesses of Popondetta.

Electoral statistics

Eligible voters (2000 Census) Number of votes cast (2002) Number of votes cast (2007) 32263 29960 30138

Education

Type and number of schools

Elementary Community Primary Provincial high school Vocational 120 15 32 0 3

Health

Number and population per officer

Medical officers Nursing officers 0 13 n/a 5007

Economic Activity

Top agricultural activities of citizen households

% engaged Betel nut Coconut Food crops Coffee Livestock 78.5 78.4 74.8 34.2 33.7 %* engaged for cash 15.3 5.1 5.1 32.5 4.0

Number and population per facility

Health centres 7 34 9299 1914

Universal basic education indicators

Net admission rate Gross enrolment rate Net enrolment rate 4.3%b 64.7%b 42.5%b

Aid posts

Infrastructure

Road access

There is a road from Kokoda to Popondetta and other sealed roads serving oil palm concerns. However, there are no other roads linking the rest of the district, and some communities are very isolated from services and markets.

*of total citizen households

Literacy rate

Total 62.7 Male (%) 66.9 Female (%) 58.1

Information

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