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National Incident Management System

An Overview

Konstanty M. "Mike" Kaminski

Incident Management Systems Division (IMSD), National Integration Center

Homeland Security Presidential Directive ­ 5

National Incident Management System (NIMS)

A consistent nationwide approach for all levels of government to work effectively and efficiently together to prepare for and respond to domestic incidents Core set of concepts, principles and terminology for incident command and multi-agency coordination

Homeland Security Presidential Directive ­ 5 (Continued)

Requires all Federal Departments and Agencies to adopt the NIMS and the NRP Requires state and local NIMS compliance as a condition for Federal preparedness assistance

NIMS: Key Concepts

NIMS is based on the premise that the utilization of a common incident management framework will give emergency management/response personnel a flexible yet standardized system for emergency management and incident response activities. NIMS is flexible because the system components can be utilized to develop plans, processes, procedures, agreements, and roles for all types of incidents and is applicable to any incident regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity. Additionally, NIMS provides an organized set of standardized operational structures which is critical in allowing disparate organizations and agencies to work together in a predictable, coordinated manner.

NIMS: Key Concepts

Framework for interoperability and compatibility Flexibility

Consistent, flexible, and adjustable national framework Applicable regardless of incident cause, size, location, or complexity.

Standardization

Standard organizational structures Key to interoperability

Ongoing support: National Integration Center

Overview of NIMS

What NIMS is: A comprehensive, nationwide, systematic approach to incident management, including the Incident Command System, Multiagency Coordination Systems, and Public Information A set of preparedness concepts and principles for all hazards Essential principles for a common operating picture and interoperability of communications and information management Standardized resource management procedures that enable coordination among different jurisdictions or organizations Scalable so it may be used for all incidents (from day-to-day to large-scale) A dynamic system that promotes ongoing management and maintenance What NIMS is NOT: A response plan Only used during Incidents of National Significance A communication plan Only applicable to certain emergency responders Only the Incident Command System or an organizational chart A static system

NIMS Components

Preparedness Communications and Information Management Resource Management Command and Management

Incident Command System Multi-agency Coordination Systems Public Information

Ongoing Management and Maintenance

NIMS Components

Preparedness Involves an integrated combination of planning, training, exercises, personnel qualification and certification standards, equipment acquisition and certification standards, and publications management processes well in advance of any potential incident. This component under NIMS defines standardized mechanisms and establishes requirements for processes to describe, inventory, mobilize, dispatch, track, and recover resources over the cycle of the incident. This component under NIMS identifies the requirement for a standardized framework for communications, information management (collection, analysis, and dissemination), and information-sharing at all levels of incident management. This component of NIMS establishes an activity to provide strategic direction for an oversight of the NIMS, supporting both routine and continuous refinement of the system and its components over the long term along with Supporting Technology.

Resource Management

Communications and Information Management Ongoing Management and Maintenance

Mutual Aid and Assistance Agreements

Mutual aid and assistance agreements are written or oral agreements between and among agencies/organizations and/or jurisdictions that provide a mechanism to quickly obtain emergency assistance in the form of personnel, equipment, materials, and other associated services. The primary objective is to facilitate rapid, short-term deployment of emergency support prior to, during, and/or after an incident.

Mutual Aid ­ A Key Preparedness Element

Resource Management During an Incident

Flow of Resource Requests

Common Operating Picture

A common operating picture is established and maintained by the gathering, collating, synthesizing, and disseminating of incident information to all appropriate parties involved in an incident. Achieving a common operating picture allows on-scene and offscene personnel (e.g., those at the Incident Command Post, an Emergency Operations Center, and within a multiagency coordination group) to have the same information about the incident, including the availability and location of resources, personnel, and the status of requests for assistance.

Common Operating Picture ­ A Key Communication and Information Management Element

NIMS Components

Incident Command System

ICS defines the operating characteristics, interactive management components, and structure of incident management and emergency response organizations engaged throughout the life cycle of an incident.

Multiagency Coordination System

Command and Management

The MACS ties together all the support and coordination structures utilized in an incident. The primary function of the MACS is to support and coordinate incident management policies and priorities.

Public Information

Public Information includes processes and procedures for communicating timely and accurate information to the public during crisis. All levels of government, along with volunteer organizations and private industry, must have the ability to gather public information, verify public information, coordinate public information, and disseminate public information during a disaster.

Management Characteristics of ICS

Common Terminology Incident Action Planning

Modular organization

Management By Objectives

Manageable Span-of-Control

Incident Facilities And Locations

Comprehensive Resource Management

Management Characteristics of ICS

Integrated Communications Unified Command Structure

Establishment and Transfer of Command

Accountability

Dispatch/ Deployment

Chain of Command and Unity of Command

Information and Intelligence Management

ICS Command and General Staff Titles

Incident Commander

Command Staff: The Command Staff provides Information, Safety, and Liaison services for the entire organization.

Safety Officer

Public Information Officer

General Staff: The General Staff are assigned functional authority for Operations, Planning, Logistics, and Finance/Administration.

Liaison Officer

Operations Section Chief

Planning Section Chief

Logistics Section Chief

Finance/Adm Section Chief

Multiagency Coordination Systems

Facilities

Equipment

Personnel

Procedures

Communications

A System . . . Not a Facility

On-Scene Command

Multiagency Coordination

Emergency Ops Centers/ Dispatch Resource Coordination Centers Coordination Groups/Department Operations Centers

Command vs. Coordination

Direct tactical and operational responsibility for conducting incident management activities rests with the Incident Command/Unified Command/Area Command.

Command vs. Coordination

Coordination and Support of Incident Command/Area Command rests with the Emergency Operations Center and other elements of the multi-agency coordination system.

ICS and EOC Issues

Determine "make-up" of Multi-Agency Coordination System for the Incident Establish Clear Line of Communications with Dispatch, EOC, and other elements of the system Establish Direct Line to Chief Elected and Appointed Officials Establish Procedures for the Gathering, Verification, Coordination, and Dissemination of Public Information Establish Procedures for Resource Management

Public Information

The Public Information Officer gathers, verifies, coordinates, and disseminates accurate, accessible, and timely information on the incident's cause, size, and current situation; resources committed; and other matters of general interest for both internal and external use.

NIMS Components

Ongoing Management and Maintenance This component of NIMS establishes an activity to provide strategic direction for an oversight of the NIMS, supporting both routine and continuous refinement of the system and its components over the long term along with Supporting Technology.

The NIC recommends that State and local governments voluntarily adopt the following National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards: NFPA 1600: "Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs," 2007 Edition; and NFPA 1561: "Standard on Emergency Services Incident Management System," 2005 Edition. These standards, if adopted by the jurisdiction, can assist in the implementation of NIMS. For more information about these standards, please visit the NIMS guidance section of the NIC Web site. Other standards may be issued periodically by the NIC and recommended for voluntary adoption.

WHAT'S NEW

A 5-year NIMS training Plan is pending release. Established a working group with DOD on NIMS planning and implementation at the Joint Chief of Staff level. Conducted NIMS Implementation Workshops for the private sector and volunteer organizations based on lessons learned from 2005. Issued credentialing criteria for 99 ICS positions Published guidance on National Credentialing Criteria Published guidance National Resource Typing Criteria EMAC will assist in credentialing and resource typing effort

WHAT'S NEW:

In conjunction with the NIMS Integration Support Center in Kentucky, the NIMS Integration Center is developing: NIMS Compliance Metrics for FY2008 State and Local governments NIMS Emergency Response Field Operating Guide for all first responders NIMS "freeware" database management software to assist State and local governments in the inventorying and typing of resources NIMS Standards review, adoption, and incorporation into "Upgraded" NIMS document and FY07 compliance activities NIMS PIO Sample Annex + SOPs NIMS MACS Sample Guidance

WHAT'S NEW:

5.6 million first responders and disaster workers have completed NIMS training through FEMA (IS-700, IS-800, ICS-100, ICS-200) NIMS Multi-agency Coordination System, NIMS Public Information System, and NIMS Resource Management training available through the EMI Distance Learning program. Training can be completed via the web or downloaded and taught in classroom. NIMS Communication & Information Management, NIMS Preparedness, NIMS Resource Typing, and NIMS Mutual Aid training will be released soon. Pilot testing NIMS ICS Position Specific Training

Partnerships

Mutual Aid · IAFC Intrastate Mutual Aid System · USET Mutual Aid Compact · EMAC Training & Standards · Maryland Fire Rescue Training Institute · Eastern Kentucky University · NEMA Emergency Management Accreditation Program NIMS · National Rural Water Association · Pilot project - Incident Management Teams · Pilot project - Rural Compliance

NIMS & Local Emergency Planning Committees

NIMS must be incorporated into Emergency Operations Plans Any LEPC member with a DIRECT role in emergency response or incident management must complete ICS 100 & 200, IS 700 & 800. DHS does not require LEPC members who do NOT perform specific response or incident management functions to take the courses. Some States/Tribal Nations may impose stricter requirements for LEPCs that receive grants. Check with your SERC or TERC. Agencies that administer the grants, other than DHS, have the responsibility to monitor how their funds are spent.

Summary

Incidents typically begin and end locally and are managed on a daily basis at the lowest possible geographical, organizational, and jurisdictional level. However, there are instances in which successful incident management operations depend on the involvement of multiple jurisdictions, levels of government, functional agencies, and/or emergency responder disciplines. These instances require effective and efficient coordination across this broad spectrum of organizations and activities. NIMS uses a systematic approach to integrate the best existing processes and methods into a unified national framework for incident management. This framework forms the basis for interoperability and compatibility that will, in turn, enable a diverse set of public and private organizations to conduct well-integrated and effective emergency management and incident response operations. It does this through a core set of concepts, principles, procedures, organizational processes, terminology, and standards requirements applicable to a broad community of NIMS users

Questions?

National Integration Center Incident Management Systems Division

NIMS Website Information http://www.fema.gov/emergency/nims Contact the NIC Email: [email protected] Phone: 202-646-3534

Information

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