Read Epoxy R180 book volume 2.PDF text version

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EPOXY SYSTEMS

Volume 1 Version 2

CERTIFIED ISO 9001. Reg. No.158

CONTENTS Page

Introduction Laminating Resin Nuplex ES180 Epoxies R180 Laminating Resin Colour Change ES180 Liquid Intelligenc e ES180 Epoxy Laminating System Vacuum Techniques Sheathing with the use of FGI Epoxy Resin Systems Sheathing ­ Transverse Lay-up Sheathing ­ Longitudinal Lay -up ­ Edged Lapped Laminating & Sheathing Coverage Estimating Epoxy Amounts Hardener Selector, Viscosity, Cure Profile H180 Fast Epoxy Hardener Technical Data Sheet H180 Standard Epoxy Hardener Technical Data Sheet H180 Slow Epoxy Hardener Technical Data Sheet Epoxy Pumps Understanding Adhesion Guidelines for Bonding Epoxy Fillers Use of Fillers in R180 Usage of Fairing Fillers and Hardener Types ­ Guide Adhesive Work Page Filling & Fairing Guide & Application Notes Joiners Glue Epoxy Joiners Glue Technical Data Sheet Surf Set Epoxy Surf Set Curative Technical Data Sheet Wood Preserver Epoxy Wood Preserver Technical Data Sheet Health & Safety Health & Safety Precautions H180 Fast Epoxy Hardener MSDS H180 Standard Epoxy Hardener MSDS H180 Slow Epoxy Hardener MSDS Epoxy Joiners Glue MSDS Epoxy Surf Set Curative MSDS Epoxy Wood Preserver MSDS Storage Additional Storage and Safety Information Trouble Shooting Guide Contacts Glossary of Terms 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 12 13-14 15-16 17-18 19-20 21 22 23-25 26 27 28 29 30-32

33-34 35-36

37 38-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-58 59-64 65-70 71 72 73 74-81

Order Sheet 82 This manual and/or updates can be downloaded from the Nuplex website. www.nuplexcomposites.co.nz

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

2

Introduction

Nuplex Industries Limited is a public listed company operating throughout Australia, New Zealand, China and the Pacific region. The company manufactures and markets resins, polymers and construction materials and offers services for the treatment of special wastes. The Nuplex Performance Chemicals business is the largest producer in Australasia of resins for use by the paint, ink, adhesive, fibre reinforced plastics, gel coats, construction, paper and textile industries. The product types include waterbased polymer dispersions, solvent-based resin solutions, unsaturated polyesters, and epoxy resins and hardeners. Nuplex operates in New Zealand, Australia and Vietnam. The strength of the company lies in the dedication, skill and knowledge of its employees in identifying and meeting the needs of our customers through the application of world-class technology, enhanced by local development and innovation. Nuplex Industries Limited recognises that to establish itself as a world-class international manufacturer, it is necessary to: · Consistently provide customers with environmentally safe products and services that satisfy their expectations. Provide our employees with a safe and healthy environment where all employees are involved, challenged and committed to achieve their maximum potential. Conduct business in a manner, which not only meets with the legal requirements but also, the moral and ethical standards of the societies in which we operate.

·

·

"Nuplex Resins is committed to provide opportunities for growth to industry through the manufacture and supply of quality products, service, leading technology and design solutions".

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

3

Nuplex ES180 Epoxies

The ES180 Epoxy system is manufactured and marketed by Nuplex Industries, Australasia's largest resin producer and supplier to the Composites Industry. Nuplex manufactures one of the widest ranges of polymer resins in the world, (Unsaturated Polyesters and Epoxies to Emulsion Polymers, Polyurethane and Alkyd resins). This mix of resins gives Nuplex a unique perspective on resin technology and manufacturing processes that is unparalleled. The ES180 laminating systems were developed for the production of articles where thin film cure is of particular importance that the manufacturer can be positive that he has a part built to the maximum properties in a wide range of working conditions. Particular emphasis was placed on the overall strength and toughness of the cured system. The high mechanical properties combine well with its low viscosity, which in turn ensures the user of easy wet out even on the most difficult fabrics. The resin is well suited to composite laminating and glass over timber situations. The ES180 Epoxy system is suitable for the usual substrates. A complete range of hardeners are available including the "Surf Set curative" which allows an unsaturated polyester resin to be laminated over the epoxy, this gives the best of both worlds, adhesion to difficult substrates and low cost. This system has also been successfully utilised in the production of low-cost Polystyrene surfboards and also the manufacture of plugs in the production marine industry. As well as the above ES180 Epoxy System has been further improved to provide a unique colour change system. The ES180 epoxy system is available from distributors and Nuplex direct throughout the Pacific. The Nuplex Epoxies have been carefully formulated in our development laboratories to optimise properties for their intended use. Extensive testing and field trials has produced this quality range of composite epoxies. Typical properties, application details and technical information of the ES180 Laminating System are included in this publication:

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

4

Liquid IntelligenceTM R180 Laminating Resin

It should be understood that to achieve the optimisation of the properties of epoxies, correct and thorough mixing of the epoxy resin and hardener must occur. The nature of epoxy laminating resins is such that t ey are of low viscosity and are generally clear. h This combination can, in many cases, lead to incomplete mixing which in turn greatly reduce the overall physical performance of the laminate. In this regard Nuplex has developed a "colour-change" system*. The resin will change from blue to clear on mixing. It is most important to recognise that the colour change indicator does not indicate the correct mix ratio. It identifies that hardener has been added and blended.

Blue Resin (5)

+

Hardener (1)

=

Clear Resin (6)

*Note ­ Mixing should continue after colour change for about 45-60 seconds and scraping of the sides of mixing container should be done to ensure adequate blending, as the indicator may not show how well the product has been mixed. Storing R180 resin exposed to UV light will "fade" colour.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

5

90 80 70 60

°C Temperature 80°C (Post -Cure)

50 40 30 20 10 0 1 Cured Resin Colour 2

25°C (Room Temperature Cure)

Room Temperature cure

> 60 º C Post-cure

+ 80ºC Post-cure

Differences in cure temperatures often mean the performance limits of epoxies are not met. The Liquid IntelligenceTM proprietary technology incorporated into the ES180 and ES300 resin systems enables the fabricator to monitor mixing, cure and post-cure effectiveness. Resin colour will turn from blue to clear on mixing of hardeners Std, Slow and Tropical. Room temperature cured colour will remain clear to light blue. On post cure below 80 ºC the resin will turn red-peach indicating full cure has not been obtained. On heating at or above 80º C the resin will turn blue indicating correct temperatures have been obtained. After completing post-cure any peach-red areas are considered to be 98% cured and further heating should take place to complete the cure. The fast hardener will change from clear to blue on curing at room temperature or above. The Liquid Intelligence TM systems provides an inbuilt quality control function that is unmatched by any other resin system.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

6

ES180 Epoxy Laminating System

ES180 is a low viscosity epoxy system especially developed for the production of articles where thin film cure is of particular importance ­ refer to laminating selection guide. Particular emphasis has been placed on deferral toughness and strength of the cure system. As well as offering good mechanical properties, its low viscosity facilitates wet out of difficult fabrics. Mixing and Handling R180 Resin and H180 Hardeners should be combined in the following ratio ­ Parts by weight 5 1 Parts by volume 5 1

Resin R180 Hardener H180

Quantities mixed to the above ratio will give 15-65 min pot life at 20°C Note: For easy measuring direct from the container, FGI and Nuplex Composites have dispensing pumps calibrated to the above volumetric ratio. Deviating from the specific ratio could seriously impair the strength of the final laminate and should not be done in an attempt to alter the gel time. The resin and hardener should be well stirred ensuring that all materials from the sides and bottom of the container are thoroughly mixed. It should be placed in a shallow container to increase the surface area of the mixture. This will avoid excessive exothermic heat that could shorten the working time. Curing Schedule ES180 has been developed to provide good mechanical properties at a cure temperature between 15°C and 25°C. However, progressive post cure finishing at elevated temperatures (up to 80°C) will not only shorten progressing gel times but will also increase the general toughness of the laminate. A post cure should begin only after an initial 24-hour room temperature cure. Care must be taken to adequately support the laminate during an elevated post cure so as to avoid localised stress. Also temperature control is crucial as the laminate can be blown off the core if the temperature rises too quickly or if it is excessively high. Laminates can be "green trimmed" with a sharp knife lubricated with solvent. The timing of this operation is dependent on the curing schedule but at the recommended working temperatures this will normally be between two and five hours after laminating. Laminates cured for more than 12 hours should be wiped with an Epoxy Solvent prior to further laminating or flow coating. If the laminate is allowed to cure for 48-72 hours at ambient temperatures, the surface should be degreased and lightly sanded before laminating or flow coating takes place. Ambient cured laminates can be released from metal plated FRP moulds with the use of TR-Non Silicone mould wax (TR108) and Plastilease release agent.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

7

Vacuum Techniques

Care should be taken not to expose wet laminates t vacuums of more than half an o atmosphere (500m bar). Higher vacuums may result in lower molecular weight components of the system being extracted i.e. additives used for wet out. Additives Fillers such as our 904, 906, 910 and 911 can be added to form adhesive, filling and fairing compounds. The amount of filler is dependent on the nature of the job. However, care should be taken not to overfill the system as this will result in a very dry mix and will lower the adhesive quality of ES180 to the bonding surface. Use 1:1 ratio by volume for best results. Working Conditions ES180 is affected by the ambient temperature and is therefore important to know the effects of the workshop conditions. The ideal working condition is between 15°C and 25°C. As with all exothermic reactions heat will accelerate the cure. Safety Directions Care must be taken to avoid contact with skin if possible by wearing disposable gloves and barrier cream. Care should be taken to avoid the risk of splashing resin or hardener into the eyes. If this occurs the eye should be immediately well flushed out with running water and medical advice sort. The inhalation of sanding dust should be avoided and in particular care should be taken not to rub the eye area when exposed to sanding dust ­ use eye protection. After a sanding operation of any reasonable size, a shower or bath should be taken which should include hair washing. Overalls and other protective cloths should be worn when sanding and contaminated clothes should be thoroughly cleaned before re-use. Any area of the skin coming in contact with resin and hardener must be thoroughly cleansed. This should be achieved by the use of resin removing creams and followed by washing with soap and water. Do not use solvents on the skin. This cleaning should be routine: · · · · Before eating or drinking Before smoking Before using toilet After finishing work

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

8

Sheathing with the use of FGI Epoxy Resin Systems

The advantage of sheathing wooden boats with epoxy resin increases abrasion resistance, a possible increase in strength and stiffness depending on the type and weight of reinforcement used. It also improves the ability to resist water absorption through the surface. Preparation 1. 2. 3. 4. Remove all previous coatings back to bare timber. Ensure all areas to be sheathed are completely dry and clean and free of rot. Re-fasten any loose or broken fastenings. Fill and fair any voids using ES180 mixed to a paste consistency with Nuplex Filler 910 and final sand with an 80-100 grade sand paper. Refer to following guide. Select the type of reinforcement that suits your requirements. Before sheathing refer to the ES180 Hardener Selector (page 13) for mix ratios and gel-time. Only wet out as much as you can effectively work well within the ES180 gel-time. Start sheathing from the stern to bow this will ensure that over laps will point aft. When glassing has been completed the hull is ready for fairing and finishing. Consult your Technical Representative for appropriate finishing system.

5. 6.

7. 8. 9.

Note: FGI and Nuplex Composites has a complete range of raw material from start to finish for all marine work, as well as all safety and consumable items.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

9

Sheathing ­ Transverse lay-up

Step 1

Prepare hull ­ Sand using 40-60 grit sandpaper. Sheath transom with 50 mm overlap onto hull. Figure 1. Hull

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Step 2

Measure length of sides and cut cloth ensure at least a 50mm overlap on the bottom of the keel. Refer figure 1.

Figure 2. Cloth lay-up

Step 3

Stern

1

2

3

4

5

Bow

Lay cloths in this direction keeping overlap approximately 20-30 mm

Step 4

Lay first panel 1 and staple to hull through a piece of cardboard to hold it in place. Mix appropriate amount of epoxy and hardener (slow or standard) and apply using a nap roller ensuring adequate wet-out of cloth. Remove staples and cardboard and wet-out as above. Continue lay up as described above on panel 2 onwards ensuring an overlap of approximately 20-30mm on each panel as described above (Figure 2). Allow curing to "green stage" and trim. Sand with 100-grit sandpaper for filling and fairing.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

Step 5

10

Sheathing ­ Longitudinal lay up - edged lapped

Step 1

Figure 3

Prepare hull - Sand using 40-60 grit sandpaper. Sheath transom with 50 mm overlap. Centreline ­ overlap cloth by 65 mm

Cut cloth sheets on these lines to ensure line is below chine.

1 2

3 Lay cloth longitudinally and wet out starting from transom forward

Step 2

Measure length of sides and cut cloth ensure at least a 65mm overlap on the transom of the keel and a 40 mm overlap between panels.

Step 3

Lay first panel 1 and staple to hull through a piece of cardboard to hold it in place. Mix appropriate amount of epoxy and hardener (slow or standard) and apply using a nap roller ensuring adequate wet-out of cloth. Remove staples and cardboard then wet-out area beneath. Continue lay up as described above on panel 2 onwards ensuring an overlap of approximately 30-40mm on each panel as described above (Figure 3). Allow curing to "green stage" and trim. Repeat for other side. Sand with 100grit sandpaper for filling and fairing.

Step 4

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

11

Laminating & Sheathing Coverage

Coverage Epoxy Resin 40

35

g/m²

100 200 300

30

25 Epoxy kg

20

400 500 600

15

700 800

10

5

0 0m2 5m2 10m2 15m2 20m2

Estimating Epoxy Amounts To estimate the amount of mixed epoxy needed use above graph or use the following formula: Litres of mixed epoxy = A x [ (Wg x 0.00085)+0.0070 ]

(approximation)

Where: A = Total area covered by fibreglass (m²) Wg = Total weight (W) per metre² of cloth (g) used in the laminate Hydration All room temperature cure hardening epoxies are susceptible to surface hydration to some degree. This hydration is soft and has to be removed, as it can cause a number of problems: adhesion quality of subsequent epoxy applications, interference with paint drying, paint "bleed" and difficulty sanding. Washing with water is effective for blush removal, but wet sanding is far more efficient for larger areas. Solvents should be limited due to their hazardous nature. Water improves cutting performance by flushing cut material from the surface that can come between the abrasive surface and the substrate. In addition, water doesn't clog the paper and wet sanding virtually eliminates airborne dust. This reduces exposure to partially cured epoxy dust and is safer from a healthy and safety standpoint.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

12

Hardener Selector

120 100 80 Minutes 60 40 20 0 15 Celcius 20 Celcius 25 Celcius Slow 120 74 50 Standard 55 40 30 Fast 45 30 20

ES180 Gel time 100grams - Tecam

Hardener Viscosity

2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1 ES180

Degrees Celsius

10 15 20 25 30

Viscosity of mixed resin and hardener at temperature range 10-30 º C

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

13

1400 1200 1000 800 Mpa 600 400 200 0 Elastic Modulus Compressive Stress Slow 1340 83 Standard 1300 86 Fast 1300 86

Compressive Stress and Elastic Modulus

Cure Profile H180

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 Minutes

Celcius

Std Slow

40g in test tube

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

14

H180 FAST EPOXY HARDENER

Description:

v Amine adduct for use with R180 Epoxy Resin for laminating systems.

Application Data:

Specific Gravity Amine Eqv wt H Colour(Gardener) Min application 0.975Kg/litre 38 7 max 15°C 550 micron, wet film build

Specification:

Viscosity 20°C Mixing ratio Wt or Vol Pot life 100 gram 20°C 1000-200cps 100 parts R180 to 20 parts H180 Fast 15-20 minutes

s

Typical Properties:

100 parts R180: 20 parts H180F by weight Flexural properties ASTM D695-91 80mm span: Elastic Modulus Tangent Elastic Modulus Modulus of Rupture Compression to ASTM D695-91 Elastic Modulus Compressive Stress Yield Offset Offset Yield % 14 days @ 20°C 3000 Mpa 90 Mpa

f

1300 Mpa 86 Mpa 79 Mpa 6.2%

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

15

H.D.T. ASTM D695 91 Expansion ASTM D696mm/mm/°C Glass Transition temp (TG) Expansion past TG mm/mm/°C

Ambient 49°C 90x10 52°C

+4 hr @ 80°C 58°C 60x10 59°C 180x10

Precautions:

f

High atmospheric humidity or drops in temperature around dew point may result in condensation on the uncured film causing changes in the film surface as a result of hydration. This effect may cause less of intercoat adhesion. In these conditions good adhesion may be obtained by re-roughening the surface.

Important Note:

The specifications listed above are given to the best of our knowledge, however without any warranty expressed or implied. The specification is subject to change without notice. QUALITY CONTROL REPORTS are available for each batch for actual results. Consult MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET for handling of material.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

16

H180 STANDARD EPOXY HARDENER

Description:

v Amine adduct for use with R180 Epoxy Resin for laminating systems.

Application Data:

Specific Gravity Amine Eqv wt H Colour (Gardener) Min application 0.94Kg/litre 38 5 max. 15°C 550 micron, wet film build

Specification:

Viscosity 20°C Mixing ratio Wt or Vol Pot life 100 gram 20°C 100-300cps 100 parts R180 to 20 parts H180 20-30 minutes

Typical Properties: f

100 parts R180: 20 parts H180 by weight Flexural properties ASTM D790-90 80mm span: 2mm/min Tangent Elastic Modulus Modulus of Rupture Compression to ASTM D695-91 Elastic Modulus Compressive Stress Yield % Offset Yield Offset Yield % 14 days @ 20°C 3000 Mpa 93 Mpa

1340 Mpa 86 Mpa 7.4% 79 Mpa 6.1%

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

17

H.D.T. ASTM D684 1820 Kpa Expansion ASTM D696mm/mm/°C Glass Transition (TG) Expansion past TG mm/mm/°C

Ambient 46°C 90x10 33°C

+4 hr @ 80°C 56°C 60x10 52°C 120x10

Precautions:

High atmospheric humidity or drops in temperature around dew point may result in condensation on the uncured film causing changes in the film surface as a result of hydration. This effect may cause loss of intercoat adhesion. In these conditions good adhesion may be obtained by re-roughening the surface.

Important Note:

The specifications listed above are given to the best of our knowledge, however without any warranty expressed or implied. The specification is subject to change without notice. QUALITY CONTROL REPORT is available for each batch for actual results. Consult MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET for handling of material.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

18

H180 SLOW EPOXY HARDENER

Description:

v Amine adduct for use with R180 Epoxy Resin for laminating systems.

Application Data:

Specific Gravity Amine Eqv wt H Colour (Gardener) Min application 0.95Kg/litre 38 5 maximum 20°C 550 micron, Wet film build

Specification:

Viscosity 20°C Mixing ratio Wt or Vol Pot life 100 gram 20°C 50-100cps 100 parts R180 to 20 parts H180 slow 30-50 minutes

s

Typical Properties:

100 parts R180: 20 parts H180S by weight Flexural properties ASTM D790-90 80mm Span 2mm/min Tangent Elastic Modulus Modulus of Rupture Compression to ASTM D695-91 Elastic Modulus Compressive Stress Yield% Offset Yield Offset Yield % 14 days @ 20°C 2900 Mpa 88 Mpa

f

1300 Mpa 83 Mpa 7.3% 74 Mpa 6.0%

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

19

H.D.T. ASTM D618 1820 Kpa Expansion ASTM D696mm/mm/°C Glass Transition (TG) Expansion past TG mm/mm/°C

Ambient 45°C 90x10 35°C

+4 hr @ 80°C 54°C 60x10 49°C 140x10

Precautions:

f

High atmospheric humidity or drops in temperature around dew point may result in condensation on the uncured film causing changes in the film surface as a result of hydration. This may cause loss of intercoat adhesion. In these conditions good adhesion may be obtained by roughening the surface.

Important Note:

k

The specifications listed above is given to the best of our knowledge, however without any warranty expressed or implied. The specification is subject to change without notice. QUALITY CONTROL REPORT is available for each batch for actual results. Consult MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET for handling of material.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

20

INSTRUCTIONS FOR CORRECT USE OF ES 180 EPOXY SYSTEM PUMPS

The epoxy dispensing pumps are composed of calibrated plunger units designed to provide the correct mixing ratio for each individual pack size. The resin pump delivers five times the volume of the hardener pump. PRIMING Each pump should be depressed a few times to ensure all air is removed and only resin or hardener is dispensed. The viscosity of each solution varies so it is important that the pumps are allowed to recharge before depressing to ensure correct ratios are obtained. CARE AND USE OF PUMPS Full strokes of the pump are required to ensure accurate levels are obtained; remembering for each stroke of the resin one stroke of the hardener is required. In low temperatures the pumps should be treated with more care as the viscosity of the resin will be higher and damage to the pump could occur. Do not use part strokes. The pumps are moulded from plastics which have excellent resistant to the ES180 system. We do not recommend reuse of the pumps or cleaning with solvent. If the material is stored for prolonged periods of time it may be necessary to wash the pump in hot soapy water and allow to fully dry before re-use. As each kit can be purchased with its own pump set it is not necessary to keep the pumps. This ensures that with each ES180 kit purchased a clean working calibrated pump set is available. The ES180 System pumps are very reliable, however in large production facilities is suggested that the pumps are periodically calibrated or the resin and hardener is weighed ­ Nuplex Composites and FGI have scales that can be used for accurate weighing ­ refer to your representative.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

21

Understanding Adhesion

Adhesion is the bonding force at the contact surfaces of two materials. Physical forces of attraction and absorption have the greatest significance in bonding. The strength of these intermolecular forces is considerably lower if the adhesive material does not come in intimate contact with bonding sites due to the relative surface roughness of mechanically treated surfaces. This is why the adhesive must penetrate right into the surface roughness and wet the complete surface. The strength of the adhesive force thus depends on both the wetting of the surface (to achieve the fullest intermolecular exchange) and the adhesion properties of the surface. At a given surface tension of the adhesive, wetting depends on the surface energy of the substrate and the viscosity of the adhesive. Wetting can also be reduced if surface contaminants are present such as wax, oil or water.

UNWETTED

WETTED

Adhesive surface compatibility test Surface preparations can be evaluated with this test. Several drops of pure water are applied to the cleaned or sanded surfaces. On an inadequately cleaned surface, the spherical form of the drop is largely retained, and the surface must be cleaned once more. If the water runs on the treated surface, then wetting has been satisfactory; the bond face is sufficiently clean. This test is limited because of the variation in water hardness that may affect surface tension. In some cases even distilled water does not produce reliable results with this test. Therefore in critical applications, surface tension fluids, which are available with defined surface tensions, are recommended. Note that the test only covers wet-ability and does not cover adhesive bonding capability. It is stressed that without good wetability adhesive bonding will be reduced.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

22

Guidelines for Bonding

The main requirements for good bonding or gluing centre on good surface preparation, correct proportions and mixing of resin, hardener and fillers and the design of the joint to be bonded. As well as this temperature and minimum cramping times also play an important role. The following information is to provide a basic guide to ensure efficient bonding occurs. 1. Surface condition

Timber ­ ensure the timber is clean and dry and well seasoned to check for this refer to "Understanding Adhesion" in the ES180 manual. Sand the surface at about 30º to the grain in both directions with a medium to coarse abrasive paper (not glass). 40-60 grit paper is satisfactory. Resinous or gluey timber can be treated with a 3% caustic solution wash with water and air dried before use. If in doubt contact our technical service department. Composite glass fibre laminates with gel coat. ­ Lightly sand (180-220 grit) to remove gloss and degrease surface. When applying to flow coat use coarse sand paper to remove wax layer and degrease surface. Composite glass fibre laminates without gel coat. ­ Some resin systems do not fully cure on the air surface due to inhibition ­ it is important to fully remove this layer prior to bonding ­ light disc grinding (150 grit) is the preferred and easiest method. Ensure all dust is removed and the surface is degreased. Other surfaces ­ Refer to our technical service department. 2. Selection of hardener and filler type

Hardener Selector

ES180 + Filler 100-250mls 250-500mls 500-600mls >600gmls

10°-15° C H180 Fast H180 Fast H180 Standard H180 Slow

16°­20°C H180 Fast H180 Standard H180 Standard H180 Slow/Tropical

21°­25°C H180 Fast H180 Standard H180 Slow/Tropical H180 Slow/Tropical

25°­32°C H180 Standard H180 Slow/Tropical H180 Slow/Tropical H180 Slow/Tropical

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

23

Filler Selector (Refer page 26) 3. Temperature

As a general guide for application temperatures below 15 ºC and above 5ºC use H180 Fast hardener and increase cramping time by 4 hours for every 2 ºC drop in temperature below 15ºC. i.e. For 15 ºC cramp for a minimum of 6 hours and for 10ºC ambient temperature cramping time should be extended to 12 hours minimum. Use Tropical Hardener for bonding in temperatures > 28 ºC. 4. Weighing or dispensing and mixing

Mix R180 resin and chosen hardener in a straight-sided container. Mix ratio is 5:1 resin to hardener by weight or volume ­ ensure accurate weighing or measuring is used and blend well stirring slowly and thoroughly. The resin will change on mixing from blue to clear (be sure to scrape sides and bottom of container). Add equal parts of selected filler 904/906 to equal parts of resin. Blend well until the colour changes from the natural state to either blue or green (depending on filler type). The adhesive mix is now ready to use. Dispensing using ES180 pump kits The epoxy dispensing pumps are composed of calibrated plunger units designed to provide the correct mixing ratio for each individual pack size. The resin pump delivers five times the volume of the hardener pump. Each pump should be depressed a few times to ensure all air is removed and only resin or hardener is dispensed. The viscosity of each solution varies so it is important that the pumps are allowed to recharge before depressing to ensure correct ratios are obtained. Full strokes of the pump are required to ensure accurate levels are obtained; remembering for each stroke of the resin one stroke of the hardener is required. In low temperatures the pumps should be treated with more care as the viscosity of the resin will be higher and damage to the pump could occur .

5.

Joint design.

Do not starve the joint by excessive pressure during assembly and curing and ensure mixing of resin and fillers are correct.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

24

Typical Joint Designs

Sheer Stress

Tensile Stress

Peel Stress

(Weakest joint design)

Original area

bond

Filleted surface increases bond area

Filleted

Cleavage Stress

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

25

Epoxy Fillers Description

ES180 Fillers have been blended to be used in the formulating of this Epoxy System. These are available in 1 litre and 4 litre plastic containers and 20 litre bags. The colour of the product will develop when mixed properly with ES180 Epoxy Resin. This filler system can also be used with Nuplex Polyesters. If using with other epoxies or polyesters we recommend thorough testing prior to application.

Filler choice is as follows: Finishing Fairing Filler Performance Fairing Filler Adhesive Filler Performance Adhesive Filler

Adhesive

910 White ­ Light weight filler blend 911 Red ­ Micro fibre blend 906 Green ­ Micro fibre/adhesive blend 904 Blue ­ Adhesive blend

Fairing

904 Maximum Adhesive General Bonding Veneering/Bulk Fill Fairing & Sanding

906

911

910

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

26

Use of Fillers in R180 Adhesive Mixes

Starting Point Formulations for additions to 1.0 litre of ES180 (mixed)

Litres to 1 litre Description of Mix mixed resin & hardener Finishing Fairing 1 litre Fairing 1 litre High Strength 1 litre Maximum Strength 1 litre

Filler 910 911 906 904

Code 6EFLWF 6EFPF 6EFA 6EFPA

Above filler additions are approximations only and should be adjusted by the user to achieve their desired consistency. Use 906 for load bearing adhesive joints and 904 for impact resistant joints. For critical bonding it is recommended to use our specially formulated adhesives. As can be seen the filler mix of 1 litre of mixed resin to 1 litre of filler will give desired properties for each product. Fillers should be mixed until full colour development of the filler occurs (see below).

910

911

906

904

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

27

Usage of Fairing Fillers and Hardener Types ­ Guide

Coverage for Fairing (at approx. 1mm thickness) Area to be Covered m² 5 10 20 50 Litres of ES180 Mixed 2.5 5.0 10.0 25.0 Litres of Filler 911 2.5 5.0 10.0 25.0

ES180 + Filler 100-250mls 250-500mls 500-600mls >600gmls

10°-15° C H180 Fast H180 Fast H180 Standard H180 Slow

16°­20°C H180 Fast H180 Standard H180 Standard H180 Slow/Tropical

21°­25°C H180 Fast H180 Standard H180 Slow/Tropical H180 Slow/Tropical

25°­32°C H180 Standard H180 Slow/Tropical H180 Slow/Tropical H180 Slow/Tropical

Photos courtesy of TDL Marine- Auckland NZ

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

28

®

Adhesive Work Page

(Use this page to keep track of your formula mix) Quantity of ES180 used ........................... kg (ensure resin to hardener is kept at 5:1)

Description of Mix

Finishing Fairing Fairing High Strength Maximum Strength

910

911

906

904

www.nuplexcomposites.co.nz

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

29

Filling and Fairing Guide and Application Notes

Filling and fairing is essential to ensure a hull offers the least resistance when moving through the water. This guide offers one procedure to assist those in the craft or for the novice. Prepare the surface before beginning ensuring sanding (40-60 grit) has taken place and no contamination is present. This procedure may be used on Wood or Composite hulls. For further technical information contact your representative or our technical department. Material requirements ­ R180 resin and H180 hardener (std, slow or tropical). 906, 911 and 910 fillers, chalk, battens and cling wrap. Refer to Fairing Coverage Chart and Hardener Selector. This system uses wooden fairing battens of various lengths and stiffness. Battens fore and aft should be approximately half the length of the hull with the transverse battens being more flexible for the tighter curves. A wedge with a 1mm ­12 mm scale needs to constructed (see below).

80mm

12mm

12mm 120m m

1mm

Mark out hull with a chalk line, in a grid pattern as described below at approximately 200 ­250 mm intervals

250 mm spaced and marked with chalk

Step 1

Transverse

Point marks for filler depth spotting

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

30

Cross-sectional views

Step 2

Batten

HULL

Slide tapered wedge between batten and hull and record depth with a marker or chalk on the hull

Chalk marks (250mm spaced)

Step 3

906 1:1

Mix ES180 epoxy blended with 906 filler to areas previously marked and place plastic "cling-wrap" over epoxy. (Ensure colour develops from white to green before applying).

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

31

Step 4

Apply pressure and bend to contour of hull

Batten

Immediately (or before epoxy blend hardens) replace batten over epoxy and gently push down. Remove batten and cling wrap ­ measure depth correctness.

Step 5

910 Finishing Fairing 906 Adhesive

SECTION

HULL

911 1:1

911 Fairing 910 1:1

Mix and apply 911 fairing filler and ES180 resin ­ cure, sand and recheck fairness of the surface ­ apply 910 finishing fairing filler and ES180 resin and sand to a 420 grit finish or suitable grit depending on the desired finish. Prime and paint as required.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

32

Epoxy Joiners Glue

Description:

Epoxy Joiners Glue is a medium viscosity adhesive with a simple to use mix ratio of one to one by volume ratio, which has excellent bonding ability to many materials used by joiners, from cabinetry to boat building. The adhesive has a 30-50 minute working time in the pot and a 24-hour full cure time at ambient temperature. Adding more filler can thicken the viscosity. This will help prevent draining or for filleting, cover or gap filling, however these may affect the bond strength and quality of the adhesive so we recommend that you test before proceeding.

Uses:

Epoxy Joiners Glue has many useful places in cabinet and boat building work. The adhesive has a medium viscosity and is ideal for veneer facing work and fine joinery where fine glue lines are required with high strength. Also in the planking of cold moulded or strip plank construction of boats it is ideal. The glue lines dry to a light brown colour. Excess glue squeezed out can be first scraped off and then cleaned off with a rag soaked in solvent such as M.E.K or Acetone. Take care to avoid direct contact with skin and wear a respirator in confined spaces. Epoxy joiners glue can be used with the full range of Epoxy fillers to modify the characteristics. (906 and 904 produce thicker adhesive pastes).

Properties:

Mix Ratio (by weight) Mix Ratio (by volume) Viscosity @ 15°C (cp) Viscosity @ 20°C (cp) Viscosity @ 25°C (cp) Viscosity @ 30°C (cp) Shelf life (months) Colour Mixed (Gardener) Mixed density (g/m³) 100:80 1:1 5,000 3,200 1,850 1,200 24 4 106

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

33

Hazard Definition

Part A: Part B:

Non-hazardous Non-hazardous

Cured Properties:

Tg HTD at ambient Cured density Linear shrinkage Cleavage strength Shear strength 55°C 45°C (Post curing will improve properties) 106g/m 1.6% 6.30kN 20Mpa

Safety:

Avoid direct contact with skin; wear gloves and safety glasses when mixing and handling. Avoid breathing in dust and wear respirator when working in confined spaces. Wash up with non-hazardous cleaners such as Paint Eliminator. Please read Material Safety Data Sheet.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

34

Epoxy Surf Set Curative

Description:

Epoxy Surf Set Curative is a hardener to be used in conjunction with R180 epoxy resin for the laminating of surf craft made from polystyrene foam. The product is a low viscosity-curing agent providing fast cure of laminates.

Features:

The system, once cured, allows polyester resin to be laminated over the top. This will bond to the epoxy laminate reducing the cost in finishing of craft. Also the stabilisers in the polyester surfboard resins will help to prolong the life of the finished article. This unique system is also useful where a sealer coat over polystyrene is required enabling a polyester laminate or fill to be used. Any structural laminates should be first tested before commencing production of parts.

Specification:

Viscosity 20°C Pot life 100g 400-800 Cps 30-50 mins

Application Data:

Mixing Ratio Mixed Viscosity Min Application Dry Time (BK) 3:1 v/v 100:30 w/w 1,100 cps 10°C 100 micron DFB 100 micron 3 hr

Typical Results: Cured 14 days @ 20°C:

Flexural properties ASTRM D790-90 Modulus 2900 Mpa Strength 90 Mpa Break 6mm/80mm span Compressive to ASTM D695-91 Modulus 1000 Mpa Strength 80 Mpa Yield 8%

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

35

Precautions:

High humidity or drops in temperatures around dew point may result in condensation on the uncured film causing changes in the surface of hydration. This effect may cause loss of inter-coat adhesion. In these conditions good adhesion may be obtained by reroughening the surface.

Safety:

Care should be taken when mixing and handling of the resin and hardener. Safety goggle, barrier cream, latex gloves and fume and odour masks should be used at all times. Avoid contact with skin. For further information contact your local FGI or Nuplex Composites office.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

36

Epoxy Wood Preserver

Description:

Epoxy Wood Preserver is designed to penetrate timbers and plywood to seal and prevent the growth of fungus and bacteria, preventing decay such as dry rot. The product is a simple 1:1 mix ratio by weight or volume. The product does not require thinning, as it is extremely low in viscosity allowing excellent penetration. The product will dry rapidly once applied but will remain liquid in the pot for long periods of time up to 6-9 hours. The degree to which timbers may be penetrated is dependant upon the amount of epoxy resin that can be introduced. Any impregnating solution penetrates wood deeper in the direction of the grain than at right angles to it. As a general rule penetration should be 12 mm in the first instance and 0.5-1 mm in the latter. Care should be taken to ensure that the timber is air dry, as high moisture content may prevent penetration by the penetrating epoxy mix and could also impair curing of the mix. Sanding with coarse grit sandpaper (>320g) will assist with penetration. This product is compatible with FGI Epoxy systems and can be laminated over once dry. The product is non-staining and can be varnished over or epoxy coated to show off features in wood types or bright work, however we recommend that you test a sample piece first to make sure you are happy with the finish. Epoxy Wood Preserver can aid in the repair of areas of dry rot or fungal rot by penetrating into the end grain and killing off the spurs inside. This product will not oxidize once applied. It is recommended to reapply wood preserver to areas that have been stripped back and sanded for maintenance. Safety equipment such as rubber gloves, goggles, barrier cream and fume and odour masks should be used during use. Make sure you have adequate ventilation in confined spaces.

Safety Precautions:

Care should be taken when mixing and handling of the resin and hardener. Safety goggles, barrier cream, latex gloves and fume and odour masks should be used at all times. Avoid contact with skin.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

37

Health and Safety Precautions

Material Safety Data Sheets on all Nuplex Epoxy Products are available from FGI and Nuplex Composites to help customers meet any handling, application and disposal needs and other statutory requirements. Because of a wide variety of materials used throughout our epoxy product range the following is a general guide only. HEALTH HAZARDS Consult the Individual Material Safety Data Sheets before handling any chemical product.

LIQUID EPOXY RESINS Epoxy resins are not acutely irritating to the skin. However they are capable of causing skin sensitisation. This various from person to person. The FGI epoxies are considered to be milder than other amine­ type curing agents and epoxy functional reactive diluents. In general, trained workers should handle resin systems so that all human contact is minimised and with ventilation that is sufficient to remove all vapour from the point of use. Refer to Individual MSDS's. Inhalation Vapour inhalation with most resins is considered not a problem unless the resins are heated. Some resins may contain solvents hence vapour inhalation should be avoided and good ventilation should be supplied. Eye Contact and Ingestion All liquid resins are considered low in acute toxicity. Some exceptions may apply-- consult individual MSDS's. Eye contact should be avoided. In event of eye contact, the eye should be flushed with plenty of water and seek qualified medical advice. CURING AGENTS Curing agents can be hazardous to health. The majority of our curing agents are distinctly less hazardous than many other epoxy curing agents and because no general statement can be made to the individual hazards it is recommended that you consult individual MSDS's prior to handling or use. The H180/H300 curing agents are considered to present a lower degree of health hazard to other aliphatic amine and anhydride - type materials.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

38

FILLERS Fillers vary in degree of their hazards; some such as talc are considered essentially nonhazardous. Others such as fumed silica and lightweight spheres represent some hazards from dust inhalation. Consult individual MSDS's.

CURED RESINS Resins that are completely cured are considered toxicologically inert. They present no health problems from handling, however dust from sanding etc may be an inha lation hazard. Wear appropriate safety equipment.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

39

Material Safety Data Sheet

EPOXY HARD H180 FAST

Classified as hazardous according to criteria of NOHSC

COMPANY DETAILS

Company Name FGI, division of Nuplex Industries (Aust) Pty Ltd. (ABN 25 000 045 572) Address 49-61 Stephen Road BOTANY

NSW 2019 Emergency Tel. 1800 033 111 Tel/Fax Tel: (02) 9666 0331 Fax: (02) 9666 6661 Other NEW ZEALAND: Nuplex Industries Ltd. 12 Industry Road, Penrose, Auckland Information Phone: (09) 579 2029 Fax: (09) 525 1618 Emergency Advice (NZ): Phone: 0800 734 607

IDENTIFICATION

Product Code Product Name Proper Shipping Name Other Names UN Number DG Class Packing Group Hazchem Code Poisons Schedule Product Use

F22183 EPOXY HARD H180 FAST CORROSIVE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S. - (Mixed aliphatic and alicyclic amines 90% min) Not Available 1760 8 III 2X S5 Curing agent for epoxy resins.

Physical Data

Appearance Boiling Point Vapour Pressure Specific Gravity Flash Point Flamm. Limit LEL Solubility in Water

Clear amber liquid. Not determined. Not determined. 0.97-1.00 (H20 = 1) 112°C, Pensky Martens Closed Cup. Not determined. Insoluble.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

40

Other Properties

Odour Form Stability Haz. Polymerisation Materials to Avoid

Slight ammoniacal. Liquid Stable. Will not occur. Epoxies, strong acids, oxidising agents.

Ingredients

Ingredients Name Formaldehyde polymer TRIETHYLENE TETRAMINE Isophorone diamine 1,5-pentanediamine, 2-methyl CAS 32610-77-8 112-24-3 2855-13-2 15520-10-2 Proportion 30-50 % 15-30 % 15-30 % 5-15 %

HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Health Effects

Acute Swallowed Acute - Eye Acute - Skin

Toxic. Will cause severe irritation and burns to the digestive tract. Will cause severe eye irritation and corneal injury, which may be permanent. Will cause severe irritation and burns, which may be delayed in onset. Can be absorbed through the skin, with consequent toxic effects. May cause sensitisation by skin contact. Acute - Inhaled Not expected to be an inhalation hazard due to the low vapour pressures of the components at ambient temperatures.

Route(s) of Entry Chronic

Can be absorbed through the skin, with consequent toxic effects. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of vapour may affect the central nervous system. Prolonged skin contact will cause severe irritation, and burns. Can be absorbed through the skin, with consequent toxic effects.

First Aid

Swallowed Eye Skin

DO NOT induce vomiting. Give glass of water. Seek immediate medical attention and/or transport to a hospital promptly. Hold eyes open and wash thoroughly with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Seek immediate medical attention. Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. DO NOT use solvents to remove product from skin. Remove contaminated clothing immediately. Wash clothing thoroughly before re use. Discard contaminated footwear. Seek immediate medical attention.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

41

Inhaled

Using proper respiratory protection, immediately remove the affected person from exposure. Administer artificial respiration if breathing is stopped. Keep at rest. Seek immediate medical assistance. Eye wash fountains and safety showers should be easily accessible.

First Aid Facilities

Advice to Doctor

Advice to Doctor

This formulation is corrosive to tissue. Can be absorbed through the skin, with consequent toxic effects. If the product comes in contact with the eyes, check for corneal injury. If the skin is burnt, suggest treatment as a thermal burn after decontamination. Human effects have not been established for this product. Effects may be delayed. No specific antidote. Treat symptomatically.

Other Health Hazard Information

Entry Route(s) Can be absorbed through the skin, with consequent toxic effects. Sensitisation of Product May cause sensitisation by skin contact.

PRECAUTIONS FOR USE

Exposure Limits Name STEL (mgm3) STEL (ppm) TWA (mgm3) TWA (ppm) FootNote

Other Exposure Standards for Atmospheric Contaminants in the Occupational Exposure Info. Environment not established for product or other ingredients. Eng. Controls Provide general and/or local exhaust ventilation, depending on type of operations, to control

airborne exposures.

Personal Protection

Respirator Type (AS 1716) Eye Protection Glove Type Clothing Footwear

Where concentrations in air may exceed the recommended exposure limits, or work practice or other means of exposure reduction are not adequate, approved respirator will be necessary to prevent overexposure by inhalation. Chemical goggles. Use face shield if there is risk of splashing. Chemical resistant gloves. Long-sleeved overalls. Use apron if there is risk of splashing. Safety boots.

Flammability

Fire Hazards

Combustible Liquid, Class C1.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

42

SAFE HANDLING INFORMATION

Storage and Transport

Storage Precautions Handling Special Shipping Information Proper Shipping Name EPG Number IERG Number Packaging Method

Store in a cool place away from heat and ignition sources. Keep partially used product containers closed. Store away from foodstuffs, clothing and keep out of reach of children. Toxic, contains phenol.

IMDG 8. CORROSIVE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S. - (Mixed aliphatic and alicyclic amines 90% min, Phenol 5-10%) 8C3 37 5.9.8

Spills and Disposal

Spills & Disposal

Extinguish or remove all sources of ignition. Clear area of all unprotected personnel. Wear appropriate protection equipment. Do not contaminate streams, rivers or water courses. Do not flush drains or sewers. Inform local authority if liquid enters drains, sewers, streams etc. Shut off sources of leak if safe to do so. Dike and contain spill with sand or earth. MINOR: Absorb the liquid with sand, earth or other inert absorbent. Place used absorbent in suitable, sealable, labelled containers. Keep away from heat, naked flame or sparks. MAJOR: Take up liquid with vacuum truck or absorb with sand, earth or other inert absorbent. Place used absorbent in suitable, sealable, labelled containers. Keep away from heat, naked flame or sparks. Burn in an adequate incinerator or bury in an approved landfill. Dispose of in accordance with Local, State and Federal regulations.

Disposal

Fire/Explosion Hazard

Fire/Explos. Hazard Drums may rupture when exposed to fire conditions. Hazardous Decomposition or ByAmmonia, volatile amines, phenolics, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, products smoke and fumes. Fire Fighting Procedures Wear full body protective clothing, and self-contained breathing apparatus. Fire Fighting Precautions Water spray may be used to keep fire exposed containers cool. Extinguishing Foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. Media

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

43

Hazchem Code

2X

OTHER INFORMATION

Environment Avoid contaminating waterways. Protection Risk R34 Causes burns. R41 Risk of serious damage to eyes. Statement

Safety Statement

Pkg. & Labelling Hazard Category

R43 May cause sensitisation by skin contact. R24/25 Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed. S2 Keep out of reach of children. S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S28 After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of S38 If insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. S44 If you feel unwell, contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre immediately (show the label where possible). S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. Class 8, subclass 6 labels in accordance with the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods, including Schedule 6 Poison require ments. Toxic, Corrosive

CONTACT POINT

Contact

For further information ask for: Manager Chemicals' Handling Compliance Phone: (02) 9666 0331. For specialist advice in emergencies: Australia 1800 033 111; New Zealand 0800 734 607. Nuplex Industries make no representation as to the completeness and accuracy of the data contained in this data sheet. It is the user's obligation to evaluate and use this product safely, and to comply with all relevant Federal, State and Local Government laws and regulations. Nuplex Industries shall not be responsible for loss, damage or injury resulting from reliance upon or failure to adhere to any recommendations or information contained herein, from abnormal use of the material, or from any hazard inherent in the nature of the material.

End of MSDS

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

44

Material Safety Data Sheet

EPOXY HARDENER H180 STD

Classified as hazardous according to criteria of NOHSC

COMPANY DETAILS

Company Name FGI, division of Nuplex Industries (Aust) Pty Ltd. (ABN 25 000 045 572) Address 49-61 Stephen Road BOTANY

NSW 2019 Emergency Tel. 1800 033 111 Tel/Fax Tel: (02) 9666 0331 Fax: (02) 9666 6661 Information NEW ZEALAND: Nuplex Industries Ltd. 12 Industry Road, Penrose, Auckland Phone: (09) 579 2029 Fax: (09) 525 1618 Emergency Advice (NZ): Phone: 0800 734 607

IDENTIFICATION

Product Code Product Name Proper Shipping Name Other Names UN Number DG Class Packing Group Hazchem Code Poisons Schedule Product Use

F22180 EPOXY HARDENER H180 STD CORROSIVE LIQUID, N.O.S. - (Mixed aliphatic and alicyclic amines)

Name EPOXY HARDENER H180

1760 8 III 2X S5 Curing agent for epoxy resins.

Product Code F90714

Physical Data

Appearance Boiling Point Vapour Pressure Specific Gravity Flash Point Flamm. Limit LEL Solubility in Water

Clear amber liquid. Not determined. Not determined. 0.97-1.00 (H20 = 1) 112°C, Pensky Martens Closed Cup. Not determined. Insoluble.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

45

Other Properties

Odour Form Stability Hazardous Polymerisation Materials to Avoid

Slight ammoniacal. Liquid Stable. Will not occur. Epoxies, strong acids, oxidising agents.

Ingredients

Ingredients Name Isophorone diamine TRIETHYLENE TETRAMINE 1,5-pentanediamine, 2-methyl Nonyl phenol CAS 2855-13-2 112-24-3 15520-10-2 84852-15-3 Proportion 40-60 % 15-30 % 15-30 % 0-5 %

HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Health Effects

Acute Swallowed Acute - Eye Acute - Skin Acute - Inhaled Chronic

May cause severe irritation and burns to the digestive tract, but single -dose toxicity expected to be low. May cause severe eye irritation and corneal injury, which may be permanent. May cause severe irritation and possibly burns. May cause sensitisation by skin contact. Not expected to be an inhalation hazard due to the low vapour pressures of the components at ambient temperatures. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of vapour may affect the central nervous system. Prolonged skin contact will cause severe irritation, and burns.

First Aid

Swallowed Eye

DO NOT induce vomiting. Give glass of water. Seek immediate medical attention and/or transport to a hospital promptly. Hold eyes open and wash thoroughly with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Seek immediate medical attention. Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. DO NOT use solvents to remove product from skin. Remove contaminated clothing immediately. Wash clothing thoroughly before re-use. Discard contaminated footwear. Seek immediate medical attention.

Skin

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

46

Inhaled

Using proper respiratory protection, immediately remove the affected person from exposure. Administer artificial respiration if breathing is stopped. Keep at rest. Seek immediate medical assistance.

First Aid Facilities

Eye wash fountains and safety showers should be easily accessible.

Advice to Doctor

Advice to Doctor

This formulation is corrosive to tissue. If the product comes in contact with the eyes, check for corneal injury. If the skin is burnt, suggest treatment as a thermal burn after decontamination. Human effects have not been established for this product. No specific antidote. Treat symptomatically.

Other Health Hazard Information

Sensitisation of Product May cause sensitisation by skin contact.

PRECAUTIONS FOR USE

Other Exposure Exposure Standards for Atmospheric Contaminants in the Occupational Info. Environment not established for product or ingredients. Eng. Controls Provide general and/or local exhaust ventilation, depending on type of operations, to

control airborne exposures.

Personal Protection

Respirator Not required for normal operations, but where work practice or other means of exposure Type (AS 1716) reduction are not adequate, approved respirator may be necessary to prevent

overexposure by inhalation. For emergency conditions, use an approved positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus. Chemical goggles. Chemical resistant gloves. Long-sleeved overalls. Safety boots.

Eye Protection Glove Type Clothing Footwear

Flammability

Fire Hazards

Combustible Liquid, Class C1.

SAFE HANDLING INFORMATION

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

47

Storage and Transport

Storage Precautions Special Shipping Information Proper Shipping Name EPG Number IERG Number Packaging Method

Store in a cool place away from heat and ignition sources. Keep partially used product containers closed. Store away from foodstuffs, clothing and keep out of reach of children.

IMDG 8. CORROSIVE LIQUID, N.O.S. - (Mixed aliphatic and alicyclic amines) 8A1 37 5.9.8

Spills and Disposal

Spills & Disposal

Extinguish or remove all sources of ignition. Clear area of all unprotected personnel. Wear appropriate protection equipment. Do not contaminate streams, rivers or water courses. Do not flush drains or sewers. Inform local authority if liquid enters drains, sewers, streams etc. Shut off sources of leak if safe to do so. Dike and contain spill with sand or earth. MINOR: Absorb the liquid with sand, earth or other inert absorbent. Place used absorbent in suitable, sealable, labelled containers. Keep away from heat, naked flame or sparks. MAJOR: Take up liquid with vacuum truck or absorb with sand, earth or other inert absorbent. Place used absorbent in s uitable, sealable, labelled containers. Keep away from heat, naked flame or sparks. Burn in an adequate incinerator or bury in an approved landfill. Dispose of in accordance with Local, State and Federal regulations.

Disposal

Fire/Explosion Hazard

Fire/Explosive. Hazard Hazardous Decomposition or By-products Fire Fighting Procedures Fire Fighting Precautions Extinguishing Media Hazchem Code

Drums may rupture when exposed to fire conditions. Ammonia, volatile amines, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, smoke and fumes. Wear full body protective clothing, and self-contained breathing apparatus. Water spray may be used to keep fire exposed containers cool. Foam, water, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. 2X

OTHER INFORMATION

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

48

Environment Avoid contaminating waterways. Protection Risk Statement R34 Causes burns.

R41 Risk of serious damage to eyes. R43 May cause sensitisation by skin contact. R21/22 Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed. S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S38 If insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. Class 8 labels in accordance with the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods, including Schedule 5 Poison requirements. Harmful, Corrosive

Safety Statement

Pkg. & Labelling Hazard Category

CONTACT POINT

Contact

For further information ask for: Manager Chemicals' Handling Compliance Phone: (02) 9666 0331. For specialist advice in emergencies: Australia 1800 033 111; New Zealand 0800 734 607. Nuplex Industries make no representation as to the completeness and accuracy of the data contained in this data sheet. It is the user's obligation to evaluate and use this product safely, and to comply with all relevant Federal, State and Local Government laws and regulations. Nuplex Industries shall not be responsible for loss, damage or injury resulting from reliance upon or failure to adhere to any recommendations or information contained herein, from abnormal use of the material, or from any hazard inherent in the nature of the material.

End of MSDS

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

49

Material Safety Data Sheet

EPOXY HARD H180 SLOW

Classified as hazardous according to criteria of NOHSC

COMPANY DETAILS

Company Name FGI, division of Nuplex Industries (Aust) Pty Ltd. (ABN 25 000 045 572) Address 49-61 Stephen Road BOTANY

NSW 2019 Emergency Tel. 1800 033 111 Tel/Fax Tel: (02) 9666 0331 Fax: (02) 9666 6661

Other Information

NEW ZEALAND: Nuplex Industries Ltd. 12 Industry Road, Penrose, Auckland Phone: (09) 579 2029 Fax: (09) 525 1618 Emergency Advice (NZ): Phone: 0800 734 607

IDENTIFICATION

Product Code F22182 Product Name EPOXY HARD H180 SLOW Proper Shipping Name CORROSIVE LIQUID, N.O.S. - (Mixed aliphatic and alicyclic amines) Other Names UN Number DG Class Packing Group Hazchem Code Poisons Schedule Product Use Name HARDENER H180 SLOW

1760 8 III 2X S5 Curing agent for epoxy resins.

Product Code F90709

Physical Data

Appearance Boiling Point Vapour Pressure Specific Gravity Flash Point Flamm. Limit LEL

Clear amber liquid. Not determined. Not determined. 0.97-1.00 (H20 = 1) 112°C, Pensky Martens Closed Cup. Not determined.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

50

Solubility in Water

Insoluble.

Other Properties

Odour Form Stability Haz. Polymerisation Materials to Avoid

Slight ammoniacal. Liquid Stable. Will not occur. Epoxies, strong acids, oxidising agents.

Ingredients

Ingredients Name Polyoxyalkylamine TRIETHYLENE TETRAMINE Isophorone diamine 1,5-pentanediamine, 2-methyl CAS 9046-10-0 112-24-3 2855-13-2 15520-10-2 Proportion 15-30 % 15-30 % 15-30 % 5-15 %

HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Health Effects

Acute Swallowed Acute - Eye Acute - Skin Acute Inhaled Chronic

May cause severe irritation and burns to the digestive tract, but single -dose toxicity expected to be low. May cause severe eye irritation and corneal injury, which may be permanent. May cause severe irritation and possibly burns. May cause sensitisation by skin contact. Not expected to be an inhalation hazard due to the low vapour pressures of the components at ambient temperatures. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of vapour may affect the central nervous system. Prolonged skin contact will cause severe irritation, and burns.

First Aid

Swallowed Eye Skin

DO NOT induce vomiting. Give glass of water. Seek immediate medical attention and/or transport to a hospital promptly. Hold eyes open and wash thoroughly with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Seek immediate medical attention. Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water. DO NOT use solvents to remove product from skin. Remove contaminated clothing immediately. Wash clothing thoroughly before re use. Discard contaminated footwear. Seek immediate medical attention. Using proper respiratory protection, immediately remove the affected person from exposure. Administer artificial respiration if breathing is stopped. Keep at rest. Seek

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

Inhaled

51

immediate medical assistance.

First Aid Facilities

Eye wash fountains and safety showers should be easily accessible.

Advice to Doctor

Advice to Doctor

This formulation is corrosive to tissue. If the product comes in contact with the eyes, check for corneal injury. If the skin is burnt, suggest treatment as a thermal burn after decontamination. Human effects have not been established for this product. No specific antidote. Treat symptomatically.

Other Health Hazard Information

Sensitisation of Product

May cause sensitisation by skin contact.

PRECAUTIONS FOR USE

Other Exposure Standards for Atmospheric Contaminants in the Occupational Environment not Exposure Info. established for product or ingredients. Eng. Controls Provide general and/or local exhaust ventilation, depending on type of operations, to

control airborne exposures.

Personal Protection

Not required for normal operations, but where work practice or other means of exposure reduction are not adequate, approved respirator may be necessary to prevent overexposure by inhalation. For emergency conditions, use an approved positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus. Eye Protection Chemical goggles. Glove Type Chemical resistant gloves. Clothing Long-sleeved overalls. Footwear Safety boots.

Respirator Type (AS 1716)

Flammability

Fire Hazards

Combustible Liquid, Class C1.

SAFE HANDLING INFORMATION

Storage and Transport

Storage Precautions Special Shipping Information

Store in a cool place away from heat and ignition sources. Keep partially used product containers closed. Store away from foodstuffs, clothing and keep out of reach of children.

IMDG 8.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

52

Proper Shipping Name EPG Number IERG Number Packaging Method

CORROSIVE LIQUID, N.O.S. - (Mixed aliphatic and alicyclic amines) 8A1 37 5.9.8

Spills and Disposal

Spills & Disposal

Extinguish or remove all sources of ignition. Clear area of all unprotected personnel. Wear appropriate protection equipment. Do not contaminate streams, rivers or water courses. Do not flush drains or sewers. Inform local authority if liquid enters drains, sewers, streams etc. Shut off sources of leak if safe to do so. Dike and contain spill with sand or earth. MINOR: Absorb the liquid with sand, earth or other inert absorbent. Place used absorbent in suita ble, sealable, labelled containers. Keep away from heat, naked flame or sparks. MAJOR: Take up liquid with vacuum truck or absorb with sand, earth or other inert absorbent. Place used absorbent in suitable, sealable, labelled containers. Keep away from heat, naked flame or sparks. Burn in an adequate incinerator or bury in an approved landfill. Dispose of in accordance with Local, State and Federal regulations.

Disposal

Fire/Explosion Hazard

Fire/Explos. Hazard Drums may rupture when exposed to fire conditions. Hazardous Decomposition or ByAmmonia, volatile amines, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, smoke and products fumes. Fire Fighting Procedures Wear full body protective clothing, and self-contained breathing apparatus. Fire Fighting Precautions Water spray may be used to keep fire exposed containers cool. Extinguishing Media Foam, water, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. Hazchem 2X Code

OTHER INFORMATION

Environment Avoid contaminating waterways. Protection Risk R34 Causes burns. R41 Risk of serious damage to eyes. Statement

Safety Statement

R43 May cause sensitisation by skin contact. R21/22 Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed. S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S38 If insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

53

Pkg. & Labelling Hazard Category

S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. Class 8 labels in accordance with the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods, including Schedule 5 Poison requirements. Harmful, Corrosive

CONTACT POINT

Contact

For further information ask for: Manager Chemicals' Handling Compliance Phone: (02) 9666 0331. For specialist advice in emergencies: Australia 1800 033 111; New Zealand 0800 734 607. Nuplex Industries make no representation as to the completeness and accuracy of the data contained in this data sheet. It is the user's obligation to evaluate and use this product safely, and to comply with all relevant Federal, State and Local Government laws and regulations. Nuplex Industries shall not be responsible for loss, damage or injury resulting from reliance upon or failure to adhere to any recommendations or information contained herein, from abnormal use of the material, or from any hazard inherent in the nature of the material.

End of MSDS

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

54

Material Safety Data Sheet

EPOX JOINERS GLUE

Classified as hazardous according to criteria of NOHSC

COMPANY DETAILS

Company Name FGI, division of Nuplex Industries (Aust) Pty Ltd. (ABN 25 000 045 572) Address 49-61 Stephen Road BOTANY

NSW 2019 Emergency Tel. 1800 033 111 Tel/Fax Tel: (02) 9666 0331 Fax: (02) 9666 6661

Other Information

NEW ZEALAND: Nuplex Industries Ltd. 12 Industry Road, Penrose, Auckland Phone: (09) 579 2029 Fax: (09) 525 1618 Emergency Advice (NZ): Phone: 0800 734 607

IDENTIFICATION

Product Code Product Name Proper Shipping Name Other Names UN Number DG Class Packing Group Hazchem Code Poisons Schedule Product Use

F22132 EPOX JOINERS GLUE None None None None None None Allocated Listed Allocated Allocated Allocated Allocated

S5 In conjunction with epoxy hardeners in civil engineering.

Physical Data

Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Vapour Pressure Specific Gravity Flash Point Flamm. Limit LEL Flamm. Limit UEL

Clear liquid Not available Not available Not available 1.15 154°C (PMCC) Not available Not available

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

55

Solubility in Water

Insoluble

Other Properties

Volatile Component Stability Haz. Polymerisation Materials to Avoid

< 1% Stable Will not occur Strong oxidizing agents and amines

Ingredients

Ingredients Name Epoxy resin Epoxy diluent Epoxy resin CAS 25085-99-8 68609-97-2 54208-52-9 Proportion 55-85 % 15-30 % 1-15 %

HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Health Effects

Acute Swallowed Acute - Eye Acute - Skin Acute - Inhaled Chronic

Ingestion may irritate the gastric tract causing nausea and vomiting. Eye contact will cause stinging, blurring and tearing. Skin contact will cause irritation. Inhalation of vapours formed at elevated temperatures may irritate the respiratory system. Prolonged or repeated skin contact will lead to allergic contact dermatitis and sensitisation in some individuals. The skin may react by producing redness, irritation, weals or pustules. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations o f vapour may affect the central nervous system.

First Aid

Swallowed Eye

DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Wash out mouth with water and give plenty of water to drink. If symptoms develop seek medical attention. If contact with the eye(s) occurs, wash with copious amounts of water for approximately 15 minutes holding eyelid(s) open. Take care not to rinse contaminated water into the non-affected eye. If symptoms persist seek medical attention. Wash affected area thoroughly with soap and water. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse or discard. If symptoms develop seek medical attention. Remove the source of contamination or move the victim to fresh air. Ensure airways are clear and have qualified person give oxygen through a face mask if breathing is difficult. If symptoms develop seek medical attention.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

Skin Inhaled

56

First Aid Facilities

Eye wash and normal washroom facilities.

Advice to Doctor

Advice to Doctor

Treat symptomatically.

Other Health Hazard Information

PRECAUTIONS FOR USE

Exposure Limits Eng. Controls

No exposure standards have been established for this material by the National Occupational Health And Safety Commission (NOHSC). Use with good general ventilation. Local exhaust ventilation may be required to control airborne concentrations.

Personal Protection

Respirator If engineering controls are not effective in controlling airborne exposure then a half face Type (AS 1716) piece respirator with a replaceable organic vapour filter should be used. Reference

should be made to Australian Standards AS/NZS 1715, Selection, Use and maintenance of Respiratory Protective Devices; and AS/NZS 1716, Respiratory Protective Devices, in order to make any necessary changes for individual circumstances. Eye Protection Safety glasses with side shields or goggles should be worn as described in Australian Standard AS/ANZ 1337 - Eye Protectors for Industrial Applications. Glove Type Impervious PVC or rubber gloves should be worn. Clothing Suitable work wear should be worn to protect personal clothing, eg cotton overalls buttoned at neck and wrist. Work/Hygienic Ensure a high level of personal hygiene is maintained when using this product. Always Practices wash hands before eating, drinking, smoking or using the toilet.

Flammability

Fire Hazards

Classified as a Class C2 (COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID) for the purpose of storage and handling, in accordance with the requirements of AS1940. This product should be stored and used in a well ventilated area away from naked flames, sparks and other sources of ignition.

SAFE HANDLING INFORMATION

Storage and Transport

Storage Precautions

Store in a cool, dry, well ventilated area away from sources of ignition. This product should be stored away from foodstuffs, strong oxidising agents and amines. For information on the design of the store -room reference should be made to Australian Standard AS1940, The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

57

Transport

Reference should also be made to any relevant Commonwealth, State or Territory regulations. Not classified as a Dangerous Good according to the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail.

Proper Shipping Name None Allocated

Spills and Disposal

Spills & Leaks

Remove all sources of ignition. Increase ventilation. Wear appropriate breathing apparatus and full protective clothing to minimise skin and eye exposure. Place inert, non-combustible absorbent such as vermiculite, sand or dirt onto material. Collect the material and place into a suitable labelled container for subsequent disposal. If large quantities of this material enter the waterways contact the Environmental Protection Authority, or your local Waste Management Authority. Dispose of according to relevant local, state and federal government regulations.

Disposal

Fire/Explosion Hazard

Fire/Explosive. Hazard Hazardous Decomposition or By-products Extinguishing Media Hazchem Code

Combustible liquid. This product will burn if exposed to fire.

Decomposition products include phenolic, carbon monoxide and water. Use water fog, foam or dry agent. None Allocated

OTHER INFORMATION

Toxicology No toxicology data available for this product. Risk Statement R43 May cause sensitisation by skin contact. Safety Statement Hazard Category

R36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin. S24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes. S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. Irritant

CONTACT POINT

Contact

For further information ask for: Manager Chemicals' Handling Compliance Phone: (02) 9666 0331. For specialist advice in emergencies: Australia 1800 033 111; New Zealand 0800 734 607. Nuplex Industries make no representation as to the completeness and accuracy of the data contained in this data sheet. It is the user's obligation to evaluate and use this product safely, and to comply with all relevant Federal, State and Local Government laws and regulations. Nuplex Industries shall not be responsible for loss, damage or injury resulting from reliance upon or failure to adhere to any recommendations or information contained herein, from abnormal use of the material, or from any hazard inherent in the nature of the material.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

58

Material Safety Data Sheet

EPOX SURF SET

Classified as hazardous according to criteria of NOHSC

COMPANY DETAILS

Company Name FGI, division of Nuplex Industries (Aust) Pty Ltd. (ABN 25 000 045 572) Address 49-61 Stephen Road BOTANY

NSW 2019

Emergency Tel. 1800 033 111 Tel/Fax Tel: (02) 9666 0331 Fax: (02) 9666 6661 Other NEW ZEALAND: Nuplex Industries Ltd. Information

12 Industry Road, Penrose, Auckland Phone: (09) 579 2029 Fax: (09) 525 1618 Emergency Advice (NZ): Phone: 0800 734 607

IDENTIFICATION

Product Code Product Name Proper Shipping Name Other Names UN Number DG Class Packing Group Hazchem Code Poisons Schedule Product Use

F22176 EPOX SURF SET CORROSIVE LIQUID, N.O.S. - (Contains Isophorone diamine) Not Available 1760 8 III 2X S5 Curing agent for epoxy resins.

Physical Data

Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Vapour Pressure Specific Gravity Flash Point Flamm. Limit LEL

Clear liquid with a slightly ammoniacal odour. Not available Not available Not available 0.95 - 1.00 (Water = 1) 112°C (PMCC) Not available

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

59

Flamm. Limit UEL Solubility in Water

Not available Not available

Other Properties

Stability Stable. Haz. Polymerisation Will not occur. Materials to Avoid Strong oxidizing agents.

Ingredients

Ingredients Name Benzyl alcohol Salicylic acid Isophorone diamine CAS 100-51-6 69-72-7 2855-13-2 Proportion 30-50 % (< 4%) (> 50%)

HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Health Effects

Acute Swallowed

Harmful if swallowed. Ingestion may cause sore throat, coughing, laboured respiration, dizziness, dullness, abdominal pain, vomiting, central nervous system depression, combustions and death due to respiratory failure. Will cause chemical burns to the mouth throat and stomach. Eye contact will cause stinging, blurring, tearing, severe pain and possible permanent corneal damage.

Acute - Eye

Harmful in contact with skin. Skin contact will cause redness, itchiness, irritation, pain and chemical burns with resultant tissue destruction. May be absorbed through the skin with resultant toxic effects. Skin contact may cause sensitisation in some individuals. Acute - Inhaled Harmful by inhalation. Inhalation of high vapour concentrations may cause burns and severe irritation to the mucous membranes and respiratory system. Symptoms may include coughing and shortness of breath. Inhalation may cause symptoms similar to those seen if product is swallowed. Chronic Prolonged exposure to high vapour concentrations may affect the central nervous system.

Acute - Skin

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

60

First Aid

Swallowed Eye

Do NOT induce vomiting. Contact a Poisons Information Centre (Phone 131 126) or a doctor at once. If contact with the eye(s) occurs, wash with copious amounts of water for approximately 15 minutes holding eyelid(s) open. Take care not to rinse contaminated water into the non-affected eye. Seek immediate medical attention. Wash skin thoroughly with soap and flowing water for 15 minutes. DO NOT use solvents to remove product from skin. Contaminated clothing should be removed immediately and washed thoroughly before reuse. Discard contaminated footwear. Obtain medical attention promptly. Remove the source of contamination or move the victim to fresh air. Ensure airways are clear a nd have qualified person give oxygen through a face mask if breathing is difficult. If symptoms develop seek medical attention. An eye wash fountain, safety shower and a general washing facility should be available adjacent to the work area.

Skin

Inhaled

First Aid Facilities

Advice to Doctor

Advice to Doctor

Treat symptomatically or consult a Poisons Information Centre (Phone 131 126). Main ingredient of this formulation is corrosive to tissue. If product in eyes, check for corneal injury. The decision of whether to induce vomiting should be made by the attending physician. If burn present, suggest treatment as a thermal burn after decontamination. No specific antidote. Treatment based on the sound judgement of the physician and the individual reactions of the patient.

Other Health Hazard Information

PRECAUTIONS FOR USE

Exposure Limits

No exposure standards have been established for this material by the National Occupational Health & Safety Commission (NOHSC). . Ensure sufficient ventilation to prevent exposure to vapours, mists and fumes. Local exhaust ventilation is recommended.

Eng. Controls

Personal Protection

Respirator If engineering controls are not effective in controlling airborne exposure then a supplied Type (AS 1716) air respirator should be used. Final choice of appropriate breathing protection is

dependant upon actual airborne concentrations and the type of breathing protection required will vary according to individual circumstances. Expert advice may be required to make this decision. Reference should be made to Australian Standards AS/NZS 1715, Selection, Use and maintenance of Respiratory Protective Devices; and AS/NZS 1716.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

61

Eye Protection

Safety glasses with side shields, goggles or full face shield should be worn as described in Australian Standard AS/NZS 1337 - Eye Protectors for Industrial Applications. Impervious PVC or rubber gloves should be worn. Suitable protective clothing should be worn e.g. cotton overalls buttoned at neck and wrist.

Glove Type Clothing

Work/Hygienic Ensure a high level of personal hygiene is maintained when using this product. Always wash hands before eating, drinking, smoking or using the toilet. Practices

Flammability

Fire Hazards

Classified as a Class C1 (COMBUSTIBLE LIQUID) for the purposes of storage and handling, in accordance with the requirements of AS1940. This product should be stored and used in a well ventilated area away from naked flames, sparks and other sources of ignition.

SAFE HANDLING INFORMATION

Storage and Transport

Storage Precautions

Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from heat, sources of ignition and oxidizing agents. Keep containers closed when not in use. Store away from foodstuffs, clothing and keep out of reach of children. For information on the design of the store room reference should be made to Australian Standard AS1940, The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids. Reference should also be made to any relevant Commonwealth, State or Territory regulations. This material is a Class 8 Corrosive Substance according to the Australian Code for the Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail. Class 8 - Corrosive Substances are incompatible in a placard load with any of the following: - Class 1, Explosives - Class 4.3, Dangerous When Wet Substances - Class 5.1, Oxidising Agents & Class 5.2 - Organic Peroxides - Class 6, Toxic Substances (where the Toxic substances are cyanides and the corrosives are acids), - Class 7, Radioactive Substances and are incompatible with food and food packaging in any quantity.

Transport

Proper Shipping Name EPG Number IERG Number Packaging Method

CORROSIVE LIQUID, N.O.S. - (Contains Isophorone diamine) 8A1 37 5.9.8

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

62

Spills and Disposal

Spills & Leaks

Remove all sources of ignition. Increase ventilation. Wear appropriate breathing apparatus and full protective clothing to minimise skin and eye exposure. Do not dilute material but contain. Place inert, non-combustible absorbent such as vermiculite, sand or dirt onto material. Collect the material and place into a suitable labelled container for subsequent disposal. If large quantities of this material enter the waterways contact the Environmental Protection Authority, or your local Waste Management Authority. Dispose of according to relevant local, state and federal government regulations.

Disposal

Fire/Explosion Hazard

Fire/Explos. Hazard Hazardous Decomposition or By-products Fire Fighting Procedures

Combustible liquid. This product will burn if exposed to fire. Drums may rupture when exposed to fire conditions. Hazardous decomposition products include oxides of carbon and nitrogen. The amine type component of this product will decompose at temperatures above 360°C and generate ammonia. Fire-fighters should wear full protective clothing and self contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) operated in positive pressure mode.

Extinguishing Use water fog, foam or dry agent. Media Hazchem Code 2X

OTHER INFORMATION

Toxicology

No toxicology data available for this product.

Environment Do not allow product to enter drains, waterways or sewers. Protection Risk Statement R34 Causes burns.

Safety Statement

Hazard Category

R43 May cause sensitisation by skin contact. R52/53 Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. R20/21/22 Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed. S23 Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately S61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet. S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. Harmful, Corrosive, Dangerous for the environment

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

63

CONTACT POINT

Contact

For further information ask for: Manager Chemicals' Handling Compliance Phone: (02) 9666 0331. For specialist advice in emergencies: Australia 1800 033 111; New Zealand 0800 734 607. Nuplex Industries make no representation as to the completeness and accuracy of the data contained in this data sheet. It is the user's obligation to evaluate and use this product safely, and to comply with all relevant Federal, State and Local Government laws and regulations. Nuplex Industries shall not be responsible for loss, damage or injury resulting from reliance upon or failure to adhere to a ny recommendations or information contained herein, from abnormal use of the material, or from any hazard inherent in the nature of the material.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

64

Material Safety Data Sheet

EPOXY WOOD PRESERVER

Classified as hazardous according to criteria of NOHSC

COMPANY DETAILS

Company Name Address Emergency Tel. Tel/Fax Other Information

FGI, division of Nuplex Industries (Aust) Pty Ltd. (ABN 25 000 045 572) 49-61 Stephen Road BOTANY NSW 2019 1800 033 111 Tel: (02) 9666 0331 Fax: (02) 9666 6661 NEW ZEALAND: Nuplex Industries Ltd. 12 Industry Road, Penrose, Auckland Phone: (09) 579 2029 Fax: (09) 525 1618 Emergency Advice (NZ): Phone: 0800 734 607

IDENTIFICATION

Product Code F22130 Product Name EPOXY WOOD PRESERVER 121 Part A Proper Shipping Name RESIN SOLUTION - (Contains Xylene) Other Names Not Available UN Number 1866 DG Class 3 Packing Group II Hazchem Code 3[Y]E Poisons Schedule S5 Product Use Wood preservative/sealer

Physical Data

Appearance Melting Point Boiling Point Vapour Pressure Specific Gravity

Amber liquid with a xylene odour Not available Not available Not available 0.97 (H2O = 1)

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

65

Flash Point 10°C (PMCC) Flamm. Limit LEL 1.1% Solubility in Water Negligible

Other Properties

Auto ignition Temp. Stability Materials to Avoid

Not available Stable Strong oxidising agents.

Ingredients

Ingredients Name Epoxy resin Xylene CAS 25068-38-6 1330-20-7 Proportion 30-60 % 30-60 %

HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Health Effects

May cause irritation to the mouth, oesophagus and stomach. Symptoms can include nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea and can lead to Central Nervous System (CNS) effects such as hypotension, incoordination, headache or unconsciousness. Small amounts of liquid aspirated into the respiratory system during ingestion, or from vomiting can cause chemical pneumonia and possible death. Acute - Eye Vapour or eye contact will cause severe irritation including redness, itchiness and possibly slight corneal damage. Acute - Skin Irritating to skin. Frequent or prolonged contact with skin may cause defecting, leading to dermatitis and sensitisation. Acute - Inhaled High vapour concentrations will be irritating to the upper respiratory tract. May cause Central Nervous System effects such as headaches, dizziness, incoordination, drowsiness and unconsciousness. Chronic May cause sensitisation by prolonged or repeated skin contact. Evidence from animal tests indicate that re peated or prolonged exposure to this product could result in liver and kidney damage.

Acute Swallowed

First Aid

Swallowed

DO NOT induce vomiting. If breathing has stopped, apply artificial resuscitation or give oxygen by mask. If the patient is conscious, then rinse their mouth with water and give several glasses of water to drink. SEEK IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION. Irrigate with copious quantity of water for at least 15 minutes. Seek immediate medical attention.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

Eye

66

medical attention.

Skin

Immediately remove contaminated clothing and wash affected area with soap and water. Ensure contaminated clothing is washed before re-use. If irritation persists seek immediate medical attention. Immediately remove the affected person from exposure -avoid becoming a casualty. Administer artificial respiration if breathing has stopped. Keep at rest. Seek immediate medical attention. Eye wash station, safety shower and normal washroom facilities.

Inhaled

First Aid Facilities

Advice to Doctor

Advice to Doctor

Treat symptomatically.

Other Health Hazard Information

PRECAUTIONS FOR USE

Exposure Limits Name Xylene STEL (mgm3) 655 STEL (ppm) 150 TWA (mgm3) TWA (ppm) 350 80

Other No value assigned for this specific product by the National Occupational Health and Exposure Info. Safety Commission (NOHSC). However, NOHSC Exposure Standards for the

constituent Xylene is listed above. Provide sufficient ventilation to keep airborne levels below the exposure limits set for constituents. Where vapours or mists are generated, particularly in enclosed areas, and natural ventilation is inadequate, a flame proof exhaust ventilation system is required. Refer to AS 1940-The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids and AS 2430-Explosive gas atmospheres for further information concerning ventilation requirements. Performance of ventilation system should be regularly monitored.

Eng. Controls

Personal Protection

Respirator Where concentrations in air may exceed the recommended exposure limits, or work Type (AS 1716) practice or other means of exposure reduction are not adequate, approved respirator

may be necessary to prevent overexposure by inhalation to solvent vapours. Reference should be made to Australian Standards AS/ANS 1715- Selection, Use and Maintenance of Respiratory Protective Devices; and AS/ANS 1716- Respiratory Protective Devices. A Chemical cartridge respirator with organic vapour cartridge (or) supplied-air respirator is recommended. Filter capacity and respirator type depends on exposure levels.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

67

Eye Protection Glove Type Clothing Footwear

Safety glasses, chemical goggles, or face shield as appropriate. Nitrile rubber or PVA recommended. Long sleeved overalls and plastic apron recommended. Safety boots.

Flammability

Fire Hazards

Flammable liquid, Class 3. Keep away from heat, sparks or naked flames. Electrically link and ground metal containers for transfer of the product to prevent accumulation of static electricity. Ensure adequate ventilation to prevent an explosive vapour-air mixture. Vapours will travel considerable distances to sources of ignition.

SAFE HANDLING INFORMATION

Storage and Transport

Storage Precautions

Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area; away from sources of ignition, heat, naked flames and oxidising agents. Keep containers closed when not in use. Take precautions against static electricity discharges. For information on the design of the storeroom reference should be made to Australian Standard AS1940 - The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids. Reference should also be made to all local, state and federal regulations. Classified as a Class 3 Dangerous Good. Dangerous Goods of Class 3 Flammable Liquids, are incompatible in a placard load with any of the following: - Class 1, Class 2.1, if both the Class 3 and Class 2.1, dangerous goods are in bulk, Class 2.3, Class 4.2, Class 5, Class 6, if the Class 3 dangerous goods are nitro methane and Class 7. Good hygiene practices should be followed i cluding no eating or drinking whilst n using the product and washing hands after use. NO SMOKING in the vicinity of the product being used or stored. RESIN SOLUTION - (Contains Xylene) 3A1 14 5.9.3RT1,RT7

Transport

Handling

Proper Shipping Name EPG Number IERG Number Packaging Method

Spills and Disposal

Spills & Leaks Extinguish sources of ignition. Personnel clearing up spillage should wear a face

shield or goggles, PVC or nitrile gloves, boots and appropriate respiratory protective equipment. Unprotected personnel should leave the affected area. Large spillages should be contained in a temporary bund and prevented from entering drains. Place inert absorbent material such as vermiculite, sand or dirt onto spillage and use clean non-sparking tools to collect and transfer into suitable labelled containers. Advise the Environmental Protection Authority or your local Waste Management Authority if product has entered sewers, watercourses or extensive land areas. Small spillages should be soaked up in a non-combustible, absorbent material and transferred to a suitable labelled container. After the material has been removed from the spillage site, the area should be ventilated to remove any residual vapour. Dispose of in accordance with Local, State and Federal regulations.

Disposal

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

68

Fire/Explosion Hazard

Fire/Explos. Hazard

Highly flammable. Keep storage tanks, pipelines, fire exposed surfaces etc cool with water spray. Ensure adequate ventilation to prevent explosive vapour-air mixture and prevent build-up of electrostatic charges (i.e. by grounding). Vapour/air mixtures may ignite explosively and flashback along the vapour trail. Remove sources of re-ignition.

Hazardous Decomposition or By-products Fire Fighting Procedures Fire Fighting Precautions Extinguishing Media Hazchem Code Conditions to Avoid

Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen chloride gas, acrid fumes and smoke. Wear full protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus. Drums may rupture when exposed to fire conditions therefore water spray may be used to keep containers cool. Foam, carbon dioxide or dry chemical. 3[Y]E Keep away from heat and open flame.

OTHER INFORMATION

Toxicology

No toxicity data is available for this product.

Environment Avoid contaminating waterways. Protection Risk Statement R11 Highly flammable.

Safety Statement

Hazard Category

R43 May cause sensitisation by skin contact. R20/21 Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin. R36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin. S2 Keep out of reach of children. S16 Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking. S23 Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapour/spray S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S29 Do not empty into drains. S44 If you feel unwell, contact a doctor or Poisons Information Centre immediately (show the label where possible). S24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes. S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. Harmful, Irritant, Highly Flammable

CONTACT POINT

Contact

For further information ask for: Manager Chemicals' Handling Compliance Phone: (02) 9666 0331. For specialist advice in emergencies: Australia 1800 033 111; New Zealand 0800 734 607. Nuplex Industries make no representation as to the completeness and accuracy of

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

69

the data contained in this data sheet. It is the user's obligation to evaluate and use this product safely, and to comply with all relevant Federal, State and Local Government laws and regulations. Nuplex Industries shall not be responsible for loss, damage or injury resulting from reliance upon or failure to adhere to any recommendations or information contained herein, from abnormal use of the material, or from any hazard inherent in the nature of the material.

End of MSDS

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

70

Additional Storage and Safety Information

Liquid epoxy resins are stable for long periods of time (typical shelf life of 1- 2 years) at room temperature (< 25º Celsius). Diluent or solvent diluted resins should be stored in tightly closed containers to prevent loss of volatiles. A good practice is to store all resins and curing agents in tightly closed containers because some are susceptible to moisture absorption that may affect rate of cure and other properties. Under certain conditions, liquid epoxy resins may crystallise. Crystallisation may take the form of crystals in the resin or on the container. Occasionally, crystallisation may continue to the point where complete solidification occurs. This occurrence is in no way an indication that an epoxy resin is contaminated or out of specification. Rather, it is a phenomenon, which can occasionally occur during storage at room temperature or below. Crystallisation is property directly associated with the purity and uniformity of a liquid epoxy resin. Factors that may encourage crystallisation include thermal cycling or the presence of fillers, which may act as starting point for crystal formation. To prevent crystallisation, store epoxy resins at room temperature or slightly higher. Also, avoid situations where temperatures cycle from room temperature to lower temperatures, as is sometimes the case in a warehouse. Long-term warm storage may result in slight discoloration but does not affect resin performance. Material that shows evidence of crystallisation can be returned to its original liquid state by heating it to a temperature of approximately 50°C. This temperature should be maintained until dissolution occurs. Colour change resins will lose their "blue" colour when exposed to long periods of ultra violet light or if stored for excessive time. This will not deteriorate other properties. ES180 resin and hardener should be kept in securely closed containers during transport and storage. Note: Mini pumps should be removed for transport or when long periods of non-use are expected. Any accidental spillage should be soaked up with sand, sawdust, cotton waste or any absorbent material. The area should be washed clean. Adequate long-term storage conditions for both materials will result in shelf lives of one year. Storage should be in a dry place out of direct sunlight and protected from frost. The temperature should be maintained between 14°C and 28°C. Containers should be firmly closed. All Epox Epoxy systems will burn if sufficient heat and oxygen are supplied. Fires involving Epox resin systems may be extinguished with foam, dry powder or Carbon Dioxide extinguishers. Water is not normally an effective extinguishing agent. When burning these resins give off toxic by products such as carbon monoxide gas. Fire fighters should wear organic vapour respirators or self-contained breathing apparatus. Refer to individual MSDS's.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

71

®

EPOXY APPLICATION AND TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE

DURING APPLICATION?

Poor or Slow Cure

PROBLEM

Remove Epoxy, do not overcoat Ensure correct mixing ratio. Use faster hardener, apply in correct temper range Apply warmth to maintain reaction Apply in thinner coats Warm epoxy to release entrapped air Don't' over roll, change roller type ------Replace hardener Keep caps on tight Transfer to larger mixing container Mix smaller quantities Use in correct temp range Use slow hardener Add extra epoxy and hardener Check filler mix ratio Add extra filler Check filler ratio

APPLIED SURFACE?

DEFECT POSSIBLE CAUSES

Mould surface too cold Thin laminate

OBSERVATION

Incorrect mixing ratio

POSSIBLE CAUSE

REMEDIES

REMEDIES

Allow extra time to cure Warm mould Use H180 Fast Hardener

Blocked or damaged pumps Incorrect hardener used Resin turns cloudy/hazy Waxy film on cured surface Hardener has darkened High exotherm or too fast cure Entrapped air from roller Temp too low -----Moisture contamination in container Too large mix High ambient temperature

Soft or sticky surface

Cloudy or hazy film Waxy or greasy cured surface Could reduce physical properties /colour Gels too fast

Temp low or high Entrapped air Low temp application -------Laminate build up to thick

Consolidate well Warm epoxy Use H180 Slow Apply in correct temp range Apply in correct temp range Wash surface with water to remove --------Allow each layer to cure Use slower hardener

Fairing or adhesive too thick (High Viscosity) Fairing and adhesive too thin (Low Viscosity)

Too much filler used temp low Not enough filler used ­ temp high

Difficult to use, reduced adhesion, Sags or runs

High filler Low filler

Increase resin ­ check colour has developed Increase filler ­ check colour development

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

72

FGI and Nuplex Composites Contact Information

New Zealand 32-38 Patiki Road Avondale Auckland PO Box 21018 Henderson Auckland Ph: (+64) 9 820 1250 Fax: (+64) 9 828 1066 Email: [email protected] Queensland South Pacific Email: [email protected] Technical Development Manager ­ Epoxies Email: [email protected] 20 Production Ave, Wacol, QLD 4076 Ph: (+61) 7 3271 3944 Fax: (+61) 7 3271 3603 4 Liberty Street, Cairns, QLD 4870 Ph: (+61) 7 4035 2126 Fax: (+61) 7 4035 2125 7 Ereton Drive, Labrador, QLD 4215 Ph: (+61) 7 5563 7771 Fax: (+61) 7 5563 7888 South Australia 1A Ashwin Parade, Torrensville, SA 5031 Ph: (+61) 8 8234 9499 Fax: (+61) 8 8234 9490 Australia New South Wales 14 Clearview Place, Brookvale, NSW 2100 Ph: (+61) 2 9938 7222 Fax: (+61) 2 9938 5826 Victoria 1612-1638 Centre Road, Springvale, VIC 3171 Ph: (+61) 3 9950 5656 Fax: (+61) 3 9547 5179

Western Australia 16-18 Coulson Way, Canning Vale, WA 6155 Ph: (+61) 8 9455 1972 Fax: (+61) 8 9455 1012

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

73

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

A

A-Stage - An early stage of polymerisation of thermosetting resins in which the material is still soluble in certain liquids and is fusible. See B-Stage, C-Stage. Ablative - Material that absorbs heat through a decomposition process called pyrolysis at or near the exposed surface. Accelerator - Chemical additive that hastens cure or chemical reaction. Addition - A polymerisation reaction in which no by-products are formed. Additives - Ingredients mixed into resin to improve properties. Adhesive - Substance applied surfaces to bond them together by surface attachment. Amorphous - Polymers with no crystalline component. Amine ­ See Curing Agent Anisotropic - Fibre directionality in which different properties respond to stresses applied along axes in different directions. Aramid - Aromatic polyamide fibres. Aspect Ratio - The ratio of length to diameter of a fibre. Autoclave Moulding - A moulding technique in which an entire assembly (lay-up and tooling) is placed into an autoclave (or closed vessel with pressure/heat capability) to consolidate part laminate by removing entrapped air and volatiles. Automated Tape Laying - A fabrication process in which Prepreg tape is laid side-by-side or overlapped in various configurations to form a structure. Axial Winding - Filament winding wherein the filaments are parallel to the axis.

B

B-Stage -. Intermediate stage in the polymerisation reaction of thermo sets. After B-Stage, material softens with heat and is plastic and fusible. The resin of an uncured Prepreg or premix is usually B-Stage. See A-Stage, C-Stage. Bag Moulding - A moulding technique in which the composite material is placed in a rigid mould and covered with a flexible bag, with pressure applied by vacuum, autoclave, press or by inflating the bag. Basket Weave - Woven reinforcement where two or more warp threads go over and under two or more filling threads in a repeat pattern; less stable than the plain weave but produces a flatter, stronger, more pliable fabric. Bias Fabric - A fabric in which warp and fill fibres are at an angle to the length. Biaxial Winding - Filament winding wherein helical bands are laid in sequence, side by side, with no fibre crossover. Bi-directional Laminate - Laminate with fibres oriented in more than one direction on the same plane. Bleeder Cloth - A layer of woven or non-woven material, not part of the composite, that allows excess gas and resin to escape during cure. Bleed-out - Excess liquid resin appearing at the surface, occurring primarily during filament winding. Bond Ply - The ply or fabric patch that comes in contact with the honeycomb core during repair. Bond Strength - As measured by load/bond area, the stress required to separate a layer of material from another material to which it is bonded; the amount of adhesion between bonded surfaces. Braiding - Weaving of fibres into a tubular shape. Breakout - Separation or breakage of fibres when the edges of a composite part are drilled out. Breather - A loosely woven material that does not come in contact with the resin but serves as a continuous vacuum path over a part in production. Buckling - A failure mode usually characterized by fibre deflection rather than breaking under compressive action.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

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C

C-Stage - Final step in the cure of a thermoset resin, resulting in irreversible hardening and insolubility. CAD/CAM - Computer-aided design/computer aided manufacturing. Carbon Fibre - Reinforcing fibre known for its lightweight, high strength and high stiffness Carbon/Carbon - A composite of carbon fibre in a carbon matrix. Catalyst - A substance that promotes or controls curing of a compound without being consumed in the reaction. Ceramic-Matrix Composites (CMC) - Materials consisting of ceramic or carbon fibre surrounded by a ceramic matrix, primarily silicon carbide. Coefficient of Expansion (COE) - Measure of the change in length or volume of an object. Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE) - A material's fractional change in length for a given unit of change in temperature. Cohesion - Tendency of a single substance to adhere to itself. Also, the force holding a single substance together. Coin Tapping - Tapping laminate with a coin in different spots to detect a change in sound, indicating the presence of a defect that may require repair. Composite - A material that combines fibre and a binding matrix to maximise specific performance properties. Neither element merges completely with the other. Advanced composites use only continuous, oriented fibre in polymer, metal and ceramic matrices. Compression Moulding - A technique for moulding thermoset plastics in which a part is shaped by placing the fibre and resin into an open mould cavity, closing the mould, and applying heat and pressure until the material has cured or achieved its final form. Compressive Strength - Resistance to a crushing or buckling force, the maximum compressive load a specimen sustains divided by its original cross-sectional area. Condensation - A polymerisation reaction in which simple by-products (for example, water) are formed. Consolidation - A processing step that compresses fibre and matrix to reduce voids and achieve a particular density. Contaminant - Impurity or foreign substance that affects one or more properties of composite material, particularly adhesion. Continuous Filament - An individual small-diameter reinforcement that is flexible and indefinite in length. Continuous Roving - Parallel filaments coated with sizing, gathered together into single or multiple strands, and wound into a cylindrical package. May be used to provide continuous reinforcement in woven roving, filament winding, pultrusion, prepregs, or high-strength moulding compounds, or may be used chopped. Core - In sandwich construction, the central component to which inner and outer skins are attached; also refers to a section of a complex mould that forms undercut parts. Core Orientation - Used on a honeycomb core to line up the ribbon direction, thickness of the cell depth, cell size and traverse direction. Core Splicing - Joining of two core segments by bonding them together. Co-woven Fabric - A reinforcement fabric woven with two different types of fibres in individual yarns (for example, thermoplastic fibres woven side by side with carbon fibres). Crazing - Region of ultra fine cracks that may develop on or under the resin surface. Creep - Dimensional change in a material under physical load over time and instantaneous elastic deformation. Crimp - A fibre's waviness, which determines its capacity to cohere. Critical Length - The minimum length of a fibre necessary for matrix shear loading to develop ultimate fibre strength. Cross-Laminated - Material laminated so that some of the layers are oriented at various angles to the other layers with respect to the laminate grain. A cross-ply laminate usually has plies oriented only at 0/90º. Cross-linking - Polymerisation reactions that forms a networked pattern of chemical links. Crystalline - The quality of having a molecular structure in which the atoms are arranged in an orderly, three-dimensional pattern. Cure - To change the physical properties of a material irreversibly by chemical reaction via heat and catalysts alone or in combination, with or without pressure. Cure Temperature - The temperature at which a material attains final cure. Curing Agent - A catalytic or reactive agent that brings about polymerisation when added to resin.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

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D

Damage Tolerance - A measure of the ability of structures to retain load-carrying capability after exposure to sudden loads (for example, ballistic impact. Damping - Diminishing the intensity of vibrations. Delaminate - The separation of ply layers due to adhesive failure. Also includes the separation of layers of fabric from the core structure. A delamination may be associated with bridging, drilling and trimming. Delamination - Separation of a laminates plies in a planar direction due to adhesive failure. De-mould - To remove a part from a tool, or a tool from an intermediate model. Design Allowable - A limiting value for material property that can be used to design a structural or mechanical system to a specified level of success with 95 percent statistical confidence. Dielectric - A non-conductor of electricity; the ability of a material to resist the flow of electric current. Doubler - Extra layers of reinforcement for added stiffness or strength in laminate areas that incur abrupt load transfers. Drape - The ability of a Prepreg to conform to the shape of a contoured surface.

E

E-Glass - Stands for "electrical glass" and refers to borosilicate glass fibres most often used in conventional polymer matrix composites. Elasticity - The property of materials to recover their original size and shape after deformation. Elongation - The fractional increase in length of a material stressed in tension. When expressed as a percentage of the original length, it is called percent elongation. Epoxy resin - ES180 ­ Trademark of Nuplex Industries ­ 5:1epoxy resin and hardener system for Room Temperature cure laminates. Post curable for improved properties ES300 - Trademark of Nuplex Industries ­ 4:1epoxy resin and hardener system for Room Temperature Cure laminates. Post curable for improved properties. Higher HDT than ES180. Exotherm - Heat released during a chemical reaction. Uncontrolled exotherm can lead to violent explosion.

F

Fabric, Non-woven - A material formed from fibres or yarns with without interlacing. Fabric, Woven - A material constructed in interlaced yarns of fibre. Fabrication - The process of making a composite part or tool. Fairing - Fairing involves filling and sanding an uneven surface to an even profile. Fatigue - The failure of a material's mechanical properties as a result of repeated stress over time. Fatigue Strength - Maximum cyclical stress withstood for a given number of cycles before a material fails. FEA - Finite element analysis, a process of selecting the optimum combination of materials in a composite based on software analysis. Fibre Content - Amount of fibre in a composite expressed as a ratio to the matrix. Fibre Orientation - Direction of fibre alignment in a non-woven or mat laminate wherein most of the fibres are placed in the same direction to afford greater strength in that direction. Fibre Placement - A continuous process for fabricating composite shapes with complex contours by means of a device that lays pre-impregnated fibres (in tow form) onto a non-uniform mandrel of tool. Fibre Reinforced Plastics (FRP) - Term used to designate glass reinforced composites. Filament Winding - A process of fabricating composites in which continuous reinforcing fibres, either preimpregnated with resin or drawn through a resin bath, are wound around a rotating, removable mandrel. Filaments - Individual fibres of indefinite length used in yarns or roving. Filler - Material added to the mixed resin to increase viscosity, improve appearance, and lower density. Filler Ply - Additional patch to fill in a depression in repair or to build up an edge. Filling - Filling is the application of a suitable filler product onto a rough, clean surface, to either fill a minor defect (spot fill) or to build a surface up to achieve a required profile. Film Adhesive - An adhesive in the form of a thin, dry resin film with or without a carrier- commonly used for adhesion between laminate layers. Flexural Modulus - The ratio, within the elastic limit, of the applied stress on a test sample in flexure to the corresponding strain in the outermost fibres of the sample.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

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Flexural Strength - The strength of a material in bending, usually expressed in force per unit area, as the stress of a bent test sample at the instant of failure. Fracture - A rupture of the surface of a laminate due to external or internal forces; may or may not result in complete separation. Fracture Toughness - A measure of the damage tolerance of a material containing initial flaws or cracks.

G

Gel Coat - Pigmented resins applied as a coating to a mould or part to produce a smooth finish on the part. Gel Time - Period of time from initial mixing of liquid reactants to the point when gelation occurs as defined by specific test methods Glass Transition - Reversible change in an amorphous polymer between a viscous condition and a hard, relatively brittle condition. Glass-Transition Temperature (Tg) - Approximate temperature at which increased molecular mobility results in significant changes in properties of a cured resin. The measured value or Tg can vary, depending on the test method.

H

Hand Lay-up - A fabrication method in which reinforcement layers, pre-impregnated or coated afterwards, are placed in a mould by hand, then cured to the formed shape. Hardener - Substance used to promote or control curing action by taking part in it, as opposed to a catalyst. Heat - Term used colloquially to indicate any temperature above ambient (room) temperature to which a part of material is or will be subjected. Heat-Distortion Temperature (HDT) - Temperature at which deflection occurs under specified temperature and stated load. Honeycomb - Resin-Impregnated material, most commonly manufactured in hexagonal cells, that serves as a core in sandwich structure. May also be metallic or polymer in rigid, open-cell structures. Hybrid Composite - A composite with two or more types of reinforcing fibres.

I

Impact Strength - A materials ability to withstand shock loading as measured by fracturing a specimen. Impregnate - To saturate the voids and interstices of a reinforcement with a resin. Impregnated Fabric - See Prepreg. Integral Heating - A system in which heating elements are built into a tool, forming part of the tool and usually eliminating the need for an oven or autoclave as a heat source. Interface - Surface between two materials: in glass fibres, for instance, the area at which the glass and sizing meet; in a laminate, the area at which the reinforcement and laminating resin meet. Interlaminar - Existing or occurring between two or more adjacent laminae. Interlamina r Shear - Shearing force that produces displacement between two laminae along the plane of their interface. Isotropic - Fibre directionality with uniform properties in all directions, independent of the direction of applied load.

J

Joiners Glue ­ Glue used for joining wood and joints.

K

Kevlar - Trademark of DuPont for aramid fibres used as a reinforcement fibre.

L

Laminate Ply - One fabric/resin or fibre/resin layer that is bonded to adjacent layers in the curing process. Lay-up - Placement of layers of reinforcement in a mould. Liquid Intelligence ­ Trademark of Nuplex Industries. A resin system that changes colour to visually determine degree of cure.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

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M

Mandrel - Elongated mould around which resin-impregnated fibre, tape or filaments are wound to form structural shapes or tubes. Mat - A fibrous reinforcing material composed of chopped filaments (for chopped-strand mat) or swirled filaments (for continuous-strand mat) with a binder applied to maintain form; available in blankets of various widths, weights, thickness' and lengths. Matrix - Material in which reinforcing fibre of a composite is imbedded: polymer, metal, ceramic. Metal-Matrix Composites (MMC) - Continuous carbon, silicon carbide, or ceramic fibres embedded in a metallic matrix material. Micro cracking - Microscopic cracks formed in composites when thermal stresses locally exceed the strength of the matrix. Mix Ratio ­ The ratio of resin to hardener expressed as weight-to-weight or volume-to-volume. Modulus - Measure of the ratio of applied load (stress) to the resultant deformation of a material, such as elasticity of shear. Monomer - A single molecule that reacts with like or unlike molecules to form a polymer. Multifilament - A yarn consisting of many continuous filaments.

N

Near-Net Shape - Part fabrication resulting in final dimensions that require minimal machining or cutting. Net shape - Part fabrication resulting in final dimensions that do not require machining or cutting. Non-destructive Inspection (NDI) - Determining material or part characteristics without permanently altering the test subject. Non-destructive testing (NDT) and Non-destructive Evaluation (NDE) are broadly considered synonymous with NDI. Non-woven Roving - A reinforcement composed of continuous rovings loosely gathered together.

P

Part Consolidation - A process of composites fabrication in which multiple discrete parts are designed and fabricated together into a single part, thus reducing the number of fabricated parts and the need to join those parts together. Peel Ply - Layer of material applied to a lay-up surface that is removed from the cured laminate prior to bonding operations, leaving a clean, resin-rich surface ready for bonding. Peel strength - Strength of an adhesive bond obtained by stress that is applied in a "peeling" mode. Pin Holes - Small holes usually caused by surface tension variations or contamination. Ply - One of the layers that makes up a stack or laminate; also, the number of single yarns twisted together to form a plied. Ply Schedule - Lay-up of individual plies or layers to form a laminate. Plies may be arranged in alternating fibre orientation to produce multidirectional strength in a part. Polyacrylonitrile - Base material in the manufacture of some carbon fibres. Polymer - Large molecule formed by combining many smaller molecules or monomers in a regular pattern. Polymerisation - Chemical reaction that links monomers to form polymers. Porosity - The presence of visible voids within a solid material into which either air or liquids may pass. Post cure - Additional exposure to elevated temperature, often occurring without tooling or pressure, that improves mechanical properties. Pot Life - Length of time in which a thermosetting resin retains sufficiently low viscosity for processing. Pre-cure - Full or partial setting of a resin or adhesive before the clamping operation is complete or before pressure is applied. Prepreg - Resin-impregnated cloth, mat or filaments in flat form that can be stored for later use. The resin is often partially cured to a tack-free state called B-Staging. Additives such as catalysts, inhibitors and flame-retardants can be added to obtain specific end-use properties and improve processing, storage and handling characteristics. Prototype - Process of creating a test part not intended for commercial release that establishes design, material and fabrication parameters for a new product. May entail multiple iterations to arrive at final/commercial part design.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

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Pultrusion - A continuous process f r manufacturing composites in rods, tubes and structural shapes o having constant cross sections. After the reinforcement is passed through the resin-impregnation bath, it is drawn through a shaping die to form the desired cross section; curing takes place before the laminate can depart from the cross section. Puncture - Break in composite skin in sandwich structure that may or may not go through to the core material or completely through the part.

Q

Quasi -isotropic - Approximating isotropy by orienting plies in several directions.

R

Ramping - Gradual programmed increase/decrease in temperature or pressure to control cure or cooling of composite parts. Reinforcement - Key element added to the matrix to provide the required properties (primary strength); ranges from short fibres through complex textile forms. Release Agent - Used to prevent cured matrix material from bonding to tooling usually painted or sprayed on mould. Release Film - An impermeable film layer that does not bond to the composite during cure. Resin - Polymer with indefinite and often high molecular weight and a softening or melting range that exhibits a tendency to flow when subjected to stress. As composite matrices, resins bind together reinforcement fibres. Resin-Rich - Filled with excess resin as compared to consistent resin/fibre ratio. Resin-Starved - Lacking sufficient resin for fibre wet out. Resin Transfer Moulding (RTM) - A moulding process in which catalysed resin is pumped into a twosided, matched mould where fibrous reinforcement has been placed. The mould and/or resin may or may not be heated. RTM offers the ability to consolidate structural parts. Its major drawback is the high cost of the initial, two-sided mould. Resin Viscosity - Viscous property of a resin system or solid-to-liquid transition resistance to flow, which can be altered by temperature and pressure as necessary to achieve desired flow characteristics. Ribbon Direction - On a honeycomb core, the way the honeycomb can be separated. The direction of one continuous ribbon. Roving - A collection of bundles of continuous filaments either as untwisted strands or as twisted yarn. RTC ­ Room temperature cure.

S

S-glass - Stands for "structural glass," and refers to magnesia/alumina/silicate glass reinforcement designed to provide very high tensile strength; commonly used in advanced composites. Sandwich Structure - Composite composed of lightweight core material (usually honeycomb or foam) to which two relatively thin, dense, high-strength, functional or decorative skins are adhered. Sealant - A paste or liquid applied to a joint that hardens in place to form a seat. Secondary Structure - Aircraft or aerospace structure that is not critical to flight safety. Shear - An action or stress resulting from applied forces that causes or tends to cause two contiguous parts of a body to slide relative to each other. Shelf Life - Length of time in which a material can be stored and continue to meet specification requirements, remaining suitable for its intended use. Silicon Carbide Fibre - Reinforcing fibre with high strength and modulus; density is equal to that of aluminium. Used in organic metal-matrix composites. Sizing - Compound that binds together and stiffens warp yarn, providing abrasion resistance during weaving. Sizing is normally removed and replaced with finish before matrix application. Skin - A layer of relatively dense materials used on the surface of the core of a sandwich structure. Solvent - A liquid used to dissolve and clean materials. Spec - Specification of the properties, characteristics, or requirements a particular material or part must have in order to be acceptable to a potential user of the material or part. Specific Gravity - Density (mass per unit volume) of a material divided b that of water at a standard y temperature. Stiffness - Relationship of load to deformation for a particular material.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

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Storage Life - Amount of time a material can be stored and retain specific properties. Strain - Elastic deformation resulting from stress. Stress - Internal resistance change in size or shape, expressed in force per unit area. Stress Concentration - The magnification of applied stress in the region of a notch, void, hole or inclusion. Stress Corrosion - Preferential attack of areas under stress in a corrosive environment, where such an environment alone would not have caused corrosion . Stress Crack - External or internal cracks in a composite caused by tensile stresses; cracking may be present internally, externally or in combination. Structural Adhesive - An adhesive used to transfer loads between adherents. Structural Bond - A bond joining load-bearing components of an assembly. Substrate - A material upon the surface of which an adhesive -containing substance is spread for any purpose, such as bonding or coating.

T

Tack - Stickiness of an uncured resin. Tensile Strength - Maximum tensile stress sustained by a composite specimen before it fails in a tension test. Thermal Conductivity - Ability to conduct heat. Thermal Stress Cracking - Crazing and cracking of some thermosetting resins from overexposure to elevated temperatures. Thermocouple - Wire assembly used with a control device to sense temperature readings. Thermoplastic - Composite matrix cured by heat and pressure or with a catalyst into an infusible and insoluble material. Once cured, a thermo set cannot be returned to the uncured state. Thermoset - Composite matrix cured by heat and pressure or with a catalyst into an infusible and insoluble material. Once cured, a thermo set cannot be returned to the uncured state. Thixotropic - Materials that are gel-like at rest, but fluid when agitated; having high static shear strength and low dynamic shear strength at the same time; losing viscosity under stress. Tool - the mould, either one- or two-sided and either open or closed, in or upon which composite material is placed in order to make a part. Tooling Resins - Plastic resins, chiefly epoxy or polyester that are used as tooling aids. Toughness - A measure of the ability of a material to absorb energy.

U

Unidirectional - Referring to fibres that are oriented in the same direction, such as unidirectional fabric, tape or laminate.

V

Vacuum Bag Moulding - Moulding technique wherein the part is cured inside a layer of film from which entrapped air is removed by vacuum. Viscosity - Tendency of material to resist flow. Voids - Pockets of entrapped gases/air that have been cured into laminate. Volatiles - Materials in a sizing or resin that can be vaporized at room or slightly elevated temperatures.

W

Warp - Yarns running lengthwise and parallel to the narrow edge of woven fabric. Warpage - Dimensional distortion in a composite part. Water Absorption - Ratio of weight of water absorbed by material to the weight of dry material. Weave - Pattern by which a fabric is formed from interlacing yarns Weft - Yarns running perpendicular to the warp in a woven fabric. Also called woof. Wet Lay up - Application of a resin to a dry reinforcement in the mould Wet out - Saturation with resin of all voids between strands and filaments. Wetting Agent - A surface-active agent that promotes wetting by decreasing the cohesion within a liquid.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

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Wind Angle - The measure in degrees between the direction parallel to the filaments and an established reference point. Winding Pattern - In filament winding, recurring pattern of the filament path after a certain number of mandrel revolutions. Woof - Yarns running perpendicular to the warp in a woven fabric. Also called weft. Woven Roving - Heavy, coarse fabric produced by weaving continuous roving bundles. Wrinkle - Imperfection in the surface of a laminate that looks like a crease in one of the outer layers. This occurs in vacuum-bag moulding when the bag is improperly placed.

X

X-Axis - The axis in the plane of the laminate used as 0° reference. The Y-Axis is the axis in the plane of the laminate perpendicular to the X -Axis. The Z -Axis is the reference axis normal to the laminate plane in composite laminates.

Y

Y-Axis - See X-Axis. Yarn - Continuously twisted fibres of strands suitable for weaving into fabrics. Young Modulus - Ratio of normal stress to the corresponding strain for tensile or compressive stresses less than the proportional limit of the material.

No warranty either expressed or implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

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®

EPOXY ES180 ORDER SHEET EPOXY RESIN R180

EPOXY R180 RESIN @ 1L EPOXY R180 RESIN @ 4L EPOXY R180 RESIN @ 20L EPOXY R180 RESIN @ 100L EPOXY R180 RESIN @ 200L EPOXY H180 HARD FAST 0.2LT EPOXY H180 HARD FAST 0.8LT EPOXY H180 HARD FAST 4.0L EPOXY H180 HARD FAST 20KG EPOXY H180 HARD STD 0.2LT EPOXY H180 HARD STD 0.8LT EPOXY H180 HARD STD 4.0L EPOXY H180 HARD STD 20KG EPOXY H180 HARD SLOW 0.2LT EPOXY H180 HARD SLOW 0.8LT EPOXY H180 HARD SLOW 4.0L EPOXY H180 HARD SLOW 20KG USE 6ER180HT FOR TROPICAL EPOXY/ POLYESTER POWDERS PERFORMANCE ADHESIVE 904 1L PERFORMANCE ADHESIVE 904 4L PERFORMANCE ADHESIVE 904 20L ADHESIVE 906 1L ADHESIVE 906 4L ADHESIVE 906 20L PERFORMANCE FAIRING 911 1L PERFORMANCE FAIRING 911 4L PERFORMANCE FAIRING 911 20L LIGHTWEIGHT FAIRING 910 1L LIGHTWEIGHT FAIRING 910 4L LIGHTWEIGHT FAIRING 910 20L 6EFPA01 6EFPA04 6EFPA20 6EFA01 6EFA04 6AFA20 6EFPF01 6EFPF04 6EFPF20 6EFLWF01 6EFLWF04 6EFLWF20 6 x 1L 4 x 4L BAG 6 x 1L 4 x 4L BAG 6 x 1L 4 x 4L BAG 6 x 1L 4 x 4L BAG

CODES OUTER PACK SIZE ORDER QUANTITY

6ER180R01 6ER180R04 6ER180R20 6ER180R100 6ER180R200 6ER180HF.2 6ER180HF.8 6ER180HF04 6ER180HF20 6ER180HS.2 6ER180HS.8 6ER180HS04 6ER180HS20 6ER180HSL.2 6ER180HSL.8 6ER180HSL04 6ER180HSL20

6 x 1L 4 x 4L ea ea ea 6 x 200ml 6 x 800ml 4 x 4L ea 6 x 200ml 6 x 800ml 4 x 4L ea 6 x 200ml 6 x 800ml 4 x 4L ea

Nuplex Composites is New Zealand's largest supplier to the composite industry Visit our website www.nuplexcomposites.co.nz to view the full range. Fax Order Form to: 0800 50 50 88 or email: [email protected]

No warranty either expressed o implied or statutory is made by NUPLEX in this document except as r expressly stated in any sale and purchase agreement entered into between NUPLEX and the buyer. The description of the product or products and the properties of the product or products contained in this document is for the sole purpose of identifying the product or products and describing their property or properties and does not constitute a warranty that the product or its properties shall conform to that description; nor is the description of the product and/or its properties a warranty by NUPLEX that the goods are suitable for a particular purpose.

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