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Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in text.a Scientificname Xenopus laevis Rana grylio Bufo boreas boreas Rana catesbeiana Rana chiricahuensis Pseudacris spp. Rana temporaria Rana esculenta Mixophyes iteratus Rana clamitans Atelopus varius Rana ridibunda Ambystoma talpoideum Rana pipiens Rana aurora Limnodynastes ornatus Ambystoma maculatum Ambystoma tigrinum Rana spp. Rana sylvatica Dermacentor variabilis Aedes albopictus Cimex spp. Haemaphysalis chordeilis Ixodes scapularis (formerly Ixodes dammini) Loxosceles reclusa Chrysops spp. Ixodes scapularis (formerly Ixodes dammini) Ixodes ricinus Hirstionyssus spp. Tabanus spp. Pediculus humanus Amblyomma americanum Sarcoptes scabiei Dermacentor reticulatus Dermacentor pictus Culicoides spp. Dermacentor albipictus Cochliomyia hominivorax

Commonname AmpHibiAnS African clawed frog American pig frog Boreal toad Bullfrog Chiricahua leopard frog Chorus frogs Common European frog Edible frog Giant barred frog Green frog Harlequin frog Marsh frog (lake frog) Mole salamander Northern leopard frog Northern red-legged frog Ornate burrowing frog Spotted salamander Tiger salamander True frogs Wood frog ARTHRopoDS American dog tick Asian tiger mosquito Bedbugs Bird tick Black-legged tick Brown recluse spider Deer flies Deer tick European castor bean tick Gamasid mites Horse flies Lice Lone star tick Mange mite (itch mite, scabies) Marsh tick (ornate cow tick) Meadow tick Midges Moose tick (winter tick) New World screwworm

334 DiseaseEmergenceandResurgence:TheWildlife-HumanConnection

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Aedes cinereus Aedes excrucians Chrysops aestuans Chrysops discalis Chrysops fulvaster Chrysops relictus Haemaphysalis concinna Haemaphysalis flava Ixodes angustus Ixodes apronophorus Ixodes dentatus Tabanus bromius Chrysozona pluvialis Ixodes nipponensis Rhipicephalus pumilio Rhipicephalus rossicus Tabanus autumnalis Dermacentor marginatus Dermacentor occidentalis Dermacentor parumapertus Haemaphysalis leporispalustris Ixodes persulcatus Ixodes pacificus Dermacentor andersoni Pygoscelis adeliae Fulica americana Corvus brachyrhynchos Turdus migratorius Scolopax minor Branta bernicla Cyanopica cyanus Haliaeetus leucocephalus Columba fasciata Hirundo rustica Milvus migrans (formerly Milvus korschun) Pica pica Larus ridibundus Dendragapus obscurus Colinus virginianus Phalacrocorax penicillatus

Commonname None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None None Ornate sheep tick Pacific Coast tick Rabbit dermacentor Rabbit tick Taiga tick Western black-legged tick Wood tick (Rocky Mountain wood tick) biRDS Adelie penguin American coot American crow American robin American woodcock Atlantic brant (brant) Azure-winged magpie Bald eagle Band-tailed pigeon Barn swallow Black kite Black-billed magpie (common magpie) Black-headed gull Blue grouse Bobwhite quail (northern bobwhite) Brandt's cormorant

Appendixb. CommonandScientificnamesofAnimalsandplantsinText 335

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Pelecanus occidentalis Catharacta antarctica Larus californicus Branta canadensis Phalacrocorax capensis Tetrao urogallus Gallus domesticus Alectoris chukar Somateria mollissima Gavia immer Gallinula chloropus Anous stolidus Sterna hirundo Syrmaticus soemmerringii Phalacrocorax spp. Crex crex Corvus spp. Phalacrocorax auritus Podiceps nigricollis Megascops asio (formerly Otus asio) Aptenodytes forsteri Turdus merula Buteo buteo Larus pipixcan Accipiter gentilis Gallinula chloropus Perdix perdix Larus marinus Strix nebulosa Bubo virginianus Anas crecca Larus argentatus Corvus cornix Eremophila alpestris Carpodacus mexicanus Gyps indicus Gyps bengalensis Coturnix coturnix Aythya affinis Lanius ludovicianus Clangula hyemalis

Commonname Brown pelican Brown skua California gull Canada goose Cape cormorant Capercaillie Chicken, domestic Chukar partridge (chukar) Common eider Common loon Common moorhen Common noddy (brown noddy) Common tern Copper pheasant Cormorants Corncrake Crows Double-crested cormorant Eared grebe Eastern screech-owl Emperor penguin Eurasian blackbird Eurasian buzzard (common buzzard) Franklin's gull Goshawk (northern goshawk) Gray moorhen (common moorhen) Gray partridge (Hungarian partridge) Great black-backed gull Great gray owl Great horned owl Green-winged teal Herring gull Hooded crow Horned lark House finch Indian long-billed vulture Indian white-backed vulture Japanese quail Lesser scaup Loggerhead shrike Long-tailed duck

336 DiseaseEmergenceandResurgence:TheWildlife-HumanConnection

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Gavia spp. Anas platyrhynchos Zenaida macroura Struthio camelus Haematopus spp. Anas platyrhynchos Columba livia Carduelis pinus Falco mexicanus Corvus corax Mergus serrator Aythya americana Buteo lineatus Buteo jamaicensis Larus delawarensis Phasianus colchicus Eudyptes chrysocome Buteo lagopus Bonasa umbellus Centrocercus urophasianus Grus canadensis Tympanuchus phasianellus (formerly Pedioecetes phasianellus) Chen caerulescens Sterna fuscata Accipiter nisus Somateria fischeri Sturnus vulgaris Strix aluco Meleagris gallopavo Strix uralensis Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Gygis alba Anous spp. Zenaida asiatica Melanitta fusca Grus americana Meleagris gallopavo Lagopus lagopus Stephanocoenia michelini Colpophyllia natans

Commonname Loons Mallard (mallard duck) Mourning dove Ostrich Oystercatchers Pekin duck Pigeon Pine siskin Prairie falcon Raven (common raven) Red-breasted merganser Redhead duck (redhead) Red-shouldered hawk Red-tailed hawk Ring-billed gull Ring-necked pheasant Rockhopper penguin Rough-legged buzzard (rough-legged hawk) Ruffed grouse Sage grouse Sandhill crane Sharp-tailed grouse Snow goose Sooty tern Sparrowhawk (Eurasian sparrowhawk) Spectacled eider Starlings (European starling) Tawny owl Turkey, domestic Ural owl White pelican (American white pelican) White tern White-capped noddy White-winged dove White-winged scoter Whooping crane Wild turkey Willow ptarmigan (willow grouse, red grouse) CoRAlS Blushing star coral Brain coral (boulder brain coral)

Appendixb. CommonandScientificnamesofAnimalsandplantsinText 337

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Acropora palmata Millepora alcicornis Siderastrea siderea Montastraea faveolata Gorgonia spp. Acropora cervicornis Montastraea cavernosa Diadema antillarum Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis Oncorhynchus rhodurus Gadus morhua Hippoglossus hippoglossus Clupea harengus Brevoortia tyrannus Salmo salar Stegastes partitus Hypophthalmichthys nobilis (formerly Aristichthys nobilis) Oreochromis aureus (formerly Tilapia aurea) Pomatomus saltatrix Salmo trutta Cyprinus carpio Ictalurus spp. Ameiurus melas (formerly Ictalurus melas) Ictalurus punctatus Salvelinus alpinus Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Oncorhynchus keta Gadus morhua Oncorhynchus kisutch Cyprinus carpio Carassius carassius Coryphaena hippurus Siganus fuscescens Salmo trutta Carassius auratus Ctenopharyngodon idella Thymallus thymallus Melanogrammus aeglefinus Clupea spp.

Commonname Elkhorn coral Fire coral Massive starlet coral Mountainous star coral Sea fan corals Staghorn coral Star coral (great star coral) ECHinoDERmS Black (long-spined) sea urchin Green sea urchin FinFiSH Amago salmon Atlantic cod Atlantic halibut Atlantic herring Atlantic menhaden Atlantic salmon Bicolor damselfish Bighead carp Blue tilapia Bluefish Brown trout Carp Catfish Catfish (European) (black bullhead) Channel catfish Char Chinook salmon Chum salmon Cod Coho salmon Common carp Crucian carp Dolphin (mahi-mahi) Dusky spinefoot European brown trout (brown trout) Goldfish Grass carp Grayling Haddock Herring

338 DiseaseEmergenceandResurgence:TheWildlife-HumanConnection

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Gila cypha Morone chrysops x Morone saxatilis Aphanius iberus Paralichthys olivaceus Trachurus japonicus Oryzias latipes Oplegnathus fasciatus Cyprinus carpio Oncorhynchus nerka Lampetra spp., Ichthyomyzon spp., Petromyzon spp. Micropterus salmoides Scomber spp. Macquaria australasica Oncorhynchus masou Brevoortia tyrannus Gambusia affinis Galaxias olidus Oreochromis mossambicus Oreochromis niloticus Engraulis mordax Esox lucius Gadus macrocephalus Clupea harengus pallasi Oncorhynchus spp. Esox spp. Sardinops neopilchardus Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Oncorhynchus mykiss Pagrus major (formerly Chrysophrys major) Tilapia zillii Perca fluviatilis Ciliata mustela (formerly Onos mustelus) Neogobius melanostomus Tilapia spp. Dicentrarchus labrax Silurus glanis Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Bidyanus bidyanus Chrysophrys auratus (formerly Pagrus auratus) Oncorhynchus nerka Sprattus sprattus

Commonname Humpback chub Hybrid striped (sunshine) bass Iberian (Spanish) toothcarp Japanese flounder Japanese horse mackerel Japanese madaka Japanese parrotfish Koi Kokanee salmon Lamprey Largemouth bass Mackerel Macquarie perch Masu salmon Menhaden Mosquito fish Mountain galaxias Mozambique tilapia Nile tilapia Northern anchovy Northern pike Pacific cod Pacific herring Pacific salmon Pike Pilchard Pink salmon Rainbow trout Red sea bream Redbelly tilapia Redfin perch Rockling Round goby Saint Peter's fish Sea bass Sheatfish Silver carp Silver perch Snapper Sockeye salmon Sprat

Appendixb. CommonandScientificnamesofAnimalsandplantsinText 339

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Oncorhynchus mykiss Gasterosteus spp. Morone saxatilis Tinca tinca Oreochromis mossambicus (fomerly Tilapia mossambica) Oreochromis spp. (formerly Tilapia spp.) Thunnus spp. Psetta maxima (formerly Scophthalmus maximus) Oreochromis urolepis Acipenser transmontanus Coregonus spp. Coregonus clupeaformis Oncorhynchus masou Perca flavescens Seriola quinqueradiata Loxodonta africana Chlorocebus aethiops Panthera leo Lycaon pictus Alligator mississippiensis Taxidea taxus Ursus americanus Ammospermophilus spp. Vulpes lagopus Elephas maximus Tursiops truncatus Stenella frontalis Odobenus rosmarus Lagenorhynchus acutus Neophoca cinerea Axis axis Pusa sibirica (formerly Phoca sibirica) Mungos mungo Castor canadensis Ovis canadensis Bison bison Delphinus delphis Antilope cervicapra Mustela nigripes Lepus californicus

Commonname Steelhead trout Stickleback fish Striped bass Tench Tilapia Tilapid Tuna Turbot Wami tilapia White sturgeon Whitefish Whitefish (lake whitefish) Yamame salmon Yellow perch (lake perch) Yellowtail mAmmAlS African elephant African green monkey African lion (lion) African wild dog American alligator American badger American black bear (black bear) Antelope squirrel Arctic fox Asian elephant Atlantic bottlenose dolphin Atlantic spotted dolphin Atlantic walrus Atlantic white-sided dolphin Australian sea lion Axis deer Baikal seal Banded mongoose Beaver Bighorn sheep Bison (American bison) Black Sea common dolphin Blackbuck antelope Black-footed ferret Black-tailed jackrabbit

340 DiseaseEmergenceandResurgence:TheWildlife-HumanConnection

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Lepus timidus Lynx rufus Sylvilagus bachmani Trichosurus spp. Syncerus caffer Phocoena spinipinnis Neotoma cinerea Spermophilus beecheyi (formerly Citellus beecheyi) Microtus californicus Zalophus californianus Enhydra lutris Microtus californicus Camelus spp. Peromyscus crinitus Lepus capensis Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris Rangifer tarandus Pusa caspica (fomerly Phoca caspica) Felis silvestris (formerly Felis catus) Bos taurus Papio ursinus Rupicapra rupicapra Pan troglodytes Chinchilla spp. Dipodomys microps Tamias dorsalis Nasua narica Pecari tajacu Spermophilus columbianus Delphinus delphis Sigmodon spp. Sylvilagus floridanus Sylvilagus spp. Puma concolor (formerly Felis concolor) Canis latrans Macaca fascicularis Peromyscus maniculatus Sciurus niger cinereus (formerly Sciurus cinereus) Ovis canadensis Sylvilagus audubonii Neotoma lepida

Commonname Blue hare (mountain hare, varying hare) Bobcat Brush rabbit Brush-tailed possums Buffalo (African buffalo, cape buffalo) Burmeister's porpoise Bushy-tailed woodrat California ground squirrel California meadow vole California sea lion California sea otter California vole Camel Canyon mouse Cape hare (European hare) Capybara Caribou Caspian seal Cat, domestic Cattle, domestic Chacma baboon Chamois Chimpanzee Chinchilla Chisel-toothed kangaroo rat Cliff chipmunk Coatimundi Collared peccary Columbian ground squirrel Common dolphin Cotton rats Cottontail rabbit (Eastern cottontail) Cottontail rabbits Cougar (mountain lion, puma) Coyote Cynomolgus macaque Deer mouse Delmarva Peninsula fox squirrel Desert bighorn sheep Desert cottontail Desert woodrat

Appendixb. CommonandScientificnamesofAnimalsandplantsinText 341

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Canis lupus (formerly Canis dingo) Canis lupus (formerly Canis familiaris) Lagenorhynchus obscurus Neotoma fuscipes Tamias striatus Spilogale putorius Cervus elaphus Canis simensis Meles meles Oryctolagus cuniculus Sciurus vulgaris Felis silvestris Dama dama Sus scrofa Balaenoptera physalus Trichechus manatus latirostris Glaucomys spp. Sylvilagus brasiliensis Sciurus niger Cricetomys gambianus Giraffa camelopardalis Capra hircus Leontopithecus rosalia Thryonomys swinderianus Urocyon cinereoargenteus Halichoerus grypus Sciurus carolinensis Canis lupus Dipodomys microps Perognathus parvus Artibeus lituratus Rhombomys opimus Cynomys gunnisoni Phocoena phocoena Phoca vitulina Lepus spp. Pagophilus groenlandicus (formerly Phoca groenlandica) Monachus schauinslandi Cystophora cristata Equus caballus

Commonname Dingo Dog, domestic Dusky dolphin Dusky-footed woodrat Eastern chipmunk Eastern spotted skunk Elk Ethiopian wolf European badger European rabbit European red squirrel European wildcat Fallow deer Feral swine Fin whale Florida manatee Flying squirrels Forest rabbit Fox squirrel Gambian rat Giraffe Goat, domestic Golden lion tamarin Grasscutter Gray fox Gray seal Gray squirrel Gray wolf (timber wolf) Great Basin kangaroo rat Great Basin pocket mouse Great fruit-eating bat Great gerbil Gunnison's prairie dog Harbor porpoise Harbor seal Hare Harp seal Hawaiian monk seal Hooded seal Horse, domestic

European brown hare (brown hare, European hare) Lepus europaeus

342 DiseaseEmergenceandResurgence:TheWildlife-HumanConnection

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Mus musculus Crocuta spp. or Hyaena spp. Capra ibex Canis spp. Lepus brachyurus Vulpes macrotis Tamias minimus Lemmus spp. Tragelaphus imberbis Lama glama Globicephala melas (formerly Globicephala melaena) Chaetodipus formosus Macaca spp. Trichechus manatus Paguma larvata Microtus pennsylvanicus Microtus pennsylvanicus Monachus monachus Suricata suricatta Mustela vison Microtus montanus Alces alces Ovis aries (formerly Ovis musimon) Sylvilagus nuttallii Oreamnos americanus Gorilla gorilla Lepus timidus Odocoileus hemionus Muntiacus spp. Ondatra zibethicus Arctocephalus forsteri Phocarctos hookeri Callorhinus ursinus Rattus norvegicus Oryctolagus cuniculus Papio hamadryas anubis Didelphis virginiana Dipodomys ordii Peromyscus spp. Tursiops truncatus Delphinus delphis

Commonname House mouse Hyenas Ibex Jackal Japanese hare Kit fox Least chipmunk Lemming Lesser kudu Llama Long-finned pilot whale Long-tailed pocket mouse Macaque Manatee Masked palm civet Meadow vole Meadow vole (meadow mouse) Mediterranean monk seal Meerkat Mink Montane vole Moose Mouflon Mountain cottontail rabbit Mountain goat Mountain gorilla (gorilla) Mountain hare (blue hare, varying hare) Mule deer Muntjac deer Muskrat New Zealand fur seal New Zealand sea lion Northern fur seal Norway rat Old World rabbit Olive baboon Opossum (Virginia opossum) Ord's kangaroo rat Osgood white-footed mouse Pacific bottlenose dolphin Pacific common dolphin

Appendixb. CommonandScientificnamesofAnimalsandplantsinText 343

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Phoca vitulina richardsi Stenella attenuata Sus scrofa Martes spp. Peromyscus truei Spermophilus mollis Ursus maritimus Erethizon dorsatum Cynomys spp. Antilocapra americana Brachylagus idahoensis (formerly Sylvilagus idahoensis) Oryctolagus cuniculus Procyon lotor Cervus elaphus Vulpes vulpes (formerly Vulpes fulvus) Tamiasciurus hudsonicus Canis rufus Clethrionomys spp. Peromyscus spp. Rangifer tarandus Macaca mulatta Spermophilus richardsonii Pusa hispida (fomerly Phoca hispida) Lontra canadensis (formerly Lutra canadensis) Funisciurus anerythrus Cervus timorensis Cervus unicolor Microtus pennsylvanicus Enhydra lutris Ovis aries Lepus americanus Peromyscus maniculatus sonoriensis Cercocebus torquatus atys Arctocephalus australis Otaria flavescens (formerly Otaria byronia) Enhydra lutris nereis Eumetopias jubatus Mustela erminea Stenella coeruleoalba Mephitis mephitis Arctocephalus tropicalis

Commonname Pacific harbor seal Pantropical spotted dolphin Pig, domestic Pine marten Pinyon mouse Piute ground squirrel Polar bear Porcupine Prairie dog Pronghorn (pronghorn antelope) Pygmy rabbit Rabbit, domestic Raccoon Red deer Red fox Red squirrel Red wolf Red-backed vole Redwood's white-footed mouse Reindeer Rhesus macaque Richardson's ground squirrel Ringed seal River otter Rope squirrel (Thomas's rope squirrel) Rusa deer (Timor deer) Sambar deer (sambar) Sawatch Meadow vole Sea otter Sheep, domestic Snowshoe hare (varying hare) Sonoran white-footed (deer) mouse Sooty mangabey South American fur seal Southern sea lion Southern sea otter Steller's sea lion Stoat (ermine) Striped dolphin Striped skunk Subantarctic fur seal

344 DiseaseEmergenceandResurgence:TheWildlife-HumanConnection

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Hemitragus spp. Panthera tigris Spermophilus townsendii Sciurus spp. Microtus oeconomus Spermophilus armatus Microtus pennsylvanicus Microtus spp. Odobenus rosmarus Sorex vagrans Cervus elaphus Bubalus spp. Arvicola terrestris Trichechus manatus Reithrodontomys megalotis Zapus princeps Peromyscus leucopus Cervus albirostris Odocoileus virginianus Lepus townsendii Cynomys leucurus Neotoma albiqula Sus scrofa Sus scrofa Sus scrofa Rattus spp. Sus scrofa Tamiasciurus hudsonicus ventorum Marmota monax Spermophilus elegans Marmota flaviventris Porolithon spp. Zostera marina Thalassia testudinum Pituophis catenifer Osteolaemus spp. and Crocodylus spp. Gopherus agassizii (formerly Scaptochelys agassizii) Geochelone nigra Gopherus polyphemus (formerly Testudo polyphemus)

Commonname Tahr Tiger Townsend's ground squirrel Tree squirrels Tundra vole Uinta ground squirrel Vole (meadow vole, meadow mouse) Voles Walrus Wandering shrew (vagrant shrew) Wapiti Water buffaloes Water vole West Indian manatee Western harvest mouse Western jumping mouse White-footed mouse White-lipped deer (Thorold's deer ) White-tailed deer White-tailed jackrabbit White-tailed prairie dog White-throated woodrat Wild boar Wild hogs Wild pigs Wild rats Wild swine Wind River pine squirrel Woodchuck Wyoming ground squirrel Yellow-bellied marmot plAnTS Coralline algae Eelgrass (seawrack) Turtlegrass REpTilES Bullsnake Crocodiles Desert tortoise Giant tortoise (Galapagos tortoise) Gopher tortoise

Appendixb. CommonandScientificnamesofAnimalsandplantsinText 345

Appendixb.

Common and scientific names of animals and plants in texta--Continued. Scientificname Iguana iguana Morelia viridis Chelonia mydas Caretta caretta Python regius Pelodiscus sinensis (formerly Trionyx sinensis) Caiman crocodilus Gopherus berlandieri (formerly Xerobates berlandieri) Haliotis cracherodii Mytilus edulis Crassostrea virginica Potamon potamios Gammarus spp. Homarus americanus Crassostrea virginica Crassostrea gigas Penaeus spp. Dreissena bugensis Mercenaria mercenaria Haliotis rufescens Procambarus clarkii Mya arenaria Dreissena polymorpha Xestospongia spp. Xestospongia muta

Commonname Green iguana Green python Green turtle (green sea turtle) Loggerhead turtle Royal python Soft-shelled turtle (Chinese softshell turtle) Spectacled caiman Texas tortoise SHEllFiSH Black abalone Blue mussel Eastern oyster (American oyster) Freshwater crab Freshwater shrimp Lobster (American lobster) New Brunswick oyster Pacific oyster Penaeid shrimp Quagga mussel Quahog (northern quahog, hard clam) Red abalone Red swamp crayfish Soft-shelled clam (softshell clam) Zebra mussel SpongES Barrel sponges Large barrel sponge (giant barrel sponge)

a

literatureCited:

1. IntegratedTaxonomicInformationSystem,2004,IntegratedTaxonomicInformationSystemon-linedatabase,accessedMarch1, 2005,atURLhttp://www.itis.usda.gov. 2. Clements,J.F.,2000,Birdsoftheworld:achecklist(5thed.):Vista,Calif.,IbisPublishingCompany,867p. 3. Nowak,R.M.,andParadiso,J.L.,1983,Walker'sMammalsoftheworld(4thed.):Baltimore,Md.,TheJohnsHopkinsUniversity Press,2v.

346 DiseaseEmergenceandResurgence:TheWildlife-HumanConnection

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