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Oman Waste Management Sector Workshop

Oman Environmental Services Holding Company

5 Feb 2010

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Azhar Haroun Al Kindi Chief Executive Officer Oman Environmental Services Holding Company

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Population ­ 654,000 3 Schools with a total of 909 students 10 km of paved roads and 1,700km of unpaved roads 1 small Hospital with unreliable electricity A few small guest houses in the Capital 3 Banks No sea ports 1 small air strip No factories or industry at all No Tourism

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Population ­ 2.9 million 1538 Schools, Institutes of Higher Education with a total of 940,000 students Over 23,223 km of paved roads and 26,000 km of unpaved roads 58 Government Hospitals and 145 Government Health centers with 5,871 Doctors More than 190 Hotels and Rest Houses 20 Major Banks with over 365 Branches 3 major sea ports & 3 more expected 3 major airports & 9 domestic airports There are now over 812 factories and 5 industrial estates Tourism is one of the key sectors in economic development

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Population ­ 654,000 3 Schools with a total of 909 students 10 km of paved roads and 1,700km of unpaved roads unreliable electricity

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Population ­ 2.9 million 1538 Schools, Institutes of Higher Education with a total of 940,000 students Over 23,223 km of paved roads and 26,000 km of unpaved roads 58 Government Hospitals and 145 Government Health centers with 5,871 Doctors More than 190 Hotels and Rest Houses 20 Major Banks with over 365 Branches

1971 ­ Less waste Ø 1 small Hospital with generated

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A few small guest houses in the Capital 3 Banks No sea ports 1 small air strip No factories or industry at all No Tourism

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3 major sea ports & 3 more expected 3 major airports & 9 domestic airports There are now over 812 factories and 5 industrial estates Tourism is one of the key sectors in economic development

2010 ­ Increasing waste generation

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Background of Waste Management Sector in Oman Waste Management Roadmap

Privatisation Concept & Private Sector Participation

Business Opportunities in Waste Sector in Oman

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Muscat Municipality

Dhofar Municipality

Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Water Resources

Sohar Development Office

Ministry of Environment & Climatic Affairs

· Licensing the collection, storage, han dling, transport and disposal of nonhazardous and industrial waste · Licensing the generation, ownership, storage, pretreatment, landfill and discharge of hazardous waste

Ministry of Health

· Medical waste management · Approval for licensing arrangement Medical Waste

· Municipal Solid Waste · Management of the collection and transportation · Disposal of non-hazardous waste · Management of landfills

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Industrial Waste (Hazardous & NonHazardous)

Used Tyres

Healthcare Waste

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Municipal Solid Waste

Electronic Waste

Construction & Demolition Waste

Waste Type and Source

WASTE GENERATION

Municipal Waste Industrial Waste Healthcare Waste C&D Waste

COLLECTION

Transportation Not Available Transportation Transportation

DISPOSAL

Landfill Storage Incineration & Landfill Landfill

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O L D S T A N D A R D S

Waste Minimisation

Waste Minimisation Reduce/Recycle Treatment

N E W S T A N D A R D S

Reduce/Recycle

Treatment

Disposal

Disposal

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O L D S T A N D A R D S

Waste Minimisation

Waste Minimisation Reduce/Recycle Treatment

N E W S T A N D A R D S

Reduce/Recycle

Treatment

Disposal

Disposal

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Current Standards in Oman

Total Population in Oman = 2,867,428 Total Land area = 309,500 square km Population density = 9.2 Inhabitants per square km

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834,760

2,867,428 660,634 760,454 367,966 308,730 273,052 189,530 1,595,000 313,796 258,567 111,542 86 35,473 29,640 114,074 103 128,916 28426 45 61 47,032 Musandam Al Dhahirah 6 Al Dakhliyah Al Sharqiyah Al Wusta 21 Dhofar 21 Total for Oman

Sources (2009): 1. Ministry of Regional Municipalities & Water Resources 2. Muscat Municipality 3. Dhofar Municipality 4. Ministry of National Economy ­ Statistics Yearbook 2009

Muscat

7

Al Batinah

Population Waste Generation tonnes per annum Landfills

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350

834,760

2,867,428 660,634 760,454 367,966 308,730 273,052 189,530 1,595,000 313,796 258,567 111,542 86 35,473 29,640 114,074 103 128,916 28426 45 61 47,032 Musandam Al Dhahirah 6 Al Dakhliyah Al Sharqiyah Al Wusta 21 Dhofar 21 Total for Oman

Sources (2009): 1. Ministry of Regional Municipalities & Water Resources 2. Muscat Municipality 3. Dhofar Municipality 4. Ministry of National Economy ­ Statistics Yearbook 2009

Muscat

7

Al Batinah

Population Waste Generation tonnes per annum Landfills

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350

Other Waste Statistics (estimated)

Electronic Waste 38,519.60 tonnes (2008) Healthcare Waste 22,753 tonnes (2008) Used Tyres 4 million (Rasoot Dumpsite) Hazardous Waste 291,942 tonnes (2001) Construction & Demolition Waste 735,341 (2009, Muscat Governorate Only)

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7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0

Employees Vehicles

Total Manpower = 6575 Total Vehicles = 1284 Total Dumpsites/Landfills = 350

Al Batinah 1418 281

Muscat 1830 319

Al Dhakhilia 895 110

Al Dhahira 318 60

Dhofar 401 169

Musandam 481 76

Al Sharqiya 1033 221

Al Wusta 199 48

Total 6575 1284

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Current Waste Management Infrastructure

· 2 Engineered Landfills · 1 Transfer Station · 1 Hazardous Waste Temporary Storage Facility · 348 Identified Dumpsites operated by Municipalities · Other numerous unauthorised dumpsites

Sources: 1. Ministry of Regional Municipalities & Water Resources 2. Muscat Municipality 3. Dhofar Municipality 4. E&Y

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OESHCO background · July 2007 - Oman Environmental Services Holding Company, S.A.O.C (OESHCO) was officially established based on the recommendations of the National Solid Waste Management Strategy Report commissioned by the Ministry of National Economy · 8 August 2009 - OESHCO legal status was granted through a Royal Decree No. 46/2009.

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by providing safe, efficient and most economical environmental services in innovative ways

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Current Waste Processes

Best Practices

Waste Generation Segregation

Related Processes

Prevention Minimisation Avoidance Classification

National Strategies Implementation

Public Awareness Regulations and Enforcement Waste Policies Fees & Tariffs for waste disposal

Waste Generation

· · · ·

Collection

Collection Transportation Treatment

Recycling Composting Reuse Recovery Landfill

Transportation

Service Standards & Efficiency for collection and transportation

Waste to Energy Waste to reusable materials Landfill Standards and Standardisations

Disposal

· Landfill

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Disposal

Current Waste Processes

Best Practices

Waste Generation Segregation

Related Processes

Prevention Minimisation Avoidance Classification

National Strategies Implementation

Public Awareness Regulations and Enforcement Waste Policies Fees & Tariffs for waste disposal

Waste Generation

· · · ·

Collection

Collection Transportation

Recycling Composting Reuse Recovery Landfill

Transportation

Service Standards & Efficiency for collection and transportation

Disposal

· Landfill

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Treatment Restructuring the Waste Sector towards Privatisation Disposal

Waste to Energy Waste to reusable materials

Landfill Standards and Standardisations

Oman Current Practice of Waste Disposal - 100% Dumpsites

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>> Focus on environment

24

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Government

· · · · · ·

Policy/Institutional Framework Legal Framework Accounting Monitoring & Evaluation Emergency Response Licensing , Facilities , Transportation & Exporters

Board of Directors

· Adherence to Vision/Mission · Guidance and Influence to Stakeholders, National, Regional & Municipal · Status as a Holding Company, and/or Temporary Response Unit, or Implementation of Projects or Managing Subsidiary Companies or What??? · Framework for Managing OESHCO · Work Programme to match framework · Resources to match framework

Oman Environmental Services Holding Company

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Recommendations Waste Sector

1. 2. 3. 4.

Fast in Oman Institutional Structure for Non Hazardous Solid Waste Management Track Emergency Projects Institutional Structure for Hazardous Waste Management in Oman Projects Establish a Government owned holding company Establish a single independent regulatory body responsible for solid and Solid Waste hazardous waste on national basis 16 Engineer · New landfill in Muscat 5. Establish a single "framework" Sector Law with separate regulations covering Endorsement Landfills · Barka Solid Waste non-hazardous and hazardous waste Management project 6. Apply Full Cost Accounting systemof across the whole solid waste management chain and use this system as the basis for establishing Solid Waste Sector 65 Waste Management tariffs Medical Law Transfer · Medical waste 7. Recommended Fast Tracks Projects collection, Stations 8. Retain full flexibility in the basis on which Private Sector Participationtreatmentin (PSP) and disposal for Dhofar the SWM sector is structured 9. Recognised different nature of waste business and related investment cycles 4 Waste Hazardous in option for PSP Treatment SWM stakeholders resources and experience necessary to · National Hazardous Waste 10. Reinforce existing Plants Management project at support the proposed sector restructuring Adam

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Upstream

Ø Waste Prevention & Minimisation Ø Waste Reduction ,Reusable ,Recycling Ø Public Awareness Programme & Campaigns Ø Segregation at source Ø Pre-collection services Ø Ø Ø Ø Ø Collection of waste Street cleaning Cleaning of public areas Transportation of waste Waste Transfer Stations

Middle Stream

Treatment

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Downstream

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Disposal

Material Recovery Composting Refuse Driven Fuel (RDF) Energy Recovery (Waste to Energy) Treatment for hazardous waste Research and Development

Ø Engineered Landfill

Most Favoured Option

Least Favoured Option

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Q1 2011

Institutional Framework Waste Information System Waste Management Masterplan Financial Recovery Mechanism

· Development of institutional framework based on Cradle to Grave Concept · Development of structures along with roles and responsibilities of organizations · Meetings with key stakeholders identified in the institutional framework · Implementation of baseline study to obtain critical information in the current waste management sector · Setting up of waste information repository system · Development of eServices for WMS

·Identification of key resources required for the development of the institutional framework and Waste Management Masterplan ·Development of Framework procedures for the Waste Management Masterplan ·Development of updated Waste Management Masterplan based on cradle to cradle principle ·Development of key activities in the implementing the Waste Management Masterplan, the resource requirements, the recommended timeline and estimated duration for each activity ·Conduct workshops for all stakeholders and staff on the revised Waste Management Masterplan

Q1-Q4 2011

Q2 2011Q4 2012

Q1-Q4 2012

· Development of Financial Recovery Mechanism · Development of Tarff Structure

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· · · · ·

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Pre-collection services Collection Street Cleaning Transportation Management of infrastructure · Introduction of new services Ø Waste treatment facilities Ø Research and Development

· · · · ·

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Pre-collection services Collection Street Cleaning Transportation Outsourcing is key to Management of infrastructure OESHCO's · Introduction of new servicesdevelopment strategy Ø Waste treatment facilities Ø Research and Development

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16 Engineer Landfills 65 Waste Transfer Stations 4 Waste Treatment Plants

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Generation

· Waste Prevention & Minimisation · Waste Reduction · Public Awareness Programmes & Campaigns · Pre-Collection Services

Collection & Transportation

· Street cleaning & Cleaning of public areas · Transportation of waste · Management & Operations of Waste Transfer Stations · Collection and transportation of hazardous waste

Treatment

· Material Recovery Facilities/Recycling Facilities · Composting Facilities · Waste to Energy Plant · Research and Development Facility

Disposal

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· Closure and Rehabilitation of existing dumpsites · Operations and Management of Engineered Landfills, Waste Treatment Plants and Waste Transfer Stations

Details will be provided by; 1. Eng Ahmed Al Farsi 2. Mr Ashraf Atout 3. Eng Maher Al Wahaibi

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· Public Awareness Programme to change mindset · Reduce, reuse and recycle waste, waste minimisation programmes · Private Sector involvement · Introduction of tariffs for waste disposal

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Thank You

Together for Cleaner Oman

www.oeshc.co.om

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