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NESTORIAN BISHOPRICS AND METROPOLITANATES Mingana, Early Spread of Christianity, 24-36, 73-76; supplemented by Atiya, History of Eastern Christianity, 265-266; Moffett, History of Christianity in Asia, 464; Stewart, Nestorian Missionary Enterprise, 84-85; and Vine, Nestorian Churches, cited in Moffett, 372. Province/Country Abiward/Baward (NW of Khurasan) Khurasan Abrashahr/Iran Shahr (modern Nishapur) Erbil Amul Bishop (554) Metropolitan (779823): 13th in rank Barda Taurisium Bishop (585) Bukhara Bushanj (W of Herat) China (Sin & Masin) Chang-an/Hsian-fu (Xi'an) Mukar Damascus Bishop (225) Bishop (585) Metropolitan (628643 or 712-728?)4: 11th or 14th in rank? 5 Metropolitan (c. 780) Metropolitan (before end of 7th century) Metropolitan before 8th century Bishop (420) Metropolitan (c. 900) Metropolitan before 500?3 City/Town Bishop (Date)1 Bishop (554) Bishop (424) Metropolitan (Date)

Adiabene Tabaristan (N of Damawand) Armenia Arran (W of Caspian Sea) Atropatene (Azerbaijan) Badisi/Badhgis (N of Herat)

Metropolitan before 500?2

Dailumaye/Beith (near Caspian Sea) Damascus

All dates are the earliest recorded date a bishop or metropolitan is mentioned. Some dates are given as specific years and others are recorded as "during the patriarchate of _________" and therefore are indicated as a range of years. 2 According to Vine. Moffett gives this as the 4th in rank. 3 According to Vine. 4 Other dates mentioned in some sources are 410-415 or 505-523, but these seem too early to be accurate. Vine gives the date as about 636. 5 Rankings differ according to different sources.

1

Sijistan Fars

Farah Rewardashir

Bishop (544) Metropolitan (399410 or 415-420)6: 6th in rank Metropolitan (325341): 5th in rank Bishop (424) Metropolitan (585)7: 9th in rank? Metropolitan (628643)8: 8th in rank Metropolitan (628643 or 712-728?)9: 10th or 15th in rank? Metropolitan (1503)10: 15th in rank?

Garamea Khurasan Halwan India

Beit Garmai, later Shahrzur or Karkh (Kirkuk) Herat Halwan Patna?

Java Jerusalem Jilan/Gilan (SW coast of Caspian Sea) Jundishapur (Elam?) Jurjan (SE coast of Caspian Sea) Kadistan (near Herat) China/Turkestan Hyrcania (on Caspian Sea) China China (north China) China/Turkestan Khurasan

6 7

Jerusalem

Bishop (835) Bishop(554)

Metropolitan (1065)

Beit Lapat/ Jundishapur

Bishop (225) Bishop (497) Bishop (585)

Metropolitan (290325)11: 1st in rank

Kashgar & Nuakith Khamlikh/Halah Khan Balik & Falik (Peking) Khatai Kumul/Hami Merv Bishop (1266) Bishop (424) Bishop (???) Bishop

Metropolitan (1180)12: 27th in rank

Metropolitan (1248): 25th in rank Metropolitan (1063) Metropolitan (544)13: 7th in rank

Vine gives the date as between 500 and 650; Moffett gives it as 554. Other dates mentioned in some sources are 410-415 or 505-523, but these seem too early to be accurate. 8 Vine gives the date as 754, but Moffett gives it as 642. 9 Other dates mentioned in some sources are 410-415 or 505-523, but these seem too early to be accurate. Vine gives the date as about 800. 10 Java must have had a metropolitan long before this, the earliest date on record. 11 Vine gives the date as 834. 12 Mingana thinks that there was actually a metropolitan here as early as 650 AD.

7th in rank Merv-ar-Rud (S of Merv) Mosul (Assyria?) Nisibis/Beit `Arbaye Patriarchalis Qatar Rayy Sijistan Turkestan Mosul Nisibis Kashkar Qatar Rayy (near Teheran) Rukhut Samarkand Bishop (225) Bishop (424) Bishop (544) possibly same as Bishopric of Turkestan established for the Hephthalite Huns in 549? Bishop (424) Metropolitan (779823): 14th in rank Tangut possibly same as Bishopric established by Timothy for Tibet in 781? Bishop (225) Bishop (781) Bishop (549) Tus (near Mashad) Zaranj Bishop (497) Bishop (779-823) Bishop (544) Metropolitan (781?): 10th or 22nd in rank? Metropolitan: 26th in rank Metropolitan (early 8th century)16: 12th or 21st in rank? Metropolitan (c. 778) Bishop (544) Metropolitan (290325)14: 4th in rank Metropolitan (290325): 2nd in rank Metropolitan before 500?15

Sijistan Syria China (Gansu Province)

???

Teredon (Prath Maishan) Tibet Turkestan (Hephthalite Huns) Khurasan Yemen Sijistan

Basrah

Metropolitan (290325): 3rd in rank

Other dates proposed are 399-410 or 415-420. Vine gives the date as 651. 15 According to Vine. 16 Various dates are mentioned in different sources for a bishop in Samarkand, including 410-415, 505-523, 628643 or 712-728. Vine gives the date for a metropolitan as 781.

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