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WorldReligions:DiversityandDialogue Religion11/Divinity3220 FallTerm2000:M,W,Fat10:00 Instructor:DianaL.Eck Office:TheStudyofReligion,BarkerCenter,3rdFloor Phone:4955781 ClassWebsite:http://www.courses.fas.harvard.edu/~rel11/ HeadTeachingFellow:KristinScheible Teachingfellows:JustinMcDaniel,JennieSong,NathanRein,LisaLawrence Thiscourseisanintroductiontofiveoftheworld'sreligioustraditionstheHindu, Buddhist,Jewish,ChristianandMuslimtraditions.Wewillfocusonthewritingsof twentiethcenturyadherentsofeachtradition,askingthefollowingquestions:How dopeopleineachtraditionarticulatethecentralsymbols,tenets,andpracticesof theirfaithinthecontextofthequestionsandchallengesofthemodernworld?How dopeopleineachtraditionthinkabouttheirownfaithinthelightofthediversityof otherreligioustraditions?Isreligiousdiversityanddifferenceaproblem?Whatis thespectrumofreligiousperspectiveswithineachtradition?Inadditionto providinganintroductiontothechallengesofreligiousdiversitytoday,thecourse willinvestigatesomeofthecriticalproblemsofinterpretationintheacademicstudy ofreligion. SCHEDULEOFCLASSMEETINGS Note:Inadditiontotheseclassmeetings,therewillbesectionmeetingsfor discussiononceaweekonThursdayorFriday. I.INTRODUCTION Sept.18MIntroductiontotheCourse Sept.20­WWhatis"Religion?"Andhowdoesonestudyit? Sept.22­FReligiousDiversity,ReligiousPluralism,andReligiousTruth Sept.25­MTheAmericanScenein2000 Sept.27­WFirstSectionmeetingsduringclasshour Sept.29­FNoClass,butoursecondsectionmeetingwilltakeplaceonThursday orFridayofthisweek.Discussionoftheassignedreading.

FirstSectionDiscussions:Bringtoyoursectionathreepageessaydescribingthe mostsignificantencounteryouhavehadwithsomeoneofanotherfaithtradition;if youarenotreligious,themostsignificantencounteryouhavehadwithsomeone whois.Whatwassignificantforyouaboutthisencounter?Whatdidyoulearnfrom it? SecondSectionDiscussion:WilfredCantwellSmith,PatternsofFaithAroundthe World(OneWorld,1999);DianaEck,EncounteringGod,Chapters1,2,3,7,8; "DialogueandMethod:ReconstructingtheStudyofReligioninPatton,ed.,AMagic StillDwells. II.THEHINDUTRADITION Oct.2­MWhatisHinduism? Oct.4­WAHinduViewofReligionandtheReligions Oct.6­FFilm:"330millionGods" ReadingforDiscussion:SwamiNikhilananda,Hinduism.(AdditionalReading: ArvindSharma,"Hinduism"inOurReligions) Oct.9­MColumbusDayholiday T.B.A.Film:"MahatmaGandhi:TheGreatSoulLives" Oct.11­WGandhiandtheUnityandDiversityofReligions Oct.13­FPanel:HinduPerspectivesonToday'sIssues ReadingforDiscussion:SelectionsfromM.K.Gandhi,AllReligionsareTrueand DianaL.Eck,"GandhianGuidelinesforaWorldofReligiousDifference"inRobert Ellsberg,ed.,GandhionChristianity. III.THEBUDDHISTTRADITION Oct.16­MWhoistheBuddha? Oct.18­WTheFourNobleTruths,ThenandNow Oct.20­FFilm:"BecomingtheBuddhainL.A." ReadingforSectionDiscussion:WalpolaRahula,WhattheBuddhaTaught. (Additionalreading:MasaoAbe,"Buddhism"inOurReligions)

Oct.23­MDiversitywithintheBuddhistTradition Oct.25­WBuddhistApproachestoReligiousPluralism Oct.27­FPanel:BuddhistPerspectivesonToday'sIssues ReadingforDiscussion:ThichNhatHanh,BeingPeace. IV.THEJEWISHTRADITION Oct.30­MTheJewishTradition:GodandCovenant Nov.1­WCentralSymbolsofJudaism:Torah Nov.3­FPanel:JewishPerspectivesonToday'sIssues ReadingforSectionDiscussion:EmilFackenheim,WhatisJudaism?Introduction, PartsIandII.(AdditionalReading:JacobNeusner,"Judaism"inOurReligions) Nov.6­MCentralSymbolsofJudaism:IsraelandZion Nov.8­WJewishApproachestoReligiousPluralism Nov.8­WFilmScheduledinAfternoonandEvening:"TheJewintheLotus" Nov.10­FVeteran'sDayHoliday:NoClass ReadingforDiscussion:EmilFackenheim,WhatisJudaism?PartIII;Irving Greenberg,"JudaismandChristianityaftertheHolocaust,"AbrahamJoshuaHeschel, "NoReligionisanIsland." V.THECHRISTIANTRADITION Nov.13­MCentralSymbolsofChristianity:Christ,TheIncarnation Nov.15­WCentralSymbolsofChristianity:Credo"Ibelieve..." Nov.17­FFilm:"MineEyesHaveSeentheGlory" Reading:JohnR.Stott,BasicChristianity.(AdditionalReading:HarveyCox, "Christianity"inOurReligions) Nov.20­MCentralSymbolsofChristianity:TheChurch Nov.22­WChristianApproachestoReligiousPluralism

Nov.24­FThanksgivingBreak Nov.27­MPanel:ChristianPerspectivesonToday'sIssues Nov.29­WTheGlobalizationofReligion:Mission,Dialogue,Controversies Dec.1­FMultireligiousPanelandDiscussion ReadingforDiscussion:ByronSherwinandHaroldKasimow,eds.,JohnPaulIIand InterreligiousDialogue,Chapters1,2,3,and5;andDianaL.Eck,EncounteringGod, Chapters4,5,6. VI.THEMUSLIMTRADITION Dec.4­MFundamentalsofIslam:TheOnenessofGod,TheProphetMuhammad Dec.6­WFundamentalsofIslam:TheQu'ran Dec.8­FFilm:"IslaminAmerica" ReadingforDiscussion:FaridEsack,OnBeingaMuslim:FindingaReligiousPathin Today'sWorld.(AdditionalReading:SeyyedHosseinNasr,"Islam"inOurReligions) Dec.11­MFundamentalsofIslam:TheShariah Dec.13­WMuslimApproachestoReligiousPluralism Dec.15­FPanel:MuslimPerspectivesonToday'sIssues ReadingforDiscussion:FaridEsack,OnBeingaMuslim:FindingaReligiousPathin Today'sWorld,Chapters46.SherwinandKasinow,JohnPaulIIandInterreligious Dialogue,Part4. VII.CONCLUDINGDISCUSSIONS Dec.18­MResponsestoDiversity:Fundamentalism,Communalism,Secularism Dec.20­WReligiousPluralismandAmericanMulticulturalism REQUIREDREADING Therequiredreadinghasbeenchosenwithparticularcriteriainmind.Mostofthese arebooksaboutaparticularreligioustraditionbyanadherentofthattradition. Mostarenotwrittenashistoricalintroductionstothetraditions,butas introductionstotheconcepts,symbols,andissuesofeachtradition.Oneadditional textforthecourseisOurReligions,editedbyArvindSharma.Inasense,it

constitutesintroductorybackgroundreadingsforeachtradition.Eachchapteris writtenbyascholar/adherentofthetradition.Thesechaptersarenottheprimary subjectofdiscussioninsection,butforsupplementaryreadingandtoprovide additionalbackground,youshouldreadthemaswemovealong. Thefollowingbookshavebeenorderedforpurchase.Theyarealsoonreserveat Hilles,Lamont,andAndoverHarvardLibraries: ·WilfredCantwellSmith,PatternsofFaithAroundtheWorld(OneWorld) ·DianaL.Eck,EncounteringGod:ASpiritualJourneyfromBozemantoBanaras (BeaconPress) ·ArvindSharma,ed.,OurReligions(HarperCollins) ·SwamiNikhilananda,Hinduism(RamakrishnaVivekanandaCenterofNewYork) ·M.K.Gandhi,AllReligionsAreTrue(NavajivanPress)Xerox ·WalpolaRahula,WhattheBuddhaTaught(GrovePress) ·ThichNhatHanh,BeingPeace(ParallaxPress) ·EmilFackenheim,WhatisJudaism?(SyracuseUniv.Press) ·ByronL.SherwinandHaroldKasimow,eds.,JohnPaulIIandInterreligious Dialogue(OrbisPress) ·JohnR.Stott,BasicChristianity(Wm.B.EerdmansPublishingCo.) ·FaridEisak,OnBeingaMuslim:FindingaReligiousPathinToday'sWorld(One World) ThesebooksareavailableforpurchaseattheHarvardCooporattheHarvard DivinitySchoolbookstoreinthebasementofDivinityHall(themainbuildingof HDS),14DivinityAvenue.Additionalxeroxmaterialswillbemadeavailablefor purchaseinclass. TheCDROMofDianaL.EckandthePluralismProject,OnCommonGround:World ReligionsinAmerica(ColumbiaUniversityPress)isalsoaresourceforthecourse andisavailablesubstantialdiscountattheCoopandatHDSBookstore.Ithasvery basicintroductions,timelines,andglossaries,aswellasextensiveinformationabout religionintheAmericancontext.Itcanalsobeaccessedfromthecoursewebsite, butthisispracticableonlyforthosewhohaveethernetaccess.ThePluralism Projectwebsiteiswww.pluralism.organdithasavarietyofresourcesforthe course,includingasectionentitled"IntheNews"towhichyoumaywish,on occasion,tocontribute.

COURSEREQUIREMENTS Activesectionparticipation.Fiveshortthreepageresponsewillbedueinsection duringtheweeksofOctober9,October23,November6,November27,and December11ineachcase,thesecondweekofourstudyofeachtradition.(There isnomidtermexam.Thesewillcumulativelyconstitute1/3ofthecoursegrade) VoicesontheWeb.Duringthefirstweekofourstudyofeachtradition,youshould spendsometimeexploringtherangeofvoicesontheinternet.ByTuesdayofthat week,submittoyoursectionleaderadescriptionofthewebsiteyouhavefound mostinteresting.Itshouldbeaboutoneparagraph,andalongwithityoushould submitabriefonelinedescriptiontobecomepartoftheclasswebsite.Aselection oflinkswillbemadeontheWorldReligions:DiversityandDialoguewebpage.(This isarequired,butnotgraded,assignment) TermPaper.Thisgivesyouachancetoexploreatopicgermanetothesubject matterofthiscourseandclosetoyourowninterests.Thispapershouldbeabout15 pagesinlength.Anextensivetermpaperbibliographywillbedistributed,butitis intendedonlyasastartingplace.Yourownpapertopicandbibliographyshouldbe submittedtoyoursectionleaderbyMonday,December4.ThepaperisdueMonday, January8.(1/3ofthecoursegrade) FinalExam.(1/3ofthecoursegrade)

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