Read Uwkebani#10.qxd text version

qarTvelno, erTad RvTisaken!

sapatriarqos

saqarTvelos sapatriarqos prescentris yovelkvireuli gamocema

eo.t,fyb

gamodis xuTSabaTobiT. #10(363). 2006 w. 16-22 marti. fasi 40 TeTri. gamoicema 1999 wlis 7 ianvridan 2

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#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

fotoqronika

wminda ioane naTlismcemlis saxelobis monasteri e c e e gv.8 v

monastris karibWesTan e gv.8 v

monazvnebi galobas aRavlenen v e v e e gv.8 v

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

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fotoqronika

`SemTxveviT ar aris, rom wirva-locvis l dros ramdenjerme xdeba kaTolikospatriarqis moxsenieba. es patriarqis sapativsacemod ki ar aris dadgenili, aramed imitom, rom Zalian mZimea misi jvari da igi saWiroebs aseT sulier Tanadgomas~

patriarqis qadageba

anCisxatis gundis misioneruli koncertebi amerikaSi

XIV gv.

`qarTuli kultura erTianad SeduRabda qristianobasTan~

IV gv.

sveticxovlis freskis fragmenti `zodiaqos rkali~

`adamians SeuZlia yava miirTvas, magram yavaze mkiTxaoba dauSvebelia. zustad aseve, xiluli zecis Tanavarskvlavedebad (zodiaqoebad) dayofa SeiZleba, oRond varskvlavebze mkiTxaoba _ ara~

`suls simsubuqe, simSvide da Cumi sixaruli mxolod codvebis mTeli guliT monaniebisa da uflis xorcTan da sisxlTan ziarebis Semdeg eufleba~

sakvirao saxarebis ganmarteba

XVII gv.

VII gv.

qronika,

informacia

ucxoeTis qronika

XXI gv. `gixarodeT, rom jer kidev gaqvT dro gasaRviZeblad!~

wmida efrem asuris swavlani siyvarulisaTvis

XI gv. `netaria kaci, romelmac moipova siyvaruli da ase warsdga RvTis winaSe, yovlisa dambadeblisa, romelic icnobs mas aRbeWdili beWdiT da Seiwynarebs mas sasufevelSi, Tavis angelozTa gverdiT~

saeklesio RvTismsaxurebis wesebi qristianis madlismieri ganwmedisa da cxonebis saSualebebia

`mas `ganeSora Sewevna RmrTisa,~ da amitom `Rone yoveli daelia~

pateriki

qarTvelTa ena da kultura

petriwoni _ `saxe da xati ~ aTonis iverTa savanisa

XXV gv.

`XI saukunis petriwonis qarTuli samonas tro kompleqsi da literaturuli skola, erTis mxriv, gamgrZelebelia qarTuli sazRvargareTuli centris - aTonis savanis saqmianobisa da meores mxriv, safuZvels uyris gelaTis skolas!~

XII gv.

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#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

uwmidesisa da unetaresis, sruliad s a q a r T v e l o s k a T o l i k o s -p a t r i a r q i s i l i a I I p qadageba Sendobis kviras

yovladwminda samebis sapatriarqo taZari, 5 marti, 2006 w.

`dRevandeli dRe aris gulis ganwmedis dResaswauli!~

saxeliTa mamisaTa da ZisaTa da wmidisa sulisaTa! CvenTan ars RmerTi! `did xar Sen ufalo da sakvirvel arian saqmeni Senni!~ RvTis qmnilebaTa Soris umTavresi, yvelaze Zvirfasi da yvelaze rTuli aris adamiani, romelic Seqmna ufalman xatad Tvisad. igi unda idges im gzaze, romelsac mihyavs adamiani sasufevelSi. amisTvis ki man unda Seimecnos uflis sityvebi: `me var gza, WeSmariteba da sicocxle~. Tu adamiani amas gaacnobierebs da Tavisi cxovrebis wess dauqvemdebarebs, igi cxondeba; Tu ara da, _ warwymdeba. ase rom, bevri ram aris damokidebuli TviTon pirovnebaze. ra Tqma unda, upirveles yovlisa, aris wyaloba RvTisa, kurTxeva RvTisa da Semdeg Tavisufali neba adamianisa. ai, es ori Zala unda SeuerTdes urTierTs da igi gamoiRebs didTa nayofTa. dRevandel dRes ewodeba Sendobis kviriake. ra dRea es? es aris erTaderTi dRe wlis ganmavlobaSi, rodesac ufali gvaZlevs saSualebas, SevundoT erTmaneTs Secodebani, raTa simSvidem da RvTis didma wyalobam daisadguros Cvens gulSi. daviT winaswarmetyveli ambobs: `codvasa Sina mSva me dedaman Cemman.~ codva mogvdevs Cven jer kidev adamisa da evasgan. Tqven gaxsovT, roca adamma da evam Sescodes, ufalma uxmo adams: `adam, adam, sada iyofi?~ magram codvam ganaSora adami ufals da veRar dadga RvTis winaSe. ver dadga imitom, rom am codvam Secvala misi suli, misi azrovneba, misi guli. guli daiCrdila, gaipo Suaze da adamma igrZno es. dRevandeli dRes aseve aris samoTxidan gandevnis xseneba. xSirad adamiani ocnebobs im samoTxeze, romelSic imyofebodnen adami da eva. zogierTi adamiani ki cdilobs es samoTxe aq, dedamiwaze, moiwyos. upirveles yovlisa, adamianma es samoTxe Tavis gulSi, Tavis sulier samyaroSi unda Seqmnas. radgan Tu adamians simSvide ar eqneba, Tu madls ver hpovebs, Tu RvTis wyaloba ar miecema, _ veraviTari simdidre ver Seuqmnis mas im pirobebs, rom Tavi bednierad igrZnos. saerTod, ra aris codva? es arabunebrivi movlenaa. es aris is, rac ganaSorebs adamians RmerTTan, rac Crdilavs mis gonebas, mis guls. da adamiani TiTqos veRar xedavs ufals. swored amitom Tqva daviT winaswarmetyvelma: `da Tqva ugunurman Tavsa Tvissa _ ara ars RmerTi!~ mefsalmune mefe daviTi ugunurs uwodebs im adamianis, romelic ase fiqrobs. da ambobs: `Tqva ugunurman gulsa Tvissa~, e.i. sajarod ki ver Tqva, _ gunebaSi gaifiqra, radgan im dros amisaTvis iqve qvebiT Caqolavdnen. saerTod, aseTi ram aramc Tu ar unda Tqvas adamianma, gulSic ki ar unda gaivlos. magram arian iseTebi, romlebic ver grZnoben ufals, ver ganicdian mas. Cven ar unda ganvikiTxoT isini. xom ar SeiZleba, adamiani sakuTari Tavis mteri iyos? e.i. is namdvilad ver xedavs RmerTs. vTqvaT, aris iseTi adamiani, romelsac ar unaxavs mze. igi civ, Rrublian dRes rom gamovides da cas Sexedos, _ mzis Sesaxeb Tavisi garkveuli warmodgena Seeqmneba da Semdeg rom vuTxraT, rom arsebobs mze, romelic anaTebs da aTbobs, _ amas ver daijerebs, radgan Tavad ar unaxavs. magram SeiZleba, RvTis madliT, ganiwmidos adamianis goneba da guli da Semdeg man dainaxos da SeigrZnos ufali. magram SeiZleba

gagrZeleba me-5 gv. 5

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

dasawyisi me-4 gv. 4

RvTis madliT ganiwmindos adamianis goneba da guli da Semdeg man dainaxos da SeigrZnos ufali. xSirad yofila Cems cxovrebaSi, roca urwmuno adamiani mosula CemTan da uTqvams, bednierebi xarT morwmuneebi, imitom rom gwamT RmerTi, me ki ar SemiZlia, viwamo, radgan ver vgrZnob RmerTs da ra vqnao? me ase vpasuxob maT: akeTe sikeTe; amiT daiwye da sikeTe dagex mareba, rom ganiwmindos Seni goneba da guli.

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

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marxvis win berebi erTad ikribebodnen, erTmaneTs patiebas sTxovdnen, Semdeg ki isini saaRdgomo sagaloblebs galobdnen, midiodnen udabnoSi da iq moRvaweobdnen mTeli marxvis ganmavlobaSi. es wesi maT sagangebod daadgines, radgan ar icodnen, moeswrebodnen Tu ara aRdgomas. dRes Cven ufro siRrmiseulad, ufro meti yuradRebiT vakvirdebiT sakuTar Tavs da vxedavT, ramdenad damZimebulni varT codvebiT, ramdenad bevria CvenSi is, rac ar unda iyos. ra aris es simZime da SeiZleba Tu ara, rom adamiani ucodveli iyos? es SeuZlebelia. `ar ars kaci, romelic cxondes da ara scodos~_ am sityvebs iSvelieben wmida werilidan wmida mamebi, amas gveubnebian is adamianebi, romelTac ganvles sulieri gzis sirTuleebi. isic unda vicodeT, rom adamiani codvisagan mTeli sicocxlis manZilze unda iwmindebodes. amisTvis sakmarisi araa erTi dRe, an erTi kvira an Tundac erTi Tve. Tumca, gamonaklisi SemTxvevebic yofila. Tqven gaxsovT, macxovris jvarcmis dros masTan erTad ori avazaki dasajes da am oridan erTma guliT moinania Tavisi codva da meore ki darCa mounaniebeli. monanuls eubneba ieso qriste: dResve iqnebi CemTan sasufevelSi! RvTis winaSe dgas yoveli adamiani da RvTis wyalobas elodeba. amisaTvis ki man, upirveles yovlisa, sakuTari Tavi unda dainaxos. Zveli romaelebi

gagrZeleba me-6 gv. 6

davs saxesa kacisasa, xolo RmerTi xedavs gulsa kacisasa. ai, amaze unda vifiqroT Cven da amisTvis unda vilocoT, rom guli wrfeli, guli wmida da guli mTliani hqondes adamians. da maSin igi ufro daculi iqneba codvebisagan da axlos iqneba RmerTTan. adamianis fiqri, saqme da sityva erTi unda iyos: rasac fiqrobs, imas unda ambobdes da imas unda akeTebdes. dRevandeli dRe aris gulis ganwmedis dResaswauli. Cven movaleni varT, mivideT erTmaneTTan da gulwrfelad

daviT winaswarmetyveli Zalian xSirad axsenebs gulis siwmindes: `guli wmidai dahbade CemTana RmerTo da suli wrfeli ganmiaxle gvamsa Cemsa.~ albaT, es aris mTavari. adamiani, TiTqos, samsaxovania: pirveli _ rogor gvxedaven Cven sxva adamianebi, meore _ Tavad rogor vxedavT Cvens Tavs da mesame _ rogorebi varT sinamdvileSi. bibliaSi weria: adamiani xe-

vTxovoT Sendoba. sxvas ki ar davelodoT, rodis mova CvenTan da gvTxovs patiebas, aramed Cven TviTon mivideT, visTvisac gviwyeninebia, an, Tundac, gulSi cudi gagvivlia an gangvikiTxavs da vTxovoT Sendoba. didi marxva swored SendobiT, am dalocvili wesiT iwyeba. eklesiis istoriidan Tqven iciT, rom es wesi im dros daiwyo, roca egvipteSi da iordanes udabnoSi beroba daarsda. did-

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dasawyisi me-5 gv. 5

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

rom uari eTqvaT qristianobaze. moZRvari mtkiced idga sjulze da roca is ukve wamebis adgilas mihyavdaT, misi yofili megobari mivarda masTan da Seevedra: ramdenime wuTSi Sen wmida mowame gaxdebi, Semiwyale da Seminde Cemi codvebi! moZRvarma kvlav uari uTxra patiebaze. da moxda saswauli, roca igi wamebis adgilze miiyvanes, is datova madlma da man uari Tqva qristianobaze. amis Semxedvare eriskacma wamoiZaxa: `me var qristiani, me mawameT!~ da ai, ase gadavida mowamis gvirgvini moZRvrisagan eriskacze. ase samwuxarod damTavrda maTi urTierToba. es unda vicodeT da amitomac unda amoviRoT gulidan RvarZli da codva da ganviwmidoT guli. am dalocvil dRes me vTxov yovladwmida samebas, rom locviTa TqveniTa da Cveni winaprebis locviT Semindos codvani Cemni nebsiTni da uneblieTni da muxlmodrekiT gTxovT yvelas, mTel saqarTvelos _ SemindeT Cemi codvebi, amin. RmerTma daglocoT, RmerTma mogceT sixaruli, siyvaruli. RmerTma SegindoT Tqven da sruliad saqarTvelos da yovelTa qarTvelTa yoveli Secodebani Tqvenni nebsiTni da uneblieTni wyalobiTa RvTisaTa, saxeliTa mamisaTa da ZisaTa da sulisa wmidisaTa, amin! RmerTma bednieri da mSvidobiani aRdgoma gagiTenoT Tqven da sruliad saqarTvelos! CvenTan ars RmerTi!

mSva me dedaman Cemman~ da me mravali codva Camidenia RvTis winaSe: ver Semisrulebia is movaleoba, is pasuxismgebloba, romelic akisria patriarqs, ver milocia ise, rogorc unda loculobdes patriarqi, rogorc loculobdnen Cveni winaprebi, Cveni mamamTavrebi, ver damicavs marxva ise wmidad, rogorc Cveni didi winaprebi icavdnen. damZimebuli var mravali codviT da me viTxov Tqvengan daxmarebas, gTxovT, ilocoT CemTvis. SemTxveviT ar aris, rom wirva-locvis dros ramdenjerme xdeba kaTolikos-patriarqis moxsenieba. es patriarqis sapativsacemod ki ar aris dadgenili, aramed imitom, rom Zalian mZimea misi jvari da igi saWiroebs aseT sulier Tanadgomas. dRes aris sulieri ganwmedis dRe! dRes aris dRe, romelic gvaCuqa ufalma. urTierTpatieba aucilebelia. amasTan dakavSirebiT, minda, mogiyvanoT erTi magaliTi sulieri cxovrebidan. iyo erTi moZRvari, romelsac hyavda Zalian daaxloebuli megobari - eriskaci. erTxel eriskacma raRac awyenina moZRvars da ise ganawyenda masze es moZRvari, rom ver apatia danaSauli. es eriskaci araerTxel mivida moZRvarTan cremliT, muxlmodrekiT da Sendoba sTxova, magram moZRvari ulmobeli iyo. im dros iyo qristianTa devna. erTxel jalaTebma Seipyres qristianTa jgufi da maT Soris es moZRvaric da aiZulebdnen,

ambobdnen: gnoste te ipsu, `Seican Tavi Seni.~ yvelaze didi sibrZnea is, roca adamiani SeigrZnobs sakuTar sisustes, Tavis uaryofiT mxareebs. amitom iTqmis dReidan da mTeli didmarxvis ganmavlobaSi efrem asuris locva: `...he, ufalo, momaniWe me gancdai TvisTa codvaTa da ara gankiTxvad Zmisa Cemisa!~ inebos ufalma, rom mogvaniWos yvelas `gancdai TvisTa codvaTa~, radgan swored amazea damokidebuli `ara gankiTxva Zmisa Cemisa~. imitom rom, Tu adamiani xedavs Tavis codvebs, is ar ganikiTxavs sxvas, radgan mas awuxebs Tavisi codva da amaze fiqrobs. dRes iseTi dRea, roca Cven uflis winaSe vdgavarT da upirveles yovlisa, _ me, codvili ilia II, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi. ufali brZanebs: sadac ori an sami aris Sekrebili Cemi saxeliT, me maT Soris var. mZimea jvari kaTolikos-pa p triarqisa. roca Cemi kurTxeva Sedga, CemTan movida erTi sulieri adamiani da miTxra: `patriarqoba metad mZimea da Sen gWirdeba zeciuri Semweoba, Cve ni winaprebis, Cvens mefeTa da dedofalTa, kaTolikospatriarqTa, mRvdelmTavarTa da wmida mamaTa daxmareba. da Tu Sen maT moixseneb, isinic mogixseneben da Segewevian~. es mudam maxsovda am wlebis ganmavlobaSi. yovelTvis vcdilob, movixsenio Cveni mefeni da patriarqni, magram miuxedavad amisa, marTlac `codvasa Sina

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

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sakvirao saxarebis ganmarteba didi marxvis II kvira

Markozis saxareba Tavi II 1. da Sevida kualad kapernaumad Semdgomad mciredTa dReTa; da esma, rameTu saxlsa Sina ars. 2. da meyvseulad Sehkrba mun simravle erisa, vidremde verRara itevda winaSe karTa maT, da ety oda maT sityuasa. 3. da movides misa, da moaqunda ganrRveuli zekidebuli oTxTagan. 4. da viTar ver SeuZles miaxlebad misa erisa misgan, aRhsZarcves sarTuli saxlisa mis, sada igi iyo, da aRiRes da gardauteves cxedari igi, romelsa zeda idua ganrRveuli igi. 5. da ixila ieso sarwmunoebai igi maTi, da hrqua ganrRveulsa mas: Svilo migetevnen Sen coduani Senni. 6. xolo iyunes vinme mun msxdomareni mwignobarTaganni, da hzraxvides gulTa Sina maTTa da ityodes, 7. viTarmed ese gmobasa ityvis; vis xelewifebis mitevebad coduaTa, garna mxolosa RmerTsa? 8. xolo ieso meyvseulad guliskmahyo suliTa, rameTu esreT hzraxuen gulTa Sina maTTa, da hrqua maT: rasa magas hzraxavT gulTa Sina TqvenTa? 9. ra uadviles ars, sityuad ganrRveulisa amis: migetevnen coduani Senni? anu Tqmad: aRhsdeg, aRiRe cxedari Seni da vidode? 10. xolo raTa uwyodeT, rameTu xelmwifeba aqus Zesa kacisasa queyanasa zeda mitevebad coduaTa, da hrqua ganrRveulsa mas: 11. Sen getyvi: aRhsdeg da aRiRe cxedari Seni, da warved saxid Senda. 12. da meyuseulad aRhsdga igi, da aRiRo cxedari Tvisi, da gamovida winaSe yovelTasa, viTarmed ganukvirdebodaca yovelTa, da adidebdes RmerTsa, da ityodes, viTarmed ara sada esreT vixileT. Markozis saxareba Tavi II 1 ramdenime dRis Semdeg kvlav movida kapernaums da xma dairxa, rom igi saxlSia. 2 uceb bevrma moiyara Tavi, ise rom, karSi teva ar iyo da aswavlida maT sityvas. 3 movidnen da moiyvanes masTan davrdomili, romelic oTxs mohyavda. 4 da radgan masTan miyvana SeuZlebeli iyo xalxis gamo, im saxls gadaxades saxuravi, sadac igi iyo, da gaxsnes da CauSves sawoli, romelzedac iwva davrdomili. mogeteva Seni codvebi!~ 5 ixila ra iesom maTi rwmena, uTxra davrdomils: `Svilo, fiqrobda. 7 `ratom laparakobs ase? RmerTsa gmobs. vis ZaluZs codvebis miteveba erTi RvTis garda~. 8 ieso Tavisi suliT maSinve mixvda,Tu rasac gulSi fiqrobdnen isini, uTxra: `aseTi ram gulSi rad gaivleT? mogeteva, Tu Tqma: adeqi, aiRe Seni gaiareo? mitevebis xelmwifeba, uTxra 9 ra ufro advilia Tqma davrdomilis mimarT: Seni codvebi sawoli da 6 iq zogierTi mwignobari ijda da Tavis gulSi

10 xolo raTa icodeT, rom kacis Zes dedamiwaze aqvs codvebis davrdomils, 11 Sen geubnebi: `adeqi, aiRe Seni sawoli da wadi Sens saxlSi!~ 12 adga, maSinve aiRo Tavisi sawoli da gamovida yvelas Tvalwin. yvela gancvifrda da adidebda RmerTs. ambobdnen: `arasodes gvinaxavs msgavsi ram~.

ganmarteba

kapernaumSi, im saxlSi, sadac ufali imyofeboda imdeni xalxi Seikriba, rom vinmes Sesvla SeuZlebeli iyo, amitom oTxma adamianma davrdomili kaci saxuravze aiyvana, gaakeTa Riobi da iqidan CauSva. ufalma ixila ra masTan mosulTa didi rwmena jer codvebisgan ganwmida ganrRveuli, xolo Semdeg misi xorcieli avadmyofobac gankurna. mwignobrebma da farisevlebma momxdari gaqvavebuli guliT Seafases da uTqmelad gadawyvites: ieso rom ambobs: `mogeteos codvebi~ e.i. RmerTs hgmobs, radgan RmerTis garda vis SeuZlia codvaTa moteveba? `xolo ieso meyvseulad gulisxmahyo suliTa, rameTu esreT hzraxuen gulTa Sina maTTa, da hrqua maT: rasa magas hzraxavT

dasasruli me-8 gv. 8

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dasawyisi me-7 gv. 7

gulTa Sina TqvenTa? ra uadviles ars, sityuad ganrRveulisa amis: migetevnen coduani Senni? anu Tqmad: aRhsdeg, aRiRe cxedari Seni da vidode?~ maTi GamouTqmeli gulisTqmis pasuxad ityvis am sityvebs gulTamxilavi ufali, magram es mwignobrebisa da farisevlebisagan SeumCneveli rCeba. Avadmyofobisgan kacis gankurneba adamiansac ZaluZs da amitom xarisxobrivad es martivi moqmedebaa, xolo codvaTa aRxocva mxolod RvTis xelSia da misi nebis gareSe aRsrulebas ar eqvemdebareba _ Tumca avadmyofis sxeulis gajansaReba xiluli moqmedebaa da Sedegi aSkaraa, xolo uxilavi sulis codvebisagan gaTavisufleba gareSe adamianis TvalisaTvis dafaruli rCeba da mxolod RvTisgan Sendobilisgan ganicdeba. radgan RvTismoZuleebs ar surT aRiaron, rom maTi dafaruli guliszraxvebi wakiTxulia da mainc jiutad fiqroben: es kaci matyuaraa, ganrRveulis gankurneba rom SeeZlos, fexze daayenebda da uxilav codvaTa Sendobaze ar isaubrebda, amitom macxovari aCvenebs, rom mas ZaluZs aRasrulos gankurnebac da codvaTa Sendobac,

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

TviToeuli Cvenganis sulia, xolo `oTxi~, sareclis ufalTan mimtanni, maxareblebi arian. saWiroa, rom Cvens arsebaze maRla mdgomi Cvenive goneba sinanuliT damdabldes da zemodan qvemoT daeSvas, mxolod maSin movismenT uflis xmas, radgan misi mcnebebis aRsruleba RvTis Svilobis pativs gvibrunebs. kurnebamiRebuli suli ki sikeTis saqmnelad ganemzadeba. is, vinc codvaTa Sendobas iRebs gansakuTrebulad mkafio xedvis unarsac iZens. amisTvisaa dawesebuli naTlisRebis, ziarebis da sinanulis saidumloTa aRsruleba, magram es uflisganaa. maT misaRebad ki Cveni mxridan gvmarTebs: rwmena, romelic aRiarebs: daRupuli var, mxolod ieso qristeTi gadavrCebi. siyvaruli, romelic moiTxovs yvelaferi, daunaneblad ufals mivuZRvnaT. sasoeba, romelic ara sakuTar Tavze imedovnebs, aramed swams, rom RvTisgan ar gaiwireba da misgan yovelgvari Sinagani Tu garegani Semweoba mTeli cxovrebis manZilze mieniWeba, im dromde, vidre ar wariyvaneba iq, sadac ufali Tavad myofobs.

netari Teofilaqte bulgarelis, wminda ioane kronStadelisa da wminda Teofane dayudebulis

oRond iwyebs rTuliT da amTavrebs adviliT anu ganrRveuls jer codvebs Seundobs, Semdeg ki gankurnavs. * * * metad sabraloa uZluri adamiani, romelic sxvebis dauxmareblad verafers moimoqmedebs, magram uaresia codvebiT gamowveuli sulieri siZabune, radgan aq saboloo Sedegi saukuno sikvdilia. Adamians RvTisgan eZleva SesaZlebloba xiluliT Sewvdes uxilavs, raTa Semdeg moisminos uflis utkbesi sityvebi: `nu geSinin, Svilo, mogetevnen Sen codvani Senni!~ ratom ikiTxeba Cvens eklesiaSi saxarebis es adgili didmarxvis meore kviras? Cveni codvebi saxarebiseuli ganrRveulis mdgomareobaSi gvamyofebs. codviT Sekruli suli umoqmedoa da sikeTis qmnisaTvis unayofo. codvasa da avadmyofobas Soris rom raRac saidumlo kavSiri arsebobs es TviToeulma Cvenganma gulis siRrmeSi icis. suls simsubuqe, simSvide da Cumi sixaruli mxolod codvebis mTeli guliT monaniebisa da uflis xorcTan da sisxlTan ziarebis Semdeg eufleba. amrigad, `kapernaumi~ `nugeSiscemis saxls~ aRniSnavs da masSi eklesia igulisxmeba, `ganrRveuli~

mixedviT moamzada nana bokuCavam m m

qroni ka , i a

i nforma c i a a

kaTolikos-patriarq ilia II Tan axldnen: alaverdeli mitropoliti amba daviTi (maxaraZe), zugdid-caiSis episkoposi gerasime (SaraSeniZe), samTavisisa da goris episkoposi andria (gvazava), stefanwmindisa da xevis episkoposi petre (caava), mcxeTa-mTianeTis mxaris gubernatori vasil maRlaferiZe, vaxtang quTaTelaZe, rusudan kervaliSvili, sxva sasuliero da saero pirebi. uwmidesma da unetaresma ilia II Tanmxleb pirebTan erTad moiloca da moinaxula TbilisTan qoSi-goraze, Cakiduli Txemebis midamoebis, wmida ioane naTlismcemlis saxelobis dedaTa monas-

kaTolikos-patriarqma Tbilisis p SemogarenSi arsebuli monastrebi moiloca 14 marts uwmidesma da unetaresma, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqma ilia II Tbilisis SemogarenSi arsebuli monastrebi moiloca.

dasasruli me-9 gv. 9

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

dasawyisi me-8 gv. 8

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

9

teri. monasteri, uwmidesisa da unetaresis, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis ilia II locva-kurTxeviT, alaverdel mitropolit amba daviTis (maxaraZe) aqtiuri monawileobiT, vaxtang

sainiciativo jgufis meSveobiT xdeba riskis mqone jgufebis informireba tubdaavadebisa da Sesabamisi samedicino dawesebulebebis Sesaxeb. nebismieri damatebiTi informaciis misaRebad SegiZliT, dagvikavSirdeT Semdeg nomrebze: 893 72 96 98 an cxel xazze: 91 19 26. incidenti axalqalaqSi 11 marts samxreT saqarTveloSi, kerZod, walkaSi somexi erovnebis axalgazrdis mkvlelobis gamo, am mxareSi mcxovrebi somxebis erTma nawilma saprotesto aqciebi moawyo, rasac, samwuxarod, qarTuli skolebis, universitetisa da sxvadasxva qarTulenovani organizacia-dawesebulebis darbevac mohyva. rogorc CvenTvis gaxda cnobili, daaxloebiT 200-mde somexi erovnebis warmomadgeneli, ZiriTadad, axalgazrdebi, SeiWrnen axalqalaqisa da kumurdos saepiskoposo rezidenciaSic, romelic, amave dros, monastericaa da iq myofT muqariT, Seuracxmyofeli sityvebiTa da braldebiT, TiTqos monastris sardafSi qarTvelebisaTvis iaraRi inaxeboda, rezidenciis datoveba mosTxoves. rezidenciaSi myofebma mxolod policiis daxmarebiT SeZles, SeekavebinaT mowolili xalxis talRa, Tumca maT mainc moaxerxes monastris ezoSi mdgomi avtomanqanis dazianeba. sapatriarqos rezidenciis wevrebma policias, ramdenime somexi erovnebis pirovnebasTan erTad, daaTvalierebina rezidenciis qvemo sarTuli, romelic sardafis movaleobas asrulebs, raTa situacia ganmuxtuliyo da sazogadoebas scodnoda, rom monasteri aranair iaraRs ar inaxavs. samwuxarod, somexi erovnebis warmomadgenlebma, romlebic sardafSi policiasTan erTad imyofebodnen, xeli ar moaweres daTvalierebis Semdeg Sedgenil oqms, sadac unda daesabuTebinaT, rom monasterSi iaraRi ar inaxeba, Tumca maTi mxridan braldebebi da Seuracxmyofeli gamosvlebi Sewyda. aRsaniSnavia, rom meore dRes universitetis qarTvelma da somexma studentebma erToblivi mSvidobiani manifestacia moawyves, romelTac somexi mosaxleobis garkveuli nawilic SeuerTda da TavianTi uaryofiTi damokidebuleba gamoxates darbevis faqtebis gamo. imeds gamovTqvamT, rom es faqtebi qarTveli da somexi xalxis istoriul megobrobas qarTul

quTaTelaZem sxva qvelmoqmedebTan erTad aaSena. mSeneblobas meurveobda merab buCukuri. aRsaniSnavia, rom saxelmwifos gadawyvetilebiT monasters mflobelobaSi gadaeca mimdebare teritoriis 90 ha miwa. aRniSnul teritoriaze dagegmilia meurneobis mowyoba. imave dRes sapatriarqos delegaciam moiloca naqulbaqevis wmida giorgis saxelobis monasteri, romelic diRmis yofili sacdeli-saswavlo centris teritoriaze mdebareobs. proeqti _ `mosaxleobis miznobrivi jgufebis Cabma tuberkulozis prevenciis, mkurnalobisa da kontrolisaTvis~ arasamTavrobo organizaciaa `qarTuli fundamentis~ daarsebis dRidan (1992) ganxorcielebuli aqvs 23 proeqti, romelTagan 7 _ tuberkulozis prevenciasa da kontrols emsaxureboda. amJamad, USAID-MSCI finansuri mxardaWeriT, `qarTuli fundamenti~ axorcielebs 5-Tvian (20052006 ww. noemberi-marti) proeqts _ `mosaxleobis miznobrivi jgufebis Cabma tuberkulozis prevenciis, mkurnalobisa da kontrolisaTvis~. a. w. 20 ianvars gaimarTa proeqtis samuSao jgufis Sexvedra sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikospatriarqTan. uwmindesisa da unetaresis ilia II locva-kurTxeviT, proeqtis ganxorcielebaSi pirvelad CaerTo sapatriarqos sainiciativo jgufi. proeqti moicavs or yvelaze mWidrod dasaxlebuli raionis (gldani-naZaladevisa da isani-samgoris) mosaxleobas.

gagrZeleba me-10 gv. 1

10

9 dasawyisi me-9 gv.

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

ram quTelia da mas saxelad giorgi uwoda. * * * 12 marts, yovladwmida samebis sapatriarqo taZarSi uwmidesma da unetaresma, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqma ilia II mRvdlad daasxa xeli berdiakon egnates (Cuxua). mRvdelmonazoni egnate wyneTis wminda giorgis

miwaze, xels ar SeuSlis. sapatriarqo da sazogadoebrivi televizia 14 marts saqarTvelos sapatriarqoSi, uwmidesisa da unetaresis, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikospatriarqis ilia II-is mdivanma, dekanozma miqael botkovelma masmediis warmomadgenlebisaTvis gaakeTa gancxadeba, romelic exeboda sazogadoebriv tele da radio mauwyeblobaSi Seqmnil viTarebas. mama miqaelma aRniSna, rom telemauwyeblobis warmomadgenelTa cnobiT: televiziis xelmZRvaneloba sul ufro metad devnis im TanamSromlebs, romlebic, ama Tu im formiT, exebian saeklesio Tematikas. televiziaSi religiuri simbolikis akrZalva xdeba. aRiniSna isic, rom garkveuli periodis manZilze Tavad dekanozi miqaeli programa `sarCevis~ miwveviT monawileobas iRebda tele-gadacemebSi, magram televiziis xelmZRvanelobis moTxovniT, misi gamosvlebi Sewyda. rogorc sazogadoebrivi tele-radio mauwyeblobis TanamSromlebi aRniSnaven, televiziis xelmZRvaneli muSakebi, konkretulad, Tamar kinwuraSvili da xaTuna kveselava winaaRmdegni arian sasuliero pirebis televiziaSi miwvevisa. yovelive es did gakvirvebas iwvevs, vinaidan, sazogadoebrivi tele da radio mauwyebloba, misive wesdebis Tanaxmad, unda emsaxurebodes saqarTvelos mosaxleobis interesebs, romlis didi umravlesoba marTlmadidebeli qristiania. am preskonferenciis Semdeg, saRamos, sapatriarqoSi mividnen da uwmidessa da unetaress, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqs, ilia II-s Sexvdnen: sazogadoebrivi tele-mauwyeblobis xelmZRvaneli, qalbatoni Tamar kinwuraSvili da xaTuna kveselava, romlebmac scades, rom yvela zemoT naxsenebi braldeba ganawyenebuli TanamSromlebis dausabuTebel saCivrebad warmoedginaT, xolo translirebis Seferxebis mizezad teqnikuri mizezebi daesaxelebinaT, Tumca, sazogadoebrivi telearxis winaswar gamocxadebul programaSi, saSobao liturgiis translireba ar iyo gaTvaliswinebuli. xeldasxma 11 marts zugdidisa da caiSis episkoposma gerasimem (SaraSeniZe) berad aRkveca didi nezis wmida giorgis saxelobis monastris morCili gu-

saxelobis monasterSi imsaxurebs. * * * 12 marts, yovladwmida samebis sapatriarqo taZarSi uwmidesma da unetaresma, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqma ilia II diakvnad daasxa xeli seminariis IV kursis students levan merabiSvils. ufaso samedicino konsultaciebi `jvaris mamasTan~ arsebul samedicino samsaxurSi a aa a a n a a Catardeba ufaso konsultaciebi: a a a f n a nevropaTologi _ 19 marti, 12.00-14.00 sT.; Terapevti _ 20 marti, 12.00-14.00 sT.; revmatologi (saxsrebis daavadebebi) _ 21 marti, 15.00-17.00 sT.; dermatologi _ 22 marti, 15.00-17.00 sT.; alergologi _ 23 marti, 16.00-17.00 sT.; endokrinologi _ 25 marti, 13.00-15.00 sT.; angiologi (sisxlZarRvebis daavadebebi) _ 25 marti, 15.00-17.00 sT. informaciisaTvis darekeT: n a a a 98 90 12; 8 99 57 65 31 samZimari saqarTvelos sapatriarqos jandacvis departamenti mwuxarebiT iuwyeba, rom ginekolog nino xelaSvils gardaecvala deda, qeTevan sayvareliZexelaSvilisa da TanagrZnobas ucxadebs gansvenebulis ojaxs. mkiTxvels vTxovT locvebSi moixsenios axladSesvenebuli qeTevanis suli. * * * saqarTvelos sapatriarqo mwuxarebiT iuwyeba, rom gardaicvala quTais-gaenaTis mRvdelmsaxuri, zedamaRlakis wmida giorgis eklesiis mRvdeli Salva afxaiZe da TanagrZnobas ucxadebs gansvenebulis ojaxs. mkiTxvels vTxovT, locvebSi moixsenios axladSesvenebul mRvdlis Salvas suli.

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

11

wmida

siyvarulisaTvis netaria kaci, romelsac Tan axlavs siyvaruli RvTisa, radgan masSi Tavad RmerTia damkvidrebuli. `RmerTi siyvaruli ars~ da romelSic aris siyvaruli RvTisa, masTan RmerTia maradis da is RmerTTanaa. aseTi kaci SemZlebelia win aRudges yovelgvar borots. visac axlavs sruli siyvaruli, aravis Seuracxyofs, arc dids, arc patars, arc mdidars, arc glaxaks, aramed Tavis Tavs uyurebs, rogorc yvelaze codvils, yvelaze nakluls, yvelas itvirTavs, yvelafers daiTmens. visTanac siyvarulia - moyvass ar dascinebs, ar iampartavnebs, ar ganikiTxavs da arc sxvas miscems amis nebas. romelsac Tan axlavs siyvaruli, mzakvarTan ar imegobrebs, arc ampartavans gaikarebs gverdiT. romelTanac siyvarulia, ar Surs codvilTa simdidre, nugeSs scems Wirsa da gansacdelSi Cavardnil moyvass, mwuxarebs misTvis, cdilobs, Seewios, Seiwynarebs ucxos, aRasrulebs RvTis nebas, aris WeSmariti mowafe RvTisa, msgavsad Cveni mxsnelisa, romelic etyvis mociqulebs - `amiT uwyodian yovelTa viTar mowafeni Cemni xarT, odes iyuarebdeT urTierTas~. romelTanac aris siyvaruli,

efrem

asuris

swavlani

arafers ganikuTvnebs TavisTvis, rac aqvs, sxvaTaTvis surs. romelTanac siyvarulia, aravis miiCnevs ucxod, yvelas megobrad iRebs, ar SfoTavs da arc Zmis gansacdeliT xarobs, arc Zvirs ityvis, arc tyuils, arc vinmes mimarT mtrobas Caidebs gulSi, garda eSmakisa da yvelafers sulgrZelad daiTmens. netaria kaci, romelmac moipova siyvaruli da ase warsdga RvTis winaSe, yovlisa dambadeblisa, romelic icnobs mas aRbeWdili beWdiT da Seiwynarebs mas sasufevelSi, Tavis angelozTa gverdiT. radgan Ze RmrTisa siyvarulisTvis movida qveynad, siyvarulisTvis gangviRo samoTxis kari da siyvarulisaTvis gviCvena Cven zecad aRmavali gza, radgan viyaviT gandgomilni da mterni RvTisa. RmerTi siyvarulia da romelic moixveWs mas - `hgies RmrTisa Tana maradis~. maTTvis, visTanac siyvaruli ar aris WeSmaritad sawyalobelia kaci, romelTanac siyvaruli ar aris, radgan dReni misi cxovrebisa gadis, rogorc sizmari da Sesabralisia, radgan Tavi Tavad ganaSora siyvaruls, daaklo suls naTeli brwyinvale da ganukuTvna igi wyvdiadis bnels. WeSmaritad geubnebiT, radgan `utyueli

piri~ ityvis amas - `romelsa Tana ara ars siyuaruli, igi bnelsa Sina vals maradis da codvasa Sina iqcevis~. romelTanac siyvaruli ara aris, igi swrafad guliswyromobs, marad codvaSi myofobs, xarobs moyvasis ubedurebiT, dacemuls ar wamoayenebs da codvils ar moaqcevs. visTanac siyvaruli ar aris, igi gonebiT brmaa da eSmakis megobari, RvTis maginebelTa da ZvirismoqmedTa megzuri da raRa bevri gavagrZelo, visac siyvaruli ara aqvs, Wuria eSmakisa, Secdomili mihyveba mis gzas da Tavadac ar uwyis, rom `bnelsa Sina vals.~

momzadebulia wmida efrem m asuris `wesi da gangebai sacTurTa eSmakisaiTai~-sas mixedviT, m s nino gagoSaSvilis mier

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#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

ganwmeda mRvdelmoqmedebis gareSe?

saeklesio RvTismsaxurebis wesebi qristianis madlismieri ganwmedisa da cxonebis saSualebebia

sazogadoebis ganswavlul, inteleqtualur nawilSi da ubralo xalxSic Tavsmoxveulia a bs as a l l u a l a a a s x u a cru Sexeduleba, TiTqosda, madlismieri ganwmeda da cxoneba TiToeul qristians u x u b s a a l s a a a x b u s a s uSualod RvTisgan, mRvdelmoqmedebisa da saeklesio wesebis gverdis avliT SeuZlia. u s a l b s a k s s b s s l u l a Zalian bevri tradiciulad marTlmadidebeli qristiani am ideiT xelmZRvanelobs; am a a a u a l a b l s a l a l b adamianebs sakuTar moCvenebiT sulierebaze Zalian maRali warmodgena aqvT. amitom, an a a b a b b a a a a a a srulad gaucxoebulni arian deda eklesiisagan, anda _ sakuTar Tavs mxolod garegu a x b a a k s s a a a a s x l a nulad miakuTvneben eklesias, xolo iq damkvidrebul, RvTisgan saTnoyofil wesebsa u a b k s a l a k b s a l s b da ganwesebebs gulcivad da ugrZnoblad ekidebian. isini RmerTisa da kacis madla a s b b u a a b k b a s s a s a l mosil kavSirSi saeklesio Zalasa da mniSvnelobas srulebiT ar cnoben. s l k s a a l b u b b

aba, davfiqrdeT: rogor aRasrula ufalma Cvenma ieso qristem adamianTa modgmis cxonebis saqme?! gana es mxolod sulierad da azrobrivad iyo aRsrulebuli?! ra Tqma unda, ara: RmerTma isurva, rom yovladwmida samebis wevrTagan erT-erTs, adamianTa cxonebisaTvis Cvenive sulier-xorcieli buneba mieRo. icxovra miwaze, rogorc kacma da Tavisi madli xilulad gangvicxada; igi xelis dadebiT, mis samoselze SexebiT mouvlenda madls adamianebs. misTvis saTno iyo xalxisagan gamovlenili rwmena da siyvaruli, romelic mis sxeulze surnelovani mironis cxebaSi gamoixateboda. man TviTon aCvena locvis magaliTi da, locvis dros, Tavadac icavda garegnul wesebs: aRasrulebda muxlTmodrekas, piriT miwaze emxoboda, Tvalebs cad aRapyrobda... anu Cveni cxonebisaTvis ieso qriste namdvilad evno, mokvda, aRdga da cad amaRlda. anu, yovelive amiT man Cvens winaSe cxonebis gza dasaxa. Tavad qristem am gzaze xorcielad gaiara, radganac, rogorc mociquli ambobs: `mas Sina damkvidrebul ars yoveli savseba RmrTeebisa xorcielad~ (kol. 2, 9). maS, rogor SeiZleba, rom Cven _ misma mimdevrebma, qrites mier warmarTuli gzisagan sruliad gansxvavebuli gza avirCioT: gza moCvenebiTi, sinamdvilisaTvis sruliad ucxo... moCvenebiTi sulierebisaken es aranormaluri swrafva _ TavaSvebulobis, uzneobisa da uwesobis garda arafers mogvitans. swored es daemarTaT eretikosebs, romelTac eklesiis winamZRoloba uaryves. ufalma Cvenma, ieso qristem Tavisi cxovrebiTa da tanjviT cxonebis madli mogvakrebina da amave dros, Tavisi eklesia dedamiwaze xilulad daamyara. man Tavadve daamkvidra am eklesiaSi wesebi da saidumloebebi, romelTa saSualebiTac uxilavi saRvTo madli nivTierad, xilulad moivlineba. ase xdeba, magaliTad - kacTa xelaxlaSoba naTlobis saidumloTi aRseruleba, rodesac madli RvTisa mosanaTl kacze misi wyalSi STafvliT gadmodis. ziarebis saidumloSi kacis RmerTTan SeerTebis madlmosili saqme uflis wmida sisxlis SesmiT, da misi wmida xorcis miRebiT aResruleba. aseve yvela danarCeni, mociqulTa mier ganwesebuli saeklesio wesi da mRvdelmoqmedeba dasabams qristeSi iRebs da Cveni sulier-xorcieli bunebisaTvis aucilebelia. yvela es garegnuli, xiluli wesi saWiroa imisaTvis, rom saRvTo madli uxilavad, Sinaganad miviRoT da CvenSi locvis suli davamkvidroT. Tumca, rogorc vTqviT, arian iseTi adamianebic, romlebic eklesiaSi keTilad damkvidrebul wesebsa da mRvdelmoqmedebebs crubrZnadmetyvelebiT uaryofen. isini qristes sasZlos _ eklesias im garegnul brwyinvalebisagan ganmosaven, romliTac is Tavad qristem Seamko. qristes eklesiaSi RvTis madli yovelTvis xilulad gardamodioda da amaze is auracxeli saswauli da niSi metyvelebs, marTlmadidebli eklesiis istoriis furclebze rom aisaxa. es niSebi da saswaulebi sxvadasxva dros da

1 dasasruli me-13 gv.

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

1 dasawyisi me-12 gv.

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

13

meoxeba vTxovoT da ufali saswauls gviCvenebso. xalxma icoda grigolis siwmidis Sesaxeb, mis mier aRsrulebuli saswaulebic exila da amitom winaaRmdegoba aravis gauwevia. mamebi cremliT loculobdnen, rodesac RvTis angelozi gamoecxada maT da auwya: `saRmrTo Surisgeba ewia borotsa mas mtersa Tquensa. da aha, moiwios qadagi, viTarmed, mokuda igi.~ anu: sul male macne mova da cqiris sikvdils gauwyebTo. grigoli eris winaSe kvlav gavida da angelozis uwyebuli gadasca, xolo sul male, SuadRis dadgomamde, marTlac gamoCnda macne, romelmac yvelas auwya: `nurRara ikadrebT darRvevad didebulsa xanZTasa, rameTu damarRveveli magisi mokuda.~ unda gavfrTxildeT, raTa vinmem ar gvacdunos da eklesiis mier keTilad ganwesebuli gangebis gankiTxvas ar mivceT Tavi; yovelTvis unda vicodeT, rom msgavsi azrebi sakuTar Tavze amao mindobiT, ampartavnebis karnaxiT da borot sulTa waqezebiT Cndeba. amitom gvafrTxilebs mociquli: `ekrZaleniT nu vinme iyos warmtyuenel Tquenda sibrZnis moyuarebiTa da cudiTa sacTuriTa, moZRvrebisa misebr kacTasa, wesTa maTebr amis soflisaTa da ara qristes mier~ (kol. 2, 8).

momzadebulia m TinaTin gogoCaSvilis mier g C S

Rirsi mamis, grigol xanZTelis cxovrebam Semogvinaxa: RvTis gamoukvleveli gangebulebiT, anCis saepiskoposos daqvrivebul saydarze sruliad uRirsi kaci, Tbilisis amiras gamozrdili cqiri avida. misma TavaSvebulma saqcielma uaRresad ganarisxa samRvdeloeba da qarTlis kaTolikosis kurTxeviT Sekrebilma episkoposebma da meudabnoe mamebma cqiris uRirsi gaZeveba episkoposi gadawyvites. marTlac, waradgines sakurTxevlis winaSe da grigol arqimandritma da monazonma febroniam ganmoses igi. am saeklesio qmedebiT, mas `ganeSora Sewevna RmrTisa,~ da amitom `Rone yoveli daelia.~ anu: saRvTo madls moklebuls, Zala srulad gamoecala. ganrisxebuli cqiri amirasTan Cavida, misi daxmarebiT anCis saydari ZaliT daipyro da mama grigolze SurisZieba gadawyvita. man xalxi Sekriba da xanZTis monastris dasangrevad gagzavna. mze amodioda, rodesac cqiris gagzavnili xalxi xanZTis taZars miadga. maSin TviT grigol arqimandriti gamovida maTTan da mimarTa: SuadRemde dro mogveciT me da Cems Zmebs, rom eklesiaSi, qristes winaSe locva aRvavlinoT da wmida giorgis (anu wmidans, vis saxelzec taZari iyo nakurTxi), sxva yvela wmidans

adgilas aResruleboda. esenia: cxovelmyofeli jvris, macxovrisa da yovladwmida RvTismSoblis Sesamoslis, wmida nawilebis, aseve saeklesio wesiT nakurTxi zeTis, wylisa da sxva wmida nivTebis saSualebiT aRsrulebuli saswaulebi, romelTac qristianebi locviTa da rwmeniT scemen Tayvans.

eklesiis istoriidan isic cnobilia, rom arc erTi suliwmidis madliT aRsavse RvTivsaTno moRvawisaTvis ucxo ar yofila eklesiis mier RvTivganwesebuli wesrigi, es moRvaweebi maRliT boZebul madls mRvdelmoqmedebaSi da eklesiis mier dadgenili wesebis saSualebiT avlendnen. ai, magaliTi saqarTvelos eklesiis istoriidan, romelic

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sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

anCisxatis gundis misioneruli koncertebi amerikaSi

mravalsaukunovani tradiciebis mqone qarTuli xalxuri simReriTa da galobiT ukve, karga xania, ucxoelebic dainteresdnen. marTlmadidebluri rwmena da qarTuli kultura rom erTobasa da ganuyoflobaSi avlens TavisTavadobas, amas ara marto Sinauri, aramed gareSec kargad xvdeba da kidev ufro umZafrdeba wyurvili, rac SeiZleba, axlos gaicnos igi. es gacnoba ki, upirvelesad, im adamianTa meSveobiT xdeba, romlebic wlebis ganmavlobaSi zrunaven, ufrTxildebian da aRadgenen Zvel qarTul mravalxmianobasa da samgaloblo tradiciebs. anCisxatis taZris mgalobelTa gundis wvlili am mxriv udidesia. es gundi Tavisi SemoqmedebiTi muSaobis manZilze, mravali welia Cvens tradiciul mravalxmianobas acnobs ara marto qarTvel sazogadoebas, aramed saqarTveloze Seyvarebul ucxoel msmenelsac da didi siyvaruliT sargeblobs msoflios bevr qveyanaSi. 2005 wlis 19-22 noembers ki taZris mgalobelTa gundi pirvelad gaxldaT miwveuli 2 amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi. aRsaniSnavia, rom am stumrobis dros maT Tan axldaT saqarTvelos sapatriarqos galobis centrisa da gazeT `sapatriarqos uwyebanis~ TanamSromeli, batoni luarsab togoniZe. Cven SevxvdiT anCisxatis mgalobelTa gundis xelmZRvanels, baton malxaz erqvaniZesa da luarsab togoniZes da vTxoveT, moeTxroT am mogzaurobis Sesaxeb. da es idea? (dasasruli. dasawyisi ix. STabeWdileba moaxdina mayure`sapatriarqos uwyebani~ #9) malxaz erqvaniZe: _ koncer- belze, isini Tan simReras us_ rogorc viciT, Tqveni kontebis ganmavlobaSi kompiuteris mendnen, Tan am fotoebs ecnocertebi saqarTvelos eklesiamonastrebis, sasuliero pire - meSveobiT xdeboda Zveli qarTveli bodnen. amisTvis luarsabs Zalian didi madloba minda gadavuxado. luarsab togoniZe: _ rogorc mogaxseneT, jons inglisurad mihyavda koncertebi da msmenels maTTvis gasageb enaze uambobda yvela simReris Sinaarsis, xasiaTis, warmoSobis Sesaxeb. garkveulwilad, aman Zalian didi daxmareba gagviwia, mniSvnelovani iyo isic, rom am turnes win gundis wevrma, batonma daviT SuRliaSvilma amerikis saelCos daxmarebiT gamosca qarTuli xalxuri simRerebis sanoto krebuli, romelsac Tan axlavs inglisurenovani transkrifcia da Targmani, Sesabamisi winasityvaoba da Canawerebi. aman Zalian didi daintereseba gamoiwvia amerikelebSi da faqtiurad, yvela egzempliari sakoncerto

1 dasaruli me-15 gv.

bisa da gamoCenili pirovnebebis fotosuraTebis gamofenis TanxlebiT mimdinareobda, es ki ucxoelebs saSualebas aZlevda, ufro naTeli warmodgena SeqmnodaT Cvens qveyanaze. Tu SeiZleba gviambeT, rogor daiba-

momRerlebis, mgaloblebis, eklesia_monastrebis, saqarTvelos sxvadasxva kuTxis peizaJebis fotoebis Cveneba. es sakmaod cocxali da kargad aRsaqmeli masala iyo, ramac Zalian didi

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

dasawyisi me-14 gv. 1

turnes dasrulebamde gaiyida. qarTul simReras, saerTod Zalian didi emocia axlavs, amas kargad grZnobdnen amerikelebi. uamravi aRfrTovanebuli adamiani vnaxe, romelTaTvisac sul sxva samyaro wardga qarTuli galobisa da simReris saxiT, saqarTvelo maTTvis aRmoCena iyo. Zalian dainteresdnen erovnuli tansacmliT, misi daniSnulebiT, ainteresebdaT, iyo Tu ara es sabrZolo uniforma, qalebi Tu mRerian saqarTveloSi, Tu arsebobs vaJTa da qalTa gundebi. joni erTi weli saqarTveloSi cxovrobda da bevri ram naxa da gaigo da amitom is kiTxvebi, romelic amerikels SeiZleba gasCenoda, ukve winaswar cnobili iyo misTvis da cdilobda, maqsimalurad daekmayofilebina maTi yuradReba. sakmaod vrcel da saintereso ganmartebebs urTavda TiToeul simReras Tu fotos, magram mainc imdenad didi iyo interesi, rom koncertebis Semdeg uamrav SekiTxvaze gvixdeboda pasuxis gacema. _ CvenTvis, qarTvelebisTvis, qarTuli xalxuri simRera da galoba organuladaa gadajaWvuli erTmaneTze. es erTi ganuyofeli mTlianobaa, romelic amaRlebulsa da sulier grZnobebs, amasTan, sakuTar fesvebs SegvagrZnobinebs. sainteresoa, ramdenad grZnobdnen da aRiqvamdnen am erTobas amerikelebi... luarsab togoniZe: _ ra Tqma unda, grZnobdnen. amas garda, joni sagangebod saubrobda sagaloblebis kiloebze, maT warmoSobaze, simRerebTan msgavsebasa Tu gansxvavebze, sagaloblis wardgena sagangebod xdeboda, aqcenti keTdeboda maT sulier mxareze. is garkveuli

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ma marTlmadideblobis ase gaTaviseba da saukuneebis manZilze mTeli arsebiT msaxureba ise, rom qarTuli kultura erTianad SeduRabda qristianobasTan, qristianobaSi da maTi danaw evreba ukve warmoudgenelic kia. _ iqauri marTlmadideblur eklesia-monastrebs an saTvistomebs xom ar gamouTqvamT survili, ufro axlos gacnobodnen qarTul galobas, SeeswavlaT igi? malxaz erqvaniZe: _ SemoTavazeba, rogorc aseTi, ar yofila, Cven sakmaod mZime reJimSi viyaviT, arc dro da arc SesaZlebloba gvqonda saamisod. Tumca sxvadasxva winadadebebi iyo. erTma moZRvarma gviTxra,

sulieri simdidre da madli, rac qarTul sagaloblebSia, xalxur simRerebSic igrZnoba. bunebrivicaa, radgan qarTveli kaci eklesiaSic morwmune iqneboda da eklesiis gareTac. es Cveni drois tragediaa, gaorebulebi rom varT, Torem adre cxovrebis wesi iyo sulierebisa da yofierebis Rrma Serwyma. anCisxatis gundma Tavisi maRalprofesionalizmis, maRali donisa da maRali sulierebis xarjze moaxerxa, swored sulieri mxare mietana msmenelamde, am kuTxiT yofiliyo qarTuli kultura STambeWdavi da ara specefeqtebze damyarebuli xmebiTa Tu ganaTebebiT. saerTod, amerikelma msmenelma ara marto qarTuli galobisadmi gamoxata daintereseba, aramed zogadad kulturisadmi, qarTul kulturas da simReras qristianobis saocari beWedi adevs, rac Zalian kargad dainaxes maspinZlebma. a m e r i k e l i marTlmadideblebi garkveuli alternativis winaSe dganan, amerikis marTlmadidebeli eklesia axalgazrda eklesiaa, maT aqvT arCevani: rusuli marTladidebeli eklesia, romlis gavlenac udidesia da berZnul-bizantiuri, romelic b kidev ufro mdidari kulturisaa qristianobis istoriaSi. amerikaSi, ZiriTadad, es ori didi eklesiaa da misi gavle na igrZnoba, am dros gamoCnda mesame, aseve uZvelesi eklesia _ saqarTvelo Tavis kulturiTa da sulieri monapovriT, romelic aCvenebs maT saukuneebg amovlil da gamobrZmedil marTlmadideblur kulturas. aman saocari zemoqmedeba moaxdina maTze, gaocebulebi iyv nen, rogor SeZlo am patara er-

rom aliaskaze, marTlmadideblur monasterSi undaT specialisti, romelic Cava da qarTul galobas aswavlis maT, magram, TavisTavad, es spontanurad ar moxdeba. sagangebo momzadeba sWirdeba am sakiTxs, rac, ra Tqma unda, orive mxares karg Sedegs moutans. gastrolebis dros Cven sul veubnebodiT maT, rom is, rac Tqven mogwonT qarTul galobaSi, simReraSi,

1 gagrZeleba me-16 gv.

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dasawyisi me-15 gv. 1

es marto lamazi musika ar aris da arc TavisTavad mosula, igi marTlmadideblobis nayofia saqarTveloSi, Tu Tqven gainteresebT, ufro Rrmad gaecnoT qarTul kulturas da mis musikas, rasakvirvelia, umjobesia, upirvelesad gaecnoT marTlmadideblobas, im fesvebs, saidanac nasazrdoebia es yvelaferi. Cven vcdilobdiT, yovelive es mcire dozebiT migvewodebina da Tavs ar mogvexvia maTTvis.

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

da faqtiurad, dasvenebisTvisac ki ar gvqonda dro, magram rodesac qarTvelebi gvxdebodnen, emociebs veRar vikavebdiT, es namdvilad mniSvnelovani iyo rogorc maTTvis, aseve CvenTvisac. yvela Tbilad gvxdeboda, monatrebuli da siyvaruliT savse grZnobebiT gvesaubrebodnen da sul ambobdnen, rom rogorc ki saSualeba miecemaT, maSinve dabrundebian. Cven ki, Cveni mxriv, vanugeSebdiT da xumrobiTac ki veubnebodiT: _ CamobrZandiT, samSoblos ginaxavT_Tqo. saqarTveloSi xalxi, maTTan SedarebiT, TiTqos gaciebulia, iq ki piriqiT, gamTbarni arian samSoblos siyvaruliTa da monatrebiT. samwuxarod, Cveni daZabuli reJimis da winaswar dagegmili grafikis gamo, qarTulenovan wirva-locvaze ver vimsaxureT.

ona, romelic adre, garkveuli periodi, siRnaRSi cxovrobda, saocaria, erTi koncerti ar gaucdenia, erTxel CikagoSic ki gadmofrinda TviTmfrinaviT koncertze dasaswrebad, imdenad Seyvarebulia qarTul kul-

_ amerikaSi yofnis dros Tu gqondaT saSualeba, RvTismsaxu rebaze gegalobaT? malxaz erqvaniZe: _

TiTqmis yovel kviras wirvaze vgalobdiT, ise kargad hqondaT programa, rom orgasadac ki nizatorebs dagegmili movxvdebodiT, marTlmadidebluri taZrebSi gviwevda msaxurebaze daswreba da galoba. ZiriTadad, amerikis marTlmadideblur eklesiebSi viyaviT. turaze. araerTi aseTi SemTxveva da sasixarulo Sexvedra gvqonda.

luarsab togoniZe: _ metad

gulTbili da sagangebo Sexvedra mogviwyves niu-iorkSi, sadac TiTqmis srulad iyo warmodgenili amerikaSi mcxovrebi qarTveli mrevli da qarTuli samrevlos winamZRvari, mama aleqsandre TandilaSvili, Tumca, iq wminda ninos taZarSi ar gvimsaxuria. saerTod, Cveni viziti unda damTxveoda sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis vizits aSS-Si, magram cnobilma katastrofam _ qariSxalma `katrinam~ es vizdasasruli me-17 gv. 1

_

amerikis

SeerTebul

StatebSi, kerZod, niu-iorkSi i ukve 12 welia arsebobs wminda ninos saxelobis qarTuli samrevlo, amas garda, iq ramdenime qarTveli sasuliero piri moRvaweobs. sainteresoa, maTTan da iq myof qarTvelebTan Tu gqondaT sagangebo Sexvedrebi, qarTulenovan wirva-locvaze l xom ar galobdiT? malxaz erqvaniZe: marTalia,

metad rTul reJimSi gviwevda muSaoba, gamudmebiT gzaSi viyaviT

luarsab togoniZe: _ aRsaniSnavia, rom Cven iq vnaxeT ramdenime sasuliero piri, romelic saqarTveloSi axlda Tan mitropolit hermanes. gvxvdebodnen is amerikelebic, romlebic adre samsaxuriT Tu sxva gziT daukavSirdnen saqarTvelos da axla saocari nostaligia aqvT Cveni qveynisadmi. Tan dagvyveboda erTi gog-

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

dasawyisi me-16 gv. 1

iti droebiT gadado. Cven ki ukve winaswar viyaviT SeTanxmebuli iqaur mitropolias da sadac uwmidesi CabrZandeboda, iq unda gvemsaxura. marTalia, Cveni patriarqis stumroba ar Sedga, magram Cveni grafiki ZalaSi darCa da amitom mogviwia niu-iorkSi, amerikis marTlmadidebeli eklesiis daqvemdebarebaSi myof taZarSi msaxureba. viyaviT vaSingtonSic, sadac qarTveli moZRvari, dekanozi miqael fofxaZe msaxurobs. Tavad mama miqael-

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

17

simZimisa da axloblebis monatrebis grZnobisa. qarTuli simRera iseTia, aqaur qarTvelebsac xSirad mogvadgeba xolme Tvalze cremli da miT ufro, ucxoeTSi myofTaTvis aris es axlobeli da Zvirfasi ram. Cven gvindoda, rac SeiZleba naklebad sevdiani yofiliyo iqaur qarTvelebTan Sexvedrebi, piriqiT, vcdilobdiT, gagvemxnevebina da sixaruli migveniWebina maTTvis.

ma gvimaspinZla da gvipatrona. gagvakvirva Tavad amerikeli mrevlis damokidebulebam qarTveli moZRvrebisadmi, didi siyvaruliTa da pativiscemiT moixsenieben TiToeul maTgans. qarTvelebi ki amboben, rom Cven, Cveni moZRvrebis locva-kurTxeva gvaZlebinebs am ucxo qveyanaSi, Torem Zalian Znelia saqarTvelos gareT yofnao. Cveni moZRvrebis garSemo Semokrebil qarTvelebSi, marTlac, saocrad igrZnoba namdvili saqarTvelo da samSoblos siyvaruli. maT TiTqos araferi akliaT da awuxebT, garda samSoblosTan ganSorebis

_ didi madloba saintereso saubrisaTvis.

esaubra Tamar asaTiani

sveticxovlis freskis fragmenti `zodiaqos rkali~

`adamians SeuZlia yava miirTvas, magram yavaze mkiTxaoba dauSvebelia. zustad aseve, xiluli zecis Tanavarskvlavedebad (zodiaqoebad) dayofa SeiZleba, oRond varskvlavebze mkiTxaoba _ ara~

Cveni dRevandeli sinamdvilisaTvis niSandoblivia sxvadasxva seqtebisa da cru swavlebebis moZaleba, rac seriozul safrTxes uqmnis adamianTa cnobierebas da upirvelesad, mozardi TaobisaTvis aris damRupveli. amasTanave, araerTi SemTxvevaa, roca marTlmadideblur tradiciad Tu moZRvrebad inaTleba is warmarTuli crurwmenebi da swavlebebi, romlebsac eklesia saukuneTa manZilze ebrZoda! samwuxarod, amgvari damokidebuleba qarTveli xalxis sulieri cxovrebis erT-erTi umniSvnelovanesi keris _ sveticxovlis sulier memkvidreobasac Seexo. avrceleben azrs, rom TiTqos qristianoba ar uaryofda astrologias da amis sabuTad s v e t i c x o v l i s samxreTi kedlis freskaze gamosaxuli zodiaqos niSnebi mohyavT (?!)* (gv. 8, 9, 52, 59). Cveni oponentebi, `qarTuli astrologiuri azrovnebis~ dasturad, sxva `argumentebsac~ iSvelieben. maTi azriT, XI saukuneSi ... `saqarTveloSi ... umaRlesi rangis sasuliero pirovnebebi, Svilis momavals, astrologiuri niSnis mixedviT sazRvravdnen~ (ix. iqve, gv. 26, 52, 53), xolo xelnawerTa ins3 titutis A -3 8 x e l n a w e r i s _ `mcxeTuri daviTnis~ danarTSi mocemul TxzulebaSi (`cnobisaTvis da uwyebisaTvis~), astrologiur kalendars Wvreten (?!) da mravali sxva (ix. iqve, gv. 53). samwuxaroa, magram faqtia, rom amgvari Sexedulebebis reklamirebas zogierTi telearxi da Jurnal-gazeTic uwyobs xels, rac mcdari geziT mimarTavs adamianTa cnobierebas. upirvelesad sityva `zodiaqos~ miSvnelobas SevexebiT. es sityva berZnuli sityvidan `Zoon~ (cxoveli) aris warmomdgari,

* z. qoqraSvili _ `bibliur patiosanTa qvaTa da etlTa Sesaxeb~, Tbilisi_2005w.

dasasruli me-18 gv. 1

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dasawyisi me-17 gv. 1

romlis amgvari saxelwodebac imiT aris ganpirobebuli, rom Tanavarskvlavedebs uZveles droidanve (umTavresad) cxovelTa saxelebiT moixseniebdnen. cneba `zodiaqos~ aRsaniSnavad ZvelqarTul enaSi ramdenime termini gvxvdeba:: `cxovelTa-saxilveli~ anu `cxovelTa-saxilavi~, `burji~ da `etli~ (ix. sulxan-saba orbelianis `leqsikoni qarTuli~). xSirad gvesmis, rom marTlmadidebloba da eklesia zodiaqos niSnebs uaryofs (ix. 11, gv. 12) amnairi umecreba Znelad warmosadgenia. moviyvan Se-darebas. adamians SeuZlia yava miirTvas, magram yavaze mkiTxaoba dauSvebelia. zustad aseve, xiluli zecis Tanavarskvlavedebad (zodiaqoebad) dayofa SeiZleba, oRond varskvlavebze mkiTxaoba _ ara. amdenad, zodiaqos niSnebs, arc mzes da arc mTvares eklesia ar uaryofs. eklesia amxels RvTis mier bibliur meoTxe dRes Seqmnili ciuri mnaTobebis meSveobiT adamianTa bedze crubrZnobas, varskvlavTmisnobas. amgvarad, radgan gansaxilveli mTavari sakiTxi sveticxovlis taZris samxreT kedelze, aRmosavleTidan dasavleTisaken ganfenil erT erT freskas ukavSirdeba, Tavdapirvelad mis ganxilvas SemogTavazebT, romelzec apokalifsis amsaxveli fragmentebia gamosaxuli. am freskis mTlianad ganxilva friad sainteresoa, magram Cveni saubris Tematikidan gamomdinare, amjerad mxolod mis centralur nawilSi gamosaxul fragments SevexebiT, sadac koncentrul wreebSi (`mzisTvalSi~) macxovari da mis garSemo oTxi cxoveli, angelozTa dasi, zodiaqos rkalis Tanavarskvlavedebis aRmniSvnel cxovelTa gamosaxulebebi, (xolo maT Soris) m z e , m T v a r e da varskvlavebia.

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

momcemelisai, romeli frinavs Cuen zeda zeciT.~ fragmentze warmodgenil angelozTa raodenoba cametia, Tumca ki ar unda dagvaviwydes, rom wmida werilis mixedviT isini uricxvni arian (dabad. XXXII, 1-2; danielis winasw. VII, 10; lk. II, 13 da sxva). aq maTi ierar-qiuli gansxvavebac SeimCneva. ase magaliTad, advilad amovicnobT mTavarangeloz miqaels, romelsac marcxena xelSi isriani kverTxi upyria. misi gare Sesamoseli lurjia, Sida ki wiTeli. (Cvengan) mis marcxniv mTavarangelozi gabrielia gamosaxuli, romelsac marcxena xelSi sfero, marjvenaSi ki kverTxi upyria. misi gareTa Sesamoseli wiTelia, SigniTa ki lurji (gansaxilvel fragmentze mzis qveS gamosaxuli angelozi). aq gamosaxulia agreTve serafimebi, qerubimebi da sxvani. fragmentze, `mzisTvalis~ I Sris xatebaze berZnuli warweraa, romelic qarTulad Semdegnairad ikiTxeba:: `aqebdiT ufalsa caTagan, aqebdiT mas maRalTa Sina. aqebdiT mas yovelni Zalni misni, aqebdiT mas yovelni angelozni misni, aqebdiT mas mze da mTovare, aqebdiT mas yovelni varskvlavni~. aRniSnuli teqsti wmida werilidan aris aRebuli da igi 148-e fsalmunis 1-3 muxlebs warmoadgens. apokalifsis amsaxvel freskaze, daviT winaswarmetyvelis zemoT

fragmentze gamosaxuli `saydris~, `oTxTa cxovelTa~ da `angelozTa~ Sesaxeb wmida werilSi SegviZlia amovikiTxoT:: `da yovelni angelozni dges garemois saydrisa... da oTxTa maT cxovelTaisa~... (gamocx, VII, 11). ...`da pirveli igi cxoveli msgavsi iyo lomisai, da meore cxoveli msgavsi iyo kuroisai, da mesame cxovelsa aqunda piri kacisai, da meoTxe msgavsi arwivsa mfrinvalesa~ (gamocx. IV, 7). wmida s a x e andria kesariakabadukielis ganmartebiT:: ...`eseni

sveticxovlis zodiaqos rkalis sqematuri gamosaxuleba

arian qristeis gangebulebisa, rameTu lomisa piri saxei ars misi, viTarca meufisai, da kuroisai, viTarca mRdelisai, da ufroisad msxuerplisai; xolo kacisai, viTarca CuenTvs gankacebulisai; xolo arwivisai, viTarca sulisa wmidisa

gagrZeleba me-19 gv. 1

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

dasawyisi me-18 gv. 1

moxmobili sityvebi y o v e l i adamianis RvTis sadideblad mowodeba gaxlavT, rac Cveni sulebis ugulisxmo da udardeli mdgomareobidan gamofxizlebas emsaxureba. wmida angelozTa dasisa da usulo qmnilebaTa (mzis, mTvarisa da varskvlavebis) moxmobiT, sityva aq adamianTa gulebisaken aris mimarTuli, raTa odnav mainc vcdilobdeT RvTis mier aRsrulebul saqmeTa wvdomas da RvTis SiSiTa da siyvaruliT aRZrulni, erToblivad, yvela qmnilebasTan erTad vadidebdeT mas. `mzisTvalis~ I Sris xatebaze, rombisebr monaxazSi moCans saydarze mjdomi Ze RvTisa, romelsac marcxena xelSi (anu Cvengan marjvniv) naxevrad gaxsnili gragnili uWiravs. masze berZnuli warweraa, romelic qarTuli transkrifciiT i Semdegnairad ikiTxeba: `idete, idete, hoti ego eimi Teos ~, rac qarTulad iTargmneba ase:: i `ixileT, ixileT, rameTu me var RmerTi ~. aRniSnuli sityvebi i bibliidanaa aRebuli: `ixileT, ixileT, rameTu me var da ara ars RmerTi Cemsa gareSe, me movakudini, me vacxovni, me movwyli, me ganvkurni da ara ars, romeli ganeres xelsa Cemsa~ (me-2 sjul. 32, 39). wmida werilis es sityvebi, didmarxvaSi, samSabaTobiT, `umciresTa~ (10 bibliur sagalobelTa muxlebi, romlebic CaerTvis saciskro

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

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ucxoeTis qronika

orqidis avtonomiuri eparqiis mmarTveli, mTavarepiskoposi ioane sapyrobiledan gaaTavisufles gasul kviras orqidis sapy robiledan gaaTavisufles eparqiis mmarTveli mTavarepiskoposi ioane (vraniSkovski). orqidis avtonomiuri samTavarepiskoposo serbeTis marTlmadidebeli eklesiis wmida sinodma gasuli wlis maisSi makedoniis teritoriaze mcx ovreb morwmuneTaTvis daaarsa. makedoniis sainformacio saSualebebis cnobiT, yofili patimari mRvdelmTavris ad vokatma, batonma vasko georgievma respublikis uzenaesi sasamarTlodan miiRo uwyeba imis Sesaxeb, rom meufe ioanes patimrobis vada 2,5 wlidan 8 Tvemde Seumcires da amitom ukve sapyrobiledan aTavisufleben. orqidis eparqiis mmarTvelis, mTavarepiskopos ioanes (vraniSkovski) gaTavisuflebisTvis Suamdgomloba makedoniis xelisuflebasTan aRZres: msoflio patriarqma, yovladuwmidesma barTlomeosma, serbeTis patriaqma, uwmidesma pavlem, aseve vatikanma, eklesiaTa msoflio sabWom da sxva mravalma re ligiurma Tu adamianis uflebaTa damcavma organizaciam. gasuli wlis ivlisSi mTavarepiskoposi ioane make doniis eklesiis (romelic arc erTi adgilobrivi eklesiis mier araa aRiarebuli) sinodma samRvdelo xarisxidan gankveTa. amis Semdeg igi daapatimres `re-

kanonTa 9 galobas) II galobis dros igalobeba. gragnilze arsebuli teqstidan gamomdinare, vfiqrobT, freskis avtors (an misi ikonografiuli programis Semdgenels) srulebiT ar hqonda ganzraxuli ganecvifrebina an amao cnobismoyvareobiT miezida mnaxveli, aramed saSinel samsjavroze fiqriT, RvTis SiSi da siyvaruli Caenerga mlocvelTa gulebSi, da msgavsad wmida andria kretelisa elocaT:: _ `ixileT ixileT, rameTu me var meufe (RmerTi _ mR. b.g.), i s m i n e S e n s u l o C e m o , RaRadeba uflisa, da evltode pirvelsa coduasa da hsZrwode, viTarca msajulisa, da viTarca RvTisagan~ (marxvani _ didi marxvis I Svideulis oTxSabaTis serobis Jamni, andria kretelis kanonis me-2 galoba, gv. 127). wmida werilis mixedviT, qristes garda msajulebi sxvebic iqnebian: ... `raJams dajdes Ze kacisai saydarTa didebisa TvsisaTa, dasxdeT Tquenca aTormetTa saydarTa (eubneba ufali mowafeebs _ mR. b.g.), gansjad aTormetTa tomTa israHlisaTa~ (mT. XIX, 28). `ara uwyiTa, rameTu wmidaTa sofeli ganikiTxon? ... ara uwyiTa, rameTu angelozni ganvikiTxneT, nuukue amis soflisaica?~ (1 kor. VI,

gagrZeleba me-20 gv. 2

gagrZeleba me-20 gv. 2

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ucxoeTis qronika

dasawyisi me-19 gv. 1

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

macxovari mova . .`didebiTa TvsiTa, da yovelni angelozni misni mis Tana, maSin dajdes saydarTa didebisa TvsisaTa~ (mT. XXV, 31). vfiqrobT, rom swored wmida werilis zemoT moyvanili sityvebiT gadmocemuli saRvTo istoriaa asaxuli winamdebare fragmentze, sadac macxovari angelozTa dasiT aris garSemortymuli. amdenad, am freskis upirvelesi daniSnuleba, meored mosvlis Jamze, saSinel samsjavroze fiqriT, yoveli adamianis sulieri sifxizlisaken, sinanulis, codvaTa aRiarebisa da gulmxurvale locvisaken mowodeba gaxlavT.

TbilisSi, sololakSi mdebare amaRlebis taZris winamZRvari m R Z m mRvdeli biZina (gunia) g

dasawyisi me-19 gv. 1

2-3; SeadareT mT. XII, 41-42). amasTan, mociqulebi da zogierTi wmidani, ara damoukidebeli samsjavroTi, aramed TanamonawileobiTa da TananebelobiT gansjian. aq auci-lebelia imis aRniSvnac, rom qristes samsjavro gansxvavebuli iqneba kacTa samsjavrosagan, radgan masze ara mxolod sityvebiT, aramed azriTac iqnebian mxilebulni, rac uTuod unda gaiTvaliswinon astrologiuri cru-swavlebis mimdevrebma da ecadon, droulad gaTavisufldnen mcdari Sexedulebebisagan. da kvlav davZenT, meored mosvlisas, gansxvavebiT pirvelisa,

ligiur da nacionalur niadagze SuRlisa da mtrobis gaRvivebis~ braldebiT da gasul kviramde skopies maxloblad arsebul indrizovos sapatimroSi imyofeboda. mTavarepiskoposi ioane (vraniSkovski) kvlavac apirebs, ganagrZos brZola makedoniis xelisufalTa mier misdami daqvemdebarebuli eparqiis aRiarebisTvis. meufe ioanes gancxadebiT, orqidis eparqia dRemde finansdeba serbeTis mTavrobisa da mezobeli saberZneTis mier. mTavarepiskoposi ioanes (vraniSkovski) moTxovnas mxars uWers agreTve aSS-s saxelmwifo s departamentic. departamentSi acxadeben, rom makedoniis xelisufalTa uari orqidis eparqiis registraciaze am qveyanaSi religiuri Tavisuflebis SezRudvis maniSnebelia. vatikanma evropaSi mcxovrebi mcire erebis kaTolicizmze moqceva gadawyvita vatikani iwyebs misionerul saqmianobas boSebs Soris. kaTolikuri eklesiis xelmZRvanelobam SeimuSava sagangebo direqtivebi im misionerTaTvis, romlebic kaTolicizms boSebsa da evropis sxva mcirericxovan erebs uqadageben. vatikanis azriT, boSebi metad religiurebi arian da xSirad im qveynis aRmsareblobas Rebuloben, sadac cxovroben.

saukunenaxevris winaT Tqmulis Tanamedrove JReradoba

`iciT ki ra unugSo da usixarulo fiqrebi maqvs? da arcTu usafuZvlo. vxvdebi adamianebs, rom lebic marTlmadideblebad iTvlebian, magram volterianuli, naturalisturi, luTeranuli da sxva qristianuli swavlebis sawinaaRmdego suliT arian aRsavseni. maT mecniereba umaRlesi saganmanaTleblo saswavlebleblebSi SeiZines, arc briyvni arian da arc borotni, magram sarwmu noebasa da eklesiasTan damokidebulebaSi arad vargian. Tu CvenSi ar Seicvleba aRzrdis sistema d a s a z o g a d o e b i s w e s -C v e u l e b e b i , a u c i l e b l a d C Sesustdeba WeSmariti qristianoba, yvelas Zlevs ama soflis suli da qristianis mxolod saxeliRa darCeba.~

wmida Teofane dayudebuli

dasasruli

21-e gv. e

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

21

ucxoeTis qronika

dasawyisi me-20 gv. 2

pateriki t

amba arsenis cxovrebidan

mxolod sizmari erTxel, diliT amba arsenis senaks misi ori moswavle ewvia da bers Tavisi saTno saqmeebis Sesaxeb Txroba dauwyo. isini erTmaneTSi xSirad kamaTobdnen, Tu vin ufro marTal cxovrebas eweoda da axla amis gansasjelad moZRvarTan mosuliyvnen. magram im diliT mama arseni uCveulod mdumare iyo. _ RamiT ucnauri sizmari vixile, warmoTqva man xangrZlivi dumilis Semdeg. - xma momesma, romelmac momiwoda: `wamodi, kacTa saqmeni unda giCveno!~ mec gavyevi. xmam tyeSi wamiyvana. iq vixile erTi kaci, romelic fiCxs agrovebda. mas ukve imdeni fiCxi mogrovebina, rom Zvras ver uzamda. magram imis nacvlad, rom fiCxis nawili sadme calke gadaewyo, igi imave adgilze idga, fiCxs ixutebda da Cexvas ganagrZobda... Semdeg mobrunda da uecrad davinaxe, rom igi ucnaurad waagavda erT-erT Tqvengans... SeuZlebelia! - wamoiZaxa im moswavlem, visac moZRvarma metyveli mzera miapyro, - `ras ambob, mamao! me aseT sibriyves arasdros Cavidendi!~ - mec ase vifiqre, - miugo moZRvarma da Txroba ganagrZo. _ Semdeg xmam miTxra: `gana ase ar iqceva amqveynad mravali adamiani? nacvlad imisa, rom ampartavneba daacxros da maradiulobaSi naklebadcodvili gadavides, - ratomRac tvirTs sul ufro metad imZimebs.~ Semdeg WasTan aRmovCndi. vixile erTi kaci, romelic gulmodgined asxamda wyals Zirgatexil kokaSi da ase, amaod cdilobda kokis avsebas. wyali Zirs iqceoda, koka carieli rCeboda da kaci sul fuWad irjeboda. magram Semdeg man moixeda da... - ara, mamao, albaT, SegeSala! nuTu, ver SevamCnevdi, rom koka gatexilia?! - swrafad wamoiZaxa meore moswavlem, roca moZRvris metyveli mzera Tavis Tavze SeniSna. - mec ase vifiqre - mSvidad miugo moZRvarma da ganagrZo: `xmam miTxra, rom kaci, romelic wylis avsebas gatexil kokaSi cdilobs, iseT adamians ganasaxierebs, romelic Tumca saTno saqmeebs iqms, magram iqve borotsac Seurevs da amiT yovelive saukeTesos CanasaxSive spobs. Semdeg ki mkiTxa: `gana ase ar iqceva dedamiwaze mcxovrebTa umravlesoba?~ verafris Tqma ver movaswari, radgan, uecrad umSvenieres taZarTan aRmovCndi. iq ori mxedari vixile. maT xelSi mori eWiraT orive bolodan da ase qalaqis karibWeSi Secvlas cdilobdnen, magram vinaidan arcerT maTgans meoresTvis gzis daTmoba ar surda, morma Sesasvleli gadauketa, mxedrebi gareT rCebodnen da

gagrZeleba 22-e gv. e

Tumca, aseve xSirad isini sx vadasxva seqtebis adeptebic xdebian. `Cven movaleni varT, saswrafod aRmovuCinoT dax mareba adamianebs, romlebic ufals eZieben~, _ naTqvamia vatikanis mier gamoqveynebul gancxadebaSi. boSaTa bedze, romlebic adgilobrivi mosaxleobis mxridan xSirad Zaladobisa da diskriminaciis msxverpli xdeba, ukve zrunaven adamianis uflebaTa dacvis saerTaSoriso organi zaciebi. axla maT ricxvs kaTolikuri eklesiac SeuerTdeba. pakistanSi qristianebis dasacavad krizis-centrebs xsnian c pakistanis protestantma da kaTolike liderebma ganacxades, rom ganzraxuli aqvT qveyanaSi islamuri eqstremistebisgan Tavdasacavad krizis-centrebis c gaxsna. krizis-centrebis umTavresi c amocana iqneba qristianebis mimarT Zaladobis aRkveTa. es gadawyvetileba pakistanis qristianuli konfesiebis liderebma qristianebze mudmivi Tavdasxmebis gamo miiRes. krizis-centrebis proeqtis c erT-erTi iniciatoris TqmiT, e `krizis-centrebs daevalebaT c muslimebsa da religiur um ciresobebs Soris urTierTobis daregulireba, raTa adgilo brivi ZalebiT Tavidan aviciloT religiur niadagze konfliqtebis ganviTareba.~

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dasawyisi me-21 gv. 2

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

sasufevelSi ver Seva!~ mixvdnen mowafeebi, vis gulisxmobda moZRvari da damwuxrdnen. - es xom mxolod sizmaria! - gaeRima moZRvars. - gixarodeT, rom jer kidev gaqvT dro gasaRviZeblad!

ilanZRebodnen. - nuTu es Cven viyaviT?! erTxmad wamoiyvires mowafeebma. ar vici, zurgidan vxedavdi da maTi saxeebi ar minaxavs, amoixvneSa moZRvarma da dasZina:

xmam miTxra - `Sexede am adamianebs, maT `simarTlis mori~ moaqvT, magram amas didi ampartavnebiT iqman. arcerT maTgans ar surs, pirvelma daimdablos Tavi, rom gamoswordes. amis gareSe ki vercerTi maTgani RvTis

amba moses cxovrebidan

Tavmdablobis gakveTili egviptis erT-erT provinciaSi axalgazrda mmarTveli daniSnes. Wabuki ocnebobda, saxeli gaeTqva mTel qveyanaze samarTlianobiTa da sibrZniT. magram pirvelive dRes, roca igi sajarod sityvas warmoTqvamda, zurgs ukan moesma: - Sorsaa igi amba mosesgan! Cvens mxareSi masze brZeni aravinaa! es sityvebi Rrmad aRibeWda Wabuki didebulis pativmoyvare sulSi. mas Semdeg dRe ar gavidoda, amba moses didebaze rom ar efiqra. bolos gadawyvita, monasterSi misuliyo da saxelganTqmuli beri piradad exila. Wabuk mmarTvels Tan msaxurni gahyvnen. mxedrebs gza aebnaT da didxans mouwiaT udabnoSi xetiali. WaobebTan Savkaniani moxuci SemoxvdaT, romelmac gza aswavla. `eTiopelo, wamiZexi amba moses senakamde! - ubrZana mas axalgazrda mmarTvelma~. `me iq ar waval da arc Tqven girCevT! Sors daiWireT Tavi im avazakisgan! amasTan, Tqveni amba mose sulelicaa da misgan mainc kargs verafers SeityobT!~ - miugo moxucma da buCqebSi miimala. axalgazrda mmarTveli gamxiarulda. mas eama, Turme misi yvela qveSevrdomi rodi ganadidebs ambas da Semdeg monasterSi misvlamde mTeli gza moxucis sityvebze xalisobda. Tumca misi sixaruli maleve mrisxanebiT Seicvala, roca berebisagan Seityo, rom amba moses asaval-dasavali ar icodnen. es imas niSnavda, rom mmarTvelma es Sori gza sul fuWad ganvlo. `dae, ase iyos! ra unda velaparako Tqvens moRvawes, Tuki Rataki mawanwalac ki, romelic Cven WaobebTan Semogvxvda, mas avazakad da sulelad moixseniebs!~ gacxarebiT wamoiZaxa axalgazrda mmarTvelma. - rogor gamoiyureboda is mawanwala, romelic amba moses lanZRavda? hkiTxes berebma mmarTvels. - es iyo maRali, Savkaniani eTiopeli Zvel Rarib samosSi, miugo didebulma. - es xom Tavad amba mosea! erTxmad SesZaxes berebma. Semdeg ki erT-erTma maTganma dasZina: `odesRac amba mose Savkaniani mona iyo. igi gaeqca Tavis batons da marTlac avazaki gaxda. magram ukve didi xania, yvelaferi moinania da maRalma RmerTma uxvad uboZa mas sibrZnisa da gulTamxilvelobis madli. - SeuZlebelia! magram ratomRa uwoda man sakuTar Tavs suleli?! - ver ijerebda pativmoyvare axalgazrda. - etyoba, SenTan Sexvedras Tavs aridebda. amba mosem jer kidev guSin gagvafrTxila, rom monasterSi mova kaci, romelsac Tavisi cnobismoyvareobis dakmayofileba da sxvisi sibrZnis savaWroze gamotana surs. Semdeg dagvmoZRvra, rom mxolod maT vesaubroT, vinc sulis cxonebis gzas eZiebs, - miuges berebma. am sityvebiT berebi Tavis senakebSi miimalnen. axalgazrda mmarTvels ki es gakveTili sicocxlis bolomde daamaxsovrda.

Targmna mariam gaguam m g

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

23

`jer kidev wminda ilia marTali Tavis publicistur werilebSi ebrZoda peter burgis universitetSi Seqmnil antiqarTul istoriografiul Teorias, romlis mixedviTac, erTiani qarTveli eri warmodgenili iyo gansxvavebuli tomebis xelovnur gaerTianebad. aRniSnuli kampaniis gagrZeleba iyo is, rom imperiulma Zalebma daiwyes megrulad da svanurad saRvTismsaxuro wignebis Targmna da scades wirva-locvis Catarebac, magram am kuTxis Svilebma da mTelma qarTulma sazoga l doebam maT sakadrisi pasuxi gasca~.

saqarTvelos kaTolikos_patriarqi ilia II

fragmentebi prof. t.futkaraZis wignidan `qarTvelebi~ o

ras fiqrobdnen Cveni winaprebi qarTvelur enobriv erTeulTa statusis Sesaxeb adreul saukuneebSi qarTvelTa enobrivi erTeulebis statusis gansazRvrisa da qarTvelTa erovnul-saxelmwifoebrivi cnobierebis TvalsazrisiT gansakuTrebiT sainteresoa `iverielTa erTobis traqtati~, romelsac 1790 wels xeli moaweres qarTl-kaxeTis, samegrelos, imereTisa da guriis mefe-mTavrebma; traqtatSi mkafiodaa naTqvami: `vinaidan yovelTave iverielTa, msaxlobelTa samefosa Sina qarTlisa, kaxeTisa, imerTa, odiSisa da guriisaTa aqvsT erT morwmuneoba, ari an Svilni erTisa kaTolike eklesiisagan Sobilni da erTisa enisa mqonebelni, aqvsT mavasxelobiTica (urTierTvaldebulebiTi t.f.) siyvaruli viTarca sisxliT naTesavTa da moyvarobiT SekrulTa urTierTTa Soris. amisaTvis Cven zemoxseneb ulad qveyanaTa iveriisa da mefeni da mTavarni damamt kicebelni saukunosa amis pirobisa saxeliT yovlad Zlierisa RvTisaTa aRvsTqvamT mtkice sa amas erTobasa, romelica TviTeulad SemdgomTa Sina hazrTa cxad iqmnebis...~ saqarTveloSi sabWoTa imperiis gabatonebamde megrulWanur da svanur enobriv erTeulebs kiloebad Tvlidnen qarTvelTa wina Taobebic da mecnierebic; mag., megruls kilod, enakavad, e.i. samwignobro qarTulis dialeqtad moixseniebdnen: saba, vaxuSti, dimitri baqraZe, ilia, akaki, iakob gogebaSvili, petre Waraia, silovan xundaZe, Tedo saxokia, wminda kirioni, wminda ambrosi, konstantine gamsaxurdia, besarion niJaraZe, giorgi wereTeli, oTar gigineiSvili, zviad gamsaxurdia da sxv; Sdr., k. danelia, 1984, gv. 68); ix., mag.: rixard erkerti da mose

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dasawyisi me-23 gv. 2

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

briv. (..) yvela skolebSi swavleba mowyobilia dedaenazed da adgilobrivs kilokavebs xmaroben asaxsnelad da gansamarteblad im saerTo sityvebisa, romelnic adgilobriv bavSvebs ar esmiT. (...) aseTi gonivruli wesi iyo Cvens saqarTveloSiac... yvela Cveneburs skolebSi, Savi zRvidgan dawyebuli daRistnis sazRvramde, ixmareboda mxolod wignebi, saerTo literaturuls dedaenazed dawerilni. gansamartavad adgilobriv gaugebar sityvebisa da frazebisa, maswavleblebi xmarobdnen sityvierad adgilobrivs terminebsa da frazebsa, magaliTad, samegreloSi da svaneTSi, da swavlasTan erTad avrcelebdnen dedaenis sruls codnasa. (...) arsad, arc somexTa Soris, arc TaTarTa Soris da arc sxva kavkasielebSi ar aRmoCenila imisTana Wkuamokle da ukuRmarTi adamiani, romelsac eTqvas, skolebSi swavleba saTemo kilokavebze unda iyos da ara dedaenazeo. CvenSi ki gamoCndnen imisTana WkuiT glaxakni, romelTac gahbedes da warmosTqves, rom samegrelosa da svaneTis skolebidgan dedaena unda iqmnas gamoricxuli, radgan aq xalxi adgilobriv kilokavebsa xmarobso~.

masalebi momzadebulia m saqarTvelos sapatriarqosTan arseq p q buli qarTuli enisa da kulturis kvlevis samecniero sabWos mier m (pasuxismgebeli piri, profesori p m nomadi barTaia) m

janaSvili: kavkasiur enaTa ojaxSi calke jgufad gamoiyofa samxreT-kavkasiuri anu iberiuli ena (erkerti, 1895, gv.386387). iberiuli enis arsebobis adreuli saxeobaa Zveli qarTuli, romlis ganStoebaa svanuri metyveleba. imave Zveli qarTulis gagrZelebaa axali qarTuli, romlis ganStoebaa megruli, megrulis ganayari ki lazuria (erkerti, 1895, gv.287). akaki wereTeli, statia `ubralo saubari~ (1898 w): `Tu ara mzakvareba da ugunureba, goniereba da simarTle imas ver ityvis, rom megrelebi qarTvelebi ar iyos da megruli ZiriTadi qarTuli!..~ `Tu imas vityviT, rom imaT (megrelebs T.g.) SinaurobaSi (gansakuTrebiT dabali wodebis xalxs) megrul kiloze laparaki ufro exerxebaTo, amiTi ra daSavdeba? samwerlo da sadarbaislo qarTuli imaT Cvenze naklebi ar ician?! ...igive megruli dRes salaroa namdvil qarTuli sityvebis~. iakob gogebaSvili: a) statia `nacionaluri erTianoba qarTvelebisa~ (1894 w.): `qarTvelebSi vxedavT Tu ara ... erTianobasa? oRondac hyavT qarTvelebs, imerebs da amerebs, erTi mamamTavari qarTlosi, erTis tomisani arian, erTs enaze ubnoben, erTi literatura dahbades...~

b) statia `dabali Robe erTa Soris~ (1894 w. werili exeba megrulisa da svanurisaTvis damwerlobis Seqmnis morig mcdelobas): `sad Tqmula da gagonila, rom dabalma moxeleebma ers mohglijon RviZli nawili, mTeli mxare, gahyaron Sexorcebulni erTad RvTisa da bunebis nebiT, gaswyviton aTasis wlis Zmuri kavSiri, oriv mxris Sesasusteblad da Casaylapavad, da ubrZanon mTels mxaresa, karga bloms nawils qveynisasa: aRar gaixseno Seni naTesauri damokidebuleba da Zmuri urTierToba dedaqveyanasTana, ilaparake mxolod Sens Sinaurs kilozed, zurgi Seaqcie Sens mTavars dedaenasa, da daiviwye igi, gadaagde iqiT mSobliuri anbani, Seni monawileobiT mogonili, uarhyav samSoblo literatura, romlis salaroSi arc erTs Zmazed Sen naklebi ar Segitania, gaauqme Seni saRmrTo metyveleba, romelTanac Sexorcebulia Seni sarwmunoeba, daiviwye Seni aTasis wlis istoriuli arseboba da gadaiqec velur xalxad, romelmac yvelaferi Tavidgan unda daiwyoso~. g) statia `boroti wadili samegrelos Sesaxeb~ (1902 w.): `cnobilia, rom yovels ers aqvs mTavari ena, romelic saerTo saunjes Seadgens am eris yvela nawilisaTvis da iwodeba miss dedaenad, da Temiuri kilokavebi (íàðå÷èÿ), romelnic ixmarebian adgilo-

sapatriarqos

eo.t,fyb

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

25

warsulis furclebi

petriwoni aTonis

grigol bakurianisZe. bakurianebi X-XI saukuneebSi taos erisTavTerisTavebad gvevlinebian. cnobebi am didebuli qarTuli gvaris calkeul warmomadgenelTa Sesaxeb sakmaodaa Semonaxuli ana komnenosis `aleqsiadas~

_

`saxe

da

iverTa

savanisa

xati ~

mecenatobiT. X saukunis bolos da XI saukunis I meoTxedis taos erisTavT-erisTavs bakurians ori vaJi hyavda: grigoli da abazi. isini taoSi gaizardnen. adreul asakSi Cadgnen bizantiis imperiis samxedro

petriwonis monasteri

da somexi mematianis maTeos murhaecis cnobebSi. bakurianTa samflobelo imier tao, daviT III kurapalatis gardacvalebis Semdeg bizantiis imperiis politikur sazRvrebSi moeqca. bakurianTa gvari mudam gamoirCeoda qarTuli kulturis didi

samsaxurSi da praqtikulad, im epoqis yvela mniSvnelovani brZolisa da politikuri movlenis uSualo monawileni aRmoCndnen. grigol bakurianisZe gaxda bizantiis imperiis dasavleTis didi domestikosi (mxedarTmTavari) da mieniWa

sevastosis pativi. sxvadasxva dros moRvaweobda somxeTSi, iberiasa (taoSi) da siriaSi. iyo karis (yarsis) da Teodisiopolis (karnuqalaqis) gamgebeli. abaz bakurianisZem ki magistroba miiRo. aqedan gamomdinare, bakurianisZeTa xSiri moxsenieba bizantiur saimperatoro qrisobulebSi* Cveulebriv movlenas warmoadgens. anna komnenosi gvauwyebs, rom 1081 wels bizantiis saimperatoro taxtze aleqsi komnenosi, swored grigol bakurianisZis uSualo mxardaWeriT asula. am droidan ufrosi bakurianisZe xdeba bizantiis erT-erTi gavleniani da uwarCinebulesi figura. mas gadaeca samflobeloebi saqarTveloSi, somxeTSi, siriaSi, egeosis zRvaze da bulgareTSi. aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom es samflobeloebi grigolma sabolood petriwonis monasters Seswira. daviT aRmaSeneblis istorikosi mogviTxrobs: `warvida mefe giorgi mamulsa Tvissa taos da movida banas - xolo mun movida winaSe maTsa borvari aRmosavleTisa grigol

gagrZeleba 26-e gv. e

* qrisobuli - samefo wyalobis sigeli.

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paWanikebs ebrZodnen. petriwonis monastris qvemo sarTulis kedelze, monastris saZvaleSi, romelic erTaderTi SemorCenili nagebobaa mTeli kompleqsidan, gamosaxulia grigol da abaz bakurianisZeTa freskuli portretebi. maT naRvaws, maT saxeebs da qarTul warwerebs saukuneTa manZilze uvlidnen da esaTuTebodnen qarTveli da bulgareli moRvaweni, raTa monastris mitacebis mizniT, maTi xelyofa ar ecadaT berZnebs! petriwonis skola petriwonis savaneSi Camoyalibda saxelganTqmuli literaturuli skola, gamokveTili saazrovno interesebiT da enobrivi stiliT, romelic `petriwonuli stilis~ saxeliTaa cnobili. petriwonis qarTul savaneSi gansakuTrebuli interesi mJRavndeboda qarTuli mwerlobis metafrasuli ganaxlebisadmi. SemorCenilia ioane qsifilinosis qarTulenovani metafrasuli krebuli. mokled Tu vityviT, XI saukunis petriwonis qarTuli samonastro kompleqsi da literaturuli skola, erTis mxriv, gamgrZelebelia qarTuli sazRvargareTuli centris aTonis savanis saqmianobisa da meores mxriv, safuZvels uyris gelaTis skolas!

gagrZeleba 27-e gv. e

damoukidebloba. monasteri mxolod da mxolod bakurianisZe, romelsa hqonqarTvelTaTvis iyo gankuTvnili. des olTisni da karnuqalaqi bakurianisZem kargad icoda da kari da didad ganixarnes aTonisa da siria-palestinis da ganisvenes da mosca giorqarTuli savaneebis gi mefesa karis cixe-qalaqi q garTulebuli mdgomareoba da misi mimdgomi qveyana da berZenTa gamo, amitom monasganiyarnes~. tris wesdebis safuZvelze, am droisaTvis bizantiis imTaviTve akrZala petriwonSi imperiis did domestikossa berZenTa daSveba! monastris daarsebis dRidan iq moRvaweobda ormocdaaTi qarTveli mwignobari, mowveulni saqarTvelodan. am brwyinvale krebuls amSvenebs ioane petriwi, romlis samwerlo-mecnieruli moRvaweobis umniSvnelovanesi wlebi swored petriwonis monasters ukavSirdeba. petriwonSi daarsda seminaria da udidesi wignTsacavi. monastris wesdeba, romelic Cven zemoT petriwonis monasteris saZvalis qarTuli vaxseneT, Tavad grigol freska. XII s. k bakurianisZis mieraa Sedgenili qarTul da da sevastoss gadawyvetili berZnul enebze (berZnulad hqonda petriwonSi qarTuli bizantiur samyaroSi wesdesamonastro kompleqsis aSeneba. bis iuridiuli moxmarebisTvis). petriwoni mdebareobs wesdeba, igive `tipikoni~, Sua bulgareTSi, dRevandel sofel saukuneebis umniSvnelovanesi baCkovosTan (`petriwoni~ Zeglia, romelic Seicavs bulgarulad `petriCi~). uaRresad sayuradRebo cnobebs 1083 wels bakurianisZem saqarTvelosa da bizantiis monastris mSenebloba daasistoriidan. rula... da daarsda petriana komnenosis cnobiT, woni `saxed da xatad~ aTonis grigol bakurianisZe brZolis iverTa savanisa, romelmac velze gardaicvala 1086 wels, imTaviTve miiRo absoluturi rodesac bizantielebi

sapatriarqos

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dasawyisi 26-e gv. e

#10, 16-22 marti, 2006 w

27

niSnavda rwmenisa da codnis harmonias. petriwonis saliteraturo skolam Seqmna Taviseburi enebrivi stili, erTgvarad grecizmebiT datvirTuli. marTalia, am skolis warmomadgenelTa ena ramdenadme xelovnuri da Znelad gasagebia, magram amgvari enobrivi tradiciebi mkvidrdeboda garkveuli azrovnebiTi interesebiT. petriwonelTa enobriv stils gansazRvravda filosofiuri mizandasaxulebani. Tavis mxriv, petriwma mravali siaxle SesZina qarTul enas, qarTul filosofiur terminologias. aRsaniSnavia, rom petriwiseuli bevri filosofiuri termini sabolood damkvidrda qarTul enaSi. Tavis droze ki, es iyo siaxleebi, romlebic qarTuli enis salaros gamdidrebis saSualebas aZlevda!

mako jibRaSvili S

petriwonis monasteris saZvalis qarTuli freska. XII s. k

ioane petriwi Sua saukuneebis qarTuli filosofiuri azrovnebis udidesi warmomadgenelia. Tavdapirveli ganaTleba man taoklarjeTis qarTul centrebSi miiRo, swavla ki ganasrula konstantinepolis akademiaSi (akademia daaarsa konstantine monomaxma). 1083 wels, roca petriwonis qarTulma monasterma funqcionireba daiwyo, ioane petriwi erTerTi im ormocdaaTTagani iyo, romelic grigol bakurianisZis surviliT Seudga axladaSenebul savaneSi moRvaweobas. petriws gansakuTrebuli urTierTobebi gaaCnda bizantiis kulturul wreebTan. gelaTis monastris gaxsnisTanave, uSualod daviT aRmaSeneblis surviliT, ioane petriwi gelaTis akademiis winamdgomi xdeba! igi mefis didi xelSewyobiT muSaobda, `daviTis gamgoneobisa da wyalobaTa da Tanadgomisa mindobili~. rogorc mematiane mogviTxrobs, gelaTis saganmanaTleblo centri Seiqmna `sxvad aTinad da meored ierusalimad~, rac

wminda grigol palama

xseneba 19/6 marts

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fotomatiane

ruisis feriscvalebis saxelobis sakaTedro taZari

XIX s-is 90-iani i i wlebis foto

Tu Tqvens saojaxo arqivSi moipoveba sasuliero pirTa da saqar Tvelos eklesiamonasterTa fotoebi, gTxovT, da gvikavSirdeT, raTa erToblivi ZalisxmeviT daviwyebisgan vixsnaT isini.

Cveni telefonebia: 98 95 41; 72 13 50; 8(99) 54 82 29; 8(93) 19 36 04.

rubrikas uZRvebian luarsab b b togoniZe da giorgi maCuriSvili

usmineT sapatriarqos radio `iverias~ - FM 105,4

mkiTxvelebs vTxovT cocxlebisaTvis locvebSi moixsenion zurabi da konstantine

gamovida sabavSvo gazeT

`aliluia~ -s s

axali, 5(60) nomeri.

gazeT `sapatriarqos uwyebanis~ wina nomrebi SegiZliaT, SeiZinoT qaSueTis taZris ezoSi mdebare saeklesio maRaziaSi

garekanis pirvel gverdze: Tbilisis yovladwmida samebis sapatriarqo taZris barZimi

gTxovT, gazeTs gaufrTxildeT masSi dabeWdili masalebis gamo

`sapatriarqos uwyebanis~ veb.gverdi: http: //www. patriarchate.ge misamarTi: erekle II moedani #1 saqarTvelos sapatriarqos prescentri tel/faqsi: 98-95-41. 9 4

redaqtori: zurab cxovrebaZe, saredaqcio kolegia: mTavarepiskoposi dimitri (SiolaSvili), dekanozi daviT SaraSeniZe, luarsab togoniZe, nana bokuCava, mariam gagua, nino gagoSaSvili, TAmar asaTiani, naTia TaraSvili, xaTuna raqviaSvili, damkabadonebeli: kaxaber maisuraZe, operatori: zoia kobaxiZe.

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