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Geography Worksheets 1: Geographical Skills

Using scale

Here is a simple map. It shows an island. West sea East sea

N

The island

·

Weston

·

Easton

Scale

0

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Kilometres

A simple scale has been printed underneath. This kind of scale is called a line scale. Sometimes it is called a linear scale. The line is 10 cm long. Each centimetre represents 1 kilometre. The whole line represents 10 km. See how the island is exactly the same width as the line scale. This shows us that the island is really 10 km across. There are two dots on the map. These represent towns on the island. Measure between the two dots with a ruler. They are 7 cm apart. Now use your ruler to measure 7 cm along the line scale. Start measuring at `0' on the scale. This will show you that the towns really are 7 km apart on the map.

Question

How far is it across the island at its narrowest point? Write your answer in km.

______________________________________________________________________________________

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Geography Worksheets 1: Geographical Skills

Activities

Look at this sketch map carefully. Then answer the questions at the bottom of the page.

School

Ma in S

Park

tree

Village Hall Library Post Box

How Oliver gets from home to school

t

Church

Oliver's house

's Clo se

Green Road

Shop Church Farm Pond Road The pond Church Road Windmill The Green

Bishop

Wood Road

Jo's house

1 2 3

Which road does Oliver live in? _______________________________________________ Which road is the school in?

__________________________________________________

Which other road does Oliver walk along?

_________________________________________________________________________________

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Oliver passes the following landmarks on his way to school. Which order does he see them in? The church The library The pond The park The postbox

_________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________

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Find Jo's house. Which landmark will Jo walk past that Oliver will not walk past? ____________________________________________________________________________

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Geography Worksheets 1: Geographical Skills

Showing height on maps

We measure the height of land above sea level. Some symbols have been designed to show the height of the land. Here are three of them:

Contours

These are lines drawn on a map which join places which are the same height. They are often drawn every 10 metres and have numbers to show how high the land is.

30 m 20 m 10 m

Imagine we drew lines around a hill showing the land that was 10 metres, 20 metres and 30 metres high. If we looked down on the hill we would see this pattern. This is the contour pattern for this hill.

30 20 10

Spot heights

These are small dots. They are often found next to roads on some maps. Next to the dot is a number. This shows the height of the land at that place. The road is 62 metres above sea level at this place.

ro ad

Key Over 30 m 21 ­ 30 m 11 ­ 20 m 0 ­ 10 m

·

62

Shading

Different colours or patterns can be used to show the height of land. Here is an example.

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Geography Worksheets 1: Geographical Skills

Why does it rain? Condensation

We can see water all around us. We see it in puddles, in rivers and when we turn on a tap. We can also see water when it is solid. We call it ice. Did you know that water can be a gas? It is invisible. We call it water vapour. Water vapour is found in the air. If air is cooled, some of the water vapour turns into tiny droplets of water. You can prove this by breathing on a window on a cold day. The window "steams up" as the water vapour condenses and the droplets are formed. When water vapour in the air condenses, it forms clouds.

Rain

If a lot of water vapour condenses, then it may rain. It often rains in hilly areas. The air is carried up and over the hill. The air gets colder as it rises The air is colder and water vapour and this causes rain "Rain shadow" condenses into condensation. Clouds cloud The air goes down are formed and it rains. It doesn't rain as much on the other side of the hill. This area is called the rain shadow.

The air blows up the hill

the other side. It is warmer and drier.

Activity

Draw a line of squares, one for each day of the month. Write the date in each box. Tick the box if it rains on that day. Make a cross if it rains for most of the day. At the end of the month, count how many days have no rain, how many have some rain and how many have a lot of rain.

September

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! !

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