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Course Design Guide

CUR/578 Version 4 Evaluation and Assessment of Curriculum

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Course Design Guide CUR/578 Version 4

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Course Description

This course is designed to provide students with the evaluation techniques necessary to analyze curriculum, educational resources, and instructional strategies. Students will apply procedures for evaluating and recommending strategies for improving the quality and effectiveness of curriculum and assessment as they relate to instruction.

Course Topics & Objectives

Week One: Review of the Curriculum Design Process · · · · · Review definitions of curriculum. Determine the factors that impact curriculum. Determine issues related to the curriculum planning process. Analyze the relationship between curriculum and instruction. Discover opportunities for professional growth.

Week Two: Overview of Curriculum Evaluation · · · Determine the evaluation elements of the curriculum. Analyze curriculum evaluation techniques. Examine factors related to evaluation of curriculum.

Week Three: Overview of Curriculum Assessment · · · Describe the historical perspective of assessment. Examine issues related to assessment. Analyze the components of effective curriculum.

Week Three: Evaluation of Instruction · · · Compare and contrast instructional and curriculum evaluation. Analyze strategies for evaluation of instruction. Examine the differences between curriculum evaluation and assessment.

Week Four: Role of Assessment in Teaching and Learning · · · Examine classroom-based assessments. Compare and contrast formative and summative assessments. Examine traditional assessments.

Week Five: Classroom-Based Assessments · · · · Examine authentic assessments. Recognize effective grading practices. Illustrate the effects of motivation on assessment. Analyze performance-based assessment techniques.

Week Six: Standardized Testing · · Compare and contrast norm-referenced and criterion-referenced standardized assessments. Recognize ways to use standardized test scores effectively.

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Course Materials

Hlebowitsh, P. (2005). Designing the school curriculum. Boston: Pearson. Taylor, C., & Nolen, S. (2005). Classroom assessment: Supporting teachers and learning in real classrooms. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. All electronic materials are available on your student Web site.

Recommended Weekly Point Values

Week One No assignments due. Week Two Individual Assignment: Curriculum and Instruction Relationship Paper Learning Team Assignment: Curriculum Specialist Job Description Matrix and Presentation Week Three Individual Assignment: Personal Beliefs on Assessment Paper Learning Team Assignment: Curriculum Development Interview and Paper Week Four Individual Assignment: Theory and Practice Paper Week Five Individual Assignment: Classroom Assessment Week Six Learning Team Assignment: Curriculum Evaluation Guide and Presentation All Weeks Participation & Discussion Questions Assignment Totals Individual Learning Team Point Total 0 10 10 10 15 20 10

15 10 60 40 100

Course Design Guide CUR/578 Version 4

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Week One

Review of the Curriculum Design Process · · · · · Review definitions of curriculum. Determine the factors that impact curriculum. Determine issues related to the curriculum planning process. Analyze the relationship between curriculum and instruction. Discover opportunities for professional growth.

Course Assignments

1. Readings · · Read Ch. 1 & 2 of Designing the School Curriculum. Read the Electronic Reserve Readings for this week.

2. Discussion Questions · · · · · What is your district's policies regarding curriculum development? What are some issues you have experienced in planning curriculum? What is an example of macro and micro curriculum as it applies to your workplace? How are the appropriate people at your school knowledgeable about curriculum evaluation and assessment? How do they disseminate that knowledge to staff? Does it make any difference which definition of curriculum you adopt? Defend your answer.

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Week Two

Overview of Curriculum Evaluation · · · Determine the evaluation elements of the curriculum. Analyze curriculum evaluation techniques. Examine factors related to evaluation of curriculum.

Course Assignments

1. Readings · · Read Ch. 5 & 7 of Designing the School Curriculum. Read the Electronic Reserve Readings for this week.

2. Individual Assignment: Curriculum and Instruction Relationship Paper · Write a 350- to 700-word paper in which you create and describe your own theory of the relationship between curriculum and instruction.

3. Learning Team Instructions · Arrange to interview one teacher, one student, one parent, and one administrator to determine the rationale for curriculum development for the Curriculum Development Interview and Paper. There are a total of four interviews. Use the following questions for the interviews: o o o o What educational goals must the school seek to incorporate in its curriculum? What educational experiences may be provided that are likely to attain these curricular goals? How may these educational experiences be organized effectively? How may you determine whether these curricular goals are achieved?

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4. Learning Team Assignment: Curriculum Specialist Job Description Matrix and Presentation There are many job opportunities for students with a master's degree in curriculum and instruction; the following assignment explores the diverse field of curriculum. · Locate and research, individually, several job descriptions for a curriculum evaluator or for other forms of a curriculum specialist. Possible sites to locate job descriptions include interviews from school district personnel, school district Web sites, career Web sites, and corporate Web sites. Bring to the meeting one description from the private sector and one from the public sector such as corporations, publishing companies, school districts, or universities. Discuss each team member's research findings. Select four to six job descriptions to illustrate the diverse field of curriculum from both the public and private sector. Using the University of Phoenix Material: Job Description Matrix, fill in the appropriate categories.

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Course Design Guide CUR/578 Version 4 · Prepare a 10-minute Microsoft PowerPoint presentation with approximately six to eight slides based on the matrix. Include introduction and conclusion slides in your presentation. The presentation needs to demonstrate a variety of possible career paths in curriculum.

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5. Discussion Questions · · · · Which five types of curriculum is the most important to evaluate? Why? How may you effectively measure the transferability of curriculum? How might a curriculum developer begin to understand the horizontal articulation issues involved in meeting key skills in the curriculum? What are the difficulties in designing and operating an integrated curriculum?

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Week Three

Overview of Curriculum Assessment · · · Describe the historical perspective of assessment. Examine issues related to assessment. Analyze the components of effective curriculum.

Evaluation of Instruction · · · Compare and contrast instructional and curriculum evaluation. Analyze strategies for evaluation of instruction. Examine the differences between curriculum evaluation and assessment.

Course Assignments

1. Readings · · · Read Ch. 1 & 6 of Classroom Assessment. Read Ch. 6 of Designing the School Curriculum. Read the Electronic Reserve Readings for this week.

2. Individual Assignment: Personal Beliefs on Assessment Paper · · Write a 700-word paper on your personal beliefs and experiences regarding curriculum assessments used in the classroom. Include at least a paragraph on each of the following: o o o o o Describe one positive personal experience related to assessment. Describe one negative personal experience related to assessment. Based on your educational experiences, what are the purposes of assessment? Based on your educational experiences, what is the value of assessment? What is your opinion about assessments administered in schools today?

3. Learning Team Assignment: Curriculum Development Interview and Paper · · · · Based on each interview, categorize the type or types of curriculum discovered. Refer to the University of Phoenix Material: What Curriculum Do We Want To Evaluate? Summarize the interviews in a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper. Attach the interview questions and notes to the paper.

4. Discussion Questions · · · · If you evaluate instruction, is there a need to evaluate curriculum? Explain. Which do you believe is most effective in promoting student achievement: individualization, competition, or cooperation? What are some experiences you have had that display a mismatch of ethics in instruction, assessment, or the school and workplace environment? What effect does good curriculum have on good instruction?

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Week Four

Role of Assessment in Teaching and Learning · · · Examine classroom-based assessments. Compare and contrast formative and summative assessments. Examine traditional assessments.

Course Assignments

1. Readings · · Read Ch. 2 & 7 of Classroom Assessment. Read the Electronic Reserve Readings for this week.

2. Individual Assignment: Theory and Practice Paper · Reflect on current curriculum assessment practices in your district, school, and classroom. o o o What does current research suggest is the most effective method to assess student learning? Is that method reflected in current assessment practices in your district, school, and classroom? What recommendations do you make regarding assessment in your district, school, or classroom?

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Share your ideas in a 1,050- to 1,700-word paper.

3. Discussion Questions · · · · Provide one example of a formative and one example of a summative assessment. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using the different objective test formats? What are some ways to increase both reliability and validity of a classroom assessment? What are some ways that teachers may involve students in the creation of objectives tests to use in the classroom?

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Week Five

Classroom-Based Assessments · · · · Examine authentic assessments. Recognize effective grading practices. Illustrate the effects of motivation on assessment. Analyze performance-based assessment techniques.

Course Assignments

1. Readings · · Read Ch. 8­10 of Classroom Assessment. Read the Electronic Reserve Readings for this week.

2. Individual Assignment: Classroom Assessment · · Use the strategies in Ch. 7 of Classroom Assessment and the University of Phoenix Material: Tips for Designing Teacher-Made Tests. Design an original classroom assessment for a lesson or activity. The test must at least be 10 questions in length and vary in format three times. Format options include: multiple choice, short answer, matching, true or false, and completion items.

3. Learning Team Instructions · Review Chapter 7 in Designing the School Curriculum prior to the Learning Team Meeting in Week Six. Choose a curriculum unit for the grade or subject that you teach. The unit may be commercially produced or teacher-created. Bring the unit, its related textbooks, and materials to the Learning Team Meeting.

4. Discussion Questions · · · · What are the strengths and limitations of performance-based assessment? What are some examples of effective and ineffective feedback? How do you intrinsically motivate students to care about assessment? When is it appropriate to use an authentic versus traditional assessment? Explain your answer.

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Week Six

Week Six: Standardized Testing · · Compare and contrast norm-referenced and criterion-referenced standardized assessments. Recognize ways to use standardized test scores effectively.

Course Assignments

1. Readings · · Read Ch. 12 of Classroom Assessment. Read the Electronic Reserve Readings for this week.

2. Learning Team Assignment: Curriculum Evaluation Guide and Presentation According to Hlebowitsh, "Our abilities to pass thoughtful judgments, to draw reasonable conclusions, to establish a sense of what is worthwhile, and to understand what needs to be changed are all rooted in the act of evaluation" (2005, p. 181). · · · · · Review the curriculum units brought by each team member. Choose one unit for a comprehensive evaluation to be done by the team. Evaluate the overall effectiveness of a unit. Choose a comprehensive unit of curriculum for the grade or subject that you teach. The unit may be commercially produced or teacher-created. Complete the University of Phoenix Material: Curriculum Evaluation Guide based on this unit. Summarize your findings from the evaluation guide in 13- to 15-slides. Each topic discussed in the guide represents one slide synthesizing the content. Do not cut and paste the questions from the evaluation form into the slides.

3. Discussion Questions · · · · · · What other critical issues are there related to standardized testing? How do those issues affect students, learning, and the field of education? In which situations is either a norm-referenced or criterion-referenced test the most appropriate? How do you use the results of a norm-referenced test to increase the effectiveness of your instruction? How may you use the results of standardized tests to improve instruction? What are some appropriate and inappropriate test-preparation practices for classroom and standardized assessments?

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