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1

(1)

CO

- 1 CO

CO 0.387kgCO2/kWh () 6.01kgCO2/Nm3 LP 1Nm3 5.29kg

() LP (13A) A 860 kcal/kWh (2,105kcal/kWh) 24,000 kcal/Nm3 22,200 kcal/Nm3 10,900 kcal/Nm3 9,800 kcal/Nm3 8,266 kcal/L 7,815kcal/L 8,767 kcal/L 8,329kcal/L 9,126 kcal/L 8,670kcal/L 9,341 kcal/L 8,874kcal/L 6,355 kcal/kg 6,037kcal/kg 3.6MJ/kWh (8.81MJ/kWh) 100.5MJ/Nm3 93.0 MJ/Nm3 45.6MJ/Nm3 41.7MJ/Nm3 34.6 MJ/L 32.9MJ/L 36.7 MJ/L 34.9MJ/L 38.2 MJ/L 36.3MJ/L 39.1 MJ/L 37.1MJ/L 26.6 MJ/kg 25.3MJ/kg

2.08kgCO2/Nm3

1Nm3 2.60kg 1L 1.98kg A 1L 1kg 1.44kg 2.11kg

2.32kg CO2/L

2.49kg CO2/L

2.62kg CO2/L

2.71kg CO2/L

2.41kg CO2/kg

1,670kcal/kg

7.0 MJ/kg

0 kg CO2/kg

WB50%

(H20 )

WB30% WB13 18%

2,700kcal/kg

11.3 MJ/kg

0 kg CO2/kg

3,560kcal/kg

14.9 MJ/kg

0 kg CO2/kg

4,200kcal/kg 1,670kcal/kg

0 kg CO2/kg

17.6MJ/kg

0 kg CO2/kg

7.0 MJ/kg

0 kg CO2/kg

11kcal=4.18605kJ=1.163Wh kWh3.6MJ=860kcal 2LP m32kg 3( 19 11 )

-1

4CO2 3 18 3 5 CO2 HP 2007 6 1kg 4,200kcal/kg(17.6MJ/kg) 7 1) 19.0 (MJ/kg) . (2002) 4-2 () 2)WB 50 (MJ/kg) 19.0×(10.50) 2.44×(8.94×0.05930.50) 9.5 2.44×1.03 6.99 7.0 7.0MJ/kg Hh0MJ/kg=33.8c+144.3ho/7.94+9.42s HhMJ/kg = Hh01-W HlMJ/kg = Hh-2.448.94h+w=33.8c+122.5h-18.2o-2.44w c:() h: o: s: W: 9 (MJ/kg) 19.0×(10.30) 2.44×(8.94×0.05930.30) 13.3 2.44×0.83 11.27 11.3 11.3MJ/kg 10 (MJ/kg) 19.0×(10.13) 2.44×(8.94×0.05930.13) 16.53 2.44×0.66 14.92 14.9 14.9MJ/kg

-2

(2)

cal 1cal 1g 1kcal Mcal Gcal J 1J 0.2389cal4.186J=1cal 1kJ=239cal W 1 1W 1 1J 1kW1,000W1MW106W1GW109W Wh 1Wh 1W 1 1W 1 1kWh1,000Wh1MWh106Wh1GWh109Wh t-CO2CO2

- 2 MJ=106J kWh kcal kl 0.0258×10-3 0.0930×10-3 1.08×10-7 1

1MJ=239kcal239×103cal

1GJ=239Mcal239×106cal= 0.239Gcal

1 3.60 0.0419 3.87×104

0.278 1 0.00116 1.08×104

9,250kcal/L

238.9 860 1 9.25×106

- 3 109 106 103 10-3 10-6

m

giga mega kilo milli micro

kcal=1,000cal1Mcal=1,000kcal1Gcal=1,000Mcal=1,000,000kcal

-3

(3)

DB WB DB X%kg kg

X% DB kg× 100 kg

WB X%kg kg

X% WB kg× 100 kg

100 150

50

50÷100 50%DB 50÷150 33.3%WB

- 4

-4

(4)

- 5 1m3

1.0m3 WB50 1,670kcal/kg 7.0 MJ/kg 4.5 /kg () 3.5 /kg 2.0 10 /kg 1 4 /kg 1t 1t 1t 1.43m3 1t 3.57m3 1t 1.43m3 0.57t 35 /kg 1t 2.5m3

( )

WB50 0.7t 0.7t / m3 0.51.0t 1.0m3 2.5 m3 WB50 0.7t 0.28t / m3

WB50

2.5 1,670kcal/kg 7.0 MJ/kg 1.0m3 0.62 m3 0.40t 0.65t/ 1m3 1m3 0.65t WB10

( )

4,200kcal/kg 17.6MJ/kg

-5

2

22 1

·

(

(

Geographic Information System

1/2

1/2

1/24/10

1/24/10

1/21/3

-6

·

1/2

·

1/2 H21 NPO 600 NPO 1/2 NEDO 1/3 1/3

1/3 1/2 1/3

NEDO NEDO

NEDO

METI

-7

·

100% 2/3

22 67 252 19 1 NPO

3000/1 5000/1 H22.1

CO2

19902020 25%

CO2

CNG CO2

-8

3

61310

( )

COP3 6

CO2 -9

CO2

%DB WB 2

199712 3COP3 20082012 19905%6%7%EU8% 19984

-10

28 6 1 9 30

1990 100% 2001

7

IEA : International Energy Agency

-11

1 1974 OECD 30 OECD 26 2007 5 OECD 1 90

3.0m 4t 2.02.5m 2t

()

-12

1997 2002 2

1990 1 1.77 0.9 ( )

1816 R. Stirling

1 Davos

-13

tC-

CO2

5 () 1990 1995 1987 CFC-11 CFC-12CFC-113CFC-114CFC-115 5 1992 15

-14

NEDO

CO2

BDF

biomass 1

1 6 2010 300 -15

2009 9 4 1. 2. 3. 4.

The Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas

14 C.J. 3 1 EU

-16

(Feed-in Tariff)

()

200 610mm 5 25mm ()

100

-17

500kW

material

LPG 6

6 21

15% -18

1

1

BDF Bio Diesel Fuel

BDF

BTL Biomass To Liquids

FT FT

CCS CO2 Carbon Capture and Storage

CO2 CO2 CO2 -19

CDM

Clean Development Mechanism

CO2

CO2

CO2

COP Conference of Parties

15 COP COP1 1995 3 COP2 1996 7 COP3 1997 12 COP4 1998 11 COP5 1999 10 COP6 2000 11 COP6 2 2001 7 COP7 2001 10 COP8 2002 10 COP9 2003 12 COP10 2004 12 COP11 2005 11 COP12 2006 11 COP13 2007 12 COP14 2008 12 COP15 2009 12

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Chance

1988

LPG LPLiquid Petroleum Gas

-20

NEDO

NEDO

New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization

1980 1988 2003

NEF

New Energy Foundation

1980

NOx

SOx

UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

1992 UNCED 1994 191 19 8

-21

4

50kW 4,000kW 3,500kW 80% 800

1 kW mm mm mm

C-1 50 1,200 2,050 1,000 1,000

C-2 100 1,300 2,170 1,250

C-3 150 80 1,500 2,355 1,500 1,250

C-4 300 1,700 2,530 2,000 1,500

C-5 600 2,300 2,670 3,000

OFF

1.

-22

KT-OR KT-S 38WB RDF 24

KT-OR KT-S () KT-OR 1 KT-OR30 KT-OR50 KT-OR100 kW 348 581 1,162 75 mm 1,900 2,000 2,,200 mm 1,700 1,900 2,100 mm 1,000 1,200 m KT-S KT-S 202 KT-S 30 KT-S 40 kg-h 200 300 400 75 mm 1,700 1,800 2,000 mm 1,895 2,120 2,420 mm 1,000 1,200 1,310 m

1. KT-OR10200 OR-300 2 .KT-S-20

-23

2005 200kW 100WB ()

() 1

1.

kW mm mm mm m m2

WB100 100

WB200 200

80 900 1,450 2,325 2,600 1,600 2,060 900 1,250 8.6 19.0 OFF

-24

, NOx CONOx

(

1 2

kW mm mm mm m

UTSR UTSR UTSR UTSR -300 -360 -450 -550 300 360 450 550 80 1,390 1,700 2,200 2,500 2,700 3,030 3,750 2,550 2,600 2,900 2,530 2,550 2,750 2,950 3,450 950 1,150 1,250 1,440 4.20 4.05 4.05 4.10 4.10 4.38 ×5.28 ×5.78 ×5.98 ×6.44 ×6.52 ×7.52 ×3.45 ×3.65 ×3.65 ×3.75 ×3.75 ×4.34 OFF

2.

UTSR -100 100

UTSR -180 180

UTSR -240 240

1.550kW

-25

2,200 200kW20,000kW 150% 20 C-N 95120440

kW

mm mm mm m m2

250 4,000 3,400 2,500 1,250 24.0

500 87.2 5,000 4,150 2,980 1,400 44.0

1,500 6,800 5,450 4,270 2,000 128.0

OFF

-26

KOB WB35-40 60 10mmW×60mmL×5mmt 90 CO NOX 2004 5 2

1 ××

kW mm mm mm m m2

PYROT 100 80-100

PYROT PYROT 220 300 180-220 250-300 8589 2,200 2,300 2,630 2,800 1,765 2,013 2,194 2,444 2,794 1,050 1,330 4.0×4.0 4.5×4.5 ×3.0 ×3.5 8.3 10.8 16.0 20.7

PYROT 150 120-150

PYROT 400 340-400

PYROT 540 460-540

3,300 3,630 2,270 2,340 2,850 3,080 1,590 5.0×5.0 ×4.0 28.8 39.4

1.

-27

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