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MMPI-2 ADULT INTERPRETIVE SYSTEM

developed by Roger L. Greene, PhD and PAR Staff

Client Information

Name : ID : Age : Gender : Marital Status : Ethnicity : Birth Date : Education : Admin. Date : Sample Client 123-45-6789 34 Female Married White 10/22/1964 16 8 /9 /2000

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The interpretive information contained in this report should be viewed as only one source of hypotheses about the individual being evaluated. No decisions should be based solely on the information contained in this report. This material should be integrated with all other sources of information in reaching professional decisions about this individual. This report is confidential and intended for use by qualified professionals only. It should not be released to the individual being evaluated.

Copyright (c) 1990, 1997, 1998 by Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc. All rights are reserved. MMPI-2 is a registered trademark of the University of Minnesota

PROFILE MATCHES AND SCORES FOR STANDARD VALIDITY AND CLINICAL SCALES Best Three Matches with Client's Profile:

Discriminant Function ____________________ Codetype Score Prob ________ _______ ____ 2-8/8-2 152.309 .375 Spike 2 152.302 .372 2-7/7-2 151.509 .169 Cohen's Index _____________________ Codetype rc %ile _________ _____ ____ Spike 8-(1) 0.767 83% Spike 8 0.720 67% Spike 8-(7) 0.703 59% Deviation Squared _____________________ Codetype D2 %ile _________ _____ ____ 2-8/8-2-(0) 2083 33% 5-8/8-5 2358 22% 2-6/6-2-(0) 1995 20%

Best Fit Client's Prototype Scale Profile Profile Codetype: 2-8/8-2 2-8/8-2-(0) rc: 0.679 0.637 D2: 3387 2083 L 70+ 52 F 6575 K 66++ 37 1 Hs 55 60 2D 80 77 3 Hy 4457 4 Pd 5062 5 Mf 50 50 6 Pa 58 56 7 Pt 62 66 8 Sc 70 75 9 Ma 53 51 0 Si 51-71 _____________________________________________ Mean Clinical Elevation: 60 61 Scatter: 10 11 Client Age: 34 34 Men (Percent): 50% Women (Percent): X 50% _____________________________________________

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CONFIGURAL VALIDITY SCALES INTERPRETATION

There is no interpretation available for this configuration of the L, F, and K scales. The validity of this administration of the MMPI-2 will need to be ascertained by reviewing these three scales individually as well as other measures of consistency and accuracy of item endorsement.

CONFIGURAL CLINICAL SCALES INTERPRETATION

Codetype: 2-8/8-2-(0) CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Moods She is experiencing moderate emotional distress that is characterized by chronic brooding, dysphoria, and anhedonia. She is fearful and easily frightened. She frequently regrets the things that she has done, and she is generally displeased with her life. She cannot understand why she is so impatient and grouchy with others. She becomes particularly angry when others interrupt her work. Cognitions She has difficulty with concentration and forgetfulness. She lacks self-confidence and finds it hard to be assertive because she is so reserved. She avoids crises and difficulties and is easily defeated in an argument. She gives up quickly when things go wrong, when others criticize her, or when she thinks that she is unable to do something. She is concerned that she may be "losing her mind" and that there is something wrong with her mind. She sees others as being interested only in themselves and unlikely to be of assistance to her. She also is suspicious of their motives if they do offer to help her. An undercurrent of cynicism permeates her interactions. Interpersonal Relations She is very shy, bashful, and withdrawn. She avoids interactions with others, and she dislikes having people around her. She finds it hard to talk when she meets new people. She feels lonely even when she is with people. She is very sensitive to the reactions of others and is easily embarrassed in social situations. She finds it difficult to confide in others about herself, and she becomes nervous when people ask her personal questions. She believes that no one seems to understand her. Her early family life was conflictual and unsatisfying, and she very much wanted to leave home. Other Problem Areas She believes that she is in good physical health and does not report sleep difficulties. She is not likely to abuse substances or to get into trouble because of her behavior. She may have suicidal ideation that should be evaluated carefully.

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TREATMENT: Her prognosis is fair. She is very accustomed to her characterologic problems, and she is reluctant to think of making changes in her life. Her difficulty in self-disclosing complicates the development of a therapeutic alliance. Social skills and assertiveness training are frequently beneficial. She responds well to structured treatment approaches that prescribe what she should do. Cognitive-behavioral approaches that focus on her depressive cognitions will also be beneficial. Group psychotherapy will be helpful in providing a social perspective for her problems and in dealing directly with her avoidant behaviors. POSSIBLE DIAGNOSES: Axis I - R/O Mood Disorders 300.4 Dysthymic Disorder 311 Depressive Disorder NOS R/O Adjustment Disorders 309.0 Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood 309.28 Adjustment Disorder with Mixed Anxiety and Depressed Mood R/O Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders 295.70 Schizoaffective Disorder, Depressive Type Axis II - R/O Personality Disorders 301.22 Schizotypal Personality Disorder 301.82 Avoidant Personality Disorder 301.83 Borderline Personality Disorder 301.9 Personality Disorder NOS

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VALIDITY AND CLINICAL SCALES VALIDITY SCALES

L T = 70

She may be either a normal individual who is very self-controlled, rigid, and lacking in insight; a person who uses excessive repression and denial; or a naive and unsophisticated individual who is attempting to create a very favorable impression of herself. Psychiatric patients who score in this range and have all clinical scales below a T score of 65 may exhibit a psychotic disorder. F T = 65

She is likely to be described as moody, changeable, dissatisfied, opinionated, restless, unstable, and self-critical. K T = 66

She tends to be defensive and unwilling to acknowledge psychological problems and distress. She is prone to minimize and disregard problems with herself. Self-insight and self-understanding are usually lacking. She is very concerned about how she is perceived by others and typically views emotional problems as weaknesses.

CLINICAL SCALES

1 Hs = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. 2 D = 80 She feels depressed, unhappy, sad, and pessimistic about the future. She often feels guilty and is self-critical. Suicidal ideation and potential should be evaluated carefully, as well as her responses to items 150, 303, 506, 520, and 524. She often feels inadequate, helpless, and lacking in self-confidence. Social withdrawal, poor concentration, appetite and sleep disturbances, and low frustration tolerance are possible. Increasingly higher scores are usually associated with an increase in the number and severity of depressive symptoms. 3 Hy = 44 She is described as caustic, cynical, sarcastic, and socially isolated. She is constricted, socially conforming, and fixed on a narrow range of interests. She may believe that others are too optimistic. She has few coping skills for dealing with psychological stressors. 4 Pd = 50 This score is considered to be within normal limits.

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5 Mf = 50 She has traditional feminine interests and activities. 6 Pa = 58 She tends to be sensitive to the opinions of others. She may be overly sensitive to criticism and overly responsive to the reactions of others toward her. 7 Pt = 62 She is generally punctual in fulfilling obligations and may worry if unable to do so. She usually prefers to get things done ahead of time, and she tends to be conscientious. She usually does not see herself as anxious. 8 Sc = 70 She is experiencing alienation, social withdrawal, difficulty in meeting responsibilities, and a general dissatisfaction with her circumstances. These symptoms may reflect an acute and/or mild stressor or an adjustment to more chronic stressors. 9 Ma = 53 Scores in this range are considered to be within normal limits. Adolescents and college students tend to score in the upper end of this range (T scores of 54-57). Persons older than 55 years who score in the upper end of this range are likely to be overly energetic and active. 0 Si = 51 This score is considered to be within normal limits.

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ADDITIONAL SCALES TEST-TAKING SCALES/INDICES

Fb = 65 She is likely to be described as moody, changeable, dissatisfied, opinionated, restless, unstable, and self-critical. VRIN = 65 She may have responded to the items in an inconsistent manner. The clinician is advised to evaluate other measures of validity such as F and FB to evaluate how she endorsed the items. TRIN = 55 She responded in a consistent manner to test items.

SUPPLEMENTARY SCALES

Anxiety (A) = 65 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Repression (R) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Ego Strength (Es) = 67 This score is considered to be within normal limits. MacAndrew Alcoholism-Revised (MAC-R) = 74 She is likely to abuse alcohol and other substances. Behaviorally, she is extroverted, exhibitionistic, and impulsive. She has a tendency to seek out excitement and take risks. Overcontrolled Hostility (O-H) = 53 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Dominance (Do) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Social Responsibility (Re) = 68

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This score is considered to be within normal limits. College Maladjustment (Mt) = 78 She is anxious, distressed, and generally maladjusted. Because of her emotional discomfort, she is often motivated to begin psychological treatment. High scores are frequently seen in persons who overreport psychopathology. Gender Role-Masculine (GM) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Gender Role-Feminine (GF) = 80 She reports a large number of typically feminine behaviors and activities. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder-Keane (PK) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder-Schlenger (PS) = 66 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Shyness/Self-Consciousness (Si1) = 44 She is comfortable interacting with others. Social Avoidance (Si2) = 77 She displays introverted behaviors such as disliking and avoiding group activities. Alienation-Self and Others (Si3) = 44 She has confidence in herself and her activities.

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CONTENT SCALES

Since the content of the items on these scales is face-valid, it is important that scales or indices of overreporting and underreporting of psychopathology be evaluated carefully when interpreting these scales. Also, the deviant response for most of these items is true, so any patient who tends to respond "true" to items regardless of their content will elevate these scales. There are no data at this time for interpretation of low scores on these scales other than the absence of the qualities seen in high scores. Anxiety (ANX) = 60 There is no interpretation of low scores on this scale. Fears (FRS) = 55 There is no interpretation of low scores on this scale. Obsessiveness (OBS) = 45 There is no interpretation of low scores on this scale. Depression (DEP) = 70 She is depressed and sees life as hopeless. She is likely to brood and cry easily. The possibility of suicide should be evaluated carefully, particularly if she has responded "true" to any of the items 150, 303, 506, 520, or 524. Health Concerns (HEA) = 65 She reports a variety of specific and vague physical symptoms that are unlikely to be seen in actual physical illness. These physical symptoms involve a number of bodily systems and functions. She worries excessively about her health. Bizarre Mentation (BIZ) = 44 There is no interpretation of low scores on this scale. Anger (ANG) = 57 There is no interpretation of low scores on this scale. Cynicism (CYN) = 66 She is extremely cynical. She believes that most people will lie, cheat, and steal, and that the only reason some people do not engage in these behaviors is their fear of being caught.

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Antisocial Practices (ASP) = 55 There is no interpretation of low scores on this scale. Type A (TPA) = 75 She reports a constellation of behaviors seen in individuals with Type A behaviors. She is impatient, moody, grouchy, and irritable. She works under a great deal of stress and tension. Low Self-Esteem (LSE) = 55 There is no interpretation of low scores on this scale. Social Discomfort (SOD) = 66 She chooses to isolate herself and to avoid interactions with others. She is extremely shy and uncomfortable in social situations. Her social discomfort reflects more than simple introversion. Family Problems (FAM) = 55 There is no interpretation of low scores on this scale. Work Interference (WRK) = 77 She is reporting a number of behaviors that should have a negative impact on her ability to work. She is indecisive, moody, and grouchy. She has difficulty concentrating. Less than onehalf of the items actually ask about behaviors seen in the work situation; instead, the behaviors displayed would be expected to have a detrimental effect on her ability to work. Negative Treatment Indicators (TRT) = 44 There is no interpretation of low scores on this scale.

HARRIS-LINGOES SUBSCALES

Subjective Depression (D1) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Psychomotor Retardation (D2) = 66 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Physical Malfunctioning (D3) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits.

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Mental Dullness (D4) = 66 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Brooding (D5) = 44 She is happy and self-confident, is not excessively sensitive to criticism, and feels that life is worthwhile. Denial of Social Anxiety (Hy1) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Need for Affection (Hy2) = 66 She has strong needs for attention and affection. She is optimistic and trusting in relationships but is reluctant to express feelings honestly and openly for fear of alienating others. She tries to avoid unpleasant confrontations whenever possible. She denies that she has a critical or resentful attitude toward others. Lassitude-Malaise (Hy3) = 43 She is happy, satisfied, comfortable, and in good health. Somatic Complaints (Hy4) = 57 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Inhibition of Aggression (Hy5) = 67 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Familial Discord (Pd1) = 53 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Authority Problems (Pd2) = 52 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Social Imperturbability (Pd3) = 56 She denies social anxiety and dependency needs. She defends her opinions vigorously, and at times she seems exhibitionistic.

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Social Alienation (Pd4) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Self-Alienation (Pd5) = 67 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Persecutory Ideas (Pa1) = 63 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Poignancy (Pa2) = 70 She presents herself as sensitive and high-strung. She considers herself special and different from other people, and believes that she experiences feelings more intensely than other people. She also often feels lonely and misunderstood, and she may seek out excitement or risk when bored. Naivete (Pa3) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Social Alienation (Sc1) = 44 She views interpersonal relationships as rewarding, and she perceives her family in positive ways. Emotional Alienation (Sc2) = 57 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Lack of Ego Mastery, Cognitive (Sc3) = 66 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Lack of Ego Mastery, Conative (Sc4) = 44 She does not report depression or worry. She finds her everyday life interesting, and she seems to have the energy to cope with everyday problems. Lack of Ego Mastery, Defective Inhibition (Sc5) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Bizarre Sensory Experiences (Sc6) = 66 This score is considered to be within normal limits.

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Amorality (Ma1) = 48 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Psychomotor Acceleration (Ma2) = 67 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Imperturbability (Ma3) = 59 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Ego Inflation (Ma4) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits.

WIENER-HARMON SUBTLE-OBVIOUS SUBSCALES

Depression, Obvious (D-O) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Depression, Subtle (D-S) = 44 She does not report symptoms more subtly reflective of depression. Hysteria, Obvious (Hy-O) = 66 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Hysteria, Subtle (Hy-S) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Psychopathic Deviate, Obvious (Pd-O) = 77 She reports the more obvious symptoms related to difficulties with authority figures, family problems, dissatisfaction with life, and general social maladjustment. Psychopathic Deviate, Subtle (Pd-S) = 55 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Paranoia, Obvious (Pa-O) = 44 She does not report the more obvious symptoms related to paranoia such as ideas of reference, feelings of persecution, grandiose self-concepts, and suspiciousness.

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Paranoia, Subtle (Pa-S) = 65 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Hypomania, Obvious (Ma-O) = 53 This score is considered to be within normal limits. Hypomania, Subtle (Ma-S) = 49 This score is considered to be within normal limits.

+++ END OF REPORT +++

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