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Center for Puppetry Arts Study Guide

A Note from the Education Department

Adapted and Directed by Bobby Box

Dear Educator, Welcome to the Center for Puppetry Arts and our production of Rumpelstiltskin, adapted and directed by Bobby Box. Founded in 1978, the Center is a cherished cultural and educational resource in Atlanta. We value your patronage and are delighted that you have chosen us as a teaching resource. Your students are in for a big treat! This study guide was designed to enhance student learning before and after your visit to the Center for Puppetry Arts. Rumpelstiltskin is a retelling of the classic Grimm fairy tale brought to life using marionettes, or string puppets. This spectacular show is the perfect accompaniment to a thematic unit on folklore, fairy tales, fantasy or children's literature. All three areas of programming at the Center for Puppetry Arts (performance, puppet-making workshops and museum) meet Georgia Quality Core Curriculum Standards (GA QCCS). To access the GA QCC Standards that have been correlated to each programming area according to grade level, click the links below: Rumpelstiltskin, Pre-K & K Rumpelstiltskin, Grade 1 Rumpelstiltskin, Grade 2 Rumpelstiltskin, Grade 3 Rumpelstiltskin, Grade 4 Rumpelstiltskin, Grade 5 Rumpelstiltskin, Grade 6 To access a complete list of GA QCC Standards for all grades and subjects, please visit


February 10 - April 3, 2005

Show sponsored by:

2004-05 Family Series sponsored by:

Season sponsored by:

Education programs sponsored in part by:

Thank you for choosing the Center for Puppetry Arts for your study trip. We hope that your students' experience here will live on in their memories for many years to come. Sincerely,

Atlanta Foundation · Georgia Power Foundation, Inc. · The Imlay Foundation · The Rich Foundation, Inc. · SouthShare Foundation · St. Paul Travelers Foundation

Junior League of Atlanta · Pittulloch Foundation · Rock-Tenn Company

Alan Louis Director of Museum and Education Programs

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Selected Bibliography

· · · · · · · · · · · ·

Angliss, Sarah. The Elements: Gold. Benchmark Books, 2000. Ayer, Eleanor H. Exploring Cultures of the World: Germany. Benchmark Books, 1996. Gravett, Christopher. Eyewitness Books: Castle. Alfred A. Knopf, 1994. Moser, Barry. Tucker Pfeffercorn. Little, Brown & Co., 1994. Ness, Evaline. Tom Tit Tot. Charles Scribner's Sons, 1965. Philip, Neil. Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm. Viking Press, 1997. Platt, Richard. Smithsonian Visual Timeline of Inventions. Dorling Kindersley, 1994. Roessel, Monty. Songs from the Loom: A Navajo Girl Learns to Weave. Lerner Publications, 1995. Siegel, Beatrice. The Basket Maker and the Spinner. Walker and Company, 1987. Stanley, Diane. Rumpelstiltskin's Daughter. Morrow Junior Books, 1997. Zelinsky, Paul O. Rumpelstiltskin. E.P. Dutton Books, 1986. Zelinsky, Paul O. El Enano Saltarin (The Leaping Dwarf). Penguin Ediciones, 1996.

Recommended Web Sites Read the original text of Rumpelstilzchen in English and German from the Department of Foreign Languages at Virginia Commonwealth University. National Geographic salutes the Grimm Brothers. Look here for stories, facts and activities. Visit the Grimm Brothers Home Page. Everything you always wanted to know about your favorite fairy tales and more. The technology of the past is alive and spinning! Visit this site to see handcrafted historical reproductions of spinning wheels that really work. For more information on hand spinning, go to Learn about gold mining in the United States from the Gold Institute in Washington, DC. Experience life in a medieval castle. Also see photos of actual castles around the world that are currently for sale. Check out these incredibly realistic looking marionettes from an artist in Hamburg, Germany.

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One day while out selling flour in the streets, Kate, the Miller's daughter, happens to meet the Prince of the kingdom where she lives. Kate and the Prince really hit it off and spend the day together laughing, and in that fairy tale way, falling in love. When the Miller finds out, he is so happy that he begins singing his daughter's praises. He boasts that his daughter is so clever she can spin ordinary straw into gold. The Queen overhears this and demands that Kate demonstrate her magical spinning ability ­ or else. Locked in a room full of straw in the castle, Kate is about to give up hope when a mysterious little man appears. He promises to spin the straw into gold for her, but refuses to name an immediate price for his work. Desperate, Kate agrees to give him whatever he wants if he will spin the straw into gold. He completes the job and disappears. Everyone is very happy. The Prince becomes King and he and Kate are married. Soon Kate gives birth to a baby boy. The strange little man returns and demands that Kate give him the baby in exchange for his spinning. Horrified, she begs him to reconsider. The little man bargains that if Kate can guess his name in three days time, she can keep her baby. With the help of a little bird, Kate learns that the secret name is Rumpelstiltskin. When Kate guesses correctly, the little man is so furious that he stomps right through the ground and is never seen again.

About the Authors

The Grimm brothers, Jacob and Wilhelm, were born in Germany in the late 1700s. They were two of nine children. Jacob and Wilhelm loved collecting folk tales. They traveled throughout Germany recording the traditional stories told around the hearths of village cottages. The Grimm brothers felt that it was very important to write the stories down so they would not be forgotten. In fact, Jacob Grimm co-founded a society to preserve old European rhymes, superstitions, folk songs, fairy tales ­ and even traditional puppet theater! The story of Rumpelstilzchen, written in German, first appeared in 1812 in book titled Children's and Household Tales. It was later translated into English. The tale keeps alive a superstition that to know someone's name gives you power over that person. Guessing the secret name of a magical helper is a common theme in folklore around the world. Countries such as England, Sweden, Austria, Scotland and Italy also have stories in which a mysterious person, usually a troll or elf-like being, is both a helper and a threat. The troll is always defeated when the hero or heroine discovers his name. Name guessing stories can also be found in Israel, Nigeria and India. Thanks to the efforts of storytellers like the Grimm brothers, folk tales from our past stay alive from one generation to the next.

Style of Puppetry

The story of Rumpelstiltskin is performed with marionettes, or string puppets. The body of a marionette is like a jointed doll. A marionette is supported by strings of heavy black fishing line connected to different parts of the puppet's body. All strings lead up to an "airplane control," a wooden control mechanism that is reminiscent of a model airplane. Puppeteers manipulate the puppets from a bridge that is constructed above the stage. The puppeteers travel back and forth across the bridge throughout the course of the show. Because the strings of a marionette are often difficult to see from the audience, the puppets appear to come to life by themselves. This style of puppetry is considered among the most difficult to master. It takes years of practice to make the movements of the puppets smooth and lifelike. If you are a fan of marionettes, visit the National Marionette Theater online at And don't miss their masterful performance of Aladdin, August 2-21, 2005, at the Center for Puppetry Arts!

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Learning Activities

P-K & K: Comparing Two Name-Guessing Stories

GA QCC Standards covered: Grade K, Language Arts, Oral Communication (Listening/Speaking): 2, 8, 9; Written Communication (Reading): 25; (Writing): 34, (Literature): 38, 39, 40. Objective: Students will employ critical thinking skills to compare and contrast elements of two similar folk tales (or two versions of the same folk tale). Materials: Computer with Internet access, chart paper, colored markers. Procedure: 1. Teacher, use the Internet to research old folk tales in which a character has a secret name. (Try The Grimm Brother's Home Page. Under Folktales, Type 500: The Name of the Helper type0500.html or use the picture book Tom Tit Tot by Evaline Ness.) 2. Read the name-guessing story to your class. Compare and contrast this tale to Rumpelstiltskin. (Or, find a picture book version of Rumpelstiltskin and compare it to the marionette play. See Selected Bibliography.) 3. On chart paper, make a simple Venn diagram (see Fig. 1). Label one circle "Rumpelstiltskin" and the other circle with the story or version you are comparing. You may want to use 3 different colored markers when filling in your chart. 4. Ask students to recall details that are unique to each story and list them inside the corresponding circle. Then ask students to think of elements that are the same in both stories. List these details in the space where the circles overlap. 5. Display Venn diagram in classroom surrounded by student drawings depicting scenes from each of the two stories.

Assessment: Save student's drawings for Language Arts portfolios.

Figure 1. Venn Diagram

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1st & 2nd Grade: Make a Fairy Tale Marionette

GA QCC Standards covered: Grade 1, Fine Arts, Theater Arts (Artistic Skills and Knowledge: Creating, Performing, Producing): 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13; Language Arts, Oral Communication (Listening/Speaking): 2, 3, 7; Written Communication (Literature): 39, 43. Grade 2, Fine Arts, Theater Arts (Artistic Skills and Knowledge: Creating, Performing, Producing): 4, 7, 13; Language Arts, Oral Communication (Listening/Speaking): 2, 3, 7, 9; (Written Communication): 35. Objective: Students will create a marionette character from a classic folk tale and divide into groups to write and perform puppet plays. Materials: Saw, scissors, glue, cloth, socks, Poly-fil brand polyester fiber, paper clips, masking tape, wooden paint sticks, heavy upholstery thread or yarn, darning needles, construction paper or colored foam shapes, various decorations. Procedure: 1. Stuff a sock with Poly-fil (polyester fiber batting) and tie it with a piece of thread or yarn to form head and arms. Reinforce with glue. Tie the bottom of the sock tightly with yarn or upholstery thread as shown in Fig. 1A. 2. Fold a piece of fabric in half and cut it so it covers your puppet's body and arms. Cut a triangle from the top fold (for the neckline of costume) as shown in Fig. 1B. 3. Push your puppet's head through the neckline of the costume and glue (or sew) sides together leaving room for sleeves as in Fig. 2.

Figure 1A

Figure 1B

Figure 2 Continued on next page

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4. Get two flat paint sticks. Saw one in half. Glue half a stick across front of a whole stick as shown in Fig. 3A. Tape a paper clip to front end of whole paint stick. Bend and twist paper clip as shown in Fig. 3B. This is your marionette's control.

Figure 3B

Figure 3A

5. Attach head strings. Stitch a piece of string to each side of sock head and tie to control as shown in Fig. 4. Make strings as long or short as you like. Reinforce string on control with tape. 6. Attach hand strings. Stitch or tape heavy string to one end of the rope where a hand will be. Guide string through paper clip and down to the other end of the rope, making string long enough so that arms are completely relaxed (not floating in the air) when control is held parallel to the ground. Stitch tail string to the puppet's midsection and thread through costume up to back of control. Tie and secure with tape as in Fig. 4. 7. Cut two left and two right hands (front and back) from colored foam or construction paper. Glue fronts and backs of hands together around ends of rope as shown in Fig. 5. Decorate. Write a script and perform a play for your class.

Figure 4

Figure 5 Illustrations by Anthony Owsley

Assessment: Videotape student performances. Ask students to evaluate their performances.

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3rd & 4th Grade: Go (Online) for the Gold!

GA QCC Standards covered: Grade 3, Science, Inquiry (Reference Skills): 2; Social Studies, Core Social Studies Skills (Information Processing): 24, 25, 29. Grade 4, Science, Inquiry (Reference Skills): 2; Social Studies, Core Social Studies Skills (Information Processing): 29, 30, 32, 34. Objective: Students will visit a Web site, read the content and answer questions about gold. Materials: Computer with Internet access, pens, worksheet (on reverse side). Procedure: Have students visit the National Gold Institute's Web site ( Tell them to begin by clicking on "Facts About Gold" from the menu on the left-hand side of the page. Students should explore all of the links and then fill in the blanks on the worksheet. Teachers, be sure to get your free educational poster THE AMAZING STORY OF GOLD here: Answers: 1. 20%; 2. troy; 3. metal; 4. North Carolina; 5. 1980, $612.74 per troy oz. 6. oxygen; 7. Nevada; 8. excellent; 9. airbags; 10. 24. Assessment: Collect student worksheets and review for completeness and comprehension.

5th and 6th Grade: A New Spin on an Old Tale

GA QCC Standards covered: Grade 5, Language Arts, Oral Communication (Listening/Speaking): 2, Written Communication (Writing): 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48. Grade 6, Language Arts, Literature: 22, 23, 26, 28, 30; Writing: 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76 (if computers are used: 80). Objective: Students will identify elements in a classic Grimm Brother's fairy tale that they feel need changing, composing a new version that reflects their personal values. Materials: Rumpelstiltskin's Daughter by Diane Stanley, other Grimm Brothers' fairy tales in print or on the Web (, paper, pen or computers with word processing software. Procedure: 1. Read Rumpelstiltskin's Daughter by Diane Stanley. Be sure to share with your class the publisher's notes on the book's jacket. Why was the author always bothered by the original story of Rumpelstiltskin? What issues does she address when retelling the story? How does she use humor to make her points? How have perceptions of gender, equality and government changed in the 200 years since the Grimms recorded these tales? 2. Ask students to select a fairy tale to revise. Be sure they identify at least three issues from the original text that may conflict with contemporary beliefs. 3. Prewriting: On chart paper, brainstorm story ideas with your class. 4. Drafting: Have students use ideas generated in the brainstorming activity to compose a first draft of their story. 5. Revising: Have students revise their stories. Is there a clear beginning, middle and end? Does the story make sense? What could they add to make it better? 6. Editing: Have students edit their stories for correct spelling, capitalization and punctuation. 7. Publishing: Students can publish their stories by reading them aloud or in book form. If making a book, add illustrations. Assessment: Review students' work to see if objectives were met. Ask students to evaluate each other's writing. Keep writing samples for Language Arts portfolios.

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Third and Fourth Grade Learning Activity Worksheet

Name ___________________________________________________________

Date __________________________

Amazing Gold

Directions: Visit the National Gold Institute's Web site then answer the following questions. 1. Approximately what percent of the world's gold does North America produce? __________________________ 2. The weight of gold is expressed in ____________________ ounces.

3. Gold is a precious _______________________ .

4. The state of ____________________________ was the site of the first "gold rush" in the U.S.

5. In the year ______________, gold prices reached an all-time high in the U.S. Gold was selling for an average price of _____________________ U.S. dollars per troy ounce.

6. Gold never reacts with ___________________ , which means it will never rust, tarnish or corrode.

7. Which state produces more gold than any other state? ___________________________________

8. Is gold a good, excellent or poor conductor of electricity? _________________

9. Where can you find gold parts in an automobile? __________________________________________________

10. Karats describe the purity of gold in of parts of gold per _____________ .

1404 Spring Street, NW at 18th · Atlanta, Georgia USA 30309-2820 Ticket Sales: 404.873.3391 · Administrative: 404.873.3089 · · [email protected]

Headquarters of UNIMA-USA · Member of Atlanta Coalition of Performing Arts and Theatre Communications Group

Text by Alan Louis · Design by Donna Yocum · Copyright Center for Puppetry Arts Education Department, February 2005

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