Read kala e dodes - plan strategjik 2009-english.pmd text version

Strategic Development Plan of


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1. The Necessity and Importance of Preparing a Strategic Plan 2. Commune Profile 2.1. Geographical Position 2.2. History Overview 2.3. Population 2.4. Employment 2.5. Education 2.6. Health Care Service 2.7. Local economy 2.7.a. Natural resources 2.7.b. Agriculture 2.7.c. Animal Husbandry 2.8. Infrastructure and services Roads Electricity Drinking water supply Sewage system Post office Telecommunication 2.9. Local governance 3. Situation analysis 4. Vision and sector strategies 5. Project evaluation and Priorities 6. Implementation of the Plan



trategic Development Plan of Kalaja e Dodes Commune for 20092014 is the most important document in the field of the commune development and it is essential in preparing the Commune Development Action Plans. As such a document it identifies optimal strategic directions in quantity and quality within the framework of the commune development and it makes a segment of a wider economic space. The following documents were partially used during preparation process: Integrative Plan of the Regional Development of Dibra, prepared by the UNDP 2005, and the national strategy such as, Strategy of Rural Development, Strategy of Tourism Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy in the Republic of Albania. Strategic Plan of Kalaja e Dodes Commune contains the list of prior development goals based on key characteristics of the commune, its problems and forecasted future directions and tempo of transitional tendencies of the national perspective. Members of the Strategic Planning Groups have participated in designing the strategic plan. The Core Group has been comprised of the representatives of the institutions of Kalaja e Dodes Commune and the representatives of business organizations (private and social sectors) and representatives of NGOs and associations (civil society sector) within their competencies and by taking into consideration the methodological principles in designing the strategic plan. Drafting of the Strategic Plan was assisted by the expert team of the ALPIN (Center for Regional and economic Development) and funded by Diber Regional Council. This fund is provided by the Netherlands Embassy for Strengthening the Good Governance in Diber Region. After the public hearing, final version of the Strategic Plan has been submitted to the Commune Council for adoption and approval. Strategic Plan of the Local Development of Kalaja e Dodes commune will be implemented through the Action Plan. This means that annual programs prepared by the Mayor and approved by the Commune Council, will be according to the directions and tracks of the Strategic Plan which is open for new recommendations and additional measures for its implementation. KALAJA E DODES COMMUNE



2.1) GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION alaja e Dodes lies in North of Dibra district and consists of 7990 ha. It is mainly a mountainous terrain that starts at an altitude of 1100 m up to 3500 m above the sea level. On East it is bounded by Macedonia State Border, on South and South-West by Sllova commune and on West by Kalisi and Bushtrica of Kukes district. Kalaja e Dodes lies at the foot of the highest mountain in Albania that is Korabi Mountain 3751m high. It has a wonderful scenic landscape with forests, pastures, and some piece of agricultural land. This Commune consists of 8 villages with a population of 3550 inhabitants that is 825 families. The villages are Cerren which is the center of commune, Vaise, Shulla, Ploshtan, Kullas, Uje Mire, Tejez, and Radomire. Kalaja e Dodes is situated in the road that connects Peshkopia to Kukes, 35 km far form Peshkopia and 35 km far from Kukes. This is still a rural road but the project is completed and asphalting of the road has started in two main lots in distance of 30 km. Due to its cultural and geographical position it is a connection point between Dibra, Lume, Prizren, Tetove and Gostivar highlands. It is dominated by mountainous continental climate with a harsh and cold winter, with snowfalls during half of the year. The snowfalls may reach up to 2 metres and close the road up pretty often. Summer is cool and dry. Minimum temperatures drop to -15C during winter time and during summer time maximum temperatures reach up to +29C. HISTOR OVERVIEW ORY 2.2) HIST OR Y OVER VIEW alaja e Dodes has an ancient and glories history. The name Kala (Castle) stands for some reasons. First, its geographical position has the form of such where Korabi and other mountains look like walls and battlements of an authentic castle. Then, even its folks' way of living considering here their social and economic relations, their behavior, culture, rules and traditions make the living inside their "Castle" different from the inhabitants of other communes nearby with which they also have friendly, conjugal and economical relations. Coteries "Itifaqet" have been the way of governing and decision-making during the communist regime and they are still in many villages nowadays Kalaja inhabitants are known as migratory ones. That is because of keeping a large number of livestock Strategic Development Plan



and the climatic conditions that constrained them to move West of Albania or to low lands during winter, to Salonika Fields and to Egean in the remote past. They are called "migrants" as they always turn back home. People there are hard workers, loyal, brave and generous, features that they always keep with themselves wherever they go. The rebellions in 19131920 against the Serbians are a symbol of their bravery and resistance. Many of these people sacrificed their lives while protecting their lands from invasion. Kalaja e Dodes territory is very rich in the field of Ethno-culture. 1. Traditional wears are preserved and kept massively from men and women even nowadays, a distinguishing feature among other parts of Albania too. 2. Folk songs and dances that present all the aspect and motives of the lives of these people are living treasures to folklore. 3. The weddings ceremony with presence of the national flag hasn't been prohibited during communism regime and it still takes place nowadays. 4. The way of living at home, the welcoming to the guest, the respect showed to him, the way of cooking and carving of stone in construction of houses still continue to be traditional, kind and impressive. 3




alaja e Dodes has a population of 3550 inhabitants, concentrated in 8 villages of the commune. Demographic movements which are characteristic for Dibra region have been in large number in this commune. These movements have mainly had the tendency towards metropolis centers such as Tirana and Durres.

opulation deals mainly with farming, animal husbandry, collection of fragrant and medical herbs. Emigration is the largest basis of employment. Emigrants work mainly in construction, agriculture and in different services. There are 18 private businesses, primarily of services, marketing and of a dairy. Some villagers go to Peshkopia market once a week to sell their home made dairy production. A considerable number of people with high and university education are employed in the COMMUNITY CARACTERISTIC No VILLAGE No. of inhabitants No. of Families in o. of families commune's administration, in schools and health that gain years service centers. 330 out of 754 families are social treated with social support and about 105 assistance. Females Males Totally 2002 2007 families are in very difficult economic conditions. 1 Vasie 176 164 340 77 65 36 2 Shullan 128 134 262 70 60 31 3 Ploshtan 338 390 728 180 177 45 4 Cerren 278 270 548 131 119 59 5 Kullas 130 140 270 60 45 33 6 Ujemirë 147 167 314 82 74 31 7 Tejes 240 267 507 95 94 38 8 Radomirë 242 339 581 130 120 57 Commune 1679 1871 3550 825 754 330 AT E M I G R AT I O N



migration is a phenomenon for the entire commune. Most of the emigrants work in Italy and Greece, but there are emigrants in other European countries as well. A large number of emigrants are in United States of America, notably fugitive from communist regime before 1990. Emigrants are the main source of incoming for their families. Almost each family has at least 1-2 people in emigration.

No Sector Employment number 1 Businesses 18 private -6 shops, 3 marketing businesses lots, 6 Bars, 2 Dairies, 1 sawmill 2 In Education 40 3 In Health Service 10 4 In Electrical sector 3 5 In Commune administration 12 6 In Forestry sector 5 7 In Road maintaining enterprise 3 8 Posta 2 4 KALAJA E DODES COMMUNE

EDUCATION 2.5) EDUCATION n Kalaja e Dodes commune education is fulfilled by: Elementary education Secondary education The educational system here is behind. The system is devoid of pre-schooling and high school system. Because of this most of the children lacking the knowledge that was supposed to be taken in preschool system enter the elementary school without the proper grounding. The same happens to the high school system. The nearest school takes at least 2 hours to go to. For this reason, many teenagers are


EDUCATION 1 2 3 4 5


Nr of pupils

Kalaja e Dodes is very rich in natural resources. Korabi Elementary education Secondary education 557 35 43 16/1 13/1 243 16 Mountain, the highest mountain in High school education = Albania is a good possibility for TOTAL 557 35 43 16/1 13/1 243 16 developing tourism. Many constrained to attend high school in Peshkopia town adventurers and visitors frequent the mountain and or in other towns spending a lot of money for the its beautiful landscape around it, with forests, dormitory and the other services. But some families meadows, water sources and the lake. can not afford these and that's why they don't send Kalaja e Dodes consist of 935 ha protected forests their children to these schools. where you can find beech, black and white pine. These forests have not been damaged. They are HEALTH SERVICE 2.6) HEALTH CARE SER VICE fanatically preserved by the commune inhabitants. Medical herbs too, can be found in these forests. ealth Care Service Center is placed in the center 6267ha pasture is a huge resource for the of commune and operates for 8 hours. In this commune and for its inhabitants who are engaged in center there is 1 doctor and 8 midwife-nurses that animal husbandry. There are also 426 ha agricultural serve. The center is not supplied with auto ambulance land for different agricultural productions, and 351 ha for transportation of sick people. Pharmaceutics and refused land which is not planted. dental services are missing as well. Kalaja e Dodes is also very rich in water sources. Nr Villages Personnel Facilities We can mention here Preshi water source that Doctor Nurse supplies Peshkopia and some villages of certain 1 Vasie 1 communes with drinking water. Veleshica stream and some other streams are also useful water sources 2 Shullan 1 in irrigation, hydro electricity etc. 3 Ploshtan 1 There are even other sources in Kalaja e Dodes 4 Cerren 1 2 Health centre like the mineral ones such as; gypsum, copper, 5 Kullas 1 chippings for paving roads. Kalaja e Dodes fauna is very rich in different kinds 6 Ujëmirë 1 of living beings, animals and poultry. We can mention 7 Tejes 1 the wolf, bear, fox, hare, partridge, wood pigeon etc. 8 Radomirë 1 Commune 1 10


Nr of Nr of Ratio Ratio teachers classrooms teachers/ pupils/ pupils classrooms

Nr of female pupils

Nr of female teachers

2.7. A) Natural resources


2.7) LOCAL ECONOMY The local economy is mainly based on natural resources and their management in traditional way. Main branch of local economy is animal husbandry; Kalaja e Dodes inhabitants are popular for keeping and raising sheep mainly. This is related to the large surface of pasture in Korabi field. Strategic Development Plan 5

No 1 2 3 3 4 6 7

Source of sort Pastures Forests Land Preshi Spring water Gypsum Copper

Amount 6267 ha 935 ha 777 ha

Stream for hydro electrical plant

Exploited Partly Partly 426 ha Partly 8 watermill Searches

Study and research


351 ha Not in market

2 hydro electrical plants



2.7. b) Agriculture There have been big changes in agriculture during the transition period in Kalaja e Dodes just like all over the country. Agricultural cultivations traditionally planted are: corn, rye and bean and fruit trees mostly spread are: nut-tree, chestnut tree, plum, apple, hazelnut, pear and cherry-tree. There was done a serious harm to fruit trees in plantations during the transition period. They were mainly cut. Article 7051 was not applied to Kalaja e Dodes commune but every body has benefited his own old property.


Culture Unit Yield

2.7. c) Animal Husbandry The inhabitants of this commune are well known for farming. They usually keep small stock like sheep, cattle such as cows and horses used for transportation. The farmers also breed poultry and bees. This zone is mostly popular for breeding sheep and for producing milk productions and meat. Animal husbandry compared to agriculture may be considered as a sector that was developed with a rising rate. The number of animals has also been increasing if we refer to the table that makes the comparison between 2005 and 2003.


1 2 3 4 5

Bread grains - Corn - rye Oat Potatoes Vegetables Forage - old Lucerne - young Lucerne - green fodder - polifike

65 50 10 10 62 8 291 101 12 12 180

50 30 40 300 250 200 300 300 200 300 122

2500 300 400 18600 2000 58200 30300 2400 3600 21900

Terrain is mainly hilly and sloping. The incline goes to 1540%, making the watering and driving the agricultural means difficult to operate there. That is also a poor land, therefore a good part of that is not worked on and it has turned into meadows. The main yields are forage and corns used for animal food as well as bean and vegetables for their own needs. Its climate and its geographical position favor the growing of apple trees. The apple that is growing here has such a good flavor and it is free of diseases. 6


Village 1 Vasie 2 Shullan 3 Ploshtan 4 Cerren 5 Kullas 6 Ujemire 7 Tejez 8 Radomire Komuna

sheep One-hoofed 1500 50 1000 50 1300 150 4000 150 1500 50 3000 50 4500 150 3500 150 22 000 800

Cattle 200 200 400 400 200 200 350 350 2300

Poultry 400 400 650 600 350 450 500 650 4000

Bee 30 30 50 20 15 40 50 40 275



2.8) INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES nfrastructure and services are the weakest point of the commune. In the followings, there will be given their description, but we can say that the service offered to the community is totally missing or it's of a poor quality. This happens for certain reasons; 1st because the area is hinterland, there is not invested monetary found in this direction, good projects and suitable programs have missed, the terrain is very tough and villages are located far away from eachother. A bad quality serving is one of the principal reasons for the inhabitants to leave the commune. Other reasons are; lack of investments in this commune and lack of exploitation of natural resources, especially tourism possibilities. These are some of the considerations. No 1 The Service type Description

This commune has a 26 km road that connects villages to the main road which is not asphalted. The road Peshkopia-Kukes 8, 5 km is also not asphalted. There is not a specific water supply for all communes. Each village has its own line of water supply but not according to the proper technical conditions. Water is taken from the nearest sources with the inhabitants own contribute. There is a paucity of water and doesn't fulfill their needs. In fact, there are many water sources that can be exploited. Total missing. Septic holes are used. There is no exact system, it is covered by the mobile system GSM with two main mobile phone companies AMC and Vodafone The community has built cabins themselves in some villages. There is limitation in supplying with electric power, during night there is no power at all, during day they are supplied in reduced time.

Present state

- Bad, impassable during winter. - Bad, hardly passable during winter. - Bad

Road infrastructure


Water supply

3 4

Sewage system Telecommunication (communication system) Power Supply

- too bad - Normal


- Bad

GOVERN 2.9) LOCAL GO VERN ANCE Commune Structure Since 1991 when power separation started, Kalaja e Dodes is part of 1st level of local government as a commune. It has its own management, which is appointed by the Mayor who is chosen with direct voting process from population and decision-making body the Commune Council. The Commune Council is selected from name list of advisers according to the percentage of political forces that they represent and the percentage they have taken in voting process in local selection. Strategic Development Plan

In every village, there is also a head man who is selected from representatives of every section. During last years some organizations have been established. They deal with certain issues such as the forests issue, drinking water issue, irrigation issue etc. There are different committees that deal with specified issues such as conflict issues, property issues, faith etc. Commune has its own administration that consists of 11 employers, Mayor, Services Office, Finance Office, Agriculture Office, Duty-taxing Office, Social service Office, Archive - Management Office and Communal Police. Commune Council consists of 13 councilors (advisers). 7


A. TERRITOR ORY'S TERRIT OR Y'S POSITIVE CHARACTERISTICS. DV TA A DVA N TA G E S Natural Resources, wonderful mountain landscape, with Korabi highest mountain in Albania and its field, are good possibilities for mountain, ecological and cultural tourism development Considerable pasture of Korabi field and tradition in stock racing are good opportunities to augment milk and meat production, and incomes as well. The forests and medical herbs are sources of incomes for inhabitants. Aphsfalting the highway Peshkopi-Kukes will enable rapid movements toward urban centers such as Peshkopia, Kukes, Kosovo and Tirana. Preserving folk tradition in dressing, in mores and customs are patrician characteristics of inhabitants from this territory. The hard working nature and migration enable Kalaja inhabitants to create chances for increasing their incomes. They can take advantages of moving freely within the country and in Europe. Preshi water sources will start to bring incomes for the commune, because water supplies have been passed to local government. Investments have taken a start in industrial mineral water, natural water and beer as well. Veleshice water sources and other sources have increased investors' interest in investing in hydro-electrical plants. Recently, there are 2 demands for this commune. Continuation of tradition in animal husbandry and increasing of small stock, mainly sheep of a good race. Local population despite of their migration toward different countries and towns, they visit and invest in their homes and lands in Kalaja e Dodes. Considerable incomes that come from emigrants. Increasing of funds from central government for local governments and various programs and project that have in focus the development of mountain and rural territories Dutch Embassy program in collaboration with Dibra regional council where the commune can also benefit. Subsidy scheme from Ministry of Agriculture Geographical position favorable for cooperation with the other communes, other regions, Former Republic of Macedonia and Kosovo


TA D I S A D VA N TA G E S Poor quality servings in commune. Lack of developing and regulating projects and plans which are contemporaneous and feasible. Lack of investments. A bad demagogic image created from the old system as being a hinterland and undeveloped one. Bad road infrastructure Lack of electric power and drinking water Migration of the population from the commune toward other urban and metropolis places. Lack of sufficient human sources, especially of professional ones. Lack of developing plans for the zone and for its tourism. Sheep brucellosis disease makes it a difficult issue when it comes to selling meat and dairies. Lack of knowledge about markets and marketing of their products. A huge distance from marketing places. Bad quality of medical and education service. Global economic crises might hold back foreign investments. KALAJA E DODES COMMUNE



VISION: Kalaja e Dodes Commune in 2013 is going to be: An attractive tourist place at the foot of Korabi Mountain, where visitors from Albania, Balkan, and the other European countries will visit and rest in that attractive mountainous landscape. They can enjoy the traditional food and hospitality of Kalaja families. A good management of local government, and investing in asphalting the main roads, in water supply system, in sewage system, and in health care center, might enable a qualified service all the time for the community. An area where people are going to have benefits from animal farming and tourism, and they will feel proud about their own culture and tradition. SECTORS: KEY ISSUES AND SECT ORS: Economic development, focused in development of Tourism and animal husbandry. Improvement of infrastructure and essential public services for community. Social development including education, culture and health care service. Ensuring good local governance. OBJECTIVES: 1. Providing economical development by means of local tourism and animal husbandry development, 2. Improving the quality of Public services for Kalaja e Dodes community including water, roads, sewage systems etc. 3. Providing a satisfying social development, with better conditions for education, health service, culture etc. 4. Providing good local governance for community.

SECTOR STRATEGY 4. 1) Infrastructure and Public Services OBJECTIVE 1: Improvement and rehabilitation of Public services and road infrastructure for Kalaja e Dodes community in order to enable optimal conditions in tourism developing. Precaution: Preparation of technical projects according to required standards Rehabilitation and asphalting the highway Peshkopi-Kukes Improvement of the roads infrastructure that connect villages with national road Increasing and providing investments for drinking water Projects and investments to systematize sewages for some of the commune biggest villages. Improvement of provision with electric power to population, by investing in electric cabins, existing electric grid and other hydro sources. Increasing the funds for infrastructure maintenance.

Strategic Development Plan


OBJECTIVE 2: Increasing the incomes through effective management of natural resources. Actions: Transferring to the commune's property forests and pasture that are within commune territory. Supporting the Forests User Association for implementation of Forest management plan Encouraging the commune habitants to collect and accumulate other forest productions like medical herbs etc. Registering the real estate and properties that are trasferred to Commune property, and preparig the property management plan. Stimulating and creating favorable conditions for investors that will be investing in construction of small hydropower in commune.

4.2) Local Economical development: Economical development is considered on 3 main aspects: · Tourism development · Agriculture and animal farming development · Good management of natural resources OBJECTIVE 1: Increasing animal farming production, with 20% by 2014 in Kalaja e Dodes Actions: Increasing productivity of milk and meat from sheep, by improving the sheep's race. Increasing the number and matriculation of all sheep in commune. Offering necessary technical assistance in commune, in order to fight brucellosis disease and other diseases. Stimulation of farmers' specialization and institutional support from commune in order to benefit from subvention schemes and other projects provided from Agriculture Ministry and different donators. Stimulation of milk processing industry in commune and supporting them to sell in the market with their names. Increasing lobbyism and promotion in order to protect the local production.

OBJECTIVE 3: Intensification of institutional efforts for tourism development in Commune Actions Preparing the tourism development plan in Korabi Mountain. Increasing efforts for tourism promotion in Korab Increasing capacities and realization of Kalaja e Dodes inhabitants and businessmen that will be involved in Tourism. Inserting Tourism as a priority of demands and of work of commune administration and other supporting actress. Increasing collaboration with agencies and organizations that deal with development and tourism business. Creating and investing in pilot models in tourism development. Making rules and policies by decision- making institution for Tourism Development. KALAJA E DODES COMMUNE


HEALTH CARE SERVICE OBJECTIVE: Improvement of Health Service for Kala e Dodes community. Actions : Improve the infrastructure of health centres Increase the number of the qualified health personnel Improve the equipment and medicine supply Improve the hygiene in the community Improve the mother and child care services Build up health post in the villages where there isn't one yet Increase the cooperation with Health Care Public Departament.

4.3) Social Development EDUCATION OBJECTIVE: Increasing quality of education service for Kalaja e Dodes Community Actions : Increasing investments for education facilities such as buildings, equipment, labs, sport facilities etc. Increasing efforts for teachers qualifications Increasing funds, in order to stimulate and to support the excellent pupils and students with scholarships. Good collaboration with Education Departament for better implementation of education manners in commune. Encouragement of communication with community, to increase their contribution for education sector.

4.4) Good Local governance: OBJECTIVE 1: Increasing the quality of serving towards citizens with professional capabilities, managing effectively and transparently public funds. Actions: Establishment of suitable conditions with facilities and supplies for Commune staff. Increase the skills of the commune employers and decision-makers by trainings from Training Units in the Region Council and other NGO. Increased participation of community in decision-making Increase the collaboration with all actors in commune. Increase the inter commune cooperation. Increase the collaboration with structures of Dibra Regional Council.

Strategic Development Plan



he Working Groups that were set up during the strategic planning process, identified critical issues related to local development. Members of the Core Group have actively participated in the activities of the Working Groups and defined 28 projects, out of which 10 were selected as prior. The priority projects were selected based on seven criteria: 1. Impact on operational and strategic goal 2. Feasibility 3. Timeframe 4. Impact on investments, development and new jobs No

1 2 3 4


5. Participation of private sector 6. Competitiveness with other goals projects 7. Special significance of the project based on the assessment of Working Group For the criteria1- 6, the selection was made by scores in the scale 1-4. The Working Group introduced an additional criterion (1-3 points) for the project that would contribute the most to achieve goals for the concrete critical issue. List of Priorities:


Drinking water Cerren-Kroi ftohte Irrigation canal Sarakan-Ceren. Irrigation canal PugjacPloshtan Drinking water PloshtanLivadhi Melaxe Drinking water Kullas Drinking water Bejzhe-Sauke Kalis Drinking water DyprrejsPloshtan Road from Spitali-Ploshtan Road Vasie village to school


Service Agricultura Agricultura Service

Implementer and partner

Cost 10 000 000 14 000 000 10 000 000 10 000 000

Ranking 19 20 20 19

Commune with partner ADF Commune with partner WB Commune with partner WB Commune with partner ADF and RC Commune with partner ADF Commune with partner ADF Commune with partner WB Commune with partner WB Commune with partner ADF Commune with partner ADF Commune with partner ADF Commune with partner ADF Commune with partner CG Commune with partner CG and Education Department

5 6 7 8 9

Service Service Infastructure Infastructure Service

10 000 000 8 000 000 7 000 000 8 000 000 8 000 000 7 000 000 18 000 000 6 000 000 6 000 000 22 000 000

19 18 18 18 18 17 17 17 16 16

10 11 12

Drinking water Shulla Main Roads for whole villages, to national Road Reconstruction of the new offices. Health posts in villages :- Kullas - Vasie - Cerren Elementary schools in:- - KullasUjëmire, rikonstruksionRadomirë - Vasie

Infastructure Infastructure Governance








15 16 17


Sewage system in:- CerrenKullas - Tejez - Radomire Irrigation canal Bralice-Shulla Drinking water Livadhi Hoses Xharllak Drinking water for whole neibourhoods Tourism development plan


Service Agricultura Service

Implementer and partner

Cost 30 000 000 10 000 000 7 000 000 7 000 000

Ranking 16 15 15 14

Commune with partner ADF Commune with partner WB Commune with partner WB and donors Commune with partner ADF and donors Commune with partner SNV and donors Commune with partner SNV and donors Commune with partner SNV and donors Commune with partner SNV and donors Commune with partner SNV and donors Commune with partner SNV and donors Commune with Training Unit Business Business Business

Commune with partner WB and CG





500 000

13 13


Tuorism guide for Korabi


500 000


Feast of Korabi


500 000



Constructing 10 inns in Kalaja


10 000 000



Touristic centre in Korab


500 000



Ski centre in Korab


500 000 N/A N/A N/A N/A 5 000 000 247 000 000

12 11 11 11 11 10

25 26 27 28 29

Training the staff of the commune Building 2 HC Establishing 2 windmills for electrical power Open a centre for BIO production Etnographic museum in Kala Total

Governance Energytic Energytic Economy Culture

Strategic Development Plan




his plan is feasible because it is designed according to the demands of the community and smart objectives. The bases of the plan are the opinions of the potentional local actors. Good models also will be taken in consideration as well as the Millennium Development Goal, national strategy and Regional strategy. The plan has critical issues like: Solving the emergency problem, by increasing the investment and efforts in infastructure and basic services. Local economic development, by supporting the farmers in order to increase the BIO production and tourism development. Human resorce development, by increasing the efforts in improving the conditions in Education, Health, Governance in order to achive a good social development.

Projects: Through 29 projets in infastructure, education, health, economic development, Tourism, agriculture and through good governence, the vision and goals of the strategic plan will be achieved. Ten of these projects are the most prior ones, which will get iplemented during the first and second year by the commune. Funds: The total budget for implementing these projects is 247 000 000 leke. In order to implement the 10 prior projects, the necessary budget is about 92 000 000 leke. This budget will be by the local income, governmental grands, and different investment by the donors and cetral government. Implementing actors: the mayor of the commune with his staff and administration are the main responsible structure for implementation of the strategic plan. They will prepare the projects and will present the annual budget plan for approval to the commune council. After the approval of the annual plan they will follow up the implementation of the plan every year. They will menage their funds and look for other

additional funds from center governement, donors, grands etc. The commune council will be the decisionmaker, supporter and monitor of the iplementation of the strategic plan acording to the community demands and legal frame. Other actors (partners and donors): Center Government, with their ministries like Internal, Education, Health, Public Trasport and Telecommunication, Finance, Agriculture, Environmental and the Regional Department with their programs, investment and grands. Regional Council, will support with technical assistance, facilitator of the intercommunal cooperation, promoter of the crossborder cooperation and fund provider. Donors: ADF (Albanian Development Fund) the main focus is the investment in infrastructure, WB (World Bank) the investment in different programme for Agriculture, Forest, Natural Resources Management, Tourism etc., SNV provide technical assistance in forest, agriculture and tourism. WorldVision with the main investment in Education and Governance, EU (Europian Union) with their Embassies, programmes in different fields of the economy, environment, social aspect etc. They are the main donor that work in Diber region. Local actors: local NGO like, ALPIN in regional and rural development, Forest User Federation focuses in environmental field, Agritra-Vizion that work with rural women and rural development. They are the strongest organizations that contribute and support the commune to implement the strategic plan in professional ways. Farmer, local bussnesman will contribute as investors and benefitors of the strategic plan.




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