`Geo Tol ProA Practical Guide to Geometric TolerancingTable of ContentsandTraining Program OutlineUnit 1 : Introduction - Symbols and Terms Introduction to Geometric TolerancingASME Standards related to Product Definition and Metrology1.1 1.21.4ISO Standards related to Product Definition and Metrology Tolerances are like BacteriaCommon Symbols1.5 1.61.7Common Symbol Application Features of Size and Features without Size Geometric Tolerancing Characteristics Geometric Tolerance Zone Shapes Geometric Tolerancing Categories Feature Control Frame Symbols Associated with a Feature Control Frame Symbols Related to Datum Identification Index Plate - Practical ExampleIndex Plate - Matching a Perfect DRF to an Imperfect Part Index Plate - Practical Example in 3D1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.15 1.16 1.171.18Definitions Fundamental RulesMaterial Conditions - MMC and LMC1.19 1.20 1.211.22Workshop Exercise 1. 1 Workshop Exercise 1.2 Unit 2 : Limits of SizeFeature of Size Definition Limits of Size (Rule #1, Envelope Principle, Taylor Principle)1.23 1.25 2.12.2 2.3Limits of Size also Controls Form Limits of Size Definition per ASME Y14.5.1M-1994 Exceptions to Rule #1 Size Does Not Control Interrelationship Between FeaturesDirectly Toleranced Dimensions Are Not Clear for Locating SurfacesProfile Tolerance Is Used to Locate Surfaces Dimension Origin SymbolWorkshop Exercise 2.12.4 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.12 2.13 2.142.15System of Limits and FitsLimits and Fits TablesWorkshop Exercise 2.2 42.17 2.18 2.19Unit 3 - How the Geometric System Works Plus Minus Tolerancing to Locate Surfaces Is Not Clear Comparison - Position Tolerance vs. Plus/Minus Tolerance How the Geometric Tolerancing System Works Geometric Tolerancing Applied to the Hole Bar Selecting Size and Position Tolerances along with Feature Modifiers Effect of Regardless of Feature Size Effect of Maximum Material Condition ModifierEffect of Zero Tolerancing at MMC3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.9 3.103.11Effect of Least Material Condition Modifier Modifier Rules - Applicability of MMC, LMC, RFS, MMB, LMB, RMB Modifier Rules - Former Practices General Rules - Geo Tol Applied to Threads, Gears and Splines When to use MMC, LMC, RFS Modifiers - Guidelines MMC Modifier Application for ClearanceLMC Modifier Application for Location3.12 3.13 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.193.20RFS Application for Location Workshop Exercise 3.1 Workshop Exercise 3.2 Workshop Exercise 3.3 Unit 4 : Position VerificationIntroduction to Position Verification Position - Hole Verification at MMC Position - Hole Verification at LMC3.21 3.23 3.24 3.25 4.14.2 4.3 4.4Class Exercise - Position Verification, Inch Class Exercise - Position Verification, MetricPosition Conversion Table - Inch Position Conversion Table - Metric4.5 4.64.7 4.8Workshop Exercise 4.1 - MetricWorkshop Exercise- 4.2 - Metric4.94.10Workshop Exercise 4.3 - MetricWorkshop Exercise 4.4 - Metric4.114.12Workshop Exercise 4.5 - MetricWorkshop Exercise 4.6 - Inch4.134.14Workshop Exercise 4.7 - InchWorkshop Exercise 4.8 - Inch Workshop Exercise 4.9 - Inch4.154.16 4.17Paper Gage Concept Paper Gage Evaluation of 4.1 Paper Gage Cartesian and Polar CoordinateUnit 5 : Product Plans and Virtual Condition4.18 4.19 4.215.1Geometric Tolerancing Application - The Hub Three Plans for a Quality Product Sample Operation SheetSample Quality Dimensional Measurement Plan5.2 5.3 5.55.65Virtual Condition Virtual Condition - Multiple Feature Control FramesWorkshop Exercise 5.15.7 5.85.9Workshop Exercise 5.2/5.3 Unit 6 : The Datum Reference Frame Datum Reference Frame (DRF) and Degrees of Freedom (DOF) Datum Reference Frame Simulators Right Hand RulePositioning Parts in a Datum Reference Frame5.10 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.56.6Implied Datums are not Clear Datum Reference Frame Used in Engineering Datum Reference Frame Used in Manufacturing and Inspection Theoretical Datum Feature Simulators Datum Feature Simulator Requirements Physical Datum Feature Simulators Establishing Datums from Primary Planar Surfaces Planar Surfaces as Primary Datum Features Workshop Exercise 6.1 Establishing Datums from Primary Datum Features of Size at RMB Datum Feature Symbol Placement is ImportantPartial Datum Features and Multiple Datum Features6.8 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.216.22Workshop Exercise 6.2Degrees of Freedom - Primary Datum Feature at RMB6.236.24Degrees of Freedom Table - Primary Datum Feature at RMB Workshop Exercise 6.3 Establishing a DRF - Planar Surfaces Establishing a DRF - Plane, Axis, Plane Establishing a DRF - Axis, Plane, Center Plane Establishing a DRF - Plane, Plane, Axis Datum Feature Precedence and ModifiersConstrained Degrees of Freedom6.25 6.27 6.28 6.29 6.30 6.31 6.326.33Workshop Exercise 6.4 Unit 7: Datum Feature ModifiersDatum Feature Modifiers - MMB, LMB and RMB Development of a DRF at RMB Development of a DRF at MMB Comparison Between Datum Feature Modifiers RMB and MMB6.34 7.17.2 7.47.77.9Calculating Boundaries for Datum Features at MMBWorkshop Exercise 7.1 - Calculating Datum Feature Boundaries7.107.11Simultaneous Requirement Implied as Default Separate Requirement Must be SpecifiedSecondary Datum Feature at MMB - Paper Gage Tertiary Datum Feature at MMB - Paper Gage7.12 7.137.14 7.16Workshop Exercise 7.2 - Calculating Allowable Datum Feature Shift7.186Unit 8 : The Datum Reference Frame II - Targets and Irregular SurfacesInclined Datum Feature Contoured Datum Feature Datum Center planes8.18.2 8.4 8.5Datum Targets - DefinitionsDatum Targets - Turbine Blade8.68.8Datum Targets - Hood Panel Outer Datum Targets - Pillow Block Datum Targets - Casting to Machining Calculations Datum Targets - Movable Datum Target 1 Datum Targets - Movable Datum Target 2 Workshop Exercise 8.1 Workshop Exercise 8.2Unit 9 : The Datum Reference Frame III - Advanced Concepts8.10 8.12 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.199.1Two Holes as a Datum Feature Hole and Slot as Datum Features Pattern of Holes as a Datum Feature Paper Gage Evaluation Coaxial Holes as a Datum Feature Rotational Control - Opposed Surface Rotational Control - Opposed Contoured Surface Rotational Control - Unopposed Planar Surface Rotational Control - Unopposed Planar Surface at MMB and RMB Rotational Control - Unopposed Planar Surface at Basic Irregular Datum Feature / Workshop Exercise 9.1 Rotational Control - Slot at RMB with &amp; without Translation Modifier Translation Modifier Customized Datum Reference Frame - Introduction Customized Datum Reference Frame - Square Hole and SlotCustomized Datum Reference Frame - 4 Datum Feature References9.2 9.4 9.5 9.7 9.9 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 9.17 9.18 9.199.20Multiple Datum Reference FramesEstablishing a Relationship Between Two DRF Workshop Exercise 9.2 - Customized Datum Reference Frame9.219.22 9.24Unit 10 : Form Tolerances Overview Flatness Flatness Verification Flatness Design Considerations Flatness Per Unit Area Two Types of Straightness and Two Types of FlatnessDesign Considerations10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.710.8Straightness - Line Elements on a Flat Surface Straightness - Line Elements in Two Directions Straightness - Line Elements on a Pin Straightness of an Axis10.9 10.10 10.11 10.12 7Flatness of a Median Plane Circularity (Roundness) CylindricityMore on Circularity and CylindricityAverage Diameter Workshop Exercise 10.1 Unit 11 : Orientation Tolerances Overview Parallelism on a Surface Parallelism Application Angularity on a Surface Angularity Verification Perpendicularity on a Surface Perpendicularity with Two Datum Feature References Orientation of a Hole Orientation to a Pattern of Holes Perpendicularity Line Elements (2D)Parallelism Tangent Plane10.13 10.14 10.15 10.16 10.16 10.17Perpendicularity of Zero at MMC Workshop Exercise 11.1 Unit 12 : Profile Tolerances Overview Bilateral Unilateral Unilateral Unequal Unilateral Clarification Profile Per Unit Area Profile of a Line Cam Wheel Application Profile Inspection Reporting Fuel Line Bracket Assembly Fuel Line Bracket Fuel Line ClampWorkshop Exercise 12.1Hat Bracket Application Workshop Exercise 12.2 Profile to Sharp Corner ASME Profile to Sharp Corner ISO Profile Non-Uniform Composite Profile Composite Profile - One Datum Feature Composite Profile - Two Datum FeaturesComposite Profile - Irregular FeatureProfile - Coplanarity Profile - Multiple Controls 812.1 12.2 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7 12.8 12.9 12.10 12.11 12.12 12.12 12.13 12.14 12.15 12.17 12.18 12.19 12.20 12.21 12.22 12.23 12.24 12.26 12.27Radius, Controlled Radius, Profiled Radius Non-Rigid Parts - Restrained Condition Workshop Exercise 12.3 - Profile Stack Workshop Exercise 12.4 - Composite Profile Stack Unit 13 : Position Tolerances Overview Axis Versus Surface InterpretationPosition - Cylindrical Tolerance Zone Position - Rectangular Tolerance Zone12.28 12.29 12.32 12.33 13.1 13.2 13.313.4 13.6Position - Spherical Tolerance ZonePosition - Conical Tolerance Zone13.713.8Position Boundary Composite Tolerancing is Special Composite vs. Two Single Segments Composite Position - One Datum Feature Reference Composite Position - Two Datum Feature ReferencesPosition - Two Single Segments Composite Position - Paper Gage Verification13.9 13.11 13.12 13.14 13.1613.18 13.20Composite Position Application - Coaxial Holes on a Hinge Continuous FeatureDatum Features Referenced Individually13.22 13.2413.25Three Single Segments - Rotational Control Workshop Exercise 13.1 Unit 14 : Coaxial Tolerances Multiple Datum Features A-B Coaxial Tolerances - Overview Runout Tolerances Overview Circular Runout Total Runout Runout Applied to Flat Surfaces Application Position Coaxial Features Application Profile Coaxial Features Application Coaxial Tolerances ReviewConcentricity and Symmetry Tolerances13.26 13.27 14.1 14.2 14.4 14.5 14.5 14.6 14.7 14.8 14.9 14.10 14.11 14.12 14.13 14.14 14.15 14.15 14.16 14.17 14.18 14.19 14.20Overview Concentricity Concentricity VerificationSymmetry Position Instead of Symmetry Workshop Exercise 14.19Unit 15 : Fastener Formulas and Screw Threads Floating Fastener Formula Fixed Fastener FormulaProjected Tolerance Zone Workshop Exercise 15.1 - ShimsWorkshop Exercise 15.2 - Reinforcement Unit 16 : Boundaries Overview Boundaries RFS - Internal/ExternalBoundaries MMC - Internal/External15.1 15.2 15.4 15.6 15.8 15.9 16.1 16.2 16.416.5Boundaries LMC - Internal/ExternalWorkshop Exercise 16.1 - Boundary Calculations RFS16.616.7Workshop Exercise 16.2 - Boundary Calculations MMC Workshop Exercise 16.3 - Boundary Calculations LMC Minimum Wall Calculations IB and OB Stack-up Calculations Workshop Exercise 16.4 - IB and OB Workshop Exercise 16.5 - Plate Workshop Exercise 16.6 - What is Wrong? Unit 17 : Application Exercises Workshop Exercise 17.1 - Corner BracketWorkshop Exercise 17.2 - Flange Bearing16.10 16.11 16.12 16.13 16.14 16.15 16.16 17.1 17.217.3Workshop Exercise 17.3 - Powder CaseWorkshop Exercise 17.4 - Link17.417.5Appendix A Principle Changes, Improvements and Enhancements in the ASME Y14.5-2009 from the earlier ASME Y14.5M-1994 standard.AlPurchase the WorkbookGeoTol Pro Workbook, Based on ASME Y14.5 2009 Standardhttp://www.qualitycoach.net/products/geotol-pro-workbook-based-on-asme-y14-5-2009.asp10`