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Reliability standards

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Reliability general

IEC 60529 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)Applies to the classification of degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment with a rated voltage not exceeding 72,5 kV. Has the status of a basic safety publication in accordance with IEC Guide 104. IEC 60529P Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) - PACK including normative references IEC 60812 Analysis techniques for system reliability - Procedure for failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) IEC 60863 Presentation of reliability, maintainability and availability predictions IEC 61014 Programmes for reliability growth IEC 61025 Fault tree analysis (FTA) IEC 61070 Compliance test procedures for steady-state availability IEC 61078 Analysis techniques for dependability - Reliability block diagram method IEC 61123 Reliability testing - Compliance test plans for success ratio IEC 61124 Reliability testing - Compliance tests for constant failure rate and constant failure intensity IEC 61160 Formal design review IEC 61163-1 Reliability stress screening - Part 1: Repairable items manufactured in lots IEC 61163-2 Reliability stress screening - Part 2: Electronic components IEC 61164 Reliability growth - Statistical test and estimation methods IEC 61165 Application of Markov techniques IEC 61649 Goodness-of-fit tests, confidence intervals and lower confidence limits for Weibull distributed data IEC 61650 Reliability data analysis techniques - Procedures for comparison of two constant failure rates and two constant failure (event) intensities IEC 61703 Mathematical expressions for reliability, availability, maintainability and maintenance support terms IEC 61709 Electronic components - Reliability - Reference conditions for failure rates and stress models for conversion IEC 61710 Power law model - Goodness-of-fit tests and estimation methods IEC 61713 Software dependability through the software life-cycle processesApplication guide IEC 61882 Hazard and operability studies (HAZOP studies) - Application guide IEC 62198 Project risk management - Application guidelines

IEC 60068 - Environmental testing

IEC 60068-1 Environmental testing. Part 1: General and guidance

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IEC 60068-2-1 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Tests A: Cold IEC 60068-2-2 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Tests B: Dry heat IEC 60068-2-5 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test Sa: Simulated solar radiation at ground level IEC 60068-2-6 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests - Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal) state testing growth IEC 60068-2-7 Environmental testing. Part 2: Tests. Test Ga: Acceleration, steady IEC 60068-2-9 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Guidance for solar radiation IEC 60068-2-10 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test J and guidance : Mould IEC 60068-2-11 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test Ka: Salt mist IEC 60068-2-13 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test M: Low air pressure IEC 60068-2-14 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test N: Change of temperature

IEC 60068-2-17 Basic environmental testing procedures - Part 2: Tests - Test Q: Sealing IEC 60068-2-18 Environmental testing - Part 2-18: Tests - Test R and guidance: Water IEC 60068-2-20 Environmental testing. Part 2: Tests. Test T: Soldering IEC 60068-2-21 Environmental testing - Part 2-21: Tests - Test U: Robustness of terminations and integral mounting devices IEC 60068-2-27 Environmental testing. Part 2: Tests. Test Ea and guidance: Shock IEC 60068-2-29 Environmental testing. Part 2: Tests. Test Eb and guidance: Bump

IEC 60068-2-30 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test Db and guidance: Damp heat, cyclic (12 + 12-hour cycle) IEC 60068-2-31 Environmental testing. Part 2: Tests. Test Ec: Drop and topple, primarily for equipment-type specimens IEC 60068-2-32 Environmental testing. Part 2: Tests. Test Ed: Free fall IEC 60068-2-33 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Guidance on change of temperature tests IEC 60068-2-38 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test Z/AD: Composite temperature/humidity cyclic test IEC 60068-2-39 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test Z/AMD: Combined sequential cold, low air pressure, and damp heat test IEC 60068-2-40 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test Z/AM: Combined cold/low air pressure tests IEC 60068-2-41 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test Z/BM: Combined dry heat/low air pressure tests IEC 60068-2-42 Environmental testing - Part 2-42: Tests - Test Kc: Sulphur dioxide test for contacts and connections

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IEC 60068-2-43 Environmental testing - Part 2-43: Tests - Test Kd: Hydrogen sulphide test for contacts and connections IEC 60068-2-44 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests - Guidance on test T: Soldering IEC 60068-2-45 Environmental testing. Part 2: Tests. Test XA and guidance: Immersion in cleaning solvents IEC 60068-2-46 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Guidance to Test Kd: Hydrogen sulphide test for contacts and connections IEC 60068-2-47 Environmental testing - Part 2-47: Test methods - Mounting of components, equipment and other articles for vibration, impact and similar dynamic tests IEC 60068-2-48 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Guidance on the application of the tests of IEC 68 to simulate the effects of storage - IEC 60068-2-49 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Guidance to Test Kc: Sulphur dioxide test for contacts and connections IEC 60068-2-50 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Tests Z/AFc: Combined cold/vibration (sinusoidal) tests for both heat-dissipating and non-heat-dissipating specimens IEC 60068-2-51 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Tests Z/BFc: Combined dry heat/vibration (sinusoidal) tests for both heat-dissipating and non-heat-dissipating specimens IEC 60068-2-52 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests - Test Kb: Salt mist, cyclic (sodium, chloride solution) IEC 60068-2-53 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Guidance to Tests Z/AFc and Z/BFc: Combined temperature (cold and dry heat) and vibration (sinusoidal) tests IEC 60068-2-54 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test Ta: Soldering Solderability testing by the wetting balance method IEC 60068-2-55 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests. Test Ee and guidance: Bounce IEC 60068-2-57 Environmental testing - Part 2-57: Tests - Test Ff: Vibration Time-history method IEC 60068-2-58 Environmental testing - Part 2-58: Tests - Test Td - Test methods for solderability, resistance to dissolution of metallization and to soldering heat of surface mounting devices (SMD) IEC 60068-2-59 Environmental testing. Part 2: Tests. Test Fe: Vibration - Sine-beat method IEC 60068-2-60 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests - Test Ke: Flowing mixed gas corrosion test

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IEC 60068-2-61 Environmental testing - Part 2: Test methods - Test Z/ABDM: Climatic sequence IEC 60068-2-64 Environmental testing - Part 2: Test methods - Test Fh: Vibration, broad-band random (digital control) and guidance IEC 60068-2-65 Environmental testing - Part 2: Methods of test - Test Fg: Vibration, acoustically induced IEC 60068-2-66 Environmental testing - Part 2: Test methods - Test Cx: Damp heat, steady state (unsaturated pressurized vapour) IEC 60068-2-67 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests - Test Cy: Damp heat, steady state, accelerated test primarily intended for components IEC 60068-2-68 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests - Test L: Dust and sand IEC 60068-2-69 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests - Test Te: Solderability testing of electronic components for surface mount technology by the wetting balance method IEC 60068-2-70 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests - Test Xb: Abrasion of marking and letterings caused by rubbing of fingers and hands IEC 60068-2-74 Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests - Test Xc: Fluid contamination IEC 60068-2-75 Environmental testing - Part 2-75: Tests - Test Eh: Hammer tests

IEC 60068-2-77 Environmental testing - Part 2-77: Tests - Test 77: Body strength and impact shock IEC 60068-2-78 Environmental testing - Part 2-78: Tests - Test Cab: Damp heat, steady state IEC 60068-2-80 Environmental testing - Part 2-80: Tests - Test Fi: Vibration - Mixed mode IEC 60068-2-81 Environmental testing - Part 2-81: Tests - Test Ei: Shock - Shock response spectrum synthesis IEC 60068-2-82 Environmental testing - Part 2-82: Tests - Test Tx: Whisker test methods for electronic and electric components IEC 60068-3-1 Environmental testing - Part 3: Background information - Section One: Cold and dry heat tests IEC 60068-3-1A Environmental testing - Part 3: Background information - First supplement IEC 60068-3-2 Environmental testing - Part 3: Background information - Section Two: Combined temperature/low air pressure tests IEC 60068-3-3 Environmental testing - Part 3: Guidance. Seismic test methods for equipment IEC 60068-3-4 Environmental testing - Part 3-4: Supporting documentation and guidance - Damp heat tests IEC 60068-3-5 Environmental testing - Part 3-5: Supporting documentation and guidance - Confirmation of the performance of temperature chambers IEC 60068-3-6 Environmental testing - Part 3-6: Supporting documentation and guidance - Confirmation of the performance of temperature/humidity chambers IEC 60068-3-7 Environmental testing - Part 3-7: Supporting documentation and guidance - Measurements in temperature chambers for tests A and B (with load)

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IEC 60068-3-8 Environmental testing - Part 3-8: Supporting documentation and guidance - Selecting amongst vibration tests IEC 60068-3-11 Environmental testing - Part 3-11: Supporting documentation and guidance - Calculation of uncertainty of conditions in climatic test chambers IEC/TR 60068-3-12 Environmental testing - Part 3-12: Supporting documentation and guidance - Method to evaluate a possible lead-free solder reflow temperature profile IEC 60068-4 Environmental testing. Part 4: Information for specification writers - Test summaries IEC 60068-5-2 Environmental testing. Part 5: Guide to drafting of test methods - Terms and definitions

Equipment reliability testing

IEC 60605-2 Equipment reliability testing - Part 2: Design of test cycles IEC 60605-3-1 Equipment reliability testing. Part 3: Preferred test conditions. Indoor portable equipment - Low degree of simulation IEC 60605-3-2 Equipment reliability testing. Part 3: Preferred test conditions. Equipment for stationary use in weather protected locations - High degree of simulation IEC 60605-3-3 Equipment reliability testing - Part 3: Preferred test conditions - Section 3: Test Cycle 3: Equipment for stationary use in partially weather protected locations - Low degree of simulation IEC 60605-3-4 Equipment reliability testing - Part 3: Preferred test conditions - Section 4: Test cycle 4: Equipment for portable and non-stationary use - Low degree of simulation IEC 60605-3-5 Equipment reliability testing - Part 3: Preferred test conditions - Section 5: Test cycle 5: Ground mobile equipment - Low degree of simulation IEC 60605-3-6 Equipment reliability testing - Part 3: Preferred test conditions - Section 6: Test cycle 6: Outdoor transportable equipment - Low degree of simulation IEC 60605-4 Equipment reliability testing - Part 4: Statistical procedures for exponential distribution - Point estimates, confidence intervals, prediction intervals and tolerance intervals IEC 60605-6 Equipment reliability testing - Part 6: Tests for the validity of the constant failure rate or constant failure intensity assumptions ASTM Standards

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B 117 Operating Salt Spray (Fog) Apparatus B 368 Copper Accelerated acetic Acid ­ Salt Spray (Fog) Testing B 827 Practice for Conducting Mixed Flowing Gas (MFG) Environmental Tests C 1149 Specification for Self-Supported Spray Applied Cellulosic Thermal/Acoustical Insu C 1338 Test Method for Determining the Fungi Resistance of Insulation Materials and Fa D 470 Crosslinked Insulations and Jackets for wire and cable D 518 Rubber Deterioration ­ Surface Cracking D 642 Test Method for Determining of Compressive Resistance Shipping Containers, C D 880 Test Method for Impact Testing for Shipping Containers and Systems D 999 Vibration Testing of Shipping\Containers D 1049 Rubber Insulating Covers D 1149 Rubber Deterioration ­ Surface Ozone Cracking in a Chamber D 1185 Test Methods for Pallets and Related Structures Employed in Materials Handling D 2017 Test Method for Accelerated Laboratory Test of Natural Decay Resistance of Woods D 2059 Test Method for Resistance of Zippers to Salt Spray (Fog) D 2344 Test Method for Apparent Interlaminar Shear Strength of Parallel Fiber Composit D 3273 Test Method for Resistance to Growth of Mold on the Surface of Interior Coating D 3332 Test Method for Mechanical Shock Fragility of Products, Using Shock Machines D 3580 Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products D 3826 Practice for Determining Degradation End Point in Degradable Polyolefins Using D 3874 Ignition of Materials by Hot Wire Sources D 4169 Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems D 4300 Test Methods for Ability of Adhesive Films to Support or Resist the Growth of Fun D 4504 Specification for Molded Polyethylene Open-Head Pails for Industrial Shipping of D 4577 Test Method for Compression Resistance of a Container Under Constant Load D 4728 Random Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers D 4783 Test Methods for Resistance of Adhesive Preparations in Container To Attack by D 5094 Test Methods for Gross Leakage of Liquids from Containers with Threaded or Lu D 5112 Test Method for Vibration (Horizontal Linear Sinusoidal Motion) Test of Products D 5276 Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall D 5277 Test Method for Performing Programmed Horizontal Impacts Using an Inclined I D 5415 Test Method for Evaluating Load Containment Performance of Stretch Wrap Ma D 5487 Test Method for Simulated Drop of Loaded Containers by Shock Machines D 5894 Practice for Cyclic Corrosion/UV Exposure of Painted Metal D 6179 Test Methods for Rough Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases E 640 Test Method for Preservatives In Water-Containing Cosmetics E 645 Test Method for Efficacy of Microbicides Used in Cooling Systems E 875 Test Method for Efficacy of Fungal Control Agents as Preservatives for Aqueous F 219 Test Methods of Testing Fine Round and Flat Wire for Electronic Devices and La F 355 Test Method for Shock-Absorbing Properties of Playing Surface Systems and M F 1387 Specification of Performance of Mechanically Attached Fittings G7 Practice for Atmospheric Environmental Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials G 21 Determining Resistance of Synthetic Polymeric Materials to Fungi G 22 Determining Resistance of Plastics G 29 Determining Algal Resistance of Plastic Films

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G 53 G 65 G 85

Operating Light and Water Exposure Apparatus for Exposure of Non-Metallic Ma Measuring Abrasion Using the Dry Sand/Rubber Wheel Apparatus Modified Salt Spray (Fog) Testing

ASTM Vibration

- D999-01 Standard Methods for vibration Testing of Shipping Containers D3580-95(1999) Standard Test Methods for vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products D4728-01 Standard Test Method for Random vibration Testing of Shipping Containers - D5112-98(2003) Standard Test Method for vibration (Horizontal Linear Sinusoidal Motion) Test of Products

ASTM Shock

- D3332-99 Standard Test Methods for Mechanical-Shock Fragility of Products, Using Shock Machines - D6537-00 Standard Practice for Instrumented Package Shock Testing for Determination of Package Performance

ASTM Cross Cut

- D-3359 Standard Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion

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