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Recycling

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RECYCLING

Making Paper From Paper

SUGGESTED GRADE LEVEL:K-6 OBJECTIVE: Tolearn hownewpapercanbemadefromold. TIME: Approximately20-30minutes(plusdryingtime). MATERIALS: forevery2-3students:

v apieceofwindowscreen5"square v a pan big enough for the screen to lie flat v alargespoon v 2Tbs.ofliquidstarch v alargejar,canorrollingpin v 2piecesofblottingpaper(ordinarypaper)

2. AddTbs.ofstarchandstir3moreminutes. Slidescreenunderthepaperpulpandmove pulparounduntilscreeniscompletely covered. 3. Liftscreenout,letitdrainafewseconds, thenplaceitonapieceofblottingpaperona sectionofnewspaper.Placeanothersheetof blottingpaperontop,andthenthe secondsectionofnewspaper. 4. Presstheexcesswateroutbyrollingthejar, canorrollingpinoverthenewspaper.Take offthetopnewspaper,turntheblottingpaper sandwichoverandtakeoffthetoppieceof blottingpaperandthescreen. 5. Lettherecycledpaperdryfor2hours,then loosenitfromtheblottingpaperandgently peelitoff.Lettherecycledpaperdry overnightbeforewritingonit. Discussion questions: 1. Howdoesyournewpaperlook?(thick, lumpy, ragged) 2. Wouldyouliketorecycleallyourownpaper yourself? 3. Doyougetthesameamountofnewpaperout asyouputoldpaperin?(No, you get less because there is some waste.)

thesamesizeasthescreen

v 2blank8-1/2x11piecesofpaper v 2cupsofhotwater v ablender v newspaper

PROCEDURE: 1. Tearpaperintoverysmallpiecesinthepan (donotcut).Add2cupsofhotwaterandstir for3-5minutes.Useablenderforbestresults inmakingpulp.

SOURCE: CornellWasteManagementInstitute.1991. Trash Goes to School (http://cwmi.css.cornell.edu/TrashGoesToSchool/TrashIntro.html).

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4 R's - Everything Old Is New Again

SUGGESTED GRADE LEVEL:3 OBJECTIVE: Byrecyclingusedpaperintonew,usablepaper, studentswillbeabletovisualizehowrecycled paperismadeandexplainwhyitisimportantto userecycledpaper. BACKGROUND: Thewater-to-paperratioshouldbe4:1.Slurryis themushywaterandpapermixtureusedtomake newpaper.Itisalsocalledpulp. TIME: Thirtyminutestomixingredients,waitone day,thenthirtyminutestopreparepulp,dry overnight,thenuse. MATERIALS:largemixingbowl,smallpieces of used papers, starch, mixer, screen, flat pan, newspapers,softdrinkbottle PROCEDURE: Leading Question Whatactuallyhappensduringtherecycling process? 1. Sincepapertakesup35%to40%ofthespace in modern landfills, it is important to recycle it wheneverpossibleinsteadoftossingitaway. Toseewhathappensduringtherecycling process,theclass(oreachteam)willmake somerecycledpaper. 2. FollowtheSimple-to-Make Recycled Paper directionshandout.(Onebatchforthewhole classmaybemadeoryoumaywishtosupply eachteamwithnecessarymaterialstomake theirownbatch.) 3. Aftertherecycledpaperdries,writerecycling poemsonitordrawonitwithwatercolor markersorpaints.Displaypublicly. What Now? 1. Do research to find out how much energy is usedintheregularpaper-makingprocess. 2. Findoutwhatkindsofpapercanberecycled. 3. Trymakingrecycledpaperaddingsuchitems assmallfeathers,grasses,seedandseed pods, thread, small flowers, pieces of colored constructionpaper,foodcoloring,etc. 4. Findoutifyourschoolusesrecycledpaperfor letterheadorstudentexercises.

SOURCE: WeeklyReader's"Exploring the Environment"

RECYCLING

Simple-To-Make-Recycled Paper

WHAT YOU NEED:

vLotsofusedwhitepaper,newspaperor

oldtelephonebook

vAlargebowl v4cupsofwater vAneggbeaterorawhisk vA flat baking pan v1teaspoonofstarch,ifneeded vA piece of window screen that fits inside

3. Put the screen into the flat pan and place slurryonthescreen.Forsmallerpiecesof recycledpaper,placeabout1cupofslurryat atimeonthescreen.Drainanddryinthe regularway. 4. Liftthescreenslightly.Letitdrainforafew minutes.Placethescreenpulpsideup,ona thicklayerofnewspaper,putanotherlayerof newspaperontop. 5. Rolltherollingpinorsoft-drinkbottleover thenewspapertosqueezethewateroutofthe pulp.Turnthepileover.Carefullyremove thenewspaperandthenthescreen.Letthe pulpairdryandthenpeelthenewsheetof paperoffofthenewspaper.

pan

v Twothicklayersofnewspaper v Arollingpinorafull,1-litersoftdrink

bottle WHAT TO DO: 1. Tearusedpaperintoverysmallpieces,about thesizeofadime.Coverwithwarmwater. Letthemixturesitovernight. 2. Thenextday,usetheeggbeaterorwhiskto beatthewaterandpapermixtureuntilit lookslikemush.Thismushiscalledslurry. Ateaspoonofstarchmaybeaddedifthe slurryistoorunny.

RECYCLING

4 R's - What's a Cycle

SUGGESTED GRADE LEVEL: 1 OBJECTIVE: Bybrainstormingandillustratingthecyclesthat they know about (day/night, butterfly, tree, seasons),childrenwillbecomeawareofcyclesto helpthemunderstandrecycling. BACKGROUND: Throughrecycling,theamountofsolidwaste producedcanbegreatlyreduced. TIME: Oneclassperiod. MATERIALS: Graphpaper,oldmagazines,glue,scissors, posterboard,recyclinglogo,Save! Sort! Recycle! worksheet,"cans"madefromcardboardortagboard PROCEDURE: Leading Question What'sacycle? 1. Brainstormdifferentcyclesthechildrenknow about. 2. Howisacyclelikeawheel? 3. Introducethetermrecycle­askthechildren whattheythinkitmeans. 4. Askiftheyreuseandrecyclethingsattheir home. For example: refill water bottles to drinkfromagain. Ask: vDoyoubuytoiletpaperwithrecycled content?

v Whataboutyourcerealboxes? vAretheygray? vIftheyare,thentheyaremadefromrecycled

paper. What Now? 1. Colortherecyclinglogo.Copyonbacksideof alreadyusedpaper,ifpossible. 2. Cutoutpicturesfromoldmagazinesofthings thatcanberecycled.Usethesepicturesfor theactivity,"What'sRecyclable?" 3. MakecopiesoftheSave! Sort! Recycle! worksheetforeachchild.Havethechildren colorthepictures,cutthemout,andglue themontheappropriatecan­reuseor recycle. 4. Laminatetheworksheetanddothisasa wholegroupactivity. 5. Havestudentsmakea"HowtoRecycle"book totakehome.Thesebookscanbemadefrom thebottomsofbrowngrocerybags.Letthem usetheirimagination. 6. Sharethe"Save!Sort!Recycle!"activitywith theclass.Youmaywanttolaminatethe worksheetforpermanentuse.

SOURCE: SouthCarolinaDepartmentofHealthandEnvironmentalControl.2001. Action for a Cleaner Tomorrow: A South Carolina Environmental Curriculum Supplement. Columbia,SC.

RECYCLING

SOURCE: SouthCarolinaDepartmentofHealthandEnvironmentalControl.2001. Action for a Cleaner Tomorrow: A South Carolina Environmental Curriculum Supplement. Columbia,SC.

RECYCLING

Save! Sort! Recycle!

Colortherecyclablesintheboxesonthispage.Thencutthemout andpastethemintotheproperrecyclingbinsontheotherpage.

RECYCLING

SOURCE: SouthCarolinaDepartmentofHealthandEnvironmentalControl.2001. Action for a Cleaner Tomorrow: A South Carolina Environmental Curriculum Supplement. Columbia,SC.

RECYCLING

Foiled Again

SUGGESTED GRADE LEVEL:2-3 OBJECTIVE: Studentswillpredictthenumberoftimesan aluminumcancouldberecycledanddistinguish betweenaluminum,steelandtin. BACKGROUND: Product packaging is a significant part of our solidwastestream.Muchofthepackagingthat ends up in landfills can be recycled. Recycling saves landfill space, as well as energy and the naturalresourcesusedtomakenewpackaging. TIME: Twoclassperiods MATERIALS: Healthysnacks(twokinds);bowlofsudsy water,sponge,towel,trashcan,rollingpin,box, aluminumfoil,string,tape,variousexamplesof aluminumcans,magnet,Recycle Cyclehandout madeintoatransparency PROCEDURE: Eachstudentwillcreateanaluminumfoil container to fill with popcorn, raisins or some otherhealthysnack.Afteritisused,itwill bethrownintoabox,representingaluminum recycling.Eachstudentplayingtheroleof recyclerwillthentakeausedcontainerfrom theboxtorecycleintoanew,usefulproduct. Thisprocesswillbecomparedtotheprocessof recyclingaluminum. 1. Giveeachstudenta12-inchsquareof aluminumfoiltoformintoacontainerfora healthysnack(raisins,popcorn,fruit,etc). 2. Havestudentssharetheirdesignswiththe class. 3. Filleachcontainerwiththesnackand,asthey areenjoyingtheirsnacks,talkaboutthekinds ofcontainersmadefromaluminum.Show someexamples. 4. Whensnacksaregone,alloftheempty homemadesnackcontainerswillbetossed intoaboxmarked"RecycleAluminumHere". 5. Haveeachstudentselectacontainerfrom the recycle box, flatten it, wash and rinse it andreshapethealuminumintoacontainerto holdasecondsnack. 6. Askstudentshowmanytimestheir aluminumcouldberecycled.Helpthem comparethisactivitytotherealprocessof recyclingaluminumusingtheRecycle Cycle transparency. 7. Writethisfactontheboard:"Americans throwawayenoughaluminumeverythree monthstorebuildourentirecommercial airline fleet." Let the students, either individuallyorasateam,buildanaluminum foilboatorairplanefromtheirfoil. 8. Aftertheboatsandplaneshavebeenproperly test-piloted,makeaclassmobileusingtheir crafts and some high-flying facts about aluminumandotherrecyclablemetals.

RECYCLING

EXTENSION ACTIVITIES: 1. Researchaluminumproduction.Writeto ALCOAforinformationand/orpictures: ALCOACorporateCenter 201IsabellaSt. Pittsburgh,PA15212-5858 website:www.alcoa.com 2. Showthestudentshowtotellthedifference betweenaluminumandtinnedcans.(The typicaltinnedcanis99percentsteeland 1percenttin.Thistypeofcanwillbe attractedbyamagnetandwillhaveaseam. Aluminumcanswillnothaveaseamandwill notbeattractedbyamagnet.) 3. Bringoutseveralmagnetsandavarietyof cansandletstudentsexperimentandseparate thecansintocategories.Tellstudentsthatthe rawmaterialforaluminumisbauxite,and tinand/oriron(steel)istherawmaterialfor "tinned"cans. 4. Setupadisplayofrecyclablemetal containers.Askthemanagerofalocal grocerystoreifyourclasscandisplaythisto educateandinformpeopleaboutrecycling. Did You Know? v Morethanone-halfofallaluminumbeverage cansarerecycled.

v Ifanaluminumcanisthrownaway,asmuch

energyiswastedaspouringoutacanhalf- filled with gasoline.

v Inasingleyear,anestimated2million

aluminumcancollectorsearnedmorethan $200millionbyrecycling.

v Thealuminumcanyourecycletodaymaybe

backinthestoreasarecycledcaninaslittle assixweeks.

v About33cansmakeapoundofaluminum. v Pullingoffacanpulltabisdangerous.Do

notencourageanyonetocollectpulltabs. Collectwholecans.Canshavebeendesigned tokeepthetabonthroughtherecycling process.

SOURCE: SouthCarolinaDepartmentofHealthandEnvironmentalControl.2001. Action for a Cleaner Tomorrow: A South Carolina Environmental Curriculum Supplement. Columbia,SC.

RECYCLING

Recycle Cycle

It all starts with YOU!

SOURCE: SouthCarolinaDepartmentofHealthandEnvironmentalControl.2001. Action for a Cleaner Tomorrow: A South Carolina Environmental Curriculum Supplement. Columbia,SC. 0

RECYCLING

History of Glass

SUGGESTED GRADE LEVEL:4 OBJECTIVE: Tolearnaboutthehistoryofglass,whatitismade of,andhowitisused. TIME: Onetotwoclassperiods. MATERIALS: handout:History of Glass PROCEDURE: 1. HavestudentsreadHistory of Glass and answerthequestiononthefollowingpages. Answers:1-T,2-T,3-T,4-F,5-T,6-T,7-T,8-T 2. Usinganencyclopedia,researchthefollowing topicsandmakeyourowntimelinefortheir discoveryandusetothepresenttime. Tin Iron Gold Aluminum Steel Uranium Plastic Copper Silver Petroleum Lead

The History of Glass

Glassisamaterialthatcomesfromthreegroundup,powder-likesubstances:sand,bakingsoda, anddustylimestone.Itisrecyclableagainand againandiseasytodisposeofwithlittleharmto theenvironment. Buthowisitmade?Thethreeingredientsare mixedinlargecontainersorvatsandheatedata veryhightemperatureuntiltheymeltandbecome liquid.Thishot,clearliquidisnowwhatwecall glass.Itisthenshaped,cooled,andlefttoharden foruseeverywhere. Yearsago,scientistsdiscoveredawaytospinthe glass into wool-like thread or fiber. These fibers werefoundtobegoodforbuildingmaterialsin boats, homes and offices. This material is called fiberglass. Glassisindeedanoldbutveryusefulproductbut rememberthatwhenbrokenithassharpedges thatcancutpeopleandanimals. Belowisatimelineshowingwhenandhowlong glasshasbeenmanufactured.

Time Line - The History of Glass

Firstjarmadeofglass Allglassancientcontainer Blowpipeisusedtoshapeglass 3000BC 1500BC 30BC 50AD Firstglasswindow 1535AD FirstwindowinWesternHemisphere 1685AD Firstmirror 1790AD Firstglasseyeglasses 1980AD Microwavable glass & fiber for telephone cables

SOURCE: CornellWasteManagementInstitute.1991. Trash Goes to School (http://cwmi.css.cornell.edu/TrashGoesToSchool/TrashIntro.html)

RECYCLING

Based on your reading on glass and the Time Line, complete the following worksheet. A.BeaGlassRecipeWriter... Writethedirectionstomakeglass.Ingredients: 1. ___________________________________ 2. ___________________________________ 3. ___________________________________ Procedure:Combineyouringredientsandplacethemataveryhightemperatureina___ _______or_________.Let_________and_________andthen________into__________. List five (5) different uses of glass. 1. ________________ 2. ________________ 3. ________________ 4. ________________ 5. ________________ B.CircleTfortrue­Fforfalse. 1. Glassisoneoftheoldestmaterialsmadebyhumans.T/F 2. Glasshasbeenusedformorethan3000years.T/F 3. Ancientpeopleprobablyusedglassforcarryingliquid.T/F 4. Theblowpipewasinventedin30A.D.T/F 5. The first use of glass for home construction took place in 50 A.D. T/F 6. The mirror was invented about 150 years after the first window in the Western Hemisphere.T/F 7. Eyeglasseswereinventedinthe18thCentury.T/F 8. Theuseofglassisabout5000yearsold.T/F

RECYCLING

Let's Get Organized

SUGGESTED GRADE LEVEL: 3-4 OBJECTIVE: Toteachorganizationalskillsandinvolveyouth intheplanningoftheirschoolandhomerecycling project(ifchildrenparticipatetheywillhavea vestedinterestintheprogram'ssuccess).Students willdesignausableschoolrecyclingsystem. BACKGROUND: Teaching youth to be organized and efficient is important.Inthefollowingactivitytheywill help set up a collection system that is efficient for students,teachers,andcustodians. TIME: Two-threeclassperiods. MATERIALS: paper,pencils,andruler PROCEDURE: 1. Checkwiththerecyclingcoordinatortosee whatitemsarebeingrecycledinyourarea, thendecidewhichonesyouwanttocollect. 2. Have a brainstorming session to find the most efficient way to set up a recycling collection system.Thisdiscussionmaycenteronthe classroom, cafeteria, or other offices. You can sketchoutyourowndesignsandtellwhy yourdesignwillworkwell. 3. Sketchadesignoftherecyclingprogramin schoolorhome.Include: a. Whichmaterialswillbecollected? b. Whattypesandsizesofcontainerswill beused?Whatwilltheycost? c. Wherewillthecontainersbeplaced? d. Whowillcollecttherecyclables? e. Howoftenwilltheybecollected?If collectionoccursonetimeperweek, youwillneedlargercontainersthanif itoccurseveryday. f. Wherewilltherecyclablesgoafter theyarecollectedinschool? g. Whatkindsofproductscantheybe madeinto? h. Doesyourfamilybuythoseproducts? Furtherexploration:Asahomeworkassignment orprojecthavestudentsdesignasystemfortheir ownhomes.

SOURCE: CornellWasteManagementInstitute.1991. Trash Goes to School (http://cwmi.css.cornell.edu/TrashGoesToSchool/TrashIntro.html)

RECYCLING

Solid Waste/Recycling

SUGGESTED GRADE LEVEL:3-4 OBJECTIVE: Toseewhatpercentageofwasteispackagingand stimulatethoughtonwhatwethrowaway. BACKGROUND: Whenwethrowawaygarbage,itusuallyendsup in a landfill. Landfill space is getting increasingly scarce,andeverytimewethrowsomethingaway wethrowwithittheenergy,themoney,theraw materials,andthewaterittooktomakeit. TheaverageAmericanthrowsaway4pounds ofgarbageperday.Intheyear2000,Americans threwawayover2milliontonsofaluminumcans andfoil,nearly10milliontonsofglassbottles andjars,over25milliontonsoffoodandover45 milliontonsofpaper.Almostallofthismaterial couldberecycled. Recyclingsaveslargeamountsofenergy. Recyclingoneglassjarsavesenoughenergy tolighta100-wattlightbulbforfourhours. Recyclingonesodacansavesasmuchenergyasif thecanwerehalffullofgasoline. Whenwasteproductsarerecycled,fewerraw materialsareused.Americansthrowaway billionsofaluminumcansperyear­enough aluminum to build several entire air fleets. Recyclingpaperreducesthepressureonour forestsforwoodpulps. TIME: Onetotwoclassperiods. MATERIALS: v Examplesofhouseholdgarbageitems v Paper v Feltmarkersorcrayons v Gluesticks v Handout:Home Recycling Survey PROCEDURE: Collectavarietyofhouseholditemsthatare thrownintothegarbage.Trytoincludeitemsthat couldbeusedagain,suchaspapergrocerybags, aluminumfoil,andthingstocreate"instant" garbagesuchasdisposablediapersandoverpackagedproducts.Alsoincludeitemsthatcould berecycled,suchasnewspapersorglassjars. Introducethenotionofreusebydisplayinga varietyofhouseholditemswhicharefrequently thrownintothegarbagebutcouldstillbeused forotherpurposes.Askstudentstodescribeuses foreachofthesehouseholdproducts.Survey theclassbyholdingupeachitemandaskingfor ashowofhandsiftheitemcouldprobablybe foundintheirgarbageathome. Telltheclassthat,inordertoreducetheamount ofgarbageweproduce,someoftheitemscould beusedagainandsomecouldbe"replaced"at the store by purchasing other products in the first place.Forexample,nondisposableitemsthat producelessgarbagethanitemsmadetobeused onlyonce.Explaintothestudentsthatwhen weuseanitemmorethanonce(forthesameor differentuse)wecallitre-using.Recyclingis remakingaproduct. Studentswilltakehomeasetofquestions(the Home Recycling Survey)tobeansweredby themselvesandatleastonefamilymember.

RECYCLING

FOLLOW-UP: Discussthefollowingquestions: v Whatitemscanbefoundinthegarbagein mostofourhouseholds?

v Areanyoftheitemsusedagain(reused)

inmostofourhouseholds?

v Ifso,whataretheyusedfor? v Doesourtownhaveaplacewherepeople

cantakeitemstoberecycled?

v Ifso,haveanyofyoubeenthere?What

kindsofthingsdidyoutaketobe recycled?

v Wheredomostofthepeopleyou

surveyedthinkourgarbagegoesonceit leavesourhomes?

v Whataresomewaysyoumightreducethe

amountofgarbageinyourhome?

SOURCE: CornellWasteManagementInstitute.1991. Trash Goes to School (http://cwmi.css.cornell.edu/TrashGoesToSchool/TrashIntro.html)

RECYCLING

Home Recycling Survey

1. PutX'sbytheitemsthatyouthrowintoyour garbage: ___Cans(aluminumand/ortin) ___Glassbottles ___Paper ___Aluminumfoil ___Styrofoam(containersorpackagingmaterials) ___Cardboard ___Disposaldiapers ___Plasticcontainers ___Newspapers ___Grocerybags(paperorplastic) ___Eggcartons ___Batteries ___Clothing ___Catalogs&magazines 2. Whichitems,(ofthoselistedabove),couldbe recycled­byyouorsomeoneelse? Drawbacks: 5. What are the benefits and drawbacks of recyclingtoyourfamily?(Talktofamily members) Benefits: 3. DoesTompkinsCountyoffercurbsidepickup torecycleanyoftheseitems? _____Yes_____No_____Idon'tknow 4. Wheredoesyourgarbagegoonceitleavesyour house?(Drawapictureorexplaininwords).

RECYCLING

6. List five products that produce "instant garbage"commonlypurchasedbyyour family.Theymaycomepackagedinsucha waythatyouthrowawaypackagingassoon asyouopenthemortheymaybedisposable sothatyouthrowthemawayafterusing themonlyonetime.Canyouthinkofany alternativestotheseproducts? InstantgarbagePossiblealternative 1.____________________1.____________________ 2.____________________2.____________________ 3.____________________3.____________________ 4.____________________4.____________________ 5.____________________5.____________________ 7.Howdoesreusingthingshelptheenvironment?

RECYCLING

Recycling Word Search

Can you find these words? (All are things that can be recycled.) Words can be found in any direction. IRON STEEL BRASS COPPER ZINC GOLD LEAD METALS WOOD TINCANS ALUMINUMCANS CARS TIRES PLASTICS ASPHALT CONCRETE MOTOROIL LEAVES GLASS JARS RAGS PAPER NEWSPAPER CORRUGATED OFFICEPAPER

Things That Can Be Recycled

D

R U V R E P A P S W E N C E

E

M W L T S H D L T B G F E C

A

O F F I C E P A P E R D O T

G

T Z C N O G A S I C A A X A

N

O K J C P X P T Z U G W S S

C

R L Z A P O E I U B S A U S

O

O U D N E Z R C H D T O H A

N

I O G S R O S S T E E L A L

C

L T W L N W Q W O O D E J G

R

S N A C M U N I M U L A C F

E

F X I S M E T A L S N V H T

T

Q X E I B V A J M I D E C Z

E

S R T A C L T L A H P S A I

P

I H D A E L L Z W R Z P R N

T

C O R R U G A T E D S Q S C

SOURCE: CornellWasteManagementInstitute.1991. Trash Goes to School (http://cwmi.css.cornell.edu/TrashGoesToSchool/TrashIntro.html)

RECYCLING

Speaking Up For Recycling

SUGGESTED GRADE LEVEL: 5 OBJECTIVE: Studentswillpresentapersuasive,well-organized speechpromotingtheestablishmentofaschool recyclingprogram. TIME: Severalclassperiodsandpossiblyongoing. MATERIALS: Notecardsandapen PROCEDURE: Todevelopanideaandspeech,studentswill: 1. Thinkuppossiblestatements. 2. Reworkpossiblestatementstoproducea positivestatement. 3. Brainstormreasonstosupportit. 4. Ratethereasonsintheorderinwhichthey willbepresented:leastpersuasivetomost persuasive. 5. Writeashortintroductiontothespeech. Introductionincludes:introductionofself, shorthistoryofsituationorproblemat handandastatementofthesis. 6. Writeshorttransitionphrasesleading fromonereasontothenextinorderto givethespeechcontinuity. 7. Writeasummaryorconclusionthat restatestheproblemandsummarizes themostpersuasivereasons,leaving theaudiencewithanimportantpointto consider. 8. Writethespeechontonotecards,one mainpointpercard. 9. Practicethespeechsothatstudentscan deliveritsmoothly,notreadingthecards butusingthemonlyforreferencewhile lookingattheiraudienceandfeeling preparedforspeakinginpublic. FOLLOW-UP: 1. Studentspresentspeechtocommunity groups,citycouncil,andcounty commissioners. 2. Studentsattendpublicmeetingson otherpublicproblemsandevaluatethe effectivenessofthepresentations. 3. Studentsattendtrialsandcourthearings toevaluatetechniquesandeffectivenessof presentations. 4. Teacherarrangesvisitsfromlawyersto discusstechniquesofpersuasivespeaking. 5. Studentswriteletterstotheeditorsof localpapersadvocatingthatrecycling beincludedasamethodofsolidwaste management. 6. Studentsdiscusshowrecyclingand "resourcerecovery"canworktogetheras partofasolidwastemanagementplan.

SOURCE: CornellWasteManagementInstitute.1991. Trash Goes to School (http://cwmi.css.cornell.edu/TrashGoesToSchool/TrashIntro.html)

RECYCLING

Solid Waste Word Match

Matchtheleftandrightcolumns

1.Recyclable,ground-upglass 2.Changesorganicmaterialintoasoil-like mixture 3. 30% of all landfill waste 4.Auseofshreddednewspaper 5. A use of finely ground newspaper 6.MostisimportedfromAustraliaand Jamaica;recyclingsaves95%oftheenergyto process 7.Madefrompetroleumandnaturalgas; recyclingisstillininfancy 8.Somecommunitiesrequiregasstationsto collectthisforrecycling 9.Somestateshavedepositsontheseand collectupto90%ofthem 10.Materialsthatcan'tberecycledgohere 11.Ifmaterialsaren'trecycled,moreofthese itemsareused 12.HowcanwemanageourwasteintheU.S? (Choose all that fit)

A.Paper B.Motoroil C.Celluloseinsulation D.Aluminum E.Composting F.Plastics

G.NaturalResources H.Cullet I.Animalbedding J. Landfills or incinerators K.Beveragecontainers I.Reduce,reuse&recycle

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