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Arthritis & Rheumatism

An Official Journal of the American College of Rheumatology www.arthritisrheum.org and www.interscience.wiley.com

VOLUME 62

MARCH 2010

NO. 3

A15

In This Issue ...................................... .................................................................................. Special Articles Editorial: Should Antibodies to High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and Its Components Be Measured in All Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients to Predict Risk of Atherosclerosis? Bevra H. Hahn ............................ .................................................................................. Editorial: The Synovial Lining Micromass System: Toward Rheumatoid Arthritis in a Dish? Harris Perlman and Richard M. Pope . .................................................................................. Review: The Role of Synovial Macrophages and Macrophage-Produced Mediators in Driving Inflammatory and Destructive Responses in Osteoarthritis Jan Bondeson, Arjen B. Blom, Shane Wainwright, Clare Hughes, Bruce Caterson, and Wim B. van den Berg..................... .................................................................................. Autoimmunity Autoimmune Diseases in Women With Turner's Syndrome Kristian T. Jørgensen, Klaus Rostgaard, Iben Bache, Robert J. Biggar, Nete M. Nielsen, Niels Tommerup, and Morten Frisch ........................ .................................................................................. Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Inflammatory Rheumatic Disease Is Associated With Up-Regulation of Markers of Inflammation in Cardiac Microvessels and Cardiomyocytes Cecilia Grundtman, Ivana Hollan, Øystein T. Førre, Kjell Saatvedt, Knut Mikkelsen, and Ingrid E. Lundberg ......................................................................................................... Search for Next Editor, Arthritis Care & Research (2011­2016 Term) .................................................... Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical Studies Two-Year Clinical and Radiographic Results With Combination Etanercept­Methotrexate Therapy Versus Monotherapy in Early Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Two-Year, Double-Blind, Randomized Study Paul Emery, Ferdinand Breedveld, Desiree van der Heijde, Gianfranco Ferraccioli, Maxime Dougados, ´ ´ Deborah Robertson, Ronald Pedersen, Andrew S. Koenig, and Bruce Freundlich, for the Combination of Methotrexate and Etanercept in Early Rheumatoid Arthritis Trial Group .......................................... Fluoxetine and Citalopram Exhibit Potent Antiinflammatory Activity in Human and Murine Models of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Inhibit Toll-like Receptors Sandra Sacre, Mino Medghalchi, Bernard Gregory, Fionula Brennan, and Richard Williams .................. Gene Expression Profiling in Autoantibody-Positive Patients With Arthralgia Predicts Development of Arthritis Lisa G. M. van Baarsen, Wouter H. Bos, Francois Rustenburg, Tineke C. T. M. van der Pouw Kraan, ¸ Gerrit Jan J. Wolbink, Ben A. C. Dijkmans, Dirkjan van Schaardenburg, and Cornelis L. Verweij ............ Clinical Images Calcifying Pseudoneoplasm of the Neuraxis Denise Tong, Nishantha Karunaratne, Graydon Howe, David Spencer, and Nicholas Manolios ............... Rheumatoid Arthritis Basic Science Studies Evidence of Epistasis Between TNFRSF14 and TNFRSF6B Polymorphisms in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis Nieves Perdigones, Ana G. Vigo, Jose R. Lamas, Alfonso Marti ´ ´nez, Alejandro Balsa, Dora Pascual-Salcedo, Emilio G. de la Concha, Benjami Fernandez-Gutierrez, and Elena Urcelay ......... ´n ´ ´ Angiogenesis and Blood Vessel Stability in Inflammatory Arthritis Aisling Kennedy, Chin Teck Ng, Monika Biniecka, Tajvur Saber, Cormac Taylor, Jacintha O'Sullivan, Douglas J. Veale, and Ursula Fearon .................................................................................... Blocking ERK-1/2 Reduces Tumor Necrosis Factor ­Induced Interleukin-18 Bioactivity in Rheumatoid Arthritis Synovial Fibroblasts by Induction of Interleukin-18 Binding Protein a Hubert Marotte, Salahuddin Ahmed, Jeffrey H. Ruth, and Alisa E. Koch.......................................... Cilostazol Enhances Apoptosis of Synovial Cells From Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients With Inhibition of Cytokine Formation via Nrf2-Linked Heme Oxygenase 1 Induction So Youn Park, Sung Won Lee, Hwa Kyoung Shin, Won Tae Chung, Won Suk Lee, Byung Yong Rhim, Ki Whan Hong, and Chi Dae Kim .......................................................................................

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Synovium Synovial Fibroblasts Self-Direct Multicellular Lining Architecture and Synthetic Function in Three-Dimensional Organ Culture Hans P. Kiener, Gerald F. M. Watts, Yajun Cui, John Wright, Thomas S. Thornhill, Markus Skold, ¨ Samuel M. Behar, Birgit Niederreiter, Jun Lu, Manuela Cernadas, Anthony J. Coyle, Gary P. Sims, Josef Smolen, Matthew L. Warman, Michael B. Brenner, and David M. Lee ..................................... Experimental Arthritis Neutrophils in a Mouse Model of Autoantibody-Mediated Arthritis: Critical Producers of Fc Receptor , the Receptor for C5a, and Lymphocyte Function Associated Antigen 1 Paul A. Monach, Peter A. Nigrovic, Mei Chen, Hanno Hock, David M. Lee, Christophe Benoist, and Diane Mathis ................................................................................................................ Adeno-Associated Virus Type 5­Mediated Intraarticular Administration of Tumor Necrosis Factor Small Interfering RNA Improves Collagen-Induced Arthritis Maroun Khoury, Gabriel Courties, Sylvie Fabre, Carine Bouffi, Christian A. Seemayer, Margriet J. Vervoordeldonk, Paul P. Tak, Christian Jorgensen, and Florence Apparailly ......................... Osteoarthritis Comparative Analysis of Gene Expression Profiles Between Primary Knee Osteoarthritis and an Osteoarthritis Endemic to Northwestern China, Kashin-Beck Disease Chen Duan, Xiong Guo, Xiao-Dong Zhang, Han-Jie Yu, Hua Yan, Ying Gao, Wei-Juan Ma, Zong-Qiang Gao, Peng Xu, and Mikko Lammi........................................................................ Genome-Wide Linkage Analysis of Quantitative Biomarker Traits of Osteoarthritis in a Large, Multigenerational Extended Family Hsiang-Cheng Chen, Virginia Byers Kraus, Yi-Ju Li, Sarah Nelson, Carol Haynes, Jessica Johnson, Thomas Stabler, Elizabeth R. Hauser, Simon G. Gregory, William E. Kraus, and Svati H. Shah .............. Cartilage Biology Autophagy Is a Protective Mechanism in Normal Cartilage, and Its Aging-Related Loss Is Linked With Cell Death and Osteoarthritis Beatriz Carames, Noboru Taniguchi, Shuhei Otsuki, Francisco J. Blanco, and Martin Lotz .................... ´ Proteomic Analysis by Two-Dimensional Electrophoresis to Identify the Normal Human Chondrocyte Proteome Stimulated by Tumor Necrosis Factor and Interleukin-1 Berta Cillero-Pastor, Cristina Ruiz-Romero, Beatriz Carames, Mari J. Lopez-Armada, and ´ ´a ´ Francisco J. Blanco......................................................................................................... Trefoil Factor 3 Is Induced During Degenerative and Inflammatory Joint Disease, Activates Matrix Metalloproteinases, and Enhances Apoptosis of Articular Cartilage Chondrocytes Sophie Rosler, Tobias Haase, Horst Claassen, Ute Schulze, Martin Schicht, Dagmar Riemann, Jorg Brandt, ¨ ¨ David Wohlrab, Brigitte Muller-Hilke, Mary B. Goldring, Saadettin Sel, Deike Varoga, Fabian Garreis, and ¨ Friedrich P. Paulsen ...................... .................................................................................. Akt1 in Murine Chondrocytes Controls Cartilage Calcification During Endochondral Ossification Under Physiologic and Pathologic Conditions Atsushi Fukai, Naohiro Kawamura, Taku Saito, Yasushi Oshima, Toshiyuki Ikeda, Fumitaka Kugimiya, Akiro Higashikawa, Fumiko Yano, Naoshi Ogata, Kozo Nakamura, Ung-il Chung, and Hiroshi Kawaguchi.......................................................................................................... Clinical Image Perihepatitis in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Barry Kane and Kathryn Gibson ....... .................................................................................. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Erythrocyte C3d and C4d for Monitoring Disease Activity in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Amy H. Kao, Jeannine S. Navratil, Margie J. Ruffing, Chau-Ching Liu, Douglas Hawkins, Kathleen M. McKinnon, Natalya Danchenko, Joseph M. Ahearn, and Susan Manzi............................. Antibodies to Apolipoprotein A-I, High-Density Lipoprotein, and C-Reactive Protein Are Associated With Disease Activity in Patients With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Sean G. O'Neill, Ian Giles, Anastasia Lambrianides, Jessica Manson, David D'Cruz, Leslie Schrieber, Lyn M. March, David S. Latchman, David A. Isenberg, and Anisur Rahman .................................... Antimalarial Treatment May Have a Time-Dependent Effect on Lupus Survival: Data From a Multinational Latin American Inception Cohort Samuel K. Shinjo, Eloi Bonfa, Daniel Wojdyla, Eduardo F. Borba, Luis A. Ramirez, ´sa ´ Hugo R. Scherbarth, Joao C. Tavares Brenol, Rosa Chacon-Diaz, Oscar J. Neira, Guillermo A. Berbotto, ~ ´ Ignacio Garcia De La Torre, Eduardo M. Acevedo-Vazquez, Loreto Massardo, Leonor A. Barile-Fabris, ´ Francisco Caeiro, Luis H. Silveira, Emilia I. Sato, Sandra Buliubasich, Graciela S. Alarcon, and ´ Bernardo A. Pons-Estel, on behalf of the Grupo Latino Americano de Estudio del Lupus Eritematoso (GLADEL) ..................................................................................................................

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The Protective Effect of Antimalarial Drugs on Thrombovascular Events in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Hyejung Jung, Raja Bobba, Jiandong Su, Zhaleh Shariati-Sarabi, Dafna D. Gladman, Murray Urowitz, Wendy Lou, and Paul R. Fortin ........ .................................................................................. Antiphospholipid Syndrome Differential Expression of Protease-Activated Receptors in Monocytes From Patients With Primary Antiphospholipid Syndrome ´ Chary Lopez-Pedrera, Maria Angeles Aguirre, Paula Buendi Nuria Barbarroja, Patricia Ruiz-Limon, ´ ´a, ´ Eduardo Collantes-Estevez, Francisco Velasco, Munther Khamashta, and Maria Jose Cuadrado .............. ´ Systemic Sclerosis Endothelin 1 Contributes to the Effect of Transforming Growth Factor 1 on Wound Repair and Skin Fibrosis David Lagares, Rosa Ana Garci ´a-Fernandez, Clara Lopez Jimenez, Noemi Magan-Marchal, ´ ´ ´ ´ Oscar Busnadiego, Santiago Lamas, and Fernando Rodri ´guez-Pascual ............................................ Association of the FAM167A­BLK Region With Systemic Sclerosis Ikue Ito, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Aya Kawasaki, Minoru Hasegawa, Jun Ohashi, Manabu Kawamoto, Manabu Fujimoto, Kazuhiko Takehara, Shinichi Sato, Masako Hara, and Naoyuki Tsuchiya ................. Clinical Images Gout Revealed on Arthroscopy After Minor Injury Joseph F. Baker and Keith A. Synnott ................................................................................... Childhood Arthritis Biologic Predictors of Extension of Oligoarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis as Determined From Synovial Fluid Cellular Composition and Gene Expression Patricia J. Hunter, Kiran Nistala, Nipurna Jina, Ayad Eddaoudi, Wendy Thomson, Mike Hubank, and Lucy R. Wedderburn........................................................................................................ Letters Rituximab Monotherapy, Rather Than Rituximab Plus Antiviral Drugs, for Initial Treatment of Severe Hepatitis C Virus­Associated Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Syndrome: Comment on the Article by Terrier et al Salvatore De Vita and Luca Quartuccio ................................................................................ Reply Benjamin Terrier and Patrice Cacoub ................................................................................... Bone Structural Changes and Hip Osteoarthritis: Comment on the Article by Javaid et al Jonathan Reeve.............................................................................................................. Reply M. K. Javaid, N. E. Lane, T. J. Beck, M. C. Hochberg, and M. C. Nevitt ......................................... ACR Announcements .............................................................................................................. Cover Image: The figure on the cover (from Duan et al, page 772) shows 2 patients with Kashin-Beck disease (grade II [left] and grade III [right]), exhibiting growth retardation and dwarfism. Radiographic features resembled findings in advanced osteoarthritis.

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