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LIGHT AND COLOR

Learning Objectives

Students will: = Demonstrate the effect of light and color. = Identify primary and secondary colors. = Create a color wheel. = Answer questions using scientific investigation.

Standards

Science: Scientific Investigation (Gr. K-5): Students will: 1. Understand the nature or scientific inquiry. 2. Know that scientific investigations involve asking and answering a question. Visual Arts (Gr. K-5): Students will: 1. Understand and apply media, techniques and processes related to the visual arts.

SOURCE: The Mid-Continent Research for Education and Learning (McREL) Language Arts Standards

Materials Needed

Handouts #1 and #2 ­ one for each student A sheet of white paper Solid colored sheets of paper Tape A flashlight Red, blue and yellow colored cellophane (filters) Rubber bands Colored markers, crayons, colored pencils or paints

Teacher Notes

You can set up four different "experiment stations" by using "The Color Wheel" activity, the experiment below and the two additional experiments in the Extensions section of this lesson.

Activity Directions

1. Ask: What are the primary colors? (red, blue, yellow) What are the secondary colors? (green, orange, purple) 2. Distribute Handout #1 "The Color Wheel," one to each student. Review the directions and allow students time to complete the color wheel. While they are doing this, tape to a wall some white and other solid colored sheets of paper. Also, prepare the flashlight and cellophane.

©2007 Feld Entertainment

Light and Color Lesson Page 1 of 2

LIGHT AND COLOR

3. Distribute Handout # 2: "Science of Color Observation" sheet, one to each student. Tell your students that you are going to do a science experiment that demonstrates how the Ringling Bros.® lighting designers use the primary and secondary colors to create a constantly changing display of colors in the circus. 4. Read the directions with your students and then do several demonstrations using different colors of cellophane and paper. Allow time for students to complete the handout with a Hypothesis, Observation and Conclusion for each demonstration.

Here are some experiment ideas to get you started: = A red light on a red piece of paper. = A red light on a yellow piece of paper. = A red light on a blue piece of paper. = A yellow light on a red piece of paper. = A blue light on a green piece of paper. = A yellow light on a blue piece of paper.

Answers for Color Wheel handout: Cool colors ­ blue, green, purple. Warm colors ­ red, orange, yellow.

After the Lesson Discussion and Review

Follow up with a discussion. Use the following questions to stimulate responses: How could a clown make his costume appear to change color without changing clothes? (By shining a light on the costume that would change it do a different color.) If a piece of the stage or a costume was white, how might a director make it look different colors? (By shining different colored lights on it.)

Extensions

1. Do the same experiment using brightly colored fabrics, feathers, sequins, mirrors and other textures. (Velvet, vinyl, canvas and polished canvas are good examples as they absorb and reflect different amounts of light.) 2. Cut out multi-colored pictures from a magazine and shine different colors of light upon the pictures. With your students discuss how the mood changes when colors change. What other effects do different colors create?

©2007 Feld Entertainment

Light and Color Lesson Page 2 of 2

tHe cOlOR WHeel

Color wheels show us how colors are related. The artists who design the costumes, lighting and sets for Ringling Bros.® use the color wheel to think about how to choose and mix colors. This color wheel is made up of primary and secondary colors. Primary colors cannot be made from other colors. Artists create all the other colors of the rainbow by mixing together the primary colors. Secondary colors are made by mixing two primary colors. Each secondary color is made from the two primary colors closest to it on the color wheel.

NAME

pRiMaRy cOlORs aRe:

RED BLUE YELLOW

secOnDaRy cOlORs aRe:

GREEN ORANGE PURPLE

Unscramble the color words and color each part of the color wheel that color.

RpeplU

Uelb

eRD

egneR

gnOaeR

Three of the colors on the color wheel are known as cool colors. The other three are known as warm colors. Do you know which are which? Circle the warm colors. Draw a box around the cool colors.

©2007 Feld Entertainment

lyleWO

pURple ReD

ORange blUe

gReen yellOW

The Color Wheel Handout #1

NAME

science Of cOlOR ObseRvatiOn

Your teacher will cover a flashlight with different colors of cellophane and then shine the light onto different sheets of colored paper. Record what is done and your predictions below: expeRiMent #1: Question: What will happen when a ________________(color) cellophane filter is placed upon a flashlight and the light is shone upon a _________________(color) piece of paper? Hypothesis: _____________________________________________________________________ Observation:_____________________________________________________________________ Conclusion:______________________________________________________________________ expeRiMent #2: Question: What will happen when a ________________(color) cellophane filter is placed upon a flashlight and the light is shone upon a _________________(color) piece of paper? Hypothesis: _____________________________________________________________________ Observation:_____________________________________________________________________ Conclusion:______________________________________________________________________

expeRiMent #3: Question: What will happen when a ________________(color) cellophane filter is placed upon a flashlight and the light is shone upon a _________________(color) piece of paper? Hypothesis: _____________________________________________________________________ Observation:_____________________________________________________________________ Conclusion:______________________________________________________________________

©2007 Feld Entertainment

Science of Color Observation Handout #2

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