Read Poverty and deforestation ­ the complex agenda on biodiversityloss in Madagascar Carter Ingram, Scott Henderson, Terry Dawson Environmental Change Institute Oxford University text version

A European Perspective on Nature Conservation James Briden with contributions from Pam Berry, Terry Dawson and Anna Lawrence Environmental Change Institute University of Oxford

With special acknowledgements to: Katherine Homewood (University College London), Neou Bonheur (Cambodia Ministry of Environment) Ben Lane (Columbia University)

"It is becoming obvious that our destruction of nature affects the lives and the deaths of humans as well. Still, many people underestimate the severity of this destruction. They imagine that the environmental crisis is a problem only for future generations, having no immediate impact while they are still alive. They do not pause to reconsider their own behavior and activities that are causing this degradation of nature, much less to adopt lifestyles that would minimise the destruction."

Eiji Uehiro "Practical Ethics of Our Time", 1989

British climate space simulations for Salix herbacea (dwarf willow)

Madagascar is a country of extreme wealth......

Wealth of habitats: humid

rainforest, dry bush, prairie, savannas, spiny forests, swamp forests, mangroves

Rich biological diversity:

80 million years of isolation, arrival of humans < 2000 years

High species endemism:

over 85% for many taxa

and extreme poverty....

70% of population live in poverty (World Bank) per capita income: US$250 4% of rural population have access to clean water 40% of children under 5 suffer from malnutrition

In 1986, Rio Tinto, a UK mining company, discovered ilmenite deposits near the town of Fort-Dauphin in south-east Madagascar

Predicted rate of deforestation in the Fort Dauphin region

Deforestation from 1972 to 1995

Key issues and impacts (positive)

No villages are situated on the mining path A new port and harbour facility will need to be built Improved roads (but heavy traffic) The mining process is inert Massive boost to the national economy!

Key issues and impacts (negative)

Accelerated change of social values, relations and sense of place Wealth disparity Migration Destruction of 80% of remnant littoral forest - the last patches of this unique ecosystem in the whole of Madagascar!

Environmental Dilemmas

Can biodiversity be conserved in small, degraded, fragmented parcels which are under daily pressure from villagers? In this context, can species extinction be avoided? What should be the role of the mining company in supporting littoral forest conservation?

Information

Poverty and deforestation ­ the complex agenda on biodiversityloss in Madagascar Carter Ingram, Scott Henderson, Terry Dawson Environmental Change Institute Oxford University

17 pages

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